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P.O. Box 971
St. Lucia, W.I.
P.O. Box 766
ST. JOHN'S Antigua, W.I.
St. Augustine Campus
CARDI is a regional organization serving twelve Member States of the Caribbean Community. It provides for the research and development needs of the agricultural sector in the region as identified in national plans and policies.
PROJECT CHARTER FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH T- HE METHODOLOGY
Farmer Farming Systems Research (FSR), unlike traditional
agricultural research, views the farm production unit as a Security comprehensive integrated system taking into account:
Reduces the crop and livestock components
- the-crop/livestock interactions
Dependency economic factors, including marketing
- social factors, including traditional beliefs
- the farm household resources and needs
CARDI's Farming Systems Research and Development The FSR methodology demands therefore an integrat(FSR/D) Project is a major undertaking with the goal of ed interdisciplinary team approach in which agricultural
scientists, social scientists and extension officers interact improving the economic and social well-being of small and work together on problems facing farm households.
and medium size commercial farm households in CARICOM This methodology contrasts with the traditional recountries. search approach which is commodity and disciplineoriented, with scant consideration of the interactions and The project involves four major partners:- inter-relationships, and little inter-disciplinary collaboration.
(1) the farmers of the Eastern Caribbean Countries, CARDI's FSR/D Project will serve small and medium
(2) the Ministries of Agriculture (MOA), (3) Caribbean size commercial farmers by developing and testing improved
Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI) production technologies and improved systems that are
economically viable. These technologies will be tested in and (4) United States Agency for International Development on-farm experiments, supported where necessary by field rthe FSR/D Projeet comes station and laboratory research. Integral to the Project is the
transfer of these technologies to larger groups of farmers.
from USAID, and the Project forms part of USAID's overall strategy for assisting agricultural development CARDI's FSR approach has four main phases encompassing eleven steps. These are shown in the diagram, in the Caribbean. The primary purpose of the project together with their interrelations. The four phases are:
is to develop a sustainable FSR/D Programme within CARDI that can respond to the needs of the Eastern *The Descriptive Phase This includes target area
and farmer selection, reconnaisance and specific problem Caribbear. The Proje~t will foc-.s attintwn r:.:.. ~surveys (steps 1 to 3).This phase also includes Field Station on the major technical constraints facing agriculture Research, and On-Farm Production System Analyses
fnthEstt as ingiull (including exploratory experiments and technology screenin the Eastern Caribbean, but also on institutional ing) (steps 4 and 5), and Farm and Island Studies (steps 6
constraints within CARDI. and 7).
. *The Design of Alternatives Phase (step 8) This
is a critical review and planning phase, in which technologies CARDI'S FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND and improved systems, alternative to those already in use
,,,DEVELOPMENT METHODOLOGY are designed, based on data from the descriptive phase.
" ... Production
Eastern ,.land Farm Production System This is the phase where the integration of components will
Caribbean ;. System System System Components occur.
STarget .Area &Farmer Selection *The Testing Phase This involves the on-farm
|, testing of alternatives under researcher control and on-farm
validation under farmer control, but with supervision from
2. Reconnaisance the MOA Extension Service (steps 9 and 10).
Descriptive Phase '-_ __ __._ _*The Transfer Phase This includes applicability
3. SpScucProblemSrvey testing on-farm (step II and the subsequent transfer via the Specific Problem Extension Services to larger numbers of farmers.
. On-Farm 4Emphasis is very much on on-farm experimentation, .I Fam Production 4. which occurs at several levels in the overall methodology:
Studies Studies Analyses Research exploratory experiments (step 5), on-farm testing with Researcher control and supervision and farmer control with extension supervision (steps 9 and 10) and applicability
Designof,,,]testing (step II). A vital participant in the Project is therefore Alternatives the farmer. Equally important is the close collaboration of
Phase 8. OesignolAlternatives '1 Extension Officers of the MOA's and of the Caribbean Agri:,, ; I cultural Extension Project (CAEP).
