Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations
 Part I: A voyage to Lilliput
 Part II: A voyage to Brobdingn...
 Part III: A voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi,...
 Part IV: A voyage to the country...
 A letter from Captain Gulliver...
 Back Cover

Group Title: Gulliver's travels : adapted for the young
Title: Gulliver's travels
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00083000/00001
 Material Information
Title: Gulliver's travels adapted for the young
Physical Description: xvi, 414, 8, 10 p., 4 leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 20 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Swift, Jonathan, 1667-1745
Wheeler, Edward J., ca. 1848-1933 ( Illustrator )
George Routledge and Sons ( Publisher )
J.S. Virtue and Co ( Printer )
Publisher: George Routledge and Sons
Place of Publication: London ;
Manchester ;
New York
Manufacturer: J.S. Virtue and Co.
Publication Date: 1895
Edition: New ed.
Subject: Youth -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary places -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Voyages, Imaginary -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Pride and vanity -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Ship captains -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Travelers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Utopias -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
War -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Courts and courtiers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Giants -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Treason -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Reason -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Satires -- 1895   ( rbgenr )
Fantasy literature -- 1895   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' catalogues -- 1895   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1895
Genre: Satires   ( rbgenr )
Fantasy literature   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' catalogues   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
England -- Manchester
United States -- New York -- New York
Statement of Responsibility: by Jonathan Swift ; with plates in colours, from designs by E.J. Wheeler, and forty-three illustrations.
General Note: Publisher's catalogue follows text.
General Note: Baldwin Library copy 2: all 4 color plates vary.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00083000
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002238254
notis - ALH8751
oclc - 37256124

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Half Title
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Table of Contents
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
    List of Illustrations
        Page xv
        Page xvi
    Part I: A voyage to Lilliput
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
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    Part II: A voyage to Brobdingnag
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    Part III: A voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib, and Japan
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    Part IV: A voyage to the country of the Houyhnhnms
        Page 291
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    A letter from Captain Gulliver to his cousin Sympson, written in the year 1727
        Page 409
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    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text




The Baldwin Library










THE Author of these Travels, Mr. Lemuel Gulliver,
is my ancient and intimate friend; there is like-
wise some relation between us by the mother's side.
About three years ago Mr.-Gulliver, growing weary of
the concourse of curious people coming to him at his
house in Redriff, made a small purchase of land, with a
convenient house, near Newark in Nottinghamshire, his
native country, where he now lives retired, yet in good
esteem among his neighbours.
Although Mr. Gulliver was born in Nottinghamshire,
where his father dwelt, yet I have heard him say his
family came from Oxfordshire, to confirm which I have
observed in the churchyard at Banbury in that county
several tombs and monuments of the Gullivers.
Before he quitted Redriff he left the custody of the
following papers in my hands, with the liberty to dis-
pose of them as I should think fit. I have carefully
perused them three times; the style is very plain and
simple, and the only fault I find is that the Author, after
the manner of travellers, is a little too circumstantial.
There is an air of truth apparent about the whole, and,


indeed, the Author was so distinguished for his veracity
that it became a sort of proverb among his neighbours
at Redriff, when any one affirmed a thing, to say, it was
as true as if Mr. Gulliver had spoken it.
By the advice of several worthy persons to whom,
with the Author's permission, I communicated these
papers, I now venture to send them into the world,
hoping they may be, at least for some time, a better
entertainment to our young noblemen than the common
scribbles of politics and party.
This volume would have been at least twice as large
if I had not made bold to strike out innumerable pas-
sages relating to the winds and tides, as well as to the
variations and bearings in the several voyages, together
with the minute descriptions of the management of the
ship in storms in the style of sailors; likewise the
account of the longitudes and latitudes, wherein I have
reason to apprehend that Mr. Gulliver may be a little
dissatisfied; but I was resolved to fit the work as much
as possible to the general capacity of readers. However,
if my own ignorance in sea affairs shall have led me to
commit some mistakes, I alone am answerable for them;
and if any traveller hath a curiosity to see the whole
work at large as it came from the hand of the Author, I
shall be ready to gratify him.
As for any further particulars relating to the Author,
the reader will receive satisfaction from the first pages
of the book,



The Author gives some account of himself and family, his first
inducements to travel. He is shipwrecked, and swims for
his life, gets safe on shore in the country of Lilliput, is made
a prisoner, and carried up the country 3.

The Emperor of Lilliput, attended.by several of the nobility, come
to see the Author in his confinement. The Emperor's per-
son and habit described. Learned men appointed to teach
the Author their language. He gains favour by his mild
disposition. His pockets are searched, and his sword and
pistols taken from him 19

The Author diverts the Emperor and his nobility of both sexes in
a very uncommon manner. The diversions of the court of
Lilliput described. The Author has his liberty granted him
upon certain conditions .. 33

Milendo, the metropolis of Lilliput, described, together with the
Emperor's palace. A conversation between the Author and
a principal secretary, concerning the affairs of that empire :
the Author's offers to serve the Emperor in his wars 44


The Author by an extraordinary stratagem prevents an invasion.
A high title of honour is conferred upon him. Ambassadors
arrive from the Emperor of Blefuscu, and sue for peace.
The Empress's apartment on fire by an accident; the Author
instrumental in saving the rest of the palace 52

Of the inhabitants of Lilliput; their learning, laws, and customs,
the manner of educating their children. The Author's way
of living in that country. His vindication of a great lady 63

The Author being informed of a design to accuse him of high
treason, makes his escape to Blefuscu. His reception there 77

The Author, by a lucky accident, finds means to leave Blefuscu;
and, after some difficulties, returns safe to his native country 89



A great storm described, the long-boat sent to fetch water, the
Author goes with it to discover the country. He is left on
shore, is seized by one of the natives, and carried to a
farmer's house. His reception there, with several accidents
that happened there. A description of the inhabitants 101


A description of the farmer's daughter. The Author carried to
a market town, and then to the metropolis. The particulars
of his journey 118

The Author sent for to Court. The Queen buys him of his
master the farmer, and presents him to the King. He
disputes with his Majesty's great scholars. An apartment
at Court provided for the Author. He is in high favour
with the Queen. He stands up for the honour of his own
country. His quarrels with the Queen's dwarf 128

The country described. A proposal for correcting modern
maps. The King's palace, and some account of the metro-
polis. The Author's way of travelling. The chief temple
described 142

Several adventures that happened to the Author. The execution
of a criminal. The Author shows his skill in navigation I49

Several contrivances of the Author to please the King and
Queen. He shows his skill in music. The King inquires
into the state of Europe, which the Author relates to him.,
The King's observations thereon 162

The Author's love of his country. He makes a proposal of much
advantage to the King, which is rejected. The King's great
ignorance in politics. The learning of that country very
imperfect and confined. Their laws and military affairs,
and parties in the State 74


The King and Queen make a progress to the frontiers. The
Author attends them. The manner in which he leaves the
country very particularly related. He returns to England 183




'The Author sets out on his third voyage; is taken by pirates.
The malice of a Dutchman. His arrival at an island. He
is received into Laputa 203

The humours and dispositions of the Laputians described. An
account of their learning. Of the King and his Court.
The Author's reception there. The inhabitants subject to
fears and disquietudes. An account of the women 21

A phenomenon solved by modern philosophy and astronomy.
The Laputians' great improvements in the latter. The
King's method of suppressing insurrections 222


The Author leaves Laputa, is conveyed to Balnibarbi, arrives at
the metropolis. A description of the metropolis, and the
country adjoining. The Author hospitably received by a
great lord. His conversation with that lord 229

The Author permitted to see the Grand Academy of Lagado.
The Academy largely described. The Arts wherein the
professors employ themselves 237

A further account of the Academy. The Author proposes some
improvements which are honourably received 246

The Author leaves Lagado. Arrives at Maldonada. No ship
ready. He takes a short voyage to Glubbdubdrib. His
reception by the Governor 254

A further account of Glubbdubdrib. Ancient .and modern
history corrected .. 260

The. Author's return to Maldonada. Sails to the Kingdom of
Luggnagg. The Author confined. He is sent for to Court.
The manner of his admittance. The King's great lenity to
his subjects 268

The Luggnaggians commended. A particular description of the
Struldbrugs, with many conversations between the Author
and some eminent persons upon that subject 273


The Author leaves Luggnagg, and sails to Japan.. From thence
he returns in a Dutch ship to Amsterdam, and from Amster-
dam to England 285



The Author sets out as a captain of a. ship. His men conspire
against him, confine him a long time to his cabin, set him
on shore in an unknown land. He travels up in the
country. The Yahoos, a strange sort of animal, described.
The Author meets two Houyhnhnms 293

The Author conducted by a Houyhnhnm to his house. The
house described. The Author's reception. The food of the
Houyhnhnms. The Author in distress for want of meat, is
at last relieved. His manner of feeding in this country 304

The Author studies to learn the language, the Houyhnhnm, his
master, assists in teaching him. The language described.
Several Houyhnhnms of quality come out of curiosity to see
the Author. He gives his master a short account of his
voyage 314


The Houyhnhnms' notion of truth and falsehood. The Author's
discourse disapproved by his master. The Author gives a
more particular account of himself, and the accidents of his
voyage 323

The Author at his master's commands informs him of the state
of England. The causes of war among the princes of Europe.
The Author begins to explain the English Constitution 332

A continuation of the state of England, so well governed by a
Queen as to need no first Minister. The character of such
an one in some European Courts 343

The Author's great love of his native country. His master's
observations upon the constitution and administration of
England, as described 'by the Author, with parallel cases
and comparisons. His master's observations upon Human
Nature 352

The Author relates several particulars of the Yahoos. The
great virtues of the Houyhnhnms. The education and
exercise of their youth. Their general assembly 361

A grand debate on the General Assembly of- the Houyhnhnms,
and how it was determined. The learning of the Houyhn-
hnms; their buildings; their manner of burials; the
defectiveness of their language 369


The Author's economy and happy life among the Houyhnhnms.
His great improvement in virtue, by conversing with them.
Their conversations. The Author has notice given him by
his master that he must depart from the country. He falls
into a swoon for grief, but submits. He contrives and
finishes a canoe, by the help of a fellow-servant, and puts to
sea at a venture 376

The Author's dangerous voyage. He arrives at New Holland,
hoping to settle there. Is wounded with an arrow by one of
the natives. Is seized and carried by force into a Portuguese
ship. The great civilities of the captain. The Author
arrives at England 388

The Author's veracity. His design in publishing this work.
His censure of those travellers who swerve from the truth.
The Author clears himself from any sinister ends in writing.
An objection answered. The method of planting colonies.
His native country commended. The right of the Crown
to those countries described by the Author is justified. The
difficulty of conquering them. The Author takes his last
leave of the reader: proposeth his manner of living for the
future, gives good advice, and concludes 400oo

SON. Written in the year 1727 409



S 27









The Author gives some account of himself and family, his first
inducements to travel. He is shipwrecked, and swims for his
life, gets safe on shore in the country of Lilliput, is made a
prisoner, and carried up the country.

