Key West gazette

Material Information

Key West gazette
Uniform Title:
Key West gazette (Key West, Fla. 1831)
Alternate Title:
Place of Publication:
Key West [Fla
Creation Date:
February 8, 1832
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Key West (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Monroe County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Monroe -- Key West
24.559167 x -81.784031


Dates or Sequential Designation:
No. 1 (Mar. 28, 1831) ; vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 20, 1831)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Suspended from June 8-Oct. 12, 1831.
General Note:
Published by: B.B. Strobel & L.M. Stone.

Record Information

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University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002042440 ( ALEPH )
33271080 ( OCLC )
AKN0304 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026783 ( LCCN )


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VOL. I. KEY WEST, WEDNESDAY, FEB. 8, 1832; :.. NO: 2 3. ,
.. "
_. t' o----C::
,.......r -- ---::- .... tameless fire of brow just,quitted; lie was! not a dozen yards of,.!hilly regions to their cities in the! plains;:
THE GAZETTE. l\Iournrul-but! dearer far I call its mingled above my bend, ami his first spring must immense reservoirs forholding! rain wa cr r
I joy and pride, have carried me to the bottom of the preci when tho supply from springs or riversryas,
EDiTKb tor And the trouble of its happiness, than aught pice. I drew the only weapon I had, a dagger deficient or of bad quality; public bUild.
sTnonteL L. STONE .
n. earth beside.To
B. on
) nnd hopeless as escape was, grasping ings,thcnwpolia, in which ,tho water was
And published on every Wednesday by Listen fur thy step in ,vain, to start at the tangled weeds to sustain my footing, boiled to prepare it for use. One can par.
THOMAS N. JEFFREYS. every breath, awaited the plunge. But the lordly savage don that instance of royal luxury; relatedby
To watch through)long, long nights of storm, disdained and Herodotus of the Persia who
TERMS\ -$5. per annum-payable ia to and dream of Death, probably so ighoble a prey king of ,
sleep continued the summit lashing his sides when with his "
advance. To wake in doubt and loneliness-this doomI on on an expedition
Advertisements inserted at one dollar know is mine- with his tail, and tearing up the ground. no water but that taken from the rivetChbaspcs '
per square for the first insertion, and fifty And yet I will be thine, my love! and yet I He, at length, 'stopped suddenly, listened! which, after having been boiled,
cents for every succeeding time, till ordered will be thine! as to some approaching foot, and then with and afterwards received into silver vessels,

to be stopped. > TLat I may greet thee from the Alps, when a hideous yell, sprang over me, and was in was conveyed on four-wheeled machines,
--!!!!! thence thou com'st at last, the thicket below at a single bound. drawn by mules, and kept solely for his use:
POETRY. That I may hear thy thrilling voice tell o'er The whole thicket was instantly alive; Alter all, there teas something in this moro
each danger past, the shade which 1 had fixed on for a seat of conformable, no* only with due
THE DYING MOMENTS. OF NAPO That, I may kneel and pray for tbee, and unearthly tranquility, was an old haunt for health but also with a soldier's duties than
LEON. win thee aid Divine lions, and the mighty herd were now roused carrying a collection choice wines, of
"The fifth of May came amid wind and For this will I will be thine be thine! my love! for this I from theirnoon-day slumbers. Nothing having as part of tbe ,camp equipage art

taint Napoleon's passing spirit was deli- could l he grander or more terrible than I apparatus for making punch.We .
rously engaged in a strife more terrible than From Dlackwood's Magazine. this disturbed majesty of the forest kings. have said that no person is under the
the elements around. The words "tete ,d' In every variety of savage passion, from ter- necessity of drinking impure and unwholesome -
armee," (bead of the army) the Jasti,which TilE RIVER. ror to fury; they plunged rind tore and yelled water; since, however low !irr tno
escaped his lips, intimated that his thoughts River! River! little River! ; darted through the lake, burst throughthe scale of civilization a man may be placed!,
the current of heady fight. sparkle
watching a Bright on ,
your way
were you
About eleven minutes before six in the eve- I O'er the yellow pebbles &dancing, thicket, rushed up the hills, or stood as the Indian or New Zealander, ho has tho
ning Napoleon expired.-ScOTT LIFE or Through the flowers and foliage glancing, |ll ayiim and roaring defiance against the co- means of purifying water. Alluvial :soil"
rq APOLJOft': Like a child at play. ming invader; the numbers were immense, in which turbid and bad water is apt to be '
Wild was tbo night yet a wilder night River! River! swelling River! for the rareness of the shade and water, had met with, is always in'the vicinity' of gravel
Was dark'ning soldier's pillow; On you rush o'er n ugh and smooth- gathered them from every quarter of tho or sand; Percolation of water through
tn his bosom there waged a fiercer fight Louder, faster, brawling, leaping, desert. these latter, is the natural process by which
" it', Than the war of the wrathful billow. i Over rocks,by rose-bank sweeping, While I stood clinging to my perilous the water gushing out from a spring,comes
The savage wind at the-door how I'd loud, Like impetuous youth. hold and ft'arfulor attracting their gaze by to us clear and limpid.Man( has but to
'" 'And madly the rain was dashing, River! River! brimming River! the slightest movement, the source of the imitate it, by straining the water he wishes
The thunder roared in the flying cloud, Broad and deep and still as Time, commotion appeared| in the shape of a Roman purified through layers of gravel and sand;
. And the, lightning's torch was flashing. Seeming STILL-yet still in motion, soldier, issuing spear in hand ,througha and still' better if ho place over these some
Ah! a mightier tempest was torturing then Tending onward to the ocean, ravine, at the further side of the valley. twigs or smaller branches of trees* or straw,
That breast, unto dust,returning; Just like mortal prime. lie was palpably unconscious of the formi- or some such analogous matter If a still
He noted neither the stormy rain River! River! rapd River dable place into which ho was entering and further separation of earthy matters from
Nor the lurid lightning burning. Swifter now you slip away; the gallant clamor >f voices through the tho water bo desired* it can bo boih.>d.-
A few fond mourners were kneeling by, Swift and silent as an arrow, hills,shove that he was followed by oth With the same simple means, fire and wood
A few that his stern heart cherished Through a channel dark and narrow, ers as bold and unconscious of their dan- charcoal can be obtained; water pecolatedthrough
And,they knew by the glaz'd and unearthly 'Like life's closing day. ger as himself. which comes out not only clear,
eye, River! River! headlong River! !But his career soon closed-his horse's but:deprived of any peculiar flavour which
That life had nearly perished. Down you dash into the sea; feet had scarcely touched the turf, when a it may have had from vegetable matters,&c.
'They knew,by his awful and kingly look- Sea, that line bath never sounded, lion was fixed with fangs and claws on 1IJOcrcaturo' The process of filtering in often perform
By the order hastily spoken, Sea, that voyage hath Like never rounded. loins. The rider uttered n cry ed on a large scale as at tho towns of Paisley -
That he dreamed'of times when the nations eternity.MISCELLANEOUS. of horror, and, for the instant, sat helplessly and Glasgow, in Scotland,in which tho

v And the shook nation's, hosts were broken. gazing at the open jaws behind him. I water for the use of tho inhabitants,is fil.
saw the lion gather up his flanks for a second tered through strata of freestone, gravel,
:,Ho dreamed that the Frenchman's sword bound but the soldier a figure of gigantic and sand. 'I
still slew. From "Salalhiel, a Story of the Past, Pre strength, grasping the nostrils of the establishment
And triumphed the Frenchman's eagle, In Paris; there is a largo ,
sent, and the Future." monster with hand and with the other
And the struggling Austrian fled anew, one instituted by individual enterprise, for'clarifying
Like the fox before the beagle. A LION FIGHT. shortening his spear, drove the steel, at one the water of the Seine It is first!

