Alice's adventures in Wonderland


Material Information

Alice's adventures in Wonderland
Physical Description:
xi, 161 p., <12> leaves of plates : ill., (some col.) ; 21 cm.
Carroll, Lewis, 1832-1898
Rackham, Arthur, 1867-1939 ( Illustrator )
Heinemann (Firm) ( Publisher )
Ballantyne Press ( Printer )
Hentschel Colourtype
Doubleday, Page & Company ( Publisher )
William Heinemann
Doubleday, Page & Co.
Place of Publication:
New York
Ballantyne Press.
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Fantasy literature -- 1916   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1916
Fantasy literature   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- New York -- New York
England -- London


Statement of Responsibility:
by Lewis Carroll ; illustrated by Arthur Rackham ; with a poem by Austin Dobson.
General Note:
Illustrated title page.
General Note:
Illustrations reproduced by Hentschel Colourtype.
General Note:
Col. ill. mounted on red cloth binding.
Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002244971
oclc - 20136398
notis - ALJ5967
System ID:

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
        Front Cover 3
    Title Page
        Title Page
        Frontispiece 1
        Frontispiece 2
    Title Page
        Title Page
        Page v
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Table of Contents
        Page ix
    List of Illustrations
        Page xi
    Down the rabbit-hole
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Pool of tears
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Unnumbered ( 36 )
        Unnumbered ( 37 )
        Page 23
    Caucus-race and a long tale
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Unnumbered ( 44 )
        Unnumbered ( 45 )
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    Rabbit sends in a little bill
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Unnumbered ( 54 )
        Unnumbered ( 55 )
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
    Advice from a caterpillar
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Unnumbered ( 70 )
        Unnumbered ( 71 )
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Pig and pepper
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Unnumbered ( 91 )
        Unnumbered ( 92 )
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Unnumbered ( 97 )
        Unnumbered ( 98 )
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 81
    Mad tea-party
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Unnumbered ( 108 )
        Unnumbered ( 109 )
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
    Queen's croquet-ground
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Unnumbered ( 126 )
        Unnumbered ( 127 )
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
    Mock turtle's story
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Unnumbered ( 144 )
        Unnumbered ( 145 )
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
    Lobster quadrille
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Unnumbered ( 161 )
        Unnumbered ( 162 )
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
    Who stole the tarts?
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Unnumbered ( 171 )
        Unnumbered ( 172 )
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
    Alice's evidence
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Unnumbered ( 191 )
        Unnumbered ( 192 )
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
    Back Matter
        Page 163
    Back Cover
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
Full Text



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'Tis two score years since CARROLL'S art,
With topsy-tzurvy magic,
Sent ALICE wondering through a part
Half-comic and half-tragic.

Enchanting ALICE Black-and-white
Has made your deeds perennial;
And naught save Chaos and old Night "
Can part you now from TENNIEL ,

But still you are a Type, and based
In Trzth, like LEAR and HAMLET ;
And Types may be re-draped to taste
In cloth-of-gold or camlet.

Here comes afresh Costumier, then;
That Taste may gain a wrinkle
From him who drew with such deft pen
The rags of RiP VAN WINKLE


All in the golden afternoon
Full leisurely we glide;
For both our oars, with little skill,
By little arms are plied,
While little hands make vain pretence
Our wanderings to guide.

Ah, cruel Three! In such an hour,
Beneath such dreamy weather,
To beg a tale of breath too weak
To stir the tiniest feather !
Yet what can one poor voice avail
Against three tongues together?

Imperious Prima flashes forth
Her edict "to begin it "-
In gentler tone Secunda hopes
There will be nonsense in it! "-
While Tertia interrupts the tale
Not more than once a minute.

Anon, to sudden silence won,
In fancy they pursue
The dream-child moving through a land
Of wonders wild and new,
In friendly chat with bird or beast-
And half believe it true.

And ever, as the story drained
The wells of fancy dry.
And faintly strove that weary one
To put the subject by,
"The rest next time-" It is next time! "
The happy voices cry.

Thus grew the tale of Wonderland :
Thus slowly, one by one,
Its quaint events were hammered out-
And now the tale is done,
And home we steer, a merry crew,
Beneath the setting sun.

Alice a childish story take,
And with a gentle hand
Lay it where Childhood's dreams are twined
In Memory's mystic band,
Like pilgrim's wither'd wreath of flowers
Pluck'd in a far-off land.
















To ace
Alice Fro is ce
The Pool of Tears 22
They all crowded round it panting and asking, "But
who has won?". 28
"Why, Mary Ann, what are you doing out here?" 36
Advice from a Caterpillar 50
An unusually large saucepan flew close by it, and very
nearly carried it off 70
It grunted again so violently that she looked down
into its face in some alarm 74
A Mad Tea-Party 84
The Queen turned angrily away from him and said to
the Knave, "Turn them over" oo
The Queen never left off quarrelling with the other
players, and shouting Off with his head!" or,
"Off with her head!" 16
The Mock Turtle drew a long breath and said, That's
very curious" 132
Who stole the Tarts? 140
At this the whole pack rose up into the air, and came
flying down upon her 158

S : LICE was beginning to get very Down the
tired of sitting by her sister on Rabbit-
the bank, and of having nothing
S to do: once or twice she had
peeped into the book her sister was reading,
but it had no pictures or conversations in
it, "and what is the use of a book," thought
Alice, without pictures or conversations? "
So she was considering in her own mind
(as well as she could, for the hot day made
her feel very sleepy and stupid) whether the
pleasure of making a daisy-chain would be
worth the trouble of getting up and picking
the daisies, when suddenly a White Rabbit
with pink eyes ran close by her.
There was nothing so very remarkable in
that; nor did Alice think it so very much out
of the way to hear the Rabbit say to itself, Oh
dear Oh dear! I shall be too late (when

Down the she thought it over afterwards, it occurred
HRbbt- to her that she ought to have wondered at
this, but at the time it all seemed quite
natural); but when the Rabbit actually took
a watch out of its waistcoat-pocket, and
looked at it, and then hurried on, Alice
started to her feet, for it flashed across her
mind that she had never before seen a rabbit
with either a waistcoat-pocket, or a watch to
take out of it, and burning with curiosity,
she ran across the field after it, and was just
in time to see it pop down a large rabbit-hole
under the hedge.
In another moment down went Alice after
it, never once considering how in the world
she was to get out again.
The rabbit-hole went straight on like a
tunnel for some way, and then dipped
suddenly down, so suddenly that Alice had
not a moment to think about stopping herself
before she found herself falling down what
seemed to be a very deep well.
Either the well was very deep, or she fell
very slowly, for she had plenty of time as she
went down to look about her, and to wonder
what was going to happen next. First, she

tried to look down and make out what she Down the
was coming to, but it was too dark to see Rabbit
anything; then she looked at the sides of the
well and noticed that they
were filled with cupboards and
book-shelves: here and there -
she saw maps and pictures
hung upon pegs. She took
down a jar from one of the
shelves as she passed; it was
labelled "ORANGE MAR-
MALADE," but to her dis- 0
appointment it was empty;,
she did not like to drop the
jar for fear of killing some-



Down the body underneath, so managed to put it into
Rabbit- one of the cupboards as she fell past it.
Well I thought Alice to herself. After
such a fall as this, I shall think nothing of
tumbling down stairs How brave they'll all
think me at home! Why, I wouldn't say
anything about it, even if I fell off the
top of the house 1 (Which was very likely
Down, down, down. Would the fall never
come to an end ? I wonder how many miles
I've fallen by this time? she said aloud. "I
must be getting somewhere near the centre of
the earth. Let me see: that would be four
thousand miles down. I think-" (for, you
see, Alice had learnt several things of this
sort in her lessons in the schoolroom, and
though this was not a very good opportunity
for showing off her knowledge, as there was
no one to listen to her, still it was good prac-
tice to say it over) "-yes, that's about the
right distance-but then I wonder what Lati-
tude or Longitude I've got to?" (Alice had
no idea what Latitude was, or Longitude
either, but thought they were nice grand
words to say.)

