Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 The cock and the jewel
 The wolf and the lamb
 The angler and the little fish
 The frogs and the fighting...
 The kid and the wolf
 The belly and the members
 The fox and the lion
 The fox and the countryman
 Hercules and the carter
 The collier and the fuller - The...
 The fir tree and the bramble
 The geese and the cranes
 The fox and the goat
 The ox and the pig
 The stag in the ox-stall
 The vain jackdaw
 Jupiter and the camel
 The fox and the bramble
 The peacock and the magpie
 The dog and the shadow
 The sheep-biter
 The eagle and the fox
 The wolves and the sheep
 The miser and Plutus
 The old lion
 The cock and the fox
 The man and his goose
 The crow and the pitcher
 The fox and the sick lion
 The dog in the manger
 The partridge and the cocks
 The dog, the cock, and the fox
 The fox and the stork
 The wolf and the kid
 The peacock's complaint
 The creaking wheel
 The miller, his son, and his...
 The stag and the fawn
 Mercury and the woodman
 The countryman and the snake
 The two frogs
 The cat and the mice
 The ass, the lion, and the...
 The two crabs
 The eagle and the crow
 The kite, the frog, and the...
 The lion and the mouse
 The fatal marriage
 The peacock and the crane
 The envious man and the coveto...
 The monkey and the cats
 The stag and the pool
 The frogs desiring a king
 The jackdaw and the pigeons
 The mischievous dog
 The wolf and the crane
 The ant and the grasshopper
 The ant and the grasshopper - The...
 The travellers and the bear
 The viper and the file
 The wolf and the lion
 The hawk and the nightingale
 The thief and the dog
 The hares and the frogs
 The fox without a tail
 The fox without a tail - The boar...
 The owl and the grasshopper
 The shepherd's boy
 The fox and the visor-mask
 The nurse and the wolf
 The hare and the tortoise
 The mice in council
 The river fish and the sea...
 The lion and the frog - The old...
 The horse and the loaded ass
 The man and his wooden god
 The old man and his sons
 The two pots
 The ass carrying salt
 The trumpeter taken prisoner
 The sow and the wolf
 The horse and the lion
 The fox and the boar
 The lion, the ass, and the fox
 The wolf in sheep's clothing
 The sparrow and the hare
 The fox and the grapes
 The horse and the ass
 The covetous man - The wood and...
 The lion and ass hunting
 The proud frog
 The bald knight
 The husbandman and the stork -...
 The judicious lion
 The fox and the crow
 The satyr and the traveller
 The goat and the lion
 The dog and the wolf
 Fortune and the boy
 The lion, the bear, and the...
 The fox in the well
 The birds, the beasts, and the...
 A man bit by a dog
 The archer and the lion
 The birdcatcher and the lark
 The vine and the goat
 The tortoise and the eagle - The...
 The wind and the sun
 Caesar and the slave
 Aesop at play
 Back Cover

Title: Favourite book of fables
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00079973/00001
 Material Information
Title: Favourite book of fables
Uniform Title: Aesop's fables
Physical Description: 128 p., 2 leaves of plates : ill. ; 20 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Williamson ( Engraver )
Paterson, Robert, fl. 1860-1899 ( Engraver )
Small, William, 1843-1929 ( Illustrator )
Weir, Harrison, 1824-1906 ( Illustrator )
Thomas Nelson & Sons ( Publisher )
Publisher: Edinburgh :
New York :
Thomas Nelson and Sons
Place of Publication: London
Publication Date: 1890
Subject: Children -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Animals -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Animal behavior -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Children's stories   ( lcsh )
Children's stories -- 1890   ( lcsh )
Fables -- 1890   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1890
Genre: Children's stories
Fables   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
United States -- New York -- New York
Statement of Responsibility: Aesop ; with numerous illustrations.
General Note: Added title page, engraved.
General Note: Some illustrations engraved by Williamson and R. Paterson and some drawn by W. Small and Harrison Weir.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00079973
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002226095
notis - ALG6377
oclc - 182580216

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Title Page
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Table of Contents
        Page 7
        Page 8
    The cock and the jewel
        Page 9
    The wolf and the lamb
        Page 10
    The angler and the little fish
        Page 11
    The frogs and the fighting bulls
        Page 12
    The kid and the wolf
        Page 13
    The belly and the members
        Page 14
    The fox and the lion
        Page 15
    The fox and the countryman
        Page 16
    Hercules and the carter
        Page 17
    The collier and the fuller - The dove and the ant
        Page 18
    The fir tree and the bramble
        Page 19
    The geese and the cranes
        Page 20
    The fox and the goat
        Page 21
    The ox and the pig
        Page 22
    The stag in the ox-stall
        Page 23
        Page 24
    The vain jackdaw
        Page 25
    Jupiter and the camel
        Page 26
    The fox and the bramble
        Page 27
    The peacock and the magpie
        Page 28
    The dog and the shadow
        Page 29
    The sheep-biter
        Page 30
    The eagle and the fox
        Page 31
    The wolves and the sheep
        Page 32
    The miser and Plutus
        Page 33
    The old lion
        Page 34
    The cock and the fox
        Page 35
    The man and his goose
        Page 36
    The crow and the pitcher
        Page 37
    The fox and the sick lion
        Page 38
    The dog in the manger
        Page 39
    The partridge and the cocks
        Page 40
    The dog, the cock, and the fox
        Page 41
        Page 42
    The fox and the stork
        Page 43
    The wolf and the kid
        Page 44
    The peacock's complaint
        Page 45
    The creaking wheel
        Page 46
    The miller, his son, and his ass
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
    The stag and the fawn
        Page 50
    Mercury and the woodman
        Page 51
    The countryman and the snake
        Page 52
    The two frogs
        Page 53
    The cat and the mice
        Page 54
    The ass, the lion, and the cock
        Page 55
    The two crabs
        Page 56
    The eagle and the crow
        Page 57
    The kite, the frog, and the mouse
        Page 58
    The lion and the mouse
        Page 59
    The fatal marriage
        Page 60
    The peacock and the crane
        Page 61
    The envious man and the covetous
        Page 62
    The monkey and the cats
        Page 63
        Page 64
    The stag and the pool
        Page 65
    The frogs desiring a king
        Page 66
        Page 67
    The jackdaw and the pigeons
        Page 68
    The mischievous dog
        Page 69
    The wolf and the crane
        Page 70
    The ant and the grasshopper
        Page 71
    The ant and the grasshopper - The dog and the sheep
        Page 72
    The travellers and the bear
        Page 73
    The viper and the file
        Page 74
    The wolf and the lion
        Page 75
    The hawk and the nightingale
        Page 76
    The thief and the dog
        Page 77
    The hares and the frogs
        Page 78
        Page 79
    The fox without a tail
        Page 80
        Page 81
    The fox without a tail - The boar and the ass
        Page 82
    The owl and the grasshopper
        Page 83
    The shepherd's boy
        Page 84
    The fox and the visor-mask
        Page 85
    The nurse and the wolf
        Page 86
    The hare and the tortoise
        Page 87
    The mice in council
        Page 88
    The river fish and the sea fish
        Page 89
    The lion and the frog - The old woman and her maids
        Page 90
    The horse and the loaded ass
        Page 91
    The man and his wooden god
        Page 92
    The old man and his sons
        Page 93
    The two pots
        Page 94
    The ass carrying salt
        Page 95
    The trumpeter taken prisoner
        Page 96
    The sow and the wolf
        Page 97
    The horse and the lion
        Page 98
    The fox and the boar
        Page 99
    The lion, the ass, and the fox
        Page 100
    The wolf in sheep's clothing
        Page 101
    The sparrow and the hare
        Page 102
    The fox and the grapes
        Page 103
    The horse and the ass
        Page 104
    The covetous man - The wood and the clown
        Page 105
    The lion and ass hunting
        Page 106
    The proud frog
        Page 107
    The bald knight
        Page 108
    The husbandman and the stork - The ass eating thistles
        Page 109
    The judicious lion
        Page 110
    The fox and the crow
        Page 111
    The satyr and the traveller
        Page 112
    The goat and the lion
        Page 113
    The dog and the wolf
        Page 114
        Page 115
    Fortune and the boy
        Page 116
    The lion, the bear, and the fox
        Page 117
    The fox in the well
        Page 118
    The birds, the beasts, and the bat
        Page 119
    A man bit by a dog
        Page 120
    The archer and the lion
        Page 121
    The birdcatcher and the lark
        Page 122
    The vine and the goat
        Page 123
    The tortoise and the eagle - The old hound
        Page 124
    The wind and the sun
        Page 125
    Caesar and the slave
        Page 126
    Aesop at play
        Page 127
        Page 128
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text


_,,-.-__ -'_ ..
I- *" -" --,,

*. --'" .' .- -
',I,, ,. -. -, ,^ !'. ,'.- 'S *c ^^ *


-- -


s .. 1 ;'

---t .- _._-_- _

" Who hath horns in his bosom need not hut them on his head."




;-- -




London, Edinburgh, and New York




With Numerous Illustralions

A Phrygian philosopher who, originally a slave, procured his liberty by his genius.
He dedicated his fables to his patron Crcesus. The fables which we have now under
his name doubtless are a collection of fables and apologues of wits before and after
the age of JEsop, conjointly with his own."-WHITTAKER'S Classical Dictionary.

35 Paternoster Row

Co ntt t ist 5.

The Cock and the Jewel, ... ...
The Wolf and the Lamb, ... ...
The Angler and the Little Fish, ...
The Frogs and the Fighting Bulls,
The Kid and the Wolf, ...
The Belly and the Members, ...
The Fox and the Lion,
The Fox and the Countryman,
Hercules and the Carter, ... .
The Collier and the Fuller ... .
The Dove and the Ant, ... ...
The Fir Tree and the Bramble, ...
The Geese and the Cranes, ... .
The Fox and the Goat, ...
The Ox and the Pig, ... ... ...
The Stag in the Ox-Stall,... .
The Vain Jackdaw, ... ... ...
Jupiter and the Camel, ... ...
The Fox and the Bramble, ...
The Peacock and the Magpie, ...
The Dog and the Shadow, ... .
The Sheep-Biter, ... ... .
The Eagle and the Fox, ...
The Wolves and the Sheep,...
The Miser and Plutus,
The Old Lion, ... ... ... ...

The Cock and the Fox,
The Man and his Goose,
The Crow and the Pitcher, ...
The Fox and the Sick Lion,
The Dog in the Manger, .. ...
The Partridge and the Cocks,
The Dog, the Cock, and the Fox, ..
The Fox and the Stork, ...
The Wolf and the Kid,
The Peacock's Complaint, ......
The Creaking Wheel,
The Miller, his Son, and his Ass, ..
The Stag and the Fawn,
Mercury and the Woodman,
The Countryman and the Snake,
The Two Frogs,
The Cat and the Mice,
The Ass, the Lion, and the Cock,
The Two Crabs,
The Eagle and the Crow,...
The Kite, the Frog, and the Mouse,
The Lion and the Mouse,..
The Fatal Marriage, ...
The Peacock and the Crane,
The Envious Man and the Covetous,
The Monkey and the Cats, ... ..


