Florida intelligencer

Material Information

Florida intelligencer
Place of Publication:
Tallahassee [Fla.]
Ambrose Crane
Creation Date:
March 4, 1826
Physical Description:
v. : ; 48 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
30.451667 x -84.268533


Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Cf. McMurtrie, D. The Beginnings of print. in Fla., 1950.:
Began with Feb. 19, 1825 issue.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased in 1827.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Suspended: Feb. 19-Aug. 20, 1825. Cf. McMurtrie, D. The Beginnings of print. in Fla., 1950.
General Note:
Started by publishers of Pensacola gazette and West Florida advertiser as "branch office." Cf. McMurtrie, D.C. Beginnings of printing in Fla.
General Note:
Publisher: A.S. Thurston, <July 22-Dec. 8, 1826>.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 17 (Feb. 24, 1826).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002060557 ( ALEPH )
08804854 ( OCLC )
AKP8643 ( NOTIS )
sn 82015186 ( LCCN )

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Succeeded by:
Florida advocate (Tallahassee, Fla.)


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Full Text
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POBLISHED VERY FRIDAY BY a sandy soil",,of moderate .elevation, ", 1W ACT '. faulters\, :their,respective-:districts to the :captain'* 1.1

CRANE J abundantly supplied with water, and or commanding officer_ the'. ',company, on the muster I
AMBROSE communicated with both seas in a For the relief of William.Drummond.I' day after they,shall,have beenappointed. .
Authorised to print the Laws of the deep channel. Its distance did not Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, 'That every patrol '

STATES, and of.the Territory xceed two hundred miles, and Whereas it is represented to this present Legislative hall go to, and examine the several plantations; in
UNITED of Florida. might be, in time, with increased Council, that j,Martha Drummond, formerly their divisions at such times as they in their discretion

Price FiveDollars per annum payable advantage, extended to;' Pensacola Martha Rain, has violated her conjugal fidelity to her shall see fit, one'night in fourteen at least, and they \
in advance. Bay, and thence Mobile Bay.- husband William Doimmond, an inhabitant of St.. shall take up all slaves which they shall find without \
Advertisements inserted on the The route from St. Johns to Vacas- Johns county in this Territory.Be the fences or cleared ground of their owners who:have

terms. sassa Bay, was one of easy execu- it enacted by the governor and Legislative Councilof not a ticket or letter or other token to sh \v' the rea- )

customary_ __-. ---- _- tion. The Peninsula of Florida was the Territory of Flrrida, That the marriage of the : sonableness of their absence or who have not some \
-- : FLORIDA CANAL. of secondary formation, or alluvion, aforesaid William Diummond with Martha his wife, white person in company to give an account of his her \

/ =-:: with little elevation, and penetratedby formerly Martha Rah be, "and the same is, hereby or their business and such patrol may correct every
-bill- l-="for-,--:- a:survey of:a route hain oflakes, which deviated dissolved ; and the said William Drummond is hereby such slave or slaves by whipping with a switch, whipor i
1h ,
caual between the Atlantic and oi1a small] distance from the short- released from all civil or moral obligation, to contribute cow skin not exceeding"twenty lashes. i

:JDr"a Gulf of Mexico,'' having received est line of communication between any money, or other thing to the support, or I. Sec. 6.: further eiacted, That it shall be the

the its second reading, was referredto the two 'seas. The. distance was maintenance of the said Martha Drummond form erly duty of patrols to disperse improper assemblagesor j
and Ca- I than Martha Rain. above seven in number that
the Committee on Roads not more 92 miles-eighteen meetings negroes i
nals. The Bill pro -ldes- I which were already navigable by Passed December 6th 1825.A. may take place for the purpose of drinking or on any I

"That the President of the United the river. Throughout: the remaining BELLAMY, other occasion 'unauthorised by their owners, and I

States be, and he is hereby, authorized seventy-four miles, the soil was President of the Legislative Council. should such negroes fail to disperse immediately when

to cause to be made an accurate light, with little elevation] easily excavated SAML.. FRY, Clerk. notified or behave insolently to the patrol, they may .H
and minute examination of and with many natural fa- [Approved December 8th 1825.] be taken up and whipped ai before, with a svitchvhip

the country South of the St. Mary's cilities. From the St. John's river, WM. P. DUVAL, or cow skin, each one so of ending not exceeding twenty 5 5i 5J

river, and including the same, witha the first sixteen miles was an allu- Governor of the Territory of Florida. lashes, though they may have passes ; and all free

view to ascertain the most eligible vion, with an elevation of only three negroes found in such improper associations of slaves. 11
route for a canal, admitting the tran- feet above the" waters of that river. shall be subject to share the same treatment. Mii1

sit of boats, to connect the Atlantic Thence, the line passed over a region AN ACT Sec. 7. Be it further etucted: That the captain of I
with the Gulf of Mexico, and also whose elevation was estimatedat any patrol shall give one difr's notice to the men to turn .

with a view to ascertain the .practicability 11 feet_,.but indented through by To Govern Patrols. a. out, and when on duty mar at all times appoint his
of a ship channel- ; that he lakes, vallies, and creeks. It was next time of tUI ning out am where to meet which no- :

cause particularly to be examinedthe formed of a strata of sand and clay, Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Councilof flee shall be sufficient to aS present, and the said cap .. I

route from the St. Mary's river, and bedded on limestone, lying, probably the Territory of Florida, That every captain or commanding tain may direct or point out the kind of arms they shall
to the Appalachicola river or bay, below the point of excavation.The 'officer of a company of Infantry or foot Militia appear with, and it is hereby made the duty of every
and from the St. John's river to the remaining twenty-five miles of throughout this Territory is hereby authorised, person called on to furnish himself with the necesary:: :

Yacassassa hay with a view to both the line was a gentle inclination from empowered and required severally and respectively: arms and equipage and horse ; to be ,obedient to the :

the above objects ; that he cause the great Prair in Machua to the together with the subaltern officers if any such there orders of said captain, and carefully to avoid intoxication "
the both by land Bay of llexicovith his while on duty, under the penalty offive dollars for ,
necessary surveys sand, clay, and be, and they shall in concert sub-divide and lay out
and along the coast with estimates of broken fragments of stone, mixed, district into as many convenient patrol divisions as they either of the'offences to be adjudged by a majority of '1
the expense of each, accompaniedwith and easily removed. Throughout shall think proper and most convenient to the men ; the officers of the district jn which they live, and to : C'

proper plans, notes, observa- the who line there was an adequate which said subdivisions shall thenceforth be the pat- be levied by warrant of list ress under the hand and .

tions, explanations, and opinions, of supply of water, with an elevation of rol divisions until altered by like authority, and seal of the captain or comnanding officer of the company t '

the board of Engineers, and that he four feet on the centre, and a declination wherein the owners settled plantations as well as or ,by justice of tie peace ; the money when ,
cause a full report of these proceedings from that height to the Atlan- the other inhabitants of any such patrol divisions as'' collected to be paid x>ver to the Treasurer for couuty

to be made to Congress ; and, tic, thirty-one miles, and to the Bay well alarm men as others of horse and foot, betweenthe purposes. .
to carry the same into effect, the Mexico, thirty-four miles.It age of sixteen and sixty years, shall be subject to Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That the patrols '

sum of twenty thousand dollars be, was, moreover to be observed, the patrol duty of that division and shall either by shall enter into all negro louses and suspected places, .
and the same" is hereby, appropriated (said 'Mr. J.) that by uniting the themselves in person or by others employed for that and search for arras and ther offensive ,or. improper

out of any money in the Treasury channels ofa chain of Jakes that extend purpose, do their patrol duty regularly according to weapons, and may lawfully seize and take. :away :a.I1\ .
not otherwise appropriated." into the interior,you will greatly the intent and meaning of this act. such arms, weapons and ammunition, shall be !
While the question of reference waspending. disiinisl:_the line excavation, the Sec. 2. Be it fwtlier enacted .I'hat if any captainor the duty of such patrol within three days after ,any \