Presently she began again. I wonder if Down the
I shall fall right through the earth! How Rabbi-
funny it'll seem to come out among the people
that walk with their heads downwards I The
Antipathies, I think-" (she was rather glad
there was no one listening, this time, as it
didn't sound at all the right word) "-but
I shall have to ask them what the name of the
country is, you know. Please, Ma'am, is this
New Zealand or Australia ? (and she tried to
curtsey as she spoke-fancy curtseying as
you're falling through the air I Do you think.
you could manage it?) "And what an igno-
rant little girl she'll think me 1 No, it'll
never do to ask : perhaps I shall see it written
up somewhere."
Down, down, down. There was nothing
else to do, so Alice soon began talking again.
" Dinah'll miss me very much to-night, I
should think (Dinah was the cat.) I
hope they'll remember her saucer of milk at
tea-time. Dinah, my dear, I wish you were
down here with me 1 There are no mice in
the air, I'm afraid, but you might catch a bat,
and that's very like a mouse, you know. But
do cats eat bats, I wonder ?" And here Alice

Down the began to get rather sleepy, and went on saying
Rabbit- to herself, in a dreamy sort of way, Do cats
eat bats ? Do cats eat bats ? and sometimes,
"Do bats eat cats?" for, you see, as she
couldn't answer either question, it didn't
much matter which way she put it. She felt
that she was dozing off, and had just begun
to dream that she was walking hand in hand
with Dinah, and saying to her very earnestly,
Now, Dinah, tell me the truth: did you ever
eat a bat ?" when suddenly, thump! thump I
down she came upon a heap of sticks and dry
leaves, and the fall was over.
Alice was not a bit hurt, and she jumped
up on to her feet in a moment: she looked
up, but it was all dark overhead; before her
was another long passage, and the White
Rabbit was still in sight, hurrying down it.
There was not a moment to be lost: away
went Alice like the wind, and was just in time
to hear it say, as it turned a corner, Oh my
ears and whiskers, how late it's getting I" She
was close behind it when she turned the corner,
but the Rabbit was no longer to be seen : she
found herself in a long, low hall, which was lit
up by a row of lamps hanging from the roof.

There were doors all round the hall, but Down the
they were all locked; and when Alice had been Rabbit-
all the way down one side and up the other,
trying every door, she walked sadly down the
middle, wondering how she was ever to get
out again.
Suddenly she came upon a little three-
legged table, all made of solid glass; there
was nothing on it but a tiny golden key, and
Alice's first idea was that this might belong
to one of the doors of the hall; but, alas!
either the locks were too large, or the key was
too small, but at any rate it would not open
any of them. However, on the second time
round, she came upon a low curtain she had
not noticed before, and behind it was a little
door about fifteen inches high: she tried the
little golden key in the lock, and to her great
delight it fitted I
Alice opened the door and found that it led
into a small passage, not much larger than a
rat-hole: she knelt down and looked along
the passage into the loveliest garden you ever
saw. How she longed to get out of that dark
hall, and wander about among those beds of
bright flowers and those cool fountains, but

Down the she could not even get her head through the
Rabbit- doorway; and even if my head would go
through," thought poor Alice, "it would be of
very little use without my shoulders. Oh,
how I wish I could shut up like a telescope!
I think I could, if I only knew how to begin."
For, you see, so many out-of-the-way things
had happened lately, that Alice had begun to
think that very few things indeed were really
There seemed to be no use in waiting by
the little door, so she went back to the table,
half hoping she might find another key on it,
or at any rate a book of rules for shutting
people up like telescopes: this time she found
a little bottle on it (" which certainly was not
here before," said Alice,) and tied round the
neck of the bottle was a paper label, with the
words "DRINK ME" beautifully printed
on it in large letters.
It was all very well to say "Drink me,"
but the wise little Alice was not going to do
that in a hurry. "No, I'll look first," she
said, "and see whether it's marked 'poison'
or not;" for she had read several nice little
stories about children who had got burnt,

and eaten up by wild beasts, and other Down the
unpleasant things, all because they would Rabbi?-
not remember the simple rules their friends
had taught them: such as, that a red-hot
poker will burn you if you hold it too
long; and that, if you cut your finger very
deeply with a knife, it usually bleeds; and
she had never forgotten that, if you drink
much from a bottle marked poison," it is
almost certain to disagree with you, sooner
or later.
However, this bottle was not marked
" poison," so Alice ventured to taste it, and
finding it very nice (it had, in fact, a sort of
mixed flavour of cherry-tart, custard, pine-
apple, roast turkey, coffee, and hot buttered
toast,) she very soon finished it off.
"What a curious feeling l" said Alice.
" I must be shutting up like a telescope."
And so it was indeed : she was now only
ten inches high, and her face brightened up
at the thought that she was now the right
size for going through that little door into
that lovely garden. First, however, she

Down tae waited for a few minutes to see if she was
Rabt- going to shrink any further: she felt a little
nervous about this: for it might end, you
know," said Alice to herself, in my going
out altogether, like a candle. I wonder what
I should be like then ? ", And she tried to
fancy what the flame of a candle looks like
after the candle is blown out, for she could
not remember ever having seen such a thing.
After a while, finding that nothing more
happened, she decided on going into the
garden at once; but, alas for poor Alice!
when she got to the door, she found she had
forgotten the little golden key, and when
she went back to the table for it, she found
she could not possibly reach it: she could.
see it quite plainly through the glass, and
she tried her best to climb up one of the legs
of the table, but it was too slippery; and when
she had tired herself out with trying, the
poor little thing sat down and cried.
Come, there's no use in crying like that I"
said Alice to herself, rather sharply. I advise
you to leave off this minute She generally
gave herself very good advice (though she
very seldom followed it), and sometimes she

scolded herself so severely as to bring tears Down the
into her eyes; and once she remembered Rabbit-
trying to box her own ears for having cheated
herself in a game of croquet she was playing
against herself, for this curious child was very
fond of pretending to be two people. But
it's no use now," thought poor Alice, to pre-
tend to be two people Why there's hardly
enough of me left to make one respectable
person I"
Soon her eye fell on a little glass box that
was lying under the table : she opened it, and
found in it a very small cake, on which the
words EAT ME were beautifully marked
in currants. "Well, I'll eat it," said Alice,
and if it makes me grow larger, I can reach
the key; and if it makes me grow smaller, I
can creep under the door; so either way I'll
get into the garden, and I don't care which
She ate a little bit, and said anxiously to
herself, "Which way ? Which way ?" holding
her hand on the top of her head to feel which
way it was growing, and she was quite sur-
prised to find that she remained the same size;
to be sure, this is what generally happens

Down the when one eats cake, but Alice had got so
Rabbit much into the way of expecting nothing but
out-of-the-way things to happen, that it
seemed quite dull and stupid for life to go on
in the common way.
So she set to work, and very soon finished
off the cake.

URIOUSER and curiouser I" Poolof
cried Alice (she was so much sur- Tears
prised, that for a moment she
quite forgot how to speak good
English); "now I'm opening out like the
largest telescope that ever was! Good-bye,
feet! (for when she looked down at her feet,
they seemed to be almost out of sight, they
were getting so far off). Oh, my poor little
feet, I wonder who will put on your shoes
and stockings for you now, dears ? I'm sure I
sha'n't be able! I shall be a great deal too
far off to trouble myself about you : you must
manage the best way you can-but I must
be kind to them," thought Alice, "or perhaps
they won't walk the way I want to go! Let
me see: I'll give them a new pair of boots
every Christmas."
And she went on planning to herself how

Poolof she would manage it. They must go by the
Tears carrier," she thought; "and how funny it'll
seem, sending presents to one's own feet!
And how odd the directions will look I
Alice's Right Foot, Esq.
near the Fender,
(with Alice's love).

Oh dear, what nonsense I'm talking "
Just then her head struck against the roof
of the hall: in fact she was now rather more
than nine feet high, and she at once took up
the little golden key and hurried off to the
garden door.
Poor Alice It was as much as she could
do, lying down on one side, to look through
into the garden with one eye; but to get
through was more hopeless than ever: she
sat down and began to cry again.
"You ought to be ashamed of yourself,"
said Alice, "a great girl like you (she might
well say this), to go on crying in this way!
Stop this moment, I tell you I" But she went
on all the same, shedding gallons of tears,
until there was a large pool all round her,

about four inches
deep and reaching
half down the hall.
After a time she
heard a little patter-
ing of feet in the /
distance, and she
hastily dried her eyes
to see what was
coming. It was the
White Rabbit re-
turning, splendidly
dressed, with a pair
of white kid gloves a
in one hand and a
large fan in the
other: he came trot-
ting along in a great
hurry, muttering to
himself as he came,
"Oh! the Duchess,
the Duchess I Oh!
won't she be savage I
if I've kept her wait- cURIOUSER AND CURIOUSER
ing Alice felt so
desperate that she was ready to ask help of

Pool of

Poolof any one ; so, when the Rabbit came near her,
Tears she began, in a low, timid voice, "If you
please, sir- The Rabbit started violently,
dropped the white kid gloves and the fan, and
scurried away into the darkness as hard as he
could go.
Alice took up the fan and gloves, and, as
the hall was very hot, she kept fanning herself
all the time she went on talking! "Dear,
dear I How queer everything is to-day I
And yesterday things went on just as usual.
I wonder if I've been changed during the
night? Let me think: was I the same when
I got up this morning? I almost think I can
remember feeling a little different. But if
I'm not the same, the next question is, who
in the world am I? Ah, that's the great
puzzle 1" And she began thinking over all
the children she knew that were of the same
age as herself, to see if she could have been
changed for any of them.
"I'm sure I'm not Ada," she said, "for
her hair goes in such long ringlets, and mine
doesn't go in ringlets at all; and I'm sure I
can't be Mabel, for I know all sorts of things,
and she, oh! she knows such a very little!