The Stag and the Pool,
The Frogs Desiring a King,
The Jackdaw and the Pigeons,
The Mischievous Dog, ...
The Wolf and the Crane, ...
The Ant and the Grasshopper,
The Ass in the Lion's Skin,
The Dog and the Sheep,
The Travellers and the Bear,
The Viper and the File,
The Wolf and the Lion,
The Hawk and the Nightingale,
The Thief and the Dog,
The Hares and the Frogs, ...
The Fox without a Tail,
The Falconer and the Partridge,
The Boar and the Ass, ...
The Owl and the Grasshopper,
The Shepherd's Boy, ... ...
The Fox and the Visor-Mask,
The Nurse and the Wolf, ...
The Hare and the Tortoise,
The Mice in Council, ...
The River Fish and the Sea Fish,
The Lion and the Frog,
The Old Woman and her Maids,
The Horse and the Loaded Ass,
The Man and his Wooden God,
The Old Man and his Sons, ...
The Two Pots,
The Ass Carrying Salt, ...
The Trumpeter Taken Prisoner,
The Sow and the Wolf, ...

The Horse and the Lion, ... ... 98
The Fox and the Boar, ... ... 99
The Lion, the Ass, and the Fox, ... 100
The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing, ... 101
The Sparrow and the Hare, ... 102
The Fox and the Grapes, ... ... 103
The Horse and the Ass, ... ... 104
The Covetous Man, ... ... ... 105
The Wood and the Clown, ... ... 105
The Lion and Ass Hunting, ... 106
The Proud Frog, ... ... .. 107
The Bald Knight, ... ... ... 108
The Husbandman and the Stork, ... 109
The Ass Eating Thistles, ... ... 109
The Judicious Lion, ... ... ... 110
The Fox and the Crow, ... ... 111
The Satyr and the Traveller, ... 112
The Goat and the Lion, ... ... 113
The Dog and the Wolf, ... ... 114
Fortune and the Boy, ... ... 116
The Lion, the Bear, and the Fox, ... 117
The Fox in the Well, ... ... 118
The Birds, the Beasts, and the
Bat, ... ..... ... ... 119
A Man Bit by a Dog, ... ... 120
The Archer and the Lion, ... ... 121
The Birdcatcher and the Lark, ... 122
The Vine and the Goat, ... ... 123
The Tortoise and the Eagle, ... 124
The Old Hound, ... ... ... 124
The Wind and the Sun, ... ... 125
Casar and the Slave, ...... ... 126
.Esop at Play, ... ... ... ... 127


A BRISK young cock, in the company of two or three hens,
raking upon a dunghill for something to entertain them with,
happened to scratch up a jewel. The cock knew what it was
well enough, for it sparkled with an exceeding bright lustre;
but not knowing what to do with it, endeavoured to cover
his ignorance under a gay contempt. So flapping his wings,
shaking his head, and putting on a grimace, he spoke thus:
"Indeed you are a very fine thing, but I know not what
business you have here. I do not hesitate to say that my
taste lies quite another way, and I had rather have one grain
of good barley than all the jewels under the sun."
Moral.-There are several people in the world that pass
with some as being well-accomplished and of moral excellence,
though they are as great strangers to the true uses of virtue
and knowledge as the cock upon the dunghill is to the real
value of the jewel. He excuses his ignorance by pretending
that his taste lies another way. But whatever gallant airs
people may give themselves upon these occasions, without


dispute, the advantages of virtue, and the pleasures of learn-
ing, are as much to be preferred before other objects of the
senses as the finest brilliant diamond is above a barley-corn.


ONE sultry day, a wolf and a lamb happened to come just
at the same time to quench their thirst in the stream of a
clear silver brook that went tumbling down the side of a
rocky mountain. The wolf stood upon the higher ground,
and the lamb at some distance from him down the current.
However, the wolf, having a mind to pick a quarrel with
him, asked him what he meant by disturbing the water and
making it so muddy that he could not drink, and at the same
time demanded satisfaction. The lamb, frightened at this
threatening charge, told him, in as mild a tone as possible,
that, with humble submission, he could not conceive how that
could be, since the water that he drank ran down from the
wolf to him, and therefore could not be disturbed so far up
the stream. "Be that as it will," replies the wolf, "you are
a rascal, and I have been told that you spoke of me in ill
language behind my back, about half a year ago."-" Upon
my word," says the lamb, "the time you mention was before
I was born." The wolf, finding it to no purpose to argue
any longer against the truth, fell into a great passion, snarl-
ing and foaming at the mouth as if he had been mad; then
drawing nearer to the lamb, "Sirrah," says he, "if it was not
you, it was your father, and that's all one." So he seized


the poor innocent, helpless thing, tore it to pieces, and made
a meal of it.
Moral.-Where cruelty and malice are combined with
power, nothing is so easy for them as to find a pretext to
tyrannize over innocence, and exercise all manner of injustice.

___----4--~c---- --


A MAN while fishing in a river caught a small perch. While
he was taking it off the hook in order to put it into the
basket, it opened its mouth and began to implore his pity,
begging that he would throw it into the river again.
Upon the man's demanding what reason it had to expect
such a favour, the fish replied, Because at present I am
but young and little, and it is hardly worth your while to
take me; you had better take me some time hence when I
have grown larger."-" That may be," replies the man, but I
am not one of those fools who quit a certainty in expecta-
tion of an uncertainty."
Moral.--A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.



A FROG, one day peeping out of the lake, and looking about
him, saw two bulls fighting at some distance off in the
meadow, and calling to one of his acquaintance, "Look," said
he, what dreadful work is yonder Dear sirs, what will
become of us ?"-" Why, pray thee," says the other, do not
frighten yourself so about nothing; how can their quarrels
affect us ? They are of a different kind and way of living,
and are at present only contending which shall be master of
the herd."-" That is true," replied the first: their quality
and station in life is to all appearance different enough
from ours; but as one of them will certainly get the
better, he that is subdued, being beat out of the meadow,
will take refuge here in the marshes, and may possibly
tread upon some of us. So you see we are more nearly
concerned in this dispute of theirs than at first you were
aware of."
Moral.-The poor timorous frog had just reason for its
fears and suspicions. It is hardly possible for great people
to fall out without involving many below them in the same
fate; nay, whatever becomes of the former, the latter are
sure to suffer. Those may only be playing the fool, while
these really smart for it. Every person who has sense
enough to discern the pitiful private scenes that attend most
of the differences between the great ones, instead of aid-
ing or abetting either party, should, with an honest courage,
heartily and openly oppose both.


... -- ~ THE KID

S' A KID being mounted
i- TT f' '': upon the roof of a shed,
S, and seeing a wolf be-
Si low, loaded him with
all mannerof reproaches.
-. Upon which the wolf,
S looking up, replied," Do
'~~i'~-n.t \vai.l yourself, vain creature,
'. tll..l. "ll you annoyed me; for I
-.... .,k .i:":in this ill language as com-
Sin' not from you, but from the
1 l '.- '\ ich protects you."

Fools who can thus insult their betters
Are sorely to their station debtors :
Th- thi thi ,t s,-, n i ,, ,,u
I itUSt th- pli. tha l n -. i




IN former days, when the belly and other parts of the body
enjoyed the faculty of speech, and had separate views and
designs of their own, each part, it seems, in particular for
himself, and in the name of the whole, took exception at the
conduct of the belly, and were resolved to grant him supplies
no longer. They said they thought it very hard that he
should lead an idle, good-for-nothing life, spending and
squandering away upon his unworthy stomach all the fruits
of their labour; and that, in short, they were resolved for
the future to strike off his allowance and let him shift for
himself as well as he could. The hands protested that they
would not lift up a finger to keep him from starving; the
mouth wished he might never speak again if he took in the
least bit of nourishment for him as long as he lived; and said
the teeth, May we be rotten if ever we chew a morsel for the
future. This agreement was kept as long as anything of
that kind can be kept, which was, until each of the rebel
members pined away to skin and bone, and could hold out no
longer. They then found there was no doing without the
belly, and that idle and insignificant as he seemed, he did as
much for the maintenance and welfare of all the other parts
as they did for his.
Moral.-This fable was spoken by Menenius Agrippa, a
famous Roman consul and general. It is easy to discern how
the great man applied this fable; for if the branches and
members of a community refuse the government that aid
which its necessities require, the whole must perish together.



THE first time the fox saw the lion he fell down at his feet,
and was ready to die with fear. The second time he took
courage, and could even bear to look upon him. The third
time, he had the impudence to come up to him, to salute him,
and to enter into familiar conversation with him.



Be careful to avoid extremes
Of boldness or of fear;
While self-possessed your manner seems,
Let modesty appear.



A FOX being hotly pursued, and having run a long chase, was
quite tired. At last he spied a country fellow in a wood, to
whom he applied for refuge, entreating that he would give
him leave to hide himself in his cottage till the hounds were
gone by. The man consented, and the fox went and covered
himself up close in a corner of the hovel. Presently the
hunters came up, and inquired of the man if he had seen the
fox. "No," said he, "I have not seen him indeed." But all
the while he pointed with his finger to the place where the
fox was hid. However, the hunters did not understand him,
but called off their hounds and went another way. Soon
after, the fox, creeping out of his hole, was going to sneak
off, when the man, calling after him, asked him if that was
his manners, to go away without thanking his benefactor, to
whose fidelity he owed his life. Reynard, who had peeped
all the while and seen what passed, answered, "I know well
enough how much I am indebted toyou; and I assure you,
if your actions had been but agreeable to your words, I
should have tried, however incapable of it, to return you
suitable thanks."
Moral.-Sincerity is a most beautiful virtue; but there


are some whose natures are so poor-spirited and cowardly
that they are not capable of exerting it.

-.sp -- t
`'-, .~1 ,


As a clownish fellow was driving his cart along a deep miry
lane, the wheels stuck so fast in the clay that the horses
could not draw them out. Upon this he fell a bawling and
praying to Hercules to come and help him. Hercules, look-
ing down from a cloud, bid him not lie there, like an idle
fellow as he was, but get up and put his shoulder to the
Wheel, adding that this was the only way for him to obtain
his assistance.
Moral.-Providence helps those who help themselves.



THE collier and the fuller being old acquaintances, happened
once upon a time to meet together; and the latter being ill
provided with a dwelling, was invited by the former to come
and live in the same house with him. "I thank you, my
dear friend," replies the fuller, "for your kind offer, but it
cannot be; for if I were to dwell with you, whatever I should
take pains to scour and make clean in the morning, the dust
of you and your coals would blacken and defile as badly as
ever before night."
ioral.-It is of no small importance in life to be cautious
what company we keep, and with whom we enter into
friendship; for though we are ever so well-disposed our-
selves, and happen to be ever so free from vice, yet, if those
with whom we frequently converse are engaged in a wicked
course, it will be almost impossible for us to escape being
drawn in with them.



THE ant, compelled by thirst, went to drink in a clear purling
rivulet; but the current with its circling eddy snatched her
away, and carried her down the stream. The dove, pitying
her distressed condition, cropped a branch from a neighbour-
ing tree and let it fall into the water. By this means the
ant saved herself and got ashore. Not long after, a fowler
having a design upon the dove planted his net in due order,


without the bird's observing what he was about. The ant
noticed this. Just as he was going to carry out his plan she
bit him by the heel, and made him give so sudden a start
that the dove took the alarm and flew away.
Moral.-One good turn deserves another; and gratitude
is excited by so noble and natural a spirit, that he ought to be
looked upon as the vilest of creatures who has no sense of it.


