The publications in this collection do not reflect current scientific knowledge or recommendations. These texts represent the historic publishing record of the Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences and should be used only to trace the historic work of the Institute and its staff. Current WAS research may be found on the Electronic Data Information Source (EDIS)
site maintained by the Florida Cooperative Extension Service.
Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University of Florida
PROPOSAL FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT
TO THE USAID MISSION IN THE
United States Agency for- International Development by
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and
Center for Tropical Agriculture
University of Florida
March 31, 1981
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I . Introduction . 1
II . Institutional Experience in Latin America and the Caribbean I III. Recent-University of Florida Activities in the Dominican
Republic . . 3 IV . Institutional Expertise in Specialties Requested . 5 V . Personnel Availability and Qualifications . 9 VI . Use of Strengthening Grant Resources . 10
ANNEX A. RECENT INTERNATIONAL CONTRACT ACTIV-ITIES WITHIN THE
INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES. UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA .
ANNEX B. THE CENTER FOR TROPICAL AGRICULTURE . ANNEX C. PROPOSED FACULTY . ANNEX D. IFAS AND RELATED FACULTY WITH SPANISH SPEAKING CAPABILITY
This Proposal for Technical Support to USAID Missions was prepared by the Office of International Programs of the University of Florida. Previous to making the decision to submit a proposal, contacts were made with the different Departments and Centers that would participate in the implementation as well as with numerous faculty members whom we anticipate will be directly involved in the technical work in the various disciplines listed in the request. There was enthusiastic response both*at the administrative and individual level to participate in this appropriate and new approach to linking University capability to the Dominican Republic AID Mission.
We at the Un diversity of Florida think that a program of this type can be mutually benefl-cial to the parties involved as it makes use of the vast experience in tropical agriculture available at the University and, atthe same time, provides an opportunity to increase this.expertise through faculty participation; it is also consistent with the University's long-term goals and policies regarding technical assistance. II. Institutional Experience in Latin America and the Caribbean
The University of Florida through its Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) and other related disciplines has a vast wealth of experience in international project work, both design and implementation; most of this experience has been in Latin America and the Caribbean. Being a Land-Grant Institution, the University combines significant programs in research, teaching and extension both domestically and abroad. In addition, Florida's subtropical climate provides the University's agricultural faculty with the opportunity to be quite familiar with crop and livestock production problems common to much of the tropical areas of the world. The State's proximity to the tropical areas of Latin America facilitates effective work with agricultural development
problems in most countries of Central and South America and the Caribbean region.
IFAS scientists, individually and as a team, have for over two decades
been involved in a number of projects in tropical Latin America. These projects have dealt with problems of crop and livestock production and marketing, development of effective agricultural extension, improvement of agricultural
education and strengthening agricultural research institutions. Some of these projects have been country oriented, other have been commodity oriented, while still others have cut across country and commodity lines. The University has implemented successfully long term agricultural development related projects in Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guyana and Jamaica. Through short term assignment, consulting and student thesis supervision different FAS scientists are familiar with most countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Annex A provides a-summary of the most recent interna-,:Ional contracts, both USAID and non USAID, in which the University through IFAS has been involved.
Of particular relevance is the experience that IFAS has developed in
problems--of small hillside farmers through the University's long term involvement in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Bolivia and Ecuador. During implementation of these contracts IFAS scientists on long-term and short-term assignments have had the opportunity to observe and work with small farmers in areas ranging from technical production to marketing, resource scarcity, erosion problems, etc. This accumulated experience can be readily put to use to assist USAID missions. The base is continually expanding as both State and Title XII funds are being invested in faculty development experiences in tropical areas of the world and particularly in Latin Am rica and the Caribbean.
The IFAS reputation in tropical agriculture has attracted students from most de%.?loping countries of the world; at present time about 250 foreign
students are enrolled in different departments in IFAS. Traditionally, the majority of these students come from Latin America and the Caribbean.
The University and IFAS intentions to strengthen participation in international work in tropical agriculture are evidenced by the following quote from a letter from Vice President for Agricultural Affairs K. R. Tefertiller to BIFAD:
"The comlementarity between Florida and agricultural research
and development of the tropics has always been present due to climatic similarities. For most disease and pest control work, development of
new and improved cultivars and identification of improved farm management practices. Florida must look to similarities in the tropics for
joint work because such similarities do not prevail in other states of the U. S. -Present and future production, resource use and rural
development problems in the tropics and subtropics readily lend themselves to joint program efforts. These needs and opportunities,
accompanied by the long term commitment of IFAS to technical assistance,
are the basis for our present commitment to strengthening international
programs at tChe University of Florida."
