Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations
 Choosing companions
 "Send that boy to me"
 His heart in it
 A day with a Japanese boy
 A beautiful sentiment
 Horses that like petting
 The native Australians
 A brave youth
 The prairie dog's story
 Chinese locomotion
 The Japanese
 The voyage of Robert the kid
 Musical mountains
 Story of Susan Cooper
 The shepherd's bride
 How poor boys become great
 Launching a ship
 The ship
 Story of little Joe
 Poor Dick
 My first summer in the country
 California life
 A cat story
 Ship ahoy!
 The diving-bell
 A shark story
 The sperm whale
 Aladdin, or the wonderful lamp
 Duty first
 The steppes of Siberia
 The Alamo
 The lazy maiden
 The capitol at Washington
 Penn's treaty with the Indians
 The declaration of Independenc...
 Stories of rivers in America
 The river Nile
 The temples of India
 The sagacity of a gull - An intelligent...
 Fingal's cave
 Sand whirlwinds
 A cyclone or whirlwind
 Out on business - Forgive, if you...
 The tea-plant
 The coffee plant
 The first smoke
 Be thankful
 The locust
 About snakes
 Seeing himself in a looking-gl...
 Something about frogs and...
 The mole's queer house
 The silkworm
 Tuft's lesson
 An encounter with bears
 Adventures of Simple Simon
 The dog of Saint Bernard
 The first bank
 The zebra
 The giraffe
 The blue titmouse
 How to catch monkeys
 Clever monkeys - The wild boar
 The reindeer
 The horse
 The red deer
 The dying deer - The puma
 The lion
 The hippopotamus
 The hyaena - The ant-eater
 The polar bear
 The tiger
 The porcupine
 The elephant
 The tailor-bird
 Pride goes before a fall
 The condor
 Happy as a lark
 A strange bird
 The jackdaw
 The vampire bat
 About shells
 About oysters
 The white ray - A 6 by 9 rhyme
 Combat between a shark and...
 The whale
 Hunting crocodiles
 How Harry and I studied astron...
 Crabs - The sea-horse
 The crusades
 Murder of Thomas A'Becket
 The founding of Rome
 Tired of reading
 The druids
 South American Indians
 The early settlers of Kentucky
 An Indian story
 The Indians
 Indian medicine man
 The burning of Deerfield
 Playthings of Indian children
 A young hero
 The women of Gettysburg - Barbara...
 The burning of Moscow
 The fox and the horse
 The battle of Gettysburg
 The siege of Vicksburg
 Mrs. Mary A. Livermore
 Learning to be a soldier
 Eddie, the drummer boy
 The battle of Waterloo
 A narrow escape
 The battle of the wilderness
 "Old spectacles," a war story
 A fearless heroine
 Capturing his own father
 A night on the picket line
 The little fleet
 A thanksgiving dinner in the...
 The war of revolution
 A young girl's adventure with a...
 The struggle
 A terrible surprise
 A tale of the Greenland seas
 An adventure with panthers
 A sea-fowling adventure
 An adventure in a lighthouse
 Swiss family Robinson
 A sea yarn
 The kings of the sea
 Adventures of Robinson Crusoe
 Adventure with pirates
 The ride of Paul Revere
 Where sugar comes from
 Napoleon Bonaparte
 Early life of Queen Victoria
 The Mandarin
 The boyhood of George Washingt...
 Abraham Lincoln
 A noble nurse
 David Livingstone
 General Grant
 Story of Benjamin Franklin
 Thomas Jefferson
 Sketch of Daniel Webster
 A lie sticks
 Joan of Arc
 Peter the Great
 Mary, Queen of Scots
 History of the steam engine
 Paper and printing
 The deluge
 Aaron's rod changed to a serpe...
 Jonah's disobedience
 Building of Babel
 Story of Samson
 Eastern shepherds
 Daniel in the lion's den
 Ruth gleaning in the field...
 The birth of St. John
 Birth of Christ
 The early life of Jesus
 Back Cover

Group Title: Wonderland of wisdom, or, The boys library : Being a grand storehouse of natural history, biography, travels, discovery, thrilling adventures, remarkable animals and birds explorations in all parts of the world, Indian stories and exciting exploits on the frontier, sea yarns, riddles, conundrums, etc. ...
Title: Wonderland of wisdom, or, The boys library
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00081106/00001
 Material Information
Title: Wonderland of wisdom, or, The boys library Being a grand storehouse of natural history, biography, travels, discovery, thrilling adventures, remarkable animals and birds explorations in all parts of the world, Indian stories and exciting exploits on the frontier, sea yarns, riddles, conundrums, etc. ...
Alternate Title: Boy's library
Physical Description: 322, 3 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Field, Wynn ( Editor )
S. I. Bell & Co ( Publisher )
Publisher: S.I. Bell & Co.
Place of Publication: Philadelphia ;
Publication Date: c1891
Subject: Natural history -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Animals -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Biography -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Voyages and travels -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Indians of North America -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Frontier and pioneer life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Seafaring life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Children -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Children's stories   ( lcsh )
Children's poetry   ( lcsh )
Children's stories -- 1891   ( lcsh )
Children's poetry -- 1891   ( lcsh )
Riddles -- 1891   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1891
Genre: Children's stories
Children's poetry
Riddles   ( rbgenr )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
United States -- Illinois -- Chicago
Statement of Responsibility: edited by Wynn Field ; over three hundred appropriate engravings.
General Note: Frontispiece and some full page illustration printed in blue.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00081106
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002225267
notis - ALG5539
oclc - 191092006

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Title Page
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Table of Contents
        Page 5
        Page 6
    List of Illustrations
        Page 7
    Choosing companions
        Page 8
    "Send that boy to me"
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
    His heart in it
        Page 12
    A day with a Japanese boy
        Page 13
    A beautiful sentiment
        Page 14
    Horses that like petting
        Page 15
        Page 16
    The native Australians
        Page 17
    A brave youth
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    The prairie dog's story
        Page 21
    Chinese locomotion
        Page 22
    The Japanese
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
    The voyage of Robert the kid
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Musical mountains
        Page 29
        Page 30
    Story of Susan Cooper
        Page 31
    The shepherd's bride
        Page 32
    How poor boys become great
        Page 33
    Launching a ship
        Page 34
        Page 35
    The ship
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    Story of little Joe
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
    Poor Dick
        Page 45
    My first summer in the country
        Page 46
        Page 47
    California life
        Page 48
        Page 49
    A cat story
        Page 50
    Ship ahoy!
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    The diving-bell
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    A shark story
        Page 57
        Page 58
    The sperm whale
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
    Aladdin, or the wonderful lamp
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
    Duty first
        Page 70
        Page 71
    The steppes of Siberia
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
    The Alamo
        Page 75
    The lazy maiden
        Page 76
    The capitol at Washington
        Page 77
        Page 78
    Penn's treaty with the Indians
        Page 79
    The declaration of Independence
        Page 80
        Page 81
    Stories of rivers in America
        Page 82
    The river Nile
        Page 83
    The temples of India
        Page 84
        Page 85
    The sagacity of a gull - An intelligent swallow
        Page 86
    Fingal's cave
        Page 87
    Sand whirlwinds
        Page 88
    A cyclone or whirlwind
        Page 89
    Out on business - Forgive, if you would be forgiven
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
    The tea-plant
        Page 93
    The coffee plant
        Page 94
    The first smoke
        Page 95
    Be thankful
        Page 96
        Page 97
    The locust
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
    About snakes
        Page 101
    Seeing himself in a looking-glass
        Page 102
    Something about frogs and toads
        Page 103
        Page 104
    The mole's queer house
        Page 105
    The silkworm
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
    Tuft's lesson
        Page 111
        Page 112
    An encounter with bears
        Page 113
    Adventures of Simple Simon
        Page 114
    The dog of Saint Bernard
        Page 115
    The first bank
        Page 116
    The zebra
        Page 117
        Page 118
    The giraffe
        Page 119
    The blue titmouse
        Page 120
    How to catch monkeys
        Page 121
    Clever monkeys - The wild boar
        Page 122
    The reindeer
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
    The horse
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
    The red deer
        Page 129
    The dying deer - The puma
        Page 130
    The lion
        Page 131
        Page 132
    The hippopotamus
        Page 133
    The hyaena - The ant-eater
        Page 134
    The polar bear
        Page 135
    The tiger
        Page 136
    The porcupine
        Page 137
    The elephant
        Page 138
    The tailor-bird
        Page 139
    Pride goes before a fall
        Page 140
    The condor
        Page 141
    Happy as a lark
        Page 142
    A strange bird
        Page 143
    The jackdaw
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
    The vampire bat
        Page 147
    About shells
        Page 148
    About oysters
        Page 149
        Page 150
    The white ray - A 6 by 9 rhyme
        Page 151
    Combat between a shark and a saw-fish
        Page 152
    The whale
        Page 153
    Hunting crocodiles
        Page 154
    How Harry and I studied astronomy
        Page 155
        Page 156
    Crabs - The sea-horse
        Page 157
        Page 158
    The crusades
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
    Murder of Thomas A'Becket
        Page 165
    The founding of Rome
        Page 166
    Tired of reading
        Page 167
    The druids
        Page 168
        Page 169
    South American Indians
        Page 170
    The early settlers of Kentucky
        Page 171
        Page 172
    An Indian story
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
    The Indians
        Page 176
    Indian medicine man
        Page 177
    The burning of Deerfield
        Page 178
        Page 179
    Playthings of Indian children
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
    A young hero
        Page 183
    The women of Gettysburg - Barbara Freitchie
        Page 184
    The burning of Moscow
        Page 185
        Page 186
    The fox and the horse
        Page 187
    The battle of Gettysburg
        Page 188
        Page 189
    The siege of Vicksburg
        Page 190
        Page 191
    Mrs. Mary A. Livermore
        Page 192
    Learning to be a soldier
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
    Eddie, the drummer boy
        Page 196
    The battle of Waterloo
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
    A narrow escape
        Page 201
    The battle of the wilderness
        Page 202
        Page 203
    "Old spectacles," a war story
        Page 204
    A fearless heroine
        Page 205
    Capturing his own father
        Page 206
        Page 207
    A night on the picket line
        Page 208
        Page 209
    The little fleet
        Page 210
    A thanksgiving dinner in the army
        Page 211
        Page 212
    The war of revolution
        Page 213
        Page 214
    A young girl's adventure with a bear
        Page 215
    The struggle
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
    A terrible surprise
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
    A tale of the Greenland seas
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
    An adventure with panthers
        Page 227
        Page 228
    A sea-fowling adventure
        Page 229
        Page 230
    An adventure in a lighthouse
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        Page 235
        Page 236
    Swiss family Robinson
        Page 237
        Page 238
        Page 239
        Page 240
        Page 241
        Page 242
        Page 243
        Page 244
        Page 245
        Page 246
        Page 247
        Page 248
    A sea yarn
        Page 249
        Page 250
        Page 251
    The kings of the sea
        Page 252
        Page 253
        Page 254
    Adventures of Robinson Crusoe
        Page 255
        Page 256
        Page 257
        Page 258
        Page 259
        Page 260
        Page 261
        Page 262
        Page 263
        Page 264
        Page 265
    Adventure with pirates
        Page 266
        Page 267
    The ride of Paul Revere
        Page 268
    Where sugar comes from
        Page 269
    Napoleon Bonaparte
        Page 270
        Page 271
        Page 272
        Page 273
        Page 274
        Page 275
        Page 276
    Early life of Queen Victoria
        Page 277
        Page 278
    The Mandarin
        Page 279
    The boyhood of George Washington
        Page 280
        Page 281
        Page 282
    Abraham Lincoln
        Page 283
        Page 284
        Page 285
    A noble nurse
        Page 286
    David Livingstone
        Page 287
        Page 288
        Page 289
        Page 290
    General Grant
        Page 291
        Page 292
        Page 293
        Page 294
    Story of Benjamin Franklin
        Page 295
    Thomas Jefferson
        Page 296
        Page 297
    Sketch of Daniel Webster
        Page 298
        Page 299
    A lie sticks
        Page 300
    Joan of Arc
        Page 301
        Page 302
    Peter the Great
        Page 303
        Page 304
        Page 305
    Mary, Queen of Scots
        Page 306
        Page 307
        Page 308
    History of the steam engine
        Page 309
        Page 310
    Paper and printing
        Page 311
    The deluge
        Page 312
        Page 313
    Aaron's rod changed to a serpent
        Page 314
    Jonah's disobedience
        Page 315
    Building of Babel
        Page 316
    Story of Samson
        Page 317
    Eastern shepherds
        Page 318
        Page 319
    Daniel in the lion's den
        Page 320
    Ruth gleaning in the field of Boaz
        Page 321
    The birth of St. John
        Page 322
    Birth of Christ
        Page 323
    The early life of Jesus
        Page 324
        Page 325
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

S; A'. I rjt

'i 'I







The Most Complete and Fascinating Book for Boys ever Published.



(Dter Tihre Nunmbre Appropriate ntraisaings.

S. I. BELL &'CO.



, t


A Day with a Japanese Boy . .
A Beautiful Sentiment . . .
A Brave Youth ..............
A Cat Story .. .. .. .. .. .
A Shark Story ..............
Aladdin, or the Wonderful Lamp . .
A Cyclone or Whirlwind . . .
About Snakes . . . .
An Encounter with Bears . . .
A Strange Bird . . . .
About Shells . . ... .
About Oysters . . . .
An Jndian Story . . . .
A Young Hero ..............
A Narrow Escape . . . .
A Fearless Heroine . . .
A Night on the Picket Line . .
A Thanksgiving Dinner . . .
A Young Girl's Adventure with a-Bear-. .
A Terrible Surprise . . .
A Tale of the Greenland Seas . .
An Adventure with Panthers . .
A Sea-fowling Adventure . .
An Adventure in a Lighthouse . .
A Sea Yarn . .. . . .
Adventures of Robinson Crusoe . .
Adventure with Pirates . . .
Abraham Lincoln . ... . .
A Lie Sticks . . . .
Aaron's Rod Changed to a Serpent . ..
Be Thankful .................
Barbara Freitchie . . . .
Building of Babel . . . .
Birth of Christ . . . .
Choosing Companions . . .
Chinese Locomotion . . .
California Life . . . .
Clever Monkeys . . .
Combat between a Shark and Sword Fish .
Crabs . . .. . .
Capturing his Own Father . . .
Duty First . . . ..
Dragon Flies . . . .
David Livingstone . . .
Daniel in the Lion's Den . . .
;Evangeline . . . .
Eddie, the Drummer Boy . . .

