Front Cover
 Back Cover

Title: Florida dairy news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00082035/00036
 Material Information
Title: Florida dairy news
Physical Description: 12 v. : illus. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Dairy Industry Association
Publisher: Cody Publications for Florida Dairy Industry Association.
Place of Publication: Kissimmee Fla
Publication Date: 2d quarter 1957
Frequency: bimonthly
Subject: Dairying -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Cattle   ( lcsh )
Milk   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1-12, no. 1; Nov. 1950-Spring, 1962.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00082035
Volume ID: VID00036
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01386090
issn - 0426-5696

Table of Contents
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Full Text



Milk and Dairy Foods Have Been Part of American Diet Since Earliest Settlers Arrived Here

June Dairy Month, the annual period during which the nation pays tribute to cows and the dairy industry goes all out
to tell the story of dairy foods, will take on a historical note this year. The 350th anniversary of the founding of James-
town colony, the first permanent English settlement in this country, also marks the founding of the American dairy industry.

Ceremonies at the site of Jamestown colony will commemorate the growth of a small herd of cows into one of the na-
tion's biggest industries which has played an important role in improving the American standard of living and bringing
better health to the nation.
From the consumer point of view, this growth of the dairy industry into a modern food giant has brought into the
homes a b'g variety of foods which have become the favorites of all ages. This family of foods, which provides about
30 per cent of the average person's food nutrients, includes milk, butter, cheese, ice cream, evaporated milk, nonfat dry
milk and such flavored milks, cottage cheese and cream of various kinds.
The dairy industry uses the month of June to get together in one big annual effort to talk about all these different
dairy foods and to see to it that American homes use plenty of these dairy foods.

June Dairy Month has become one of the biggest annual food sales events in the United States. It has the support of
just about everyone from the President of the United States to the smallest food store in the country. The campaign is
supported fully by the United States Department of Agriculture and is featured on Postoffice Department mail trucks.
Almost everyone joins in the June Dairy Month Campaign. In addition to the several million people employed directly
in the dairy industry, there are the food stores, restaurants and all other food sales outlets. Banks, machinery and equip-
ment companies, all the people who sell supplies to the dairyindustry, power companies and many others join in the June
Dairy Month event.
Nutritionists, food editors of newspapers and many others whose professional interest lies solely in improving the
American diet use their influence to support June Dairy Month. The whole campaign is a highly concentrated effort to
arouse the American people to the need for adequate consumption of milk and its products to maintain and to improve
the nutritional intake of the average American.
Milk has long been known as nature's most nearly perfect food, and additional research evidence continues to
strengthen this claim. The use of dairy products in the American diet has been increasing slightly in the past several
years, after dropping from wartime peaks.

S * S S a *


free lunch? not from my

* a a

for the BEST years of her life

He's a hard man-and you can't blame
him, because he's in the dairy business
to make money. And he has all us
girls figured to the dollar. He knows
it takes two lactations to break even-
and from then on, it's profit.
So, we're on the Security Program
all the way-Security Calf Starter,
Security Calf Grower, Security
Conditioner and Security Dairy Feeds.
Does it pay off? Ask the boss!





Reasons Why The Legislature Again Sustained

Florida's Milk Price Control Law

The following information, furnished members of a Senate Committee which defeated a
bill to abolish Florida's 24 year old Milk Commission Law and another to allow suspension of
present wholesale and retail milk price orders, is an example of the many arguments sub-
mitted to the legislature by the Florida Dairy Association in favor of leaving the law intact,
which it did.


May 13, 1957

Dear Senator:
We urge you to vote "unfavorable" on Senate Bill #815, the Milk Commission
Bill which is before the Senate Committee on Governmental Reorganization for the
second time. This Bill is identical to the one reported "unfavorable" by this Com-
mittee about ten days ago; it was attempted at that time as a substitute for the Bill
to REPEAL the Milk Commission Law and appears to us to be a desperate attempt of
those who have said they want to abolish the Milk Commission to get some kind of
Bill on the Calendar.

The Florida State Chamber of Commerce Directors and 1956 Convention adopted
unanimously a report of a special Dairy Industry Study Committee of that organiza-
tion which said regarding the Milk Commission that: "Milk price regulations and
supervision are essential at both producer and retail levels for the benefit of the dairy
industry as well as the consuming public". This State Chamber Report said further
that: "Generally speaking, on the consumer level, we have found little interest in
the issue of milk controls. Housewives and other consumers seem most interested in
a high quality product".

The successful operation of this law since 1933 has proven its great value to
milk consumers, the dairy industry and the State of Florida. This laws has:

(a) Assured the public of an adequate supply, high quality and wholesome milk

(b) Insured the public reasonable milk prices with increases held down to about
68% as compared to a national milk price increase of over 90% ;

(c) Stabilized the economy of Florida's dairy farmers, making possible home
home production of Florida's fluid milk supply; and

(d) Helped to greatly expand Florida's agricultural development and economy
with milk now providing the State's third largest cash farm income.

Senator, the peculiar nature of the dairy industry, the public necessity and the
perishable nature of milk makes it necessarily the most regulated of any industry.
Under these regulations the public is assured of a wholesome and adequate supply.
The dairy farmer and the milk processor is assured of stabilization-nothing more.

Even with the help of the Milk Commission, Florida has lost approximately 200
milk producers since 1954 and many well known independent, home-owned milk
producer-distributors have found it necessary to discontinue their own bottling and

We urge you to vote against Senate Bill #815 and leave this law intact.


VOL. 7 NO. 2

E. T. LAY, Editor & Business Manager

Official Publication of
Florida Dairy Association
T. G. LEE, President

Florida Guernsey Cattle Club
W. P. WALDREP, President

Florida Jersey Cattle Club
M. A. SCHACK, President

Florida Holstein Cattle Club
W. HERMAN BOYD, President

Fla. Assn. of Milk Sanitarians
SAM O. NOLES, President

Officers and Executive Committee
E. T. LAY, Executive Director
T. G. LEE, President
T. G. Lee Dairy Orlando
JOHN SARGEANT, 1st V. Pres. & Chrmn.
Producers' Division, Lakeland
A. R. (I)OLPH) ALLISON, 2nd V. Pres.
& Chairman
Distributors' Division, Orlando

Additional Producers
R. L. LUNSFORD, Milton
W. A. (BILL) GRAHAM, Hialeah
B. W. JUDGE, SR., Orlando

Additional Distributors
T. G. LEE, Orlando
CLAUDE KELLY, Jacksonville
J. H. LAHER, Miami

published quarterly by the Florida Dairy
Association, 615 Park St., Jacksonville,
Florida Subscription price is $1.00 a
year. Entered as second class mail at the
Post Office at Jacksonville, Fla., under
Act of March 3, 1879, as amended.
Business and Editorial office, 615 Park
Street, Jacksonville.


QUARTER, 1957 1


In 1957

With ThP





Milk Producers,




& Allied Trades



I t

..... In the



John B. Sargeant, Producer Vice President and Chairman, Producers' Division of
the Florida Dairy Association, gave the following statement to members of the Senate
of the 1957 legislature "why the milk producers of that organization believe supervi-
sion and control of milk prices when sold by a distributor is necessary for the effective
stabilizing of the price the distributor pays the dairy farmer.
"We believe the provisions of Senate Bill #815 to permit the Milk Commission
to abandon present regulations and setting of 'wholesale and retail' milk prices are
designed to break down and render inoperative and unworkable the present effective
supervision and stabilization of the market for and price of milk in Florida which has
proven its value to both milk producers and milk consumers.

"Our long experience with the Milk
Commission law since 1933 convinces us
that the granting of authority to the Com-
mission to suspend their supervision and
enforcement of minimum milk prices at
the wholesale and retail level would mean
the end of such supervision as long as the
members of the Commission are pre-
vented from making their own decisions
about the need for such controls based on
evidence and facts.
"About a year ago the Milk Commis-
sion voted to recontrol prices in three
counties after prices had been suspended
throughout the State. This decision was
based on evidence and petitions from
milk producers as well as investigation
and public hearings. However, before
any action could be taken by the Com-
mission to help these three counties, the
Governor dismissed one member of the
Commission and appointed a new mem-
ber, after which the Commission was im-
mediately called back into a meeting 'to
rescind their action' of only a week be-
fore in trying to help three counties
which were found to be in trouble.
"The Milk Producers of our Associa-
tion, which represents well over half of
the milk produced in Florida, firmly be-
lieve that any plan to permit the repeal
or suspension at will, of wholesale and
retail milk prices would create grave dan-
gers to Florida Milk Producers by throw-
ing away the present safeguards against
price-cutting, price wars, the use of milk
by stores as loss-leaders or the flooding
of our market with imported milk during
surplus milk seasons in nearby Alabama
and other low cost and low quality milk
production areas.
"The Milk Commission's setting and
enforcing of the resale prices prevents
the constant shifting of business between
milk distributors and the resulting in-
stability of the producer's market for his
milk. Milk producers cannot shift from
one distributor to another as might be
the case with other farm products.
"The nature of the milk business places
the milk producer and his distributor in
such close relationship that the producer's
welfare cannot be separated from that of
the distributor who processes and sells
his milk.

"Those who drafted the Florida Milk
Commission Law wisely provided for
mandatory control of wholesale and re-
tail milk prices and this plan has suc-
cessfully stabilized and improved Florida
milk production for 24 years."
Florida's outstanding record in holding
the 'milk price line' to the lowest per-
centage of increase of any major milk
market area of the country, CAN BE
others prove the need and importance of
continuing the Florida Milk Commis-
sion Act in full force and effect over the
entire industry WITH SUPERVISION
"As Milk Producers, we plead with
members of the Legislature not to change
and wreck this law which has made pos-
sible the development of Florida's '3rd

Abolishing Milk Commission
Is Still Collins' Objective
Governor Collins was quoted in the
press June 17 as saying on a monthly
radio report that he'll make another fight
at the 1.959 legislature to abolish the State
Milk Commission.
In referring to his failure to secure the
abolishing of the Commission at the 1957
legislature along with other of his recom-
mendations which failed to pass, the Gov-
ernor was reported as saying, "We are
not letting them drop because I think they
represent significant reforms" . and
"some of our so-called losses this session
will doubtless be approved in the 1959

Dairymen hit the jackpot at Indianola

New pre-starter for calves beats

accepted growth standards by 30%

Here's the Larro feed and

the plan that can help Y1117

you grow better calves

faster and cheaper than ever
by Steve Carter

Records now confirm that dairymen at Larro's
Indianola (Ia.) Research Farm have scored an-
other first for calf raisers.
The story: 30% faster growth than accepted
standards . at less feed cost.
One secret, say Larro nutritionists, is the addi-
tion of tetra alkylammonium stearate (Dynafac)
to Larro's improved SureRaise pre-starter for-
mula. This newly discovered chemobiotic growth
factor gives SureRaise an extra nutritional punch.
And there are other reasons. Calves benefit from
an exclusive balance of highly digestible, appetiz-
ing nutrients. Aureomycin and tetra alkylammo-
nium stearate combat scours and secondary in-
fections. Pectin is added for extra scours control.
To profit from the superior growth and savings
already achieved at the Larro farm, just follow
this plan:
First, separate the new-born calf from the cow
before it nurses. Pail-feed colostrum (first milk)
the first 4 days to avoid overfeeding.
Feed new Larro SureRaise pre-starter for the
next 25 days. (You need only 25 Ibs. of SureRaise
per calf.) On the 5th day put a handful of tasty-
texture SureCalf in the calf's mouth. Repeat after
each SureRaise feeding until the calf is eating
readily. Then feed SureCalf free-choice through
the 70th day, along with plenty of good hay, fresh
water and loose salt.
Get complete details and a supply of SureRaise
pre-starter and SureCalf starter from your Larro
Sure Feed dealer now. For his name and free
folder, write Dairy Dept., Larro Feed Division,
General Mills, Minneapolis 1, Minn.

Replacements ready for the milking line sooner that's the
pay-off with Larro SureRaise and Larro's calf feeding plan.


BereL e6

Jacksonville Miami
Orlando 0 Tampa
Regional Office:
Coral Gables

Follow this simple 4-step feeding program



PAIL-FEED COLOSTRUM the first 4 FEED SURERAISE from 5th through
days without letting calf nurse. 29th day. Mix with water. Feed
Avoid overfeeding. at 100 F for top results.

START SURECALF the 5th day. Calves
love its flavor and aroma. They
get on low-cost roughages sooner.

It's Larro's new tasty-texture feed
that growing calves prefer.


Save $4.00
Electric dehorner and
heavy-duty soldering iron
This $8.00 heavy-duty electric de-
horner and soldering iron now can
be yours for only $4.00 . plus
sales slip showing the purchase of 2
bags of Larro's new SureRaise pre-
starter. See your Larro Sure Feed
dealer today for complete details.

The group above are representative of the many producer and distributor members who
visited the Florida Dairy Association's Tallahassee headquarters at 1003 Shalimar Drive
during the 1957 9-week legislative session. Left to right are: Fred Zirklebach, distributor
of Pensacola; C. C. Sellers, producer of Tallahassee; T. G. Lee, President, producer-distributor
of Orlando; Andy Lay, F.D.A. Exec.; John Adkinson, producer of Pensacola; and Harold
Colle, Jr., Attorney of Jacksonville.

How Was School Milk
Removed From Price Controls?
For information of those who do not
know and for correction of misstatements
that have been made about the matter,
here are the facts about how the Milk
Commission Law was amended by the
1953 Florida Legislature to prohibit the
Milk Commission from "fixing the price
of milk sold and delivered to lunchrooms
of the public schools of Florida for con-
sumption by students therein, and to all
charitable organizations of a public or
semi-public nature who buy milk for free
distribution to the needy."
The Florida Dairy Association had
agreed with Governor McCarty upon his
request to certain amendments to the law
primarily having to do with changing the
membership of the Commission to give
consumers additional representation.
When this bill came up for a floor vote
of the House, several surprise amend-
ments were offered, including this so-
called school milk amendment, which was
offered by Representative Kenneth Bal-
linger of Tallahassee.
Representative Doyle Conner, who was
floor leader for the bill, and other mem-
bers spoke and did all they could at the
request of E. T. Lay, Secretary of the
Florida Dairy Association, to prevent this
school milk amendment from passing.
Nevertheless, the amendment passed
and became a part of the bill which was
passed by the House.

When the bill was considered by the
Senate, upon being advised by Senate
friends that the "school milk amend-
ment" could not be defeated in the Sen-
ate . the Florida Dairy Association
suggested a substitute for it which was
offered by Senator Woodrow Melvin of
Milton. This proposed substitute, which
failed to pass by only 3 votes, was as fol-
"The Florida Milk Commission is
hereby expressly prohibited from fixing
the price of milk sold and delivered to all
charitable organizations of a public or
semi-public nature who buy milk for free
distribution to the needy and shall pro-
vide in all of its orders fixing the price of
milk, from time to time, that milk sold
and delivered to lunch rooms of the public
schools of Florida for consumption by
students therein shall be sold at a price of
eight cents (8) per gallon below estab-
lished price to the general public."
This proposed "guaranteed school
price", at 1/2 cent per half-pint under the
regular price, was at that time the ac-
cepted school price in most places and
those who proposed it on behalf of the
Florida Dairy Association believed it
would have been far better than removal
of the Commission's authority over school
milk as the bill was believed would do.
The above facts are somewhat different
than statements recently circulated that
"the Florida Dairy Association agreed to
the 1953 amendment which removed
school and constitutional milk from price

Members of the Florida Livestock
Board and State Veterinarian, Dr. Clar-
ence Campbell, did a good job in placing
the problems of the Florida livestock
industries before the 1957 legislature. A
six-point legislative program sponsored
by the Board came through with five
bills passed and one lost.
Among the bills passed were the fol-
(1) Authorizing the transfer of $130,-
000.00 of unexpended L.S.B. funds for
use in completing the construction and
equipping of the new livestock diagnostic
laboratory near Kissimmee.
(2) Providing for State payment for
meat inspection to replace the present
payment by slaughter houses.
(3) Providing for State payment for
serum and virus required by L.S.B. regu-
lations to be used by swine feeders
feeding garbage.
(4) Providing an appropriation of 3
million dollars contingent upon matching
Federal Funds for use in a program for
eradication of screw worms in Florida.
(5) Providing a biennium (2-year)
appropriation for regular Livestock Board
Program of $2,791,437.00.
The one bill sponsored by the Live-
stock Board which failed to pass was one
which would have allowed the slaughter
of veal under official inspection and
approval of State or Federal inspection
authorities without regard to age require-
Livestock Board Program
The total program of the Livestock
Board includes tick eradication with
$785,000 appropriation for two years;
screw worm eradication as mentioned
above; Brucellosis control; Mastitis con-
trol; T.B. control; meat inspection;
swine disease control; poultry disease con-
trol; operation of the animal diagnostic
laboratory and the operation of five
poultry disease diagnostic laboratories.
The dairy industry is fortunate to have
as representatives on the Livestock
Board two of Florida's best informed
dairymen Wilmer Bassett of Monti-
cello and Dick Dressel of Miami.

Over 22 Million Dollar Payroll
By Florida Dairies In 1956
Florida Industrial Commission records
show that Florida milk and ice cream
plants and distributors employed over
6500 persons in 1956 and had an annual
payroll of over $22,500,000.00.
These plants processed and distributed
about .90 million gallons of fluid milk and
approximately 20 million gallons of ice
cream and other frozen desserts.


The Florida Jersey Cattle Club


Thursday, August 15,

1957 . . 1:00 P.M. EST

At the Show Barn Fairgrounds Orlando, Fla.


Young Cows and Springing Heifers

All Florida Consignors Best Florida Breeders

B. W. Judge, Jr., Sale Chairman

Woodrow Glenn, Secy.-Treas.

Tom McCord, Auctioneer

T. W. Sparks, Pedigrees

For better farming... for better living!

With adequate wiring you'll be able to take advantage of all the modern
new electric farm machines and power tools now available. You'll do work
faster and easier, make your farming more efficient and productive. Why
not have a qualified electrician check your farm wiring soon!






,~..~.~ .--- ----I
*~,~w` ''C~~"* ~~cr*rc~-~

MUSICAL FAMILY.-Mrs. C. W. Reaves, (left) and daughters, Florence Ann, Martha
and Carolyn, as a family quartet, have played on many occasions.


Home Sweet Home... And Successful Career
Florida's State Extension Dairyman

Musical talent abounds in the home of C. W. Reaves, dairy husbandman and State Extension Dairyman with the University
of Florida. His wife, Dorothy-daughters Carolyn, Martha and Florence Ann are adept with string instruments and the piano.
When not out in the state assisting in dairy meetings, visiting dairymen, supervising the Dairy Herd Improvement Associa-
tion program or instructing 4-H youths, Mr. Reaves is most often found with his family enjoying a home concert. Vibrating
notes from the string instruments and the low ripple of piano music is relaxing after a busy trip, he says.

A musical session was underway at the
time of this visit. While deftly applying
rosin to her bow, Carolyn admitted that
the selection they were playing was her
own composition.
"Sister likes music-and she's going to
study music in college", volunteered 12-
year-old Florence Ann all in one breath.
Chatting with the Reaves family be-
tween numbers, Carolyn, who is a senior
at Gainesville High School, said she had-
n't decided on the college because so far
three schools had offered her scholarships
to study music.
Carolyn and Martha-a freshman at
Gainesville High-play in the University
of Florida orchestra. Carolyn was voted
the "most talented" girl in her graduating
class. Martha won first place in Original
Music Composition in the high school di-
vision in 1956 and placed second this
year. Florence Ann plays well also.
The three sisters were rated "Superior"
in a recent District Music Festival.
Mrs. Reaves and her daughters, as a
family quartet, have played on many oc-
casions, including a concert at Hutchin-
son, Kansas, the Stephen Foster Memorial
Program at White Springs and various
programs in Gainesville.
The daughters received most of their
musical training from their mother who
studied music at the University of Ala-
bama. She is currently in charge of the
string instruments program of the Gaines-
ville schools.
Mr. Reaves was modest about his own
Musical ability. Florence Ann came to his


defense. She quipped, "He once played
on the piano when he was two years old."
But she quickly added, "Grandmother
took him off of it because she was afraid
he would fall and get hurt."
Martha added, "Daddy has swapped
the piano stool for a milking stool."
Mr. Reaves, a native of Tennessee, in
reality has "swapped" all other interests
for what the milking stool represents.
During his 10 years at the University of
Florida he has been very active in all
fields of dairying.
His most recent accomplishment was
the ground-work that led to the organ-
ization of the State Purebred Dairy Cattle
Association, which represents all the state
dairy cattle breed clubs.
Mr. Reaves is project leader of the
University of Florida Agricultural Exten-
sion work. He has developed the dairy
herd improvement program from 1,200
cows to where records are kept on
16,000 cows; he has helped initiate an
artificial dairy cattle breeding program
that bred 38,911 cows in 1956; and has
helped develop one of the nation's best
state-wide 4-H and F.F.A. dairy show
programs. These are only a few of his
One of his keenest interests in recent
years has been the coaching and develop-
ment of top ranking Florida State 4-H
Dairy Judging Teams which compete an-
nually at the National Cattle Congress
and Dairy Show for the National 4-H
Dairy Judging honors.