The bearded Russian be scourged again- Dismounting, for the side of the Mil was resistless thrust, into the lion's forehead. pumped up into largo vessels, in which it is
The Prussian's camp'was routed- almost precipitous, I led my panting Arab Horse,lion and rider' fell, and continued suffered to deposit its mud and other mat-
O'er the bappy vallies of haughty Spain through beds of myrtle, and every lovely struggling together. tore that were imperfectly BuspendedJn! it.
His victor-soldiers shouted. and sweet smelling bloom, to the edge of a In tho next moment, a mass!!!! of cavalrycame Thenco it pisses off, by narrow"channels,
Over Egypt's sands,over northern snows, valley that seemed made to shut out every thundering down the ravine. They through sponges, which retain still more of
At the pyramids, at the mountain. intrusion of man. had broken olf from their march, through tho foreign matters not at first precipitated.By .
Where the savage of the Danube flows, A circle of low hills, covered to tbe rhino accident of rousing a straggling lion means of troughs, the water is convey.
Where gleams thq Roman fountain crown with foliage, surrounded a deep and followed him in the giddy ardor of the rd into square vessels,about half filled with

Qn the glacier-peaks, where the Alpine space of velvet turf kept green as the eme- chase. The sight now before them was enough gravel, sand, and charcoal, through whichit
1 streams rald by the flow of rivulets and the mois- to appal the boldest intrepidity.The .- comes out perfectly pure and limpid-
Dash by the Switzer's dwelling, ture of a pelucid lake in the centre, tinged valley was filled with the vast herd; contrasting most pleasantly with the muddy
..He led again, in his ding dreams, with every color of the heavens. The retreat was impossible, for the troopers fluid first pumped up from tho river.
His hosts the wide world quelling. beauty of this sylvan spot was enhanced came still pouring in by the only pass and For family purposes, the following con
He died at the close of that darksome day, by the luxuriant profusion of almond orange from the sudden decent of the glen, horse trivance will bo found to answer very well.
A day that shall live in story! and other trees, thai, in every stageof and man were rolled head foremost coup A large and strong earthen jar: is to be se
Jn his rocky prison men placed his clay, production, from the bud to the fruit co- the lions; neither man nor monster lected and to rest on a wooden pedestal.
'And left him alone with his glory." vered the little knolls below, and formed a, retreat. The conflict was horrible; and About eight or ten inches from tho bottom,
broad belt round the lake. the heavy spears of the legionaries plunged there ought to be a false,one, with numerous
THE CHAMOIS. HUNTER'S' LOVE. Parched as I was oy the intolerable heat, through bone and brain. The lion mode perforations in the manner of a ptraf
For' all his wildness and proud fintacies this secluded haunt of the spirit of fresh- more furious by wounds, sprang upon the nor. On this false bottom will be put gravel
love him!"-CROLY. ness looked doubly lovely. :lily eyes half powerful horses and tore them w the ground, and sand with some stiaw and char
Thy heart is in the upper world, where fleet blinded by the glare of the sands, and my or flew at the trooper's thrr-ts, and crushed! coal. If the vessel be filled with water, {jtwill
the Chamois bounds and
mind exhausted by perplexities of the day, and dragged away cuiraSs buckler. percolate through this layer, and drop
Thy heart is where the mountain fir shakesto
the torrent sounds, found delicious relaxation in the verdure' The valley was a straggling heap of human into the lower cavity, from which it may be
And where the snow-peaks gleam like stars and dewy breath of the silent valley. My and savage batik; man, lion, and charger, be drawn as clear as crystal, by a cock near
<*, through the stillness of the air, barb, with the quick sense of,animals, accustomed writhing and rolling in agonic, till their' the bottom. Or if wo take a vessel in tho
And where the Lauwine'a peal is beard- to the travel of the wilderness, forms were undistinguishable. form of an inverted sjphon, that is, ono
Hunter! thy heart is there! showed her delight by playful boundings, 'l'JitJ gronns and cries of the legionaries with an arm or spout springingdirectly/

I know thou lo'st me well,dear friend-but the prouder arching of the neck, and the tie schreams of the mangled horses and the bottom, and rising about half way up
better-better far, brighter glancing of her bright eye the roars and howling of the lions bleed- the hieght of tile main vessel wa'er poured
Thou lor'st that wild and haughty life, with "Here." thought I, as 1 led herslowly towards ing with the sword and spear tearing the into this latter, in which have been previously -
rocks and storms at war; the deep descent "would be the ve- dead darting up tho side of the J hills in put tho gravel and charcoal, as abovementioned
In the green sunny vales with me, thy spirit ry spot for the innocence that had not tried terror and rushing down again! with tho will percolate through them,
would but pine- that had triedit fresh thirst of gore baffled all conceptionof and in the will
the world, or the philosophy rising spout, flow out fromit
And yet I will be thine, love, and I
my yet and h borr
fury < will be thine! and foud it, all Who could pure and clear. If we take the muddiest
?* dream that within the borders of this distracted : But man was the conqueror at last; the and filthiest gutter water, and subjectit
And I will not seek to woo thee down from land, in the very hearing-almost savages scared by the spear, and thinned in to either of these processes of filtration! ,
these thy native heights their numbers, made a rush in one body to-
within the very sight of the last miseries we shall obtain a limpid, transparentfluid, ,
With the sweet land's own ,
our overthrew
song song wards the ravine thing In
that man could inflict on man, there was a every of a grateful tasto and salubrious Duality.
For thou if must pastoral as the delights eagles, live, thy path is retreat which the foot of man,perhaps never their way, and burst from the valley, awaking Supposing a higher degree of civilization
i not as mine- yet defiled; and in which the calamities the desert for many a league with their and increased means of calling in the

And yet I will be thine, my love! and yet I that aillict society might be as little felt asflif roar. aid of art to purify water, we can have recourse
will be thine! it were among the stars P to the process of distillation. And
A violent plunge of the barb end From Porter's Health :Almanac, for 1832. that in secluded In
"And I will leave my blessed home, my fa- put considering many spots
ther's joyous hearth, to my speculation. She exhibited the wildest MEANS OF PURIFYING WATER.No aa Irish or Scotch glen, or in the wilds of
With all the voices meeting there in tender signs of terror, snorted and strove to person is under the necessity of ness and mirth; break from me; then fixing her glance keenly impure and nnwholesome water, nor literate can fit up a still for the manufacture .
With all its the kind and laughing eyes that in on the thickets below, shook in every need he ever avail himself of this alleged of ardent spirit, we con hardly admit
? firelight shine limb. But the scene was itself for and that communities in part of the world
To sit forsaken in thy but-yet know that tranquility ; necessity, as a pretext brutifyiog any
thou art mine.It the chamelion lay basking in the sun, and finally destroying himself, by the use of should! find difficulty in having similar apparatus
the (fly sound was that of the wild doves distilled liquors. The ancients" regarded for the distillation of water, whero
is my free youth heart, it,is my bloom, it glad murmuring under the broad leaves of the this matter in a far more philosophical and a supply of the pure fluid .cannot be had,

That I cast away for thee-for thee-all palm tree. humane light than has been dono in mod. or is not sufficiently abundant. Even ad
reckless as thou art! But my mare still resisted every effort to ern times. They were fully aware of the milting that, throughout the greater part of
4Witli tremblings.and with vigils lone, I bind lead her downwards her ears were flutter. importance of having pure water and they the year no particular inconvenience should
myself to dwell- ing convulsively, her eyes were starting spared no pains! or expense. to obtain it.- beexjieriencod by the inhabitants from their
Yet, yet I would not change that lot' -oh! from their sockets; I grew peevish at the They could not, indeed,boast of breweriesand turbid or brackish water, they cannot but
no-I love too well animal's unusual obstinacy and was aboutto distilleries worked by steam power; desire to have a drink of greater pUrity during .