Besides, she's she, and I'm I, and-oh dear, Pool of
how puzzling it all is I'll try if I know all Tears
the things I used to know. Let me see: four
times five is twelve, and four times six is
thirteen, and four times seven is-oh dear I
shall never get to twenty at that rate I How-
ever, the Multiplication Table doesn't signify:
let's try Geography. London is the capital
of Paris, and Paris is the capital of Rome,
and Rome-no, that's all wrong, I'm certain !
I must have been changed for Mabel! I'll
try and say' How doth the little- '" and
she crossed her hands on her lap as if she
were saying lessons, and began to repeat it,
but her voice sounded hoarse and strange,
and the words did not come the same as they
used to do:-

How doth the little crocodile
Improve his shining tail,
And pour the waters of the Nile
On every golden scale!

"How cheerfully he seems to grin,
How neatly spreads his claws,
And welcomes little fishes in,
With gently smiling jaws "

Pool of "I'm sure those are not the right words,"
Tears said poor Alice, and her eyes filled with tears
again as she went on. "I must be Mabel,
after all, and I shall have to go and live in
that poky little house, and have next to no
toys to play with, and oh! ever so many
lessons to learn I No, I've made up my mind
about it; if I'm Mabel, I'll stay down here!
It'll be no use their putting their heads down
and saying, 'Come up again, dear!' I shall
only look up and say, 'Who am I then ? Tell
me that first, and then, if I like being that
person, I'll come up: if not, I'll stay down
here till I'm somebody else'-but, oh dear I "
cried Alice with a sudden burst of tears, I
do wish they would put their heads down! I
am so very tired of being all alone here "
As she said this she looked down at her
hands, and was surprised to see that she had
put on one of the Rabbit's little white kid
gloves while she was talking. How can
I have done that?" she thought. "I must
be growing small again." She got up and
went to the table to measure herself by it,
and found that, as nearly as she could guess,
she was now about two feet high, and was

going on shrinking rapidly : she soon found Pool oj
out that the cause of this was the fan she was Tears
holding, and she dropped it hastily, just in
time to avoid shrinking away altogether.
"That was a narrow escape I said Alice,
a good deal frightened at the sudden change,
but very glad to find herself still in existence ;
" and now for the garden I and she ran with
all speed back to the little door: but alas I
the little door was shut again, and the little
golden key was lying on the glass table as
before, "and things are worse than ever,"
thought the poor child, "for I never was so
small as this before, never! And I declare it's
too bad, that it is l "
As she said these words her foot slipped,
and in another moment, splash I she was up
to her chin in salt water. Her first idea was
that she had somehow fallen into the sea,
"and in that case I can go back by railway,"
she said to herself. (Alice had been to the
seaside once in her life, and had come to the
general conclusion, that wherever you go to
on the English coast you find a number of
bathing machines in the sea, some children
digging in the sand with wooden spades, then

Poolof a row of lodging houses, and behind them a
Tears railway station.) However, she soon made
out that she was in the pool of tears which
she had wept when she was nine feet high.
"I wish I hadn't cried so much I" said
Alice, as she swam about, trying to find her
way out. I shall be punished for it now, I
suppose, by being drowned in my own tears!
That will be a queer thing, to be sure!
However, everything is queer to-day."
Just then she heard something splashing
about in the pool a little way off, and she
swam nearer to make out what it was: at
first she thought it must be a walrus or hip-
popotamus, but then she remembered how
small she was now, and she soon made out
that it was only a mouse that had slipped in
like herself.
"Would it be of any use now," thought
Alice, to speak to this mouse ? Everything
is so out-of-the-way down here, that I should
think very likely it can talk: at any rate,
there's no harm in trying." So she began;
0 Mouse, do you know the way out of this
pool ? I am very tired of swimming about
here, 0 Mouse! (Alice thought this must

be the right way of speaking to a mouse; Poolof
she had never done such a thing before, but Tears
she remembered having seen in her brother's
Latin Grammar, "A mouse-of a mouse-to
a mouse-a mouse-O mouse I ") The Mouse
looked at her rather inquisitively, and seemed
to her to wink with one of its little eyes, but
it said nothing.
Perhaps it doesn't understand English,"
thought Alice; "I daresay it's a French mouse,
come over with William the Conqueror."
(For, with all her knowledge of history, Alice
had no very clear notion how long ago any-
thing had happened.) So she began again:
"Oh est ma chatte?" which was the first
sentence in her French lesson-book. The
Mouse gave a sudden leap out of the water,
and seemed to quiver all over with fright.
" Oh, I beg your pardon I cried Alice hastily,
afraid that she had hurt the poor animal's
feelings. I quite forgot you didn't like cats."
"Not like cats cried the Mouse, in a
shrill, passionate voice. "Would you like
cats if you were me ? "
Well, perhaps not," said Alice in a sooth-
ing tone : "don't be angry about it. And yet

Poolof I wish I could show you our cat Dinah: I
Tears think you'd take a fancy to cats if you could
only see her. She is such a dear quiet thing,"
Alice went on, half to herself, as she swam
lazily about in the pool, and she sits purring
so nicely by the fire, licking her paws and
washing her face-and she is such a nice soft,
thing to nurse-and she's such a capital one
for catching mice-oh, I beg your pardon!"
cried Alice again, for this time the Mouse was
bristling all over, and she felt certain it must
be really offended. "We won't talk about
her any more if you'd rather not."
"We, indeed cried the Mouse, who was
trembling down to the end of his tail. "As
if I would talk on such a subject! Our family
always hated cats : nasty, low, vulgar things I
Don't let me hear the name again "
"I won't indeed I" said Alice, in a great
hurry to change the subject of conversation.
"Are you-are you fond-of-of dogs ?"
The Mouse did not answer, so Alice went on
eagerly: There is such a nice little dog near
our house I should like to show you I A
little bright-eyed terrier, you know, with oh,
such long curly brown hair I And it'll fetch

The Pool of Tears


things when you throw them, and it'll sit up Poolof
and beg for its dinner, and all sorts of things Tears
-I can't remember half of them-and it
belongs to a farmer, you know, and he says
it's so useful, it's worth a hundred pounds I
He says it kills all the rats and-oh dear I "
cried Alice in a sorrowful tone, I'm afraid
I've offended it again For the Mouse was
swimming away from her as hard as it could
go, and making quite a commotion in the
pool as it went.
So she called softly after it, Mouse dear I
Do come back again, and we won't talk about
cats or dogs either, if you don't like them I "
When the Mouse heard this, it turned round
and swam slowly back to her: its face was quite
pale (with passion, Alice thought), and it said in
a low trembling voice, Let us get to the shore,
and then I'll tell you my history, and you'll
understand why it is I hate cats and dogs."
It was high time to go, for the pool was
getting quite crowded with the birds and
animals that had fallen into it: there were a
Duck and a Dodo, a Lory and an Eaglet, and
several other curious creatures. Alice led the
way, and the whole party swam to the shore.

A Caucus- HEY were indeed a queer-looking
naSce n ad party that assembled on the bank
Lg T. -the birds with draggled feathers,
Sthe animals with their fur clinging
close to them, and all dripping wet, cross,
and uncomfortable.
The first question of course was, how to
get dry again : they had a consultation about
this, and after a few minutes it seemed quite
natural to Alice to find herself talking
familiarly with them, as if she had known
them all her life. Indeed, she had quite a
long argument with the Lory, who at last
turned sulky, and would only say, "I am
older than you, and must know better ;" and
this Alice would not allow without knowing
how old it was, and, as the Lory positively
refused to tell its age, there was no more to
be said.

