Citation
Social organization and the outmigration of rural Diola women

Material Information

Title:
Social organization and the outmigration of rural Diola women
Series Title:
Conference on Gender Issues in Farming Systems Research and Extenion, University of Florida, February 26 to March 1, 1986
Creator:
Reboussin, Daniel
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publisher:
University of Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Africa ( LCSH )
Spatial Coverage:
Africa -- Senegal

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
African Studies Collections in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services (UFDC@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.

Full Text









WIA ga* i


Conference on
GENDER ISSUES IN FARMING SYSTEMS
RESEARCH AND EXTENSION










Social Organization and the
Outmigration of Rural Diola Women













444 4 4 . . . 44o4 �a 14 7. . . .



. , 4 4 . . . . 1
o yg . � . .1






. ~~ � . . . . . . . . .















-U, ft0A0. U0( ft-0 I000 ft-00 of










-0, 4 INf.oP.ooooo 0 g (00"000.900-l0( t 000000009(19 00100 - -(0-0(0900 A, 1(o(0(-0 00(0 0 (00 ". I -007 AIooo I 0. 1


- 0( 0700000 00.M0 w0t00 00(00u0,0(9. . I 0000 ft 0000-(0 -00000 b, k 0 - fly Y0 ft1 (009 .1- 0000- d(0(0000000010000(00 000070 k d- , 0

009 hoooo 000(001 Oooooono 0000( Ifo 00(0000 p00000(

(0(000((0000000o(0000,900000000000(1o1; y (0 09M


















p~pp~pdppq.ppI. A pPM




PP.U P.-PPPP'P"h~P n w~PP

IP ~M Pp .d. , .1 Id p~PPi -1 ft.- iPPP

-dft 11,~IPPIPP P~lP. PPPP


lM -1~PSPPP -p.1- ppp p


-p6PIPPPD P~ w P JP'.,P~ PPP p-- pipp-Pd~ PdPApp'pp. ppAP~ W.PPI. p









d, 11,p .ip 'P-t p.-G .p d. . A PPP P --PPP h-P

--.1 pp 11p1p . 1-p 1 PP: PPP -pP 1PP. -PPP)P4- P1













410 NO.en-~ nttd U d-vllp Md 7 Mou nnflY, Wt.' tht - v NOe OOnn h-r MOOn -Md-d, - -~ t .pl.O t, p-uWO, M d .Onr tnp- Of tht
ou MW ol ltw fone, R-flay tn. OreceQ the -n-44 o.-g-, a yong . frtm tn, n-e T jnd . c p.n- tt- Of nnt~fin 1, d v tit

--ce . NO -Ols: rnme. - the tr-Il -_n 0, e tOOe -n, 't.









I Ur no ude-tr p-ent Itnn Oyae d .mOrmt I-eWn 111






lnM Oan. Ini 11 R-ttc: t~u hn O Wnlge the ",OM:nnll d thl MO, the batr-nc~n a - a,PO -~* texs 04 th -o -� Ontdo'. I t, M.l Nro SC-smncet. OnHlln 0, th, n- W Otfat~~~l 1-~ M.e hed Onp-Otat tn.pac Epnce.I If tet-O1 nd -- p --e# In -It [ftl. I-~ nex~



















-- tdby th.hkb.h tflIbh.hhY -d h, by bydbtydyy, h .t yyhyyyyyydtyytyt- -.bttyy .ydhylb . - -tyt. t t-hylyyfly "-d .yy. yy-yyty, tb. -wyy, db- htlb.h -hy - yy


.l.l~h~y~ by - - b1gh flyyfthy pybk d.Th thy ,.flh!.Uy lh- by ,g l t. h


yyyyyy h. Th! thhh ,-y -yhhf~h bhy ty, by .1tbh yyy


IN ~lyyb, Thbbth- tyb h d bmy b tyhy1- 1- tyth,



b- -. . yyt ph. bhthhihth-- hyh.th

hhhyf,h ythy- iy -hy bytyrft -ttyy b-l1hy . -u th tty thh



- -gyy tyhy tp-,- thyhyh - -b thyh ty thb yhty- fthbThbt 1hihy 0




yyyyyy IN -y .0byy thy - yyyUyttluutyytyhtt-yfllyy tl l 1 b















-tAhda dtvmtlfn 4 ineb . hu n l, .th rm-Yd thWg - b flt1




-ft - ude tr, o~ ys-, lh. ma d -~l 1-o ead 1po Ptdt I fi d . 4br -. th -ld F bl t.f - t -1n . Thp., omn t. et .,t tntd t.in ttdd fra dl tinae hadtflinddle rues m podfflinmlin fat dtt. Tind paper tlfl .tendmn tn inetmdfddin .1 dtlm I.d apantly antdalous --i f .d t. t- , tflddin aetddtdtttt






