The Everglades news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00079910/00355
 Material Information
Title: The Everglades news
Alternate title: Belle Glade news
Alternate Title: News
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Everglades News Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Canal Point Palm Beach County Fla
Creation Date: October 8, 1948
Publication Date: -1967
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Canal Point (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Belle Glade (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Canal Point
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Belle Glade
Coordinates: 26.861944 x -80.630556 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1924.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 44, no. 30 (Sept. 29, 1967).
General Note: Editor: Howard Sharp, <1924-1928>.
General Note: Publisher: Louis S. Goolsby, <1929>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 37 (Nov. 21, 1924).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001981538
oclc - 32615395
notis - AKF8469
lccn - sn 95026042
System ID: UF00079910:00355
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Glades observer
Succeeded by: Everglades observer

Full Text

Y Off.ld4


-:- Flood Control Editi


The Truly DisIm uislie! Mind P

L Prefers fie Provinces*



| October 8 1948 '


_______ u __

Fuller Warren Says Federal Flood Control Project .

Holds Key To Survival Of Entire State's EconomyAction

wwww -... -
in Florida's flood control
members of the flood control cor.t- months will be
program was promised Saturdayat mittee. We will try "With the same unity in the hat I oppose new taxes. \Ve'ncarrying

Kissimmee by Governor Ap- to lay the groundwork for prompt Legislature, our problems should a back-breaking burden
Fuller wasVarren.s address f" action when the 1949 Legislature be quickly soh'ed.In ."
parent at a meeting :- now But this is
only one to stress State unity .n connes.- something nev.
attended by more than 100 dealing with the problem of his address: Warren pointed something that couldn be foreseen -
recu.- !'
legislators engineers and official! ruig floods Speaker after speaker Senators Pepper and Hollan-1 i out that the State's ultimate char? It's a new function of government -

from 19 South and Central Florida - from all parts of the State--declared also referred to the control program i of the cost of the flood contn So we've got to raise tsmon..y
counties. actual construction of which ; will be from ,
planning and financing of program in neighborhood tax sources not j'.t
During the day long st'Ssion. heM the control will be centered in 18 South an 1 t of $35.000,000, tapped.
program must be on a
at the Lake Wilson ranch of W. J.Sneed. State-wide basis Central Florida counties" as a I. But our immediate task," he "There's no thcicr. The problem
Orlando Warren. "State-wide problem. said, "is to
attorney Caldwell emphasized the centrai raise something over must be solved I flew over
1. Declared the $208,000,000 Fed- theme: "I can't believe" 'said Pepp"- S3OOOOOQ This is our share cf parts of the Everglades on my wtoy

eral flood control project in South "If have "when one-third of our citizen-* the first phase of the program already I here todd '. I'm going; back this

and Central Florida "holds the key I we we will even take mediocre intelligence are affected there is one citizen authorized by Congress. afternoon to have another 100:":.

to survival of the entire State's the advantage of so sectionalized as not to recognize "We can't delay on this. We've Whats happening out there is

economy and therefore ruled out opportunity afforded us to enjoy this as a problem for the got to have it-now. The Stath8.IJJ't enough to make you sick. Tne8tu'a
fruition of this "
great con- .whole State of
sectionalism Its ;
In extension. got that money in tn! \\' still
trol program which 'will benefit rising,.The losses ale
2. Scoffed at any contention that Senator Holland- praised the Treasury. We've got to raise J.l tJready ternbl -.
everyone in the State.
its value 'remains to' be proved, i State-wide unity cf action which And there's only one way to ra1el- '"
"Whatever can be done this \Ye"\'e got to keep these things
holding that the need is immediate brought the program into being it. That i3 by new taxes
administration within the next few and declared: from happening year after 3'car.
and urgent and that the only re- "I have stated and I repeat Some
people might regard it as a
maining problem is the method by
local -
problem. But it's like an in-
which the State will raise the
fAtfffon in )'nvtr finder it tf*.11
share of the cost involved and,
spread and destroy you. That coots
3. Announced that be and GOT. ._
happen to the State if South Florida .
Millard F. Caldwell will name a
suffered a major disaster and
committee within 10 days composed '
'a 1 State revenues from that run
of members of the Legislatureand -- e--.
area were lost

private citizens "to .work until 1 Tne need: is <.bvio is, We've all
they find a way to rai.!e the to "
got use courage now.
money," which he said "will mean
of those aUI"f'lIngwas
new taxes.
that a meeting of minds was;
His announcement was cheered reached and that legislative action

by the predominantly South and Y t. would not be long d -l-iv,.-dEnnis "
Central Florida audience and drewa --.

ready response from leaders ineerv
'- 5SY rtJ3 Cafe Is Now
part of the State. The meeting f

; was arranged by the Florida Ready For Business

Flood Control committee.In .

addition to Caldwell and \fn Tom Ennis has, her cafe

Warren, the guests included Sen- ; r& open and ready for business! It

ators Claude Pepper and Spessanl was opened last Fndav the first

L Holland US.. Representative of October Ennis Cafe you

Emory II Price. Charles K. Bennett HOY. B ELLIOTT know is the plar in Canal Point
Dwight L. Rogers, Robert State BOLLIN KK where you get most delicious
Pikes and A. S. Herling. Jr.. man/ RepresentativePahokee State S<'nator State Representative home-made pies' Patrons "f thi

State Senators and Rt>prt' ntd- West Palm Beach West Palm Beach cafe say that the Ennis pies! are

tires and more than two score -- - - - -- -- -- -- - -- -. --- ------ the finest to be found anywhere

J Palm Beach County's in Florida
I Special Edition Talks Delegation Will

i Of "Flood Control" Spearhead Plan To Have Lawmakers Join HandsIn We're Hurricane Lucky Misses! Second Us!

Today we present to our regular -'

readers and thousands of Making Flood Control A State-Wide The 1945 J.a.-.n' second hur-
rintn roared
other folks in Florida a special over the Southern'

"Flood Control F.dltion'e tip of Florida Tuesday and

sincerely hope that this special arm may rest assured that bring about a Dilution to the \ex- Bellinger and EllKtt tare been went to..** in the Pompano

edition: will impress indelibly I the Flood Control problem in our: I I tag problem of find controL He is I through numerous hurricanes area after lashing Miami test
upon the minds of those' wV great state will be ably: and intelligently I well \ers -d in attempted flor.J an the Florida -tr iU. The LakOkeeohobrr -
presented to the 1949 control during the 2') seen flood damage: : at thci l!' '
lead it that the federal flood St'.i-I I past years Region was battt-n
'control plan -or some otter sion of the State Legislature Stat in South Florida At all times d :ring own door ed down and ready for the furl

definite and concrete" plants Senator John R. Beacham State:!' his! I'> years in the senate n Mr Elliott as a resident of th force <.f Ue blow which ilrti't

absolutely a necessity if the Representative John E. Bellinger I I I tall worked toward the common Lake Okeechob Region has fo* come Th.ii section already

vast agricultural section in tee : both! ofe t Palm Beach anJ I i I goal that some day: a plan wail many years taken an active pat water-lotzgM from the Crpt.rt-

Everglades of Florida is O :, State Representative B Ell:ott. of I ibe I perfected whereby federal and in Red Cross disstfr work He h..r hurrtcare- --eo iM) rot hay

survive. You will find articles Pahok e. are wb
: ("cordith the flood control moveIniFrt Thu plan seems to be In the itt In the !Vjrvslature rr HIt.'Itb the
which praise the federal plan:: : a Vivid first rar i LLsitai am..J r.-
and other which say it won : :I I and have apprised then r-d l a'e future I st'.ry ;,f -IvVd-'ta'i that f llowsn Tit sunshine! in these part t''' u
: selves of first-tand ir.crnaticJ JIe*,.-!. Boliirccr and Elliott:: wli :n wake of tan, within the
work Our idea is to arouse interest : burn*-am'., Fl:- xs next few we-k,
and in the final analysis : which will be invaluable to al! i j'jgo along tancJ-n-clove with 4n.r- have taken then toll in these part get hack to their normal! ....*7

aid in brtrgirg to fruition soma i, members of the legislature tc>r Beacham to irfo-m other mem for many >-t':1U.: Ktsideste of l- of Lvnrjf It ia going to br %

plan that wall preserve" for pcs- State Senator Beachara. who ,; t era cf the legislature cf Flond* stat are larking to the 11 49 Iffi, k.r.g Urn> before the farmer -

teritv a mighty agricultural i w-Ul be starting his fifth f our-j'ear j t trigs. There are dozens ef otter I stature to actvely: cars out wit : I catch up>> the slack caused: by
term in Tallahassee. U and t- rorrrbrr of the Itir rature, wfcoknew 3e Humcan No _
empire I come rcie and concrete plan I and No 2 tfafan. s
been an ardent supporter cf *cm I first-hand .
what tie ntei I for f.n&nc.rg: the .tat "'. elate H
plan that would once and for aU are in tie ttatc. Howerer. Mastic the cert

Two The Everglades News Canal Point. Florida Friday October 8, 1943

----- ------
- --- --- -- --

THE EVERGLADES>> NEWSServing I X Disease Subject Billie Nell Stokes I brother Mrs. ,D.Parnell W. Cunningham Enecks. returns and her

Has Birthday PartyA Tuesday from Rocky Ford. Ga,
the Lake Okeechobee Farming Region
Cattlemen's MeetJohn where they were called recentlyby
Established 1924 Published Every Friday
birthday party honoring Yi.fi illness of their father, W. It.
Subscription Price $2.00 Year In Advance Enecks.
Billie Nell Stokes on her eleventh
L. Evans, President of thi -
i The Everglades News Is Entered at the Post Office birthday was given by Mrs. R. S.
Cattlemen Association has callel Mr. and Mrs. I. S. Guthrie and
?> In Canal Point. Florida as Second Class Matter a meeting Monday, Oct. 11 at City Stokes and Mrs. V. D. Horne at granddaughter. Marcia Jean were

Hall Belle Glade 8 p. m. to the Canal Point Legion Hall, Saturday overnight visitors in Okeechob
Paul Rardin Owner, Editor, Publisher
: hear discussions on three subject* October 2. Refreshments Tuesday.

of vital importance to Glades and were served to approximately 40

Flood Control Is A South Florida cattlemen-the baffling foung friends of Miss Stoker
X disease about which very Games were played with prizes go-
little is known except that it hs.s ing to Wiley Howell and Mane

State-Wide Problem produced 90 per cent fatalties I Sapp. Mrs. Stokes and Mrs. Horn Prince TheatrePahokee
poisonous plants and their relation were assisted: by Mrs. Julian !
to photosensitization; and the cop Branch, Miss Pauline Dowling. !
Governor-Apparent Fuller Warren at a flood control
per content of salt mixture. Mrs. C. A. Barfield and Mrs. Bessie -
last said that the $208- Florida
meeting in Kissimmej Saturday
A group of scientists which include from Cte"-- ston. ,
000,000.00\ federal flood control project in South and Cen- Dr. Fisher of the University Out Montgomery of town guests attending were

tral Florida "holds the key to survival. of the entire State's of Florida. Dr. Simpson. Federal Eddie Jo Davis, Mabry and Cato- SundayMondayOctober

economy." In his address to a state-wide group of interested Veterinarian and Dr. Foreman of lyn Harris, all from Clewiston. !
listeners the governor-to-be ruled out sectionalism and Broward County, a veterinarian 10-11

said the problem is state-wide. as well as Prof. Speer, Assistant -I

Governor Millard Caldwell joined the next governor in County Agent and Ralph Kidder "
Husbandman of the EvergladesStation.
espousing a plan whereby the state's participating fund .

will come from the state-at-large instead of from a handfulof Victims of the X disease from

counties. U. S. Senator Claude Pepper said: "When one- the Glades have been sent to Auburn HARRY R. COR WIN

third of our citizens are affected, I can't believe there is where research has been

one citizen so sectionalized as not to recognize this as a made and a report will be given starring

problem for the whole state of Florida." U. S. Senator the meeting on these animals. Als) AND CO. INC. Ginger Rogers

Spessard L. Holland spoke in like tones in behalf of a state- a victim of photosensitization from ,

wide plan for raising the first $3,000,000.00 to match a local herd has been the subjectof and

federal funds. study.A Palm Beach Fla.
plan of research and trials on CornelTilde
The state legislature of Florida in 1949 will be made up
poisonous plants will be announced -
of of fair-minded citizens from noo and
a group every at the meeting. The trials will
----- --- - -
of the state. Each and of the 95 house == =
cranny every one be carried on in co-operation with -- - ------ 1I 1---- -
members and 38 state senators realizes full well the tax- local cattlemen.

paying strength of the counties vitally affected by floods. Copper in our salt mixture is always -

These men will go along with South and Central! Florida a current and interesting r------I

leaders in perfecting some sort of a plan to raise the neces- subject and the results of some
for share of flood control. trials will be given at this meet- !
sary money
The recent hurricane and floods-two in 1947 and two ing.
Cattlemen of surrounding: ter-
in 19-18-are proof positive that something must be done
itones are cordially invited to attend
and that immediately if a vast and fertile section of Floridais this meeting as the subjects
be We sincerely hope that the! next few
to preserved.
are of vital importance to all South To Miami
months will bring about definite plans to preserve a farm- Florida cattlemen. 4 Buses

ing area with soil: the fertility of which i is second to none, . To West Palm Beach
the of the Nile in the land of the
not even excepting
ancient Pharaohs. WSCS Holds Meet I Dally To Ft Myers & Lakeland

--------------- MondayAfternoon ,

Soil Society Will The Management Lakes. Rivers and Navigation and Canals Of Tn Mrs. James-H. Wilson was elect- 1 I Glades Motor Lines Ine.I

The South." will be the subject for ed recording: secretary of the Pa .
Meet WednesdayPresident the first day. hokee First Methodist Woman's
Mr. Jas. A. Hammack of the U. Society of Christian Service an! SERVING THE GLADES'

S" Engineers of Jacksonville Mr. Mrs. Hugo Hoe, corresponding secretary I
Horace Bestor of tn, Erdman West of the University of at the October meeting of

Florida Soil Science Society has Florida and Mr. L. S. Evans, of: the WSCS held Monday afternoonat
the Federal Bureau of Plant In- the church. Mrs. R. J. Schroderwas
annual to
called the ninth meeting
dustry and Mr. Dean Bogart of named chairman of the liter-
be held at the Auditorium in Clew- the Geological Survey as well as ature and publications committee' I
iston on Tuesday Wednesday, October Federal and-Mrs. Ellis Murphy was appointed -
Mr. John J. Lynch of the I
12th and 13th. after the de- I :
a member of the hospitality :
Fish and Wildlife Service will be
lay caused by the September hur- who and nursery committees. I ;
among the outstanding men Shrubs and Trees
ricane.. will present the problem aided b> Mrs I. M. Lair spiritual life
Control of Water Plants
The sacrific.1supper
chairman announced a
local men such as Mr. B. S. Clayton -
From The Standpoint Of WaterMcLaren will be held at the churchat
of the Everglades Station. ALL VARIETIES AT RETAILAuthoried
Mr. Terry Gibson of West Pa'm 7 p m, Oct. 25 as part of th.goroup's .*
-- week of observant!.
Beach and Mr. W. C. Lazarus o
-- Mrs. Arch Blake '. mission education -
Sales and Service
the Florida Improvement Commis
T I chairman announced plans

sion. for a fall mission study of the JACOBSEN POWER AND
After the subject and the proo- book "Newness of Life." Mr" A.

lems have been presented there D .Beverly gave a report on the reorganization HAND LAWN MOWERS
will be solutions given from ex- of the junior fellow-
Bros.William periences both in this State an! ship group. A WSCS district meeting -

in Louisiana from the general pu it- to be held in Pahokee on Oct. ISLAND LANDSCAPE CO.
lic's viewpoint as well as from the 14 was announced.A .
H McLaren standpoint of farmer and cattle- program on "Alaska" was pe- Open Wednesday and Saturday afternoons

Guy R. McLaren sented by 1.11"9G.. W. Byrd. S', 1100 Southern Blvd. West Palm Beach '
second day will see a general and,Mrs. Ronald Watson. Mrs. Al I I
discussion by students of the Beverly sang a solo accompaniedat
General Contractors problem of the Overall Control by the piano by Mrs. Blakey.
engineers including the U. S.

Corps as well as from practical

518 OOMEAU BUILDING This meeting Is covering sub From where i sit Joe Marsh
jects of vital immediate interest _fy

and by men who know most about
West Palm Beach them. The value to South Florid
W. G. LassiterGeneral
both subjects is measured only in
the value of the physical assets!! \>:
Florida the area. Get The Truth!

Members and citizens of the Contractor
State as well as interested visitors
I are cordially invited to attend a'lsessions 615:>> Oku Ridge Drive
Called on my rood friend"Cappy"Miller liKe beer: cr ale and of those who
-- ---- of the meetings
- Society
who edits the County Brr. swear by r.tthir.g but cider.

West Palm Beach Fla.Phone the other day. And hanging u;> on And from where l..it.OOK fed.
the wall of Cappy's office is this rot both tides-and faced: themtruthfully

2-18,6 slogan for his paper: you mine that these

Bring us lour TIRE TROUBLES-, "Remember there are two sides difference of to every <<;:1ntion.. Get both sides. part of what we rail Democracy
Be truthful." -the right of the individual
Tires are our business size i .e"An.thing
any any
I 1ft vote a* he believe*, to p *k hi
A ...
good slogan rot Just for a

type to fit your particular need.PAIJL'S papt'r-f\r people, too. Be- of mind moderatton.to choose his whether own beverage beer or
-ause there'll always be two sires
In The .
tad '
to every gve.tianthe side cf thoM !
: r aM "et.f' one way anJ those who -- -

SERVICE STATION Building: Line"AAAAAAAAAJAA erte another-the side d those ;-x17 { 1Q

ti who enjoy a teirperat* bereray* -

1 Co, r.fit.Page .Did.t-.u.5141t.8rwrs F.e sdaAo a


Friday, October 8,1948 The Everglades News, Canal Point, Florida Page Three r


Big Increase Expansion Of Electric Facilities I

In Rural Lines

Helping"Growing the with Glades the Glades.Grow". . Has Kept Pace With Glades Growth I

might well describe Florida
Power Jt success '1
In building Light Company's rural electrification Long classified as a "vegetable-farming area", the bustling

lines in the Glades dis- Electricity At Work Glades district with.its more than 25,000 inhabitants, find

trict. itself rapidly l becoming an "industrial area" with its fertile

White making electricity one acres studded mushrooming plants designed to process
' '
of the biggest BARGAINS one '' ] nd its bountiful and varied
can buy and while making it :!! products.

PLENTIFUL tag the company With its industrial plants increasing; in numbers, the

since 19S5: has extended its rural I Glades also finds its beef catt!?

lines in this area by the eclipsing the 15,000 mark due in
amazing amount of 508 percent! Glades Gets Power
large to from
which part pasturage a
Here are the figures
show how the company has From 2 DirectionsBecause new strain of St. Augustine grass

built line to extend benefits of and the development of "Big Joe"

service to farms, rural homes, yr.'ss19 of a half-million dollar i corn yielding up to 115 bushels

rural industries in the Glades: 66,000-volt transmission line con- : per acre and providing! a rich fin-

Total Miles Rural [ structed by Florida Power & Light I ishing feed.
Year Lines in Glade
19S5 21.30 miles" Company, the Glades can now In the Glades area there are

1940 38.%% mile draw electricity from either of I more than a score of plants where:

1945 80.46 mile two directions and therefore has extremely modern mecbanica!

1946 124.83 miles a wi "doublepowt'rprotection". metnods are employed to clean

1947 129.55 mites y The Glades were first served bya grade and pack vegetables. There

The above figures show that. 1 sa9 transmission line from the north
& are still other plants where in addition
since 19X5, Florida Power
rsY reaching as far south as Belt
Light Company has built more I elaborate and costly equipment -

than 108 mites of.rural. lines Glade.In is used to pre-cool vegetablesfor

here.. These figures are exclusively 1945 Florida Power & Lign*. shipment to distant markets.