MY father had a small estate in Nottinghamshire; I
was the third of five sons. He sent me to
Emanuel College in Cambridge at fourteen years old,
where I resided three years, and applied myself close
to my studies. But the charge of maintaining me
(although I had a very scanty allowance) being too
V great for a narrow fortune, I was bound apprentice to
SMr. James Bates, an eminent surgeon in London, with
whom I continued four years; and my father now and
then sending me small sums of money, I laid them out
in learning navigation, and other parts of the mathe-


matics, useful to those who intend to travel, as I always
believed it would be some time or other my fortune to
do. When I left Mr. Bates I went down to my father,
where, by the assistance of him and my uncle John, and
some other relations, I got forty pounds, and a promise
of thirty pounds a year to maintain me at Leyden.
There I studied physic two years and seven months,
knowing it would be useful in long voyages.
Soon after my return from Leyden, I was recom-
mended by my good master, Mr. Bates, to be surgeon to
the Swallow, Captain Abraham Pannell, Commander,
with whom I continued three years and a half, making
a voyage or two into the Levant, and some other parts.
When I came back I resolved to settle in London, to
which Mr. Bates, my master, encouraged me, and by
him I was recommended to several patients. I took
part of a small house in the Old Jewry, and being
advised to alter my condition, I married Mrs. Mary
Burton, second daughter to Mr. Edmond Burton, hosier,
in Newgate Street, with whom I received four hundred
pounds for a portion.
But, my good master Bates dying in two years after,
and I having few friends, my business began to fail, for
my conscience would not suffer me to imitate the bad
practice of too many among my brethren. Having
therefore consulted with my wife, and some of my
acquaintance, I determined to go again to sea. I was
surgeon successively in two ships, and made several
voyages, for six years, to the East and West Indies, by
Which I got some addition to my fortune. My hours of


leisure I spent in reading the best authors, ancient and
modern, being always provided with a good number
of books; and when I was ashore, in observing the
manners and dispositions of the people, as well as
learning their language, wherein I had a great facility
by the strength of my memory.
The last of these voyages not proving-very fortunate
SI grew weary of the sea, and intended to stay at home
with my wife and family. I removed from the Old Jewry
to Fetter Lane, and from thence to Wapping, hoping
to get business among the sailors; but it would not
turn to account. After three years' expectation that
S things would mend, I accepted an advantageous offer
from Captain William Prichard, Master of the Anlteloe,
who was making a voyage to the South Sea. We set
sail from Bristol, May 4th, 1699, and our voyage at first
was very prosperous.
It would not be proper, for some reasons, to trouble
the reader with the particulars of our adventures in
those seas: let it suffice to inform him that, in our pas-
sage from thence to the East Indies, we were driven by
a violent storm to the north-west of Van Diemen's
Land. By an observation we found ourselves in the
latitude of 30 degrees 2 minutes south. Twelve of our
crew were dead by immoderate labour and ill food, the
rest were in a very weak condition. On the 5th- of
November, w which was the beginning of summer in those
parts, the weather being very hazy, the seamen spied a
rock within half a cable's length of the ship; but the
wind was so strong that we were driven directly upon


it, and immediately split. Six of the crew, of whom I
was one, having let down the boat into the sea, made a
shift to get clear of the ship and the rock. We rowed
by my computation about three leagues, till we were
able to work no longer, being already spent with labour
while we were in the ship. We therefore trusted our-
selves to the mercy of the waves, and in about half an
hour the boat was overset by a sudden flurry from the
What became of my companions in the boat, as
well as of those who escaped on the rock, or were left
in the vessel I cannot tell, but conclude they were all
lost. For my own part, I swam as fortune directed me,
and was pushed forward by wind and tide. I often let
my legs drop, and could feel no bottom. But when I
was almost gone, and able to struggle no longer, I
found'myself within my depth ; and by this time the
storm was much abated. The declivity was so small
that I walked near a mile before I got to the shore,
which I conjectured was about eight o'clock in the
evening. I then advanced forward near half a mile, but
could not discover any sign of houses or inhabitants;
at least, I was in so weak a condition that I did not
observe them. I was extremely tired, and with that
and the heat of the weather, and about.half a pint of
brandy that I drank as I left the ship, I found myself
much inclined to sleep. I lay down on the grass, which
was very short and soft, where I slept sounder than
ever I remember to have done in my life, and, as I
reckoned, above nine hours, for when I awoke it was


just daylight. I attempted to rise, but was not able to
stir. For, as I happened to lie on my back, I found my
arms and legs were strongly fastened on each side to
the ground; and my hair, which was long and thick,
tied down in the same manner. I likewise felt several
slender ligatures across my body, from my armpits to
my thighs. I could only look upwards, the sun began
to grow hot, and the light offended my eyes. I heard a
confused noise about me, but in the posture I lay could

Gulliver bound.

see nothing except the sky. In a little time I felt
something alive moving on my left leg, which, advanc-
ing gently forward over my breast, came almost up to
my chin; when bending my eyes downwards' as much
as I could, I perceived it to be a human creature not six
inches high, with a bow and arrow in his hands and a
quiver at his back. In the meantime I felt at least forty
more of the same kind (as I conjectured) following the
first. I was in the utmost astonishment, and roared so


loud that they all ran back in a fright; and some of
them, as I was afterwards told, were hurt with the falls
they got by leaping Irom my sides upon the ground.
However, they soon returned, and one of them, who
ventured so far as to get a full sight of my face, lifting
up his hands and eyes by way of admiration, cried out
in a shrill but distinct voice, IHekinah Degul. The
others repeated the same words several times, but I
then knew not what they meant. I lay all this while,
as the reader may believe, in great uneasiness; at
length, struggling to get loose, I had the fortune to
break the strings and wrench out the pegs that fastened
my left arm to the ground; for, by lifting it up to my
face, I discovered the methods they had taken to bind
me, and, at the same time, with a violent pull, which
gave me excessive pain, I a little loosened the strings
that tied down my hair on the left side, so that I was
just able to turn my head about two inches. But the
creatures ran off a second time, before I could seize
them; whereupon there was a great shout in a very
shrill accent, and after it ceased I heard one of them cry
aloud, Tolgo Phonac; when in an instant I felt above a
hundred arrows discharged on my left hand, which
pricked me like so many needles; and besides they
shot another flight into the air, as we do bombs in
Europe, whereof many, I suppose, fell on my body
(though I felt them not) and some on my face, which I
immediately covered with my left hand. When this
shower of arrows was over I fell a-groaning with grief
and pain, and then, striving again to get loose, they


discharged another volley larger than the first, and
some of them attempted with spears to stick me in the
sides; but, by good luck, I had on me a buff jerkin,
which they could not pierce. I thought it the most
prudent method to lie still, and my design was to con-
tinue so till night, when my left hand being already
loose, I could easily free myself. And, as for the
inhabitants, I had reason to believe I might be a match
for the greatest armies they could bring against me, if
they were all of the same size with him that I saw. But
Fortune disposed otherwise of me. When the people
observed I was quiet they discharged no more arrows;
but by the noise I heard I knew their numbers in-
creased; and about four yards from me, over against
my right ear, I heard a knocking for above an hour, like
that of people at work, when, turning my head that way
as well as the pegs and strings would permit me, I saw
a stage erected about a foot and a half from the ground,
capable of holding four of the inhabitants, with two or
three ladders to mount it, from whence one of them,
who seemed to be a person of quality, made me a long
speech, whereof I understood not one syllable. But I
should have mentioned that, before the principal person
began his oration, he cried out three times, Langro
Dehul san (these words and the former were afterwards
repeated and explained to me), whereupon immediately
about fifty of the inhabitants came and cut the strings
that fastened the left side of my-head, which gave me
the liberty of turning it to the right, and of observing
the person and gesture of him that was to speak. He


appeared to be of a middle age, and taller than any of
the other three who attended him, whereof one was a

: _U _

A Lilliputian Orator.

page that held up his train, and seemed to be somewhat
longer than my middle finger; the other two stood one
on each side to support him. He acted every part of an


orator, and I could observe many periods of threaten-
ings and others of promises, pity, and kindness. I
answered in a few words, but in the most submissive
manner, lifting up my left hand and both my eyes to the
sun, as calling him for a witness; and being almost
famished with hunger, having not eaten a morsel for
some hours before I left the ship, I found the demands
of nature so strong upon me, that I could not forbear
showing my impatience (perhaps against the strict rules
of decency) by putting my finger frequently on my
mouth, to signify that I wanted food. The hurgo (for
so they call a great lord, as I afterwards learnt) under-
stood me very well. He descended from the stage, and
commanded that several ladders should be applied to
my sides, on which about a hundred of the inhabitants
mounted, and walked towards my mouth, laden with
baskets full of meat, which had been provided and sent
thither by the King's orders upon the first intelligence
he received of me. I observed there was the flesh of
several animals, but could not distinguish them by the
taste. There were shoulders, legs, and loins shaped
like those of mutton, and very well dressed, but smaller
than the wings of a lark. I ate them by two or three at
a mouthful, and took three loaves at a time, about the
size of musket bullets. They supplied me as they could,
showing a thousand marks of wonder and astonishment
at my bulk and appetite. I then made another sign
that I wanted drink. They found by my eating that a
small quantity would not suffice me, and being a most
ingenious people, they slung up with great dexterity one

* II


of their largest hogsheads, then rolled it towards my
hand, and beat out the top. I drank it off.at a draught,
which I might well do, for it did not hold half a pint,
and tasted like a small wine of Burgundy, but much
more delicious. They brought me a second hogshead,
which I drank in the same manner, and made signs for
more, but they had none to give me. When I had per-
formed these wonders they shouted for joy, and danced
upon my breast, repeating several times as they did at
first, IIekinah Degul. They made me a sign that I
should throw down the two hogsheads, but first warning
the people below to stand out of the way, crying aloud,
Borach Mivola, and when they saw the vessels in the
air there was an universal shout of Hekinah Degul. I
confess I was often tempted, while they were passing
backwards and forwards on my body, to seize forty or
fifty of the first that came in my reach'and dash them
against the ground. But the remembrance of what I
had felt, which probably might not be the worst they
could do, and the promise of honour I made them, for so
I interpreted my submissive behaviour, soon drove out
these imaginations. Besides, I now considered myself
as bound by the laws of hospitality to a people who had
treated me with so much expense and magnificence.
However, in my thoughts I could not sufficiently
wonder at the intrepidity of these diminutive mortals,
who durst venture to mount and walk upon my body
while one of my hands was at liberty, without trembling
at the very sight of so prodigious a creature as I must
appear to them.



After some time, when they observed that I made
no more demands for meat, there appeared before
me a person of high rank from his Imperial Majesty.
His excellency having mounted on the small of my
right leg, advanced forward up to my face with about
a dozen of his retinue." And producing his credentials
under the signet royal, which he applied close to my
eyes, spoke about ten minutes without any signs of
anger but with a kind of determined resolution, often
pointing forwards, which as I afterwards found was
towards-the capital city, about half a mile distant
whither it was agreed by his Majesty in council that I
must be conveyed. I answered in few words, but to no
purpose, and made a sign with my hand that was loose,
putting it to the other (but over his Excellency's head
for fear of hurting him or his train) and then to my own
Head and body, to signify that I desired my liberty. It
appeared that he understood me 'well enough, for he
shook his head by way of disapprobation, and held his
Sand in a posture to show that I must be carried as a
prisoner. However, he made other signs to let me
understand that I should have meat and drink enough,
and very good treatment. Whereupon I once more
thought of attempting to break my bonds, but again,
when I felt the smart of their arrows upon my face and
hands, which were all in blisters, and many of the darts
still sticking in them, and observing likewise that the
number of my enemies increased, I gave tokens to let
them know that they might do with me what they