III. Recent University of Florida Activities in the Dominican Republic
Since-March 1979 the University of Florida in-bdllaboration with the State Secretariat of Agriculture of the Dominican Republic (SEA) and with the Association of Caribbean Universities and'Research Institutes (UNICA) has been carrying out an "integrated Professional Training Program" aimed at training mid-career executives and professionals from the Dominican Republic in a wide range of integrated agro-socioeconomic fields. The long range objectives of this program is to equip this personnel with new methods of problems analysis and program implementation that wil; allow these individuals to deal more effectively with rural poverty and resource management in their country.
The above program started with six scholars and, as a result of its
initial success, it has been continuously expanded to the point that at the present time there are twenty-three Dominicans enrolled in graduate and professional degree programs at the University. They are undergoing training in different fields such as Food and Resource Economics, Public Administration,
Geography, Soils, Forestry, Regional and National Planning, Farming Systems
and Natural Resource Management. Participation by faculty in graduate advisory committees for these students in the wide array of disciplines is further expanding and strengthening the University faculty base for backstop to USAID.
The training program is presently being expanded further to become an
Integrated Training/Researc ' Program in Natural Resource Management. It will initially concentrate in the Las Cuevas watershed; students participating in the training component will do their theses and dissertations on problems related to the-Las Cuevas watershed covering their areas of particular interest. This type of applied training program will not only provide a substantial amount of research material for the watershed, but will also create the environment for an integrated tCeam approach to solving natural resc'irce problems in the
country as the students return to their agencies.
The research component in which both Dominican' personnel and University of Florida faculty will participate jointly will be very comprehensive and will encompass activities in Resource Management (soil, water,land use and tenure. forestry and forest products, and range management), Rural Welfare
adSocio-economics Conditions (population --owth, rural urban migration, social change, communication, education, transportation and community organization) and Economic Development (determinants of poverty, product markets, factor markets, household survival strategies and rural service centers). It is expected that this research will help provide planners and decision-maker-s in the Dominican Republic with information as well as with an understanding of the origin and scope of agro-socioeconomic factors that impinge upon natural resource management id, Las Cuevas watershed. Hopefully this understanding will help in policy determination not only for Las Cuevas but for other regions of the country as well.
In addition-to this long-term involvement, many scientists from the
University of Florida have been involved in short-term activities in the
Dominican Republic in areas such as dairy cattle production and management,
'animal health, energy and food systems, review of USAID country missions priorities
and strategies, soil surveys, etc. We expect these activities to continue at
a more intensive level through our collaborative research and training program.
In fact, at the present time a proposal is being developed for possible
collaboration with the Instituto Superior de Agricultura for the design
of a program for training women extension workers.
IV. Institutional Expertise in Specialties Requested
The University of Florida is highly qualified to act as prime contractor
for a broad scope program such as this one. Technical support to the USAID
Mission wiil be forthcoming mainly through the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, ;,hich comprises the following 20 academic units:
Agriculture & Extension Education_Agronomy
E-ntLomology and Nematology Food and Resource Economics Food Science and Human Nutrition
Mechanized Agriculture Microbiology and Cell Science Ornamental Horticulture Plant Pathology
Additional support will come from the School of Forestry, the depar4-ments
of agricultural engineering, anthropology and sociology as well as the various
centers including the Center for Tropical Agriculture and the Center for Latin
America Studies. These academic units offer a scientific resource base of
nearly one thousand faculty members, over three hundred of which have experience in international agricultural work.
*The University is developing a strong multidisciplinary program in Farming Systems Research and Extension (FSR/E) based heavily on its experience in El Salvador, Bolivia and Guat emala and building on a long history of multidisciplinary projects and cooperation both on and off campus. Soil Science,, Agronomy, Anthropology, Food and Resource Economics, Animal Science, Food Science and Human Nutrition, Agricultural Engineering, and Vegetable Crops, among other departments, are involved in the Farming Systems effort which is aimed both at domestic and international situations. This integrated program
effort involves complete assessment of farm level decision making and thereby incorporates the role of family and women in the total production process as Yell as the varied appropriate disciplines. As part of the FSR/E Program, a capability for offering courses in Spanish and in various countries, is being developed. It is anticipated that this will become an important component in the training program of the University oriented toward the generation and promotion of technology for low resource farmers.
The Universi-ty is establishing a Center for Tropical Animal Health which works on important animal diseasesaround the globe. Its main focus has been on practical approaches to the control of those diseases that constrain the production of food producing animals in the tropical regions of the Caribbean, Latin America and Africa. A secondary emphasis of the Center will be on the control and prevention of the diseases transmissible from animals to-man. Experience and significant involvement by University veterinary scientists and animal scientists, spec-ifically relevant to the Dominican Republic and the Caribbean, is the present problem with African Swine Fever.
