The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder

Material Information

The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Place of Publication:
Hamilton Bermuda
D.M. Lee
Publication Date:
Three times a week[Jan. 1910-Dec. 1920]
Weekly[ FORMER 1828-<Dec. 28, 1899>]
Semiweekly[ FORMER <Apr. 2, 1901>-Dec. 1909]
three times a week


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Hamilton (Bermuda Islands) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bermuda Islands ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Bermuda Islands -- Hamilton


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1828?
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-v. 93, no. 153 (Dec. 30, 1920).
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan. 22, 1828).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain.  The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide. 
Resource Identifier:
46887227 ( OCLC )
sn2003060500 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Bermuda gazette (Hamilton, Bermuda Islands : 1821)
Succeeded by:
Bermuda colonist
Succeeded by:
Royal gazette and colonist daily

Full Text


No. 10.-Vol. LI. STATE SUPER VIAS ANTIQUE %.S. 24s per Ann

Hasamilton. Bermuda, Tiuesday, March 5, I878.


Bermuda .Dockyard,
23RD FEBRvARY, 1878.
ES can be supplied from H. M. Dockyard, -as
the stock of such in the Naval Stores, &e., is
only sufficient to meet the requirements.
Captain in Charge of
2 Naval Establishment

Mew *Idldvertisemen t.
BASKETS-all sizes
b ROOMS-different kinds
HO1'S- Loose and Pressed
Bu kwheat FLOUR
Pac' ages Crushed WHEAT
Family Grocery,
Queen Street,
N. B.-Inspection solicited. ,
Hamilton, Feby. 26th, 1878.-2

T HE Co-partnership heretofore
Existing under the firm name of BELL &
YOUNG, is think day dissolved by mutual coi-
Ebenezer Bell is authorised to sign in liquida-
I All Accounts remaining unpaid on 31st March
1878, (except those previously arranged for) will
be placed in legal hands for collection.
Hamilton 31st January, 1878.-8 3

rf 'HE Business of the late Firm will be con-
tinued by the undersigned in his own name,
until further notice.
IHamilton, Feby 1, 1878.


NO TICE.T lTHE Subscriber hereby tenders
his very best thanks to a generous Public
for the liberal share of patronage already extend,
NEW MODE OF COLLECTING ed to him, and respectfully solicits a continuation
S __ of the same.
T HE Undersigned will, after two FRED A. WHITE,
week's notice in the Gazette," advertise Family Grocer,
Accounts due him, beginning from 1872. Please Nos. 10 & 12, Queen St.
save your Names and pay up. Hamilton, Feby. 26, 18768.-2
G. W. CASTNE,ady Forwarding agency .
I East BroadwayFeby., 18 8.--2 ..
IHamilton, 25th Feby., 1878.-2

Sugar! Sugar!!
Fa om c DeCni'r a,
.- Yellow Vacuum-pan-in Barrels
White Vacuum-pan do
Muscovado, in Barrels
At Low Rates for CASH.
Hamilton. 25th Febtuary, 1878.
Ent W 9i G f J

I am constantly Receiving
From the New York liarkel,
Of all sizes,
Five Barrels of Well-sprung
Garnet Seed POTATOES.
Superior White Seed CORN
For Sale,
Terms Reasonable, by
Hamilton, February 19, 1878.

4as Just Received from London,
A Superior Lot of Gentlemen's
WMater or Hoof BRUSHES
Spoke BRUSHES Curry and Mane COMBS
Gents and Ladies Riding WHIPS
Carriage WHIPS
Horse and Donkey Cart HARNESSES
Carriage LAMPS, &c.
Harness and Carriage Establishment, under
the Town Hall, East Front St., Hamilton.
February 18th, 1878.-4


Cheap and Durabl,
American Novelties,
LA MPS and Patent BURN ERS,
Lamps Repaired,
The Improved Little .Night Lamp.
Five Doors West of "Gazette" Office,
Mr. Jas. Richardson's Store.
Hamilton, February 19th, 1878.
DON'T fail to go to Child's and see his SIL-
Filagree Silver, &c.
Febru try 26, 187d.-3

rJ1F s|ul itUmit h having a regular ceor-
respondence with reliable houses in Eng-
land, British Dominion, thieUnited States, and
the Indies, respectfully offers his services to
parties having Shipments thence or to forward.
Hamilton. Feby. 24, 1878.--3m

I To All whom it may Con-
I hEREBY give Notice that I have been
appointed AGENT AND ATTORNEY for
the Board of Underwriters of New Orleans, and
will from this Date, represent the Interests of
the following Companies, Vizt. :-
New Orleans Mutual Insurance Company,

Crescent do. do. do.
Merchants do. do. do.
Sun do. do. do.
Union Insurance Company,
Hope do. do.
Htibernia do. do.
Factors and Traders Insurance Company,
Tentonia Insurance Company,
New Orleans Insurance Association,
Peoples' Insurance Company,
Mechanics and Traders Insurance Company.
Agent for the several Boards of Under-
writers for Nen York, Boston,
Baltimore and Philadelphia, &c.,, &c., &c.
St. George's, Bermuda,
P.Ist January, 1878.

Mr. Robert Bedingfield,

Animals and Birds of all Descrip-
tions STUFFED.

0f7 Orders may be left at the
"Royal Gazette."
February 12th, 1878.

Office of the

John B. Newman,
Reid Street, Hamilton.
(Nearly opposite the Royal Gazette" Office,)
General Harness Maker and
MATTRESSES made to order.
N. B.-Neatness, Strength and Punctuality
Guaranteed at the above Establishment.
llamilton, Dec. 1st, 1877.-3m.

Garnet Seed Potatoes,
In prime Condition for Planting.
15th January, 1878.

For Sale,
A Fine
Bay Horse,
Arrived by the "CANIMA" on 20th Instant,
Suitable for general purposes.
January 22, 1878,

R. W. Haylward 40 Co.,
General Shipping and
Commission IMe'rcIhit uats,
New York.

Solicited to above address and forwarded free of
Consul's Certificate.
Highest Market Rates guaranteed, and Re-
turns promptly made.
Cash payable in Bermuda or. New York at
Shipper's option.
61 Front Stieet.
Hamilton, February 25, 1878-If,
FEBY., 1878.
To Farmers and Shippers of

AVING had several years experience in this
line of business, I desire to continue in
the same during the coming Crop Season, and
respectfully solicit any consignments you may
forward to this Market. I will endeavour to
realize the highest Market prices, render Sales
and Remittances promptly.
Of Hamilton, Fermudla,
Will attend to receiving and invoicing all Con-
signments for me, and will give all information
necessary for benefit of 'hippers.

I remain, you
With Messrs.
42 &,4

r, &e.,
O'Connor & Judge,
13 Vesey Street,
New York.
G, W. SPRi.NEn.

Miller & Sjencer,
306 Washinagton rfL et,
All persons desirous of shipping to the above
address will be afforded every accommodation
by applying to our Agent,
Reid Street, '.amiltou.
Bermuda, January 28, 1878.
.1. Emilius Outerbridge
Shipping and Commission
Agents for Ni.:w YORK.
Quebec & Gulf Ports S. S. Co.,
New York and West India Division.
Jany. 7, 1878.

P E I S O NS desirous of Con-

m.essrs. Middletone Co.,
Will please call upon MR. SAMUEL A. MAS.
TERS, Front Street, who will attend to the
Shipment of their goods, as heretofore.
Hamilton, Feby. 12th, 1878.-3 m

A LONZO PENISTON has made arrange-
A inents for obtaining a quantity of the

Which he expects to receive in S'eptember next.
Persons can engage the same by applying to
the Subscriber or to
JOHN ZUILL, Somerset.
A. J. HODSDON, Hawilton.
W. 0. NORTH, Bailey's Bay.
The Undersigned will also take this opportu-
nity of informing his Friends and the Public
generally, that he is now prepared to give his
personal attention to the Consignment of
To Messrs. T. H. Bock & Co.,
And will assure all that he will do every thing
in his power to promote the welfare of these
that favor him with Consignmente.
IIamilto. Jany. 22nd, 1878.

Cook Wanted,
By a Family in this Town,
Apply at the Royal Gazette" Office.
Hamilton, Feby. 4th, 1878,

Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
English and American Preserved

Nos. 10 and 12 Queen Sztieet,
lamjilton, liermuda.
N. B.-Ships' Stores Supplied at Lowest
February 18th, 1878.-12 m

4 LL Persons having CLAIMS against AN-
TH'ONY BURGESS HILL, late of l1am.
ilton Parish, deceased, will present the same to
the Subscribers on or before the first day oJ April
next, and all Persons INDEBTED to the Es-
tate, will please make Payment by that time.
January 14, 1878.

Comfortable Lodging
For either a Single Gentleman or
a Lady, can be obtained in Church Street, in
this Town. Board can also be obtained if re-
For Reference apply at the Office of the
Royal Gazette."
January V8, 1878.


DANIEL G. LANE Proprietor,

Branch Establishment, St. George.

TH E Proprietor of the above Es-
tablishment having just returned by the
" Canimna" from New York, and brought with
him a number of NEW CARRIAGES and
Stylish YOUNG HIORSES to add to his already
well selected Stock, begs to thank the Public of
Bermuda generally for their past Patronage and
hopes for continuance of the same.
Strangers visiting the Islands are particularly
requested to call and give the above Establish-
ment a trial before going elsewhere.
Hamilton, Sept. 19th, 1876.
'. I I 1 1

a = 4" ,..
Uc -

'Al ? J!

t- 4 a P4

Has Received a supply of the fol-
Put up by loe well known Dentists Messrs. GA-
BRIEL, Ludgate lill, London.
SEDADENT, or Cure for Toothache
and Improving the Teeth
ROYAL I)ENTIFRICE, gives the Teeth a
pearl-like whiteness
Stopping decayed Teeth
remain white and firm as the Tooth itself
Mouth Wash.
Hamilton, March 26th, 1877,





*< -

, -l

North of Trinity Churcb.,

Wanted a Cook.
Apply at Gazelte" Office,
February 18, 1878,



1iO!? iAiniH POOL,
Carryino the United States Mail
fr')m New York
Stea #f hips
MONTANA sails Feby. 12, at Noom
NEVADA sails Feby. 19. at 7 t.m.
IDAIIO sails Febv. 6, at I p.m. .,
WVYOMING saits Mlarch 5, at 6 a.m.
W\ISCON'IN sails March .12, at I1 a.m
Theo ,bl,ve Steamers are built expressly for
the Trade, have five watertight bulkheads, and
carry experienced Oiffiers, Surgeons.and Stew-
ardesses. The Saloon Accommodations are un-
surpassed by any Atlantic Steamers, and the
State Rooms are on main deck opening inso the
Saloon, thus securing that great comfort in
ocean travel, perf ct ventilation and4 ight.
Th(. U. S. M ail Steamer Canima" from Ber-
minud, Thursdays, generally arrives at New York
on Monday, and Passengers' bag gage can be
transferred direct to the Liverpool Steamer sail-
ing next day.
29 Broadway, New York.
New York, Jany. 31, 1878.

For Rent,
The Comfortable and Pleasantly
Situated ,

In the Town of Hamilton, now occupied by
Mr. N. O. )DUHHAM,
Possession given 5th January 1878.
Apply to
At the Paint Shop,
Next Cor. of Queen and Reid Street.
lHamiton, Novr. 19th, 1877.

For Rent.
That very Desirable and Conve-
niently Situated

1)weling H OU-SE,
In I'eiI Street, in;]ilt. n, known as STONE :
hIAVEN," with tables, Coach House, &c.
A ppil, to
January 29th, 1878.

T''heodore Outerbridge,

teid Street, W'est of "Royal Gazette" Office.
Olice i lours-10 to 12 and I to 4.
\\ill Visit St. Georges, Tuesdays and'Fri.
days. Orders Promptly Attended to.
Hamilton, October :2dii,'1876.


