Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 How Anectanabus was king of Egypt,...
 Of Olympias and Anectanabus, of...
 How Alexander tamed the horse Bucephalus,...
 Tells of the embassy of Darius,...
 How Alexander gathered an army...
 Tells of the foray of Kadesh, and...
 How Alexander came to Jerusalem,...
 Tells how Darius the emperor sent...
 Tells how Alexander destroyed Thebes...
 How Alexander defeated the Persians,...
 Tells of the battle between Alexander...
 How Alexander married Roxana, the...
 How Alexander and his men passed...
 How Alexander and his army passed...
 How the Brahmans came to king Alexander...
 How Alexander passed through the...
 How Alexander came to the trees...
 How Alexander slew Porus and won...
 Tells how Alexander defeated Gog...
 How Alexander came to his life's...
 Back Cover

Title: The story of Alexander
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00082647/00001
 Material Information
Title: The story of Alexander
Physical Description: xiii, 1, 225 p., 6 leaves of plates : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Steele, Robert
Mason, Fred ( Illustrator )
Nutt, David ( Publisher, Printer )
Ballantyne, Hanson and Co ( Printer )
Publisher: David Nutt /
Place of Publication: London
Manufacturer: Ballantyne, Hanson & Co.
Publication Date: 1894
Subject: Children -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Kings and rulers -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Magic -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Inheritance and succession -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Armies -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
War -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Battles -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Voyages and travels -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Adventure and adventurers -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
History -- Juvenile literature -- Macedonia   ( lcsh )
Biographical fiction -- 1894   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1894
Genre: Biographical fiction   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Statement of Responsibility: told by Robert Steele & drawn by Fred Mason.
General Note: Title page printed in red and black.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00082647
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002237809
notis - ALH8302
oclc - 222019889

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Half Title
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Title Page
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
    Table of Contents
        Page xi
        Page xii
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
    How Anectanabus was king of Egypt, and why he fled into the land of Macedon
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Of Olympias and Anectanabus, of the magic he wrought, and of the birth of Alexander
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 12a
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    How Alexander tamed the horse Bucephalus, and how he did his first deed of arms
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    Tells of the embassy of Darius, of the death of Philip, and the crowning of Alexander
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 32a
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    How Alexander gathered an army together: how he built Alexandria and laid siege to the city of Tyre
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
    Tells of the foray of Kadesh, and of its ending, and of the taking of the city of Tyre
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
    How Alexander came to Jerusalem, how the bishop met him, and what there befell him
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
    Tells how Darius the emperor sent presents to Alexander, and what was the present sent back to him
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 66a
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
    Tells how Alexander destroyed Thebes and how it was rebuilt and of his return to Persia
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
    How Alexander defeated the Persians, and how he went to the feast of Darius
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
    Tells of the battle between Alexander and Darius, and of the slaying of Darius
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
    How Alexander married Roxana, the daughter of the emperor, and how he defeated Porus the king of India
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
    How Alexander and his men passed the night of fear, and how he saw the greatest and the least thing on Earth
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
    How Alexander and his army passed through the valley of terror and sought the wells of life
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 132a
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
    How the Brahmans came to king Alexander and what he learnt from them: and of the coming of the Amazons
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
    How Alexander passed through the land of darkness and slew the basilisk
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
    How Alexander came to the trees of the sun and the moon, and what they told him
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
    How Alexander slew Porus and won back the wife of Candoyl and was known of Candace when he came to her
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
    Tells how Alexander defeated Gog and Magog, how he went up into the air, and down into the sea
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 202a
        Page 203
    How Alexander came to his life's end and was buried, and what thereon befell
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text


M. M. S.




When I promised some months ago to tell you a
fairy story, I did not remember that most of them have been
so well told by my friend Mr. Jacobs, and others, that it would
be difficult to find any fresh ones worth telling you.
Then I remembered that there was a time, hundreds of years
ago, when folk here in England were fond of hearing and telling
stories, and when, in the long winter evenings, people gathered
round the castle-fire in the great hall, lord and lady, squires and
dames, pages, varlets, children, even the dogs, all of them listen-
ing to the old chaplain who read them a never-ending tale of a
brave knight and a wicked enchanter; or, better still, to a travelling
tale-teller who brought the last story from France and Italy.
"Now," thought I, "the tales that pleased these folk so well
would perhaps suit young people of to-day." For the men who
lived then were large hearted and simple souled, and if it is true,
as our great English poet said, "Men are but children of a
larger growth "-and it was true of that time--perhaps the
vii stories


stories of the men of those days would still have the power to
please the children of ours.
Well, I began to turn over some of those big books you have
seen in my room, and to read their stories again to choose one
for you, and the first story I read was the History of Alexander
the Great. You must not be frightened about the tale, however;
there are no dates and summaries at the ends of the chapters to
learn, and, though I believe every word of it myself, I am afraid
that if you were to put some of it in your examination paper on
Greek History, the mistress who marked it would be annoyed,
and I am certain that you will not find the pictures like those of
the Greeks in your other books. This is only a tale, and the
Alexander and Darius, the Greeks and the Jews, it tells about, are
not the ones you have read of, but different people with the same
The reason for choosing the story of Alexander to tell you is
this: it was the earliest and one of the most interesting of the
stories of the Middle Age. Everyone liked it, everyone knew
something about it, and everyone told it his own way. Even the
animals (in a tale of Reynard the Fox) liked it, and one of them
told it to the lion. All the English poets of those days knew and
loved it. If, then, you could read any of the Middle Age tales,
you could read this one.
So you must now fancy that times are changed; you are
sitting in some great castle-hall, and all the people round you are
in dresses like those that Mr. Mason has drawn for you; perhaps
you are sitting on a throne like the queen in the picture, and I
am sitting on the stool before you, and I begin to tell you a
viii story

story of the bravest knight in the world, his wars, and the
wonderful things he saw and did. And as all the young folk
gather round and listen, if the older folk come with them and
bring the great Latin book to see if I tell the story right, when
they can get it (for it is very rare) they will find that I have
taken the story-teller's privilege-I have left out much that was
not interesting, and I have told you some things the old story-
tellers used to leave out.
Perhaps you willfind that there is too much fighting in the
story : if so, remember that it was nearly the only game people
played at in those days, so that it took the place of rowing or
tennis, cycling or cricket among the young people then. But the
fighting had this serious side to it-that a young lady might wake
any morning and find an army besieging her home, ready to
burn it down and carry her away prisoner. So, you see, every-
one understood about fighting and took an interest in hearing
of it.
And now I leave you with your story. If it pleases you,
and shows you who were the heroes of our ancestors, and what
were the stories they delighted in, it will have reached the
object of
Your loving liegeman
R. S.







TYRE . 47

HIM . 55









HIM 159




NCE UPON A TIME a king reigned
over the land of Egypt, whose name was
Anectanabus. In his time that land was
the richest in the world, and its people
were wise and happy; but Anectanabus
was the wisest and the noblest of them, and under
his rule all men, both great and small, prospered.
The field-workers ploughed and reaped, the mer-
chants travelled and chaffered, the wise men studied
and wrote and taught, and the great lords watched
over the land, helped the poor, and guarded all men.
Shortly to say, the land of Egypt was in those days
the home of plenty and of peace, of mirth and of game.
Now Anectanabus was, above all men, skilled in
the arts of magic, for he had learned the secrets of
Egypt that were not written down in books, but cut
I A in

in the stone on the sides of the great temples, and
on the Pillars of the Sun: and when he was a young
man he had been taken into the secret chambers of
the Pyramids, and had been laid in the stone coffin
of the gods, and there the secrets had been whispered
to him which the kings and priests of Egypt had
discovered for a thousand years. And chief of all
his crafts, he had the power of making images of
men to do what he would, and whatever the images
did, that the men they were like to, did: and he used
this art to save his land from war. For if a fleet of
ships came to attack his land he would make images
of them in wax to float on water, and images of his
own ships, and then he would cause the ships of the
enemy to turn and flee before his ships or ever a
blow was struck, and as he did, so it happened in
the war. Or if an army came against him, he caused
it to flee in the same way, so that no king of the
countries about dared to come out and make war on
Egypt. And many other arts he used, but all for
the good of his land, so that men loved him and
served him with joy.
It fell upon a day that Anectanabus was sitting in
his palace hall on his dais, and round him were his
dukes and princes, and the great hall of the palace
was filled with men in rich array. In that land, the
king showed himself to men but rarely, and when he
did so he was clothed in his noblest and fairest
dress, with his crown on his head, and his nobles
2 and

and all men were dressed in their best, so that the
hall shone with gold, and sparkled and dazzled with
gems and stones, and the blue and scarlet and purple
and green of the nobles filled the place with a flood
of colour. The chief men of a certain city had peti-
tioned the king about a certain matter, and a great
duke had just risen from his seat to speak about it,
when a cry was heard outside, and through the open
doors, past the great screen, a man in half armour
covered with dust and foam rushed into the presence
of the king. Then the heralds hurried up to him,
and crossing their wands before him, asked of him
his errand, and why he entered the hall of the king
in such unseemly dress. But he, heeding their
words never a whit, pressed forward, called out with
a loud voice, "0 King, the Persians are on us," and
straightway staggered, and fell down lifeless, for he
had ridden hard without rest and sleep with the
message of the lord warden of the sea.
A great silence fell on the hall, men looked on
each other's faces but none spoke or moved; then
the silence was broken by the shuffle of the heralds
bearing away the body of the messenger, and the
dukes drew up nearer to one another, but still no
man spoke; for the king's face was dark and
troubled, and he had asked none for counsel. Now
Anectanabus was troubled, not because he feared the
enemy, but because he had never before been taken
by surprise, for ever he knew by his magic art the
3 words

words of the message before they were uttered. So
he sat silent for a while, but at last he bethought
himself, and rose and left the hall, going to a little
room behind the dais, where he could be alone, for
he sought to know by his magic art who, and how
many, and where were his foes. But the great lords
sat on in silence in the king's hall, waiting till some
of them should be sent against the foe, and silently
and noiselessly the people passed out of the hall.
As soon as Anectanabus was alone in his room,
he went to a coffer of oak covered with broad bands
of steel, and opened it with a golden key which he
drew from his breast. Then he drew out a robe of
fair white linen, and putting off his rich attire he
clothed himself in it, keeping on his golden crown.
Taking some spices, he threw them on a brazier of
burning embers, and opened the casements of the
room, and round and round the brazier he went till
a heavy smoke filled the room, and hung over a
great copper bowl of water on the table in the middle
of it. This done, Anectanabus took a short wand of
polished steel in his hand and pointing it across the
bowl to the four quarters of the earth-North, East,
South, West-he began to utter spells. And now
it seemed as if the smoke from the room gathered
over the water, and disappeared, leaving the room
full of light, and the outside day darkened, and
looking on the surface of the water the king saw a
fleet of ships coming in full sail towards him. But
4 what

what an endless number of them there seemed to
be,-ships large and small, beating the waves with
their oars, over their sides hanging the shields of
dukes and earls and knights, the sun shining from
their weapons, the masts and pennons rising like a
forest, and high over all the banner of Persia flying,
the rising sun conquering the night. Then Anec-
tanabus touched the water with his wand, and all
the ships vanished, and the air of the room was clear
and bright.
With a grave face and a heavy heart Anectanabus
returned to his lords, and ordered them to meet in
arms on the sea-coast in seven days, there to keep
the land from Persians or any other foes, and he
dismissed them each to his place, after he had spoken
brave words to them, and reminded them of the
victories they had won, "and," he said, though the
enemy be many, one lion puts many deer to flight,
and we may well destroy our foes as we have done
before." But ever in his heart he feared, for that
the foe had come upon him by surprise, and his
magic art had told him nothing of it.
In the night, when all men slept, he rose and went
to the room in which he wrought all his magic, and
clothed himself in the white robes, and brought forth
his instruments from the oaken box, and cast a
yellow powder on the brazier. Then he filled the
great copper bowl with water, looking black in the
dim light of the room, and:taking wax he moulded
5 ships,