lm Af-n, -b tht -ph i tti n- -t tdtd i tht ten of ,pttw, thn 1 in t einmmi nfndy U -- e mde] .hmmin din t d 1t68-n hal n -4a, , ptI-to t h h- dld









Ih.t lt b fit, lid 0o bol t t. -�ad -mh- o d l. -A - ., f- - td tb


3939939 . 339d 9 i.99 tO P.- -9b39 9 .3 1999 39 39





Th-ro it b, biPoi-I thlt ,b d. tit itifth tb 1-tit ib I-- W -omi-fti d th, d-ught, Fi, .pltho .-Ii.~o .d biibl 4� -9.1.o .Pb ii


-o y-o 0o v~ by I-O .ft ( Ub-q tiill; -nl~ 1977 ). - -evr











Wile P V I di. - Wql' - b id-ea .t bd i bit t. -1oo 111 - .3999933939393999tt 339b9r999999999993.93939399,


N.- h -ft 99399 99333 939h th 9 9999 399999

99993399999333993999939it.9l9 -,9939999 .39 .1-t-99 bd


T99,939,9 ~ ~ ~ ti - d9993939399939999 .99399 9 113 999933999993. 9119939933999Witt- ,d999999. i., b- 3999939999939339399, (9999I 9

-39339999999399 d.9,9 .3t939.39-9i,9.33i39.9bilittl9.39993

-b t99939399 p99 -39 i.999 it-9399999393.9339999 t933 m9999b 93999939399993939999 999999 -399999993999939 b9993 399 li 9999333 t.,39 fl399999999 . 9 . 3939 . 99t9.d 93991r~b























* bbit 0- b tht bbybibbbi, -otb �b t n bb - bbbtb y b p b






-YAen 9 d tlte to Inc th.Al 9t e p~ell W he - -o Tn ttt tbu b br�boti o by fi bi t Y b b. TibY b tU b bbbbb









Pbt Ybbb bYI~ bbY -lb lb.bibbbt pbblbyY Yb . lbbb. tb.


bbbbM- - t.bi bblb tt b~. - . b .bb-tbbtt-it.












Th~,t W eMhd I thre Itl t , - beld -1ne Mb I'~ea b t hlat lb. -,,. hd, -7Ih99 19. -1,1 th '71h -9( - 7t




the -o b., It. r- I n - u -:pQl R u I t- la 1. lb. th . h�r 9





.It., oha, and tl. thr t'l th 1 1 e. Th, E -rpa IMre P.Ade do h, d Ioth - - -, o bbI V-t h~ ofd gno -d per-td 1.h Ott, th




irn hd t-a , thy - ab lb - remad ee bbn lecd N.m 0org. -h~nfbo


U.i Jt .1l Wb -~lfn1 "p .,beon Ulo Ie 1917 ?, .Ihclb 4 oe I ut, Nut . .d ,90 th, -b t "n h.tI e he 9E9 eny

-netutnh 1. rh-*ht t 1. -dubl ba d .1~ -d -,r t le -lhe t 311 ), Tte . y h d 1~ Imposed by ft thief of 9-4 W-e k~b the M.
5fhbb .7'79999 -19d997979.9999999,799999999
-99149997-,-9 -h, 7975. tl9.--97999959d.79997








334,ab43b . d 33331 333334.33) -33331 3 31'34 33 3)














)3.3y3. d14 33333.-43h, I3)3313 3.313333 133)3-, 33)3333




d-3 , 33t '.33)33 bd 3333 1 M:3313 . 1 3. h d- 343b. 33l 1.3 3133b33 31)33) d'-3 333 -4 313343333.3313 4d- 33 lb . 3 I.31.333333133 3,333-33d,)3a3-.13, -11 .-: .3l143333)13 1)3.3)3333.31-b- d3ba d3-33W3bad3 - 33331333333.333)a. 33 33)3 33 -3)3313. 1) 'a - )131 3333.3,3133 f 3 'bb 33 b- 43))












Th4145 .405504 . It14545 45hbth- .t b .I~ 5410541411545519 5451454449441 1551, I,~ I- ft ht545551519 I. 4 If5545 .5))4 .1 1 01)4

-bI 1 1 -h145 t)5 h4.5455 I55 .4555454

5595554454 .4 - --)55 4*54 511 I 11 -.1 545545)







54 h. -It45bb I T. . -5- .0.