:A mournful thing is love that grows to one let her suffer thirst for the day, when my but, as in the case of the Romans, they the sickly season, from tbo latter part
so wild u thou, senses were paralysed by a tremendous roar. could show their stupendous structures in of summer to tho beginning of winter.If .-
'With that bright restlessness of eye that A lion stood on the.summit which I had the aqueducts for conveying the pure water during this time ',nt r were distilled In


' /

large quantities, and used ns tho sole drink I Jtfir. Clays Speech-Afler on lars, as tlJo diminution of the duties ,upon TICI

to tho careful exclusion of.a single drop of lire perusal of this document, .wo are those articles? ... .: : ;.

ardent spirit or fermented liquors, disease pelled to acknowledge our disappoi h t: There is one more view of this .subject SUBSCRIBERS have
THE Chtertd
would in ndnicrous instances be in
entirely which will our readers at this copartnership for the
this Jave firlscn from tho highe we present purpose
warded off in others and may. p ?f
greatly mitigated, transacting GENERAL
the prospect of euro singularly increased. lions which-' ,we had formed from the time: Suppose that tho tariff'part, )' should BUSINESS, under
Even were wo to suppose that this simplo abilitt.of the! bfator. Wo fear that the succeed to their utmost wishes in driving ENGLISH & Co.- and beg leave to tcntlt;'

distilled water, in ptatoof !being purchasedfor affected remark of Mr. Clay' "ihat till foreign manufactures. from our shores their services to their lends and the mil,.
the merest trifle it well be by arise? lk r Flattering thcmschcs, that as |
as might I from what soufto will a revenue flier
old and feels but
getting too
sensibly possess extensive WARE HOUSES:
those who,could.riot prepafo it for them and
se\ves"wcro to be bought at tho sate fats effects of approaching age," contains If there le no importations, ihcro evidently c'vcry facility to aid their endeavors, flit), ,.

as distilled spirit, tho drinkers of it would truth than 'his friends will be disposed tan be ho import duties; and Mr. Clny will CoVmtsof be enabled business to render that satisfactory ac

eventually sivb much money, anil time; mit. Of one thing we entertain no a and the advocates of his system will have rd to their any care.; may Le etrtrnut..

which is money as well as derive tho benefits that his policy is not calculated to to seek cut some new pretext and,somo \VM. V. I t. Gr.I-tr.!
already mentioned on tho scbre of 1IEZ. il. WOOD.
that relief to the anti-tariff party new method of exacting a tax from tho
J1Cahh.Dr.n.bc'r. Our views of this mailer hoi I \r1 o have constantly on hand and for sal
had people May ,
they reasonably anticipated.
(] ft oiid practical
fine Flour in Mess
Super and
physician1; Whose opinions Have always had question of the constitutionality bf be sufficiently intdligiMe to our readers;-:- Lbla & half bbls. Beef. Prime

-deserved weight with medical men, recommends riff has been so repeatedly and do ably "c' however, are honestly convinced that Navy & Pilot bread, M ess&prime pork,
distilled water to t lie used in the Bri- cussed that we shall hdt' pretend ( they aro correct. Wo shall anxiously look Canvassed Hams, Smoked Beef,
tish colonies, where the common waters of Rico and GrMf.,'. Cognimc MK! Dei-
thing it. It is admitted for tho speech of Mr Jlayne, the able advocate HoHaniland Domesniestic
the place arc impure, and disagree with Iho any upon Brandy,
etomach.! Congress possesses the right to wise i of Free. Trade, in reply to Mr. Clay.' .. tic.Gf ., Jamaica and IX.>-
__ .
"f ., ... __._ ____. .i Madeira and Port mcstio Rum,
For family and board ship at from III 1 Ir __ "' .. .
use on ,
venue tome source;-at the same i .., ::::: Wine, Cider in bbls and
least for the supply of the cabin, the most wo contend that it should be levied J 'q ; } 'MARINIJ Vinegar bottles,
offensive water may be purified by passing Goshcn Butter, Crackers, &c.
bf .
moil( ever] poHio'h country. I
it through filtering stone. The tyatcr
Together with a GENERAL ASSORTMENT .
out.clear and d entirely amount raised( for the legitimate and .
Comes f OF KEY WEST. of
divested of vegetable impurities and glairy tutional purposes of government forms I ,

matters, and} anhllatcu ,. which it sometimes ground of objection to any tariff.: ARRIVED SINCE OUR LAST. HEADY MADECLOTHING
coutains when firs rawn from a cask, i
the absolute wants of the country Fete :3d Self. Ptearro, Hoxlc NewPort
Many devices 'have, been had recourse to .
for improving the quality of the water, and double or treble its present income, potatoes to P. C. G teerie., .
Schooner R66ke Florida Reef
for preventing it from becoming offensive citizen should cht'CrfuUy'COntrilmte his to Fv Av tyrowhc.Florida: ; To suit tie Market

to the senses, during long voyages. A ta-; but the present tariff bears Sloop I Liberty, P. fiiirrowi, Havana, to IV1ATRASSES: PILLOWS
means, on which great stress was at one upon the' Courttfy--whilst to one master: ,
time laid, was charring the vessels before Sloop Mary Ellen, Lester, Havana, to &c. &c. &c.
is burthen to be
a grievous borne to
the water was put in:them. Of later we master. WM. F. ENGLISH & Co.
have strong testimony in favor of putting other it operates as a bounty upon its Sloop Azelia, Anderson, Nassau, merchandize -
to P. J. Fontaine, and others Key West, Jan. 2&; fi32.. 21 if.
the water for the use of the Chip's companyand try. We will not pretend to say,with 5. Sloop Tickler, Woodward, Boca

passengers in iron vessels, by which: it M'Duflie, that the consumer pays a Grande, cotton picked up at sea, thrown LIST OF BETTERS

is prevented from undergoing the changesthat equal to 40 per cent.; but we do overboard from Ship Splendid of N. York, Remaining in the Post Office al Kcy11''s1,
take place when it is in wooden to P. J Fontaine ,
put that the tariff is in its < on the 1st January, 1832:
vessels. I. partial operation* Sloop Alert,,Fish, Havana, to master. Alexander: hair, Martin BrethoflT;
One of tho moil useful discoveries of advocates would seem to admit this Sloop Fair American, Burrows, Boca Samuel Bills, \Vm. II. Burton, 5
modern times, by which immense suffering in its defence they urge-"that it is Grande, wrecked totton to 1). J. Fontaine. Donaldson Caffrey, Florcncio Caldez,
6. Sarah Isabella Houseman
is prevented, numerous livessaved, and frequent times expedient that sections of to msrter.Sloop ,Reef, Thomas Eastin, Wm. S. Elliot,
detention of vessels, or risk from 7. 'Titlrier Bocfa: Grande Charles Hawkins, Win. G. Porter,
I should be willing to make sacrifices Sloop cotton Casimiro
2 Rachael Swan
putting into ports at unseasonable times ob- I to 1'. J. Fontaine. Ruby ,
the distillation of salt sacrificed for the good of the cou Eustace Trenor, Leonard Truman,
viated, is fresh from 8. Sloop Morning Star, Applemau, Havana -
Charles #1. Webb.
water. Dr. Lind, who claims the merit ofdiscovery largo-." The plain English of which to master. I3T. S. P. M
; adduces proofs( of the practica- that the consumer ought to pay a 8. Spanish Sch Jo4tfa, Yancz, Havana, Key West,Jan. 13, 1832. 20 tf.
value! tho merchandise to P. J. Fontaine and others.
blcn'ess and of "Cap-
process. Domestic Manufactures, in order that
tain Clancey, on board or whose ship it CL1 RED.
was performed in.a very imperfect apparatus nufactures, which they suppose the Feb. 4. Sloop Liberty, Burrows Havana PropOSt1l1SWILt.

declared the water thus obtained to be desideratum, may flourish. The objc. by master.

fresh,and exceedingly bleat and well tasted to the Tariff, that it IB unequal in its 5.Mary Tickler Ellen,,Woodward Lester, Havana, Boca, by Grande.master. I, by nIb su' \cribow

; and Mr. Davis; a.surgeon, who visited ing, Is founded upon a correct principle Fair American, Burrows:; 'do: the first day or March next
the ship,after her arrival m the Hoogly ri- 'that Alert, Fish, Havana, by master. for buildihg: a Stone Jail in the town of Key
i ij founded
upon distinguishing .
vcr,observes, that 'he tasted the distilled : Schooner Florida, Rookc, Florida Beef, West with a Brick Cistern tltachcd thereto
water,which was the purest and besj.he eVcr ture of our constitution which : by, master. in accordance with an Act of the Legislature
remembers t6 have tasted. Captain to every citizen equal rights and equal Schr. Pizarro, Hoxic, Reef. Florida passed tho last .cl>"! ion. A

