The Floridian

Material Information

The Floridian
Uniform Title:
Floridian (Tallahassee, Fla. 1831)
Place of Publication:
Tallahassee [Fla.]
Wm. Wilson
Creation Date:
February 29, 1840
Publication Date:
Weekly[Nov. 11, 1837-1848]
Weekly[ FORMER 1831-Oct. 15, 1837]
Semiweekly[ FORMER Oct. 18-Nov. 4, 1837]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 54 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
30.451667 x -84.268533


Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from Bell & Howell, Micro Photo Division; Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-v. 20. no. 34 (Dec. 30, 1848).
Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers, 1937.:
Began with Oct. 10, 1831 issue.
General Note:
"Laissez nous faire."
General Note:
"Democratic." Cf. Knauss, J.O. Territorial Fla. journalism, 1926.
General Note:
Publishers: Samuel S. Sibley, <1837>-1840; Gibson & Sibley, <1840>; Gibson & Hubbard, <1841>; E. Gibson, 1841; F. Flagg, 1841; S.S. Sibley, 1841-<1846>; Sibley & Dyke, <1848>; C. Dyke, <1848>.
General Note:
Editor: E. Gibson, F. Flagg, 1841.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 3, no. 10 (Oct. 24, 1831).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002060561 ( ALEPH )
10589672 ( OCLC )
AKP8647 ( NOTIS )
sn 84022794 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Floridian & advocate
Succeeded by:
Southern journal
Succeeded by:
Floridian & journal

Full Text
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Feb 4th, 184028- -.- 3qi- -,!.- ,AUV: ,IJ.of piaintiltr I HMM>I**, t! Lr .th QWB1am> te !!AtL i.Auilg ; mma'tf urJrAUl. IY at >ll Z oar UUf,' ; -4t.L..1, 3t1' .LIt i. 40.'tM''Plt; ,:
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: : :. .ft.,..IAit-t'i'U I\') E' 0 r'pORe E S'E T t4TIVES ''to I them- by the, only authority competent to such delegation. federacy. Thi clause 'then does- not interms-and could-- -not- part'or voice In his selection- or a p 'intme i t; ,h f!, it@> tiget"e"
I They insist that ItS an attribute of sovereignty ; dormant it I have been .intended to apply to the, cases of Louisiana and I officer and agent of be'Federal, Government d b l.di
FEnuVABY') 25, 1840. may be as yet, while we remain under the guardianship of the Florida, the acquisition of which was not then contemplated, PresIdent 'and Senate 'of the United States;-.nd 'hatiot tataiip-
General Government, but indksolubly connected with our yet as there are no other rules for the exercise of the authority propriately been termed "an oerjerof.a federtt': T.n ,
rights as a free people, and cannot be taken from us withoutat found in the Constitution, it may be conceded, that the powerof invested'with the power'"of .veto of,all the enactnWtifc of
ON THE JUDICIARY, to whom was "referred the same time degrading us from our birthright as freemen, Congress with respect to the latter: Territories is properly the Legislative Council tigainstianY vote of f less than firo'' t thirds

THE COMMITTEE tbe Governor's Message as relates to the and making us slaves.In exercised. under the delegated authority referred to. of the members both Houses, -- e'is inyested;wlkltti|\! tpo' !- ,
to much of power pursuing'this enquiry as to the power of the LegislativeCouucil But the position that the authority to "make all needful rules er of suspending the execution of ihe criminal lawsBehcotmander !
of the Governor+ and Legislative Council of the Territory, to of Florida to incorporate banks with exclusive privi- and regulations respecting the territory and other properly in chief of the militia oldie'Terrhory has t nomination t
create and charter Banking Corporations, and to pledgethe leges and franchises, and to issue bonds on the faith and guar- I belonging to the United States," gives to.Congress sovereign of most of the civil Territorial officers.' The cbfei military

Jaith and credit of the people of Florida for the aid and anty of the Territory, your Committee propose to enquire- and unlimited power over the persons and property of the peo- officers uf our Territory "are also appointed by the.Genera

benefit of such corporations, with instructions to report first, where this power originally resides ; and, secondly, ple of this Territory, cannot be yielded. While committee Government, as are the Judges and ExecntivtTofficera' ; rS: of .our-
&c.,- : whether it has been derived by the Legislative Council from ; concede that with regard to the mere police government of the Courts justice; the qualifications of.the member*-ofthe'Legi-
thereon, REPORT : that only proper source. lerritoiy.Congress may 'make all eedful rules:regulations,' lative Council as well as of the electors,- the place and'period of ;
.J I The first branch of this enquiry rests upon very simple priu- they deny its power as extending beyond that limit. It is supreme -!!its sessions and the pay of its members,' have been. grficriSeaand ..
The Power of the Territorial legislature to create banking : ciplrs, and will not detain us long. We contend that the right and controlling within that limit only. It can make no'I regulated by Congress, andyeton the soleprelenc't that Ihe
corporations of a more permanent and indissoluble characterthan : (to create such corporations, and to bind 1 the people, can only I I other rules or regulations, the operation of which will divest people under this Government are permitted to designate a' small 1
Territorial government, has heretofore been questionedby : be exercised by the the the of of the citizens of the Territo- .
jjLo sovereign authority-by power politic or impeir rights property portion of the agents thus exercising the powers of. Fcdc:
those whose opinions are entitled to considerationin and out ally omnipotent as to all purposes and object and not merely I ror which encroach upon their 'rights, privileges and immunities ral I Government is contended that they are tic thef6xer6isf i
of Florida. As early as the year 1829, the Executive of Flor- supreme in its action upon a limited number or description. :I, ," secured not only to all the citizens of the United States and enjoyment! of their'right* of sovereignty, ft mtHtootibe
ida rejected two such acts of incorporation passed by the Legislative ; The advocates of the constitutionality of the BanK of the U. by other pro\isions. of the Constitution, bat expressly guarantied overrotrt( d also;'that it is within.tbe_ conceded power: of Congress
Council ; and slated in his message, among other reasons Slates were obliged to concede this position : "It {is incidentsays'Ifamiitqpj'.io ,to ilicj'.jV jbhanls of ,Florida. by the Treaty of. Cession., to take away even this privilege!; and so to'chance the'Ter-
that it is doubtful whether, from thc character of the ( sovereign power to create corporations." i i 1.1 rn ne ivu.ti-' sand restricted tmns, "needful rules ana regulations ritorial Government at,its pleasure, as to prevent-'tbe.''I people
.. "the :Territorial t Government! deriving its power solely from Th'e opponents of the Bank (Mr. Jefferson and others) took ,, ,"used in the Constitution, show that it was not intended from being in any wise heard or felt, in the conduct.of ;its'af-
an act of Congress, and, dependent; its very existence in the same ground ; and contended that such sovereign power' to invest Congress with the attributes of absolute soveieign- fairs; and above all Congress reserved to itself unconditional
'" its present form, upon the legislation of thc National Gov- had not been delegated to, and did not belong to the Federal ty over the Territories. Investing it with supremacy as to and supreme control over the whole legislation of this
eminent ; being itself but an imperfect, qualified and dependent Government, but rested in the people of the several Slates. certain specified objects, does not include investiture of sovereignty body, asserted to Ije the representatives' the people and invested -
r. corporation, without any certain t term of existence,-it The advocates of the Bank were driven bv the force of this ar- with regard to other objects. The committee are aware with the authority to exercise tbeir''sovereign 'poirers.
i, "can properly create other corporations, and make them of gument, (not to question the true source of the power,) but to that others contend for a different construction, and claim for Partially represented as they now are in the Legislative +
"more indissoluble character than itself." Messages of other the assumption that this power had been impliedly I. delegated by Congress under the delegation to "make all needful rules and Council, their voice can be stifled and their actions,para1 zed
, Executive officers of this Territory, at different times, expressing / the Statesas being necessary to carry into effect the other sovereign regulations" for the government of the Territories, the right to in a moment by the exercise of this reserved controlling 'power a
similar doubt, might be referred to; and it appears by the powers expressly delegated. All parties concurred in exercise exclusive, uncontrolable and illimitable sovereignty Congress, and yet this power so* restricted so dependent; on 1 11
hb records of the Executive! Office that in 1833, serious difficulties'' tracing the power in question to the same source ; and the only]i I over the persons and property-over all the political and natu the will of another, has been claimed at this enlightened! day *- :
arose as to the organization of the first Bank, to which faith ) contest was, as to the extent to which the power had been dele- ral rights of the inhabitants. This assumption originated with and in this land of freedom, as Sovereignty! and this- claim must
a'w bonds were issued, in consequence of the opinion of the then gated by the States to the Congress. .j I j I those I political\ I constructionists who I have sought 1 an aggregation be conceded before we can acknowledge the binding obligation +
s/l acting Governor as to the questionable character of ibis power, j i) It is an admitted truth, that in England it was! the prerogative : in the federal Government, by taking: the Constitution in a of the faith bonds and guaranties upon those of the inhabitants ,
Lie and the dangerous features of the charter. : of the Sovi reign to create a corporation.In i I "' large and liberal sense" of all political power; and has been of Florida who have not by the individual act ,pledging1,heir + .
t, The discussions in the National srtftl State Legislatures, and I a case decided in the Court of Errors in the State of''recently seized upon by the advocate; of a fanatical and danger property to corporations in the manner prescribed by their
hfs in the {public press as to the power o \the Federal Government New York! Chancellor Wnlworth says, that the power to ': OilS heresy, aiming at the destruction of the right of properly I charter: made themselves directly responsible.: Upou the whole .
, to incorporate a National bank: have at different epochs exited : create corporations with franchises, which belongs only to the"sor'rcigrt in the South. I It becomes the South to repel the establishmentof : people, as a people or as a political government, they tfrt no\. : +
the attention of the peopll of the United Slates, as much perhaps of the territory, does not appear strictly to belong .' such doctrines. binding, because they have not been created by any. authority
- as those on... any other political topic. Our Tel'l' loral} to the law-making lgiverUnder the common law of Eng-j j! The Committee will now advert to the terms of the delega- competent to create such obligation.
not Government or Intitule deriving all its power and authority I land, it belongs:; to the king, as a branch of the royal prerogalive. -,,, lion of this power by Congress to the Legislative Council of Another view of this question, it, appears 'to Committee, '
,".i from Congress, those discussions have afforded us !some light, Although parliament sometimes granted acts, of incorporation the Territory. If it shall appear on the one hand that such presents the same conclusion in an equally strong point of
as having a ilimt bearing upon the questions) submitted to the it was generally in those cases where some extraor-'1 delegation was more extensive than the authority of Congress i view. It can scarcely be pretended that the voters of this Territory -
LJ. Committee. The verdict of the, nation, when the impoitant: "dinary powers and privileges were wanting, not within the ';j I itself, it must t be confined within the limit of the original au- I I at the elections of the members of the C"onncilbeKeved!
subject was submitted to them in 183G, was that the States had "reach of the king's prerogative. Even then the rule held good, thorny i ; or if, on the other hand, more restricted, in the enquiry they were investing them with power to hypothecate their Individual
stir! conferred no such power on Congress.The I .* that HJ corporation is good without the royal sanctionC for!l I as to the power of the Legislative Council, it must be still fur- property, to create capital for banking corporations' for ,
wh.l power of the Legislative: Council was deemed so fltI5- the assent of the* I king is necessary to even1 parliamentary act. thet limited to such restriction. By the Organic Law, the the benefit of third persons, and in two instances, of those who
tionable, by those to whom it was first proposed to sell the Territorial In this country, the people of the Stales, the only legitimate; I I j power of the Legislative Council is confined to all rightful are not wholly citizens of the Territory. Can it be supposed,
a. bonds issued in aid of( the Union Bank of Florida that : Ii succeeded! the which fnrmerI. of This of be
.SovomgiiSjhave to prerogatives i subjects legislation. right legislation cannot that if(hose who have obtained the,faith bonds and guaranties
- the written opi-iions of :several distinguished lawyers had to be' belonged to the crown." extended bejond the original power vested in Congress by the had applied to the individual citizens to sign and seal'such mort

IWet procured before such sale could he effected. Notwithstanding, 111 a debate on the renewal of the charter of the U. States Constitution. Thisyour committee have contended, is limited, gage, or pledge of their lands and other property for 'their benefit s
r die these opinions affirming such power,"the fact< that in the foreign'I Hank, it is said b) IJ-. Crawford that the right to create a but even though Congress were vested with absolute sovereignty they would have obtained the assent of a single individual tr j
I till markets our Territorial stocks are generally at a discount considerably corporation) is a right inherent to e\cry sovereignty ; and as some contend, yet the delegation of power over' amongst them? It will not be pretended. ._ '
.eaer fail greater than State stock, is a .rest rhahle proof ;jf :Mr. Clay, in the same debate, enquires, What is the nature,' "all rightful subjects of lcg:slation": merely, to the Legislative But it has been urged that the neglect by Congress to- exercise l
01(k the distrust that Mill exists on this: point. The difitreiuo between of this Government ?: It is emphatically federal vested ilh I' Council, is restricted. But the committee regard the delega- the right of( supervision and repeal of the acts of the. Leg-
ort.J ,, State and Territorial stocks is preserved amidst nil the an aggregate of specified powers for general purposes, conceded tion of the authority to the Council, as a legislate construc- islative Council, even if the alleged power of thet ooncil was
.'rt fluctuations of trade, and must result from the apprehended] insecurity by existing"creigntirs, who have themselves retained tion by Congress of the article in the Constitution with respect insufficient, rendered those acts: valid. This; argument b based
; .Dr.W of the hitler. It is in the nature of a premium of in-i, wluit i i5 not so conceded. 'fhe power to charier companies* to its own i power over Territories, and that it is confined 'I upoj the hypothesis that the sovereignly the peoples 0-Florida .-
.aIM Ea sumncc against the risk of lending money upon questionable : is not specified in the grant, and, contend, is of a nature not to subjects of more municipal legislation only Now to derive before we assume the rank "of a Slate is..deposited Jo f i
.trtt1rq, guaranties; and 1 if it shall be found: that: thi Tenitorial: legisla-j l transferable l by mere implication : it is one of the most ex- the authority of the Legislative Council to incorporate I Congress. The Committee conceive'they Uaya:bfforelssitafti -. ,,,.
ture had no power to bind the people of ]Florida; such a result', ailed acts of sovereignty." Banks and to pledge the faith of the people, from the powers. such hypothesis to be incorrect, awl' that the piopW ot'folxdEnever -
:,- will not h;+\'P JWn holly unapprelieiidwl or unprovided forby'' Autl'ontios: upon this point might be greatly extended ; but delegated to Congress in the Constitution, and by that body to i did and never could have placed' their sovereign'power
the capitalists who have advanced their funds: + : to the banks on ;j we deem) it nnnece-: \ as the principle itself ;Is not denied, the Legislative Cbuncil:! must be to assume that those acts, so in their keepingand that it i is not there dtposited by any provi- '
Jdter these stock. I i and has only been (dwelt noon so Iongbecause, in the constantly far from being the cxelcise of sovereign authority, are but or- sions of the constitution. The omission: on the 'part of Con-
otherwest The Committee, believe that a question{ which affects vitally i accumulating claims 0, cirisiaiive i uoiver. the fundamental dinary acts of "rightfulle.hlation., This must be necessarily gress to exercise their reserved right of repeal would at most -

the interests and huiior of the people of Fl.iridn, demands! the ,, principles of our government! are sedulously Kepi out of sight, assumed; but mark the inconsistency of the advocates of this but leave with the Legislative Council such authority as ,it is ;
most serinjis consideration: ; and should be IlCo. wantonly put aside until the lapse.*)!f tim may convert acquiescence The right to issue lIudon: the faith of the people of Florida above the dignity of an act of mere legislation-it is not of the Council force and effect, until they were determined by ', r
0in.. into aII) and I supr} {, :)tdd ll'uf-' f >ire of moral obligation -. in aid+l of corporations, ob\iou ly cannot exist without the merely a law, but a grant, a contract, beyond the reach of any the direct negation Congress; but the committee cannot forbear -
IV.oir. to those now existing: of a chn-acter so dubious and nu- right to create those corporations, and as obviously cannot be i future legislative action. The charters: of the Banks are cither the remark that the reservation of the nower of repeal by
& .defined. unless have delegated acts of ordinary legislation, mere "rules and regulations," of all the lawr. of the them inconsistent
- Fully aware of the solemn! responsibility re-slim.;' u1)- exerci't'llmt: by the people themselves, they Congress: Territory, appears to -
on them, ;growing out of tEe: danger of delay in proclaiming'! : the right lo other or they are not ; if they are not, then the Legislative Councilhas with the intentional delegation by Congress of the ., ,
,drG olUliM to the world the sense entertained by the people of Florid \, rf'' Our government!: would cease to he a republic, if power of: transcended its authority in creating them, and they are I power to create corporations and pledge the faith of tbe people
It.St tlC) validity of these heavy liabilities imiuitcfl to them, your | any kind was assumod by the representatives of the people, null and void ; if they are mere rules and regulations, they I } .by solemn contract, which if executed in parlor,io whole. t
Committee cannot claim from the control which the Legislative : before the exercise of the of repeal, might according to
approach: this momentous subject with a due>i- which Was nol derived from the people themsel! 1 veSt exemption power
bitty to the interests of the country, so vitally involved in the! The committee deem the bonds issued for the purpose of body must, from the very nature of its Constitution, retain the opinions of the advocates of the banks, restrict or even
un.1 discussion, and with an earnest wish to preserve unsullied the raising money for the defence of the country, stand upon a over all laws. The privilege of annual or periodical elections wholly destroy the reserved power of annulment. :Congress -
- credit and honor of Florida. I Ills no light occasiou: ( that has footing wholly different.! It may be justly regarded as a rightful instead of preserving to the people, the power to repair the mis- in its delegation of authority to the Legislative Council, reserved
i nor prompted this enquiry. Banks incorporated by the Li gisla-:; biibjert of legislation, to devise means to protect our families chiefs of unwise legislation, and to rebuke the assumptions of the right of repeal and annulment i in unqualified and nn., 1
fortisItertd I j tl\'e.Council of Florida, have already {procured bonds purporting "and our firr sides, and the people of Florida! can never be their faithless servants, as it has been the pride of Americansto restricted terms; and could not have contemplated that thisTigbt
: to be guarantied bv the Territory to the amount of' s.urh recreants to the principles of justice and of honor as to believcjwould IK but a solemn morkeryif a single legislature should be fettered and restrained by the Legislative'Cncil,' .

