Address of National
FFA Vice President
State Winners Listed
MAYBE YOUR FARM is one of the thousands in
America that needs a new farm house-a new
home that meets today's standards of convenience,
comfort, low-cost upkeep and firesafety.
Concrete can't burn! Its durability and firesafety
make it the logical farm building material. Its reason-
able first cost, low-cost maintenance and lifetime serv-
ice also make it a wise investment.
Then, too, concrete homes are weathertight-warm
in winter, cool in summer and clean, dry and decay-
proof at all times. Concrete homes can be built in any
style or size-on any floor plan. Remember, any home
is a better home when built of concrete.
Get the Facts on Concrete Buildings for your Farm
For information on firesafe concrete farm buildings
and their cost, call a local concrete masonry manufac-
turer for the names of contractors, architects or agri-
cultural engineers experienced in such construction.
They can help you with your plans, and tell you about
local requirements and costs.
Take any plans or sketches that you have to the con-
tractor or engineer of your choice and have him show
you how you can get just what you want and still obtain
all the advantages of concrete construction.
Helpful Booklets on More Profitcble Farming Free
Many free booklets and circulars on all phases of
concrete farm construction are available. Some of
the principal subjects are listed below. Distributed *
only in the U. S. and Canada. wat
sanitary hog house
dry poultry house
ering tank milk house
Mail coupon below for new, Dairy Barns Granaries Fruit Storage
free farmhomebooklet.Also Machine Sheds Milk Houses Making Conci
indicate if you are interested Hog Houses Ratproofing Building with
in booklets on- Poultry Houses Septic Tanks Concrete Mas
----------------PASTE ON POSTCARD AND MAIL---------------
PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION
Hurt Bldg., Atlanta 3, Georgia
A national organization to improve and extend the uses of portland cement and concrete
S.. through scientific research and engineering field work
Please send me free copy of:
0 Farm Home Booklet and free litera-
ture on (list subject):
Street or R. No ................... ....................
................................... Post Ofice........................State......................
SIXTEEN FFA members of the chapters in
Marion C'cunt were present the first
of May to a "pi;r scramble" sponsored by
the Kiwanis Club of Ocala. Each boy
finally secured a feeder pig. The pigs
will be fed and sold at the next annual
fat hog show at Ocala. The boy will
then repay the Kiwanian for the original
cost of the pig.
MAEMBERS of the livestock judging team
from Anthony Chapter will represent
Florida next fall at Kansas City, Missouri,
in the National Livestock Judging Con-
T'HE LIVESTOCK JUDGING team from Weirs-
dale Chapter will represent Florida next
October at Waterloo, Iowa, in the
National Dairy Congress and Exposition.
MEMBERS of Chiefland Chapter set 51,000
pine seedlings this year. They were set
on individual farms and on their J. F.
Williams memorial forest.
MEMBERS of Reddick Chapter presented
six business men with the honorary chap-
ter farmer degree at their banquet in
VERNON CHAPTER has established a 40-
acre forestry demonstration plot as a
memorial to the late J. F. Williams, Jr.
MEMBERS of the Moore Haven Chapter
produced vegetables on a four-acre tract
to can for the school lunch room.
OCAL4 CHAPTER has leased 6o acres of
land on the Silver Springs Highway for
a forestry demonstration project.
B'ELL CHAPTER has a new building on the
high school campus. A very successful
banquet was held in March.
CLEWISTON CIAPTER has leased 450 acres
of land from the State to use for forestry
and for livestock grazing.
MEMBERS of the FFA Chapter at Ft. Pierce
gave a musical program for the Kiwanis
Club in April.
MARIANNA CHAPTER held a very successful
banquet in April. They had 225 people
THE BROOKSVILLE CHAPTER FFA and the
FHA held a joint banquet on April 15,
TRENTON CHAPTER held a parent-and-son
banquet in March.
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
By Way of Editorial Comment:
Future Farmers Encouraged
To Attend College
By DR. G. BALLARD SI\MMONS
Acling Dean, College of Education, University of Florida
I HAVE HAD many associations through the years with the Future Farmers. Many
boys with whom I have been closely associated have been members of the F.F.A.
I have attended their meetings, banquets, and conventions. I am always amazed
at the number of projects, with the financial
returns, that these boys engage in and carry
with such an educational
to his state and his country
While important emphasis is placed upon
agricultural projects, the Future Farmers believe
in a well-rounded personality and provide oppor-
tunities for the individual to develop intellec-
tually, socially, physically, and emotionally. I
think the Future Farmers are doing a fine piece
of work for young men.
lMembers of the Future Farmers, when they
finish the secondary school, should be able to
make a living on the farm. But boys are
encouraged to go on to college and many of
them put themselves through college on the
financial returns of their projects. With speciali-
zation in agriculture and four or five years of
college, a young man should be able not only
to make a living on the farm but to use the
farm for a laboratory for developing better
methods, increasing yields, and developing better
species of plants and animals. A young man
background can make a real contribution in agriculture
Future Farmers, I commend the work you are doing. May many of you see fit
to continue your education.
The Co er Hal Davis, Quincy, brings his administration to a close,
he Cover and Donald Burch, Live Oak, begins his administra-
tion as state president of the Florida association, Future Farmers of America, with
the exchange of the official gavel.
A I lessa.e from the new president to members of the Future
SV..sage Farmers of Florida will be found on page 5.
THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER VOL. IX, NO. 3
Published four times per year, January, April, July, and October by the Cody Publications, Inc.,
Kissimmee, Florida for the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America
STATE OFFICERS, 1947-48
President................Donald Burch, Live Oak
Vice' President ................ James Sims, Pahokee
2nd Vice President...........Coy Creel, Allentown
3rd Vice President...Archie McKendrce, Dade City
4th Vice President. .............. J. D. Moore, Bell
5th Vice President ...........Joe Cantey, Havana
6th Vice President.... Aubrey Carruthers, Wildwood
State Adviser ............ H. E. Wood, Tallahassee
NATIONAL F.F.A. OFFICERS, 1947-48
President... ........Ervin Martin, Salem, Indiana
1st Vice President..Wilbur R. Dunk, Segovia, Texas
2nd Vice President.. Osborne J. Arlien, Ruby, N. D.
3rd Vice President ..........John Webb, Delaware
4th Vice President..Kort H. Meier, Jr., Yuma, Ariz.
Student Sec'y..Eugene Hansen, East Garland, Utah
Treasurer.. .Dowell J. Howard, Richmond, Virginia
Nat'l Adviser.. Dr. W. T. Spanton, Washington, D. C.
Executive Sec'y....A. W. Tenny, Washington, D. C.
Southern Regional Adviser........D. M. Clements,
Washington, D. C.
Exchanges of the Florida Tele-
phone Corporation extend from
Kissimmee to Live Oak, embrace
Florida's vast "heartland" .
where farming and livestock
raising are basic in the area's
economy. It is a privilege to
serve and grow with agricultural
GENERAL OFFICES AT OCALA
CREOSOTE AND CREOSOTE VATS
MECHANICAL POST PEELERS
J. T. Flournoy
Representative Phoenix Oil Company
Box 338 Macon, Ga.
+ Advertise! +
are always welcome
TOM ROLAND, President
Federal Deposit Insurance
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
profits to you.
(One-half Brahman, One-half An-
gus steer was Champion Brahman
of the 1947 Southeastern Fat
BRAHMANS are consistently increasing in popularity, and their many advantages are gain-
ing widespread recognition wherever cattle are produced.
You, as producers of beef animals, owe it to yourselves to investigate just what BRAH-
MANS can do for you. Any one of the more than one hundred established breeders who
are members of the SOUTHEASTERN BRAHMAN BREEDERS' ASSOCIATION will be pleased to
furnish you with desired information.
For Full Information, Contact
LAMAR BEAUCHAMP, Secretary
WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
Highlights of Florida Future Farmers'
Activities Listed in State Adviser's Report
By H. E. WooD, State Adviser
ELEVEN new chapters were added. Eigh-
teen new advisors were added.
Approximately S250,ooo worth of
equipment and tractors added to farm
shops, chapter farms, and canning plants.
Alachua Lions Club sponsored a fat
hog project, 25 Duroc Jersey barrows for
Alachua and LaCrosse chapters to enter
in Ocala Fat Hog Show resulted in .suc-
cess. They had the largest number of
entries of any chapter in the state.
FIVE American Farmer applications were
accepted and the members recommended
to receive the degree. It was the largest
number on record for one year from
Florida and ioo0 of quota.
Dues were raised to $1.oo per member,
permitting much expansion in services by
the State Association. Each chapter in
the State purchased a picture of J. F.
IVilliams, Jr. for display.
Champ Traylor won ist place in the
Tri-State Public Speaking Contest at
Georgia F.F.A. State Camp in competi-
tion with Georgia and Alabama champ-
ions. Our State quartette from Baker
Chapter came out grd. It was our first
time for out-of-state competition.
Kathleen chapter held the first F.F.A.
and F.H.A. Banquet of the fiscal year
on August i.
Four State forestry winners (Seaboard
Contest) returned from Holiday Lake,
Virginia after a most pleasant and edu-
cational week's stay. They were: Wilbur
Mobley, Macclenny; Herbert Dorsett,
Branford; Earl Burnett, Sanderson; and
Wayne May, Vernon. This was the first
cut-of-state trip for forestry winners.
A most successful two weeks' forestry
train-ing camp was held at Camp O'Leno
for representatives from approximately
1oo Future Farmer chapters in Florida.
This camp is an annual event sponsored
by the Florida Forest Service and financed
by paper mills, lumber mills, and naval
The Summerfield Chapter was the first
one in the State to pay membership dues.
The first Ruritan Club in the State of
Florida was chartered at Walnut Hill one
year ago and J. A. Barrineau, F.F.A.
chapter advisor, was elected Vice Presi-
The first annual West Florida F.F.A.
and 4-H Dairy Show was held at Chipley
on August 21, 1947. F.F.A. members
from Walton, Holmes, Jackson, Wash-
ington, and Calhoun counties exhibited
27 heifers and participated in a dair"
cattle judging contest...In the judging
contest, three classes of dairy animals
were judged. A sweepstake award, a trip
to the State Jersey Sale in Orlando, was
won by a team representing the Grace-
ville and Campbellton chapters. This
award was made on the basis of the total
score made by the boys on both judging
and exhibiting of dairy animals.
The first State Evecutive Committee
meeting of the Florida Association,
Future Farmers of America, was held in
Gainesville August 29-30, 1947.
The Florida Association F.F.A. budget
for 1947-48 was set up for a total of
THROUGH THE EFFORTS of the Tampa
Chamber of Commerce, the Hillsborough
County Commissioners set up a S6,ooo
revolving fund to finance the purchase
of purebred dairy calves for F.F.A. and
4-H members in Iillsborough County.
The fund will be administered by a
board of trustees of which D. A. Storms,
Plant City Chapter advisor, is a member.
Seventeen chapters from Sumter, Lake,
Citrus, Hernando, Pasco, Volusia, Marion
and Polk counties participated in the
F.F.A. judging contest of the Sumter
County Breeder' Show at Webster, Sep-
tember o2, 1947.
THE OCTOBER, 1947 issue of the Journ-
al of the Florida Education Association
carried an excellent front cover picture
of Herbert Dorsett, Branford FFA mem-
ber, dipping gum as a part of his FFA
forestry project. On page 13 of the
Journal appears the story and picture
by Robert N. Hoskins concerning the
Seaboard forestry contest.