One of his proudest accomplishments
was the winning of the National Cham-
pionship by his 1952 Florida 4-H Team
and with it, a trip for the team and him-
self as their leader to England and Eu-
rope, representing the United States in
international dairy show competition.
As a token of recognition and appreci-
ation of his outstanding service to the
Florida Dairy Industry, the Florida Dairy
Association has voted Clarence Reaves
the organization's highest honors by
awarding him "honorary membership" as
well as membership in the Association's
leadership fraternity, "The Order of Bell

Pamphlet Explains Milk Savings
for Camps and Youth Groups
The U. S. Congress has extended the
Special School Milk Program, which
allots funds to help pay for the increased
consumption of milk to children to apply
to summer camps and Child Care Institu-
Under this program the U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture will pay about half
the cost of milk which represents in-
creased consumption by children in
schools, camps, etc., over the previous
A pamphlet giving complete informa-
tion on this program and how to apply
for it can be secured from The Florida
Dairy Association, 615 Park St., Jackson-
ville 4, Fla,

Dairy Industry Celebrates
Its 350th Anniversary
Almost 350 years ago Lord Delaware,
the first governor of the Virginia colony,
wrote that "Milke (is) a great nourish-
ment and refreshing to our people .. "
The American Dairy Industry's current
slogan "Refresh with Milk" thus has a
historic precedent.
Lord Delaware wrote his words about
milk when he was reporting to the Vir-
ginia Company of London on the prog-
ress of the Jamestown colony founded in
1607 as the first permanent English set-
tlement in America and generally regard-
ed as the nation's birthplace.
The governor was expressing his pleas-
ure upon learning that the company had
dispatched 100 additional dairy cattle to
the colony. This means a great deal to
the success of the settlement which had
been established without any plans for
developing a native agriculture. The set-
tlers had depended upon supplies from
England and trade with the Indians.
The result was that a good many of
the early colonists died of starvation.
Dairying began to get a start as a native
industry in 1611, although butter and
cheese had been included among the sup-
plies brought over in 1607 and later
The American dairy industry celebrated
its 350th anniversary with ceremonies at
Jamestown and Williamsburg June 4. A
major part of the occasion was devoted
to presentation of four purebred English
Jersey calves, gifts from the English Jer-
sey Cattle Society, to outstanding Ameri-
can 4-H youths who were selected on a
regional basis.
Assistant Secretary of Agriculture Earl
Butz was the anniversary luncheon speak-
er, outlining the important role of the
dairy industry in the United States in
1957. Bryan Blalock, Borden Dairy
Executive of Marshall, Texas, reviewed
the industry's early history and develop-

Free Booklet Available
On Teen-Agers Diet
A national survey shows nearly half
our youngsters are "gravely undernour-
ished" according to Gayelord Hauser, fa-
mous nutritionist and author.
An attractive reprint in "booklet form"
of an article "Teeners Don't Eat Right",
by Mr. Hauser, published in the Ameri-
can Weekly, is available free from the
Florida Dairy Association, 615 Park St.,
Jacksonville 4, Fla.
Teen-agers, and adults interested in
Teen-agers, should find helpful informa-
tion in this most interestingly written
article and its accompanying sample
menus and nutrition information.



There's no substitute for sunshine, but feeding Florida
Citrus Pulp is the next best thing. Florida Citrus Pulp,
made from sun-ripened oranges and grapefruit, is a carbo-
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ulating factors. Trace minerals found in Florida Citrus
Pulp are vital to the growth and development of dairy cows
and tests show cows fed a balanced ration with Florida
Citrus Pulp develop and maintain a glossy coat. Florida
Citrus Pulp stores, handles and feeds without any special
equipment. Fill out the coupon below to get your booklet
on Florida Citrus Pulp.

*Total Digestible Nutrients

'wteeo Fet a
'How to Feed'


e 4^

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_ _



Zaealst atr
VRoC d~~

cl gal


Convention of National Association
Held in Indianapolis June 4, 5
The Seventy-second Annual Convention of the Holstein-Friesian Association of
America was held in Indianapolis, Indiana, June 4 and 5 with more than 1500 As-
sociation members and guests participating. An all-time high of 178 delegates-
elected representatives of more than 47,000 members-were on hand to elect Scott
Meyer of Hannibal, Missouri, president of the National organization.
Reflecting the broad international scope of the Registered Holstein industry, a
former president of Ecuador and a Holstein breeder, Galo Plaza was a keynote
Important actions of the delegates in-
cluded the adoption of a program for the Facts From Annual Meeting
recognition of outstanding registered John Cooper, Director of Extension
Holstein brood cows and an amendment for the Holstein-Friesian Association of
empowering Executive Secretary Robert America, was a speaker at the annual
Rumler to compile and maintain a list meeting of the Florida Club in January.
of animals known to be carriers of cer- Included in his remarks were these
tain undesirable genetic recessives. pertinent facts:
On June 6 the National Convention "In 1956, .5 of all dairy cattle
Sale saw 76 registered Holsteins from 12 registered in the United States were Hol
different states and Canada selling for stein animals.
an average of $1,169.00.
Rayu K P" A s y "In comparing production records he
Rayburn K. Price, Assistant County quoted some figures that looked very in-
Agent of Palm Beach County and Secre- 22 cows producing 11,00o
tary-Treasurer of the Holstein-Friesian teresting,ds of milk would m e te s
Club of Florida, was the official delegate pounds of milk would make the same
from Florida. net profit as 330 cows producing 5,000
_from Florida. pounds of milk."
University of Florida Herd The following officers and directors
were re-elected: Herman Boyd, presi-
Is Officially Classified dent; A. J. Rusterholtz, vice-president;
The recent classification of the Uni- Rayburn K. Price, secretary-treasurer. Di-
versity of Florida herd marked a new rectors with terms ending in 1958 are
milestone in official breed improvement Dr. E. H. Myers and Wm. K. Bixby;
programs-official classification of Reg- directors with terms ending in 1959, W.
istered Holsteins in all 48 states. Official J. Leinweber and R. Wendell Click; and
Inspector Merle R. Campbell and Hol- directors with terms ending in 1960, Dr.
stein Fieldman Robert L. Cain conducted R. B. Becker and Henry B. Ebersole.
the classification with several officers
and members of the Holstein-Friesian Milk Production in Florida Had
Club of Florida, who sponsored the Hol- Highest % Increase in Nation
stein herd at the Experiment Station, at- A recent USDA Dairy Situation report
tending. stated that Florida led in 1956 with the
Fourteen animals were inspected with highest 37% increase in produc-
two officially classified "Very Good", 4 tion, with Ohio and Indiana ranking
animals were "Good Plus", and 5 were close with 35% increases. Alabama and
"Good". Oregon had the lowest increase, only
Regional and National Regarding the average production per
Holstein Shows Announced cow, for the first time on record the aver-
age reached 6,000 pounds per cow in
The Southern regional show is sche- 1956. Production per cow has increased
duled for September 26 as a part of the 20% in the last ten years. The state with
Mid-South Fair, Memphis, Tennessee. the lowest average is Louisiana with 2,800
Merle Howard, manager of the famous pounds per cow and the highest is Cali-
Mooseheart Holstein herd, Mooseheart, fornia with 8,600 pounds per cow.
Illinois, will judge.
The National Holstein Show will The Florida Milk Commission held 54
again be held in conjunction with the meetings during the year 1952 in its ef-
National Dairy Cattle Congress, Water- forts to serve the public interest by in-
loo, Iowa. Holsteins will be judged during "a constant supply of pure, whole-
October 3 and 4 by William K. Hep- some milk" to Florida consumers, as it
burn, Dalton, Pennsylvania. is charged to do under the law.

Artificial Dairy Breeding
Increases in Florida
A report just received from the US
Dairy Herd Improvement office shows
that a total of 38,911 dairy cows were
artificially bred in Florida in 1956. This
figure included all cows bred through co-
operative dairy cattle breeding associa-
tions and those bred by large herds with
private contract for regular shipments of
bull semen from bull studs. It does not
include cows artificially bred on farms
by use of bulls located on the same farm.
The 38,911 cows bred in 1956 compares
with 32,719 in 1955 and 29,774 in 1954.
The artificial breeding program was
started in the fall of 1,948 through the
efforts of county agents of the Agricul-
ture Extension Service in organizing
dairymen into cooperative breeding as-
sociations for contract of purchase of se-
men from high production transmitting
bulls. Each local association employs a
technician to breed the cows for the mem-
bers. The number of cows artificially bred
in the state has increased every year
without exception since the work started
in 1948.
The proved bulls used in artificial
breeding are among the top 2 per cent of
all those proved by production test
records in the United States. The produc-
tion records of the offspring of these
bulls in Florida have been very satisfac-
tory. The average of all the lactation
records of artificially sired cows made and
reported to the State DHIA Office is
7,948 pounds milk, 4.8% test and 384
pounds butterfat based on the 10-month,
twice daily milking mature equivalent.
This is approximately 550 pounds more
milk and 51 pounds more butterfat than
the average of all cows on DHIA test
calculated on this same basis. This higher
production means over $150.00 additional
milk income for each of the cows, based
on a four year productive lifetime.

Take it Easy on the Highway
Fast driving has been cited as the
cause of nearly a third of all fatal high-
way accidents. In the event of a wreck,
here are some interesting survival odds:

If your speed is
0-10 mph
Over 80

Your chance of
being killed is
1 in 1,373
1 in 963
1 in 316
1 in 97
1 in 88
1 in 31
1 in 7
1 in 2
1 in 1

As driving speed increases, the odds
grow in the undertaker's favor. If you
want to get there fast, take it easy-or

Four Receive 10-Year Awards
At the Conference of The Florida As-
sociation of Milk and Food Sanitarians
held March 20-21 in Gainesville, 10-year
Awards were given to: E. E. Fulton,
Sales Representative, The Diversey Cor-
poration, Jacksonville; R. R. Hood, State
Dairy Supervisor, Florida Department of
Agriculture, Pensacola; J. E. Scatterday,
Veterinarian, State Board of Health, Jack-
sonville; and W. A. Krienke, Associate
Professor, Dairy Science Department,
University of Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Station, Gainesville.
The Citation Certificate awarded for
ten years of service reads as follows:
"In recognition of outstanding service
in the Florida Association of Milk Sani-
tarians, active membership in the Inter-
national Association of Milk and Food
Sanitarians, regular participation in the
annual conferences conducted by the De-
partment of Dairy Science, University of
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station,
and for contributing to the improvement
and protection of public health through
the sanitary control of production, pro-
cessing and distribution of dairy pro-

1957 N'ational Conventions
In San Francisco Oct. 20-25
The joint Annual Conventions of the
Milk Industry Foundation and the In-
ternational Association of Ice Cream Man-
ufacturers are to be held October 20-25
in San Francisco.
Plans have been announced for a joint
special all-expense tour by special train
from New York to the West Coast for
both milk and ice cream Association
members, as well as suppliers.
Members may join the trip at points
along the way such as Washington,
Harrisburg, Pittsburgh and Denver. De-
parture from New York will be October
12 and arrival back in New York, No-
vember 2.
Points of interest to be visited include:
Colorado Mountain Parks; Sun Valley,
Idaho; Reno, and ghost cities of Nevada;
Lake Tahoe; Los Angeles; Grand Can-
yon; and Albuquerque, New Mexico.
All inquiries should be addressed to
Mr. E. A. Harding, Assistant District
Passenger Manager, Pennsylvania Rail-
road, 390 Seventh Avenue, New York 1,
N. Y.

We hold, just as every session of the
Legislature since 1933 has held by their
permitting its continued operation, that
the Florida Milk Commission is essential
and necessary to the public health and
public welfare of our state because of its
stabilization of the State's milk supply.
-(Florida Dairy Association)

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Newsletter to


PRODUCERS DIVISION By Florida Milk Producers' Council & Producers' Division, Florida Dairy Association
615 Park St., Jacksonville John B. Sargeant, Chairman, Sargeant Dairy Farm, Lakeland

No Legislation Passed to Weaken Our Milk Commission Law

Thanks to Effective Cooperation of Producers and Distributors

As a milk producer who has spent a lifetime in dairying in Florida, I feel that
all those in the industry, and especially we milk producers, have much to be thankful
for in the fact that the 1957 legislature recently adjourned its 10-weeks session
without repealing or passing any detrimental or weakening amendments to the Florida
Milk Commission law.

In my opinion, a great deal of the credit for this fortunate situation is due
those producers and distributors who were able to see the opponents of the Milk Com-
mission at the legislature as a common enemy and who stood shoulder to shoulder in
defense of this law, which all must agree has been since it was passed in 1933 and
is today, a valuable aid and protection to all those in the Florida Dairy Industry -
both producers and distributors.

We of the Milk Producers' Division of the Florida Dairy Association sincerely re-
gret that there were other producers who did not agree with our policies and decisions
and actions at the legislature and who chose to divide our producer ranks as we battled
it out with those who sponsored and tried to pass bills against us, one of which would
have abolished the Milk Commission law and another which would have authorized the
Commission to abandon the present control and setting of wholesale and retail milk

It has been made known to all of the industry that the Florida Dairy Association
made a sincere and determined effort to secure a united front among the producers of
the State on these legislative matters. The fact that there was not only no united front
but an actual joining of forces by some producers with those who sponsored the above-
mentioned bills, certainly, in our opinion, could have done nothing but make a bad
situation worse.

As Chairman of the F.D.A. Producers' Division, I want to assure our producer mem-
bers as well as all other producers, that your producer officers and directors and,
indeed, your F.D.A. distributor officers and directors and our Executive Secretary used
the very best judgment and efforts in these legislative matters that we knew, based
on both our own long experience at the legislature and the advice of our friends among
the leaders of the House and Senate.

We firmly believe that our legislative decisions and actions were in the best
interest of our membership and the entire industry. The renewed efforts since the
legislature of some members of the Milk Commission to abandon wholesale and retail
prices and the announcement of Governor Collins that he still hopes to see the Milk
Commission abolished by the 1959 legislature, make us even more sure.

(Continued on Next Page)

(Continued from Page 10)
F.D.A. Producers and Distributors Continue
Efforts to Secure Producer Price Control of
School and Institutional Milk
The record should be kept straight
about who has made the real effort to
help milk producers get Class I price for
milk sold to schools and charitable insti-
The producer directors of the Florida
Dairy Association brought up this ques-
tion last January with F.D.A. distributor
directors who agreed for F.D.A. to try
earnestly to get the Milk Commission
to re-establish control of school and in-
stitutional milk. The F.D.A. has written
the Commission prior to each of their
meetings since January making this re-
quest and officials of F.D.A. have per-
sonally requested re-control of school and
institutional milk at each of these meet-
ings except May, when activities at the
legislature prevented it.
Those who are criticising F.D.A.'s ac-
tion on school milk so far as I know have
made no such request that the Milk Com-
mission re-control school milk, which at-
torneys (including their own) have ad-
vised they can do. Neither did they sup-
port the appeals made by the F.D.A. to
the Commission for school milk control.
There was much evidence at the legis-
lature that the legislative representative
for those who are criticising the F.D.A.
for defending the Milk Commission Law
against mutilation, had agreed in advance
on the bill which they also supported,
tying the "re-control of school milk" in
with the same bill that would have ended
"wholesale and retail price control".
The Florida Dairy Association had an-
nounced in advance of the legislature and
everyone certainly knew that its uncom-
promising policy from which it has never
departed, would be to defend the Milk
Commission Law in its entirety, which
meant that the F.D.A. would oppose any
bill which would repeal any of its milk
price control authority. This policy had
long been agreed to by both producer
and distributor members of the Associa-
The combining of a school milk bill
with other provisions to allow suspension
of "wholesale and retail controls" was in
my opinion the major cause of a school
milk bill failing to pass. Those who
sponsored and supported such a bill are
the ones, in my opinion, responsible for
its failure. The confusion, controversy,
suspicion and mistrust created by the ar-
guments and fighting over this bill, in
(Continued on Page 35)


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August 14 Annual Meeting and Sale
Announced by Florida Jersey Cattle Club
Members of the Florida Jersey Cattle Club will gather in Orlando on August 14
to hold their annual banquet and business meeting which will be followed by their
Annual Sale of registered Jerseys on the next day. The sale will offer 36 head of fine
young cows and springing heifers due to freshen about the date of the Sale. Head-
quarters for the Sale will be in the Show Barn at the Fairgrounds in Orlando and the
Sale will begin promptly at 1:00 P.M., Eastern Standard Time, with Tom McCord as
auctioneer. B. W. Judge, Jr. is chairman for the sale and T. W. Sparks will read
pedigrees according to Woodrow Glenn, County Agent of Jackson County, who is
secretary of the Club and M. A. Schack, Greenwood, president.
All consignors are Florida Jersey breeders and include the following: Holly Hill
Dairy, Alpine Dairy and Meadowbrook Farm, all of Jacksonville; Betsey Penning-
ton, DeLand; Fairglade Jersey Dairy, Geneva; Pennwood Farms, Jupiter; Gulf
Wind Dairy, Venice; Harold A. Smith, Okahumpka; C. C. Sellers, Tallahassee;
M. A. Schack, Greenwood; R. L. Beauchamp, Winter Haven; and H. F. Schollian,

High Sale Prices Set Pace
At National Jersey Meeting
The highest dairy cattle sale thus far in 1957 was established during the many
activities held in conjunction with the 89th annual meeting of The American Jersey
Cattle Club in Columbus, Ohio, during June 2-5.
Jersey breeders from all over the United States, Canada, and Cuba attended three
sales, took part in a Jersey farm tour which concluded with a chicken barbecue, par-
ticipated in an "Ideafast," and had a thorough review of activities of their breed
during their annual business session.
The average selling price on 40 heTa was re-elected by acclamation and a stand-
of registered Jerseys at the 30th anniver- ing vote of confidence to serve another
sary of the Folck Classic Sale held at one-year term.
Springfield, Ohio, on June 3 was $1,981.- J. F. Cavanaugh, executive secretary of
25. th nat-innal dairv breed organization out-

Masteraim Sleeper Dora, an 8-year-old
cow consigned by James Dean, 4-H Club
boy. Ridgeway, Mich., commanded the
top price of $7,000. She was purchased
by Gustave Schirmer, Harmony Farms,
Greenwich, Conn.
Brampton Bassie Acme, a 3-year-old
cow consigned by B. H. Bull & Son,
Brampton, Ontario, Can., was the second
high selling animal at $6,200. She was
purchased by Vaucluse Farm, Newport,
R. I.
A 2-month-old bull calf consigned by
Victory Jersey Farm, Tulia, Tex., brought
$5,500. This calf, Sable's Commando
Advancer, was purchased by Marlu Farm,
Lincroft, N. J., and was the third highest
selling animal of the sale.
In his report to the members of The
American Jersey Cattle Club, President
Charles S. Kelly, Hudson, Wis., said,
"In the West there has been a sharp up-
turn in the demand for Jersey cattle
where the 'All-Jersey Milk' trademark
program has been in operation."
He explained the Club's plans of es-
tablishing a separate corporation for ad-
ministering and promoting the rapidly ex-
panding All-Jersey Milk program. Kelly

lined for the coming year "a breed pro-
gram with a selling approach." He said
The American Jersey Cattle Club was
pleased with the results it had experienced
in launching "All-Jersey Milk" operations
among distributors.
The Jersey breed secretary reported
that almost a thousand new Jersey owners
bought their first registered Jersey in
eight western states during the Club's
last fiscal year as compared with the
previous 12 months. He said this came
about from the demand of distributors
for Jersey milk.
Two proposed changes in the Club's
bylaws were adopted by the Jersey owners
during their annual meeting to permit
increasing registration and transfer fees.
The minimum age that animals can be
registered at the lowest rates will be ex-
tended from 6 months to 8 months and
a 50o increase in fees will apply to ani-
mals of these ages provided the Club's
membership ratifies the adoption of the
amendment by mail vote.
An amendment to increase transfer fees
50 was also adopted. The funds to be
obtained from the increased fees will be
applied to expanded breed promotion.

