The Floridian

Material Information

The Floridian
Uniform Title:
Floridian (Tallahassee, Fla. 1831)
Place of Publication:
Tallahassee [Fla.]
Wm. Wilson
Creation Date:
January 30, 1838
Publication Date:
Weekly[Nov. 11, 1837-1848]
Weekly[ FORMER 1831-Oct. 15, 1837]
Semiweekly[ FORMER Oct. 18-Nov. 4, 1837]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 54 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
30.451667 x -84.268533


Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from Bell & Howell, Micro Photo Division; Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-v. 20. no. 34 (Dec. 30, 1848).
Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers, 1937.:
Began with Oct. 10, 1831 issue.
General Note:
"Laissez nous faire."
General Note:
"Democratic." Cf. Knauss, J.O. Territorial Fla. journalism, 1926.
General Note:
Publishers: Samuel S. Sibley, <1837>-1840; Gibson & Sibley, <1840>; Gibson & Hubbard, <1841>; E. Gibson, 1841; F. Flagg, 1841; S.S. Sibley, 1841-<1846>; Sibley & Dyke, <1848>; C. Dyke, <1848>.
General Note:
Editor: E. Gibson, F. Flagg, 1841.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 3, no. 10 (Oct. 24, 1831).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002060561 ( ALEPH )
10589672 ( OCLC )
AKP8647 ( NOTIS )
sn 84022794 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Floridian & advocate
Succeeded by:
Southern journal
Succeeded by:
Floridian & journal

Full Text

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'"i I'SSEZ NOUS FA tEtx '

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: QAUlWmo; Q. &IIill1L1ly. UA1L1! !_. dSII! La18 J1.fJvS7 mY ,eJDs: a'ilf.\Q. Qm a.o IIwe a 9i'1.If .
-- -

1jJi'Jjtfb} (tO 11fl15iL0G'grarnoe expense of the government, until they siI: !1 have been able to I God and our country, to endure all, to hazzard all, for their
l cultivate their lands and matured ... .}!.i '. support of their prnteciinn Whatever laws you may please to enact on this
families.: I hit't' curry confidence in the.justice, humanity, and I subject, Gentlemen, you'will find me ever ready to execute with
trnll-u.ittcl1 to the House, by, his private Sc- liberality, of the Government ; but in a case of such deep interest promptness and decision.

,f t !fr. Copeland, the following message: and one involving such inportint' consequences, I am For more than two years we have been engaged in war, and

EXECUTIVE: OFFICE, TALLAHASSEE, > not willing entirely to leave the ate of the sufferers to dependon our frontier presents one continued scene of desolation and dis

January 22d, 1833. SJJisldlit'C its charity. 1 therefore, proose to you, Gentlemen, us an tress. Those who escaped from their burning dwellings have
Council : additional security for their relit, the passage of a law, author- not abandoned their country, but stand firm on the verge of

izing the negotiation of a loan, fOOl the banks of the Territory, the ruins, presenting a formidable barrier to the further encroachments
ntEMES :-It is known to you that the frontier settlejfEast of such a sum, not exceeding QIC hundred( thousand dollars, 1 of the enemy. Such defenders deserve our sym-

and Middle Florida, and very nearly two counties as may be deemed necessary fa the purchase of supplies for pathy for their sufferings, and our gratitude for their services.

Florida, have been desolated by the ravages of the such persons as the designate, in the Let us rally in their defence, and save them from the further

,lc$ and fugitive Creek Indians. That the inhabitants event of a failure: on the part Congress to grant the necessary : assaults of the enemy. It is in your power, Gentlemen, to
been driven from their homes with -
generally the entire relief.The
accomplish much for their protection. Your militia system requires
their, means of subsistence, and that the have been sus- I people Washington aid Walton Counties, have peculiar an entire re-organization. I shall be happy to aid you

:tlone in their present destitute situation by the bounty claims on the Governmcit. It will be remembered that in your deliberations on this subject ; and, if required, I will

Government. The Resolution of Congress, by which they were living in peace, at a pint too remote to fear aught with great pleasure, propose a bill for this urpose. .
pf was provided,vests in the Pl'cshJentofthe United States from invasion, by either ,the Creks or the Seminoles. The R. K. CALL, Gov. of Florida.
Nonary power to discontinue: the supply whenever hem troops of t the Government have Iriven the Creeks out of Ala-

it expedient. The regulations of the \Vsir: Dcpart- bama into the bosom of our sparely (populated Territory, where
ised on the Resolution of Congress, provided for the they have permitted them to retain: almost without an effort for Sln.-1 beg leave to call YO'Jr attention to the regulations 29th April 1837.prescri

Supplies to the suffering inhabitants for one month onlye their e.xpulson : and the militia oidei-cd ont by me for that purpose i bcd hy the! Government f.r rations to certain inhabitants 01
close of the war. On the 29th of April la-t, cnnnri- I have not yet been p.iltl-ili-.ix-hv accumulating: :: the amount I'I I !ll'l, tIIJer' the rc'\oluriol1 of Congress, adopted for that
tbe report that the enemy was subdued, and being in- I of their 5ut1 ring?. i ii : } tit, h art clC: of tho P Icnlutions' i.. PIUpOSC.
:,: : :, ., :! : t provided that rations may
'' / 1
" that the supplies authorized by Congress: would be l1S- I i Let Us, !however, not depend} Molt: on the Government, but j
i to their homes, but that in no instance, shall be suEiphcii ivdE
after the time specified in the regulations of the Gov-; I I ids all we canith the limited llI 'all; ,.e posses'titr: t their relief.I : I II anyone
rations for a longer period than one month after the termination of
, t, 1 addressed the Secretary of War on the subject, aid: I My correspondence with the brrctary( of War, will also Indian hostilities. The greater number of the inhabitants who have

I with energy and warmth, the necessity of extending the show: how earnest, and repeated, hae been my applications, been driven from their homes, have taken shelter at or near the different
until those i for hose benefit it was intended, should! have :j I for the payment of the militia and Volunteers of Middle and military posts where they have been fed by the bounty of tho

I HIe, by the return of peace, to cultivate their fit.Itand!! Wot Florida, aid: the success with which those applicationshave !government, and such has been the unsettled state of the country,and another crop for the subsistence! of their families.: This, been attended. I first: addrcsfd( Gen. Jesup on this: sub- the danger arising from the marauding bands of the enemy, which
.:ned the Secretary of War, could not be done until the ject, on the 9th of February last. My correspondence.. was still infest the county, that very few of them have been able to return
A year. My !;solicitation procured an cxtuision of the continued with him until the 9th ot i May ; when I addressedth home and plant crops dining the present season. In consequence of
til the Istdny: of October! when a suspension of the sup- I Paymaster General. On the 5n of September, I wrote to this they will be as destitute of the means of support at the close of

as peremptorily ordered to take effect at all the military the Secretary of War, anil with hia I have corresponded until the year, as they were when they first received the generous support
of the government and if the existing regulations are carried into -
Foreseeing the I extreme distress and suffering the cxc- I the present: time. Yon will perenve .from his letter, of the I after
fleet being under arms during the whole war, and making
,of this order would occasion on the 23d; ( of August 1 30th ultimo, that a grave question: !been presented: in regardto I every sacrifice to sustain the country, they will be compelled to ahan-
ddrcsscd the Secretary of War on the subject; and em- the payment of the troops: ordccd into service by me ; and j ilon it within. one month after the termination of Indian hostilities,

every argument and persuasion, which this interesting i he proposes to call on General Jeflp t for an explanation of the ,j I for tl.i want of provisions, many of them have lost all they possessed,
could present, to avert the anticipated: evil. This pro- necessity, and manner, in which i WH done. After replyingto I,and unless they are fed by the government until they have raised
a partial result. The rigor of the order was amcliora-: this objection; I felt it my duo to address the President of i! crops to subsist on, they must from necessity, retire to the neighbour-
supplies! '\ were ordered to be i issued to certain portions the United States on the subject: a copy of my letter to II1.m ling, states were provisions may be furnished by their labor; such a
offerers in Eat: Florida, who were considered! mot t is also herewith enclosed.! I haw no doubt but that letter will measure would add greatly to the calamities they have already experienced -
by the \vdiatul would retard the improvement and settlements .
f. I receive and immediate attention. Hut as the subject
of the Territory. Hut as the resolution] of Congress providing
li"\iIces received an answer! to my letter, and learning the his: one of great interest to the }p<' ple of the Territory, I would for their support, leaves it at the discretion of the President to
i of the )people of Wa iinston and} Walton Counties, t suggest the propriety of your presenting;: a memorial to Congrl'rs (furnish the unfortunate sufferers with supplieso long as he may
i ed by the operation of!the orders suspending the issue I and to the President of the United States, asking for the deem it necessary, I have respectfully to request in behalf of the
.plies after-the 1st October; on the 14th of that month., I immediate pament of the troops) in question. The delay in receiving inhabitants of Florida that supplies may he furnished to those imbra-
.ii addressed the Secretary of War on the !subject, and( in- the compensation to which I th('y arc entitled, has produced red hy the resolution until) they s'lall have been able to raise a cropto
him that I had on my own responsibility! ordered the \ a want of confidence. ill the Government, and disgustwith subsist on. The adoption of this measure will save hundred of
T-master to furnish supplies to relieve the sufferings of\I I the service, which is calculated to produce the most inju- men women and children from extreme suffering and distress.I .

abitants thus left destitute of thc| means of support.' I had OIl:; effects to the whole country./ And on a. recent occasion, have the honor to be
/.sfaction: of receit ing an answer, under the: date\ of the when a party of Indians altac-icd the settlements within 20 Very respectfully, Your ob't Serv't.R. .
October, informing me that the measure I adopted had miles of this place, and it became necessary: to organize an additional -
II On. J. II. POINSETT Set. War.
,pproved by the Department. Subsequent to that time, 1 force for the Refiner lithe frontier, the troops calledon : ,

nt of the Government visited that part of the country 'I refused to to enter the service until their pay was guaranteed WAR DEPARTMENT! : May 17th 1S37.

\cr an examination into the !situation of the people, he by some of the patriotic citV.cns of the country. Under Sin,-In answer to your letter of the 29ih ultimo, on the subjectof
convinced\ of their distressed condition, and so well) that pledge, troops are now organizing: and it is hoped in a few the issue of rations to the sulTering inhabitants of Florida, I have
.1 that they were worthy objects of the bounty of the days, they will be ready for the field. Although, I entertain the! honor to enclose you a copy of the instructions this day forwarded -
iracut, that he refused to make any alteration in the !'..ysId no doubt of the liberal disposition, of the General Government to Major Gen. Jesup on that subject. The instructions have
'the supplies have been continued until the present time. towards the Territory, and am well assured that the necessary.I been directed to Jen. Jesup at Tampa Bay, hut to provide against
now received a communication from the Secretary appropriation will) be made Congress for the payment of:: the contingency! of their miscarriage or his absence from that post. I

sated the 10th instant, by which I am informed -that these, and all other troops, which may hereafter be called into j jI take the liberty of transmitting you a duplicate of thorn, which 1 will
thank direct arid enclose
race will not be furnished to the Inhabitants of Washing1 j I I the service ; in order to restore 'that confidence, which is so essential you to to
Your ob't Serv't.J. .
Very rectfully,
Walton Counties, beyond the 15th of next month. 1 to our safety at the present moment ; and to remove all R. POIXSETT.

: ,'erreason to believe that similar instructions have been apprehension, I would( suggest! to the Legislative' Council the His Kxcdlcncy]) R. K. CALL, Ciovrrnoi of Florida.
1 a General Je-:up, in regard to the suffering inhabitants: propriety of providing for the payment of all militia and vol-j

rentier of Middle and East Florida; and that after the unteers called into service, should the General Government' TALLAHASSEE 23d August 1837.