r of 'Louisiana. said laboir, and expense, while you will commanding officer shall omit or fail to subdivide such seizure, to take the same before the nearest justice ,
Johnston, ,
the line of communication district in herein-before of the peace and make oath of the manner of such \
make few remarks in onlyincrease company manner injoined,
a ,
thirteen miles. Thus much afterwards within five after seizure, and if no person calls within one week there
of the of the bill. or at any muster day or days \
said he object for examina (Mr. J. said) he had deemed it ne- such muster day shall neglect to prick off the several after and makes proof that the same belongs to him or \
the south of the cesiary to say in regard to the two patrols as is herein-after directed, that every her, the articles shall on the next constables sale 'day
all country
and Appalachicola ri- routes designated. such captain or commanding:officer so fail ins....:. shall respectively be sold and the proceeds paid over to the Treasurer. ; '
A '
be to and the of ten for county purposes. _.... _
ascertain the most But there other and higher subject pay penalty :
eligible were '
to .
; 9. Be
Sec. itfurther enacted That it shallnpt be '
which to connect the considerations connected with this dollars ; to be recovered by warrant of distress, un- .
through lawful for any slave, unless in the of 3ome i .
II'r. der the hand of justice of the peace for the district presence
and the bay of Mexico. It subject, that claimed the attentionof any '
white person to carry and make use of fire, arms. or
where such offence shall be committed, which sum
after this reconnis- ihe Senate : he meant the possi-
of the of the when collected shall be paid over to the county Treasurer any offensive weapons whatever: .unl ssch, ; slave t
a survey seve bility a ship-channel across .
'shall have ticket licence from his
a or writing "master '
obtain all which if for county purposes : and all masters parentsand
with a view to Peninsula-an object, accomplished '
or mistress or overseer, to ,hunt''and_ killf. ,
shall furnish minor game
guardians apprentice, or
localities any
in relation to the would produce an extraordinary :
mischievous birds beasts
cattle of and thatsuch
or or prey,
under his with horse and
ward their
or care a necessary -
country and the coast ; and to revolution in the navigation fr
i licence be renewed once every:week. ... .
equipage required to perform patrol duty at such .
and of
estimates this
such plans, and commerce
Be it acted That
Sec. 10. if
further .
be under dollars any person
of five
will hereafter enablets information which he had times as may appointed penalty
as From the
persons shall presume to give ticket or licence, to .
and that they shall also be bound to all fines
Congress to act on the subject.The on this subject, founded on the opinions .
slave who is the under the caredr
that any property ,or :
be for failure when
imposed to perform duty
view and may
has in I
measure proposed of practical, experienced,
V of other without the consent of the'
notified be of the any i
canalin entertaina duly to adjudged by a majority .
first he did not
objects : a scientific men, :
other person having charge of's'uch, slave, he she
officers of the district which reside.
connection with a general systemof doubt that the work was practicable company they
or they shall forfeit to the. county ten o\ter'and
and levied by distress and sale of the offenders goods .
bland navigation ; and, secondly, at an expense which the object '
above the that such
damages accrue owner by
under the hand and seal of the may
captain or commandingofficer
channel.Mr. .
the of and within means
practicability a ship fully justified, the absence of such slave.
Dr Johnston said, he'felt it to be which could be fairly devoted to it. of the district, or by a justice of the peace ; Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That in
1 I.,. I the money when collected to be paid to the Treasurer every
his vell from the
duty, as public At present, more than one half of "case in which a fine or other punishment.may be ad-
benefit of
m for the the county unless sufficient excuse -
Ll 1- station which he occupied, as the the Territory of the U. States depended he made to the officers of said company on the judged against any individual under the above act, the '.
a peculiar interest and position of the on the Mississippi river, and next muster day. party defendant shall have right. appeal. to ajus- :
at State which he represented, to one third of the population (and this Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That on every mus- tice of the peace, uivilhin- jurisdiction- and if not, ,
before the Senate '
bring separately, portion constantly increasing) have then to any court havi Jurisdiction thereof. i f-
ter day the captain or commanding officer shall prickoff
a which .
subject concerns every of
the Passed December 6th 1825. -
their commerce through Bay ,
I from his list adding in alarm'men and minors not
State which unites interest
every of this .. :
Mexico.[ It was object '
I than six than from which
less ten
nor more names .
and in which all could ,
; happily, con round ;$ "
the President of the Council. "
.. bill to supersede passage Legislative
number he shall select one proper person as captain, ,
cur without constitutional '
m violating'any the Gulph of Florida. Of the political SAML. FRY, Clerk, '! "f
and that the patrol may be divided or subdivided according '. '
oil principle. and commercial advantages of [ .I1pproved December 8th 1825.-] '.;. : '
The connection of the of Mexico to the convenience of the men to act within the "
Bay communication he would reserve WM. ,P. DUVAL, .
this ,
,with the Atlantic, formed several sub-divisions of the district, making returns to .' '
apart intended to Governor of the Florida.
e/l the views he pre- Territory
their and he to the the district
of the great system of inland naviga captain, captainof ;
all bill had
I hJ tion.-It was the most important link sent to the Senate until the and if any person shall,have been regularly appointedto ,
oflbe in the chain of communication.-It been reported by the Committee onRoadsand command the patrol agreably to the above recitedact ,

101 was the point of union between the Canals, and was.fairly be- who shall refuse to accept of such command, or .AN ACT .. :
.. fore them for consideration.A ;
o. I
thereof shall refuse
two great portions ot our country, after- acceptance- '""' ..or. neglect. .. :- ". *.. /J- '
the east and the west.-Its political, message was received from the perform his duty, suchperson; so onending shall, lor To incorporate Jackson Lodge of Tallahassee in of":?,*,
military, and commercial advantages : President of the United States of an every such offence forfeit and pay a sum not exceed- Tallahassee. ,\;*'i'It
need-not be illustrated.Publicopinion Executive, nature, upon which the ing ten dollars to be adjudged by a majority of the officers -- -
tf was already sufficiently en- Senate went into the consideration of the company and levied by distress and sale of Be'it .enacted by the Governor and Legisiative; +,Cduncil;. ] \ >
hiLt6 lightened and determined it re Executive business, and, in about the offenders goods under the hand and seal of the of the Territory of.Florida: That .Robert-Butler;' :RQ-;. ";'o':

on3tl gained only for Cpngress to give it an hour adjourned.On captain or commanding officer of the company or a jus- bert W. Williams and Jsham G:.- Seafcy the',present' -,/ :-

effect. ,_ motion of Mr. White,
In regarcUo a ,canal navigation, it it was Resolved, That the committee for county. purposes.. may"hereafter become' members.:o(:JksoriL&ofTai1ahasseein :
was satisfactory tp know that the on the public'lands be instructed Sec.. 4. itfuTther ena ted, That all and every ,l .the city of .Ta1Iahasse l e;,,:sal1bi.nd' .'. .. .

work was not only' practicable, but! to inquirejnto the expediency I of :person or persons, liable. to do and.p rforl patrol,:.duty: are herebydec.1ai'ed"to'be. body:" corpo6 "a:' a'ip !i ',:- : -*

of easy execution,.and at a small ex, law, the, ,Governor of: as prescribed,the)above..recited act., 'who.shall. .refuse tic,in name' ..andia:deed. ., by'the syJeorJsrnLogeL :
pense., .Many routes_had been indicated Florida to sell. a' quarter section of or neglect,so sh forfeit :and pay a;sum'not .Tallahassee, andjby ,the'saidnanie; !nd1Atye.: :'snaii: ':
aftof'wfiich land Tallahassee: 'reserved for exceeding two ,dollars for each offence'l;adjudged !' have''perpetual succ ssionof.oflic' e ii. anoVneafce '
tf were probably near : ; :* S.r/k-tVV\- **
i I convenient,.but\itrequired) ; an accu the use of said Territory, .to. be applied by a,majpntyjof, the"comp'any. ',officersY.6&thestrict{ .and. a- ,comixionsea1to. use.;::and shall:have;fulKjm. 1 r o .

o.1: rate Ij jr aI estimate, to ,obtaina .to the:'erection public buildings ,and levied:.byjdistress :offendersgoods; to.make' alterarnencI' '' (''and change'., cJibJ"l *. ;'. (?..:
11'i i knowledge; p(the localities, and expense ; :' ; inquire into tjieexpediency under the.:hand and'seal.of,the,captain)or I :conynandipg; .Jiag) : .,1> ,jfd #p'o bI' b rs rih; Kl' :" e4- 0'

to\enabethem; to 'decide. of granting! ,the, Territory -. ,officer/of, 'district/. by a. justice: ofth .,.pdce J .. -,. .''. .,;.ihatsuch'. ,' : A.Y I fl- wi.' I, 're "lio.'\{*"":' :. .It... :' : ,... ':

It Two'routes: .had "!>een, particularly! ,',of Florida, ,(b&, uilai gs 'aiida,; -, :the monet ,whencoIIeqtedtobe, : ,j>aiiover( to thef-coun? *'r.imlio nkJ41vs.i... of'the. Unit. (l_ ..'!""' elpiW!i.f ;, ","\,''4o _; :
!i mentioned. Thajt$: from.:the' St.: Ma- purtenances! the post.of St. Marks, :tV'-Treasurer- *- : for rcounty Tj-i .purposes'-unless:! V : i-V8 i"sufficientn >.'; **'. *>- ''- -{_ -., .t.' ri.'''''t.-: -.. "!..:. .... : '0 't >:;\ ''!, h. ......".:full, 1'fj.:" .J".
4 be made to,'the I','offide _- ,S2; .1.:Beisfuiher: iaciT1iat.tliey: ,IJIaII. .ve ,". .
)12 ry'I:10 Appalachicola, "was deemed which have been abandoned' as' useless '" excuse r.ft.: ;sucncOmpajiy ,!;..r",1.Jf ; jl7r l lJ. '' ;. ;' ,": .: ;:' ..- -;,
'' .
,. practicable/i 4 thought: toipossessadvanU : f rIIiiUiaf1'n\1rpol' S; 1.Jhe'. U., their Ikext' 'r/d; .!an&itfthafl. etl: 1ityifpat.rots jJ IfapftE.- "thr OrlY? : *'nnUerw..**** n\\me; a 1C.O ., .
ft-'' lImny es.** Jt ,pe4 1i.9 States.. '. '" : .to..e a true-apaJusl; r J' u 4 ,'.Qfal1icfa\lJ S4 ::1 1Q11 Ludge 19f ,1c)take;hQId j Menwreal .

