00 "OCTOBER, 1950
Forestry Camp Attracts
200 FFA Members
FFA Members, Veterans
Are Long on Accomplishments
National FFA Convention
Kansas City, October 9-12
~54~ '~Ljl~l~ L~ECE~~
I~ I I
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By Way of Editorial Comment:
Future Farmer Forestry
by ROBERT N. HOSKINS, Industrial Forcster, Seaboaitd Air Line Railho01ld
IN MARCH OF 1q45, the late J. Franklin Williams, Jr., then State Supervisor of Voca-
tional Agriculture for Florida, requested industry to set up a cooperative farm youth
forestry program which would recognize achievement on the individual farm boy's
property. It was his feeling a greater appreciation and understanding of the necessity
for integrating the woodland area into the overall farming program would result by
providing an incentive. His thoughts were that such a program should be regionwide
and could be made so by inviting out-of-state Future Farmers into Florida. Such
invitations could be earned by boys who
had outstanding forestry projects. All-
expense trips and scholarship's would be
given these boys to attend Florida's for-
estry training camp held annually at Camp
(O'Ieno. Florida's forestry winners would
icceive cash awards.
The first year this program was adopted
in four states and in 1946 all six south-
iy eastern states participated Virginia.
North Carolina. South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida and Alabama. Later this program
rotated to other states and the Florida
i- winners received trips and scholarships to
forestry training camps in these states.
This idea of greater participation in for-
estry has borne much fruit during the past
Following the death of "Florida's friend
HOSKINS of the farm boy", H E. Wood was named
successor to Mr. Williams. Mr. Wood was a strong believer in proper land use,. iHe
saw the need for greater diversification in forestry-gum farming, thinning, the con-
struction of fire lines (an aid to fire protection), improvement cuttings, and a greater
reforestation program. His keen insight into the picture as a whole grasped the
truth-that while the conservation movement would expand rapidly on the wings of
the do-gooder, when it came to a final analysis of the program facts would rule: facts
which spell economic strength through new wealth, new business opportunities, more
security, higher standards of living.
As in other states of the South, Florida's farmer occupies an important position
in the total forestry program because approximately 6o percent of woodland ownership
is in the hands of the farmer. Therefore, it was indeed encouraging to receiye the
report of the State Supervisor entitled "A Summary of Practical Forestry Activities
Carried Out Through the Vocational Agriculture Program." (Continued on page 2)
Th C State President and Chilean Nitrate Leadership Award
T e .over Winner Don Fuqua of Altha is also Star Dairy Farmer of
Florida. The cover shows him feeding cows (upper left), adjusting milker (upper
right), with top cow (lower left), and loading milk (lower right).
THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER VOL. XI, NO. 4
Published four times per year, January, April, July, and October by tile Cody Publications. Inc.
Kissimmee, Florida for the Florida Association, Future Farnmers of America
STATE OFFICERS, 1950-51 NATIONAL OFFICERS F.F.A. 1949-50
President .................. .. Don Fuqua, Altha President......George J. Lewis, Hersmarn. Illinois
1st Vice President...J. Rogers Fike, Aurora, W. Va
Vice President...... Donald Plunket, Turkey Creek 2nd Vice President...Joe B. King, Petalulna. Culif.
2nd Vice President ...... Lehman Fletcher, Live Oak 3rd Vice President ......... Merrill T. Cartwright,
3rd vice President.............Pat iThomas, Quincy Bonneville, Miss.
4th Vice President.. Glenn F. Lackey, Delaware, i.
4th Vice President.........Harold Swann, DeLand Student Secretary ..............Donald Bakehouse,.
5th Vice President........ Ernie Redish, Clewiston Owatonna, Minn.
6th Vice President.....Eugene Walding, Bethlehem Executive Secretary. A. W. Tenney, Washington, D. C.
Executive Treasurer............ Dowell J. Howsard,
Executive Secretary......A. R. Cox, Jr., Tallahassee Eecutive Treasurinchester, V.
State Adviser............ H. E. Wood, Tallahassee National Adviser. W. T. Spanton, Washington,D.C.
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
Your products sure do
One thing especially about our country
astonishes many foreign visitors. The
abundance of our food. And especially
meat! They see plenty of fresh, wholesome
meat for everybody, everywhere. In hun-
dreds of thousands of stores. In the small-
est villages as in the largest cities. That's
something many foreign people don't know
Here we've come to take it for granted.
You raise the meat animals on your mil-
lions of ranches, and farms, and feed lots
across the nation. They go to one of scores
of markets ...
By what "machinery" are they then
made into meat, and distributed to every
super-market and every crossroads store
from Maine to California?
That's the job of the meat packers-
small and large, local and nation-wide.
They are the Manufacturing Department
of your business-"disassembling" your
animals into the meat that people eat.
They are also your Marketing Depart-
ment-shipping the perishable meat under
refrigeration to the consuming centers of
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stocked with the cuts their customers (and
yours) want to buy.
To do our share of this job there are 50
Swift packing plants-269 branch sales
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Our cost of delivery from plant to store
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Little and Bigs
...We Need Both
America is a big country
miles. Denmark is a
Square miles. In Denmark industry
and agriculture operate on a small
scale. In America the opposite is true.
Mass production, mechanized farming,
big food stores, are American phenom-
ena. But their large scale does not
mean they are necessarily good or bad.
The bigness of America's operations
in agriculture, manufacturing and dis-
tribution results from America's big-
ness. To produce the means of liveli-
hood in a big country with large re-
sources, a large population, and high
living standards, bigness in some coun-
try and city business activities can't be
avoided. So bigness in itself is neither a
vice nor a virtue, but a natural eco-
Littleness is nothing to be ashamed
of, either. Admittedly, in some forms of
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and he will continue to prosper in these
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New Pasture Grasses Promising
for Florida Conditions
by Thomas H. Bartilson,
Assist. Chief, Animal Hus-
bandry Div. U. S. D. A.,
The U. S. Bureau of
Plant Industry and the
three promising new pasture grasses for
Florida conditions: Pangola grass, Pen-
sacola Bahia, and Argentine Bahia.
In grazing tests at the U. S. Chinse-
gut Hill Sanctuary at Brooksville, Fla.,
ling cross-bred steers produced 104
pounds of gain per acre on Pangola
grass pastures and 97 pounds per acre
on Pensacola Bahia pastures, as com-
pared to 58 pounds on common Bahia
pastures. Nursing cows wintered bet-
ter (and their calves made faster gains)
on Pangola with a pellet supplement
than those on Cogen grass or on chopped
sugar cane with four pounds daily sup-
Dry cows pastured at the rate of
better than two cows per acre on Pen-
sacola Bahia for nearly 3% months
from September 1 made average gains
of 77 pounds per head. Two-year-old
heifers grazed at the rate of nearly one
head to the acre on Pensacola Bahia
and Argentine Bahia pasture for 2%
months beginning January 12 gained
an average of 94 pounds per head.
Both grasses were grazed readily even
after they were mature, but the Argen-
tine Bahia proved more palatable. Dur-
ing these tests, the weather was unusu-
ally dry, with a moisture deficiency of
several inches below normal.
Both Pangola grass and Pensacola
Bahia pastures are now being used by
Florida cattlemen. Argentine Bahia is
still in the experimental stage and no
seed has as yet been made available.
Swift & Company UNION STOCK YARDS. CHICAGO 9, ILLINOIS
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
How Four Floridians
Earned American Farmer
The American Farmer Degree is the highest award available to a young man enrolled
in Future Farmer of America work. These articles tell something of the record of
four of the six from Florida who have been nominated for the degree this year.
MORDAUNT BISHOP, 19, is the son of Mr.
and Mrs. Edward Bishop, Route i, Aucilla,
Florida. He lives on a general livestock farm.
He has complete charge of 150 acres of
land devoted to corn, peanuts, velvet beans,
sweet potatoes, peas,
for livestock. Among
Shas been the demon-
stratien that a good
livestock program plus
sweet potatoes and a
good feed crop pro-
gram will enable
farmers to obtain a
BISHOP greater income. Mor-
daunt has netted enough from his farming
operations to establish himself in farming.
He was President.of the Aucilla FFA Chap-
ter for three years and Reporter for one year.
He served as Chapter Delegate to the Flor-
ida State Convention for two years.
His leadership record includes serving as
a member of the Parliamentary Procedure
team for four years, public speaker for two
years, livestock judging team for three years,
banquet chairman for three years.
Mordaunt was president of the Junior and
Senior classes, and vice president of the
FLOYD PHILMON, 21, is the son of Mr. and Mrs.
Shellie Philmon of rural Dade City. He op-
erates and has complete charge of a 2500-
bird poultry farm. Among his accomplish-
nents has been demonstrating that for prop-
er results one must have good chickens, a
good feeding program, and good manage-
Another of his accomplishments has been
the promotion of a plant growing program
in southern and central Florida for blue mold
infected northern Florida and southern Geor-
gia. He was the first to grow tobacco plants
in South Florida and it has proven beneficial
to himself and also to the industry, for there
are many acres now devoted to producing
tobacco plants in Florida.
His leadership record includes two years
as president of the Dade City FFA Chapter,
one year as Secretary, and in 1946-47 he was
state reporter for the Florida Association FFA.
He also served four years on the par-
liamentary procedure team, four years on
the livestock judging team where he won
first place in the individual competition at
the Southeastern Fat Stock Show in 1946. He
participated in public speaking four years,
winning second place in the state in 1947.
He is a senior in the college of Agriculture
at the University of Florida. He has netted
enough money from his poultry and plant
projects to see him through four years of
college. He is also carrying on with his
leadership activities while at the University.
He is vice president of the Ag Club, takes an
active part in the Collegiate FFA Chapter,
and is secretary of the Alpha Gamma Rho
Agricultural Fraternity. He is also a mem-
ber of the Florida Blue Key speaker's bu-
reau. He plans to teach Vocational Agri-
culture when he finishes college next June.
THERE ARE TWO YOUNG FARMERS in Gadsden
County who are the pride of their family and
friends, their associates in the Future Farm-
ers of America Organization, and their Voca-
tional Agriculture teacher Forrest and Hal
Davis themselves are often to be found
grinning from ear to ear at their successes
in the farming enterprise.
tThese two boys rep-
resent the "Cream of
the Crop" of boys in
the modern type of
farming. They were
born on the farm, ex-
perienced the demand-
ing yet equally re-
warding nature o f
farm life as they were
growing up, studied
HAL DAVIs Vocational A g r i c u 1-
ture in high school and have chosen farming
as their career.
Forrest is the older of the two brothers.
Just turned a2, he has already proved to
himself, his farming neighbors, the farm qfle-
cialists and agriculture technicians that he
can succeed at farming. Since lie began his
training in vocational agriculture in the
eighth grade, hs records show a grand total
of $45,701.99 net profit for seven years; very
few young men of 21, can know the feeling
of security that knowledge of having earned
this amount brings.
Much of the inspiration and training For-
rest and his younger brother Hal, have had,
came through their vocational agriculture
course and FFA activities. Forrest enrolled
as an eighth grade student of vocational agri-
culture in September 1942 and became a
"Green Hand" in the FFA. When records on
his farming program were completed he
found he made a net profit of more than
$500.oo from one brood sow, five acres of
corn and five acres of peanuts. The story re-
vealed by the figures in his record books,
pointed out the fact to the young boy that
farming could be profitable and that it pro-
Farming demands all-round abilities, and
American Farmer Forrest Davis finds
himself, top to bottom, tending his
Hampshires, greasing mower, keeping
records and repairing farm equipment.
Davis lives near Quincy.
vided a challenge that appealed to him. "I
decided that farming was the life for me."
Each year he has undertaken a larger pro-
gram investing his profits to increase the
scope and number of his farming activities.
For Hal it was a happy day when he too,
could begin his course in vocational agri-
culture and become a member of the FFA.
His first program included a registered Angus
cow for breeding, 3 hogs for meat and one
acre of shade tobacco.
The farming program of these two brothers
is a diversified one, centered around a com-
bination of beef cattle and shade tobacco.
While Hal is attending the Unversity of
Florida, studying Agriculture, Forrest is look-
ing after his farming operation whenever Hal
himself cannot. They own in partnership, a
150-acre farm. Forrest has 80 acres of his
own and rents additional land from his father
and mother, and leases a 16o2 acre tract
on a long term basis.
Many improvement projects and supple-
mentary farm practices have been carried
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
out such as: establishing a farm shop, set-
ting up a grist mill, establishing improved
pasture, breeding of livestock, beautifying
and remodeling home and farmstead and re-
forestation of farm woodlot re-arranging
fences and fields, clearing land, and establish-
ing a home fruit orchard.
Forrest has a purebred herd of Hampshire
hogs, the only one of this breed in his coun-
ty. Their steers have garnered a sheaf of
ribbons for their entries in livestock shows.
Farm machinery and buildings have been
acquired to keep pace with an expanded and
modern farming program. The first item of
equipment purchased with their own money
was a second-hand combine, the two bought
in partnership. At the present time equip-
ment and buildings owned by Forrest are
valued at more than $18,ooo.oo. These in-
clude two tractors, two trucks, two tenant
houses, several tobacco barns and a complete
irrigation system for tobacco. Today his total
net worth amounts to more than $50,ooo.oo,
and Hal is rapidly accumulating the land,
buildings and equipment needed.
Each boy served as Secretary and President
of the Quincy Chapter. Forrest also was his
senior class president and class valedictorian.
In 1946 he was Star State Farmer and elect-
ed as first vice president of the State Associa-
tion and was a delegate to the "Victory" Na-
tional FFA Convention in Kansas City.
His neighbor farmers respect his outstanding
farming ability; the bankers and business men
recognize and approve the ,business-like man-
ner in which he transacts his affairs with
them. The men who work for him like him
because he gives them fair and honest treat-
ment. They stay with him because he makes
it possible for them to earn a good iiving,
and stimulates their initiative by methods
such as paying them by the pound for tobacco
produced on the area for which they are re-
sponsible instead of by the hour, day or
Hal followed in his brother's footsteps as
secretary and president of his Chapter. In
1947-48, he served as president of the State
FFA Association, was delegate to the na-
tional convention in 1947 and 1948, to Camp
Miniwanca in 1948 and to the 1949 Louis-
iana and Alabama state conventions.
When Hal entered the University of Flor-
ida in the Fall of 1948, Forrest agreed to help
look after his farm program although Hal re-
mained in charge, returning on the weekends
and vacations. In this way his farming pro-
gram continued to go forward successfully.
At the University he was elected president of
his freshman class and the Gadsden County
Both of these young men look to the chal-
lenge of the future with confidence and as-
surance. As Forrest puts it "Farming in
our County has come a long way in the
last few years. We have learned that in
order to raise per-acre production, we need
more fertilizer, legumes, and irrigation. I
for one, believe that there is a future in
farming, unsurpassed by any other industry.
I will always be proud that I was a member
of the Future Farmers of America".
It is not hard to see why the Florida Asso-
ciation is proud of that fact too, for he and
his brother Hal have accomplished much to
the mutual benefit of the association and the
EVERY YEAR thousands of farm families see their life's work
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F. F. A.
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10K Gold........ 15.00 18.00
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Prices subject to 20% Federal Tax and any State Tax in effect.
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Green Hand, bronze..... ............................ 25c, no Fed. Tax
Future Farmer Degree, silver plate............ ....... 28c, plus 20% Fed. Tax
BELTS BUCKLES e TIE HOLDERS
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The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
The state champion FFA judging team from Bartow chapter pose with their cup and
the chapter's registered Jersey bull. Team members (in caps) are, left to right, Lloyd
Harris, Attlee Davis and Billy Martin, shown with vocational agriculture instructors
R. B. O'Berry and G. C. Howell. (Photo by Robertson)
National Conventioneers Ready
For Kansas City Journey
LEADING THE WAY to Kansas City in Oc-
tober to the 23rd National Convention
will be the National Band and Chorus
members from Florida, accompanied by
H. E. Wood, State Adviser and B. R.
Mills, adviser of the Suwannee FFA Chap-
ter at Live Oak.
Chorus members going with Mr. Wood
are: Leonard M. Hurst, Ocoee; Harold
Shelby, Jr., Tate (Gonzalez); Foy Lee
Spivey, Blountstown; and Herbert Dorsett,
Branford. Band members accompanying
Mr. Mills are: Billy Gunter, Suwannee
(Live Oak); Charles McCurdy, Pahokee;
Paul Mathis, Bonifay; and Carl Grif-
fith, Moore Haven. They will arrive in
Kansas City Friday, October 6, to start re-
hearsal, and the National Band will be in
the American Royal parade, Saturday, Oc-
Florida's two official delegates, who will
take part in the business sessions during
the Convention, are L. C. Vaughn, im-
mediate Past State FFA President, and
Don Fuqua, Altha, State FFA President,
and Chilean Nitrate Leadership and Star
State Dairy Farmer Award Winner 1950-5 1.
Alternate delegates are Hal Davis, past
State FFA President 1948-49, Chilean Ni-
trate Leadership Award Winner and a can-
didate for the American Farmer Degree,
and Lehman Fletcher, present State Sec-
ond Vice President and a winner of a
Bankers' Scholarship during the current
The following five vice presidents will
attend the Convention as guests of the
State Association: Donald Plunket, Tur-
key Creek, First Vice President, Star State
Farmer and Chilean Nitrate Leadership
Award winner; Pat Thomas, Quincy,
Third Vice President and Florida State
Cattlemen's Association Feeder Steer win-
ner: Harold Swann, DeLand, Fourth Vice
President; Ernie Redish, Clewiston, Fifth
Vice President and Farm Electrification
Award winner; and Eugene Walding, Pop-
lar Springs, Sixth Vice President.
The awarding of the American Farmer
Degree, highest degree given by the FFA
organization, is a feature of the conven-
tion. Candidates for the degree from Flor-
ida are Forrest and Hal Davis, Quincy;
Larry Crago Griggs, Summerfield; Floyd
Philmon, Dade City; Mordaunt Bishop,
Aucilla; and Hurtis Smith, Chipley.
Dr. W. T. Spanton, National FFA Ad-
viser, announced that applications for the
candidates have been carefully examined,
and they will be recommended to the dele-
gates for final approval during the con-
Donald Plunket, First Vice President,
leadership award winner and Star State
Farmer, will participate in the massing of
State Flags, carrying the Florida state flag.
From the candidates for the American
Farmer award, a Star Farmer from each
Regional area is chosen, and during the
ceremonies a boy will be named as the Star
Farmer of America, one of the highest
honors an FFA member can win.
The Quincy State Champion string
band-William Timmons, Harry Howell,
George Johnson, Tommy Betts, Jack Pea-
cock, and Wesley Goodson-will be pres-
ent to play on the national Talent Night
program. Sonny Burke, a member of the
quartet, will go to help sing that "Old
Gospel Boogie" on the program.
Others from Quincy going to the Con-
vention will be Mr. D. M. Bishop, FFA
Adviser, and Mr. & Mrs. J. F. Davis, par-
ents of Forrest and Hal.
Franklin Roberts and his teacher, Fred
Johnson, Sopchoppy, will go to the con-
vention as a result of Franklin winning
the State" Forestry Contest, sponsored by
the Seaboard Railroad Company. Robert
Jett and his teacher, Guy Gard of Talla-
hassee, will go, since the Leon (Tallahas-
see) Chapter won the Chapter Forestry
Contest,'sponsored by the Junior Chamber
Other winners of the Chilean Nitrate
Leadership Award going to the National
Convention are: Clyde Singletary, Allen-
town; Harry Coleman, Trenton; and Joe
H. E. Brown, adviser of the Trenton
Chapter, which won the Chapter Contest,
will take several of his boys to the Con-
Others who plan to go are: D. E.
Ryals, adviser of the Altha Chapter;
Clarence Gulsby, Tate FFA Chapter,
state winner of the Farm Mechanics FFA
Foundation Award, and many individual
members of local chapters.
MELVIN KILPATRICK Florida Public Speak-
ing Champion, took first place in the Tri-
State Public Speaking Contest at the Geor-
gia Association FFA Camp, August 3, and
received $25.00, given by Mrs. Turner E.
Smith, Atlanta, in memory of her hus-
band, and a plaque from the Georgia
FFA Association. From the Tri-State
triumph, Melvin went to tlie Southern
Regional at Stillwater, Oklahoma, August
31, where he placed third.
The State Champion Quartet from
Stuart, composed of Benny Fulton, Steven
Huddle, Paul Mispell, and Jim Hutchin-
son, won third place in the Tri-State com-
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
Sears Bulls Have
Sired 302 Calves
During Past Year
IN NOVEMBER of 1948, the Sears Roebuck
Foundation gave the Florida Association,
FFA ten registered purebred Brahman
bulls and thirty registered purebred Here-
ford bulls. These were distributed to forty
FFA chapters in that many Florida com-
The beef breeding program initiated
in this way is now old enough to begin to
estimate somewhat its value in improving
Florida's livestock industry.
When the bulls were delivered to the
FFA chapters they were less than one year
old and not ready for breeding service.
Nearly all chapters given one of the bulls
handled them in the best manner. 3go
calves have been dropped since the bulls
became of breeding age, 47 of them irom
Brahman bulls and 255 from Hereford
If the value of a calf from a purebred
bull is estimated to be $20.00 more than a
calf from an inferior bull, the Sears bulls
have been worth $6ooo.oo to these 40
Florida communities this first year.
In addition to the ever-increasing value
of the initial allocation of these bulls to
Florida, requests have been made for eight
young Brahmans and 15 young Here-
fords for distribution in November, 195o,
to FFA chapters in the State.
CIVIC CLUBs about the state have recently
had several outstanding Florida Future
Farmers featured at their meetings.
The Kiwanis Club of Tallahassee had
Don Fuqua, Altha, State President, For-
rest Davis, former Star State Farmer and
First Vice President, and members of the
Championship String Band of Quincy to
present a program.
Don, who was also Star Dairy Farmer
and Leadership Award winner and Arlen
Wetherington, top district winner of the
Southern Dairies Award, were guests of
the Florida Dairies Industry Annual Field
Day in Gainesville and were speakers on
Donald Plunket, Star State Farmer this
year, Harold Swann, Fourth Vice Presi-
dent, Lehman Fletcher, Second Vice Presi-
dent, with Fuqua, presented a program to
the Daytona Beach JayCees.
Franklin Roberts, Sopchoppy Chapter
member and winner of the Seaboard Air-
line Railroad State Forestry Award, Fuqua,
Davis and the Lake Butler String Band
presented a program to the Kiwanians of
St. Augustine during a recent meeting of
Trenton and Bell FFA members, accompanied by Advisers Herbert Brown and 7oe
Ellis, toured the Southeast in a week, stopping at Panama City, New Orleans, La.,
Livingston, Birmingham and Wheeler Dam, Ala., Mammoth Cave, Ky., and Nashville.
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FRESH F LORID A FEEDS
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
Plunket Tells of Star Farmer Work
by DONALD PLUNKET
MY INTEREST IN AGRICULTURE and FFA
work was probably aroused by hearing my
older brother talk about what he was
doing. I transferred to Turkey Creek in
1946 and entered the eighth grade. This
is the year I heard my brother talking
about his work in agriculture. I made up
my mind that just as soon as I got old
enough, I would take agriculture and join
In 1947, my first year in high school, I
enrolled in the agriculture class. My
teacher explained to me that I would have
to have a project at home and that I would
have to keep records on what I made.
My projects the first year in agriculture
were strawberries and one acre of mixed
vegetables such as squash, cucumbers and
pepper. My total profit from the straw-
berries was $65.25 and the vegetables
brought a total of $258.00 net profit. To
Clements Dies In Maryland
IT IS WITH REGRET that we tell you that
Dudley M. Clements, 61, assistant chief,
Agricultural Service, Office of Education,
and for more than 30 years a recognized
leader for vocational education in agricul-
ture, died July 25 at Prince Georges Gen-
eral Hospital in Cheverly Md., after an
illness of about two months.
Clements became ill in May, and his
condition became steadily worse through
June and July. Burial was at Lynnville,
Tennessee, where he first began teaching
agriculture in 1911.
He had been a member of the Office of
Education staff since 1936. Before his
appointment as assistant chief, he had
served as federal agent for Agricultural
Education in the southern states and
Puerto Rico. He was well known in agri-
cultural circles throughout the south, and
in 1943 was named by Progressive Farmer
magazine to receive its "Man of the Year"
award for service to southern agriculture.
Much of Mr. Clements' work in life was
concerned with the development of the
Future Farmers of America organization.
He served on the National FFA Advisory
Council for 14 years. Many vocational
agriculture teachers and FFA members
will remember his work at the National
FFA conventions where, for the past sev-
eral years, he was in charge of the exhibit
room. In the last year, he had devoted
considerable time to preparing and secur-
ing the passage of a bill in Congress to
provide a federal charter of incorporation
for the FFA. The bill passed the Senate
one day after Clements' death.
He was a life member of the American
Vocational Association and had won the
FFA's Honorary American Farmer degree.
Camp Clements the state FFA camp in
Tennessee, was named after him in recog-
nition of his outstanding work.
Davis Exhibits Lespedeza Project
BILLY JEAN DAVIS, son of Mr. and Mrs.
R. H. Davis of Davisville (4 miles South
of Atmore), was proud to exhibit his win-
ning Lespedeza project in August.
Last summer a contest was begun among
the 22 members of the Earnest Ward High
School at Walnut Hill to determine who
could make the best plot of cover and
food for wildlife with Lespedeza.
Each of the boys was given about looo
plants to put out and cultivate an eighth
acre of Lespedeza, a recognized winter
feed for quail, doves, and other birds.
The Chapter Contest grew out of a
Contest sponsored by the Pensacola Sports-
man's Club. Retired Navy Commander,
W. R. Parker, who is President of the Club,
conceived the idea of sponsoring such
a contest to interest more young people in
providing food and cover for our birds
and wildlife, while increasing the preserva-
tion program for the wildlife.
Every FFA member in the County was
invited to enter, but only the Walnut Hill
FFA Chapter chose it as an entire Chapter.
Already two outstanding wildlife men
in the U. S. have inspected Billy Jean's
winning project and praised the project
and its purpose.
Claude D. Kelly, President, National
Wildlife Federation, told the young farm-
ers "the far-reaching benefits of what you
are doing here will be felt by every hunter
in this area". He pointed out that Arkan-
sas' large scale program today is an out
growth of a small beginning project such
as Billy Jean's.
Plants were furnished through the West
Florida Experiment Station through the
Pitman-Robertson Act, which provides aid
for such projects preserving our game.
Jim Barrineau, Chapter Adviser and Vo-
cational Agricultural Teacher at Earnest
Ward High, assisted each boy in selecting
the right area for his plot and worked
with Elmer Jones, Soil Technician, in in-
structing boys in the importance of first
year's care of the plot.
get this project started posed a problem
that was settled as soon as I could talk the
situation over with my father. The land
and equipment was furnished by my fa-
ther in return for labor that I did for him.
He loaned me the money to finance my
crop and was repaid as soon as the crop
was sold. With this money I bought a
registered Brahman bull, and financed
my next crop.
My crop in 1948 was two acres of straw-
berries, two acres of pepper and later
that year a dairy calf. My total net earn-
ings for this year was $685.oo from straw-
berries, $472.25 from pepper and no profit
from livestock. This money was put in
the bank in a checking account.
I used what was necessary to finance my
next crop and buy some small items of
farm machinery. My next project was one
and three-quarters acres of strawberries.
one acre of pepper, and two more beef ani-
mals, registered Brahman heifers. The
strawberries are finished with a net profit
of $1150.00. The pepper crop has not
been harvested at this date.
My activities in FFA and community
life have been varied and enjoyable. I
have been a ncim-ber of the chapter live-
stock judging te.a for lour years. 1,
1947-48-49 I judged in the Florida State
Fair Tampa, and Southeastern Fat Stock
Show, Ocala. In 1950 our judging team
won the West Coast Dairy Show at Tampa,
and Eastern Brahman Show at Bartow.
In 1947 and 1948 I went to the State For-
estry camp at O'leno.
I went on an educational tour to the
University of Florida in 1948. In 1949
I went on an educational tour to Ocala,
visiting Anthony Farms (Norris Cattle
Company). In 1949 I showed my bull at
the Florida State Fair. In 1948 I gave the
welcome address to parents at FFA ban-
quet and was toastmaster in 1949. This
was the duty of the chapter president,
an honor the other boys gave me for. that
In 1949 I attended the state convention
as a delegate and served on the committee
on home electrification awards. I attend-
ed the national convention in Kansas
City in 1949. During my term as presi-
dent, our chapter won first place vegeta-
ble exhibit and third place shop exhibit
at the Junior Agricultural Fair.
Our Turkey Creek FFA chapter boasts
of A r 1 e n Wetherington, outstanding
among Florida Future Farmers in dairy-
ing, owner of a herd of six cattle, member
ot outstanding judging teams, and winner
of more blue ribbons at the Florida State
Fair, Hillsborough Junior Agricultural
Fair than any other Future Farmer any-
where. Our instructor in vocational agri-
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
culture is Elton Hinton.
In 1947-48 I was secretary of the Sun-
day School and group captain in BTU.
Irf 1949 I was treasurer of my Sunday
School class and group captain in BTU.
At present I am treasurer of my Sunday
School class and secretary of BTU. I am
a member of the Civics Club in school. I
was manager of the football team in 1949
and at present I am scorer of the football
team. I am a member of the Cattlemen's
Association of Hillsborough County.
All this activity has kept me very busy
but has been a real pleasure with much
valuable experience and a major contribu-
tory factor to my winning the district FFA
leadership contest sponsored by the
Chilean nitrate industry and my being
named Star State Farmer this year.
Future Farmer Forestry
(Continued from page 2)
This Report is a true progress chart of
1949-50 activities: 2,015,595 seedlings
planted, 376,835 faces gum farmed, 43,171
acres of improvement cutting, 4,450 acres
thinned are just a few examples of co-
operation. Obviously this progress is, as
Mr. Wood has so often stated, a real ex-
ample of cooperation from all levels and
from all agencies.
Through such a cooperative farm youth
forestry program recognition has been
given to those boys living in the so-called
"backwoods" communities. This year was
no exception with two of the top winners
from Sopchoppy and Taylor. As more
and more boys are recognized for their
efforts, others are striving to put their
houses in. order and make forestry an
important part in their farming program.
Florida's progressive and productive
forestry programs are paying dividends-
dividends snowballing into the future.
Recognition of the leadership behind this
program is moving forward. Florida's
State Supervisor, H. E. Wood, will be
signally honored by the American, Forestry
Association on October loth at Eagle
River, Wisconsin. There he will receive
the AFA Conservation Award in the field
of education where he will be one of five
singled out in the nation for outstanding
contributions in conservation.
Day by day industry is becoming more
fully aware of what conservation means
to business. Industry knows that money
is wisely invested when spent on conser-
vation activities such as the one followed
by the vocational agriculture program.
Our current and future business lies in
the laps of those who support the men
directing these worthy measures-the men
establishing a sound and permanent foun-
dation upon which to build a continued
happiness and prosperity for those of us
who live today and are born tomorrow in
this, our nation.
Mississippi Boys Tour
TWENTY-SIX Future Farmers from Morgan
City, Mississippi, made a swing of the
State as part of this Chapter's annual ten-
It was the first time in Florida for most
of the boys who were accompanied by J. B.
Pickett, Chapter Adviser. They visited
St. Augustine and Daytona Beach, the
Gulf Beaches at St. Petersburg and Silver
Springs. In Tallahassee they were shown
through Florida's Capitol by A. R. Cox.
Mr. Pickett said their plans were to stop
by Mississippi's Capital City, Jackson, on
the return trip as most of the boys had
never visited their own state capital.
These Mississippi Future Farmers saw
Florida on an FFA tour this summer.
(Photo by Dennis Hallinan)
PROVED WITH PUREBREDS
Our undefeated champion sire, Emperor, has produced 119 sons-and
87 of these have been chosen to sire purebred herds, not only in
Florida, but in Texas, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, Arizona, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Cuba and even as far away as Columbia in
South America. Future Farmers interested in better beef are invited
to write for our illustrated folder. Or better still come visit us any time.
Visitors are always welcome.
Heart Bar Ranch
HENRY 0. PARTIN & SONS
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
Forestry Camp at Camp O'Leno attracted more than 200 FFA members during the summer. These pictures show: Upper left,
delegates getting a fence-post-treating lesson by cold soaking with pentachlorophenol under direction of Hillsborough-Pinellas
Forester Ben Juskie; Upper right, Naval Stores Agent Erdman West, Yr., of the Florida Forest Service demonstrating the proper
method to apply sulfuric acid to a bark-chipped "face" which is being worked for gum (The camper is holding a plastic acid gun
which is, growing in popularity with foresters.); Lower left, the first week's outstanding campers, left to right, Howard F. Tillis
of Palatka, Paul C. Patrick of Sneads, Herbert W. Futch of Shamrock and James E. Hurst of Mayo, receiving sheath knives from
State Forester C. H. Coulter; Lower right, Coulter presenting knives to second week's outstanding campers, left to right,
Raymond C. Futch of Plant City, David L. Sellers of Largo, Raymond S. Bouder of Sarasota, and Wayne Williams of Lake Placid.
Over 200 Attend Forestry Camp
OVER 200 FFA MEMBERS were given the
basic principles of forestry at the Six-
teenth Annual Forestry Training Camp at
O'Leno State Park, July 3o through August
This year the camp was divided into
two weeks featuring the same subjects in-
stead of having a week for first year dele-
gates and a week for second year delegates
as was the practice in previous years. The
courses were designed to give the dele-
gates a view of practical home forestry to
enable them to gain more "pine tree pros-
perity" from their farm woodlots.
Instructors at the camp were drawn from
the Information and Education, Fire Con-
trol, and Management branches of the
Florida Forest Service. 'he administration
of the camp was the responsibility of Di-
rector Wm. S. Chambers, Jr., Florida: For-
est Service chief of Information and Edu-
cation, and Rex S. Harper, Information
and Education forester, assistant director
both of Tallahassee. Charles W. Chalker
of the same office served as mess officer.
Information and Education Assistants Ed
Cavanaugh and Walter G. Martin, both
of Tallahassee, handled photography and
publicity respectively. Martin was also
Selection of eight delegates as outstand-
ing campers highlighted the two-week
camp. Chosen as outstanding campers
from the ioo boys in camp the first week
were: Howard F. Tillis, Palatka; Herbert
W. Futch, Shamrock; Paul C. Patrick,
Sneads, and James E. Hurst, Mayo. Of the
117 delegates in camp the second week,
those receiving this honor were: Ray S.
Bouder, Sarasota; Raymond C. Futch,
Plant City; David L. Sellers, Largo; and
Wayne Williams, Lake Placid. These boys
were selected by their fellow campers and
the camp supervisors members of the
Florida Forest Service. The outstanding
campers were awarded sheath knives as
Winners of contests during the two
weeks were: Tree Age Estimation-Canova
Howard, Lake Butler, and Wayne Wil-
liams, Lake Placid; Pine Seed Estimation-
Fred Yarbrough, High Springs, Harrell
Musgrove, Live Oak, and Jimmy Payne,
Sebring; Tree Volume Estimation-Billy
Taylor, Taylor, and George Kolmetz, Ver-
non; Compass Course-Charles McKnight,
Bunnell, and David Sellers, Largo. These
delegates received Boy Scout knives as
prizes for winning the contests.
In addition to the announcement of
the outstanding campers, leaders in the
forestry and education fields spoke to the
boys at the banquets. George Williams,
former Florida Forest Service naval stores
agent now with the Turpentine and Rosin
Factors, Inc.. Valdosta, Ga., was the main
banquet speaker Friday, August 4. Sea-
mon Hudson of the Container Corpora-
tion of America, Fernandina, was the
principal speaker at the banquet closing
the second week of camp.
State Supervisor of Vocational Agricul-
ture Harry E. Wood emphasized the im-
portance of forestry in the FFt program
in a short talk at the first banquet. He
also announced that Melvin Kilpatrick
of the Baker FFA Chapter won the Tri-
State FFA Speaking Contest, held in Geor-
gia this year. His subject was "The Im-
portance of Farm Forestry in Florida."
This announcement received a great ova-
tion from the FFA delegates and those
forestry officials attending the banquet.
In his speech, Williams emphasized the
importance of naval stores operations on
the farm forest. He told of the acid stimu-
lation tree chipping process which enables
the working of trees for years for gum
naval stores without impairing their value
as pulpwood or sawtimber. He compli-
mented the FFA on its school forest pro-
grams and the individual forestry efforts
carried out on the FFA members' farms.
At the banquet closing the second week
of camp, Hudson told of the strides in
forest conservation that have been made
by the pulpmills during recent years. He
told of the pulpmills' free seedling pro-
grams and their reforestation efforts on
their own lands. He likewise compliment-
ed the Florida Future Farmers on their
forestry efforts and challenged them to
pass on the knowledge that they had
learned at the Forestry Training Camp.
State Forester C. H. Coulter, who was
present at both banquets, praised the FFA
for its efforts in forestry and in other agri-
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
He also presented the sheath knives to
Throughout the two weeks, vocational
agriculture teachers from the districts rep-
resented at the camp were present. Dis-
trict supervisors T. L. Barrineau, Talla-
hassee, and J. G. Smith and Floyd L.
Northrop, both of Gainesville, attended
the camp at different periods during the
first and second weeks.
When out of class, the campers took
part in a full recreational program. Ath-
letics were under the direction of Elbert
A. Schory and Douglas F. Horan, Florida
Forest Service information and education
foresters, Lakeland. Hugh Sheffield of
Ocala handled the waterfront as well as
the camp first aid station. Entertainment
programs under the direction of Manton
R. Frierson, information and education
forester, Lake City, and Robert F. Samp-
son, information and education forester,
Ocala, were held each night of the camp
except on Fridays when the banquets filled
the after dark hours.
Among the entertainment featured at
this year's camp was music by Toby
Dowdy and his Hi Pointers, a popular
hillbilly band from Gainesville, variety
musical programs by Lake City girls, and
a square dance held each Thursday night
of the camp.
Commenting on the camp, State For-
ester C. H. Coulter said, "We now have
over 200 members of the FFA spreading
the work for forestry conservation and
practicing it all over the state. The work
of these boys will bring credit to them,
their FFA chapters, the camp contributors,
the Florida Forest Service, and the state
as a whole."
Among those contributing financially
to this year's camp were the Florida pulp-
mill members of the Southern Pulpvwood
Conservation Association. They are the
Container Corporation of America, Fcr-
nandina; International Paper Company,
Panama City; National Turpentine and
Pulpwood Corp., Jacksonville; Rayonier,
Inc., Fernandina; St. Joe Paper Company,
Port St. Joe; St. Regis Paper Company,
Cantonment. The American Turpentine
Farmers Association, Valdosta, Ga., also
contributed. Lumber mills contributing to
this year's camp were Alger-Sullivan Lum-
ber Co., Century; Brooks-Scanlon, Inc.,
Foley; Granger Lumber Company, Inc.,
Lake City; Neal Lumber and Manufactur-
ing Company Inc., Blountstown: Perpet-
ual Forests, Inc. Shamrock; Thomas Lum-
ber and Manufacturing Co., Quincy.
FIRST CHAPTER BANQUET Of the year was
Kathleen Chapter's Father and Son Ban-
quet, Friday Night, August 25. Doyle Con-
ner, past National President of FFA was
the main speaker for the event.
Entries JayCees Chapter Forestry Contest.... State
Ag. Teacher Conference .................... State
National Farm Safety Week...............National
FFA Forestry Training Camp...............State
Tri-State Public Speaking and Quartet Contest.Ala., Fla., Ga.
FFA State Officers Training ................ State
Southern Regional Public Speaking Contest...Regional
Southeastern Fat Hog Show & Sale..........State
Purebred and Fat Hog Show and Sale........Area
National Dairy Show ...... ................. National
FFA Convention ............................National
Livestock Show .............................National
Okaloosa County Agri. Fair ................County
North Florida Fair. ........................ Area
Gilchrist County Breeders Show.............. County
West Florida Hog Show.................... Area
Suwannee Valley Purebred and Fat Hog Show.Area
Hernando County Livestock Show ...........County
Gadsden County Tobacco Festival ........... County
Deadline-Chapter Program of Work ....... State
Sumter All-Florida Breeders' Show...........State
Nassau County Fair ......................... County
Volusia County Dairy Show. ............... .County
Walton County Fair and Livestock Show .... County
Hardee County Cucumber Festival Exhibit....C'ounty
West Florida Dairy Show................... Area
Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show ...........
Jackson County Fair and Livestock Show .....County
Hillsborough County Youth Show............ County
Deadline-Membership Dues to Attend FFA Day State
Polk County Youth Show .................. County
West Coast Dairy Show......................Area
Southeastern Brahman Show. ................ State
Pasco County Fair ......................... Countv
Pinellas County Fair........................ County
Southwest Florida Fair ..................... Area
Dade County Fair & Livestock Show......... County
Citrus County Fair ......................... County
Florida State Fair........................... State
FFA D ay.................................. State
West Florida Fat Cattle Show & Sale. ........ Area
National FFA W eek................ ..... ...National
Broward County Fair ...................... county
Deadline for Paying Dues .................. State & Nat'l
Central Florida Exposition ..................State
Deadline-Amer. Farmer Degree Applications..State
Deadline-FFA Foundation Award Applications. State
Southeastern Fat Stock Show & Sale..........Interstate
Florida Sportsmen's Exposition...............County
DeSoto Pageant & County Fair..............County
Highlands County Fair .................... County
Imperial Eastern Brahman Show............National
Deadline-State Farmer Degree Applications...State
State Dairy Contest (Southern Dairies) .......State
State Forestry Contest (SAL) ................ State
Banquet Contest (Sears. Roebuck & Co.) .....District
Southeast Florida Livestock Show ............Area
Copies of Public Speaking. .................
Sub-District FFA Contests. ...................
Deadline Entries in Cattlemen's Contest......State
Copies of Public Speaking ..................
District Contests ........................... District
Chapter Accomplishments Reports........... Chapter
Copies of Public Speaking.................
Selection delegates State Convention ........Chapter
Selection Delegates Forestry Camp .......... Chapter
State FFA Convention .................... State
Chapter Scrapbooks ........... .. ... .*.. State
Annual State Fish Fry .................. ... State
State FFA Banquet ........................ State
FFA Camp, Ga.
Kansas City, Mo.
Kansas City, Mo.
Oct. 31-Nov. 4
Tallahassee Dec. 1
Bartow Dec. 7-8
Jan. 29-Feb. 10
Feb. 27-Mar. 3
Dist. Adv. May 1
Chap. Dist. Chair. May 5
Dist. Adv. May 15
Dist. Adv. May 31
Dist. Adv. May 31
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
FFA Calendar of Events
FFA Accomplishments for 1949-1950
THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION, FFA, had, dur-
ing the past year, 133 chartered actil:;
local chapters with a total active mem-
bership of 6952 boys. There were 3808
Greenhands, 3065 Chapter Farmers, 70
State Farmers, and 9 active American
Farmers. There are, in addition, 6845
local Associate members, and 660 local
and state Honorary members. For 1949-50,
the total membership, active, Associate,
Honorary, was 14,464 persons. We should
attain a goal of over fifteen thousand
during this year.
A summary of some of the accomplish-
ments of these active members is given
I. Supervised Farming
Average number of productive enterprises
per member ........................... 2.13
Average number of improvement projects
per member ........................... 4.2
Average number of supplementary farm
practices per member................... 6.1
Percent of members with balanced farm
program .............................. 71.6
Percent of ownership of projects by members 78.1
Average number of new farm skills per
m em ber .............................. 11.4
Number of chapters having project tours... 122
Percent of chapters having photograph pro-
ductive enterprises ...................... 16%
II. Cooperative Activi
Chapters No. of
ous 105 324
III. Community Servi
Percent of chapters sponsoring
community services ..........
Percent of chapters participating
in improvement of crops and
livestock ..... ........
Preventing losses from diseases,
pests and injury.............. 10,4
Amount of food preserved......235,1
So ils ............ ...............
M anures ..........................
Protected forest ....................
Forest planted .....................
J. F. Williams Memorial Forests
(Established and/or care).........
Percent of chapters participating in
community beautification ........
Percent of chapters participating in
improving farm homes & other
Percent of chapters repairing and
reconditioning farm machinery and
equipment. Members & chapters.
Percent of chapters participating in
improvement of health in rural
Percent of chapters participating in
assisting needy farm families.....
Needy farm families assisted by
Percent of chapters that put on a
community display ..............
Percent of chapters having FFA
Banquets ................... ....
Percent of members participating in
two or more FFA Contests ........
Percent of qualified members receiv-
ing Chapter Farmer Degree...... 90%
Percent of qualified members apply-
ing for State Farmer Degree...... 70%
Percent of Florida quota (6) elected
for American Farmer Degree...... 100%
Percent of chapters with organized
leadership training program...... 52%
Percent of chapters making educa-
tional tours .................... 61%
Percent of chapters having two news-
paper articles per month in local
newspapers ..................... 80%
Percent of chapters having articles
in "State" Newspapers and Mag-
azines ......................... 85%
Percent of chapters having one radio
program ....................... 50%
Percent of chapters having one civic
club program ................... 63%
Percent of chapters having special
displays ....... ................ 52%
Percent of chapters having State FFA
Quartet, Harmonica, and String
Band contests broadcast, and State
Public Speaking winners speech
broadcast ....................... 100%
Percent of chapters having library
equipped with agricultural mag-
azines and at least 10 books...... 90%
Percent of chapters procuring all
eligible boys as members......... 99.2
Percent of chapters presenting Chap-
ter Program of Work as required. 98.4
Copies of State Future Farmer Mag-
azine published quarterly........ 10,000
Average number of members per
chapter ........................ 52
Valie o Executive IImicers j
$8662 Meet at Daytona B
34,681 THE FIRST MEETING of the new executive
ces officers was held in Daytona Beach, August
10-12, 1950, with all officers on hand. For
this meeting the officers were the guests
of the Chamber of Commerce at the Shera-
91% ton Plaza Hotel.
167 Head During their stay they were luncheon
592 Pints guests of the JayCees. Don Fuqua, Don-
516 Lbs. Meat
152 Lbs. Lard aid Plunkett, Harold Swann, and Lehman
Fletcher gave brief talks picturing the
10,989 Acres work of the FFA organization and their
3,011 Tons project programs. This program was
2,629 Acres broadcast.
Another program was broadcast with
19 Forests Reginald Martine, Manager of the Con-
80% vention Bureau. The Convention Bureau
also gave a luncheon at the Sheraton Plaza
80% for the officers at which "Red" Ruffing,
the former New York Yankee pitcher, now
74% members manager of the Daytona Beach Ball Team,
90% Chapters and Charlie Hale, Director of the Mary
Karl Vocational School, and Mr. Martin
75% were guests.
The officers were shown the facilities
398 families Daytona Beach offers for a State FFA
Convention. These were: the New Pea-
80% body and Mainland High School Audi-
80% torium, the remodeled housing quarters
at "Indianville", The "Band Shell" for
talent night, beach facilities for swim-
86% ming and fish fry. Interesting tour pos-
63% sibilities such as Marineland, DeLand
V. Earnings and Savings
Earned by 120 chapters.............$ 58,116
40 percent of chapters purchased
bonds worth .................. $ 25,257
Average labor income from Super-
vised Farming per member ....... $113.00
Total investment of all members in
Farming January 1, 1950.........$591,763.55
VI. Conduct of Meetings
Percent of chapters holding two out-
school meetings each month during
year ........................... 53%
Percent of chapters having local
meeting of 90 minutes or more.. 86%
Percent of attendance at regular
meetings ....................... 71%
Percent of membership with dues
paid by December 1.............. 67%
Percent of chapters with complete
paraphernalia .................. 95%
Percent of members owning an FFA
M annual ........................ 69%
Percent of chapters using parliamen-
tary procedure at all meetings.... 99%
Percent of chapters using official sec-
retary and treasurer books........ 66%
Average grade of members in all
high school subjects.............. 85
VIII. Recreational Activities
Average number of types of recrea-
tional activities per chapter...... 5.8
Average number of events in all
kinds of recreational activities.... 14
each Aug. 10-12
Vocational Agriculture School Farm and
Stetson University were suggested.
During their stay the officers reviewed
the Committee reports and minutes of
the State Convention and officially adopt-
ed the state program of work. The budget
for 1950-51 was made and adopted.
A leadership training program was
held, all the officers really working to get
the year off to a successful start toward
their goal for the most successful year in
the history of the FFA in Florida.
THE BRADFORD CHAPTER, FFA, will be
given a Ford tractor by the Dixie Equip-
ment Company of Gainesville in behalf
of Doyle Conner, past national President
ol FFA. It is to be used on the new FFA
farm which is being purchased by the
chapter. The presentation will be made
at a demonstration arranged by the Dixie
ARLEN WETHERINGTON, a member of the
Turkey Creek Chapter, Future Farmers of
America, has refused an offer of $700.00
for his prize Guernsey heifer only 16
months old. The animal was purchased
with several others from dairy farms in
Pennsylvania last fall, and Arlen paid
$195.00 for it at the age of 1 months.
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
The Capitol at Washington provides an unsurpassable background for this group of
Levy County FFA boys who toured the historic and educational sites in and around
the nation's capital.
Levy County Chapter Sees Nation's
Capitol in Annual Summer Tour
THIRTY-TWO LEVY COUNTY FFA boys re-
turned safely from a nine-day trip which
carried them to the nation's capital, Wash-
ington, D. C. The trip began July 7 and
ended July 15, and was made without a
Trip was designed as educational in
nature and was regarded by those making
the tour as highly satisfactory. Sidney D.
Padgett, Principal of the Cedar Key High
School, said, "The experience has ren-
dered a great good in the educational de-
velopment of our boys making the trip."
He added, "The whole thing has been
well done and the efficiency in learning
has been high." Mr. Padgett made the
trip as school personnel along with P. T.
Dicks of Chiefland and G. W. Pryor of
Some of the things seen on the trip in-
cluded Thomas Jefferson's old home at
Monticello, George Washington's home
at Mount Vernon, Robert E. Lee's home
at Arlington, Tomb of the Unknown Sol-
dier, Washington Monument, National
Art Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, the
F. B. I. Building, the Capitol building,
the Senate and House in Session, the Rock
Creek Park and Zoo together with a large
number of other governmental buildings.
The boys were housed at the National
Future Farmer Camp at Alexandria while
in Washington. Most of the time meals
were prepared for the group. Using the
National FFA camp as headquarters and
preparing a large percentage of the meals
reduced the cost per boy to an average of
less than $30.oo.
Several businesses made contributions
to the trip. Donors were the Levy County
State Bank, $25.00; Cedar Key State Bank,
$25.00; Perkins State Bank, $25.oo; Levy
County Board of Commissioners, $75.00;
M &c M Turpentine Company, $15.oo00;
Burns Lumber Company, $15.oo; and the
Patterson McEnnis Lumber Company,
$25.00. These donations caught all of the
transportation expenses and several mis-
cellaneous items of cost.
The trip climaxed a years planning on
the part of the agriculture teachers, Mr.
Dicks and Mr. Pryor. The boys making
the trip were chosen on the basis of their
agricultural and FFA accomplishments at
school and on the farm during the year
ending June 1, 1950.
Boys making the trip from Chiefland
included: L. C. Cannon, Alvin Hogan,
John Davis, Sammy Cason, Guy Willing-
ham, Junior King, Donald Cason, Burney
Keen, Franklin Owens, David Durrance,
Delano King, Ernest Harris, L. R. Hunter,
Jimmie Harris, James Rollins Hudson and
A. J. Mims.
Boys from Williston were: Wesley Smith,
Lawton Santerfeit, Bobby Culpepper,
William Carswell, Hal Rutland, Billie
Rutland, Duane Fugate, Miles Mixson,
and Maxie Fant.
Walter Beckham, patrol boy from Cedar
Key, also accompanied the group on the
Kraft Heads FFA
JOHN H. KRAFT, president of Kraft Foods
Company, was elected chairman of the
Sponsoring Committee for the Future
Farmers of America Foundation, Inc., at
the organization's annual meeting in
Mr. Kraft, long an active worker for
the FFA and holder of the Honorary
American Farmer degree, succeeds Frank
W. Jenks, Vice-President of International
Harvester Company, as chairman of the
The FFA Foundation is the organiza-
tion which receives donations from busi-
nesses, industrial firms, organizations and
individuals for the purpose of making
awards to deserving Future Farmers of
America members who show outstanding
accomplishment in the various fields of
agriculture for which awards are made.
The Sponsoring Committee is an organ-
ization of the donors, established to spread
interest in the activities of the Foundation
among other potential donors. Under Mr.
Jenks' leadership of the Committee, last
year the number of Foundation donors
was increased from 29 to 68. Contribu-
tions totaling $101,177.oo was a new high
for the Foundation.
In accepting the chairmanship for
1950 Mr. Kraft pledged himself and his
firm to' carry on the all-out effort to ex-
pand participation in the FFA Founda-
His interest in the Future Farmers of
America is a natural one for such a man
who was born on the farm and who has
continued personal interest in farming as
exhibited by the purebred Jersey herd that
he owns. As one of the team of brothers
who built the world's greate':t cheese
business from original capital of $65,
he has always been close to farmers and
interested in their development.
John Kraft was born June 6, 1891, near
Fort Erie, Ontario. In 19o9 he joined the
company founded six years earlier by
his eldest brother, James L. Kraft. In the
development of the company, "J. H." has
played a leading part-first as a pioneer
salesman with cheese in tins, later as gen-
eral sales manager, then as vice president
until 1943 when he assumed the presi-
dency as "J.L." became chairman of the
board of directors.
John Kraft's successful background in
an industry that is close to agriculture, his
background as a salesman, and the tre-
mendous drive and energy that he puts
into his work is expected to serve the FFA
Foundation well during his forthcoming
year as Chairman of the Sponsoring com-
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
The 13 Hillsborough County youngsters pictured above with vocational agriculture instructors from Plant City, Brandon and
Turkey Creek purchased the dairy calves from Pennsylvania through Turkey Creek Instructor W. H. Potter. Included are ten
FFA boys and three 4-H girls, all from Turkey Creek, Springhead and Brandon. Left to right, picture shows: E. C. Sewell,
Buddy Sewell, 7. O'Neal, G. W. Ford, Van O'Neal, John St. Martin (Instructor), Arlen Wetherington, all of Turkey Creek;
Harry Carlton (Instructor) of Plant City; Jurl Mansell, Glenvil Hall, Betty Ross, all of Turkey Creek; Nancy and Linda Potter
of Springhead; Potter; Charles Giddens of Brandon; D. D. Wetherington of Turkey Creek; Paul Mabry (Instructor) of
Brandon. Miss Emily King, East Hillsborough home demonstration agent, will supervise the 4-H girls in work with their calves.
Will Go to Wood
At Forestry Meet
HARRY E. WOOD, State Supervisor of Vo-
cational Agricultural Education and State
FFA Adviser of the Florida Association,
was selected as one of the five men in the
Nation to receive an American Forestry
Association Conservation Award at their
75th Anniversary meeting at Eagle River,
Wisconsin, October to, 1950.
The awards are given to recognize in-
dividuals in the Nation who have made
outstanding accomplishments in various
fields of conservation. A special commit-
tee receives and studies the many nomina-
tions and makes recommendations to the
AFA Board of Directors.
Mr. Wood was selected for his outstand-
ing work in the field of Education.
The many friends and co-workers of
Mr. Wood extend hearty congratulations
for this well-earned recognition.
FFA Boys Get Good Guernsey
Heifer Calves from Pennsylvania
FUTURE FARMERS are doing their part to
improve dairying in Hillsborough County.
Thanks to W. H. Potter, teacher in the
Turkey Creek High School and long rec-
ognized as a successful farmer and friend
of Vocational Agriculture, the Future
Farmers were able to receive thirteen reg-
istered show quality Guernsey heifer calves
fiom outstanding herds in Pennsylvania.
Mr. Potter agreed to furnish the truck
and help with the driving on the long trip,
when E. L. Hinton, agriculture teacher
made the proposal. Unfortunately before
the calves were loaded Mr. Hinton receiv-
ed word of the death of his brother in an
auto accident and left hurriedly for Ala-
bama and Mr. Potter drove the load of 13
calves all the way back to Florida. The
calves had to be unloaded, rested, fed and
watered once-the only stop-and the ani-
mals, valued at $2250.00, arrived in good
Precautions against loss have been taken
as the calves were vaccinated before being
shipped and all are insured for one year.
The calves range in age from six months
to one year and in price from $150.oo to
$225.00 The boys drew for heifers and
everyone seemed satisfied as there was
very little difference in quality.
Three 4-H Club girls received calves
and will be under the guidance of Miss
Emily King, Home Demonstration Agent
for East Hillsborough County, who is an
expert in calf raising though she does call
on Vocational Agriculture Teacher Harry
Carlton at show time to help with the
grooming. The girls receiving calves were
Linda Lee Potter of the Springhead 4-H
Club and Camilla Mabry of the Dover
Girls 4-H Club. Camilla is the daughter of
Paul Mabry, Agriculture Teacher at Bran-
don High School. The third 4-H Club
Girl to get a calf was Betty Ross of the
I urkey Creek 4-H Club.
Future Farmer members receiving calves
were Glenvil Hall, Jurl Mansell, Van
O'Neal, Arlen Wetherington and Buddie
Sewell of the Turkey Creek Chapter and
Bobby McLeod and William Gill of the
Brandon Chapter. Wetherington, Hall
and McLeod purchased two calves each.
A TRACTOR DRIVING CONTEST was held at
the Future Farmer field off the Okee-
chobee Road. Bill McIntosh of Fort Pierce
won first place and John McCullough of
Okeechobee was second.
DONALD BURCH, past State FFA Presi-
dent, has been awarded a $200.00 scholar-
ship by the National Association of Thor-
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
Future Farmers Incorporated
A BILL GRANTING a Federal Charter of Incorporation to the National Future Farmers
of America organization has been passed by the Congress and signed into law by
In addition to providing the prestige of recognition by the Congress of the
United States, the bill includes provisions for protecting the name and emblem of
the organization from infringement and gives definite authorization for employees
of the Office of Education (Federal Security Agency) and State Boards for Voca-
tional Education, whose salaries are paid in whole or in part from Federal Funds.
to participate in the administration and promotion of the Future Farmers of
The national FFA organization has been operating since its founding in 1928
under a regular corporate charter issued by the State of Virginia. It is an organ-
ization of high school boys who are studying vocational agriculture, and is sponsored
nationally by the Agricultural Service of the Office of Education in cooperation
with State Boards for Vocational Education. Current membership includes 319g,6t
farm boys in about 8,500 local high school chapters affiliated in 48 state associa-
tions, with territorial and insular associations in Hawaii and Puerto Rico.
Administration and activities of the FFA under the Federal Charter would
remain essentially the same as they have been in the past. The present "con-
stitution" which sets up FFA rules and regulations probably will be continued
as "by-laws" for the new corporation. The farm boy members will continue to
adopt and alter organizational rules at their annual National Conventions where
two FFA members from each State Association sit as voting delegates.
Trenton Has Had Vocational-Ag
In High School Since 1919
THE TRENTON HIGH SCHOOL has had Voca-
tional Agriculture in its curriculum since
1919. Mr. C. W. Long was the first teacher
in this department, and since that time the
department has had several teachers, includ-
ing H. E. Wood, who is now State Supervisor
of Vocational Education. Mr. Wood was
judged the Master Teacher of Florida while
in the Trenton Department from 1925-27.
Some of the most outstanding leaders of
the. Trenton community were former Voca-
tional Agriculture students, including:
Horace F. Arrington, Sr., father of H. F.
Arrington, Jr., who is president of the Tren-
ton Chapter this year, is co-owner of the
Trenton Hardware Company and operates
an 8oo acre farm; Jim Coleman, owner of
a 2oo acre ranch and farm; Muriel Williams,
a successful farmer and outstanding leader
in civic affairs; Murray Read, owner of a
20o acre farm; Eli Read, owner of a 360
acre farm, a former FFA member of the
Trenton Chapter, who received the American
Farmer Degree in 1939.
There are many former students of the
Vocational Agriculture department in the
Trenton community who are outstanding
farmers and a number of these FFA members
are making a success of farming in other
communities of the State. They attribute
any success that they have made in their oc-
cupations to the training they received while
enrolled in the Vocational Agriculture De-
partment of the Trenton School.
Herbert Brown is Vocational Agriculture
Teacher and FFA Adviser of the Trenton
Chapter at the present time. Mr. Brown
was reared on a farm in Alachua County and
attended the Waldo Junior High School.
While there, he took Vocational Agriculture
under B. K. Wheeler, who is the present ad-
viser of the Hawthorne and Waldo FFA Chap-
ters. Mr. Brown states that he made from his
project programs, while enrolled in voca-
tional agriculture, sufficient money to pay
his expenses through Junior High School.
His later education at Gainesville High
School and the University of Florida was
largely financed through his agricultural
knowledge. Mr. Brown says the FFA leader-
ship training taught him thrift, leadership,
and the ability to get along with people.
The members of the Trenton Chapter,
with the local Adviser, planned a five-year
program of work for the Chapter soon after
school opened in 1946, and each year in
September revisions and additions are made
to the chapter Program of Work to meet the
needs as indicated at the time.
The chapter has the following standing
committee to plan and execute the activi-
ties of the program: Supervised Farming
Committee, Cooperative Activities Commit-
tee, Community Service Committee, Leader-
ship Activities Committee, Earnings and Sav-
ings Committee, Conduct of Meetings Com-
mittee, Scholarship Committee, and Recrea-
The Supervised Farming Committee set
these goals: An average of 3g productive
enterprises per member; 1oo percent of mem-
bers to have a long-time balanced supervised
farming program with full ownership of
the project by each member; An average of
two continuation projects per member; Test-
ing dairy cows of the community for T. B.
and Bangs disease; Each member visiting at
least four other chapter members.
The committee on Cooperative Activities
suggested that the Chapter buy purebred live-
stock as a chapter project, buy improved cer-
tified watermelon seed for farmers and mem-
bers and that the chapter buy feed and sup-
The Community Service committee recom-
mended that landscape demonstrations be
held for educating members and farmers, that
demonstrations of new crops and fertilizer
practices be conducted, and that soil and
crop improvement demonstrations be carried
out on the Land Laboratory Plot.
The Leadership Committee recommended
that an Officer Training School be set up
to train officers and members in leadership,
that outstanding FFA members be given rec-
ognition for their services, and that the chap-
ter send a delegation to the National Con-
The Earnings and Savings Committee pre-
pared a budget for the Chapter and sub-
mitted it at the Chapter meeting for approval.
The committee recommended that each mem-
ber invest, at least, $150.oo in the Supervised
Farming Program, and that each member es-
tablish a savings account.
The Trenton FFA Chapter owns six acres
of land used as a land laboratory plot, ad-
jacent to the school grounds, and, in addi-
tion to land owned, they have rented sno
acres for demonstration purposes as indi-
cated in the Accomplishment Report. This
land has been fenced and plotted in areas
for use in different demonstrations.
The Trenton Chapter is located in the town
of Trenton, County Seat of Gilchrist Coun-
ty, with a population of 1500oo people. The
Chapter members come from the rural areas
composed of dirt farmers on approximately
The chapter has sold farmers seed, fertil-
izer and supplies, enabling them to secure
better seed and fertilizer for less money. It
has bought and sold watermelons, demonstrat-
ed pasture grasses, planted improved hybrid
corn, encouraged use of purebred livestock,
combatted wind erosion, encouraged beauti-
fication of farm homes and made its farm
shop available to farmers in its community
The Trenton Chapter has supplied five
State Officers for the State FFA Association,
since the beginning of the FFA organization.
The chapter has had one member to make
the American Farmer Degree, and has won
recognition for other outstanding achieve-
ment such as: first place winner, Quartettes;
Bankers' scholarships; chapter awards on
leadership achievements; and numerous first
place entries in livestock shows.
The Trenton Chapter won the first place
rating in the State Chapter Contest in 1947-
48, and again in 1949-50. The chapter also
took first place in the district in 1948-49.
We commend to FFA
members .the reforesta-
tion and fire prevention
program of the State of
MEMBER F. D. I. C.
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
we can do
to assist you
LOCALLY OWNED & Trust Company
AND MANAGED Trut Company
Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corportlion
Member Federal Reserve System
Veterans Make Progress During 1949
DURING THE YEAR OF 1949, two-hundred and eighty-three classes
were in operation, with an active enrollment of 5,505 trainees.
During the year 286 farms were purchased, which changed the
statue of the trainee from renter or sharecropper to owner.
They cleared 67,443 acres for cultivation, and seeded 10.371
acres for permanent pastures.
Below are practices with the total units and the number of
trainees that participated in each practice.
Land cleared (Acres) ................... ....
New Fence (Rods) .........................
Land bought (Acres) ......................
Acres owned (Number ................... ...
Acres rented (number) ....................
Acres sharecropped (Number) ..............
Farm shops constructed (Number) ...........
Dwellings constructed (Number ............
Dwellings owned (Number) ................
Barns constructed (Number) ..............
Poultry houses constructed (Number) ........
Dairy Buildings constructed (Number) .....
Terraces constructed or renovated (Miles) ....
Ditches constructed or cleaned (Feet) ......
Land reforested (Acres) ............... ....
Cover crops planter (Acres) ................
Legumes seeded (Acres) ..................
Irish potatoes planted (Acres) ............
Corn planted (Acres) ................... ...
Cotton planted (Acres) ................. .
Sugarcane planted (Acres) ................
Strawberries planted (Acres) ...............
Truck crops planted-Spring (Acres) ........
Sweet potatoes planted (Acres) ............
Truck crops planted-Fall (Acres) ..........
Pecans planted (Acres) ....................
Tobacco planted-Shade (Acres) ...........
Tobacco planted-Flu (Acres) ..............
Citrus planted (Acres) ....................
Ferns planted (Acres) .....................
Flowers planted (Acres) ...................
Sub tropical fruits planted (Acres) ..........
Other fruits planted (Acres) ...............
Peanuts planted (Acres) .................
Acres in pasture ...........................
Acres in Tung Oil ..................... .
Soils limed (Acres) ........................
Adapted Hybrid corn grown (Acres) ........
Crops Treated to control insects (Acres) ....
Permanent pastures seeded Acres) ..........
Legumes hay harvested (Tons) ............
Grass seed harvested (Lbs.) ...............
Clover seed harvested (Lbs.) ..............
Soybeans planted (Acres) .................
Baby chicks brooded (Number) ............
Laying hens fed balanced rations (Number) ..
Poultry vaccinated (Number) .............
Brooders constructed and renovated (Number)
Houses disinfected or whitewashed (Number)
Eggs produced (Dozen) ....................
Poultry killed for home use (Number) ....
Pigs raised (Number) ..................
Sows bred to pure bred boars (Number) ....
Farrowing houses constructed (Number) ....
Selt-feeders constructed (Number) ........
Hogs vaccinated (Head) .................
Hogs wormed (Head) .....................
Hogs butchered for home use (Lbs.) ........
Dairy cattle owned (Number) ...........
Mineral Mix used (Lbs) ...................
Milk produced (Gallons) ...................
Butter produced (Lb.) ....................
Dairy Cattle tested for Bangs and T B. (Number)
Barns constructed or renovated (Number) ..
Dairy calves raised (Number) ..............
Dairy cows artificially inseminated (Number)
Dairy cows bred to pure bred sires (Number)
Silage fed to Dairy cattle (Tons) ..........
Beef cattle owned (Head) ..................
Beef cows bred to pure bred sires (Head) ....
Beef calves fed for market or home use (Head)
Beef cattle treated for parasites (Number)
Beef cattle vaccinated (Head) ..............
Self-feeders constructed for Beef
cattle (Num ber) .................... .
Beef cattle Barns or Sheds constructed or
renovated (No.) ...................
Workstock owned (Number) ..............
Workstock vaccinated-Sleeping sickness (No)
Workstock treated for parasites (Number) ,.
Colts raised (Number) ....................
Shrubs transplanted and cared for (Number)
Fruit trees transplanted (Number) ........
Fruit trees pruned (Number) .............
Fruit trees sprayed (Number) ..............
Fruit trees budded or grafted (Number) ....
Gardens planted and cared for (Acres) ......
Food canned (Qts.) .......................
Food dried (Lbs.) .........................
M eat cured (Lbs.) ........................
Food stored in frozen lockers (Lbs.) ........
Lard rendered (Gallons) ...................
Tractors purchased (Number) ..............
Combines purchased (Number) ............
Mowers purchased (Number) .............
Other machinery purchased (Number) ......
Farm buildings constructed (Number) ......
Farm buildings painted (Number) .........
Hives of Bees (Number) .................. ..
Statistics on Individual Work
Trainees providing temporary pastures for hogs...... 2,961
Trainees scrubbing and disinfecting farrowing houses 717
Trainees establishing lawns .......................... 1,269
Trainees doing concrete work ....................... 1,819
Trainees painting outside of dwellings .............. 1,339
Trainees redecorating inside of dwellings ............... 1,446
Trainees dwellings wired for electricity ............... 2,183
Trainees homes installed with running water .......... 1,452
Trainees dwellings screened ......................... 2,541
Trainees homes installed with bathrooms ............ 896
Sanitary privies installed ........................... 1,713
Trainees planning Home Food Budgets .............. 4,517
Trainees painting machinery ........................ 1,150
Trainees testing soils for P. H. ...................... 1,925
Trainees culling flocks ............................ 2,790
Trainees providing green feed for poultry .......... 2,952
Trainees grading and candling eggs .................. 761
Trainees fencing poultry yards ...................... 2,938
Trainees changed from Renters to Owners............ 286
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
1: _.. 1 .7 -1 .~,. -i-7 _. I .-;L- I I 11-
PRA A,'4 r
Leroy Townsend, veterans teacher, points out to Guyton Williams the excellent condition of the hogs which have been grazing on
White Dutch clover at Leo Braeton's farm in Jackson County. Soybeans in foreground will furnish green grazing when clover is
gone. Braeton started his on-the-farm training in 1947 without an acre of improved pasture.
Lots of Interest
Shown in Jackson
County Corn Contest
by GUYTON WILLIAMS, Area Supervisor
ACCORDING TO veterans teachers in Jackson
County, the corn contest is attracting at-
tention from all over the county. John
Woodham, veterans teacher at Sneads,
says, "From all indications, we are expect-
ing a record, or near record yield, even
though the dry weather and hot winds
have caused considerable damage."
Howard Smith, veterans teacher at Grace-
ville, says, "Dry weather damage has been
spotty, and the majority of men in my
class have above the average corn this
year. All early plantings are averaging
to to 12 bushels above average, while
later plantings are giving poor yields."
Generally speaking, the seasons in most
areas of Jackson County have not been
conducive towards producing "bumper"
corn crops, however, due to some proven
practices such as early planting, plenty of
fertilizer and wise cultivation, a great
number of participants have made good
showings, not only in contest plots but in
larger acreages. The early planting has
been particularly beneficial this year, and
from present indications, there will be
yields that would not seem possible in the
The contest is proving that feed can be
raised more economically at home and
that through the proper practices, a really
good yield can be expected.
Corn contest is sponsored by the agri--
cultural committee of the Chamber of
Commerce under the guidance of H. J.
Turner, Chairman, veterans agriculture
teachers, J. D. Milton, County Superin-
tendent of Public Instruction, and the
County Board of Education.
Those who were eligible to enter were
veterans enrolled in the "On-The-Farm
Training Program", March 1, 1949. Two
hundred young farmers entered the con-
test, and approximately 150 of that num-
ber still remain in the contest.
Pasture Program Devised by Veterans
For Small Farms Gives Winter Grazing
IN APRIL OF 1948 the two veteran agricul-
tural classes in Cottondale, under the di-
rection of Leroy Townsend and John
S. Braxton, arranged a pasture tour in
the county. On this tour were seen various
kinds of clover and grasses which the
larger farmers had been very successful in
growing. After visiting these farms a plan
was devised which would fit the small
farms which the trainees owned and oper-
In October of 1949, 22 veterans planted
clover and other grasses on a small scale,
using Dixie Crimson Clover, Coastal Ber-
muda Grass, Common Bermuda Grass,
Louisiana White Dutch Clover, Hairy In-
digo, Kentucky 31 Fescue, Millet, Oats
In April of 1949 all the veteran classes
attended a tour of small farms in the Cot-
tondale area which were mostly owned
and operated by members of the two Cot-
tondale classes. That fall the Jackson
County Veteran Teachers pooled their or-
ders and purchased 4500 pounds of Dixie
Crimson Clover seed and 400 pounds of
Ladino Clover seed.
In April, 1950, another tour was held in
the county and all the veteran classes, FFA,
4-H Clubs and interested farmers at-
tended this tour which was concluded with
a tour of the experiment station farm near
On our recent tour the visitors saw the
results of how proper planning of a pas-
ture program can greatly improve the
quantity as well as the quality of live-
stock on a small farm. It was also pointed
out on this tour how use could be made-
of what is normally considered waste land
on the average farm, if the proper decisions
are made when selecting the proper
crops or grass for the particular type of
As each crop takes its place in the farm
program so should each grass take its place
in the pasture program. On this basis a
profitable grass cropping system has been
worked into the farm program.
At present a hog grazing program com-
prised of Oats, Rye, Dixie Crimson Clover,
Louisiana White Dutch Clover, Ladino
Clover, Dixie Wonder Peas, Millet and
Soybeans is advocated. The Oats and Rye
are planted in September. The Dixie
Wonder Peas are planted in September or
October. The clovers are planted in Oc-
tober. If the weather permits, the Millet
and Soybeans are planted in early March.
For Better Beef
GROW BETTER GRASS
Use time tested
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
Dirtless Farming Taught in Palm Beach
by CLIFFORD B. SAVAGE
YOU MAY THINK of the On-the-Farm Train-
ing Program as a "down to earth" way of
getting off to a good start in farming, but
there are seven members of classes in the
Palm Beach Center who are taking up
More specifically, these trainees are en-
gaged in what is usually called hydro-
ponics. The method is more correctly
termed nutriculture or gravel culture. A
water solution of essential plant nutri-
ents is pumped into the gravel filled bed
from a storage tank, at once, drained and
pumped out again and back into storage.
This process is repeated two or three times
a day according to crop and temperature,
thus keeping the gravel moistened with
nutrients and furnishing plant food con-
tinuously to the roots. Inverted half
round tiles or boards, furnish a channel
along the center of the bed.
Employment of gravel culture in slat
houses or greenhouses in southern Flor-
ida, as well as elsewhere, is creating the
interest of commercial and amateur grow-
ers of vegetables, cut flowers, and orna-
mental nursery stock.
One trainee, Henry Messeroll, a hydro-
pon'ic tomato grower at Delray Beach is
planning a new installation to produce
high priced ornamentals.
At present, the hydroponically minded
trainees are growing tomatoes as a fall,
winter, and spring crop, and add cucum-
bers and cantaloupes in the spring and
One of them, Archie Gilchrist, is grow-
ing hydroponic strawberries, and last fall
produced and sold many thousand to-
mato, pepper and egg plant seedlings.
These were sold to local growers for soil
planting. Gilchrist and Shelton Webb,
another trainee at Jupiter, both intend
to increase their plants next fall.
In addition to the commercial crops,
these seven trainees using hydroponic
plants are interplanting some of their fa-
vorite vegetables in the bed for family
use. These include sweet corn, cabbage,
salad greens, pole beans, radishes, and
watermelons. The quality of the vegeta-
bles in these family gardens is invariably
Leo Freda, of West Palm Beach, who
now has 35 one-hundred-foot beds in bear-
ing tomatoes describes his work as follows:
"Hydroponic farming is a full time job,
especially for those who cannot afford to
hire help. After the beds and tanks are
built, the gravel delivered, placed and
sterilized, the plants set and later tied up
to the trellis, there begins a continuous
round of work. This consists of feeding
the nutrient solution three times a day,
and spraying once every five days. Then
Si comes pruning, retying the growing
plants, also picking, packing and market-
"Advantages of a hydroponic installa-
tion over field growing are numerous:
(1) Simple and efficient sterilization of
the gravel, eliminating root-knot and other
types of root troubles; (2) Concentra-
tion of the growing area.-The tomato
plants are set one foot apart and trained
to grow as a single vine, and we had 5000
tomato plants in an area ioo feet by 150
feet which should bear a minimum of
iooo bushels each planting; (3) Feeding
,' plants a perfectly compounded solution
,1of all elements necessary for plant growth
-sixteen in all-results in healthier plants,
better fruit and a more healthful product
to the consumer.
"It is evident that consumers are be-
coming 'increasingly aware of the virtues
of hydroponic grown tomatoes and will
pay more for them."
Mr. Freda also points out that hydro-
ponic culture is well adapted to Florida
growing,.stating that the growing season
coincides well with the tourist season. He
states that picking begins in December
and continues through to June or July and
that the winter visitors are "sold" on hy-
Installation costs of a hydroponic plant
are relatively high, but the construction
is permanent and should last indefinitely.
A conservative cost of one-hundred-foot
concrete bed, three feet wide, eight inches
high and ioo feet long, including trellis,
supports and seven tons of gravel, is
$25o.oo according to Freda. However, he
and his brother John Freda did all the
work, which makes a lot of difference. The
operator who contracts the work will pay
much more. Other construction costs are
the storage tank pipe, deep well, wind
break, and a packing and storage house.
Costs will vary greatly. No attempts will
be made to reach specific figures. Opera-
tional cost records of the plants under
supervision are not complete and cannot
at this time be accurately given. In most
cases, labor costs should be less in hydro-
ponics than soil farming since much more
produce is made on much less space.
Skill in formulating nutrient solutions
to suit the needs of the crop and the season
Hydroponics is dirtless farming. Top to is essential in successful hydroponic farm-
bottom, these pictures show: Teddy Krol, ing. Nutritional balance is imperative as
instructor, checking strawberry plants in indicated by deficiency symptoms, blos-
Archie Gilchrist's plant at Boynton Beach; som drop and resulting lowered yields
Howard Messeroll checking his tomatoes when the balance is off. Adjusting the
at Delray Beach; Clifford B. Savage, in-
structor, checking canteloupes at the H. E PH of the solution and holding it with-
Davis plant near Delray Beach; Leo in narrow limits, also is important. If
Freda, trainee, cleaning and grading toma- and when basic research in hydroponics
toes near West Palm Beach. is instituted in Florida, influence of the
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
physiological angle should be seriously
Experience will teach the hydroponic
grower that the plants as grown are far
from immune from disease and insect pest
depredations. In fact, two successive to-
mato crops were almost completely de-
stroyed by bacterial wilt in a large plant
in Palm Beach County two years ago. The
reason was lack of complete bed steriliza-
tion. This has been corrected by steriliz-
ing with formaldehyde. Several types of
mosaic diseases have also been observed.
Strict sanitary methods and control of
virus-carrying insects are thoroughly prac-
ticed by successful growers. Virus diseases
are always most dangerous on plantings as
concentrated and handled as much as
those in hydroponic culture.
Late blight infection on hydroponic
grown tomato plants has not been severe
in this area during the current season.
Gray leaf spot (Stemphyllium solani) has
been severe in some hydroponic plants.
Dithane-zinc and Parzate-zinc spraying
have been effective for both diseases.
Home Made Machine
THE TWO VETERANS' CLASSES at Greensboro
constructed a small Clover seed harvester
for use on their small plots of Crimson
Clover for saving 'seed to enlarge their
They found a picture of this type of
harvester in the April issue of Progressive
Farmer. By writing to the county super-
intendent of public instruction in Thonm-
aston, Georgia, where this machine was
built, a copy of the plans were obtained.
Using an old bicycle, some sheet metal,
angle iron, strap iron, and a set of bear-
ings and a great deal of cooperative etfort,
a machine was completed in a few days.
When Clover was mature, this machine
was used by members of these classes who
helped to build it. It moved from one
farm to another as Clover ripened until
every member had a chance to use it.
Construction of this hand-operated seed
harvester was supervised by A. D.
Plemmons, veteran teacher, photographed
with the machine.
Practical mechanics was taught to vocational agriculture teachers in workshops con-
ducted at three Florida cities during the summer by A. H. Hollenberg, shop specialist
for the U. S. Office of Education. Upper left, Hollenberg (right) demonstrates a point
in tractor maintenance. Upper right, IV. H. Parady, (right) shop specialist for the
Florida Department of Education, shows sparkplug cleaning procedure. Lower left.
Hollenberg (left) watches as vet teachers do it themselves. Lower right, three veteran
teachers try to find out why that tractor won't run.
Mechanized Farming Brings
1\ECHANIZED FARMING is rapidly taking its
place in Florida and to keep up with the
trend, every effort is being made to edu-
cate our young farmers in the operation
and maintenance of farm tractors and
equipment. To further this effort, H. E.
Wood, State Supervisor of Vocational
Agriculture and G. C. Norman, Veterans
Supervisor of Vocational Agriculture laid
the foundation for tractor maintenance
workshops to be conducted in tlh state this
summer for high school and veteran teach-
ers of vocational agriculture.
The services of A. H. Hollenberg, Farm
Mechanics Specialist, U. S. Office of Edu-
cation, were obtained and Mr. Hollenberg,
with the assistance of W. H. Parady, Farm
Shop Specialist, Florida Vocational Agri-
culture Department, scheduled three such
workshops. These were held at Plant
City the week of June 26, Tallahassee the
week of July 3, and Gainesville the
week of July to. A total of 83 teachers,
both high school and veterans, attended
these courses. Complete instructions were
given in the care and maintenance of all
makes of wheel-type farm tractors.
It was gratifying to see the cooperation
received from local tractor dealers and
farmers who furnished the tractors in mak-
ing these workshops successful. A total
of 23 tractors was used and each tractor
was in the desired field condition. Spe-
cial recognition should be given the Amer-
ican Oil Company and C. R. Lund, direc-
tor of rural youth activities of the Ameri-
can Oil Company. Mr. Lund was pres-
ent at the Tallahassee and Gainesville
workshops and discussed the subjects of
fuels and lubricants. The American Oil
Company furnished practically all the
luels and lubricants that were used at
these two workshops.
In addition to the general preventative
maintenance jobs that were taught at
these workshops, the very important sub-
ject of "Safe Farm Tractor Operation" was
stressed and pointed out to be the most
important phase of the course. The great-
est cause for accidents on the farm is
carelessness and with a tractor, it is usually
the "nut behind the wheel" that is the
cause of accidents and breakdowns.
Mr. Wood and Mr. Norman state that
this is only the beginning in teaching these
important subjects of care and mainten-
ance of farm tractors and equipment.
Every el fort will be made to conduct simi-
lar workshops throughout the state until
all the high school and veterans vocational
agriculture teachers have had an opportu-
nity to attend and be better qualified to
pass this information on to the high school
agricultural students and the veterans en-
rolled in the on-farm classes. Maybe then
our farmers will be able to operate their
tractors from lo,ooo to 12,000 hours with-
out a major overhaul as it should be in-
stead of the usual 5,000 to 6,ooo hours.
When that day comes, it can be truthfully
said that the time and effort have been
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1950
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