Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Guest editorial: A disturbing...
 Correspondence with Canada
 A visit to the public records office...
 The new Soviet external postal...
 Auction catalogue of Romanov proofs...
 Romanov collateral material
 The Romanov jubilee issue...
 Russian perforations
 Postage stamps issued by the...
 The german enclaves on the...
 Baltic notes
 A Baltic warning
 Out of the box
 Lt. general D. M. Karbyshev
 The joint Russian-Chinese air service...
 A flown cover from a Soviet search...
 Pre-stamp mail and adhesives used...
 Mail from the Baltic Germans in...
 The Grodno despatch postmark
 Philatelic shorts
 Review of literature
 The journal fund
 The collectors' corner

Group Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider ; vol. 12
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/00012
 Material Information
Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider ; vol. 12
Series Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Canadian Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: Canadian Society of Russian Philately
Publication Date: 1983
Subject: Stamp collections -- Russia   ( lcsh )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076781
Volume ID: VID00012
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


This item has the following downloads:

00012 ( PDF )

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Guest editorial: A disturbing trend
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Correspondence with Canada
        Page 4
    A visit to the public records office in London
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    The new Soviet external postal rates
        Page 9
    Auction catalogue of Romanov proofs and essays
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Romanov collateral material
        Page 16
    The Romanov jubilee issue 1913-1983
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
    Russian perforations
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Postage stamps issued by the Zemstvos
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
    The german enclaves on the Volga
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
    Baltic notes
        Page 44
    A Baltic warning
        Page 45
    Out of the box
        Page 46
    Lt. general D. M. Karbyshev
        Page 47
    The joint Russian-Chinese air service via Sinkiang 1939-1941
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
    A flown cover from a Soviet search expedition
        Page 52
        Page 53
    Pre-stamp mail and adhesives used in the Carpatho-Ukraine until 1871
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Mail from the Baltic Germans in 1941
        Page 64
        Page 65
    The Grodno despatch postmark
        Page 66
    Philatelic shorts
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
    Review of literature
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
    The journal fund
        Page 75
    The collectors' corner
        Page 76
Full Text



No. 12



Printed in Canada


P.O. BOX 5722 Station 'A', TORONTO,


MAY 1983.



* 23



Guest Editorial: A Disturbing Trend
Correspondence with Canada
A Visit to the Public Records Office
in London
The New Soviet External Postal Rates
Auction Catalogue of Romanov Proofs and Essays
Romanov Postal Stationery used in Finland
Romanov Collateral Material
The Romanov Jubilee Issue 1913-1983
Russian Perforations
Postage Stamps issued by the Zemstvos
Obituary : Dr. A. H. Wortman, FRPS,L
The German Enclaves on the Volga
Baltic Notes
A Baltic Warning
Out of the Box
Lt.-G-neral D. M. Karbyshev
The Joint Russian-Chinese Air Service
via Sinkiang 1939-1941
A Flown Cover from a Soviet Search Expedition
Pre-stamp mail and adhesives used in the
Carpatho-Ukraine until 1871
Mail from the Baltic Germans in 1941
The Grodno Despatch Postmark
Philatelic Shorts
Review of Literature
Journal Fund
The Collectors' Corner

Ya. Afangulskii
Andrew Cronin
Dr. Robert Bell

Dr.Heinz von Hungen
Marcel Lamoureux
Rev. L. L. Tann
Rev. L. L. Tann
Alex Artuchov

Dr. A.H. Wortman
Ing. Sven Kraul
August LeppA
P. J. Campbell
P. J. Campbell
John V. Woollam

D. G. Cox
Andrew Cronin

Helmut Weikard
James Mazepa

COORDINATORS OF THE SOCIETY: Alex Artuchov, Publisher & Treasurer
P.J. Campbell, Secretary
Andrew Cronin, Editor

The Society gratefully thanks its contributors for
helping to make this an interesting issue.

P wE _




by Ya. Afangulskii.

I have had a solitary pen pal of sorts in the USSR, but it has
been a strange correspondence. Normally, I would hear from him
about once every four years, when he would write a few innocuous
lines just to say that all was well. Everything in moderation,
so to speak. In the intervals between writing, he would let me
know he was still in the land of the living by sending Soviet
philatelic literature.

Like all good things, this stimulating exchange of views and
information between our two great peoples has now come to a
screeching halt. Just before Christmas 1982, I had the traditional
quadrennial letter from him. He stated in it that, as of September
1982, Soviet citizens sending printed matter abroad must first get
special permission each time from an authorised representative of
the Ministry of Culture of the USSR and also pay a tax of 30 kop.
per item. This new regulation applies equally to the fraternal
countries in the Socialist Camp and to capitalist lands.

In our particular case, he had been sending me the monthly journal
"Philately of the USSR". The total cost per month of posting it to
me would now amount to 50 kopeks per issue + 30 kopeks tax + 88
kopeks surface postage at the printed matter rate going abroad, or
1 r. 68 k. in all. Soviet citizens normally have little disposable
income and an outlay by him of 1 r. 68 k. would be equivalent to
my spending $15.00. In short, he would think twice before
disbursing such an amount each month and, as I was only able to
send him in exchange the occasional registered FDC without any
enclosures, we have now decided to break off all contact.

This incident brings back memories I would prefer to forget. I
remember that, during 1932 in the USSR, the philatelic exchange
rules were altered overnight, a couple of categories eliminated
and the local taxes levied on the remainder increased to
prohibitive levels. You can imagine the effect that had on those
few hardy souls who still dared to exchange with philatelists

Such arbitrary and capricious behaviour has not ceased with the
death of the Great Tsar Yozka I of the Dzhugashvili Dynasty (may
his shadow ever lengthen !). Around the end of the 1960s, some
Soviet numismatists were taken to court for possessing silver
rouble coins in quantities, the prosecution basing its case on a

Stalinist law passed in October 1930 and banning the accumulation
of copper and silver coinage by Soviet citizens. Try as they
might, the numismatists could not seem to convince the court that
collecting silver rouble coins by their various dates did not
constitute hoarding.

We now have this new tax on Soviet printed matter, even to the
other Socialist countries. That is ironic since, when you read
their philatelic magazines, you sometimes see pictures of the
leaders of their philatelic federations signing annual protocols
with their Soviet counterparts about cooperation and joint
projects for the coming year. Such a fuss is made about these
affairs that they look like the conclusion of international
treaties between countries, complete with their respective flags.
It makes you wonder whether this new tax will be discussed when
drawing up the protocols for 1984 !

Of course, during the reign of the Great Father of the Peoples, the
techniques for driving persons apart were refined to perfection.
The question arises as to whether this recent reversion to such
tactics is just a chance aberration or one of a series of policies
deliberately being designed to get back to the good old days of
Soviet philatelic isolation.

Only time will tell.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: We trust that our readers will have enjoyed
this guest appearance and our members are cordially invited to
submit further contributions for possible publication in "The
Post-Rider". However, we would ask that the subjects covered be
NOT of general philatelic interest but related specifically to
our collecting spheres.


Due to an unfortunate printing fault in our No. 11 issue, p.16,
Figs. 7 & 8 did not come out clearly. They are given here again
so as to show interested readers the Fulpius Retouch (Fig. 7) and
the Feldmanis Variety (Fig. 8). Our apologies to Monsieur
Liphschutz for the original poor reproduction.

- -., ... .

* F i g 7 . ,-



"Correspondence with Canada" is a regular feature
of this journal. Anyone possessing interesting
Russian mail to Canada is invited to share it
with the readership, by forwarding a photograph
or xercD copy of the item, along with same expla-
natory text to the Editor.


by Andrew Cronin.

The letter shown below and at the top of the next page is in the
form of a re-used cover, which displays several interesting

It was posted during the Inflationary Period on 30 Aug. 1922 at
Khar'kov, in the Ukraine. The sender gave his name as Johann
Neufeld and address as in the province of Khar'kov, Barvenkovo
post office, village of Naumovka. Addressed to Mr. Jakob K. Wiebe
P LIM I Woo- -

. ir. I

t: i

A^ -

/ ---- ---

_____ -_ a.-..- ,

^ c i 4.-. -

r Y -- -

,- ..-,., -'="., __ .-__,_- --
/0 ^ -

^-^---^^ ^^^Vffi~sssa~sJ^''''-^*^ -



tm s.s n wasno b tehakopstfic wc
-.... ......

*, .. ::;1. 6.KC' ^

above that, again inblack,. the intrn 'io "T" marin f,-o.

p ,-sag; due.- Th.i- wou d ,, h 1..ve. b cala .r i.',- ..... "to th ."
%.- _ _

of Herbert, Saskatchewan, it was dropped into the mails without any
stamps. This omission was noted by the Khar'kov post office, which
applied its DOPLATIT' oval marking in black at centre right and,
above that, again in black, the international "T" marking for
postage due. This would have been calculated according to the UPU
regulations as double the deficiency in gold franc currency. That
was worked out in Khar'kov as being equivalent to "c 40", i.e. 40
gold centimes, per the annotation in violet ink at the foot of the
"T". The letter then passed through Moscow on 2nd. Sept. and
arrived in New York City, where the amount due was apparently
misread as 60 gold centimes. This amount was then equivalent to 12
cents U.S. currency at that time and the incorrect DUE 20 CENTS
marking of New York is to be seen at bottom left.

Turning now to the back of the cover, we see the indistinct arrival
marking of Herbert, Saskatchewan, dated some time in September and,
overlapping it, a strip of four x 5< Canadian postage due stamps,
which were cancelled by indelible pencil. The letter was finally
redirected to an address nearby in Regina.

While such postage due examples have been seen reasonably frequently
on mail from Russia to American addresses and even with U.S. postage
due stamps affixed, similar items sent to Canada are much scarcer,
especially with Canadian postage due stamps added. This was due
obviously to the much smaller volume of mail from Russia to Canada
and it would be interesting to know if other readers have such items.


by Dr. Robert M. Bell.

Some years ago I acquired a 1919 cover which had been sent from the
British Military Mission in Roumania. Over the years, despite many
enquiries, I had been unable to clarify the details and function of
this Mission. On a recent trip to London, I had a day to spare and
thought I might find some of the answers at the Public Records Office.

An approximately 45-minute ride from Central London on the District
Line will take you to Kew Gardens, which is not only the home of the
,'- ,,., ,' ,, ., .. .- ,,--,r: -. ; .' % )'' ,--*'. "I ''.' "-).l .,. "
., .. ?- "; ': ;,_ .. .
~ ~ ~ ... ,, ... ';. -". ... .- i. "r.; : "'
..I.n .. .. .. ..u. .. ;. \ ,. .m; :_-,' l ," -' -" r; ," .
1 ,,"" .. ." -m .: 'h .. < : .. -
",~ ~ ~ ~-- .:.., ...ii. ,, : :.. -:i.. :.. .:

Line will take you to Kew Gardens, which is not only the home of the

famous botanical gardens, but also the very impressive and modern
Public Records Office. A half to three-quarter mile walk along
Burlington Avenue into Ruskin Avenue from the Kew Garden Railway
Station will bring one to the very large multi-storeyed building,
which houses much of the British Government's archival material.

The office opens at 9:30am, closing at 5:00pm Monday to Friday.
Admission is free but one has to obtain a Reader's Ticket (valid
for 12 months) by filling out a form and presenting some form of
identification. A passport is acceptable. All luggage, cameras
and coats have to be checked in. Writing paper and pencils are
the only items allowed to be taken into the reference and reading
rooms on the upper floors. These can be purchased at the
Registration Counter if you are without them. No photographs are
allowed to be taken anywhere inside the building and closed-circuit
security cameras are to be seen in most areas. There is a modern
cafeteria on the ground floor, which is not open at all times.
Lunch and afternoon tea are served at the appropriate hours.

The main reference and reading rooms are located on the first
floor (the English first floor is the North American second floor).
These are busy and it takes time to learn how the search-and-find
system works. The courteous librarians are overworked and in short
supply and a line soon forms, particularly when someone is "at tea".
One learns to accept queues and waiting in Britain. Initially, when
one arrives from "instant North America", the situation seems
intolerable but, with a positive attitude, the time can be used
productively in many ways; from muttering one's mantra to planning
the day's events !

With a librarian at your side, you explain that your interest is in
Roumanian material. Following a very kind and helpful explanation
of-the system, you start work. There are many listings, but you
decide to start with the Foreign Office and War Office, in and
around the First World War. A series of very old hand-written file
cards is available for the Foreign Office up to 1919 and a search
under various headings will usually produce a reference file
number or two. Several reference systems were used in those early
days and the numbers have to be converted to the modern system.
There are other broad-subject index books, which will also produce
file numbers. Some files are still "classified"; all after 1949
and some as far back as 100 years, where the information is thought
to be sensitive. Further, you get the impression that there is not
much order to the early material and that much is missing, making
research difficult. Armed with these numbers, you now sit at a
console terminal and "punch in" your order, using the very explicit
foolproof instructions. The big problem here is that you can only
order three files at a time and they take from 30-60 minutes to be
made available. In the meantime, you are provided with a beeper and
given a seat assignment in the reading room.

During the 45-minute wait, I went to the large Document Room on the
third floor, to find that they are preparing a file for publication
giving a list of all their Roumanian maps. This will not be ready
for some time, as their next publication is to be a listing of the
maps of Africa in their collection.

The beeper "fires" and you run downstairs to collect your files,


which turn out to be bound musty letters, telegrams, cipher
documents, maps, pencilled comments, newspapers, etc. As you work
* through this wealth of information, the horror of the First World
War and the subsequent Bolshevik Revolution vividly unfolds before
you. A lost relative at the British Embassy in Bucharest in 1916,
the British concern about the possibility of the Russian General
Denikin moving into Roumania by crossing the Dniester in 1919, a
telegram from Winston Churchill to Denikin about the same Roumanian
situation, details of the British Military Mission in Roumania from
1919 and comments by the Foreign Office that the British Embassy in
Bucharest was being used in 1916 as a "general post office" were
just a few of the finds.

One would have liked to have photocopied some of this material but,
at 20 pence (46 U.S. cents) per copy and the service closing at
4:00pm, there seems, at least initially, to be a concerted
bureaucratic effort to stifle research. Most U.S. libraries charge
10-20 cents a copy, but this is when one does the copying oneself.
Unfortunately, time allowed only one day at Kew and one felt that,
as far as Roumania was concerned, only the tip of the archival
iceberg had been touched. It felt frustrating that one could not
spend more time attempting to unravel the enigmas of various
Roumanian covers, cancellations and correspondence.

I would encourage any enthusiast of postal history to make a visit
to the Public Records Office, with the warning to be patient, plan
well and allow oneself plenty of time. A telephone call to number
(01) 876-3444 and the help of an obliging librarian will determine
the extent of the material, if any, of one's particular interest.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: The information and helpful
hints given by Dr. Bell will also be of great /
value to specialists in our collecting spheres,
particularly those in the Greater London area.
The period he was investigating would also
prove fascinating to Canadian philatelists, as
it would shed light on the contemporary
activities of a legendary hero and diplomat,
Colonel Joseph Whiteside Boyle (photo at right)

He was born in Toronto on 6 Nov. 1867 and grew
up in Woodstock, Ont. At the age of 17, he
shipped as a foremast hand to India and the Far
East on the barque Wallace and was at sea for
three years. By 1887, he was in New York City,.
dealing in livery and becoming active in ;..
sporting circles. That lead him to team up with ,' ...
Frank Slavin, a noted Australian bare-knuckle :
heavyweight boxer, when the news broke about ":
the discovery of gold in the Klondyke. They
joined the first party that crossed the '. '
unmapped White Pass and Joseph displayed great
leadership and initiative in finding the route
. to Lake Bennett.

These qualities eventually led him to become one of the richest men
in the Yukon, practically owning half of Dawson City. With outbreak
of WWI, he raised, trained and equipped at his own expense a 50-man


machine-gun unit, made up mainly of former members of the North West
Mounted Police. This finally led to his being made an honorary
colonel of the Canadian Militia in 1916.

With the entry of the United States into WWI on 6 April 1917,
Colonel Boyle was approached by the American Society of Engineers in
London. Members of the Society had extensive interests in Russia and
sent him with his secretary and a Russian railwayman to help the
Provisional Government stay in the war on the side of the Allies.
His considerable organising abilities helped greatly in keeping the
Russian railways operating on the south-eastern front and, when the
Bolsheviks came into power on 7 November 1917, there is no doubt
that he engaged in intelligence activities for the Allies.

We now come to the Bessarabian interlude. That province was legally
Soviet territory from 7 Nov. 1917 until 26 Jan. 1918, when units of
the Roumanian Army and locally organised "cohorts", as they were
called, of pro-Roumanian irregulars captured the capital of Kishinev
(Chiginau) from the Bolsheviks. Colonel Boyle, together with other
Allied representatives, took part in armistice negotiations between
the Roumanians and the Bolsheviks over Bessarabia, which finally led
to the Dniester River being fixed as the frontier between Roumania
and the USSR. The Soviet Government never accepted the loss of
Bessarabia and this poisoned things between the two countries in the
inter-war period until 28 June 1940, when the USSR took back the
province under an ultimatum.

By the way, when the Roumanians took over Bessarabia, they found
parcel cards and money order forms addressed to other parts of Russia
in the post offices. These could not be delivered because of the
Civil War and some examples have since come onto the philatelic
market. We will cover this subject in detail at a later date, but a
typical example is shown below.
er, ,. 'rr0H aI' P "BO'"T ,A"P "G.fc^-'

KM 1I cuI d C'.., ., AAPEm'', 1' .-,

3 r 2,5 ik lod d'. R s-a s v .a. . B s.r b

/51 n' desptcheecu of Rouman i n terveni o

14 P 3 q1 .4I *4lw m ann eu"QI- 'I
.,! ... ....f.. ....... .. '., ..... ,

... ", i* .',- "- l. l, '-t- "

W ... ... .. ... .

A parcel address card with declared value'... of 20 r. & total fee of
3 r. 25 k lodged by Russian serviceman at '" knitsaSoviet Bessarabia

5.1.18 & never dispatched because of Roumanian intervention.
5.1.18 & never despatched because of Roumanian intervention.


