Title: IADS
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00083011/00001
 Material Information
Title: IADS
Series Title: IADS.
Alternate Title: International Agricultural Development Service
Physical Description: 5 p. : ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: International Agricultural Development Service
Publisher: IADS
Place of Publication: Arlington VA
Publication Date: 1982
Subject: Agricultural assistance   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- International cooperation   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
General Note: "IADS ... is an autonomous, nonpolitical, and nonprofit organization that provides assistance in strengthening agricultural research and development institutions in developing nations"--P.1.
General Note: Brochure promoting the organization.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00083011
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 217277319

Full Text

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Clifford M. Hardin, chairman
Center lor the Study of American Business
Washington University

Virgilio Barco
Chairman. Board of Trustees
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center

John A. Hannah
President emeritus
Michigan State University

Robert D. Havener
Director general
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center

A. Colin McClung
International Agricultural Development Service

John A. Pino
Advisor in agricultural sciences
Interamerican Development Bank

Julian Rodriguez Adame
Former coordinator general
International Group for Agricultural Development
Inleramerican Development Bank

Abdoulaye Sawadogo
Professor of geography
University of the Ivory Coast

Theodore W. Schultz
Professor emeritus of economics
University of Chicago

Werner Treitz
Head. Agricultural Division
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation
Federal Republic of Germany

Clayton K. Yeutter
Chicago Mercantile Exchange



IADS, the International Agricultural Development Ser-
vice, is an autonomous, nonpolitical, and nonprofit
organization that provides assistance in strengthening
agricultural research and development institutions in
developing nations. It was established in 1975 with in-
itial staff and funding support from the Rockefeller
Foundation, whose four decades of involvement with
agriculture in the developing world have influenced
IADS' science-based approach to development
IADS is particularly concerned with the rapid identi-
fication and application of effective means to accelerate
the growth of agricultural productivity. It places
emphasis on those crops and animal species that form
the livelihood of large numbers of rural families, and
on strengthening institutions crucial to developing and
extending technology, training personnel, and imple-
menting production programs.
The staffing and operational procedures of IADS
enable it to provide responsive, highly competent
assistance to developing countries in designing,
organizing, and improving institutions and programs
in order to raise agricultural efficiency and rural
IADS may receive funds from any source to assist
any nation or to support developing nations collectively
through programs of research, training, and informa-
tion exchange. IADS is exempt from U.S. taxes under
Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

administrators. The importance of education and
training is evident throughout IADS' programs, in
the advanced-level and in-service training components
of all current projects.

Agricultural production and development
IADS emphasizes the need for strongly linking
research with extension work and production pro-
grams. IADS is especially interested in technology-led
development projects, national commodity projects,
and area development projects. IADS assists in the
formulation of approaches to the development of a
nation's agriculture and the improvement of rural
incomes. This activity can involve determining poten-
tials for increasing the productivity of individual crops
and livestock in regions of a country and establishing
goals against which progress can be measured.

Agricultural organization and policy
IADS helps government agencies responsible for
agricultural policy development in determining the
issues to be addressed and the most effective methods
for reaching national, regional, and local objectives.
IADS seeks to strengthen development organizations
in their implementation of agricultural policy, taking
into consideration their capabilities, the needs they are
designed to meet, and the environment in which they



Research and technology transfer
Helping improve national agricultural research and
technology transfer composes a large share of IADS'
work. This activity often calls for setting goals,
organizing interdisciplinary research groups,
establishing experiment stations and laboratories,
initiating or expanding on-farm testing, and fostering
the full participation of research agencies in nation-
wide efforts to increase farm output and incomes.

Training and education
IADS gives high priority to the development of
human resources: rural youth, farm families, com-
munity leaders, rural entrepreneurs, agricultural
technicians, agricultural educators, scientists, and

IADS is flexible in its operations and serves as a means
through which governments, as well as technical coopera-
tion and funding agencies, can identify and marshal
expertise and funds for accelerating agricultural produc-
tion and development. Since IADS is not a grant-making
agency, its involvement, beyond initial discussions, must
be financed by either the country or an interested donor.
In most instances, IADS signs a contract with the country
or with an assistance agency.
IADS responds to invitations from governments to con-
sult on program planning, to review programs, and to
conduct feasibility studies. Such activities require
experienced scientists who work with national agricultural
leaders on short, but intensive, studies of research, pro-
duction, marketing, and educational programs, and ways
to strengthen them.