The Brodford (Starke) FFA Judg-
ing Team, composed of Maurice Ed-
wards, Jr., Eldridge Hayes, Harry
Green and Nathan Hayes, accompan-
ied by their coach, Mr. V. R. Ferguson,
returned October 6 from Waterloo,
Iowa where they represented Florida
in the National Livestock Judging
events in dairy, dairy products and
poultry. Congratulations to Maurice
Edwards, Jr., for winning the Gold Em-
blem Award in judging poultry. This
award went to the highest scoring in-
dividual judges of poultry.
Champ Traylor, Blountsto'wn FFA
Chapter, represented Florida in the
Southern Regional Public Speaking
Contest, Atlanta, Georgia, October '.
Champ did an excellent job and cap-
tured second place (a close second!)
for the southern states. Congratula-
tions to Champ! First place was won
by the Tennessee contestant.
The outstanding activities of Vil-
tiam Futch, Plant City FFA member,
received publicity in the September 7
issue of the Tampa Tribune. Wil-
liam graduated from the Plant City
high school in 1946 and is now farming
with his father on a large ranch in
(Continued on page 16)
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
State President Donald Burch is
Mindful of Responsibilities
I SHOULD LIKE to take this opportuni y to express my thanks to each delegate
to the F. F. A. State Convention in Gainesville for his generous support in
electing me president of our great organization. When I offered myself
as a candidate for president I was mindful of the responsibilities connected
with the position. During the year ahead I shall try to fulfill to the best
Af my ability every duty and obligation that I face.
I hope that I shall be able to visit many different chapters in Florida
and have the pleasure of getting acquainted with thousands of our faithful
members. I trust that each member will join me in trying to make this
year the best in our history. It can be done if each one of us will actually
Follow our Motto:
"Learning to do,
Doing to learn;
Earning to live,
Living to serve."
Sarasota FFA s
ON MARCH 11, 1948 the members ol
Sarasota Chapter had a public meeting
to christen Elsie's Raider, a registered
Brahman bull calf. The program was
unique in many respects and demonstra-
ted the enthusiasm of the boys.
In 1945 Sarasota Chapter began to
plan for a school farm. Permission was
obtained to use 40 acres of land adjoin-
ing the high school property. Three
acres of the swamp land was cleared for
truck gardening, one acre set aside for
citrus and ornamental nursery, fifteen
acres for improved pasture grasses, and
the other area left for forestry.
With pasture facilities available the boys
decided to purchase a registered Brahman
heifer, Elsie, from the Thomas ranch.
The local Kiwanis Club assisted the boys
by giving them a loan to purchase the
heifer. At first a piano box shed was
used for the heifer. Later, however, the
School Board provided materials from a
surplus army barracks to construct a new
barn with a good concrete floor.
Additional registered heifers have been
added to the school herd. On February
28, 1948, Elsie gave birth to a bull calf,
Elsie's Raider, weighing 88 pounds and
6 ounces, the first livestock dividend for
After the birth of the calf the boys
were so highly pleased that they decided
to conduct a christening program. Invi-
tations were sent to local and state school
officials and business men. The program
was held on March 11, 1948.
Present for this unique program were
95 people. The honor of christening thi
calf went to Vernon Kimbrough, County
Superintendent of Public Instruction.
He used a bottle of honey and cream foi
the christening. Mr. C. C. Strode, princi-
pal of the Sarasota high school, presented
the calf with a bag of feed, and Mrs.
Strode gave Elsie a bouquet of lettuce
leaves, carrots, and radishes. Other gifts
included a gold bull ring, a halter, 80o
Pounds of feed, and a framed photograph
of El.rie and Red Raider, the parents f
the calf. During the program the boys
gave an interesting account of their
problems and accomplishments.
Refreshments consisted of cookies made
in the shape of Brahman cattle standing
m a green pasture. Punch, in a large
crock, was labeled "water hole".
Col. Bob Newhall, local radio commen-
tator, praised the boys and W. J. Crowley,
,,gricultura) teacher, for their outstanding
achievements. As he was giving his
words of praise to them; Elsie lowed as
if to add her "Amen".
Elsie's Raider, Brahman calf owned by the Sarasota chapter, Future Farmers of
America, was ceremoniously christened on March 11, as Elsie herself looked on. In
the picture above, Mrs. C. C. Strode, wife of Sarasota Principal C. C. Strode, presents
a corsage of carrots, radishes and lettuce to Elsie. Principal Strode presented the
calf with a bag of feed. At left, looking on, is W. J. Crowley, teacher of vocational
agriculture at Sarasota, Louis Alderman, Sarasota chapter president, and at right is
Vernon Kimbrough, county school superintendent. Other gifts include a gold bull
ring, a halter, and 800 pounds of feed.
Progress Report Given On
Future Farmers' Supply Service
By A. W. TENNEY
National F.F.A. Executive Secretary
THE FUTURE FARMERS Supply Service re-
ceived the first order on February 21,
1948. Since that date a very large
volume of business has been transacted
by that Service. Orders have been re-
ceived for more than 5,000 jackets. Orders
totaling more than $50,000 have been
received and processed.
Sufficient jackets have been manufac-
tured to meet the demand to date. The
unusual demand has created a tremen-
dous problem pertaining to the lettering
of the jackets. In order to solve this
problem companies equipped to letter
jackets are being used in five cities. The
lettering capacity is increasing each week.
This week approximately 2,000 jackets
will be shipped. Since the capacity for
lettering is being greatly increased by
the use of subsidiary companies, the
Supply Service should be in a position
in the near future to have jackets lettered
in a very short period of time. This in-
formation is given to you so you will
understand why it has been impossible
to give immediate delivery on the jackets.
According to present plans another
leaflet from the Supply Service will be
mailed in May. This new leaflet will
feature, in addition to the items now
being handled by the Supply Service, a
number of new items that have been
requested by State associations. These
will probably include coveralls for use
in the shops and at livestock shows,
blankets for livestock, corduroy trousers,
a new white dress shirt, and perhaps a
few other items. Many requests have
been received from chapters for a special
jacket which can be given to chapter
sweethearts. Such a jacket is now being
designed and should be ready for delivery
in May. The above items, with the ex-
ception of the trousers, will all have an
emblem of the F.F.A. on them.
It still may be possible to add to
this list other types of official merchan-
dise. If you will write us concerning
your needs we shall give due considera-
tion to your request and, if possible, will
arrange to have it manufactured for you.
Based upon the progress being made to
date in connection with the Suppl)
Service, it should be possible to greatly
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
expand the Service next year, taking over
some of the contracts which are now being
held by other companies. The Supply
Service would then buy wholesale from
those companies instead of buying retail
as we are doing at the present time.
One problem that the management of
the Supply Service has faced has been
that of keeping a proper inventory on
hand. It is impossible to predict accurate-
ly the demand for items such as neckties
and sport shirts. After a reasonable
period of operation it will be possible to
determine the demand so that adequate
supplies can be kept on hand.
The Supply Service has not been in
operation long enough to determine ac-
curately the cost of operation and net
profit. The head bookkeeper, working
under the direction of a Certified Public
Accountant, is keeping accurate records,
and after operating for a reasonable
period of time a careful analysis will be
made of the business. This will enable
the Board of Trustees and the Advisory
Council to make necessary adjustments
in the operation of the Service.
Many orders are being received with
instructions to ship C.O.D. These ship-
ments are more expensive to the purchas-
er and require more additional work in
processing. The entire business of the
Supply Service will be expedited if pay-
ment is included with the order in the
form of check or money order.
LUTHER ROZAR, member of the F.F.A.
Chapter of Groveland, was recently
selected by the faculty of the high school
to receive the citizenship award made
annually to a senior who possesses the
greatest ability in scholarship, courage,
leadership, loyalty, and dependability.
Luther was born on a farm near
Mascotte and enjoys his work in agricul
ture. The first year in agriculture he
had one-half acre of peppers, one acre of
corn, a heifer, and a brood sow. The
corn was used for feed. His labor income
The second year he kept the sow and
heifer and planted one-half acre of
peppers, making a labor income of Sgoo.
The present year he has a cow and call,
a sow and pigs, and one-half acre of
Luther has been secretary of the Grove-
land Chapter F.F.A., president of the
Beta Club, and was an outstanding foot-
ball player for four years.
Model Dairy Barn
PLANS HAVE been made to construct a
model dairy barn at Tate school.
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
The NAME and the PRODUCT
For Complete Screw Worm Control
Barry's Screwworm Killer
Barry's with Derma Seal
Also Barry's Smear No. 62
Barry's DDT Powder (Spray or Dust)
Kills horn flies, tail lice, etc.
Barry's Wermex (A Powder)
For internal worms in livestock
HOUSEHOLD AND BARN SPRAYS
Barry's Roach Kill
Kills roaches and other insects on contact for 30 days afterwards
Just Demand Barry's Products, the old reli-
able with a money back guarantee.
direct or ask your local dealer.
Protect Your Future!
U. S. SECURITY BONDS
Ask Your Bank About the
New Bond-a-Month Plan!
FUT 1, ARME C ER
IFUTU P EFARERS of AMERICA
First place exhibit at the Ruskin Tomato Festival April 28-May 1, was that of the
Wimauma chapter, Future Farmers of America, pictured above.
Wimauma Chapter Wins First
Place for Exhibit at Ruskin Fair
IN COMPETITION with all other exhibits,
the members of Wimauma Chapter won
first prize at the Ruskin Tomato Festival.
Second prize was awarded to the Hills-
borough County Association of Veteran
The F.F.A. exhibit featured poultry
and vegetables. The chapter members
operated a concession booth at the fair.
After paying all expenses for the poultry
and vegetable exhibit, the chapter added
a net profit of over one hundred dollars
to its treasury.
The Wimauma Chapter also sponsored
a F.F.A. day at the Ruskin Fair. F.F.A.
members from Plant City, Turkey Creek,
and Wimauma participated in various
tractor contests, and in a tour of the
exhibits. One feature of the day was a
tomato battle between teams from Plant
City and Turkey Creek on one side and
boys from Wimauma on the other side.
'Wimauma Chapter held their annual
banquet on April 9, 1948, with an at-
tendance of 125. Members are partici-
pating in all F.F.A. sub-district contests.
Sebring Chapter Has Banquet
'THE SEBRING CHAPTER held the annual
father-and-son banquet on April 29, 1948.
at the high school cafeteria. Seventy-five
members, parents and visitors were pres-
tnt. The main address of the evening
was delivered in his usual style by Phil
S. Taylor, head of the inspection bureau,
State Department of Agriculture, Talla-
Chapter members on the program in-
cluded Bill Masters, president, who acted
as toastmaster; Jimmy Fountain, who
gave a history of the F.F.A.; Kelsey Payne,
who gave a report on his supervised farm-
ing program; and John K. Crawford, who
gave a summary of the chapter accom-
plishments. Jack Ingle, adviser, intro-
duced the guests.
The chapter raised cooperatively loo
baby chicks donated by Sears Roebuck
and Company to serve at the banquet.
The chapter reported their cooperation
with Highlands County in conducting a
fair. Profits to date from supervised
farming of chapter members this school
year have reached $2372.60.
National Contest Winner
CONGRATULATIONS to Earl Faircloth, a
former president of the State Association
FFA, for winning the National Oratory
contest and in the National Debating
Beef Cattle is
By LEON ROWAN
I HAVE ALWAYS liked beef cattle so when
I enrolled in vocational agriculture in
1944, I selected them as my major enter-
prise. I had planned to start with only
one steer, but when the time arrived to
purchase the animal, I decided to buy
seven. With my father's help, I borrow-
ed the money to finance my program from
I put my steers on pasture and oats for
about two months prior to dry-lot feeding.
