Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 List of Illustrations
 Table of Contents
 A B C and slate exercise
 Word method
 The creation
 The confusion of tongues
 The favorite son
 Faithfulness rewarded
 Joseph's dream fulfilled
 Brotherly love restored
 Water from the rock
 Bread from heaven
 Elijah and the priests of Baal
 The handwriting on the wall
 The three Hebrews and the fiery...
 The birth of Jesus
 Jesus and the doctors in the...
 Turning water into wine
 Raising of Jairus' daughter
 Jesus feeds the five thousand
 The fire by the sea
 Jesus heals the blind beggar
 Jesus blessing little children
 The Sabbath made for man
 Jesus at Jacob's well
 The need of prayer
 Jesus riding into Jerusalem
 The ascension
 A little child shall lead them
 Back Cover

Title: The gospel primer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00083407/00001
 Material Information
Title: The gospel primer
Physical Description: 128 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 21 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Palmer, W. O
White, James Edson, 1849-1928 ( Author )
Southern Publishing Association ( Publisher )
Publisher: Southern Publishing Association
Place of Publication: Nashville Tennessee
Publication Date: c1895
Subject: Bible stories, English   ( lcsh )
Readers -- 1895   ( rbgenr )
Children's stories -- 1895   ( lcsh )
Alphabet books -- 1895   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1895
Genre: Readers   ( rbgenr )
Children's stories
Alphabet books   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Tennessee -- Nashville
General Note: Illustrated alphabet printed in red.
General Note: By W.O. Palmer and J.E. White.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00083407
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002230668
notis - ALH1031
oclc - 230824015

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Page 1
        Page 1a
        Page 2
    Title Page
        Page 3
    List of Illustrations
        Page 4
    Table of Contents
        Page 5
        Page 6
    A B C and slate exercise
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Word method
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    The creation
        Page 39
        Page 40
    The confusion of tongues
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
    The favorite son
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
    Faithfulness rewarded
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    Joseph's dream fulfilled
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    Brotherly love restored
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
    Water from the rock
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
    Bread from heaven
        Page 65
        Page 66
    Elijah and the priests of Baal
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
    The handwriting on the wall
        Page 71
        Page 72
    The three Hebrews and the fiery furnace
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
    The birth of Jesus
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
    Jesus and the doctors in the temple
        Page 85
        Page 86
    Turning water into wine
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
    Raising of Jairus' daughter
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
    Jesus feeds the five thousand
        Page 97
        Page 98
    The fire by the sea
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
    Jesus heals the blind beggar
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
    Jesus blessing little children
        Page 107
        Page 108
    The Sabbath made for man
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
    Jesus at Jacob's well
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
    The need of prayer
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
    Jesus riding into Jerusalem
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
    The ascension
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
    A little child shall lead them
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

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Gospel Primer

| "And that from a child thou hast known the
HOLY SCRIPTURES, which are able to make thee
wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ
Jesus."- 2 Tizmoltly 3. 15.

ten liundred an4 CwentyVTiftt MIousand



The Earth at Creation 1. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38
The Tower of Babel .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 42
The Selling of Joseph .. .. .. .. .. .. 46
Joseph Interpreting Pharaoh's Dream .. .. .. .. 48
Joseph's Dream .... .. .. .. .. .. 52
Jacob Going Down to Egypt .. .. .. .. .. 56
Bringing Water from the Rock .. .. .. .. .. 62
Israelites Gathering Manna .. .. .. .. .. 64
Elijah's Offering .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 68
The Handwriting on the Wall .. .. .. .. .. 70
The Three Hebrews before the King .. .. .. .. 74
In the Fiery Furnace .. .. .. .. .. .. 76
The Wise Men Presenting Gifts to Jesus .. .. .. .. 80
Flight into Egypt .. .. .. .. .. .. 82
Jesus among the Doctors .. .. .. .. .. .. 84
Turning Water into Wine .. .. .. .. .. .. 88
Jesus Raising Jairus' Daughter .. .. .. .. .. 92
Jesus Healing the Sick .. .. .. .. .. 94
The Sea of Galilee .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 95
Jesus Feeding the Five Thousand .. .. .. .. 96
The Fire by the Sea .. .. .. .. .. .. 1oo
The Blind Beggar .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 102
Ruins of the Pool of Siloam .. .. .. .. .. .. 105
Jesus Blessing Little Children .. .. .. .. .. 106
The Disciples Plucking Corn .. .. .. .. .. .. II
Jesus and the Woman of Samaria .. ... .. 112
Jesus Riding into Jerusalem .. .. .... 120
The Crucifixion .. .. .. .. .. .. 122
The Ascension .. .. .. .... .. 124
A Little Child Shall Lead Them .. .. .. .. 126

Copyrighted 7896 by International Tract Society. Al! Rights Reserved.

A B C and Slate Exercise .. .. .... 7
Word Method .. .. .. .. 16
The Creation .. .. .. 39
The Confusion of Tongues .. .... 41
The Favorite Son .... .. .... 44
Faithfulness Rewarded .. .. .. .. .. 49
Joseph's Dream Fulfilled .. .. .. .. .. .. 53
Brotherly Love Restored .... .. .. 57
Water from the Rock .. .. .. .. ... 61
Bread from Heaven .. .... .. 65
Elijah and the Priests of Baal .. .. .. .. .. 67
The Handwriting on the Wall .. .. .. .. .. 71
The Three Hebrews and the Fiery Furnace .. .. 73
The Birth of Jesus .. .. .. ... .. 79
Jesus and the Doctors in the Temple .... .. 85
Turning Water into Wine .. .. .. .. .. 87
The Raising of Jairus' Daughter .. .. .. .. .. 91
Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand .. .. .. 97
The Fire by the Sea .. .. .. .... .. 99
Jesus Heals the Blind Beggar .. .. .. .. 103
Jesus Blessing Little Children .. .. .. .. .. 107
The Sabbath Made for Man .. .. ... 109
Jesus at Jacob's Well .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 113
The Need of Prayer .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 116
Jesus Riding into Jerusalem .. .. .. .. .. I19
The Ascension .... 123
A Little Child Shall Lead Them .. .. .. 127

Learning to ead.

-HEIRE' are two quite distinct ways of teaching beginners
Sto read. In the alphabetic method, the letters are first
learned, and then built into words. With this method
nearly every o:o is familiar.
In the word method, certain words are first learned, and
then built into simple sentences. This method has the ad-
vantage of giving the learner something at the outset that can
suggest thought and awaken interest.
In this primer, facilities are furnished for both methods.
The alphabet is presented in very attractive form, and then
follows the word method, beginning on page sixteen.
In teaching by the word method, the teacher does not try
to teach the letters at first. He begins with words. For ex-
ample, take the first lesson on page sixteen. First teach the
word "God" till it can be recognized anywhere; then the
word "good," and the word "is." Then the first sentence
can be read,- God is good." Then by adding "am" and
"I" the next sentence can be read. Add "love," and we
mabread, "God is love." In this way the whole lesson may
soon be read.
The second lesson contains no new words except those put
in bold type below it, and so with every lesson. We need be
in no hurry about the alphabet; for nearly all children will
learn it incidentally before reading very far in this way.
It is a good practice to have the learner print the most
prominent words on a slate or on paper. The words in bold
type afford a good spelling lesson, for either oral or written
spelling exercises.

is for Adam, who was the first
the man for
first Adam is
"So God created man in his own image, in the
image of God created he him." Genesis i: 27.

is for Bethlehem, where Jaus-.
was born.
--' '. *i.' '" (SI.AT- EXERCISE.)
.i.", was for is born
where Jesus
"Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Jnddea,
in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise
men from the east to Jersalem." Matthew 2: I.


SI- killed brother
who his for
"And it came to pass, when they were in the field,
that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew
him." Genesis 4:8.

5 is for Daniel, who was cast
t '. J into the lion's den.
T J cast was lion
into den

"Then the king commanded, and they brought
Daniel, and cast him into the den of lions." Daniel
6: 16.
-- is for Elijah, who was taken
S- to heaven.
'. .'. heaven taken was
to for is

"Behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and
horses of fire; . and Elijah went up by a whirl-
wind into heaven." 2 Kings 2: I.


is for flood, that drowned
the world.
flood world' that
drowned for the

"And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters
upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the
breath of life." Genesis 6: 17.
is for the giant Goliath, who

slain giant for
David was

"And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail
because of him; thy servant will go and fight with
this Philistine." I Samuel 17 :32.

is for Hannah, who gave her

Lord son gave
Samuel who
She "brought the child to Eli. Therefore also
I have lent him to the Lord; as long as he liveth he
shall be lent to the Lord." I Samuel : 25-28.


