Leeward Islands gazette

Material Information

Leeward Islands gazette
Leeward Islands (West Indies)
Place of Publication:
Gov. Printing Office]
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
reels. : ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Leeward Islands (West Indies) ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
1- , 1872-
General Note:
Two pages per frame.
General Note:
Supplements, issued with some numbers, contain departmental reports, Meteorological registers, ordinances, statutory rules and orders, etc., of Antigua, St. Kitts and Nevis, Montserrat, and the British Virgin Islands.

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University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
001724221 ( ALEPH )
AJD6739 ( NOTIS )

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Antigua, Montserrat and Virgin Islands gazette

Full Text





It is notified for general information
that at a meeting of the Legislative
Council of the Virgin Islands held on
the 5th December, 1950, the Unofficial
Members elected Mr. ISAAC GLAN-
VILLE FONSECA to serve as an elective
member of the General Legislative
Colonial Secretary's Office.
Leeward Islands,
at Antigua.
20th December, 1950.

It is notified for general informa-
tion that the Governor has appointed
Puisne Judge of the Windward
Islands and Leeward Islands, to be a
Board of Inquiry under the provi-
sions of Section 8 of the Trade Dis-
putes (Arbitration & Inquiry) Act,
1939, to inquire into the dispute
between the Antigua Trades and
Labour Union, and Messrs. GEO. W.
BENNETT BRYSON & Co.. Ltd., regard-
ing the dismissal of Mr. DENFIELD

Administrator's Ofice,
19th December, 1950.

No. 129.
Appointments and transfers, etc.,
in the public service, with effect from
the dates stated, are published for
general iniormation:-
GREENAWAY, C. E., Senior Agricul-
tural Instructor. Agricultural De-
partment, Antigua, seconded as
Warden, Barbuda. Dec. 14

ANTIGUA, 30th November, 1950.
Notice is hereby given that there
will be sold on the premises in the
City of Saint John on Thursday the
21st day of December, 1950, at 12
o'clock noon, the lands and tenements
belonging to the persons hereafter

Harry Murphy.

3.J8. 73f??



Eliza J. Jeffrey, Ellen John, Na-
thaniel James, Heirs of James Thibou,
Francis Samuel, Alfred Simon, John
Matthew, William Punter, Est. of
Deman Benjamin.

Geo. H. Joseph, James B. Hart,
Thomas Martin, Samuel Sewer, Ade-
laide Simon, John Dowe, Sydney
Charles Ramsay. Elsena Ramsay,
Mary H. Joseph, Winifred Scotland,
Heirs of Daniel Peters, Eardley
Lindsay, Heirs of Hamilton.
George Henry, James King, Est. of
Adrian Thibou.
Alice M. King, Henrietta Graham,
Abraham Samuel.
Geo. Bennett Bryson.

Iola Alexander, George Samuel.

Heirs of Willock, Maurice Gardner.

Est. of Sarah James.

Alma Thibou, Laurel Foey, David
E. Daniel, Alice M. Higgins.
Agnes Mayhew, Francis Smith,
Cecil N. Davis.


Arthur Roberts, Joseph Thomas,
Viola Davis.
Heirs of Walters.
Nathaniel Grey.

O. St. A. Duke.
David E. Joseph.
Cox Coates, Heirs of Frederick
Agatha Louisa Jarvis.

The same having been levied upon
to satisfy the City Rate due thereon
for the year, 1950.

Provost Marshal.

ANTIGUA, 7th December, 1950.
Notice is hereby given that there
will be sold on the premises in the
City of Saint John on Thursday the
28th day of December, 1950, at 12
o'clock noon the Lands and tene-
ments belonging to the persons here-
after named.

Eliza Jeffery, James Lynch, Iris
Mussington, Lorna Francis, Doris
Ffloyd, Albertha Samuel.
Irene Blackett, Selina Billinghurst,
Peter Philip, Bertie Oliver, J. A.
Charity, Kenneth Murdoch, Rosalind
Morgan, John Lambert, Agatha
Sarah Colquhoun, Est. of John
Punter, Frances James, Geo. W.
Lynch, Edward Swift, Charles Isaac,
Charlotte Mathurin, Agatha Daniel.

Leslie Chambers, Elizabeth Robin-
son, Centilia Simon, James B. Hart,
Emily Mason, Ann Sophia Coull,
Heirs of Rev. Francis.

Heirs of Thos. Allaway (3).



[21 December, 1950.


Aimonetta H'id.


Br >wn Brothers, Hrs. of T. Alla-
way, Annie Sahaley.
As'lley James Kirwan.


Rarely N. Murrain, Constance
Hill, Elisha Challenger.

George Farley, Clarence Christian.

Elvina Edmund, George Richards,
Joseph Davis.