Upon this the hurgo and his train withdrew with
much civility and cheerful countenances. Soon after
I heard a general shout with frequent repetitions of
the words, Peplom Selan, and I felt great numbers of
the people on my left side relaxing the cords to such a
degree that I was able to turn upon my right. But
before this they had daubed my face and both my hands
with a sort of ointment very pleasant to the smell,
which in a few minutes removed all the smart of their
arrows. These circumstances, added to the refreshment
I had received by their victuals and drink, which were
very nourishing, disposed me to sleep. I slept about
eight hours, as I was afterwards assured; and it was
no wonder, for the physicians, by the Emperor's order,
had mingled a sleepy potion in the hogsheads of
It seems that upon the first moment I was discovered
sleeping on the ground after my landing, the Emperor
had early notice of it by an express, and determined in
council that I should be tied in the manner I have
related (which was done in the night while I slept), that
plenty of meat and drink should be sent to me, and a
machine prepared to carry me to the capital city.
This resolution, perhaps, may appear very bold and
dangerous, and I am confident would not be imitated
by any prince in Europe on the like occasion; however,
in my opinion it was extremely prudent as well as
generous. For, supposing these people had endeavoured
to kill me with their spears and arrows while I was
asleep, I should certainly have waked with the first


sense of smart, which might so far have roused my
rage and strength, as have enabled me to break the
strings wherewith I was tied; after which, as,they were
not able to make resistance, so they could expect no
These people are most excellent mathematicians, and
arrived to a great perfection in mechanics by the coun-
tenance and encouragement of the Emperor, who is a
renowned patron of learning. This prince hath several
machines fixed on wheels for the carriage of trees and
other great weights. He often builds his largest men-
of-war, whereof some are nine foot long, in the woods
where the timber grows, and has them carried on these
engines three or four hundred yards to the sea. Five
hundred carpenters and engineers were immediately set
Sat work to prepare the greatest engine they had. It
was a frame of wood raised three inches from the
ground, about seven foot long and four wide, moving
up.:.n twenty-two wheels. The shout I heard was upon
the arrival of this.engine, which it seems set out in four
hours after my landing. It was brought parallel to me
as I lay.
But the principal difficulty was to raise and place
me in this vehicle. Eighty poles, each of one foot high,
\\*re, erected for this purpose, and very strong cords of
tlhe thickness of packthread were fastened by hooks to
many bandages, which the workmen had girt round my
nec-k, my hands, my body, and my legs. Nine hundred
of the strongest men were employed to draw up these
cords by many pulleys fastened on the poles, and thus


in less than three hours, I was raised and slung into
the engine, and there tied fast. All this I was told, for
while the whole operation was performing, I lay in a
profound sleep, by the force of that soporiferous medi-
cine infused into my liquor. Fifteen hundred of the
Emperor's largest horses, each about four inches and a
half high, were employed to draw me towards the
metropolis, which, as I said, was half a mile distant.
About four hours after we began our journey, I was
awakened by a very ridiculous accident; for the carriage
being stopped a while to adjust something that was out
of order, two or three of the young natives had the
curiosity to see how I looked when I was asleep; they
climbed up into the engine, and advancing very softly
to my face, one of them, an officer in the guards, put the
sharp end of his half-pike a good way up into my left
nostril, which tickled my nose like a straw, and made
me sneeze violently: whereupon they stole off unper-
ceived, and it was three weeks before I knew the cause
of my awaking so suddenly. We made a long march
the remaining part of that day, and rested at night with
five hundred guards on each side of me, half with
torches, and half with bows and arrows, ready to shoot
me if I should offer to stir. The next morning at sun-
rise we continued our march, and arrived within two
hundred yards of the city-gates about noon. The Em-
peror, and all his court, came out to meet us, but his
great officers would by no means suffer his Majesty to
endanger his person by mounting on my body.
At the place where the carriage stopped, there stood


an ancient temple, esteemed to be the largest in the
S whole kingdom, which having been polluted some years
before by an unnatural murder, was, according to the
zeal of those people, looked on as profane, and therefore
had been applied to common use, and all the ornaments
and furniture carried away. In this edifice it was deter-
mined I should lodge. The great gate fronting to the
north was about four feet high, and almost two feet
wide, through which I could easily creep. On each side
of the gate was a small window not above six inches
from the ground : into that, on the left side, the King's
smiths conveyed four score and eleven chains, like those
that hang to a lady's watch in Europe, and almost as
large, which were locked to my left leg with six-and-
thirty padlocks. Over against this temple, on the other
side of the great highway, at twenty feet distance, there
was a turret at least five feet high. Here the Emperor
ascended with many principal lords of his court, to have
an opportunity of viewing me, as I was told, for I could
not see them. It was reckoned that above a hundred
thousand inhabitants came out of the town upon the
same errand; and in spite of my guards, I believe there
could not be fewer than ten thousand, at several times,
who mounted upon my body by the help of ladders. But
a proclamation was soon issued to forbid it upon pain of
death. When the workmen found it was impossible for
me to break loose, they cut all the strings that bound
me; whereupon I rose up with as melancholy a dis-
position as ever I had in my life. But the noise and
astonishment of the people at seeing me rise and walk


are not to be expressed. The chains that held my left
leg were about two yards long, and gave me not only
the liberty of walking backwards and forwards in a
semicircle; but being fixed within four inches of the
gate, allowed me to creep in, and lie at my full length in
the temple.

The Emperor of Lilliput, attended by several of the nobility, come
to see the Author in his confinement. The Emperor's person
and habit described. Learned men appointed to teach the
Author their language. He gains favour by his mild disposition.
His pockets are searched, and his sword and pistols taken from

W HEN I- found myself on my feet, I looked about
S me, and must confess I never beheld a more
entertaining prospect. The country round appeared like
a continued garden, and the inclosed fields, which were
generally forty feet square, resembled so many beds of
flowers. These fields were intermingled with woods of
half a stang, and the tallest trees, as I could judge,
appeared to be seven feet high. I viewed the town on
my left hand, which looked like the painted scene of a
city in a theatre.
The Emperor was already descended from the tower,
and advancing on horseback towards me, which had
like to have cost him dear; for the beast, though very
well trained, yet wholly unused to such a sight, which
appeared as if a mountain moved before him, reared up
on his hinder feet, but that prince, who is an excellent
horseman, kept his seat till his attendants ran in and
held the bridle, while his Majesty had time to dismount.


When he alighted, he surveyed me with great admira-
tion, but kept without the length of my chain. He
ordered his cooks and butlers, who were already pre-
pared to give me victuals and drink, which they pushed
forward in a sort of vehicle upon wheels till I could
reach them. I took these vehicles, and soon emptied
them all; twenty of them were filled with meat, and ten
with liquor. Each of the former afforded me two or
three good mouthfuls, and I emptied the liquor of ten
vessels, which was contained in earthen vials, into one
vehicle, drinking it off at a draught, and so I did with the
rest. The Empress, and young Princes and Princesses
of the blood, attended by many ladies, sat at some
distance in their chairs, but upon the accident that hap-
pened to the Emperor's horse, they alighted, and came
near his person, which I am now going to describe. He
is taller by almost the breadth of my nail than any of
his court, which alone is enough to strike an awe into
the beholders. His features are strong and masculine,
with an Austrian lip and arched nose, his complexion
olive, his countenance erect, his body and limbs well
proportioned, all his motions graceful, and his deport-
ment majestic. He was then past his prime, being
twenty-eight years and three-quarters old, of which he
had reigned about seven in great felicity, and generally
victorious. For the better convenience of beholding
him I lay on my side, so that my face was parallel to
his, and he stood but three yards off; however, I have
had him since many times in my hand, and therefore
cannot be deceived in the description. His dress was


very plain and simple, and the fashion of it between the
Asiatic and the European, but he had on his head a
light helmet of gold, adorned with jewels, and a plume
on the crest. He held his sword drawn in his hand, to
defend himself if I should happen to break loose. It
was almost three inches long; the hilt and scabbard
were gold, enriched with diamonds. His voice was
shrill, but very clear and articulate, and I could dis-
tinctly hear it when I stood up. The ladies and cour-
tiers were all most magnificently clad, so that the spot
they stood upon seemed to resemble a petticoat spread
ofi' the ground, embroidered with figures of gold and
silver. His Imperial Majesty spoke often to me, and I
returned answers, but neither of us could understand a
syllable. There were several of his priests and lawyers
present (as I conjectured by their habits) who were
commanded to address themselves to me, and I spoke
to them in as many languages as I had the least smat-
tering of, which were High and Low Dutch, Latin,
French, Spanish, Italian, and Lingua Franca, but all to
no purpose. After about two hours the court retired,
and I was left with a strong guard, to prevent the im-
pertinence, and probably the malice, of the rabble, who
were very impatient to crowd about me as near as they
durst, and some of them had the impudence to shoot
their arrows at me as I sat on the ground by the door of
my house, whereof one very narrowly missed my left
eye. But the colonel ordered six of the ringleaders to
be seized, and thought no punishment so proper as to
deliver them bound into my hands, which some of his


soldiers accordingly did, pushing them forwards with
the butt ends of their pikes into my reach. I took them
all in my right hand, put five of them into my coat
pocket, and as to the sixth, I made a countenance as if
I would eat him alive. The poor man squalled terribly,
and the colonel and his officers were in much pain,
especially when they saw me take out my penknife, but
I soon put them out of fear, for, looking mildly and
immediately cutting the strings he was bound with, I

Punishment of the Ringleaders.

set him gently on the ground, and away he ran. I
treated the rest in the same manner, taking them one by
one out of my pocket, and I observed both the soldiers
and people were highly obliged at this mark of my
clemency, which was represented very much to my
advantage at court.
Towards night I got with some difficulty into my
house, where I lay on the ground, and continued to do
so about a fortnight, during which time the Emperor
gave orders to have a bed prepared for me. Six hun-


dred beds of the common measure were brought in
carriages and worked up in my house, a hundred and
fifty of their beds sewn together made. up the breadth
and length, and these were four double, which, how-
ever, kept me but very indifferently from the hardness
of the floor, that was of smooth stone. By the same
computation they provided me with sheets, blankets,
and coverlets, tolerable enough for one who had been
so long inured to hardship as I.
As the news of my arrival spread through the king-
dom, it brought prodigious numbers of rich, idle, and
curious people to see me, so that the villages were
almost emptied, and great neglect-of tillage and house-
hold affairs must have ensued, if his Imperial Majesty
had not provided by several proclamations and orders of
state against this inconvenience. He directed that those
who had already beheld me should return home, and not
presume to come within fifty yards of my house, without
licence from court, whereby the. secretaries of state got
considerable fees.
In the mean time, the Emperor held frequent councils
to debate what course should be taken with me, and I
was afterwards assured by a particular friend, a person
of great quality; who was looked upon to be as much in
the secret as any, that the court was under many diffi-
culties concerning me. They apprehended my breaking
loose, that my diet would be very expensive, and might
cause a famine. Sometimes they determined to starve
me, or at least to shoot me in the face and hands with
poisoned arrows, which would soon dispatch me; but,


again, they considered that the stench of so large a
carcase might produce a plague in the metropolis, and
spread through the whole kingdom. In the midst of
these consultations, several officers of the army went to
the door of the great Council Chamber, and two of them
being admitted, gave an account of my behaviour to the
six criminals above-mentioned, which made so favour-
able an impression in the breast of his Majesty and the
whole board in my behalf, that an Imperial Commission
was issued out obliging all the villages nine hundred
yards round the city to deliver in every morning six
beeves, forty sheep, and other victuals for my sustenance,
together with a proportional quantity of bread, and
wine, and other liquors, for the due payment of which
his Majesty gave assignments upon his treasury. For
this prince lives chiefly upon his own demesnes, seldom,
except upon great occasions, raising any subsidues upon
his subjects, who are bound to attend him in his wars at
their own expense. An establishment was also. made
of six hundred persons to be my domestics, who had
board wages allowed for their maintenance, and tents
built for them very conveniently on each side of my
door. It was likewise ordered that three hundred
tailors should make me a suit of clothes after the fashion
of the country, that six of his Majesty's greatest scholars
should be employed to instruct me in their language,
and, lastly, that the Emperor's horses and those of the
nobility, and troops of guards, should be frequently
exercised in my sight to accustom themselves to me.
All these orders were duly put in execution, and in about


three weeks I made a great progress in learning their
language, during which time the Emperor frequently
honoured me with his visits, and was pleased to assist
my masters in teaching me. We began already to con-
verse together in some sort, and the first words I learnt
were to express my desire that he would please to give
me my liberty, which I every day repeated on my knees.
His answer, as I could apprehend it, was that this must
be a work of time, not to be thought on without the
advice of Council, and that first I must Lumos Kelminz
pesso desmar Ion E2moso, that is, swear a peace with him
and his kingdom. However, that I should be used with
all kindness, and he advised me to acquire by my
patience and discreet behaviour the good opinion of
himself and his subjects. He desired I would not take
it ill if he gave orders to certain proper officers to search
me, for probably I might carry about me several
weapons, which must needs be dangerous things, if they
answered the bulk of so prodigious a person. I said
his Majesty should be satisfied, for I was ready to strip
myself, and turn up my pockets before him. This I
delivered, part in words, and part by signs. He replied
that by the laws of the kingdom I must be searched by
two of his officers; that he knew this could not be done
without my consent and assistance ; that he had so good
an opinion of my generosity and justice as to trust their
persons in my hands ; that whatever they took from me
should be returned when I left the country, or paid for
at the rate which I would set upon them. I took up the
two officers in my hands, put them first into my coat


pockets, and then into every other pocket about me,
except my two fobs, and another secret pocket I had no
mind should be searched, wherein I had some little
necessaries that were of no consequence to any but
myself. In one of my fobs there was a silver watch, and
in the other a small quantity of gold in a purse. These
gentlemen, having pen, ink and paper about them, made
an exact inventory of everything they saw, and when
they had done, desired I would set them down, that they
might deliver it to the Emperor. This inventory I
afterwards translated into English, and is word for word
as follows:-
Imprimis, in the right coat pocket of the Great Man
Mountain (for so I interpret the words qzinbus Fleslrzin),
after the strictest search, we found only one great piece
of coarse cloth, large enough to be a foot-cloth for your
Majesty's chief room of state. In the left pocket, we
saw a huge silver chest, with a cover of the same metal,
which, we, the searchers, were not able to lift. We
desired it should be opened, and one of us stepping into
it, found himself up to the knee in a sort of dust, some
part whereof flying up into our faces, set us both sneez-
ing for several times together. In his right waistcoat
pocket we found a prodigious bundle of white thin
substances, folded one over another, about the size of
three men, tied with a strong cable, and marked with
black figures, which we humbly conceive to be writings,
every letter almost half as large as the palm of our
hands. In the left there was a sort of engine, from the
back of which were extended twenty long poles, resem-


bling the pallisadoes before your Majesty's Court,
wherewith we conjecture the Man Mountain combs his