The Center for Tropical Agriculture at the University was organized in 1965 and has been an important element in graduate and undergraduate train-
ing programs ever since. Students in the College of Agriculture can earn a Certificate in Tropical Agriculture as part of their degree program and those from other Colleges earn a Certificate of Tropical Studies. Technical assistance contracts are also an integral part of the Center. They provide a mechanism for carrying out problem solving activities jointly with agri-cultural institutions in the tropics. Anneax B describes the Center activities and programs and lists the courses available in different disciplines in the University that might be of interest to students seeking training in tropical agriculture and related fields.
The Centers as well as the different Departments lend active and continuous support t'o several activities related to agricultural and rural development in Latl.in America in which University faculty participate, usually in leadership roles; examples of such activities are research in nitrogen fixation, livestock mineral nutrition, integrated pest management, and the recently initiated -program related to the role of women in rural development.
The existence of these Centers arnd special programs has helped to create
*an awareness among our development oriented faculty of the fact that rural development in the tropics requires an integrated approach in terms of the disciplines involved. Most of these scientists have participated in multidisciplinary efforts and many of them have often crossed the boundaries of their own r'iscipiines in terms of their interest and applied work.
Institutional and faculty experience with backstop or technical support to international contracts is particularly well developed at the University and relevant to this request. The backstop committee system is an important aspect of the country contract program. Each major technical assistark' e and research effort is backstopped by campus faculty and department chairmen1. Multidisciplinary projects are backstopped by a committee of faculty with one or more members for each discipline represented by an in-counitry tech-
nical advisor. Each backstop faculty person serves as a connecting link to ongoing campus and professional programs while providing a support base for various technical needs within the contract. The contract team member and the backstop person can join together in directing international graduate student research projects for either foreign or U. S. students. Joint publication of research results by the contract team member and the back.stop person is encouraged to facilitate expanded communication, feedback and evalua-tion of research results.
The Universit~y of Florida has all the expertise and administrative structure& necessary to provide technical assistance to the USAID Mission in the Dominican Republic in the areas specified on the Scope of Work and in many other related areas which might later be needed in addition to or in support of those presently requested. Furthermore, the University has the capability and the will to respond quickly to any requests for technical assistance originating through-this program. Within a short time, the University can place in the field an individual or a team of specialists required to fill a work order. This has been done on many previous ocassions in the past, in Latin America as well as in places farther away like Malawi and Cameroon.
All the administrative details of this program and its backstopping will be handled by IFAS's office of International Programs; this office created in 1966, consists of a Director, an Associate Director, an Administrative Assistant, a Training Coordinator and four secretaries. Over the pasc fifteen years, International Programs has provided backstopping for many contracts (see Annex A) and its personnel are experienced in expediting contract matters and handling and channelling promptly all requests for technical assistance and logistic support.
V. Personnel Availability and Qualifications
Fourty-four faculty members with both a desire to participate in the
program and expertise in the specific areas listed in the Scope of Work have been identified. In the area of animal health six members of the faculty of Veterinary Medicine are included; their experience covers !.atin America, the Caribbean and tropical Africa. Eleven agricultural economists have been included in the proposal and they cover the areas of project preparation and evaluation, production, marketing, trade, credit, farming systems, farm management and resource economics. For assistance in Rural Sociology we have included three sociologists with wide experience in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as four anthropologists with si milar expertise. For assistance in aquaculture three specialists are included from the School of Forestry and one biologist assigned to the Agricultural Engineering Department; their expertise covers fisheries and aquatic plants. For assistance in the area of natural resource management we have included seven soil scientists as well as two soil, and water engineers, two foresfry specialists, and one natural resource-economist. There are four agricultural engineers included in the total to Cover the agricultural engineering area. For assistance in human nutrition two specialists from the Department of Food Science and'Human Nutrition, two nutrition extension specialists and one agricultural economist with interest and experience in this area are included.
Annex C shows a list of the proposed faculty with the specific areas of expertise ian which they fit and a profile of their Spanish language proficiency. Also included in Annex C are the biodata requested in the RFP and USAID forms 1420-17. As some faculty members w~re out of the country at the time that this proposal was being prepared, their biodata information is missing. This will be corrected as soon as they return to the Campus. As can be seen from the language proficiency profile one
half of the proposed technicians have sufficient language capacity to do an effective job in the Dominican Republic.