Elvina Edmund (2).

Joseph Davisl(2).

The same having been levied upon
to satisfy the City Rate due thereon
for the year 1950.
Provos.t Maarshal.

In the Supreme Court of the
Windward Islands and
Leeward Islands.

Notice is hereby given that in
pursuance of Rules made by the
Chief Justice under Section 16 of the
Windwnrd Islands and Leeward Is-
lands (Courts) Order in Council, 1939,
and duly approved as therein provided
on the 1 fth day of October, A.D. 1941,
His Hoinor the Acting Chief Justice
selected for the sitting of the Court in
the A\ n igua Circuit has appointed the
day ,o the month on which the ensu-
ing circuitt Court shall sit as follows,
that is to say:-

The Antigua Circuit on Wednesday
the 24th day of January, 1951, at 10
o'clock in the forenoon.

Dated the 14th day of December,

ANTIGUA, 14th December, 1950.

ITED, of Whitehall Road, Leeds,
England, have applied for Registration
of one Trade Mark consisting of the

in Class 47 that is to say "Common

Soap, detergents, starch, blue & other
preparations for laundry purposes."

The Applicants claim that the said
Trade Mark was not in use by any
other person or persons in the Colony
before the date of their said Applica-

Any person may within three
months from the date of the first
appearance of this Advertisement in
the Leeward Islands Gazette, give
notice in duplicate at the Trade
Marks Office, Antigua, of opposition
to registration of the said Trade Mark.
Registrar of Trade Marks.

ANTIGUA, 14th December, 1950.

Friars, London, E.C. 4, have applied
for Registration of one Trade Mark
consisting of the following:-


in Class 47 that is to say Common
Soap, detergents, starch, blue and
other preparations for laundry pur-

The Applicants claim that the said
Trade Mark was not in use by any
other person or persons in the Colony
before the date of their said Applica-

Any person may within three
months from the date of the first
appearance of this Advertisement in
the Leeward Islands Gazette, give
notice in duplicate at the Trade Marks
Office, Antigna, of opposition to regis-
tration of the said Trade Mark.
Registrar of Trade Marks.

Vacancies for post of Senior
Masters, Grammar School,

Applications are invited for two
vacant posts of Senior Master, Domi-
nica Grammar School. The school
roll at present numbers 150, and
courses will be offered up to the
Higher School Certificate examination
of Cambridge University.

for these two posts should hold a
University degree and be qualified to
teach (1) English, History, and Latin
and (2) Mathematics.

3. SALARY. The posts are pen-
sionable. The salary scale is $1920
by $120 to $2400. A cost of living
allowance of ten per cent of salary is
also payable. Consideration would
be given to appointing suitable appli-

cants at points in the scale conunen-
surate with their qu:dliication and

4. QUARTERS. Quarters are not

5. LEAVE. Leave is earned in
accordance with local regulations and
provision is made for assistance to-
wards overseas leave passages.

MENT. The officer's passage on first
appointment will be paid, as well as
that of his wife and children of school
age, not exceeding four, if they accom-
pany him or follow him within twelve
months from the date of his first

officer will be subject to Colonial
Regulations and local General Orders.

Applications stating the applicant's
age, qualifications and teaching ex-
perience, and indicating the earliest
date on which he could assume duty,
should be addressed to the Adminis-
trator, Dominica.
Education Officer.


JOHN'S, ON 23RD, 26TH & 30TH
ARY, 1951.

By virtue of the powers vested in
me under Section 78 (1) of The Vehi-
cles & Road Traffic Ordinance No .5
of 1946, I make the following Order:
No Traffic by wheeled vehicles
will be allowed along Market
Street, St. John's, between Tan-
ner and Newgate Streets from 12
o'clock noon to 12 o'clock midnight
on the 23rd, 26th & 30th December,
1950 and 1st January. 1951.

Wheeled traffic going East and
West will be allowed to cross
Market Street between the points
Commissioner of Police.
16th December, 1950.

Central Experiment Station,

1947. 1918. 1949. 1950.
January 3'97 2"82 1'50 5'41
February '57 '57 2'07 2"52
March "59 1 89 5"52 1'58
April '67 "59 354 244
May 3"34 ?'80 119' 2'06
June V 49 :3:8 335 1 66
July 2"97 137 2"10 1I85
August 2 50 2'29). 6i66 10"71
September 7'82 T79 10"92 6f34
October 4V28 8 69 585 5513
November -43 303 2'59 4-43
December 16th -09 2"35 1 53 2'28
28'72 33-62 47'61 4641


In the Supreme Court of the Windward Islands and

Leeward Islands.

A.D. 1950.