-. .. -

VATIONS taken under the direction of the Principal
Medical Officer, Prospect, Bermuda. Above the sea
151 feet.


Fy. 25
Mar. 1


s >


Temn pern f ri previous
24 hours. Rain.

i k .: I Tnch.

0 0 0 0
70*3 65-2 126-8 59-7 0-36
62-3 53-9 124-1 44-5 0`10
62*3 49-5 128-4 40-2 0-00
63"1 54*1 81-0 37-8 1-22
64*5 54-5 128-4 49-6 0-00
66-1 50-3 132-0 47-0 0-01
69*9 55*9 1251- 39-0 0-00

STotal 1-69
Total Rainfall for the month of February, 1878...7-51.

Hamilton, March 5, 1878.

March 4-Mail Steamer Canima, Liddicoat, New York ;
assorted cargo.-Agents, Trott & Cox.
Feby. 25-Sclir. 'Mary Jane Elizabeth, McPherson,
Jamaica. "
March 2-Brigt. R.over, Whlite, Martiniqiie; 350 emp-
ty casks, 400 blt. pltoio:.A..
Feby. 2:3-Royal Ilait Sleair-,r Beot, Slhw. Halifax ;
with +Enelibh i Miil (f the 7th ultinio and goods for
merchaiti.--Ageni, J. M. IHayward.
Mi're1I 1-Barque Eliza Barsa,, Hollis, New Yoirk;
cattle, &e., o Tritt &;,o .
Feby. 23-Rh'ynl Mail Stearii-r Beta, Shaw, 'S(. Tho-
mais; mails.



:* Barjues.
Veronica .d'r --l-discharging. -
'Jonarchy-repa iring.
Aurora-readly for sailing. 4
Honlen.,,lsl.-l-taking ,on 1.':i;Irdl enrgo of Susan M.
Ddhna,, for (lefiti tn. n
Realhu ra-dischlarg in -
o Brigs.
Eliza-`chartered to take 'porinii of cargo Indian corn
ex barque Monarchy to Cork or Falmouth for orders.
Ze'tl7rand-reloadiue inward cargo wheat and corn.
C. T. Tr" Vt,/s-dischraiin.
Clara f Ag'nes-awaiting instructions.
Minnie C. Taylor-taking on board cargo of p. p. ex
schr. Uncle Tom f.-ir de-tinntiarn.
Lizzie1 M. St'ea rt--nn deri',:i u repairs.
Meimo.--Hull of stranded barque Malta, on South
side, sold at auction last Wednesday to J. J. Frith, for
In the Mail Steamer Canima on Sunday evening from
New York :-Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Nix and Miss Nix,
Mr. and Mrs. P. Hund, Mr. and Mrs M. Hund, Y iss
Hund, Masters R. and G. Hund and nurse, Mr. and
Mrs. H. Griffin, Mrs. D. A. Smith, Mrs. Bartholomew,
Miss Bradley, Captain Muratoria. Captain Perkins,
Messrs. W. J. Bihags ,and G. H. Butler. 2nd Cabin-
Mrs. Emanuel and two children and George Dayman.
Steerage-D. Fox.i
The Barque Sir. G. F. Seymour, Captain Watling-
ton, hence at London, 15th Felby., in 30 days.
Jessie, 371 tons, was loading at Hull for Bermuda,
January 26.
The Mary, 147 tons' was up at London for Bermuda
February 9, to leave on 20th.

The Barque Eliza Barss, Captain Hollis, in only 5
days from New, York, with a full cargo of oxen, arrived
at St. Georges on Friday last.
We were kindly favoured by Captain Hollis and Mr.
Steward Smith, with files of New York papers of the
24th ultimo. .

The S. S. Hadji, of the Quebec and Gulf Ports S. S.
* Line, left New York for St. Thomas, W. I., Laguara
and Puerto Cabello on the 27th ult. I
The Allan steamer Hibernian, which was reported in
our last as having broken her shaft when on pansa2e
from Liverpnol toIHalifax on 8th February, was towed
into Queenstown Harbour on the.23rd .

H. M. S. Bellerophbn, bearing the Flag of Vice-
Admiral Sir Cooper Key, K.C.B., F.R.S., Captain
Fisher,! with the Sbins and Argus hence at St. Kitt's,
on the 8th February. Found there H. M. Ships Rover,
Eurydice, Blanche, Marty4 and Zili,,rt,.
The Bellerophon and Flfi't arrived 'at Antigua on
10th February.
H. M. S. Eudi. Trainug Ship for ordinary sea-
men, Captain Martcu Hnre, will leave for England di-
reet, to-morrow.

The Queen, by Order in Counc-i, has lirectdd
that the numbers oftefficers and mep. to be borne in
her Royal Navy during the year 18.78-79 shall,
with some trifling exceptions, be retained at the
same strength as during the present year.
WAR OVFIc'E, Feby. 8.-19th Regimeut.-Lieut-
Col. Barrett' and ajir Williams remain with the
2nd Battalion, on promotion, Capt. Paterson join-
ing it from the 1st Batta]linu.
Captain Hon. William J. Ward, to the Urgent,
commodore of the second lass in charge, and senior
officer at Jamaica, vicee4.Algernou M'L. Lyons,
whose period of service has expired.

The Warsaw papers state" that- the Russian Gov-
ernment has commenced the erection of eight large
military hospitals at Brest-Lit ovsk, for which eighty
doctors will be. required. The Government has
also issued a circular to the medical profession an-
nouncing its intention of dispatching at ot'ce some
200 doctors to the seat of war in Asia.
A Russian correspondent informs us that the
whole of the field artillery belonging to the garri-
son at Sebastopol has been rendered'hors de combat
by an outbreak of diphtheria among theb horses.
The first horse found to be effected by the disease
was isolated immediately, but the same symptoms
soon manifested themselves in the remainder, and
the whole of them have had to be shot.

affidavit of Eben Manson, of Newburyport, Mass.,
is printed in another column, to the effect that he
contracted with Lunt Brothers in 1871 to lengthen
the "Stars and Stripes, afterwards the ill-fated
steamer Metropolis;" that he found many of her
timbers decayed, and that Mr. George D. Lunt
would not consent to their removal, but ordered
him to cover up the rotten wood with new pieces.
When enquiry was made at the office of Lunt Bro-
thers this morning Mr. George DI). Lunt was absent.
His partner declared that the affidavit was false and
dictated by malice, Mr. Manson having failed in
his contract, and cost Mr. Lunt a large sum of
money at the time the steamer was lengthened.
He said the affidavit was evidently made in ignor-
once of the fact that the Metropolis was stripped at
Poillon's shipyard two years ago, when every un-
sound stick was removed and replaced by good
timber.-New York Evening Post Feby. 28.

We are i, I f. to give notice that the TTIEATRICALS, Late from tbe United States and Eu-
Service in St. Paul" (luii-l, Pa on A ..l Wed- rr,, M, ,ile.r f the L.val Engineer .Stte Cldb
ng e Club

nesday afternoon, will commence at half-past four

The Russians did not enter C..rtantino.l. '-
Neither did the British fleet stay at Princes Island.
the point nearest Constantinople which they reach-
ed. They went some thirty miles lower down the
bay, not, however, to please the Russians, but to
obtain better anchorage and more direct telegraph
communication with Mr. Layard at Constantinople.
The Russians pressed for the return of the fleet to
Besika Bay, and again threatened to occupy Con-
stantinople unless the ships were sent away. At
that time Austria was as much 1i-tisfi-, as Eg-;
land, but it is now believed she is quieted, Germany
having in some way been the mediator. In the
German Parliament Prince Bismarck der-lnedfl that
the interests of the Empire were not materially af-
fected by the events ir:tipiriin around them, but
with that frankness of his which can be so 4. 1ifi-
cant, he added, that he did not think Russia would
be unreasonable, and no doubt? the Czar took the
hint. If not unreasonable, Russia i- exacting.-
Her demands grow so large as to leave crippled
Turkey a mere shred of her Empire if she er.mplie:
with them. The Turks have not yet brought them-
selves to conclude the peace whose conlditi-.n are so
hard. They temporise and put off what almost
seems inevitable. No doubt, they h ip,:- much from
the complications likely" to follow the- presence of
the British fleet in the Bay of Marmora. They are
excusably dilatory as no to-morrow can be more
gloomy for them than to-day. One of the poiut.s
they stuck at was the surrender of certain of their
ironclads, which had been demiand.l" by. RP6-.i i.
In one way and another, and upln vanioirs pretexts,
they have put off the :.n'-lu.-i:un of pac.e, and it has
not been signed and gigreed upnilu yet. The Rus-
sians are not very patient at thire delay. Th, y live
put General Ghourko in- motior1 with ,30,000 met,
anin he has occupied Stk-faio only 'onme eight or ten
mil- s from C.,i-tamtinuple. ),t will be idle .for their
Turks to resist longer, and they must cioc-luile
their peace unless tl:.y hao niae assurances from
England to sustain the-m in their po4sit i.:. If Mr.
Layard is -advising the Sultan, his procrastination,
natural enough under any circumstances, may be a
poeli:y not onlywith a hope but with a plan.
In England there is less excitement, but the war
preparations are actively and vigorously pushed.
One army corps is ready to proceed to the East,
and another could soon f.ollw. Lord Napier of
]Iagdala, who would command, the expedition, haid
reached London from Gibraltar, and it was an--
nounced that Sir Garnet Wolseley would be his
chief of staff. The latter has been puili-hinu ma-
gazine articles claiming and proving ; that EuClanud
was never in better form and condition for war. All
this 'do s not look' like peace; and public opinion
has not yet settled down to, any nti-f'a.-toi y con-
clusion. It is only certain that Eiui. i- i.-mis-.
trusted, and that every one feels there should be no
halt in the efforts now made and continuing to put
the country on a war footing. In the House of
Lords, on the 25th of February, Lord Derby de-
precated the disposition to charge o:n the Miistryv
all the unpleasantness of the lpres-nt position. He
said that England had deliberately decided to be
neutral, and that the present state of things was
the result of that neutrality. Her Majesty's Gov-
ernment, he said, when thy -adopte.:- the policy of
neutrality, knew that Russia must eventually tri-
umph and that great ch ange- must take place. He
was glad that the Turks had refused their ironclads
and hoped the demand for them would not be per-
sisted in. He did not think the large acquisitions
of territory in Armenia demanded by Russia w,.uld
bring that power nearer to India. His dispassion-
ate reasoning seems to have -been successful for the
moment, as the hostile motion which occasioned it
was witlhdrdwn. But notwithstanding, the indig-
nation which has been so strong in England the
last few weeks is unsuppressed and watchful. A
few words would excite it once more so as to sweep
aside all Lord Derby's calm logic.
The Russians are not getting along very nicely with
their allies,. but in all probability they will not
worry'much about them. In Roumania the feeling
was very strong that they Nwere to be denied the
proper rewards of their sacrifices and efforts. In
the beginning of the war they were laughed at as
holiday soldiers, too pretty and effeminate to be ex-
posed to the rude terrors of the field. When the
Russians had their hands full before Plevna they
were glad enough to use the carpet warriors they had
before sneered at; and when they found that they
could stand fire and make their way through bullets
up to the enemy's lines,theypoured the Roumanians
into Osman's redoubts just as if they had been
born and bred for no other puihpose. And now
when the time to divide the plnnder among the
victors isreached, a di.sposition by Russia to ignore
the claims and desires of her most serviceable ally
causes great disgust and annoyance at. BuLais.n-t.