An inventory made of Gulliver's effects.

head, for we did not always trouble him with questions,
because we found it a great difficulty to make him
understand us. In the large pocket on the right side of

ar -:

---i~- -s~---


his middle cover (so I translate the word ranfu-lo, by
which they meant my breeches) we saw a hollow pillar
of iron, about the length of a man, fastened to a strong
piece of timber, larger than the pillar, and upon one
side of the pillar were huge pieces of iron sticking out,
cut into strange figures, which we knew -not what to
make of. In the left pocket, another engine of the same
kind. In the smaller pocket on the right side were
several round flat pieces of white and red metal of
different bulk, some of the white, which seemed to be
silver, were so large and heavy that my comrade and I
could hardly lift them. In the left pocket were two
black pillars irregularly shaped. We could not, without
difficulty, reach the top of them as we stood at the
bottom of his pocket. One of them was covered, and
seemed all of a piece, but at the upper end of the other
there appeared a white round substance, about twice
the size of our heads. Within each of these was inclosed
a prodigious plate of steel, which, by our orders, we
obliged him to show us, because we apprehended they
might be dangerous engines. He took them out of their
cases, and told us that in his own country his practice
was to shave his beard with one of these, and to cut his
Meat with the other. There were two pockets which we
could not enter; these he called his fobs. There were
two large slits cut into the top of his middle cover, but
squeezed close by the pressure of his body. Out of the
right fob hung a great silver chain, with a wonderful
kind of engine at the bottom. We directed him to draw
out whatever was fastened to that chain, which appeared


to be a globe, half silver, and half of some transparent
metal, for on the transparent side we saw certain strange
figures circularly drawn, and thought we could touch
them, till we found our fingers stopped by that lucid
substance. He put this engine to our ears, which made
an incessant noise like that of a water-mill. And we
conjecture it is either some unknown animal or the God
that he worships, but we are more inclined to the latter
opinion, because he assured us (if we understood him
right, for he expressed himself very imperfectly) that he
seldom did anything without consulting it. He called it
his oracle, and said it pointed out the time for every action
of his life. From the left fob he took out a net almost
large enough for a fisherman, but contrived to open
and shut like a purse, and served him for the same use.
We found therein several massy pieces of yellow metal,
which, if they be real gold, must be of immense value.
Having thus, in obedience to your Majesty's com-
mands, diligently searched all his pockets, we observed
a girdle about his waist, made of the hide of some
prodigious animal; from which, on the left side, hung a
sword, of the length of five men; and, on the right, a
bag or pouch, divided into two cells, each cell capable
of holding three of your Majesty's subjects. In one of
these cells were several globes, or balls, of a most
ponderous metal, about, the size of our heads, and re-
quired a strong hand to lift them. The other cell
contained a heap of certain black grains, but of no great
bulk or weight, for we could hold above fifty of them in
the palms of our hands.


This is an exact inventory of what we found about the
body of the Man Mountain, who used. us with great
civility and due respect to your Majesty's commission.
Signed and sealed on the fourth day of the eighty-ninth
moon of your Majesty's auspicious reign.

When this inventory was read over to the Emperor, he
directed me, although in very gentle terms, to deliver
up the several particulars. He first called for my
scimitar, which I took out, scabbard and all. In the
meantime he ordered three thousand of his choicest
troops (who then attended him) to surround me, at a
distance, with their bows and arrows just ready to dis-
charge; but I did not observe it, for mine eyes were
wholly fixed upon his Majesty. He then desired me to
draw my scimitar, which, although it had got some rust
by the sea-water, was in most parts exceeding bright.
I did so, and immediately all the troops gave a shout
between terror and surprise, for the sun shone clear and
the reflection dazzled their eyes as I waved the scymitar
to and fro in my hand. His Majesty, who is a most mag-
nanimous prince, was less daunted than I could expect;
he ordered me to return it into the scabbard, and cast it
on the ground as gently as I could, about six feet from
the end of my chain. The next thing he demanded was
one of the hollow iron pillars, by which he meant my
pocket-pistols. I drew it out, and at his desire, as well
as I could, expressed to him the use of it; and charging


it only with powder, which by the closeness of my pouch
happened to escape wetting in the sea (an inconvenience
against which all prudent mariners take special care to
provide), I first cautioned the Emperor not to be afraid,
and then I let it off in the air. The astonishment here
was much greater than at the sight of my scymitar. Hun-
dreds fell down as if they had been struck dead; and
even the Emperor, although he stood his ground, could
not recover himself for some time. I delivered up both my
pistols in the same manner as I had done my scimitar,
and then my pouch of powder and bullets, begging him
that the former might be kept from the fire, for it would
kindle with the smallest spark, and blow up his Im-
perial Palace into the air. I likewise delivered up my
watch, which the Emperor was very curious to see, and
commanded two of his tallest yeomen of the guards to
bear it on a pole upon their shoulders, as draymen in
England do a barrel of ale. He was amazed at the con-
tinual noise it made, and the motion of the minute-hand,
which he could easily discern, for their sight is much
more accurate than ours, and asked the opinions of his
learned men about him, which were various and remote,
as the reader may well imagine without my repeating,
although, indeed, I could not very perfectly understand
them. I then gave up my silver and copper money, my
purse, with nine large pieces of gold and some smaller
ones; my knife and razor, my comb, and silver snuff-
box, my handkerchief and journal book. My scimitar,
pistols, and pouch were conveyed in carriages to his


Majesty's stores; but the rest of my goods were re-
turned me.
I had, as I before observed, one private pocket which
escaped their search, wherein there was a pair of spec-
tacles (which I sometimes use for the weakness of my
eyes), a pocket perspective, and several other little
conveniences, which, being of no consequence to the
Emperor, I did not think myself bound in honour to
discover, and I apprehended they might be lost or
spoiled if I ventured them out of my possession.


The Author diverts the Emperor and his nobility of both sexes in a
very uncommon manner. The diversions of the court of Lilliput
described. The Author has his liberty granted him upon certain

MY gentleness and good behaviour had gained so
far on the Emperor and his court, and, indeed,
upon the army and people in general, that I began to
conceive hopes of getting my liberty in a short time. I
took all possible methods to cultivate this favourable
disposition. The natives came by degrees to be less
apprehensive of any danger from me. I would some-
times lie down and let five or six of them dance on my
hand. And at last the boys and girls would venture to
come and play at hide and seek in my hair. I had now
made a good progress in understanding and speaking
their language. The Emperor had a mind one day to
entertain me with several of the country shows, wherein
they exceed all nations I have known, both for dexterity
and magnificence. I was diverted with none so much
as that of the rope-dancers, performed upon a slender
white thread, extended about two feet, and twelve inches
from the ground, upon which I shall desire liberty, with
the reader's patience, to enlarge a little.


This diversion is only practised by those persons who
are candidates for great employment, and high favour,
at court. They are trained in this art from their
youth, and are not always of noble birth or liberal edu-
cation. When a great office is vacant, either by death
or disgrace (which often happens) five or six of those
candidates petition the Emperor to entertain his Majesty
and the court with a dance on the rope, and whoever
jumps the highest without falling succeeds in the office.


Very often the chief ministers themselves are commanded
to show their skill, and to convince the Emperor that
they have not lost their faculty. Flimnap, the Treasurer,
is also allowed to cut a caper on the straight rope, at
least an inch higher than any other lord in the whole
empire. I have seen him do the summerset several
times together upon a trencher fixed on the rope, which
is no thicker than a common packthread in England.
My friend Reldresal, principal Secretary for private-
Affairs, is, in my opinion, if I am not partial, the second


after the Treasurer; the rest of the great officers are
much upon a par.
These diversions are often attended with fatal acci-
dents, whereof great numbers are on record. I, myself,
have seen two or three candidates break a limb. But
the danger is much greater when the ministers them-
selves are commanded to show their dexterity, for by
contending to excel themselves and their fellows, they
strain so far that there is hardly one of them who hath
not received a fall, and some of them two or three. I
was assured that a year or two before my arrival Flimnap
would have infallibly broken his neck if one of the
King's cushions, that accidentally lay on the ground,
had not weakened the force of his fall.
There is likewise another diversion, which is only
shown before the Emperor and Empress, and first
minister, upon particular occasions. The Emperor lays
on a table three fine silken threads, of six inches long.
One is purple, the other yellow, and the third white.
These threads are proposed as prizes for those persons
whom the Emperor hath a mind to distinguish by a
peculiar mark of his favour. The ceremony is performed
in his Majesty's great chamber of state; where the candi-
dates are to undergo a trial of dexterity very different
from the former, and such as I have not observed the
least resemblance of in any other country of the Old or
the New World. The Emperor holds a stick in his hands,
both ends parallel to the horizon, while the candidates,
advancing one by one, sometimes leap over the stick,
sometimes creep under it backwards and forwards


several times, according as the stick is advanced or de-
pressed. Sometimes the Emperor holds one end of the
stick and hisfirst minister the other; sometimes the minis-
ter has it entirely to himself. Whoever performs his part
with the most agility, and holds out the longest in leaping
and creeping, is rewarded with the purple-coloured
silk; the yellow is given to the next, and the white
to the third, with which they all were girt twice round
about the middle; and you see few great persons about
this court who are not adorned with one of these girdles.
The horses of the army, and those of the royal stables,
having been daily fed before me, were no longer shy,
but would come up to my very feet without starting. The
riders would leap them over my hand as I held it on the
ground, and one of the Emperor's huntsmen, upon a
large courser, took my foot, shoe and all, which was,
indeed, a prodigious leap. I had the good fortune to
divert the Emperor one day after a very extraordinary
manner. I desired he would order several sticks of two
feet high, and the thickness of an ordinary cane, to be
brought me, whereupon his Majesty commanded the
Master of his Woods to give directions accordingly, and
the next morning six woodmen arrived with as many
carriages, drawn by eight horses to each. I took nine
of these sticks, and fixing them firmly in the ground in
a quadrangular figure, two feet and a half square, I took
four other sticks, and tied them parallel at each corner,
about two feet from the ground; then I fastened my
handkerchief to the nine sticks that stood erect, and
extended it on all sides till it was as tight as the top


of. a drum; and the four parallel sticks rising about
five inches higher than the handkerchief, served as
ledges on each side. When I had finished my work, I
desired the Emperor to let a troop of his best horse,
twenty-four in number, come and exercise upon this
plain. His Majesty approved of the proposal, and I took
them up one by one in my hands, ready mounted and
armed, with the proper officers to exercise them. As
soon as they got into order, they divided into two parties,
performed mock skirmishes, discharged blunt arrows,
drew their swords, fled and pursued, attacked and retired,
and, in short, discovered the best military discipline I
ever beheld. The parallel sticks secured them and their
horses from falling over the stage; and the Emperor
was so much delighted that he ordered this entertain-
ment to be repeated several days, and once was pleased
to be lifted up, and give the word of command; and,
with great difficulty, persuaded even the Empress her-
self to let me hold her in her close chair within two
yards of the stage, from whence she was able to take a
full view of the whole performance. It was my good
fortune that no ill accident happened in these entertain-
ments; only once a fiery horse that belonged to one of
the captains, pawing with his hoof, struck a hole in my
handkerchief, and his foot slipping, he overthrew his
rider, and himself, but I immediately relieved them both,
and covering the hole with one hand, I set down the
troop with the other, in the same manner as I took them
up. The horse that fell was strained in the left shoulder,
but the rider got no hurt, and I repaired my handkerchief