.1554, Ip515b .5th9tht,1d5MI. t 55 1114454 1445445554515454b1tb4h4.0 Th,-lb b- . bib1 554545 ft, p-05 N.- I95 Th, 544515 t54 54555 It5 Th5 1-t 94 l III 4445 I5 soslss11.9.MU5559 ft44

- Y.155,555451544155595)555455545I 4 151 ,,545, 9)49 145b 454545h Th455 4 44555 4459 5 9 11,154

Th,49 Th. 54 1 1 - 419545 5555b 4945 55955) .5954 t55 554 19-h549551514411441 by 155 45)59)5451 415 4T5.5554554190154541









ON0,6 - b,75155 shtbbt b5115 Ssfyss.75ssd,




ft, t IN It-50505055157


* P-oblqsd 58555 17 th. d~ 6-7 558 7515 tbt 1.552 "

.05551557820 T-. 70t7, It 507075.888.850-7-5-50555 5558m5 W 5575 by855515555575 07 .d f-s7 l 552755t, 52585





t-55 -0 1.7 th-5808755s - 5705 ft M. MtPl T-887, tbo




M58 55 7080880 bt- 5577 57558087555158 V 8.s .o W 11


sl~~o.1s75,.750-l 77587755 -t555.87 75slO.55s508

s0885Sy0558O5757058 ~s8.osss~s1571587710s~p~s5585lIt 0

05555577588 -787 , -588558s b, 88058* 50788507




Mt5 Msl thld 10757775575i 5 bsss .528.80785-7-- , W5 508 7-87 25,778

* ' 05 - h877 . 1h8805 mt 877 bw85550. . 57 -55585775 11-55 A.50.


581 It.s - - ,0 07 , Mb-5 -7 055(7 lOISt 297) -1807 577 lb














I2~'5'M'5W d 1.1h - th h. 0 th





M. p-U t399 '5.993. 39l- h9923,9 -999993999339 U-4

M94 M3933939 A-233 -111 999-9-9939999(9 T3I'399 - 3394 3,9 t 33332 M.93999393 23939 999 96)19




939999399.3939999333939999933929993 39993


39393393933*99239999333 h.,399399.99---t33





Iqt.3. 8- 936 1 39.- 9 -99 999h bll- 969995329.3 00-99333 333.3999 -wm 399 99993999993993 9 ). 99,9-t3992393

h6939939.939d93.12M39393923 1.39969933393292.99




















tb 919919*9*9 . 999911-tt999.1111. . -1. . 1. 9919991999 99 b)9911919 bl l 999199.99b- 99999919919919999.





- -19199 .,919 0 -999-,9199999991999919 9999 .d99999999 1111 9 911 99I991y9t-9t9999 b 9 19 1. d91 9999999919 Wb 99999119999999999 -11919 .999 l tb . 1 1- 1 -9 9 91;9-99b99I9 b:9t9-1t9I9 9919


















- .1T MP - . -b- ,-t' tITTTTTT. - d TTT TITTTSTTTT TITTTTA




y- t.TpTI.TS TTP.T.T TTI) TTATITlll ~dTITTI TTIITITT WAITE TTT.TITTTTT9TTTTTITW TITTITTITT TI-tT

ETT ITITTTh.TI .-TIWTWTWTAWT

TTWTTITT~~ ~~~ EATT TTT IT tTTIITITTTITWTII


*TTATTTTT'TITb~g. bT TAEITTTITITTTIITTTE I

TEITEITIT, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~th d.TTT .TTTTTITT .TTI .TTTT TTI IA



ITIITT IT ITTTMT1TT TT T TTATATITTTT TTTITTT4I















1. - �on the 11-3 T.u h- , . 11, 33 I9 3 o Th. -93 110 d ght � .t h 70h 9 1.0 1.- 9 o307 77099� 3 ' � 7 h

rnt - - h-hu' drtl, - U -u . -= te - ) h,

- h hhnn .1hmIQm th -a th.r . -ou -'~co ( -ouo h 07.55-0090793597097973970.70007077 7007 --), 7o9. hh