. 323
. 22
. 48
. 122
* 152
. 167
. 206
. 70
. io8
. 287
. 320
* 43
. 196

Early Life of Queen Victoria . . .
Eastern Shepherds . . . .
Fingal's Cave .....................
General Grant .... .... .. .....
His Heart In It . . . .
Horses that Like Petting . . .
How Poor Boys Become Great .... ..
How to Catch Monkeys . . .
Happy as a Lark . . . ..
Hunting Crocodiles . . . .
How Harry and I Studied Astronomy . .
History of the Steam Engine ........
Indian Medicine Men . . .
Joan of Arc . . . .
Jonah's Disobedience . . .
Launching a Ship .............
Learning to be a Soldier ........ ..
Musical Mountains . . . .
My First Summer in the Country. . .
Murder of Thomas A'Becket . . .
Mrs. Mary A. Livermore . . .
Mary, Queen of Scots ...........
Napoleon Bonaparte . . . .
Out on Business. ............. .
"Old Spectacles," a War Story . .
Poor Dick . . . . .
Penn's Treaty with the Indians .. .. .
Pride Goes Before a Fall. . . .
Pearls . . . . .
Playthings of Indian Children . . .
Putnam's Leap .. .. ... .. ..
Pizarro . . . . .
Peter the Great . . . .
Paper and Printing . . ..
Ruth Gleaning in the Field of Boaz . .
Send that Boy to Me . . .
Story of Susan Cooper. . . ...
Story of Little Hoe . . . .
Ship Ahpy! . ... .. ...
Stories of Rivers in America . . .
Sand Whirlwinds . . . .
Spiders . . . ..
Something about Frogs and Toads . .
South American Indians . . .
Swiss Family Robinson . . .
Story of Benjamin Franklin . . .
Sketch of Daniel Webster . . .

* 51
. 88
. Ioo
* 100
1. 03
. 70


Tiger .... ................ .77
The Windmill ................ 79
The Dipper ...... ....... .... 80
The Busy Bee .................. 89
The Frost ................... 94
The Camel ..... ............. 115
The Sea-side. ... . . .. 116
The Flower Girl . . . 124
The Miller's Geese . .. . 130
The Rulers of England . . .... 132
The Lazy Lad . . . . 134
The Ice Maiden . . .... 35
The Parrot and the Cat . . ... .138
The Owl and her Friends . . 143
The Whooping Crane . . . 144
The Little Dairy Maid . . .... .149
The Swallows . . . .... .150
The Truants .. ... .. .. ... 151
The Robin . . . . 16
The Wanderer's Return . . .... .165
The Babes in the Woods . . .... 167
The Sweet Soup . . .... .168
The Pet Owl. . . . ... 191
The Kitten .. . . . . I92
The Globe Fish . . . ... 194
The Trunk Fish . . . .. 195

The Whale ............ .
The Little Sailors .. .......
The Fir Tree ...........
The Cat and the Fox ........
The Squirrel Hunt .........
The Princess Wonderful .......
The Three Wishes . .
The Disobedient Little Girl . .
The Revolving Palace . .
The Sailor Boy . . .
The Generous Child . . .
The Selfish Boy . . .
The Dolls' Christmas Party . .
The Little Peddlers . . .
The Happy New Year . .
Uider the Sheaves . . .
Valentine's Morning . . .
Vacation Song ...........
Wish You Merry Christmas . .
What Our Clothing is Made of .
What Are the Wild Waves Saying .
What a Little Girl Thought of Swearing
What the Sunbeams Saw . .
You are Watched ..........
What a Fairy Did . . .
Winter Birds (Song) . . .

e)c 4- i ^Qk^ "-"(

. . 95
. . 202
. .. 206
. . 210
. . 214
. . 214

..... 252
. . 243
. . 252
. . 258
. . 260
. . 262
. . 263
. . 264
. . 268
. 270
. . 16
. . 216
. .267
. . 39
. . 158
. . 174
. . 183
. 197
. . 213
. 234
. .. 266


Frontispiece . .
Send That Boy to Me .
The Brave Boy .....
"My Name was Captain Kidd"
The Julia . . .
My Summer in the Country .
Spinning the Yarn . .
Crossing the Steppes . .
Declaration of Independence .
Out of Business ..... .
Locusts . . .

Life and Metamorphosis of the Dragon Fly
The Butterfly . . .
Sledding . . . .
The Village Blacksmith . .
The Jackdaw . . . .
The Dog and the Crab. . ..


. II
. 2619

. 37

. 81

. 9'
. 99
. 125
... 127
. 145
S. 158

Four Leaders-First Crusade . .
Murder of Thomas A'Becket . .
Druids Offering a Sacrifice . .
The Young Soldier . . .
Blucher's March to Waterloo . .
The Struggle . . . .
Death of the Royal Tiger . .
Tigress and her Cubs . .. .
The Vikings . . ..
Ship Lying on the Shore . .
Napoleon and Queen Louise .. .
Doum Palms of Upper Egypt . .
Mary Stuart Receiving her Death Sentence
Going to School ...........
Folding the Flocks .. . .
The Star of Bethlehem . .

S. 181
S. 199
S. 217
S. 235
S. 256
S. 307
. 319
. 325


d HE world judges us by the company we keep; judges all
by the worst of the company. Nor is this so far from
i wrong. There is more probability of our becoming bad
than of the worst becoming good. A man owned a swear-
ing parrot, and to reform him, kept him in the company of
another that never used bad language. It was not long
before both parrots became very profane. Vice works
more quickly than virtue, and sticks more closely.
The world not only judges us by the company we keep,
but is ready to treat us as the worst of our companions
deserve. Success or failure in life depends very much on
the company one keeps. What, then, must be done to
have good company?
Choose your companions. Do not take whoever may choose you, but
choose for yourself your own company.
Choose those whom you know. You would hardly trust strangers with
property; will you trust them with that which is worth far more-your com-
fort, your reputation, your life, your soul?
Choose such as you can trust. He who deceives or flatters others may
flatter and deceive you. If he be unfaithful to another, what assurance can
you have of his faithfulness to you ?
Choose such as tell you kindly, yet frankly, your faults. Only true friends
will do that. "Faithful are the wounds of a friend."
Choose those who respect their parents and are loved at home. Nowhere
is there such an opportunity given to study one's character so closely studied,
as at home. Those who respect their parents will respect what is worthy and
good in you, and those whom the little ones of home love and trust you may
regard as worthy your confidence. Respect for parents and love and care for
little ones are rarely found in hearts that are very bad.
Choose true Christians. They live from principle, and believe that-God's
eye is upon them. Being friends of God, they will bring you into the best
company; and they will be likely in their prayers to keep you before the mind
of the Almighty, so that you may share in their own blessings. Their friend-
ship will last. They are everlasting friends, for heav'en-the place you hope
for-is their home. You never need say a last Good-bye ",..to such friends.


_HE pay is forty dollars a month, and a good youth is
,. 'I' sure of promotion. That is what the permanent men
at the railroad shops complain about; this place is now
Vacant because the lad your partner sent us, and who
fro, filled it worthily a year, is now placed where he gets
eighty dollars a month. So we trust you to choose his
successor. They may ask you a few questions about
the candidate for form's sake, at the office, but your
ST man is sure to pass muster."
The above was addressed by a busy railroad officer
to a city lawyer, who replied:
l "There is my friend's son, Urban Starr; his father
jl spoke to me about employment for him. To be sure,
SUrban is rather above the place as to talent and
culture, but times are hard, and the young should climb
the low rounds of the ladder. I'll see about proposing
Thank you I'll be doubly obliged if you will take
Your applicant up to the office and see him accepted."
And the railroad man hurried away.
To this conversation there had been a deeply inter,
ested but sad-hearted listener-Theodore Young, the
faithful office boy, who longed with unspeakable
desire for some such place as the one described. He
was the eldest son of a widowed mother, whom he yearned to help, and who
was so poor that forty dollars a month seemed wealth to her boy. When the
railroad man left, the lawyer turned to Theo, saying:
Here, Theo, though it isn't your work, won't you note. the dates of these
letters and file them away in order, while I write a letter for you to take up
to Mr. Starr's ? "
Theo attended carefully to the papers, and was waiting for the letter before
it was finished. A great desire was swelling in his throat till it ached, and
when the finished letter was handed to him, his request burst forth in trem-
bling eagerness:
"Do you think, sir, there is, or may be, any low place in the railroad shops
for which you would venture to recommend me ? I would begin very low and
work very hard tg deserve promotion; perhaps in years I might come to such
a place as this for Urban Starr."


"How can we spare our good, trusty Theo ? But I own, it is too bad to
keep you here. If Urban consents to apply, when I go with him you may go,
too, and I'll interview the parties about something for you."
Oh, thank you, sir," cried Theo, and he was so glad that he ran instead of
walking on his errand. A few hours later found Urban and Theo waiting in
the ante-room, while the lawyer made known his business about Urban to the
railroad officials, who said:
"Oh, yes; thank you for bringing him. The last employ your firm sent
was a treasure, and we don't need to ask questions about this one; yet there
is one essential thing I will mention. Of course you know this person, like
the last, to be strictly temperate-total abstinence pledged and practiced ?"
"No, sir, I know nothing of the kind; but on the contrary, while my friend,
Mr. Starr, is temperate, he isn't one of the total kind. There is wine for the
guests at New Year's, and Urban takes his glass like the rest."
"Excuse me, then, but he wont do for our employ. Total abstinence prin-
ciples and habits are our first requirements."
He is no drunkard. Perhaps if you see him you will think he has quali-
fications of great value to you."
It is useless for us to even see him, since we desire one who has been
from boyhood voluntarily abstinent."
"Very well; Urban Starr is above need of the place. Good-morning!
Oh, excuse me for having forgotten another matter; there is here a lad with
me-in fact, our own office boy-for whom I've promised to ask if you've any
kind of a place ever coming vacant into which you could put him with hope
of his future. We hate to lose him, for he is trusty, capable, willing, writes a
good hand, is quick at figures."
How is he on his total abstinence ?"
Oh, he is square on that. Signed the pledge when a child. Never took
a first glass. Regards a glass of wine with superstitious horror."
"Send him in, if you please; we would like to talk with him."
Theo came back to the lawyer's office radiant with joy, exclaiming, "They
say I'm just the one they want for the place you didn't take for Urban. They
only laughed when I said I feared there was some mistake. Is it all right?
Don't Urban want the situation? "
"It is all right, Theo. Please remember when you are a railroad president
that you owe your success in life to me."
This occurred (for this is true) several years ago, an'td Theo has now a salary
of fifteen hundred dollars, with the love and confidence of 1ll who know him,
while Urban is intemperate, out of employment, and a grief to his parents.



SMANUFACTURER in Philadelphia lately told a friend the
story of one of his superintendents.
"Twelve years ago a boy applied to me for work. He was
employed at low wages. Two days later the awards of pre-
miums were made to manufactories at the Centennial Ex-
"Passing down Chestnut street early in the morning, I saw
Bob poring over the bulletin-board in front of a newspaper
office. Suddenly he jerked off his cap with a shout.
"' What is the matter?' some one asked.
"' We have taken a medal for sheetings!' he exclaimed.
"I said nothing, but kept my eye on Bob. The boy who
could identify himself in two days with my interests would. be
of use to me hereafter.
"His work was to deliver packages. I found that he
took a real pride in it. His wagon must be cleaner, his horse
better fed, his orders filled more promptly than those of the
men belonging to any other firm. He was as zealous for the
S house as though he had been a partner in it. I have ad-
vanced him step by step. His fortune is made, and the firm
have added to their capital so much energy and force."
Never buy a draught horse," says the Farmers' Guide, which needs the
whip to make him pull."
We find in a Southern newspaper a remark which points the same truth in
other circumstances. A Northern man with a small capital settled ten years
ago in a town in Georgia. He established a thriving business, started a
library, a lyceum, street-cars, and a hospital, and became one of the most
popular men in the town.
When he died, last summer, the leading journal said: "The secret of the
powerful influence which this stranger acquired among us was that he never
said, 'I and mine,' but 'We and ours.' And he meant it."



__ =Ida Japanese boy of fifteen
years, who lives in the city
of Tukin, in Japan. He lives
in an old and handsome
House built of solid timber;
it has only one story, and

c l The floors are carpeted with
Stick, soft mats, and it is well
therebare so many because
Hideosabe wears only stock-
ings on his feet; his shoes, which are made of wood, are only worn in the street.
At breakfast, Hideosabe, with his father, mother and two little sisters, sits
down on a thick mat spread before a low table. A servant brings in a large
bowl of cold boiled rice, and sets it before each person, and then a dipper full
of steaming tea is brought in, and the rice saturated and heated by having
the tea poured over it. They eat this with two long, straight ivory sticks,
called chop-sticks. After the rice they have another course consisting of
slices of large pickled radishes; these are followed by more tea, and the meal
is ended.
When it is time for Hideosabe to go to school he puts on his wooden shoes,
which are fastened by a leather strap across the instep. He wears a long
loose coat of dark blue silk, an evidence of wealth, and under this a pair of
very wide linen trousers. He carries a slate and copy-book wrapped in a
square of silk. Before he has gone far many friends join him; some are men
of twice his age.
The school-house is a long, low bamboo building with glass windows, and.
rows of rough wooden benches. It has two doors, and-according to Japanese
etiquette, teachers and pupils must never enter the same door. Outside the
school-house is a building nearly as large. Two or three servants stand inside
this door, and as Hideosabe enters, he takes of his clogs, and hands them to,
a servant, who gives him a check. Then he goes into the school-room. In
this room are fire-pots, looking like little charcoal stoves, ranged along the
wall, where the teachers and students light their pipes.


The school is called to order by taps of a metal hammer on a large bell
without a tongue. What a strange country this is, where the cats have no
tails, the bells no tongues, and the people take off their shoes instead of their
hats when they enter the house.
The school consists of several hundred pupils, and a half dozen masters,
and they all talk in low tones, smoke when they like, and occasionally take
little naps on the floor if the weather is hot. School hours are from nine to
three, the only recess being a short one for tiffin, or lunch of cold boiled rice.
Then there is a half hour's practice with the fencing-master, in which all take
School being over Hideosabe hires a sort of full-grown baby-carriage drawn
by a man, and goes to spend an hour with a friend practicing gymnastics.
Some American visitors have made a pun on this vehicle, and called it a pull-
Hideosabe goes home to dinner, which is more ceremonious than breakfast
or tiffin. A small black lacquered table, only four inches high, is laid with
chop-sticks, a pair for each member of the family, who take their places on
the rugs, and are served by the neat maid who brings in little tubs of steaming
rice and pots of tea. Then follow fish, boiled eggs, lobsters and slices of
roast venison. After this is a warm drink called sake," made of fermented
rice. Now, the candles are brought in, and the pipe for the house-master.
While he smokes the mother tells stories in which they are all interested.
Later in the evening Hideosabe devotes an hour to his lessons, and then takes
a hot bath, without which no man, rich or poor, considers his day properly ended.
His bed consists of a quilt spread.on the floor, while the pillow is a wooden
box about eight inches high by four broad, and covered with a velvet cushion.
This contains all the toilet articles, a small paper lantern, and a secret drawer
for money. The neck of the sleeper is laid on the velvet cushion, and the
head rests on nothing. We say good-night to Hideosabe, feeling sure that
he will have as sweet sleep as we on our good beds.


W HEN the Hindoo priest is about to baptize an infant, he utters the
following beautiful sentiment:-" Little babe,,tlrou interest the world
weeping while all around thee smile; contrive to live that you may depart in
smiles while all around you weep."


SA merciful man is merciful to his beast."