Forty-three people attended the Jersey
Judging School at the farm of M. A.
Schack at Greenwood on Saturday, May
18. The school was planned and carried
out cooperatively by the Florida Jersey
Cattle Club and the Agricultural Exten-
sion Service.
The purpose was to give training and
practical judging experience to interested
Jersey breeders, county Extension agents,
Vocational Agriculture teachers and dairy-
trained 4-H and FFA members. Mr. M.
A. Schack, a Jackson County dairyman
and the dairyman and the president of the
Florida Jersey Cattle Club, provided the
classes of cattle for use in the school held
on his farm. Plans were made by the State
Jersey Club Committee and the Dairy
Extension Office of the University of
Florida. Mr. Arlis Anderson of State
College, Mississippi, an Official Classi-
fication Judge for the American Jersey
Cattle Club, served as official judge of
the school. As each class of cattle was
brought out, each participant placed them,
and a few gave the reasons for his plac-
ings. Then the official judge placed the
class in final order and analyzed the dif-
ferent cows to clarify the reasons for plac-
ing each animal in its respective position.
The cattle used were good show-type
animals and most of them had made ex-
cellent records on Mr. Schack's farm. The
school enabled all participants to more
nearly unify their evaluation of desirable
dairy type. The training will be useful in
the selection of cattle to purchase, the
planning of matings, and it will help
county agents and teachers in their train-
ing of 4-H and FFA members to raise
better animals as well as to judge them.
It is also hoped that it will result in more
different people being called on to judge
shows over the state.

Seventy-Seven Florida Jerseys
Reported in Official Tests
More than a ton of butterfat produced
in a four-year period qualifies a registered
Jersey cow to the Ton of Gold Certificate
award of the American Jersey Cattle Club.
Five cows owned by Walter Welkener,
Holly Hill Farm, Jacksonville, have re-
cently received these awards. The cows
and their official production records are
as follows: Observer Design Edla-31,-
630 lbs. of milk with 2,010 lbs, butter-
fat; Observer Sultan Elizabeth-39,022
lbs. of milk with 2,048 Ibs. butterfat; Ob-
server Treva Dora Bernice-35,580 lbs.
of milk with 2,001 lbs. butterfat; Ob-
server Treva Snowdrop-40,034 Ibs. of
milk with 2,052 lbs butterfat; and X.
Standars Ivy Bambi-36,200 Ibs. of milk
with 2,135 lbs. butterfat.
(Continued on Next Page)


(Continued from Page 12)
Two bulls on the Walter Welkener
Farm have been named Superior Sires,
a rating which indicates that a bull has
passed on both high production and good
breed type to his daughters. Welkener's
two Superior Sires, both of which were
rated Excellent, are: -Teffia's Royal Basi-
leus whose ten tested daughters have aver-
aged 9,177 lbs. milk and 475 lbs. butter-
fat. This bull was bred by Meadowridge
Jersey's Inc., Ridgeway, Michi-
gan, and owned and developed by Welk-
ener. Sybil Pompey Bonny Beay Onyx,
bred by Welkener, has ten tested daugh-
ters which have averaged 9,484 lbs. milk
and 529 lbs. fat.
Nine registered Jersey cows have been
rated Tested Dams, which indicates that
they each have three or more progeny
what have qualified themselves on one
of the programs of official testing of the
American Jersey Cattle Club. These nine
cows are owned by six Florida dairymen,
as follows:
J. K. STUART, Bartow: Advancer
Victress Ann, whose three progeny aver-
aged 8,791 lbs. milk containing 451 lbs.
ville: Aim Nina, whose progeny averaged
9,808 lbs. milk containing 477 lbs. butter-
ALPINE DAIRY, Jacksonville: Ob-
server Treva Beverly, whose progeny aver-
aged 10,077 lbs. milk with 481 lbs. but-
neva: Sybil Clara Chance with three prog-
eny averaging 9,398 lbs. milk with 472
lbs. butterfat and Observer Treva Penny
with progeny averaging 8,546 lbs. milk
with 475 lbs. butterfat.
A. T. ALVAREZ, Jacksonville: Ob-
server Design Onyx Faith whose progeny
averaged 8,598 lbs. milk with 460 lbs.
butterfat, and Pompey Royal Golden with
progeny averaging 9,539 lbs. milk and
458 lbs. butterfat.
Florida Progress Hopeful with progeny
averaging 9,784 lbs. milk and 522 lbs.
butterfat, and Florida Progress Daisy with
progeny averaging 9,965 lbs. milk and
518 lbs. butterfat. These records, as all
above, were computed on a twice-daily
milking, 305-day mature equivalent basis.
Fifty-two cows on Herd Improvement
Registry tests have been reported by the
University of Florida in cooperation with
the American Jersey Cattle Club as fol-
M. A. SCHACK, Greenwood: Four cows,
the highest of which was Stanroy Lassie Sadie
with an official record of 9,748 lbs. milk and
525 lbs. fat in 305 days. The other three at-
tained or exceeded 7,684 lbs. milk and 462

lbs. butterfat. Their ages varied from 2 years
and 11 months to 5 years and 4 months.
Eleven cows, the highest producing of which
was Magnolia Pinnacle Linda with a record
of 10,910 Ibs. milk and 722 lbs. butterfat, at
the age of 3 years and eleven months. The
other ten cows attained or exceeded a level
of 6,731 lbs. milk and 373 lbs. butterfat,
their ages varying from 2 years 1 month to
8 years 2 months.
A. T. ALVAREZ, Jacksonville: Three cows,
as follows: Elect Standard Signal Baby, 9,121
lbs. milk with 478 lbs. fat; Rex Advancer
Adele, 9,269 lbs. milk with 482 lbs. fat; and
Elect's Favorite Heartache, 7,443 lbs. milk
with 402 lbs. fat. Their ages were from 3
years 1 month to 3 years 11 months.
Nine cows, the highest producing animal be-
ing R.B.D. Nona Pepper, 10,635 lbs. milk
with 515 lbs. fat in 305 days. The other
eight cows atttained or exceeded a level of
6,984 lbs. milk with 336 lbs. fat. Their
ages varied from 1 year 7 months to 11 years.
SKINNER'S DAIRY, Jacksonville: Eleven
cows, the highest producing animal being Xen-
ia Designer Joy with a record of 11,903 lbs.
milk and 613 lbs. fat at the age of 5 years,
2 months. The level for the other ten cows
was 7,133 lbs. milk and 404 lbs. fat with
their ages varying from 2 years 2 months to
5 years 2 months.
GULF WIND DAIRY, Venice: Five cows,
the highest record being for X. Standard Ivy
Rebecca with a record of 10,975 lbs milk and
637 lbs. fat at the age of 5 years 10 months.


The level for the other four cows was 6,626
lbs. milk and 357 lbs. butterfat. Their ages
varied from 2 years 1 month to 6 years 8
HOLLY HILL FARM, Jacksonville: Nine
cows, with the highest producing animal be-
ing Observer Design Edla whose record was
9,320 lbs. milk and 599 lbs fat at the age of
6 years 7 months. The level for the other
eight was 7,950 lbs. milk and 434 lbs. fat.
The ages varied from 3 years 2 months to 9

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STATE DAIRY CATTLE JUDGING TEAM, left to right, C. W. Reaves, Coach; Larry
Ashton, Palm Beach County; Sharon Ellis, Callahan; Jerry Wyrick, Leon County; and,
holding the halter of Grand Champion Dinsmore Mayroyal Rosina, Ernest Hanson, also of
Leon County.
1957 Team Selected For
4-H Dairy Cattle Judging
Four 4-H members from Leon, Palm Beach and Nassau Counties will represent
Florida in the National 4-H Dairy Cattle Judging Contest to be held in connection
with the National Dairy Cattle Congress at Waterloo, Iowa, September 30. Ernest
Hanson and Jerry Wyrick of Leon County, Sharon Ellis of Nassau County, and
Larry Ashton of Palm Beach County, won the top four places respectively in the
State 4-H Dairy Cattle Judging Contest, June 12.
Other contestants included Orville Renner, Largo, 5th; Ben Franklin, Jr., Miami,
6th; Dennis Balduf, Largo, 7th; and John Petree, Callahan, 8th. The other eight
are not listed in order: Felix Johnston of Jefferson County, Kenneth Renner of
Pinellas County, Murphy White of Palm Beach, Paul Sheffield of Polk, Tommy
Prator of Nassau, Edwin Stubs of Sarasota, Jeanette Foote of Orange, and Bobby
Damron of Alachua County. All contestants had placed in the top group in the
qualifying contest at Orlando, so that only tops were entered in the Final Contest.
The contest held during the State 4-H
Short Course, was conducted at the farms to an oral examination for a higher de-
of Walter Welkener and Dinsmore Dairy gree in college.
in Duval County. The contest was an The Welkener and Dinsmore Dairy
all-day affair in which the members herds provided excellent classes of show
judged six classes, gave written reasons type animals for the contest. A portion
on two classes and oral reasons for their of the contest was televised. The win-
placings on two classes, ning team members were presented to
The explanation of the reasons for the 4-H Short Course assembly at the
their placings can be a gruelling experi- University of Florida on the evening of
ence in that it is necessary for the young- June 13.
sters to remember the classes and to give The winning team members have come
their reasons in the afternoon after hav- up through county, district and state
ing placed the animals that morning, competitions. They have been trained
The winners must not only be good in by their county agents and represent the
their knowledge of dairy type with the best of the 1720 enrolled in 4-H dairy
ability to correctly evaluate the strong work. Additional training will be given
and weak characteristics of the animal, the team members by their agents and by
but they must also be able to present C. W. Reaves, Extension Dairyman, who
clear, logical explanations for their de- will coach the team for the National
cisions. The pressure of remembering Contest.
the animals, think on one's feet, and Tentative plans are for the team to
clearly expressing the points on which leave Florida several days before the
the decisions were made has been likened national contest for practice judging at

the Mid-South Fair in Memphis, Ten-
nessee, and for visiting herds in Illinois
and Iowa of breeds not common in Flor-
ida enroute to the contest at Waterloo.
The contest is held at the National Dairy
Cattle Congress which is called the great-
est dairy cattle show in the world.
The sponsors for the team's trip to
the contest have been the Florida Dairy
Association, the Florida Jersey and
Guernsey Cattle Clubs, the Florida
Times-Union, and the State Department
of Agriculture.

Calf Program Developing
In Lafayette County
Beginning a program which is expected
to increase rapidly each year, five Mayo
4-H Club members secured calves which
they will care for and train for the Live-
stock Youth Show to be held in Mayo
during the month of October. Linda
O'Steen, Dereida O'Steen, M. A. Perry,
Morris Jackson and Pasco Jackson are the
owners of these registered Guernsey and
Jersey heifers secured from an outstand-
ing dairy in Duval County.
T. W. Sparks, assistant dairy husband-
man; Marshall O'Steen, president of the
Lafayette County Dairymen's Association;
Cleveland Jackson and W. O. Whittle,
County Agent of Lafayette County assist-
ed with the selection of the calves. Mr.
Whittle says that in the Fall, several good
grade calves will be secured for other
boys and girls who are not able to get
registered stock. The interest in the 4-H
work is encouraging and it is expected
that dairy calf project will develop into
one of the outstanding programs in La-
fayette County.

Florida's Dairy industry has made giant
strides during the past decade, according
to C. W. Reaves, dairy specialist of the
University of Florida Agricultural Exten-
sion Service.
Mr. Reaves said: "In every phase of
the industry, tremendous progress has
been made since 1940, and dairy farmers
are continuing efforts to increase produc-
tion and improve the quality of their
products. Already the quality of theirs is
second to none in the country and, in
some respects, such as butter fat content,
is superior to that of most other states."

Wild Pigs
A herd of swine was among the food
supplies of Hernando De Soto when he
landed in Florida in 1539. Many escaped,
however, during the expedition's travels
through the trackless forests and swamps.
The wild razorback pigs found in many
southeastern states are believed to be
descendants of this herd.

Manatee County Dairymen's
School Has Good Attendance
Most of Manatee County dairymen at-
tended the six class meetings of the
Manatee County Dairy School which
ended a six weeks course May 28. The
group met each Tuesday night from April
23 to May 28 inclusive. Over three-
fourths of Manatee County's dairymen
enrolled, some dairies enrolling two or
three. A total of 56 persons enrolled
and the average attendance at the six
meetings was over 50.
The course was planned and sponsored
by the Manatee County Dairy Advisory
Committee consisting of Val Massey,
Walter Schmid, Jr., Raleigh W. Ed-
wards, Cecil Reagan, and Hubert Logue.
W. H. Kendrick, the Manatee County
Agent, and C. W. Reaves, State Exten-
sion Dairyman, assisted in planning the
course. Mr. Kendrick kept the dairymen
posted on the meetings.
The meetings were held from 7:45 to
9:45 each time, the first hour being
used for presentation of the material, fol-
lowed by a 15-minute recess and a 45-
minute question and answer period. Out-
lines of the different lessons were pro-
vided each member for his notebook.
Subjects discussed were:
DUCTION, by Dr. R. B. Becker, Dairy
Husbandman, University of Florida.
TURNS, by J. Russell Henderson, Ex-
tension Agronomist, University of Florida
Henderson, Extension Agronomist, Uni-
versity of Florida.
PRODUCTION, by C. W. Reaves, State
Extension Dairyman, University of Flor-
W. Sparks, Asst. State Extension Dairy-
man, University of Florida.
by C. W. Reaves.
At the final meeting, the group voted
it would like to hold another dairy
course next year. One dairyman said
that the dairy course had secured more
interest than anything in 15 years from
the standpoint of the dairymen attend-
ing regularly and exhibiting an interest
in securing information on methods of
doing a better job of dairy farming.

Irrigation System Proving
Good Drainage Project
With the help of the U. S. Soil Con-
servation Service, E. C. Farless of Orange
County last Fall planned and installed a
system of ditches to serve for seepage
irrigation of his pastures and millet fields.
Wide, shallow, V-type ditches about 100
feet apart were constructed with a large
main ditch to connect the smaller ones.
Simple, inexpensive water control struc-
tures in the main ditch are the key to the
dual operation of the system which dur-
ing this unusually wet Spring has served
as adequate to the problem of drainage,
more timely at this time than the irriga-
tion which prompted its construction.

Tampa Dairyman Badly
Injured By 1500-lb Bull
A 1500-pound bull bolted while being
loaded into a truck and butted and
stomped Frank Capitano, one of its own-
ers, in a furious charge from which
Capitano escaped with his life but suf-
fered a double fracture of his left leg.
Capitano is associated with George Gon-
zalaz in the operation of a dairy farm in
Tampa. Probably the deciding factor was
the fact that the bull's horn had been cut
so that goring was avoided.

Florida is one of the few, if not the
only state in the nation which prohibits
the sale of fluid milk of any grade less
than "Grade A."


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sanitizing all milk equipment; cleaning
brooders, pens, etc.
Ask Your Dealer



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A summary of activities of the Florida Dairy Association, an organization formed in 1946 by consolidation of
Florida's original Milk Producers' organization, "The Florida Dairymen's Association" and "The Florida Milk
Products Association."


The Program Features Timely Speakers and Discussions,
A Miami Dairy Farm Tour and a Night Cruise on Miami's
Excursion Dreamboat and Outdoor Recreation

Advance reservations indicate a record attendance for the 11th Annual Convention
of the Florida Dairy Association July 2-5 at the Balmoral Hotel, Miami Beach. The
place, the time and the need for just such a dairy get-together for both business and
recreation all add up to predictions of a fine convention.
The complete program time schedule is given below to help those planning to
attend to arrange their own schedules.
This is the time for family groups and for extra dairy and allied trades represen-
tatives to attend. One dairy family group holds the reservation record to date with
reservations for a total of sixteen. An Allied Trades member holds second place with
reservations for ten representatives of the company. Some have requested reservations
as far ahead as Sunday before and others until Sunday after the convention sessions,
Wednesday to Friday.

"Earlybirds" will get together for a
social hour and renewal of acquaintances
on Tuesday evening with F.D.A. Direc-
tors who will also have a business session
at 8 P.M.
Registration and recreation will take up
Wednesday morning through noon hour
with the first convention session opening
at 2:00 P.M.
The Wednesday afternoon program is
for all delegates producers, distribu-
tors, allied trades and even the ladies -
up to 3 P.M.
Wednesday evening will be a big occa-
sion with the Allied Trades Party at 6:30,
dinner at 7:15, and continuing the part
after dinner with the Allied Trades' Floor
Show and dancing.
The Thursday morning business pro-
gram will feature separate sessions of
producer and distributor members, join-
ing again for a luncheon program. Ladies
and men will have their separate Thurs-
day luncheon programs.
Thursday afternoon is open for group
and individual events. Producers will en-
joy a tour of Miami dairy farms while a
golf tournament, swimming, sightseeing,
shopping and fishing will occupy the at-
tention of other groups.
Thursday evening will feature a group
social hour beginning at 6:30, followed
by the Annual Dinner, and at 9:00 P.M.
a two-hour Biscayne Bay Cruise for the
entire group on the Excursion 3-decker
Friday morning will again feature a
joint half-day business and conference

session of producers and distributors
which closes with the F.D.A. Annual
Business Meeting and Election.
The Friday luncheon program is always
a convention highlight, featuring the
awarding of honors and prizes and clos-
ing with an inspirational speaker.
A Friday 3:00 P.M. Conference of
Allied Trades and Dairymen will close
the program except for an informal din-
ner party of the Convention "Cow's
Out-of-state guest speakers include H.
O. Bowser, Cleveland Sales Executive;
Rex Paxton, Kalamazoo, Michigan, Public
Relations Executive; Charles DeHaven,
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Dairy Associa-
tion Executive: W. E. Noyes, Chicago
Dairy Allied Trades Executive: J. M.
Memphis Dairy Council and Marjorie
Hugo, Charlotte, N. C., Dairy Account-
ing Executive.
Florida Guest of Honor and speaker
will be Honorable Doyle E. Conner,
Speaker of the House, Florida 1957 Leg-
islature. Other Floridians on the program
include Miss Marian Cudworth, Miami
Dairy Council; Dr. Paul Little, Asst.
State Veterinarian, Florida Livestock
Board; Dr. E. L. Fouts, C. W. Reaves,
Dix Arnold and Dr. J. R. Henderson, all
of the University of Florida; County
Agent Woodrow Glenn of Jackson Coun-
ty; Assistant County Agent Kent Price
of Palm Beach County; Alex Shaw, Flor-
ida's Chief Dairy Supervisor; C. C.
Rathbun, Manager, Florida Canners As-
sociation; and Bob Venn, Miami Public
Relations Counsel.




INVu r 3







1958 Officers and Directors
for Annual Meeting Election
All of the producer directors and one-
third of the distributor directors of the
Florida Dairy Association for the year
1958 are to be elected at the July 5th
annual business meeting at Miami Beach.
Officers to be elected are the president,
who will be named from the producer
membership; the 1st vice president, chair-
man for the Distributors' Division; and
the 2nd vice president who will be chair-
man of the Producers' Division.
The treasurer and assistant treasurer
will also be elected.
1957 officers who will serve to Jan-
uary, 1958, are T. G. Lee, president;
John Sargeant, producer, 1st vice presi-
dent; Dolph Allison, distributor, 2nd vice
president; H. Cody Skinner, treasurer;
and Walter Burton, assistant treasurer.
E. T. Lay, executive director, is named
by the Board of Directors.
Distributor directors whose three-year
terms expire at the end of 1957 are:
Walter G. Burton, H. Cody Skinner, and
Claude Kelly, all of Jacksonville; George
H. Boutwell, Lake Worth; and J. Fred
W. Zirkelbach, Pensacola.

H-- as UoUT PAS G a i. su O 111GAT*m


F.D.A. Convention-goers and guests will enjoy a two-hour moonlight cruise and party
on Miami's three-deck excursion "Dreamboat," the evening of the 4th of July.
The cruise will cover the entire length of Biscayne Bay for a view of the fabulous
Miami and Miami Beach skylines, the numerous Island Estates and causeways that connect
Miami and Miami Beach.
The Dreamboat's three decks provide complete facilities for lounging, dancing, entertain-
ment and refreshments.

Reservations for the Balmoral Hotel
should be made to the Florida Dairy
Association, 615 Park St., Jacksonville 4,
Fla. However, if it is necessary to make
your reservation after June 28th, please
wire or write direct to the Balmoral
Hotel, Reed Seely, manager, Miami
Beach. We assure you all reservations
will be honored. Should there be an
overflow of reservations, there are several
nearby hotels.
F.D.A. Secretary Andy Lay can be
reached at the Balmoral beginning Mon-
day, July 1st.