Sis for Isaac, the son of Abra-
%A I ham.
Isaac son of
for is the
"Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom
thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and
offer him there for a burnt offering." Genesis 22: 2.

is for Jacob, to whom the
angels appeared in a
\ dream angels the
whom Jacob
"And he dreamed, and, behold, a ladder set up on
the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven; and,
behold, the angels of God ascending and descending
on it." Genesis 28: 12.

I--- is for Korah, who was swal-
S i lowed up by the earth.
earth up by the
_who was is
And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed
them up." Numbers 16: 32.


Sis for Lazarus, whom Christ
raised from the dead.
Christ raised the

from dead

"And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a
loud voice, Lazarus, come forth." John i : 43.

15 is for Methuselah, the old-
est man.
man oldest
Ithe is for

"And all the days of Methuselah were nine hun-
dred sixty and nine years; and he died." Genesis 5 : 27.

N is for Nazareth, the home of
Jesus of home
Sfor the is

"And he came and dwelt in a city called Naza-
reth." Matthew 2: 23.


S- is for Olivet, the mount on
'which Jesus prayed.
"- --'^ (sIA~r ESERCISE.)
mount for which

.. prayed on

"And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to
the Mount of Olives." Luke 22: 39.

is for Pharaoh, who was
drowned in the Red Sea.
drowned sea in
who was is

"And the waters returned, and covered the chariots,
and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh." Ex-
odus 14: 28.

S-cis for Queen of Sheba, who
visited Solomon.
.. ,A.'' (ST.AT XERCISU.)
'[ Queen who for
!' --. |<-- 1 1^ L.
777 visited Solomon

"And when the Queen of Sheba heard of the fame
of Solomon, concerning the name of the Lord, she came
to prove him with hard questions." I Kings o1: I.


is for Rome, where Paul
was put in prison.

"And when we came to Rome, the centurion deliv-
ered the prisoners to the captain of the guard; but
Paul was suffered to dwell by himself, with a soldier
that kept him." Acts 28: i6.
is for Sodom, the city de-
stroyed by fire.

city destroyed by
-for the fire

"Then the Lord rained upon Sodom, and upon
Gomorrah, brimstone and fire." Genesis 19: 24.

T- is for Troas, where Paul
preached all night.
night all where
preached Paul

When he .. had broken bread, and eaten, and
talked a long while, even till break of day, so he
departed." Acts 20: I1.


1 the ark.
VFii ark for steadied
i who is the

"Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and
took hold of it; for the oxen shook it. And God
smote him there for his error." 2 Samuel 6:6, 7.

is for vine, which represents
^"(?^AT EXERCaSs.)
Christ for vine
S-which represents

"I am the vine, ye are the branches." John 15: 5.

is for watchman, on the
walls of Zion.
Zion walls .of
for the on

"Watchman, what of the night ? The watchman
said, The morning cometh, and also the night."
Isaiah 21: II, 12.


is for Xerxes ( Ahasuerus),
King of Persia.
Persia is of
_I_ king for
"Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus,
.... he made a feast unto all his princes .... of Me-
dia and Persia." Esther I: 1-3.

SChrist of for

A ,yoke is the

"My yoke is easy, and my burden is light."
Matthew I : 30.

.. blest.
,~. --1 Zion blest the
home of for
"And I looked, and lo, a Lamb stood on the
Mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four
thousand." Revelation 14:'I.


God. Good.- God is good. Am I good?
God is love. He loves me. Do I love God ?
Men. Good men. Good men love God.
God loves all men. Do all men love God ?
God is good to all men. He is good to me.
God good all am to I
love men me is do he

MVother. The mother. The good mother.
The good mother loves God, and God loves her.
Child.-The child.
The good child. The
child is good. The I'
good child loves his/ .Q .'''
mother. .
My mother is good
to me. I am my mother's child. Do I love my
mother ? If I love her, I will be good to her.
Mother her his my the
child the him will if


Brother.- My brother. My good brother.
My brother loves me. He is good to me.
Sister. Dear.
-My sister. My
dear sister. She is
good to me. My sis- ..
ter loves her mother .
and her brother. '
My sister is my ,-.5 '| .- i ',i
mother's child, and '
so is my brother. Our mother loves all her
children, and we love her.
All good children love their mother.
Brother children dear our their
sister and so we man

Father. Our dear father. Our father is a
good man. He loves my mother, and she loves him.
Our father loves his children, and they all
love him. He is a good father to us, and we
will all be good children.
Heaven. Who. God is our Father in
heaven. All who love him are his children. He


loves them more than father or mother can love
their children.
God loves my father and my mother. He
loves my brother and my sister. He loves me. If
I love God, I will love my brothers and sisters.
Father who us are more
heaven they in can than

Happy. My father and mother are God's
children. They love
him, and he loves them. /'
Home.-Our home i ,
is a happy home. Our -' i
father and mother love r:l
their children, and love '
each other. Their V. ',
children love them, and
love one another.
Makes. -Love makes us happy. We love
God and one another; so he puts his love upon us.
No home can be happy without love. In
heaven all is love. If it were not so, heaven
would not be a happy place.
Happy each one them puts
without place other another makes
upon home would were


Adam. First. Woman. Eve.-Adam
was the first man, and Eve was the first woman.
Beautiful. Place. Made. Live.-God
made Adam and Eve, and made a beautiful place
for them to live in.
Very. Loved. -They were very happy;
for they loved God, and they loved each other.
All who love God are happy.
Garden. Eden. Trees. Flowers.-
This beautiful place was the Garden of Eden.
And Eden was like heaven. All was love, and
all was beautiful, the trees, the birds, the
Talked. Walked. -And God was in the
garden with them, and talked with them, and
walked with them.
Adam first live very like
Eve place loved garden trees
woman made beautiful Eden flowers
walked talked with birds

Adam and Eve were happy in Eden as long
as they loved God more than they loved to have
their own way.


They were glad to obey him. He knew
better than they did what was good for them,
and what would make
them happy.
But by and by bad
S' thoughts came into
,, their minds. Their
own way seemed bet-
'"""- ',": iJ ter to them than .God's
way. Then the love
of God went out of
them, and they did not obey him.
But they were not happy any more. They
were ashamed to see God, and when he came
into the garden, they hid among the trees.
Long obey would came ashamed
own knew minds seemed when
way better bad then among
have what thoughts went hid


All the way down, from the time when Adam
and Eve sinned in the Garden of Eden and had
to go out of it, men have been making them-
selves unhappy in the same way.
To disobey God is to sin. If no one had


ever sinned, then no one would ever have died.
If all who have ever lived had loved God
and one another, they would all have been happy.
If no one had ever sinned, there would be
no sickness, no sorrow, no graves.
What bad work sin has made! If we sin, it
will make sorrow for us.
Down time sinned been making
themselves ever sorrow died had
lived sickness graves work disobey


We have all gone wrong sometimes. We
have not always walked in the way that God
has marked out.
When we have gone in our own way, we
have made ourselves unhappy. We have let the
love of God go out and the love of self come in.
In all this we have shut out the God who
loves us. We have made our own sorrows.
We have to bear the sins of others, too; for
we would have to be sick and die, even if we
did not sin.
But God will forgive our sins. He will give
*us good thoughts. lie will help us to love him,
and to love one another. We must die, but we


shall live again; and in that life all will be
happiness, and love, and peace.
There we shall never sin, and never die. We
shall never be sick, and never be sad. We
shall be more and more happy forever and ever.
Gone marked bear help peace
wrong ourselves would must sad
sometimes self even shall never
always come give again forever


God loves men too well to leave them in sor-
row always. Sin leads to death, but men shall
live again.
God so loved men, even sinful men, that he
gave his own Son to
Sdie for them, so that
they could have a
new life after death.
i' Jesus, the Son of
God, was put to
death; but God
brought him to life
again, and took him to heaven.
God's children will take Jesus for their Sav-
iour. They will love him and obey him; and


the time will come when "all that are in their
graves shall come forth."
Then God will take his children to heaven,
and give them a home more beautiful than, the
Eden where Adam and Eve were so happy.
There they will see God. Jesus will be
there, and so will all the good people who have
ever lived.
There will be no sin there, and their joy will
never end.
Well death could Jesus took
where joy leave sinful new
Saviour see end there people
leads son after brought forth


In heaven Jesus, the Son of God, was above
all the angels. He was more beautiful than any
of them, and was next to his Father in honor
and glory.
But he was full of pity for the unhappy
children of men. He loved them, and was will-
ing to give up the glory of heaven, and come
to the earth.
God sent his Son to the earth in the form
of a child, a baby in his mother's arms. He


came to earth to show us how to obey God,-
how to live so as to do good in this life, and
be happy in the life to come.
He came as a child, so as to show children
how to live. He came like other children, and
grew up as other children do, only better and
He knew that bad men would not love him,
and that they would at last put him to death.
But his love for men is great, and he said to
his Father, "Lo, I come to do thy will."
Above glory willing pity baby
only great angels earth sent
arms wiser said honor next
full form grew last thy


When God sent his Son to the earth, he gave
him into the care of two good people who lived
in Nazareth.
Joseph and Mary worked hard for a living.
Their home was humble, but it was a happy one.
When Jesus came to them, they were in
Bethlehem. They had gone there on a journey.
There was no room for them in the inn, so they
had to stay in a place made for cattle.