"rural"; they do NOT In- Company began construction of 62
I Included among the latter groupare
clude electric lines within city miles of "high line" which linked
such plants as Florida Pr?-
limit the company's powerful. 90.000-
Cooling Co.. S. M. Jones & Co.,
ilowatt generating station near
Everglades Growers' CoOperative.W. .
Ft. Lauderdale with the line at
F.P.&L.Co's.NewElectric G. Hull. Harold Rabin Co.. Bel'
Belle Glade.
Glade Farmers' Co-Operative.
Plants With the completion of the new
Florida Food Products and South
ire on Feb. 1, 1946 the Glades
Benefit GladesThe Bay Growers Inc.
its froma
began receiving electricity

Glades area is benefittnig "loop of power". Should one part Among other processors ar"

directly from Florida Power &. of the loop be broken by storm or Stokelv Foods Inc. canners and

Light Company's 5-year construc- accident the Glades will receive quick-freezers of beans: and Okee-

tion program, which will cost the (""It'ctricitfrom the other direction. lanta Sugar Co-Operative, producer

company over 85000000. . of "Floncane Crystals" brand
As part of this program, Florida sugar.
Power & Light Company has already -
The Glades also. has! its pioneers'planets
built powerful, new electric
generating plants at Sarasota and Meet which turn out new an.l

Riviera and has installed new, ad- urgently needed products. Trailblazers

ditional generators at Sanford and in grinding corn and dhvdratinsr ->-

\ Miami. All of these stations pump it. to produce a feed

\ their electricity into the company's I stuff' which will not spoil. inclur"
statewide interconnected systemof
Everglades: Produce Co. Vegetable
lines of which the Glades is an
I Bv-Products Co. and H. B. Lntt
important part.
The company's huge constructiun I Plants which are processing'

program will require many millions ramie include Newport. Industries,

of dollars of new, money that wi.'l: "Pete"I Inc. and Peter J. Schweitzer Inc.

have to be obtained by selling P Back of the whirring and clanking -
bonds and other securities. It must K ie r3% 'ts t
machines in these plants 1*
maintain a sound financial positionin :7 boar
order to do this. power . and. in the main, poweris

Its 1947 Annual Report shows electricity.

that its cost of doing business "las Since 1927-28 when Pahoke

Increased sharply since before th' I and Belle Glade respectively

war. The inflation clause in bills Inspecting a 6O-horsepower electric I Joined the Florida Power & Light
has helped offset some of this increased -
Company system electric facilities
motor used pumping.at'r
cost enabling
companyto in the Glades district have been
in Glades
maintain a sound financial pos- a 1.000-acre irrigation
project, is Peter Paul deMoya expanded steadily, always ahealof

tion.The report, however, points out better known to hundreds of arM in portion to help. th-

that "despite Increases in cost of friends in the Glades area as Glades growth.

everything we buy. our rates, even "Pete". Florida Power & Light Company
with the temporary inflation ad- expanded its electric transmission
Besides ) his :
handling responsib
justment added, are LOWER than and distribution lines rapidly a*
ten ities as Glades district managerfor
they were years ago"New 4NT'
shown by figures this .
projects that will require Florida Power & Light Com-

huge investments on the part 'Iftht" pany. "Pete" has worked energetically generate electricity for the
Glades Florida Power & Ugh
company are the new 72.000- for the development of his
kilowatt plant at Cutler and expansion Company, as party ass 192g.:: built ft
area. His leadership has resultedin
of its new Riviera stationto 160-kilowatt plant at Pahokee. At
his election and appointment to
almost double its present size, Belle Glade, in 1929 it built a 7(:-
making it the company's moot -SITVSHIXE: SERVICE sages labor and d<*** the job faster a< more offices than can be listed 'n

powerful station, with a total )f shown in these photos of Glades plants. Top: crates of celery enter a this limited space. kilowatt generating: plant. whl-i!
is still available for '. Florida
S4.000 kilowatts. re-cooler.| Electric meters run the romejorn and compress the Freon Some, but not all of his officesare u!

Furthermore, the company only which drops pre-cooler temperature..... to freezing. Center photo: : president. Pahokee Rotary Power & Light Company enlarge.1
recently ordered equipment for Electricity is flexible ana .ffiOl..nt.n, number of these 5 -lectricall\-! Club. 1947; President Palm Beach the Pahokee plant in 1931. and

still another, 44,000-kilowatt station powered compressors will run automatically as! needed tit maintain precoole again: in 1934. to assure ample
for delivery in 1951 to be located at a low fated temperature. Bottom photo: Electrical-pirnem County Resources DevelopmentBoard. power for the Glades growth. Th'n

wherever Florida's growth machine washes and scrubs potatdip" them in a fungicide, dries 1944-45: directorVe!Ot 160-kiIowatt plant is still available -
requires. them with Infra-red' rays, and purifies them with ultra-\iotet ra)'''. Palm Beach" Music Assoc. 1948;
for uw"
chairman. Federal Rent Control
In order to link the Glades area
Advisory Board. 194$. "Pete" alsj.
Huge Jump InElectric Wealth with its statewide transmission! !
Of .
Glades is an Elk and a 32-degree Mason.Company
system, Florida Power & Light
Users os sea
Company. in 1937, completed a

..Someone has aptly sail that Shown By FiguresIn Radio 66.00O-volt line, reaching 40 mile
from Okeechobee In the north
"the measure of a community". Speeds RepairsQuick
growth U the Increase in the southward to Pahokee. It rnad-

number of Its people who enjoy serving the Glades Florida I'and available to the Glades the electricity -
products, is on an upswing response to customer:
the benefits of","trk-ih". Wit Power & Light Company Is I from the company's larger
H.rv'l which to of
points production even calls is assured by Florida Power -
this it that
as a guage. appear "base-load" generating tatkn
ing an area which is rich in land greater wealth for its people. Light Company's shortwave
the Glades district has
grown Later the line wa.. built I'O'Il'hto '
swiftly for since 1979. Florida and products, according to P. P radio stationVDOX at Pahoke
i Belle Glade. In 1944, KloriJt
Power ft Light Company has district which can exchange messages!
deMoya. manager
company Power & Light Company built tie
built lines and extended electric" radix
AUTOMATICSWITCHES with of the company's :
serrkce" to an additional 3.07 who cites figures to show! any "missing link" which connect 1
I equipped vehicles in this district.
customs! the: area's wealth. i Belle Glade with its big Lau der-
Customers need only report
That's an Increase of over I dale generating! Cation and threw
According to the last Federal : their trouble by telephone to the
1068 percent.It i r a loop of power through the retire
Huge switches which aotomaticalU t
Indicate the company's de census in 1945. there were 1.130 company's offices at Pahokee o. Glades, area.Tte .

,.a..o make electricity, not farm in Palm Beach County, open and close when Belle Glade. The information if reported I'

only ......... but also plentiful which comprises most cf t".c lightning strikes the line or ;i immediately to Station --onsea

and available to all. other interference O"U"ar... \VDOX whose! dispatcher directs a land in the Everglade '11

Here are the official figuresslowing Glades area s: company truck by radio to tie the richest the world ha ever
how Florida" Power & maintained by Florida PowerS
These farms cover approximately _rouble pot. known It has yielded untold mtl-
Light Ontnpany has made electricity Light Company at the northern -
142.000 acres Ore of Florida Power LJgnt Jir rf profit.
available to an Increasing ends"
and southern of its
Together with buildirgs: aidi Corr.rary's: 1* fixed stations located
amber of people" in the i
Cilade tenvnimaion line.
Glade. : farm machinery, this fertile Ian4. at strategic points throughout -
Total in IMS. was worth 20591113. Described as being "almost : Florid StaUcn WDOX has Trouble trucks no longer have to

Month & Year Ortomer All farm products, including like a human brain, the big power cf 25O wattt and can talk"to return to h..tjquart.r. for <3>recti -

J.ae its raw livestock<< sold or used by farm switches open and done so other company rtatior.c within
Jaw las 502 household. in Palm Beach Couct I quickly that tntenvptioa* in CO miles. patrol they frequently are natfc .

Jane IMS 1S S in 1945. amounted to Use amazing electricity t. Up."I> Installation of the radio network trouble and can reach it quickly. -

Juts Jan INS' SIll 184ia 1 urn of 115.7eO.832! I pemrotJble to the ..,... wa accons plisted' trfoty to Also radio permit the.troubl-

Tte Glade area, rich in lana I bIlfTC"'t'.met' to c-u.cmeti, maD to "rerer" a wider area.



Page Four The Everglades News Canal Point, Florida Friday. October 8, 1943

---- - --
-- -- .
-- -- - -

ParentsTeachersOf Chastain and Mrs. R. T. Smitn; Joins Move also announced that the next pot iliary with Rev. A. J. Lively acting
second, Mrs J. W. Repper and meeting will be a special meeting.the as master of ceremony.
Mrs. Boyd Vorhees; third. Mrs. ,I. date to be set later.

Canal Point In Pride fourth and Mrs. Mrs Joe Pugh Edenfield and: To Have Weather Edwin Rice and Gene Pickrer -a..

were welcomed as new members :Mr.: and Mrs Harry Parker had

Meet Mrs W. R. Shackford; fifth Mr?. The $57 jackpot was! won by Bert as a guest this week his siste-.
1st Bureau In GladesThe
E. E. Conners and Mrs O. J. Carlton.
I :Mrs.: ::\Io 'e. of Georgia. :Mrs.: Mo>e
Reeves" sixth Mrs R. Stokes anal Ii
i Prior to the meeting the Legionnaires was accompanied home bv her SO.1.
Mrs J. P. Parker.
The Canal Point Parent-Teacher movement to have a ear- were entertained at a supper Bobby, who has been attending Pa-
Plans made to send local
Association held its first meeting were round weather station established I given by members of the Aux- hokee Schools.
delegates to the State PTA Convention -
of the school year in the school to be held inVest Palm in the Glades area received the full

auditorium Monday night with Beach Nov. 9-11. A report on to support of Fred and Percy Mansfield -

Mrs D. L. Friend president Post 90 by unanimous vote
PTA school of instruction heiJrecently 1
pre-I' at a post the woman's
siding. I in West Palm Beach wa.? meeting in ''

Mrs Friend named ,, made by Mrs Vorhees who attended clubhouse Monday night. The adjutant Have You At. . ''I'II }

standing committees as follows I the school with Mrs. Conners. was instructed to write a !
Mrs J.V.. Repper hospitality ; Mrs E. E. Conners was appoints letter to the Hon. Dwight I_ teL ; s'I

:Mrs Marvel Griffith, child wt'I'1 s 1 Girls 4-H Club leader and BoyJ Rogers urging immediate action. ,

fare :Mrs.: Wilma Lence, lunch I
; Vorhees. cubmaster of the Canal Plans were made to send a sizeable
room and publicity; Mrs. R. T. :' mootrcade to Lake Woith In ''
Point Cub Pack for the coming . . Canal Point? "

Smith. membership; D. L. Friend. I(i >ear Mrs D. R. Hall was named Monday night to take part in the I _.- II I
and D. L. Hooks, finance I i I "
program !I chairman of the Canal Point Halloween mass meeting of Legionnaires of
Room mothers for the new i j : the district honoring Nation I''
Carnival committee an i At Triangle Restaurant in the i
school year. were appointed as Commander O'Neil who will be
Mrs Vorbees was placed in chargeof
lows First grade. Mrs fO-I'I Christmas greeting card sates to guest speaker. The members and PackingHouse Area you will find :'

car will assemble in front of the
raise PTA funds It was announced -
NOTICE OFAXX..AL MEETING OF.L the Canal Point PTA will Cooperate Lions Hall at 6:30: p. m. to form I LOLA sen-ing< the. . i;

Notice DRAINAGE I* hereby given DISTRICT that pursuantto I J Unit when with it arrives the County here for Mobil chest the large "Lair Field-Home of j VERY FINEST OF GOOD FOODS! I jI

call of the Board of Supervisor of I I ;I,
Fast Beach Drainage District the n- X-'av pictures of all perscns. the Pahokee Blue De\ils"! signs I

East rual Beach meeting Drainage of the District landowners for .h ot'' !(I'I The monthly attendance award an'l I donated to the school by Post i*>. :!i I -: Mrs. Lola McBane, Prop. : -

year 19-8 will be held at the office of banner was won by Mrs. Vivian han been erected at the two gate [:

said District In the Post Office Building Mercer's sixth grade room. at Lair Field, according to a report II '
: at Canal Point. Palm Beach County 'II
by J.V.. Mullis and David
Florida. on Wednesday. October 2i. I On the program and receptionfor
1948 at 900 clock In the forenoon Bleech. members of the commute-
teachers, with D. ,L. Friend
for the purposes of: in charge. Additional materialsare
1. Electing a Supervisor for Division chairman in charg,
3 electing for a: term a Supervisor of three for years Division and poems program in tribute to the teachers I needed* be. however completed, before they said.thsgnscan s;w sss:ss:":a ss:.c.c.c w w :sc:ss:ss:os:ss:os:ss:K:os:ss:ss:ss: :..w ase w.

2 covering the unexpired term of were read by Mr. and Mrs Friend
A resolution was passed to have ::: Office
Mr. L. L. Stuckey. and Mr?. Vorhees A vocal solo was Headquarters s::
2. Receiving annual report and Post 90 representatives appear b**
such action with respect; thereto sung bv Ada Tillman. accompanied :. Underwood Typewriters :
fore the Pahokee City Council at .
as the landowner* may determine -
at the piano by Dellona Jone: I..1Sund.5trand
: and the next council meeting to urges AddingIachine ;.
3. Transacting such other business :as Carmen Salvatore. North Glade
immediate action the proposed : Marchant Calculating Machines :
may come before the meeting.BOARD member of the County School I 4; .. .
OF SUPERVISORS OF monument to be erected in the cit} I : A. B- Dick MimeographsElliott :
Beard. gave a talk on "Count .
DISTRICT. School Policies" park in mt'morof \ who I' 4. Addre M> Graph :

By: Wm. B'oom: President; dned in "'mIdVar I and II. .:. F & C Check Writers >
Pub October 8. 15. 1948Classified. The welcome address to tie f .
Commander James A. taffo-j I. .=
teachers was delivered bPa.1 :: HALSEY & GRIFFITH INC.
announced Post 90 will be represented . ,
also talked "Healtn .
Rardin who on
ba large delegation at the t Phone 2-3883 West Palm Beach {
in Palm Beach Count*.". Hankie; .
a ni"rican Legion National Convention .
Ads and sachets were presented IT in Miami Oct. 1<'-21. He ; sw is sswssassassassassassaaswssaaswsswss eswssws PTA as gifts to the teachers: Refreshments i I II

of sandwiches, cookie
FOR SALE: New and used Willys
and punch were served in the
Jeeps Walter Ashley Garage in I
school cafeteria which was decorated :-
Belle Glade. Phone 126. Jllca! .
with cut flowers: for the affair 1

SEPTIO tanks and grease traps Hostesses were Mrs J. W II i ,I II 1

cleaned and repaired Phone Rf"N'r.rl.! R. T. Smith. Mrs

3872. Bob Douthit, Pahokee. MiTe Hittie Dif and Mrs Joe Eden- I
field. ,

. WELL DRILLING: See Bob 1 i

Douthit Pahokee. Fla.. Phone i.

3872. July 16ca Andrew Culberson !:

FOR SALE: 7 Unit Apartment

House completely furnished, interior Called By DeathAndrew 'II'I

fleshly painted this Is a
good buy Call 7143 or 2181 Velv ,

I. Elliott. Reg Real Estate Broker. Jefferson Culberson. 7". I'II -

St-SlOtf died Tuesday at his home in Pa-

hokee. A retired baker he came to III I:

FOR SALE: 6 room house within Pahokee from Plant City in 193-i I

one block of Pahokee Postoffic". Survivors include his wife Mr-. I "

this house needs repairs and I.* Ada Culberson: three daughters. : .

being sold at a bargain. Call 7141: Mrs Alhe BatC'hdor.Irs.. W. O I -

or 2181 Velva I. Elliott. Reg Real
Stamps. and Mrs Rosa' Curlee: .

Estate Rroker. St-S10tr four sons, William P.. Andrew E..

FOR SALE: 2 lake front lots over Robert H and Wjley Emory. A I I I'I,'
live in Pahokee.Mr. .
100 feet frontage on main high-

way. Call 7143 or 2181 Velva I. Culberson was a member of

Elliott. Reg Real Estate st-siot Broker. Okeechobee.the Primitive Baptist Church. i! COMPLIMENTS: : I

Funeral services will be announced I i', OF .

MATTRESSES RENOVATED and bj the Berry Funeral-

made to your order: We are Home.

back in business after a fire and I I
have all Brinson Construction
new equipment-Glades Statement of the OWDrnl lp. Management.
),[erC'antileBox 32:>, Pahok ClrcnUUaa. Required _y
the Act of Congress of August u,
Phone 4171. K-<>Ct.8c 1912 and March J. ItU
Of The Everglades Ne_ published ii :
SALEM\N: For all white Indus- weekly at Canal Point. Florida for :
Oct. 1. 1948
trial debit good guaranteed I State of Florida ) CompanyTAMPA

salary and liberal commission ) M
County of Palm Beach )
debit in Glades area must be permanent Before me. a notary public In and for ,: :
resident with car. Call the State and county aforesaid. personally '
; appeared Paul Rardin who having ; FLORIDA
West Palm Beach 2-3265 Collect if been duly sworn according to law des ;:
interested 2t-K-Oct. 1 ( poses and *ay* that he is editor and
p I I owner of The Everglades News and tht M
the following U to the best of his "
FOR KENT: House with 3 bedrooms knowledge and belief a true statementof

and two baths at Port ,1 the ownership management etc of
the aforesaid publication for the date
Majaca. Phone 241. KOct22chFOR shown In the above caption requiredby
the Art of August 24 1912 .' Ii
KENT: Draghng b> hour or amended bY the Art of March 3. 1933.
embodied In section S37 Postal Lain
on contract \\'. J. Adams.! Phone and Regulation to-wit
635. Pahokee That the name and addresses of the
K-Oct. S
2tp publtaher editor managing editor and
business manager are:
FOl'MI: Fishing tackle boa l"lSt Publisher; Paul Rard.n Canal Point.
Lucie on Labor Day 1O4! *. Owner tof; Paul Ra>d!n. Canal Point.

may have same bv identifying; Florida
That the owner Is Paul Rard:n. Canal
and paving for this da Phone P-i-j' Point Florida
hikee 4411 I|I That the know bon lho'der mort -
|I agee and other security holder owning -
or hold:ng I per cent or more of
)EMIR TilE IM-IMTKslMU.: : : sum ': total amount of bonds mortgage. or

,.f $13750 cash other securities are >ONF.
you can lily a '
That the .Ta lre pnmber of c*>p'.e*
good running 1930 MvXfcl! A S-* I of each issue of this oubllcatin sod cr

Paul KArdin at The FergladvrsNews t distributed through the train or otherwise -
j to paid subscribers d'artthe
office in Canal Point or ; twelve months pre ,,ding the dat.ho.u .
above t* Its!
Phone Pahokee
2661. If
you are-
Paul Ra-d!n
rrechar.icalK; inclined you can j j Edt<< aid Owne-
sell zillion dollars S' .mn ana *ub cr*>t'd before me this
a worth of parts j
j let day of October 1941
from this wonderful piece of rollIng i 4Notary P.ttlac Sew' ::) j
stock. | J4 o'l R.......-,
ttj Cotsa.wlca Cxptrr \c IS 1.51 __ _


Friday October 8. 1948 The Everglades: News Canal Point Florida Page Five
-- -- ----

