The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder

Material Information

The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Place of Publication:
Hamilton Bermuda
D.M. Lee
Publication Date:
Three times a week[Jan. 1910-Dec. 1920]
Weekly[ FORMER 1828-<Dec. 28, 1899>]
Semiweekly[ FORMER <Apr. 2, 1901>-Dec. 1909]
three times a week


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Hamilton (Bermuda Islands) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bermuda Islands ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Bermuda Islands -- Hamilton


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1828?
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-v. 93, no. 153 (Dec. 30, 1920).
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan. 22, 1828).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain.  The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide. 
Resource Identifier:
46887227 ( OCLC )
sn2003060500 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Bermuda gazette (Hamilton, Bermuda Islands : 1821)
Succeeded by:
Bermuda colonist
Succeeded by:
Royal gazette and colonist daily

Full Text



No. 8.-Vol. LI. STATE SUPER VIAS ANTIQUES. 24s per Ain

Hamilton, Bermuda,, Tuesday, Febtruaivy 19, .S7S..:

S E -- --- 1- -7

(Written expressly for the Bermuda Royal Gazette.)
The Press-Its Productions and MIe-
(Continued.) .
B Richard Grafton, printer to Edward VI., was the
first to print the Bible in English. John Day,
(1549-1584) from his improving typograhy so much,
has been cnlkld the English Plantin. Christopher
Plantin was an opulent printer at Antwerp. The
works of John Baskerville, of Birmingham, (1750-
1775) are, highly prized for the beauty of the types
cut by himself, and for the great excellence of the
press work. Bowyer and Nichols are familiar,
while BulmerandWhittingham produced specimens
of typography that will compare with those of any
age or nation. The first attempt at licensing the
Press appears to have been made by Henry in 1530.
In 15S5 the decree of the Star Chamber contained,
among other things, that no new printing office
should be established till the excessive multitude
of printers having presses alreadie sett up be aba-
ted." 20 Master Printers and no more. The al-
lswance of apprentices, 1 to each of the University
Printers, to the members of the Stationer's Com-
pany, 1 to the yeomanry, 2 to the livery, and 3 to
a Past Master. The first act which led directly to
the emancipation of the Press was Edmund Bohun
licensing Blount's William and 1Miary Conquer-
ors." The Imperial Actof 1869 virtually exempts
the Press, from all restrictions save those of libel
and other offences, which are prohibited to all per-
sons, so much of the Act of 1799 being retained as-
respects Printers putting their names upon every-
thing they print, keeping copies and writing upon
them the names ard abides of their employers.
Mr. fienry Stevens, a great authority in Biblical
Bibliography, classified the Bibles for the Caxton
celebration, and adds an introduction, putting forth
strong reasons in favour of his belief that the Co-
verdale Bible was executed by Jacob Van Meteren
at Antwerp. Mr. Georoe Bullen dissents from
Stevens' conclusion that the translation itself was
the work of Van Meteren and only revised by Miles
Coverdale. Stevens has been the first to discover
the mention made by Ruytinck of the relations that,
existed between Van Metheren and Coverdale. A
study of Biblical typography between 1450 and
1877 gives the best examples of the art of printing
during four centuries and a quarter. Stevens gives
the results of his studies fothehe last twenty-five
years, a table of some 30,000 titles, Bibles and parts
of Bibles, from the earliest period to the present
time representing about 35,000 volumes. The
famous collection of Bibles in the Royal Library of
Stuttgard is said to exceed 7000 editions, but more
than half of the 1,000 editions contributed to the
Caxton Exhibition are not there. So likewise of
the extraordinary rich collection of some 5,00OOtitl,.-
of Bibles in the Library of Wso lfeinbittel. the:
Lenox Libriary of New York is probably unsur-
passed in rare and valuable editions, especially in
the English language. Francis Fry of Bristol has
1,000 editions of the English Bible Testaments,
Psalms, &e., most of them prior to 1700. The Rev.
Dr. Ginsburg, of Wokingham, possesses a unique
collection astonishingly rich in rare Latin, German
and Hebrew Bibles. About 16,000 titles of Bibles
and parts thereof are to be found in the Library of
the British Museum, and yet the Caxton collection
contained many editions not found there. The first
life of Columbus, in which are given some impor-
tant particulars of his second voyage along the
south coast of Cuba, nowhere else to be found, is
contained in a note on the 19th Psalm, in the
Psalter of Giustiniani in five languages, printed at
Genoa 1516. Caxton's prudence kept him from
printing any portion of the Scriptures. In the
lives of Adam, Abraham, Moses, the Apostles, &c.,
contained in Caxton's Golden Legend," printed
in English, 1483, we have snatches of the Penta-
teuch and the Gospels: In 1509 Wynkyn de
Worde printed a fine edition of the Aprocryphal
Gospel of Nicodemus. Manuscript copies of
Wycliffe's English translation of the Scriptures
prepared the educated classes for the printed ver-
sions soon to follow. In 1526 came William Tyn-
dale's New Testament in English.
.743-New Testament (English.)
[The Newe Testament in Englysshe by William
Tyndale." Worms. Peter Schoeffer 1526 ?] 8 vo.
Lent by the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's
SThis is one of the rarest and most precious vol-
umes in our language, being the first complete
edition of the New Testament by William Tyndale.
Only two copies are known, this and the one at
Bristol. This* one is very imperfect, while the
Bristol copy wants only the title.
As to Coverdale and our first complete English
Bible, finished the 4th October, 1535, "the most
precious volume in our language," we know abso-
lutely next to nothing. About the year 1480 Wil-
liam Ortelius and his family, on account of their
religion, removed from Augsburg to Antwerp,
where the family became one of the most distin-
guished. Not long after there removed from Breda
to Antwerp, Cornelius Van Meteren and his family.
Jacob, the son of Cornelius Van Meteren, married
Ottilia, the accomplished daughter of William Or-
telius, and aunt to the afterwards famous Abraham
Ortelius the Geographer. During the absence of her
husband, Jacob Van Meteren in Londoi, his house
in Antwerp was searched for forbidden books, to the
dismay of his wife, who vowed that, if the search-
ers failed in their attempt, she would name the
child she was about to give birth to in commemo-
ration of GOD'S providence. Though the searchers
frequently laid their hands on the chest containing
the books they found none. On the 9th July 1535
a son was born to her whom she named Emanuel
-" GOD with us"-who frequently added Quis-

contra-nos ? "If GOD be with us, who can be
against us?" Hle passed most of his life in Lon--
don as Merchant and Belgian Consul. He died
April 18th, 1612, in his 77th year. The Rev. Sy-
mon Ruytinck, the bosom friend of this Emanuel
(Quis-contra-nos) Van Meteren, who wrote the
History of Belgium, appended a brief biography to
the editions of that work published in the Flemish
language at the Hague 1614, and in French at the
same placQ 1618. (Jacob and Ottilia Van Meteren
perished on passage from Antwerp to London,
their ship being attacked, burnt and sunk by a
*French cruiser.) It is from this brief biographical
"notice that Stevens has gleaned his information that
Jaco~ Van-Meteren produced at Antwerp a trans-
latiof of the Bible into English for the advance-
ment of the Kingdom of Christ in England, and
for this purpose he employed a certain learned
scholar named .iles Coverdale." Further investi-
gation may throw more light on this discovery of
Stevens. The 'woodcuts used in the Coverdale

Bible" have been traced into the possession of
James Nicolson, Printer in St. Thomas' Hospital,
Southwark, in 1535, but not a scrap of the type,
which may have been lost in transmission, has ever
been discovered in any other book. The whole
edition must have been sold in sheets to James
Nicolson of Southwark, in conformity with the law
of 15231, which protected English book binders.
An edition of 100 copies only of the English
Bible, Minion 16 mo., printed at the Oxford Uni-
versity Press, was wholly printed and bound in
twelve hours on the 30th day of June 1877, for the
Caxton Celebration.
During the reigns of Elizabeth and James I., a
class of men came into existence who were known
as news letter writers. They furnished sheets to
those willing to pay for them and afterwards called
in the aid of the printing press. There has been
considerable controversy about the origin of news-
papers. All the conditions of a newspaper seem to
reside in Nathaniel Butler's Weekeley Newes,"
which first appeared in 1622. The earliest news-
paper systematically illustrated was the Mercu-
rius Civicus" the first number of which appeared on
the 2nd June 1643. The first newspaper, however,
containing an illustration was the "Weekeley
Newes" of the 20th December 1638. The first
newspaper printed and published regularly in a
Provincial town was the Mercurius Aulicus,"
which wius commenced at Oxford, January 1st,
1642, but its publication depending upon the resi-
dence of the Court, deprives it of a local character.
The first provincial city or town to possess an un-
doubted local newspaper, was Edinburgh, the Mer-
curius Caledonius" appearing on the 8th January,
1661. The Dublin News Letter was published
1685. The London Gazette dates from 1665 and
from November of that year till February 1666,
while printed at Oxford, where the Court took re-
fuge during the Plague, was called the Oxford
Gazette." Of the papers now in existence first
published prior to the year 1800 may be noted:
Date Origin.
Edinburgh Courant................... 1705
Newcastle Courant ....................1711
SLeedsMercury ..................... 1719
Belfast News Letter .................... 1737
Aris's Birmingham Gazette .............1741
Cambridge Chronicle ................... 1744
Aberdeen Journal............. ....... 1748
Oxford Journal ....................... 1753
Morning Post ........................ 1772
Glasgow Herald ...................... 1782
THEM TIMES........................... 1788
Morning Advertizer ................... 1794
Greenock Advertizer.................... 1799
"The various methods employed for producing
printed music have been engraving on wood (xylo-
u.l.y) type iu two printings, type in one print-
ing, engraving on copper plates, and stamping on
copper or pewter plates. For the production of
modifications of the ordinary musical notation,
such as tablature, all the above methods have at
various times been employed. The first book in
which musical characters were known to have been
printed in England was Higden's Polychronicon,"
the production of Wynken de Worde in the year
1495, some eighteen years after the introduction of
the art of printing into England." "Kapsber-
ger's Arie," published at Rome 1604, leads to the
supposition that it must have been the first music
book printed from engraved plates, the "Parthe-
nia," published in London 1611, having previously
been considered as the first production. The Dutch
are said to have discovered a method of softening the
plates of copper so as to stamp with punches the pre-
viously hand surface. The English used pewter
plates, which enabled them to produce music cheaper
in cost, if not equal in quality, to theDutch. Print-
ing from the plates themselves, when the issue was
limited, was attended with little wear, some of the
very copper plates engraved so far back as the year
1710, as of Corelli's Sonatas, being still in use.
When large numbers of an engraved or stamped
plate were required, impressions from the plates
were transferred to lithographic stones and then
printed. By this means the plates remained unin-
jured for a long period. In lithography, the work
required is drawn either on transfer-paper or di-
rectly upon the stones. There is also a process of
photo-zincography, by means of which actual and
correct facsimiles of original works may be printed.
Before passing to the mechanism of printing we
must notice the commercial printing exhibited at
the Caxton Celebration.
1683-Bank of England Notes.
Lent by the Directors of the Bank of England.
The Bank of England was established in 1694,
and the first Bank Notes were issued in 1699.
These notes were only partially printed, the
amounts being filled in by the pen. 1 and 2
were issued up to 1825. The notes were printed
from copper plates until 1834, then by Perkin's
Transfer Process and steel plates until 1852, when
the present system of printing from surface or re-
lief by electrotype was adopted. The machines
used for that purpose are double-platen, with four
inking-tables and double rolling apparatus. An
average of 50,000 notes is printed daily.
1684-Printing of Dividend Book and Warrants
of the Bank of England.
Lent by John Coe, Esqr., by permission of the
Directors of the Bank of England.
The Names and Amounts of the Holders of Gov-
ernment Stocks are contained in about 64 volumes
of royal folio of 80 sheets each, and require 250,000
warrants for their dividends (these are printed and
numbered at one operation). The names and
amounts were written with the pen until the year
1866, when the present system of printing from

stereotype and dwarf type was adopted. This is
done by ingenious contrivances for composing,
making up, imposing and printing. The time oc-
cupied in printing the 64 volumes is eight days
with eight presses, and the time employed in print-
ing the warrants is twelve days with eight presses.
For a large portion of the following information
on the Mechanism of the Press we are indebted to
the Supplement to the Printers Register," publish-
ed 1877, edited by Arthur C. J. Powell, who also
contributed to the Caxton Catalogue. Blades has
estimated that there were 254 different sorts in a
fount used by Caxton. The number of boxes required
for each fount would probably average 200, so that
to learn the "lay of the case" would be a matter of
some difficulty. As double letters, contractions,
&c., were dispensed with, the composer's task be-
came easier.
The composing stick was an instrument unknown
to the first typographers. Probably Caxton never
saw one. It is found in an engraving of a book
printed by Badius Ascensius, of Lyons, in 1507
The original composing sticks were made of wood