Phipps, in his voyage id the North Pole, vileges;-and this is the true end of dol't. 7.8. Sloop Sloop arab Morning Isabella Star,Houseman, Applcman, Reef., Havana plan by applying of Urn proposed to either building of tlo undersigned.may bo seen

ried a distillation of sea water with suc litical institutions. That Legislator, by master. L. M. STONE
Cook also, in his second W.A.WmTEIIEAD
ee l. for self interested motives loses PASSENGERS. ,
sight, obtained fresh water by tho same Per Sloop Alert, Fish, fidtn Havana, Mr. Commissioner*.
means, in adopting the% opparatus of Irving. this paramount consideration, docs not Joseph Cottrill. Key-West, Dec. ,51, 1f;31. J7 tf. ..
refer Gauthier Ma'cquer sult tho true and of his
The French to lasting good HENRY K NEWCO'lh .
.Parmentier, and others, as having inventedor try Il\fPORTS.-Stou Azelia Anderson, :: attend to any AGENCY fir
improved stills for this purposd. The following arc the resolutions Nassau P. J. 590 bushels nit, Hardware &c. to WILL \ ISSION Business that may
Fontaine shells
In onocf the late voyages of discovery, ; shellwork, &c. to be intrusted to him. Office and StoreRooms
French government vessels, twentyfivemen it is the object of Mr. Clay's speech to order. Spanish: 'schr. Josefa, Havana, 30 in the Warehouse of FIELDING
by blithers Corn, 2 bales Tobacco
,2 bbls
in New Holland !. tarn and into a lawi sugar, A. BROWNE, Esq.
pdt ashore at a bay carry
were 1 bag ; Ksy-Wcst Nov. IB 'tfEDWAItH'CIIANDLEItI
1831. 11
for labors connected with the service. Resolved, 'Thai the existing Vutfcs 1 bag coffee, 1 bbl sugnr,2 casks witae tta- ..
After searching in vain for fresh water, they articles imported frtim foreign sins &0. toV.. H Wall. Hchr. Pizarro,
had recourse to a still, 'which 'had been and not coining into competition with Hoxie, New, Port, 300 bushels Potatoes to ATTORN OP THE .VMTETt STATUS SOUTHfcllN -
brought out in one of the vessels, and by lar articles made produced within mast!,. Sloops Tickler and Fair American ; blSriUCT OF FLORIDA.
means of which, though it was''not of the States, ought to be forthwith abolished; P.: J., from Fontaine.Boca Grande, 91 bales'cotton to Conrt House, Key Walt, April" 20183i :

best construction,they obtained po'Wble water r ccpt the duties upon Wines and Silks, "
enough to last during a month in which thaMhey ought to bu reduced.Resolred _-_--- ARTRILL & M'DONALD,

they were ashore. They even had sortie to That the Committee on NEW ADVHRT1SEMENTS.. SHIP CARPENTERS,

spare, and sent daily half a hogshead of 'nance report a bill accordingly.Let U. A. RESPECTFULLY inform their friends
water on board, where it was becoming in genera, thai
ua 'exam ):.Q the bearing of they will undertake repair upon the shortest -

short.The French Government had prior to solution*, supposing JI a* they should NORTHEAST cornerofF. Browne's notice, Ships, Small Vessels, or Boat
this ascertained, beyond all doubt, the sa- into law and we will Discover that up stairs. Application may be made at'the Store of
West P. .
Key Feb. J. Fontaine.Key
lubrity of water thus obtained. In 1817 8, 1832. 23 tf.
Tariff '
are calculated to tender tho West, Nov. 23, 1831.
commissioners-officers of the Navy, were Y
appointed at the Ports oil Brest, Toulo-i more obnoxious to 'thd principle ior Sale J. J. MITCHELL -
and Rochefort, under whose direction sea rights and equal privileges 'thin'it is at 9 .

water was distilled,to furnish a sufficiencyof 'sent-Would not the effect'of such a The Fishing Smacks, EVER INFORMS the public} that ho has loca-
fluid for drink and for dressing the victuals be JK5=M. GREEN and MORNING STAR. in this Town for the purpose
of a certain number of criminals. to relieve the manufacturer even, For Terms and other particulars apply to nf carrying on his trade as SA I,1\IA'

Forty- no of these latter, having volunteered the small proportion of duties which j A. C. TftT, & Co. KER TRIGGER,in all its various branch.

to make the trial, were carefully restrict. now pays-whilst the whole amount KcyWrstFeb.8, 1832. 28 1 i. cs. lie occupies a Loft in the Shop of

ed during a whole month to the use of distilled would fall upon the consumer? It is Mr. Atkins.KeyWesiNov..
9, C3'l... 1 0 tf
water and during all this timo
sea ; that it will dimiHi3h' the sum total of Btkeru. ..
there was not the slightest change in the P. C. GREENE,
tho at ns
paid by country large, c
health them which '
of one of could be
any 'GODDARD informs the to transact General
ENI1Y public A'gcrity
attributed to"tins exclusive use of'the fluid well as mllnuacturerj-1 whilst the II tl7at'be has established himself at Continues Business.

thus prepared. nufacturer will be entirely exempted Key West in thd ""Bikery Business. The Goods taken on Storage &.c.

The first discovery of the process seems a participation, the consumer will pay following articles, of the. best quality can 0: 7* lie will always be happy to receive
duo to the Spaniards and its application whole of the Government. iin :always be had at his c ratil.HbmeDt: and execute all orders in his line of Bus
to nautical hygiene was made by the Knglish. expense FRESH FAMILY ''L'OAVES, ness.
Sir Richard Hawkins, in a this view of the matter, Mr. Clay's '
voyage Every Morning; Key West, 28th March, fB31.
which he undertook. in t latter part of the position would be indirectly an FRESH PILOT BREAD; -_ Tolp

reign of queen .Elizabeth, having betn the bounty upon manufactures as Constantly on hand; THE SUBSCRIBERS

short of water, procured a sufficiency fur posed, all duties be removed except Also H taken the Store recently the use of 'his crew by distilling sea water copied by Porter & Stanard, ia the
on hoard his vessel., such articles as may come into A variety of Sweet Bread, Cake, &c. &c. North East end of F. A. Browne' Watt

Distilled water,thus obtained, has at firsta \vith similar articles made in the p:--Ordera for any of the above articles House, offer for sale on accommodating

burnt taste which it soon loses by exposure 'Sta'fcs-vwin it not, by relieving the wiU gratefully .received and promptly \eritfs, a general GOODS assortmentofDRY

to the air.THE. facturer from the duties upon various Key West Feb. 1 ii,. 1832.: .23 tf GROCERIES, ,and
I -
-_.... cles of his consumption, diminish his SHIP CHANDLERY.

QAZETTE penses fothe aniount'of those duties?- GEORGE E. "'JoAVERk co.

KEY WEST: in tho exact ratio that his expenses I1otnoHug.fl Key \Ve.t: April 20.. 1831 ,. *

minished, wilt\ his profit be "
K- ->- -- ._i _im ", Thus-if at present the manufacturer,
'. We spoke in our last number, of tho Baying a duty upon tea, coffee, sugar

'course of Mr. Adams in the Senate, it was can'afl'brd to make a yard of broadcloth MRS. HOWARD, Jun. has removed JOB PRINTINGOF

.:an error:-lie is in the House of Represen 5 dollars,-will he not be-abte to Calle Obripia.Calle de los Officios to No. !9. ALL KINDS

tatives. turo it for exactly 63 much less thau 5 Ilavua Jan. 1, 1831. 10 tf. Neatly executed at this OJirf.

The Reef shall l e considered bring \\ithin the pod or Jiarlxfflf of ) : ll tcssd or Tcscl.!, tvitl-.oul first {elud
Sec. C. > :1
stall l liable
II to
1 c I prr-
1 said<< permission,
.tl"enfion when the ( on S'fndl\t' bears foreign pllSClJCr"holOO1 :
Light-House ) the same quarantine that: may l 1'0 im
cithct K N, E. or W, S.\,. clandestinely departed from any :. said said vrcls and cargoes.'
Extract from a Law of the Sec. 7. All vessels liable\ to pay pilot 'pT&cft!: and who( shall not possess a IJI1! Sec.upon 3. Be it Kfr' (ordmncd, Tlmt
!Und from this Port t shall tile ore r c\idcntc of his having been shall '
United States dated th age, ; pay ami Ordinance ,rpmam in, fall force
mitteij from thence --
same vessels entering: but if said teasel to depart : Council.
March, 1802.SECTION. shell choowj to depart without a Pilot, they mitting him to land without permission cxpretsly repealed_ h bjMhb.