Notice is hereby given that His Honour the Acting Chief Justice has appointed the undermentioned dates
for sittings of the Court at which the following causes or matters will be heard:-


Nehemiah Joseph


Amelia Richards

Hugh Pratt Leonard Barnes
John Ireland &
Leonard Samuel
(as trustees of The Antigua Trades
& Labour Union)


4th January, 1951

8th January, 1951

Clement De Silva

The Antigna Distillery Ltd.

Calistus Joaquim

William Martin
(as executor of the will of Arthur
Dickenson, deceased)


W. L. McGuire

Lawrence Gonsalves

Dennis Dickenson



Stanley Walter

15th January, 1951

22nd January, 1951

22nd January, 1951


12th January, 1951

Dated this 21st day of December, 1950.


Statement of Assets and Liabilities as at 30th September, 1950.


To Balance at credit of Depositors as
at 30th September, 1950
Sale of Pass Books Account
Revenue Interest Account
Treasury Advance Account
Revenue & Expenditure Account

$ c.

... 3,331.74
... 978.94
... 57.92



By Investments Account
Reserve Account

Account of Deposits and Withdrawals for the quarter ended 30th September, 1950.


To Balance at Credit of Depositors as
at 30th September, 1950
Deposits received
Interest Credited to Depositors

$ c.



By Balance at credit of Depositors as
at 30th September, 1950 ... 633,331.74
Withdrawals ... 74,716.63


Acting Manager,
Antigua Savings Bank.
5th December, 1950.

Printed at the Government Printing Office, Leeward Islands, by E. M. BLACKMAN,
Government Printer.-By Authority.
(Price 4d. including Supplements.]

$ c.

... 638,162.22
... 13,326.67


21 December, 1950.]


Supplement to the Leeward Islands Gazette
Of Thursday, the 21st December, 1950.

ADDRESS by His Honour the Administrator at
a Meeting of The Legislative Council of
Antigua held on Thursday, 14th December,

Honourable Mlembeirs,
Once more the time has come round that in accordance
with custom I should review the state of Antigua. I shall not
waste your time by repeating what I said last year, though
most of it appears to me as appropriate now as it was then.
One matter to which I referred has received some attention
from the Government and even more from the public-the
deficit on the Municipal, Water, and Telephone Services. The
increase and re-assessment of the City Rate is estimated to have
increased the receipts from that tax by one-third or a little
more than half the estimated increase in the Municipal Expen-
diture for 1951. This increase in municipal taxes seems to
have caused more indignation than the increase in expenditure.
Now I have quite an open mind on the question whether taxes
in Antigua are as much as the people can bear. Isolated facts
supporting either view are easy to quote, but are not conclusive.
You cannot for instance take the revenue figure on the front
cover of the Estimates before you, divide it by the population,
and say that is the taxation per head. If that were the test,
the Treasurer and I could cook the figures to show a very
different result tomorrow. We could transfer the Self-Balan-
cing Itemns to an advance account and the Revenue would imme-
diately appear to be less than two million. Nor need our ingen-
uity stop there. Reimbursement, repayments of advances, rents,
Agricultural Department receipts and many other items of
revenue are not taxation. It is unfair on the other hand to
take as conclusive the argument that taxation in the U. K. is
so much higher per head than in Antigua, because there is no
doubt that the taxpayer in the U. K. receives more for his
taxes. He is not, as we are, continually confronted with cases
of personal distress for which the Government makes no provi-
sion and which those who can must relieve from their own
pocket. When he has paid his 15 or 20 a year for a
licence for his motor car and three shillings a gallon for his petrol
he can drive on roads which will not cost him so much for
repairs as we have to pay in Antigua. In assessing the weight
of taxation allowance must be made for all these things. It is
however clear that we must make a serious attempt to assess it.
If we find that it is indeed as much as we can bear we can then
accept such assistance as the United Kingdom will give us with
a good conscience. If it is not, we must bear our weight of
the burden. And in any case we must cut our expenditure as
near to our means as possible.
Meanwhile I am sorry to find that the Chairman of the
City Commissioners and I seem to have got a reputation as bad
as Cardinal MORTON in the history books or DAVID LLOYD
GEORGE in the days of my youth. Until recently I had no
idea we were such ogres. As you also share responsibility for
some of the fiscal acts of Government I will place the facts on
record. Since my arrival in Antigua we have increased the
postage on surface mail overseas letters. That was estimated
to bring in an additional $1,280. We have increased the
Cemetery Dues. That is estimated to bring in $1,700 In-
creased interest on peasants' loans should bring in about
$3,000. Finally this City Rate is estimated to bring in an
extra $8,000. All these increases amount to some $14,000.