and of fixed measure. Bla1,es has a very old French D E R S 0 N S desirous of Con-
composing stick made of iron, capable of holding-
but one line of type. In Jost Amman's Book of signingZ
Trades, 1568, we have illustrations of printing. "
The first English technical treatise on the printer's p s- U C E
art is that of Joseph Moxon, 1683, in the second O
volume of his Mechanick Exercises, illustrated with 0
numerous engravings. All the appliances of the fi(s#.S'., I iddleIon <" Co.*,
composing room-frames, cases, composing sticks,
setting rules, slice galleys, imposing surface, chases, NFW YORK,
furniture, side and foot sticks, quoins and shooting Will please call upon .1 It. SA MU fL A. .M AS-
sticks, bodkins, mallet and planer-are as nearly as 'TE It, Fiont Street, who will attend to thel
may be the same as those now in use. The ink Shipmei.t of their goods, as heretofore.
used in early printing was very thin and sloppy, so
that the press had to be gently pulled to prevent MID I) L ET ON & CO .
spuin'. The ink balls were much the same as lHamnlton, Feby. 12th, 1878.-3 mi
those in use up to 50 years ago, made of untanned
sheepskin stuffed tightly with wool and fitted with A. EMILIus OUTERBRIDGE. JOHN S. SCOTT.
handles. The ink was distributed upon them by *
rolling and dabbing the surfaces agaiut.t each other. 13. fl s O ut(r idA1 e
The exact register attained by the very first press-
man has been a source of marvel. Points sonem to t Co.
to have been used from the beginning. Some of .
Caxton's books retain their point holes. The early Shipping and Commission
printers were their own letter-founders. The cha-
racters were perhaps cut on wood or soft metal, N D i v Et N T
moulds being made with them in sand or other No. 29 BROADWAY,
suitable material in which the types were cast. Agents for NEW YorK.
The invention of the matrix enabled type to be Quebec & Gulf Ports S. S. Co.,
cast perfect in face at once, and mathematically New York and West India Division.
accurate in dimensions. Goldsmiths appear to Jany. 7, 1878.
have been the chief makers of matrices. The first
mention of type-founding in England is in Arch- y
bishop Parker's Preface to the Chronicles of King IR J/J. iayt'ard ( .,
Alfred," by Asser, printed by John Day 1567, ,
wherein he says that Day was the first to cast Saxon General ;Shipping and
type in England. The Star Chamber decree of
1637 limits the number of type-founders to four, COIf llSSiOFi '1B Ci Slits,
and curiously enough that is the number of the (P. 0. BOX 3709.)
great English type-founders at the present day, 52 EX H NG PL CE
new competition being difficult, owing to the many 52 X i A N 1' 1. 1 C E,
thousand matrices which these various establish- It. vV.I lAYwARD, New York.
ments possess. There are some small foundries, F. I). S. NASH.
the principal of which, the Patent Type Founding
Company, has started with good prospects. The 52 EXCHANGE P'L '',
four great English foundries, H. W. Caslon & Co., NEW YORK, Jany. 15th, 1878
Stephenson, Blake & Co., Figgins, and Reed & Fox, Any parties desirous of
may be traced to William (-':'.u, who laid the
foundation of the fame of English letter founders, i
William Caslon was born at Hales Owen, in Shrop- ppg11 1
shire, in 1692, and was apprenticed in London to to our Address will please aply to Mr. C. A. V.
an engraver on gun-locks, a trade he subsequently oI ( t wil pease a 1 to i C. a.i-
followed on his own account, extending it also to FR'Ii (at Store of Mr. B. J,, Ilari-
the making of bookbinders' tools. Mr. Watts, an ton), who will forward them free of Consul's
eminent printer of that day, with Mr. Bowyer and Certificate, &c.
Mr. Bettenham, also printers, induced Caslon to turn Our J:unior, Mr. NASH, will be on hand as
his attention to punch-cutting. They loaned him usual, later in the Season.
500, with which he started a type foundry about
1723. Printers picef.-iir.d hi, otters to foreign ones. R. W. H Y WA R !It CO.
He soon moved from his garret in Helmet Row to January 22, 1878.-tf.
Ironmonger's Row, and afterwards, in 1741, to -
Chiswell Street. He prospered so greatly that he t. 11. MILLEi. G. W. SPENCFR.
took a country house at Bethnal Green and was
appointed a Justice of the Peace for the County of *
Middlesex. He died in 1766, aged 74 years. His iller & Spencer,
son, William Caslon II, succeeded him. He died
intestate in 1788, and the business was continued 06 Wa shington Street,
by his widow and his sons, William Caslon III aree
and Henry, whose widow came in, for his share. NEW YO RK.
William Caslon III managed the concern till 1793, All persons desirous of shipping to tire above
when he sold his interest to his mother and sister- address will be afforded every ac omtodation
in-law. Old Mrs. Caslon died in 1799, and heraddess will be afforded every accomodation
daughter-in-law took into partnership Nathaniel by applying to our Agent,
Catherwood. On the death of both, in 1808, Mrs. H E O. OU T E R B RI DG K,
Caslon's son Henry carried on the foundry, first i S
with Catherwood's brother and afterwards with Mr. BReid Street, ilamilton.
Livermore. Mr. Caslon's son Henry William suc- Bermuda, January 28, 1878.
ceeded these and died but a few years ago, the last f T
of his race. The Chiswell Street. foundry is still IN Ot iCe.
carried on by T. W. Smith, under the style of H.
W. Caslon & Co. A LONZO) P KNISTON has made eamrange-


pETER SMITHI, of Tucker's Town, Pilot,
having been convicted before us of ignor-
ance, negligence and carelessness, in anchoring
the BMigantine MNAGENTA," Captain LOCK-
HART, in an improper position on Sunday, the
30th ('ay of December last, %whereby she parted
one of her Cables and dragged into the Rocks,
has been adjudged by us to pay a Fine of Six
Pounds, with Thirty Shillings Costs, to be not
entitled to any Pilotage, and to have his License
suspended for Three Calendar Months.
Mayor of Hamilton.
Justice of the Peace.
Master Mariner and Assessor.
Hamilton, February 1st, 1878.

Mr. Robert Bedingfield,

i^Q & 4 **997994

Animals and Birds of all
tions STUFFED.
(:7 Orders may be left at the
" Royal Gazette."
February 12th, 1878.

Desc rip-

Office of the

Saccivilmg ex asfe'llit,,
3t the Royal Gazette Stationery
Exercise and Copy BOOKS, various sizes
Patent CLIPS
Cream-laid and Fancy Note PAPER, and EN-
VE LOPES to match
FOOLSCAP, plain, ruled, blue and for Ac-
Audiscript, J. and other PENS Pen KNIVES
Red, Blue, Green and Black PENCILS
Dog WHISTLES, metal and wood
Shaving PAPER, &c.? &c. &c,

S mnents fi.r chbaini, :a quantity of the

Which he expects to receive in September next.
Persons can engage the same by applying to
the Subscriber or to
JOHN ZUILL, Somerset.
A. J. l(HODSDON, HIamilton.
W. O. NORTH, Bailey's Bay.

The Undersigned will also take this opportu-
nity of informing his Friends and the Public
generally, that he is now prepared to give liii
personal att< nation to the Ciir-igniimcnt of

To Messrs. T. If. Bock&GCo.,
And will assure all that he will do every thing
i.: his power to promote theu %elfe-c of those
that favor him with Cu onsiginient-.
hlamiltoni, Jany. 22nd, 1878.

Fashionable Dressmak-
1 ISS ANNIE SMITHl takes this opportuni-
*" ty of thanking her Lady Patrons and the
Public generally, for their past favors, and to
inform them that she has removed her place of
Business from Pose Cottage to the DwELLING
HousE next South of Brunswick House, Anlce
Street, near Cedar Avende, where she solicits
a continuance of same.
Hlamilton, .1an. 29th, 1878.

John B. Newman,

Reid Street,

- l Hamilton.

(Nearly opposite the Ro al Gazette" Oiice,)
General E ,arnc a 1Slaker and
MATTRESSES made to order.
N. B.-Neatness, Strength and Punctuality
Guaranteed at the above Establishment.
Hamilton, Dec. 1st, 1877.-'3m.

iloia ,' SecreARy s Of'ice,

New Regulations for the
Sale of Postage Stamps. *0

T has always been open to any inhabitant
of Bornud i'a to sell-Postage Stamps-but
it being desirable that fthe practice which has
hitherto been followed with a view to facili-
tating the sale of those stamps of making an
advance of 25 in Postage Stamps to certain
individuals, should be discontinued-it has
been ordered by the Governor in Council that
the practice of making such advances shall
forthwith be discontinued, but that the indi-
viduals to whom such privileges have been con-
ceded shall be allowed to profit by their use
up to the end of the present year 1878,-and
it has further been ordered by the Governor in
Council that from and after this present date
any individual purchasing Postage Stamps at
the Post (O)ffice to the extent of 5, qr up-
wards in any single: p1urclhaIse, "whither for his
own use or for purposes of sale, shall be en-
titled to'a rep;-ayment from the Colonial Trea-
-sury of a percentage of 5 per cent on the
amount so paid by him for Stamps-and that
in order to enable such purchaser to obtain
repayment of the said per centage he shall be
furnished at the same time that he receivesithe
Postage Stamps with a Certificate, signed by
the Postinaste.r, setting forth the amount paid
for Postage Stanimps and the sum to be repaid
thereon as a percentage by the Colonial Trea-
sury, and that on plres.ntation of such Certifi-
cate at the Receiver General's Office the
amount set forth therein for percentage shall
be paid.
By 1is Excellency'e Commiand, .
Colonial & crelary.

To All whom it may Con-

SIIIEREBY give Notice that I have' been
appointed AGENT AND ATTORNEY for
the Board of Underwriters of New Orleans, arid
will from this Date, represent the Interests of
the following Companies, Vizt. :-
New Orleans Mutual Insurance Company,
Crescent do. do. do.
Merchants do. do. do.-
Sun do. 4o. do.
Union Insurance Company,
Hope do. do.
iibernia do. do.
Factors and Traders Insurance Company,
Tentonia Insurance Company,
New Orleans Insurance As-ociation,
Peoples' Insurance Company, -
Mlecliar.i.s and Traders Insurance Company.
Agei t for the several Boardsof(IUner- ;
writers for Ne York, Boston,
Baltimore and Philadelpliia, &e., &c., .&c.
St. George's, Bermuda,
21st January, 1878. .

Business Opportunity.

ANY GENTLENMAN or Lady who can conm-
mand Cash Capibll of Pound., One Hun-
dred, and would like ,to see the Woril and
make Money, can have this rare chaince by ad-
dressing Traveller" at this Offiee.
State where an Interview can be had.
Ja:imnury 28hli, 1878.

Priuale Board and Lodg.

At Mrs. 3. H. NEWMAN'S,
Corner of l)uidonald and Court Streets,
Sr. H a,,ilton. : ...
J,> iar, 25, 7 .- s

SNotice," <:
LL Peions having CLAIMS against AN-
A 'TItONY BURGESS HILL, late of lam..
ilton Parish, deceased, will present the same to
the Subscribers on or before the fist day oj April
next, and all P'rsons INDEITED to the Es-
tate, will please m,,ake P.iyment by that time.
W m. WI lrTNE Y, ,
Ja:maiy 14, 1878.

Picked Up,
ON Sunday last between $St. John's Church,
S'ciiiloke and this Town, and left at this
Office to be claimed,
1 Gold FincUer RI.'VG.
The Owner can have same by proving Pro-
perty and paying expenses.
Hamilton, Jany. 8th, 1i78.

For Sale,
A Fine

lBay Horse,
Arrived by the "CAN1IMA" on 20tihIrr tant,
Suitable for g -neral pi poses.
January S2, 178.



Z IfrTDA ROYAL (.A0"1 : ,4

____________ ~ 7

VATIONS tien ei undr the direction of the Principal
Medical Offic-., Pr .let, Bermuda. Above the sea
151 feet.


Fy. 11



A 0
.S. S


Temperature previous
24 hours.

>.5 .s # o Ca S

0 0 0 0
67-1 65-2 84-4 59-8
63-7 56-9 123-8 49-6
65-3 54-3 111-4 43-4
68-1 53-7 117-4 36-2
72-9 62-2 135-2 52.4
69-9 60-2 134-4 50-2
65-6 56'1 135-0 45-6




Total 0-78

Ilonnilto,, February 19, 1878.

Colonial Secretary's O ce,
FEBRUARY 18TH, 1878.
has received Her Majesty's Warrant ap-
The Honorable Josihli Itccs,
To be Chief Justice of Bermuda.
By His Excellency's Command,
Colonial Secretary.

Feby. 15--Barque Reullura, Whitefield, London; goods
for, merchants.-Agent, T. F. J.'Tucker.
Schr, Minnie C. Taylor, Taylor, Liverpool, N.S.;
lumber & spars to Trott & Cox.
18--Mail Steamer Canima, Liddicoat New York; as-
sorted cargo.-Agents, Trott & Cox.
Schr. J; W. Peasley, Barker, Turks' Islands; 2100
bushels salt, 26 donkeys, to T. J. Lightbourne.
Feby. 14-Barque Rix, Hampton, Fernandina, Flo-
In the Mail Steamer Canima, on Sunday evening
last from New York :-Rev. H. E. Parker, Colonel W.
L. Morrison, R.E., and Mrs. Morrison, Mr. and Mrs.
C.' H. Baker, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Scholey, Mr. and
Mrs. C. H. Walker, Miss H. H. Outerbridge, Miss L.
Larcon, Miss S. A. Snow, Miss H. McKinley, Messrs.
F. D. S.Nash, A. E. Outman. C. F. Jones, C. S. Lit-
tell, R. B. Weiss, James F. Kilner, A. J. Tait, G. W.
R. Comstock and W. W. Dudman,-Second Cabin,
Mr. and Mrs. Sanchey and John C. Boyle.
In the J. W. Peasley, from Turks' Islands. on 16th
inst., Mr. & Mrs. John Whitney & servant, Miss Eu-
gene Adams, Messrs. John E. Lightbourne, Wade
Darrell. Robert F. Lindley, Robert J. Lindley, Robert
H. Styles, Tatem, Edgar Butterfield, William Si-
mons and Charles Brown.

Veronica Madre-reloading.

Kate-ready for sea.
Prioress-.-ready for sea.
Clara and Agnes-discharging.
C. V. Treuerfell-discharging.
Hull of Iza sold at Auction last Wednesday for 31 to
N. Esbobal.
Uncle Tom-awaiting orders.
Hound-laid up.
Lizzie M. Stewart-discharged at Fisher's Wharf-
portion of cargo advertised to be sold at Auction to-
A steamer of about 2,000 tons, barkentine rigged,
was sighted in S. W. on Sunday, at 12 M., and passed
in S. E. at'3 p.m., steering East.
The Carrie Dingle was to leave London for Bermuda
about the end of January.
The Barque .Koh-i-noor, Captain J. H. Cooper, was
up at London for East London, Australia, on the 26th
January to'sail .th February.
We understandd that the position and bottom of the
stranded Barque Malta, were examined on Saturday
last by professional divers, as well as by Captain Mont-
gomery, who went down to satisfy himself, of his ves-
sel's state. Her cutwater and wood ends forward are
,started, copper on her bottom not much injured. She
rest, forward and aft, on rocks-the centre portion
clear and hot injured. Efforts are about to be made
to ge her off, and the chances are in favor of their suc-
ceeding should the weather prove favorable.

SAn official enquiry has been entered on respecting
the running on the South reefs of these Islands, at
half-past two o'clock on the morning of the 10th inst.,
of the Barque-Malta, of and from Ardrossan, Captain
Montgomery, bound to Delaware Breakwater, during
,a dense fog. The Court is composed of tha Honorable
Eugenius Harvey, president; the Worshipfuls M. M.
Frith, Police Magistrate, and Thomas N. Dill, J.P.-
'rrd Captain B. A. Williams, nautical assessor, and Mr.
F.;L. Godet, recording officer. The investigation of the
case has occupied two days, and we understand that the
Court meets again to-morrow, when it is probable their
deeisici will be pronounced.

A novel and most entertaining scene was witness-
ed at Paynter's Vale, on Saturday last, by very
many visitors from St. George and Hamilton, who
had been drawn to the spot on learning that the
two regiments, now stationed in Bermuda, were to
meet there for recreative amusements. At early
noon, of that day,. the 1-19th, commanded by
Colonel Deane, and the 46th, commanded by Colo-
nel Bennett-the first named having marched from
their Barracks, St. George, and the latter from
their quarters at Prospect-both out for amuse-
ment-met by appointment at the picturesque lo.
cality of Paynter's Vale; they were both accom-
panied by their bands. Soon after meeting, and
greeting, and pitching their tents and marquees, and
the performance of several evolutions by the two
Regiments, they partook of refreshments. It was
a pleasing and very gratifying sight to witness
with what regularity and system their dinners were
served, and with what relish it was partaken of by
the many hundreds of soldiers present; how manly
they conducted themselves throughout the cere-
mony. The neatness of their Kits astonished some
of the heads of families present of known particular-
ity. .Several very amusing songs were subsequently
sung, ini which the Quarter-Master of the 1-19th
Regt., and a private of the 46th, were the leaders;
several interesting and exciting games, &c., follow-
ed, not the least so was that of the "Tug-of.War,"
each Regiment being represented in the contest, the
palm being eventually awarded to the elder Regi-
ment. The many ladies and gentlemen present
were entertained at luncheon by the officers of the
Regiments. Soon afterwards the marquees and
tents were struck, and each Regiment, headed by
its band, marched off to their respective quarters.
The men had evidently, as shown by their counten-
ances and quick elastic step, enjoyed their recre.
ative and healthful amusement, as planned by their
commanders. The whole proceeding, from the
pitching of thetents tentso their being struck, was
a. most rare occurrence in Bermuda, those pre-
sent, declaring' that they would not have missed it
on any consideration.

