Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Editorial: Acquiring pre-stamp...
 Correspondence with Canada
 Mute FPO cancels of World...
 Postage stamps of the Zemstvos
 A dot and numeral dilemma
 Additions to the K. K. Schmidt...
 The special pictorial Leningrad-Berlin...
 An enigmatic cover
 More about the first Latvian Soviet...
 Lithuanian philatelic news
 Oval railway postmarks
 The Feketes of the Carpatho-Uk...
 Philatelic shorts
 Review of literature
 The journal fund
 The collectors' corner

Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/00028
 Material Information
Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
Series Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Canadian Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: Canadian Society of Russian Philately
Place of Publication: Toronto
Subject: Stamp collections -- Russia   ( lcsh )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076781
Volume ID: VID00028
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


This item has the following downloads:

00028 ( PDF )

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Editorial: Acquiring pre-stamp and stampless material
        Page 2
    Correspondence with Canada
        Page 3
    Mute FPO cancels of World War II
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Postage stamps of the Zemstvos
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
    A dot and numeral dilemma
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Additions to the K. K. Schmidt Zemstvo catalogue, 1934 edition
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
    The special pictorial Leningrad-Berlin airmail cancellation
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
    An enigmatic cover
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
    More about the first Latvian Soviet Republic in 1919
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
    Lithuanian philatelic news
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
    Oval railway postmarks
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
    The Feketes of the Carpatho-Ukraine
        Page 68
        Page 69
    Philatelic shorts
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
    Review of literature
        Page 77
        Page 78
    The journal fund
        Page 79
    The collectors' corner
        Page 80
Full Text

Printed In Canodc


P.O. BOX 5722 Station'A', TORONTO,

June 1991.


2 Editorial: Acquiring Pre-Stamp and
Stampless Material
3 Correspondence with Canada
4 Mute FPO Cancels of World War II
8 Postage Stamps of the Zemstvos
18 A Dot and Numeral Dilemma
20 Additions to the K.K. Schmidt Zemstvo
Catalogue, 1934 Edition
26 The Special Pictorial Leningrad-Berlin
Airmail Cancellation
37 An Enigmatic Cover
40 More about the First Latvian Soviet
Republic in 1919
44 Lithuanian Philatelic News
58 Oval Railway Postmarks
68 The Feketes of the Carpatho-Ukraine
70 Philatelic Shorts
77 Review of Literature
79 Journal Fund
80 The Collectors' Corner

Allan L. Steinhart
Dr.P.A. Michalove
Alex Artuchov
Alex Artuchov
G.G. Werbizky

Robert Taylor

Alexander Epstein
Robert Taylor and
Andrew Cronin
Vygintas Bubnys
Rev. L.L. Tann
Andrew Cronin

COORDINATORS OF THE SOCIETY: Alex Artuchov, Publisher & Treasurer
P.J. Campbell, Secretary
Andrew Cronin, Editor
Rev.L.L. Tann, CSRP Representative in
the United Kingdom.
The Society gratefully thanks its contributors for helping to make
this an interesting issue.
( 1991. Copyright by The Canadian Society of Russian Philately. All
rights reserved. All the contents in this issue are copyright an=
permission must be obtained from the CSRP before reproducing.
Readers are reminded that all coordinators of the Society are fully
engaged in earning their livings and thus do not have the time to
swer individual requests or queries. Please bear with us!
The views expressed in the articles contained in this issue of
"The Post-Rider" are those of the respective authors and not
necessarily those of the Society or its coordinators.


5 '- -- -




i-H rI
^S? y /-^ ih ^ "^ -'*'^

tP4J 4--
S I Outer
0r4 > half


One of the pleasant philatelic consequences in this age of "glasnost'"
has been the more frequent availability of pre-stamp and stampless
(official) correspondence in our spheres of collecting. All this
material has been leaking out of state, local and church archives for
some years past and has considerably extended our knowledge of the pre-
philatelic markings of, notably, the Carpatho- and Western Ukraine in
the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and the Baltic provinces of the Russian

It mainly began in an interesting way. In the pre-stamp era when
envelopes had not yet been thought of, a potential letter writer would
take a sheet of paper of roughly A4 (legal) size and initially fold it
vertically in half. Both sides of the inner half could be used for the
text of the letter and, after further vertical and horizontal folds, the
outer half would contain on the front the address and also receive all
the postal markings and notations (see the diagram above at top right).
Postal historians were then often able to convince the state, local and
church archivists that all the latter needed for the historical record
was the written texts. The letters would thus have been split down the
original vertical folds, with the philatelists getting the outer halves
or "letter shells" which contained all the postal data. It is for this
reason that entire items are not easily found, but that is no cause for
denigrating the philatelic value of the letter shells, as they are often
the only source of many postal markings and usages.

Many of the items which have been "liberated" from the archives are in
the category of official mail, bearing the relevant handwritten or
printed designations, together with special seals or wafers on the backs.
Such seals and wafers are also of postal significance, as they could be
classified as free franks. That opens up a whole new field of study,
which we will take up in a future issue of "The Post-Rider".

It is important to note here that the supply of all this pre-stamp and
stampless material is finite. Once all the state, local and church
archives have been, uh, thoroughly gutted, there will be no more such
items on hand. In other words, now is the time to buy, while prices are
still reasonable.

And so, once again mixing our metaphors, let us remember, dear children,
that a bird in the hand is better than pie in the sky!



feature of this journal. Anyone having
interesting Russian mail to Canada is
invited to share it with our readers, B
by forwarding a photograph or xerox KAHA
copy of the item, along with some
explanatory text to the Editor.


by Allan L. Steinhart

As stated previously, the appearance of Russia No.1 at the end of 1857
was intended for internal mail. Letters going abroad still had to be
paid for in cash. A recent acquisition shown on the previous page is the
only item now recorded of stampless mail going from the Russian Empire
to an island colony of the British Empire, which is currently a
province of Canada.

The envelope has been endorsed "franco" (= prepaid) and "via London" at
top front. The handwritten number "10" in red ink on the front may refer
to the Russian internal rate of 10 kop. per lot. We see on the back the
characteristic rhomboid port marking in black, reading ST PETERSBOURG
and dated 1858/III/29, i.e. 29 March 1858 O.S. or 10 April N.S. We also
notice at top left on the back the Prussian split rate designation "9/3"
and, on the front,at left, a handwritten abbreviation "fr" in blue,
presumably applied by the Prussians. They also added on the front a "P."
in a circle, struck in red and meaning "paye" or "paid". It was applied
at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen in Prussia) on mail going to Great Britain.
It is listed under No.405 by Feuser & Munzberg in their book "Deutsche
Vorphilatelie", Supplement of 1990 and published in Stuttgart. Looking
again at the back, we notice in red the three-line TPO/RPO marking,
reading "Coeln./16.4./Verviers." (Cologne in Prussia to Verviers in
Belgium, 16 April).

Turning now to the front, there is a "LONDON DA PAID" split circle
marking in red at right, dated AP 19/58 and, at left in grey ink, a
handwritten notation "ld" = one penny fee while in transit in England,
to arrive the next day at the Liverpool Packet Office (see the octagonal
marking in black, reading "L/AP 20/A").

Upon consulting the work "North Atlantic Mail Sailings 1840-1875" by
Walter Hubbard & Richard'F. Winter, published by the U.S. Philatelic
Classics Society, it can be determined that the letter left on the 59th.
voyage of the British Cunard steamer "Europa" from Liverpool on 24th.
April 1858, to arrive in Halifax, Nova Scotia on 4th. May. It took four
days to get from there to the final destination in Charlottetown on 8th.
May (see the arrival marking on the back).

We thus have an example of a stampless letter sent from the capital city
of one empire to a remote colony of another empire!


by Dr. Peter A. Michalove

After the German invasion of June 1941, the Soviets introduced circular
field post datestamps, giving the military unit number, along with the
text nJT]EBAR nO4TA (field post). The numbers on these FPO cancels
routinely agree with the FPO number of the manuscript return address, as
shown in Fig. 1 from FPO 262 to Sochi. The card was mailed on 9 Jan.1942.

As of April 1943, the field post office system was reorganised. All FPO
and censor numbers were standardised at five digits (the earlier numbers
had been smaller) and a new set of cancels was issued without the FPO
number. This was presumably done to enhance security, but since writers
continued to include the FPO number in their return addresses, it is
hard to see what was gained by the new cancels. Fig. 2, mailed on 7 June
1944 from FPO 74022-N, illustrates the new cancels.