During the same period we reduced the export duty on cotton
by a cent a pound thereby losing some $7,761.00 revenue this
year. There have been other minor concessions such as the
admission of gift parcels free of duty. On balance it seems
taxation may have been increased by less than 15 cents a head
of population. At the same time I have got myself as great
a reputation for parsimony as for rapacity. I plead guilty to
many efforts to cut out unnecessary, unproductive, and waste-
ful Government expenditure-even some expenditure which I
should like to undertake if we could afford it. I am not
ashamed that some of those economies have been small and
have been criticised as being trivial. Many small amounts
add up to a useful sum. I also make no apology for my
efforts to bring about a better appreciation on the part of public
officers of their duty to control expenditure within the amounts
which you have voted them. Unless this is done there can be
no hope of solvency in any government. Too much public
criticism assumes that money is unlimited and forgets that
increased Government activity must lead in Antigna as it has
everywhere else to increased taxation. But I must remind
some of my critics of the heavy expenditure that has been
authorized during my administration when it appeared to be
necessary. In 1948 an extra $44,000 was spent during the
early months for the reconstruction of roads. Later $33,000
was spent on the cleaning of ponds, 10,000 on the clearance
of land for cultivation and many other minor sums were spent
on works to provide for those who were suffering from the
drought. Loans to peasant farmers have been increased from
$24,000 in 1948 to $141,000-just six times the amount-in
1950. We are now spending $14,000 (two years water
revenue) on a Sedimentation Basin at Gray's Hill, which I hope
will improve the colour of our water. Expenditure on the
Hospital has increased by $13,000, that on the Leper Home
by more than a quarter. It was also an act of faith to pay
$1(5,900 for the Base, from which various; inhabitants of
Antigua have sucked no small advantage. Gentlemen, I am
astounded at my own extravagance. I must also rebut the
suggestion that is sometimes made that Government is econom-
ical only at the expense of the poor and humble. I am far
from satisfied with what we have done for them but you will
note that expenditure on Outdoor Pauper Relief has been
more than trebled, and that we have introduced both sick leave for
wages employees and ordinary leave to regular wages employ-
ees. Moreover increases of wages have preceded increases of
pay for Government Officers though I have been pressing for
the revision of the salaries of the latter for two years and it
appears that this is now imminent. When during my absence
on leave this year the Public Works Road Vote was premature-
ly exhausted I obtained authority to keep the regular gangs in
employment up to the end of the year and finally when the
hurricane hit us Government assistance to those whose homes,
food and clothing had been destroyed was prompt and
ungrudging-before we had any idea of the generous assistance
we should receive from neighboring countries and from the
Home Government. These increases could certainly not have
been made if I had not pruned other expenditure and, if a
recent article in one of the newspapers is correct they must have
so ruined my chances of promotion that you and I may have
to put up with each other until I am 55.

Nevertheless I think it is creditable that we survived the
drought, the labour troubles, and the closing of the American
Base without having to call for a grant-in-aid, without reducing
the general level of Government employment, and without a
cut in the salaries of Government officials such as I myself
experienced in 1931. The credit for this necessarily belongs
to more Government officials than I can name as well as to

The hurricanes have of course set back our economy and
the temporary employment they have given should not blind us
to this fact. Though so far as I have heard Antigua has not
actually received a grant-in-aid in this decade, the receipt of one
is now awaited and from the estimates before you clearly
unavoidable. The hurricanes have imposed one further delay
in the settlement of our development plan, which was on the
point of approval. If however good can be drawn out of every
evil there is one important matter from which we may hope to
see some good result. I have never before dared to refer in
public to the feature of Antigua which really shocked me most
profoundly on my arrival for the first time in the West Indies,
because I feared there would never be any possibility of doing
anything about it. I was appalled both by the size of houses in
which large families live, by the dilapidated condition of many
of them, and by the lack of ventilation at night in those which are
not dilapidated. If I do not share quite the horror that some
people in Antigua have for wattle and daub as a method of
construction it is largely because such houses are better ventilated
and because all the most insanitary and dangerous houses that I
have seen happen to have been wooden ones. I should much
like to see everybody housed in something a good deal better
than either. I fear that that wish is unlikely to be granted to
me, but there does seem now to be a reasonable hope that I may
see some thousands of people living in better houses than they
did when I arrived. As you know 1348 houses were utterly
destroyed in the two hurricanes. The assistance of the Home
Government has been asked to enable them to be replaced. We
do not yet know how great that assistance will be and therefore
how many of our people will be able to take advantage of it,
but I do not think it would be too much to hope that it will be
a substantial number. What further may be done depends, I
suggest, on the use we make of our opportunity. If we can
build a few hundred houses which will raise the standard in
Antigua I shall be much surprised if we do not find the means
to bring other houses up to the same standard. But if either
the merchants, the beneficiaries of the scheme, the craftsmen, or
those who are concerned with its administration prefer to make
it a racket out of which everybody makes some money for doing
nothing, Antigua will remain as it has been.