$3.900,000 ; and claim, u Pothers 0n the same authoritJthe light) to' disavow such liabilities., Thp imperative necessity the occasion during its ephemeral existence, had the power to impose upon in so framing their actsas that,the ,
I to the amount of 5,000,000 more-making, in the aggregate : places "th'Ose obligations above the reach of the princi- the people liabilities extending! through an indefinite period f contract should intervene. The Committee therefore conclude, t
$9,500,000. The= people, who are said to have gtia raotied : ples by which our ordinary legislation should be regulated.It I and vitally affecting: their most cherished interests.It that establish I he position that the character of these laws and
I the payment of this enormous sum, do not exceed 1, in I Innmher remains then only to be enquired whether the Legislative is 11''t a little remarkable that the distinguished individual the actsunder thempreventthe exercise of the power of annul- .
hear4fn 50,000 souls ; and a portion of them are houseless'' Council of Florida is invested, by direct or implied delegation, at the head of the school of latitudinarian constructionists ment involves those ,who so contend, in the dilemma that th
and wandering: fugitives from! a savage foe. Before we ha\Cj I'' with the right to exercise: "behalf of the people of Florida in his celebrated argument to prove that Congress possessed establishment of their position would incontestiuly prove '
assumed 1 the character of a sovereign State-while! yet in a l the exalted:: attributes of sovereignty necessary to- the creationof the power to create corporations, classed the Territo- the power to pass such laws and authorize such acts was' never I

- stale of pupilage and infancy, with) our resources!: undeveloped, banks or other corporations, and bonds and guaranties rial Governments being "but mere corporations," and boldly delegated. .
E. and claimed that as derived from the article of the Constitution In connection with these remarks the
MAJ our iibility even for the support of a government untried,- pledging the faith of the people of Florida. power on e.tentoftheagnc
t* wefind that every man, woman and. child, white or black The Legislative! Council of Florida is the creature of the already: quoted, which has relation to the territory belonging which the people of Florida have in the enacment oft.tese
arUww- amongst us, is already:: burdened with an imputed debt: of near Congress of the United States, deriving alike its existence and to the U. States. A consideration of the mode of the laws, and on the power of repeal reserved by Cong-res,
*W $5200-a debt as! large as that of the people of Great Britain its authority from that source, and ever subject to its controlling creation of the Territorial called governments-the Committee deem it appropriate to advert to a fact which forcibly -
rtrt" *uich has heretofore been regarded as a warning to I he civil- and rousing f power. The Congress is the creature of the 'people clause in the Constitution investing Congress! with the powerto illustrates many of the positions they have taken. .
& *-d world) ) The amount paid for interest on the sums already !i of the several States composing the confederation of winch I I organize them, and the objects ford character, of those institutes The law incorporating the Union Bank, when if first;passed: "

.Is.Jib?I borrowed is upwards of 230,000 per annum, and if the whole!I it is the legislative organ ; and it derives all the authority it I I have satisfied the com1niuecthat the\ are not intended the Legislative Counci in 1833, contained the prudent provsion 1
o41> should be procured/ will amount to upwauls of $570,000'i' can exercise or depute to others, from the people of those States, to be any thing more than mere municipal corporations for the 'that it should go in force until approved by ,
.' I government of the inhabitants! of the Territories, till the of t the then members of the Council .
PW annum-;u tax upon the People of Floridaa<4ly beyond'eir the Constitution: of the United States being the charier of ibis police indicating opinions
MUkJ0 "-} t> ability of en-Iurance. Indeed( such sum could not bc paid ]I Ib aulhoiily. From this statement of the case: the correctness and they assume the rank of independent States, and be admitted that the express sanction of Congress, was necessary ta give ,
. }' taxation: but only by an absolute surrender the property of t; fairness of uhich will not be questioned, we find, on the very into the national cOl1l deral")'. validity to the extraordinary provisions of the charter., The .
> Our But it is contended: that inasmuch as Congress Ins: allowed bill returned without ,the of the Governor of the
Cltl ns.Ffhis starring: and painful exposition i is nol made threshold of our enquiry, a defect in the credentials which the ).ct was approval
-! *..-f I Ic IWJi I a view of affecting the final decision of the people on this I Ir Legislative Council claim to have for tilt exercise of the powcrs -| the people of the Territory of Florida under certain restrictions Territory an officer in whose appointment, the people 'had'no
fc1fawae* r aoject. If it shall, be found that the obligation has been right- they have assumed. The people of Florida.had no agencyin and regulations, to designate the members of the voice, because i contained such a provision!. The following- '
; contracted, no apprehensions of ruin would be pressed on the formation of the Constitution of the U. States. The Legislative Council, that the acts of the' Council are to, be extracts from message present, i i conceived, the 'n" '
f. people of Florida, to induce them to shrink from a compli- attributes of sovereignty, among which are ranked the powerof considered as the acts of. the people and bind them in theirsovereign I ations which induced that course : 7 !
'f voce j> with' it. In such event, it would be the counsel of yourvommitlee creating corporations? and making the people responsible, for character.If I : A sense of duty demands:that the bill should bo returned:toJfiaV'body
, :( as they doubt not it would be the ready and honest their liabilities, so far from having been yielded by them, have it be true that the people in their sovereign character have with my objections to one of its prvision which seems:caK;" '
determination concession. That thus delegated their sovereign powers: to the Legislative Council diluted to defeat the objects of the bill of 'LegiM
***? of the people, to submit to any loss rather than been hitherto unsusceptible sovereignty t' '
I islative Council. .
-#--*', that of their, honor. 'But this view has been presented to en- resting in the people of Florida until they become a State, has: the Committee would yield the question in dispulebut such Believing that the objects proposed in' the establishment df '
** the been itisnot'in the Council they contend is not the case. The Council is i h truth but the t.
involved not given to Congress Legislative ;
magnitude and importance of the questions I ; the""heedful Union Bank of are of the greatest importance to the gen. .
Intl as the justification or your Committee for the course they'Aare nor yet in the people of the confederated States : it i is: for mere agent of Congress: in making rules and era) welfare of l'Iorida.good people l of' the Territory, and especially to
adopted. I the time dormant-in abeyance, and can only by brought into regulations" authorized by the constitution, the members of the planting portion of our,citizens ; and that if once ipsuccessful ,
*p the outset of this enquiry, your Commitlee desire to be 1 existence and exercised by the people themselves. What American which the people are permitted to designate, they having hadno operation, all other banking i institutions ,among u will yi to"it,,T*! r '
di iDctly undersloodas to the extent to which they are disposed j is there who will deny the doctrine that all sovereignty agency in the establishment the body nor any power to trust that tho Legislature will not retain the 35th the,bill L ','
to d and that it cannot be it shall not exist. On the original organization of the Ter- it does it, it must inevitably the advantages
,pnMhe. powers heretofore assumed, and professed to be exact originates and rests in the people ; exercised say Iso not destroy postpone .,
kd *o behalf of the people of Florida. The: concession by any other power but the people, or those to whom ritory and for some y'!arsthis permissive favour was not exten obvious and desirable, to an indefinite pero ','
.*y be safely) made, that regarding corporations not a* con- they have expressly delegated it. 'ded to the people,of lorida, ut.the members,of the Council were .On the return of the bill to the, wlS reeouae''te. .
I the President of the United States with the advice clause-referred to was Discarded by'a majority ; pu '
tractsnot bl
however for the this claim to a separate appointed
as private lawslUt as public laws passed for the Waving present
11.'''fit of the people and ubjectlike all other'laws and all sovereignty, for the people of Florida, as distinguished from and consen't'of.tbe'Sen' Can i it be thily said that becausethe sed by:'aim'rityof: tvo ; 'and ,then being uniocambercd wi t '
obnoxious clause the Governor.
;iC& corporations, control- revision, and repeaJ.ns the .time people of the confederated states. we will.recur tq the task l people have exercised the boon of designating the agents ,was approve by .
Committee to'the force of the t
Council of the General J Governraent.when they could not reject or qualify The cannot yield or prrey reasons
1 or interests of the community require,-the of tracing the authority assumed by the Legislative ,
te may i in the E for
with all) the .urged euiTe'n" striking 9 prov&Qft;
Rttlathe I Council, under its delegated ,authority over .all through the channels along which it '' commencing:; witthe ittheYinvest' thoseagents' powers' of Sovereignty but on.tbe ooutrarythey.y; ct',of
!fnl, &&bJ ech of legislation,, possess the power to give'to authority delegated by the people of the states to Congress belonging people supervision and& rtaiteIO ; n eYadDg"teyor;
potations existence like the them.QI' r\\jt*.*>_tlio., lorrifrtrif.'. Hplnnrrincr. in Ihpm.... of Floridl .had refused give even this col&ur of authorityto : ,b e
: an power,creating WVVA IW frVI* W J Mf- )***Q -- to go Into eaateaceautd forrri''caatracta': we p .
fat., on,the.will,of,, the people it. The whole power: of Congress i in relation l to the Territoriesis the agents! of theGeocral: Government the-other tenth under thus blacad: 'beyond; lhe'>xercise/p fthit nwe J af aniovaiioufof J.:. t.
\) 4 y the potter/:laim 4 for tbe legislative Council'to contained: In the second,seqtion; of the fourth article ofthe 'the act of Congrw- might! have exefciseld i this privilege of ,:tbjapQwenfbf;rrt. toad attiolatioa> L,",."\ '
"t1ls t the'attributes of:Spverejgnty-r-to call.institutions into Constitution of the United States.--!' The.Gorfgress shall.h&vepdwer selecting} ,!those:agents' Wd"* ;giving'.tKem! : ii1I_the' authority 'th ey' r"Ii'@ the. # ardiat>b)tb6odioKuf''P' .. f,
'arid make a all needfoiy:.rulc 'and'rett!'J1a-! now Pos-esl.- w _:*, tI9'p Ivfiltousl'Icivetttt' .. amore -
qf : :
,rodefwtetn':fiient'end protracted! f far beyond tbe td dispose. ,; f :o"1''' x'co '' tt "" ,
> ? -il_ * .-,2.: wn'd utpttotii"rtnd to';Snyelt thetai'wltti'ala4mt'tbW" q 110th trs f in 1I .: .teirltaiVrand'uotlier gro Pthe" : P' t.a e IulllUJ ,1u.
; .t"' At.Um the ado tron"'b 'sit to -Gbvenim f\.FJ:' ) :2Goveroo ,mite ; instltmioq ; *
: f d't nia ; 1e-t a fthr"I mitt-: lei United tlirtes1; .. : ;/of D t t1h..i .f"f'yolc
: : W1iJ ,
y*ttifi., _. lHt'ftnwer.,1.r.. ", ;;" '.'...C s .,.""'plttta..Sicb ).C."Ot) :vidYi'I Ild" ,_11,s' O ppstltdttoittluI\ 1 .. ibl!i'Ji' oilo.,.i--,:'ta.lbe(,1. ,,', UStatcs" nVffS i ft road ;a corapwrcii(fj controJling.part j ofiheieislative i hf.a u i ,bjt.a
M the
Ocrt:3 iwb(1liat
I F 1I i .tw; t4.I.tivi Cpancil_ or 'tins i bled dole t { tcdt ,f 1 aqutretfby i cession*"from States of the con: 'anthorit. The 1 people -of the: Territory have on! i ben urged by tome, who cnnQ'rpi tr

Y fir( p '. ..., ... .. .,...... ..-,. ....: '.'! '., .t""j-, -5'.: f.1f.: 0;' \ .,
.. ',' f:? ,.," ',-<" <. ; ;;:'.'-.".=::" ;...f.' !;.-..'.... '" '.' "". "- .d t:

: -:
; _

-, '

of tlie! cont u*>rtOioax which tne Coramittec hav prescnted, tbstol of a total!divestiture! of the right to.elercisecotpo. ate. privilegesAttd l 'I thorized to ,incorporate banking! ,company.-TbpiJ. *.also a, Cw 1 I la*.of Florida* ,with"f tlwsajB e&ci a* L. 11-" I Iry
I in for-the Government of Michigan .b not clothed, body,of such law, and whe&er"the laVi ( .
frtttcmseir that very'much point )
J Q.,.UwA4fUe.validity ibese faith l boom-*nd guaranties 'If may be sought to restrict or evade o*
fbbuld by the act of Congress, with more latitudinafy powers than the Territory tract or'otherwise does not the qaaSficatioch ? '.
,f a jaqniqacbed, till the obligations of the banks! withrespect power/but the general terms employed can'leave io doubt on I all ee ifis
that Territorial
clear the
Florida. .
to tfrenj!) at* violated, and the government or people ofT the subject. The qualification of"not,violating Jested rights of I naar4Toie&the ,
( In short, I consider the first question stated,to bo too clear, on time of their enactm nform-;
florid* irrVcallcd: fur Great ajarm) is : or impairing tho obligation of contracts, cau have no tpplication to I '
upon payment. apparent words of the act of Congress,and on the power of Congress to pass i its existence, above the revising power. ofCopgreaC :
lest the and credit of the people of! FJoria these institutions, unless the power of-the Legislative Council to create -I ."
expressed reputation
to the
and '
the act, and on the authority of settled construction practice, class of law, among roost impoxtantan4 .
: $ their interests jeopardixed.and tI cir honor them, and bind the people for their liabilities, was conceded ; fur.I i liD"
bou1d.beimp'ird admit of. further dtsC sstdn. I II I'|desevring the review of Congresses taken_oat oTthe -
ther than fo restrict the from the claims of .the i
tarnished by different course. Some haye been impelled legislature disturbing I 2d. The second Whether, after a sale of the Ter taioed in the acts establishing Territory'a, -
1 ...... question w, ..: t
; credito"-md the li.iliilitipq_ .___.._ of the_ Jl'hront. of thl''! bhnkli! -
'to tar bjf! eir i ieal'a'hd! aqxiety on this account, as to declare) -- -The----Convention--'-- ---- n also adopted-- n resolutions--- --- -- ,-which- ---w--:.K=-transmitted ritorial bond, described in the lOlb, 11th, 12th and 13th sections! 01 j The legal l power of Cup: _disapprove, j i ea t'T

any attempt to establish their invalidityin/a7 The Committee -I to Congress and laid before it nUts last session calling its attention the act incorporating tho Union Bank of Florida,' Congress can re. .by the plain testa of Cl''
have not been. deferred; from whaj they conceive to be the : to its duties and responsibilities growing out of the existence of these I peal the act of incorporation, and annul contracts made under it 1"inanawer i iI ency or pefhapft the moral,fitness of WhtDjW.-

'performance- of a solemn! duty to the people of Florida, and to'}corporations,and the extraordinary privileges they claim the right to I to this question, I nm opinion that the Congress of: cnrporating the ThonBank of Florida, to go;,into :
those? 'who. may have, become the holders of these bonds and exercise.! 11 I the United States Cannot: hereaflef, consistently with the principles of terwa arresting it, when the timely daPii-o I
the Constitution of the United States, nor with good faith, nor consistently might prevented its operation .
and the Government of United Stales such will tend to the .
guaranties! to the by That Congress will adopt measures as pro. dt-
f I with the dictates of sound policy and moral obligation, Of this Have the .
plain right
(tucii denuu latlon. On the contrary, they hold that the.same lection the just rights and interests of all parties, your Committeedo repeal the charter, and annul the contracts made under it, unless for lature, if Cong s proviso judge this effect a much 81"
i of honorable and which would induce not doubt, While the Territorial Government exists, Congress 1 in an act oti '
: Dictates feeling! true honesty, be
of the franchises of to C
some misuser, nonuser, the'corporation, and by that those who interested
is the tribunal of appeal, the members of which are more dis. Judgment a u .
an individual in society to withhold his name and credit proper judicially ascertained. If the however is t Jw '
previously valid
,interested and impartial than our local legislatures are likely to be. originally ,
: from the* perpetration: 01 an imposition, hQuld constrain thepcjpveof Even if our State Government was organized, affected as our State By the act of 1822, instituting the Government of Florida, Con. of law while it exists, aud acts done, and eODt i l a'' announce' to hc world their trite relation legislatures might be by the influence of interests hostile to those gress reserved the right to disapprove or annul any law of the Territory arc valid, and continue to be so, even after Congress m St

!and position! in regard to this sqbject! at the earliest period.- of the people, a settlement, by Congress, of the important ; and to enable them to review the laws from time to time have rendered subsequent act and cont b'tf'probion ,
Xt all hoards and at all sacrifices, they. should not quietly lie questions would be more desirable and satisfactory, and probablymore passed, all the acts of each preceding session of the Territorial Leg. view.ofthe Legislative authorityanswers P1 fm i '

by an4 tacitly permit obligations purporting to pledge their consonant to justice. It is not to be doubted that the action of. islature, were directed to be reported, by the Governor, on or before ,, which I think must b given to the first two 1.

credit, to be solder pawued in the public markets, and not avow Congressilready commenccdwill be full and complete; and save any the 1st December in each year, to the President of the United States, posed to me!but the third depd.upon diferentThe .

their rights and! intentions. NO if infamy there be, it will necessity for action, either by the Legislative Council by the Gen. to be by him laid before Congress. The case does not state the fact, relation! which a into the Union-

rest upon those who, fearful of the decision of the people upon eral Assembly of the State of Florida. but I understand, nnd believe, and nssiimcthe fact to be, thatthe act Territory or Territorial Government from which it .

.. this point are scdulqus to conceal from the purchasers of these It is not for your Committee to suggest what that action should be, incorporating the Union Bank of Florida, which passed in February, !j I I: question political or national law. What that relation ,rD.iW
1833, was reported, by the Governor,to the President,before December Constitution I law of the United States ..j
bonds the doubts whicli: rest the imputed liabilities of the or to conjecture what it may be ; but full confidence is entertained or any declr
upon of that year, and was by h r. fGItawiui: asd dv!:;! laid before Con. I laws of bind the State until ,.
.It be contended with force that that it will be such as will secure the true honor of our people, nnd I a Territory by '.1-. .
might even cOl I
people. silence great protect the just rights of nil parties. In glancing then briefly at the gress. I further' 'uelieve, and assume the fact to be, that Congress, lor Legislative authority, or whether the Legislation
timied would impose a moral obligation upon the people situation of the holders of the l.onds and guaranties, and at the mode during the last session, which commenced early in December, 1833, I at the creation of a State, unl by o a.Tdi .

: Flontin: to redeem such contested responsibilities even though by which their interests may he protected, the Committee hope they and terminated in June or July last, had the act of Florida incorporating -I of the Constitution then are ane upon whef .

(hey might be originally invalid. Further silence and delay will not be understood as thereby dictating to Congress ; but only as the bank, as well as the other acts of the Territory of 1833 I judicial authority or opinion. In several and perhaps ).

may iiurea the cviI, already grown to an alarming extent, till l being desirous to allay the anxieties of the people ofv.Florida on c.this! I under consideration and review ; and that Congress did disapproveof I I stances which have occurred Territorial i.

L i jt 6c o'qe irreparable.-It is believed that more than a million point, who, as becomes a free people, ore solicitoushat not i\ shadowof some of the Territorial laws of Florida, during the last session, 1 ernment, there has been a direct action upon ee subject by&e _;

pfthe bonds already issued are yet unsold ; ands before stated, suspicion may cloud their integrity, or u'rn the splendor of therUing and that they did not disapprove of or interfere with,the act in ques !1 I Constitutions.. i.

4 above five and a Half millions claimed by the banks, have not star: about to take its place a'. ine co.istellation) of the Union. tion. I It was so in the cases of Tenne Ohio, Indiana, u .

yet received the signature and. the seal of the officcers of (In the two largest banking! institutions, the stock is secured by the Upon these facts, I am of opinion, that Congress is to be consid. I Mississippi, and Miur all expressly adopt l&a:*ftfrfabrial -

the '!Territorial Government. Timely warning may. afford to mortgage of the property of the stockholders, alleged to be ample Security ered as having given the bank act an implied sanction, and that its silence I laws then the exception in case of'OtJfijK,
' whil* the amounts to acquiescence. All just reasoning, and all sound I parts of two acts in relation to the of Attornies
: !all parties, opportunity to take such measures as will secure ; Territory, in consideration of her character as guar amision jtfelf.
antor \Uos retained of the directors morals, and nil true policy, lead irresistibly to this conclusion. The I the recitals of the Constitution cases do .
the of t&
tncir fpspepliye\, r rights;, l and interests, which might otherwise be- : right appointing a portion i nc expreai %>
act incorporating the bank, is replete with provisions requiring its immediate I tive be for the removal of __
to but
*. till fnrllipr___ iPnnurli7.prL. and i is entitled to a share oi the surnlos profits. Let this right and doub no evils or -fences _- > _.,
L L J torn r---- --f'- J9-" ------ I I Inis interest be abandoned to the bond.holders as an additional security organization ; and during the year 1833, we are to presume, I arise from the change a Government tjZjmanent
It is contended by some, that Congress, having neglect to that arising from the mortgage: of the property of the stockholders it was ready for action ; and large and interesting rights were to be State Government" or words t that effect. t

ed its duty* as guardian of the people of Florida in supervising and there cannot bo n doubt that their interests will be bet. acquired under it, and it is impossible to admit, that the Congress of opinion; would seem to have previe that the ;

the acts of the Council, and having suffered the tcr guarded than nt prr>cnt. with the shadowy interposition of the the United States intended, by its silent acquiescence, to induce the leglaton bound, with its owi. vigor, Temr TwO.l:

: ,interests of third persons' -foreigners, said to be unacquainted unauthorized Territorial guaranty. The bond.holders having a direct public to invest property, and make contracts, upon the faith and validity re into a State, aud admitted at Uain ol, t
with our peculiar constitutions-to become involved, are interest t in the pr\j>rr conduct of tho banks while they remain in I of the charter,aud then, to deceive and ruin them, by some future the Territory ceased t operate, unless expressly fe i1

k jqsjly responsible for such neglect, and bound to indemnify existence; their \nie l being heard in the management: of them throughthe I dissent. The case was one that required a decision of Congress opinions existed in Pennsylvania in regard t t ase if jfr
'3I!!I who may suffer thereby. Whether these premisses and this dirrctors now alKmcd to the Territory. and themselves aroused in a reasonable time ; and one whole session, and one in which the revolution upon the Colonial lawswhich were with certain 'J

conclusion are sound, and whether that body will accede1 I I from the drlu ncr jecunly in which they are reposing on the imaginary question of bank privileges, and bank policy, and bank monopoly, adopted and continued by a Statute of the State. ProTO i
the force and of this it is I pledge of the people of Florida. their ultimate interests must! was constantly under discussion, was that reasonable time. The exercise also made in the Constitution above referred to for eootmtaf ii
fo justice argument, not iwces.aTy -
wsubsened by the proposed relinquishment. But let the peopleof I of the power hereafier, would be out of season, and unreasonable for all rights, claims, aid contractsthat existed under
for the Legislative Council to express an opinion ; but the Florida postpone the disavowal and repudiation of this pledge; J and unjust, and most mischievous. Congress,by the act instituting rial government, a if these ab depended for theitcont tb Tm
Committee will observe that inasmuch the of
as purchasers let the Government of Florida, prohibits them from passing the of who .
: those distant bond-holders sleep under the false delusion of the any pleasure those the Constitution. Bet *Htt*
hese bonds and guaranties were bound to look to the compe- laws impairing the obligation of contracts andean we admit, that CJte
liability of the people; let these securities now said to be ample, re- ; .: meaning t express air ()piflLOfl on the effect of becoming a
jency and authority of those who professed to be clothed with main under the undisturbed and exclusive control of the party whose I Congress itself could set the example, and violate its own recorded upon such laws :I"cre neither contracts, cor the