IADS is structured to undertake major implementation
projects that call for long-term involvement and provision
of a wide range of services. From its professional and ad-
ministrative staff, IADS is able to provide the technical
and administrative balance required for efficient project
implementation. Agreements may provide for specialists in
research and development management, as well as in
specific subject-matter areas, and assistance in manpower
development, procurement of equipment, and facility
Such technical assistance projects are undertaken with
the conviction that attempts to achieve rapid increases in
agricultural productivity must be combined with efforts to
strengthen national institutions so that they can sustain
their progress with a minimum of external assistance.
IADS specialize in providing the following services:

Technical advisory services
Under contract, IADS provides technical expertise that is
pertinent to the needs and resources of particular project
sites. For example, IADS is increasingly becoming
involved in irrigation and water management activities.
The development, expansion, or rehabilitation of irriga-
tion schemes offers exceptional opportunities to raise
agricultural output through modern technology. To max-
imize returns from the investment in irrigation, carefully
conceived research to generate efficient production
methods is required, as well as organizational im-
provements that will ensure that essential farm supply
services are adequate to support greatly expanded
Seed production and distribution is another area of
technical advancement in which IADS is involved. Seed is
often the most effective and least expensive input for
increasing agricultural production. Assistance is provided
for planning and organizing a national seed program, as
well as implementing the program. Training seed spe-
cialists and technicians is an integral part of a seed

Training and educational services
Recognizing the importance of developing qualified per-
sonnel for national research and development programs,
IADS is organized to assist in planning, implementing,
and evaluating fellowship programs for professional and
academic training in universities worldwide. IADS also
helps countries in developing and executing domestic
academic and short-term training programs.

Since 1977, IADS has managed the overseas fellow-
ships of more than 300 students from developing coun-
tries. It can also help organize in-service training pro-
grams, improve secondary education and vocational
training in agriculture, and strengthen university pro-
grams in agriculture.
Frequently IADS provides its staff members as short-
term consultants to aid institutions in designing and
implementing courses in agricultural production,
marketing, and management. IADS also has arranged
study tours, planned and conducted workshops, and
organized professional conferences and seminars in
developing countries and the U.S.

Purchasing services
The purchasing personnel of IADS are experienced in the
procurement and shipping of goods and materials needed
in agricultural undertakings, including farm implements,
computer software, and laboratory equipment. IADS can
provide consultants to advise clients on appropriate
equipment for production schemes, experiment stations,
agricultural schools and universities, and processing

IADS contractual services
Analysis of agricultural or rural development
Advice on policies and steps necessary to improve
agricultural research, extension, and educational
capabilities and lacilities
Technical assistance for establishing or strengthen-
ing facilities to produce and distribute seeds,
fertilizers, and other agricultural inputs. or to provide
credit and improve storage and marketing systems.
Assigning professionals to national institutions to
serve as shorl-lerm consultants or as specialists who
help with planning, staffing, and managing national
programs on a long-term basis.
Training of personnel at home or abroad.
Technical and managerial assistance for establishing
and executing programs to expand the production of
crops or animals, or to raise the productivity of farm-
ing systems
Technical and managerial assistance lor establishing
and implementing comprehensive agricultural
development programs in specific geographic areas.


The personnel of IADS are experienced specialists in
agricultural research and development. The twelve
professional staff members at IADS headquarters
average 22 years of experience in international
development, of which 15 years have been at posts in
developing countries. Nearly all have graduate degrees
in agricultural disciplines. Since IADS was founded,
they have participated in missions in forty countries.
They have implemented long-term projects in
Bangladesh, Nepal, Ecuador, Indonesia, Egypt,
Panama, Dominican Republic, and Botswana. In
current long-term projects, there are over thirty IADS
field staff members.