.>ore specified, \that entire class of our population, Snclud- neglect or refuse to pay them the usual compensation for unili- i I SIR.--I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the

.ny helpless widows and orphans, whose husbands and tary services. j,'I -Itii, accompanied copy of yours of the 3d inst. to Gen. Jesup.
have fallen in the struggle with! the savages, will be left The war with the Seminoles Las not yet terminated( ; and You arc aware that the fugitive Creek Indians for the last six months
te of the means of subsistence. Located, as they are, in they may continue for another year to evade the pursuit of the have t ready harras"ed. and destroyed a number of the settlements
portions the country, where the resources have been my. The fugitive Creeks arc yet unsubdued. There are !:: in West Florida. Many of the inhabitants have been driven from
than hundred of them in West Florida !! their homes, with the entire loss of their means of subsistence, andI
Ked by the events of the war, unless the hand of reextended more two yet dispersedill
'that small b.nnlj Iu.u l. allure UlUII oily IlUlldl} lull] I to ri-lievr their: distress have ordered supplies to be furnished themi
by some power, cither ol the General 01 <4 ii>t )rial Government, extreme want and suffering must be in extent. Past experience has s-lmwn, that the safety of the i under the resolution ol Congress! and the regulations of the war de
: vita le result. And those whom the fierce assaults of frontier depends more on the vigilance of our citizens, and the ': parlment. It was necessary for me to assume this responsibility,
: owing to the distance of the scene from the operations of Gen. Jesup,
my by uay, and his prowling ravages by night, could efficiency of our own militia, than on the protection of the armyin in East: Florida, an.I I his consequent inability to attend to it. The
ve from their duty and their homes, must fly before the the field ; and yet, Gentlemen, I regret to inform you, that, local nf.litia have been constantly under aims; and a number of skirmishes -
tivr necessities of want and famine, and leave their with a few honorable exceptions, there has generally been a delay -| have taken place with the Indians, in which the latter have
.7 to be occupied by the savages. When these hardy de- in raising troops for this service, calculated to destroy the always] been routed, but as the country affords convenient hiding pla-
"ti of the frontier shall have given way, the enemy will hopes and confidence of those who arc exposed on the frontier, I ces in every neighbourhood, it is not yet relieved, from these trouble-
',X., A new line of defence will be established far. within and to encourage the audacity of the enemy. This, delay, I i some visi.ors, and the people are unable to return in safety to their
'ssent limits, and new scenes of rapine and murder will Gentlemenyou must all have observed You must have witnessed homes. .lhnostevery m..le capable bearing arms of that popula-
ubited, where jet the alarm of war has! not been heard. repeatedly, how long it has generally been from the time an tion is in the service of the United States, engaged: in searching for
: and the Indians, Their families subsist alone the
driving out by
i i. Gentlemen the evil. order has been issued by the Executive to raise even incases
rou, to avert impending My troops
bounty of the government, and if that support is now withdrawn, the
,?mdence with the Secretary of War, a copy of which is of the greatest and most pressing emergency, before theyare men will be compelled to withdraw from the service, and retire with
th enclosed, will how JOB that the Executive has ex- assembled! and ready for servii r-e. It is my duty to bring I their families, where they can procure food by their labour. This
'd the last argument of reason, and presented the last ap- this subject before you : and it is the duty of the Legislature, : will ]leave that portion of the country a wilderness, to be occupied by
f feeling, in behalf of the sufferers. To continue his ccr- and indeed, of every good citizen, to unite with heart and hand I the Indians at their pleasure, and it will cost the government much
dence on the subject, would be but an idle consumption for the correction of this evil. The cause, gentlemen, is too I I more to raise other men and march them there to remove the Indians -
t, without ':e hope producing the least beneficial result. apparent. Your laws are deficient : they do not impose the I than it Mould] to support the families of the settlers who are now
in service and struggling with the Indians for the possession of their. ..
More united for disobedience to ensure their
recommend to you, Gentlemen, with one necessary penalties neglect or c.'
: homes, I have been careful in not allowing supplies to be issued"ta;iti .".r
Md action, to present a memorial to Congress and the execution. I am aware, that the longand distressing struggleon
i I those who have the means of and the number who are fur's;' ,
,:ent of the United States, praying that the generous our borders, the sufferings of the inhabitants, and the con- support
nishcd in West Florida, is inconsiderable. But the sufferers ;; "
"7 oldie Government may be extended to the sutrerinn''tantl stant demand for troops for this service, has been calculated to Middle and East Florida, arc in the same situation, the males capa'fiJI,
of Florida who have been driven from their homes, depress the ardor and enthusiasm of the people ; but so long as blc of bearing arms arc all in the service of the U. States, and con- II
iho have so long and so patiently endured all 'the calami- the defenceless women and children: of the frontier are dependent stitute the principle defence of East Florida. Their pay will not

'war ; that they may he supplied with provisions at the on UK! for protection, we nwe it to them, to ourselves, to support their families and they will be compelled to retire as loon atI

TJ..t..UU.TtE: ? 1 hh U.c. ts1 oW
TALLAHASSEE SGth. Sep. 1537.: |
This will give a wider scope Jet uith the Paymaster, General for the Sm.PclIastcr" Mapcsof the United Stare* army has I..;rirM1 l
supplies are suspended. the fron icr. I have SIR-Having corrcspon this for the of paying the'| :> jjf MM-Jfe! ,
will become ell I at place purpose 1
the interior desired ct, am now iin-
far in ( inn the : .n
without prud
settlements now last six month ; with extract from
and furpiV..ccl i an !,
this intelligence, to you, but so of the itnsU'.Uilvdclaims West: Florida. Ho Iai me tc III-
thought it my duty to communicate the ne- der the necessity of uddr-ssi"} } .tiua the Pay nie
is under my control, I have already given the Pay Dep.'tment, Middle! and! t\'ra Florida.: strut! +
far as the subject against : in nmocccdit'it: !. the duties fl'O":
thc suGcring much embarrassment: .
of relief to which! : .Uirwot"
mihtu: and volunteers, .
the system {both
have present : *
nessary orders, to after the ht day of Oc tcher next There are irany: cunpaui' and not\ ih- I him. The follovviii! is the extract: relerivd to. Can; sao! ::1 f *
inhabitants of Florida, suspended enter', the, s .rv ice isior! thj! : twelve mouths: since, taken that! none but volunteers and militia called out 1 l.y ,proper a.tltorhy .
in conformity to your instruction. I staiiding repeated an.l) finest I.citations to the Paynn ter 'II of thy! IJnlre.l! States, and duly
your ob't Serv't.R. s my iVum tiL! .:' g; i\mm1t muitM .Pf
these -
respectfully cojjjiidciahlu :
Very In addition to a
General they have not yet L t.t'll paid. : [ .'' Ti.e: Pay Master Gcacmlfullv
K. CALLHon. out and; out of t service: : pail( by vutt ,
foice has born rm'.nyed: at different: time hi: hunting! I of Mid l an.I Vt'csiFior'aStitle.lto ;
: informed: by me ti! : tall the troops: : : ',
J. R. POIXSETT. the! fugitive Clicks and in (Ifi'itdi: !;." tins !frontier :t;iiil: :"l tin! :;eti'i- I wert or.'cri-d I to '-c. vice 1 by t"-', :ii tl.i ftccutiv.; "..
nol- the rltnt'tll'ti rimmr, l- --t : nil!1 of whom arc vet uilpanl. : I ;pay. "u 1 le dL-.tnttioi: tare l,,.;,\e.'a .
8iJ7. | iMice. t'liL- Territorv. If t tlu rir to a ; r.y .t tthurtty ...
October .
lath i I1bill. .
T \u.AHASsnn, Tl.'a illl::r ;,:...inilw": 1 \\I'I iheie i is ju-M/ much c'o : or'" .,. : I.... II... ..H.*-... 1')1' loll'.t .![.r..:n0:* 1)1' c.-,!:;t ,r. ,...
Sm-Although I have not had the honor of receiving: an I thcrcioie! 1:1".t eainr il ly,1.lIt, n-pc"U..IIJ; ..1".1 ,1..1', P.VlUa.-: I I I :!.I' "':r HI :!.!th..f.. '.'..' Iru.ltc. !! ;,'n.u.t! 'I' :........ {.":.;:'.1.1 "+,.tdrgh.1alill !? "'
last on th. wlljcct of th ordersuspending oiden w.thoui! : I.tV te proceed! to this pldce Z.;:;ti pay I,I 7.,. :i' it I.a.l ,.
nriswcr to m letter of August tcr nav be nti'e i'rC tI!) 1): II. :::,! Utmt[ snc fits :1.1\1' '''' "' r< .
) thc slttrl'rin inhabitants vvhu-h have wen -ervice.i ..., :a..... :... (.:"I''r'r r Iris
the issue of provisions to j oil'all!! : ''I by. :'.I': 1 lUcr autlriritl tl._." tll": .IJ".. :'tCr : !!el't! ,'1OIuc
after the 1st day oi October, yet I presumc some 1 it\e; tl; ht.ijor to bofiiy ,' ,aort'Itlate! olccr! 11.1- an !' .! 1.1:i 'Ila. 'I''h'rC. : apt!..'t's :iT,,) tq

of Florida, of that order has taken place: hy the instructions v,.-{I'C1rull.'r: ob't\ serv'tlt.:1. CALL.Hon. ; .hita'tllty ih'1.1.: tt'. i o: .1.....,. 1..1 ..1 c.'.:,1 ..::1: I.f ,I'f\\
mOllification of 'Var.I TIc 1 I 'a'l }laster {;:..i.I:rul! hc,1.t'-.i i:, ::::::: .lt:::: ai't; : .\1" e,.. .

of the Department letter from Major: Jt :'es, the qnartermatl'rsttioned J. 1 11 l' Sc;:. <,.' V\ al tines: tl1CSC tn liP','h'lI t:.: :-\Ce': :...::I.:!:::t bi" w..j't..t' it"...

have received a frontier ti .'m r. irk the fllwil1( i; leS tlChai'I: ....,Ci11tlt'tUt 1 [b'-inv4{ .iu>..',;.....: oat, u--cjtr y t.tort: : &'icr ,. .
\ on the Suwannee Ex'clll'lh., has been furnished' Vi"A : D E r.\T.'r11'; .:;T, I WOIar! n.ntvr: n.v coi'i.sar.d. ; ;. .) tt> pc-rt"rr.i! %; that t'r.U.. !. t ;,. t...

an extract: "I presume your instructions extending () tolH'r IS.Ii: IS'-1: 1. II 1ru1)uCd: to( !' '.' i.l'l> iilC: ( ;,S I..::.:.'m clt'l\ "iiC' ;{11 ;''.O'

with a copy of the Secretary of War' after, the I 1st ol Sin-1 have h \Jlthp.! };11I10- t In i--i-ive: your ,Idler cr th _Cth 1. i'crritury ai'.J: tixnvlicii1; l 1-.; dft'.ie: t-. a.i-' .1.:1: ": !.,)Iti"c.

the issue of rations to the suffering inhabitants, ultimo, in iefrloiro; to the r.on; payi\t: ofct.-itaiu! : troo;)-;. OIt'UtlU.I- J/.1"! 'ti l.avobsjtn iILcIrn; ,,,,l.! tr.outhan. 1 i2 iitr.s! _\ic,i.- t'd:, .,j'I

October; in many cases, particularly to the member of the fam- id I I by touin :iliddlts! and WrM I i'lurJ l .:, and lran.m.t you: a n'pfJrt ( I the I W..'. .1\' M.j.itei'' tu.iv. .i.": cou.u!. ... t.;::*!:: n.... !:":" :::'.., I"-ti t : ".'I ..1.... It. _

ilies under 14 years, of those in service, and indigent persons, of thu Paymas'.iT! {;itrniMal, njma: the iij-ct.! '.:.-reh'i bufi.1. 5> 'll' onlv nr.iiter ../!':..:.f.,: C.,:,. ever l.i'.t- JM-IIV' ":!\\-i i I" I r