A TALL, straight fir tree, that towered up in the midst of the
forest, was so proud of his dignity and high station that he
overlooked the little shrubs which grew beneath him. A
bramble being one of these, could by no means brook this
haughty bearing, and therefore took him to task, and desired
to know what he meant by it. "Because," said the fir tree,
"I look upon myself as the first tree for beauty and rank of
any in the forest: my highest twig shoots up into the clouds,
and my branches display themselves with a perpetual beauty
and verdure; while you lie grovelling upon the ground, liable
to be crushed by every foot that comes near you, and im-
poverished by the luxurious drippings which fall from my
leaves."-" All this may be true," replied the bramble; "but
when the woodman has marked you out for public use, and
the sounding axe comes to be applied to your root, I am
mistaken if you would not be glad to change conditions
with the very worst of us."
Moral.-If the great were to reckon upon the mischiefs
to which they are exposed, and the poor to consider the


dangers which they many times escape, purely by being so,
notwithstanding the seeming difference there is between
them, it would be no such easy matter as most people think
it to determine which condition is preferable. For the
higher a man is exalted, the fairer mark he gives, and the
more unlikely he is to escape a storm.

-_-, -- I --



A FLOCK of geese and a flock of cranes used often to feed
together in a corn-field. At last the owner of the corn, with
his servants, coming upon them of a sudden, surprised them
in the very act. The geese being heavy, fat, full-bodied
creatures, were most of them sufferers; but the cranes being
thin and light, easily flew away.
Moral.-When the enemy comes to make a seizure, those
are sure to suffer most whose circumstances are the richest
and fattest.



A FOX hn.inv i, t ,,rl..l ,l t'y :,.,nc int. a \i-,lI,
hl Oo.l i;,:': l ,:-;l..-. hl |l.,. i.lu t ,] I,,,'IL n il, 1 t.:. [ i.i '-
1- ,:, hl,\ hie -1..nl..l .i ,.Lt ..iut ..gain. .li, rh it Il:. t
- ***:*'itt .Uailj, t t, t .1,- .pl.-, oid w aNiT;ir t:o l1;jk ,
a k.:l R '--riaol -, l t.l. th.:- w\ fti \v; ,--'.,:,.1.
* ; :,,.1" v- -, ,' :. [,) ,-, \V.-,t-

~- _- ..__-_-_-- ,

I --

AL-- -- 7~- U

Have a care of the geese when the fox preaches.-Old Proverb.

QIA ofin!


that I am afraid I have surfeited myself, I have drunk so
abundantly." The goat, upon this, without any more ado
leaped in; and the fox, taking advantage of his horns, by
the assistance of them as nimbly leaped out, leaving the
poor goat at the bottom of the well to shift for himself.
Moral.-We ought to consider who it is that advises us
before we follow the advice. For, however plausible the
counsel may seem, if the person who gives it is a crafty
-knave, we may be perfectly sure that he intends to serve
himself in it more than us.


ONCE upon a time an ox and a pig were friends and kept
together. They made a bargain that they would never
forsake each other, but would feed together in the same
pasture. At last the pig, getting tired of feeding upon
nothing but grass, 'persuaded the ox to accompany him to
the nut-woods. "There," said he, "we can feed till we are
tired upon the finest acorns and nuts in the country." The
ox offering no objection, they set out together. But though
the pig got more food to his mind than he could possibly
eat, the poor ox could scarcely get a green blade of grass
from under the dead leaves and acorns. Just when he was
beginning to think he had acted very foolishly in leaving
his rich pasture, his master came and drove him back with
many stripes.
Moral.--Be cautious in-your choice of friends.




.1 J


A sTAG roused out of his thick covert in the midst of the
forest, and driven hard by the hounds, made towards a farm-
house, and seeing the door of an ox-stall open, entered therein,
and hid himself under a heap of straw. One of the oxen
turning his head about, asked him what he meant by veni-
turing into such a place as that, where he was sure to
meet with his doom. "Ah !" says the stag, if you will
only be so good as to favour me with your protection, I hope



I shall do well enough; I intend to make off again on the
first opportunity." Well, he stayed there till towards night.
In came the herdsman with a bundle of fodder, and never saw
him. In short, all the servants of the farm came and went,
and not a soul of them smelt anything of the matter. Nay,
the bailiff himself came, according to form, and looked in,
but walked away no wiser than the rest. Upon this the
stag, ready to jump out of his skin for joy, began to return
thanks to the good-natured oxen, telling them that they were
the most obliging people he had ever met with in his life.
After he had done his compliments, one of them answered
him gravely, "Indeed we desire nothing more than to have
it in our power to assist you to escape. But there is a certain
person you little think of who has a hundred eyes; if he
should happen to come, I would not give this straw for your
life." In the meantime, home comes the master himself
from a neighbour's, where he had been invited to dinner;
and as he had observed that the cattle looked somewhat
scurvy of late, he went up to the rack, and asked why
they had not got more fodder. Then casting his eyes
downward, "Heyday!" says he; "why so sparing of your
litter ? Pray scatter a little more here. And these cob-
webs-but I have spoken so often that unless I do it
myself-" Thus, as he went on prying into everything, he
chanced to look where the stag's horns lay sticking out of
the straw; upon which he raised a hue and cry, called all
his people about him, killed the poor stag, and made a prize
of him.
Moral.-Nobody looks after a man's affairs so well as



A CERTAIN jackdaw was so proud and ambitious that, not
content to live within his own sphere, he picked up the
feathers which fell from the peacocks, stuck them in among
his own, and very confidently introduced himself into an

_____ -- I:

assembly of those beautiful birds. They soon found him out,
stripped him of his borrowed plumes, and falling upon him
with their sharp bills, punished him as- his presumption de-
served. Upon this, full of grief and affliction, he returned to
his old companion's, and would have flocked with them again;
but they, knowing his old way of living, carefully avoided
him, and refused to admit him into their company,-and one

" 61.1.
4J ~,


of them at the same time gave him this serious reproof: If,
friend, you could have been contented with your station, and
had not disdained the rank in which nature has placed you,
you had not been used so scurvily by those upon whom you
intruded yourself, nor suffered the notorious slight which now
we think ourselves obliged to cast upon you."
.Moral.-What we may learn from this fable is, in the
main, to live contentedly in our condition, whatever it be,
without affecting to look greater than we are by a false or
borrowed light.


THE camel presented a petition to Jupiter, complaining of the
hardship of his case, in not having, like bulls and other crea-
tures, horns, or any weapons of defence, to protect himself
from the attacks of his enemies, and prayed that relief might
be given to him in such manner as might be thought most
expedient. Jupiter could not help smiling at the impertinent
address of the great, silly beast; he, however, rejected the
petition, and told the camel that, so far from granting his
unreasonable request, he 'would henceforward take care his
ears should be shortened, as a punishment for his presump-
tuous importunity.
A cheerful and contented mind
Much sorrow will prevent;
For punishment, we always find,
Will follow discontent.



A FOX, hard pressed by the hounds, was getting over a hedge,
but tore his foot upon a bramble which grew just in the
midst of it; upon which he reproached the bramblle for his
inhospitable cruelty in using a stranger, who had fled to him
for protection, after such a barbarous manner. "Yes," says
the bramble, you intended to have made me serve your turn,
I know; but take this piece of advice with you for the
future: Never lay hold of a bramble again, as you value your
person; for laying hold is a privilege that belongs to us
brambles, and we do not care to let it go out of the family."
Mloral.-This fable advises us to be cautious not to lay
hold on or meddle with in too familiar a way; for those
who can lay hold again, and are perhaps better qualified for
it than ourselves, are carefully to be avoided.



THE birds met together upon a time to choose a king; and
the peacock, standing as a candidate, displayed his gaudy
plumes, and caught the eyes of the silly multitude with the
richness of his feathers. The majority declared for him, and
clapped their wings with great applause; but just as they
were going to proclaim him, the magpie stepped forth in the
midst of the assembly and addressed himself thus to the new
king: May it please your majesty-elect to permit one of your
unworthy subjects to represent to you his suspicions and
apprehensions, in the face of this whole congregation ? We
have chosen you for our king, we have put our lives and
fortunes into your hands, and our whole hope and dependence
is upon you; if, therefore, the eagle, or the vulture, or the
kite should at any time make a descent upon us, as it is
highly probable they will, may your majesty be so gracious
as to dispel our fears, and clear our doubts about that matter,
by letting us know how you intend to defend us against
them ?" This pithy, unanswerable question drew the whole
audience into so just a'reflection that they soon resolved to
proceed to a new choice. But from that time the peacock
has been looked upon as a vain, insignificant pretender, and
the magpie esteemed as eminent a speaker as any among the
whole community of birds.
Moral.-Form and outside, in the choice of a ruler,
should not be so much regarded as the qualities and endow-
ments of the mind.


~,bC~ -~


A DOG crossing a little rivulet, with a piece of flesh in his
mouth, saw his own shadow represented in the clear mirror
of the limpid stream. Believing it to be another dog, who
was carrying another piece of flesh, he could not forbear
catching at it. So far from getting anything by his greedy
design, he dropped the piece he had in his mouth, which
immediately sank to the bottom, and was irrecoverably lost.
Moral.-He who catches at more than belongs to him,
justly deserves to lose what he has.



A CERTAIN shepherd had a dog upon whose fidelity he relied
very much; for whenever he had occasion to absent himself,
he committed the care and tuition of his flock to the charge
of this dog. And to encourage him to do this duty cheer-
fully, he fed him constantly with sweet curds and whey, and
sometimes threw him an extra crust or two. Yet, notwith-
standing this, no sooner was his back turned than that treach-
erous cur fell foul upon the flock, and worried the sheep
instead of guarding and defending them. The shepherd
being informed of this, was resolved to hang him; and the
dog, when the rope was round his neck, and he was just
about to be tied up, began to remonstrate with his master,
asking him why he was so unmercifully bent against him,
who was his own servant and creature, and had committed
only one or two crimes; and why he did not rather exe-
cute revenge upon the wolf, who was a constant, open, and
declared enemy. "Nay," replied the shepherd, "it is for
that very reason that I think you ten times more worthy
of death than he. From him I expected nothing but hos-
tilities, and- therefore could guard against him; upon you
I depended as a just and faithful servant, and fed and
encouraged you accordingly, and therefore your treachery
is the more notorious, and your ingratitude the more unpar-

Moral.-No injuries are so bitter and so inexcusable as
those which proceed from men whomn we trusted as friends,
and in whom we placed confidence.



A_ i a- k n t in t 1ul. :l -.

.t 't,. I..ut ,t ,., _,- ,..n.ri l it q uit,'

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I _______________

45 ~~=



and so bore away the cub to her young ones without show-
ing any regard to the sorrowful appeals of the fox. But
that subtle creature, highly incensed at this outrageous
barbarity, ran to an altar where some country people had
been sacrificing a kid in the open fields, and catching up
a firebrand in her mouth made towards the tree where
the eagle's nest was with a resolution of revenge. She had
scarce ascended the first branches when the eagle, terrified at
the approaching ruin of herself and family, begged of the fox
to desist, and with much submission returned her the cub
again safe and sound.
Moral.-When great men happen to be wicked, how little
scruple do they make of oppressing their poor neighbours !
They are perched upon. a lofty station, and have built their
nests on high, and having outgrown all feelings of humanity
are insensible of any pangs of remorse. But let any such,
in the midst of his flagrant injustice, remember how easy a
matter it is, notwithstanding his superior distance, for the
meanest vassal to be revenged upon him.