Access to consultants
In carrying out consulting assignments and staffing
long- and short-term projects, IADS utilizes a
computer-held register of 2000 international specialists
who have expertise in agriculture and related fields,
and a wide range of language capabilities. The register
is continually updated and expanded. Combined with
the staff's first-hand knowledge of development
specialists throughout the world, the register ensures
that assignments are filled by highly qualified
specialists. IADS can employ nationals of any

Links with organizations and businesses
The close association between the professional staff
of IADS and the IADS Board of Trustees provides
linkages to the private sector, the academic com-
munity, international research centers, foundations,
and development banks.
In addition, IADS maintains professional relation-
ships with the university community, particularly with
the U.S. land-grant colleges and universities. Most
staff are products of the land-grant system, some hav-
ing served as professors and scientists in one or more
IADS works closely with the international research
centers to promote links between them and national
research and training systems. This cooperation is
facilitated by agreements IADS has with such interna-
tional bodies as CIMMYT, CIAT, CIP, IICA,
INTSOY, IRRI, and Winrock International.

IADS maintains liaison with agribusiness, including
organizations involved in marketing, credit, and
supply of production inputs such as seeds, fertilizers,
and pesticides. It interacts and cooperates with the
U.S. Department of Agriculture, foundations, associa-
tions, and numerous professional groups.

With its headquarters in the Washington D.C. area,
IADS has easy access to a wide range of development
experts and policymakers, as well as being convenient
for international travelers. IADS is able to interact on
a continuing basis with such government organizations
as USAID and USDA and with development organi-
zations such as the World Bank and the Inter-
American Development Bank.

IADS Operations, Inc.

IADS Operations, Inc. (101) is a private, for-
profit, consulting firm. incorporated in 1982 as a
wholly-owned subsidiary of lADS. 101 was
established so that a broader base of ser ices could
be provided to help strengthen agriculture and
agribusiness in developing countries. The principal
officers and directors of 101 are also the principal
officers of IADS. The core professional staff and
support staff of IADS allocate their time between
the organizations, which share headquarters, of-
fices, as the need for ser% ices arises.
The capabilities of 101 are essentially
synonymous with those of lADS. The organiza-
tional, financial, and legal structure of 101 permits
flexibility in approaches and operational liaison
vilh other organizations, particularly. in the
agribusiness sector, that is not possible for lADS.
The new organization operates with a broad man-
dale to provide specifically designated services on a
contract basis.


IADS has implemented long-term contracts in countries
throughout the world. Such contracts involve recruiting,
orienting, posting, and supporting expatriate staff. Some
current long-term contractual activities:
IADS helps the Bangladesh Agricultural Research
Council increase the effectiveness of the national
agricultural research system for development of
appropriate agricultural technologies by raising
capabilities for on-farm research, by strengthening
research in several disciplinary and multidisciplinary pro-
grams, by improving coordination of research among
institutions, and by forming links with nonresearch
agencies. IADS helps arrange training for both degree
and non-degree programs, and assists in procurement of
equipment. The project has fifteen specialists supplied by

Dominican Republic
IADS provides consultants to Plan Sierra in organiza-
tional development, training, and related activities. Plan
Sierra is an area development program in a mountain
region of the country. In another project, IADS assists
the Center for Administration of Rural Development of
the Instituto Superior de Agricultura in the areas of
organization and personnel development, management,
communication, teaching aids and materials, and
development of teaching modules.

IADS supplies consultants to help the Agricultural
Economics Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, in
analyzing agricultural policy issues and in outlining
strategies for accelerating agricultural development.

IADS supplies the Agency for Agricultural Research
and Development (AARD) with technical assistance and
services for strengthening research on estate and
industrial crops, vegetables and fruits, forestry, fisheries,
and support for transmigration. Technical assistance is
also provided to improve research management and the
institutional framework. Staff training abroad is
administered by IADS. Eight specialists from LADS work
in this project.
In a second project, IADS is helping the Central
Research Institute for Food Crops develop and expand
nine research stations in important food-crop production
zones on the island of Sumatra. It also helps manage
overseas and local training. Five specialists are assigned
to the project by IADS.