R.. _. <;? fir ns it- relates to East Florida, it was not neCC5 a- 1\'h,11 "the ringer l roll! ..t th! : tro.pi.hall\ : have.; been Iransmtttt r M I: i! v'luuld;I(I tl-ji-m.-d: ias'i'.tii'iont! : ( wKh to !1t. IniVrCu.i-: ,u. :'tr r I!.:;; .
vwu; : o..JU ... ,
that I should have been furnished with.a copy of these instructions ,\ ,10 this Dcp.utmeM, the proper ori! M i :,pwctm"' ti:. ir pyu.cnl 1 : : I! eirJy.a|I);,!i'.u'u'n may be 1 & "..:'!I:; tt; Con h'tI ry.s fj.r rear--- ;;'f'.

ry as Gen. Jesup \\111110 doubt, with great promptness, be pi m.llv)[ given, Y : n' rC l IHtfu1h': ;i sir tats" in.ty not t l.:. 1;:'I'l's..armd; / hlve: the.. IH'II'OS.' tw. .,.. Ir.; ...'...-. ..
be executed for the relief of the inhabitants (lq, Yr toast ob'i s''iv't. !. :h:.. itlt:a that j".ll ti.u...urdc'r. t. [)(.'.'i.;n,:. -t..i-.t... it :: .:.( I.,i.:. t.1h..Vf :!Cl:"....
them to !
cause j I ,J. it. iI.1..1. \ Ut 1'.I: I) la .1 t'iat all: lJr'1lPm'. I ,1..1: ..; r-t.;:
But in West Florida, at a point "
that section of the country. attention from General i His; Kvccllenrv It K. CAI.:.. .. 'Jr that NlCh .10{'r :.1.1). he yiyra, tl.t i : I....,. :ro..:'v. "d.:,,. i ...?jt ....
too remote to receive the necessary : (.U\.crtl'.r. l.I. ilurif.j.t H'I l .....d t ice, I. ;' n-.t. "t tr'ir.g Uili..: ... .I._:_\t... :"t..h: of t't tlc!: U. S.tte',. "rut.v, I.:./; i i :..
Jesup, there arc tvvo counties, that of Washington; and Walton, 1 -- .- 'I wii..I\ t11'i: .. ti' .t :..tiu th'! I!....; ..,. I i.r."t.. ;....1. .
which I advised you in my former letter on the stilytxi, vrcrcjiivuk'l i I, '.LL' .' : -vr r:,..:'7tH (Octol/'T I !S'i7. j jiiK ,I I- ; t..e: IiUt:!' t. IV.ry .w.

in Ti"V.cii-,' l'd h! ,' t1ia.' (fumiivo (''h r't'k' I Indians(I Ha\'e anil I I --i i ii ue lli<: :uunor! to- c..:I,"Sile'IIN; tl.e rc.c'ii': l (.t \ our Ii-ttcr';: r--; .'ct:';; ?k. Ym- .'..*:. S; .. <. .
(lie iiniatJiUuits nave been exposed to as mm ihuiircr, alII .
I'I of the loll: :: in.-t vvsth: it-. ar'nnt! '.;:,'. ill t (!<>i-un: .' : ... i. .t't. "".. '1" '.
suffered as much in the loss of lif' ;;.:\- Jf. : .c: ; ".' -
I I regr. vcv !much: &::1'(1 to : : .: .J..L cS"r b .r.1.
the eastern frontier. The population is ;parse and generally (it 1 t t.I: Mu- :
I iiig vou f.irtl.'T tfo-ah'n-: : wti:: fI'"lJ'I! t. I tu! ncr payment :

in indigent circumstances: having no other means of) living, 1 d.i tioopp, but H i is a d.iiv. 1 0',11'| them and to myself! ; to j.lacj il.o|; 1)!:t'.u.'l".Ir.XT H' .\; ; ;. = :'.:I h:.

but those afforded by their stork of cattle, and the products uftheIr !i. subject\ befoic I vou' it. tJ:,: ['Miit' I'-,:;!ht, eijlt'itdininn: ; no iloiibt: ,! .V"U \'..iU! ., a:,.-I hive t.!..<: Iionof t H rtu: ,,v.ltHl.-i; : mlre-i{ [ : : \ n.... .,

small plantations. The greater number of those capableof j i cause justice: ti-> be! ; t.c.'e'rr: : )'1/11 an c-nrietlly; i.-'oiiiifd.! <> t.e i ill..!.. in riM- rtto t'.ilJLII:e vier.iin I"n! ::' '.. : !. ';;J. at;

bearing arms, have been engaged in offensive or defensive The information! lun.i-hcd 1 I vu) 1 by tho! 1..: ;!>,iiT ( .I <-rd I,
operations against the Indians since their first appearance in thecountry giving: the intellti.'ence: .: VM notiircit.. : is r.thiilf..ti:d{ to pio.l ice /:'iiiy oi' the; act i4: 'VlIll, rt-ss. t>> v.'t.:;*..r..; bv :.!.!::l!:;';.:..
still engaged for although a number of the tnot eironeoti: ( onclu.-i jn.: \\ !liv. l.o dij ui.t i \o-j with' "i in- appropr"',u i.:..,:' r.'!ttlcli t....**rltft'-s; th''ii!, hm>l-. i .. .' -

/ prisoners, and have are been taken so and many; warriors bare been killed copies of that .nail oi mgt.{ coirt'-Ksndi'ncw( v.ith. him \\ !:i.h' wu-t 1.-- 'I tl\J..I..v.::: :=:!:": ,. !........d cuibe:: ;! :t : nt:i.E! -, l't-d..T.: : :: !.,-- ;._ .i;.:.......*.. ..,

in the skirmishes which have taken place, bands of ct, ary to Ltiabvou: I r! to 1I11..r.I.J'I II!:" !je.-t,!: Corr: :cliy. i'viii notpretend iiio.ev. to sticii: ti:)'..*[., ,. f-i'v:. .1.* l ,tea (";;n... <:; 1.1.;, .' i: ;
numerous and the inhabitants to .say ; but as lu lii: > }t.r.i! t:) do! :;0, i bc ; leave: ; << (;, cIumWln"; : 'f' i.1 ;'!f..t, l.i ill tiGti t::;; ;'.':; .,'-.8e;; !' ". : '. .
infest the -
the enemy still continue to country, keep fully to icfVr y'n to the cm-li'-d! \ .:"i>ies of my I Mien to lIilI. d.itrJ f ft P.:. :dlt ol': te! t;..::.>,t :",.:::.:;, vviiT'-n: : ir '.:,.::! :._ !r .t. "
and alarm. The
in a state of danger people ; the 2Gh; of July, amid lil.t of AiiriiSi' to ui-irh: I in lilt; : your irtiru- i'lf./rni.tilon: m now in :\,e (pu>s rs-ii'm:: tl' I'IT Ot'rI* :.,':.i! 'I..r i f .e''nv.hri' .

been unable to cultivate their lands, hence: they have made no Hltcr.inn.--It: wa-i not tnli/: !/ b! :id! to rercivn anir;"vver lo [p.'.y;;?ai yor srrfc t"* effee';; !, vv* :v .uH..1 I {.i; .- y.,!" >. ;.

crops, and arc destitute of bread, and their-cattlc have Lee the last, that I troubled you \\'ja: th: in i.iy !Intttn: 'r 1.1' thl: 'JGjiultimo. : r! ...:.. .t..t" "ih., 1.1....:.., 1 1.- .1 C.1'I ('C.t..l: (d! t,.) CNareii.i.! : :; ,. .it .... 't.. ;T,.

greatly destroyed by the Indians. Those who have been engaged copies will I ii.ssh, : yon.t le.ii ::: part! \'. ith the :....'..., tail:: t..II."lr"n: .t.I........ seer: ,s::iti. ::;::.t. :;k;.t.t.m:. ..' I r ..... :'..'..

; in the service for the last nine months have not received inioimntion: you sought: to o/t.H.l'! : ::>:n tin: : Pt.I; tcr! Gt'IIl'ral.-- :',} ) ; int.i > t.Ia! srrvto. ;:ttTr./re! :..eriMitt'lv t.,strt: : ;!:..; h: :r" :1 ,,, ...

a cent(; of pay, and from the extreme necessity produced by the They will{! inform yi>:i that th: tr'.lp". ; i itl '{"<-MIO.I.: \\ >-! >! ordcrrd! Iti'scrvirc .> : .1.,1'H:.1. : CL'IS..Jf: .
order suspending issue of supplies after the first of October, I by mo, for I th"I di-fois'-e <,." II:-: !I.t".:::ti. TIicv' Vk'i'l' ,..!.11.! .... thenecessity ...:'V.. tn'J.; ,, :. : r.

they arc compelled to sell their claims against the Government which exited: 1 for l..e! .JI-! :r.--tu'y \\"jil: -;\:>;!;::ii : ,uP i.. ': .-:t>nuby I... Pt. ::rET:

for the pay so long due them, at any discount, which the extor- the troops \\cr not re'sl.f; !: mst:: : 'ret-: -;nrl:,: il-y:! in Ih:>: *1.t.: ....*:f Cu.:.. *.>.. V* iT* .:., (sfjvvraor* v*.* P I. 'L': '.t.

tionate demand, in order to buy bread for their families ; its true light the 1 conduct lit f P..yaT>'.. r !'*ur.-vli. !I tli'" 'n p j "rhp! -
may from the circumstance most to be censured: for t the! : dU.iv!. wLfI.j: i ; > taLcn rrlacc! ill:1P! : t) !.V4 T..r.:.\:'-;:: ::, 17:!: t'-t.t: n.15. : :%
this is rendered less available i
even resource merit of the Florida 'l's oih., Stn.--I !;:ive the honor to :." .r..;::,.,;.. l-r1,.....- tt.:'-' rti' i..1. I .t'\i' >,mr'aof ,,"
sell in of the
that there arc no provisions to part With regard to the ncce.ity dfrrnithe; t! mllI; (': mls:! tl.1,1 hinplrin ; the : Olli IIlta.w.! a.-fotupant'-d '/ :::: ;a rij"t j 1.:... :., ,, \\I. '..-

country, and they are compelled to procure them from a distance. before the troops arc I..K".i/ > I CilC.:1V.' iht-rfr i- no l doubtful ;.:.'!:..rar: on the :ijert! i-i" ,ii-," |-iv .!,u ;Sroru rlv( i.: !I.f' o. .' .

This state of things, sir, cannot long be endured, and if they I point involved in th'i rav: I 1 .d ron-ier; .-i!l this 1 lwlatil.\! : the! :: '-.! I ::::-J \IHlt'r"! i:rVvII! J'.? :tid u\-t 1'I ,: ." 1. ii'-, .

are not supported by the Government to some extent, until they waived by the letter of the !'.r.-.v.vrr ( 'r.1!, dited I tilt! v-ti! o5 rccednriy: tu Iud'r; that! {"irt-.T: and nif v.n-fint ,'. :.i. ','

can make a crop, they must abandon the country to the enemy. July, of which the;. is ai-Mr.ii: ; produced! ii th i l'ayrHIt of lu s-j tr. o:..:. M It LI": ;, f '',. '.:.

Humanity requires that they should be informed of their fate: "It there are no doubtful pointj to hu s-d'.Ietl! l bv" tlc: accmiiilinofTiccrsi ;: :Ilstl'r r:-''ul.t t"t'.n ; L'CiIi, ;:n,5 21st A.: t.t.i ;:.t:'>, ::" ..

as early as possible, to avoid a protraction of their sufferings by as yon seem (to thinU, th p.imcnt; fall !1,1' iraiu 0:1 thu (fuinit-d 1 I.iiii 'I.. !>: tn>o;,, j:; '[iU-s'on.' ; v.-t r..ii..'t:(". ',".n.r.

remaining in their present situation without the hope of relict rolls retained ; but iflherc! are; it \\ 1I! rei .il.ty :&iiu tinge to I hue! by, rini the s.-n; '. U i't: : ::,! .,! was (''if'I.J.. \. uu. .. 6.-.: .r\.r? ;.

I have to request, sir, that I may be immediately adv iscd j of the the olid: placed in tbcii bin Is ;n sru'li as jir.nuVaM,:' 1ti.ti.iiCi'.U: 'd f to y.a.l:1: tv ,.I :"'r of the! 27i' !! vd.r.I lu/ '
determination of the Government on this important subject. I am informed of no doubtful mint in the ('as..'. 1 will! however that I"'I on this ICtii iav (,t' *',--u h'r.' \\1 un-<,.....ed mei..: .

