Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Half Title
 Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations
 Down the rabbit-hole
 The pool of tears
 A caucus-race and a long tale
 The rabbit sends in a little...
 Advice from a caterpillar
 Pig and pepper
 A mad tea-party
 The queen's croquet ground
 The mock turtle's story
 The lobster quadrille
 Who stole the tarts?
 Alice's evidence
 Back Cover

Title: Alice's adventures in Wonderland
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076725/00001
 Material Information
Title: Alice's adventures in Wonderland
Alternate Title: Alice in Wonderland
Physical Description: 179 p., 8 leaves of plates : ill. (some ill.) ; 21 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Carroll, Lewis, 1832-1898
Robinson, Charles ( Illustrator )
Cassell & Company ( Publisher )
Publisher: Cassell
Place of Publication: London ;
New York
Publication Date: [1907?]
Subject: Fantasy literature -- 1907   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1907
Genre: Fantasy literature   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Statement of Responsibility: by Lewis Carroll ; with eight coloured plates and one hundred and twelve other illustrations by Charles Robinson.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076725
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002244959
notis - ALJ5954
oclc - 12624285

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
    Half Title
        Half Title
        Introduction 1
        Introduction 2
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents 1
        Table of Contents 2
    List of Illustrations
        List of Illustrations 1
        List of Illustrations 2
    Down the rabbit-hole
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    The pool of tears
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
    A caucus-race and a long tale
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
    The rabbit sends in a little bill
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
    Advice from a caterpillar
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 68a
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 73
    Pig and pepper
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 80a
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
    A mad tea-party
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 94a
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 105
        Page 106
    The queen's croquet ground
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 122a
        Page 123
    The mock turtle's story
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 134a
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
    The lobster quadrille
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
    Who stole the tarts?
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 165
    Alice's evidence
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 174a
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 179
        Page 180
    Back Cover
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
Full Text

Alice's Adventures

in Wonderland


N:" 17 -*


London, New York. Toronto and Melbourne

#1sf O* i Wmne ROuAlS

'bA ice7f-
J-L L (ff
oLdve rej

V in
on& an

By the kind permission of Messrs. Macmillan Co., Ltd.,
the latest revised text has been used in this edition.

lLL in the golden afternoon,

o Our wanderings to guide..
SFull Beneath such dreamy weather, lide;
o Feg a t oe r breath too wears, with
liTo s tir th e tiniest feather skill,
t what can one poor voice arms are pied,

S |Against three tongues together ?i
.0. Imperious Prima flashes forth

Her edict "to begin it "-
In gentler tone Secunda hopes
S "There will be nonsense in it,"
Whilehile little hands make e ta
Not ore than once a min pretence

Anon, to sudden silence won,

f The dream-child moving through a land Oo
o Our wonders w id and new.
Ah, cruel Three I In such an hour, ..0

In frieneath sucha t with bird or beast-her,
To be And hale of belev it too weak
** To stir the tiniest feather I '"
Yet what can one poor voice avail
Against three tongues together

Imperious Prima flashes forth
Her edict "to begin it "-
In gentler tone Secunda hopes
"There will be nonsense in it,"
While Tertia interrupts the tale
Not more than once a minute.

Anon, to sudden silence won,
In fancy they pursue 0o
0c The dream-child moving through a land 0
Of wonders wild and new,
In friendiV chat with bird or beast--
And half believe it true.

And ever, as the story drained
The wells of fancy dry,
And faintly strove that weary one
To put the subject by,
"The rest next time-" "It is next time I"
The happy voices cry.

Thus grew the tale of Wonderland:
Thus slowly, one by one,
Its quaint events were hammered out-
And now the tale is done,
And home we steer, a merry crew,
Beneath the setting sun.

Alice I a childish story take,
And with a gentle hand
Lay it where Childhood's dreams are twined
In Memory's mystic band,
Like pilgrim's withered wreath of flowers
Pluck'd in a far-off land.

S -di

C onrCn r

Down the Rabbit-hole 1
Pool of Tears 15
A Caucus-race and a Long Tale 33
The Rabbit sends in a Little Bill 43
Advice from a Caterpillar 59
Pig and Pepper.. 74
A Mad Tea-party 91


The Queen's Croquet Ground

The Mock Turtle's Story

The Lobster Quadrille

Who Stole the Tarts ?

Alice's Evidence

. 107



. 153

. 166

., kmlm

The Rabbit took a Watch
out .
She took down a jar .
" Please, Ma'am, is this
New Zealand?" .
The fall was over. .
The loveliest garden you
ever saw .
Alice ventured to taste it .
She tried her best to climb
up one of the legs.
The poor little thing sat
down and cried
It was as much as she
could do .
There was a large pool
It was the White Rabbit
The Rabbit started vio-
lently .
"And welcomes little fishes
in" .
She dropped it hastily
She was up to her chin
"O Mouse, do you know
the way out?"
The Mouse gave a sudden
leap .


The Mouse was swimming
away from her 29
Alice led the way. 81
She had quite a long argu-
ment. .84
They all sat down 36, 37
"I beg your pardon" 40
A neat little house 43
She ran off at once 44
The White Rabbit's house. 45
It was very uncomfortable. 46
" Digging for apples" 48
She suddenly spread out
her hand. 49
" Sure, it's an arm .51
"There goes Bill" 62
"What happened to you?" 58
Bill was in the middle. 54
She ran off as hard as she
could 5a
An enormous puppy 58
Quietly smoking 58
"It isn't," said the Cater-
pillar 60
Alice folded her hands 61
'And yet you incessantly
stand on your head 68



"You turned a back-somer-
sault" 63
"You balanced an eel 64
It is a very good height" 65
She stretched her arms
round it 6
She was shrinking rapidly 67
All she could see 68
Her neck kept getting en-
tangled 71
Suddenly a footman in
livery came 74
"For the Duchess" 75
"From the Queen" 76
I shall sit here" 77
The Duchess 78
The cook at once set
to work 80
The baby 81
She carried it out 83
She felt quite relieved 85
Sitting on a bough 87
" Did you say pig, or fig ?" 89
It vanished quite slowly 90
The March Hare's house .91
The other two were using
it as a cushion 93
"The Dormouse is asleep" 95
"It goes on, you know" 97
"They lived on treacle" 99
"Learning to draw 101
And in she went 103
All of them bowed low 108

First came ten soldiers 110
After these came the royal
children 111
Next came the guests.' 112
Then followed the Knave of
Hearts 11
And last of all this grand
procession 114
It would twist itself 116
She noticed a curious ap-
pearance 117
"There's the arch" 119
It's the Cheshire Cat" 121
"You dear old thing I" 125
"And the moral of that
is-- 121
"A fine day, your Majestyl" 128
"Now, I give you fair
warning". 129
All the players 131
"What fun 133
Sitting sad and lonely. 135
They began solemnlydancing 141
The Mock Turtle sang 142
"When they take us up" 143
Said a Whiting to a Snail 145
"I can tell you more" 147
She had sat down 150
" Come on," cried the
Gryphon 152
Near the King was the
White Rabbit 153
The Knave was standing 154



ALICE was beginning to get very tired of sitting
by her sister on the bank, and of having
nothing to do: once or twice she had
peeped into the book her sister was
reading, but it had no pictures or conversations in it,
"and what is the use of a book," thought Alice, "with-
out pictures or conversations ? "
So she was considering in her own mind (as well as
she could, for the hot day made her feel very sleepy and
stupid) whether the pleasure of making a daisy-chain


would be worth the trouble of getting up and picking
the daisies, when suddenly a White Rabbit with pink
eyes ran close by her.
There was nothing so very remarkable in that; nor
did Alice think it so very
much out of the way to
hear the Rabbit say to
itself, "Oh dear! Oh < (
dear! I shall be too
late !" (when she thought
it over afterwards, it
occurred to her that she
ought to have wondered
at this, but at the time it
all seemed quite natural);
but when the Rabbit
actually took a watch out
of its waistcoat-pocket, and
looked at it, and then a s
hurried on, Alice started wai
to her feet, for it flashed -' fA
across her mind that she -.....
had never before seen a
rabbit with either a waistcoat pocket, or a watch to
take out of it and, burning with curiosity, she ran across
the field after it, and was just in time to see it pop
down a large rabbit-hole under the hedge.
In another moment down went Alice after it, never


once considering how in the world she was to get out
The rabbit-hole went straight on like a tunnel for
some way, and then dipped suddenly down, so suddenly
that Alice had not a moment to think about stopping
herself before she found herself falling down what seemed
to be a very deep well.
Either the well was very deep, or she fell very slowly,
for she had plenty of time as she went down to look
about her, and to wonder what was going to happen next.
First, she tried to- look down and make out what she
was coming to, but it was too dark to see anything;
then she looked at the sides of the well, and noticed that
they were filled with cupboards and book-shelves: here
and there she saw maps and pictures hung upon pegs.
She took down a jar from one of the shelves as she passed;
it was labelled "ORANGE MARMALADE," but to
her great disappointment it was empty: she did not
like to drop the jar for fear of killing somebody under-
neath, so managed to put it into one of the cupboards
as she fell past it.
"Well!" thought Alice to herself, "after such a fall
as this, I shall think nothing of tumbling down stairs!
How brave they'll all think me at home! Why, I wouldn't
say anything about it, even if I fell off the top of the
house (Which was very likely true.)
Down, down, down. Would the fall never come to
an end ? "I wonder how many miles I've fallen by this