XIX. shall be subject to but half pil lagc. .obtained from the Towri Council ORDINANCE--No. If.
Sec. 8. All vessels except wrcckirig'csel : forfeit and pay, for each passenger 10
Uvery pcrcon'ho shall procure or en- smacks and vessels under charge bf ed, the sum of fifty dollars. Constituting! it CommilUc o f Finance:

lice a SOLDIER of the United States to wreckers, entering or looting this Port Sec. 5. Be it further ordaincJ,. Be it ordained by the President and
lcsurt, or who shall purchase from any through the North West passage and drawing any foreign passenger IDndmgVub} ,! ( '* nf the Ten Council of Kry

Soldier, his Arms, Uniform Clothing, or four feet water, or over, shall pay Iwo Town' of Key West without That from tract oficr the mwing! of
any part thereof; end any, Captain orCommanding dollars per foot to any Pilot tendering his first obtained from tho Town Ordinance\ ,two Members of the Board,
: Officer of any Ship or Vessel services; but if said vessel does not receive cil, or without having: the : be designated<< by the President from time
who shall enter on board such Shipor said Pilot, half pilotage only shall be paid; passpo'ft or oilier evidence of Ills time, shall constitute a Commit of
Vessel, as one of his Crew or otherwise if a Pilot does not tender his service out- I lowed freely to depart from the port .
carry away any such Soldier, or sido Iho bar of tho said North-West pas- lie came, (if any is usually granted at Sec. 2. Bf it further erauinnl, That
shall refuse to deliver him up to the ordersof sane, then l hb shall: not claim pilotage or place,)shall lib liable to enter into shall) bo thin duty of the said" Commit'
his Commanding Officer, shall, upon half pilotage.Sec. the sum of SI 1i0O with good sccurit examine oral audit all bills or accounts
-" Legal conviction, be fined, at the discretion 9. When ttvo) or more Pilots shall be approved of by"tho President : tho Council; to examine
of any Court havign cognizance of tender their services to any Vessel; the first Council, or a Justice bf the Peace, accounts of Treasurer at id Marshal,
the same, in any sum not exceeding alongside shall be accepted,and If refused, part from tho Island within such mnko reports quarterly a. to the state
Three Hundred Dollars ; or bo imprisoned, the said Pilot, shall be entitled to received I may be cloned reasonable; or on : tho Finances.:
any term not exceeding ono year." half pilotage.Sec. i be committed lo jail. D. C. PINkHA&fVPrfM't \
-o+o-- 10. When a Pilot ,shall discovertwo I Sec. 6. Be it further ordained, 7: C.
Ext acto de tin Ley dc Los or moro vessels, it shall be his duty to thb several fines and j cnahScs herein; II. S. 'WATER1IOUSE,'
fe- visit that which is nearest,unless a signal of acted may bo recovered before the Chrif.CIRCULAR. .
Estados Unidos con distress be exhibited on one more lemole: dent of the Town Council or any --

chat del 16 de Mario, and Any Pilot failing to comply with this:: of the Peace.Arrcglando American nnd Foreign. Agency for

1802. provision shall forfeit his Branch. OJUiEf'lANZA b Claims, No 49 Wall street, Sew York
\ Sec. 11. Any Pilot charged before the ; PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given to

SECCION ,XIX. Town Council,of incapacity or negligence, la, introduction, dc Ii persons whom it may concern, having
shall, upon conviction, be deprived of his ros, Estrangcros, en el Pttcblo de Debts, Inheritances, tit. payable
? Persona alguna quien procura o1 as- Branch. rcc'ovcriblc abroad, that this Aponcy has!
sti el huir de algun SOLDADO de Les Sec. 12. All fines and penalties imj os- Jfucso. ''(abiishca, under the special auspices and
Estados Untdos, o1 quien compra de al. ed by this Ordinance shall be recovered l Por cuanto, varios criminal ; attoh (ojf distinguished individuals in
gun Soldado sus Armas, bcstido dc Uni- fore the President of the Town Council,allowing cucntcs contra las tcycs c.lcll pals do coon 4r ye jl r'cgnlar correspondence with
formi o' qualesquera pane de ella; y algun to the parties, in all instances, an Vinicron{ han sido introducidos en capital hi Bankers of
Capitain o1 Oficial Mandando nlguna appeal to the Council.Sec. Puerto, proccdcntcs de otros tdht relation with the United States;
Fragata o' Barco quo sea, o* quien se 13. When a Pilot shall goon boardof y cano la continuacion de the medium whereof such valid
embarca en ella corns Mlrincrd*, 'o* de a vessel, he shall exhibit his Brunch, and tradas pucdcn ser atcndidas corno dc as may be confided thereto, will be
qualesquera. modo lleva Coasijo algun shall also furnish tho Master, Or Commander : riosas corisccucncias': para la for settlement, and promptly and
Soldado, o' quien deja do entregar cl of said vessel with a copy of tins Ordi-: a tncnos quo rncdidas: no scan recovered:, when
tlicho Soldado a la orders del Oficial nantc. ra remedial: claimants with tub suitable legal proof

Mandando, sera olligado a pagar una Sec 14. The following rates of Pilot- Portanto sc ordena por el vouchers, together with the requisite
rnnlta & ladescrecion de la Curio Micmbros del Cabildo Quo dcsdo of Attomoy, to be and ac
'Jun que tage are allowed : ,
before any Judge of n Court <>t'
tenga conocimiento del mismo. en qua. On a vessel drawing 5 feet, $,7 00 incro del rues do Novicmbro or other competent civil magis
lesqucra suma no siendo ariba de Tres 6" .. 900 adelante cl Capitan; cualquicr a municipal authority, or notary pub-
cientos pesos o' puesto en la pricionpor 7 u- 1000 cntrando do algun Puerto o lugar ; and the whole duly authenticated by the'
un lermino no siendo ariba do tin 3 1200 ru n cl dc Cayo Hucsp, ha do of the state or territory in 'which
nu." cc 9" 1350 al Escribichtc del Cabildo cl numero same.may be perfected, and legalized
cc 10" 1600 fcagcros', no ciudadanos de los )' the appropriate Foreign Consul.
ni del Pucbld Ue Having nlso established a similar corres
NOTICE. 11" 1C 60 nidos, vc'cinos Cayo
citizen who may apprehend a DE- 12" 1800 so; y ha do pagar al Tesorcrti por ca ODdence" America throughout, the the likb United claims Staten for recov and

( o ANY from the U. States' Troops, '. 13 .. I960 sagcro Un Peso. in any part thereof respectively, will
t and deliver him fiver to an Officer of the 14 Co .. 2300 I Icc &'C. 2 El Capitan de cualquier a received, and efficiently attended to,,in
Army will be paid the sum of FIFTEEN 15 42700 faltando a manifestar dentro de 24 of American, as well nil Foreign
DOLLARS fat each Deserter thUs set lined. 16" 3200 pucs do la entrada de dicho Buquc, m .
J; M. GLASSELL, u 17" 3600 ser multado y pagara ademas do la Orders for the investment of' funds on
. Major Commanding. cc 18' 4000 onto dicha por cada pasagcro Cincb of freehold property, or in the
Key West, April 2*, 1831 3i cc 19 4500 Sec. 3. Ningun pasagcro of public securities in the United
."" 0' Canal Loans of the States of New
UlRivI ha dc witb"i ;
OFFICE OF u 20.r 5000u algun Buquc per pcrmilido
Ohio &c.
BRITISH VJCE-CONStJLA TE, 21 5500 barcar en cl Puerto do Cuyo ilucso, faithful'y, Pennsylvania executed.,. punctually
And Agent for Lloyds, London, and the 22" 6000 !. quo no haiga publicamcntc y lii> Applications addressed to this Agency, in
Association of Underwriters, Lircrpool, 3" 6600 salido del lug do su procedencia, y requiring the investigation of claims,
'I 24" 7000 I en su poder pasaporte o otro of records or the intervention of le-
NO. 3, FRONT-STREET. Sec. 15.Vhcn a Pilot shall be detained cual como los quo ale concedes en cl ) proceeding, should. be accompanied
Office hours from 9 A. M. to 3 o'clock.- M. on board any vessel after she has arrived de su proccdcncia purmitiendolo su an adequate remittance to defray the

If Key West,20th April, 1031. in tho harbour, at the request of hu Sec. 4. El Capitan dc algun the charges and and all disbursements at
same letters must be
.. vessel! traiga dentro del Puerto do ;
Master or Commander of said said Cayo (post paid) to the undersigned,
ORDINANCES Pilot shall be entitled to demand and receive gun J pasagcro quo hayga salido ( of the Supreme Court of the U
Three Dollars for every such day. mente dc algun lugar y quo no posea | ,) in the Office of the Agency, 49
Of the Town Council, passed Sec. 16. Any Pilot applying for n porto o otro tcstimonio do liabcr sido street, New York.