Presuming from the letter of Major Jones, above rtlem-d to, for your irifornialnn: talc the factand there should be. IiH I p >v fatist'T: LI !I.ct'n ordered! : to 'K.r.e!.., for thi: l'ur"he; cf pi.ic;

that some relief has been ordered by the Department, I haveon as far as practicable, conform to the rules of the department All a'l lio's; li-;'uly:! entitlt-rl: Jo (...mlH'Iic.J. lVc.n th-: ll idSrrr.a": ,
ordered the Quarter Master General the troops( in question were ordered into service by me as the Governor : rud o.strked.I! tru-t yu-ir I Ixe: 'tft! -!?'V will ( sp.-nciK'f r.o inrchtlifulty rr
my own responsibility, of the Territory, and they nyc served either in the campaign: !from the su! of the Florida Militia: as a temporary relief to the sufferers, against: the Indians, or in defenunjj; ; the frontier si:.;aiiist iiivi-inn; Mijjpos"! that: n., further eri::";:/i aasnrjnt: woiJ! bi. preswffi.:;! I

to issue provisions to such persons as are designated in the extract Under: the laws of the Territory well as those of the United was, therefore, irreilly: s-imris.-d! on ths; arrival: uf the! pujiMi.V.! : 'I<)

from the letter of Major Jones. I hope this measure may meet States, 1 am fully authorized! to pvc such orders.) The fiontier (,r. find; !..!i'.ha: fulteied! liv tIlt in-traelions; Iflh" [p::'.-::: isf' r sP r.t.-I!:
with your approbation, but if not, I shall meet the responsibility i :Middle Florida has been harras-itd and annoyed by the .Scmir.ole; siit-h manner+ rf to prevent bun from pfrl'orininjr- : time re1'wu"i:

I have incurred without regret, as it was assumed in the I! Indians! dui in:: the whole war and two counties; of West Florida! y'UULid! iuM-rc': : me- he had! IJS.TII :cr.t to I'loiid't to dfosP.: ;: OJ

cause of humanity. I am sir, I hive been invaded by the fugitive Creeks since February I hist. To the Ilth of Dceuiber, I ;...:ed you on the H'lljectstrnctiGiid : ( oteey-\

Very Respectfully, ; neither of these districts has Gen. Jesup been able to :.:ire the net : and Yin now i informed! by your answer, dated 011 thtZ ..1uliUlo.
Your ob't :Serv't. I ce.ssary protection, and I have Wen compelled! to defend them with limit from the hiformrttum now in the p->-sessionpartmenf crl;( \k-

H. K. CALL. ] troops levied! for that purpose. Not Invini had! any regular officers .. it appears tint time I treojx, whose payment I "seeklottt I

lIon. J. R. Poinsett Sec. of War. j I under my command. I have been unable to Invc the companies regularly .: were called out by me subsequently: to the period when I etst96.
: mustered. I h:1frccIUf'utly applied to Gen. Jnsup for an command the army in 1'Iorida. ''rtill explanatior! : of the n (rte

I officer to perform this. : duty, and he has as often promised to send I and manner of cnl'injj; thesir t troops: ? into the service. are thefnecessary .
WAR DEPART.MU.NT, October 31st, 1837. !lone, but owmz: to the! want of officers, he has been unable to do and this will bu immediately 3clf! of Gen. J.c{

Sir-I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your I so. I hope, however, hy 5 the time the Paymaster arrives: this duly TiiLs opinion; so entirely at vari-mcu: with that contained; : iIl1a :r.'

letter of the 14th instant, in reference to the suffering condition 1 1will have been performed.! Hitherto) I know it Las not been ne- .. ter of this ICth of November, iu winch: you inform me thsf'I: !:
of the iuhnlil mls of the c..uUlIliuf WashiuSton and! Walton, !i Rveoary 10cnJ the r.u 'twr r..J lir; to tho Pavm.ttler Gcneinl! lu.fu.p.. .....afor b.... 1......> nj-d.r..d to .1'1....h:.., ...hh itau' iOl1!ii:
> that had ordered provisions to I the! troops were paid. speak with confidence! on this subject! because :I troops legally entitled, &c.. and that you trusted I would! was
Florida and
advising you These i issues will be allowed 1 know it has: not been the practice. Troops that: entered I i further difficulty on the su'!ject, appears to t.ave been for;'eOt:
be issued for their temporary relief. the service last winter boil in Hast: and Middle Florida, were ordered the report of the pavmnater f'nrcontalUin) an c.'l.tractr( a!

; and the supcrintendant of the system of relief in Florida ..1 out by 'me. In the Hast they have been promptly paid, while I letter to you of the 27lh of October) which you bad previoussvvcred -

who has been furnished with a copy of yotir letter, has been: in the :Middle District, with the.-xerptiou! of Mviicl;'* and Hvjua' in the most satisfactory. manner. It is s-mewhatrtsl':
directed to confer with General Jcsup, and if that ofiicer( think: companies, none have.been paid for more than twelve rannths.t .- able, sir, that the information contained in that! letter w hen dhr

it proper, to despatch an agent to th- 'It. .' ; :"t of country in question t Many who ere poor have sunVred from the delay; and not a few i you, add! when extracted by the pn" master general, shoadl:

to attend to the issue of ration : ''o .' inhabitants, in conformity have sold their claims from necessity: {for whatever they could I. produced such opposite and contradictory: results; the 11-

to the requisition recently pre: l'J ..,ed. get. Every:: thin:; in my power has been done to procure i in which I addressed! myself was too p.'ain! and comprehend;re6
the payment of theses troops without effect. I have now I I admit that those "
Very respectfully, I of doubt. It -lated, in express terms, LWr-
Your Ob't Serv't, placed you in possession of all the facts. and I respectfully ask of l been ordered into service by me. and whoo you read myte\\try\\ :

J. R. POIXSETT you the application of the proper remedy to correct the evil complained must have understood my meaning as perfectly as youf tt

of. I am sir, very respectfully. read the from it fiirni hed the nayuasteteec': :
His Excellency, R. K. Call, Gov. of Florida. you extract > by :
Your ob't. serv't. and yH, after receiving; the extract, you say. '.rrom Ilr: _:?
lIon. J. II. POINSETT, Secretary of War. II. K. CALL. now in the possession of the department, it appears," &! -"

DEPARTMENT: OF WAR, January 10th, J838. -- the infOrmatIOn had not been in your possession beforeThislurnihesanalditionalproofoftheliltlealtcntion iliu
Sir :-In order that you may make it known to the inhabitants WAR DEPARTMENT, whichte**'

of the counties of Washington and Walton, and advise them November 16th, 1837. p.lidto the repeated solicitations I have: presented to jouanithJ!?!!

to return to the cultivation of their farms, I have the honor to SIR-I have received your Idler of the 27lh ultimo, and! in reply master geiifnil, for the payment of these troops, in my'cow
have the honor to inform{ that a Paymaster has been recentlysent deuce the 9th of lat and conllnueld
inform your Excellency, that subsistence will not be furnished you commencing on day May ; ,
< to them beyond the 15th of the next month. to Florida, with instructions to pay all troops legally entitledto til the present lime. Permit me to otTer n remark on that JW II

. g-- : Very respectfully compensation from tho United Slates. I trust your Excellencywill your letter in which you say that you will ask of GcnerJful

.,. Your most ob't serv't experience no further difficulty from the subject. explanation of the necessity, which existed for mys \'q?
. -t. J. R. POINSETT. Very respectfully your obt. serv't. these troops into service. I entertain for General Je3U1 the
J. R, POINSETT.His cat respect, and the best relations have subsisted between uslfurC;
His R. K. Call Gov. of Florida.
ffefe i Excellency Excellency, R. K. CALL, Governor of Florida. the whole period of his command in Florid! But, sirolo l"tho

.ii.c.1 Vila the Exccu1i'cutl: ril}' of FloilJj, so 1 lon a I it'.i3: srrxice oftiia U. States since its passage no niaKcr. hy whom ordered have pursued. have informed him that: in the month of February

1 :., of! ihi. ToniUtry require mo, in cases of invasion or izjssu- into service anJ is confined iu its itsietro'pcclixe operations (pro- last, a number of fugitives from the Creek nation sought

:* '11t. jocrJi'i' *."t the tmhli! s'> long a- the army fail to jrive tar !I I I vjJcJ for 5a the 6th s C1O:1): ) to those troops only ", 1t chi were "or- refuge in Florida, and by their ravages had nearly] desolated

"7rv: !j" tiTtiun: and! our ('ilit'n.: ; arc murdered] in their own :! dereJ] : into service hy the commanding\ (;Pl crll: or governors: of States two counties, those of"Walton and Washington. A single

f' .'".. l b" theava: ;!es x\ui 11 Ins fr
"' l1IU!,'mof J ill-* w'rt4l; : "+'j>< iliiifm, x1.111ui.t! !h,viii to ;, partment' I do! no: : therefuie! perceive the. j'lq-riety of the remarkco.v.uined : thc .' were too remote to receive te least protection from the
1.4! ;' into ,. ud bhtl! !! in : 1 letter ()f'\: h I tilt, Ill uUich: : s I "tbeappropri :
1 ,.tj:! <1 i-:\' i'uu! \. I'V >i derm;? nt: IliJ ; scrv; (>; : I your yoy iy of Genel:11 Jcsup operating b the PenilUula. I informed -
;!,,! !:1 ,';.i a
:(f. '.3" .. "' Ol. tail t'r three; .,;': i.ite4 i mules I'rialu tn! see It.., '.\li-n 1 !' of {hit kind cu-ild he m.r:1: restricts the app'-raliunof! t..e: nhllt. -J him that I Lad: been compdlcd to order ser-
:.i : have been called!: } oat ltv l the .!irt "Jpp.: vice, and that they had been constantly: : under arms: iu defending
1 ;, ni": Kq'.mrtl Lrfatc I uuh'r ihem iatti s=rnieto, save t'.iei NJCI troops only ::s ; ro1n111::!i :;

't. ;, .". ,.. '>1l"! lvn". :'1.l It *
.''f ("VlM': :!. -:t' ,' I\ rtii'tVU! tHl: t.'li't-1t_ 'li'eit1t11''It t',, it.:, j.' t.'U ?t: tcs.:: And if your cullru ''ion oft ielavv lv <'.'. :r'ftdl";' c:.iIi 110- of iif ami property: v.hirh! that warfare had occasioned.
:: \
.t :: !"etp. !' \; 1!;" ,: 1r4i.H1:; ,n'n (ir/'d ;'i +'i (:,:. I ;: i m .j It.-ii. .1.-I". <:1,1) nr aay other p'Tc.tii lur a 1':;:!". e\i'' a J .' i:: .1 <>f !Kt:: ncr. :,,: .:. td ] le;;r.vftssav to ;. u", sir, that this sf.nqglehus not yetlermlnatv'i

.. f'.."I"Ii t"!:". "t."I.'C.I.' ."Tt'Ii4'r >! {J.J'.J 1 ;!h" :,'.t'.. .;/ Ji.lvh 1.,... .'I .. L... ..... : ssil".' and 1iaulll'r..f rijr.: !!; :-: s!. .'>' 1, .). .';'i, tt : i.: :-. i >If n.) niaitcrjr i : !. It h is *t'I]: ] ueccs-nry to keep troop3 in the field in