,4 ,
I I : -
'" J. r,u... ', -_ .. -. _j ;

f _S., t! ....0:,> _'.., .- "! .. -'" ..i:." ,, ', -'

personal. roPer.I,' .to sue for and recover all such Sec. 4i&ndbe itjurthtr enacted, What so 'much of Washington, January 18th,' IS"

sum or 'sums"of money as now is or hereafter may become an act to establish a ferry over, the river Ocklockonyas SIR-In obedience. to your, :ra

due to said-Lodge by any name or style whatever militates against this act be and the same is hereby quest, I herewith send a copy Of ,

in'any court of law or at any tribunal having juris- repealed. letter I had the honor to address {!

diction thereof and do all other acts as natural persons, the Secretary of War, requesting .

and may purchase and hold real personal and mixed Passed December 8th. 1825. suivey and estimate of a can al,-.,

'property and dispose of the same for'the benefit of the A. BELLAMY, ship channel, a cross the promo nto-,
President of the Council. ry ot Florida, with a copy of
institution : Provided, that said Lodge shall not at any Legislative \bq}\

one time hold real estate to a greater ,amount than of ,SA IL. FRY, Clerk. BY: AUTHORITY.Laws answer stating that the apprClp

she cost of ten thousand dollars or emit under any pretext [Approved December 9th 1825.] exhausted lion for such the objects having beq
i reconnoisance .
bills of credit or bills or notes for the payrpent of WM. P. DUVAL, of the United i States, passed not be made, unless the coild
r Governor of the Territory of tFIoridaAN ry
the first session the nine
funds under
were placed the dirtt.
December 6th 1825.A. teenth Congress. tion of his Department. ,

BELLAMY, [PUBLIC No 2.] It will be seen, by a perusal oi
/ President of,the Legislative Council. AN ACT making appropriation that letter, that I had intended toll

'SA IL. FRY, Clerk. ACr for the payment of the Revolntiotv communicate some interesting factsIf

: [Approved December 8th 1825.] ;: ary and other Pensioners of in?; in regard to the practicability of( |
'. To In for Revenue. United States. '
e provide part rasing a
,, WiM. P. DUVAL, forming an inland navigation ; from!
the -Senate
Beit enacted by ant
Governor of the the Mississippi to the point !
Territory of Florida. at which
"Be-it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Council House of Representatives of the Uni
the proposed ship channel should!
of the Territory of Florida, Thtt ,there shall be ap ted States of America in Ccngrest commence on the Gulf of mexic
Governor assembled, That the following sums
Since the introduction of the bill rt.l
of this Territory, vrithh each of the Counties be, and they are, hereby, rat sPectively ferred to your committee in | J
AN : the
ACT herein, one or more fit and discreet persons to act as I appropriated towards the military Senate, I take the liberty to suggest!
auctioneer of all I public sales at auction, except sales service of the year one thousand the propriety of an additional pto.1
establish ferry across'the Ocilla River. under and by Virtue of any execution at common law:i'eight hundred and twenty-six, and vision, directing a continuation ot|
(the-objects following, that is to
Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Council or decree in Chancery. the survey, from the AppaJachicoUJj
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted That every auctioneer say- liver to the Mississippi ; and avail.|
'of the Territory of Florida, That William Evans be, Forthe pensions to the Revolu-
shall, before he enters'upon the duties of his office, ing myself of your invitation, will
and he is hereby vested with all th( right, and charged tionary Pensioners of the U. States,
the now what I intended under .
execute bond payable to Governor, with two or say other
with'-all the duties of estabfishing the keeping a ferry one million three hundred and fifty
and sufficient securities to be circumstances, to address to the!
more good approved by
over the Ocilla, at the pout intersecting oi the main two thousand seven hundred and I
the Clerk of the County Court for the in. which I Secretary of \V ar.
County i dollars.
road which is
now establisled and leading from Tallahassee ninety It will be observed that the Mississippi
: such auctioneer may reside, in the penalty of two For the invalid and haW
to St. and said
Augustine ; the William E- pay pen- after receiving toils bosom!
vans his heirs executors administrators and thousand dollars, conditioned to discharge the duties of sioners, in addition loan unexpended -
assigns, all the sreams that flow from the!
his said office, according to ]law, except in the Countyof balance of one hundred and fifty
be and remain for the tern often years, vested and, mountains, through the fertile regions
charged with the rights and duties aforesaid. ; Monroe, in which County any such bond shall be thousand dollars, sixty-seven thou- of the West, its bed is unable! t;
with the penalty of ten thousand dollars, to"be approved sand five hundred dollars. !
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That it shall be unlawful to contain them. Large navigable
for any other person or persons to establish or by the Secretary of the Territory and filed with For pensions to widows and or- rivers and bayous burst from itir

keep a ferry within. four mies! of the ferry by this act him.Sec. phans, 1 twelve! thousand dollats. sides, and, flowing through the val.!

provided for, unless the same shall be for his, her, or 3. Be it further enacted, That if any such auc- tc. 2. And be it further enacted, ley, some of them find an outlet in]

their own\ exclusive tine anl not for the purpose of tioneer shall, before executing bond as aforesaid, or if That the said sums, respectively, the Gulf Of this description is th0]
gathering other who is shall be paid out of any money in Manshac Iberville about !
or receiving toll.. any person, appointed auctioneer, or ninety
Sec. 3. Be it further cnccted, That it shall be the shall offer at public auction any goods, wares or the Treasury. not otherwise appro- miles above New-Orleans, running!
priated. .
duty of the said William Evans, his heirs, executors, merchandize, or other commodity, not the growth or JOHN W. TAYLOR. into lake Maurepas, which communicates

administrators and assigns, at all times to hove, and production of this Territory, or some State or Territory Speaker of the House of Representatives. Ponchartrain with the and Gulf Borgne.through lake The ,

in flat beat of sufficient within the United States, every such officer, or |
keep good repair a dimensions Manshacruns into Amite river, and*
to carry across said river a loaded waggon aid team, every such other person, shall forfeit and pay the sum JOHN C. CALHOUN, from their junction, sixteen mile

and that they shall be entitled to receive at the said of five hundred dollars! for each and every ofrence of a Vice-President of the U. States and from Mississippi, the united;

ferry, toll at such rates, and shall be subject to such similar nature, which shall have been committee! upon President of the Senate. streams present a fine body of water]

regulations as may be established, by the County different days ; the one half of said fine to the use of APPRQVED-January 18, 1826. to the lakes, sufficient for all the purposes -

Court of the County of Leon, and the Legislative any informer, and the other half for the use of this JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. of navigation. The debth ok t

:Council of this territory. Territory ; and every such forfeiture shall and may be the water in Ponchartrain is generally -|

Passed December 7th, recovered by action of debt, comnTenced in the name from eighteen to twenty feels

1825.A.. BELLAMY, of any such informer for his own use and the use of the CONGRESSIONAL.Nineteenth- - The bay of Manshac was opened!

President of the Legislative Council. Territory, before any Court of record having jurisdiction some years since, by General Win

: SAML. FRY, Clerk. thereon. ? ,Congress, kinson, wide enough for the passage;!
Sec. 4. Be it FlltST SESSION. of boats but, during the late \Yart
1} i [Approved December 9th 1825.] further enacted That upon all sales at ;
January 19th 1826. the AnleI can commander, *
WM. P. DUAL Public Auction by any commissioned auctioneer, it shall
Mr. Hendricks, from the Select the of the Bn'isk]
'Governor the Territory of Florida. be his duty within ten days after such sale, to renderto
the Clerk of the County in which such auctioneer Committee on Roads and Canals, troops through that channel, order]
to whom was refered" A Bill for ed ito be obstructed, by falling i)
shall reside, a faithful and true account of the amountof .
the Survey of a route for a Canal quantity of cypress trees across iu
the of such sale at auction of
. gross public between the Atlantic and the Gulf of which present an obstacle to navi
all goods, wares, merchandize, or other commodity, MexicoReported- gation, until they are removed. It;,

, Q not the ,growth or manufacture of this Territory, or of That they had giv a the is believed that, by clearing out these

: AN ACT any other State or Territory in the United States, and subject all the examination which obstructions, deepening and widen-;

-I shall moreover retain in his hands out of the gross pro- the means afforded enabled thtm lo ing the bed, const uctiug small le-j

ceeds of-every such sale as aforesaid, at public auction, bestow. No Documents accompanying vees for a short distance, and cut-j