ships, some white, some black, and set them to float
on the water in the vessel. Next he drew from the
box a rod of palm-wood and touched them one by one,
and as he did so they separated and gathered into
two fleets at either side of the bowl. Then throwing
some incense on the brazier, Anectanabus began to
mutter his magic words, and round and round the
bowl he walked, and the first time he threw in some
gold, and the second time a stone, and the third
time some dust. Soon the two fleets began to move
towards one another, and Anectanabus began to in-
voke destruction on the enemy as he was wont to
do; but when the battle was joined, he saw that the
ships of Egypt were one by one destroyed or taken,
nor could any of his mightiest spells turn the battle.
So he saw that the gods had forsaken him, and that
there was no hope for him; and he deemed it better
to go away and let his kingdom fall into the hands
of the Persians, than to resist them without hope of
victory, and to be made a slave at the end; and his
heart was great, and he had no son or daughter for
whom to fight.
The next day he rose and went about with a light
heart and a merry cheer, and did the things that
were to be done, and when night fell he laid off the
royal robes and the crown of Egypt, and dressed
him as one of the wise clerks of the land, and went
to the barber and caused him to shave off his beard,
and cut his hair, so that no man should know him,
6 and

and he gathered store of gold and jewels, such as he
could carry, and his instruments of magic and of
star-reading, and called to him three of his servants
who had, served him all his life, and when they were
loaded with his gear, he slipped out at a postern
gate of the palace, and set off on foot into the world,
not knowing where he should go. Long would it
be to tell what lands he passed through, how he
went from Egypt into Ethiopia, and from thence he
passed through many countries till at the last he
came to Macedon, where it fell that he settled and
ended his days. But no one ever thought him to
be anything but some diviner or soothsayer, nor wist
the folk that he had been a mighty king of men.
The tale tells of the care he left behind him in his
palace when men found that he had gone. The
princes sought their lord in his private chambers,
and when he was not to be seen there, knights and
barons ran about with tears on their cheeks, their
ladies swooned, and all men cursed the day. At the
last, when they could get no news, they joined in
procession to the temple of Serapis, the greatest of
their gods, to ask his aid and counsel in their sore
strait, and there they burned rich incense, and offered
many noble gifts and sacrifices. Then the god gave
them this answer: Fear not, 0 folk, for your king
is safe. Ye shall be subject to the Persians, nor
may ye any way escape. But cease your sorrow;
the son of his works shall return, he shall avenge
7 your

your defeat, he shall destroy Persia, he shall be the
noblest Emperor of the world."
So this people made an image of Anectanabus in
black marble, dressed in his royal robes, sceptre in
hand, and crown on head, and beneath the statue
was graved in golden letters the prophecy of their
god Serapis, that men might have it in mind in
the evil days that were on them. For the Persians
conquered them, and year by year they treated them
more hardly, and life was bitter to them, and the
Egyptians looked back year after year to the happy
days of Anectanabus, the last king of Egypt, and
waited in hope till he should come back again.

T FELL ON A DAY that as Anec-
tanabus was travelling through the land
of Macedon, he came to the chief city of
the land, and there his yeomen took
lodging for him, and he thought to dwell
there some days, for the city was fair and well placed
on a fertile plain, and it was in the month of May.
And when he talked to the men of the town he heard
say that Philip, the king of the land, had gone out
to war, but that he had left there his queen Olympias
to govern the folk, and that the next day was, as it
happened, the feast of her birthday. Now this queen
had custom on feast days to ride out into the country
near, and there sports and tournaments were held,
and all folk rejoiced before her. So Anectanabus
thought in his mind that he would go out and look
9 upon

upon her, for he had heard that Olympias was the
fairest woman in Greece,-nay, in all the world.
Early next day after meat, the queen mounted a
white mule and rode through the city to the plain,
with her wise men and her maids about her, and
much she joyed to see the fair show that the city
made, for everywhere that she came the town was
hung with rich hangings and embroidery, and every
man was eager to see the queen, and at all corners
were bands of maidens singing and beating drums
and timbrels. So the queen rode through the city,
and when she came to the plain, each man did his
best in the sports, if by any means he could gain a
prize from her hands. Among the crowd of men on
the plain was Anectanabus, and he looked not at
one thing or another but only at the queen, so that
at the last she turned and saw him, and because he
was unlike all other there in clothing and in bearing
she took notice of him and saw at once that he was
a stranger: and since he looked ever at her face nor
looked away when she turned to him, at the end
she sent men to him to know who he was. So
he came and did her reverence, and she asked him
who he was and what he would, and he told her
that he was a clerk, and that he went from place to
place, doing the will of the great gods: and Olym-
pias bade him come to her at the palace.
Now every day the queen sat on the royal seat in
the great hall of the palace, and men came to her
10 and

and spoke before her of good and bad, and among
the rest next day came Anectanabus. And as the
queen looked upon him, he bowed him down, and
said, "Hail, fair Queen of Macedon;" and the queen
noted his speech, for he spoke as one that was a king
and not as a clerk, though he were clothed in weeds
of drab and went with shaven crown. So she made
him to sit down before her on a silk-covered seat,
and she began to question him full fairly, whether
he were of Egypt, and what manner of folk were in
that land, and what was the learning of its wise men
-for she knew by his tongue that he was an out-
lander, and belike an Egyptian. And Anectanabus
answered her and told her of the land of Egypt, and
of its wonders, and of its wisdom, how some men
told the meaning of dreams, and whether they were
true or false, and when they should come to pass;
some men understood the song of the birds and the
voice of beasts; some could tell of the birth of
children, and of the length of life; some could de-
clare the secret counsels of men, which never were
spoken to any one; and some could read the course
of the -stars and the signs of heaven, and say what
shall come to pass in few years' time-" and, fair
Queen," continued he, "I have so clear a knowledge
of all these arts, that I can prove myself a master in
each of them." So saying, he leaned forward from
his seat, and stared in a study, still as a stone, at her
face. Then said the queen, What art thou musing
II on,

on, Master; why dost thou sit so still?" "I am
thinking, 0 Queen," said he, "on the words of my
god, who long ago told me that I should sit in a
strange land an exile, and see the fairest queen on
earth." Then the queen prayed him to show her
how he sought out these things, and he drew out of
his bosom a little box with seven pieces of ivory in
it, and he showed her how by casting these he could
tell what should happen to men, and answer ques-
tions about their deeds. And he showed her seven
precious stones, on each of which a wondrous figure
was carved, which preserved men who wore them
from all harm. And then he drew out his table of
ivory with three rings upon it, by which he read the
stars: the first ring was of brass, and on it were
marked the twelve houses of fate; the second was
of bright silver, and on it were marked wondrous
beasts, the twelve signs of the heavens; and the
third was of red gold, and on it were marked the
sun and the moon; and as he showed them he told
her the course of the stars, and how they governed
the life of men.
And Olympias said to him, "0 Master, tell me
the day on which my lord that I love was born, and
then I shall know thy skill." "Small skill were
that," said Anectanabus, "to tell the past; is there
naught of the future you would learn?" "Yea,"
said the Queen, "tell me what shall part Philip and
me, for it is told me by my wise women that if
12 he


he returns from battle he shall take another wife,
and send me away for ever." Nay, not for ever,"
said the Egyptian, not for ever, nor for long shall
he put thee away, for will he nill he, he must have
thee for his queen." Then Olympias wondered
greatly, and she asked Anectanabus how this should
be, and the wise man answered and told her, how
that the great god of her country, Ammon, should
give her a fair son who should help her all his life,
and how that the god would protect her till her son
was grown. Then was the queen right glad, and
she promised Anectanabus that when these things
should happen she would honour him all her life.
Then the wise man rose from his seat, and after
looking on the queen for a while, went from the hall
to make his enchantments as at other times.
Now that night the moonwas at full, when all herbs
have their strongest might, so Anectanabus got him
forth from the city into a wild place, where no man
might see him, and there he drew up herbs for his
enchantments, marking the fairest and best, and
when the hour of the moon was come he plucked
them out by the roots, and washed the earth from
them in running water. Then he ground them
together in a mortar, and wrung out the juice, and
he made an image of the queen in white wax, and
anointed it with the juice of the plants he had
gathered, and calling on the powers of the air with
his conjurations, he made a dream for the queen.
13 So

So she, lying in her palace alone, saw a huge
dragon enter and circle the room three times-then
it came and stood before her, and, lo it was a man,
but a man in shape like to her god; and the man
told her that she should have a son who should
defend her in all her cares, and override all her foes.
Then the queen woke from her dream, and stretched
out her hands to the god she had seen, but the room
was dark, so, springing from her bed, she ran to the
door, but that was safely fast, and groping round
she found naught in the room; and sad that her
dream was false, she fell asleep again thinking of
the wise Egyptian, who, mayhap, should tell her what
it meant.
Early on the morrow the queen rose from her
sleep, and sent her housecarles for Anectanabus in
haste; then when he came she took him apart and
told him all her dream. Then said he to the queen :
" If thou art willing, and not afraid, I can show thee
this god face to face, and thou waking; but thine
eyes must be opened to see him."
So was the queen glad, and she assigned him a
room in her palace; and the next night did
Anectanabus, by his art magic, change himself
into a dragon such as the queen had seen in her
dream, and flying through the air with his heavy
wings he came into the place of the queen. Then
she rose up to meet him, but the sight was so
terrible to her that she covered her face with her
14 hands;

hands; but soon she heard a voice bidding her look
up, and lol before her was the figure of her god
Ammon-a strong, fair man, bearing on his head
two horns. Then was she glad of her life, that she
alone of all living women had seen this thing; and
he spoke to her of all the things that Anectanabus
had told her, and of how her son should ride through
the world.
So fell she to sleep, and when she woke in the
morning light there was none there, and the doors
of the palace were fast, and great thanks she gave to
Anectanabus for his magic, for she wist not that her
god was but a show of the wise Egyptian.
But in that same night that the queen had dreamed,
the Egyptian had so wrought his enchantments
that in the hour of Philip's star he too had fallen
asleep, and he dreamed that a dragon had taken him
up through the air, and had borne him off to his own
palace, and to the room in which Olympias, his
queen, lay sleeping. Then tried he to draw near
her, but she felt not his touch nor heard his voice;
and suddenly he was ware of a god in the room in
the shape of Ammon, and the god came to the queen
and laid his hand on her, and waked her, and sealed
her with a gold seal. So Philip drew near, and saw
that on this seal were three things graved-the head
of a mighty lion, the burst of the morning sun rising
over the world, and a sharp, keen blade of a sword;
and he heard the god say: "Woman, thy son that
15 I give

I give thee shall be thy defender." Now Philip
when he woke, was so sore troubled by his dream
that he called on his diviners to say to him what it
should mean. Then said the chief of the magicians:
" 0 King, this thy dream means that thy wife shall
give thee a son fair and mighty. And because on
the seal thou sawest a lion's head, as the lion is the
chief of all beasts, this son shall be a chief and a
master among all chieftains. And since on the seal
was the burst of the sunrise, so shall this son ride
through the world, and everywhere shall he be
exalted till he comes to the Land of the East; and
the biting brand showeth that by his sword shall
nations out of number be conquered and bow to
him. But for the dragon that bore thee from hence
to thy own land, he shall be to thee for an aid, and
that right soon." And then was the king glad in his
But Anectanabus knew by his box of stones how
that Philip should be sore beset on a certain day,
and so, going out into a desert place, he called up to
him by art magic a great bird from the sea, with
broad wings, great beak, and strong claws like iron.
And as it drew near him it circled him seven times,
and then sunk down at his feet. Then the Egyptian
took and rubbed him with the juice of the plants he
had gathered, from wingtip to wingtip, and from
head to tail, and then with his mightiest spells he
sent him forth over land and sea. And lo he
16 seemed

seemed no more a sea bird, but a mighty dragon
flying through the air. But far away Philip was in
deadly battle, for he had been all day fighting, and
now was he wearied, and a great stone had struck
him, so that he reeled to the ground, and his men
were at point to fly, and his foes were clamouring
with joy, and their eyes were burning to slay, when
the great dragon flew towards them, and men paused
to see what should happen, and lo! it fell on the
foemen, and first on him who had struck down
Philip, and men's swords fell on it and were
shivered, and none dared to see its face, and the
men of Macedon took fresh heart, and Philip
sprang up shouting, "The God, the Gods for us "
and the foe were routed and their king slain, and far
away the great dragon rose in the air and disap-
peared, no man knowing whither.
So Philip came home with much joy, honoured
of men, and when he met his queen he kissed her
fair, and they spoke of their dreams, and of what the
god had promised them. And it fell that two
wonders happened to them. For one day as they
sat at meat in the hall, and folk around them great
and small, a great dragon came into the palace, and
men fled, save some that drew sword and turned
pale, but the king cried out: Faith, but this is the
noble dragon that turned the fight for us that other
even." Then the king was glad, but the great worm
came slowly up the hall till it reached the queen, and
17 B there

there it raised its head on her knees, and she knew
it for the dragon that had come to her, and lifted
its head and kissed it, and all men looked for some
change; but the dragon turned and went its way out
as it came in, and those outside saw nought save
the Egyptian diviner standing at the gate.
And one other day, as Philip sat in his great hall,
with all his nobles and chief men round him, there
came a singing-bird into the hall and sang a sweet
song, and circled his head, and came and sat on his
knee, and there dropped an egg and flew away. Then
as the king sat and looked, the egg rolled from his
knee and fell to the ground, and there it broke, and
a little worm came out and crawled about, but soon
it died. Then a great clerk near him said: This
signifieth, O king, that thy blithe lady's son shall
walk the world and win it, and die a bitter death
before he may return." These were the wonders
that happened ere the birth of Alexander.