First Real Test Of Miss Batchelor Will Airs. H. J. Clause and grandchildren -i I I Mrs Grace Van Landmgaam. in
I' Jack Stanely and Gray I Valdosta Ga.
Undergo TreatmentMiss Folds, left Tuesday for a visit with Miss Helen Stokes has returnedto
Season For Alley I her son-in-law and daughter. Mr. Jacksonville after spending the
Arlene. daughter of :\lr5.1 and Mrs. Harris Folds, in Sanford. weekendith her sister Bihi
Ollie Batchelor entered Jackson Mrs. James A. Stafford and I Nell and Mr. and Mrs R. S. Stokesof
Team Comes ToniteWhen .
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Folds of Memorial hospital last week to daughter left this week for a visit Canal Point.Cinematic.
Sanford announce the birth of j undergo treatment for after effects with her parents Montgomery:: )-. i .
of polio which she suffered West Ca.Mrs. :
daughter on Oct. 6. Mrs. Folds ic s the Lake Worth Trojans
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. invade Lair Field at 8:15 tonightfor several years ago. She will be confined Bill Agree has returned Chatter .
Homer J. Clause of Pahokee.Mr. a conference game with th to the hospital in a cast far from Lakeland where she was i By Malcolm :Millar
and Mrs. H. A. Davis of Pa- Pahokee Blue Devils the local several months after which she: called rt'centlbv' the death of i

hokee announce the birth of a son. eleven will get its first real test o= will undergo an operation. In case her father J. M. Padgett. 79, who! There's nothing you can.t get .
Henry Richard at the Everglade the season her friends; wish t:> drop her a earl died at his home tht'rt'n Ses*_ I
Memorial Hospital on Oct. 3. Mrs Pahokee had little trouble *n her address is: Miss Arlene Batce- 2.. I if you wish hard enough for it. .
elor. Room 1104. Jackson even Cornel \\ lde. Well, at ar. '
Davis, the former Fraulein Grett Memorial _
running up big scores to blank St Eunie Smith of Fort Myer:
Bleehschmidt recently arrived it Theresa and Gesu on the beat:: Miami. Fla. is the hou e guest of her nephev- I rate that's what Ginger Rogers
this country from Germany to join gridiron but the battle with the: -S- and niece. Mr. and Mrs Albeit i i find out in the all-to-srether romantic -
her husband in Pahokee.Mr. Trojans is expected by Coaca Snyder in Pahokee. comedy "It Had To BaYou

and Mrs J. H. W. Dover Clyde Alley to be plenty tough I Mrs Moms Baxter and :M': *. ." which will bow onto IS! *
Marian Teeters) of Canal Poir.tannounce Lake Worth has of the Prince Theatre, in
even though yet I Thomas Handle} and children left screen
the birth of a daughter to win a game, dropping two in !Monday for a visit with :Mr': Pahokee, this Sunday and Monday
Phyllis Maxine at the EvergladesMemorial succession to Fort Pierce and Har.dley'tI parents in :MacClenrv: with Ginger Rogers and Corn
Oct. 2.Mr. .
Hospital on Ponce de Leon. The Trojans displayed Wilde the stars with Percy War-
and Mr*. D. F. Weaver their power last week wh r. Mr. and Mrs J. W. Guthrie and Fla.Mr.. am. Spring B'ington and Ri*.
and Mrs
Archibald (Baldy
(Helen Rich) of Clewiston
May Ponce was barely able to eke outa children of Miami spent the weekend -,.Adams and children have moved Randell pitching a fine game of
announce the birth of a son. Timothy ore-poirt 7 to \'ictory.. in Pahokee with his parent excellent support.
from Pahokee to Delray Beaciwhere
Jerrold. at the Everglades Last Blue DeUs Mr and Mrs I. .
Friday the un- S. Guthne They There is no argument about it
they will make their home.
Memorial Oct.
Hospital. .on leased a medley of aerial and running were accompanied to Pahokee ov Mr. Adams will be engaged in . This is ore cf the funniest
attacks to smother Ge u of his sifter, Mrs Bose Levins wao shows you have seen locally in
farming in that area.
Canal Point To Have :Miami 38 to 0. Julian Snyder was.a visitor in Miami for OT I The Pahokee Woman's Club u> some time. In fair tt'sts. over the

Own Halloween PartyCanal started the scoring spree early in week.Elizabeth. planning to sponsor the opening United State! it has been established -
the first quarter following a PA- Enecks is ill at her and operation of a Teenage Re*- that this picture registers
hokee march of 29 yards when: he home in Pahokee this week. snicker eachsecond and belly
Point children. who haves reation Center for the Pah(>kt"'-
joined Pahokee children on Lair went around right end from the Charles! Hickerson. Nashville. Canal Point area in the near future laughs each minute of its screermg -
two-ard line for a touchdown, Tenn., has It has a top story, the cast *s
Field for Halloween armed here for aLI t according plans announced -
public partiesin
then Joe Carr passed to for
the past few will have with his uncle and aunt Mr. aid bv :Mrs: :Manning: I. Keen. new the last word in artistic talent
year the Later the first
point. in penol Mrs Fred Hickerson. before at-j chairman of youth conservationand and the direction is home run . .
their Halloween th
own part on the Blue Devils moved from thet-
tending school in Miami character building.tii'g For all of these! reasons I can
Canal Point school thi
grounds own 29 to the Gesu 45 where Carr
;year it was announced at the broke MrV.. H. Jones is ill at her j :\ Nell Dunawav has returned safely recommend this picture to1"
through on a quartt'rbakEnf'ak
Canal Point PTA home on Canal Point Road th's J from a month's visit with PT you and know you will like it.
meeting Monday to score. Hueston Connell
children week. I sisters. Miss Sara Duniwav and See you at the mo\"ie--Mai.LAKE .
night. The distance or made two touchdowns in the sec-
Canal Point have to travel to "
ond period the first after a )-
reich the party in Pahokee makesit yard run and the second near toe
impossible for some of the end of the half when he went I..1I. i::2: a4AA4Aa "' I

smaller cues to attend and this; around right end from the Gesu 2.
was! given as the reason for th" In the third stanza Connell raced
. change in policy by PTA, sponsor : 55 yards for his third touchdown.
of the party. In the final quarter Coach Alleylet
Mrs. D. R. Haall has been named his second string men show LIQUORS I
by PTA as general chairman In their stuff. After letting the Crusaders -
charge of arrangements for t>*? push them around at th"
Canal Point Halloween party start the subs stiffened and did
which will be held the last of the some pushing of their own. Snyder

month probably the night of Sat- scored through center from tne (PACKAGE STORE)
urday, Oct. 30, since Halloweenfalls Gesu three following a 65-yard 0

on Sunday this year. drive and Stanley Hooks, second 2 Doors North of Post Office Pahokee FloridaANNOUNCES
For the judging of costume and string back sped around right end !; ,
awarding of prizes the childr..nwill for the point. The second stringers
be divided into four groups had brought the ball from their
first and second grades third and own 40 and were threatening to
fourth fifth and sixth, and pre- score again on the Gesu 9 as the 0
school age children. Four cash game ended

prizes will be. awarded to childrenof Stormy weather interferred with Its Opening Friday, October 8, and wishes the public to
each group one each for the Blue Devil practice early in th- PaS
prettiest the funniest the most week. After a hard scrimmage that we are proud to become a part of the community of

original and the most typical Halloween Wednesday afternoon Coaches Alley p hokee; and because of the high standards set by Lake Liquorsin
For child to be
a and Howard allowed their teamto
eligible for a prize he or she must taper off with light drills conducting its business, we trust that Pahokee will be

be masked. Thursday. Defensive tactic** proud of us.
- against anticipated running attacks .
Sunday Service Will : of Trojan Backs Eugene B'e
and Bob Barnes were stressed in
Be Broadcast WSWNThis practice. An Introductory Offer Friday & Saturday, Oct 89FREE I

Pahokee and Lake Worth tra-

Sunday morning's service ditional gridiron rivals always S AS A GIFTEach
at the First Baptist Church of Pa display their best brand of foot-
hokee will be broadcast over ball against each other. Will Tro-
Customer Will Have The Privilege Of Selecting
WSWN. The request number jan defense be able to !stifle the

"The Holy City** will be sung by pigskin fireworks being set off Their Favorite Brand of Nationally Advertised Whiskey
Mrs C. A. Moberg with Rev. Mo- this season!' by the Blue Dt>,'i1s'
berg as the accompanist. It is requested three explosive backs. Joe Carr.
that as many members of Julian Snyder and Hueston Connell
the adult and youth choirs as po.- ? A large crowd l, expected at A Few Of Our Cut Rate Prices
aible be present. This will be Rev. Lair Field tonight to see the an-

Moberg9 last sermon over the air. swer. I

It might be of interest to some -. SEA G RA 1\I'S, V. 0 ._u_..__......_....._..-_.._____.m 5th.S5.5 1
that plans for a weekly broadcastover Branch Will
one of the Miami stations arc League 5th. Pt. i Pt.
in the making similar to fie Meet Tuesday NightThe

"Good Cheer Broadcast." of several Paul Jones ._. __._.._ ....._. .._... -. ..--...$3.65 $2.30 $1.18
years ago. Rev. Moberg will Everglades branch of the
assist in revival services next weeK ational League of Fresh Fru:t Mount Vernon ___________.______.:..._ ________..$3.60 52.25 $1.15

at the Flagler Street Baptist and Vegetable Distributors will Gallagher & Burton (Black LabelS3.68 $2.32 51.19 .
Church. Rev. Harold Davidson. hold its first meeting of the fall

Pastor. He will be in his pulp t season at the Glade Club re xt : Cream Of Kentucky. _______.._____.....____..___.$3.69 $2.32 $1.19
Oct. 17th.Pahokee. 12. The meeirp *-
Tuesday night-Oct.
-- il scheduled for 8pm. Plans Cairstairs White Seal __m ________...._______._$3.68 52.32 $1.19

PTA Will\ will be made for the annual: fa'l Corby's Reserve .___..__-_________________ ..._______.$3.75 $2.35 $1.20
party and election offfict' for

lleetIonda: )" Nite the coming vegetable season All Old Thompson ...- ..____...__.....__....__...___...$3.65 $2.30 $1.17
members of the branch are urgedto

The PahoKee Parent-Teach-r be present next Tusdav meht : -
Association will conduct its October -
meeting in the high school Jamf'Sann was elected
auditorium Mondav. Oct. 11. at S president of the Pahokee Fist : SPECIAL
p m. Mrs G. Lawton Sim!!. program .- Method Men's Bible Cas! at the

C'hairman.illl'rt'Lt'nt a program annual rally! day meetirc Sund\v GIN 100<7 Grain Spirits ... .. . 5th. 52.;;)
on "Home.: School and Cowrru morning Other officers chosen
.itv Serv-lce" and Mrs D. V. were Manrme I. Keen. vice president <
WINE 20 Alcohol 5th. .69"D.d"
-,. . .
D .s '(
Cunningham I'f't'si.tt'nt.ill preaide and John Rogers \cttary -
At the business N"* ion The -treasurer. R. B. :\IaC'kpL"1d
meeting will be preceded bv an L. Collins were named on the Cl2Lweloomire
executive board session! at 7 p. m. C'OmmttN' for Oct 11
-- Rv C. T. Howes Is teacher of th* Fisher, Manager

Mr and Mrs. T W. Knight a-id class which was organized two
stn left his week for 11uit 'r years ago and has an average attendance
Alabama of 5O.


Page Six The J.vergladea News Canal Point Florida Friday October 8, 1943


Congratulates Mr. Paul Rardin, Owner and Publisherof
The Everglades News, On The Production of a.

1 Special Issue of So Much Public Interest

,1- .
: I

We supported Senator Holland in his presentation ed an increase in maintenance taxes for
of the use of the Twentymillionthose two years only, and unless this matter
dollar Authorization.of the Plan, outlining is taken care of in the 1949 Session, there will
the following work: be a loss! of revenue for operation.

(1) Better lake control; (2) a dike A conservative estimated damage to the
along the north side of the Palm sub-drainage districts, collectively, is at least
Beach Canal to prevent flood waters one and one-half million dollars, which will
from the north running into the have to be paid for by some one, some time
mucklands along the east shore; ((3) and in some manner. This is a subject of mu-
a dike protecting the coastal areas; tual interest to landowners in the area.

(4) a dike along the west boundary .
of the farming areas to protect this There are other problems facing the districts -
area from the flood waters of the : the one of greatest magnitude is the
Okaloacoochee Slough. subsidence, or lowering, of the elevation of
the land, which has partially destroyed the .
designed Plans of Reclamation. Then, again,.
The authorization for this work is an important
there is the constantly advancing cost of material -
accomplishment, but the landowners
labor, and fuel, which must have someconsideration.
are still faced with serious immediate pro 1)-
As an example, the increases .
lems. The United States Sugar Corporation
in costs from 1943 to 1947 are as follows:
is a landowner in each of the sub-drainage

districts on the east and south of Lake OkerDistillate m__.:.._.. .......................... 42%
chobee. Representing this interest in the Lubricating Oil n..n............ 16%
ownership of the land and crops, we invite Fairbanks,:Morse repair parts..22%

the taxpayers and landowners to view the Common labor ....__......__.............. 25%
situation which confronts us in continuing Dragline per hour hire __..__..._____ 55%
the maintenance and operation of these districts Gasoline per gallon m__..__"'.''__''__ 19%
for the protection of land, crops, and
homes. As another example, in the South Florida
Conservancy District:

In 1942, the hours of
The districts, after various landowners' pump operation! were m___..._ 3,901
meetings, requested their i legislators to In 1947 (storms) the hours
amend the Go.erningcts to raise the ceilings of pump operation were .....- 34,664
controlling the maintenance taxes for ,
the years 1947 and 1948. This action was This special edition serves as a good
taken in view of the increase in the price of medium to invite the attention of the land-
materials,when it was apparent that the lake owners to the conditions facing us. As self-
had reached a high level and the surrounding preservation is the first law of Nature, by-
land was saturated. The amendments allowunited action we can meet the situation.

October 8. 1948 The Everglades News Canal Point. Florida Page Seven

. ______w_____




i II '
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F .t rv '.c -
t I
t I
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1I 1\II\
I .
Lake Park Delray Beach Lake Worth \..'. Palm Beach Canal Point :;

I PALM BEACH COUNTY'S while on the board are as follows: commissioner on the board. Mr. time to county problems.* He is ';
BOARD OF COMMISSIONERSare reduction of county indebtedness Prince was elected in 1934 1936 proud of his accomplishments in !
shown in the above picture improvement of county and stat 1938. 1940 1942. 1944. for four that the county was re-distncted i II!
seated at their work table in the roads approval of amendment allowing years. On the questionaire given through his efforts improved conditions I,
commission room at the court- return of a portion of the him he listed no other professionor of county home and child- ,;
house InVest Palm Beach. Theyare gas tax to counties for road work. business other than being coun- ren's home obtained aid to county I:
(left to right) A. A. Poston. Mr. Poston was chairman of th.? ty commissioner. His hobby is raising and city out of general road and
Lake Park; C. Y. Byrd. Delray board for 10 years.C. tropical fruits. Outstanding 'bridge fund for improvement of I;
t' Beach board chairman; .Jot.Tl. \ Y. BYRD. Delray Beach com- among accomplishments on t.u' streets within towns. Ii
l. I Prince Lake Worth; Lake Lytal missioner on the board. Mr. Byrdis board is the new Lake Worth PAUL RARDIN. Canal Point I''
, West Palm Beach and Paul the present chairman of th! bridge Boynton bridge county Glades commissioner on the board.
i Rardin Canal Point. Following are board. He was< elected commissioner park and airport at Lake Osborne He is proud of the fact that he hag II
I short sketches of the indivual commissioners in 1932. 1934 1936 1938 1940. Mr. Prince was chairman of the secured many miles of new countv Ii
i and their accomplishments 1942. 1944. 1946 for a four-}'ear board for 3'= years being succeeded roads in the Glades aided in bringing !Ii!
IJ, : term. He is a practicing attorneyin by Mr Byrd He is a mem- about reconstruction of state !i
A. A. POSTON. Lake Park his home town His hobbies are ber of the South Florida Flood roads in this area successful in i 1\\
commissioner on the board. Mr. golf fishing and hunting A few Control Committee. getting State Road Department to !i
Poston was elected in 1932. 1934 accomplishments are: Plans for a LAKE LYTAL. West Pain take over three important county II
1936. 1938. .1940. 1942 1944 for new jail improvement state and Beach commissioner on the board roads for maintenance secure! |;
! a four-}ear term. He is interestedin county roads new county hospital Mr L>.tal was elected in 1942. eight new trucks a bulldozer an l development of privately owned lower taxes. Mr Byrd served 1944. and again in 1946 for a four- dragline for his district to use in {Ii i
property on the east coast. His three years as vice chairman of year term. He notes in his answerto building county roads. Rardin !* I:
bobby is meeting and making the board our question of other professionor owner and publisher of The Everglades : .
I friends. A few accomplishments JOHN PRINCE. Lake Worth business that he "devotes entire News at Canal Point. j,




This Board Is Working Cooperatively State And National Groups In An Effort To Bring I

About A Plan That Will Solve Flood Devastation In Our Great State. 1I 1 f

t I

At a recent meeting of this county board on motion of Commissioner Paul Rardin a

resolution was unanimously adopted setting up $15,000.00 as Palm Beach County's

share in a 60000.00 fund, to be matched by the Internal Improvement Board in Tal-

lahassee with a like amount for a total of $120,000.00 to start a preliminary survey on ij

the Flood Control Plan. It was pointed out by the Tallahassee officials that the Federal -

I Plan could get under way several months earlier if this money was forthcoming. k

I The Palm Beach County amount was matched by Broward and Dade counties and II

I the Everglades Drainage district making a total(of $60,000.00 raised in South Flor- j;
ida. At the time the amount was voted Comissioner Rardin'ho lives in Canal Point

ti in the Everglades on the eastern shore of Lake Okeechobee. said: "This board will II

look back in years to come at this action today and pronounce it the most important

ti appropriation ever made by this group." .

I'' h


This Ad Inserted Through The Courtesy Of Paul Rardin At No Expense To Palm Beach CountyFriday. I




sage Eight The Everglades News Canal Point. Florida Friday. October 8, 1943

I Washington Officials To Visit Flooded Glades I

Senate Group Will! I I > Trippodo GuthrieMiss was a diamond cross. Mullis I McLarty The wedding is to take place on
The bride's
were Mrs. Oct. 23 at 5:30 p. in. in the Pahj-:
Jack Green matron of honor and I kee First Methodist C-jtirch. A
Visit Flood Area : Teresa Trippodo daughter :Miss Jany Edgar bridesmaid Mr. and Mrs. George Claude M- will be held at the ""om.an's reception -

cf :Mr. and :Mrs. Onofrio TrippoJoof Laity of Pahokee announce they'
Ralph Wright was :Mr. Guthri.'Ebest Club building folI ToSee First Hand Miami and Norwood Guthrie, man. Jack Green acted as engagement and approaching marriage I :\ Formal invitations! w.ll
son of :Mr. and Mr?. I. S. Guthrieof usher. ; of their danghter.Iiss: Joan i i iMcLarty.
not bIssued but friends of tee
Pahokee. married at the to John Walter :Mullu. j I
: were Following the
ceremony:\ recep- couple are invited to attend both
WASHINGTON Sen. George Plymouth Congregational Church. tion was held at the Coral Gables son of Mr. and Mrs. Morgan Mulls ,the wedding and reception.
Miami Saturday Oct. 2. at 5:30 also of Pahokee. .
Woman's Club -"
building. After a
\Malone (R-Nev), chairman of a
subcommittee: cf the Senate com- p. m., with Rev. David J. Davis, wedding trip to Havana. Cuba. Mr. Miss McLarty is a graduate of Jasper Reed Now
mitte on Public Works announcedthat pastor of the church officiating.The and :Mrs. Guthrie will be at their Pahokee High School. Class cf ,
some members of his committee bride, given in marriage bj home in Miami. 194. and while attending school I t I i Located In TampaJasper
together with some of the her father wore a white taffeta -- served for three years as drur.i i
members of the full committee, gown with full peplum skirt and SPAGHETTIMyra SrI'I.Eft major for the Pahokee High School 'I I of; Pahokee. who
will inspect the Florida flood con- court train. The square neckline of Lee Cruthirds entertainedat Band. : recently graduated from Bright'sFloral
\, trol area spending two days in the the fitted bodice was trimmed witr- her home on Belle Glade Rond Mr. MiiIIis graduated from Paho- ; School in Chicago is nov
State Oct. 16-17. seed pearls and the full illusion with a spaghetti supper party Friday kee High School in 1941 and servedin located in Tampa with The Floral
The Senatorial group of whicn veil was held by a tiara of seed evening. Invited guests were the U. S. Army Air Corps for I Shop on Nebraska Avenue. The
Sen. Spessard Holland is a member pearls and rhinestones. She carried Anna Lee Hurt. Rita Fay Hurt. three years during the war. He iv I Tampa shop serves the Latin and
will go direct to West Palm a bouquet of white carnationsand Carol Snyder Chandler Mclllwaln. now local representative for the American trade in that city and
Beach where they will be joinedby lilies of the valley centered Willard McCurdy. Tony Lively and Equitable Life Assurance Company I Jasper is well satisfied with his
the Florida Senator. with an orchid. Her only ornament Raymond Caruthers. Jr. I new connection.