Ahtll ( ZhW l C9 te I~ N co~Il Fro t � pe.ph h, h-,n cb. 793 n 1T o1 . -- 933o3-,7 h 0937099370 h 9 7 9 7975 . 15 lh519- 90, N. 70 00093d077.793-h760.1 th. e.9






I397ss-077M9309707977I97.77- , P-1705, 1-1- -073505.909






Th3795 0" -1. 0700357, 939p-tthI 799 .97 h 939 0 93 . . -v995 t30 -70


















bitt bb -fbb(.qbify tit -byblblbbllbbl. - llb1bbl-lbbb bb l -f~bb 196Sb), it It fbgpb- lb -dbbb llbllll Ioblit bh. ti


byklbb$Ibbgblbbtbbpp-01


Wbbllfllbbb tibbpllolbbbbbbgtbbbilbl


Ib- 6 bdbbb l tit ibib Cbb.b . 1b lbb Ibb. P t-~bb I #phbt b 1,b11.bpb. - yIM ppbl.-bo -.bb' t-I, tbb.Ibl




N. ,"bb -b~bb. Cbb. gbtlbpb.,tb.g - blbbo

.'bb tbb . bbbb .-lllbobfib ._' bbob Itgbt b


id~l qb~bblb bbbbb tb.b ibblb ib 1--~b .1t oi.~~,F



glbI ib.Wflbbf l Pdl bb t -b1b t, ti,,blbb bb Blbbb lbbb




















.t h t,000, 2 ft I.%i { 2222) t 000, th d. d 2 )-00.)M 222n200020.2)2)0)2 0.0 tt. 2022)000 2)rt eke.Te









012222) e2 r 2 1t tr 22t,20202U)2 22tt2022n 2e t, y 2 tt2 0 t2.)2h







222-022 ly r,0 00or 1 t ie O dd0 ) d 0)22220)2) finle 2ont 2n
200022) -2)0)0210).02 d-O2ii -o . -2~t












t.9689,68h917�fl9d19 l c 79991 lpl77,9,,68996 99)11 99119Vo



ft9 99999 91) -PI9 I99 999991 .99 9.d9-9 9999) .0o1-1 -, plt . . I ~tr . the c r ~~,v ep rl
III,9. 9 I P99 ,Id,11991- 999 19999911 9 ,Idi).99,999*199-991







I. . .i- . m I, p g.t, hB .I. O,y


m.9919l m i- 1999 999 "I.t.1 9 -q 1 ft199 .9 t . 1 19191* 9 .9 It999999999.9199199999199899)9999*1991 11999.,999 M1 III 199919.9199 9.99)*999



th.999199)99911989 98 999191)

ft-1 99191P9999 1998 id - fl.91191 9919919911 III 9999PI 19I. 1199919 9-999 1971) l id- dl















- -I 1,, 099 Iltt -


Thlf19 If93i It I








PO-91 I C. ( IW 1. 1 - d th~t M.99 IIp.tu,I.t,,- UthtI I It9 I.-Mft p Il t f99 999 It99- IIh99-,l W W - 1 9,9999 9999.9 - 0-W 199I9IO





Mbd919991, - 999 I 919 9,999,1999,1 I.9M. It ,9 h119-M199,1pt- 91, d -4 -h999 91,999199 I. 91-M9ft. .1















00.,00000140 001. 0 Th.)000011 h. 000 001 ,t000.0 d on. fth my4,90.,190,000 00 00 i lay0001.014. - 4100).1 .04 -.3.1 10000

000,0000 -0 h00 I0). 4h 0014 00004 ))0 h4,0 1 4)00.
1.hh. .14000 h0010,0001h,; 0100t t1) 0100004 0090



01000 b pd h Iiitl 4040100.4 Th ht000000) .40 00 1 000 0000000 094101090000 004400)M110.0)040000


040000100 h 0000 k1 l-,91 -01d00it,, 014w- 00,P 000
00-9 090 0 4001.0)0 lay . 0 0000),,. 01101
1h000)0 00,041400001.1000)'hiph-id00000) 000 .0y0 00 t110 lih,0 -00)00 I000 4.01 .40h00 000040 h=00000 4001 )000)04004010 Ooo0401
1 -1 .1y~400 - =0)0,00 .10000044040)0 .,00000109