Now drew on the time when this noble child
was to be born, and as he came to earth temples and
towers tumbled on heaps, thunder rang through the
welkin, darkness fell over the earth, the wind rose
and blew, the lightning flashed over the land, and
great stones fell from the sky. Then Philip feared,
and said: "Surely this son that is born shall do
great things, and men will call me the father of this
child"; and with that he went to Olympias and
18 comforted

comforted her. But the child grew, nor was he like
to father nor mother. His hair was yellow-tawny,
like a lion's, his eyes were bright and glistening,
piercing like blazing stars; grim and fierce was his
look, one of his eyes black as a coal, the other yellow
like gold; his voice was loud, even from his first
cry, nor could any hear it without inward fear.
Alexander was his name, and the wisest man of all
the world, Aristotle, was his tutor, nor would he
learn of other. Clever and wise was he, nor did he
sit with the crowd of boys, but on a bench beside his
master, for it became not a king's son to sit down
undistinguished from other boys. In four or five
years he learnt more than many scholars learn in
seventy winters. And when he was eleven years old
he set him to learn the art and craft of battle, to
wield a spear and a lance, to ride a noble steed in
armour, so that in a few years was none equal to
him, and in adventures of arms he surpassed all men.
It fell on a day that Philip the king was with him,
and greatly did he praise him for his deeds, and
much was his heart moved towards him; but he
said: Sorely my mind is troubled that nought of
me hast thou in look, nor height, nor colour, whereby
men may know that thou art my son": for Philip
was tall and black and dark-eyed. Then was the
noble queen Olympias grieved when she heard tell
of the king's saying, and she sent for Anectanabus,
the Egyptian, and he came, but with little speed,
19 for

for he was now old and grey. And when he was
before her, she asked him what should fall of the
king's speech, for ever she had feared the doom that
was to come; but he comforted her, and bade her
fear not, for he read day and night the stars for her,
and none of the king's thoughts were against her.
So he went out, and Alexander with him, and as
they went, ever the Egyptian looked at the stars,
and down at the ground, and sighed. So Alexander
asked him at what planet was he looking, and
Anectanabus showed it him. Then he asked him
why he sighed, and the Egyptian said: "My-hour
draws near, the son of my works shall slay me!
Look over our heads and see that red star shine-
the star of Hercules, how bitterly it moves, but
noble Mercury shines ever, and great Jove, how
jollily he shines-the doom of my destiny is on me."
And as he said the word, Alexander stumbled for-
ward, and pushing the unhappyEgyptian, he fell from
the wall of the town where they were walking into
the ditch which surrounded it, and with a cry sank.
The youth plunged in after him, but when he found
his body the old man was dead, and with what
grief we cannot tell, Alexander carried home the
body of Anectanabus to the palace of his mother.
Let others tell the story of her grief, of her tears,
and of the splendid tomb of the exiled king-I


0 IT WAS THAT there was at this
time a certain prince in the land of
Cappadocia, and in the night as he lay
sleeping a vision came to him, and it
seemed that his room was filled with a
shimmering blaze of light, and while he looked a great
dragon came into the room, and he shut his eyes for
fear. Then there came a voice, saying, "Fear
not, O king, but look up, and hearken to my
words," and when he raised his head he saw
an exceeding fair man standing in the room, and
he had two horns on his head, and a golden crown
like one of the gods. Then the vision bade him
convey the horse Bucephalus to the land of Mace-
donia to king Philip; and tell him that he who
should tame this horse should rule the land after
21 him.

him. The prince answered, "Where is this horse
Bucephalus that I may take him ?" and the vision
said that on the morrow the horse should be
brought him. And suddenly the room was dark,
but the prince lay turning this matter in his mind
till the grey of the first dawn, and he slept.
On the morrow as he sat on his seat under the
oak of judgment, there came to him some of the
country folk bringing with them a fair white colt,
and his mouth was bound with iron chains. As
they came near the king asked them whose was the
foal and why they brought him in chains; and the
men answered that this colt was so wild that no
man dare go near him to mount him, and that he
would take no food since he had left his mother but
the flesh of men. Then they consulted the priest of
the temple, and he bade them carry the young horse
to the king, for he would never be tamed but by a
great king's son, nor could any other man mount
him. So the king gave them a great reward and
they went their way. Now the horse had on his
forehead two bones like small horns, and the men
called him for that Bucephalus.
Now when the horse was brought to Philip the
king of Macedonia he was fain of him, for he was of
noble form, and it seemed as if he would be the best
horse in the world, so he thanked the prince greatly,
and made men build a stable for the horse of iron
bars, strong and good. Therein was he put, and
22 men

men doomed to death were brought to that place
and thrown to him, and he tore them to pieces, and
fed on them. And no manwillingly went near the
stable in which he was. V
It fell on a day when Alexander was come to
youth, that he chanced to stand at a window of the
palace while this wild horse was being led by in iron
chains, and the prince wondered at the sight, for it
seemed to him that this was the noblest of horses,
and he could not tell why he was kept in chains.
But when he had come down to the courtyard the
grooms had gone, so he followed them searching for
the horse's stable, and at the last he came upon the
iron house, and looking into it he wondered at the
horrible things he saw there. Then one of the
grooms came up to him and told him how the horse
fed on man's flesh, and how that should be till he
was tamed and ridden by a great king's son. Hear-
ing this Alexander went up to the bars and called
the horse, and the wild animal came up to them,
and laid out his neck. Then the prince put his
hand through the bars and Bucephalus licked it,
and folded his feet and fell to the ground, looking
up into Alexander's face.
Thus was the horse tamed, and Alexander lifted
up the gate-bolts and entered the stable boldly, and
stroked Bucephalus on his back with his hand,
while the horse turned his head round and watched
him fondly. Then he got a bridle and saddle, and
23 girt

girt him round and loosed his chains, and leaping
on his back rode him off, while the good white
horse obeyed the rein as if he had been ridden ten
years. Now, while Alexander was riding him round
the courtyard, men had run to king Philip and had
told him how the prince had gone into the cage of
the fierce man-eating horse, and the king came down
to see what should hap, and found Alexander master
of the horse. Then Philip the fierce remembered
the saying of the gods, and he greeted him with
words of praise, and said, "Son, of a truth thou
shalt reign in my stead when. I am gone, and the
land shall wax great. Ask now a gift of me, and I
will give it." "Then," said Alexander, "make me
a knight, and a chief with men-at-arms to follow me."
Great was the joy of Philip that his son's first
wish was to be a leader of men in war, and that he
had done this great thing, so he granted it with
good will. "I give thee, 0 son," said he, "one
hundred of my best horses, and sixty thousand gold
pieces from my coffers, and the best of my chieftains
and proved princes to be thy men, and free of my
house shalt thou be, to abide there in peace, or to
go from it to seek adventure in war. Thou hast
done a man's deed, and man shalt thou be called."
Then the prince gave him lowly thanks, and sped
off to gather together a little band of twelve chief-
tains, picked and proved, leaders of men, whom he
had chosen to lead his men, and when this was
24 done

done each got together tried men to follow them till
the number of the band was made up.
Now when Alexander had got together his band,
he made ready to go out in search of his first
adventure, and in few days he rode out into the
world in knightly array into a land unknown, nor
did he stay until he came into the land of Pelo-
ponnesus. Now the king of this land was called
Nicholas, and when tidings were brought him that
a band of strange knights had come into his land, he
ordered that a host should be gathered together, and
he with a few knights rode out far before his
following, and came to the men of Alexander and
gan question them in his wrath and anger, "Oh, ye
knights, who is your leader, and why come you here
in my land?" Then the courteous knight Alex-
ander came to the front: "Sir knight," said he,
" Philip the fierce, king of Macedon, is my father,
and I am his heir Alexander." And the king stood
up in his stirrups, and sternly looking at him, said,
"Whom think you that I am ?" Sir," said Alex-
ander, "you are as now king of this folk, nor do I
grudge your honour, but beware of pride, for wise
men tell that the highest thing falls soonest, and
that which is least of all is ofttimes brought to the
"True is thy word," said the king, "and soon
shalt thou prove its truth it may be; look well to
thyself lest thy speech come home to thee."
25 Then

Then Alexander burst into rage, and with bitter
words ordered him to return to his following if he
wished safety, and Nicholas the king, flaming with
bitter wasplike anger, took up a handful of mud
and threw it in the face of Alexander, and swore by
the heart of his father that he would put him to
death with his own hands if he fled not. But the
noble Alexander controlled his rage at the foul
insult, and keeping his face by a mighty effort,
though his hands were gripping each other through,
said, "As thou hast wronged me causelessly,
Nicholas, I swear by my father and by my god that
thou shalt see me ere long for this cause, and that I
shall take thy land from thee, or thou my life from
me." So a day was set for them to meet in fight,
and they parted on either side.
Now were men on both parts getting them ready
for the fight. Alexander hurried home into Macedon
and assembled a mighty host of knights and archers,
men proved and skilled in arms. And when the
host was assembled, with his princes and captains,
he sought the presence of Philip and took his leave,
and mounting Bucephalus his brave white horse, he
led, first of all, his army out of the broad gates of
the town. So on the appointed day the field is
covered with the array of either host, and now men
lift up the banners and shake them out to the wind,
and the clarions sound out till the whole field rings
with the music, and the woods and the hills answer
26 them

them again. Then each noble prepares for battle,
his helm on his head he strides to his horse, and
jumps on his steel-clad saddle, he hangs round his
throat his bright shimmering shield, and handles
his lance. Then is the stamping of steeds, the
stripping of banners, the clouds of dust rise in the
air, and suddenly the crowds meet with a shock in
the middle of the plain. Now the steeds rear up
against each other, and the spears break through
the blazoned shields and through the helmet bars,
while the cypress lance shafts splinter into frag-
ments, and down fall knights and dukes from their
Well and nobly did the young Alexander fight
his first battle. Sir Nicholas took him a spear,
and rushed on the young knight to get him a name,
and to keep his oath that he had sworn. Then
Alexander took another lance from his squire, for
the first one was strained in the fight by this time
and might betray him, and they met one another in
the field, and men stayed to see this fight. So sore
were their strokes that the long lances split, even
from point to handgrip, so that there was not an ell
long piece in either man's hand. Then each threw
the fragment away, and out flashed their swords
from the sheaths, and they hacked and hewed at
each other through mail-coat and helmet. But mail
and helm were good and gave not way, till Alex-
ander grew mad with rage, and with one full stroke
27 he

he struck off the head of King Nicholas clear through
the neck and helm, and he fell down to the earth.
So it was that Alexander got him great worship by
this victory, for all the men of that country and
their lords came to him, and falling on their knees
put them in his mercy, and acknowledged him as
ruler of the land. Thus he defeated his enemy, and
revenged the insult of King Nicholas, and returned
home with fame and good to his father.
The tale tells that as he entered Macedon he
found the town at feast, and his father at his high
table; but another woman sat in the seat of the
queen, for Philip had put away Olympias, as the seers
had told her years before. So Alexander bowed
him down meekly in seeming, and said, Father, I
pray thee receive the fruits of my first victory ere I
go hence to the wedding." "And whose wedding
dost thou go to?" said the king. "To my mother's,"
said he, for I will marry her to some noble king,
and I will make him the greatest king on earth, for
it likes me not to stay here while she is in disgrace,
and I know not for what." Then Philip grew white
with wrath, but one Lysias, a knight at the table,
said, 0 king, heed not his talk, for this fair queen
shall bring thee a son greater than him." Turning
to him, Alexander with his truncheon struck him a
blow so that he fell dead to the ground, and men said
that in truth he had deserved it; but Philip started
up at the deed, and snatching a blade rushed on
28 Alexander,