:.1!. t. !. .. .',':.1. :.t ,.1, t'I ':'t tf" ...., 1 It t,.... ... :. .', _.'.: 11c, ., .' fltl'1t .-. l| <;r <; ;rj n. ;v IMVC L'ecn the nece '-iy I : er !h!
.-''. n .... ..LI'" ,4!' E:: 'r" Ii; 1 :: _tlt+ U1't;., I: 10; tlt..tadt I I J ,IPtu14 {'. ltiruaitvih!: :! which) ihvy v.ere rai-i.-ii:; !, no-having: had 1 ut "izxriu:s !| uiK- more: Creek prisoner-: makir.: hi all about one hundrediiui'.v
1 .
.' t" .TUoitiTi" from lie! President of the lijlic-; l ;State.the! ,
.. '4llt ir9 nv)11tt3! i 1a.-t J ; troops}
".,. r. \\ r. : U." 1':; f'; : t'; .t H' '' > 'i in cs.-ody! !! ::ud Ih'.TJ'arc-\rt' urtny more to he subdued;
v ,, i. :';', i .' r" h'i *..v.rt".1y: .1) -rsi U iei')!Sr feM.,;'ll.'r eltanllil't: II.mJea'd iuto! service hy mo suhsequont} Jo my! ht-in? relkvej: i.i comtna )- I i is situation of West Florida. The frontier of
,. nl I !him :! "i.j! of! the coulil not !he paid! will mt t i'h.-T I hi i.hi; j.'i on the; I i such : the parent
.. ... Os t':." iil.-l '?: .\' :I<:"!, t .iOJse- :a.: a;: tilt army ,
I .:,., -, i .j ;.!, nil ',!/"ne.! ], **l Iwn Cr'ttl/..U.'*J S1 .::4 !!,l >-tilij"-.,: !. IJjt with 1 due I c\jjoct f,:r yiir thlait.r.: permit ni"! to !saviiiu. ,i; the ?.Iitlde!! Di j>trirt is; Mill in a more exposed: condition. In or-
.* : .* t find] ftirh lrcti: in the! lavr I hi-Ht-v tii! ( i' tier to give ou :i conprch:::siveiex' of the sul jest permit me
.; .. ; ., ..1 3i: .r.ij I iu" 4jt.u. %'.} + (f, \<, 'xitli-! 1 it Jiu-;; ;.;.! ui! : no r '= : ).i ,f.or c i :t onCre s I :- ,

,_ .; .. '..j.: i.i.' jiunuir ii.i.l .*iv.11 ;- 1 utu. !i is a iv.,j-jlr sjrer] I ;'i v.-jjli a true l.nov.-led-PoJ!; tic! iuitin: : or! this:: Territory for the.I toimite your attention to the hall of Florida. From St. :Marks:

;. ? ."'... !I"< II l tlU! :-' 1'\4". .** (.'"['i'l" < ...'Zt ..f th('*;: : 1 I.'a: !I last t\vo wears: \voih! have incorporated rich a pr. vKon! :: iit" e!!->cii !, to Tampa Bay, nleng. the -.hole marchi of the Gulf of >Ic.xico,
I i :;!<';:,. The oiecutixi* ifth/lrrltnry4! ti-: ( otn.n'iiul'T! ii: rhi"f i iklrrncstiicrc 1 I inhabitantsuthin 15 miles
,'. ,: : ::1' \.i : ;:: 0: ;t4'u4-! -1 tnlittttiE1)i: : I : .\a-: yI I;; one \'a=t ; are no :

.., ,. x. ;i. tl.:::! 1" 11 r 1.... : I''ti-: ** /. ..! s-! .. awa'x ill l"t t.C: i'iLi j tar th:; liliti.: ; has, aail fior.i nC"I' "it:' ;!llit'I': } a'ltln'/lty! :! to call l ltruuli I:'icf the 1 sea I board I, atu 1 nil} t'-at part of the I cointtrv beinjr interi -

.. ;. 1 .:. .!!!>'. (.;. t: .': th: 111!: :,'. .\:.. a.'rinn. ,'.. .J, in:') service K! his desert isurnatl.i'nJ: thy !frontier: vttleii.jnls:! : I t i .sected v.rj!h swaUmns end ir.r-e; :", it presents: an avci.ue* -of approach -

'.. '.' Iihl' : .' ..I.jf'tt l'IJ"lfl-: i.'n Filb.luw' ; :: : I \1'h..ue\ th. y .re 5a: dant'r; this! is an : :jt'ority, "hi.It its: sil-.vayi:
.. : II ; : !t for l\if\ {Indiai-: {from! the heart of their tuition, xvitkin ten
1 Ih';.} i, erri't1:1nd: ha ; U\'j' n !':1 tcni.! to 't' (i.lVCi ;-
,: : h !:\>'':! <:r\'u 11')11t i .' 'it' li'I-; '. taut h the: ('t- say I Iv.t-Ive! tuilesof! the Capitol of the Territo\'. At the distance
.. \ uor i. tins! UaiteJ Stiles. And 1 beli--vc I'M.- pie 'nt i< tlio: fir..i, ando |
; ., I... a:.' .I! 1: ;"i"IH't.: !!4'Jt r1it't I.:1rl's": *
I oftvvc.ity or tiiirty! miles 'frr.mthis: : place \vilderncss becomes
.. ; I::' b.anr." it Stich! n ob. { :!!'}I1 bas 11t. !! JI'qc!!! tt' l\.i\ inn, I! u".t
. : .': ::i: !II' !It' f.JJ'tli'ou'd( : 1 :i.r1m' U .d'r It'I ; r"'II:1; : "
''I!1. Ill after thi i-ii j:! f l more o\ir-sive: ; lid ; from forty to t fifty and one hundred miles
otleu-5 s-Tvioe. h. !
,, .. : 1n. : : rut.) > ;" now s i vpi.iimluttl : : ,
:.;,, : : ..' I : ;;1 '1-1:1'; : ; 4', tit .1.t' : :"W, ; : .:i. 1ti \. : .
!I >ii a4I i\t\v .'.Illlt.'riu 1 (.I'411e : i I...': ajiplrutu! ; is> t<, .rot2; f ;.r tilt:! pax- i j invit! I!:. Throupli, tiii! > aj.-proach! : I the 1 frontier of Middle! Flo-
," 't. , : .. will ol'ihu n\>-.j>' qavbtion: .I'S.l:!11'i l->'-:> no t'.u.ehj: : :: !'t-: s.Is! !-j invs''f : ri:: !: has: been hatrafsod: (Uinnir: :' tSol'war! and! a number
'. : :\1:" UWa: ,,1'" 1t at'al a -ct;J ia i ::; 1
t'> ntiuti! <'r Had l a hi/aer} i : triEnha'', and I I hjls tint c". :>'.- in my efri. 4 of f.T-.Ties! : and 1 a I larire r.mou: .l), of )fopt'rtha'c been destroy-
... ,'. ,'" .. .. ,= :., ..: .. : ; ,-. 'r.1'; ::1.. .. ::;:- | ,, .' (
' i Inri1 1 \i: ; -Jrr\.d I ( iLe! s't'r" '. :t'il i militi;.' .I >t _
: II Ir f' .
; .
> 1. tnuotr.itiiu1:1 tli Seninnle'tatlou.: : will
.. .A- to .
: : .
..ti;.a, tne --
: '..; .:: ...J:1'.1': : : J.V1 j'---4
4.t'; ; : .k. .
"dual-la! *r\'i I i,Jc't this time I::'::r :to" : :".t ::1 "-'rl ice, empliyeti been !! defend I" 111 Florida since the
; have compelled to HI ,
.. I .' '. :., ,; ;: :.. ;' ..: :.1 ; d .: : ; t'i iH
; inpr-tU'ciJa-jr: : the fiua'.i.T: Jg.aot::: : the :.S.niisJes! in pursuing: j4i9C j At the
.1 ,'. r.'ommr'nel'lll'nt of hostilitie.nith: cur ow n troops. present -
., I' t r. ,, :: "t f. -f' it L'i 'u. .u I
: Jixjljve: C'eelmli: u.arid i lt) uhnli.i in{; th" jirisom', they: 1 l.l\'I.'j j l
-; ,, ,, ,, ,, ;, moment \\ hen thi' cotnmaiuhn: Gl'1! ral1 h.a an ovcr\vhel-
.. : :
.. : 1.1 ; 'I" : : : ', <"" ; } : ;
t'.i! : been ial'orV.her
;" ucJ; ah-.ut tats) iu tir.abcj.! I have inarninjr -
; : ; :i4 ;
c: 11,1.
\ .. .. ", '. .' .. : t..1. v i -?' '. ". .. (..': ... '1 I| ''j .:;..,.:-i i iI. ... 4 w.;...I 'v' .. :!rl.!' dId! .1m. : tlli' 1:ist !].I Shift t, thy I )1 wansti3ln! : t\vcnty'L'i {! mint [force( in tse! flel'sltliln: : ten :miles! of this place tIt! :: !inhabitants -

l,.: r ; .:, J ,.c. I '_ i:: .::- ..::i.l:! ;: : .p' .. II, 'ff""C..t! 14r .Lc.. ,. cc!1 cf tvhiuc:: i : ;ec\posed to great danger, and I Hm nosy organizing an
.t. .: ,". 11":?." "!..t"C fIacid: -"c j
:'. :I.. ':; :, .', *. .; i i-.j: d I .M.M, < r. n .: !l.a-,t' "" rc- : 9' with tLc! (1 :a' t.. "'If !. )n-. CS r.n l force f(>r the I piotcction! of the I frontier. The night I
r. j :slut so: '! uJ 1B nwmLt;. ; (' ruction !.
.. t'' :'.:.. "t *' '''*" 't :; "-\1\: Sd; l fir ". '. ."' i-/.PI. ,..X1)'-..''t,. )''rt .. :an,-''-t'ti! is .a r.
., "".J !47' i S.iiU ,..." l''.': H .l: ::1 1 I V ...i..t.: ', *4l \". t' -I :,ti!!if<'3., ;OJ,lj ):itddy J. :,..1 this :iorlii'!'rO/'ii'* -re ::t".r'a!iy i in:: pur-j(j| i'je:: petth-mcr.t} tv:ihiu lt-s; than t'.,ell:, miles cf th" place: routed

.. ..1 t' I".H') ,:" 1 I r' k !i. .. .. .., .t S ; ttCill.'' J a1'! ,j. i:: -I... of iCveraf! !live* and the destruction!
S\-.SM I--N
:oll1t Ui ilio "11\ d:,!.'**. 'I",It.\.' have d.U prcnj! 'V ::.1.: : .: .1\- four iV.niHelih: !: : '
.. \. ., .. .., ,.. .lrl '
t 1. : ,! :: ;! 01"thi} liotifcs ad: other : A -
,. .... I. ". .... '.,..1. ,'.". .. .. J .. "..'.. .1..1'I. ,. >."....- sc.-.4 ;; :.rJ :r propery... "
: ,
.: !( : : : air.Mc'd: fro::: the !::.::._ : !::tt' neighborhood! I'; nown pur.iit -
: .. : . :. t'. ,', !. :: ': .
; lj
"r < -9 ''' : !
nail! :!:'', "uJ .....h..-! un !SSJN. o\\'n judgment 1; u-J : : (7\;a : ; )"shry* (-f i t'u' f-r.; ...1',1! I am {-..::.h-inorin'r: to cr-v.nizen,: perma"tt -
,t.: .1.1'I; : :;:;: ; :d'ji.t": i "ive ( ft'jiHi! out a-ujfR! .na! troops to }IliOlt:Y flat: !:ra.!; uonvnjd But from
; the frontier.
,. .; : .r. : d..j'; .- : :," c n:1 I!h of Ali i... ::, 1 ji"t'e'which: v.Ill!! ei\e! ::CCttt: to
njiih.i 1' i.T.V.
tliHuieu: :; from t4t': SHt r.r.ayeji. ;: raa.; .
.. ; ,: tIe atr! t'4..' ::to: :u- tci! -)\' v.hich!! ha- attended the paymentof
: : -:.T-t: : i' <' ; n ,,'j'1'! '- unju-t
I" ri' !'a i ,;.j's. you toy: .1.l <_rtfer c-iU: : osi fa;; ":!. Je.J111 i-r a J'.n ; 'j.faualio.t"fit w
.. ih, ,. .. those who! served than t-iuhtec i :: I!:CJItS!, iisice: of
II .:. III' :.a: : 1.4 :; ',:-t.l :'! /, : 4 <- ; t': tt'Jt'atfsiflltfti c-j"cslsj; : :: :.: t.i-! : 't. :,j; .> i..J ; : '.i ice:: I :i tcre many