THE wolves and the sheep had been a long time in a state of
war together. At last a cessation of arms was proposed, in
order to a treaty of peace, and hostages were to be delivered
on both sides for security. The wolves proposed that the
sheep should give up their' dogs, on the one side, and that
they would deliver up their young ones, on the other. This


proposal was agreed to. But no sooner was it executed than
the young wolves began to howl for want of their dams. The
old ones took this opportunity to cry out that the treaty was
broken; and so, falling upon the sheep, who were destitute of
their faithful guardians the dogs, they worried and devoured
them .without control.
FMoral.-In all our transactions with mankind, even in
the most private and humble life, we should have a special
regard how and with whom we trust ourselves.


ONE windy night, a miser was wakened from his sleep by
the noise of the windows rattling, and rising from his bed,
hastened to see if all the bolts and bars were still secure.
Trembling, he walks to where his treasure lies concealed, and
opening the chest, gazes with delight upon the shining gold.
But while he feasts his eyes on the sight, conscience awakes
in him, and he wildly wrings his hands, and beats his breast,
and cries out in an agony against the gods for allowing the
earth to yield up its treasure. He blamed' gold for every
vice, and for banishing virtue from the world. While thus
he spoke, Plutus, the god of gold, stood before him, and the
miser, locking his chest, stood trembling, forced to listen while
Plutus told him that the fault lay not with the gold but
with himself, because he had abused the blessing by not using
it. He advised him to go and seek out the poor and needy
and share it with them, and not to be miserable by hoarding
it till it grew into a canker in his breast.


Moral.-Riches when well employed are a blessing, but
when abused they are sure to turn into a curse.

p.f _..... e--

onizing in te convulsive struggles of death. Upon this

A LION, worn out with old age, lay near his last breath, and
agonizing in the convulsive struggles of death. Upon this
several of the beasts, who had formerly been sufferers by
him, came and revenged themselves upon him. The boar,
with his mighty tusks, drove at him in a stroke that glanced
like lightning; and the bull gored at him with his violent
horns; which when the ass saw they might do without any
danger, he too came up, and threw his heels into -the lion's
face. Whereupon the poor old expiring tyrant uttered these
words with his last dying groan: "Alas! how grievous it is
to suffer insults, even from the brave and the valiant; but



to be spurned by so base a creature as this, who is the dis-
grace of nature, is worse than dying ten thousand deaths."
Moral.-He that would have reverence and respect from
the rest of mankind must lay in for it a foundation of one
kind or other; for people cannot be persuaded to pay defer-
ence and esteem for nothing.



THE fox, passing early one summer morning near a farm-
yard, was caught in a spring which the farmer had planted
there for that end. The cock, at a distance, saw what
had happened; and hardly yet daring to trust himself too
near so dangerous a foe, approached him cautiously and
peeped at him, not without some horror and dread of
mind. Reynard no sooner perceived it than he addressed
himself to him with all the designing artifice imaginable.
"Dear cousin," says he, "you see what an unfortunate
accident has befallen me here, and all upon your account;
for, as I was creeping through yonder hedge on my way
homeward, I heard you crow, and was resolved to ask you
how you were before I went further. But by the way I
met with this disaster; and therefore I must now become
an humble suitor to you for a knife to cut this plague of
a string, or at least ask you to conceal my misfortune
till I have gnawed it asunder with my teeth." The cock,
seeing how the case stood, made no reply, but posted away
as fast as he could, and gave the farmer an account of the
whole matter; who, taking a good weapon along with him,

L~CIL- -- _


came and killed the fox before he could have time to
effect his escape.
Moral.-Though there is no quality of the mind more
graceful in itself, or that renders it more amiable to others,
than the having a tender regard to those who are in distress,
yet we may err even in this point, unless we take care to
let our compassion flow out upon proper objects only.



A MAN had a goose which laid him a golden egg every
day; but not contented with this, which rather increased
than abated his avarice, he was resolved to kill the
goose, and cut her up, so that he might come at the inex-
haustible treasure which he' fancied she had within her. He
did so, and, to his great sorrow and disappointment, found


J.,.....'.-Many ambitious and covetous men, by making
an assay to grow very rich at once, have missed what they
aimed at, and lost what they had before.


I -

^- ,%--- ." _.^- ^ J _" =_


A CROW, ready to die with thirst, flew with joy to a pitcher
which he beheld at some distance. When he came he found
water in it indeed, but so near the bottom that with all his
stooping and straining he was not able to reach it. Then he
endeavoured to overturn the pitcher, that so at least he might
be able to get a little of it; but his strength was not sufficient
for this. At last, seeing some pebbles lying near the place, he


cast them one by one into the pitcher, and thus, by degrees,
raised the water up to the very brim, and satisfied his thirst.
Moral.-Necessity is the mother of invention.


IT was reported that the lion was sick, and the beasts were
made to believe that they could not make their court better
than by going to visit him. Most of the animals went;
but it was particularly taken notice of that the fox was not
one of the number. The lion therefore sent one of his jackals
to sound him about it, and ask him why he had so little
charity and respect as never to come near him, at a time
when he lay so dangerously ill, and everybody else had been
to see him. "Why," replies the fox, pray, present my duty
to his majesty, and tell him that I have the same respect for
him as ever, and have been coming several times to kiss his
royal hand; but I am so terribly frightened at the mouth
of his cave to see the prints of my fellow-subjects' feet all
pointing forwards and none backwards, that I have not cour-
age enough to venture in." Now the truth of the matter
was, that this sickness of the lion's was only a sham to draw
the beasts into his den, that he might the more easily devour
Moral.-A man should pause and consider the- nature of
any proposal well before he gives in to it, for a rash and
hasty compliance has been the ruin of many a one. And
it is the essence of prudence not to trust too readily.


_i". -1 i' i .

l It IX

A DOG was lying upon a manger full of hay. An ox, being
hungry, came near, and offered to e-:. of the hay; but the
envious, ill-natured cur, getting up and snarling at him,
would not suffer him to touch it. Upon which the ox, in
the bitterness of his heart, said, "A curse light on thee for
a malicious wretch, who wilt neither eat hay thyself nor
suffer others to do it."
Moral.-Envy is the most unnatural and unaccountable
of all the passions. There is scarce any other emotion of


the mind, however unreasonable, but may have something
said in excuse for it; and there are many of these weak-
nesses of the soul which, notwithstanding the wrongness and
irregularity of them, swell the heart while they last with
pleasure and gladness. But the envious man has no such
apology as this to make.



A CERTAIN man having taken a partridge, plucked some of
the feathers out of its wings, and turned it into a little yard
where he kept game-cocks. The cocks for a while made the
poor bird lead a sad life. continually pecking it and driving
it away from the meat. This treatment was taken more un-
kindly, because offered to a stranger; and the partridge could
not but conclude them the most inhospitable, uncivil people
he had ever met with. But at last observing how frequently
they quarrelled and fought with each other, he comforted
himself with this reflection, that it was no wonder they were
cruel to him, since they showed such bickering and ill-feeling
among themselves.
Moral.-There are no people under the sun so given to
division and contention as we are. Can a stranger think
it hard to be looked upon with some shyness and aversion,
when he beholds how little we spare one another? Was ever
any foreigner, merely as such, treated with half that malice
and bitterness which differing parties express towards each
other ?



A 1-'X :.- i .reI:II1 l 4 A j... -2 th i I jii s
.A I t -. ..,: i. .il. :i t. : : t iat t .. i -
31, f.,.,:,- nii~ v _.,r .,i']i.:,e..l t! r,-,i.lh t!,- ]z"''
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,i, -~

--- .
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reach, had recourse to stratagem in order to decoy him down.
" Cousin," says he, I am heartily glad to see you. But, at the
same time, I cannot help saying I am distressed I cannot pay
my respects to you in a handsome manner, owing to the
inconvenience of the place; though I suppose you will come
down presently, and so that difficulty is easily removed."-
"Indeed, cousin," says the cock, "to tell you the truth, I
do not think it safe to venture on the ground; for though
I am convinced how much you are my friend, yet I may
have the misfortune to fall into the clutches of some other
beast;- and what will become of me then ?"-" Oh dear!"
says Reynard, "is it possible that you can be so ignorant
as not to know of the peace that has lately been proclaimed
between all kinds of birds and beasts; and that we are
for the future to live in the utmost love and harmony, and
that under a severe penalty ? "-" I am glad to hear this,"
says the cock; "and here comes a friend of mine who will
be glad to hear it also." The fox, who thought the friend
referred to was some plump inhabitant of the farmyard,
turned eagerly round, and was beginning to lick his lips in
anticipation of the fine breakfast he would make, when he
was met straight in the face by a large dog, who jumped
upon him, and-killed him in a very few minutes.
Moral.-It is a very agreeable thing to see the snares
of the wicked broken and defeated by the discreet manage-
ment of the innocent; and the wiles of the crafty are often
ruinous to themselves.

Take care to be what thou wouldst seem.-Old Proverb.



THE fox invited the stork to dinner, and wishing to divert
himself at the expense of his guest, provided nothing for the
entertainment but some soup in a wide, shallow dish. This
he himself could lap up with perfect ease; but the stork,

who could but just dip in the point of his bill, was not a
bit the better all the while. However, in a few days after
the stork returned the compliment, and invited the fox; but
suffered nothing to be brought to table but some minced
meat in a glass jar, the neck of which was so deep and so
narrow that though the stork with his long bill could easily
seize the food, all that the fox, who was very hungry, could
do was to lick from the brims the-pieces of food which the


stork had left while eating. Reynard was heartily vexed
at first; but when he came to take his leave, he owned
frankly that he had been used as he deserved, and that he
had no reason to resent the ill-treatment of which he himself
had set the example.
Moral.-It is very imprudent as well as inhuman and
uncivil to affront anybody; and whoever takes the liberty
to exercise his witty talent that way must not think much
of it if he be paid back in his own coin.


THE goat going abroad to feed, shut up her young kid at
home, charging .him to bolt the door fast, and to open it to
nobody till she herself should return. The wolf, who lay in
hiding near by, heard this charge given, and soon after came
and knocked at the door, imitating the voice of the goat, and
desiring to be admitted. The kid, looking out at a window
and finding the cheat, bid him go about his business; for,
however he might imitate a goat's voice, he appeared much
too like a wolf to be trusted.
Moral.-If a child has but reason enough to consider at
all, how readily should it embrace the counsel of its father,
how attentively listen to his precepts, and how steadily follow
his advice! The father has already walked in the difficult
wilderness of life, and has observed every danger which lay
hid in its paths, to annoy the footsteps of those who never
trod the way before.


THE peacock presented a memorial to Juno, stating how
hardly he thought he was used in not having so good a
voice as the nightingale; how that bird's song was agree-

.-:"- -- ---- -._. ""* .

.. I


able to every ear that heard it, while he was laughed at for
his ugly, screaming noise if he did but open his mouth. The
goddess, concerned at the uneasiness of her favourite bird,
answered him very kindly to this purpose: "If the night-
ingale is blest with a fine voice, you have the advantage in
point of beauty and largeness of person."-" Ah !" says he,
" but what avails my silent, unmeaning beauty, when I am
so far excelled in voice ?" The goddess dismissed him, bid-
ding him consider that the properties of every creature were
appointed by the decree of Fate: to him beauty, strength to


the eagle, to the nightingale a voice of melody, the faculty
of speech to the parrot, and.to the dove innocence; that each
of these was contented with his own peculiar quality, and
that, unless he had a mind to be miserable, he must learn
to be so too.
Moral.-Since all things, as Juno says, are fixed by the
eternal and unalterable decree of Fate, how absurd it is to
hear people complaining and tormenting themselves for that
which it is impossible ever to obtain !