The future of this, as of everything else depends mainly on
Antiguans. I could damage it myself by indifference, or stupid-
ity but no amount of wisdom, energy, or supervision that is
humanly possible on my part is going to make a success of this
or any other scheme unless you Antiguans who carry it out have
the zeal, intelligence, and honesty to do so. Government is
alw;iys being blamed for not doing this or that, for not crating
secondary industries, for not repairing the roads, or not deliver-
ing the letters. But, (Gentlemen, secondary industries are not
created by the methods described in the first chapter of Genesis.
I cannot say Let there be a new Sugar Factory at Old Road "
and expect to see one there next day or even next year and,
seeing that it is good, say Let there be a Boot and Shoe Factory
in St. John's." Factories do not grow like cactus. They
require men of special skill to plan them. They require men of
another kind of skill to operate them. They require engineers,
chemists, accountants-not to mention money, raw materials and
markets. If these requirements are not perfectly combined they
will lose money and, if it is the Government that is running
them that means more taxes again to make good the loss. You
are already taxed to provide some people with telephones. You
are taxed to provide a rather larger number of people, but not
all of you with water. Do you wish to be further taxed to
maintain industries which business men do not believe will pay?
I am far from satisfied that our business men have shown all
the enterprise they should. I hope the Economic and Financial
Adviser, if he is appointed, may advise us on this, but it is quite

unpractical to suggest that a Government which already finds
its own machinery more than it can manage should attempt to
set up and manage new industries.

I have naturally been wondering ever since I have been here
why it is that this machine of Government works so badly and I
have not failed to observe that my own office does not set the
example it should in spite of the fact that I have in it a number
of able and hard-working officers and that it always appears to
be a hive of activity. I think the causes are so many that they do
not admit of instantaneous solution. There are the complexities
of our constitution which on the one hand require us to meet
here and give three readings to bills about radio-active minerals
and on the other hand require me to write a letter to the Colonial
Secretary if it is necessary to alter the rates of air mail postage
from Antigua to Curacao. There is the correspondence regard-
ing individual officers that arises from the absence of sufficient
general orders regulating their affairs and from the disregard in
the past of such orders as there are. There are other defects of
method and internal organisation, some of which have been put
right. But there is one defect which seems to me to prevade
all Antigua and from which Government officials are not exempt.
I would call it the negative attitude. Too many seem to be
quite pleased with themselves so long as they have a good
reason for not doing anything and can lay the blame at some-
body else's door. I should like both Government officials and
others to reflect that the object of their existence is to get
things done, not to get somebody else to do them-still less to
hinder other people from doing things. On thinking over
some of what 1 have said to you I almost wonder whether I am
not infected with this disease myself. May we all make a new
resolution for the half century which will begin in a fortnight?
Let us resolve that in 1951 at least each one of us will do
nothing to hinder any man who is doing any job that will con-
tribute to the increase of wealth in Antigua and that each one of us
will try to see that a few men have productive work who did
not have it before. If I am to carry out this resolution myself
I am afraid I shall have to devote rather less time to interviews
with individuals who have personal complaints. In doing this
I shall be breaking a life-long rule that I would not refuse any
man his say. Here unfortunately I find that two great a por-
tion of my time is devoted to dealing with matters that should
be disposed of by the various departments-often by the Village
Councils or by members of my staff. I cannot combine the role
of the Oriental Monarch who

Like Allah sees and heareth all "

with that of the modern civil servant who must organise and
plan for the benefit of all. I shall continue to read anything
that is written to me, but I cannot undertake to discuss every-
thing with the writer nor to grant an interview to everybody who
asks for one. What" the people of Antigua may ask will
you do in 1951 to provide work for those who did not have it
before if we mind our own business and allow you to mind
yours? I reply first that I shall get on more quickly with
whatever arrangements can be made about housing, and second-
ly that in my belief there is only one secondary industry in
Antigua that has any hope of making a substantial difference to
the state of this people. Most countries have something to
offer that others ha~:e not. England has clothing and manu-
factures; Brazil has coffee; France has wine; Trinidad has
asphalt and calypsos; Antigua has a climate, sea water, and
beaches which I defy any place in the world to rival. It is
wrong that we have been unable to exploit them. Any disad-
vantages of communication are due only to the lack of enough
places for people to stay and I would ask anybody who has
capital available in Antigua to think that over. Our main

secondary industry should be tourism. Whatever Barbados
has, we have better, except roads and, I am told, cooking,
(though personally I have eaten better in Antigua than Barbados).
I have not vet had time to study how we are to establish this
industry. But 1 believe it can be done; not, as I said before
by me or by Goveannent but by Antiguans, if they will think
up the means of doing it instead of the reasons for not doing it,
and if other Antiguans do not sabotage their efforts. This
island can be either Heaven or Hell-not as I like, but as you
make it. If it become the latter,