Among Colonel Boyle's other exploits during this period was the
extraction from Moscow in four railway coaches of the Roumanian
Foreign Office archives and paper currency reserves. He also
secretly boarded a ship in Odessa where 72 Roumanian hostages were
being held by the Bolsheviks and organised their escape. He was
officially declared a National Hero for this deed by the Kingdom of
Roumania. He then participated in the distribution of $25 million
in Canadian aid after WWI through the Red Cross and also served as
the Canadian Trade Commissioner in Roumania. His representations on
behalf of Royal Dutch Shell for the recovery of their assets and
investments in the Caucasus were not successful in the post-war
period. All in all, he was the Canadian "Lawrence of Arabia"

Colonel Boyle was a workaholic and it finally caught up with him.
He returned to England in 1922 and suffered a stroke, dying after a
long illness at Hampton Hill in Middlesex on 14 April 1923, not
quite 56 years old. Queen Marie of Roumania, who was a grand-
daughter of Queen Victoria, has a century-old Roumanian cross placed
on his grave, together with a quotation from Robert Service: "Man
with the heart of a Viking and the simple faith of a child". In
short, he was a man we Canadians can be very proud of.

It can be seen from all the foregoing that the search for Boyleiana
could be very rewarding and much information of interest to our
collecting spheres remains to be found in the Public Records Office
in London, England. It is all up to us.


The exact date of their coming into force has not yet been determined
but, around September 1982, the following rates came into being in
the USSR for mail weighing up to 20 g. (2/3 oz.) and addressed to
capitalist countries:-

Surface postcard : 15 k. Airmail postcard : 35 k. Registration
Surface letter : 20 k. Airmail letter : 45 k. Fee : 60 k.

The above are much higher than the internal rates, which have
remained relatively unchanged for the past 40 years and which also
apply to mail going to other countries in the Socialist Camp, up to
20 g. Above that weight, the new external rates also apply to the
Socialist countries.

As pointed out in "The Post-Rider" No. 6, p. 48, the continuing
inflation in the West is forcing the Ministry of Communications of
the USSR to keep raising the external rates because, according to
UPU rules, if the country sends out more mail than it receives, the
difference in transmission costs must be settled in valuable hard
currency. The new external rates are a hardship for Soviet
philatelists who, in common with their countrymen, have little
disposable income, as Mr. Afangulskii has pointed out in the editorial.
Mail contacts between the USSR and Canada are small as it is and any
further increases in the external rates may well wipe them out
altogether, so far as philatelic exchanges are concerned.

We are reproducing herewith the relevant pages of an old Robson
Lowe catalogue from 1935 (?) about Romanov proofs and essays.
The collection was by no means complete as, for instance, the
2 r. value was not represented, but the listing is still of
great interest. Our sincere thanks to our reader, Mr. Alex.
Sarandinaki of the U.S.A. for providing the photocopies.



Stamp Sak



offered for Unreserved Sale

at 2.30 p.m. on

Saturday, November 27th


Robson Lowe Ltd.,
96, Regent Street,

Telephone Regent 2381-2.
Telegrams Regent 2381.
Cable Address: Stamps, London."

Lots may be viewed on the two days preceding
the day of Sale between 10 a.m. and 6 p.m. and on
the day of Sale from 10 a.m.

(Offered by order of Captain Trevor Hume)
The Magnificent Collection of
of the 1913 Romanoff issue of

Formed for His Imperial Majesty, the late
Tsar Nicholas II.
This unique collection of Artists' and Engravers' proofs of the
Romanoff stamps of Russia was formed for H.I.M. the late Tsar
Nicholas II in 1913.
The exclusiveness of this collection consists of not only the unique
theme on which it is based, but also in the fact that nearly every
item in this extensive collection is a unique record of a step in the
technical and artistic progress of creating a beautiful and
celebrated issue of stamps and a record in miniature of the three
centuries of the Romanoff Dynasty.
Records such as these rarely leave the archives of the issuing state
and few collections have had such interesting history. His Majesty
had a general interest in stamp collecting, but he prized this one
collection the more for its personal associations. It was among the
few personal possessions that accompanied him into exile, and it
was left behind at Tobolsk when he was transferred by the
Bolsheviks to Ekaterinburg, where he was murdered on July 16th,
1918. The collection was looted by an officer in'the Russian Air
Force and with the aid of a foreign diplomat it was brought out of
the country and purchased by a Riga merchant. The present owner,
Captain Trevor Hume, purchased the collection some years ago
when he was keenly interested in stamps of Russia. During the past
few months we have disposed of the general Russian collection
formed by this collector by private treaty, and it was decided that
the Imperial collection would be more suitably offered under the
The designs of the Romanoff issue were the first Russian stamps to
bear the portrait of the monarch, and all the great figures in the
dynasty are portrayed with the designs as follows :-
I kopec, Peter The Great, after a portrait by the Dutch
painter, De Moor.
2 kopecs, Alexander II.
3 kopecs, Alexander Ill.
4 kopecs, Peter The Great, from the portrait painted by
Kneller, the original of which is in Hampton Court Palace.
7 kopecs, Nicholas II.
10 kopecs, Nicholas II.
14 kopecs, Catherine II, after the painter, Skorodonmoff.
50 kopecs, Elizabeth II, after Tchemesoff.
15 kopecs, Nicholas I.
20 kopecs, Alexander I.
25 kopecs, Alexei Michaelcvitch.
35 kopecs, Paul I.
70 kopecs, Michael Feod6rovitch.
I trouble, the Kremlin at Moscow.
2 roubles, the Winter Palace at St. Petersburg.
3 roubles, the Castle Romanoff.
5 roubles, Nicholas II.

Lot 16- continued.
The stamps were manufactured by the Government establishment for
printing stamps and banknotes of Imperial Russia. The designs were
engraved by Richard ZarriS,E. Lanserd and J. Bilibin; the frames
were engraved by Antonoff ; the intaglio and relief work was done
by F. Lundin and J. Ksidias. At first, certain relief dies were
unsatisfactory and the assistance of Ferdinand Schirnback of
Vienna was sought, and he engraved the portraits on the I, 15, 25
and 35 kopecs.
As will be seen from the magnificent range of proofs in the collection
the artists' names were originally engraved on the dies. In some
cases groups of the proofs and trials in this collection often look and
are closely alike, but each is in point of fact different. They are
arranged in the collection to show the progressive stages in the
work of designing, engraving and printing, and are artistically
written up and mounted in de-luxe morocco bound albums.

Volume I.
Frontispiece: An illuminated crest of Tsar Nicholas II

I kopec: Six die proofs in shades of orange.
Twelve die proofs in shades of red-orange.
Fourteen die proofs in shades of carmine.
Four die proofs in shades of green.
Six die proofs in shades of purple-brown.
Two die proofs in shades of olive.
Two die proofs in shades of yellow-brown.
Three die proofs in shades of chestnut-brown.
Two die proofs in black.
One die proof in yellow-orange with designer's and
engraver's imprint omitted.
2 kopecs: Ten die proofs in shades of carmine.
Seven die proofs in shades of green.
Three die proofs in shades of orange.
Five die proofs in shades of bistre-brown.
Four die proofs in shades of yellow-orange.
Five die proofs in shades of deep orange.
Five die proofs in shades of deep brown.
Five die proofs in shades of purple.
Four die proofs in shades of bright green.
One die proof in pale blue.
One die proof in black.
3 kopecs, Die A: Die proofs of head in black,.five states.
Die proofs of head in carmine, four states.
Nine proofs of the head in carmine, state four.
Fifteen die proofs of head in carmine, final state.
Two die proofs of head in dull purple, firal state.
Two die proofs of head in green, final state.
One die proof of head in blue, final state.
Six die proofs of head in orange, final state.
One die proof of completed stamp in black.
Five die proofs in shades of purple.
Eight die proofs in shades of orange.
Five die proofs in shades of red and carmine.
Five die proofs in shades of green.

Lot 16- continued.
3 kopecs, Die B:

Twelve die proofs of very early impressions of the
background behind the head.
A double set of fourteen different stages of die
proofs of the head in carmine on buff.
Five die proofs in carmine of the head in the five
main states.
Two die proofs of the complete stamp in black.
Five die proofs of the complete stamp in carmine
on buff.


i '" I ..

.O t..
S. '. r.\ ~ .

!-*1 L/4** Wi IT W I-

L- *,pif^ ^'^'C '/'i p
I" i^ ttl 1 !.',"i 1 "' r V

.' ,r
,, -' '- r *1 i^ 7
-_ :- : --^ S
I F :i,], -

[." ;,'.. '. ,.. *" P l;G5 _:l-j ,- : ";^il
._ '..* -" n >.T g n t e .
i _.;n1 H',.,~ a.-
i : "f
i ,. | : ,

'" "'.- r.-



A selection of the Engraved Proofs showing different states of the Plate.


I dw 0 -- -

. .. .- .




Lot 16 continued.
4 kopecs: Two die proofs in carmine of state I.
Die proofs in carmine of states 2 and 3.
Four die proofs in purple of the final state.
Four die proofs in shades of orange.
Four die proofs in shades of bright green.
Five die proofs in shades of carmine on white.
Fifteen die proofs in shades of carmine on buff.
Complete pane of ten plate proofs in carmine.
Volume II.
7 kopecs: Thirteen die proofs in blue of unissued head.
Fourteen die proofs of unissued head in blue and made to
fit the issued frame.
Ten die proofs of the issued head in shades of blue.
10 kopecs: A set of die proofs of the head in blue in fifteen different
Die proofs of the final state of the head in shades of blue
(4), green (4), brown (2), sepia (2), violet (I).
14 kopecs: A fine lithographic essay in pale blue.
Ten die proofs in shades of blue.
Six die proofs in shades of marone.
Four die proofs in black, emerald, sage and red.
15 kopecs: Four die proofs of the head in shades of green.
Six die proofs of the head in shades of brown.
Five die proofs of the frame in shades of grey-blue.
Five die proofs of the frame in shades of grey-brown.
Six die proofs of the head in shades of purple-brown.
Four die proofs of the head in shades of green.
Four die proofs of the completed stamp in black.
Three die proofs in shades of olive-bistre.
Fourteen die proofs in shades of green.
Four die proofs in shades of red or rose.
Eight die proofs in shades of blue.
Six die proofs in shades of bistre.
Three die proofs in shades of red-brown.
Four die proofs in shades of purple.
Five die proofs in shades of dull purple.
Seventy-six die proofs, bi-coloured in various combinations
of colours.
Three complete panes of ten plate proofs in shades of
20 kopecs: Eleven die proofs of the head in various colours, each
showing different stages of engraving.
Eleven die proofs of the complete stamp in black in
various stages of engraving, one being a signed proof.
Eight die proofs of complete stamp on linear background
in various shades.
Nine die proofs of complete stamp on solid background
in various shades.
Volume III.
25 kopecs: Five die proofs in shades of dull purple.
Two die proofs in black.
Three die proofs in shades of dull blue.
Two die proofs in shades of grey-purple.
Two die proofs in shades of green.
One die proof in dull red.
Thirteen bi-coloured die proofs in various combinations of

Lot 16- continued.,

35 kopecs:

50 kopecs:

70 kopecs:

Five die proofs of the head in various shades of green and
Five die proofs of the frame in shades of bistre-brown.
Twelve die proofs of the frame in shades of orange-brown.
Twenty-four die proofs of the frame in shades of purple,
Twenty-three die proofs in shades of violet.
Eight die proofs in shades of purple.
Thirty-eight die proofs in shades of green, brown, blue, etc.
One hundred and thirty-three bi-coloured die proofs of the
complete stamp in various combinations of colours.
Eight die proofs of the complete stamp in shades of olive.
Fourteen die proofs in shades of green.
Six die proofs in shades of bistre-brown.
Seven die proofs in shades of blue.
Ten die proofs in shades of purple.
Eight die proofs in shades of brown.
Five die proofs in various shades.

Three die proofs of the head in brown, green and purple.
Fifty-seven die proofs of the frame in different shades.
Four die proofs of the complete stamp in black.
Twenty-three bi-coloured die proofs in various colours.

Volume IV.

Five die proofs of the head in various colours.
Forty-six die proofs of the frame in various shades.
Eighty-five bi-coloured die proofs of the complete stamp
in various colours.
Ten die proofs in shades of green.
Eight die proofs in shades of orange-brown.
Ten die proofs in shades of purple-brown.

I rouble : Seven die proofs in different colours with imprint omitted
dated 8/X/I0 ".
Two die proofs in different colours with imprint and dated
25/X/IO ".

3 roubles: An extraordinary set of die proofs in various colours
showing the different states of the die-state I, 2,
3 (3), 4, 5 (3), 6, 7 (3) and 8 (5).

5 roubles: One of the most handsome designs in an amazing range of
sixty-nine die proofs SHOWING SIX DIFFERENT

It is extremely difficult to assess a value on a collection such as this,
combining historic and artistic appeal with the fact that practically
every item is unique. IN ALL THERE ARE 1274 ITEMS, EACH




by Dr. Heinz von Hungen
Re the article on Romanovs used in Finland by the Rev. L. L. Tann in
No. 11 of "The Post-Rider", I feature xeroxes of a Romanov 3-kop.
envelope in my collection with the 7-kop. value of the WWI charity
issue added to make up the 10-kop. rate. That was still the external
rate at the time, so the cover was overpaid by 3 kop. on being sent
from Helsinki-Helsingfors 28 Aug. 1915 to Oulu-Ulegborg 30 August.
The double-circle censor mark A.o. in Russian at bottom right was
struck in red.

Ua 119.a.,

U L F I B 0o/e., .


by Marcel Lamoureux

.... .E

F '- *'- -? ". .. ,- .". .
4.-.: .. *: .,. **.,.- 'o -.. .o ".
o I* "" : ,,e ^-..

F.,?-^ . LI "
.' .-.. '.-, . ,. ,

-A .

(, !j- _41%

,. -..,^ ..- ; ;"
i^" r r***'^^..^ K ^ ^ ^ ^^ i
i^ ^,-_^ __ri i .'^.%

.. "- .. .. "- .'

S- .. *: '- -'" -. *. .. *',-- .

l.-from my correspondent in the USSR a few years ago, as they depict.
just simply the inscription: OTKP.TE ,MO '-.- CARTE POSTALE. The
^ "'" ... .* '"* "',., ; *- '1 :: '- >'

view on the (first) illustrated card appears to be that of the Kazan'
Cathedral in St. Petersburg, which stills stands and is a beautiful

structure. These cards were possibly issued to promote the sale of
the Romanov stamps. My examples are unused and are noteworthy as
Romanov collateral material.

.by the Rev. L.Lt is. Tann.
post offices. What, then, makes this issue of stamps different from

others ? Why should we still be fascinated by this issue beyond
others ? And why, seventy years later, do we still pause in
wonderment at the series ?

As the first hecommemorativh photo copssiue of Russwoia, it wards part I obtained
spectacular celebrations enated to honour a few yearsdyn astyo, about to pas
tfm the w Te myst of the Romanovs I b e ty ilyl be of itre

atocrati rue of ohe st t s ss tt s
I have no idea who the printer or issuing body might have been, as

fabulousiew oly rich beyond(first) imatgininged that was so suddenly andthe Kazan'
Cathedral in St. Petersburg, which stills stands and is a beautiful

cataclysmically cast from power and whose ultimate fate this still asof

yet uncertain, catches the breath of all who hear of it. These stamps
bear mute witness to three centuries of a great nation that developed
e ro manoll grand-ucy intexame ar mihty e ai re eatrin o north as

omvereigns who controlled, directed mterd and also obstructedial. that

Seventy years ago, the Romanov Jubilee issue went on sale in Russian

others ? Why should we still be fascinated by this issue beyond
others ? And why, seventy years later, do we still pause in
wonderment at the series ?

As the first commemorative issue of Russia, it was part of the

development and who lived, loved, warred and died in the process. The
stamps are also all that is left of the brilliant Jubilee celebration
that took place within living memory, in a Russia open to us only
from our stamps and history books.

I still defy the experts in other fields of philately to show me a
single issue of stamps that saw the vast and extensive use by the
Romanov series. Across seven thousand miles of its sovereign
territory, from the Kingdom of Poland, through Livonia, Kurland and
Estlandia, across to Siberia and Russia's Pacific coast with the
thousands of post offices, railway postal depots, railway postal
vans not forgetting the extent of its longtitude from the frozen
north of Finland within the Arctic Circle to the arid deserts of
Bukhara and Khiva on the border of Afghanistan in Central Asia. We
must include the postal counters on ships plying the routes from
Vladivostok to Japan and Shanghai, those linking Caspian Sea ports
to those in Northern Persia and the ship posts on the White Sea. The
myriads of post offices dotted over Turkey and China, Mongolia and
Manchuria, used these stamps. The post offices at the stations
placed along the Chinese Eastern Railway also sold Romanov stamps.
Add to this the usages during WWI, the mute postmarks, Fieldpost
markings, cancellations of the German and Austrian Fieldposts,
perfins, revolutionary overprints, inflationary uses and also the
subsequent issues as adjuncts to the series: the 1916 Surcharges and
the issues of the currency tokens in 1915-1917.....

The field is not yet exhausted : There is the vast array of proofs
and essays and specimen stamps preparatory to issue. Of the stamps
themselves, there are errors and varieties more numerous than listed
in the standard catalogues, imperfs of several values, offsets,
paper folds and creases, misplaced perfs, double perfs, etc.

The eclipse of the Romanov Dynasty in the March 1917 Revolution
turned this stamp issue into an historic one; a mute reminder of a
glory past. Just let us spare a moment to recall the celebrations
themselves, seventy years ago. On 20th. February 1913, the Tsar and
Tsarina set out from Tsarskoe Selo in a brilliant procession to the
Winter Palace at St. Petersburg. On that day, the Tsar, his mother
the Dowager-Empress Maria Fgdorovna, the Grand Dukes and Grand
Duchesses of the Royal Family attended a special Requiem Mass in the
burial vaults of the Cathedral of St. Peter & St. Paul for the
repose of the dead sovereigns of the House of Romanov. On the
Thursday, 21st. February, the Imperial Family with a glittering
retinue drove through flag-bedecked streets,thronged with thousands,
to the cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan' for a Celebratory Mass. A
salute of 21 guns was fired. In the afternoon, their Imperial
Majesties received delegations from the Duma, provincial nobles and
Zemstvos and held a reception. On 24th. February, a splendid
reception was held at the Winter Palace, a salute of 51 guns fired
to honour the Tsar and Tsarina and 31 guns for the Tsarevich.