Alexander, aiming a fierce blow at him, for the gods
had blinded his eyes so that he knew not wisdom
from folly, or right-doing from wrong. But as he
came on, his feet failed him, and ere he reached
Alexander the king staggered, stumbled, and fell to
the ground, though no man saw cause for it. Then
Alexander laughed out loud, and said, Does the
Governor of Greece fear one youth? What ails
thee to fall ?" and he struck over the tables of the
feast, and dragging the bride out of the hall by her
hair he brought her to his mother, for his heart was
full of wrath at the wrong done to her, while Philip
was carried away stricken with sore sickness. Thus
was his mother avenged, and the marriage feast
But when Alexander's wrath cooled it came into
his heart to make peace between Philip and his
mother, and rising up he went to the bed of Philip,
and there he spoke words as a friend might speak,
and the gods put in the king's heart to forgive the
death of Lysias, and to reconcile him to his wife;
and so the king rose up, and leaning on Alexander's
shoulder, went with him to Olympias, and there he
took her in his arms and kissed her, and forgave
all her faults, and she was made queen again, and
reigned in Macedon to her life's end.


HE TALE TELLS that on a day men
told in Macedon that an embassy from the
Emperor of the World, Darius of Persia,
was drawing near; and the whole city
came out, men, women, and children, to
see them enter. But there was doubt and fear in the
court of Philip, for they were coming to demand
from him the tribute which he had not paid for the
last three years, and the king had made up his
mind to be no more subject to the Persians, and
Alexander had sworn to conquer them in war if his
father would raise an army against them, but Philip
would not, for he knew that no man could count the
armies of Darius, spent he his whole life to that end.
And so the heralds came riding up to the gate of
the town mounted on their high steeds, and there
30 were

were three of them, and each of them was a king,
and wore armour of proof. On each man's head was
a golden crown, and their pages bore before them
their helmets. The herald who was on the right
wore bright silver armour; his surcoat was dark
green, and on it was worked a fierce tiger rushing
on his prey, and he was the herald of Media. The
herald riding on the left wore black armour from
head to foot, and his surcoat was of scarlet, and on
it was a wild boar turning to face his foe, and this
was the herald of Persia. But the herald in the
middle was clad from head to foot in bright gold,
and his surcoat was of a deep clear blue, and on
it shone the sun high over all the world, and all
men shouted when they saw him, for he was a head
taller than common men, and he was the herald of
the Emperor of the World.
When they reached the gate the trumpeters blew
three long calls on their trumpets with a silence
between each, and the drawbridge, which had been
raised, slowly fell, and the great gate of the city
opened, and the herald of the King of Macedon came
forth and greeted them fair, and offered them rest
and hostage till such time as they should see the
king. But they said, "0 dear brother and friend,
it is not fitting that we eat or drink in this town till
we have done the errand of our lord, or till we know
whether we harbour with friends and servants, or
with foes and traitors of the Master of the World.
II Wherefore

Wherefore we pray you, dear brother, that you will
lead us to the hall of your prince that we may do
our errand, not doubting that after it we shall be
beholden to your love for rest and comfort." So
the heralds dismounted, and their men remained
without with their horses, while they went into the
town and through the streets up to the palace hall
of Philip.
Now the king was sitting on his throne under the
dais at the upper end of the hall, and on his right
hand sat the noble Alexander, and round the king
on his right and his left were the nobles of the land,
greybeards and youth. And when the coming of
the heralds was told them the king rose from his
seat, and as they stepped forward so did he, and he
came to the middle of the hall and three steps
further, for all men did reverence in those days to
the herald. And he greeted them, and on the neck
of each man he threw a chain of gold, and much he
praised them for their fame. But the heralds spoke
and said, 0 king, we have a message for thee, nor
may we delay." And he said, Speak on."
So the Wild Boar of Persia spake: 0 Philip, for
three years thou hast not sent thy accustomed tribute
to Persia, nor a part of it. Now, therefore, pay it
at once, or fear the wrath of Persia." Then the
Tiger of Darius the Mede, spake: "0 king, foras-
much as in past years thou hast served the king,
and as perchance thy land has suffered from famine
32 and

and war, thy king and friend, Darius, forgives thee
freely thy past tribute by my mouth." But the
herald of the Empire of the World added: "On
this condition only, that thou payest over to me
three sacks full of Grecian earth in token of thy
obedience to the great Emperor, and to show that
hereafter thy tribute shall not fail."
For a short time there was silence in the great
hall, and then Alexander spake out: "Fair father
and lord, suffer me to answer for thee." Then
turning to the heralds, Return," said he, "return
to your people and to your master, and bid him to
send no more messages here of this matter, for
know that Philip hath a son grown that yields to
no man, and obeys no lord. Tell him that the land
of Macedon which in times past yielded him wealth
so freely is now barren, and will give him hence-
forth no tribute, come what may." These words
and more he said, yet he departed not from the
courtesy that beseemeth great lords, and the heralds
wondered at his speech, and greatly they praised
him to his father. But Alexander sought out the
herald of the Sun and gave him a fair jewel, and
said to him that it was to retain him against the day
when he should be emperor in his turn.
It must be said that these heralds had gone
through all the lands subject to the Emperor of
Persia, for they had a secret errand from Darius.
Now Darius had no son, and but one fair daughter,
33 c Roxana

Roxana by name, and he was minded to marry her.
to one of the king's sons of the lands, so the heralds
were straitly charged to get the portraits of the
princes and kings, and in their train was a skilled
painter. Thus it fell that during the three days of
guesting the painter drew a likeness of the prince
exactly his height and size, and it was taken back
to Darius with the other portraits, that the Emperor
might choose the prince who should marry his
daughter, and succeed him in the empire. And
after the three days of hostage the heralds took
their leave of King Philip, and went their way, and
in due time they arrived at the court of Darius, the
proud king of Persia, and there they told him how
his tribute was lost, and how Philip's son had
In Macedon meanwhile many things had hap-
pened, for it was told Philip that all the land of
Armenia had revolted against him, and that the
earls and princes were in arms, so Alexander
gathered a host and marched against them, and,
shortly to tell, he laid waste all the land of the
rebels. But while he had marched away a worse
thing fell to Philip, for a prince of the land, Pau--
sanius, son of Cerastes, who dwelt in the marches of
Macedon, and was one of his noblest knights, rose
against him. And this was the reason of his re-
bellion :-For many years this lord had loved the
queen Olympias, and when Philip put her away he
34 had.

had come to the feast of the king's new marriage to
defy him and to take her away, but when Alexander
restored her to her place he departed sorrowful, and
the love in his heart burned up, till at the last he
summoned all his friends to make war on Philip, if
by any means he might kill him, and carry off the
fair queen to be his wife.
Now Philip gathered together all his men and
went out to war with Pausanius, but the folk that
were with him were few, and when they met in the
field fear fell on him, and he turned and fled to his
castle. Then all men shouted when they saw that
the great Philip had shewn his back, and Pausanius
sprung out of the ranks on his proud steed, and
speeding after the king struck him through the back
to the breast and bore him to the earth, and there
he lay on the highway half dead. Then Pausanius
rode on, and all Philip's men fell back, for they were
sore troubled when they saw their king wounded to
death. So the prince came to the castle, and joy was
in his heart, for he thought to bring out the fair
queen and to lead her away. But in the heat of his
joy Alexander returned victorious from Armenia
with the nobles of Macedon, and when he heard the
noise of the weapons he spurred into the town.
Now the queen had shut the door of the castle-keep,
and when the noise of the host was heard she flew
to the window at the top, and by the arms and spoil
she knew it was her son returned victorious. Then
35 the

the queen called to her son with a loud voice, 0
son, who shall never be conquered, avenge and help
thy mother in her need," and Alexander heard her,
and wrath rose in his heart. But when Pausanius
heard that Alexander had come, he came armed out
of the palace, and with him a host of mighty men,
and the hosts met in mid-field; yet short was the
fight, for Alexander swung out his sharp sword and
with one blow struck him dead, and all his men
gave up their weapons to the noble conqueror.
Then came one and told him that his father lay
wounded on the highway, and Alexander rushed
forth and found him as one near death, and he fell
down by his side and wept bitterly. But the old
king said, "Ah, son Alexander, now am I near my
end, but yet am I glad to have lived long enough to
see my slayer so soon killed. Well be thou that
thou hast avenged me." Then he raised up his head
and looked at his son, but the effort was too much
for him, and with one groan he died.
The tale tells of how Alexander grieved for the
death of Philip as one grieves for the loss of his
father, and of the burial of the old king: how he was
borne on men's shoulders to bale, how his barons
and knights followed him as he was laid to rest in
his own land, and how all men of the land, rich and
poor, noble and simple, grieved for the loss of the
great king. The next day Alexander sat on his
throne, a bright gold crown studded with gems on
36 his

his head, and in his hand the sceptre of his father.
Then the heralds proclaimed that all the court
should draw near, and that all men should do their
liege homage to him, and they came at his call, and
all men acknowledged him as lord on their bended
knees, and Alexander put off his crown from him
and laid it on the throne, and rose up and spoke to
his people in this wise: Fair lords, I will in no
wise be contrary to your wills, nor to your deeds.
But I show to you that I hate frauds and malice,
and as I have loved you during my father's life, so
will I do in time to come. And I both counsel and
pray you that ye dread the gods, and obey them;
and that ye choose for king him that shall best
provide for the good estate of his people, and that
shall be most courteous and merciful to poor
folk, him that will best keep justice and the right
of the feeble against the mighty, and him that
most boldly shall put him in array to destroy your
enemies; for such ought to be chosen king and
none other."
Now when the lords of the land had heard his
reasons abovesaid, and considered his great dis-
cretion, wit, and understanding, they marvelled
greatly, and answered him thus: "We have heard
and understand thy great reasons, and have received
thy good counsels, and therefore we will and
beseech thee that thou reign over us, and have the
lordship upon us. During thy life may there be
37 none

none who shall deserve to be our king rather than
thou." And thus they chose him to be their king,
and crowned him, and gave him their troth, and
prayed the gods to bless and maintain him.
That night as Alexander lay on his bed he
dreamed, and in his dream he saw Anectanabus,
the wise Egyptian, come to him; on his head were
two ram's horns, and his coat was brown. It
seemed that he came to him as he lay, and put his
hand on his shoulder and said, "Stay thou not in
this land of Macedon, but go forth into all lands,
for thou shalt conquer them, and they shall be sub-
ject to thee, and thou shalt not die, except on a soil
of iron, beneath a sky of gold." Then came to him
one dressed in robes of blue and purple and gold,
covered with all manner of embroidered figures, and
on his head was a strange crown of gold and pearls
and precious stones, and he said, The God whom
I serve shall teach thee to destroy the empire of the
Persians." And last there came to him a very fair
lady, tall and graceful, and she looked on him with
love, and said, "0 Alexander, my heart's lord, when
thou hast overcome the Persians, indeed thou shalt
reign over them, and I shall be thy queen and lady-
love. Let this be the sign between thee and me,
that we meet first at the feast of the Lord of