Members of the subcommittee .
include Senators Malone John L.
McClellan (D-Ariz); Dennis Cha , y ..., . w ''' 'v. ,' u "ww,. . w. '
t.I(foc.-n ",
vez D-New Mexico); Edward Mar-
tin (R-Penn); John S. Cooper
(R-Ky) and Holland of Florida. ,
Other members of the full com- I
mittee include Senators Chapman
Revercomb (R-W Va) chairman
Harry P. Cain (R-Wash); ArthurV.
Watkins (R-Utah); John J. Williams -
(R-Del); Sheridan Downey Most Import ant
(1 -Garr); and W. Lee O'Dantel
Included in the Senatorial ir.- :
epecticn party will be a member of ,
the staff of the Army Chief of En-
gineers and the, district engineerof
the Florida disrtict.It .
will be remembered that while Motor Oil
the 80th Congress authorized an Development .
advance of $16,000,000 to complete
the first phase of the $208,000.000 a
flood control project no money fr
was appropriated by the Congress.
The committee had approved z. 4
total of $50,000.000 but the smaller '

um was faciliate authorized.To the'work. of ,the I in 9 !

Army Engineers and to get th; } x s
program started. Sen. Holland and years
other members of the subcommittee :
an the last day of the session
obtained an agreement from Chair-
man John Taber (R-NY), chair-
man of the House Appropriations

Bridges Committee(R-NH, and), chairman Senator of Style the ;:4 (Mf w "X" Safety racfw, for first time .

Senate Finance Committee that G

whatever in preliminary local money plans was might expended tensed - Attacks M./w CMS ,f : $If : kE'

to apply on the State's shai ELL
or the State or local subdivision Engine Wear!
might be reimbursed once appro- E'd
priations had been made. Consequently .' : -- C
43 I
the State of Florida the ; 00
Everglades Drainage District, kJ bc
Palm Beach Broward and Dade &;;!';:,'L.z"i'i: : <)" F'", +C" s.**cti 0"-0'.1 i
Counties have set aside $120.000.00 OrO R 01 L ;
to provide for preliminary sur-

veys.It'.was the opinion of Sen. Holland Acid Action from "On and Off" Driving

that if the committee cou'J
view the Florida project on tie Now Counteracted Engine Life Prolonged ,,
ground they could present H
stronger case to the full Public
Works Committee and consequently It's not friction, as generally assumed, that causes the
to the Congress.Gov. .
most engine wear!
Millard Caldwell said today ,
at Tallahassee he has wired It's Acid Action-chemical etching of engine parts

Malone' that the State Executive's .hat takes place in the low operating temperatures oftoday's
office "stands ready to mak "On and Off" driving!
available every convenience and
facility for your work." In jour short trips about town, to school to the office the
Caldwell, said Malone would be bank jour engine is intermittently"On and Off"... runs for
aided in his survey by Col. A. G. brief periods of time only. Hence it seldom warms-up to
Matthews former U. S. engine *" efficient operating temperatures. It runs"cold:. In these short This triumph of Shell Research-another Shell "first"-
who flood is now control.working with the Stateon "On" period, combustion may be incomplete and partially comes to you only in Shell X-1OO Motor Oil. This oil, long

burned fuel gases and moisture attack the smoothly polished famous for its ability to protect your engine under the stresses
School Purchases metal surfaces chemically. It's this biting Add Action that of sustained high speeds and extreme driving conditions, now
accounts for up to 90% of your engine's wear! has this added protection for. every mile you drive. It it
Property For Gym unequalled by any other motor oil, no matter its price.
Shell! Research worked
all out on this problem.. developed
a unique "X" safety factor to combat Acid Action. Now Let your Shell Dealer drain flush and refill jour crankcase
Purchase of the Mrs Lulu Ba 't
field property as enlargement of 2% million miles of road testing have proved conclusively with Shell X-100 Motor Oil today.
that with this "X" safety factor Acid Action is
the present Pahokee school site effectively
for $18.000 was approved Tuesdav counteracted-engine life is prolonged It's Incomparable' !
toy the county School Board.:
5<'boolAN Member Carmen

Salvatore consisting described of two the lots propertyas adjacentto

the Pahokre school having a
Canal total frontage Point Road of 130 feet on th" INC.

Appraisals placed the value at ,
$19.300 to $20.000. Four houses are
on the property.The .
property, according to present PHONE 419 BELLE GLADE, FLORIDA
plan will be used a* the site .
toss DeW eymnu um.




The Truly Distinguished Mind '

Prefers the Provinces






Explanatory Introduction.The I Finishing the conquest of the'levels in the canals to keep the I dust bowl and fire has consumed desert; the peninsula of Lower
following is. in large part Everglades will cost from $30,000000 ,- land fit for farming. It also doubted : untold acres of the peat-like soil. California which is a desert and
the well known
Pamphlet published to 60000000. the agricultural value of much : Drainage also has lowered the the desert-like plains of northern
by The :Miami Herald and writ- The job can be done. of the soil. It questioned whetherthe water table in the Everglades so Mexico.It .
ten by the very talented Jeanne This is the conclusoin of
men soil could produce enough to that the seaward push of freshwater is a belt in which the sun and
Bellamy Herald Staff Writer. who know the problem.* justify the high prices then beingchargt'd in the ground has not been parching winds rapidly suck up
The Pamphlet, as a whole, 18 a 05 *
for it. strong enough to hold back and
the I moisture this extremely bign
moat of Flood
compilation The Miami Herald assigned this This report was received with I
massive thrust of the ocean. The rate of evaporation is what makes
Control problems and should be writer to get the facts from ex- howls cf rage. Real estate promoters sea has crept into the rock along deserts.
read by everybody. perts. What they said is the basis sponsored public indignation the coastline
However The News salting wells whicn But the trade winds which blo-
Everglades of this pamphlet on the need for meetings at Fort Lauderdale, and supply the cities and those which
does not with all Miss Bel- toward Florida are wet winds.
water control in the .
Everglades.The all available copies of the report irrigate groves and farms.
lamy sets forth. We cannot, ando term "the Everglades" They come from a warm rgeion
is were burned. The
not endorse the entire pro- used easy solution of course, into a slightly cooler place and
to mean all of Southeast
The canal digging went" on. would have been to leave" the Everglades -
gramme of the Army Engineers Florida on the Atlantic wE"stwadacross I drop water. Florida's subtropicsun
A few technical men heeded the as nature formed then draws
which will cost 208000000. Lake Okeechobee moisture from the 8e'lon
We cannot, and do not, endorseit southward to and warnings. Elaborate plans were Yet to do so would have deprived both sides of the peninsulathe -
a point near toe
drafted for control works in the mankind of thousands of acres of Atlantic and
because burden Taxpayers the Gulf-to
it will our pi1*
town of
Everglades on the Gulf of canals. Sixteen locks were ins rich land and of the chance to rain clouds in
to the extent of over Three Mexico. This tan-I ip the path of the
area contains about ed in seven of the canals. enlarge cities in a region whien trade winds.
Million Dollars a year for the I I 5,000,000 of land. I
maintenance and upkeep of this acres these locks were taken out later j bas one of the best climates in All the water in the Everglades
As late as 1900, most of the .5 . I the world.
colossal undertaking.We comes from rain Threefourths oft
furthermore believe that no Everglades was a marsh. Floods By the time of the Florida land It's impossible now to let th! evaproates The deep solid rock
Engineering Talent in this wide and droughts in the Everglades I boom of 1925-26 almost 435 miles Everglades go back to their natural under the Evf'rglade&-unlike thatin

world can successfully design such caused lived no there.suffering because nobody of main canals had been dredgedat state. Drainage has upset their other places-contains no natural -
a complicated and complex project a cost of nearly $15.000.000.. original pattern. cisterns of water fit for manor
without making many serious Pioneers had settled along Flor- The 16 locks cost 2000.000 more. Besides too much human effo-t beast.In .
blunders which would most likely ida's East Coast. They clustered The boom burst. Three years and treasure have been staked on the south and southeastern
. involve the expenditure of additional along the coastal ridge between later, the national depression the usability of the Everglades. corner of Florida some of the rain
vast sums to correct the Atlantic ocean and the swamp strucc.Tbere was no more money Homes and vast agricultural en- filters through the soil into a
It is all very well to talk about which was the Everglades. for canal digging. There was no terprises have been built there shallow layer of porous rock like
Two Hundred and Eight Million Growth of Florida's population money for locks and dams to store The coastal cities have spread a sponge made of stone.
without provision for maintenanceand at the turn of the century re- water in the Everglades in time of westward down over the coastal This laver of porous rock
up-keep and to burden Everglades vived the dream of "redaimin drought There wasn't even ridge which is the eastern rim of reaches only as far north as the
Taxpayers with a perman- the Everglades. This dated to 1847 enough money to clean the canalsof the marsh, into the low fringesof latitude of Fort Lauderdal
ant and ever-increasing Tax Bur- I when Buckingham Smith, sent by silt and hyacinths which movedin the Everglades basin. It was Where this rock is, farmers in the
den which start at over Three the Secretary of War to make a to clog them.Meantime these western suburbs which suffered Everglades have found that not
Million a year. general report on the Everglades in 1926 and again in most acutely in the 1947 even heavy pumping along with
What would Flood Control ac- wrote that vast tracts of arable 1928. hurricane had hit Lake flood. dikes dams and ditches will control -
complish if our Taxpayers are to land could be opened to cultivation Okeechobee. The northeast fury of Until drainage began water In the water satisfactorily.It's .
go into Bankruptcy? They simply by digging proper canals. both storms pushed water from the Everglades followed this pattern easier to control the water
cannot bear the burden of Three . . the shallow lake over its low : north of the Fort Lauderdale lati-
:Million a year. People Thought the whole regio-i southern banks. Tons of water Rains over Central" Florida fed tude. There the Everglades are un-
The Plan herewith advocated would be good for agriculture. gushed: over the land. More than I j lakes and streams on the plairs derlain by clayey wbitegray mud
would cost about Twenty Millionsof They thought all that had to be 2.000 persons were drowned in i j| which slope southward from Or- and hard limestone. Little water
Dollars. It might solve the en- done was drain off the water and I 1|llando in Orange county. Largestof can sink into these solid layers
tire problem. It could be carriedon cover the dry ground with farms. I 11928. federal government stepped; of streams" there is the Kisstm- below the muck.
without the ruin of our Farmers cattle ranches, houses and town. |Jin. Army Engineers built a levee I mee nver. It flows into Lake . .
and Business Enterprises. Th Nobody realty knew the trut '.168 miles long around the southern Ok '*echobee. The Everglades are flat Prob-
Government has already approved about the Everglades then. ,nm of the lake, which is the second: i i Like a trout pool in a mounta ably no other spot on earth of
in excess of Sixteen Million which So. in 1907. work began on the largest body of fresh water entirely rrOC'>k. Lake Okf'E'Cbobeeheld similar size i h. *o flat as the Everglades -
would leave but a few additional dream. Within a few years a within the United States. much of the water descending Floods do not run off
Million to be supplied by our already whole flotilla of dredges was at (The largest: Lake Michigan) from the north. quickly from this flat land and
burdened Taxpayers. But it work, gashing 16 canals across th; The government" levee Is frwi The Everglades south of the lak It contains no deep holes big
could be done.Let flat marsh toward the ocean." 180 to 740 feet wide at its baa are" lower than the water in the enough to store water against
us not bite off more than The price of land in the Everglades and rises to a peak 34"j feet above lake when it i* full So the overflow drought.
we can chew. jumped from 25 cents an sea level It halted overflow from used to spill southward Since the government levee on
acre to $15 then $2OO In 1OO). the lake into the Everglades' Th through and over deep muck into the south shore of Lake Okeech-
By Jeanne Bellamy-Miami there were only about a dozen lake's only important outlets became the huge: flat marsh which is thEYf'rjtladt's bee was finished about 1937, the
Herald Staff Writer. landowners in the Everglades. By the canals running east to ba- in. It curves outh- big lake has been cut off from
The great flood of 1947 may become 1911. there were" 15.000. Stuart on the Atlantic and west east from the lake then southwest the reel of the Everglades Its
a turning point in the history Warnings were raised almost I to Fort Mvers on the Gulf. sloping almost imperceptibly to water has nothing to do"ltn
of South Florida. from the start. The menace from Lake Okechobe *- sea level near Cape Sable. Rains water conditions in the Evergladax *
Fixing blame for the flood 5s The state's chief drainage engineer was ended But the" ret of falling on the marsh brought more a whole.
easy. The damage it did was due predicted in 1911 that land : the Everglades continued to suffer water The canals south and east f
to these two facts: surface" height of the deep muckwould from the ajre.-old extreme-"! Before drainage thowholl" the lake carry fresh water from
1. People are" living in parts of fall a.... much as 18 inches much water or too little Everglades basin was flooded the Everglades toward the Atlantic -
the Everglades" which nature made after drainage. He said it wouldhe Every summer mav bP a tim often. It also suffered frori : even in dry weather Uncontrolled -
unfit for humans. necessary to hoard water one of flood in the Everglades Everv drought/ Layers' of ash in the these canal are to<>
2. Efforts made to date to the Everglades were drained to a winter msv brine drought muck tell of prehistoric drought-. big and too many in time ..f
change natural conditions in the point! two and a half feet below come ,.ell NI. or series cf years which let fire burn the muck itself drought Even under the best
Everglades have not been a success. the surface of the land. brine too much rain others to. operating/ condition, they are toO
"In mv opinion." wrote a Flo-- !little No formula has been found I This muck was formed by centuries few' and too mall to drain off

For 50 years civilization hap ida governor in the same year. for p"f'djctlnswht'n these IO1t- of growth and decay of plant floods
been trying to conquer the Eveirlades -- "to.-* man canals cannot be cut rarjre floods or droughts will J Ufo in the marsh: It is the largest Man's ingenuity has! created anew
The 1947 flood proved th; from the Everglades. the Atlantic come. body of organic nil in the world. pattern cf land and water in
Everglades remain untamed ocean or the Gulf of Mexico. Every To two ti! Since l pO. Everglades flood little natural outlet ought to be plades.j t he forcer against !u- Farther south it become thin and tte rainsRecrnin .
. .
have killed' more than 2.000 men. extended into the Glades as soon' nature to keep about tie !air virtually disappear tPlo"Att.*
women and children and ruined us our financial resources are :n quantity of water all fie time T-. Tam i a..r..: Trail dating back 62 j' .rshow .
rout $.")() .(lOO.l O worth of man' rond.tion to permit. region T"u-t he drained in .or.a . . summer i. flood time In the
works . . tine. irrigated in douphtExperience U'iti Few exceptions Florida\ Eve'jr'a'leAt M'amt on the tlifn
What has been done in the pat The United States Departmentof . . the only wet spot in tte belt encircling eastern nm the average yearly
hatf- ntury to try to tame the Agriculture: in 115 made a of tie past 50 years the globe or t>* latitude rainfall U MM inches Of this
Everglades has destroyed natural survey of so.1' along tie North has proved that drainage alone of the Everglades.This cniy about 15 inches nf,nnkle* the
assets worth at least another New River canal then newly cut does a* much harm as good. Unchecked belt contains tie Libyan: eta month of "winter from November .
50000000. from Fort Lauderdale toward drainage has left tte rich and Egyptian deserts, the Arabian throuJb'pil..
That's a toll of 2000 lives and Lake Okeecnobee The report aid soil parched in dry reason la desert the Indian desert and AD tt. rest-mere ttan 43
100000000. control would be heeded for water such time, the land taj become a the Punjab. which is aln"t a Continued tin pf 4)Esia6fis6edl924


Page Two Th Everglades News, Canal Point Florida "FLOOD CONTROL" Edition
------- --- -- --- --- -
-- -
---- - -
---- ----- -

Common SenseAs ,

Applied To Flood ControlThere !


will be neither Security or Prosperity within r rI I
'Southeastern Florida until a sensible and practical Flood # t tI
Control program has become a reality. i tI I
There are differences of opinion as to what constitutesa I
practical program. i
The opinion of the layman is of little consequence. :: s!
Flood Control is purely a matter of Engineering. I
Engineers are varied and many. :
United States Army Engineers have made a survey ; rn : I f
And have registered their opinion. I

Some say the Army Engineer plan will work. Some say ,, I
it will not. Still others declare positively it will not work. t
All Army Engineers were trained and educated in what : ; COMPLIMENTS OF iH i I
Engineering they know, at West Point. The course they : I I

took studies in which Engineering were numerous.was supplemented It was a sideline.to their other ;H; The City Ice and !H!

And this is just why the entire program of the Army

able Engineers Engineers.is not accepted by many which includes some i I Fuel Company ,: i

Engineers as a rule, have received their Degrees by
confining their studies to the single branch of Engineering ; I !
they have chosen as their life's work. t I I
Congress has Billions of American money to dump in ,: ; III IIIi !,
the European Ash Can, but when it comes to appropriating '
a few million for American Flood relief, they suddenly : Ii I
become more lIoIier-than-Thou than the Pharisees and bellow i i
about Economy. ;
_ Some'! have swallowed hook line and sinker, the Army : j I
Engineers recommendations. Others, including Engineers, !
who have no axes to grind, seriously doubt if the Plan will I
'Work.One well known business Executive said recently; "Let : : I
them appropriate the $208,000,000. If we don't get it they I I
will squander it on Europe, and we may as well have the
benefit of the Prosperity such an appropriation will
create." i
The sensible procedure would be to check the Army .i I !
Engineers Plan with Engineers whose experience has been J
confined to Flood problems, and who have lived in the
Everglades and know the Glades. -
Another Executive whose opinions are valuable,and who

employs"Control Engineers the Lake,and mr.de you the will following solve the statement entire problem.: ,:..... .J-'-T ....... .._...Jt.A.. . . . ..J ..- '.-.....- -..... ...... .!... #t........ ..

Widen and deepen existing Canals and build one or two +
more. The cost would be trifling as compared with the 4sy +
vast program recommended. Flooding thousands of +
acres would be entirely unnecessary under this simple +
+ .
This sounds like old fashioned horse sense. + +
When there is an abundance of water in Lake Okeecho-
bee to meet every requirement why construct other lakes? + t
The Army Plan, or any other Plan, will never work un- + ;
less the Water Level in the Lake is sufficiently lowered
with the approach of the Hurricane Season. +
Any Flood Control Policy must protect Property Rights.It +
must not mutilate Cattle Land, or any other Land, if it + f
can be avoided and without due Restitution. +. +
+. '

,+ .>

; t

Seminole Rock Products, Inc.P. I si+ I 4-f+

O. Box 3940 Phone 4-2541 +

Red Road and 13 st. X. W. + y

Compliments Of *
Miami Florida
I d +

t Serralles Everglades :

-- ------- ---- -- --- -
; Farms, Inc. :

i Miami, 30, Florida !

1490 WEAT NBCThe +

Voice Of NBC In Palm Beach County .:. y.




$4 -
: V
+ v
.y. t

s4 vV a

# "X..x-: : "":-X--X-h--HH-X-------:.++*++$*

CONTROL" Edition Ths Everglades News Canal Point Florida Page Three
---- -
-- -- -
-- ---
- -
Such a trend will\ certainly reflect These good reporters serve a tion as it exists he may- reach a
Saint Lucie Canal and support values baaed tremendously useful purpose, as bargaining position. We devoutly-
upon a forecast of reasonably as- we see it. The reports brought at hope that this occurs. It is a lead
sured production. The removal of least one interesting reaction. Mr. pipe cinch that the politicos will\
hazard is the addition of value to Rolf Kaltenborn Republican can- pretty well\ ignore us until we are
Work Starts Parade lands. This work to the northwardwill didate for Congress from this di. in a position to barter for our
\ operate immediately\ thinkto trict, promptly announced that he rights.
ameliorate some of the present:
Washington-bound to see what We admire Kaltenborn's energy.We .
-- hazard from flood all through our
(Editorial from Palm Beach hear of important purchases of Glades. can be done about things. That is miss a like determination in

Times) acreage in this section. The inten Out of that will come recogni- action. We have no knowledge of other quarters. We hope that it
Better than a million and a half is to develop not speculate. Thatis tion of the necessity to preserve what it will produce but it is ac- serves a useful purpose. Every

dollars appears assured for workon profoundly encouraging. water against dry cycles. That, ir. tion. drop of water wears away the .. the St. Lucie Canal. That is a The writer of these comments is turn will\ come in the way of
If the young man can impress sistance. We Kaltenborn sallies
minor part of the Army Engineers not qualified to talk real estate thoughtful application of engineering hope -
Plan for Flood Control. But it is a values. This is no attempt to talk principles. And it will come. people with his knowledge of the forth equipped with oceans of
vitally important part. It start them. But we do feel that we can A serious and unselfish approachwill flood problem and convey to thi drops. His cause is a good one. His
the parade. Whatever starts the sense trends. We sense a definite \ win through to victory for the powers a plan which is comprehensive spirit of fighting service highly
parade pretty well assures that trend away from the depressing results Glades. A political mouthbrotli I and responsive to the situ commendable.
the parade will continue its march. of the torrential rains anJ will\ accomplish nothing.