AN ambulance driver in New York tells the following about his horse:
About two years ago he was put before an ambulance for the first
time. He was a very young horse then, and of course very frisky and unruly.,
Anything like an unnecessary noise seemed to excite him so that it was a
difficult matter to manage him at .all. When hurrying through the streets,
the noise of the gong had various effects on him. At one time, he would tear
along at a rate that threatened destruction to the ambulance and death to all
in it; and it seemed an utter impossibility to check him. At another time he
would stubbornly refuse to move faster than a walk, in spite of all the beating

that we might give him. To find some cure for this unruliness became a
source of endless anxiety to us. We tried several plans, but each one proved
a signal failure, Finally, we discovered an effective method by mere accident.
One day, we were about starting off to get an injured man, when I left Bill
for a moment standing near the curb-stone, in charge of my little boy. When
I came back, ready to go, Bill was quietly eating some oats that the little
fellow was feeding him from his hands. I waited and allowed him to finish
eating what the boy had, and then got in the ambulance and drove off. Well,
I had no trouble at all on that trip in getting Bill to go good. Of course, I
laid it all to the oats; but the rest of the fellows laughed at me when I told
them of it. Still, I was not to be discouraged in that way; so the next day I
tried feeding him just previous to starting. But Bill cut up as badly as ever,
and it was with difficulty that I got my patient safely to the hospital. After
this defeat, I thought much over the matter, and tried to devise some other
means of conquering Bill of his bad habit. I liked the horse, and hated to
part with him; and yet things could not go on as they had been going, for I
was running a great risk every time I drove him. Soon after this, I stood
patting Bill on the neck and feeding him with my hands, when word came
that a man had been injured down town. I started immediately; and, strange
to say, I never drove a more docile horse. I then became convinced that
Bill's good behavior and oats had some very intimate connection, but just
what that connection was I could not say. But, as I eventually discovered, it
depended simply on the manner in which you fed him. My boy had given
him his oats out of his own hands; but in my first trial, I had merely set them
before him in a measure. The second time I remembered, I had also fed him
with my hands. This led me to believe that he liked to be petted and thought
much of. Convinced of this, I made the trial of feeding him from my hand;
it worked to perfection, and we have obtained perfectly satisfactory work from
Bill ever since."
I HAD a little pony; Two. little blackbirds
They called him dapple gray, Sitting on a rail,
I lent him to a lady, One named Jack,
To ride a mile away. The other named Jill.
Fly away, Jack!
She whipped him, she slashed him, Fly away, Ji
SMFly away, Jill!
She rode him through the mire; Cone back, Jack!
I would not lend my pony now, Come back, Jill!
.'or all the lady's hire. [Played with pieces of paper stuck to fingers.]


HE native Australians live in
hollow trees, made so by bor-
ing them out with fire. Ordinarily
their food consists of shell-fish
or bruised ants and grass, or they
would make a hook out of a piece
of oyster shell and fasten a line to
it and catch fish. They are filthy
beasts, and covered with lice.
They are the most degraded peo-
ple in the world. They are black,
and have frizzled hair like negroes,
and very lean arms and legs.
Their principal ornament is the
bone which they thrust through
the nose, which makes them look
very funny, and you can't help
laughing every time you see one.
They also tattoo their skin with
all sorts of devices, and they have
a habit of inflicting gashes on
themselves, and then filling the cut
with wood-ashes which would
make nasty scars, causing ridges
to appear all over the body. A
gentleman, who spent many years
in Australia, said that he was present once when the tribe was mourning the
death of one of its members. They all sat in a circle around a fire perfectly
quiet. After a while one began moaning, and gradually they all joined in;
then the one who first started the chorus began to strike himself all over the
body with a sharp instrument, and soon the entire party were shrieking and
making a terrible noise, and wounding themselves in the most fearful manner.
This continued a long while, till they were all exhausted. The next day they
dressed their wounds with mud, and went around as usual as if nothing had
happened. This old fellow in the picture looks quite peaceably disposed; but
you can't tell what these wild people will do once they are aroused.


ing his father to
their home at Grand
Island, his father being
somewhat intoxicated, the
canoe got into the current
quite near the falls. The
brave boy exerted himself
to the utmost, until he came
near to Iris Island, and the
canoe was driven in be-
tween the little islands
called the Sisters. They
were in the greatest dan,
ger of going over the
precipice which forms the
Horseshoe Fall. A dash
of the waves capsized the
NIAGARA FALLS. canoe, and they were strug.
gling in the water. The boy caught his father by the coat-collar, and
dragged him to a place of safety. When they reached the shore the boy
fainted, and his father was completely sobered. The canoe was dashed to
pieces on the rocks.

ROUND the wood, and round the
wood, and never goes into the wood ?
-A vine on a tree.
ALL holes, full of holes, and yet
holds water ?-A sponge.

WHY is your shadow like a false
friend?-It follows you only in sun-
WHO is that lady whose visits no-
body wishes ?-Miss Fortune.

:0: -

LITTLE Jack Horner sat in a corner,
Eating a Christmas pie;
He put in his thumb, and he took out
a plum,
And said, What a good boy am I !"

TOM, Tom, the piper's son,
Stole a pig and away he run;
The pig was eat,
And Tom was beat,
And Tom ranl. trying down the street;


OURS is a town of prairie dogs;
We dig our palaces in the ground;
. And pop!i we enter, like leaping frogs,
Beside each door a mound,
Where we can watch and bask in the sun,
Chattinga together till day is done,
Neighborl .y, merry, every one.

The galloping Indian reins aside
From the pitfalls of the wish-ton-wish;
Owls and rattlesnakes with us -abide.
( Pretty kettle of fish!i")
Antelope feed on our grass dew-pearled,
Wild horses stampede with manes unfurled,
And hunted buffalo shake our world.

But a stranger thing has come at last,-
An iron horse, that would make you quail,
With fiery breath goes raging past,
All eyes along his tail.
I am a hero; I brave the train,
Bark at the monster with might and main, 1;
And send him snorting, over the plain. z 'Ilar


IF one could
gather to-
gether all the
means of trav-
el used in dif-
ferent parts
of the world,
what a curious
collection it
would be! In
Venice they
use boats call-
ed gondolas;
in China, a
Consisting of
a single wheel,
with a person
on each side to balance it. Suppose one side were heavier than the other,
would it not be funny to see them tumble over? Sometimes they use a sail
to help push the wheel-barrow along. Just imagine such a contrivance coming
down the main street! Would not the boys be out in full force to see what
the strange contrivance was ? In Lapland, a part of Russia, Iceland, and the
northern part of America, the Esquimaux use dogs attached to a sled. They
use no reins, but direct the animals by using the whip and calling to them.


T HE Japanese are very much
like their neighbors, the Chi-
nese; but the resemblance is more
in the color of their skin and the
way they dress. It is only within
the last thirty years that Ameri-
cans and Englishmen have been
allowed to enter the Mikado's
empire; but the people are very
quick to learn, and when General
Grant visited them, ten years ago,
he found railroads, telegraphs,
and everything that you are ac-
customed to seeing every day.
They are very fond of flowers,
and their country is called the
"flowery kingdom," on that ac-
count. One flower, that perhaps
you have often seen and know all
about, the Camelia, grows forty
feet high there.
Thirty-five years ago a vessel
visited one of their ports, and the
captain and part of his officers
and crew went ashore; but they
took good care to stay near their
boat. The Japanese, however,
treated them so nicely that they
were easily persuaded to visit the
-castle the next day. The captain
and all his officers went to the
castle, when they were quickly
seized, and their hands, arms, lergs
and feet tied; and they were put .
in jail, and kept prisoners a long JAPANESE LADY.
while.. When Commodore Perry, of the United States Navy, visited that

country a few years afterward, he was treated much better; but, whenever the
party approached a village, the women all scampered away. The interpreter,
when spoken to about it, lied, and said the women were modest and afraid.
But Perry told the interpreter that it wasn't so. The guide laughed, because
to be able to lie and not be caught is considered something to be proud of.
The Japanese women are quite pretty, but very small, being less than five feet
high. They dress in silk and cotton. Their clothes are made like that in the
picture. They paint their faces, shave off their eyebrows, and blacken their
teeth; they think this makes them prettier. They are very social, and have
Where they have
music, card-
Splaying, and do
11111,1,pretty much as
d fr we do. Their
furniture is very
man o coscanty. They
T spread mats on
the floor, and at
night bring out
pillows and bed-
covers, open
Screens, which
d divide the
Room into com-
partments, and
lie on the floor
and sleep. In
JAPANESE FAMILY. the morning
they put away their pillows and bedclothes, fold up their screens, sweep the
floor, and their housework is done. They are great readers, and the number
of novels printed each year is wonderful. They are printed from wooden
blocks, and they use one side only of the paper because it is so thin, as it is
made from the bark of a tree. The very poorest and commonest kind of
people there both read and write, which is more than can be said of a great
many other countries.
Their principal product is rice, which takes the place of bread. They also
grow oranges, lemons, peaches, plums, figs, chestnuts, apples, and something


else you all know about, which mother puts in your clothes to keep out the
moths. I hear you all say, Camphor." Well, you are right; it is made from
the gum of an evergreen tree.
They have gold, silver and copper mines, and make steel and porcelain.
You will find there cats and dogs, sheep, goats, horses, oxen, hogs, etc.
The better classes of the Japanese wear wide trousers and swords. The
men are about five feet high, and the women between four and five feet.
Their walk is very funny, as they wear high-heeled clogs, and turn their toes
in, which makes them waddle.

WHY is a shoe-black like an editor ?-Because he polishes the understand-
ings of his patrons.

WHEN did Moses sleep five in a bed ?-When he slept with his forefathers.


WHY is a man looking for a philosopher's stone like Neptune ?-Because he
is sea-king what never was.

WHY is the letter K like a pig's tail ?-Because it is the end of pork.


WHERE can happiness always be found ?-In the Dictionary.

WHAT is the color of a grass-plat covered with snow ?-Invisible green.


STRICTLY speaking how many days are there in a year ?-Three hundred
and twenty-five-forty are Lent, and never returned.


How many dog-days are there in a year?-Three hundred and sixty-five:
every dog has its day.

WHY does a miller wear a white hat ?-To keep his head warm.

[7 *

- 4~

----- '" ,,,r':'m,, b"

t nl
*'I ,_- i'1'B1;


,,'* ,* ,'
i e,.

S, V 9 < M- '
r1 'i*

'y nae was obert i, wen I saile. .
"My name was -Robert Ksdd, when I sailed4.


Y name was Robert Kidd, when I sailed, when
I sailed,
My name was Robert Kidd, when I sailed,
My name was Robert Kidd, and so wickedly
I did -

I should say so! Robert Kid might as well confess,
since all the village was knowing to the caper he cut
up. Our Robert was not Kidd the pirate, but a modern
kid, with a goat mother.
From his very babyhood he had a talent for breaking or undoing
his rope, and making off.
One day he got loose and ambled off unseen down the steep
bank to the river-side. There a boat was hitched, and on a seat
of the boat lay some clothing. Robert knew a garment when he
saw it. He had eaten one suit from our clothes-line, where
it was hung out to air.
Robert leaped into the boat, and began at the collar to devour
the coat. The canvas in the collar just suited his appetite.
By barely turning his head he could add to his feast a taste
of old rope. That was the rope the boat was tied with, and it
presently dropped apart. Robert was too busy with the clothes to
notice that the boat was drifting out on the mill-pond. As he sailed,
S ."


as he sailed, there was danger ahead. The mill-
dam was only a short distance below. Most
likely if he went over the falls he would be done
feeding on clothes and gnawing ropes. ;
Then there went up a lusty shout:- -; '^ i
"Help! Help Somebody come quick !"
A bov standing waist-deen in water, not far from where the

boat had started, wildly waved his arms, calling at the
of his voice. He had discovered that Robert Kid had st
his clothes while he was enjoying a bath.
Nobody seem- ing to hear his cries for assistance,
struck out and swam for the boat, which was no
for the falls. But the great matter was, that tl
left the boy nothing to put on.
He was a stout lad, and the best swim
the boys of the village. ]
he had not time to consid
/ he ran. The thought m
,ll, struck him helpless from fright.
S''" from the near- est h(
not come screami
Shore a minute
he might have "
caught the scare
and sunk like a piece of lead.
"I was bound to have my clothes,"
was the lad's reply to those who met
the boat as he brought it to land.
And there he sat, gripping the oars,
S with his recovered clothing wrapped
about him in a very odd fashion.
S As the four-legged passenger skipped
S ashore and made tracks for home, the boy sang out,-
"Do that thing again, and, as sure as your name
is Robert Kid, I'll pitch you overboard."
'I k


the bather
w heading
he robbery

mer among
t was well
er the risk
light have
The people
uses did
ng to the
sooner, or




W ITHIN the past few years accounts have been published of at least two
musical mountains: one in Colorado, the other in one of the western
territories; but no one could explain the cause of the musical sounds.
The following description is given of a musical mountain located not far
from Mount Sinai:
"Jebel Nagus receives its name from certain curious sounds which proceed
from it, and which are supposed to resemble those of the wooden gong used
in Eastern churches in lieu of bells. The mountain is composed of white,
soft sandstone, and filling a large gully in the side facing west-south-west, is a
slope of fine drift-sand about three hundred and eighty feet in height, eighty

yards wide at the base, and tapering toward the top, where it branches off into
three or four narrow gullies. The sand lies at so high an angle to the
horizon, nearly thirty degrees, and is so fine and dry, as to be easily set in
motion from any point in the slope, or even by scraping away a portion from
its base. When this is done, the sand rolls down with a sluggish, viscous
motion, and it is then the sound begins-at first a low vibratory moan, but
gradually swelling out into a roar like thunder, and as gradually dying away
again, until the sand has ceased to roll. The sound seemed like air entering
the mouth of a large metal vessel, and I could produce an imitation of it on a
small scale, by turning my flask at a certain angle of the wind. We found
the heated surface much more sensitive to sound than the cooler layers
beneath, and that those parts of the slope which had laid long undisturbed
produced a much louder and more lasting sound than those which had re-
cently been set in motion, thus showing that the phenomenon is purely local
and superficial, and due in some manner to the combined effects of heat and
friction. A faint sound could also be produced by sweeping portions of the
sand rapidly forward with the arm; and this caused such a peculiar tingling
sensation in the operator's arm, as to suggest that some electrical influence
was also at work. When a large quantity of the sand was set in motion, and
the sound was at its height, a powerful vibration was felt, and straws stuck
into the sand trembled visibly. The inclination of the slope is the 'angle of
rest' of the sand in its normal condition; but excessive heat or drought, wind,
animals running over the slope, falling rocks and many other causes, might
act as a disturbing element. In any of these cases the sound would occur, and
its spontaneous production, which has caused so much speculation, may be
therefore easily accounted for. Besides the large slide there is a narrow slope
to the north; and part of this being in shade the whole day long during the
winter months, afforded us an opportunity of determining the comparative
sensitiveness of the heated and cool sand. We found that the sand on the
cool, shaded portion, at a temperature of sixty-two degrees, produced but a
very faint sound when set in motion; while that on the more exposed parts,
at a temperature of one hundred and three degrees, gave forth a loud and
often startling noise."


