Group Title: The Trinidad Historical Society publication.
Title: Publication
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Publication
Physical Description: no. : ; 26 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Historical Society of Trinidad and Tobago
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Port-of-Spain
Publication Date: 1932?-52?
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
Subject: History -- Periodicals -- Trinidad   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Trinidad and Tobago -- Trinidad
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1-1042.
Numbering Peculiarities: Ceased publication.
Issuing Body: Issued 1932-35 by the society under its earlier name: Trinidad Historical Society.
General Note: Reprints of documents relating to the history of Trinidad.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00080962
Volume ID: VID00141
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45882505

Full Text



Publication No. 153.

Captain Vaughan's Report, 1796.

Sourrce :-Public Record Office. StatePapers. Admiralt 1,'318.

Published by courtesy of the Ma.sler of the Roll. and the Deputy
Keeper of the Public Records.

Captain Vaughan to Admiral Sir Hugh ('loberry Christian.

Mav 9th, I796.
I have the honour of acknowledging the receipt of your
favour of the 5th instant by the Berbice enclosing your orders
and instructions as to the new regulations lor seamen and
herewith transmit the state and condition of the Alarm and
,hbra together with the Report of Officers, &c.
I mentioned in my last letter to Sir John Lalforcy the great
number of Brigands in this quarter and the danger to be
apprehended from their daily increase in force. Since which
period I am sorry to acquaint you that the English inhabitants
together with the French Royalists have been compelled to
take refuge on board H.M. Ship Alarm under my command
and other British ships lying in this port.
The exact number that have embarked upon this occasion
I cannot collect but from every account should presume they
would exceed three hundred.
I beg leave to lay before you the circumstances which
occasioned these steps as far as lies within my knowledge.
From the orders I had received from Admiral Sir John
Laforey, I deemed it prudent that the Alarm or Zebra should
remain within the Bocas and be relieved alternately by the
cruising ship. This was the situation of the Alarm at the
period of the commotion.

On Sunday last on my return into town from the estate
of Madame Mallevault (the wife of Captain Mallevault
commanding the Calypso in the Spanish service) about
300 armed brigands attacked me with the third Lieutenant,
Purser and Surgeon ; the two latter, particularly the Surgeon
was severely wounded. I was compelled from his loss of
blood and the tumult which appeared to subsist among them
as likewise from the inefficient assistance of the Governor's
guard who were driven by the brigands entirely away, to
leave him on shore that night.

On the following morning from the declaration of the
Governor's guard of their inefficiency of force, I thought it
my duty to land with our complement of small arm men
to demand the Surgeon.

I was much astonished, on our approach to the landing
place to find at least 1,500 brigands who I understood had
broke open the Spanish Arsenal and possessed the arms.
With such a force to cope against, I deemed it prudent not
to risk the lives of my ships company, I therefore returned on
board and am now so circumstanced that I cannot send a
boat on shore without great danger. I am at a loss how to
act and beg to have your orders.

If the Republicans continue holding possession of the
Island, it certainly cannot be considered a neutral port. 1
am now obliged to supply the merchantmen with water, &c.

From report 1 understand that four of the brigands were
killed and several wounded the first day.

It appears the wish of the brigands is to get to Guadeloupe
and as far as lies in my power I will take every method possible
to prevent them.

I beg leave to mention that small craft similar to the
Berbice would be of very great service in this quarter as their
chief is reduced to that size but should the station be left
that would no doubt be soon altered.

I meant to have transmitted this on the day of the date
but finding by the Governor's letter that affairs on shore bore
a more tranquil appearance, I took the liberty of detaining
the Berbice in order to inform you of the issue of the whole
transaction. I am happy in having it now in my power to
inform you that from the Governor's letters as well as from
other quarters, tranquillity appears to be restored.

1 have transmitted to you the whole correspondancc
between Don Chacon and myself and trust that what I have
done upon this unpleasant though necessary occasion may
meet your approbation.
Nearly the whole of the English families have returned
to the shore but the French Royalists and a few persons
marked by the band for destruction in consequence of their
attachment to the English, still remain on board.
In consequence of Don Chacon's letter No. 8, I have sent
our boats for water but no boat has yet landed at the town.
I flatter myself however that we shall meet no opposition.

I have the honour to be,
Your very obedient and humble servant,


Enclosures. Correspondance with the Governor of Trinidad.

Don Jose Maria ( i-... ,, Governor of Trinidad to Captain Vaughan.