King George V and Queen Mary sent a personal message of
congratulations for the Jubilee, as did President Poincar6 of France.
Sir George Buchanan, the British Ambassador, extended the cordial
greetings of the British Government at a reception for the
Diplomatic Corps. There followed visits and tours in various parts
of the Empire, including the mother cities of Russia: Kiev, Moscow
and Novgorod. There were other visits, balls and parades which the
Tsar attended, sometimes with his sister, the Grand Duchess Ol'ga,
who deputised for the Tsarina (EDITORIAL COMMENT: The Grand Duchess
Ol'ga Kulikovskaya survived the March Revolution and subsequent
terrible events in Russia, eventually migrating with her family to
Canada. She died in Cooksville, Ontario on 24 Nov. 1960.MHp npaxy EIH).

Amidst all this pomp and ceremony* the stamps were part of the
celebration of three centuries of Romanov Tsardom. For the first -
and last time, Russia's stamps honoured its royal rulers.
My text here will contain snippets about the Romanov issue, some
recent interesting additions to my collection and notes on postmarks
that may be of interest to fellow collectors.


Further to my major article on the subject in "The Post-Rider" No. 11
for Nov. 1982, further examples of Romanovs used in Finland have come
my way. Primarily among them is this beautiful cover-front:-

S....4 .OKE ,. BOI..G.
-c;-- '1 I
~;~C"". '- -.~u; u-,Z

', rr~vr^ ^! ^S*^
...... '"' .... :" ., ,...I Ilc ~ ~
I^. ,, - i lj ,. j. .'
, .

i ( z .-- :

or or: : 2-, f--- --7
i, ,/ < ?. .... .*,," .

It bears the Romanov 1 to 25-kopek values, beautifully postmarked
ULEABORG / OULU /YJEABOPrb 6.III.13. There can be little doubt that
it is philatelic (even if only from the gross overfranking of Ir. 1k.)
but it certainly indicates early usage March 1913 in Finland. It
is a pity the rest of the cover was not kept, but it is still a fine
piece. Moreover, I have a single 1 k. and a block of four 4 k. used
at Lahti and also a 20 k. with part of a KPXP (Finnish TPO/RPO)
postmark, though the route number is "off the edge".

y /^^ f- /^ ^i '* *,'^^-..x,* 'i^3?
^!t-< CTB-^ efC ^ ^<-Z -----~ \ A 'Si

Further to the "Finnish Connection", I have an example in the


postal stationery range, a 10-kop. envelope addressed to St.Petersburg.
Twoograde-B postmarks, though a little smudgy, but clearly reading
ULEABORG B. / OULU As. / YJIEABOPFLb K.l. 13.X.13, being the postmark
of Uleaborg/Oulu railway station. The back bears two St. Petersburg
receiving postmarks and a label of the Astrom Bros. firm (see illn.
of the front at the bottom left of the preceding page).

I also have a cover with the provisional 10 k./7 k. stamp beautifully
(New Year's Eve) in Russia itself), addressed to Helsingfors/Helsinki
and with a dull pink oval Helsingfors war censor stamp dated 15.1.17.


I wish that I was better at drawing postmarks than I am Still, it
is possible that, in addition to my atrocious drawings, the
illustrations may show up well too .

The St. Petersburg Nicholas Railway Station. The
ii postmarks of these are the usual double ovals, with
heavy black letters reading: S.PETERBURG / NIKOL.VOKZ.
S : There is, however, a secondary type with much thinner
letters, shown here on a 4-k. pair: S. P. BURG. /
NIKOLAEVSKII VOKZ. and the shape seems to demonstrate
a narrower and longer oval.

tM CiO Moscow the Alexander Station.
SWhen I recently mentioned that
this station had the postmark
>e-&4- ,' 1, tf reading: MOSKVA / ALEKS. VOKZ.,
i-- /S A / -a collector wrote to me saying
L/ ne.e ^,A such postmarks do not exist. I
have beautiful strikes on loose
i L Y, Romanov stamps and also a cover
a U tied by such a strike and
kf s .d r another one further down.
S l .a .... '... Moscow the Kursk & Nizhnii-
C, pMl/ C q f Novgorod Station. It has long
pl._.. 7, 63 been established that the pmk.
VOKZ. So I was surprised to pick up a year or so ago the postcard
illustrated above with 1 k. :nd 3 k. Romanov stamps. The part pmk.
clearly reads: MOSK.../KURSKII VOK.., so there was a variant
canceller naming it the Kursk station.

I recently came across a little packet of Romanov stamps with
various railway postmarks, obviously put away for when I had more
time. Some nice railway strikes and the size of the Romanov stamps,
compared to the Arms types, means that more of the postmark can be
accomodated. I see there a fine SHTOKMANSGOF-272-VALK, which I now
also have on cover with a 7-k. Romanov, VARSHAVA-25-SOSNOVITSY and
NIZHNII-NOVGOROD / MOSKOV. VOKZ. But I wish to draw especial
attention to one of the stamps. It bears a part postmark, reading:
..SKVA 2 PETRO..., obviously Moscow-Petrograd. The postmarks
normally seen are of the stations St. Petersburg or Petrograd Nikol.
Vokz. or Moskva Nikol. Vokz., i.e. the two ends of the line.This
particular example is from the actual travelling van for Route No. 2
between them On the 7-kop. stamp.

Two nice items there, which I have .)-
tried to draw. At left, a 10-k.
Romanov, reading: MOSKVA-BUTY.../ / -
ZHELEZNODOR. PO../ 22-V-13, which, 22 --
I understand, is the Butylovo P.O. 9
in Moscow. The item at right is on. /
a 7-k. Romanov, reading: ST.BRI... V
SYZR.., i.e. Bribatnoe Station on 40p o_ 164/3J
the Syzran-Vyazma Railway.

My final Romanov items are:-
A 50-k. with almost full NIZHNII-YARMARKA, from the
annual Nizhnii-Novgorod Fair. A high value with such

Another 50 k. Romanov, reading "..URGAN a", as shown here.
In the Tchilinghirian & Stephen "Stamps of the Russian
Empire Used Abroad", vol. 3, pp. 245-246 deal with the
town of KATTA KURGAN, situated in the Emirate of Bukhara
on the Zarafshan River, in the north-west of the country.
T & S show 3 different types of date-stamps known to
have been used there, Fig. 375 being the type applied in
the Romanov period. In their illustration, no serial letter was
given, as the impression was taken from a loose stamp, where that
portion was missing. My 50-k. fits over the illustration exactly
and matching in every detail. It is a pity that this type of date-
stamp did not bear the more usual designation: BUKHAR. VLAD., or
Bukharan Possession (EDITORIAL COMMENT: The reason appears to be
because Katta Kurgan was in the Samarkand Province and thus not
part of the Emirate of Bukhara, nor a "Used Abroad", strictly
speaking. The subject is covered in a masterly way by our
subscriber, Mr. J.G. Moyes in "The Status of Katta Kurgan as a
'Used Abroad' ", BJRP No. 57, pp.19-20). My copy bears the year
"14" and serial letter "a". The list given in T & S notes only the
7-k. Romanov, which is designated as RR.

A 3-k. Romanov, with postmark as shown here, reading:
...V D...VLADIKAV... I am grateful to Peter Ashford for
this one, as it can be identified as ROSTOV.D.-
VLADIKAVKAZ, the Rostov-on-Don to Vladikavkaz TPO/RPO in -'
the Northern Caucasus. The route number is blurred, but
it should be No. 56, with the "D" standing for "Don".

Also on my list is a nice 14-k. with a fairly full
strike of the St. Petersburg Baltic Station, herewith.

My final point in these snippets concerns the plate numbers on
sheets of the Romanov stamps. Admittedly, sheets are not often seen
these days, certainly not of the intermediate or high values (the
rouble values in blocks rank as RR). I have a sheet of the 10-k./
7-k., with plate number 3 in the bottom right corner. I have a
lower-left corner block of the 10-k./7-k., with plate number 5,
just cut by the edge of the sheet. Are there other plate numbers ?
What about the intermediate and high values ?

I am left with two problem items. Firstly, a 50-k. Romanov with
postmark reading ATARSK. ZAVODY ELIS. a 28.10.14. Can anyone offer
any ideas on that one ? (EDITORIAL COMMENT: It may be Tatarskie

Zavody, apparently in the Yelisavetpol' Province in Transcaucasia.
Can any reader verify its location from the official Russian
Imperial Post Office Listing ?).

I also have a 10-k. with part postmark that, I think, may have to
remain a mystery. The lower portion reads: ST. ZH. D., or a station
on some railway and the upper portion merely ..VAYA. Any ideas ?

At an auction held by David Feldman in Zurich, Switzerland on 29 Nov.
to 3 Dec. 1982, a magnificent cover was sold. It was addressed in
Chinese and Russian from Ulyasutai, Mongolia to Peking and franked
with 10-k. & 35-k. Arms, plus a 50-k. Romanov, all tied with four
strikes of the ULYASUTAI (MONGOLIYA) postmark, dated 10.9.16 (grades
B and C). There is an Ulyasutai registration label. There are wax
seals on the back sealing the flaps of the cover. There are four
postmarks: one again of the Ulyasutai despatch office, transit
markings of the Japanese offices at Changchun (3.11.16) and Peking
(6.11.16) and of the Russian post office in Peking (24.10.16). The
Japanese postmarks are, of course, in the Gregorian calendar. T & S
deal with Ulyasutai in Vol. 4, p.320. This type of marking, with the
MONGOLIYA part in brackets, has the serial letter "b". The cover
fetched Sw. Fr. 50,000.- (14,500, which at $1.65 to the Pound comes
to $23,925.00). Please see the photograph of the cover hereunder.

And so our study of the Romanov Jubilee series, its uses and stamps
goes on. In the next "Post-Rider", I shall offer something further
on usages, covers and stamps. In the meantime, let us enjoy our
stamps and remember the celebrations for the Dynasty, of which this
set was merely a part, seventy years ago.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: The fortunate buyer of the above magnificent
cover was our subscriber, Dr. R. Casey of Englandries, its uses and stamps
goes on. In the next "Post-Rider", I shall offer something further
on usages, covers and stamps. In the meantime, let us enjoy our
stamps and remember the celebrations for the Dynasty, of which this
set was merely a part, seventy years ago.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: The fortunate buyer of the above magnificent
cover was our subscriber, Dr. R. Casey of England, to whom we
extend our sincere congratulations. It is a glorious addition to his
already astounding collection of the Russian Posts in the Far East.



I by the Rev.L.L. Tann

I refer to the article by Dr. Constantine de Stackelberg in the
Rossica Journal Nos. 86/87 of 1975, in which he reviews the types
of perforation used in Russia in the years from 1858 to 1955. It is,
therefore, with some trepidation, in view of the learned article and
its quotations from the earlier work by Mr. S. Manzelej of Belgrade,
Yugoslavia, that I believe it to be wrong in some details and that
the extensive table published therein is,in some places, likewise in
error. The article states that there were three types of perforation:
line, comb and harrow and illustrations are given of each. I think
that the following points should be added, corrected and adjusted:-

LINE PERFORATIONS punch a single row of perforations at a time. When
the horizontal lines of perforations have all been made on the sheet,
it is turned around 900, the machine adjusted and the vertical lines
of perforation then punched in. What was not stated there (p.16) is
that the intersections of the horizontal and vertical lines of
perforation are irregular and the illustration given confirms it.

COMB PERFORATIONS do three sides of a stamp at one operation. It is
called comb because, as the illustration by Dr. de Stackelberg shows,
it looks like a comb. But the following paragraph (p.17) is in error.
It states: "Sheet margins are not perforated...".

In fact, one margin at least of the sheet MUST be perforated, to add
the last line of perforations. On a sheet of 100 stamps, 10xl0, such
as the Romanov and the 1918 Sword and Chain stamps, the comb
perforator must fall eleven times. Otherwise, the final row will only
be perforated on three sides and will remain imperforate in the
margin, giving rise to the variety described as a "fantail" in North
America. That eleventh stroke of the comb perforator completes the
last line of perforations, BUT THE VERTICAL PINS GO THROUGH THE
MARGIN TOO. Interestingly enough, it would seem that the majority of
the Romanov and Sword & Chain stamps were, in fact, done by a harrow
machine, although some were comb-perforated. The only way to prove a
comb perforation is to find marginal blocks PERFORATED THROUGH THE
MARGIN. I have three such items, perforated through the top margin,
proving too that the sheets were perforated from bottom to top, as
well as from top to bottom. I have a 20-k. Romanov, Alexander I,
which is imperforate with margin at right. I think that this is an
example of the comb perforator omitting the eleventh strike, or the
pins were broken and the sheet was perforated across from left to
right, but that is not certain.

HARROW PERFORATIONS complete the operation in one stroke, doing an
majority of the Romanov and Sword & Chain stamps, as well as all the
kopek values of the Arms stamps, were harrow-perforated.

Turning now to the tables appended to the article, we see on p.21
* that Scott Nos. 88-104, the Romanov issue, are listed as being "L/C"
i.e. line-perforated and comb-perforated. They cannot possibly be
perforated by line. That type of perforation was used for the rouble
values of the Arms stamps. It would have been correct to have
written "H/C", i.e. the majority done by harrow,the minority by comb.


Having seen that "L/C" was written for the Romanov issue, it is odd
that the last line on that page notes Scott Nos. 110-111, the
Romanov stamps surcharged in 1916, as being "H" That was merely a
surcharge on the original printing. Yet that original printing is
noted as being "line and comb-perforated" and the 1916 surcharge as
"harrow" !

On page 24, in Table III-A, referring to the Sword & Chain stamps
of 1918 (called the Kerenskii Issue but, though they were prepared
under the Kerenskii Government, they were issued in Oct. 1918 under
the Bolsheviks), the type of perforation is again listed as "L", or
a line perforation. None of these stamps, for all the rough perfs.
of the revolutionary period, show any signs of the irregular corners
caused by a line perforator. These stamps were harrow and comb-
perforated. The examples of imperforate with margin resulted from
the comb perforator failing to fall that last time to complete the
last row of perforations.

I was originally a little confused on these points too, but have had
the opportunity of seeing complete sheets, showing comb and harrow
perforations. Thus, with great respect, I offer these points in
correction of Dr. de Stackelberg's article.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: The Rev. Tann's notes are timely, to say the
least, and the following data should also be borne in mind.

It is impossible to tell from single copies of the Romanov kopek
stamps whether they are harrow or comb-perforated, as they both
measure the same on the perforation gauge. We have seen plate, or
rather electro, numbers on Romanov kopek sheets going up to No. 8,
so the printing sheets must have been composed of 4 panes of 100
units, at the least. Prior to perforating, these appear to have cut
into vertical pairs of two panes (2x100) so that, when perforated
by comb, the bottom pane would have the pins going through the
top AND bottom margins of the final sheets sold at the post offices.

WARNING By 1918, when the Sword & Chain
This is a fantail stamps had to be done, the lack of
4T6 marginal copy, maintenance of the comb perforators
which has been made them jump badly out of
H trimmed to alignment. Fantail margins and
simulate an trimmed copies purporting to be
S imperforate "imperforate" were the results.
_E i 5 variety. The 35 kop. value does, in fact,
exist imperforate, as mint and used
............. ................................ multiples are known and sold in at
joPrq9 multiples are known and sold in at
i c least 2 P.O.s.: Nyandoma and Pronsk.
--I .. Convincing imperforate copies of
the 70-k. value have NEVER been
seen, despite listings to the
S*. : contrary. They all appear to have
: been copies trimmed from sheets
S*-- where the comb perforator had
............................. .............. skipped badly in the margins. See
~.eoo1eoeeo oeoeel ele skipped badly in the margins. See
i the illustration herewith at right
for a good example of such
Malfunctioning of the comb
: : 1 perforator.


. p




by Alex Artuchov

Gadiach (Poltava Prov.)

(continued from No. 11)


19.5 x 23.25 mm ,lithographed in one or two colours, similar
in design to issues of 1884 but with the word MAPKA at the bottom,
nine editions.

1st Edition ( 1892 )

Yellowish white paper (0.09 mm), yellowish or brownish gum,
sheet of 13 x 2, imperforate.

25. 3 kop. yellow green and red 1.00

26. 3 kop. yellow-brown 3.00

2nd Edition (1892)

Paper and gum as above, sheet of 3 x 10, transfer block of 3 x 2
repeated 5 times, imperforate.

27. 3 kop. violet 1.00

The Sheet The Transfer Block

1 2 3 1 2 1 2 6 3
4 5 6 14 1.5.1 6

3rd Edition (1893, June )

Smooth yellowish white paper (0.09 mm ), white gum, sheet
unknown, imperforate.

28. 3 kop. red

29. 3 kop. blue



4th Edition (1894, May 2.)

White paper (0.1 mm ); brownish yellow gum; embossed with imprints
of imperial eagle,numerals 5 at the sides and at the bottom
in two lines KHH331 ACKEBHqA; sheet of 12 x 3 with transfer block
of 2 x 3 repeated 6 times horizontally; perforated and imperforate.

30. 3 kop. indigo blue and red, imperforate

31. 3 kop. dark lilac and red, imperforate

32. 3 kop. blue green and red, imperforate
-perforated 11 ( Jan. 1904 )

33. 3 kop. olive yellow and brown red,
perforated 11 (Jan. 1904 )






The Sheet

The Transfer Block

3 4
5 6

5th Edition ( 1895, August )

White paper, white gum, sheet of 3 x 11 with 3 rose dots
placed in a vertical line above the middle stamp in the top
row, damaged K without period in 3EMCK. on the 9th, 18th.and
possibly the 30th stamps on the sheet, the quarter circle
with numeral 3 in the SW corner extends to the left beyond
the stamp design to the outer frameline on the 6th and 15th
stamps of the sheet, imperforate.