The fault, Dear Brutus, is not in our stars,
But in ourselves. "

There is at the moment a representative of the Leeward Islands
attending the meeting of the Caribbean Interim Tourism Com-
mittee at Puerto Itico. As soon as I have the report of that I
hope to convene our own tourist committee and consider what
we should do. Results can hardly be (uick, but I believe they
might be lasting. I realise that I am not the first person who
has thought of tourism as an industry for Antigua and that
where others have failed there is no particular reason to
suppose' that I shall succeed. I have already failed once
myself, when I tried to persuade Butlins to come here. In
view of results in the Bahamas perhaps it was just as well.
I therefore make no promises. But there is more hope of
achieving something if we concentrate on one thing. If any-
body else has ideas of something else to improve Antigua they
can count on my sympathy and encouragement, but not on my
doing it for them.

The Estimates that will be laid before you provide only a
couple of hundred pounds to further my hopes. That is about
the only increase that represents any development or improve-
ment in the Presidency. Every other form of expenditure is
pruned to the minimum and the programme as a whole can
raise no enthusiasm in any of us. But from time to time it is
given to men to rise superior to their fortune and I believe that
if we can cultivate a more practical attitude of mind-one which
recognizes our own limitations and understands those of others-
we may yet create an Antigua which will be fitted for the
greater constitutional responsibilities that will soon be placed
upon it.

ADDRESS by the Honourable the First Elected Member of
the Antigua Legislative Council, at a Meeting held on
Thursday, 14th December, 1950.

Your Honour:

We have to reply to you for your speech that you have delivered
to the Council. It is evident that the preparation of the speech pro-
vided an opportunity for you to review the many pleas, suggestions
and programmes that have been submitted by Unofficials from time to
time, and also the various schemes that have been prepared by Govern-
ment. I am sure also that Your Honour was not unmindful of the
many developmental efforts that are being made in other territories of
the Caribbean, and even farther afield.

Budget speeches are generally summaries of programmes, efforts at
implementations, and records of both accomplishments and of failures.
We have also become accustomed to look for points into these speeches
of what may be future plans and policies. I note you have touched on the
economic, social and political problems and progress in the Presidency.

We share with Your Honour the view that only a start has been
made to bring this Presidency in line with the more progressive terri-
tories of the Caribbean. Along with the arrangement for appointing
an Economic Adviser, provision in the new constitution for setting up
an Economic Development Committee of the Legislative Council, and
the promulgating of the Pioneer Industries Bill, we appreciate the
substantial sums provided for the Agricultural and Industlial loan
schemes, the improved marketing facilities, and the start made in
providing industrial training to local personnel evidenced by the
Scholarship granted for training some one in the pottery industry.
We hope to see a continuation of this policy in order to provide the
technical nucleus that is required if ever we are to reach anywhere in
the industrial field. We hope that as obtains in other colonies, the
Economic Adviser and the Economic Development Committee of the
Legislative Council will be allowed to assist Government in putting
method in our programme of development, arrange for our potentiali-
ties to be made known to local and overseas investors, and seek
provision for the ability of Imperial and International credits and

Before leaving the economic phase of your speech, I must say that
I hope the embrace given the Chairman of the City Commissioners will
cause the calling off of the agents who have been sent around with
message that increase in taxes are the result of putting labour leaders
in Council. I hope while mentioning division of revenue on the front
page of our estimates you did not forget that the figures quoted as
showing Antiguans paying the highest taxes in these parts and the
information coming from the Secretary of State have never been
challenged and thereby still stand.

Like your Honour we are aware that Secondary Industries cannot
come as cr-ation is recorded in Genesis: but I hope Your Hon-mur will
learn some day that the industries started in Dominica did not come
from Genesis, nor did the Economical Development Commission going
to St. Lucia to advise on the potentialities of that colony in order that
funds can be had from Imperial sources for their economic develop-
ment. I hope also that even though it may be felt that British tax
payers money are too precious to lend for the development of Antigua
it will be borne in mind that Trinidad sent her Economic Adviser to
the United States, and today large sums are being invested in that
colony. Further more Jamaica has received Marshall Aid and technical
help from the United Nations.

At this stage, it seems very necessary that we should be reminded
that United Nations agents have just stated at Curacao that they are
prepared to give assistance for economic developments in these parts.
I hope it will not be forgotten that we have recorded th:t at the
Caribbean Commission recently held in Curacao it was claimed
Governments of the colonies have informed them there is no delay in
economic development due to the lack of finance. It seem therefore
that taxation and grants from His Majesty's Government are not the
only sources as Your Honour seems to want us to believe. I wish we
could all see that what is wanted is a look at the revelations that with
a little vision here, what is done elsewhere is not beyond Antigua.