-- si c

.. ^^ \. A :^ S :b"*^j*
'CIuepflr,:wAntw n JiiM ~ niyahrifaju 'v ': ; 1
~~~ \. ,4 '* ''
.^ ^ N- '*' '.

*. '- ^ i- t e

iPaHOH, ce.o HIH sepC

..... ..... ...... -. .......ua, a" ".i.p

.. ,nol.po6a oe HaiejoanHIaC la- B-p.Ca

S............. ............
7 ldrcssI
de I ur

T7 '^K

A I I,

I a o. soiHMe Fi .. 4
Amsnwrpu AOHmccoro. : 'aAm. n ... A ACTP S
Sfla cr aA.eK- .'._ ,
.. S.,-.,iC,,poo 1
." ,,C u~x :. ,,, ,, ,.,,,, o i.- .

Fiq. 3.

Collectors cannot help recalling the mostly civilian mute cancels of
World War I, which often appeared on covers with pre-printed return
addresses, or even alongside cancels that indicated the place of
origin. Covers like that are a boon to philatelists trying to identify
the mutes, but they contributed little to the intended secrecy.

Returning to the 1943 period, the instructions introducing the mute FPO
cancels must have been emphatic, as I have never seen cancels
indicating the FPO number after March 1943. The new style cancels may
have been distributed beforehand to be ready for use on 1 April, but
what did the field postmasters do in the inevitable cases when a new
cancel was lost or could not be delivered in time? They improvised.

Fig. 3 shows a postcard mailed on 25 April 1943, shortly after the
introduction of the new cancels. The return address is FPO 13297-V (a
five-digit number, as we would expect), but the new style datestamps
must not have been available. The field postmaster cancelled the card
with an older cancel and obliterated the FPO number in ink. There
appears to have been less concern about replacing censor marks with
the new five-digit numbers. This card shows a strike of censor No.130
and I have seen other examples of the older type (with fewer then five
digits), used as late as September 1943.

Fig. 4 shows a different solution to the problem. Not only the FPO
number, but the text nOJEBAR IDOTA has been excised from the cancel,
producing a true mute cancel. A solid slug has been fitted into the
month position of the datestamp, but the internal date in the message
shows that it was from 26 May 1943. The unit shown in the manuscript
return address is FPO 59956-Zh. The card also shows the earlier type of
censor, in this case No.31. In addition, there is an intriguing circled
number 844, which may be a censor control mark, possibly indicating
review by a supervisor.

Fig. 5 shows a less extreme approach. Here, only the FPO number has
been cut away, but that has been done rather crudely, leaving
conspicuous traces of the original number. The return address tells us
that the cover was from FPO 30669. Dated 24 August 1944, this is a
rather late example of the practice; the censor number, 07536, is of
the later five-digit type. I recently saw a similar usage, with only
the FPO number excised, from November 1943.

The most common cancels of this period look like Fig.6, in which the
words nOJEBAR nOHTA are placed asymetrically around the perimeter of
the cancel. While this might suggest that a number was originally
placed in the awkward blank space to the lower right area, that does
not appear to have been the case. Examples of this type of cancel with
no evidence of tampering are so common that it appears this is just
the way the cancel was designed.

And, finally, Fig. 7 is a very late example of an excised FPO number.
A view card from occupied Vienna, this card was mailed on 18 December
1945 to Leningrad. The cancel reads nOJEBAR nOqTA No. and only the
number has been removed. The return address shows that it is from
FPO 75772-M.


I ....... ........
T eT `~ --

...S.r .............

A dp e r .... ......:. i `

Wien. Donaukanal 4eC cr

e, A
.0 Pqir".
LA .;-~.. .i~'.C:.- i.'

Cr -

'~-s uAD~ o ix,
~: T J ~irl. IonnuY, t7 a-~
C, IA p t
A -J- P--- Fe;' do C, f; fazt joi f

by Alex Artuchov
-continued from No. 27-
2. 2 kop. blue 2.00

Type 1 The two triangles in blue at the bottom of the stamp are
not connected, the line which connect them is broken, the
tail at the top of the letter R is curved, bumpy outline
of circle below the letter .
Type 2 Tiny dot under letter E of 3EMCKA straight tail over
letter R .
Type 3 Tail over letter R is missing, left vertical stroke of
letter q of OqIIA has a ball on the tip.

Type 1. Type 2

A Type 3.

Similar to previous editions, with a dot on the sides, damaged
circle on the left bottom side, white paper 0.06 mm thick, shiny
white gum, sheet of 7 x 10 with a transfer block of 2 x 2 and 4
types, imperforate but part of stock was poorly perforated 11.75
in 1902 with imperforate sheet margins.

3. 2 kop. blue, dark blue 0.75

4. 2 kop. dark blue (1902) 5.00


1 212 1 21
3 4 3 4 3 4 3
1 2 12 1 22
3 4 3 4 3 4 4
1 2 12 1 22
3 4 3 4 3 4 4
1 2 1 2 1 2 2
3 4 34 3 4 4
1 2 1 2 1 2 1
83 4 3 4 3 4 3

There are minor marks which make the identification of the types
rather simple. Types 1 and 4 have three circular outlines (fig. 1)
while types 2 and 3 have only two (fig. 2).

Fig. 1.

Fig. 2.

Type 1 -

Type 2 -

Type 3 -
Type 4 -

Letter n in the word KOI has a diagonal line across the
top stroke, the period that is after it has a tiny
triangle on the inside.
The letter n has a short vertical line at the top of the
right leg, the period that follows it has a dot on the
inside, the numeral 2 in the NE corner has a nick.
Broken numeral 2 in the NW corner.
Blue dot on O of KOn at the top, spot of colour under
circular lines under A of OqrA .

Type 1.

Type 4.

Type 2.

Type 3.

1877 1880
Similar to previous issues, the letters are shorter and the corner
numerals are larger, the large 2 in the centre is shorter and
wider, the small cross has been replaced with a rosette with four
petals, the triangular spots on the sides are missing, 17.25 x 24
mm lithographed on various papers, imperforate, 2 editions.

xvly^ ^

Space between stamps 1.5 mm sheet unknown but some of the stamps
were placed on the sheet sideways, white or yellowish white paper
0.08 mm thick, brownish yellow gum, imperforate.

5. 2 kop. dark blue


Space between stamps 2.5 2.75 mm, sheet of 8 x 4 with a transfer
block of 2 x 2 placed 4 times horizontally and twice vertically on
the sheet, 4 types, different papers, imperforate.

On smooth white paper 0.12
6. 2 kop. blue, light blue

On white horizontally laid
7. 2 kop. blue, dark blue

mm thick.

paper 0.1 mm thick.


Type 1 -

Type 2 -

Type 3 -

Type 4 -

Short line attached to bottom right leg of letter A of
nOqTA head of letter H has a nick, under the letter n
of MDrWA a vertical line connects the bottom circle
outline with the right bottom spandrel, small white spot
on the same spandrel.
Nick in right outer frameline over the letters Pb of the
word Y3rXb a second nick exists in the same frameline at
the bottom at the point of junction with the SE corner
circle, under the letter H a short vertical line runs
from the circle outline to the spandrel at the bottom.
Under t of nOlEA a vertical line runs across circle
outline to spandrel, in the same word n has a spot of
colour on the inside of the right leg, a very thin
irregular line connects the letter to the tail over it.
Tiny dot between the letters C and K of the word 3EMCKA ,
a short horizontal line runs from the centre of the left
frameline to the oval outline.



1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4

1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4

Type 1. Type 2.

Type 3. Type 4.

The stamps of this edition are not difficult to plate as constant
plate flaws are found on many of the stamps in the sheet.

Stamp 2 A short horizontal line connects the top right frameline
with the upper spandrel.
Stamp 4 Dot to the left of the letter t of YtHA .
Stamp 10 Colon instead of period after A of m'rA .
Stamp 13 Bump on right side of second letter 0 of top
Stamp 14 Line across lower part of left leg of letter n of K3T .
Stamp 16 A white spot in the hatched background over the letters
Tn of nOqTA .
Stamp 17 White dot on the centre circular line in line with lower
end of the upper spandrel on the right side.
Stamp 18 Spots of colour on right leg of n of Knn at the
Stamp 22 White spot on left top spandrel.
Stamp 26 Short blue line in SW corner circle on bottom.
Stamp 27 Damaged letter t of Y3Sb .
Stamp 28 White dot on upper right side of spandrel.
Stamp 29 White spot on top of hatched oval with inscription
2 KO .
Stamp 30 White spot on lower right spandrel and another at the
junction of the two circular lines.


Sch 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Ch 1 2 3 4 5 6,6a 7


Krasnoufinsk is located about 100 miles from the capital city of
Perm in the southeast portion of the province. In 1910, the
population was approximately 10,000.

Krasnoufimsk was a self-sufficent community with good agricultural
soil. It was primarily known as an iron mining centre.

Krasnoufimsk issued stamps between 1893 and 1919.

Top: Red background, silver sheep with golden scripture and a
silver cross on gray brown ground.
Bottom: Green background with silver falcon on a golden branch.

18 x 22 mm typographed in Moscow by Kushnarev on white paper 0.07
mm thick, yellowish white gum, sheet of 2 panes of 5 x 5 spaced
8.75 mm apart, perforated 11.75, pointed ornament above oval with
horizontal hatching and ball at end of ornaments at sides of oval.

1. 2 kop. red, dark red



Same size, paper, gum and perforation as the proceeding issue;
pointed ornament above oval without hatching and ornaments at sides
at sides of oval without balls; sheet unknown.

2. 2 kop. red, dark red 10.00
unused RR

1898 '
19 x 23.25 mm printed in Perm and similar to the predeeding
issues but coarser in appearance, corner circles are smaller and
are moved nearer to the centre of the stamp which creates larger
areas of solid colour in the corners, lithographed on white paper
0.08 mm thick, brownish yellow gum, sheet unknown, perforated 11.5
and also known imperforate and imperforate vertically.

3. 2 kop. orange red, dull red 1.50

1901 (December)
Printed by Government Printing Office in St. Petersburg,
typographed on white paper 0.07 mm thick, white gum, sheet of 5 x
5, perforated 13.25, 11,750 stamps printed.

4. 2 kop. orange red, red orange 0.50

1904 1914
Similar to design of 1901 issue, printed by Government Printing
Office in Perm, coarser in appearance, 21 x 27.5 mm lithographed

on white paper, perforated 11.5, 4 editions.

On white paper 0.07 mm thick, brittle white gum, sheet of 7 x 7
with 4 types arranged 2 x 2, perforated 11.5.


1 1 2 1 2 1 2
3. 3 4 3 4 3 4

4 3 4 3 4 3 4
2121 212

5. 2 kop. red, dark red


Type 1 Short right leg on n of KOn triangular dot on bottom
frameline under n .
Type 2 Letter n of KOn poorly formed with the right leg broken
into 2 parts.
Type 3 Letter t of ABt touches the white space above it, letter
n of DOn is poorly formed and almost looks like an A.
Type 4 Bulge under n of KOn .

Type 1

Type 3


Type 4


Yellowish white paper 0.08 mm thick, brownish yellow gum, sheet
of 9 x 6, the same 4 types as on the first edition, perforated


6. 2 kop. red


Type 2


1 2 1 2 1 2 1 12 2
3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 4
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2
343 4 3 4 3 4 4
121 21 21 22

On various papers, yellowish white gum, sheet of 10 x 5, with the
same 4 types as for the previous editions arranged on the sheet as
shown below, perforated 11.5 both rough and clean cut.

On thick porous paper 0.12 mm thick.


7. 2 kop. carmine, carmine rose

On thin soft paper 0.07 mm thick.

8. 2 kop. carmine, carmine rose


1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4
1 2 12 1 2 1 2 12
3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2

FOURTH EDITION (Sept. 10, 1913)
Smooth white paper 0.07 mm thick, shiny white gum, sheet of 10 x 6,
same 4 types repeated 5 times horizontally and 3 times vertically
on the sheet, slightly shiny ink, perforated 11.5, 50,000 stamps

9. 2 kop. carmine lilac rose


1919 (?)
Increase in postal rate necessitated a 20 kop. surcharge on stamps
of the 4th edition, surcharge 5 mm high and appears both upright
and inverted.


10. 20 on 2 kop. carmine lilac rose


Sch 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Ch 1 -- 2 3 4 4 5 6

9 10
7 --


Krasniy is located in the southwest portion of the province some 12
miles away from the capital of Smolensk. In 1900, the population
was about 5,000.

Krasniy is in a poor section of western Smolensk, characterized by
poor soils and access by local roads only. Cereal crops and flax
were the major agricultural products. Krasniy was also the site of
the last major battle with Napoleon during his retreat from Moscow.

Krasniy issued stamps between 1890 and 1912.

Top: Silver background with a golden cannon with a black barrel
and a golden bird on green grass.
Bottom: Silver background with red fortress gates on gray green

29.25 mm in diameter, lithographed on yellowish white paper 0.1 mm
thick, white or yellowish gum, each stamp was printed singly.

1. 3 kop. red, light or dark

27.5 x 33 m lithographed on thin white paper 0.05 mm thick, white
gum, sheet of 11 x 7 with a transfer block of 3 x 2 and 6 types
which have insignificant differences, imperforate.

2. 3 kop. blue


1901 (July)
23.75 x 33.75 mm lithographed in black on white paper 0.08 mm
thick, shiny white gum, small bird siting on top of cannon, sheet
of 12 x 5 with a transfer block of 6 placed horizontally,
perforated 11.5.

f 'S^ sa? .t-.
I a (.C Afn:W

3. 3 kop. black and lilac rose

4. 3 kop. black and green


1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6
12345 12345



-to be continued in No. 29-



by Alex Artuchov

As an avid collector of dot and numeral cancellations, this writer
finds few items more stimulating than those which break new ground
and uncover information previously unknown. The most interesting
material has been the covers which have identified the previously
unknown locations of the truncated triangle type numbered 848 -
1700. Typically, the item which unlocks the mystery of the unknown
location is a cover bearing both a dot and numeral cancellation and
more often than not a straight line cancellation with the name of
the place of origin. Unfortunately, not all such covers contain
the second cancellation identifying the name or the cancellation
with the name is just totally illegible. Moreover, an even greater
mystique is attached to the second cancellation with the name when
one takes into consideration the fact that only a minute proportion
of available material is even on cover. The "missing link" or the
dilemma in identifying the unknown locations was accordingly deeply
imbedded in my mind as the second cancellation with the name. On
the item illustrated below the dilemma is converse.

S- ,,

IeL'PP Ian ry l18 72

When purchased, this cover was identified as number 711 and
Konstantinovsk of Kherson province. The dealer clearly advised that
he was not at all quite sure that the number or the name were
actually correct. In fact, the second cancellation with the name
was not even Konstantinovsk in Kherson but Konstantinov in Petrok.
What the dealer had clearly done was that he went through the 847
known locations of the truncated triangle type, found the closest

facsimile to Konstantinovsk and quite forthrightly indicated his
misgivings. The problem in this given instance was not that the
second cancellation with the name was not abundantly clear but,
that the first, dot and numeral cancellation contained an illegible
numeral. The dilemma was to identify the number that belonged to
the unlisted location of Konstantinov in Petrok which was obviously
part of the unlisted numbers 848 1700.

My assumption was confirmed by the fact that no locations in Petrok
are among the 847 known postal allocations. From the list of
locations subsequently identified through research it seems that
Petrok was accommodated as a block from 1046 to somewhere in the
1070's or 1080's. This interestingly enough, is very consistent
with the way in which the first 847 numerals were allocated.
