Front Cover

Group Title: Florida future farmer
Title: The Florida future farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076598/00027
 Material Information
Title: The Florida future farmer
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Kissimmee Florida
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Agricultural education -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1938-
Numbering Peculiarities: Volumes for 1956-1957 both numbered v. 17.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076598
Volume ID: VID00027
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01405300

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12-13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
Full Text



Tampa Fair Beckons

Kansas City
Convention Reports

County Fair Exhibits




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The miracle of meat

ALL of us in the livestock-meat in-
dustry know that meat is appetizing,
wholesome, satisfying. "It sticks to the
ribs." People like it. But perhaps we
don't all realize just what a miracle
food meat really is. We know it's good
-but do we know how good it is for
people ... how important to the health
of individuals and of the nation.
If you feed livestock or poultry you
know the importance of protein in
their ration. It's just as important in
the human diet. Proteins are known as
the building blocks of the body. They
build and renew the living cells in
muscles, tissue and blood.
Meat supplies the essential protein in
a form that our bodies can use most
readily. The most valuable protein foods
-meat and poultry, milk, eggs and fish
all contain what are known as amino
acids. There are 23 different amino acids.
Ten of them are absolutely essential to
human health. All ten are found in meat.
Important vitamins, too, like riboflavin,
niacin, thiamin ... and "APF" (ani-
mal protein factor), the newly discov-
ered, very important vitamin B12 that's
found only in animal products.
Most new discoveries about the nutri-
tional value of meat have been made in
the past fifteen years. Credit goes to
research scientists in universities, in
government service and in privately
financed laboratories of industry, such
as Swift's Research Laboratories.
The more people we can tell the above
facts, the better for all of us. First, peo-
ple who eat meat and other protein
foods regularly will be healthier. Next,
with ample meat in their diet, they'll
get more benefit from cereals, fruits and
vegetables and other foods they eat. Of
course, the more meat that's eaten, the
better the demand for meat, the better
the market for livestock.
Swift & Company has often said,
"Nutrition is our business It's yours,
too! So when you talk with your friends
and neighbors, tell them these facts about
"meal, the miraclefood." We will continue
to tell them, too, by our advertising;
and by passing along to them the find-
ings of our Research Laboratories and
Martha Logan Test Kitchens.
Every livestock producer and meat
packer has a vital public interest and a
private personal interest in promoting
better nutrition in America. Let's work
together in promoting it!

vfatnAa .2'eyaw 'Rec4 4ew
(Yield: 5 servings) 4-oz. pkg. noodles
1 Ib. grd. pork 2 qts. boiling water
1 egg Y2 cup diced green pepper
Seasoning 1 cup diced cooked rutabaga
Flour 2 tbsps. shortening
Combine pork, egg, and seasoning. Form into
1-inch balls. Roll in flour. Brown in hot fat. Boil
noodles in salted water 10 minutes. Drain. Com-
bine noodles, green pepper, and rutabaga.
Place in greased 2-quart casserole. Place pork
balls on top. Bake in a moderate oven (3500 F.)
about 40 minutes or until pork is well done.

Swift & Company

Nutrition is our business-and yours

Farming as a Business
H. B. Howell, Ext. Farm c
Management Specialist
Iowa State College,
Ames, Iowa
Good farm planning
anticipates changes. It
includes not only de-
cision on how to use
available resources- H. B. Howell
your land, labor, and capital to pro-
duce an income-but also how to use
the income after it is produced.
Records kept on 51 Iowa farms (160
acres each) in 1948 reveal some funda-
mentals of successful farming:
1) Production or volume of busi-
ness is of first importance. The high
17 farms averaged $14,000 production
per man; the low 17 farms only $7,800.
2) The top farms used a combina-
tion of all resources-not just some of
them-to get the greatest return. They
fed enough grain to make efficient use
of roughages; kept enough land in sod
to maintain fertility; raised enough
livestock and crops to keep man power
fully employed; had enough machinery
to do the work efficiently.
3) Good practices paid dividends.
The best 17 farms produced $177
worth of livestock for each $100 worth

of feed fed, while the comparable re-
turn was only $117 on the low 17
farms. Top farms averaged 87 bu. of
corn per acre; low farms only 67 bu.
Good practices can easily increase
crop yields and feed returns by 20%.
4) Farm records, such as used in
this study, help measure results; show
up weak spots and make a sound basis
for planning ahead. Your state exten-
sion service can help you set up the
proper records for your farm or ranch.

"Gee, Country Cousin, 'tain't no joke..
Old Nell's afire. She's breathing smoke!"

Where the Meat Goes
It's a large country,
this United States... *
withcloseto 150,000,-
000 people in it. They
live on 5,859,169
farms and ranches,
and in about 125,000
cities and towns.
Most of these millions
of people want meat. Last year they
ate an average of 146 pounds of it
apiece. That adds up to over twenty
billion pounds-to be distributed all
over the 2,977,128 square mile
length-and-breadth of our country.
That's a man-size job
S To handle it takes the
services of over 4,000 meat
packers (including Swift
g & Company) and 14,000
other commercial slaughterers of
livestock in the United States. The
average 1000-mile gap between
where the livestock is produced and
where the meat is eaten must be
bridged. One end of our
"bridge" reaches west of
the Mississippi, where /
two-thirds of the meat
animals are produced.
The other end reaches
the markets to the east, where two-
thirds of the meat is consumed.
But that's only one of the jobs we
do. Another important one is to
match up the nationwide supply
against the nationwide demand.
From day to day the numbers and
grades of animals marketed vary
greatly (which accounts largely for
the day-to-day ups and downs in live-
stock prices). Also from area to area
the people's meat preferences vary
greatly. In New York and Boston
they want heavy beef cuts. Pork
eaters in Los Angeles and Baltimore
prefer the lighter, leaner cuts. And
so it goes, all over the map., It's an
important part of our job to see that
the various grades of meat and kinds
of cuts go where there is the highest
preference and most demand for
them. Thus Swift & Company ren-
ders a twofold service-both by
bringing to consumers the kind of
meat they want, and by bringing to
producers the
benefit of a nation- .LM sIV e)' S
wide demand.gri rl R rh Dt.
Agricultural Research Dept.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

By Way of Editorial Comment:

Gala Welcome Assured at Tampa

For 1950 Florida State Fair

FLORIDA FUTURE FARMERS OF AMERICA are assured of a gala welcome at the 1950
Florida State Fair next January 31-Feb-ruary 11, inclusive.
For months a Committee of State Fair Directors has been busy with plans for
housing the boys on the nights of February 3 and 4; plans for cash awards for prize-

winning cattle; plans for the big day
FFA participation by payment to each
FFA exhibiting cattle a sum to help him
meet the expense of transporting and
feeding his animal. This is in addition
to record-level prize money in each class
of dairy and beef cattle, with first place,
$12.50; second place, $1o; third place,
$7.50; fourth place, $5.00.
There will be the big parade of chap-
ter members before the Fair Grounds
grandstand. State Fair Association Pres-
ident Carl D. Brorein, an honorary Fu-
ture Farmer for many years, will make
the welcome address. Officers of the
Florida Future Farmers Association, led
by State President L. V. Vaughn, Tate
Chapter, Gonzalez, will take part in
these ceremonies.
H. E. Wood, State Advisor, and J. G.
Smith, District FFA Supervisor, are work-
ing closely with the Fair management,
including Chairman R. D. Jackson and
members of the Livestock & Poultry Com-
FFA livestock owners may enter their
dairy and beef cattle in "open" compe-
tition against purebreds of the adult ex-
hibitors. Dairy cattle will show the first
week, beef cattle the second, with some
of both beef and dairy cattle on exhibit
each week in order that chapters may
compete in National Program judging.
Chapter teams will engage in other

of February 4; plans for encouraging


agricultural judging competition.
The first two units of our new Live-
stock Building will be ready-16o ft. x
2oo ft., with a show ring 45 ft. x 82 ft.,
(Continued on page 22)

Future Farmers
are always welcome!


We commend to FFA
members the reforesta-
tion and fire prevention
program of the State of



we can do
to assist you
with your

Member Federal Deposit Insuronce CorporatioL
Member Federal Reserve System

hrrl COV L. H. Lewis, left, livestock specialist with the Florida State
e Cover Marketing Bureau, conducts a grooming demonstration at
Plant City during the Hillsborough County Junior Agricultural Fair. Looking on
are Vocational Agriculture Teacher Hinton of Turkey Creek, and two Turkey Creek
Future Farmers.

Published four times per year, January, April, July, and October hv the Cody Publications, Inc,
Kissimmee, Florida for the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America

President................L. C. Vaughn, Gonzalez
Vice President ....... .Matt Mathews, Allentown
2nd Vice President.......Alvin Futch, Plant City
3rd Vice President........Charles Alford, Palatka
4th Vice President ...... Howell Waring, Madison
5th Vice President......... Mittie Bronson, Ocoee
6th Vice President....George Sprinkle, Homestead
Executive Secretary.... A. R. Cox, Jr., Tallahassee
State Adviser............H. E. Wood, Tallahassee

President......George J. Lewis, Hersman, Illinois
Ist Vice President...J. Rogers Fike, Aurora, W. Va.
2nd Vice President...Joe B. King, Petaluma, Calif.
3rd Vice President........... Meril T. Cartwright,
Bonneville, Miss.
4th Vice President..Glenn F. Lackey, Delaware, 0.
Student Secretary.............. Donald Bakehouse,
Owatonna, Minn.
Executive Secrctary.A. W. Tenney, Washington, D. C.
Executive Treasurer ........... Dowell J. Howard,
Winchester, Va.
National Ad iser.W. T. Spanton, Washington, D. C.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

'Conner Special' Carries 203 Floridians

To National FFA Convention in Kansas

City; Brings Back Honors for Florida

by Lois WOOD
THERE ARE MANY WAYS to tell of a week's
trip-324 in this case-a different way for
each person who was on board the "Doyle
Conner" Special Train to the Future
Farmers of America Convention in Kan-
sas City, Missouri, October 9-16, 1949.
The "Doyle Conner Special" (named
in honor of Doyle Conner of Starke, Flor-

ida, the 1948-49 National President of
279,000 Future Farmers of America) left
Jacksonville, October 9th. Future Farm-
ers from a hundred Florida towns and
communities were aboard. Senator
Claude Pepper rode the train with them
as far as Atlanta. He held an open for-
um in the observation car as the train
rolled along. The boys crowded in and

On the return trip from the National Convention, Future Farmers of America,
Florida Future Farmers attended a banquet at the Maxwell House in Nashville,
Tennessee as guests of the Southern Agriculturist. Bottom picture shows the Doyle
Conner Special Train just before it left Jacksonville for the Kansas City convention.

asked questions about labor, civil rights,
foreign affairs, the atom bomb, agricul-
tural problems, and everything in the
At Albany, Atlanta, and Nashville,
more Future Farmers and more cars
were added until there were 324 passen-
gers on board the i-car train, 203 from
Florida, 45 from Georgia, 38 from Ala-
bama, and 38 from Tennessee. On its
1000 mile run to Kansas City, the train
went past Florida truck, peanut, and
corn fields, Georgia peach orchards, Ala-
bama cotton fields, Tennessee lupine
pastures, Kentucky blue grass, Illinois
corn and alfalfa fields, Indiana barns
stuffed with timothy and clover hay, and
through the as-yet-unfrosted Missouri pas-
tures with herds of fine Herefords and
Guernseys grazing on the rolling hills.
Five railroads had been traveled over
when the train pulled into the Union
Station in Kansas City, the Atlantic
Coast Line, the Central of Georgia, the
Louisville and Nashville, the Nashville,
Chattanooga and St. Louis and the Wa-
At Kansas City there were over 7,000
in attendance at the convention in the
enormous Municipal Auditorium, with
two official delegates from each State,
also two each from Hawaii and Puerto
Rico, making ioo delegates in all. With
Doyle Conner wielding the gavel, all
meetings were run according to parlia-
mentary law. There were many fine
speeches and music programs throughout
the week. English farm boys who are or-
ganizing a group in Great Britain similar
to the FFA, were present and they gave
talks on their visits to FFA Chapters in
various parts of the United States. The
Future Farmers, who have met in Kan-
sas City for 22 years, have evidently made
a good impression, for the red carpet was
rolled out with a flourish, and the boys
were warmly welcomed by the Mayor and
the people of Kansas City. A number
of pretty girls came down to tell the boys
goodbye when the convention was over.
A few of the honors brought back by
the Florida Future Farmers were: Amer-
ican Farmer Degrees conferred on Mau-
rice Edwards, Starke, Florida; William
Futch, Plant City, Florida; Frank McIn-
tosh, Paxton; Lloyd Monroe, Summer-
field, Florida; Bill Norris, Jasper, Flori-
da; Lynn Ward, Chiefland, Florida;
Gold Emblem Chapter Awards to Paxton

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

The delegation of Florida Future Farmers makes an imposing picture in front of
National FFA convention in October 1949.

and DeLand; Silver award in judging
livestock; Bronze award in judging meats.
Jimmy Morgan won Gold award in in-
dividual judging of livestock. Mr. Bailey
was one of the outstanding judges in Na-
tional Public Speaking Contest, and
Doyle Conner of Starke, Florida, the best
National President ever to preside over a
National Convention.
As the train returned south, there was
a stop-over in Nashville, Tennessee. The
Southern Agriculturist Magazine editors
and staff had prepared a full evening of
entertainment for the Future Farmers on
the "Doyle Conner" Special Train. A
banquet was given in the Maxwell House
Hotel ballroom, then the Future Farmers
were given tickets to the Grand Old Opry
show at WSM. They were recognized
during a nation-wide hook-up there.
The boys were tired but happy as the
train drew near home once more. Many
of them slept soundly in their reclining
chairs. Several climbed up in the bag-
gage racks overhead and stretched out on
pillows for a good rest. Fortunately the
racks sloped inward and nobody rolled
out. Some of the boys played cards on
tables in the observation coaches, some
read comics, newspapers, magazines, or
books, the string band members strum-
med lively music at times, a harmonica
player leaned back with eyes closed and
practiced a hounds-and-hunting piece.
Several of the boys were playing with
"step-walkers" coils of wire which
opened and closed. The Starke chapter
members were busy running a snack bar,
which did a "land-office" business dur-
ing the times when the diner was not on
the train. Everywhere the bright blue
FFA jackets with gold emblems and let-
tering were worn proudly by the boys.
Ten-gallon hats and cowboy boots were
popular articles of clothing too.
To get as many viewpoints as possible,
brief interviews were held with some
Florida Future Farmers, and with Flor-
ida's Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion, Thomas D. Bailey and Mrs. Bailey,
and with National President of FFA,
Doyle Conner, after he joined the group
on the train at Nashville.
The boys interviewed were chosen at
random here and there throughout the

line of swaying cars. Gerald Stokely of
Greenville, who grows tobacco, corn and


"Florida Feeds
for Florida Needs"



7- ., ,. "-,.. -- ^ :~ -

the Music Hall in Kansas City at the

cotton, and Edwin Prevatt of Starke, who
is raising an 8-month-old Brahman bull,

X-ke C-?ei Na.4

Can .At4 v*6 Plan

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

ALL our efforts over a span of forty years have been
directed toward one goal the betterment of Florida agriculture.
All that we have learned by experience, research and field study
is available to you.
"The X-CEL Man Can Help You Plan" and will be very
happy to do so. Please feel free to consult us about any Florida
agricultural problem.
contains a premium coupon which is redeemable in nationally
advertised merchandise. Write for catalog. Then select your
merchandise and save X-CEL coupons.


a3 L6 r .

i r4


Florida at the National Convention Top picture shows the livestock judging team
from Plant City representing Florida at the American Royal Livestock Judging
contest, (from left) J. D. DeHaan, Lawrence Carlton, Alvin Futch and Jimmy
Morgan Center panel depicts Chilean Nitrate leadership award winners from
Florida, (left to right, front to rear) Travis Morgan, Winmama, L. C. Vaughn,
Gonzalez, Van E. Couthern, Clewiston, Gene Norris, Hastings and Don Fussell,
Webster Bottom picture shows national glee club and band members from Florida
(left to right, front to rear) Idral Bowen, Moore Haven, Charles Herndon, High
Springs, Carthel Williams, Chipley, Billy Holley, Blountstown, Merwyn Barrineau,
Gonzalez, and Donald Betts, Sarasota.

M 1 S i I

a dairy heifer and a woods cow at home,
and Charles Seckinger of Williston, who
is raising a registered Duroc-Jersey sow,
a bunch of pigs and some pasture cows,
all three said that they liked looking at
the fine purebred animals at the Ameri-
can Live Stock Royal. Robert Civil of
Anthony, who was playing set-back with
Edwin, summed it up by saying, "I liked
Charles Johnson of Hilliard, who
lives on a white Leghorn poultry farm,
and Horace Arrington of Trenton, who
grows corn, peanuts and watermelons,
both said that they liked the trip through
Swift meat packing plant. They spoke
of the cleanliness and the speed with
which the hogs and cattle were butchered
and placed in cold storage. Charles and
Horace saw the Swift kitchen too, and
listened to a broadcast on cooking a
crown roast of lamb and a rib roast of
beef. Charles had also been to the Nel-
son art galleries and said he liked the
Egyptian exhibits a lot.
George Pryor, Vocational Agricultural
Teacher in Williston, and J. W. Smith,
Past-President of the Williston FFA
Chapter, were impressed by the Pratt-
Whitney plant in a mile-square building,
said to be the largest factory under one
roof in the world. During the war air-
craft motors were made there by 42,000
workers, but Bendix washing machines
are being manufactured there now.
"I liked K. C." Steve Rocise of Home-
stead said. "But the coal smoke has
made the city look dirty. The farm land
up there must work down easier than the
sticky muck does where I grow tomatoes
and potatoes at the edge of the Ever-
glades. I'll have to get busy setting out

my two acres of plants when I get home.
Surely have seen lots of things on this
trip I would never see otherwise. Guess
I was most impressed by seeing the way
the cows were butchered and by seeing a
Ford roll of the assembly line every min-
ute and a hall."
E. J. Barden of Vero Beach, who lives
on a 36o-acre orange grove, said he liked
the meat packing plant and the Live
Stock Royal, especially the Chester White
hogs and the fine horses. "I didn't see
any Florida oranges in Kansas City," he
added. "Just those shriveled up Califor-
nia oranges."
Wright Crosby of Greensboro, who
has ten Herelords and Jerseys and five
acres of corn at home, said "the thing
that I remember best is the Auditorium
-the way it was built. All that big in-

side and no pillars holding up the ceil-
ing anywhere. It seats 17,ooo, and there
are no pillars, not even under the bal-
conies. Sure would like to know how
they did it. I liked going out and watch-
ing the ice hockey games at a building in
the southwest part of the city too."
Ray Duren of Kathleen, who has
cattle and hogs for his project, said he
visited the National Headquarters of De-
Molay, and went to the City Zoo, and
made other short trips. "This week has
been more educational to me than two
months of school," he said emphatically.
Bill Norris, Jasper, who received the
American Farmer Degree at the Conven-
tion, said Kansas City was mighty nice
to the Future Farmers, or it wouldn't
have put up with some of the things they
(Continued on page 14)

The observation end of the Doyle Conner Special attracted these friends of Future
Farmers as the train pulled out of the Jacksonville Union Station. From left are F.
L. Northrup, district supervisor, Gainesville, A. Rice King, Florida passenger agent
for the N.C.& St.L. Railway, J. G. Smith, district supervisor, Gainesville, Don Burch,
Florida delegate, Sen. Claude Pepper, L. C. Vaughn, president Florida FFA, H. L.
Sitterson, district passenger agent for A.C.L., J. Marcus Phillips, assistant general
passenger agent, C. of Ga., A. B. Alford, Jr., agricultural and livestock agent, A.C.L.
At left behind Mr. Smith is Dr. E. W. Garris of University of Florida. At left behind
Senator Pepper is Ray Paschall, assistant passenger traffic manager, A.C.L. Above
and behind Mr. Sitterson is J. iW. Moore, of the L. & N., and behind Mr. Alford is
John S. Stallings of the L. & N.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

Soil Conservation is Prime Requirement

For Advancement of Civilization

Marianna Chapter, FFA
THE CHIEF CONCERN of the human race is
its physical needs. Its greatest needs,
food and clothing, depend entirely upon
the soil which is intimately associated
with life. Plants and animals have lived
upon the earth for ages and ages because
soil exists.
The soil antedates the most ancient
forests. It is the heritage of all life, the
source of all food, the beginning of
wealth, and the basis of civilization. It
is a cradle for the seed, sustenance for
the growing plant, and a grave for the
dead. When the soil loses its fertility,
empires decline, and nations crumble.
The first farmers in America were the
Indians; then came from England the
early settlers, landing in Jamestown, Vir-
ginia in 1607. Land was plentiful, and
would yield an abundance of crops with-
out any thought of soil depletion. When
land became poor and worn out, nothing
was thought of it because there was plen-
ty of new land that was waiting to be
The successors of Columbus beheld a
continent of abundance beyond their
fondest dreams, a continent rich in land,
minerals, water, fertile soils, timber, fish
and wild life. They believed these
things to be inexhaustible, and generally
their descendants still cling to this belief.
All who have studied American history
know something about Washington as a
General and as President, but little
about him as a farmer. Washington was
probably the first American farmer to
consider soil conservation as a problem.
His concern about soils is shown when
he said, "Our lands were originally very
good, but poor farming practices and
abuses have made them quite otherwise."
As a means of keeping his lands in a
state of good production, Washington de-
cided to grow less tobacco and corn.
"Tobacco", he said, "is very hard on the
soil," and of corn he decided to produce
only the necessary amounts. The keep-
ing of livestock on his farm and the ro-
tation of crops was a prominent idea of
his in keeping the soil on his farm in top
producing condition.
Since the days of George Washington,
no nation in history has gone ahead so
rapidly or so recklessly in the utilization
of its natural resources as has the Uni-
ted States. No other nation has been
guilty of permitting soil destruction at
a rate so appalling.
In the three hundred years since the

settlement of this country began, and
mostly within the last hundred years,
fifty million once fertile acres are serious-
ly damaged. In addition, there are now
in cultivation one hundred million acres
impaired by erosion and another one hun-
dred million where erosion has begun.
The law of self-preservation demands
that a farmer give first consideration to
providing for his family and himself.

Sound farming practices, which promote
wise and proper use of the land and
produce the greatest ultimate returns,
should be of first importance to the
farmers of this nation.
The dictionary will inform you that
conservation is, "The keeping of a thing
entire." With this definition in mind,
it is easy to understand that total soil
conservation is practically impossible,

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950






Here is the South's greatest agricultural

display the world's largest winter

exposition. You'll come, won't you .

because you boys and girls of Future

Farmers are always our special guests.



Notdbles at Kansas City Front row (from left) includes Doyle Conner, national
FFA President 1948-49, Mr. Thomas D. Bailey, state superintendent of public
instruction, Alvin Futch and Matt Matthews, vice presidents, Florida FFA
1949-50, and L. C. Vaughn, president, Florida FFA 1949-50 Rear row (from left)
includes Mr. H. E. Wood, state FFA adviser, Charles Alford, George Sprinkle, and
Howell Waring, vice presidents, Florida FFA 1949-50, Donald Burch, president,
Florida FFA, 1948-49; and Mittle Bronson, vice president, Florida FFA, 1949-50.

since both plants and animals of the
earth must obtain their life-producing
and their life-sustaining materials from
the soil. Although it may be impossible
for man to keep the soil "entire", it is al-
so impossible to justify man's present
practices of systematically 'robbing it of
the life-producing and life-sustaining ele-
ments with which God endowed it.
There is a limited amount of these essen-
tial elements in any soil. If the present
generation of life is to be the last gener-
ation, man might be justified in exploit-
ing all natural resources for his personal
satisfaction. But since man is only a
trustee of the land for a short span of
life, should he not discharge his trustee-
ship by delivering the land to the suc-
ceeding generation with the least amount
of the vital materials depleted?
One of our accepted laws of physics is,
"To every action there is an equal and
a contrary reaction." This law applies
to the conservation of soil as demon-
strated in the increased or the decreased
yields of crops or other vegetation ac-
cording to the methods of conservation
Several years after World War I ended,
the soils of our Great Plains area reacted
to the treatments practiced there under
war conditions. The story of destruction
of life and property in the dust bowl sec-
tion of our country is too well known to

require any narration.
Today, we are called upon to help
feed the people in all the war torn coun-
tries of the world. Again we must call
upon our soils for the maximum produc-
tion of life-sustaining elements. Mother
Earth will furnish these essentials, and
will react in direct proportion to the
treatment received in stimulating crop
production. To relieve this burden, good
soil conservation practices must be fol-
lowed or our soils may react with de-
struction comparable to that experienced
There is evidence that hunger breeds
war, and war breeds hunger. We hope
that the opposite is also true-that plenty
breeds peace, and peace breeds plenty.
The world's people are using resources
as if they still had unlimited room to
move around. To insure ourselves against
disaster in the future, we must not only
stop the losses, but make sure what re-
sources we have will provide adequately
for our wants.
At no time in the history of this nation
should there be a stamp of approval
placed upon idleness. In our food-for-
peace campaign, idleness in man, beast,
fields, or forests should not be tolerated
either in winter, spring, summer or fall.
Let's seize the golden opportunities and
push forward to achievements even be-
yond the expectations of those who set
the goals.

My friends, let's awaken ourselves to
this shameful waste of one of our natural
resources, the soil. Let's not make it
necessary for our posterity to recite this
poem of farm tragedy.
"Hordes of gullies now remind us,
We should build our lands to stay,
And departing, leave behind us,
Fields that have not washed away;
When our boys assume the mortgage,
On the land that's had our toil,
They'll not have to ask the question
"Here's the farm, but where's the soil?"
in the dust bowl.
In thinking of soil conservation, most
people confuse it with erosion control.
Erosion control is primarily the installa-
tion of mechanical structures and vege-
tative coverings as foundations upon
which soil conserving practices may be
continued. These practices should be
initiated and diligently followed on all
our soils, regardless of whether there is
any appreciable soil erosion or not. It
is true that the greater the slope of the
land, and the more erodible the soil, the
more complex the practices must become
in order to establish the most effective
soil conservation program on any given
To keep our soils as nearly "entire" as
possible, it will be necessary to replace
some of the plant food elements removed
through artificial applications of fertili-
zer materials. It is a logical assumption
that, when any one of these essential
plant food materials has been depleted,
the crop yield will decrease until such
material has again become available.
Every farmer can, and should be encour-
aged to establish and follow the simpler
practices for erosion control.
Some of the simpler erosion control
practices consist of terracing, contour fur-
rowing, contour cultivation, strips of veg-
etative cover on the long gradual slopes
alternating with clean tilled crops, and
permanent vegetation on the areas too
eroded to use for cultivation. Through
experience obtained from the dust bowl,
it is now known that, if strips of vege-
tation had been left on the land instead
of plowing it up, the destruction caused
by erosion would have been much less.
Probably one of the simplest conser-
vation practices would be a system of
crop rotation on each acre of farm land.
It has been definitely proven that it is
more profitable under average conditions
to follow a leguminous crop with a crop
of the grass classification. Since corn,
oats, rye, and many other crops are class-
ified as grasses, such crops should be
grown immediately following a crop of
legumes. The legumes grown here are
the Blue Lupine, Austrian winter peas,
Vetches, for winter growth, and peas, vel-
vet beans, crotalaria, alyce clover, les-
pedezas, and kudzu for summer growth.
Another simple rotation that can, and

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

Grooming, Fitting Demonstration

were held at Sarasota, Plant City, Lake
City, Ocala, DeLand, Ft. Pierce, Belle
Glade, Bartow, Greenville, Quincy, Chip-
ley, Paxton, Baker, and Walnut Hill.
The demonstrations were sponsored by
the Florida FFA Association in coopera-
tion with the State Department of Agri-
Mr. L. H. Lewis, State Marketing
Specialist, demonstrated how to groom
beef cattle for shows. He said that the
first thing was to select an animal with
good conformation, ability to change feed

Charles Thomas, Marianna, won the
public speaking contest at Daytona with
this discussion of soil conservation.

should be practiced on each acre of land
as a conservation program is to follow a
soil depleting crop immediately with a
soil conserving crop. Since cotton, corn,
market peanuts, and potatoes are among
the soil depleting crops, any acreage
planted in these crops one year should
be planted in a soil conserving crop the
following year.

Quincy Buys Hogs
Six HOGS were recently purchased for
fattening by the Quincy Chapter from
the proceeds received after selling three
hogs they had previously bought and
fattened with "swill" from the school
lunchroom, and with corn grown by the
chapter and minerals.

Homestead is Host
THE MEMBERS of the Miami-Jackson FFA
Chapter were guests of the Homestead
Chapter. The Jackson members bought
a calf which had been recently won by
Steve Torcise of the Homestead Chapter
at the rodeo.

DeLand Has Meeting
THE KIWANIANS of DeLand were the
guests of the DeLand Chapter. The
meeting was held at the Farm Shop
Building and on the School Farm. A
full report of the accomplishments for
the past year was made, and the program
for the coming year was given.

Fort Myers Gets Calves
THE LEE COUNTY BANK is financing the
buying of calves by 17 members. These
calves will be fattened and sold after
showing in the County Fair, according
to the Fort Myers Chapter.

into meat, a good feeding program, and
good care of the animal. He further
stated that since the grooming should
take place as the animals are growing,
proper equipment should always be
available. Halter breaking, taming the
animal, teaching him to lead and stand
as desired, brushing and trimming, to
cover weak points and to make strong
points stand out, and the trimming of
hoofs to correct animals' posture were
points included in the demonstration.
The members and teachers expressed
their appreciation.



- -I

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Discount to Schools 25%



Twenty-fifth Anniversary


The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

The American Farmer Degree was awarded at the National Convention in Kansas
City to these six Florida Future Farmers: (from left) William Futch, Plant City,
Frank McIntosh, Paxton, Maurice Edwards, Starke, Lynn Ward, Chiefland, Bill
Norris, Jasper and Lloyd Munroe, Summerfield.

Future Farmers Participate in Fourth

Annual Hillsborough Junior Fair

greatest single county's pagentry of rural
youth burst into brilliant bloom in the
form of the Fourth Annual Hillsborough
County Junior Agriculture Fair. Jimmy
Morgan, outstanding Plant City FFA
student and president of the Junior Ag-
riculture Fair, spearheaded the Fair
which was held on the "Strawberry Fes-
tival grounds. This Fourth Junior Fair
completely startled approximately 8,000
adults who lined the aisle of the Festival
grounds to get a glimpse of their child-
ren's countless hundreds of projects,
aims, and accomplishments. This unique
show run by children is perhaps broader
in scope than many of the area and coun-
ty fairs over the state. It was jammed
with exhibits of more than 2,500 youth.
Perhaps the most outstanding exhibits
were those of the shop students of Plant
City, Brandon, and the Turkey Creek
Chapters. These colorful exhibits were
highly complimented by Mr. A. H. Hol-
lenberg, National Farm Shop Specialist
of Washington, D. C., who was a wel-
comed guest for the occasion. In the
shop display competition, Plant City FFA
Chapter placed ist; Brandon FFA, and;
Turkey Creek FFA, 3rd; Pinecrest FFA,
4th; and Wimauma FFA, 5th. Plant
City featured a home made horsedrawn
outfit for treating soil with DD for root-
knot, and other soil borne pests.
In the Vegetable and Fruit Displays,
Turkey Creek FFA Chapter was ist;

Franklin Jr. High, Tampa, and; Plant
City, grd; Pinecrest, 4th, Brandon, 5th;
and Wimaumna, 6th. A unique part of
the festival was the beautiful display of
the famous Plant City strawberries ex-
hibited by Donald Plunket, president of
the Turkey Creek FFA Chapter. He
grew the first pint of Plant City berries
for the current year. The award for the
best display of potted plants was also
won by Donald Plunket.
The Grand Championship Award for

Chapter made a tour of Southern Flori-
da in a school bus. At Silver Springs,
the boys watched the milking of rattle-
snakes for venom. At DeLand, the mem-
bers were the guests of the Deland Chap-
ter for a tour of the Chapter farm. After
this, they enjoyed an afternoon of swim-
ming at Daytona Beach.
The next day, they drove South along
the East Coast to Fort Lauderdale visit-
ing the scenic spots en route. The drive
from Miami to Key West along the
scenic highway, and the visit to the
aquarium in Key West were enjoyed by
all the members on the trip.
Returning to Miami, they were the
guests of the FFA Chapter; and Mr. Otis

Hereford cattle was won by the Plant
City FFA Chapter. Reserve Champion
in this class went to the Turkey Creek
Chapter. Both of these excellent type
animals are Sears, Roebuck bulls awarded
to these chapters in November, 1948.
The Brahman bull Champion was owned
and shown by Bobby Sapp of the Plant
City FFA, and the Reserve Champion
was shown by Lawrence Carlton, also of
the same chapter, and whose bull is an-
other of the fine animals awarded by
Sears Roebuck & Company. Champion-
ihip was awarded to a registered Guern-
sey heifer belonging to Arlen Wether-
ington, Turkey Creek FFA. Arlen also
won the Cattle Showmanship Contest.
First place awards were made for swine
as follows:
Purebred boar, over a year, Turkey
Creek FFA Chapter;
Purebred boar, under a year, Carl
Lentz, Brandon FFA;
Litter of weaned pigs, Jurl Mansell,
Turkey Creek FFA;
Champion grade boar, Raleigh En-
finger, Turkey Creek FFA; and
Grand Champion of the swine show,
aged boar, Turkey Creek FFA Chapter.
In competitive FFA livestock judging
of beef cattle, Brandon placed ist; Plant
City, 2nd; Wimauma, grd; and Turkey
Creek, 4th. In similar dairy cattle judg-
ing, Plant City was ist; Franklin Jr. High,
Tampa, and; Turkey Creek, 3rd; and
Brandon, 4th.
Hillsborough County extends its sin-
cerest thanks to Mr. L. H. Lewis, State
Marketing Specialist, and Mr. A. R. Cox,
Executive FFA Secretary, who conducted
a very informative demonstration on
grooming beef animals to bring out
their utmost in good quality; and to Mr.
C. W. Reaves, Extension Service Special-
ist, who conducted a similar demonstra-
tion on dairy animals.

Bell, Director of Agricultural Education
in Dade County, conducted them on a
tour of the eighty acres, which the boys
in Miami are farming. The deep sea
fishing trip was a new experience that
they will never forget, because most of
the members were seasick. They returned
by the Tamiami Trail, visiting a Sem-
inole Indian Village, and other points of
interest along the West Coast.
Mr. Herbert Brown, Adviser, and Joe
Ellis, who accompanied the group, said
that it was a very educational trip even
for boys living in Florida. These Future
Farmers earned the money to pay the ex-
penses of this educational trip by co-
operatively marketing watermelons in
that County.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

Trenton Future Farmers Make Tour

Of Southern Florida During Summer

Past President

Progress Made

In Vocational


by WOODROW O'STEEN, Supervisor
Florida National Egg Laying Test, Chipley
our high school today has made consider-
able progress during the past twenty
years, and today commands much more
respect than in the early days.
I recall very well how my grand-dad
laughed when he found out that I was in
school studying how to farm. However,
in just a few years, the kind old fellow
changed his mind about Vocational Agri-
culture, as he began to observe and real-
ize the interest and knowledge of farm-
ing as shown by young boys in our com-
The Future Farmers of America Chap-
ters organized in the Vocational Agricul-
tural Department have been one of the
big factors contributing to the respect
this department holds. The interest
created by the Future Farmers of Ameri-
ca caused thousands of farm boys to con-
tinue their education, and to think of
farming and life on the farm in quite a
different way than they did before this
organization was founded. I say this be-
cause I am one of the boys who was in-
spired and encouraged through my work
in the Future Farmers of America.
I had the opportunity of studying Vo-
cational Agriculture under one of the
outstanding agricultural teachers in our
State. The guidance and encouragement
received from the late Professor Thomas
A. Treadwell has always been helpful to
me. I feel sure that this fine teacher will
be long remembered for the many ser-
vices rendered to the farmers and farm
boys in Jefferson County.
I am greatly interested in farming and
particularly in farm boys and girls. I
know the Future Farmers of America
will continue to grow in the future as in
the past. In the future, I feel certain
that many farm boys will benefit from
this great organization as farm boys have
in the past.
There are two young boys that live
in our home now. Their Mother and I
are looking forward to the day when they
will be little "Green Hands" in the FFA.

THE ANNUAL FFA Talent Parade Pro-
gram presented by the Jasper Chapter
was a great success. It was attended by
the largest and most enthusiastic audience
of the three years that the Talent Parade
has been given.

With the ending of 1949, growers
can look back on a year of prosperity
for most Florida Agriculture. 1950 is
still a question-But, CAREFUL growers
of all crops can look forward to con-
tinued prosperity.
NACO Fertilizer and Services can
and will be an important factor in
planning your prosperity for the year
Call on us to do our part-


CK U-"''N


10,000 Copies of

The Florida Future Farmer

Were Published for This Issue


F. F. A.

Sterling Silver ... $ 3.00 $ 3.50
10K Gold........ 15.00 18.00
"Furnished in sizes only up to 9%
Prices subject to 20% Federal Tax and any State Tax in effect.


Green Hand, bronze .........................................25c, no Fed. Tax
Future Farmer Degree, silver plate ....................28c, plus 20% Fed. Tax
Belt & Buckle, bronze or nickel finish.................... $2.25, no Federal Tax
Tie Holder, gold plate.............................. $1.40, plus 20% Fed. Tax
All above prices subject to any State Tax in effect.
Write for Catalog
Official Jewelers for F.F.A.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

14. *O- .

Judging Contests for Exhibits and

Livestock Slated on Fair Program

General Superintendents-J. G. Smith and A. R. Cox
Exhibit Judging (Fruits and Vegetables)-F. L. Northrop
Exhibit Judging (Hay, Grain, and Forage)-T. L. Barrineau
Livestock Judging-Dr. E. W. Garris and W. T. Loften
Livestock Judging-(Timekeeper)-W. T. Shaddick

The Livestock judging Contest will
be centered around several classes of beef
and dairy animals. One team will judge
both beef and dairy cattle. The classes
for judging will be selected from the
following breeds: Angus, Brahman, Here-
ford, Guernsey, Holstein, and Jersey.
Teachers and boys will proceed immedi-
ately to the grandstand after entering
the fair grounds for the purpose of being
assembled in the different judging groups.
Group leaders will be labeled and sta-
tioned at convenient intervals in front
of the grandstand. Dr. E. W. Garris will
issue definite instructions at that time on
judging livestock.
Various county exhibits will be used for
the exhibit judging contest. The hay,
grain, and forage exhibits will be judged
by Future Farmers teams from Districts
I, II, and III, and will be in charge of
Mr. T. L. Barrineau.
The fruit and vegetable exhibits will

be judged by Future Farmer teams from
Districts IV, V, and VI, and will be in
charge of Mr. F. L. Northrop.
Four county exhibits will be selected
for the Hay, Grain and Forage, and four
for the Fruits and Vegetables Exhibit
'Judging Contest.
General information for Exhibit and
Livestock Judging: For each Chapter
three boys will compose a team in Live-
stock Judging, and there will be no
substitutions after judging begins.
Both Livestock and Exhibit Judging
will be going on at approximately the
same time, therefore, the same team
.could not judge in both contests.
Each group will be given a total of
ten minutes for general inspection and
official scoring of each of the four entries
in each class. Explicit instructions will
be given group leaders in Tampa before
the judging begins. These will be fol-
lowed by all entrants.

Program for FFA Day at Florida State Fair

Tampa, February 4, 1950

General Chairman, H. E. WOOD, State Supervisor of Agricultural Education

8:30 a.m. Assemble at East Gate of Fair
9:00 a.m. Admission to Fair Grounds and
Assemble in Grandstand.
9:15- 9:30 a.m. Organization of Livestock and
Exhibit Judging Teams.
9:30-10:45 a.m. Livestock Judging Contest.
10:45-11:15 a.m. Awarding Ribbons to Winners
in Sears Roebuck Bull Show, J,
C. Haynes, Public Relations Di,
rector, S & R Company, Atlanta
10:00-11:00 a.m. Judging Agricultural Exhibits.
11:15-11:30 a.m. Visiting Commercial Exhibits.
11:30-12:00noon Lunch.
12:00 Noon Assemble on Track (East side)
for parade to front of Grand-
12:15 p.m. Assemble in front of Grand-
stand for Press Photo-of F.F.A.
12:15-12:30 p.m. Music by Wimauma F.F.A.
String Band.
12:20-12:40 p.m. Take Seats in Grandstand for
Program in Charge of L. C.
Vaughn, President, Florida As-
sociation, F.F.A.

12:40-12:45 p.m. Welcome Address Carl D.
Brorein, President, Florida State
Fair Association.
12:45-12:50 p.m. Presentation of F.F.A. Award
Plaque Doyle Conner, Imme-
diate-Past National President,
Future Farmers of America.
12:50-12:55 p.m. Introduction of Platform Guests
H. E. Wood, State Adviser,
Florida Association, F.F.A.
12:55- 1:00 p.m. Address Honorable Tom D.
Bailey, State Superintendent of
Public Instruction.
1:00- 1:05 p.m. Presentation of Honorary State
Farmer Keys by State President
and Officers of Fla. Association,
1:05- 1:10 p.m. Awarding Ribbons to Grand
Champion Winners in F.F.A.
Livestock Show: Honorable
Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of
1:15 p.m. Awarding Heifers by Presidents
Southeastern Brahman Breed-
ers Association, and Florida
Hereford Breeders Association.
1:30- 5:00 p.m. Entertainment Grandstand.
5:00- 6:00 p.m. Visiting Agricultural Exhibits.

75 Beef and Dairy Cattle Entered

In Fair to be a Credit to Florida FFA

The 75 beef and dairy cattle entered one (1) animal in each classification,
by FFA chapters and members in the provided all requirements are com-
Livestock Show will be a credit to them plied with.
and to the State of Florida. This show shall consist of animals
Sears, Roebuck & Company bought from both beef and dairy breeds.
and Lrave to the Florida FFA Association 3. All animals entered must be a credit
40 Hereford and Brahman bulls in to the breed represented.
November, 1948. Twenty-five of these /4. All animals will meet Exhibition
bulls will be shown at the Fair. Chap- regulation tests for T.B. and Bang's
ters and Future Farmer members ar/A diseases and certificates furnished
entering 50 other animals of beef an fl superintendent t as evidence when
dairy breeds in this Show. These con- /' animals arrive at fair.
sist of Guernsey, Jersey, Brahman and Every F.F.A. entry is to receive a
Hereford. premium.
The top two chapters that have done 6. Not more than seventy-five (75)
best in providing pasture, feeding, breed- \ animals in all classifications may be
ing, showing and managing of the Here- entered in this show.
ford bulls will receive a purebred heifer 7. Premiums will be paid through
from the Florida Hereford Breeders fourth (4th) place, plus additional
Association, and the Sears,- Roebuck S& compensation for each entry.
Company. A purebred heifer will also A project record book completed to
be given to the chapter that does best date must be submitted with entry.
with the Brahman bulls and the chapter The animal must have been owned
that does best with Brahman cattle from at least ninety (90) days by exhib-
the Southeastern Breeders Association. itor before entering in show.

Show Rules
The following are rules of eligibility
for the Future Farmer Livestock Show:
1. Any Future Farmer of Florida in
good standing is eligible to enter

THE MEMBERS of the Sarasota Future
Farmers of America Chapter are moving
their hives of honey bees from Myakka
River State Park to the chapter forest,
planning the Greenhand invitations and
other activities for the fall program.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950 The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950


Aucilla Chapter Reviews History

Since Charter Received in 1929

of America, received its Charter in the
Florida Association, Future Farmers of
America, in June 1929. The Vocational
Agriculture Department was organized
under Mr. Howard. Since that time,
the following teachers have taught there;
E. L. Matthews, T. A. Treadwell, and
J. C. Waldron.
This Chapter has had the following as
State Officers:
President, Woodrow O'Steen-'3o-'31,
and Frank Henry Reams-'42-'43; Vice-
President, Maxey Walker, '29-'3o, and
Griffin Bishop, 38-39; Secretary, W. E.
Bishop, '32-'33; Treasurer, Reuben
Reams, '29-'3o; Douglas Walker, '3o-'31,
Marion Bishop, '36-'37; and I. L. Bishop,
'40-'41; Reporter, B. F. Lanier, '33-'34,
Douglas McLeod, '35-'36, Jim McClung,
'37-'38; and 5th Vice-president, Joe Tread-
well, '44-'45. This is the largest number
of officers from any one chapter in the
State. They have had as many Ameri-
can Farmer Degree members as any chap-
ter in the State. The members receiving
the American Farmer Degree, the highest
degree in the FFA are: Woodrow O'-
Steen, 1930; W. E. Bishop, 1933; and G.
E. Bishop, 1945.-
Maxey Walker, A. B. Degree, is teach-
ing Mathematics, Coach, and Physical
Education Director in Havana High
School. He, his wife (Polly), and young
daughter Paula make their home in Ha-
Reuben Reams, Lamont, died about
four months before he was to graduate
in Agriculture Education from the Uni-
versity of Florida in 1938.
Woodrow O'Steen, B.S.A., Supervisor,
Florida National Egg Laying Test, Chip-
ley, Florida. He, his wife (Elsie), and
young sons, Oscar, and Leslie make their
home in Chipley.
Douglas Walker, Lamont, has followed
a Navy career.

W. E. Bishop, B.S.A., M.S., is teaching
Vocational Agriculture in Lake City. He,
his wife (Virginia), and children, Bucky,
and Dianne make their home in Lake
Douglas McLeod, B. S., Dentistry, is in-
terning at the State Hospital in Chatta-
hoochee, Florida. He, and his wife (Eve-
lyn), make their home in Chattahoochee.
Marion Bishop, B.S.A., M.S., is teach-
ing Vocational Agricultural in Newberry.
He, his wife (Mildred), and young son
Lannie live in Newberry.
Jim McClung, B.S.A. is Capt. in Army
Air Force in South Carolina. He, and
his wife live in South Carolina.
Griffin Bishop, B.S.A., is teaching Vo-
cational Agriculture in Madison High
School. He, his wife (Edna Earl), and
young son, Tommy live in Madison.
B. F. Lanier is doing Carpentry work
in Tallahassee. He, his wife (Teresa),
and two children, Bruce and Sandra live
in the capital city, Tallahassee.
Isham Leon Bishop is now farming.
He bought a farm in Tennessee, which
is located in a rich tobacco belt. Isham
Leon, his wife (Cavelle), and two young
sons make their home on this farm.
Frank Henry Reams, Aucilla, is now
carrying on general farming, and tur-
pentine business at home. He attended
college one year after graduation.
Joe Treadwell won a Banker's Scholar-
ship to the University of Florida, and is
now in his Senior year studying Voca-
tional Agriculture.
Aucilla is only a Junior High School,
at the present time, and the students go
on to Monticello for advanced work.
Some of these students are: Jimmie
Thomas, Joe Register, Herbert Demott,
Charles Sparks, Willie Thigpin, John
Blalock, Eugene Brock, Gerald Pickles,
and James Clark.
They have had 42 members to receive
the State Farmer Degree.

THIRTY-TWO Gadsden County Vocational
Agricultural FFA boys spent almost two
weeks on an educational and recreational
tour through the Southern and South-
western States.
Their instructors, N. B. Bevis of Greens-
boro; D. M. Bishop, Quincy; and O. E.
Yearty, Havana; along with T. M. Love
of Chipley, accompanied the boys and
drove the two buses.
The first night was spent at Long

Beach, where they enjoyed a swim in the
Gulf. The second day's travel included
Pensacola, Mobile and New Orleans.
After a tour of Baton Rouge, La., cane
fields, and sugar refineries, they started
across Texas, seeing oil wells, ranches,
wheat and fields of alfalfa.
The scenery became mountainous as
the group approached Raton, N. M.
They visited the extinct volcano, Mt. Cap-
ulin, several hundred feet high, covering

an area of 680 acres.
The stop at Colorado Springs, where
two days were spent in trips to the Gar-
den of the Gods, Will Rogers' Monu-
ment and Pike's Peak, was very enjoy-
able after the long ride. At Royal Gorge,
near Canon City, the boys saw the world's
highest bridge at the 1053 foot gorge.
A tour of the Museum of History high-
lighted the party's stay in Denver. The
members saw the world's largest well at
Greensburg, Kansas. The well was dug
by hand in 1887, to furnish water for the
Sante Fe Railroad. Along the Mississip-
pi delta at Memphis, the boys saw rice
under cultivation.
These Future Farmers stated that the
trip was very educational, and that they
were looking forward to many similar
trips in the future.

Doyle Special

(Continued from page 6)
did. Bill, who grows cotton, peanuts,
corn, tobacco, and cover crops, said he
liked the Live Stock Royal. "But if I
had a $25,000 animal like some they had
there, I'd be afraid all the time it would
die," he said. "I'd rather have scrub
cattle and fatten them up."
John Waring, Madison, leaned across
Bill. "Do you know," John said, "They
don't have grits in Kansas City. Our
steak is better than theirs too. They
charge too much for everything up there."
Raymond Carley, Miami, was so im-
pressed by the meat packing plant that
he took notes on it. He pulled a paper
from his jacket pocket and read the fig-
ures: "They butcher 287 beef animals
an hour; 1750 pork a day; and 1850 mut-
ton a day. They have 2500 to 3000 work-
ers putting up hot dogs and sausages. I
liked watching them curing hams-they
had them hooked on long racks, curing
over oak coals."
Raymond Futch, who raises beef and
sugar cane on a ranch near Plant City,
said he liked the steaks and the pumper-
nickel bread in Kansas City. "I thought
the FFA officers were fine in carrying
out their duties," he said. "And I en-
joyed visiting the packing plants, the
zoo and the Chevrolet assembly plant."
Raymond has eight Brahmans on his
father's native carpet grass pasture. He
and his brothers, William, who got the
American Farmer Degree, and Alvin,
who is State Secretary of the Florida Fu-
ture Farmers, all three attended the Con-
vention. William and Alvin drove back,
taking a week for the drive and going
down through Denver, Colorado, into
Mexico and back by way of the King
Ranch in Texas.
Richard Roberts, Immokalee (LaBelle
Chapter), who raises beef cattle, vege-
tables and watermelons, said, "I liked

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

32 Gadsden Future Farmers Enjoy

Two-Week Tour Through Southland

Florida Future Farmer chapters won honors at a number of local fairs during recent months. Upper left shows the exhibit
of the Wauchula Future Farmer chapter which took first place in the Hardee County Fair. Upper right shows the first place
exhibit of corn at the 7ackson County Fair, presented by the Marianna and Cottondale Future Farmer chapters. From left are
R. F. Toole, adviser, Henry Brook, Carl Merchant, Eugene Throp and Bruce Christmas, Cottondale; Earl Carroll, Marianna,
Edgar Morris, Cottondale, and Maxwell Johnson, Cottondale. Edgar received a registered gilt from the Kiwanis club of
Marianna for winning the contest. Below is the Turkey Creek farm shop exhibit in the Hillsborough County Junior Agricultural
Fair (see story on page 10). For a story of what Suwannee county veterans did at their county fair, see page 19.
2Pa ~-,- -r --l- .-, a -

the farms around Kansas City and the
Live Stock Royal. The girls are not as
pretty there as they are at home, and the
food is not as good. They serve too
many potatoes."
Matt Mathews, Pensacola, who raises
hogs and cattle, said he liked the orderly
way the convention was run. "The cars
in Kansas City don't try to run over you,
and the clerks in the stores don't try to
sell you everything," he added.
Don Fuqua, Altha, who goes in for
dairying, peanuts, corn and hogs, said he
especially enjoyed the National FFA
Band and Glee Club performances at the
Convention. Matt and Don both en-
joyed the Nashville stop, and liked the
chicken-fried steak and hot biscuits at
the banquet, and the performers in
"Grand Old Opry". Their group of 23

Future Farmers, bound for Pensacola,
took another train from Nashville.
Three boys were in sick-bay on the
train, Tom Smoot, Ft. Myers, Freddie
Rodman, Dade City, and Sidney Branack,
Brooksville. Tom and Freddie soon got
better, but a doctor was brought
on board in Nashville for Sidney.
Plans were made to get him home
in comfort from Jacksonville. It was
learned later that his agricultural teacher
met his train in Tampa and took him
on to Brooksville.
L. C. Vaugn, State President of Florida
Future Farmers, who has 150 acres of
soy beans at Bay Springs, and some hogs
and cows, said he was impressed with the
way Doyle Conner presided at the con-
"I guess the retiring second vice-presi-

dent from Maryland who broke down
when he was giving his farewell report
was just showing what Doyle and all of
the officers felt. They loved their work
and hated to see it end. The main thing
I have liked on this trip," L. C. continued,
"has been the fellowship among the Fu-
ture Farmers from all states and the edu-
cational value the trip has had for all
of us. Like Doyle being able to speak
before crowds and preside over meetings
of 7,000 people."
"I liked Nashville, too. It is an extra-
ordinary town, built up and down on a
hill. It is larger than I had anticipated,
and it was really inspiring to see how
we were treated there by the Southern
Agriculturist people and the SM people.
It encourages boys to stay in farming
when they see who is behind it.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

"Every one of us boys feels that the
trip was very much worthwhile, and we
hadn't realized how good Florida agricul-
ture was until we compared it with the
farms we saw on the trip. Most of the
states we went through have a 3-months
growing season, while we have a year-
round one in Florida. And the soil in
some of those states is not so much better
than ours. And a $1.50 Kansas City
steak is not as good as a Florida steak at
the same price".
Mr. Thomas D. Bailey, who served as
a judge in the convention public speak-
ing contest, said he was impressed by the
good behavior of the boys on the train,
and the business-like way they conducted
their meetings in Kansas City. "The
whole trip is of great educational value
to the Future Farmers," he concluded.
Mrs. Bailey agreed with this. "And I
also thought of the importance of the
whole national group of 279,000 Future
Farmers to our country, both now and
in the future," she said. "I have enjoyed
the whole trip very much-as much as if
I had been a Future Farmer".
Doyle Conner flew down from Kansas
City to board the train at Nashville. He
had stayed over at convention headquar-
ters to wind up the last threads of his
presidential year, and to ride in one of
the leading cars in the American Live
Stock Royal parade.
"It has been a wonderful year," Doyle
said. "Hate to see it end. I've traveled
60,000 miles during it. Guess my trip to
Hawaii was one of the biggest things,
but I've enjoyed every bit of it. People
have been great to me everywhere in the
United States. I feel like this year has
helped me more than anything that ever
happened to me. I'm going back to the
University of Florida now and continue
my studies there."

'Soil and Water Management' is

Theme of Foundation Awards

Ponce de Leon Chapter, FFA
began when I was a youngster in the
lower grades. The interest continued
when I enrolled in Vocational Agricul-
ture at Ponce de Leon High School. I
can honestly say I had no intention of
farming or following any career in agri-
culture. To me, life on the farm looked
like one of hard work and drudgery with
little or no reward in return for the
amount of effort expended. But, now I
have completely changed my mind.
I am eighteen years old, and live on
a one-hundred-sixty-one acre farm up in
the Northwest section of Florida. My
Father used to be a public worker, but
for several years our living has been made
on the farm, which the two of us now
I have participated in many activities
of the FFA Chapter, such as livestock
judging and softball, and was a member
of the parliamentary procedure team,
which took sub-district honors. I was
secretary of the local chapter in 1948,
and am now president of the chapter.
The high point of my FFA career was
my participation in the Florida State
Forestry Camp at Camp O'Leno.
Soon, I found that Vocational Agricul-
ture taught me not only to make the best
of my personal endowments, but to con-
serve and make the best of use of our
most valuable resource-our soil. I

State winner of $100 award by the National
Future Farmer Foundation, in the Soil and Water
Management contest.

Live Oak Develops Successful

Hog Show For North, West, Florida

A NEW HOG SHOW has developed in the
Suwannee River Valley where Future
Farmers of North and West Florida can
compete for top honors in hog produc-
tion and showmanship.
Sponsored by the Suwannee River
Valley Development Association, this
show fills a long-felt need for a central-
ly located show to increase North-west
Florida's FFA participation. Next year
it is hoped that all chapters in the area
will be represented.
Some goo prize hogs were exhibited
representing six major breeds. Seventy-
two fat barrows were exhibited by FFA,
4-H and adults. Entries as far as north
Georgia were present making it the larg-
est of its kind ever held in the State.

Donald Turman of the Suwannee
Chapter won champion FFA barrow
honors. Pete Collins of the Williams
Chapter had reserve champion. Donald's
barrow topped the show in price bring-
ing 51 cents per pound. Collins' brought
him 35 cents. Showmanship honors were
taken by Revis Moore of Suwannee
Chapter with Carlton Johnson also of
the Suwannee a very close second. A
beautiful trophy for this contest was do-
nated by Huffman and Gilmore Feed
Company of Live Oak.
Breeding animals shown by Future
Farmers were topped by H. F. Wiggins
of the Williams Memorial Chapter. Also
showing were Revis Moore, Hubert
Gamble, Billy Rowan and others.

learned forestry facts, how to set out
trees, and the way to protect them. I
learned the ways and means of prevent-
ing erosion. I planted about ten acres
of vetch, clovers, and winter peas last
fall, and turned them under during the
spring. I went in shares with my Father,
and bought a tractor and equipment
which was to be used for terracing land
and preventing erosion. We have found
it invaluable in our farming program.
With the aid of my Father we have
plowed up the terraces which had been
run on the home farm, and also plowed
out the channels to the terraces. We
have established grass in the terrace chan-
nels, and have put flumes at the terrace
outlets to prevent erosion.
I am now putting the old land, which
has been out of cultivation, into per-
manent pastures. I have approximately
ten acres in permanent pastures.
The hill-side land, which is too steep
for cultivation, is being put into use by
planting pine seedlings. I have approx-
imately fifteen acres of land that is
planted in pines. I have also found
pines very valuable as border plantings.
They aid in conserving the wildlife on
the home farm.
Through my Supervised Farming Pro-
gram, I have learned much about scien-
tific farming. The Soil and Water Man-
agement practices that I have learned
and practiced, have been a great source
of satisfaction as well as profit.
We have known that the terrace system
on our farm needed a thorough going
over from top to bottom for a long time.
This year, with the help of my teacher,
we re-ran the terraces, and worked out
a new water disposal system. With the
help of the Soil Conservation Technician
from our district, we worked out a long-
time farming program to suit our soil.
I knew that you could stop washes, but
I couldn't understand how until I en-
rolled in vocational agriculture. I now
know what the right cropping practices
will do, what terracing means, what stop-
ping a small gully in time means, and
what it means to keep the soil covered
with close-growing crops which will keep
the top soil in place and give legumes
a chance to build up the nitrogen and
humus supply for future crops to use and
provide for a better living on the farm.

Forestry at Largo

THE MEMBERS are receiving instruction
in forestry and conservation practices on
an area leased by the Clearwater Kiwanis
Club from the County.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

Brahman Cattle Project Outstanding

Feature of Belle Glade Chapter

IN 1941, WHEN THE CHAPTER of the Future
Farmers of America was organized at
Belle Glade, Florida, little did the mem-
bers think that within eight years they
and their chapter would be building a
herd of registered Brahman cattle.
After years of experimenting by in-
dividual farmers and the Everglades Ex-
periment Station, it was discovered the
paramount reason cattle did not thrive
well in this Everglades area was the lack
of certain minerals in the rich muck soil.
Many farmers have now diverted con-
siderable portions of their acres into lush
pastures and have gone into livestock pro-
duction. Not only the addition of min-
erals to the soil but improved grasses
have resulted in an expansion of this
region's cattle program.
The Future Farmers with their adviser,
J. R. Davidson, became aware of this
change so the Chapter and individual
boys invested in registered Brahmans.
In the spring of 1947 seventeen heifers
and two bull calves ranging in age from
one to six weeks, were purchased from
the herds of the United States Sugar Cor-
poration at Clewiston and the Durrance
Ranch at Brighton.
The calves were placed in pastures with

nurse cows. These pastures had been
developed and fenced by the boys on
land owned by the Palm Beach County
School Board. They consist of 27 acres
and contain bermuda, para and napier
grasses. A complete mineral mix is
kept before the cattle at all times. On
several occasions when frost has killed
part of the grass, a citrus molasses has
been fed. These pastures are equipped
with concrete automatic water troughs
made and installed by the boys.
Aside from the registered cattle indi-
vidual boys own 3 nurse cows, 3 dairy
heifers, 3 range cows, 14 steers and 8
calves. A number of the registered Brah-
man heifers are bred and will calve in
the spring.
The boys who use the School pastures
are charged 50 cents per head per month
and this is payable when the cattle are
sold. This charge also includes the water
and minerals.
A number of the registered cattle are
halter broken and were shown at the
State Fair in Tampa last February and
at the Belle Glade Livestock Show held
at the Experiment Station last April.
Prizes won at these shows were 3 firsts,
one second and two thirds all within
their class.

Chipley Future Farmer Seeks

American Farmer Degree

Chipley FFA Chapter
class in Chipley High School in Septem-
ber of 1945, and was elected to the Green
Hand Degree. For my projects that year,
I chose five acres of peanuts, one sow
for breeding, fifty head of poultry for
meat, and fifty head of pullets. At the
end of the year, my labor income was
$205.41. Most of this came from pea-
nuts, because my sow soon died after
weaning her pigs.
The next year, I increased my produc-
tive enterprises to include pecans, hogs,
poultry, and corn, and my labor income
increased to $327.33. I was elected sec-
retary of the local FFA chapter, and was
appointed chairman of the Scholarship
Committee. In February of 1947, I was
elected to the Chapter Farmer Degree.
During my junior year in high school,
I was unable to take agriculture because
of a conflict in the schedule. Although
I didn't take agriculture, I continued to
be an active FFA member, and remained

as secretary of the chapter and chairman
of the Scholarship Committee. I in-
creased the acreage of corn, almost
doubled the number of hogs for meat,
besides having sixteen head for breeding.
I continued the acre of pecans, added an
acre of sweet potatoes, and a half acre
of cucumbers. My labor income was
$964.64. This was a great increase over
any previous year.
The most important improvement pro-
jects for the three years were: building
new fences, planting soil improvement
crops, improving the breeding of live-
stock, installing lights and other modern
conveniences, and starting a home fruit
orchard. This year, I am covering the
farm dwelling with fireproof siding.
The list of supplementary farm prac-
tices is long, but here are a few: Im-
proving the fertilization of crops, con-
serving and using farm manures, treating
seed, laying pipes, fertilizing, spraying
and general maintenance of fruit trees
and grape arbors, and castrating live-

Purebred Swine

Project Hailed at


Hawthorne F.F.A. Adviser
THE MEMBERS STARTED the pure-bred hog
project for the Hawthorne Chapter in
May 1948 with one pure bred guilt, just
weaned. Two of our boys bought a pure-
bred barrow to feed out for the fat hog
show in Ocala, at this same time.
We selected clean, well drained land,
and built large pens, or lots, about one-
fourth acre each and provided shade and
running water, a concrete feed flour and
water trough and a concrete hog wallow
These pigs were fed a balanced ration
with little grazing, but some green feed
thrown over. They averaged about 200
lbs. each at the time of the hog show in
Ocala, September 29-Oct. 1, 1948. About
4A lbs. of feed was required for each
pound of gain during this period. The
cost of this feed averaged four and one-
half cents per pound.
At this Ocala show and sale, Mr. J. G.
Smith, District Supervisor, bought Proud
Lassie, a six and one-half months old
guilt, raised by Mr. W. T. Cannon and
Son of Live Oak. This guilt was turned
over to us to start the Fla. FFA pig
chain. A few days later she was bred to
an outstanding boar belonging to the
Trenton FFA chapter.
Our boys took good care of these hogs
and they developed into good brood
sows. On January 24, 1949, Proud Lassie
brought us eight pigs, 4 guilts and 4
boars. On April 1, 1949, Our chapter
guilt, Miss Hawthorne, brought us ten
pigs, 4 guilts and 6 boars. We grew the
pigs out very successfully, and when they
were from 21 to 3 months old and weigh-
ing from 50 to 60 lbs., we still had the
8 in the first litter and the ten in the
second litter and sold them for $25.00
each. They were all sold to local people
who needed good hogs. With every pig
we furnished the registration paper. We
selected Proud Lassie's two prettiest
guilts to pay for their mother and Mr.
Smith turned them over to High Springs
and Callahan Chapter members, when
they were about five and a half months
We grew some corn and peanuts for
these hogs last year, 1948, and again this
summer. That with scraps from our
kitchen has helped to keep down our
feed costs. But, still, the feed bill has
been a considerable item of expense to
our Chapter. But, the hogs have now
paid out and the two sows are starting
with their second litters.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

Three Vice Presidents Speak:

Projects Range from Swine to Citrus

Among State FFA Upper Echelons

From Scrub Cows to
Purebred Angus
State 2nd Vice-President, Plant City Chapter
ture Farmer activities have meant much
to me. At the time of my initiation as
a Green Hand in 1945, my projects con-
sisted of six head of scrub cows; hogs,
which were used at home; five acres of
sweet corn for a money crop; and one
half acre of sugar cane which was used
for syrup.
Mr. D. A. Storms was supervisor my
second year of agriculture. That year I
received my Chapter Farmer degree. I
was a member of the judging team at the
Guernsey Show and Sale at Largo, where
I won a second place prize. I was also
the chapter reporter that year. My best
project for the year was a purebred Aber-
deen Angus steer, which I purchased
from Mr. C. E. Williams of Bartow. I
kept this steer for ten months, feeding
him on snap corn, velvet beans, and su-
gar cane, which were home grown; sup-
plemented by purchased cotton seed
meal and Omaline. This Aberdeen An-
gus weighed 550 pounds when I sold him
at the Southeastern Fat Stock Show for
331c per pound. I made over $1oo
profit. My next best project consisted of
six head of beef cattle with considerable
Brahman blood. I cleared $86 from
this project. Another project was five
acres of sugar cane, which was used as
a forage crop for the cattle. Again I
had three head of feeder hogs, which I
fattened on home grown corn.
I was elected President of our chapter
at the beginning of the 1948-49 school
year. I was a member of the judging team
that represented the Plant City Chapter
at the State Fair. Our team won the
first place, and was awarded a trip to
Kansas City, where we competed in a
National Stock Judging Contest.
Two of my projects for my final year
in school were: five head of feeder hogs
fattened for home use (I fed them corn
and kitchen waste); and ten acres of
sugar cane for a forage crop, which will
be used for winter feed. I am proud of
my beef cattle project this year, as I have
five of the best cows in our herd of over
500 head. I have the most outstanding
veal on the ranch, and own two more
fine calves. My eight head of cattle are

worth more than $800.
The Hillsborough County Rodeo
held here at Plant City each Fourth of
July held many thrills and spills for me.
I was very fortunate in taking second
place in calf roping, and first place in
cow pony racing. Although, I was no
money winner in either Bronc riding,
Bull-dogging and Bull-riding, I was out
there showing the public what a Future
Farmer could do.
I planted okra and tended 3 acre of
collards, which I have on shares with my
brother, William. We also put in 20
acres of Rhodes grass.

Matthews Started
With Corn, Livestock
State 1st Vice-President, Allentown Chapter
MY FFA WORK BEGAN when I entered
the eighth grade at Allentown High
School, under the direction of Mr. L. H.
Kendall. He has been very helpful to me
in planning my farming program. The
first year, I had one acre of corn, one
meat hog, and one beef breeding cow.
In 1946-47, I increased my farming
program considerably. I financed it with
my first year's earnings. I had five
acres of corn, one beef breeding cow, one
breeding hog, and two meat hogs. I
used part of the corn to feed my livestock
to help cut expenses.
In 1947-48, after returning from For-
estry Camp, I obtained thirty acres of
land from my Father. I planted this
thirty acres in slash pine as a new pro-
ject. I also had five acres of corn,
four head of breeding hogs, and sixteen
head of meat hogs. I raised forty pure-
bred Durocs, and sold them as breeding
This year, I have twenty-five acres of
corn, thirty acres of forest, two breeding
hogs, and ten meat hogs. I am still rais-
ing purebred Durocs, which I plan to
sell as breeding stock.
I have always had at least three pro-
jects in my farming program. To date,
my labor income is $2,o63.22.
I have had some fine experiences in
our FFA, and in Vocational Agriculture.
The work I have done in FFA has been
enjoyable, as well as educational. Hav-
ing already received my State Farmer De-
gree, my next goal is the American
Farmer Degree.

Valencias Are
Bronson's Interest
State 5th Vice-President, Ocoee, Florida
ONE OF MY PROJECTS for 1947-48 was
four acres of Valencia Oranges-Citrus.
The orange trees were about seven to
ten years of age, and averaged about one
to four boxes per tree for a total of four
hundred boxes. The crop was very light
compared to other years, and though the
price was very low, I was fortunate to
get one dollar per box. The total charges
included: material for dusting, spraying,
fertilizing, plowing, and disking. I had
a labor income of one hundred and sev-
enty-five dollars, and a net profit of one
hundred and thirty dollars.
My other project was a Jersey calf,
which I bought four days after it was
born for three dollars. The total charge
for raising this calf was fifty-four dollars
and twenty cents. I had a labor income
of forty dollars and eighty cents from this
During the '47-48 school term, I entered
the Public Speaking Contest, and was
a member of the judging team at Tampa.
I continued my four acre project in
1948-49. The prices at one dollar and
fifty cents per box, were much better this
year, and I received five hundred and
seven dollars and twenty cents for the
crop. The total charges were one hun-
dred and eighty-three dollars, which in-
cluded dusting, fertilizing, spraying, disk-
ing, plowing, and hoeing. I estimated
that each acre had increased in value at
least twelve dollars and fifty cents per
acre, which gave me a labor income of
three hundred and seventy-four dollars
and twenty cents.
My other project was home gardening.
The garden was on two acres of good,
low, and moist land, suitable for growing
vegetables. The garden included corn,
beans, peas, okra, turnips, mustard, and
squash. The total expense of thirty-three
dollars and five cents was for feed and
fuel for the tractor. My student labor
income was eighty-three dollars and forty-
five cents, giving me a net profit of forty
dollars and ninety-five cents. We used
part of the vegetables at home, and sold
the remainder.
Last year, I served as President of the
local chapter, entered the public speak-
ing contest, and sang in the quartet.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

Suwannee Vets

Exhibit Winners

At County Fair

by SHELTON PINKERTON, Veterans Teacher
tober 24-October 29, with the Veterans
Vocational Agricultural trainees partici-
pating by exhibiting a very outstanding
Each item exhibited was from the dif-
ferent veterans' farms, coming either
from Branford or Live Oak Center. The
display showed an example of a well
rounded Live-At-Home program. There
was a wide display of canned vegetables,
fruits, etc. Also exhibited were home
cured meat and lard along with home
grown fresh fruits and vegetables.
The booth displayed several kinds of
hays and also exhibited samples of the
several different kinds of grasses that can
be grown in this county.
To show work done in the planting
of better varieties, several different var-
ieties of corn were displayed. Small
grain and other feed crops such as velvet
beans, peanuts, and chufas were shown.
Tobacco was shown as one of the cash
crops. Several varieties of pecans were
also exhibited giving credit to the large
number produced here for market. Blue
lupine, crotolaria, and hairy indigo were
exhibited to show the crops used most
as cover crops. Lupine and indigo seeds
are finding their place in this county as
cash crops as well as are some of the grass
The veterans booth was the only booth
that showed record books. These books
were records kept by different trainees
and represented that they were an im-
portant item in farming.
All of these farm products were dis-
played on a background of red, white
and blue showing the National colors
under which these veterans served dur-
ing the war and are now serving by pro-
ducing more and better farm produce.
The veterans booth won 35 blue rib-
bons, 26 red ones, and 1 white ribbon,
thereby carrying away more ribbons than
any other booth. On the day of judging,
the veteran's booth was eliminated from
competition with other booths and was
placed first in an individual group, win-
ning second prize money of $50.oo plus
$26. go for prize on individual items.

Ponce de Leon
methods to use in planting slash pine
seedlings, the veterans planted 7500 seed-

Suwannee County veterans in on-farm training programs claim first place for this
exhibit at the Suwannee County Fair.

Walnut Hill Trainee Continues to

Grow On His 160 Acre Farmstead

WIALNUT HILL- Start off small and grow
is the motto of Morris B. Miller, Veteran
farm trainee, who farms in the Northern
part of Escambia County, a short dis-
tance from Atmore, Alabama.
Born and raised on a farm, Morris
knew what the farm could do if proper
knowledge and hard work were applied
at the right times. He began in 1947 by
renting a 3o-acre farm right after return-
ing from army duty. After one year of
this, he branched out and rented a 70o-
acre farm and bought a go-acre tract of
timberland. Since that time, his hard
work formula has paid off. Just a quick
look at his deep freezer and his wife's
pantry will prove his point.
They canned 12oo jars of fruits, meats,
vegetables and preserves and jellies in
1947, 0ooo again in 1948, and again this
year. In the deep freeze unit, Morris
has put 50 fryers, 50 hens, two hogs and
a beef to be used as needed during 1949.
By canning fruits and vegetables and
putting his meats in a deep freeze proves
that Morris is above the average farmer
in his ability to make a living on the
After acquiring the go acres of his own,
Morris fenced the tract and cleared 40
acres of it for cultivation. This with
his 70-acre rented tract gives him 160
acres of real farmland. Morris has im-

proved it by the right use of soil and wa-
ter conservation practices recommended
by the Perdido River Soil Conservation
District. His crops are varied from Irish
potatoes, soy beans and corn, to livestock,
such as about ioo hogs, sired by regis-
tered Durocs, cows and adequate pasture
consisting mostly of White Dutch Clover
and Lespedeza sericea. Morris has 300
laying hens to give him a daily cash in-
come and this year added to acres of
turnips for sale as a truck crop.
Not only is he interested in his farm
as a business, but he is community-con-
scious, working with the County Farm
Bureau, Duroc Association in Escambia
County and the American Legion post in
He has built a good barn and laid the
foundation for a sturdy home, with all
the lumber being used coming from the
40 acres he cleared. Morris hasn't stop
ped growing, but he is making a com-
fortable living now and intends to im-
prove and enjoy his farming as he grows.

THE VETERANS at Jay have finished plant-
ing 45 acres of Crimson Clover, 21 acres
of Pensacola Bahia and Dallas grass.
John S. Pittman, Veterans Teacher, re-
ported that all the veterans are co-
operating in preventing and controlling
forest fires.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950


RETURNING FROM SERVING his country dur-3
ing the last war, David W. Maxwell en-
rolled in the Veterans On-The-Farm
class at Lake City. He started with a
run down farm and the desire to have
it produce grass for cattle.
By planting cover crops to improve
the soil on the farm, he made his initial
start. In June of 1947, a pangola grass
seed bed was planted; today he has 60
acres of this fine grass. The seedbed
was mowed in August of 1948, the grass
being spread in the field then disked in
to give a good start in helping to root it.
A fertilizer of 400 lbs. 0-14-1o and 1oo
lbs. of Uramon per acre was used in the
spring of 1949. Maxwell was able to cut

an average of two tons of grass hay per
acre in August, and another ton per acre
in October. This was a good return on
the original cost of $o1.oo per acre for
Seventy-five acres of the farm was
seeded in Pensacola Bahia from which
he combined an average of 200 lbs. of
seed per acre in July. He used 400 Ibs.
of 5-12-6 with rare elements and loo lbs.
of Uramon per acre in fertilizing last
Since the weather is not always favor-
able to "making hay" trainee has a drier
which will handle from o2 to 30 tons in
fourteen hours for a cost of about $6.oo
per ton. The drier has four blowers to

push the hot dry air through the hay,
thus enabling it to dry faster.
While waiting for the pangola grass to
grow for mowing and the Bahia for
combining, he has four acres of Coastal
Bermuda grass, ten acres of African
Weeping Love grass, and forty acres of
Alyce Clover for the cattle to graze. In
the summer, sixty acres of hairy indigo
is planted for soil improvement, and in
the winter, sixty acres of sweet lupine
for grazing and soil improvement.
By trying new grasses and new meth-
ods, under the guidance of his teacher,
P. A. Browning, Maxwell has proved that
improved practices and pastures can help
him turn his dream of a livestock farm
into a reality.

Tragedy Stalks Turkey
Creek Veterans for
Second Time
TRAGEDY, in the form of dread disease,
has struck a second time in the Turkey
Creek Veterans On-The-Farm Training
classes. The second victim is Mrs. John
Foy Lee, who was stricken with polio.
After being confined to the polio ward
in a Tampa hospital, doctors performed
a delicate Caesarean operation to deliver
her six pound, two ounce baby boy.
Mrs. Lee's husband, several months
ago, started a campaign to help a class-
mate veteran, Wallace Beaty, whose boy
was suffering from Leukemia. The
Beatys received financial aid, and mem-
bers of his class also donated time to help
with his work during little Butch's ill-
ness. Donations to help cover expenses
were made by members of Lee's class, the
class at Turkey Creek and citizens of the
Turkey Creek community.

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

^* ^*' ': : " "" ']" [

Daniel W. Maxwell, Lake City veteran, is shown above illustrating four steps in his hay-production operation. At left he mows
Pangola grass and at right he is raking the hay. into windows.

Maxwell, Lake City Veteran, Sees Great Opportunity

In Production of Pangola Hay, Using Modern Methods

"For Complete Screw Worm Control"





The name Barry's appears on every can-ask for it by name:


For Sale by your local dealer, or write direct,




` -,


Maxwell then bales his Pangola in simple round bales with his pick-up baler, and at right he is shown in his hay drier, with
P. A. Browning (left) his Veterans vocational agriculture teacher.

Lee Has Own


Farm Shop

IF YOU ASK Willie Lee of Reddick how
to accumulate tools and machinery, he
probably will tell you, by keeping up
with the tools that you buy. He has lost
only one pair of pliers in three years.
He has recently completed a practical
shop, 20' x 40', valued at $3oo. His
tools, valued at $650 are kept in open
cabinets at the back of the shop, as each
one has a place. When a tool has been
used it is cleaned, oiled lightly and put
in its proper place.
To show what he means about the
shop being practical is to see a few of
the jobs done there. The construction
of a tractor wheel puller saves time and
labor in changing the wheels on his
tractor. He built a drill press for $20.00,
instead of buying one for $150.00.
Other things made for the shop or
farm are: A portable saw, a vise stand,
a forge, a farm wagon, a rotary type
mowing machine. He has installed an
attic fan, a running water system in the
house, converted his wife's sewing
machine to electricity, and has plans to
build a deep freeze for the kitchen.

DeSoto On-Farm Trainees Find

Dairy Cows Profitable Investment

VETERANS taking Institutional-on-the-Farm
Training in DeSoto County are "sold"
on having milk cows which provide many
of the necessities as well as luxuries of
life. When this course started in Novem-
ber 1946, one veteran in ten had a cow.
The other veterans, at that time, stated
that a cow was not a profitable invest-
ment. Today, however, eighteen of the
twenty veterans possess their own cows
and realize a profit from them.
These veterans have found that the
cow is a profitable investment since it
provides the owner with approximately
ten quarts of milk a day. At present
milk prices, this is $2.50 worth of milk
a day. Homemade butter, cottage cheese,
and buttermilk enrich the farmers' tables.
The skim milk reduces the feed bills and
greatly aids in keeping pork or chicken
on the table. Baby beef can also be
provided with the family milk cow.
Usually about /4 of the cow's milk
production is fed to her calf and, in
six months, a 200 lb. baby beef is ready
for the deep freezer. Calf hides are being
used to replace the seats in kitchen

Blountstown Veteran Harvests 75

Bushels of Corn on Single Acre

HORACE KENT Of Blountstown, Veteran
of World War II, harvested 75 bushels
of corn from one acre. This was the
result of a trial acre of corn being planted
under the supervision of Mr. Wayman
Cayson, local Veterans Teacher. Kent
used 900 lbs. of 4-10-7 fertilizer, applying
it at three intervals. That is, for the
first and second applications he used 400

lbs. each and finally an application of
1oo lbs. The variety of seed used was
Whatleys prolific and was planted on
average soil under normal conditions.
This yield is about 6 or 7 times above
the average yield for this country. Kent
gives credit for this unusual yield to
proper cultivation and the use of an
adequate amount of fertilizer.

DeSoto County veterans are not all in
the purebred milk cow business, but they
do have a good number of milk cows
since they have found that a milk cow
is the best investment they have ever
made. The veterans and their families
take care of the cow and, in turn, she

helps them

build a stronger live-at-home

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

For Better Beef
to add



Use time tested







S--" -

all the vegetables in his home garden.
"i "

Roy Long, Deland veteran, inspects a quart of Irish potatoes in
all the vegetables in his home garden.

Gala Welcome

Assured at Tampa
(Continued from page 3)
and an arena with seating capacity of
Attention is called to the innovation
in the Poultry Division. For the first
time in our history the Florida Poultry
Industry is organizing an exhibit of Flor-
ida utility birds (egg and meat produ-
cers) and will show in competition. This
show is spear-headed by prominent State
feed dealers and top-ranking breeders
and producers. Nationally known dealers
in farm equipment, incubators, labora-
tories, etc. will exhibit.
There will be education and fun for
all Florida Future Farmer chapter mem-
bers at the 1950 Florida State Fair
at Tampa. Do wear your jackets and
caps so that the tens of thousands of
Fair-goers may realize the big part FFA
plays in our State.

THE VETERANS have been busy building
and installing sanitary privies in coopera-
tion with the Sanitary Department.
Through cooperation, they have reduced
the cost of each privy installed to $42.00,
under the supervision of David Wyche,
Veterans Teacher.

FUTURE FARMERS of the Inverness Chapter
have worked out an agreement with the
Gulf Soil Conservation District for hand-
ling equipment, including seeders, ferti-
lizer, distributors, and a chopper. The
FFA Chapter will be in charge of renting
the equipment, which they will keep
stored at the school building.

to pay expenses of their delegates to the
National Convention by presenting three
one-act plays, November 18.

Long Combines

Varied Agriculture

With Fernery

by A. N. MINER, Veterans Teacher
CANNED POTATOES, field peas, chicken,
pears, tomatoes, and pickles-a whole 6
ft. x 3 ft cabinet full-meet your eye and
make your mouth water when you walk
into Roy Long's storeroom. If you have
had a good meal and can let your eye
wander, you will see mor jars of canned
goods on the floor, and will notice the
bin where Roy stores his Porto Rican
bunch sweet potatoes each year.
When Roy was released from the Navy,
it seemed that the next good strong
wind would "flatten" out such of his
fernery and farm buildings as were not
already on the ground. Since that time,
Roy has put the buildings back in order,
built a garage and packing shed combina-
tion, and a wash house and storeroom
building. As he likes a good place in
which to live as well as good food to
eat, Roy has refinished his home inside
and has just finished adding two new
rooms. The REA put in its blessed ap-
pearance in the Long home the first of
this year, and Roy is now looking for a
market for his generator. When the new
water system and remodeled bathroom
are finished, his home will be complete.
Beyond Roy Long's cane and sweet po-
tato plantings is a farrowing pen for his
Guinea sow that is soon to become a
mother. The sow and boar, in an ad-
jacent pen, are sleek and happy as they
lie in the shade and thrive on the home
grown corn and supplementary feeds that
Roy gives them.
An excellent fall garden indicates
more food for the family, and more pro-
ducts for canning. Roy is also preparing
a pasture, and expects to secure a family
milk cow in the near future.
During the time he has been on the
Veterans' Training program, Mr. Long
has added about one acre to his fernery.
This acre plus the original fern, that
he has brought back into production, will
be his main cash enterprise in the fu-
The constant year around work of
fern production and growing food for
his family makes Roy a rotund and hap-
py man, and after a visit to his farm you
can feel a renewed faith that farming is
really a way of life as well as a way to
make a living.

THE VETERANS have finished seeding 22
acres of Kudzu, Bahia and Crimson

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

Cottondale Veteran Gets First

Farm Housing Loan in Florida

Cottondale, received the first Farm
Housing Loan in Florida. He is a
Veteran enrolled in the Institutional
On-Farm Training Program, with Mr.
John S. Braxton as his Teacher.
Hubert started his training as a renter
in 1947, and was able to purchase his
present farm of 120 acres in 1948,
though he still rents 3o acres for farming,
he planted cover crops and practiced
other improvements to built it up. He
has cleared 53 acres and is in the process
of clearing 23 acres more. His plans
are to have all the farm in production
by 1953, with io acres in a farm pond
and woodland. So far, he has 14 acres
of improved permanent pasture and a
nursery plot of Coastal Bermuda. This
last year, he produced cotton, peanuts,
corn, oats, millet, and a home garden.
His livestock program consisted of 5 milk
cows, 5 other cattle, a farm poultry flock,
3 Duroc sows and 24 hogs, which he
sold this last year.
The trainee has planned his farming
practices for 1950, planting Dixie Run-
ner peanuts in 30 inch rows, 6 inches
in the row, fertilizing with 400 pounds
of 0-14-10 per acre, and dusting with
Sulpher and DDT. The cotton will be
Coker's wilt resistant in 36 inch rows,
with 400 pounds of 4-10-7 per acre, and
side dressing with Soda. The 20 acres
of Dixie-18 corn in 42 inch rows, 24
inches in the drill, fertilizing with 400

pounds of 4-10-7 per acre, and side
dressing with Soda. To improve the
land, planting 22 acres of lupine, using
1oo pounds of seed per acre, fertilizing
with 400 pounds of o-14-10 per acre,
treating to acres of clover pasture with
a ton of lime and 400 pounds of 0-14-10
per acre, to acres of millet to be followed
by soybeans for grazing, purchase 7 head
of dairy cows, a purebred boar, and
plans for abundant milk, eggs, pork, and
poultry meat, vegetables and fruit for
the family use. He plans to seed to
acres of Dixie Crimson and ladino
clover and 5 acres of Pensacola Bahia
His long-time program calls for him
to develop pasture and feed crops to
support a 20 cow dairy herd in 1953.
Then he expects to have 50 acres in
improved permanent pasture and 60 to
65 acres in row crops, keeping 3 to 5
brood sows and producing 75 to 80
hogs for market, testing all the livestock
for bang's disease and feeding the neces-
sary minerals. Re-arranging the fence
so that the farm will be in to plots.
The loan will be used to improve the
dwelling and farm buildings. In the
home, he will re-screen all the windows
and outside doors, put two coats of paint
on all exterior and interior woodwork,
re-roof with a metal roofing, replace the
front porch with cement, and install a
bath and build more closet space. The
yard will be landscaped by leveling and

TOM SMITH, On-the-Farm Trainee in
Ocala, has an idea that he is working
into a profitable and worthwhile busi-
ness, under the supervision of his teacher,
Mr. Bryan H. Phillips.
His idea was to raise replacement
stock for dairy herds, obtaining surplus
heifer calves from dairies. In June,
1946, he purchased a 260 acre farm in
Marion County and started raising
heifers. Starting on a small scale, he
has gradually increased to 80 heifers and
plans to start ioo heifers this year, which
he figures as a minimum number for
his farm.
He obtains the calves from different
dairies in the State when they are about
three days old. The calves at this age
require very close attention, being sensi-
tive to changes in diet. The calves are
weaned from a liquid diet from three to
six months of age, the condition of the

individual animal being the determining
factor. A good concentrate and plenty
of hay is fed from weaning until they
are about nine months old. After this,
they feed well on pasture. If the ani-
mals grow out well, they are bred to
freshen at around two years of age.
The trainee raises corn and hairy
indigo for hay, and plans on including
some oats in the future. The cane is
used for winter feed for yearlings and
older animals, with protein supplement.
Tom and Majorie, his wife, are very
active in community activities. Tom is
Chairman of the Music Committee of
his Church, member of the Church
Choir, and Sunday School. He is the
Secretary-Treasurer of the Marion Coun-
ty Veterans' Farmers' Cooperative.
Majorie is a member of the Pioneer
Garden Club, and Chairman of the
Junior Garden Club.

planting shrubs, and fruit trees for
shade. He will build a 4-stall dairy
barn, a 22 foot by 40 foot tool shed for
his tractor and equipment, erect 8 rolls
of cross fence, and buy seed and fertilizer
for pasture improvement.

Independence is

Main Objective

Of Vet Program
Institutional-on-the-Farm Training pro-
gram is to enable the veteran to become
independent in his chosen life of farm-
ing. This is accomplished by improved
and modern methods of fertilization,
spraying, and marketing, accompanied
by an improved "live-at-home" program.
Two and one-half years ago, Leon
Pittman began his training under the
GI Bill of Rights. Realizing that a
farmer's home should be as up-to-date
as his farming methods, Leon built a
modern five-room house.
His next objective was to improve and
enlarge his asparagus plumosus business.
He planted his own seed under trees
in a "hammock," assuring himself of a
supply of plants to transplant at the
proper time. He saved approximately
$10.00 per thousand plants or, $400.00
per acre-on plants alone.
After having such good luck with the
seed bed under the oak trees, Leon ex-
panded his acreage of fernery under the
trees. This enabled him to furnish
florists with a better quality of fern
through the hot summer months of June,
July, and August. By planting under
the trees, the "keeping" quality of the
fern was improved, less "rust" was en-
countered, and a large expenditure for
slat shade was saved. Mr. Pittman plans
to expand his program to include potted
ornamentals and citrus trees.
During the past few months, Leon has
been working on an enlarged live-at-
home program as stressed by all instruc-
tors of Institutional-on-the-Farm Train-
ing. He has set up a small poultry
business, fattened and butchered two
meat hogs for his own consumption.
He plans to buy a milk cow and use
the surplus milk to raise veal to help
stock his deep freezer.
We feel sure that the expiration of
Leon Pittman's training will find him
a modern independent and successful
farmer with a comfortable home and a
happy family.

DELAND FFA members have christened
their new purebred Hereford heifer "Hur-

The Florida Future Farmer for January, 1950

Ocala Trainee Raising Dairy

Replacement Stock at Profit

.4lf l I

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