. \. i ; 7 ; 'J.. ;.4 ... ;., I : '; : '- ,:i ..;- <'<' n1': .' ;il t th''pMS''aic. +'l*'- *, j 1.tU'.- "1:11.1: <' 4f..t.! i:' ,'e kt f i.-y: -Iittv: : ; t') objx our Citizenme! pnjtdcf.J :icait: the H'\! ice, ud I shall 1hlcl11)tiihl

:. ': ,,:' :; ; : :, : : : .::1;': .II.. .-. U,!'. ,\l'djaj Ili., '. V ". 'il h>i:114! > <; : ..". .Ie 'uU i:,.'":..'r ii.ia.its tin.* I (l1fill! :: }, lilra! il:, tlC Ill)1'! of I trivp= thlChl! the sittl'rten -

: ; . ", 'j ..... ;' r-1: I ... i-> !:}...)- .1....:{'.(':, < !'TJ.C ir C.L..v-: .::hi5," t.V.:;:. ,. ''/ ".". .-. fif me t' (..t't':",. ('0'_"..'1.."". l'I."l': -". 'itr1f a.1.1 1 :. leS; other indi'idl -

I . .; .I Ii ,' l' 1 ', .. ,";p : : tire
i I the! and!
;.: ..i:: ; t an-! ikcLaah! : ::st ::.:.: Gl\lzIHl 1 ; y ; trust, rt'.N!' I::vfn"\ j. < ) !?;\)! 'I"- I"I': '!.i ef t :men,
.'. :. f! I L : .1 1. 1- .--t..i'i; !Li ; I :...'. Ilur t..J.j : : : : Mil Le If th which! :
f .. .;.. .. .. : .sit:: i.crobJ : : i !I',. ..::-. nu n:;: one cor:" :r.y : troops
: J luxctiie !li"jor fot'f, alrt' lv served! could receive the to xvliicii thisare!
f !
!avc ( pay
. ..
\ : t I. l'A< : i. ; : :1. : Vct.r c'l't f:. f ventitled
; i Very ifsMCiru5v. :: -xi. the confide! !have lest in the
I it.Otd I renc'.v nee they
I \.," :: .: I .: t- I. .. ? ..: .' ... j ; .; .I.n. !!. K. I', t i L. ,

'. .f"I.: i I! t \\n ui ,>"' i .i" i. t:. .' !i .,.'i1 int'V. i! H SfcuofVar. I Goveriittirnt, a'.uh'V! !:. x/culd! :repair! with cheerfulness to the
i +a : :n'T'f; ,
.. .. I f fJl: f' !he of th': iron tier.: Btylnc! they are fed
i'I f : ..t .J.: 1: : ti. i r.' I' I ::.\' r ( ::i\:1.\ : .' ; r : j.rotrcli'.n
: ... . '. ,.;j ; \ 1 t i '. : r ,. .. .. .. :I I H ..!, I!i TJ.L.MIA:>._. EC: Ij-i! JauiiIBSS.. i j nil ttnav.iilin: : :..' j pr'Ji.'isC'3 i they u- well as others will\! naturally f feel

'01' ,,' ...t :. ..' t.' ., t. .. t', l" "! l''J j. .c' ,I 1 a di.-respect for those! by whom they have been made! and a
i .:-At the 1 prc:-. 'tn moir.vutl."ii ()t.,' 1t nisn.ui oclaiui cc. rU3
: : t 1.: 1":1' ::1' :..' 1'y: ,. f. '. '1' ; ; of tune I that under the jijouu'iit regret!: a:i
.. i,. ". .':I'J.j; ..'r;' <.;,; h. .j :'I.C :1: :: ,: f-very adun-titf: your rrlntlve ti afibiri: i'the Tcrri'tQJ'V. i < aid I the t fee!in ITS of humanity: to give protection to the de-
:: ; ..' .4 t ;.;.;;.:. .. ::a:1.J: C 1.. : ; : ::.U-U1, f4. isi : Korc..iy fcnceewomen! and children! of the frontier: and I call
: : on you
i I.. ,i. .i.t : } ..)h-: 4 ..:.: vi.--h: li'r riJ: attlilliutat b-.u; : that ,.!lte hu-i! I hare hl: !111 1 :::1.-! respectfully! but earnestly: in the nr-me cf the people of
1 .. 1 I., t 1.. .1: -ft ,. 4 1: i:1 'l aI'.i *.1....iliii 'li{).)c of : .\ o ;r 1- ju v : i-
j r"rna! ; :!!rI11! i ::-! cl't:1: ::" llie lead: cf the nation, that JUSti.ev.ijjch -
.; t .t :; II', ':;' : .1.1'' !1.: .: : : 11). .1.1 iH..C (*ru 1 1.,1'.Jt triahi'V!: J prO .;!1'1* !:'vi.tJJ Jtii-r !in.r'.i-: i;: :.r. "> (11 l" the I (' 0- v

.. : ; \; .. .. .. .;. t. 'r_,r oj' "; ;. HrII"Jt.: I < ;:rve :. ou }Lf--xvhi; a fti .r tJ a J Ivtltr J !havejn l 11::, been) withheld! or delayed by subordinate officers.

. ... I hav',. !jf rtie ,... ith : ', thnriect I: ",'. ilil'h'C have
li'i., .,' I I. : :.' : \ ." .1 "" ; :---: t .t :Kj'In'->''.! lo the} 1 ?*vt-tnry t)f W;'r. hirh! t..H1/rho/ .v n ; patlonr. ; expcri-

,: : .' : '. .. t : ..:t' .., ,. t.. 2! t. al .: :L! t'( :: l.,;:.t .I L1i -.JU:{' Men tif the 1 .-Uut'iloa (,f tl-} ('ol1:1n'. :nit 1! l.i-7: pih.-irr-s: >,- jenced: until it can !:Ionizer! Lc fntlitrcd. Duty to myself and

",!-.' i i.<-. !j.4 ; I'1 'h .: .. ..N V.ih'4: ;. ,.t..t., ti i.:. \>1.:>..- ... ti !wutsv'.tlnliicli: 1 roiitcii' A part 'f t" i'i+i> \' 1 tlltl'S.r> ;m-'l 1 t..ll'. ;;, thy! of l'lirhii! !: no ]longer:: " me to be silent.

;, !I" ,nil: 1 t.' : : : |' ,1.1! : ,f :jliu ,:1."t lalil't/'1 4-1 !]t.C.; 0: !"ere S into 'crxlce I lot' ':I4*: uhi'v! I t ( .em31I.t I il 1 thf'! nnniu : .\ ')'Tuedvh'frlirkl., :.! !,.-- <-ft th"! sl!:!u !_ htereil women and! children! of
.. : ti ti i :l''t v'.ji-t.i; i i.:.:t, ..
\ :
I .i3 r-"i"I"'I -ji l : "j"! this! fiomkr sound tlj of those who
is r.: : : : reprot'cli
: 1'lorula I In ti'1! \ear; lS3t, n:: jail lh'! )>'' n lai Id.'a'l'! : : t are reponbe. -
.. I.. 4L4ii ,i44 .It \S .l'a:, ;. ;' :" '10 ,!,: it! ;.. ',j j"'I .I. 1.4(34. '
t ,. : ,. 114.1.. : 3 ']ordavh: :<'i: I i Irtxc! !l.c"n.! {'< .. : 'lle-S :-II--! 'tuistto! that ti'tic : : l.l'!: ir; blood will 1 red upon the I! hands; of some of the 1 authorities -
\ ; :: I. 7 :irp;'i+)U 1'1 jl; r.: WiLt t't.: .naHa... '.'..' i *
:' : *i.HCtm..nt. UI,1.; .:." UccC.n' jJJ.1, rti tit fails: tif-. : to onhlut f-jr I'M'
: (I'I] ; .HI.j..t! 1 toh.u1J: 'It! o.ur in.'jj i'it'; tot'niCt'. : : -tajlinjr! the n pHedm: 1 Il"'rnl.'t i-olitiuttiot! : ; I lia\v j rceijti'l d i ;ne I:.}' dtt\! : ;. I have (!one all in mitt. power for LIre defence of

1 ;1 : t: t'; .:.. ...1 ill(1ustal8J: etli.d uct' t" dosed in me byline to the proper (11 l ''parti..e! ufthe Cnjiinieist; for tlc pur- the! ct.atrv. Hlcn l1 lirrt entered upon my present station, I

;' !t. ,'.:, : ,,1 t :: t'c.ltH1 I :51a1cfi-lf i 1.,+1'c (lJrd'a.,j 1wnp: illlHIIIH'f' I po cof uompti..ltng-: ; ,,; ()' ,jl'.t. Ouoof :he oi'jections! 1 JTCfptited curn.tuctd :an earnest correspondence with the War Department -

Q ..' .5 ahi'tul9\ ee:1'ie" I /tap'Ql-Ii't\ : : 'It him ou my to the payment: cf thc>" t:
:!. l 1.1: t ratnot: lit!. \u Ur: a 1 li-:, Ui lisut C'Q'i''d;; I < mmterl'l,1 in snnl out < f the M-nice o( the United: ijfiu-s. pointed I'its exposed! and} dbtre.-scd\ situation. That} correspondence -

l :i ;dw .jave j'-trvcd uysji my i\i'ti.h 1 U i tKlctlcili! ; I'.ieif. ,. i Inve: r.-sipirtl: ;::: a cau-r fcirthi;* tirH1.! v.lrrl: appears to ;nclouM : has been l'onlllHlctl1rcUI time to time C\ en under the

'". .: .Vteth, +'Cr tUiu'u"thuu 1., '" it'b tt' U'C j\Jd :! ; kl\ c litt-n f-U>fctrv.: It is r;: (juircd that all voluntoejlj !most htmriJiatincr! circumstances, and \\ hell if mv letters rcceiv7 -

t : 'l'f f '.\'.!. rt'lCwt:! ..1 ti'um die cuwml-JIiJ e.t't i4 urwy, i itii-vl; militia n::(-ehed nto! service, :dlUtll! l U- mustered in au-;xer at all, it ,, :1-, of the most im:<.::ti>!ficiory; char tl'lcr.-
.. ::1"1.! tt'1'Ct'iU1e t..UI"'(' In Eo"t a-5 3; .ailc: 1 Klor.da ?:>'. .
I IntH uifur oft'ie United! St:'t; =; r.rmv. I hat ", irilonurd i : the I no.ddre s you in the lr'n!.!uaee: of unrestrained: candor, and

,I I ,;: l:," fl"IIt '. (. That hc! n.c.isuvas 'IC"-.11'\' ;. proper d!,--partwii: lint since! 1 wa :ttpf er-ejr in the! command 1 appeal; 1 to you uith confidence! for the corrective o1'the evils ofvxhic
"r. .,- ''tiiiy: by lh(' f.M't. sal. '-ij'jf'n: tn the '! lie ,. .
juovon whw: ] of the army. I !h.'.';P '1,1! MO 1 H('ail! tr ofiic II' --ilnect: ; to mxr'tntrol : !: v.ejiiriU: t.HU'I/hUIi. I ii-k of tit! iimi our troops may be"thut
: s 4ti.v14iirc"+.
I : a j.uin er ufih.r..ID ui IU .s.j ;
] fur the of this' lm\ ri] ii 1 pd: : I maybe furnished with the means of the
u :inuidvr* II l !1th<:6JL'49t4'&. 1a(4141!<'it'rUf the I27iu i iI periormauf' v II'' a '> tttY.> pa>t.Anil defending
Midi !La l.eiii thf urgent 'cfSMton occasions frontier 'from rapine and murder. Give me no other
: >"r.i I ill1.tint -. -uutI14I :.<>i Ip.. c.l ila-i \' 1' Ja44tu':1In..1 i nc r+Inc means

.. I". tir: a; that! time, wt-r'! j'r-/ll::;p11.1"1Ij.! J wnliuui iiie fftiuijl- i and the liflirnlty: ;of rai-ing inn from our >pu: >e p'.pulatiou! i than the pay and subsistence ofour militia and I will defend our

>c' -. ;4-;! tlie: inysu-r Ttll J-! tll tl I.4 lavjna-tcr Utnvr$l Lvivfc I that 1 hart frequently li.'cti ffimpellod to a-n(1 them oifin ilctarhmetits setilemeu.s so f far as they are not protected by the military.