000,0 0 0900 )0 y t 00100 00 li0'.0 1. -01-. 0,.0 0 . 0 00001hi



'-0P)0)00040)4100))0 it)0000100910001000000004044








- -, lphem the oa y df - 1~ -ll l 1-1-t� �p p~U thai -ely





d 8 t8.m" th, .-n f d e le .atl





p--q.3 flQbb* f~y Th , '.qymfyt 0~7y -111 '-fl.fy by .4 U . %rbn - Ibr. -ono etly, th pttt3 a.,t
-m l ft on -b-lfvene er�lty -Ikly Ue h-y .1-* 1 or -1tt ee



p,$ de e th their -8d t-fy S - ft. they 78 m1 p 7 7l78. l887 ly 872 b 83rd. -88 3- -). ft b-d -ny'" th 7,7 8 "t- b-s7 th78n







by .- - g he dete nd dy p-e- n -H- ehe onth up h th .r~e f 1, - by,7 -.87838-87873 -.8d8778 d-f2 78 3888777 72 7 177 8 1;.7 1988 7 1 M8- 1878 838787 ).7 A8888d8%6-8887f88h883-b7783d8t- 8-3788-8o778 .7 87878783by8 - -g88-887887,j8 .d888,887788888788.7 7.88b,


78.8,78878~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ byIb8 8 878 88877 883 77(8878.88 87










6.- hu,1 . b6666o ,1 . 6I166666$6 ,o61 666u666

T666016665l $. %-I. n 1t hI '6 f. 6 f66 -he1he 6 h -d-n6 . l 6




th eu0 ouo"1 .b b,16u16e I IT0 0t066 $1 .b th bt~pl, -h-. ht, d -W t th h-.eupflo. - - h . ESbh - U




0the oe.6 h 6 1 - 1 ."06 66 It 0t.6 III t01 1 66 P6 11 Io6., 666 66




It, hl.e~ . to he e I �l~ ose(lv~)th IV -b thes Th.ept* T.ritts1









-Ie 61l66r 6dl66 t6th6 e dtent th6 t tt b1 t6o6 , 6- de111so.e 9tle6
--1666$00611010I1606616 6160160. A06~l - .b -bb66 h .1616 1 1 b, 1 It 6 6 6P6 nted by be - -1$d house t,, $ rtyad.
cenerd comoud� .11 - . l rell . -1h, thI -r ( # t-dll) I h.- 1 -me .1 e , -d .y he composd f - bt -1.~ can d -e ob











-m- 9no 888 d 88 --ft th. A1 881 9

88888888.88888881 ~ ~ . -d-888 8 88888888


0 8888 -1 808808 89p99-8 d-9 fth888 88888888888888888888 88n U888 -t.l88-8n8t.8h9 88988d88. IM08 I-8988888898888.88.8h-89888889P8-988d88888888-8"8-AY b t8 - 888888888 .988888988888888888 $8w8888889A8888888888 -d 88- - 8on 8888I89888M88888888A88988898888ft888 p- - d88888888888888n.88h88.- , - - o o88o8 188888888888888 t888oft88888888888889 8A8h- 98880WY 88 888,88888888888889888 98889888888888888-8-8-8898 8080888988.88988888o8n.8. -on.9 888888888. n,88980888888










8888- 9888 -,,, - on8 1-888o88d Y-9.,8n M 8

--d8 8888888888888n8888888888-h8to,88888d. 8888-8 8ft.-8 8on 8d888889 - 888898 888 88888 -88 ft88908M8988d888ION8880888l n.