The Russians are making their victory felt. They
are in possession of Widdin, Rustchuk, Erzeroum,
and other important posts, and are occupying some
of the exterior fortifications of Constantinople it-
self. There is no doubt that since the armistice
they are acting more in accord with the Turks than
in antagonism to them. There is no doubt, either,
that the Turks are not only making friends with
their enemy, but are disposed for the moment to
embarrass England. One of their ministers has
charged that England deserted them after holding
out hopes of aid, and though the statement has
been denied, the action of the Turks gives it color.
The Russians claim that they are only following
out their announced programme, which included
the possibility of their occupying Constantinople
if the military situation rendered it expedient. But
ever since they met the Turks to arrange the armis-
tice their coursehas not been clear or open. They
kept back its terms and even now have never stated
its details or implications. They continued their
march toward the Turkish capital while giving out
from St. Petersburg that the progress of their forces
was to stop. Up to a certain point they seemed to
treat in good part the desire of Austria and Eng-
land to be informed and consulted as to their future
action. They accepted and still adhere to the pro-
posal of a conference, though objecting to Vienna
as the place of meeting, and also to some other
details. But all the time they were marching to-
ward Constantinople, which did not please the
English; and were asserting territorial claims
which made Austria uneasy. At last their lan-
guage grew less politic and corresponded with their
acts more or less consummated. To the enquiry of
the British Minister for fuller information as to the
armistice, Prince Gortschakoff replied that it was a
matter which concerned the belligerents alone, and
he declined to give the information asked for.
All this is rather galling. It may be true that
Russia is only using legitimately the advantages
she has gained at great cost and sacrifice, and is only
using them in the way she had prepared the parties
to the treaty of 1856 to expect. But, when the
physical reality of her purposes is demonstrated,
when she seizes territory, and occupies positions
she may heretofore in some unalarming diplomatic
way have expressed a desire for, and when such
seizure and occupation are against the traditions
and threaten the material interests of Great Britain,
it cannot be expected that the English people will
find much comfort in the situation. When, fur-
ther, it is felt that the fruits of their conquest are
being gathered with something of duplicity to-
ward those who are concerned in the result, and
when smooth words and secret acts in turn give
way to tart and abrupt speech and deed, it cannot
be expected that the aggrieved powers will main-
tain perfect equanimity. There has all along been
.distrust in England of Russia, which may have
been in part unreasonable. A "noisy minority,"
as the Times called them, have been clamouring for
the Turks, and have obtained more influence than
perhaps they deserved. But within the past fort-
night things have changed. It is discovered in Eng-
land that the presence of the Russians at the back
door of Constantinople, through which they can at
any moment pour their legions, cannot be borne
calmly or indifferently. It is discovered, too,
that the apparent alliance between Sultan and
Czar is both an annoyance and a threat. Added
to this is a half fear that England has been too
confiding or forbearing, and is likely to be duped
or checkmated. Under this state of feeling no one
stops to blame another, and the aggressiveness of
the noisy minority" is fast becoming the will of
the nation. Opposition to the supplementary sup-
plies ceased, and they were passed'almost without a
I division. The mob broke Mr. Gladstone's windows I
because he was associated with the peace party.
The Conservative papers begin to reflect on Lord
Derby for his hesitancy and supineness, and most
significant of all, as showing the drift of popular
feeling, the pro-Russian Times" is becoming
warlike, and joins in the demand for decided and
energetic action.
The British fleet, when the Russians occupied
the suburbs of Constantinople, was ordered to enter
the Dardanelles. Under the treaty of 1856 this
could not be done, without the permission of the
Sultan, and his firman permitting the entrance of
the fleet was requested by the British Government,
and later on Austria asked the same privilege.
Russia thereupon announced that, on the arrival of
the fleet, her troops would enter Constantinople, and
Turkey made this Russian menace the ground or
pretext for refusing the request. The English then
demanded that, firman or no firman, their fleet
should go to the Dardanelles. They also insisted
that it should be published that their ships went to
serve British interests, and not, as had been re-
presented when the Sultan's permission was asked,
to protect merely British lives and property at Con-
stantinople. The duplicity attributed to the Rus-
sians makes the English just now sick of diplomatic
phrase and method. Negotiations were had for the
entry of the fleet which do not seem to have been
successful. On the 13th or 14th of Feby., Admiral
Hornby with his ironclads, passed the Dardanelles
and entered the Sea of Marmora, and, if he wants to
stay, it will not be easy to get rid of him. It is a mo-
mentous event. As far as the published statements
show, it was without the consent and against the
protest of the Sultan. It is contrary to the terms
of treaties, and Russia has announced will be con-
sidered as an abrogation of their restrictions. It
now remains to be seen if the Russian troops will
enter Constantinople. If they do the Sultan says
he will leave it. It -is not impossible that this
broad hint that England means business will lead
the Russians to adopt a less domineering and su-

percilious policy. In the present temper of Eng-
land, the way to a war between that realm and
Russia is awvide and open as the sea of Marmora.
A few days will decide if the Conference is to be
entered upon and the agencies of peace are to pre-
vail. The London money market has not been
greatly disturbed, and there seems to be an under
current of belief that the much discussed passage
of the Dardanelles will mark a sudden turn in the
course of feeling and action. One thing however,
is pretty certain, that conciliation and forbearance
are no longer all that will be done on the part of

WAR OFFICE, PALL MALL, Jan. 22nd, 1878.-
19th Foot-Lieut. R. H. Sadler, from the 2Royal
Sussex Artillery Militia, to be Second Lieut., in
succession to Lieut. R. M. Simpson, resigned;
Gentleman Cadet Edward William Mills, from the
Royal Military College, to be Second Lieut., in
succession ,to Lieut. G. Oakes, promoted; Gentle-
man Cadet William James Lascelles, from the
Royal Military College, to be Second Lieut., in
succession to Lieut. A. H. Cameron, deceased.
Jan. 29th.-Lieut. A. J. Paterson, to be Captain,
vice Brevet-Major M. Williams.
Jan. 22nd.-46th Foot-Sub-Lieut. H. G. P.
Beauchamp, from the Unattached List, to be Sub-
Lieut., on augmentation.
Jan. 29th.-Gentleman Cadet William Lueg
Harvey,. from the Royal Military College, to be
Second Lieut., in succession to Sub-Lieut. D. Cole,
transferred to 83id Foot; Gentleman Cadet Harry
Gage Morris, from the Royal Military College, to
be Second Lieut., in succession to Sub-Lieut. H.
Midwood, transferred to 74th Foot.

Captain Malcolm, R.N., who entered upon the
duties of his office as the chosen agent of England
and Egypt in carrying out the Anti-Slavery Con-
vention as regards the Red Sea ports, has already
been raised to the dignity of a Pasha,

On the evenings of Thursday and Friday last,
the members of the Bailey's Bay Amateur Theatri-
cal Society again appeared before their numerous
circle of friends, and the crowded houses of both
nights amply testified the appreciation with which
the entertainment was received. The weather was
so very unfavorable on Thursday that Sir Robert
and Lady Laffan were prevented from attending,
but on Friday evening His Excellency and Lady,
accompanied by Major Creek and Lieut. Carpenter,
honored the occasion with their presence. The
pieces selected were an amusing farce entitled
"Popping the Question," followed by a comedy in
one act, Who's to Win Him," the whole being
brought to a successful termination by the well-
known laughable farce, "Turn Him Out." The
acting was most creditable, each character being
admirably sustained. We may state that the com-
edy was repeated by special request, but the spirit
and vigour with which it was rendered, especially
by the ladies, did not fail to give it a fresh interest.
Mr. Melville Outerbridge, as Prattleton Primrose,
elicited loud and prolonged applause. In the
screaming farce "Turn Him Out" Mr. Skinner, as
the" Costermonger, did his work well, and Mr. Wat-
lington, as the Heavy Swell, was inimitable. By
the kind permission of Colonel Deane and Officers
of the 19th Regiment (Princess of Wales' Own), a
portion of their fine Band formed the orchestra on
each occasion, and by their varied and choice selec-
tions for the interludes afforded an additional
charm to the evenings' pleasure. Of course the
public understand that the proceeds are invariably
appropriated towards completing the Lyceum and
promoting the interests for which it is erected.
We subjoin the prologue written for the occa-
sion and spoken by Mr. Paul Outerbridge:
We, heart-warm friends of the Lyceum, greet
The kindly faces that to-night we meet,
We thank you for responding to our call,
And bid you now a welcome to our Hall.
Our generous Patron, and our country's friend,
To thee a thousand welcomes we extend.
Bermuda never can forget the day
When good Sir Robert came her rule to sway :
His wisdom shed upon her troubled stream
In darken'd hour, its genial, cheering beam,
And all was as a beauteous mirror clear;
And hope and gladness pictured every where !
We wish that we could make some fit return,
But though our hearts with gratitude must burn,
We find, alas! that we can only yield
The wither'd gleanings of a trodden field.
That simple Question" in the story old
We venture just to Pop," not to unfold ;
For if we were minutely to detail,
Our best intentions then would surely, fail.
Next, Who's to Win Him" shall our efforts tax,
A subject that sometimes a saint may vex,
But not our gay, romantic, sporting band,
For we can jilt with safety, e'en our friend,
And leave that artless unpretending fair
The winner's chaplet on her brow to wear.
Then last, not least, we'll try to "Turn Him Out,"
A work of time, yet may be brought about.
So with your kind permission we'll begin,
Or we too long shall keep our patrons in;
We cannot ask for praise where 'tis not due ;
We trust, not to our merits, but to you.
So queenly Lady, and ye fair ones round,
To your kind judgment we shall bow-profound.




TUESDAY, BermudaYacht Club.. Dr. Sinclair's
19th Feby. I
THURSDAY, { Mr. T. F. Tuck-
28th Feby. Riddles Bay........ er's Cricket Fld.
TUESDAY, Flatts Village........Cavendish
5th March
THURSDAY, Smiths Par. Church f Sand Hills, Pa-
14th March j [ get
TUESDAY, Shelly ay........ Wistowe Lodge
19thMarch Bay .... (Mr. Allen's)
THURSDAY, Warwick Camp......Eolia
28th March

An Inquest was held at the Town Hall, Hlamilton, on
Thursday last, by C. C. Keane, Esq., Coroner, on view
of the body of a colored male infant, found on the morn-
ing of that day, floating in the harbour opposite to where
the Inquest was held. It was supposed to have been in
the water some six or eight. days and was consequently
in an advanced state of decomposition. Its skull was
broken. It had around it the skirt of a woman's dress
-tied tightly about its neck ; floating near it was seen
scraps of cloth, linen, &c. Nothing was brought to
light at the Inquest, and a verdict in accordance with
the above was rendered. On Friday the Govprnor and
Council issued a notice offering a Reward of Twenty
Pounds for such information as would lead to the identi-
fication of the child, or as to how it came "by its death,
or by whom it was put into the water.

WASHINGTON, February 10.--An examination by
Treasury officials into the history of the steamer
Metropolis, which was recently wrecked on the
North Carolina coast, shows some facts not favor-
able to her owners. Prior to 1871 she was known
as the Stars and Stripes, and was registered at 407
tons. On July 20, 1871, her then owners, the
Messrs. Lunt, surrendered her papers at New York,
stating that she was broken up. The vessel had
been previously sent to Newburypert, Mass., and
was there lengthened 56 feet, and given a temporary
register under the name Metropolis, measuring 878
tons. She was afterward given a permanent regis-
ter at New York. Capt. Merriman, of the Life-
saving Service, who has just returned from the
scene of the wreck, says the forward and aft sec-
tions of the ship were so rotten that they were all
broken to pieces, while the planking of the middle
section, which was comparatively new, was washed
ashore in good condition. The lumber which
formed part of the cargo also came ashore in good
condition. Capt. Merriman brought several pieces
of the wreck to show the condition of the timbers.
These, he says, are as rotten as punk.
The New York "Tribune" of the 14th says:-
Either there is a conspiracy against Captain
Ankers among the ship's company of the "Metro-
polis," or he has betrayed his complicity in a great
crime. No less than four members of the crew tes-
tily that the Captain said to them at different times
that he had carried out the instructions given him
by the owners; they had adjured him, if he had
any accident, to make a good wreck of her." And
the ship's corpenter says that he called Capt. An-
kers's attention to the unseaworthiness of the ship,
and was merely cautioned in reply, to say nothing
about it. The fair inference is, if this testimony is
true, that the owners were tired of repairing this
rotten hulk, and wanted "a good wreck" made of
it, that they might get the insurance and part with
the ship forever. The hundreds of lives which had
been intrusted to it do not seem to have been con-
sidered at all. It is needless to say what a grave
accusation is made by these four witnesses, who
are supported to a certain extent by the fifth. It is
simply a charge of premeditated murder by whole-
Mr. Lunt, on being enquired of, reported the
whole statement to be "false."

Bertha Von Hillern, the young German girl who
recently walked 350 miles in six days and nights, at
Boston, finished, Saturday night, January 20, a walk
of 88 miles in 26 hours, with 15 minutes to spare,
Fully 11,000 people, including a large number of
women, visited her.

From the United States and Europe.

The Mail Steamer Canima, captainn Liddicoat,
from New York, anchored in the Channel on the
North Side, opposite the Ducking Stool, at 6 p.m.
on Sunday, and was at her wharf at 8 a.m. yester-
day. She left New York on the afternoon of
Thursday last.
We are indebted to Captain Liddicoat, Mr. Pur-
ser Gale, Mr. Harding, Mr. Doughty, Mr. Miller
and Mr. White, for files of New York and other
papers of the afternoon of the 14th inst.
Gold in New York on the 14th 1021ths.
Shares Delaware & Hudson Co. 46.
It is stated that two of H. M. Ships on the North
American station, aie ordered to the Mediter-
The Canadian Parliament was opened on the 6th
instant, by Lord Dufferin, the Governor General.
We have not been so fortunate as to obtain a copy
of His Lordship's speech on the occasion.
Several of the Canada Militia officers have offered
their services to Her Majesty's, should a war with
any foreign country render their services necessary.
From Ottawa it is reported that British army
officers in Canada have received orders to hold
themselves in readiness to join their corps.
that the coast defenses of the Dominion are to be
placed in an effective state.