To increase by sixty percent the resultant floods To those men and Good and able men are at work ----- -- - --- ----- -----
drainage capacity of this sluice la women who have fought the fight as we have said for nearly a year.
to forefend against serious damage of the Glades who have with\ fait The fruits of their labors begin t
in the future in some section and fortitude withstood the trials to appear. Fruit is selfpropagating. I II
But more important it will prove and tribulations we offer genuine Let's add the fertilizer of understanding ,I
the efficacy of such works and hope for widening\ developmentunder co-operation a n J j
their productivity. Already we increasingly safe conditions. united effort to accomplish for all. II' I II'
. .. W. A. Cross Farms
---- -- - -- -
I Young Kaltenborn 1 I' I

I Shows His InterestIn II P.O. Box 366

Glades Equipment Company South Fla. Plan ,I

F. M. Shaughnessy Phone 2481 I'G
f (Editorial from The Palm ro\vers of
Beach Times)

I Ic\.ormick-Deering Farm Operating Equipment i! Recent reports from men return- I
ing from Washington establish
I International Motor Trucks and I! that there is small hope in this session II Fancy Cabbage I

i Industrial Power !i i'I of the Congress for a truly
II over-all flood control plan for the
''I Glades. The extent of their pessimism I

Motor Trucks FarmalIs I: bespeaks their attitude.
1'1 We are not frightened by these Telephones: Ii
Trailers! Trac-Tractois reports.We .

Dairy Equipment DieselsPower I believe that these men ap-
r-roach all things as rightly they 527 Farm 3382 I;!
i Dusters Units I,
should from the standpoint of
Farm Wagons Farm Implements i! technical procedure. That sort of I I i ,I
I thing is always redundant and It
; l'' tautological in its manifestations.Flood Ii Pahokee Florida
control for the Glades is. I

1, ii we think inevitable because it is ,I I

right. It makes sense. It is souni II

from every angle. So it will\ come.I I _

----- ----- ------ ---- -- -- ----- - ---- -

tI;,; " ", ,, " " " " " " " "." " ", ,, ,, " " " " " ."T," " " " " " " " " "..

Faithfully Serving The Glades .

: .:..:..:..:ssas; :ssssssisass as s

4 Buses Daily To 0ii o

I Miami West Palm Beach '


Ft. Myers & Lakeland

.. &.fs;. <...... ....-........s...t..

Glades Motor Lines, Inc.

.... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... .... .... ... .... .... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ,r W.W W"FLOOD '


Page Four The Everglades News Canal Point. Florida "FLOOD CONTROLtil1

TAMING THE- and southeast. I controlled to protect both agricul- cities have an interest in water: I rights and

Continued from page 1 These pumps would be two-way I t ure and the cities. The control control for the Everglades. They II I swapping would be encouraged -

I machines. When heavy rains works will cost about 60000000. should bear a share of the cost. by the fact that these oil
I drench the lands around the lake and mineral
5555 rights would become
inches of from Productive land
rain--comes May in the Ever I
through October. It is not uncommon the pumps would draw the water Who should pay this. $60,000- glades, which would not exist bat tax-free.
from them and dump it into fire DOO? *
for as much as 30 inchesto water control should pay a

fall within one month as happened lake. In dry spells, the pumps All the people of the United big part of the cost of control To Operate the new system. the
would be reversed to suck water States, through the federal works. What
near Homestead in June, government water control means Everglades Drainage District
3947. out of the lake and fill the canalsto will be asked to foot part to this good land has been proved

Even now records for the Interior keep the soil moist. of the bill as a measure for Ooo.Jcontrol by what happened under drainage would need power and money itdoesn't

of the Everglades haven't Between this agricultural area They have a stake in the alone: The muck has shrunk an have now. These could oe

and the coastal ridge. three im- rich Everglades lands which conferred only by an act of the
been kept long enough to provide provide average of two and a half feet below -

an; average for rainfall there. mense, shallow lakes separated winter vegetables for the na- its original height-as muchas Florida legislature, which meets in
only by canals and dikes would be don. and in the cities on the rim of
Weather men say it is at least 15 six feet in some placesandthis 1949.

inches a year more than on the created. They would be boundedon the Everglades which offer a soil has been lost forever. Bu' The construction work will be
the north and west by the dik
coast. warm winter climate for health- these lands can't stand the whole
and canal encircling the agricultural giving recreation.But cost of water just the first step in the final
And rain in the Everglades <3 area. control especaillv taming of the Everglades.
the nation cannot be
ex- since
only one third of them are
spotty. One spot may get more 555 Maintaining water
proper con-
pected to play Santa Claus to the in production.The .
than 80 inches in a year while a Eastern Limits of the three trol in the Everglades will be %
people of South Florida by makingan State of
Florida has an Interest -
nearby place gets only 60. lakes would be a row of dikes nea outright gift of all the money in hard and thankless job. Whoever
Everglades water control
Each year's rain is not the same. the coastal ridge.Northernmost does it win be in the middle of an
needed to control water in the
because this is
region the biggest
In 1908 for Miami bad
example of the three lakes Everglades.The endless tug-of-war between land
more than 85 inches the record to lying west of West Palm Beacn federal government will ex: source of state revenues. The state owners who want the water level

date. In 1944. rain in Miami was and Delray Beach would cover government should help to provide raised and those who want to resist
pect local interests to put up someof water control.
leas than half the annual average. more than 100.000 acres. It would the $30,000,000 for the basic 555 pressure and operate the

In the drought from 1943 end at a new dike along the Hills- works. Then there will be another system in the best Interest of the
The Bankruptcy of the Everglades
through 1946. Miami's total boro canaL whole region.
$30,000,000 or more for the
Drainage District iin 1931
fall was 87 inches lesa than aver Water control
The middle lake, northwest of will not stop
ditches dikes and which
age-a shortage of 18 months' rain Fort Lauderdale would extend pumps stands as a wanning against shrinkage of the muck altogether.
will complete the system. spending too* mod too fast for
within four years. over 86,000 acres from the Hills- It has been estimated that the
( News Editorial
Everglades water control. (Everglades New.
That was the longest drought 01 boro canal to a dike along the Note: It is estimated it will cost la Editorial Note And this is just muck will subside at the rate of
- record. Then came the 1947 flood. North New River canal. about one-half inch each year even
of Three Million
excess a year why so many are in favor of first
Canals dikes and ditches with the highest water level which
built The third and largest lake wouid which believe will bankrupt
many trying deepening and widening tlw
to' dry up the Everglades couldn't reach all the way from the North will permit farming.
Everglades including
three canals West Palm Beach,,
carry off that food New River canal to the Tamiarar Corporations. Farmers and Packing But the muck is' at least five
Hillsboro and North New River
(Everglades News Editorial trail covering 800,000 acres northwest Houses The entire plan of with the feet deep in the 600,000 acres of
possible construction of
"Note: This is merely the opinionof of Miami. good land. In some places it is 12
will cost $208.-
Army Engineers
another Canal South of St. Lucie
the Author. It has never been AU excess water from the agricultural 000,000. feet deep.
which would cost about
tried with wider and deeper canals area would be pumped into ess. Twenty With Proper water control anl
Million,-and if such Plan
-Many Competent Autoritie theese lakes and impounded. a farming practices, this muck will
The new Everglades water con-
not solve the entire problem
believe it would solve the entire Three-fourths of it would evaporate -' last a long, long time For 100
trol is the first under
project a .) Capital outlay must not putthe
problem.) years pumps have been used to
The rest would fill the par-- 1944 federal law fools
allowing district in
so deep that
sees drain parts of the 300.000 of
cus rock which is South Florida' acres
Now at last the truth is known underground water reservoir.If through improvement works. The big money cant be raised as needed peat in the Fens of England and
existing drainage for
about the Everglades.. the northernmost lake should proper maintenance and opera the annual loss of land there is said
project is trail-blazer inane w
ticn of the system
Until now they were a mysterious rise too high control works along field. to be about one inch a year. Some
The plan drafted by the Army
Basic of the English peat originally was
place. facts were lack- the Hillsboro canal dike would
ing to for Army Engineers might operalit < Engineers will permit step.bystep"f'onstructlon. deeper than the muck of the Everglades
guide the
plans taming pipe some of the water into thimiddle it as they do the levee and tw' First would come
Everglades by controlling th e lake. Excess water there .
main canals of Lake Okecchobw.
the work needed to
water in them.Planners protect land With the land continuing to subside
would be piped into the south lake, The DiS'trict
Everglades Drainage
under cultivation'
actually in
of the past had T was created by the Florida use by cities and their suburbs..
depend on guesswork and foUtlore. k trail into the Everglades Nationa demands will arise for lower watT
legislature in 1913 to drain th* Protective works could be extended
They didn't know what kin*9 park. levels
Everglades It went broke in 1931.
as need arises.
of soil lay under the marsh or The Park. Created just before. Even if the Army Engineers'nrniect
It defaulted on an $18.000.000 deb: Land to be used for the thivlakes
what it was good for. They didn'' the 1947 flood is designed to pre were a nhvsical reality today
incurred to finance the work fin-
will have to become \
know what kinds of rock public a thousand would
lay u.- serve that part of the Everglade I
fished' up to then> Refinancing *n The State
der the muck how the water acte 1 in its natural marshy condition property. governmenthas remain to be solved These will be
1944 cut the district's debt to 4.
agreed to help the Everglades
in the rock, where the water problems in human relations in
cam' And the park is the old natural
1500.000, and this has been> reduced
Drainage District get this
from and where it went. outlet and delta of the Everglade3basin. to $2750000 net. But the distric land the interplay of economic and political
All these basic facts are in ham by swapping with private fOI'f't"--RII affected by what

now for the first time. The Army Engineers' plan call is forbidden bv law to spt'nlmont'Y owners. The exchange would give i* done about water in the Ever-
for anything but paying of the owners land outside the wat_r
Since 1939 the United State I for hoarding all the rain that fall this debt. rlade

Geological Survey has been study on the Everglades in Lake Okee. conservation area. These are the words of Fred C.
Densely populated parts of th Much of the land to be covered
tog South Florida. A full report chobee and the three lakes exct'ptin East FMmtt! of Tallahassee who was
Coast not
are in the Ever
with water has little or no surface *
is being written the chief drainage engineer of the
on findings 01 f time of flood Then the exees< glades i
those eight years. It will tell what would be allowed to escatethrough Drainage District. But th value." Its chief value, if any. is in Everglades from 1912 to 1931 awl
1047 I
flood in their '
suburbs an5rVo'iehts oil
lies under and mineral rights The Everglades who directed
the surface of thf the national park. Pump the digging almost
region how the water acts under in the canals leading away from have which hit their water I Drainage District would I all the main canals now In existence
sources, proved that thee let
private owners keep then"
ground above C ".
Lake Oke rhob?e and at the eastern -

sees borders of the three lakes als

During The<< Same period. tie would boost excess water froui

Soil Conservation Service of the the lakes into the Atlantic D 4 .f. I

United States Department of Agriculture : I The Army Engineers Claim that

made a detailed study of all dikes built would be higi

the 5000.000 acres of the E\er- enough to hold back the worst

glades. flood which could occur. They

This showed that only about would rise two and a half feet or

600,000 acres of the<< Everglades w more above the water level caused Sinclair-Kirchman Company

good for long-term agriculture by the 19-11 flood the worst on
Less than one-third of this rich record.

land which lies southeast and The dikes would be wide enougn A. K. Kirchmnn' C.-I-ref.-Gen. Manager
south of Lake Okt'e'<'obeeo, in under to carry roads.

cultivation. j Purpose of the plan is two-fold I PHONE 124 P. O. BOX 2:*

The soil survey snowed the other \To protect the good agriculturallands

82 per cent of the Evergladesis in the Everglades and to BELLS GLADE: FLORIDADISTRIBUTORS

worthless for long-term. culti- protect the cities along the eastroast
from flood and drought.
Now, too. records have been s s e e

kept long enough to give an understanding Storing Water in the three huge

of rainfall evaporation lakes would it is claimed, main- OF

the rate of runoff in canalsand tain a water level in the porous

I other things which must be rock high enough to p ah tack :

considered in planning a sound the salt water encroaching at the Sinclair Products i

water control program. coi-tlmeDelaiU.
of the plan as draftei,

Army Engineers Plan Calls are not unchangeable. If authorized
for a compromise between civilization
by congress-that Is. approvedIn

and the wild Everglades It principle a*! a job which shoull
would halt the futile effort to "re be done
bv Army Engineers-the Sinclair Fuels
claim" all of the Everglades It plan can be amended within the and Lubricants

would protect the good land and limit of money available
the cities letting the rest of the . . Approved And Recommended By

Everglades go back to their nat- Land in the Everglades is manmade ,

ural state under strict control land just as islands in Equipment Manufacturers

The 600.000 acres of rich land Bi!&cayre has are man-made

routs and southeast of Lake OkecChobee The islards were pumped from

would b- encircled by the bay bottom. Land in the EverCtaies .

dike and canal! Existing canal : was created bv drainage

Ulf'nand one more, would carry and can b* kept fit for use only For

off water in flO<"dtlmf'. Pumps bv water control to prevent flood! Prompt And Efficient

would speed te flow. .
Control and aware supply of water In
works in the cj n.'\l. would halt dOURhtSWithout. I

runoff in time of drought and tarn water cortroL Eveeade -- Service Patronize Local

the cnrals: into irrigation ditche !' land could not be far'* e-J. I

Instead of belrjr cut off from and the cities cf Flonda Ea" i !

the Everglades a* it has been fo* Coast would be confined fort'vt.1 Sinclair Dealers

a decade Lake: OkeechoJr-ee wool to the limit of the ridge on w-ici

be turned into a reserw9r for Ir- they started ;

rimtloi lure pump wools T> What has been done in the past I

Installed at t1efour points where leaves South Florida no choice, Ij

canals touch the lake on the.tUh water in the Everglades oust be i


""FLOOD CONTROL" Edition Th* Everglades News, Canal Point. Florida Page One

-- ----------
-- --
-----------n----------1 - -
is smoother smaller and strongerthan engine throw out the anchor and Horsemen returning to Hialea1
Plastic With Beard Like
Shrimp other lines of equal diameter say "They ought to be just about next season will find many improvements -
and is not affected by salt water here with the tide like it is now." in the stable area. Tne
Santa Claus Helps Secretary Of Press and will not kink. And 111 be a sonofasalamanderif 26 barns and frame buildings have
So after years of foolin' around they usuallly ain't. been re-roofed at Florida's lead-

Association Catch FishBy I've finally settled on equipmentthat "Hutch" is a bang-up Tarpon ing track and the bunk rooms at
Unsuspecting I can depend on. But it takes guide too, and if you happen tJ each end of the stables have been
be in the mood sealed and plastered. Additional
to mix with just
more than that to catch fish; you
about any variety of the finny wiring was installed in the rooms.
( Russell Kay) have to know where the fool things
tribe get this old maestro to take Also the track kitchens have beet
I licked that too.
Secretary Florida Press Association are. problem by
engaging "Old Hutch" the best you out and you won't be disap enlarged and remodeled.The .
rye been taking my vacation ers like Santa Claus pop-eyed guide on Tampa Bay who operatesout pointed. .. .a
piecemeal this year. Instead of squids with red white and blue .. .
of Bayside Camp at the Pine- 32nd Annual Meeting of th3:
traipsing off to the mountains or tail feathers spoor in gold silver las side of Gandy Bridge. I don't Scientists working on the Uni- Florida State Chamber of Com-
the seashore I've been seeking and cronium, artificial minnows know how the guy does it, but he versity of Chicago's multi-million merce will be held at Orlando.
rest and recreation right here at that glow in the dark plugs with can run out in the middle of the dollar atomc research program are November 15-16 it was announcedthis
home. With things quited down at built-::-! cavities that could be fill- day where the water look just lik: using atomic energy for ultra- week by Executiveicepreji-
the office. I've found that I can edith fish oil to make > l
m sme< it does anywhere else stop the delicate lubrication studies. dent Harold Colee.
sneak off. climb into some old important and a lot cf other silly

clothes and be out in a boat on tnnklets. ----- -- -- - --- - -
Tampa Bay in a matter of minutes It's a stage that I'm told every I
rF rrrr
and that's what I've been doin: sports fisherman goes through before .
every chance I get. be finally learns that all in
You know this fishin' business the world you need is one or twto
grows on a guy. I can remember good surface baits and a coup
back when I used to think that for underwater use. rye settled fora
anybody who would sit all day ian "s Zaragoosa or a Dalton Specialfor
open boat in the broiling sun top water and the May West
and dangle a fish pole in the water or Convict below the surface. .:I
was certainly a dumb cluck and Maybe we'd better pause here
maybe they are but when a fel- and give those readers who are
low really gets bit by the bug like becoming slightly nauseated a
I have it all seems to add up and chance to leave quietly. I know
make sense. there is nothing that sounds sillier
While the average bay fisherman to a non-fisherman than the
in search of trout is con ten: language of the sport as employedby
to employ an old bamboo pole, those in the know.
hook line and sinker. I graduatedfrom For years I have used the regulation -
that early in the game and split bamboo or steel rod
do most of my fishin the hard way and then I read about a new and
with a light casting rod and plug. revolutionary type of rod being
You don't catch as many fish asa manufactured righ there in Floridaat .
rule but to my notion you hav-3 Jacksonville by a fellow named
a lot more fun with those you 'Jo Walter L. Rives. It seems that

snag.I Walter, an ardent fisherman himself -
, used to be a sucker for every got tired of snagged lines
new gadget in the way of bait or backlashes and other difficultiesthat
tackle that came on the market! arose from guides being on
I'd read the enticing ads that told the top of the rod. I
how old Bill Bozo tied a Wampis "'\"by." he asked "couldn't *
Wiggler on his line and caught so rod be made with the line guides
many fish in 30 minutes that he on the underside?" He got busy
had to quit for fear of swampn and the "20th Century fishing roJ"
his boat; or. Samuel Q. Zizzlebaumof is the result. I got one and an
Brooklyn who had never fished here to tell you that it is a dilly. .:I
before in his life catching 72 trout Light as a feather, you can cast
none of 'em under three pounds with it all day and never get tired "
using nothing but a Darting Dang- All it requires is a little twist of
ler. Nothing to do I would have to the wrist and the line unhinderedand

have me one of them there things: running free goes out a mile COMPLIMENTS
r- and I accumulated the darndes I, Although plenty strong it is8 I
mess of piscatorial hardware you resilient as a buggy whip and I've
ever saw plugs with tails that never used a rod as sensitive.
wiggle plastic shrimp with whisk- Rives rod differs from the Brothers Inc.
standard or old style rods in that! Lykes
--- -- -- - - the tip is set above the reel ;o ,
that the line runs through the
guides underneath the rod ther"*-
by preventing contact between the
C. G. WARNER and line and the rod. This prevents We Serve The Everglades

chafing or rubbing and there is
no chance of snagging or hitchingthe

BUILDERS line over an upturned guid-. -FROM-
The center of gravity is low" er'd
Phone 7215 238 Phlpps Plaza
and a more perfect balance is obtained I
Palm Beach, Florida .
C. G Warner Pres For line I use Statesman Nylon
Bait Casting Line manufacture I
W. F. Prather V. Pres
by the Norwich Line Company 4110 S. DIXIE
with plants at St. Augustine. Florida -
-- -- ------ -- ---- ---
and Norwich. Connecticut. It



Member Federal Reserve System

Member Federal Deposit

Insurance Corporation

i :

-- -- ---- - -

Page Two_ The Everglades News, Canal Point, Florida "FLOOD CONTROL Edition
-- ----
though, and this is important, not
Miami Sees -
Paper on the Everglades drainage dis I

trict. They sold the same idea,

Little That's Done with the aid of the county commission , f
here in Dade. to Hood victims I I I
and others in the referenda on the : I
E. D. DistrictFormer I
By three local conservation areas. ;i I : I
is concrete ;
Regardless there no O
evidence that the area as \ I
State Sen. Ernest R.
ed by the legislation is
Graham's record of opposition to project-I'
to the army engineers' f
the of the Everglades ;
drainage perpetuation district-which in 20 even establishment needful ,here consonant in with the Rubin Construction Co. !

has done nothing of sub-
years army engineers' plan of a conser- .
stance for Dade-has been unde-
vation area of our own. : :
viating. Nevertheless current political The Daily News has not changedits
made of his .i I
capital is being
position on the legislation to :
suit to block creation of a huge perpetuate the Everglades drain- ;

three-county conservation area in district. The inequities com- :
age Contractor
south Florida-a suit, incidentally bined with the apparently unconstitutional Paving : I
in which he represents the in-
provisions, of legislation I
teresta of many small landowner to continue an outworn legislative : I
in the district. Apart from the ef- i r
entity, now in fact in process -
fect of this on Graham who can and
of liquidation were
take care of himself what is th., compelling. -Miami Daily New : I

real story of this suit . II
The legislation senate bill 972,
against which the suit is aimed LEADER NEEDEDThe I

was passed by the 1947 legislature I
after the district, in desperation to great need of the hour to

salvage something from an am- insure Flood Control Progress is Land Clearing Ditching. !
bitious program to keep the dis- a Leader-a real Leader with no: I I I :
trict forever on the taxpayer's Political or Commercial axes to : \

neck had succeeded in blocking grind-a Leader who would have I ', i I

house bill 660 on the senate cal- but one objective: to lead the way
endar. The house-passed bill which to success by a sane and cautious Parking Area DrivewaysWest : :

The Daily News endorsed would Flood Control Policy.
I Ii
have paid off the district's present It is scarcely possible to find i

bonded indebtedness in four two people who are in perfect ac-

years and in consequence of the cord on Flood Control. Each indi- Ii

liquidation of the district, stoppedthe vidual has his own plan and his : i
tax burden which the district own ideas. This confusion has -

eo unnecessarily imposed. halted and delayed a real Flood
The legislation it should be emphasized Control Policy. i I II

was passed before the -. I I

1947 Hoods, not to speak of the IT TAKES TIMEWe s I

1948 flood control plan of t.e Palm Beach Fla.

army engineers, which is now i.i will have to endure the haz- i
the pl'OCeB8-a slow process at ards of two Hurricane Seasons iI I

best-of consideration by the before there is any hope of relief. I

budget bureau, and ultimately of Even though the State Legislature P. O. Box 2771 Telephone 2-2486 : !
the congress. Then on what makes the necessary appropriationin ,
grounds aside from politics can a the Spring of 1949 it will be : I
suit to invalidate the be
legislation too late to accomplish anything I, ;
construed as opposition to the prior to the Hurricane Season 0: j jt t
flood control plan? that year. :
The tenuous arguments support- ..-

Ing this position are based on the The Everglades as late as 1900

fact that district supporters sold was mostly a marsh. Droughts and

the army engineers on the prin- floods caused no suffering because I ,

ciple of a conservation area- there were no inhabitants. -- --
- -- - _
----- -
I -- -- -
- -- ----
-- ---
-- --- - -
- -
- -
-- -- -


Splendid Cooperation


Southeastern FloridaWILL


Flood Control ProgramTHAT


Security And Prosperity For All

Bessemer Properties .