The project will be particularly concerned with 9 On-Fa developing technologies appropriate to the physical, social F and economic circumstances of target groups of farmers.
1U. On-I-arm The Project serves the Eastern Caribbean LDC states
,a .,a ,and Barbados, and is headquarted in St. Lucia. It is under
-----------------------------the overall direction of a full time Project Manager, who
I reports to CARDI's Director of Research and Development.
Transfte Phase I 1, Applicability Testing
. g I,- At the country level, there are Country Teams (CT's)
Ma ,Tr By Extension Agencies.under the supervision of CountryTeam Leaders (CTL's).
MassTnsfe, ey xtension Agencies. These teams include a MOA counterpart who is a full-time
member of the team. There are sub-Regional offices in
* Antigua and St. Lucia to service respectively the Leeward
and the Windward Islands.
These offices are staffed by a Technical Co-ordinator CARDI will establish linkages with many international
and a group of; Technical Specialists, whose role is primarily research institutions, which will facilitate the exchange of one of support for the CT's. The specialist expertise information and of planting materials. Linkages already
available includes animal science, crop protection, established will be strengthened.
economics,; engineering, horticulture, socio-economics,
systems agronomy and weed science. Additional expertise PROJECT OUTPUTS
is available from CARDI staff based elsewhere in the
Caribbean. There are three major, but inter-related, outputs.
The Country Teams will develop Work Programmes *Technology Generation the production of
jointly with Ministry of Agriculture personnel and will employ economically viable, farm tested and validated technological a participatory approach to involve farmers and other key improvements in crop, livestock and crop/livestock
private and public sector organisations in the FSR/D systems.
*Technology Transfer the development of
The Project will also have a Technical Assistance methods for the effective transfer of these improvements to
Team comprising a Farming Systems Research Specialist extension officers and farmers.
and a Research Management Specialist from a United States
University. This team will work with Project and other CARDI *Institution Building the development and staff to effectiVely implement the FSR/D Project, and to strengthening of organisation and management systems develop, a management system for other research within CARDI to enable the institution to effectively conduct
programmes within the Institute. FSR/D and other technical programmes.
The Project commenced July 15, 1983 and is due to
LINKAGES end in 1988, by which time it is envisaged that the Project
will have achieved the following.
The major linkage of the FSR/D Project is with the
MOA's. The MOA's will participate in all phases of the FSR/D FSR/D-generated technological improvements will
process. More particularly extension and research officers have been adopted by a significant proportion of farmers.
will collaborate closely in much of the on-farm testing. The
Caribbean Agricultural Extension Project (CAEP) is also an *MOA's will be involved in the transfer of tested
important linkage in training, and in developing extension technological improvements.
materials based on CARDI's research findings. Both MOA
research and extension staff will be trained by CARDI in *FSR/D project information will be used by policy FSR/b methodology. This joint co-operation in planning, im- makers and implementors in Government, private sector
plementation, training and evaluation of on-farm studies will agencies and donor agencies.
be the central feature of the research/extension linkages
between CARD, CAEP and the MOA's. BENEFICIARIES
The Project will establish linkages with Commodity The ultimate beneficiaries of the FSR/D Project will
Organisations -- such as WINBAN and with farmers', be:
organisations. There will also be linkages with policy, credit
and marketing institutions. *Farmers: commercially oriented small and medium
size farmers in the Eastern Caribbean will benefit from.the. improved, technologies as evidenced by increased production, productivity, income, nutrition and reduction in drudgery.
*Farm families: they will benefit also from increased farm incomes and from improvements in nutrition.
*Countries: the anticipated benefits are increased food, security, reduced dependency on, food imports, increased export earnings and increased rural employment.
*MOA's: these will benefit from the training of Extension and Research Officers in FSR methodologies and an improved information base for policy making and planning.,*CARDI: the Institute as a whole will benefit from the strengthening of its organisation and management capabilities to implement FSR/D and other research programmes.