Approaching Surrender of the Insurynts- Wthen the
Official Announcement of the Paceifir/ion of the
fJland will be iwlea. .
An Havana letter of the date of the 23rd of
February says: "The insurgent chiefs having sub-
mitted to the terms offered by the Spanish govern-
ment-a fact of which there is no longer any doubt
the restoration of peace on this island may he re-
garded as an aecomplihed fact. The of the
present month has been designed nas he date on
which the insurgents shall lay down their arms,
and on the 28th peace will be officially proclaimed
by the government. For months past persons not
blinded by passion have been prepared for this

result. The continuous surrender of; insurgents to
the Spanish forces; the cal.tureof oner after another
of their mosiprominent men, and their Jenient
treatment by the Spanish government, all tended
to show that an entire change in the situation was
sure to take place.
"Generals Jovellar and Martinez Campos have
thus redeemed their pledge to 'pacify the island
before the end of the winter campni' and they.
are entitled to high comnmenation for their sue-
cess under extraordinary difficulties, especially as
regards the financial situation. It is believed that
the execution of the terms of the peace will involve
no serious inconvenience."'.

The Lord Vivian is 'loading, at the Royal Arsenal
Woolwich, small arms and a mixed cargo for Daven-
port, and the Lord Raglan is preparing to follow for
the same station. The Inkerman is to sail from
Woolwich in a few days with arms And guipowlder for
Leith Fort, Scotland; arid two or three vessels are
employed in conveying ,to Chatham and Sheerness
stores of various kinds for ihe service of ships prepar-
ing for being commissioned.- Western Morning News,
February S.
The French Academy of Sciences offers a prize of
$20,000 to any one who may discover a cure for
cholera. Of course this prize has not yet been
taken, but at the distribution which was held on
the 28th of last month the interest upon it was paid
to M. Rendu for several memoirs of etiolegy.
During the Danubian campaign of 1854 Omar
Pasha's surgeon was bribed to poison his chief, but
the General got wind of the project, and when the
potion was handed to him compelled the surgeon
to drink it. The surgeon did so and died. At
another time Omar Pasha found among the papers
on his table an unsigned note from some mysteri-
ous source, bearing precisely two words, "How
much ?" He did not, however, deal.

gave i- tli. r .I' their '.rilliht Entertainments at the '
Theatre r.l-1. .,z T-1-in.1, arid PF.- ...( on Wednes- The Se:rier Canimma, Capt. Liddicoat, from
day and Tiur-iy evenings ; the fiumerous and very Nw Yorl, .ancLored at the Westernentranceof Tim
select attendance on both occasions testifying the lin's Narrows just after sun set on 7undav ereninx,
favor in which the Club is held. N'.,,titl,-.lnliii2' the thpteenoteiu-,''ifeiient lightfor hertocoui~lhrouch.
extreme inclemency of the weather ..n Thuir.,iay even- "The1Canin. left New York on the aiternoor, of the
ing, the Theatre at Prospect was crowded. It is need- 28th ultimo,
less for us to repeat the Programme which appeared in The Mails were landed by boat sent. for the pur-
our columns last week, the characters being performed pose by the Agents, and a delivery took place at
as there given. the Post Office a little before 10 o'clock.
It would be difficult to select any one character in the the Post Office a little before 10 o'clock.
Comedy for special praise, the acting throughout being We are indebted to Capt. Liddicoat, Mr. Purser
unusually good and the ease and confidence of the ac- Gale, Mr. Astwood 2nd Officer, Mr. Miller, Enpil-
tors unexceptionable ; but in the Comedietta "The Per, Mr. Harding, Chief Steward, and other friends
l-.ipp.y Pair," the enthusiasm and deafening cheers for New York papers of the evening of the 28th,
with hv1i.-h1i .Eir. Aithur' artii.' of tli, part furnishings dates from E.i,'lanrld of 4-30 p.m. of that
i.rf 'Ji:. tI..siyti,! wv: ree.%.iv'.el, wa. higher prni e tiiihn day. Consols at that hour 94 15-16 for both money
could be conveyed were we to exhaust the entire voca- and accounts.
bulary of euloe'v; her nothing wa, simiily ',vonle ful i an d -Gold in New York on 2~th, 1-1'7.
iii,,it:'1,.1.;, a;il on the conclusion ..f tlh.e pi-e, being Shares, Delaware and Hudson. 46 5-4ths.
loudly ai.ltli1alusd and e.lled for, The w0 l-,1 Ut5 l -a r ad H 1
Lieut. BQr, ta receive ren.oweld phl:uiits ,i,! a .;,li.ser r:,f THE SILvER BiLL.--An account from Washing-
bouquets. ton says it was stated pri'felvy in the House on
The well-known Lau.!,, Farce "A Thumping February 28th that the President, had vetoed the
Legacy," in which each character ,was carefully sus- Silver Bill. .
tainted, brought the perforrni, cea.s to a successful ter- WASHINGTON, Feby. 24.--Nprscntaitive Freeman,
mination. ^ of Pennsylvania, will to-morrow introduce a Bill pro-
-' hiding for the -.,tabllihnent of ocean mail service
CANADA. between the United Stat-s and foreign countries. The
On the 22nd Feliuary the Hon. Mr. Cartwright, bi), directs the'Postmaster-General to contract with
Finance Minister of the Dominion, delivered his responsible parties for carrying the United States.
Budget Speech in the Itoune of Commons at Ot- mails between the American seaboard cities and for-
tawa, revis-ewing' the ,.fi+t de-r'de of the Co:inf.ieratcd eign ports, the nnil. to be carri.l in iron st.rarmhilis
Provinces. of not less than 2,500 tons, capable of making twelve
It is etinian--i th:.t for 1878-79 the Revenue will nautical miles per hour; the vessels to be built in the
yield $23,800,000 a little over the estimated expen- Unitedl States, of Am. rican materials -ad owned 'by
diture. The Puli.e Ae:rounts of Canada for the citizens of this country, a'nd, :so far as practicalbe,
past two years show an n1-.:re-'.ate deficit of $3,- iman.d Lv American. After advertising for propos-
3 1h,IOi'I. Ult ,.s ofthis sua m i1 1-iC'[, -s .ipp-,et, a_ ,I Is',. tasi ( .sr.t is to let mail contracts to
to the prp'.'.- of a'-i'ing funa'.1, the h/t7 ad ilibl .the lowe-t r.s.i-.!,e bid.!er or bidders. for ten years,;
to the public .':t will be 'i.711.000'. Of the total the compensation hot to exceed ?3 per mile on tihe
Annual Expe-rlitiure 1 inlii-on dollars are fixed Atlantic side and $4 per miin. on the Asiatic side.
first erares,.while some 51 million dollars are PHIDELPHIA Feby.i26. OAL COMBINATION
really cross entries which left the co:tiola<,e ex-. cEnrNO AND .\I..A; :;.iENT.'.--TheBoardOf Con-T
penditure in 1876 ,'.,'...774, in 1'77 i,th .ri78. !t, Io, : thL csmbirne coal companies met in this
No new taxes are advised; 1st, because there are ciy thi.,-;.. n.on. Seihlurn.ts were made of pe-
signs of irnprov'tnieut,; 2nd, because 1877 receipts lt fo oveir-pr,.untion. antd it was agreedto
are beIow the `ordinary average; 3rd, because the limit thb ot pro--drctin f,,r the mopth of March
anippr, ut d.-fiit is re ,:..:-, by Th. credit to the to 825,000 tons in order to reduce the rsocek at p)ie-
-inlkig fuud ; th,,,.uose w.,rise ut-nt.iling expen- sent on hand. The next meeting will beheld in
diture are being comp-ted ;.-, beeau.e oi thoen- Ne Y k ; "
Siidij- general -cl'tion,.- which t .would ths,..d the N eh' o i 1 h
S, n -- G -rnor H idav of R' hmonrop has vetoed the

country an opportunity oi expressing its opinions.
. Within three, years the tide and Commi-.-e of
Canada have dlin(cid 50 ,iiilli.inius dli1ar. '218 to
168) while the Customs Duties als-,ue hr:-v f il. n off
from some $15,351,000 to l-2.54"1,0'i. Dut, as6
under oi',inar ii'-ui t :n,'.:s there .--oull 1..: a
steady prio,rI'- sne thnitv or forty million ,f
dollars must be added to this ', fi,-it to mni ni e
the extremity of the inflation or th,1e consequent
severity of the r-a'-thi.u.". It is assumed that the
Imports have been re.luce-l -. that the population
has increased 1-9, a pI.-puifti'l.. of 3,600,000 im-
ported :-'.127.000,i,000 w,: th of goods, a prl -nt pp -
ulation of 4 millions .i port a little ov-er g9000,-
000. Which if the present embarrassment is
charged to the bad harvest of 1876, the success of
agriculture being the corner stone of Canadian
progress. The total expenditure has risen from
$13,500,000 in 1867 to $23,316,000 an increase of
$10,000,000 in ten years-nearly 1 of that being
due to the c:-n-.tru:-ti.,n of the Intercolonial Rail-
way, and the balance on' the acquisition of the'
North West Territory, the admissions of British
Columbia and Prince Edward Island and the ad-
justment of the Provincial debts. The Finance
Minister thinks the experience of the last ten. years
exhibits an, unu.rtkin... t-o -.::pidly: of budeur-
beyond a finan:-eially,.u:l p.:li,:'y,-

THE PAPAL ELECTIo.N.-Cardinal Gioachino Pecci
succeeds to the supreme Pontifice with the title of
Pope Leo III., after three ballots. The conclave

lasted forty hours. The third b..llot when'declared
by the tellers being five short of the requisite num-
ber of 2-3rd majority (61 Cardinals being.present)
Cardinal Alexander Franchi who had received
the next greatest number of votes, rose slowly
and with significant gesture walked to the chair of
Cardinal Pecci. Upon seeing this mnoven. nt, his
supporters rose and advanced v.ith him. They
niirn ':!.ed 10 or 11. Cardinal FIanchi deliberately
bent his kneebefore Cardinal Pecci; his supporters
also knelt, and the act ciccaedl Cardinal Pecci Pope
and successor to Pius IX. It wNas an election by
adoi aticn. The Pope is an Italian, be is in the sbix-
ty-eighth year of hi.- age. He is said to be a long
tried prelate, and that bis strEi.gt1 of character,
energy, juLgmeient, piety, virtues and services, are
matters of record."

In our advertising columns to-day appears, a card of
the Co-partnership of Messrs. Power & Fritli. Barris-
ters-at-Law, as Attorneys, Solicitors, Notaries, &c.,
of Halifax, Nova Scotia. The former gentleman is a
Senator and his Father a- mmniol-er of the IHluxe of
Commons of the D,.miiioni of Canada; the latter is a
son of the late Gilbert R. Frith, (Senr.,) EKsqr., of
Bermuda and We wi-h the new Firm every
success in their bu.iness.

SAN FEANCISCo, Cal., Feb. 27.-News from Aus-
tralia is very meagn e. The dena' loc: in the Victo-
ria L-gislhrttir- ceinlinuee, the council r,,-"riing to
pass the approprinlion bills and Lnsistiug that pay-
mcnt of -mnmbers should be piovided for by a se-
parate bill, while the government insists on the bill
in its present shapes The Cot.itcil has memhorial-
ized the Queen on the crisis, and some rioting has
occurred in Melbourne, the populace supporting the
Assembly and government in lav6r of the bill.
Crisis in. New South Wales.-A Ministerul - has occuneii] in..New South Walus and Sir Henry
Parkes has undertaken the formation of a negW.
The drought has been Ivery severe in some por-
tions of the country andl patis of Qaiicenland have
been without rain for eighteen months.
In. New Zealand 'ir' Gourge Gicy, the.Pretie-r,
has' had an interview with Taibbalo, the ianoil
King, vbich is expected to result, in the opening of
the King's country to settlement.
Drought in Hawaii..-- The di ought i .causing
alarm in the Hawaiian T.lands. The cane orbp has
been partially des'i o.yd- on tbe I-land otlMaui, and
the stock is dying for want of feed.