Dairymen from 13 counties have sub-
mitted contest entries and pasture records
in the 1956-57 State and County Dairy
Pasture Improvement Contest for a rec-
ord of participation since the Florida
Dairy Association and the State Dairy
Extension Service of the University of
Florida started this annual event in 1953.
An additional evidence of greater in-
terest in this pasture event is the increased
participation in the 4-H and F.F.A. Pas-
ture Essay Contest. A number of F.F.A.
entries in this year's contest is the first
year this group has participated.
The winning pastures and essays will be
judged and announced by the Contest
Judges during the Florida Dairy Associa-
tion Annual Convention in Miami Beach,
July 3-5.
The judges are M. A. Schack, last
year's "State Winner" in the "Best Pas-
ture" Contest who is chairman of this
year's F.D.A. Pasture Committee; C. W.
Reaves, State Extension Dairyman; and
J. R. Henderson, Professor in Agronomy
at the University of Florida.
The winning prizes and awards will
be presented during the Annual Dairy
Field Day banquet program at the Uni-
versity of Florida, August 1st.

Annual Dairy Show Set
August 10 in Chipley
West Florida's 11th annual dairy show
will be held Saturday, August 10 in
Chipley. This show is staged for the
benefit of dairymen and 4-H Club and
FFA members from the 15 westernmost
counties of Florida. The several sponsors
of the Show include the State Department
of Agriculture, the Florida Agricultural
Extension Service, the State Department
of Vocational Agricultural, Foremost,
Borden's and Southern Dairies, Washing-
ton County, City of Chipley, local mer-
chants and civic groups.



Balmoral Hotel
Tuesday-July 2
Early Arrivals Recreation
7:00 P. M.-President's and Secretary's Open House for "Early Birds".
Wednesday-July 3
10:00 A. M.-Opening Registration-Balmoral Hotel
12:15 Noon-"Early Bird" Informal Luncheon.
2:00 P. M. to 5:30 P. M.-First Business Session-Joint Plant and Producer
3:30 P. M.-Ladies "Get Acquainted" Party.
6:30 P. M.-Allied Trades "Alligator Club" Reception and Social Hour (All
Delegates Invited).
7:30 P. M.-Dinner, Informal Program, Entertainment and Dance.
Thursday-July 4
9:00 A. M.-Opening Second Joint Business Session.
10:00 A. M.-Plant Program.
10:00 A. M.-Producer Program.
11:00 A. M.-Ladies Auxiliary Annual Meeting and Luncheon.
12:30 Noon-Joint Luncheon Program.
2:15 P. M.-Miami Area Dairy Farm and Plant Tours.
2:15 P. M.-Program of Recreation: Golf Tournament, Boating, Fishing, Sight-
seeing, Swimming, Etc.
5:30 P. M.-Visiting Allied Trades Rooms
7:30 P. M.-Annual Dinner and Program.
9:15 P. M.-Convention Cruise on "Excursion Dreamboat", Miami Harbor and
Biscayne Bay.
Friday-July 5
9:00 A. M. to 12:00 Noon-Third Joint Business Session.
10:30 A. M.-"Alligator Club"-Annual Business Meeting.
12:45 P. M.-Final Luncheon Meeting (All Delegates and Ladies). Installation
of All Officers and Directors. Special Guest Speaker.
2:15 P. M.-Adjournment of Convention.


Florida Breeders Attend Texas Meeting

Of American Guernsey Cattle Club

Twelve Florida Guernsey Breeders were among the American Guernsey Cattle
Club members who were entertained "Texas Style" during the Club's annual meeting
in Dallas, May 12 through 15.
The first evening's entertainment was a "charcoal-broiled" steak dinner served
in the "County Club" atmosphere of Broad Valley Farm, home of Mr. and Mrs.
E. J. McCurdy, Jr. in the outskirts of Fort Worth. Tuesday, a real chuck wagon
dinner was served at Bluff View Farm belonging to the Lively Family of Dallas.
This was followed by a Rodeo Performance at a near-by Dude Ranch and a Square

Although Texas was enjoying its first
real rains in seven years, no showers
marred these outdoor events. The guests
stepped over the puddles and around the
mud to view the cattle at both farms
visited, rejoicing with their Texas friends
in the wealth of moisture.
Highlight of the business meeting was
a series of very interesting discussions,
led by officers and personnel, of the
services and activities of all departments
in the Home Office of the American
Guernsey Cattle Club at Peterborough,
New Hampshire. Pictures, charts and
sample literature told an informative
story of the daily routine there.
At the final social event of the meet-
ing, a luncheon at the Statler Hilton
Hotel in Dallas, the Florida group pre-
sented favors. These were thermometers
in the shape of a key with symbols of
Florida, calling attention to the announce-
ment that the 1958 Annual Meeting will
be held in Miami Beach.
Members from Florida attending the
meeting were: W. A. Boutwell, Sr. and
Mr. and Mrs. George Boutwell, Lake
Worth; Earl Jensen, Stuart; Carroll L.
Ward, Jr., Goldenrod; Miss Ida Schmid,
Sarasota; Mr. and Mrs. Leon Sellers, St.
Petersburg; Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Donegan
and Mr. and Mrs Wilbur Casey, Largo.

Golden Guernsey Milk
Representative in Florida
Miss Marjorie Thatcher, promotional
representative of the national association
of Golden Guernsey milk producers spent
a month in Florida this Spring, visiting
Guernsey breeders and conducting sales
campaigns for their premium milk. Plant
City, St. Petersburg, Clearwater and Jack-
sonville were among the areas visited.
Her work is a part of a program carried
on throughout the United States and
Hawaii by the Guernsey breeders.


The following purchases of registered
Guernsey bulls by dairymen in Florida
demonstrate the active herd improvement
program responsible for an increasing
number of high production records. Since
our last publication the American Guern-
sey Cattle Club has reported twelve
purchases and twenty-two official produc-
tion records.
Purchases include:
Dagwood Joyce Vigo, SHIRLEY R. LOOM-
IS, Apopka from Fred F. Whilden, Maitland.
The dam is Elsie's Independent Joyce and the
sire, Golden Grange Vigo.
Klondike Raider's Saturn, FLORIDA
STATE Farm, Raiford from the estate of
Thurmond Chatham, Elkin, North Carolina.
The dam is Klondike Libby, which has a high
production record, and the sire, Klondike
Bayville General MArlboro, DINSMORE
DAIRY COMPANY, Dinsmore from Bayville
Farms, Norfolk, Virginia. Bayville Margie,
the dam, has a high production record; the
sire is Bourneda!e General Mars.
Kuhtzdale Lucky Boy, H. H. SHORES, De
Funiak Springs from Le Roy Kuhtz, Wauke-
sha, Wisconsin. The dam is Owendale's
Bomber's Fairy and the sire, Curtiss Candy
Lucky Curtiss.
Pipkin Farm's Hero's Prince, ARLEN R.
WETHERINGTON, Sydney from R. 0. Pip-
kin, Lakeland. The dam is Valkyrie Southern
Asia and the sire, Flying Horse Colonel's
Laveah Alpha. L. C. JACKSON, Mayo from
R. R. Jennings, Jacksonville. The dam is Dins-
more Mayroyal Kate and the sire, Dinsmore
Lay Laine Virginian's Reliance, T. G. LEE,
Orlando from Carroll L. Ward, Jr., Golden-
rod. He was sired by Lakemont Victor's Vir-
ginian and the dam is Lakemont Steadfast Lou.
Dinsmore Noble Winner, R. R. JEN-
NINGS, Jacksonville from Dinsmore Dairy
Co., Dinsmore. The dam is Dinsmore Royal
Willow and the sire, Quail Roost Nable
Edisto Farms G. Foster, HOLY NAME
ACADEMY, INC., San Antonio from Edisto
Farms, Denmark, South Carolina. The dam
is Edisto Farm's Florette and the sire, Fairlawn
Hornet's General.

State Dairy Herd Testing
Up 13-Fold in Seven Years
The number of cows now under test-
ing and records of the Florida Dairy Herd
Improvement Association is approximately
16,000 as compared to 1,200 in 1950,
according to C. W. Reaves, extension
dairyman who leads the program. This
is one of the several reasons why the
dairy business in Florida has improved
in recent years.
Others are expanded use of artificial
breeding, improved pastures, feeding ac-
cording to production, more use of silage,
and the improvement resulting from the
4-H Club boys and girls who often show
the family the way to better dairying.
The DHIA is operating in 28 counties
where supervisors visit each members
herd once a month, getting weights and
samples for testing, and securing records
on amounts and costs of the feeds used.
Then a complete record of production
and feed costs is prepared.

L. E. LARSON, Delray Beach has purchased
two new sires from Boutwell-Matheson, Inc.
of Stuart. They are: Bomaje Guard, sired by
Wyebrook Imperial out of Begeacres Bayonne;
and Bomaje Orion, out of Keene's Alicia
Barrett Farms, sired by McDonald Farms
Steadfast Otho.
Sellers Farm Helper, J. W. Boyette, Sara-
sota from L. H. Sellers, St. Petersburg. The
dam is Guershaw C. Pre Leah and the sire,
Woodacres Guershaw Leader.
The largest number of production records
were reported from BOUTWELL-MATHE-
SON, INC. of Stuart with thirteen. These
averaged well over 10,000 lbs. of milk and
550 lbs. fat for the 365 days of official test.
Their ages varied from two to eleven years.
The highest records were made by: Oakhurst
Princess Gladis, nine years old, 13,789 lbs.
milk and 638 lbs. fat on three times daily
milking; Lanandy Kings Prize, six years old,
16,310 lbs. milk and 681 lbs. fat on three
times daily milking; and, Oakhurst Valors
Gift, senior four year-old, 14,319 Ibs. milk
and 622 lbs. fat, on three times daily milking.
J. H. CONE, Plant City, owns four cows
reported in the Herd Improvement Registry
since March 1, 1957, the highest record being
that of Valkyrie Count Aster, a junior fuar
year-old, with 11,252 lbs. milk and 510 lbs. fat
in 305 days on twice daily milking.
more owns three cows that have recently com-
pleted records, the most outstanding being
that of Dinsmore Mayroyal Sylph, a junior
four year-old, that produced 15,604 Ibs. milk
and 760 lbs. fat; and Dinsmore Rosemost Ida,
a junior four year-old, produced 12,269 lbs.
milk and 571 Ibs. fat. Both of these tests were
365 days and three times daily milking.
the owner of the cow, Matoaka Lucius Radiant
Ruth, that has just completed a 365 day test
producing 13,164 lbs. milk and 653 lbs. fat on
two times daily milking.
T. STIN HASELTON Eustis, owns the
cow, La'ida Lady Miriam, with a record of
11,336 lbs. milk and 514 lbs. fat in 305 days
on two times da;ly m;l ing.

The 1957 Annual Guernsey Judging School held at Winter Park on Saturday,
May 25, was participated in by some 55 Guernsey breeders, county agricultural
agents, assistant agents, and 4-H Club members. They came from 12 counties from
as far as Nassau County in North Florida and Dade County in South Florida for
the judging session planned and sponsored by the Florida Guernsey Cattle Club
and the Agricultural Extension Service.
W. P. Waldrep, President of the Florida Guernsey Cattle Club, welcomed the
group and participated in the judging school along with such other well-known
Guernsey breeders as V. C. Johnson, W. J. Casey, L. H. Sellers, T. Stin Haselton,
Don Stebbins, and C. L. Ward. Ralph Huffaker, the new Dade Assistant County
Agent, brought his 4-H member who was scheduled to participate in the Final State
4-H Judging Contest on June 12 as did Gordon Ellis of Nassau and Jim Yelvington of
Duval and other agents from closer-by counties.
The school was held on the farm of
C. L. Ward, Jr., owner of a good herd Outstanding Young Farmer
of Guernsey cattle often seen at shows Robert Searcy, Madison County farm-
over the state. Mr. Ward, Jr., and his ho bert Searc, Madison County far
barn men did a good job in having each er, has been named by the State Junior
barn men did a good ob in having each Chamber of Commerce as Florida's Out-
class of cattle out on time. Orange standing Young Farmer of 1956. Jack
County 4-H members under the super- Dodd, young dairy farmer of Orlando,
vision of F. E. Baetzman, Orange County won the title for 1955.
Agent, and Al Cribbett, Assistant Agent, Originally from Indiana, Searcy moved
led the animals and there was no delay to Madison County several years ago and
at all between classes.
at all betwe class set up a general farm operation special-
After the participants placed each class, izing in tobacco and livestock.
C W. Reaves, State Extension Dairyman, zing in tobacco and vestock.
C. W. Reaves, State Extension Dairyman, As first place winner, Searcy was given
called on at least one breeder or county an all expense paid trip, together with
agent and one 4-H'er to give his plac- his wife, to the National Jaycees Awards
ings and reasons. This brought out dif- program in Durham, N. C.
ferent points on the animals which were
then lined up by one of the official ECY OF
judges who evaluated each animal and ECONOMY OF MILK
explained the reasons for the final plac- Because milk is a liquid, there has
ings. Earl Johnson of Dinsmore Dairy, been some tendency to consider it as an
Earl Jensen of Boutwell-Matheson Dairy adjunct rather than a basic part of the
and T. W. Sparks made up the Official diet. Authorities combat this tendency.
Judging Committee. Jack Dodd, Orange Milk actually contains about 13%0 of
County Guernsey breeder and last year's solids-more solids than many foods
"Florida Outstanding Young Farmer," which are solid in form.
and Cecil Tucker, Seminole County Families on low cost diets need a
Agent, kept time and took up the plac- generous allowance of milk. If there is
ings which were to be tabulated by Mr. little money for food, the chances are
Reaves. A box lunch was served with that the diet is limited in variety and
Golden Guernsey milk being provided lacking in some of the vital essentials.
by the T. G. Lee Dairy. Milk can make up that deficit at low cost.
An added feature of the day's program It provides cheaply high quality proteins,
was the Final Bi-District 4-H Contest in minerals, fat, sugar, and vitamins, parti-
Public Speaking which was won by Polk cularly A and G.
County representative Johnny Calor, who As the total amount of money spent
spoke on "What 4-H Means to Me." for food decreases, the proportion which
Mr. William Scotchburg, Winter Park is spent for milk should be increased
school principal, judged the contest, for-
There were many expressions of the "Milk does more for the body than
value of a day spent in study of dairy any other food and does it more cheaply."
type and judging practice for the partici- Bureau of Home Economics.
pants and for the breed. U. S. Department of Agriculture

The pictures above show the Annual Guern-
sey Judging School in action-Left: Exten-
sion Dairyman C. W. Reaves instructing the
student judges. Center: Judging of the senior
Guernsey Class. Right: Judging of Guernsey

Elsewhere in this issue of the Florida
Dairy News is a picture of Dinsmore
Mayroyal Sylph, the registered Guernsey
cow that on her most recent official pro-
duction test under the American Guern-
sey Cattle Club program and supervised
by the extension department of the Uni-
versity of Florida broke a record estab-
lished thirty-six years ago. At that time
Jose de Lorraine, bred by C. Morton
Smith, Fort Washington, Pennsylvania,
was tested on the farm of the Southern
States Land and Timber Co., West Palm
Beach, with Professor C. H. Willoughby
supervising. Her record was so good that
not until "Sylph" turned in her excep-
tional performance recently has it been
equaled and broken.
"Sylph's" story is an interesting one.
During her first lactation, she was milked
twice a day and showed great promise of
becoming an outstanding dairy cow
though she was thin and poor. When
she was put into the three-time herd un-
der the supervision of Roy Peterson, he
thought that she lacked the qualities of
an outstanding cow because she was still
under top condition. Through two lac-
tations, however, her production climbed
steadily and the persistency with which
she milked puzzled everyone.
The record of "Sylph" was made un-
der average herd care except that she was
milked three times daily by hand and her
feed consisted of a mixture of beet and
citrus pulp and a 20% grain ration with
clover and carpet grass pasture and mixed
hay of variable qualities.
"Sylph" belongs to a distinguished
family and one of the most outstanding
sisters is Dinsmore Mayroyal Pina, na-
tional class leader. "Pina" was sold to
North Farm, in Rhode Island, for
$2,700.00. Another sister, Dinsmore
Mayroyal Bett, was sold in the 1951
Riegeldale Sale to William L. Bork Me-
morial Hospital, Chattanooga, Tennessee,
for $2,500.00 and made a record of
15971-783-5 yrs.-365C.


Can Thyroprotein Stimulate Milk Output?

Thyroprotein is in the news today be-
cause new techniques have been developed
for its field application, and because
much more research has been completed
which provides guideposts for its effective
The primary research on thyroprotein,
and the search for methods of using it
in commerical dairy herds, started some
25 years ago when it was found that
thyroid hormone caused an increase in
milk production and fat percentage.
Scientists at laboratories and experimen-
tal farms in the United States, England
and Canada began studies exploring the
possibilities of the thyroid hormone and
Unfortunately. many of the earlier in-
vestigators conducting these tests used
thyroprotein without proper knowledge
of its action or its application. They did
not know how much to feed or when to
start feeding, nor did they realize the
importance of supporting the hormone
stimulation with extra nutrients from
which the cow could manufacture the
extra milk and butterfat produced.
Futhermore, they did not understand
the reasons for differences in response
which they encountered in their tests. As
a result, their tests were often incorrectly
interpreted and their conclusion differed
from our current concepts. In spite of
these differences, their research contri-
buted materially to our present know-

ledge of thyroprotein's proper use.
During the period of development
there was a great increase in our fun-
damental knowledge of the thyroid hor-
mone and its action. It was also estab-
lished that thyroprotein contains the
same hormone which the thyroid gland
secretes into the blood stream.
By a combination of exhaustive test-
ing and an interchange of information,
these scientists began to evolve methods
for commerical application of thyropro-
tein. Consistent results were obtained
only when certain rules for application
were observed and only when ,certain
feeding methods were used.
Scientists moved very slowly and very
cautiously in recommending thyroprotein
for general use. Whereever it was prop-
erly applied, either on a research basis
or in commercial use, the feeding of thy-
roprotein to dairy cattle during the de-
clining phase of lactation resulted in in-
creased milk and fat production-from
small amounts up to a whopping 50%
or more.
As a result of all this research, a prac-
tical method has been developed for the
use of thyroprotein in commercial dairy
herds. This method consists of adding
the daily requirement of thyroprotein to
a pound of dehydrated alfalfa meal. This
mixture is then pelleted and fed at the
rate of one-half pound each morning and


SINCE THE REPORTING in our 4th Quar-
ter 1956 issue of tests by USDA and
University of Florida scientists indical-
ing that the use of thyroprotein in
mixed feeds to stimulate milk produc- i
tion in dairy cows has little practical
value for most herds, a good number of
dissenters have challenged these research .
findings. I
1f i pth interest in this subject appear- -. a
ing widespread, we asked Dr. C. If'. .
Turner, professor of dairy husbandry, dr
Univerfit) of Missouri, a well-known
animal endocrinologist, to give our
readers the benefit of his opinion based
on scientific research on this subject of
thyroprotein for dairy cattle feeding.
Dr. Turner. a graduate of the Uni-
versities of Wr/isconsin and Missouri, if
an expert in hormones as well as a
specialist in fundamental research on the
physiology and anatomy of the mamary
gland. He received the Borden Award
in 1940 for research in the field of milk DR. \C. W. TURNER
secretion and endocrinology.
For the past 15 years, Dr. Turner has growth and \milk secretion. H haif
been studying the role of the thyroid traveled abroad extensively visit g re-
hormone in relation to growth and milk search institutions in India, Australia,
secretion. He recently spent a year in England and Scotland. This article pre-
New Zealand on a Fulbright research sents the research experience and con-
fellowship. In part of the studies on this clusions of this authority on hormone
fellowship, he used identical twins to for dairy cows.
explore the effect of thyroxine on -THE EDITOR.