LONDON, Feb. 14.-Lord Derby is expected to
make a statement in the House of Lords to-night
concerning the despptch of the fleet to Constantino-
ple, and the present aspect of the Eastern .question.
The Times in its leading editorial article to-day
Russia has incurred a grave and needless res-
ponsibility, and she will have to give guarantees to
Austria, as well as to England that she will quit
Constantinople, if she should fulfil her rash inten-
tion to occupy it with her troops."
The Vienna correspondent of the Times says:
"The excitement here is daily increasing at the
turn Eastern affairs are taking, and the excitement
in Hungary is even greater."
The Pesth correspondent of the Standard tele-
graphs as follows:
"The situation is regarded as very critical. The
Emperor has sent for Archduke Albrecht, Field
Marshal and Commander-in-Chief of the Austro-
Hungarian army, for the purpose of concerting
important military measures. The Government
organs maintain that Russia has broken her word,
and that Austro-Hungary will be compelled to
march to war with England, in order to force Rus-
sia to be faithful to her promises and return to her
former programme."
The Daily News's Vienna dispatch says :
While the Hungarian papers are warlike, the
Austrian independent press demand peace.":
The Daily Telegraph has the following special
dispatch from Vienna under date of last night:
Count Andrassy's prolonged interview with the
Emperor yesterday, and the sudden return to
Vienna of Archduke Albrecht, have given rise to
endless surmise as to the decisions pending. Count
Andrassy was closeted for several hours to-day
with the Minister of Finance, and at important fi-
nancial arrangements must precede the mobiliza-
tion of any portion of the army, it is rumored that the
Government are about te resort to active military
measures. Up to this evening I have no confirma-
tion of these reports, and therefore give them for
what they are worth. At the same time there can
be no doubt that the Government are not only alive
to the danger of the situation, but are resolved, if
possible, to avert what would be for Austro-Hun-
gary a national disaster. The following appeared
in Count Andrassy's organ, the Pesther Lloyd, this
The non-occupation of Constantinople is the
foremost and most weighty interest of Europe, and
if Russia understands, by regaining her freedom of
action, that she has the right to hoist the Czar's
flag of victory in the Bosphorus, then it is time for
the powers to abandon their diffe ant categories of
neutrality, and an end must be put to the policy of
accomplished fact. The occupation of Bulgaria and
the exaggerated extension it is proposed to give that
province will never be tolerated by Austria. Action
-and energetic action-alonecan nowsaveEurope."
MALTA, February 14.-Her Majesty's brig Escort
has arrived here from Fiume with a cargo of White-
head torpedoes. The turret-ship Devastation, four
guns and 9,190 tons, is to leave Malta to day, and
another vessel has been sent to Fiume for more
torpedoes. Any available supernumeraries for
strengthening the crews of the ships under Vice-
Admiral Hornby will go in the Devastation.
LONDON, Feby. 14.-It is curious to note the
pacific advice and prognostications which come
from Paris. There seems to be an utter absence of
interest or excitement there. This morning's
Times's dispatch from that city stated that it is
believed in competent quarters that matters will
be arranged peacefully.
The Republique Francaise counsels England to
remain tranquil. The Journal des Debate declares

that it is too late for England to act. The ma-
jority of the papers hold similar language, and
hope the wisdom and moderation of the powers
will prevent further complications.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Feby. 14.-The British fleet
passed through the Dardanelles at 3 o'clock Wed-
nesday afternoon. The Turkish Government con-
cluded that a mere protest meets the necessities of
the situation.
The Russians still declare that they will enter
the city, and fears of a considerable disturbance
should they do so are now entertained. The
destination of the fleet is said to be Princess Is-
lands, in the Sea of Marmora, thirteen miles south
of Constantinople, which it is reported England
intends to occupy.
LONDON, Feby. 14.-The Times, in its second
edition, prints the following dispatch :
"'he Government has information that the
British fleet has arrived at Constantinople."
The Admiralty has received a telegram that the
fleet has passed through the Dardanelles, but has
no advices of its arrival at Constantinople.'
LONDON, Feby. 14.-The Admiralty has received a
telegram from the English Consul at Chanak-Kal-
essi, Anatolia, on the Dardanelles, twenty-three
miles southwest of Gallipoli, confirming the report
of the passage of six ships of the British fleet up
the straits yesterday. The Turkish pasha made a
formal protest at Chanak-Kalessi, but no active
measures were taken to prevent the passage. The
admiral's orders were to enter the straits with or
without leave, and make arrangements to secure
his rear. The ships were prepared for action.

The Sixty-first Regiment will leave Dover to-day
for Portsmouth to embark for Malta.
It is stated that the Russians have captured
1.20,000 men, including 20 pachas, and 1,000 can-
non during the war.
LONDON, Feby. 11.-The Standard's Vienna spec-
ial states that three Austrian men of war have been

ordered to the Bosphorus. Italian vessels are also
going there. A number of Russian sailors have
gone overland to the Sea of Marmora to man cer-
tain Turkish men of war which are about to be
LoNDON,'Feby. 12.-The Standard's correspondent
at Berlin says the Emperor William received the
Presidents of the Reichstag on Sunday and it is
reported that be said : The situation is indeed
serious, but I nevertheless still hope thatthe main-
tenance of peace is possible."
The orders sent to Chatham for all the dockyard
hands to work overtime has caused some excite-
ment. Such an order has not been known since
the Crimean war. The vessels preparing for sea at
Chatham are the ironclads Monarch of 8,822 tons,
the Northampton of 7,323 tons, and the Penelope
of 4,394 tons, besides several large unarmoured
vessels. More hands were engaged yesterday for
all the departments of the Woolwich Arsenal and
the Portsmouth and Davenport dockyards.
A Regiment, which was under orders to leave
Plymouth for Aldershot, has been directed to re-
main at Plymouth and hold itself in readiness for
other movements.
-A general advance was made against the enemy
on January 15, which was completely successful.
10,000 cattle End 15,000 sheep were captured; The
Kaffirs lost heavily. Transkei is completely clear-
ed of the enemy.
A telegram received in London on Saturday by
the Peruvian Guano Company states that a strong
tidal wave has swept the coast of Peru. The Cal-
lao moles have been severely damaged. No ship
at the guano deposits was injured.

A Fleet Circular is about to be issued giving to
Inspectors-General and Deputy Inspectors-General
of Hospitals and Fleets, increased relative rank, so
as to place them on an equality with their corres-
ponding ranks in the Army.
The Bullfinch has been ordered to meet Admiral
Sir A. C. Key at Bermuda, and letters receivdt1 by
the last mail attribute this step to the belief of the
Admiral that it will be desirable to inquire into a
matter which will be of interest to the Service, as
settling how far "petticoat government" may be
extended to those under naval discipline. We believe
the aggrieved individual was on his way home,
but, meeting the Admiral, he laid his case before
him, and some inquiry is said to be the result.
Captain Erskine, who lately came home in the
Eclipse after a full commission on the North Ame-
rican Station, has received from the Colonial Office
a letter expressing the thanks of the department
for the manner in which he carried out the Fishery
duties of the station. For three seasons Captain
Erskine was selected to take under his orders :the
ships detailed for the duty of protecting the New-
foundland Fisheries, and some suggestions made by
him on this rather delicate question have been act-
ed upon.

Royal Standard of the 26th ultimo contains the fol-
lowing obituary:-" Died, at Salt Cay, on Wednesaay
the 17th instant, Sarah, widow of the late Peter Mor-
gan, native of Bermuda, aged 114 years, leaving 3
children and several grand and great grand children,
besides a numerous circle of relative and friends to
mourn their loss.

The Herreshoft Manufacturing Company of Bristol,
Rhode Island, has a contract with the Spanish Gov-
ernment to build a gunboat of 185 feet in length, of
light Schr.-rig, to carry one steel rifle gun. Suppos-
ed for the coast of Cuba.

A Supplement of Five
Columns accompanies this No. of the
GAZETTE. It contains :
Three Letters from Correspondents
GUEST on Disestablishment,
"Public Opinion" on Odd-Fellowship,
C." on the Death of Wrexham,
Cricket-1-19th and 46th Regts.,
Death of the Pope,
Death of Dr. Eames, &c., &c.

BIRTH.-GooDwlIN.-On 17th instant, at Avocado
Lodge, Prospect, the WIFE of the Rev. E. H. Good-
win, Chaplain to Her Majesty's Forces, of a SoN.

DIED, at Wesley Cottage, Warwick, February 3rd,
1878, after a short illness, MARGARET ELIZABETH,
the beloved wife of Richard H. Deshield, and eldest
daughter of Mr. Samuel Smith, aged 32 years.
........., suddenly, at her residence, Ely's Harbour,
Somerset, on 5th February, MARY GILBERT, wife of
William Burrows, Esqr., aged 73 years and 6 months.
........., at Jersey, on the 17th January, 1878, CLARA,
the wife of Color Sergt. Murphy, 53rd Regt., nice
Clara Catherine Murray, of Bermuda.
........., in Paget Parish, on 28th January, OLIVIA
MARION, eldest daughter of the late Nathaniel Hods-
den, aged 14 years; leaving a mother, two sisters and
a brother to lament their loss.
........., at Manchester, England, Jany. 26th, MARY
L'ESTRANGE KEANE, daughter of James E. Addis,
Esqr., Asst.-Paymaster Control Department,

Physiology, in its relations to the laws of life, is the
science of the functions of the entire natural man. Our

bodies are made up from what we eat and drink, the
same as rhe.plant is made up from the soil on which it,
fcels. If the soil in which the tree grows be rich, or
well supplied with all the ingredients necessary, a
strong hardy product may be expected. On the other
hand, if the soil be thin or sterile, the tree or plant
will be stunted, or otherwise injuriously affected. So
in regard to the food on which we subsist. Poor food
will make poor blood, and poor blood will make poor
tissue, bone and nerve. Good coal will make good
gas; poor coal, poor gas, and furnish a poor light.
Only that which can be readily assimilated
and converted into healthy blood has any
business in the human stomach. Very much that is
eaten, and very much that we drink cannot be assimi-
lated or appropriated, and is only an enemy to the
body. Instead of favoring growth, many substances
in which we indulge are actually poisonous. Many
drink alcholic liquors, which are neither food nor
drink. Many chew, snufi, or smoke tobacco, and im-
pregnate their whole systems with vile elements which
poison the blood, interfere with healthy growth, blunt
the moral seibilities, and stupefy, exhaust, and wear
out the nervous system prematurely.
If one would acquaint himself with the laws of life
and health, and live in accordance with hygienic prin-
ciples he may escape most of the diseases and infirmi-
ties with which the race is afflicted. Even epidemics,
such as cholera, yellow fever and small pox, often do
not touch a healthy organization ; only those already
predisposed to disease become easy subjects. Foolish
and ambitious parents push and crowd the minds of
their children, that they may become "smart" and
show off to advantage. Under such treatment imma-
ture brains become abnormally large, the young
minds unhealthfully active ; and a touch of brain
fever cuts off the young lives like buds before they
blossom. Precocious children may be everywhere
seen in our cities. The artificial mode of life fhrsued
by many parents tends to augment this growing evil.
A better knowledge of physiology would correct all
this, and enable parents to generate healthy offspring,
without exhaustion to themselvcgh,rnd to bring up
into full manhood, a race of people higher aud better
than has yet existed.


For Benefit of O ne is, Underwrit-
ers and all Concerned.

This Day, Tuesday,
1' 9th instant, at 12 o'clock,
0l I. S1HE' WS A $RF,


SVarious sizes)
47 Boxes CODFISH
150 Do. Smoked HERRINGS
' 10 Barrels MACKEREL
2 Half-Ditto SALMON
Quantities more or less.
Damaged on board the American Schooner
"Lizzie M. Stewart," put into this Port in
distress on a voyage from Boston to Guada-
St. Gorges, Bemuda

St. George's, Bermuda,
S19th Feby., 1878.

i p publicc Auction
To-morrow, Wednesday,
20th Instant, 12-o'clock,
Salt MACKEREL, in Kits and Qr. Brls.
W, Oolong and other TEAS, (Superb)
Laundry and Fancy SOAPS
Adamant iije and Tallow CANDLES
Kegs NAILS Nos. 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10
1 Cooking STOVE, new and complete
1 Laundry STOVE (A new invention)
4 Fine PIGS and several small ones
all of a Superior Breed
A Fine young Milch

And to Close a Consignment,
25 Prs. Long BOOTS
22 Light Carriao-e HARNESSES
6 Large SATCHELS and some CROMOS, &c.
A Draught

And a Cedar Row BOAT (new) 14
feet keel, &c., &c.
Hamilton, Feby. 19th, 1878.
N, B.-If rainy to-morrow, then first fair
day after. J. H.
For Benefit of Owners, Underwri-
ters.and all Concerned.


In this Town,

.On Thiursaay next,
The 21st Inst., at 12 o'clock, noon,
About 6,000 Bushels Superior
..:. Coarse SALT,
Ex American Brigt. "Iza," Chandler, Master,
SAbandoned at this Port whilst in the prose-
cution of a Voyage from St Heyeres, France,
bound to Providence, R.I. Sold in accor-
. ,,- dance with instructions.
7 N. B.-This Salt is of a Superior quality and
the attention of Ship Owners is called to the
opportunity of making a good freight.
St. George's, Feby. 18th, 1878.

I am Coonstaiitly Receiving
Froan the New.York Alatrkekt,
Of all sizes,

Five Barrels of Well-sprung
Garnet Seed POT A
Superior Whit-, F'eed CORN
For Sale,
S Terms Reasonable, by


llamrilhon, February 19, 1878.

SDunscomb & Frith

To Consigne

To above address I beg to
facilitating zhlipm ts, &c.

-January 14th, 1878.-6 3p.


Under the Elig Shed,
At 12 o'clock

On Thursday next,
2. 1st instant,
20 Do. Table POTATOES
10 Drums CODFISH
15 Kegs and Tubs American BUTTER
100 HAMS 20 Bags OATS
10 Dozen BROOMS 10 Dozen PAILS
20 Kegs NAILS-id., 5d., 6d., 8d., 10d.
20 Tins LARD-10 lbs. and 25 lbs.
15 Boxes SOAP 20 Boxes HERRINGS
5 Half Bis. Family BEEF 5 Do. PORK
10 Bls. Muscovado SUGAR
1 Do. Green GINGER
Bags RICE Boxes Corn STARCH
Half Chests TEA Bairels MEAL
"Boxes Soda BISCUITS, 35 lbs. each
Crimson Silk Damask, imported for Govern-
ment House.
I. H. T.
A. I.,
1 Case contain'g 6 ENGRAVINGS,
Framed, viz.:
Damaged by sea water on board the Barken-
tine Satellite," Winter, Master, while on
a voyage from London to this Port,
and on Survey recommended to be
Sold for benefit of all con-
,iIg 2 Fine Milch Cows,
One Calf just off, the other giving 6 quarts of
Milk daily.
Hamilton, February 18th, 1878.

Unrese-Ived Sale
Vanity Fair Tobacco,
In Two Doz. Packets, Tin Foil.

At 1 P.M.,
On Thursday next,
21st Instant,
U mder fiie Big hhcd,
T'wenty-Six Boxes
Vanity Fair TOBACCO.
Each Box contains 40 Packages, put up in Tin
Foil, 2 oz. each, equal to 21 lbs. in a Box.
Hamilton, Feby. 18th, 1878.
Gazelle only.


p public lAucttio0n,
Under Authority of the COLONIAL
On the Market Square,
28th Inst. At 12 o'-clock,
Certain Heavy Moorings,
Lying submerged in the Harbor of St. George,
about One hundred fathoms S. W. of Hen
Island, on the following conditions :
Said Moorings to be taken up or

buoyed to my satisfaction with-
in sixty days from date of Sale.
Harbor Master.
St. George, Bermuda, 2
Feby. 18th, 1878. J
Colonist copy.


Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
English and American Preserved

Nos. 10 and 12 Queen l':treet,
llamniilton, liermuda.
N. B.-Ships' Stores Supplied at Lowest
February 18th., 1878.-12 m
Gazette only.

CE, NEW ,,K. For Sale.
rsA good Saddle and l)raft
u gooA M an I
offer my services in f

J. F. SMI "I H. Apply at the Oilice. of the Royal Gazette."
; Hamilton, Feby. 19th, 1878.


1557 Ft. Birch PLANK,
12 SPARS over 60 Feet Long,
10 SPARS over 45 Feet Long,
25 Spruce KNEES,
TENDERS to be in by 6 pn.m.
To-morrow, Wednesday,
20th instant.
Not bound to accept the highest or any
Hamilton, 19th Feby., 1878.
Colonist Copy once.

New York Mail Steamer. 20 REWARD !!

The Steam Ship

Will leave this Port for New York
On Thursday next,
The 21st Instant, at 1 P.iL,
To leave thence for return on
28th Instant.
All MAILS will close at the Post Office at
10 a.m., 21st.
Specie List and I'arcel List to close at 9 p.m.
Freight will be taken until 10 a.m. 21st, and
Bills of Lading will be signed unt 1I I a.m. of
same date.
P'assengcers Stage will be removed at l'30
p.m., 21st.
Warehouse to be cleared on 23rd.
Hamilton, i9th Feby., 1878.

THE CHILt )REN of St. Paul's -By Order of the Meortgagee uzder a
S Church sunday School, Paget, intend Power of Sale,
"TWO GIIAND voCL oiT e rTm mIS

On the Evenings of 9th May, at 12 Noon,
Wednesday '- Thursday A Parcel of LAND
27th and 28th instant. IN SANDY'S PARISH,

Proceeds in aid of the above named School
The patronage of the Public is very respect-
fully solicited.
PRICE OF ADMISsION-O()e Shilling. Chil-
dren half-price.
I Doors open at 7 o'clock ,Performance to
commence at 7'30 precisely.
i Tickets may be obtained at the door on the
Evenings of Performance.
The Audience will be very nicely amused with
a choice selection of Vocal Music, Dialogues,
Recitations, &c., &c.
|, Conductor.
Paget, February 18th, 1878.-2


TT? y U U W N 1 < IG in D-9
Has Just Received from London,
A Superior Lot of Gentlemen's
Water or hfoof BRUSH i'
Spoke BItUS!IES Curry an.d Mane CO(lMB -
Gents and Ladies Riding WilIPS
Carriage WHIPS
Horse and Donkey Cart II \-iNESSES
Cart LASilES Knee CAPS
Carriage LA I PS, &c.
Harness and Carriage Establishment, untd-r
the Town IHall, East Front St., Hamilton.
February 18th, 1878.-4

I Notice.
pASSENGERS by Boats land-
uing at or embarking from the STALLS
at Waterloo," will be hereafter treated as
i amilton, February 19, 1878.-3 3p
Gazette only.


To Farmers and Shippers of

Bermuda Produce.
The Undersigned Solicits Consignments to
iNessi8 s. A, HI isiett & Co.,
156 West Street, New York,
Throughout the coming Crop Season.
The usual care and attention will be observed
in receiving and forwarding Shipments. Sales
Hamilton, 15th Jany., 1878.

Liberal Prices will be paid for Produce
throughout the Season S. S. I.
Hlamilton, 15Mh Jany., 1878.-6 3p.

STo Growers aned Owners

IN consequence of the great increase in ship-
ments of Produce to New Yoik since the
season of 1874, we deem it necessary to give
notice, that we are ready to give our personal
attention as usual to all Shipments of Bermuda
Produce for New York made through us, but
without being responsible for the net proceeds
until paid to ounr order in New York, which will
be given to the New York Consignies for Sale,
by each vessel transporting a shipment.
When necessary to order Specie in return for
any shipment it will be insured at the expense
of the Owners interested, and Owners will
clearly understand that all the dangers of trans-
port are borne by them.
Hamilton, Bermuda, t30th Ju ,,
February 9, 1878. to h Jue, .p

Wanted a Cook.
Apply at Gazette" Office.
February 18, 1878,

Containing about TWO ROODS, bounded on
the North by a Public Cross Road; on the
South by Land of the Heirs or Devisees of
Pilot William Morris, deceased; on the East
by Land of the Heirs or Devisees of Charles
Hewlett, deceased; and on the West by Land
of the Heirs or Devisees of Captain William
Morris, deceased: with the
SiIl thereon, now occupied by Timothy
Further particulars may be had of S. BRowx-
Low GRAY, Esqr., Hamilton.
February 19th, 1878.
19F., 19 M., 30 A., 7 M.-3 p.



Colonial Secretary's Office,
HAMILTON, 15TH Feby., 1878.
Colored Male Child
found in Hamilton Harbour
on the 13th instant,

And no evidence has been obtained as to the
mode in which the Child came by his death,

A Reward of 20
Will be paid to any person, not actually con-
cerned in the death of the Child or the dis-
posal of the Body, for such information as
may lead to the identification of the Child and
the discovery of the mode in which he came
by his death, and a proportionate Reward, to%
be determined by His Excellency the Gover-
nor and Council, for such information as may
assist in establishing the identification of the
Child, or in tracing the means by which he
came by his death, or by whom he was put
into the'water.
Some 'portions of Clothing found with the
Body may be seen at the Police Office in Ham-
By His Excellency's Command,
Colonial Secretary.

T HER Co-partnership heretofore
existing under the firm name of BK.LL &
YOUNG, is tlhi day dias:slved by mutual con-
1henezer Hell is authiorised to bign in liquida-
All Accounts remaining unpaid on31st March
1878, exceptt those previously arranged far) will
be placed in legal hanuls for collection.
flamilton 31st January, 1878.--3

[I RlE Business of the late Firm will be con-
tinued by the undersigned in his own inam,
until further notice.
I lamilton, Feby. i, 1878.

Salt Salt!

SftR Ot Of aLItI Turks Island Salt,
IN THE TOWN OF ST. GEORGE, At One Shilling per shl
Commonly calledAt One Shilling per ttshol
S'y l ",, During the present week only.
P__ 100 Bushels and over can be had on very easy
h T ^i. --- terms.

JTe above jLjout not naving been disposed of is
Offered for Sale.
For description see "Royal Gazette" of 29th
For particulars apply to
Hamilton, 14th Feby., 1878.--1


Cheap and Durable,
A nierilcn n aNovelties
Lamps Repaired,
Tin PL \TEFS Jelley PANS Coffee POTS
The Improved Little Night Lamp
Five Doors Went of "Gazette" Office,
Mr. Jas. RIichardson's Store.
llamilton, february 19thr, 1878.


To Farmers and Others.
Would Respectfully Solicit Consigniments of
Bermuda Produce,
throughout the present Crop Season.
Feeling confident that his long experience and,
thorough acquaintances with the Business will
enable him to give every satisfaction.
42 Front Street, Hamilton.
Will receive and forward Consignments free of
Account ales and Cash returns promptly made.
18 Vesey Pier, Washington Market, New York.
February 4, 1878.-3m. 3p.
One of the speakers at the spelling-reform con-
vention in Cincinnati says there are three things
that the spelling reform expects to do for the print-
ing fraternity : First, to dispense with small caps;
second, to render italics useless ; third, to dispense
with spacing out lines by enabling the printer to
carry into the next line any part of a word ; when.
letters are no longer needed to determine the power
of other letter this mode of dividing words will be-
come perfectly feasible.
The telephone is being extensively introduced
into Eneland. A curious fact is noticed in refer-
ence to the telephone placed in the mills of Lord
Belpor, near Derby, three miles apart. A railroad
passes between them, and the telephonic wire
passes four feet above the network of telegraph
wires beside it, yet in the mills a person acquainted
with the Morse system can read off from the tele-
phone every message which passes on these tele-
graph wires. It also seems unnessary to use wire
exclusively to conduct the sounds of the telephone.
The other day a gentleman applied the apparatus
to his park palings and talked around the park with

Apply to
Front Street, Hamilton,
Feby. 18th, 1878.--1

Notice to Growers
of Bermuda Produce.
V I HE, Undersigned ber to offer their Services
for Receiving and Forwarding Consign-
ments of
Bermuda Produce.
To Messrs. JO HA VNIX 4. Co.,
"Throughout the coming Crop Season."
W All Shipments intrusted to our Care will hay
our usual good attention.
Hlamilton, Bermuda.
January 21, 1878,-.2 m, 3rd p.
Unclainmedt f tLe e _'rs.
Thos A Adam", Janea A.ewood, J A Atwood,
Jane Alford, Jose Antonio, 3Jt Armstrong, %V Ad-
cock, Applican'," rhos G Adams, Eraaiiu Butter-
field, Peteor Burgesi, Jas W Butterfiold Joao
Bettencourt, Thous J Bitte. fil.l, Elizi Beach, Dr W
O F, Lydia Been, Jos Ba.den, Roa Cor.iu-
si'r, J W Cook, Sarah Coinner, Mrs Ann Dill, Wan
S Darrell, W A Dougla,, Cliarlt, Darrell, MAry C
Eve, Mary F Eve, W C Eve, S L Eve, George Eve.
Jne Einmanuelson, A J Frith, Mrs Furb.,r, Win
Frazer, J J Friswell, 0. Freeman, P L du Mory
Gray, Antonio Geo'ge, Mrs J ollrne, N:th Hay-
ward, Ann E Harford, J H Hopkin-, W A llaly, J
H T Jackson, Mrs Nathan Jackson, Alex Jen.s, Jno
S Johnson, W H Jones, Mrs Martin Johnson, W
Jones, Frank Jones, Jo Liglhibourn, Theresa Lan-
dy, G S Locke, Chas S Littell, S Liltiner, Susan
Lee, Ellen Murphy, Wm P 3.Illowe, Georgianna
Marshall, Mrs S A .Mestera, Mary .lau, Eliza F
Nunn, Jas Pearson, (schr Sattelite'),JusN Place,
Marchado Pereira, Rich i'lace, Emma Piatton, Nat.
tie Roberts, Rachael Rome.o, Jas Robinson, Jos \Vm
Roubinson, A H Robinson, Mrs G Robinson, Mrs
Sarah Smith, Jno J Smith, Mrs Rd Stovi11, Fredk
Simmons, Geo N Swsn, Julia Smith, Saml J Smith,
Ambrozio de Si'va, HIam P Sinonsson, Geo Si-
mons, Mary Smith, (Shelly Bay,) Jas Fulton Smith,
Dr 0 W T- Smith, S Soym.-ra, EIiz Smith, J
R Smith, Alphens Smith, Roteanna Smith, Francis-
code Si:vina, Mrs Jaaj Trew, Walter Thompson, Mrs
S IR Tucker, 3 B Tynes, Chas A Thomas, Go'l'rott,
Rich Tynes, J H Trott, Trott & Cox, Dairila Viuerai
G Valhntitie, Mrs A C Wahhing on,, U A Whitely,
Thos Williams, Susan Wate, Jas I, Ward, Mrs Joa
Whitecross, Mary H We\bb, Laura F Wilkinmon,
Sarah Yates, Mrs Augusta Yates, Miss E Young.
Post Office, Hamilt.-n, Feb. 18, 1878.
MAILS for England, United States,and Dominion
of Canada, per steamer "Canima," close at the Post
Office, Hamilton, on Thursday next, at ten, a.m.
FICE, ST. G 1.OR;E. 18th Fiby., 1878.
B u cl,iall, Julia Burche', Mrs Thos Brown, Mr
Dewsbury, It T llaywrdl, Mrs Sarah Hlarvey,
Charlotte Johnson, llen-y J Jones, Mingo Jone.-
Harry McMillan, Colin lM\V-ar, Hugh Mitchell,
Messrs .i1cCallan & C.-, 1,. Ou eb idge, Edward
Outerbridge, StCpheli-n Ricliard.-on, J .hn :.1mith, Mrs
Wm Smi-h, Sus in Troti, iienj D Talbut, Thomas
Wainwiight, Charles Williams, Edward Walsh.


SINAI (52-21 WV.

Mlv! ltw (D

T.0 BE SO L D,

1-0 N.LID 11, )AJ'AL GAZETTE-,

- ~IT

(From ilhe

pa. ris-Corr, 'of '7
'1 61'

S January 16.-One million persons were pre-
s.ent at the funeral of Thiers, over half a million at
the interment of pere Raspail, and perhaps three
thousand individuals have just assisted at the an-
,nual in memorial mass- for Napoleon III, which
last ceremony appears to be degenerating into a po-
litical ovation for Hectoring de Cassegnac. Alfred
; de Mussel had only 27 mourners at his burial, and
the number that assisted at the obsequies of Mo-
zart, is as unknown as the spot where the immortal
Smusiciaui has been interred. The most remarkable
-incident about Raspail's funeral was'the perfect
order that reigned-thanks to the studied absence
of the authorities. No such proceeion would be
P oskible under the'Empire; the body would have
been. spirited away by a squadron of cavalry-a
military honor that was paid to the remains of Be-
Like Victor Hugo, Raspail flattered the people
and so they adored him. Hugo commenced life as
a Monarchist, Raspail as a B,naparlist and Church
< Student, and both subscribed to the Deistic and
SRadical creed. Hugo has made a fortune by wri-
S-t4ing poetry-more or less excellent, and Raspail by
manufacturing camphor-unqiuistionablly good.
Raspail was not close-fisted like Hugo, and he suf-
fered more for "the cause," as much of his life was
passed in prison, as well as in exile. He was a
republican of the. old rock, and like Curtius, would
at any lime have jumped into any gulph to save the
State. A Marseilles journal accuses Raspail with
the weakness of believing in GOD." Louis Blanc
pronounced a speech over the grave, by which we
learn, the deceased came unknown to Paris, to seek
hiis fdrune, a*d paid the customary fees connected
with that enterprise-starvation and misery.
The'country remains calm, and the new officials
are settling down to work. They neither write
nor specify to any remarkable extent, and are de-
termined to win success by meriting it. As much
as possible, the system of local self-government is
being'eticouraged, but thbe rurals are not yet quite
-ripe for this boon ; (hey still believe their prospe-
rity to be bound up with the central administration
i of Paris., The Chamber of Deputies commences to
dally over the validation of some deputies returned
S at he general elections, and which does not respond
t6 public expectation. To give and to take, says a
French proverb, amounts. to nothing. Last week
"- th ministers superseded that blustering political
general, Ducrotu; a decided and necessary measure,
Sto warn all commanders to steer clear of political
battles, where the death-rate isso heavy, and the
wounded generally beyond surgery. This week
the Cabinet has lost ground by naming Admiral
Fournichon, a noted royalist, and unconcealed
enemy of the Repuibliq, to represent France at the
King of Spain's marriage. Political necessity
compelled the republicans to acquiese in the des-
patch of the Bonapartist Marshal Canrobert, to re-
present the nation at Victor Emmanuel's funeral
but the Admiral is a stinger for the coalesced re-
publicans. Spanish marriages, however, have never
been happy for France, despite all the old slippers
thrown after them. -
The church has certainly done all that could be
expected in the way of praying for the divine bene-
diction for the work of the new parliamentary ses-
sion. In the chief cathedrals of Partis and Versail-
les, the ceremony could not have been more solemn,
'more magnificent, had it been celebrated under the
reigns of a Bourbon or a Napoleon, or any other
-l dynasty occupying the throne of France-for ever.
Many .of the legislators do not believe in the effi-
cacy of prayers for parliamentary sagacity, no more
than Professor Tyndall in supplicating Providence
.,,,for rain during a period of drought. The deputies
are more occupied about extending primary educa-
tion, so that every townland may have its free
school, and children compelled to attend, if not that,
some educational establishment. -France is sadly
in want of superior prima y schools, where pupils
after matriculating in three R's, can drink a little
deeper of the Pierian spring. In the case of girls,
the country is absolutely deficient in the facilities
-for obtaining this higher culture; like Dogberry,
they must relief somewhat upon nature for theextras.
As a proof bof the decline of Bonapartism in
France, the town of Ajaccio, the cradle of the Na-
poleon dynasty, has just elected its town council,
tie '27 members of which are all Republicans.
Three years ago the result was in. the opposite sense.
The newspapers of that party are disappearing as
rapidly, as Turkish resistance to her Christian in-
vader. Occasionally a Bonapartist and a Legita-
mist newspaper amalgamate, and this marrid;.L: de
raison professes a programme about as clear to
comprehend as British interests in the East.. The
coalition claims of course to be Brethren of Purity,
-for in France the upright people are only those who
think as you do. -
Competition has already opened at the Exhibi-
tion, in respect to fitting up of the sections; the race
does not appear to be to the swift, as Austria and
the United States are rapidly coming to the front;
even the Chinese promise to overtake their almond-
eyed relatives from Japan. The latter will in their
old hbquse from home, show us how rice is prepared,
ho0w tea is rolled, and how their valuable knick-
"knacks thiat accumulate so much dust on our
Drawingqroom tables, are manufactured. Sweden
has sent a guard of eight men-tall, powerful fel-
lowIs, combining in their uniforms 'that of the
French, German, and Spanish soldiers, to watch
'bver her exhibits; the men are lodged in the ordi-
nary barracks, and receive the rations of a ser-
g'eaut's mess. WVe know that a book is a book,
'although there be nothing in it; well, any author

Who has published a technical work will not only
'bare it-admitted in a special section, but its name
"will be efmiialmred in the general catalogue,'and the
w'rwithrwill be entitled to a free ailmission. Per-
'haps it 'may iot be generally known that the first
"industrial exhibition'in' France was held in- 1798,
'under t small shed in the Court-yard.of the Lou-
'vre; that the catalogue of the exhibits was a pam-
plileL of '24 pages, and tihemedal of honor was re-
* served to the invention which would "give the
- ost, fafal blow to English industry." No exhibi-
tion held'since then had as many total visitors as
*that of.Paris in 1867--nearly 101 "uillion- for 210
days. Remembering the shorter period, 159 days,
that t h Centennial remained open, it had a greater
'aggregate of visitors.
The Republicans are deploring a great scandal.
it has been discovered that the editor of one of the
advanced journals, an individual named Chartier,
ihas been srm'e time ih the pay of the police.
-The scoundrel has been morally Lynched, for the
.French law is very severe against, tarring and fea-
-thering. But the most depinved part of the case is
that Chartier wrote a violent and communistic ap-
,peal to the Reds, and the then ,Home Minister, de
Fourtou, mc:de use of this document,'the product
of one of Lis own creatures, to Irighten nervous
voters against Gambetta's kith and kin. Charter
states he accepted the.300 fr. per month salary as a
defective, the better to aid his political friends-to
saveMhis party. -
The Bakers have held their annual congress and
among 6ther matters agitated, was that of irist
work. This experiment was twice. tried; volunta-
rily, under the Empire, and compui(,or ly, 'dwi .
the Commune-in both instances without success,
as nothing could disabuse the mind of a Parisian,
that f1e world had come to an end, if deprived of
the'wai:m roll at the first breakfast. Now we have
at many vari ies of bread as the Romans, and ex-
cellent too, bteause cooked with wood, The exer-

eisc of the trade of baker, dates from CL-,
and the first public ovens in Paris, were farmed by
the tmet!ropolitan bishops. Extremes meet: letters
have just come to light, showing that in 1771. Vol-
taire turned baker, at Ferney; with the view of com-
bating the famine, he prepared bread for the mil-
lion, composed of one part of potato meal, and two
of ordinary wheaten flour. While on the subject of
food it may be remarked, that during the Exhibi-
tion, thehiprinpholists of Paris, will give a banquet
once a month to thejournalists of all nations, where
horse and ash flesh, prepared in every seductive
form, will be served up. Over 1,000 horses, &c.,
per week are slaughtered in Paris for food, and the
animals are even imported, for that purpose;
America and Australia must look sharp, or they
will lose tlie market for beef and mutton. Some
capital cooks swear by the gods nine that no soup
can now possess the required flavor, without add-
ing a leetle horse steak to the stock.
A Jeremy Diddler named Chesneau, having as
many aliases as an Hidalgo has of baptismal names,
was recently tried for swindling; he was of good
family, and not at all in want; it was alleged he
was a lunatic, and medical authorities swore hard
on both sides, for and against the allegation. The
,prisoner professed he was a lunatic, the jury took
him at his word, and the judge sent him to a luna-
tic asylum.
Measures are being taken with a view of having
all the bridges across the Seine illuminated with
the electric light instead of gas; this will be a rare
spectacle for visitors. To keep up.with the spirit
of the age, the busses are to have three, instead of
two horses.
The School of Medicine has inaugurated an ex-
cellent course of lectures, on legal medicine. A
class, of 80.pupils only, and the most advanced in
their studies, follow the demonstrations of the pro-
fessor at the Morgue. It is a surprise to learn, that
only very few doctors know how to lift a corpse
the victim of a crime, and still fewer to make a
clear report of the post mortem examination "
The Russian banker, Giinzburg, who has just
died, made his fortune as an army contractor dur-
ing the Crimean war; he arrived in Paris as an
??rolite, and to introduce himself, he sent his cards,
accompanied with ear-rings, bracelets, &c., to all
the first families of Paris-who feared the Greek
even with his gifts-and returned them.
A retired Bailiff has been unanimously black-
balled in one of the leading clubs here; and a Tur-
kish beggar solicits aid, describing himself as an
There are advertisements from a live prince,
willing to sell his title and estates, and from a
King-at-arms, ready to furnish a title, the degree
proportionate to the price.

In the course of certain experiments, M. Foucault
found out that a pendulum, freely suspended in
space, continued its oscillations in the direction first
given to it, without being influenced by the revolu-
tion of this globe. In 1860 he attached a large me-
tallic sphere, by means of a long wire, to the crown
of the dome at the Pantheon. The result of the
oscillations showed conclusively that he had not
been mistaken in his conjectures, as a projecting
point, attached to the under side of the ball, traced
very distinctly, on a small raised bed of sand, the
difference in the movement of the vibrating mass
and that of the earth. The experiment is about to
be renewed, in a much more perfect manner, at the
Exhibition of 187,8. A pendulum weighing about
H3,0L kilogramme', will oscillate, at the end of a wire
aome 65 or 70 metres long, in a construction espe-
cially adapted to the apparatus. The pendulum will
be suspended 'above a grooved piece which will
move freely on its axis, and a point dejecting from
the sphere, moving along the hollow, will cause the
tube constantly to maintain the same direction as
that of the oscillations. Underneath will be fixed
a large terrestrial globe, some 25 or 30 metres in
diameter, which being fixed to the ground will,
with the spectators, follow the motions of the earth.
To the ends of the grooved tube will be fixed long
index needles which will be guided wholly by the
oscillations of the pendulum, and though appa-
rently in constant movement, will, in reality, re-
main like the pendulum itself, fixed in space as
-regards the constellations of the heavens. As the
points of those needles will turn toward the globe,
the lines they indicate on it will correspond exactly
with the rotation of our planet.

The Hon. Mr. Wood, treasurer, in his budget
speech gives the receipts of the province of Ontario
for 1877, as $2.512,077; expenditures, $2,368,315;
estimated receipts for 1878 $2,451,069; estimated
expenditures, $.2,.12,353; of which $2,052,653 is
for ordinary expenses. Total assets of the province,
$6,262,374; total liabilities, $1,509,576.
Chicago pork-dealers in the last three months
slaughtered over 240,000 more hogs than during
the same period last year.

By a Family ir this Town.
Apply Gazette" Office, Hamilton.
Feby. 12th, 1878.



Comfortable Lodging
For either a Single Gentleman or
a Lady, can be obtained in Church Street, in
this Town. Board can also be obtained if re-
For Reference apply at the Office of the
" Royal Gazette."
January 28, 1878.

Just Received,
Men's Calf and Kid Spring-side

Ladies Biuttoned KID BOOTS
FLANNEL, &c., &c.
Hamilton, Feby. 4t h, 1878.-3

B Boots & Shoes,
3l8so SLIPPERS in great variety
LAMPS of the latest improvement,

Five Doors West of Gazette" Office,
In James Richardson's Store.
Hamilton, Nov. 20, 1877.

For Rent,


Comfortable and


In the Town of llamilton, now occupied
Mr. N. 0. DURHAM.
Possession given 5th January 1878.
Apply to





At the Paint Shop,
Next Cor. of Queen and Reid Street.
IHamilton, Novr. 19th, 1877.


The Dwelling House,
In Town of- Hamilton,
At present occupied. by Mrs. Louisa Bennett.
Possession given in January next.
Apply to
Hamilton, Dec. 18, 1877.

S For cn


very Desirable and
,niently Situated


S Dwelling IIOUS
In Reid Street, Hamilton, known as STONE
HAVEN," with Stables, Coach House, &c.
Apply to
January 29th, 1878.

For Rent,
Cedar Pille Cofftge,
(Near Cedar Avenue,) Hamilton.
Immediate possession given. For Particulars
apply to
Or to HENRY HALL,,,'I'T,
January 25th, 1878.

For Rent,

-Rose Cottage,
Completely furnished, with Out-
houses, Stables and Coach IHouse, convenient-
ly situated and being in the Township of St.
Georges, in its own grounds.
Immediate possession given.
Apply to
St 1 : 1Agent.
St. Georges, 12th November, 1877.


H( CommNission


Theodore Outerbrid e,

Reid Street, 'Vest of Royal Gazette" Office.
Ollice Hours-10 to 12 and I to 4.
Will Visit St. Georges, Tuesdays and Fri-
Orders Promptly Attended to.
Hamilton, October 26th, 1876.
.ProteHCliOit ag '1 ; .u F- I E
Can be oblane.1 front the
of London,
One of the longest E bl.h'l and Wealthiest
C. 0.. in Great Britain.

Through the BRANCH (Ox'iCE in these
Islands, a ....g is effected to the Insured
of the Stamp Duly, a very considerable item.
RISKS taken both on R1EAL and PERSONAL
PI'OPERUTY for 3, 6 or 12 months,
No ":.':' and no CiHARGE for Policies.

Hamilton, Soe tember 9th, 1865.

















the United States
from New York


Stea msh ips
MONTANA sails Feby. 12, at Noon.
NEVADA sails Feby. 19, at 7 a.m.
IDAIO0 sails Feby. 26, at 1 p.m.
VWYOMING sails \larch 5, at 6 a.m.
WISCONSIN sails March 12, at II a.m
The above Steamers are built expressly for
the Trade, have five watertight bulkhead-s, and
carry experienced Officers, Surgeons and Stew-
ardesses. The Saloon Accommodations are un-
surpassed by any Atlantic Steamers, and the
State Rooms are on main deck opening into the
Saloon, thus securing that great comfort in
ocean travel, perfect ventilation and light.
The U. S. Mail Steamer Canima" from Ber-
muda, Thursdays, generally arrives at New York
on Monday, and Passengers' baggage can be
transferred direct to the Liverpool Steamer sail-
ing next day.
29 Broadway, New York.
New York, Jany. 31, 1878.

W. 0, F, ASCOME,
Has Received a supply of the fol-

Put up by the well known Dentists Messrs. ( GA-
BRIEL, Ludgate Hill, London.
SE)DADENT, or Cure for Toothache
and Improving the Teeth
ROYAL DENTIFRICE, gives the Teeth a
pearl-like whiteness
Stopping decayed Teeth
remain white and firm as the Tooth itself
Mouth Wash.
Hamilton, March 26th, 1877.

8 A R D 1 HO USE,
North of Trinity Church,


DANIEL G. LANE Proprietor,

Branch Establishment, St. George.

T HE Proprietor of the above Es-
tablishment having just returned by the
"Canima" from New York, and brought with
him a number of NEW CARRIAGES and
Stylish YOUNG HORSES to add to his already
well selected Stock, begs to thank the Public of
Bermuda generally for their past Patronage and
hopes for a continuance cf the same. I
Strangers visiting the Islands are particularly
requested to call and give the above Establish-
ment a trial before going elsewhere.
1Hamilton, Sept. 19th, 1876.

The Standard of
the World.

Adapted to the4Standard of all Nations, Packed
ready for Shipping.
World's Fair, London 1851
World's Fair, New York 1853
World's Fair, Paris 1867
World's Fair, Vienna 1873
World's Fair, Santiago, (Chili) 1875
World's.Fair, Philadelphia 1876
World's Fair, Sydney, Australia, s177
The best Feeder known for Stationary, Marine,
and Locomotive Boilers, &c.,) also
Oscillating Pump Co.'s Pump.
October 16th, 1877.-6m

W. 0. F. BASCM0,- MD.,
F.A.A D. S.,

Coo0k Vanted,
By a Family in this Tow (o,
Apply at the Royal Gazette" Office,

Hamilton, Feby. 4th,'1878.

J. & E. Atkinson s

celebrated for nearly a cen'ntry past, is of the very
best English manufacture. For its purity and greal
excellence it has obtained the following
LONDON, 1862. PARIS, 1867.- COBDOVA, 187?,
LIMA, 1872. VIENNA, 1873.


N1 white Rose, Frarigipanne, Ylang Ylang, Stephano.
tis, Opopanax, Jockey Club, Ess. Bonqiet,
Trevol, Magnolia, Jasmin, Wood Vio-
And all other odours, of the finest ,lualily only.

Celebrated Eau de Cologne
is strongly recommended, being more lasting and
fragrant than the Germian kinds.

celebrated for so many years, couilnnes to be made
as heretofore.. It is strongly Perfumed, and will be
found very durable in use.

and other specialties and general articles of Perfi.
miery may be obtained of all dealers throughout the
World, and of the 'lanufacturerE,
J. & E. ATE S I ON,
CAUTION.-Messrs. J. & E. ATKINSON manu-.
facture their articles of one and the best quality
only. Purchasers are cautioned to avoid counter.
feits by observing that each aricle is labelled with
the Firm's Trade Mark, "a White Rose on a
Golden Lyre;" printed in seven colours.
April 11, 1876-12m If

Perfumes for










"Eau" of Dr.,Holtz for
TrHIS WATER is of an entirely vegetable
composition, and its use is quite inof-
Thanks to this peculiar quality which gives it
no rival, Dn. IIOLTZ'S Hair Dye has not the
disadvantage of the other preparations which
give to the hair an unnaturally vulgar color.
Guided by his medical knowledge and his
great chemical experiences, Da. HOrLTZ has
succeeded in the discovery of plants, which give
the richest balsamic dyeing and curative essen-
ces, and it is by this study that he succeeded to
compound a dye which may be styled as the
Regenerator by excellence of the ch, eedure.,
La Correspondance Parisienne,
4 Rue de la Tacherie, 4.

Garnet Seed Potatoes,
In prime Condition for Planting.
.15th January, 1878.



19 Tu
20 IWe
21 Th
22 Fri
23 Sat
24 .;,
25 Mo


ris. sets.

42 5 46
6 40 5 48
6 39 5 49
6 39 5 49
6 36 5 50
6 36 5 50
635 5 51


9 6
9 54
10 42
11 30 Mail of 5th inst.due
12 18 Lt.Q. 10bh53mp.m,
1 6 Sezagesim r. [Term
1 54 Return Day Easter

eve'ryv Tesday by DoNALO NM'PI Fr .E.E,
I' ri[eie' o the Queen' -Mumst Excellent
is d ty, t
North-west Corner of Reid and BurnjDy Streets,
where Blanks, Hami-bills, &c., will be
printed at the 10 notice.-Agent
at St. Georges io mne Royal Gazelle,
JAMES THIEs, Esqr., Post IMaster General.j

pw ., -

r --%RM 0 5 72 7-X-"N PC -M =




L: 4 '= 1 d i- .- ttfl *


Supplement to the Bermuda Royal Gazette, Hamilton, Tuesday, February 19, 1878.
- ___ II '` I__I ..... .._ I_________I__IIII______I-.. I I---------*- ---

MR. EDITrroR,-In reply to the enquiry of your cor-
respondent Parishioner," as to the prospective benefits
ofDisestablishment, I would simply state that they are
manifold, as any liberal reflecting mind will see. In
the first place, whilst clinging to the establishment, we
stand enslaved as it were and are not permitted to
make such regulations for our Church in the gathering
and disposal of funds as we might do if perfectly free to
manage our own affairs, for we must look at it as a
matter of business. How is it with the affairs of State ?
If we are competent to manage them, why are we not
competent to manage for ourselves the affairs of the
Church P In the next place, when we assume to our-
selves the burden it brings out our energies, and we
feel that the work and the duty are ours, and it pro-
duces a fraternizing spirit, and an ambition to discharge
our duties faithfully and effectually. Then comes the
significant fact that we have been thrown upon our own
resources, whilst we have not the liberty to exercise
them! The Home Government declines to give us
another Bishop, and the Colonial Government refuses
to pay the Clergy, (as manifested by the manner in
which the recent Clergy Bill was forced through the As-
sembly by dint of efforts that many who put them forth
will not do again,) and after all barely saved it Ano-
ther important advantage is that of peace with the
brethren outside of our fold, and in a small community
like this it is most desirable that Christians be at
unity. Our own churches are all built and furnished
and we need only to provide for running expenses.
The other denominations build their own Churches and
pay their running expenses too; and they have more
m en in the field than we, and we have three times as
1 Wny in our Congregations to furnish the needful !
, other point is that the recent agitation upon the
16urch Bill has prepared the minds of Churchmen
better than they ever have been, or probably ever will
be for Disestablishment, because it is evident that come
it must, sooner or later, and therefore it is desirable to
grapple with its difficulties while they are fresh before
us, and as soon as possible, and there is nothing to be
gained by delay. If we have a Synod, we can frame a
air constitution to work by that will engage the 1,earts
as well as the heads of the people, and thus develop the
means. Each Parish will not be left to itself, but we
must have a general fund and distribute it according to
the necessities of each. Let us not take for an ex-
ample as Parishioner" suggests, the feeblest, and
most inexperienced, and the smallest Church field to be
fund (the Bahamas,) but let us take a wider and more
experienced field where the voluntary system has been
tried for a hundred years, and is now in most successful
operation, the United States. It will cost no more
to support the Church when Disestablished than it does
now-the taxes will not be increased to the country-
the poor not made to suffer. It is only when compelled
to contribute our quota through the Public Chest that
we find we are able, and do it willingly, but the moment
that compulsion is released, we find we Pre unable and
are dissatisfied Now this is somewhat childish for we
will only act under the rod! If the will is present
there is The same way as ever for supplying the funds ?
We simply require to educate our will, and then we
know the way. But we have not the pluck to do this
under freedom, rather than under bondage. At any
rate let us try and emulate our brethren at home and
abroad. It may be hard at first, it is always hard to
assume responsibilities, and take upon ourselves the
burdens that others have for centuries carried for us,
but the time is near at hand when we must do the work
instead of them. We have not to raise any more money
for the same object, but to raise it our own way,
and dispose it our own way, for our own good
as a Christian Body. In our case there is not
only a principle, but a necessity involved for new
action-a change must inevitably take place, indeed has
taken ntlaee and the nuesafinn is whia. ia tio hee. wav

To the E'ditor of the Royal Gazette.
Smz,-All followers of the Bermuda Hunt will
regret to hear of the untimely end of an old friend
-the Bay Mare "Wrexham"-for a long time
their mutual Master's pride. Allowed to get loose
from the Camp stables at Warwick by an unskilful
hand after the finish there, on Thursday last, she
attempted to cross the marshy ground immediately
below the camp to the main road. Little she reek-
ed she was driving on to meet at the "Happy
Hunting Grounds !" Plunge! This kind of coun-
try is new to her. Out like a drowned rat and for-
rud again amongst the reeds and pools smilingly
enticing her on. What! down again. In and out,
in and out, in and out. Only one more plunge and
the road will be gained. With failing struggles
the gallant little mare, with repulsive Death as her
rider, rode at that last leap. That still smiling pool
lies more still, more smiling, but if ever black-
hearted treachery lurked behind a quiet face, it lay
below the surface that wild Thursday night! She
was sought for everywhere with little intermission
from the time she was lost, but it was only on Sun-
day morning that she was found. It will be a real
matter of consolation to all her friends to know
that her death must have been a speedy one.

Played at Prospect, February 7th and 8th. when the
46th Regiment won by two wickets. The excellent
bowling and batting of Private Jones contributed great-
ly to the success of his side.

1st Innings.
Lieut. Eden, b Jones 0
Lieut.-Col. Vigors. b. Jones 0
Major Openshaw, c. Jones, b.
Hollway 12
Private Collins, b. Jones 3
Lieut. Phayro, c. and b. Jones 0
Private Gorman, b. Jones 1
I Private Knowles, b. Jones 6
1 Lieut. Vincent, b. Jones 1
Private Goodacre, b. Jones 4
Private Wilson, not out 5
Private Moore, b. Jones 0
Extras 8
Total 40

2nd Innings.
b. Sullivan
run out

l.b.w., b. Sullivan 26
not out 19
b. Jones 1
c. Sub., b. Sullivan 17
c. Young, b. Sullivan 0
l.b.w.. b. Eden 12
b. Sullivan 3
b. Jones 2
b. Jones 0
Extras 12


1st Innings. 2nd Innings.
Private Baldwin. b. Eden 14 l.b.w., b. Knowles 5
Lieut. Verschoyle, c. Collins,
b. Knowles 9 b. Goodacre 5
Sergt. Cull, b. Goodacre 0 c. Moore, b. Knowles 1
Private Jones, c. Collins, b.
Goodacre 10 not out 46
Sergt. Murray, c. Phayre, b. c. Phayre, b. Good-
acre 3 acre 2
Lieut. Eden, b. Goodacre 3
Private Snell, b. Goodacre 4 b. Eden 9
Lieut. Hollway, c. Vincent,
b. Eden 0 not out 4
Lieut. Young, b. Goodacre 7 c. Openshaw, b.

Private Sullivan, b. Goodacre
Private Lane, not out


b. Knowles-
b. Knowles


taken place. and the question is, what is the best way
to meet it P Many think that Disestablishment is. Copied by special reguestfrom the Providence Journal,
After our Church has been so long established in this December 20.
Colony, each Parish supplied with its place of worship, DEATH OF REV. DR. EAMES.
and all the requisite appointments (even to burial
grounds well protected by enclosures) so that we have The news of the death oftRev. Dr. Eames, in Ber-
nothing to do but keep them in order; are we unable muds, on the 10th of December, has brought sorrow
to sustain the simple machinery in motion and pay the and anguish to many hearts. On the seventh of De-
way P I for one cannot credit it. My firm belief is, cember he left New York in the steamship Canima, to
and it is that of many others, that if we will go at it spend the winter in Bermuda, and find rest there
like true Christian men in faith, our Heavenly Father from the engrossing duties of parish life, which had
will bless so good a work, and not allow it to fail. become the more arduous from his gradually failing
In conclusion I would ask Parishioner" what are strength and health. He endured the voyage remark-
the advantages to be derived from holding on to the ably well, for him, always subject to sea sickness, and,
Establishment perfectly fettered, if we have to provide as he neared Hamilton, "the haven where he would
altogether for ourselves ? p oas he neared Hamilton, the haven where he would
GUEST. be," he dressed himself and went on deck, eager to
February 14, 1878. see the place he loved so well, and the warm friends
b he knew were waiting to greet him on the shore. He
was soon seized with violent pains in his chest, from
To the Editor of the Royal Gazette. which in a few moments, he seemed to find partial rg-
DEAn Smr,-Whenever the inhabitants of a lief, when, all at once, raised his eyes with a wistful,
healthy and peaceable country are surprised at the imploring look to his wife who was bending over him,
report of a case of Small Pox, &c., or of its being gave a short, quick gasp, which ended in three heavy
infested by a band of robbers, it is necessary that breathing, and then all was over. He had found the
an enquiry should be made, with a view to protec- rest he went to Bermuda for, but oh, in a far different
tion. We have read and heard of late, that Odd way from what he or his friends, had anticipated.
Fellows" are a dangerous set of men, being un- Over the anguish of her who had been the partner of
Christian and slanderous. Surely men that are his joys and sorrows for more than thirty-eight years
thus branded must be dangerous! Let us see thus deprived of her earthly all in a foreign land, we
whether the community is safe with Odd Fellows must draw a veil. Fortunately for her, though in a
dwelling among us. From the Odd Fellows Maga- j foreign land, Bermuda was not a strange one, as she
zine published in Manchester, England-the seat had spent two winters there, and her friends speedily
of the GrandyLodge-which has been kindly loaned gathered around her, doing all in their power for her
us-we read that" The Order of Odd Fellows is an comfort. And the clergy of the island, with whom he
Institution associated for one of the wisest and best had spent so happy a time three years ago, performed
purposes for which men can unite: 1st, It is es- all kind offices for him. Priestly hands put on him
tablished for the purpose of providing a fund for his priestly robes and laid him in his coffin, where he
the relief of its members who are travelling in looked like a marble saint, with his sweet, calm face,
search of employment. 2nd, To administer to the his white beard, his meekly folded hands, and wearing
wants of those who are afflicted by sickness or dis- the surplice in which he had so often performed the
tress. 3rd, To inter respectably their dead. 4th, last offices of the church over the dying and the dead.
To provide a competency for the widows and or- *
phans of deceased members, and the orphans in e was one of nine children, and his is the first
addition they propose to educate; and lastly to He was one of nine children, and his is the first
improve they propose to educater of its members, so death among them. Octr. 1st, 1839, he was married
improve the moral character of its members, so as to Jane Anthony, daughter of our venerable townsman
to make them good and respected citizens. Any Hezekiah Anthony. Three times he sought relief
person can be admitted into the Society without eze o ree m he sog relief
person can be admitted into the Society without from constant work in travelling abroad, and he spent
any regard to color or creed, the only barrier to the winter of 1875 in Bermuda, his loved Bdermuda"
admission being 'want of Character.' They as he always called it; and there on Wednesday even-
acknowledge GoD as the Creator and Preserver of as always called ; and there on Wednesday even-
all things; and a Theological or Political discus- ing December 12th, in Hamilton Hotel, a funeral
sion is not allowed in the lodge-room." Can such service waOs hed by Re. Mere cross James Tuof flower and
men be unchristian, or would they dare to slander ? ug, the sket were cross of flowers and
We cannot believe it. From our experience of ferns, a tribute of love and respect from devoted Ber-
Odd Fellows, their charity extends beyond their mudian friends From all parts of the island came
limited sphere. Let us look at their action during expressions of tenderest sympathy and love, and keen
the Lancashire suffering in England-how cheer- I regrets that the visit, so lovingly anticipated by all
fully the Odd Fellows gave their quota; look at who knew him, should so suddenly and so sadly be
them giving to the sufferers at Turks' Island after brought to a close. How mysterious seems the Provi-
the destructive e hurricaners at Turks' slace; look dence that he should have gone to Bermuda to meet
the destructive hurricane at that place; look at his death before his feet had once more trod its soil
them giving to several distressed families in these After the funeral service a sad oncession followed thesoil
Xelands, whose only stay-the husband and father After thefuneral service a sad procession followed the
nd h stay-the husband and father body to the "Canima" to be taken to New York. Oh,
ad met a watery grave. A medical gentleman
ad n debate in the House of Assembly (recently), what a sorrowful return for her, the bereaved wife,
dat the Odd Fellows had done considerable good who had gone out with such happy anticipations of a
in Bermuda among the poor, he having noticed a pleasant winter, her only consolation that she did not
decided improvement in their condition since the have to leaveher dear dead behind her, but could take
decided improvement in their condition since the him home to be buried among his kindred and friends.
commencement of his practice, extending over a h home thirty b ied among his kindred and friends.
period of twenty years. What harm then has Odd h Though thirty-six years in the ministry, Dr. Eares
Fellowship done to Bermuda? Have Churches, had only had three parishes (independent of the eight
families or friends been divided by it ? No Yet ar spent in missionary work): Ascension Church,
against Odd Fellows the little press groans with Wakefield ; St. Stephen's, Providence; and St. Paul's
publications of every grade; dealing out violent in- Concord, an unusual .record in these times of minis-
vectives, even the altars of a certain religious (?) trial changes. A man of the keenest, tenderest sen-
society have been desecrated by Antigdd Fellow sibilities, his sympathetic nature made him an invalu-
sermons. Who are they who are commencing this able friend in the chamber of sickness and the house
unholy crusade ? Are they Christians or Patriots ? of mourning.
No! But political demagogues and fanatics, with
more zeal than knowledge, impetuous, ambitious of TuvnK' IsLANDs.-By the J. W. Peasly, we re-
distinction, and unscrupulous respecting the means
of attaining it; it is only such spirits as these that ceived a file of the Royal Standard of the 10th inst.
would attempt to raise a whirlwind, as there can be We are sorry to notice that the stock of salt
no cause for such unwarrantable censure. at these Keys was quite exhausted, and that from
How far justified are the reports that we hear, the state of the weather none was making.
we cannot undertake to say; but this we will The weather during the past week has been change-
undertake to say, that from our experience of Odd able, at times equally, which has not improved the
allowss in Bermuda-composed as they are of the condition of our salt pans. Without fino weather
most respectable and i helligent portion of the some weeks must elapse before even a cargo of salt
colored people-our opinion of them is of too high can be gathered. Several vessels in want of fish salt
a standard to allow us to believe, even for an have been compelled to leave without cargoes. This
instant, tiat they would slander in their meetings, is to be regretted as the trade in our new industry
or conniv' at anything not strictly constitutional may be damaged by the present scarcity. We shall
and fair. We like to encourage a genteel press. take great care to record every change, favorable or
PUBLIO OPmTION. otherwise, in our salt market.-fTrkW' Island Royal
February 16, 1879 Standard, February 10.

A British Menace--War Vessels Ordered to Constan-
tinople-The Government Poley Declared--The
Supplemental Vote Carried.
LONDON, February 8-6 P. M.-In the House of
Commons this afternoon, Sir Stafford Nortbcote,
Chancellor of the Exchequer, communicated a sum.
mary of the terms of the armistice. He said they
disclose such a state of affairs that the Govern-
ment, in view of possible disturbance in Constanti-
nople, has ordered a portion of the fleet thither ;
not as a departure from neutrality, but as a pro-
tection of life and property. The Government has
notified this step totheother power., asking whether
they v ill join in the movement; it has also notified
Russia. The announcement was received with
deafening cheers.
LONDON, Feby. 8-7 P. M.-In the House of
Lords Lord Derby, Foreign Secretary, made a
statement similar to that of Sir Stafford Northcote
in the House of Commons. He said he was justi-
fied in his resignation when the fleet was first sent
to Constantinople, but he approved the present
action in consequence of the altered aspect of af-
Sir Stafford Northcote, replying to various ques-
tions, said no answer had been received to the com-
munication sent to Lord Loftus directing him to
call the attention of the Russian Government to
the Czar's assurance that the Russians would not
occupy Constantinople for military honor, but only
in case of necessity.
The Chancellor declared that the present mission
of the fleet was of a different character from that
upon which it was recently ordered to enter the
Dardanelles, though be protested against the for-
mer mission being considered an act of war. He
read from the instructions to the Admiral on the
present occasion, which are as follows:
Proceed, if possible, to-morrow afternoon with
the Alexandra, Temeraire, Ruby, Salamis and
Achilles to Constantinople, to protect the lives and
property of British subjects. Mr. Layard is re-
quested to ask the Porte to give the necessary or-
ders to the forts immediately."
The House then went into Committee on the vote'
The Marquis of Hartington said the dispatch of
the fleet to Constantinople could not be regarded as
a menace to any other power, but might be benefi-
cial both for the protection of the lives of British
subjects and as tending to calm apprehension,
which, whether well or ill-founded, undoubtedly
did exist among the people of England concerning
the Russian advance on Constantinople. In refer-
ence to the money vote, he said what would really
have strenghtened the hands of the Government
wculd have been a unanimous vote of confidence.
This however; could only have been given in re-
sponse to a full explanation of the Government's
intended policy. The statements. of the Govern-
ment have been mere generalities. Lord Harting-
ton conveyed the implication that it was his. belief
the Government did not even know their policy
themselves. He continued: Although he had
opposed the vote as long as it was possible that it
might encourage the Turks to prolong the war, he
did not feel it bis duty to continue the opposition
now. In justification of this course he pointed to
the Ministry's energetic repudiation of a desire to
involve the country in war and their expressions
of sympathy for the Christians of Turkey.
Sir Stafford Northcote expressed his satisfaction
at Lord Hartington's speech.
Ite explained the Government's policy as fol-
lows: The Government recognized the great change
which had taken place in Southeastern Europe,
and claimed a voice in the reconstruction of the
system of its government. They desired to have
the navigation of the Straits and access to the
Black Sea so regulated as to insure the perfect
freedom of commerce. They did not wish to ask
for any restrictions, and thought the question as
to the passage of men-of-war might fairly be left
for the Conference. The arrangement should
certainly be such as to render it impossible for any
power to close the Straits. They desired the vote
so that any reasonable claims ot England might
not be disregarded by the Conference, but they
had no desire to arrogate the settlement to them-
selves and repudiated a desire to cripple the de-
velopement of the Christian races.
Mr. Gladstone, while approving the declaration
as to the policy of the Government, still consider-
ed it indefinite. He did not see that it showed a
necessity for the vote.
Mr. Henry Fawcett, Liberal, censured the course
of Lord Hartington in relinquishing opposition.
Mr. Forster protested against the vote, but de-
clared he had withdrawn his amendment so as not
to inflame the excitement of the country.
The debate having terminated, the House divid-
ed, and the vote of six millions was adopted as
follows: For the vote, 328; against 124.
Prominent Liberals and leaders of the opposi-
tion, including Lord Hartington and Mr. Foster,
abstained. Mr. Gladstone voted with the minor-
The opposition hissed Lord Hartington as he
left the House.
In the House of Lords to-night Lord Derby an-
nounced that one foreign power had already ap-
plied to the Porte for a firman to permit its fleet
to enter Turkish waters.
LONDON, Feby. 8.-Official information from St-
Petersburg gives the detailed peace basis. 'They
are in substance identical with those telegraphed
in these despatches on the 3rd instant, as follows:
First-The erection of Bulgaria into a principal-
Second-A war indemnity or territory compensa-

Third-The independence of Roumania, Servia
and Montenegro, with increase of territory for each.
Fourth-Reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Fifth-An ulterior understanding between the
Sultan and the Czar regarding the Dardanelles,
Sixth -The evacuation of the Danubian fortress-
es and Erzeroum.
But, according to the above official information
there are only five conditions-the evacuation of
the fortresses being part of the armistice conditions,
not those of peace. The fifth condition also pro-
vides for the negotiation of a final treaty at either
Odessa or Sebastopol.
The summary of the terms of the armistice, com-
municated by Sir Stafford Nortbcote to the House
of Commons this afternoon, is given in a despatch
from Mr. Layard, dated February 7. According
to this the line of demarcation fixed by the armis-
tice places in Russian hands almost all of Bulgaria
and Roumania up to the lines of Constantinople and
Gallipoli. Three days' notice is to be given before
the resumption of hostilities. Another article of
the armistice stipulates that the Turks are to re-
move their arms, &c., on evacuating places within
the neutral zone which will divide the two armies.
The dispatch concludes by stating that the Turks
have commenced the withdrawal of guns from the
Constantinople lines.
Sir Stafford Northcote said it was quite evident
from this that although the Russians have not oc-
cupied the Constantinople lines they have occupied
outposts close to them, and as the lines, under the,
provisions of the armistice, are thoroughly disman-
tled, the Russians are able, after merely giving 8
days' notice, to advance upon Constantinople with.
out hindrance.
St. PzTzRSvUao, Feby. 8,-The Agenae Russe
contradicts the report that the Serviane refused
to accept the armistice and that Austria opposed
Russian occupation of the Danubian fortresses.


Romn, Feby. 7.-The Pope died at -457 o'clock
this afternoon. At 8 o'clock last night he felt a
sudden suffocation. He rallied several times, but
said to his physicians, Death wins this time."
He was alternately lucid and wandering. His last
moments were lucid. He said "Guard the Church
I loved so well and sacredly." At 11 o'clock when-
his distressed breathing was painful to witness, he
took a crucifix from under his pillow and blessed
the byestanders therewith. He afterwards, at the
request of Cardinal Bilio, blessed the Sacred Col-
lege. At 3'45 p.m., the body became livid. The
Cardinals relieved each other in praying by the
bedside. Cardinal Bilio recited the offices for the
dying, and at the commencement of the fourth office
the death-rattle ceased.
8.-The Conclave will assemble immediately at the
Vatican. Prince Chigi, Marshal of the Conclave,
has assumed his functions and given orders for the
customary walling up of the doors of communica-
tion, and the removal of persons now living on the
same floor on which the Conclave assembles. The
Cardinals have already been informed of the meet-
ing of the Conclave. The French Cardinals are
expected to reach here to-morrow, and the Austrian
and Spanish Cardinals on Sunday and Monday.
Nothing has yet been decided regarding the re-
mains lying in state. The Cardinal-Vicar's an-
nouncement of the death of the Pope says his
funeral will be celebrated at St. Peter's Cathedral,
and orders prayers for the deceased.
The congregation of Cardinals to-day heard the
late Pope's last wishes relative to the Conclave and
his funeral.
Cardinals Bilio, Pecci and Di Pietro will govern
the Church pending the election ofa Pontiff.
All the church beels in Rome are tolling.
Funeral services will be held in all the churches,
but the one at St. Peter's Cathedral is expected to
be very imposing. The remains are to be tempora-
rily deposited in the choir chapel of St. Peter's, and
finally buried in the crypt. The conclave will de-
cide whether the funeral shall be public or private.
The Pope's last act was to provide for the continu-
ance of his servants' salaries and the pensions of
their widows.
The congregation have decided that the Pope
should lie in state three days in the Sixtine Chapel
andtthree days in the Bascilica of St. Peter. The
ceremonies will last altogether nine days, after
which the Conclave will meet.
Forty-three Cardinals are now here, and ten more
have sent notice by telegraph of their intention to
come. The Ultramontane candidates for the Papa-
cy are Cardinals Luigi Bilio and Antonio Panebian-
co. The liberal candidates are Cardinals Innocente
Ferrieri and Camilla di Pietro.
As soon as the Pope died the Ambassadors to the
Vatican asked the Camerlengo to follow the ancient
usage regarding the funeral and the election of a
successor. Cardinal Pecci replied that such was
the intention of the majority of the Sacred College.
The official declaration of the physicians who
attended the Pope during his last illness is publish-
ed. It states that the immediate cause of death
was paralysis of the lungs.
The Italian Prefects and military authorities
have been ordered to pay the late Pope sovereign
hqnors, but await an ecclesiastical invitation before
attending the funeral.
,The Italic says the Congregation of Cardinals
decided only by a majority of three to hold the
Conclave in Rome. It will await for the arrival of
foreign Cardinals before taking any final resolution.
LONDON. Feby. 9.-The Standard has the follow-
ing from Rome : The Italian Court and Ministry
have notified the Cardinal Vicar that they will at-
tend the funeral if proper places are allotted them.
At Naples the Bourse Theatre and a majority of
the shops are closed.
In Spain the churches will be draped In black
for ten days.
LIsnox, Feb. 9.-The Portuguese Government,
which enjoys a right of veto in a Papal election, is
endeavoring in accord with other Catholic powers
to obtain the election of a Pope who will put an
end to the conflict between Church and State.

(From the London Lancet.)
A generous and spirited paper, entitled "Doing' the
Doctors," which appears in the World of the 5th
January, concludes with the passage we quote beholow.
It is rare to find so just and accurate a picture of the
vexations that embitter the lives and th- struggles
that ceaselessly tax the tempers and strength of prac-
ticioners, as this article presents to the reading lay
Of such inestimable value are the services render-
ed to society by the medical profession-and especially
by its leaders, who have mastered its deepest secrets,
who hold in their hands the mighty power of alleviat-
ing human suffering, upon whose wisdom and judg-
ment hang often the issues of life and death-that
they are fairly entitled to receive from the verdict of
public opinion the remedy they are so loth to claim for
themselves. Nor must it be forgotten with what in-
dustrious and praiseworthy effort all such have fought
their way up to the topmost rungs; the years of pa-
tient persevering study and concentrated thought; the
long struggle with adversity before fame came with
full hands; the constant warfare with contagious
deadly disease, in which are imperilled not only their
own valuable lives, but those of their dear ones at

home. More than one, whose name is familiar on
every tongue, has seen his family, decimated thus, or
has been brought to death's door himself again and
again, by the fell enemy he has mate it his proud
"specialty" to combat, recovering slowly to find, per-
haps, that in his enforced absence others have nearly
outstripped him in the race, and he has to begin the
world anew. It is not such men as these-the good
genii, neither more nor less, of the human race-who
should be subjected to the losses and humiliations we
have described. Their life is one long round, of con-
tinual harassing anxieties, of perpetual discomfort, of
infinite toil. They take their meals by snatches,
standing, or in their carriages as they are whirled to
and fro; their rest is constantly broken; they can
never call a single hour wholly and entirely their own.
Self-sacrificing, indefatigable, uncomplaining so
great and good is the work they do that they deserve
a reward, unstinting, cheerfully rendered; not grudg-
ingly, sparingly, tardily, or not at all. A doctor's tee
is essentially a debt of honpur : yet more, it is a debt
of gratitude, and it should pe guaranteed with all the
assurances of a solemn and irrefragable bond."

Some persons,have purchased Mansfield Island, on
Lake Erie, and will stock it with black cats, and kill
their progeny for, their fur. This is on a par with a
man in Georgia who does an extensive business in
raising dogs, tanning their hides, and selling them for
glove-making purposes.
The incomes of the leading surgeons in London
are enormous. Sir Henry Thompson performs the
operation of lithotomy ninety times a year on an
average. His fees range from 200 to 500 guineas,
and amount to about $150,000 per annum.
The following process is proposed for making
sound waves visible to the eye. A hole cut in
cardboard is filled with a film of soap in glycerine,
just thick enough to produce bands of color. This
is fastened to a tuning-fork, which is thrown into
vibration by a violin bow. The colored film is im-
mediately thrown into vibration, and vortex rings
and square bands of color are produced.


OF MERIT, Philadelphia, 1876.
THE GOLD MEDAL. Paris, 187o.
or HONOUR, Paris, 1874.
THE PRIZE MEDAL, London, 1862.
Netherlands International Exhibition, z9'6g. etc.
Patented 1862, I863, x87i, and iS75, in
Drawing- Room ORGANS,
From 8 guins, to 3oo guns.
On the Three years System.


with the Patent Perfect Check
Repeater Action.

(" I have examined Messrs.
Check Action as applied to
SIR JULES BENEDICT. their Pianos, and consider
it a most ingenious andval-
uable invention, which can-
not fail tomeetwith success."
with the P .teit Perfect Check
Repeater Action.
On the Three Years System.
I have much pleasurs in
testifying to the great excel-
lence of Messrs. JOHN
S fortes. Their"Perfect Check
SYDNEY SMITH. Repeater" produces a touch
that is absolute perfection,
and which is unsurpassed by
any other maker, native or
foreign "
with the Patent Perfect Check
Repeater Action.
On the Three Years System.
'" I have much pleasure in
testifyir g to the efficiency of
N New P. tent Check-Action
BRINLBY RICHARDS. (r Pianotcrtes), which I
consider a very Clever and
useful invention, and likely
to be extensively adopted.'
With the Patent Perfect Check Repeater Action.
"Where all the pianos go to seems somewhat of a
mystery. fbr a really good instumcnt vill last a lifetime ;
a:;d yet every year thousands are mace by each of the great
London Manufacturers, while the r.unLers n ade by the
two hundred or more smaller firms must represent an enor-
mou.i number in the course of each year. The improvements in English rianos have caused this trade rapidly to
increase, until one pianoforte manuiactory after another
"ias been built to supply the growing demand. One of thE
largest of these, lately erected by Messrs. JOHN BRINSMEAD
& Sos', of Vwigmore-street, covers nearly an acre of
:rotind in the Gratton-road, Kentish-town, and is intended
.o accomOdAte 300 workmen. These works alone can
;upply 3,000 pianos annually, and there are at least three
ntanufactories in London capable of making an equal
lumber."--Illustrated London News.
With the Patent Perfect Check Repeater Action.
Harpist to the Queen.
I have great pleasure in certifying to the fine, rich, and
,werful tone of Messrs. JOHN BRINSMEAD & SONS', Pianos,
iso to the great improvements they have succeeded in
As a Professor of the Harp, I can safely add that the
:lilow tones of their short iron Gold Medal Grands blend
harmingly with the Instrument I profess, and form a
delicious ensemble.

With the Patent Perfect Check Action Repeater.
From Professor W. KUHE.
SIt gives me the greatest pleasure to state that I con-
sider the the instrument manufactured by you to be most
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particularly admire your Pianos with the Patent Check
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wonderful improvement upon the old system ; in my
opinion your firm having been successful in creating as
good a touch to the Cottage Pianoforte as that usually
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given the greatest satisfaction to the purchasers.
With the Patent Perfect Check Repeater Action.
I have great pleasure in testifying to the excellence of
your instruments. Your newly patented system "the
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With the Patent Perfect Check Repeater Aetion.
I have much pleasure in bearing testimony to the
perfection of Messrs. J. BRINSMEAD & SON' New Piano-
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irm by which su;h important results are attained is an
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With the Patent Perfect Check Repeater Action.
lpr;m FRnEDRicK GuzT.LAUMR, Chevelier de Liguro,
E xnminer-General of the Ancient Bourbonnic Society in the
Royal Academy of Fine Arts at Naples, Honorary
Member of Musical Academies at Rome, Venice, &c.,
formally Director-General of all Military Music
for both Infantry and Cavalry of the Lina in
the Army of the Two Siciwes.
I have much pleasure in testifying to the excellence of
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with the Patent Perfect Check
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On the Three Years' Systemn
-at -
" Receive the greatest appro-
bation everywhere of musi-
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ACTIO N" Pianofortes of
every description, manufac-
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extreme climates.
With the Patent Perfect Check R.-peater Action.
May be obtained of all the principal music sellers.
Wifththe Patent Perfect Cheque Repeater Action,
From 33 gains, to 5oo00 gumins.


%* Illustrated Price Lists and Descriptions, with Opinions
of the London Press and Musical Profession, forwarded
Post Free upon application.