A COACHMAN hearing one of the wheels of his coach creak,
was surprised, but more especially when he perceived that it
was the worst wheel of the whole set, and had, as he
thought, but little pretext to take such liberty. But upon his
demanding the reason why it did so, the wheel replied that it
was natural for people who laboured under any affliction or
infirmity to complain.
Moral.-Though we naturally desire to give vent to the
fulness of our heart when it is charged with grief, and though
by uttering our complaints we may happen to move the com-
passion of those that hear us, yet, everything considered, it is
better to repress and keep them to ourselves; or, if we must
let our sorrow speak, to take care that it is done when we
are alone. Upon the whole, though we be pitied, we shall
never be the more esteemed for being miserable; and if we
can but appear happy, ten to one but we shall be beloved also.



A MILLER and his son were once driving an ass to a neigh-
bouring market-town to sell it, when they were met by a
number of people returning home. As soon as they saw the
miller and his son trudging after the ass, they said one to the

Quick believers need broad shoulders.-Old Proverb.

___~_YI~L__ _~__~ ~ i


other, "Did you ever see such a couple of stupid fellows, to
let the ass go idle when they might be riding comfortably on
his back The miller overhearing this remark, bade his
son mount the ass, while he proceeded cheerfully by his side.
After a while they came up to some old men, one of whom,
when he saw the lad riding on the ass and the old man
patiently walking by his side, exclaimed, "Do you see that
young scapegrace riding while his old father walks by his
side ? Does not that prove I am correct in saying the youth
of the present day show no respect to old age ?-Get down,
you young rogue, and let the old man take your place !" As
soon as the son heard these words he jumped off the ass
and let his father get up. In this manner they went some
distance along a sandy road, when they were met by some
peasant women, who immediately bawled out, You are a
cruel fellow, to make yourself so comfortable, while your poor
son toils through the deep sand!" The good-natured miller,
wishing to oblige all parties, desired his son to get up behind
him. In this way they were drawing near the town, when a
shepherd, minding his sheep by the roadside, called out loudly,
"Pray, my friend, does that ass belong to you ? "-" Yes,"
said the miller.-" One would scarcely have thought so, from
the unmerciful manner in which you load him. Why, you
two fellows are far better able to carry the poor animal than
he you !" The father. and son at once got down, and the son
said to his father, What shall we do now to satisfy the
people ? We had better tie the ass's feet together, and carry
him on a pole on our shoulders to market." So they tied
the ass's legs together, and by the help of a pole on their
shoulders they proceeded to carry him across a narrow bridge


which led to the .
town. This was
so novel and curi- '
ous a sight that ----
the people left
their shops and -
their houses to
enjoy the fun. --
But the ass, pa- -
tient as he is said
to be, could not
endure either his --- .
situation or the
noise on all sides -
of him; so he be-
'gan struggling witl ~ll 1 ii
might against tl:. c:i- l
which bound hi:ii. H- '
soon managed t .. H'
them asunder; andi tiuni-
bling off the pole, in his i-
fright he sprang over the low parapet of the bridge into the
river, and being carried away with the tide, he was drowned.
Upon this the miller, vexed beyond measure at having tried
to please everybody, made the best of his way home again,
mourning sadly the loss of his ass.
Moral.-To be agreeable in one's manners, and self-deny-
ing to those who need our help, is highly commendable; but as
it is impossible to please everybody, one must be guided by a
sound judgment in deciding how to practise such disposition.



A STAG, grown old and mischievous, was, according to custom,
stamping with his foot, making offers with his head, and
bellowing so terribly, that the whole herd quaked for fear of
him; when one of the little fawns coming up, addressed him
to this purpose: "Pray, what is the reason that you, who are
so brave and fearless at all other times, if you do but hear
the cry of the hounds, are ready to fly out of your skin
for fear ?"-" What you observe is true," replied the stag,
"though I know not how to account for it. I am indeed
vigorous and able enough, I think, to make my part good
anywhere, and often resolve within myself that nothing shall
ever dismay my courage for the future. But, alas I no
sooner hear the voice of a hound than all my spirits fail me,
and I cannot help making off as fast as my legs can carry me."

Moral.-This is the case of many a cowardly bully in the
world. He is disposed to be imperious and tyrannical, and to
insult his companions, and takes all opportunities of acting
according to his inclinations, but is yet cautious where he
makes his haunts, and takes care to have to do only with a
herd of rascally people as vile and mean as himself. What-
ever we do in contradiction to Nature's laws is so forced
and affected that it must needs expose us and make us
ridiculous. We talk nonsense when we argue against it,
like Teague, who being asked why he fled from his colours,
said his heart was as good as any in the regiment, but pro-
tested his cowardly legs would run away with him in spite
of himself.


A MAN was felling a tree on the bank of a river, and by
chance let slip his hatchet, which dropped into the water
and immediately sank to the bottom. Being therefore
in great distress for the loss of his tool, he sat down and
bewailed his sad plight. Upon this Mercury appeared to

him, and being informed of the cause of his complaint dived
to the bottom of the river, and coming up again showed the
man a golden hatchet, demanding if that was his. He denied
that it was; upon which Mercury dived a second time, and
brought up a silver one. The man refused it, alleging like-
wise that this was not his. He dived a third time, and
fetched up the same hatchet the man had lost, at sight of


which the poor fellow was overjoyed, and took it with all
humility and thankfulness. Mercury was so pleased with the
man's honesty that he gave him the other two into the
bargain as a reward for his just dealing. The man going
to his companions and giving them an account of what had
happened, one of them went presently to the river-side and
let his hatchet fall designedly into the stream; then sitting
down upon the bank, he fell a weeping and lamenting, as if
he had been really and sorely afflicted. Mercury appeared as
before, and diving, brought him up a golden hatchet, asking
if that was the hatchet he had lost. Transported at the
sight of the precious metal, he answered yes, and went to
snatch it greedily. But the god, detesting his abominable
impudence, not only refused to give him that, but would not
so much as let him have, his own hatchet again.
Moral.--This fable shows us truly, Honesty is the best


A VILLAGER, in a frosty, snowy winter, found a snake under
a hedge almost dead with cold. He could not help having
compassion for the poor creature, and so brought it home and
laid it upon the hearth near the fire. But it had not lain
long there before (being revived with the heat) it began to
erect itself and fly at the wife and children, filling the whole
cottage with dreadful hissings. The countryman hearing an
outcry, and seeing what the matter was, caught up a mat-
tock and soon killed the snake, reproaching him at the same


time in these words: Is this, vile wretch the reward you
make to him who saved your life ? Die as you deserve: but
a single death is too good for you."
Moral.-It is the nature of the unthankful to return evil
for good. There is nothing strange in this ill-will on the
part of the snake or the ungrateful; but the sensible part of
mankind cannot help thinking those guilty of rashness who
receive either of them into their protection.


ONE hot, sultry summer, the lakes and ponds being almost
everywhere dried up, a couple of frogs agreed to travel to-
gether in search of water. At last they came to a deep well,
and sitting upon its brink, began to consult whether they
should leap in or not. One of them was for jumping in,
urging that there was plenty of clear spring water, and no


danger of being disturbed. "Well," says the other, "all this
may be true, and yet I cannot agree with you at all; for if
the water should happen to dry up here too, how shall we
get out again ?"
,Moral.-The moral of this fable is intended to put us in
mind to "look before we leap." A good general does not
think he diminishes anything of his character when he looks
forward beyond the main action and devises measures fitted
to secure, in the event of defeat, a safe retreat.


A CERTAIN house was much infested with mice; but at last
a cat was got, who caught and ate some of them every day.
The mice, finding their numbers grow thin, consulted what
was best to be done for the preservation of the public from
the jaws of the devouring cat. They debated, and came to
this resolution, that no. one should go down below the upper
shelf. The cat, observing the mice no longer come down as
usual, hungry and disappointed of her prey, had recourse to
this stratagem: she hung, by her hinder legs on a peg
which stuck in the wall, pretending to be dead, hoping
by this lure to entice the mice to come down. She had not
been long in this posture before a cunning old mouse peeped
over the edge of the shelf, and spoke thus: "Aha, my good
friend I are you there ? there may you stay. I would not trust
myself with you though your skin were stuffed with straw."
Moral.-Prudent folks never trust a second time those
who have deceived them once.




*AN ass and a cock happened to be feeding together in the
same- place, when suddenly they spied a lion approaching
- them. This beast is reported, above all things, to have an
antipathy to the crowing of a cock; so that he no sooner
heard the voice of that bird than he took to his heels, and
ran away as fast as he could. The ass, fancying he fled
for fear of him, in the bravery of his heart pursued him,




and followed him so far that they were quite out of the
hearing of the cock; which the lion no sooner perceived
than he turned about and seized the ass. And just as
he was ready to tear him to pieces, the stupid creature is
said to have expressed himself thus: "Alas! fool that I was,
knowing the cowardice of my own nature, thus, by an affected
courage, to throw myself into the jaws of death, when I
might have remained secure and unmolested !"
Moral.-There are many who, out of ambition to ap-
pear considerable, affect to be men of spirit and courage;
but these being qualities of which they are not the rightful
owners, they generally expose themselves, and show the little
title they have to them, by endeavouring to exert and produce
them at unseasonable times or with improper persons.


IT is said to be the nature of a crab to go backwards;
however, a mother crab one day reproved her daughter, and
was in a great passion with her for her awkward gait, which
she desired her to alter, and to make conform with that
of the rest of the world. "Indeed, mother," says the young
crab, "I walk as decently as I can, and to the best of my
knowledge; but if you would have me go otherwise, I beg
you would be so good as to practise it first, and show me by
your own example how you would have me behave myself."
Moral.-Example is more instructive, or at least more
persuasive, than precept.




I r]~

_ ,_ ,
-..-~ iZ .. : -- :l ',
:. -_-, -. ._ ..---- ,t

AN eagle flew down from the
top of a high rock, and settled
upon the back of a lamb; and
then instantly flying up into the air
again, bore his bleating' prize aloft in
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the shepherd, who, finding the feet of the crow caught in
the fleece of the ram, easily took him, and gave him to his
boys for their sport and diversion.
J:/ ,,;/-We may become ridiculous to others and preju-
dicial to ourselves by an awkward and ill-judged emulation.


THERE was once a great rivalry between the frog and the
mouse which should be master of the fen, and wars ensued
upon it. But the crafty mouse, lurking under the grass in
hiding, made sudden sallies, and often took the enemy at
a disadvantage. The frog excelling in strength, and being
more able to leap abroad and take the field, challenged the
-mouse to single combat. The mouse accepted the challenge,
and each of them entered the lists armed with a point of a
bulrush instead of a spear. A kite sailing in the air beheld
them afar off; and while they were eagerly bent upon each
other and pressing on to the duel, this fatal enemy swooped
down upon them, and with her crooked talons carried off both
Moral.-Nothing so much exposes a man's weak side and
lays him open to an enemy as passion and malice. He
whose attention is wholly fixed upon revenge is ignorant of
the mischiefs that may be hatching against him from some
other quarter when he is unprovided with the means of
defence. When will he be wise and throw away the ridicu-
lous distinctions of party, those ends of bulrushes ?