as well as I could; however, I would not trust to the
strength of it any more in such dangerous enterprises.
About two or three days before I was set at liberty,
as I was entertaining the court with these kind of feats,
there arrived an express to inform his Majesty that
some of his subjects riding near the place where I was
first taken up, had seen a great black substance lying
on the ground, very oddly shaped, extending its edges
round as far as his Majesty's bedchamber, and rising up
in the middle as high as a man; that it was no living
creature, as they at first apprehended, for it lay.on the
grass without motion, and some of them had walked
round it several times; that by mounting upon each
other's shoulders they had got to the top, which was fiat
and even, and stamping upon it they found it was hollow
within; that they humbly conceived it might be some-
thing belonging to the Man-Mountain, and if his Majesty
pleased, they would undertake to bring it with only five
horses. I presently knew what they meant, and was
glad at heart to receive this intelligence. It seems upon
my first reaching the shore after our shipwreck, I was in
such confusion that before I came to the place where I
went to sleep, my hat, which I had fastened with a string
to my head while I was rowing, and had stuck on all the
time I was swimming, fell off after I came to land, the
string, as I conjecture, breaking by some accident which I
never observed, but thought my hat had been lost at sea.
I entreated his Imperial Majesty to give orders it might
be brought to me as soon as possible, describing to him
the use and the nature of. it; and the next day the


waggoners arrived with it, but not in a very good con-
dition; they had bored two holes in the brim, within an
inch and a half of the edge, and fastened two hooks in
the holes; these hooks were tied by a long cord to the
harness, and thus my hat was dragged along for above
half an English mile; but the ground in that country
being extremely smooth and level, it received less
damage than I expected.
Two days after this adventure, the Emperor having
ordered that part of his army which quarters in and
about his metropolis to be in readiness, took a fancy of
diverting himself in a very singular manner. He desired
I would stand like a Colossus, with my legs as far
asunder as I conveniently could. He then commanded
his general (who was an old experienced leader, and a
great patron of mine) to draw up the troops in close
order and march them under me, the foot by twenty-four
in a breast, and the horse by sixteen, with drums beat-
ing, colours flying, and pikes advanced. This body
consisted of three thousand foot and a thousand horse.
His Majesty gave orders, upon pain of death, that every
soldier in his march should observe the strictest decency
with regard to my person, which, however, could not
prevent some of the younger officers from turning up
their eyes as they passed under me.
I had sent so many memorials and petitions for my
liberty that his Majesty at length mentioned the matter,
first in the Cabinet, and then in a full council, where it
was opposed by none, except Skyresh Bolgolam, who
was pleased, without any provocation, to be my mortal


enemy. But it was carried against him by the whole
Board, and confirmed by the Emperor. That minister
was Galbet, or Admiral of the Realm, very much in his
master's confidence, and a person well versed in affairs,
but of a morose and sour disposition. However, he
was at length persuaded to comply, but prevailed that
the articles and conditions upon which I should be set
free, and to which I must swear, should be drawn up by
himself. These articles were brought to me by Skyresh
Bolgolam in person, attended by two under-secretaries
and several persons of distinction. After they were
read, I was demanded to swear to the performance of
them; first in the manner of my own country, and
afterwards in the manner prescribed by their laws,
which was to hold my right foot in my left hand, to place
the middle finger of my right hand on the crown of my
head, and my thumb on the tip of my right ear. But
because the reader may perhaps be curious to have some
idea of the style and manner of expression peculiar to
that people, as well as to know the articles upon which
I recovered my liberty, I have made a translation of the
whole instrument word for word, as near as I was able,
which I here offer to the public.

MULLY ULLY GUE, most Mighty Emperor of Lilliput,
Delight and Terror of the Universe, whose dominions
extend five thousand blustrugs (about twelve miles in
circumference) to the extremities of the globe; mon-
arch of all monarchs, taller than the sons of men;


whose feet press down to the centre, and whose head
strikes against the sun: at whose nod the princes of the
earth shake their knees; pleasant as the spring, com-
fortable as the summer, fruitful as autumn, dreadful as
winter: His most sublime Majesty proposeth to the
Man-Mountain, lately arrived to our Celestial Do-
minions, the following articles, which by a solemn oath
he shall be obliged to perform.
First, The Man-Mountain shall not depart from our
dominions without our licence under our great seal.
2d, He shall not presume to come into our metropolis
without our express order; at which time the inhabi-
tants shall have two hours' warning to keep within their
3rd, The said Man-Mountain shall confine his walks
to our principal highroads, and not offer to walk or lie
down in a meadow or field of corn.
4th, As he walks the said roads he shall take the
utmost care not to trample upon the bodies of any of
our loving subjects, their horses, or carriages, nor take
any of our said subjects into his hands, without their
own consent.
5th, If an express requires extraordinary dispatch, the
Man-Mountain shall be obliged to carry in his pocket
the messenger and horse a six days' journey once in
every moon, and return the said messenger back (if so
required) safe to our imperial presence.
6th, He shall be our ally against our enemies in the
island of Blefuscu, and do his utmost to destroy their
fleet, which is now preparing to invade us.


7th, That the said Man-Mountain shall, at his times
of leisure, be aiding and assisting to our workmen, in
helping to raise certain great stones, towards covering
the wall of the principal park, and other our royal
8th, That the said Man-Mountain shall, in two moons'
time, deliver in an exact survey of the circumference of
our dominions by a computation of his own paces round
the coast.
Lastly, That upon his solemn oath to observe all the
above articles, the said Man-Mountain shall have a
daily allowance of meat and drink sufficient for the
support of 1,724 of our subjects, with free access to our
royal person, and other marks of our favour. Given at
our Palace at Belfaborac, the twelfth day of the ninety-
first moon of our reign.

I swore and subscribed to these articles with great
cheerfulness and content, although some of them were not
so honourable as I could have wished; which proceeded
wholly from the malice of Skyresh Bolgolam, the High
Admiral: whereupon my chains were immediately un-
locked, and I was at full liberty; the Emperor himself
in person did me the honour to be by at the whole cere-
mony. I made my acknowledgments by prostrating
myself at his Majesty's feet: But he commanded me to
rise; and after many gracious expressions, which, to
avoid the censure of vanity, I shall not repeat, he added
that he hoped I should prove a useful servant, and well


deserve all the favours he had already conferred upon
me, or might do for the future.
The reader may please to observe that, in the last
article for the recovery of my liberty, the Emperor
stipulates to allow me a quantity of meat and drink
sufficient for the support of 1,724 Lilliputians. Some
time after, asking a friend at court how they came to fix
on that determinate number, he told me that his
Majesty's mathematicians, having taken the height of
my body by the help of a quadrant, and finding it to
exceed theirs in the proportion of twelve to one, they
concluded, from the similarity of their bodies, that mine
must contain at least 1,724 of theirs, and consequently
would require as much food as was necessary to support
that number of Lilliputians. By which, the reader may
conceive an idea of the ingenuity of that people, as well
as the prudent and exact economy of so great a prince.


Milendo, the metropolis of Lilliput, described, together with the
Emperor's palace. A conversation between the Author and a
principal secretary, concerning the affairs of that empire : the
Author's offers to serve the Emperor in his wars.

H'IHE first request I made after I had obtained my
S liberty was, that I might have licence to see
Milendo, the metropolis ; which the Emperor easily
granted me, but with a special charge to do no hurt
either to the inhabitants, or their houses. The people
had notice by proclamation of my design to visit the
town. The wall which encompassed it is two feet and
a half high, and at least eleven inches broad, so that a
coach and horses may be driven very safely round it;
and it is flanked with strong towers at ten feet distance.
I stepped over the great western gate, and passed very
gently, and sidling through the two principal streets,
only in my short waistcoat, for fear of damaging the
roofs and eaves of the houses with the skirts of my coat.
I walked with the utmost circumspection, to avoid
treading on any stragglers that might remain in the
streets, although the orders were' very strict that all
people should keep in their houses at their own peril.
The garret windows and tops of houses were so


crowded with spectators that I thought in all my travels
I had not seen a more populous place. The city is an
exact square, each side of the wall being five hundred
feet long. The two great streets which cross and divide
it into four quarters, are five feet wide. The lanes and
alleys, which I could not enter, but only viewed them as
I passed, are from twelve to eighteen inches. The towvn
is capable of holding five hundred thousand souls. The

i'. r -,

Gulliver requests permission to visit the capital of Lilliput.

houses are from three to five storeys; the shops and
markets well provided.
The Emperor's palace is in the centre of the city,
where the two great streets meet. It is enclosed by a
wall of two feet high, and twenty feet distant from the
buildings. I had his Majesty's permission to step over
this wall; and the space being so wide between that and
the palace, I could easily view it on every side. The
outward court is a square of forty feet, and includes two
other courts: in the inmost are the royal apartments,
which I was very desirous to see, but found it extremely


difficult, for the great gates, from one square into
another, were but eighteen inches high, and seven
inches wide. Now the buildings of the outer court were
at least five feet high, and it was impossible for me to
stride over them without infinite damage to the pile,
though the walls were strongly built of hewn stone,
and four inches thick. At the same time the Emperor
had a great desire that I should see the magnifcence.
of his palace; but this I was not able to do till three
days after, which I spent in cutting down with my
knife some of the largest trees in the royal park
about a hundred yards distant from the city. Of these
trees I made Lvo stools, each about three feet high
and strong enough to bear my weight. The people
having received notice a second time, I went again
through the city to the palace with my two stools in
my hands. When I came to the side of the outer
court, I stood upon one stool, and took the other in
my hand: this I lifted over the roof, and gently set it
down on the space between the first and second court,
which was eight feet wide. .I then stepped over the
buildings very conveniently from one stool to the other,
and drew up the first after me with a hooked stick.' By
this contrivance I got into the inmost court, and lying
down upon my side, I applied my face to the windows
of the middle storeys, which were left open on purpose,
and discovered the most splendid apartments that can
be imagined. There I saw the Empress and the young
princes in their several lodgings, with their chief
attendants about them. Her Imperial Majesty was


pleased to smile very graciously upon me, and gave me
out of the window her hand to kiss.
But I shall not anticipate the reader with farther
descriptions of this kind, because I reserve them for a
greater work, which is now almost ready for the press,
containing a general description of this empire from its
first erection, through a long series of princes, with a
particular account of their wars and politics, laws, learn-
ing, and religion: their plants and animals, their pecu-
liar manners and customs, with other matters very
curious and useful; my chief design at present being
only to relate such events and transactions as happened
to the public or to myself during a residence of about
nine months in that empire.
One morning, about a fortnight after I had obtained
my liberty, Reldresal, principal Secretary (as they style
him) of private Affairs, came to my house, attended only
by one servant. He ordered his coach to wait at a dis-
tance, and desired I would give him an hour's audience,
which I readily consented to, on account of his quality
and personal merits, as well as the many good offices he
had done me during my solicitations at court. I offered
to lie down, that he might the more conveniently reach
my ear; but he chose rather to let me hold him in my
hand during our conversation. He began with compli-
ments on my liberty, said he might pretend to some
merit in it; but, however, added that if it had not been
for the present situation of things at court perhaps I
might not have obtained it so soon. For, said he, as
flourishing a condition as we may appear to be in to