They could be happy in any place; for they
loved God. They knew, too, that he loved them.
They knew that God
would give his Son
Jesus to them, to be '
cared for till he ,i-
should grow up.
They knew that '
God had a care for
them. -Ie sent an- ij .-. ","
gels to watch over I' I
them on their jour-
ney. Angels were with them in the humble
place where they slept.
God was not ashamed to give his Son to the
care of poor people. Hie was not ashamed to
have him born in a stable, and cradled in a
Nazareth hard journey stay over
poor cradled living Joseph Bethlehem
cattle watch slept stable manger
Mary room inn


On the very night when Jesus was born in
Bethlehem, good shepherds were watching their


flocks not far away. While they were watching,
they saw a company of angels. At first they
were afraid of the glory,- a glory bright as
the sun.
But an angel came near, and talked to them.
He told them to go to Bethlehem, where they
would find the Son of God, -a babe in a
Then the angels all sang praises to God, and
went away. It was good news that the angels
brought. Jesus, the Son of God, had come to
earth. He was then in Bethlehem. They could
go there and see him.
They were full of joy, and when they had
seen the child Jesus, they went away praising
God. They believed what the angels had said
to them, and told every one they met that they
had seen the Saviour of men.
Night far company news every
shepherds saw bright full met
born sun praises believed flocks
one went brought Saviour

God took good care that all should know that
the child Jesus was the Christ. He had his


prophets tell it in the temple, and he made it
known to the wise men of the East.
Bad men tried to
put the child to --
death. But God kept r I5 >-
him out of their
Jesus lived with J, ( 'J
Joseph and Mary in _- iJ
Nazareth. It was a '
beautiful place among the hills. There were
birds and brooks, trees and flowers. And above
all were the great rocks.
But the people of Nazareth were many of
them bad. They did not love God. They did
not care to obey him. But Jesus did not join
with them in their bad ways.
He helped Joseph and Mary at home. He
obeyed them in all things, though he knew what
a great work he would have to do by and by.
In everything, he showed how a good child
should live.
It was not hard for Jesus to do this; for
he loved every one, and love makes all things
Christ prophets temple East tried
kept power easy things hills
rocks great many helped obeyed



Jesus stayed with Joseph and Mary in Naza-
reth till he was thirty years old. The time had
then come for him to
S... go out and talk to the
i--, people.
'I .' ..,' .''' H is cousin John,
,',' who was a little older
S than Jesus, had been
,. L -- for some time telling
.-- __ the people to turn
away from their sins.
He taught them to love one another and to love
He told them that Jesus, the Christ, was
coming. Those that believed and obeyed were
baptized by John in the river Jordan.
One day Jesus came to be baptized. John
knew that Jesus had never sinned, and that he
did not need to be baptized. But Jesus would
set a good example for others, and so John bap-
tized him.
When Jesus came up out of the water, the
Holy Spirit came down in the form of a dove,
and rested upon him. The dove is an emblem
of love. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God,
and God is love. Jesus, like his Father, is also


love. He so loved men that he was willing to
give his life for them. He loves them just the
same now.
But this was not all. God spoke from
heaven, and said, "This is my beloved Son."
Thirty cousin telling Jordan Holy
years little taught need Spirit
old just baptized example emblem
till some river dove beloved


After Jesus was baptized, he went about do-
ing good. While he was at Cana, near Naza-
reth, a nobleman came to see him. He had
heard how Jesus had
healed many sick peo- "''I.-'
pie, and had done "'
many wonderful things., i
This nobleman had i'
a dear son at home, IS
who was sick and nigh
unto death.
The more they did -
for him, the worse he grew, until, as a last hope,
the father went in great haste for Jesus.


When the nobleman told what he had come
for, Jesus said to him, "Except ye see signs
and wonders, ye will not believe."
The man, in his distress, cried out, "Sir,
come down, ere my child die." And Jesus said
to him, "Go thy way; thy son liveth."
Without a word, the nobleman started for
home. His son was far away, but the father
believed that Jesus had made him well.
And as the nobleman believed, so it was.
The fever left the son at the very time when
Jesus said, "Go thy way; thy son liveth."
From that time, the nobleman and all that
were in his house believed that Jesus was the
Christ, the Son of God.
Nobleman nigh last signs fever
wonders near worse hope heard
about grew haste without healed
wonderful doing until except distress

Jesus walked from place to place, all the
time healing the sick and teaching the people.
As they heard of the things he did and the
words he spoke, they came from every way, to
see and hear so wonderful a man.


Sometimes the people were so many that he
had to have them stand on the shore of the
lake, while he went out a little way and taught
them from a boat.
It is likely that the boat was in a place
where the water makes up into land, and the
land comes around on each side so far that the
people at the ends would be about as near to
Jesus as those in the middle of the company.
In this way they could all hear him and see
him, but could not crowd upon him.
At one time he went up into a little moun-
tain in sight of a beautiful lake. The people
came in great numbers, and Jesus stood above
them, and talked to them a long time.
He told them many things that they had
never been taught before. They had always
thought that the rich and the proud were the
happy ones.
Jesus taught that humble people, who love
God and men, and who do not care for praise,
are the ones who are blessed and happy. He
said, "Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs
is the kingdom of heaven."
The poor in spirit are humble. They do not
think too highly of themselves. They do not
think that they are better than other people.
They are sorry for their sins,- sorry that they


do not love God more. They know that they
are poor and needy, -that they are lost with-
out a Saviour. They will come to Christ, and
he will lead them into his kingdom.
Teaching lake stood humble think
spoke little before blessed themselves
stand boat rich kingdom highly
shore numbers proud poor lead


SBlessed are they that mourn ; for they
shall be comforted."
If we mourn for our sins, we may be for-
given. If we mourn for friends, God can give
us others. If we mourn for losses, God may
give us something better. If we mourn for the
evil that is in the earth, we may still be com-
forted ; for this will all come to an end.
God's Holy Spirit is the great Comforter,
and God is always willing to give it. There is
no sorrow that the Spirit cannot soothe.
"Blessed are the meek; for they shall in-
herit the earth."
Yes; they will live on the earth after the
proud are all destroyed. If all men were meek,


there would be no strife, and no war. No one
would be trying to get the highest place.
Moses was the meekest man on earth. He
was not willing to be the leader of God's peo-
If all who believed on Jesus had been meek,
they would not have been talking about who
should be greatest in his kingdom.
Jesus knew how much all men need the les-
sons that he was teaching.
Mourn losses inherit war needed
evil trying lessons still comforted
meek highest forgiven soothe destroyed
friends Moses teaching strife Comforter


"Blessed are the merciful : for they shall
obtain mercy."
It is easy to forgive those we love. God
loves all men. So should we. Then we can
forgive all, and delight to show them mercy.
If we forgive not others, how can we hope
to be forgiven? We must love as God loves.
Then we have the spirit of forgiveness.
"Blessed are the pure in heart; for they
shall see God."


It is love that makes the heart pure. "Love
thinketh no evil." All bad deeds come from
bad thoughts. From pure thoughts come deeds
of mercy and love.
The pure in heart will see God in heaven.
They will also see him in his works on earth,
- in the sky and the sea, the trees and the
grass, the birds and the flowers, in rocks,
streams, mountains, and valleys. And every-
where they will see that God is love."
"Blessed are the peacemakers : for they shall
be called the children of God."
God is called a God of peace. Christ is
called the Prince of peace. To be a peace-
maker, then, is to be like God and Christ. To
be like them is to be a child of God And I
may be a child of God, -may be one of God's
family on earth, as well as in heaven!
"The wisdom that is from above is first
pure, then peaceable." Christ's gospel is called
the gospel of peace. Love and peace are among
the fruits of the Spirit. If the Spirit of God
is in us, we shall be peacemakers.