Although the truncated triangle numerals are organized in a
relatively haphazard manner in comparison to some of the other
dot and numeral types, they are not without certain consistancies.
Consecutive numerical blocks are one and an attempt at some
alphabetical order is another. Accordingly, postal authorities had
yet to reach Petrok when they exhausted their list of published
allocations at 847.

Through an enlargement of the dot and numeral cancellation the
writer has further confirmed his assumption by concluding that the
cancellation definitely contains four digits. The first is
unquestionably a 1. The second one appears to be a 0 and should be
a 0 in accordance with the assumption that it falls within the
block allocated to Petrok. The third digit is totally unclear but,
a 9 would not be an unreasonable guess for the fourth. The
enlargement is illustrated below.

Based on the assumptions that Petrok was accommodated in a block
between 1046 and the low 1080's, that the known digits are 10?9 and
taking known locations into consideration, it would seem that
Konstantinov should be 1049 or 1059 or 1069 or even 1079.

The prospect of triumph over such frustrations is what keeps your
writer going.

Readers having any insights into this dilemma are kindly requested
to contact the writer.


by G G .

We(rb i zky

I am fortunate enough to possess the one copy of this catalogue
that actually belonged to the author himself. As occurs in any
publication, a number of errors occurred during the printing
process and with time as new information became available,
additions were warranted. K.K. Schmidt kept track of these
additions and corrections in his catalogue in two ways:

1) With red ink on the page affected

2) As a summary at the end of the catalogue, with one typed
page and a few handwritten notes in pencil

I suspect that there are other additions that can and in fact
should be made today. For example, in No. 11 of "The Russian
Philatelist", 1969, New York, an article by S. Mihailov entitled
"Zemstvo Stamps Errors and Omissions in the Chuchin Catalogue
of 1925". Through the publication of the A. Artuchov zemstvo
catalogue, these items should be listed and recorded.

K. K. Schmidt in the 1930's


p.19 Balashov

p.27 Bogorodsk

p.43 Bogorodsk

p.53 Gadiach

p.73 Kolomna


- Illustration "3" missing above 1880

- Illustration "1" missing for stamps # 1,2,3
- Illustration "2" missing for stamps # 4 & 5
- Illustration "3" missing for stamps # 6 10
- Illustration "4" missing for stamps # 11 & 12

- For stamps # 20 & 21 colour is not described
completely, "and bronze" is missing

- For stamps # 34 & 37 "and rouletted" is
missing when describing perforations

- Illustration "6" should be "5"

- For stamp # 1 it should read "as Belebei 2"
and not 3

- There is a handwritten note for Morshansk # 17 "trial proof
imperforate, 5 kop. black, light green and red".

p.63 Yarensk

P.106 Penza

p.112 Poltava

- Stamp # 3 is #2

- It is # 3 not # 33

- Heading after stamp # 43 should read
"beginning 1919"
- For stamps # 45 & 46 Aug. 1919 should be

Also to be added for Poltava:
46a. 60 kop. on 1 kop. orange (No. 8)
46b. 60 kop. on 1 kop. carmine red (No. 18)
46a & 46b: 1,000 issued 10 pieces
(sheeets?) of both
# 44 730 stamps (total issue ?)
25 stamps overprinted horizontally
25 stamps overprinted at an angle
50 stamps overprinted inverted
100 stamps have overprints in greenish black
while 50 have the overprint in red. Total of
1,000 stamps. (doesn't add up 20 are missing
? GGW)

p.115 Poltava

p.112 Poltava

p. 76 Kotelnich

- Illustration "7" which is missing applies to
# 141 149

- By stamp # 54 it should read "on 6 kop." and
not 5 as printed in error

- For stamp # 15 the order of the types is 2+4+
3+1 and not 2+3+4+1 as shown

p.122 Rhzev
There are significant changes in numbering which are also shown on
p. 191 which deals with the prices.

1,2,3 & 4 remain as is
5 7 are eliminated
8 & 9 are 5 RR
10 & 11 are 6 RR
12 is 7 R
13 is 8 R
14 is 9 5.00
15 is 10 5.00
16 is 11 RR
17 is 12 2.00
18 is 13 RR
19 is 14 20.00
20 is 15 1.00
21 is 16 15.00
22 is 17 1.00
23 is 18 1.00
24 is 19 5.00
25 is 20 5.00
26 is 21 6.00
27 is 22 6.00
28 is 23 0.50
29 is 24 0.50
27 imp. 10.00

p.125 Zadonsk

p.136 Zmeinogorsk

p. 139 Sapozhok

p.144 Soroki

p.145 Starobelsk

p.146 Starobelsk

p.153 Cherdyn

p.154 Cherdyn

p.159 Ust-Sysolsk

- Stamp # 58 has sheet of 6 x 7 with 3 types
arranged horizontally

- Stamp # 2 types arranged: 3+4+4+3 with last
two stamps inverted and not with the last two
stamps 2+1 inverted

- For stamps # 11 & 12 the year of issue is
1884 and not 1994

- For stamp # 10 the sheet is 10 x 10 and not
6 x 5

- Stamp # 6, 8 copies are known

- Correction of the number of known stamps:
# 19 11 and not 10 stamps are known
# 20 14 and not 13 stamps are known

- Stamp # 20 comes in 2 types

- Stamp # 41 there 4 types in a 2 x 2
arrangement and not 3 types

- Stamp # 30 has incorrect year 1187 which
should be 1897

p.162 Ust-Sysolsk

p.157 Urzhum

p.165 Velsk

p.167 Vetluga

p.180 Ardatov

p.181 Balashov

p.185 Kadnikov

p.183 Bugulma

p.186 Kotelnich

p.187 Kremenchug

p.191 Rzhev



0 i

'E .6



0 04

5 **-.

x g



L0 0





- Stamps # 48 & 49 are perforated 13.25
- Stamp # 50 to be added "5 kop. violet on
2 kop. blue-green, perforated 12.5

- Stamp # 6 is 5a

- Stamp # 27 to be added "6 kop. yellow -

- Kostroma replaces Nizhnii-Novgorod

- Light blue # 5 is RRR and not # 6

- Remove # 3

- Add # 30 1.00

- # 22 is RR

- Remove # 33

- # 8 is 7.00 not 77.00

- Correction noted above


0 0 UN


Ga -

'0 Z

B -d

t. 0




2 o

G a

E sIi

*s a8












I.8 ..













i, 0

.u4 .- S

I 8




Bemaerte Druckfehler und Berichtigungen.
----t- -----------------------------------
SS,27.. Bgorodsk fehl.t bel 1-5 Abb.1, bei 4-5 Abb.2,
". ei 6be -10 Abb.5 u.bei 11-12 Abb.4.
8 4S'' bei ,20;u.21 u.broenn"
'X655.' bef 54 u.S7 durchst."
S.7 bei 20-22 Abb. 5, nioht 6.8
S; 6 S7 bei .6:ijypen 2+4+35+1:. nict 3.
9S-.94 Nikalsk 1 Belebel .a, nicht 5.
S.112 b-ei 54 "a.6 Kep. .
' ;S1'1*!bei 14-1-i49 Abb 7 su erginzen. .
S~S Si: 8meinogorsk 2 (Typen. +4+t+T) .
j-S.444 Sloreki 10 Begen 10,x 10.
iSS145 .-i: '(8! Stuck bek.)
8i4 -19. (l St. -bek.) -iSO:(14 St.bek.)
A 154 .41 -;: Typen(2x2),Begen 10x4,untere Hlf te
2 '48 C49'gezs.1, 50 .5 violent / 2.Kip blau-
S.grin, gez.2j ,.
S a.6 .27 .8*.p.gkelbgrn.
i'S;.1 67.. ;Wetlluga (Oeuv.Kestroma)
S .18-l0' h, an .(6 ) RI nach 5 v.nicht nach zu
S~ .' ;-, .... "" ""- ,- : "se.tzen .. :*
l s. 81Balasb'oliew. S ziu striechen. -, -'i*.;, :
u.[ r .6 5 i K a f nlse w 5 0 .' ^-: .. '*..... .::.!- -: .. .: / :
';4",0 Kietrnihttscb S 'zu streichen.
SS~AJ37 I,?'Xr'entschug, 8 .: .- niicht 77.-

0 :15 10
". s5"5555~" : ;.. ...... .S:g i-:.:. "-JU.",::; :

29., -U l -0 50 .
Bohtohigry 2 75 nioht 0,75
9. Tsoherdyn 39 100..- niicht 109,-.
., 5 ,? .. .- ,.. .. .. .; .. .. ... .

,,-. : 5,O ^., : .: ". ... . M 1.7-, :.. ... .

S- ^ ... i 7., '. 1.

(6 JJ I



I and II



by Robert Taylor

Further to the comments about this special marking referred to in "The
Post-Rider" Nos. 24 & 25, I can confirm much of the usage given in
Yakobs' book "Special Postal Cancellations of the USSR". I am setting
out hereunder photocopies of a variety of covers from 1929 to 1936.
Clearly, as the decade of the 30s moved towards war and the political
animosities increased between Stalin's Soviet Union and Hitler's Third
Reich, the quantity of airmail out of the USSR, which had always used
Berlin as its primary first destination, was substantially reduced.
Soviet air covers of all kinds are notably scarcer from 1937 onwards
and that would certainly have applied to the Leningrad-Berlin route.
Thus my excuse for not being able to show any covers after 1936 using
the special pictorial cancel.

It is further interesting to note that the pictorial Leningrad-Berlin
air cancel was not used in all cases for mail travelling on the
Leningrad-Berlin direct airmail route. I have a number of covers with
such usage which do not carry the special cancel. Equally, the special
cancel was sometimes used as the cancel of origin on the stamps
themselves, sometimes as a transit marking on covers with other
Leningrad postmarks on the stamps and even on covers from outside the
city of Leningrad and, finally, as apparently noted by Yakobs, applied
as an incoming air arrival marking. Now for some examples taken from
my collection:-

iA. .......... .- 1r0 %
if:^ ^;t; ;:-

26 July 1929. My earliest usage and three months earlier than the
example shown by John Bodnar, presumably as illustrated by Yakobs, used

on a commercial bank cover to England.

Idc T,~ --^ff

^*Z -^-- ^^^^
'^^-^V- -

15 May 1930. Used
as an air transit
marking on a
private card to

29 July 1930.
Used as transit
cancel on a reg.
private cover
to Paris.

I: -J r
S -,

Note Leningrad
cachet on reverse
* re flaps being
poorly sealed,
i.e. possible

5 May 1931.
Used on a Lirstflug 1931 Wiedereroffnung'der
philatelic Fluglinle: Leningrad- Berlin
cover sent
to Sonntag .
in Cali,
Colombia, Herrn
with Soviet -
Colombian '
franking .-
foOr the ,OSE _. g "v,
1931 ist. J S Z E I IQ

reopened L
Berlin Air 2i
Route. .:4


Applied as ,

marking on a e-
philatelic VN
postcard to
Germany with
a nice .
i in
rnoing tof
four of the ... *
"8 / KOrl." ,1 !
surcharges ,
and another .:i. .
interesting o.
Lenking rad vt.h O

inscribed in ... *"
French and .
noting that

needed for igAnN
c o m p l e te t 0 a ,.R, 3 '
franking had U .'h '' '" ..
been ., ,. ,' .., ,. .
received at ji,' '- &. ..'- .
the post
office of origin.

27 July 1931. My
only example of an
arrival marking
dated 4 August on
interesting Polar
Flight cover; the
only example I've
ever seen from
"Malyguin" on
27 July, which is
normally arrival
date for drop
mail coming from

* ~^ 22 Sept.1931.
S, Applied as
both marking
of origin and
transit 23rd.
Sept. on
Cover to
Sonntag in
Cali, flown
.'to Berlin,
Then to
Atlanta and
Miami in the
U.S., to
Arrive in
Colombia with
Sfranking. See
the back of
this cover at
Sthe top of
\ the next page.


17 Jul.1932.
Applied as
an airmail
marking 19
July on a
air cover
to Vienna
with several
copies of
both values
of the 1927
The total
rate paid
was 1 rouble
The back of
the cover is
shown at the
top of the
next page.

S10 Aug. 1932.
"",.'^: Cancel of
S, ,' :." origin on
AnOnOI .. franking incl.
An 10k./5r. air
with the wide

%;,f'b realised that
** he was using
Sp '"5 variety y onc
Hamburg. I've
; Wthe placement

f /. again the stamps
if the sender
realized that
.'he was using
fF~1 .a scarce
.... "- "" variety! Once

0 .. .. total postage
paid was one
./^ /? c-' <5 X; trouble.
S- -": "*-- -

=- C

16 Sept. 1932.
Applied as an air
transit marking
23 Sept. on a
reg. cover to
Berlin from
Leningrad prov.,

.. OI TA 17.
77 1 .

0c U.. .einmen"-~d.Nre Yorkt .
O ,4/. October 19831~"
it F von L in,:,e a' nuch U.S.A..
A CO, f e ,Eu rR u 'o d ar ,,Br I an IV, U l t
D ap u 1-Yor' e bJ hP
,D, ~dultaebuh.ist
hrif.t. in deut-
_4 aken ve klebN.

\\' "' U.S.A.

24 Sept. 1933. Applied on philatelic catapult Russo-German combination
cover to the U.S. The German postage, including 3 x 6 Pfg. stamps on the
back, paid for the catapult fee from the s.s. "Bremen" to shore in New York.

12 Aug. 1934. Attractive usage on a reg. postcard to Switzerland with
nice philatelic franking totalling 55 kop. The card was issued by the
Museum of the Revolution (EDITORIAL COMMENT: It is inscribed in Russian,
O Ukrainian, Belorussian, Georgian, Armenian and Azerbaijani and the
written text has an interesting reference to the famous novel "The
Quiet Don" by the noted writer Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov. Note
that the sender affixed to the view side the 8-kop. value of the 1927
commemorative set to match the painting "The Red Guards" by K. Maksimov.

28 Sept.1935. Two strikes on stamps and two more on the reverse of a reg.
cover to Seattle with the only example I have ever seen of this small
boxed "Par avion/JUSQU'A Berlin". A larger variant of this cachet has been
frequently noted in the earlier 1930s.

... "8 Oct.1935.
"" .'. Another nice
".." ~ 3, philatelic
franking to
London, then
Forwarded to
Vienna with
British 2d.
01 0 I.stamp added.
rHAg_ -alotel, :. Stamps of the
.,A Spartakiada
VIENNA. ;set are
on, o especially

Sued on
., sending.

.. "r. -,r''. H-ii ..... .', 25 Oct.1936.
^^^ ^1 1 t., ..1
Applied on a
44' reg. cover
ii to Denmark
S.:., with a strip

.. Dobrolyubov
*.c' stamp p.14,
of with the
012.e.0" Leningrad
.. ,..: .air marking
"25' used in the
"late 1930s,
..... . .. *. t ^ as pe r our
cover in"The
.. .q1i,4, Post-Rider"
No.25 (my
., il. i t, e d: .. f :.A.(i l latest use).
Le igra d ..COMMENT: The
75 7-s Dobrolyubov
Sl. -. stamp in any
S.. perf. is
: rare on mail
.: ; as it was
.ik, 7 ,'-.',. :" ""...withdrawn
because of wrong initials: A.N. instead of N.A. (Nikolai Aleksandrovich').

It would be interesting for readers to examine their Soviet air covers
and try to pre-date my earliest use on 26 July 1929, as well as try to
locate usages in 1937 and 1938. Another potentially interesting source
of application would be on covers posted in other countries and arriving
in Leningrad on the direct Berlin-Leningrad air route to see if the
Leningrad marking is indeed the special pictorial cancel.
EDITORIAL COMMENT: As a contrast to the most interesting survey given
above by Mr. Taylor, we are now setting out the details of an unusual
airmail cover from Leningrad in the collection of another subscriber,
Sr. Salvador Bofarull of Madrid, Spain. Handled by the international
section of the Leningrad post office on 10 Sept.1933, a total fee of 80k.
was levied. The surface rate for a foreign letter then was 35k., so the
airmail surcharge came to 45k. for this item, which went via Berlin to
Murcia in Spain. The postage was cancelled with a LENINGRAD "a" marking
in Latin letters, a boxed "Par Avion" cachet (llx48mm.) applied in
violet at top left on the front and another cachet in the same shade of
violet struck in French on the back. The latter translates as "Received
by the Post in a defective state: torn envelope, with dirty folds, badly
stuck down. The (postal) employee.", followed by the initial "A" written
in indelible pencil. Once again, this marking may be of censorship
significance. The cover received on the front the familiar Berlin cachet
in red of the branch airmail post office of the main airport and it was
further backstamped on the back in black by the Berlin Airport Office,
dated 11 Sept.1933, between 8 & 9pm. This letter was handled two days
later by the Spanish Albacete-Cartagena TPO/RPO down trip. Pre-war
Soviet airmail items to Spain are desirable property. Please see below.


Recu rr !;. poste en tat '
defect:: ur L'inveloppe
dech.:;o, av des plis
sales, mai olles.

W*- (.M4;6


\ V^ *'?.3

36 "-.

IIL- i r __ ~' IL"~'( '

i -Cyp hS~e~) '


by Alexander Epstein

Among Russian Civil War issues, that of the OKCA ("Osobyi Korpus
Severnoi Armii" or "Special Corps of the Northern Army") is not scarce
even today, but there is still a vagueness about the postal usage of
these stamps. Covers franked with OKCA stamps are not very scarce on
the whole, but consist mainly of envelopes addressed to a well-known
stamp dealer, Sturm of Tallinn, Estonia and prepaid with complete sets
of the five stamps; even with two or four sets, not to mention un-
addressed covers. Although Sturm's covers, with the stamps cancelled
with an oval postmark of the North-West Army Field Post & Telegraph
Office or the standard circular postmark of Moloskovitsy (see the part
in Dr.R.J. Ceresa's handbook dealing with the North-West Army issues),
were made up as registered items bearing the postmark of the
destination (Tallinn), it is difficult to say nowadays if they were
really forwarded by post and not manufactured locally, with a backstamp
to oblige.

However, purely commercial or private covers franked with the OKCA
stamps in accordance with the postal rates do exist but are extremely
scarce, or even rare. Covers sent to or from philatelists and actually