IADS supplies technical assistance and services to
Nepal to strengthen national production-oriented

agricultural research and extension activities related to
cereal crops and cropping systems. A large program of
domestic and foreign training is administered by IADS.
Three specialists from IADS work in the project.
The seed production and input storage project is
another activity assisted by IADS. The project is
establishing a labor-intensive system for producing,
testing, processing, storing, and distributing seed of
major food crops, and for storing and distributing other
inputs used in crop production. Two resident specialists
are assigned to the project by IADS. Other services sup-
plied by IADS include training and procurement of

United States
IADS provides the U.S. Agency for International
Development with short-term advisory services in
agricultural development, including the fields of
agricultural economics and sector planning, crop produc-
tion, soil management irrigation, fisheries and
aquaculture, livestock, agribusiness, development of
institutional services, and appropriate technology.

IADS produces a series of books and other public.
lions on topics ol importance to agricultural decision
makers. Among the books developed by lADS are:
To Feed This World: The Challenge and the Strategy,
Sterling Worlman and Ralph W. Cummings. Jr ,
Jonns Hopkins Universily Press
Rice in the Tropics: A Guide to the Development of
National Programs, Robert F Chandler Jr..
Westview Press
Small Farm Development: Understanding and
Improving Farming Systems in the Humid Tropics.
Richard R Harwood, Wesiview Press
Successful Seed Programs: A Planning and Manage-
ment Guide, Johnson E. Douglas. Westview Press
Tomatoes in the Tropics, Ruben Villareal Wesiview
Wheat in the Third World. Haldore Hanson. Norman
Borlaug. Glenn Anderson, Westview Press

Among the shorter publications of lADS are
Understanding Professionals: Small Farmers and
Scientists, Robert Chambers
The Economics of Research and Agricultural
Productivity, Theodore W Schultz
Three Ways to Spur Agricultural Growth. A. T
A publications price list is available from IADS on


David M. Daugherty, Ph.D., research management
Dorsey F. Davy, Ed.D., training specialist
Russell D. Frazier, Ph.D., agronomist
David Gisselquist, Ph.D., water management
extension specialist
Brook A. Greene, Ph.D., agricultural economist
P. Theodore Hutchcroft, Ph.D., information
A. K. Kaul, Ph.D., crop specialist
Timothy G. Kelley, M.S., associate production
R.N. Mallick, M.S., associate production agronomist
A. Hugo Manzano, Ph.D., farming systems
Sam Portch, Ph.D., soil fertility specialist
Raphael Semmes, M.A., administration specialist
D.N. Sharma, B.S., farm development specialist
Lyle C. Sikka, M.S., potato specialist
Leopoldo M. Villegas, M.S., associate production

Kristian Oland, Ph.D., director, agricultural research

National agricultural research
William R. Young, Ph.D., research program
Emiterio V. Aggasid, B.S., civil works specialist
Saul Camacho, Ph.D., specialist in fruits

Ernesto B. Farre, B.B.A., financial officer
David G. Hill, M.S., scientific information specialist
Alfredo C. Nebab, B.S., procurement specialist
Ralph Retzlaff, Ph.D., training coordinator
C. Geoffrey Swenson, Ph.D., production economist

Sumatra agricultural research
Kenneth O. Rachie, Ph.D., project supervisor
Aroon Jugsujinda. Ph.D., soil and water
management specialist
Douglas H. Perry, Ph.D., agricultural economist
P.S. Srinivasan, B.A., administrative officer
Jack D. Traywick, M.S., farm development specialist

Integrated cereals project
Carl N. Hittle, Ph.D., project supervisor
Inocencio C. Bolo, M.S., production agronomist
Kenneth D. Sayre, Ph.D., cropping systems

Seed project
S.S. Bal, M.S., project supervisor
Peter G. Rood, M.P.A., field supervisor

Hill food and agricultural extension and research
Francisco Gorrez, B.S., supervising agronomist
Kalim Qamar, Ph.D., extension communication

Murray D. Dawson, Ph.D., advisor

Photo Credits: World Bank


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