.It is possible that at some stage during the duration of this contract technical assistance may be required by USAID/Dominican Republic in fields related to those listed in the Scope of Work, but not specifically listed there. Annex D shows a list of faculty in IFAS and related fields with Spanish speaking capability, which would be available for assistance in their area of expertise should tChis assistance be requested. VI. Use of Strengthening Grant Resources
The University of Florida will commit Strengthening Grant resources to the technical support to mission program in the Dominican Republic following the same policy framework with which the Strengthening Grant has been developed. Strengthening Grant funding is used to provide for program and faculty development through involvement with international activities in various humid tropical low income -countries of the world. Funds are also used to provide language and culturdl training to those individuals who will become involved in Strengthening Grant programs .and other international activities particularly related to the Title XII--Mandate. It is not the University of Florida policy to use Strengthen.ing Grant funds to directly support -contract oriented activities whether they be for research, teaching or technical assistance. Contractual arrangements are usually made for longer term endeaver s of th'is nature. However these funds will be used to strengthen our capability and response in the Dominican Republic. Thus, the Strengthening Grant policy will be applied in a similar fashion to the technical support to mission program in the Dominican Republic as in other countries except that emphasis will be given to further developing and maintaining a strong faculty base for backstop support to the Dominican Republic.
The University of Florida has in the past committed Strengthening Grant
funds to activities in the Dominican Republic. Some of these activities might parallel work that would be within the TSM responsibility of the University of Florida. For example, one Strengthening Grant program has involved a professor in the Geography Department working with soil and geography related problems in the Dominican Republic through research by a student asz.ist14ant. This program recently has received AID funding for training purposes and the Strengthening Grant served as a basis for the development of part of the activity. Thus, a technical support to mission type involvement is evident. Another activity that is presently being considered is with the "role of women in development" area and the technical advisory committee to the Strengthening Grant program which is responsible for it. This group will be doing program planning work in~the Dominican Republic this coming summer, oriented toward developing curriculum for training programs primarily of a short term nature, related to the areas of nutrition and women and family in the agricultural production process. Again, this particular planning activity has been stimulated by Strengthening Grant funds and is another example of the type of activity that parallels the TSM request.
There are a number of mutual responsibilities, opportunities and interests that could emerge between a TSM commitment and the Strengthening program. The University of Florida stands prepared to consider various alternatives and commit Strengthening Grant resources to these efforts keeping in mind the above specified policy criteria. In this way, the mission of the local AID program in the Dominican Republic as well as the overall program of the University of Florida in tropical agricultural development work, particularly with reference to the Caribbean, will be Strengthened.
TECHNICAL SUPPORT TO MISSION
Proposed Staff - Discipline and Spanish Capability
Kenneth L. Campbell
Edward P. Lincoln J. Mostella Myers Gerald L. Zachariah Paul L. Doughty Maxine L. Margolis Terry L. McCoy
Helen M. Safa Marianne Schmink Hernan Vera Jose Alvarez Chris 0. Andrew Carlton G. Davis J. Kamal Dow
Clyde Kiker William K. Mathis John E. Reynolds James Wershow John P. Van Blokland Katherine C. Ewel Richard F. Fisher Jerome V. Shireman Harold L. Schramm David L. Sutton William G. Blue David H. Hubbell Hugh L. Popenoe 'William L. Pritchett Jerry B. Sartain Jimmy L. Street Robert G. Volk Robert P. Bates James S. Dinning Linda E. Moody Patricia E. Wagner Michael J. Burridge German Berchoff Wyland S. Cripe Robert F. Kahrs E. P. Gibbs Paul Nicoletti
Agr. Engineering - watershed hydrology, water management Biology - Algae production Agr. Engineering - soil and water Agr. Engineering - processing-water use Anthropology - Rural sociology Anthropology Sociology - rural-urban migration population
Social anthropology Anthropology Sociology
Agr. Economics - Farm management-extension Agr. Economics - Credit - Marketing - Trade Agr. Economics - Nutrition - Development Agr. Economics - Development - Project preparation and evaluation Agr. Economics - Rural development - small farmer decision process Agr. Economics - Farming systems research and extension Agr. Economics - Natural resources - energy Agr. Economics - Marketing Agr. Economics - land use - natural resources Law - Agr. economics - land use - land tenure Agr. Economics - Farm management - credit Forestry - ecosystems Forestry - soils - ecosystems Aquaculture
Tropical Soils Soils - nitrogen fixation Tropical Soils Forest Soils Soils
Soils - soil nutrients Soils
Food Science & Human Nutrition Human Nutrition Extension Education - human nutrition Human Nutrition - extension Veterinary medicine Veterinary medicine Veterinary medicine Veterinary medicine Veterinary medicine Veterinary medicine
S-4, R-4 S-4, R-3
S-4, R-4 S-4, R-4 S-5, R-5 S-5, R-5
None None None
S-3, R-3 S-3, R-3 S-4, R-4 S-I, R-2 S-I, R-2
S-5, R-5 S-3, R-3 S-2, R-2