She took down a far from one of thM
sheles -as she passed

time ? she said
aloud. "I must
be getting some-
where near the
centre of the
earth. Let me
see: that would
be four thousand
miles down, I
think-" (for,
you see, Alice
had learnt
several things of
this sort in her
lessons in the
schoolroom, and
though this was
not a very good
opportunity for
showing off her
knowledge, as
thero was no
one to listen to
her, still it was
good practice to
say it over)
"--yes, that's
about the right


distance-but then I wonder what Latitude or Longitude
I've got to ? (Alice had no idea what Latitude was,
or Longitude either, but thought they were nice grand
words to say.)
Presently she began again. "I wonder if I shall
fall right through the earth! How funny it'll seem to
come out among the people that walk with their heads
downwards! The Antipathies, I think-" (she was
rather glad there was no one listening this time, as it
didn't sound at all the right word) "-but I shall have to
ask them what the name of
the country is, you know.
Please, Ma'am, is this New
Zealand or Australia?" (and
she tried to curtsey as she
spoke fancy curtseying as
you're falling through
the air! Do you
think you could -
manage it?) "And
what an ignorant C
little girl she'll f
think me! No, it'll
never do to ask:
perhaps I shall Mm,
** Please, Ma'am,
see it written is this
up some- S New Zealand
where." or Australia?"


Down, down, down. There was nothing else to do,
so Alice soon began talking again. "Dinah'll miss me
very much to-night, I should think!" (Dinah was the
cat.) I hope they'll remember her saucer of milk at tea-
time. Dinah, my dear, I wish you were down here with
me! There are no mice in the air, I'm-afraid, but you might
catch a bat, and that's very like a mouse, you know.
But do cats eat bats, I wonder ? And here Alice began
to get rather sleepy, and went on saying to herself, in a
dreamy sort of way, "Do cats eat bats ? Do cats eat
bats?" and sometimes,," Do bats eat cats?" for, you
see, as she couldn't answer either question, it didn't
much matter which way she put it. She felt that she
was dozing off, and had just begun to dream that she
was walking hand in hand with Dinah, and saying to
her very earnestly, "Now, Dinah, tell me the truth:
did you ever eat a bat ? when suddenly, thump, thump !
down she came upon a heap of sticks and dry leaves, and
the fall was over.
Alice was not a bit hurt, and she jumped up on to
her feet in a moment: she looked up, but it was all dark
overhead; before her was another long passage, and the
White Rabbit was still in sight, hurrying down it. There
was not a moment to be lost: away went Alice like the
wind, and was just in time to hear it say, as it turned a
corner, Oh my ears and whiskers, how late it is getting "
She was close behind it when she turned the comer, but
the Rabbit was no longer to be seen: she found herself
A,, 6


in a long, low hall, which
was lit up by a row of
lamps hanging from the
There were doors all
round the hall, but they
were all locked; and when
Alice had been all the way
down one side and up the
other, trying every door,
she walked sadly down the
middle, wondering how she
was ever to get out again.
Suddenly she came upon
a little three-legged table,
all made of solid glass;
there was nothing on it
but a tiny golden key, and
Alice's first idea was that
this might.
no fall Was .belong to
one of the doors of the hall; but, alas !
either the locks were too large, or the a
key was to6 small, but at any rate it
would not open any of them. However,
on the second time round, she came
upon a low curtain she had not noticed before, and
behind it was a little door about fifteen inches high: she


tried the little golden key in the lock, and to her great
delight it fitted!
Alice opened the door and found that it led into a
small passage, not much larger than a rat-hole: she knelt
down and looked along the passage into the loveliest garden
you ever 'saw. How she longed to get out of that dark
hall, and wander about among those beds of bright
flowers and those cool fountains, but she could not even
get her head through the doorway; and even if my head
would go through," thought poor Alice, "it would be
of very little use without my shoulders. Oh, how I wish
I could shut up like a telescope I think I could, if I
only knew how to begin." For, you see, so many out-
of-the-way things had happened lately, that Alice had
begun to think that very few things indeed were really
There seemed to be no use in waiting by the little door,
so she went back to the table, half hoping she
might find another key on it, or at any rate a
book of rules for shutting people up like tele-
scopes: this time she found a little bottle on
it, (" which certainly was not here before," said
Alice,) and tied round the neck of the bottle
was a paper label, with the words "DRINK ME"
beautifully printed on it in large letters.
It was all very well to say "Drink me," but the wise
little Alice was not going to do that in a hurry. No,
I'll look first," she said, "and see whether it's marked


'poison' or not;" for she had read several nice little
stories about children who had got burnt, and eaten up
by wild beasts, and other unpleasant
things, all because they would not re-
member the simple rules their friends
had taught them: such as, that a red-
hot poker will burn you if you hold it
too long; and that, if you out your
finger very deeply with a knife, it
usually bleeds; and she had never
forgotten that, if you drink much
from a bottle marked "poison," it is
almost certain to disagree with you,
sooner or later.
SHowever, this bottle was not
marked "poison," so Alice ventured ve
Ahee venturd
to taste it, and finding it very nice to taste it.
(it had, in fact, a sort of mixed flavour
of cherry-tart, custard, pine-apple, roast turkey, toffee,
and hot buttered toast,) she very soon finished it off.

What a curious feeling!" said Alice. "I must
be shutting up like a telescope."
And so it was indeed: she was now only ten inches
high, and her face brightened up at the thought that
she was now the right size for going through the little


door into that lovely garden. First, however, she waited
for a few minutes to see if she was going to shrink any
further: she felt a little nervous about this; "for it
might end, you know," said Alice to herself, "in my
going out altogether, like a candle. I wonder what I
should be like then ? And she tried to fancy what
the flame of a candle looks like after the candle is
blown out, for she could not remember ever having seen
such a thing.
After a while, find-
ing that nothing more
happened, she decided
on going into the
garden at once; but,
alas for poor Alice!
when she got to the
door, she found that
she had forgotten the
little golden key, and
when she went back
to the table for it,
she found she could
not possibly reach it:
She tried her best to cmb up she could see it quite
one 4 the legs o7 the table. plainly through the
glass, and she tried
her best to climb up one of the legs of the table,
but it was too slippery; and when she had tired herself


out with trying, the poor little thing sat down and
"Come, there's no use in crying like that!" said
Alice to herself, rather
sharply; "I advise you to
leave off this minute!"
She generally gave herself
very good advice (though
she very seldom followed
it), and sometimes she
scolded herself so severely
as to bring tears into her
eyes; and once she remem-
bered trying to box her
The poor little thing own ears for having
sat down and cried. own ears for avi
cheated herself in a game
of croquet she was playing against herself, for this curious
child was very fond of pretending to be two people.
But it's no use now," thought poor Alice, to pretend
to be two people! Why, there's hardly enough of me
left to make one respectable person! "
Soon her eye fell on a little glass box that was lying
under the table: she opened it, and found
in it a very small cake, on which the
words "EAT ME were beautifully
marked in currants. "Well, I'll eat it,"
said Alice, "and if it makes me
grow larger, I can reach the key;


and if it makes me grow smaller, I can creep under the
door; so either way I'll get into the garden, and I don't
care which happens !"
She ate a little bit, and said anxiously to herself,
"Which way? Which way ?" holding her hand on
the top of her head to feel which way it was growing, and
she was quite surprised to find that she remained the
same size; to be sure, this is what generally happens
when one eats cake, but Alice had got so much into the
way of expecting nothing but out-of-the-way things
to happen, that it seemed quite dull and stupid for life
to go on in the common way.
So she set to work, and very soon finished off the



URIOUSER and curiouser!"
Cried Alice (she was so much
surprised, that for the
moment she quite forgot how
to speak good English); "now I'm open-
ing out like the largest telescope that
ever was! Good-bye, feet! (for when
she looked down at her feet, they seemed
to be almost out of sight, they were getting
so far off). Oh, my poor little feet, I
wonder who will put on your shoes and stock-
ings for you now, dears ? I'm sure I sha'n't
be able! I shall be a great deal too far off
to trouble myself about you: you must
manage the best way you can-but I must be kind
to them," thought Alice, "or perhaps they won't walk
the way I want to go! Let me see: I'll give them a
new pair of boots every Christmas."
And she went on planning to herself how she would
manage it. They must go by the carrier," she thought;