foreigners, we labour under two mighty evils: a violent
faction at home, and the danger of an invasion by a
most potent enemy from abroad. As to the first, you
are to understand that for above seventy moons past
there have been two struggling parties in this empire,
under the names of Tramecksan and Slamecksan,
from the high and low heels on their shoes, by which
they distinguish themselves. It is alleged, indeed, that
the high heels are most agreeable to our ancient con-
stitution; but, however this be, his Majesty hath
determined to make use of only low heels in the
administration of the government and all offices in the
gift of the Crown, as you cannot but observe; and
particularly that his Majesty's imperial heels are lower
at least by a drurr than any of his court (drurr is a
measure about the fourteenth part of an inch). The
animosities between these two parties run so high that
they will neither eat, nor drink, nor talk with each
other. We compute the Tramecksan, or high heels, to
exceed us in number; but the power is wholly on our
side. We apprehend his Imperial Highness, the heir to
the Crown, to have some tendency towards the high
heels; at least, we can plainly discover one of his heels
higher than the other, which gives him a hobble in his
gait. Now, in the midst of these intestine disquiets,
we are threatened with an invasion from the island of
Blefuscu, which is the other great empire of the uni-
verse, almost as large and powerful as this of his
Majesty. For as to what we have heard you affirm,
that there are other kingdoms and states in the world,


inhabited by human creatures as large as yourself, our
philosophers are in much doubt, and would rather
conjecture that you dropped from the moon or one of
the stars; because it is certain that a hundred mortals
of your bulk would, in a short time, destroy all the
fruits and cattle of his Majesty's dominions. Besides,
our histories of six thousand moons make no mention of
any other regions than the two great empires of Lilliput
and Blefuscu. Which two mighty powers have, as I
was going to tell you, been engaged in a most obstinate
war for six-and-thirty moons past. It began upon the
following occasion :-It is allowed on all hands that the
primitive way of breaking eggs before we eat them, was
upon the larger end: but his present Majesty's grand-
father, while he was a boy, going to eat an egg, and
breaking it according to the ancient practice, happened
to cut one of his fingers. Whereupon the Emperor, his
father, published an edict commanding all his subjects,
upon great penalties, to break the small end of their
eggs. The people so highly resented this law, that our
histories tell us there have been six rebellions raised on
that account, wherein one Emperor lost his life and
another his crown. These civil commotions were
constantly fomented by the monarchs of Blefuscu, and
when they were quelled the exiles always fled for
refuge to that empire. It is computed that eleven
thousand persons have, at several times, suffered death
rather than submit to break their eggs at the smaller
end. Many hundred large volumes have been published
upon this controversy, but the books of the Big-Endian4


have been long forbidden, and the whole party rendered
incapable by law of holding employment. During the
course of these troubles the Emperors of Blefuscu did
frequently expostulate by their ambassadors, accusing
us of making a schism in religion by offending against
a fundamental doctrine of our great prophet Lustrog,
in the fifty-fourth chapter of the Blundecral (which is
their Alcoran). This, however, is thought to be a mere
strain upon the text, for the words are these : That all
true believers shall break their eggs at the convenient
end; and which is the convenient end seems, in my
humble opinion, to be left to every man's conscience, or
at least in the power of the chief magistrate to deter-
mine. Now, the Big-Endian exiles have found so much
credit in the Emperor of Blefuscu's court, and so much
private assistance and encouragement from their party
here at home, that a bloody war hath been carried on
between the two empires for six-and-thirty moons with
various success; during which time we have lost forty
capital ships, and a much greater number of smaller
vessels, together with thirty thousand of our best
seamen and soldiers ; and the damage received by
the enemy is reckoned to be somewhat greater than
ours. However, they have now equipped a numerous
fleet, and are just preparing to make a descent upon
us; and his Imperial Majesty, placing great confidence
in your valour and strength, hath commanded me to
lay this account of his affairs before you.
I desired the Secretary to present my humble duty to
the Emperor, and to let him know that I thought it


would not become me, who was a foreigner, to interfere
with parties ; but I was ready, with the hazard of
my life, to defend his person and state against all

The Author by an extraordinary stratagem prevents an invasion.
A high title of honour is conferred upon him. Ambassadors
arrive from the Emperor of Blefuscu, and sue for peace. The
Empress's apartment on fire by an accident; the Author instru-
mental in saving the rest of the palace.

T HE empire of Blefuscu is an island situated to the
north-north-east side of Lilliput, from whence it
is parted only by a channel of eight hundred yards
wide. I had not yet seen it, and upon this notice of an
intended invasion, I avoided appearing on that side of
the coast, for fear of being discovered by some of the
enemy's ships, who had received no intelligence of me,
all intercourse between the two Empires having been
strictly forbidden during the war, upon pain of death,
and'an embargo laid by our Emperor upon all vessels
whatsoever. I communicated to his Majesty a project
I had formed of seizing the enemy's whole fleet; which,
as our scouts assured us, lay at anchor in the harbour
ready to sail with the first fair wind. I consulted the
most experienced seamen upon the depth of the channel,
which they had often plumbed, who told me, that in
the middle at high water it was seventy glumgluffs
deep, which is about six feet of European measure; and
the rest of it fifty glumgluffs at most. I walked towards


the north-east coast over against Blefuscu; and lying
down behind a hillock, took out my small pocket per-
spective glass, and viewed the enemy's fleet at anchor,
consisting of about fifty men-of-war, and a great number
of transports; I then came back to my house, and gave
order (for which I had a warrant) for a great quantity
of the strongest cable and bars of iron. The cable was
.about as thick as packthread, and the bars of the
length and size of a knitting-needle. I trebled the


Gulliver wades across to the enemy's fleet.

cable to make it stronger, and for the same reason I
twisted three of the iron bars together, binding the
extremities into a hook. Having thus fixed fifty hooks
to as many cables, I went back to the north-east coast,
and putting off my coat, shoes, and stockings, walked
into the sea in my leather jerkin, about half an hour
before high water. I waded with what haste I could,
and swam in the middle about thirty yards till I felt
ground; I arrived to the fleet in less than half an hour.
The enemy was so frightened when they saw me, that


they leaped out of their ships and swam to shore, where
there could not be fewer than thirty thousand souls. I
then took my tackling, and fastening a hook to the hole
at the prow of each, I tied all the cords together at the
end. While I was thus employed the enemy discharged
several thousand arrows, many of which stuck in my
hands and face; and besides the excessive smart, gave
me much disturbance in my work. My greatest appre-
hension was for my eyes, which I should have infallibly
lost, if I had not suddenly thought of an expedient. I
kept among other little necessaries a pair of spectacles
in a private pocket, which, as I observed before, had
escaped the Emperor's searchers. These I took out and
fastened as strongly as I could upon my nose, and thus
armed went on boldly with my work, in spite of the
enemy's arrows, many of which struck against the
glasses of my spectacles, but without any other effect,
farther than a little to discompose them. I had now
fastened all the hooks, and taking the knot in my hand,
began to pull, but not a ship would stir, for they were
all too fast held by their anchors, so that the bold part
of my enterprise remained. I therefore let -go the cord,
and leaving the hooks fixed to the ships, I resolutely
cut with my knife the cables that fastened the anchors,
receiving above two hundred shots in my face and
hands; then I took up the knotted end of the cables
to which my hooks were tied, and with great ease drew
fifty of the enemy's largest men-of-war after me.
The Blefuscudians, who had not the least imagination
of what I intended, were at first confounded with aston-


ishment. They had seen me cut the cables, and thought

my design was only to let the ships run adrift, or fall

--3 -

Gulliver captures the fleet of the Blefuscudians.

foul on each other; but when they perceived the whole

fleet moving in order, and saw me pulling at the end,

they set up such a scream of grief and despair, that it is

--~-------- -- ----;~_~~= ----~-----~i-~--;~--

i-- ;---;
= '" -'i -'


almost impossible to describe or conceive. When I
had got out of danger, I stopped a while to- pick out
the arrows that stuck in my hands and face, and rubbed
on some of the same ointment that was given me at my
first arrival, as I have formerly mentioned. I-then took
off my spectacles, and waiting about an hour till the
tide was a little fallen, I waded through the middle
with my cargo, and arrived safe at the Royal Port of
The Emperor and his whole court stood on the shore
expecting the issue of this great adventure. They saw
the ships move forward in a large half-moon, but could
not,discern me, who was up to my breast in water.
When I advanced to the middle of the channel they
were yet more in pain because I was under water to
my neck. The Emperor concluded me to be drowned,
and that the enemy's fleet was approaching in a hostile
manner; but he was soon eased of his fears, for the
channel growing shallower every step I made, I came
in a short time within hearing, and holding up the end
of the cable by which the fleet was fastened, I cried in
a loud voice, Long live the most puissant Emperor of
Lilliput! This great prince received me at my landing
with all possible encomiums, and created me a Nardac
upon the spot, which is the highest title of honour
among them.
His Majesty desired I would take some other oppor-
tunity of bringing all the rest of his enemy's ships into
his forts. And so unmeasurable is the ambition of
princes that he seemed to think of nothing less than


reducing the whole Empire of Blefuscu into a province,
and governing it by a Viceroy; of destroying the Big-
Endian Exiles, and compelling that people to break the
smaller end of their eggs, by which he would remain the
sole monarch of the whole world. But I endeavoured to
divert him from this design by many arguments drawn
from the topics of policy as well as justice; and I
plainly protested that I would never be an instrument
of bringing a free and brave people into slavery. And
when the matter was debated in Council the wisest part
of the Ministry were of my opinion.

A Blefuscudian man-of-war.

This open bold declaration of mine was so opposite
to the schemes and politics of his Imperial Majesty,
that he could never forgive it; he mentioned it in a
very artful manner at Council, where I was told that
some of the wisest appeared, at least, by their silence,
to be of my opinion; but others, who were my secret
enemies, could not forbear some expressions, which by
a side-wind reflected on me. And from this time began
an intrigue between his Majesty and a junto of ministers
maliciously bent against me, which broke out in less
.than two months, and had like to have ended in my


utter destruction. Of so little weight are the greatest
services to princes, when put into the balance with a
refusal to gratify their passions.
About three weeks after this exploit there arrived a
solemn embassy from Blefuscu, with humble offers of a
peace; which was soon concluded upon conditions very
advantageous to our Emperor, wherewith I shall not
trouble the reader. There were six Ambassadors, with
a train of about five hundred persons, and their entry
was very magnificent, suitable to the grandeur of their
master, and the importance of their business. When
their treaty was finished, wherein I did them several
good offices by the credit I now had, or at least
appeared to have at court, their excellencies, who were
privately told how much I had been their friend, made
me a visit in form. They began with many compli-
ments upon my valour and generosity, invited me to
that Kingdom in the Emperor their master's name, and
desired me to show them some proofs of my prodigious
strength, c.f which they had heard so many wonders;
wherein I readily obliged them, but shall not trouble
the reader with the particulars.
When I had for some time entertained their excel-
lencies to their infinite satisfaction and surprise, I
desired they would do me the honour to present my
most humble respects to the Emperor their master, the
renown of whose virtues had so justly filled the whole
world with admiration, and whose royal person I re-
solved to attend before I returned to my own country;
accordingly, the next time I had the honour to see our


Emperor, I desired his general licence to wait on the
Blefuscudian monarch, which he was pleased to grant
me, as I could plainly perceive, in a very cold manner;
but could not guess the reason till I had a whisper from
a certain person, that Flimnap and Bolgolam had repre-
sented my intercourse with those Ambassadors as a
mark of disaffection, from which I am sure my heart
was wholly free. And this was the first time I began
to conceive some imperfect idea of Courts and Min-
It is to be observed that these Ambassadors spoke to
me by an interpreter, the languages of both Empires
differing as much from each other as any two in
Europe, and each nation priding itself upon the
antiquity, beauty, and energy of its own tongue, with
an avowed contempt for that of their neighbour; yet
our Emperor standing upon the advantage he had got
by the seizure of their fleet,' obliged them to deliver
their credentials, and make their speech in the Lillipu-
tian tongue. And it must be confessed, that from the
great intercourse of trade and commerce between both
realms, from the continual reception of exiles, which is
usual among them, and from the custom in each Empire
to send their young nobility and richer gentry to the
other, in order to polish themselves by seeing the world,
and understanding men and manners; there are few
persons of distinction, or merchants, or seamen, who
dwell in the maritime parts, but what can hold conver-
sation in both tongues; as I found some weeks after,
when I went to pay my respects to the Emperor of