S TO THE GIVING in marriage of
the daughter of Darius, the Emperor
of Persia, it is to be told that on a set
day the wise men of the land came
before him, and the painter brought
out to them the portraits he had made, and they
examined them but found none that was worthy to
rule, for one was covetous, and another quarrel-
some, and a third given to much speaking, and
these faults the wise men read in the faces on the
parchment. Then they came to the likeness of
Alexander and all men said "This man is born to
be lord of men and they brought it before Darius,
and he sent for his daughter Roxana, and made her
stand by the picture, and when she did so, she was
39 taller

taller than the figure painted thereon. Then Darius
turned away and said nought, but shook his head,
and Roxana took with her the cast-away drawing
and bore it to her own rooms, and kept it safe; and
she vowed offerings to the gods if they would make
this man her lord and husband.
But Alexander gathered together all the warriors
of the land, and made them a speech: "Lo, barons
of Macedon, Thrace, and Thessaly, and all true
Greeks, how like you now your liege lord: look on
my face and let fear depart: hold up your hearts,
and flee from no alien while Alexander lives. The
gods have granted me that all the barbarians shall
obey me: and there shall be no nation so rich or
great under heaven that my name shall not be
honoured there, for we of Greece shall be praised
and feared over the wide world. Now, then, prepare
ye for war; he who has arms of his own, trusty and
good, let him take them; he who has them not, let
him come to me, and I will furnish him for battle."
Then answered him with one voice all the old
knights and peers of his father's army: "Sire, we
have fought often in hard fields with Sir Philip,
your father, and many winters have gone over our
heads; now our force fails us and our flesh is weak,
for be the flower never so fresh it fades at the last.
Sir, all the days of our youth are long past, we are
over-travelled and tired, our heads are white and too
weak to bear the helmet or to seek adventures of
40 arms.

arms. Excuse us, Lord, we pray, and take with thee
younger men, stout in battle, and fit to deal heavy
Nay, by my crown," said the king, "I cannot
spare my old men; an army of young men will often
break their line in battle, trusting to their own
strength. I choose the older men who do all their
works by plan and counsel." And the old knights
yielded to his wishes, and all men praised his
Now the time had come when kings go out to
war, and Alexander took ship from the coast of
Greece and sailed towards Italy. So at the first his
army turned towards Chalcedon, a strong and
mighty city, and he besieged it. And when the
men of the city fought but faintly, Alexander rode
up to the walls and cried out with a loud voice: 0
men of Chalcedon, either fight bravely or yield up
your town without delay"; and they of the city were
so fearful that at the sound of his voice they owned
him for master, and all the land took him for lord.
Then Alexander sailed into Italy and took tribute
of all men; even the mighty Romans sent him sixty
thousand gold pieces, and Europe was subject to
From Europe the king sailed over the great sea
into Africa, and many days he sought an enemy and
found none, for the fame of him had gone before him.
On a day he sought a temple of the god Ammon
41 with

with his earls and mighty men, and there happed
on the way a marvel. For it fell as he was going,
that a hart with a huge head leaped forth before
them; hardly had man ever seen so noble a beast.
Then said Alexander: "Lo, the emperor of harts,
slay him ere he escape." And all men shot, but so
fleet was the hart that none could reach him. Then
Alexander bent a bow, and with a mighty shout let
fly at him, and the arrow struck him and pierced
him through, though all men deemed that the hart
was far out of bowshot. Then his men wondered
greatly, and the country folk who saw the shot
deemed that Alexander was indeed some god, and
the name of the place is called in their tongue
Bowshot to this day. But the king went into the
temple and offered great gifts.
Then went Alexander on his way and came to a
very fruitful land, a land with twelve rivers running
into the sea. And on a night as he lay on his bed
he saw in a dream the god of the land, tall and fair,
clad in a chestnut-brown robe, wearing on his head
a gold, crown, and having two horns like ram's
horns. And as he dreamed the god said to him,
pointing to a high mountain: "King Alexander,
canst thou lift yonder hill and carry it on thy
shoulder." "Nay," said Alexander, "who is there
under heaven who might try? "King," said the
god, "your name shall ever be remembered, till
yonder hill is removed from its place." Then Alex-
42 ander

ander laughed out with joy, and he said to the
vision: I beseech thee now, O Shining One, tell me
as at this time ere thou pass away how I shall die,
and when my day shall come?" Then the god
looked on him sadly, and said: "Truly I hold it
better that a man should not seek to know that
which shall come upon him; yet since thou hast
asked me, I tell thee that thou shalt conquer all
nations, and die by poison, and thy years shall be
finished ere thou reach middle age. Ask me no
more of this as now; far in the Land of the East
thou shalt be told the end of thy days by number."
And with these words the light in the room flickered
and blew sideways, and Alexander started up, and
behold there was no man with him. Then in the
morning the king ordered his men to build him
there a city, and that city remains to this day, and
the name of it is Alexandria.
Now when the city was built, and men from
Greece had come thither, with merchants from Tyre
and from far lands, to dwell, to buy, and to sell,
Alexander went forth with his host through all the
land of Egypt, and the men of that land feared him
as one of the high gods. And as he came to a
certain city he found in it an image of a king carved
in black stone, a crown on its head, and a royal
sceptre in its hand; but below it were many words
carven-the words which the god had told the men
of the land many years before. Then Alexander
43 asked

asked the chief men of the city: "Sirs, what statue
is this, and what be the words that are written
beneath it ?" And the men of that place answered
him: "Truly, O king, this man was Anectanabus,
once king of all this land; yet because he was
bidden of the gods he left us, and the writing below
tells us that he shall come again and free us from
the Persians, and make us a great people. And
some men say that it shall be a son of his that shall
do these great things." Then Alexander knew that
this was that same Egyptian who had been his
fosterer, and he said to the men of the place: "I
knew the man, and for his sake I will make ye free
from all men, rich and happy shall ye be." And he
fell at the feet of the statue and kissed it, and they
stood by him in silence.
But on a day it was told him that they of Tyre
had destroyed a ship of Alexandria, and had spoken
evil of him, and Alexander marched into Syria with
all his host to subdue it and to conquer Tyre. Now
Tyre was a fair city, built on an island in a bay,
with the sea washing up to its walls. And it was
so strong that no army had ever taken it, and so
rich that its merchants were princes and hired
armies to defend them, and all the country round
owned the men of Tyre as their lords. But they of
the city said: "What king shall injure Tyre, for our
walls defend us, and our ships sail every sea, and
bring to us the good things of earth and food and
44 drink,

drink, and our wealth is great, and all men shall
serve us for it ? "
But Alexander and his host were marching
towards them, and one day the men of Tyre saw
the army of Alexander on the plain before them,
for he had taken two strong cities, Damascus and
Sidon, and had made all the land subject to him.
And as they looked the camp seemed to grow and
tents were raised, and no man could count their
number. So Alexander's army was before the
town, and he thought that he should take it easily,
but not a few troubles were suffered before Tyre
submitted to him.
Now it fell that many days had been spent in
fruitless assaults on the city before Alexander found
out that its walls were too high for him to take it
by storm. Everywhere were turrets and towers of
defence, and the wild waves of the sea outside beat
on the walls to as much purpose as the army of
Alexander. Then men began to murmur and com-
plain first of one thing, then of another, and Alex-
ander ordered them to construct a great castle beside
the city in the sea, and raise it up to the height of
the walls of the city, that he might prevent ships
coming into it to bring food and riches. But when
the tower was nearly finished the army was in sore
strait, for food was wanting in the camp. Princes,
dukes and fierce knights were famishing, yea, all
men were starving.
45 Then

Then Alexander pitied his men, and resolved to
get provision and help for them, so he sent special
messengers to those tribes which were near, bidding
them to send him help both in men and in food.
And among others he sent to Jaddua, chief bishop
in Jerusalem, and admonished him to send fresh
men for the fight and food for the folk that were
with him, and to pay all the tribute due to Darius
to the Greeks. And he told his scribe to put into
the letter gentle words, saying that it was better to
be the helpers of the men of Macedon than to be
the servants of Darius.
Now when the messengers came to Jerusalem
they were received by the chief bishop in a great
hall, and when they gave him the king's letter he
went away into an upper room to read it by himself.
But when he had read it he stayed a little, and then
coming down the steps into the hall he gave this
answer to the envoys: Sirs, return to Alexander,
and say thus: Many years have passed since I made
oath never to harm Persia, nor to pass in arms
against Darius all the days of his life." When Alex-
ander received this answer he was very wroth, and
he vowed to teach the Jews whose orders they
should obey; yet he would not leave the siege of
Tyre, but sent away a part of his army to obtain
food for him and the rest of the Greeks.


OW THE CHIEF of the band he sent
was Meleager, one of Alexander's most
valiant knights, and he had with him
five hundred lances and their men-at-
arms. His orders were to ride through
the valley to the city of Kadesh, which belonged to
Tyre, to drive together all the cattle and flocks in
the plains, and to bring them to the army of
Alexander. So he set out, and with him was Sir
Sampson, a bold knight of the land, who knew all
the country round about. They were so successful
that they gathered together a host of beasts beyond
number, and soon they turned towards Tyre with
delight in their hearts. But before they had tra-
velled a mile all the country was alarmed, and rose
in arms against them, and a very valiant knight,
47 Theosell,

Theosell, came riding out to meet them, and to pre-
vent their getting away before the host appeared.
Now Theosell and his men were armed in plate, and
they made such a sudden rush on the Greeks that
they struck many down and overrode them, so that
those who fell to the ground never rose after, and
their blows were mighty. Then Meleager was
moved with wrath when he saw the Greeks turn
and flee, and mounted as he was on a young horse
he seized his spear and spurred against the enemy,
striking great blows. Sampson, on the other hand,
broke his lance at the first encounter, and struck
out right and left with the broken end, hewing
down his foes; also Aristes, a noble knight, was
one of those who were chief in their resistance to
the foe, and Caulus had no less an enemy than
Theosell himself. The first stroke of Caulus' sword
fell on the helmet of Theosell, and struck down
through the wooden crest-the great wild boar's
head-down into the helmet, and before Theosell
had recovered from the blow a great swing of the
sword struck off his head. Now when this noble
knight was fallen to the ground all the folk that
followed him, and were able, fled away, and Meleager
and his men rejoiced that they had slain the leader
of their foes and had won the field.
Suddenly they were interrupted by the sound of a
horn, and they saw an army marching out of Kadesh
against them under the command of Beritinus, a
48 great

great lord of the country. The tale tells that there
were with him thirty thousand lances clad in plate
armour and mounted, with others following on foot,
so that clouds of dust covered them, and the earth
seemed to shake at their tread. Then the Macedo-
nians were sore dismayed to see such a great host
come out against them, and Meleager was in great
mind to send a message to Alexander, asking him
for aid before they joined battle. But there was no
man who would go on such an errand, or leave his
comrades in danger of death, and all men set their
faces to live and die together.
The first onset of the foe was a fierce one, and
not few of them, with their chief Beritinus, met their
death, but the Macedonians lost Sampson and many
another noble. Then began a long struggle between
the few Macedonians and their foes, till at last they
were beaten down to a little group of tired, wounded,
and bleeding soldiers, breathless and faint, hardly
able to strike a blow, yet resolved not to flee. Then
the brave knight Aristes, although sore wounded
himself, slew one of the enemy, and, leaping on his
horse, spurred off to Alexander for help before all
the little band was destroyed. Little need to tell
that the king was sore grieved, and gathering to-
gether in haste as many of his knights as he could,
he rode off to the rescue of Meleager through the
valley, leaving Tyre and the camp. And ever as he
went his eyes dropped tears as he thought of his
49 D good

good knights slain, and most of all he grieved for
Sampson, whom he loved well.
But while Alexander was riding through the
valley away from Tyre the men of the town were
busy. He had finished a great tower in the water
over against the city wall, and had left a guard
within it to keep it till his return. But Sir Balaan
of Tyre, one of the chief men of the town, prepared
great machines and engines for casting stones into
the tower, and when he had driven the guard from
its walls, he sallied out of the town with a host of
armed men and attacked it. Then the men of the
tower defended it sharply, and sent out showers of
darts and great stones. But Balaan fought so bit-
terly, and sent such a cloud of stones, that none of
the Greeks could show themselves on the tower,
and his slaves brought engines and threw down the
top of the tower and tilted it into the sea, and all
the men in it were slain. Then he got boats and
barges and attacked the bottom of the castle, and
broke down all its lower part, and threw the heaps
into the sea, and the winds and the sea helped him,
and a storm arose and beat the pieces small, so that
not one beam remained fastened to another. Thus
this great work was destroyed in a day, and Balaan
returned to the city and barred the gate as before.
By this time Alexander had come out of the valley
and reached the plain of Kadesh. Before him he
saw here and there a few of his men fighting in
50 scattered