- - 1 ltl hhldll- 9811 1d9 h Yh9)99l94991t19911 899- -9)








,,-,8980 N-1 - thhI 1. P8101191 - 81 818t 9899990 I, th8998-.-9811908889888888.981981t9- 1 th981981998989

19898) . ytN8. hI )88- b .).8

p.19819If -,898 88 9-8 )899098 818 8988188 8981

08888988~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~P I-P99188889999881 89=9998




198 ~ ~ ~ ~ lh I -)011 y91 .998 898988 898 81 88)899




9.888808 1)98888998)898849998198ht 98089988.8 988888 h I .T9 88888881898 1h88198 888888888 h. 88 989)8 I 1 898. 88. )9 h 99898)88818--h )If8-8WO 8I988)898)988)88888-)9 9898889, 18)19 94 )8 88 dT It. I888) -8) 89)88 -h8 h 8988 -P8)88)1. I. 199)1984888989)989-1. k" 8 t.h9-880 1 -I8 I98"I9 -88)881T88-C













to hou~d T tlnr d . H - - - t. n PS.,ob,,,oU , t hle totdho1e1ot .~~.oto o o


0eM S prior to c eot e ot oth t t lote -o ., ht -o ph-itS 4r00000 b-~l tb -fet~ y p-et -h Mhte from - l , at Ier I n th Io~g (P-11e 1960: 574 ), The eh. b ft." nd Ahee, ftnbty IIM~bd by the - lb dod. t. t th ltotposstth r oUtt.s oof. 01 t thr o -y sS .oubottg- .07,.-1 tho .oot b .O.tbt oobt~otoMtobbOtlolO.






b by df the h-1ge th,' o -bbly -ethl fro, tbb bbh~h K thb -�e~e pretbh . their reho.


thoo uot tho d. NOu t holt 1t 00 l0 y to. h 1 t toto fth o n l s fotoS th. t-mboo ,ho pt.oh to 0.01.0 h- ,. 0 th ( 1968,1P - )o b. -on t. h s t rotoo tht ty - o h o n d d tsblO t. t00 o0

p -o4 (loto to o ohlt 1972). Tho oten ooy ooohtt- bh o o th pWm-t fht of t.ho.ostp .o . . tb too So oat . oohtotoboto lose b i-o., .



t - 1-of ool h N.booottb Tb y bo foo tuht- .olotthoo t fto tho t h-bbotl ibot. t ot uboolo pdue Qobnt d 0t . e -o lo tot o Ln col o

oottolotot, obtooo ooo~opottoo ooooooo~olltol


















lola (n - ,btvc 1 I n lb-M rlMMIM Mtdl -l d
M.M '. 'dhu - h la -lp ir~n i. 1up .ed b O -* be H *



c -Mn dt i M ft Ien M OI d~ Uere dlflo Mb lr b M-9Yttels o .-e MM0, . lb.nc 1 - ., M., ,h~~h $h( I- I . t -e y b.h 197:. 1 ,












fleun qtle I o nb tn'. b


qyyi.y-,b.yyy tybb Thbyyybybyyb b
,Th-,. I l-menyy. -hf- ty b -- . b th N.ee bybuy bybyl
t- bl -~1 bbdM orMoMl., t nt, e thnn, , lr Inth the tuth d W



Tho- dtnb -~ typ. o9 hN mnn In -~o the -t tr -nly

pyytyd: th, Wyf, , Q or yt-y, duhlyMh b 1-y -p -1fd b-v . gone In, b.-er -ek; . .1cond .or lb. b-~s hf P-l bbe -h tn . mb
-Yyyyylhyft, -t , ytyybyty. b --dp yb nl.,y .0tM

- -11hhbdkP-tih ing O dhHn thi~y, - n~1b.hn h.PbtbbUb p~d t bly ng Tbhy 4,y n ) hb -hm (gt f t thy t Tin. M. th h-tpoy thtpth: W fyy hr In ythOy -tp, h thynhg dbhthb



495-41Mpl, ) h 11,h h Th.I th t~ b. I ypl ht~ flh - yppp byb by 'h yp . tn. .im.,p b p n'h y n'. s bi bh ih Pt






b by pOh thIn- l wa p o b , opf tp tpop . p hi poitpymon otth b tih




















47101000 III 407, ) 0.-4774744by4IN7o007 Th.700404-104474 III6IN 4710




S11707h.10, .0444NT 4744047010744-0447471.0070I. -747






MI.,404 INN 7444444d00,7704444047IN40-7II4I704,04741.044047104770 .-t400004IN, Mbb t4447t-N4I00N4407% 44g4 b,04N


TN, b4h-I 074.4074N4407I IN0 1 IIN -M.I

-407704447447000 P.-447* 4740477.4444077774074777047-0-7074d ft I IT .,00- I - I04I70bINNNIN44IN,40-4.44IN040470lb4007444414























-1. POO -m-P&P,



POOP PP.- WOPO. . . -PP't ",-0

AO-W -Oqj - NWIt.o. P '.POW MOdW I-P, A 00 -1d.