forwarded by post occupy an intermediate position, according to their
scarcity. There is an interesting cover of such a kind in my collection
that deserves to be described in detail (Fig. 1).
Fig. 1.
The cover,
:.'. : ,- ": I addressed to Revel'
(Tallinn) is
franked with a
.....^ ; .. p complete set of 5
*, ,' .' OKCA stamps to
... total 1 trouble,
I 'corresponding
S.. .. exactly to the
TT-,1 v." postal rate for a
'-- registered letter:
......... 50k. for an
'^ :" "' "' "" ordinary letter &
:.. .. .,;* 50k. for the regn.
fee. The stamps
,/ "':..- "" "-- have been
cancelled with
^ v -lf", ,, crosses in
-, ,- indelible pencil.
I'' .^ i ."" A handwritten
'..,-; registration note:
,r^ 44, "N 2/P V N 354"
.. ', 7,, h a s -
It b.,-. .....-, has been added by
indelible pencil
I.Y .--^, ,.' ...... in the upper left
corner (apparently,
P V is an abbreviation for "pochtovyi vagon", i.e. mail car). However,
in addition, each stamp is cancelled by an oval postmark in a rather
unusual design, reading PERNOV 126 PSKOV dated 19.10.1919 and there is
one more strike of the same on the cover at bottom centre. The cover has
been backstamped in Tallinn, but dated 13.10.19 (the year is presumed,
as that number is illegible).

Three possibilities exist concerning this cover: (1) a total forgery,
(2) a partial forgery and (3) a completely genuine cover, forwarded by
post. Let us consider all these possibilities. If the cover were totally
forged, the postmark of the destination would also be a forgery. However,
a thorough examination and comparison of that marking showed it to be
genuine. Of course, it cannot be excluded that the Tallinn postmark had
been struck to oblige. But there is a weighty argument against such an
assumption, namely another cover in my collection, addressed by the same
person and to the same addressee as the first one (see Fig. 2).

Fig. 2. .JZ :
This second cover ':,. ,
is also inscribed .
"Zakaznoe" = :
registered. It is '
also franked with f
a complete set of' ^ ;
the stamps, but .;
there is no regn. -
marking or label .
and the word ;:
"Zakaznoe" at top.. '
has been crossed -
out. The POLNA '' -''/ ,.
canceller is now '- :
ascertained to ,
have been used
by the Gdov post . office, as the ,
photograph on .
p.238 of "The ./ .: .
Arms Issues of .:..,- : .
1902-20" by Rev. ;, -..,. ,. ,
L.L. Tann ... ..- > = --..
clearly shows. If *' ..' -.,. '.. ...
this cover were a
fake, it would be fair to ask what had prevented the forger from putting
it also in the form of a registered letter and adding a backstamp, which
is missing on this cover. In other words, do the same as had allegedly
been done with the first cover. Hence, a more logical approach would be
to accept that both letters had been normally forwarded by post. The
absence of a backstamp on the second cover is easily explained by the
fact that, in 1919, Estonian post offices did not usually backstamp
ordinary letters on their arrival. It is most probable also that, when
the second cover was posted in September 1919, the Gdov post office did
not handle registered mail.

What does give rise to doubt is the oval postmark PERNOV-126-PSKOV on
the registered cover. First of all, applying it to stamps already
cancelled with crosses, seems to have been superfluous, at the very
least. Secondly, its date of 19 Oct. does not conform with that of 13th.
Oct. on the backstamp, i.e. four days before posting the letter! Thirdly,
_- __ ~a postmark in this design, differing from known
S cancellers for TPO/RPO No.126 used before the Revolution,
has not been seen before, either on OKCA or other Russian
c= 121i2OH19S. m stamps. However, a similar postmark with the reverse
direction of TPO/RPO PSKOV-125-PERNOV with the months
in the date in the form of an abbreviated word instead of
a figure, is known on loose OKCA stamps; see Fig. 3. Dr.
Fig. 3. R.J. Ceresa in his handbook, as well as V. Hurt & E.Ojaste

in their "ESTONIA: Philately & Postal History-Handbook & Catalogue" all
interpret this postmark as a fantasy or forgery. The words PSKOV and
PERNOV on both postmarks are written in accordance with the new Russian
orthography introduced in Soviet Russia in 1918, i.e. without the hard
sign '`' at the end of the words. That absence strengthens the
suspicions. Finally, the TPO/RPO route (No.126) does not coincide with
that written in the registration notation (No.354).

Taking into account all the foregoing, I was inclined to consider this
cover as a partial forgery. However, I am no longer sure about this
conclusion as I have since seen at the "RUSSIA '90" philatelic
exhibition last autumn in Leningrad a block of four imperforate 3-kop.
Imperial "Arms" stamps cancelled with a very similar oval postmark, but
reading this time PSKOV-354-NARVA and dated in January 1923. This route,
as well as its opposite leg NARVA-353-PSKOV, were not listed by Dr. N.V.
Luchnik in his articles on the Russian travelling post. However, it was
in fact introduced either in 1917 or at the very beginning of 1918. It
is mentioned, for instance, in some issues of the "Pochtovo-Telegrafnyi
Zhurnal" (Postal & Telegraphic Journal), an official magazine of the
Russian Postal & Telegraphic Administration, in 1918 and later on. This
route had already been shortened in 1923 to Pskov-Gdov, as Narva had
been a part of the republic of Estonia since 1920.

Thus, the following picture presents itself concerning this enigmatic
cover. The letter had been accepted and registered by TPO/RPO No.354
which, at that time, i.e. in autumn 1919, possessed neither its own
cancellers nor registration labels or a corresponding cachet. It had
instead a date canceller of TPO/RPO No.126. It would seem that oval
cancellers for TPO Nos. 125, 126 & 354, as mentioned above and possibly
TPO No.353 as well, had been manufactured locally, probably in Pskov,
during the short period early in 1919, when the area north and west of
Pskov, including a great part of Latvia, was in the hands of the Red
Army. By that time, traffic had been restored after the German
occupation along the adjoining railways, including TPO services. Fixing
that as the time of manufacture also explains the use of the new Soviet
spelling. After the Reds had been driven out of this area by White
forces and the Estonian national army, some of those cancellers might
have remained somewhere in Pskov (Nos. 125 & 126), while others such as
No. 354 and possibly No. 353 were taken away by the Reds.

I do not know if these cancellers were used during the Soviet period.
True, P.F. Mazur reported in "Philately of the USSR" No.12 for 1972 the
existence of a "chain-breaker" stamp cancelled with an oval postmark
reading PSKOV-PERNOV (he wrongly called it PSKOV-PORKHOV, a route that
did not exist). Unfortunately, he gave neither an illustration nor a
date. It is therefore impossible to ascertain whether this postmark was
of old or new type. One should also remember that "chain-breaker" stamps
exist cancelled to order from that area, with postmarkers that fell into
the possession of private persons and possibly stamp dealers.

A TPO clerk probably used the oval canceller to show dates. In this case,
the discrepancy of dates on the oval marking and the Tallinn backstamp
may be explained by negligence on either side. On the other hand, if a
forger had applied an oval postmark, he would obviously have chosen a
proper date. The cover is certainly of philatelic origin, as the rate of
1 rouble could have been paid in a simpler way, e.g. with a pair of 50k.
stamps or a strip of 5 x 20k. However, the probability is fairly high
that this cover is completely genuine. What we need to see is another
such cover!


by Robert Taylor & Andrew Cronin
Robert Taylor.
I thought that readers might enjoy a couple more Latvian Soviet Republic
items, which illustrate nice non-philatelic use of the Chainbreaker stamps.

The above illustration shows the front of a card for a parcel without
declared value, which was sent on 1 April 1919. That can be seen from the
application of the pre-revolutionary Russian canceller of Modon, Livonia
province, still in use in the Latvian town of Madona, which did not yet
have a marking in the Latvian language. The rate paid was 3r. 50k. for a
4-funt parcel, plus a 25-kop. registration fee. The franking included
ten copies of the 35k. Chainbreaker stamp (five of them on the back, as
shown at the top of the next page). The package was received in Riga on
6 April, but not picked up by the recipient until the 25th. That resulted
in a storage fee of 6 roubles in Riga, as shown by the six copies affixed
on the back of the Ir. Arms value, all appropriately cancelled. Note the
mixture of handwritten notations in Latvian and Russian and the fact that
the sending office was designated at bottom front in Russian as "Modon,
(b) The second parcel card without declared value, shown in the bottom half
of the next page weighed 12 funt and was also registered, the total fee of
3r. 75k. being mostly paid with 5 x 70k. Chainbreaker stamps. Note the new
Latvian canceller of STAHMEREENE (Stameriene) dated 8.4.19 and the Russian
regn. label No.8 inscribed Stomerze. The parcel reached Riga on 11 April.

'V H-b fOCbIlnkt.
II `13:E3'hfli i-IbL..i

... ...

........... ..
.. . .

............. ........................... ..;- -- ... ..... .. 7 ........... ................ ......'
(MICTOuaatiaeuiH HUOAP0111JU O n Iy"a!e

.7: ;j ~r :- i /

B'b P. H

11ocTaD ... .....

CJY'al1SEflh1Ill .OTIM
#fJo noAaIlaTeaiLcHcoQ IITeMnI
2 -:

J-J, *-i p..:ir .* i't. ,


HnHCKa' HOJli de n-.
a.niiiiie~oH, CTOPOI1 ZWOO K

.....- 1 1

(a) The first
item is a
Russian card,' 9 TQ A '
10 kop. in
together with
the Ukrainian 0
trident. The ...
message was
written in *o
Kiev during ....... . ....
the Hetman .
interlude on
22.10.18 and ......
the card has
th e K ie v .... .. ................. .. ..... ........ .......... ... .. .....
machine mark .-
of that day.
Addressed to ................
Yaroslavl', /. /
it could not I i
be sent because of lack of communications and it stayed in Kiev during
the Ukrainian Directory period, first under V. Vynnychenko and then
under Simon Petlyura, The Red Army entered Kiev on 5/6 February 1919
and the card was then released for transmission to Yaroslavl', where it
arrived on 19 March. However, the addressee had by then moved to Riga,
now in the First Latvian Republic and the card was finally received
there on 28th. March. This item has been authenticated by Ivan Bulat.


H. b nocbniSK -
BE"b LEfTlHbl. bI

.KoMy 1" "

on" H'=URA-*=1 Zd OAP0RN Santa nos anya%. 0HHCKQ nOJIyqaTeji. .
atse.4 ... OJIySE1IUTJI OTMTIE. TS na nHuLeBol 'cropOHt 3TorO AoKyMeHTa no-
rl- ww..... .......o *6 TU Le VOTTOmarO
PKy K. p eui" tca n
9o .a&M. .....I O ......... *
Bico.e... 1,. JI' () "cao, ca t ro )
Bw I.. .e '
J1I,.14. Krp. Pa.(I

oo .. ....... .


The parcel card without declared value shown in the bottom half of the
previous page had a weight of 8 funt, for which the rate was paid by
5 x 70k. Chainbreaker stamps. Note the provisional marking of LEISK,
Livonia province (Lejasciems) with the handwritten date 14.3.19 along
the bridge. Addressed to Arvids Polaks in Ust' Dvinsk (Daugavgriva, now
part of Riga) in the First Latvian Soviet Heavy Artillery Division, 3rd.
Battery, where it arrived on 18th.March (note the newly made DAUGAVGRIHWA
BOLDERAJA-a postmark on the back). It sat there until 10th. April, when
it was forwarded to Riga and signed for the next day.

(c) The card without declared value featured below weighed 12 funt and
was sent from Saratov in Russia proper on 2.4.19, the rate paid being
3r. 50k. It arrived at Riga in Soviet Latvia on 12th. April and was
picked up by the recipient, Anna Weinberg, two days later.

C' Cn O nO ATEIIbHbl AAPECb. .

e aOUyM 12

five month1e.t o...t...... ..dj .19

.so aitt mpt. w.,md byl theotar viet. au3oite to .... t-, to atin "
t e.... *'.
1 ,__ I. A e n.i-.. ,,

| toro .. ,a*ro (I o
.'- ,..-. -.. .' ... .

EDITORIAL COMMENT: Looking back over the previous information published
on this interesting and barely researched subject in "The Post-Rider",
No.26, pp.5-38 (material in the Jan Poulie collection) and No.27, pp.
70-72 (items held by Dr. Vittorio Mallegni), together with the data
added herewith, it is evident that we still have some way to go before
a complete picture of the postal history of the First Latvian Soviet
Republic emerges. Details of other items held by our readers would be
most welcome. At the very least, it seems clear that, during the mere
five months existence of this republic in the first half of 1919, a
conscious attempt was made by the Soviet authorities to cater to national
sentiment by Latvianising the postmarkers and referring to Latvia as the
name of the country. The distribution of the two values of the
Chainbreaker stamps to small Latvian localities should also prove to be
* a field worthy of investigation, excluding the usages in Riga itself,
most of which appear to have been philatelic and not in accordance with
the postal rates.


by Vygintas Bubnys

There appeared in August 1990 postmarkers of a new type, with the name
of the office in Lithuanian at top and the country given at bottom as
LIETUVA (Lithuania: see on the opposite page).

As is known, the first postage stamps of Lithuania appeared at the
beginning of October 1990. After leaving work at 5pm on 5th. October, I
went to the Vilnius-C post office (Vilnius GPO) and saw that they were
starting to sell the first Lithuanian postage stamps. I was able to buy
some then, in spite of the fact that the postal worker stopped selling
them at 6pm, as it had been planned to issue them on 7th. October. In
fact, these postage stamps were prepared and distributed by the
"Lietuvos Spauda"("Lithuanian Press") production organisation, which had
taken over the local functions of "Soyuzpechat'". This new organisation
is legally subordinate to the Lithuanian Ministry of Communications, but
it has independent functions as a producing entity. As a result, the
first Lithuanian stamps began to be sold on 5 October in the shops of
"Lietuvos Spauda", as well as at the philatelic store in Vilnius. That
was the reason why the Vilnius-C post office began selling them on the
same day. This office is open until 8pm, thus allowing some friends and
me to send covers dated 5 October. Hence, that date should be regarded
as the first day of issue of these stamps.

There is an opinion among philatelists that the date can be turned back
in a postmarker and thus one cannot prove that a specific item was
actually sent on 5 October. However, one can also argue against such an
opinion, especially when speaking of registered letters sent within the
country. The fact is that, as of 7 October, new postal rates came into
force in Lithuania. Sendings to Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Hungary,
Mongolia and Poland were now charged at the same new rates as within the
country, as follow:-

Postcards: 10 kop.
Letters up to 20g.: 20 kop. Letters 251-500g.: 2r. 60 kop.
21 100g.: 60 kop. 501-1000g.: 5r. 10 kop.
101 250g.: Ir. 40 kop. 1001-2000g.: 8r. 40 kop.

Registration fee : 50 kop.

Rates for Printed Matter:
Newspapers Other Articles
Weight & Magazines Ordinary Mail Airmail
Up to 50g. 10 kop. 40 kop. 60 kop.
51 100g. 20 kop. 50 kop. 80 kop.
101 250g. 50 kop. 80 kop. Ir. 40 kop.
251 500g. Ir. Ir. 30 kop. 2r. 40 kop.
501 1000g. 2r. 2r. 30 kop. 4r. 40 kop.
1001 2000g. 4r. 4r. 30 kop. 8r. 40 kop.
2001 3000g. 6r. 6r. 30 kop. 12r. 40 kop.

There is a 60-kop. charge for packing and a 70-kop. fee for a return
receipt (acknowledgement of receipt). The rates for sending to Western
European countries and America have remained unchanged and are the same _
as the Soviet rates. In other words, letters sent on 5 & 6 October
within Lithuania or to Latvia and Estonia were franked with a 5-kop.
stamp and as of 7 October the rate has been 20 kop. Registered letters,

T rul:

((1503311~2 n
AllU, n
I$ Tu g

::... ::... :... ... ::. _______.._: ._ .45



