'HE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF TRINIDAD
Publication No. 379.
A Royal Cedula to the Governor of Trinidad.
Source: -British Museum. Additional Mss. 36333.
Published by the courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum.
Translated from the Spanish.
25th July 1734.
To My Governor and Captain General of Trinidad.
It has been represented by Fray Joseph Antonio de Vique,
the Procurador of the Missions of Our Lady of the Conception
of Guayana of the Order of the Capuchins, that these Missions
have been in the possession of this Holy Order since the year
1682 when they were granted and accepted by them after
the release given by the Religiosos of the Compania de Jesus
on i6th June 1681, approved by the Audiencia of Santa Fe.
The present Missions of the Jesuits are on the banks of
the River Orinoco at a place called La Conccpcion de
Guayquires, ten days navigation from those of the Capuchins.
Notwithstanding all this, the Jesuits have declared their
intention of extending their Missions into the area allotted to
*-The Capuchins now petition me to restrict each of the
Missionary Orders to the area they now occupy so that the
Missionaries may devote themselves to the conversion of the
Indians now living there and so avoid disturbances and
disagreements, which will be for the service of Cod and of
My Realm and which will assist in tile extension of these
Missions without one interfering with another and to send
a Royal Cedula assuring to the Capuchins, the land both
north and south of the River Orinoco up to the River Caura
and to prevent any other Missionaries entering to found a
Mission or establish a house in tlli area other than the
Capuchins, to whom it is dedicated and allocated by
My Royal Order.
This request has been considered in My Council of the
Indies with lihe report of tile Fiscal. The Council recom-
mended that the Governor of tlic Island of Trinidad in
conjunction with the President of the Audiencia of Santa Fe
shall delimit and mark out the area of the Capuchin Missions
in such a way that no territory shall be conceded to the
prejudice of the one or the other Mission and so avoid the
difficulties which may arise from the present uncertainty.
I therefore now order the said Governor of the Island of
Trinidad to proceed accordingly with the assistance of those
who know this area and of the Prefect of the Jesuit Missions
and other persons, to delimit and demark with all care and
prudence, the limits of these Missions in such a way as to
avoid any discord between these two Missions.
This should be done with the approval of the said President
of My Roval Audiencia of Santa Fe who has been instructed
accordingly to co-operate in this matter.
You should report to me all that is done.
This is My Pleasure.
I, THE KING.
25th July 1734.
By Order of the King, Our Lord.
MIGUEL DE VILLANUEVA.