A LION, faint with heat and weary with hunting, lay down
to take his repose under the spreading boughs of a thick
shady oak. It happened that while he slept a company of
scrambling mice ran over his back and waked him; upon
which, starting up, he clapped his paw upon one of them, and
was just going to put it to death, when the little supplianit
implored his mercy in a very moving manner, begging him
not to stain his noble character with the blood of so despicable
and small a beast. The lion, considering the matter, thought
proper to do as he was desired, and immediately released his

/-""^ .,


little trembling prisoner. Not long after, traversing the forest
in pursuit of his prey, the lion chanced to run into the toils
of the hunters, from whence, not being able to disengage
himself, he set up a most hideous and loud roar. The
mouse, hearing the voice and knowing it to be the lion's,
immediately ran to the place and bade him fear nothing,
for that he was his friend. Then straightway he fell to
work, and with his little sharp teeth, gnawing asunder the
knots and fastenings of the toils, set the royal brute at
MJoral.-No person in the world is so little but even the
greatest may some time or other stand in need of his assist-
ance, and consequently it is good to use mercy where there is
room for it towards those who fall within our power.

THE same lion, touched with the grateful conduct of the
mouse, and resolved not to be outdone in generosity by any
wild beast whatsoever, desired his little deliverer to name his
own terms, for he might depend upon his complying with
any proposal he should make. The mouse, fired with ambi-
tion at this gracious offer, considered not so much what was
proper for him to ask as what was in the power of his prince
to grant, and so with great confidence demanded his princely
daughter, the young lioness, in marriage. The lion consented;
but when he would have given the royal virgin into his
possession, she, like a giddy thing as she was, not minding


how she walked, by chance set her paw upon her spouse, who
was coming to meet her, and crushed her little dear to death.
Moral.-How miserable some people make themselves by
a wrong choice when they liave all the good things in the
world spread before them from which to choose! In short,
if that one particular of judgment be wanting, it is not in
the power of the greatest monarch upon earth, nor of the
repeated smiles of Fortune, to make us happy.

i.~: I iIi


THE peacock and the crane by chance met together in the
same place. The peacock, erecting his tail, displayed his
gaudy plumes, and looked with contempt upon the crane, as
some mean ordinary person. The crane, resolving to mortify
his insolence, took occasion to say that peacocks were very
fine birds indeed, if fine feathers could make them so, but
that he thought it a much nobler thing to be able to rise
that be thought it a much~ nobler thing to be able to rise,


above the clouds than to strut about upon the ground and be
gazed at by children.
Moral.-It is very absurd to slight or insult another upon
his wanting a property which we possess, for he may, for any-
thing we know, have as just reason to triumph over us, by
being master of some good quality of which we are incapable.

AN envious man happened to be offering up his prayers to
Jupiter just in the time and place with a covetous, miserable
fellow. Jupiter, not caring to be troubled with their im-
pertinences himself, sent Apollo to examine the merits of
their petitions, and to give them such relief as he should
think proper. Apollo, therefore, opened his commission, and
withal told them that, to make short of the matter, whatever
the one asked, the other should have it double. Upon this
the covetous man, though he had a thousand things to
request, yet forbore to ask first, hoping to receive a double
quantity; for he concluded that all men's wishes agreed
with his. By this means the envious man had an oppor-
tunity of preferring his petition first, which was the thing
he aimed at; so, without much hesitation, he prayed to be
relieved by having one of his eyes put out, knowing that,
in consequence, his companion would be deprived of both.
Moral.-In this fable the folly of those two vices, envy
and avarice, is fully exposed. The miser is distressed with


fears that another should be richer than himself, and the
envious man will rather lose the chance of good things than
see others receive them. These are the true tempers of the
covetous and envious-selfishness in both.


Two cats, being very hungry, looked about for something to
eat, and finding a cupboard door open, stole a piece of cheese.
When they had scampered away with it to a place of
security, they began to think of dividing it. But they
could not'agree about it; and after a great deal of talking
they at last made up their minds that they must go to law,


and decided to lay the matter before a cunning monkey, who
they thought would tell them correctly. "Let me see," said
the judge, looking very wise: "I must get a pair of scales in
the first place." And when he had procured them he sat down.
"Ay," said he, putting in a slice to each scale, "this one is
much heavier than the other." He therefore bit off a large
piece, telling them that he would manage by that means
to make a fair balance. The other scale had now become
too heavy. "Tuts, that is very strange said the monkey;
"but I can easily make it right." And he bit off a second
mouthful. "Stop, stop !" cried the poor cats; "we will be
content with what is left for our share."-" Not at all,"
replied the monkey; "the law must have its course. If you
are content, my friends, justice is not." He then, looking
very sternly at the two cats, nibbled first at one piece and
then at the other, till they saw that their cheese was about
to be eaten up altogether. They humbly begged him not to
put himself to any more trouble, but to give them what
remained. That is a very good joke," laughed the monkey.
"But not quite so fast, I beseech you, my dear friends. We
owe justice to ourselves as well as to you; and the remainder
is due to your lawyer." Saying this, he crammed the whole
of the cheese into his mouth, and with a very polite bow
bade them both good-day.
Moral.-We may learn from this fable that it is better
to put up with a trifling loss than to run the risk of going
to law and losing all we possess. As the old English
proverb has it,-" Lawyers build their houses upon the heads
of fools."


- -- 'r-.-z

~- ..-,*:*


WHILE a stag was drinking at a pool one day, he saw his

form reflected in the clear water; and so pleased was he

with the sight, that he stood for ever so long gazing at it.

"Ah," says he, "what a lovely pair of branching antlers

these are; how they tower above my head, and give an

agreeable turn to my whole face If some other parts of my

body were only like them, I would turn my back to nobody;

-----~ ---
--~---C-- i-

~- -- ---


but I have such a set of legs, I am really quite ashamed to
look at them, and I wish I had none at all." While he was
giving himself these airs, he was alarmed by the noise of
some huntsmen, and a pack of hounds that had just found
the scent and were making towards him. Away he flew
over the plain, soon leaving the men and dogs at a vast
distance behind him. Unfortunately he got"'into a thick
copse, and was caught in a thicket by his horns, where he
was held fast till the hounds came in and pulled him down.
He now saw what a mistake he had made in decrying his
legs, which would have carried him out of danger; and in
being proud of those horns, which had caused his ruin.
Moral.-Perhaps we cannot apply this better than by
suggesting that the charms we most admire in ourselves may
be a source of danger to us, while others that we treat with
scorn may prove of great service.


THE frogs, living an easy, free life everywhere among the
kes and ponds, assembled together one day in a very
tumultuous manner, and petitioned Jupiter to let them have
a king, who might look after their morals and make them
live a little more honestly. Jupiter being at that time in
pretty good humour, was pleased to laugh heartily at their
ridiculous request, and throwing a little log down into the
pool, cried, "There is a king for you." The sudden splash
which this made by its fall into the water at first so terrified


them that they were afraid to come near it. But in a
little time, seeing it lay perfectly still, they ventured by
degrees to approach it; and at last, finding there was no
danger, they leaped upon it.
and, in short, treated. t :.-
familiarly as they pl-;', --

But not contented
with so spiritless
a king as this, they
sent their deputies
to petition again
for one of another
sort, for this they
neither did nor
could like. Upon
that he sent them
a stork, who, with-
out any ceremony,
fell to devouring
and eating them
up, one after an-
other, as fast as he
could. They then
applied privately
to Mercury, and
got him to speak

to Jupiter in their behalf-that he would be so good as bless
them again with another king, or restore them to their former
state. No," says he: "since it was their own choice, let the
obstinate wretches suffer the punishment due to their folly."

--- ---- .


-s-,_ .


Moral.-" Wherefore, my dear countrymen," says iEsop,
"be contented with your present condition, bad as it is, lest
a change should be worse."


A JACKDAW, observing that the pigeons in a certain dove-cot
lived well and wanted for nothing, whitewashed his feathers,
and endeavouring to look as much like a dove as he could,
went and lived among them. The pigeons, not distin-
-guishing him as long as he kept silent, forbore to give
him any disturbance. But at last he forgot his character,
and began to chatter; whereupon the pigeons, discovering
what he was, flew upon him, and beat him away from the
meat, so that he was obliged to fly back to the jackdaws.
They, not knowing him in his discoloured feathers, drove
him away likewise; so that he who had endeavoured to be
more than he had a right to was not permitted to be any-
thing at all.
Moral.-Pretending to be what we are not, either out
of fear or any prospect of advantage, is a very base, vile
thing, and whoever is guilty of it deserves to meet with
ill-treatment from all sorts and conditions of men. But
there is no fear of such counterfeits imposing in disguise
upon the world long; for when people are acting a wrong
part their very voice betrays them--they either cannot act
their part sufficiently, or they overact it.



A CEItTAIN man had a dog who was so ill-natured and
mischievous that his master was obliged to fasten a heavy
clog round his neck, to prevent him from running at and
worrying people. The dog, instead of being ashamed at this,
was so vain that he looked upon it as a badge of honour;
and he strutted about the public streets, and grew so insolent
upon it that he looked down with an air of scorn on his
fellow-dogs, and refused to keep company with them any
longer. But one of the dogs slyly whispered in his ear that


he had no reason to be vain of the favour he wore, since it
was fixed upon him as a mark of disgrace rather than of
Moral.-Some people will become famous, even if it be
only for their follies.


A WOLF, after devouring his prey, happened to have a bone
stuck in his throat. It gave him so much pain that he
went howling up and down, appealing to every creature he
met to lend him a kind hand in order to his relief; nay, he
promised a reasonable reward to any one that should under-
take the operation with success. At last the crane, tempted
with the lucre of the reward, and having first persuaded him
to confirm his promise with an oath, undertook the business,
and ventured his long neck into the rapacious felon's throat.
He soon picked out the bone, and expected the promised
gratuity; when the wolf, turning his eyes disdainfully towards
him, said, "I did not think you would be so unreasonable.
I had your head in my mouth, and could have bit it off
whenever I pleased, but suffered you to take it away with-
out any damage, and yet you are not contented."
Moral.-There is a sort of people in the world to whom
a man may for two reasons be in the wrong for doing
services. First, because they never deserved to have a good
office done them; and secondly, because when once assisted
it is so hard a matter to get well rid of their acquaintance.



IN the winter season a commonwealth of ants were busily
employed in the management and preservation of their corn,
which they exposed to the air in heaps round about the
avenues of their little country habitation. A grasshopper who
had chanced to outlive the summer, and was ready to starve
with cold and hunger, approached them with great humility;
and begged that they would believee his necessity with one
grain of wheat or rye. One of the ants asked him how he
had disposed of his time in summer, that he had not taken
pains to lay in a stock as they had done. "Alas! gentle-
men," says he, "I passed the time merrily and pleasantly
in drinking, singing, and dancing, and never once thought
of winter."-" If that be the case," replied the ant, laughing,
"all I have to say is, that they who drink, sing, and. dance
in summer may starve in winter."
M* oral.--From this fable we learn this admirable lesson
-never to lose any present opportunity of providing against
the future evils and accidents of life.



AN ass finding the skin of a lion, put it on, and going into
the woods and pastures, threw all the flocks and herds into
a terrible fright. At last, meeting his owner, he would have
frightened him also; but the good man, seeing his long ears
sticking out, presently knew him, and with a good cudgel
made him sensible that, notwithstanding his being dressed in
a lion's skin, he was really no more than an ass.
Moral.-He who puts on a show of learning, of religion,
of a superior capacity in any respect, or, in short, of any
virtue or knowledge to which he has no proper claim, is, and
will always be found to be, "an ass in a lion's skin."