which would have cost a total of 10 kop. on 5 & 6 October, were now
70 kop. as of 7 October and thus could not have been sent at the lower
rate, making a turned back marking unfeasible.

A special cancel was applied at the Vilnius-C post office on 7 October
on the occasion of the official first day of issue of these stamps.
There was a similar cancellation applied in Kaunas (please see the top
of the previous page for the illustrations of both these markings). On
this same day (7 October), Vilnius-C also began to apply a special
postmark for Letter Week. It will have been noticed that these four new
stamps (shown on the previous page) have been very simply prepared and
can easily be forged. My philatelic friends tell me that such forgeries
have already been found, not only at philatelic meetings, but also at
several post offices.

In November 1990, there appeared an envelope devoted to the 50th. anniv.
J. Tallat-Kelpha Higher School of Music, in a limited edition of 37,000
copies (please see the illustration at the bottom of the previous page).
Practically all examples of these stamped envelopes fell into the hands
of the Director of the Music School, M. Novikas, who is himself a
philatelist. By the way, these envelopes were issued on his initiative
and through his personal efforts, although they were not featured in the
issue plan for 1990. Only a symbolic quantity of them was officially
sold and these envelopes did not in fact have real circulation in
Lithuania. Moreover, the rate given on the envelope (5 kop.) did not
correspond to the proper fee (20 kop.).

In the middle of December 1990, two stamped envelopes appeared of 20-kop.
value and showing a new design with the arms of Lithuania (see the
illustrations on the next page). By the way, postage stamps in the same
design are due to go on sale in January 1991 and they have been printed
in Leipzig, East Germany.
(EDITORIAL COMMENT: We have since heard that two trucks bearing supplies
of these new stamps had been sent from Leipzig across Poland and up to
the border with Lithuania, but were stopped there and the loads seized
at once by the USSR border forces. Negotiations have been going on ever
since to try to get the loads released to the Lithuanian Republican
Government, so far to no avail. We have also heard that a returning
traveller was able to bring in a suitcase full of this issue, so that
some of these new stamps have been available in the republic and have
even been used on mail!).

Still another new issue. This is a reprinting of the first Lithuanian
stamps in small sheets of 16 stamps and 4 coupons (the original stamps
were in sheets of 50); please see the illustration on the next page.
This reissue is more interesting, as it is on vertically laid paper as a
watermark and the printing is in two colours. It has been determined
that the stamps have been printed from two master designs, differing in
details. These stamps went on sale on 24 December 1990.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: When these stamped envelopes and postage stamps first
started appearing on mail being sent abroad, the writers took the
precaution of also adding the correct postage in Soviet stamps to ensure
international transmission. However, since then, the rates on mail
going abroad have increasingly been paid partially or wholly with the
new Lithuanian issues and the Soviet authorities have allowed them to
proceed without comment. Strictly speaking, it is not obligatory for a
country or territory to be a member of the UPU for its postal issues
to be recognized for international transmission, provided that the


Lietuvos Respubik"hos
v v


lo I o 101.

* 0


pw pris--ps o

: -L :1Em I : w : I LIT~I~~6r
o 0 e s e s 9 0 6 0 0 0 * S o s 0 4 0 0 e 6 0 0

So* .. .

.. ......... ....... .. ... .. .... .............

JjJIj~~j~1 ~ll I II!'111 fI 917'I'dl :10

a, ted rip rltekn
1~1 UICFII I-1 YrCFII II1 YI~nl Irub S
3II IF~I I IB~~ I ILmH 1 'Ll

*I Y I FFU~ ~ E I I I' I~..5.I* IStOfrI I
*II .RF R I .I FF ~ I 1 1P RF I
0:: 0s 0

m -m-mmmmmm


- .. O

S. mIC' fi l Of *.;St.

--..- ... .. .. ....





protecting power is a member of the UPU; in this case, the USSR. It all
revolves around the question whether the present Lithuanian Republic
accepts the USSR as the protecting power. These separate postal issues
are valid on mail within the republic and, by mutual agreement, on
sending to Estonia and Latvia. The Lithuanian Republic has attempted
to rejoin the UPU, but we understand that this move has been blocked by
three of the existing members: the USSR, Belorussian SSR & Ukrainian
SSR. The Soviet Union is the only country with three members in the UPU.
That situation came about with the founding of the United Nations in
1945; J.V. Stalin attempted to have all 16 of the Union republics
admitted as members. A compromise was reached whereby the USSR,
Belorussian SSR and Ukrainian SSR were accepted separately and all UN
members have subsequently become UPU members. The opposite case is not
also true; e.g. Switzerland is a member of the UPU, but not of the
United Nations.

Due to the kindness of a noted Lithuanian philatelist, Povilas
Barbatavi6ius of Toronto, we can now start to classify all these new
postal issues, based on information compiled by the Lietuvos Respublikos
Rysi Ministerija (Ministry of Communications of the Lithuanian
Republic). Unless otherwise stated, all the designs have been executed
by Lithuanian female artists. These postal items fall into two groups:
stamped envelopes and postage stamps, with the envelopes being the
first to appear. The details have been translated from the original
Lithuanian and further explanatory comments have been added, as follow:


Siunliama Lietuvoje!

If990 111.11

minhtrit $l teednys
~n ___7 kp. Uls. Nr. 898
Dodlmnk. V. Skab.,k,.n.
Sp.ndulys. 1990 m.

C 1. 17 May 1990. A 5-kop. envelope, designed by V..Skabeikien6. An oak
tree is depicted at left, symbolising strength and, within the trunk,
"The Pillars of Gediminas". The latter have been utilised in Lithuania
from the 14th. century onwards as the state symbol. Printing: 1,081,000
copies. We see below the oak tree the inscription ATKURTA NEPRIKLAUSOMA
LIETUVOS RESPUBLIKA. The first word is derived from the verb "kurti" -
to kindle, hence "atkurti" = to rekindle. ATKURTA is therefore a
feminine past participle, agreeing in grammatical gender with RESPUBLIKA
and the inscription translates as "Rekindled Independent Lithuanian
Republic". That took place on 11 March 1990, as given in the design.

There is a stipulation on the back that this envelope is to be sent only
within Lithuania. It exists on various grades of paper and with some
inscriptions or colours partially missing; none appear to have been
intentional, but due to paper shortages and errors in quality control.

~ 9A4N& kG



- mm. .m m m.
S .................................

C 2. 6 July 1990. The design at the
left of the envelope is by Mr. A.
2ilius and shows a stylised oak tree,
around which is an inscription reading
FESTIVAL. VILNIUS 1990". 435,000
copies issued. The festival took place
on 6-8 July 1990.

... ... .. .

C 3. 16 August 1990. The design is
by V. Skabeikiene and has below it
an inscription reading "YEAR OF THE
copies issued. There are probably
not many more .than 5 million
speakers in the republic and around
the world, but the language is far
more important philologically than
that number would suggest, as it is
the oldest surviving member in the
Indo-European family, with close
links to Sanskrit. It has to this
day an honoured place in the
curricula of several European and
North American universities.


t[It ll BI MRlI 'B9

C 4. 16 August 1990. The
E. Matusevidiend and the
translates as "WE INVITE
170,000 copies issued.

design is by

---- i:~~:: i::! i ::i i ::i i : i i:
- -!t -i~i -i~ -i!i -i~i -

C 5. 18 August 1990. Designed by Mr.
R. Girinskas, with the inscription
translating as "THE TEMPERANCE
As one Lithuanian wryly remarked to
your editor: "We were a great nation
until we started drinking!"
182,000 copies issued.


- .. i I..' .
: i:.. .. .. ..

o I ..... ")
.'7 Vf.I'. ^ --" "

C 6. 7 November 1990. Designed
by V. Skabeikien&, Mr. K.
Ra6kaitis & Mr. V. Jakitas.
VILNIUS 1940-1990". 37,000
copies issued. An example used
to Canada of this scarce
envelope from the Povilas
Barbatavi6ius collection.

UM 80
"a'' .
tjs' ,;^

Su Sventomr Kaiedom !

- ...:... ." "
.. .. .. ?:. e s .-.. ;. % : ; .; ;..

C 7. 17 December 1990. Designed
by V. Skabeikien& and literally
translating as "WITH HOLY
CHRISTMASI", i.e. Merry
Christmas! This is the first
envelope showing a new stamp
design with simulated perforation
and increased internal rate of
20 kop.
736,000 copies issued.


C 8. 21 December 1990. Designed
S Na~ja;~s tAlS, by V. Skabeikiene with the
inscription literally translating
as "WITH THE NEW YEAR!", i.e.
Happy New Year!
536,000 copies issued.

i:. C 9. 16 February 1991. Designed.i.i .
Ss F 1 T r

the day in Febu 1 en independene
by V. Skabeikien and showing the

SLithuanian Statue of Liberty in
.Kaunas, with the date below given
as February 16. That refers to
the day in 1918 when independence
Swas declared in Vilnius under the
: protection of the German Empire.
Ss 2,700,000 copies issued.
The statue is also shown in the
new imprinted 20-kop. stamp



'**. !--. i-:----:. i-1-.= *:
.. .. .. ... ....

.i .. ........


1990 0311 1991' "20

C 10. 11 March 1991. Designed by
M. Jasiulionyte and showing an angel
blowing a horn. Thereunder the date
"March 11" and the inscription
REPUBLIC", commemorating the first
anniversary of this reaffirmation.
Note another new imprinted stamp
design with a value of 20 kop. and
showing the Liberty Bell in Kaunas.
3,000,000 copies issued.

C 11. 21 March 1991. Designed by
R. Rozyt6 and devoted to the memory
of the tragic events in Vilnius on
13 January 1991, when thirteen
Lithuanians were killed in a clash
with Soviet forces. The inscription
at top left translates as "TO THOSE
The quantity issued has not been
advised by the Ministry.

NOTE: The envelopes listed under Nos. C 1, C 2, C 5 & C 10 were cancelled
S with special date-stamps. Envelope C 9 was cancelled with a first day
One or other of the envelopes listed above may occasionally be found with
the imprinted stamp design missing. In addition, Mr. Barbatavi6ius has

now shown us a set of three unstamped commemorative envelopes,
officially issued by the Lietuvos Rysiy Ministerija (Lithuanian
Ministry of Communications) as shown by the imprint on the backs and
sold at 5 kop. each. They came out in conjunction with Envelope C 10
and its associated special marking applied in Vilnius. The inscription
Please see the illustrations immediately below.

0 N

1990 0311 1 rs rken d:r
S wicdtrherrglclle ri
"I^h, IM 50

0 Spndulho S p. 90- 104 I 50O000. 0 L.1,


1990.03.11 1991.03.11


7 October 1990. The first Lithuanian postage stamps, printed locally by
the "Spindulys" (= "Ray") Organisation, as shown by the inscriptions at
bottom (see the illustrations on p.45). Designed by V. Skabeikien6 and
with the designation "1 laida" = "lst. issue" in the bottom margins. The
stamps are printed in sheets of 50: 10 across and 5 down, being
imperforate and without gum.

/o VALSTY% s

z X

tl 0

1990.03.11 1991.03.11




1990.03.11 1991.03.11

~c~ UI C;ILI(

1. 5 (kop.) green (2,404,800 actually printed; total of 3,000,000
stated in bottom sheet margin at right).
2. 10 violet (1.078,350 printed; 2,000,000 stated in sheet margin).
* 3. 20 blue (527,000 printed).
4. 50 carmine (527,000 printed).
The design shows an angel superimposed on a map of Lithuania and is
dated "1990".

22 December 1990. Reissue of the first stamps, but now printed in
sheetlets of 16 (4x4) plus 4 coupons, on vertically laid paper, without
gum, imperforate, but with dots simulating lines of perforation (see the
illustration on p.47). The coupons read "First Postage Stamps of the
reestablished Republic of Lithuania" in Russian, English, French and
German and are in the same colour as the figures of value. The
inscription in the top margin reads "POSTAGE STAMPS of the Lithuanian
Republic", followed by the national symbol "Gediminaiciv Stulpai" =
The Pillars of Gediminas.

5. 5 green (1,500,000 printed).
6. 10 violet (1,500,000 printed).
7. 20 blue (2,500,000 printed) ....
8. 50 carmine (1,500,000 printed).

10 January 1991. "Vytis on horseback",designed by V.Skabeikiene
and dated 1990. Printed in Leipzig, East Germany and comb-
perforated 14. Very few of these stamps were actually sold and
all of the rest were detained by the USSR border forces.
9. 10 brown (3,000,000 printed) .....
10. 20 blue (12,000,000 printed) -
S11. 30 dark red (3,000,000 printed)

10 January 1991. "The Hill of Crosses" near Siauliai. t t'
Designed by M. Jasiulionyte and dated 1990. Very few
of these stamps were actually sold and all the rest :i.'I
were detained by the USSR border forces. Comb-perf.14. I
12. 50 brown (3,000,000 printed)

10 January 1991. "The Bell of Liberty", designed by
M. Jasiulionyte. Very few of these stamps were
actually sold and all the rest detained by the USSR
border forces. Comb-perforated 14.
13. 200 brown (1,000,000 printed)
16 February 1991. Inscribed "Vasario 16" (= 16 February,
the day in 1918 when the Lithuanian State was bi VAI
created) and showing the Statue of Liberty in 1991 A
Kaunas. Designed by V. Skabeikiene and comb-perf.14.
14 20 violet (3,000,000 printed)
This stamp was printed in Leipzig, East Germany.

11 March 1991. Inscribed "Kovo 11" (= 11 March, the I8-8lC
day in 1990 when independence was reaffirmed and
thus in honour of its first anniversary). Designed
by M. Jasiulionyte, printed in Leipzig, East
Germany and comb-perforated 14.
15 20 green (1,000,000 printed)
13 March 1991. The "Vytis on horseback" design by
V. Skabeikiene, but now printed by the Spindulys
Press in Lithuania on horizontally laid paper

II Ii Im il

in sheets of 100 stamps (10xlO), imperforate and without gum. The imprint
in the bottom right margin states that the Spindulys Press printed
15,000,000 copies of this stamp, but the Ministry of Communications has
noted that 15,630,000 were actually produced. There is a serrated frame
around each unit on the sheet, in the same colour as the stamp and
simulating perforations. Dated 1991.
16. 15 (kop.) yellowish-green

Mr. Barbatavi6ius has been able to identify two constant varieties on the
sheets: (a) missing outline of the leg of the horseman position No.30
and (b) extension of the front left hoof of the horse position No.68
(see above for both varieties).

15 March 1991. Views of Lithuania, designed by Mr. S. Kruopis and
Sprinted in Leipzig, East Germany.
Comb-perforated 14 and all dated 1990.
All three subjects are dear to the
hearts of Lithuanians and well worth
describing. The first value shows the
typical roadside decorations,
especially the wayside crosses found
in the countryside. The second design
." *shows the famous icon "Au6ros VartV
Dievo Motina" (in Polish "Matka Boska Ostrobramska") of the Mother of God
in the "Augros Varty Bainydia" ("Kaplica Ostrobramska),i.e. in the chapel
above the Pointed Gate in Vilnius. The last stamp features the three
towers of the "Sventos Onos Bazny6ia" (Church of St.Anne) on Tiesa Street
in Vilnius. This is one of the most interesting churches built in
Lithuania in the Gothic style. It was completed in 1501, but the vaults
collapsed in 1563 and the building finally reconstructed in 1581. The
names of its builders and the architect are unknown to this day.
17. 40 green (1,000,000 printed)
18. 70 brown (2,000,000 printed)
19. 100 yellow (1,000,000 printed) ......

15 March 1991. "Vytis on horseback" design, done
V. Skabeikien6 and dated 1991, but printed this
time in Leipzig, East Germany and comb-perf. 14.
20. 15 light green (5,000,000 printed)
WMW H marki
4. 7M012 ~ RcrmmanrlI posta

.. 1A typ
SV!LP:IS here
I r__ 70g '- inscr
_I first
AtkurtoS Rekin
Lletuvos SQ
Respublikos Im toget
p irmlejl roads

by :"

First day covers and