I gradually added a little grain and
protein to the ration until I got them
on full feed. At the time of the Fat
Stock Show my steers weighed 4885
pounds and brought Si 15o.oo, a net profit
of S492.27. I also grew two acres of corn
which yielded 60 bushels and a net profit
I was awarded the Chapter farmer
degree in September 1945 and served my
chapter as assistant treasurer during the
1945-46 school year.
My second year's program included five
steers and three acres of corn. At show
time I marketed 3890 pounds of steers
and received S1 163.oo gross. Although I
used the corn from my previous year's
program as feed for my steers, I was not
able to show as much profit as the previ-
ous year because of the increase in the
price of feedstuff. My total labor income
for the second year amounted to S483.1o.
Although I had made considerable
money I had not yet realized my ambition
in the Fat Stock Show, that of winning
grand champion. I decided that I would
feed my show steers for a longer period
of time so as to put a higher finish on
them. I also decided to cut the number
down to four because show regulations
limited members to that. I purchased
exceptionally high grade Hereford steers
in the summer and grazed them on
pasture giving them supplementary feed-
ing for four months.
I fed them in dry-lot for five months
with my corn from the previous year's
project, timothy hay, cottonseed meal, and
a complete commercial ration. At show
time they weighed 4140 pounds. When
the judges completed the placings, I had
won grand champion pen of three and
third place with the individual. Thus,
I added $43.00 to the profit of this project.
Total credits amounted to S1408.64. With
expenses of $1078.64, I netted $329.71.
I did not want to run short on feed for
the next year, so I increased my corn
to 15 acres and realized a net profit of
nearly $400 on the corn.
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
I served nmy chapter as treasurer dulriiit
the 1946-47 schooll term and served o'
the livestock judging team in Tampa that
year. At the present time I am vice
Mry prestn: proicct pro'ram- includes
steers, corn, sweet potatccs, a-d hogs.
In addi;ton to my pro: cts, I have
gained valuable experienc- in home
gardening, 'oil imprcvem-nt crops,
stumping and clearing land. irrigation,
fencing, pasture improvement repairi'lg
tools, machinery. buildings. and fences.
I have alo participated in rat control,
school ground beautification, community
improvement and other worthwhile com-
THE MANATEE CHAPTER F.F.A. uses the
land laboratory to put into practice some
of the principles taught in the classroom.
At the same time, the members try to earn
a profit for their chapter treasury. This
school year they have made a profit of
The land laboratory is often used to
determine results, under field conditions,
of varieties of vegetables that are bred
by the Vegetable Crops Laboratory. This
was true for the spring crop of tomatoes.
Plantings were made of a wilt resistant
variety of tomatoes and the yield was 1 o
bushels per acre. The tomatoes were
harvested, graded, and packed by the
students, and then marketed at the
Farmers' State Market in Palmetto.
Other vegetables grown this year in.
clude corn, beans, beets, carrots, potatoes.
(owpeas, eggplant, broccoli, kohlrabi, and
Money earned this year by chapter
members will be used to improve the
physical plant and equipment for the
teaching of vocational agriculture.
THE FIVE SCHOLARSHIPS awarded annually
to the F.F.A. members by the Florida
Bankers Association were won this year
by Billy Corbett, Poplar Springs, Joe
Cantev, Havana, G. W~. Polhill, Mason
City, Bruce Smith, Ocala, Elbert Jones.
These scholarships are Sioo each and
are awarded to boys who are outstanding
in leadership activities and in achieve-
ment in supervised farming. Recipients
of the Echclarship awards may take any-
thing they want in college. They do
have to enter the University of Florida
not later than one year after they com-
plete high school.
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
Faster... Y oMurA
C hea er! nFLOw PAo HT COPAt
Fertilized pastures are recognized
as important in producing cheaper beef
or milk. Minerals applied thru fertilizer
aid materially toward a healthier animal
and the future calf crop.
NACO FERTILIZER with 5-STAR (minerals*)
were the original pasture fertilizers
and they are still the best
being offered in Florida.
*Zinc, Iron, Manganese
JACKSONVILLE 1. FLORIDA
Methods of Financing a
Future Farmer Chapter
FUTURE FARMERS OF AMERICA use many different ways of raising money.
The following list contains some of the more common plans used last year
by local chapters in Florida:
I. Dues and assessments of members
II. Producing agricultural products for the market
1. Ornamental plants 6. Purebred cattle
2. Fresh vegetables 7. Eggs
3. Vegetable plants 8. Poultry for meat
4. Fruit trees 9. Farm seeds
5. Purebred pigs 10. Farm crops
III. Selling Activities
1. Community soliciting type
A. Magazine subscription
B. Christmas cards
2. Store or merchant type at class-
B. School supplies
C. Cold drinks
D. Ice cream
E. Fruit juices
3. Concession type at special events
A. Both at local fair or festival
B. Booth at local athletic events
C. Selling special items at ath-
letic games-peanuts, balloons,
4. Order type at the classroom
1. Landscaping school grounds
5. Roadside stands
A. Citrus fruit
B'. Citrus products
6. Miscellaneous activities
A. Cutting and selling fire wood
B. Selling used airplane tires
7. Selling s;-' ed items
A. Scrap metal
C. Waste paper
S. Prepared food
A. Plates at a fish supper
B. Plates at a political rally
9. Selling chances
A. Raffle of gun, hog, turkey, etc.
B. Turkey shoot
service for pay
2. Landscaping city park
V. Working for individuals for pay
1. Canning fruits and vegetables 5. Custom plowing with tractor
2. Harvesting beans, peppers, etc. 6. Controlling insects
3. Planting lawns 7. Grading and packing vegetables
4. Landscaping home grounds
VI. Construction (portable or permanent)
1. Making and selling mineral boxes school
2. Building playground equipment 4. Constructing a sign post for a civic
3. Construction a bicycle shed for the organization
VII. Sponsoring recreational activities
1. Holding a program for a hill billy 3. Assisting in holding a fair
band 4. Fiddling contest
2. Assisting in holding a rodeo 5. Negro minstrel
VIII. Financing projects
1. Loaning money from chapter funds to boys and charging interest
IX. Premium money won
1. Chapter exhibit at fairs
2. Chapter contest sponsored by the
3. Livestock prize money on chapter
By BRUCE SMITH Ocala, Florida
I LIVE ABOUT TWO MILES west of Belleview
and went to school there through the 9th
grade. I enrolled in vocational agricul-
ture my sophomore year (1915-46) at
Ocala high school.
For my project that year I raised hogs
for meat and the corn and peanuts to
fatten them. When I sold them I made
a profit of $109.53.
The same year I began to fatten two
steers that I bought to enter in the
Southeastern Fat Stock Show.
For my chapter activities the first year
I was a member of the livestock judging
team at Tampa and other places, and I
was one of two selected to attend the
Florida Forestry Camp at Camp O'Lena.
In my junior year, and my second in
vocational agriculture, I finished fatten-
ing the two steers and sold them at the
Southeastern Fat Stock Show and Sale.
I made a fair profit but did not win
a prize with either of my steers. That
year I had one hog that I sold on the
market for a good profit.
Also during the year, by receiving a
loan from my father, I had a chance to
buy five registered heifers, one registered
bull, and one registered cow from which
I got a nice Hereford calf for my next
year's show. I also bought a Hereford
steer, thus making me two steers for the
following year's show.
For my chapter activities the second
year I was a member of the livestock
judging team and attended several stock
shows. I was also appointed to attend
the forestry camp at Camp O'Lena for
the advanced course in forestry work.
For my senior year and third year in
vocational agriculture, I had the two
steers that were fattened. They were
much better than the last year's steers
and I placed with both, receiving prize
money and a fair price for each. Alo
this year I have raised a Duroc hog and
entered it in the hog show. I placed
and won prize money and a fair profit
for the hog.
For my chapter activities this year, I
was elected vice president of the F.F.A.
Chapter. I was a member of the judging
team and we were fairly successful a!l
year making our best showing at t-.e
Southeastern Fat Stock Show and Sale
where I won first place in group judging.
This year I have been helping plant
young pine trees for future use
When school is out I expect to go to
work on my father's farm and put into
practice as many ideas of improved farnn-
ing and stock raising as I can.
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
Tells of His
By COY CREEL Allentown, Florida
IN 1943 I STARTED taking agriculture at
Allentown High School. My projects
were an acre of cabbage, an acre ol corn
and a hog for breeding. I rented the
land for my projects from my father at
the rate of three dollars per acre. The
hog had been given to me for feeding
and caring for my father's hogs.
My cabbage project was very successful,
and there was a good market nearby. I
cleared 9Sg.12 from it.
My sow brought two litters of pigs.
By feeding and caring for them I realized
a fair profit when I sold the sow and pigs.
My next year I planted % acre of can-
taloupes, one acre of watermelons and
bought a small calf. Unsuitable weather
hindered my cantaloupes and water-
melons causing my profits to be very low.
My calf's mother died while it was still
small, and since I had no suitable pasture,
it did not grow as it should and did not
bring a high price on the market.
My father bought 22o acres of land,
uncleared, and my father, brother and I
constructed a home and barn and fenced
a forty acre pasture. We also cleared and
fenced a to acre field.
For my 1945-46 projects I planted two
acres of corn which was very successful.
I cleared S7o.3o on this but my other
crops were not so successful. Excessive
rain hurt my cantaloupes and water-
melons and I profited very little from
them. Since it was impossible to purchase
a tractor and equipment I had to work
my own projects, as well as the rest of
the farm, with a mule. This caused plant-
ing to be late and caused the market to
fail before I had disposed of all I pro-
I bought a young heifer to keep.
My 1946-47 projects were one acre of
cantaloupes which were of poor quality
and very few in quantity because of
My cow grew nicely and increased
somewhat in value.
One acre of truck consisting mainly of
tomatoes grew very well. I planted them
on fresh grown and they brought a
profit of $57.60.
My other project was six acres of
watermelons. This seemed to be the
most successful project I had ever taken.
When I completed my records I found
that I had cleared S324.25.
This year I am taking one cow for
breeding, ten acres of corn and five acres
of watermelons. I have already begun
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
One of ,
.,. 9 ', w .* ,
There are two kinds of "lines" which are important to buyers of
Brahman cattle. Bloodlines are significant-but equally so are the
"lines" of conformation.
The bull calf shown above is tops in bloodlines, we believe. He's
a son of Emperor out of Lady Resoto Manso-both of them grand
We'll let his picture speak for itself regarding conformation. We
predict you'll see more of this calf.
We Invite You to Visit Us
Henry 0. Partin & Sons
FUTURE BRAHMAN BREEDERS
will be interested to learn that we have recently added to our Purebred Brahman
Herds two new bulls, "MONEYMAKER" and "HEROTOS 685th".
Progeny from these two line sires are destined to rank among the best in both
the show ring and in your breeding programs.
We are at this time offering a fine selection of gentle halterbroken and unhalter-
broken yearling bulls at attractive prices.
See us before you buy.
S( R. 0. 'BOB' HERRMANN, Gen'I. Mgr. BILL GREENE, Herdsman
O 0o.r Brnd
Shown above are the boys who received the State Farmer degree during the state convention of
Farmers of America, in Gainesville recently.
the Florida Association, Future
Florida Future Farmers Hear National
Vice President at Gainesville Convention
FLORIDA FUTURE FARMERS heard Wil-
bur R. Dunk, Segovia, Texas, first na-
tional vice president of the Future Far-
mers of America, at their annual state
convention held in Gainesville recent-
ly. "I feel highly honored," Dunk
told his listeners, "to have this privi-
lege of addressing such a distinguished
group of Future Farmers.