',"'. u !; : ] :' those! in ::Mi.i.llf: ]*l mvj! art still; utll'.uol.} ) ; of .fixe md ten in number] as this \\rre :ii-einbcd. from !I jm-ts constructed by the army. But where the troops of the

'I..' 't:t' r \\ ja n-ferrcd by you to tljL- .P.1yma..t'r ( ncrul, and! I I, fII,.>lijt! poitit- tn rl'I.!t'\',' tho-e I; uho I wort-exposed' 1 to the mo: tinniieni :.- Government are present, or sufficiently! near, to give protection

f' ,-", t ''U: 11 ditl, .d! the htl: ] )cccmwl' 1SIJ7: h,' 5'1 Y', '' Mile. 1. peril. Under the-e <' rCIIII1.lan('('; it "imiut icasonablv! he i desire:! not to interfere with the arrangements of the officers.

.-tt ,:" ufanflroujJ; $;el'vinj ndi-r j prr: rf iHy lh! > iui jcir< uuii I- I'' .
eipected, that: these! troops 'honld! ha\'I'I:1I mfl .tc'red with all I am sir, very respectfully,
-, :. .1! i.av iM'fii j/jii'!.c.\r<':,nh si'prjdt'd fur 'i> ihe tivcmi ;I
the. 'form*;; airl nv.iniijt-s of an army iu the p-acec tabi! : micnt. Your Ob't Serv't.R. .
'l' in- art of May v li1, 1 :.HL" !It t \\as ( ('Jtaillh. notery
'i. Ccnc141"r' After oxi-rcoiiiin: this a;. I had MJJIJI)' t*e'1 l, a more fort' :iUhahle K. CALL.
*vvlicn I had :! t.itd ,bt: Lid, fur tV I'aynastvr
objection has recently bran by the of War.My His Excellency Martin Van Buren
'. Lni'k '. Secretary ,
had -0
; slug! ; mv' lan 4I.ltitUI; Li- icjiott, I', :;:!ylw no \ ';e
: a cus-t, for i' lii did kt.uiv it :before, uv letter uiu-t have authority to call troops into s-crvice for the defence of the President of the United States.

.t "led: hm: and ifhe was not .- ;tmicd with its accuracy, ho Iud frontier is i questioned, and you'rill percehe: from his letter, a

t.(-nuns: fcf aptilyjnan uneiriiiT tot, the! muster lolls;, on v.hichi copy 01 which is Ii .' .:with enclosed tl! at lie now propo.-cs to FRIDAY, January 2Gth, 1838.

1..' l.joiKJa troop] -. were p.liJ call on General; Je lIp for a full explanation of the necessity and f The House met pursuant to adjournment, and the proceedings -

()'.. tno'nrnt'-it'flectionfir, would) have fonvlr.ccil: Loth you and: I manner iu xx hitch it has:, been done. I have enu'rtaincd no doubt of yesterday xx'cre read.

''.Mjitcr (I.'n. tiiit the troi ji< ordered! 'lto !;service !liy me of tie! authority xxith! xxhich I am iim-M-d !by my commision: On motion of Mr. Dozier, a bill entitled an act to autborise

: the' last win:( r coul.l! r.ot h]ivc li'-c-n paid' under the !st-tond and. the law to o.\erci-e this: ; pnss tr. Ast the! cnnimasuler in chief John Bellamy to rentier t\e\ Ocilla\ river navigable, was taken

l ';> h1' tlc *n of the USth! of May I 1"311 fur the] err reason Mated of the: militia of this Territory, thfte is no othrr/ authoritv, bvxx from the table and placed the orders of the
':* I aMrf: oi' the : of the among day.
jr sjH-akin', jr.ivnifi.l: hich llje) can regularly her called into sec! ice, thin that] xxhich, J/r. Hart( pursuant: : to previous notice asked and"obtained
.' > tn Middle, ai\d] West 1'lo'id.i, licrrtithe 1 pruxisiins of that ,
'1 I jok.';e>tf. And: it is iinpo-! <.It I in" ]bv. li-; x a. ::n impcratixo It.'Ivv, to introduce. .. bill cuirrhrtf-an: act to establish and
ri Mi.iiptctixe." Hut sir. thy xxcie paid: under! th' )ruwiious) i I regu-
tIll duty, in ca-es of in\a,i iin or insurrection, to order out the militia. late pilots and pilotage at St. John! bar the
dn wj'the! IDlh March:: lS;s :ippi! ( ahlu! to I' ill Territory Florida -

3; trvm,,s of Middia and l West 1'loriila, a.. to 1\t""pfJft1Jl'\ Jla.t. That] ;Allhotiyh I consider my authority t for thipurpose nn- which was read, and ordered for a second reading on A/on-

a"hboth i / pro"; "ctivc, and retroi<',)-iive.. It cinlrai.fs in its pros que-lionuble; 1 leave endeavored in my ':rorrcpt cnc-' with day next.

J rTl\'C! operation all volunteer or militia corps! which have: h( en in I the Secretary of War to explain the necessity of( the course: I 3/r. Gautier gave notice, that he will, on some future day,



leave to introduce a bill entitled an act to 8iadditional =-_ -"': :""' -':'._ -:_ T: :..:_:::.__.:", lowed on the duty on all !rnorchanduie which

jurisdiction to the county court of Franklin county.Mr. I BY AUTHORITY. shall have been 01 may be imported on or THE FLORIDI ..

Blackburn, pursuant to previous notice, asked and ob- before the first day of November next, upon rw\
which the duties in cash, and .ILmjlW Q
are payable fv
the m.
bill entitled
tained leave, to introduce a an act to suppress
SESSION OF THE TWEXTT-FIFTU CONGRXSS. that the bonds received for such duties shall
issuing or circulating of change bills, or any bank notes tinder !
be payable in equal instalments, bearing interest -
of five dollars and for other : SATURDAI.
the denomination purposes An Act for claims of
adjusting the remaining at the rate s.ix percent per annum,
which was twice read, (the rule being waived) and referred to upon the late dcposile banks. and shall be in the form and upon the conditions We have been politely favored ky rjoL y.awith

the committee on banks. Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and prescribed by existing laws and by this the following extract of a letter rr.aiJ

Mr. Gibson, pursuant to previous notice, asked and obtained House of Representatives of the United act. Clark, Quartermaster at Black Creek,d., '..
leave introduce a bill entitled an act to incorporate tho Florida Sintos of America "GAREY' FERRY
to ( in Congress: assembled. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That JaLk
Rail Road and Caial Company : which was twice read, That the Secretary ol/ the Treasury be, and where the security in any 'pond which has I "It is reported, and I believe it is true, .

the rule being waived, and referred to the committee on Inter- he is hereby authorized to continue to with- been, or may lieienfior b" postponed, is entirely .I Powell of the Navy, had an affair near lQ"\; :
leta, few days since. He hn J
nal Improvement. draw the public\ moneys nov remaining in satisfactory, the principal or suretiesin ol abouttwentyfive fihty ;,

Mr. Long, pursuant to previous notice, asked and obtained any of the former dcpcwitc banks, in a manner the name, shall not be disabled from beingin mainder was fu.2.I beoiten-lOmeoh' Artillery: ij
authorise the St. as gradual and convenient to the institu- the time till the of -
leave to introduce a bill entitled, An act to mean period postponement killed; three were left on the field,
Andrews and Chipola Canal and Rail Road Company, to establish tions as shall be consistent wlh thejpecunia- provided for (by this act expires, received one wounded man. AH the officers taukr hersed. t
wants of tho Government the safety sureties in other bonds for ti
the records of said company, and such other papers as jy as principal or ."
of the funds thus to be drawn; and that no duties, notwithstanding the bond first given -
twice read the
have lost fire.- was ,
by -
the company may further interest than that! required by the deposit may not have been actually paid dischargedor BROUGHT TO JAIL
Committee the Stateof
rule being waived, and to on I act of the twenty third of June, one extended, before or on the day it fell due: ON the t 12th inst., a Mulatto Bol.IIo....

the Territory.Mr. thousand eight hundred and flirty six, under Provided, That such principal and sureties belongs; to U. A. Gillurd of Fl IoJm.i1:,
Blount, pursuant to previous notice, asked and obtained which those deposites were nade, hall be I shall be found, in all other respects, safe and he left the plantation of Col. Alston: sow'
weeks inec. Said it about
leave to introduce a bill entitled, An act to incorporate the Pro- : demanded of any bank which his:: met, and satisfactory/ security for the funds to which hish.nalksawkw.irdly.!: boy The owner 5feetWk-U !

testant Episcopal Church, in the diocese of Florida.-Which shall; hereafter meet, the requisitions of the they may bo pre 'osed as parties. to come forward, pio e pmpeity, palchati.\i

was twice read, the rule being waived, and referred to the Com- Department. Tlrs provisioi shall also extend I. Set 4. And be it further .
mittee on the State of the Territory. to such puplic moneys an may remain the operation of all prior laws, and parts of!( Thomasville, Dcc.1.1,1g37.OPERATION } ,1 t.

lUre Blount gave notice, that he will, on some future day, in any of the said Banks, whether standingto : laws, so far as inconsistent with this act, besuspended

ask leave to introduce a bill to be entitled, An act in relationto the credit of the Treasurer of the United in the particulars in which they ON THE TEETH :"

the Union Rail Road Company, in the Territory of Florida. officer States,of or Government.of any disbursing or other public may conflict with, or differ from, its provi M. his D. HOLLAND professional ,services Surgroaftnp to the ,

Mr. Bell offered the following resolution: sion, until this act shall cease by its own Leon County. Dr.Harrison so well tad ia1.1 ttb

Be it resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of Sec. 2. And be it further cnact d, That in limitations. bly known, having declined retnrnia. *, ..

:" .. ..- _f VI_:.I.. Thitihi.} Committee on the Judiciary crtoo of neglect or refusal by any of the said Approved! October 10th, 1837. future land has for determined several months on locating 'bi"the+ lrt"4
be instructed to this House whether linnlcQ in comply; with lilts requisitions of the 'triIItAt} ,
report to or flue their is nmkindcr of the tine to be diVIded .
any law of this Territory now in existence; authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury, as:: he shall make An Act making further appropriations for the several neighboring villages, where he hu Mo
them, in conformity with the first section ol !sed extensively for two years .
county courts to levy a tax for the erection of public buildings, this act, suits shall ho instituted, where that year eighteen hundred and thirty seven. I warranted bo well cxetiH

such as Court Houses and 1 Jails, and prescribing the mode of has not already been done, to recover the amounts Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and Charges a>low circumstances* wilt pettti"et
j to responsible l citizens of Leon
letting out contracts for said buildings. due to the United States unless the House of Representatives of the United i, (till 1st January l"2y:!: if desired. County, jv"

Be it further resolved, That should the committee, on exam- defaulting;; bank shall forthwith cause In be Slates of America in Congress assembled I 1'criOns in this country, furnishing 'a...
ination find, that there is no such law in existence, they are executed and delivered to the Secretary ol That the following! sums be, and they are 1 waited (.nt tl.. ir rtbMtr.ccs. '

hereby instructed to report a bill to that effect. the Treasury a bond, with security to be approved hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any _Dec." 23. 1837. fct

Which was twice read, the rule being waived, and adopted.Mr. by the Solicitor of the Treasury, to unappropriated money in the Treasury, viz : UNION: BANK OF FLORID!-

:: Oozier, from the Committee oh Enrolled Bills, reported pay to the United Status the whole moneysdue For pay and mileage; of the members of f G: & EIAL meetings of the tfiockhdJ" tI
I t-ai.lll.u.t.l will biTlield
an act, amendatory to the several acts, incorporating the Cityof from it in three instalments : ;he first to Congress and delegates, two hundred and :, day in January next, likewise on on the tie foanl firstly fe.