Oct. 15: 1831. Branch, stall, at the time he obtains the tido su salida y pcrmiticndolo dcscmb AARON PALMER.Actuary..
same, pay into the )hands of tho Treasurer sin penniso primcro obtcnido del THE CITY GAZETTE, "

No. 'J' :N DOLLARS, also one Dollar to the Clerk hade per multado y pagara por cada AND COMMKIICIAL DAILY ADVERTISER.
for issuing the same. gero osi desembarcardo Cincuchtd Journal of Commerce, Science, Literature
To regulate the Pilotage of this Port. Sec. 17. All Ordinances and parts of Sec 5. Que cualquier pasaguro and tho Arts.

o Be it ordained by the Council of the Ordinances, militating against thia Ordinance nero descmbarcdndo dentro del BY SIMMS & DURYKA.THR .
TOlt"llof Key West, Tliat when any per- are hereby repealed.ORDINANCE Cayo Ilueso,ain permiso primero CITY GAZETTE is ono of tho
son shall be desirous of having the situation del Cabildo o sin tcner el pasaporto: existing Journals in the U. States.

of Branch;Pilot of this Port,he shall presentto -No. 9. sario o otro testimonio de hater lido many proprictorsits course with few
the Council a written petition; whereupon Regulating the introduction sf Foreigners tido salir librcmcnte del Puerto do su have always been American
ccdencia si coetumbrccn'tal popu ar.. Of late years, from neglect
it shall be the duty Of the Ctiuncil to ap- ( es lugar)
into the Town of Key West. than any other cause,its influence and
point a committee of three competent per- ser sujclo a cntrar en obligacion en la had visibly declined. Within the
sons to make enquiry into the qualification- WHEREAS several criminals, offenders a- do$000 con buena fianza quo cste ) however the
year present ,
and fitness of the persons applying, and res gainst the laws of the country whence do por el Prcsldento del Cabildo 6 Uh entered upon a course of policy,
port thereon at the next succeeding meet they came, have lately arrived at Key do paz para que saiga de la Yslaj d : consistent with tho politics of the
ing of the l hoard, when the prayer of the West from Foreign Ports, and as n con- ticmpo como sera considcrado and Laving made numerous additions
petitioner shall be acted on: all Pilots appointed tinuance of such arrivals will bo attended en fultando sera conducido a la cared! the mechanical improvements of their
shall, previous to receiving their by many injurious consequences to Sec. C. Que las multas nqui by fitting it out in a new and
Branch, give bond with good nnd sufficient the community, unless means be takento pueden scr cobradas por Prcsidcnto description type; and of on a larger than sheet and
for the faithful of their preveht them: Cabildo paper heretofore
security performance o por un jucz do paz.ORDINANCENO.. claim to, and have been favored with a
duty. Be it therefore ordained, by tfie Pre-
and proportional increase of
Sec. 2. All Pilots holding a Branch, tidcnt and Members of the Town Cotm- io including now subscriptions and gene
shall have and use a Boat sufficiently largeto cil of Key West That from and after For preventing the introduction of advertising. Within the last year, their
enable them to proceed over the Reefand the first day of November next, the Masterof of patrons has been swollen by
render the aid of Pilotage to any vessel requiring any vessel arriving from a foreign portor into the Town of Key West.WHEBJEAS of more than Three Hundred Citi
the same place, at the port of Key West, shall a certain disease,known to which new names arc with little
make a report to the Clerk of the Town name of INDIAN CHOLERA, at almost daily added; Thb pro-
Sec. 3. That all vessels drawing over 5 Council, of the number of onboard sent prevailing in the Northern j order the better to merit that en
feet of water entering this Port, except fish- not citizens of the United States, Europe,of the most fatal Character; I of which; it is equally their
ing smacks, wrecking vessels and vessels drid pleasure/ acknowledge so much
nor residents of the Town of Key West; as such disease! may be iritroducbd
tinder charge of wreckers shall the been received; from their friends and
rates of Pilotage herein after, specified.Sec. pay. and shall pay to the Treasurer one dollar our own ports ,by vessels trading citizen have established in connec
for every passenger aforesaid that quarter of the Globe: with their office of business, a spacious
4. If a Pilot docs not board or offer Sec. 2. He it further ordained, That Be it therefore ordained, by the Room, in which, the chief Public
hU services to a vCselliaLle to take a Pilot the Master of any vessel failing or neglecting sident and Members of the Toien find their way and are carefully
until said vessel arrives within 4 miles of to make such report within 34 tours of Key West, That all vessels from all tho States in our Union.-
the Light llouse on Key West, paid Pilot, after the arrival of said vessel! shall forfeit from purls or places where the said room is free with all its facilities whth-
bo boarding or offering his services,shall be and pay the sum of five dollars' in addition exists shall be taken,by the Pilots charge, to all patron<< of tho Gazette;
entitled to only half pilotage; and if said to the sum aforesaid required for cacti without, their board regular weekly Prices Current, in letter
Pilot docs not board said vessel 'till the port, going on and upon a fine paper suitable
passenger.Sec. Quarantine Ground, northward and correspondence, carefully collected
Light-House on Key West is distant not ,
3. De it ordained That
further ward .
of tho correct estimate
Fleming's Key;-tlicro to most of tIe true
more than two miles and then bears E. N.
no foreign passenger from any ship or vessel under the direction of the President of the markets, and rut upon the
E. shall be
no pilotage claimed.
shall be permitted to land within the Council and Health Officer of the advantageous terms to all that como
Sec. 5. All vessels drawing five Feet port or harbour of Key West, unless he Sec, 2. Be it further ordained this clatif,it also issued from4he office
water subject to the provisions of this Ordi- shall have freely arid openly departed from while it shall bo thought the; proprietors Their Reading Room,
nancerefuo receive a pilot outside of the place whence lie came, and have ill lia said Health Officer that necessary by the earliest information may be had
the Reef, when a Pilot shall tender his services possession a passport, or such other .fpersaa ( scls should such vessel free alike to1 patrons, strangers in tie ci=
shall be liable perform quarantine, no and masters of vessels trading to thu
to full the
pay pilotage are usually granted at whence
; port
whatever .
course these
but if inside of Ute Reef ¬ within two he came, permitting 'him to depart therc- be held with ? T? improvements, they make
Tow nor Wand additions
of ,
miles of the Key West, but by affording facilities t6 the
Light-House on leyVest theeaid from.
mission, and under the direction and business, alike hitherto
light bearing E N. E. the said vessel Sec. 4, Be it further ordained, That President and faith Officer and all SIMMS fc QU RVEI\.
shall pay half pilotage. the Master of my ship or vessel), who ehall sons who shall bold intercourse; Nol Broad strccf/t barleston.
any O)KT: Subscriptions received at this dice

". country set apart and allotted to the sour-

< ; less formidable than the certainty of being CIUCUJLAUTO al tribe of Indians;established beyond tlc

s t b'r TUB I trampled by those with whom we have..confederated COLLECTORS OF ttJST MB. limits of ihc.Slales, under treaties! made
:UTATE IlIOIlTH AND FJ1EJ .1'IU.DE \ at home Hence is is yijtallyIrnpqr'tant TREASURT DEPARTMEXT,", with till Said Indian Tribes by the fuittj