"and how funny it'll seem, sending presents to one's own
feet! And how odd the directions will look!
Alice's Right Foot, Esq.,
o Hearthrug,
I tt near the Fender,
(with Alice's love).
Oh dear, what nonsense I'm talking "
t Just then her head struck against
the roof of the hall: in fact she was now
rather more than nine feet high, and she at once took
up the little golden key and hurried off to the garden door.
Poor Alice! It was as much as she could do, lying
down on one side, to look through into the garden with
one eye; but to get through was more hopeless than
ever: she sat down and began to cry again.
"You ought to be ashamed of yourself," said Alice,
"a great girl like you," (she might well say this), "to
go on crying in this way! Stop this moment, I tell
you!" But she went on all the same, shedding gallons
of tears, until there was a large pool all around her,
about four inches deep and reaching half down the
After a time she
heard a little patter-
ing of feet in
the distance,
and she hastily It was as much as she could
dried her eyes do .. to look through.


to see what was coming. It was the White Rabbit re-
turning, splendidly dressed, with a pair of white kid gloves
in one hand, and a large fan in the other: he came trot-
ting along in a great hurry, muttering to himself as he
came, "Oh! the
Duchess, the Duchess !
Oh won't she be
savage if I've kept her
waiting !" Alice felt
so desperate that she
was ready to ask help
of anyone; so, when
the Rabbit came near
her, she began, in a
low, timid voice, "If
you please, sir--"
The Rabbit started
violently, dropped the
white kid gloves and
the fan, and skurried
It was the White Rabbt returnire
away into the darkness splenddy dressed.
as hard as he could go.
Alice took up the fan and gloves, and, as the hall was
very hot, she kept fanning herself all the time she went on
talking: Dear, dear How queer everything is to-day !
And yesterday things went on just as usual. I wonder if
I've been changed in the night ? Let me think: was I
the same when I got up this morning ? I almost think I


can remember feeling a little different. But if I'm not the
same, the next question is, Who in the world am I ? Ah,
that's the great puzzle!" And she began thinking
over all the children she knew that were of the same age
as herself, to see if she could have been changed for any
of them.
"I'm sure I'm not Ada," she
said, "for her hair goes in such
long ringlets, and mine doesn't go
in ringlets at all; and I'm sure I
can't be Mabel, for I know all
sorts of things, and she, oh! she
knows such a very little Besides,
\i\ she's she, and I'm I, and-oh
dear, how puzzling it all is! I'll
try if I know all the things I used
to know. Let me see: four times
five is twelve, and four times six
is thirteen, and four times seven is
-oh dear! I shall never get to
twenty at that rate! However,
the Multiplication Table doesn't
signify : let's try Geography.
7Te Rabbit started London is the capital of Paris, and
vtolntly. Paris is the capital of Rome, and
Rome-no, that's all wrong, I'm certain! I must
have been changed for Mabel! I'll try and say
'How doth the little-' and she crossed her hands on


her lap as if she were saying lessons, and began to
repeat it, but her voice sounded hoarse and strange, and
the words did not come the same as they used to do.-

"How doth the little crocodile
Improve his shining tail,
And pour the waters of the Nile
On every golden scale I

"And welcomes title fishes in,
With gently smiling faws I"
"How cheerfully he seems to grin,
How neatly spread his daws,
And welcomes little fishes in,
With gently smiling jaws !"

"I'm sure those are not the right words," said poor
Alice, and her eyes filled with tears again as she went on.
"I must be Mabel after all, and I shall have to go and
live in that poky little house, and have next to no toys to


play with, and oh ever so many lessons to learn No,
I've made up my mind about it; if I'm Mabel, I'll stay
down here! It'll be no use their putting their heads down
and saying 'Come up again, dear!' I shall only look
up and say 'Who am I then ? Tell me that first, and
then, if I like being that person, I'll come up: if not,
I'll stay down here till I'm somebody else'-but, oh
dear! cried Alice, with a sudden burst of tears, "I do
wish they would put their heads down! I am so very
tired of being all alone here "
As she said this she looked down at her hands, and
was surprised to see that she had put on one of the Rabbit's
little white kid gloves while she was talking. How can
I have done that?" she thought.
"I must be growing small again."
She got up and went to the table
to measure herself by it, and found
that, as nearly as she could guess,
she was now about two feet high,
and was going on shrinking rapidly:
she soon found out that the cause
of this was
the fan she
was holding,
She dropped f hast. a n d h e
dropped it
hastily, just in time to avoid shrinking away


"That was a narrow escape said Alice, a good deal
frightened at the sudden change, but very glad to find
herself still in existence; "and now for the garden!"
and she ran with all speed back to the little door: but

She was up to her chin
in salt aater.

alas the little door was shut again, and the little golden
key was lying on the glass table as before, "and things
are worse than ever," thought the poor child, for I never
was so small as this before, never! And I declare it's
too bad, that it is! "


As she said these words her foot slipped, and in another
moment, splash! she was up to her chin in salt water.
Her first idea was that she had somehow fallen into the
sea, "and in that case I can go back by railway," she
said to herself. (Alice had been to the seaside once in
her life, and had come to the general conclusion, that
wherever you go to on the English coast you find a number
of bathing machines in the sea, some children digging in the
sand with wooden spades, then a row of lodging houses,
and behind them a railway station.) However, she soon
made out that she was in the pool of tears which she had
wept when she was nine feet high.
"I wish I hadn't cried so much! said Alice, as she
swam about, trying to find her way out. "I shall be
punished for it now, I suppose, by being drowned in
my own tears! That will be a queer thing, to be sure!
However, everything is queer to-day."
Just then she heard something splashing about in
the pool a little way off, and she swam nearer to make out
what it was: at first she thought it must be a walrus
or a hippopotamus, but then she remembered how small
she was now, and she soon made out that it was only
a mouse that had slipped in like herself.
"Would it be of any use now," thought Alice, "to
speak to this mouse ? Everything is so out-of-the-way
down here, that I should think very likely it can talk
at any rate, there's no harm in trying." So she began
"0 Mouse, do you know the way out of this pool ? I


am very tired of swimming about here, 0 Mouse!"
(Alice thought this must be the right way of speaking to
a mouse: she had never done such a thing before, but

" 0 Mouse, do you know the
way out of this pool?"

she remembered having seen in her brother's Latin
Grammar, "A mouse-of a mouse-to a mouse-a
mouse-0 mouse !") The Mouse looked at her rather



inquisitively, and seemed to her to wink with one of its
little eyes, but it said nothing.
"Perhaps it doesn't understand English," thought
Alice; "I daresay it's a French mouse, come over with
William the Conqueror." (For, with all her knowledge of
history, Alice had no very clear notion how long ago
anything had happened.) So she began again: Oh est
ma chatte ? which was the first sentence in her French
lesson-book. The Mouse gave a sudden leap out of the
water, and seemed to quiver all over with
fright. "Oh, I beg your pardon! cried Alice
hastily, afraid that she had hurt the poor
animal's feelings. "I quite forgot you didn't
like cats."
Not like cats!" cried the Mouse, in a shrill,
passionate voice. Would you like cats if you were me ? "
"Well, perhaps not," said Alice in a soothing tone:
"don't be angry about it. And yet I wish I could show
you our cat Dinah: I think you'd take a fancy to cats
if you could only see her. She is such a dear quiet thing,"
Alice went on, half to herself, as she swam lazily about in
the pool, "and she sits purring so nicely by the fire,
licking her paws and washing her face-and she is such
a nice soft thing to nurse-and she's such a capital one
for catching mice--oh, I beg your pardon!" cried
Alice again, for this time the Mouse was bristling all over,
and she felt certain it must be really offended. "We
won't talk about her any more if you'd rather not."

SY-Ir rvn
em, R&I



"We, indeed!" cried the Mouse, who was trembling
down to the end of his tail. As if I would talk on such
a subject! Our family always hated
cats: nasty, low, vulgar things Don't
let me hear the name again "
"I won't indeed!" said Alice, in a
great hurry to change the subject of conversation.
"Are you-are you fond-of-of dogs ? The
Mouse did not answer, so Alice went on eagerly:
"There is such a nice little dog near our
house I should like to show you! A
little bright-eyed terrier, you know,
with oh! such long curly brown
The Mouse was
hair And it'll fetch things swimming away from
when you throw them, her as hard as it could go.
and it'll sit up and
beg for its din- ner, and all sorts of
things I can't remember half of
/ them and it belongs to a
farmer, you know, and he says
it's so useful, it's worth a hundred
pounds! He says it kills all the
rats and-oh dear!" cried Alice in a
sorrowful tone, "I'm afraid I've offended
it again!" For the Mouse was swim-
ming away from her as hard as it could
go, and making quite a commotion in the pool
as it went.