Blefuscu, which in the midst of great misfortunes,
through the malice of my enemies, proved a very happy
adventure to me, as I shall relate in its proper place.
The reader may remember that when I signed those
articles upon which I recovered my liberty, there were
some which I disliked upon account of their being too
servile, neither could anything but an extreme necessity
have forced me to submit. But being now a nardac, of
the highest rank in that Empire, such offices were
looked upon as below my dignity, and the Emperor (to
do him justice) never once mentioned them to me.
However, it was not long before I had an opportunity
of doing his Majesty, at least, as I then thought, a
most signal service. I was alarmed at midnight with
cries of many hundred people at my door, by which
being suddenly awakened, I was in some kind of terror.
I heard the word Burglum repeated incessantly: several
of the Emperor's court making their way through the
crowd, entreated me to come immediately to the palace,
where her Imperial Majesty's apartment was on fire, by
the carelessness of a Maid of Honour, who fell asleep
while she was reading a romance. I got up in an
instant, and orders being given to clear the way before
me, and it being likewise a moonshine night, I made a
shift to get to the palace without trampling on any of
the people. I found they had already applied ladders
to the walls of the apartment, and were well provided
with buckets, but the water was at some distance.
These buckets were about the size of a large thimble,
and the poor people supplied me with them as fast as


they could; but the flame was so violent that they did
little good. I might easily have stifled it with my coat,
which I unfortunately left behind me for haste, and came
away only in my leather jerkin. The case seemed
wholly desperate and deplorable, and this magnificent
palace would have infallibly been burnt down to the
ground, if, by a presence of mind, unusual to me, I had
not suddenly thought of an expedient. In consequence
of the great difficulty of providing me with washing
accommodation inside the temple, a brewer's vat had
been assigned to me. This, for the convenience of
obtaining a sufficient supply of water, was placed by
the side of a well, near the entrance to the city, and,
therefore, at no great distance from the palace.
Coming home late the previous night I had washed
myself before retiring to rest; and by great good for-
tune (as I thought) the suds had not been thrown away.
I lost no time in carrying the vat to the palace, and as
it contained nearly an English gallon of water, I was
able to use it with such good effect that in three minutes
the fire was wholly extinguished and the rest of that
noble pile, which had cost so many ages in erecting,
preserved from destruction.
It was now daylight, and I returned to my house
without waiting to congratulate with the Emperor;
because, although I had done a very eminent piece of
service, yet I could not tell how his Majesty might
resent the manner by which I had performed it. For
by-the fundamental laws of the realm it is capital in
any person, of what quality soever, to throw any foul


or waste matter within the precincts of the palace; and
I ought, therefore, to have emptied my vat and filled
it again with clean water from the well before using it
to extinguish the fire. But I was a little comforted by
a message from his Majesty that he would give orders
to the Grand Justiciary for passing my pardon in form;
which, however, I could not obtain. And I was pri-
vately assured the Empress, conceiving the greatest
abhorrence of what I had done, removed to the most
distant side of the court, firmly resolved that those
buildings should never be repaired for her use; and in
the presence of her chief confidants, could not forbear
vowing revenge.


Of the inhabitants of Lilliput; their learning, laws, and customs, the
manner of educating their children. The Author's way of living
in that country. His vindication of a great lady.

A LTHOUGH I intend to leave the description of
this Empire to a particular treatise, yet in the
meantime I am content to gratify the curious reader
with some general ideas. As the common size of the
natives is somewhat under six inches high, so there is
an exact proportion in all other animals, as well as
plants and trees; for instance, the tallest horses and
oxen are between four and five inches in height, the
sheep an inch and a half, more or less ; their geese about
the size of a sparrow, and so the several gradations
downwards, till you come to the smallest, which, to my
sight, were almost invisible; but nature had adapted
the eyes of the Lilliputians to all objects proper for
their view. They see with great exactness, but at no
great distance. And to show the sharpness of their
sight, toward objects that are near, I have been much
pleased observing a cook pulling a lark, which was not
so large as a common fly; and a young girl threading
an invisible needle with invisible silk. Their tallest
trees are about seven feet high ; I mean some of those


in the great Royal Park, the tops whereof I could but
just reach with my fist clenched. The other vegetables
are in the same proportion; but this I leave to the
reader's imagination.
I shall say but little at present of their learning,
which for many ages hath flourished in all its branches
among them; but their manner of writing is very
peculiar, being neither from the left to the right, like
the Europeans; nor from the right to the left, like the
Arabians; nor from up to down, like the Chinese;
nor from down to up, like the Cascagians; but aslant
from one corner of the paper to the other, like ladies in
They bury their dead with their heads directly down-
wards, because they hold an opinion that in eleven
thousand moons they are all to rise again, in which
period the earth (which they conceive to be flat) will
turn upside down, and by this means they shall, at
their resurrection, be found ready standing on their
feet. The learned among them confess the absurdity of
this doctrine, but the practice still continues, in com-
pliance to the vulgar.
There are some laws and customs in this Empire very
peculiar, and if they were not so directly contrary to
those of my own dear country I should be tempted to
say a little in their justification. It is only to be
wished that they were as well executed. The first I
shall mention relates to informers. All crimes against
the state are punished here -with the utmost severity;
but if the person accused maketh his innocence plainly


to appear upon his trial, the accuser is immediately put
to an ignominious death; and out of his goods or lands,
the innocent person is quadruply recompensed for the
loss of his time, for the danger he underwent, for the
hardship of his imprisonment, and for all the charges
he hath been at in making his defence. Or, if that fund
be deficient, it is largely supplied by the crown. The
Emperor docs also confer on him some public mark of

Metaphorical authors hooted in the streets of Lilliput.

his favour, and proclamation is made of his innocence
through the whole city.
They look upon fraud as a greater crime than theft,
and therefore seldom fail to punish it with death; for
they allege, that care and vigilance, with a very com-
mon understanding, may preserve a man's goods from
thieves, but honesty has no fence against superior
cunning; and since it. is necessary that there should be
a perpetual intercourse of buying and selling, and deal-
ing upon credit, where fraud is permitted or connived at,
or hath no law to punish it, the honest dealer is always


undone and the knave gets the advantage. I remember
when I was once interceding with the King for a
criminal who had wronged his master of a great sum of
money, which he received by order, and ran away
with; and happening to tell his Majesty, by way of
extenuation, that it was only a breach of trust, the
Emperor thought it monstrous in me to offer, as a
defence, the greatest aggravation of the crime; and
truly I had little to say in return, farther than the
common answer, that different nations had different
customs; for, I confess, I was heartily ashamed.
Although we usually call reward and punishment the
two hinges upon which all government turns, yet I
could never observe this maxim to be put in practice
by any nation except that of Lilliput. Whoever can
there bring sufficient proof that he has strictly observed
the laws of his country for seventy-three moons has a
claim to certain privileges, according to his quality
and condition of life, with a proportionable sum of
money out of a fund appropriated for that use; he
likewise acquires the title of Snilpall, or Legal, which
is added to his name, but does not descend to his
posterity. And these people thought it a prodigious
defect of policy among us, when I told them that our
laws were enforced only by penalties without any
mention of reward. It is upon this account that the
image of justice, in their courts of judicature, is formed
with six eyes, two before, as many behind, and on each
side one, to signify circumspection; with a bag of gold
open in her right hand, and a sword sheathed in her


left, to show she is more disposed to reward than to
In choosing persons for all employment, they have
more regard to good morals than to great abilities; for,
since government is necessary to mankind, they believe
that the common size of human understandings is fitted
to some station or other, and that providence never
intended to make the management of public affairs a
mystery, to be comprehended only by a few persons of
sublime genius, of which there seldom are three born
in an age; but they suppose truth, justice, temperance,
and the like, to be in every man's power; the practice
of which virtues, assisted by experience and. a good
intention, would qualify any man for the service of his
country, except where a course of study is required.
But they thought the want of moral virtues was so far
from being supplied by superior endowments of the
mind that employment could never be put into such
dangerous hands as those of persons so qualified; and
at least, that the mistakes committed by ignorance in a
virtuous disposition, would never be of such fatal conse-
quence to the public weal, as the practices of a man whose
inclinations led him to be corrupt, and had great abilities
to manage and multiply, and defend his corruptions.
In like manner, the disbelief of a Divine Providence
renders a man incapable of holding any public station,
for since Kings avow themselves to be the deputies of
Providence, the Lilliputians think nothing can be more
absurd than for a prince to employ such men as disown
the authority under which he acts.


In relating these and the following laws I would only
be understood to mean the original institutions, and not
the most scandalous corruptions into which these people
are fallen by the degenerate nature of man. For as to
that infamous practice of acquiring great employment
by dancing on the ropes, or badges of favour and dis-
tinction by leaping over sticks, and creeping under
them, the reader is to observe that they were first
introduced by the grandfather of the Emperor now
reigning, and grew to the present height by the gradual
increase of party and faction.
Ingratitude is among them a capital crime, as we
read it to have been in some other countries; for they
reason thus, that whoever makes ill returns to his
benefactor, must needs be a common enemy to the
rest of mankind, from whom he hath received no
obligation, and therefore such a man is not fit to live.
Their notions relating to the duties of parents and
children differ extremely from ours. For they- will
never allow that a child is under any obligation to his
father or his mother for his birth which, considering
the miseries of human life, was neither a benefit in
itself, or intended so by his parents. Upon these and
the like reasoning, their opinion is, that parents are
the last of ail others to be trusted with the education
of their own children; and therefore they have in every
town public nurseries, where all parents, except
cottagers and labourers, are obliged to send their
infants of both sexes to be reared and educated when
they come to the age of twenty moons, at which time


they are supposed to have some rudiments of docility.
These schools are'of several kinds, suited to different
qualities, and to both sexes. They have certain pro-
fessors well skilled in preparing children for such a
condition of life as befits the rank of their parents, and
their own capacities as well as inclinations. I shall
first say something of the male nurseries, and then of
the female.
The nurseries for males of noble or eminent birth are
provided with grave and learned professors, and their
several deputies. The clothes and food of the children
are plain and simple. They are bred up in the princi-
ples of honour, justice, courage, modesty, clemency,
religion, and love of their country; they are always
employed in some business, except in the times of
eating and sleeping, which are very short, and two
hours for diversions, consisting of bodily exercises.
They are dressed by men till four years of age, and
then are obliged to dress themselves, although their
quality be ever so great; and the women attendants,
who are aged proportionably to ours at fifty, perform
only the most menial offices. They are never suffered
to converse with servants, but go together in small or
greater numbers to take their diversions, and always in
the presence of a professor, or one of his deputies,
whereby they avoid those early bad impressions of folly
and vice to which our children are subject. Their
parents are suffered to see them only twice a year;
the visit is to last but an hour. They are allowed to
kiss the child at meeting and parting; but a professor,


who always stands by on those occasions, will not
suffer them to whisper, or use any fondling expres-
sions, or bring any presents of toys, sweetmeats, and
the like.
The pension from each family for the education and
entertainment of a child, upon failure of due payment,
is levied by the Emperor's officers.
The nurseries for children of ordinary gentlemen,
merchants, traders, and handicrafts, are managed pro-
portionably after the same manner; only those designed
for trades are put out apprentices at eleven years old,
whereas those of persons of quality continue in their
nurseries till fifteen, which answers to one and twenty
with us; but the confinement is gradually lessened for
the last three years.
In the female nurseries the young girls of quality are
educated much like the males, only they are dressed by
orderly servants of their own sex, but always in the
presence of a professor or deputy, till they come to
dress themselves, which is at five years old. And if it
be found that these nurses ever presume to entertain
the girls with frightful or foolish stories, or the common
follies practised by chamber-maids among us, they are
publicly whipped thrice about the city, imprisoned for a
year, and banished for life to the most desolate part of
the country. Thus the young ladies there are as much
ashamed of being cowards and fools, as the men, and
despise all personal ornaments beyond decency and
cleanliness. Neither did I perceive any difference in
their education, made by their difference of sex, only