At last the Mouse, who seemed to be a A Caucus-
race and a
person of authority among them, called out Lorg Tale
" Sit down, all of you, and listen to me I L l
soon make you dry enough I" They all sat
down at once, in a large ring, with the
Mouse in the middle. Alice kept her eyes
anxiously fixed on it, for she felt sure she
would catch a bad cold if she did not get dry
very soon.
"Ahem!" said the Mouse with an im-
portant air. "Are you all ready? This is
the driest thing I know. Silence all round,
if you please I 'William the Conqueror,
whose cause was favoured by the pope, was
soon submitted to by the English, who
wanted leaders, and had been of late much
accustomed to usurpation and conquest.
Edwin and Morcar, the earls of Mercia and
Ugh I said the Lory, with a shiver.
"I beg your pardon said the Mouse,
frowning, but very politely. "Did you
speak ? "
"Not II said the Lory hastily.
"I thought you did," said the Mouse,
"-I proceed. 'Edwin and Morcar, the

A Caucus- earls of Mercia and Northumbria, declared for
rac nd a him: and even Stigand, the patriotic Arch-
Long Tale
bishop of Canterbury, found it advisable-' "
Found what ?" said the Duck.
"Found it," the Mouse replied rather
crossly: "of course you know what 'it'
"I know what 'it' means well enough,
when I find a thing," said the Duck; "it's
generally a frog or a worm. The question
is, what did the archbishop find ?"
The Mouse did not notice this question,
but hurriedly went on, '-found it ad-
visable to go with Edgar Atheling to meet
William and offer him the crown. William's
conduct at first was moderate. But the in-
solence of his Normans-' How are you
getting on now, my dear?" it continued,
turning to Alice as it spoke.
"As wet as ever," said Alice in a melan-
choly tone; "doesn't seem to dry me at all."
"In that case," said the Dodo solemnly,
rising to its feet, I move that the meeting
adjourn, for the immediate adoption of more
energetic remedies-"
"Speak English I" said the Eaglet. "I

don't know the meaning of half those long A Caucus-
words, and, what's more, I don't believe you race and
do either!" And the Eaglet bent down its
head to hide a smile: some of the other birds
tittered audibly.
"What I was going to say," said the
Dodo in an offended tone, "was that the
best thing to get us dry would be a Caucus-
"What is a Caucus-race ?" said Alice; not
that she much wanted to know, but the Dodo
had paused as if it thought that somebody
ought to speak, and no one else seemed
inclined to say anything.
"Why," said the Dodo, "the best way
to explain it is to do it." (And, as you might
like to try the thing yourself some winter
day, I will tell you how the Dodo managed it.)
First it marked out a race-course, in a sort
of circle, (" the exact shape doesn't matter,"
it said,) and then all the party were placed
along the course, here and there. There was
no "One, two, three, and away," but they
began running when they liked, and left
off when they liked, so that it was not easy
to know when the race was over. However,

A Caucus- when they had been running half an hour or
race and a and were quite dry again, the Dodo
suddenly called "The race is over and
they all crowded round it, panting, and ask-
ing But who has won ? "
This question the Dodo could not answer
without a great deal of thought, and it stood
for a long time with one finger pressed upon
its forehead (the position in which you
usually see Shakespeare, in the pictures of
him), while the rest waited in silence. At
last the Dodo said Everybody has won, and
all must have prizes."
"But who is to give the prizes?" quite
a chorus of voices asked.
"Why, she, of course," said the Dodo,
pointing to Alice with one finger; and the
whole party at once crowded round her,
calling out in a confused way, "Prizes!
Prizes 1"
Alice had no idea what to do, and in
despair she put her hand in her pocket, and
pulled out a box of comfits (luckily the salt
water had not got into it), and handed them
round as prizes. There was exactly one a-
piece all round.

They all crowded round it panting and asking,
"But who has won ? "

-4- -

"But she must have a prize herself, you A Caucus-
know," said the Mouse. ac and a
Of course," the Dodo replied very
What else have you got in your pocket ?"
it went on, turning to Alice.
Only a thimble," said Alice sadly.:
Hand it over here," said the Dodo.
Then they all crowded round her once
more, while the Dodo solemnly presented the
thimble, saying "We beg your acceptance
of this elegant thimble;" and, when it
had finished this short speech, they all
Alice thought the whole thing very absurd,
but they all looked so grave that she did not
dare to laugh; and, as she could not think
of anything to say, she simply bowed, and
took the thimble, looking as solemn as she
The next thing was to eat the comfits ; this
caused some noise and confusion, as the
large birds complained that they could not
taste theirs, and the small ones choked and
had to be patted on the back. However, it
was over at last, and they sat down again in

A Caucus- a ring, and begged the Mouse to tell them
race and a something more.
Long Tale sm
You promised to tell me your history,
you know," said Alice, and why it is you
hate-C and D," she added in a whisper, half
afraid that it would be offended again.

"Mine is a long and sad tale I" said the
Mouse, turning to Alice and sighing.
"It is a long tail, certainly," said Alice,
looking down with wonder at the Mouse's
tail; "but why do you call it sad? And
she kept on puzzling about it while the
Mouse was speaking, so that her idea of
the tale was something like this:-


uTy said to A Caucus
Fury said to race and a
a mouse, That Long Tale
he met in the
house, Let
us both go
to law: I
will prose-
cute you.-
Come, I'll
take no de-
nial: We
must have
the trial;
For really
this morn-
ing I've
to do.'
Said the
mouse to
the cur,
'Such a
trial, dear
sir, With
no jury
or judge,
be wast-
ing our
'I'll be
I'll be
Fury :


A Caucus- You are not attending I" said the Mouse
raceanda to Alice severely. "What are you thinking
Long Tale of?
I beg your pardon," said Alice very
humbly: "you had got to the fifth bend,
I think?"
I had not/ cried the Mouse, angrily.
"A knot said Alice, always ready to
make herself useful, and looking anxiously
about her. "Oh, do let me help to undo
I shall do nothing of the sort," said the
Mouse, getting up and walking away. "You
insult me by talking such nonsense I'"
I didn't mean it !" pleaded poor Alice.
But you're so easily offended, you know !"
The Mouse only growled in reply.
Please come back and finish your story! "
Alice called after it. And the others all joined
in chorus, "Yes, please do! but the Mouse
only shook its head impatiently and walked
a little quicker.
"What a pity it wouldn't stay! sighed
the Lory, as soon as it was quite out of
sight; and an old Crab took the opportunity
of saying to her daughter, "Ah, my dear!

Let this be a lesson to you never to lose A Caucus-
your temper I Hold your tongue, Ma I raceand a
said the young Crab, a little snappishly.
"You're enough to try the patience of an
oyster !"
I wish I had our Dinah here, I know I
do I said Alice aloud, addressing nobody in
particular. She'd soon fetch it back I "
"And who is Dinah, if I might venture to
ask the question ? said the Lory.
Alice replied eagerly, for she was always
ready to talk about her pet: Dinah's our
cat. And she such a capital one for catching
mice, you can't think I And oh, I wish you
could see her after the birds I Why, she'll
eat a little bird as soon as look at it 1 "
This speech caused a remarkable sensation
among the party. Some of the birds hurried
off at once; one old Magpie began wrapping
itself up very carefully, remarking "I really
must be getting home; the night-air doesn't
suit my throat! and a Canary called out in
a trembling voice to its children "Come
away, my dears I It's high time you were all
in bed On various pretexts they all moved
off, and Alice was soon left alone.
c 33

A Caucus- I wish I hadn't mentioned Dinah I" she
race and a said to herself in a melancholy tone. No-
Long Tale
body seems to like her, down here, and I'm
sure she's the best cat in the world I Oh, my
dear Dinah I I wonder if I shall ever see you
any more I" And here poor Alice began to
cry again, for she felt very lonely and low-
spirited. In a little while, however, she again
heard a little pattering of footsteps in the
distance, and she looked up eagerly, half
hoping that the Mouse had changed his mind,
and was coming back to finish his story.

