BERMUDA COMMERCIAL AND GENERAL ADVERTISER AND RECORDER.
No. 38 Vol I. STATE SUPER VIAS ANTIQUE, 24s. per Ann.
SIAusilon.. Bermnda, Tses ^phs0b:,' I7'.
k -- -n y ~ w W i ~ i. a > fi ^ -- ^ ~ s ^ x ^ ^ t ^ ^ ^ .a ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ._ ^ a ^
THE H6Q iPHOL, -
IIITIIRIITO UNDER THEil AUSPICES
I/ OF Ti E
' NBTIOIZAL Ao OOZuTrZON,
T. s D*. V. S.
IT WILL. BBE li'-OPENED)
ON MONDA Y,
The 9th In tant.
The rate of tuition is lu v, and it shall be
rnadoknown on applicaii n to the Principal.
Great care shall be taken to give full stitifac'-
tion to all.
The Patronage of the Publie is respectfully
T. T. DAVIS,
Ilamjiton, Septembet 2nd, 1878.
TIIllS is a very beautiful place. Is situated
at the junction of the roads at the Flatts,
,an& is known as Palmetto Grove." Is within
twenty minutes drive of Hamilton, and quite
.near the Walsingham Caves. It borders on the
beautiful sheet of water, llarrington Sound, a
famous place for sea bathing.
The Proprietor has a Boat on the Pond for
pleasure trips on the ,ound and other waters.
He will be pleased to accommodate Lady and
Gentlemen Boarders on very reasonable terms.
JOHN T. PENISTON,
September 3, 1878.
rill E Undersigned having opened a SA I I.-
MAKING I-STABLISilMIENT over the
Store of MR. iILL, West Front Street, Ilam-
ilton, respectfully offers his services to the Pub-
lic of Bermuda, and hopes by strict attention to
Business to merit a share of Patronage.
Hlamilto;:, September 2nd, 1878. -2
IFlOR a large Grey G 0 A T, as
one has been found astray in this Town
and has been in the possession of the Advertiser
for the past eight days, has been fed and taken
The Owner will hear of her whereabouts on
application at this Office after paying for this
Advertisement and remunerating the finder.
Hamilton, Sept. 3rd, 1878.
Hellmuth Ladies College,
Incorporated A. D. 1860,
Under the supervision of BIIsHOP IHELLMUTH.
Of sound Protestant and Evangelical
OFFERS GREAT FACILITIES FOR A THOROUGH
TERM begins September 18th.
CHARGES, $350 per annum.
For Prospectus, &c., apply to
Rev. JAMES HILL, M.A.,
Principall. 1I. C.,
32 South Street, Halifax, N.S.
Bermuda, 12th August, 1878.
Sec descriptive Circular at this Office.
-o us s,
8 HOR3 C1!-SES
1 DR.dY, I Sliding Seat Caleche
1'Single Caleche CARRIAGE,
Convertible as a Double.
Thit well-known fast Trotting Gray Mare
With Single HAIRNISS,
BUGGY CARRIAGE, complete.
July 22, 1878.
C' CRA W1, E Y,
OPEN TO ALL.
TO consist of HORSE RACING,
-- IONKX Y RACING, FOOT RACING,
&c., to take place in a Field at the East End
uf Southampton, on South Side, near War vick
On the 26t in st.,
Under the following IRegulations-viz. :
Entrance Fee for a Horse 10/ ; for a Donkey 5/.
The first Race to be a GALLOPING RA E
of One Mile heats, the best two out of three.
First Prize 4 0 0
-econd Do. 2 0 0
Third Do. save Stake 0 10 0
The second to be a TROTTING RACE of
Half .\lile heats, best two out of three.
First Prize 2 0 0
Second Do. 1 0 0
Third D)o. save Stake 0 10 0
The third to beo a IDONKEY RACE of H1alff
.Vile heats, the best two out of three.
First Prize 1 I 0
Second Do. 0 10 0
Third l)o. save 'take 0 5 0
N.H.-Last in to win First I rize.
Entrance for Foot Racing 2/. Prizes will be
decided by the Jud le.- at their stand before
All entrances of Horses and Donkeys to be
made to the Secretary between the 18th and
'The Course will be open for practice from the
11 h to the 21st instant, then to be closed until
day of RIaces.
All'applications for Stands to be made to the
Secretary on the premises. Priee of Stands in
the Field 8/.
In all of the above Races it must be understood
th(re must be thiee competitors or no race. All
riders must, appear in Jockey Dresses,
J. B. WILSON Judges.
WM. H. SIMMONS, Jues.
S. R. BEAN, 1
SAMUEL SIMONS, -
R. SIMONS, Commi
JOHN J. SIMMONS, |
WM. fl. SIMMONS, J
- JOHN N. 11ASCOME, Clerk oj
G. B. FUIBLEIR, Secretargq.
Southampton, Sept. 2nd, 1878.
N.B.-The first Race will start precisely at
A Band of Muice will be on the Field.
. | 6,000 Bushels
1Hard Stone Lime.
SflIHt. -Wub)criber be>s to inform his old Pa-
rons and the Public that he is again in
Market with a supply of the Best Wood-burnt
LI l which he is prepared to deliver as for-
THAD DEUS TROTT.
Smiths Parish, August 26th, 1878.-3
Fresh Garden Seeds.
1rFH ,SUBSCRIBERt has received his An-
iual supply of Seeds, Viz:-
CABI AGE-Green Glazed, Ox Heart, East
I am, York, and \\ heelers Imperial
CAR -OT-Early tHorn, Long Orange, and
LET''UCE-White Cos, Drumhead, Curled
Sile.sin, and Tennis Ball
MAN t L-Long Red
RADISI--Long Red, Mixed Turnip
TOMATO-Large Red Smooth
TURNIP-Red Top, White Globe, Purple
Top, Swedish White Top.
C. H. ROBINSON.
No. 45 Front St., Hamilton.
'H1 Undersigned requests that all Persons
Shaiing received their ACCOUNTS from
him to 31st May ultitno, will please arrange
The, Subscriber begs to acquaint some of
those hat have allowed their Accounts to re-
main qunsettled for a length of time, that the
next reminder they receive will be from a legal
F. W. VOSSMER.
Reid St., Hamilton, June 3rd, 1878.
Pitch Pine Luinber.
The Undersigned has Received a
very Choice CA RGO ofd
Ex Schr. l Rockie E. Yates"
From Jacksonville, Florida,
Consisting of the usual assortment of
DRE)ISSED FLOORING-1 & li x 6;,
DRESS PLANK, Square edge-1 & 1& x i2,
SCANT LING of various sizes.
ic- TIERIMS LOW FOR CA-SH.
S. S. INGHIM.
22nd July, 1878.
Bermuda made Soap.
rI Hl'E Subscriber having procured the Ser-
vicesofMR. IKDWAV)D LIGilTHOURN,
who has had long experience in the making of
S(OAP, is p:t pared to Supply the alove nmuned
C. iL. IROBINSON.
45 Front Street, 8lamilton, ?
August 20th, 187,.
The Bermuda Ci-
j HE Undersigned having received a lot of
HAVANA TOBACCO via New York
And will be pleased] to .-iipply p parties requir-
ing same. Quality uarri ceil and no Cabbage.
The Subscriber is Wjilli,. t, t ive,. Instructions
in CIGAR MAKING to one or two Young
Men who are desirous orf :;a in themselves,
generally useful at the busaiur. I'erms made
known on application to
. : ,.JVCHEZ.
llamilton, June 18th, 1878.
14 Queen Street,H Hamilton,
Between the Stores of Messrs. F. A.
WHITE & E. I. JONES.
Dealer in PAINTS, OILS, VARNISIHES,
GLASS, PUTTY, BRUSUlEI,
July 15, 1878.-12 m.
ON Thursday the first instant, in the Town
S of i lamilton between the residences of D)r.
, Smith and Mr. John If. Jackson,
.4 Ladies Gold LOCKET,
VWith a small Gold Chain attached.
Any Person having found the same will be
Rewarded on leaving the said Locket and
Chainwat the Royal Gazette" Office.
August 12th, 1878.
A respectable Lady or Gentleman can Rent
Sa fine large Airy BEDROOM (furnished
or unfurnished) with access to Drawing Room.
Also, the use of the Furniture in the Drawing
Room'; the use of Stove in Kitchen, or a se-
parate Kitchen and Dining Room-with a private
Family in a pleasantly Situated Dwelling, about
twenty minutes walk on the Pitt's Bay Boad.
For further Particulars apply at the Royal
I lanilton, 30th July, 1878~
Defaced Postage Stamps.
PERSONS having any of the POSTAGE
P wSTAMPi' as below described, will hear
of a Purchaser on application at the Bermuda
1, Royal-Gazetto" Office.
Issue of 1850-Circular-different colors,
/ different values.
2nd Issue of 1850-Rectangular.
Issue of 1856-Oblong.
ST. LucIA-1859--Green au.d Blue
TIINIDAD-for 1854-6-8-different colors bear-
iag no value.
BARBADOES AND JAMAICA.-5/ Stamps.
ST. DOMIAGO Stamps for 1862-5, 1874.
BRITISH I oNDURAS-
ST. THOMAS-Orange and Chocolate color
Eight Pence each.
1aveors c4 Carpenter's SPELL
At the Royal Gazette" Stationery Store.
Hamilton, July 30th, 1878.
United States AMail Steamers.
Colonial Secretary's Office,
2ND SEPTEMBER, 1878.
HE following ACTS have been passed by
the Legislature of Bermuda during the
present Session, viz.:-
No. 11-AnAct to continue the Vagrant Act,
12--An Act, to confirm ferta n.in Orrnnnes off /
S- .. -.-. the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council
S... of the Town of Hamilton.
CALL JN \ T I' EEN :OW' N, 13-An Act for the protection of Cedar Trees.
LE \V N'E YO" 1K 14-An Act to amend and continue the Act
SV..- .- for the payment of Medical Witnesses,
': 15--An Act to continue and amend the Regis-
" tration Acts.
\\ YOMING sails August 27, at4 p.m. .
NEVADA sails Sept. 3, at 10 a m. By His Ecelency's Command,
'if N'NTANA sails )ept. 10, at 3 p.m. R, E. WEBSTER,
V'ISCO()N.IN sails Sept. 17, at 9 a.m. 3 Colonial Secretary.
NWYOM]ING sails Oct. !, at 9 a.m. -- --..- --
NE:VADA sails Oct. 8, at 3 p.m. AO ti"
The above Steamers are built expressly for
the Trade, have five watertight bulkheads, and
carry experienced Offlicc's, Siurgeons and Stec T E CAUSEWAY BRIDGE near the Wes-
ar,'esses. The Saloon Accommodations are un- tern terminus of the Causeway now un-
surpassed by any 1tlantic Steamers, and the I dergoing certain REPAIRS and ALTERATI-
State Rooms are on main deck openin'into the 1 ONS.
Faloon, this securing that great comfort in The Public is hereby notified that from and
ocean travel, perf c! r; ftiltation and light. after the 6th instant, and until further notice,
Smoking Room, ,Iati' Room and liano on a portion of the Bridge will be taken up and
each Steamer. the Carriage way reduced in width to about
The U. S. .:aoi Staer 'ima' from Her nine feet, or thereabouts.
mude, Thursdays, generallyy arrives at New York Persons travelling on the Causeway Road
on ,on,],', and passengers bngae can re.again requested to drive slowly over this
transferred direct to the Liverpool Steamer sail-
ing next day. the Lirpl Stame l- HILIP NESS,
1V ILLIA MS & 0GULON, Hamilton, 3rd August, 1878.ColonialSurvqr.
29 5roadway,New York.
New York, August 15, 1878. S I
VW A1 In aU 19-M % ftA& AM
To all whom it may Concern.
TRHE Undersigned intending to
Close Business, r. spectfully requests all
Person who are Indebted to him to pay their
respective Amounts on or before the 31st of
May next. All unsettled Accounts after that
date, unless satisfactory arrangement be inrda
for the s me, WILL, WITliOUT FAlL, be
placed in legal hands for colleeriiu.
All Accounts against the Sull) riber are re-
quested to be rendered not liter than 1st of
June, for adjusbneint.
Bi E S~i UDA P..1' J JC purchased
throughout the Season, at Market prices.
JOHN 11 \ I NE TT.
Hamilton, 9th April, 1878.
., 0,.7A T I
Steam .Marble Gran-
N A 3 F x,
Argyle Street, opposite St. Paul's Church.
11 ONUIENTs, IlADSTONES
ea Tomb TA liJ TS
Grave MlARKS in polished Granite or 1I rble
Marble .Mlantel Register Grt.ATES, &c., &,c.
GEORGIE A SANFORD),
Designs and Prices miv be obtained from
W. '. JAMES, Esqr., Front St., Hlamilton.,
0 "" b o 0
jorth of rinity Church,
ON -il- BEONO
HAYZL TON, BEEUHL)
N_-i" 't m
Wholesale and lRetail Dealer in
English and American Preserved
No-. 10 and 12 Queen Street,
N. B.-Ships' Stores Supplied at Lowest
February 18th, 1878.;-1U mn
., 0. F. AS AME
REID STREET, HAMILTON, EAST,
Has Received a supply, of the fol-
FOR THE TEETH
Pi't up by the weli known Dentists Messrs. GA
BRIEIL, Ludgate Hill, London.
SE)DA)ENT, or Cure for Toothache
COR A LITE TOOTH PASTE, for Cleansing
and Improving the Teeth
ROYAL D)ENTIFRICE, gives the Teeth a
WIl ITE GUITA PIE RItCHA ENAMEL, for
Stopping decayed Teeth
OS'i E O-EN AM EL STOPPING, warranted to
remain white and firm as the Tooth itself
01))NTALOQUE ELIXIR, -- celebrate
ilamilton, March 26th, 1877.
Near the Government Stores, Hamilton.
Mr. MA. S
29th July, 1878.
*~~~ .st^ mglsH_
the 1-7,d`c: lire
ATU RM'U.DA ROYAL GAZE'iT
EX TRA'.T from M .ET .'OLO rICA OBSER-
VATION S t:.ifn under the direction.of the Principal
Medical Officer, Prospect, Bermuda. Above the sea
Total Rainfall for the Month of August, 1878...8-02 In.