So she called softly after it, "Mouse dear! Do
come back again, and we won't talk about cats or dogs
either, if you don't like them I When the Mouse heard
this, it turned round and swam slowly back to her: its
face was quite pale (with passion, Alice thought), and it
said in a low trembling voice, Let us get to the shore, and
then I'll tell you my history, and you'll understand why
it is I hate cats and dogs."
It was high time to go, for the pool was getting quite
crowded with the birds and animals that had fallen into
it: there were a Duck and a Dodo, a Lory and an Eaglet,
and several other curious creatures. Alice led the way,
and the whole party swam to the shore.


r j j am wi Mu w Wf
IM mled IIKo way anW ft wh1ic varry swam to meir

rfm Rm


' Edwin and Morcar, the earls of Mercia and Northumbria,
declared for him: and even Stigand, the patriotic arch-
bishop of Canterbury, found it advisable- "
"Found what ? said the Duck.
Found it," the Mouse replied rather crossly : "of
course you know what 'it' means."
"I know what 'it means well enough, when 1 find
a thing," said the Duck; "it's generally a frog or a
worm. The question is, what did the archbishop
find? "
The Mouse did not notice this question, but hurriedly
went on, "' -found it advisable to go with Edgar
Atheling to meet William and offer him the crown.
William's conduct at first was moderate. But the insolence
of his Normans---' How are you getting on now, my
dear ?" it continued, turning to Alice as it spoke.
"As wet as ever," said Alice in a melancholy tone:
"it doesn't seem to dry me at all."
"In that case," said the Dodo solemnly, -rising to its
feet, I move that the meeting adjourn, for the immediate
adoption of more energetic remedies-"
"Speak English !" said the Eaglet. "I
don't know the meaning of half those long
words, and what's more, I don't believe you
do either! And the Eaglet bent down its
head to hide a smile: some of the other
birds tittered audibly.
"What I was going to say," said the


Dodo in an offended tone, was, that the best thing to
get us dry would be a Caucus-race."
What is a Caucus-race ? said Alice; not that she
much wanted to know, but the Dodo had paused as if it
thought that somebody ought to speak, and no one else
seemed inclined to say anything.
"Why," said the Dodo, "the best way to explain it
is to do it." (And, as you might like to try the thing

They all sat down at once,
in a large ring.

o yourself some winter day,
I will tell you how the
Dodo managed it.)
First it marked out a
race-course, in a sort of circle, ("the exact shape
doesn't matter," it said,) and then all the party were
placed along the course, here and there. There was
no "One, two, three, and away," but they began
running when they liked, and left off when they
liked, so that it was not easy to know when the
race was over. However, when they had been running


half an hour or so, and were quite dry again, the
Dodo suddenly called out The race is over and
they all crowded round it, panting, and asking "But
who has won? "
This question the Dodo could not answer without
a great deal of thought, and it stood for a long

time with one finger
pressed upon its forehead (the
position in which you usually see Shake-
speare, in the pictures of him), while the rest waited
in silence. At last the Dodo said Everybody has won,
and all must have prizes."
"But who is to give the prizes ?" quite a chorus of
voices asked.
Why, she, of course," said the Dodo, pointing to
Alice with one finger; and the whole party at once
crowded round her, calling out in a confused way,
"Prizes! Prizes!"
Alice had no idea what to do, and in despair she put
her hand in her pocket, and pulled out a box of comfits
(luckily the salt water had not got into it), and handed
them round as prizes. There was exactly one a-piece all


"But she must have a prize herself, you know," said
the Mouse.
"Of course," the Dodo replied very gravely.
What else have you got in your pocket ? it went
on, turning to Alice.
Only a thimble," said Alice sadly.
"Hand it over here," said the Dodo.
Then they all crowded round her once more, while
the Dodo solemnly presented the thimble, saying
"We beg your acceptance of this elegant thimble;"
and, when it had finished this short speech, they all
Alice thought the whole thing very absurd, but they
all looked so grave that she did not dare to laugh: and,
as she could not think of anything to say, she simply
bowed, and took the thimble, looking as solemn as she
The next thing was to eat the comfits; this
caused some noise and confusion, as 'the large birds
complained that they could not taste theirs, and the
small ones choked and had to be patted on the back.
However, it was over at last, and they sat down again
in a ring, and begged the Mouse to tell them some-
thing more.
You promised to tell me your history, you know,"
said Alice, "and why it is you hate-C and D," she
added in a whisper, half afraid that it would be offended


"Mine is a long and sad tale!" said the Mouse,
turning to Alice and sighing.
It is a long tail, certainly," said Alice, looking down
with wonder at the Mouse's tail; but why do you call
it sad ? And she kept on puzzling about it while the
Mouse was speaking, so that her idea of the tale was
something like this:-" Fury said to
a mouse, That
he met in the
house, Let us
both go to
law: I will
I'l take no
denial: We
must have the
trial; For
really this
morning I've
nothing to do.
Said tLhe
mouse to
the cur,
'Such a
trial, dear
air, With
no jury
or judge,
be wast-
ing our
Ill be



You are not attending!" said the Mouse to Alice
severely. What are you thinking of ? "
I beg your pardon," said Alice very humbly: you
had got to the fifth bend, I think ? "
"I had not!" cried the Mouse, angrily.
"A knot! said Alice, always ready to make herself
useful, and looking anxiously about her. Oh, do let me
help to undo it!"
"I shall do nothing of the sort," said the Mouse,
getting up and walking away. You insult me by talking
such nonsense! "'
I didn't mean it! pleaded poor Alice. But you're
so easily offended, you know !"
The Mouse only growled in reply.


"Please come back and finish your story!" Alice
called after it. And the others all joined in chorus, "Yes,
please do!" but the Mouse only shook its head impa-
tiently and walked a little quicker.
What a pity it wouldn't stay! sighed the Lory, as
soon as it was quite out of sight; and an old Crab took
the opportunity of saying to her daughter Ah, my dear !
Let this be a lesson to you never to lose your temper! "
"Hold your tongue, Ma! said the young Crab, a little
snappishly. "You're enough to try the patience of an
oyster !"
"I wish I had our Dinah here, I know I do!" said
Alice aloud, addressing nobody in particular. "She'd
soon fetch it back!"
"And who is Dinah, if I might venture to ask the
question ?" said the Lory.
Alice replied eagerly, for she was always ready to talk
about her pet: "Dinah's our cat. And she's such a
capital one for catching mice, you can't think And oh,
I wish you could see her after the birds Why, she'll eat
a little bird as soon as look at it! "
This speech caused a remarkable sensation among
the party. Some of the birds hurried off at once; one
old Magpie began wrapping itself up very carefully,
remarking I really must be getting home; the night-
air doesn't suit my throat! and a Canary called out
in a trembling voice to its children "Come away,
my dears! It's high time you were all in bed!" On


various pretexts they all moved off, and Alice was soon
left alone.
I wish I hadn't mentioned Dinah! she said to her-
self in a melancholy tone. "Nobody seems to like her,
down here, and I'm sure she's the best cat in the world!
Oh, my dear Dinah! I wonder if I shall ever see you any
more !" And here poor Alice began to cry again, for she
felt very lonely and low-spirited. In a little while, how-
ever, she again heard a little pattering of footsteps in the
distance, and she looked up eagerly, half hoping that the
Mouse had changed his mind, and was coming back to
finish his story.

SA neat little house, on the
M TO door of which was a bright
brass plate with the name
W. RABBIT" engraved
upon it.



T was the White Rabbit, trotting slowly back again,
and looking anxiously about as it went, as if it had
lost something; and she. heard it muttering to
itself, "The Duchess The Duchess Oh my dear
paws! Oh my fur and whiskers! She'll get me executed,
as sure as ferrets are ferrets Where can/I have dropped
them, I wonder ?" Alice guessed in a moment that it
was looking for the fan and the pair of white kid gloves,
and she very good-naturedly began hunting about for
them, but they were nowhere to be seen-everything
seemed to have changed since her swim in the pool, and
the great hall, with the glass table and the little door,
had vanished completely.


Very soon the Rabbit noticed Alice, as she went
hunting about, and called out to her in an angry tone:
" Why, Mary Ann, what are you doing out here ? Run
home this moment, and fetch me a pair of gloves and a fan!
Quick now! And Alice was so much frightened that
she ran off at once in the direction it pointed to, with-
out trying to explain the mistake it had made.
He took me for his housemaid," she said to herself as
she ran. How surprised he'll be when he finds out who I
am! But I'd better take him his fan and gloves-that is,
if I can find them." As she said this, she came upon a
neat little house, on the door of which was a bright brass
plate with the name W. RABBIT" engraved upon it.
She went in without knocking, and hurried up stairs, in great
fear lest she should meet the real Mary Ann, and be turned
out of the house before she had
found the fan and gloves.
"How queer it seems," Alice
said to herself, "to be going
messages for a rabbit! I sup-
pose Dinah'll be sending me on
messages next!" And she began
fancying the sort of thing that
would happen: "' Miss Alice!
Come here directly, and get ready
she ran for your walk !' Coming in a
off at minute, nurse! But I've got to
Snce. watch this mouse-hole till Dinah