THOMAS COOPER was a hun-
S ter and trapper, and for many
years wandered about the country
in search of game. He married
at last a pretty young woman, and
settled near a squatter's farm.
Tom remained at home for some
time, in order to make a com-
afortable home for his young wife;
but, becoming discontented, re-
Ssumed his old life, leaving old
Nero, a hound, to protect his wife.
Se One cold morning Susan was,
awakened by the loud barking of
Nero, and, hastily dressing, she
S b k b called the dog, which carried some-
thing heavy and dark in his mouth,
and ..: and on coming nearer she saw it
was a little Indian child which
Nero had killed. She examined the ground about the house, and found the-
print of a small foot with a moccasin on, and concluded that the mother was-
carrying her child when the dog attacked her. So she buried the body of
the child near the house.
Tom came home soon after, but only stayed a few days, and went away,
saying he might be gone a month or more. About two days after he had
gone Susan heard Nero scratching at the door, and opening it found the two
deerhounds her husband had taken with him. She ran as fast as she could
to the squatter's cabin, and tried to persuade the man and his two sons to go,
in search of her husband, but they compelled her to wait until morning. She
was determined to go with them, and the party followed the trail. About
noon one of the hounds rushed into a thicket. They followed, and found the,
dead body of his master, killed by an Indian arrow. They buried him, and
set out on the trail and came to the remains of a fire. They crossed a river,
and saw again the print of the small feet. They still followed the dog until,
he stopped at the foot of a tree, which had a hollow about half way up. They
chopped it down, when a young squaw fell to the ground. They picked her


up, and carried her to the river, and washed her wounds. Then they con-
tinued their journey, until they came to their hut. Susan begged them to
leave the Indian woman with her to nurse, and they consented. She was
delirious, and often frightened Susan with her wild ravings. She gradually
recovered, and one morning Susan missed her; she searched for her all
around, but could find nothing of her.
A few years passed away. Susan was awakened one night by a quick knock,
and called to ask who was there. A voice said: "Quick! Quick! and she
knew the Indian woman she had nursed was there. She opened the door,
and the squaw dragged Susan out of the hut into the forest, which they had
no sooner reached when they heard the horrid yells of the Indians. She
stayed there several hours, and saw the flames of her dwelling above the
trees, and heard the whoops of the Indians as they went away. The Indian
woman came back to her bringing a bag of money which Susan's husband
had left, and waving her hand was out of sight among the trees.
Susan started for the squatter's cabin, and, telling her story, the squatter
and his two sons went to the spot, where they found only ashes.
Susan lived with the Wiltons after this, and was like a daughter to the old
man and sister to the sons.


SNCE there was a young shepherd who wanted to marry, and though he
Knew three sisters, all of them equally pretty, he did not know which to
choose. So he asked the advice of his mother, who told him to ask them all
to supper, and to give them cheese and see how they cut it. The oldest ate
rind and all; the next cut the rind off, but some good cheese with it; but 'the
youngest pared the rind off carefully. So the young shepherd took the
youngest for his wife, and they lived contented and happy the rest of their

[THE following is a game played as follows: A string of boys and girls, each holding by his predecessor's skirts,
approaches two others, who with joined and elevated hands form a double arch. After the dialogue, the line passes
through, and the last is caught by a sudden lowering of the arms-if possible.]
How many miles is it to Babylon ?- Yes, and back again I
Threescore miles and ten. If your heels are pimble and light,
Can I get there by candle-light ?- You may get there by candle-light.


N O doubt many of you
have read how our
great men have been poor
boys, and after they were
grown, became tired of wear-
ing poor clothes, and earning
barely enough to live on, and
determined to obtain an edu-
cation and make something of
You have heard how Abra-
ham Lincoln when he was a
boy did the roughest kind of
farm-work, and when he was
older split rails.
General Garfield used to
drive horses or mules that
towed a canal boat, and it is
a singular fact that nearly all
our great men have come
from the country.
In this picture you see a
boy on his way to the village
store to exchange the products
of the garden for sugar and
other necessaries that they
cannot raise. What a bright happy face he has! It shows the firm deter-
mination of a lad who is bound to make his way in the world.
When Judge Chase was a boy, he was told to scald a hog that had just
been killed. Young Chase put the hog in a boiler full of hot water that sat
over the fire, and waited for the hairs to fall off; but, unfortunately, he allowed
the hog to remain in the water too long, and the hairs became set. What to
do he did not know; but, finally, he bethought him of his brother's razor,
which he got, and set to work and shaved the hog. It is needless to say the
razor was fit for nothing else afterward. Judge Chase became Secretary of
the Treasury of the United States under President Lincoln.



F ATHER, what are those great sheds for by the side of the
river? See, there are great ships under them, only with-
out any masts."
"Those are ships being built, my son, and the sheds are to
keep the wood from getting wet."
"Why, that is taking useless trouble, for the ships are always
in the water after they are built."
"True; but if the wood is put together when wet, it soon
becomes rotten."
"But, father, how can they put those great ships in the
water ?"
"If you look, you will see that the ground on which they
stand is sloping."
"Yes; but how can a ship slide down a slope without up-


setting ? The keel of a ship, you know, father, is quite narrow,
so how can they balance such a great thing on so narrow a
bottom ?"
When the ship is finished," said his father, they contrive
to support it, not on the keel, but on a great frame of wood,
the top of which is fixed to each side of the ship, and the lower
part of the frame rests on long sloping pieces of timber, which
extend some distance into the water. This frame is called the
cradle of a ship, and the long pieces of timber the launch-ways.
The cradle rests upon the ways-but mind, it is not fastened
to them. The upper surface of the ways is well greased, so
that the cradle may slide easily along them. When it is wished
to put the ship into the water, the props and blocks of wood
which supported it while it was building are knocked away,
and then the ship rests upon the cradle, but is kept from slid-
ing down by a few props called dog-shores. At the appointed
hour these dog-shores are also knocked away and the ship slides
gently into the water."
0, how I wish I could see a ship launched," said George.
"It is, indeed, an interesting scene, and in ancient times was
regarded as a season of great mirth and festivity. But in late
times the launching of a ship has become a matter of so common
occurrence that it excites, in general, but very little attention.
People turn out, perhaps a thousand or two, just to see it, and
then return peaceably to their homes."
"But tell me, father, how they used to show their mirth
at the launching of a ship ?"
The sailors who were present at the launch were dressed
for the occasion and crowned with wreaths. The ship, too,
was bedecked with streamers and garlands. As soon as she
was fairly afloat she was purified, as the ceremony was called,
by means of a lighted torch, an egg, and some brimstone. You
have observed that many vessels have on their prow, a carved
image of a man or woman, called a figure-head. Among the
ancients it was customary to represent by the figure-head the
god they worshipped, and they usually consecrated the ship to

~;-.4 o"


this god. Sometimes in our days, and especially in Europe,
they have great feasting and merriment; but instead of the
torch, the egg, and brimstone, the oldest sailor on board breaks
a bottle of some liquid-water among temperance folks-and
pours it over the head of the figure."
"But is a vessel ready for sea as soon as launched ?" said
"By no means. The hull of the vessel is completed, and
sometimes the masts are put in, but not always. After it is
launched it has to be rigged. When the ropes, and spars, and
sails, are all put up, and the ship spreads her canvas to the
breeze, she is one of the most graceful objects in the world."


HOW gloriously her gallant course she goes;
Her white wings. flying never from her foes;
She walks the waters like a thing of life,
And seems to dare the elements to strife.

" `. i

~ ---







LITTLE Joe's mother died during his babyhood, and his father, who was a
doctor, realized that the boy would most likely be whatever, by God's
blessing, he chose to make him, which he hoped ultimately would be a
whole man; so he set conscientiously to work for that result.
Dr. Benner was sometimes called eccentric; but those who knew him con-
sidered him more sagacious than peculiar.
Joe had been trained to the saddle from a child; he also knew how to load
and discharge a gun, to row and manage a sail-boat, and was a capital swim-
mer; he also knew the use of the saw and axe, and many other tools.
One fine morning in vacation, several of Joe's playmates came for him to
go into the woods for a frolic; but Joe said: Can't; I must ride Black Harry
round the pasture till he is tired, and stops racing; then I must ride him along
the road as far as the post-office."
"Well," said Ben, one of the boys, "I'm sorry for a fellow who can't have
his freedom such a glorious morning as this. Can't you go to-morrow, if it's
No, got to saw wood; but I can do whatever I like all the long afternoons.
Father thinks boys should learn to do all sorts of useful things."
"Well, it's too bad," said the boys; "but we must be off, or the robins will
get the berries before we get there."
Black Harry was a splendid young horse, raised on the place, somewhat
strong-headed, but trustworthy, if judiciously handled.
Joe received the mail, and soon afterwards stood watching his father examin-
ing it. One missive proved to be a circular of bicycles.
Joe said: Oh, father, how I do wish I could have a bicycle!"
You may have one just as soon as you earn it," his father replied.
Joe thought that rather discouraging, and said that Ben Low's father was
going to give him a bicycle, and that Ben had all day to spend as he liked.
"And his father gives him no tasks ? asked the doctor.
"Well," replied Joe, Ben did say that he hid until his father left in the
morning, for fear he would give him a task."
"My son," said Dr. Benner, "if for any reason I neglect to give you a task,
and you see anything you think ought to be done, I wish to feel that I can
rely on you to do it."
There was to be a convention of medical men in the city, thirty miles dis-
tant, on the third of July. Dr. Benner was to leave home on the third, and


return on the afternoon of the Fourth of July; and the next day the doctor
had planned to take Black Harry to a cattle-show and horse-fair, and place
the beautiful animal on exhibition for the day.
He left no tasks for Joe, saying he could pass the time as he wished.
The boys planned a grand picnic, and had quite a nice feast prepared.
Joe ate his breakfast leisurely the next morning, packed his basket, and
started to meet the boys. He was running across the pasture, when a loud
whinnying caused him to stop. Black Harry came slowly up, and held up one
hoof, from which the shoe was hanging nearly off.
Oh, dear! exclaimed Joe; "what made you show that to me now? I
can't help you,-old boy, indeed I can't."
What could be done? John, the doctor's man, had gone to make a little
visit, and the only other man-a farm hand-could not/be trusted with Harry;
and Joe knew it would be a great disappointment to his father should any-
thing prevent his taking his horse to the fair the next morning.
Just then Ben Low and the rest of the boys rushed along, baskets in hand,
all ready to start.
Then flashed through Joe's mind his father's words the morning before.
There was a short conflict. Then Joe said: "I can't go, boys." So they, after
trying in vain to persuade him to go, left him.
Joe remembered that his father had said, that whoever'went next to the

~W\~--- t


- t

blacksmith's should take the hatchet and have an edge put on it. He took it
with him, together with a small lunch, and rode Black Harry very carefully,
and at last reached the blacksmith's, where there were many horses waiting
to be shod.
At four o'cloclci'n the afternoon Joe started for home. One topic of con-
versation he had heard during the day was about the long train which was, to
Spring the doctors home. One man remarked that he hoped Ben Low would
keep his wits about him in signalling and switching. Joe noted this with an
uneasy sensation.
The switch-tender's little station was still two miles further; but for Black
Harry, after standing still so long, it was the merest run, and in a short time
Joe came unexpectedly on the switch-tender himself, lying flat on the ground
in a heavy sleep. Joe shouted and called; but could not waken him. Hastily


slipping from Black Harry's back, and securing him, he shook Mr. Low by
the shoulder, and asked him about the switch, but could not get an intelligent
answer. He realized the situation, and knew the train must be stopped, and
there was not a minute to lose. For three minutes he thought, and then put
Black Harry to his utmost speed. A mile ahead was a large knoll, and he
knew, if he could only gain that, he might rig up some kind of a signal and
warn them in time, his father among the rest.
He reached the spot, again fastened Black Harry, and climbed the first tree
he came to, grasped his hatchet in his hand, and chopped off a long, firm
Tearing off his checked blouse, he tied it firmly with his handkerchief to the
end of the long, willowy pole, and, mounting Black Harry, he waved his signal,
as the train came round the curve, only a quarter of a mile distant. In his
excitement, as the train swept by, he shouted at the top of his voice: "Stop!
Oh, stop For Heaven's sake, stop, I say! Then he heard the sharp whistle,
and saw the brakeman hastily twisting the metals, and raced after the train.
An hour later, when the danger was past, the grateful passengers tried to
force upon Joe a generous gift, but his father was not willing to have him
accept it; but the people would have their way, and went off leaving their gift
in Joe's hands.
That night, after telling his father the events of the day, Joe added: "I sup-
pose I can use some of my present for a bicycle, can't I ? "
No, my son," said Dr. Benner, "the bank will be the best place for that;
but I shall buy you a bicycle myself in a day or two, because I think you have
earned one. You lost your holiday sport, but saved your honor as to trust-

RIDE a cock-horse to Shrewsbury cross,
To buy little Johnnie a galloping horse:
It trots behind, and it ambles before,
And Johnny shall ride-till he can ride no more.


RIDE a cock-horse to Banbury cross,
To see what Tommy can buy;
A penny white loaf, and a penny white cake, I
And a two-penny apple pie.


HE little village of Grand
_- -)- Pre lay in a beautiful
valley, where were fields
of flax, corn, and orchards. The
houses of the inhabitants were
built in a substantial manner
of oak and chestnut, with
thatched roofs. The farmers
lived peacefully together, and
neither locked their doors nor
barred their windows.
At some distance from the
village lived the wealthiest far-
mer, whose name was Benedict
Bellefontaine. He had only
one child, named Evangeline,
and all in the village loved her.
; 0 [iil She had many suitors, but the
R favored one was young Gabriel,
the son of Basil the blacksmith,
I.', who had been a friend. of
1 V. Benedict from childhood. The
S1'lchildren had grown up like
brother and sister; they had
Sp sung the hymns at church out
It., -. _of the same book, and Father
Felician, who was priest and
teacher both, had taught them
their letters.
When the harvest was over
the winds whistled through the
forest, and all the signs fore-
told a long and severe winter. Bees had filled their hives with honey till
they had overflowed, and the Indian hunters marked the thick fur on the
foxes. As the season advanced the shepherds came from the sea-side with
the sheep, and the cattle came back to the homestead, and foremost came


Evangeline's beautiful snow-white heifer, wearing a bell tied to her neck with
a ribbon. In the house, by the great fire-place, the farmer sat in his elbow-
chair watching the flames and smoke as they rolled gracefully up the chimney,
and smoking his pipe. Evangeline was seated near him spinning. As they
sat there they heard footsteps, and, lifting the wooden latch, Basil the black-
smith entered with his son Gabriel. After they were seated Basil spoke of
the English ships lying in the harbor, and of the cannon pointed towards the
village, and that the next day they were all commanded to meet at the church
to hear the proclamation of the king. While they were talking the notary
entered with the contract for their children to be signed, and,'when that was
over, he drunk their health in good home-brewed ale, and took his leave.
The evening passed pleasantly away, and the guests went to their homes.
The next morning was the feast of betrothal, and many came with fond wishes,
and to dance in the orchard to the music of old Michael the fiddler. About
noon the bell rung and a drum beat to summon them to the church, when an
officer from the vessel proclaimed that all their lands, their dwellings, and
cattle of all kinds were forfeited to the crown, and they themselves must be
transported to other lands as prisoners.
Four days later the women had gathered their household goods together
and driven them in wagons to the beach, where everything was in great confu-
sion. Towards evening the men were marched from the church, and taken on
board the ships. On looking back to bid farewell to their native village, they
saw it all in flames. In the excitement Benedict fell lifeless to the ground.
With the turn of the tide they were all hurried on board the vessels, and they
sailed out of the harbor.
Years passed away; the exiles wandered from city to city, and among them
was Evangeline, searching for Gabriel. She at last heard he had gone West,
and, accompanied by Father Felician, sailed with a band of exiles down the
Mississippi, and landed at a small town, where a horseman came to meet them,
and they found in him their old friend Basil, who took them to his home. He
told them that Gabriel had gone to the Ozark mountains to hunt for furs, and
they all started in search of him, and after some days stopped at the camp of
the Indian Mission, and learned that Gabriel had stopped there, but had gone
to the north, and would return in the autumn; so Evangeline remained there,
and Basil went home. A rumor came that Gabriel had gone to the lakes of
St. Lawrence; so Evangeline followed to the forests of Michigan, and found
the hunter's lodge deserted. ,
Long years went by, and at last she came to the city of Philadelphia,

founded by William Penn, and lived as a Sister of Mercy, and went among the
sick day and night. Then a pestilence came, and one Sabbath she went to the
almshouse, and moved noiselessly among the sick and dying. Suddenly she
uttered a cry. An old gray-haired man lay before her, and she saw the
features of her long lost Gabriel, and knelt beside him. He tried to speak
her name, but was unable; and Evangeline kissed his dying lips and pressed
his lifeless head to her bosom.