S August, 1877...919 In.
Aug -.* In
Hamilton, September 10, 1878.
Proceedings of the Honorable Leg-
Friday, 6th September, 1878.-Pursuant to ad-
journment the House met.
Present-His Honor Josiah Rees, Chief Justice,
The Honorable William H. Gosling,
James H. Trimingham,
t" Joseph H. Harvey,
James Tucker, Recr. Genl.,
-Randal E. Webster, Colonial
The Bill entitled An Act to continue the Acts
providing for the collection of the Revenu%," was
read the second time,
The House went into Committee thereon.
The Hon. W. H. Gosling in the Chair.
The Committee rose.
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Bill without amend-
The House adopted the Report.
Adjourned to Tuesday next, the 10th instant, at
Abstract of the Proceedings of the Honorable
House of Assembly.
Friday, 6th September.-On motion of Mr. Har-
vey the Petition of certain Pilots for an increase of
Pilotage Rates, was read and committed.
Mr. J. W. Pearman in the Chair.
Mr. Harvey moved that the prayer of the Peti-
tion be granted and a Bill be brought in to amend
the Pilotage Acts-which was agreed to.
The House resumed and adopted the Resolution
of the committee.
The Bill to prevent fraud in the shipment of Pro-
duce was again committed.
Mr. Cooper in the Chair.
Mr. Wadson moved.a clause as No. 8 authoriz-
ing the Inspector to detain all packages not mark-
ed under the provisions of the Act.
Mr. N. J. Darrell moved an amendment, that all
packages on their way to be shipped not being
marked shall be seized and detained by the Con-
stable of the Parish until marked, &c.-which was
Ayes 5 Nays 20.
Mr. Speaker moved to substitute another clause
for the proposed clause 8-which was agreed to.
Mr. Speaker moved a clause as No. 9-which
was agreed to.
Mr. N. J Darrell moved a clause as No. 10-
which was agreed to.
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Bill with the sever-
The Bill on motion was recommitted for general
Mr. Cooper in the Chair.
Mr. C. Peniston moved an amendment to the 2nd
clause-which was agreed to.
Mr. Wilkinson moved that the blank in the 3rd
clause be filled up 10-which was agreed to.
Mr. Wilkinson moved that the salary of the In-
spector lor the port of Hamilton be 80 for 4
Mr. W, J. Frith moved that it be 60 for that
The Committee divided.
Ayes 12. Nays 12.
The Chairmrn gave the casting vote for Mr.
Frith's motion so it was affirmed.
Mr. Wadson moved that the salary of the In-
spector for the port of St. George's be 20 for that
time-which was agreed to.
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Bill with further a-
mendments; and it was adopted.
Ayes 19-Messrs. F M Cooper, R J P Darrell, N
J Darrell, A J Frith, S B Gray, E H Gosling, S A
Harvey, H G Hunt, J Harnett, S A Masters, T W
Mercer, S C Outerbridge, E Peniston, C Peniston,
J W Pearman, T J Pearman, J N Smith, W H
Wilkinson, T J Wadson.
Nays 4-Messrs. S C Bell, R D Fraser, W J
Frith, W S Masters.
Ordered that the Bill be engrossed.
A Message from the Legislative Council that the
Hion. J. 11. Trimingham and the Hon. Eugenius
Harvey, have been appointed a Committee to meet
a Committee of the Assembly to inquire into the in-.
crease of work in the Colonial Secretary's Office, as
requested in the Assembly of the 2nd inst.
Ordered, -that Mr. Cooper, Mr. Wilkinson and
Mr. Tyne, be the Committee to meet the Commit-
tee of the Council, and a Message be sent to ac-
quaint the Legislative Council thereof.
The Bill entitled "an Act to continue the Sav-
ings Bank Acts" was read a 8rd time and passed.
The Bill entitled An Act to continue the Clerks
of Courts Salaries Act, was read a third time, and
The Bill to continue the Act No. 19, 1875, to
provide Salaries for the Officers of the Revenue De-
partment, was read a 2nd time and committed.
Mr. Cooper in the Chair.
The House resumed,
The Chairman reported the Bill and it was a-
dopted and ordered to be engrossed.
The Bill entitled An Act to continue the Clerk
of the Pilot Commissioner's Salary Act," was read
a 3rd time and passed.
Mr. C. Peniston presented a petition from certain
members of the Church of England in Bermuda
praying that an Act may be passed to confirm a
constitution of the said Church under the title
of" the Synod of the Church of England in Ber-
The Attorney General gave notice, that at th3
next meeting but onb he will move the House to
consider in committee the subject of reporting the
Adjourned to Monday.
Barque Hornet, Hopkins, discharged and undergoing
Brigt. Excelsior, Mayor, discharging.
Brigt. Moravian, Bell, ready for sea.
Brig Ubbina, Roggenburg, repairing.
Schr. Iris, Jones, repairing.
Schr. George B. Douglass, Bryan, awaiting repairing.
In the R. M. Steamer Beta from Halifax on Thurs-
day last :-Major Crawford, R.A., Dr. and Mrs. Bro-
die, Miss Vizard, Mrs. Duncan MeColl and child, Dun-
can Stewart, Esqr., Richard Gorham, Esqr., and child.
-For St. Thomas, Mr. Nunez of Jamaica, Miss Nunez.'
-Second Cabin, Mrs. Ware, R.A., Mrs. Cooke and 3
children. Mrs. Riddle and 2 children.
In the Brigt. T. H. A. Pitt, on 7th inst., from New
York :-Capt. and Mrs. Richard Steed and 3 children,
and Messrs. Thomas Pitt, Hilton and Norman Pitt,
Edward Roberts, Howard Harnett.
In the Mail Steamer Canima on Thursday last for
New York :-Hon. Augustus J. Musson, John Brown,
Esqr., Commissary, Mrs. Brown, 4 children and ser-
vant, Capt. Foster, H. M. 46th Regt., Lt. Wilkinson,
R.E., Lt. Radcliffe, R.A., Capt. James Bryan (Schr.
George C. Douglas), Messrs. Richard Bennett, Goldie
Trimingham, Western B. Coombe, Edward Peniston:-
Second Class, W. Gunther, Richard Glanville, Edmund
Greenaway, R.A., A. Peterson.
Schr. George C. Douglas, of and from New York,
Captain Bryan, bound to Antigua with a general cargo,
arrived at St. George's on the 2nd instant; reports
leaving 22nd August and having fine weather up to 10
p. m. August 27th when the Barometer began to fall,
Wind S.W. and increasing, with thick cloudy weather,
and had every appearance of a hurricane. Wind
backed to N. E. with heavy cross sea and at 5"30 a. m.
Lat. 31 0 50 Long. 650 35 while under bare poles was
hove down and to save vessel and cargo was compelled
to cut away foremast with. all attached. This took
with it mainmast about two-thirds from the deck, after
which vessel righted. Had to cut away wreck of spars
and rigging to prevent them chafing the vessel. Next
morning rigged jarymasts and bore away for Bermuda
and was towed into St. George's Harbour. Will repair
with dispatch and proceed.- Colonist.
S Monday, 9th September.-Mr. S. A. H.trvey intro-
Sduced a Bill to continue and amend the Act enti-
Stiled "The Pilotage Act 1869"-which was read a
The Bill to Incorporate the Synod of the Church
of England in Bermuda and for other purposes
in connection therewith-was read a second time
Mr. Cooper in the Chair.
Mr. C. Peniston moved the first clause-which
Ayes 17-Messrs. Speaker, J F Burrows, S C
Bell, R J P Darrell, J Fowle, S B Gray, E H Gos-
ling, T H Gilbert, S A Harvey, H G Hunt, J M
Hayward, T W Mercer, E Peniston, C Peniston, T
J Pearman, T F J Tucker, R Tynes.
Nays 13-Messrs. N J Darrell, T N Dill, A J
Frith, W J Frith, J Harnett, W S Masters, S A
Masters, T A Outerbridge, S C Outerbridge, J W
Pearman, J N Smith, W H Wilkinson, T J Wad-
The Attorney General moved to add after the
words in these Islands" in the second clause to
a value not exceeding in net annual value one
thousand pounds"-which was agreed to.
The 2nd clause as amended and the 3rd clause
were agreed to.
Mr. C. Peniston moved the 4th clause.
Mr. Dill moved to add, "and nothing in this
Act contained shall be deemed or construed to in-
vest the Synod hereby Incorporated with any pow-
er or authority over any existing Churches, Chap-
els, Churchyards, Cemeteries, Rectories or Glebes
in connection with or appertaining to the Church
of England in Bermuda"-which was agreed to.
The 4th clause as amended and the 5th clause
were agreed to.
The Attorney General moved a clause providing
that the Act shall go into operation on Her Majes.
Sty's assent being given thereto and -officially be
made known in these Islands-which was agreedto
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Bill with the amend-
ments, and it was adopted and ordered to be en-
The Bill to provide for the purchase of certain
lots of' land in front of the Public Offices in the
Town of Hamilton, was read a 2nd time and com-
Mr. J. W. Pearman in the Chair.
Mr. Harvey moved the adoption of the Bill-
which was agreed to.
Mr. Harvey moved that the blank be filled up
Mr. Fraser moved that it be filled lup 1000"
-which was negatived.
Ayes 8-Messrs. F M Cooper, R D Fraser, J
Fowle, J M Hayward, T A Oaterbridge, S C Out-
erbridge, E Peniston, W H Wilkinson.
Nays 16-Messrs. Speaker, S C Bell, R J P
Darrell, N J Darrell, T N Dill, W J Frith, A J
Frith, S B Gray, E H Gosling, S A Harvey, W S
Masters, S A Masters, C Peniston, J N Smith, T F
J Tucker, T J Wadson.
Mr. Harvey's motion was affirmed.
Ayes 15. Nays 9.
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Bill with the blank
filled up and it was adopted and ordered to be en-
The Bill entitled An Act to provide for certain
contingent expenses relating to the administration
of the Revenue Department"-was read a third
time and passed.
The Attorney General gave notice that at the next
meeting he will move a message to His Excellency
the Governor to inform His Excellency that the
House proposes to adjourn to the 23rd October,
proximo, in consequence of the approach of the As-
sizes and to request His Excellency's permission
so to do.
Ordered, that the amended Bill to prevent frauds
in the Shipment of Produce be printed and distrib-
Adjourned to Friday next.
Church Synod Bill, 3rd reading.
Distressed Seamen's Relief Act Continuing Bill.
Marine Court of Inquiry Bill.
Dangerous Commodities Bill.
Septr. 7-Brigt. T. H. A. Pitt, Outerbridge, New
York; assorted cargo to T. H. Pitt.
Septr. 3-Brigt. Rover, White, Barbados; 1255 cedar
4-Barque Irene, Stevens, Bull River, S.C.
5-Mail Steamer Canima, Liddicoat, New York; 13
qr. casks and 7 eighth casks brandy. 3 hls. old
canvas, 4 boxes copper.
CUSTOM HOUSE-ST. GEORGES.
Sept. 3-Am. Schr. George B. Douglass, Bryan, New
York, bound to Antigua; assorted cargo. Loss of
spars and sails.-Agent, John S. Darrell.
6-Royal Mail Steamer Beta, Shaw, Halifax; Eng.
lish Mail of the 20th ultimo, passengers and freight
-Agent, J. M. Hayward.
Barque Blaney Brothers, Symons, London; powder
" and other Government Stores.-Agent, T. F.J.
Sept. 6-French Barque Marie B., Guiqueax, St,
John, New Brunswick; ballast.
Royal Mail Steamer Beta, Shaw, St. Thomas; mails.
MOVEMENTS OF VESSELS IN PORT OF ST. GEORGE.
1 0"00 117 0"00
2 0.00 [8 0-41
8 0-00 19 0-07
4 0"00 20 0-00
5 0"03 21 0-32
6 0"09 22 0-12
7 0-03 23 0-63
8 0"06 24 2-56
9 0"75 25.- 0-88
10 0-16 26 U-45
11 0.09 27 0-31
12 0-00 28 2-40
13 0"00 29 0-29
14 0-00 30 0"00
15 0"00 31 0.00
16 0"00 --
Total 9-65 Ins.
Rainfall August, 1877..........................8-84 Ins.
Average Rainfall of 7 years, from 1870 to 1
1877 inclusive 71 Ins.
MONTREAL, Sept. 1.-An accident occurred in the
Crystal Palace which is being pulled down, on Sat-
urday. An iron beam, weighing some three hun-
dred pounds, tell from a height of fifteen feet, break-
ing the left leg of one workman, and striking ano-
ther in the back.
On Saturday night the Government took forcible
possession of the Montreal, Qttawa and Occidental
Railway, sending tenr men of the B Battery and 60
of the 65th Battalion ot the 6th, and of the Mon-
treal Garrison Artillery. Toe-night, each battalion
increased its number to one hundred. The artil-
lery are stationed at Hochelaga, and the other
corps at St. Theresa. So far, all is quiet, but op-
position is expected in the morning.
It is positively decided that the Hanlan-Courtney
race will not take place at Lachine but at Lake
This morning, at 2 o'clock, two young men were
shot, named Prentice and Staines. The outrage is
attributed to Orange Young Britains. A man
named Kelly has been arrested on suspicion,
Captain Mayor of the Bri-antine Exce'sior, reports
that on the 28th ultirno, then 20 miles East of St.
David's Hlead he experienced the hurricance. He
remarks I can say with groat certainty that I never,
in my experience, knew a hurricane to come on so
unexpectedly, not giving more that 30 minutes warn-
ing. At 2 a.m.-the morning of the gale-the Baro-
meter was not below 300 and the sea very smooth.
Between 4 and 6 o'clock the Barometer fell rapidly to
29'7-10ths. At 6, a strong gale from S. E., wore ship
on the starboard tack. At 7 the wind shifted sudden-
ly to S.W., and blew with terrific force till 9 a.m.,
blowing away some storm sails-vessel on her beam
ends, and shipping much water on deck. At noon
the gale moderated and the Barometer rose rapidly to
The Spanish War Steamer Pizarro, Commander Don
Olimpio Agua-lo, left St. George's on 7th instant for
Alfred the Great, left Hull, for Bermuda; August 20.