34. 3 kop. carmine rose and violet
perforated 11 ( 1898 )
sewing machine perforation

35. 3 kop. indigo blue (light or dark) and
carmine rose
perforated 11i(1898)

36. 3 kop. dark lilac and carmine
perforated 11 (1898)

37. 3 kop. blue green and carmine
perforated 11 (1898)
sewing machine perforation



6 x 3 Multiple of

5th Edition

6th Edition (1897, Nov.)

White paper (0.1 mm), brown-yellow or brown or gray gum,
imperforate and also issued perforated 11 in Sept. 1898,
sheet of 3 x 11, one coloured dot on top portion of sheet
margin over the middle stamp in the top row, size of plate
67 x 299 mm

38. 3 kop. orange-yellow and rose


39. 3 kop. olive-yellow and rose(light and dark) 5.00

40. 3 kop. salmon and rose







7th Edition (1898)

Space between stamps 3 3/4 mm, white paper (0.1 mm), white
or grayish-white gum, sheet of 3 x 10, imperforate and
perforated 11i.

41. 3 kop. yellow-green and red


8th Edition (1899)

Space between stamps 54-6 mm, paper gum and perforation as
for previous edition, transfer block of 3 x 2 which is repeated
51 times vertically, size of printing plate 71 x 309 mm

42. 3 kop. yellow and lilac rose

43. 3 kop. dark green and lilac rose
-yellow-green and lilac rose

44. 3 kop. lilac rose and lilac




Varieties of No. 44
A number of perforation varieties are known on this stamp.
Included in this number are: double perforation horizontally,
perforated through the middle of the stamp horizontally and
imperforate horizontally.

The Sheet

1 2 3
4 5 6
1 2 3
4 5 6
1 2 3
45 6

4 5 6
1 2 3
4 5 6
1 2 3
4 56

The Transfer Block

11 2 3
4 I5 6

9th Edition (1900)

Space between stamps 3 3/4 mm, paper gum and perforation as
in previous issues, sheet of 3 x 11 with transfer block of 3 x 2
repeated 5 times vertically.

45. 3 kop. lilac and red

46. 3 kop. red and lilac



Note: No. 45 is known with a double perforation horizontally.


Printed in St. Petersburg by the Government Printing Office,
typographed, white paper (0.07 mm), sheet of 5 x 5, three

1st Edition (1902, Sept.)
Perforated 13% with small holes, issue of 16,250 stamps.


47. 3 kop. green

2nd Edition(1910)
Perforated 13% with small holes, issue of 25,600

48. 3 kop. blue-green

3rd Edition (1912)
Perforated 13% with large holes, issue of 33,300

49. 3 kop. blue-green







Typeset and typographed by the Zemstvo Printing Office,
white paper (0.12 mm), streaky brown gum, 35!-36 x 36-36 mm
in size, sheet of 4 x 1 with 4 types, perforated 11, 3,000
copies issued according to Schmidt.

50. 3 kop. green (light or dark)


The Sheet

l1 12 3 4

Main Characteristics of the Four Types
Type 1. Top of letter r in the word rFagrcKas is damaged,
the inside thin inner framelines on the right and left extend
up to a thin bottom line.
Type 2. One of the two inner framelines on the left side has
a dent in it just under the letter q.
Type 3. The thin inner frameline on the left side extends
beyond the top and bottom lines, the one on the right side
extends beyond the bottom line only.
Type 4. The top of the letter r in the word raAHrcKan is
damaged, the thin inner frameline extends beyond the bottom
and top lines.

Used stamps of this issue are predominantly known with an
oval postmark (50 x 29 mm), in a violet colour, inscribed
at the top rAARqCKAH and 3EMCKA IIOqTA at the bottom and with
the date in the centre.

BERDYANSK (Tavrida Prov.)

1870 1882

19 x 25 mm, lithographed on shiny white paper, imperforate,
two editions.

1st Edition (1870)

On paper of various thickness (0.06-0.08 or 0.12-0.14 mm),
light yellow gum, sheet of 10 x 10, in settings of 2 x 2
with the stamps placed 6 mm from one another horizontally
and 8 mm vertically.

1. 10 kop. black, green and blue 7.50

2nd Edition (1882)
Similar to first edition, door of the beehive is in colour,
30 paper 0.08 0.1 mm thick, white gum, space between stamps 3 mm,

sheet unknown.

2. 10 kop.,black, green and greenish-blue 50.00

3. 10 kop. black, green and greenish-blue RR
on smooth horizontally laid paper (10 known)

Used stamps were left uncancelled.


Printed in 1887 or 1888, in dull colours, on smooth white paper,
imperforate or perforated 12.

A. Door on beehive black and green.

10 kop. black, green and gray-blue, imperforate
10 kop. perforated 12

B. Door on beehive green.

10 kop. black,yellow-green and gray-blue, imperforate
10 kop. black, dark green and gray, imperforate
10 kop. black, green and gray-blue, perforated 12


A. Without door on beehive, on glossy white paper.

10 kop. black

B. With door on beehive, various papers, sheet of 2 x 2.

10 kop. black on glossy white paper
10 kop. black on yellowish paper
10 kop. black on red paper
10 kop. black on dark lilac paper

C. Printed in one colour on white paper

10 kop. dark gray-blue

D. Printed in one colour on yellowish paper, sheet of 2 x 2
with an additional stamp showing the background only.

10 kop. black
10 kop. red
10 kop. yellowish-rose
10 kop. olive-brown
10 kop. orange (light and dark)
10 kop. indigo blue
10 kop. green (light and dark)

E. Design in black, background in colour, white paper (0.12 mm)

10 kop. black and red-brown

F. Printed in three colours, white paper (0.08 mm)

10 kop. red, yelloe-green and dark blue
10 kop. yellow-brown, yellow-green and dark blue
10 kop. dark brown, blue-green and gray-blue
10 kop. on yellowish paper
10 kop. black, dark yellow-green and gray-blue

G. Printed in three colours, horizontally laid paper (0.09 mm)

10 kop. black, gray and gold-bronze

H. Printed in three colours on coloured paper (0.08 mm)

10 kop. red, yellow-green and blue on violet paper
10 kop. black, green and blue on violet paper

BUGURUSLAN (Samara Province)


16.25 x 24 mm, lithographed on grayish-white paper (0.09 mm),
yellowish-white or brownish-yellow gum, sheet of 7 x 3, sewing
machine perforated 10 and reportedly known imperforate.

1. 2 kop. black and gray-black 10.00

1879 (December)

17 x 24.25 mm, lithographed on coloured paper (0.07 mm),
white gum, sewing machine perforated 11, sheet of 8 x 3.

2. 2 kop. black on violet-rose paper 5.00

1881 (July)

16 x 22 mm, lithographed on coloured paper (0.07 mm),
irregularly perforated 6-12, sheet of 5 x 6, white gum.


3. 2 kop. black on violet-rose paper 3.00


16.25 x 21.25 mm, lithographed on white paper, imperforate,
two editions.

1st Edition (1884, Jan.)

Sheet of two panes of 2 x 6 with the right half inverted,
the stamps are spaced 2.75-3.5 mm apart horizontally and
1.75-2.25 mm vertically, since the two panes were printed
separately the distance between them varies.

4. 2 kop. black on violet-rose paper 1.00

2nd Edition (1889)

Transparent paper, sheet of two 3 x 8 panes with the top
half inverted, the stamps are separated 5-6 mm horizontally
and 7-7.75 mm vertically.

5. 2 kop. black on violet-rose paper 1.00

The Sheets
No.4 No.5

1 2 ZT TT
3 4 OT 6 6
7 8 9 Z T

1112 Z T 4 5 6


LO Li 12



Lithographed, white paper, imperforate, five editions.

1st Edition (1890, Oct.)

0.07-0.08 mm thick paper, glossy yellow gum, sheet of 5 x 8
arranged in 4 panes of 5 x 2 with the top row of each pane
inverted, the stamps are spaced 2.25-3.5 mm apart horizontally
and 1.25-1.5 mm vertically.

6. 2 kop. wine-rose


2nd Edition (1892, Jan.)

0.05 mm thick paper, sheet of 10 x 6 arranged in 6 panes of
5 x 2 with the top row of each pane inverted, the stamps are
spaced 5.25-5.5 mm apart horizontally and 3.5-3.75 mm

7. 2 kop. violet-rose


The Sheets

No. 6

No. 7

3rd Edition (1893)

0.07 mm thick paper, clear glossy gum, printed in panes of
5 x 2 but complete sheet unknown, the stamps are spaced 2.75-
3.5 mm apart horizontally and 2.25-2.75 mm vertically.

8. 2 kop. yellowish-rose


1 2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9 10

T Z 1 I S

6 7 8 9 10

T 2 E S
6 7 8 9 10

T Z E V 9S

6 7 8 9 10

T7 Z C 9

6 7 8 9 I0

T S T t S

6 7 8 9 10 6 7 8 9 10

T Z E. 0 T Z C V 1

6 -7 8 9 10 6 7 8 9 10

T Z E 9 6 7T C 1 "S

6 7 8 9 10 6 7 8 9 10

4th Edition (1894)

0.07 mm thick paper, clear glossy gum, sheet of 8 x 10 arranged
in 8 panes of 2 x 5 in a 4 panes across and two panes deep
configuration, the two upper left and the two two lower right
panes are inverted, the stamps are spaced 5 mm apart horizontally
and 3.5 mm vertically.

9. 2 kop. yellowish-rose

The Sheet

OT 6

8 1

9 g

2 T

1 2

3 4

5 6

7 8

9 10

OT 6

'9 2

9 9



1 2

3 4

5 6

7 8

9 10

1 2

3 4

5 6

7 8

OT 6

9 S

-' T
2 T

1 2

3 4

5 6

7 8

9 10

OT 6

8 L




5th Edition (1895)

Oily and permeating print on paper 0.04-0.05 mm thick, sheet
in 3 panes of 6 x 2 the two panes on the left side are placed
horizontally while the single pane on the right side is placed
vertically, the stamps are spaced 2.75-3.25 mm apart horizontally
and 1.25 mm vertically.

10. 2 kop. red violet, mauve and brownish-gray-


The Sheet



Printed by the Government Printing Office in St. Petersburg,
typographed on white paper (0.08 mm), white gum, sheet of 5 x 5,
perforated 13, 63,500 stamps issued.

11. 5 kop. dark blue 1.00


Only two postmarks have been reported on the stamps of
1. Circular (30 mm) with inner ring,at first in black later in
blue, used beginning from first issue of 1879. Inscribed:
BYFYPYCJIAHCK. Y83fH. 3EMCK. YHPABh,with the date in the centre
in three lines. Complete strikes of this postmark are not known.

2. Similar to the first but smaller in size (27 mm). In use
from 1884 and known in black and blue. (Fig. 1)


Fig. 1


Dr. Alfred H. Wortman, FRPS,L.

Alfred Wortman was born on 7 Sept. 1898 in North London, England
and served in WWI with the Royal Engineers. Graduating as a medical
doctor in 1926, he practised in North London from 1928 onwards for
upwards of 51 years.

Always interested in foreign languages, he became a keen Esperantist
in 1918 and, by 1925, was corresponding with his Soviet counterparts
in the SAT (= Senacieca Asocio Tutmonda; see the pair of Soviet
stamps issued in July 1926). Carrying on his interest in philately
from boyhood, he then began collecting Soviet stamps and worked his
way back to the Imperial issues. He started writing on these
subjects for the philatelic press in the early 1930s and these first
articles still stand up well today.

By 31 October 1936, he had progressed to the point where, with the
late Vivian G. Pickering, he helped to found the Russian Study
Circle in London. The Circle developed into the British Society of
Russian Philately after WWII and has since gone from strength to

With a thorough grounding in the essentials of stamp collecting and
a constant output of research over more than half a century, Alfred
became the Grand Old Man of Russian Philately, equal in stature to
the late S.V. Prigara. Although sometimes irascible and dogmatic, he
was at the same time a curiously modest man, who never had the urge
to chase after medals at international exhibitions. He had both the
knowledge and material needed to gain the highest honours and was
also an eminent student of British postal history.

Active philatelically right up to the last, he started teaching
himself at the age of 81 how to read Japanese characters, so as to
do a study of the Japanese TPO/RPO markings used in Manchuria By
his 83rd. year, he was in the process of taking over the editorship
of the British Journal of Russian Philately. Unfortunately, he
suffered a heart attack around 12 Jan. 1983 and passed away quietly
at home on Saturday morning, 15th. January, not quite 84 years old.

Your Editor had known him since 1949 and always felt that he was in
contact with a great man. Sincerest condolences go out to his son
Timothy and daughter Sonia. The philatelic studies he published
will ensure that his name will be immortal and, as a tribute to his
memory, "The Post-Rider" is setting out hereunder the last article
received from him, shortly before his death.


by Dr. A.H. Wortman.

Our indefatigable Editor is always opening new paths for us and
introduced this field of interest in "The Post-Rider" No. 8, p.50.
He gave us mainly the postal history of the Soviet period and
described items from 1922 onwards from the Volga German Republic.
Mr. Eric Peel of North Harrow, Middlesex, England has quite an


Dr. Alfred H. Wortman, FRPS,L.

Alfred Wortman was born on 7 Sept. 1898 in North London, England
and served in WWI with the Royal Engineers. Graduating as a medical
doctor in 1926, he practised in North London from 1928 onwards for
upwards of 51 years.

Always interested in foreign languages, he became a keen Esperantist
in 1918 and, by 1925, was corresponding with his Soviet counterparts
in the SAT (= Senacieca Asocio Tutmonda; see the pair of Soviet
stamps issued in July 1926). Carrying on his interest in philately
from boyhood, he then began collecting Soviet stamps and worked his
way back to the Imperial issues. He started writing on these
subjects for the philatelic press in the early 1930s and these first
articles still stand up well today.

By 31 October 1936, he had progressed to the point where, with the
late Vivian G. Pickering, he helped to found the Russian Study
Circle in London. The Circle developed into the British Society of
Russian Philately after WWII and has since gone from strength to

With a thorough grounding in the essentials of stamp collecting and
a constant output of research over more than half a century, Alfred
became the Grand Old Man of Russian Philately, equal in stature to
the late S.V. Prigara. Although sometimes irascible and dogmatic, he
was at the same time a curiously modest man, who never had the urge
to chase after medals at international exhibitions. He had both the
knowledge and material needed to gain the highest honours and was
also an eminent student of British postal history.

Active philatelically right up to the last, he started teaching
himself at the age of 81 how to read Japanese characters, so as to
do a study of the Japanese TPO/RPO markings used in Manchuria By
his 83rd. year, he was in the process of taking over the editorship
of the British Journal of Russian Philately. Unfortunately, he
suffered a heart attack around 12 Jan. 1983 and passed away quietly
at home on Saturday morning, 15th. January, not quite 84 years old.

Your Editor had known him since 1949 and always felt that he was in
contact with a great man. Sincerest condolences go out to his son
Timothy and daughter Sonia. The philatelic studies he published
will ensure that his name will be immortal and, as a tribute to his
memory, "The Post-Rider" is setting out hereunder the last article
received from him, shortly before his death.


by Dr. A.H. Wortman.

Our indefatigable Editor is always opening new paths for us and
introduced this field of interest in "The Post-Rider" No. 8, p.50.
He gave us mainly the postal history of the Soviet period and
described items from 1922 onwards from the Volga German Republic.
Mr. Eric Peel of North Harrow, Middlesex, England has quite an

array of items from the pre-Sovier era and the writer can add a
modest two.


Oliphant visited this area in 1852 and says in "Russian Shores of
the Black Sea" that he met a German from Sarepta: "Surrounded by
tribes of barbarous Calmucks and visited only by scarcely less
barbarous Russians, its inhabitants maintain the genuine old Saxon
character, adhere to their native tongue and to the simple manners
of their Fatherland. Uncontaminated by the indolent and vicious
habits of those amongst whom they are situated, they are a
prosperous community, reaping the rich harvest of that industry and
frugality which are the characteristic of their race. The colony
was established in 1769 during the reign of the Empress Catherine
and consisted of but thirty individuals of both sexes. They were
Moravians and there were missionaries among them".

He goes on to say that they produce cotton, silk and calico fabrics
and that their watchmakers, opticians, bookbinders and goldsmiths
are much resorted to by the inhabitants of the Volga area. Baedeker
(1914) says that it is a town of 6000 inhabitants and that the
mustard they produce is known all over Russia. It is a pleasant-
looking place, the most southerly of all the German colonies,
situated 21 miles (4 km.) from the banks of the Volga and to the
south of Tsaritsyn (changed to Stalingrad and then Volgograd in the
Soviet era).

Sarepta was allotted one of the dots cancellations as early as 15th.
January 1862, thus recognizing it to be a place from which a certain
amount of correspondence emanated, owing no doubt to the literacy of
its inhabitants. The number was "688" in the truncated triangle type.

As. ..'/17,A:* ...... A J C4

......p p o m n p rm. 0 .
a2. s edepra e.v e -a m s .

Mr. Peel has two missives with very good early Sarepta cancellations.
The earlier, at left, is a 3-k. stationery postcard, addressed to
Germany with the postmark SAREPTSKOE POCHT. OTD. 28 NOYA. 1884, the
"-SKOE" ending denoting OTDELENIE for the OTD. abbreviation and not
OTDEL, which is a masculine word and would have needed the "-SKII"
ending. This was a type of date-stamp which often accompanied the
dots cancellations but, at this date of course, dots postmarks had
long been discontinued. Note that 3 kop. was the correct rate for a
postcard to Germany, the same fee as for Russia. It was increased to
4 kop. from 1 April 1889.


The second item, at right on the previous page, is a 7-k. postal
stationery envelope addressed to a German in Poland in 1891 and
the cancellation is of the single-circle type with cross date. Mr.
Peel also has a cover addressed to a German in the USA in 1912, the
postmark reading: SAREPTA SAR. with serial letter "b", but he
considered it would not reproduce satisfactorily.

The next four items to be described and illustrated are also from
the Peel Collection.


/ .... .............. .. ... .
-........ ... .