"FLOOD CONTROL" Edition The Everglades News, Canal Point, Florida Page Throe



present herewith in full a project basing its protest on the asset to protect another. One proposal seems to* be smething that will able harm to the Everglades and

splendid Editorial published *n expense it would entail for local being advanced there is that bear a great deal more study. The all South Florida. They shout
Fort Myers News-Press of Febru- interests The company finds that instead of pouring more water preliminary .stages at which the
from the St. Johns and Kissim- serve as a warning to go slow on
ary 22, 1948. We heartily endorse the annual maintenance pros cons ordinarily would
this solemn warning to go slow ; charges mee valleys into Lake Okeechobee.as have been considered have nov? this one.
and sure, rather than fast and un- alone, aside from any local contri- the plan provides the Kissim- been passed but there is still plenty . .
certain.If bution toward the costs of con- mee waters should be diverted be- i of time for any objections to bj

modern engineering is whatit struction, would amount to more fore they reach the lake possiblyby aired and the senate and house In certain portions of the Everglades -
professes to be it should be than S3 an acre and it holds this a channel to the Atlantic northof committees which will handle the folks are living where it is

possible to formulate a plan whicJi prohibitive. Other property own- the St. Lucie. bill should hold thorough public: unfit for human beings. Up to this
ers are beginning to feel some Whether the new flood control hearings. Previous ill-conceived I
would protect all sections and de- time efforts to conquor the Everglades
stroy none. To deepen and wideen concern for other reasons as well. plan is a good flood control plan drainage plans have done irrepar- have not been a success_
One question is what the drainag-
existing canals with new canal;
plan would do to their lands in
and dykes to protect area previously -
dry seasons Another is whether
flooded would seem to be
the proposed new canals would i>' ,
practical.The .
adequate to handle the proposed I II
too complicatedand
project is
higher Lake Okeechobee level in I .
great to successfully completethe
wet seasons without flooding a I
task at one undertaking. Vital
joining lands. Still another question I
spots should be corrected and tried
what the vast to
is changes be
out. That would be real progress. I
made in the whole Everglade;
drainage situation will do to the I
NOT TOO FAST present private drainage systems I II

An Editorial From the Fort and whether extensive alterationsof .
liyer News-Press: these systems would be neces-

There is something a little dis- sary at private expense. All these
quieting about the slam-bang man- questions need answers and none
ner in which the ambitious $208- have been given so far.
000.000 Florida flood control pro- One matter of particular inter-
gram seems to be rocketing est to Fort Myers has just been
through the official channels. It raised across the way at Stuart.
was put forward only last fait There they find that their St.
after the September storms and Lucie River has been fouled up by
the floods which followed them in the discharge of muddy waters
the Fort Lauderdale-Miami area. from Lake Okeechobee causing a
In five short months since thei. $900,000 loss to the commercial
it has been approved by the district and sport fishing and the tourist
army engineer's office in industries. "One of our greatest;
Jacksonville, approved by the en- tourist attractions beautiful
gineers' rivers and harbors board clean river full of fish-has been

after a perfunctory hearing, ap- destroyed for the time being, at I
proved by Governor Caldwell, and least, in order to drain the great I
submitted to the federal budget central reservoir," says the Stuart
bureau, and bills to authorize the News. "What used to be a clean.

program are to be introduced in inviting river is now mud soup I
the senate and house tomorrow. Silt is building up the bottom.
Ordinarily all of this busmen Tourists brought here from all .I
would have taken a year or more. over the nation to enjoy Florida' I rli
The unusual haste with which finest fishing might as well sic
this project has been rammed fishing in the soupy Mississippi aNew !
through to its present stage ha? Orleans. Scores of hotel re>- I
foreclosed the careful examinationand ervatons have been cancelled. Tin

thorough discussion that a loss has been felt in every bracketof I
matter of this scope should have our business life. And to top
Flood control is a great thing. all this. the economic take of foo

sure, but is this particular flood fish from the river. which puts I II II
control plan going to be an una- money into our business channels The
loyed boon to everybody? Are has dwindled to a trickle. Ocean I
there any drawbacks to the plan7 fish will not invade this muddy
There are many questions that day which used to be the beautifulSt.
are to be considered, and they have Lucie."
not been considered so far becaus The Caloosahatchee River along J. D. MANLYCONSTRUCTION

of the speed with which the pre- with the St. Lucie is a main outlet I !
liminaries have bee rushed for Lake Okeechobee and the new
through. plan calls for pouring even more
For one thing the United States<< lake water through these river*
Sugar Corp. at Clewiston has now than is discharged now. The capacity il CO.
registered formal opposition to the for discharging lake water

through the Caloosafcatchee wouldbe i
-- ---
more than doubled 25000 '
----- -
cubic feet a second against le&J 1 I
than 12.000 at present. What is
that going to do to our ri\"t"r"? It'!, /
William C. Young an important question but it has
not been considered here to any II; Leesburg, Florida
data Ii IiII
Distributor extent and no engineering
has been presented on the subject.At II i
Stuart the county commu'r.on *-

Pure Oil Products and the local port authority I
have called a special meeting fcr I

:Monday to consider the public I I II II
Belle Glade Fla.
protest They are fcr the principle I
of flood control but they are not
n_ __ ____ _ of natural I ,i
in favor destroying one I' I
- -- -- - -- ,
- - .
I ,
!fl I


I :
I i

Berry's Funeral Home !Ii II IIIi/ ,




PHONE 2301 i

Pahokee, Florida I III II!



Owner Funeral Director




:?age Four The Everglades News- Canal Point, Florida "FLOOD CONTROL Edition

-- .

I Pertinent Facts From Engineers Report (On Flood Plan I IOn

May 12th. 13th. and 14th
the Sub-committee on Flood Con This is one-fifth of the area of the million tons of citrus fruits, true KISSIMMEE River. A shallow, the coast from south of Miam-
trol and Rivers and Harbors ot State of Florida contains one- I crops and sugar most of the fruit sluggish winding stream flowing Upon this narrow ridge seldom

the Senate Committee on Public third of its population and over I and truck crops in the winter slowly south about 200 miles loan more than five miles wide and generally -
Works heard testimony on S.2197, half of its property. Its maximum ,Willing frosts are extremely. rare from its headwaters at elevation less, are the large cities of
the Project for the Control of dimensions are approximately 100 II and are largely avoided by indue J 52 feet m. s. I. near Orlando to its southeast Florida. The drainage
Floods in Central and Southern miles east-west 240 miles nor*.!Si- air circulation and the presence o* mouth at Lake Okeechobee. Its canals from the Everglades and

Florida. The following paragraphs south. water in the soil and in nearby basin is. approximately 4.373: from Lake Okeechobee cut through
nunmanze the testimony offered TOPOGRAPHY. Except along II lakes ponds and ditches. square mues and is dotted with! this ridge into salt water. These
together with some pertinent facts the western rim of the northern SOILS. Over two million acres countless interconnecting lakes cities are subject to floods front
quoted from the report of the half the slopes are imperceptible are covered by rotted peat soils ponds and sloughs. The indefinite local intense rains hurricane induced -
Chief of Engineers. maximum slope being 0.02 feet pa':" from 12 inches to 15 feet thick usually divide on the east is about seventy high tides and overflows

SUMMARY. This project re- mile the usual slope 0.02 feet pr lying directly on a very por- feet above m. s. I.. that on the from the floods In the Everglades.
moves flood waters from the land mile. Usual maximum elevation ous limestone. With certain now west is a fairly well defined sandy UPPER ST. JOHNS RIVER.
and stores them, by a system of rarely exceeds 90 feet above m. s. routine corrective measures this ridge generally in excess of ninety Lying between the basin of the
I.. much of the area ia less than soil is extremely fertile net feet above m. s. L with occasiona'!
canals dikes, pumps, and reservoirs profit Kissimmee River on the west and
The project will protect life 30 feet above m. s. L Divides between ranging from $14.00 to $548.00 per elevations reaching above 150 feet. that of the salt Indian River on
basins flat wide,
stream are
and property, produce food and indeterminate. acre per winter. This muck soil Flood stages on the Kissimmee result the east the Upper St. Johns
and largely
conserve soil and water. Immediate swampy terrainare also shrinks badly when dry as in maximum discharge at River rises in a marshy area ard
execution Is necessary to protectlife Major Okeechobee features of the the Everglades shown by a subsidence in one placeof Lake Okeechobee of 25,000 cubic flows north to the St. Johns River.
and property. Production made Lake Kissimmee River the over six feet in twenty-five feet per second and the inundationof Its length is about 100 miles and
possible by execution will be a the the coastal years. A third characteristic of tie over 900 square miles of the its head waters are at elevation 22
vital contribution to national economy Upper St. Johns River outlets from soil is its liability when dry to take flat valley of the river. Naturally feet m. s. L The 3.000 square mil'
and Federal revenues. The ridge and the two the St. Lucie fire and burn down to the rock. most of the lakes and ponds are basin is generally quite similar to
project is not opposed by any Lake Okeechobee Caloosahatchee.: Details of The State of Florida appropriates also overfull at the same time. that of the Kissimmee full of interconnecting -
and the
group or organization in the state covered later. $75,00000 a year to fight fires in THE EVERGLADES. A saw- shallow ponds and
and is advocated by all political. these are figure quotedas the muck soils of the project area. grass covered body of peat and sloughs and is roughly 25 miles
business, and agriculture organIza- RAINFALL.rainfall"Any is misleading MAJOR PHYSICAL: FEA- rotted peat soils 100 miles nortr- east-west by 75 miles north-south
tions in the area. The project 12selfliquidating. : "average variations in annual TURf Hydrauhcly the projectarea south 40 miles east-west starting Although its western divide is
paying for itself in I around Lake Okeechobee and ex- about 70 feet above the sea. the
and monthly falls occur: A mini- is a complex of reversing:
from three to fifteen years. Money of 30 inches per year and i sluggish flows. The major elementsof tending to the south bordered on general direction of the basin is
returns on the total investmentwill mum this the east by the coastal ridge. Maximum roughly 24 feet m. s. l. Directionof
complex are described blow
of 136 inches per year -
always exceed 10 per cent per maximum 70 : elevation of soil is 17 feet drainage is indeterminate on
Moreover over
annum and may frequently exceed being recorded. I m. s. I. at Lake Okeechobee and the divides of this basin. Flood
40 per cent per annum.. per cent of the annual rainfall LAKE OKEECHOBEE. A shal- less than 6 feet m. s. L at the Tara- conditions in this basin result in
PROJECT AREA.There are five generally drops in from two to five low fresh water lake 730 squar lami Trail. It is cut by five mail sheets of water covering over
outstanding features of the area months. June through October. miles in area roughly circular in canals tending south and east 1.050.000 acres. Flood dischargeshave
involved: its large size its flat Much of this rain may fall in a I shape. Its surface varies between through the coastal ridge and by exceeded 14,400 cu. ft. per.
topography its variable rainfall. few days or weeks maximum .elevations 12.56 m. s. 1. and 1556 many secondary canals and dikes
its winter temperatures, and is rains of 6 inches in 10 minutes :m. s. I.. with 1,320,000 acre-feet Only in time of low water are the secST.. LUCH5 CANAL This caml
I and 21.9 inches in 24 hours having storage between. Its bottom at control these canals at
fertile soilst It is subject to both gates on is navigable by six foot draft vessels -
drought and flood, and has been been observed. Conversely there greatest depth is about at mean Lake Okeechobee opened. In time and is the principal outlet
but little developed because of have been as much as four months sea level. Principal tributary is the of flood on the Everglad. these from Lake Okeechobee. It is 337
these handicaps despite the fact I with less than 1 inch rain, and Kissimmee River. Principal outletsare canals feed water into the lake bv miles long and project dimensionsare
that it is an extremely large are I generally even the rainiest mont'swill the St. Lucie and Caloosa gravity and pumps. Thus the flood 8 feet deep at m. e. 1. with bot-
of most fertile soils in a subtropical have at least 12 days without hatchee, although control gates waters drained through the Ever- tom width 100 feet. A lock and
climate. rain. Evaporation rates are ex- also permit discharge (and inflow glades are due entirely to rains spillway are provided at Port
LOCATION AND SIZE. Th- tremely high and several times through the canals of the Everglades falling on the Glades. Mayaca at Lake Okeechobee ant

project area consists of 15,570 tave exceeded the annual rainfall drainage system The lake THE COASTAL RIDGE. Close! another at the lower end 8 mile
square miles located in the eastern by 10 inches or more. and its two main outlets are navigable to the mainland shore of the Atlantic southwest of Stuart. This lower
half of central and southern WINTER TEMPERATURES.With Hurricane dikes protect Ocean is a narrow ridge of structure will discharge 25,00-)
Florida. It contains 800.000 people, seldom more than two night populous shores from wind-waves limestone and sand dunes reaching cubic feet per second from tlw
and one and a half billion dollars of frost each ,,winter the project: which have caused over twenty- elevations above 13 feet m. s. I.. canal into the South Fork St.
of property at assessed values area produces annually over two three hundred deaths. and extending generally all along (continued on page 5)

- - -- -

West Palm Beach, Florida Telephone 5-111


u rdfne's Growing side by side

with South Florida '
Jbtsfa* fafaas .

Burdine's WholeheartedlyEndorse )

the Forthcoming


the Everglades Country



"FLOOD CONTROL" Edition Tas Everglades News Canal Point Florida Page One

i '
i iI
I '
We are following:the development of the overall flood control plan closely ; I

and are behind the plan without reserve. I !I

We are confident that the full cooperation of Federal authorities and local 1,1 I

. ,
: interests will bring success to this great enterprise. ,


I South Bay, FloridaManufacturers i I II '

j of



sugar produced and packaged in our plant from !

i sugar cane grown in the Everglades. !
I :
I i ii


I I '

i ii

i i I

--- _______ __ _ _ _ _ _n___________ _______ __ _ _ _
. J .



Vi-PresldentlnCharge Baltimore, Maryland
of Engineering and Construction
Vice-President in Charge of
Materials Production and Sales .
Vice-Prewdent in Charge of Dredging
New York and New England Areas
Vice-President in Charge of Distributors of
West Coast Operations

Assistant Secretary

I FRANK Assistant. A.Secretary ZAMI SKI \,p\ e Solicit:: Your Inquires and Will, Gladly Have Our


JAMES Assistant I.Treasurer O'KEEFE Engineers Investigate and Report on Any

Assistant Treasurer
Work You Contemplate


Arundel Building, In Charge of

Pier 2,Pratt St.Baltimore 2,Md. George A. Waldeck



Two The Everglades News Canal Point. Florida "FLOOD CONTROL" Edition
---- - -
Works Diligently For Flood Control

K A. 0. Greynolds Co., InC.

a PHONE 6912 P.O. BOX 331



I General ContractorsPLANT



N *! 71125th St., Comer Greenwood Ave.,


HON. SPESSARD L. HOLLAND, Florida's Junior
United States Senator has been an ardent supporter of Flor-
ida's Flood Control ever since inception of the plan. Duringthe West Palm Beach, Fla.
days that the Polk County Statesman served in the Flor-
ida State Senate he was ever alert to the needs of such a
plan. Th..n. when he was elevated by the citizenry to the
governorship he continued his efforts in behalf of such a I;
plan.Later as United States Senator Bartow's leading citizen I
has "gone down the line" in behalf of flood control.PmBeachDredgCo. . . . . .
,..r.... r.F. .FIJI""'''Fir'IJr'.J ,FIJI''"I "'"r.,FIJI''"r...

: D

I Dredging Channels, Canals and \\1 1I LII

I Yacht Basins Filling Land ::1 i j
. '
! and Building Islands l II'i II

S. T. MILLING. Owner P. O. BOX 205 I
PHONE 5017 Ii
Ii IiI i I. Y.ARNOLD. Pn"w..H. ARNOLD.,-.PIT Trww.
West Palm Beach, Florida i

Estimates Given On Any Job. Ii I: Arnold Construction Co.

Large Or SmallEmerson

Builders 7 Murray Bldg.

.- ..

Palm Beach, FloridaBuilders



!I U. S. GOVERNMENT AND of the Everglades Experimental Station

: MUNICIPAL SECURITIESFirst and the Agricultural and Livestock BuildingJust -

Completing Story Addition of The St.
National Bank Bldg
I : Marys Hospital, West Palm Beacht'$4
I A. T. & T. Teletype WP 97

I .
t ti i Phones 4194-4195
, 'I
i i Long Distance 12 III

ij i
i Palm Beach, Florida

i I IL

L -_-__-=-- _= .:____ _.__ I


'FLOOD CONTROL"Edition The Evergl cds NE.ws,Canal Point.Florida Pace Three
- - --------------------


I I j


'1'1 I I \II II IIII 1\'\


t I
'1 1. an obligation that modern !

i society owes its food pro-
De Xl. ducers . We can't control

Crystals' the weather,but we can con
trol floods.

I 'E ;i 1 i iI I

:::-. !
; Dixie !