Duncan Stewart, Esqr., passenger by Mail Steamer
Beta from Halifax on Thursday last, will please accept
our thanks for files of London papers of the evenifig of
the 22nd ultimo-just fourteen days old-over two days
later than brought by the Mail. Mr. Stewart came
out by the Sarmatian, which left Liverpool on the 23rd
bound to Quebec via the Straits of Belle Isle, and
landed at Rimouski on the evening of Friday the 30th,
took train thence to Halifax -where he arrived the fol-
The Dominion of Canada is, if we are to believe
the papers, throughout its length and breadth in a
great state of political excitement, consequent on a
General Election. As usual with our Northern
neighbours, on such occasions, party feeling runs
high. One party says that it is as certain as any-
thing can be that the present Government will be
sustained; whilst. the other feel sure that they
will return such an overwhelming majority to the
House that the present holders of office will be
quickly sent to the right about.-We will see.
The Halifax papers are so fully engaged with
mattersbearingon the elections that they cannot give
attention to anything else however interesting.
Lady Dufferin was to leave Canada for England
on the 30th ultimo, in consequence, it is said,of her
having received a telegraphic dispatch announcing
the nomination of her son to a Cadetship.
THE 1-20TH REGIMENT.-There was an inspection
I on the Common in Halifax, N.S., on the 30th ul-
timo of H. M. 20th Regiment, by Lieut.-General
Sir P. L. McDougall, K.C.M.G., which seems to
have given very general satisfaction to all who wit-
nessed it. The Morning Herald says, after giving a
lengthened account of the affair: "Those who were
present, repeat what has so often been said of this
splendid Regiment, that the drill under its gallant
and veteran commanding officer is equal to any
ever witnessed in this garrison." A novel feature
in the bayonet exercise as practised by the 20th,
and which, it is said, has a fine effect, is the em-
phatic manner in which the left foot is brought to
the ground each time the word. "guard" is given.
On Wednesday last a seaman named Wood, while
employed on the caissons of the Dock, in the' Cam-
bre, Ireland Island, fell overboard in. a fit. Atkins,
another seaman, immediately jumped overboard to
save the drowning man, but Wood took hold of him
in such a manner as to render him helpless, when
they both sank. Mr. Birch, in charge of the party
witnessing this immediately plunged into the water
without divesting himself of his clothes, and held
the drowning men up until he caught a rope which.
I was thrown him, and held himself and the two men
up until Mr. Dyer, contractor for the transporta-
tion of beef arrived in his row boat and rescued all
A magnificent Meteor was observed by very many
persons in a Southeast direction on the evening of
Thursday last. When first seen it was at an altitude
of about 30 degrees and slowly moving towards the
horizon. The moon, which was about half full, not
very distant, and in a clear sky, was for the time,
all but obscured by the great brilliancy of this mass of
THE EURYDICE."-The London Standard of the
22nd August, says, Admiral Fanshawe, Commander-
in-Chief at Portsmouth, has been informed that there
is now no cause for further delay in assembling the
Court Martial to inquire into the causes of the loss of
the Eurydice, and the Court will consequently be held
as soon as convenient.
WAn~ OFFICE, August 20th-19th Foot-Lieut.
W. A. Barnett to be Capt. vice J. Payne, resigned
on appointment to the Army Pay Department.
WHAT'S IN A NAME.-The Barque Neversink from
Cow Bay, Nova Scotia, bound to New York, sprung
a leak on the 19th August, and sank about 40
miles off Scaterie, despite the exertions of her crew
to keep her afloat. The crew had to take to an
open boat and suffered much in a storm before they
were rescued. Some of our readers will doubtless
remember the circumstance that Captain Hall, who
commanded the Sultana for many years in the cat-
tle trade between these Islands and New York, sub-
sequently purchased- a vessel with the above cogno-
men, and on a voyage from New Orleans played
him a similar trick in the Gulf of Mexico by,
without the least warning, suddenly sinking, leav-
ing him and his crew to seek safety in her boats.
RAINFALL, AUGUST, 1878.
the roofs of the buildings, several large trees blown
down, fences destroyed; but, happily, no life was
lost, notwstanding the whole strength of the yard.
was out, during the night and as long as the gale
We are much gratified in being able to add that
.the noble structure, the Dock, which is under the
immediate management of Mr. G. F. Newton, the
Acting Constructor, has sustained little or no injury,
and were it necessary, could be, we are assured,
brought into use for the purposes for which she is
intended, in a few days.
We learn from St. Georges that Atwood's Wharf
I at the East end, adjoining fhe Royal Engineer
Wharf, was washed down. Brigt. Florence (hulk),
belonging to J. R. Duerden, came on shore from her
moorings at the Powder Ground and collided with
the new Pier being built at the Royal Engineer
Wharf, and tore the southern front down to the
water's edge. The Torpedo steam launch sunk at
her moorings. The Breakwater Pier of R. C. Me-
Callan was all, more or less, washed away on.
the northern side. Penno's Stores were partly un-
slated. Masons' Hall injured in the roof. A small
house at the Cut completely blown down, leaving
only one wall standing; the occupant was, fortun-
ately absent in the town at the time. The new Bar-
racks were slightly injured in the roof. The upper
verandah of the Commandant's house was com-
pletely destroyed and blown away. Pride-of-India
trees were uprooted and blown down in all direct.
tions. Had the gale continued an hour or two
longer the damage would have been most serious in
St. Georges, as many of the houses began to show
signs of yielding to the blast.
It will be observed by our shipping list, that
the Barque Hornet when 100 miles West of Ber-
muda had the gale first from the S. E. and then
worked round Easterly to the N. W., showing that
the centre of the gale was about half way between
the H. and Bermuda,
[The account of the hurricane of the 27th and 28th
ultimo in our issue of the 3rd instant, causing a
greater demand for copies of that number than we
could supply, we are induced to republish it to-day.]
-Ed. R.. -
When, in our last issue, we alluded to the severe
gusts of wind, accompanied with thunder, lightning
and rain, with which these Islands had been visited
during the previous week, we were in a measure
lulled into the belief that we would have some little
settled weather, and knowing that for nearly a
quarter of a century we had no serious rupture of
the elements during the month of August-according
to record kept at the Bermuda Library-but on
Tuesday towards the afternoon the wind was,S.S.E.,
and there were some indications of a strong breeze
with much rain, from that quarter-the barometer
not indicating anything like a storm, much less the
dreadful weather, which soon followed. Before mid-
night the wind freshened considerably and from then
till daylight of the 28th it blew violently. Between
daylight and half-past eight o'clock, the wind came
with hurricane violence; first from the South and
then from the South West,-the mercury in the
barometer, first showing a convex shape, began to
rise about quarter-past eight, and then rose rapidly.
The wind soon after evidenced symptoms of
subsiding, and eventually settled down in the North
West, the hurricane having passed away in that di-
rection, the centre of which is supposed to have been
about 50 miles West of the islands.* It is very
remarkable that from noon of Tuesday, till the ter-
mination of the gale on Wednesday, the change of
mercury in the barometer scarcely exceeded 4-10ths.
We have not heard of any very serious injury to
houses throughout the country, but extensive dam-
age has been done to Fruit trees, as well as to the
Pride of India and the Cedar, but especially to the
former. The roads in many places, particularly on
the main to Somerset; were fairly blocked up, so
much so indeed that were they could not be moved'
the Mail driver from Somerset to Hamilton had to
leave his box and with an axe cut a passage through
them for his horses and car. The streets in Ham-
ilton were in many places rendered quite impassible
by the up-rooted and broken Pride of India trees, and
we are assured that between thirty and forty of these
ornamental and useful shade trees were prostrated;
many of them, however, after having been deprived
of their heavy branches, were replanted. The Sol-
diers encamped towards the West End of the Is-
lands had a miserable time of it, their tents having
been blown away and they had to avail themselves
of any shelter that presented itself.
Two or three valuable sail-boats have been seri-
ously injured, and some six or eight, row-boats in
our immediate neighborhood, have been wholly des-
troyed. In our land-locked Harbour of Hamilton,
the Brigt. Clara 4. Agnes came from her moorings
and grounded just to the westward of the Warehouse
wharf, but sustained no damage. The Wrecking
Schr. T. Dickens also parted her moorings and came
against the wharf under the Club House, with like
fortunate result. Some of the ornamental trees in
the Public Park have been injured.
At the Naval Yard, as with us, there were no in-
dications of anything more serious than moderate
squalls, with thunder and lightning. At 9 p.m.,
though the barometer had fallen a little, it stood at
30. Before midnight, however, the weather became
more threatening, and by two o'clock it blew a gale,
and so continued till daylight. Between then and
S830 a.m. the storm raged with hurricane violence.
At a little before 7 the Floating Dock-[which was
careened in the centre of the Cambre for the par-,
pose of finishing the repairs which had been s6mei
time in progress and wanted but 3 or 4 more days to
complete,]-in one of the strongest gusts started
from her moorings, crushing down on the wharves
and crumbling up one of the heavy iron mooring
bridges, breaking and twisting the iron like so much
sheet-tin; tearing up anchors, embedded and covered
with tons of ballast, bringing home the heavy net-work
of chains-atthe end of most of these were 95 cwt. an-
chors-and although the dock was moored as strongly
and effectually as human ingenuity could suggest, it
was of no avail against the tremendous force of the
wind acting on so large a surface. Two of the mas-
sive mooring chains of the Dock 2J inches thick,
extending across the Breakwater, and secured to
heavy anchors in Granaway's Deep; were drawn
from their beds-one quite across the Breakwater
and into the Cambre, the chain of the other broke
when the anchor was half way across, leaving the
anchor on the Breakwater where it can now be
seen. When the wind shifted from South to South
West the Dock brought home all her inshore moor-
ings and then swang and drifted to the other side of
of the Cambre, driving against the long arm of the
Breakwater, where she remained.
We can easily imagine how great was the anxiety
of Captain Moresby, R. N., the Captain Superinten.-
dent, to whose safety the Dock is entrusted, to see
her driven from side to side of the Cambre, without
the possibility of checking her apparent course to
destruction. Captain Moresby was, with his staff,
exposed to the dreadful weather from 11 p.m. of
the 27th to 10 a.m. of the 28th, watching, with in-
tense concern, the effects of the strains on the cables,
&c., the sea almost the whole time making a clear
breach over the Breakwater. We may here say
that the Dock represents half a million of money,
besides being of incalculable value to H. M. Ships
on this Station, and adding greatly to the importance
of Bermuda as being the second Foreign Depot of
the Navy of Great Britain.
The heavy mooring lighter, though strongly
moored, broke away. The Sail-boat Adelaide will
probably become a wreck; and the Sail-boat Lady
Stewart is sunk in Grassy Bay, and is greatly dam-
aged. A large number of the slate were blown from
Thomas Arnold, in his writings on, the Church,
clearly exhibits the evil of "the destroying of the
principle of co-operation through the varied talents
and habits of the several members of the society
and substituting in the place of it a system in which
a very few should be active and the great mass pas-
sive." In connexion with "their efforts to form a
Synod" T- writes "Poor Olergy!" and thus dis-
tinctly points out who, in his opinion, are those ac-
tive in, the present matter already.
It is hereby denied, that it is not correct to speak
of the Synod as recognizing and co-existent with
the system of taxation for Church purposes. How.
could any rational Constitution accept and adapt it-
self to a system non-existent, and not recognized ?
About No. X that is VII," Popular interest
would be best served by a representative, conscious
that his acts must quickly be applauded,or asqui.:kl r
cost him his position.
How will T-'s proposed Synod serve, if by
chance its members do habppln to be mainly of a
kind called by him a bad lot" ?
T- writes Each rule of the Constitution was in
turn discussed fully-and the Constitution as it
now stands was carried by a very large majority."
A large majority of the one per cent of Church
people who then were present! There were 9,000
registered Church people not present. The meeting
was not of representative character and could havg
consisted mainly of persons described by T--' w-ho -
imagine so much about other people, not knowing
themselves, While T- complains of an implied
insult in what he calls a :pompou paragraph," he
has been so incautious as to assert (notwithstandin g
the great monuments existing in nearly every Pao-
rish Church of the liberality of the last 10 venrs-s
that people become suspi,-.ias and button up thi "-
pockets as soon as they discern a Black Coat in the
About responsibility" this Correspondent fears
Snot. The laws constituting the Establishment of,
the Church keeps responsibility off those who intreat
To the Editor of the Royal Gazette.
SIR,-The Board of E.li-afi,n have lately issued
their Report for the year ending December 31st, 1877;
and in perusing this interesting document, for interest-
ing it is, there will be found some things for congratu-
lation, though the Board seem to think, more
if not despondency.
But it would seem by their own showing that if the
state of education in these Islands be very defective,
and the progress made towards improvement very slow,"'
the cause lies partly with the Board who have it in
their power to remedy some of the defects pointed out
by their ingenious Inspector.
No exception can be taken to the rules adopted,
as amended in July last-all the branches of a common
English Education are taught in their iehools it is pre-
sumed by competent'persons approved by the Inspector.
The registered pupils on the books were 780; and I
observe as many as three of the Teachers had under
tuition over a hundred pupils : now while I believe that
these three persons are competent men, who have lab-
oured assiduously for years in their vocation, and have
been frequently complimented by the present, as well
as by former Inspectors ; yet it is obvious I think t6 be
incumbent on the Board to set some limit to numbers,
for it may reasonably be doubted, however efficient the
teacher, whether one individual could be capable of
properly superintending, and keeping in order, and
moreover be able to impart instruction to numbers so
The Board admits the want of funds is not "the
main cause of the defective state of education in these
Islands; but in a far greater degree the want of any
power to compel Parents to send their children to
School." The difficulty here is not so ereat perhaps as
would appear. I believe vw ry little trouble is taken to
enforce attendance. In my school days, the pupil, when
he returned to school after having been absent, was
called up by the Master, and sternly questioned as to
the reason of his absence, and unless he could give a
good account of himself was sharply rebuked and some-
times punished-a practice worthy of imitation, wherein
a wholesome lesson may be learnt from the good old
times. Parents who neglect their children on this head
should be visited and remonstrated with both by In-
spector and Teacher, who should impress on them the
injury they are doing to themselves and their offspring,
and it should be added that unless they complied with
'the advice now tendered, the doors of the School would
be closed against them. I feel persuaded. that in this
way, with the gentle persuasion of the birch, much good
would result, and if well followed up there will be no
necessity for a compulsory law which is broadly hinted
at by the Board, and which, if adopted, will be found
inconvenient, distressing, and probably abortive.