ILLIE stood looking into the cage where a little bird
If llay dead. Little Dick had lived in the ivy that grew
Over the house, but the gardener cut the ivy and had
thrown the nest with three birds in it on the ground.
STwo were killed, but Tillie's nurse picked up little Dick
.- and put him in a cage, and fed him and gave him some
SThey got chickweed for him, and gave him some
-sugar, and he hopped about the cage. Nurse and
Tillie talked about birds and how they loved their little
ones, and made nests for them, and taught them how to
,Jls^ ifly. When Tillie went to bed, she dreamed about birds
'P1J which flew about in a garden and sang to her. She
l looked in the cage the first thing in the morning, but
Dick had died in the night. Then they put him in a
box, dug a grave in the garden, and buried poor Dick.
Tillie was almost inconsolable for the loss of her bird,
and to comfort her her mother bought a beautiful little
ii yellow canary, which she grew quite fond of, and petted
,"- it until it was so tame it would come out of its cage and
Slight on her shoulder. One day, when it was out, Kitty
came slyly into the window, and before Tillie could pre-
vent her had caught the bird and killed it; so Tillie
determined she would never have any more pets. But she afterwards changed
her mind; and she had a handsome white rabbit which followed her all about,
and she thought even more of him than she had of her birds.
My first is found in every country of the globe, my second is what we all
should be, my whole is the same as my first.-Man-kind.


W HEN I was a little girl, years and years ago, I lived in the city. My
home was a brick house three stories high, with white marble steps
and close white shutters to the windows of the first story. In front of the
house was a brick pavement, and two beautiful maple-trees shaded both house
and pavement. At the back of the house was a tiny yard about as large as a
good-sized bedroom, with a brick-paved path all around a little grass-plot the
size of a counterpane in the centre. And that back yard, with its grass-plot,
vines, and flower-pots, was all I knew of flower-gardens and fields, and that
shaded street gave me almost my onlyidea of a grove. One summer mamma's
health was very poor, and the doctor said she must go to the country for a
few months. It was of course understood if she went I must go, as I was an
only child. So papa engaged board for us at a farm-house not so far from
the city but that he could spend Sunday with us. I think that was the hap-
piest summer I ever passed. Mamma seemed to enjoy herself, too, and her
health improved wonderfully. I got many a ride in the cart or wagon with
the farmer, whom I learned to respect very much in spite of his working-
clothes. I used to sit by the hour under the willow down in the meadow,
fishing in the clear stream that ran dancing along its banks, fringed with rushes
and forget-me-nots. But of all these pleasures I think I enjoyed apple-gather-
ing as much as anything. I would go out with the two young ladies of the
family, and we would find in the orchard a ladder and baskets all ready for
our use; one of us would mount the ladder, and sometimes climb up into the
tree itself, and hand down the fruit to the two below, who would place it care-
fully in the baskets. It was mounting the ladder and climbing the trees that
made this work so enjoyable to me. I soon learned to do it readily; I was so
much smaller and lighter than the others that I could venture farther out on
the limbs to reach the fruit, besides my short skirts being less likely to get
entangled in the branches. It soon became a settled thing that I should do
the climbing. I have spent my summers in the country ever since. Now I
am a grown woman and have a home of my own, which is, of course, in the
country, and I live in it in the winter as well as in the summer. To be sure,
it is sometimes cold and blustering here in the winter, but then it cannot be
much better in the city at the same time, and it is so often damp, sloppy, and
disagreeable there. Besides, there are no birds in the city in the winter, while
here the snow-birds and chippys and robins and blue-birds and cedar-birds
keep us almost as lively during the winter as in the summer.





N California a horse can be purchased from the Indians for four or five
dollars, and no one takes long walks but the hunter, and he is carried in
his canoe a long way before he gets to the forest, in which are found trees
of gigantic size, some of which have trunks of twenty feet or more in diameter,
which grow to the height of three hundred feet. There are ten groves of se-
quoia in the State, some of which are four hundred and fifty feet in height, and
one hundred and sixteen feet in circumference. The engraving shows how
large they are compared with the other trees, and how small the horse and
man appear beside them.
The Indians use a lasso made of bullock's hide, or thongs twisted into a
small rope, with a noose formed by a running-knot at the end. One end is

fastened to the back of the saddle; the entire length is kept in a coil in the
right hand, and, if a traveller doesn't look out, one of these may be thrown
over his head, pulled tight around his body, and he drawn off his horse into
the bush to be robbed.
A hunter was once going through a valley with a large pack of furs on his
back, his rifle in his hand, and two dogs by his side. He was joined by a
merchant, who was only armed with sword and pistols. They were hardly
out of the valley when a party of robbers appeared. There were four whites,
and two Indians with lassos. The hunter and his companion jumped into a
thicket behind some large trees. While they were doing this, several shots
were fired at them. The hunter fired his rifle, and an Indian dropped from
his horse. He fired again, and another fell. He still fired, until only one


robber was left, and he started off, when a pistol-ball from the merchant shot
the horse from under him. As soon as the robber could get from under his
horse, he took to his heels, and the hunter after him; and with one more shot
the last robber fell. On searching his pockets, he found money and valuables
taken from some other traveller. They mounted the horses, and left the
bodies of the robbers to the wolves.


WHY is a pig with a curly continua-
tion like the ghost of Hamlet's father?
-Because he could a tale unfold.
WHAT is the newest thing in stock-
ings ?-The baby's foot.
WHY is a coward like a leaky bar-
rel ?-They both run.
WHEN does a dog become larger
and smaller?-When let out at night,
and taken in Li the morning.
Why are tallest people the laziest?
-Because they are always longer in
bed than others.
WHY was Job always cold in bed ?
-Because he had such miserable
WHAT Soup would cannibals prefer?
-The broth of a boy.
WHAT is the proper length for
ladies' crinoline ?-A little above two
WHY is a dyer's life an enigma ?-
Because he lives when he dyes, and
dyes when he lives.
WHAT is the greatest affair of the
heart known to science ?-The circu-
lation of the blood.
WHEN is a boy not a boy ?-When
he is a regular brick.

WHO dares to sit before the Queen
with his hat on ?-The coachman.
WHAT relation is a door mat to a
doorstep ?-A step-farther."
WHY is a defeated army like wool?
-Because it is worsted.
WHO was the first person in history
who had a bang on the forehead ?-
WHY is a miss not as good as a
mile ?-Because a miss has only two
feet, and a mile 5280.
WHY is it right that B should come
before C ?-Because we must B before
we can C.
WHAT gives a cold, cures a cold,
and pays the doctor's bill ?-A draft.
WHAT is that which a rich man
wants, a poor man has, a miser
spends, a spendthrift saves, and we
all take it with us to the grave ?-
WHAT is the difference between
charity ind a tailor?-One covers a
multitude of sins, the other a multi-
tude of sinners.
WHEN is a doctor most annoyed ?-
When he is out of patients.


ONCE heard the following storyabout
a cat: One day she had kittens, and
they drowned them all but one. This one
soon died. But poor Puss found out
where there was another cat in the neigh-
borhood who had kittens, and went and
stole one.
It is not everybody who is fond of cats;
but, in return, some people are very fond of
them, indeed. Every now and then we hear of some half-mad women who
seem to give up their whole time to making pets of cats. There have been
strange old women who have kept hundreds of them. But most men, and
even some women, dislike cats. They are very sly; they seem to us human
beings very cruel, and they are so persistent that we get angry with them.
A cat will spend half a day trying to get at a piece of fish, and when she wakes
up the next morning will begin trying for it again. Cats have very good
memories, especially for injuries. If you want to get rid of a cat, give her a
few smart taps, and she will avoid you.
You see, I have been saying she all along, and the fact is we are, most of
us, apt to call a cat she when it is a Tom. They are such sleek, quiet crea-
tures, and are so fond of the house.
It is a great mistake to suppose that cats stupefy, with a blow of the paw,
any bird or mouse they may catch. I have several times seen a cat playing
with a half-dead bird that she had caught. I have seen the bird struggle to
get away. I have seen it open its eyes, and heard it shriek with pain, the cat
seeming all the while to enjoy it. She would let the bird wriggle away for a
short distance, and then give it a dig with her paw.
It is a mistake to suppose that cats are not very clever. I can see no
difference in that respect between a cat and a dog, or, at all events, very little
difference. They seem just as quick to learn, and just as ingenious in help-
ing themselves.

GOOSEY, goosey, gander, whither shall I wander?
Up-stairs, and down-stairs, and in my lady's chamber.
There I met an old man, who would not say his prayers;
I took him by the left leg, and threw him down-stairs.

-.~-- ,-.-.


"SHIP ahoy! What ship's that ?"
"The Physalie."
"Whither bound ?"
"Wherever she pleases."
"Under whose orders?"
"The King of Portugal."
Look at the ship, children! You do not see her? There she is,
in the picture. She may not look exactly like the ships you are
accustomed to seeing; but for all that she is a ship of the line, all
manned and equipped and ready for action.
She is a tight and trim vessel, and sails, I take it for granted,
under the orders of the King of Portugal; at least, she is always
called a Portuguese man-of-war. Very trim she is, and very
compact, too, for you could hold -her in your hand, as far as her
size is concerned. If you should try to hold her in your hand,
however, you would very quickly find out one reason for her being
called a man-of-war, though perhaps it is not the reason generally
You see all those delicate curling threads and tendrils that hang
from the beautiful shell-shaped bubble which floats so lightly on
the water? They are the crew of the good ship Physalie.
Instead of being different parts of one creature they are them-
selves creatures, distinct and separate, and yet all living together
in such perfect harmony and peace that they seem to belong to
one body.
Each member of the crew has his place and his work. Some
spend their time in catching food, and eating it, without, I am


a*$i.&-lt:L-- ----.-._.


- -

-= ,,._' =4_ -

-' I -__i ,i: ,
_-. -_ :' -

--7 ,--- -': ?, --- I-_ z

-- '--- -I-

-; : r--._: sorry to ay, oi- f rin' a y to t h. oth ers,
some of wtlni, a0r busy Inakiny I1.uds,

~~,'I ships' crews ; while others aIain. with
-:"-- long, stlreaingil tentacles, '.omi:ntimes
v t i__.
t'f -. thirty feet. long. are thle Ilovin. power,
d:-: n svw i]illl v allon,-. ...carryN' thel tiny
.-.- vessel throun' tlhe water.
.A And n': w, how d.oes this crew fiiht ?
-. Where ar i their iMisket's their cut-
S..1 es. Wihelre are the ship's guns ?
i---- : They Jon't. seem to have any weap,:ns
:-- at all. No: the truth is, they have no
Weapolis, l:,eI.uiSse they lhave 1o need
of any. They can f-ilit a. creature a
hundr::l time- as li- as them.ellves
-:--.-:-i-- and their -hil put together, and come

~--* ---'-- ~~-4---~
i,- .-.-~ .-,;1'_~

off victorious, with flying colors. I will tell you a story which a
gentleman told me once, about his meeting a Portuguese man-of,
war; then you will understand all about it. .


He was living at the time on one of the islands in the West
Indies, and used to go in bathing every morning. One morning
he had been swimming about for nearly an hour in the clear warm
water, watching all the strange and beautiful creatures which were
also taking a morning swim, and thinking how pleasant it must be
to be a fish. At last he floated on his back, and let a great,
curling, white-crested wave carry him to the shore. Now, this
same wave was bringing a whole fleet of "galleys," as the natives
call the Physalie, in from the open sea, and just as Mr. La Blond
touched the shore one of the galleys touched his arm, and instantly a
grappled it, flinging round his shoulder its beautiful streamers of
crimson, pink, and pale blue. He felt a thousand sharp, darting
pains, so intense that he grew dizzy. Exerting all his strength,
he tore the Physalie off and flung it into the sea; but some of the
thread-like tendrils remained glued to his arm, and he nearly l
fainted away with the pain. He managed to get some oil, and
swallowed some, and rubbed his arm with the rest; but it was
some hours before the pain left him, and he was not well until the
next day.
So you see the tiny man-of-war is not so innocent as it looks;
and if it can so powerfully affect a man, just think what a hard
time the little fishes must have when they meet a fleet, or even a
single vessel! They just curl up their little tails and die in despair,
and the heartless crew of the galley make a meal of them.

1% A- >


W HAT is the first thing
you think of when -
you look at this picture?
Some poor ship that was -
lost in a storm? Were -
you ever at sea when the
big waves that seemed to
be as high as a house were
going faster than the ship -W d
and breaking over the
stern ? This ship was _
evidently a man-of-war,
and most of it has been
hauled up. On one side
of the bell you will see a cannon going up, and on the other a barrel. There
must be, of course, a ship overhead. I wonder what sort of a boat it is,
whether a sailing vessel or a steamship ? If you look at the picture again
you will see two men sitting in the bell, which has no bottom. The air in the
bell keeps the water out. One of the men holds a rubber-hose which is
fastened to the helmet of the diver or man who is lifting up the things, and
fastening them to the rope let down from the ship above. This tube carries
fresh air to the diver. The other man in the bell has a hose in his hand which
is attached to the barrel, and it contains compressed air, which passes into
the bell as fast as the men breathe the air in the bell, because the air breathed
out is heavier and occupies less room than pure air. The men would die if
they didn't have fresh air. As soon as they have exhausted their supply of
it they pull the rope, and they are hauled up.
Elsewhere in the book you will read about how they dive for pearls; but a
pearl-diver couldn't stay down long enough, or dive deep enough to bring up
wreckage. The bell-diver wears weights attached to his feet, the same as the
boys put a lead-dipsy to their lines when they go fishing; but the diver can't
go below a certain depth, or he would be crushed to death by the weight of the
water. The fish have a series of air-bladders, and in this way they can make
themselves heavier or lighter by sucking in air or forcing it out of their
bodies; but a man's lungs contain just so much air, and he can't make them
hold any more.






N ------ ff-fff


S AID CAPTAIN BARNACLE, as you insist upon it, I will tell yc
a sea story. You must know that I was once sailing
the ship Orient for China. We doubled the Cape of Good Hop
and, running a little too far to northward, we came near tl
coast of Madagascar. The sea in this quarter is filled wit
coral reefs. The coral grows like forests, and the tops fr
quently reach nearly to the surface. One day, while in th
dangerous region, we were becalmed; the ship lay like a Ic
on the water; the sea around was as smooth as a mirror.
"In looking down into the waves, I could see the coral grove
and between them there were various fishes sauntering abou
quite at their leisure. Among the rest, I noticed an enormous
shark, of the most voracious kind. He was evidently seeking
whom he might devour. As I was looking at him, 'he turne
his eye upon me, and showed his white, hooked teeth, as muc
as to say, Come down here, Captain, and I will eat you.'
I did not accept his invitation; but while I was standing
by the side of the vessel, my gold watch, chain and all, wa






accidentally jerked into the sea. Down it went amongst the
branches and leaves of the coral. I could see nothing of it,
and when I looked for the shark, he was gone.
There was no help for the accident. The next morning,
the breeze sprung up, and we went on our way. We spent
two months at Canton, and then set out on our return. When
we again arrived in the neighborhood of Madagascar, we were
again becalmed. Looking over the side of the ship, I saw a
shark, which seemed like the very fellow I had become ac-
Squainted with on my outward passage. One of the sailors got
a large iron hook, to which a rope was attached; on the hook
he fastened a piece of salt pork, and threw it overboard. The
shark soon saw the bait, and immediately took it into his jaws,
hook and all. The sailor then gave a pull, and the monster
S was firmly drawn upon deck. He seemed to feel as if he had
fallen out of bed, for he made a terrible banging with his tail.
Well, the sailors went to work and cut him open; and what
do you think they found ?"
S"The gold watch," said both the ladies at once.
"No," said the captain ; "they found nothing but entrails!"



