Front Cover

Group Title: Florida future farmer
Title: The Florida future farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076598/00033
 Material Information
Title: The Florida future farmer
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Kissimmee Florida
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Agricultural education -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1938-
Numbering Peculiarities: Volumes for 1956-1957 both numbered v. 17.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076598
Volume ID: VID00033
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01405300

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10-11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
Full Text

JULY, 1951

Awards Announced

Highlights of FFA
Activities Given
Star Farmer Chosen
Star Farmer Chosen

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Congratulations to Florida's

Best F. F. A. Chapter

... Quincy

Gadsden County friends and admirers of the Quincy
Future Farmers of America Chapter wish to take this means
of commanding this fine group of future citizens for their
outstanding achievements in carrying out a program of
work which won for them the top honors in competition
with 138 other F.F.A. Chapters in Florida.

Desmond Al. Bishop, Quincy Chapter Adviser and H. E. Wood, .
State Adviser, Florida Association, F.F.A. look on as J. E.
Gorman, Mlanaging Director, Florida Chain Store Council, Inc.,
sponsors of the Chapter Contest, presents to Bobby Woodward.
President of the Quincy Chapter, Ist place winner for 1950-51,
the special rotating plaque.

Members of the 1951 Quincy Chapter

The recognition won by these boys brings honor not
only to themselves and their chapter but to Quincy and
Gadsden County.
We recognize and appreciate the excellent leadership
of their Chapter adviser and we pledge our continued
support and encouragement toward higher goals and

Grand Champion Steer at the Seventh Annual West Florida Fat
Cattle Sale was a iio6-pound Hereford shown by George 7ohnson,
Quincy FFA.
This page sponsored by Gadsden County friends of the Quincy Chapter of the Future Farmers of America.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951

As A visitor to the 23rd Annual State
Convention of the Florida Association of
the Future Farmers of America, I was im-
pressed by the seriousness with which the
members carried out their assignments at
that meeting, their apparent love of the
soil, and their interest in the various
activities which are necessary in the all-
important task of furnishing the hungry
world with food.
We are not sure that all of those pre-
sent, or even all of
those taking part
and earning awards,
had a vision of the
true place of the
food producer, nor
an appreciation of
the blessings shared
wi by those producers
who are privileged
HENDERN to live in America
to-day. These boys
did exhibit all of the independence, am-
bitions, and self assurance we like to recog-
nize as American.
Reports of the individual and chapter
achievements point to the day when they
will be engaged full time in producing
food crops or raising cattle, in dairying
pursuits, or some similar occupation. Our
minds turn to other countries-India with
her teeming millions starving for lack of

wheat; China where untold numbers of
people are never free from the pangs of
hunger; Yugoslavia which is now almost
forced to trade her liberty for food, and
to other parts of the world where the
people are gratefully eating of the boun-
teous crops produced in America. Not
only have we been feeding ourselves, but
because of the spirit and success of those
who love to live with the soil, we have
been producing enough food to share
with many less fortunate people.
Each year has brought a growing under-
standing of the possibilities of modern
agriculture. Intelligent and energetic
youth are recognizing the opportunities
which will come with the agricultural
training offered through educational pro-
grams in the high schools and through
their Future Farmer chapters.
Within the last few years, a number
of Florida boys have been receiving na-
tional recognition in this field. Many
others were recipients of honors here at
home. These together with the many
who steadily acquire the knowledge need-
ed to carry on successful projects, who
are willing to take advantage of the great
discoveries which come through research
for the improvement of agriculture, and
who learn better farm management and
improved marketing practices, will bring
(Continued on page 4)

l'he C/OV These new Officers were elected at the 23rd Annual State
e OV r Convention held in Daytona Beach, June 18-22, 1951.
Seated, President Copeland Griswold, Chumuckla. Standing, left to right-6th Vice
President Chester Damron, Bradenton; 5th Vice President Wilton Miller, Marianna;
4th Vice President, Alfred Meeks, Pahokee; 3rd Vice President, C. B. Gatch, Eustis;
Bobby Woodward, and Vice President, Quincy; and Gibbs Roland, Ist Vice President,

Published four times per year, January, April, July, and October by the Cody Publications, Inc.,
Kissimmee, Florida for the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America

President.......... Copeland Griswold, Chumuckla
Vice-President ........... Gibbs Roland, Newberry
2nd Vice President......Bobby Woodward, Quincy
3rd Vice President............C. B. Gatch, Eustis
4th Vice President.......... Alfred Meeks, Pahokee
5th Vice President........Wilton Miller, Marianna
6th Vice President.....Chester Damron, Bradenton
Executive Secretary......A. R. Cox, Jr., Tallahassee
State Adviser...........H. E. Wood, Tallahassee

President........ Walter Cummins, Freedom, Okla.
1st Vice-President.............Robert L. Smith,
Buttonwillow, Calif.
2nd Vice-President........Hal Davis, Quincy, Fla
3rd Vice-President.............Donald Jorgensen,
Lake City, Iowa
4th Vice-President.............Richard Waybright,
Gettysburg, Pa.
Student Secretary Wayne Staritt, Morgantown, W. Va.
Executive Secretary.A. W. Tenney, Washington, D.C.
Executive Treasurer..........Dowell J. Howard,
Winchester, Va.
National Adviser.... ........W. T. Spanton,
Washington, D. C.

By Way of Editorial Comment:

Growing Task for Agriculture
ED HENDERSON, Executive Secretary
Florida Education Association



The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951



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Left to right, Hal Davis, 2nd National Vice President, Mary Faye Andrews, newly elected F.F.A. State Sweetheart for 1951-52,
from Clewiston, Don Fuqua, retiring 1950-51 State President and Copeland Griswold, newly elected 1951-52 State President from
Chumuckla. Part of the line-up for food at the Fish Fry sponsored by the Florida Ford Tractor Company, Jacksonville.

State Convention at Daytona Beach

Reviews Many Accomplishments

THE agrd Annual Convention of the
Florida Association, Future Farmers of
America, June 18-22, included many im-
portant events for the delegates and
guests. Attendance at the sessions held
in the new comfortable Peabody Audi-
torium in Daytona Beach, was approx-
imately 500.
From the time Don Fuqua, retiring
State President, sounded the gavel for the
opening session, to the time newly in-
stalled President Copeland Griswold
uttered the solemn words of the closing
ceremony at the last session of the Con-
vention, things were happening fast and
From the standpoint of accomplish-
ments, Tuesday afternoon's session was a
big success. Committees previously ap-
pointed by President Fuqua met with
adult consultants and adopted recommen-
dations which should improve the entire
program for the Florida Association dur-
ing the coming year.
On Wednesday, Hal Davis of Quincy,
National 2nd Vice-President, gave an ad-
dress in which he told of his work in the
National Association and complimented
the Florida Association for its many out-
standing accomplishments during the
Ninety-seven candidates for the State
Farmer Degree received their degrees at
this session. The State Sweetheart Con-

test on Wednesday afternoon was a red-
letter day event. All the contestants were
talented and lovely and received the
hearty approval of the delegates and
guests. Miss Mary Faye Andrews who was
acclaimed the State F.F.A. Sweetheart for
1951-52, won the hearts of the audience
with her many talents which included the
piano, art, and accordian playing. She
very graciously entertained on the Special
Awards Program and on the Bandshell
During the Convention, in addition to
the State Sweetheart and the other con-
testants, the Louisiana State Sweetheart,
and a Past State Sweetheart of the Mis-
sissippi Association, as well as Miss Caro-
lyn Black of Lake City, newly elected
State President of the F.H.A., were pre-
Miss Black and her sister were the "hit"
entertainers at the Bandshell Program
on Wednesday night. Mr. George F.
Robinson of Daytona Beach was the
emcee and the program was attended by
many local people as well as convention-
ers and vacationists.
State Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion, Thomas D. Bailey, gave an address
Thursday afternoon and the new officers
for the coming year were elected.
Delegates, officers, and guests were en-
tertained by the Florida Ford Tractor
Company at a Fish Fry at Beach Rest on

President Don Fuqua was Master of
Ceremonies at the Special Awards Pro-
gram Thursday evening when the winners
of the Future Farmer Foundation Awards
were presented their awards and a num-
ber of outstanding supporters of the
Florida Future Farmers were presented
with the Honorary State Farmer Degree.
Friday morning brought the final ses-
sion of the Convention when the retiring
officers gave their reports and received
an ovation from the delegates and mem-
bers for their splendid work during the
year. The new officers were installed and
almost too soon, the Convention was

Growing Task

(Continued from page 3)
to Florida a very rich return in the
months and years to come.
As the boys who comprise the Future
Farmers of America, now numbering
3oo,ooo, realize more deeply the great
services which they can perform, and the
extent to which America is willing to go
to bring relief to friends in these other
countries, they will grow in devotion to
this task and also in appreciation of that
form of government which allows them
free exercise of their own talents.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951


H. F. Wiggins, Jr., Star State Farmer, receives a check for $zoo and a certificate from the Future Farmer Foundation, presented
by Mr. Thomas D. Bailey, State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Mr. H. E. Wood, State Adviser, Florida F.F.A. Association
and Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Wiggins look on.

Wiggins Ch(

WHEN H. F. enrolled in Vocational Agri-
culture in 1947 he showed a keen interest
not only in class work but also in the
Supervised Farming and Future Farmer
phases of the program as well. He im-
mediately began to plan a balanced
Supervised Farming Program of livestock,
feed and cash crops. As soon as he heard
of the Southeastern Livestock Show at
Ocala, he wanted to know where he could
get a steer to enter. Some grade Here-
ford steers were located and H. F. pur-
chased two instead of one. He did a
good job of feeding these steers and
placed third and fifth in the Future
Farmer class. His steers were good, but
when he arrived at the show he saw
some steers that opened his eyes. He
immediately said, "I am going to get some
better steers next year. I want the Grand
Champion and I am going to continue
until I get it." His first year he made a
labor income of $233.90 on his two steers.
In the fall of his first year, a county
Fat Barrow Show was held for the first
time in the local stock yard. H. F. enter-
ed a grade Duroc barrow in the show and
won Reserve Champion and received a
good price for his animal. His labor in-
come on this project and one grade sow
was $106.05.
His other projects during his first year
were, 2 acres of corn for feed, i acre of
tobacco and 1 acre of okra for cash crops.
His total labor income his first year was
$959.55. He entered i acre of his corn
in the county corn contest and won a
purebred Duroc gilt as first place winner.
He made a yield of 75 bushels per acre.
His first show steers taught him that
he would have to have a good animal to
start with, and feed him over a longer
period of time to place in the show, so
when school ended his first year, he was
ready to start looking for that Grand
Champion steer. A search through
Georgia and into the edge of the Caro-
linas and Tennessee resulted in his se-
curing a much better steer than he had

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951

sen Star State Farmer

had the year before. Competition was
much keener than the year before but
his steer placed first in his class and third
in the Future Farmer division. He had
his steer well trained and won the show-
manship that year. He also won the
Feeder Contest his second year. His
labor income on his beef cattle his second
year was $417.65.
During his second year he developed
an interest in dairy cattle. This was due
partly to a desire to have the Grand
Champion steer because he had seen some
very good steers at the show, as a result
of a nurse cow being used. He also
wanted enough dairy cows to furnish a
year-round supply of milk for the home,
in addition to any he might want to use
for nurse cows. His labor income from
his dairy project was $1ox.lo.
By his third year in Vocational Agricul-
ture he had expanded his program to in-
clude purebred Angus cattle, purebred
Duroc hogs, two steers for show, four
dairy cattle, 30 acres of feed crops, and
three acres of cash crops. His labor in-
come from these totaled $3,959.87.
During his third year the Florida Angus
Breeders Association purchased a steer
for him in Virginia and paid half the
price of the steer and transportation. He
secured a second steer from the Univer-
sity of Florida. With these steers he won
Future Farmer Champion and Reserve
Champion at Ocala and they placed third
and forth in the open championship class.
With one of these steers he won the
Showmanship Contest for the second
time. He was also awarded the Ma)o
Scholarship for his project program.
At the beginning of his third year he
began looking for a chance to get into
the purebred beef cattle business. He
went to Savannah, Georgia, to a dispersal
sale and purchased two Aberdeen Angus
heifers. Later in the year he purchased
an Angus bull to complete his purebred
During the latter part of his third year

he secured four dairy calves and raised
them on a nurse cow. This brought his
grade dairy herd up to nine at the begin-
ning of his fourth year.
By his third year he had reached one
of his ambitions-that of having a pure-
bred Duroc herd of his own to show in
the different classes. With these he en-
tered the Ocala and Live Oak Duroc
Breeders Shows. He received the follow-
ing placings from his entries: Champion
F.F.A. Sow, Champion F.F.A. Boar, Re-
serve Champion sow, Get of sire, Reserve
Champion, Produce of dam, third in
show, young herd-third in show and
blue group barrow.
H. F.'s program for his fourth year in
Vocational Agriculture included: two
steers for show, two grade beef cattle,
three purebred beef cattle, nine grade
dairy cattle, swine (grade) one, swine
(purebred) for breeding, five, poultry for
meat, 200, 35 acres of feed crops, to acres
pasture, four acres cash crops, and 25
acres of soil building crops.
His two steers the fourth year took the
same placings that his steers took the year
before, that of Champion and Reserve
Champion of F.F.A. and third and fourth
places in Championship class. He won
the showmanship contest for the third
year with one of his steers. The Suwan-
nee Livestock Market presented him with
a $100 award for his outstanding work
in livestock. He made a labor income
on his steers of $1137.80. He came home
still determined to win Champion of the
show, and has three more steers on feed
for the 1952 shows. Mr. Rainwater,
President of the State Angus Breeders
Association, allowed H. F. to select two
steers from his crop of bull calves and he
secured the third calf from Virginia.
Mr. Rainwater should also have credit
for helping H. F. to expand his breeding
herd. He sold him an Angus cow with
heifer calf and rebred the cow. This gives
him a herd of six purebred Angus cattle
(Continued on Page 16)



Awards Are


Parliamentary Procedure
THE MARIANNA Chapter won the Parliamen-
tary Procedure Contest for the second con-
secutive year, receiving the new Farm Bureau
trophy, $25, State Pennant, and the right to
keep the Alpha Tau Alpha rotating cup.
since this was their third time to win it.
The team consisted of Doyle McQuagge,
Benny Woodlief, Billy Byrd, A. J. Chumley,
Ream Day, and Morgan McLain and were

From top to bottom Marianna State
Champion Parliamentary Procedure
Team. Left to right, Doyle McQuagge,
Benny Woodlief (holder of the new Flor-
Sida Farm Bureau Parlimentary Proced-
ure Cup), Billy Byrd, R. F. Toole, Advis
er, A. F. Chumley, Ream Day (holder of
Alpha Tau Alpha Parliamentary Proced-
ure Cup,-the chapter was a 3-time win-
ner), and Morgan McLain. Senator N.
Ray Carroll, Chairman, Agricultural
Committee, Florida Banker's Association.
presents $1oo Scholarships. Left to right,
Charley Kennedy, Escambia Farms; John
Waring, Madison; Atlee Davis, Bar-
tow; Buddy Roberts, Bell; C. B. Gatch,
Eustis. H. E. Wood, State Adviser, Flor-
ida Association, F.F.A., presenting checks
for J. F. Bazemore, State Director, Chil-
ean Nitrate Educational Bureau, sponsor
of the Leadership Awards, to: Left to
right, C. A. Willis, LaBelle; Copeland
Criswold, Chumuckla; Bobby Woodward,
Quincy; H. F. Wiggins, 7r., Williams
SMemorial Chapter at Live Oak; Chester
Damron, Bradenton; and Bill Hester, De-
Land. Cushman Radebaugh, President
of the Florida Cattlemen's Association,
sponsors of the Beef Breeding Awards,
presented H. F. Wiggins, 7r., Williams
Memorial Chapter at Live Oak, ist place
winner, a check for $zoo to help purchase
a purebred cow or bull. Other winners
receiving checks for szo to help pay their
convention expenses, were: Billy Scott,
Fort Pierce; Larry Fagan, Jr., Deland; Eu-
gene Edenfield, Leon Chapter, (Tallahas-
see); & David Koon, Hernando (Brooks-
ville). Left to right, Atlee Davis, Bar-
tow Chapter, State Winner of the Farm
Mechanics Award; winner of $Soo from
the Future Farmers Foundation and $zoo
Savings Bond from the Florida Ford
Tractor Company; Tommy Stoutamire,
Bristol; Maynard Osborne, Fort Lauder-
dale; Lynn C. Rice, Apopka; Grady
Croft, Turkey Creek; Jerry Bedenbaugh.
Columbia Chapter at Lake City; and Wil-
bur Hendrix, Tate Chapter (Gonzalez).
fifth from left G. H. W. Schmidt, Vice-
President and General Manager of the
Forida Ford Tractor Company, presented
these awards.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951

trained by their Vocational Agriculture
Teacher and F.F.A. Chapter Adviser, Rex F.
Madison F.F.A. Chapter won the second
place award of $20; High Springs placed
third and won $15; Hernando (Brooksville)
Chapter won fourth place and received
$12.50; and Anthony and Clewiston placed
fifth and sixth respectively and won $10

Bankers Scholarship
FIVE SCHOLARSHIPS are awarded annually to
F.F.A. members receiving the State Farmer
Degree with outstanding leadership activities
and achievements in supervised farming'and
who plan to attend the University of Florida.
Senator Ray Carroll, Chairman of the Bank-
ers' Agricultural Committee presented the
scholarships this year to: Charley Kennedy,
Escambia Farms; John Waring, Madison;
Buddy Roberts, Bell; C. B. Gatch, Eustis; and
Atlee Davis, Bartow.

Florida Cattleman
MR. CUSHMAN RADEBAUGH, President of the
Florida Cattleman's Association, made the
presentation of the awards on behalf of his
organization on the Special Awards Pro-
gram at the State F.F.A. Convention in Day-
tona Beach, in recognition of achievements
in beef production.
Feeder Steer winners:
Tommy Rowand of the Williams Mem-
morial Chapter at Live Oak, received $1oo
to be used by him and his chapter adviser,
H. M. Folsom, in meeting expenses of their
trip to the National F.F.A. Convention in
Kansas City, Missouri. Tommy had fattened
out and shown three animals in the South-
eastern Fat Stock Show. His animals gained
2070 pounds-at an average cost of 28e a
Awards of $1o each went to Athanas Rus-
sakis of Fort Pierce; George Johnson, Pat
Woodward, Bobby Powell and Jimmy War-
ner, all of Quincy.
Beef Breeding winners:
H. F. Wiggins, Jr., Williams Memorial
F.F.A. Chapter at Live Oak, who in being
named the first place winner, became the
first member to ever win the Feeder Steer
and the Beef Breeding Award. He received
Sloo, to be applied to the purchase of a pure
bred animal of his choice. H. F. has a re-
gistered herd of Angus cattle consisting of
1 bull, 3 cows, 2 calves, 3 grade beef cows,
and 15 head of grade dairy-type animals. He
has a good feed crop program with 5 acres
of millet, io acres of corn, 6 acres of pangola,
and 4 acres of pensacola bahia grass for im-
proved pastures.
Other beef cattle breeding winners in-
clude Larry Fagan, Jr., of DeLand; Billy
Scott of Fort Pierce; David Koon, (Hernan
do) of Brooksville; Max Carr of Sarasota, an(i
Eugene Edenfield, (Leon) of Tallahassee.

Chilean Nitrate

THE CHILEAN Nitrate Educational Bureau
provides the top State Farmer from each
district, an award of $50.oo to help defray his

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951

Cushman Radebaugh, President of the Florida Cattlemen's Association, sponsors of
the Feeder Steer Awards, after presenting awards at the 23rd Annual State Convention,
June 18-22, 1951, in Daytona Beach. Torn Rowand, Williams Memorial Chapter at
Live Oak, extreme right, received a check for $zoo to help pay the expenses of him and
his teacher to the National Convention in October, 1951, at Kansas City, Mo. Other
winners who received checks for $io, left to right, Jerry Warner, Pat Woodward, Bobby
Powell, all from Quincy; Athanas Russakis, Fort Pierce; and George Johnson, Quincy.
SWV. H. Harmon, Field Representative, Southern Dairies Industries, extreme right, pre-
sented the Dairy Farming Awards. Left to right, Johnny R. Hey, Greenwood, Edward
Goodyear, Ocala; Buddy Sloan, Fort Pierce; Lloyd Harris, Bartow; 7oe Register,
Graceville, and Billy Gunter, Suwannee (Live Oak). Billy also received a Dairy Effi-
ciency plaque for being the top District Winner. Arlen Wetherington, Turkey Creek,
received a certificate and a $zoo check from the Future Farmer Foundation and a
Dairy Efficiency plaque from Southern Dairies Industries for being the State Win-
ner. Left to right, Ray Harrison, 7r., Delano Waters, Jackie Copeland, and Larry
Waters, members of the 1951 Florida State Champion Quartet from the Alachua
F.F.A. Chapter. Charles S. Trowbridge, Sales Representative, Butler Manufacturing
Company, presents a check for $ioo and a certificate from the Future Farmer Foun-
dation to 7. W. Jones of the Fort Pierce Chapter, for his chapter's Ist place winning
in the Farm Safety Award.

expenses to the National F.F.A. Convention
at Kansas City, Missouri.
The recipients of these $50.00 Awards were:
Copeland Griswold, Chumuckla; Bobby
Woodward, Quincy; H. F. Wiggins, Jr., Wil-
liams Memorial, Live Oak; Bill Hester, De-
Land; Chester Damron, Bradenton; and C.
A. Willis, LaBelle.
These boys were outstanding in Leader-
ship; Supervised Farming; Cooperation;
F.F.A. Activities; and Community Service.

Farm Mechanics
ATLEE DAVIS, Bartow F.F.A. Chapter, was
presented with $1oo from the Future Farmer
Foundation and a $100 Savings Bond from
the Florida Ford Tractor Company by Mr.
G. H. W. Schmidt, Vice-President and Gen-
eral Manager of the Florida Ford Tractor
District Winners received a $50 Savings
Bond from the Florida Ford Tractor Com-
pany and will receive a $25 Savings Bond
from the local Ford Tractor Company.
Other District Winners were: Wilbur Hen-
drix, Tate F.F.A. Chapter at Gonzalez; Tom-
my Stoutamire, Bristol F.F.A. Chapter;
Jerry Bedenbaugh, Columbia chapter at Lake

City; Lynn C. Rice, Apopka chapter; Grady
Croft, Turkey Creek chapter; and Maynard
Osborne, Fort Lauderdale F.F.A. Chapter.

Dairy Farming
ARLEN WETHERINGTON of the Turkey Creek
F.F.A. Chapter received the $ioo Future
Farmer Foundation Award and the top Dairy
Efficiency Plaque from Southern Dairies.
Billy Gunter, Suwannee F.F.A. Chapter at
Live Oak, received the top District Dairy
Efficiency Plaque and $25 from Southern
Joe Register, Graceville; John R.. Hey,
Greenwood; Edward Goodyear, Ocala; Lloyd
Harris, Bartow; and Buddy Sloan, Fort
Pierce, were the other district winners who
were presented $25 each by Mr. W. H. Har-
mon for Southern Dairies.

Farm Electrification
JOHNNY R. EUBANKS, Bristol F.F.A. Chapter,
received $1oo from the Future Farmers Foun-
dation for being the top boy in Farm Elec-
trification in the Florida F.F.A. Mr. Mc-
Gregor Smith, President of the Florida Power
and Light Company, made the presentation

When Fertilizer

Was a Fish in a Hill

Early in the history of America, settlers on the shores of
Massachusetts Bay labored to carve a new life from the raw wilder-
ness. Knowing little of soil cultivation and fertilization, their
agricultural endeavors would have been doomed to failure, per-
haps had it not been for a tribe of friendly Indians.

The helpful natives showed the settlers how an abundant-
crop could be obtained by planting their corn with a fish in each

The Indians, despite their primitive methods, knew the basic
principle of soil fertilization-the return to the soil of the depleted
properties of that soil.

Today, through scientific study, research and experimen-
tation, we know that different types of soil require different types
of fertilizer. Florida soils vary greatly in their fertilizer needs,
and X-CEL Fertilizers are produced to meet the specific require-
ments of Florida soil. X-CEL Fertilizers fit Florida!




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Sterling Silver ... 3.00 $ 3.50 $2.00
10K Gold........ 15.00 18.00 7.25
*Furnished in sizes only up to 9%
Prices subject to 20% Federal Tax and any State Tax in effect.
Green Hand, bronze. ............ .............. ........... .25c, no Fed. Tax
Future Farmer Degree, silver plate ....................28c, plus 20% Fed. Tax
Belt & Buckle, bronze or nickel finish ................... $2.25, no Federal Tax
Tie Holder, gold plate................................$1.40, plus 20% Fed. Tax
All above prices subject to change without notice, and any State Tax in effect.
Write for Catalog
ATTEBORO Official Jewelers for F.F.A. MASS.


tT r- ATION -w -

Johnny R. Eubanks, Bristol F.F.A. Chap-
ter, State Winner of the Farm Electrifi-
cation Award, receiving a certificate and
a $1oo check from the Future Farmer
Foundation. Mr. McGregor Smith, Pres-
ident, Florida Power and Light Company,
presented the award.

during the Special Awards Program.
Johnny was reared on a farm in Liberty
County where, at the age of 12, he put up
lights for his father's cane mill. From that
time on, most of his spare time was spent
doing some type of electrical work.
His father has been County Ranger for
over 17 years and this afforded him an op-
portunity to become familiar with radio and
telephone work. During last summer he was
employed to help construct 25 miles of tele-
phone lines.
Because of his interest in electricity, and
his natural ability to do this kind of work,
he has wired several houses for the neigh-
bors. He re-wired part of the High School
and any time any repairs have to be made,
he is called upon.

"Pass the Chicken,

Pappy" Awards
RESULTS ARE given below for the three high
chapters in each district in the F.F.A. "Pass
the Chicken, Pappy" Banquet Contest spon-
sored by Sears, Reobuck, and Company.
Awards were presented by Mr. C. A. West,
Manager of the Sears and Roebuck store in
Daytona Beach.
The chapters are listed below in order of
their placings. ($25, $15, and $io, respec-
District I-Escambia Farms; Poplar
Springs; Marianna;
District II-Sneads; Greensboro; Quincy;
District III-Suwannee (Live Oak); Co-
lumbia (Lake City); Trenton:
District IV-Eustis; Bushnell; Ocee;
District V-Bartow; Bradenton; Oneco;
District VI-Redland; Brahman (Okeecho-
bee) ; Homestead.

String Band, Quartet,

And Harmonica
THE LEON (Tallahassee) Chapter won the
String Band State Championship on Mon-
day night at the State Convention and play-
ed for a radio broadcast, Kiwanis Program,
and the Bandshell Program on Wednesday
The band, composed of Eugene Edenfield,
(Continued on page 12)

Y2l '-L .
rr,7 : '7~.'

Florida Future Farmers

1950-1951 Are Given
by H. E. Woon, State Adviser

-- TnE AST year has been a banner year
S for the Florida F.F.A. Association and
its members. During the past year, five
--. new chapters were added, or re-establish-
ed; one discontinued; and thirty-two
new advisers were employed. With over
S 7,500 members, an increase of 559 over
last year's membership, the Florida
S Association will be entitled to eight
American Farmers this year.
Chapter members throughout the State
participated in many events, including
tours of other States, Experiment Station
;. farms, and visits to other Chapters.
Six members received the American
Farmer Degree. Four members played
S in the National F.F.A. Band, and three
S members sang in the National Chorus.
k.f Melvin Kilpatrick of the Baker Chap-
ter won the Tri-State Public Speaking
'k-: Contest and placed third in the Southern
Regional. The State Champion String
Band from Quincy appeared on the
..National Talent Show in Kansas City.
The Trenton and Allentown Chapters
received the National Gold and Bronze
eating respectively. Clarence Gulsby,
Tate Chapter, received the Southern Re-
_V' giona Farm Mechanics Award; Forrest
'Davis, Jr., Quincy, received the Star
F "'armer of America Award; and his
brother Hal Davis was elected the
,.; a .ttonal and Vice President of the F.F.A.
flerbert E. Brown, Adviser of he
Trenton Chapter, and Forrest Davis, Sr.,
t her of Forrest Davis, Star Farmer of
SS"' laerica, received the Honorary Ameri-
"." cm. Farmer Degree. Forrest's mother
was given a Certificate of Merit by the
National F.F.A. Organization-
The Annual. Future Farmer Forestry
SCamp was held at Camp O'Leno, with
-t over soo members attending.
The State Oficers held their first
-ExeItdu ve Meeting and received leader-
... ship training at Daytona Beach as guests
of the Chamber of Commerce. Donald
Burch and L C. Vaughn, past presidents
Sof the State Association, and John E.
S. Baldwin, Pazton Chapter Adviser, attend-
ed the American Youth Foundation
,. Camp at Camp Miniwanca, in Michigan.
SOver 1a5 members and friends went. to
S the National Convention in Kansas City,
:- in private cars and by chartered bus, to
Ssee Florida receive National Honors.
Nation-wide recognition was given to
the State F.F.A. Association in that the
S.State Adviser' was selected by the Ameri-
t-,..:an Porestry Association to receive a
N-:. Sationad Award for the achievements by

30 WeldV a Fataw Farmer for July, 1951
,-j, "

the Florida Future Farmers in conservi-
tion of forests, soil and water. This re-
flects great credit also upon the Seaboard
Air Line Railroad Industrial Forester, the
State -orestry Department, the Chapter
Advisers, District Advisers, and the
various agencies who so generously co-
operated with the Future Farmers in
the good work that they have done.
The Bartow Chapter Judging Team
won two Bronze Emblems, and the
members won two Silver and two Bronze
Emblems and five Honorable Mentions
at the American Royal Livestock Show in
Kansas City, Missouri. The Tavares
Chapter team judged Dairy Cattle and
Dairy Products at Waterloo, Iowa, and
brought home both a Silver and a Bronze
Emblem, and three Silver and two Bronze
Emblems for the individual honors.
Herbert Hawthorne, past president of
the Tavares Chapter, became the first
Future Farmer to win the $1,ooo Florida
Farm Bureau Scholarship which is
financed by the Winn-Lovett Company.
The DeEand Chapter and the Baldwin
Chapter were each presented with land
use permits by Thomas D. Bailey. These
permits were for 4oo and 0oo acres respec-
tively, and were of State School owned
land to establish forestry and general
farming demapi9rtion projects.
The Fqidiv Wildlife magazine spon-
sored a subscrpti4f drive with the Future
Tarmers t ft qeii from which the mem-
bers received about $1eooo in prizes.
On exhibit at the Florida State Fair,
the Future Fatnmer had over ioo animals.
The Early and Daniels Company furnish-
ed the "Tuxedo" feed without cost,
through the courtesy of their State Agent,
Mr. Beatty of Orlando. Lawrence Croft,
Williams Memorial Chapter at Live Oak,
won the registered heifer awarded by the
Florida Hereford Breeders Association.
The Alachua Chapter placed first and
the Ocala second la the Livestock Judg-
ing and rin represent the State in
National Judging respectively In Kansas
City, Missouri, and Waterloo, Iowa, in
October, 1951,
At the Livestock Shows, the Future
Farmers continued their winning ways.
At the West Florida Livestock Show,
George Johnson, Quincy Chapter, and
Edwin Dean, Greensboro Chapter, ex-
hibited the Grand Champion Hereford
steer and the Reserve Champion Here-
ford steer respectively. George won the
Showmanship Contest and also the $too
Mayo Scholarship. The Quincy team

won the Judging Contest. At the
Southeastern Fat Stock Show, Tom
Rowand, Williams Memorial Chapter
at Live Oak, was awarded-the $1oo Mayo
Scholarship for his fitting and showing
of animals and [or his entire supervised
farming program. The Lake Placid
Chapter won the Livestock Judging Con-
The Fort Pierce Chapter sponsored
a very successful Livestock Show and
Sale of registered breeding stock and fat
steers. The Pahokee Chapter won the
Livestock Judging at the Fort Pierce
Show and also at the Southeast Livestock
Show held in Belle Glade. The Bartow
Chapter team won the Judging Contest
in the Imperial Brahman Show.
The Chapters in Hillsborough and
Polk Counties participated in outstand-
ing Youth Fairs at Plant City and at
Bartow. Jack Henderson, Fort Meade
Chapter, exhibited the Grand Champion
steer, and Atlee Davis, Barrow Chapter,
won the Tractor-Driving Contest at
Bartow. The Hillsborough County Chap-
ters had outstanding exhibits at Plant
The Trenton Chapter was chosen_by
the Florida Council of Farmer Coopera-
tives at their annual meeting in Lake
Wales, to represent Florida in the
National Contest, sponsored by the
American Institute of Cooperation.
In 1950, fifteen Chapters received re-
placement bulls from the Sears and
Roebuck Foundation, and in 1951, $,,ooo
was budgeted by the Sears and Roebuck
Company to purchase twenty- gilts in a
Swine Improvement Program in West
Billy Gunter, Suwannee Chapter at
Live Oak, won sixth prize in the Swift
Essay Contest. Donald Plunket, State
ist Vice President, served as delegate to
the Governor's Highway Safety Confer-
ence. Lehman Fletcher, State and Vice
President, was a member of the Freshman
Debating Team at the University of
Our Vocational Agriculture workers
and Future Farmers wish to express their
sincere appreciation for the most excel-
lent cooperation and assistance that they
have received from parents, state offi-
cials, educational personnel, school
patrons, Florida Fair Association and
Florida Chain Store Council, stockmen
and farmers, bankers, and businessmen
throughout Florida.

* C--

t*"' T ^ *.*

: \^>

A Record to
Hf sNROLUm in Vocational Agri
delegate for three years, Cbapter
delegate Forestry Trainifg for
three years, Public Speakil for
Vice President of Chapter; Win
Feeder Contests Winner ( a -1
for two years, Reserve Grand C
ship winner at Ocala for three
Swine Show for one year. Memb
Star Farmer in 1951. Junior me
Florida Aberdeen-Angus Breeder
baseball teams. Is active church


*, -,1 .. .. *. I' .'--.,- ...,, .." .* '* *' L, *:r ir ~...t ..... ,- : '-. *t. .. j' .l


ft :



ihe Futu


i o advertisement paid for by the"
_H ,a Fe I


S: ;bleon. of the value of the Future
Let's Company
I. Garner
H. F. Wiggins, Jr. ndd Co.
with cattle grown in J 2J LaMz. Agi.
Suwannee County. | Feed Company

h ... Seaboard Oil Co.
lture in 1947 and has been State Convention Chapter Co a n Dist
* delegate National Conventio for one year, Chapt anne Warehouse Co.
Syear. Was on Parliamentary Procedure Team for. p f
.three years. Record of Office inudes President and
er County Corn Contest for three years. Breeder and -' ,' ; b easCafe
SSShowed Grand Champion FFA steer at Ocala
ampion FFA steer at Ocalaor two years Showman- M tual Exchange
years, and Showmanship winnt at Stwannee Valley I r ..',Mul,
er Chapter Judging team for three years and Chapter ', Inc.
mber National Duroc Breeders' Association, member
.s' Association, and member high school football and ''". Jjo q Bank Inc.
worker and president of Methodist Youth Fellowship., ,' ',

0 *


re Farmers of lorida

and the New 1951

Fr State Farmer

Wiggins, Jr., of Live Oak

Williams Memorial Chapter

following public spirited Suwannee County individuals and businesses
Farmers to this area:

Farmers Tobacco
Warehouses 1 & 2
Big Independent Whs. 1 & 2
Big Brick Whs. 1 & 2
Commercial Bank of
Live Oak
Arlie K. Townsend, Insurance
Gulf Oil Corp.
L. J. DAY, Distributor, Inc.
Home Hardware & Furn. Co.
CnARLEs GaRN, Mgr.
Glass Motor Co.


Ottis Brown Tractor &
Implement Co.
Eagle Dept. Store
The First National Bank
of Live Oak
Home Pharmacy


Grantham Chevrolet Co., Inc.
Seward Fleet Dept. Store
Farmers Hardware
Mizell & Cannon Bros.
Huffman & Gilmore

' *' ' ^11

The Fmlorida Futr Famer for July, 1951 : -.' ,-;.', Tbu la Fataie Former for July, 1951

,t~ak$,ML~.M^~fl NA. it ... ..,.- ,- .-. .
> : ~....... : S J :'
,- :, ,,./ ,. : :. ,. .-,,, ; .,.: .

annual Suwannee Valley Breeder and Fat Hog Show

at Live Oak, September 17,18,19, 20

. *' 1 ,



---- -- ------ ----- I



ON THURSDAY night, June ax, 1951, at
the State Convention of the Florida
Association, F.FA., the members honored
rinlividuals who have rendered outstand-
ing service to the organization, and
awarded them the Honorary State Farmer
Degree. Those honored were, seated,
-Raymond H. Cartledge, Cottondale,
President, Cartledge Fertilizer Company;
D. E. Ryals, Teacher of Vocational Agri-
culture,. Altha; Willard M. Fifield,
Gainesville, Director, Agricultural Ex-
periment Station, University of Florida;
John Fuqua, Altha. Father of Don
Fuqua; Dr. Joseph B. White, Gainesville,
Dean, College of Education, University
of Florida; Charles R. Hale, Daytona
Beach, Director, Mary Karl Vocational

- -

;Ir'.~- ).~ '

in his supervised 1 1.au4 pgram.
Frank Taylor; of -tBC 'aGer FJ.A. Chap,
ter, was second pace 'wnOrr in the SAL
Forestry Contest, and rttcid zo.o. He
also has a wellrodf program, similar to
Billy's. He has 75 ,a'crv farm woodlot,
1.ooo turpentine faces,.tri&i'wielded 2s bar-

rels of gum valued at $W.a A
Frank has raised at ahe Laoo cups a td W lns Award ,
uses aluminum nal l tboheld them up. He
sold 35 units of pitllpvwO for $425;I 'o T=S B C rew a Scrapbooks are becmaig
fence posts for $51r-5 and has used a units .lul records of news iLems, ktm .
of fuel wood at home. He emsol-burned:. qtipmaei pictures of members' proe;
3o acres; pruned one atre; il plowed oan adid o~hie chapter activities.
mile of firelines. Fe received $4a.os5 for State ~ inner was Quincy F.FA. Caa"
saw-logs, and used the barkchipping method sa 'They received a cash award of 'a
in gum farming. fro e State Association and aPttfW-
Wyatt Revell, of the lJsial F-FA. Chap wnn were as foIleo ,
ter, won third place in this Contest and, ~ Dia riest i--Vernon: Disstrict II-o
presented with 51.9P. He.als received his
State Farmer Degree at this.year's Stce Con- istr I-Live Oak; District -4h.
vendton. L.ad: District V-Bartow. Each
Wyatt works 2pao tfae es which hr winner received a $io.oo check fnro ,
received 5 barels of gsm, vt aed at St8as. State Association.

The FlorMi Fasue PaenwCr for i* ,.
r.enti,. fak-."l but
.. .. : : .. -..... _21 P

School; Standing, Rex. i Tiolr, Mari.
anna, Teacher of Vocationa) Agriculture:
G. H. W. Scianidt, JaioavI&. Vice
President and General M Waige. o the
Florida Ford Tractor Coap y; C, L.
Lacy, Jacksonville, AustantD Division
Manager, Standard 01i' Company; Dr.
C. V. Noble, Gainewsll, Dean, College
of Agriculture, Univeasity of Florida;
Desmond M. Bishop, Qaincy, Teacher of
Vocational Agriculture: Ed Henderson,
Tallahassee, Execudive S.retary-Treas-
urer, Florida Education Association;
Eugene Rabon, Gainesvile, Field Super-
visor of Instrunctiorn tate Department of
Education; Eugene A ~crn Sr., Barrow,
Cattleman; and J. .It GWn, Kissimmee,
(not shown in picture) Secretary, FSCA.

Seaboard Airline RR Forestry winners

Bn.Lv FISH, Vice-president of the Taylor
F.F.A: Chapter, was selected to receive the
top award in the 195o-51 Forestry Contest
sponsored by the Seaboard. Air Line Railroad
Company. As his award, Billy and his
teacher, Mr. Fred Shaw, have their expenses
paid to the National FFA Convention. Billy
has attended the State FFA Convention, and
the State Forestry Camp. He has 80 acres
of farm woodlot on which he gum-farms,
having 25oo faces. This operation yielded
46 1/ barrels of gum, with a value of
S $19625o. In marking and thinning, he ob-
lained 15 units of fuel wood; and 1in z/a
units of pulpwood, which he sold for
S $6g9oo; also, 60 fence posts which brought
Young Fish control-burned 5 acres, com-
mercially thinned 4 acres, raked around
goo trees, sold saw logs valued at $145.oo.
and used the bark-acid method in'chipping
his pines. In addition to his gum farming
operations, Billy has 5 acres of corn and
peanuts, r6 cows, 7 hog and I acre of peas.

.4 i:

Honorary State Farmers

Degree Award Given

He gathered one-bal poud of pone wti '
planted a 5' x 8' pine seed-bed;-planted-(6'0
pine seedlings; and marked trees o) th-
ned at a later date. He obtai ed4a~eja
posu, valued at t$4S.o. and fpR
.Iel wood by constercially .a ,,
aTares. He raked around sroo taeel,
$o0 worth of saw-logs.
Wa~tye Bush, of the Vernon T.A. Chiap
ter; received $ oao for-winnih foufO place
4if'Ae. SAL Contest. "-
SHie is getting a good start in fii wor0t
aP -his .o-acre woodlot, using the birt chip-
ping method, on isoo (aces which yielded-
3 barrelsof gum with a value of $86.75. He
als' planted 4 acres of pine seedlings.
Wayne raised 8oo cups this year, and uses
aluminum nails. He control-burned qo acres,
pruned one acre, and plowed one mile of .
firelines. Fivle acres of corn and peanuts.
4 acres of cotton, and 4 dairy cows, round
out Wayne's supervised farming program. .

Foundation Awards
(CoMinued from page 8)
Robert Jett, Buddy Jacobs, Paul Meaer, mad
E. T. Evans, received the $25 first place awart
and the Stlte Pennant. The Kathlfeei lk '.
String Band wasl.seond with a prize of 4; '.:
Vernon thirE with a prize of Iio; and Chit':
land, St. Auguasie. and MiamisEdisoawe b /
fourth, ffth, and-m.aith .respectively, with. V. '-:,
prize of $5 each.
The Alachbl Chapter Quartet won thI
State Cls i tPeanst and $aU. : o ,
Tuesday night appeared on the Ban 4 .
shell Progrhm and the Special Awards Prof 7.)
gram. .
The Quartet moisted d Jaddie Copelati4
Delano Waters, Lrry Waters, and Ray NW', .
The Q(incy Quartet was seond and won .
apre of4 f. Vimatna won $mo or dijtd' i.
plte awd fPhbree. and Umitilla won fMtith :.
and fifth lace respectively and w ''on .::
Bi65y tiawardot the Sebrttn a ,
aCosCs raflrdtoaaaa e Stae -h'e
na~i. 1m Ji ,ae; Rann CnLpapt at
Okmcho b4 W#_a fleaSi&V pd* and rtcevedd'0.,
LU-de S (O*dMcirat of Walton (D.-
NFv 'ak4fi- :e) apter won athd ad 'rt-.
e .'. ~aa Esndernon, Quincy Jackmw
aW. t. Atutisne; and Edward Clatq
of,' Lafairte (Wiarer Garden) Chapte-r
pl~ci n e, and sit, respe~ i've
Ei s .- ne 4 ..

World, and Coast Guard Reserve.
Besides being active in his local F.F.A.
chapter and other organizations in the
school, he found time to produce 5
acres of rye and oats, 1 acre of millet,
and i acre of corn for feed. His other
productive projects included 1 acre of
strawberries, i acre of peppers, and 2
Safety measures were practiced by him
in keeping equipment and stalls cleaned

Mr. Theo Datson, President of the Flor-
ida Dairy Industries, presents Arlen
Wetherington, Turkey Creek, the Florida
Dairy Industries Rotating Cup. Wether-
ington has received the cup for the sec-
ond straight year. He showed the Cham-
pion F.F.A. Dairy Guernsey cow and won
several other places at the Florida State
Fair in Tampa.


Is Florida Star

Dairy Farmer

F.F.A. Chapter, was acclaimed the Star
Dairy Farmer of Florida for the past
He owns 5 registered Guernseys, valued
at over $1,600 and 11 head in partner-
ship, with his share being worth over
$700. He refused to sell one of his
young heifers for $700.
He has learned to operate and use a
milking machine, cream separator, bot-
tling machine, areator, pasteurizer, hom-
Arlen cleared 20 acres of land, planted
15 acres of grass and clover, constructed
a i-acre fish pond, built one-half mile of
new fence, and used manure for fertil-
izer on the pasture.
His winnings for showing animals to-
taled over $400 from the Junior Agri-
culture Show in Plant City (Grand
Champion and Reserve, Ist place in
Showmanship and Grooming); West
Coast Dairy Show (Champion Guernsey
heifer); Florida State Fair (Grand Cham-
pion F.F.A. heifer, Junior Champion,
open class, and Champion F.F.A. Guern-
sey and ist open class). Judging-top
scorer in Junior Agriculture Fair for
two years and Ist place in West Coast
Dairy Show. District winner, $25, and
a Dairy Efficiency plaque from National
Dairies through Southern Dairies last
year and the Florida Dairy Industries ro-
tating cup the last two years.
Arlen is a member of the Guernsey Cat-
tle Club; Florida Dairy Industry Asso-
ciation; Hillsborough County Cattle-
men's Association; Woodman of the

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951

and disinfected, vaccinating and testing
for T.B., Bang's, Black Leg, and Ship-
ping Fever, providing good equipment in
moving stock, and removing poison weeds
from pasture and preventing wire clips
and tags from getting into feed.

MORE THAN four million dairy cows in
nearly half a million herds are now in
articifial breeding associations in the
United States.

promising Florida Industry .

Florida now ranks 12th in the nation and 3rd east of the Mississippi in the
production of Beef Cattle. Yet, in the past, of the actual fat or "finished" cattle con-
sumed in Florida, about 90% are imported from other states!
The by-products of the citrus industry-citrus molasses, citrus pulp, the corn
and hay grown in North Florida and South Georgia along with the cotton seed or soy
bean meal produced in Florida and Georgia, offer the perfect raw material in abun-
dance for a large scale cattle feeding industry in Florida. Between 7,500 and 10,000
head were fattened and marketed in Florida during 1951.

Expansion of this industry would create a home market for some of the cattle
produced in Florida which are the right type for feeders. The farmers and growers
would find an expanded market for their products and new jobs would be created for
many people.
Truly, cattle feeding is a strong new link in the ever lengthening chain of Flor-
ida's sound economic progress.

This advertisement prepared in the interest of the Cattle Feeding and Fattening Industry in Florida
by the


97 Receive State Farmer Degree at Convention
THE STvrE Farmer Degree was conferred upon 97 members of the Florida Association at the
state Convention. Winners, with chapter, age, years in vocational agriculture, and labor income
earned from productive enterprises are as follows:


Sonny Van Axelson
John Lewis Jones
Dale McCreless
Lloyd Singletary
Milton Trawick
Lee Gunter
Cleveland Brooks
Lamar Steele
Billy Gilbert
Colbert W. Campbell
Copeland Griswold
Hope Bryan Melvin
Charley Kennedy
Charles Edward Odom
Davis Taylor
Huston Shell
William Blocker
Earl M. Jeffres
Earl Carroll
Wilton Miller
Hileary Geoghagan
Billy Jackson
Alto Straughn
Lloyd Benton
Harry W. Reamer
Wayne Bush
W. A. Gallowav
George W. Kolmetz

Johnny Eubanks
John E. Fairchild
Wyatt Revell
Thomas Stoutamire
Dalton Cannon
Edwin Dean
Marcus Edwards
Richard W. Cunningham
Eugene Edenfield
William E. Jacobs, Jr.
Burl Tolar
John L. Waring
Eugene Bland
Earl Brady
Sonny Burke
Harry Howell
James Johnson
Bobby Woodward

J. Ercell Hamilton
Thomas B. Hamilton
Jerry H. Bedenbaugh
Gibbs Roland
Ralph C. Tyre
Leamon E. Howell
Frank Colson
Jerry F. Douglas
Curtis B. Sheppard
H. F. Wiggins, Jr.
Buddy Roberts
James W. Cannon
Jimmie A. Sheppard
Otto Thomas
Alvin Hogan
Larry Fagan
Bill Hester
Carson B. Gatch
John E. Odom
James F. Godwin
Lonnie J. Stokes
Royce Locke
Wayne Smith

Atlee W. Davis
Billy Martin
Chester H. Damron
Jerry Shafer
Almyr Rooks
David Koon
Doyle Amstead Allred
Robert Riley Combee
Moi Monroe Fussell
Foster Ray Higgins
Charles D. Stidham
Max Carr
Barry Vincent Coleman
Ralton Veach Albritton
Charles L. Shackleford
Marion Glenn Sumner
Gene Mindedahl

Gary Abston
James Wilbur Law
Richard A. Bernheimer
Calvin A. Willis
Wallace Herman Spooner
Hugh Van Arsdall
Ernest M. Collins, Jr.
William Burger
Gordon Gandy
Joseph Alto Allison
Cornelius R. Vinkemulder

Chapter Age
Allentowni 18
Allentown 19
Allentown 18
Allentown 20
Allentown 18
Allentown 19
Baker 16
Baker 16
Chipley 17
Chumuckla 17
Chumuckla 19
Cottondale 18
Escambia Farms 17
Graceville 19
Graceville 18
Jay 17
Laurel Hill 16
Laurel Hill 17
Marianna 17
Marianna 17
Paxton 16
Paxton 201
Paxton 16
Ponce de Leon 17
Tate (Gonzalez) 16
Vernon 16
Vernon 17
Vernon 16
Bristol 18
Bristol 17
Bristol 17
Bristol 17
Grand Ridge 17
Greensboro 17
Greensboro 16
Jennings 17
Leon 16
Leon 18
Madison 20
Madison 17
Pinetta 18
Quincy 17
Quincy 18
Quincy 18
Quincy 17
Quincv 17
(Starke) Bradford 19
(Starke) Bradford 19
Columbia (Lake City) 17
Newberry 17
Bill Sheely (Lake City) 17
Suwannee (Live Oak) 17
Trenton 18
Trenton 17
Trenton 18
J. Williams (Live Oak) 17
Bell 18
Bell 17
Bell 19
Bell 18
Chiefland 16
DeLand 17
DeLand 18
Eustis 17
Groveland 18
Reddick 16
Reddick 17
Webster 17
Webster 16
Bartow 18
Bartow 15
Bradenton 16
Bradenton 16
Citrus (Inverness) 17
Hernando (Brooksville) 18
Kathleen 18
Kathleen 18
Kathleen 17
Kathleen 17
Lake Placid 16
Sarasota 17
Sarasota 17
Wauchula 16
Wauchula 17
Wimauma 18
Plant City 18
Fort Pierce 16
Fort Pierce 16
Fort Myers 17
LaBelle 19
LaBelle 16
Miami-Edison 16
Miami-Edison 19
Miami-Jackson 17
Miami-Jackson 19
Pompano 19

carned ~ L C f m r u ve e is r so w

Voc. Ag.






Labor Income

$ 913.29


$ 475.90

$ 513.60


Rogers Receives

Special Award

DURING THE Special Awards Program at
the State Convention, Lehman Fletcher,
2nd Vice-President, on behalf of the
Future Farmers in the State of Florida,
presented a plaque to Professor Frazier
Rogers, Head of the Agricultural Engi-
neering Department at the University of
Florida, as an expression of their deep ap-
preciation for his loyalty and coopera-
Professor Rogers has served as Chair-
man of the Judges in the State Parliamen-
tary Procedure Contest since it wa3
started in 1938. He taught Parliamen-
tary Procedure at the University for 15
years, at the request of the Vocational Ag-
riculture teachers. He has been ready
and willing to help officers and advisers
of the Future Farmers improve their par-
liamentary procedure whenever his help
has been requested.
His hearty cooperation and inspiring
counsel and brilliant direction are an in-
tegral part of the warm fellowship the
Florida Association proudly retains for
this honorary member whose service
and example represent the best of its

Wildwood Wins

Softball Championship

WILDWOOD WON the State Softball Champ-
ionship from Graceville, 14-4, on the first
day of the State. Convention in Daytona
Beach. The members of the winning
team, under the tutelage of Adviser C. A.
Strickland, were: J. Watson, Donald
Nichels, Royce Williams, H. D. Floyd,
Lamont McKinney, Phillip Fore, Bobby
Register, Herley Nichels, G. Floyd, Sam-
my Phillips, Grady Potter, Wayne Strick-
land, Bobby Caruathers, and Bill Studer.
Calhoun Richardson and Perry Juck-
nath won the doubles championship in
horseshoe pitching for Wauchula.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951

Maynard Osborne, President of the Fort
Lauderdale Chapter, and Joe Allison,
President of the Pompano Chapter, pre-
sent Mr. G. C. Norman with checks for
$250 from each chapter for the 7. F. Wil-
liams Memorial Scholarship Fund. M. O.
Worthington, adviser of both chapters
observes presentation.

Money Needed for

Memorial Fund

IN DECEMBER, 1945, Mr. J. F. Williams, Jr.,
State Supervisor, Agricultural Education,
and State Adviser of the Florida Associa-
tion, Future Farmers of America, passed
on to his final reward, after having serv-
ed in this capacity for 18 years.
The State Superintendent, Mr. Colin
English, appointed Mr. H. E. Wood to
fill these positions. During the follow-
ing summer, a committee was appointed
by Mr. Wood to work out a plan for de-
veloping some suitable memorial in mem-
ory of Mr. Williams. This committee de-
cided that the best thing to do would be
to start a memorial fund. Mr. G. C.
Norman was appointed as chairman.
The committee has finally devised a
plan whereby the contributions to the
memorial fund would be wisely and safely
invested and the interest accruing from
the principal would be given to some
worthy boy at the University of Florida
who was preparing himself to become a
teacher of vocational agriculture and ad-
viser to a local chapter of Future Farmers
of America. This boy was to be selected
by the State Adviser of Future Farmers
of America and the teacher-training de-
Last year the first scholarship was
awarded to J. G. Williams from Grace-
ville, Florida, who graduated in June.
It is hoped that the advisers of local
chapters and the chapter program com-
mittees will get behind this worthy cause
and increase the principal to such an
amount that the scholarship will be a sub-
stantial part of the cost of the recipient
in attending the University of Florida in
pursuing his work leading to a degree in
Agricultural Education. This year at the
Future Farmer Convention, the Fort Lau-
derdale and Pompano Chapters contrib-
uted $250 each to this fund.


THE familiar STANDARD OIL sign has been a
consistently reliable guide-post to three genera-
tions of Southern motorists ... telling them that
here they will find dependable products and
services, and the conveniences that add to motor-
ing pleasure.
It is a sign motorists have confidence in. That
this confidence has been justified is shown by
the fact that Standard Oil products continue to
be first in popularity after 65 years of service.

(K E N T U C K Y)

we can do
to assist you
with your


AND MANAGED & Trust Companq
Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporltior
Member Federal Reserye System

Atlee Davis Is Star Farm

Mechanics Award Winner

This picture was made in front of the
State Farm Bureau Building, Winter Park.
It shows Future Farmers from Sarasota
presenting plants to K. C. Moore for the
building grounds.

Plants Donated

To Farm Bureau
CLEVELAND WARREN, President, and Max
Carr, Secretary of the Sarasota F.F.A.
Chapter, presented Mr. K. C. Moore who
is in charge of the beautification program
of the new State Farm Bureau headquar-
ters with a truckload of plants and shrubs
which had been grown on the chapter's
experimental grounds near Sarasota. The
gift included 2o crotons; to surinam
cherries; 2 bouqainvillas; 50 azaleas; lo
cocos plumosa palms; 5 malelucca trees,
and 5 ixorias. The chapter nursery has
been very successful as a money raising

Vets Enjoy Rock

Springs Party

THE WEST Orange Veterans' Club en-
joyed a meeting and picnic at Rock
Springs Thursday, June 21. Approxi-
mately 115 persons, including members
and their families, enjoyed barbecued
pork ribs, potato salad, corn-on-the-cob,
watermelon, and a variety of desserts.
Club members Jack Lowry and Richard
Ivy barbecued the pork ribs, for the
Carol F. Dennis, new veterans agricul-
ture teacher at Ocoee, showed a movie
for the entertainment of the group.
Special guests were Principal and Mrs.
Carroll Terry and son and Mr. and Mrs.
Elmer Badger.
The veterans' Club is an out growth of
the regular veterans farm training class.
The club has elected officers who meet on
Monday nights in the Agricultural Build-
ing at Ocoee High School. Dues are
$1.oo monthly.

by ATLEE DAVIS, Bartow F.F.A. Chapter
AT THE beginning of the first semester in
September, 1948, being interested in
agriculture, I enrolled in the freshman
class at Bartow High School under the
direction of Mr. R. B. O'Berry. With his
instruction and personal advice, I be-
came interested in farm mechanics.
In my freshman year I carried 2 head
of hogs and fifty head of poultry as my
projects. To carry on these projects, I
found it necessary to build feed troughs,
brooders, and water fountains in the farm
shop. It was during this first year that
I learned to weld, braze, solder, and to
make many things in connection with the
operation ol my father's six-hundred acre
Perhaps I tried harder because of my
wish to learn better farm shop practices
and because of my love for agriculture
and my desire to make farm jobs easier.
My second year I carried beef cattle
as my project. Realizing the need for
something in which to carry these cattle,
I constructed a two-wheel cattle trailer.
With a greater knowledge of farm ma-
chinery and farm mechanics, it became
easier for me to do jobs like working on
tractor engines, filling hydraulic lifts, and
wiring motors, which heretofore had to
be taken to a garage to be done.
During the summer, with much more
time to spend in the shop, I constructed a
small farm shop on the farm, doing all
the wiring and plumbing for the shop
and home. I also constructed a stump
puller and with my father built a com-
plete saw mill, valued at approximately
By the beginning of my third year in
agriculture, my knowledge of engines and
the use of farm machinery was large
enough that I could do most of the jobs
without assistance from others. For ex-
ample, I rebuilt two tractor engines, made
a portable saw mill, rebuilt much of our
farm machinery, made needed repairs on
our windmill, wired the farm home and
installed electric lights, learned to operate
a D7 diesel, set plow bottoms, built im-
plement carriers, and many other things.
I felt that to be successful in farming,
I should parallel my activities with the
knowledge of other phases of agriculture.
One of my activities was livestock judging
through which I was fortunate to be able
to attend the American Royal in Kansas
City. On this trip I learned how to oper-
ate different machinery such as corn
breakers, terracing machinery, and many
others which heretofore I had never seen.
With the training and experience that

I have gained in farm mechanics and
equipment, I feel that I shall be better
able to make a success of my farm op1-r-

Gunter Wins Public

Speaking Contest
SPEAKING ON "Education and Action-
Our Keys to Survival" Billy Gunter,
Suwannee F.F.A. Chapter at Live Oak,
was awarded First place in the State
Public Speaking Contest.
He will represent Florida in the Tri-
State Contest to be held at Auburn, Ala-
bama, August 2, 1951. He received a
check for $1oo.oo from the Future Farmer
Foundation and his chapter received the
State Champion pennant from the Flori-
da F.F.A. Association.
Contestants at the State Convention
had previously won in their Chapter,
Sub-District, and District Public Speaking
Contests. Each participant must write
a speech of his own choosing and answer
questions asked by the judges.
The other contestant spoke on the
following subjects: Bobby Woodward,
Quincy--"Soil, the Backbone of our
Nation"; James Godwin, Reddick-"Soil
Fertility in the Nation's Future"; Barry
Coleman, Sarasota-"The Time is Now
or Never"; Wilton Miller, Marianna-
"Forestry and the South's Economy"; and
Billy Nail, Clewiston-"Conservation in
the Everglades".

Wiggins Chosen
(Continued from page 5)
and he expects two more this summer.
He has also expanded his dairy pro-
ject since he started in his fourth year.
He has purchased and started nine grade
dairy calves this year. This gives him a
total of 18 dairy cows and heifers. He
plans to breed these to his Angus bull
and raise beef as well as have nurse cows
for show steers or raising more dairy
His labor income for the four years in
Vocational Agriculture, with only his
show steers from fourth year program in-
cluded, is $8,084.20. His net worth,
calculated at the time of making applica-
tion for the State Farmer Degree, was
He has served his chapter both as
president and vice-president.
H. F. has been an active church worker
his entire four years in High School and
is President of the Methodist Youth Fel-
lowship of his community at present.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951

Quincy, As Chapter Contest Winner,

Accomplishes Much in 1950-1951

THE CHAPTER adopted a program of work
which included "ways and means" of
reaching the "goals" set for the year.
In the Supervised Farming division, the
members averaged 3.03 productive pro-
jects, 5.4 improvement projects, 9.7 sup-
plemental farm jobs, and 17 farm skills,
each. Eighty-five percent of the members
had a balanced farming program and ioo
percent took pictures of their projects.
Under the Cooperative Activities di-
vision, 1oo percent of the members par-
ticipated in the chapter's productive pro-
jects, buying activities, and helped other
members who needed assistance in their
productive projects, for a total of $3,104.
$7,557.24 was spent by 1oo percent of the
members cooperatively for a truck, trac-
tor and equipment, fertilizer, seed, feed,
animals and supplies.
The chapter received $10,452.19 for
corn, vegetables, animals, poultry, and
supplies sold. They produced 50 acre?
of corn, 6 acres of lupine, 3 gilts for pig
chains, a chapter steer, o1 acres of oats,
200 fryers, 35 hogs, 2 acres of vegetables,
and kept a chapter bull.
In carrying out the many Community
services in their program of work, the
boys made surveys on rat education,
farm safety, housing and storage facil-
ities, farm machinery and equipment,
and the boy's home farm.
The following demonstrations of im-
proved farming practices were carried
out by the Chapter:
Use of hybrid seed corn; improved
methods of fertilization; growing winter
cover crops; improved potato varieties;
control of budworms and other insects;
planting Coastal Bermuda and Bahia
grass, and Lespedeza; improved pastures;
use of purebred sires in cattle breeding;
testing cattle for T.B., Bang's and Mas-
titis; dehorning cattle; buying heavy
breeds of poultry; culling and vaccinat-
ing poultry; improved laying flocks and
fryer production; candling and grading
of eggs; purebred hog improvement pro-
gram; livestock loss prevention; and im-
proving farm homes by painting, etc.
Conservation of resources by the chap-
ter included preservation of fruits, meats
and vegetables. 60 acres of soil were
drained, 210 acres irrigated, and 1454
acres were terraced.
Some of the other community services
rendered by the chapter included:
Conservation of 384 tons of manure;
planting 20 acres of slash pine; contour
plowing on 15 farms; community beauti-
fication through 760 member hours spent
in work on school grounds, setting out
plants, etc.; participation in health im-

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951

provement programs; special assistance
to to needy families; and 12 chapter dis-
plays in State, County, etc.
Leadership activities included reaching
the State level in 10 F. F. A. Contests
with three ist place winners, two 2nd,
three 3rd, and one 4th and one 6th place
winner. 20 members received the Chap-
ter Farmer Degree, 4 received the State
Farmer Degree, and 2 received the Ameri-
can Farmer Degree. One of the American
Farmers was Star Farmer of America. One
member was elected 2nd National Vice-
President of the National F. F. A. As-
sociation, and another was 3rd Vice-
President of the State F.F.A. Association.
Publicity for the chapter included 365
articles in newspapers (not including
school papers), 83 articles in magazines,
52 radio programs, and participation in
16 civic club programs
The total net profit earned by the
chapter was $7,307.66. The average labor
income per member on their Supervised
Farming programs was $273.36 with an
average investment in farming of $411.86
per member. The average savings per
member was $50.00.
During the year there were 20 chapter
meetings held with an average attendance
of 75 per cent of the membership. The
chapter rated ioo percent on the follow-
ing items: Use of opening and closing
ceremony; officers knowing their parts;
planned meeting programs; and use of
the parliamentary procedure at all meet-
The average grade made by chapter
members in all high school subjects dur-
ing the year was 86. To improve schol-
astic rating of its members, the chapter
planned programs such as offering cer-
tificates of merit for outstanding grades.
Recreational activities by the chapter
included dances and proms; a Christ-
mas party; hayrides; ice cream parties;
formal dinner parties; softball, basket-
ball; horseshoe and boxing matches;
fishing trips; hamburger frys; weiner
roasts; and a chicken fry.
Other outstanding activities partici-
pated in by the chapter were: one mem-
ber made a trip to Denmark; one mem-
ber toured the industrial centers of the
U. S.; the string band and quartet were
on the talent program at the National
F. F. A. Convention in Kansas City; one
member appeared on the "Voice of
America" radio program; one member re-
ceived a free trip to Kansas City for his
feeder steer project; and one member re-
ceived a free trip to Kansas City for
showing the State Champion F. F. A.


Dan McCarty, Fort Pierce, presents Bob-
by Woodward, Quincy F.F.A. Chapter,
state winner of the Soil and Management
Award, a check for $ioo from the Future
Farmer Foundation.

Woodward Wins Soil

And Management Award

BOBBY WooDWARD, Quincy F.F.A. Chapter,
was the winner of the 1951 Soil and Wa-
ter Management Award.
His accomplishments in conservation
include: cleared and planted 25 acres of
lespedeza and clover pasture; fertilized
pasture; to acres of permanent grass pas-
ture; planting 31 acres of oats for tem-
porary pasture; and refenced and chop-
ped brush on to acres of range land.
He constructed irrigation ditches on lo
acres; reorganized and reconditioned ir-
rigation ditches on 16 acres; drained 5
acres; irrigated home garden; dairy pas-
ture, and 20 acres of cultivated crops.
He helped to survey terrace for to
acres; planted so acres of cover crops and
pines on 25 acres; control-burned 25 acres
and marked and made selective cutting
on 25 acres.
Through chapter demonstrations, he
has assisted in making improvements on
other farms in the community, such as;
preventing soil erosion on too acres; using
lime on 50 acres of pasture; and planting
50 acres of perennial legumes.
Bobby's productive projects include:
beef for breeding and meat; poultry for
eggs; swine for breeding and meat; corn,
and tobacco. From this he received a la-
bor income of $2,924.91 which does not
include his present program of 24 acres
of shade tobacco; 5 acres of corn; one
brood sow; six hogs for meat, and eight
breeding cows.
Bobby is a member of the Farm Bureau,
President of his local F.F.A. Chapter and
of the Young People's Church organiza-
tion, Vice-President of his Sunday School
class, Secretary of the local Key Club,
member of the student council, "G" Club
and Junior Rotary. He is the newly-
elected 2nd Vice President of the Florida
Association. Future Farmers of America.

Beef and Fruit Future for Palm

Beach County Looks Bright

AMAZING RESULTS of irrigated winter clov-
er crops at the 3,300 acre Florida Range
Cattle Experiment Station at Ona, were
told to the group of 60 veteran trainees
in Vocational Agriculture at the high
school by John Causey, assistant county
agent. The speaker stated that adequate
irrigation on plantings of Hubanm, Black
Medic, and Lousiana white Dutch clovers,
established in 1950, had resulted in gains
of 246 pounds per head of steers from
January 31 to September 21, or a beef
gain per acre of 492 pounds over the
same period.
The Ona Ranch has soil similar to
most of that in Palm Beach county farm-
ing area, so like results can be obtained
there, Causey said. He recommended
Pensacola Bahia, common Bahia, Pan-
gola, Roseland, and St. Augustine for
land with fair moisture, and Carib for
wetter situations. The Palm Beach coun-
ty leads the state in establishment of im-
proved pastures, as 367 farmers have
signed for soil, grass and crop improve-
ment, stated J. W. Strickland, production
aJ~d marketing administrator of the
Asked about the future prospects of
kanef and ramie, the fibre crops that are
being grown on an increasing scale in
Florida, C. B. Savage, Veteran's Teacher,
stated that kanef particularly was fitted
to much of the Palm Beach county soil.
"We are going to hear a lot more about
these two big money crops and it prom-
ises to become one of Florida's most

profitable industries. The fibre is used
for rope, fabrics of many kinds, and
many other uses and it has wonderful
quality and durability."
Increasing value of guavas as an im-
portant fruit crop in Florida, and the
special suitability of the crop for the flat-
wood lands in Palm Beach county were
presented to a large group of veterans
in vocational agriculture by David Stur-
rock, well-known horticulturist of West
Palm Beach at its recent meeting there.
Sturrock, who has had. much experi-
ence with tropical fruits in southern
Florida and Cuba, stated that the im-
proved hybrid guavas have been greatly
increasing in popularity and demand for
the fruit. He gave Dr. G. D. Ruehle, of
Homestead, much of the credit for the
"New varieties lack the strong and
often musty flavor of the guavas and
have taken on qualities that make them
desirable as fresh or canned fruit, with
a high content of Vitamin C," the speaker
said. He pointed out that the fruit was
especially adaptable to well-drained flat-
wood lands, and particularly along ditch-
es and canals where irrigation is valuable,
and where the soil is deep.
He mentioned some of the other trop-
ical fruits that are also suitable for flat-
wood lands in South Florida. These in-
cluded improved selections of Surinam
Cherry, Barbados Cherry, and the Ceylon
Gooseberry. All of these have high vita-
min content.

JOSEPH J. TRAVERS, a Veteran of World
War II, and his wife of Fountain, Flori-
da, are doing their share toward the de-
velopment of the poultry industry in
Bay County.
Mr. Travers enrolled in the Veterans'
On-the-Farm Training Program in Sep-
tember, 1950. As his main enterprise,
Joe chose the raising of poultry. Joe C.
Bonner, Veteran's Teacher of Vocation-
al Agriculture, insisted that he start with
a small unit, and then build additional
buildings as he advanced in the program.
After harvesting and skinning trees for
use in framing the entire building, and
with a few trips to the slab pile at the
lumber mill, the best part of the build-
ing was finished. The roof was covered
with tin, and the windows were army
surplus at $1.oo each. The total cost of
the building was $337.50, and is large

enough to brood and finish off 1ooo
dryers ever six weeks.
Mr. Travers broke even on his first
ooo1000 fryers, but with much enthusiasm
started another new flock in January.
The figures are as follows:
Number of chicks started 1028, num-
ber chicks died, 37; number chicks mar-

keted, 991: average weight of chicks, 2.11
lbs.; total weight of chicks, 2674 lbs.;
total weight of feed, 7550 lbs.; chicken
per too lbs. of feed, 36 lbs.; total amount
received for the flock, $909.27; market
price at time of sale, 34c per lb.; Total
cost per lb. of chicken, 23 cents Ib.; net
profit for the brood, $292.72.
The above figures indicate that this
is outstanding for chickens that were
marketed at sixty-five days old.
Mr. Bonner states that poultry is a
business, and has to be treated as such.

Vocational Agriculture

Plays Important Role

In Hardee County

ESPECIAL CREDIT was given to C. A. Platt,
Vocational Agriculture instructor at Har-
dee County High School for an excellent
job in promoting interest in soil and wa-
ter conservation among his students and
the five instructors of the veterans farm
training classes. In a report of the Har-
dee Soil Conservation District, these in-
structors were praised.
The high school students in vocational
agriculture planted small plots of the
various pasture grasses and these have
been observed with much interest by the
They also planted part of the athletic
field in Pensacola Bahia, last fall. A good
seed crop was harvested from the field
this summer with the Soil District com-
bine. This seed will be used to plant the
rest of the field and other school grounds
and athletic fields.
Films furnished by the Soil Conserva-
tion Service were used in presenting the
overall picture of the complete conserva-
tion program and its importance to the
students. This District donated two sub-
scriptions to the Soil Conservation Maga-
zine to the High School library.
As a result of excellent cooperation of
the veterans farm training classes, nearly
all veteran trainees have developed com-
plete conservation plans on their places.
Guided by their instructors and the Soil
Conservation Service technicians, they
are making good progress in applying
these plans to their lands.
A fish pond, constructed by E. Wi1
ton Stephens, instructor of a veterans
farm training class, on his place just
northwest of Wauchula, was the first to
be stocked and managed in the Hardee
Soil Conservation District. Soil conserva-
tion technicians assisted him in securing
the fish for stocking the pond and work-
ing out the management. Interest in this
type of pond has grown and 13 other co-
operators have requested assistance in
construction of similar ones.

Teachers CooperateWith

Rat-Control Program
VETERANS TRAINEE classes played an import-
ant part in the recent Jackson County
Rat Control Program. Veterans teachers
distributed to their classes and to other
farmers within their areas, five pound
packages of "Warfarin", a successful rat
eradicator poison which is slow acting
and safer than any other poisons. The
veterans teachers gave demonstrations in
proper placement of the poison.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951

Veteran Makes G. L Bill

And Chickens Pay Profit

Bonifay's Soil Analysis

Proves Lack of Minerals

TRAINEES OF the veterans' vocational ag-
riculture class in Bonifay discovered that
their farms were uniformly lacking in
proper nitrates and were equally too
Each trainee brought in a soil sample
from his farm. The samples were dried
and placed in paper bags and sent to the
University of Florida for analysis.
The. analysis was surprising! In each
case it was found to be too acid to ob-
tain maximum production from the crops
planted. No nitrates were found and
only small amounts of minor elements.
Maximum crop production is obtained
when the soil has an acidity rating of
5.8 to 6. Legumes, such as clovers, pre-
fer a soil pH of from 6 to 6.2. Some crops
will tolerate an acid condition of 5.6.
Average acidity of the soil of Holmes
County, taken from various parts of the

county. indicate that Holmes County has
an acidity rating of about 5.1.
The University of Florida Extension
Service advises that one ton of lime per
acre will lower the acidity from .5 to 1
unit. For example, if the soil is 5.2, one
ton of lime per acre should lower the
acidity to 5.8 or 6. This is the range
that most field crops prefer.
The lack of nitrates indicates that
farmers in the county are not planting
leguminous cover crops to help build up
the soil. Neither are the farmers plant-
ing enough green crops to add organic
matter to the soil.
A ton of lime per acre, and from 50-
70 lbs. of blue lupine seed per acre,
would do much to improve the conditions
of the soil in Holmes County.
Until this is done, the land is sure to
decrease in productivity.

Fernery Gives Crescent City

Veteran Steady Inco

WHEN YOU "say it with flowers" you may
consider the fern merely a detail in the
arrangement, but to Paul Causey it is a
steady income.
Causey, a member of the Veterans'
training class at Crescent City, taught by
Mr. J. F. Gautier, has built a farming
program centered on fern production.
Using natural hammock for his fernery
enables Paul to produce the heavier,
darker type of spray preferred by florists.
Hammock ferneries do not suffer as
much from frost damage or summer
scald as do the slat house ferneries.
A year round crop, asparagus plumo-
sus (or fern) requires extensive fertiliz-
ing. Causey's systematic fertilizing pro-
gram calls for approximately one ton per
acre every three or four months.
To combat the insect pests in growing
his crops, he regularly uses a power spray-
er that he himself built. He also uses it
in his citrus grove.
He keeps close contact with the pro-
duction end of his operations and care-
fully supervises the clearing of addition-
al land, planting of the young fern,
weeding, etc., for the success of a fern
grower is dependent upon the grade and
quality of his product. With the help
of a hired man, he does the cutting,
packing, and shipping of the fern.
If his fern crop turns out poor in
quality, Causey uses a mower to
chop the fern into a short mulch, thus

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1951

limiting fern disease and bettering the
quality of the new crop.
In addition to his 10-1/2 acres of fern-
ery, he has a io-acre citrus grove which
he plans to develop into an express
fruit shipment business, a home garden,
farm poultry flock, farm orchard, and a
family cow.

Plant Disease

Control Discussed
PLANT DISEASE control was the study topic
recently for veterans' agricultural classes
at Lake Worth.
Dr. W. D. Moore, Senior Pathologist of
the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Fort
Lauderdale, and Walter Hills, Associate
Horticulturist, Everglades Experiment
Station, led the group study.
Plant viruses causing mosaic diseases of
pepper, cucumber, squash, tomato, and
other commercial plants, were discussed.
New truck crop varieties on trial at
the Experimental Station field laboratory,
near Boynton Beach, were described by
Mr. Hills. Referring to the new disease-
resistant egg plant varieties, Florida
Market and Florida Beauty, Mr. Hills
stated that both are almost immune to
the "tip over" blight. These and new
mildew resistant cucumber varieties are
now on trial at Boynton Beach.

17 Graduate in

Pasco Program

SEVENTEEN VETERANS received diplomas in
vocational agriculture at the Banquet at
the Agricultural Center for the Dade City
Future Farmers and Veterans' on-the-
Farm Training classes. Veterans Train-
ing Supervisors G. C. Norman and W. E.
Moore received the honor of making the
Graduates were W. T. Henry, W. H.
Boyett, Edward Auton, Dennis Mobley,
Maurie Johnston, Wilton Kirkman.
Kenneth Ansley, Clarence Shannon,
George M. Reigler, W. R. Dowling, Jacob
Clemons, M1ark S. Richards, Henry A.
Harvey, August Crest, Floyd T. Eikeland,
William H. Costine, and Paul P. Braden.
Veterans' classes have been supervised by
Elmo Collins, vocational agriculture
teacher at Pasco High School.
Around 35o persons attended the
banquet which has been an annual event
with the Future Farmer chapter. H. E.
Wood, State Supervisor of Vocational
Agriculture, made an address. Chapter
members taking part in the program were
Bill McKendree, president of the chapter
and toastmaster, Steven Nathe, Fred
Rodman, Wilton Humphreys, Julius
Brinson, Leon Milton, and Kenneth

Quincy is State

Chapter Winner

ter won first place and second place
respectively in the 1950-51 State Chapter
Contest sponsored by the Chain Store
Council of Florida. They thereby be-
came Florida's entries in the National
Future Farmer Chapter Contest. As
winners in both district and state compe-
tition, Quincy received $120.oo and
Suwannee received $30.00.
The chapters winning in the six dis-
tricts of Florida (winning $25 as first
prize, $20, $15, and $1o for second, third,
and fourth place) in order of their
placings, are as follows:
District I-Escambia Farms, Allentown,
Vernon, Baker;
District II-Quincy. Greensboro, Altha,
District III-Suwannee (Live Oak),
Trenton, Bill Sheely (Lake City), High
District IV-DeLand, Ocala, Seminole
(Sanford), Bushnell;
District V-Plant City; Turkey Creek,
Bartow, Sarasota;
District VI-Belle Glade, LaBelle, Red-
land, Moore Haven.

Veteran trainee Tom Cooper, center, and family with workers
on the Rotary Rural-Urban Committee at the farm home.

pai. Use no more than 5 gal. Rotarians See Amazing
water per sack of cement with
sand in average moist condition. Success on G lades Farm

SAggregates should be clean, How SMALL farmers, particularly those in the Veterans-on-the-
well-gradedandcarefullymea- Farm Training Program, are making a living from the soil in
sured. Even on small jobs the best the Glades and making amazing success, was seen first hand by
way to measure aggregates is on 165 Lake Worth Rotarians and guests at the Tom Cooper farm
a platform scale such as shown on Range Line, two and a half miles north from Lake Worth
at the right. Use of a scale like Road intersection.
this makes for quick, accurate A delightful chicken dinner, data on crops and activities
measuring and for more uniform on the 65 acre farm and a field tour to the many vegetable
concrete from batch to batch. fields were combined into a memorable occasion. On the tour,

marked off with drainage ditches, were seen, with other fields
3 A good cocr i w.I look being prepared for planting. Mr. Cooper is making peppers
like the photo he left. Note a major project this year.
that the mix is quite sliff; yet be- Before and since World War II, in which he served for
Cause of proper propdrlning and nearly four years, Tom Cooper was a share-cropper on a Glades
Smiling there is plentyy o:emenl" farm. In 1948, he was told about an idle farm on Range Line,
S.sand mortar to fill all spaces be- and that he might buy it through the Farmers Home Admin-
Stween coarse aggregatSleuch a istration. Spurred on by his wife, Gem, they looked over the
mix will produce dense, water- farm, not worked for three years, and saw its possibilities from
tight concrete for walls oo farms, the start. They quickly signed a 40-year, ioo per cent loan
at the FHA office in the Civic Auditorium, and went to work.
Some of the ditches were dug, and much of the land cleared,
concrete should be players, di- but that first year they were rewarded enough to pay off one-
tween the forms in layers, ordi- fourth of the loan. Cooper says that he will pay off the whole
nearly not more than 6 In. deep. loan in four years instead of forty.
To insure even, dense, watertight loan in four years instead of forty.
concrete, tamp, spade or me-
chanically vibrate the mixture just
enough to settle it and to work it
next to the forms along both sides. President's M message
1 should like to take this opportunity to express my
SCure the concrete adeauately. thanks and appreciation to each delegate at the State Con-
This is a vital step in producing mention in Daytona Beach for electing me as President of
our Florida Association, F.F.A. for 1951-5".
watertight walls. Adequate curing I was aware of the duties and responsibilities bestowed
S means keeping the concrete moist upon me. I shall endeavor to carry them out. I shall strive
for at least 5 to 7 days under to go forward always in the advancement of our great organ-
favorable curing condition at zation. You and I must live up to the best that is in each
t rabre we above fein t of uis so that we shall at least leave signs along the way that
temperatures well above freezing we have helped in a struggle for a better world.
-longer during cold weather. We owe a debt of gratitude to our past officers for the
outstanding work, and leadership toward brighter farming
Send for free, illustrated book,"Making Quality Concrete or days.
Farm Improvements." Distributed only in U. S. and Canada. ear. Let us all wo together in making ths year one ofmin
hPORTLAND CEMENT ASS CIATIe most outstanding that the Florida Future Farmer Asso-
PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION citation has ever hadl
Hurt Bldg Atlanta 3, Ga. Let us always keep in mind and practice our motto,
Hurt Bldg., Atlanta Ga. purposes, and aims.
A national organization to improve and extend the uses of portland cement COPELAND GRISWOLD
and concrete...through scientific research and engineering field work

70 OP144117

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