To amend an act more efrectuaiIy'to provide for the organization two per centum, to be 'applied to the use and for the the bill, they have availed ting oft a small point at the mouth,

of the M'litia ,benefit of the Territory of Florida. themselves rf the infdrmalio'1 of of this estuary, a considerable portion
Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Councilof several of the of that immens
Sec. 5. Be further enacted, That it shall be the gentlemen acquainted with waters
the Territory of Florida, That it shall be the duty of duty of all clerks with whom any auctioneer shall ren- the character of the country, through river, would find an outletto the]

the Colonels of such regiments of the Militia as have not der any account, as by the foregoing section of this act which the proposed lanai is intendedto Gulf. through the lakes which would

complied with the provisions of the first section of the i is required carefully to'file and preserve the same in. pass, and from the best lights af- greatly improve their navigation,!

act to" which,this is an amendment, to cause a muster of his office, for the use of who be en- fordrd, they have no hesitation informing oy an accumulation of water, sufi
any person
'such 'regiment! to be held .at such times and places as may the opinion, that the great cient to overcome the feeble resistance j
trusted by the government to settle with such auc
shall be designated by the said Colonels or commanding any importance of a canal communication of the tides, and form a curren

officers of such regiments : Provided, That six tioneer. between the waters of the At- outward to the gulf of Mexico. Bj
6. Be it enacled That
Sec. it shall be the
Weeks notice of the time and place of such muster further lantic coast and the Gulf of Mexico, this mode of conducting the sur

shall be given by posting at the Court house, and at two duty of each and every auctioneer who shall receive justifies the expenditure proposed, plus waters of the Mississippitwo

other of the most in the or retain any money a tax upon auctions, to the use to determine the fact whether such great evils would he avoided, t fj
public places County.
and for the benefit of the Territory of Florida, to pay communication be practicable or the incumbent waters in the river,'

Passed December 7th 1825.A. the same over into the hands of the Treasurer of the not. Nor would the committee hesitate and the reflux from the swamps both

BELLAMY Y, Territory annually, on or before the first day of November in recommending the measure, of which have been found to be det '

President of the Legislative Council.. in each and every year, or quarterly if said were the probability of a favorable rimental to the planters on its bore j ;

J SAML. FRY, Clerk. Treasurer shall'demand payment so often. i result to the examination much more I ders. :I .

[.9]i P ror.ed December 9th 1825.] I Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That if any auctioneer remote than it is. The committeeare It is believed by every person, prac

WAI. P. DUVAL, shall be in possession of any money belonging to the of opinion, from all the informa- "tical or scientific thai levees cannotbe

S' Governor of the Territory of Florida. Territory by virtue of the foregoing sections of this tion which they have been able to extended further up the :Mississippi
that this work is not without 'manifest danger to
act, and shall fail or refuse to pay over the same, at -
but much New-Orleans and the contiguous
the times and in the manner in this act prescribed, it practicable, more easily
than former estimatesand and must be
., shall be lawful for the Treasurer of the Territory to accomplished country, every one con-j
,I opinions have supposed.The vinced, that they are inferior to art j jficial
take such auctioneer and his securi-
., judgment against Committee would further sluices or canals, that would,

ties, upon the bond hereinbefore required, by gh.inghim remark, that, from an examinationof convey the superabundant water t toj
:" ,* AN ACTTo or them ten days written notice of application the maps and charts of the Coast, the sea by other routes than the rij

J to any court of record for such judgment, upon motion, from the mouth of the Mississippiriver ver. it will be seen in Cuvier's e*

and said judgment shall be discharged by paying the to the Appalachicola or the say on the theory of the earth thaf

establish a ferry across the Ocklockony Rivef. sum actually due to the Territory by such auctioneer, Suwanee bay, and from information the learned M. ae Prony had communicated

> I and all costs of suit ;; Provided however, that as oftenas to be relied on in relation to important facts lo explaithe
Be it enacted the Governor and Council
by Legislative such auctioneer shall forfeit the condition of the that coast, they are induced to report changes which took place on tbi,
of the Territory of Florida, That William Ellis, be and aforesaid bond, judgment shall and may be taken and an amendment to the bill by shores of the Adriatic ; having befl

: he is hereby vested with the right aad power of establishing discharged, in the manner in this section authorized, which the survey will be extendedwest appointed to examine into the causeof !

a ferry, and chaiged with the duty of keeping and one recovery on said bond shall be no bar to another through the !bays of St. Andrews, the devastations occasioned bj

the same in good repair, across the Ocklockony river, for the same cause of acct ion. St. Rosa, Pensacola, Perdido, Mobile the overflowings of the Po, he ascertained '
at or near where the old Tallahassee trail crosses the except and Pascagoula, and through that this river, since it wi
Sec. 8. Be It further enacted That all auctioneers,
said river, and the said William Ellis shall continue in ofth lakes Borgne and Ponchartrain, to confined by dykes, had by depos*
under and virtue act shall be allowed
by ,
the enjoyment of the said right of ferry, for the space acting the Mississippi, by the berville or so raised the level of its bottQ
commissions for sales at auction them and each :
so by
often years ; Provided, he shall so long keep the said as the canal Carondelet. It is believed that its surface was higher than ,
ferry in repair. of them made, four per centum upon the amount of that through the lakes, bays and roofs of the houses in Ferrara, _

Sec. 2.Be- it further enacted, That it shall be unlawful sales so actually" made, exclusive of the tax of two -per inlets of this coast, a perfect inland The Adige and the Po; like tW

for other or to establish centum for the Territo ry. navigation may be effected to the Mississippi, are higher than they
any person or
keep a ferry,within two miles persons of this ferry, on said river Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That this act shall Swanee bay, a distance of three jacent country ; and the, remedy)

: by this act provided for ; unless the same shall be in force from and after its passage. hundred Mid fifty miles, by cutting gainst the disasters of annual_ o-.t 1.Clow'
at few points in all not exceeding is by openly l
a lugs suggested,
be for his her or their own exclusive and not for the
use '
Passed December 9th 1825. twelve miles. The appropriation new channels to,discharge the ,

purpose of gathering toll. proposed in the bill, it is believec1, terse ,>

Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the A. BELLAMY, will be sufficient for this additional I beg leave to, make_ an v exfrs, ,

duty of the said William,Ellis, his heirs, executors, purpose. from a work of the most leaned I

administrators,and assigns, at all times to keep in good President of the Legislative Council. Much valuable information on philosophical writer that' I. ves', )

repair a flatboat, or other craft -of sufficient size to ? these subjects, is contained in the of all who have Witch upon, !

Carry'across the said river at any time a loaded wag SAML. FRY, Clerk. letter from'ftir. White, the Delegate !. subject of, 'the Mississippi. ..Ylt}

gon, and team, and that he the said Ellis, shall be from the Teritory of Florida, addres- deep canal ought be..cut., tory '(i1\\

subject tOsuch, regulations as may J be_ established by [Approved December 9th 1825.] sed to the committee, and to which a current from, the: :iver, at;,...

the county court of the county of Gadsden,-fend receive they ask, leave to refer as part of seasons, a nd'abovea ,and beloW_,!

toll agreeably an order of said i court, unless otherwise WM. P. DUVAL, their'report.All efflux,'a strppg ;levtieformea, fr.' "

provided for by the Legislative Council ,of this '",-i- ', of which is. respectfully. submitted the river-td whatever"lake was mathedepqsite. "

Territory. r-Sovernor'*f the Territory of Florida. 4. >, ., ,. Weare,.'' '*, \ far fromj..... -.?;

& r .

___u__ -

.... -, _. .; .". "",' -,.,"'--, ..'-. ,.,." .0 _..." .. .- '" .. ,"-'\ .;'!"r, ..;- '.,.,, ', -, ," : '" "t' .. ': .. .. .:>;-,, 'r .0 :_::':;'.'- '. ,' r ; ,' -"- -t ';":._-,.;" "r..,-- T ,',- ,, .>.".. .. .
# ,, :

that this improvement wilt. gt y''i the Gulf and torn the-Sa- moment's consideration' Vil! elpose t beg leave to carl the fcarticaiar attention Mr. Jt ere; a tfrefcbli Anther\

be meeting carried into effect, though its biie to the Atlantic. the fallacy of such a calculation : of with.I the. committee to the ,maps sent here- of a work entitled ". Divine
too obvious To'effect: an inland navigation of The Grand Canal of NewYorkhas
are "
beneficial consequences have the honor to be, with high consi- Worship, taking our reception
demonstration. 'unbroken continuity for 350 miles been cut where obedients
to demand through a legion derations of respect, your most of
causes oppose themselves to cutting 12 miles-such is the labor mountains were to be cit down and errant, Lafayette as his standard;

TWO all human improvement ; the difficulty to.he performed ; so cheap, natural -. valleys to be filled up, miles of solid Jos. M. White. addresses the French youth,

convincing the public I of and so essential to an uninter- granite to be ex'cavated' rivers to be Hon. Wm. Hendricks, add thus urges their ambition

their utility and practicability, and rupted communication, from the crossed by stupendous aqueducts : Chairman Canals of in the the Senat committee* on Roads find to :fly to the succour of the

the greater difficulty of withdrawing North and East to the West, and a just comparison would demon- I- Greeks :
from their habitual course from the West to the extreme South, strate that several miles might be