.. .............. .......... C

S 0' .................................. .. .................... ... .... ......... ..... ..... ..... .. ... .


The 10-k. stationery cover, at left, addressed to Germany, has a
single-circle cancellation, with the date 19 June 1890 in three
lines and reading: POKROVSKOE SAMAR. G., thus giving its status as a
Post and Telegraph Office. The 3-k. stationery postcard, at right,
going to Zurich (the rate should have been 4 kop.), has a postmark
reading: POKROVSKAYA SAM. 7.9.13 with serial letter "d". Pokrovskaya
Sloboda (its full name, as given in the TPO/RPO cancellations) is on
the left bank of the Volga and directly opposite Saratov, the river
being three miles wide here.


The interesting cover here: -'
at right and franked with a < *
vertical pair of 7-k. stamps
is addressed to a firm of
manufacturers of "Papiers de
Luxe" in Lyon, France. The
large single-circle postmark
reads: KEPPENTAL SAMAR. G. 1 ',
POCHT OTD. 1 and with cross f .' G:/ < a o
date 8.XI.1900. e. '

.u ..:......... . .. .. ...... ....... ........ .
.P/P .o 15

...................... ................... .......... ........ ............................ ......


The 3-k. Romanov stationery postcard at left and addressed to
Frankfurt-on-Main, correctly franked with an additional l-k. stamp,
has a double-circle cancellation reading: NAKHOI SAMARSK. GUB.

TPO/RPO No. 152

Mr. Peel has three items which were carried on the railway route
where TPO/RPO No. 152 operated and, although all three items were
written from stations on the railway, none was actually in a
German colony. However, the railway route ran through Urbakh
(Urbach) Station, from which a card with the first type single-
circle railway station cancellation was illustrated in "The Post-
Rider" No. 8, p. 54. One of its terminals was Pokrovskaya, so we
illustrate a 3-k. stationery postcard as shown at right, over-
franked with an additional 2-k. adhesive stamp, addressed to
Germany and bearing a very clear oval URAL'SK 152 URBAKH, dated
10.12.11 and with serial number IX. This would seem to indicate a
large volume of correspondence handled by the TPO/RPO of this
quite short length of railway line. If the German colonists in the
neighbourhood did post much mail on the railway, it may still be
around today in Germany. The card is written from Chalykla Stn.
The other two items are POW cards with 1917 dates. Both now show
the terminals of the route as being URAL'SK and POKROVSKAYA
SLOBODA, which was the original designation for No. 152 in 1895.
One card from YERSHOV Stn. has the cancellation URAL'SK 151
POKROVSKAYA SLOBODA 13.8.17, the "151" being an obvious error for
"152". The other is from ALTATA Stn. (formerly Dergachi) and has
the number given correctly as "152", with date 26.12.17.


In "The Post-Rider" No. 8, pp.57-58, two items were described from
this town, sent in 1922 and 1924, when it had been renamed
Ekaterinograd. We illustrate two postcards at the top of the next
page, sent in 1905 and 1906 with postmarks showing the earlier name
Ekaterinenshtadt. They were both written in German and sent to
different addresses in Germany. The earlier one, at left, is a 3-k.
stationery postcard, with a 1-k. stamp added, the cancellation
being of the single-circle type with cross date of 28.XI.1905 and
giving the status of the postal establishment as a Post and
Telegraph Office. The text is a request for a price-list of

'-9;Ye c~ci~.~:;


... ... .... ..... ..
LI z--
ifa m~oO cmgopxnb *nOlnm aBpna

*t -

* I~a *10 04 OH..UU *100006IJMOIA Ob0 atpCO.. Citf flCCrv4 YCUYtCfl~lt ~d POJIW&
. . ... . .. .. .

illustrated postcards. The other one, at right, is a 4-k.stationery
postcard sent to Berlin ten months later and has a double-circle

Mr. Peel has a postcard with the cross-date type postmark applied
in 1912, so the double-circle canceller was sent as an extra and
presumably exists with serial letter "a" as well as "b", these not
being replacements. He also has Fedorovka, Friedenfeld and Krasnyi
Kut on loose stamps. These towns are in the lists given in "The
Post-Rider", Nos. 8 & 9. Baedeker mentions two not in these lists:
Sosnovka and Rovnoe (p.434) as "German colonies with 3-5000
ler [postad, Postkarte. carto.m ponshlh.
EDITORIAL COMMENT ,pis..e. Cotpikarte. l hpm.
Post card. We:postverein. Brmtk.l;aat.
31 postal nie cim-lic. I'niune poljlie unnmwrs.le.
Readers will be interested rn... .. o, ',nr.. .* -l,
to know that the place-name. ~ a Ta.kor p,,,
of Sarepta refers to a city _\~
called Zarephath in the Old / /
Testament. It was founded
by the Phoenicians, an .'. f-j
ancient Semitic people who / -. .
were seafaring colonisers. / J.
The remains of this old A
city were unearthed some d
time ago by Dr. James ....m <. /
Pritchard, Curator of
Biblical Archaeology at the
University of Pennsylvania. '.:
It was found on the coast
of Lebanon, half-way -I'lI I l /O'"c
between Tyre and Sidon. f --c W
^iI;riE. --:-r cOTE ro TAg. ;)t j
That, and the second card
shown herewith were sent to '
Alfons Agather, a German in
Lodz, who subsequently -
emigrated to the USA. The /
* second card here also proves '
the continued usage of the .
cross-date postmarker No. 1 -.
for Ekaterinenshtadt on .- .
31.12.1913 (O.S.) .i. 41,e .. s_- V re I ,


-Abr. P. Fast. A6p. n. c4acT--b.
Blumenort. A1' 60eoimeHopTI.
Post Halbstadt, Taurien, Siittd-Russl. Q noIT..KoHT. raJlbiUTaAT-'6 l,


,:^~~.-<- ^-

;: .,. ..





West Siberia



The map excerpt on the next page was prepared by the Austrian
Military Geographic Institute during WWI and gives some idea how
many German settlements there were just in the Odessa area alone.

It will now be realized
that the postal history
of the German colonies
in the Russian Empire is
a subject of great scope.
The study of the Germans
just in the Baltic areas
is a huge sphere in its
own right. A further
interesting example here
is a bilingual envelope
sent from Blumenort,P.O.
Halbstadt in the Tavrida
province and with the
Russian postmark reading
ORLOVO TAVR.G."a"21.6.11

Another example from
much further south in
Transcaucasia is a reg.
cover from HELENENDORF,
Yelisavetpol' province
11.6.22 during the
inflationary period. No
stamps were affixed, but
there is a notation in
Russian on the back,
saying that 400,000 r.
had been paid for the
reg. postage to Germany
where it was received on
30 June 1922.

To give readers some
idea of the scope
involved, a listing is
given hereunder of P.O.s
with German names, taken
at random from the April
1937 edition of the
Dictionnaire des Bureaux
de Poste, published by
the U.P.U. in Berne.

e/43~4?- C~r~m~eBo


wi'/ 854
F eHaHeneAop J

\ /, s -;[.. --", P .... ......

. i JL "*'.. .. 'I

S^,- / ^, --

/- /. # .
'K ."
i^ ., J C '^ {^_f' .'. 'Y ..


- -



I SCALE:\cm.=2km.=s.

I, >1!.: ---


SCALE:lcm.=2km. =lmiles.

.. ,,.1O.s _Szaba / -T -: -"

The names of the German settlements have been underlined
on the above map. It will be noted that they were called
"colonies" and this designation appeared on at least one
Imperial postmark. See the illustration at right for the
District Admn. Postal Agency for the Gnadenburg Colony
in the Tersk Region, dated 10.12.13. This was applied on
a 3-k. Romanov postcard with an additional 1-k. Romanov
adhesive, which was sent to Germany. A beautiful item in
the Harry von Hofmann Collection and originally shown in
"The Post-Rider",No.5, p.9.



" %, ."


by Ing. Sven Kraul

I have two interesting items to record for your readers, as follow:-

(a) At the recent BELGICA '82 International Philatelic Exhibition,
held in Brussels last December, I had the good fortune to acquire a
nice letter with a Russia No. 2 USED TWICE. The item was submitted
for expertisation to the noted Baltic specialist and recognized
expert in the Federal Republic of Germany, Herr Harry von Hofmann.
His certificate refers to the item shown above and reads as follows:-

"No. 83/12. 8.1.83.
Russia, Michel No. 2, with rectangular dots marking No. 395 of
Fellin, as well as a double-circle town postmark OTPRAVLENO BAUSK,
dated 28 August 1858 on a letter from Bauska to Libau (Liepaja).

The stamp was originally used on a letter from Fellin and cancelled
there with the dots marking of Fellin. In lifting the stamp off this
letter, remnants of the paper remained adhering to the stamp and may
be seen at its bottom margin on the letter from Bauska. The postmark
of Bauska has been applied so that the figures "395" of Fellin would
not have been easily recognized. This was done in such a way as to
hide the double usage of the stamp, since the relevant dots marking
No. 234 for Bauska should have been applied in accordance with the

The danger of exposure of this double usage was relatively limited,
as the letter from Bauska to Libau only had to go through the transit
main post office at Mitau (Mitava, Jelgava). This is a rare document
of a double usage carried out to defraud the Post".

(b) Just as an example of tying in dots markings with their offices
of origin, please see the illustration at the top of the next page
for a Russian postcard which was sent in 1876 from Schlock in

S........................... ....... ........ .... .. ...... ....................r :T
.- ........................ .. .. .-.. ... ..... .....1

i ... ........... .... ... ................ .......... .. ... ..... '
.... |. ..... ....... _....... ... ................... .....|..., t
j ............................... ; 4 365,,x e
1e ?> B" ^T<> Nr m o ItiiBul onx oI no iTOt uI BEfN N ornpaBJeBO 1O ECt nomiTOBu
S utCTB alnpla a rpaniny.
2- If a DTOii cToponH, Hpot aApecs, He A0OBozaeTce Hnqero Apyraro DUCaTL.

Liflyand Province,now Sloka in Latvia. There is a strike on the back
of the card of the typical two-line unframed cachet, reading: st.
shlok / 13 yanvarya 1876; the dots marking No. 1365 applied on the
stamp design on the front and the item received in Mitau on the 14th.


by August Leppa.

The feeling of bewilderment raised by Ing. Sven Kraul in "The Post-
Rider" No. 11, pp. 9-10 about the military censorship markings
applied on cards from the Kurlyand and Liflyand provinces prior to
WWI is justified, as Europe was at peace at that time and the


application of censor markings was unnecessary. It seems certain that
his two examples are just cases of someone taking perfectly genuine
circulated postcards and trying to "improve" their value by adding
bogus censor markings. On examining the illustrations of Ing. Kraul's
two cards, that suspicion is strengthened by an obvious slip: the
inscriptions are in the Soviet spelling and the hard sign "b" is
lacking at the end of the word eH3sopb.

As a further proof of such philatelic vandalism, especially as
evidenced by Ing. Kraul's first card, which bears a nice railway
marking, the present writer has been able to gather indications that
those and similar additions are the work of someone currently living
in the Estonian SSR. Please see the illustration on the previous page
of a card sent from Pernov (P&rnu) on 11.5.09 and received in Leal on
the same day; note the application of the word IPOCMOTPEHO (EXAMINED)
at bottom right under the address. Other examples exist and all
emanating from the same source.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: So far as the CSRP is concerned, this is just
another example of the misdirected energies of the VOF. They should
be policing and taking action against forgers and counterfeiters,
instead of badgering their members because of minor trading between
themselves and publishing a lot of anti-Western tripe in their
magazine "Philately of the USSR". Come on now, comrades


by P.J. Campbell 0

Last year, at a stamp dealer's in Sydney, Australia, I was fortunate
enough to pick up a nice little cover, sent from the St. Petersburg
Padagogisches (Educational) Museum to Berlin. My trusty Baedeker
(Ref. 1) says that there was a Museum of Education (entrance at
Pantelei-Monskaya 2), housed in a former salt warehouse. The envelope
has a St-Petersburg registration label on the front, but not quite
like any of Imhof's types (Ref. 2). The stamps are a se-tenant pair
of the 10-kop. Arms (Scott No. 42) 1889 issue. The cancellations
are a pair of the geometric St. Petersburg number "1" in a square
inscribed within a 22-mm. circle and struck in a bright violet ink,
as is the accompanying St. Petersburg postmark of the 5th.
Ekspeditsiya (forwarding office) with double circle, bridge and
vertical bars and the date 4 FEB. 1900. The arrival marking is a nice
clear "Bestellt von Charlottenburg 2, 18/2.00", representing transit
time, plus the 12 days slip between the Gregorian and Julian
calendars in early 1900 (or 13 days after 28 February 1900).

All that is normal, but now we get to the interesting postal marking
in two words in violet ink, stamped on the back of
H3b1[U UHiA. the back of the envelope in large capital letters.
The words mean "OUT OF THE BOX", indicating mail
removed from a postal receptacle of some kind. This marking is not
common and I wonder when it was introduced, for how long it was in
use, and where. There has been a previous reference to it in the
literature. Perhaps the Editor and readers can comment.


Ref. 1: "Baedeker's Russia 1914", reprint by David & Charles,
Newton Abbot, 1971.

Ref. 2: "Die Poststempelformen in St. Petersburg von 1766-1914", by
H. Imhof, 1976.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: Further digging is required, but it would appear
from the data presented by Mr. Campbell that the box referred to in
the straight-line marking was one situated in or near the St.
Petersburg 5th. Forwarding or Despatching Office, with a provision
for accepting unfranked mail and the corresponding payment in coins
outside the hours of operation for that office. In other words, a
possible forerunner for the automats later installed to receive
registered mail and whose markings, all beginning in the year 1913,
are listed and illustrated by Herr Imhof under Nos.,, & Other comments and theories are invited.


r--, r ;--' --

;: Hsa aulriltll

- -

'. *



..r j'~9


by P.J. Campbell.

Scott No. 2494 is a stamp commemorating Lieutenant-General D. M.
Karbyshev, who was tortured to death in the Nazi prison camp at
Mauthausen, Austria. It was issued on 22 June 1961, on the 20th.


- -- -- c-

' -

S, A
*.~ *** *' ... V
- : .-

anniversary of the outbreak of the Nazi-Soviet War. The general was
born in 1880 and died in 1945. The illustration shows him in uniform
in front of a flag and below is his medal, the "Hero of the Soviet
Union", a medal also shown on Scott No. 1036. The stamp was designed
by A.V. Zav'yalov and some three million copies were issued.

The curious thing about this stamp is that there is a variety. The
facings on the collar bear the badges of rank, consisting of three
stars in the form of an inverted triangle and, above the stars, what
appears to be crossed hammers or picks, pointing to a sapper function.
That is confirmed by the Soviet catalogue, which gives his title as a
lieutenant-general of the Engineering Forces and also a Doctor of
Military Sciences. On the variety, the facing of the collar on the
General's right side seems to have a fourth star, as shown below:-

,,po( cDBEToWi roc co i31i.rlnt P COBtTCKO[O CO Ki ,tt


Normal Variety

Sthe fourth -star>;
Actually oval in
o shape

My Minkus Catalogue lists the stamp as No. 2648 and the variety as
No. 2648 t, at 67 times the value of the basic stamp. I have looked
at a lot of stamps and found only two with the extra star. The
position on the sheet is the 2nd. stamp in the second-last row.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: There was another Soviet POW during WWII, who died
or rather was executed under somewhat similar circumstances. He was
the noted Tartar poet, Musa Dzhalil (M.M. Zalilov, 1906-1944), who
was shot in Berlin in 1944 for leading a Soviet underground among his
fellow prisoners. He is commemorated on two Soviet stamps, the first
of 40-k. value being issued on 16 July 1959 and the second of 4-k.
value on 15 Feb. 1966. He was another, posthumous Hero of the Soviet
Union and we shall be devoting an article to him in a future issue of
"The Post-Rider", as his life and work make fascinating reading.


by John V. Woollam

I first read of this air service in an article by S.P. Wang, Director
General of Posts in Taiwan: "The History of Chinese Airmail Stamps
and Airmail Service" and published in 1973. This is the only
reference which I have come across in philatelic literature. It is
presumed that the Nazi invasion of Russia on 22nd. June 1941 ended the
joint service. The reference is as follows:-

"With the loss of the coast to Japan during the Sino-Japanese War,
China's communications with her allies were almost cut off, so that
China had to search for new outlets in order to survive. For this
purpose, the Hami (in Sinkiang province)-Tihwa-Alma Ata (in Russian
Central Asia) air route was opened on 6 Dec. 1939 under joint
operation of China and Russia. It connected in the east with
Eurasia's Chungking-Chengtu-Lanchow (capital of Kansu province)-Hami
air route and in the west with Russia's Alma Ata-Moscow air route,
forming a new main channel for exchange of mail between China and

I have three covers, which appear to have travelled on this route.
The first, as shown above, is a registered airmail item, from Ishan
in China to Germany, the rate paid being $5.00. Chinese date not
legible. Endorsed "via Chungking-Hami-Alma Ata-Moskau". German censor
label. Arrival c.d.s. Berlin 13.5.41. No other transit marks.

p. 0. BoX 175 -
Ch-agking, China

1 anSb enZK uni A i
Ir ii I.Z;
No .3
.4 -1

S K-do Trifon S. Hrist'oivkij,
S .. vilago Rodotina, .
Slregiono Boteygrad, ,
SBu gary.. t ..-h ;t. *. i __ .. ..

I. 0A i> IR MAIL to A lI -0a "tA ta

The second example is a registered cover from Shan Sheng Kung
(Chungking) 17.6.41, addressed in Esperanto and sent by an Esperanto
publisher to Radotina, Bulgaria. Rate $2.00. Endorsed "AIR MAIL to
Alma Ata", but no airmail label. There has been added in red crayon
an arrow, pointing to the word AIR and adding the designation "only"
after Ata. The same crayon has been used to restate the registration
number and to write on the reverse:"w 18g", possibly meaning a



weight of 18 grammes. Departure date 17.6.41 and passed through Sofia
19.7.41. No other transit marks. This cover was therefore in transit
from Russia to Bulgaria at the time of the Nazi invasion and its
method of conveyance and route after reaching Alma Ata is unclear.