Many questions are asked regarding
thyroprotein. The more common of these
questions are:
Q. What is thyroprotein? What
does it do?
A. Thyroprotein is a hormone prep-
aration to stimulate increased milk and
fat production in dairy cows. It is sold
commercially in a carrier of dehydrated
alfalfa, pelleted in a form convenient to
feed as an addition to the regular high-
quality dairy ration.
Cows fed thyroprotein will immediately
have a better appetite and will eat sev-
eral pounds more of the grain ration and
roughage as well. The difference in the
cows so fed is that the extra feed will be
converted into extra milk and fat in-
stead of storing it on their bodies. In a
herd of cows thyroprotein will usually
increase milk production 20 to 25% and
increase the fat test .2 to .3% or more.
Q. Does the stimulation caused by
thyroprotein shorten the productive life
of dairy cows?
A. No. The evidence is just the op-
posite. The average life of a dairy cow
in the herd is less than six years. At this
time cows have just reached maximum
yearly milk production. Cows should be
kept for more than twice that long. Thy-
roprotein feeding will help you do it by
increasing the production of cows which
might otherwise be culled and by im-
proving the reproduction record.
Thousands of people in this country
are taking thyroid hormone every day to
increase their pep and vitality. Doctors
would not prescribe thyroid hormone to
their patients if they thought it would
shorten their lives. The truth of the mat-
ter is that production of the thyroid hor-
mone slows down in older animals. The
feeding of thyroprotein containing this
hormone will help keep these older ani-
mals at their peak level of production for
many years.
Q. Do cows lose weight as a re-
sult of thyroprotein feeding?
A. No. However, every high-produc-
ing cow in good condition at calving
time loses 50 to 100 pounds of weight
within a month or two after calving.
When thyroprotein is fed, there need be
no further loss of body weight provided
the cow is given more feed to provide
for the extra milk and fat production.
However, thyroprotein-fed cows will not
usually begin to gain in weight in late
lactation as do many other cows because
they are stimulated to maintain high milk
When thyroprotein is withdrawn,
cows gain weight more rapidly. It is
important to feed adequately during the
dry period to gain weight for the next

lactation. Cows can be fed thyroprotein
year after year, but in beginning each
lactation, a good condition aids greatly
in enabling the cow to reach her maxi-
mum level of milk production.
Q. Does Thyroprotein produce mas-
titis in dairy cattle?
A. Extensive experiments have shown
that the higher milk production induced
by feeding thyroprotein has no effect on
the frequency of mastitis. Thyroprotein
feeding neither increases nor decreases
the mastitis problem. The control of
mastitis in your herd depends upon good
milking practices along with complete
milk removal. Those good milking prac-
tices are necessary for success with thy-
roprotein. It is of no value to a dairy-
man to increase the amount of milk pres-
ent in the cow's udder with thyroprotein
and then not harvest it as completely as
possible at milking time.
Q. Does the thyroid hormone in
thyroprotein pass into the milk?
A. Neither the hormone from the
cow's own thyroid gland nor the thyroid
hormone in thyroprotein passes into the
milk. Extensive tests, including studies
made by the department of pediatrics of
Columbia University with children in
New York City, have proved this fact
to the satisfaction of the U. S. Food &
Drug Administration, which passed on
this problem before thyroprotein could
be placed on the market.
Q. Will thyroprotein cause breed-
ing trouble?
A. No. As a matter of fact, thyro-
protein is an aid to the reproductive
system because one of the common causes
of breeding trouble is low thyroid hor-
mone production. Thyroprotein feeding
brings this hormone up to normal and
helps cows conceive normally. Thyro-
protein feeding should begin about 60
days after calving, just before the time
to breed your cows. You will find that
it will help to get your "problem cows"
in calf.
Many aged bulls gradually slow up
due to reduced thyroid hormone produc-
tion feeding.
O. Can thyroprotein be withdrawn
gradually without the level of milk pro-
duction falling below normal?
A. When thyroprotein feeding is
stopped suddenly, milk production drops
rapidly to below the normal level, then
may increase after about two weeks. The
drop in production shows the marked
value of the hormone upon milk secre-
tion. During the feeding of thyropro-
tein, the cow's thyroid gland is inactive.
However, if the thyroprotein is with-
drawn slowly, the thyroid gland begins
to secrete hormone to take the place of
the hormone withdrawn, and milk pro-
dution will gradually decline to the nor-
mal level without thyroprotein.
The gradual withdrawal period for
thyroprotein should be at least three

weeks. By this plan of withdrawal, one
can actually see that the favorable effects
of thyroprotein are still present. The
difference in daily production at the start

and at the end of the withdrawal period
indicates the benefit of thyroprotein up-
on milk production.
(Continued on Page 22)

Effect of Thyroprotein on Milk Production
Of Two-Year-Old Heifers

(Thomas, Moore and Sykes, 1949*)

Average Daily Milk Production With Month of Lactation
Before 1st Month 2nd Month 3rd Month 4th Month
Group Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. Lbs.
Controls 39 35.6 31.1 27.9 25.9
Thyroprotein and
added feed 34.3 36.5 37.5 35.6 33.3

NOTE that during the first test month the control group dropped 3.4 pounds per day,
while the thyroprotein-fed group increased 2.2 pounds, a difference of 5.6 pounds. The
next month the control group dropped an average of 4.5 pounds or a total of 7.9
pounds, while the thyroprotein-fed group were increasing 1.0 pound per day, or an
increase in two months of 3.2 pounds, a difference of 11.1 pounds of milk daily.
At the end of four months, the control group dropped 13.1 pounds in daily milk
production, whereas the thyroprotein-fed group dropped only 1.0 pound below their
production four months earlier, a difference of 12.1 pounds of milk.
* J. Dairy Sci. 32: p. 278, 1949.


Milk Production With and Without Feeding
Of Thyroprotein Supplement


MIL \\
> 3o-

S20- '
u, I

-------0------------- ^-0
1 1 129-
0 O
""'--o - -o- --- -o- I

S 20 40 60 80 100 120

THE EFFECT of feeding thyroprotein to one of two groups of eight cows is shown.
The thyroprotein-fed group produced 7.4 pounds more than 4% milk per day than
the controls. At the end of the experimental period, thyroprotein was gradually with-
drawn over a 30-day period. It will be noted that the milk gradually returned to the
level of production of the control cows (Swanson and Hinton, 1953)*. In a later study
(1954)t, Swanson compared the effect of various withdrawal periods of 18 to 25 days.
* J. Dairy Sci. 36: p. 582, 1953. t J. Dairy Sci. 37: p. 1212, 1954.

Can Thyroprotein
Stimulate Milk Output -
(Continued from Page 21)
0. Do all cows react the same to
thyroprotein feeding?
A. No. The basic reason for the varia-
tion in the response is that cows vary in
their normal thyroid hormone secretion
rate. Practically all cows will show some
response. A considerable number will
show a big increase in milk and fat pro-
duction, many will show no response.
If thyroprotein is started at the peak,
milk production is maintained at a high
level for many weeks. In cows in declin-
ing milk production, thyroprotein feed-
ing will usually cause an increase in pro-
duction peak. Cows in late lactation will
usually increase but the increase is small-
er. Older and higher-milk-producing
cows usually show more benefit from
thyroprotein feeding than the small-
uddered cows.
Q. Who should feed thyroprotein?
A. Any dairyman with cows having
the inherited ability to produce large
quantities of milk-provided he remem-
bers and practices a few basic principles.
Thyroprotein is a hormone milk stim-
ulant, not a feed. It does not take the
place of good feeding and good milking
practices. If the dairyman does not want
to supply the extra feed required to pro-
duce the extra milk the cows are capable
of producing, thyroprotein will not be
profitable. If good milking practices are
not followed and the dairyman is not
getting all the milk now being produced,
thyroprotein will be uneconomical.
With good feeding and milking prac-
tices, the dairyman can obtain up to 25%
more milk production. This increase in
milk production is equal to adding one
extra cow for each four or five cows in
his present herd.

At the young age of six years, the Jer-
sey bull, Sybil Pompey Beau Onyx
539742, belonging to Walter Welkener of
Jacksonville, has just won the American
Jersey Cattle Club's Senior Superior Sire
Award based on the production and type
ratings of his daughters. His ten daugh-
ters averaged 9,538 pounds of milk,
5.6% test, and 531 pounds butterfat on
a ten months' production test. His 13
daughters averaged 85.19% on type
classification. This bull is also a DHIA
Proved bull. The USDA National Dairy
Herd Improvement Branch Proved Sire
Record on him shows 9,318 pounds milk,
5.6% test, and 521 pounds butterfat as
the average of the DHIA records of the
first nine tested daughters out of tested
dams. This was an average of 35 pounds

Says Florida Is a Land
Of Milk and Money
(Gadsden County Times-June 6)
Floridians can be proud of our state's
booming dairy industry. Milk production
in 1956 was 987 million pounds. Com-
pared with 464 millions in 1946, this
means an increase of 111% in only ten
years, and the end is not yet in sight!
Particularly encouraging is the fact that
residents of the state have kept right up
with the dairy industry as far as consump-
tion is concerned. We have reached the
point where milk imports are negligible,
and it will not be too long before Florida,
as the dairy center of the South, will be
exporting large quantities to other states.
The emergence of another great in-
dustry in Florida is no accident. Our
milk producers and dairy associations
have done a tremendous selling job.
While milk is a staple food, the huge in-
creases in consumption the industry en-
joys have come about only through the
imaginative promotion for which Florida
is so well known.
Extensive advertising and publicity
campaigns have made the public milk
conscious. New and interesting ways to
drink and use milk have been found.
By-products such as ice cream are given
new interest with exciting new flavors.
Housewives are being supplied with dif-
ferent and tempting recipes which have
milk as an essential ingredient. Con-
sumption by children is being increased
by special flavored straws which make
plain milk turn magically into chocolate,
strawberry or coffee!
The state's milk producers and dis-
tributors can be proud of the great new
industry they have created. It is encour-
aging to know that this is really only the
beginning. As Florida grows, our dairy
industry will grow with it.
This is another example of the sound
expansion which is making Florida an in-
creasingly important factor in the nation's
economic well being.

milk decrease and 14 pounds butterfat
increase for the daughters compared to
their high-producing dams.
Sybil Pompey Bonny Beau Onyx is a
son of the great proved sire, Monolo
Sybil Pompey, also proved in the Welk-
ener herd and sold to the American
Breeders' Service for use in their nation-
wide Proved Sire Service. He has many
artificially-sired daughters in Florida and
over the nation which have made good
records on hundreds of farms.


Drink 2 Ounces More Per Day
To Take Milk Surplus Away
C. Raymond Brock, Connecticut Milk
Dealer and President of the Milk Indus-
try Foundation, told Indiana Milk Deal-
ers at their recent Annual Convention
that more intensive fluid milk sales and
advertising by milk distributors is one of
the most urgent needs of the dairy in-
Urging increased sales efforts by milk
distributors as an aid to dairy farmers and
the elimination of growing milk sur-
pluses, Mr. Brock said:
"On the basis of the preliminary fig-
ures for 1955, we would have to increase
per capital milk consumption in the U. S.
by less than two ounces per day to con-
sume our total annual production of
milk. This goal is within our reach, if
we properly organize and orient our mer-
chandising efforts.
"I urge milk dealers, in this period
of increasing production, to increase the
ratio of their advertising expenditures at
the local level, in order to test the effec-
tiveness of this medium for resolving
our under-consumption problem. I urge
local groups of dealers to unite their ef-
forts and advertise cooperatively in local
newspapers and over local radio and tele-
vision stations. The impact of such col-
lective efforts can be many times that of
individual efforts, in a special program
of this kind."

Adopted By
The House and Senate of the Florida
Legislature adopted the following joint
resolution May 31, 1951, concurring in
the Governor's Proclamation for the ob-
servance of June as Dairy Month.
WHEREAS, the Governor has issued
a proclamation for the observance of the
month of June as "Dairy Month" in
recognition of the progress and universal
importance to the health and economic
welfare of the citizens of Florida of the
production of a wholesome and adequate
home supply of milk products,
That the Senate hereby concurs in the
Governor's proclamation for the observ-
ance of June as "Dairy Month."
Adopted By The Senate and The
House of Representatives May 31, 1951.
This action gave the Florida Legisla-
ture the distinction of being the first in
the nation to give official legislative rec-
ognition to the "June is Dairy Month"
pro mm,


In spite of much uninformed talk about Florida milk prices being too high and
criticism of the State Milk Commission, which sets the minimum milk prices to both
dairy farmers and milk consumers, the Federal Market Service still continues to show
that Florida milk prices compare favorably with milk prices in many parts of the
Analysis of the prices for April and May, 1957, shown in the table below, dis-
closes the following facts about Florida's prices by comparison-Of the 46 cities
listed outside Florida, 25 have a price equal to Florida's price of 27 cents a quart for
Grade A pasteurized milk; 11 cities have a price higher than the Florida price of 27
cents, while 21 cities have a price of 26 and 261/2 cents.
Not shown in this table are also 35
cities with a May price of 25 and 251/2 MILK PRICE COMPARISONS -MAY, 1957
cents a quart. Surprisingly, the Florida City Cream% *Price
price of 27 cents is only slightly more Per Quart
than one-tenth of a cent higher than the Tampa, Fla. 4.% 27 v
average of 26.88 cents for the 46 cities Ot.aa Fla. 27
shown in the table. Jacksonville, Fla. 4.-4.5 27
The U. S. Department of Agriculture Orlando, Fla. 27
Marketing Service milk price report for Miami 27
Pensacola 27
May showed the average price per single Tallahassee 27
quart of standard grade milk delivered Boston, Mass. t291/2
to homes in 25 principal cities was 24.4 Providence, R. I. 27
cents, down 0.2 cent from the previous Baltimore, Md. t27
Hartford, Conn. 27
month but 0.6 cent above the May 1956 New Haven, Conn. 3.7 29
average. Compared with April, price de- Philadelphia, Pa. 4.2 f271/2
dines were: 1/2 cent per quart in Boston, Scranton, Pa. 26
New York, Pittsburgh, and one cent in Pittsburgh, Pa. t27
New York City 3.5 26/2
Dallas and San Francisco. In the other white Plains, N. Y. #27
20 markets prices were unchanged from Binghampton, N. Y. 3.5 26
a month earlier. Florida prices remained Yonkers, N. Y. #271/2
the same. A recent announcement for Niagara Falls, N. Y. #26V
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. #27
Georgia states that a one cent per quart Atlantic City, N. J. 3.5 281/2
seasonal reduction for the State will be- Camden, N. J. 3.5 26
come effective July 1. Trenton, N. J. 3.5 27
The dairy farmer prices for Class I Gary, Ind. 3.5 28
Chicago, 111. 3.5 281/2
milk in early May 1957 averaged $5.16 Washington, ). C. 3.5 26
per hundredweight for the 25 areas, one Alexandria, Va. 3.5 26
cent below the May 1956 average. How- Norfolk, Va. 4. 26
ever, the average milk price to dairymen Wheeling, W. Va. 3.5 26
Asheville, N. C. 4. 26
of the Southeastern States was $6.26, re- Charlotte, N. C. 4. 26
fleeting higher milk production costs in Durham, N. C. 4. 26
this area-including Florida. Seasonally, winston-Salem, N. c. 4. 26
the May farm price was down 13 cents- Charleston, S. C. 26
Atlanta, Ga. 4. 27
about the usual April-May decline. Augusta, Ga. 4. 27

New Jersey Governor on
Politics and Milk Controls
In a recent address at a milk producers'
meeting of his state, Governor Miner of
New Jersey, in discussing that State's
milk price control law which he strongly
supported, cautioned the New Jersey
Dairy Industry that it would require more
cooperation between New Jersey milk
producers and between milk distributors,
as well as between producers and dis-
tributors, to maintain the State's milk
price control system.
"It is quite possible that the State of
New Jersey could abandon all price con-
trols," he stated. "I can imagine a dema-
gogue with political ambitions could
make out quite a case to the consumers
by promising 160 milk if our state con-
trols were abandoned," he added.

Columbus, Ga.
Macon, Ga.
Savannah, Ga.
Birmingham, Ala.
Mobile, Ala.
Baton Rouge, La.
New Orleans, La.
Shreveport, La.
Tulsa, Okla.
Oklahoma City
El Paso, Texas
Austin, Texas
Houston, Texas
Galveston, Texas
Albuquerque, N. M.
Los Angeles, Cal.
Average, 46 cities outside
Florida Average


.. 27

Prices quoted are carton prices where there is a
difference inasmuch as Florida prices are the same
for milk in glass and carton containers.
*Prices of Standard Pasteurized Milk for area from
U.S.D.A. May 17 Report, Table 1, except for
Florida and unless otherwise indicated.
tPrice of "High Fat" Milk from U.S.D.A, May
17 Report, Table No. 5, believed to be compar-
able to Florida "Grade A" 4.% to 4.5% butter-
fat milk.
#Price of Standard Milk Price reported by N. Y.
Dept. of Agriculture, April 1957.

Wednesday, August 21 12:00 E.S.T.

New Port Richey, Fla. just off Route 19
near Stuckey's Pecans

Catalog-Bill Carpenter, Rutherford, N. C.



Purebred and Grade Heifers

Truckloads may be secured


Commission Agent Siler City, N. C.


Will pick up at your farm.

"Florida's oldest bag dealers"
4405 E. Columbus Drive, Tampa.


1 1800 gallon tank. Contact Mr. E. F. Froeh-
lich, Route 1, Box B50, West Palm Beach.
Phone Temple 3-4078.
1 1,000 gallon tank truck. Contact Mr. Ray
Johnson, Deer-Pom Dairy, Route 1, Pompano
Beach. Phone 3-1246.
1 1,000 gallon tank truck, '55 Ford (F-600)
truck with stainless steel tank with agitator.
Perfect condition. Price: $3,500. Contact Mr.
R. L. Parker, P. O. Box 231, Pompano Beach,
Phone 7374.
1 500 gallon tank truck completely recon-
ditioned and painted. Truck and tank in ex-
cellent condition. Contact Hall & Boyd Dairy,
Inc., Route 1, Box 299, Miami. Phone Tuxedo
1 1200 gallon tank truck '51 Studebaker.
Good condition. Hall & Boyd Dairy, Inc.,
Route 1, Box 299, Miami. Phone Tuxedo
1 1,000 gallon tank truck, '51 Studebaker,
with agitator. Good condition. Contact Mr. C.
C. Melear, Palm Beach Dairies, Inc., Route 1,
Box 1167-C, Lake Worth. Phone Boynton
Beach 4341.
Jersey Breeding Stock. Contact Mr. Judson
Minear, Pennwood Farms, P. O. Box 217,
Jupiter 4141.


Milk Price Control in Pennsylvania

Part II From An Address By J. K. MAHOOD, Chairman, Pennsylvania Milk Control
Commission at the 1956 A nual Florida Dairy Field Day Meeting in Gainesville.
Mr. Mahoo.d iJ a dairy farmer in Bradford County, Pennsylvania.
He operates a 200 acre dairy farm there, breeding Holstein-
Friesian cattle. He served 10 years as executive secretary of the *
Pennsylvania State Grange, an organization of 80,000 farm people
of the State of Pennsylvania.

"The building of confidence in the Dairy Industry is not a job for a man alone-
it is not a job for Milk Commissions alone-but it should be the concern of every
citizen who believes in justice and fair play and who believes that agriculture is
still the fundamental industry in our American economy."

The question arises: "Which is better, State or Federal Control of Milk Prices?"
I do not think the problem is as simple as that but rather "which type of control
will best answer a particular problem." I am a firm believer in "home-rule" as far
as possible, and I mean that literally. I believe that the home is the fundamental
unit of government-and, incidentally, I fear that the American home today is sadly
neglecting its opportunity to teach respect for authority and law and order. I be-
lieve that the local and state governments should perform all the functions of
government which they are capable of doing; and that we should ask the Federal
Government to do only those things which cannot be done within the framework of
state and local laws. Too many people today believe that there is something magic
in Washington and that the services which we demand cost us nothing. Well, there
is no magic at the Nation's Capitol and we usually find that Federal services, too,
have to be paid for. The entire cost of operating the Pennsylvania Milk Control
Commission is less than 3/4 per cwt. of milk while Federal regulation of producer
prices, only, in a marketing area is several times as much.