T HE Sperm Whale is a gregarious animal, and the herds
S formed by it are of two kinds-the one consisting of
females, the other of young whales not fully grown.
These herds are called by whalers, "schools," and occasion-
ally consist of great numbers; I have seen in one school as
many as five or six hundred. With each herd or school of
females, are always from one to three large bulls, the lords of
the herd, or, as they are called, the school-masters." The
full-grown whales, or large whales," almost always go alone
in search of food; and when they are seen in company, they
are supposed to be making passages, or migrating from one
"feeding-ground" to another. The largo whale is generally
very incautious, and if alone, he is without difficulty attacked,
and by expert whalers generally very easily killed; as fre.
.,. .K


quently, after receiving the first blow or plunge of the harpoon,
he appears hardly to feel it, but continues lying like a "log of
wood" in the water, before he rallies or makes any attempt to
escape from his enemies.
Large whales are, sometimes, remarkably cunning and full
of courage, when they will commit dreadful havoc with their
jaws and tail; the jaw and head, however, appear to be their
principal offensive weapons.
The female breeds at all seasons, producing but one at a
time. The young when first born are said to be fourteen feet.
long. The females are much smaller than the males. They
are very remarkable for their attachment to their young, which
they may be frequently seen urging and assisting to escape
from danger with the most unceasing care and fondness. They
are also not less remarkable for their strong feeling of sociality
or attachment to one another; and this is carried to so great
an extent, that when one female of a herd is attacked or
wounded, her faithful companions will remain around her to
the last moment, or till they are wounded themselves. This.
act of remaining by a wounded companion, is called "heaving
to," and whole schools" have been destroyed by dexterous
management, when several ships have been in company, wholly
from their possessing this remarkable disposition. The attach-
ment appears to be reciprocal on the part of the young whales,
which have been seen about the ship for hours after their parents
have been killed.
The young whales, or "young bulls," go in large schools,
but differ remarkably from the females in disposition, inasmuch
as they make an immediate and rapid retreat upon one of
their number being struck, who is left to take the best care he
can of himself. I never but once saw them heave to," and
in that case, it was only for a short time, and seemed rather to
arise from their confusion than affection for their wounded
companion. They are also very cunning and cautious, keep-
ing at all times a good look-out for danger. It is consequently
necessary for the whaler to be extremely cautious in his mode



of approaching them, so as, if possible, to escape being heard
or seen, for they have some mode of communication with one
another in an incredibly short space of time; the distance
between them sometimes amounting to five, or even seven
miles. The mode by which this is effected remains a curious


A LADDIN was the son of a very poor tailor in China, who took him into
his shop to learn the trade, but Aladdin loved play more than work,
which he neglected for the company of idle boys.
His father dying when he was quite young, he spent his whole time in the
streets, and his mother was compelled to spin cotton night and day to earn
the necessaries for their support. But she was willing to do this, for she
loved her son, and promised herself that when he was older he would become
an industrious man and care for her.
One day, as Aladdin was playing with a troop of vagabonds, a strange
passing stopped to observe him. The stranger was a famous African magi-
cian who needed an ignorant person to assist him, and thought Aladdin was
just the right one. He inquired his name and character, and calling him
said: "My lad, art thou not the son of Mustapha, the tailor? "
"Yes, sir," said Aladdin, "but my father has been.dead many years."
"Alas said the stranger, "how sad I am your father's brother, and have
been many years in foreign countries, and now, when I expected to be happy
at home, I find him dead."
Aladdin, who had never heard of any uncle, stood like one stupefied, till his
pretended uncle gave him two pieces of gold, telling him to have his mother
get supper, as he was going to visit her. His mother was as surprised as he
had been, as she had only heard of one brother, who was also a tailor, and
had died before Aladdin was born. However, she cooked a nice supper, and
when the magician came, he was followed by a porter bringing all kinds of
fruits and sweetmeats.
He saluted his dear sister-in-law, as he called her, and they sat down to
supper; after which the magician said: My dear sister, I am grievedto see
so much poverty. I hope my nephew does his duty to you. He is old enough
to get a great many comforts."
Aladdin hung his head in shame. His mother replied: "Indeed, it almost
breaks my heart, but Aladdin, though fifteen years old, does nothing but play,
and all I can earn is hardly enough to get bread. If I should die, I know not
what would become of him."
She burst into tears, and the magician said to Aladdin: "I am pained to hear
this. You must think of getting your own living. How would you like to
keep a shop ?" Aladdin was much pleased, for he thought that would not
be very hard work. ,

The next morning the magician went out with Aladdin and fitted him out
with a nice suit. Then they walked through the town, and passed through
some beautiful gardens and meadows, the magician telling interesting stories,
until they came to the entrance of a narrow valley, bounded on all sides by
high mountains.
"Dear uncle," said Aladdin, "where are we going now ? We have left all
the pretty gardens behind us a long way; pray let us hurry away from this
frightful place."
No No! said the magician; not at present. I will show you more
wonderful things than you have ever seen."



Aladdin followed his uncle into the valley, until they had lost all view of
the country behind them. Suddenly the magician stopped, and roughly com-
manded Aladdin to gather some loose sticks for a fire. When he had done
so, the magician set them on fire. Presently the blaze rose high; the magi-
cian threw some powder into the fire, and pronounced some strange words,
which Aladdin could not understand. They were instantly surrounded by a
thick smoke, the mountain burst and exposed a broad stone with a large brass
ring fastened in the centre.
Aladdin was so frightened that he started to run, but the magician gave
him such a box on the ear that he knocked him down. Aladdin got up and
said: "Why do you use me so cruelly, uncle ?"
My child," said the magician, I did not mean to hurt you, but you must
not run away; I brought you here to do a service for you. Under this stone
are treasures that will make you richer than any king on earth, and I alone
know how to make you master."
Aladdin forgot the box on the ear, and promised to do whatever he was
Come," said the magician, "take hold of that brass ring and lift up the
When the stone was lifted, there appeared a hollow cave and a narrow
flight of steps. "Go down, child," said the magician, "into that cavern. At
the bottom of these steps you will find three great halls filled with gold and
silver. If you touch anything, you will meet with instant death. At the end
of the third hall you will see a fine garden; cross it by a path which will
bring you on a terrace, where you will see a lighted lamp in h niche. Take
the lamp down and put out the light; and when you have thrown away the
wick and poured out the oil, put the lamp in your bosom and bring it to me."
Saying this, the magician drew a ring off his finger and, putting it on Alad-
din's, told him that if he obeyed him nothing could harm him. "Go down
boldly, my son," he said, "and we both shall be rich and happy the rest of our
Aladdin went down the steps, and found the three halls as the magician had told
him. He went through these, crossed the garden, took down the lamp, threw
out the wick and the oil, and put the lamp in his bosom. As he came down
from the terrace, he saw, as he thought, the branches of the trees loaded with
beautiful pieces of glass of all colors, and could not help filling his pockets.
The magician was waiting very impatiently for him.
"Pray, uncle," said Aladdin, "give me your hand to help me out."

"Give me the lamp first," said the magician.
"I cannot, dear uncle, until I am' out," replied Aladdin.
"Wretch, deliver it this instant," roared the magician. His eyes flashed
fire and, stretching out his arm to strike Aladdin, some powder he held dropped
into the fire, the rock shook, the stone moved to its place, and Aladdin was
buried alive in the cavern. He cried and wrung his hands; his cries could
not be heard, and he was left to die.
Aladdin remained without food two days, and on the third, he chanced to
press the ring on his finger, when an enormous geni rose out of the earth
and said: "I am ready to obey thy commands, I and the other slaves of that
Aladdin, trembling, said: I pray thee, deliver me from this place."
He had no sooner spoken than the earth opened, and he was on the
very spot where the magician had brought him. He hurried home, and
when he reached there fainted away on the step of the door.
When he had recovered, and his mother had embraced him, he told her all
that had happened, and then begged her to bring him some food, as he was
almost starved. But she had neither food nor money, for she had spent her
time in looking for him.
"Well, mother," said Aladdin, "never mind. Dry your tears, and hand me
the lamp I put on the shelf and I will go and sell it."
The old woman thought it would bring more if it were cleaner, and began
to rub it with sand. Instantly a huge geni stood before her and said: I am
ready to obey thy commands, I and the other slaves of that lamp."
The woman fainted away, but Aladdin, who was less frightened, said:
' Bring me something to eat; I am hungry."
The geni disappeared, but soon returned with twelve large plates of silver,
full of the nicest meats, six white loaves, two bottles of wine and two drinking
cups, and, after spreading them on the table, vanished.
Aladdin sprinkled water on his mother, and begged her to rise and eat of
the food. They made a hearty meal, and set aside enough to last two days
The next morning Aladdin sold one of the silver plates to a Jew to
purchase a few necessaries that were wanting. He then went among the
merchants and shopkeepers, and improved himself by their discourse.
One day, while Aladdin was walking through the city, he heard a proclama-
tion commanding all the people to retire into their houses, as the beautiful
princess Balrondom, whom no one must look upon, was coming to the public


baths. Aladdin did not know where to go, but ran into a large hall and hid
behind a curtain. It happened that this hall was the entrance to the baths,
and as soon as the princess passed the gate, she pulled off her vail, which
permitted Aladdin to see her. He was so impressed with her beauty, that he
could think of nothing else. At length he said: Mother, I love the Princess
Balrondom, and you must demand her for me in marriage to the sultan."
The old woman thought her son was mad, and bade him remember that he
was the son of a tailor.
"Mother," said Aladdin, I am not as poor as you imagine. I have learned
the value of those things I used to call glass; it is with them I intend to buy
the good-will of the sultan."
Aladdin's mother laughed, and refused to have anything to do with such
Aladdin pined almost to death, and his mother promised she would go to
the sultan if it would restore him to health. This so pleased Aladdin, that
he filled a large china dish-with his finest jewels, which he tied up in two
napkins. The old woman set out trembling for the sultan's palace. She
placed herself opposite the throne, and when the court was nearly empty she
was bidden to approach. She fell on her knees and begged the sultan's
pardon, and told the story of her son falling in love with the princess.
The sultan smiled, and asked what she had in her napkin. When the dish
was uncovered the sultan stared with surprise, having never seen jewels of
such size and lustre.
"Your son," said he, "can be no ordinary person. Bring him here, and if
he realizes my ideas I will bestow on him the hand of my daughter."
Aladdin's mother went home and told her son all that had passed, which
pleased him greatly.
Aladdin summoned the geni, who transported him to a bath of rose-water;
afterwards he was dressed in fine clothing. A horse was given him with
saddle of pure gold. A train of slaves were mounted, bearing magnificent
presents for the sultan.
Aladdin mounted his horse, and his appearance had so changed that no one
knew him, but'thought he was some great prince.
Aladdin would have thrown himself at the feet of the sultan, but was pre-
vented by the sultan's embracing him and seating him at his right hand. The
sultan was so charmed with his good sense and modesty, that he proposed to
marry the young lovers that very evening. Aladdin obje.cted, saying he
must build a palace to receive his princess, and asked that the piece of ground


opposite the royal palace should be given him, which was granted. Aladdin
went home to employ the geni of the lamp to build a palace, and the sultan
congratulated his daughter on the happiness in waiting for her.
When the sultan rose the next morning he was surprised to find a palace
opposite his own, and half the people in the city gathered there to see it.
He was informed that Aladdin wished to conduct him to see it.
The sultan was amazed; the walks were built of gold and silver, and the
ornaments were of the rarest and most beautiful precious stones. The treasury
was full of gold coin, the offices filled with domestics, the stables with the finest
horses and carriages, with grooms and equerries in splendid liveries. Aladdin
and the princess were married and lived happily.
At length the magician, who was in Africa, heard of all this magnificence,
and knew the cause. He was determined to get this lamp, and disguised his-
person and travelled to China.
As he came to the city, he bought several beautiful lamps, and went under
the windows of the palace of the princess, crying, New lamps for old ones "
The slaves all ran to the windows. Oh said one of them, "there is an
ugly old lamp in one of the halls; we will put a new one in its place." The
princess agreed to this, and the magician gave them the best of his new ones.
As soon as night came he summoned the geni of the lamp, and commanded
him to transport him, the palace and the princess to the remotest corner of
Africa. He was instantly obeyed.
It is impossible to describe the surprise of the sultan the next morning to
find the palace vanished, and his daughter lost. All the people were running
through the streets, and soldiers were sent in search of Aladdin, who was out
Aladdin fainted away, and was dragged before the sultan, and would have
been beheaded but for fear of the people, who were all fond of him. He was
sent away in disgrace, and was threatened with death unless he brought
tidings of the princess within forty days.
Leaving the palace, he stopped at a brook to wash his eyes, that smarted
with tears. His foot slipped, and catching hold of a piece of rock he pressed
the magician's ring, and the geni appeared, saying, "What would'st thou
have ?"
"Oh, geni!" cried Aladdin, "bring my palace back to where it stood
"What you command," said the geni, "is not within my power; I am only
the slave of the ring. The geni of the lamp alone can do that service."


"Then I command thee," said Aladdin, "to transport me to the palace
where it stands now."
Instantly Aladdin found himself beside his own palace. The princess was
walking in her own chamber weeping for Aladdin. Happening to approach

the window she saw him under it, and sent a slave to bring him in by a
private door.
Aladdin then went disguised into the city, and bought a powder which
would produce sleep, and the princess invited the magician to sup with her


that evening. He was delighted with her kindness, and while at supper she
ordered wine which had been prepared, and on drinking it the magician fell
to the floor senseless.
Aladdin snatched the lamp from his bosom and, throwing the traitor on the
grass, summoned the geni, and the palace and all it contained were transported
to their original place.
When the sultan saw the palace he hastened to embrace his daughter, and
during a week grand entertainments were given in honor of their return.
Aladdin did not forget to carry the lamp always with him, and things went
well for some time.
But the magician, having slept off his potion, set out for China. When he
reached the end of his journey, he went to the cell of a holy woman named
Fatima, who was celebrated for her cure of the headache. He killed and
buried her; then, disguising himself in her garments, walked into the city,
where people followed him in crowds. The princess sent her slaves for
Fatima to come to the palace, where she was kindly entertained. Fatima.
persuaded her to have a roc's egg hung in the middle of the dome.
The geni hearing this uttered a loud cry, which shook the palace. "What!"
said he, "after all I and my fellow-slaves have done for thee, dost thou com-
mand me to bring my master and hang him up in this dome? I would reduce
your palace into ashes, were you the author of this wish. The magician is
now under your roof disguised as Fatima. Go, punish his crimes, or your
own destruction is sure."
The geni vanished, leaving Aladdin much agitated. He went to his wife's.
apartment, and complained of a severe headache. The princess exclaimed
that the good Fatima was in the palace, and ran to bring her. The pretended
Fatima came with one hand raised as if to bless Aladdin, who, as he came
near him, stabbed him to the heart.
The princess was grieved to think her husband had killed the holy Fatima,
till Aladdin tore off the hood of the cloak, and showed the magician concealed
beneath. Shortly after, the sultan dying without a sbn, Aladdin and the
princess ascended the throne and reigned together many years.