May 91h, 1796.
The desire of assuring peace and tranquillity to yourself
and ship's company induced me to send to you this morning
Captain Caro of the Navy to explain to you verbally the
commotion in which the town is in consequence of what
happened and that in this situation I cannot answer for the
security of your boat or crew for which reason I requested
you to suspend sending on shore any boat until I should
send you notice of the town being at peace.
You may perceive, Sir, that my wish is to preserve the
lives of persons, subjects of nations at peace with mine. I
hope you have comprehended this to have been my meaning
and that you may confide in the affection with which

I have the honour to be,
Your most obedient servant,


(C'aptaiT Vaiuhan to the Governor of Trinidad.
1May 1th, 1796.
I certainly shall comply with your request ol not sending
any boat from H.M. Ship Alarm. At the same time I cannot
avoid mentioning that I consider it contrary to the regulations
of all neutral and free ports.
[ have, etc.,

Caplain Vaiaghaln Io the Governor of Trinidad.
May 91/h, 1796.
I have the honour of rcei\cing your favour and find
myself much obliged to you lor sending Ihe boat with the
Doctor wounded aboard.
I cannot refrain ihowve-cr mentioning again that I consider
it as my indispcnsible duty to represent the whole to my
Commander in Chief that His Britannic Majesty's boats
have been refused landing at a neutral and free port.

I have, etc..

Captain aighan to ti'i Goveroi of Trini idad.
MaY Ioth, I 76.
In consequence of the present commotion ol (ihe Island of
Trinidad and the serious effects likely to be apprehended
from the band of ruffians at large, a number of English
families have taken refuge on board H.M. Ship Alarm under
my command and likewise on )board c\veral others in this
Several hav\e intimated to me their \\il of leaving entirely
this Island and I have offered them Admiral Christian's
tender (which arrived yesterday) to carry them but previous
to any step of this nature being adopted I have to request
you will be pleased to signify to me whether a protection on
your part with craft will be at their service to bring off such
part of their property as may in so critical and distressing a
situation be collected.
I have, etc.,

The Governor of Trinidad to Captain Vaughan.
JIRay loth, I79f6.
There is no difficulty in (th w(av oi' those persons who
wish to withdraw from this Island iin carnr ing off their effects
when they think proper and they will Iec protected by me
in so far as lies in my power.
Many families have been embarked since yesterday
without my having Iheard ofl their meeting with any opposition.
The same may be ldone today taking however the precaution
tgogo off in shore boats and so avoid trouble which may be
caused by a vagabond in the confusion and alarm which
reigns at the moment and is happily subsiding.
The communication of the Frigate Alarm with the shore
max be continued b\ means of the King's launches, one of
which will go on board at any time the signal agreed upon
is made. This method is the most secure until order be
re-established which will soon occur.
You may always depend on c\ cry scrvice which I can
render \ou.
I have, etc.,

Captain 'Vaughan to the Govciior oJ Tiinidad.
Ma'y olth, 1796.
Having occasion to send an express to my Admiral
immediately I wish to know whether the English that are
your subjects, are to meet with protection from your
go crnmnent. Your answer if early will oblige

Sir, Your humble servant,

The Gorenor oif Trinidad to Captain i'aughin.
May Ioth/, 1796.
All persons naturalized in this Colony, natives of the
dominions of His Britannic Majelsty are considered as Spaniards
and entitled to lthe same privileges and protection a;
His Majesty', natural subjects. Thliellore tlie goxcinmicnt

and every Spanish tribunal must protect and acknowledge
them by virtue of His Majesty's orders and regulations for the
establishment of this Island and other Royal Orders that
have been issued subsequent to that regulation.
I acquaint you thereof in reply to your letter of this
day assuring ou of the attachment with which I have the
honour to be. etc.

TIl (G:ociioi oJ 'Tinidad to Captain Vaughlan.
May I I/h, 1796.
This will I, delivered to you by Captain Areche of the
King's launch th/ T'rinidad who in consequence of \our last
letter i.s ordered to convey ashore the English families aboard
the Alarm. l'lhe will be received without molestation and
entitled as usual to ever\ protection which the government
can afford.
You will he pleased to agree with Captainl Arche oil the
signal to be made whenever you determine to send your own
laiuclh lor watet il order that lie or the other Captain may
go with his \csscl lo tlic watciing place anil. a sist your people.
I \ill take (ar e to send a picquet by land to percent any
I am mucli obliged to you lfor \our kind ofler to assist
1m in the establisluent tof peace which 1 am happy to infllMn
you is inl a \cr\ fair way of being restored and believe me,
Sir, with the greatest regard

Your, etc.,


Captain Alexander to Captain IVaughan.
May loth/, 1796.
I have got on board the Canada about one hundred people
from the shore. May I beg your assistance in water and
provisions as I am very short of both.

I ami Sir, etc.


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