; ::. CrystalCrystals I ;II
.... ', ,
ft- : PUR CANE I
'..;. IIe--. '. S .'. jl I
; :! '
I I ,".,'......' : ;,i.; I I'!i iI

I r w..-.:" ;" """.:>,.- '>...,.,...,,',.*',.,;.'!'{, ............1--.r..L1S-llT._..-..wr..-....,.TOO 1)1 1)1r )
I <";-.'\".. .f"''C$J.....,...."........._..>'t'MI .-,.-.\.....*,.,.J..Me....., s..w-....".,QIoI" I I.f I II
I :;' I Iii



.. I
It I t

All Raw Sugars Produced By The !I

United States Sugar Corporation ,I
Are Refined Into DIXIE CRYSTALS I!:

I \!:.

lI'I II II.I'l.
i t,

:: ::: .1
.. ....


age Four The Everglades News Canal Point. Florida "FLOOD CONTROL" Edition

Coast and the rich farm land southof I problem for local interests Scot local interests and landowners.
I Lake Okecchobee. said. A caucus of the Florida houseof
Gadgets To Measure Scott described the dikes spillways "No doubt many of you" he told representatives at Tampa thlS-
pumps and other works the lawyers "will be called upon to summer asked for appointment of
I planned to guard against drought offer advice and give services on a committee to draft bills so the
as well as Hoods in the 15.000 how to obtain the local contribu- ,1949 legislature can do what is
square miles from Orlando to Flor- tion." 'necessary to start work on the
Hurricane's SpeedsGadgets ida City. Future progress of the project. ,flood control project. Miami.
The speaker noted that Congresslast h-e said will depend equally on appropriations :Herald.
June authorized-without aa from Congress and on .. .
-- appropriation a $16,300,000 fed- prompt action by local intereststo I
in Lake Okeechobeewill I possible hurricane tides on the lake eral fund to start the work. The do their part. Early Florida settlers located on
go to work to chart the and prove the adequacy of the existing act requires local interests to put Scott expressed confidence the East Coast. They camped on
-power of any hurricane that may I levees." up $3.700.000 for a total of f20- that "every problem connected the Coastal Ridge between th
come along. Army Engineers built the levee 000,000. with this plan can be worked out I I Swamp-the Everglades- and the
They will keep a record of bow I after hurricanes in 1826 and 1928 Raising the local share is a by co-operation among legislators Atlantic Ocean.
fast the wind Mows, the kind of washed water from Lake Okeechobee -
waves it lashes up and how much over the low south run, drown- ----
the lake level is raised by hurricane ing 2,800 persons.
rains. Better control of the lake is partof
Work being done on the hurri- the Army Engineers' $208,000000 ,-
cane recording stations in the big project for flood control in
lake was described recently by Central and South Florida.
Harold A. Scott of the Jacksonville Scott came to Miami to explainthis
office of the Army Engineers.He project to the Dade County
said Col. Willis E. Teale. district Bar association.! About 200 members -
engineer had announced that I and guests heard his talk at Southern Dairies
the first of the stations would be, a luncheon Monday at the Columbus -
completed and Inspected Thursdayby hoteLOtJTLET
Washington officials of the WORK DONE
Army Engineers and the Weather j He told of work now being done
Bureau. with a $1.600.000 federal fund to 901 Okeechobee Road
Four of the devices will be widen and deepen the St. Luci
mounted on Coast Guard light canal. It runs from Lake Okeecho-
towers dotting the lake. A fifth bee to Stuart. Scott explained how West Palm Beach Florida
will be built In the center of the this work and improvements to ,
lake. the Caloosahatchee river running
MEASURE SURFACE from the lake to Fort Myers will
"They will record actual surface let more water from the lake run Phone 4188
conditions of the lake during a cut faster in wet seasons.
hurricane." Scott explained. The lawyers also hear how ne-"
"From these records we hope tot levees will wall out flood waters
able to predict the maxinncc from the cities along the East

--- --- -- I I
---- - -


Judge :Florida Hospitality

By These Fine HotelsWEST i Ii

.1 Sealtest Ice Cream And


II I Milk Products



The George WashingtonPride I YJrr

- - - -
Of West Palm Beach .
--- - -- - -
Open All Year i I
i iI
I ,

The Pennsylvania I II I

i ii
I Social and Civic Center of the I; i t

Palm Beaches-Dec. 15-April !I II' II II I I ;I :{, !J

i I


i The George Washington ;il; Compliments. Of

I Shaw BrothersOil
; Wonder Hotel Of The South :i'I i

'II I Company

i The Mayflower ::1

: l00 Air Conditioned :
''I I

The Jefferson !


il ;
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II ;


I i I

___ ... __ ____ __ __ _ .
---- -- --- ---- ---
--- - ----- -

CONTROL Edition The Everglades Ntwa, Canal Point, Florida Page Five

---- -- -------- --------
Pertinent Facts- ent operations by reason of elimInation A
of at least 8250000.00 an-
nual flood damages. Without returns
(continued from page 4)) from the 1947 and 1948 tax
Lucie River, an of the At-
estuary ;years upon which to base this
lantic Ocean. Some 16 spillways figure, it is estimated as follows:
enter the canal from the lands ly- Minimum loss in 1947 was $60.000.-
ing between Port Mayaca and the 000.00 of which 33 percent ($20- 0a
lower lock, with a total capacity 000,000.00), would have been collected -
of 19.951 cubic feet per second. as Federal taxes. Since this.
The present spillway from Lak or worse floods recur on a 6 year P. C. Lissenden Co. Inc.
Okeechobee into the St. Lucre, average, on an annual basis th-i
Canal has discharged 8,100 cub:: Federal Treasury loses $3.330- ,
feet per second in time of flood. 000.00 as a minimum.b. .
CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER. Increased returns by reason of
This outlet from Lake Okeechobej increased population development -' P. O. Box 83 Phone 8878
into the Gulf of Mexico is 52 miles and production. This estimate is
long, and navigable for 6 foot based on present (1946) Federal 0
drafts and has discharged 4.900 Income from the area o fabo.it
cubic feet per second from the 204000000.00 annually. An increase and
. lake.FLOOD of 20 percent in this amount Engineers
DAMAGES. The Chiefof (41600000.00 is more than
Engineers estimates that, on an probable under partial development I
annual basis these recurring of the area after protectionis
floods cost 11564000.00 a year. provided. Building
He estimates the flood of September Thus, to the $24,573,000.00 direct -
and October 1947 to have caus- annual benefits, should be
ed more than 59000000.00 in
added 45000000.00 annual increased -
damages. This derive West Palm Beach Florida
figure was Federal x atrevenues, or a ,
in November 1947 before the con- total of approximately $69,000-
tinuing effect of that flood could 000.00 annual returns on an ex-
be evaluated. On a conservative penditure of 208135000.00 fir
basis actual damages will exceed construction and 3703000.00 an-
$90,000,000.00. These loss figuresdo nually for maintenance and opera-
not take into account an actual tion. The total charges on these
loss of revenue to the Federal expenditures is computed to be
Government which will be ap- just under 1200000000. Accord- BUILDERS OF:
parent in the tax returns from this ingly the ratio of benefits to costs
whole end of the state. The personal is 69 to 12 5.75
or to 1.
income tax paid by individuals . Walgreen Dnig Store Three Sisters Norman'sCarlton !
in this area for tax year 1946 was
more than 11500000000. This Two-Party System
Hotel Palm Beach
does not include corporation taxes, ,
nor those on gasoline, amusement, Urged For FloridaTAMPA

transportation, luxuries tobacco, I
and liquor. With this 90000000.00 Speaking before tV'
loss at the end of 1947 and the Tampa Junior Chamber of Com-
start of 1948. the individuals who merce last week. outstanding
paid 115000000.00 in income spokesmen for the state's Democratic -
taxes in 1946 were hard hit and and Republican parties concurred -
this will result in a major decreasein I in the thought that a
income taxes collected from this strong and active two-party
area next year. In addition to i system in Florida would be a fine
losses in farming operations many :thing for the state and make fo- -- -------- --- -- -- -- -- - - - -._ .--.---- ---
towns, and cities had their business greater progress and prosperity. .
areas under water for several i The speakers were former Governor ,,
weeks. Doyle E. Carlton and a dele- I
; :
SUMMARY OF BENEFITS.The I gate to the Democratic National !; I II
Convention, and Alexander Ake- I II
Chief of
Engineers estimates a I
minimal direct annual benefit of I man. Jr. Orlando attorney an.'! I I!
24573000.00 from this project leader among Republicans in the I I
The Treasury of the United States state. .I
will also realize increased revenue I Urging reforms in political con- $ :
from the project area in two ways: vention procedure and party policy
a. Increased returns from and principle. Carlton declared
pres- :
that a bipartisan state would
Coastal Truck and
the bring public.better qualified men before ; :,

Akerman maintained. *that aa
long as newspapers are able to

Herman. print the phrase "Democratic nom- Co. ; ;
ination is equivalent to election." Equipment

Florida will never reach its potential .
political strength. ,
Co. Evidence that the public is grad-
Sausage ually awakening to this fact is
shown in the strong race for congress -
run at the last election oy ;
Tampa Fla. M. J. Moos of Orlando, who car- I i I
: .
ried Orange county against Je I .I II
Hendricks but lost out in the over-

all district vote. I SALFS PARTS SERVICE j 1 !

----- -
- - i :

: I


I i

Serving Gas To The TRACTORS and ENGINE UNITS : .



" " " " " "


I Belle Glade and

West Palm Beach

Florida Public 2821 SOUTH DIXIE'FLOOD

Utilities CompanyWest

Palm Beach. Fla.

Page Six The Everglades News, Canal Point, Florida "FLOOD CONTROL EditicuI

____ ___ __ _u__
TIME WILL TELLThe this subtropical land cannot de- SELF INTERESTOne
Legislature Must ActWEST velop and prosper in an assured

orderly fashion. well known Contractor recently -.
annual rainy season is due. .. .
blurted out: "To Hell with
Will Florida be flooded this
------------------------------ again
i The real battle to reclaim the the Farmer. He knows nothing
PALM: BEACH Actio7by year? That depends entirely on
the state legislature next April how much rain falls. This thriving Everglades began in 1907. Many about Flood ControL We should
Progress DependsOn
with the Over-all Plan and
Trill be the second step toward peninsula will be at the mercy of dredges were put to work cutting proceed
flood control in Florida. floods and droughts as long as it sixteen canals across the Glades ignore the Farmers.
Lamar Johnson chief engineer= Competence In remains without scientific water to the ocean. As a result the price Many Farmers know more about
of land in the Glades fro" the simple Truth of Flood Con-
of the Everglades Drainage District controL That means a vast systemof jumped
explained what must be done Water Control PlanOne levees pumps canals and other 25 cents an Acre to $15 and upwards trol than this Contractor will ever
know. What he most wants is the
to get started on the 208000.00) works to get rid of flood waters to $200 an acre.
chance to bid Flood Control
.. on
Florida flood control program. and store water for dry periods.
Contracts and to that
as a means
Setting up state agencies to co of the things upon which Seldom have Floridains been so In 1909 there were only about a
end has become of the
operate with the federal government progress depends is competence.Those united in a public question as they dozen Landowners in the Ever- for certain
Charley McCarthys a
in carrying out the plan is are for this protection against gladse. By 1911 there were over
things which are competently group who are out for the Over-
floods and droughts. Without it. 15000.
a Job facing the 1949 legislature.
done always work out. Thus all Plan.I .
Johnson said.Another .
compentence is sought in advanceof - - - .
is deciding just how to - -- -
collect the taxes to pay local in- venture effort. Nowhere in the
terests' share of the cost. This world will more competence b;
has been set at $38,000,000 of the found than in the Glades farming

total-about 30000.000 cash and areas.
the rest in rights-of-way and other Whatever is wisely spent ti
services. Local costs would be fortify the Glades land will oe

spread over the 10-year construc- amply protected by Glades produc-
tion period Johnson explained. tion. That basic fact seems at last ,
Johnson called the plan finan- to have become apparent in im-

cially sound. portant quarters
He estimated it would give th o! Next we have indisputable evi-
federal government an additional dence of the competence which

$40,000,000 a year in tax revenues. will produce. Farmers large and
This would pay off the govern- email have rebounded from the de-
ment's entire capital cost in less vastating floods of a few months
than five years. .ago. Cattle lands are verdant
The' 15.570-square-mile: area af- again water levels are of course
fected with its population of lower. Dykes have been rebuilt.
800,000 now pays the federal There is every reason to believe
government $204.000,000 a year that next growing season wall
in taxes. Johnson said. reach huge production figures.
He said Army engineers estimate But all the misery and loss could
that after the project has and should have been avoided.
been put in full operation the The' ravages of Florida's hur-
area will benefit by $24,000,000 a ricane season are well known.
year. At that rate the engineer There is nothing about them which
said the state's part of the initial cannot be defended against. The
cost would be returned within two huge dyke around the lake has
years. already proven that insofar as the: I-
Upkeep and operation costs have lake itself is concerned. Like treat-
been estimated at $3,000,000 a ment for the entire area is perfectly 1
year. feasible. It will pay its own

-- way.We
Everglades Floods since 1900. have infinite pride in the
have resulted in the death of more people of the Glades and the great .
than 2,000 men. women and child- work they do. Theirs is courage, t
ren. Efforts of the past 50 yearsto energy vision and competencerolled .
tame the Everglades have destroyed into one. That makes somE- I
natural assets estimatedat thing which cannot be suppressed
50000000. forever. It must not be.
Flood control is a project directed -
to development of natural
resources but it is more than that.
It is a preservation of (hose re
A. BentonConstiuction
sources. It must be pressed to
completion. We feel that it will be.
Co. In no other way can the dictatesof
sound judgement find expres:
301 20th Street South sion.-Palm Beach Times. NOCATEEMANATEE.CRATE

Phone 72247St. . .

Petrrftburg. Florida

Land Clearing Excavating "
has taken nine months to get
Hauling (Dump Truck) from Congress an appropriationof COMPANYNOCATEE

Oyster Shell Driveways $16.300,000. which is contingent -
on the State of Florida put-
Rbad Construction Paving ting up $3,700,000, to make the

Parking Areas Total Twenty Million. FLORIDA
Nothing more can be done until ,
- Dragline or Crane Work -- April 1949 when the State Legislature -

Bulldozer Work will engage in another
battle -and a battle it will be--
to decide whether or not to make
Call Upon Us For Estimatesor
the added and necessary appro-
We Can Furnish Equip priation.It .

ment and Operators By is to be expected that the
the Hour portion of the State not directly
affected by Flood and Drainage
- --
--- will oppose the measure.

-- -
i iI


i Agricultural I II Insecticide GK, Inc. i

Complete Line Of !
: 11

I+ Insecticides Fungicides and Fertilizers ;1

: feeds.: Pipe Fittings Portable Irrigation I,

I Equipment, Self Priming Pumps, Briggs and i iII

II p Stratton Motors Planet Jr. Garden Tools, l

i II Wire Fence and Box Nails ::



: II

_e. ..


:"FLOOD CONTROL" Edition The Everglades News Canal Point Florida Page Sevo J

I lawmakers Hold Key To f

Florida Flood Control PlanWork ,

is starting early, fora The flood control project reaches
change, on a big problem facing into 18 Florida counties. The fed-
the next state legislature. It is eral government will want to do
flood control. business with a single agency em-
The 1949 Legislature can speed powered to give all the "local cooperation
the end of Florida's flood trpubles. ." financial and otherwise -
Otherwise, nothing effective can required by Congress as i
be done for it for at least two condition of federal aid.
years more. What agency shall it be? Shall
Here's why action is needed of It be some existing department or
the senators and representativeswho board with powers enlarged by II
will meet in Tallahassee next the legislature to do the job Shalla
April: new agency be created to rep- MsusR.edCO s
Congress only recently approvedthe resent the 15,000 square miles in
Army Engineers' $208,000,000 18 counties affected by the pro-
plan for flood control in Central ject
and South Florida authorizing How shall the money be raised H
first work to cost 20000000. This for the local share of the cost?
will be paid with $16,300,000 in These are questions only the
federal money plus $3,700,000 in state legislature can decide. Many
local money. talks will be necessary among engineers t

No federal appropriation has yet lawyers tax experts ai-1
been made. The "authorization"put spokesmen for affected interests.
the project in line for an ap Decisions will have to be wnttea
propriation. But this gives little into a bill or bills drawn to stand : I
comfort to farmers cattlemen and up in court in case they should betaken
householders who were flooded there. It
last year and could be flooded Less than nine months from today I Ii
again before protective works arj the legislature will meet. Too II i
built. often such vital and complex prob- I
Florida will have a chance to lems are left until the last minute -
: I
press for an appropriation when I then swamped in the whirlpool I
Congress meets in January. of the 60-day session.
Suppose Congress next year One-third of the state's population
votes the $16,300,000 for the firs lives in the 15,000 square
phase of the project. No work miles covered by this flood con-
could be done until Floridians put trol project. These Floridian, 1
up the $3,700.000 required as local especially will applaud the fore-
contribution.More sight of legislators who are starting ,
than money is needed of work Now to be ready for 1 1i I
the 1949 legislature. action next April.-Miami Herald.I I

I j

Conservation Areas -

Nucleus Of Plan

About 100,000 acres In -Dade glades would be impounded in this I

Broward and Palm Beach counties conservation area to prevent floods
and assure a supply in dry times.
have been formally dedicated fo: .
use in curing floods and droughts. I
Ad Group Plans
The big between area in the the coastline open Everglades and Tally On Plants Hector Supply Company

Lake Okeechobee became the nucleus -
of an immense water con-
servation area proposed by Army inventory of industrial plants in
engineers as the keystone of flood Florida that are for rent or sale Crate Materials-Fruit WrapsMain

control. Is being planned by the Florida
The 100,000 were owned by
acres State Advertising Commission.It .
the Everglades Drainage District.
which covers most of Southeast will provide an additional ser Office
Florida. Commissioners of the district vice to the many manufacturer?
meeting in West Palm who arc now looking to Florida for
Beach adopted three resolutions new plant locations, said Roy C. Miami Florida
dedicating the land to public use. Beckman. state advertising director ,
W. Dewey Hilsbeck chairman in announcing the program tc-
said he considered the move "thi
first step toward the biggest thing day.The Commission's Research Di- .
Florida has ever had a chance of vision has prepared a questionnai.e
getting-the $208.000.000 federal requesting' information on the size,
flood control project." construction details fire protection -
"We pray that no obstructionist transportation facilities and
will get In the way of It." Hilaa- other essential features of available -
beck added. buildings. Persona who have
Hilsabeck said 80 per cent of Industrail property that they Paper Crates Hampers Nails
the 600.000 acres In the conservation -: would like to list can obtain copies
area Is publicly owned. Th:: of the questionnaire from any
Insecticides Fertilizer Seed
three counties and the state in-II board of realtors or chamber of I -
ternal Improvement board own commerce in Florida or from the
about 380,000 acres In addition to Florida State Advertising Commis : Hay Grain FeedWAREHOUSES
the 100,000 dedicated recently by Mon Tallahassee.A .
the Everglades Drainage District. summary of the information
Voter of Dade. Broward and on each plant that has been listed
Palm Beach counties. In elections will be prepared by the Advertising
last fall approved creation of the Commission about August I, 4 '5
three water conservation areas according to Beckman. The list
The Army engineers' plan calls will be distributed to persons wh
for enlarging them linking theM request information on industrial
together and surrounding all three locations and will also be sent to
pools with massive dikes. I I transportation and utility company :
All excess water in th Eever- I industrial agents and consultin

_.. engineers who specialize in plant West Palm Beach
location work.Industrial .
. _.. -.- i
surveys that give information Ft. Lauderdale
on the facilities and resources -
of 100 Florida communities -
Belle Glade
ComplimentsOf hag ealready been prepared by
the Commission
--a fc HomesteadMiami

"In my opinion" declared *.
Florida Governor in 1911. "toj
many Canals cannot be cut from
the Enr&1&dthe Atlantic Ocean
Shawnee Farms or the Gulf of Mexico. Every
little natural outlet ought to be
extended into the Glades as soon:
as our financial rwwurces are in a
condition to permit."


Page Eight The Everglades News Canal Point, Florida "FLOOD CONTROL Edition



I I Ii .