We realize that there are some things
which can be accomplished by a Federal
Order which cannot be done by the state.
The surplus milk which finds its way
across state lines can be exceedingly
troublesome and can seriously hamper the
enforcement of state control orders. Such
a condition led to the establishment of
Federal Order No. 61 in Philadelphia in
1942. This order has been in effect con-
tinuously since then and I believe it to
be one of the best orders in the north-
east. It has, for the most part, returned
satisfactory prices to the producers and
the Milk Commission has found no in-
surmountable difficulties in working with
it. Usually the class prices of each agency
have been the same, but in recent months
the Commission Class I price has been
from 5 to 250 higher than the Federal
formula produced. In this case the dis-
tributor is required to pay the higher of
the two prices. A hearing is being held
at the present time in Philadelphia in an
attempt to more closely align the pro-
visions of the two orders. Producers
petitioned for the hearing asking, among
other -things, for an adjustment in the
Federal formula which would raise the
Class I price to the level of the state
In the Pittsburgh market an increasing
amount of unregulated milk is coming
from Ohio. Two years ago less than 3%
of Pittsburgh's milk supply was purchased
at less than Commission prices. In 1955
that lower priced milk had risen to 8%
of the supply and one group of producers
has petitioned for a hearing on a Federal

Order. If I were to voice any criticism
of Federal regulation, in a market where
it is needed, it would be that it does
not appear to be as quickly responsive to
the changing needs of the industry as
state control.
What has made milk control sucess-
ful in Pennsylvania? Sometimes when
I contemplate the tremendous task of
regulating an industry so vast, so varied,
one which reaches into every city, town
and almost every farm of the Common-
wealth, it seems to me that the Com-
mission must have been endowed with an
extraordinary amount of luck that we
should have survived the years as well
as we have. But taking an objective look
at the situation it appears that two
things may have been partly responsible.
The first one is that the Commission has
always held to a middle-of-the-road
course. We have not tried to wring the
last nickel from the dealer's profit nor
have we overcharged the consumer to
keep any inefficient producers in busi-
ness, but rather, we have endeavored to
maintain a healthy industry for the effi-
cient producer and distributor and bring
a good quart of milk to the consumer at a
reasonable price.
The second reason probably stems
from the first. It is that, over the years,
a spirit of confidence has built up in the
industry-confidence not necessarily in
the personnel of the Commission, past
or present, but confidence in a system
which has had a wholesome influence on
the milk markets of Pennsylvania.

President Eisenhower Salutes
Dairy Industry on 350 Years
Of Growth and Progress
President Eisenhower added his state-
ment of congratulations and best wishes
to the American dairy industry upon the
occasion of dairying's 350th anniversary,
which was celebrated June 4th in James-
In a letter to the American Dairy As-
sociation, the President stated:
"The American dairy industry, tracing
its beginning to the founding of James-
town Colony in Virginia three hundred
and fifty years ago, has pioneered in its
contribution to the health and welfare
of our people.
"In our country dairying has grown
into a dynamic, highly specialized in-
dustry. Today, it requires a work force
of several million people to produce,
process, and distribute the sixty billion
quarts of milk and milk products con-
sumed by the American people each year.
This vast quantity of basic foodstuff fills
an important part of the nutritional re-
quirements of our people and is a splen-
did addition to the strength of our
"Congratulations to the American dairy
industry and best wishes to all who are
engaged in this vital enterprise.
Dwight D. Eisenhower"

That confidence was best expressed
during the last session of our Legisla-
ture. During the last gubernatorial cam-
paign, both candidates had given milk
control some very unfavorable publicity.
The successful candidate had been espe-
cially critical and when the Legislature
met bills were introduced to repeal the
act and others to make some drastic
changes. It looked as though milk con-
trol was in for a bad time. However,
every major farm organization of the
State (and we have a lot of them in
Pennsylvania) every producer's coopera-
tive, the distributor's association and some
consumers rose to defend milk control.
The bills all died in Committee.
A small dealer expressed that confi-
dence in another way. A group of dealers
from Maryland came across the line to
consult with the dealers in a Pennsylvania
town. When asked what he thought of
milk control, one of the Pennsylvania
milk dealers, who had just been filling
out a monthly report of his business, re-
plied: "We criticise the Milk Commis-
sion all day long, but when we go to
bed at night we say a little prayer for
them because we smaller dealers know
that we would not be in business with-
out their protection."
To perserve that confidence is a task
worthy of the efforts of each and every
one of us.




The Annual Dairy Pasture Contest Committee of the Florida Dairy Association is pleased to present these fine winning
essays on Dairy Pasture Improvement by 4-H members. The First Prize Essay by Miss Virginia Bell of Palm Beach County
was published in the Dairy News, 1st Quarter Issue of 1957. The 1957 Essay Contest Winners in both 4-H and F.F.A. Di-
visions will be announced in the next issue of the Dairy News.

"How A Better Dairy Pasture Was Developed on Our Farm"
By: OLIN FISCHER, JR., Orange County
I did not help plan a pasture on our farm but I helped my uncle plant his
pasture. I will tell the operations we used in making his improved pasture.
First we looked for a fairly low, well drained plot of land in a convenient loca-
tion. We found an 80-acre tract 21/2 miles southeast of Windermere. Most of it
was fairly low with pine trees and palmettos growing there.

In early spring we had it cleared with
a bulldozer. A few pine trees were left
for shade. After clearing, it lay idle
until June.
In June we started picking up palmetto
roots. We had a jeep and a trailer and
four other boys to do this. It took us
two weeks to finish this job.
Then we limed. We spread a ton of
dolomite to the acre. Then we fertilized,
using 400 pounds of 4-7-5- fertilizer to
the acre.
After fertilizing, we planted 40 acres
of pongola grass by sprigging. This was
done by a grass planter pulled behind a
tractor. The planter punched holes in
the ground while men fed sprigs of
grass into the planter. Then it packed
the grass into the ground. It took three
days to plant the pangola grass.
After the pangola grass was planted,
we had 20 acres planted with Pensacola

Bahia grass. This was done by a drill.
The seeds were sowed 12 pounds to the
acre. This operation took half a day.
We waited until the rainy season to
plant the grass. After it was planted it
rained almost every afternoon. This is
one reason we waited until July. The
grass would have a good water supply
and, with this abundant supply, would
establish rapidly.
In a month we began to build the
fence. First we put in the corner posts.
They were buried 21/2 feet in the ground
and 4 feet of post was left above ground
level. When the corner posts were in,
we started putting up the fence. First
we strung the top strand of barbed wire
and stapled it tightly to the corner post
on each end. We used a jeep to lay
out and tighten the barbed wire for
safety. Then we put in the posts, using
the stretched wire as a guide. A pole

"How A Better Dairy Pasture Was Developed on Our Farm"
By: HOMER POWELL, JR., Brevard County
We have a small piece of land consisting of fifteen acres fenced off in five-acre
blocks. The surface of our land is quite irregular. It is not exactly flat nor rolling;
the middle has a high strip and at each end it is low. The condition of our soil
is quite low, you might call it water-logged, making drainage
-u . o1:pulsory. The west side of our pasture is covered by cattails,
arid on the balance of it we have some Carpet Grass, some Pangola,
Slor, of Bermuda but it is full of weeds.
We decided that we would ditch the land with "V"-type
ditches. We would run a ditch down each side of it. Once this
w.a done, our next step toward improving our pasture was to
tind out what the pH of our soil was and what kind of soil we
h.id to work with. The pH turned out to be 5.0, and the type
ol soil Leon-St. Johns, bordered on the west by muck. With a pH
POWELL of 5.0, our soil needed 2000 pounds, or one ton, of lime per

We purchased the lime and borrowed
an automatic spreader to put the lime on
the ground. After we had spread the
lime, we turn it over to a depth of about
four inches with a bottom plow. We
then harrowed it east and west. After
that, we cross-harrowed it north and
south until we had it leveled off.

We started looking around to see what
kind of grass and clover would do good
on our type of soil. We found that
Pangola was best suited. Then in the
fall, during the months of July and Au-
gust, we cut sprouts from the pastures
of a neighboring ranch to plant in our
pasture. We cut the grass after a good

15 feet long was used to measure the
distance between the holes. The holes
were dug two feet deep with hole dig-
gers. After the posts were put in be-
tween two corners, we stapled up the
top strand of wire. Then we stretched
the other three strands and stapled them.
It took us five days to complete the
fencing operation. We put a gate on
the east side of the pasture. By the
time the fence was finished the Bahia
grass had sprouted and the pangola was
well established.
In November a small barn was built
with hay racks all along the sides and a
feed room. A water hole was dug be-
fore we put the cattle in.
In the early part of December I was
called upon to held build a fence divid-
ing the pasture into two parts. In the
north part we put the 4-H dairy cattle
and in the south part we put my uncle's
beef cattle.
Now the pangola has grown to be 11/2
feet high and the Bahia is doing fine
because of the ample moisture and ferti-
In less than nine months we have pro-
vided a well established improved pas-
ture through good practices, a pasture
that is here today for my uncles's cows
rain and spread it thick over the land,
just far enough ahead of the tractor to
keep it from drying out.
When we had finished planting the
Pangola, we waited for it to start grow-
ing so we could fertilize it. In a few
weeks, you could see the green sprouts
starting out and we were ready then to
apply the fertilizer. We applied five
hundred pounds per acre of 8-8-8 with
one unit of Copper to the pasture.
We wanted to plant some clover in
our pasture, too, so we decided the best
results would come from waiting a year
so we could mow the Pangola down and
then seed the Clover. Once the year was
up, we had a beautiful stand of Pangola
and we mowed it and seeded two pounds
of White Clover per acre.
With this combination of Clover and
Pangola, and with the pastures fenced in
5-acre blocks so that rotation of grazing
can be practiced, we find that this has
helped to provide better pastures for
our dairy animals.
This entire project began when I se-
cured a 3-day old Dairy Calf two years
ago to use as my 4-H Club Project.


MIF Executive Urges Closer Communication
Between Milk Producers and Distributors
Executive Director, Milk Industry Foundation
June Dairy Month is the time of the year when all segments of the dairy industry
join together to promote the sale of milk and dairy products, and to promote
greater public understanding of the great $10 billion dairy industry.
It is, perhaps, therefore an appropriate time to focus attention upon the work-
ing relationships between dairy farmers and the dairy plant which processes and
distributes his milk. For no other segment of
We' agriculture and no other segment of industry
which processes an agricultural product seem, to
me, to be in as close proximity to each other as
1the dairy farmer and the fluid milk dealer.
Milk, being the perishable kind of commodity
"that it is, moves quickly from the dairy farm to
the processing plant and thence to the consumer.
Between the dairy farmer and the fluid milk pro-
cessor there are seldom if ever any "middle men,"
WERNER warehousemen, or other intermediaries. The
movement of milk is direct, affording many op-
portunities for dairy farmers and milk processors to work together for their mutual
This is more true for dairy farmers and milk processors than it is, for example,
for cotton growers and the textile industry; for wheat growers and the nation's
milling and baking industry; for stock ranches and the meat packing industry.
For these reasons, it is imperative that
the relationship between the dairy farmer The members of this particular group of
and the milk processor be a cooperative dairy farmers feel that they have various
one. They stand to succeed or fail to- effective ways of transmitting their ideas
gether, and neither can gain a great deal and wishes to the managements of the
without the help and active assistance of milk companies with whom they do busi-
the other, ness. In addition, they say that they re-
ceive communications from the milk com-
Nevertheless, to my mind, efforts to pany in a variety of forms-letters,
build a genuine partnership relation be- printed materials, personal calls from
tween dairy farmers and fluid milk deal- field men and other company represen-
ers have not always received all of the tatives-and they also have participated
emphasis they deserve, in company sponsored meetings for dairy

The kind of mutually beneficial part-
nership that is called for in this situa-
tion can be arrived at only on the basis
of understanding. And sound under-
standing on the part of both the dairy
farmer and the milk dealer can be at-
tained only on the basis of effective two-
way communication between the two.
Against the background of this philos-
ophy, the Milk Industry Foundation re-
cently undertook to sponsor a survey
of dairy farmers throughout the United
States, in order to find out what kind of
communications network existed between
dairy farmers and fluid milk processors,
and to see how it might be improved.
Some of the results of this survey are
most encouraging. We found, for ex-
ample, that more than six farmers in
every ten who sell their milk to fluid
processors feel that they have a "very
satisfactory" relationship with the buyers
of their milk.
An even more significant fact is this:
Our survey enabled us to separate out
a group of dairy farmers-roughly one-
seventh of the total-who seem to have
the most effective kind of communica-
tion with the dealers who buy their milk.

farmers or in tours of the dairy plants
that process their milk.
The value of this combination of ef-
fective communications is illustrated by
the fact that among this particular group
of dairy farmers more than eight in ten
say they have a "very satisfactory" re-
lationship with their milk buyers-as
compared with the national average of
only six in ten.
Now, of course, the survey did show
that their are some gaps in the communi-
cations network between dairy farmers
and milk dealers that need to be closed.
We found that approximately two out
of every three dairy farmers feel they
had effective ways of communicating
their wishes to the buyer of their milk;
slightly more than half the dairy farmers
receive letters and printed materials from
their dealers; almost half say also that
they had been invited to dairy sponsored
meetings by milk dealers. Slightly more
than half say they have been invited to
tour their dealer's plants.
What this means from a negative point
of view, of course, is that for some one-
third to one-half of the nation's dairy
farmers, there is room for improvement

in the communications network between
them and their dealers.
Such failures in communication result
in serious misunderstandings or miscon-
ceptions-as can be illustrated by the
dairy farmers' ideas of the milk dealer's
profits. When the farmers in the survey
were asked what they believe the milk
dealers make in profit on a quart of
fresh fluid milk, the average of their
answers, on a national basis, was 5.4
cents. When asked what they thought
the milk dealer's profit should be, the
average of their replies was 3.8 cents.
Actually, as is known as a result of the
annual study of milk distribution costs
conducted by Indiana University, the
actual annual profit by U. S. milk dealers
is less than one-cent per quart.
Another illustration of how failures in
communication lead to misunderstanding
concerns the advertising and promotional
efforts of milk dealers. We know that
fluid milk dealers are spending $60 mil-
lions a year to advertise and promote
the sale of fluid milk products. But
only one farmer in every four feels that
fluid milk dealers are doing a "very
good" advertising job to promote the
sale of fluid milk items. This is prob-
ably because almost half of the dairy
farmers say they have never seen or
heard any of the advertising that their
dealers have undertaken in newspapers
or on radio or television. If dairy farmers
are to become appreciative of the dealer's
efforts to sell more milk, dealers must
undertake to acquaint the farmers with
what they are doing in this area.
Despite the inadequacy of the com-
munications system between farmers and
milk dealers as it exists today, it is never-
theless encouraging to find that six dairy
farmers out of ten feel their relationship
is "very satisfactory". The one out-
standing fact we have learned is that
when a dairy farmer feels that he has an
ample opportunity to convey his ideas
and wishes to his milk dealer, and when
the dairy farmer is the object of a variety
of effective communication from the milk
dealer, the dairy farmer is much more
inclined to look favorably on his dealer-
Now that we know what the situa-
tion is, the fluid milk industry is in a
position to improve this situation by
closing these gaps in communications.
We believe that the key to improved
understanding and better teamwork be-
tween dairy farmers and milk dealers
lies in improved communications.
And the net result of such improved
understanding and improved teamwork,
we are confident, will be greater sales of
fluid milk, and a more profitable business
for both fluid milk dealers and dairy

Attend Florida's Annual Dairy Convention Best Yet...

At Balmoral Hotel, Miami Beach, July 3, 4, 5

This delightful hotel on the beach in
North Miami Beach offers every conven-
ience and necessity for an outstanding
dairy business program, coupled with a 4th
of July vacation . for the entire family
for all who find this possible ...

The Balmoral's beautiful modern swimming pool,
hotel and facing the beach.

k)E q The low summer and convention room
-ii rates will help to make it an economical
vacation, too.
The large sand beach area and the
/ beautiful pool and terrace lounging area
7 make an ideal setting for swimming, sun-
bathing or for just lounging and resting.

The Balmoral beachfront pool terrace, lounging and
sunbathing area, where Dairy Convention-goers will
gather for special outdoor program events.

An evening cruise in the Miami harbor ',
and bayfront area for the entire convention
group on the 300 passenger Excursion
Dreamboat will be a highlight of the exten-
sive entertainment and recreation pro-
Come a day early and stay over the
week-end, if you like, at convention rates.

Make your reservation now to the Flori-
da Dairy Association, 615 Park St., Jack-
d isov so a o 6The front entrance of the Balmoral's block-wide garden
sonville. and parking area.



Florida's Dairy Councils

Current News of Dairy Council Work in Tampa-St. Petersburg, Miami & Jacksonville

This section of the Dairy News is intended to bring timely information of the
activities of Florida Dairy Council work. The material will be supplied by the
three Council directors in turn.

Dairy Council of Miami

NDC To Issue Bulletin For Industry

Use on Fat-Heart Disease Problem
"Scare" Headlines Are the Major Public Relations
Problem, Says NDC Fat and Heart Disease Conference
A special informational bulletin outlining in everyday language the facts involved
in the dietary fat and heart disease problem is to be published soon by the National
Dairy Council.
It will be intended for use by the dairy industry in answering specific questions
raised by consumers. NDC will also supplement the bulletin from time to time as
new information becomes available from nutrition research.
This action by NDC is the result of a resolution adopted by the NDC Board of
Directors in Chicago on May 15 which was based on certain recommendations made
to the Board by 26 public relations specialists who attended the NDC Public Rela-
tions Conference on Dietary Fat and Heart Disease in Chicago on May 9. The NDC
Board resolution also calls for NDC to sponsor another public relations conference
on the subject before January 1958 to again assess the aspects of the dietary fat-heart
disease problem and NDC's operating procedures with respect to the problem.

The all-day public relations conference
considered first a study of actual clippings
from newspapers and magazines. These
had been gathered during the three weeks
prior to the conference. Other sources of
information carrying the diet-heart dis-
ease implication to the general public
were also examined. From this, the group
generally agreed on two points: (1)
"scare" headlines over newspaper and
consumer magazine stories constitute the
major public relations problems facing
the food industries at this time with re-
spect to a possible relationship between
dietary fat and heart disease; and (2)
the actual content of many of the stories
does not bear out the sensational claims
advanced by headline writers.
The group also heard reports on the
nutritional information available on the
subject and the procedure NDC has been
following in handling dietary fat-heart
disease information.
It was revealed that the NDC Public
Relations Department has been operating
since last year under the guidance of a
specific NDC Board of Directors policy
which limited public relations activity on
the problem to: (1) meet individual
press attacks upon dairy foods with con-
crete information refuting false or exag-
gerated claims; but (2) refrain from pro-
moting or initiating mass public dissemi-
nation of facts as are now available


(which in effect might well heighten the
controversy at this time when actually
very little is known about any of the
causes of heart disease).
The soundness of this policy was re-
affirmed in recommendations made by
the public Relations group to NDC's
Board of Directors; specific suggestions
were also made on steps to be taken to
further stabilize the dairy industry and
consumer knowledge on the subject. Bas-
ically, it was pointed out that science's
answer to the problem at this time is best
expressed in this advice: (1) eat a bal-
anced diet including dairy products and
other protective foods; and (2) maintain
a body weight ideal for your size, frame,
sex, and age.
On the nutritional aspects of the fat-
heart disease problem, it was revealed to
the group that at NDC's April 14 Re-
search Conference, attended by eminent
scientists, it was brought out that there
are four groups of possible atherosclerotic
influence which should be studied. These
factors are: (1) concurrent disease, (2)
heredity, (3) hormones, and (4) diet.
It was noted that diet is only one of four
areas which should be studied with dili-
gence and that even under diet, fat is
only one of many factors to be studied:
Protein, carbohydrate, vitamins and min-
erals also need exploration.

Outgoing President Henry B. Pownall, of
the Dairy Council of Dade, Broward and
Monroe Counties, is shown at the Fifth An-
nual Meeting with three of the special guests.
The two boys holding white rats participated
in the program by telling how their class-
mates used a feeding demonstration to learn
the necessity of eating good foods. They are
sixth graders at Rock Island Elementary
School in Ft. Lauderdale. The lady in the
background is their Principal.

Eighth Annual Meeting Held
By Jacksonville Dairy Council
The Dairy Council of Jacksonville
held its 8th Annual Meeting on June 4,
as a kick-off for June Dairy Month. The
meeting was held in the new 4-H Club
House where it was possible to put up
many displays of Dairy Council materials
to help the industry members familiarize
themselves with it.
J. H. Adams, president of the Dairy
Council, welcomed the guests and pre-
sided at the meeting. Charlie Capri,
chairman of the June Dairy Month pro-
gram, reported on the progress of various
The guest speaker of the evening was
John Warrington, National Dairy Coun-
cil's Southern Regional Representative.
Mr. Warrington made a very interesting
(Continued on Next Page)

16 East Church Street
Miss Betty Wilkinson, Acting Dir.

102 N. Dale Mabry Tampa
Mrs. America Escuder, Exec. Director
Mrs. Sandra S. Casteel, Asst. Dir.

769 N. W. 18th Terrace Miami
Miss Marian Cudworth, Exec. Director
Miss Nancy Hinckley, Asst. Director

ACTIVITIES PICTURED ABOVE SHOW, left; One of the most popular booths at the recent Industrial Exposition held in Miami,
which was the "FIGURAMA" booth presented by the Dairy Council of Dade, Broward and Monroe Counties. Since Weight Control is of
such popular interest, lines of men and women formed to get their free weight in the "Weight Information Booth". Miss Marian Cud-
worth, Executive Director of the Dairy Council, is shown talking with some of the guests about their weight problems. A counter on the
scale tabulated the number of persons weighed during the week . which amount to 7,000 persons, or one person weighed every 30 sec-
onds! Nearly 900 people signed for weight control booklets to be mailed to them and 2,500 Dairy Council booklets were given out to the
public this way.
Capitalizing on a natural tie-in with the Florida Power & Light Company, the Dairy Council in Miami used their booklet, "COOKING
IS FUN", as a theme for a power company window display shown at RIGHT ABOVE. The celebration of Child Health Day (and week)
also gave occasion to expand the theme by showing "eight year olds" cooking . with milk and cream . in the kitchen. Posters and
booklets from the Dairy Council of Dade, Broward and Monroe Counties were exhibited in the window.