comes back, and see that the
mouse doesn't get out.' Only
I don't think," Alice went on,
"that they'd let Dinah stop
in the house if it began order-
ing people about like that! "
By this time she had found
her way into a tidy little room
with a table in the window,
and on it (as she had hoped) a
fan and two or three pairs of
tiny white kid gloves: she 'e White u
Rabbis House
took up the fan and a pair of
the gloves, and was just going
to leave the room, when her eye fell upon a little bottle
that stood near the looking-glass. There was no label
this time with the words "DRINK ME," but, never-
theless, she uncorked it and put it to her lips. "I
know something interesting is sure to happen," she
said to herself, whenever I eat or drink anything; so
I'll just see what this bottle does. I do hope it'll make
me grow large again, for really I'm quite tired of being
such a tiny little thing! "
It did so indeed, and much sooner than she had ex-
pected: before she had drunk half the bottle, she found her
head pressing against the ceiling, and had to stoop to save
her neck from being broken. She hastily put down the
bottle, saying to herself That's quite enough-I hope I


sha'n't grow any more-As it is I can't get out at the
door-I do wish I hadn't drunk quite so much "
Alas! it was too late to wish that! She went on
growing, and growing, and very soon had to kneel down

awa s rory

on the floor: in another minute there was not even room
for this, and she tried the effect of lying down with one
elbow against the door, and the other arm curled round
her head. Still she went on growing, and, as a last re-
source, she put one arm out of the window, and one
foot up the chimney, and said to herself "Now I can


do no more, whatever happens. What will become
of me ?"
Luckily for Alice, the little magic bottle had now had
its full effect, and she grew no larger: still it was veiy
uncomfortable, and, as there seemed to be no sort (f
chance of her ever getting out of the room again, n)
wonder she felt unhappy.
"It was much pleasanter at home," thought poo'
Alice, when one wasn't always growing larger and smaller
and being ordered about by mice and rabbits. I almost
wish I hadn't gone down that rabbit-hole-and yet"
-and yet-it's rather curious, you know, this sort of life !
I do wonder what can have happened to me! When
I used to read fairy-tales, I fancied that kind of thing
never happened, and now here I am in the middle of
one! There ought to be a book written about me,
that there ought! And when I grow up, I'll write one-
but I'm grown up'now," she added in a sorrowful tone;
"at least there's no room to grow up any more here."
"But then," thought Alice, "shall I never get any
older than I am now ? That'll be a comfort, one way-
never to be an old woman-but then-always to have
lessons to learn! Oh, I shouldn't like that! "
"Oh, you foolish Alice!" she answered herself.
"How can you learn lessons in here ? Why, there's
hardly room for you, and no room at all for any lesson-
And so she went on, taking first one side and then


the other, and making quite a con-
versation of it altogether; but after a
few minutes she heard a voice out-
side, and stopped to listen.
"Mary Ann Mary Ann said
the voice. "Fetch me my gloves this
moment! Then came a little patter-
ing of feet on the stairs. Alice knew
Sit was the Rabbit coming to look
for her, and she trembled till she
shook the house, quite forgetting
"Diggi, for apples, that she was now about a thousand
yer honour '
times as large as the Rabbit, and
had no reason to be afraid of it.
Presently the Rabbit came up to the door, and tried
to open it; but, as the door opened inwards, and Alice's
elbow was pressed hard against it, that attempt proved
a failure. Alice heard it say to itself "Then I'll go
round and get in at the window."
That you won't! thought Alice, and, after waiting
till she fancied she heard the Rabbit just under the win-
dow, she suddenly spread out her hand, and made a
snatch in the air. She did not get hold of anything, but
she heard a little shriek and a fall, and a crash of broken
glass, from which she concluded that it was just possible
it had fallen into a cucumber-frame, or something of
the sort.
Next came an angry voice-the Rabbit's-" Pat!

She suddenly s spread ouf her hand, and
made a snatch in the air

r."1711 RIM


Pat! Where are you ?" And then a
voice she had never heard before, "Sure
then I'm here! Digging for apples, yer
"Digging for apples, indeed! said
the Rabbit angrily. "Here Come and
help me out of this !" (Sounds of more
broken glass.)
Now tell me, Pat, what's that in the
window ? "
"Sure, it's an arm, yer honour "
(He pronounced it "arrum.")
"An arm, you goose! Who ever saw
one that size ? Why, it fills the whole
"Sure, it does, yer honour: but it's an

SSure, is an arm,
yer honourI"

window "
arm for all

"Well, it's got no business there, at any rate: go
and take it away !"
There was a long silence after this, and Alice could
only hear whispers now and then; such as, "Sure, I
don't like it, yer honour, at all, at all!" "Do as I tell
you, you coward and at last she spread out her hand
again, and made another snatch in the air. This time
there were two little shrieks, and more sounds of broken
glass. What a number of cucumber-frames there must
be thought Alice. "I wonder what they'll do next!
As for pulling me out of the window, I only wish they
could! I'm sure I don't want to stay in here any longer '"


She waited for some time without hearing anything
more: at last came a rumbling of little cart-wheels,
and the sound of a good many voices all talking together:
she made out the words: "Where's the
other ladder ?-Why I hadn't to bring but
one; Bill's got the other-Bill! Fetch it
h ere, lad !-Here, put 'em up at this corner
-No, tie 'em together first-they don't
reach half high enough yet-Oh they'll
do well enough; don't be particular-Here,
Bill! catch hold of this rope-Will the roof
bear ?-Mind that loose slate-Oh, it's
coming down! Heads below! (a loud
crash)-" Now, who did that ?-It was
Bill, I fancy-Who's to go down the chim-
ney ?-Nay, I sha'n't I You do it !-That
I won't, then! Bill's to go down-Here,
Bill! the master says you've to go down
the chimney! "
Oh! So Bill's got to come down the
chimney, has he ? said Alice to herself.
r S Why, they seem to put everything upon
rBill t Bill! I wouldn't be in Bill's place for a
good deal: this fireplace is narrow, to be
sure; but I think I can kick a little "
She drew her foot as far down the chimney as she
could, and waited till she heard a little animal (she couldn't
guess of what sort it was) scratching and scrambling about


in the chimney close
above her: then, saying
to herself This is Bill,"
she gave one sharp kick,
and waited to see what
would happen next.
The first thing she
heard was a general
chorus of There goes
Bill!" then the Rab-
bit's voice alone -
"Catch him, you by
the hedge then
silence, and then
another confusion of voices-" Hold
up his head Brandy now Don't
choke him-How was it, old fellow ?
What happened to you ? Tell us all
about it! "
At last came a little feeble, squeak-
ing voice, (" That's Bill," thought
Alice,) Well, I hardly know-
No more, thank ye; I'm better
now-but I'm a deal too flustered
to tell you-all I know is, some-
thing comes at me like a Jack-in- aony"
the-box, and up I goes like a sky-


"So you did, old fellow said the others.
We must burn the house down said the Rabbit's
voice. And Alice called out as loud as she could, "If
you do, I'll set Dinah at you! "
There was a dead silence instantly, and Alice thought
to herself I wonder what they will do next! If they had
any sense, they'd take the roof off." After a minute or
two they began moving about again, and Alice heard
the Rabbit say "A barrowful will do, to begin with."
A barrowful of what ? thought Alice. But she had
not long to doubt, for the next moment a shower of little
pebbles came rattling in at the window, and some of them
hit her in the face. "I'll put a stop to this," she said
to herself, and shouted out "You'd better not do that
again!" which produced another dead silence.
Alice noticed with some surprise that the pebbles

Bil was in the
middle, being held up
by two guinea-pigs,
who were ghiing it
something out of a


were all turning into little cakes
as they lay on the floor, and a
bright idea came into her head.
"If I eat one of these cakes," ,
she thought, it's sure to
make some change in my size;
and, as it can't possibly make
me larger, it must make me
smaller, I suppose."
So she swallowed one of the
cakes, and was delighted to
find that she began shrinking
directly. As soon as she was
small enough to get through
She run off as hard
the door, she ran out of the as she could.
house, and found quite a crowd
of little animals and birds waiting outside. The poor
little Lizard, Bill, was in the middle, being held up by
two guinea-pigs, who were giving it something out of
a bottle. They all made a rush at Alice the moment she
appeared; but she ran off as hard as she could, and
soon found herself safe in a thick wood.
The first thing I've got to do," said Alice to herself,
as she wandered about in the wood, "is to grow to my
right size again; and the second thing is to find my way
into that lovely garden. I think that will be the best
It sounded an excellent plan, no doubt, and very


neatly and simply arranged; the only
difficulty was, that she had not the
smallest idea how to set about it; and,
while she was peering about anxiously
among the trees, a little sharp bark
just over her head made her look up
Sin a great hurry.
An enormous puppy was looking
down at her with large round eyes, and
feebly stretching out one paw, trying to
touch her. "Poor little thing! said
Alice, in a coaxing tone, and she tried
hard to whistle to it; but she was
terribly frightened all the time at the
thought that it might be hungry, in
which case it would be very likely to
eat her up in spite of all her coaxing.
Hardly knowing what she did, she
picked up a little bit of stick, and held
it out to the puppy; whereupon the
puppy jumped into the air off all its
feet at once, with a yelp of delight, and
rushed at the stick, and made believe to
worry it; then Alice dodged behind a
great thistle, to keep herself from being
run over; and, the moment she appeared
An enormous puppy
was looking down on the other side, the puppy made
t her. another rush at the stick, and tumbled