0 0 T was the White Rabbit, trotting The Rabbit
slowly back again, and looking Lt'de Bla
anxiously about as it went, as if it
had lost something; and she heard
it muttering to itself, "The Duchess! The
Duchess! Oh my dear paws I Oh my fur and
whiskers She'll get me executed, as sure as
ferrets are ferrets I Where can I have dropped
them, I wonder?" Alice guessed in a moment
that it was looking for the fan and the pair of
white kid gloves, and she very good-naturedly
began hunting about for them, but they were
nowhere to be seen-everything seemed to
have changed since her swim in the pool, and
the great hall, with the glass table and the
little door, had vanished completely.
Very soon the Rabbit noticed Alice, as she
went hunting about, and called out to her in
an angry tone, "Why, Mary Ann, what

The Rabbit are you doing out here ? Run home this
sends in a moment, and fetch me a pair of gloves and a
Little Bill
fan! Quick, nowl" And Alice was so much
frightened that she ran off at once in the
direction it pointed to, without trying to
explain the mistake it had made.
He took me for his housemaid," she said
to herself as she ran. How surprised he'll
be when he finds out who I am But I'd
better take him his fan and gloves-that is,
if I can find them." As she said this, she
came upon a neat little house, on the door of
which was a bright brass plate with the name
"W. RABBIT" engraved upon it. She
went in without knocking, and hurried up
stairs, in great fear lest she should meet the
real Mary Ann, and be turned out of the
house before she had found the fan and
How queer it seems," Alice said to her-
self, to be going messages for a rabbit! I
suppose Dinah'll be sending me on messages
next And she began fancying the sort of
thing that would happen: "'Miss Alice!
Come here directly, and get ready for your
walk 'Coming in a minute, nurse I But

' Why, Mary Ann, what are you doing out here ?"


~' d


~c ,

?i 1

SI -.-

I've got to watch this mouse-hole till Dinah
comes back, and see that the mouse doesn't
get out.' Only I don't think," Alice went on,
" that they'd let Dinah stop in the house if it
began ordering people about like that "
By this time she had found her way into a
tidy little room with a table in the window,
and on it (as she had hoped) a fan and two
or three pairs of tiny white kid gloves : she
took up the fan and a pair of the gloves, and
was just going to leave the room, when her
eye fell upon a little bottle that stood near
the looking-glass. There was no label this
time with the words "DRINK ME," but
nevertheless she uncorked it and put it to her
lips. I know something interesting is sure
to happen," she said to herself, whenever I
eat or drink anything; so I'll just see what
this bottle does. I do hope it will make me
grow large again, for really I'm quiet tired of
being such a tiny little thing "
It did so indeed, and much sooner than
she had expected : before she had drunk half
the bottle, she found her head pressing against
the ceiling, and had to stoop to save her neck
from being broken. She hastily put down

The Rabbit
sends in a
Little Bill

The Rabbit the bottle, saying to herself "That's quite
sends i a enough-I hope I sha'n't grow any more-
As it is, I can't get out at the door-I do
wish I hadn't drunk quite so much I "
Alas! it was too late to wish that 1 She
went on growing, and growing, and very soon
had to kneel down on the floor: in another
minute there was not even room for this, and
she tried the effect of lying down with one
elbow against the door, and the other arm
curled round her head. Still she went on
growing, and, as a last resource, she put one
arm out of the window, and one foot up the
chimney, and said to herself Now I can do
no more, whatever happens. What will
become of me ? "
Luckily for Alice, the little magic bottle
had now had its full effect, and she grew no
larger: still it was very uncomfortable, and,
as there seemed to be no sort of chance of
her ever getting out of the room again, no
wonder she felt unhappy.
It was much pleasanter at home," thought
poor Alice, "when one wasn't always growing
larger and smaller, and being ordered about by
mice and rabbits. I almost wish I hadn't gone

down that rabbit-hole-and yet-and yet- The Rabbit
it's rather curious, you know, this sort of life! sends in a
I do wonder what can have happened to me
When I used to read fairy-tales, I fancied that
kind of thing never happened, and now here
I am in the middle of one I There ought to
be a book written about me, that there ought 1
And when I grow up, I'll write one-but I'm
grown up now," she added in a sorrowful
tone; at least there's no room to grow up
any more here."
"But then," thought Alice, "shall I never
get any older than I am now? That'll be a
comfort, one way-never to be an old woman
-but then-always to have lessons to learn I
Oh, I shouldn't like that/ "
"Oh, you foolish Alice she answered
herself. "How can you learn lessons in
here? Why, there's hardly room for you,
and no room at all for any lesson-books I "
And so she went on, taking first one side
and then the other, and making quite a con-
versation of it altogether; but after a few
minutes she heard a voice outside, and
stopped to listen.
Mary Ann I Mary Ann I said the voice.

The Rabbit Fetch me my gloves this moment 1 Then
sends in a came a little pattering of feet on the stairs.
Alice knew it was the Rabbit coming to look
for her, and she trembled till she shook the
house, quite forgetting that she was now
about a thousand times as large as the Rab-
bit, and had no reason to be afraid of it.
Presently the Rabbit came up to the door,
and tried to open it; but, as the door opened
inwards, and Alice's elbow was pressed hard
against it, that attempt proved a failure.
Alice heard it say to itself "Then I'll go
round and get in at the window."
That you won't" thought Alice, and,
after waiting till she fancied she heard the
Rabbit just under the window, she suddenly
spread out her hand, and made a snatch in
the air. She did not get hold of anything,
but she heard a little shriek and a fall, and a
crash of broken glass, from which she con-
cluded that it was just possible it had fallen
into a cucumber-frame, or something of the
Next came an angry voice-the Rabbit's-
"Pat Pat Where are you ? And then
a voice she had never heard before, "Sure

then I'm here! Digging for apples, yer The Rabbzt
honour sends in a
Little Bill
"Digging for apples, indeed I said the
Rabbit angrily. Here 1 Come and help
me out of this (Sounds of more broken
Now tell me, Pat, what's that in the
window? "
"Sure, it's an arm, yer honour:" (He
pronounced it arrum.")
An arm, you goose Who ever saw one
that size ? Why, it fills the whole window I "
"Sure, it does, yer honour? but it's an
arm for all that."
"Well, it's got no business there, at any
rate: go and take it away I "
There was a long silence after this, and
Alice could only hear whispers now and then ;
such as, Sure, I don't like it, yer honour, at
all, at all I" Do as I tell you, you coward I "
and at last she spread out her hand again,
and made another snatch in the air. This
time there were two little shrieks, and more
sounds of broken glass. "What a number
of cucumber-frames there must be I" thought
Alice. "I wonder what they'll do next I As

The Rabbit for pulling me out of the window, I only wish
send i a they could/ I'm sure I don't wont to stay
Little Bill t d
in here any longer I "
She waited for some time without hearing
anything more: at last came a rumbling of
little cart-wheels, and the sound of a good
many voices all talking together: she made
out the words: Where's the other ladder?
-Why I hadn't to bring but one; Bill's got
the other-Bill Fetch it here, lad !-Here,
put 'em up at this corner-No, tie 'em to-
gether first-they don't reach half high enough
yet-Oh! they'll do well enough; don't be
particular-Here, Bill! catch hold of this
rope-Will the roof bear ?-Mind that loose
slate-Oh, it's coming down I Heads below I "
(a loud crash)-" Now, who did that ?-It was
Bill, I fancy-Who's to go down the chim-
ney ?-Nay, I sha'n't! You do it!-That I
won't, then! Bill's to go down-Here, Bill
the master says you've to go down the
chimney I "
"Oh! So Bill's got to come down the
chimney, has he?" said Alice to herself.
"Why, they seem to put everything upon
Bill! I wouldn't be in Bill's place for a good

deal: this fireplace is narrow, to be sure ; The Rabbit
but I think I can kick a little! ds in a
She drew her foot as far down the chimney
as she could, and waited till she heard a little
animal (she couldn't guess of what sort it
was) scratching and scrambling about in the
chimney close above her: then, saying to her-
self "This is Bill," she gave one sharp kick,
and waited to see what would happen next.
The first thing she heard was a general
chorus of There goes Bill I then the Rab-
bit's voice alone-" Catch him, you by the
hedge then silence, and then another con-
fusion of voices-" Hold up his head-
Brandy now-Don't choke him-How was
it, old fellow? What happened to you? Tell
us all about it 1 "
At last came a little feeble, squeaking
voice, (" That's Bill," thought Alice,) Well,
I hardly know-No more, thank ye; I'm
better now-but I'm a deal too flustered to
tell you-all I know is, something comes at
me like a Jack-in-the-box, and up I goes like
a sky-rocket I "
So you did, old fellow I said the others.
We must burn the house down said