- - - - . - P.P. P . - ., POI., -

p.p- q.,. MV OW p AWPW.-O q WPP . P Pl O.Oid M M



WO. I- Op.d P,, .11 .11

A4 -,- , qPM-PP,,pOW M-P M- -q -PM (10961 IP-PU !CUP

I-POd ) j p -,j qj , Pjq, f1-0O,



,q

-.d OW. -P- P-ADAM q AIM-d- NPOI-d P1011,

Oo 0. - , -- ,

11-0. P.O. WOO. PO. O -P.O 1-I., 1 09 :9961 1-O14-d ". - % Op., P -O , -0,-










ooooooooo0 ooilO0 000 40 000lp


00 0010040010004000001000000000010o0 .0000 . 40004 10000000 =004040040













q0000000400400100000000000000000 0oo

qo 0000 04000004 004

--d000.0000044440 p-,p p. q W000000-0004 q-00000p0

q-00 0000000 -0 -. - 00000000000 ,l00 00040

04 .0.0000000040000000 . . 000000000001



































I0606 l016q)d90I00010 0010,11


600 09660 10 6610106661 661 16 101+ m 009 0691+4+ 0110 0) 60101101 pu 0 6 I 1 01 000060 01 iu L669o6S .ol 916 ++ 0001 1 01 100p. 09601 0061016++















A9997 9979. (977. 777799 99919977997r 9a.99)w9a 97199999789o99o
















ou ,~ ~ ~ ~~ l 1-. 197llo ar n ~ t - e�,l.:FeP A)7999,9997)9n91ton s999411u9 99Hcao~ 9
















)9 9 . . .19.9 9.7 .9 . 79l9. 9
-d 9.779)99799999 977799,9 d t99UN, A- 79.d 1-











ForeeM~er 95 "Te~tct Mfuf n fnnc~truwa Ocfcd Of, r

--ery rrII .





H cmf, AI 3 1 M8. dsUll W ll n s gs n: Atl U's tLy's h A , (slsU.










Jd9, thy 0 d 9 R05, 19 60 Ih g-if n. I ,' Pt9 9 of f A.sfif o 9
-n .~e P --e -let~y -h II Io 4. . - . 2mm ):-57
J1I99 e, o A 1976. "s l 1999. - i-9f9 II'sm*IU (-h. i







K~ ,Jo M vz er 1e " MuleI modee o d,,IdU o d t begqWdn 0f

Iof s 1, 1 f1 f9 lt 9Eg 9 19ulf

5319 99199 911 9951999L-99999991I 1i _.9 , 9.1fI9999 9Lf9 9.599 9999 fU.

















I.ae nc , 1'o-9 e, � -h rpIt. ft lel G. d, d.~te






5 . I G. 0.778828 888) 2s8; The 585 8



-7878 , R- 6 5, -78'ltAt 757 -5-5 88858888








B. - 1971. -: p -r' Fa tou


,~i~n K -t, j,*q STi d 8-Y~h; -e $AGE# rt F PWe t fle* At
P-8188,5-8880 I85 75 - 558,88855,81. 78877870588

t"65 78,0 88558585785
,77887 8577 - [18,7 -888 p8858 .8.887 7788578057

- -5888,0858 19578 28888888887 8778558 (558878bWtt A,'
588888)88) d~lGfG" 4)2-488t88885. 7888755




















SIWdt yVWrIn Ml-Itk -j. S-tgl It A-e9-~t p.Yment- E.-T"Oe ,B.9190 J.1IIh9 . I d.11 , d29 u,9 -bl It ftdt.


aert-y: un-erIy od-omsp-I.






922/96 99929 969 19 91. a l' 9192096 209969 99990-"9 924t 6999
99299.9H8999929.T2a9299996669999L999992999929e6909106/999929

0999699,999909999269r,1999"0999 D



t d9989090 --992999 n 0 n.9 996999n696n99999691













6, -L R.p9 preI.2n969 99o6 6h996tt 29 th9 9m996 6996692
6999 I&.1 9999I02999999I90 It.999 II69999 .6
996-992696 IL: P 99 29606999992999299 't. - 9999,91Z6.992














.111 d






-d -1 U.


1-6, 1991. P- ft,