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THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF TRINIDAD
Publication No. 336,
The Governor Gencral to the Lords Commissioners of Trade and
Source :-Public Record Office. State Papern Colonial.
Published by the courtesy of the MAaster of the Rolls and the
Deputy Keeper of the Public Records.
January 3rd, 1765.
After a tedious passage I arrived at Barbados on
October 23rd where I found it absolutely necessary to remain
for some time in order to revive the spirit of settling at Tobago
which had been totally quashed by the very fatal sickness that
had happened on the Leeward side of it, joined to some
strong prepossessions which have been conceived and pro-
pagated against the place of settlement.
But by proposing the Windward side (reported to be healthy
as well as fertile) for the first settlement and pointing out ail
the advantages and encouragements with my best endeavours,
a pretty favourable disposition came to prevail even amongst
the most considerable inhabitants at the time of my departure
on November 23rd and it was thought that a great number
of the lower class of people who are so numerous and many
of them so idle as rather to be a burthen than an advantage
to the Island, would speedily become adventurers for small
lots of land at Tobago.
I arrived there on November 28th and joined Lieutenant
Governor Brown whom I had before dispatched to make
observations. I remained there a fortnight and examined the
coast as fully and exactly as I could when I was happy to find
the report was well founded with regard to the fertility of the
soil, its being well watered, having severaltolerably shipping
places and particularly two very good bays (vizt: Rockly and
Little Hog Bays) which last is an advantage very uncommon
on a windward coast and owing to its stretching away from
north-east to south-west so that the trade wind blows not
directly upon but obliquely along it and thus almost all the
headlands afford a strand or beach fit for landing on their
In a bay formerly called Gros Cochon, to which I gave
the name of Barbados Bay, I fixed on a very commodious
place for a first town settlement. It promises to be safe for
shipping and has a river of wholesome water running into it.
The ?ountrv round is fit for sugar and all other West Indian
produce and an adjoining headland projecting into the sea
is an excellent and healthful situation for the placing of
His Majesty's Troops and being likewise very defensible by
nature, is very proper for a fort or battery.
As several persons Nent along with me in the store ship
for Tobago and others were preparing to follow in order to
become settlers there, it was absolutely necessary to take the
previous step without waiting for the co-operation of a quorum
of the Commissioners who were not arrived in the West Indies;
but it was done in conjunction with Lieutenant Governor
Brown, Mr. Stewart one of the Commissioners and
Mr. Simpson, the Surveyor of Lands and has so many obvious
advantages I cannot doubt but it will be thought a necessary
After having concerted measures with Lieutenant Governor
Brown for the reception and encouragement of first settlers and
leaving him the best general instructions 1 could frame at the
time, I sailed from Tobago on the 9th and arrived here on
the ith December.
I have the honour to be with highest respect,
Your Lordships most obedient and most
The Right Honourable
The Lords Commissioners
of Trade and Plantations.