The Rabbit the Rabbit's voice. And Alice called out as
seds in as loud as she could, If you do, I'll set Dinah
Little Bill
at you !"
There was a dead silence instantly, and
Alice thought to herself I wonder what
they will do next! If they had any sense,
they'd take the roof off." After a minute or
two they began moving about again, and
Alice heard the Rabbit say "A barrowful
will do, to begin with."
"A barrowful of what ?" thought Alice.
But she had not long to doubt, for the next
moment a shower of little pebbles came
rattling in at the window, and some of them
hit her in the face. I'll put a stop to this,"
she said to herself, and shouted out You'd
better not do that again which produced
another dead silence.
Alice noticed with some surprise that the
pebbles were all turning into little cakes as
they lay on the floor, and a bright idea came
into her head. "If I eat one of these
cakes," she thought, "it's sure to make some
change in my size; and, as it can't possibly
make me larger, it must make me smaller, I

So she swallowed one of the cakes, and was The Rabbit
delighted to find that she began shrinking sends in a
Little Bill
directly. As soon as she was small enough
to get through the door, she ran out of the
house, and found quite a crowd of little ani-
mals and birds waiting outside. The poor
little Lizard, Bill, was in the middle, being
held up by two guinea-pigs, who were giving
it something out of a bottle. They all made
a rush at Alice the moment she appeared; but
she ran off as hard as she could, and soon
found herself safe in a thick wood.
The first thing I've got to do," said Alice
to herself, as she wandered about in the wood,
"is to grow to my right size again; and the
second thing is to find my way into that lovely
garden. I think that will be the best plan."
It sounded an excellent plan, no doubt, and
very neatly and simply arranged; the only
difficulty was, that she had not the smallest
idea how to set about it; and, while she was
peering about anxiously among the trees, a
little sharp bark just over her head made her
look up in a great hurry.
An enormous puppy was looking down at
her with large round eyes, and feebly stretch-

The Rabbit ing out one paw, trying to touch her. Poor
sends in a little thing!" said Alice, in a coaxing tone,
Little Bill
and she tried hard to whistle to it; but she
was terribly frightened all the time at the
thought that it might be hungry, in which
case it would be very likely to eat her up in
spite of all her coaxing.
Hardly knowing what she did, she picked
up a little bit of stick, and held it out to the
puppy; whereupon the puppy jumped into
the air off all its feet at once, with a yelp of
delight, and rushed at the stick, and made
believe to worry it; then Alice dodged behind
a great thistle, to keep herself from being run
over; and, the moment she appeared on the
other side, the puppy made another rush at
the stick, and tumbled head over heels in its
hurry to get hold of it; then Alice, thinking
it was very like having a game of play with a
cart-horse, and expecting every moment to be
trampled under its feet, ran round the thistle
again; then the puppy began a series of short
charges at the stick, running a little way for-
wards each time and a long way back, and
barking hoarsely all the while, till at last it
sat down a good way off, panting, with its

tongue hanging out of its mouth, and its
great eyes half shut.
This seemed to Alice a good opportunity
for making her escape ; so she set off at once,
and ran till she was quite tired and out of
breath, and till the puppy's bark sounded
quite faint in the distance.
And yet what a dear little puppy it was I"
said Alice, as she leant against a buttercup to
rest herself, and fanned herself with one of
the leaves. I should have liked teaching it
tricks very much, if-if I'd only been the right
size to do it Oh, dear I'd nearly forgotten
that I've got to grow up again I Let me see
-how is it to be managed? I suppose I
ought to eat or drink something or other; but
the great question is, what?"
The great question certainly was, what?
Alice looked all round her at the flowers and
the blades of grass, but she could not see any-
thing that looked like the right thing to eat
or drink under the circumstances. There was
a large mushroom growing near her, about the
same height as herself; and, when she had
looked under it, and on both sides of it, and
behind it, it occurred to her that she might

The Rabbit
sends in a
Little Bill

The Rabbit as well look and see what was on the top
sends in a of it.
Little Bill
She stretched herself up on tiptoe, and
peeped over the edge of the mushroom, and
her eyes immediately met those of a large
blue caterpillar, that was sitting on the top
with its arms folded, quietly smoking a long
hookah, and taking not the smallest notice of
her or of anything else.

HE Caterpillar and Alice looked Advice
at each other for some time in from a
~o silence : at last the Caterpillar took Caterpillar
the hookah out of its mouth, and
addressed her in a languid, sleepy voice.
Who are you ? said the Caterpillar.
This was not an encouraging opening for a
conversation. Alice replied, rather shyly, I
hardly know, sir, just at present-at least I
know who I was when I got up this morning,
but I think I must have been changed several
times since then."
"What do you mean by that?" said the
Caterpillar sternly. Explain yourself! "
"I can't explain myself, I'm afraid, sir,"
said Alice, because I'm not myself, you see,"
"I don't see," said the Caterpillar.
"I'm afraid I can't put it more clearly,"
Alice replied very politely, for I can't under-

Advice stand it myself to begin with; and being so
from a many different sizes in a day is very con-
Caterpillar fusing."
It isn't," said the Caterpillar.
"Well, perhaps you haven't found it so
yet," said Alice, "but when you have to turn
into a chrysalis-you will some day, you
know-and then after that into a butterfly, I
should think you'll feel it a little queer, won't
Not a bit," said the Caterpillar.
"Well, perhaps your feelings may be dif-
ferent," said Alice; all I know is, it would
feel very queer to me."
"You I" said the Caterpillar contemptuously.
"Who are you ?"
Which brought them back again to the be-
ginning of the conversation. Alice felt a little
irritated at the Caterpillar's making such very
short remarks, and she drew herself up and
said, very gravely, I think you ought to tell
me who you are, first."
"Why?" said the Caterpillar.
Here was another puzzling question; and
as Alice could not think of any good reason,
and as the Caterpillar seemed to be in a

Advice from a CaterpiZlar

I 6 -1


very unpleasant state of mind, she turned Advice
ayfrom a
away. Caterpillar
"Come back I" the Caterpillar called after
her. I've something important to say I"
This sounded promising, certainly: Alice
turned and came back again.
Keep your temper," said the Caterpillar.
Is that all ? said Alice, swallowing down
her anger as well as she could.
"No," said the Caterpillar.
Alice thought she might as well wait, as
she had nothing else to do, and perhaps after
all it might tell her something worth hearing.
For some minutes it puffed away without
speaking, but at last it unfolded its arms,
took the hookah out of its mouth again, and
said, "So you think you're changed, do
you ?"
I'm afraid I am, sir," said Alice; I can't
remember things as I used-and I don't keep
the same size for ten minutes together I"
"Can't remember what things?" said the
"Well, I've tried to say 'How doth the
little busy bee,' but it all came different "
Alice replied in a very melancholy voice.

Advice Repeat You are old, Father William,'"
from a said the Caterpillar.
Alice folded her hands, and began:-

"You are old, Father William," the young man
"And your hair has become very white;
And yet you incessantly stand on your head-
Do you think, at your age, it is right ?"

"In my youth," Father William replied to his son,
I feared it might injure the brain;
But, now that I'm perfectly sure I have none,
Why, I do it again and again."

"You are old," said the youth, "as I mentioned
And have grown most uncommonly fat;
Yet you turned a back-somersault in at the door-
Pray, what is the reason of that ? "

"In my youth," said the sage, as he shook his grey
I kept all my limbs very supple
By the use of this ointment -one shilling the box-
Allow me to sell you a couple ?"

"You are old," said the youth, and your jaws are Advice
too weak from a
For anything tougher than suet; Cerlla
Yet you finished the goose, with the bones and the
Pray, how did you manage to do it ? "

"In my youth," said his father, I took to the law
And argued each case with my wife;
And the muscular strength, which it gave to my
Has lasted the rest of my life."

"You are old," said the youth, "one would hardly
That your eye was as steady as ever;
Yet you balanced an eel on the end of your nose-
What made you so awfully clever? "

"I have answered three questions, and that is
Said his father; don't give yourself airs !
Do you think I can listen all day to such stuff?
Be off, or I'll kick you down stairs!"