The third specimen is an airmail cover from Germany to Bangkok, Siam.
Rate 35 Pf. Endorsed "Bis Moskau mit Flugpost". German censor label.
Left Hamburg 7.6.40 and arrived Chungking 6.7.40. Also, Hong Kong
25.7.40 and censor label, with final arrival at Bangkok 5.8.40. This
cover would have travelled by sdffade mail from Moscow to Alma Ata
but, from there, it must be presumed to have been airmailed to
Chungking. The other possibility is that the Russians took surface
mail to a railway point, where there was a suitable link with Tihwa
(Urumchi). This happened later in the war (1943-44), the route being
Semipalatinsk-Ayaguz-Chuguchak-Tihwa. There is no report of covers,
surface or air, going this way in the 1940-41 period.

.[... / R, AV.,^IOj.J N-v ,
f. ,R -; -: ... .-..,

: ^S&...,.: "..- -; o ,, -,, .. .

s. .- .* -. x.- -. ---- ---- .- .-
4 J -- :- F -*

Two further covers have been recorded. The one above, in the hands
of Dr. Mochi of Rome, is a registered $3.00 China cover to Italy,
endorsed "By Alma-Ata-Moscow-Berlin Air Route" and arriving on


-, ~*-"~ Aa-; A



~f~P~j-*q -

(PA /,

:L ~"

The final item, held by Mr. Hans Roos-Etter, is a registered $3.00
China cover to Germany, sent 16.7.40 and received 22.8.40. Endorsed
"Par Avion Via Chungking-Hami-Alma Ata". This latter cover is the
only one of the five recorded examples to have a Russian designation

Can readers report other examples of mail via this air service,
especially when the covers indicated which parts of the route were by
surface mail and where there were transit marks ?

EDITORIAL COMMENT: We can add the following information from the
excellent publication POSTAGE RATES OF CHINA 1867-1980, by Pingwen
Sieh & J. Lewis Blackburn, issued by the Directorate General of Posts,
Taipei, Taiwan in 1981:-

"Moscow-Alma Ata Line. The Moscow-Alma Ata air service was to be an
important connecting line for conveying Chinese air mail to the USSR
and European countries during the war. The flight of this line began
on 1 June 1940, suspended temporarily in the beginning of 1941 and
resumed from May of that year. It was scheduled to leave Moscow at
8:50 each morning via Kuibyshev, Aktyubinsk, Dzhusaly, Tashkent,
Frunze and to arrive at Alma Ata at 13:00 the next day. The return
trip was to leave Alma Ata at 4:45 every morning and to arrive in
Moscow at 13:00 the next day, covering a distance of 3847 km. As mail
forwarded by this line was subject to great delays, service for
European countries via the USSR was suspended from 3 July 1941. Mail
articles already posted were diverted to the USA for further air
transmission to England, if the sender agreed to make up the
difference in air surcharges. Those bearing no additional postage
were forwarded by air to Hongkong or Rangoon and from there by
surface to their destination".

Now we know why covers carried on the Moscow-Alma Ata air line are
so scarce !


The views expressed in the articles contained herein in this issue of
: "The Post-Rider" are those of the respective authors and not
necessarily those of the Society or its coordinators.

Anything contained in this issue may be reprinted without permission,
provided that the source is quoted and a copy sent to the Society.



by D. G. Cox.
(Editorial Introduction: The background to Mr. Cox's article concerns
the exploits of a famous Soviet pilot, S. A. Levanevskii. He was
actually a Pole and his original name was Zygmunt Lewoniewski. He had
an elder brother, J6zef (1899-1933), who went to Poland in May 1919
and was also a noted pilot, being killed in the crash of his PZL-19
aircraft on the territory of the Chuvash Autonomous Republic in Sept.
1933 during an attempted flight from the Wisla/Vistula river to the
Volga. Zygmunt, or Sigismund, as he was generally known, entered the
School for Naval Pilots at Sevastopol' in 1923 and was commemorated
on the 10-k. value of the set issued on 25.1.35 for the Chelyuskin
Rescue Expedition. Of the 200,000 copies printed of that value, some
11,000 were subsequently overprinted for the projected flight from
Moscow to San Francisco via the North Pole, starting out on 3 August
1935. It had to turn back because of engine trouble and the mail
forwarded by surface to the destinations. The overprinted stamp/Scott
No. 68/ is, of course, rare and much sought after. Zygmunt never
gave up his plan for a non-stop flight across the North Pole and took
off again on 12 August 1937 in a four-motor N-209 transport with a
crew of fiveand mail on board. They Were never heard of again,
despite the efforts of 24 Soviet and 7 foreign aircraft participating
in the search. Now read on).

One of the foreign aircraft engaged in the search was the "GUBA-I",
which Dr. Richard Archbold, a wealthy biologist connected with the
American Museum of Natural History, sold to the Soviet authorities.
They gave it to the famous Arctic explorer, Sir Hubert Wilkins, to
look for the lost Trans-Arctic aircraft during the Arctic summer.
With the onset of winter, Sir Hubert had to switch to another
aircraft fitted with skis, so as to continue the search. The Soviets
then bought him a Lockheed Electra, previously used by an American
pilot, Dick Merrill, in a two-way crossing of the Atlantic. between
New York and London from 9th. to 14th. May 1937. Sir Hubert kept
searching into 1938 and used this second aircraft to make the first
non-stop flight from Aklavik, at the mouth of the Mackenzie river in
the Northwest Territories to Edmonton, Alberta. A few covers were
carried on this flight and signed by Sir Hubert and his crew.

By the way, this was not the first flight between Aklavik and
Edmonton. "Wop" May's Commercial Airways Ltd. made the first mail-
carrying flight in December 1929. But the Soviet Search cover shown
at the top of the next page was from the first non-stop flight
between these points. It had originally been sent from Edmonton on
16 Feb. 1938 with 3 postage and received in Aklavik two days later.
It was then put on the non-stop flight back and arrived in Edmonton
on the same day (18th. March). The signatures on the cover are:-

W.R. WILSON, radio engineer of the Canadian Marconi Company.
Sir HUBERT WILKINS, leader of the Search Expedition and an Australian.
Air Commodore HERBERT HOLLICK-KENYON, to whom the cover was
originally addressed in Aklavik. There is a notation after his
signature, reading: "Master USSR / No. 214". I assume that this was
the Soviet registration number of the aircraft, after it was bought
from Dick Merrill. Hollick-Kenyon was from Toronto and, in 1935,
had been the pilot for Lincoln Ellsworth when he made his Trans-
Antarctic flight.

ALLAN T.L. DYNE, pilot engineer of Canadian Airways, Ltd.
SILAS ALWARD CHEESMAN ("Al. Cheesman"), reserve pilot of Port Arthur,

Allan Dyne and W.R. Wilson were replacements for Ray Booth and Gerald
* Brown, who had left the Expedition following the change-over for
winter conditions. It will be seen from the above that there are no
Russian signatures on the cover. The distinctive signature of Hollick-
Kenyon, which looks Russian at first sight and followed by the
designation "Master USSR / No. 214", may tend to mislead people at
first sight.


"Sir Hubert Wilkins His World of Adventure, as told to Lowell
Thomas", Readers' Book Club, 1963.

"Our Search for the Lost Aviators", by Sir Hubert Wilkins. The
National Georgraphic Magazine, Vol. LXXIV, No. 2, August 1938.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: This non-stop flight of the Soviet Search
Expedition from Aklavik to Edmonton is listed in the American Air Mail
Catalogue and priced at $150.00. Our experience has been that this
item is much underpriced, as only a few covers were carried and they
rarely come onto the market.

With the very high level of efficiency, reliability and range the
aviation world has achieved in the 1980s, it is easy for us all to
forget how dangerous the vocation of flying was in pre-WWII days. Just
to give a couple of examples, the Canadian bush pilots and the pioneer
Soviet aviators of the 1920s and 1930s were, without exception, a
group of very brave men and women, whose sacrifices have contributed
immeasurably to the safety we enjoy today. Finally, our sincere
thanks to the Philatelic Society of New South Wales and the Editor
of "The N.S.W. Philatelist" for permission to quote from Mr. Cox's
original article in that publication.

I I0


This corner will be a
regular feature in
tribute to the many
thousands of Ukrainian
immigrants who, by their
hard work, have enriched
their country of adoption,
namely Canada. As most of
them came from the western
provinces of the Ukraine, we
will be featuring items from
Bukovina, Carpatho-Ukraine & Galicia.

by Andrew Cronin

Subsequent to this area
having been covered in
"The Post-Rider" No.11,
Mr. Lauson H.Stone of
the USA has come up
with three further fine
items, as follow:-

(a) The first example,
at right,is an official
letter in Latin,sent in
1839 with first type
"v:BEREGSZAZ" marking
to Daniel Freiseisen,
Prefect of Munkacs and
Szent Mikl6s.Held in
Munkacs from 10 to 14
Sept.1839.Note the 3rd.
type "v:MUNKATS" mark
and notations in
Hungarian and German
that the addressee
could not be reached.
Although postfree when
first mailed, it was
assessed at a fee of
4 krajczar for its
return to BeregszAsz.
Most interesting !


k'- ------------ -- -' wss- *, : ,_. .--, ".---

." -: li ZL


.. ..tiJ, :
'law & o *oir L

1 ^ /SZ io ^ < *

2W6 J 4-



50 (b)
__. __ A letter with the
"- 'ornamental marking
1 county, in use from
S.1830 to 1843 and in
S. .4 this case sent via
S' to Eperjes (Presov).

6 ,. '-- "j 4

.i^ta-L .o- ,- ...-^ ..t^^^ t^ ^ '^ ^ -- ^ :

A-M." P(' c (c)An official letter
S" from the Ung County
Records Office in
SUngvir and sent to
e ^ NagymihAly (now
4. Michalovce,Slovakia).
Posted on 24 January
S ~ 1860.Note the unusual
UNGHVAR octagonal
i marking;full details
S- in next chapter below.



The Austrian Empire began issuing stamps on 1 June 1850, which were
naturally also on sale at post offices in the Hungarian counties,
including those of Bereg, Maramaros, Ugocsa and Ung that included the
area of the Carpatho-Ukraine. In short, the postal administration was
Austrian, while the place-names were in Hungarian for the offices in
the Carpatho-Ukraine.

With appearance of adhesives, there was naturally a carry-over of the
postal markings applied in the pre-stamp period, primarily of the
double-ring type, with day and month indications only. For two offices,
as noted hereunder, the old straight-line marks were also used as
cancellers. By the middle of 1854, single-ring types began to appear,
with the place-name, day and month indicated.

* As readers will doubtless know, two eminent philatelists, the late
Ing. Edwin Muller of Austria and Gary S. Ryan Esq. of England have
classified the postmarks and used point systems to indicate the degrees
of rarity. It is not proposed to repeat that information for the post
offices that operated in the Carpatho-Ukraine as, for the purposes of

- --------- --- In~

this present study, it will suffice to say that postmarks are hard to
find from the larger, mainly Magyar-speaking towns of Beregszasz,
Munkacs, Nagyszollos and Ungvar and scarcer still from Alsoverecke,Huszt,
Polena, Szerednye, Tecso and Tiszaujlak. Strikes from the remaining
offices are, in general, howling rarities as the volume of mail was
very small. Population figures from 1860-1870 are given as a guide to
rarity, but there is at least one contradiction. For example, the
town of Korosmezo (Yasinya), the capital of the Hutsul district in
the eastern tip of the area, had a larger population than Beregszasz
but its markings are a good deal scarcer. The reason must surely be
that the Hutsuls had strong autonomist tendencies and were reluctant
to attend the Hungarian schools. The Hutsuls have left an indelible
imprint on both the history and the postal history of the Carpatho-
Ukraine, as we shall see later on.

The illustrations of the postmarks on stamps and mail shown in the
listing hereunder are taken from the collections of Miroslav Blaha of
Czechoslovakia, Dr. Walter J. Rauch of the Federal Republic of
Germany, Lauson H. Stone of the USA and the present writer. There are
many blank spots and it would be appreciated if readers would send in
details of markings from the smaller offices to round out the picture.

ALSO-VERECZKE, in Bereg county (A1l6Verecke, Nizin Verecky,
Opened in 1833. _
D-r.pmk. all issues. '

_-- 0: ,_;A -/ry.v' .X' v- '

MIA ;c2;.


Letter from Als6-Vereczke to
Lauson H. Stone Collection.

Munk cs;

BEREGSZASZ, capital of Bereg county (Berehovo,
Popn.: 4230. BEPErCACb, BEPErOBO, BEPErOBE).
(0 ne i 13 Q ..

D-r.pmk. all issues.
S-r.pmk.1864 issue.

.- :. '

: ^
w^ ^- *', -:.., '--:-- - -.

Letter from Beregszasz to Munkacs;
Latson H, Stone Collection.




DOLHA, in Maramaros county (Dolhoje, Dovhe, OJirOE, AOBPE).
Popn.: 1241. Strikes are of the greatest rarity
* Opened on 1.3.1865. and none have been seen by us.
S-r. pmk. on 1864 issue.

FEKETE ARDO, in Ugocsa county (iern? Ardov,qEPHblH APAOBb, YEPHHM APAIB,
Opened on 1.6.1866. Strikes are of the greatest rarity
S-r. pmk. on 1864 issue. and none have been seen by us.

HUSZT, in Maramaros county (Hust, Chust,ryCTb, XYCTb, XYCT).
Popn.: 1955.
Opened in 1836.
D-r. pmk. all issues.

(.S ) ii t
L7 '0- -#
NM8i r ~cL~~C-

-i 1t

'. : : ". '- .. .. .. ;,. "- ... .- -i -' .

S -, .i .. t -'., r .. "

Letter with 5 kr. 1858 issue from
Huszt to Munkacs. L.H.Stone Colln.

KASZONY, in Bereg county (Mezokaszony, Kosino,KOCHHO, KOCHHE).
Popn.: 1210.
Opened on 1.10.1858. Very rare on 1850 issue and rare on
S-r. pmk. on all issues. later issues. No strikes seen by us.

KOROSMEZO, in Maramaros county (Jasina,HCbHR, HCHHA, HCHHH).
Popn.: 5372.
Opened on 1.7.1854. Strikes are rare and have not yet
S-r. pmk. on all issues. been seen by us.

MUNKACS, in Bereg county (Mukacevo, MYKAqEBO, MYKAIEBE).
Popn.: 7524.
Opened in 1786. --
D-r. pmk. all issues.
S-r. pmk. from early 1861. /~ 1 .'-. *r.

.-.- 4


The 15 kr. 1860 issue paying the reg".
rate from Munkacs 13.10.1862 to
Olomouc in Moravia 16.10.1862.
Lauson H. Stone Collection.



NAGY-BEREZNA, in Ung county (Nagyberezna,Velikoje Bereznoje,Velky"
Popn.: 1232. Berezny,
Opened on 1.7.1862. BEIHKOE BEPE3HOE, BEJIHKH BEPE3HH ).
S-r.pmk. 1860 & 1864 issues. Strikes are rare and have not yet
been seen by us.
NAGY-SZOLLOS,capital of Ugocsa county(Nagysz6ll's,Sevljus ,Sevl'u.
Opened in 1787. BHHOrPAJIB).
Str.line on 1850 issue,
D-r.pmk. all issues. y.-----' ." Y
f) ,-

A highly interesting letter Nagysz6llos
via Miskolc & Buda to bdenburg (Sopron)
with 9 kr.1850 issue paying domestic
rate for more than 20 Postmeilen =
148.4 km. Lauson H.Stone Collection.
OK6RMEZ6, in Maramaros county (Volovoje, Volove,
Opened on 14.2.1859.
S-r.pmk.1858-1864 issues. Strikes are rare and have not yet been
seen by us.

PERECSENY, in Ung county
Popn.: 1086.
Opened on 1.7.1862.
S-r.pmk.1860 & 1864 issues.

POLENA, in Bereg county
Popn.: 274 (1).
Opened in 1833.
D-r.pmk. on all issues.

RAHO, in Maramaros county
Popn.: 2113.
Opened on 1.7.1854.
S-r.pmk. on all issues.

(Pere6in, nEPEqHHI, HEPEqHH).

Strikes are very rare and have not yet
been seen by us.

(Pol'ana, Pol'ana u Sval'avy, nHOJLHA).

V It A fine strike on 6 kr.1850
/ issue in the Miroslav
Blaha Collection (rare).


Scarce and no strikes yet found by us.

SOM, in Bereg county (Beregsom, Som,llOMb, MOM).
Popn. in 1910: 1074 for Beregsom; 774 for Somogysom.
Opened on 1.7.1864.
S-r. pmk. on 1864 issue.

This place-name is a problem. Both Edwin Mtller and Gary Ryan state
that this was the SOM located in Somogy county, Western Hungary.
However, the same place-name was also applied to a town in Bereg



county, which had a bigger population and was largely Magyar-
speaking. We will only know for sure when someone comes up with a
letter sent through this office.

SZEREDNYE, in Ung county (Serednoje,Seredne,CEPEXHOE, CEPEAHE).
Popn.: 1786.
Opened in 1786. ;'
D-r.pmk. on all issues. i'.

Szerednye markings are hard to find and, as an indication of their
desirability, a strip of three of the 2 kr. 1850 issue on machine
paper so cancelled went for 1150 Swiss francs at the 1981 Corinphila
Auction. That was a bargain, as such a strip is probably unique.

SZTAVNA, in Ung county
Popn..: 641.
Opened on 1.10.1864.
S-r.pmk. on 1864 issue.

TECSO, in Maramaros county
Popn.: 1836.
Opened in 1836.
Str. line on 1850 issue

(Fenyvesvolgy, Stavnoje, Stavne,
This marking is a howling rarity and
has never been found by us.

(Ta6ovo, TH3OBE, THWEBb, T3qOB, TIqIB).

id ". 6 ~
/4~: 'AU -0': "

S-r.pmk. on all issues ,V ,

The straight-line marking is a carry-over from the pre-stamp period
and strikes are very desirable on the adhesives.