Advices: from Cape Town of February 5 say the
anfir war seems to be approaching an nid. Sir Bar-
til, Governor and Commander-iii-l'ii:-tf o6 Catp
Colony, and'the Miniiiy have had differences regar-
ding military affairs, amthile M ini-.try were dismissed.
A Times's Cdlcuita dispatch -anniount.c ilhat the Jo.
.wakis have ac(cptl the terms ol puiace proposed by
the British.
The Goerunient of.Spain has ordered the expulsion
from Spain of aprivst for a sermon deliver, d at Hues-
ca denouncing the liberal regime of the prt.set King
of Spain and that of a recently deceased foreign sov-
A lockout of 4,000 weavers at Oldham began on
Friday. The weavers do not belong to any trades
association, so it is not likely to last long. If not
quickly terminated it will cause 30,000 operatives, in
other branches of the trade to be thrown out of em-
Ford, the British agent on the Halifax ,Fishery
Commission, has been appointed British Pilenipc-
tentiary to the Argentile Republic,

c( IuM be available for home service. I hnvel-not
tak;n in4o- consideration the number of regular
troops that would be available for war when the
. liitrr:neanri garrisons were furnished by militia.
Sixty Thousand against the Czar's Half Million.-
;"It will thus be seen that we could at once take the
*field with two fully equipped army corps of more
than thirty thousand soldiers each, leaving a simi-
lar force of regular troops at home as a reserve.
When I compare the military strength of England
now with what it was in 1854. I 'am as amazed atr.
the conditions of military weakness and helpless-
ness in which we were when we began the Russian
war of !htf year as I-am at the ignorance of those
who are now croaking over our supposed want of
strength and alleged conesquent inability to fight."
The British Fleet.-The English Channel squaw
dron has arrived at Malta from- Gibraltar. ..'......
" -Germnn -7roncldfs Io th.'Fron.-The Times Berlin
despatch reports that Germany is preparing to send
eight ironchds to the Mediterranean in the event of
, The Pos;t;on Crilical.-The Vienna correspondent
of the Manchester ('lardian telegraphs as follows .
'"The p-osition appears to be extremely critical,
notwithflanding the tranquilizing utterances of the
ministerial papers. The Conference is regarded in
Government circles as adjourned sine die."
The Berlin correspondent of the London Sland.
arndsays ;-'-The Conference project has, according
to the opinion of politicians here, entirely failed."
Looks like Gunidne ll'ork.-Th'us 600 sets of field
ambulance fittings and 300 totis of bayonet steel
have been ordered in Sheffield. The Woolwich
alithorities have purchased 500 miles of telegraph
wire for use with torpedoes and materials necessary,
,to construct temporary railways for tIbehconveyance
of stores and mounting of heavy guns in seige
works. The War Office has ordered that no sFle
diers shall he transferred to the reserve until fur-
ther instructions. The Duke of Cambridge will
specially inspect the recruits at Aldershot ,on
The Post announces in th' official form Ithat Lord
Lyons will be appointed PDitih representative at @he
Conference. .
Ceaseless Activity.'-'\indm'iral Commerell, commiahid-
ing the ieisioopof" *e British fleet remaining; at Gal-
lipoli, has placel ship 6on boirh i hsle- bf the promon-
tory so, that th(ir ouns''m sweep it from shore to
hore, an..l boat patrol nightly to prevent the laving

Bill impoi,": tax.x-s on i :_al tiild personal property, f torpedoes. .
thereby vi'lt Italv epu1lii t lhte ott Bonds. British idoleranc:.-The supporters of the Briti h
I Captain G. Sprague's house at Point Elgin, St. gArovernment asemhle.Ir in grt frce uear the Marble
.I.- NB.R. was lburn.^7 e. the *27(h ultimo'.^ A Arch yesterday hIcr, oson for the.-purpose of voting
J n, N.B., was burn,- 0.1 the 271h " o'. A down the peace resilitiong proteutiui agnainstany oat-
Of,:' n! \eV, lir ,(,,n u- perished in the flame.. -- -an .,
*,- ,a -i ~ r'u eie ;i he ti e tempt to r--ialrri-h. the government and against Rus-
'hE. Brith T'hip 7':.-Irdo was burnt at the wharf s;m Ic'Cip..tin of Convtantinop-h. After enthuslas-
An NeiwvOrleons on the 24th u1i111o.,p resolutions in of(Iil
in X'ei"v O. o; be 24t u imo. i .. I.alle isi! r,-.ollt;ons in fav,-r of the governmentt
THE eLFR QUESTION IN CANADA.--OTTAWA,:, t-h. er.wl .Ifaeke.l an'd tempor-ally broke up the
Feb. 20.--Mr. Bureau, has riven notice of inquiry peace meeting which w r- in n Hyde Park.
in the Senate *wether, in view of the remonetiza- A It:-r'soie time Mr. Cnhrles Bra.latsugh moved th6 re-
i tion of Silver in the United States, measures will so'ationsin lavoi of peace, bl't he was fIrequently ob-.
be taken by the government during the present li_,.1I trinclhnLe hi-. position. :
session to. prevent a recurrence of the abuses and Bold, Brave 1.Vn.-9Sveral fl.hti oceiirred in the
losses which were formerly occasioned by the cirou- meantime~anclthe mob s.ian Rule Britannia." after r
lation as a medium of exchange of silver coins Mr. Bradlaughi' d(iparture there wa.'s some heated dis-
whose, conirentionol and fictiioius valtfe were not in c .i.-ioi and more fi'htin. The crowd in and around
'a ,i:rdance with their real or market value, the Park, estimated at e:i'ihtv to one hundred thousand,
S ---- -of whom ten thousand actually took part in the proceed-
'The Latest ,at'v NeWS. illa e- i .rl.i^lnv :'.,.r'.e(.,- A lr,'I:gnil excited section
S -| w,:,t t.,.t bl.fore Mr. G lail-toni.' residence, but
STHE EASTERN COMPLICATIONS. 'was prevented from doing any damage by a strong
S..... force of police.
SLODON, February 28.-The Times' "Pera coir- LONDON, Feby. 26.-The Sultan is to retain his
respondent, tel'iraph' to that, jo'i'nal as follows: fleet. The question of the Siraits is to besubmitted
"The Russian rdid TutLi-h lines at San 5te,,fano -to the Conference, when, if Engl-ind, as is probable,
are separated by the little Rive'r Kara Su. The proposes tlhepreservatlion of t.a st'lus qgo, Russia,
Russian and Turkish sentries stand at either IJ am assured, will not seriously opp'ise her. It
end :of a bridge one hundred feet lon-g. .The would seem,,therefore, as if all thb, avowed British
officers andl men of the two armies fraternize interests are r spected and the danger of conflict
in the most rcnemiillable manner. Raouf Pasha, between Russia: and England is ended. Such,
Minister of Wrr, has' thank',1 the Grand Duke however, is. not the opinion here. The nego.
Nicholas for the Excellence of his arraii-m-neuts. tiations have left more soreness. It is thought that
Croawds of visitors and petty traders from Con- England's real aim is the humiliation of Russia!
stantaLitinojile-are seen in the Ru -ian camp daily." These feelings may possibly lead to the most serious
Tlhe-Elswick Ordnance-Works at Newcastle-on- consequences. Prince Gortschakoff has quite re-
Tyne were recently ordered: to manufacture one covered from his illness."
hundred torpedoes for the government w th all Where Russian Conditions Pinch England.-LoN-
possible speed. The order has now been increased DON, Feby. 26.-The. reason Russia's demand -for
to eight hundred torpedoes. the Egyptian tribute concerns England is that the
'The Vienna correspondent of the Times says: trilbtejs already pledged as security for the inter-
"The extension of the princi idity of Bulgariar eston the Turkish loans of 1S154, 1 855 and 1871.
to the TEgean Sea would be'of the utmost conse- The first of these was raised to carry on the Crim-
quence to Europe, for it would practically mean ean war. The second is guaranteed by England
the securing of a naval station f, r Russia, just as and France. All are largely held in England.
the grant ofa port to' Montene, ) would mean a. By the terms of an agreement between. Turkey and
Russian naval station in the Adritie." the British Government andI the Bondholders, Egypt
now pays the tribute directly to the Bank of Eu-g.
The Daily Telegraph' Vientm correspondent, land. The Russian proposals will abrogate this
Speaking of the assertion in his iipat'ch that Rus- convention without consulting or indemnifying the
sia a renounced the idea of an tension o B- beneficial assignees, and make. the English and
garia to Salonica, and seems also inclined to re- Frenclgovernmnts lil
nounFe the incorpco-ation of Khivala and to limit Frenchgovernments i ble for the 1855 loan.
the peried.of Military occupation of Bulgaria per- JeLoeN, Febr 22.- this mol-ning as Sir George
haps even to six. rionth-s, says: f:"The Russian Jessel, Master of the -Rolls, was alighting frotm a
concessions touching the limits and length of oc- cab at the Rolls Court, the Rer. Henry DQdweltl
cupation of Bulgaria are quite sufficient with the .of Brighton, fired a pistol athl~ head. The bullet
present tendency of the government to restore con-' grazed the e.arof Sir George.
fidence, and I find a much mere hopeful impression Mr. Dodwell wam arrested. Sir George Jessel
prevailing, Austria is -ontent for, the .moment afterward in court said that he had no doubt that.
with these concessions :.nd looksto tihe" Conference the man.was insane.. He had made- some absurd
,for the rest. You may rest assumed nothing application to the Court o Appeals while he (Sir
Sbut mild opposition to Ru-sia's demnatids is con- George Jessel) was sitting there, and disturbed the
,templated in Virenna just, now." Court, when Sir George ordered his removal.
; The Pera correspondenit"of the Daily Teleyraph A t'tauisu[tN FNDEMlNltrr.-The payment of an in-
.. le,,nit' ol 0,urteen huodred'inliliolij of-roubles'.
says: ''The pretended struggle over thl peace con- 0lt ol .r.ten h l o of
editions is a mere cloak lor a fu-.,o.-Turkish alli- (-ll,0, j -. 'K 'Turky noe
ance. The rulers of Turkey have thrown- them- Batoum, Kars, Bayazid, Ardlham and adjacent ter-
:selVes into the arms of the Russians. Russia will ritory; Turkey alpo to pay fo'ty million. sterling
make a great pretence of eaq;erl,' defeunling the (8193,600,000) in bonds, the inter-st and sinking
conditions before the Powers, but'will finally yield fundof wythi.h- a~Aetto be.guanranteed by the Bulgarian
enough to satisfy them, and there arrange a pro- and Egyptian tributes, the Anatolian revenue and the
gram for a Russian protectorate over Turkey in Her'aela mins: ; ten millions of roubles (87,900,000)
- Europe and Asia, according, to the terms of their to be pai"d immldiately to indenify Russian residents
Ssece agieemenL ,. of Constantinople. .
The Presa Assnoianion says : g'Ifis confidently A special4to, the.imes: frm Rome says an explo-
akertcd that forty.-five thousand trqol are ready sion of dynamite at Parma on 24th February, killed
' to start from Bombay at short notice. six and wounded sixty-three Ipersons.
S"Ah important mi-t.:.d!il st.-temrent is expect- n Earl Bathurits i d Tele was 87 vears.old.
ed to be made in tParliitent today (Thursday)." The Shah of ersia is about to vikit'St. Petersburg.
-P- rinct Clharlesot Roumania, threatens to abdicate
S England Getting lly..- 'Se Po: says the bri- it Russiapertin chin Bessarabia. of Giatrds bas been raised to its war strength: ertin n sarbia. .
1' is,,: is great activity l'in the Bri~adle, which is What brave men thoseFa-is in America must
completing the .;ugiments necessary for active ; the Herald says, the Cnhab patriots in Amer.
e.s.. ..: I .-ITIhe manuI IIIng ceni- s r"port-. be; the Herald says; the Cuban patriots in Amer-
Ai 4'i- .li the minaonhtleetul ing centi s report ica say they will die I,,r
great activity.a ?e e turrender the wil
great activity.- .. sacrifice every armed man in hefi ld first.
Prepared to Enter the BlackA S a.-Th'e Times' cor-
respondent at Vienna says:-" According to-C-onw--" John O'Leary, editor of th.- Fenian paper, the
stantinople advice' Entgland1 is prepared to respoind- Irish People, who was sentence.l to penal servitude
to th- mea-.=ues popo.-ed by Rusi,, by pnteitin the for lifeand 0in released on condition of living
Black Sea." ''he cornr-pondent adds :--- er- outside of the Briitih dominions, has been permit-
many is endeavoring to mediate be.-tween England ted to. return so Ireland od settle some private
and Russia, The task'has not been much facilita- affairs, on condition that he shall abstain from
ted by the publication of the peace conditions." anything of a political character daring his visit.
Sir Garnet Sanguine.-Major-Genetal Sir Garnet
Wolseley contributes to the ninud.ent C'idury an The iCsar, thoughtfully-" This Turkey I find
article entitled England as a Military Power." easy enough to digest, but I have-my apprehensi-.
The following are his conclusions :-" At no previ- ons 'about that Bull beef."'-Louis.ville Couir. Jo,,r-
ous period has Englaad been so strong in a military nal. -
sense as now. Were war d,.clar'd to-inuriow .ib!'ut *" ..
four hundred thousands drilled rien voul.1 all into HALItrAx, N.., ".Fey. 5.-John aylor & Co
;line, if -qu it e'l, Is.porfcs .y 72 tield guns, West I.ndia m;:-rehant, have upendede. Liabili-
.manned and horsed by lte Roy iti ties $160,000. They offer 75 cents in the pound,
England's Available force. -' '1 at ijumijb'er would which will be recip.:ld.
roughly be made up as -lii r'.:---aui:lrin.a army at The iililittie of(f bta ies Rob.on& Co., dryvgoods
home, 99,000 men; army and ;iK:ila, y reserve, 40,- mnrercbauits is t..,,000.. It is said that a com pro.
000; militia, >::1,0.'u"; volunteers, 180,000, and the mise has been cftected of 20 cents- on the dollar.
class army reserve, 10,000. Total, --.ii.iO. I. 0. Rumors are rife of other failures ih the city.
thi calculation I have put the figures very low, and Wtu. Richardson, fish merchant, Jd a meeting
have left out altogether the 10,000 yeomanry, who of bis creditors to-day. His liabilities are $80,000.



For the Royal Gazette,
If the Imperial G6verninmet will give us another
If the Colonial Government will sustain him;
/If adequate funds could be permanently provided
/or occasional Episo.0pal visitations; or the two
great Church Societies in England, for "the Pro-
pa action of the Gospel" and "Christian Know-
ledge," will aid ius in providing for the perform-
ance of Episcopal functions, and send us suitable
clergymen to fill.vanaucies as they may occur ;
"If the Colonial Covernmentut will renew the sti-
pends of the Clergy; "
If the Two Societies abovenamed will continue
to nurse the Church in Bermuda ;
If 'the permanent income derivable from the
funds of the Church Society" incorporated here in
1876 gave fair promise of realizing the anticipations
of it founders and of winning the general favor of
the Church, instead of either from the inuaility or
the of the people" the plan failed of
success, and after taking out some half a dozen
liberal subscriptions has come to a round stop;

meant of your last Gazette, tIhus:
"I say few persons could think of establishing a
State Church in England if it did not already
eWere not the churches of this Colony originally
founded upon the voluntary principle, the laLs
and churchyards and most of the funds given by
individuals, and the Church then being nearly all
one, were the Colonial Grants anything more (ex-
cept in name) than voluntary contributions ?
i March 1st, 1878.
The Standard publishes the following letter, writ-
ten by an officer on board one of the ironclads, des-
cribing the manceuvres of the fleet when ordered to
the Dardanelles:-
"The morning of the 24th was calm and sun-
shiny, as the fleet, lay quietly at anchor in Vourla
Bay, expecting the arrival of the mail and news
from Europe, of which there was a most considera-
ble dearth. Towards noon the wind began to rise
to a stiff breeze, and while lunch was on a telegram
arrived, Il.e upshot of which was that the signal
went up to prepare instantly for sea. Before five
'rl- Itheo fleet r.onimtinn' of the Sala n is f.h vth ht

If. when the stipends to our Clergy out of t&e of obe Commancndr-in-Chief; the A-incourt, flag-
Colonial Treasury are discontinued (as they are ship of Sir J. G. Commerell; the Swiftsure, Teme.
sure to .e .at the .expiration of the present Clergy raire, Sultan, Rupert, Hotspur, Ruby, and Re-
Bill) the people will under the :establishment "make search, were under weigh, and proceeded to the
more strenuous endeavours to supply any deficiency north part the island of Lesbos. The orders were
by vyoJuntary; contributions or sacrifices or from to pass through the Dardalnelles peacefully, if pos-
private resources," why then of course it would be' sible, but to resist any attempt at obstruction It
absurd for us for one moment to ,contemplatedises- was a'prevalent idea in the fleet that permission
tablhismet! i But these "iff" stand before' us like had been granted in' the first. inqtaaei by the Tut k-
a file of armed soldiers with pointed ba:yvcnets for- ish Governmdnt, but that it had been subsequently
bidding us to advance! :rescinded. The night of the departure was stormy,
.,'"Parishioner" is at a loss to imagine what im- and the day dawned bleak and 'rainy when the
pediments exist under the, establishment, to "our island of Tenedos came in view. The Salamis
gather g'and distributing funds, and managing steamed Into Besika Bay for the latest telegram..
our own-4ffairs."' I cannot now relate, them all; but and'on coming out the Admiral shifted his flag to
will merely allude to one or two important ones- the., Sultan, the Vice-Consul from Chanak also
are we permitted to alter our Churches and re-ar- arriving and embarking on board that ship. The
range'the pews and pew rents for their. best' inter- fleet then received orders to prepare for .action
ests ? "urely not. If- -the- Congregations could without any outward demonstrations, so that, though
elgqVestjries and .athoriqe them to do such things the upper yards were snt down, .the top-gallant
or -Church accommodation and. income might be- masts were left standing. The Salamis then steam-
vWry materially increased, and to the satisfaction of ed ahead to Chansk, to give warning of the ap-
aU :parties.'! 'Can ,the Chur-ch S&4ety" of 1876,' proebh of the fleet. Early in the afternoon the
hlp us iin this respect wTl'. subject to the estab- entrance was reached, and the fleet halted for a
lishment F Surel-,n6t. *Will our Legislature short time at the Rubicon, and then. in good order,
grant us the :,5qr1eT privileges ituder the establish- column of divisions line ahead, steamed quickly
ment that-iftwill without F Strely not.;-: into the Dardanelles. .-o attack was expected
"PaiAshiouer" asks, "if it-is wise or safe for us from the forts ?eildul-Bahr, or Castle of Europe,
to rely entirely for Church support upon the volun- and Kumh Kaleh, the Castle of.Asia, at the entrance,
tary contributions s of members F" In reply to tlds as in any case thl tight for the passage must have
I Would say that there is nothing in disestablish- really taken place at Chanak, the narrowest part of
rei t to prevent our receiving outside assistance the-strait, the entrance being over two miles wide.
thr ugh legacies or voluntary endowmeint.- -in the The guns were now loaded and run not quite out.
5, me manner as is anticipated by the Church but only level with the ship's side, and with the
society and my belief is that the Church dises- tompions in them. Those ships possessing Gatling
tablished wpuld elicit fair more sympathy in -these guns hoisted them into the tops so as to bring them
respects than under the establihwenl, and it would to bear on the embrasures of the forts. The men
be strange if it did not., 'What conscientious were cheerful and steady, though at the moment
Christian would feel any obligation re-sting on him every man believed that fighting must ensue with
to aid of his abundance any institution that was the terrible forts at Chanak; and yet none knew
k already by Law provided for ?- On the otherliaud, whom they were going to fight, whether Turks or
what conscientiou.s Cthristian having'an abundance Russians nor why they were going to fight them, for
would not feel an obligation resting on him to aid in the fleet therewas no news (f what was-going on
his dependent Church ? Under the law we find the in the world ashore. At length tie terrible Cha-
ability, wihy not. vgluntarily :;. nak was approached; nndl then at-the last moment
Parishioner" seems to think it an imnpo-ibility was seen a signal hoistedl from the Salamis, which
to obtain the services of a Bishop if the Church be told that the passage would not be disputed. The
disestablished, unless we elect One from our own Sultan then saluted the Turkish flag and proceeded
I little body of clergy; but this is noa upposable with the Salamis; yet to the general disappoint-
Scase. It is not of necessity that a Bi-h,.p should ment, the remainder of the fleet, was ordered to
have a large salary, or that, lie should do notbiug- return to the nearest anchorage, Besika Bay. Dur-
but confirm. My wFi-Td fr- i--we can g ,t some ing thejourney the larger ironclads had all of them
suitable modest man of moderate views adapted to their steam anchors ready, so that they might be
a small diocese for 400 or 500 per aunum, whlo anchored bow and stern of the forts, to assault them
would, in addition to diocesan work, take upon him if required. There is an old castle and a strong
the duties of Trinity Church; and such. a man of earth fort on the opposite side of the narrows to
the right stamp and spirit would do much to build Chanak, and the si ieam is known to have torpedoes
up the Church in Bermuda far above its-present laid down, so that the most saucuine could not
standard of wealth and utility. h have expected a bloodless victory had it been ne-
S4 to the reflection cast upon the voluntary y cessary r to force the Dardanelles. The fleet had
tem in the united States, it would be strange in- certainly a most imposing aspect, and there was
deed if in a church of 62 dioceses and 2,900) pa- much that was striking to be seen from the fleet
rises, and over 3000 recorded clergy (300 more than itself. On its return the day cleared up, and there
there are parm..hes), there should not, be some un- was seen the grand island of Imbos basking in the
employed men, while there are some parnshes not sun. Est-in conspectu Tenedos,' for the peak was
self-sustainin'g for a time, particularly when not lost sight of from sunrise. If everyone at home
c ur imes aprove t ifrequerhootly state u try soe only knew how anxious the crews of the ships are to
itn si ipro a ne hood, om or to try soine get some real news about the war, they could not but
ritualstie or fancy men, who may flourish like a admire. the cheerful obedience with which the men
green bay-tree for a time, and then find that there execute rders which are unintelligible to them
is not spirit ual life-enough amongst them ,o ustain, t is interesting, as well as important, to know that
a fl Want of support often arises frb divi-castles of Europe
sion of sentiment in a newly-formed congregation and Asia the guard turned out and presented arms
as to a suitable pastor; but these are exceptions, to the ships. T'There was a strong feeling in the
and should not be quoted to show what a non. estab- flet at the time of the advance that the passage of
lised Ch..urch is, and are po6r, stilts to be brought the Dardanetles could certainly have been forced
o t r u e b t. i u the Dardanelles could certainly have been forced
to the rescue of an establishment. It is unjust to `had it been required. But at hanak there are two
refer to them as arguments. As well might the h. requi o. B ChanaK tereare wo
refe-r to themas argu As well might the low forts, stated to mount 4-.)-;O6n Krupp guns, and
American Church r t upon is that we have had "there is an upper fort, with a plunging fire, so that
three vacant pulpits whilst we'had in the Clon .
three vacant ulier oa nC oer lony it would have taken some time to destroy them.
the reqatisite lumber of uneinployed clergy to fill 1._ ___
them, and that Trinity Clhurch has been vacant for The r ut t- f t-- 1st Offi
six- moths whilst not -far from us clergy are ob- The a of the stabbing f the 1st Offi
tainale. r If in. sating, as Parishioner" does, cer of th-.:. Merchant. Ship Satellite by the Boatswain,
that "the consequence of the voluntary system are as mentioned in our last as being before the Police
a great evil int: the American Church, and that the Magistrate of HIamilton, resulted in the committal
want of permanency is embarrassing," he means-* to Gaol of the Boatswain for trial at the next
that they exceed the evils and embarrassments, of Genera Assize.
the Euglish Establishmeut, he is simply mistaken,, s PRICES OF BERMUDA PRODUCE
for any one posted in the affairs of that system, In New York Market on 2.,th February
and following up its statistics. regularly, will find P ... ............ .
that'in no part of Christendom is the Church as a otato e .. ...... 5 per Bbl.
whole in a greater state of spiri iaI' prosperity and B'eets ............. $2 per Box.
healthy advancement. The fact i the system" cre. 'Tomatoes ........ 75 per Box.
ates and qualifies a mind in the individual that the -- .
State Establishment cannot do, and it matters nbt BIRTH, in Sou(utami]tor6, M lr.h lst, Mrs ALx.XAN-
whether the community ,be a large or a small one. DER T. Coopea, of a D.LUGHTE.R..
If our past-education was adapted to past times, .... in this Town, on 4th instant, MRS. FREDER-
, let us now begin and educate ourselves for the new ICK JAMES of a DA.i"TER.
world that is rising around, us, for old things are a mSP- .. ,Is ___."S
passed away, and beltold all things are become DIED, in Schenectady, Ne~ York, on the 4th of
new." Feby., after a long and painful illness, AMELIA BRIDG-
,Parishioner" warns us against "internal dis- FORD, third daughter of the late Cyvrus King, Esqr.;
tensions ,among ourselv's," I Awuld like to ask aged 48 years.
him if the reported scenes in the House of Assems- ........ at her residence, i. Devonshire Parish, on the
bly, when the Clergy Bill was up at the last ses-;. 1st inst., Mns REBECCA DILL GODFREY, relict of Ile
sion, are not sufficient proof that a continuation late Joseph E. Godfrey, Es.I., in the 85th year (it' her
of the establishment will not bnly perpetuate "in- age. P ris 1
ternal dissensions among-ourselves," but aso be- P'........, in Smith's P:7arish ln 1th- February, Hw e N-
tween us and all the other Churches ? Fn.-F.a MING, aged 37 years, leaving. a wife elil-
"Parishioner" rightly remarks that "disendow- dren and numerous relatives and friends to lament
meant and disestablis ment are not inseparable," heir loss.
andtlBerefore in any la for the latter we might pro -- _. .. .
vide for retaining t 'Glebes, Parsonage Houses, l r6" -
and other property of he Church." Nc: .L U U t
There are not many "'Vaniderbilts" and Stew- A n W r'
arts, or other millionaires in the States, o come Any Person wishing to Hire a
to the rescue of the Episcopal Chrch as they haveo o -o A lie e A a icto
done,- but we'have our comparative millionaires here, s ^ L A-'A a l 9
who come 6ut with an equally liberal and noble ,"' Cnn do so on liberal terms on application
spirit even under the establishment, and under the : fn .' "

"voluntary-system" we should doubtless have -,. i"" G o E S T
many more who would be proud to manifest their GEORGE SMITH,
feelings of privilege as well as of duty when needed. Long Bay, Somerset.
Than God, our Churches are all paid for and un- Mareh 5, 1B78.-Ipd L
der no pecuiniary difficulties" to' start with upon ,
a fresh career, but if deficiencies have to be sup- .* Fjpa l 'f g OjS aIieta1l i
plied aswe proceed, let us manfully and religiously -
submit to a voluntary tax upon the property of its "
meijmbers. Who that is able would refuse ? Who .
are they that pay the present clerical stipend?
Surely the people of means, for the poor import AND OTHER THINGS INCLUDEI)O,
nothing, and therefore cast nothing into the Trea- Are on Sale by
sury. Poor indeed must that Christian spirit be A T WOO )
that can only be drawn out by the law! o. o ar l e an -,
I -will conclude bygferring "`Parishiondr" to the' Cor. of Parliament and Dun-
speech of Mr. Forster, M.P., at Bradford, England, donald Streets.
on "Disestablishment," as quoted in the supple. Hamilton, March 5, 1878.

To-morrow, Wednesday,
March 6th, inst., 12 o'clock,

S IDo. Corn MEAL
Half Barrels Family BEEF
Half and Qr. Bls. and Kits MACKEREL
Half Chests Oolong and Eng. Breakfast TEA,
RAISINS and other Fruits
SOAP SODA Kerosene OIL, &c., &c.

A Young Cow,

Heavy in Calf,
More PIGS (expected)

To Close a Consignment,
WARE and CHHINA-- viz.,
-'T Toilet. SETS and Chamber SETS
And a variety of other Articles,
Hamiilton, March 5th, 1878.
P. S.-If rainy to-mnorrow, then first fair
da(y after. .. J. H.

Auc tin Sale



5 Do. -\EAL
10 Do. Table POTATOES
50 HAMS 10 Tubs and Kegs BUTTER
15 Tins LARD, 10 lbs. and 25 lbs.
20 Drums CODFISH 2 Tierces DO.
100 Boxes HERRINGS
20 Dozen Roast BEEF
10 Bags OATS 5 Half Chests TEA
Kegs NAIL'-4d., 5d., 6d., 8d. and 10d.
Boxes Laundry and Corn STAR CFI
Do. SOAP Wrapping PAPER
Half Bls. BEEF Bls. Criushl-d SUGAR
1 WARDROBE with Mirror Front
1 Gilt FRAME
Imported for Goverument. House.

F ['~'riaagc le]

Damaged by sea-water on. board the Barken-
tine "Satellite," Winter, MLuster, while on a
voyage from London to this'Port,.and on Stur-
vey recomnm1end,,ed to be sold. -
J. H. R. -

1 Girandole Looking GLASS,
Damaged by sea-water :on board the Barken-
tine Heather Bell," Owen, Master, while on
a voyage from London to this Port,; and on:
Survey recommended to be sold. '
1 Looking GLASS, of same size and style,
but eraickc,:d .
3 Ladies Cloth JACKETS, shipped contrary,

to order


D--ari- Bay

good for Carriage, Saddle or Cart..

Hamilton, Ma rc-h 5th, 1878.


Apply to
Mou nt Hill, Pembroke.
March 5, 1878.

w/ 'rRSE GWI L,
Apply at the Royal Gazette" Office.
March 5, 1878.

White Pine Board.

A few Thousand Feet,

February 26th,

1878,-2 3p


P ASSENGE RS by Boats land-
ing at or embarking' fi'om the STALLS
at Waterloo,"v will be hereafter treated as
Hamilton, February 19, 1878.-3 3p

New York .Mail Steamer.

,..- p-v

The Steam Ship


Captain LIDDICO A-T,
Will leave hence for New York

7th March, at 1 P.M.,
To leave thence for return on
14th March.

All MAILS to close at the Post Office at
10 a.m., Thursday 7th.
Specie and lParcel List wvill cl,'e at L p.m.
on Wednesday the 6th instant.
Produce and other Frreight will be received
until 9 a.m. 7th, but from 21st Ma.ich the re-
ceipts of Cargo will close at 6 P.VI., ON WVED-
Bills of Lading will be signd- until I1 a.m.
on 7th.
Pass -ers Stage wi.l be .removed at 1'-30
p.m., 7th.
Warehouse must be cleared ou 9th instant.
l1amilto 5th March, 1S78.

Just Rcc
Enos' Fruit SALT
Cidliver OIL M11arkin,'

* Vf
.1aV8 LL*

Mexican Hair R ENEIVI .
Turkey SPONGES (G B D).-Brier PIPES
1st Quality Minilla Cli ER-OOTS
The Genuine No. 4 EAU DTE COLOGNEl
Altin.-ons & Hlendries PI'ERFlUMERY.
a medicall Hall.
Il a:ilton, IMarch 5lh, 1878.


i'on Dc'amerar.yg,
LS. very Bright Muscovado
Ditto Straw Color Vacuum Pan
Ditto White Do. Do.
IHamilton, ,l arch 2, 1878.-2 3p


To Farmers and Shippers oj

Bermuda Produce,
Consignments to
iWessrs. E. FP. LOOMIS a Oo.,
9. Barclay Street,
Are solicited by the Undersigned who will re-
ceive and forward same.
Returns made Promptly.
Hamilton, NMarch 4th, 1878.-to my 31 3p.

0lBermuda Produce.

: UARM ERS and Shippers desirous of Con-
sgir.g I'ROI)UDUC to
Or to Wm. A. COV,;HT,
S New York,
Will be afforded every accommodation, during
the coming season, by
Front Street, lamilton
March 4th, 1878. .

Notice to Growers
S of Berm i(dli tProduce.

"jH N Undersigned beg to offertheir Serviceis
for receiving and Fo\\ wardiiig Con:ign-
mentsoTf ..f.. 0 .
l ermuda Produce,
-' To Messrs. JO IIA NX 4. Co.,
Throughout the c.-iing Crop Season."
SAll Shipments intrusted to our Care will have
tour usual good atntiou. o,
J.T. 'DA RtELLL & CO., y
S. Hamilton, iBermuda.
January 21, 1878.2 inm. 3rd p.

SI otice
To Farmers a-nd Others.

T t Ui-D I G A JD,
Would Respectfully Solicit Consignments of
Bermuda Produce,
Throughout the present Crop Season.
Feeling confident that his long experience and
thorough acquaintance with the Business will
enable himn to give every satisfaction.
42 Front Street, Hamilton.
- Will receive and forward Consignments free of
Account Sales and Cash returns promptly made.
58, 60 & 62 Centre Row, W. Washington Mar-
ket, New York.
February 4, 1d7t.-3mn. 3p.

lSy a Family in this Town,
A oadN OOMK.
Apply at the Royal Gaz-tte" Office.
March 5th, 1678,

Colonial Secretary's Offlce,
4TH MARCH, 1878.

Tenders for Supplies
the Lunatic Asylum".


for the Supply of Provisions, &c., has
been accepted.
By Command of His Excellency the Governor
and Council,
Colonial Secretary.

Barristers- at-Law, dc.
rF1HE Subscribers have this day entered into
Co-partnership as
Attorneys, Solicitors, Notaries,
['lhe business will be conducted under the style
and firm of
) OFflIC!lS-l166 Hollis Street. over the oilices
of Alessis. Almon & Mackintosh.
SlialifixI, 1st Feby., 1,78.
s 67,


am 'Marble 4' Gran-
ite WORKS,
L L I F i X

Argyle Street, op)ooiiteSt. Paul's Church.
Grave Al \RIKS in polished Granite or Marble
Marble Mantel Register GILATES, &c., &e.
l)esigns and Prices may be obtained from
W.T. JAMESi Esqr., Front St., Hamilton,
Bermuda. 6m

To Growers and Owners

IN consequence of the great increase in ship-
ments of Produce to New Yoik since the
season of 1874, we deem it necessary to give
notice, that we are ready to give our personal
attention as usual to all Shipments of Bermuda
Produce for New York made through us, but
without being responsible for the net proceeds
until paid to our order in New York, which will
be given to the New York Consigntees tor Sale,
by each vessel transporting a shipment.
When necessary to order Specie in return for
any shipmentit will be insured at the expense
of the Owners interested, and Owners will
clearly understand that all the dangers of trans-
port are borne by them.
Hamilton, Bermuda, to 30th Jue,
February 9, 1878. to th June, 3p

:; Notice.

To Farmers and Shippers of

Bermuda Produce.
The Un lorsigned Solicits (onsignments to
flessrs. A), E~eInett & Co.,
156 West Street, New York,
: Throughout the coming Crop Season.
The usual care and attention will be observed
in receiving and forwarding Shipments. Sales
iamilton, 15th Jany., 1878.
L Lib"r'al Prices will be paid for Produce
throuirhout the Season S. S. I.
Hamilton, 15th Jany., 1878.-6 3p.

Dumseomb & Frith,



To Consigners of

To above address I beg to offer my services in
facilitating Shipments, &c.
January 14th, 1878.-6 3p.

S U claimed Letters.
Miss H Allen, Jane Alford, rhos Adirm, Clara
Adams, Mrs Anderson, H J Atwood, R Beddingfield,
Lydia Bean, Jas WV Buterfield, Joao Bettencourt,
Wellentine Benson, Douclas Cox, Rosa Corbusier,
W A Douglas, TT Davis, Henry T Dunkley, S L
Eve, Mary F Eve, C Freeman, MIrs J Friswell, W
H Jones, Maria Charlotte Johnson, John S Johnson,
W James, S LiLtaner, Antonio Jose Luis, Mrs Wm
Mannel, Philip Moultrie, Richard McCarty, Mary
Marn, Ellen Murphy, J F Motyer, Rev R Miller,
Samuel H Martins, Thaddeus McCallan, Jane
Outerbridge, Wm Parsons, S D Robinson, Ra-
chel Romeo, W 11 Romeo, Roseanna Smith, Syke
Smith, Henry D Smith, Sarah Swan, John Swan,
J It Smith, Alpheus Sinth, Jno J Smith, Hans P
Simonsson, Grorge Simons, Mrs Sarsh Smith, Jan-
et Smith, Jams Fulton Smith, Julia Smith, Emelium
B Smi h, Rosino Trott, NI T Dyer, Geo Trott, Chas
A Thomas, Rachel Tucker, G Valentine, Jas 1)
Watiington, R E Willeck, J RI White, R D-Whit-
ter, TNinoms R Williams, Nathaniel Wilson, Lizzie
WVashington, Ja.nes L Ward, Major Wilkinson
Miss C E You. --u.'.
Post Office, Hamilton,l March 4, 1878.
MAILS for England, United States,and Dominion
of Canada, per steamer Canima," close at the Post
Office, Hamilton, on Thursday next, at ten, a.m.
Correspondence received in Forenoon -lails will be
in time.
A MAIL for England direct, per H. M. S. Eu.
rydice, closes at the Post Office, Hamilton, to-day,
at one o'clock.

LIP T DJ LXC AlTC T 1, 0u -a r.t Il

At 12 o'clock

On Thursday
7th instant,






SLoss of the Brigt. Blanche, of Liverpool, N.S.-Her
---Crew on a Raft for Twelve Days without Food or"
During his visit to New York the Governor Twelve Days without Food
General of Canada, spent an evening with the Ame- B an arrival at Lockeport our correspondent at
riny member. He scale society as follow was electedan honthat place has received particulars of the loss of
ary member. He spoke as follows : the Brigt. Blanche, of Liverpool, N.S., commanded
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen:- by Capt. Roberts, and bound from Pascagoula, Flor-
In. rising to respond to the kind observations ida, to Barbadoes, laden with pitch pine lumber.
which have been made in my regard by your Pre- She foundered on the 7th January, in lat. 17-21,
sident: and the other gentlemen who have addressed long. 58-36 West. The ship, after labouring heav-
you, I am disturbed by contending considerations. ily for some days previously, commenced on the
On the one hand, I feel that I have no right what- date referred to to break to pieces, owing to the sea
ever to intervene in the present discussion, on the becoming much heavier and boarding her in all di-
other, I am naturally desirous to express my deep reactions. The bouse, becoming loose, was used to
sense of ibhe honor conferred upon me by so friendly make a raft, together with some pieces of scantling.
a'reception. (Applause.) It is true I once sailed to- This work was effected with the greatest difficulty
ward the north, and got as near the poe a, Wash- as the hurricane continued and the sea was rushing
ington is to Ottawa ; but the voyage was as fruitless over the men continually. The crew, ten in number,
as that of the Peri to the gate of Paradise, and pos- took to the raft with only a few tamarinds, all that
sessed but one feature in common with the expedi- could be had from the vessel, which lasted but a
tions of more serious explorers, namely, that I had short while.
to turn back again. (Laughter.) With the ex- It appears that the raft drifted between the Is-
ception of establishing the temperature broughth an lands of Antigua and Barbados in a South Wester-
unfrequented section of the Arctic Ocean, it was ly direction, and when nearly on Guadaloupe the
barren both of scientific results and personal ad- current and wind changed its course to the North
venture. I am therefore really no more qualified West. On coming near the Island of Nevis, about
to pronounce an opinion upon any of the interest- ten miles distant, the mate, Mr. Broekhuis, of Hol-
ing topics which have been discussed to-night than land, left the raft on a few pieces of timber to at-
a life-long inhabitant, of the tropic, and conee- j tempt landing on that Island in order to send boats
quently I shall abstain from doing so. There, is, to the rescue of his shipmates, He was seen two
indeed, one character in which 1 can claim admis- hours after his departure, but night coming on he
sion to your halls, namely, that of a fellow of the he was lost sight of and has not been heard of
Roval Geographical Society of England, and we since. The raft then drifted past the harbor of
well know that geographers are brothers the world Phillipsburg, St. Martin's, some six or eight miles
over. For the geographer, the political and the eth- from the Proselyte Shoals, but being so very low
nological lines of demacation by which nationalities in the water was not seen from that Island. Its
are divided do not exist. All countries are to him course again changed to a South-Westerly direc-
what Italy in former days was once pronounced to tion, and when about five miles from Fort Amster.
be; 'geographical expressions.' The only heroes dam it was noticed from on board the American
or potentates on this roll of fame, the only sacred aScbr. N. E. Symonds, of Beverley, Mass., which
names admitted to this calendar, are those gallant vessel was bound to St. Martin's. Captain Daniel
mariners and noble explorers who generation after C. Keene of this vessel immediately steered towards
generation, have faced danger, privation and death it, and with great difficulty effected the rescue of
in the cause of science, and in the hope of bringing these unfortunates who had been for twelve days on
to the knowledge of mankind these secret regions of the raft in a starving and most deplorable condition,
the earth which GOD has prepared from everlasting having bad during this time but a shark and their
for the habitation or advantage of the human race. dog to allay their hunger. They were allbadly bruis-
(Loud Applause.) And in no part of the world ed and wounded from the chafing and thumping of
ought maritime adventure to be held in higher the pieces of timber, but their condition was soon
honor than on that continent which is indebted for ameliorated by the humane treatment of Captain
its original birth and present glorious existence to Keene, who administered proper nourishment, and
the heroic daring of the greatest navigator that ever in a proper manner.
trimmed a sail or took a bearing. As a fellow-geo- They were then landed at St. Martin's, (Dutch
grapher, therefore, I beg to express to you my warm. Port), and taken care of by the of by the Government who
est sympathies and most respectful admiration, used prompt and efficient measures to alleviate their
And proud am I to think that the two great Anglo. sufferings.
Saxon powers of the world should have been so In. The crew and a passenger have all been saved,
timately associated in the Arctic expeditions, which the only missing one being the mate.
by common consent are justly regarded as the most
heroic, if not the most successful, of any which CUSTOMS OF THE FIJIANS NATIVES.
have been undertaken. (Applause.) I can assure
you that in Great Britain the names of Kane and Sir Arthur Gordon has had great difficulties to
Hayes and Hall are at familiar and honored house- contend with in Fiji; but on the whole he may con-
hold words as are these of Franklin and Belcher gratulate himself on having established in that
and McClure in this country-b(Applause)-and colony social and political institutions which will
never will either the navy or people or the Queen give the native r a better chance of holding their
of England forget how the United States recovered, ground than they have enjoyed in any other part
refitted and returned across the ocean the poor old of the antipodes. The return of the islanders to
battered Resolute to the port from whence she their own homes is a measure which is certain to
sailed. Many and strong as are the bonds of sym- bear fruit in the feeling of respect and confidence
pathy which unite Great Britain to America, none, with which it will induce the Polynesians generally
perhaps, have engendered more affectionae affectionate senti- to regard the British Government. If the Gover-
ments between the two countries than those derived nor bad allowed the time-expired labourers to re-
from our united efforts to penetrate the Arctic re- main in Fiji, their friends and relatives in the
gions, and, as I may now add, the recesses of Cen- island, ignorant of their fate, and only knowing
trial Africa. (Applause.) But after all I feel I am that the white man had broken his promise tobring
really here in quite another capacity. You are them back, would probably have retaliated here-
aware that when the great sea captain, Christopher after upon unoffending missionaries or boats' crews,
Columbus, to whom I have made allusion, return- and thus have revenged perfidy by massacre. An-
ed to the Court of Ferdinand, he brought with him other interesting feature in Fijian administration
in chains several captive Indian chiefs as proofs of is the extent to which the Governor is ruling by and
the reality of his achievements and as specimens of through the natives, and employing their own ideas
the strange nationalities he had discovered. To- or customs to enable them to work out the problem
night, your discussion has been concerned with of their civilization. Once a year the Great Council,
those icy regions which lie beneath Arcturus, and consisting of the Governor and Chiefs, meets for
reflect the rosy radiance of the Aurora, and if Chief the purpose of receiving reports from the Roko Tnu
Justice Daly has now led me captive to your pros- (or deputy of the Governor) in each province, and
ence, it is only because he wished to parade before i of deliberating on every subject of interest to the
your eyes a potentate, whose sceptre touches the natives. In 1876 this Council met for 17 days,
pole, and who rules over a larger area of snow than with the most satisfactory results. Provincial
any monarch. (Loud laughter.) In one respect Councils, under the presidency of the Roko Tui,
alone does my' condition differ from that of the meet twice a year; and the Bulls, or Chiefs, are
prisoners 'of Columbus. When presented to the required on these occasions to make detailed re-
Court of* Spain, the gentle Isabella commanded ports concerning the state of affairs in their res-
their pinnacles to be struck from off their limbs., pective villages. Native stipendiary magistrates
but the chains I wear are those which have been sit in both provincial and district courts to try
forged around my heart by the courtesy, kindness | prisoners for offences against the law. Chiefs
and consideration I have received at the hands of guilty of acts of oppression are liable to be charged
the people of the United States, and such fetters with what in the native language is called sakasau.
even your imperial mandate would be powerless to rara, and, if convicted, the Governor is empowered
loose." (Great applause.) to deal with them according to their deserts. Every
lo.(ehpa ..hl, mnn im penrpd a niantation of bananas

From the Army and Navy Gazette, Jany. 26.
Lieut. C. R. Low, late of the Indian Navy, writes
to the Times that on January 7 there passed away in
his 91st year, Capt. Che. Boyce, of the Indian Navy,
who so long ago as the year 1815 performed a deed of
unsurpassed valour in upholding the honor of his
country's flag. On June 80in that year Lt. Boyce,
then in command of the Hon. Company's brig
Nautilus, of fourteen guns, was cruising in the
Straits of Sunda, when the United States corvette
Peacock, twenty-two guns, Captain Warrington,
hove in sight. As Lt. Boyce bad received notice
of Mr. Madison's proclamation of peace with Eng-
land, he made no attempt to shun his adversary, but
sent a boat to inform Captain Warrington of the
conclusion of peace. That officer, however, replied
by hailing Lt. Boyce to haul his flag down as a to.
ken of submission, or stand the alternative of being
sunk. But the gallant Boyce held the honour of
his country superior to any other consideration, and
although he knew that certain destruction awaited
him in a conflict with an enemy of such over whelm-
ing force, he deliberately preferred defeat to des-
honour, and the reply that came over the water was
a peremptory refusal. An action ensued, and soon
the gallant young captain of the Nautilus lay pros-
trate on the deck with grape shot measuring 2jin.
in his hip, and his right knee and thigh bone shat-
tered by a 82 pounder shot, while his first lieuten-
ant, Mr. Mayston, lay by his side mortally wound-
ed. Feeling that his country's honour--dearer to
him than limbs or lile-was satisfied, and in order
to gave the useless slaughter of his brave seamen,
he gave the order to the boatswain, the officer now
in charge, to strike his flag. Ii should be borne in
mind that when Lieut. Boyce answered the inso-
lent demand of the United States' commander by
an equally haughty refusal, his crew, owing to loss
on active service, bad been reduced to forty officers
and men, and of these two officers and a boat's
crew had been detained by Captain Warrington,
so that he was putting his bandfull of men against
a crew of 220 seamen flushed with their recent vic-
tory over Her Majesty's ship Epervier, of 18 guns.
The United States Government recognized the
illegality of the act of the commander of the Pea-
cock by conferring a pensionhonon Lieut. Boyce, and
it was only a few days ago that the shattered frame
of this brave seaman was carried to its last resting
place at St. Calais, Sarthe, in France.

In opening a bed of marl on the farm of Mr. A.
Case, in Tadboro, N.C., some days since, workmen
struck into what is supposed to be a creek or small
liver, some 6 or 8 feet below the surface. There
they found an Indian canoe with a skeleton of a
human being, sitting upright, with the remnant of
a paddle in his hand. It is supposed that the em-
bankment must bave given away and buried this
person while sitting at its base.

and yams, but he is bound by law to keep it in
cultivation, or to undergo imprisonment. A man
finding property is obliged to hand it over to the
chief of the town, or he will be dealt with as a
thief; and if under pressure of hunger he takes
food from a garden by the wayside, he is required
to make known the fact to the chief of the next
town. A regulation for the prevention of evil
speaking has been adopted which savours of the
legislation that the Puritans of New England
sought in vain to establish in their model common.
wealth: Whoever shall spread reports tending to
give rise to trouble or ill-feeling among the people
of the land as a whole, or between individuals,
shall be imprisoned with bard labour for any term
not exceeding six months." Offences against the
moral law on the part of husband or wife, if legally
proved, are to be punished with twelve months'
imprisonment. In less heinous cases the man is to
suffer three months' imprisonment with hard la-
bour; while the girl may be sentenced to plait
mats, make malo, fishing nets, or pottery at her
own homAluring three months, as the Court may
direct." This again is like a page borrowed from
the old statute-book of Massachusetts. Before a
man is allowed to marry he is compelled to answer
22 questions of a most searching and even inquisi-
torial character. Compulsory education is strictly
enforced, every child between six and twelve years
of age being ordered to attend school; while chil-
dren over seven who play truant or otherwise mis-
conduct themselves "may be whipped with sasa by
the teacher." What sasa is the law does not ex-
plain, but no doubt it corresponds to forms of cor-
poral punishment well known in other countries
besides Fiji. The law with regard to the observ-
ance of Sunday is thus set forth:-" It is lawful on
Sunday to cook food, to work in an emergency, to
save life or property, to bathe, and to take exer.
cise; but it is not lawful to perform ordinary work
for hire or to trade." These are specimens of re-
gulations which have been passed by the Native
Regulation Board during the last few months.

From the March No. of Atlantic Monthly.
Slowly the hour-hand of the clock moves round ;
So slowly that no human eye bath power
To see it move! Slowly in shine or shower
The painted ship above it, homeward bound,
Sails, but seems motionless, as if aground;
Yet both arrive at last, and in his tower
The slumberous watchman wakes and strikes the
A mellow, measured, melancholy sound. [hour
Midnight the outpost of advancing day !
The frontier town and citadel of night!
The watershed of Time, from which the streams
Of Yesterday and To. Morrow take their way,
One to the land of promise and of light,
One to the land of darkness and of dreams

An officer in the army who was going to India
to join his regiment, recently made all his purchases
at a famous West End establishment where the
boast is that everything can be had there cheap
and of the best. The customer was such a large
buyer that the proprietor, contrary to usage, step.
ped forward to thank him, and to express a hope
that the officer was perfectly satisfied, and had
been able to find everything he required. The
captain thanked the proprietor, and answered:
"Nearly all."
"Not all ?" was the quick query of the proprietor
-" not all ? I hoped, sir, we could find you every-
Why it is a little out of your line."
"Out of our line ? Not at all, sir."
"Oh, you are quite sure of that, are you ?'0
Quite certain, sir.'
Well then," continued the captain, laughingly
"I want a wife 1"
*Stept this way sir;" and the astonished mili-
tary man followed. He went through strange
labyrinths, and up and down stairs innumerable.
En route the proprietor communicated these facts.
About three or four months prior, a beautiful,
highly-educated girl, of good family, who had lost
her parents, and with them all resources, applied
to him for employment, and he found her a worthy
and exemplary girl. The captain saw and admired,
He bought of her, and introduced himself. He
came often, bought more, and upon inquiry found
all particulars to be truthfully stated. His man-
ners and appearance pleased the girl, and when
he told her the story of how his last want had
been mentioned to the proprietor of the establish-
ment, it ended in a hearty laugh on both sides-
but after the laugh they were married within three
days, and she is now on her way to India-[Lon-
don Miscellany.]

The Rev. W. E. Griffis, of Schenectady, formerly
an Instructor in the Government's schools in
Japan, says:-" The basis of the Japanese race,
was undoubtedly a race of people called Ainos
or Ebisus, who were descendants, it is pro-
bable, of one of the hill tribes of India. Some
opinions, however, have given them an Aryan
origin, and in that way account for the compara-
tively kind feeling among Japanese toward the
white race. The Ainos crossed to the islands from
Siberia, at the narrow strait about latitude 520
north. This must have been some centuries before
the Christian era. Some hundreds of years later
perhaps about the time of Christ, the Partars land-
ed on the south of the Island of Japan. Then be-
gan the struggle between the tribes in the north and
the invaders in the South. It lasted until the 9th
century. The Ainos generally were then driven
north to the islands of Saghatin and Yezo. Those
who remained were blended with the Tartars.
Hence the present Japanese race."
An English scientist, has analysed over sixty
kinds of wall-paper, and found only ten that were
harmless, although the colors were not green, but
pink, blue, red. brown, &c. The cause of the ill-
ness of children and delicate persons, which in
many cases perplexing skilled physicians, may be
the poisonous mineral contained in the innocent
looking wall-paper of bedrooms.
A Californian has invented an ingenious water-
faucet, through which, if water is drawn, it comes
out as cold as ice water. Boiling water placed in
any receptacle, and allowed to run through, will be
found cool and fit to drink. The faucet contains
numerous small tubes inclosed in larger ones, and
between the outside of one and the inside of the
other certain chemicals are packed, which produce
the desired effect,

The current number of the Contemporary Review
contains an article on Disestablishment" by the
Duke of Argyle. As a Presbyterian the Duke is
acquainted with the history of his Church, and he
traces Patronage-he was himself the greatest in-
dividual Patron-from its source to its abolition.
The abolition of the Patronage in Scotland he re-
gards as conclusive; and therefore he holds it to
be ',a strange reason for disestablishing a Church
that it has just brought to coincide almost, if not
altogether, with those who once thought themselves
compelled to withdraw or to stand aside." The
Duke when he comes to treat of the English Church
says, I venture to express my own clear and de-
cided opinion that the maintenance of ancient na-
tional endowments, in connection with a Church
that has been really national in its origin, which
is still doing work among a large portion of the
people, and which is capable of doing the same
work among a larger portion still, is a policy in-
volving no injustice to those who have become
Dissenters." He goes on to say:-" The difficulty
of disendowing the Church of England with any
approach to completeness, even if it were disestab-
lished, is a difficulty which does not seem to have
been sufficiently thought of by the members of the
Liberation Society. Large as the amount of re-
venue is connected with that Church which Par-
liament would have a fair right, if it saw adequate
reason, to dispose of otherwise, that property is not
sufficient for the full performance of the Church's
work in the growing population of the country.
This is equally true, though on a smaller scale,
with the Established Church of Scotland. The
consequence is that both these Churches are com-
pelled to supplement their endowments by volun-
tary effort thus combining the stability and the
territorial ubiquity which belongs to an Established
Church with the life and activity of a Church
which is largely dependent on its own exertions.
If the sums were counted which within living
memory have been poured into the lap of the
Church of England by the devotion of her sons,
they would be found to amount to millions. No
measures short of revolutionary violence, could
deprive her of those vast accumulations, nor of that
territorial and parochial organization which is the
richest of all endowments, and which is the inalien-
able heritage of a Church which has been really
national in its history and origin."

TuE GREAT INSURANAc CAsz.-Judgment was
rendered last Monday by the Judges of the Supreme
Court in Ottawa in the now celebrated case of Wyld
& Darling vs. the London, Liverpool and Globe I-n
surance Company, which our readers will remember
originated in the city of Hamilton several years
ago. As the particulars have been repeatedly pub-
lished, they do not require repetition here beyond
saying that the plaintiffs hbad a dry goods store on
the principal street of that city, but the premises
being too small two upper flats of an adjoining
building were rented and stocked with goods. The
lower stores, or ground floor, of the added premises
was occupied as a coal oil and lamp store. A fire
broke out in it and ascended through the ceiling to
the apartments above where a large quantity of dry
goods was damaged by fire, smoke and water. The
defendants hold a heavy risk on the stock, but de-
clined to pay the claims, alleging that the action of
the agents in extending the policy to cover goods
in the rented flats over the oil store had been repu-
diated by them. The case came to trial, and went
from court to court until it reached the Supreme
Court, where the defendants, it seems, have again
been beaten. An appeal to the Privy Council of
England is likely to be made.-Ez.



Protection asahist FIt C
Can be obtained from the
of London,
One of the longest Established and Wealthiest
Offices in Great Britain.

Through the BRANCH OFFICE in these
Islands, a Saving is effected to the Insured
of the Stamp Duty, a very considerable item.
RTSKS taken both on HEAL and PERSONAL
PROPERTY for 3, 6 or 12 months.
No FEES and no CHiARGE or Policies.

ilamilton, September 9th, 1856.


Receiving ex Safelile,

At the Royal Gazette Stationery
t' Exercise and Copy BOOKS, various sizes
Patent CLIPS
Cream-laid and Fancy Note PAPER, and EN-
VEILOPES to match
FOk LSCAP, plain, ruled, h!ue and for Ac-
i counts
Audiscript, J. and other PENS Pen KNIVES
Red, Blue, Green and Black PENCILS
Dog WHISTLES, metal and wood
Shaving PAPER, &c., &c., &c.

Printing & Stationery.

Royal Gazette Office,
Corner of Reid and Burnaby Streets,


Is Executed with Neatness and Despatch.

At the Stationery Store adjoining the above
Always on hand, every variety of Articles in
that line.
Also, Cricketing.GEA R?, c.,

The Standard of
the World.

The stern question which now awaits consider-
ation is whether the iron rail trade of South Wales
is not gone for ever. Formerly South Welsh rails
were produced upon terms which secured them a
ready market in the United States, but Mr. Halli-
day and Mr. Macdonald set to work, labor became
disorganized, impatient of control, and unamen-
able to reason; and while South Welsh ironwork-
ers and ironmasters were quarrelling among them-
selves, the Americans began to make rails on their
own account, and with the help of heavy tarrifs impose.
ed by Congress on foreign iron entering the United States,
they have now practically driven British iron from
American markets. We do not wish to be too des-
pondent, but we can not ignore the fact that eminent
authorities on these matters like Mr. Menelaus, of
the Dowlais Works, and Mr. Williams, of Bolck-
ow, Vaughan & Co. (Limited), are stated to have
expressed their opinion that the iron rail trade of
South Wales has gone from the district for ever.
The further fact must also be mentioned that the
shareholders of the Nant-y-Glo and Blaina Iron-
works Company (Limited) have authorized the
directors to break up the ironworks of the company,
to sell the fixed plant of the works, and to cease to
carry on the trade of ironmasters. Such a policy
as this may possibly be premature, but at any rate
the opinion of Dowlais and the action of Nant-y-
Glo points to the conclusion that the railway iron
trade of South Wales is gone for ever.-London
Mining Journal.

Manthorpe Bey, the English Commodore of the
Turkish Flying Squadron, reports that Sebastopol
has been rendered practically impregnable against a
sea attack, even if it were made by the whole Eng-
lish navy. Kertch also he reports to. be impreg-
Great Britain paid to foreign nations for grain,
cattle and meat during the year 1877 $484,398,685,
while during 1876 the total was $435,646,980. Of
the total in 1877, $315.961,120 was for grain,
$86,568,370 for cattle and meat, $47,691,525 for
butter, 828,815,265 for cheese, and $12,362,405
for eggs.

Wm. James Jeney,

unaow v a



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