Wen When the waters of the main stream ar.d from thence to the Atlantic cut in Florida, where one could be \.LLA\\4 8EE; Bait. .dm r.

flow out through the valley and meet Moreover, Sir, the States of'Tennessee in New York. '* A man is at this moment
outlet such as and Alabama contemplate a The peninsula Florida has been
with no deposite or FRIDAY MARCH 4, 1826. the continent
! the lakes, they rest on the hack lands, cjnal from the Tennessee to the A- variously and erroneously represented -- traversing of N.

and produce a reflux towards the I lziama river ; of which, the Bay of as it suited the visionary specu- THE SEASON. America. The whole population -

river. By forming this communication bile will be the outlet; thus ren- lations of those who have written on During the months of Decemberand crowd aroUnd him ; ironi

all these evils to the inhabitants daring this canal important to those the subject. I have lately seen it asserted the weather in this the sources of the rivers, and.
are obviated, and the terrors of gcrevasse Sates, and more valuable to the U- by one writer, bit it was a January partof the recesses of the forests
in Uie levee, with its consequent nion. The people of the West have solid mass of limestone, by another, .the Territory was uncommonly se- they
destruction avoided.It Icng had to contend against difficulties that it,was a sand bank, both equally vere. Cold storms of rain, succeeded flock to see him ; the maidens

is not incumbent upon me to and dangers in transportingtheir remote from the truth. Lime- by winds from the North and of the banks of the Ohio crowa

disc ss this subject here, further produce to a foreign market. stone in masses, mat be found in Northwest were very severely felt him with flowers ; the youths

than to exhibit! such a view of it. Though nature had given them a situatiotis more elevated and remott by those new settlers \\ho, relying desire to, behold him to touch
will demonstrate to the Committee great outlet To the sea, it is far removed from the sea ; but in the peninsulait on the general mildness of the clI- his ,
as the old
the necessity tlf, at least, a sur- from the cause of Europan occurs in regular strata, with the mate, were but indifferently pre- garments ; men to

vey, thai v ('lreS6 may be enabledto trade ; plunging into the Gulf of msterstices occupied by e rt hand pared to meet the rigors of so hard a press his hand before they lose

act upon the certain information Mexico, they have many perils, to exuvia. This general character is winter. For many nights we were him These marks of respectwill

and official res' unsibilit/ of its own brave, many leagues to traverse, be- demonstrated, not Mtily in the numer- visited by heavy frosts ; and in few. be tramsmitted from generation -

tn ''nre..s. There are several poin/ts fore they reach the Atlantic. The ous sinks and cavities which indent instances, water was congealed to to generation ; they will

below the Manshac, at which communications dangers of the navigation subject the superstrata, but by the infinite the thickness of a crown piece. become family documents.
might be formed with them, on their outward passage, to number and variety of subterraneanwatercoarses At
Strawberry blossoms and other ilow-
Lake Ponchartrain by cutting ess shipwreck and plunder. Should they that pent-irate and pre- his approach the magistrates '
of the forest in
** common
than fie miles. One at Bennet be fortunate enough to escape, on vade the bowels of the earth. Andit ers were make r' dm to receive him among -
is said that the tneir retuin home with the is although January, but did not make their appearance -
quarre, where it produce important to remark that [them ; his presence diffusejuy -
this 'till .
river, at low water, is ten feet higher of their enterprise; they are retarded the presence limestone i isa year February.No in the cities he. ,
than the lake ; the greatest eleva- by the Gulf Stream, :Florida prominent feature, yet it is only a material injury, we believe was ; brings f

tion of the river at that point, during Capes, and the Still more appaling portion of the general mass, for, sustained by fruit trees &c. Since glory to the tombs of, the brave ; i

the spring floods, i<* estimate! dangers of Pirates.' within, short distance of the margin the beginning of this month,however, : it might bb thought that tluy t{.

at twenty three feet : this quantity Nature has given to theVest of the great Alachua prairie, .7 the weather has assumed a more fa- had waited for. him to bt-gin i

expanding over such a surface as the finest river in the world ; and if near the centre of the peninsula, a vourable aspect. i I| their immortality ; he hiri-self 1

the l lake, would produce but a slight the Cr.ivernment will remedy the defects well 32 feet deep penetrated 29 of the Fine warm,days, and copious rains is loadedvith benedictions

effect, whilst it w-iuld greaily: diminish of its distant disemborguemenl, distance through an uninterrupted alternately succeeding each other, and I

the body, an I, consequently, they start with their Atlantic brethren bed of clay, to a compost of claysand have given such an impetus to inanimate honors.bat, then, has he

the danger of the river. in the equal race of wealth and and shells, where water was obtained nature, that vegetation is rapidly done ? Is he a prince or po- i j
}prosperity, on the great high way of and at another well; distant three advancing. The peach trees I tt'utate ? NoVih! ( the means (-.

Should either of those two points European commerce, and the issue is miles, but near the same prairie, are about changing their gaudy dress. at the command of a private .
he found two difficult or impracticable left to their energy.From limestone occurred ; but it opposed i .
a canal oas !been projected and the lowness of its banks and no other obstacles to excavation than of veri gated hue for a more permanent man, he assisted an oppressed f

surveyed, at or near N e w-Orleans, the frugality of its levees, the Mississippi what were easily surmounted by mantle of green. The foliage of the i nation. Young Frenchmen !
from the river i inio ihe lake eitherof delicious fig, as well as the humble I this is the
; often bursts its embankments the axe and spade. From these da- picture ) ou should
which will! accomplish; t ht sub- and overwhelms the farms la therefore and others afforded shrub and the towering giants of the have before it is
ject, of a commencement of the inland that cover its bottoms ; and it wuuld b'y the spacious and deep beds of the forest are bursting from their embryostate of eyes

navigation f f!ow the :Mississippiaround be idle to say to the Committee Lakes with which this region abounds ; and the profusion of the fra- worthy you.

our southern coast, to the that such inundations: over netds ,it is evident that the work grent wild flowers, now in their full.

aiianiic. Through the lakes, and I of cotton and sugar are ruinousin of excavation for a canal is in a bloom and beauty, together with the We are happy to perceivethat

be.'und the isl.tds, which stretch the extreme. To diminish this great measure performed by naturi:, melodious chanting of the love-in- an account of the life, writings -

alu.ig- the coast ..r! pv. Gulf, there isasde danger in the slightest!! degree and that the remainder may be completed spired tenants of the air, render a : and speeches, of the late

interior passage to mobile would be national benefit, far greater without encountering any of stroll through our lovely groves irresistibly -! \\ illiam is about
Pinkney to
Buy, ;u tiisTjitce of .0 miles, free than would be commensurate with the difficulties inseperable from regions inviting. ,

for vessels: of-any size that might be the cost to be incurred. 1 have i characterised by primary for- The fine weather of this month. be published by Henry Wheaton -

ea. )loyed in thai trade, without any therefore, suggested, that, by clearing mation. promises the agriculturalists a pros- Esq. The, work will in-,

impediment! except the slight obstruction ,out the Manshac, the first stage The route of this canal will pass season and an abundant har- elude sotrie of the speeches of

)between the river and in the great route of canaling, you through a country abounding with perous vest. We are happy to.learn. from Air. Pinkney in Congress and
lk's. Btnveen the bays of Mobile : outlet channels anti
give to the Mississippi an lakes, and natural ,
-- different that at the Bar which have
aru rtiisar ,la'a distance of 50 through which much of its surplus where! excavation may be necessary, parts, great prepara- never
m.les, there are but iwo Lakes tions are making fC'r crops of sugar before been published.
interruptions volume would pass, into the it will be in clay and argillaceous
l', the water comainic.ati on-a nrst, and then into the Gulf, without soil, and occasional limestone, and cane, cotton and especially corn ; and .I%at. Journal.

portage from Bon ,:'ecurs Bay toirid. hazard to its borders, and with man- the banks could be secured, if occasion I therefore trust we shall never again ..: .- .