TISZA-UJLAK, in Ugocsa county(Tiszaujlak,Vylok,BYIOKb, BJIOK, BbIJOK,
Popn.: 1711. BHIOK).
Opened in 1836.
D-r.pmk. on all issues /. .

i; /
i ; t,'


/ Z/

An interesting letter Tiszaujlak
8.12.61. with 10 kr.1860 issue paying
the domestic rate from 10 to 20 Post-
meilen = 74.2 to 148.4 km. and sent
to Kaschau(Kassa, Kogice).
Dr. Walter J. Rauch Collection.

TREBUSA, in Maramaros county (Trebusafejerpatak, Trebusany, TPEBYIIIAHI).
Popn.: 642.
Opened on 1.7.1854. A howling rarity and never seen by us.
S-r.pmk. on all issues.

UNGVAR, capital of Ung county(Unghvar, Uihorod,
Popn.: 9061.
D-r.pmk. 1850-1858.
Octagonal type 1858-1874 (!). This unusual type

,~~ 7


is inscribed UNGHVAR.

? .

A fine letter with strip of 3 x 3 kr. from Ungvar
26.5.1851 to Krasznahorkavaralja, paying the domestic
rate over 20 Postmeilen = 148.4 km.

Letter with 5 kr. 1860 issue from Unghvar(octag.)
27 FEB. (1862) to S'toraljaujhely.
Both above letters Miroslav Blaha Collection.



UZSOK, in Ung county (Uzok, Y5KOKb, YVKOK).
Popn.: 564
Opened on 1.3.1866. It is obvious from the population figures
S-r. pmk. on 1864 issue. that this marking is a great rarity.
The name appears to have been misapplied, as it refers merely to the
pass leading from the Verkhovyna district through the mountains into
Galicia. The Verkhovyna district is known to all Ukrainians from the
popular song BEPXOBHHO, MATH MOH It seems certain from the
population figures that the post office was actually located in the
village of VOLOSYANKA (called HAJASD by the Hungarians), lying at
the head of the valley and just below the crest of the pass.

VERESMART: Both Edwin Miller & Gary Ryan record a s-r. pmk. so
inscribed and opening on 1.12.1866. An office existed in Ugocsa county
called FELSOVERESMART (VELIKA KOPANYA), but the author cannot verify
when it opened. There was a VERESMART = ROTHBERG in Szeben county and
now in Roumania. Further research is required to solve this problem.



It is not generally realized that the 1867 issue of postage stamps
listed under Austria in the main catalogues was also the first
independent issue of Hungarian stamps. The famous historical
compromise between the Austrians and the Magyars led to that
* situation in the following way.

The first Hungarian Government began functioning on 17 Feb. 1867. By
22nd. March, discussions had started in Pest about a provisional
postal agreement and it was finally signed on 13th. April. As of 1st.
May 1867, postal matters were administered in Hungary and Trans-
sylvania by the Royal Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and
Commercial Affairs. On 8th. June, the Austrian Emperor Franz Josef I
was crowned Apostolic King of Hungary.

While still printed in Vienna, the only inscription on the 1867 issue
was "kr.", i.e. also the Hungarian abbreviation for "krajczar". These
stamps were valid for postage in Hungary from 1 June 1867 to 31 July
1871. With the expansion of postal services within the Kingdom of
Hungary, all new postmarkers were now being engraved in Budapest,
rather than Vienna. Among the improvements introduced by the Magyars
was the inclusion in the new cancelling devices of the year figures
and also the "megye" or county.

The tabulation hereunder lists the new markings engraved for existing
offices in the Carpatho-Ukraine, as well as for new offices opened
during that four-year period. All strikes from these new places are
rare and desirable, as they were applied in small and out-of-the-way

BEREZNA, in Maramaros county (Berezovo, BEPE3OBO, BEPE3OBE).
Opened on 25.7.1871.
S-r. pmk. with year figures and county designation: MARAM. M.

BILKE, in Bereg county (Bilky, BEJIKH, BHJIKH).
Opened on 8.7.1868.
S-r. pmk. with year figures.

BUSTYAHAZA, in Maramaros county (Bustina, BuStino,
Opened on 15.11.1868. BYWITHHA, BY)KqHHO, BYUTHHO, BYITHHE).
S-r. pmk. with year figures.

The fine letter here from the
L.H. Stone Collection shows an
early usage Bustyahaza 2.10.69
via Nylregyhaza 3.10 to Szolnok -
4.10. Very fast journey and the
letter must have gone by rail j i *
for most, if not all the way.
As of 1.1.1866, the domestic -
rate was 5 kr. per lot (12.8 g. i
Or 0.45 oz.) regardless of
distance. I ......

DOMBO, in Maramaros county (Dubovoie, Dubove,
Opened on 7.3.1870. YBOBOE, gYBOBOG, AYBOBE).
S-r. pmk. with year figures and county designation: MAR. MEGY.

GAT, in Bereg county (Hat u Bereqsasu, Ha u Berehova,
Opened on 16.7.1867. rATb, FAT).
S-r. pmk. with year figures and county designation: BEREG M.

HUSZT, in Maramaros county (Hust, Chust,ryCTL, XYCTb, XYCT).
Opened in 1836.
New s-r. pmk. with year figures, introduced in 1868.

KdVESLIGET, in Maramaros county (Drahovo, APArOBO, APAFOBE).
Opened on 7.3.1870.
S-r. pmk. with year figures.

MEZ6-KASZONY, in Bereg county (Kosino, KOCHHO, KOCHHE).
Opened on 1.10.1858.
New s-r. pmk. with year figures and county designation: BEREG M.
It replaced the original s-r. pmk. inscribed KASZONY.

MUNKACS, in Bereg county (Muka6evo,MYKAqEBO,
Opened in 1786. MYKAqEBE).
New s-r. pmk. with larger letters.

NAGY-BOCSKO, in Maramaros county(Nagybocsko, Veliky Bockov,
Opened on 1.6.1867. BEJIHKI .BOqKOBb, .BqKIB BERHKHR).
D-r. pmk.(unusually late introduction for this early type of marking).

NAGY-SZOLL6S,capital of Ugocsa c.(Nagyszo1llos, Sevljus, Sevl'u,CEBJil).
Opened in 1787.
New s-r. pmk. with year figures and inscribed: N.SZOLLOS/UGOCSA M.

VARI, in Bereg county (Variova, Vary, BAPU, BAPH).
Opened on 15.11.1868.
S-r. pmk. with year figures.

VISK, in Maramaros county (Vyskovo nad Tisou,BbUlrKOBO, BHMKOBE).
Opened on 27.8.1868.
S-r. pmk. with year figures.

S-," To round off the
usages of the 1867

S//1 / "" is now shown from
/ft """ the M.Blaha Colln.
with the 2 kr.
paying the printed
matter rate and
P4 / with the continued
use of the octag.
UNGHVAR marking,
dated 6 FEB.(1871).
Sent to Eperjes
(PreSov, Slovakia).


.- .. .- Finally, readers
--___ ---"---__- -- will be interested
..to know that
S Austria-Hungary
.1 0; A pioneered the use
Sof postcards on
S' 1 Oct. 1869.These
were of 2 krajczar
Value, in the
': design of the 1867
C -;m stamps. The first
issue for Hungary
____________________ had the German
S- inscription:
I- .. and the Hungarian
t, coat of arms added
Just below. Its
S| i reception in the
.. e -^-- Kingdom was less
-.. .......- -- than enthusiastic
and a second, corrected version with indications in Magyar was soon
introduced, as shown above. Both versions must also have been on sale
in the Carpatho-Ukrainian offices. Details would be appreciated from
the readership, as we have not yet seen such examples.


Readers are reminded that all three coordinators of the Society are
* fully engaged in earning their livings and thus do not have time to
answer individual requests or queries. Where such questions are of
general interest to the readership, they will be taken up in the
subsequent issues of "The Post-Rider". Please bear with us !

_~^ _111 __


by Helmut Weikard

One of the results of the Agreement of Non-Aggression between
Germany and the USSR signed in Moscow on 23 August 1939 was that the
German community, which had lived in the Baltic area for centuries,
was given the right to repatriation to the Third Reich. Many of
these people saw the writing on the wall after WWII broke out on Ist.
September 1939 and started going back to Germany almost immediately.
That desire became even more urgent after the Red Army entered the
three Baltic republics of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in force on
17 June 1940 and all of them then incorporated in the USSR as Union

While the Soviet Government raised no objection to the Baltic Germans
leaving, there were bureaucratic procedures that had to be followed
and often took a long time to complete. There were still people
waiting to go to Germany as late as April 1941 and they were
becoming very nervous, as the political tension in the area was
growing daily.

It is noteworthy to collect the pieces of mail sent by the Baltic
Germans during that period, particularly in the form of postcards,
as the guarded comments contained in the messages give some idea of
the impending danger these people felt they were facing. One of the
main things that bothered them was the long delays in the despatch
of mail between the Third Reich and the Soviet Baltic Republics,
which they felt could not be accidental.

I am showing three examples here, which should be of interest to
fellow-readers of "The Post-Tider".

S t.. ... .........

(1) The card above was written in Tallinn, Estonia on 10 Jan. 1941
and posted the next day with 30 kop. Soviet postage. The female
writer makes her anxiety apparent in the handwritten text. Note the
continued application of the Estonian machine canceller for Tallinn.
Kr-SE 2~~rI`
,I x fi 66 a -

(1) The car abv a rte nTlin soi n1 a.14
an psedte et da ih3 op oitpsag.Tefml
wriermaesher anit paeti h anwitntx.Nt h
continued ; appicaio .of th soinmciecnelrfrTli


p..- /Y iQ '4

~-SC LClC L4 ; I_ -eic i~ 44

,. c' 0-Z-Jc.C(

(C-' Z~ CC

.,-G- : C

~~LA2 9

"C- Lr.cL Xf.


*',.._ ~ -''--- V-b.

~2 -*-"or I(~


a .j-..-- V .




,. ....~,,~.I


This item demonstrates
a scarce usage of the
10-santimu postcard
issued by the Latvian
SSR. Note that there
was an additional
charge of 1 santims to
cover the manufacturing
cost of the card and an
additional 10-santimu
Stamp was affixed to
send the card abroad.
The writer complains
that Viktor's letter
took one month to arrive
and asks the addressee
not to write any more
as they would be leaving
in a few days. The card
was sent from Riga on
1 March 1941 and bears
the bilingual Russo-
Latvian cancel with
serial letter "a".


........... ~ r~-a m~I-r~rrrr-r; -"--

~_ __~_~~~_____ ~~_~___~__~^__.1_ -_-_) -~---YIYY

_.I---- -


_L--~-'---ir-- ---~-~I --C~r~.lr.i~~~.CC-----l-Y~- r~

A37 KAPTOL(4 r

I santimu.
KUR c. .7.'- .A,. .,<- e t.. /.. I .......
KYjlA (pastaiestddes, apgab ada rajona, ciema vat saddas nosaukums, bet dz. stac. art
dzelzcea nosaukums nauMenos. Mecma. tde naxodamcu norma, u o6.tacmu u.u itpan. a
c.x cmanquu HaaOMeHoaamue .w. 0.)

... .. ... .. .... ....... "\
(rajona, apdztvotds vietas vai mdjas nosaukums paiion, ceAo UAU depeen)
............ ..... ....

(ielas nosaukams, mdjas un dzivokla numurs yAuqa, No doma u Ksapmupu)

KAM ............... .. .......... ........... ....
K A M o ....... ....... ........ ". '.. '-. A .. .................................. ..2q
KOMY (pilns adresdta nosaukams nodpouoe HauMeHoaamue aadpecama)

Sutiltja nosaukums un adrese .... .. .........
HauMenosaaue u adpec omnpaeume.An
..... ... .. .. ... ... ...... ......... ... .. S


~~i .

.. ......... .... .. .

.. .... .... .. ...... .. ,
Ky f 7f d,(.,

o.,,^ i^ '..........

(3) This last item is a 20-kop. Soviet card with additional 10 kop.
postage to take it abroad from N6mme, Estonia, 29.4.41. The message
notes that one letter had gone astray and is written in a guarded
and innocuous tone.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: The best source for such correspondence is
obviously Germany and we would like to hear if other philatelists
there have found similar examples, especially from Lithuania, which
is not represented in the above article.
__ ,> ,


by James Mazepa
An interesting aspect of postal history is the study of railway
routes in and through a country. The railway line between Warsaw
and St. Petersburg was not completed until some time in 1862.
However, mail was carried on those portions of the line which had
been completed and this was accomplished either by steam locomotive
or horse-drawn carriage.
The envelope illustrated here in Fig. 1 is an advertising cover of
the "Big Company of Russian Railways St. Petersburg to Warsaw
Line". It originated in Grodno and, on the reverse, bears a two-
line Cyrillic postmark in red, reading: GRODNO OTPRAV. / 14
line Cyrillic postmark in red, reading: GRODNO OTPPAV. / 14

Fig. 1. Fig. 2.

Oktyabrya 1859. This indicated the despatch from Grodno on 14th.
October Old Style, which was 26th. October New Style in the 19th.
Century. This postmark was described in an early issue of "The
* British Journal of Russian Philately" as being recorded on a Russia
No. 1 from the Faberge Collection. To date, no entire envelopes have
been advised with this postmark.

Grodno was located within the borders of Imperial Russia in 1859 and
would have used Russian stamps Scott Nos. 1-4 and 8-10 during that
period. Mail could also have been sent part-paid and collect and, in
fact, foreign mail such as the envelope here, was usually sent in
either of those fashions. There is on the reverse a manuscript PORTO,
which indicated that postage was paid to the (Polish-Prussian) border
S only. The addressee was responsible for the tariff from the border to
the destination in France. The letter was received in Warsaw on 29th.
October (reverse) and forwarded on the 30th. (front). When it was
received at the Prussian border station, the postal employee applied
the origin cachet AUS RUSSLAND (FROM RUSSIA) and possibly the boxed
"P.35", although that may have been struck on the travelling postal
carriage of the Prussians Railways. This mark refers to particular
postal conventions between Prussia and France, which controlled the
amount of postal credits between the two countries prior to the
founding of the Universal Postal Union. Several different "P" numbers
are known to have applied to mail from Poland and Russia during this
period. I believe that the large manuscript "3's" in blue and red
indicated the debit and credit. The letter travelled on the Prussian
railway, as indicated by an unclear Prussian RPO/TPO postmark on the
reverse, to the French border station at Valenciennes. The small
* double-circle green entry mark"PRUSSE VALENCIENNES 1 NOV. 59" was
applied here. The French office indicated a postage due of "11"
d6cimes (= If. 10c.) and forwarded the letter to Paris, where it was
received on Ist. November.

The fact of the three-day transit from Grodno to Warsaw suggests that
the railway line was not completed at that date between these towns
and transport was accomplished by horse carriage. The two-day journey
from Warsaw to Paris attests to the efficiency of the railway postal
service in 1859. All in all, this is an interesting envelope, which
touches on the postal history of Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Prussia
and France


Is there a question or point you would like to put
across to the readership; is there an interesting
stamp, cancellation or cover that you would like to
describe; is there an item in your collection that
could use some clarifying information, or might there b t
be some gems of wisdom that you could impart on some o 0o o0
newly acquired item ? Q oo ,

Share your questions, thoughts and wisdom, in the confines
of a couple of paragraphs with the rest of our readers

Rene' Hillesum, Hilversum. Hollaind (courtes- -f Rev LT.L.Tnnfl'.
I_ *


^L. '"L' (r^

/i _______z


47.r< .- ^* 7 .

The illustrations above show the first day of usage of the Romanov
Jubilee postcard & stamps (2.1.1913), making up the 4-k.surface card
rate abroad + 10 k. regn. fee to Rottach. The German message reads:
"My dear friend! I was the first at the counter who obtained the new
stamps. The Jubilee stamps have appeared today, while I remain as
always,your friend, A.Thwerst". He has gone down in philatelic history!

Continuing our celebration of the 70th.
anniversary of the Romanov Tercentenary
issue, we are featuring here a vertical
j.1j pair of the 7-kop. value, with two clear
_. strikes reading: NOVYI URGENCH KHIV.VLAD.
"b" 19.11.13, i.e. from Novyi Urgench in
the Khanate of Khiva. This fine item is
in the possession of Herr Walter
Frauenlob of Berne, Switzerland.

The envelope shown above is a philatelic souvenir of the Opening of
the Higher Technical Institute of Cambodian-Soviet Friendship in Pnom-
Penh on 20 September 1960, when Prince Norodom Sihanouk was still
sovereign of the country. It bears an appropriate cachet and a
postmark cancelling a stamp of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the 10-kop.
WWI Russian imperial charity stamp. Just an ordinary souvenir at first


J(4e? -~I .."-C3

3~e-~ se krL -

481e~t ~~/f;- \' /~RLet

Renl~ Hillesum, Hilversum. Holl~n~

(rnurt~il~ ~f npTr~T,.TI.T~nn~.

sight, except that the Russian stamp shows the "broken lance" variety.
That is in the form of a distinct horizontal line which cuts through
* the lance at about the same level as St. George's belt. It occurs four
times on the sheet of 100 stamps, namely on positions 43, 48, 93 & 98.

That gives us a clue about the composition of the vignette or key
plate used to print the brown colour of the central design and
background by the typographic process. What must have happened was
that there was originally a master pane of 25 units made up (5x5),
with the broken lance variety appearing on the middle unit in the
bottom row (position No. 23). The key plate of 100 units could then
have been made by duplicating the master pane the necessary number of
times, probably by the stereo process and thus also duplicating the
broken lance variety. It cannot be stressed too much that a knowledge
of printing methods will add greatly to the dimension of one's
collecting activities.

Allan Steinhart, Toronto, Ont., Canada.

V7 .. : ,..)(

Military Hospital P.O. in Sydney, Australia 11 Jan. 1921 to Sir

Andrew Fisher M.D., then billeted at 25 Griboedov St., Tiflis in
I -
;: 1

/ ,' '0 .,\,,,,-
h 'e '- .' -.i, ..'. 1cH '

The letter illustrated above will be of interest to Transcausian
collectors, as it is a registered letter sent from the Randwick
Military Hospital P.O. in Sydney, Australia 11 Jan. 1921 to Sir
Andrew Fisher M.D., then billeted at 25 Griboedov St., Tiflis in
Georgia. The rate a ae up of 3d. surface foreign postage and a
further 3d. for the registration fee. It was backstamped in Sydney
on the same day and got to London, England on tst. March.