: U/e/ power tt> create.them, if they have been milled by the dicta interest it is to impair: and destroy them, and who can doubt (without precept tVe are to look to Congress, on the other hand, for private rights, I bate no doubt that estates and it Jf*,._ .j.

ana representations of those to whom they preferred to resort the imputation of fraud on the present stockholders) that in the I marks of wisdom, and unerring purity and good faith. It would be I under a Territorial l government, continue in vigor,(in aH ciiSiIt..

t rather than to the constitutional principles of our government long lapse of thirty jear, either mismanagement, misfortune, \icis- repugnant to the Constitution, for Congress to divest vested rights, withstanding the erection of a Tcrritr into a State and that 6s*.
.: the fault is their own. The people of Florida are not situde or fraud will greatly weaken, if not totally destroy them, j.i after it has incited the creation and investment of property, b: express provision in relation to thc ey was made i the ConiQtetafreferred _
the of who to the bond.holders no other than and its acquiescence in the law creating these rights, and that acquiescence .. cavtela.
4 bound by acts any may profess to be their agents, security illegal obligations lo, only ex jaajori Existing estatesrights
>vhn are not in fact legally constituted as such. Assumption endorsement! and to the People of Florida the regret that their name founded on a deliberate review of the provisions and policy of tracts, whether derived from Territorial statutes, or from ue
I was prostituted to the law. Such a supposition is to be rejected derogatory to the called the law of
pf their name and authority without their consent, creates no purposes so unworthy common :Territory, cannot b abe tit
obligation' them, either legal or moral and it is only The Committee deem it an act of justice to present the opinions of I honor and character of ihe nation. I I erection of the Territory into a State, nor can they '
by .,
upon ; ,
k their silence their in such those who entertain the converse of the propositions they have nnin- I 3d. The third question is, Whether, by hereafter Incoming: a State.I continuance upon the pleasure of the people, who form p.6
by arqujesccnce: usurped authority, tamed ; and have annexed to this report the opinions of the several the State of Florida can release herself from the obligations entered I I tion uron which the State is admitted into the Union. It ii tpxxV:
so earnestly pressed upon them as dictated by expedience and I legal gentlemen who were counsel to the Union Bank in tlie ne oti". into as a Territory, under the provisions of the act in qutsli.n ?" I I pie of the Federal Constitution that a State cannot impair toe oi%*%. H
policy, and L by a morbid and mistaken notion of honor, that tion of their bonds. WALKKI ANDERSON: C1&'n.'Flie The answer to this question is, that she clearly could not. It is:: a lions of a contract. It cannot, therefore, b co-isUtant with fat

.* such obligation can be incurred. This false; honor may be Committee, iii conclusion, recommend the adoption of the fol. !. well established principle in jurisprudence nations, that a comm'inity j j Constitutiouthat rights ar.d contracts,existingant! vested under a .
purchased at the price of real degradation ; and your Committee lowing resolutions : loses none of its rights, and is not discharged from any of its :: ritorial Government, may be abrogated i y the Constitutionja&r

do no: think the legislature would be justified in withholding 1. Resolved, That the power of the Governor: and Legislative duties, or obligations' or contracts, by a change in the form of its ci. !'! which it is entitl-to come into the Unnvi. I i no

; the expression of their opinion, when silence may involve Council of the Territory Florida, delegated; by Congress! over "all vii government. The body politic ii still the same, though under a ;i; the nature of the change then made by the people cis.i thei

r our constituents and their posterity in irredeemable dishonor rightful subjects of I legislation," under that clause in the Constitution different modification of its powers and organs. [Kutherforlh Institute I j: ment. Their political character is ahered, b they are 'I.tau'.
and ruin. which invests Congress with authority "to make all needful rules and 62, chap. 10.] Florida, by changing Territorial, for a Fed. community of people, property and private rights, and the obEgi&M

In and these regulations respecting the territory and other property belonging to eral character and relation, would preserve, of course, nil its pepOl' to respect them, and to cause them to be r
entertaining avowing opinions, to prcvent.misapprehension" pte nccort6
: of the the United States," does not extend to tho creation of banks with exclusive ty, and institutions, and liberties, as well as all its obligation, sad ''principles of the Federal Constitution. exist

effects. of A their approval and establish_ Drivilejrcs. and fram-hiscs. nor to the issuing of bonds and contracts, and laws, and duties ; and so far from being freed from .. in the Territorial government. Congress may disapprove o.asTcrritorii
meat, eitner by me legislation ot iyongres; or that of the future V.* f its obligations under the UnioT Bank charter, the Territory would
guaranties, in aid of such institutions! pledging,the faith and credit of i I law, and destroy it leaving acts previously done anderl
State of Florida, we would obseive, that carried out by the people of Florida. como under the new constitutional restriction, Not to pass any law i in full Jurce.. This i done by virtue of aconditionasnexedevery .M
: the most rigorous legislative action, they do not destroy or 2. ItcsnJccd That such pledge of the faith and credit of the people impairing the obligation of contracts." Any law that the Territory ': such law. if Congress do not disapprove law teUt
I weaken. the security of those who hold the bonds and guaran- of Florida' i is null and \oid. or State of Florida should pass, in violation of vested rights, under '! nature of a crmtract it is against the principles( o Fee &

ties created by the hypothecations or mortgages: given in conformity _- .- the Union Bank charter, would be against that provision of the Con. stitution to that the fact of erection into a Sat G
; to the acts incorporating the banks whose capital has CASK: ST A'j'ED. stitution of the United States, and which is equally in the act instituting -'J meat, or that any prti\isions of its Constitution, or
been raised the credit of the Nor will the legally the Territorial Government ; and, in my judgment, would be |I can such a law. '
on Territory. Legislature abrogate .
O. the 12th February, 1833, the IrgiMalure of the Territory of 4
null and void and oulJ be the of
w adjudged courts
so by justice |1
the several submitted: if
vested rights of the creditors, other than the holders of the Florida granted a charter of incorporation: to the Union Bank of [Signed] JAMBS KENT. Upon ( questions to cie, my opinion
j! follows ;
bonds &iguarantiesor the responsibilities of the debtors of those Florida( a copy whereof i is herewith submitted. The attention of : ;
New York 25th 1834..
1st. Under the of and amend
institutions, be in any wise disturb dor the "obligation of con Chanoellor KENT is asked to the 10th, llth t 12th and 1 3lh sections I acts Congress its subsequent
them Pretension claimed of the charter and his >iitoi is the: I II ; organizing the Territory of Florida, the legislative power ofFbl
tracts" in regard to impaired. ::; as ; o; requested' upon following
I extends the creation of a Bank. This is one of the
and which nevnr have been vested : points : I r
illegally usurped
right, may I An act for the establishment of a Territorial Government of Florida -I jects legislation. According to the of onr .
1st. Whether under the of princple
and which act Congress;:;, and its subsequent
be repudiated ; alleged contracts create no obliga- amendment the I'I passed (lie 30th March 1822, and the amending act passed 3rd Federal as 'cl as State, the creation ofall
organizing Territory of Florida, the 1 legislative crrtin
tion either legal or moral, may be placed upon their proper and power of the Governor and Council extends to the creation o'f banks? I March 182, extend the Legislative power of the Governor and Leg.!j> longs t the Legislature, and that ( only. Suc&'

: true basis, without the commission of fraud! or injustice. 2d. Whether, after a sale of the Territorial bonds described in'j i islativo Council of the Territory, to "all tho rightful subjects uf Legislation j i| universal understanding when the Territory of Flora wa. ejd .

: The position has been assumed by the Counel whose opinions the sections referred to, it i is competent for Congress to repeal the I, ," declaring at the same time that no law shall be valid, which '! lished, and I am not aware that different understanding b U

were sought by the Union Bank, that the State of Florida, act of incorporation: and annul contracts made under it ? |I is inconsistent with the Constistution and laws of the United States, 'I prevailed here or in England. The fact that it has been I.

... when organized, will be responsible: for these bonds and guar- 3d. Whether, by hereafter becoming Mate, the Stato of Florida :, and that "the Governor shall, on or before the 1st December i in each within the power of the King to erect a corporation, does D
ties ; and though this question is not directly embraced in the can release herself from the obligations entered into as a Territory, I i I year, report all the laws which shall be made to the President of the '' that it is not an act of legislation. It may well be'
,t reference to the Committee, yet, as it is an important and interesting under provisions of the act in question 1OP1NIOS United States to bo laid before Congress, which, if disapproved of by stance of legislative power vte by the ( Ep
I topic to the public, and is in some degree conpected with !I Congress shall thenceforth be of no firce-no subsequent act of the Crown. The creation a corporation is ono oft -'

the subjects expressly referred to them, they will bestow I,,: Congress changes or modifies the subjects of this Legislative power, of the law making power. I makes a law, not only for the .=
few remarks its consideration. a : so as to affect the questions submitted to me, nor does any one that II of th corporate body, bt all the courts and people of die I
upon can find diminish extend the qualifications annexed to its exerciseby to respect its faculties. entertain on this point, and 1 Iegrdtb'! 1
It u apparent that the position rs' based entirely upon the assumption JAMES; KENT'S OPINION.: : these acts. By a proviso to the 6 section of the act of :March 1823 I. Williams M. the Bank of Michigan( fo bavelM I
; Which we have already contested, that the Territorial I have read and considered the preceding case and qucstions.The .- bills to tax the inhabitants of the Territory, or their property did not well decided, although I do not to -7 nmJ C

j.. corporation is a Government of the People of Florida. The I )" involve poi.jtn; of very grave consideration ; but I do not ap. except in certain cases become a law until they received the sanction I! hVWalworth. The authority ae Legtshtnre '

exercise by this corporation of the prerogatives of the' People prehend they are of very difficult solution. of Congress, but this proviso was repealed by ap act of 28th April i dia, to incorporate, is I think, plainer ta that of Mkbig I'I'i

4 of Florida-the infringement by it of the rights of the People I 1st. In answer to the first question, I nin of opinion, that the leg. 1828, which leaves the Legislative power of the Territory upon the t i and the incorporation of a Territorial is not, in any 5rt *

t of Florida-the attempt by it to net for aid: in the name of thepeople. i iflative power of the Governor and Legislative Council of the Territory footing above slated.i liar, inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the U. State**;

.of Florida, are USURPATIONS ; and according to ol Floiila, was competent to create tho Union Bank of Florida ;;i If a Territorial IKS not inconsistent with the Constitution and : 2d. It is in my opinion competent for Co. : a saba 4iTerritorial

the acknowledged principles: of national law, they can be of ; and that (the act of that Legislature. of the 12th February, 1833. laws of the United States, and its subject be one of rightful Legisla. I Bonds,described in the sclion ac rcfcrdtGpeal |"
no binding obligation. to incorporate the subscribers to the Union Bank of Florida," wasa tion, it is within the scope of the Legislative power of Florida, and is I the act of incorporation, and the Bak'wi then cease to p** !.
I. lawful and valid exercise of power.TlmnftnC I I a valid law, but even though it bo of this discription. it subject to the faculties of a Bank, in like had.beeu.ei*
TJie Convention which formed the Constitution for the State .. .. .. ('nnirrnca. if Ifllli :\f-iiv-li. ... .., 1 BOO: n.,1. ...h1h.: .... il.,. '1'... the of and if limited to continue the a farr 1W "*
-'--- .4JLIIII b L ;l- paramount authority Congress; they disapprove of it, it pressly during pleasure ,
: pr Florida, lately adopted by the people, after full discussion 1 I rilri : of : lridi; : instituted; I; ; thenceforth which shall have been &
ft government a Legislature, consisting of is of no force, in other wordsCongress may repeal all the act previously done under Bank & rand
solemnly decided this question. They possessed; full and injpontestible !!!the (Governor nnd Legislative Council, with general legislative JKJIC- enactments ofthc Territorial Legislature, and may repeal them at bonds which shall have been sold, will tb fbrcer* 1

p power to make such decision, and it is binding and ers, consistent with the Constitution and laws of the United Suites, any time, for there is no limitation of time to the exercise of this authority the payment of the bonds the faith of Territory will ctCk
valid. No.action, either of(his Council, or any future legisla- I and extending to al! rightful subjects of legislation." The same and it has been actually exercised after the lapse of several pledge. By the 16th section of act of Marcb,1823,

r fure Florida, or of Congress, ran revoke or niter it. It was grant of power was repeated in the act of Congress, of 3d :March, years, but these enactments are consistent with the laws and Con. I I this to be their sense of their own power,and of._9 *-
the sovereign will of the people, and to its mandate all must 1823, amending the former act. It is not to be questioned, thajt the stitution of the Union, such as a Legislature can rightfully pass,they feet of its exercise. That section annuls and make* toi*a fc**

bow. A future Convention, with the same sovereign authority, creation of a corporation is among the rightful subject* of legisla. are valid and effectual, until Congress disapprove of them, and from the Territory,authorizing the Governor to'.borrow a sum of n oey< .

i U alone cpmpetent to change it. The Constitution formed at tion ; and it is equally undeniable, that the Congress of the United that. time forward they are of no force. the credit of the Territory, with proruo,tb n loan aln3jr| .&*"*
: t Jesepni;contains the following provisions: States wns competent to institute a Government for the Territory of Upon general principles of law, I conceive the effect of such dis. or obtained under the law,shall be thereby.of JZTmlajttSWJ
Florida, and designate and appoint the persons: who were to exercise i| approbation to be, that no subsequent nets of the disapproved law are the section ia open to the remark already node,that t ejoxQG;
f'Thefencrn1! Assembly.shall, at its first session, have power to the powers of such a Government. The Constitution of the United valid, that all acts done under the law, before the disapproval are valid void a law, is the power reserved Congress by t *
JfTeguUle,-restrain and control all associations claiming to exercise! I States gives to Congress the power to make all needful rules and and continue so, from the time that Congress declare this .establishing the Territorial no Government of Florida, bet merely 1w

: corporate privileges the State, so as to guard, protect anti secure regulations respecting the territory belonging to tho United States;" I. disapprobation, and only from that time the law ceases to operate, approve, with the effect destroymjrjts force de9asferO& -:
t "the interests of the people of the Stato-"not violating vested rights. I and this necessarily implies the power to govern the inhabitants re. and further acts under it are without validity.It i proviso taken along with the enacting clause of this se
"pf impairing the obligation of contracts. -[Article on flanks.] siding upon the territory. For unless the Constitution, in this res. has happened undoubtedly in several acts of dis. the whole enactment consistent with the reserved power.ofew*

Pin orderthat no inconvenience may arise from the organization pcct, be taken in a large and liberal sense, the provision would be nu.gatory. approving Territorial statutes of Florida, such laws Cong may arrest a Territorial lay, but canoot! & '
T; rand ) of the State Government, it is declared gress. Cong
: I been disapproved, but in terms declared to be null I spec!ively f V **..__
J'Tbat'ali laws and parts qf laws, now in force, or which may be It settled uniform u construction- and- and de. but if -l annuk t. -, StateFlorida
is by practice, by every this language has the effec making those void ab 3. Upon hereafter becoming a cannot nb '
rb wsafter passed by the' Governor and Legislative Council of the of the U. States Government, that have the further lhan the entered into -
partment Congress powerto goes Congress by its authority can justly obligations .a a Territory, tbfl
'Territory of Florida, not repugnant to the provisions of this Const! erect Territorial Governments, and to vest, in proper organs. leg. must be interpreted to make rese"e void prospectively, g.I sions of the act in question. 1.' tc iritk

fluxion,shall continue i iii force, until by operation of their proviniens illative,executive, and judicial powers. They have done so, i.i res. they are consistent with the Constitution and laws of the holders of th Bank with,the purchasers othe !
f' limitatjons, the same shall cease to be in force, or, until the Gen' to tho Territories of Orleans Arkansas &c. nnd States allow Unit State a it WhichTnow.
them to
pect Michigan, ; to all the force of law up to the time of disappro- \\i ce duty respecting '
**Qral! Assembly of this State shall alter or repeal the same; and all they have reserved to themselves, the right and the power to review, bat ion. anl Constitution of the'United_ States wi )

ff rrftCf, actjqns,prosecutions, judgments, and contracts, shall: be, and control, and annul the acts of the Territorial Legislatures. This, in my opinion is true in both particulars of every law, which- I.I frm Terry its obligations, either by her Cit** .
T; "COD CUC, 'unimpaired, and njlprocegs which hue heretofore issued,or ".All admit" said Chief]uatico MARSHALL, [4 Wheaton, 422.] the Territorial legislature pass and 1 am !subsequent law. ( BOR (
: {which may be issued, prior to the last day of the frat session of the "the constitutionality of a Territorial Government." So late ng unable to entertain the opinion that Cong dipprve.Territory, what Philadelphia, Sige, :

PGfmeral' Awmby} 0f this State. shall be as valid: as if issued in the 1831, in the act of Congress for authorizing Territory of Flori. ever b its nature, is free from the qualification that Congress may dis. -. '..

.. **naracof thffSfaie; and nothing in this Constitution! shall impair the da to open a canal, it was expressly assumed, that the Governor and approve ort, and arrest or discontinue its existance as a law, whether OPINION OF PTERA., .

.'ob gation of contractor violate'vestcd rights, either! of individuals, Legislative Council Florida might lawfully create an incorporatedcompany it b nature of contract or otherwise, whether its object On the,!2th Feb.-1833 the Goveno. J."J..I

"or of associations, claiming exercise corporate privileges in this under its authority. This amounts to a legislative declara. bo to incorporate a bank or divide a county, and,whether acts have or the Territory of -a"ac1o'i: c
: 8 t 8cAe4: ] tion of Congress, thatthe Government of Florida was competent to have not been done under it, the power of disapprove ef scribers to 1be Union Bank of Fk>rida.w '- ,

It also cAn! *h11 other! general provisions in relation to bank- incorporate!! a bank. it, and theo to determine its force,Conp complete. and By this ;Ie'a Bank is established,.with.a.,capital'c I fJ"...

p 1 ingjaod other corp j'rations, restricting. .the'power of the legisla- The question has received a judicial determination. In the cane I and with privilege of increasing itto' 3WOQ00- ,'

Ji fo1ftbe;; Stale on.'those 'sqbjeds( and prescribing provisions of The State vs. The Orleans Navigation Company{[I\ Martin's By the act of 3d March 1807, Congress did disapprove of and. ers are appointed toreceivescriptioawsndwbefl3OI i '

jo;be'j jderte4 In! bank charter, which'are entirely. inconsistent La': Rep. 38, 809,] it wn .decided by,the Supreme Court of Louisi. terminate tho force and effect of I Territorial law \ 'to 'fn? 0100 each arsubcbte, povertor* tOIPPO '
ann, after profound/liscussion tbo Territorial Legislature,of corporate the bank ofDetrokThepowerotCongreiWgreaterjhabthat'qf wb' Bra to _
', and irrecoucilabje witji) provi&jopi be found in the acuincorDontiOff hulsl.tFe.i
the banks )It1 Orleontf! '(which acted under similar grant from.Congress) had corn.petent the.Territorial :Legislature (o for-this i is. ,subject,to ;1 ch leven.directors' } :
now ex the 'rpl .
Jng in TerfUoryr vTliepower power to grant a charter of incorporation to the Orleans Nay. the restraint contract by the law ofits a much a."that of &fiv9'annually a "_ -- -* ff 11O.lbr"D'
eaie d. to:::"the first legislature! of the State, under..the'fit1P' pro"e Ion Company. So the Court of Errors of New York adjudged !the.States is"byJhVFedaral$ Constitution! ,crn th&powoof Coogre&tis ". V

1:>>- cited, 'is plenn"1.tq" reqolrevof tHoBeincorpora-, unamraoiuly,In the 'casa of Williams,.vs. The Bank! of Michigan, reserved-without any IQc1Hirtato: *.TJia authority disapprove; ) : =. V VV Tli

: t1O$3COPfTIIiIty.t0alJ! the constitutional requisitions in regard [7 WendeJI, 539,] that the Government of'the Territory of Micbu. wit the.effect of Oe, ,: from, thenceforth" ,of {* 1**"J ** <**' V V

: tp,fJ banks" 4 /tobf creeled by., the State Irgilature.uriderpenalty. ) .. gan- under'the act Qf Congress. organizing tho Territory,.were au. no -, i a proviso, or qualification, annexed to every Territorial\ t principal\ interest, ao4% c V V V .,. >' -'.

_i. p _

.. ->.
-, S" .., .
.. 't .

.. "
- -- ..
c '
be fumi bed to the Bank, and ida by becoming a State, cannot relo herself (rom tho obligation. VOAL L'NCET.-A. wu priced lit : -- ,- -- =. ; '>". '',-;
&c. are to I I"ide I AUCTION' SALES.
G 'ernor,. hu
the ,
by entered as TerrItory under the of tbe ad. in "
(i order. It is directed that these b nds shan be provision. question. ek"tha oa lch -
. pa ban le to t DO proi8i n is made for th ir pa)1on't if tbe.iball 25t Au t 1834.' (Signed) P. ,A. JA y rl.ted. to.nOtfythe.cnd J, Cc!fDtll'we.a o, ,j BYIOWIN' W.- .OBSEY, .