News of Jacksonville Dairy Council-
(Continued from Page 28)
talk explaining the importance of the
Dairy Council program to the dairy in-
dustry and to the community, and why
"education is essential to sales."

Dairy Month Activities
As a highlight of June Dairy Month
activities, the Dairy Council of Jackson-
ville and the June Dairy Month Commit-
tee will give a banquet, Friday, July 12,
at the Green Turtle Restaurant, honor-
ing the winners of the annual milk sales
contest and others who have helped make
June Dairy Month a success.
One of the main ways of bringing the
dairy industry to the attention of many
people this June is the showing of the
film, "The New Story of Milk," to sev-
eral local civic clubs and other oganiza-
tions. June Dairy Month posters are be-
ing used on Post Office Trucks and ex-
hibits have been put in some Jacksonville
store windows.
The local radio and television stations,
as well as newspapers, have been co-oper-
ating in the promotion of dairy products
this June. Betty Ann Wilkinson was
interviewed on Perret's television pro-
gram, "The Sheriff of Cochise," on
WMBR-TV, June 12, telling of her work
at the Dairy Council and emphasizing
the fact that "June Is Dairy Month."

Because w
ple know ab
this Dairy
form local ar
The U. S.
has extended
to include
stitutions. T.
nurseries, da
grounds, yoi
organized r
school child
age may no
price and be
ment up to
sold or give
This same
cents is grain
schools whi
lunch, a sna
Schools whi
Lunch are re
all milk wh
the milk se
This reimbur
received for
application f
ly. Both reii
and private
vided their
Here is or
Program wo
milk for 7

New Special Milk Program
Miami Dairy Council
e have found that few peo- it to children for as low as 4 cents and
out the new Milk Program receive the maximum 3 cents reimburse-
Council has set out to in- ment. Milk sold or consumed by adults
id state agencies of the latest is not reimbursed. Dairy chocolate milk
is not reimbursed because it does not
Department of Agriculture meet the butterfat content of whole milk.
Sthe Special Milk Program However, fresh whole milk may be
all non-profit child-care in- flavored if desired and still be reim-
his means that kindergartens, bursed. In like manner all whole milk
y camps, Bible schools, play- purchased for cooking, for milk shakes,
uth centers, parks, and any or for preparation of any food served
creation program for pre- to children is also reimbursed.
ren and children of school With the new regulations it is now
w serve milk at a reduced possible to offer milk to children at a
reimbursed by the govern- reduced price at state and city parks,
3 cents for each half pint playgrounds, recreation centers and at
n to children, any site where there are organized activi-
reimbursement of up to 3 ties for children whether the programs
nted to summer and winter last one week, one month, or continue
ch serve a cafeteria style the year round.
ck lunch or no lunch at all. Milk dealers should call on their
ch serve a Federal Plate schools, their local child-care agencies
reimbursed up to 4 cents for and recreation programs and explain the
ich is sold over and above Special Milk Program to the authority
rved with the plate lunch. in charge.
rsement is in addition to that
the Federal Plate Lunch and Phone or write enclosing stamped self-
or it must be made separate- addressed envelope to any of the three
mbursements apply to public Florida Dairy Councils listed on this
ch-nols and a enci; rn.- page.

g r
food service is a non-profit

ie example of how the Milk
irks. If an institution buys
:ents a half pint it may sell

Application blanks on which to apply
for the program may be secured by writ-
ing to: U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture, Food Distribution Division, 50
Seventh St., N.E., Atlanta 23, Georgia.




Agricultural Extension Service Dairy Products Laboratory
Dairy Farm Research Unit Agricultural Experiment Station

Dr. W. E. Peterson of the University of Minnesota is
scheduled as principal speaker.
Thursday and Friday, August 1-2, have been selected as the most suitable time
for the Annual Dairy Field Day meetings at the University of Florida.
Subjects for the two-day program were recently selected at an all day program
Committee Meeting held at the University of Florida, Department of Dairy Science,
between members of the University dairy staff and members of the Annual Field
Day Committee of the Florida Dairy Association, which is a co-sponsor of the An-
nual Dairy Field Day with the University.
Jack McMullen of Clearwater, who is chairman of the F.D.A. Field Day Commit-
tee, presided at the all-day program conference which was attended by dairymen
T. G. Lee, Orlando, F.D.A. President; Wilbur Casey, Largo; Carroll Ward, Jr.,
Goldenrod; Jack Dodd, Maitland; W. L. Ford, Quincy; Elbert Cammack, Geneva;
C. L. Reagan, Bradenton; and Gerald Reagan, Zephyrhills.

University of Florida Dairy Depart-
ment members who took part in the con-
ference were: Dr. Sidney P. Marshall,
Field Day Chrmn. for U.F. Department
of Dairy Science; C. W. Reaves, U.F.
State Extension Dairyman; P. T. Dix
Arnold, U.F. Department of Dairy Sci-
ence; Dr. R. B. Becker, U.S. Department
of Dairy Science; and Alex Shaw, Chief
Dairy Supervisor, State Department of
Subjects selected as most timely for the
Field Day Program are: Antibiotics in
Milk-Frozen Semen-Feed Metering
Devices-Milk Metering Devices-Milk-
ing Parlor Stanchion Alignment-Silage
Unloaders, both upright and bunker
type-Off Flavors in Milk-Bulk Feed-
ing-Hay Crushers-Irrigation Large

Animal Diagnostic Laboratory-Bangs
Dr. W. E. Peterson, one of the world's
outstanding physiologists of the dairy
cow, will be the principal guest speaker
for the Field Day Program. He will
speak on "Antibiotics In Milk" on the
regular program and will be the prin-
cipal speaker at the Field Day Annual
Dinner Program.
Florida dairymen are urged to plan to
attend this important annual training ses-
sion on dairy herd and dairy farm oper-
ation. Hotel reservations should be made
well in advance. The Hotel Thomas will
again be headquarters for the Florida
Dairy Association's Field Day activities.

By: J. M. WING, Asst. Professor of Dairy Husbandry
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Physiological functions of all living organisms are governed by powerful natural
laws. Profitable dairy cattle management utilizes an understanding of these laws, and
never directly opposes them. The strongest natural impulse is survival. Nature uses
every possible means to keep animals alive and to allow them to mature. The second
strongest impulse is reproduction. In the case of mammals, this includes lactation
so it might be said that milk production and calving are second only to preservation
of life itself on nature's list of required functions for the cow.
Since production and reproduction, the profit-making functions, occupy such a
favorable place on nature's priority roll, it may seem unusual that there are so many
infertile cows and low milk producers. The reasons for this alarming situation may
be explained partially by an understanding of some of the body processes which are
necessary to normal production and reproduction. Chemical and physical processes
go on continuously in the digestive tract and tissues. Non-useful products are separ-
(Contijmed on Next Page)

The University of Florida
Schedule of 1957 Special Events
In Cooperation With

March 20-21
For laboratory personnel from state,
county, city and commercial laboratories,
who test dairy and food products, and for
milk sanitarians.
March 20-21
For milk and food sanitarians, laboratory
technicians, public health workers, vet-
erinarians, dairy plant operators, pro-
ducers, distributors, quality control per-
sonnel, and equipment and supply dealers.
August 1-2
For milk producers, producer-distributors,
dairy processors, herdsmen, county agents,
vocational agriculture teachers, veterinari-
ans, DHIA workers and equipment and
supply dealers.
August 20-22
For dairy herdsmen, herd owners, dairy
farm helpers, DHIA supervisors, pro-
ducer-distributors and milk producers.
October 24-25-26
For dairy plant managers, superintendents
and assistants, owners, dairy plant em-
ployees, producer-distributors, equipment
and supply dealers.

Herdsmen's Short Course
In Gainesville August 20-22
Dr. R. B. Becker, veteran University
of Florida instructor in dairy herd and
farm management, has announced an out-
standing program for the 1957 Dairy
Herdsmen's Short Course to be held Tues-
day, Wednesday and Thursday, August
20, 21 and 22.
The program will feature dairy herd
management problems relating to milk
production, pasture and silage. An ex-
hibit and demonstration of farm machin-
ery used in pasture and silage production
will be a special feature at the Univer-
sity Dairy Experiment Farm at Hague.
Dr. Becker has advised that University
dormitory rooms will be available to those
who may want them and these can be
had without advance reservation.
All dairymen are urged to take ad-
vantage of this splendid opportunity to
secure training for herdsmen and farm
managers, as well as for them se;

Florida Association of Milk and Food Sanitarians Officers and Directors 1957-58.
Left to right, seated: Vice President, 1. S. Massey, Milk Sanitarian, Escambia County
Health Department, Pensacola; President, D. L. Lichty, Milk Sanitarian, Palm Beach County
Health Department, West Palm Beach; Secretary-Treasurer, W. A. Krienke, Associate Pro-
fessor, University of Florida, Gainesville; Directors, standing: A. E. Graham, Milk Sani-
tarian, Polk County Health Department, Winter Haven; Emmitt Dozier, Jr., Plant Superin-
tendent, Velda Dairy Products, Jacksonville; and J. D. Robinson, State Dairy Supervisor,
Plant City.
Directors Not Shown: Mrs. Lillian Pomar, Laboratory Technician, Jacksonville Health
Department and S. D. Williams, Milk Sanitarian, Duval County Health Department, Jack-
sonville. Also not shown is the Laboratory Section Chairman, Mrs. Ruth Vrooman, Lab-
oratory Technician, Velda Corporation, North Miami Beach.
(Continued from Page 30)

ated and discarded. A good example is
gas, which is formed as a result of fer-
mentation in the first stomach. The gas
so produced by an average cow in one
day contains 4,000 calories. Removal of
gas, heat, urea, and other non-useful by-
products of metabolism proceeds nor-
mally only in a calm animal. The same is
true for the glands secreting blood and
lymph, and for many other chemical
processes which are necessary to abundant
milk production. This is because of na-
ture's first law which gives top priority
to functions which are most important
to the preservation of life. When life is
threatened, blood vessels contract to re-
duce possible bleeding. The heart and
respiration rates increase. These things
are done at the expense of tissues which
are not of first importance to an endan-
gered animal. Intestinal and stomach
movements and secretions slow down or
stop. Blood is diverted away from the
digestive tract, reproductive organs, and
udder. Processes which are necessary to

production and reproduction virtually
A dairy cow seldom is in real danger,
but modern cattle descended from wild
animals, which but for nature's first law
might have become extinct. Nature's de-
sign is still good, but failure to under-
stand and use this master plan for pro-
longing life is the cause of many of our
present problems. The functions of pro-
duction and reproduction cannot proceed
normally in a cow which is uncomfort-
able or nervous.
Quiet, calm surroundings and kind
treatment are necessary at all times. The
sight of a place or person associated with
frequent unpleasant experiences cause
the life-saving actions of the cow's body
to exert themselves at the expense of the
profit-making functions.
Adequate veterinary service, sanitation,
fly control, clean water, high-quality
feeds, and regular milking are not just
good business; they are directed by na-
tural laws governing survival, reproduc-
tion, and the production of milk.

Dairy Products Short Course
Set for October 24-26
A change has been made in the dates
set for the 1957 Annual Dairy Plant
Short Course. Originally scheduled for
October 14-16, it will be held October
24-26. according to an announcement by
the University Department of Dairy
This important Annual 3-day Confer-
ence and Short Course is sponsored joint-
ly by the University and the Florida Dairy
Association. It provides technical instruc-
tion, conferences and clinics in the pro-
cessing and preparation for market of
milk and milk products.
The conference is intended particularly
for dairy plant managers, plant superin-
tendents, assistant executives, plant em-
ployees and includes dairy equipment
and supply dealers. The owners, man-
agers and plant employees of producer-
distributor independent dairy operations
are particularly invited to attend as well
as to send as many of their plant em-
ployees as possible.
Rooms and Football Tickets
The Short Course ends on Saturday,
the date for the Florida-Louisiana State
football game in Gainesville, and the
University dairy staff have reserved tick-
ets for those in attendance who would
like to see this game. Because of the
football game, hotel and motel rooms
will be in short supply.
All who plan to attend are requested
to make reservations for both your room
and football tickets if you want them.
Send your room reservation to your fa-
vorite Gainesville hotel or motel and
mail your request for football tickets to
Dr. Leon Mull, Department of Dairy
Science, University of Florida, Gaines-

Milk producers of Duval County held
a Dairy Field Day on May 9 at the 4-H
Club Park in Jacksonville. The program
consisted of a series of lectures by experts
of the extension service and the Univer-
sity of Florida, ending with a discussion
Dr. R. B. Becker, dairy science depart-
ment of the U. of F., discussed rumen
digestion; C. W. Reaves, extension dairy-
man, spoke on costs and returns from
dairy farm pastures; T. W. Sparks, assist-
ant extension dairyman, explained storing
and feeding silage; management of pas-
tures and forage crops was the subject of
J. R. Henderson, extension agronomist;
W. E. Delaney, supervisor of Duval
DHIA, told about the use of records in
herd management.
The program continued from 9 a.m. to
3:30 p.m. with lunch donated by the
Northeast Florida Milk Producers Asso-
ciation. About 60 dairymen attended.
QU AR ER., 1957 3

Trends In Livest ck Disease Research
Department of Veterinary Science
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Livestock and poultry and their products account for an ever increasing percent
of income from all farm commodities. As the number of farm animals increase so
also does diseases assume an increasing importance. Disease and parasites take an
estimated annual toll of 2.7 billion dollars in the United States.
Owners of livestock and poultry enterprises, together with their local veterinarians,
have direct responsibilities in protecting the health and in minimizing the losses from
disease of the food producing animals and poultry on the farms and ranches of the
country. To protect his investment the owner must keep his animals healthy. The
veterinarian must be in the forefront in the relentless fight against those diseases that
reduce profit and undermine the economy. The veterinarians must recognize, diagnose
and treat the disease and recommend control measures.

In this connection the owners and the
veterinarians can accomplish their duties
and responsibilities only so well as the
colleges and universities and other state
research and diagnostic agencies meet
their responsibilities. In the case of dev-
astating local or widespread disease,
owners have a right of expecting aid
from the state and federal governments.
Responsibilities of the government agen-
cies is to develop information through re-
search and experimentation and in supply-
ing the knowledge that is necessary and
essential in parasite and disease control.
In the case of livestock and poultry
disease research there is need to constantly
expand activities and intensify efforts. For
example, there is pressing need for more
basic knowledge on the nature and char-
acteristics of many disease-producing
agents with special reference to the vi-
ruses and other diseases caused by rick-
ettsia and pleuropneumonia-like micro-
organisms. There is need for more basic
information on the problem of animal
physiology-the relation of physiology to
animal gain to the economics of produc-
tion and disease resistance.
Many people working constantly with
livestock and poultry tend to assume that
the disease problems such as the complex
conditions known as shipping fever,
forms of mastitis, internal and external
parasites, and many of the virus respira-
tory conditions, must be taken for granted.
While a great deal of information is al-
ready at hand there is increasing need for
additional information on the control of
parasites through management of live-
stock, such as rotating of animals on pas-
ture, or shifting types of livestock on
pastures. Most of the work done on
parasites to date has been on the life cy-
cles of parasites and on drug treatment.
To get the necessary basic information
for a successful campaign in controlling
disease and parasites, a coordinated re-
search and experimental approach must
be made through the application of spe-
cialized knowledge of chemistry, bacterio-
logy, serology and mathematics, as well as
use of latest research techniques that have

been developed in veterinary medicine.
Such an attack requires hard work, spe-
cialized scientific equipment which is
expensive and highly trained scientists
who are too few in number. This short-
age of veterinarians especially trained in
research is a gap that will require the
combined efforts of all interested groups
in meeting the problem.
The need for additional trained spe-
cialists in livestock and poultry disease re-
search becomes more compelling as the
demands of new and urgent research
problems arise and the application of
modern research instruments, techniques,
methods and procedures increase in com-
plexity. As stated above, highly trained
veterinary research personnel are all too
few in numbers, while colleges, universi-
ties, industry and state and federal gov-
ernments are competing for their services.
As stated by high authorities, the prob-
lem in veterinary research is to provide
greater incentive to attract young men in-
to the field. Give those who do go in-
to research adequate facilities to accom-
plish the work undertaken, the oppor-
tunity to be productive and opportunities
for recognition with their fellow scientists
in other fields.
Another incentive would be establish-
ment of fellowships substantial enough to
attract veterinary students into graduate
work. Veterinarians, after spending six
years in expensive college work preparing
themselves for rendering professional
services, are reluctant in taking additional
graduate work for a research career since
young practicing veterinarians frequently
earn more than full professors. For these
reasons there are few graduate veteri-
narians entering the field of research;
while a large percentage of the few who
do, enter the more lucrative field of com-
merical research.
Financial aid for those veterinarians
who choose to enter graduate schools but
who are unable to meet the additional ex-
pense would be helpful in overcoming
he shortage. Merit recognition in the
form of salary adjustments and promo.

tions commensurate to accomplishments
and abilities would be helpful in provid-
ing the veterinary scientists necessary for
national defense and overall progress in
this scientific field.
It is widely recognized that veterinary
research ranks among the most expensive
and difficult. Progress in veterinary med-
ical research has taken us beyond the day
when field trials of a substance intended
to prevent or treat a disease could be
made with a few animals, satisfactory
conclusions drawn, and decisions made on
The problems therefore are to provide
the facilities, equipment and highly
trained personnel needed if the research
profession is adequately able to meet its
responsibilities in keeping abreast of mod-
ern trends in maintaining healthy live-
stock and poultry industries.
From the above it may be seen that in-
creased animal disease and parasite re-
search personnel, facilities and operating
funds must be provided if we are to
meet the problems inherent in our in-
creased animal production program. Prob-
ably the greatest area for reducing cost of
production is in the control of animal
disease which can be done successfully
when based upon sound research find-

During a tense moment in debate over
affairs of state in the recent session of
the Florida House of Representatives,
one of the members addressed the Speak-
er and asked to speak on "the welfare of
the House". Upon being recognized, the
gentleman advised the members that he
felt it his duty to call to their attention
a communication he had received which
reflected on the House membership.
The reading clerk was asked to read
the communication, which was as follows:
"I am a sailor in the U. S. Navy and
have a cousin who is a member of the
Flordia Legislature which has just passed
the teacher raise.
"My father is a drunken sot and my
mother is a dope addict. They are total-
ly dependent on my two sisters who sell
bolita because my brother is serving a
life sentence for murder.
"I am in love with a girl who knows
nothing about my background. We in-

tend to gst mm)l)-sd m' f Sob) jT Jf pJi.
ties her bigamy case and when I get
out of the Navy we intend to move to
Tampa and open a small gambling house.
"Now, my problem is this... In
view of the fact that I intend to make
this girl my wife and bring her into my
family, should I or should I not tell her
about my cousin who is a member of the
Florida Legislature?"

Jacksonville Meeting, March 12-13
Voted against a proposal of the Chair-
man for suspension of wholesale and re-
tail price enforcement after a lengthy
hearing of spokesmen for the Florida
Dairy Association and others who pre-
sented evidence and spoke against such
Adopted an order regulating milk haul-
ing charges to producers.
Ruled that school milk under written
contract price between producer and dis-
tributor shall be treated as Class I except
for the price.

Tallahassee Meeting, April 9-10
Heard a discussion on a request by
C. S. Coble, Tallahassee producer-distrib-
utor, for "milk sampling" to be permitted.
(No action was taken.)
Heard a petition and spokesman of the
Florida Dairy Association for the Com-
mission to issue an order making school
and charitable institution milk Class I to
producers. (No action taken.)
Reconsidered and voted again on the
question rejected at the March meeting
for suspension of wholesale and retail
price control with the same vote as be-
fore 4 to 3 against it.
Adopted a recommendation to the leg-
islature for amendment of the Milk Com-
mission Act to permit the Commission
to suspend wholesale and retail prices
after public hearing for as long as the
Commission considered same in the pub-
lic interest.