St. Joseph, as correctly enrolled.Mr. be paid on the first day of July next, the sec- lorry eight thousand five hundred dollar { in Fe'rn.irn'xt: .-*! their Daman Honaii.
I *
Dozier from the Select Committee to whom had been referred -, ond on the first day of January, 1839, and Fer.-tationary, fuel, printing, and all\ other j I city of Tallaluse JOHN" -
the remaining<< instalment the first of ( PARKII/LL. Cits
the preamble and resolution concerning the protection of on day contingent expenses of the Senate, thirty. 1 Dc& 2" """, S-t ..
July, 1839 ; and the default, mentioned in _
thousand dollars.
the frontier of Jefferson county, reported said preamble and resolution this net on which interest is to commence : I A GREAT BARGAIN ,-

as amended.-Which report was concurred in, and said the rate of six per cenutni per annum shall For stationary, fuel printing, an.I all olhci MA f be had by early n['pli'atitln lo t-.,

preamble and resolution adopted.A he undcrstsod; to be thr neglect or omission contingent expenses! of the House of Representatives mile N. W.'>eis of wl.o the wish IirCJ lo uki s.Iltlicir, : F'dl ;,
bill entitled, An act for the relief of Tilitha Brooks, was of said banks, fir any (them, to answer th- fifty thousand dollars. I f Acrrs of first rate oak and Hickory Lao(;,:.

taken from the table, and, on motion of :::\11'. Wyatt, placed a- drafts or requisitions( of the Secretary of the For the contingent; c.xpniscs IIr the navy, : nearly 'O'J: open, in a h\gi\ state ur culacatiirv: ,
enumerated in the of the third I I improved: ,u iih fii!'.rate spring water,
mong the orders for Tuesday next. Treasury made ou them according to the as act of I 1l 1a.t'I
gOt nii hjoiho"d[ and
j known to b<
provisions of the I first section of this ait ; and March last t, in addition to the amount appro- I iKuUhiotp'accti-iihat! : section, the ? osr* 4
The House went into a Committee of the Whole on a bill purchwtw
interest thereon at the rate of>ix per rcntiim prop riated by that act, one hundred and twenty ; have provision i of ;>H kinds on the r i:1ctf.:
entitled, An act regulating county courts in this Territory, after per annum, fiom the tare: of( default; !tether r I thousand; dollars. !h ctensilswith stuck ot all J 1'indsJ -' q

some time spent in its consideration, the committeero., and with any dam.i; ges which nay have accruedto For the relief and protection American i i[ cf A the liberal eyed may be Itidou the erertwy

Mt.\ Brockcnbrough chairman therefrom, reported progress, tie. United Stales Iran protests of dianSdrawn seamen in firs-iea countries, ten thousand '; purchase money J IT.WM.J. B-\RCI IJLGHii( ?

and asked leave to sit again.-Which report was concurred in. upon it, or from any other consequences dollar; ; -Dec.-_ n3, 1837. .. '-(
---- -- -
The House went into Committee of the Whole on a bill en- of its failure to fulfil its obligations to thepublic For defravin. :: the expenses attending the NOTICK.II. ; : : '0'R tI

titled, An act to amend an act concerning dower, after some Treasury.Approved prose.cutiou oflhe claim\ of tho United Stale* I M. DA 'IDSOrScIECBE.YtJ'l'
I October Kill, 1S37. to the legacy bequeathed by the 'Idle James are my agents to transact any bos-ha!
time spent in its consideration, the committee rose, and Jr. mine in Gadsdeii Air. Divi .
Smith.son of Lo.,dun county live thousand dollars.
Levy chairman therefrom, reported said bill to the House, and I thorizi'd, to receive and py I -e debts rLhc"' .J
asked to he discharged from its further consideration.-Which An Act making additional appropriation for For contingent: expenses in the office of\ fine of Harrison and \VJt cr.
f iv.\t. ii.WIIJ,
report was concurred in, and paid bill referred to a Select Com- the suppression of Indian hostilities; for the the Treasurer", five hundred dollars. ApalariiKv.l.i, 1st August. 837. fc+1.j

mittee. Messrs. Le'")", Brockenbrough and Gautier were appointed year one thousand eight; hundred and thir- For preparing; printing, and binding documents FOtt SALE. 7

thereon.A ty seven. ordered by the resolution of t the Senile -' A Tract of 'land I. com :.,jl1r of I2SO w.}'/
Sec. 1. Be cnactci the Senate and of the second of July 1S36 t .11' i-f the
bill entitled, An act to incorporate the Alachua Land by twenty centre LaFlljctLt' TO\fDshipIt'ar!
House of Representatives of tho United fifth of February, 1S37, and second of 4 miles from Tallatinss It consists afar*,
read second time and referred the
Company, was a to Judiciary and l&thft: lionsof that
States of America in Congress assembled!' March, 1837, to be disbursed under the direction for their whole township, wtiicMiKtiguous
Committee. lenglh,antJ furm I'.*
That the further sum clone million six hundred of the committee audit and con- I by 2 miles Time fourths sect Ir.,. --'I'of .
A bill entitled establish the site of Hamilton
an act to County thousand dollar:- shall be, and the same trol the contingent expenses of the Senate, of first rare himmork, and 1 the *b>I lf of i'Mi
County and to repeal an act to make permanent the Countysite is'hereby, appropriated out of any money in twenty-five thousand: dollars. the Lest quality. It haj: been pronounced 1tnetent
of Hamilton read third time and Judges to be one of the best ctua
County, was a passed.- the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That I very fertile and valuable! Township. Set 3
Ordered that the title be as abo\c stated. defray any expenses which hate been or if the revenue from duties, or from the sales is generally;ood oak and hickory Iond)r a:

A bill entitled an act further to amend the charter of the may be incurred, in preventing or suppress of public land remaining in the hand of the it nf a superior quality,sari or the chane

Southern Life Insurance and Tru -t Company, was read a se- ing the hostilities of any Indians : toll-; expended leceiving and collecting officers be not suf- which production has! been of full proved) to of fine be best cotton.adafrf Irs''..

cond time, and referred l to the committee on Banks ; and writ- under the di.-rctmn of the Secretary ficient at any lime to pay debentures and other -I crips 5'

ten copies ordered. of ll'arconfrmablj to the acts of Con;!re;; chine; which art by existing laws made I ve rytswnavaitabeasatj'ebtOf.itmsbThe I
of th'1 nineteenth of,11 arch, eighteen. hundred tracts well watered, having a ]*tf Wt "
An engrossed: hill entitled an act divorce George Fleming payable out of the accruing revenue before it it in i a
t running Ihrnugh a beaiflitut securer ''
and Mary M. Fleming, was taken from tile orders of the and thirty six, and the .if com! of July, eighteen i is tian; fijrred to the credit of the Treasurer, I country, and lilT riling beautiful squalid .

.' '. i I" 'Vhereupon Messers. Gautier and hundred and t tiirty six, and of the! acts tin Se-.retary of the Treasury is hereby authorized I residence. The Rail from Tall.".
therein referred to. St. Marks, now near its cornplclion, iB ;
t. j' to the said debentures and other -
f r' its final 1
I' on '!
nays passage. cheap ant ready access to market for its >faA
.h.-- *" -f.-u. f. }f. -rmerman, Bell Blount, Brock- Approved October 16th, 1837. charges ,ut of any money in the Treasurynot ; l->ng credit wIll| be given for the gam

fi! fit- r :' ,.; ', ( ,M I )ouglas;, Dozirr, Drake, Hart, otherwise appropriated.Sec. f of the purchase money. For terms ppjl iI"'
3. And be it further enacted That the proprietor. THOMAS R.l'iJan *
HJ', : ,.1, -* i I"' Id 13 1833 23
\\'alt-I" 4
:: ;; An Act authorizing a further postponement the Secretary of trip Treasury be. and he is t w jGROUKKIES

j.\"; ;J i -'>' .'_ -s. Blackburn, Fitzpatrick I G au- of payment upon duty bonds. hereby authorized to arrange and settle any :: UKOCERlS"WE

tier, Gibson, Johnson, Kenan, Livingston, Long, Shaw, and Sec. 1. Be. it enacted by the Senate and of the outstanding transfer drafts given to have just received :and offer.L'l'

Vaughan.-ll. House of Hepicsentiitjves of the United transfer monevs to the States under the act low,

So said bill passed : Ordered that the title he as above. Stales of America in Congress! assembled, of twenty third of June, 1836, and which 10,000 5,000 Jbs.Ibs good Bacon Cheese '

An engrossed bill, entitled an act to dissolve the bonds of That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and have not been paid by the depositories upon 50 Boxes Sperm Candles

matrimony between James Thraten and Ann his wife, was reada he hereby ie, authorized to grant such fur- which they were drawn, or otherwise arranged 25 Cunch Raisins

third time; and put upon its passage. Upon which questionthe ther extension of credit upon; all bonds for and settled by the United States, by receiving l,0001b 25 Kegs Codn\h Batter

yeas and nays were called for by Messrs. Gautier and Long, duties now outstanding; as shall make tho such drafts at par in payment of any 20 &J Lard

And were, Yeas, Messrs, Bell, Blount, Brown, Brocken- whole extension of credit upon each bond debts due to the United States, without any 25 bbls Seed Potatoes:
nine months from the time when the original allowance of interest for the time the drafts 50 bbls Whiskey
brough, Croskey, Douglas, Dozier, Hart, Higginbotham, Levy 10 bbls
bond became due and payable, making the have been outstanding and unpaid, or any Sweet Malaga Wins
Alito I Mackerel $ ''r
Mills and FiftCoftee l'
Wyatt,-13. Apples
extention in each caso to depend upon the other allowance for interest ot damages of ,-All of which we will dyt ,
dispose -17'x
Nays-Mr. President, 3/essrs. Bannerman, Blackburn, Fitzpatrick -
same conditions as to additional security, the any description. sale at a small advance on cost. .
Gautier, Gibson, Johnston, Kenan, Livingston, Long, payment of interest, and other terms, which Approved October 16lh, 1837.A G. H. &T.E.LINDENBB #
Shaw, and Vaughan12.So hnvo been prescribed by the Treasury Dc- Jan. 13, '8J8.-13-tC -

said bill passed : Ordered that the title be as above. partment, to the extension of revenue bonds A CARD.

The House went into a committee of the whole on the bill since May last l : Provided, That nothing Resolution directing tho postage on let- THOSE indebted to the subscriber nt-**
ters sent by the Express Mail to be paid in to call and settle their%''I'd'
entitled an act to authorize limited partnerships ; after some herein contained shrill be construed to include advance. Administrators and Guardian woonilJtmlisill

some time spent in its consideration, the Committee rose ; and any existing bonds where the partiesto are informed that their bills an". 1
Mr. Douglas, chairman therefrom, reported said bill amended. tho same have nOIince, the bonds became Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of so small an amount that reliance: i s-ii:" don
Which was commieJ in. payable, ,:riving additional security, or made of the United States of Americain their honor for payment as Dtt'
report Congress assembled That the the trouble of forced collections. 1 his ttI
part payment, and are, by the officers Postmaster
A bill entitled an act to amend an act entitled an act to incorporate also apply to the intent Pare ot the :.
be and he is
of the Government, coMdered insolvent, or hereby, directed to *
or who owe 'er prior to 8di April
the Bank Jacksonville, approved Eebruary 14th, subscriptions
unsafe securities for the paynuiU of their cause! tho postage! on all letters sent by the The subscriber is very pati ni,butde..** *
1835, was read the third time and passed : Ordered that the title bonds. Express Mail of the United States Jo be paidin fair to give notice that his black list .Ilki

be as above. advance at the time of depositing them for for the presson the first of January I
I A bill entitled an act to regulate license on retailers of spir- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That a transportation by raid mail. be forwarded to Texas Arkansas, andtivrl.. ""j'

ituous liquors, was laid on the table, and written copies ordered. credit of three and lit months shall be al- Approved, October 12th, 1837. Jan 13,1S38.3tfuk l'