that the exercises of the females were not altogether so
robust; and that some rules were given them relating
to domestic life, and a smaller compass of learning was
enjoined them; for the maxim is, that among people of
quality a wife should be always a reasonable and agree-
able companion, because she cannot always be young.
When the girls are twelve years old, which among
them is the marriageable age, their parents or guardians
take them home, with great expressions of gratitude to
the professors, and seldom without tears of the young
lady and her companions.
In the nurseries of females of the meaner sort, the
children are instructed in all kinds of works proper for
their sex and their several degrees; those intended for
apprentices are dismissed at nine years old, the rest are
kept to thirteen.
The meaner families who have children at these
nurseries are obliged, besides their annual pension,
which is as low as possible, to return to the steward of
the nursery a small monthly share of their getting, to
be a portion for the child, and therefore all parents are
limited in their expenses by the law. For the Lillipu-
tians think nothing can be more unjust than for people
to leave the burden of supporting their children on the
public. As to persons of quality, they give security to
appropriate a certain sum for each child, suitable to
their condition; and these funds are always managed
with good husbandry, and the most exact justice.
The cottagers and labourers keep their children at
home, their business being only to till and cultivate the


earth, and therefore their education is of little conse-.
quence to the public; but the old and diseased among
them are supported by hospitals; for begging is a trade
unknown in this kingdom.
And here it may perhaps divert the curious reader,
to give some account of my manner of living in this
country, during a residence of nine months and thirteen
days. Having a head mechanically turned, and being
likewise forced by necessity, I had made for myself a
table and chair convenient enough, out of the largest
trees in the Royal Park. Two hundred sempstresses
were employed to make me shirts, and linen for my
bed and table, all of the strongest and coarsest kind
they could get; which, however, they were forced to
quilt together in several folds, for the thickest was some
degrees finer than lawn. Their linen is usually three
inches wide, and three foot make a piece. The semp-
stresses took my measure as I lay on the ground, one
standing at my neck, and another at my knee with a
strong cord extended, that each held by the end, while
the third measured the length of the cord with a rule of
an inch long. Then they measured my right thumb,
and desired no more; for by a mathematical computa-
tion, that twice round the thumb is once round the
wrist, and so on to the neck and the waist, and by the
help of my old shirt, which I displayed on the ground
before them for a pattern, they fitted me exactly. Three
hundred tailors were employed in the same manner to
make me clothes; but they had another contrivance for
taking my measure. I kneeled down, and they raised


a ladder from the ground to my neck; upon this ladder
one of them mounted, and let fall a plumb line from my
collar to the floor, which just answered the length of
my coat; but my waist and arms I measured myself.
When my clothes were finished, which was done in my
house (for the largest of theirs would not be able to
hold them) they looked like the patchwork made by
the ladies in England, only that mine were all of a
I had three hundred cooks to dress my victuals, in
little convenient huts built about my house, where they
and their families lived, and prepared me two dishes a-
piece. I took up twenty waiters in my hand, and placed
them on the table. A hundred more attended below
on the ground, some with dishes of meat, and some with
barrels of wine, and other liquors, slung on their shoul-
ders, all which the waiters above drew up as I wanted,
in a very ingenious manner, by certain cords, as we
draw the bucket up a well in Europe. A dish of their
meat was a good mouthful, and a barrel of their liquor a
reasonable draught. Their mutton yields to ours, but
their beef was excellent. I have had a sirloin so large,
that I have been forced to make three bites of it, but
this is rare. My servants were astonished to see me eat
it, bones and all, as in our country we do the leg of a
lark. Their geese and turkeys I usually eat at a mouth-
ful, and I must confess they far exceed ours. Of their
smaller fowl I could take up twenty or thirty at the end
of my knife.
One day his Imperial Majesty being informed of my


way of living, desired that himself, and his Royal
Consort, with the young princes of the blood of both
sexes, might have the happiness, as he was pleased to
call it, of dining with me. They came accordingly, and
I placed them upon chairs of state on my table, just
over against me, with their guards about them. Flim-
nap, the Lord High Treasurer, attended there likewise,
with his white staff, and I observed he often looked on
me with a sour countenance, which I would not seem to
regard, but eat more than usual, in honour to my dear
country, as well as to fill the court with admiration. I
have some private reason to believe that this visit from
his Majesty gave Flimnap an opportunity of doing me
ill offices to his master. That minister had always been
my secret enemy, though he outwardly caressed me
more than was usual to the moroseness of his nature.
He represented to the Emperor the low condition of his
treasury; that he was forced to take up money at great
discount; that exchequer bills would not circulate under
nine per cent. below par; that, in short, I had cost his
Majesty above a million and a half of sprugs (their
greatest gold coin, about the size of a spangle), and,
upon the whole, that it would be advisable in the Em-
peror to take the first fair occasion of dismissing me.
I am here obliged to vindicate the reputation of an
excellent lady, who was an innocent sufferer upon my
account. The Treasurer took a fancy to be jealous of
his wife, from the malice of some evil tongues, who
informed him that her Grace had taken a violent affec-
tion for my person, and the court scandal ran for some


time that she once came privately to my lodging.
This I solemnly declare to be a most infamous false-
hood, without any ground farther than that her Grace
was pleased to treat me with all innocent marks of free-
dom and friendship. I own she came often to myhouse,
but always publicly, nor ever without three more in the
coach, who were usually her sister and young daughter
and some particular acquaintance, but this was common
to many other ladies of the court. And I still appeal to
my servants round, whether they at any time saw a
coach at my door without knowing what persons were
in it. On those occasions, when a servant had given me
notice, my custom was to go immediately to the door,
and, after paying my respects, to take up the coach and
two horses very carefully in my hands (for if there were
six horses the postillion always unharnessed four) and
place them on a table, where I had fixed a movable
rim quite round, of five inches high, to prevent accidents.
And I have often had four coaches and horses at once
on my table full of company, while I sat in my chair,
leaning my face towards them, and when I was engaged
with one set, the coachmen would gently drive the
others round my table. I have passed many an after-
noon very agreeably in these conversations. But I defy
the Treasurer, or his two informers (I will name them,
and let them make their best of it), Clustril and Drunlo,
to prove that any person ever came to me incognilo,
except the Secretary Reldresal, who was sent by express
command of his Imperial Majesty, as I have before
related. I should not have dwelt so long upon this


particular, if it had not been a point wherein the repu-
tation of a great lady is so nearly concerned, to say
nothing of my own, though I had then the honour to be
a Nardac, which the Treasurer himself is not, for all the
world knows he is only a Glumglum, a title inferior by
one degree, as that of a Marquis is to a Duke in
England, although I allow he preceded me in right of
his post. These false informations, which I afterwards
came to the knowledge of by an accident not proper to
mention, made Flimnap, the Treasurer, show his lady
for some time an ill countenance, and me a worse, and,
although he was at last undeceived and reconciled to
her, yet I lost all credit with him, and found my interest
decline very fast with the Emperor himself, who was,
indeed, too much governed by that favourite.


The Author being informed of a design to accuse him of high
treason, makes his escape to Blefuscu. His reception there.

B EFORE I proceed to give an account of my leaving
this kingdom, it may be proper to inform the reader
of a private intrigue which had been for two months
forming against me.
I had been hitherto all my life a stranger to courts,
for which I was unqualified by the meanness of my
condition. I had indeed heard and read enough of "he
dispositions of great princes and ministers, but never
expected to have found such terrible effects of them in
so remote a country, governed, as I thought, by very
different maxims from those of Europe.
When I was just preparing to pay my attendance on
the Emperor of Blefuscu, a considerable person at court
(to whom I had been very serviceable at a time when he
lay under the highest displeasure of his Imperial
Majesty), came to my house very privately at night in a
close chair, and, without sending his name, desired
admittance. The chair-men were dismissed; I put the
chair, with his lordship in it, into my coat pocket, and
giving orders to a trusty servant to say I was indisposed
and gone to sleep, I fastened the door of my house,


placed the chair on the table according to my usual
custom, and sat down by it. After the common saluta-
tions were over, observing his lordship's countenance full
of concern, and enquiring into the reason, he desired I
would hear him with patience in a matter that highly
concerned my honour and my life. His speech was to
the following effect, for I took notes of it as soon as he
left me.
You are to know, said he, that several committees of

A Court official \isit Gulliver.

council have been lately called in the most private
manner on your account, and it is but two days since
his Majesty came to a full resolution.
You are very sensible that Skyris Bolgolam (Galbet,
or High Admiral) hath been your mortal enemy almost
ever since your arrival. His original reasons I know
not, but his hatred is much increased since your great
success against Blefuscu, by which his glory, as Admiral,
is obscured. This lord, in conjunction with Flimnap,
the High Treaurer, whose enmity against you is noto-


rious on account of his lady, Limtoc, the general, Lalcon,
the Chamberlain, and Balmuff, the grand Justiciary,
have prepared articles of impeachment against you for
treason and other capital crimes.
This preface made me so impatient, being conscious
of my own merits and innocence, that I was going to
interrupt, when he entreated me to be silent, and thus
Out of gratitude for the favours you have done me,
I procured information of the whole proceedings, and a
copy of the articles, wherein I venture my head for your

Article I.
Whereas, by a Statute made in the Reign of his
Imperial Majesty, Calin Deffar Plune, it is enacted,
That whoever shall throw any foul or waste matter
within the precincts of the Royal palace shall be liable
to the pains and penalties of High Treason. Notwith-
standing, the said Quinbus Flestrin, in open breach of
the said law, under colour of extinguishing the fire
kindled in the apartment of his Majesty's dear Imperial
Consort, did maliciously, traitorously, and devilishly, by
means of a great torrent of foul soap suds, put out the
said fire kindled in the said apartment, lying and being
within the precincts.of the said Royal palace, against
the statute in that case provided, etc., against the duty,


Article II.
That the said Quinbus Flestrin, having brought the
Imperial Fleet of Blefuscu into the Royal Port, and
being afterwards commanded by his Imperial Majesty
to seize all the other ships of the said Empire of
Blefuscu, and reduce that Empire to a province, to be
governed by a Viceroy from hence, and to destroy and
put to death not only all the Big-Endian Exiles, but
likewise all the people of that empire, who would not
immediately forsake the Big-Endian Heresy, he, the
said Flestrin, like a false traitor against his most
Auspicious, Serene, Imperial Majesty, did petition to be
excused from the said service upon pretence of unwilling-
ness to force the consciences, or destroy the liberties and
lives of an innocent people.

Article III.
That, whereas certain ambassadors arrived from the
Court of Blefuscu, to sue for peace in his Majesty's
Court, he, the said Flestrin, did, like a false traitor, aid,
abet, comfort, and divert the said ambassadors, although
he knew them to be servants of a prince who was lately
an open enemy to his Imperial Majesty, and in open
war against his said Majesty.

Article IV.
That the said Quinbus Flestrin, contrary to the duty
of a faithful subject, is now preparing to make a voyage
to the Court and Empire of Blefuscu, for which he hath
received only verbal licence from his Imperial Majesty,


and under colour of the said licence dcth falsely and
traitorously intend to take the said voyage, and thereby
to aid, comfort, and abet the Emperor of Blefuscu, so
late an enemy and in open war with his Imperial Majesty
There are some other articles, but these are the most
important, of which I have read you an abstract.
In the several debates upon this impeachment, it
must be confessed that his Majesty gave many marks of
his great lenity, often urging the services you had done
him, and endeavouring to extenuate your crimes. The
Treasurer and Admiral insisted that you should be put
to the most painful and ignominious death, by setting
fire on your house at night, and the General was to
attend with twenty thousand men armed with poisoned
arrows to shoot you on the face and hands. Some of
your servants were to have private orders to strew a
poisonous juice on your shirts, which would soon make
you tear your own flesh and die in the utmost torture.
The General came into the same opinion, so that for a
long time there was a majority against you; but his
Majesty, resolving, if possible, to spare your life, at last
brought off the chamberlain.
Upon this incident, Reldresal, Principal Secretary for
Private Affairs, who always approved himself your
true friend, was commanded by the Emperor to deliver
his opinion, which he accordingly did, and therein
justified the good thoughts you have of him. He al-
lowed your crimes to be great, but that still there was
room for mercy, the most commendable virtue in a

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