Orlando Meeting, May 21-22
Received and discussed (without ac-
tion) a request from the Florida Dairy
Association that the producer price of
"school and charitable institution milk"
be placed under Commission supervision.
Heard requests of the Central Florida
Milk Producers Association for (a)
changes in the base-setting plan for the
area, (b) an increase in the producer
price from 61c to 62c per gallon Class I
and an increase in the butterfat differen-
tial allowance to the producer.
Heard and denied a request by a repre-
sentative of Rollins College that univer-
sities be allowed a reduced price for milk

Jacksonville Meeting, May 31
Authorized the Commission Attorney
to confer with the Attorney General con-
cerning the Commission's authority to
supervise the producer price of milk sold
to schools and charitable institutions.
Decided to move the Commission's
main office from Jacksonville to Talla-
hassee and authorized leasing of office
space in Tallahassee effective July 1.

Jacksonville Meeting, June 11-12
Adopted an order requiring distrib-
utors and producer-distributors to make
and keep for three years, records of milk
received, processed and distributed.
Heard an appeal from John Sargeant,
T. G. Lee and W. J. Barritt for the Flor-
ida Dairy Association that the Commission
supervise the producer price of school
and institutional milk.
Heard spokesmen for the Florida Dairy
Association in an appeal to the Commis-
sion not to vote suspension of wholesale
and retail controls as proposed by the
Commission Chairman. F.D.A. represen-
tatives said their legal advisers feel such
action would not be legal and urged the
Commission to proceed with full enforce-
ment of the law. The group renewed
previous offers of producer and distrib-
utor committees to cooperate with the
Commission on compliance with the law.
Issued an order amending the present
90-day provision for notice of separation
between a producer and a distributor to
prohibit such notice without "just cause".
Discussed the possible setting of Class
II and III prices but without action.
Adopted July 1 as effective date for
Jacksonville area to change from flat
price to producer to payment on a butter-
fat content basis the same as other areas.
Authorized the administrator and other
members of the Commision to attend the
Annual Conference of Milk Control
Agencies to be held in San Francisco in
Decided not to hold a regular meeting
in July.

Around State Legislature time every
two years, the arm-chair generals of cer-
tain Florida Newspapers and a few poli-
ticians declare open season on the Florida
Milk Commission. In dairy terms we
might call it a "field day."
We think it is time the Milk Commis-
sion be recognized and commended for
the good it has done during the past
twenty years for Florida milk consumers,
for the dairy industry of the State of
Florida and for the economic develop-
ment of the state generally.
What has the Milk Commission done
for the consumer? It has stablized the
price of milk and constantly kept it at
a minimum consistent with the economic
conditions of the Florida Dairy farmers.
If the price of milk in Florida had
increased as much as it has for the coun-
try as a whole, Florida consumers would
today be paying around 33t a quart for
their milk supply.

WHEREAS, E. T. Lay has served con-
tinuously, unselfishly, efficiently, and
with great resulting benefit to the State as
the first chairman of the State Advisory
Council to the Industrial Commission
since the establishment of such Council
in 1949, and
WHEREAS, Prior to such service with
the Council, Mr. Lay has previously ren-
dered effective and unselfish public serv-
ice as the original employer Member on
the Florida Industrial Commission, and
WHEREAS, Mr. Lay has maintained a
keen interest, sympathetic understanding
and helpful cooperation toward the duties
and responsibilities of the Industrial
Commission since it was first created by
the Legislature, and
WHEREAS, Because of the pressure
of personal business requirements he has
found it necessary to discontinue his ac-
tive membership on the State Advisory
Council, and
WHEREAS, His resignation from
such Council has been reluctantly accept-
ed by this Commission, and
WHEREAS, It is deemed fitting and
proper to acknowledge his long years of
unselfish service to the people of this
SOLVED that the members of the In-
dustrial Commission do recognize and
commend such service on the part of Mr.
a copy of this resolution be forwarded
to Mr. Lay and to all members of the
State Advisory Council.
Florida Industrial Commission
James T. Vocelle, Chairman
Walter L. Lightsey, Member
M. F. Pafford, Member

"Dairy News" Is Praised by
Public Relations Executive
The Florida Dairy News staff, as well
as the publication's sponsors, the Florida
Dairy Association and affiliated dairy
groups, were encouraged and flattered
recently upon receipt of the following
kind appraisal of their official publication
which began its 7th year with 1957.
Mr. Rex Paxton, Public Relations Di-
rector of Sutherland Paper Co., Kalama-
zoo, Michigan, wrote Editor E. T. Lay
as follows:
"I have just received and read with
great interest the Florida Dairy News, 4th
Quarter 1956 issue. This is, without a
doubt, one of the outstanding publica-
tions in the dairy field.
"Each issue contains some very vital,
stimulating and constructive facts about
the Florida Dairy Industry."



Members of the Dairy Industry throughout the State are invited to please
send to the "Florida Dairy News" all news about dairies, dairying and the
good people who devote their time, talents and money to this great industry.
-The Editor.

A new building for the Cocoa branch
of Borden's Dairy is under construction
and may be ready for occupancy early in
July. The site of the new plant is in
Clear Lake Road opposite the water
treatment plant of the City of Cocoa.
James Barnett, branch manager, states
that the new building will provide ade-
quate facilities for the central serving
station for north, south and Central Bre-
vard County. The building includes a
refrigerated room for ice cream, another
for milk and office space.
A new plant for the McArthur Jersey
Farm Dairy for processing and distribu-
tion in the Palm Beach County area is
planned to be located on S. Military
Trail in the area of the West Palm Beach
Canal. Originally it will handle only
distribution and offices, with processing
to be added later. Construction is to be-
gin as soon as zoning is arranged.
Foremost Dairies has announced plans
for the construction of a big new plant
north of St. Petersburg near the inter-
section of U.S. 19 and 34th Street.

Florida Dairy Cattle Clubs
Organize Purebred Association
Representatives of the four breed cattle
clubs of Florida-the Jersey, Guernsey,
Ayrshire and Holstein-met during May
and joined forces for raising dairy cow
standards by organizing the Florida
Purebred Association.
Promotion of good breeding and
health will be the new group's primary
aims. It also plans production testing
and youth dairy programs.
Herman Boyd of Miami was elected
president with L. H. Sellers, St. Peters-
burg, vice-president, and T. W. Sparks,
Gainesville, secretary-treasurer.

"When nothing else seems to help, I
go and look at a stonecutter hammering
away at his rock, perhaps a hundred times
without a crack showing in it. Yet at the
hundred and first blow the rock will split
in two, and I will know that it was not
only that blow which split it, but all that
had gone before."-Jacob A. Riis.


Huo)' PIunall, Piesident of the Monroe-DadeBroward Counties Dairy Council pours
some milk (naturally!) for Miss Shari Lewis, the 1957 American Dairy Princess. The occasion
was a luncheon in the Princess' honor given by the Dairy Council in El Centro de las
Americas, located in Miami's McAllister Hotel. Miss Lewis was named Princess at the
International Dairy Show in Chicago, October 7th, and visited Miami as part of a year-long
extended tour of the United States.

New officers of the Dairy Council of
Dade, Broward and Monroe Counties were
elected at the Fifth Annual Meeting held at
the Plantation, University of Florida Experi-
ment Station, Peters Road, Ft. Lauderdale.
They are ]. C. Pereno, Jr., President (cen-
ter); J. Wm. Bridges, Vice President (left);
Carl E. Newcomer, Treasurer (right); Curry
]. Bassett, Secretary, was not in the picture.

Officers Re-Elected By
South Florida Dairymen
The Independent Dairy Farmers Asso-
ciation, Inc., which represents 90 of the
96 producers in southeastern Florida, re-
elected its officers for their second term
following the first year of its operation.
They are: William A. Graham, Miami,
president; Thomas C. Perry, Hollywood,
vice-president; L. H. Breckenridge, Holly-
wood, secretary; and J. C. Pereno, Jr.,
Miami, treasurer. These officers are
among the 14 directors of the IDFA pre-
presenting dairymen in Broward, Palm
Beach, Dade, Monroe, Glades and Hendry

Hood's Dairy Expands Plant
Hood's Dairy of St. Petersburg in
March moved its office force into a new
and modern building adjacent to its
main plant on 22nd Street North, re-
leasing almost 2,000 square feet of floor
space for additional production facilities.
The new building, of masonry construc-
tion, with suspended steel work, elimi-
nates posts in the entire building. It has
6,300 square feet of floor space for the
executive and general office employees
as well as a large area for routemen.
Hood's established more than 50 years
ago, is Pinellas County's oldest dairy and
one of the oldest in the state, It has a
fleet of almost 100 trucks and is sup-
plied by about 20 milk producers. Its
annual payroll is well over half a million

"Adults need to learn to eat like adults
instead of like children", according to a
scientist addressing a recent meeting of
the National Dairy Council,

New Taxes of $120,000,000.00
Will Affect Some Dairy Costs
The dairy business, as well as indi-
viduals of the industry, will pay more
State taxes beginning July 1 as a result
of the $120 million dollar new tax bill
passed by the 1957 legislature.
Here are the new and increased taxes:
Under the state 3% sales tax, the
following items heretofore exempt will
be included under this tax: "Clothing un-
der $10.00 (making all clothing taxable) ;
mixed alcoholic drinks, beer consumed
on premises; oil and grease; cigarettes
and the maximum tax on industrial ma-
chinery will be increased from $300.00
to $1,000.000, Automobiles will be taxed
at one percent whereas the remainder of
the sales tax law will be based on three
percent. The first bracket will be reduced
from eleven cents to ten cents. In other
words, one cent will be collected on each
ten cent sale."
"Aside from the sales tax revisions,
the tax on intangible personal property,
class A (cash in bank) will be increased
from one twentieth to one tenth of a
mill; class B (stocks and bonds) will go
from one to two mills, and documentary
stamps (on real estate transactions only)
will go from ten cents to twenty cents.
"All of the foregoing is expected to
produce $120,000,000 in new revenue,
$36,000,000 of which is to go back to
the counties for school purposes."
Dairy Products, Feeds, Seeds,
And Fertilizer Are Still Exempt
Except for "fountain sales" of such
dairy products as milk and milk drinks,
and ice cream in various forms, milk and
milk products were continued to be ex-
empt from the sales tax along with gen-
eral groceries.
Also continuing in the exempt items
are feeds, seeds and fertilizer.

Log Cabin and Aunt Jemima
Promoting June Dairy Month
Log Cabin Syrup and Aunt Jemima
pancake miy have come up with summer
sales boosters-unusual homemade ice
cream desserts-in their promotion of
Dairy Month.
One is known as "Strawberry Pan-
cake Surprise". This is composed of
small pancakes topped with vanilla ice
cream and garnished with strawberries.
The other, which is known as "Waffles
a la Mode", consists of vanilla ice cream
on waffles covered with maple syrup.
The latter dessert has been featured in
national advertising in newspapers, tele-
vision and 2-page, four-color magazine

Mr. Charles N. Capri, Assistant I;one Man-
ager of Southern Dairies, Inc., shown with
Mayor Hayden Burns as he signs the June
Dairy Month Proclamation for Jacksonville.

E. T. Lay Receives Comment
Of Wall Street Journal
During the April-May session of the
Florida Legislature the Wall Street Jour-
nal sent a special reporter to Tallahassee
to do a story on lobbying and lobbyists
at the legislature.
E. T. (Andy) Lay, legislative repre-
sentative for the Florida Dairy Associa-
tion, who was doing his 15th session at
the Florida legislature, was the subject of
the following comment in the story which
appeared in the June 5th issue of the
"E. T. Lay, who represents the pow-
erful Florida Dairy Association, is known
as a facts-and-figures man. On crucial
days, Mr. Lay summons large delegations
of dairymen to Tallahassee for a show of
force. He and his group have been suc-
cessful in maintaining rigid milk price
controls in Florida, despite Gov. LeRoy
Collins' opposition."
A friend of Lay's, member of a law
firm in Wichita, Kansas who has served
a number of sessions in the Kansas leg-
islature, read the Wall Street Journal
story and wrote to Andy this comment:
"I am glad to note you still have no
fear of persons when you believe you are
right even though it be the Governor of
Florida, whom you battle. Congratula-
tions on being a successful lobbyist, as
well as a successful dairy secretary.
"The article, which you no doubt have
read, reminds me of memorable days I
spent in the Kansas Legislature. In my
many years as a member of the legisla-
ture, my experience with lobbyists was for
the most part excellent."

The constant stream of stories telling
of how school children of all ages as
well as university students and adult
organizations are steadily visiting dairy
farms and plants all over Florida illus-

trates that many dairymen are aware that
the education and understanding of the
consumer may be their best key to good
public relations. Only a few of these
tours are mentioned below.
An estimated total of 6,280 school
children visit Dressel's Dairy Farm every
year in the northwest part of Dade Coun-
ty, Miami. Here they see the entire
operation of a farm and dairy plant, from
the animals which appeal most to some
to the cooling, processing, bottling of the
plant operation where the emphasis on
cleanliness and the modern scientific
machinery which fascinate others. On
Saturday and Sundays, the boys and girls
are given free rides on ponies at the farm.
Twenty students of the school of dairy
manufacturing of the University of Flor-
ida recently toured three dairy farms and
the largest milk-distributing plant in
Pinellas County. Professor L. E. Mull
conducted the visits with the cooperation
of County Agent John Henry Logan and
John Culbreath, president of the Pinellas
County Dairy Association.
Nineteen Home Demonstration Club
members visited the new barn at the
Boutwell-Matheson, Inc. dairy as a part
of the June Dairy Month activities in the
Stuart area.
Too numerous to mention are the
countless visits made by individual school
classes to both farms and plants. The very
fact that conditions are such that pleasant
tours are possible speaks well for the
dairies fostering the visits.
(Continued from Page 11)
my opinion, was the cause of the failure
of a school milk bill to pass.
The best friends of F.D.A. among
House of Representatives members ad-
vised against bringing the school milk
bill or any Milk Commission bill on the
floor of the House where it would be
subject to any and all amendments.
There also arose a serious doubt in the
judgment of some of F.D.A.'s closest
advisers that, even if such a bill should
weather a controversy in the House and
pass, it would not be signed by the Gov-
There is much more to this story than
can be told here. Those who know all
the facts are confident that the F.D.A.'s
legislative decisions and actions were
correct and in the best interest of pro-
ducers as well as the entire industry.
The Producers' Division of F.D.A. is
keeping its pledge to work for school
and charitable institution milk at Class
I. We believe it will be done by the Milk
Commission before the next school year.
However, we have the promise and vote
of F.D.A. distributor directors that if
other efforts fail, every effort will be
made to put over this objective on a vol-
untary basis.


Citrus Pulp, Citrus Meal, Citrus Molasses
Jin Coates, Sales Mgr., By-Products Division

Auburndale, Fla.

Woodlawn 7-1104

Walter S. Crawbuck, Dist. Mgr.
4650 Arapahoe Ave. Jacksonville, Fla.

SINC. Da rich

Chocolate Products Fruits and Flavors
P. O. Box 86, Tampa Ph. 24-3982

Ph. 4-2720 TAMPA.FLA.
AfAR/GEA4ATED TReiCr OD/lJF //OR ThE pA4/y /#//DJ'if

Phone: EV 7-738:1
2965 St. Jolns Ave. Jacksonville, Fla.

New Orleans
Ice Cream Coating. Fruits and Flavors
Irn Stone 1026 E. Walnut St.
P'h. Mutual 5-3284

lee Cream (Linerless) Cartons.
Butter Cartons
J. H. McVoy
50 E. Magnolia St. Pensacola, Fla.

Phone: ELgin l:-5721
Union Terminal Warehouse
Jacksonville, Fla.

Land O' Lakes Non-fat Milk Solids
Blreley's Dairy Orange Base
Bireley's Dairy Grape Base
Route 9, Box 356 Jacksonville, Fla.

Chocolate for Ire Cream and Milk
830 E. River Dr. Tampa 4, Fla.
Temple Terrace

Dariloid Dricoid and Sherbelizer
2577 Decatur Rd.. Decatur, Ga.
Phone ME 4-8781

Pure-Pak Paper Milk Bottles
It. J. Evans M. A. Knowles
]bonte IVlgin i-l:::l
4700 Pearl St. Jacksonville, Fla.

Division of American Motors Corpoi'itioii

Ilowell Hullse Suite 202 Atlanta 8, (Ga.

Douglas J. Headford
(I6 Jessamine Ilvl.. lDaytona Beach, lhn.
Phone Clinton 2-0148

Van-Sal Vanilla Products
D. C. Mulligan, Florida Representative
2840 West 47th Place Chicago 32, Ill.

Ice Cream Stabilizers & Emulsifiers
l'ectin Stabilizers for Ices, Slerbets & Fruits

J. C. Head

Phone Norfolk, Va., LOwell 3-3939
RFD No. 1, Box 48, Bayside, Va.

lIe Cream. Popsicle, and
miscellaneous F'olding Boxes
.Ileksonmille, Fla., P'lhone: ELgin 3-9779
3lianmi. Fla.. Plione: MUrray 8-8431

Duraglas Milk Bottles
C. W. Parmalee W. H. Adams
R. G. Shackelford
1601 Prudential Bldg. Jacksonville 7. Fla
Phone-FL 9-0545 & 6

Rennet for Cottage Cheese
Cottage Cheese Coagulator-Ice Cream Color
Lactivase for prevention of off flavors in
bottled milk.
Cottage Cheese literature available
4253 North Port Washington Ave.
Milwaukee 12 Wisconsin

IR: Poo\der ClenPners Arids
lBottle Wa.sliing Alknlies
3115 Ietlhawnny Ave.. Orlando, Fla.

Riverside Masterbilt Uniforms
.amies M Stewart Dave Freeman

Tamper Proof Seals Flexible Vacuum
Packages Liner Materials
1121 duPont Bldg. Miami, Fla.

Glass Milk Containers
W. T. LOVE. Florida Representative

3221 Pinehurst PI. Charlotte 7, N.C.
Phone FR 5-5645

Division of National Cooperatives
World's Most Complete Line of Milking
5240 N. W. 7th Avenue Miami, Florida







Special Card Ad Directory



7576 Ibs. milk-333 Ibs. fat-Jr.
12869 Ibs. milk-565 Ibs. fat--Jr.
15604 Ibs. milk-760 Ibs. fat-Jr.

4-365 -3x

The last two records are State Champion records and the last one, just completed, replaces a
record that has been held for 36 years by Jose de Lorraine. "Lorraine" was bred in Pennsylvania and
owned and tested by Southern States Land and Timber Co., West Palm Beach; her record was super-
vised by Prof. Willoughby. "Sylph's" record was supervised by the Extension Service under C. W.
"Sylph" is a daughter of Foremost May Royalty who has over 100 tested daughters and one
national class leader record daughter, Dinsmore Mayroyal Pina with a record of 18527-790-5 yrs.
365C-2x made in Rhode Island. Foremost May Royalty is believed to have more high classifying
daughters for type than any other Guernsey bull in the world. Two of his sons were Grand Cham-
pion and Junior Champion at the Florida State Fair in 1957.
"Sylph's" dam was Dinsmore Princess Sybil who was also born and raised at Dinsmore Farms
where she made a good account of herself though not of an extreme dairy temperament as is her

Private and Auction Sale

Inquiries Invited

We are consigning to the Florida and Georgia State Auction Sales.
Also other good Guernseys are usually available at private treaty.
Write us for further information

Dinsmore Guernseys

10 miles north of Jacksonville
Near U. S. 1


Dinsmore, Florida

Dinsmore Farms

;I The


Milk Claw

is dying
i With us the milk claw died away back in
1923. Without a milk claw Surge rapidly milk-
ed its way to the top.
That's why you don't find milk claws on the latest
models of bucket milkers anymore.
If the milk claw has been rejected on the most
modern of bucket milkers that may cost $400, how
can it possibly be a good investment on a pipe line
milker that may cost you $2,000?
Just because a milk claw is on a high-priced pipe line
doesn't mean that it will milk cows any better than it did
on a bucket ... and on a bucket it could not keep its job.
W1'hen you install a Surge Pipe Line Milker you know
that you are getting Genuine Surge TUG & PULL cow
milking that is driving the old-fashioned claw off the
buckets. You have a modern milking machine.

EVERYTHING 2843 W. 19th Street Chicago 23, III.

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