scattered groups, while others of the enemy were
collecting the cattle and sheep to drive them home
again. All over the plain he saw his men struck
down surrounded by heaps of the enemy. Then his
eyes flamed out with wrath at the sight of their
danger, and he struck spurs into Bucephalus his
horse, and springing out with a spear rode straight
at the thickest of his foes; and ever as he rode he
struck them to earth, so that through the thickest of
the throng his way was marked by a clear wide path
and his nobles rode after him. And when his lance
broke he drew out his long sword and struck down
all before him till no man of the enemy was on the
plain who was not stricken down and a prisoner.
Then he turned to those of his men who were still
alive and comforted them with fair words, and
much he praised their valour, and then bound up
their wounds, and the king left order that the dead
should be buried under stone or marble monuments,
and gathering together the prey, great and small,
flocks and herds, he returned with his men to Tyre.
The tale tells that as he rode out of the valley and
came into view of Tyre his first look was towards
the great tower he had built, and sore was he grieved
when he found that it had been destroyed, and that
his soldiers that were in it had perished; and all
the Macedonians mourned, and they trusted no
longer that Tyre would be taken. But that same
night Alexander was sleeping by himself in his tent,
51 and

and he thought that he saw a great vine before him,
and that he put out his hand and plucked one grape
out of a ripe cluster. Then he flung it on the floor
and put his foot on it, and when he had broken it,
lo wine flowed out, so much that it was a wonder
to see. In the morning, when the king rose, he
called to him a wise man, and bade him tell what
the dream should mean; and the wise man said :
" O king, fear not; Tyre is thine own; for this berry
that thou didst break is the town of Tyre, and thou
shalt tread under thy feet its towers within few days."
Then the king rejoiced, and set about to make many
plans, if by any means he might come within the
walls of Tyre.
Soon another tower was in building, right in the
same place as the first had been, half as large again
and higher than the town-walls, firmly anchored and
fastened so that it could not move, close against the
sea-wall of the town. And when the tower was
built Alexander clad himself in armour of steel, its
plates shining in the sun, and went to the top of it
and looked over the town and saw its walls, and
then he looked to his camp and saw the Greeks, and
he resolved to make no more delay but to take it by
storm at once. So he ordered the Macedonians to
make ready for the battle, and when they saw him
on the walls of Tyre to lose no time, but each man
to follow him. Then began the beating of drums
and the loud blare of the trumpets till the town and
52 camp

camp rang with their brazen strokes, and all men
rushed to the assault of the walls. The archers
came within bowshot of the walls, covered with
great shields which they held before them, each
shield covering two men, and shot keenly at every
mark that showed itself, and their arrows were
deadly as adders; nor were they of the town less
eager to return their bowshot, and from the walls
they cast great stones among the Greeks. Suddenly
the gates of the town opened, and the Tyrians made
a sally out, wounding and killing many of the
archers, for they were good spearmen, and could
cast the dart.
But Alexander and his princes had passed up into
the tower, and some of the lords were armed with
lances, and some bore huge two-handed swords, and
many carried the battle-axe, and a few had cross-
bows which shot great bolts of steel. Then from
the tower they passed on to the sea-wall of Tyre and
fought their way among a crowd of foes, Alexander
ever the first. Long were it to tell of the fight and
of his valour, for they of the town worthily with-
stood him, and ere they made sure their footing on
the town-wall, many knights had been stricken
down backward into the deep water. But when
they saw that, the Greeks became maddened with
rage, and nowound could make them pause, and as
they obtained a footing they fell to shooting with
cross-bows, and with their great catapults, each stone
.53 like


like a man's head, and the yeomen got out great
crowbars and began to tear down the turrets and
battlements; while the knights hurried forward
beating down their opponents. At last a breach in
the walls was made, and then the host of Alexander
rushed into the town, eager to revenge the death of
so many of their comrades, and the men of Tyre
thronged thick to the wall to guard the entrance.
But Alexander forced his way through them all and
over the broken wall into the city, and the first man
he met was Balaan. Short was the fight, for
one stroke of his mighty sword laid Balaan low,
and he was thrown into the sea beneath the walls.
Then when the Tyrians were driven from the walls
the Greeks clambered up them with all manner of
ladders, on each step a cluster, and those who had
no ladders climbed up the stones without them, and
in short time Tyre was in their hands, for after the
death of Sir Balaan no man could lead the men of
the town or give them heart to fight.
Then Alexander commanded to cast down the
walls of Tyre, and when it was done it came into
his mind to punish the men of Jerusalem for their
refusal to send him help against Tyre, and his army
moved down towards the city. And on his way he
conquered the land of the Philistines, and burned
down the city of Gaza.


Jerusalem that Tyre was taken, and that
Alexander was on the march towards the
city to punish it for its disobedience,
1 there was heavy grief and woe, and
Jaddua the bishop was in great awe, for he said to
himself: Now have I but a few days ago refused
to obey this great warrior, and when he the most
needed help I denied it him; better had it been for me
that anything should have happened before I grieved
this man, and did not his command. Woe is me and
my city." And Jaddua called together the men of the
city, and said: "Now is Alexander at hand, and
will destroy our city and us unless heaven help us."
So men went through the streets, and it was
55 ordered

ordered that all the inhabitants of the city should
fast for three days, men, women and children, and
that they should appear in the temple and cry with
clean hearts to the King of Heaven to keep them
safe from this mighty conqueror. And so it was
that the whole city fell to prayers and fasting, and
woe was on every face. But on the third night,
when all the city was asleep and the sacrifices ended,
then a shining one stood by the bishop and spoke
joyful words to him, saying: "Sir Bishop, I bring
thee tidings of bliss and solace. I am sent to thee
from the Master of men to bid thee be not cast
down. Now, therefore, rise up early and array all
thy city, its streets and its houses, in fair attire, open
its gates wide, let every man be apparelled in clean
and milk-white clothes. And as for thee and thy
priests and prelates, clothe thee in the dress of thy
rule, and when this conqueror comes, go ye forth to
meet him. And fear not to greet him nobly, for he
must ride and reign over the round world to the
day of his death."
Then when the day broke the bishop rose and
called together all the chief of the people, and told
them his vision and what the voice had bade him
do ; and all his clergy and the city assented that so
it should be, that the city should be adorned and
that all men should go forth to meet this their
sovereign. So all the people hurried home and
brought out their richest treasure to adorn the city.
56 The

The broad streets were arched over with awnings
of rich and rare stuffs. The ground was covered
with Tartary silk and with taffeta, that so noble a
ruler should not tread on bare earth. The pave-
ment was covered over with woven stuffs, and
canopies of fine linen were stretched on high over
the gates of the city to keep off the heat of the sun,
and they were gathered on either side with silken
ropes, and drawn back like curtains, while the
houses were hung with Indian stuff of bright blue
embroidered with stars, even to the eaves. Thus
was the town adorned, and when the gates were
opened, men without might deem that they looked
in on one of the seven heavens.
And now the people of the city began to come
out in procession, clothed in their richest robes.
First came the bishop with the priests of the temple,
dressed in royal magnificence. He wore under all
a long robe covered with birds and beasts em-
broidered in blue and purple, and on that a robe
with gold skirts, with many shining stones sprinkled
all over, and set stiff with sapphires and other gems,
and powdered with pearls of the purest hue. Over
this he cast on a cope of chestnut colour with rich
ribands of gold, and round the hem a border of
violet flowers, embroidered with satyrs and fauns
and the wild beasts of the forest. And on his head
he wore a great mitre forged out of pure gold,
bordered with pearls, and covered with such precious
57 stones

stones that no man might look upon it, for it struck
out shimmering shafts of light like the beams of the
bright sun. And with the bishop came the doctors
of law, the judges of the city, and they were all
dressed in tunics of scarlet silk brought from Tar-
tary, and were loaded with their golden chains of
office; and after them the clergy, all clothed in their
brightest dress. Such a sight had never been seen
before, nor will it be seen again.
After the bishop and his attendants the whole
city came in order, Mayor, merchants, masters and
men, widows and wives, all came with their com-
panies, and each of them dressed in white linen
pure as the driven snow. Then a company of
children came forth with bells and banners and
blazing torches; some bore censers with silver chains
and burning spices within, whose smoke rose to the
clouds, two bore a cushion of brown velvet em-
broidered with pearls to be held before the bishop
for his book to rest on, others bore candlesticks of
gold and of silver, and the relics of the temple, the
richest of the world. And all the procession went
on till they came to a little place outside the town
whence they could see the temple, and there they
abode the coming of the king.
And now they heard the tramp of feet and the
distant sound of arms and horses, for all men kept
silence in fear and doubt and half-hope, and they
knew not how soon they might be ridden down and
58 slain

slain or made slaves, or whether they should indeed
be saved as the bishop had told them. Then they
saw Alexander riding up with a host of dukes and
princes and earls, and at the same time the king
caught sight of their array, and when Alexander
saw this multitude of men in milk-white clothes he
thought it a marvel, and he turned and saw the
crowd of priests in maniples and stoles, and the
doctors of the law and the prelates in their robes;
and amidst them all, the chief amongst them, the
bishop, dressed in his array of gold and purple and
fine linen; and the king's eyes fixed on him and look-
ing up he beheld on his mitre a plate of fine gold,
and on it was graven the great name of The Maker
of Men. Then the king commanded his knights to
approach no nearer on pain of their lives, but all,
great and small, to remain behind, and he spurred
on his horse till he came up to the spot where the
bishop was standing, and then jumping down he
fell on his knees before the bishop on the cold earth,
and beating his breast worshipped the Holy Name
that he saw written on his head.
Then all the people bowed themselves down before
Alexander as he stood up, and meekly kneeling they
cried with a keen voice: Long may he live, long
may he live." Then the fairest lady of them all
came out and cried: "Lo, Alexander, the noblest
lord under heaven, long may he live, the mighty
emperor, the wielder of all the world, the mightiest
59 on

on the earth." And all the people of the city
answered her with one voice: Long may he live,
long may he live." Then stepped out a man and
he cried out: "Lo, he that overcometh all men, who
shall be overcome never; The greatest, the most
glorious, that ever was made by God." And all the
people cried out at once: Long may he live, long
may he live."
Now there were with Alexander many of the rulers
of the land of Syria who had yielded up their lands
to him, and when they saw him bow down, as they
thought, to the bishop of the Jews, they held it a
great wonder. Then Parmeon, one of Alexander's
princes, went up to him, and asked him why he
bowed down to the bishop of Jews, when all other
men bowed before him instead. And Alexander
answered him: "Nay, I neither hailed him nor
bowed down to him, but to the King of Heaven
alone, the Father of gods and of men. For many
days ago, when I was in Macedon, one appeared to
me in such a dress and shape as this man now wears.
And I mused in my mind how I might win Asia,
and he bade me fear not, but that all the land should
be mine, and when I saw this man, verily he seemed
the same god who had spoken to me. Now have I
good hope, by the help of this God whose Name is
written yonder, to conquer Darius and to destroy
the empire of-the Persians."
And now the bishop had greeted Alexander full
60 lowly,

lowly, and all men had done him homage, and
they prayed the king to enter into the town, and
Alexander marvelled to see how fair a city it was,
and the people of the land received him with
reverence and joy as he were the leader of them all,
or as one come down from the gods. Then went
they through the town, and the bishop brought them
to the temple that the great knight and king, Dan
Solomon, had built, and the wise men of the temple
came forth, and Alexander heard of their lore.
Then came one of the oldest of them all and spoke
words to the bishop, and he arose and bowed down
before Alexander and said: O king, verily there are
words concerning thee and thy deeds in the books
of our holy place," and he ordered the temple
guardians, and they brought out a huge roll, a broad
book full of dark sayings of the times to be, and
there was the saying of a mighty seer, one Daniel
by name, and Alexander read how that the men
out of Greece should utterly destroy the people of
Thereupon was Alexander merry of heart, for he
deemed that the time had come, and-that he should
indeed beat down Persia, and he ordered his men to
fetch great gifts, and to each man he gave chains of
gold, and jewels of pearls and of rubies, and to the
bishop he gave store of bezants, great round heavy
golden coins, such as bishops love, and he showed
him a heap of golden talents, but the bishop feared
61 to

to take such riches. Then said the king: 0 Bishop,
ask what thou wilt in this world, anything mayest
thou ask that I may give, and I will grant it thee
ere I go hence." And the bishop bowed him down
to the ground and said: King Alexander, this
thing of all others I deeply desire, durst I name it,
that thou wouldst grant us the use of our law, as
our fathers before us have obeyed it, and if it may
be, grant us that we pay no tribute for seven years,
in memory of the joy of thy coming, then shall all
men pray for thee and serve thee, and, if I may but
add one thing, grant to those of Media and of
Babylon that they may freely obey our law."
"That grant I thee," said the king, "ask now for
thyself, and be served." Nay, lord, no more, if I
may have your love and your lordship while my life
lasts," said the bishop, and he and all men meekly
thanked Alexander. And Alexander appointed a
lord to dwell in the town, hear what men said, and
be his viceroy, and the bishop blessed him, and
he departed into the cities near at hand, and all of
them came out to welcome him and to acknowledge
him their lord.