head over heels in its hurry to get hold of it; then
Alice, thinking it was very like having a game of play
with a cart-horse, and expecting every moment to be
trampled under its feet, ran round the thistle again;
then the puppy began a series of short charges at the
stick, running a very little way forwards each time and
a long way back, and barking hoarsely all the while, till
at last it sat down a good way off, panting, with its
tongue hanging out of its mouth, and its great eyes
half shut.
This seemed to Alice a good opportunity for making
her escape; so she set off at once, and ran till she was
quite tired and out of breath, and till the puppy's bark
sounded quite faint in the distance.
"And yet what a dear little puppy it was!" said
Alice, as she leant against a buttercup to rest herself,
and fanned herself with one of the leaves. I should have
liked teaching it tricks very much, if-if I'd only been
the right size to do it! Oh, dear! I'd nearly forgotten
that I've got to grow up again! Let me see-how is
it to be managed ? I suppose I ought to eat or, drink
something or other; but the great question is, what ? "
The great question certainly was, what ? Alice looked
all round her at the flowers and the blades of grass, but
she could not see anything that looked like the right thing
to eat or drink under the circumstances. There was a
large mushroom growing near her, about the same height
as herself; and, when she had looked under it, and on


both sides of it, and behind it, it occurred to her that
she might as well look and see what was on the top of it.
She stretched herself up on tiptoe, and peeped over
the edge of the mushroom, and her eyes immediately
met those of a large blue caterpillar, that was sitting
on the top with its arms folded, quietly smoking a long
hookah, and taking not the smallest notice of her or of
anything else.

Qaetuy smoking a
'or5. hko




HE Caterpillar and Alice
l( looked at each other for
some time in silence: at
last the Caterpillar took
the hookah out of its
mouth, and addressed her
in a languid, sleepy voice.
Who are you ?" said the Cater-
This was not an encouraging opening for a conversa-
tion. Alice replied, rather shyly, "I-I hardly know,
sir, just at present-at least I know who I was when I
got up this morning, but I think I must have been changed
several times since then."
"What do you mean by that ? said the Caterpillar
sternly. "Explain yourself! "


"I can't explain myself, I'm afraid, sir," said Alice,
"because I'm not myself, you 'see."
"I don't see," said the Caterpillar.
"I'm afraid I can't put
S/ it more clearly," Alice re-
plied very politely, "for I
can't understand it myself
to begin with; and being
so many different sizes in a
day is very confusing."
"It isn't," said the
"Well, perhaps you
haven't found it so yet,"
S said Alice, but 'when you
/ have to turn into a chry-
Al salis-you will some day,
,/ you know-and then after
i'J/'" that into a butterfly, I
,f( should think you'll feel it a
/' little queer, won't you ?"
Not a bit," said the Caterpillar.
S" Well, perhaps your feelings may
"t Isn't," said the be different," said Alice; "all I know
Caterpillar. is, it would feel very queer to me."
"You! said the Caterpillar contemptuously. Who
are you I "
Which brought them back again to the beginning of


the conversation. Alice felt a little irritated at the
Caterpillar's making such very short remarks, and she
drew herself up and said, very gravely, "I think you
ought to tell me who you are, first."
Why ?" said the Caterpillar.
Here was another puzzling question; and as Alice
could not think of any good reason, and as the Cater-
pillar seemed to be in a very unpleasant state of mind,
she turned away.
Come back the Caterpillar
called after her. I've something
important to say! "
This sounded promising, cer-
tainly: Alice turned and came
back again.
Keep your temper," said the
"Is that all?" said Alice,
swallowing down her anger as
well as she could.
"No," said the Caterpillar.
Alice thought she might as
well wait, as she had nothing
else to do, and perhaps after all
it might tell her something worth
hearing. For some minutes it
puffed away without speaking, Alice fokted her hands,
but at last it unfolded its arms, ad bepn.


took the hookah out of its mouth again, and said "So
you think you're changed, do you ?"
"I'm afraid I am, sir," said Alice; "I can't remem-
ber things as I used-and I don't keep the same size
for ten minutes together !"
"Can't remember what things ?" said the Caterpillar.
"Well, I've tried to say 'How doth the little busy
bee,' but it all came different !" Alice replied in a very
melancholy voice.
"Repeat You are old, Father William,'" said the
Alice folded her hands, and began:-

And yet you incessantly
stand on your head."

" You are old, Father William," the young man said,
And your hair has become very white;
And yet you incessantly stand on your head-
Do you think, at your age, it is right "


"In my youth," Father William replied to his son,
I feared it might injure the brain;
But, now that I'm perfectly sure I have none,
Why, I do it again and again."

" You are old," said
the youth, "as I
mentioned before,
And have grown
most uncom-
monly fat;
Yet you turned a
back somersault
in at the door-
Pray, what is the
reason of that? "

"In my youth,"
said the sage,
as he shook his
grey locks,
"I kept all my
limbs very supple
By the use of this
ointment one
shilling the box--
l g" tYou turned a back-
Allow me to sell somersault m at thd
you a couple?" door."


You are old," said the youth, and
your jaws are too weak
For anything tougher than suet;
Yet you finished the goose, with the
bones and the beak-
Pray, how did you manage to do it? "

"In my youth," said his father, "
took to the law,
And argued each case with my wife;
And the muscular strength, which it
You balanced a gave to my jaw,
stl on the end of
your nose." Has lasted the rest of my life."

" You are old," said the youth, one would hardly suppose
That your eye was as steady as ever ;
Yet you balanced an eel on the end of your nose-
What made you so awfully clever? "

"I have answered three questions, and that is enough,"
Said his father ; don't give yourself airs !
Do you think I can listen all day to such stuff ?
Be off, or I'll kick you down stairs !"

"That is not said right," said the Caterpillar.
"Not quite right, I'm afraid," said Alice, timidly;
"some of the words have got altered."
"It is wrong from beginning to end," said the


Caterpillar decidedly, and
there was silence for some
The Caterpillar was the first
to speak.
What size do you want to
be ? it asked
"Oh, I'm not particular
as to size," Alice hastily
replied ; only one doesn't
like changing so often, you
"I don't know," said the
Alice said nothing: she had
never been so much contra-
dicted in all her life before,
and she felt that she was losing
her temper.
h te eo ". It is a very good
"Are you content now?" "eight indeed
said the Caterpillar.
Well, I should like to be a little larger, sir, if you
wouldn't mind," said Alice: "three inches is such a
wretched height to be."
"It is a very good height indeed!" said the Cater-
pillar angrily, rearing itself upright as it spoke (it was
exactly three inches high).
But I'm not used to it! pleaded poor Alice in a


piteous tone. And she thought to herself, "I
wish the creatures wouldn't be so easily i
offended! "
You'll get used to it in time," said
the Caterpillar; and it put the hookah
into its mouth and began smoking /
This time Alice waited
patiently until it chose
to speak again. In a
minute or two the Cater-
pillar took the hookah
out of its mouth and
yawned once or twice, and
shook itself. Then it got /
down off the mushroom,
and crawled away into the
grass, merely remarking as ~
it went, "One side will/
make you grow taller, Sie stretched h
arms round it.
and the other side will
make you grow shorter."
"One side of what? The other side of what?"
thought Alice to herself.
"Of the mushroom," said the Caterpillar, just as
if she had asked it aloud; and in another moment it
was out of sight.
Alice remained looking thoughtfully at the mushroom


for a minute, trying to make out
which were the two sides of it; and
as it was perfectly round, she found
this a very difficult question. How-
ever, at last she stretched her arms
round it as far as they would go,
and broke off a bit of the edge with
each hand. shrinking pidly.
And now which is which ? "
she said to herself, and nibbled a little of the right-
hand bit to try the effect: the next moment she felt
a violent blow underneath her chin: it had struck her
foot t
She was a good deal frightened by this very sudden
change, but she felt that there was no time to be lost,
as she was shrinking rapidly; so she set to work at once
to eat some of the other bit. Her chin was pressed so
closely against her foot, that there was hardly room to
open her mouth; but she did it at last, and managed
to swallow a morsel of the left-hand bit.
"Come, my head's free at last! said Alice in a tone
of delight, which changed into alarm in another moment,
when she found that her shoulders were nowhere to be
found: all she could see, when she looked down, was
an immense length of neck, which seemed to rise like a


stalk out of a sea of green leaves that
lay far below her.
What can all that green stuff be ? "
said Alice. "And where have myf
shoulders got to ? And oh, my poor
hands, how is it I can't see you?"
She was moving them about as she
spoke, but no result seemed to follow,
except a little shaking among the
distant green leaves.
As there seemed to be no chance of
getting her hands up to her head, she
tried to get her head down to them, and
was delighted to find that her neck
would bend about easily in any direc-
tion, like a serpent. She had just
succeeded in curving it down into a
graceful zigzag, and was going to dive
in among the leaves, which she found
to be nothing but the tops of the trees
under which she had been wandering,
when a sharp hiss made her draw back
in a hurry: a large pigeon had flown
into her face, and was beating her
violently with its wings.
"Serpent! screamed the Pigeon.
"I'm not a serpent! said Alice in-
dignantly. "Let me alone! "

All she could see was
Oil inmense length of neck.