Hope called merciful grass prince
sea obtain forgiveness streams valleys
sky heart peaceable wisdom delight
fruits mercy peacemakers deeds family



Jesus taught that we should not love our
friends only, but our enemies also. That we
should pray for them, no matter how badly they
may use us.
Some thought this a hard thing to do. But
Jesus said, "If ye love them which love you,
what thank have ye ? for sinners also love those
that love them.
"And if ye do good to them which do good
to you, what thank have ye ? for sinners also
do even the same."
"But love ye your enemies, and do good,
and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your
reward shall be great, and ye shall be the chil-
dren of the Highest: for he is kind unto the
unthankful and to the evil.
"Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father
also is merciful."
It is not easy to love our enemies, till God
puts his love into our hearts. Then we cannot
help loving them, and it makes us happy to
do so.
And Jesus also said, "Judge not, and ye
shall not be judged : condemn not, and ye shall
not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be for-

Give, and it shall be given unto you; good
measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and
running over, shall men give into your bosom.
"For with the same measure that ye mete
withal it shall be measured to you again."
Enemies lend measure running matter
therefore help nothing pressed bosom
unthankful judge which reward shaken
condemn again withal together thank


"A new commandment I give unto you,
That ye love one another; as I have loved you,
that ye also love one another. By this shall
all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye
have love one to another." John 13 : 34, 35.
Beloved, let us love one another: for love
is of God; and every one that loveth is born
of God, and knoweth God. He that loveth not,
knoweth not God; for God is love.
"In this was manifested the love of God
toward us, because that God sent his only be-
gotten Son into the world, that we might live
through him." "Beloved, if God so loved us,
we ought also to love one another."
"We know that we have passed from death


unto life, because we love the brethren. He
that loveth not his brother abideth in death."
"Hereby perceive we the love of God, be-
cause he laid down his life for us: and we
ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.
"But whoso hath this world's good, and
seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his
bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth
the love of God in him ?
My little children, let us not love in word,
neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth."
"There is no fear in love.; but perfect love
casteth out fear. .. He that feareth is not
made perfect in love." And this command-
ment have we of him, That he who loveth God
love his brother also." 1 John 4 :18, 21.
We have this commandment also,- "That
we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus
Christ, and love one another."
Love is the first fruit of the Spirit; and if we
have not love, we have not the Spirit of God,
and are not his children. Faith is the fruit of
the Spirit, and works by love.
Commandment disciples begotten abideth
manifested dwelleth shutteth bowels
compassion brethren perceive neither
because beloved tongue perfect
casteth toward name serve


,II t1o f

BIjD5 -,

ii -




TExr.- "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth."
Genesis I : I.

OUR God is a great God. His ways are past find-
ing out. He made all things; and Christ our Saviour
was with his Father in all his wonderful work.
So we read of Christ in God's holy book, that
"all things were made by him; and without him was
not anything made that was made."
God and Christ are one. They have the same
mind. They do the same work. They work together
now. They worked together in making the worlds.
God made this earth where we now live. It seems
strange to think there was a time, thousands of years
ago, when this earth was nowhere to be found; but so
it was.
When men make things, they have to have tools
to work with. They have to make things little by
little, working at them a long time before they are
It was not so with God when he made this earth.
" He spake, and it was done. He commanded, and it
stood fast."
At first, the earth was covered with water, and
darkness rested upon it everywhere. Nothing could
live on it as it was then. So God went to work to
make it a beautiful and happy home for man.


On the FIRST day the Lord made light. And
God called the light Day, and the darkness he called
On the SECOND day he made the air we breathe,
and in which the birds fly.
On the THIRD day he made the land, seas, and
rivers, and the grass, flowers, and trees.
On the FOURTH day he made the sun, moon,
and stars, to give light to the earth by day and night.
On the FIFTH day he made the fish that swim in
the water, and the birds that fly in the air.
On the SIXTH day he made man and all the ani-
mals that live on the land. And he gave them for
food the grain of the fields, the fruit of the trees, and
the vegetables of the garden.
On the SEVENTH day God rested from all the
work which he had made." And God saw every-
thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good."
God created the earth, and everything that lives
and grows on it, in six days. He rested the Seventh
day, and looked over the work he had finished. Then
he blessed it and made it his holy Sabbath.
When the Sabbath comes, he wants us to stop our
work and play, and look at the beautiful things that
are around us, and remember that he made them
for us.
And when we are in danger of forgetting the
Sabbath, let us read Exodus 20: 8-1u, which tells us
when and why he made it.

The Confusion of Tongues.

Txir.- Let us build us a city, and a tower whose top may reach unto
heaven; and let us make us a name." Genesis 1 : 4.

FOR more than two thousand years there was but
one language on the earth. No matter where one
might go, he found the people telling their thoughts
in the same words.
Once the people had gone so far from God and
his ways, that a great flood of water rolled over the
earth and drowned them nearly all.
Noah was a good man; and God saved him and
his family in the ark. God told Noah what was going
to happen, and showed him how to build the ark.
For years, Noah warned the people that if they
did not leave their bad ways and turn to God, they
would be swept away and drowned by a flood. But
they would not believe his words, and went on from
bad to worse.
After the flood, there were only eight persons left
alive,- four men and four women. But in course of
time these eight had become a multitude.
Little by little they had forgotten the good teach-
ings of Noah. They took their own way, and so grew
proud and wicked.
They wanted to make themselves a great name;
and so they planned to build a mighty tower, that, as
they said, should reach unto heaven.
L 41 ]

oil I
....~.i..~- ~.:~T .

1-4 1

4] r TOWER op BABEL.



They chose a beautiful plain by the side of a
river, in the land of Shinar, and there they went to
making bricks for a city and a tower.
They builded and builded; and year by year the
tower grew higher, and the city grew larger. In this
way the work went on for a long time.
At last, God thought the time had come to check
their pride. So he sent his angels to confuse their
speech. All at once they found that they could not
understand one another. When the men who had
charge of the work gave orders, no one could make
out what they wanted.
Of course the work could not go on in this way,
and it had to be given up. From that time to this,
there have been different languages in the world, and
the people of one country cannot understand the
speech of those who belong to other countries.
These people knew that they were not living as
God would have them live. They knew that they
were selfish, and proud, and wicked, and were afraid
that God might destroy them as he destroyed the
people before the flood.
How foolish it was of them to think that they
could save themselves by building a tower so high
that the waters of a flood could not cover it I
By trying to do this, they showed that they did
not believe God; for he had promised never to destroy
the earth by a flood again. So it is that foolishness
and unbelief go together.

The Favorite Son.

TEX.- Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because
he was the son of his old age; and he made him a coat of many colors."
Genesis 37: 3.

INOAH was a man chosen of God to teach the truth
to the world. He lived after the flood three hundred
and fifty years. He was alive when the tower and
city of Babel were building, and many, many years
Now God always has some one on the earth to
bear witness to the truth,- to teach people how to live
happily here, and gain a home in heaven hereafter.
So after Noah died, the Lord raised up another man to
bear the light of love and truth to the world.
Two years after the death of Noah, Abraham was
born. As he grew to be a man, the Lord gave him
much wisdom. He also was faithful in all things.
The Lord could trust him to do just as he told him
to do.
To Abraham, the Lord showed things that were to
come to pass many years afterward. He made him
precious promises. He said he would bless him, and
bless his children, his children's children, and so on,
till at last Christ, the Saviour of the world, should
come in the line of his family.
Abraham had a dear son, called Isaac, who was
faithful, like his father. He was so good a man that


the Bible says nothing against him. Now Isaac had
two sons; but they could not agree, and one of them,
Jacob, had to go far from home and stay there many
years.. When he came back, he had twelve sons.
These sons had different mothers, and did not
always agree so well as brothers should. As they
came to be men, they were often unkind to their father,
and took their own way instead of obeying him. The
more they did wrong, the more hard-hearted they
grew to be.
But the two younger sons, Joseph and Benjamin,
had a kinder nature. They loved their father, and
felt sorry when their older brothers were rude to him.
Josepl had a remarkable mind, and while he was
quite a lad, the Lord gave him dreams that seemed to
show that he was to be a great man.
The Lord had chosen him for a great work, not
because he was partial to Joseph, but because he knew
that he would be faithful and true.
Jacob loved Joseph because he was a son of his
old age and of his beloved wife Rachel. He also
loved him because he was so kind and obedient.
But the more that Jacob loved Joseph, the. more
his brothers hated him; for they were very jealous.
But when he told his dreams, their hatred became so
great that some of them wanted to kill him. And they
said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign over us ? "
Even his father could hardly have faith in his
second dream, where he saw the sun, moon, and stars

~~-~ .. . .--I . -


E46 ]


bow down to him. He said to Joseph, Shall I and
thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow
down ourselves to thee to the earth ? "
They looked upon Joseph as but a boy, and could
not see why the Lord had chosen him, instead of his
older brothers, who were some of them powerful men.
But the Lord sees not as man sees. He can look into
the heart and understand all its workings.
Jacob and his sons had many cattle, and they had
to be watched, and taken from one part of the country
to another to find grass; for the fields were not fenced
off into pastures.
At one time Jacob had not heard from his sons
for a number of days, and so he sent Joseph to look
them up, and bring him word how they were. When
they saw him coming, they said to one another, Be-
hold, this dreamer cometh; and they laid plans to
kill him.
At first they cast him into a pit, but afterward
they took him out, and sold him to some merchant-
men who were going to Egypt.
Then they dipped his coat in the blood of a kid,
and took it to his father, saying, "This have we
found: know now whether it be thy son's coat or no.
And he knew it, and said, It is my son's coat;
an evil beast hath devoured him; Joseph is without
doubt rent in pieces. And Jacob rent his clothes,
and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for
his son many days."

tj 4"." II :I1IT i

MU if -

'I Iii
-t ;r -'

Faithfulness Rewarded.
TSxT.- "But the Lord was with Joseph, and showed him mercy, and
gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the prison." Genesis 39 : 21.