"That is not said right," said the Cater-
"Not quite right, I'm afraid," said Alice,

Advice timidly; some of the words have got
from a altered."
It is wrong from beginning to end," said
the Caterpillar, decidedly, and therewas silence
for some minutes.
The Caterpillar was the first to speak.
"What size do you want to be ?" it asked.
"Oh, I'm not particular as to size," Alice
hastily replied; "only one doesn't like chang-
ing so often, you know."
"I don't know," said the Caterpillar.
Alice said nothing: she had never been so
much contradicted in all her life before, and
she felt that she was losing her temper.
"Are you content now?" said the Cater-
Well, I should like to be a little larger, sir,
if you wouldn't mind," said Alice: "three
inches is such a wretched height to be."
It is a very good height indeed I" said
the Caterpillar angrily, rearing itself upright
as it spoke (it was exactly three inches high).
"But I'm not used to it!" pleaded poor
Alice in a piteous tone. And she thought to
herself, I wish the creatures wouldn't be so
easily offended I"

"You'll get used to it in time," said the Advice
Caterpillar; and it put its hookah into its f lla
mouth and began smoking again.
This time Alice waited patiently until it
chose to speak again. In a minute or two
the Caterpillar took the hookah out of its
mouth and yawned once or twice, and shook
itself. Then it got down off the mushroom,
and crawled away into the grass, merely re-
marking as it went, "One side will make you
grow taller, and the other side will make you
grow shorter."
"One side of what ? The other side of
what ? thought Alice to herself.
"Of the mushroom," said the Caterpillar,
just as if she had asked it aloud; and in
another moment it was out of sight.
Alice remained looking thoughtfully at the
mushroom for a minute, trying to make out
which were the two sides of it; and as it was
perfectly round, she found this a very difficult
question. However, at last she stretched
her arms round it as far as they would go,
and broke off a bit of the edge with each
"And now which is which?" she said to

Advice herself, and nibbled a little of the right-hand
rom a bit to try the effect: the next moment she felt
Caterpillar .
a violent blow underneath her chin: it had
struck her foot I
She was a good deal frightened by this very

sudden change, but she felt that there was no
time to be lost, as she was shrinking rapidly;
so she set to work at once to eat some of the
other bit. Her chin was pressed so closely
against her foot that there was hardly room
to open her mouth; but she did it at last, and
managed to swallow a morsel of the left-hand

"Come, my head's free at last! said Alice Advice
in a tone of delight, which changed into alarm fro ila
in another moment, when she found that her
shoulders were nowhere to be found: all she
could see, when she looked down, was an
immense length of neck, which seemed to rise
like a stalk out of a sea of green leaves that
lay far below her.
"What can all that green stuff be ?" said
Alice. "And where have my shoulders got
to? And oh, my poor hands, how is it I
can't see you ? She was moving them about
as she spoke, but no result seemed -to follow,
except a little shaking among the distant
green leaves.
As there seemed to be no chance of getting
her hands up to her head, she tried to get her
head down to them, and was delighted to find
that her neck would bend about easily in any
direction, like a serpent. She had just suc-
ceeded in curving it down into a graceful
zigzag, and was going to dive in among the
leaves, which she found to be nothing but
the tops of the trees under which she
had been wandering, when a sharp hiss
made her draw back in a hurry: a large

Advice pigeon had flown into her face, and was
from a beating her violently with its wings.
Serpent screamed the Pigeon.
"I'm not a serpent!" said Alice indig-
nantly. Let me alone "
"Serpent, I say again!" repeated the
Pigeon, but in a more subdued tone, and
added with a kind of a sob, I've tried every
way, and nothing seems to suit them I "
"I haven't the least idea what you're
talking about," said Alice.
"I've tried the roots of trees, and I've
tried banks, and I've tried hedges," the Pigeon
went on, without attending to her ; but those
serpents 1 There's no pleasing them "
Alice was more and more puzzled, but she
thought there was no use in saying anything
more till the Pigeon had finished.
"As if it wasn't trouble enough hatching
the eggs," said the Pigeon ; "but I must be
on the look-out for serpents night and day!
Why, I haven't had a wink of sleep these
three weeks "
I'm very sorry you've been annoyed,"
said Alice, who was beginning to see its


"And just as I'd taken the highest tree in Advice
the wood," continued the Pigeon, raising its erom a
voice to a shriek, and just as I was thinking
I should be free of them at last, they must
needs come wriggling down from the sky
Ugh, Serpent!"
But I'm not a serpent, I tell you said
Alice. ''I'm a- I'm a "
"Well I What are you ?" said the Pigeon.
"I can see you're trying to invent some-
thing I "
I-I'm a little girl," said Alice, rather
doubtfully, as she remembered the number of
changes she had gone through that day.
"A likely story indeed! said the Pigeon
in a tone of the deepest contempt. "I've
seen a good many little girls in my time, but
never one with such a neck as that I No, no I
You're a serpent; and there's no use denying
it. I suppose you'll be telling me next that
you never tasted an egg I "
I have tasted eggs, certainly," said Alice,
who was a very truthful child; "but little
girls eat eggs quite as much as serpents do,
you know."
I don't believe it," said the Pigeon ; "but

Advice if they do, why then they're a kind of serpent,
from a that's all I can say."
This was such a new idea to Alice, that
she was quite silent for a minute or two,
which gave the Pigeon the opportunity of
adding, "You're looking for eggs, I know
that well enough; and what does it matter
to me whether you're a little girl or a ser-
pent ?"
It matters a good deal to me," said Alice
hastily; but I'm not looking for eggs, as it
happens; and if I was, I shouldn't want
yours: I don't like them raw."
Well, be off, then I said the Pigeon in a
sulky tone, as it settled down again into its
nest. Alice crouched down among the trees
as well as she could, for her neck kept getting
entangled among the branches, and every
now and then she had to stop and untwist it.
After a while she remembered that she still
held the pieces of mushroom in her hands,
and she set to work very carefully, nibbling
first at one and then at the other, and grow-
ing sometimes taller and sometimes shorter,
until she had succeeded in bringing herself
down to her usual height.

It was so long since she had been anything Advice
near the right size, that it felt quite strange from a
at first; but she got used to it in a few
minutes, and began talking to herself, as
usual. "Come, there's half my plan done
now! How puzzling all these changes are !
I'm never sure what I'm going to be, from
one minute to another However, I've got
back to my right size: the next thing is, to
get into that beautiful garden-how is that
to be done, I wonder?" As she said this,
she came suddenly upon an open place, with
a little house in it about four feet high.
"Whoever lives there," thought Alice, "it'll
never do to come upon them this size: why,
I should frighten them out of their wits I "
So she began nibbling at the right-hand
bit again, and did not venture to go near the
house till she had brought herself down to
nine inches high.

Pig and 00 OR a minute or two she stood look-
Pepper ~ ing at the house, and wondering
what to do next, when suddenly a
footman in livery came running
out of the wood-(she considered him to be a
footman because he was in livery: otherwise,
judging by his face only, she would have
called him a fish) -and rapped loudly at the
door with his knuckles. It was opened by
another footman in livery, with a round face
and large eyes like a frog; and both footmen,
Alice noticed, had powdered hair that curled
all over their heads. She felt very curious
to know what it was all about, and crept a
little way out of the wood to listen.
The Fish-Footman began by producing
from under his arm a great letter, nearly
as large as himself, and this he handed over
to the other, saying, in a solemn tone, For

the Duchess. An invitation from the Queen Pi and
to play croquet." The Frog-Footman re- Pepper
peated, in the same solemn tone, only
changing the order of the words a little,
"From the Queen. An invitation for the
Duchess to play croquet."
Then they both bowed low, and their curls
got entangled together.
Alice laughed so much at this, that she
had to run back into the wood for fear of
their hearing her; and, when she next
peeped out, the Fish-Footman was gone,
and the other was sitting on the ground near
the door, staring stupidly up into the sky.
Alice went timidly up to the door and
"There's no use in knocking," said the
Footman, "and that for two reasons. First,
because I'm on the same side of the door as
you are; secondly, because they're making
such a noise inside, no one could possibly
hear you." And certainly there was a most
extraordinary noise going on within-a con-
stant howling and sneezing, and every now
and then a great crash, as if a dish or kettle
had been broken to pieces.