I i I j


I, I

i iI iI
ii I
i 1I

4r 1w 1I w i I I

I '

: Latham Bros. Construction Co. \f


West Palm'Beach, Fla.

i I
Jacksonville Attorney Fuller Warren will be governor of i I.I
Florida after the first of the year and he has promised full 1 :
co-operation in carrying out the flood control plan for South 1 1FIOllda. i! :
The governor-nominee: is of the opinion that the "
hanuful of counties in South Florida directly affected by ,..I I 'r

floods cannot shoulder the burden of matching federal funds. ; I II I

He believes that the legislature should take action on the ,I ,.
matter. To that end he has asked the legislators of the South :

Florida counties to inaugurate a plan which can be brought
before the 1949 session of the state legislature and successfully
passe i iI
I iI'

Colonial Offices Considerable research and study I
went into Security Trust's Wil- I
For Trust Company iamsburg suite. Miller and Hopkinj !

called in Benson F. Tigner nationally I --
MIAMI-Add to Florida's seem- known decorator to do the
ingly endless list of attractions: a interiors and the offices are tastefully ,
showplace suite of business offices furnished in Chippendale
which do not look like business offices Sheraton and Hepplewhite. Addi-
but like colonial Williams- I
tional working space has been: provided -
burg: Interiors. I for the Security Trust staff.
The unique offices probably unequalled -I The colonial suite consists of the
in the South for beauty entrance foyer reception room
conference library and three executive -
wree completed this month by Security I
Trust Company of Floridain offices. Each of the execu- WEST PALM BEACH ij i
Miami's Shoreland Building. tive offices has been done in a ij
. traditional Williamsburg color.
From the white wooden
Georgian Security Trust is a Florida In- j WEST PALM BEACH FLORIDA I
pediment over the entrance to, the
stitution dedicated to handling personal -
goose quill pen on President OscarF. ORGANIZED 1929 I
estates and
serves as executor -
Miller's desk everything is an trustee and administrator. Affiliated with the Atlantic National Bank of Jacksonville ;
original or a faithful handmade 6_.
reproduction from colonial Will- j STATEMENT OF CONDITION AS OF I
iamsburg. which has become a The part that Florida Airways r
symbol of the finest in architecture plays in relaying mail in Florida JUNE 30,1948 1 1i
furnishings and living. has become very important. Mail COMPTROLLER'S CALL I
The idea of reproducing a colon- pounds in April 1947 totaled 9,134 i
ial setting for business offices was while a year later the amount RESOURCESLoans I

hatched by Lindsey Hopkins. Jr.. a I climbed to 14,936 pounds. 1 and Discount" .. .. .. $ 4,502,401.73
-------- ------ I
member of the Trust --
Security : Overdrafts -_ ._...____________ 136.24 .
Board. It has fermented in his The Annual Fall Meeting of thr:
in will b Banking Hoe Furniture and Fi-tu'es .......___ 295084.17 I
mind since college days Virginia I Florida Press Association :
when he was considering architecture held at Mount Dora it was announced Federal Reserv Bank Stock -.------...-- 25500.00 I
as a profession. Hopkins believes II this week by ,president Other Resources ______..____ ____-___ 19415.47
the Williamsburg atmosphere I Loyal Frisbie. Dates for the meet- U. S. Government Oblig tions __.__$18,216,100.98Other i

unequalled for charm and ing were announced as November Mnrketab'e Bonds ?_........._.__. 455.342.13 '
character. I 26. 27, and 29. Cash auf Due From Banks;: ..__._.__.... 5323969.23 23,995,412.34:

--- TOTAL .___._.___.__.....____ $28,837,949.93:

Stock ___..__ _..... _....__ ___. $ 200.000.00 I
Surplus .._. ___.___ .._._-_.............-....-..--.- 700.000.00 !

Undivided Profits -.....__......... .....___........._......___.._ 119456.09: ;
IMKEMATERIALS I Reserve:: ....._._._.... _____.._..._.._.._..__ 207,623.60, I
II Ii Iii Deposits i .... .______.____ __.__.....__..__. ._u_..__._._.._ 27,610.870.26

i CORP. TOTAL __......___. ._._._.-_.'- $28,83- 7.)- .95: :

j I.I I.
i Chairman of the Board President \Vr Pimldmt

I Pre>io>nt (fishier Aotfotant Owtlitrr!
I if A
: *- PIT. & Trmt Officer A_t. Trust tfticer
I'I'I I'i '


Packer and Shipper Prr CVaiy Bro*. AttorneyLOREN .
I t>. O. Drawer 231 Phone Sir !I Canal Point. Florida Con.trortioa Co. _
I I ,.1I'\ Chairman of the Dosed President Altar Attorney I
705 Railroad Avenue The Atlantic_ImoII,1JW National Bank Cttawmj (..

P\ P"-1 Palm Bfl Hi

West Palm Beach, Florida Member of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation .:


CONTROL" Edition The Everglades News Canal Point Florida Page Firs

I Florida Seen As Great Farm State, Despite Obstacles i I IThe

February issue of Fortuna reached fever pitch through World Later the flat fields -
magazine carries a comprehensive War I and represents the single Some Tough Battles Lie Ahead If I
article about Florida which will spread out to beans and celery and /
most melodramatic example cl Water Control Plan Is To
be the subject of wide discussion. potatoes and cabbages and pep- Develop
soil destruction in the IT. S.
Because The Everglades News be- pers.
natural Lake Florida isn't accustomed to ida's flood and water conservation
lieves Floridians want to know In state Okeechobee But misgivings had long before
and the dozens of smaller lakes getting large grants from the which should
what the rest of the nation la reading -.. set in. The canals were inadequateto program gain world-
about us, this article is repu and springs above it formed a gigantic federal government. Sen. Pepper wide attention for its advanced
lished: reservoir for the heavy carry off the waters in flood worked for years for the
rains, spilling water south over the and carried them off too fast in cross-state canal and the nation planning ia given the green light
In the muck lands to the south
in floodtime it was given Passamaquoddy in Senator Holland aided by his
black as carbon black grow the glades seeping drought. In 1926, Florida's greatest
and down through the soil in drought hurricane whipped Lake Okeechobee Maine instead. There has neve colleagues, is in position to bring
most speculative
and acting as a great climatic balance over its southern banks ana been proper development of the this about. It will be a hard
vegetables in the world "splitaecond" -
winter crops that depend for the state. For nearly a drowned over 1500 people on the intra-coastal waterways, or Florida's fight. It will take tough talk

for their economics on beating century the draining of these spill new land below. Dikes were built harbors. some desk pounding continuous
California to northern markets by lands was the persistent dream of around the southern rim to cut But all should be forgiven at i planning concerted action to getit
two weeks. invading land sharks real-estate Okeechobee off from its natural slow-moving Washington if Flor- done.

The weather can make of break promoters and their loud poI outlet. The cycle of droughts --- .-------------------

them in six weeks. Upon this ticians. Brushing aside the warn- thereupon lengthened in the Glades By 1926 about 435 miles of main NEW DIKE BUILTThe
shifty ground Florida has built an ings of engineers and agronomists and tillers turned from drainageto canals had been dredged at a cost

agronomy that last year broughtin they finally drove through their irrigation. of nearly fifteen millions of dollars. 1926 and 1928 hurricanes
upwards of $400 minion chiefly drainage canals. Every year the soft soil sank Sixteen locks cost two million
in citrus garden truck and beef And. at first there was uncovered lower under cultivation, dropping more. And yet in 1948, Florida is i played havoc. The fury of both
cattle. .wealth beyond their dreams. as much as seven feet in badly unable to proceed with Flood Con storms overflowed the southern

The greatest is citrus which in Land jumped from 25 cents to cultivated areas. And every yea-, trol without assistance from na- banks of Lake Okeechobee and
$200 an acre and beyond. Below I the level
as of warm shallow tional
1946-47 bad a peak $175,000.000 government.The drowned over 1500 persons in 192S
was a black humusbuilt up by I Ii water fell in the Glades, quick- .
crop and this year with typical in the Lake Harbor area. The Fed-
precipitousness. is sick with a i centuries of rotting vegetation" biting frosts moved farther south Everglades will never b?
sickness that mocks the malnutrition twelve feet deep in spots whici'ormed and the salt sea came creeping in. tamed until both irrigation and eral government came to the res-

: of the world: citrus 's one of the richest organic penetrating and killing coastal drainage have become a reality. cue and built a Levee 68 miles
struggling with an unprofitable soils in the world. In the 1926 land i crops. By 1945 the salt had moved I Floods come in summer; droughts long around the southern rim of
craze, below Miami people planted into the well fields under Miami i
surplus.In in winter. Vegetables can only be the lake which was a splendid
Florida the malady begins tomatoes until the bubble bUrst and threatened other coastal cities. grown in the Everglades in winter. piece of engineering.

with the fact that in 15 years ..
citrus has tripled production. O'd
trees have a natural increase but.
in addition to that soil scientist'
have made them double their yield
per acre over the last ten years
by the addition of small traces of

manganese, magnesium, zinc and
to Florida's metal-deficient
copper soil.High Sad Ce. late Carer. s : S M.cl Sce.ic e..tY S Mai Tr.rel Easr
OPA prices and bottomless
war markets induced more plant-
ing, and shifted half the crop into

canneries.The r
first crackup appeared last

spring, when a huge surplus of x
canned fruit puices fell on the
market. Trouble had been brewing
since 1946-47. when a tremendous
crop of 100,000 boxes began to roll r

that winter nipped the

crop to 85000.000 boxes, while
citrus growers prayed it would nip ...

more. But another big crop in citrus this : '.... ......._... .. .. .S
year along with a dip
sales due to inflationary food i r
Svch \\ Ir
prices broke the market. The Flor- .
ida Citrus Commission hastened i<_>
f ConvenieBtSchedules
Washington to see If the Marshall

plan wouldn't help get rid of its i it..j
surplus by including citrus in food I'
shipments to Europe.
Without that, much of the fruit
will rot and many groves will havea l .j

bad year. The industry is hastening :
to develop wartime concent-

rates, jellies beverages, new pro
ducts and byproducts. And there is t t .-'!,
talk of voluntary crop control, it
which Florida's numerous independent !

divided small growers, t-t1 1 !
unlike California's big-scale operators t I ; : :,

have always balked. .... -\ ,
But Florida's citrus faces con- i
\ ":r. ;;"' ;-
tinuing surpluses! and may havo
bout reached its ultimate growth.
The mucklands where floods 0'j 7
late last year did an estimated :- y

9100.000.000 damage to winter :

truck are another distress story. .
But it is a story involving the
basic and complex fabric of Flor-
ida's economy past and future. -
Florida's earth has been harsh youGREYHOUND 10 II"

ly used swept by periodic waves
of destructive maddness. some ot
uncomfortably recent origin. Below
Okeechobec once stretched a
jungle of live oak. pine custard
apple and great ferns where now

stretches one of the world's flat For full measure of pleasure when you travel consider Greyhound' deeps.r
test beaten plains. cushioned comfort, convenient departures and scenic nation wide routes . *'
Here the last great stands of especially since they're your for dollar-stretching fare '
cypress have been cut back ta
inaccessible IM"ampsbere it 13
uneconomic to drag them out; the
slash pine is still bring devoured
many times faster than it is being
replaced. Over all. year after year ( GREYHOUND TRAVEL SERVilE \

raged the cattlemen's grass fires. 2 Let oar tour expert plan a wonderful \

wet on the open range to force j low c tll-expente trip for you. Call us 1f

tender spring foraging burning today! K. txtr charge for this service.GREYHOUND .
out soil and second-growth timb r.
Late" in the nineties came the bird
killers slaughtering egrets by th- *
thousands for their plumes white
ibis, for fQan..! birds of ever?
variety for the mere slaughtering1. -

Greater than aU these, however, Phone 3921 Canal PointC'FLOOD
in change and violence was the
draining Everglades, which. -



Page Six The Everglades News Canal Point. Florida "FLOOD CONTROLS Edition

I 80th Congress OKs Flood Control ProgramWASHINGTON


'session The second Holland himself points out that projects for the whole nation., entire cost of this project with the this money has been earmarkedfor
of the 80th Congressgave the task would have been impossible With Republicans in charge it, exception of the righta-of-way already use in Florida and is now
its stamp of approval to without the cooperation :)tall took tough fighting to win ap acquired. Appropriations for available.
a host of Florida flood control the other members of the Florida proval. However Senator Holland! this project were secured in a supplemental The State's share of the fund is
and waterways projects thus Congressional delegation. He in what has been termed "the fightof I appropriations bill several to be used to reconstruct flood
promising the State history-mak gives much credit to the local in- his life" succeeded in winningthe i weeks ago. A special Presidential control structures damaged in last
ing progress. terests and local units of govern- approval of House members of I report recommended that fall's flood. It will be spent on the
Biggest item on the list of flood ment in the state who did much of the Conference Committee for the! Congress appropriate these funds most important installations need-
control measures bagged for the the spadework on the projects. Florida program. Both Houses The Army's Civil Function Ap- ing repair. Use of the fund will be. .
Sunshine state was authorizationof And finally he gives a graciousnod adopted the conferees' report. propraition Bin also carried sev- determined by the District Army
$16,300,000 for use on the first to the Republican organization Despite his success in securing eral large Florida items. The larg- Engineer who will work with pri-
phase of the comprehensive $208- in the State for their work on flood control legislation Senato est of these was $3,000,000 for the vate and public interests in repairing -
000,000 flood control program tor behalf of the measure passed. Holland has not yet been able to work on the Jim Woodruff Dam damaged structures.
South Florida. Congressional ap- After all of the credit is divided halt the flood of congratulatoryletters and locks at Chattahoocbee. .Thi Senator Holland also had a hand
proval was given the entire first out. however, there must still bea complimenting him on his I House version of the bill providedfor in introducing three other bills
phase of this program which is star performer. In this case it efforts in winning approval of the a $2,000,000 appropriation. The providing disster relief. The Congress -
estimated to cost 70000000. An- ia Senator Holland. The Florida comprehensive program.The Senate upped this to $5,000,000. I: finally agreed on an amend-
other authorization Included $80- Senator with masterful techniquewas Army Engineers are prepare was cut to $3,000.000 by an Appropriation ment to-the second deficiency appropriation
000 for harbor improvement on St. appointed to strategic com- ing data on the amount of money Conference Committee.The bill providing $500,000
Andrews Bay at Panama City. mittees and subcommittees that and lands that must be furnished Senate which later won for this purpose. One of the bills
These authorizations lay the handled the comprehensive flood by the state and local governmentsin House approval. Other items pro- had called for $30,000.000 for sucha
groundwork for next year's fight control program. getting the first phase of th? vided for a half-million dollar ap- fund.
for appropriations for these pro- Early this year Holland was program underway. This data propriation for improvement of Included in the same bill with.
jects. named to the Senate Public Works will be sent to state and local of- Tampa Harbor; a $378.400 appropriation the comprehensive Florida program
The Congress proved its interestin Committee which handles the riv- ficials to aid them in working outa for harbor improvement was a provision authorizing
flood control and waterway ers and harbors and flood control plan for securing their share of at St. Joseph's Bay; $225,000 for $25,000,000 to be used for emergency -
measures for Florida by passing legislation. He was named a mem- the first $20,000,000 to be spent on work along the upper St. Johns flood control repair all over
appropriations to be used in Florida ber of the rivers and harbors ani: the program. State and local interests -I River near Sanford; and $800.000 the nation. This is the largest item
during the coming fiscal year. flood control subcommittee at the must furnish $3,700,000 ;*> for improvement on the lower S... ever carried in a public works bil.
and land. Johns from Jacksonville to the Senator Holland also obtaine
This sum will be spent on some very time the Florida measure was money I
few of which The first of the ocean. Congressional approval for changes
seven projects a are being studied. After he had won phase giant pro-
already under way. over the Senate Public Works gram is to be the construction of I In addition to funds approvedfor in the plans of the Inland Water-
While credit for favorable Con- Committee for the giant Florida the principal structures required! these projects, the Civil Functions way in the viciniyt of Venice. The
gressional action on all these projects project he was appointed a mem- for protection of the East Coast! bill also provided for $3.000- Florida Senator obtained this
is shared by a great many ber of the House-Senate Confer- area and the principal works i 000 to be used by the Army En- amendment to the Public Work
people, much of it must go to the ence Committee to iron out.differ- necessary to control lake levels: gineers on emergency flood con- bill on the floor of the Senate. No
solid teamwork of the Florida del- ences between the two bodies on and reduce flood damage in the im-I trol work and for the repair of additional funds were needed for
egation in Congress led by Senator the Omnibus Flood Control Bill. proved area south and east of Lake damaged flood control structures.The this change, which routes the
Spessard L. Holland a member of Senate hearings on the Florida Okeechobee.In Army Engineers have advise waterway so as to avoid cutting
Senator Holland that $600,000 of I I I through the town of Venice.
the Senate Public Works Com-
authorization were held only a few reality the initial work on tae
mittee. It was Holland who often weeks previous to the final conference program is already under way.
organized the presentation of testimony meeting, and House mem- This conssts of widening and
before Committees, and bers had had little information on deepening the St. Lucie Canal
with near-perfect timing brougntthe the proposed project. The $16.- from Lake Okeechobee to th
measures safely through the 300,000 authorization was the big- ocean at a cost of $1,600.000. Tte
legislative maze. gest single item on the list of new Federal Government is footing the
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FLOOD CONTROL" Edition The Everglades News;Canal Point Florida Page SevoJ

I I Glades Is An Indispensable Asset In Essential m Program I IEditorial '

--------- -
( from Palm Beach tect investments running into bil-
Times) lions and billions of dollars, not ;i-
When, better than a year ago to mention the enduring Peace of: ;
1 1I 1I
we undertook by editorial publicityto -the world. i
center attention on the need for Just as we insist upon appraisals I
flood control in the Everglades, of productive values abroad, : I
there were pessimists in myriad: and the advancement of building ,
number. Today real progress has loans against the working of theso I ;
come. values so do we insist an appraisals f
The St. Lucie Canal appropria- of assets at home, and energetic i Hull : i iI
tion'recommendation is indicativenot capitalizing of those assets. Packing Company
alone because it has been None is much greater than ou"
made but primarily because it is Everglades. I .
openly identified as part of an Vooda.. Ramie. Net a single basic I I .
over all Plan contemplating the element of living can disregard PACKERS AND SHIPPERS
expenditure of two hundred mil- these. None can prosper without : !
lions. We are moving along. If the them. Nowhere in the known 1
people show by their voting inter- world, can they be produced in
est in the coming primaries a like or greater quantity than on i .
willingness to support men who our own muck. For these United : I
do things rather than Just talk States to attempt to cooperate i Florida Fruits andVegetables
about things that progress will through weakness is puerile. Only i -
be fostered. strength can co-operate. We must
Once let Florida loom as a potential be strong. I I I
two party State and the 1 .
Spiritual strength is the first requisite
-results will as bubbles from :
appear I
material strength next. If
the unseen depths of a stream.
we are spiritually strong, we can- ,
Flood control in area, is
proper not become materially weak. The I ; ;
not a County proportion. It is nota + r
Spirit of a people develops ma- I
State pi-position. It ia not slon'a
terial strength. There are highly I
National proposition. It is an ;
I encouraging signs. We must perI I : I
International proposition. A1J this
;sist in our effort. I BRANDS H
nation moves into the international I !
The sun rises over the Glades. I
arenas with ever increasing II I I
commitments to backward or -
stricken people its success and i American farmers are living I Ii ; OV'RNIGHT HULL'S BEST : !

security will be meted in propor- I more like "city folks" than at any i i I
tion to the foods and fibers it ia time since pioneer days says J. H. : I I
able to furnish.It Oppenheim, president of the Far! I
will do no good just to talk Equipment Institute, and barring: PAHOKEE FLORIDA
about such things. Furnishingthem war or some economic catastrophe. i
is what will count. That and he predicts that they will continue
nothing less than that. The Glades to do so.Through. ; I

will that prove essential an indispensable program of assetin pro- .. .. i: Phone 2751 W. G. Hull, Owner I
duction. the eliminations of
This leadership has done some 'dead roads and the adoption of a I
abysmally stupid things: our presumption i cooperative program with the !
is that it will do more counties of the state, the State i
such things; but it is not within I Road Department has been able 10 i II
the scope anything short of maintain a splendid highway I II
system designed to serve the stats i
madness, to neglect developingthose --- ...
things which, alone can pro- as a whole.. -




Serving the West Coast and Everglades .

Section of Florida




A Complete Highway Motor Freight and

Transportation System Passenger Service

Tamiami Trail Tours, Inc.General .


1010 East Lafayette StreetP.

O. Box 2938 Telephone M8142

Tampa. 1, Florida



Y r, r rr rrrrrrrrrrr'rrrr r rrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr.

1- ..-Eight..- _ _ _ .- .- .- .- .- _ _ The Everglades News Canal Point.Florida FLOOD CONTROL.Edition-

Bank Of PahokeeAT


JUNE 30, 1998 -


Loans & Discounts... $1,246,914.34 Capital Stock ___$ 50,000.00

Banking House._____ .01 Surplus .---...-.--- 140,000.00
United! States Bonds_ $1,508,387.50 Undivided Profits
and Reserve 1 .101,157.60

State County and
Municipal Bonds._ 45,155.00 I

Stocks 0 ._..0.__. -___ 5.000.00Cash

On Hand and
due from Banks..... $1,387,209.66 $2,945,752.16 Deposits _.. .-.-... $3,901,508,91]

Total ..... $4,192,666.51 Total..... $4,192,666.51

Palm Beach County's Oldest Bank

o -

Member Federal Deposit Insurance CorporationPage