{ i XHTJBNING 'POST.rpHE that the power should,be' sustained April 5th, 1831. States: also Commanding officers of tile several
,'; \ establishment {In Charl l1daor which alone can compel a stricicofastruction Slit posts on the frontiers arc enjoinc-l to
nn of the Charter. Thai resides with the
power made this see the provisions act above alluded
been to
1 devoted ttt the have
additional.Newspaper, each State ,Sovereignty! : It is the State Jlepreientations to be enforced in relation to till,
of their principles, has deed deem some of our Consuls, rc.
support ; Department by
to arrest
Right of sovereign interposition moval of the said unlawful Settlers train
of United
I ?
,the STATE and that the.crews
by PAttTY In the usurpation of Federal agents. The existence other persons, tessels have been discharged for their guide in the execution of the said
FREE TRADE merchant
of this the .conservative Stags referred .
as above 16.By
EVENING right their comrhanders! duty, thb net
of this raninHioTilE foreign ports by
is new doc in
, principle of our Constitution no order of ALEXANDER MA'tbntn: ,
POSTwill be commenced as a Daily Evening without complying with the: provisions
trine ; it is coeval with our Federal polity, MAj. Gen. Commanding the& Army,
Journal,80 Soon as the requisite office and was asserted by its founders.ana c'bn- the act of Congress of the 28th of Jl. JONES,
arrangements can be completed. This principle is ,: 1803. Your attention is, therefore,,
temporary expositors. 6-If. Adj. Gen.
Thc political tenets to which the Evening the characteristic feature proudly distinguishing specially called to this subject with a request -
( Post will be devoted, are so familiar ours tram other Republics not Fe that increased vigilance may bo exerted APPROBATORY TESTIMONIALS
to this community, live been so Idnj the dcral in their elements. In the latter, a to prevent<<; future; infractions of the OF THE
' prominent subject of discussion by the Constitution is, in fact, by a symbol of public law; and it ia expected that you .will require UNIVERSAL MARINE TELEGRAPH
and have been so often and triumphantly with satisfactory evidence t there has
press-: opinion,is construed by and varies -
vindicated by the first miods in our the changing will of. a majdrity ; while in been a strict comnliancft with the requisitions REPORT of the Committee of Observation ,
State, and in the Federal councils, that it oat Republic a guardian power preserves it of the foregoing actin each case, before of the Boston Marine Society, to whom
is deemed unnecessary to promulgate more as a permanent! rule of action. the bond of the master, required by the system of Marine Signals Telegraphic:
than the following exposition, 'vliichisoffcr The formal recognition of such a tight the first section thereof, be allowed to bo Flags was referred, having carefully exam-
ed in lieu of a more detailed political creed. on the face of the Charter would have ben cancelled.I ined the Signals, and; experienced their utility
Free Trade will be advocated as the dic- superfluous in as much as it resulted nece,;- am, respectful;, at sea, recommend the same to nautical:
. tate of an enlightened policy-as a privi sarily from, the formation of a compact between Your obedient del rant, Brethren, as being'more extensive and easier *
lege of the people, which impartial justice independent sovereigns having no S. P. INGHAM, distinguished than any Signals they
requires from the rulers of every country- common umpire, Asa feature of our political Secretary of the Tieasur y. have ever seen in use in this country, and
nod as a right,which,in ours, is guaranteedby )'h 'nit; is ofcourse a piolitlcalnota To the Collector bf the Customs. feel Confident that every one who will give
the Cpnsti ution. 1'h.e frame of that revolutionary right. Formed for the protec Circular to Collectors of the Customs. them a fair (rial,'' tDn'intcdhat

venerated Instrument withheld from the tion of a minority from the usurpations! of TREASURY DEPARTMENT, ., ) they are very,useful!and valuable inventions.
Federal agents the power to protect manufactures the Federal authorities themselves, and May 14, 1831. { The Committee having also examined the
by restrictive duties ; it has been from the usurpation of a majority exercised SIR : It has been ascertained that the de- method of using thb Signals this Harbor,
a perversion of the revenue of those authorities currencies of foreign countries
usurped by through Ihcsubserviency preciated are fully satisfied that any information that
power, and its exercise, involving sectional the Constitution needed a protection. have been variously estimated at the different may bo required}. may be l communicated if '
oppression for sectional aggrandisement, Reliance for that protection surely wa notplaced Custom Houses of the United States! received; "from any vessel (using the Signals:
has necessarily, produced a sectional exasperation in either of the parties against whomit owing partly, to defective information as approaching the Light-House, with the
which endangers the permanency that was provided as a shield. The Supreme to the'true specie value of such currencies, greatest ease, correctness and despatchand
th'o injured
of the Union. It is impossible : Court being one of the Federal agents,was and partly,to an erroneous practice of computing that their merits need only to be fully
parties can tolerate'legislation sd manifestly not, therefore, entrusted with its political their yahoo according to the rates of known, to be duly appreciated.
unjust and unequal in its operation. guardianship. Nor could he engine of tho exchange with England, and reducing the SAMUEL HOLLAND,
, Without first proving, which is impossible, majority-the ballot box-have.been con- sterling value of depreciated currency President of the Committee of the
that the benefits the protection are equally sidered as the safeguard. The sectional into money of the United States without :. Boston Marine Society.
apportioned to all the States-it is a gross minority can exert 'no influence on the representation regard to the difference between the legal THOMAS ENGLISH', Sec'y
absurdity to contend that tho_burdens of of a sectional majority. The and the true 'Values of sterling money in U.Slates' ---- -
the Tariff press equally upon all. If, then, responsibility of representativesbritsccurcs currency. To avoid such discrepancies To Shipmasters and Owners.of 1 cs8sci.,.
it be a tax oh consumption exclusively' as their fidelity to theif respective constituents and errors in future, the President
its defenders vainly argue, its operation ia I and the representatives;[ of a minority directs that whenever invoices are made The extensive adoption of tho Marino
yet glaringly unequal, and it becomes no can effect nothing against tho antagonist out in a currency the value of which is nptfixed Telegraphic Flags by Vessels of all descriptions
free people to submit to its unauthorised interest which the representatives of a majority by the laws of the U. States,toil will throughout the Union,has rendered -
exactions. Much less is it to be tolerated, may be compelled by their constituents require from the importer Certificate; from it expedient to establish gchtie fhva,
when i't Ii evident,that we arc not only arbitrarily to enforce in utter disregard of the Hit United States1 Consul, if there be One, rious Seaports where Registry Offices are
taxed as consumers, but that the Charter. The principle, therefore, is desolating at the place of exportation of the true' value kept for the purpose of entering Vessels
result of the protective system! is and furnishing sets of Flags, Signal Uoolis,
inevitable -that the Constitution is at the discretion of such currency in Spanish or United States
the ultimate ruin of the Southern producer of a majority, and must be quietly silver dollars, and charge the ad valorem and designating numbers. .
in'the prostration of_onr agricultural inte surrendered to their wisdom and justice. duties according to such value ; or, in the Ship Masters oc their return from S c6aarerequestcd'to
Besides except in the Parliamentary transactions absence of such evidence, that you will ascertain send their Signal Books to either -
rest.There isno, solidity in the objection tour of the two houses of Congress' -our said value from the prices current, of the undermentioned Agents,Jo have
resistance, that others art; blindly sub frame of government no where recognizes aniLsuch other authentic sources of information inserted therein, all the new entries of'dcsi*
rriittt 16 the evils, which arc Overwhelming the consolidating that the will of a majority as may be within your- reach, & charge nating''numb"ers which may have occurred,
them in common with ourselves.- shall govern. The President may be the ad valorem duties accordingly. You during their absence, and are porticularly
ill!,delinquency ia not our justification. If elected by n minority of the people ; a ma- wilt give public notice of the directions desired to shew their} designating numbers
we are awake to the dangers and degradation jority of Senators representing States, the herein contained as to the consular certifi- when entering or departing from the Port, \
of our situation, it behoves ns to leave aggregate of whose population are a mino- cate ; and that uniformity may be hereafter of Portland,Boston, ,..NewYork, Baltimore
TO effort untried until we shall have repelled rity of the whole people, may reject a mea secured at all the Custom Homes you will Charleston and Sand Key. By conformingto
invasion oT our' liberties. The Evening this particular, their Vessels will be reported
sure unanimously passed by the representative forward to this ncparlrncnt,once a month,
Post will therefore, exhort to resistance of the people in the other House-and a statement of the rates at which the currencies by the Telegraph.
the Tariff, as the most prominent enormity the other /VGENTS.Observatory.
vice versa, a bare majority in aforesaid are thus estimated,at each
"of that "American System," which ban been the LEMvEt.MoonY, .
House may reject a measure passed by port from whence goods are imported and '
built up on the ruins, of the Free System unanimous voice of the Representatives of invoiced in such currencies. In all cases of Portland.
, bequeathed us by our fathers, and which, if. the States in the Senate--The President, a doubt as to the value of such currency, you JOHN It::.PARKER, '
established as the settled policy of the coon single individual* may put his veto on the will apply to the 'J'ie sllry Department for : : Observatory,. Boston.
,try, must! in the end, either the bond deliberate act"t both Houses; and the Judges information. I am, respectfully; your obedient J OlIN. GREEN: ,
of Union,or melt down and consolidate the of the Supreme Court, holding office servant, s. D. INGHAM, Telegraph at the Battery, New'ork.THOMAS .
State Soveteignties into one limitless,irre not by election but by appointment, mayset Secretary of the Treasury. ': NEILSON
sponsible despotism. The Evening Post aside the concurrent enactments of Exchange, Baltimore.
will oppose Internal Improvement as unconstitutional House Senate, and President. The power OFFICIAL CIRCULARNAVY 'JAMES M. ELFORD;
as an engine: of favoritism, to protect the Constitution could not DEPARTMENT, > Charleston.
'as a source of sectional robbery, as creating have been rationally intruste'd to the very Sept. 26, 1031. THOMAS. EASTIN
a necessity for perpetuating exorbitant majority from which the danger violation SIR,-in consequence of recent occur _Key Nest. .
taxation-it will oppose the rechartcring was apprehended. It would have been indeed rences in the service, your attention is invited '
of the United States' Bank, as manifestly committing the keys of the'honsc to lo two subjects,where the laws now regulate SOUTHERN REVIEW. .
unconstitutional, and as prolonging the existence the safe. ;e'ping of.thoset distrust of whom the, rights and power of, all cbncern- THE subscriber begs leave to inform the
of a dangerous power; add it will suggested thd propriety of locks The power ed; but where<< there is still vested in officersa public that he has undertaken, for the next
oppose the projected disposition of the Surplus was wisely left with the several State discretion, in the exercise of which it three years to publish the SOCTIIEUN REVIEW -
-' Revenue, as a scheme of barefaced, Sovereignties-and thus not only was there 'may be desirable to them to know distinctlythe and to look for his remuneration en-
wholesale bribery, which, if adorj.cJ, will provided a deinito rule of action for the wishes of the President and of this Department. tirely to the present and future subscription
give! to oppression a duration co-existant Federal Governmentbut a powvrto render list of $5. As this source has hitherto hern
with that of out government.A inoperative, that is to nullify, their unautho- One of those subjects, and our wishes up- inadequate to defray this expense, he begs
zealous and judfciousattachment to the rised and irregular action.So on it are, that when any portion of the Navy leave earnestly to solicit the patronage of
Union, prescribes tho present as the proper far as a congeniality views may exist furnishes relief to American vessels, I those who think the Review worth) of pub-
crisis for making a determined and uncompromising in relation to these principles, the Eve- whether wrecked or otherwise in distressto lic support. ..
stand for the Constitution,before ning Post, is pledged to the State Rights yield which relief promptly ought to The subscriber associated John B. Irving -
the jarring interests of different sectionsare and Free Trade Party;" and as the supportof be, and long has been one great object of ,Esq. with him in the publication! of the
organised against each other in irrcconciHWd measures, to be efficient; mu include its gallant exertions, hd: compensation of Review, who will conduct the correspondence -
conflict....before, blinded by their I aid kind should either be asked or received.
the support of men its humble will be any establish agencies, collect and receive -
unrighteous gains, tho consolidation! States zealously contributed to extend the personal The other subject, and our wishes uponit subscriptions, and attend to all the
shall regard as undoubted right their undue influence and promote the political advancement are, that till Congress em it proper, to business transactions of the Review,excep-
advantages-before they shall resolve to of those statesmen who devote alter the existing laws concerning punish- ting'the typographical departw ht. ,
maintain at all hazards the tyrannous principle themselves to the good cause, which is identified ments in the Navy, and whenever those laws The subscriber Iras the 'satisfaction also
that "public opinion,"or the will of n with the value of the Union and the allow a discretion in the choice Of punish to announcd that Hugh S.Legare, Esq (to
majority,is a power above the Constitution liberty and: honor of South Carolina. Its.. ments, the first resort, in'the case of offences whom the Review has hitherto owed td
and before the victim sovereignties in mino warm operation with these will be em- by seamen is recommended to be always much) has consented to be associated with
goaded: beyond endurance (unless the barrassed by a personal pledge to no can- had to pecuniary fines, badges of dis- the editor, Stephen Elliott, ESQ. in the lite-
very aspirations for liberty be extinct)shall didate for the Presidency, or any other grace, and other mild corrections, rather nry department of this journal-. .
rise in desperation and abolish a frame of than to die of '
office : humiliating practice whipping The subscribers who art still in arrears
gt'ernmtoomuch shuttered to be recog- In maintaining its ground amid tho conflicts and that never on the same day, by will be pleased to make payment. to J. B.
nised as that for which they originally stipulated of party, it will be the aim of the Eve punishing, undgr:! an officer's own authority, Irving, Esq. and the new subscribers will
and which inveterate sectional hatred ning Post to preserve the dignity of the two Offences at once, should the stripes, limited .pay their subscriptions likewise to him, asLe
shall then render it impossible ever Press, by courtesy and moderation, under by law, bo exceeded in number; or is alone authorized to receive them.
again tore-compose and re-edify. The South the belief that the legitimate ends of news- be inflicted otherwise than in the presence A.E. MILLER,
ont'e roused to a full sense of her wrongs, paper discussion! are best subserved by firm and under the sanction of the commandingofficer No 4 Broad street Charleston
will be satisfied with nothing but equality ; ness without violence, and zeal without in- of the vessel or station. "
and it cannot be denied that by the Constitution temperance. With the opinions and public And that, in tho case of offences by offi- "T NOTICE .
even strictly observed, the slaveholding acts of opponents, it will exercise tho rightof cers, which it is hoped their well known } undersigned having re-establishca
States are placed at decided disad dealing freely-but it is hoped ttatno high sense of duty and honor will prevent Tn elf at Key West, as a COMMISSION -
vantage. Once leagued for the resumptionof part of its career will ever justify the suspicion from becoming frequent a system more remedial MERCHANT AND GENERAL
fights, they will submit no longer to a of its even partial adoption of the infamous should be adopted, by sentencing toa AGENT, offers his services to his friends
system of indirect taxation, calculated to maxim,that all is fair in politics"The reduction of rank and pay, or to a suspen- and the public generally.
blind the people to the extent and inequality domestic Concerns of our native State sion from promotion rather than to suspension F. A. BItO'VNF}.