I note Your Honour's concern that industries not run by Private
Capital may lose money. I wonder if we are to understand Your
Honour is advising that the $26,000 surplus made from cotton since

this industry is not run by Private Capital will be paid out to
those who grew the cotton. In respect to your remarks about
industries run by boards like the industrial boards in England,
as we have never asked for Government Departments to run
industries I Ihope Your Honour (id not mean to be insultive to His
M.i '- '-, Government in England. Socialist though it may be. After
all the British are the ones who set the example we are trying to follow.
Lastly, before proceeding further, I hope your Honour is not saying
that the 5/- given to none established Government Workers is prior
adequate consideration when substantial increases will be given to
those whom we are told find it hard to live on 600 or 800( or 1000
a year.

Along the social lines, we welcome the help given by the Sugar
Welfare Committee in improving the standard of housing among
workers. This effort however, can never get near solving the destruc-
tion caused by the recent Hurricanes. We therefore hope that the
housing programme promised with the help of His Majesty's Govern-
ment will be introduced in the very near future so that the sufferings
and inconveniences now sustained by the hurricane victims, will be
We note the references to the Education Policy Report and the
further sums provided for Education. We regard the sums as expen-
diture incurred along the right lines. We hope that Governmelnt will
bear in mind the fact that the fees charged by Secondary Schools in
the Presidency are among the highest in the Caribbean Area.

We are aware of Govenments cognisance of the need for improving
the health services of the Presidency. We appreciate the fact that
Doctors residences are being built in the country districts, and hope
that we will soon be able to record that no sick in the Presidency need
go unattended because of the inability to pay the required fees. The
reconstruction of the Hospital is a great concern to every citizen, and
lest our past disappointments repeat themselves, we urge that as this is
sure to be a high priority in our ten year plan, approval should be
sought for work to continue.

We presnme that the right boring equipment is now at Christian
Valley and that some progress will be made there as we are awaiting
results there to know what further steps should be taken to ensure an
adequate water supply. We are hoping for a speedy utilization of the
electric current now going to waste at the Base and that it will be made
possible for the Central Housing Authority to proceed with the slum
clearance programme in the New Street and similar areas.

With respect to politics, we wish to thank Government for heed-
ing the cries of the people and agreeing to improve our Constitution in
a manner that will afford a clear majority of elected members in the
L-gislative Council. We are glad that in increasing the representation
of elected members in tlhe Executive Council and the removal of the
property and income qualifications formerly required of voters and
candidates alike Government have decided to give the people their
confildeince. We feel sure that the people of the Presidency will rise to
the occ:.iion and prove the wisdom of this gesture.

W, share Your Honour's regret that the finances of the Presidency
are not in a more solvent position. But this we realise is a common
feature even farther afield. In each instance, adverse conditions have
been corrected by broadening the basis of the economy, by wise
retrenchment policies, and by proper taxation methods. We feel that
the people of this Presidency are not less responsible nor less able to
face up to andl solve their problems provided that it is borne in mind
that the loaf of the Presidency must be equitably divided.

In referring to constant insinuations for those who are supposed to
be troublers of the waters, I must say, that I join with those who long
for a state of peace and harmony and co-operation as the basis of citizen
relationships in the community. It seems however, that this state does
not come by words alone. Besides this, examples in the democratic
world in which tranquility exists seems rather scarce. We are told
that in the Communistic state what peace their is exists through fear
and lack of freedom. I notice in territories like South Africa there is
silence among the masses, but we know that this is at best the fruits of
a fascist oppression. In America we look to the press and the debates
of Legislators with the sharp differences of opinion, constant clashing
of ideas and carping of Government and we are told that what we see
and hear is democracy at work. In Britain we find a large section of
the press with little awe for the men of White Hall; and at Hyde Park
we find that there seems to be much more democracy for us to learn.
In Westminister we look for the tranquility talked about and wonder
if this is to be found in the harangue and tactics of the Conservative
opposition or the efforts of the Labour back benchers.

At the Amsterdam Conference of Church Leaders, where the
Archbishop of Canterbury and other religious leaders of the Christian
Church conferred, we are told that the false assumptions of Capitalism
and its failure to administer justice generate the very desension and
sectionalism we hear so often condemned. As we were also told by
these leaders that it is the responsibility of Christians to seek new
creative solutions which will never allow either justice or freedom to
be destroyed and thereby get the peace and co-operation for which we
yearn, I hope that Government will at all times allow the welfare of
the people to become the deciding factor in determining all Govern-
ment policies and not the avarice and prejudice of a few.