ET r

A large pigeon had flown into her face.



"Serpent, I say again!" repeated the Pigeon, but
in a more subdued tone, and added with a kind of
sob, "I've tried every way, and nothing seems to suit
them! "
I haven't the least idea what you're talking about,"
said Alice.
"I've tried the roots of trees, and I've tried banks,
and I've tried hedges," the Pigeon went on, without
attending to her; "but those serpents! There's no
pleasing them! "
Alice was more and more puzzled, but she thought
there was no use in saying anything more till the Pigeon
had finished.
"As if it wasn't trouble enough hatching the eggs,"
said the Pigeon; "but I must be on the look-out for
serpents night and day! Why, I haven't had a wink of
sleep these three weeks "
"I'm very sorry you've been annoyed," said Alice,
who was beginning to see its meaning.
And just as Id taken the highest tree in the wood,"
continued the Pigeon, raising its voice to a shriek, "and
just as I was thinking I should be free of them at last
they must needs come wriggling down from the sky!
Ugh, Serpent! "
But I'm not a serpent, I tell you said Alice. "I'm
a-, I'm a--"
Well! What are you ? said the Pigeon. I can
see you're trying to invent something "


"I-I'm a little girl," said Alice, rather doubtfully,
as she remembered the number of changes she had gone
through that day.
"A likely story indeed! said the Pigeon in a tone
of the deepest contempt. I've seen a good many little
girls in my time, but never one with such a neck as that!
No, no You're a serpent; and there's no use denying it.
I suppose you'll be telling me next that you never tasted
an egg! "
"I have tasted eggs, certainly," said Alice, who was
a very truthful child; "but little girls eat eggs quite
as much as serpents do, you know."
"I don't believe it," said the Pigeon; "but if they
do, why then they're a kind of serpent, that's all I can
This was such a new idea to Alice, that she was quite
silent for a minute or two, which gave the Pigeon the
opportunity of adding, "You're looking for eggs, I know
that well enough; and what does it matter to me whether
you're a little girl or a serpent ? "
"It matters a good deal to me," said Alice hastily;
"but I'm not looking for eggs, as it happens; and if I
was, I shouldn't want yours: I don't like them raw."
Well, be off, then!" said the Pigeon in a sulky
tone, as it settled down again into its nest. Alice crouched
down among the trees as well as she could, for her neck
kept getting entangled among the branches, and every
now and then she had to stop and untwist it. After a


ter neK keptgeieangid



while she remembered that she still held the pieces of
mushroom in her hands, and she set to work very care-
fully, nibbling first at one and then at the other, and
growing sometimes taller and sometimes shorter, until
she had succeeded in bringing herself down to her usual
It was so long since she had been anything near the
right size, that it felt quite strange at first; but she got
used to it in a few minutes, and began talking to her-
self, as usual. Come, there's half my plan done now!
How puzzling all these changes are I'm never sure what
I'm going to be, from one minute to another However,
I've got back to my right size: the next thing is, to get
into that beautiful garden-how is that to be done, I
wonder ? As she said this, she came suddenly upon an
open place, with a little house in it about four feet high.
" Whoever lives there," thought Alice, "it'll never do
to come upon them this size: why, I should frighten
them out of their wits! So she began nibbling at the
right-hand bit again, and did not venture to go near the
house till she had brought herself down to nine inches

Suddenly a footman in lhwry
came running out of the wood.


FOR a minute or two she stood looking at the
house, and wondering what to do next, when
suddenly a footman in livery came running out
of the wood-(she considered him to be a
footman because he was in livery: otherwise, judging
by his face only, she would have called him a fish)
-and rapped loudly at the door with his knuckles.
It was opened by another footman in livery, with a
round face and large eyes like a frog; and both footmen,
Alice noticed, had powdered hair that curled all over
their heads. She felt very curious to know what it was
all about, and crept a little way out of the wood to


The Fish-Footman began by producing from under
his arm a great letter, nearly as large as himself, and
this he handed over to the other, saying, in a solemn
tone, "For the Duchess. An invitation from the Queen
to play croquet." The Frog-Footman repeated, in the
same solemn tone, only changing the order of the words
a little, From the Queen. An invitation for the Duchess
to play croquet."
Then they both bowed low, and their curls got en-
tangled together.
Alice laughed so much at this, that she had to run
back into the wood for fear ofLtheir hearing her; and,
when she next peeped out, the Fish-
Footman was gone, and the other
was sitting on the ground near the
door, staring stupidly up into the
Alice went timidly up to the door
and knocked.
There's no sort of use in knock-
ing," said the Footman, "and that
for two reasons. First, because I'm
on the same side of the door as you
are; secondly, because they're mak-
ing such a noise inside, no one could
possibly hear you." And certainly
there was a most extraordinary noiseFor thuchess.
"For the Duchess. An
going on within-a constant howling invitation from the Quee,


and sneezing, and every now and then a great crash, as
if a dish or kettle had been broken to pieces.
Please, then," said Alice, "how am I to get in ? "
"There might be some sense in your knocking,"
the Footman went on without attending to her, "if we
had the door between us. For instance, if you were
inside, you might knock, and I could let you out, you
know." He was looking up into the sky all the time
he was speaking, and this Alice thought decidedly un-
civil. "But perhaps he can't help it," she said to her-
self ; his eyes are so very nearly at the top of his head.
But at any rate he might answer questions.-How am
I to get in ? she repeated, aloud.
"I shall sit here," the Footman remarked, "till to-
At this moment the door of the house opened, and

" Frm th QuOen."

a large plate came skimming out,
straight at the Footman's head: it
just grazed his nose, and broke
to pieces against one of the trees
behind him.
"- or next day, maybe," the
Footman continued in the same
tone, exactly as if nothing had hap-
How am I to get in ? asked
Alice again in a louder tone.
Are you to get in at all ? "


said the Footman. "That's the first question, you
It was, no doubt: only Alice did not like to be told
so. "It's really dreadful," she muttered to herself,
"the way all the creatures argue. It's enough to drive
one crazy! "
The Footman seemed to
think this a good oppor-
tunity for repeating his
remark, with variations. I
shall sit here," he said, "on
and off, for days and days."
"But what am I to do ?"
said Alice.
"Anything you like,"
said the Footman, and began
"Oh, there's no use in
talking to him," said Alice
desperately: "he's perfectly s
I shall sit here
idiotic !" And she opened fil to-morw."
the door and went in.
The door led right into a large kitchen, which
was full of smoke from one end to the other: the
Duchess was sitting on a three-legged stool in the
middle, nursing a baby; the cook was leaning over the
fire, stirring a large cauldron which seemed to be full
of soup.


"There's certainly too much pepper in that soup!"
Alice said to herself, as well as she could for sneezing.
There was certainly too much of it in the air. Even
the Duchess sneezed
occasionally; and the
baby was sneezing and
howling alternately
without a moment's
r pause. The only things
d in the kitchen that
did not sneeze, were
the cook, and a large
cat which was sitting
on the hearth and grin-
ning from ear to ear.
"Please would you
Tell me," said Alice a
little timidly, for she
was not quite sure
whether it was good
manners for her to
S speak first, "why
your cat grins like
77Te Duchess that ? "
"It's a Cheshire
cat," said the Duchess, "and that's why. Pig! "
She said the last word with such sudden violence that
Alice quite jumped; but she saw in another moment that


it was addressed to the baby, and not to her, so she took
courage, and went on again:-
I didn't know that Cheshire cats always grinned; in
fact, I didn't know that cats could grin."
They all can," said the Duchess; "and most of
'em do."
"I don't know of any that do," Alice said very
politely, feeling quite pleased to have got into a conversa-
You don't know much," said the Duchess; "and
that's a fact."
Alice did not at all like the tone of this remark, and
thought it would be as well to introduce some other
subject of conversation. While she was trying to fix
on one, the cook took the cauldron of soup off the fire,
and at once set to work throwing everything within her
reach at the Duchess and the baby-the fire-irons came
first; then followed a shower of saucepans, plates, and
dishes. The Duchess took no notice of them even when
they hit her; and the baby was howling so much already,
that it was quite impossible to say whether the blows
hurt it or not.
Oh, please mind what you're doing!" cried Alice,
jumping up and down in an agony of terror. Oh,
there goes his precious nose;" as an unusually large
saucepan flew close by it, and very nearly carried
it off.
"If everybody minded their own business," the


Duchess said in a hoarse
growl, "the world would
go round a deal faster
than it does."
"Which would not be
an advantage," said Alice,
who felt very glad to get an
opportunity of showing off
a little of her knowledge.
S"Just think what work it
would make with the day
and night! You see the
earth takes twenty four
hours to turn round on its
The cook .at once set to work throwing axis
everything within her reach at the Duchess.
Talking of axes," said
the Duchess, "chop off her head."
Alice glanced rather anxiously at the cook, to see
if she meant to take the hint; but the cook was
busily engaged in stirring the soup, and did not
seem to be listening, so she ventured to go on
again: "Twenty-four hours, I think; or is it twelve ?
I "
"Oh, don't bother me," said the Duchess; "I never
could abide figures And with that she began nursing
her child again, singing a sort of lullaby to it as she
did so, and giving it a violent shake at the end of
every line:


She began her child again, a sort of lullaby to it.