., 01 four and a half miles, ifest relief to its levees. It is thus required, by the cedar and cypress experience the difficulty which we

Iron, !!hc latter to the Grand that another eligible mouth is crea- of which the vicinity i rut rushes recently met with in obtaining, or TWENTY FIVE BAGS SALT+

Laj on. uhich communicates withP ted, where it ia so eminently useful ; an ample supply. As the'object is the extravagant price demanded for JUST RECEiVED $

>04' .-i Buy: near.. the point lately a portion: of the waters, too great for to obtain more accurate information, : the latter article, which amounted ,
s '-cteJ:: :n the United tates fora its bed and current drawn off, by the employment of scientific engineers f almost prohibition among many Per schooner Florida, and for saleAT

navy yard and naval depot ; making a surplus ruinous to its settlers and any further remarks this of us, of that necessary part of our
rn inland.. navigation for that hazardous to New,Orleans. By this subject would be superfluous. subsistance. : THE STORE OFWrri.

distance, "cutting five miles only work the marshes:: are drained, the The attention of the American people has Wright
almost in a dirtct line, through a hot-bed of fever broken and death internal, ,
up been strongly to improvements ,Cotton, our latest quotations are as St. Marks, March 4 1826
level country and a soil mixed with I strangled in its cradle. By the draining The brilliant example of Great Britain -I follows "
clay and sand, furnishing every pros the delta of the Mississippi in tie: old world *nd ot the States ofNew I ;, ,
of excavation.But York and Ohio in the new, furnish a Viz. at Petersburgh Virginia ,
pect reclaimed
easy millions ofacres of land are MedicalttiCe..
happy augury of its extended utility to the 11 1-2 to 1,31-2
Sir, to show that nature her- from inundation a boundless field citizens of this Union. The waters of the At Charleston 12 1-2 to 13 DOCTORS WATKINS & TUCKER,
self intended*this route to be continued for industry and enterprise opened to Eastern Main. are already' connected with having connected themselves in the
ofthe North, which in their turn, At Savannah 12tpl4At .
the of and, in the the lakes
I leave to point the aitenI growers sugar practice of Medicine would respectfully -
beg freed by enterprize of Ohia, will soon pour out Augusta 12 to 13 ;
I tion of the Committee to the facilities course of time, our country their,___ waters-_ into the Ohio river. burthened tender their professional
embraces Rosa Sound from the tribute she now pays to the with the of a mighty nation. To s'er.icesto '
j anta produce their friends and the public -
for the .,q new tzefor Cotton.-By a: late
makes out from the bay of Pensacola West India Islands purchase discant on the utility ofa measure like this, '-
40 miles Choctawhatchie of this necesary article of consumption. would be useless By itthe products of the experiment made in Rhode Island, it 0
of to soil are w.xfted to a distant depot ; the tiller i is found that Cordage for vessels of Tallahassee, March 4. tf
about the'same from the
length, latitude hemay
in what
of the soil, no matter
end ofvInch a few uiiles up East \This canal would connect all the live no matter how distant his dsti every description, can be made of

I river, will reach point within five bays and rivers of the Gulf, furnisha Plies may have thrown him from the ocean cotton instead of hemp, and will be RECEIVED PER ANGELINA

I miles ot" the \Vest end of t. Andrew's safe and easy conveyance, from allineir he finds, b} the bounties of PtO\-idence' or'better quality and last longer. I
ramifications of the valuable and the enterprise Government, the mer AND FOR SALE FOR
Bay, through' a soil and surface Should this fact be found upon further -
borders chant at his door ready to exchange for his
of their '
presenting no il'mculties: to the u&nberand pi eductions labors, the price:: of its'valire, and thus new trial to be without doubt, it will :
i continuation of the work ; from thai to the ports from which they facilities are added to the channels of commerce prove of vast importance to our Southern cm&rII

| point to the E..s: ei.d of the bay, hi cou.u be most conveniently shipped ; which have been scattered by the StatesRal.. Reg '
an incJ value to the public bountIful God of nature, with so prodigal a @
I a line with tht whole ij :ule, is about give bbls. mess Pork,
which it would hand, over our continent.
twenty-four miles fro.n thence to ianos through the Metreologlcal observations in the 10 kegs leaf Lard, 0

the Chjpoia river, at a point neal ps*, and thus remunerate Fifty years ago, :canals were' unknown in vicinity of Tallahassee during, the 15 ,bbls. brown Sugar, ;

"Uich there is a Urge, op'-n natural Covernment for its expenditure. England, and within that period, fifteen month 1826. 10 bags buck Shot, 1
in the letter to the Secretary of million have been expended in their con- .
communication, fr>m the ApalacMcola 5 bbls. Molasses10
War in this communication, I struction ; their foreign commerce has beeneiferged Thermometer heat. ,-
is abouttwo milts. Tnus, have,advanced as opinions with confidence and their internal trade has far excelled Highest ,78 dgs. bags ground Liverpool Salt*
vrnh the inconsiderable obstructions It in' ex'ent, value, and importance .
in particulars, Lowest .' 40 dgs; 0' H. Bond..
which some
at lie Mississippi, the mnovui of One hundred and sixty-five acts of Parlia-
small) impi-climcnts at a few points, perhaps in many, may be erroneous ; .ment have been',passed for making and per- Mean for month 62,33 dgs. February tf

an.'l the cutting of twcUe miles, an but the confidence has been inspired fecting them., What results may not be anticipated ., WEATHER. 1
their general from this infernal navigation in the 9
inland navigation be effected of 'by a conviction of Clear days 1
may of this WORK
the completion
1350 milrs. from the Mississippi to correctness from observation during work United, the States commerce? By of the whole continentwill Cloudy .'. 2 days' BLACK SMITH :

[the Ai) \1C ,i'.oh, the place at which nearly four years' residence in the be changed ; boats will pass with safety Alternating between cloudy subscriber! gives notice tA

the survey it to terminate, by the country, and the best information from St. Louis and, Pittsburg, to the interior and clear days'' THE Citizens Tallahassee?,
bill which been enable to obtain Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia ; '
r-ferred I have between clou-
to your Committee.It ,Alternating that h'e
attention their products throughthe also the public in gcceral,
whose will
States return
is t. :tl'n that nature is so from intelligent persons, its exambation. same channel to the centre of the Union,' dy and clear with occa-; has a Smiths Shop on" th'e main

bountifu: to a people, as to those of has bren Directed to or meet shipping for foreign ports, around I sional showers of rain 5 days street, north of the public Square.

the southern and Western States, In my mciejudgmtthe the ,Florida coast, at the most convenient I Ip Hard rain .. .. .' 5 days Those who will favor him with
has distant, when a
bountiful of the work is not
in the luxuriance of soil expense rts. The period be
the i their cu'stom their"work shall I
Mr. York111 pass up ,
and overratedWhen at New ,
boat starting
in the variety of products, and greyly Ohio canal, : "28 the
of grand canl, through the lakes, days' dOll faithful, at as 16* prices as
bountiful estimated expense
to in facilities this
excess the Mississippi along -
me afford.
down will
the and thence times and place
pf commerce. The rivers that flow thermal: from the Mississippi to channel, and discharge her cargo at.MobOe, WIND.North John Green. '
into Atlantic millions dollars, Marks Augustine,' Sa -, "
the Mississippi connect together at three I Pensacola and: St ;
remote concep- : Charleston, by a safe navigation 3 days February 1'0' tfALMANACS
the Western tafs, whilst the he had not the most vannahor ,
much transportation in time of N. N. 2 .
item ,
Southern are connected by the tion that nature had done so- The heavy Cuba ceases to '- .
Whata war, is diminished ten fod.! E. ". 2 days
sounds towards accomplishment.
lakes, and bayous, which to us in a politicalpoint
I form, and the rivers which flow into diffrrent estimate would he have be of of any view importance;.the Moro castle has S. W.o. .' 'S 5 days :
this if had known that,in 360 the are brokenup Variable with'occasional ,.
great jqjand; channel,extending mad, he rorsin time of wr ; pirates '
around our Southern coast. The mile} of that distance only twelve ,.an expensive naval armament lands is are no Jon.ger en- calms .. .' ,,, 16 days : FOR THE YE.4B ," 1
body:!: and braqches of this mighty mile! of excavation was l equired.Wien necessary; the public of the In.. :

river and canal, will hold them u- the subject of..canals is in- dies need and in oftbe value Southern; ,the commerce continent,.will pass i ,' US
.mted by ,the indissoluble ,link of trod. ed. the'mind is involuntarily through our borders,' and the various couV, I Ir '.
trade, interest & intercourse hilst Jed tJ the estimate, from a compar-' mereUL military and.poliucal ad V ant&ges be of, w IiITiI G : H ,If _':;
.. destmles
the ship channel will connect them ison vith other works ;. and'as.there this great nation rising into be de- For Sale at thift Office. <
of mortal eyewill with neatness and, despatch at
in the yond the reach
with magnitude
the East is bui of
at ever) harbor; port one great A Vel oped and called fet practical opcratidn. this office ,
and ?At.Qf- contact from the Alle- Unitii, States, that is selected. __0 .
1 .
,- -, -- f
4 .

ik i "'

__: :._.
r S lrT

. months there will not be a single set Proposals for publishing, in"Nashville rences, :in our own & foreign cc m- STORAGE 4- COiJij101
A VALUABLENATIONAL of the previous volumes had, Tennessee weakly :paper, tries The proceedings of congret. &

WORK. as the expense will.deter the, editor to be entitled the NATIONAL BANNER of the states legislatuies"will. be 10- m'lJit IlmmUSJ9\ '1

\ FrOm the Philiad. Ac/ Gar. from every reprinting them. and 'Literary, Political and ticed, & such as are'material an ,of