of their burdens-and they will demand will be carefully watched, and the policy from active service, as persons, unfortunately April 20, 1831 ,
for laboringclass a representation fully advocated which shall best calculated guilty of need
the classes of the appear ; lie offers for sale at his Ware House,
to thai of laboring discipline
equal the
for her prosperity; safe and economical most constant of active ser- 30,000 feet White Pine Boards
other States. The required concessions
vice, and when suspended therefrom are
will be certainly refused by those by whom While government.the Evening Post will be devotedto left without employment undert greater 10,000 first quality Bricks
15 bbls Beef
but eta bargain esti prime
Union is regarded
the the promulgation of the political faith setforth temptations and Opportunities for injurious 36 do Bread
mated by a calculation of pecuniary profit indulgences. Navy
this not be
in -
bond will be neglectful 10 bags prime Coffee.
And loss, and the Federal sundered of the prakticaldetails of Commerce LEVI WOODBURY. -
-andfortver. The advocacy of State and Trade two branches of irfdustry which
faithful advocacy '
Rights is, therefore, the only must be most beneficially affected by the ORDER-NO. 10 AR 1VIANUI'ACTORX1V
of Union success of its doctrines. Great exertionswill HEAD QUARTERS OF THE ARMY. I of
II. WALL lake
With a firm conviction of this important thia.o opportunity
be made to the
truth, the Evening Post will contend for connected with commercial perfect intelligence, ADJUTANT GENERAL': OFFICE informing tho Pubjcthat hQlias established -

If Liberty-the Constitution-Union." For and our merchants and tradesmen shall nod Washington, May 5th, 1831. A 6 oAR MANrFACToay at Key 1Ve t..
Liberty first, as the first of national bles- the readiest attention to all their wants, and .having! been reported to the Var Department He imports for this purpose, the very l ct
lings ; for the Constitution which secures it the warmest gratitude for all their favors. that contrary to the provisions Tobacco from Havana.SegareoFthe ,
frOm domestic usurpation ; and for the Uni of the act, entitled :An act lo regulate
on which strengthens it against foreign ag- TERMS: trade and intercourse with the Indian best quality, and of every
gression. Without a rigid observance of Daily paper, $10 per annum. Country Tribes, and to preserve peace on the frontiers description may be had at his establishment
tho compact, the tJ moo must become a Unit paper, three times a week, $5. ," appruved March the 30th, 1002, sev- ttr:: All orders in the above line wi"
on without Liberty and the uncertain dan- Advertisements inserted at the usual rates. eral white persons,with the intention thereto meet the earliest attention.
ger of subjugation from abroad is infinitely Charleston, 'S. C> Oct., 183!. settle themselves, tiava entered into tho March, J ,j.PIlOSr1C'1'US .