of Tyre had fled into the court of
Darius, and they complained to him of
their city destroyed, and "all this," said
they, "we suffered because we obeyed the
great king, the Emperor Darius." Then began the
Emperor to question them concerning this Alex-
ander, what manner of man he was, what was his
stature and his strength, whether he were brave or
no. And they, willing to bring shame on the name
of their enemy, shewed Darius a painting of him on
parchment. But when Darius looked on it he burst
into laughter, and all men smiled, and he said:
" Well for ye, ye men of Tyre, if ye were beaten by
such a man as this, for never saw I such a warrior,"
63 for

for they had painted him a little shrivelled creature,
more like an ape than a man, with long arms, and
one leg longer than the other, blinking and stupid,
the most miserable object that had ever been seen.
And Darius drove the men of Tyre from his presence,
and asked his wise men concerning Alexander, who
and what manner of man he was ; and they told him
how he was the king's son of Macedon, and how
they had chosen him as fit to be the husband of
Roxana, and how he had rejected him because of
his small stature.
Then Darius bade search for his portrait and
bring it before him that he might look on him; but
when they sought it they found it not among the
other likenesses, for it is to be said that Roxana the
Queen had borne it with her and treasured it up
with her chief treasures. So he thought within
himself that he would prove the heart and wit of the
Greek, and he commanded, and they brought him
presents for Alexander, and first was a ball covered
with gold ; for," said he, he must have something
to play with;" then he added a hat, "and," said
he, this is better than a crown;" and last they
brought him a head-covering made of twigs and
osiers; "this is better for such an one as thou, O
Alexander, than a bright steel helm." And Darius
fell back upon his throne, laughing, and ordered
messengers to take them to Alexander, bearing with
them a letter under his broad seal.

So Darius called for his scribes, and they came
before him, and he ordered them to write a letter to
Alexander, and this was the form of the letter
he wrote:
"DARIUS, the Emperor, king of kings, lord of
lords, predecessor of princes, equal to the Sun, the
lord of the earth, to Alexander, our subject and our
"For it is reported to us that thou, through the
vanity and vainglory of thy heart, hast got together
warriors to lay waste parts of our kingdom, and hast
now with thee a number of wretches, thieves and
vagabonds, and by their means dost think to wield
at thy will the power of Persia:
Now, therefore, be warned in time, for thou art
weak before me, even if thou hadst gathered against
my empire all the men in the world outside it, for
my people are so many that they are like to the stars
of heaven in number. Submit in time; the Persians
are famed to be unbeaten.
It is told me that thou, a dwarf and weakling,
dost covet the rule of all the lands under the wide
heavens, and that, like a storm of wind-blown snow,
driven hither and thither, thou passes over all lands
with a train of ruffians behind thee. I have not yet
armed my men against thee; beware, when my hand
shall be raised, thy life is done. Turn again, boy,
to thy mother's care; take these toys I send thee.
Know that the riches of Persia are so great, that a
65 E heap

heap of its gold would shut out the light of the sun,
and blame thyself for all the evils that shall fall
on thee if thou disobey.
"Now, therefore, return at once to Macedon, or,
not as the son of Philip, but as a leader of a band of
petty thieves shalt thou be hung."
And when the letter was written the bearer of the
king's seal came forward, and the letter was closed,
and cords of green silk run through the edges, and
dipped in wax, and the great seal was stamped upon
the wax, and it was given to the messengers of the
king, with strait commandment that they should
tarry neither night nor day until the king's letter
was given into the hands of Alexander.
Now, Alexander was standing in the midst of his
barons when the messengers of Darius arrived, and
as their commandment was urgent, he bade them to
be brought to him at once. And when he saw the
letter his heart was filled with rage, nevertheless he
read it out in the hearing of his knights and nobles;
and when these heard it their hearts were moved
with fear of the mighty words of Darius. So
Alexander looked on them and he saw that they were
afraid, and he spoke to them: "What now! my
worthy warriors, my bold knights and barons, the
best under heaven that ever king had, let it never
be told against you that the proud boasting of a
letter of Darius brought you to doubt yourselves,
.else were it shame indeed. Look you, now, every
66 day

Wsiy e aw kt leittr,&Kso
was ye6 it wtgenevr-
Hi reiab out'I tg ee-
6t1weeDmov .at

day we ride through a village you may hear as loud
a yelping from any cur at a cottage door, but loud
as they bark they never bite. But methinks his
letter should rather make you rejoice, when he tells
you what treasure of gold he has, for it needs but
to be bold and that treasure shall be yours." And
then the anger in the king's heart broke out, and
turning to the messengers of Darius, he said: But
for ye, that dare to bring such threats to a Greek, ye
shall learn the anger of Alexander. Take them by
the throats," said he to the attendants, "and for
their master's sake, hang them on the gallows."
Then the messengers were amazed, and with a
keen cry called to Alexander: "Alas, O king, what
fault lies in us, if it please thee, that we should die
thus suddenly." "The sayings of your sovereign
lord," said he, "force me to such deeds as I would
never have done else: lo, now, he calls me a thief in
this letter." But they fell on their knees before him
and said: king, Darius himself dictated those
words, for he knew not of your knighthood, nor of
your strength, nor of your worthiness, and so he
wrote boldly; but grant us our lives, and leave to
go, and we will show him all your power and your
might." So Alexander forgave them and made
them a great feast in his own tent, and made much
of them, so that he won their hearts; and they said
to him: Sir Alexander, send with us, we pray thee,
but one thousand of your knights, and we will
67 deliver

deliver Darius into your hands." But the king
answered them with little love: "Rejoice in your
feast, O messengers; verily no knight of mine shall.
be sent to aid in betraying your lord."
But in the night, one of the Persian messengers,
a little man and a crooked, having one arm longer
than the other, came to the tent of the king, and
when he was admitted he asked that all men might
be put forth. So they were left alone, and the
messenger drew from his breast a leather roll, and
in it was a blue embroidered silk bag of fair work,
the lion on one side and the rising sun on the other,
and he laid it in the hand of the king. Then Alex-
ander opened it, and found within a scarf of green
covered with fair half-open flowers, and he looked
on the messenger, and he answered: 0 king, the
fairest dame in Persia sends thee this to the end
that thou mayest wear it in thy helm. One
day, if the gods will, thou shalt see her and
know her name." Then the messenger bowed
low, and went his way to his fellows, and all men
The next day the messengers were called before
Alexander and his council, and a letter was given
them, closely sealed up, to bear to Darius. Now
this was the form of the letter:
heir of Philip the defender of Greece, and of
Olympias the fair, to thee Darius, prince of the
68 Persians,

Persians, the conqueror of every land-as you say
yourself-thus write under my seal.
"Let no man despise any neighbour who seems
to be smaller and poorer than himself, since the
lowest is often raised to the heavens, and the
proudest ground to dust. And thou, Emperor of
the World as thou callest thyself, dost dishonour to
thy name when thou sendest such gifts out of
Persia. Thou speakest as if thou wert one of the
gods that cannot die. I am but a mortal man, and
I will attack thee.
"Thou hast destroyed thine own renown. If I
am beaten, thou thyself hast called me but a petty
thief, and no honour shalt thou have: if I overcome
thee, the greater glory is mine, and men shall ever
tell how I have conquered a king, the greatest
in the world. Nevertheless I hope that one of
thy tales is true, that of the greatness of thy
riches, for it has raised our hopes, and sharpened
our wits, and made us eager for battle, that we
may the sooner exchange our poverty for thy
But as for thy presents, know, O Darius, that
the ball thou hast sent represents the world, and
thou hast handed over the mastery of the world to
me: the hollow hat held before the head when it is
bowed, shows that all kings shall bow before me:
and this headpiece of twigs is to say that ever shall
I overcome, and be overcome never. In the day of
69 thy

thy defeat, O Darius, remember my interpretation
of thy gifts."
Then great gifts were given to the messengers,
and they were sent out of the camp to Darius, and
Alexander made all his preparations for the war
against the Persians. But when Darius had read
the letter of Alexander, and heard the words of the
messengers, he was sore angered, and he made up
his mind to fall on the Greeks and to destroy the
power of Alexander. So he wrote to two of his
greatest satraps, the duke Priam and the duke
Antigonus, ordering them to get their forces to-
gether and to go out and seize this insolent lad who
was so bold as to defy the army of the Persians,
and who had entered the borders of Asia with such
a large number of followers. Then," said Darius,
bring him bound to me, that he may be well beaten
with scourges and then I will sew him up in a
mantle of bright purple and send him to his mother.
Since he is so proud, the punishment of a child will
be best for him, and when all is over he may play
at home at bowls or handball with his mother's
Now this letter reached the dukes soon after they
had fought a great battle with Alexander's men and
had been defeated; so when they had broken the
king's broad seal and turned the leaf to read the
letter, they looked on one another, and they thought
that Darius could not know what manner of man
70 Alexander

Alexander was, or how hard it was to stand before
him in battle. So Sir Priam the duke wrote to
Darius by a special messenger that this child, whom
they had been ordered to seize, had wasted all their
lands, and had passed through the province, and
that when they had raised an army to meet him,
neither prince nor soldier could face him sword in
hand: and the letter ended by begging the king to
come at once to their aid with as many men as he
could, that the honour of Persia might not be put
to shame.
So Darius called a council to advise him as to the
best means of meeting Alexander, but before they
were met another messenger came with tidings that
the Greeks had crossed the river that was called the
boundary of Persia, and that they were now in the
Emperor's own land. And when this was told the
council all men wondered how that Alexander should
be so bold as to enter Persia, or to disobey the letter
of Darius, and they advised the king to write once
again to him, reproving him, and that if he still
disobeyed, that he should be crushed to the earth,
and the king did so, for he knew not how a man
could disobey his order.
The tale tells that when this letter reached Alex-
ander it found him in great grief, for messengers
had come from Macedon telling that his mother was
like to die, and Alexander had bidden his men strike
their tents and return home to Macedon. So the
71 messengers

messengers drew near trembling, and gave the letter
of Darius to Alexander, and with it was a glove full
of poppy seeds, which are almost the smallest of all
seeds. So Alexander read the letter and he laughed
out, for Darius had told him that even the gods
obeyed him on earth, and now bade him return to
Macedonia ere his wrath should arise. "And as a
token," added Darius, "I send thee this glove full
:of seeds, count them if thou canst, and thou hast
the number of knights in my army. But the seeds
are numberless, and so are the soldiers I rule."
Then Alexander called to him the messengers,
and said: Hearken, and tell the king that which
you see and hear." Then he took the glove and
poured out some of the seeds into his hand, and
,biting them he said: Here I see that the soldiers
'of Darius are passing many, but they seem to be
soft and feeble, as these seeds prove. But be they
soft or hard, it matters but little." And he wrote a
letter to Darius telling him that though he was
returning to Macedon it was not on account of the
threats of the Persians, but because his mother was
at point of death, and that he would return with an
army larger than before. "And in answer to thy
glove full of seeds, I .send thee a purse full of black
pepper, that thou mayst see the comparison between
:the Persian and the Macedonian."