.. The weekly journal, called the [Bait. Patiiot.To Commerical Gazette. general interest minutely recorded. APPALACHICOLA. BAY.rriHE .
; American published at Baltimore give a better view of the scope The main object of the: proposed It is not intended to engage in any subscriber t .
-. is, doubtless, one of the most and tenor of the American Farmer, publication'will be the development of the little political controversi of .L forms his friends and the C'-
useful works of the kind with which the following sketch is subjoined ; be :. of the resources, physical and men the times, nor to make this paperhe zens of the
ing the table of contents of the first tal, of this but and of country generally,
I_ any country has been enriched. It young thriving vehicle personal or party feel !he has commodious Store Houses
[./ has done incalculable service to the seven numbers, of the seventh volume : important section of our common ing. It will occasionally howeverbe this for the
place of
fc United States by promoting the first now in conrse of publication. The country. Connected with this object devoted to the support of what redeemed duce and ,merchandise.reception All bush J Pl.
subjects' treated of are illustrated by as its means and its results,
: branch of domestic industry, agriculture important cardinal' political entrusted to him will be thankfi
b'* to the advancement of which, excellent engravings when necessry. will be, the diffusion ol intelligenceof principles. It will sometimes discuss received and the strictest ]
i CONTENTS OF No. I.-On the culture description calculated to interest of attentipaid
: in all material details, it is especial- every questions political econouy. to the of all
i ly dedicated Therein department and preparation of Cotton foi : and benefit the communitythe It will inculcate respect for our ffd- dispatch ord
he be favoured
f. of husbandry on which it has not fur- market, with engravings of Machinery vindication of our just reputation eral and stale constitutions, and a duce may him with,p
l, nished abundant information, scientific used-On the value und economy the support of our rights, and the strict undeviating compliance with direct consigned to can be sbKJ
New Orleans
'"; and practical, so that the seven of the Ox over the IIor for Agricultural promotion of our interest, not onlyas their provisions. It will discountenance ped southern to or I 8

1k y\ quarto volumes of which it is now labour. Givat match brtw.euImpro'ed Americans but as citizens of the all undue interference between port.
LT composed, are the best repository Short Horn and Hertford west. Thepaper will beas its name the several departments of the governments Jr.
! extant for the American cultivator. Cattle, which produced' much excitement importseminently national. It will and all unnecessary and February 10 3t

) The most intelligent and distinguish- lately in England-On the have no narrow views, will be devo- dangerous collisions between the

f .d of this class throughout the Uion -.agacily unti usefulness of the Shep ted to nu party, will encourage norejuthJ states respectively and the nation.It cair @mrmTHE
herd's Col. J. 11. PoweOnthe : ,, It will be at
have contributed to its pages instructive Dig br : ( S. designed will discou. age sectional jealousies -
b very interesting facts and culture of the Grape and Mauniaclure once 101' the gratification and improvement and local prejudices. But whileit subscriber having taken tlj

I: specnlations, which render it a permanent of Wine, as now practised i of the scholar: the lover strives thus to cultivate a national of G. DAV1S|
in France, by L''obl>1Jroot-edingi i of science the professional man, theta
work reference and a sorce spirit, it will boldly maintain the and Co. will hereafter sell goods fa
;. of entertainment Horticultural Society of London ano > uitr, tin merchant, the mechanic, and
even to merely rights zealously support the interests Cash, and decline running accoun
t. their election of the Editor of the the fi lend to religion! the free mason, of
Its within the
inquirers. progress a few western country. It will of which customers are requested
not little remakablc for American Farmer as a member of i ihe philam ,iropisi the statesman, endeavor to the claims of ,
years, is: a as point out take notice and those indebted
(: "we have been told, it was undertakenand their body-On the' prat ability ol l I he j.t'lnuian, the newsmonger, and the west by developing the real char- make payment the eatliest opportilnity.
r issued by the editor, ..MrJ.. S. obtaining: God \\ ater It; JJU\v on the the light reader. Every effort will acter of this younger portion of the .-The usual assortment is to
: Skinner, postmaster at Baltimore, surface by boring, iu almost unv situation be made to furnish some: thing, at confederacy ; and without underval- had on the lowest terms in this city

. without a single subscriber orcorres- No.2.-On-: Snoriiuiiiiiiu the- o.ihcrAnecdoJLb.luii: once n-jurUhing and palatable for uing the rights or merits of the citi- i Abraham 'llussel, jun.
The obvious of its burning these states of other sections of
.pondent. utility zens the countryit N. B. All will
directions for the use oi >u>nc Limb Alibi of sort produce
Ial portion its columns
design, the uumber aud value of the win assert the equal rights and taken in for
as manure, with! an engraving of las vvi'l l he occupied original articles exchange goods.
correspondents, it soon acquired, and by merits at'the brave, hardy, and intelligent 10 tf
the indefatigable zeal and judicious lime kiln, l by John Patterson, Ebq. 01 on [literatuie and science, and the sons of the west. The immense February ,

; management of the editor brought it Baltimore County-A full accuuiu ol nuu.bei' talents, and at quirements of i importance of turupike roads JUST RECEIVED,
, in so short a time inio its present tat: t lims'm' i> .1J1&1nag'llIl>ut ol his gentlemenvho are pledged) to contribute canals, and.other branches, of internal -

high and wide repute and authority. celebral'-d premium' the Suit 1 are a sufficient guaranty for improvement, will be illustratedand for sale low for cash, or
Since its establishment, many associations of New York-Lu the diseases: ol various the respectability HIM value of these enforced, and every effort will AND and five bales Domestics?

have been formed in the Fruit i ret s and how to .cute articles. The most interesting new be made to induce the people of Tennessee ,H. Bond. '

Southern states, for the improvementof tiicm, by James \\ ol"th, of'Penns- woikb, from lime to time may issue to give them at least a fair ex Corner of Capitol Square an
\"ulua-Ou iht construction oi Hail Irom thi both in this
the iinplt ments processes, & gene press country periment.A Monroe street.
. ral condition of agriculture The sub- Roatib-rLxtractb horn llu Note Bookof and Europe, will be noticed and crit- miscellaneous department will February 10. tf
_ _
ject has become a fashionable topic a desultory reader. I icised. The situation and progress be devoted to the entertainment of -
; ol"investigation and discussion in the No. 3.-A resent English priza i of our own literary institutions will those who arc fond of occasional J. & N. UAMLtiN,

. cities as well as in rural circles, and Ebsay on tile Horse, )\uh an eltgaiuengraving I be strictly attended to, and frtquent- relaxation from more severe employment St. Marks, ,

youg gentlemen of fortune hac been showing' by its propt ly pointed out The diffusion of by the perusal of tales, anecdotes just received from-N. .
t I stimulated to abandon the idle pleas- term every purt (H the ammalihis. l learning, by COlt.mUll schools, acad brc.Such by the Schr. Amelii|

tires of-town & village life in cider to papt-r a lone is worth to every farmer mies, and colleges, established and is a brief outline of the ob-, anti offer for sale low for cash tl.\.

viu the respectibility, not to say distinction the subscription for a year)- patronised arming ourselves, will be jecc intended to be accomplished:: by following articles, viz,
now attendant on a success- i.xtracisonarious subjects, from especially regarded and most zealously tue publication here proposed. It is Four bugar Boilers.

ful and enlightened cultnre ,of the soi.'. Agricultural addressesValuable suggestions encouragedScientific\ le- meant to combine the advantages 2 Bales 3 pt. blankets
We as well as many others whose << on the improvement ol \VcoiHogs searches into the gtology and natu- of a magazine and a newspaper 2 do3l.2do dodo

./ pursuits are most remote from those extratr\. lwl'YHight oi lal history of the western country tor the successful accomplishment .1 4 do do
of the plough and dairy, have been some and their kcl.'p-Numerous valuable \\ ill claim particular at tenlion, whileits of this! design, the publisher will rely 1 do4l-2do dodo
.... pleased and edified when we have seen receipts: -Sporting!: ana oiheiAnecdoies. topography and statistics will be upon the promised aid and united! 1 5 do

our countrymen of the descrintion occasionally I noticed. Every thing effoits of sevel al gentlemen of dis'- 6 ps. flagg silk hhkfs.
- --- --
; mentioned No4..-On the culture and qualities likewise connected with its first settlement talents and
jnst contending eagerly linguhhed acquirements. 2 ps. Osnaburg
for the prize for the best butter or of various Grasses-On the comuara- taj/ul growth, and piestnt as well as upon the editorial skill 10 doz 1-2 pt german tumblers

the finest cattle-i, and old farmers \ive value and economy of tne. Horse condition will be carefully bought- exiiei-- -'-I'it'nc----- _and_n__ attainments___ ____ __ of-- them _" 10 do do do plain flint do
from -improved Short Horn Cattle-The after and full detailed. : individual whom its ; '
sendiug to market three to lour to general supiiitenutnce 6 liquor cases snperior qu
Cherokee Ruse-On the qnalities ol Reports will be furnished of the
t thousand pounds of butter annuaiU and principal manage- 4 bbls. sugar
; vho, before, the appearance of the agriculture Stucco, as used for protecting and proceedings of our higt.est courts of melt will be confided.It 10 sacks coffee
beautifying the exterior ol Houses law, and ol i important h:gal decisions;
journals would have been almost is surely time that some exertions 6 cases claret wine
ashamed to have it said that the On the-construciioii of Rail Ways, and commuu C article was one of any considerationin being premium Essay from Scotland subjects, with of extraordinary and public-spirited citizens of Tennessee 7 1-2 dOz porter

the scheme of theit operations. : with.all the engravings.No. cases: ami th. ir modes of ,to vindicate the literary char- 9 casks nails from 4 to 10d
Owing to the variety and excel- I 5.--A valuable Essay on treatment, will, he given.The acter of the state and to demonstratethe 2 kegs powder
lences of the contents of Mr. Skinners's Sheep, the origin, management, and man of business will find, under extent of her mental, moral, and 10 bbls. whiskey
qualities of the -Spanish Meiino our banner! mu", h that may be
publication, it has atracted physical resorcesNothing is wanting 14 bags of shot, as orted
much notice and esteem in other parts Flocks by Anthony Moriis, Esq. from useful and interesting to him. No but a concentration. of effort I 36 prs sad> irons
of our hemisphere and in Europe. It notes made in Spain On curing pains will be spared to procure the it is hoped therefore, thai the impor- I I 30 sacks salt
bas been demanded from G. Britian, Tobacco--Indian corn, Curious and earliest, most minute and accurate tance ol the object will furnish a 5 bbls. peach brandy