"Your state association has made an
enviable record in its participation in
the many activities of the Future Farm-
ers; I take my hat off to you boys for
a job well done and to the teachers and
supervisors for training you so well."
Complete text of Dunk's speech is
Luther Burbank once made this
statement, "If we paid no more atten-
tion to our plants than we have to our
youth; we would now be living in a
jungle of weeds." This statement
might hold true in many sections of our
country but it certainly isn't true with
youth that are connected with the Future
Farmers of America. Future Farmers
are receiving as much attention as any-
one else and in many, many instances,
much more attention. Now, why are
people giving so much attention to the
Let us analyze the situation and try
to decide the reasons behind this recog-
nition. First of all they probably re-
alize that the Future Farmers of today
will be the citizens and leaders of our
nation tomorrow. The future of our
nation is in the hands of the youth of
today. The training that they receive
today will determine what the world
of tomorrow will be.
In the Future Farmers boys receive
training that will be invaluable to them
in future )cars. Regardless of their
intended occupation Future Farmer
work will benefit them. They are not
only trained to make better farmers
but better leaders and citizens.
The members that have gone on be-
fore us have done a very outstanding
job of building this organization to the
position that it now holds in our coun-
try. They not only built the numbers
but have improved the quality of it.
They have accomplished much and
have caused the public to focus more
attention on the Future Farmers be
cause of the quality of work we are
Special service awards are presented by Vice President Foye Brunson during the state
convention of the Florida Association, FFA, held in Gainesville recently. Pictured
from left are Nathan Mayo, state commissioner of agriculture, Brunson, Dr. H. H.
Hume, provost dean of the College of Agriculture, University of Florida, and Dr.
Cotin English, state superintendent of public instruction.
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
doing. We must all put our shoulders
to the task of building this organiza-
tion even greater. We must give our
all to holding up the reputation past
members have built up. We can not
let them down. We must not be con-
tent with what has been accomplished
in the past; we must not stop and beam
over the past, but push on to greater
things and new horizons. Remember
there are only two ways to go-up or
down. There is no stopping to rest
and look back.
There are innumerable opportunities
and awards on every level of this great
organization. Any boy can advance to
the higher degrees and win the outstand-
ing awards if he will just put out the
fortt and time on his work. The boy
must have a deep interest in the Fu-
ture Farmers and in farm life, and a
strong desire to get ahead in life. To
boys that develop outstanding farm-
ing programs, they can obtain the
higher degrees and possibly be select-
ed the star farmer of the state or na-
tion. To boys that are outstanding
leaders comes the honor of being
elected as officers on the various levels
of the organization. For boys that are
outstanding in judging, in public
speaking, parliamentary procedure, and
in many other things there are awards
and recognition. These awards and
honors aren't just given the boy; he
must earn them by hard work and per-
severance. There are many hardships
encountered along the road to suc-
cess and we are proud to honor those
who have overcome the odds to make
better farmers and leaders. x x x
Our Future Farmer motto is "Learn-
ing to do, Doing to learn, Earning to
live, Living to serve." These words
are very meaningful and are carried
out to the letter in our many activities.
First we learn to do in the classrooms
by studying under the careful guidance
of experienced vocational agriculture
teachers. Then we take the things
that we have learned and go out on the
farm and put them into practice.
Through our supervised practice jobs
we learn by doing and thus carry out
the second line of our motto. We also
learn and earn through our project
programs. Last but not least in our
motto is living to serve. That is .a
very important part of life because no
one can receive much pleasure out of
life unless they serve their fellow man
in some manner. If the founders of
our organization had looked twenty
years for a better motto, the) would
have been unable to find one that fits
our activities better. x x x
One of the major reasons for all of
the trouble and strife in the world to-
day is the lack of understanding be-
(Continued on page 19)
Snapshots at random during the 1948 convention of Florida Future Farmers: upper
left, R. N. Hoskins at the microphone presenting forestry awards: upper right, Floyd
M. Call, third from left, and Future Farmers who won the state bankers' scholarships;
lower left, winners in state FFA public speaking contest (from left) G. 1'. Polh'ill,
Foye Brunson, Jimmie Northrup, Archie McKendree, Billy Holley and Robert
Asbell; lower right, Hal Davis, retiring state president, presents a cup to the
Marianna parliamentary procedure team that won first place in convention contests.
Honorary State Farmer
Degrees are Awarded
AT THE BANQUET PROGRAM on Friday night
of the State FFA Convention, the boys
honored individuals who had rendered
outstanding service to the organization by
awarding them the honorary state tarmer
Those honored were:
J. P. Derham, Norfolk, Va., Freight
Traffic Manager, Seaboard Airline Ra'l-
way; Dr. J. Hillis Miller, Gai-esville,
President, University of Florida; Irlo
Bronson, Kissimmee, President, Florida
Cattlemen's Association; H. O. Coffey,
I'irmingham, Assistant Manager, The
Progressive Farmer; .. K. Chapman, Tal-
lahassee, State Department of Education;
J. F. Davis, Quincy, Father of Hal Davis;
Leon Conner, Starke, Father of Doyle
Conner; Herbert E. Brown, Trenton, Ad-
visor, Winning Chapter in State Chapter
Blountstown Four Win
CHARLES WILLIAMS, Billy Holly, Amos
Williams, and Bruce Bridges of Blounts-
town Chapter won first place at the
State Convention at Gainesville in the
F.F.A. quartet contest. The boys received
a cash award of $25 given by the State
Association. They will also represent
Florida in a tri-state quartet contest with
Georgia and Alabama to be held at
Other chapters winning in the quartet
contest were: Second place of S15 by
Anthony, third place of $lo by Palatka,
fourth place of S5 by Jay, and fifth place
of S5 byI Plant City.
Each quartet sang two numbers of their
own selection and sang without an ac-
The judges for the contest were M. A.
Reecher, director of the Division of
Music; Thomas Fay, Jr., director of
Women's Glee Club; and William
Loucks, accompanist for the glee club, all
of the University of Florida.
Marianna Team Awarded
ROLAND PELT, Mike Pelt, Alex Connor,
Charles Thomas, Paul Dickson, and
Wilton Miller who composed the parlia-
mentary procedure team from Marianna
won first place at Gainesville. The chap-
ter received a cash award of $25 and a
Second place of S2o was won by Altha,
third place of 15 by Live Oak, fourth
place of $12.50 by Hawthorne, fifth place
of $1o by Sarasota, and sixth place of $10
Each team was asked to demonstrate
three abilities, and each member of the
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
tcam was asked a question of parliamen-
Professor Frazier Rogers of the College
of Agriculture was chairman of the
;udges, assisted by two Univerity of
Florida students, Mr. Anderson and Mr.
Public Speaking Contest
Award to Polhill
G. W. POLHILL of Mason Chapter won
the public speaking contest held during
the State Convention in Gainesville. H,"
spoke on the subject: "Soil, Our Only
Hope". He will represent Florida in the
Tri-State Contest to be held in July. He
will receive a check for Sloo from the
Future Farmer Foundation.
Other F.F.A. members participating in
the public speaking contest, in order of
their placing, were: Foye Brunson, Pax-
ton, "American Farmer in Our Dem-
ocracy"; Jimmy Northrop, Miami, "Boom
Time Economy"; Archie McKendree,
Dade City, "Specialization or Diversifica-
tion"; Billy Holley, Blountstown, "Youth
and Agriculture"; Robert Asbell, Chief-
land, "Our Florida Forest". Each of these
five boys received cash awards from the
Florida Association, F.F.A.
Acting as judges for the public speak-
ing contest were: Prof. H. P. Constant,
Head of tr'e Speech Department, Uni-
versity of Florida, Chairman: Dr. Marvin
A. Brooker, Prof. of Agricultu-al Ecc,
nomnics, College of Agriculture: and D. R.
(Billy) Mathews, Secretary of the Alumni
Association, University of Florida.
Boys participating in the contest at
Gainesville had won in their chapter, sub-
district, and district public speaking con-
tests. Each boy must write his own
speech on a topic of his own choosing,
and be able to answer questions about it
asked by the judges.
Kathleen Band Wins
VIRGIL BOWEN, W. L. Johnson, Gene
Ganus, Leman Coleman and Ernest
Combee from the Kathleen Chapter won
first place at the State Convention in the
string band contest and an award of S25.
The Ft. Myers Chapter won second
place and $15; Groveland Chapter third
place and $1o; and Paxton fourth place
Jasper Boy Star Farmer
BILL NORRIS of Jasper was named as the
star farmer of Florida at the State Con-
vention in Gainesville. His records will
be submitted to the National FFA
officials who will select a Star American
Farmer from among the winners from the
THE STA E FARMER DEGREE was
conferred on 71 members of the
Florida Association at the Gaines-
ville convention. Winners, with
chapter, age, and total labor in-
come, are as follows:
Marvin Wiggins, Walnut Hill 18 $ 736.50
Lawrence Grimes, Walnut Hill 17 443.22
Lawrence Steuart, Walnut Hill 17 280.71
Royce Ward, Walnut Hill 16 275.58
Frank R. Wilson, Allentown 18 728.58
Coy Creel, Allentown 17 806.57
Dalton Barton. Baker 15 655.11
Wade Wilkinson, Baker 15 313.86
Pete Courtnei, Baker 19 1287.80
Charles Allen. Paxton 18 1698.93
Fred Hatcher, Ponce de Leon 16 501.85
Houston Hughes, Ponce de Leon 16 409.48
Billy Corbitt, Poplar Springs 17 1396.95
Foy Skipper, Chipley 18 1045.90
John Padgett, Marianna 17 796.86
Mike Pelt, Marianna 17 336.22
Roland Pelt, Marianna 16 695.40
Raymond Jordan, Malone 19 786.67
Gra'dy Jordan. Malone 16 1002.46
Lcon Rowan, Greensboro 18 1922.45
Joe Cowen, Greensboro 16 441.18
Reginald McPherson, Greensboro 16 373.80
Joe Cantey, Havana 17 473.62
Charlie Ellis, Aucilla 16 422.13
Bill Norris, Jasper 20 1936.27
Adele Roberts. Bell 17 1566.80
C. I). Moore, Bell 18 2599.94
Elridge Hayes, Bradford (Starke) 18 1394.05
N. G. Hayes, Jr., Bradford 19 1827.77
Carroll Hall, Branford 15 508.60
Columbus Grinstead, Branford 18 569.55
J. D. Grinstead, Branford 16 924.75
Hansel C. Ross, Branford 16 443.86
Allen Sikes, Branford 17 814.37
Ralph Hines. Lake City 17 645.00
Donald Burch, Live Oak 16 1583.85
Cleo Hart, jr., Mayo 18 3173.4(1
Frank Kearce. Mason City 21 3612.68
Kenneth Wm Hillman, DeLand 17 631.23
Joc Hindery, DeLand 16 659.38
Raymond Hester. DeLand 18 1324.23
Thomas Sykes, Hawthorne 17 424.12
Raymond Stone, Jr., Ocala 18 847.25
Donald George. Ocala 17 1748.01
Bruce Smith, Ocala 19 1281.29
Gary Brown, Webster 17 1629.02
Oliver Andes. Sanford 15 1798.70
Aubrey Carruthers, Wildwood 18 2332.29
Carl Peavy, (Icoee 18 2545.4')
Archie McKendree, Dade City 15 1044.24
Elbert Jones, Ft. Meade 17 1142.77
Ronald Clomnger, Homestead 18 916.75
Tommy Dolar, Homestead 17 277.53
Hoty Loften, Homestead 17 608.85
Sam Torcise. Homestead 18 470.65
Leon Franklin Keen. Kathleen 19 730.00
Lemuel Sherouse, Kathleen 18 1200.16
Rob't J. Hargrove, Jr., L. Placid 17 1030.00
Marion Gibson. Largo 18 326.62
Lloyd P. Brantley, Bradenton 17 2076.51
Jimmy Hunt. Bradenton 17 1149.89
Herbert Sanders, Bradenton 17 516.80
Charles Humphries, Pahokee 17 296.43
Bernard Barnett Justice, Pahokee 16 556.00
James Sims, Pa'hokee 19 631.67
Thomas V. Core, Redland 16 953.40
Clifton Williams, Redland 17 504.13
Malcomb Guess, Sarasota 18 4770.30
Donald Roehr, Sarasota 19 1767.36
Adolf Hartel. Stuart 15 1054.70
George Kickeokerbo r, Stuart 17 587.48
LARGO CHAPTER had 150 present on April
22, 1948, for the father-and-son banquet.
MEMBERS of the Leesburg Chapter gave
a program in April for the local Lions
Forestry Awards Made
R. N. HOSKINS, Industrial Forester for the
Seaboard Airline Railway, announced the
awards at the State Convention for FFA,
members who had participated in the
forestry contest. The boys winning were
James Dobson, Sanderson, Ist
Stanley Deen, Bushnell, 2nd
Emory Mocbley, Macclenny, 3rd
Charles Boland, Chipley, 4th
These boys will be given a trip to
North Carolina in August where they will
study forestry along with other boys from
the various southeastern states who have
won similar awards.
Waring Wins Beef Prize
HOWELL WARING of Madison won first
place in the beef breeding contest
sponsored by the Florida Cattlemen's
association. He was awarded $1oo to
purchase a purebred bull or heifer of
any breed he chooses.
Additional prizes of $1o each were
awarded to the following boys: Gary
Brown of Webster, Elbert Jones of Ft.
Meade, Jack Sloan of Groveland, Glen
Robert Hargrove of Lake Placid, and
Glen Boyd of Ft. Pierce. The money
was used to apply on expenses to the
F.F.A. State Convention in Gainesville.
RICHARD HOWELL of Branford Chapter
won first place at the State Convention
at Gainesville in the harmonica contest
and was awarded a cash prize of Slo.
Tommy Dolar of Homestead won
second place and $8. Dolt Carter of
Pinecrest won third place and $7.
Lawrence Selph of Jennings Chapter won
fourth place and S5. Hayward Goolsbv
of Anthony won fifth place and $5.
Wayne Paul of Bonifay won sixth place
Trip to Kansas City
MAURICE EDWARDS of Starke Chapter won
first place and a prize of $100 for ex-
penses on a trip to the National Conven-
tion, F.F.A., at Kansas City in the feeder
steer contest sponsored by the Florida
The awards were based upon honors
won in the fat stock shows and upon the
project records. The second through the
sixth place winners received $1o each to
apply on expenses to the State Conven-
tion in Gainesville. These winners were:
Joe Cantey of Havana, Gene Norris of
Hastings, Pat Thomas of Quincy, James
Carter of Mason, and Frank McIntosh of
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1943
Maurice Edwards Tells About Steer
Which Won FSCA Prize for Him
By MAURICE EDWARDS
WHEN I STARTED with the steer, he was
five months old and weighed 450 pounds.
I bought a nurse cow and put him on
her and kept him on her until the show.
I purchased this purebred steer in April
1917, and kept him a year.I had a small
pasture for him'to graze on and a good
pasture for my nurse cow.
Part of the feed I charged against my
steer was given to my nurse cow. After
I sold my steer I sold the nurse cow for
When I sold my steer, he weighed 1140
pounds and brought me $1.15 per pound,
this being a total of $1311. I also re-
ceived S65 in prize money. I received
the Mayo Scholarship of $1oo amounting
to a total of Si1622.)5. The steer was the
Grand Chamnion FFA Steer at Ocala in
Some of the feed that I fed my champ-
ion steer was produced on the farm.
Examples are hay and corn which I had
cracked and fed. I expect to also rais"
the main part of mi, feed for the two
steers that I am fattening for next year.
I now have two more steers started for
the show next year. I hope to do as well
on them as I did this year. I also have
sixteen steers in my pasture which I am
going to put in the field and fatten them
on corn and velvet beans this fall.
Last year I had ten steers in the field
and on a good pasture and they brought
me a good price.
Howell Waring Reports on Herd
He Won Breeder Award With
By HOWELL WARING
I STARTED my herd in the winter of 1946
and 1947, when my father gave me five
registered polled Hereford heifers in pay-
ment for caring for his herd during the
Since that time, these heifers have had
seven calves. Four are still with their
mothers, one died at birth, one was
butchered because of a broken leg, and
! am feeding one that I plan to sell at a
breeder sale in June. The one that
broke his leg brought S152-45, in addition
to the hind quarter we kept for home use.
My cows have access to three hundred
acres of improved pasture, and are fed
during the winter. The pasture is made
up of plots of Paraguayan Bahia, Pensa-
cola Bahia, Common Bahia, Coastal Ber-
muda, Common Bermuda, Kentucky
Fescue 31. Hairy Indigo, Pangola and
Love Grass. During the winter, they are
fed a daily ration of Purina Cattle
Checkers in addition to the pasture. Last
winter, it cost me fifteen dollars per cow
for Checkers. I get the use of the pasture
by an agreement with my father, b-
which he gets one-half of the increase of
This year I planted eight acres of Dixie
18 corn. I plan to grind this corn and
use it next year to feed my cattle. In this
way, I expect to cut down the feeding
I am now fitting two young bull calves
for my father. We are going to enter
them in the Florida State Fair and the
Florida Hereford Show and Sale next
year, and then sell them at the Hereford
Sale. My father is furnishing the feed
and equipment, and I am caring for the
calves. When the calves are sold, I will
get one-third of the gross receipts.
Next year, I will be a senior in the
Madison High School. After I graduate
I am planning on going to an Agricul-
tural College, and then return to the
farm. On my farm, I am going in
strongly for raising Registered Polled
Beautification at Citra
THE CITRA FFA chapter, in cooperation
with the local PTA, have aided in their
school's beautification program by setting
out shrubbery around the school grounds.
The shrubbery was purchased by the PTA
and the I'FA boys took charge of planting
it and will care for it.
Quail for FFAs
THE GAME AND FRESH WATER FISH COM-
IrtssioN recently gave 2 o quail to mem-
bers of the Suwannee Chapter and too
quail to tne sanford Chapter. The birds
were distributed in pairs ready for
mating. These birds are to be placed in
woodlands throughout the county.
THE PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURE TEAM\ of
the Chipley Chapter recently gave a dem-
onstration on parliamentary procedure at
a meeting of the Chipley Woman's Club.
WEBSTER CHAPTER held a successful negro
minstrel on April 29, 1948.
SEPTEMBER 29 & 30
OCTOBER 1, 1948
FAT HOG SHOW & SALE
ALL-BREED SWINE SHOW
MARCH 1, 2, 3, 4, 1949
NINTH ANNUAL FAT
STOCK SHOW AND SALE
These dates have been set for these
outstanding events to be held in our
Show and Sale facilities in Ocala.
Other BREED ASSOCIATIONS
and LIVESTOCK PROMOTIONAL
GROUPS are cordially invited to
contact us to make plans and set
dates to hold their events here.
Show & Sale
I N C O R P O R A T E D
Breed with aRlecord
If it is PUREBRED bulls or females that
you are looking for-or, if it is bulls or
females for a COMMERCIAL HERD foun.
dation or addition write the Secretary of
this association for information We are
at your service the year 'round.
RFD Micanopy, Fla.
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
TI;ENTON won first place in the chapter
contest sponsored by the Chain Store
Council of Florida. In addition to re-
ceiving S25 in U. S. saving bonds. The
records of the chapter will be sent to
Washington to compete in the National
Chapter Contest. The cash award of $25
was in addition to a similar amount they
received as winners of District III.
In addition to winning in district com-
petition, Allentown Chapter won second
place in the State contest and an extra
award of S15; and Newberry Chapter won
third place and an extra award of 811.75.
The Chapters winning in the six dis-
tricts of Florida and the amounts of each
cf the awards were as follows:
Ponce de Leon
Ma on City
THE MOORE HAVEN
people present for
5.00 Saving Bonds
5.00 Saving Bond
5.00 Saving Bond
5.00 Saving Bond
CHAPTER had 140
their banquet in
Chilean Nitrate Awards
THE CHILEAN NITRATE Educational Bur-
eau gave awards to six Florida F.F.A.
members to help defray their expenses to
the National Convention in Kansas City
this fall. The recipients were: Coy
Creel, Allentown, Bill Norris, Jasper, Cleo
Hart, Jr., Mavo, Bruce Smith, Ocala,
Arc'-ie McK:'ndree. Dade City, Thomas
Vick Core, Redland.
Eovs receiving the e awards were out-
standing in their districts in leadership
and farming activities. The boys should
obtain valuable experience at Kansas City
which they can bring to Florida
FFAs Visit Havana
EIGHTEEN ITEMIIERS of the Ft. Myers Chap-
ter and their adviser, Joe Norfleet, en-
joyed a weekend jaunt in May to Havana,
Cuba. Part of the money for the trip
was made from crops grown on the land
laboratory, the chapter paying $30 for
each person going to Cuba.
State Adviser Summarizes Year's Work
(Continued from page 5)
H s'!,crnue/, Counts.
Th, Trenton and Bell FFA chap-
ters have purchased i,ooo bushels of
certified oats seed for farmers in the
two communities. The seed was pur-
chased from an outstanding farmer in
Barnesville, Georgia. The Newberry
Chapter purchased 2,ooo bushels of
certified oat seed for farmers in that
community. This is a very fine ex-
ample of community service activity
sponsored by an FFA chapter.
Approximately 40 representatives
from Florida attended the National
Convention in Kansas City. Louis AMu-
raro, Groveland Chapter, appeared
about five rimes on various National
Ccnvenrion programs to entertain dele-
gates from all over the United States
with his accordion music. Tie Belie
Glade and DeLand chapters were
awarded Gold Emblems for outstanding
work, and J. R. Davidson, Advisor of
1 e Belle Glade Chapter, had the Hon-
orary American Farmner Degree con-
ferred upon him.
Live Oak Chapter has the largest
membership in the State with 117 but
lias two advisors. The Vernon Chap-
ter has the largest membership of 102
members with one advisor.
Future Farmer entries at the Annual
Fat Ho, Shcw and Sale at Ocala total-
ed 86 head. weighing 23,010 pounds
and sold for a total price of '.- ;-, i;
Average price per pound was 27 1/c.
Sarasota chapter played host to the
American Brahman Breeders' Confer-
ence at a barbecue in Sarasota on Oc-
tober 3i. Fifty-seven Future Farmers
representing 13 chapters participated
ill a judging contest at Largo Guerl-
sey Cattle Show October 20.
The Tate Judging Team represent-
cd Florida in judging meats and beef
cattle at the National Convention and
won a bronze emblem in beef cattle
and honorable mention in judging of
cuts of meats.
Robert N. Hoskins, Honorary Flori-
da Farmer, was awarded the degree of
Honorary American Farmer at the Na-
The DeLand Rotary and Kiwanis
clubs and the Barnett National Bank
of DeLand sent six members of the
DeLand Chapter to the Kansas Cityi
THE STATE FFA committee voted to
award the State-initiated Project to the
Dade City Chapter. The amount of aid
was approximately .495 and was sup-
plemented by local funds in order to
begin construction and operation of
a concrete block plant.
A most successful forestry festival was
held in Macclenlny on November 28
with J. C. Crews, President, UniverYily
of Florida Student Body and former
member of the Macclenny chapter, as
Master of Ceremonies. The Macclenny
Future Farmer chapter contributed
very largely to the success of the day's
program through an exhibit and vari-
DECEMBER AND JANUARY
RICHARD RUTZ and Robert Lee of the
Redland Chapter and John Willis of
the Wimauma Chapter won awards in
the Junior National Vegetable Growers'
VinIaunma Chapter had a blue rib-
bon display of fruits and vegetables
at the Junior Agricultural Show at
James Mixon, American Farmer of
Bradenton, was selected as one of the
outstanding American Farmers in the
Nation and got his picture in the
American Magazine, January issue,
IVauchula chapter built pens for the
Hardee County Cattle Shlcw and Sale.
A-n FFA fat steer brought the top price
of 5oc per pound.
GOVERNOR CALDWELL proclaimed Feb-
ruary 21-28 as State Future Farmer
Week in conjunction vith the Nation-
al Future Farmer week. Many radio
broadcasts, special Future Farmer batn-
quet programs, news articles and other
events contributed to making this one
of the most successful Future Farmer
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
weeks in the history of Florida.
Future Farmer day at the Florida
State Fair at Tampa. with altproximate-
ly /1000 members present and 114 chap-
ters represented in the livestock ifudg-
ing contest, with our successful first
State Livestock Breeding Show, with
our poultry show'. and other events.
stainmedl this a one of the most suc-
cessful Future Farmer days we have
ever experienced. Winners in the I've-
stock judging contest at Tampa were
Anthony, first; and TVeirsdale, sec-
ond. For the hay and rain iudgin ,
Callahan was first, and Waulchrula wao
first in the judging of fruits and vege-
Thirteen chapters participated in the
judging contest during the Hereford
Breeders' Sale at Ocala, February 19-20.
Pinella Chapter was honored by hav-
ing A. T'. Tenny. National Evecul'ive
Secretary, as guest at their first annual
parent and son banquet.
Archie Kelly. Tr., of Bell. winner in
the Beef Breeding Contest, continued
his success bv winning several prizes
at the State Fair in Tampa.
Future Farmers, participating in
open class with adults at the State Fair
won $400.oo in awards on their l'il -
stock. In FFA competition the boys
won approximately S2ooo.oo in prizes.
The Second State Future Farmer ex-
ecutive officers meeting was held in
the B'ayview Hotel, Tampa, on Febru-
ary 6, 1948.
In the fourth annual Fat Cattle Show
at Qu'incy, February 9-11, Future Farm-
are from Gadsden and surrounding
counties exhibited 51 steers. Roycf.
Ward exhibited the grand champion
and Howard Shell the reserve chamnp-
ion. Both of these members were from
Walnut Hill chapter. Maxwce!l (;Goe
of Quincy chapter had the grand
champion pen of three and Joe Cantr'"
of Havana the grand champion carlo'
of o1. Twenty-five teams participated
in the FFA beef cattle judging conlcel.
Leesburg chapter cooperated with
the Junior Chamber of Commerce in
establishing a S200,000 forestry pro-
ject. The chapter planted i1o acres
of trees this year. Plans call for plant-
ing 1oo acres per year for a period of
MAURICE EDWARDS, Starke chapter, ex-
hibited the FFA grand champion steer
at Ocala. The stear weighed 1 14
pounds and sold for $S.15 per pound.
Forty-nine Future Farmers exhibited
51 animals at Ocala. The total live
weight of these animals was 38,867
pounds. The total selling price of the
animals was $16,939.77. The average
weight per animal was 762 pounds and
the average selling price was 43 cents
z-H AND FFA bovs bought 14 steers in the
Florida Aberdeen-Anius Breeders' Sale
at Ocala. Leroy Baldwin of Ocala and
Jerry Whitaker of Sebring won two
free steers. These s'eers are to be fat-
tened for the fat stock show next
The For! Mlyers Future Farmers co-
operatively produced tomatoes, cucum-
bers and fryers with a profit of S70o.
Twenty-four of the boys used this prof-
'it to apply on expenses for a trip to
Cummer Sons Cyoress Company gave
Levy County School Board 40 acres of
land for the exclusive use and profit
of the Chiefland FFA Forestry Project.
Lyle Porter, Palmetto Chapter, sold
a Brahman bull for 50oo at the South
Florida Brahman Sale in Arcadia.
The third State Meeting of the Fu-
lure Farmer Executive Committee was
lield in the P. K. Yonge School at
Gainesville on May 7 and 8. Plans
were outlined for the State Convention.
SINCE JUNE 1947, the State Association
1'as published five outstanding issues
of the Florida Future Farmer Maga-
zine. Local chapters have participated
in various local fairs and in many live-
stock field days. In each instance they
have lived up to the good qualities of
leadership that a future farmer should
One of the most outstanding accom-
plishments of the year has been in for-
estry work. The various chapters nave
planted approximately a million tre.s,
have 2,000 acres in school forests, have
constructed i80 miles of firelines, have
42,000 faces in gium farming operations,
have thinned 3,000 acres of trees, and
86/ of the teachers follow a systematic
program of instruction in forestry.
Formerly DAVE GORDON AND
COMPANY, hereby salutes all our
old friends under our new name.
Mr. Dave Gordon, having sold his
Interests, is no longer connected
with the firm, however, the same
management is pleased to greet you
all at the same location .
2nd Avenue at
OLD GOLD AND JEWELRY WANTED
All k:nds. Highest prices paid for jewelry,
rings, sp ctacles, go'd teeth, diamond, broken
and usable water's, etc. Cash mailed prompt-
v,. Write for FREE shipping container.
LOWE'S, Holland Bldg., St. Louis, Mo.
FRI00 FR'01 FR103*
Sterling Silver ... $ 3.00 S 3.50 52.00
10K Gold ........ 15.00 18.00 7.25
*Fu1nished in sizes only up to 91/
Prices subject to 20% Federal Tax and any State Tax in cff:ct.
PINS OR BUTTONS
Green Hand, bronze................ ..................... 25c, no Fed. Tax
Future Farmer Degree, silver plate......... .... .... .28, plus 20 c Fed. lax
BELTS BUCKLES TIE HOLDERS
Belt & Buckle, bronze or nickel finish................... $2.25, no Federal Tax
Tie Holder, gold plate............ ............... ..... $1.40, plus 20% Fed. Tax
All above prices subject to any State Tax in effect.
Write for Catalog
L. G. BALFOUR COMPANY
Official Jewelers for F.F.A.
I _____- --
Balanced Farming Program is
Objective of Mason City Boy
By G. W. POLHILL, JR.
Mason City, Florida
I BEGAN MY WORK in vocational agricul-
ture in 1943. My projects for that year
consisted of one hog and ten acres of
corn which I was to receive all profits.
My father agreed to furnish all equip-
ment and land. and to finance me during'
my first year. I was to furnish all labor
cn my projects with as little assistance as
possible from him.
My second year's project consisted of
ten acres of corn, five acres of peanuts,
one hog. and three acres of tobacco,
which I was to receive / o of all profits.
The other projects I was to receive all
profits and finance them as far as possible
from the first year's profits. There was
a good season that year for crops and
I cleared S131.50 on my corn, $35.60 on
peanuts, $9.50 on my hog for market,
and S1,206.25 on the tobacco, receiving
$120.62 for my 1/to share.
By my third year in vocational agricul-
ture I was beginning to take pride in
my agricultural work. The projects had
developed in me a sense of responsibility,
and security which every one should
strive to achieve. I have not regretted
the years I have spent in vocational
agriculture, for it has developed me into
a more all around independent person,
more so than any other course in high
In 1945-19!)16 my supervised farming
program consisted of three hogs, increased
from last year by two, corn, ten acres,
peanuts, five acres, and again I kept
records on three acres of tobacco which
I received i/io as my share. My profits
for that year were: hogs, $9.67; tobacco,
$1,483.38; (S148.38 was my share) corn,
$216.65: and peanuts, S380.6o. My total
profits for that year were increased on
the same amount of acreage, because I
had become more experienced with the
cultivation of crops and management and
because prices were higher on all crops.
Each year I have tried to attain a
better balanced farming program with
my father. In the year 1946-1947, I at-
tained my best farming program in voca-
By JOE CANTEY, JR.
IN THE YEAR of 1941-45 I entered my first
year of vocational agriculture. From the
very beginning, the agriculture teacher
started us on our enterprise. Later, we
found to our horror that we had to keep
records on the projects. After having
them explained by the teacher, we found
that they were not so hard after all if
you kept them up to date. That year
I raised fifty chickens for meat, along
with a quarter of an acre of truck crops.
In the truck crop I raised beans, lettuce,
tomatoes, and peas.
In 1945 I again enrolled in a class of
Vocational agriculture. This year I saw
more reason for record keeping. I start-
ed with two steers and one acre of pole
beans for a project. The steers were
selected from a herd of the A.S.T. Corpo-
ration with the help of the agriculture
teacher and my father. I had bad luck
for one of my steers died one month
before the show sale. With the other
steer I managed to make a small profit
by winning ninth place in Class B and
received forty-seven cents per pound.
The acre of beans was grown on halves
with a fellow member. On this project
we had the experience of building a
shade for the beans. We made a good
project but not up to our expectations.
Last year, due to a conflict of other
classes in school I could not enroll in a
class of vocational agriculture but I re-
mained as a member of the chapter.
This year with the help of the teacher, 1
managed to raise a steer and was able to
enter him in the show and sale. With
this steer I placed third in Class B and
received thirty-one and a half cents per
This year. which is my junior year in
high school, I was able to enroll again
in a class ol vocational agriculture. For
the year I have had eleven steers, fifty
chickens for meat, and I am growing one
acre of corn. The steers were grown with
the help of the company I bought them
from. They let me have the steers and
furnished the feed. When I sold the
steers, I paid for the animals and the
feed. I divided the steers into a car-lot
of ten and entered the other one as an
individual in the show and sale. The
car-lot of ten received first place and
Grand Champion while the individual
placed thirteen in Class B. For the car-
lot of ten, I received twenty-four cents
per pound and for the individual I re-
ceived fifty-five cents per pound. The
corn I am planting is entered in a corn
contest sponsored within the county.
tional agriculture. I was able to increase
my hogs to thirteen head, and to grow
ten acres of corn and five acres of peanuts.
In the place of tobacco for a money crop
I changed to acre of sweet potatoes
in which I could have complete owner-
ship. My profits for the year were: hogs
$173.35, corn $115.04, peanuts $316.1o,
and sweet potatoes S263.35. On an acre-
age basis all of my crops increased in
yield over previous years, and my sweet
potatoes made an extra high yield. I
had them on a piece of new ground and
used too pounds of commercial fertilizer,
and the season was excellent.
Not only was I able to attain a more
balanced farming program that year, but
i developed another quality of leadership
from my agricultural work, that of
"public speaking". I entered the public
speaking contest during the year 1946-
1947, and won second place in the state
F.F.A. contest. That year I was elected
to the office of vice-president of the
Mason Chapter, Future Farmers of
America. In 1945-1946 I was president
of the Mason Chapter and this year 1947-
1948 I hold the office of reporter.
From my agriculture work I have
learned to develop and appreciate the
qualities of good leadership. I have been
a member of five livestock judging teams
from Mason Chapter. In 1946-1947 I
was a member of the Hay, Grain, and
Forage judging team at the Tampa State
By LAWRENCE GRIMES
Walnut Hill, Florida
IN THE FALL Of 1945 I entered the Ernest
Ward High School as a freshman, and
began taking vocational agriculture. I
was elected to the Green Hand Degree in
the local chapter at Walnut Hill that
year. My project program was two acres
of corn for grain, one gilt, two acres of
Irish potatoes, and 200 chicks for fryers.
The corn made 70 bushels, and made me
a net profit of $56.75. I made 150
bushels of Irish potatoes, and a net profit
of $93.o1. The fryer project turned out
well and I made $65.54 profit. A S25
profit was made on the hog project. This
gave me a total profit for the year of
S240.39. In addition to these productive
enterprises, I carried out a program of
three improvement projects and five
supplementary farm jobs.
I enrolled in vocational agriculture
again in 1946, and was initiated into the
Chapter Farmer Degree soon after school
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
Livestock is Featured in FFA
Project of Havana Member
began. My project program for the year
was: three acres of corn for grain, two.
acres of cotton, and two hundred chicks
for fryers. This was not a good corn
year and I failed to do as well with this
enterprise as I did the year before. 1
planted a recommended variety of hybrid
corn which did not make well in this
section. Due to the high cost of feed, I
did not do as well with the fryers either.
My cotton made a good yield, and a fair
profit was made. I made a total profit
on this year's program of S133.50.
This year 1947-48 I am taking voca-
tional agriculture again, and have the
following supervised farming program:
seven acres of hybrid corn, five acres ot
cotton, and two beef animals. I planted
a variety of corn recommended by the
Alabama Experiment Station and to date
it looks well. The two beef animals
were purchased by Mr. Crawford Rain-
water of the Perdido Ranch and raised
on my home farm. He furnished all of
the feed, and my share was a percentage
of the profit made, which was $60. These
animals were hown at the Southeastern
Stock Show held in Ocala, Florida last
In addition to these productive enter-
prises, I am carrying out a program of
improvement projects and supplementary
farm jobs, including six acres of per-
manent pasture, draining land, and start-
ing a home fruit orchard.
I have served on the Chapter livestock
judging team for the past two years. Last
year we placed fourth in the state contest
at Tampa State Fair. I am serving as
treasurer of my local chapter this year.
My plans are to finish high school and
to attend the College of Agriculture at
the University of Florida.
(Continued from page 13)
tween countries. How can we under-
stand them when we know so little
about them? Our organization is tak-
ing a step toward a better relationship
with other countries in the future. Last
year we had some boys from England,
Canada and Burma as our guests at
the National convention. We had
'1eem here so that we might learn more
about their home country. This year
we will be honored by having some
boys from France as our guests. They
will be there throughout the convention
to meet with you and to exchange
ideas. The French Ambassador will
be there and deliver an address at one
session of the convention. We feel
that our association with these boys
will be a great step toward world
peace through better understanding of
I heard a story not long ago that
fairly well sums up what we are striv-
ing to do in the Future Farmers It
seem that one night a dad came in
from the field tired and weary. After
supper he wanted to read the news-
paper and rest a little, but he had a
little boy that wanted him to play
with him. The dad said no several
times but the boy was not to be put
off so easily. Finally the dad turned
ever to the back of the paper and
found a map of the world. He cut
out the map and made a puzzle of it
and gave it to the boy. He told him
that he would play with him when he
had assembled the puzzle so the ooy
went to work. It wasn't but just a
few minutes until the boy returned
and announced hat he had it put to-
gether. The dad could hardly believe
him because he had done it so quickly:
so he asked him how he had done it.
The boy replied, "On the back of the
map was a picture of a boy and I
knew that if I could build the boy
right, the world would come out right
in the end." That is just what we are
striving to do in the Future Farmers
of America "Build the boy right so
the world will come out right in the
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
Santiago (ABBA 17640), head herd sire on Clover Bar Ranch-
who will have two full brothers in this sale.
Announcing a Public Auction of
Monday, August 30, 1948
RAIN OR SHINE
We are selling Bulls, Calves, and Cows
CLOVER BAR RANCH
"Birthplace of Baby Snooks"
Gets Results as
LAST YEAR Miss Jeanette Zetrouer of
Micanopy graduated from the College of
Agriculture at the University of Florida
and was employed to teach a veterans
class in agriculture at High Springs. She
is among the few women teachers of agri-
culture in the United States. The class
had been organized by VW. H. Harrison
on July 1, 19'7 and Miss Zetrouer began
her work on August 15, 1947.
The class is composed of twenty-two
veterans who desire to become established
in farming. Class instruction covers a
two-hour period twice each week. The
major portion of the teacher's time is
on the farm with the veterans where in-
dividual planning and skills are taught.
Subjects or jobs taught to the class in-
clude soil conservation, crop rotation,
land utilization, selecting a farm, financ-
ing a farm business, establishing per-
manent pastures, improving livestock,
controlling plant diseases, controlling
animal diseases, producing food and feed
(rops, conserving food on the farm, and
manv other similar farm problems.
Miss Zetrouer has tried to get each
trainee to start a home library. Books
I-ave been secured by many of the class
imemberi, and free bulletins from various
sourcess have been obtained. She is try-
ing to have references include help for
the wives and their families on such topics
a, canning, cooking, poultry, home
gardens, flowers, and clothing.
It is impossible to measure all of the
results of teaching. There are some con-
crete results that can be stated as accom-
plishments of the various class members.
The following list includes a few of the
many accomplishments made since last
Constrtctin? 2 fences ............ 13
Repa'ring fences .............. 15
Building mineral boxes for live-
stock ...................... 11
Building pig pens .............. .1
Creep-leeders for pigs.......... 8
Building water troughs......... 9
Feeding tankage to hogs ........ lo
Feeding bonemeal and minerals
to hogs .................... 1.4
W forming hogs ................ 8
Using purebred male hogs ...... 9
Using purebred brood sows...... o
Constructing and using farrowing
houses ................... .
Purchasing milk cows. .......... 6
Purchasing range cattle .......... 4
Feeding a balanced ration to cows 6
Securing and raising dairy calves. 5
Miss Jeanette Zetrouer goes over the fine points of registered Aberdeen-Angus cattle
with members of the High Springs veterans' class in vocational agriculture. With
Miss Zetrouer are President TV. B. Perrin and B. C. Vickorv.
Increasing lome poultry flock...
Starting new cash enterprises ....
Building poultry houses and
Establishing temporary pastures.
Planting improved varieties of
Clearing additional land........
Stumping land ................
Planting No. 762 sugar cane....
Increasing the home orchard....
Purchasing of farm tractors. .....
Constructing barns ............
Installing running water and
kitchen sinks ...............
Installing electricity ...........
Remodeling the home ..........
Constructing farm trailers......
Conducting a live-at-home pro-
gram .................... 22
Keeping farm records ......... 2.
Constructing cattle gaps ........ 2
Raising turkeys for the first time 2
Establishing permanent pasture.. I
Miss Zetrouer enjoys her work and is
well liked by the members of the class.
She has demonstrated that a woman of
intelligence, tact, and industry can do
successfully what people thought a few
years ago was only the responsibility of
Miss Zetrouer has been interested in
beef cattle ever since childhood. She has
won many blue ribbons in livestock shows.
Her ambition is to develop Stardust
Ranch, near Micanopy, where she returns
for holidays and weekends, and where she
owns a herd of Aberdeen-Anaus cattle.
Vernon Shop is Popular With Veterans
By O. Z. REVELL
THE VERNON agricultural department
shop is being used to a great advantage
by the vet'ran-; enrolled. Upon the en-
rollment ol all traiil-es a copy of Bulletin
5 is worked up which shows a complete
analysis of all shop jobs that need to b',
constructed or repaired on their home
farm during the next twelve months.
From this shop analysis the instructors
upon their visits to the trainees' farms
each week assist them in the analyzing
of needed materials in order that the
construction and repair jobs may be suc-
cessfully completed at once.
All veteran trainees are given two two-
hour shop periods each month, thereby
permitting them to bring projects they
need to construct or repair. During th2
actual shop period all trainees are in-
structed by their instructor in the correc,
procedure to follow in order to construct
or repair all shop items. Some of the
major shop items constructed or repaired
are as follows: repair of farm tractors
and tractor equipment, steel beams,
straight stocks, trucks and wagons, plant-
ers and distributors, cultivating plows,
When a veteran has completed his train-
ing, he should be capable of successfully
doing the needed shop jobs on his farm.
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
TWENTY HERNANDO county veterans study-
ing under the Vocational Agricultural
Training program have organized an as-
sociation for the general purpose of pro-
moting improvement of farm life and
social activities within their communities.
The new group will be known as the
Veterans Farmer's Association and will
meet weekly. Officers elected were Frank
Voscinar, president, John Alexsuk, vice
president, Ed Sofranko, secretary-treas-
urer, and Donald Fatic, Jr., publicity
director. Advisors for the group are
George Talbott, instructor for the vet-
erans' classes, and Jim Lane, supervisor
of the veterans' agricultural program in
FIRST MAN to receive a certificate as citrus
culturist from the On the Farm training
program at Bartow is Leslie J. Woodard
of Lakeland, who after service in the
Army was entitled to 19 months training.
Woodard will become a grove foreman
for the Stewart Packing Co. at Auburn-
dale. He was enrolled in one of the
three schools now offering veterans' train-
ing in Polk county.
Deland Shop is
Fitted to Needs
By H. L. FAGAN
A VETERANS' PROGRAM with over 150 en-
rollees, combined with the regular voca-
tional agriculture program for Future
Farmers. has brought the school farm
shop into a new meaning at Deland.
The program in farm shop at Deland
is centered around a definite course of
study, demonstrations and skill tests, for
the purpose of meeting many needs of
Separate programs of instruction are
provided for the veterans and for high
school students. Large charts setting
forth the complete program of shop in-
struction for each group are posted in
the shop and each person is checked as
he completes the various tests for the
shop skills noted in the course of in-
struction. These programs or courses of
instruction are based on the community
farm program and are planned to meet
the ordinary run of farm repair work in
the Deland area. It has been found that
these charts serve as a real stimulus to
both veterans and regular agriculture
students because they can see their com-
Veterans of Hillsborough county placed this exhibit in the Rushin Tomato Festival
April 28-May i. Judges awarded 'it second place. Pictured is Melba Hill, Lithia,
admiring the exhibit.
parative progress in acquiring shop skills.
In order to meet these needs it was
found advisable to make a complete study
of the shop layout and to arrange
machines and working stations in order
that groups of 20 or more could be
assigned to work at the same time with-
out having a group of watchers or idlers
waiting their turn.
All machines are secured in place with
electric nmtors grounded to prevent
shock and machines are fully equipped
with individual lights and safety devices.
Danger areas around all machines are
painted red. Safety is emphasized in
The shop is divided into areas for
various kinds of work and each area
equipped for that type of work with
separate tool boards. Divisions of the
shop are woodworking, painting, cement
work, metal work, welding, machine
repair, electric work, greasing and
Repair and construction of farm equip-
ment is encouraged and is one of the
major uses of the Deland farm shop.
Regular periods are scheduled for this
work but arrangements can always be
made for emergency repairs.
By THORAL D. JONES Trainee, Alachua
THE CLASS at Alachua had been organized
a year before steps were taken to form a
co-op. The teacher at that time, Charles
Remington, taught us the principles of
cooperative buying and each class mem-
ber expressed interest in actually putting
some of the principles into practice.
An inquiry was made of the seven
other veteran classes in Alachua county
to see if they were interested in forming
a co-op. Each class expressed interest.
They were then asked to elect two men
to meet and establish policies. Fourteen
directors met and elected the following
officers: President, Clifton Spencer, Ala-
chua: vice president, Alva D. McLarty,
Newberry; and secretary-treasurer, Thoral
D. Jones, Alachua.
A lawyer was employed to assist in
writing the policies and application for
the charter. The charter was granted by
the Secretary of State.
Our first efforts, on a cooperative basis,
was a group purchase of truck, tractor,
and automobile tires at a saving to
members of 25 to o4 per cent. Later
bids were secured on 300 tons of fertilizer
from eight companies. The saving on
this purchase was approximately S8.oo
per ton or a total of 52400.
Cooperative buying has also included
seed, feed, and insecticides, and each
purchase has saved money for the mem-
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
Alachua, Williston, Poplar Springs have
Successful Cooperative Activities
At the present time we are planning
to change our purchasing methods, buy-
ing directly from companies who agree
to bid prices. Each member is pledged
to purchase additional shares of common
stock in our co-op in order that we may
build or rent a warehouse. This is
needed for any group purchase we care
In the organization of our co-op we
have discovered a great deal of talent and
leadership that we did not know existed.
The spirit of cooperation is proving to
be of great value to us in many ways
other than financial. We have made
some progress in our cooperative efforts,
but we are not stopping-we are just
beginning to work.
By GRANT M. GODWIN
Poplar Springs, Florida
MANY PEOPLE believe that cooperative
efforts in buying and selling is the key
to succe'- of the American farmer. The
trainees in a veterans agricultural class
have a great opportunity to start the
needed program of farm cooperation.
From a class the spirit of cooperation
nma ca'i'v spread so that eventually all
farmers in the United States may reap
MeR-ber'; of the three Poplar Springs
veterans classes started the practice of
cooperation by purchasing fertilizer.
They purchased 30o tons of fertilizer.
Purchases were also made of nitrate of
soda and muriate of potash, items hard
to find on the local market.
Other cooperative buying activities en-
gaged in by members of the three classes
1. The purchase of 24,900 pounds of
2. The purchase of 3,750 pounds of
3. The purchase of 28 bushels of corn
4. The purchase of 200 pounds of mis-
cellaneous farm seeds (peas, mil-
5. The purchase of 2,ooo pounds of
mineral supplement for livestock.
Members of the three classes are now
in the process of obtaining a charter so
they can legally operate as a co-op.
By ALVIN E. MIKELL
THE VETERANS agricultural class of Willis-
ten H gh School has found cooperative
buying to be practical and profitable.
In January of 1948 several seed com-
panies were contacted concerning the
wholesale purchase of watermelon seed.
All veterans came together, with several
The Need for Farmer Cooperatives
By J. D. WOOTEN
DeFuniak Springs, Florida
MODERN FARMING must be conducted along lines of sound business principles
in order that farmers may enjoy the present necessities of life. Other business
enterprises buy wholesale and sell retail, while farmers are expected to buy
retail and sell wholesale, adding enough overtime and extra sweat to make
ends meet somehow.
Some few farmers have grown big enough to buy in semi-wholesale
markets and sell in preferred retail markets, but the average farmer, which
includes practically all our veteran agriculture trainees, does not have the
time, finance, nor business experience to attain these favorable ends. He
must both buy and sell at the other fellow's prices. Economically, he is
not even half free.
Many tribulations and hard times have taught American farmers in almost
all sections of our great nation that there is strength in unity, and that they
can help themselves and other farmers by joining farmers cooperatives to
secure highest quality production supplies at the lowest possible cost and to
enable them to get highest possible prices for their farm products sold. A
fact worth noting here is that in our most prosperous farming sections are
found our largest and most active farmers cooperatives.
General farmers in Florida are fast awaking themselves to the need of
an acti\c farmers cooperative in each trade area. In some areas the Farm
Union and other active farm organizations have taken the lead in the
establishment of farmers cooperatives. In many areas the most active farm
organizations are the veteran agriculture classes and the community agri-
culture clubs sponsored by these classes. Here the obligations and oppor-
tunity falls to these groups.
The study of farm organizations is a definite part of the veteran agricul-
ture program. The test of this program is, "Does it get results?" If there
are other farm organizations and agencies in your community which are
genuinely interested in the establishment of a farmers cooperative, by all
means work closely with them as long as real progress is being made in the
right direction. Even if you cannot secure the expected cooperation from
thee agencies it may still be possible for your groups to establish a successful
farmers cooperative. In that case the fight will be doubly hard, but it can
and has been done. The victory is worth the battle.
With many of our trainees the maintenance of an economic unit depends
upon their securing production supplies for less and receiving more for farm
products marketed. The time to do something about this is while the
program is young and strong. Each teacher owes his class such guidance
and leadership as he can offer in this endeavor.
The following suggestions may be of some value to you in this work:
1. Conduct several discussions meetings with your class, other classes and
other farmers. Farmers cooperatives thrive on truth and understanding.
2. Conduct a survey to determine:
a. If enough farmers feel the need of the cooperative.
b. If enough farmers will patronize the business to insure sufficient
volume for efficient business operation.
c. If enough capital can be raised.
3. If your survey shows at least 150% of minimum on each part, then lose
no time in following through with:
a. A temporary organization including both veteran and non-veteran
b. Incorporation under State laws.
c. Membership and finance campaigns.
d. Securing the best possible manager.
e. Getting into operation as quickly as feasible.
When your doors are open for business most farmer skepticism disappears.
When your Co-op has been in business for a year or two it will usually be
accepted as the loyal local business it is, with the horrible red tentacles
vanishing into the realm of imagination from which they came.
local farmers, and an order of several
hundred pounds of treated and state
certified watermelon seed were purchased
at a reduction of fifty cents per pound.
In the spring several hundred pounds
of sweet corn seed were purchased at
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
When time came to purchase fertilizer,
several local farmers joined with the clas.
;:nd over one hundred tons of high grade
fertilizer were purchased at a saving of
approximately five dollars per ton.
Since cooperative buying has been
found to be highly profitable and prac-
tical, more interest has been evidenced
by the class and local farmers for con-
tinued work in this field. A planned
program for cooperative buying, and per-
haps selling, is being worked out at the
present time. It is hoped that a per-
manent organization will be the final
Home Milk Supply
Is Important to
Live Oak Veterans
By R. T. MILLER
Live Oak, Florida
I ANY OF THE YOUNG from the animal fam-
ily have to be fed on milk. When the
source of supply from the human mother
failed a new source had to be obtained.
Man selected the cow for this purpose
and began a program of breeding and
selection that gave us an abundant
In the veterans class the question was
often asked: "Where may I obtain a
cow?" The members of the class adopted
an objective of two milk cows per family.
On December 18, 1946 the writer made
a trip to a number of dairies in Duval
County to see if baby calves could be
obtained. A plan was adopted to obtain
heifer calves as they were born. To date
g13 calves have been secured and 118 of
them are living.
In raising these calves the followinF
plans have been followed:
a. Using nurse cows
b. Feeding milk obtained from other
Where the second method was follow-
ed the calves were given one quart of
milk twice daily for the first three weeks.
After that they were given a teacup of
"Calf Manna" for a period of ninety
days. The calves were thereafter placed
on a good pasture and given two to three
pounds of grain at night.
Members ol the class have found b1"
experience that good patures are essential
if calves are to be raised economically.
They are anxinus to establish permanent,
pastures for this purpose as well as
providing temporary pastures.
The total estimated value of the ili
heifers today is S7,o8o. Several of the
first calves secured were bred too early
and now are milking.
It is believed that the families of our
Charles II'. Hennings and eight-molths-old liaind-raised heifers. Hennings is a member
of the Live Oah veterans class under R. T. Miller.
Alachua Veterans Raise Dairy Calves
As Projects Under Training Program
By EDWIN B. TURLINGTON
THE ALAC:HUA VETERANS class in agricul-
ture was started in May 1946. One of
the big needs of the farmer trainees was
a dependable source of milk. Only about
half of the men had any milk for home
use, the most of them preferring to buy
a quart per day instead of keeping a cow
and enjoying plenty of milk and butter.
Plans were made in the fall of 1946 to
-- -- -
Dr. Carver of the U.S.D.A. and
HaiIIm, Live Oah, owner of the
are shown making Bang's tests.
class members will soon have an ad-
quate supply of milk, cream. and buttc.
The health of these families should be
thereby improved. Each family is proud
of these cows and is taking pride in the
care and ownership of them.
purchase calves, suckle them on nurse
cows for two months, and then have
them ready for spring pa ture. Calves
were purchased from dairymen, usually
at S5.oo to SS.oo, depending upon the
breeding. Most of the calves are Guern-
sey, Jersey, or a cross of the two breeds.
In all, various members of the class
purchased 57 different dairy calves.
The calves were wormed with pheno-
thyzine because those so treated had
shown a decided advantage. The worm-
ing of calves is now on a regular
schedule. The calves and heifers have
been treated for bangs disease. Other
troubles so far experienced include lice,
pneumonia, and blackleg. We have
found that pneumonia losses can be
prevented by keeping calves out of cold
winter rains, that vaccinationn is necessary
for blackleg, and that DDT (water sus-
pension) can be applied for lice by using
a sprayer or a cloth that is dipped in
the solution and used to wipe the calf.
The calves first purchased in 1946 are
now ready to drop their first calves.
Many of the others are now of breeding
age. Plans are being made to obtain ai
Guernsey bull for use in the community.
We plan to breed the heifers when they
are 4i to 16 months of age.
Trainees are very glad that they will
soon have a supply of milk for the home.
They have learned that raising dairy
heifers can be a profitable business.
Farmers and dairymen will always need
replacements in their herds, and young
farmers could easily find a ready market
for all the fresh cows they can raise.
The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1948
you finish college
Are You Going to Do?
Are You Going to Be?
Have You Considered FOOD RETAILING?
Food retailing offers you employment in one of the largest, most stable industries of our country. Work in pleasant
surroundings, with alert, progressive people. Food retailing is not monotonous; new scenes and situations develop
All jobs in retailing are not behind the counter. There are department heads, supervisors, assistant managers,
managers, buyers and other jobs which offer unusual opportunity to those fitted and trained to fill them.
If you are interested in making your success in Food Retailing write or apply to Personnel Manager of
WINN & LOVETT GROCERY CO.
Beaver & Barnett Streets Jacksonville, Florida
. I know now's a good time to
continue building my backlog of
U. S. Security Bonds
"Now is the best time for a long
"So I'm looking beyond today's
high income to the time when
things may drop off a bit...or
more than a bit.
"I'll be ready. A good part of
my extra income today is going
regularly into U. S. Savings Bonds.
"They pay $4 at maturity for
every $3 invested...that seems a
mighty good return, when you fig-
ure that the U. S. Government's
behind the deal!
"I'll have funds later to buy
land at prices I want to pay.
There'll be money, too, for home
improvements... for a complete
college schooling for my young-
sters...and for enjoying my own
later years ... And it's good to
know I'm doing the best thing for
my country as well as myself!"
Ask your Bank about the new Bond-a-Month Plan.