.w by tbe fail to dlScba.rge them. The profits of the bank are to beto TaUahaB wm Le placo at 1-i' ,. Btt''J.. 'l', .; \t -. iit--."; ,- .

t boLh principa.l and urterest of tbese bonds-and afiertA1 OPINIO EL WEBSTER ESQ. Evoning. and wlich occuioi In additon10.tho ,MONDJ.Y..MORNING, thetnd March, '. ",,.S'- .t.
pay the Ter. man Snnet, m.ntoed_I \e rl eMIU \ ON 11 !c11JC1r. J will .11. in rroist or ml ucti : 'I'; -
hatf of the 8urplu, profits are t6 belong to 1. I know to ttm1'cgislative auth of. Florida M. ,
are aU paid, nothing precnt rity wi ling b1 apeclal nqaMt te foUo1in" o room, al.nera} awortmftn"'of Oroeeri..: .A', r', '
. from creating 1Bank.. Other Territories have created local corpora.tions new SonJ-"Oh gv me bc"11 heat Dpln, Reeli ed Whialcfl)1 m mmmtB .. < '

t 1" requested to answer the following questions: amend.eotJorganiziug and I do not know that the right bas been questioned. "Viul'Amour" "gCndola glidnr.: FrcDth Drbd1.P.ach A11CTI 1t. '. !
I or The of
.eenes youth: Bay .
Whether under the act ofCor-gress, and its sub..equent ofbe 2. I am of opinion tbat Congress has nn absolute power to repenlnny "The 'VidoI' needs Q' i BrandYiGini ,All]' jCo
1. lat\'e La.ent. 1 or
the Territory ef Florida, tho Jegi Dank.S. power. law of the Territory, whatever\rights may have accrued under recommendation to aleDdanee ur thol WiDU. or :111 kind, mml..loia .- ..o.-.i
111.. Governor and Council extends to the creation boods of descritwd a in the it, in the mean time. It is n reserve power, and its existence supposed who hue once he., the tOie., that ar to enrich Cordial SA 1.1. riA Y8Wea. el y&ft4'S t ., .

Whether after a sale of the Territorial tbead to he known to 011 who tAke grants under the rrerritorial Legislature. ti.pprforrac ; a d who hue not, mua V.ll1.1 ... .o.
for Cougn iS to repenl judgo {or Uemllvel .we giY them noluJequale .1 0-3 bb Jolea 20 boxlS Russor.lo, rla"nl bidder we4-
; belOW to'Uio'biftelt 011 is competeDt 3. I of that Dud contrncts mnd'e the
nnd 13 am opinion la\vfldly by
11 12 grants For terms of adminioo ide \
:If 10 made under it.S. bi.orthe Soap ; Blo Rope, &e. WILL Iii. 4th dayof MarcJrDet.r '
contracts ,
annul Territorial and will be
and Legislature, not repealed by Congress,
oCiocorporation. enning.
; n tate, .the State of Florida Feb 29 1 nluaLI.TRA CT OF LAND bown t1a. l iJ.Trlct. .
bccomiDg --
Whether by hereafter on Florida, when she becomes State. --- an.
Lhe Cit r TaUbuie. : Jherropertr
entered into as R Tcrritory, adjoinin< ,
,. release herself from the obligations (Signed) D. 'VE BSTER.22d DIED Marshal'.Sale.By of orthe late J.bu I. Ada.,CO.t iaiDr.
,. iisued out
' caD .ir ne of a writ of fieri ''ac ,
in questio ro
the iions of the act August 1834. Died on the Oth inRL or at .he hou.eof Court of the Middle Di8trict I ne hundred and abtyaem. T.r. ODe"
der prov td in 1822 for the esta 1is irg of a peupi y the Superior d, bowil oa ,"" or.

1. .rhe Act_ of Congrss. __ 14'pa, .JA_ Fnncts._ __. that the Lcll81ah'Oe. pow.ferritorial [Colonel Gamble ha'ing subsequently addressed Mr. 'Vebstcr 1lr.formorlv Jhn Myrick, Mr. hXE ESLIcK. aged 47 for Leon County, in which Henr, B. Copeland have isplainliff.nd i" e a m
'u A IV" -' n-n --n ur Norlh CaolinL Printer. in Peck. & Gr"ham derettdontl, I
vested Governmenl in a Governor and Legislative Council, that'thevb111 again on the subject, he replied as follows-] ''Nort c il ". il-pl ; ;o-py i; 'ab ; :-:-- ---I levied upon and .h\l1 roll at Public A"e ion. on i 31 R. J.IIACJtLEYAulio lL -' .
be Feb. _
S. '
> ,thall to alter or repent the laws then in force, and tb tbeir Boston, Aug. 29, 1834. in this city, on thc 24th insant,J"II Saturday the 28tb Jay of luch, in fronl of the

bave power shoJI also cxtend to all the rightful 8ubjecLtg Dear Sir-I bave received Col. Gamble's letter. with your post.script. WIN, younge.t son or Thomn. Tiinghut E.q., Court House door in rraJlahltlsee: rin le alhour. I Town Propert, Cor Bale 01' 'Be .

:: Legislative powers also directs that nlllaw made by the Counci1shaU.reported The question proposed to me was-Whether after the sale aged 14 month.. ., SIXTEEN BAGS OF CQTTON. -, and 20, SALE or RENT. Lo. Nllm"r II I tH-
lalion. SEGARS. \M Boa.theron.
{ and if of by Con ress of tbe Honds had the to repeal the Charter. Thutqueslion 000 FLORIDA Plo
disapproved Congress power Boid tho ofaaid
annually to Congress NOTICE. Leviod upon and to be ILS pro rty t R J HACnuJIQ
;4 force, similar provisions nre made contain.a IIUlswered in the affirmative. I am still clearly of the 'V dcfendJnt, tu uti.fJ la d writ accnrdin, to Apply -
tMnuJorth no ED I N 'V. D 0 R S E Y 7. 1840 2:1 \
have th former, passed in 1823. iame opinion. If this were not so, the Territorial Legi lature might lav.. SA t'l. .11. DUVAL; l\Iar"b ai, .

, in aD act to amend act passed THE :nb9Criber ofrefJI at priute
And 'd v b}' the people, instead of being oppoillted as before, by the grantees and purchasers, before Congress could exercise its right of I HA V City G bc..n of appointed AUCTIONEER nnd County of Le.on. for. Mnrshall' SaleBy Traeta of Land on a credlt'orti"luff.'d:

. ... __.J .Qan....'.,.. repeal."There i ito rCllpectfuly tende"TalahUlcc" to hi. friond"alld virtue of a writ o(fieri" ra< iu, iuud out LIL No.2. S iD trac.S 31 T It 7 1.W
, den\lUlU that the Legislative power in thp. Territor}' offIorida is no hmitation on the pOteCT of Congress, eilher in respect public.lning Ibs Sup ii.j" C..ur 01 the M idtll. Di.. Lot No. I 36 0

Hence it vested appears in the Go'crnor nnd Council and that it cxtcnds toJIri8Atful time, or as founded on interests created in third parties. But if I t. had 13ny ye3r! opcrienrc in the :UC. trict for LJon County, in whit.h )[urry and iE, Ej NWJ ok E! aWf 4 6 IfSWJ H.Ej .

I The creation of a corporation is had been asked, \Vhether Congress could csercise tbit right con.sistently Ia'ineJ". he ftels aslJed Iha: "lle. Lannan ar pbiutitrl, lu al Tltomu Tillinghl.lltI s. SWt. 15 6 r 11 .
It of Legi81alion. and phallaell atl'uMic H
lubjec 10 charge, (either public or private,) beI I iJl d.fendant, 1 huo leyied upon Wj NWf
bjcct of Legislation, nd the in orporation of a Banking with propriety and 'good faith, in n case marked by 110 to th ir elltiro uti"faction. wi Au lioll, 1111 S.1turday, tho 28th da, of NWf 11 G It.SE .

.rigbtfull s much so as the lIICrporatlon of a company of ony frauds, I should entirely agree ",ith Chancellor Kent. I efl'ctpd 8. March, in frunt of the CeurL HOLl e cfoor in Tall.. !. 3G 1 lekSS '.

I Company, IS of school hb &c. I therefore think that I I admit that many mornl restraints would lie on ConStress in such 2, the I.O.r on whlh tbe lIid d rendant now SI J <
other descriptIon,.or n a ary PHI" ATE SALE.I r .jdell, adjoining'tho roity or T llahusee, with all S II NW! n 1 G.EA

Qfthe Governor and Councll, docs extend to the creation I n case, but I still think the legal power does exist.I AVE recciycd on uon.itnm\'MI. alld wi.eU. Ih..._ .'MPJH'VF._.. .." _...I"_" .NTS__ th_nn rton__ NEj Ie E" SEI 1 2 lit
the power have on another occasion, been of opmion that one of these 30.000 feet fr"t qu.lily oorin ; Levied uJion aiuf to be flolJ aa tho propt"rty Ifui.1 1:1 NEi & E} SE1 ItJ 4F. -
bank. .
01'. ofincorpor8tion having been pnssed February 1833. Territonal gran18, under the peculiar circumstances attending it, 5.00 du dcfcn'd. 1\lt, to satilfy nid 'rit according toIa.y. NEJ & EI SE! 1:1'

2.,The act been submitted to Congross, and that it has not been might be repealed, evcn after the Territory had become a Statc, and .1 3-4 weatherbomiIZ: ; S, l'L. 11. nuv AL, Maflh:1l.f WI N"N aWf Jc .rj SEf 7 t 6W

I presume it hl\5 was restrained from bringing forward ftuch an act of repenl, in Con.gress 10,00 '1 "rantling; 27 31 Dy Misoi. WALau D. M.Marahals' I. WI NEJ & "1 SE! J8 t 6 .

disapproved.If contracts. are now made undcrit; and if it shull hereafter be on. only by general considerations of propriety. It was the case 10,00 I I. jlice til.;IIld plae!; Sale.By NI WI&SW WI! S. S.ction 10 15 T lor.B'I SfEEI
The ofCon"eiS of the of Canal in Louisiana with a perpetual SE Soation T 1 It 7 SR..J.
tbese contracts will not be thereby ,'ncated. a st'n1 grant a Corporation eak. lime ; ,'irlue of a writ of attachmeut, i..utd hut... 9

lulled is not requisite to the passing of a law. The olily po\\"er Chuter, an exclusive pri'ilege, and most enormolls tolls. I cannot 10 bl. pirlcd c d.l"eb2 the SUVfrior CourL of tho l\Iid11e Di.trict. HACJtL&Y "

reserved is to disapprove it, and the consequence If their therefore Qualifv mv opinion as to the leltal power of Congress.If 39 EUWI: W. nORSIY. fur Lcon County, in which R. B. Forb,11 i_ p1aintiffnd LA .A

they have that, it is t1unciforth to ha'c no force, so that unti1lllpProved a que tion-were proposed to me, to clling the prepriety, or the ---------NOTICE.Pre.emptin -- William E.-Willoy is defendant, I hue levied

dlllppro'al is, of\'alid law of such interference by Congres unless in n case of Ju upon nn-t .hanlellat Public Audiol1, on Saturday, II' .
made in probability any of 1838
contracts pursuance
,it is binding: lal cl the 28"h dty of Marc:'. in front r the CoarL Houle
dissolved by IL sub.'Jequent repeal of Ih 1t law, even though ariPt great enormity I should entirely concur in answering it in the views on 21t June, 1840.NOTICE door in Tallahalllce, &urini logal hour., THREE .
are pot iJl. eJ ( I U am.
of Chancellor Kent.h .
it is reserved in the law itself.Whetber is hreby given to ni hain UORSES.
to repeal at Iln) time hereafter repeal the oct of in. would gn'e ni ,'cry great pleasure to be u eful to Cot Gamble, to the bllcft or ac puuns I; Levied upon and to b. lo1d as the rro tl of'K3id .i.l1CTIOWEEB ,

Congress may which perhapil is 110t free from doubt, I in. with whose char\ctp.r I am not altogether unacquainted; Rnd if it i al'proved 'd June, 1838. entiLed! "An act to d.frmd:1nt, to nti.f, .id writ accordinr tolaw. Port Leon, F1a.

( corporation is a question tut cannot annul contracts would be useful to him. I would give the following nnswer to the se.cond grant pre.emption rights l seHlers on tlGpubliChmd. SAM'L. U. DUVAL. .Marahal.. SALES DAY-.Em-y Smwc14J.
\ cline to the opinioll that tl.ley can, they .." that the I rl avilinr (. il feb rt 31 y MIsol. W"un. lit. I,
question10m :- by limitation on 2bt June S 1ed,
under it.I epire ----
I I IDIdc of Florida cannot rclea8e themselves from the obli.gation of opinion, that ;ficr the sate of the bonds, and tbe silence ofuCongresa ncxl benett.prior wi to which period, every perlon haing : Marsllal's Sale.By I DAY MARE. ab ut foor 1"" otd.

3. 'Ole people madc through 'th ngenc) of represcntal,'es duly for a cssion nfrer the paRsage of the law was made known : is rCIluclted.tu.. prove and mako "II0ort I. virtue of a writ or fieri racill, ill.ued Ollt flho A1K.ohbe hiD dreet are.potted _JtJtw.ileacd

,, of contracts 1ne\' form of Go"ernment.or "to it, Congress cannot, consishmtly with good faith and propriety, for the nme Superior Court Qf tbe Middle District, a "nite .poL on the len DCMt.liJ. She a'p
i .ut"orise for that puqtose, by adoptlOg for or enormity'"ill Notice il nlo givcn, thlt id CGIC."here put. fltr Len, Cotllnty, in wl eh the .Administr.tor. ofS ccr. She Ji .uppesed to k oaL about Micoon.kie. .
thir. the
iI of the Union. The "repeal some great extravagance
I by consenting to hecome onc of the States granls except lie lands "ha\be ofered aL nuction, a" any aOl'Il\I Hill areplair.tift".and John Eb rn ill de. Any pef'on who wffi take l1erop anel'&ditt

original States, when they declared themselves indepeudcut, did tbe act itself or some abuse of it by thc corporators. prior to : d June. 1840. every pre.emptioncailA fcnriant, I hue '4vied upnn .nd "hall "cll. at public i the Sub.criber,tbrouch Ibe TaUaba..ets Post.o eeIh

teen absoh'e thpmselves from Ihe duty ofpaymg the debts, and (Si ned) DANIEL WEBSTER.J.s. tG uch bod" 10" Iroved and paid lor before 8l\Cliflll. on TLH'sd"y. Mareb 24 h, 18.m.n; fr'nt "f \11 he re..ooabl. rewarded nd CharrN paiL.

notthereby ohliations they had contracted "hile coIOlil's. Flor.fW' G. } :w, E q. Sew York. frst day of.ucl auttiol ule, i, "y Ii W, 101.FEITiD. I the cOlJr.'r.u30! llo'r -albh:1s e._dl1ri g !,; I IhOlr (029 3t 31 JOHN AlOODY.NOTICE. .

nl'rrf'lrmin.-...--.! the __ _. r' __h'._ __ ____ _u 0:1 ,: 4 d lYe L"lS No. 42 Jnd 46, In the orilinil1 .
.I i -- ---------- ---' -- -- -- -- .
= 01 while malo twenty and But ill all Clca"crt prc-mption caim is t"Ilnd r'a..1' or Iho city or 'fa1Ioth3nl"e. with all tbei'1rovcments
I Lewct'n
DR. I nRY AX. Dentist. 1 ni pol. tne .\
Notice.Tur. of which be re.'ccind In:1Dner or n. are cautioned gaiuot
tho foL tbe
i towlehip Khal thercon. Leyied as -
: tJ onc ; Ilat. ulon proerty ALL
b'ks :lnd JceClllllls of ASIJI. (.umLo the of St/rgeon : yea. IQlar u after the (or (1 N OTZ o II UD.ma4le b, lite tf -
(.llcrbr Socety nCltsts 01 free m.1e negrorK or mulatoc", bet".t"pr. at 1llrid Llnd Ofu of nid defendant. and to be lold to 8.ltiryuid :
J'RAB'fr & lI w.:8. .rc in tli" l.andlH.f o (Irk. al the l Thomas E. TorD..t; ror Four Hundred Dolla, u'.n
) I the ofhe "f June nexl,
: And : a\owed tt"one a.el"or.1in to lawAlrL
1 beJ.llt )I 1.1: tw..nly.ono ffty earl .um wr.t,
A. rH IIlrril', fur colt'ctio.l. All ncroullt. will .ett Itq1intl J.die adI le ; ) year from "lIe 5t Vflle ( pIalat H. DUVAL, MUlhal, determiued no10 pal it, until I t a dear

illIlIil; if n.t utll.d! : ', RESPECTrUU.y" ." le that: afuI i ilbsence I Onl"rwccn Ihe agr orf en and fny the Land wlths wlich tl mle gooJ !1i.caim f" 20 30 By MJ o" WALDar D. At.ltIarsbal's "itle to tbe land ror wbicb tho Dote ... ,ino lla._

9 30 FRANK JlA \'JS.fallted I
n Situation as ooJkceper, (wilh tho intrltion of 1111'11)' r"newing vi"itt) hoII (r mcnlli idirmil.v or Imlclion. thc tn.Ic'ndn atction u" alY IIDe w; n n lucb yea. from Sale. Feb. I. tf AU'TJN M Tl"UX.. '

Pf.RSO filII)NlIlpctcntln lake chare of and ofer hi! Icn'ic.! ('I'p lrlrent "fUel. : lt I ay rrlt'asp from taxation: date of fllg llo lU\\lhip vIal lhe pre.em. yirtne of writ or IUacllmC'nt, issued out of Exe utor'8 Not1.e. :
A Un ("ur ple8lur.cariage, the sum off.c tion must and paid pi By of the Middlt' rli trict ofFiorida.
"flk'and whe ,'oud! also make himl'df tiltry.Vrry 11 "hlrl caim .ron'eJ Superior Court
.et ind.loted Ebtnuu Fol.oII i ota
i1! beFOIFElt
Tecth thoRoot. Qf uch ule, w LL
day olhuwi.e .11 f.rl'ons
lIupcr""r i which E. D. lark i9pl..inliff.
lc"IIILII. utrcr \1r.\VN.II.. 'VUTT. I'lcorrplib'e se 1 dolu. frt for l.eon County. in
.ofulill .
LElIWITII.r.laha"'ee. or on t"Jl "I.i':' ,nlnle 01' rarlidl "eis of 01 al b. irs and lwo : carage ro.le IInd Wil\iall1 Cannon il d flndl1nt. I han JelTt."rpon C.ountl, dcceued. u. herehT requirod
Mr. ICII.. Jan, H. 1')40. 2j 'crt1; t.r 0' A :EW .'SD CSERIIG PI CI. ; :%11 fuk! ::!, tbe 111 ofl"o .,,Har!and fflY cellt"; < hing ailrn where rcay in fling pre.cmption .. levird upon. Jnd ,han .eU at Public Auction. onTIII..hv 10 nlake lnrrediale p.yrt.en.t tho hid t.llae d 811bMriber ae. bin
and all
.nd On'ry ., vi h1n the cO olimil prouf" alld completing payment in frunt or the persona
--- --- -- --- -. --- -- --- wnr'll.r I : II.a.t : tho... d (f Mareh next.
-- ---
-- --
I ST .l\U"'I{ Tech
fu"ltCribl'r notifirs ftll thFe, i.' :,1(1 to !I nErE:" ClItcv.: r. }' (! KI'rrI& \ "hlion j':d\'crtibd to "land: "1"1 law. it is therplore Iprraly recommender on said d.y, tb notcd nec horsc STINGA.REE. demands within lIto tim. pretteribe4. It"'k, to

TilE : will he conllllencr.d ,.n all 1l01p." l\ub"J'. n. lr'klfJ. E"q., L JTh"lp lnrq On f.very .live cxhioilc,1 by : vnler \i.hin t ,ecnrpol' 10 c'ury, cbimant. dcsirous avoleing pO'Hi. J cvied upon as the proprrty or uid de.fendlIIt. William ud.I, E'quir", JonticcIl MOQRE. .