THE dog sued the sheep for a debt, and the kite and the wolf
were to act as judges. Without debating long upon the
matter, or making any scruple for want of evidence, they
gave sentence for the plaintiff, who immediately tore the
poor sheep in pieces, and divided the spoil with the unjust
Moral.-Deplorable are the times when open, barefaced
villany is protected and encouraged, when innocence is ob-
noxious, honesty contemptible, and it is reckoned criminal
to espouse the cause of virtue




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ture, supposing him to be a dead carcass, went back again
into the wood without doing him the least harm. When all
was over, the man who had climbed the tree came down to
his companion, and with a -pleasant smile asked him what the
bear had said to him; "for," said he, "I took notice that
he clapped his mouth very close to your ear."-" Why," re-
plied the other earnestly, "he charged me to take care for
the future to place no confidence in such cowardly rascals
as you."
Moral.-Though nothing is more common than to hear
people profess services of friendship where there is no occa-
sion for them, yet scarcely anything is so hard to be found
as a true friend, who will assist us in the time of danger
and difficulty.


A VIPER entering a smith's shop, looked up and down for
something to eat; and seeing a file, fell to gnawing-it as
greedily as could be. The file told him very gruffly that he
had better be quiet and let him alone, for he would get very
little by nibbling at one who upon occasion could bite iron
and steel.
Moral.-By this fable we are cautioned to consider what
any person is before we make an attack upon him, after any
manner whatsoever. This fable, besides, is not an improper
picture of envy, which, rather than not bite at all, will fall
foul where it can hurt nothing but itself.


j 5 -'P


As a wolf was taking to his den a lamb which he had stolen
from a sheep-fold, a fierce lion met him. As soon as the wolf
caught sight of the king of beasts, he dropped the lamb, and
ran away to a safe distance. The lion at once seized the
lamb in his teeth, and was about to carry it away, when the
wolf called out that it was a great shame to rob him of his
property. The lion looked at the cunning wolf, and with a


smile replied, "I am to suppose then, sirrah, that your friend
the shepherd has been making you a present "
Moral.-When we are unkind to others, we do not like to
be treated in the same manner.


A NIGHTINGALE, sitting all alone among the shady branches
of an oak, sang with so melodious and shrill a pipe that she
made the woods echo again, and alarmed a hungry hawk,
who at some distance off was watching for his prey. No
sooner had he discovered the little musician than, making a
swoop at the place, he seized her with his crooked talons and
bade her prepare for death. Ah says the nightingale,
"for pity's sake don't do so barbarous a thing and so
little becoming you. Consider I never did you any wrong,
and am but a poor small morsel for such a stomach as
yours; rather attack some larger fowl which may bring
you more credit and a better meal, and let me go."-" Ay,"
said the hawk, "persuade me to it if you can. I have
been upon the watch all day long, and have not found a
bit of anything till I caught you; and now you would'
have me let you go, in hopes of something better, would
you ? Pray, who would be the fool then ?"
Moral.-They who neglect the opportunity of reaping a
small advantage, in hopes they shall obtain a better, are far
from acting upon a reasonable and well-advised foundation.
Besides, "a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush."


A ROBBER, lurking behind a house at night, was troubled in
his designs by the watchfulness of a fierce dog, which growled
and barked at him constantly. Whereupon the man, with a
view to quiet him, threw him a tempting bone; but this the

dog refused with all the greater anger, giving him to under-
stand that whereas he had only viewed him with mistrust
before, his bad opinion was fully confirmed by the offer of a
bribe to silence. The dog added plainly, that as he was
intrusted with the guardianship of his master's house, he
would never cease to growl and give the alarm while such
a rogue was to be seen about.

i.,l r-


Moral.-If you have reason.to be doubtful of some course
suggested to you, there is all the more ground for suspicion
when your adviser tries to coax you into it by using flatter-
ing words.


DURING a great storm of wind that blew among the trees and
bushes, and made a rustling with the leaves, the hares in a
certain park, where there happened to be plenty of them,
were so terribly frightened that they ran all over the place,
resolving to seek out some retreat of greater security, or to
end their unhappy days by doing violence to themselves.
With this resolution, they found an outlet where a pale had
been broken down; and bolting forth upon an. adjoining
common, had not run far before their course was stopped by
that of a gentle brook, which glided across the way they in-
tended to take. This was so grievous a disappointment that
they were not able to bear it, and they determined to throw
themselves headlong into the water, come what would, rather
than lead a life so full of dangers and crosses. But upon
their coming to the brink of the river, a number of frogs
which were sitting there, frightened at their approach, leaped
into the stream in great confusion, and dived to the very
bottom for fear; which a cunning old puss observing, called
to the rest, and said, "Hold! have a care what you do.
Here are other creatures, I perceive, which have their fears
as well as we; don't, then, let us fancy ourselves the most
miserable of any upon earth, but rather, by their example,


learn to bear patiently those inconveniences which nature
has thrown upon us."
Moral.-What shall we say to those who have a way of

creating for themselves panics, from the rustling of the wind,
or the scratching of a rat or a mouse behind the hangings ?
Their whole life is as full of alarms as that of a hare, and


they never think themselves so happy as when, like the tim-
orous folks in the fable, they meet with a set of creatures
as fearful as themselves.


A Fox being caught in a steel trap by his tail, was glad to
escape with the loss of that member only; but upon coming
abroad into the world, he so felt the disgrace which such a
defect would bring upon him, that he almost wished he had
died rather than left his tail behind him. However, to make
the best of a bad matter, he formed a project in his head-to
call an assembly of the rest of the foxes, and propose it for
their imitation, as a fashion which would be very agreeable
and becoming. He did so; and made a long speech upon
the uselessness of tails in general, and endeavoured chiefly
to show the awkwardness and inconvenience of a fox's tail in
particular; adding that it would be both more graceful and
more expeditious' to be altogether without them; and that,
for his part, what he had only imagined and conjectured be-
fore, he now found by experience; for that he never enjoyed
himself so well, nor found himself so easy, as he had done
since he cut off his tail. He said no more, but looked about
him with a brisk air to see what converts he had gained;
when a sly old thief in the company, who understood "trap,"
answered him with a leer, "I believe you may have a con-
veniency in parting with your tail, and when we are in the
same circumstances, we may perhaps do so too."



Moral.-If men were but generally as prudent as foxes,
they would not suffer the many silly fashions which are
daily introduced, and for which scarcely any reason can be
assigned, except the humour of some conceited, vain crea-
ture; unless, which is fully as bad, they are intended to
excuse some defect in the person that introduces them.



A FALCONER having taken a partridge in his net, the bird
begged hard for a reprieve, and promised the man, if he would
let him go, to decoy other partridges into his net.-" No,"
replies the falconer: "I was determined not to spare you, but
now you have condemned yourself by your own words; for
he who is such a scoundrel as to offer to betray his friends to
save himself, deserves, if possible, worse than death."
Moral.-However convenient it may be for us to like the
treason, we must be very destitute of honour not to hate and
abominate the traitor.


A LITTLE scoundrel of an ass happening to meet with a
boar, had a mind to be waggish. "And so, brother," says
he, "your humble servant." The boar, somewhat nettled
at this familiarity, bristled up to him and told him he was
surprised to hear him utter so impudent an untruth, and was
just going to show his noble resentment by giving him a
rip in the flank; but. wisely stifling his passion, he contented
himself with only saying, Go, you sorry beast! I could be
amply and easily revenged upon you, but :I do not care to
foul my tusks with the blood of so base a creature."-
Moral.-Fools are sometimes so ambitious of being
thought wits, that they run. great hazards in attempting to
show themselves such.



AN owl sat sleeping in a tree; but a grasshopper, who was
singing beneath, would not let her be quiet, abusing her with
very uncivil language, and telling her she was a scandalous
person who worked at night to get her living, and -shut her-
self up all day in a hollow tree. The owl desired her to hold
her tongue and be quiet; notwithstanding which she became
more impertinent than ever. She begged of her a second
time to leave off, but all to no purpose. The owl, vexed to
find that all she said went for nothing, cast about to allure
her by a trick. "Well," says she, "since one must be kept
awake, it is pleasant that it be by so agreeable a voice, which
I must confess is in no way inferior to the finest harp. And
now I think of it, I have a bottle of excellent nectar, which
my mistress Pallas gave me; if you have a mind, I will
give you a drop to moisten your throat." The grasshopper,
ready to die with thirst, and at the same time pleased to be
so complimented upon account of her voice, skipped up to the
place very briskly; when the owl, advancing to meet her,
seized her, and without much delay made her a sacrifice to her -:
revenge-securing to herself, by the death of her enemy,
possession of that quiet which during her lifetime she could
not enjoy.
Moral.-Humanity, or what we understand by common
civility, is a duty that is not more necessary than it is easy
to practise. The man that is guilty of ill-manners, if he
has been bred to know what is meant by manners, must do
violence to himself as well as to the person he offends, and


cannot be unkind to others without being cruel to his own


A CERTAIN shepherd-boy kept his sheep upon a common,
and in sportive frolic would often cry out, The wolf i the
wolf!" By this means he several times drew the husband-
men in an adjoining field from their work; who, finding them-
selves deluded, resolved for the future to take no notice of
his alarm. Soon after the wolf came indeed. The boy cried
out in earnest; but no heed being given to his cries, the
sheep were devoured by the wolf.
Moral.-He that is discovered to be a habitual liar, be-
sides the disgrace and reproach of the thing, incurs this mis-
chief, that he will scarce be able to get any one to believe
him again.


I -7 Fa,

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A Fox being in a shop where visor-masks were sold, laid his
foot upon one of them, and considering it a while attentively,
at last broke out into this exclamation: "Bless me !" says he,
" what a handsome, goodly figure this makes What a pity
it is that it should want brains !"


Moral.-This is levelled at that numerous part of man-
kind who, out of their ample fortunes, take care to furnish
themselves with everything but common sense. Many of the
faces one meets with among the gay, frolicsome part of our
race, if searched for brains, would appear as arrant visors as
that in the fable.


A NURSE, who was endeavouring to quiet a troublesome, bawl-
ing child, among other attempts threatened to throw it out of
doors to the wolf if. it did not leave off crying. A wolf, who
chanced to be prowling near the door just at the time, heard
the expression, and believing the woman to be in earnest,
waited a long time about the house in expectation of seeing
her words made good. But at last the child, wearied with its
own importunings, fell asleep; and the poor wolf was forced
to return to the woods empty and supperless. The fox,
meeting him, and surprised to see him go home so thin and
disconsolate, asked him what the matter was, and how he
came to speed no better that night. Ah do not ask me,"
says he. "I was so silly as to believe what the nurse said,
and have been disappointed."
Moral.--All the moralists have agreed to interpret this
fable as a caution never to trust a woman. What reasons
they could have for giving so rough and uncourtly a pre-
cept it is not easy to imagine. Moreover, we need not
always take people at their word.



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the tortoise to such a degree that she made a jest of the
matter. Finding herself a little tired, she squatted in a tuft
of fern that grew by the way, and took a nap, thinking that


if the tortoise went by she could at any time overtake him.
In the meantime the tortoise came jogging on with a slow
but continued motion; and the hare, too confident of victory,
slept on, while the tortoise arrived first at the goal.
Mloral.-Industry and application make amends for the
want of a quick and ready wit. The victory is not always
to the strong, nor the race to the swift.