It is not for want of pecuniary aid by the Board's ad-
mission that our schools have not prospered, (it is true
they think a little more would be acceptable.) There
was a time, and that not far distant, when the Legisla-
ture was almost rebuked for its stinginess in voting
money, and its indifference towards educating the Poor
-to-day we are told by the highest authority that these
very Poor are alone to blame, and that more stringent
measures must be put in force to compel them to do
what the combined efforts of the Board and Inspector
have been unable to accomplish. Oh tempera! 0 mo-
res Money it was said was wanted, and nothing but
money, to make our people wise, moral and happy !!
We see here how easy it is to be mistaken-how the
best applied efforts and most honest intentions can be
In concluding his able report, Our Inspector, with the
best motives I am sure, has a hit at the Poor Whites."
Their schools, he tells us, only number 4. If so be it,
it follows that nearly the whole amount granted by the
Legislature goes to the support of that other class of
persons who are so numerous, and who are therefore
benefited in a higher degree by reason of the small num-
ber of White Schools; and if this latter class do not
avail themselves of their rights-it is because they, at
least the great majority, have higher aspirations.
Ther-' i something to be said for this poor Class beyond
what the Board may imagine. Doubtless in every Pa-
rish there are a few stray sheep, but they are few.
The writer knows enough of this Class to know that
they do send their children to School; (the few who do
not are mere exceptions.) They have an ambition and
cherish a hope to see their children rise in the social
scale, and while lamenting their own ignorance take a
pride in supporting Schools which they feel are some-
thing above what Charity can offer, though they may
not enjoy the blessings of an Inspector. We must not
therefore conclude that all the poor children of this
Class who are not to be seen in Charity Schools are of
necessity grovelling in idleness and sloth.
1 make these remarks in no spirit of hostility to the
Board of Education which 1 believe has accomplished
much good since its institution, and which, I trust, will
not relax its efforts to do more.
I am, Mr. Editor, yours, &c.,
WESTWARD HO !
September 6, 1878.
For the Royal Gazette.
It has never been the purpose of the Correspon-
dence over this signature to exhibit simply, power
to encumber the valuable columns of the Royal
Gazette with exclamations, idealities, or pleasantries
about the temperature of the weather as Correspon-
dent T- so effectually did last week. The matter
in hand is too serious for that. Stories about Guy
Fawkes, bugbears, luck in odd numbers, and "where
the ghost comes in" recall Lord Bacon's sarcasm on
Cunning, "when you have anything to obtain of
present dispatch, you entertain and amuse the party
with whom you deal with some other discourse, that
he be not too much awake to make objections. I
knew a Counsellor and Secretary that never came
to Queen Elizabeth of England, with bills to sign,
but he would always first put her into some discourse
Sof estate, that she might the less mind the bills."
To the assertion "any one examining the Consti-
tution, calmly and candidly, will I think see that
his fears are groundless, that where precision is
possible the rules are precise and exact; but where
a little indefiniteness is unavoidable from the possibili-
ty of future changes, 4c., no harm or danger can
I arise." Answer is made that the lulling" no harm"
of mosquitos, and the pity exciting, broken winged
dove, are well known delusions.
- ~~fl"NAA fOVAL2GAZEFiv z
discreet Legislature not to fetter any part of the
population by the domination of a petty "board,"
with just power enough to be arbitrary, and just
money enough to be callous, and the only place for
fear about responsibility is, lest the proposed Con-
stitution should become Law, have the responsibi-
lity, of the position of the Church, and not be able
to bear the same.
*It is admitted that the Church requires a Bishop
and it is only fair to remark that had the inviting
and paying of one, been only dealt with by the ad-
vocates for the proposed Synod this correspondence
need never have been commenced.
7th September, 1878.
To the Editor of the Royal Gazette.
SIR,-I very much regret to see an idea revived this
week in your columns, of supplying the Church of Eng-
land in Bermuda with Clergymen from the Protestant
Episcopal Church of the United States. There is even
a hint that they might be brought here, like the Wes-
leyan Ministers, for a temporary period of service, which
implies the establishment of an organic connexion
between that Church and our Island Church.
That, it seem to me. would be little less than a trans-
fer of our ecclesiastical allegiance to another, and that a
=I have no intention of discussing the suggestion, as I
think such a discussion unsuited to newspaper columns ;
but I do most warmly protest aLainst it; and I believe
that 999 out of every thousand members of the Church
of England in these Islands arn too thoroughly loyal to
our Mother Church ever to accept, in her place the step-
mother now proposed to us. We should as soon think
of changing our political, as our ecclesiastical, allegi-
I have no desire to open a religious controversy in
your paper, but if such an idea is thrown out from time
to time without being repudiated it is apt to be re-
garded first as an admissable, ond later on as an ac-
cepted, scheme. But a very grc.at change, nothing in-
deed short of a revolutionary on '. must come over the
opinions of Churchmen in Bern uda before such a pro-
posal as this is entertained.
Arrival of the English Mail of 20th
The Royal Mail Steamer Beta, Captain Shaw, ar-
rived at St. George's from H,-lifax at 4 p.m. on
Thursday last, with the English Mail of the 20th
ultimo, brought out by the Steamer Caspian which
arrived at Halifax via St. Johns, N. F on the af-
ternoon of the 80th ultimo.
PROROGATION OF THE IMPERIAL PAR-
The session of the Imperial Parliament was pro-
rogued on August 16, by royal commission, until
the 2nd day of November, 1878.
In the royal speech which was read on the occa-
sion, the Queen says that the action of Parliament
in voting the supplementary estimates contributed
largely to the pacific solution of the difficulties
which existed, and that the councils of the Berlin
Congress "have resulted in a peace which-I am
thankful to believe is satisfactory and likely to be
durable. The Ottoman Empire has not emerged
from a disastrous war without severe loss; but ar-
rangements which have been made, while favorable
to the subjects of the Porte, have secured to it a
position of independence which can be upheld
against aggression. I have concluded a defensive
convention with the Sultan which has been laid
before you. It gives, as regards his Asiatic Em-
pire, a more distinct expression to the engagements
which, in principle, I, together with other powers,
accepted in 1856, but of which the form has not
een found practically effectual. The Sultan has,
n the other hand, bound himself to adopt and
arry into effect measures necessary for securing
ood government in those provinces. In order to
promote the objects of this agreement I have un-
ertaken the occupation and administration of the
land of Cyprus.
"In aiding to bring about the settlement which
as taken place, I have been assisted by the disci-
line and high spirit of my forces by sea and land,
y the alacrity with which my reserves responded
my call, by the patriotic offers of military aid by
y people in the colonies, and by the proud desire
my Indian army to be reckoned among the de-
aders of the British Empire-a desire justified by
e soldierly qualities of the force recently quar-
ed in Malta."
The Queen declares that her relations with all
e foreign powers continue friendly. The speech
neludes with references to supplies and internal
YELLOW FEVER IN NEW ORLEANS AND
NEW YORK, Aug. 30.-There were seventy deaths
m yellow fever in Memphis yesterday, and nine-
nine new cases are reported, and it is expected
at this record-in both particulars will be exceeded
day, as the weather is propitious for disease.
e mortality in New Orleans was considerably
finished yesterday, only forty-nine deaths being
orted. There were 240 cases registered, however.
Vicksburg, Miss., there were 17 deaths and 29
w cases. There is no material change in the situ-
on at Grenada.
specials report two cases of yellow fever at Phil-
elphia. They will not result fatally. The Board
Health of New Orleans believe the fever must
w run its course unless some rare meteorological
nge.takes place. The city will probably be swept
ougbout by the epidemic. A strange feature is the
rtality among the negroes, which is nearly 60
NEW YORK, Aug. 81.-The deaths from yellow
er in New Orlears yesterday were fifty-seven.
e interments in Memphis were seventy-two, and
ety-two new cases were reported. At Vicksburg
.re was a considerable increase of new cases, but
} deaths showed a slight decrease. The situation
other points is not materially changed. Specials
im the South say numbers of dead persons have
n found in houses at Memphis. Dr. Watson
o had laboured earnestly during the epidemic,
s missed. Investigation discovered his dead
y in his room with all appearance of fever.
HREE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE.
ONDON, August 80.-Mr. Welsh, the American
nister, writes under date of August 8tb, remind-
Lord Salisbury that the former appeals for a
Kase of the Fenian Condon have been refused,
since then the action of the British Govern-
nt has brought it so much honor that he (Welsh)
ught the moment might possibly be a particularly
eeable one for the exercise of clemency, especi-
in answer to the prayer of a friendly Govern-
t which has shown so deep an interest in the
as to have already preferred the li'ayer three
es and would doubtless continue to do so, but
ays most respectfully, until it is granted. The
ef in the United States is that Condon is an
ent Irishman, who served most honorably in the
erican war, was a victim of circumstances in his
*ng doing, and having been eleven years in pri-
and learned wisdom, may well be restored to
family in the United States. Under date of
ust 16th Lord Salisbury replies that the Cabi-
will recommend the remission of the sentence.
UGUST 831.-A despatch reports a severe storm
the British coast. A French fishing smack
wrecked at Folkestone and 12 lives lost.
inner to the Monetary Delegates.-PARIs, August
The utmost cordiality prevailed to-night at a
ndid banquet given at the Continental Hotel
he American delegates to the Monetary Con-
ference to their European confreres. Forty-five
guests were present, including all the delegales.
M. Leon Say, president of the conference, occupied
the seat of honor. No speeches were made.
MADRID, Aug. 31.-The Spanish Minister of Jus-
Stice and a hundred and fifty functionaries left on
Friday for the Escurial to attend Queen Christina's
The late Queen according to a Spanish paper,
left all her property, valued at 8,000,000 francs, to
her children by the Duke of Rianzares, having in
their life-time given their portions to Queen Isa-
bella and the Duchess of Montpensier.
ROME, Aug. 30.-It is reported that Italy, while
expressing sympathy with Greece, has advised her
to come to a friendly arrangement with Turkey.
A Pera despatch says it is reported that Todle-
ben has received orders to discontinue the embark-
ation of Russian troops because the English fleet
has not withdrawn from the island of Princepog.
LONDON, Sept. 1.-The Thames International Re-
gatta began yesterday and will conclude on Mon-
day, In first heat of the race, for champion sculls,
Higgins beat Boyd. The latter claimed foul by
Higgins; but claim was not allowed. In second
heat Elliott beat Blackman 100 yards. In cham-
i pion pair race, from Chiswick Church to Putney,
Northerners, Lumsden and Boyd beat Higgins and
Thomas by six lengths.
LONDON, Sept. 1.-Cheap fast train on London#
Chatham and Dover railroad from Ramsgate, Broad
Stairs and Margate for London, crowded with pas-
sengers, collided with some freight cars while latter
were switching off line yesterday near Settinghourne.
Train which was practically an excursion train
bringing away summer residents at breaking up of
season, was running at express speed, and was com-
pletely wrecked. Eight persons were killed and 37
ROME, Aug. 31.-The Radical organ Dovere an-
nounces the departure of a body of Italians volun-
I teers .from Ancona to join the Bosnians.
A despatch from Bucharest says the Bulgarians
appear determined to elect a native prince. The
Russians desire a foreigner, but so far have nomin-
A correspondent at Vienna represents that nego-
tiations for a convention are at a dead lock.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Aug. 30.-The Austrian Gov-
ernment has notified Count Zichy, its ambassador
here, that the convention has not yet been signed.
The proposal of Turkey-that the number of troops
occupying the Novibazar district be restricted, has
been rejected. It is, however, possible that the
Austrians may defer the occupation. Negotiations
The Duke of Southerland's scheme for an Asiatic
railway is still under examination. The Council of
Stater ejected all others.
VIENNA, Aug. 80.-Signor Perelli, former Ital-
ian Consul, was murdered by insurgentson the road
from Tuzla to Serajevo.
There is no news from General Szapary. Sinis-
ter rumours continue.
RAGUSA, Aug. 31.-The Austrians have occupied
It is reported.that the insurgents are garrisoning
Trebizone. They are short of provisions and dis-
posed to surrender.
HAMILTON HARBOUR REGATTA,
SEPTEMBER 4, 1878.
The weather being too light at the hour appoint-
ed for the first race-the delay of an hour took
place-when the wind freshened to a nice breeze
and so continued the remainder of the day.
The Stake boats were placed as follows :-No. 1
opposite Pitt's Bay; No. 2 near the Ferry Point;
No. 3 opposite the Club House in Hamilton Har-
RACE FOR THE "PRESENTATION CUP."
R. M. st
Red, White and Blue.... F. C. Simmons..2 25
Southern Beauty.........J. B. Minors.... 2 28 50
Little Iris..............E. W. Simmons..2 29
Little Adventure....... B. C. Simmons...2 30
Amelia ................J. Bleasdale......2 31 10
Bermuda ................ John Darrell....2 31 10
Union................. Thomas Jones....2 34 15
RACE FOR THE PRIZE."
H. M. 5.
Red, White and Blue..F. C. Simmons....4 23
Southern Beauty...... J. B. Minors......4 29 42
Little Adventure......B. C. Simmons... .4 34 15
Little Iris............E. W. Simmons....4 40 10
Amelia................J. Bleasdale....... 4 42 34
Bermuda ............ John Darrell...Did not r'nd
Union................Thomas Jones.Did not r'nd
The intended 6 oared gig race did not come off
-2 boats only hainug entered instead of 3.
A 6 oared giu--Private Match-females-" red"
against 1.in" jiffe-Ets. Red won by two lengths.
The course was from a stake boat opposite the
Club House, round the warping buoy directly
westward of Corporation Island and back to start-
The Pig and 5/ prize at the end of a greased
pole, was won by Robert Ball.
There was an immense assemblage of persons in
the Front Street of Hamilton, to witness the races,
and an excellent Band of Music being in attendance
added much to the pleasure of the day.
BIRTH, at the Rectory, in Southampton Parish, on
September 3rd, the WIFE of Mr. Andrew J. Pewtherer,
of a DAUGHTER.
MARRIED, at St. Mary's Cathedral, Halifax, N.S.,
on the 20th August, by the Rev. Canon Power, CAPT.
BURTON OUTERBRIDGE, of Bermuda, to MISS'MARGA-
RET GREENWOOD, of that City.
DIED, at her late residence in Smith's Parish, on
the 26th August, after a long illness, borne with
Christian fortitude, CHARLOTTE, wife of the late
Richard Mallory, aged 62 years ; leaving 4 children,
2 grandchildren, and a number of other relatives and
friends to mourn their loss.
........., at her residence in Devonshire, on the 7th
inst., after a short illness MRs. SARAH ARNOLD LEWIS,
aged 83 years, leaving a husband and other friends to
mourn their loss.
**BA Supplement of three
Columns accompanies this issue
i l of the ",Gazette." It contains a
~ long Letter from the Revd. R.
Anthony Bilkey, Lord Beaconsfield's Government
and the Crisis."' "Mr. Gladstone and the Jewish
Disabilities," and some other Items of French News.
BOXES HONEY DEW,
to the pound
Boxes GOLDLEAF, 93. to the pound
Goldleaf and Black TOBACCO i, 18 lbs. and
22 lbs. Caddies
All of Supeiior Quality and at extremely Low
prices for Cash nliy.
W. T. JAMES,
42 Front Street.
September 9th, 1878.-1
11th Inst., 12 o'clock,
VT 'I i~I'"^ A ^ 1,
: "wz LL
BBLS. S. F. FLOUR
Ditto Corn MEAL
Ditto Bright Grocery SUGAR
100 Lbs. CONFECTIONERY, well assorted
Laundry and Fancy SOAP
Bags CORN BRAN, &c., &c.
BOOTS & SHOES
SA il1ch COW,
Hamilton, Septr. 10, 1878.
A T I C5i
1 Ith inst.,
ST. ANDILEW'S CI UCCHI,
Commencing at 8 ,'clock.
11 VTAN 3. l*IA Y T iON,
An Address on
A Collection will be taken up in behalf of the
Foreign Mission Fund.
B. E. DICKINSON,
liamilton, epSt. 9, 1878.
THE LADIES of Zion's Church
in this Town, intend holding an
Ice Cream Festival
3, t the Wesleyan School Room,
Evening, 11th Instant.
DOORS opened at 7 o'clock.
Where will be found CAKE, Ice CREAM
and Cooling DRINKS.
Hamilton, Septr. 10th, 1878.
For benefit of Owners, Underwriters
and all Concerned.
WZLL 3 COLD,
On Thursday next,
12th Instant, At 12 o'clock,
O.N HUN TER'S WHLRF P,
200 BARRELS FLOUR, (more or less)
0 250 Bags. CORN
11 Boxes Canned OYSTERS
2 Boxes Leaf TOBACCO
25 Boxes CODFISH
3 Barrels OATS.
The same having been damaged by seawater
on board Bark HORNET," Captain HOP-
KINS, put into this Port in distress, on a Voy-
age from New York to Puerto Cabello.
W. C. HYLAND & CO.,
ROBT. E. N. BOGGS,
St. George's, 7th Septr., 1878.
H' HE SUBSCIRIBER has just received the
balance of his WHITE ONION SEED.
and it is now ready for delivery.
R. H, DUERDEN.
Hamilton, Sept. 10, 1878.-2iti, 10 & 24
Two of those Celebrated "Florence"
Keaoseoke Oil sloves,
They save labour and fuel.
For Sale at cost and charges.
W. T. JAMES,
42 Front St.
September 9, 1878.
Prices reduced to suit the times
[,KAVY Black OATS, at 2s. 9d. per Bushel,
in Lots of 5 Bushels or more
BRAN, 5 Bushel Bags, at 5s. 6d. per Bag,
FOR THE CASH OALY.
JNO. F. BURROWS.
Ilamilton, Sept. 3, 1878.-2 3 page
---^. J r u
he o UOtta .,e
Called "REACH COTTAjGE,
With about 12 Acres LAND,
Bounded othe North by Land of William J.
>Steed onihis C. Tucker, and by Mullet Bay;
on the ,South, by the Reach ; on the East, by
Land of Frederick A. S. Hunter, M. D.; and
on the West, by Land of Henry Hilgrove Hol-
lis and of the Heirs and Devisees of the late
Mrs. George Richardson.
The Cottage is large and comfortable, and
has a Tank and Room in the Yard. There are
also a large Barn and a Stone Cattle Shed,
with large Tank.
The Site is an excellent one both for Build-
ing and Planting purposes.
JOSEPH M. HAYWARD,
WILLIAM D. FOX,
St. Georges,'9th Sept., 1878.-2 3p
rl'.N Nl)DAS will be received
by the 'Sub-
The 19th Instant,
From Persons desir.)us of Tendering for the
undermentioned WO K to the DW E L.IIN(I
HOUSE in Reid Street, next, West of Mr
GRnIR's Workshop, Viz.:
1. Lowering and Renewing portions of Veran-
dah of Upper Floor.
2. Constructing New Verandah to First Floor.
3. Providing and fixing Doors and Frames,
Window Frames and Sashes, &c., to Front
4. Providing and laying New Floor and Joists
to first Floor.
5. Building Wing to Northern Side of Premises.
All further information can be obtained from
the Undersigned, who does not bind himself to
accept the lowest or any Tender.
Reil Sheet, Sept 10th, 1878.
Of Ten Pounds.
Will be paid by the Undersigned to any
Person who will give such information as will
lead to the certain Conviction of the Person or
Persons who SUNK his BOAT, while lying at
the Buoy in Hamilton Harbour, during the night
of the 4th Instant, and S TOLE therefrom some
SAILS, BOAT CUSHIONS, and LEAD
J. C. E. I'ESTERRE.
September 6 h, 1878.-3
HAM O-0L0 A,
In 51b tins.
A very Superior Ar ticle.
Cheaper and better than Boneless Ham.
W. T. JAMES,
4-2 Front St.
OFF0 S FO S A L1,1
During this week only,
d A GOOD DR3FT
CART and HARNESS for 20.
The HORSE is true to Collar, strong and
able. CART and HARNESS are in good
B. W. WALKER & CO.
Hamilton, Septr. 9th, 1878,-1
H. M. Dockyard Contract.
TENDERS are required for the Supply of
FIVE THOUSAND FEET of good Com-
for the use of" Director of Works Department."
Persons tendering are requested to state a
price for the Lumber if delivered at the Dock-
yard, and arother if delivered at the place
Tenders are to be addressed to the CAPTAIN-
IN-CHARGE, H. M. Dockyard, so as to be re-
ceived not later than
.At noon of 12th inst.,
and the Lumber to be delivered, if required,
not later than MONDAY, 16th inst.
The lowest tender will not, necessarily, be
J AU LTI N,
ON THE PREMISES,
ON TTIURSD AY,
19th inst., At 12, Noon,
Under Power of Sale attached to Bond and
Mortgage held by the Undersigned,
OF THE LATE
Colonial Secretar/y'8 Office,
7TH SEPTEMBER, 1878.
ATTENTION is called to the provisions of
the Act No. 14, of the present Session,
entitled An Act to amend and continue the
Acts for the payment of Medical Witnesses:"
and of the Act No. 15 of the present Session,
entitled An Act to continue and amend the
Attention is called to the fact that under the
provisions of these Acts, No Person will in
future be deemed to be a Medical Practitioner
or a Surgeon, or entitled to receive pay as
such under the said Acts, but such persons as
shall have satisfied the Governor in Council,
by documentary or other evidence, that they
are persons entitled to practise medicine or
surgery or both in these Islands under the pro-
visions of the Imperial Statute of the twenty-
first and twenty-second years of Victoria en-
titled An Act to regulate the qualification of
Practitioners in Medicine or Surgery," or per-
sons possessed of a regular Diploma or qualifi-
cation as Physician or Doctor in Medicine or
other graduate in Medicine, or Surgeon, or
both, granted to them after completing a
regular course of study in and after passing a
regular examination or regular examinations
by, some University, or College, or School, of
Medicine, or Surgery, or both, of know
standing and character, or persons who have
for ten years at least consecutively immediately
prior to the passing of this Act been in actual
practice as Physician or Surgeon or both in
these Islands, under any foreign or Colonial
Diploma and as shall have been registered in
the Secretary's Office as persons possessing one
or other of the qualifications aforesaid."
By His Excellency's Command,
R. E. WEBSTER,
3 3p Colonial Secretary
Colonial Secretary's Office,
9TH SEPTEMBER, 1878.
HYDROGRAPHICAL NOTE.-CAPE OF
GOOD HOPE STATION.
A COPY of a Hydrographical Note fur-
nished to the Government of the Cape
of Good Hope by the Commodore Command-
ing on that Station affecting Admiralty
Charts, 644 Delagoa Bay, and 646 English
River, South-East Coast of Africa, can be seen
at this Office,
By His Excellency's Command.
R. E. WEBSTER,
i ITIE Undersigned have arranged to have a
Supply of FISH GUANO towards the
end of October next.
TRO7T 4 COX,
Hlamilton, Septr. 10, 1878.-3 3p.
Colonist" 3 times 3rd page.
Of Superior Breed, for Sale by
Southampton, 10th .'eptr. 1878.-lpd
The Genuine Tenerijfe
IED AND WHITE.
At 10/ per Bottle.
I IIlE Undersigned have received per Ca-
nima" To-day the above SEEID, and will
On S.3TURDJY Next.
Parties that have their names on our List, are
requested to call for the Seed.
J. T. DARRELL & CO.
Our List is open for Engagements of ONION
SEEDI for next season.
J.T.D. & Co.
Hamilton, August 19th, 1878.-4 3p.
ie claimed Letters.
Silveira de Andrade, Miss Miry Butterfleld, II
Bann, Silveira de Roza Battancent, Lttice Barns,
Wm S Darrell, W H Darrell, Jose de Sourza Dell-
luco, Silveira Duarte, Joseph Dill (.lason), Jose
Augusto Festo, Margaret Fubler, Jas N Frith, G
Gaubert, Mrs J Hlorne, Matilda J Innes, Jerome
Joaquim, Theodosla Joynes, Thomas Joell, Mrs
Keel, .1J J Morxow, Henrique Joze de Medtiros,
Edward McCarten, William Parsons, A H Robin-
son, Miss J Smith, Benny Smith, Diana Smith, Geo
Swan, Francisco de Souza, James S3mih, Cato
Smith, A Smith (Merchant), James 1) Tucker, John
S Wilson, Mrs Benjimin Whitely, Joseph Webb.
Post Office, Hamilton, S. ptr. 9, 1878.
UNCLAIMED LETTERs IN THE POST OF-
FICE ST. GEORGE'S, 9th Sept. 1878.
James A Hrangt.an, .liss R lruce, Mary Susan
Brown, W W Dunbariy, Mary M Hayward, Jane L,
Johnson, Joseph Lamb, L Aicl3ran, Mrs O'Brien,
James Pearson, Wm PF theison., Manuel A Stewart,
John J Sinim!, Hlattie A Smith, Wil'iam Swan,
William Tiott, Kate Trott, Louisa Tiott, Anna
Tui'ey, R J '1 ucker, Joseph If Thomas, A White
Emma L Wilson,
Payment of Salaries,
Colonial Secretary's Office,
7th SEPTEMBER, 1878.
NOTICE is hereby given that His EXCEL-
LENCY THE GOVERNOR has ordered that
Salaries, Pension, and other periodical pay-
mnents due from the Treasury at the end of
each quarter, shall be claimed and paid within
the first ten days of the quarter next ensuing.
By His Excellency's Command,
R. E. WEBSTER,
. ... I'[I -I ,, 'I -I -.. -- -- - -- -, - .--- ____ _________....________I__I
BE ITI UDi A.
Proceedings, of thet Honorable Leg-
Tuesday, 3rd September, 1878.-Pursuant to ad-
journment the House met.
Present-flis Honor Josiah Reeo, Chief Justice,
The Honorable William H. Gosling,
James H. Trimingham,
"4 Eugenius Harvey,
Joseph H. Harvey,
is James Tucker, Recr. Genl.,
Randal E. Webster, Colonial
The following Message from His Excellency the
-Coverr or. was delivered by the Colonial Secretary,
R. M. LAFFAN,
Governor and Commander-in. Chief.
The Governor has the honor to forward to the
Honorable the Legislative Council a copy of a letter
addressed to him on the 23rd instant by the Colo-
nial Secretary, pointing out that owing to the want
of sufficient clerical assistance in his office he is un-
able to keep up the work of recording Wills and
Deeds, and that that work therefore is falling into
As it is of the highest importance to the whole
community that Wills and Deeds should be proper-
ly recorded, the Governor trusts that the Legisla-
ture will make provision for affording to the Colo-
nial Secretary the additional clerical assistance he
Mount Langlon, 80th August, 1878.
The following message was brought up from the
House of Assembly, viz.:-
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Legislative Coun-
We are directed by the House of Assembly to
request that Your Honorable House will be pleased
to appoint a Committee, to meet a Committee of the
Assembly, to inquire into the increase of work in
the Secretary's Office, referred to in the Colonial
Secretary's Letter to His Excellency the Governor,
of the 23rd August, 1878, a copy of which has been
laid before the House by His Excellency.
Sessions' House, 2nd September, 1878.
Ordered, that a Message be sent to the House of
Assembly acquainting the House that the Legisla-
tive Council had appointed two of its members to
be a Committee to act with the Committee of the
House of Assembly, as requested in their message of
the 2nd instant-the same to be delivered by the
Honble. Mr. Tucker, as follows:-
Mr. Speaker and Gentlemen of the House of Assembly;
I am directed by the Legislative Council to ac-
quaint Your Honorable House that the Council
has appointed the Honble. J. H. Trimingham and
the Honble. E. Harvey to be a Committee to meet
a Committee of the Assembly, to inquire into the
increase of work in the Colonial Secietary's Office,
as requested in your Message of the 2nd instant.
Council Chamber, 3rd September, 1878.
The:three following Bills were also brought up
from the House of Assembly and severally read a
first time, viz.:-
A Bill entitled An Act to continue the Acts pro-
viding for the collection of the Revenue."
A Bill entitled "An Act to continue the Acts
regulating the payment of Jurors and Constables
and certain other charges of the Courts of Justice,"
A Bill entitled "An Act to continue the Acts
regulating the Sale of Poisons."
The Hon. Mr. Trimingham presented a Petition
from Licensed Pilots of these Islands, praying that
the Pilotage rates may be increased for sundry
reasons therein stated.
The Bill entitled "An Act regulating the Sala-
ries of.the Officers of the Gaols," was read the third
time and passed, and ordered to be laid before His
Excellency the Governor by the Iton. R. E. Web.
Adjourned to Friday next, the 6th instant, at
THE WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA.- A correspondent
of the Daily News, writing from Port Elizabeth,
says :-" Our frontier war seems really drawing to
a close. The death of Sandilli is an actual verified
fact. His body was formally identified, and has
received decent burial. The famous chief of the
Gaikas, who could summon thousands of bravo
warriors to bhis side, whose name carried terror
throughout the frontier in bygone days, perished
miserably a fugitive, and met his death from the
bullet of a Fingoo auxiliary. The moral effect of
his death is immense. The paramount chief of the
haughty and turbulent Gaikas dying a worse than
dog's death in Kaffir eyes, perishing from a Fingoo
bullet, slain by on oof that utterly despised and
hated race-a far worse fate than death in battle
with the English-is an event that will thrill the
heart of Kaffilanld. Loyalty to the chief has caused
many a peaceable Kaffir to leave his farm work and
take to the red blanket and assegai, and we may
consider the Gaika rebellion at an end with the
death of Sandilli. Kreli is still at large and must
be forced to surrender, but the old man can claim
some show oh belligerent rights, and cannot justly
be treated as a rebel on a par with Sandilli and
Seyolo, who has also been shot in a skirmish. But
though the immediate danger on the frontier has
ceased, there was fighting at the Diamond Fields,
and there will soon- be heavy work in the Transvaal
and Zululand. Providentially for our rule, the
native outbreak in South Africa has been badly ar-
ranged. Last September saw Kreli waging war;
Sandilli joined in December; Gongabella and the
Tembus a little later : and then last April a tribe in
the Transvaal, to be followed speedily by the Griqua
- revolt, and that in turn by the very serious rebel-
lion threatening the Diamond Fields, which has
taxed all the energies of Colonel Lanyou, the Ad-
ministrator, who has taken the field, and Sir J. D.
Barry, the Recorder, who has been mainly respon-
sible for raising Volunteers and maintaining the
Government at headquarters. The Zulus Will be
the next to revolt, and we shall indeed have our
hands full. Cetewayo's hosts are some 80,000
strong, and are well armed and disciplined. If
these native races had combined instead of fighting
us in detail, British rule inqSouth Africa would for
a time-have been seriously imperilled, and Sir Bar-
tie Frere's promptitude in bringing Kreli to book
and forcing his band before he was quite ready has,
humanly speaking, saved South Africa.
The rejection of Mr. Merriman's virtual vote of
(ensure on the Governor has been followed by a
Parliamentary lull, which our legislators are taking
advantage ot to secure adequate defence for the
frontier, and to provide ways and means to meet
our deficit of nearly a million sterling, mainly ow-
ing to the war. The defence measures are well
considered, and will provide adequately for the
needs of the country. The Budget speech was
alarming, but still the Government are cheerful.
They have wisely determined not to curtail State
railway expenditure or public works, correctly ar-
guing that it is better for the country to increase its
debt temporarily than to check the sole means of
its legitimate future development. We are start.
ing a house tax, and an excise duty upon Cape
brandy, the ruin of tie native races, and also con-
templating some minor alterations in the customs
tariff. We have not, I believe, even now as heavy
a debt as many other more favored colonies, so we
bave no need to despite of the future."
Written Expressly for the Bermuda Royal Ga eve
A RIDE ON THE GILBERT ELEVATED.
NEW YORK, -
DEAR MR. EDITOR,-One of the latest institu-
tions in this commercial metropolis is thenew Eleva-
ted Railroad' only opened a few weeks ago, from
Trinity Church to Central Park, with other sections
soon to follow in advanced progress. Rapid
Transit" is the order of the day, and who will say
that New York did not require it? With its net
work of street railways and omnibus lines, movements
were slow and often uncomfortable, while cab fares
and carriage hire were out of all reason and the
roadways uncomfortably rough for fast driving, and
the general driving so atrociously bad that resigned
to high fares and rough paving in ordinary thornoubh-
fares, even when not crowded, speed was out of the
question. New York impressed the visitor as a city
of horse cars, only to be commended for not unrea-
The Gilbert Elevated Railroad is a new departure
by no means calculated to improve the beauty of any
street through which it goes, or to render comfort-
able any house it passes; but, with these grave
exceptions, which real estate owners and occupiers
have mainly to deal with, it is nevertheless in its
general results a desideratum of great moment to
the stranger who desires to move about rapidly with
ease, to the business man who wishes to be an up
town residenter and punctual to a certainty at his
place of business, and to many others who need not
be detailed seriatim.
It is true there has existed in New York for some
years an Elevated Railroad on Greenwich Street,
but it failed to excite much general interest, and its
course was not convenient for the current of travel.
Its construction moreover is different, the track
resting on brackets springing from a single pier, all
of iron. The Gilbert Elevated is best described as a
girder bridge spanning the street way between the
sidewalks, the piers--let in at the gutters with suffi-
cient height for ordinary passing traffic. The sta-
tions at cross streets are ornamental, covered stair-
ways with waiting rooms at the top, are on each side
for arrival and departure, stairs at each corner. The
rails are guarded with high check guards and the
way is smooth and pleasant. There is no likely risk
of settlement of the piers, on which the whole weight
rests, to affect the track levels. The carriages on
the American principle are airy and commodious.
Altogether the plant and construction affords the
easiest and most luxuriant and most rapid transit of
anything heretofore in use in America. The vibra-
tion is great in the street and in the houses which
line it on each side, but possibly experiments now on
trial may overcome this. Meanwhile any Mrs
Caudle may wrangle to no purpose, as far as her
good husband may be concerned.
Central Park is put within quick and pleasant ac-
cess, and the uptown Hotels, such as the Windsor
Buckingham and the Roosemore, are brought
into much more convenient use. What the result
on Real Estate may be in consequence of this eleva-
ted railway it would be almost impossible to foretell,
but when commercial confidence again returns they
must be important. The upper part of New York
is brought into contact with the intermediate and
lower sections, and the tendency may be to distribute
in the uptown plots a middle class population who
now go to Brooklyn or reside in the city near their
business places. At all events the opening of this
road marks a new era in New Pork history. It has
really made the Central Park more the property of
the people by rendering it so readily accessible from
cardinal points. To travel by this road is for the
moment popular, and its opening has popularized
this means of locomotion so that the old Greenwich
road has reaped a benefit.
A ride on this Gilbert Elevated Railroad is an
entire novelty and is therefore an excursion attended
with more than ordinary interest. It affords a good
insight into the life of New York, especially when the
thermometer will not condescend to stoop below the
nineties-when windows and blinds are thrown open,
and clothing is reduced to a scale befitting decency
and style. In the cool of the evening and in the
heat of the noon day, you have two distinct pictures.
You pass on a level with the highest stores, with
the first floor and the shew rooms filled with a great
variety of stuff take up your attention, the rapid
transition has the effect of a passing Panorama.
It is probable that the enterprise of the New
Yorkers will so remodel those fronts as to give a
spacious exhibit on this First floor so that stocks
may be noted and selections made en voyage without
loss of time. You encounter a batch of houses
wherein a great variety of mechanical appliances are
carried on, and the incongruous consolidation is in-
deed very apt to provoke a smile. Here is a printer
busy with his stick and rule, a book binder with his
skins, thread and glue, a sewing machine with its va-
riety of work carelessly thrown around, an engraver
at work on his plates, a gunsmith oiling his locks, and
a thousand and one varieties of trades and occupa-
tions which engross the attention of civilized indus-
try. The glimpses into the social life of the people
are amusing, as you observe the different grades of
society steaming along. Here you have the substan-
tial red brick front relieved by free stone dressings,
the prevailing New York building material, which
has supplanted the brown free stone and marble.
There the old house of two storeys with its dingy
material and inelegant attic, once perhaps the abode
of a leading family in days not deeply recessed in
the past, now the modest shelter of ordinary folks
whose visage and dress show that the world does
not shower on them many of her dainties. The
study of humanity, thus speedily viewed in rapid
transit, presents a picture of no ordinary sort, and
fraught with numerous lessons, which carry with
them great instruction. You have a look in at the
Upper Floors heretofore concealed from the public
gaze where no precautions, as on the Ground Floor
have been taken to shield the interior from the pass-
ers by. So much for the streets through which the
Elevated passes. You get also at every crossing a
transverse view of the city, and you see the various
styles of building which appertain to special streets,
how the tone improves as you move up town and
how Central Park has not yet been wholly con-
fronted with the finer structures which in this up
quarter find favour. To gain a comprehensive idea
of New York go the Elevated. At your dignified ease
you can drink in at every corner and gain a good
knowledge of what is what. When the system now
.nearly completed shall have been opened to the
public the East section of New York will have been
opened up for similar inspection with equally aston-
ishing results. As we rode on the Elevated we
deemed it a convenience and a novel exhibition to.
Anything savouring of novelty has a charm about it
and so the attraction of the Elevated is its entire
change of programme, its novel sights, its new ex-
periences. Mounting and dismounting the stair-
ways is the least gratifying part of the expedition,
but even that is no drawback to people with good
lungs. Doubtless in time an Elevator may be sap-
plied for those who are unequal to the exertion or
who are unwilling to take it. So far as the ease
and convenience of the road is concerned, there can
be no question, as to its stability even under the se-
vere test of frost, little doubt. It is however a great
disfigurement of the streets, a detraction from the
comforts of the houses which line them and a cum-
bersome block up of free circulation. A ride over
the road has all the freshness of fascination and the
objects of its design so well attained may qualify
some of the other serious objections to which it is
unquestionably open. S. T. R.
Riley, the man who was taken from Fifty-fourth
street, New York, to the Quarantine station suffer-
from supposed yellow fever, died Monday evening,
and Health Officer Vanderpoel reports that the
symptoms 0o the fever were very apparent.
LIFELIKE IN DEATH.
A Remarkable Invention for Preserving the Bodies of
A remarkable contribution to science is Dr. Rod-
gers' chemical solution styled the Allekton" for
preserving dead bodies. The word is Greek and is
freely translated "everlastingly." The Doctor,
who hails from San Francisco, invented this com-
pound a year and a half ago while making experi-
ments for the preservation of meat. His attention
was attracted to the subject more particularly on
reading of the cremating process of Dr. Lemoyne in
Pennsylvania which he regarded as revolting in the
extreme. In order to bring the matter in the fullest
light before the public the Doctor placed himself
in communication with the leading scientists of the
country, and in response to numerous invitations
consented to come to this city, and give an explan-
ation of his process. About fifty physicians and
undertakers from this city, New Haven, Baltimore,
and other large cities assembled yesterday afternoon
at the rooms of Mr. Stephen Merrit, in eighth ave-
nue, to witness the experiments. Shortly after 3
o'clock Dr. Rodgers appeared, and in a very modest
way introduced himself to his audience. He is a
tall, well built man of fifty-three, with a large in-
tellectual head, slightly bald, light hair, and has
the address and manner of a professional lecturer.
While he was speaking the curiosity of his bearers
was aroused by three open caskets which lay behind
The Process.-" If the gentleman will now step
forward," said be, I will. explain the process."
One of the caskets contained the body of a woman
who died of dropsy; afiother that of a woman who
was carried off by a malignant disease, and the
third was that of a man who died of consumption.
The body of one of the women had been lying in the
Morgue and the undertakers's thirty-two days, and
yet, under the influence of the newly discovered
fluid, not only was there no offensive odor, but the
limbs were entirely flexible and the skin assumed a
life-like hue. The Doctor exhibited the "needle"
used in the process, a tube about fourteen inches
long and one-third of an inch in diameter, with a
tapering point, which is inserted in the abdomen
and forced upward through the diaphragm, first
over one lung, then over another and lastly into
the intestines, the fluid being pumped in by a small
rubber tube. The average quantity is one quart.
A small flat brush used by painters in varnishing
is next dipped into the fluid and passed over the
entire body and this part of the process the doctor
styles brushing." This completed. the body, it is
claimed remains intact for months and years.
Of course," said the Doctor, "we do not propose
to prevent absolute putrid decomposition, but we
have accomplished the fact that the body shall re-
main perfectly innocuous." He said that it was
astonishing how people sit in churches where bodies
are interred and never realize their danger.
Poisonous Gases.-" Seven bodies recently re-
moved from one church," he said, contained gases
sufficient to poison 27,000 persons. Eleven ceme-
teries have recently been closed in the city of Lon-
don for this reason, according to Wilson's Hy-
giene," and from the same authority we learn that a
few drops of decomposing animal matter, Impregna-
ted in a well, poisoned 487 persons. This is the
most powerful poison known, according the ablest
scientists. A body weighing 150 pounds, generates
120,000 cubic feet of gas. A decomposing body
gives off sulphuretted hydrogen and ammonia,
which are offensive to the smell. The other gases
emitted are not offensive, but are poisonous, so that
people are frequently poisoned by gases without
knowing it. When sulphuretted hydrogen is breath-
ed it causes diarrhea, typhus and typhoid fever,
which was proved in all the war from the Crimea to
the Turco-Russian." The molecules in smallpox
cases penetrate the earth and come to the surface as
water percolates and entering our houses is breathed
and creates disease."
Death to Contagion.-With the new compound the
Doctor said he would enter the abodes of the worst
cases of smallpox, typhus or yellow fever and render
these maladies perfectly innocuous. Its primary
effect, he said, is to destroy contagion, and in this
respect it is the most powerful agent ever placed
within the reach of man, so that it will at once
preserve the health of the living and the bodies of
the dead. The Doctor frequently rubs it on his
hands, and can even drink it in solution in small
quantities. Physicians have claimed that nothing
can penetrate dead tissues. Dr. Rogers has falsi-
fied this theory in one of his early experiments on
the body of a woman who had been dead thirty
days. He colored the fluid black and injected it
into the body and when the leg was afterward cut
the flesh appeared a natural red color and the dark
fluid oozed out. "We have proved beyond all
question," said the Doctor, that it not only pre-
vents but arrests decomposition, and Professor
Wood and other eminent physicians in this city
admit it alter the severest tests."
An instance in point.-The first instance of the
application ofjhe "Allekton" in this city is not
only so full of interest, but so startling, that men-
tion of it cannot be here omitted. The wife of a
wealthy gentleman residing in Forty.seventh street,
died of puerperal fever on the 28th of last May,
in her thirty-eighth year. Prior to her demise she
requested her husband not to have her remains in-
terred for six days. After the third day the odor
from the body became so offensive, notwithstanding
the large quantity of ice used that the undertaker
suggested an immediate interment. "No," said
the distracted husband, I will carry out my poor
wife's wishes to the letter." The undertaker had
recourse to Dr. Rogers, who, after a brief consulta-
tion, had the consent of the husband to apply the
fluid. Not only was decomposition arrested but
the face resumed a lifelike hue and the limbs be-
came relaxed. The body was interred at the end of
the six days in the family vault at Woodlawn, and
there some touching incidents of this kind may be
witnessed twice or three times a week when the
gentleman enters the vault, unlocks the casket, gazes
upon and embraces the body of his wife. A few
days ago he entered the vault with his little child
of three years and when he lifted the little one over
the casket it cried out Oh, papa, there's mamma,"
and both father and child kissed the remains as
affectionately as in life. This scene, according to
Dr, Rodgers, may be continued for years."-New
York Herald, August 2.
Dr. F. Mook, who for some time past has been
busily engaged in making excavations in different
parts of Egypt, has just returned to Freiburg, (Ba-
den), with a large,.collection of antiquities. There
is no doubt that his collection is the most complete
in its special direction which has ever been brought
to Europe. It contains no less than 840 skulls
from the tombs of Thebes, Dendera, Abydos, and
the Pyramid fields, all in the most perfect preserva-
tion. Besides these there are some eighty animal
mummies, a large quantity of flint implements from
Nubia and Egypt, vases, amulets, ornaments, etc.
The collection is now exhibited in the University
buildings at Freiburg.
After a month's stay at Khartoum, waiting for
permission from the Khedive to cross the frontier,
Signor Gessi's party reached Fadassi on the borders
of the Galla country, on March 19. They intend to
penetrate into the country of the Gallas, many of
whom are met with at Fadassi, where they go to
exchange cattle for salt. Three hours' distance
from this place is the Sabos River, the banks of
which are inhabited by the Amimi tribe, a savage
people, who are in the habit of waylaying the cara-
vans taking salt into the Galla country.
Mr. W. St. C. Boscawen has discovered amonz
the contract tablets in the British Museum two do-
cuments of great interest to geometricians. At-
tached to two terra-cotta tablets containing deeds
of sale of estates near Babylon, Mr. Boscawen
found two neatly-drawn plans of the estates in
question. The first of these is a deed relating to
the sale of some land which took place towards the
latter end of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar. It.re-
presents an estate of about eight and a half acres in
area, and bounded on the northern side by the
canal of the goddess Banituo. The names of the
owners of all the adjacent lands are given, and the
greatest care is taken in giving the dimensions of
these plots of land. The whole is divided into three
pairs of parallelograms, and check dimensions are
taken to test the accuracy of the work. A simicir-
cular portion- on the east side is most carefully mea-
sured, both radius and circumference being given.
The second plan is unfortunately in a mutilated
condition, but the remaining portions shows the
same care and neatness as is found in the perfect
one. The deed of sale in this second document is
written on the reverse of the tablet, and is dated in
the reign of Darius Hystaspes. The value of these
documents as bases by which to fix both the lunar
and area measures in use in Babylonia is very great.
Both these documents form portions of the now
well-known series of the Ejibi tablets. Mr. Bosca-
wen ho4es shortly to publish these documents, ac-
companied by fac-similes of the plans and transla-
tions of the deeds relating to them.-Athenaum.
The Marquis Antinori is believed to be still at
Shoa, engaged in organizing a scientific station, and
in making researches into the zoology of the coun-
try. Captain Cecchi and Signor Chiarini propose
to examine the southern districts of Shoa and the
upper portion of the Hawa-h river.
The African traveller, Hildebrandt, recommends
strongly, in the Korrespondenzblatt der afrik, Ge-
sellschaft, the use of petroleum for those travelling
in the tropics, as a protection against insects. Oc-
casional applications to the face and hands ensured
entire freedom from mosquitos, and the same me-
thod sufficed to preserve horses and cattle against the
deadly attack of the Dondorobo gadfly, which so
often cripples the movements of the explorer. Pe-
troleum, likewise, protected the natural history col-
lections of the traveller from ants, moths, &c.
LONDON, August 24. -Baron Blackburn, Lord ot
Appeal; Sir Robert Lush, Justice of the Court o
Queen's Bench, England; Judge Charles R. Barry
of the Court of Queen's Bench, Ireland, and SiL
James Fitzjames Stephen, Q. C., the eminent jurist,
have been appointed commissioners to consider the
changes in the draft of a penal code, which was sub-
mitted at the recent session of Parliament and to
present an amended bill at the next session.
A. N. Duffie, United States Consul at Cadiz,
Spain, reports to the Department of State that in
consequence of difficulties heretofore met in at.
tempting to procure the admission of foreign sea-
men to the established hospitals of Cadiz, the for.
eign Consuls residing in that city have agreed, in
founding a new hospital. It was to be opened on
the 25th of July last, and to be called the Protest-
General Grant writes to a friend in Philadelphia
that after visiting Austria he designs spending some
four or five weeks at some watering place on the con-
tinent. His present intention is to make a tour of the
world, passing the winter months in India and China.
After observing the methods and manners of most of
the people on the face of the globe, he will return to
America by the way of San Francisco.
The Duke of Connaught is having, most of the pre-
sents he intends for his bride, the Princess of Prussia
prepared in Paris. Among them is an opera glass
which is a chef-d'ceuvre of silversmith's work. The
crowned cipher of the Princess stands out in diamonds
and precious stones, and the whole article is covered
with gems, the richness of which does not exclude
their application with good taste. Another object
worthy of notice is the fittings in gold and turquoise
for a parasol with a handle of the same, and a similar
article in lapis-lazuli and oxidized silver which is a ver-
itable work of art.
The once famous Sadler's Wells Theatre, London,
where Phelps once produced his long list of Shake-
spearean plays, and all the world went to see them, is
again for sale. The theatre is 113 years old, and was
once the glory of London, but now it does not pay,
and its career as a place of amusement is likely to end,
though there is attached to it an unexpired lease of
thirty-three years, and the rent is less than $1,500
per annum. It once stood in a good neighborhood,
but is now in the midst of all that is unromantic-water-
works on the one hand, a music hall on the other, and
squalor all round about.
To shoot oneself with turpentine is certainly a new
idea in suicide. Theodore Reisner took dinner with
his family in Rochester last Saturday, and then went
into the front room of the house. In a few minutes
his wife heard a noise like the explosion of a cap.
She went into the room and found her husband lying
on the floor with a gun close by, from the muzzle ot
which smoke was rising. An examination led to the
belief that the gun had been charged with powder and
wad and a quantity of turpentine then poured into the
barrel, after which the unfortunate man placed the
muzzle in his mouth and exploded the powder, driving
the whole charge down his throat. The only external
injury visible was a slight discoloration on the upper
lip, but his tongue and larynx were frightfully lacerat-
ed. It was not a strikingly successful operation, for
he did not die until five hours after the turpentine was
A young lady, the daughter of Mr. C. K. Hall, an
Englishman practising in Paris as a French advocate,
has just successfully passed her second examination at
the Sorbonne. This entitles Miss Hall to the Univer-
sity diploma of Bachelor of Arts (Bachelier des Let-
It appears that the exports of the United States since
1868 have increased by $411,293,898, while the im-
ports have fallen off since 1873 by $201,792,893.
The excess of exports of domestic merchandise over
net imports in the last three years has been $488,-
-Poti'ecf t usAi Ftt i 1
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RISKS taken both oi REAL and PERSONAL
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iiampilton, Septenmber 9th, 1856.
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Heid Street, West of Royal Gazette" Office.
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\\ill Visit St. Georges, Tuesdays and Fri-
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every Tuesday by Dow,.Db M'PHEa LEE,
Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent
AT HIS OFFICE,
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where Blanks, Hand-bills, &C., will be
printed at the shortest notice -Agent
at St. Georges for the 'Royjal Gazelle
JAMES THIES, Esqr., Post Master General.
Supplement to the Bermuda Royal Gazette.
Hamilton, T esday, Sept. 10, 1878..
ST. GEORGE'S, Sept. 9th, 1878.
To the Editor of the Royal Gazette.
SiR,-Generously permit me to correct some of
the graver mis-statements in the Colonist of the
week before last. I will endeavour to keep as
closely as possible to this simple line, and there
does not seem to me to be necessity for doing much
more. I would certainly wish to pass by in silence
the much-to-be-regretted and unprovoked scurri-
lity of the article in question.
I am aware that the "Reformed Episcopal
Church Bill" has failed--failed, as I am told, on a
technical point; but who shall say how much also
as one of the casualties of that stormy morning
(when so many other seemingly well-supported
things came to the ground), or in consequence of
the w-7'Jen deLcetion of one or two of its former
friends P? The occasion for my present writing is
1ot, however, removed by that fact-which, let us
h hopa, may yet be turned to some good account. No
attempt at justice ever really fails. Disappointed
of its own object, it may lead to still wider and
worthier results of justice bye and bye.
The Colonist fails, as I think, in that it so persis-
tently refuses to recognize the morality of the case,
which was the ground on which I ventured to base
-much of my argument; and, jesuitically miscon-
strues, misquotes and misrepresents many of my
remarks. Perhaps the public-that same "impar-
tial public" to which the Colonist appeals-will
take the trouble to compare again the editorial and
I am first adroitly made to disclaim all per-
sonal' interest in the question as to the amount of
pecuniary support that should be allowed to the
Reformed Episcopal Church." If that so-called
"disclaimer" was "hardly necessary," the sneer to
which it gives occasion was quite as unnecessary.
Of course I had a personal interest in the matter.
That might have been taken for granted. But I
said no such thing as the thing imputed. I said
nothing about personal "interest" at all, nor any-
thing warranting that interpretation. What I said
was (what would have been seen at once had the
Colonist quoted the remark in full and not that part
only which could be easiest twisted)-" Personally,
I have nothing to do with the question as to what
amount of pecuniary support should be allowed to
the Reformed Episcopal Church, nor as to the way
in which it should be given-by separate grant or
by numbers. That is for the Legislature to de-
cide, on all the grounds. All the same, I may
make some abstract comments on the matter, as I
should suppose it to be regarded by the majority
of the House." That is to say, it was not for me,
personally, to discuss the question as to amount or
method; I would leave that, as I must, to the Le-
gislature to determine: all I wanted wassome pro-
vision; newrtheless, as the editorial I was comment-
ing on had been put forth, as I said, "in the ab-
sence of any published report of the debate," and
the public, consequently, were in possession of no
contra arguments to set against it, I would make
some abstract comments on the matter, as I should
suppose it tofbe regarded by the majority of the
House: ." Arid my remarks were of that abstract,
suppositional nature throughout. I was even care-
ful to add, at a point further on in the letter, I
am only putting the case as I conclude it must
have presented itself to the majority of the House."
I must next refer, though itis somewhat painful
to do as, to the sentence, Then bursts forth all
the discontent that is secretly cherished against the
Church out of which the sect to which Mr. Bilkey
recently claims to belong has proceeded." (The
shakiness of the sentence is the Colonist's, not mine.)
Now, unless that statement was warranted by the
tone or terms of my letter, it was a most unkind
and unjust thing to say. If it was warranted, then
I am sorry for it; but I do not think it was. I
fail to see where that stormy "bursting forth of
discontent" comes in. Neither is it warranted by
general facts. I can speak for my brethern else-
where, as well as for myself, when I say most em-
phatically that the deepest respect and veneration
is cherished" for the Church which we still love
to regard as a sort of mother of us all," and only
her degeneracy is grieved over. It was, besides,
an unfortunate thing for the Colonist to say; for
that paper had no little to do with exciting the
spirit of discontent" and the sad troublous ele-
ments of four years ago. A better spirit, I am
sure, prevails now, and one which not the Colonist
certainly will be able to disturb.
Coming now to what I had said as to the num-
bers returned from the Church of England being
"swelled by religious nondescripts, no-churchers, to
an extent it would be difficult to conceive," I fear
I must quote the Colonist at length. "Now, with
regard to the wholesale appropriation of religious
nondescripts, no-churchers,' &ec., by the Church of
England-in order to swell' its numbers-we must
give that an unqualified denial. Mr. :Bilkey can-
not find a single word in any Legislative enact-
ment on this subject that will warrant such an as-
sertion. We challenge him to the proof; and we
find it difficult to acquit him of a deliberate inten-
tion to mislead the public on this point, for he ap-
peals to the last census returns', and having these
returns before him he must know that over and
before the number returned under the respective
headings of Church of England', 'Presbyterian',
Wesleyan', &c., there is also a return made under the
head of OTHER DENOMINATIONS." That is certainly
so, as other eyes besides the Colonist's" can see.
But where on the Census Schedules is the column
for persons of No Denomination ? for the many
who either tell you they don't believe in Churches,
or practically never attend any Church at all from
ear's end to year's end P Where in the census do
mIey appear ? The column for Other Denomina-
Aions" is inserted for such as cannot be classified
under any one of the specified headings-i. e. for
Baptists, Congregationalists, Plymouth Brethrn, or
others who may not be in such numbers in the Col-
ony as to have a recognized Church or congrega-
tion. The total number returned for the whole
country, under that heading, is only 76. Would
that small number anything like cover the no-
churchers ? Then where do these latter appear ?
Where but in the returns for the Church of Eng-
land P? The Colonist may be quite correct in saying
I cannot find a single word in any Legislative
enactment on this subject that will warrant such
an assertion," if by that is meant any Law ex-
pressly authorising this "wholesale appropria-
tion." But the principle is laid down in Act 12,
sec. 4, 1866 (popularly known as the Vestry Act,")
and the public know, and the Census returns clearly
show, that the principle there laid down~must have
been the one proceeded upon by the Census, there
being not one individual in the entire population
whose name does not appear as a member of some
Church, while there are hundreds who really be-
long to no Church. That Act runs-" For the pur-
poses of assessment every person shall be deemed
and taken to be a person in connection with the
Church of England who shall not . .
have notified in writing to the Church Wardens
that such person is not in connection with the
Church of England but with some other Religious
Society or a Jew." There are certain reasons for
this, as I well known, and reasons which no doubt
seemed good ones to the framers of the Act; those
reasons I do not now discuss-if I have done any-
thing to establish the fact, it is enough.
I am charged with wilfully (and in order that
that concentrated "discontent" may "burst forth")
passing by the case of the Rev. Mr. Thorburn,
which, it is claimed, is identical in principle with
that of the Clergymen of the Church of England.
I find no fault with the exception made in his
case" ; I am satisfied with it." Quite true. 1 i
do find no fault with it, and am satisfied with it (
for my purpose. I am wanting in "frankness"
when I do so pass it by. Am I ? I hold that Mr.
Thorburn's case is the only real and honest excep- o
tion in the Act of 1869. My whole argument was, t
that while it is pret-ndId that the Episcopal Clergy 1
are paid by numbers, they are really paid by grant.
In the clause relating to Mr. Thorburn no refer-
ence whatever is made to numbers, rateable reduc-
tion, or the like-it stands a written exception, as it
is also a practical one. Therefore, I had no occa-
sion to consider that -special case; it could have no t
place in my nla'lunv't. I am aware that in the 1
clause relating to tl.- Ei--:.:,.ll Clergy, as in that
relating to Mr. Thorburn, it is understood (if not
as plainly stated as in the latter clause) that in
consideration of their having been in receipt of a
fixed salary for a number of years, they shall re-
ceive each 140 per annum. But it is also said 4
that they shall be paid by numbers; and in case of
failure of numbers there shall be a rateable reduc- 1
tion of stipends, but the Public Treasury shall not
fail to make them up to the same 140. Then how
are they paid ? And why should anything at all
be said about numbers in their case ? It is no-
thing to the point that they are not to receive that
amount in perpetuity." That simply means that
the amount will not be so made up in the case of
future Rectors. Enough, that while the present
Lectors are ostensibly paid by numbers, they are
really paid by fixed grant.
I had ventured to bring forward the case of the
Wesleyan Society, which had likewise enjoyed a
stated grant for many years, but which, unlike the
Episcopal Church, was now rigidly tied down to
payment by numbers. Here the Colonist quotes
the Attorney General (1867) to the effect that no
Wesleyan Minister is endowed out of the Public
Treasury, nor does any one of them receive a fixed
salary secured by law, as in the case of the clergy
of the Church of England and of Mr. Thoiburn ;
therefore they cannot be regarded as having any
vested right." No Wesleyan Minister did receive a
fixed salary, but the Wesleyan Church received a
fixed grant, which is all'the some in fact. I find
that the preamble to the Act of 1869 describes that
former something as an "annual salary" in the
cases of the Episcopal Clergy and Mr. Thorburn,
and as an annual allowance" in the cases of the
Wesleyan Society and the Roman Catholic Church;
and to my mind the two phrases are literally and
legally equivalent and interchangeable. The whole
value of the Attorney General's statement must
turn on his definition-whatever that may be-of
what constitutes an "endowment." The Episco-
pal Clergy for a longer, and the Wesleyan Church
for a shorter period (but the difference in dura-
tion does not really affect the principle), enjoyed
fixed grants secured by law-I am not particu-
lar that they should be called endowments;-the
former are to receive the same for an indefinite
period (as long, indeed, as the present Incumbents
hold their livings), while the latter, after a few
years of grace, is brought down, willy-nilly, to
payment by numbers. And it occurs to me to re-
mark here that there was, to say the least of it,
something manifestly unequal in securing the un-
limited continuance of the fixed amount of 140 to
present Rectors who, as being all comparatively
young men, might expect to enjoy the same for as
many as twenty or thirty years, and only continu-
ing the Wesleyan's grant for five short years.
The Colonist states that the figure of 70 was
inserted in the Bill, not for the reason put forward
by me, but because the House was misled as to the
number of my congregation, conflicting assertions
being made on the point by different members.
Well, I still think it was for the reason suggested
by me. It was agreed that certainly one half
(though some said more) of the congregation form-
erly worshipping at St. Peter's were represented in
my Church. The number return: -.1 for St. Peter's
was over 1400; halving that, the sum of 70 was
come at. The House had no other certain numbers
to guide them. As a matter of fact, there never
was and never could be a congregation of 1,400 at
St. Peter's (though the Colonist must confess to
that number, if it still desires to hold fast by its
argument on the questions of nondescriptss.")
For the moral purpose of the Bill there could as
well be 700 in the Reformed Episcopal Church as
700 in St. Peter's. Which is true ? Neither.
Then the House could but split the number as it
stood in the census total.
Now I come to the startling statement of my
own numbers, and the way the Colonist gets at them.
In the preceding Editorial I had "less than 200" ; in
the one I am considering it is 150! (The Colonist is
mistaken when it says that it had the week before
"positively stated" that the number was 150.) Using
the reverse end of the telescope, the Colonist sees
us even a smaller object than before! I fear me
greatly that the Colonist would not answer as a
census-taker after all-though I did suggest for it
that office ; it would be so likely to send in one
return one week and another' the next. It now,
for the first time, makes the "positive statement"
that the number is 150; and it gets that total (or
professes to) from a Register which is kept in the
Church, in which all those persons who are avowed
members of the Church record their names." Indeed!
Now a word from me who can speak on the mat-
ter, as to that same Register. It is not an official
or authorized record at all, is never relied on, never
quoted. At one of the organized meetings held at
the birth of the Church, it was suggested by some-
one that it would be well for those intending to
connect themselves therewith to record their names.
Some did so, others took no notice of the suggestion.
The Book was kept in the Vestry for a few weeks
in order to receive additional names, and a few
were added. I then (now three years ago) brought
the book home to my own study, where it has re-
mained ever since ; I use it chiefly for the recording
of Baptisms; and though many have joined us
since then, I have scarcely ever thought it desirable
to insert or obtain the signature of one single name.
I will even tell the Colonist that there are not so
many as 100 names of the present congregation en-
tered in that book! I am not going to tell the
Colonist what our numbers really are, for the rea-
son that I cannot tell myself, and have no means of
knowing. But if St. Peter's formerly had a total
swelled up by non-descripts to 1,497 or now to (say)
700, we have adherents, sympathetic and helpful,
all over the country.
As to the second main argument of my letter, I
can only repeat that the Legislature clearly had to
choose between two wrongs; of which the greater
was that another clergyman should be virtually
paid for the work which I do unpaid. To talk, as
the Colonist 'does, about vested rights and the ex-
isting Episcopal fixed grants not applying to fu-
ture Rectors, is only to evade present practical
difficulty. The Colonist's view is fair enough, for a
one-sided one: the present Rector does get the
140 in-consideration of his vested right, and can
get no less under any circumstances. My argu-
ment did not seek to disturb him in that possession.
But, after all had been said that could be said on
that score, the great moral fact still remained and
pressed to be dealt with, viz., that the ordinary,
week-by-week ministrations formerly pertaining to
one Church alone, are now divided between two
Churches, and one-half is left unrecognised and
And now as to the Roman Catholic Church. I
had expressed a doubt whether the Roman Catholic
Chaplain could be shown to have any sort of foot-
ing with the rest, as being an ecclesiastic appointed
and paid by the Imperial Government, and as
holding no living in the Colony in the sense that
others do ; and I cited the Act of 1865, under
which the first provision ever made for the Roman
Catholic Church was made for the first regular, res-
dent, civilian Priest. (It could not be that the
Church was left unprovided for before because it
was too small to have a claim, for the Census of
1861 had returned as many as 118 Roman Cath-
)lics.) The Colonist's first answer to this is that
the Chaplain does act as a bona fide Parish Priest,
by the authority of the Archbishop of Halifax.
That is nothing to the point, and the Legislature
no doubt knew the fact before 1865, the date at
which it began to provide for a resident Priest in-
stead of a Chaplain for whom it had not provided.
That the Chaplain is by his own ecclesiastical au-
thorities empowered to act as a Minister to Civi-
lians, over and above his own proper Military
work, is a piece of information not at all surpris-
ing to those who know with what splendid minute-
ness of ordiliness all the agencies of the Roman Cath-
olic Church are worked. Let it be readily admitted,
then, that he has the proper faculties for the dio-
cese and a mission to minister to the civilian
Roman Catholics in the Colony; it is very evident
that the Legislature did not see in that fact a suffi-
cient reason to provide for a Chaplain, prior to
1865. And when I again compare the Acts of
1865 and 1869 I find it difficult to get rid of the
impression that it is a regular Priest, as distin-
guished from a Military Chaplain, that is contem-
plated in both.
The Colonist's other answer is a text of scripture!
However, it is a scripture of its own, and there-
fore not as formidable, perhaps, as it might other-
wise have been. (Is it usually considered the
proper thing for a journal, not a sectarian one, to
obtrude its own private interpretations of Scrip-
ture upon the public in the way the Colonist has
now, though I believe for the first time, done P?)
The text (Colonist's reading) is 1 Tim. 5 17, "Let
the Priests that serve well be esteemed worthy of
double pay." A very convenient and covetable
translation is that double pay." I wonder if my
own congregation could be got to accept it ? I
wish they would. I am at a loss to know whether
I personally, or the Legislature, or who, are called
upon to esteem the Roman Catholic Priest as wor-
thy of double pay. I am asked if I will "continue
to question the Priest's right to the pittance the
law allows." What, allows on the basis of that
Roman Catholic translation ? Then again, I don't
see "Priest"-Roman Catholic or any other-in
that text. I must decline, as will all this Protest-
ant community, to be guided by the Colonist's ipse
dixit on any point of Greek Testament exegesis.
We shall continue I believe-though it may be
very ignorant in us-to read presbuteros" as
"elder," "superior," or "presbyter" (the word
which is its unchanged English literalization); and
as having a very different etymological meaning
from "hiereus," a priest or sacrifice.
Lastly, the Colonist desires to "dissent from the
view that every Church has a a New Testament
right to be brought up to the same happy level' '
with the rest. I don't think your readers will be' .
surprised to hear that from the Colonist. "That
doctrine," the Colonist says, -" would hardly find
favour with the majority of our tax-payers." What
on earth tax-payers, as such, have got to do with
the theological question of the equality of Churches,
I must confess I fail to see.
Apologising for a larger encroachment on your
space than I intended, and promising never to
trouble you again in this immediate matter,
I am, yours very truly,
R. ANTHONY BILKEY.
LORD BEACONSFIELD'S GOVERNMENT
AND THE LATE CRISIS.
The Morning Post remarks that England has now
for the first time an opportunity of calmly consider-
ing the events of one of the most critical epochs of
her history; and in proceeding to review its inci-
dents observes that Lord Beacousfield's Government
has dispelled the idea, lWeqalent during so many
years, that England had reffhid into her workshops
and her counting-houses, and was no longer to be
reckoned with as a great military Power determined
to hold her place in the Councils of Europe. This
is a "British interest" which the mass of the Eng-
lish people understand, and they are proud of the
man who, long before the crisis arrived which roused
the milit ry instincts of the country from one end to
another. .~W&red with a voice heard throughout the
world that Englishmen would protect their honour
and defend their interests at the cost not only of one,
nor of two, nor even of three campaigns. It is the first
and the greatest result of the policy of the Govern-
ment that it has removed an impressiontfatal to the
honor of Her Majesty's Empire and to the personal
dignity of every one of Her subjects. The "Civis
Romanus sum" has been restored to its former
potency. Of course there is a considerable number
of persons who do not thank the Government for
what they have done with regard to this particular
point, or with regard to any of the other results that
have attended their policy. But a broad distinction
must be drawn between those who have watched the
progress of the Eastern Question from the point of
view of British interests and British honour and those
who have regarded it either from a factious or a
humanitarian point of view. -Pall Mall Gazette, Au-
MR. GLADSTONE AND THE JEWISH DISABILITIES.
-The following' correspondence has taken place in
relation to the language us d by Mr. Gladstone in
the House of Commons ii regard to the Earl of
Beaconsfield's conduct in favour of the Jews:-
"To the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P.-
Hon. Sir.-Disputation having arisen concerning
the actual construction to be placed upon the fol-
iowing sentence uttered by you in the House of
Commons on Tuesday, I would feel obliged by your
honouring me with a reply as to the accuracy of
the assertion that the utterance was ambigious, and
contained a covert allusion to the Prime Minister's
sympathy with the race whence he has sprung, it
being eminently desirable that a misconstruction
be not placed thereon, and prejudice against you,
sir, consequently engendered and strengthened :-
' Here I must say, in passing, that I would make no
adverse comment upon Lord Beaconsfield, for in
my opinion his resolute courage through good and
evil report in contending for the emancipation of
the Jews is one of the brightest phases in the action
he has taken.' Another report has it :-'And here
I cannot help paying a tribute to Lord Beacons-
field's real courage in insisting upon the emancipa-
tion of the Jews in these provinces.'-I have the
honor to be, honoured Sir, your humble and obe.
dient 'servant (Signed), Louis BERG."-" Hawar-
den, August 8, 1878.-Sir,-Neither report is ac-
curate, but neither is ambiguous. My words des-
cribed Lord Beaconsfield's conduct about Jewish
disabilities as honorable to him. So I think it, and
I was glad of an opportunity of so describing it.-
Your faithful servant (Signed), W. E. GLADSTONE."
PARIS, August 81.-Fournier, the French am-
bassador to Constantinople, on leave of absence,
is ordered to return to his post forthwith.
A canard about Gambetta's proposed marriage
with an heiress is sufficiently refuted by the fact
that the lady named has been married five years
and her husband is alive.
Much dissatisfaction exists among the exhibitors
at the exhibition in consequence of the report that
the official list of awards will not be published un-
til the 22nd October, the day following the cere-
mony of the distribution of prizes and only nine
days before the close of the exhibition. French
journals urge the injustice and uselessness of such
delay and demand that the successful exhibitors be
promptly notified of the workof 1