ngs were provided for
ge stamps Nos. 1-4, 14,

ical example is shown
at left with the printed
iption reading "The
postage stamps of the
dled Lithuanian Republic",
her with a typical
ide cross.

PVA 5'

.\ PU EtU^A KL K -dUA$ .. -,
sp*u- UW. -VW 1989 4/^
(a) (b) (c) (d)
Finally, to wrap up the survey of items in this area, please refer to the
illustrations above of (a) a clearer picture of the 50-kop. Blockade Fund
charity label, showing the Monument of the Three Crosses and the Pillars
of Gediminas, (b) a new style canceller for PANEVESYS, with the Pillars
of Gediminas at top, the inscription LITHUANIAN REPUBLICAN POST inside
the circumference and the date now given in Lithuanian style: year/month/
day/hour, (c) a special cancellation for the meeting at LAZDIJAI on the
Polish border on 23 Aug.1990, with the slogan THE BALTIC ROAD IS THE
EUROPEAN ROAD 1989-1990 and (d) another special marking, seen applied on
envelope C 9 at MARIJAMPOLt and reading "To the memory of Petras Klimas,
diplomat and historian, 1891 23.2. 1991".

PAR AVION > ^- .

i04lasJ a4

*- Povilas BarbataViciu|

Lietuvos Respublikos nepilklausomybe
atkurta 1990 m. kovo 11 d.

- -- -
3D ] :::::: :

HHmnec nptAnpnfl THn cBiR3I H apec ornpanrBTeA.
*1 *:---

I nwuw e nM eKC npeAnpnrTHA cBR3H MecTa Ha3HsHtHN I

Also, note the 50-kop. Soviet airmail envelope above with a Lithuanian
theme, showing the Statue of Liberty in Kaunas and the corresponding
inscriptions in Lithuanian and Russian. A Lithuanian overprint has been
added directly below, reading "The independence of the Lithuanian
Republic rekindled on 11 March 1990". The newly adapted postmarker for
KAUNAS-31 is completely in Lithuanian (Paul Barbatavi6ius collection).


by Rev.L.L. Tann

One subject in our field of collecting that fascinates me and I know
many other collectors is the oval railway postmarks. Many articles,
snippets and notes have been written; Peter Ashford's excellent series on
Transcaucasia has a section devoted to the Transcaucasian Railway; the
Tchilinghirian & Stephen volumes, now more than 30 years old, deal with
lines in Transcaspia & Manchuria and the studies on the Baltic provinces
cover the postmarks in those areas. Many journals of the various
societies have major articles on them, but there is still a vast area
waiting to be dealt with. The recent publication of the Robinson and
Kiryushkin book on Siberia covers the railway postmarks in sequence and
their second book, a general study of postmarks, adds some details. I
still believe that the definitive book, it has to be at least in two
volumes, is waiting to be written. It needs the cooperation of the major
collectors and experts in the field to do full justice to the subject. I
am not sure if collectors in general want to know the dozen different
sub-types or sub-letters of each oval TPO or station type, but they
would need to know (a) the earliest and latest usages so far recorded and
(b) how common or scarce the postmark is. Indeed, it is possible that one
of the two directions is scarce. If I may here in a general introduction,
I will now give some examples as they seem to me:-

KISLOVODSK-140-MINERAL'NYE VODY is found quite often, but the reverse
route 139 is scarcer.
CHELYABINSK-124-SAMARA is common, but the eastbound direction 123 is not
ANDIZHAN-208-TASHKENT (or the variant terminal CHERNYAEVO) is found more
often than the reverse route TASHKENT-207-ANDIZHAN.
TIKHORETSKAYA-122-TSARITSYN: I have three examples in my collection, but
not the reverse route 121.
Now, this might just be my individual findings/holdings as a collector.
Another philatelist reading this might be thinking: "What a fool; I've
got a dozen of them!"

What I would like to do in this article is to present to other readers
and collectors some of the items in my collection of the oval station and
TPOs/RPOs that are interesting and instructive. I have strengthened the
postmarks in some cases in the illustrations or whitened out
obstructions and reconstructed. I will now divide this study into four
(1) Oval TPO/RPO postmarks (2) Oval station postmarks (3) Station post
office registration labels and (4) Covers registered on TPOs/RPOs.
I shall try not to reproduce common markings and, if I draw any
conclusions, they will be open to discussion by fellow collectors. I may
pose some questions to which others may have the answers, but it is worth
opening the subject.

Just before we come to the point of the earliest oval types known, I
refer to the Robinson & Kiryushkin book "Russian Postmarks", p.62 centre.
Relying on earlier references and information, they quote the 1903 post
office circular which introduced the oval railway postmarks and, in their
Figs.421 & 422, show the examples actually given in the postal directive,
with the comment:-
"Although the examples given in the 1903 circular for postmarks of TPO/
RPO sub-offices (Figs.421-422) did not have serials and route numbers,
all the actual known postmarks had both of these characteristics".

In fact, Dr.Raymond Casey, president of the BSRP and a prominent expert
and collector in our field, sent me photocopies of two items in his
collection. One is a postcard to Birmingham with a 4-kop.Arms stamp
1902-1905 issue and two very fine strikes of MOSKVA-S.P.BURG/4 OTD 4,
dated 16.2.04. There is NO route number between the cities; it would
have been 2. The second is a postcard to Wrexham in Wales, also with a
4-kop. stamp. The postmarks are the same, oval, but the base reads
5 OTD 5 and the date is even earlier: 1.2.04. I would suggest and I
am open to correction that postal cancellers were made exactly as the
postal circular directed and were in use briefly, before ones with the
route number inserted between the town names were brought in. We could
surmise that similar unnumbered postmarks existed for the St.Petersburg-
Moscow route. Does anyone have an example?

On the subject of early dates, I would suggest that these two items of
Dr. Casey are the earliest. My earliest example is a postcard with the
route KHARTSYZSK-99-DOLINSKAYA and almost a year later, being from
December 1904. There are others known from that year. I have a postcard
with two of the earlier circular POCHTOVYI VAGON types, routes 183 & 82,
which has an oval station postmark dated 5.1.04, but only the first
couple of letters are clear: SOLEB... or SODEV... It is quite a long
name, as it radiates from the full 9 o'clock position around to the 3
o'clock (EDITORIAL COMMENT: It might have been SOS'VINSKII ZAVOD
station, just before Ugol'nyi on the line running from Ekaterinburg,
now Sverdlovsk).


/ YO %

S . . . .. . . . . . '

43 5A .- \

SiFig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 1.

1. This cover is to the Red Cross in Denmark. It is franked with 2x5-kop.
revenue stamps, both crossed out as inadmissable for paying postage.
There is a fine strike of POLOTSK*286*SEDLETS, star at base and no sub-
letter, together with a fine POCHT.VAG.286/DOPLATIT'.
2. A postcard with a fine strike of MOIZEKYUL*240*REVEL'-v 20.8.08, with
matching DOPLATIT'/POCHT. VAGON. with 240 on both sides.
3. A 2-kop. wrapper with superb KIEV*267*VARSHAVA* no sub-letter 28.4.14.
4. The railway line from Petrograd to Kola in the Murmansk 35"f
district was built in 1916. The Petrograd-Kem' section had
postal vans operating from that year. I do not know at .
what point vans ran along the entire route, but it must ,% .,,s.
have been well into the Civil War period. I show here a
fine strike of KEM'*35*PETROGRAD-v 26.11.17. The sub-
letter "v" is obscured by the writing. Fig 4 59
Fig. 4. 5

... -. ,- -r 1

Fig. 5. Fig. 6. Fig. 7. Fig. 8. Fig. 9.

5. The reverse route on a 1919 free-postage postcard PETROGRAD*36*KEM'
8.11.19, also "v". There must have been "a" & "b" cancellers. One
glaring point here; the outward journey from St.Petersburg/Petrograd was
ALWAYS the odd number and the returning route the even number. Yet here
we have a very clear 36 outward and 35 return!
6. This shows a nice TIKHORETSKAYA.122'TSARITSYN/1-6.1.16. The reverse
route 121 is not common.
7. This one is a scarce TPO/RPO: NADEZHD.*282*GOROBLAGOD.Z./2-24.12.12.
This was the branch line from Goroblagodatskoe, north of Nizhnii Tagil
on the line from Perm' to Nadezhdinskii Zavod. Route 281, probably the
scarcer of the two, was going up the branch line; route 282 coming down
to the main line. In part 2 of this article on station postmarks, I will
show the postmark of GOROBLAGODATSKOE/VOKZ. This gives the exact status
of the branch postal facility at the station; I have also seen the name
GOROBLAGODATSKAYA, which must refer to the post office in the town. In
their book on "Russian Postmarks", Robinson & Kiryushkin have
GOROBLAGODATOVSKAYA on the railway map shown on p.106. One curious point
about this TPO/RPO marking; the "Z" stands for Zavod, but it is on the
wrong side! It belongs to the abbreviated NADEZHD(INSKII), not the
GOROBLAGODATSKAYA part (EDITORIAL COMMENT: Prigara gives the name as
Goroblagodatskaya in his TPO/RPO listing in the original Russian book).
This is canceller "2", numbered rather than sub-lettered. It would be
nice to see both canceller "1" and the reverse route, No.281.
8. Another difficult one. This is route 228, the narrow-gauge railway
from Merv station on the Transcaspian Railway down to Kushka on the
Afghan border. Here we see KUSHKA-228-MERV 'b'-12.?.10. This was the
northward journey up into Russia. The southward route No.227 must be
., Now I trespass into Transcaucasia, the sanctuary of Peter Ashford. I
show here a fine BATUM*96*BAKU-b, dated 29.8.06. This predates Peter's
"b" type on the Transcaucasian Railway, his p.324 (bottom) and
illustration on p.326. I have some other glorious examples of routes
95/96 for the Batum-Baku line, including a recently added "e"(see p.327).


Fig. 10. Fig. 11. Fig. 12.

10. Undoubtedly one of the scarcest routes to find, or so I have found it,
is route 97/98, the Poti-Samtredi line. After the line was extended from
Samtredi down to Batum, the original line to Poti found itself rather out *
of business. Some years ago at a London stamp fair, I picked up a scrappy
card, shown here in its entirety, with a lot of crossing out. The drawing
I have added here in Fig.10 is a composite made up from the two part
postmarks and, yes, it is a 98, Poti-Samtredi. It was going inland and

then transferred to the ship to be sent to England. My drawing is
passable, but I can state that there is nothing between the names and
and the route number, neither dashes nor stars and there is no sub-
letter at the base, just a tiny star. The date is faint too, with no
dating in the card message, but it seems to be from August 1906. I
would suggest that Nos.97/98 are the scarcest of routes and should rank
high in any valuation table. But maybe a collector out there has a
dozen or so!
11. This is also an uncommon type, route 276, as shown here on this POW
card to Croatia, then part of the disintegrating Austro-Hungarian
Empire. The rate of 3 kop. was not enough and the marking in blue
crayon (postage due), together with the Austrian censorship cachet,
obscure part of the postmark KUSTAREVKA*276*VERNADOVKA*16.8.17. It was
not delivered until 3 Dec.1917. This railway was a link line from thcu
Syzran'-Ryazan' route to the Penza-Morshansk-Tula railway.
12. A nice strike of the KERCH'-131-DZHANKOI-a marking, dated 3.12.16.
Kerch' is in the extreme eastern tip of the Crimean peninsula, with the
line travelling west, a branch down to Feodosiya and joining the line
coming north from Sevastopol' and Simferopol' at Dzhankoi. An uncommon
route and the reverse direction, No.132 to Kerch', must be equally
Now I come to three jokers in the pack'

"... '" i <- i^, ^ Tl i X

*..N "' *
-I~r~yr i

Fig. 15.

13. This is a fine cover shown on p.61 and with the 10-kop. rate paid by
5x2-kop. stamps sealing the reverse and cancelled with four fine strikes
of the TPO/RPO SIMBIRSK RUZAEVKA-b marking, dated 1.4.1. There is no
route number, only a blank space between the names and the year is a
black square! The receipt postmark of Copenhagen is dated 7.7.17. I
think that this was possibly a temporary canceller made during the
revolutionary period, or a part-route. Since it has the sub-letter "b",
does that imply that there was also an "a" canceller? Who has a twin to
this one?
14. This is a puzzle and shown on p.61. The postcard was franked with
3-kop. and an extra 2-kop. stamp added for the 5-kop. rate in 1918. The
postmark on the 3-kop. stamp clearly reads PENZA-MORSHANSK,187,25.1.18
(the final figure 3 in the date-bridge was NOT part of the year). It
seems to have been a temporary canceller. The route from Penza was east
to Ruzaevka at one time, then it was changed to a southern direction:
Penza-Balashov. This route appears to be westward, but it cannot be
route 187 as that number was allotted to Novonikolaevsk-Krasnoyarsk on
the Transsiberian line and there were no changes to the number of that
route. Any ideas? (EDITORIAL COMMENT:On examining, found to be bogus,).
15. The last joker, also given on p.61, is a nice 3-kop. stationery card
with a fine oval POCHTOVYI VAGON/158/7.6.12. This just has to be a
temporary canceller. I surmise that the regular one was route 158 was
lost and that the clerk had a temporary one made. How often did the
postal clerk apply it? Does anyone else have a strike? Come to think of
it, I do not have a standard type for route 158, which was assigned to
Urbakh-Aleksandrov Gai.
(EDITORIAL COMMENT: There is a strong possibility that this was a
"relief" postmarker, i.e. the postal district stores or the TPO/RPO
administration may have had on hand a series of postmarkers inscribed
POCHTOVYI VAGON at top, with provision for any number to be inserted at
bottom. When any of the standard cancellers required repairs, a "relief"
postmarker would have been requisitioned and applied until the standard
canceller had been serviced and returned. We will only know for sure if
temporary markings are found in this style with numbers pertaining to
other routes. We appeal to readers to come forward with any such

There is so very much more to add to the subject of the oval TPO/RPO
postmarks, but let us leave something for next time. In a superb article
in the BJRP Golden Jubilee issue No.63 by Dr.Edward Kossoy on the un-
numbered TPOs/RPOs, which includes some of the oval TPOs/RPOs, he also
illustrates the Transcaspian SAKHCHERI-SHAROPAN' on postcard, which I
have on a card and on a 10-kop. 1915 War Charity issue. The RIGA-TUKKUM,
TULA-LIKHVIN and ROSTOV-BAKU OTD are shown there too. There is a superb
article in BJRP No.59 by Ian Baillie and Eric Peel on Estonian postmarks
in the Imperial period, full of examples of the circular and oval types,
such as for Revel' Stn., Valk Stn., Mail Coaches 39/40, 89/90 and Nos.
271/272 for the Valk-Shtokmansgof narrow gauge railway. A great deal of
work has been done on the Chinese Eastern Railway, i.e. routes 259/260,
261/262, 263/264 and 265/266. In all honesty, I would back a really
good 97/98 against one of those any day!

All the numbers from 300 onwards are scarce. Most of them were
introduced late in the Tsarist era, beginning in 1912 and some not until
1915 or 1916. So, good strikes are scarce in that narrow period. As I
close this section, I would like to mention routes that I have not seen,
but there must surely be covers out there with them: 193/194 Arkhangelsk-
Vologda, 129/130 Vapnyarka-Tsvetkovo (I have a very poor strike on a
1917 postcard) and a whole list of others. I do have a fine strike of
Belgorod-251-Kupyansk on a 10-kop. War Charity of 1915.

This must be a vaster area then the TPOs/RPOs. Before embarking on the
* items that I think are worth showing here and recording, I might just
mention oval vokzal postmarks that ought to exist, but which I have
never seen: Feodosiya/Vokzal in the Crimea and ArkhangeTsk/Vokzal in
the extreme north. Khar'kov, Konotop and Tula had enough city post
offices and it was presumably not economical for the Railway Postal