WHY is intending to pay a bill the I HAVEN'T got it, I don't want it, but
same as paying it?-Because it is if I had it I wouldn't take the world
payment (meant). for it.-A bald head.


HE summer noonday sun shone broad-
ly and brightly over the hay-fields.
The birds sang in the trees; the rabbits ran
in and out of the hollows; the insects
hummed overhead; the merry little brook
Sent tumbling along; and the fish came
leaping out every now and then, their silver
sides flashing in the warm light. In the hay-
fields the mowers were busy, and borne on
the gentle wind, softened to a musical mur-
mur, came the voices of the men and the
i sharpening of their scythes. Ben and his
little cousins, Jenny and Jake, were as happy
:..' o and light-hearted this bright summer's day
as any three children could possibly be.
They were in the middle of an exciting game,
a when Ben heard his mother calling him, and
Sv ran to the house to see what she wanted.
Ben dear," she said, "it is your father's
dinner-time, and I have made him some stew.
He is working in Farmer Rix's hay-field, and I should be glad if you would
take him his dinner. Here it is, in this little pail. Be careful not to spill any
of it, my boy, for it is not often that I can afford to buy meat nowadays." Ben
took the pail and started back, but on his way met some boys; setting the pot
down in a corner of the fence, he began to play with them. It was a good
two hours before he remembered the errand on which he had been sent. The
game had been so new and so full of fun that the thought of his poor father
working in the hot sun had quite escaped his memory. "Oh dear me!" he
cried suddenly, "how stupid I've been! I don't know, what father will say at
being kept waiting so long, and the broth is all cold." Wheri he got to where
his father was at work, he saw him standing by the fence, talking to his mother;
both looked anxious, but brightened up when they saw Ben. His father after
waiting some time for his dinner had gone home, and there heard that Ben
had started so long before with the dinner they feared he had got lost or hurt
in some way, and his mother had come back to help find bhir. Mrs. Brown
felt very sad when she heard the truth, but thought that Ben's sorrow was

punishment enough. Ben resolved then and there that he would always make
duty come before pleasure. We are happy to say that Ben kept his resolu-
tion, and through life he found that the happiest as well as the safest motto
was, Duty first."




I --- '


SSTEPPE means a vast plain in South-eastern Europe and Asia, gen-
erally elevated and containing no trees, and is very similar to our
prairies. The picture shows travellers going in opposite directions on
one of these vast plains.
A traveller thus describes his experience in crossing it: "The vast Asiatic
plain stretched for more than 2,000 miles in length, and 1,200 miles wide.
Over this space the various tribes wander with their flocks and herds. There
were no plants. All appeared scorched up by the sun. There was a lake,
twenty-five miles long and fifteen miles wide, with a belt of reeds two miles.
wide extending all around it. We entered upon a sandy waste, which was
like a sea of sand. For miles the sand was hard like a floor. Hours went
by without a particle of change; there wasn't even a cloud in the air to cast
a shadow over us: all was glistening sand below and the fierce burning sun.
overhead. At noon the guides wanted to stop. The horses were picketed,
but we could find neither grass nor water. I looked around with my glass, but
everything was alike, and we were making no progress at all, apparently
seeming to be where we started from. All around was red sand, called
'Kizil Koom.' We had ridden fourteen hours when night came on; the
guides found their way by the stars. At last one of the guides said we were
but two hours from grass and water, which the horses at last scented, and
pressed on with renewed vigor. Soon we heard the loud barking of dogs
and the shouting of men, and before long we were welcomed, when it was
found we were not enemies, and taken to the chief's tent, where we soon fell
asleep, having been in the saddle eighteen hours. The next day the scene
was quite different. Great flocks of sheep, herds of camels, oxen and horses
were grazing on the rich grass. Antelopes sprang up within range of our
guns, gazing for a moment at us with their great black eyes, and then bound-
ing away, hardly touching the ground."
Here is seen the beautiful mirage, and the dreadful sand storms as well.
These are first seen at a vast distance, and when they are of moderate breadth,
they are easily avoided; but when, as is sometimes the case, they extend for
miles, there is real danger. A dense black cloud is seen rolling at a great
height over the plain, sweeping along with fearful rapidity. Instinct warns
animals of its approach, and they rush away at full speed. When such a
storm reaches the pastures the scene is fearful. A confused mass of thou-
sands of camels, horses and oxen is seen rushing madly in all directions.







SEE this picture. Do you know what it represents? I'll tell you. It is an
historical spot, as every man defending it was slaughtered. There is but
one other event in American history equal to it-the massacre of General
Custer by the Indians on our plains some years ago. For several years the
Americans, who had settled in Texas, had been trying to establish an inde-
pendent Republic, that they might govern themselves, and not be compelled
to remain under the dictation of Mexico, which country never lost an oppor-
tunity to insult them. In January, 1836, Santa Anna, the general-in-chief of
the Mexican army, afterwards President of Mexico, determined to drive the
Americans out of Texas, and declared every one of them pirates, giving his
generals orders to kill all who were taken prisoners, as Americans should no
longer live in that country. February 22d, Colonel Travis, with about 145
men, retreated into the Alamo, a large convent building in San Antonio,
surrounded by a strongly-built wall, that had been erected to protect the
convent and its people against the Indians. The next day they were besieged
by about 6,ooo Mexicans under Santa Anna, who placed heavy cannon in
position all around them, and for eleven days bombarded them fiercely.

Colonel Travis sent for reinforcements, and succeeding in adding to his force
thirty-two men, making nearly 180 men inside of the Alamo. The Americans
had but very little ammunition, and were afraid to use it in reply to the heavy
cannonade of the Mexicans, wishing to save all they could for the final assault,
which these brave men knew must shortly follow. March 6th, which was on
Sunday, the whole Mexican army advanced upon the place, while the heroic
band of Americans poured such a fire of grape, canister, and musketry upon
them that, though 6,000 to 18o, they were compelled to fall back in disorder
twice. Rallying again, they succeeded in entering the enclosure, and turned
their cannot upon the convent, where some of the Americans had found refuge.
The slaughter was terrific. Colonel Travis, the commander, was killed early
in the action, being shot through the head, though, after he was wounded, he
killed a Mexican who attempted to run him through with a spear. David
Crockett, whose history nearly all of our little friends are acquainted
with, as he was one of the well-known border men of those days, was found
dead, surrounded by nearly a score of Mexicans, whom he had succeeded in
killing before they overpowered him. Out of all this little band of heroes
not one escaped. A few, finding the contest useless, surrendered to the
Mexicans, but were immediately murdered by them. A colored man and
two ladies were spared, as they were not engaged in fighting. Think of this,
little friends. Do you wonder that Texans are proud of the Alamo, and show
it to all strangers who visit San Antonio to-day ? The bones of these Ameri-
cans were collected the next year and buried with great military honors.
The Alamo is now occupied by the United States as a quarter-master's
depot. Do not fail to see it, should you ever visit Texas, the "Lone Star
T HERE was once a little maiden who was very pretty, but careless and
lazy. When she used to spin, if there was a knot in the thread, she
broke off a long piece and threw it on the ground. She had a servant girl, who
used to pick up all the pieces, until she had enough to make a dress for herself.
A young man was in love with this lazy maiden, and the wedding day was
appointed. The evening before, the servant girl danced about in her new
dress, and the bride exclaimed: How the girl does jump round, dressed in
my threads and leavings!" The bridegroom asked what she meant. She
told him the girl had made herself a dress from threads she had thrown away.
When he heard this he gave up the mistress and chose the maaid for his wife.


VERY many people confound the words Capital and Capitol. Capital
means the "head," "chief; for instance, you would say capital punish-
ment, meaning a person is punished by killing them, which formerly was done
by beheading; now-a-days hanging is the method usually employed. Then we
speak of the capital city. Boston is the capital of Massachusetts, Albany of
New York, Richmond of Virginia, Washington of the United States; and
they are so called, not because they are the principal or chief cities, but
because the chiefs of the people-those who have charge of the government-
make the laws there, and issue the orders to have them carried into effect.
The house or building where the legislative bodies meet, whether State or
National, is called the capitol, and the picture above shows the magnificent
building at Washington where Congress assembles, and makes laws to govern
you and me, and everybody who lives in the United States. You know the
city of Washington wasn't always the capital. The government first had its
seat in Philadelphia, where the nation had its birth, and where the Declaration
of Independence was proclaimed. It was not until 18oo that Washington
became the capital, although the corner-stone of the capitol was laid, Septem-
ber 18, 1793, by General Washington himself. In 1811 the south wing was

finished, but work was discontinued on account of the war with England; and
in August, 1814, the British, under General Ross and Admiral Cochrane,
defeated the Americans, entered Washington, set fire to and destroyed every
public building except the patent-office, and the beautiful but unfinished capi-
tol was left a mass of ruins. However, it was rebuilt, and completed by 1825.
It is composed of a main building, 325 feet, four inches long, and two wings
north and south, each 121 feet in length, making the entire structure 569 feet
long and 290 feet deep. The rotunda in the centre is ninety-six feet in
diameter. The roof is sixty-nine feet in height, and the dome extends 241
feet above, making it 310 feet above the terrace, which is eighty-six feet above
the street, giving a total height above the city of 396 feet. The building
covers 6,200 square feet, and is finished throughout in the most magnificent
manner. The walls and ceiling of the dome and rotunda are covered
with most beautiful frescos. The House of Representatives occupies the
south wing (right side of picture), and the Senate chamber is in the north
wing (left side of picture).

Pussy Cat Mole,
Jump'd over a coal,
And in her best petticoat burnt 'a
great hole.
Poor Pussy's weeping, she'll have no
more milk,
Until her best petticoat's mended with.

ROCK-A-BYE, baby, thy cradle is
Father's a nobleman, mother's a
And Betty's a lady, and wears a
gold ring;
And Johnny's a drummer, and
drums for the king.


THIS little pig went to market.
This little pig stayed at home.
This little pig got roast beef.
This little pig got none.
This little pig cried wee, wee, all
the way home.

HEY DIDDLE DIDDLE, the cat and the
The cow jumped over the moon;
The little dog laughed to see such
And the dish ran after the spoon.

WHY are bells the most obedient of inanimate things ?-Because they make
a noise whenever they are tolled (told).

YERY few people there are who haven't heard a great deal about the
Indian wars with the first settlers of America; but there was one colony
where then oble Red man was the Paleface's friend. William Penn, a
Quaker of England, secured a grant of a portion of America, now comprising
the state of Pennsylvania. But, with the stern sense of justice that is pecu-
i S ry ysi
SIN i// ^ *i i. ^


liar to the Friends, Penn was not satisfied till he had paid the possessors of
the soil what they thought their land was worth. In 1682 he had his agent
make a treaty with them, and the chiefs of all the tribes met together in Phila-
delphia, and exchanged words of peace. The tree under which the treaty
was made was still standing a few years ago, and was then blown down.


Y ROBABLY no event of as great importance to the American Colonies
ever occurred as the signing of the Declaration of Independence, seen in
the picture. Thirteen poor, weak, unaided colonies, who had acknowl-
edged themselves subjects of Great Britain ever since they were settled, had
risen and declared themselves free, thus rebelling against a power which had,
by force of arms on land and the greatest navy in the world, subdued all who
opposed it.
On June 7, 1776, Richard Henry Lee, of Virginia, offered this memorable
resolution before the assembled Congress in Philadelphia, which was bravely
seconded by John Adams, of Massachusetts:
"Resolved, That these United States ought to be free and independent."
A committee was appointed to draught a Declaration of Independence. It
consisted of Jefferson, Adams, Franklin, Sherman and Livingston. They
selected Thomas Jefferson and John Adams to draw it up.
Mr. Jefferson urged Mr. Adams to do so; and the friendly argument was
closed by Mr. Adams saying:
"I will not do it. You must. First, you are a Virginian; and Virginia
should lead in this business. Second, you can write ten times better than I
Mr. Jefferson replied:
If you insist upon it, I will do the best I can."
And no American has ever regretted that he wrote this immortal document.
July 4, it was signed by each of the members of Congress, every man who
signed it defying the majestic power of Great Britain; many of them feeling at
the time, no doubt, that their necks would feel the British hangman's rope
before many months should have passed over their heads.
From the thirteen rebellious colonies we have grown to be the strongest
power on earth. Well may we revere the very names of those who so bravely
perilled their lives and fortunes to release us from the oppression of the




IF you follow our rivers to their heads you will find they run from some little
stream in the mountains, and from lakes, and flow through woods and
meadows until they reach the sea.
The discoverer of the Mississippi was a Spaniard named De Soto, who had
killed thousands of Indians in battle, and went west through thick forests and
came to this great river, one mile in width. They dared not cross, for there
was a great body of Indians on the opposite bank; but marched down for
four miles, where they crossed with the few men who were left, the, greater
part of a large army having wasted away by starvation. De Soto himself
died soon afterwards, and was buried in the middle of the river he had dis-
covered, and which has since become so famous.
You all of you know of, and many of our readers have sailed on, the
beautiful Hudson, which has scenery along its banks unsurpassed by any in
Europe and America.
In the Revolutionary War General Arnold made arrangements to place
West Point in the hands of the British, and Major Andre was sent to complete
the arrangements. The vessel which took him up the Hudson was fired
upon, and it dropped down the stream. Andre was unable to reach his vessel
was captured, tried, condemned as a spy, and hung at Tappan.


ST is only within a few years that people knew anything about the
country along the Nile, in Egypt. The people are black, and
generally very poor, and live principally on a kind of Indian
corn and dates, those of Nubia being considered better than any
others; and the leaves of the palm-trees, from which dates are
grown, are finer and softer than any others.
There are interesting ruins in Nubia, those of the rock temple
being the most wonderful. The immense statues outside repre-
sent a former king of Egypt. Wild birds are numerous. One
species is called "Pharaoh's hens," which are a kind of small white vulture
that frequents the desert, as well as the neighborhood of the river.
Dongola is where the governor lives. There is a sandy desert on each
side of the river. No o
fresh meat can be
bought here; it is all
brought up the river.
On this part of the Nile
are great crocodiles and
and water-lizards.
The houses of the
better class are not well
furnished. The beds
are frames with strips
of buffalo-hide stretched
across, and mats are
laid on these. They
are used for seats in
the daytime. Wooden
bowls are used instead
of crockery, and drinking-vessels are made from gourds. The Nubian
woman's dress is a piece of dark blue calico wrapped around her waist and
coming down to her ankles; her head and upper part of the body is covered
with a white scarf, with a red border, which can be drawn over the face. She
wears necklaces, bracelets, rings, earrings and anklets. The upper classes
keep themselves clean by rubbing the skin every night with a kind of dough,
and then with a fragrant oil. This is called quite refreshing.