A CERTAIN house -was so grievously plagued with mice that
at length a cat had to be got. She caught and devoured
some of them every night. The mice, seeing their number
ever lessening, called a meeting to see what methods could
be devised to protect them from the ravages of their cruel,
remorseless enemy. At this council many plans were pro-
posed and rejected. At last a young mouse rose up, and
suggested that a bell should be hung round the cat's neck,
so that they might have timely warning of her approach,
and make good their escape into their holes. This proposal
was loudly applauded by all the junior members, and was
at once agreed to by all. Upon this, an old gray mouse,
who had sat silent all the while, stepped forward, and in
a short speech said the proposal of his young friend was
indeed a most admirable one, and that the mouse who
made it was without doubt an ingenious fellow; but he
said he thought it would not be proper to give him a vote
of thanks till he should further inform them how this bell


was to be fastened about the cat's neck, and what mouse
would undertake it. The mice looked into each other's
faces; but as no reply was given to the question, the as-
sembly dispersed.
Mloral.--Many things appear easy in speculation which
are afterwards found to be impracticable; and it is generally
easier to propose than to execute.


THE waters of a river being much swollen by a great
flood, the stream ran down with a violent current, and by
its rapid force carried a huge fish along with it into the
sea. This lively, gay fresh-water fish was no sooner come
into a new climate than he began to give himself airs, to talk
big, and to look with contempt on the finny inhabitants of
the place. He boasted that he was of better country and
family than any among them, for which reason they ought
to give place to him and pay him respect accordingly. A
fine large mullet that happened to swim near him, and to hear
his insolent language, bid him hold his silly tongue; for if
they should be taken by fishermen and carried to market, he
would soon be convinced who ought to have the preference.
"We," said he, "should be bought up at any price for the
tables of the first quality, and you sold to the poor for little
or nothing."
Moral.-It proceeds from a want either of sense or breed-
ing, or both, when foreigners speak slightingly of the country
they happen to be in, and cry up their own.


THE lion hearing an odd kind of hollow voice, and seeing
nobody, started up; he listened again, and perceiving the
voice to continue, even trembled and quaked for fear. At
last, seeing a frog crawl out of the lake, and finding that the
noise he had heard was nothing but the croaking of that little
creature, he went up to it, and partly out of anger, partly
out of contempt, spurned it to pieces with his feet.
3Moral.-This fable is a pretty image of the vain fears
and empty terrors with which our weak, misguided nature is
so apt to be alarmed and distracted. If we hear but ever so
little a noise, which we are not able to account for imme-
diately, nay, often before we give ourselves time to consider
it at all, we are struck with fear, and labour under a, most
unmanly, unreasonable terror.


A CERTAIN old woman had several maids whom she used to
call up to their work every morning at the crowing of the
cock. The girls, who found it grievous to have their sleep
disturbed so early, combined together and killed the cock,
thinking that when the alarm was gone they might enjoy
themselves in their warm beds a little longer. The old
woman, grieved for the loss of her cock, and having dis-
covered the plot, was resolved to be even with them, for from
that time she obliged them to rise constantly at midnight.


Moral.-It can never be expected that things should in
all respects be agreeable to our wishes, and if they are not
very bad indeed, we ought in many cases to be contented
with them.


AN idle horse and an ass labouring under a heavy burden
were travelling the road together. Both belonged to one


L~T~~~ ~i


master, who trudged along on foot with them. The ass, ready
to faint under his heavy load, entreated the horse to assist
him. But the horse was ill-natured, and refused to do so.
The ass did his best to drag his weary limbs along; but the
weight being too much for him, he dropped down upon the
road and died. The master tried in various ways to restore
him, but all to no purpose; which when he perceived, he
took the load from the back of the poor ass and laid it on
that of the horse, and made him carry the body of the
ass also. So the horse, by refusing to do a small kindness,
brought upon himself a great inconvenience.
Moral.-To be ready to assist our friends upon all occa-
sions is not only good as an act of humanity, but is highly
discreet, as it gives us an opportunity of lightening the
burden of life.


A MAN having a wooden god, worshipped it every day, and
among other things prayed particularly for wealth, because
his circumstances were poor. But when he had continued
to do this for many days to no purpose, in a passion at the
disappointment he took the image by the legs, knocked it
against the pavement, and broke it in pieces; upon which a
great quantity of money which had been enclosed within it
flew out. The man no sooner saw this than he addressed
himself to the idol. "-Thou stubborn, vexatious deity," said
he, while I humbly besought thee, thou hadst no regard
to my prayers; but now thou art used ill and broken to


pieces, thou dost pour forth good things in an even greater
abundance than I could desire."
Moral.-It is often those we abuse most who are our
truest friends.



AN old man had many sons, who were often falling out with
one another. When the father had exerted his authority
and used other means in order to reconcile them, and all to
no purpose, he at last tried this course:-He ordered his sons
to be called before him, and a short bundle of sticks to be
brought; he then commanded them, one by one, to try if,
with all their might and strength, they could any of them
break it. They all tried, but in vain; for the. sticks
being closely and compactly bound up together, it was im-
possible for the force of man to do it. After this, the father


ordered the bundle to be untied, and gave a single stick to
each of his sons, at the same time bidding him try to break
it. When each had done this quite easily, the father ad-
"dressed them to this effect:- "0 my sons, behold the power
of unity! for if you, in like manner, would but keep your-
selves strictly joined together in the bonds of friendship, it
would not be in the power of any mortal to hurt you; but
when once the ties of brotherly affection are .broken, how soon
do you fall to pieces, and are liable to be violated by every
injurious hand that assails you !"
Moral.-Union is strength: a threefold cord is not easily

AN earthen pot and a brass one, standing together upon the
river's bank, were both carried away by the flowing of the
stream. The earthen pot showed some uneasiness, fearing lest
he should be broken; but his companion of brass bid him be
under no fears, since he would take care of him. "Oh,"
replies the other, "keep as far off as ever you can, I entreat
you. It is you I am most afraid of; for whether the stream
dashes you against me, or me against you, I am sure to be
the sufferer, and therefore I beg of you, do not let us come
near one another."
Moral.-People of equal condition may float down the
current of life without hurting each other; but it is a point
of some difficulty to steer one's course in the company of the
great so as to escape injury.



A MAN who had' an ass
heard that salt could be .
bought at the seaside much -
cheaper than anywhere else,
and so he set put to buy
some. He loaded his ass
heavily with it, and turned
his face homewards. But
it so happened that there a-i -
narrow bridge over a river v.l-hii tlh.ey
had to cross, and while dl:-iig -: tihe -. _
stumbled and fell into the water with his load. The salt
began to melt so rapidly that the ass gained the bank with
ease, and pursued his journey, not only with a lighter
burden, but with a lightsome heart. Not very long after
thi.. the man went again to the sea-

.. _-:: ----;--i-, -- ,':, =. .------'-- _

----- ----

~--------- ~



fore. As they again proceeded on their journey home, they
came to the bridge where the ass had fallen into the stream.
He recollected how the accident had helped him to get rid of
his load on the previous occasion, and he now stumbled so that
he again fell into the water, and the salt was again lost. The
man could not but see that the ass had relieved himself pur-
posely this time of his burden, and he determined he would
cure him of this bad habit. On their next journey, therefore,
the man bought a load of sponges; and when the ass rolled
himself into the stream, he found that, instead of lessening
his load as before, he had more than doubled its weight.
MIoral.-It is best to do our duty, however hard, else
we may suffer in'the end.


A TRUMPETER being taken prisoner in battle, begged hard for
quarter, declaring his innocence, and protesting that he neither
had killed nor could kill any man, bearing no arms but only
his trumpet, which he was obliged to sound at the word of
command. "For that reason," replied his enemies, "we are
determined not to spare you; for though you yourself never
fight, yet, with that wicked instrument of yours, you stir up
animosity between other people, and so become the occasion of
much bloodshed."
Moral.-A man may be guilty of murder who has never
handled a sword, or pulled a trigger, or lifted up his arm with
any mischievous weapon. There is a little incendiary, called


the tongue, which is more venomous than a poisoned arrow,
and more killing than a two-edged sword. The moral of the
fable therefore is this; that if in any civil insurrection the
persons taken in arms against the government deserve to die,
much more do they whose wicked tongues cause the sedition
and excite the tumult.


A sow lay in the sty with her whole litter of pigs about her.
A wolf who longed for one of them, but knew not how to
come at it, endeavoured to insinuate himself into the sow's
good opinion; accordingly coming up to her, How does the
good woman in the straw do ?" says he. Can I be of any
service to you, Mrs. Sow, in relation to your little family
here ? If you have a mind to go abroad and air yourself a
little, you may depend upon it I will take as much care
of your pigs as you could do yourself."-" Your humble
servant," says the sow, I thoroughly understand your
meaning; and, to let you know I do, I must be so free as to
tell you I had rather have your room than your company;
and therefore, if you would act like a wolf of honour, and
oblige me, I beg I may never see your face again."
Moral.-We should resolve not to receive even favours
from bad people; for should it happen that some immediate
mischief was not designed in them,; it is yet dangerous to
be obliged to such people, or to give them a chance of hav-
ing anything to do with us.



A LION seeing a fine plump nag, had a great mind to eat a
bit of him, but knew not which way to get him into his
power. At last he bethought himself of this contrivance:
he gave out that he was a physician who, having gained
experience by his travels into foreign countries, had made
himself capable of curing any sort of malady or distemper
incident to any kind of beast, hoping by this stratagem to
gain an easier admittance among cattle, and find an oppor-
tunity to carry out his design. The horse, who guessed his
intention, was resolved to be even with him; and so humour-
ing the thing as if he suspected nothing, he prayed the lion
to give him his advice in relation to a thorn he had got in
his foot, which had quite lamed him, and gave him great
pain and uneasiness. The lion readily agreed, and desired
he might see the foot. Upon which the horse lifted up one
of his hind legs, and while the lion pretended to be poring
earnestly upon his hoof, gave him such a kick in the face
as quite stunned him, and left him sprawling upon the
ground. In the meantime the horse trotted away, neighing
and laughing merrily at the success of the trick, by which
he had defeated the purpose of one who intended to have
tricked him out of his life.
Moral.-Though all manner of fraud and tricking is
mean, and utterly beneath a man of sense and honour, yet
methinks equity itself allows us to disappoint the deceiver,
and to repel craft by cunning.



THE boar stood whetting his tusks against an old tree. The
fox, who happened to come by at the same time, asked him
why he made those warlike preparations of whetting his
teeth, since there was no enemy near that he could see.
" That may be, Master Reynard," says the boar; but we must
scour up our arms while we have leisure, you know, for in
time of danger we shall have something else to do."


MIoral.-In fair weather prepare for foul, for danger is
next neighbour to security.


THE lion, the ass, and the fox went hunting together in the
forest; and it was agreed that whatever was taken should
be divided amongst them. They happened to have very
good sport, and caught a large fat stag, which the lion
ordered the ass to divide. The ass, as best he could, did so,
and made three pretty equal shares. But such notions of
equality did not suit the craving temper of the greedy lion.
Without further delay he flew upon the ass and tore him in
pieces, and then bid the fox divide it into two parts. Rey-
nard, who seldom wanted a prompter, however, had his cue
Given him sufficiently upon this occasion; and so nibbling
off one little bit for himself, he laid forth all the rest for the
lion's portion. The royal brute was so delighted at this
dutiful and handsome proof of his respect, that he could
not forbear expressing himself, and asked him where he could
possibly have learned so proper and so courtly a behaviour.
" Why," replied Reynard, to tell your majesty the truth, I
was' taught it by the ass that lies dead there."
Moral.-We may learn a good deal from the examples of
other people, if we will but take the pains -to observe them.
And besides the profit of the instructions, there is no small
pleasure in being taught any proper science at the expense of
somebody else.


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