"r ,ccoullt", Wliidl lr. I'tft"rrtd to remain Thol. : '!c limit."fthe uid CI: )' fr !le. thc :111 of b.lily. of los. to come [unurd and elabl" the LndOfcers : .nd to bl" .old to eatillfv laid writ HARDY Q.aaliled EMftJor. ;

h IIf hr liest, without r'lIpcct tl per Iudi..t.1, IJer"1")11 o\n hOI"cI. j: I"rec '" !, TO OFCIDE me iS CLS: within "he SIOIT.IST to law. A 1UEL lJ. DUVAL, Mar.hal.f. d Feb. 1840--30 8_
lIOn : it Pusnns' HOTEl.. !i FCI'. S. AII.f be itrurh rordained.T I l on cyeryIthcalrical 10SSIBI. 1IIIOO aner .ceing Ihi nolice. This 22 30Dy C. .UtTCUU, D. M. Monticel:",

I..OCKf.rDI.\N.. fc 2! 30 I II exllihlOI: tlere "hal o ;llcs
'all. .lnn 2;. I I II I cuJc.t"d e ta of f\'e duHJr flr ueb cxhibition; entire uncertinty Q to thu timc whea the Iubic14nds LIST OF LETTERSRE.1 ml pTant3lion :1buut three mon.a.siuw.
----- -- ---- ---- aud amI i iI on I very circus Ir t'que.trian nlibition or Uay be proclaimed. FROM nor-Sf 1\1ULE-no ntic.u.Ilr .
S'l'UA"'ED.FRO 1' my fricll acqlainantalccs "r S \INl G in tho Po.t.Offico in TALu- B.Y ,
I lhe slahle orthe Sub rriher arut th" l>ublic oj Florida, vh may require "how.tionundcr a U X lhe twenty.lvc_dolla thl!fut of the WI1TCOM, 1840.Commislione.GuuAr. '31 EE, 011 the ht day "f Februuy, 1S10 iIf mark. ooly tho .ign of Ibe C.r. lie 0811"ad

t'lf'tnuary. .I.nliEn} : \2U} 1:. I tlc ; l>llaly .r of: nllunl -_ _u JUD OFICE ___ __ _. ___ not lake" out wilhin three months, tlaey wiu be been worked aboul two ,weeh. Anl iufarDM1 en

I elill., ba.k! AI.II' 1.; .r 16 "t'D"" old. A Ilber.1Irewud D N'rAL OPEIATIOXS. lax,a l'ruvidec in furlher Ibe .1 ordained fcetion, tli.. odin3lce.Set. thi. fdinll : BruDnvlck and Florida Line. .en" to the Genera1 p.osl-Office all dea4 leU.n.Arehcr w.JI. .lae irad y ceiyed, libFtaJ.JesanilVen. .
1 :INU I.., rtntinl indillo iil'l1l c Addrcu a leUt.'T to SMans.
1\1 le I'aid' f'Ir the drlivrry or &id mulcur 1I\cltr(1 EV Ln.hCol J mn .
thc day l\1r
from Fiurida an.i myIrcli"e. e F Hll he in force frm and afcr fr.t I Feb2t 30 "ILILW LU. I1.P.,
information \\"hee .he hcd. TholA1exander
anI cn: bc to. I IhiK Irthod of ndrc"flocn.lint fIr ,'P1 nrxl, nnd al lawN alld pInts If la\l. cou. AlIl\in. Monsieur Lang.
intro.lucn :
,. P. SlrrJl, tltt'DR. E. nRY A ;N.w :ctmg wllh the ns or Ihis ordmalre, bc, '. ', CapL T L Lane, EbennerAllen. rr1ac aDd clods..
: f'nt ; pro\ii .
F..h. 2d. I Pl1nll"r. lI"td. ; .6"" RoM G 2 Laneastlr, J B
- .- ------- ..)rk ('il ', 1 the Iatrun'ge If l'I)' ( tlc samc are hcb rrp63let.I'al rt FOR CASH.-Ju.t tect, '. .11
Ur. n. to 1, ed in il Fcb. 19. LEA YES T EE FOR Alennder is"V_ CHEAP
"j Clun
OTJ E. l.ang
j"r"olltl indtcd: t.) thc ,"b r'ritll'rs, will : II. fr.J to gu'" I' ali.f.\rlioa i. l11e rre. A TIOMI'SUN. .lutcnJml.ttJ. : '.(lay) Tueday, lridy Alexander, Cart Lovcll, C S or firt't-nto I I"l Crr a IIJanUfactDreci'D.l

ALt thc'\ill.IIf', "' tu cillulldlie ih ,"mf'. i..t'. 'Ifhi'lrllIulal Uliu as ary )I'.r .)n tb"," \ AllY, A ST. JOEPI.JlondyTl .. D_ .____ 0_____' Newart, N. J., .l1d rur Bait' at tbe boqH (or.merly .

IflU till'ell.I.f .r..11 ni" .lid 11010-:0 wi'tlc 1IIccin I.t'I.:. h'c CIIC undl'r.y ub'.cn'fti"l, rdR--I ;, ;sddy rday.UAVES \yerittCo! JCI e i McRaney.IDI"'I' OilUJUCIBreedlovC" 0Brookrr. occuped by G. 'V. Grant a (.onito,
Middle S A
the han.. flfAn IIIl'Irnf'fnr r.oll..cti..n. Icil irim, 1 Dirtrit nf tht Floridi1d office.
\ lIAM ClOS: opptlite
court, TALLAHASS E SWICK, .John 1\2uon, fltore.
t \ dlj LCn puprrior I"I"v" FOR BIU VLIrF.
( : IIL\IAN & n.o\LL. r itt
__._ 81 c.t1 CI and May., R J iBund. Febt 30 .
Rhinrheck. t. Dc 24t \ViHam AGle.t, admr. pring IIm. 1840. Sunday, Tuesday Frday.Passgo B1""CUI, lIenry
For Sale or neill, Ii : (__)- -- thc By to Willi. R Jay', IIurhank
al lins\I&r t nUachmellAfd3.g'ld'lll Ind t'ue; TIhthUleo nrun. 2 Uitchell. J Strayed,
"tlIIlIllUtli"u htllnd JlOTF.I. S
a i A ORDINJ\NCI \'it fled for $I wick. 8n: 00 Capt RO TaJlabusee, on th. 19tb ins at, '"Itk.addle
: \: by' cfoCIufIen'J Mficldleton, C1 CBrook"
a'rhe I'ub criher. .l'usc ct"nllyO'cul'i"d if.1I ',." im. i To aTcnrl c scrcral orlinanrrs 10 rai.c ai ,(Iar r 1 32 6 ( Ica not incuded,) 1.II.lhI.60 to Ch3ltahnuhec Baker, Rut J P it 1\2urgao. Rland. F a SORREL l\U .J.eut 15 Land
i ,
: : inler1 r ill
I N 11efellda.t, and :1 othcr 50 two hini feet and on. fore tou& hite;
ptc1'hp. Moor, J RBestwick. high,
If lhf' ullde I'ignt"d.or in City of 1 uid
o\rlly rc 'cnuc .
L :
i tlc 1 cFlt'r. lre nollell or illitilulinnI Pa !8ge and FaP. Clnlhoorhc lD loa, 5 0 llu.Jray.l\1r SOaldwin.H tho faco. and wbite on Ibe If;lon .aided. u.lair.
to Wm.M'taughl.F"b.8. I. Be i" ordainl.d hy the nt and Rnd art' required I" .. 101.. SI. J A IbeOclockony.
Slc. Intenra tf II" abvl' Huit. hy alaehncnt; to JOJcph. 0 2 McCIJ.Y SLe i. auppoted to Ilue loneJowaJ'
F. Gf.Rr\IH:1. C.n'ci, of tl.c. Cily of TIII I"asl e, I Ire.hJt I 10 apper and Vlea.d tu the decualioll fled in lai.d I I II HI. Jo t"ph to Mobile, O 0 D M Mumford, WmBakcr. A .uitAblo rcward win .-Jivtn to

For Sale, \ & a tx Ilvied nnd (1lccte'd on the fPIOWin." ""it according to the slaute furh rUe lauold The "Chamliol" $"Kinstun" bolh in the .srfloK, F.John W Maner. CapL 'Vm 11nrown any person 1\"fiO relurDI saM .mar to. ,my floale,
I U.\ROU H wilh ald poperty ill the Corlr1tiolt or dl; R. W. the frolO St. J'leh'" tu "nlJalrlll.eIt.Yeb2 .
An.\XDSO :': I.IGIIT occupati"1 rrOidcd. WITf orer. mlintain 1110 1.> 1\1 C l\lDS!, Samt R'olJinll or to
comrlcte r"r t WI hor".., ily I'! City. nallwyOn ) Tall ha5ee. Feh. n, l O. 30. Al'y. PI'f. bil. The 'I.Roy." also newlv fttd lp.. run: Thos G 1\2uooll, JOleph 30 tf ELIJAH. JOIINSONh.- .
rnrll.elln.reb.lI.V) UGHT. mcrchant. and a.ho k."ptrl vendin good" ula.A
\1"NA : : ,,7- rtgualy betweel Chatahoolhe B l\IQPflOIi. ACoffin.
\lrCI Dld 11 rchandlc. In tl trlforate limit of NOTICE. 1i.e of ,. iNto bo e tiblished bl ween St. Clark, Elijah W Morg n, P In .Justice'. Court.Denni. .
Admlni trnf1)r'8 Notice.AU. I the said dly.ho 1\'li c cflt I,1 or .tlwk ill & LL persona indoLt.d to thc utt.or JAME.JUIt'ph Al'abehicola. '; J John lcleland. JCollinll. Shea In ATT.lCDKCft1'1. "
prrllllM iudeM..d to Ih. esa.le vf AAllo lelthah a } HRASCU. dereued, r ted to make HOPKINS nmady. .
)2Utd i. lve lhoullud dola8. tx :IIU.lally ae fuc &SrOCKTON.f 'rhoQ\u Nuuan, Mr. 1 \VCarler. nm\lun I Q.n.oo.'V .
IITCIITT. c1ectlled. are rClllle ttd 10 IOskel"nlf'JIJt of fncpn colrs. And on all thllll who.o av.erqc imm..diate Faymenl. Thule having demand. a. b 25 $1 Prplietor". Nowlin S J 1 II'.aID '1"11''11 ey.A .

.lVm. nt., "ud tllf'5e laavill" rlaiml. a. 1 tpitll Jt'lk I tr d.. ia fv Ihollallldfa ains" IRid l'reient th.m. duly Itr t., Cox Hannah. Peggy Ne.I, D ACampbell. LL peraon., intlltI.ted ar. hereLy nOtIfied ot.til
'IIIIFtl.le Ca.tilt.. wlll prt't''nt Ihl nl for atJuitmellt. alldIIWiiI... ni onnull tn ( thity for payment. JOHN BRANCH. ''erriory 0'Floridn.Huntillgt. Owen. J ACarr. the abovo auiby aUachmeDit .-. QG ..orJllllice

-1 1..-8. JOHN C. l\IUNFOHU. Ex'r. .. The arrr Im."nlof tho !id orI ."ub.H. -Admilltrator.---- .", f31Y &Elwc! Superior for Court. Wm. A Johll Oakland. JCabell. Sibley'.court. returnable 6n the third Saturdaj -

}.dmlnistraton'. Notice. I, flork "in__Irade.. .. to.le ucutaillld li..e i. .unlied, Iho onth for.. of il,thn"" -- Notce.I I Henry Outlc r tr V'l.J3me.Idrirh.. t .Loon County.. EC Yr !L..M 1I 5.:10 EClarkJamC'I in lUardt Uta nut faw i direct...and are n. uired0- appear'.cDnJSlS .-
.16" -- ---- and
Uakfort, plead
I.L,I.rl'nll indl.lJterl to the ella" 01 .'1 ILL' \ w .V Ihc tenant in melchant. &c., tradin under \ In al1aclHoeut. N D CCady
II'II..J lud to b folowil a a :
1 HL.IE dp.ccasct. }.te of Lron cuunty. art .om"lhc Judiri:1 I.f'cr. ( fled common Lanll: : Armillad, deeaMed.olle.half the 6rm ur Butlor & Aldrich, } Capt A Preble, L w P ill '
req"e ted to mike mmpdilo! and Ihosf. in the ofce of TruIurer.On if within the Ter. Creed C '.r Putnam. J G !, 18-(0.
tlll'II\t''I1 i inn kvpcr, the f each. which I wil i.llow for CIh ap.pli 'In 11l derendants nrot rrlliding' .
hlting claima 'vuy hOle or FRl < ftyI within Elli. E Pre"illl, R
.gl1illt.tth. will.rc".nt. d to sooo. at Dull'" "nvt"r. Talahucte. JL rilory, alld 100" havin on attorney Drake.
r IdjUltUltllt. SUSAN UL\KIAdm' I dot:,: or rating house. retailing '.8. lying on Black Crlck, opolite lIamp. to whom notic. of liking a dC'ro ition Davy, lenant ofW Carr.Pillanll,J CDunbar Simon TaJlor \\'AaUrDpait. 1ft.
F..b.8. lm.ul: LAK :. Adm'r. 01 e\'ry rCllaurat 200 open..d. i7CII, in cnnrormi"y George raltersod. A1esEdlon n.
in len than D, hil'., 10 IRI-I from T.laha""e. acres can he given. liOt lr. i. hereby Joh" Wi11iam E. Wil1eY9 t500 damJ".
-- I I .pirit\ouB Jquorll 4 from mad and pro'ided.lhttbe JOSi ih Partridlo.
lying adjoining Major 'Vor"", rilC 10 tho lltatute in .uch cuc .
MR. R. the Bum of one dolar CantlandeT. lion n Ru.sell,J SE"gli.h Illued Sept.191840.THE
I 'Villi. Amy.
150 IIf
I 1161IpCIICd. depJlliliun! m olbe" iatereat.d. art
ru: thOpM. retingi Talohauee. Daniel Lfreneb derendl.nt. and
PrOfell50r of Music.RESPICTFULLY 1 On al qUJ itiClel than : quat.tho lying I 1.2 mieK of Quillry.75 aUIl orent"d. \Vixen. and Ainl'lie, "ill be hken at the.. Wm F Y 4 Richardllon ltobbay 'VmFilzpatrick. : reb, notifiod of the institution qr a&i41 ..itbl
liqllor. el
'Iiritulul other Luuds Maxwcll. Florida Commil.lIioner. Sam
: i"r.rmll tho la it"" a.den. i or on. hundrEul dolorl; 1 donL wilh to .el I" rbenl any office or William H. Slt.IlJrd.ay Col R Richards, NFrunklin aUachmenr. and the, a.e Qired to-.apPur
tho .
"ur of hundred owned by me in Tertory. in the rity of New Y orkr un fiJed Aid cue, according -
and it. that one daclaralion ID
'icinity, tum th'1 Robertson, tn LAf1ctcher. and plead to tbe
I )It 'il'ocate\ h m..lf reflnncntly ill tI.i. r1aceOf \ 01, ncry dnU"rl hilud; I .'ebI5 2 4L llArCUSA.ARMlTF.\D. in A lriJ next, to "e read all evidence ill ,. C'Joseph RUtlt.Mr. Uti.her to t1e a1&tol83 in web cue m" ad pro.vided.

Ii ( lbo rUrP"" of :iYinr inltruclioll It" Iilit Piano Inl On eve ry tIl pin or bowln aUty.technicaly.oclld. SIGN AND cue arorenid. TIIOMA BA1.TZF.I.L.F. M rll E Read,F G"Ioutctrd J. D.' "TT. jt.e. .
i forLe. Rererel.ct'. ma, be ,een "lIe"ll&"ation.P the or dola'i CIEAP Pl'ff:5. Robinaon. CFiher.Gcor s. SIIU.E.Y. ,.
.UI fny fOI F
1 lno Furte. tUIICC and repaired. Music f.r \ trry drl1 car ufcd for lir. the sum of ORNAMENTAL PAINTING, GLAZING .b 25, 1840. 81 AIl'y Randan, l' fa u> 30 AtlDme1 oIPt'D .

"1e. _. _u tel d ola r,; I' .t._ nnd Paper langinK.Tn I StravedFaoM _IlIlIer.JJ. .r- .- D n""v 6fta, "1 .
Vrder.lelt It tlli.nflico "'ill be .trictl1 aU.nd'dJo. On every two horn wa oU ufoa lur frt E respectfuly inrmJs thn I. Gen. kyardl ncar Tall:111ac. t'redcrick, J'o. A niehardson, A M STAGE 'LINE: "t

or fftCt1 10Io'; lh".um underirned. of T&lAb mol lee vicinity, hoiJI'repHed I.ctiien. the 14th int. a ..molltOWN BAY Gorman, John t ltobcuon, MrGodly. From Columlnu, GtJ., t A laaicolAr.Fla..
d ror "ire.
j. 18 26Land O. nery horM"'agen uI : osecu in lhe neAelt manuer! any'' HOnSE COLT. two y"arll old.Vith a while Jltarin J M Ra"!',LGl1brailh Done POR oacJ1es.
!i of t wenly dolaf; above "ranrhe.. a" nd at pricet the facn, and a loug .w tch tail. A .uit.hle ro- 1\Ir Robin.on, Dr JGatlin Four "
fhort :
for Bent. ofp..ener.
.ale aDd for
for ur urriage ofhe. colt delivered to me WGeo
for .aid Robert.
On evry liro induce wantinr work done tl givl ward will be riven Thomas
.1 WJI.L leU 560 acre. oftir.L r.toe land.on' and .he.Im ff ffeen d"la"; him wil. toJe ordcr promptly aUcnrcd to.N. at Gon. C.U's brick.yarll. or for any informl.tion Henry I Sul. rry, HnryGuion.Copt Ms
balf Tf'rm. on. ,
a mileuOl1th Tallahalllee. Cuntry
good"art I oa. aGraham.
or and il. \V Sadbury,
, On Ccry"awker coion red preparcd, that may Ita.d t.t recorery.l"cb
RIb 40wn, balance in Ihr. annual in.tal.iM" hnndred anuum. II WEST. Wm AGutman
.qual IUIB of one pr o. RKE. 29 :n 8 ROBERT Cllpt A Starrctl.
with intere"t frnm Ihe datt", Meuted t'1 bond. o 8 mercbandi1e.te. 2 i" fcrthr ordlinrd, Tha lirelle.bal mixed (or UIU.9 tr ClA D3Vid StrcsMn Jt ria Flonnee Fort Gamu, B14blJ.'Portn'.
Feb 15
lraj'PproY"d 'curity' and mortlll' on the Irop.rt be obtained iu the cue enumeraLed in the Copar'nershp. f'ormed a c Hanrerftrd, Mrs MargretSuow, Capt EHI&Ucl and Br01CA'. Ferriu, ,Ga., cml"lttti. ,
huo tbi. day
I for ( .emi.annuaUy. that i to Fay NEW lUJLLINERY AND DRESSMAKING THE .ub.cihera tho John l' t Spear. SHawes ,-. ,
under name "
nut 100 at'N" or my rbntation une mile r.omIJ'ltllb one or the lid tn to b paid the f"1 at Por" von, J R Smith, JHoUand Ala. :
under fenee, I da of April, and tbe other moiety on th. EST ABLISHlENT. of Miller & Rowl to carr1 on tho STORAGE Dr Sber1rd JohaHawkin. 80 HOURS Sta,. tr..etJJ'C, 'lIa

JOHN P. DU VAL.D in &d eeryyer, and an, penonl underigned mo.l re.pectfu11 .. k COMMIS810N bu.inelfl.Th"y .. M Scott,JobnHlir ONLY .to N.. Or1nna ia> .pteadid CUehea, .
S 26 ofOcttber enrafinr er. in, or crrying on an of the. Ladie ffTaUahusee vicinity, Iha..he hue a IlUie .nd commodiou. warehoulle, Dr Chul..a Sattrrthwit, J BHilllnan.S on ft.1nel and 'Q (81 roacl .Iolr''he'baeD. of

, er fore uruitl or oupation., without fra uttlinlng hu ope led a houle in the lbove line, on Mon fur the .tor.,, "f merchant.lizfJ and cO"lon in'; and the ; ihine, AHawkins. tbe Chattab" oche River., ; 9 *>
'OTtCE. or Mr. Franci. and O} DEPARTtrnF
l the attention, promptneu DATa
for the ame, II and Itorel hope, bYl'rieL Wan Smith, Col RHopn.
, LL I'erl"n. iodebled 10 lhe E-tate or J&u. tille of & lir.nt tbe amount of tile tu uscled lthi. rC and atrret.MeMr.. Gorman Ual, wlure .he hpe., execution of onJer., to giY attillfaction lo ILU who' .John. A Sa1108, J LHud.oo From! un T ad'n aai rrid.lJS.