THE lindoos, like the Chinese, are a singular people; they are very re-
ligious, and yet worship idols, which they think represent God. Their
priests are very learned men, and their land is full of temples. They have
three principal gods, Brahma, the creator; Vishnu, the preserver; and Siva,
the destroyer. They believe that, when Vishn'u was a child (he was called
Kreshna), he swallowed some dirt, and his brothers ran and told their mother.
To see if they were telling the truth, she told him to open his mouth, and saw
three worlds there.
It is said that Hindoos have a great many inferior gods, among whom are
the Devas. They say that these Devas had a quarrel about the disposition
of the principal god. One of the Devas at last proposed to settle the matter;
so he went and kicked Siva. Siva became very angry, and spoiled millions
of worlds before he was pacified. The Deva then kicked Brahma. He



grumbled, but didn't do anything. The Deva then kicked Vishnu, who was
asleep. He awoke at once. He caught the foot that had struck him, and
patting it said he hoped it wasn't hurt, and that he had not given pain to or
offended the Deva.
Many stories have been told about the Car of Juggernaut," and people
being thrown under its wheels. All such tales are nonsense, because it isn't
true. Juggernaut is one of the names Vishnu takes, and the worship of


Vishnu is associated with love. The mistake happened in this way: During
the car festival there are great crowds, and accidents sometimes occur; and,
in telling about it, people who saw it made the error of supposing their death
was intentional.
Many of the Hindoos of the upper castes will undergo all sorts of self-
inflicted torture, thinking they are purifying their souls. They will hang by
one hand, or will allow their finger-nails to grow till they are several feet long.
Sometimes the nails penetrate the flesh. Then, again, they will hold one of
their arms or legs in one position so long that they lose the use of it entirely.
But no matter how good and pure a Hindoo may be he can only hope to
escape punishment, and his highest hope is to be absorbed into space and
become nothing; otherwise his soul after he dies may enter a toad, a snake, a

-horse, or any living animal; and that is why they will not destroy the life of
any animal, because in doing so he interferes with some poor soul's progress
They have the greatest respect for and worship monkeys as a superior race
-of beings, and one town is thickly settled with these imps, who are a source
of the greatest annoyance. They also worship a white bull, that you have
sometimes seen in the menageries; it has two humps on its back, much like
the camel. But these people are fast learning to put aside all such vain delu-
sions, and receive and believe the truth.


SCURIOUSincident occurred recently on one of the bridges crossing
the river Limat, which flows through the city of Zirich, illustrating
the sagacity of the gulls or terns frequenting some of the Swiss lakes. A
gentleman who, for amusement, was in the habit of feeding these birds with
the refuse of meat, which they are fond of, had his hat knocked off into the
rapid current below by one of the more eager gulls hovering around. The
lookers-on laughed at the mishap; and a boat was about to be put out into
the stream to secure the trophy, when, to the surprise of every one, a gull
was noticed to dart down upon the hat,.and, after several ineffectual attempts,
succeeded at last in rising with it in its beak, and flying toward the bridge, to
astonishment of every one, dropped the well-soaked hat where the bystanders
at once secured it for its owner.


DR. W. F. MORGAN, of Leavenworth, Kan., communicates to The Medical
Record a story which would indicate that swallows have considerable
surgical skill as well as intelligence. In a nest he found a young swallow
much weaker than its mate, which had one of its legs bandaged with horse-
hairs. Taking the hairs away he found that the bird's leg was broken. The
next time he visited the nest, he found the leg again bandaged. He con-
tinued to observe "the case," and in two weeks found that thqe bird was cau-
tiously removing the hairs, a few each day. The cure was entirely successful.


F INGAL'S Cave, in the island of Staffa, on the west coast of Scotland, one
of nature's wonders, is composed of immense columns of basalt, the color
of them being a bluish gray. They vary in thickness from one to five feet,
and are of very different heights. The sides of the cave are made of the
pillars, and the flooring is evermore the restless, surging sea, whose echoes
have given the cave its Gaelic name, "The Cave of Music." The arch of
the roof is more than sixty feet above your boat. From side to side the
passage is forty-two feet; but in your boat, if the sea is calm, you may enjoy
the fairy scene, and confess to yourself its grandeur.


N Summer we welcome the least breath of air, but there are times when
the wind makes terrible work. This picture shows the columns of sand
raised by the whirlwind in the sandy deserts of Asia and Africa. The people
who live in the desert think that some evil spirit who lives in the air takes
this way of making himself seen. You can see the horsemen and camel-riders
hurrying out of the way of the storm. How dreadful it must be to be placed
in such a locality! We ought to be thankful we are not there, too.


YOU have all heard or read about the cyclones out West? Perhaps you
live near where these dreadful calamities have happened ? The picture
above shows one of these dreaded visitants approaching a village, and the
mother and her two children flying for their lives into the house. See how
the lightning flashes, and look at the black cloud of dust and wind approach-
ing! Sometimes houses are lifted up and ground to pieces, or else let fall
quite a distance from where they were first put. In some parts of the coun-
try, where they have these wind-storms every year, they dig pits, and, when
a storm approaches, they go there and hide till the storm is over.

WHITEN does a man appear to run a risk of being burned to death ?-When
he smokes.



T HIS is a poor fox. "Savage creature!" says somebody;
"kill the wicked fellow !" Stop a moment, neighbor, be-
fore you wantonly put that beautiful animal to a cruel death.
Perhaps he is a bloodthirsty fellow when he is on an expedition
after meat for his children. Perhaps it would be unpleasant to
have his teeth in our flesh. But until he offers to molest us we
will do well to let him alone. Looking on it from the fox's side,
it is different from looking at the fox from our side. He has his
family affairs to see after. Mrs. Fox and the little foxes must be
provided with food. We provide for our families in our way,
and Mr. Fox has his ways of taking care of his home interests.
Between him and his wife and children, in the cave where they
live, there is a very warm bond of affection, even if the weather
is cold. The world is large, and if Mr. Fox can manage to keep
out of our way we ought not to grudge him his existence. The
same God who made us made him. That beautiful fur suit of
his is better than any garments we can buy in the fur-stores.
His sharp white teeth will do for models for careless boys and
S girls who forget to use the toothbrush. Those nimble feet can
make far better speed than ours. If we mind our business as
well as Mr. Fox minds his, we may learn lessons from him
which will be even better than mangling him or putting him
to death. It is plain he would like very much to get one of
these chickens to take home to Mrs. Fox and his little ones, but
they are so high up that it is not likely he can reach them. He
Swill probably have to look somewhere else for his supper.


W HEN Rev. John Wesley was on his voyage to Georgia
with General Oglethorpe, the general one day threatened
severe punishment upon an offending servant, saying, "I never
forgive." "Then I hope, sir," said Mr. Wesley, "you never sin !"




O O--- __U E



__, ~~

---- ----~---_;---

'~' '.


CHINA is the home of the tea-plant, and the
greater part of the tea used is from that
country. Quantities are grown in Japan, Assam
and India. It is an evergreen shrub, and the old
leaves remain until the new ones come. It is
not allowed to grow higher than four or five
feet, though it would grow as high as thirty.
The tea-shrub in China is cultivated in small
plantations, and the leaves are picked by the
family, a leaf at a time, with gloved hands.
These are dropped in small rattan baskets hung
on the neck, which are emptied into larger ones,
and carried to the curing places. There are
several pickings. The first one is in April, when
the buds and very young leaves are gathered.
Soon the new leaves appear, and a second pick-
ing is made in May. The third is about the middle of June, and the fourth
in August. The leaves of the first crop are the most valuable; the last are
old, and make an inferior tea. Both green and black tea are made from the
same leaves. When the leaves are dried quickly, they make green tea; but
dried slowly, they turn dark and make black tea. The leaves are first 'dried
in shallow baskets in the sun, and then put, a few at a time, into an iron or
copper pan and stirred until dry; they are then emptied on a table, and
rolled into rolls, dried again, sorted and packed.
When tea was first introduced into England a family had a present of a
small quantity. They boiled some in a pot, and tried to eat it; but, finding it
bitter, fried some. This was no better, and, after trying several other ways,
the tea was put away as good for nothing.

WHY is a soldier like a rine ?-Be- WHEN should you avoid the edge
cause he is 'listed, trained, has ten of a river ?-When the hedges are
drills (tendrils), and shoots. shooting and the bull-rushes out.
WHICH is heavier, a half or a full WHY is gooseberry jam like coun-
moon?-The half, because the full terfeit money ?-Because it is not
moon is as light again, currant (current).


C OFFEE is the seed in the berry of an ever-
green shrub which grows in hot countries.
The soil of the East and West Indies is best
,' suited to its growth. The plant is naturally
'twenty or thirty feet high, but is cut down to five
or six feet, in order to reach the fruit and that it
may bear better. The leaves are a dark, glossy
: green, and the star-like flowers either white, or a
_:,, delicate rose tint. The odor is like the flower
/('' 7 "' ti, of the jasmine. When the berry is ripening it
"" k is bright red, but changes to a deep purple. The
Seeds have a tough husk around them. When
the berries are ripe they are spread in the sun
to dry till the pulp is shrivelled into a kind of
pod, which is removed by hand.
The coffee beans are in a hard shell, which is
broken by wooden rollers, and the chaff sifted away, and the coffee is packed
in sacks and shipped. In the island of Sumatra the natives dry the leaves
and rub them
into powder, M
and use it as clhh lsea
we do tea; and a
it is said to taste
like coffee and
tea together. :,4
Coffee was
first carried
from the des-
erts of Africa
by a caravan to
Persia about a
thousand years __ --_
ture shows a caravan crossing a desert, and by the wayside you will notice the
skeleton of a Ship of the Desert," as the camel is called, which tells the sad
tale of the sufferings endured by those who have to travel in thsbsp waste places.


t W HEN I was a
boy, a bo ut
seven years old,
father and mother
went one day to
I town to do some
shopping, and left
brother and me in
care of the girl, and
told us to be good
children ; but you
know the old say-
ing, "When the
cat's away the mice
will play." Well,
no sooner were our
parents out of sight
than we began to
plan to see how
much fun we could
have before they
came home. The
first thing we did
-was to run in to our
next neighbor's, and
get another boy,
about our own age, to join us. We had some old scraps of iron and bones
that we had been saving, as country boys will, and sold them to a man who
came around once in a while and bought such things, and who very fortu-
nately came along that day. With this money we went to the store. For
my share I bought some currants and what were called half-Spanish cigars,
two of which were sold for a cent. The other boys bought clay pipes with
part of their money, as they had found some tobacco in the stable, used to
steep in water to destroy the lice on the animals. We then went fishing. It
was my first smoke; and between the currants and the cigar I was fearfully
sick, and lay all the afternoon in the worst sort of pain; so that, when mother


and father came home, they were surprised to find me with a pale face and
unable to get up, and it was several days before I felt real well. The other
boy was almost as sick as I was. He tried it next day on his way to school,
and had to give it up; but my brother, who would run barefooted, was able to
smoke like a veteran. The smoke came out of his mouth in beautiful white
curls. From that day to this I have never been able to learn to smoke, and
I am sure I am all the better for it.


"| DON'T want any supper," said Kate. "Nothing but bread and milk,
I and some cake-just the same every night."
"Would you like to take a walk?" asked mamma, not noticing Kate's
remark. "Yes, mamma."
Kate was pleased so long as their walk led through pleasant streets; but
when they came to narrow dirty ones, where the houses were old and poor,
she wanted to go home. "Please, mamma, don't go any farther."
"We will go in the corner house," said mamma.
A man stood by the door with a sick-looking little girl in his arms; she was
crying, and looked sad and hungry.
Some rough-looking men were sitting on the door-steps. Kate' felt afraid,
and held tight to mamma's hand; but on they went up the tottering steps to
the garret. So hot and close it was that they could scarcely breathe. On
a straw bed near the only window lay a young girl asleep, so pale and thin
and still, she looked as if she were dead.
Hearing footsteps, she opened her eyes. Mamma uncovered her basket,
and gave the girl a drink of milk, and placed the bread and cake beside her.
Kate's eyes filled with tears as she saw the girl eagerly eat her supper.
Not a mouthful had she tasted since early morning.
Her poor mother had been away all day working, and now came home
wishing she had something nice to bring her sick child. When she found her
so well cared for, she could not thank mamma and Kate enough.
The supper seemed a feast to them. "If we can keep a roof over our
heads," said she, and get a crust to eat, we are thankful." Kate never for-
got these words.

WHAT did the muffin say to the toasting-fork ?-" You're too pointed."


RIGHT on the corner of the street
Stands an image passing neat,
A chunky squaw-not very fair-
With dusky skin and raven hair,
Her lips, though mute, send forth the cry
To every one who passeth by,
"Tobacco, 'bacco, 'bacco, tobacco."

Mid storms and blasts this maiden stands,
And holds within her brown-hued hands
A leaf, a very noxious weed,
Upon which only men do feed,
Though deaf and dumb to all the crowd,
She rings the words out clear and loud,
"Tobacco, 'bacco, 'bacco, tobacco."

Hard-hearted is this lassie brown,
Like many ladies in the town;
Though not of stone, 'tis just as good,
Her heart is made of seasoned wood.
No pity in her breast is found,
As she sings out to all around,
"Tobacco, 'bacco, 'bacco, tobacco."

'Bacco thin, tobacco thick,
"Navy," Flounder," "Killikinick,"
Medium, mild, and strong cigars,
Prime snuff for noses, kept in jars.
And men will her tobacco buy,
Though o'er their graves this squaw will cry,
"Tobacco, 'bacco, 'bacco, tobacco."


Attend well to your business.
Be punctual in your payments.
Consider well before you promise.
Dare to do right.
Envy no man.
Faithfully perform your duty.
Go not in the path of vice.
Have respect for your character.
Inspire friendliness in others.
Judge not lest ye be judged.
Know thyself.
Lie not, for any consideration.
Meddle not with the affairs of others.
Never profess what you do not practise.
Occupy your time in usefulness.
Postpone nothing you can do now.
Quarrel not with your neighbor.
Recompense every man for his labor.
Save something against a day of trouble.
Treat everybody with kindness.
Use yourself in moderation.
Villify no person's reputation.
Watchfully guard against idleness.
Xamine your conduct daily.
Yield to superior judgment.
Zealously pursue the right path,
& never give up.

Climb up this pyramid, step by step, and
compare the cost of liquor with that of the
other things mentioned.

Home and Foreign
Product of gold and
silver, $79,000,000.
Boots and shoes,

Cotton goods, $210,000,000.

Woollen goods, $237,000,000.

Meat, $303,000,000.
Value of Church property,

Bread, $505,000,000.

f/ Railroad receipts, $790,060,000.
SCost of liquor in one year, $900,000,000.


all parts of the world except the coldes
wherever they appear.

S T HE locust is about
three inches long,
with a large head and pro-
S jecting oval eyes. Its food
consists of leaves and green.
stalks of plants, and when
locusts alight on any vege-
station that they fancy they
consume it entirely.
The terrible ravages of
S locusts are owing to the
vast numbers in which they
Appear, filling the air and
darkening the sky so that
objects cast no shadow, and
advancing with a sound like
the rushing of chariots.
Locusts are found in almost
t regions, and are equally destructive


WHY is a field of grass like a person older than yourself?-Because it is.
past-your-age (Pasturage).

WHAT is the best way to raise strawberries ?-With a spoon.


How can a man make his coat last ?-Make his pants and vest first.


WHEN is a man duplicated ?-When he is beside himself.


IF you saw a house on fire, what three celebrated author's would you feel,
disposed to name ?-Dickens-Howitt-Burns.

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