"Speak roughly to your little boy,
And beat him when he sneezes:
He only does it to annoy,
Because he knows it teases."

(In which the cook and the baby joined) :-
Wow wow! wow "

While the Duchess sang the second verse of the song,
she kept tossing the baby violently up and down, and
the poor little thing howled so, that Alice could hardly
hear the words:-

"I speak severely to my boy,
I beat him when he sneezes;
For he can thoroughly enjoy
The pepper when he pleases I"

Wow wow wow "

"Here! you may nurse it a bit, if you like! the
Duchess said to Alice, flinging the baby at her as she
spoke. "I must go and get ready to play
croquet with the Queen," and she hurried out
of the room. The cook threw
a frying-pan after her as she
went out, but it just missed
her. he baby.
a 61


Alice caught the baby with some difficulty, as it was
a queer-shaped little creature, and held out its arms
and legs in all directions, "just like a star-fish," thought
Alice. The poor little thing was snorting like a steam-
engine when she caught it, and kept doubling itself up
and straightening itself out again, so that altogether,
for the first minute or two, it was as much as she could
do to hold it.
As soon as she had made out the proper way of nursing
it, (which was to twist it up into a sort of knot, and then
keep tight hold of its right ear and left foot, so as to
prevent its undoing itself,) she carried it out into the
open air. "If I don't take this child away with me,"
thought Alice, "they're sure to kill it in a day or two:
wouldn't it be murder to leave it behind ?" She said
the last words out loud, and the little thing grunted in
reply (it had left off sneezing by this time). "Don't
grunt," said Alice; "that's not at all a proper way of
expressing yourself."
The baby grunted again, and Alice looked very
anxiously into its face to see what was the matter with
it. There could be no doubt that it had a very turn-up
nose, much more like a snout than a real nose; also its
eyes were getting extremely small for a baby: altogether
Alice did not like the look of the thing at all. But
perhaps it was only sobbing," she thought, and looked
into its eyes again, to see if there were any tears.
No, there were no tears. "If you're going to turn


into a pig, my dear," said Alice, seriously, "I'll have
nothing more to do with you. Mind now! The poor
little thing sobbed again (or grunted, it was impossible

She cared it out into
the open air.

to say which), and they went on for some while in
Alice was just beginning to think to herself, "Now,
what am I to do with this creature when I get it home "


when it grunted again; so violently, that she looked down
into its face in some alarm. This time there could be
no mistake about it: it was neither more nor less than
a pig, and she felt that it would be quite absurd for her
to carry it any farther.
So she set the little creature down, and felt quite
relieved to see it trot quietly away into the wood. "If
it had grown up," she said to herself, "it would have
made a dreadfully ugly child: but it makes rather a
handsome pig, I think." And she began thinking over
other children she knew, who might do very well as
pigs, and was just saying to herself, "if one only knew
the right way to change them-" when she was a
little startled by seeing the Cheshire Cat sitting on
a bough of a tree a few yards off.
The Cat only grinned when it saw Alice. It looked
good-natured, she thought: still it had very long claws
and a great many teeth, so she felt that it ought to be
treated %with respect.
"Cheshire Puss," she began, rather timidly, as she
did not at all know whether it would like the' name:
however, it only grinned a little wider. "Come, it's
pleased so far," thought Alice, and she went on. Would
you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from
here ? "
"That depends a good deal on where you want to
get to," said the Cat.
"I don't much oare where--" said Alice.

5tle teIrquhW1 reltevea
ro 5ee il ilorquiteff away


"Then it doesn't matter
which way you go," said the
so long as I get
somewhere," Alice added as an
"Oh, you're sure to do
that," said the Cat, "if you only walk long
Alice felt that this could not be denied, so
she tried another question. What sort of
people live about here ? "
In that direction," the Cat said, waving its
right paw round, lives a Hatter: and in that
\ direction," waving the other paw, "lives a
siting on March Hare. Visit either you like: they're
a bough both mad."
of a tree.
But I don't want to go among mad
people," Alice remarked.
"Oh, you can't help that," said the Cat: "we're
all mad here. I'm mad. You're mad."
How do you know I'm mad ? said Alice.
You must be," said the Cat, "or you wouldn't
have come here."
Alice didn't think that proved it at all; however,
she went on. "And how do you know that you're mad ? '
To begin with," said the Cat, "a dog's not mad.
You grant that ? "


"I suppose so," said Alice.
Well, then," the Cat went on, you see a dog growls
when it's angry, and wags its tail when it's pleased.
Now I growl when I'm pleased, and wag my tail when
I'm angry. Therefore I'm mad."
"I call it purring, not growling," said Alice.
"Call it what you like," said the Cat. "Do you
play croquet with the Queen to-day ? "
"I should like it very much," said Alice, "but I
haven't been invited yet."
You'll see me there," said the Cat, and vanished.
Alice was not much surprised at this, she was getting
so used to queer things happening. While she was
looking at the place where it had been, it suddenly
appeared again.
By-the-bye, what became of the baby ? said the
Cat. "I'd nearly forgotten to ask."
It turned into a pig," Alice quietly said, just as if
it had come back in a natural way.
"I thought it would," said the Cat, and vanished
Alice waited a little, half expecting to see it again,
but it did not appear, and after a minute or two she
walked on in the direction in which the March Hare was
said to live. "I've seen hatters before," she said to
herself; "the March Hare will be much the most inter-
esting, and perhaps, as this is May, it won't be raving
mad-at least not so mad as it was in March." As she


said this, she looked up, and there was the Cat again,
sitting on a branch of a tree.
"Did you say pig, or fig ?" said the Cat.

"Did you say pig,

I said pig," replied Alice; and I wish you wouldn't
keep appearing and vanishing so suddenly: you make
one quite giddy."


"All right," said the Cat; and this time it vanished
quite slowly, beginning with the end of the tail, and
ending with the grin, which remained some time after
the rest of it had gone.
Well! I've often seen a cat without a grin," thought
Alice; but a grin without a cat! It's the most curious
thing I ever saw in all my life."
She had not gone much farther before she came in
sight of the house of the March Hare: she thought it
must be the right house, because the chimneys were shaped
like ears and the roof was thatched with fur. It was so
large a house, that she did not like to go nearer till she
had nibbled some more of the left-hand bit of mushroom,
and raised herself to about two feet high: even then she
walked up towards it rather timidly, saying to herself,
" Suppose it should be raving mad after all! I almost
wish I'd gone to see the Hatter instead!"

It vanished
quite slowly.

77h March
Hare's house

HERE was a table set out under a tree in
front of the house, and the March Hare and
the Hatter were having tea at it: a Dor-
mouse was sitting between them, fast asleep,
and the other two were using it as a cushion, resting,
their elbows on it, and talking over its head. "Very
uncomfortable for the Dormouse," thought Alice; "only
as it's asleep, I suppose it doesn't mind."
The table was a large one, but the three were all
crowded together at one corner of it. "No room! No
room!" they cried out when they saw Alice coming.
"There's plenty of room!" said Alice indignantly, and
she sat down in a large armchair at one end of the
"Have some wine," the March Hare said in an
encouraging tone.


Alice looked all round the table, but there was nothing
on it but tea. "I don't see any wine," she remarked.
There isn't any," said the March Hare.
"Then it wasn't very civil of you to offer it," said
Alice angrily.
It wasn't very civil of you to sit down without being
invited," said the March Hare.
"I didn't know it was your table," said Alice; "it's
laid for a great many more than three."
Your hair wants cutting," said the Hatter. He
had been looking at Alice for some time with great
curiosity, and this was his first speech.
"You should learn not to make personal remarks,"
Alice said with some severity; "it's very rude."
The Hatter opened his eyes very wide on hearing
this; but all he said was, "Why is a raven like a writing-
desk ? "
Come, we shall have some fun now !" thought Alice.
"I'm glad they've begun asking riddles.-I believe I
can guess that," she added aloud.
"Do you mean that you think you can find out the
answer to it ? said the March Hare.
Exactly so," said Alice.
"Then you should say what you mean," the March
Hare went on.
"I do," Alice hastily replied; "at least-at least I
mean what I say-that's the same thing, you know."
"Not the same thing a bit !" said the Hatter. "Why,


you might just as well say that 'I see what I eat' is the
same thing as 'I eat what I see' "
"You might just as well say," added the March
Hare, "that 'I like what I get' is the same thing as
'I get what I like' I!

The other tuo were
using it as a cushion

You might just as well say," added the Dormouse,
which seemed to be talking in his sleep, that 'I breathe
when I sleep' is the same thing as 'I sleep when 1
"It is the same thing with you," said the Hatter;
and here the conversation dropped, and the party sat

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