NlOW the men who bought Joseph of his brethren,
sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, the captain of the
king's guard. And his master saw that the Lord
was with him, and that the Lord made all that he did
to prosper in his hand."
So Potiphar made Joseph overseer of his house,
and put all he had into Joseph's hands to be cared
for. And the Lord blessed Potiphar's house for Jo-
seph's sake. And the blessing of the Lord was
upon all that he had in the house, and in the field."
But Potiphar's wife told a wicked lie about Joseph,
and so got him put in prison. Yet the Lord blessed
Joseph, even there. The keeper of the prison, seeing
how just and wise he was, let him go freely about the
prison, helping to take care of the other prisoners.
Now there were two of the king's officers in the
prison, and they were troubled about some dreams
they had had. And Joseph said, Tell them to me;
perhaps the Lord will show me their meaning.
When they had told their dreams, Joseph said
that the king was going to hang one of the men, and
set the other one free. And it happened just as Joseph
had said.
4 [49]


Two years after this, the king had a strange
dream, and none of the wise men of his kingdom could
tell its meaning. Now the king's chief butler, the
man who had been in prison with Joseph, and had been
set free, told the king about Joseph.
When Joseph had been sent for, and brought be-
fore the king, he told the king that it was the Lord
who had given him his dream, and that it was the
Lord who would show its meaning.
He said there were to be seven years of plenty,
and then seven years of famine. In the first seven
years the land would bring forth grain abundantly,
and a part of it must be laid by for the seven years of
famine; for in those years nothing would grow.
So the king set Joseph as first ruler over all the
land of Egypt, and had him store up the corn for
seven years.
And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand,
and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in
vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his
neck; and he made him to ride in the second chariot
which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the
knee: and he made him ruler over all the land of
When the famine came on, it was in other coun-
tries, as well as in Egypt, and Joseph's ten brothers
came to Egypt to buy corn. Now every one who
bought corn had to come to Joseph. When his broth
ers came, he knew them, but they knew not him.


So he acted as though they were enemies, and put
them in prison as spies. How they must have felt!
Their wives and children were at home with very little
food, and no one to get them any more.
These cruel brothers began to think that God was
going to punish them for their sin in selling Joseph.
They said, "We are verily guilty concerning our
brother; .therefore is this distress come upon us."
But Joseph was sorry for them, and felt afraid
that those they had left behind might suffer. So after
he had kept them in ward three days, he set them all
free but one, gave them as much corn as they could
carry, and started them on their way home.
One of them he kept till they should bring down
Benjamin, to prove that they had told him the truth;
for he had questioned them very closely about their
So they went with their corn, and when it was
nearly eaten up, Jacob wanted them to go to Egypt
for more; but they said it would be of no use to go
without Benjamin; for the man had told them plainly
that they could not see his face again unless they
brought their younger brother with them.
Then Jacob was in great distress. Joseph was
not, Simeon was a prisoner in Egypt, and now he was
afraid of losing Benjamin, his youngest. But at last
he gave his consent, and they went on their way, tak-
ing with them money for their corn, and a present
for Joseph.

F-- --: ~~~~~~ :-_ = _

....... ~ ~ ~ ~ .... ...._. '-:p -- :
- --- ..

i~i~ri~~S j ~ ~ M iP



Joseph's Dream Fulfilled.

TExT.-- "And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph's house; for he
was yet there; and they fell before him on the ground." Genesis 44 :14.

TND when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said
to the ruler of his house, Bring these men home, and
slay, and make ready; for these men shall dine with
me at noon."
But the brothers were afraid to be brought into
Joseph's house. They had been accused of being
spies when they came' there before, and thought it
likely that something would be brought against
them now.
Now the money they paid for corn when they
came there the first time, had been put back into
their corn sacks with the corn, and they were afraid
they might be charged with stealing it.
So they told the steward of Joseph's house that
they had brought that money back, besides money
enough to buy more corn. And the man said, "Peace
be to you, fear not; your God, and the God of your
father, hath given you treasure in your sacks: I had
your money. And he brought Simeon out unto
"And when Joseph came home, they brought
him the present which was in their hand into the
house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth.
And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is your
[ 53 1


father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is he
yet alive?"
And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother
Benjamin, his mother's son, and said, Is this your
younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me? and he
said, God be gracious unto thee, my son."
Then he went away from them, and shut himself
up in his own chamber and wept. But afterward he
washed his face, and came out to them, and treated
them kindly. A great dinner was prepared for them,
and Joseph himself went in, and waited on them.
"And he commanded the steward of his house,
saying, Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as
they can carry, and put every man's money in his
sack's mouth.
And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack's
mouth of the youngest, and his corn money. And he
did according to the word that Joseph had spoken.
As soon as the morning was light, the men
were sent away, they and their asses. And when
they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off,
Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the
men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto
them: -
"Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good?
Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby
indeed he divineth? Ye have done evil in so doing.
And he overtook them, and he spake unto them these
same words."


They told him that they knew nothing about the
cup. They would not steal, especially from one who
had been so kind to them. If they were not honest
men, they would not have brought back the money
they found in their sacks when they got home from
their first journey.
Finally, they told him to search, and see if they
had stolen anything. They said that if he found that
any of them had stolen the cup, the one who had done
the deed should die, and all the rest of them would be
Joseph's bond servants.
Then every man's sack was searched, and in
Benjamin's sack they found the cup, just where it had
been put; but Benjamin did not know it was there.
" Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man
his ass, and returned to the city.
And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph's
house; for he was yet there; and they fell before him
on the ground. And Joseph said unto them, What
deed is this that ye have done ? wot ye not that such
a man as I can certainly divine ?
"And Judah said, What shall we say unto my
lord ? What shall we speak? or how shall we clear
ourselves ? God hath found out the iniquity of thy
servants. Behold, we are my lord's servants, both we,
and he also with whom the cup is found."
Joseph would not consent to this. He would keep
only the one in whose sack the cup had been found.
The others must hurry home with their corn.




Brotherly Love Restored.
"TIxT.- Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them;
and after that his brethren talked with him." Genesis 45 :15.

THEN Judah stepped up close to Joseph, and said,
" my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a
word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn
against thy servant; for thou art even as Pharaoh.
My lord asked his servants, saying, Have ye a
father, or a brother? And we said unto my lord, We
have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a
little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left
of his mother, and his father loveth him.
"And thou saidst unto thy servants, Bring him
down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him.
And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave his
father; for if he should leave his father, his father
would die.
And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except your
youngest brother come down with you, ye shall see
my face no more. And it came to pass when we came
up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words
of my lord.
"And our father said, Go again, and buy us a
little food. And we said, We cannot go down; if our
youngest brother be with us, then will we. go down;
for we may not see the man's face, except our young-
est brother be with us.
S57 ]


"And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye
know that my wife bare me two sons; and the one
went out from me, and I said, surely he is torn in
pieces; and I saw him not since; and if ye take this
also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring
down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.
"Now therefore when I come to thy servant my
father, and the lad be not with us, seeing that his life
is bound up in the lad's life; it shall come to pass,
when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will
die; and thy servant shall bring down the gray hairs
of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave.
For thy servant became surety for the lad unto
my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I
shall bear the blame to my father forever.
"Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide
instead of the lad a bondman to my Lord; and let
the lad go up with his brethren.
For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad
be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that
shall come on my father.
Then Joseph could not refrain himself before
all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every
man to go out from me. And there stood no man
with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his
"And he wept aloud; and the Egyptians and the
house of Pharaoh heard. And Joseph said unto his
brethren, I am Joseph; doth my father yet live? And


his brethren could not answer him; for they were
troubled at his presence."
But Joseph had forgiven them for all the wrong
they had done him. His heart yearned toward them
with a brother's love; and he said, Come near to me,
I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I am
Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt.
"Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with
yourselves, that ye sold me hither; for God did send
me before you to preserve life."
He told them that God had made him a father to
Pharaoh and lord over his house. He had also made
him ruler over Egypt, and given him power to save up
the corn, so that the family that God had chosen
should be kept alive. He said:-
Haste ye, and- go up to my father, and say unto
him, Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me
lord of all Egypt; come down unto me, tarry not.
"And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen,
and thou shalt be near unto me, thou, and thy chil-
dren, and thy children's children; and thy flocks, and
thy herds, and all that thou hast; and there will I
nourish thee; for yet there are five years of famine."
After this, he fell upon his brother Benjamin's
neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck.
Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon
them; and after that his brethren talked with him."
When Pharaoh, the king, heard that these men
were Joseph's brothers, he was very kind to them, and


sent wagons to bring their father, their wives, and
their children to Egypt.
At first, Jacob could not believe the good news
that Joseph was living; but when they told him all
that Joseph had said, and he saw the wagons that
Joseph had sent, he said, It is enough; Joseph my
son is yet alive; I will go and see him before I die."
The Lord appeared to Jacob in a vision, and told
him not to be afraid to go to Egypt to live; for he
would make of him a great nation there, and in time
would bring them back to Canaan, as he had prom-
ised Abraham.
So they went into Egypt, seventy persons. About
two hundred years afterward, when they went up out
of that land, .they were more than six hundred thou-
sand men, besides women and children.
But in these two hundred years many hard trials
came upon the children of Israel. While Joseph
lived, all went well with them. After that, there was
a new king, who did not care for what Joseph had
done, and was not friendly to the Israelites.
He made slaves of them, and they had to work
very hard. He kept on making their work harder
and harder till it was more than they could do, no
matter how hard they tried. Then he ordered that all
the male children should be drowned in the river.
But the same God that cared for Joseph remem-
bered them, and in due time raised up Moses, a great
leader, and set them free.

Water from the Rock.

TExt.- "And thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water
out of it, that the people may drink." Exodus 17 :6.

IT was a weary journey,- that journey from Egypt
to Canaan, with that vast multitude of people, their
children, their cattle, and such earthly goods as they
could carry
There were many dangers to meet on the way;
but God had promised to go before them, and prepare
a way for them.
At Rephidim there was no water. Without wait-
ing to see what the Lord would do, the angry people
cried out to Moses, Give us water, that we may drink."
They seemed to think it was Moses who was pro-
viding for them: This was wrong. Moses could not
do any miracles unless the Lord should direct, him.
So Moses said, "Why chide ye with me? wherefore
do ye tempt the Lord?"
At last they grew very bitter, and said to Moses,
"Wherefore is this, that thou hast brought us up out
of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle
with thirst ? "
These people had been slaves in Egypt for many
years, and had suffered things that were hard to bear.
The Lord had sent Moses to get them away from the
cruel treatment of a wicked king. And now they
[61 ]

\ 1 6:






accused him of bringing them out into that desert
place to kill them and their children.
Moses loved these people with a great love,-
almost as God himself loved them,-and he was in
great distress when he heard them talk as they did.
He felt more sorry for them than for himself; for he
knew that they were committing a great sin.
He had nowhere else to go; so he cried to the
Lord, saying, "What shall I do unto this people?
they be almost ready to stone me.
And the Lord said unto Moses, Go on before the
people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and
thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in
thine hand, and go.
"Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the
rock in Horeb;. and thou shalt smite the rock, and
there shall come water out of it, that the people may
drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders
of Israel."
What a sight it must have been to see so great a
multitude crowding to the stream to quench their
thirst at this water from the rock
This rock is an emblem of Christ. The water is
the water of life," that he will give to all who thirst
for it. It is the well-spring of love, faith, and hope.
Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the
waters." "If any man thirst, let him come unto me,
and drink." '' And whosoever will, let him take the
water of life freely."


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Bread from Heaven.

TEXT.-"I will rain bread from heaven for you." Exodus 16:4.

VA EN the Israelites left Egypt, they left in great
haste. It was on the night of the passover, when
each family had killed a lamb, and eaten it with
their garments on, staff in hand, and everything
ready to start on their journey.
At midnight came the cry that the first-born had
died in every house of the Egyptians. Then the
Egyptians hurried Moses and his people out of the
land. They would not let the Israelites stay till
morning; for, said they, "We be all dead men."
There was not time to raise and bake bread for
the journey; so they took dough in their kneading
dishes, wrapped it in some of their clothes, and carried
it on their shoulders. This dough they must have
baked in a very rude way, at night, as they journeyed.
This bread could not have tasted very well; but
it was better than none; and when it was all gone,
they knew not what to do. At last, when they had
been journeying about a month, they thought they
should starve if they had to go without bread any
So they began to cry out all over the camp that
Moses and Aaron had brought them out there into
5 [ 65


that barren country to kill them with hunger. They
thought more of having something good to eat, than
they did of getting free from the cruel Egyptians, or
of pleasing the Lord, who was leading them out.
In their distress they said, "Would to God we
had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of
Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we
did eat bread to the full."
And che Lord spake unto Moses, saying, I have
heard the i turmurings of the children of Israel: speak
unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in
the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye
shall know that I am the Lord your God.
And it mame to pass, that at even the quails came
up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the
dew lay round about the host. And when the dew
that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the
wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small
as the hoar frost on the ground."
"And Moses said unto them, This is the bread
which the Lord hath given you to eat."
On the morning of the sixth day they were to
gather twice as much as on other mornings; and on
the morning of the seventh day no manna was to be
On other days, if any manna was left over, it
spoiled, but on the seventh day it kept good. In this
way the Lord marked the true seventh-day Sabbath.
that he had sanctified at the creation.

Elijah and the Priests of Baal.

TExT.- How long halt ye between two opinions? if the Lord be
God, follow him: if Baal, then follow him." I Kings 8 : 21.

T one time there was a wicked king in Israel by
the name of Ahab. Most of the people followed the
ways of king Ahab; and the worship of idols became
more common than the worship of God.
So Elijah, the prophet of the Lord, said to Ahab,
"As the Lord God of Israel liveth, before whom I
stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years,
but according to my word."
For three years and a half there was no rain in
Israel. Ahab was very angry that the Lord hid Elijah
for the greater part of this time.
Finally, Elijah told Ahab to gather all the
prophets of Baal together on Mount Carmel.
"And Elijah came unto all the people, and said,
How long halt ye between two opinions ? if the Lord
be God, follow him; but if Baal, then follow him.
And the people answered him not a word.
"Then said Elijah unto the people, I, even I
only, remain a prophet of the Lord; but Baal's
prophets are four hundred and fifty men.
"Let them therefore give us two bullocks; and
let them choose one bullock for themselves, and cut it
C 67



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in pieces, and lay it on wood, and put no fire rnder:'
and I will dress the other bullock, and lay it on wood,
and put no fire under:
"And call ye on the name of your gods, and I will
call on the name of the Lord: and the God that
answereth by fire, let him be God. And all the
people answered and said, It is well spoken."
So the prophets of Baal chose their bullock, and
did with him as Elijah had said. Then- they called
upon the name of Baal from morning till noon, say-
ing, O Baal, hear us But no voice answered.
Then they leaped upon the altar, and cut them-
selves with knives till the blood gushed out upon
them. In this way they went on till nearly night,
but no fire kindled on the altar.
Then Elijah built an altar of twelve great stones,
and laid the wood and the bullock upon it. When all
was ready, he had the people pour twelve barrels of
water on the altar; so that the wood was drenched,
and the trench around the altar was filled with water.
Then Elijah called on the name of the Lord, say-
ing, Hear me, O Lord, hear me, that this people
may know that thou art the Lord God."
Then the fire of the Lord fell, and consumed the
burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the
dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench.
And when all the people saw it, they fell on
their faces: and they said, The Lord, he is the God;
the Lord, he is the God."



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The Handwriting on the Wall.

TEXT.-- In the same hour came forth fingers' of a man's hand, and
wrote . upon the plaster of the wall of the king's palace." Daniel
5 5.

I" ELSHAZZAR, king of Babylon, made a feast,
and invited all the great men of his kingdom to come
to it.
They ate and drank in great glee, and when the
king's head was turned with wine, he commanded to
bring in the holy vessels which had been stolen from
the temple at Jerusalem.
Now these vessels had been made holy to the Lord,
and were not to be used, except by the priests in the
Belshazzar knew this very well, but he had become
proud, and meant to show contempt to the God of
heaven. So he, and his lords, and his wives drank
wine out of these vessels.
But in the midst of their joy, there appeared the
fingers of a man's hand, writing something on the wall
in front of the king. The king saw the part of the
hand that wrote, and began to shake with fear.
He called in all his wise men, but none of them
could read the writing or tell its meaning. Just then
the queen came in, and by her advice Belshazzar sent
for Daniel, who had been brought from Jerusalem by
the king's grandfather.


Daniel promised to read the writing, but before
beginning to read, he told how God had taught the
king's grandfather to be humble, and to know that the
most high God can rule the kingdoms of this earth,
and give them to whom he will. Then he said,-
And thou his son, 0 Belshazzar, hast not hum-
bled thine heart, though thou knewest all this; but hast
lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they
have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and
thou, and thy -lords, thy wives, and thy concubines,
have drunk wine in them;
And thou hast praised the gods of silver, and
gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor
hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath
is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glori-
fled: then was the part of the hand sent from him; and
this writing was written."
Then Daniel read the writing, and told what it
meant. It was in three parts, and this is the mean-
God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished
Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found
"Thy kingdom is divided and given to the Medes
and Persians."
The king had little time to repent; for, In that
night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.
And Darius the Median took the kingdom."

The Three Hebrews and the Fiery Furnace.
TExT.- Be it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy
gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up." Daniel 3 18.

W HEN Daniel was taken as a prisoner to Babylon,
there were taken with him three others, who were his
special friends. These men loved the Lord so well,
and served him so truly, that it was safe to give them
great wisdom. And the king of Babylon, seeing how
wise they were, made them rulers in his kingdom, and
gave them new names.
The king and people of Babylon did not serve the
true God, but made images, and worshiped them.
Could such gods help one in trouble? Could they
forgive sins, and make the heart pure ? But the king
wanted to show his power; and so he made a great
image of gold, almost a hundred feet high, and then
set a day when all his rulers and captains must come
and worship it.
When the day came, the king had a band of music
ready, near the image, and not far off was a great fiery
furnace. Then his herald cried with a loud voice, and
told all the people who had come together at the king's
command, that when they heard the band of music
begin to play, they must all fall down and worship the
image. And if they did not do so. they were to be
thrown into the furnace of fire, and burned to death.
[ 73


[ 74




When all the people had come together, the king
commanded the band to play; and when the people
heard it, they fell down and worshiped the image.
But God had said that men must not worship any
image, nor any god but the God who made the earth,
and whose home is in heaven. If you would like to
read where ,he says this in the Bible, you will find it
in Exodus 20:4, 5.
Now Daniel's three friends could not disobey their
God by worshiping this image, no matter who might
order it. They would rather die than turn against the
God of heaven.
Now there were some among the king's great men
who hated all Jews, and Daniel's three friends more
than others because the king had such respect for their
wisdom, and had given them a high place in his
So they came to the king, and told him that there
were Jews who would not obey him,- who would not
worship the image. Among these Jews were Daniel's
three friends, whom the king had set over the affairs of
Babylon. Their accusers said, "These men, O king,
have not regarded thee: they serve not thy gods, nor
worship the golden image which thou hast set up."
When the king heard this, he was angry, and sent
for the men who would not obey him. When they
had come before him, he said to them,
"Now if ye be ready at what time ye hear the
sound of the comet, flute, harp, sackbut, and all

-. -------



ANII .II., ./,



kinds of music, ye fall down and worship the image
which I have made, well; but if ye worship not, ye
shall be cast the same hour into the midst of a burn-
ing fiery furnace; and who is that God that shall
deliver you out of my hands? "
The king thought there could not be a god strong
enough to save them from harm in such a place as that.
But Daniel's friends knew that the God of heaven could
save them if that was the best thing to do. If he did
not think it best, they were willing to die.
They did not have to wait to think what to do.
They said, "We are not careful to answer thee in this
matter. If it be so, our God whom we serve is able to
deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and he will
deliver us out of thine hand, 0 king.
"But if not, be it known unto thee, 0 king, that
we will not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden
image which thou hast set up."
Then the king was full of fury, and told his men
to heat the furnace seven times hotter than it was wont
to be heated. When this had been done, the most
mighty men of the king's army were called upon to
cast these three peace-loving men into the furnace.
They did their work, but it was the last they ever
did; for the fire was so hot that it burned them to death.
As the king was looking into the furnace,'he was
much troubled, and rose up in haste, and said, "Did
not we cast three men bound into the midst of the
fire ? And they said, "True, 0 king.


"He answered and said, Lo, I see four men
loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have
no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of
Then the king went as near as he could to the
mouth of the furnace, and said, "Ye servants of the
most high God, come forth, and come hither." And
they came forth from the midst of the fire.
Then the princes, and all the king's great men,
saw these men, "upon whose bodies the fire had no
power, nor was an hair of their head singed, neither
were their coats changed, nor the smell of fire had
passed on them."
Then the king had to own that there is no God
like the God that Daniel and his friends worshiped.
The people of Babylon thought that Daniel's God was
only one among others. The Lord meant to show
them that there is but one God, and that he has all
power to make or destroy.
Now there were present at that time men from
many countries, who would go home, and tell what
they had seen; and in that way many people would
learn about the God who rules over all.
But if Daniel's three friends had not been true, if
they had been afraid to displease the king, and had
tried to save their lives by bowing down to the image
of gold, then we would not have had this wonderful
story to tell.

The Birth of Jesus.

TExT.- Behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be
to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour,
which is Christ the Lord." Luke 2 :0o, II.

YEARS and years ago, there came to this earth, the
most beautiful babe the sun ever shone upon. Mary,
his mother, called him Jesus, as God had told her
to do.
About this time there were wise men living in the
East, hundreds of miles from the place where Jesus
was born. These men had studied the Word of God,
and learned that it was time for the coming of Eman-
uel, which means God with us."
These wise men were not Jews, but they believed
in God, and loved him, and praised him as they saw
his wonderful works,- the sun, the moon, the stars,
and this beautiful earth.
One night, as these men were watching the
heavens, they saw a star that they had never seen
before. Was this not the sign that they had been
looking for?- the star that would lead them to the
birthplace of Emanuel.
With joy they went toward the star. But it kept
always moving on as they followed.
When they came to Jerusalem, they went to the
king, and said, Where is he that is born king of the
Jews: for we have seen his star in the east, and are
[ 79]

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come to worship him." But the king could not tell.
He had not been looking for the Saviour, and had
not studied the Word of God to see where he was to
be born.
So he called all the chief priests and scribes, for
these men were supposed to know all about the Scrip-
tures,- and asked them where Christ should be born.
And they said, "In Bethlehem of Judea."
Then he talked with the wise men again, and
asked them when they first saw the star. He told
them to go to Bethlehem, and when they had found
the child, to bring him word, that he might go and
worship him too.
As they came out from before the king, lo, shining
brightly in the sky, was the star that had guided them
all the way from the East to Jerusalem. How glad,
and how encouraged, they were, when they saw it.
And so, following the star, they came to a place
where it stood still, over a stable; and they, wondering
much, went in. And what did they see? Why there,
cuddled up so cozy and warm, in a manger, lay the
babe, with his mother watching beside him.
And were not their hearts filled with joy ? Did
they not praise God that his promise, made so long
ago, was now fulfilled? Yes, indeed. They fell on
their knees before the infant Jesus, and worshiped him.
Then they opened their packs, and gave precious
gifts of gold, and costly myrrh, and thanked the Lord
again and again for the privilege of seeing Jesus.


-- -
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_-- .-_ 82----- _-.- -- F-



Tired with their journey, they sought rest; and
that night the Lord gave them a dream, telling them
not to go back to Jerusalem, but to ko home by an-
other road.
The Lord knew that the king at Jerusalem would
try to kill Jesus if he could find him, thinking that he
was to be an earthly king, and take king Herod's
place. But Jesus was to rule only in the heart, and
that by love.
So the wise men went back to their home ini the
East without seeing the king again. When Herod
found out about this, he was angry, and sent his
soldiers to kill all the chilVren in Bethlehem under
two years of age.
In that way the king thought to kill the infant
Jesus; but a power greater than Herod's was guarding
this babe; and God told Joseph in a dream to flee to
Egypt with the young child and his mother.
And so all the little children of Bethlehem had to
die a cruel death by the hand of the rough soldiers;
but Jesus was safe with his mother, far on the
journey to Egypt.
But by and by Herod died. Then the Lord told
Joseph and Mary to go back to the land of Israel. In
a dream he showed them that they were to go to
Nazareth; and there, in that quiet little town among
the hills, Jesus lived and worked till he became a man,


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Jesus and the Doctors in the Temple.

TExT.--" They found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the
doctors, both hearing them and asking them questions." Luke 2 :46.

ONCE a year all the people went up to Jerusalem to
what was called the feast of the passover. It was not
in any sense what we would call a feast now. True,
they ate the passover supper; but each family ate by
itself, and in the most solemn manner.
This feast was to keep in mind how the Lord had
passed over the houses of the Israelites when the first
born of every Egyptian family was found dead at mid-
Each family killed a lamb, and ate it, with loins
girded and staff in hand, just as it was done so many
years before in Egypt; and the parents were to tell
the children what it all meant.
When Jesus was twelve years old, Joseph and
Mary took him with them to the feast of the passover.
Jesus knew very well that the passover lamb pointed
to himself as the Saviour of the world. We can think
what his feelings must have been, as he saw the inno-
cent lamb killed and eaten.
When the feast was over, his parents went along
with those who were going home by the same road as
themselves. They did not see Jesus; but they
thought he must be somewhere in the company, and
were not anxious about him.


They no doubt found many friends to visit with,
and had a pleasant day. But when night came, and
Jesus was nowhere to be found, they were much
The next morning they started on their way back
to Jerusalem. The way seemed lonely. They remem-
bered how Herod had tried to take the life of Jesus
when he was a little child. They knew that the
priests were not friendly, and their hearts ached with
fear as they went along.
They began to think how careless they had been.
And was their dear son really stolen from them? Had
the priests hired robbers to snatch him away, as they
went carelessly along? How would they answer to
God for being so unfaithful?
But they found no trace of him on the way, and it
was not until the third day that they found him in
Jerusalem. He was not in any out-of-the-way place,
but in the temple, talking with the most learned men
of the nation, hearing them, and asking them questions.
" And all that heard him were astonished at his under-
standing and answers.
"And when they saw him, they were amazed;
and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou
thus dealt with us2 behold, thy father and I have
sought thee sorrowing.
And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought
me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's
business ?"

Turning Water into Wine.

TEXT.- "Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And
they filled them up to the brim." John 2 : 7.

J'SUS lived in Nazareth till he was about thirty
years old. At last the time had come for him to begin
his great work of teaching the people.
They had wrong notions; for many of the priests
who had been teaching them were selfish men, and did
not know the ways of God very well themselves.
Before Jesus began to preach, he went to the river
Jordan to be baptized. When he came up out of the
water, a dove came down, in sight of all the people, and
rested on him. At the same time a voice from heaven
said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well
The dove, an emblem of love, represented the
Holy Spirit. It showed that God put his Spirit upon
Jesus. It was always with him, and guided him in
every thing he did. God is willing to give us the
same Spirit to lead us; and while we are led by the
Spirit of God, we shall not go wrong.
It was John, who baptized Jesus; and he baptized
a great many others besides. He was a man of God,
and had been preaching good things to the people.
He had been telling them that Christ, the Messiah,
would soon appear.
[ 87

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One day, when John saw Jesus coming, he said,
" Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin
of the world." Two of John's disciples who heard him
say this, went to Jesus and talked with him. Then
they went to their friends, and told them that they
had found the Christ. To others, Jesus said, Follow
me," and they did so.
In this way a few good men were gathered about
Jesus. They believed him to be the Saviour, and fol-
lowed him everywhere he went. They tried to remem-
ber all that he said; and the more they heard, and
the longer they were with him, the more sure they
were that he was the Christ indeed.
Jesus liked to have these men with him; for he
wanted them to learn all they could, so that after his
death they might be able to teach to others the same
things that he had taught to them.
Afterward, some of these men wrote the life of
Jesus, as we have it in the Bible. The Spirit of God
helped them, and brought to their minds the things
that their dear Lord had said.
Now there was to be a marriage at Cana, a little
town not very far from Nazareth. Mary, the mother
of Jesus, was asked to be there, and so were Jesus and
his disciples. By his -disciples we mean those few
men who went with him all the time, to listen to his
words of wisdom and love.
At the marriage, they had a feast; for that was
the way people did in those days. And at the


feast they had wine. But their wine was not like the
wine we have now. It was just the fresh, sweet juice
of grapes, and would not make any one drunk.
But before the feast was over, the wine was all
gone; and they did not know where to get any more in
time for the occasion. Now the man who made the
feast was troubled, because he did not want the people
who had come to it to know that he had not enough
wine for them.
Then the mother of Jesus came to him, and said,
"They have no wine." Jesus did not say that he
would do anything about it; but Mary said to the
servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it."
Now there were standing there six water-pots of
stone. These pots would hold five or six pailfuls
apiece. Jesus told the servants to fill them with
water; and when they had filled them to the brim,
Jesus said, Draw out now, and bear to the governor
of the feast."
What must these servants have thought? for
when they began to draw, they found that the water
was all turned to wine. And when they took it to the
governor, he wondered that the bridegroom had kept
the best wine for the last of the feast; for he did not
know how the wine had been made.
And when his disciples saw this miracle, they
believed on him more fully than before.

Raising of Jairus' Daughter.

TEXT.- My little daughter lieth at the point of death; I pray thee,
come and lay thy hands on her, that she may be healed." Mark 5 : 23.

ONE day Jesus was by the Sea of Galilee, at Caper-
naum. A great many people had heard of his coming,
and had come to meet him. Among those who came
was a ruler of the synagogue, or Jewish church. The
name of this man was Jairus, and he came to beg Jesus
to come and see his little daughter, who was very sick.
The best doctors had done all they could, and now
said they could do no more, and the little girl must die.
Jairus was a rich man, and he had spared no money in
trying to save the life of his daughter. But we know
that we cannot buy life or health with money. God
alone can give life.
Jesus was always ready to help all who came to
him for help, and he went at once with the sorrowful
father. And although it was only a short distance to
the home of this ruler, it took a long time to get there,
for the people crowded around Jesus, and wanted him
to speak to them, and make them well. Among them
was a woman who had been sick twelve years, and had
spent all her money trying to be made well. She had
heard of this wonderful Jesus, and she thought, If I
can touch but the hem of his robe, I shall be made well.
So she struggled through the crowd that surrounded
Jesus, and, stooping down, touched his garment, and,

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oh, how wonderful, she felt the healing power of the
Saviour coursing through her veins, and she knew that
she had been made well.
With gratitude in her heart she tried to get out of
the throng, but Jesus stopped, and said, Who touched
me? All were surprised to hear him ask that ques-
tion, for he was being pressed on all sides by the eager
people who surrounded him. But Jesus said, Some-
body hath touched me; for I perceive that virtue is
gone out of me." .Jesus could tell whether it was the
touch of faith, or of the careless crowd. You can see
the people in the picture, crowding around Jesus to be
The woman, seeing that she was found out, came
and told Jesus the story of her suffering and belief,
and Jesus said, Daughter, be of good comfort; thy
faith hath made thee whole; go in peace." This was
to show to the people that it was her faith that had
made her whole, and not the mere act of touching his
Jairus had watched closely the working of this
miracle, and now felt more sure than ever that Jesus
would heal his child. But just then a servant came
and said, "Thy daughter is dead." Jesus heard the
words which seemed to take away all hope from the
sorrowing father, and said to him, Fear not; believe
only, and she shall be made whole." Jairus took fresh
hope from this, and they hurried on to his house, and
to the room where the dead child was lying. Jesus had


[ 94 1


the room cleared of all that were in it, except the par-
ents of the child, and his disciples, and took her by
the hand, and called, saying, Maid, arise." And she
arose at once, and was as well and strong as ever.
When Jesus came to that house, it was full of weeping
and sorrow, but he brought life and joy, and gave the
little girl to her father and mother again.

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Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand.

TEXT.-- When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company
come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these
may eat?" John 6:5.

AND Jesus went across the sea of Galilee into a
desert place near Bethsaida. There a great multi-
tude came to him, to hear the wonderful things he
always had to say.
Jesus knew how needy these people were; and as
he saw them bringing their sick friends to be cured,
his great heart of pity went out to them. All day
he patiently taught them, healing their sick, and giv-
ing them comforting words.
As evening drew on, he looked over that great
company, and thought how hungry and tired they
must be,- those men and women, and even little chil-
dren, who had come so far to hear him. If they went
off without eating, they might faint by the way.
Jesus did not teach them as they had been taught
by the proud priests and Levites. His kind voice was
sweet to them, and they were so hungry for his words
of life that they forgot their need of other food.
But Jesus remembered them. He did not forget
their wants, but asked Philip where bread could be
had to feed so many. He did this to try the faith
of his disciples; for Jesus himself knew what he
would do.
7 [97 ]

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