Pig and "Please, then," said Alice, "how am I to
Pepper get in?"
There might be some sense in your knock-
ing," the Footman went on without attending
to her, "if we had the door between us. For
instance, if you were inside, you might knock,
and I could let you out, you know." He was
looking up into the sky all the time he was
speaking, and this Alice thought decidedly
uncivil. But perhaps he can't help it," she
said to herself: "his eyes are so very nearly
at the top of his head. But at any rate he
might answer questions. How am I to get
in ? she repeated aloud.
"I shall sit here," the Footman remarked,
"till to-morrow-
At this moment the door of the house
opened, and a large plate came skimming
out, straight at the Footman's head : it just
grazed his nose, and broke to pieces against
one of the trees behind him.
"-- or next day, maybe," the Footman
continued in the same tone, exactly as if
nothing had happened.
How am I to get in? asked Alice again
in a louder tone.

Are you to get in at all ? said the Foot- Pig and
man. "That's the first question, you know." Pepper

It was, no doubt: only Alice did not
like to be told so. It's really dreadful,"
she muttered to herself, "the way all the

PiK and creatures argue. It's enough to drive one
Pepper crazy "
The Footman seemed to consider this a
good opportunity for repeating his remark,
with variations. "I shall sit here," he said,
"on and off, for days and days."
But what am I to do ?" said Alice.
"Anything you like," said the Footman,
and began whistling.
"Oh, there's no use in talking to him,"
said Alice desperately : "he's perfectly
idiotic I And she opened the door and
went in.
The door led right into a large kitchen,
which was full of smoke from one end to the
other: the Duchess was sitting on a three-
legged stool in the middle, nursing a baby,
the cook was leaning over the fire, stirring a
large cauldron which seemed to be full of
"There's certainly too much pepper in that
soup Alice said to herself, as well as she
could for sneezing.
There was certainly too much of it in the
air. Even the Duchess sneezed occasionally;
and the baby was sneezing and howling alter-

nately without a moment's pause. The only Pig and
things in the kitchen that did not sneeze, were Pepper
the cook, and a large cat which was sitting on
the hearth and grinning from ear to ear.
"Please would you tell me," said Alice a
little timidly, for she was not quite sure
whether it was good manners for her to speak
first, why your cat grins like that ?"
"It's a Cheshire cat,' said the Duchess,
"and that's why. Pig "
She said the last word with such sudden
violence that Alice quite jumped; but she saw
in another moment that it was addressed to
the baby, and not to her, so she took courage,
and went on again:
"I didn't know that Cheshire cats always
grinned; in fact, I didn't know that cats could
"They all can," said the Duchess; "and
most of 'em do."
I don't know of any that do," Alice said
very politely, feeling quite pleased to have got
into a conversation.
You don't know much," said the Duchess;
"and that's a fact."
Alice did not at all like the tone of this

Pig and remark, and thought it would be as well to
Pepper introduce some other subject of conversation.
While she was trying to fix on one, the cook
took the cauldron of soup off the fire, and at
once set to work throwing everything within
her reach at the Duchess and the baby-the
fire-irons came first; then followed a shower
of saucepans, plates, and dishes. The Duchess
took no notice of them even when they hit
her; and the baby was howling so much
already, that it was quite impossible to say
whether the blows hurt it or not.
"Oh, please mind what you're doing I"
cried Alice, jumping up and down in an
agony of terror. "Oh, there goes his precious
nose "; as an unusually large saucepan flew
close by it, and very nearly carried it off.
"If everybody minded their own business,"
the Duchess said in a hoarse growl, "the
world would go round a deal faster than it
"Which would not be an advantage," said
Alice, who felt very glad to get an opportunity
of showing off a little of her knowledge.
Just think what work it would make with
the day and night I You see the earth takes

An unusually large saucepan flew close by it, and
very nearly carried it off

p. I'

A3 -

I" 1.

3.--., *

twenty four hours to turn round on its Pig and
axis- Pepper
"Talking of axes," said the Duchess, "chop
off her head."
Alice glanced rather anxiously at the cook,
to see if she meant to take the hint; but the
cook was busily engaged in stirring the soup,
and did not seem to be listening, so she ven-
tured to go on again: "Twenty-four hours, I
think; or is it twelve ? I- "
Oh, don't bother me," said the Duchess;
"I never could abide figures And with that
she began nursing her child again, singing
a sort of lullaby to it as she did so, and giving
it a violent shake at the end of every line:

"Speak roughly to your little boy,
And beat him when he sneezes:
He only does it to annoy,
Because he knows it teases."

(In which the cook and the baby joined):
Wow! wow! wow I "

While the Duchess sang the second verse of
the song, she kept tossing the baby violently

Pig and up and down, and the poor little thing howled
Pepper so, that Alice could hardly hear the words:

I speak severely to my boy,
I beat him when he sneezes;
For he can thoroughly enjoy
The pepper when he pleases!"

"Wow! wow! wow!"

"Here! you may nurse it a bit if you like !"
the Duchess said to Alice, flinging the baby
at her as she spoke. "I must go and get
ready to play croquet with the Queen," and
she hurried out of the room. The cook threw
a frying-pan after her as she went out, but it
just missed her.
Alice caught the baby with some difficulty,
as it was a queer-shaped little creature, and
held out its arms and legs in all directions,
"just like a star-fish," thought Alice. The
poor little thing was snorting like a steam-
engine when she caught it, and kept doubling
itself up and straightening itself out again, so
that altogether, for the first minute or two, it
was as much as she could do to hold it.

As soon as she had made out the proper Pig and
way of nursing it, (which was to twist it up Pepper
into a knot, and then keep tight hold of its
right ear and left foot, so as to prevent its
undoing itself,) she carried it out into the
open air. "If I don't take this child away
with me," thought Alice, "they're sure to kill
it in a day or two: wouldn't it be murder to
leave it behind ?" She said the last words
out loud, and the little thing grunted in reply
(it had left off sneezing by this time). Don't
grunt," said Alice; "that's not at all a proper
way of expressing yourself."
The baby grunted again, and Alice looked
very anxiously into its face to see what was
the matter with it. There could be no doubt
that it had a very turn-up nose, much more
like a snout than a real nose; also its eyes
were getting extremely small for a baby: alto-
gether Alice did not like the look of the thing
at all. "But perhaps it was only sobbing,"
she thought, and looked into its eyes again,
to see if there were any tears.
No, there were no tears. "If you're going
to turn into a pig, my dear," said Alice,
seriously, I'll have nothing more to do

Pg: and with you. Mind now!" The poor little
Pepper thing sobbed again (or grunted, it was im-
possible to say which), and they went on
for some while in silence.
Alice was just beginning to think to her-
self, "Now, what am I to do with this
creature when I get it home?" when it
grunted again, so violently, that she looked
down into its face in some alarm. This time
there could be no mistake about it: it was
neither more nor less than a pig, and she felt
that it would be quite absurd for her to carry
it any further.
So she set the little creature down, and
felt quite relieved to see it trot quietly away
into the wood. "If it had grown up," she
said to herself, "it would have made a dread-
fully ugly child : but it makes rather a hand-
some pig, I think." And she began think-
ing over other children she knew, who might
do very well as pigs, and was just saying to
herself, "if one only knew the right way to
change them- when shewasa little startled
by seeing the Cheshire Cat sitting on a bough
of a tree a few yards off.
The Cat only grinned when it saw Alice.

It grunted again so violently that she looked down
into its face in some alarm


'" '

'" :

~. a~ 'IF ~i

h 1\' Iii'

: lee

;~ h\ leF"s~a~

I~C 'l~I~B~ILiYeKE~I


It looked good-natured, she thought: still it Pig and
had very long claws and a great many teeth, Pepper

so she felt that it ought to be treated with
"Cheshire Puss," she began, rather timidly,
as she did not at all know whether it would
like the name : however, it only grinned a little
wider. "Come, it's pleased so far," thought
Alice, and she went on. Would you tell me,
please, which way I ought to go from here ? "
That depends a good deal on where you
want to get to," said the Cat.

Pig and I don't much care where- said Alice.
Pepper "Then it doesn't matter which way you
go," said the Cat.
"- so long as I get somewhere," Alice
added as an explanation.
"Oh, you're sure to do that," said the
Cat, if you only walk long enough."
Alice felt that this could not be denied,
so she tried another question. What sort of
people live about here?"
"In that direction," the Cat said, waving
its right paw round, "lives a Hatter: and
in that direction," waving the other paw,
lives a March Hare. Visit either you like:
they're both mad."
"But I don't want to go among mad
people," Alice remarked.
"Oh, you can't help that," said the Cat:
we're all mad here. I'm mad. You're mad."
"How do you know I'm mad?" said
"You must be," said the Cat, "or you
wouldn't have come here."
Alice didn't think that proved it at all;
however, she went on. "And how do you
know that you're mad ?"