messengers of Darius departed, loaded
with rich presents, to carry the message
of Alexander to their lord, Alexander and
his host set out on their homeward way,
and passing through Arabia, a great army of Persians
fell on them, under the leadership of duke Amonta,
the head of all that province. Long were it to tell of
this fight, for Amonta was one of the bravest of the
Persians, and it seemed that Alexander had found
an equal. Two days the fight had lasted, from the
grey morning till dark night; many were the noble
knights overthrown on both sides, and such showers
of blood fell that the fetlocks of the horses were
covered with blood. But on the third day, the story
73 tells

tells that in broad mid-day the battle was at its
highest, when suddenly the sky began to grow dark,
and, looking up, men saw darkness over the face of
the sun. Then all men feared for the wrath of the
gods, but Alexander cried out to the Greeks with a
mighty voice: "See, the Greeks have conquered the
sun of Persia," and with a great shout, the men of
Macedon fell again on the Persians, and they turned
and fled from the field, and many of them were slain,
struck from their horses by the mighty blows of the
Greeks. Then Amonta the duke was borne away
from the field by the mad rush of the frightened
horses, and his wounds were sore, so that he could
not face the enemy, and at the last he fled with
the rest.
But so it was, that when he came to the Court of
Darius, that he found there the king's messengers,
who had just arrived from the camp of Alexander,
for they had ridden slowly with the letter and the
gifts. And Darius the emperor was seated on his
dais, holding the letter in his hand unopened, and
he questioned the messengers: "What said he of
the seeds I sent him?" Then the messengers
answered: "The king caught up a handful of
them and bit them, and he said, truly the Persians
were many, but there was one thing that pleased him,
they were but soft." Then Darius put forth his hand
to the purse and bit at one of the grains in it, and he
said: "Truly, be his men even as few as these, if
74 they

they be but as keen and sharp, all the world would
be too weak to meet them in arms."
Then the Duke Amonta spake up among the
peers who were standing round, and he said: By
your leave, my most gracious lord, this king leads
but few men, but never were there fiercer in the field
than they are. For I fell on them with an army
greater than their own by five thousand men, and
yet they defeated us and slew many fierce earls and
brave knights, and threw down my banner. Three
days we fought with hard blows on either side, yet at
the last hardly did I escape unslain from their hands.
Yet was Alexander none the prouder for their victory,
but he buried the dead Greeks and Persians side by
side in the grave with all honour." Then the King
of Persia grieved for the death of his knights, but
he rejoiced more at the going of Alexander.
The march of Alexander took him on through
Cilicia and over the mountains of Taurus and into
the land of Troy, and there he saw the place where
Troy had once been, and the famous river Sca-
mander, and grieved because there was no noble
poet like Homer to tell of his deeds. And at the
last he came to Macedon, and there he found his
mother mended of her malady, and great was his
joy. Then he stayed with her some days rejoicing,
and he got together fresh soldiers, and set his
face against the land of Persia, ready to begin a
journey from which he was never to return.
75 Now

Now Alexander marched through the land of
Greece, and the story tells of many adventures
which fell to his lot, for some cities welcomed him
gladly, and others closed their gates against him,
and once the horses of his army were like to have
been lost for want of forage, so that his knights
feared, and murmured against him; but the tale
tells chiefly how he warred against Thebes and
Athens, and what there befell him. Now the town
of Thebes was famous for deeds of arms, and Alex-
ander sent to the town to ask for four bold knights
to go with him to the war with Darius; but the folk
of Thebes shut the gates of the town, and bade him
pass on if he did not wish to meet his death at their
hands. Then Alexander laughed out in scorn and
said: Ye be brave men, O Thebans, the mightiest
on earth, and now ye have proffered war to my
princes and to me. Why shut ye your gates, for
honour bids you come out and meet me in the field
to maintain your words ?"
Then the siege of Thebes began: he placed four
thousand archers round the town, with orders to
shoot at every wight that showed himself on,the
walls; he set two thousand men, armed with coats
of mail and plate armour, to dig down the walls and
buildings; one thousand were told off to fire the
gates of the town, and three thousand were appointed
to the engines of war. Alexander got together too
a body of slingers to help any of these that were
76 overpowered

overpowered. Now when all things were set, the
trumpets blew out and the assault commenced.
First the archers advanced, covered with their broad
shields, till they got within bowshot of the walls,
and all at once the hemp cords were drawn and the
arrows flew through the air. Then the arbalasters
bent their crossbows and out whirred the quarrels,
crashing through the coats of mail. The engines
shot out their great stones into the towers, and then
the fire began to burst out at the gates, and soon
the four gates of the town were in flames, and the
town itself began to burn. Then those who were
unslain in the town yielded them up.
But there were two minds in the camp as to
Thebes; some of Alexander's peers rejoiced to see
the town burning, but a minstrel of Thebes, Hismon
by name, came before Alexander with a sad face,
asking Alexander to have some mercy on the town.
Then said the king: "Why art thou so sad of cheer,
my clerk, before me?" and the minstrel answered:
" O mighty conqueror, if by any means thou canst
show mercy on our rich town." Then was Alex-
ander wroth that any man should be sad before him
at what the king had willed, and without more
words he gave strait command that the walls of the
town should be beaten down and every house in it
burnt; and that done he went on his way with his
men, and many of the Thebans went with him, for
that they had no longer a city.
77 The

I The tale tells that one of the knights of Thebes.
who followed Alexander's host, a valiant and a
mighty man, asked at the temple of his god when
Thebes should be rebuilt and who should build it,
and the god answered: "He who shall build the
town shall conquer thrice in strife; when that shall
be, then shall he raise the walls." Now as the
knight returned to the army of Alexander he heard
the herald proclaiming with the sound of a trumpet
that the king would hold a tournament at Corinth,
and that great games should there be played. So
when the day came the Theban knight came into
the ring, and asked of Alexander permission to
wrestle, and the king appointed a champion to
wrestle with him, and soon the champion was
thrown. Then another wrestler came forth, and he
too was cast to the earth. And Alexander said:
" Now, in faith, if thou conquer but once again,
thou shalt be crowned for the noblest wrestler in
Greece." Then came forth a mighty man, the tallest
of the Macedonians, and the Theban knight deemed
that he should indeed be beaten, but he thought on
the words of the god, and the love of his city filled
him, and they scarce grappled before he threw the
giant on the ground, and a great shout went up
from all men.
Then he was brought to the king and knelt
before him, and Alexander took a fair gold crown
filled with precious stones, and set it on his head ;
78 and

and the heralds came to him and said: "Tell us thy
name, O noble knight, that we may write it in our
books." And he said: "Truly, sirs, my name is
Cityless." "How so," said the king; what
name is that, and how got you it?" "My lovely
lord," said the knight, "before you came I had a
people and a town, now have I none, and Cityless
am I, and Cityless must be my name." Then the
king knew that he was a knight of Thebes, and his
heart relented for the city, and he gave orders to
cry aloud that all men might return with the knight
to rebuild the town in its first state. So was the
saying of the god fulfilled.
So Alexander went on his way through the land
of Greece, and from each town he received help and
tokens of his lordship. But two great cities refused
at first, the cities of Athens and Sparta, though
afterwards they obeyed him. Then he came to the
ocean and sailed over into Asia, and with him were
two hundred thousand men, and tidings came to
Darius, and he called his council and said unto
them: "Lo, how this Greek grows in might, the
more I despise him the greater his power. I sent
him playthings, but now he will master us if we
take not heed." Then said the king's brother to
him: "If your majesty do not as this man does, we
may leave our land to him, for in strife he helps his
men in all their needs, and so his name increases."
And another lord spoke : "This Macedonian is like
79 a

a lion who leaps on his prey with joy." How so ? "
said Darius, and the knight answered: "Years
agone, I was sent with your heralds to Philip his
father to claim our tribute, and then I saw and
heard him. For your herald told how all men
would gather at your orders against the foe of the
empire-Medes, Parthians, Italians-and the youth
said: 'Yes, but one wolf will worry many sheep,
and a Greek army will rout many barbarians,' for
so he called the army of the great king." So Darius
got together his army.
The tale tells that Alexander on a day went to
bathe in a river, and the king was heated and the
river cold, so that he fell sick of a fever and was
like to have died. And all the men of his army
mourned, and said: "Did Darius but know this he
would fall on us with his might;" and truly they
did well to grieve, for the health of the head keeps
all the body well. Then one Philip the Leech, a
young man, but well skilled in all manner of medi-
cine, came to the tent of Alexander, and said: "My
lord, I can cure you in few hours with a syrup of
herbs." When the duke Parmenides heard this he
was jealous of Philip, for he feared that Alexander
would promote him to great power, so he came
privily to the king, and said: king Alexander,
take not the drink of Philip, and trust him not, for
verily it has been told me that Darius has offered
his fair daughter and great.wealth to the man that
80 shall

shall slay thee," and with that he showed the king
a letter in which these things were written. Now
Philip had brought the cup to Alexander, and the
king stretched out his hand, and looked him in the
face, and took the cup, and drank it, and gave the
letter to Philip, and the physician looked on it, and
said: My life for thine, 0 king, as I am guiltless
of evil towards thee." So Alexander fell into a
sleep, and all men kept such watch that no noise
was heard in the camp, and when he awoke he was
whole and healthy. So he called Philip the Leech
to him, and gave him great rewards, but Parmenides
the traitor he beheaded.
Then marched he through the land of Media and
Armenia till he came to the great river, the river
Euphrates; and there was no ford over which the army
could pass, so needs must they make a bridge, and
men brought boats and bound them together with
chains, and then they passed over, first the horses and
the baggage, and then the army. And when they
were all over the king took his axe and smote the
chains in sunder so that the swift stream drove down
the boats, and the bridge was broken; then turning to
his men, he said: "If we flee, here shall we be over-
taken and slain; better is it that never we turn our
back to the foe, for he that follows has the flower of
victory, and in no wise he that flees. Be happy and
rejoice, for never shall we see Macedon till the bar-
barians bow before us-then shall we blithe return."
81 F CHAP. X.

armies of the Macedonians and the Per-
sians came in face of each other, and
hopes of victory were on either side, for
the Persians were many, and their battle-
leaders were five hundred noble knights. The sun
shone brightly, the trumpets rang out against each
other, and the long streamers of the lances danced
in the wind; the horses pranced, and the young
knights clashed their arms. Soon Darius ordered
the battle to begin, the knights laid their spears
in rest, and each, with his shield hung before him,
spurred his horse; the Greeks came on to meet
them, and they crashed into each other with a thun-
dering noise and a shout, and all the fair field was
covered with stumbling steeds and knights dis-
82 mounted

mounted and wounded and dead; and the clash of
sword-strokes cutting through coats of mail sounded
like the noise of a giant's smithy. For few minutes
the field was covered with clouds of dust, and Alex-
ander could see nothing of the result, but soon it
appeared that the Greeks had driven back the foe,
and that the first attack of the Persians had failed.
So he called the Greek knights around him, and
after a breathing space he gave orders that in their
turn they should ride on the enemy.
But Darius had seen how his men were being
borne down, and had noted how their king was
first among the Macedonians, and how that no man
stood before his blows, so he called to him one of
his bravest champions, and said to him: "Sir Knight,
seest thou yon leader of the Greeks, look you now,
he wears the colour of my daughter; go thou, arm
thee in fresh armour as a man of Macedon, and
slay him. And if thou so doest, I will give thee
my daughter Roxana to wife, and thou shalt be
after me in the land of Persia." Then that knight
answered and said: "Thou art my lord; what-
soever thou biddest that will I do, and I will
smite his head from off his shoulders, that no
man may hereafter stand against the Emperor."
So he arrayed him in clean bright armour, and
over his armour he put on a silk surcoat in colour
like to that of the Macedonians, and rode out
among them.
83 Now

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