Spain, France Cuba. JAmaica, &c. valuable expuiments in the culture intelligence of the state of the markets surhcient stimulus. and that Tennessee 4 m. corks assorted
and some celebrated periodical worksof of, by Mr. eabrook, of S. Carolina both foreign and domestic. A will no longer be content with 5 fresh mackerel

a similar character, have been sent Proceedings ol the Pennsylvania Ag- correspondence win be opened anti the humble obscurity to which it i St. Marks, Oct 29, 1825.
in exchange for it from.Enghmd and ricultural Society Orchard Grass, it-gularly maintain. with New-Or- has hitherto been destined. Such I
France. It is printed iu avery handsome a valuable practical essay on its cnl It aus anti' the principal eastern cities, a publication as is now intended, is -rn
and commodious mauner, as we ture, qualities, and value On the specially for tile purpose of procur- an important desideratum and if conducted WM. ALLISON McRE..

s can testify, having before us all the I cultme of Vines i he Holly used in ing and furnishing in detail, such with zeal, may no doubt fur- ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT LA
numbers of the present, the seventh lit dgir.g On the cultivation of the lilt lligence as ma) be important to fish facilities for the increase as

Tolnme, for which paper and'l'pe of W hite 2iiulbeiry and the Silk Worm the aierchant and the farmer- The well as the display of our literary at- \V
-a superior quality are used. We On various canals- interesting prices ol our staple productions and tainments. The proposal is therefore ILL practice his professi
have observed a statement in the '! miscellaneous items-'Sporting: An of the principal articles of impoitatioii respectfully offered to the public in-the Superior and Inferior Con
ecdutes. the extent o, the demand, the of Leon and the Supei
newspapers, that the editor has yet I with the utmost confidence of county,
for sale, one hundred complete sets No. 6.A very able and interesting rates of exchange, &c. will be given i! adequate encouragement and sup- Courts of Jackson and Gadsde'
one the Union AgiKuUurai i with as much promptitude anll ac- : Court of he1
Report the
of six volumes, which are likely to be of port. ..... Also, Appeals, ,.,
A --- -
-- -
disposed of in the course of a twelve Society, on the culture of the Oliv- cur jicy as possible. portion lerms-Ihe National- -Banner Tallahassee. His omce is in '.1 .

month, but not to be reprinted.We and the Vine in the Souiluen btales the paper will be unifonmy demoted will be printed on a large superroyal lahassee, on the Public Square

may presume that such a jour Prucedings of the Agricultural Society to the subject agriculture, and the be sheet, with a neat typt:, entirely new, few doors East of Wm. Wyatts,
nal has a multitude of not Albeiuarle On Docking hor mechanic and inaufacturer and for the canals
patrons, procnred expressly pur- either of which places, he
only in the class practical farmers, fes-On preventing Dogs from killing, iurnished with accounts, as as pose. It will be published weekly, times be consulted.
but of land owners, whose interests Sheep-On the Potato-Un the cu.- can be obtained, of tue most valuable bj John S. Simpson, at three dollarsa 17 1826. tfl
that from February ,
of the Vine and the Manufacture impiovements may
it is alike adapted to promote. ture year, payable in advance, or four
I' Whatever may be its situation, we of Wine-On the structure ann; power time to time be made in the productions dollars at the end of the year.-Advertisements -
shall add the expression of our sincere Locomotive Steam Engines withan of the arts and in the various will be inserted on the James F. Trotte, } Attachment j'

"- wishes for the greater prosperity of engraving of one with waggons species of machinery.Tne usual terms.CABthEI'. vs. > Leon Supe

"what has increased, and mnst continue attached-A valuable communication great cifurts that are makingfor --- Wright & Triplet. ) Court.
to increase, the dignity and pro on the Cotton trade of England.No. the d fiusion ol moral ami religious A LL persons* concerned are b(

:fitableness of occupations which we 7.-An esay on the, practice of truth: and the extension olthe MAKING jfj by desired to take notice, j
:honour ; and to which the nation ploughing from and to plants ana its blessings of civilization, will bcll re- AND I have this day levied an AM

cannot attach too much:conseq uence. injurious efi*;'cts. The expanding fully waiched ana then results made wm J! force of fermentation. known. Without entering into the one lot of corn supposed to. be

The ,marked fertility arising from : disstntiuns; of sectarian: controversyor I 150 to 200 bushels, also, on tii.
OrThe: price of subscription to the plo ghing in BuckWheat, oi turningup attempting to furnish the details THE Subscribers respectfully in- stacks of blade fodder, and all'
Americon Farmer is g5 per anum in .a' Clover .from a Wheat crop. of missionary enterprises, a faithful 'their friends and the pub- farming tools Walnut Hill;
advance. .Each volnme has a title- The depth of ploughing should be in record will be given of the must important lic generally, that they have openeda on one' lough at Gen. Cali'sAll '
page and an index, and 52 weekly propotion to the.aninlal and vegetablematter intelligence: icspecting the Cabinet Shop, at the corner of of the above named prop

numbers make the volume. The topics contained in the soil-Bank-1. progress of our holy religion in every Monroe Street and Washington pointed out by the plaintiff a s
are first and chiefly Agriculture ing with the spade, together with a part of the world.A Square, where the business is carried'on property of the defendants, levied
furniture made
Internal Improvement, and Domestic thing: or two on the subject of Wood- corner will be occasionally devoted extensively, and the 28th day 'November 1825.
Economy. It treats moreover of enroled ShoesReclaimed Marshes etc to an account of masonic agreeably to best style and; most \Ym. CAMERON, ShenJ. .

Natural History of onr Internal Resources -: by O. W. P.Custis-On the improve proceedings, so far as they may be modern fashions. Leon'County, February 10...
and of Rural Sports.; and merit of Sheep and other domestic deemed interesting to the craft and Having a large supply of superior' -4.
about one page of earn nnmber is animals-Remedy for Hoven Sheep worthy publication ; and a regular mahogany and other appropriate .
dedicated to the LADIES, under the aud Cattle-Oo the management of register will be furnished of the timber on hand together with readymade ra J
head "THE' LADIES* DEP ARl'-. Milk Cows and rearing Calves The officers from time to time elected in furniture, they will hence be The s subscribers having enterta''

WENT in which are inserted articles Cherokee, or Nondescript Rose, in the several grand lodges and grand always ableand ready to attend punctually partnership underthe firm of TIA!

on the cnlture of Flowers, and Maryland-An account of the over chapters throughout the United to all -ALSO-orders forwarded J them, ,and Jos. R. Betton on 2d JanfTurbottR .'

Fruits, and Vegetables, on Cookery, flowing Well in the garden of the States. ?, ..
and with a great number of useful Horticultural Society at Chiswick, Nor will political lopics and the Turning of every description-will be Jos.\,1-\

Recipes, and the exact prices of the with description of the manner of executing news of the day be ,overlooked. A done :with despatch and in d the best We have lately received a ..
principal articles which Farmers and the work:Fisheries. summary will be given in a conden- manner. Rob't P. Boyce Co. assortment of Dry goods Grow

Planters have to buy and to sell, are Persons wishing to subscribe may sed form indeed, but as much in detail Tallahassee, NQv. 12,18251 tf. etc.which.we will sell on good "

given in every number. Any person inclose aSS note, directed to the as ,the limits of such a publication l.
wishing to subscribe, has only to Editor, and at his risk, by the mai, will per 'it, Sc as much so pro PRINTING I I j Turbott & Jos. R.: .4.t

.enclose gS by mail, to Mr. J. S. Skin- .or pay it to a. neighbouring Postmas bably as to the mass readers may :Executed with" neatness and ,dejp:atcti at Tallahassee iYth. 826. ffI

user, B&tivib1eftthisrisk. In a few ter. be important. -ofthe.promine-nt-- occur- I this office. J} I