It could go no further, as the Georgian Menshevik Govt. was already
on its last legs by t the the letter was originally posted and
the Bolsheviks were well and truly in power by 15th. February. Sir
Andrew must have been evacuated well before then, but apparently no
effort was made to trace him. There are two handstamps on the front,
reading "REGISTERED SERVICE / SUSPENDED" and "Undelivered for reason
stated / Returned Letter Section, London", showing that the letter
had been sent back to the writer, H.C. Field, 34 Linthorpe St.,
Newtown, Sydney, Australia.

J.G. Moyes, Harlow, Essex, England.



S.. ...............-.-.-..... ... .. .. .-.i
.. -..... . .....
.. ... ......--...

1. Tro n 0nouo XomeTm 6auT onyineuO Bs no'rroAui ann Ra o eTnpanIe o B TOuas
scTra )lnepin. O .-
2Be aToii cTOpo nt upoRt apeca ae AopaonoieTca A ero pyraro nncano n

Further to the reference about theI HA 4 K.C.handstamp applied in
violet at the top of a 5-kop. postcard in the Harry von Hofmann
Collection ("The Post-Rider", No.11, p.7), I have recently found a
second example in a dealer's junk box here The message was written
in German on 10th. Oct. 1877, i.e. more than three months before the
item held by Herr von Hofmann and apparently sent from Bendery in
Bessarabia. The sending postmark is unclear, but it appears to be a
TPO/RPO with the words 9ro OTAgtA at bottom. It was addressed to a
Mr. Theodor Neander at the Police Bridge, No. 40 Bashmakov House,
Apt. No. 53 in St. Petersburg, where it was received on 13 Oct.,3 pm.

As Herr von Hofmann's example was also posted in Bessarabia (Tarutino),
it would seem that this was a provisional and local handstamp applied
by the Bessarabian Postal District, presumably at Kishin&v.

Neil J. Roult, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA.

I have come across two rather unusual Tuvan
postmarks and would like to enquire if any
readers of "The Post-Rider" can shed any
light on them. The first appears to be of the
"Kizil Touwa" type seen on the Soviet stamps
0 i used in Tuva, but is on the 1927 Ethnographic
IC. "l 50-kop. value bearing a date apparently of
A : ..Aug. 1930. Comparison with Blekhman's book
leads me to believe that the postmark is not genuine, since various
points, such as the shape of the star, do not match his illustration.

The second postmark appears on the 5-kop. value of the 1927 issue and
is of a double-ring type with a thick outer ring. The characters
appear to be Latin, rather than Cyrillic. Also, the thick outer ring
does not match any of the Tuvan postmarks of which I know. Comments,

EDITORIAL COMMENT: The first marking described by Mr. Roult appears to
be a forgery and the second one is bogus. The Editor has a range of
* exotic markings on the Tuvan pictorials, none of which were ever
applied there. He even has a strike on the first issue of a German
canceller for Stettin, now Szczecin in Poland A comprehensive study
of this subject will appear in a future number of "The Post-Rider".

Derek Palmer RDP, Santiago de Chile. Wrs -V"r- r,

I have come across something rather '
odd and would appreciate comments.
Looking at the photo, the stamp on '
the left is the normal 10 k. blue
Gibbons 727f. The one on the right
is in brown, the same shade as A
Gibbons' brown in their colour key.
The only exceptions are parts of
the frame lines at top and upper
left corner, the woman's cap, her
left eye & right eyebrow, all ofi X I
which are in the normal blue. I
have looked at it with a quartz lamp and there are differences between
the blue and brown parts of the stamp. Is this a colour changeling,
caused by applying sodium bisulphide ?

EDITORIAL COMMENT: One of the things noticed when entering a Soviet
post office is that the glue is supplied in powdered form. Water is
added daily to a batch by the staff and used to seal packets, as well
as affix postage stamps. As the content is highly acidic, its effect
on stamps is usually devastating and some weird colour changes often
result. Collectors sometimes think they have found a rare colour
variety, but such is NOT the case


A 56-page magazine, published by the British Society of Russian
SPhilately. All enquiries to the General Secretary, Mr. R. Young,
27 Coxhill Gardens, River, Dover, England CT17 OPX.

This large issue, and the last to be edited by I.L.G. Baillie, has an
article by him on Odessa: 1804 onwards; Russian PORTO Marks, by W. K.

Elias; The "1757" St.Petersburg Letter to Baden, by B. Lewis; Estonia:
pre-independence marks, by E.G. Peel & I.L.G.Baillie; Disinfected Mail
& Odessa "Fleuron", by D.J.Horgan; Estonia: Post Office Forms, by A.
Saardson; Zemstvo No. Is, by P.J.Campbell; Russian Arms Type Varieties,
by W.Frauenlob, ,who also does Used Abroad with Canon Vyvyan-Jones;
Unnumbered Railway Marks, by Rev.L. Tann & N.C.Warr, the latter also
doing Moscow:Railways & Postage Due; Moscow Perfins:Belgian Stamps, by
P.F.Mazur; Franked MTO Forms, by A.Spaekaert & N C.Warr; Franked MTO
Forms with Telegram, by M. Ingrey; Registered Mail-Addendum 6, by
various authors; Forged Steamship Mark, by A.Cronin; Machine Cancels-
Addendum 3, by M. Ingrey; Non-Delivery due to WWI, by B.Kaup; Moscow
Censorship-Addendum 2, by R.P.Knighton & B.A.Evans; Ukraine Pictorials
on Maps, by A.Hall & J.Barefoot; Soviet Varieties, by L.A.Kolot; 1928
Falkland Islands to Russia, by R.I.Johnson; WW2 Polish Forces Overseas
Dumbs, by R.P.Knighton; 1957-58 Handicrafts Issue Variety, by H.
Norwood; Soviet Arctic Stations, by L.A.Kolot; Registered Postcards
by H. Norwood; New Commemorative Envelope No. 675, by Dr. Rutkowska
and, finally, Reviews.
The range covered is therefore large and we understand that No. 60
will be edited by our subscriber and Transcaucasia specialist, Mr.
P.T. Ashford.

Issue Nos. 100/101 for 1981. A 128-page magazine, published by Dr.
K.L. Wilson and available from him at 7415 Venice St., Falls Church,
Virginia, USA, 22043.

Although dated 1981,this finely produced issue appeared in April 1983.
The subjects covered are an obituary of Rimma Sklarevski; Imperial
Russia's Temporary Post Offices (excellent :), by D.Skipton; 1921
RSFSR Definitives, by the late K.A.Berngard.& trans. by R.L.Trbovich;
Imperial Postage Stamps used after the Revolution, by the late V. V.
Lobachevskii & trans. by G.Shalimoff; Is it real or a Fantasy & The
Moscow 50 Postal Station Marking, by G.Shalimoff; Estonian Army
threatening Petrograd in 1919, by A.Leppd; History of Postal Service
in Grand Duchy & Rep. of Finland, by L.Buzzetti; Fantasy or Actuality
by D.Kuznetsov, trans. by D.Skipton; Bodune, a new office in China,
by G.Shalimoff for V.A.Popov; Member to Member Adlets; Recent
Additions to the Rossica Library and, finally, Rossica Bookshelf.
A strong and well-produced issue.

GEORGIA, by John Barefoot and Andrew Hall. A spiral-bound book of 66
large pages, published in the European Philately Series, by J.
Barefoot (Investments) Ltd., York, England.

This excellent publication covers all aspects of Georgian philately
in a specialised way: the stamps, varieties, local, bogus and
fraudulent issues; a listing of the post offices and much other data.
The pioneer work done by the noted Transcaucasian specialist, Mr.P.T.
Ashford, is also incorporated.

It is the ideal guide for putting one's collection into order and is
strongly recommended. It is being offered to the readership by our
Journal Fund postpaid anywhere in the world at a reasonable cost
(please see p. 75).

BEFORE THE REVOLUTION: Russia and its people under the Czar, by Kyril
FitzLyon and Tatiana Browning. A hardcover book of 206 pages,
published by the Overlook Press, Woodstock, N.Y.,U.S.A.

With a highly literate 62-page preface
by Kyril FitzLyon, this is a wonderful : '
pictorial volume of rare photographs ^.. '
taken during the reign of Nicholas II ..
(1894-1917). Some were furnished by -
the Novosti Press Agency, but the A I. 1_ tY
great majority were from private
collections in the West and picture ..,
postcards of the era.

There were still extremes of poverty
and wealth in the last years of the
Empire, but there was also steady ;yy
progress. Illiteracy was decreasing
and would have been wiped out by 1930; .
industrial output was rising at an :
annual average rate of 6 per cent. .:
That was better than the present ..- .' -: o
Soviet rate. Land was being prepared' .
in what is now the Buriat-Mongol ASSR
for the aided resettlement of poor, :.
peasants from Western Russia and your_ .. .
reviewer has the postcards to prove it. .

There have often been jokes in the Cadets picking mushrooms.
USSR that the purpose of Socialism was
to bring living standards up to the levels enjoyed during the Empire.
There is no doubt in the writer's mind that, had the great disaster of
WWI not intervened, Russia would have slowly developed into a
constitutional democracy, with a standard of living at least as high
as that of our own country, Canada.

The book is a wonderful background to collecting Imperial issues and
is being offered to readers by our Journal Fund at a very favourable
price, postpaid anywhere (see p.75). Don't miss it Ya. Afangulskii.

RUSSISCH-SOWJETISCHE PHILATELIE (Russian and Soviet Philately) No.30
for September 1982. A 52-page journal, issued by the Russia-USSR
Study Group in the Federal Republic of Germany. Obtainable from Herr
Pitt Piacenza, D-5583 ZELL/Mosel, Schloss-Str. 1, West Germany.

Edited by Herr Joachim Schneider, D-7000 Stuttgart, Melonenstr. 56,
this issue covers Society notes; Literature reviews; two excellent
studies of the Inflationary Period 1922-23 and A New Soviet Variety,
all by J. Schneider; The Stamps of the Graf Zeppelin Polar Flight &
Early Postal Routes in the Russian North, both by F. L8hrich; a note
on Early Maximum Cards; Moscow 1980 & Soviet Postal Stationery, both
by P. Haubner; a study of various early postcards, by V. Marcilger
and finishing off with members' adlets.

SNo. 31 for February 1983 has 28 pages, plus an index, to cover Society
notes; details on the Bilateral FRG-USSR Show in Tbilisi 19-26 May'83;
The History of Tuvan Stamps, by S.M.Blekhman; Members' comments on a
Soviet Variety; Literature Notes; The So-Called Kerenskii Stamps, Prof.

Richard Sarrinsch & Forgeries of the Lenin Mourning Stamps, all by
J. Schneider; Propanganda Forgeries of the Currency Stamps, by W.
Frauenlob; Evaluating Russia 1857-1918 on Mail, by W.Herrmann;
Postage Dues in Russian Finland, by R.Hillesum; Olympic Postal
Stationery by E.Scheuermann and, finally, members' adlets.
Thus, a lot of information is to be found in these two issues

e- ^,^ AP compiled by G.M.Listov.A 112-page
i paperback,issued by the "Radio i
?Svyaz'" Publishers, Moscow, 1982,
'I in an edition of 37,000 copies.
1 Price 75 kop.

SThis is a comprehensive and

: handbook of the subject and it
- profusely illustrated catalogue-
SI-'/-I., ,,,.... includes local overprints. The
PM ,H.HY n' //. *earlier cards are especially
.... '' interesting, as they reflect the
S. T. ..... m~ ro5i- AW NEP period and are sometimes
even unintentionally comic. For
example, see the illustration above of a 5-kop. card from 1929, where
a peasant woman is abandoning herself to her grief, as the unhappy
result of keeping money at home instead of in the Savings Bank.

GEOGRAPHY OF THE SOVIET UNION), by N.I. Vladinets. A paperback of 96
pages, issued by the "Radio i Svyaz'" Publishers, Moscow,1982, in an
edition of 40,000 copies. Price 40 kop.

This work is basically a description of the main features for the
stamp issues of Imperial Russia, RSFSR & the USSR, as well as the
Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belorussian and Georgian Union Republics, the
Transcaucasian Federation, the National Soviet Republics of Bukhara
and Khorezm in Central Asia, the Gorskaya ASSR in the Northern
Caucasus, Tuva and the Far Eastern Republic and also the independent
pre-war Baltic Republics of Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania (!).

The illustrations are rather poorly done and the author gets some of
his facts garbled, but the survey is comprehensive, mentioning the
Romanov Jubilee issue, the Ukrainian National Republic of 1919 in
the Western Ukraine, Carpatho-Ukrainian liberation issues and other
facets of our field that have rarely, if ever mentioned before, in
the Soviet philatelic press. We hope that the trend continues.

STAMPS OF THE USSR 1918-1980).A paperback of 192 pages, edited by
M.I. Spivak and issued by the "Soyuzpechat'" Publishers,Moscow 1981
in an edition of 200,000 copies. Price 80 kop.

The title is self-explanatory, varieties are included and the pricing
is realistic, to say the least. One of the reasons for issuing this
work must surely be its usage as an aid in evaluating properly
collections of these issues and ensuring that valuable items are not
let out of the USSR. The book is not illustrated.

The Journal Fund

S All sales benefit the Society and orders should be
made payable to A. Cronin, Box 5722 Station-A,
Toronto, Ont., Canada M5W 1P2. All previous titles
have unfortunately been sold out.

A fascinating eye-witness account of the birth of
the Carpatho-Ukrainian Republic by a former minister.
: Published in Ukrainian, with an English summary
I and long out of print. Of great interest to the
Dr.S.Rosokha. Carpatho-Ukrainian collector. Price postpaid US$5.00

BEFORE THE REVOLUTION: Russia and its people under the Czar, by Kyril
FitzLyon & Tatiana Browning. A wonderful survey of life under the
last monarch of the Romanov Dynasty and containing many rare
photographs, including from postcards of the era. The ultimate in
nostalgia and indispensable for Imperial collectors. A few copies
available for our readers at a very special price,postpaid : US$12.50

GEORGIA, by John Barefoot & Andrew Hall. A spiral-bound book of 66
large pages, covering all phases of Georgian philately: stamps,
varieties,forgeries,fantasies,P.O.list.Special price postpaidUS$12.00

THE ARMS ISSUES OF 1902-1920, by the Rev. L.L.Tann. When we start
getting repeat orders from the original subscribers at the new price,
then we know we are on a good thing. All you needed to know about
these humble stamps, but were too humiliated to ask. Richly
illustrated with many rare items. Price postpaid: US$20.00

IDENTIFY YOUR STAMPS, by Ervin J. Felix. A 256-page hardback, with
a lot of highly useful information in many philatelic fields. Of
especial interest to people in our sphere, as the author includes
fine illustrations of Imperial Russian stamps used in the Far East
and guaranteed pre-Shtempelgate Price postpaid US $ 5.00.

NERVOUS PEOPLE AND OTHER STORIES, by Mikhail Zoshchenko. You won't
understand the United States of Soviet Russia, i.e. the USSR unless
you read this 452-page paperback in the Vintage Russian Library
series by one of the world's great writers.Price postpaid US $ 2.50.

State University. A 192-page paperback, containing basic Russian
grammar, many phrases and sentences for home study. An ideal manual
for"us monolingual slobs", as one of our readers bluntly it. Great
value for the money. Price postpaid US $ 2.50.



Are you still missing that elusive item in your
collection or philatelic library; do you have some S .
duplicate material that you would like to trade or /
sell ? We can publicise your want-list and/or your ,
duplicates for the most reasonable rate of 25 / line .--
(minimum of $1.00 payment; maximum insertion of 16 '
lines), excluding name and address. Unless otherwise
stated, all the catalogue numbers quoted are from Scott.
Ads from collectors only will be accepted. Dealers are
invited to respond.
NOTE: The Society disclaims all responsibility for any
misunderstandings that may result between exchanging parties.

FOR a critical study of the life and work of the Russian-American
painter Pavel Tchelitchew (1898-1957), I would appreciate hearing
from anyone with reminiscences, letters, paintings or other
BENJAMIN IVRY,Everson Museum of Art,401 Harrison St.,Syracuse,N.Y.13202.

FOR a biography of the Soviet writer,journalist & political figure
Il'ya Ehrenburg (1891-1967),I would appreciate hearing from anyone
who met or dealt with him in Western Europe,the USSR or the USA. I
am especially interested in documents relating to his life,including
copies of letters, speeches or little-known publications.
JOSHUA RUBENSTEIN,12 Parker St.,Cambridge,Massachusetts,USA,02138.

FOR SALE:Original copies of several Russian Railway Bonds.Interesting
& suitable for display or framing. Different railways 1889 to 1911.
Sizes about 11x14 inches. Some have coupons attached. Asking price is
$14.00 each, mailed by registered post.
P.J. CAMPBELL, 17091 Maher Blvd., Pierrefonds, P.Q., Canada H9J 1H7.

WANTED:Topical (Radio Amateur) collector needs Russian FDCs to
complete stamp/FDC collection, i.e. Scott 4733= 4k. issued 23.2.79
for launch of RS-1 & RS-2 Amateur Radio Satellites; Scott 4084 = 4k.
issued 20.5.73 honouring Ernst Krenkel, explorer & amateur radio
operator. Will reimburse your postage.
BILL KELLY, RD No.4, Box 29, Rome, N.Y., USA, 13440.

WANTED: English editions of "The Russian Philatelist"to complete
my files.
PETER W.BARANOW, P.O.Box 273, North Bay, Ont., Canada PlB 8H2.

A FEW original copies of "The Russian Philatelist" still available:-
In Russian: Nos. 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11.
In English: Nos. 5, 10, 11.
Nos. 5 & 7 US$4.00 each; Nos. 8 to 11 US$4.50 each.
MRS C. ROSSELEVITCH, 34 Henry Drive, Glen Cove, N.Y., USA, 11524.


University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs