, V i j[
Your scales can be a valuable ally to your judging
eye! For years livestock breeders have kept weight
and performance records, as well as pedigrees. Now
many commercial producers are taking a tip from
them. Recording birth weights and weaning weights
of calves, pigs and lambs. Using their records to
help cull, to select their likeliest breeding stock.
There is lots of evidence of the value of your
scales in helping your eye. Here are just a few
1) At Purdue University they weighed 7,554 pigs
from 784 litters. Here's what they found. Pigs that
weighed THREE pounds at birth averaged 28
pounds at weaning. But pigs that weighed TWO
pounds at birth weighed only 21 pounds at weaning.
Of the heavy pigs, 77% lived to weaning age, against
only 49% of the light pigs. And right up to market
weight, the heavier pigs had a higher rate of gain.
2) The U. S. D. A. has kept a 14-year record on
beef calves. Birth weights vary from 40 to 109
pounds. Their finding: heavier-than-average calves
reach a 500-pound weaning weight and 900-pound
marketing weight faster than lighter-than-average
calves. You know what that means! Less feed. More
and quicker profit.
3) Sheep Experiment Station men at Dubois,
Idaho, find they can use the scales to select breeding
stock for greater production in the future. Their
ewe lambs, which are heavier than average at wean-
ing time, prove to be the best producers in total
lamb weight and fleece weights.
You need a good "judging eye" to tell you whether
an animal has good conformation, is true to type,
etc. But the evidence of recorded weights does point
strongly to a general rule which can help your eye:
Keep or buy animals heaviest at birth or weaning!
From grass range to gas range, in our big nation most of the
livestock is raised far from where it is eaten-an average of
more than 1,000 miles. Swift & Company helps bridge this
gap and balance the supply in one area with the demand in
another. Efficient processing and distribution keep the
meat moving to markets all over the country. For these
services Swift earns a profit of a fraction of a cent a pound.
This has no noticeable effect on either meat or livestock
prices. It's the demand for the available supply in the
nation-wide markets which governs the price of meat and
thus the price of livestock. For the price we pay for animals
must be based on what the meat and by-products will bring.
Prices of Hogs May Rise or Fall
But Competition Sets Them All
I have been with Swift & Company for
46 years. Most of my work has had to
do with the buying of hogs and selling
of pork and pork products. I would like
to make a point that I believe should be of interest
to you, as producers.
In July 1932, top hog price in Chicago was 5% c
a pound. That was highest for the year. In Decem-
ber 1932, top hogs sold for 3. This year hogs hit
an all-time high of more than 30 cents a pound.
a ----Z -I- I I 3 -3.0
--------- -_ ------ ;5.0
S- - -
IllO 31 31 1 33 35 63 3 38 31 0 41 4Z 43 44 45 46 4 0 4 4 5
No meat packing company can control either live-
stock or meat prices. More than 3,500 competing
meat packers and 22,500 other commercial slaugh-
terers see to that. So do 35,000,000 meat-eating fam-
ilies. No packer's buyer can hold down the price of
livestock. No packing company could boost up the
price of meat.
Now, here's the point I want to get across to you.
Those prices, both lowest and highest, were set by
(1) the supply of hogs, and (2) the demand for pork.
Mr. Lund, guesc editor this month, is Vice-President of
Swift & Company in charge of hog buying, processing and
distribution of pork products.
INDIVIDUAL PORK ROASTS
4 1-inch-thick shoulder pork 1 tablespoon chopped
1 teaspoon prepared mustard V teaspoon sage
2 cups bread crumbs 1 teaspoon salt
Spread chops with mustard. Make a dressing of bread, onions and season-
ings with just enough water to moisten. Brown chops in a heavy skillet. When
well browned, top chops with dressing pressed firm. Bake covered in a
moderate oven (3500 F.) for 20 minutes. Uncover and bake 15 to 20
minutes until dressing is crisp and brown. (Yield: 4 servings.)
OUR CITY COUSIN
Cries City Cousin, /
.Swit &Com y UNION STOCK YARDS
Swift & Company CHICAGO 9, ILLINOIS
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Early Fall Roundup Rams equipped with a web har-
Sness for holding colored chalk,
help "write" their own breeding records. This device is
being used in the breeding flocks of many large Wyoming
ranchers. It helps owners keep their records. They know when
ewes will lamb... which lambs are from which sire.
Control swine parasites-make more profit, suggests the
University of Minnesota. Even fall pigs may be infested
with internal parasites. Strict sanitation is the key to con-
trol. Clean and scrub farrowing pens with boiling lye water.
Wash the sides and udders of sows with soapy water before
farrowing. After farrowing keep the pigs on clean pasture
until bad fall weather sets in.
Many feeder cattle are prone to contract shipping fever.
This disease is a type of pneumonia. It may be brought on
by fatigue, irregular feeding and exposure. Vaccination, two
weeks before shipping, helps reduce the danger, reports the
University of Illinois. Cattle arriving in the feed lot should
be protected from cold winds and rain. Light, bulky feeds
like whole oats and roughage should be fed. Sick animals
should be isolated promptly and a veterinary called.
The Red Wagon
No doubt you've seen the food trucks, so
gaily painted red, that travel 'round the
country, helping keep our people fed? The
story of these trucks is a story you should know-it started
in New England, some ninety years ago. There a boy,
Gustavus Swift, who later won renown, bought a heifer,
butchered it, then sold it 'round the town. Stave made a
little profit-two dollars, it is said. It wasn't much to start
on, but it helped him get ahead. His wagon-yes, you've
guessed it-from which he sold his meat, was a vivid red
in color, to be noticed on the street. Stave moved on to
Boston when his trade began to grow, then headed for
Chicago, where he started Swift & Co. Now the Swift
trucks deliver meat and butter by the ton, and they're
counted by the thousands instead of only one. To this day
Swift trucks are red, that all the world may know this trade
mark of the business Swift started
years ago... and on each load de-
livered, Swift earns a service fee- l
a fraction of a cent a pound, saved
by Dr. H. I. Featherly
Oklahoma A. and M. College
The poisonous plant, bladderpod, is mov-
ing steadily northward. First brought Dr. H.I. Featherly
into southern United States from the West Indies, it h.as
now invaded states as far north as North Carolina,
Kentucky, Arkansas, Oklahoma-and beyond. The
bladderpod weed is an annual legume. It grows 2 to 12
feet high with spreading branches and compound leaves
-somewhat like those of the honey locust. The blos-
soms are yellow and shaped like a pea flower. The pods
are pointed at each end and contain two brown, flat-
tened beans enclosed in a papery bag (hence the name,
bladderpod). The beans have a long scar on one edge.
After frost, the leaves fall off. But the pods remain on
Animals affected. Any animal that eats enough of the
bladderpod beans may be poisoned. In Oklahoma, most
losses have been with cattle.
Poisonous part. The mature beans after frost.
Most dangerous season. From the first fall frost until
about the middle of March.
Symptoms. At first-depression, rapid pulse and res-
piration, muscle-trembling, rough coat, diarrhea or con-
stipation, and loss of flesh Later on-staggering,
prostration, inability to rise-and death.
Remedy. None satisfactory is known.
Prevention. Cut the plants before they form seeds.
After frost do not allow animals unaccustomed to blad-
derpod to graze on the beans.
(/; Soda Bill S
It pays to say good of folks. A feller will nigh "bust"
himself tryingto be asgood as hethinksyou think he is.
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
* NUTRITION IS OUR BUSINESS -AND YOURS *
Right Eating Adds Life to Your Years and Years to Your Life
FAR out from the nearest fire
department what will
happen if fire breaks out in your
home or barn? The best answer
is to build with concrete. For
concrete can't burn. It resists
fire; retards it and helps keep
it from spreading. Protects your
family. Helps save from destruc-
tion the valuable herd and equip-
ment on which your productive
Concrete farm buildings are
attractive and comfortable, eco-
nomical to build and to own.
If you need help, get in touch
with your concrete contractor or
your building material dealer.
Check list and paste on a postal for helpful
PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION
Hurt Bldg., Atlanta 3, Ga.
Firesafe Homes 0 Granaries
Concrete Barns n Poultry Houses
o Hog Houses D Storage Cellars
O Feeding Floors O Milk Houses
CREOSOTE, CREOSOTE VATS
MECHANICAL POST PEELERS
for treating fence posts
J. E. FLOURNOY
P. O. Box 388 Macon, Ga.
By Way of Editorial Comment:
Progress in Vocational Farm
Education is Extraordinary
By J. E. BAZEMORE, State Manager
Chilean Nitrate Educational Bureau, Inc., Orlando, Florida
(See picture on page 6)
FLORIDA has made remarkable progress along practically all lines during the past
several years. As it should have been, the educational system and the agriculture of
the state have been vastly improved to the point of setting the pace in the march of
progress. No one would venture to argue to the contrary but many would be
inclined to le human to the extent of accepting this progress as a matter of course.
But, since progress does not come without considerable effort, it might be worthwhile
to have a look at what has been going on behind the scenes and what has been
responsible for some of this progress.
While our educational system and educational institutions have been keeping
pace with the times, some phases of our school program deserve especial consideration
and credit. Outstanding among these is the Department of Vocational Agricultural
Education which was established soon after the passage in 1917 of the Smith-Hughes
Act providing for the teaching of Vocational Agriculture in high schools.
Since the small beginning with only eight teachers in 1917 there are now 115
white and 32 colored vocational agriculture teachers located in high schools in fifty-six
counties of the state. The annual enrollment of vocational agriculture students or
"FUTURE FARMERS" is between 6500 and 7000, and the total number of indi-
viduals who have been enrolled in the various white high schools is approximately
45,000 which is about one for each two farms in the entire state.
Not all of the Future Farmers have become farmers actually, but a large percentage
have become good farmers or rather better farmers because of their training in
vocational agriculture during their high school days. Others have gone into various
lines of important work and have become leaders. Quite a number of former
Vocational Agriculture students are now primarily identified in the general education
field as teachers, high school principals and as County Superintendents of Education.
Incidentally, the Assistant Director of the Florida Agricultural Extension Service is a
former vocational agriculture student. Many others are now agricultural leaders in
Florida and in other states.
Too much cannot be said for the teachers who devote their full time to the
Vocational Agriculture program in their respective school communities. Without
exception they are especially well qualified by experience and training for their
important work and they keep up to date by systematic study and conferences. The
vocational agriculture teacher not only teaches subject matter, but believes and acts
in keeping with the F.F.A. motto-"Learning to do. Doing to learn. Earning to
live. Living to serve." In addition to his regular teaching duties and supervising
the project programs required of all vocational agriculture students, the teacher acts
as Chapter Adviser and in this capacity assists his Future Farmers in learning to
handle their Chapter affairs in a creditable manner. This particular training enables
every Future Farmer to be a better organization man in the days that follow.
For the vast amount of constructive service being rendered by Mr. H. E. Wood,
State Supervisor, his supervisory staff and the 147 full-time Vocational Agriculture
teachers, much real credit is due. These men are making a very definite contribution to
the progress of Florida agriculturally and to the building of a fine type of citizenship.
They deserve the best we can give them in the way of support and cooperation.
THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER VOL. IX, NO. 4
Published four times per year, January, April, July, and October by the Cody Publications, Inc.,
Kissimmee, Florida for the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America
STATE OFFICERS, 1948-49
President...... ......... Donald Burch, Live Oak
Vice President................James Sims, Pahokee
2nd Vice Pres.dent..........Coy Creel, Allentown
3rd Vice President...Archie McKendree, Dade City
4th Vice President .............. J. D. Moore, Bell
5th Vice President............Joe Cantey, Havana
6th Vice President.... Aubrey Carruthers, Wildwood
State Adviser. ..........H. E. Wood, Tallahassee
NATIONAL F.F.A. OFFICERS, 1947-48
President... ........Ervin Martin, Salem, Indiana
1st Vice President..Wilbur R. Dunk, Segovia, Texas
2nd Vice President.. Osborne J. Arlien, Ruby, N. D.
3rd Vice President..........John Webb, Delaware
4th Vice President..Kort H. Meier, Jr., Yuma!, Ariz.
Student Sec'y..Eugene Hansen, East Garland, Utah
Treasurer.. .Dowell J. Howard, Richmond, Virginia
Nat'l Adviser..Dr. W. T. Spanton, Washington, D. C.
Executive Sec'y.... A. W. Tenny, Washington, D. C.
Southern Regional Adviser........D. M. Clements,
Washington, D. C.
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
In Lake Butler
KEITH GRIFFIS and Gerald Brannen who
are entering their second year's work in
the Lake Butler Chapter are gum farm-
ing 1,300 and 1,700 faces, respectively.
Both of these chapter members are very
enthusiastic about the results of their
efforts. During their first year, they
have paid for all equipment and have
received a small additional profit. Sev-
eral weeks of good weather will swell
Keith attended the 14th Annual For-
estry Training School at Camp O'Leno,
which he praises very highly. As a re-
sult of his training at this school, he
plans to bark chip and apply sulphuric
acid solution to increase the rate of gum
flow next season.
Fertilized pastures are recognized
as important in producing cheaper beef
or milk. Minerals applied thru fertilizer
aid materially toward a healthier animal
and the future calf crop.
NACO FERTILIZER with 5-STAR (minerals*)
were the original pasture fertilizers
and they are still the best
being offered in Florida.
*.inc, Iron, Manganese
JACKSONVILLE 1, FLORIDA
10,000 Copies of
The Florida Future Farmer
Were Published for This Issue
F. F. A.
Sterling Silver ... $ 3.00 $ 3.50
10K Gold........ 15.00 18.00
*Furnished in sizes only up to 91
Prices subject to 20% Federal Tax and any State Tax in effect.
PINS OR BUTTONS
Green Hand, bronze...................................... .25c, no Fed. Tax
Future Farmer Degree, silver plate...................... 28c, plus 20% Fed. Tax
BELTS BUCKLES TIE HOLDERS
Belt & Buckle, bronze or nickel finish.................... $2.25, no Federal Tax
Tie Holder, gold plate ............................$1.40, plus 20% Fed. Tax
All above prices subject to any State Tax in effect.
Write for Catalog
L. G. BALFOUR COMPANY
Official Jewelers for F.F.A.
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Florida to be Represented Among More
Than 15,000 Expected at National
Future Farmer Convention, Kansas City
A number of Florida's F.F.A. mem-
bers are eagerly looking forward to their
big trip to Kansas City. National F.F.A.
Executive Secretary, A. W. Tenney, re-
ports that "arrangements for the gigantic
Twentieth Anniversary Celebration Na-
tional Future Farmers of America Con-
vention in Kansas City, Mo., November
14-18, are shaping up and indications
are that the program will be one of the
best in FFA history.
"Attendance at the convention is ex-
pected to total somewhere between 15,-
000 and 20,000 persons. Despite a
change in dates away from conflict with
the American Royal Live Stock Show,
it still is expected that housing facilities
will be a big limiting factor in the at-
tendance, and many Future Farmers will
again be furnished sleeping quarters on
cots and blankets as has been done dur-
ing the past two annual conventions.
"A national FFA band of more than
100 pieces, and a 100-voice FFA glee
club, each made up of Future Farmers
from all sections of the United States,
will be featured at the convention.
"Three or four speakers of national
prominence will be scheduled to ad-
dress the Future Farmers during the con-
vention. The French Ambassador to the
United States, Henri Bonnet, already has
definitely accepted an invitation to speak.
"His address is planned for a Novem-
ber 17th program that also will feature
- wC -a .- .
Among the Floridians scheduled to attend the national convention in Kansas City
are these boys who received Leadership Awards presented by the Chilean Nitrate
Educational Bureau. Pictured (from left) are Cleo Hart, 7r., Mayo; Archie
McKendree, Dade City; Coy Creel, Allentown; Mr. J. F. Bazemore, Orlando (making
the presentation); Bill Norris, Jasper; Thomas Vick Core, Redland; and Bruce
an "Evangeline Pageant" presented by
the Louisiana State FFA Association and
portraying the story of the French set-
tlement in Louisiana.
"A 'Building of the Flag' pageant, in
which representatives of the various state
FFA associations will place stars on the
American Flag in the order their state
entered the national FFA organization,
will be a feature of the opening session
program on November 15."
"The five-day convention will see sev-
eral other outstanding entertainment
features, including General Motors' 'Pre-
views of Progress,' a stage show present-
ing new developments in science, and
other shows sponsored by commercial or-
"Another new feature is the elimina-
tion of the annual closing banquet, which
was limited to attendance by only a small
percentage of the FFA members at the
convention. In its place will be a 'Kan-
sas City Night' program, with entertain-
ment and special features furnished by
civic groups in Kansas City.
"The convention program opens on
Sunday evening' November 14, with a
concert by the National FFA band, fol-
lowed by the annual national FFA pub-
lic speaking contest. Ervin Martin, 21,
Salem, Ind., the FFA national president,
will preside over the convention sessions."
Florida's official delegates are Presi-
dent Donald Burch of Live Oak and im-
mediate Past-President Hal Davis of
Quincy. The alternate delegates are
Past-President Doyle Conner of Starke,
and 1st Vice-President James Sims of
Pahokee. The other five Vice-Presidents
of the State Association will also attend,
as will the winners of the Leadership
Awards given by the Chilean Nitrate of
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1943
National President Issues Call
To Members of the Future Farmers of America:
By the powers vested in me as National President of the Future Farmers
of America, I am issuing a call for all State and Insular Associations to send
delegates to a National Convention which will be held in the Municipal
Auditorium, Kansas City, Missouri, November 14 through 18, 1948.
All chartered State associations in good standing with the National
Organization are entitled to select and send two delegates and two alternate
delegates each from the active membership, and those candidates nominated
for the American Farmer Degree by the National Board of Trustees, also any
members who have reservations in Kansas City, and wish to attend the
As a National Organization we have accomplished many outstanding
things this past year and at this, our 2oth Anniversary Celebration, plans
will be made for the very important year ahead. Regular business will be
transacted and the part of the Future Farmers of America in this, the post-
war era, will be given special emphasis.
Route 4, Salem. Indiana
September 22, 1948
Soda Educational Bureau. These two
groups are represented by: Coy Creel,
Allentown; Archie McKendree, Dade
City; J. D. Moore of Bell; Joe Cantey,
Havana; Aubrey Carruthers, Wildwood;
Cleo Hart, Jr., Mayo; Bruce Smith,
Ocala; Thomas Vick Core, Redland; and
Star State Farmer Bill Norris of Jasper.
Florida has six candidates for the
American Farmer Degree, the full quota
allowed this state. They are Hankin
Matthews and Ingram L. Ward of the
Allentown Chapter; L. D. Anderson,
Ponce de Leon; Henry W. Reams, Mon-
ticello; Doyle E. Conner, Starke; and
Jessie David Elmore of Bradenton.
Others planning to attend include
Maurice Edwards of Starke, winner of
the Feeder Steer Contest sponsored by
the Florida Cattleman's Association;
Richard Howell from the Branford Chap-
ter, winner of the State Harmonica Con-
test, and selected by the delegates at the
State Convention to represent Florida at
the Annual Stunt Night.
Mr. D. A. Storms. County Supervisor
of Agricultural Education, and Mr. John
F. St. Martin, advisor of the Turkey
Creek Chapter, expect to take a delega-
tion of some of the leading F.F.A. mem-
bers of Hillsborough County.
The Clewiston Chapter F.F.A., with
the cooperation of the United States
Sugar Corporation, are preparing an
exhibit of Sugar Cane and its products
for Florida's contribution to the con-
High Scorer in
Lehman Fletcher of the Suwannee Chap-
ter at Live Oak was the high individual
at the recent Ocala Fat Hog Show and
Sale, with a score of 266 points. Donald
Turman of the Williams Memorial Chap-
ter of Live Oak scored 264.5 points, and
Kenneth Brown of Ocala scored 359
Using the Danish System of Awards,
the six high scoring chapters received
S2.82 per chapter, the next 15 chapters
won S1.89, and the last 5 received $0.95.
Scoring of chapters in order of their plac-
ing, is as follows: Ocala, 726; Mayo, 700;
Plant City, 666.5; Trenton, 664.5; An-
thony, 664; Bushnell, 653.5; Wildwood,
644.6; Zephyrhills, 642; Hawthorne, 636;
Brandon, 630; Leesburg, 625; Reddick,
623.9; Live Oak (Suwannee), 623.6 Live
Oak (J. F. Williams), 622.5; Ft. White,
617.5; Mason City, 609.2; Palatka, 609:
Waldo, 600.5; Brooksville, 594; Dade City,
581; Weirsdale, 577.7; Umatilla, 555.5;
Summerfield, 552.1; Wimauma, 533.1;
Lake City, 527.5; Pinecrest, 499.
Accomplishments of Florida
Association for 1947-1948
THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION, F.F.A., had, during the past year, 120 chartered
active local chapters with a total active membership of 5,618 boys. There
were 3,331 Greenhands, 2,190 Chapter Farmers, 92 active State Farmers and
5 active American Farmers. There are, in addition, 3,474 local Associate
members, and 353 Local and State Honorary members. For 1947-48, the
total membership, active, Associate and Honorary, was 9,444 persons. We
should attain a goal of over ten thousand during this year.
A summary of some of the accomplishments of these active members is
I. Supervised Farming
Average number of productive enterprises per member.
Average number of improvement projects per member..
Average number of supplementary farm practices per
m em ber ........................................
Average number of new farm skills per member........
Percent of members with balanced farm program ......
Percent of ownership of projects by members..........
Number of members using improved livestock practices.
Number of members using improved crop production
Number of chapters having project tours..............
Number of chapters participating in prevention of
livestock losses from diseases and injuries ............
Number of chapters participating in preservation and
conservation of food.................... ..........
Amount of food preserved............................
II. Cooperative Activities
Chapters Number of
Business Activities ............ 76 253
Buying Activities ............. 95 297
Selling Activities ............. 75 258
Productive Activities ......... 85 286
Service Activities ............. 98 349
Miscellaneous Activities ....... 84 335
III. Community Services
Percent of chapters sponsoring community services .....
Different activities sponsored by chapters ...............
Percent of chapters participating in improvement of
livestock ....................... ..... .......
Percent of chapters participating in. improving farm
hom es ..........................................
Percent of chapters participating in improvement of
health in rural areas........................
Percent of chapters participating in community
beautification ...................... ............
Percent of chapters putting on community displays......
Chapters repairing and reconditioning farm machinery
equipm ent ......................................
Members repairing and reconditioning farm machinery
Chapters repairing farm buildings ....................
Members repairing farm buildings. ...................
Chapters conserving resources. .......................
Members conserving resources .......................
Percent of chapters participating in farm safety
Percent of chapters establishing J. F. Williams, Jr.,
M em orial Forests ................................
Percent of chapters having F.F.A. banquets ...........
Percent of members participating in F.F.A. contests ....
Percent of qualified members receiving Chapter Farmer
D egree ..........................................
Percent of qualified members applying for State Farmer
Degree .. ............. .................. ....
(Continued on page 19)
7,301 lbs. lard
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Four Florida Association Vice Presidents Averaged
$1,652.03 Labor Income on Their Projects to Date
THE JULY ISSUE Of the FLORIDA FU-
TURE FARMER gave our readers some
information about the Officers who were
elected to serve our Florida Association
of the Future Farmers of America for
the year, 1948-49.
President Donald Burch of Live Oak
gave us an inspirational message. Under
the heading "Allentown F.F.A. Tells His
Program" on page 11 of the July issue,
Vice-President Coy Creel told us some-
thing of his work in agriculture. A sim-
ilar story is given on page 12 of the same
issue by Vice-President Joe Cantey, Jr.,
from the Havana Chapter. We are giv-
ing below articles by Vice-Presidents
James Sims of Pahokee, Archie McKen-
dree of Dade City, J. D. Moore of Bell,
and Aubrey Carruthers of Wildwood.
They averaged $1,652.03 Labor Income
to date in their project programs. You
might be interested to know how they
James Sims, Pahokee,
Produces in Everglades
The deep muck soils and climate of
the Florida Everglades have dictated my
projects. In the 8th grade I started with
75 Rhode Island Red chicks to be raised
for broilers. I was then attending school
Officers of the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America, for 1948-49 are shown
above as they appeared at Camp O'Leno. From left are Donald Burch, Live Oak,
president; 7ames Sims, Pahokee, first vice president; Coy Creel, Allentown, second
vice president; 7. D. Moore, Bell, fourth vice president; 7oe Cantey, Havana, fifth
vice president; Aubrey Carruthers, Wildwood, sixth vice president; and H. E. Wood,
Tallahassee, state adviser. Archie McKendree, third vice president, was absent when
the picture was made.
at Clewiston, on the southside of Lake
Okeechobee. The mosquitoes were then
such in the Everglades that a year round
flock of chickens could be kept only
with great difficulty. I, therefore, raised
my broilers during the winter months.
They were used principally in the home,
selling just enough to pay for the cost
State President Burch Reports
I HAVE ACCOMPLISHED MUCH in my Future Farmer Work
and Supervised Farming Activities since the close of our
Just as soon as I returned home from the Convention,
I harvested our tobacco and planted pasture for our beef
cattle and hogs. The opening of
school came before I completed all I
wanted to do, and athletic activities
further interrupted my plans. I did
manage to salvage several axes, plows
and other pieces of equipment that
were not being properly used and
stored. I poisoned rats that were
destroying our feed, and helped plant
80 acres of permanent pasture. I sold
a Hereford bull and bought two regis-
tered Duroc bred gilts, saving what
money was left from the bull's sale BURCH
for feed and equipment for my gilts.
With the opening of school, our chapter decided to
divide into two groups and have two chapters, one under
each Agriculture Teacher. We decided to name the new
chapter in memory of our late State Supervisor, Mr. J.
Franklin Williams, Jr. It will be known as the "Williams
In connection with my duties (and privileges) as
President of the State Association, Future Farmers of
America, I have filled two speaking engagements. I spoke
before the Second Week's Forestry Camp group and attend-
ed the Father-Son Banquet of the Pinecrest Chapter at
Plant City. I also attended the F.F.A. Activities at Ocala
during the Fat Hog Show and Sale.
As many others of you have done, I started my voca-
tional work with enterprises that belonged principally to
my father. I owe much to the foundation I am receiving
in my Vocational Agricultural Studies and F.F.A. Activities.
Today I own my livestock projects and have an agreement
with my father for a definite amount of feed crops.
Through project ownership I have established a foundation
for my own farm in the years ahead. Today I own four
beef cows and two bred gilts. This is my start. With the
training I am receiving, I will be better prepared to make
a successful career in stock farming.
Next month we go to Kansas City for the Annual F.F.A.
Convention. Having the largest delegation in our history,
we should also strive to make our accomplishments the
most outstanding in the history of our Association. I
should like to extend my hearty congratulations and best
wishes to the Florida Candidates for American Farmer
Degrees; to the boys selected to perform with the band and
glee club; and to all other contestants and participants at
our Twentieth Annual National Convention.
The present would be a good point for the beginning
of co-operative activity this year in our Florida Future
Farmer Program. Let's put our shoulders and hopes
together in working toward this goal. I am looking
forward to the opportunity of working with all of you
during the coming year.
I The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
I also carried a hog project in the 8th
grade which consisted of 2 Black Guinea
shotes. Using a system peculiar to this
area, I raised these pigs in a small en-
closure on a canal bank, feeding the
pigs on slop from the U. S. Sugar Cor-
poration mess hall, and, on some of the
now famous Big Joe variety of corn. I
butchered one hog for home use, and I
sold the other one for $50.00.
I started Agriculture I at Clewiston
under Mr. M. H. Sharpe. As few boys
have a project in the Everglades without
planting beans, I had a half an acre of
beans, and hit a good market. My first
picking yielded 75 bushels of beans that
sold for $6.95 a bushel. The second
picking gave me 50 bushels that sold on
a falling market for $3.00. Following
the practices of the big growers in the
Lake area, I hired imported Jamaican
labor to pick at $1.00 a hamper.
In the middle of my freshman year,
I moved from Clewiston to Pahokee on
the east side of the big lake. I again
planted Blank Valentine bush beans,
grossing approximately $100.00 from the
In my last two years of agriculture at
Pahokee, I have carried meat hogs, beans,
and peas for my projects. Four Duroc
shotes again fed on mess hall slop brought
me almost $200.00 clear profit even
though one animal died, after reaching
a weight of at least 200 pounds.
My one acre project of beans suffered
the all too common hazards of the area.
One planting was drowned out, one
planting was frozen out, but the third
planting in a period of about 90 days
yielded enough beans for me to clear a
My one acre pea project grew beauti-
fully on the muck but hot weather in
May caused the peas to yellow. A falling
market made it unprofitable to pick
many of the peas and this project re-
sulted in a $10.00 loss.
As I look back over my project rec,
ord, I review pleasant experiences that
few students have had. I have studied
in two schools and under three teachers,
M. H. Sharpe, W. M. DuBose, and R.
I have had experience with poultry,
hogs and truck crops. I have earned
$631.67 Labor Income, and have enjoyed
and profited by my many contacts with
Future Farmers and their friends.
Archie McKendree, Dade
City, Raises Poultry
I began my work in the F.F.A. when
I started agriculture at Pasco High School
In my first year, I had for my projects
500 fryers, a tobacco seed bed, a sweet
potato hotbed and a citrus seed bed. I
(Continued on page 17)
Six females and a calf from the Heart Bar herd.
This type of female with the help of good bulls are the reason why
cattle from Heart Bar's registered Brahman herd stay healthy and
produce what we consider outstanding offspring. Conditions at Heart-
Bar Ranch are perhaps typical of those found throughout the South-
east. We have adequate water and good grass during all but a few
winter months. If you are interested in cattle that will do as well for
you as they will do for us, contact us at Kissimmee. Visitors are
We're accepting orders now for 1948 reg-
istered bull calves for delivery this fall.
Henry 0. Partin & Sons
Protect Your Future!
Q //qo dbo/d
U. S. SECURITY BONDS
Ask Your Bank About the
New Bond-a-Month Plan!
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Officers of Florida FFA 1929-1948
Mr. J. F. Williams, Jr., of Tallahassee
served as State Advisor from 1929 until
his death in 1946. Mr. H. E. Wood has
performed the duties as State Advisor
since that time.
President.................. Gray Miley, Plant City
Vice Pres................... Maxey Walker, Aucilla
Secretary ............. Willam L. Deu;el, Montverde
Treasurer .................Reuben Reams, Aucilla
Reporter.............Marshall Watkins, Plant City
President................ Woodrow Osteen, Aucilla
Vice Pres..................... Joel Keen, St. Cloud
Secretary.................Edwin Booth, Plant City
Treasurer. ............... Douglas Walker, Aucilla
Reporter ..............Lee Hartman, Lemon City
President.................. Norton Wilkins, Apopka
Vice Pres.................Brooks Taylor, Gonzalez
Secretary.................. Austin Martin, Trenton
Treasurer ................Julian Clark, Greensboro
Reporter....................Ray Benson, Redlands
President ................. Ercelle Polk, Trenton
Vice Pres............... David Van Ness, Sanford
Secretary................ Emerson Bishop, Aucilla
Treasurer ..............Charles Glenn, HomeStead
Reporter. ....................J.W. Dobson, Jay
President..............Jacques Waller, Plant City
Vice Pres................. Ralph Thomas, LaOrosse
Secretary .................. John Senkarik, Sanford
Treasurer ................Alton Home, Homestead
Reporter..................B. F. Lanier, Aucilla
President................. E. D. Taylor, Sanford
Vice Pres ........ ...... J. D. Barwick, Sopchoppy
Secretary ........... .Alvin Simmons, Homestead
Treasurer. ......... lamie Clemens, Wauchula
Reporter.............Coleman Roberts, Chiefland
President. .................. Lester Poucher, Largo
Vice Pres............... W. E. Moore, Jr., Baker
Secretary...........Thomas Perunovitch, Gonzalez
Treasurer.............. Frank Beach, Jr., Trenton
Reporter ............... Douglas McLeod, Aucilla
President ............. Myron Grennell, Homestead
Vice Pres...... ................ Oscar Watson, Jay
Secretary.................... Charles Nowlin, Tate
Treasurer ................ Marion Bishop, Aucilla
Reporter....... .... John R. Jones, Jr., Seminole
President ................. Earl Faircloth, Chiefland
Vice Pres ................ Eli Reed, Jr., Trenton
Secretary. .... .............Warren Wood, Redlands
Treasurer.................... Dan Stone, Gonzalez
Reporter.................... Jim McClung, Aucilla
President. .................... Billy Johnson, Tate
First V. Pres................ Griffin Bishop, Aucilla
Second V. Pres...........J. Wayne Poucher, Largo
Third V. Pres...George Hendery, Athenia (Deland)
Fourth V. Pres.........W. C. Garrett, Laurel Hill
Fifth V. Pres............... John Folks, Williston
Sixth V. Pres ................ Albert Crosby, Dover
President ............... Earl Haynsworth, Alachua
First V. Pres.............. Benny Driggers, Apopka
Second V. Pres.............. Billy Jones, Ft. Meade
Third V. Pres.............. Dan Beardsley, Pahokee
Fourth V. Pres..........E. A. Branton, Jr., Altha
Fifth V. Pres............. Hollis Rigby, Walnut Hill
Sixth V. Pres...........Robert McDaniel, Lake City
President................. I. D. Pittman, Marianna
First V. Pres........0. M. Lawrence, Jr., Wauchula
Second V. Pres............Louis Larson, Jr., Dania
Third V. Pres.............I. L. Bishop, Jr., Aucilla
Fourth V. Pres ................ Claude Lee, Baker
Fifth V. Pres..Donald Cason, Lake City (Columbia)
Sixth V. Pres.............Lawrence Owens, Deland
President.................. ... Claude Jones, Pahokee
First V. Pres................ Leabert Smith, Leonia
Second V. Pres.....Edgar Leo Johnson, Hawthorne
Third V. Pres.....Oliver F. McKeown, Mt. Pleasant
Fourth V. Pres............Bill Steve Roberts, Deland
Fifth V. Pres.... .........Maxwell Railey, Vernon
Sixth V. Pres............... Jack McMullen, Largo
President.............Frank Henry Reams, Aucilla
First V. Pres........... Ralph Beauchamp, Trenton
Second V. Pres.........Grant Godwin, Walnut Hill
Third V. Pres.....W. Vincent Stephens, Wauchula
Fourth V. Pres............... Charles Howes, Ocala
Fifth V. Pres......Wallace J. Mitchell, Greenwood
Sixth V. Pres...........Ralph Bishop, Belle Glade
President................Donald Adams, Chiefland
First V. Pres.. Wiley Eli McCall, Jr., Bradenton
Second V. Pres.. ........ Harrell Floyd, Monticello
Third V. Pres... Vernon Abshier, Jr., Summerfield
Fourth V. Pres............... Scott Lee, Belle Glade
Fifth V. Pres.... Hal Vanlandingham, Greensboro
Sixth V. Pres...........Fred Marion Young, Ocala
President..................Howard Rogers, Bonifay
First V. Pres................... Frank Smith, Largo
Second V. Pres...... G. Lastinger, Jr., Pinecrest
Third V. Pres............. Frank Handley, Pahokee
Fourth V. Pres...Melvin Moody, Jr., Miami-Edison
Fifth V. Pres............... Joe Treadwell, Aucilla
Sixth V. Pres.....Vernon Culberhouse, Jr., Malone
President................... Sandy Johnson, Quincy
First V. Pres.... ......E. B. Bradley, Grand Ridge
Second V. Pres.....R. E. McCleery, Jr., Hernando
Third V. Pres....... Gerald Sutton, Ponce de Leon
Fourth V. Pres...........Louis Driggers, Palmetto
Fifth V. Pres...... Ward Harrison, Jr., Belle Glade
Sixth V. Pres.........Bobby McLucas, Summerfield
President....... Doyle Connor, Bradford (Starke)
First V. Pres... ............ Forrest Davis, Quincv
Second V. Pres.............. Lynn Ward, Chiefland
Third V. Press. .............. Burton Raley, Vernon
Fourth V. Pres.........Floyd Philmon, Dade City
Fifth V. Pres.....James Thompson, Ft. Lauderdale
Sixth V. Pres.... ..Doyle Crews, Bradford (Starke)
President....... ............... Hal Davis, Quincy
First V. Pres.... .Gwenn McCormick, Summerfield
Second V. Pres........... William Moore, Pompano
Third V. Pres........ Maurice Edwards, Bradford
Fourth V. Pres.. ............ Foye Brunson, Paxton
Fifth V. Pres.............. Gene Coleman, Sarasota
Sixth V: Pres... .....Travis Bradley, Grand Ridge
President................Donald Burch, Live Oak
First V. Pres. .............. .James Sims, Pahokee
Second V. Pres................Coy Creel, Allentown
Third V. Pres......Archie McKendree, Dade City
Fourth V. Pres................. J. D. Moore, Bell
Fifth V. Pres..................Joe Cantey, Havana
Sixth V. Pres.........Aubrey Carruthers, Wildwood
Weirsdale judging team which represent-
ed Florida at the National Dairy Congress
competition in October and came home
with a silver emblem award, included
(front) Jack Webb, Keith Baxley and
Larry Griggs. Rear row shows G. L.
Holder, Advisor of the chapter, and
George Albright, alternate. Griggs won
a gold award in judging dairy cattle.
Weirsdale Team in
THE WEIRSDALE livestock judging team
participated in a National Judging Con-
test in Waterloo, Iowa, where they com-
peted with thirty-two F.F.A. teams. These
boys judged dairy cattle, dairy products,
The Weirsdale team consisted of Larry
Griggs, Keith Baxley, Jack Webb, and
George Albright as alternate, and were
accompanied to Waterloo by the Advisor
of the Chapter, Mr. G. L. Holder.
The Florida team placed in the silver
emblem group in judging dairy products:
the bronze emblem group in judging
dairy cattle; and honorable mention in
judging poultry. Larry Griggs placed in
the gold emblem group.
In each of the contests, the winning
Chapters were grouped, with the highest
rating group placed in the gold emblem
group; the second in the silver emblem
group; the third in the bronze medal; the
fourth placed in honorable mention; and
the fifth highest rating group placed in
the participation class.
The Weirsdale boys made a favorable
record for the state in this contest, by
placing in gold emblem group as high
individual; silver emblem as a team on
judging dairy products; bronze emblem
in judging cattle; and honorable mention
in judging poultry.
HAL DAVIS, Quincy, immediate past presi-
dent of the Florida Association, Future
Farmers of America, was elected president
of the freshman class at the University of
Florida in Gainesville during the recent
fall class elections.
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Past Presidents' Column
In this National Convention issue we are presenting some articles from several of
the early presidents of our Florida Association Future Farmers of America. We hope
that this "Column" may continue, so that we may be better acquainted with some of
the men who have been leaders in working out the plans, problems, activities, and
accomplishments of our State Association during its early years.
D. Gray Miley First
Dr. D. Gray Miley, now Superintendent
of the Delta Branch Experiment Station,
Stoneville, Mississippi, has done a great
deal for Future Farmers, Agriculture,
and Education; and we are happy to
be able to give you his message to Fu-
"In 1928, when I was a freshman in
high school at Plant City, Florida, our
agricultural teachers, Mr. Peacock and
Mr. Smith, called us together and told
us about a new organization of farm
boys. They were quite enthusiastic
about the new organization and its
prospects, and most of us soon learned
the reason for their enthusiasm. These
teachers told us about the plans to or-
ganize chapters of farm boys to be known
as Future Farmers of Florida and of
how these were to be affiliated with a
national organization to be known as
the Future Farmers of America.
"Those of us who were in school at
that time became charter members of
the Plant City Chapter of the Future
Farmers of America. During the next
3 years, it was my privilege to serve as
an officer in the local chapter, the State
association, and the national organiza-
tion of the Future Farmers of America.
These experiences were some of the most
valuable that I have ever had, and I owe
this organization a debt of gratitude for
the great part it has played in the small
success that I have attained. I did not
become a farmer, but I have given all of
my time to research, teaching, and ex-
tension work that has been designed to
aid farm people.
"The Future Farmers of America have
made outstanding progress during the
past 20 years. I am sure this progress
will continue during the coming years."
Jacques Waller Headed
Association in 1933
Mr. Jacques D. Waller is now teach-
ing Veterans in the Wimauma area of
Hillsborough County. An interesting ac-
count of some of the activities of his
class members is given on another page
of this issue.
Since starting work with the Agricul-
tural Adjustment Administration in
July of 1936, Mr.
Waller has h ad
many varied expe-
riences. He has
worked in twenty-
eight Florida coun-
ties, thereby becom-
ing well acquainted
with many phases of
He has served ap-
WALLER proximately one year
in the armed services of our country.
He has developed and sold rather sub-
stantial farming interests and now owns
a 10 acre farm in the Turkey Creek
community near Plant City where he is
constructing a home. Mr. Waller is mar-
ried and has three children, all of school
Jacques D. Waller recently wrote with
regard to the F.F.A., "There are many
hazards in farming that must be faced.
This is where a person "proves his
metal" and proves his ability as a farm-
er. If he weathers the storm, his re-
ward is the most gracious way of life
on this earth.
"How can this confidence and courage
be instilled in the young men of the
farms? The answer is-The Future
Farmers of America! A member be-
comes interested in agriculture from a
practical standpoint. Almost before he
realizes it, his supervised farming pro-
gram is paying a profit. He is making
money, money that belongs to him. This
develops confidence and courage. He
deposits money in the bank. This gives
him a new sense of security, He be-
comes proficient in hundreds of opera-
tional skills that are so necessary to suc-
cessful farming. He becomes experi-
enced in making managerial decisions
and develops the confidence and courage
to back them up, once they have been
There is a great deal in these ideas
that Mr. Waller presents!
E. D. Tyler Elected
President in 1934
I shall never forget my term of office
as President of the Florida Association,
F.F.A., and my association with the other
(Continued on page 19)
are always welcome
TOM ROLAND, President
Federal Deposit Insurance
The Florida Futire Farmer for October, 1948
for a good show
for your support
of our Tenth Annual
Fat Hog Sale
Brahman Show Jan. 25-28
Hereford Show Feb. 17-18
Fat Stock Show March 14
Spring Horse Show. .April
Show & Sale
I N C O R P O R A T E D
'Soil-Our Only Hope' is Title
Of Polhill's Winning Speech
By G. W. POLHILL
TODAY America is faced with a serious
problem, one which is bordering on the
possibility of disrupting our social, fi--
nancial, and political power as a nation.
This problem is so serious that even our
freedom and Democratic way of living is
constantly in danger
Ik of being destroyed
by Communis m.
The problem I
speak of is "Soil Ero-
sion." We must real-
ize the importance
of our soil, not only
to our safety and
strength as a nation,
but to all humanity,
both in our diets
and living standards. We should have
some eighteen different minerals that our
bodies need in varying proportions, and
these must be had from food, which in
turn, we must get from the soil. When
the soil is deficient, our bodies are defi-
cient, and to that extent, less resistant to
the inroads of all manner of diseases.
From our soil many vital mineral ele-
ments are being taken rapidly, more so
today than in years gone by. America is
straining to produce from her land every
possible food product. At her doors lie
millions of starving people to be fed,
and many homeless, after a disastrous
war, both to humanity and the soil of
In an attempt to meet this conflict, the
American farmer has over-worked, and
used many wasteful practices in regard
to his soil. He has plowed steep hillsides
up and down, overburdened pastures and
ranges with huge herds of livestock, ig-
nored crop rotation, exposed grasslands to
the force of the wind, and has slashed
away his forests.
Over three-fourths of our forests have
been ruthlessly destroyed, thus leaving
the land bare by wind and rain. Our
forests tend to help conserve the soil
in many ways. The body of the tree
serves as a windbreak, checking the vel-
ocity of the wind, which carries off not
less than a million and a half tons of
fertile soil each year as dust particles.
The roots and litter on the forest floor
act as water storage tanks, absorbing the
water and preventing it from running
off, carrying with it America's Blood, the
seven to eight inches of topsoil.
Why don't we protect our soil? Be-
cause we, as American farmers, do not
know and believe that our soil is erod-
We aften ask the questions, "How can
our soil erode?" and "What difference
does it make if it does, since there's soil
all the way to China?" Yes, my friends,
there's soil all the way to China, but
there isn't seven inches of this soil that
is of any use to farmers, soil that will
grow crops, and soil that will keep Amer-
ica a leader of nations.
The United States has often been re-
fered to as "A nation of many resources,"
but there has been no other country in
which man has carried on so much de-
strucion in such a short time as in this
country. Nowhere has so much fertile
soil been allowed to wash away in so
short a time as in the United States.
Half of all our cultivated area has either
been totally ruined or partially depleted
by erosion, thus leaving only about one
billion acres to supply the needs of the
people of America.
Farm tenancy is another weapon of
this soil-destroying monster. It is created
by insecurtiy, and prevents tenants from
taking an interest in soil conservation,
thus leading them to skim off the top-
soil in an attempt to get as much as
possible out of their land in the shortest
time. This disregard of the land leads
to Rural Poverty, and poverty, lack of
education, ignorance, and hopelessness,
have bred a disregard for the land, our
basic natural resource. It is no accident
that our greatest rural poverty is found
in regions where destruction of the soil
(Continued on page 18)
Bill Norris Tells About His
Vocational Agriculture Program
By BILL NORRIS "-
I BEGAN TAKING vocational agriculture in 1944 and chose
for my enterprise five acres of corn and one acre of
tobacco. When these two crops were harvested and
sold, I had a labor income of $223.00.
Since flue cured tobacco is the main cash crop of
this locality, I planned a long time supervised farming
program to fit in with this enterprise. In 1945, I
maintained the same acreage of corn and tobacco and S
added five acres of peanuts, two and a half acres of
truck which consisted of squash and cucumbers. I was
kept busy with these enterprises along with my improve-
ment projects which consisted of the construction of a
new tobacco barn, painting of our farm home, and
helping my father with his livestock. That year I had
a labor income of $470.90. I had used the money I
made on my first year's project to finance the second
In the fall of 1945, I was elected reporter for the
local Jasper Chapter and advanced to Chapter Farmer
Degree. It was then that I became interested in
diamond ball, parliamentary procedure and quartet
contests. Our chapter was small and had few money
raising possibilities. We did manage, however, to have NOR
a Father-and-Son Banquet of which I
was toastmaster. In 1946, I undertook the
My third year of supervised farming in twelve acres of land whicl
1946 required more expansion. That year turned over to me. This wa
I planted one acre of sugar cane, five when completed, made culti
acres of corn, nine acres of peanuts, and easier and improved the ap
one acre of sweet potatoes, but was un- the field.
able to plant more than one acre of Until that year, our home
tobacco due to government control. I something which we though
also added one brood sow, one gilt, one minor, and if we didn't hav
barrow and two steers. I had first it didn't matter very much.
planned to hog off the peanuts by fatten- however, Mr. Young who
ing some of the hogs that my brother agriculture teacher, helped n
and I owned; however, that fall, the part of my program a home
price of peanuts was such that my agri- continuous seasonal planting
culture teacher advised me to dig them thing pleased my mother mo
for market. This I did, and sold several thing I had done before. Ur
of my pigs as feeders, fattening three on we had planted a row of on
corn, for market, side of a field, and then toma
is a job, but
t of as only
e one at all,
vas my new
ie plan as a
s. This one
re than any-
Stil this time,
ions on one
toes or some
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
other vegetable somewhere else where
there was a short row or weedy patch.
However, my planned garden was all
located in one place rather convenient to
the house. My mother really enjoyed the
garden that year.
During 1946, my total labor income
amounted to $1,239.37 which gave me a
feeling of confidence. I planned to
finance the next year's operation and buy
new farm equipment with this money.
I was elected President of the Future
Farmer Chapter in the fall of 1946.
Our chapter activities improved and the
members seemed to be more interested
in planning chapter work, and in contest
participation. This was the first year in
our chapter history that the Father-and-
Son Banquet was entirely paid out of
chapter funds. The improved interest
on the part of members may have been
due partly to the ease of chapter
financing. We assisted in securing a land
laboratory plot where we started a pure
bred Hampshire hog project with three
gilts. As President of the Chapter, I felt
very proud of the work we had done.
As my father and I planned our 1947
crop, I began to urge the purchase of a
tractor. My brother owned the farm
next to us, and by bringing him into
the deal, we purchased a John Deere
tractor in January of 1947.
This was to be my fourth year in
vocational agriculture and spring truck
crops was one of my big interests. I had
twenty acres of corn of which three acres
was sweet corn. fifteen head of hogs, ten
acres of peanuts, three acres of sweet
potatoes, and three acres of tobacco.
This was an increase for each of my
previous enterprises. With the tractor,
however, more and faster operations were
possible. This was my senior year in
high school and my father gave me a
partnership in the home farm. From
my point of view, this seemed to be the
climax of achievement, but there was
more to come which I had not dreamed
of at that time. As the end of the 1947-
48 school year began to draw near, Mr.
Young, my agriculture teacher, urged me
to apply for the State Farmer Degree.
So in late May I applied for the degree
and planned to attend the State Future
Farmer Convention at Gainesville. I had
a great surprise when I learned I had
won the Star State Farmer Award and a
trip to Kansas City to the National
Future Farmer Convention.
I feel that I have accomplished a great
deal in my four years of vocational agri-
culture. I have become permanently
established in farming and have had a
total labor income of S1,933.27 with
assets totaling $2,395.00. A great deal
of credit is due my parents and the fine
men who have helped guide me, and
prepared me for a useful life as a farmer
and as a citizen.
Trenton Chapter Made Contribution
To Development of FFA in Florida
THE TRENTON CHAPTER, Future Farmers
of America, received its charter in the
Florida Association, Future Farmers of
America, in 1929. The Department has
had many teachers since the chapter was
first chartered. Mr. Harry E. Wood.
State Supervisor of Vocational Agricul-
ture Education, was judged the master
teacher of the State, 1925-27, while teach-
ing vocational agriculture at Trenton.
The early teachers of Vocational Ag-
riculture in the Trenton Department
made a lasting contribution to the com-
munity. Some of the most outstanding
leaders of the community were former
students of Vocational Agriculture. The
following are but a few of the leaders
mentioned above: Horace F. Arrington,
co-owner of the Trenton Hardware Co.,
and operator of an 800 acre farm; Jim
Coleman, business man and owner of a
2,000 acre ranch and farm; Merle Wil-
liams, successful farmer and an out-
standing leader in civic affairs; Murray
Read, owner of a 200 acre farm; Eli
Read, an "American Farmer," now Vet-
erans Teacher, On-the-Farm Training,
and owner of a 360 acre farm; H. L.
Fagan, Philip Browning, and Rankin
Cox, all Vocational Agriculture Teach-
ers; and Ralph Beauchamp, at present
time Veterinarian in Gainesville. There
are many more former students who took
Vocational Agriculture that are farming
either in this county or in other sections
of the State.
The above named men give much
credit to the Future Farmers of America
for the progress that they have made.
The Trenton Chapter has received co-
operation from the former Vocational
Agriculture students in helping us carry
out our program of work. We have re-
ceived valuable assistance from Mr. E.
P. Turner, County School Superinten-
dent, and members of the County School
Board. Mr. R. R. Beauchamp, member
of the School Board, and the father of
the previously mentioned Ralph Beau-
champ, is 100 per cent in his support of
our program because he has seen the
great things that it has done for Ralph.
The Trenton Chapter has been rep-
resented among the officers of our State
Association F.F.A. as indicated below:
Austin Martin, Secretary 1931-32, is
at the present time operating a
200 acre farm in Gilchrist County.
Ercelle Polk, President 1932-33, is
also engaged in farming.
Frank Beach, Jr., Treasurer 1935-36,
is operating a 500 acre seed and
Eli Read, Jr., Vice-President 1937,38,
is operating a farm, and teaching
a veterans' class.
Herbert E. Brown, adviser of the Trenton
chapter, is shown at left with Rowland
Brownlee, president of Florida's prize-
winning chapter. (This picture and the
one on page 12 were furnished through
courtesy of The Progressive Farmer)
Ralph Beauchamp, First Vice-Presi-
dent 1942-43, is a Veterinarian in
On the first of September, 1946, the
present Vocational Agriculture Teacher,
Herbert E. Brown, met with the older
students of the Trenton Chapter and
worked out a five-year development pro-
gram for the Chapter. The older mem-
bers met as a committee as soon as school
opened in September, 1946, to make out
their annual program of work for the
Chapter Activities. This committee made
its report at a regular chapter meeting
and each item in the program was dis-
cussed thoroughly and voted upon. The
activities carried out on that program
won for our chapter the second place
in the District in 1946-47.
The same procedure was used in Sep-
tember, 1947. A permanent program of
work committee was appointed to see
that all items listed in the program were
accomplished. This committee made a
large chart of the chapter's program of
activities, and placed it in the chapter
room where all members could see it
and note the progress made toward ac-
complishment. This was wise, in that
this chart also proved its worth in mak-
ing out the accomplishment report at the
end of the year.
The executive committee of the Chap-
ter worked faithfully throughout the
year. They held meetings twice each
month, at which time current problems
were discussed and possible solutions
were agreed upon and brought before
the chapter membership at regular meet-
The Entertainment, Program and
Initiation Committees did a good job
throughout the year. Regular programs
were planned in advance for each chap-
ter meeting. Some form of entertain-
ment was provided at almost every meet-
ing. The Initiation Committee organ-
(Continued on page 16)
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Wayne Haynes 'Tells All' in His Diary:
Forestry Contest Winners Given Inspiration
And Instruction During Outing at Camp O'Leno
One hundred and sixteen Forestry Con-
test Winners from 92 F.F.A. Chapters in
Florida recently received awards of one
or two weeks stay at the Future Farmer
State Forestry Camp at O'Leno. Under
the capable direction of Mr. William S.
Chambers, Jr., Chief, Public Relations
Division of the Future Forest Service, ably
assisted by Mr. Carl F. McDougald and
others of the Forestry Service and Camp
Staff, these boys were given a wide variety
of experience and instruction in forestry
work. They now know how to better
care for their home farm forest lands,
and better understand the problems and
needs of forest conservation all over the
The Future Farmers sincerely appreci-
ate the cooperation of the Florida Forest
Service, and the financial aid of the fol-
lowing sponsors of the Camp:
Florida Members of Southern Pulp-
wood Conservation Association: Contain-
er Corporation of America, Fernandina;
Florida Pulp and Paper Company, Pensa-
cola; National Container Corporation,
Jacksonville; Rayonier, Inc., Fernandina;
St. Joe Paper Company, Port St. Joe, Fla.;
Southern Kraft Division of International
Paper Co., Panama City; Hudson Pulp &8
Paper Co., Palatka;
American Turpentine Farmers Associa-
tion, Valdosta, Ga.;
Florida Members of Southern Pine As-
sociation: Alger-Sullivan Lumber Co.,
Century; Brooks-Scanlon, Inc., Foley;
Peavy-Wilson Lumber Co., Inc., Holo-
paw; Perpetual Forest, Inc., Shamrock;
St. Joe Lumber & Export Co., Port St.
The boys had plenty of good food and
recreation, and companionship; in short,
a wonderful summer camp experience.
One of the members of the Palatka
Chapter, F.F.A., Wayne Haines, was in
camp both weeks. Wayne says, "I was
nominated and elected to represent the
Palatka Chapter at Camp O'Leno during
the F.F.A. Forestry Training Camp,
August 1st to 14th, 1948. I felt it an
honor and indeed a privilege." There
is given below Wayne's "diary" account
of these two weeks.
Sunday, August 1, 1948
Arrived in Lake City by bus at 9:45
a.m. Several other boys were at the
station waiting for the car to take them
to the camp. Among the fellows was
Noah Griffin, Jr., who was to become
one of my best friends.
At camp, we registered and received our
cabin assignments. Spent the rest of the
State Adviser H. E. Wood addresses Future Farmers attending the Forestry Training
Camp banquet at Camp O'Leno. Also pictured (from left) are Hon. Tom Bailey,
state superintendent (elect) of public instruction; C. H. Coulter, state forester,
Florida Forest Service; and (at right) G. C. Norman, State Veterans' Supervisor,
day seeing the camp, and getting ac-
quainted with the staff and other fellows.
The daily schedule that we were to
follow for tie next two weeks is:
The camp was divided into three
Cabins 1- 5 Pine Forest
Cabins 6-10 Cypress Forest
Cabins 11-14 Hardwood Forest
Was assigned to Cabin No. 5 in the
Pine Forest Group.
Monday, August 2
Pine For.tst had a class in tree identifi-
cation under Mr. Sykes. The class was
both interesting and educational. Re-
ceived the nickname of "Genius" at this
first class. Had a swim in the Santa Fe
River, which is beautiful as well as swift
and cold. Ate a hearty lunch consisting
of two vegetables, bread, butter and tea.
In the afternoon, had class in the use
of forestry tools under Mr. Todd. This
class also proved to be interesting.
Met Billy Acree from Belle Glade
whom I nicknamed "Stupid." We be-
came the best of friends!
For entertainment in the evening, we
saw a moving picture of the 1947 Class
of Camp O'Leno. I was chosen leader
of Cabin No. 5.
Tuesday, August 3
Had big breakfast of eggs, grits, milk,
toast with butter and jelly. Received in-
structions in Nursery Practice from Mr.
Green and Mr. Frierson. Made a seed
bed and planted pine seed.
The afternoon instructions were on
gum farming and tropical forestry by
Mr. Titus and Mr. Kreher. The use of
acid was stressed in gum farming. After
supper, we had a close game of soft ball
which we lost.
Wednesday, August 4
This was our big day! After camp
clean-up, we all loaded up and went
to Lake City for an all day trip. In
Lake City we first went to the Tobacco
Auction which was in full swing and
very interesting. Next was a visit to a
Pole Mill-where the bark and knots
were taken off the trees, making the
highest priced timber.
Our next stop was a machine shop
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
where post peelers were made and sold.
At 11:30, we went to an indoor swim-
ming pool where we all went swimming
and had lunch.
The first stop after lunch was the Pro-
cessing Plant where the raw gum is dis-
tilled for the production of turpentine
and rosin. Each of us received a small
bottle of Spirits of Turpentine. Learn-
ed a lot here.
Last stop was at the district forest
ranger's headquarters. Saw radio set
which the rangers use to report forest
fires; also learned how such rangers lo-
cate a fire, after it had been reported.
Finally, we were shown the fire fighting
equipment. Had a wonderful evening
meal with ice cream, a close game of
volley ball; and, for entertainment, a
group of girls from High Springs led us
in popular songs.
A perfect day!
Thursday, August 5
Morning class in Forest Protection was
under the instruction of Mr. Molphus
and Mr. Todd. The afternoon class was
Timber Management with Mr. Turner
and Mr. Todd. For entertainment, we
had a hillbilly band from Lake City.
That night Donald D. Huffmaster and I
were elected from Cabin No. 5 as can-
didates for the outstanding camper's
Friday, August 6
After a short stop at the canteen, Mr.
West and Mr. Sykes gave us instruction in
Forest Farming which was very interest-
ing and educational to all F.F.A. boys.
With a hearty lunch under our belts
and a few letters from home, we began
our last class of the first week. Mr. Schuck
and Mr. Montgomery, two very capable
men, gave us instructions in Law Enforce-
ment. Class dealt with protecting proper-
ty from fire set by other people. After
a swim in the Sante Fe, we voted on the
seven outstanding campers.
Had a wonderful banquet this evening.
Everyone enjoyed himself, and the food
was great. We had roast turkey and dress-
ing, green peas, creamed potatoes, hot
rolls, iced tea, butter, olives, celery, salt-
ed nuts, fruit cocktail topped off with ice
cream and cake.
Many outstanding men interested in
F.F.A. and in Forestry were present.
After a short address from Mr. C. H. Coul-
ter, State Forester, who thanked all the
sponsors financing the camp, the seven
Outstanding Campers were announced.
They are W. D. Arnette, Brewton; Bill
Acree, Belle Glade; Gordon Dole, Ft.
Green; Bobby Suhuch, Bartow; J. W.
Smith, Jr., Williston; Donald Turman,
Live Oak, and Wayne Haines, Palatka.
These boys received sturdy pocket knives
Saturday, August 7
Some of the fellows came to stay only
one week and had to go, so we said "good-
by" and sent them on their way.
Nothing to do now except please our-
selves. A few of us started taking life-
saving which was work, fun and educa-
tion combined. That night we saw a
western picture and called it the end of
a perfect week.
Sunday, August 8
Had Sunday School and later played a
bang-up game of soft ball against the
staff. (They beat us!)
Had life-saving the rest of the week.
Sunday night, Tobby Dowda and his
High Pointers entertained us.
The second week daily schedule was
the same as the first. Classes started at
8:30 Monday morning.
Monday, August 9
Had class in gum farming. In the sur-
rounding woods we took turns chipping
tree "faces" and applying the acid. An
appealing lunch was served; then we had
an advanced course in the use of Forestry
tools. Went out into the woods and took
several compass readings. Found the age
of various trees, and measured several
trees using all the tools the foresters use.
For entertainment that night, a thirty-
piece band from Lake City played for us.
Tuesday, August 10
All day,Tuesday, we had a class in
marking, cruising, and estimating. The
staff had 25 marked trees for us to cruise.
Selected the trees that needed to be cut,
and marked them. Then determined
whether to sell them for pulp wood or
saw timber. With the aid of a scale, stick,
we measured the trees to find the num
ber of board feet of lumber it would cut,
or, determine the units of pulp wood.
This was quite a job, but we all enjoyed
it and learned much from it.
Wednesday, August 11
Our class for the day was logging and
milling. Found a tree that needed to be
cut, cut it down and sawed it into logs,
then took them to the mill. We estimat-
ed the amount of lumber. By Doyle scale,
the log should cut 62 board feet; by tree-
scale stick, the log should cut out 102
board feet. When we cut the tree, we
found it had 132 board feet.
Had ice cream again for supper.
Thursday, August 12
After giving the camp a thorough
cleaning, we had a class in telephone line,
construction and maintenance, and radio.
We did everything from setting the posts
to taking over the lines when completed.
The staff took several pictures of us
building the lines. Finished my life-sav-
ing course, except for the test we were
to take next day.
Was again elected to run for one of
the best campers.
Friday, August 113
All the boys in camp had Law Enforce-
ment and Forest Protection. We were
shown how to make plaster cast and how
to make finger prints. (A big help in
catching fire bugs.) We had fun looking
for clues and trying to find the guilty
party when a fire was set.
Took my life-saving test which I am
proud to say, I passed.
Had an election to determine best
campers of second week camp; results to
be announced at the final banquet.
Again we had a feast which was greatly
enjoyed by everyone. Mr. Shirley from
the Hudson Pulp and Paper Mill in Pa-
latka spoke to us for a few minutes.
The seven best campers of the second
week were: Hubert Alderman, Plant City;
Noah Griffin, Jr., Chipley; O. L. Joynes,
Jr., Jasper; Donald Turman, Live Oak;
J. W. Smith, Jr., Williston; Bobby Su-
huch, Bartow, and Wayne Haines, Palat-
Four fellows were voted best campers
both weeks: Donald Turman, J. W.
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Vocational 'Ag' and Future Farmers
(An Editorial in the Des Moines (Iowa) Tribune, Monday, May io, 1918)
WE SPEND so much time worrying about national farm programs that we
often fail to realize the importance of vocational agricultural training in
our high schools.
We suspect that a good many other people (including farmers) miss the
significance of what is going on quietly in this great educational movement
and its auxiliary association, the Future Farmers of America.
So it is a good thing for all of us that the F.F.A. once each year wakes us
up with its state convention. Only then do many of us adults begin to
appreciate the size and value of the vocational farm training program.
High school agricultural teachers are often the "forgotten men" of the
professional agricultural fraternity. They have no part in the big, national
programs which we hear so much about. Yet they are actually carrying out
a program which, in the end, overshadows all the others.
For they are giving guidance and scientific training to future generations
of farmers. In addition, they are now conducting a widespread farm training *
program for war veterans under the G. I. bill of rights, and night training
schools and public forums for their communities.
The results of vocational agricultural training and of the F.F.A. activities
are often undramatic and gradual, but they are none the less real and
Smith, Jr., Bobby Suhuch, and Wayne
Haines. The awards we received this
time were hand axes.
Saturday, August 14
We said "farewell" to Camp O'Leno
and to all friends we had made.
"As an F.F.A. member of the Palatka
Chapter," says Wayne, "I would like to
take this opportunity to thank the spon-
sors who financed the camp and the many
other people who worked hard to enable
us to have such a fine experience. Camp
O'Leno is a wonderful place, and speak-
ing for myself, I shall never forget the
times we had together. Thanks again to
Mr. William M. Thomas, my Chapter Ad-
visor; Mr. W. S. Chambers, Jr., Camp Di-
rector; Mr. Carl F. McDougald, Assistant
Director, and to all the rest of the camp
(Continued from page 13)
ized degree teams that initiated all the
Greenhand applicants and advanced all
the old members eligible to receive the
Chapter Farmer Degree.
The Trenton Chapter owns a six acre
chapter laboratory plot, located near the
classroom. This land belongs to the
Gilchrist County School Board, but the
Chapter has exclusive use of the prop-
erty. The fence around the land labora-
tory plot was old and the posts were
rotting out, so the Chapter refenced the
area. Today, this area is laid out into
pasture plots, so that the Chapter can
better raise purebred Duroc hogs.
At the beginning of the school year,
1947-48, each member of the Trenton
Chapter made a long-time supervised
farming program for a period of three
or four years, based on the type of farm-
ing in which he was most interested.
Definite improvement projects, supple-
mentary farm jobs, and skills were added
to the program to give the members
more thorough training in agriculture.
It was emphasized that each member
must own all of his projects. Methods
of securing credit were studied, and those
members needing credit made use of the
information. In checking up at the end
of the year, it was found that each mem-
ber averaged 3.50 productive enterprise
projects, 4 improvement projects, 10 sup-
plementary farm jobs, 16 farm skills. All
members owned their projects.
The importance of food conservation
was stressed and no products were wasted
from any project on the farm.
The city of Trenton has a population
of approximately 1,500 and serves a
rural area of approximately 2,000. Since
there is only one seed, feed and fertilizer
store, the students of Vocational Agri-
culture and farmers of the community
did not have the advantage of competi-
(Continued on page 20)
C. G. Bowen, manager of the Gainesville store of Sears, Roebuck & Co., is shown
above with representatives from the chapters who won awards in the "Pass the
Chicken Pappy" contest sponsored by Sears.
Results Given for 'Pass the
Chicken' Contest by Districts
RESULTS are given below for the three high Chapters in each District in the F.F.A.
"Pass the Chicken Pappy" Banquet Contest sponsored by Sears, Roebuck & Company.
The Chapters are listed in each District in order of their placing. First Place
Chapters received $25.oo award; second place, $15.00, and third place, $io.oo.
Chapter No. Birds % Feed Used Days
Received Birds per lb. Required to
Raised Live Weight Produce Pound
Tate (Gonzalez) ................. 133 98 % 2.66 24
M olino ........................ 75 0oo % 3.t 25
M arianna ...................... 75 98.7% 3.64 30
Altha .......................... 117 95 % 3-1 23.2
Havana ........................ 1oo 91 % 3.58 32
Quincy ......................... 102 87 % 3.12 31
Lake Butler .................... oo 98 % 2.15 29
Alachua .. ....................... oo q6 % 2.84 28.6
Bunnell ........................ lo3 98.6% 3.25 26
R eddick ......................
Groveland ............... ......
D eLand ........................
Plant City ................... ...
M oore Haven ...................
Pahokee ................... ....
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
The Cover Picture
Some of the 232 delegates at the Twentieth Annual State Convention of the
Florida Association, Future Farmers of America, held in Gainesville, Florida,
June 15-19, 1948.
Here's Record of
(Continued from page 9)
also helped our chapter carry out several
activities such as selling drinks at foot-
ball games, and raising tomato plants.
That year, I served as Vice-President of
my freshman class.
In 1946-47, I expanded my program
considerably, financing it with my first
year's earnings. I doubled my tobacco
bed, raised one half acre of sweet po-
tatoes, put out a citrus nursery, and again
raised 500 chicks. Not only was I sec-
retary of our chapter, but also treasurer
of my class. I directed our chapter's
sale of peannuts at football games.
My farming program during 1947-48
consisted of a tobacco bed. 200 laying
hens, 1 1-2 acre of peppers. 1 acre of
corn, 1 1-2 acres of watermelon, and a
commercial garden. I served as Presi-
dent of our Chapter, and again directed
our chapter's concessions at football
games. I have just completed a modern
poultry house designed to raise 350-400
hens or about 1,000 fryers. Soon the
300 pullets that I have will occupy this
During my first three years in agri-
culture, I have tried to diversify my
farming program as much as possible,
but I now plan to specialize in the rais-
ing of poultry for meat and laying hens.
I might add that the experience I
have had in farming is very valuable to
me and I have earned to date $1,044.24
Labor Income. The work I have done
in the F.F.A. has been enjoyable and
educational. For three years, I have
been on our parliamentary procedure
team and this year I won the District
Public Speaking Contest and placed
fourth in the state.
Having already received my State
Farmers Degree, my next goal is the
American Farmers Degree.
Carruthers has Five Years
I have taken five years of Vocational
Agriculture, starting in the eighth grade
and finishing in my senior year. The
first two years, I was at the Oxford
Junior High School, and then attended
Wildwood High School the last three
My projects for these years consisted
of hogs, peanuts, dairy cattle, and water-
melons. I started with one sow and
pigs, and enough peanuts to fatten them.
Each year I tried to increase the scope
of my hog and peanut projects. Dur-
ing my senior year I raised thirty head
of hogs and fifteen acres of peanuts.
In my freshman year I bought a dairy
Honorary State Farmer degrees were rco(frredl b' r-t-rin o Fo-':'a .1 -o- 'aion Presi-
dent Hal Davis to the following: (frcm left) H. 0. Coffc'. B:-'m7 nbahm assistant
manager, The Progressive Farmer; J. K. Chapman. Tallahasree. S'a'e D-Plrfment of
Education; Dr. 7. Hillis Miller, G:irrville, iJresident. University, of Florida; 7. F.
Davis, Quincy, father of Davis: Leon Conner, Starkie. father of Part President Doyle
Conner; 7. P. Derham, Norfolk, Va.. freight Iraf-:c m-ina"'r. Seaboard Air Line
Railway; Irlo Bronson, Kissimmee, president Florida State Cattlemen's Association:
Herbert Brown, Trenton, adviser of the winning chapter in the state chapter contest.
Davis is at extreme right.
heifer and kept her until I had four
head. These I sold in my senior year.
In my senior year I added ten acres
of watermelons to my projects to raise
my labor income.
I now have, in addition to my feed-
ers, a purebred Poland China sow and
two purebred Poland China gilts.
I always tried to have at least three
projects, and believe this is partly re-
sponsible for the fact that my labor in-
come for the five years was $2,332.29.
While in school I was president of the
Oxford Chapter in the eighth and ninth
grades. In the Wildwood Chapter I was
secretary in my sophomore year, presi-
dent in my junior year, and vice-presi-
dent in my senior year.
I have had some fine experiences in
our Future Farmers of America, and in
The Hawthorne Parliamentary Procedure
team (above) and the Blountstown chap-
ter quartet will appear on the program
of the Florida Farm Bureau state con-
vention in Gainesville November 18-19.
Vocational Agriculture. I sincerly ap-
preciate the honors given me by the
Florida Association F.F.A. and desire to
serve our membership in any way I can.
C. D. Moore Has Labor
Income of $2,599.94
I first enrolled in vocational agricul-
ture at Bell High School in 1944. My
projects for the first year were a beef
calf, a brood sow, home garden and 100
baby chicks. The following summer, I
attended the forestry camp and state
convention at Camp O'Leno.
In 1945-46, I was elected Vice-President
of my chapter. I was on the Parlia-
mentary Procedure and F.F.A. Soft Ball
Teams, and was Public Speaker for my
chapter. That year my projects were
30 acres of corn and peanuts, a tobacco
bed, a calf, 30 hens, 2 cows and home
I attended school at Tampa during
the following year and was not able to
The next year, 1947-48, I returned to
Bell and was again elected Vice-President
of my chapter. My projects for this
year were a home garden, 50 baby chicks,
and I cow. During the year I was a
member of the Quartet, Parliamentary
Procedure and Soft Ball Teams, and was
again Public Speaker for my chapter.
For three years I have taken vocational
agriculture and during this time my to-
tal Labor Income was $2,599.94.
This year I plan to enroll at the Uni-
versity of Florida. I shall always ap-
preciate my experiences in the Future
Farmers of America and in Vocational
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
'The Soil-Our Only Hope' is Theme of Winning Address
(Continued from page 12)
by wind or water has been most severe.
Ignorance and poverty breed waste.
Waste in turn breeds increased ignorance
and poverty. If we wish to save and im-
prove our natural resources of the soil,
we must save and improve the people
in whose care those resources lie.
This is a job in which the Future
Farmers of America can play an import-
ant part. We can use good soil practices
and show to our parents and neighbors
the importance of our soil and what can
be done to improve the living standards
of the people in rural America.
I have given you some of the things
that could happen to America if we do
not protect our soil, but to realize more
deeply why we must protect it, think
back over the history of early civilization
to the time of the downfall of the Mayan
Empire. Like our own America today, it
was a nation of great strength and power,
but around 600 A. D., the Mayan Em-
pire suddenly disappeared. Dr. C. Wythe
Cooke, a noted American Geologist, made
an extensive study of the bogs which
compose about 40% of the territory at
present, and his evidence shows that
these muddy expanses were clear lakes
during Mayan Civilization. The steep
hills of today were then fertile farms.
But erosion, induced by torrential rains,
stripped the soil from the hillsides, fill-
ed up their lakes, and robbed them of
the means of production and transpor-
tation. Mosquito-borne malaria and yel-
low fever finished the destruction of the
It was these same careless practices
that caused the downfall of China and
Rome from the greatest of empires to
the poverty-stricken and helpless people.
Today, America is at the crossroads of
declining or rising power, trying to stamp
out Communism and establish a Demo-
cratic form of Government in the war-
torn countries of Europe, but can Amer-
ica stem Communism when the far
reaching cry of Europe today is food?
Can an ideal democracy be established
when a man is thinking only of filling
his empty stomach? No! If we wish to
stamp out Communism, we must send
to Europe millions of tons of food. The
Europeans do not care whether Dem-
ocracy or Communism rules them as long
as they are starving. My friends, if we
are to remain a leader of nations, we
must adopt every method of soil con-
servation possible to keep our soil pro-
ductive, and at a high rate of fertility.
Some of these methods are the follow-
The Terracing Plan (and I believe it to
be the most advantageous to the farmer)
is to convert running water into slowly
moving water, so that it will not take so
much soil and tear so many runways,
while moving. Terracing is much better
when supported by strip cropping, con-
tour plowing, and other conservation
Contour Farming provides us with a
plan of making all the rows go around
instead of over the hill. Each row, being
farmed on the level, becomes a miniature
terrace, thus causing the depositing of
soil an:l the retarding of run-off water.
Strip cropping works in much the same
way as contour farming. The only differ-
ence is that strips of some permanent
crop, such as sweet clover, or grass, are
spaced on the contour to prevent soil
and water losses.
If America does not adopt these
methods, or similar ones to protect her
soil, we will be caught short; so short, in
fact, that our living standard will have to
be lowered. Then our country will be
materially weakened, and we may be-
come easy prey for Communism or some
powerful nation just as Rome did many
centuries ago when they were over-run
by the Barbarians from the North.
In conclusion, I should like to quote
Austin Burge's definition of the soil.
"The soil is the heritage of the human
race. It is Nature's marvelous laboratory
wherein the inert remains of plants and
animals are broken down into their com-
ponent parts and again infused into liv-
ing things. The soil is incredibly slow
to form but swift as the dashing rains to
erode. Once wasted, it can never be re-
formed nor feasibly replaced by man. It
is the source of all food, the beginning of
all wealth, and the basis of all civiliza-
tion. When the soil grows thin, the
mightiest empire declines, and when it
is gone, men lay down their emaciated
bodies and die. What is more priceless
My friends, we must protect our soil!
Louis Geraci, Lutz, is shown with 7. G. Smith, district FFA supervisor, viewing the
registered Duroc Jersey gilt which has been presented to the Hawthorne chapter for
the start of a "pig chain." (Florida Cattleman photo)
Louis Geraci Donates Gilt
To Start 'Pig Chain' in Florida
MR. Louis GERACI, Angus cattle breeder
of Lutz, Florida, secured a pure bred
Duroc Jersey gilt, October 1, to be
awarded by the Florida Association, F.F.A.
This gilt was purchased from T. W.
Cannon and Son, Live Oak, and is from
exceptionally fine stock. The Hawthorne
Chapter, F.F.A., was selected from many
interested groups to receive this gilt on a
"pig chain" basis. They will have her
bred to an outstanding male, and, dur-
ing the year, return to the Florida Asso-
ciation two four months old gilts, which
will in turn be awarded other chapters in
Mr. Geraci, General Manager of the
Livestock Show at the Tampa Fair, is an
Honorary State Farmer, having been
awarded this degree last year in Tampa.
He has been an outstanding booster of
Future Farmers and other youth groups
in his community and throughout Flor-
ida. Mr. Geraci particularly emphasizes
the type of contributions that will give
these young men the start that they need
to become self-supporting and worthwhile
citizens and members of their communi-
ties. The Florida Future Farmers deep-
ly appreciate the fine cooperation and as-
sistance given by Mr. Louis Geraci and
by the many other loyal supporters of its
farm youth program.
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Florida FFA to Shine
At Farm Bureau Meeting
FUTURE FARMERS will participate in the
annual convention of the Florida Farm
Bureau at Gainesville November 18 and
19, according to plans announced by
John Ford, executive secretary of the
Billy Holly, Blountstown, will officially
represent the Florida Association, FFA,
as guest of the convention, as will Miss
Johnnie Bell Sapp, Lake Butler, president
of Future Homemakers of Florida. Holly,
Miss SAPP HOLLY
a soloist in his own right, will be a part
of the Blountstown chapter quartet,
which will have parts on the program on
the evening of November 18.
Also to appear on the program arc
members of the Hawthorne chapter's
parliamentary procedure team.
(Continued from page 12)
officers and the late Mr. J. F. Williams,
Upon graduation from high school, I
was unable, financially, to attend college
at Gainesville, and my last hopes were
gone when I was notified that I could
not obtain a scholar-
O f ship or a chance
to work my way
through college. So
I went to work with
my father in the
A year later, I se-
cured a job as ste-
nographer in the
Office of the Execu-
TYLER tive Secretary of
Young Democratic Clubs of America in
Washington, D. C. I attended night
school at George Washington University
while working in this position. Later
I had a temporary civil service appoint-
ment as senior draftsman which led me
into twelve different government agen-
cies in 18 months.
I had visited Mr. W. A. Ross who
was the Executive Secretary of the F.F.A.,
and Dad Linke, the National Advisor,
on many occasions, and asked for a job.
On one such occasion, it happened that
Mr. Ross needed the lawn cut at his
home. I obliged, and one well-tended
lawn brought on another, until I worked
up a fairly good business as a gardener.
Finally Mr. Ross gave me a job in his
office doing F.F.A. work. I helped with
anything that came to hand, from mak-
ing graphs of growth of the F.F.A. to
mailing forms out for the various con-
This continued for two years, or until
1939, when the F.F.A. bought a camp
site located near Mt. Vernon in Virginia.
Mr. Ross requested me to stay at the
Camp during its construction. I con-
sented to do this and batchedd" until
it was completed in 1941. That year I
was made manager of the National Camp.
I operated the Camp until 1942 when
I married a girl from my home town in
Florida. Six months later I was inducted
into the Army at Camp Blanding, and
remained in the Intelligence Corps of
the Air Forces until January 10, 1946.
I returned to the National Camp in
September of that year and have re-
mained here ever since.
The National Camp consists of 38
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
acres. On two sides it borders a stream
known as Dogue Run, and U. S. High-
way No. 1, and 235 make up the other
boundaries. The Old Washington Grist
Mill of six acres is adjacent to the camp.
It is leased and operated by the F.F.A.
The building consists of a barracks with
hot and cold showers and is large enough
to accommodate 76 boys. The dining
room is equipped with facilities to take
care of the same number.
I wish to extend to each and every
member of the Florida Association an in-
vitation to visit the National Capitol and
stay at the National Camp.
I would like to say that I have en-
joyed my many years of work in the Fu-
ture Farmers of America, and I assure
you it has been an inspiration to work
with such men as Mr. Henry C. Grose-
close, Dad Linke, Mr. W. A. Ross, Dr.
W. T. Spanton, Mr. A. W. Tenney, Mr.
D. J. Howard, and all the rest of the
men connected with the Future Farmers
of America in the U. S. Office of Edu-
cation. Many thanks to all of them for
their assistance, guidance, and training.
Florida FFA Accomplishments
(Continued from page 7)
Percent of qualified members applying for American
Farmer Degree (oo0% of Florida quota elected) .... 73 %
Percent of chapters with organized leadership training
program ........................................ o %
Percent of chapters making educational tours.......... 30 %
Percent of chapters submitting Chapter Program of
W ork as required ................................. l %00
Percent of chapters procuring all eligible boys as members 90 %
Average number of members per chapter .............. 47
Number of chapters having library with agriculture
magazines and at least io F.F.A. books.............. 66
Copies of State Future Farmer magazine published
quarterly ...................................... 9,000
V. Earnings and Savings
Earned by 93 chapters.................... ......... $ 55,560.00
Government bonds purchased by 77 chapters.............$ 4,811.43
Average labor income from supervised farming per
member ...................... .............. $ 130.00
Total investment of all members in farming,
January, 1948 .................................... $409,293.85
VI. Conduct of Meetings
Percent of chapters holding 2 out-school meetings each
month during year .............................. 80 %
Percent of chapters having local meeting of 90 minutes
or m ore ......................................... 9g %
Percent of attendance at regular meetings ............. 70 %
Percent of membership with dues paid by November i.. 75 %
Percent of chapters with complete paraphernalia...... 80 %
Percent of members owning an official F.F.A. manual.... 75 %
Percent of chapters using parliamentary procedure at all
m meetings ........................................ 73 %/
Percent of chapters using official secretary and treasurer
books ........................................... 80 o
Average grade of members in all high school subjects .... 80 %
VIII. Recreational Activities
Average number of types of recreational activities per
chapter ......................................... 6.6
Average number of events in all kinds of recreational
activities per chapter. ........................... 15
To ILLUSTRATE the potential profits of the Institutional
On-the-Farm Training Program to the community and
to the hundreds of Jackson County veterans enrolled in
the rehabilitation plan, training officials cite the success
of Warren L. Griffin, Graceville, Route i, World War
11 veteran who, although only midway through his
course, has made his 80 acre farm pay and comple-
mented crop income with handsome dividends from a
small dairy herd.
With a nucleus of two cows, Griffin started his small
dairy businres to augment his meagre subsistence allow-
ance from the government, quickly realized the possi-
bilities and purchased an additional two milch cows,
bred so that two of them would be fresh to help wi
at all times. From this small project, Griffin decla
and without interfering with his farm stock for th
program, he nets from $40 to $50 a dairying prt
month. By selling calves, as well as milk mum numb
products, his net yearly income is more operation.
than .500 from this source alone. To provil
Soon after entering training two years
ago, Warren L. Griffin, with the advice
of his teacher, planned a four-year farm- rent
ing program for his 8o-acre farm.
The plan embraced several major im- (Co
provements and the use of accepted im- tive buying
proved practices. sell some f
He purchased a Ford tractor and dedi- and farmers
cated it by di.g'ng 1200 feet of drainage teach the ac
ditches-his first major project. ing. They
Realizing that a few vood hogs were of certified
more valuable than several sorry hogs, he were not get
purchased a pure bred boar to assure an were greatly
ample home supply of meat and, poten- purchased fr
tially, a surplus for marketing. ville, Georg
He then planted blue lupine, used im- cess; the fa
proved varieties of seed, planted tempo- their oats a
r.,rv pastures and installed a sanitary acre. The
water Fupply on the farm. for the men
Unlike some of his neighboring farmers, during then
Griffn believed in planting improved discount.
varieties of hybrid corn. Consequently The Tret
several varieties recommended by his farming are
teacher were tried out on his farm and, watermelons
as a result of these trials, he concludes farmers in
that Fink's G 714 is the best to grow lots of trou
cn his land. Proof of h;s wisdom in for waterme
selecting this variety is reflected in the high quality
yield. For the past two years his harvest Trenton Ch
has averaged more than 35 bushels of watermelon
corn per acre. watermelon
Griffin asserts that all of his corn is ested farme
planted 20 inches in the drill, and is on the pur(
fertilized with 4oo pounds of 4-10-7 and had the mo
ioo pounds of nitrate of soda. This son in the
season he found it necessary to dust t'-- Because
corn for control of insects, the total far
Since he did not have a large family the Chapte
Above is Warren L. Griffin, Graceville veteran who is achieving success
on his 8o-acre farm as one of many on-the-farm trainees under the G. I.
bill in Jackson county. The picture shows some of the pasture land
and cattle that are aiding Griffin secure a regular cash income. John
McCraney, Graceville, is Griffin's instructor. (Cut and article from
7ackson County Floridian)
th the harvesting of crops,
res he intends to raise live-
e market in connection with
ejects that require the mini-
er of "hands" for successful
le ample grazing nearly the
year 'round, with the aid of the Soil
Conservation Service he plans to improve
12 acres of pasture land and to establish
an additional 15 acres of permanent
pasture. This, he asserts, will put every
acre of the land on his farm to the use
for which it is best suited.
on Chapter Wins State Award
ztinued from page 16)
. The Chapter decided to
farmers supplies to members
Sof the community and also
Ivantages of cooperative buy-
decided to buy 1,000 bushels
oat seed, because the farmers
tting good seed and the prices
inflated. The oat seed were
tom Mr. A. N. Moye of Barns-
ia, and proved to be a suc-
rmers getting less disease in
nd having better grazing per
Chapter also purchased seed
Fibers of the Chapter, thus as-
Sof high quality seed at a
nton community is a general
a, raising hogs for meat, and
, as the main cash crops. The
the community were having
ble securing disease-free seed
Ion varieties that would yield
y melons for shipping. The
apter ordered "Texas Giants"
seed from a commercial
seed farm in Texas. Inter-
rs received a good discount
hase price of their seed and
st successful watermelon sea-
history of the county.
)f the importance of hogs in
ming program in the county,
r purchased the best bred
Duroc gilt in the Ocala Fat Hog Show
in October, 1947. They built a modern
farrowing pen on the laboratory plot,
planted definite feed crops and carried
out approved methods of sanitation in
raising swine. They sold $300.00 worth
of pigs out of the first litter, and selected
two outstanding males to be put in the
Ocala Fat Stock Show in October, 1948.
Several of the members have purchased
purebred hogs and made farrowing pens
because of the Chapter demonstration.
The Chapter also planted a 2 1-2 acre
pecan grove in the chapter laboratory
plot, using "Curtis" and "Moneymaker"
varieties. They did this because they
are interested in getting a new cash crop
in the community, and had found this
soil and climate to be well adapted to
the growing of pecans.
The Chapter planted hairy indigo in
the laboratory plot, for the purpose of
demonstrating its advantages as a hay
crop, and as a soil building crop. Several
of the students and farmers in the com-
munity have become interested in this
new legume, and have planted large
Our Chapter planted a small nursery
for the purpose of distributing fruit trees
to its members. They cooperated in
building a community canning plant,
giving $250.00 towards finishing the
plant. Besides getting people interested
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
in the project, they helped with the
carpenter work and painting. The plant
is now a reality.
The Chapter purchased 15 carloads of
commercial fertilizer for the farmers of
this community, saving them at least
$5.00 per ton on their fertilizer. The
Chapter also demonstrated the use of
cane as a new feed for hogs and cattle.
It was found to be very good for hogs
where other feeds supplemented the
The Chapter played an important part
in community activities, serving the
farmers wherever possible. They culled
chickens, treated watermelon seed, oat
seed, and other small seeds with spergon.
The farmers used the farm shop to re-
pair farm machinery and cooperated with
veteran students in every way possible to
get them re-established in farming. They
gave money to the American Red Cross,
Cancer Drive, and March of Dimes; and
helped the city carry out many com-
Our Chapter demonstrated the ad-
vantage of using commercial fertilizer
and encouraged the farmers to add or-
ganic matter to the soil through the use
of blue lupine as a winter legume and
hairy indigo for a summer crop.
The Chapter was responsible for sev-
eral members of the Chapter and farmers
in the community buying purebred heif-
ers and bulls to build up their herds
and improve their stock. They pur-
chased these cattle from Mr. A. E. Cason,
Blountstown, Florida. They were also
responsible for several hundred acres of
pastures being planted in the county be-
cause of their trial plantings in the lab-
One of the greatest menaces to our
county is wind erosion. The Chapter
encouraged farmers to plow with tillers,
practice strip crop farming, plant wind
breaks around their fields.
The Chapter planted one acre of gar-
den, furnished the school lunch room
with fresh vegetables, and canned the
surplus vegetables for the lunch room.
The Chapter stressed the importance of
a good live-at-home program and 90 per
cent of the students had a home garden.
They helped beautify the Trenton
High School grounds, and also helped
the City build a baseball field. They
helped beautify the Trenton Woman's
Club, and cooperated with the Rotary
Club in building a tennis court. At
least 90 per cent of the members beauti-
fied their own homes. The members
of the Chapter repaired and painted
library furniture and renovated chairs
for the school. They kept their farm
shop open so that farmers and members
could repair farm machinery.
The Chapter sent two delegates to the
State Convention, paying all expenses
while they were there. The members of
(Continued on page 22)
Build Your Own Housekeeping Closet
II 'I I
I i i
<^ -^:^1L *;
Designed by the National Safety Council ft
1. Construct frame
2. Build shelves
3. Apply outside panels and ceiling
4. Hang doors
5. Finish as desired
WHAT YOU NEED
Hammer, saw, square, screw driver, ruler and small
LUMBER AND MILLWORK:
2 panels fir plywood (or equal) 3-8" x 4' x 8'
71 lineal ft. 1" x 2" strips for framing
24 lineal ft. 3-4" x 7-16" stock molding to support
20 lineal ft. No. 2 shelving lumber 3-4" x 12"
2 one panel doors 1 1-8" x 6' 6"
20 lineal ft. of stock door trim to finish front of
or Safe Storage of Household Equipment
(2 pieces 8 'long and 1 piece 4' long)
1 lb. 6 penny nails to form 1" x 2" framework
1 lb. 1 inch lath nails to fasten plywood to frame
36 wood screws 3-4" long to fasten molding strips
for shelf supports
36 wood screws 3-4" long to fasten molding strips
for shelf supports
4 wire closet hooks for support of electric iron cord
and vacuum hose
1 door lock set
1 lock or friction catch and 2 hinges for poison
6 butt door hinges 3" long
9 screw hooks 3-8" long (rounded)
8 screw hooks 3-8" long (straight)
1 elbow catch door fastener
5 broom-handle clips
LABOR: 18 hours (estimated)
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Farming is Career for Holland,
Flagler Alumnus of Pacific
By L. O. BALDWIN
FARMING has been a lifetime business for
David Holland. He was born on a farm
in Flagler County and except for an in-
terlude with the Thirty-first Infantry Di-
vision in the Pacific, has spent most of his
life on that same farm.
There was no such thing as vocational
agriculture or F.F.A. when he attended
school at Bunnell High. Flagler County
did have an outstanding county agent at
that time, however, and it was Mr. L. T.
Neiland who organized the first 4-H For-
estry Club in Florida right here in Bun-
David Holland and his brother were
members of that club and had for their
project two acres of natural growth slash
pine saplings. It was their first job to
thin the trees, protect them from fire and
set a few seedlings in the thin spots. If
anyone has any doubt as to the value.
of fire protection, they have only to look
at David's first forestry plot for proof.
David expects to cup a few of his lar'-r
protected trees for turpentine next spring
as they average 7 to 10 inches in diameter,
4 feet from the ground. The trees of the
same age just across the firebreak measure
scarcely more than 3 or 4 inches in di-
=meter, 4 feet from the ground. The only
difference in treatment is that David's
trees have been protected from fire while
those across the firebreak have ben burn-
ed every year.
David has increased his forestry inter-
ests considerably since that first small
project, and at present has 200 acres of
woodland, which yield, in addition to oth-
er products, 7 to 8 barrels of gum per
month. He is still interested in promoting
and protecting the natural growth of
slash pine on his land.
But forestry is by no means David's
only farming interest. He farmed with
his dad on the old home place until he
entered the service in 1941. He acquired
his first 57 head of range heifers in 1937,
and managed to secure terms such as
would enable him to pay for them out of
their own production. Since that time he
has increased the original number from
57 head of range cattle to 90 head of
grade Brahmans, having 50'' or more of
When his dad died, David was in the
service of his country. After his discharge
in 1945, he managed to buy the old home
place from the other family heirs. He
also purchased another small farm in part-
nership with his brother and now owns
250 acres of land with 30 acres of im-
proved pasture. He rents additional land
for grazing purposes.
Corn, cabbage, potatoes and other
truck crops are grown on David's 50
acres of cultivated land. He appreciates
the value of cover crops in maintaining
high production and plants a maximum
amount of leguminous cover crops every
David Holland entered the Bunnell
Veterans Agriculture Class when it was
organized in October, 1946, with Mr. Ray-
mon Tucker as teacher. Mr. Tucker
taught the (lass until July, 1949, when
he was replaced by Mr. Rodney Wilcox.
By O. Z. REVELL
NORMAN WORTHINGTON, a veteran enrolled
in the Institutional On-The-Farm Train-
ing in the Vernon Agricultural Depart-
ment, believes that wherever possible, a
trainee should include in his farming
program utilization of his farm forest.
Mr. Worthington is at present gum
farming 1,000 faces in addition to his
general crop and livestock program. He
will produce by the end of the season ap-
proximitely 17 barrels of gum which he
will sell at an average price of $20.00
per barrel. This will give him a gross
return of approximately $g34o.oo for the
year. He also states that it will cost ap-
proximately 50o% of the gross returns to
produce the 17 barrels of gum; thus
leaving him a net profit of $17o.oo
David says the class has been invalu-
able to him because it his taught him
such skills as arc and acetelyne welding,
and the care and repair of farm equip-
ment. Such skills greatly reduce his re-
pair and replacement expense on ma-
chinery. The class also teaches him all
the latest farming methods and the value
of a live-at-home program. Then, too,
there is the opportunity to associate with
other young farmers with similar prob-
lems and interests.
Men, such as David Holland, profit by
the training and assistance given them
through the fine program of the Veter-
ans Institutional On-The-Farm Training.
for the year. Mr. Worthington plans to
increase the number of faces gum farmed
on his farm to 2,000 faces in the future.
During the past few years, he has set
four acres of slash pine on his farm and
plans to continue setting pines each year
until he has his 120 acre farm forest re-
stocked in timber. It is his plan to insti-
tute the best forestry practices on his
farm for the purpose of utilizing all land
on the farm in such a way that his farm
income will be increased sufficiently to
meet the various needs and demands in
his farm business. Norman Worthington
has his 120 acres of timber protected by
plowed fire lines at present for the pur-
pose of restocking land by natural growth
trees and protecting from wild fires the
pines that were set.
Trenton Chapter Wins State Award
(Continued from page 21)
the Chapter participated in the following
leadership training contests: Public
Speaking; Livestock Judging; Parliamen-
tary Procedure; and Diamond Ball. They
also participated in leadership activities
in the high school, holding the following
offices: President of the Senior Class;
Treasurer of the Senior Class; Secre-
tary of the class; and Captain of the foot-
ball team. They advanced all members
that were eligible to the next highest
The Chapter meetings were held at
least twice a month, and special meetings
were called when necessary. The aver-
age attendance at all meetings was 75
per cent. The Chapter encouraged its
members to participate in all recreational
activities and also to make good grades.
They made an average of 80 per cent in
The members were promised, if they
would attend at least 75 per cent of all
the meetings and make good grades,
their adviser would take them to Wash-
ington, D. C. They made the trip to
Washington, leaving June 28th, and re-
turning to Trenton, July 9th. Our mem-
bers stayed at the National F.F.A. Camp
in Alexandria, Virginia, and commuted
to all historical buildings, museums, and
monuments. The Chapter bore all the
expenses of the trip.
The Trenton Chapter earned a total
of $2,450.00 from various cooperative
projects. The average labor income per
member on their own supervised farm-
ing was $200.00. Each member had an
average investment in farming of $300.00,
and an additional average saving of
$1oo.oo. They were encouraged to saie
their money to get established in farming
after finishing school.
The Trenton Chapter now has a net
worth of $5,354.00 in land, savings, equip-
ment, etc., and is looking forward to an-
other busy and successful year of study,
fun, and service in their school and com-
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Vernon Veterans Believes in
Farm Forestry for Florida
By JACQUES D. WALLER
IT IS GENERALLY conceded that the first
years of farming are the hardest. As the
beginner adds years to his experience in
farming, even with moderate success, he
finds himself becoming better established
in the business of farming. He accumu-
lates equipment and machinery, livestock,
home conveniences, land, money in the
bank, and farm improvements. He estab-
lishes business contacts and social ac-
quaintances; and, within a very few years,
he finds farming to be a gracious and
full way of life. These are the conclusions
of the Wimauma Farm Veterans. With
the help of Veterans On-The-Farm Train-
ing, these farm veterans are fast becom-
in.g established in farming as a way of life.
There are twenty-three farm veterans
in the Wimauma class. Three live and
farm on the farms of their parents. Twen-
ty of them own their own homes and, in
most cases, all the land they farm. Six of
these veterans have purchased farms since
their entry into training and all but two
of the twenty have purchased farms since
their discharge from active service in the
Twelve farms have installed running
water systems. All, except one, of the
farms represented are wired for electric
power. Eight of the farm owners have
wired their farms for electric power since
beginning their course in Vocational
Agriculture. Twelve farms have installed
electric refrigeration. Four electric ranges
have been purchased. Ten have purchased
electric washing machines. Many other
farm improvements have been made, in-
cluding drilling irrigation wells, construct-
ing miles of irrigation and drainage
ditches, building miles of fences, painting
and repairing farm buildings, and rear-
ranging fields for more efficient use.
All Wimauma farm veterans have access
to farm tractors. They own fifteen trac-
tors, of which twelve are of the cultivat-
ing type. Eight have been purchased by
the veterans since the beginning of their
training. Five of the eight tractors were
purchased in July and August of this
year. The class goal is a 100% conversion
from horse power to tractor power.
In January 1948, the class set a goal
to produce $100,00 worth of farm pro-
duce during the year. Figures, taken
from the farm accounts kept by the veter-
ans on their farming operations, show a
total gross sales of $47,705.84 for the first
six months period.
The class actively participated in the
organization of a potato marketing co-
Forestry is emphasized in this project at Lake City. Shown (from left) are Billy
Spradley, veteran trainee; 7. IV. Nelson, veterans' teacher; D. N. Raulerson, trainee;
7. L. Dunaway, 7r., assistant vocational agriculture teacher; and Samuel F. Williamson,
trainee and owner of the project.
Veterans at Lake City Place
Emphasis on Tree Farming
MR. J. W. NELSON, Veterans' teacher at
Lake City, was once a "turpentine man"
himself. Perhaps that is the reason that
members of his class are so enthusiastic
about their forestry work. At any rate,
several veterans are doing outstanding
work in their gum farming operations.
D. N. Raulerson is one of these veter-
ans. After spending thirteen months with
the Eighty-sixth Division in the Pacific
Theatre, he returned home in October,
1947, and started gum farming. About
1,200 of his boxes are yielding approxi-
mately 3/2 barrels of gum for every
three streaks. Mr. Nelson states that "D.
N., who is 20 years old and still a single
man, has been highly commended for
excellent work in cutting the faces." On
the entire project, accurate straight sides
have been cut. He now cares for 3,500
faces and plans to increase to 5,000 next
Lewis Curry is another veteran student
at Lake City. Nelson says that "Lewis
just naturally took up gum farming when
he came out of the service in 1945." His
father was an old fashioned turpentine
man who had worked in turpentine since
he was big enough to carry a half nail
keg full of gum-back when workers re-
ceived only 30c for dipping a barrel of
gum. Lewis is successfully working 3,000
third year cups, using acid stimulation af-
ter bark chipping. "By this method "ne
streak every two weeks produces approxi-
mately as much gum as one streak every
week by the old method. In addition to
these 3,000 cups, Lewis also has 2,000 vir-
gin faces which are giving good yields."
Samuel F. Williamson was discharged
from the service February 4, 1943. He
then bought 80 acres of land and began
farming. He is now married and has en-
rolled in a Veterans On-the-Farm Train-
ing Program. His program includes 6
acres of corn, 8 acres of peanuts, one acre
of watermelons, one acre of garden, two
cows, five hogs, and 1,700 trees for gum.
Williamson has, according to Mr. Nel-
son's suggestions, widened and straighten-
ed the faces on all his trees, thus increas-
ing their gum production. His 1,700
trees have high boxes which will in time
be discarded. New faces will then be
placed on such trees as have attained suf-
ficient growth for profitable production.
THE PINECREST CHAPTER held the first
banquet of the new F.F.A. year. This
Chapter is situated in the "strawberry"
section of Hillsborough County and, as
their school started in April, were well
prepared with chapter-raised chicken and
all the "trimmings".
Our State Association President, Donald
Burch of Live Oak, State Advisor H. E.
Wood and three of his staff, several State
Legislators, and County Superintendent
Randolph McLaughlin attended this ban-
quet and each spoke briefly to the group.
The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1948
Once Again ... A BRAHMAN SHOW
Your annual chance to see the best Brahmans in the Southeast four big days of Florida's
greatest cattle show judging of adult and junior divisions, annual banquet, junior judging
Once Again ... A BRAHMAN SALE
Breeders save their BEST for this sale you shouldn't miss it last year's sale broke all
records with an average of $889 this is your chance to buy the best in Brahmans at
MORE THAN $3000 IN CASH
PRIZES for adult and junior exhibitors
and junior judges, with TROPHIES for
the following prize-winners:
ADULT TROPHIES t/ o 'I,
Grand Champion Bull / i'
Best Southeastern-bred Bull Fr
Best Southeastern-bred Female Q`o /
Reserve Champion Bull
Reserve Champion Female CA 4
Senior Champion Bull
Senior Champion Female
Junior Champion Bull / l s4 O
Junior Champion Female i
Premier Breeder / A4r ,
/I 0C4q $O S) e
JUNIOR TROPHIES O A. I 0
Champion Bull Calf 4O 1 ^Ib4 'll/O
Champion Heifer Calf 4
Reserve Champion Heifer Calf
Reserve Champion Bull Calf
Southeastern Brahman Breeders' Assn.
Southeastern Fat Stock Show & Sale, Inc.
For Premium List, Write
R. G. "Bob" Herrmann, Sales Secretary, Ocala, Florida