Before closing I wish to remind Your Honour and thereby the
whole house that the constant impatience and abhorrence displayed by
some members when the affairs of the country are debated in a manner
similar to the customs of democracy, can only lead to the impression
that there is still a longing for return to the Good Old Days when
decisions were for the social tables and closeted rooms instead of in
the hearing of the people as the open forum provides on this floor. I
hope that the troubled will soon become reconciled and that Your
Honour by your rulings will at all times give cause for no feeling that
the wish of a few decide the procedure of this house instead of the
Standing Rules and Orders.

I want again to thank Your Honour for your speech and hope for
more vision, so you can continue to lead Antigua into the parts of
freedom and justice, the result of which I am sure will be the con-
tentment and tranquility which we all claim is the goal we seek.

Printed at the Government Printing Office, Leeward Islands,
by E. M. BLACKMAN, Government Printer.-By Authority.
[Price 2d.]

b ~

Supplement to the Leeward Islands Gazette

Of Thursday the 21st of December, 1950.

REPLY of Unofficial Members to His Excel-
lency's speech on the Opening of The General
Legislative Council held at Antigua on 12th
December, 1950.

The Unofficial Members endorse Your Excellency's expres-
sion of welcome to the elected member of the Virgin Islands,
and wish to congratulate the Virgin Islands on having regained
their Legislative Council after so many years. We hope that
this restitution of its ancient liberties is only a first stage in the
constitutional advancement of this Presidency, and that in the
not too distant future progress in line with that of the other
Presidencies will be realized.
We share Your Excellency's optimism with regard to the
future development of the several Presidencies of the Colony.
Perhaps, more than it is at present realized, defederalization
will help in the realization of our hopes for the future. We
appreciate what has been achieved in this connection to date.
Much more can be accomplished. The extent to which
defederalization should go, in our opinion, should only be limited
by the efficiency, in the light of experience, of whatever new
association, if any, comes into existence.
It is to be regretted, however, that no mention was made
in Your Excellency's address of a staple industry and general
agricultural development for the island of Nevis. From time
to time requests have been made in this very Council for such
an industry. We hope that Government is paying attention
to this crying need if the economy of that island is to be
restored. We feel that much economic progress can be
achieved if agriculture is developed in the light of recent
research and with the assistance of adequate capital to be
obtained from the Colonial Development Corporation, or any
other available source.
We note, not without some degree of satisfaction, that the
Secretary of State for the Colonies has at long last agreed to
grant some measure of the Constitutional Reform long demand-
ed by the Presidential Legislatures of the Colony. Although the
proposed changes do not represent the total demands of the
Councils. we are prepared to accept them as a stepping stone.
We wish it to he clearly understood that tile proposed changes
will have to be made before the next general election in the
three presidencies.
The members from St. Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla
feel that no change is necessary with respect to the electoral
districts in that Presidency. The present arrangement whereby
Nevis, Anguilla and St. Christopher form three separate elec-
toral districts is working satisfactorily.
We welcome the interest shown by Government in the
establishment of secondary industries. It is to be hoped that
the forthcoming expert advice will enable Government to take
positive action in the establishment of secondary industries
such as the manufacture of paper and cardboard from bagasse,
and the recovery of sugar cane wax from sugar wastes.
In so far as amendment of the Workmen's Compensation
Act is concerned we regret that Government has not seen fit to
accept the recommendations of the Committee as expressed in
the Draft Bill. It seems th us that the proper and expeditious
thing to do now is to have this Bill revised and brought up to

--- .a


date by the Honourable and Learned Attorney General and pre-
sented at the next meeting of the Council, as this matter has
been pending since the year 1946.

We are not aware of the new and evil trend in race rela-
tions mentioned by Your Excellency. You must be aware, Sir,
of the historical background for race prejudice. If blame is
to be assigned for its continuance in this twentieth century, we
cannot leave out of consideration the fact that there are still
many persons with white skins who are reluctant to accord to
men with black skins their rightful place in a mixed conmmu-
nity-basing that reluctance merely on their pigmentation.
The West Indies must be made a place where merit and
character alone determine a man's rightful position in the
Two of our number have recently returned from the
Caribbean Conference at Curacao, where the general agricul-
tural problems of the area were the subject of discussion.
They returned with a realization that in this and other connec-
tions the future is full of promise.

To realize this, work has to be done by us all to bring
our needs into sharp focus and to cooperate in seeing that the
recommendations made are implemented. We as unofficial
representatives are willing to cooperate to the fullest extent.
Let us face 1951 with courage and resolution, determined to
bring about all beneficial changes which the future demands.

Tomorrow to fresh fields and pastures new.

Printed at the Government Printing Office. Leeward Islands,
by E. M. BLACKMAN, Government Printer.-By Authority.
[Price Id.]