Division to open station offices. The circular types for Khar'kov/
Vokzal and Vil'na/Vokzal indicate their location as being near or by the
station. Why was there not a station office in Blagoveshchensk?
Presumably for the same reason; there were enough offices in town, in
addition to mailing facilities on board the steamers calling at the quay.


.._, ... ..... ..
Fig. 16. Fig. 17. Fig. 18.

16. Here are two common types for the Moscow Kazan' Station Office; one
reads KAZAN. VOKZ. and the other KAZANSK. VOKZ.
17. MERV/VOKZAL: out in Transcaspia, at the junction of the main Trans-
Caspian Railway and the narrow gauge line, mentioned earlier to Kushka.
18. A beautiful strike of KRASNOVODSK/VOKZAL on a stampless soldier's
cover to Ashkhabad, dated 19.6.16.

.. -t \N-.\) ~~.~rI:~

Za i x qt
r'' f,:N.., ,
Fig. 21
.,77 7. :-

19. As mentioned beforehand, here is the GOROBLAGODATSKOE/VOKZ. postmark.
I have this on two separate postcards. See the illustration on p.63.
20. This is from a glorious cover, with the 7-kop. imprinted stamp and
an added 3-kop. adhesive. Two beautiful strikes of TIKHORETSKAYA/ZHEL.
DOR. POCH. OTD., obviously the station postmarks of the Tikhoretskaya
Railway Station Postal Service. A similar wording occurs on the Bryansk
station postmark: BRYANSK/ZHEL. DOR. POCH. OTD. It makes a change from
VOKZAL! Once again, see p. 63.
21. I said, as we all know, that the towns of Khar'kov, Konotop and Tula
had enough town post offices and that there were no railway post offices
run by the railway postal section. It has been established, thanks to
Robinson & Kiryushkin, also independently by Gary Combs of Rossica, that
the circular VOKZAL types indicated location by or near the station. So,
surprise, surprise, here is an oval KHAR'KOV VOKZAL postmark! When is an
oval Vokzal postmark not a Vokzal postmark? When it is Khar'kov. Shown
here is a cover I bought recently. The postmarks, repeated on the back
over the 10/7-kop. Nicholas II stamps, read KHAR'KOV/VOKZAL-kh,1.2.17.
The registration handstamp reads KHAR'KOV VOKZAL/No.0710 V/POCHT. TEL.
KONTORA. The P.T.K.s were run by the ordinary post office, not the
railway postal section. The postmark shape is an aberration! Apparently,
a new canceller was needed for Khar'kov Vokzal and the manufacturer,
used to oval Vokzal, did just that. Or can someone out there prove that,
in 1917, a post office run by the railway section was opened in Khar'kov?
And how about a sub-letter "kh" for a station canceller! See p.63.
22. This postmark does not belong here, but I had to tag it on. The old
circular cancellers sometimes make an appearance in the period from 1912
onwards. Perhaps when the volume of mail was really heavy and they
drafted another clerk or two to help, pressing into service the old
circular cancellers. Or when a new one had not yet arrived; out of the
drawer comes the old one. Here is a nice 3-kop. Romanov on a postcard
with a beautiful circular CHERNIGOVSKOE/ZHELEZNODOR.P.O. 30.IX.19-13.
In the 1916 Postal List, a number of towns are given as having offices
designated as Vokzals, but if there is no ZH.D.P.O. note, then it is not
a postal desk run by the Railway Postal Section, but by the Imperial
Post Office, however close to a station it may be. I refer readers to my
notes on circular Vokzal markings in "The Rossica Journal" No.116 for
April 1991, pp.28-29. See my illustration on p.63 herewith.


must be
but once
the others
are not so

~~&lu c? cz&Uc8UNCauze.,

ilVI. 14 1 1

3 Bb eniasxyao x~ornnopy

N2 4.1 kF) .) J

M.ig. 23a. 6
'.. 'Fi g, 23i

23. I show here a fine cover to Tashkent, franked with a 35-kop. Arms
stamp. Good postmarks of ANDIZHAN/VOKZAL and registration label of same.

c 1 Ivwaliiu ClnBepo-3 naAi.ixb 1i- %e.' "n fT1 1T .
E. ....- ,I Ni M 987
S .. 3zeranozopoMa I


". i rge 2r pr v-

--- 1*,, ., .; .

....m P O, E a'n
,,,I 2 ,i "' 2" ,_ 2

..... .. F ..... *:]

25. Finally, a cover shown at the top of the next page from Dvinsk
RIGO-ORLOVSKOI ZHD./H.D.P.O., i.e. rlovskii/aya/oe is Orl in the

adjectival form. What we are talking about here is the station in Dvinsk
-Y :- -. .: '

... *** ^ ^ -..:_ ; .' .. ',:- ': -' 4 .'. -, :^
24.' Thre ra laes ai

25.Finallyacover 2.n aof tfro
:.., : :. .. ...., ..:f
,, d,,.; _;. ,,

on the railway line running from Riga to OrCl.

Fig. 25. g2l

Dr.Raymond Casey, president of the BSRP, recently found the directive
authorising the registration of mail on railway postal vans. With thanks
to Dr. Casey for the information and to John Woollam for his help, it was
issued on 29 May 1914 and it authorised the use of a
3 xh handstamp as shown here. Mr. Woollam has two superb
covers registered on TPOs/RPOs. One cover bears the
1T. B.g four values of the 1915 War Charity issue with fine
postmarks of PONEVEZH*201*BEREZVECH'-b 4.4.15 and a
handstamp with the route number 201 filled in. His second cover is even
more spectacular: two 10-kop. Arms tied by postmarks of KOL'CHUG.(INO)*
332*YURGA-b, dated 21.10.16 and with a handstamp with printed route 332.
The TPOs/RPOs for routes in the 300s are scarce and this cover must rank
RRR. Mr. Woollam has a third cover, franked with Soviet stamps cancelled
with an oval TPO/RPO postmark PETROGRAD*191*KIEV-b and a handstamp with
the route section filled in above as 191.

LeTimt'a A0opo T\ /l *"- v'^
U s
- ---- -.. .~ Q

26. I have a single example, as shown at the bottom of the previous page.
This is a cover to the Danish Red Cross, franked with a block of 4x10 kop.
Arms with a bit of margin and fine postmarks of L'GOV 144 BRYANSK-d. The
date seems to be 23.5.16, though the year could be 18; it has not taken
on any of the four strikes. The registration handstamp has the route
number written in: 144. The top section of the handstamp, where there is
the printed No. indication is, we believe, for the number of letters so
registered that day. In the case of my cover, it was the second such
letter. In the case of the others, the number entered is a "1"; not very
many letters were registered on the TPOs/RPOs! While such registered
covers are very scarce indeed, there must be more around, so let us see

FR tsmni-Petari P.i-

\ X 263 ___1
R eLsm t .t PH:fors-P:burg D. y

Fig. 27.

my good friend Rene Hillesum of Holland, one of the
of Finland.

27. I must add here
that, while we
would leave the
Grand Duchy of
Finland out of the
picture (it had its
own postmarks), the
St. Petersburg -
Helsingfors Railway
did register covers
on the postal van
and it had its own
registration labels
My final
illustration here
shows an Imperial
cover registered on
the Two Capitals
magnificent item
is in the
collection of my
foremost collectors

We have covered a lot of ground here on this subject, but there is still
an immense area to be examined. I hope that I have opened up the field
and I look to you, further collectors, to add to each section. Even if
you write in to say that some surmises I have made are in error, or to
give earlier and later examples, or to fill in the scores of gaps. I
have much more in my collection, but will stop and leave room for others.

g.! t" ,~4CA .

l e. QefK't-
|<~ L3 (q ;Cf *
?1&*?~~~~ V^-^ .^ /

..... ..........-.. ..
d k 2i ..,ct ,, .

To start the ball
rolling, an example
is given here of a
free postage card,
sent internally
during the Civil
War period and
showing a fine
strike of the DNO/
a/VOKZAL 18.4.21
station marking of
this small town in
Pskov province, on
its way to Petrograd.
* *

`'U 4 4 *


This corner will be a
regular feature in
tribute to the many
thousands of Ukrainian
immigrants who, by their
hard work, have enriched
their country of adoption,
namely Canada. As most of
them came from the western
provinces of the Ukraine, we
will be featuring items from J
Bukovina, Carpatho-Ukraine & Galicia.


by Andrew Cronin

Fekete is a common surname in this province and is a direct Hungarian
translation of the Ukrainian word "chornyj" = Black. In his recent book
on the postal history of Subcarpathia (Carpatho-Ukraine; see the review
on p.79), Dr. Bela SimAdy gives a pithy anecdote in Hungarian, facing
the frontispiece and it goes somewhat like this:-

Fekete dies and is received by St. Peter at the Pearly Gates up in
"Tell me, Fekete, what sort of a man were you?"
"Well, I was born in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy; I went to school in
Czechoslovakia; when I reached military age, I served as a Hungarian
soldier; then I worked for the Ukrainian National Council and, soon
afterwards, I found myself in the Soviet Union, where I took university
courses in the evenings".
"You were a great traveller, Fekete, my son!"
"But Father, I never set foot outside Uvhorod!"

That story pretty well sums up the history of the province in this
century and we can find plenty of philatelic material to prove it.

Let us look now at the story of another man called Fedir Fekete (Feketa),
who lived in this province during the 18th. & 19th. centuries. He was
from Tur'yi Remety (Turjaremete in Hungarian), the oldest village in
the Tur'ya valley. It is situated 9 km.(5 miles) south-east of Perechyn,
the district centre and 21 km.(13 miles) north-east of Ulhorod (see the
map inset at the top of the next page).

Fedir Feketa was a noted "lystonosha" or letter carrier in Tur'yi Remety
and, after his death in 1838, his memory was immortalised on a plaque in
the facade of the village church. As we can see in the illustration at
top right on p.69, taken from the book "Pam'yatnyky Zakarpattya",
"Karpaty" Publishers, Ulhorod 1972, his figure is given at top, followed

* r.

I -^



d .r

ir *..

"lmu:. u :Ae:C aptAp.sT.: CasMu MCTI *iaiiie..ii
nmJm umeKc speunpnxrrm cm1 mecTs rsas-jeams

HlAneKC pejnpMSTMR CBS3n u aApec ornpaIunrTn

CCCP, ~ue 9A ^.

r. a342 AcUy P. I0

by his name in Latin letters and then a Cyrillic inscription, which
shows Church Slavonic (Old Slavonic) and Ukrainian influences. It
translates as follows:-
"In memory of the kindliness, sobriety, honesty and service of the envoy &
Theodore Feketa, (who) died in the year of (The) Lord 1838".

This unusual and interesting plaque has been featured on four versions
of Soviet stamped envelopes that have been placed on sale at post
offices in the province, with appropriate inscriptions in Russian and
Ukrainian, reading: "Transcarpathian Province. Perechyn District. Tur'yi
Remety. Memorial to the letter carrier Fedir Fekete (19th. century)".
They were all produced at the GOZNAK Factory in Perm' and, according to
the technical data given on the backs, they may be classified as follow:
(a) The first envelope, with an imprinted 4-kop. stamp, was issued on
8August 1979.
(b) The second version, now with an imprinted 5-kop. stamp, appeared
on 6 June 1984.
(c) The third type, also of 5-kop. value, came out on 22 August 1985
(see the illustration at the bottom of the last page).
(d) The final effort, again of 5-kop. value, was issued on 12 July 1989.

There are quite a few other items of Soviet postal stationery with
references to the province. Many are of historical and thematic interest
and background data will be given in future issues of "The Post-Rider".


Is there a question or point you would like to put
across to the readership; is there an interesting
stamp, cancellation or cover that you would like to
describe; is there an item in your collection that o o
could use some clarifying information, or might there 0 o0
be some gems of wisdom that you could impart on some ^ o o0
newly acquired item ? 0o" e

Share your questions, thoughts and wisdom, in the confines
of a couple of paragraphs with the rest of our readers


(a) Re the article by Ya. Afangulskii in "The Post-Rider" No.27 about
A.A. Zhdanov and his times, I can report that three'Soviet stamped
envelopes have been issued in honour of the composer N.Ya. Myaskovskii
and two for his famous contemporary S.S. Prokof'ev. Please see the
illustrations at the top of the next page for a 4-kop. design put out
on 10 Feb. 1981 for Myaskovskii and an earlier 4-kop. value, issued on
22 Jan. 1971 with the head of S.S. Prokof'ev against the background of
the Gavotte from his charming Classic Symphony (1916-17), which he
dedicated to a fellow composer, Boris Vladimirovich Asaf'ev.
(b) Expanding on the personal theme of A.A. Zhdanov, his birthplace of
the seaport of Mariupil'/Mariupol' was renamed in 1948 after his death

coIeTCKNM KorMnoflTOp

H...CKC p...Xnp :... T ..H: C3 m ...K T m ae
HWuene npelnP~rH C339u meTm na3xaqermg



in his honour. So, we can also look for ZHDANOV postmarks; the city has
reverted to its original name after the death of I.V. Stalin. In
* addition, the universities in Irkutsk and Leningrad were named after him
and they must have used postage meters including that title. The same
situation would have applied for the Institute of Architecture on
Zhdanov Street in Moscow. Thus, there is plenty of material to collect!

(c) Finally to the theme of Staliniana, raised
by Ya. Afangulskii in "The Post-Rider" No.26,
I can show the postmark of Novyi Svet/Novyj
Svit in the Stalin (now Donets'k) province,
Starobeshove-district,Ukraine,applied as late .
as 22.11.60 with sub-letter "b" on a cover to
"Zavety Il'icha" ("The Testaments of V.I.
Lenin") in Moscow province, where it arrived
on 26 November. /fr ., <,,,

Helmut Weikard, Hamburg, Germany.

The illustrations at the bottom of the previous page show the usage of
a beer-bottle label from the "Bavaria" Pilsener Brewery, the other side
of which was utilised to send it at the local visiting-card rate of Ik.
from the St.Petersburg-28 office on 1.1.1910 to Mr. Nikolai Ivanovich
Kreving at Voznesenskii Lane No.6. Although obviously non-standard mail,
it went through without comment to the addressee. The label was printed
in St.Petersburg by the Brandt Lithographic Company. Does anyone have
other examples of unusual pieces of mail?

Andrew Cronin, Toronto, Canada.

(a) Re the question just raised by Mr. Weikard above, please see here
a piece of mail in the form of a leaf, headed POSTAGE CARD.(sic) and
sent at the foreign postcard rate by N. Vikhireff, a Soviet
philatelist well-known in the 1920s. The postage stamp has been
stitched to the leaf, so that it would not fall off.The item was posted
at Yalta in the Crimea on 10 July 1928. That post office originally had
doubts about handling such an item, as seen by the oval YALTA/TAVR.G./
DOPLATIT' marking crossed out just above the 7-kop. stamp and the same
treatment for the boxed "T" and Tartar word written at top left.
Miraculously, the leaf got to its destination in New York City pretty
well intact, except for the tip at right and it is still in a good
state of preservation after 63 years!

(b) Some further items of STALINIANA are known on the next page, i.e.
(i) A Colombian FDC of 19 July 1945 with the heads of Stalin, Roosevelt
and Churchill overprinted in blue, red and black on the current 5 cent.
(ii) The triptych issued by East Germany on 28 July 1970 to commemorate
the 25th. anniversary of the signing of the Potsdam Agreement on 2 Aug.
1945. Stalin is readily recognisable in his white summer uniform on the
central stamp, with his Foreign Minister V.M. Molotov and Deputy Foreign
Minister A.Ya. Vyshinskii to his right, as well as P.M. Clement Attlee.
(iii) A Polish reg. cover from STALINOGROD-1, 29.9.53. Can our Polish
readers tell us what was the original name for this town and the time-
span of the STALINOGROD usage?





L.0 T C' JZA

Michael J. Carson, Tuscola, U.S.A.


.,. .." .. : ....... .. .......... ....... .. .-- .. ... "............."..

\,- X -
A.pec o pa T, ::-- ....... .. ...- -.... ., -.. -.

I am showing here a photocopy of a cover I purchased at INDYPEX in Sept.

1990, whose significance I did not realize at the time. The 50-kop.
postal stationery envelope was cancelled 7.1.41 in Russian on the L'VOV-
PEREMYSHL' TPO/RPO route in the newly acquired Western Ukraine. The
sender was Tekla Moczulska in the village of Rodatychi, province of
L'viv/L'vov. In correspondence with Ivo Steyn, he wrote back in