. 4 .rn POWELL der..elled, art requested 10 make doube &uch or puruit. tob from a atlid 0"l tu merit & entruat a to tbeill B..ri. AHeroronl 6 o'cluek.A. M. Jl. ,-, "
for oupation atention \ may Mra Sanh
demalld.I MILLER, the
iIfDledit. paymenl. An tho. haYin, I other and (orfeiture cui. ofpubliu patronage. EO. Monsieur Fron1 Cba\lahooeh",oa Am.tai&a
ae Simeon,
I I_ .L them, cSul1_ .lsted! I ment, to'oIOICnberl. .clected. bt a neerthelen toe for the nid.u tn. "bae Feb l 2 tf MRS. M. A. CI.ARKF. Reier to- H _. ,JOHN_ ._JiROWLF.S.II..._...__, ., Ham. Henry,CuI Turner. ThomesHendefllon time an.r_ tbe_ .amT. or.thoU._- _'&_ "Jlan_ .at_...t-fro.__
YIULtJ' I'UW L .nl ordained Th.t aU 1\leSlI'l.Bellon 'I.ner, Joan. Aullael ,... Jot'.aDQ m..unr"
\,. 3. And be it further I. ..11'0..L D S Teat.N ;
Eaecutrb.N.THANIEL St. made to the I Dow1iol, desiroua or oing rrorvCot.._
. Intendanl .nd eounter.aigned Berry SJotian Per'DD. ,
the appheton wi b 2 Toftli\so .
HAMLIN, cenle .101 be the lirned Trtuurer b1 and ,bafor any license \ NOTICE.-An County < tho Mach Leon, Feb. I, 1640 31TweDt Irwin, John J C 1\1 3 T dd. Henry Now Or1..a. wurfiDII.,Uaw b1. fuc npeat.
JOliN W. ADAMS, by W t. SW 1.4 S 1 Ran eS and molt. .ezpcdi\1ou.. reL b.vf t a '
. uor to
or 101 Term, lor B 5
'1Iirituotuli 2 Talor,
leaf .el W
to < C
. any retiilet Jack.oa,
.hn '8",0. 5t n EKecutoTi. hal.ilu. the prrnn .pp1yinr ro: l1ch lren\e of E, dfnling to the R.h.LP or Jalne Lwlon ) Dollan Reward.Q. J.mee WHli., Jas. II. 16Jurdin mo.t ..Y .1t 1 lftaCBrJlnawick .
7 qu.rt. d debt. Slib.criber on the I1tl"nfth.prr.ent Jobolo n4 ..l't4Irid&"Uat Cta 1ta1t ,
and tile
Benr. Inlo with vod aufcient deccued, to PlY tbo uns3ti.f TOLEN from 2 Wribt, DJullll'fn
II' enter 8 ,
R.I GREEN.Adin. MOUSE COL.OURED 'anl of b"ut 30 Itt.-t ct-tlmtqt
l, .hal Intendanl, P. ins"ant, & SMALL E J 4rcrkia. makln.
.. ONE handred an4 t..a11 aer.. or elured laDd to bo .pprovd b1lhe : A.Frb ld.'rho Henryl\1 CGlQ ."
fin TUn. trom "" ,
( .ee"rtv. ,in tbe 'Uln of hun.dred in rifht oJ hi. wife SUllnna HORSE MULE about 1ean 'VdIOB, Jobnlon.on tho whnl.route.
. S
c0f)4 r.ace and preparect or planlinf, or fellow ., It. .. '
wriuen. Nule WAI taken off' by & negr" Juacpb M laoo.. .t
.id 'WiUia1D
mil. norda eut ., T..I.b..o. For rur6r.reulall conditon. tberunl : Charle1 I ; <
dolar. nd William Rose, .1.11111' his m a.te HJobr.lOn for Ib. Prtprittft.;
Jr iDquirt W, Ujlhud T.U&bal orr. .b.U babner, shal i whoc.ll8 himaelf JoblOnCap\'A G WallenJ I "" WILt-11x eAJT.. .
retile go Cour. carriu'willi
n11 Superor Gelri1i A .
r or d.erderlycondwt Lon forDolng live. in Bullock Coianty Waulh Ueut
U. Wann on tb. rioto. H M
; Au '
'r.IP not "r allw or alI and Jospb hire himael! uwafoner. ChattabooeJae "Ja "" t8te.i 1d '
which Lu Robert Drry ior t"el, to Mrs L A. : ;-
I. hiflI. ,Vri'lht.
-t .-tl. 8. 4 .-in u.Borr11 pUll
1 a.4O. within prmill '159, ; CapL Jpseph
" bi order of "henU lradinr, & and b mintb.wagon and team F' ..

,.. P.l.BTlfEBIBIP. thiditurbane. rhe pra. rod t'l ed I. ,I.,:-. VWD___, ..._'.1I..II.." ay',. .u i '. .iei.rellow--- -. bat a Jobaltoo'-'I_ C \Vood IVnuam......__, -t I'. I .. _.. .1Ira.--.-.".t..-' .- -, .
. .. Feb.-15. r' Mi. E
18. R- Kinr; : .
have been cut hJ 1a,ri
.m'ico.P '
Jf.H. r !Cl8 4' LEVI HART .ntered ruth., TaI Lor turnlbl lC r out o .or bit ey"".appear. to Phi p"H' ,Wrilbt Z C iT. -
, ec.4 b E. Ilia Lhunab and Keith, Rnt It 15L01'ed cl V .nni"&n4 _. iaJ
Wit1. btl\w.e11 ) .C
., .tJ..llar', J84I, un. ,laU led and .0Uetd en llr, Wilam T.rm., with a ulr pd anothef hand ..0Lrecollect" .Ktitla, Cot A.n.WUtOD t
or H u&t the o14L.. CS i 'cnr1l Aprl 1.1.0 cut with blrc"wb.cb WimalDMl' d l'clinot":4er'tpoCuil"R'H .
r"\be ru CJt6. ro.O linl.r.
tIt. 4 ,'ill... .. WM. H. F8.ANClIi., atl,,.aner Ja tbe OD 6rt b. &a, Aprl .d' 1ld'-ad' THE'dof.ndanL and al in.titutio other. intere&ed. .are.uitb1 A"ft1 ptnon iakinl' "be._lei It''Cro anti ,,.Mr. t Wbitlo, L r"WI"nn J P' .:. 'W""ca .. AnLboM
.1t. tT LEYI HAR" r a folowinr Prpr1' or lid Mule, .ban nce ,. Lhe &bole reward. oraD do\ 8 With-'IlC" in b:1d t.ou.-_ .,.
-- On an DDimDrd Ile- lhe r8uir to apperd be.U1 'make 'or.TItO LOith'Jam.. .El "tJ'N .. 4 / .
ar tan for either. 1elio..d :W&lk.r, ---"to ,1.- :
"LOS' U1 Cir, 00 ceL.o lk.l.u1tu. aUnlnl.nt dlctaratlon fled il laid C" ,ac'crdt& .anSfi1l. ..E..F1orltlaJOHft"ISLER lA"ciC. ., & .. .\lA&
p N. W.ar4 (:
l'If. p1. lI"me, of M ;- "
ua.-'MftDt1cA1Jo cdwithiD JcflDil t t 1hi. ; < -, t in "d. and Coopt'.. ) .io'o'iI "- r'.f .
0" t.OJ ". pro Jl '
.tue e" .J.O. E4 r.J' ; 'Jalk ,
city. a Waek GoId. .4 Cue.: ,A IwtaW" O .1 impo't 10" of.fh or.oa impron.ment. oth. t CII.S. SIBLEY, r. 25:1n: : en I U .,, "... ,"..."... ,. :.,",v...JII'kk,'

If.S '!-mH' ..."II. -the". ..' 0IIca,1- 1(5L at:-du.11 a. L. .. Dodinrrtl' r. 30. 3m for PllinUf. F h j "
J. .
4 ttreoi' "J i-,_ _

., ,

r-- -

..... w_ r-

.. .

tG' 1. ._l ,, .. a

1 T CS: I. .PRO 1 ;-**m*-*--*----m,*- --*----- M-_----_?.. .- -
SIQl'JAL.t1 -- -
i 'B6OK" oJ !
.v Nod IV Jf uinauxff. TTHE si E _,W ) .i
e. .
( ,
JOHN P. Sloclieidtn ojtht Unltn Sank / ,florid. abtcriber Will continue the bosi-
: after by late trrivaf ( lie
Sntwccka date. 1 I.ahall COOl noith i large
apply to tho HOD- ., ort.
A 1.'r.. 'y flHE amendment at 'the S." W. Corner of
or LevI County t'rL w Y to the charter of Wafhingtoo menl of Drr Good,JOroc8rier aDd Hirdwtw
ter 4 Court for Let the Union Bank of Florida Square and Monroe Street, and k I
will bn having
tAdalnbtralioa on tt e estate of HCOH WILL practice the courla of Middle'and in force for complete I eon..Linr of .1 : -
deceased, late of said Rose Florida and Court of and after the 15th May nixr. assortment of the best of Linen-Paper, he i i. new Blue black 1
eount/. dance Appeil Rev I enabled] brown-greeD.mlxt and diab broad
An to manufacture Blank
Feb22, 1840 30 UAL"L. near Gen. BrownV. act to amend an act enliled aa act to incor- Book. of every dea.c cloths.

i a' _._ T. LINGO.SIX jaza; 9% 9K por.lo the .ublK'riber.- 10-- tire.-- Union- nn._ _1lA..1r_._ ,W..r .'Inpf. ._- !ption .uildJo for Danka.. -Pobli----(- 'OA._,... .M..p'.-.. Plain and fancy ribbrd casimers of all
:, 'r" N otJec. da.- chants and other, in single or sens color.
: complete ;; Bloc, black mixt
and col'd
sCarmack sattinctte.
weekafter 4at.. application will be made & fledicos A. Long, Sec. 1. Bo it enacted by the Governor* and Legis Deed Blank Record, and Docket ooh",-and all other 5 cases negro kersey

the lIon. the Judgo of Jefferson County ATTORNEYS AT LAW lative Council of the Territory of Florida, That if ed Book used by County Courts can beobtain. 3 bale plain and plaid linaevs.3l .

COllrt.for Letter* of Administration on the Estate any stockholder! who has heretofore or may here at short notice, ruled and bound in any style 1Va'L H ,.. IIIUDeI.:_ ---- ,
ana c&DIon -- I
el David Thompson dcc'd. late of Arkansas TALLAIIASSKE, FLA. after obtain a Joan upon the pledge of stock, aa other required, and warranted equal to noihern. or any r : :4414'ud5: 1.4bteabodusnd JaattaadeJ to ,*;tb _
Fob. IS, 1S9 29 6t JNO. B. COLLINS. T ILL practice in in is contemplated in the twenlyninlli section of the manufacture. Particular attention 'will be mestics.EngUh Jo- leSsaitt a y abopjgi thE.adi -

9 partnership the Superi- act,to which this i illLn amendmcnt.llhalJ paid to reminding old Book, Newspaper Maga ,
orCtaiirtsofUsoMiddle and neglect to zines and Venetian:
1OT1CE. Districts Apalachic renew or pay up hi*stock note, for the Pamphlet, Music Book. &. in carpeting.
and in of 30 plain or
the Superior
space 4
Court 1-2
after of Appeals.' Their and 5 I 2 fur il do.
SIXMomlu diIe, I shall present mac office is, for the in the days after tho same shall have become due, the I ornamental binding, t>t lo mutch pattern Paper English and Brussels flATIERs.:.
voucher and present new court house. shares ruled! for Bills rugs, mlL. &.c.
Letter .ffectual
so ,
apply to the Hon. D'c2L 20 pledged shall be forfeited to the bianl,and 4c. Super light and dark I AN Clan .3 ,

Jndje'of County Court of Leon County, for a any premium that may bo received from the sale I He ha* for sale a good assortment of Blank Muslin and fancy print cctaneou Itvgl _

dischorfe From the administration of the estate of Dr. ilaereofshall accrue aud be added Books, Letter and Writing ruled chally delain dresses. Jacob Railer Baltim ,
Benjamin R. Taylor to the surplus Paper, or plain, of Blk and col'd silk t.;
Hector Leslie,deceased, late of said county. his professional profits of ihe bank. the; best quality. Ruled paper of description. Plain auI' 11 at 'o.:1IJi
OFFERS a. citi crojs barJ JUKDGALLIGIIAN'S1 -
-Sept 7, 1339. JENNKT LESLIE. Tallahassee and its vicinity. Olfice See. 2. Bo it further enacted, That it shall be the I All orders thankfully received and promptly attended Jllcc6neu,elc. Cambrics. LpThst ,_

NOTICE. af his father's residence, on the north fide of Wash duty of the board directors, when any thare may I to. P. A- nAY.W \RV. Linen, lawns !glovc I VEGE'r
forfeited as aforesaid Tallahassee, July 13 hosiery, etc.
ington Square. to proceed to sell the -tf 5 FEVER AND
3IX same bbdsbrown '
.Month. after_date, I .will present my action Tallahala 'ntli Nrnr alpublic outcry to the hijjheM bidder before _. sngar. ,_ -A ertznandI.i. GI1E_ R_. .
1839Oharles the _
.1 ee. bank I Cotton hnY.. ,1..1..1 IIDP '
".IOYhlu. ...
F ""uuu AIIU 'fuucnerll. ana apply for a dirnis. ill! h..useinll".iou..r.I..II.... .. .... .._ -- .. .......1. -- PO uu. .L1: sale ojr ---".vnti,
from "V "J w. A .lIiu.t iiI ler:"VllIg ten subscriber, 4 bis loaf
the appointed do. .v..itJat
administration. olilxxestate of Jays notice, by Tllh Weigher of ccn,
Kedar publication iu all the I ..
Vaitn S. papers pub of 20 hues RANDOLPa' '
deceased. Sibley lished in Tallahassee an act passed at the last os- sperm candles. TalLabasee
,of the ion April .
and place of sale of the' 14
8eJ4I86sn HORACE VANN. O FFLUS his profession*Uervices as and the purchaser hall : Legislative Council, respectfully in- 20 bags old Java coffee. l.38. __
Attorney within ten forms the
a AdmV ofKtdar Van dcc'd. ant! Counsellor at, thc collection ('f cxcculclo tIle bank the bonds days thereafter I public that he is pro pord lo weigh Cot 2 pipes super cog brandy. A Plantation & .
and Ion either .'\
J -bis, 4-c. iuMiJJic Fl-niJ' mortgages nccti in this city or at the Railroad 2 ,pipes : S8O Arm of
i. lie will attend Mil !ary lo con'litnl<, him Hi Depot.- super champagne ditto. Laad ep.r
a stockholder scales
NOTICE. jhe Courts in the Middle Di,.trci. and be are manufactured at the sune place I old Jam Rain.JOUaNEdo Township' one. Rang.
suhjcet to the ns
1X week after date klull Ojh'cs -me rules, radiation! *, Jllil! l.'ioseused!', the lands 1..0.
S apply to the Honor ; ill Monroe Streetin ibe, tLc. Jc-Mric- by the' United States anti of Cat.
"- a'n'' be generally Lester
*ble the Judge tho couitty Ct'urtof Leon '.ccnpii d I by \V'm. Wilson, a.s a Book tliebuihrmrformcrl:t're. ) ; entitled! to the same rijjht' JTIVII-|"- Iaiul -', '} likiui: i"e by the weighers of cottrn ill the City. of 10 his whiskey 250 acres cleared and bndef U. W

Couniy for letters of "&dmini.tnlliull on tht estate T.dah.J.s.e!' day 12ih Ie5.S. iniinuiiilics, an sro u.iranti cd i to an original Ncw'ork, and. have, been, examined Raspberry lemon and on the premise C 4
the Iti5petlor a
40) slud..l.uIJ'r Ly
If sursa ilia
dwehW. .
r Hubert. Stone d CUiCd.: ------------ -- : l'.u'ltl.d. (taut the! a ate tnd iWfei'tire j ; of i-calis and Madeira par 55bps. Barnes Stable Hci '
-- wejhtsofz.eid mala
of city and a, and Gia
--liart- .
JOSEPH CRANE I)J VID h.ill nut 111'1 rate lo .I"'rtlt the bank of I ed iou re'rt. Priie prov port wines. house.w:
of Soda
nino building.
S.WALKER. lien vthirli any weighing, 10 rents per bale.f tnd butlCr crackers. J1 ry Any

Jan. II, lOin. _-1'l''l'/\'I'- -.. A I. ..f'1'& .6.4':1 r f "'1',, .' ',. .1.'VMMvitkai.'.hl.:_ itlllJY. Iliac. .1-ad en. the Ir peryof| the I H. M. IJl FI.'n.r.n- u__.., \"\',.' 'I.'.'._ .-UIIUII./" _A._._. L.amD.. ca"lor. _n_ :_n...._ _"w..,..,. nJ.vU". I can e.xanlino thl" peDWt-'i4i.i
& C"I.oh: I

idmjIlJslralol'S oiicc. of WILL )practice in the Court lIft/ Middle t"l D-.tricl) :I'uuiul fur the M'turity;: *'r:;of a>ufc all,nw debt rtttiM he*' .hall may owe rl'lI/llin the _Tall3la..l-lirc.lcl.( > 15 J It3'J.t ______ ____ Aluo. a large lot of segment* and gin grain pal the brother land, J. I.. Vicker rlo will !;?

4 ALL i'ruris indcl.tcJ to the Estate ot T. )fc Florida //is olfiec: is the tint room t" the ri;ht. a> ;payer. riulorscr or, surely, until I I JEVEL1SV. t (raw cutters, corn shcllerr. and steel mills Terms andisauthorjed tocouS?!

drcf'at-e-l' arc rcoucMe-J to make iminethatejiayiiiFtil over J B. lclJ"titilurc.u Tell'tai' ,',w here he may I li.ciaiiif "J! al! Laic 111'111 tuliy*.lti"l llcd. nl'111 I I E &tb: ;cribcr infl Carpentcr.Jiim and uioitire lucks. one- and two rears.! fcS2l>
ilwI\'IIIJClouud. rl'/II/ clfhy >rm !ti he citizens Trunk
'ai.d toe/ and pad do
having < lijuis JOHN r.\UKIIILL! tj&ilors JAiiEaiThomasvillo
Jjpirut C of
a-hier. Tallaasse"! *
; he has
tile: EM.IIC will --- -- j jol"t i Superior double
hcii Aug.
; ,presciil : for .idju-tnu-iit. \ MarelaI4.lJ9.! 1 3.r Ojlllll.d an assortment of single twist bl guns. 15.I IS&TtfT'this
I.I.IZ.P.ITIIcC'AkTl': I \WILLIAM l : i. r.A IOLPII) 1 Rich Jewelry and fancy Paten belt and pocket
pistols and
t AdwmUtiatrix: .I gonil- at tl.e'i'irnci of Monroe a general as
1\. .M.ALEX. )iU; Administrator. .\tJoriM-y and (:Counsellor I.a\v i L. C.\ HIrOS.{ ) 1 I-iiSjuaro street and Washing-1 I sortment of cutlery.

S'!. .MarK, Jan 2, 1 161J Tulltiltassc I .llcrclsaut Tailor opposite'c: r.-<. /'at.d.'Ipli & Lewi,'.j At./ ;o & general $Ji iI1E *
i2Adimriislrator's Florida. i assortment of
I Iie. the
.. g ttorr, \ : : he v..I il!' -tl 1 at J'i.iladdpltjJ! p.j- crockery uu glass Erm fVddel
I : ; - Olficiin th- New Court Uosise. i \-\J10 t:I..1 Itoj'C'l"J'U'y I iii:;'ruii the ciliz !III of.: l'I'-s. J Cl E.\GIJ! : .lITII. ware, badJIerv! whipsetc.T day dis.vcd! by ,

I A'oiice. Jam I IN 1S33 .J'I 1 If Tallaha I Nov 2 ,,
jrs.if.: f' :11111 it j'ul\y: : that ""I 114"reun.I'lllom .i|jatafl I ItoUUlli"'Mon .
h.l\ -
; ALL pcrAoiiii ll111 de-maiids aaihi-t the -- -- __ ew Yo: k Watt!: a fresh of.C.lh" __ NEW GOODS. w;
Dr. oul'pl.v
t4Ie ol SxurcL GILLAU A. 31. KAADO1.1 ISousc, ftc\v :
lately deceased, : Caiaiers I Orleans. HE subscriber LftAI
alld'COIIllj". of the has
ol } AVI.Nrt t received
Jcfferpou n'Wl.ot
I County, rnjuoftrd forthwith to loiau-d iiiiji cK'in Taiiaha.Nsee, (>f "I-'Ie JIIII, tl.e thll..t .1Iri I LONG & GR1VOT, per the ship B. C. a
luutla Spring
Ji.-ll \\ he just arrived fronr

; t Agent, WILLIAM I in, their claims proper!.tr taunted, to my : Jlelst.\hpf""n.. ... his. piofe.'!i. '_iiNrr_ 1_' ice&" t to _lit,_: _pa.bik.dolp ;! t/.V"l' a. ./Il 11I1_ '.iua tu J.\'I' iliad. up :III the to .! H.B" .: I : .I _'_hcwsdves at New_Orleans! did 3"t-vrtrncnt 01"sUDcrJ. ne. bra"d. Liverpool,,.1.11.... M.!! a__sple-n-._. __ fL I August-... .. .13. 1839. ..
BCDD, Muniiccllo -- .u oI' '1It VII'lC' n ..... --- .v. """"' --- -
ai.J ull:I 01 1'1' J. II. "" 'Llog
who are indnbted l persons !1, .n Monroe Srct. Ian- : m\\.C'! IaiII..". To pleu.c.: tI.e .JY IIl1d fa-Iolidlou" ; null -LIUll 1.11"l) IIrnlSHon JIlI"illess, .f the following colors! : barII. under the firm of c.c.otJCIle4'1.Ii'.
to oli'illlt
same, will make immediala Jay2fi .!: the 8u' !>criljcr 'lain eiii['lojed It. n. Pilgrim! who :: 'ttro.iaenf their i fricl.di aim ] ib. B'ue black wool dyed will settle the Randolph fL
payment to him. ; plI.c .
Jan TIlO.MAS KOSS, will! give hs ur.-diviilcd Uttetri to th. Cut t> whi ii I ih v pledge their best services. Black, do. (o. affairsoflhefui.mer 4--- Lh
23 Ct ---------- ti.ij rd7 1 :i. tf"A'OTICE
lit :AdmiuiMral I...' TII0.1IP.SON & T. Ii. II.i(-\EU.--- D 'i"artnu>i.u / >- _ Invisible green. aug 11 ifS J.ILI.4 -

AduiinislratorN ATTOK Tail.ahas.uOut.) 20th, LcP.Itiforjiialion: I : Sea green. B.C.
t Xoticc. EYS AND : *
CO U: :
I ALL persons iudjblc-d to the Estate of fioJr.nT'ADErslI LAW, rJ.LlJ1' i h_ j i I [$ fa 1IIE ilubscrikr iuforms, & his friends and the} rub- Dahlia; light bronn, Notice. *.
I j u. lie, that he has Adelaide. IX .
deceased purchased after
are entire dale
Tallahassee stock
fuiuard and make rcqiiehtcd to omv Florida. To.T A.V TED: 1.11! a man by lIlt name of (''tirick i trade uf DC AL & JhTCulxsnnd in j, JJ.'uc! and lIon. Judge of weurona tt&iJfc alit
immediate the indigo blue. the
pa mcM to the! un- : 7 ILL r'rnric! ,! Jr. tl}.c .'rJ'nuris j V. r.w.lthltfotJudd) iL. t business will r County Co cyA?
: : C( felt hereafter Ie Coumy for
df'rsignedond oft) ul Which

A.'A'..._L lrc_ nil! Jioldin! claims: aain.t i,.,iri Y Y "["Id'c and .\"; "__).,.,..-. .I\'r., ......... 'I. C I.out llit. n..o- IIf'. -,-. J'.." "" u", u..'".- ., ,.r,. .-.n'ew, red'. 'hair. ( .tl.rl'- ....n.1 u continued I.. ,J... in .}his It.. ,_mn.. r.amnein n .the _same I .J2tpc_. .,.....I.he will r,'._make I.:__ up, _to.,order. in.. the. best and Arclubdd. letters. ,, ,_diiniMio.. ,.frtaSSAug. .
tt url 1I..m. 'U. .
III ----r' : u. -
rcql1elltcd rid.i I rClurns JI' "U"3 ule -- .
11ItIII d l'of II'u\ks CiOlJl. !
l'rCFnt in the laa'e I.e
heated, within the time prescribed I Lv.lj :1I.lll:n- B'.iiinevs: Court Aj'{,:aN. I Sijiicni! :r 15.J? fur Tampa Bay, Ea-t Florida, the public! for the liberal tDcouragcmcnt he 'has purchased expressly for this market n .T ;JS..BF
by for entrusted to uhen Idj-l I re- they wilt be I
snOut, or they mil be forever barred.MARGARET pay. prompt a Hen t iou. ;heir: ;rcI ill intct with. Call heard from it was in November l Id Jo in cI lcd, and he &oi! illS a continuance! ot the sane.! found as good! as any of Britain's! boasted !u-tra'! DAlIlEL S Sif

WADKINS. Cm I 12 oun county, \Clot noilo.JIfIIJI.j! this meet :: lie has on I.and aril I'lconiinue l to keep UI..VMS 10. log) if
gcr.eral IIKA:
: Jan 4 18-10 Si 23 A,iuiini trntrix.Adiuiuislrator's It' \ (,tiCC.: coilftr the} i-jc of many me acrjiiair.toil with him, they will i(i'assortment, ofs'ich' ) goods as are necessary for lie No. 4, UerryT. f:>w., :: .

; Co.partlll'r"lliJlilhrrro an ivnldhtinjj favor ori Ins di-contrnftd town and country trade. He invites all those I I May H;. I 109. FUKMTVfl& \ -
--- n-o| ERR
THE / exising! wi'c, Julia I hateoulstJiidin 4't f. KIKKSKY:
between Hrown and fa IT '
II II l 'JaY"
9I1ce. I.I'J account
\ 1'. addressing her ; previous to \i1
SIX months after dale I shall apply to the Jude DUVAL and Wjlf. II. KNOCKE.VBROUGIJ with a fi-w l.ncH, in rare of Jamrs Cauj'iliu' No. :I i and settle: a.-iie. Orders fiom. tl.e to eall : Carriage Harness Iakill- .oflirfwr sale! a rUe rt9liR
I the has been this dj dissohcd [ country will jCjr'TIlE subscriber ture on as ni lllt.J:dt
Cou'ity Court of Jefferson County for twit con&ent. by' mu- 107 Cherry stnctciv Yuri., klalinjj particu'ars.! I|i he punctually a.tenJcd t 19, and goods furnished having eni-a;eet the a'rvs reasonable teriusas *rer.
a final settlement and di-charge flow the Adiinn. WM. II. I f UN: 7 It the lowest nurket pr.ce. at ces kil' Carriage and Harm s a AJ. Lerfro-r. ,.. tnlhepu lie, consisting of -. -.,.*_!

istratore'iip' ofSoLOJio.v HOWARO, deceaird. I res:Je nllOCK CHOre ll wit! continue toI' --- _- -.-- -- The highest& prices given for all kinds of the North begs '(3'fe t-jii.form his friends ai-.I dc! j f *'i fj5, and sofa Bedsteads ,. _.,

I3EXJAMIN Apalachic'jla nd practice-in the A I 'l'o Geoie JIHclwll) pro-luce." ALLX. country public thflt all uders for rcpziirs &ea'a !fte Bureau*,Tide Lairds
11AKKO.V ch.'cola laIa- FOK.MV p-i- c and
Jan JJ, 840 21 District i and the' County of Leon '' Formerly of Jlolcornbc Tallahassee) DU VAL. tuatly ned lie iily f.xecuteJ. |(Vntrc card and rcerPtarieiv .i'
in /
: Adm ill tor. ("'tut of Appeal and the the County of Af.iil'J3.;1 IM-J. 3S-tf I extension iabeg
r ; Stddlery : .
1 LEON Gal-dt'll!' if- ivciiUv uarlyt and in Jcrt'e-rbon and Dorset, England, or to fits ncit of kin. 'Vo !t Done. t i 1' Matri-'ync .,1

___ COUNTY_ COURT. ". eaiployed. OTICi: i i. P. II. S'VAIl\1 & J .CLAE;: : .:.ahr>gany rhair'
TI.I... .. n T.lllalallh'r.! v. 'hereby given, ILat if GO.iMKKCHANTS .
AU" u", 20111.. ]BI".. _. the aid I 'I'ailaha.u'cMvr. l I..J *. > ... _., _.
".uoczcau. dama: j:1000 --- --- a. 1'. Gl'ur.- ..,,- ."iI...,. .1,1. .. .ru._h ...... 'r.I ','Jllla" all J1111. I. COIJIIJISn.'n..mA.. -. ----.-.. .... __.___ ----- IDf I -. -' .J -....u. .,'.4..._.. _"./1111. ...

Al John tr tltt.clunellt, $IJ' \oliee. I I Mitchell of Molcombo, at'oreiaid, U" ; ( /'H IlEhighfii' premium,; will: !.o.. inicnl of diuio*churn,tile kIl-
l n.'ur IlE 1 P.'at: I in w living', 01 be j aid for Notes t f gtttt t'uL
been tUad [ / ji. it rrs, &'.
ofTon-nshipTM hoid! ,
havo left the Bank State. 1"0" .
MMIIE% defendant Rallrr Iua a North any p<'C-j< nal re Georgia or
and nil others and Eu : risenla AndfmraI Augusta FInn' /.'
JL intcr 5I'cj. are "t, v. as furi-j.-hcJ IK Uijj ms in America, lie I Dealers in I>ry Goods da Life and T.i r AmigaCITIZEN'S .
OlHrc or hey
hereby notified of the institution ofllieal-ovo Sth IIM. 1. J. on the tiling laiIr ni.iy ' of & 'rut- I (;IWClIIl( : ts.: PtOV1S1ON! Company, North' aril) South .

F described suit, by ariaehme-nt% and arc required 7alijhasi.c', Oet. ICth HACKLEY, itgta'r. to! their" a as.ta.e. I t.) jjjvu,; either 1 I P. II.W'AI.uI, ? \c. I Carolina Ban-, r o'raft on Northern} Cities, it i COFFEE HOt! '-
to : 11K. personally or by Ictu-r St. Marks 1 i iimneJialc UE
& : '
aidtn H.a < SubicribrM
n n
come forward and j'Oil |' c" ih" jnJcr- EKASTl'S jp m tile In have
plead to the Jc-daraiion! I COMB opened Ibb
tiled. signed j isttJi
three I .
J.\O. IJ. TAYLOR 1 I iiioiilliK frmn the Ihte I"cn-ol': .j t hue Floldt. EERRY: DOWLlNG.or mcnt in the C.ij of !
J M D ) ; and TalahasHeNtMe
K'OTT Shouid! large
Dec 21 20 ihoso ;indrbtrd rarnetlly r"f."Cltl' : any p"-r:on be abc lo sei.d a itiflcatu of'I'I 1'lIEY commodious warehouses I I dec 4. L. A. TILip50X lonr"l" lrect ,itc the '.
__ Alt''for Pl'ff. to him fur former I he said i ; storage .f cotton and nppo Capitol tafias.
__ ._ :_ :, to call andtrcttliM.'ic' y\.ars tervjcep Gcor:: .Mill'I.ell's death, a mod-r to rCI 'I mil Merchandiseai.d: 'Rvprci.c-nlaiivrs Hall.

; Ilay's: Liniment, I cannot be hame, at longer I indugenrc ::- IK rat on \\Iillla a I ..aid. The -.1II1! C<.<>. .Mitclirl! II.I'II aiici pay particular attention to rftt-iviiig lorward- AMES: B.GAMHLE and hi.s brother :GCA[ T.I codiniodate the citizens They in good arc". reared Ii
g given
lilt Lipping .JleeUIIOItldalillJ aWc
CERTAIN I'tinir. kbuut and r.-iercliamli'-c, 'J .AN GAMBLE |.
: have
i- l-l ,
4. CURE for the followin-r diitres. in f>fi : yrars uftige. HeIc.ler ': any > tin.-u.iy a.bOcia.'f: i : IHn.JO.
III/grah. the
':"; .-UIII"13111'-" 1a\Jllshrd jn l'\C\Y -- (r'JIII I .:Jancl 11.oul .I.: \',.". ......,,., ..... .1._ port 1.1 United Slates. They hire constantly tnisines, al the old-stand .GAJJULE: &. REID I Kts-tauraut. lo keep a.Cnli,
York.I lid --- -- J--- u. "'c 11"1 Oil hand a hrire and underJ I Breakfast, Dinners
.. used in our principal JJOt Vitail', and LEGAL -- -- : ret ivt'J from \\ai dated at New York Ifall cxttn.-ivc :.6 sortl.lclllol" Goods )l/'t -Ilamc Ulldlifvf.nn'J' ,or..,' .T....LU.BIlLE p .d. ._\ OI/S/CT'_. &r .......rot .._ :_ ___ooL_ Ssppen. !
by de l'o. ----
eminent JVOTICK. cri lion. -- -
; MeJical men, with the greatest po& ,, nhich for cas.'i tI.eyili suit! low in lot ; TI.I'Y! ask the' karne 'liberal of p.ib.'ic! pitrona"c J promptly furnisr.ed.U2uau The Bar w.I'furn renet alec-,H"
(externally in the Attor l'rt'8.-od an n.tfntion or approved 1..e I'Jwct on the late linn. well
following coiipainls. neys al Law. will practice in ofguiai! to the West }Florida i They li'ijif by a strict and credit. ,) and careful y x-Iectcd: stock of Wines sail
copartnership in tlu I' the '
For the b"uppri or Western Iah. to prortipl allcntioit to JAMES (
Pita I Tighlnesii Courts of the Counties Mrtlle. i.iU-resU th0 C.AAIBf.F, quor.
in ibe of I of those
For all lrejVy. chr-st, on, Gad icn Jefferson, Le latedlus! 10'h day of Oelol-er tntruslincr hu,iness to their J. G A TT.\X '
? ]C3y. Intending
|I Franklin Calhoun at Sha :e- I I to merit care GAMBLE. to
ill and fay attention
especially children. a eor.til.ulc every to latin
Tender in i Jackson, am" bury, in the of the liberal Jan 4 1340 .
Feel the of Doihet.) I 22'I' lUhmrnr
court Eni'lanil. I i ,
Foul Ulrer ., Appeals at : heretofore patronage ihry : :
: f the 'legi, I TajJiari-i-| ujoyed. _._ trsfM c.ruIIlullcit. the pity aa .
throat Add I1'X4I'HUll: the
Canon reps of ThonuK : : ----C -- public.
by I Ell. Solicits. I St. ( ---- -- -
: or other furious Ihhzcll.pllaehlt .Marks Jail.30 G.JHAURIOL
or ulcers however obstinate liurCf. I j AddrcM of \'alkNndcrli'JlI, TallahaxK I I Any fnrllirr; inii.r...a'.ion can be obtair.ed of Jas. -- --- -- -1K33.- 26tf ,I IJ'ATIIAA'S I lIE Sur>-cri' er havin.'r; lakn oulL..rtrr, of U. FAYABT.i9'

Croup 'long ..taIJdll1 .or June 15, 1839.-If !ce. B. d'aniblt {,. Co. Ttll.hatl"cr. :2 ju. .I 1101'EL.:- -- Administration on the Estate of Thomn Ta:1ahsec: / Oct. 12, 1839. .

Whooping Cough, I Frcnh Wound. ---- --- --. rHUIEsubscrioer tukt-s the.liberty of I B imt-tt, ri,rcased. rcqu-sts all ind--bted 10 In 1kc --'- --- t/
Fresh UULI. A ifflrminf
; Garden Seeds. TB.r CO. iiavc ie-cmd, M. his friends anj and Notice. .
There tire j'it f-p public i payment that alt those having cliims! *
many thousand certificates of tl.e r.-ci-ivcil. a lrrkh) l.-t &lii/ (i"-nevn, and o' arrivals has gpiicrally. that he against J. Co-Parnersbip .
most rcepe-claMe end aulhenlic JUST t.t GirJen( Seeds. I I era! o "purchased the H ue lately known al! Eltatcy:1I: piesont the-ni imnieiliutclv.! THE >ieeztaiiiti
chuat'l"r. of nted (if the *" .irliiieiu ofthcirjostlahionablcfctvl.5of as the ot
which many growth o IJ1J. For ccn.1 hI'LUfUD.1I0n.a.nQ.iney.: ) STEWART
be sale HENRY GO.T.a.1JaJu .:. 4- B.-tlLVAJD..
may examined 'lck blown d tind which under (
-hrre thr article is &old. by E- imx! fancy Cloths Ca" -riiilciidanrc| 'has ha I '... Jan !dIfi40 iissolsedby the death of the
Itisusedasan external T'llaliassce EBARNARU.Jr. I Vcgtin*'I &c. which would p undergone thorough) 23 .. iilfl ,. .._ ,_stnioj_ jez.a_ \ii.
application" and for ma. 13th /c. lt! ** l.iey: Le pleased: lo make lor.d in \ hieh Ijc i, repair 114 Tsr.ns __rr.1._ .1. t
ny other complaint enumerated In thr - -- Iruggiaat. I Upforlhci' ._ .1'j..,, .".\...;. J.h, _. I IIfHV rlad to. .r".i.-_.... -..ftrf. .__...h immediate- .n I"" IlX IlIerequH ..
ill --- -- lo Law :1I1em
J u C'II I It
wrapper I .6 jlarn cMot JIM PaE'tllt'nthip. all
concidcrcd remarkably! clfeclivc; but fur the l'ii<-s CARiNETMAKING. with; jjreafare fr*>m the 1.ltCiLf'W York Imr>or1 him with their ubiiity, all who may fHe I : 1Yt'CA"TS.RTON please present the ame., having" (1ait4"wf.:-t

it has no equal, ai.d the agents are u. w bound ; 1 tJiionscannot fail I i'p': ase the mo: (a3111ieus.! To patr.iuig. JOSEPH C. POPE. I E..BAIiN.t
I !
< to Kubucnber llunkfu! those u ho know R. STONE RD.Jr.
refund in all 'j'H | l.imlle deems it hive formed 1 Iurshing; Farfa
cures where it doc : IIE.1PY{ MDli'LOTJIl.G. unnccesf" a Talala.ssee'! ,
not I !
L. M. cure. Q r.J"t f.vuurm Hel'pcc- ry to inako pionusors with copntnu.hil in practice of Law. July 14, isi.Dissolutjou..
., Comvloc K Cu. Propiieiors. For ale Ly rgf.> !lifiipy! : informs the citizen* of i iSupetn.-ie: t.1ak.! ljucaiidfaipycokrcd! : : drubcoat--J I which the Iiou>wilile regard to the manner, i. I I' tend to l.-iciness in the counties uf They will at. -i
7 i
DO t j : kpt. To all Gadsden Le-
RANDOLPH = J Fik: others I
do. ,
ALEWIS.. j has he I rf
Tallahassee "ud'Iclnll on
--- that I only t.' say cal: and Jefferson Jladisoi aid Himtf.n.! of /R IIE .
-- for
COI arlDcrsbjp.-- -- '.:rf. H'Ir!'i.fJ: :: ,'n.I he conlis.urrf to carry on the! I Sup dine blue, M!:clc, I"o\\n. drab, and mixed ., b you fu.d him oxpeak judge of''Ii,". yourselves a., [I And in the co'intii" of TI-orna ai-d Decatur Florida. Ji. tttceu Cu-Parlmr-hip Eo'niund: heretofore ass tJsj; ..

;. .: !: 'tJ' \ CiiLim.t $l Jdklll. bi-incFs Ovei-votts I'iu.! i-l 1iuii, alma.! Ucax-T do Moiiair Georgia. Letters dirertrd of Brook Vase and Iii ri
Fubffcribcrb have this ; C 1 : in tin. to Parlon b r, was dijvcd!
TilE Jay entered into j : i ull : I IJ.iitk.; i itt,. 1 ISAACNATHANS.. C. Pope. on the 2th: of
: : ItSV.IrIVIy al the Quiucv.Ai'niS"i Monti'ello J. ScplvoUt
as pcncial conllllisl'iuJ oM stand .. or \IrC I/lts. or n' hard 1'. t.y the death ot f .Mr.
and for T Fun- 1 la-'k .. Stpnr, Vass. The
of nies! ami ,
wardin merchant J : and Ri'i'jlds' '' c Pants, F. ncy coloicd Jo. 'I T"l1:1I.c. will be bu"illrtl-Willt
under the...tyJc. of_ MiN..u-'ht. I -. Cu11:111' ippo.ilc__ 'Bu 'k..l.illl'l...L .. Rlulltd L __ I a UK( promplly allrniJed tr. They settled Lv
A .n.. .1 -.. ." 'M. 00.1. I : lo.-- ,roan.'p.1. _.. ." I.*. I f A or T\\I\ CO7JOSEPH \\'ill 1 alt"nd t. in; thc C F DtE&S
.VIIU. \ .v. Wllrro 116 un. V'MH" "V .JI' To, .! C''s f'ODnlv :nA ... .. .;._ ...
\I1'SAUC IJT. will bo I (("'::11 Ca ,. .ro "L r -.nno ," .
II 1111 d ral -
JAA1ES happv lo receive order from 'his fiienda' and > (OOt*, Sue: Jlu! much J, I a v. '.11; .ur stlc by Ofrts.: ant tile ourl ot \11J'f'JIIi. .v. $ u.n'l'l0: (1ftICL.

Port OitAIOM the public generally. Sidc'uojr In I'nreiiu'jand and 1.1111.Huri'cll: .Ic,. lOWLl' G. E."r.TO ut'IDnec Springs, East Florida Dec 1.II,
Leon Jan 20. IC40 2C ; fu mi. j 'jhe Okra Cotton: I C. POPE. Official Mont ireflo. .
lure of Ker.uky: Jeaffl! d or, a* it is
ma-lo i.
debcriplion in nuvo
every \Vntcbcs
a fashionable and calie-d; Twin C'otton pr..pcrlv J. AIcCANTS, \: R. R. >TO.\E Jewelry
: Silver
DcH.ble! amid M Tal'ahaW.XE1V WanAUJSTI5.XA.
Gostcnliofer : .
& Davies, manner and on nasonahlc terms and single brca-trd CIllt11'esf: Super Cotton likely to supersede all oilier j.1II 1 1C 6
COMMISSION he hope -tricl fine IJ.iclc ilk Vlv t l ilk' PJ.isii: It is III' crlamd:: to be : .
4 M E R C II.! \ T 9 by attention l' l jbinfss to merit : ) War'! and blue! ::- pan: :, and, shore Iiardv -- -- -
HEW OKLE.JNS. and receive a liberal share ol the! patronago ttf the tin do. Fine fijiifd Jo. urcJ-Jo.. drought having a longer; tap root, it bears: GOODS.--- have removed I

REFERENCES.Bond blic. Colon: ) Valeuliis of I letter. Itl 1:1.1I'le is lint than J-',. store formerly lit
pI. r the occopic
ipe-rior quality
Esq Fancy (; Pgtit HK i ,1
: Silk do.-do cloth Velvet ulfcotton, aud that i i-: 'I" unignt'd IMVC rrcmed by :i .,fj Wro II Jb C ..
Jlfccfery. Belton & Fisher, J\COB BLESS.' ,-Fair fancy Thibet,- yields: grt jt desideratum, it rivals, and recent a2 : ;. Wyalt, I., ."
I'' N. B. All coloie l silk Velxet.-Fancy ., more Lii the Srnl than ( opened atthejrstores JN'os. 1 .Q thryareuowopBrnalasortmrnl
Kerr JL Kirkey kinds furnkuro repaired Lgured d .-superior any UUfl known Uc'q.11 Row. k ,
I that .
on reasonablo ; a
: and! i>, a pound of general! and ri liful
qiiali'.y lat' this wdll1kO'ntt'd 1
Tullahas-'Bce. : terms.Tallahaksrc. .t style -it: silk VeUct cJe. Coti-m ill the Seed will Fall and \V"inter stock c> & S of arlicB .
JtfardiiM.Messrs. Alolyneux 1639. Witiicrby, 4- Co. :Liverpool. Pepl. 7th, 183D-tf Tl.ihni A !tlpC'l'i'r and Iani.qualitY<>>k Cloaks.of Ladies Cloth! :1emino, Cotton pn-dui-e! kin iwore wn.ele-an" Cotton and :low Seed than .inv- I L'ajroinjr arid Goods Bsle, consisting Rope, in part f heir G..Jd.l.cnr.ADeher..CJJca-tine. such as _

,,. .- 3Jly I,< CHINA & GL.-:S W AIE 'hiJrrns: : German! Ji k-'s anSI I'nt. o--H pi.- F. C. Iharlo \ .Nil"-23-, r I.inscy'.! and Kcrney'j, Jrr! and VirtWatches; Rings, a' Dna t.a Oa

Provisions und Groceries. ReX Cil China Tea lId Dinner .AIcrin !,!ac!. h..lllia I "ill, GO, .urefillc I of.-arah Ilul .e"1 Superior; Court. kets French. Whiluer, Du/Til/ and ttril.'cd Blan \x, Rul y. ..i&millp.c.. ; BrojrJie, a. Dun",
WILSON & 'et: :, \\1\; (.I tilied d... Uarlt-y, J i tfpnnrr Tern 1 \t t.saii. Cameo
:BC. CO. aro now &e. ri ...!ei.y i \\/1. v. { .J 1L'41 ; Enamelled! paiolings. ; GeW
Heroine from rocivilltPLy FR\ CI:. L :a"11 t amid silk Poeki Attachment: Lo-icll Xos. & 2 r.Ili-jree Work, Eai m.i
Baltimore, a generalAwortmtul T.tllahas--.Jun I IV, I IC33 t I I rclid-. \ E.:: t% iky. $4S2JV. { Oz'iaburg. "u>ai.d Pins; StlrerUisrJi'as ,
of Proyiiions and 2UfTo : I Cotnn and woolen ; l t Damage heavy Ruscl nro Tei ets'labfeasd
Groceries. uliiits anil lriu' .J1000. an", Desert Forks
The rs ; pca
lowing article compiiso a part ol their fal- l'htiitei's. !Iy"! Jo- CII1'IJrCIt'! !? ,'!t.Oak'IIJI..I'I..I.HlcIIi.. d"// THE i .J.ti'lIdantll'HJ: clhcr persons ill"'rbt. Rich: Brus.sels and Scotcb Carpctn, Cups. Silver PJat.-J: C ndlStrk% -, Cake B b.

.tockvz: present Hr.JUrecl'H'cd: 1 it are hereby uotiie-d of lru: cl', \ViIton and ':.>tor Tea Sets
the : Coffee
Inux by the Schooner mulcMij fine Hoyts.; the ill"titnlion o' Tafted Rug, (Uic. ard t'poou*; CIl-
Baltmiore; Family Flour, ',: Ilankcy, from I'ultunorc, arcs MOW ready N .'uu .ii:iing! of all ile, i : ; above pull, and arc requested t-j appear and Fashion.ililc! bras Fender, and I K-ry. Guns and Pistols, Cane, AsirmlLamr*,. .
.. I pcadlo the '
Cured Hams, !t.r-dela'r; '.11 the. payment: of the luI'kl'y': !>upet ''ila.t''Ii.l!! i.rule! f.arhii-! d.claratian. Hlid in Mid cas-p. Caned Arid-Irons, l': ( 'loth. Fancy -

.. I. to idc" -.._OO". ,..' ,r iarnc.I'ply lo atJe! FIOT' lIal ; ..In II n. hnor. Iah" anv. ..tC"ilt....r..u. . J\I.ftvl..f.I'.M.. .. .. :_..:._ ., . 'J."_
.1 I J It BeT'1'U -.".Icis: ;lilt; WoulClI6rII: I Jail. 3011,. \.!& "U.' & UUJ.., Feathers c ; Matranse-- .n. .uanlel l "8e puMic! to call- -and ) 'WIII Iuclr: 'IICmI' I"I
'A Sluuldt'rll. <, ami C'uun, Ho I! __ Ci nl'Y fgr Plaintiff.JUST anil Bed*_cau\. examine.:
t'rinolok, R ICE. siery. With a {jencra! assortment of I Nice watch
I 1EVGoDS. choice Groceries repairing l'C'J'OOrIaJyatmblto.! : .:
;: ., Fresh Lard FORSalHSOTijrce. ) Lot Charleston. RICE :It lJi 10 id Cloth*, ('a!<:;incri, Satinettf. ;ai-d, Vrst received by lali-anivaN! Hardware and Cutlery, Staple and Fancy Dec il 28

;L1'' Glades Butter, Leon, l.y n! <': .ill rie",-ritiii',,. 17 if.NFO'i.MS I li orimenl of DRY GOODS, a new and Good,. finn Boots and Shoes, Hat and. Caps Dry

Codfish Rice HOLT & :[ : GltOCiiIiS Crockery and Glass Ware Lauds for
LLER. ln'FI'J''ltl -- HARDWARE zt.t'z Pickles Sale.
-- : ,
- &c.'tich Catsups, Jcl-!
-- ;
Knglis'i' Pine Apple and ---- ----- tIn will sell h>w, for caj-h we Jaaits'yrups&c.All PURSUANT to previoo holier the A_ i
American; Cheese Ia..IO'I"S CO I < iiuru" iii f T"la".t'c; : aid: UKipj I or approved credit. ,

I. i; Aborted Pickle. Pickle-d Oyaterii, .1 lJ) H. : ( : \ C(1U a j""ill:: j ; C,11"11 I J. I thaI In- \\i,:: p. ;.- CiOI\IA( tf &. HALL. and of which they offer on accommodating terms Company noir off r fornl '
I'L.lsJ'l-JIUhasU-.iuiM.) j Iho
1:1.l.IUTI. at their entry
TomUCIand- Wiilnnt Cab"I'. .II ..II.....,.".. .. \ .. I .1! vithi in tin ill i city, for the purpo.-ie of lira I 1 ti-nn-; J)..ntal I j I IIULL'H- usual l J"w prices. III Town following Pine Lands in Loa C* "

I Pcpper Saucc. fuBunclt tu.ins ". ('II i iutrnd&ic.l has ''HI WI'l"1'I vcr it"s" Surge, "'id ban tul.en ti.t room Vegetable JA3IE3 E. BROOME& Co. 2 South-Range 1 Eat section*';.

Is Fif s, Almyn, Lcmmons Starch, T ret.'dic.s fur th r cure 6U"'f'ol! ,"Corn-drd!.. the use of other. pie.J$ by Dr.I ) Cros" |dj-
Ij Suuff Ufgalia S'-garc-, A few .ililslicatloiii I wifl I City, Hole! I j j, lie( most safe and efficacious bccumetttsbhjt1jcj as In Town 5,6,8 l 9, 10, 14, 15, 17 and 24.'':ii- ."

Winter Sperm Oil, CandleSoap! est r< rns, .inJ el.t1nly remove thc larg. ) M. i i" prepared t to i: remedy liE 3 South,rang* I Cast-section is i I. :(
prevent further of t er discovered
t f.cry v.uifiy has
,pain. work Ilit. f lor just received 55,, 8,
1 Lindnccd Oil, Spirits of Topc-nt; n, Pi ice t : per box, with directions for in ,the line of his proie-dMon, and dr rs li.n i-rvices Influenza, Cou;I*, C.,!d", Asthma 1 t for sale low for cash, Gentlemen'and offer and 10.11,12,13,14,15,22,23,24: ;and fn l 4anflIr..
White Lead. Glass Fur fcalein use. Iu I Ihc cilizeiiij of Leon I < Whooping, fine black
Jallaha.scp ( tJuglr.
snu Spilling of it'f'
1t lit the Drug Store ul ly. Blood, and all a und Russi.t Far Hats In
of afFections Gentlemen'! 2
Irish WhUkey, Hi be found! at hill the LunI.T ofI and South range 2 E'asl-sec oiIIJO 1 a* 'J
hupcrior old! Rye do. I RNDOLI'II may olhce ut r.l! Ji'.uri no'Y'! Capj, 31 i
& I.I\VJS.: of the I Travelling Trunks do. find fractions "
N. E. Rum. American Brandy. r.... HU..... -I .1--._ I d"J'. .....u.. ( .. I I'relentilll. tll:1I-:. u..pi.- .' ......'_ .. lan \'al'Se! .. ,_, _"n.1... n ,.nn" ._, _.,.__. _Bags. ;.Travel-_ .rn. 1'__._ CL of__..19. 29/ &ml_ 32._ _
-- .
41.t .D U ''''' .
Terms I JL the 1' to 1I1e pU Jl c, 5 "UraUlCnt GIOlh!. C..s. a VI.U :toUUJ. nne 2 East-scctiOJ1J i.7
V de'ivered till Casll. No goods i in future will Le For Sale.-- :. lii'.r tfi;. I whom the Jroprietor i" aUllloric'd by a Physician from: mer", SI 1 rea.Jy mal 0 Clothing. and fractions of 5, C, 18 and 29. .

\ paid for, circumslanccK po.itive-lv I Vij'cJl' Charles C. Hill and Mr. Tiwa;. J. l1erkjr.ui recipe was confidentially obtained L. In Town 1 South
orbid. SPRING BARLEV mitable; for ced. .LY. uro aulhorizi-d! fclale that 'he-has used it t ii Tallahassea CARLTON. I range rU.est-seetktt 2 '
I'l'Iit my agents during himself! and in, Nov. 22d 1339. 31 32
.J''f'IICU hid 33 34 and
pee.2v183; uf Scud, of tile pat year. Enquire from tile Ternary.'M\ P GOIDIA my bivo practice Pulmonary affection, v/ith extcn, 36. ; fractions of 19, 20, 27,!,,3 -
-1 Dec i-liiiinf a lon- ,
JOHN e/feel./
21 Hoot
J'\ .SOA The
NOTICJ Dee KfJlLI.. I happy rombinali-.n of Manufactory. Tho whole of '
t 21 20 - blu bubhl.incc vejeta- I Town 2Soothrange1 \\.

.. ALL persons having any demand; against the i! For Sale.-- ---- art-peculiarly! ei which it is f'ntirolyeomJ'ultcd, TJHE subscriber is now prepared to manufacture .1 cert sections 25,S6,35. and 36. _

.(Edmund B r IHE ..ui'"eIILrr'i.1JCI QUAUTKK SECTION: of adapted to di!(acs of the work in his lin., atfuir At 91. '
VAn, htcly deceased, of TRACTS to sell several valuable I : itulaled fir t rate Land: Liver, and Momaeh. Lungs ing employed prices and have to $130 per acmm entrant bilk or.e.
Jefferson county, aru requested forthwith : OF LAND near hu twonUt* norlh-w. Tallahassee. Thia a number of the best workmen from Territory.Tl'esa ,
to I nicdicina
der in their claim ten Planters desirous to retain Apply to has been used very I. city of New York, giving them Lands offur :
properly attested toV'rn Budd can he their capital rOtoidl'IICCl.// and the( proprietor enBi"I'I,, th* highest advantages for pasture I
has wage, and
______ fonlicello, aut.'iorisec'! : arC'JrI'lI1lJdded with R.J. HACKLEY.PAIA'TS not known single injjancc aeterminedtosupply a article cuItiv&tioand superior Timber. .
I my aerat, and all il. mus in 'wl.ich: it has failed CnlfSkiii good of .
... J
person ul
who .eludeltcd to thy same will make nUI"IJ n. J F.{ U.\MULE. _-)-2i. J-ti-9. fur ,.d.i.1..- ;, : __._ in irivinff. relief in diseases _._.u, Morocco.. Mn trn.l. |.> -I'reJlJiYIt--Tn iho.._ tec '
\Vdau"ce! -- -
--- .
Jo him. payment I Jeflerson Fid. > : --- ---- -- ICCI'IUUUlltled- -- uvcn in ronae oi inUBC whit con ider and smaller fractions of
ELLEN _. i Hlh
i me secOon
W %
VASS, -- ---- _._ Xov. 1839. OILS, AC. proachin: 10 eOI.tolln/ptiulI >aBfj2f fllv of the cncoarayement AU purcbover $
jan 18 08, -- -- -- 2500 Ibs attended with blecdinfoijthc southern manufacture. these be insdeuatho
Adminiklratru. While Lead it i oil Repairing may usual terms 0ttk
& LL h Lungt. done
pcrhons in ;" of 100 lbs ai.d ul.ercnll neatly and .
'- having claims add 25l\ >* each oilier rrmedirs had Company; thil is, 1-4Uincaabgnd
against the Su'bkoribur -Linked faile-d.iho/ promptly.FREDERICK ],2anu3 .
will Spt ine-bt decided ,
- .. J. II. MIFFLIN, for wttleinenl plcaio! present them' immediately uhhca, &.c, aiid Window GI". Turpe-nline; attended iu and flattering success has Dec FILER. for payment uf the oilier. 34tbs.
II like. 21
Portrait. a k ho will Common colds 20mGKJRIf'.IAN Lands io
For which Gadsdtjn and
Painter remain a short ale are Leon,suitable
J lluliaseo time In by rally the iriecl of gene ext at
; (Of Philadelphia, now from Avgiuta. Ceo. ;ifl A OO or the purpose .f seillin 'his husiues RANDOLPH I' Yield; In Its :inflii obilruclcd: perspiration, will! for cultivation, wjll aLto ba sold as tuqal,oa app..
) & ... I AT1IPPJA1'flV
1i'wPI1'J'Wr"'U.... .. v. _. I. IIIIU"" iIIrH, .t'1.. .r.Q'11).. au a ftnv.- -IJOltr.---.- '. .i.Asinma .u & ..
U.1.0& ,nfltca the cn zona of T. ".' u. uur.. --- :1Slf fJoauelJ( .u U"CQ '" mission ce
n. Ithaatee and its breath Wheezing, and shortness or luercnaiits Subscriber; and settlers will be
vicinity to call and examine Adruitiislrator's it gives immcJiale NUB Orleans. preferred I

fpociiaen; art in Portrait and Alipiatore persorji having Notice. 'fI.Ull: Subscribers relit and slcc,.. In relie-f', procuring Iranquil Refer to R.K. Ca.l) purchase'of their settlement; provided tb,ygsl
his at ALL | any legal demands have entered into hooping ce-ugh. is and Henry Bond. their
against uiihout arrangements within
room near tic partncr&hi a suitable
corner of Estate of a rival. It
Monroe JAMES under Jnn. 17 18U9.
stroet and HALL 'lute ( firm of J. B. npoiate by : Former timewb&M
Jnfforson J- CO. zrentft expectoration 24tf
Washiflftoa < and and purchasers from the
'q are, a few door from County, deceased wi'l' may be given
Mr. Ilertholot' are requested forthwith carry on bosinrss of to infunts with i in
office. in thoir claims, duly to render LORS, both in this MERCHANT TAI! For sale by period safety. Leather, Lime, and Hair. arrears with their payments, t1'
Hand oai.gUt! frimef for Portraits arId to the B.IIIIO will mako and those indebted York. Arrangements,place,have end the city of New jan 25 26 JlAflDOLPH A. LEWIS. l l1UE Subscribers have constantly' on band! quested to settle with the Sub cribtr. or:will
II settings payment to the tern made for a Carnocban
for Subscriber
miniature" slant and full a con- ,complete assortment of LEATHER: during the season.

., jan 18 33 Administrator WAI. BUDD! Sings, etc. and ouppjy a large of Cloths, Cassimcips, Ves.-: flUNG NO':1C I fur Gin Bands, Hluness'C.rrlnge Tops, Boos suitable aDd! J.B. BROWN, -

lijontkellolltIs bonia nun. I !lothm, and thsy assortment of Rtady Nude D my absence from Florida, Barton C. S hoes. &c. Also a constant aupply of LIME Agent-Apalaehicala) Laad Coat *!
arc and
t"1181YI TITRE. January, '1840 ?3 8t late their ciistomen and now piepareJ to accouimo- n inpc of Monliccllo, ia niy agent and atlor- HAIR, for Plastering : Jill of'whicb -Office at Mr.E.Barnard's, TaUaoaxsee.
the !
1'.HI".man. : lot 4rrsigmtc4 of bftu' OB cousijfnmcnt, a NOTICE, called (or in theirline. One public of the, in any article et.jan lit 26 JOHN F. TUCKER.. l Yard.ow forcaih, or in exchange (or hides, at their they Tan oflir jsn4 !2 '

Good Furnkuro( &c, which r'liE Wade, residing in New partners. Wr. BROWN & OALBRAITH.
.ill be sold:|t f mall 1J "adraflc* OD' Copartnership" l eretofore zifting be. execute York will enaUe them to NOTICE. Tallahassee, ADg. I''tb.I 1438.- Territory of Florida,' j -"
factory tween J. O. allorderspnmptly, *
for pricu. W lJiama -tf
.nASH.. .. _..:'..aa the Tallaf.. _....._. _.;..;_.._ :.and._ ."d'John_. .K... Lloyd_ iu and j.on n.the most rea 4 LL those who are indebted to-tho late firm of Loon County*. "f 8'S.; Jiatk'es Ce ri
u -- w 1U '.ea BULL Gamble Joseph F F. Fot. 11Att
p '. U""i" lI/1a & Reid .C. Hartey, Lean i maist9vs.
lii_ I CO. the mutual' aie earnestly Soparior Court *
- caCtelllor bath requested .to .
pnrtic The business Iiay WADE come forward 1 :
T.l1ah8JI&CeN. and close their -vs.- j 'Daiageb
"f"'f lena/ter 17.1538. accounts Spring Term 1844
- 't .Partaereltip. be transacted by J. G. WiJJllun. .Lo &. iii immediately. W, E. \ wo; : J
tA nUE"U-qa.h.. thi. da y entered a alborUtd, to receive all notes and accouaU doe ..NO: ICE... jan 25 28 "B GAMBLE- .&' .Co. : *. Villcttaebtnent.f3. J > flBd.f.ndaMUdtW0i pusMI4

.iupLip! eo-.partaet.hilJ: .kt Jefiroi orikair into' !. the Mlubluhmeal since the 6th.of last March sod NOTICE J is hereby given; that I shall apply r \ defendant 'Damages fIOOOt *- ;- I ,.
; and
PCJWLJ"j'jI' 4; ,.' R. U. BEKIiy. *. ;. -A ply all drbU. .contracted by thj t aid Concern uoco J hav 1 term) of.Jefferwn County Court at For bale, '. THC ail other'person* i '-' \: ;b suit5..idpra
to are
the bernbjnstthsd
Jan. L' : \ .; ? 1'1 thaltioje. :. '-JOHlt4LLOYD: land. owped? jointly by my clf, He ONE two Horse Sulky Wagon ", ''.j.. th'Labole ot-thsiaatilutlou of
1.1Nc. ,
tJf I Geo su1t1 and
!: ,. 1. .'f 99; .: ;;. ; : tC "u.LIJtIl8! Dee.and Hear! Poop. partitioned: rj_ Complete.' .on* HOJVI 4a do-with:tarnei, ;&. I p lead tit tli* declaration are filed requested in & PP.!; .:,-tita
'ii\J eaU
t. 83f-18 P4NULRD : *t WMH, FRANCS CUf. i 1
N''* 8IJ li,193? .i.JOlJlfP..DUV .oi

5, ,Jan. 0tta, J 1840. '87 .Attorney iVrjfclqfjIT.; t

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