amazement, saying that he had never heard of TPO/RPO mail from the

former Polish territories. One question raised by the cover is the
meaning of the initials "P.V.B." at the bottom of the cancel. The P.V.

obviously stand for Pochtovyi Vagon, but what does the B mean? It has
been suggested to me that it may simply be a route designation, used
instead of a route number, i.e. Postal Van B. Any thoughts or
suggestions about this, or any other aspect of the cover would be most
welcome from the readership.
S Vclav Zeman, Prague,
P'l 'BCzechoslovakia.
s Re the scarcity of the
S Aircraft design in the
a f set of four charity
oro PAoliu t rrooiiM nolr IiI ti roil Aine IM stamps issued for the
victims of famine in
obio s fori och y V1922, I am showing
S. here a block of eight
of this stamp with
Sinterpanneau, used
postally at TOMSK-k,
ron,\~o ulM iaiiaHi M ,rI i iniM I.hI I 18 .12 22.

Further to the review by A. Artuchov of the catalogue of Russian stamps
by A.G. Mayorov in "The Post-Rider" No.26, p.50, the pricing of these
stamps in the USSR has always been based on the French Yvert & Tellier
catalogue. Because the value of the rouble is problematic, Mr. Mayorov
was forced to use the point system, as that is constant. He has a short
note on p.3 of his catalogue, saying that 1 point = 0.5 Yvert francs.
Example. Face value Mint Used Points/Francs
No. 21 (Mayorov) 20 kop. 1000 120 points
No. 22 (Y&T 1985) 20 kop. 500 60 Yvert francs.
Mayorov does not have the same numbering as Yvert. I hope that my
short explanation will be useful.

G.G. Werbizky, Vestal, N.Y., U.S.A.

1 -

'*^ i

(a) In "The Post-Rider" No.17 for Nov.1985, A. Artuchov and the late
A.M. Rosselevitch show in the article "The Cancellations of South Russia"
many markings applied in White Army territory during 1917-1920. The
postmark for ROSTOV VOKZAL (Rostov Railway Station) is also shown on
p.40, but it is incomplete. I recently came across the envelope given
above. It is a registered entire, addressed to Vera Zenkevich, Rostov/
Don post office, Poste Restante (General Delivery). We see on the back
two pairs of Denikin stamps: 2 r. & 3 r., cancelled ROSTOV VOKZAL "a"
17.6.20; the sub-letter in the illustration in the original article. The
stamps also bear the arrival cancellation of ROSTOV DON 18.6.20.

(b) In the same issue and article in "The Post-Rider", as well as in
Dr. R.J. Ceresa's series, Vol. 3, The Armies, Parts 6-12, there are
comprehensive listings of the markings in South Russia, but I can
report a new one, not mentioned in either of those two works. It is on
a 5 r. Denikin perforated stamp and reads KERCHENSKII .......K ...8.20.
That is all that can be read and any help in deciphering the second
part of the place-name would be appreciated from the readership.
EDITORIAL COMMENT: The second word in the place-name may possibly be
"BUERAK" = a gorge or ravine.
above. It is a ... ni s o r

Dr.4 but. it ias soeriesVol.3,TheArmi. IPacrs 6the there gven

reortn aost office, nostmentioedi eisher ofnerl tser two wkns the iack
two ars r. Denikinper a stamps: andr. & res cancelledKI .OSTOV VKZAL "0a"
That is hell thatlean in r te ad lustdration in theiorring thetiecle.n

(b) of the sae- iname would ie aprnei ate frosm the asr elae rihi n

EDITORIAL COMMENT: The second word in the place-name may possibly be

"BUERAK" = a gorge or ravine. 17r

Herman Z. Hirsch, Bloominqton, U.S.A.


B I ",11|' l i'll I '11 I .1 \1 IH.. '.-l

4 .ro'*,0,i:lt I s!

I 1aiIonI Ih!;I

.1 Ir r 11, 1. 1 i
tI,,ii S y A .,,,Ite ,d .r/.c-, .. ,. n ,Ho l l.,n, .. .. i 1,. ..;:,

Ivo Steyn, Amsterdam, Holland.

.- ---k

* *k

I need help from
members to
identify this
letter-card. Is it
Russian or French,
who issued it and
for what reason
and who is the
person in the
This is a private
Russian product,
celebrating the
visits of the
French & Russian
navies and
showing the late
Tsar Aleksandr III
Can our readers
add further data
to benefit us all?

Here is another
PROMBANK regist-
ration marking,
but this time on a
money letter from
Moscow 15.6.26 to
Smolensk. The reg.
marking translates
as "PROMBANK and
its 75 branches/
carry out all
banking operations"
The postmark reads
This is now the
second known
example of an
marking in the
USSR during the
period of the New
Economic Policy
of the 1920s.
Readers are kindly
requested to
report further
finds in this
unusual area.



52-page magazine in A4 format, issued by The British Society of Russian
Philately. All enquiries to the Treasurer, A.T. Blunt, Riber House,
13 Auden Close, Osbaston, Monmouth, Gwent NP5 3NW, England.

This issue leads off with a timely editorial on current political events
in our spheres of collecting, followed by Two-Number Code on Russian Mail
to West (very useful!), by W.J. de Jongh; Excerpt from "Khronika",
trans. by D. Skipton; Russian P.O. in Samos, by D. Morrison; Freedom
Loan Propaganda Cards, by J.G. Moyes; 1920 Blagoveshchensk Issue (very
informative!), Stamps & Postal History, Postcard used as a M.O. and
London Stamp World 1990, all by Ivo Steyn; 10k. & 20k. Thunderbolts
before 1904, by Dr. V. Mallegni; Russia's Northern Fleet, by P.E.
Robinson; Addenda & Errata; Society News and Book Reviews. Editor Ivo
Steyn has carried a large share of the load in this issue!

magazine of 64 pages, issued by The Rossica Society of Russian Philately.
All enquiries to the Editor, Gary A. Combs, 8241 Chalet Court,
Millersville, Maryland 21108, U.S.A.

This number contains an Editorial; Society Reports; Obituary on Souren
Serebrakian; Prusso-Russian Convention of 19 June/i July 1843,Brest-Kholm
Line and Snippets from "Khronika", all trans. by D. Skipton; Odessa
P&T Services 1808-1869, by I.W. Roberts; First Stage in Postal Workers'
Union, trans. by D. Walker; Russian Deltiology Part II, by Dr. W.R.
Nickle; Wrangel Army Stamps, by Y. Souren; Siberian List-Letters 1917-
1919 by H. Taitl, trans. by Dr. P. Michalove; Circular Vokzal Postmarks,
by Rev.L.L. Tann; Allied Intervention in North Russia (excellent!), by
J. Taylor; Postmark Reading in Belorussian & Ukrainian, by Dr. P.
Michalove; Overprints of Scott 2666, by A. Andreev, trans. by S. Allen;
Postcard from 669 Days of Infamy, by Dr. P. Michalove & G.G. Werbizky;
Soviet Meter Mail Markings, by L. Il'ichev, trans. by G. Combs; Count
Alexander Grabbe, by L. Plotkin; Customs Censorship in 1960s, by G.G.
Werbizky, to conclude with catalogue and literature reviews, listing of
new members, advts, literature for sale, etc. This journal has
certainly improved under its new management.

TIOTA No.9 for December 1990. A 54-page journal in A4 format, the organ
of The Australia & New Zealand Society of Russian Philately. All
enquiries to the Secretary-Treasurer, Terry Archer, 313 Mahurangi East
Road, Snells Beach, Warkworth, New Zealand. Annual membership in the .

Society, including receipt of its journals and newsletters, is now
US $21.00 (surface) and US $28.00 (airmail) for overseas members.

This issue contains an Editorial; Correspondence between Russia and
Australia-New Zealand (nice material here); Joint Australia-USSR
Antarctic Issue, Reports on NEW ZEALAND 1990; Soviet Medium & Heavy Tanks,
American Relief Administration, 1922 Reply Paid Envelope, Siberian 1930s'
Tourist Postcard, Petrograd Invalidating Handstamp, Ziehrer Card showing
Stamps, New Issue Chronicle, Literature Received and Book Review: The
Russians & Australia, all by Dr.A.R. Marshall; Comments on Expertising
Marks, by G.G. Werbizky; 3-Triangle Cancels, Cash Frankings in Inflation
Era & Postal Increase 7k. to 10k., all by M.J. Carson; Three-Triangle
Comments, by Ivo Steyn; 1391 Azov Letter, by D. Mayo; Members'
Achievements; Review of "Russian Postal Censorship 1914-1918" and
Imperial Chancellery Postmark, both by N.R. Banfield. A well-rounded
issue indeed!

by Dr.H.F. Stich & W. Stich. A 162-page paperback in A5 format, issued by
the authors and available from Theo van Dam, P.O. Box 8809, Anaheim,
California 92812, U.S.A. at US $18.00 postpaid anywhere.

The field covered by this work is so vast that only an overview can be
given, as pointed out by the authors. While an enormous amount of data is
included, the treatment of many facets is skimpy, or absent altogether.
Also, the original print-ready manuscript has been reduced so much that
the final product is not easy to read. There is nothing in our areas of
interest that has not been treated better elsewhere but, at least, the
authors do indicate where to look for further information.

THE POSTAGE STAMPS OF RUSSIA 1917-1923, Vol.3. THE ARMIES, Parts 19-21,
Addenda to North-Western & Northern Armies, Siberia & F.E.R., by Dr. R.J.
Ceresa. A 172-page paperback in A4 (roughly legal size) format, available
from the author at "Fairview Cottage", Quarry Lane, Gorsley, Ross-on-Wye,
Herefordshire HR9 7SJ, Engalnd at A19 p.p. in the U.K., US $39.00 p.p. to
North America, 920 p.p. to Europe and US $42.00 p.p. elsewhere.

Dr. Ceresa does a valiant job trying to sort the wheat from the chaff in
these difficult areas, but it is very hard going. He has extended our
knowledge and we in the CSRP intend to keep giving a helping hand; see
A. Epstein's article on OKCA usages in this issue of "The Post-Rider".
The Czechoslovak Legion in Siberia is another area where most of the
available material smells from a great distance. We shall be publishing
a comprehensive study of the latter subject in a future issue of "The
Post-Rider", so as to answer some of the questions raised by Dr. Ceresa.

Speeckaert. A 327-page softbound book, size 16.5x 24 cm., published by
The Royal Philatelic Society of the Land of Waas and obtainable from the
author at J.B. Noweleistraat 24A, B-1800 VILVOORDE, Belgium postpaid for
f18 or US $35.00.

This wonderful work is an extensive update of the original Flemish
edition, issued four years ago but now in two well-known languages:
German and English. It will undoubtedly be the standard reference on the
subject for years to come and is very highly recommended. Further
details on its scope will be found in the special announcement about the
book elsewhere in this number of "The Post-Rider" on page 24.

i.e. "The Postal History of the Carpatho-Ukraine"), by Dr. Bela Simady.
A 178-page softbound book in A4 (legal size) format, published by the
National Federation of Hungarian Philatelists (MABEOSZ), Budapest 1991,
in an edition of only 110 copies.

Adding to the growing literature about this complex and enthralling
area of collecting, this is a magnificent treatment of all aspects of
the postal history and stamp issues, adding even to the comprehensive
data already given in the recent book by Miroslav Blaha. The text is
entirely in Hungarian, but easy for any Carpatho-Ukrainian collector to
follow, as there are many clear illustrations of delectable material and
. the information is concisely tabulated. Our own journal "The Post-Rider"
is quoted in the bibliography and we have been able to obtain a small
supply of this already scarce book; please see the Journal Fund below.

page softbound book in A4 format, obtainable from the author at
Rathsbergerstrasse 30, D-8520 ERLANGEN, Germany for US $50.00 postpaid.
The text is in English throughout and arranged alphabetically.
The second edition of this work, it covers the 1896-1917 period and
many nostalgic themes. Clearly illustrated, including 3 pages of colour
prints and 1 photo, featuring collateral items for Imperial issues.

EESTI KOLLEKTSIONXAR (The Estonian Collector) No.l for Dec. 1990. A 56-
page stapled booklet of just under A4 format in Estonian, Russian and
German, published by the Estonian Historical Museum & ALAS-EWECO at US
$7.00 or equivalent. Payments to the Finnish agent, August Leppa,
Metsolantie 65 A 2, SF-04430 JXRVENPAX, Finland.

S A private production, this new magazine caters to Estonian collectors of
art, numismatics and philately. Estonian postal history and stamp issues
are strongly represented in this issue, the general standard being high.
Orders should be made payable to the CSRP, Box 5722 Station-A, TORONTO,
Ont., Canada. All previous titles are unfortunately sold out.

KARPATALJA POSTATORTENETE (Stamps & Postal History of Carpatho-Ukraine),
by Dr. Bela Simady. Just out & few only! Price postpaid US $16.00.

ARMENIAN SOVIET ENCYCLOPAEDIA, Vol.12, 1986 with entry about philately
& 2 pages in colour of Armenian stamps plus foreign related items. In
Armenian & great conversation piece! Price postpaid US $16.00.

RUSSIA ZEMSTVOS, by F.G. Chuchin; the English edition, reissued by John
Barefoot in 1988 with clear illustrations in the right places on 92 pages
A4 size with Cerlox binding.Fine reference! Price postpaid US $18.00.

Traditional Philately) with an excellent and well-illustrated study of
the USSR Small Heads of 1920s.Easy to read. Price postpaid US $ 6.00.

Ya. Lerner Factory of Handstamps & Seals), being a supplement to the 1907
Post & Telegraph Journal, showing samples of many postal markings, incl.
for non-stamp issuing Zemstvos.Fascinating! Price postpaid US $ 3.00.

LATVIAN MAP STAMPS of Dec. 1918, embodying the latest facts by 4 noted
researchers. A great subject for study. Price postpaid US $ 5.50.


Are you still missing that elusive item in your
collection or philatelic library; do you have some
duplicate material that you would like to trade or
sell ? We can publicise your want-list and/or your z
duplicates for the most reasonable rate of 254 / line 4 .
(minimum of $1.00 payment; maximum insertion of 16
lines), excluding name-and address. Unless otherwise 1
stated, all the catalogue numbers quoted are from Scott.
Ads from collectors only will be accepted. Dealers are
invited to respond.
NOTE: The Society disclaims all responsibility for any
misunderstandings that may result between exchanging parties.

FOR an anthology of writers born in Northern Bukovina (formerly in
Austro-Hungary, now the Soviet Union), I would appreciate hearing from
anyone who has letters or unpublished material by or about Itzik Manger,
Rose AuslAnder, Dan Pagis, Petre Solomon or any others. Personal
reminiscences and materials about the region would also be helpful.
MAXIMILIAN BLEYLEBEN, Box 160, Bard College, Annandale, N.Y.12504,U.S.A.

WANTED: The 1920 Kharkiv (Khaikov) & 1922 KyYv (Kiev) postmaster
provisional issues: select singles, multiples,usage on cover or cards.
Willing to purchase or trade for same. Write or phone (312) 685-4348.
PETER BYLEN, P.O. Box 7193, Westchester, Illinois 60154, U.S.A.

WANTED: Ukraine, Western & Carpatho-Ukraine stamps & postal history,
incl. related material: occupations, Cinderellas & esp. overprints.
Also specialised Russian WWI postal history with (a) Austrian, German &
Russian FPO markings from Bukovina, Galicia, Poland & Ukraine, (b)
Russian censor markings and (c) Russian military & FPO markings.
Dr.RON ZELONKA, 1274 Monks Passage, Oakville, Ont., Canada L6M 1R4.

MUTE CANCELLATIONS of Russia WWI. Information and listings required. I
can spare many duplicates in exchange for this knowledge.
JONAS MICHELSON, P.O. Box 9314, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa.

WANTED: Imperial dotted cancellations on cover; buy, sell or trade.
MIKE RENFRO, P.O. Box 2268, Santa Clara, California 95055, U.S.A.


This is a 55-minute video documentary produced by the Ukrainian
Philatelic and Numismatic Society of Toronto in celebration of the
1000th. anniversary of Christianity in the Ukraine. Narrator Nicholas
Hawrysch guides viewers through the Ukrainian postal service, starting
from the 1720s and up to 1945. He examines actual stamps, letters and
stock film footage throughout the video. Produced by Peter Palijenko,
the video features the artful direction and camera work of Ihor Lomaga
with musical arrangements by Oksana Bryzhun-Sokolyk. Available in
Ukrainian or English, VHS or Beta at Can.$33.00 or US $29.00, plus $3.00
postage from The Ukrainian Philatelic and Numismatic Society of Toronto,
120 South Drive, TORONTO, Ontario, Canada M4W 1R8.

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs