The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder

Material Information

The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Place of Publication:
Hamilton Bermuda
D.M. Lee
Publication Date:
Three times a week[Jan. 1910-Dec. 1920]
Weekly[ FORMER 1828-<Dec. 28, 1899>]
Semiweekly[ FORMER <Apr. 2, 1901>-Dec. 1909]
three times a week


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Hamilton (Bermuda Islands) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bermuda Islands ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Bermuda Islands -- Hamilton


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1828?
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-v. 93, no. 153 (Dec. 30, 1920).
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan. 22, 1828).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain.  The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide. 
Resource Identifier:
46887227 ( OCLC )
sn2003060500 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Bermuda gazette (Hamilton, Bermuda Islands : 1821)
Succeeded by:
Bermuda colonist
Succeeded by:
Royal gazette and colonist daily

Full Text


No. 10-Vol. III.


24s. per Ann

Immildton. Bermuda, Tuesday, .larch i1, IS 79

To the Editor of the Royal Gazette.
DEAB SIR,-It has been interesting to a quiet ob-
server like myself to watch the notices that have
appeared from time to time in your valuable]
"Gazette," of the varied eccentricities of that cele-
brated planet "Vulcan." So far as the exigencies,
of a busy life would admit, I have followed his
movements with an attentive eye, and it has been
instructive to see how, with all the aberrations that
have been noted down by your talented correspon-
dents, he has still kept in the long run to the orbit'
prescribed for him by that guiding force by which
a scientific observer can see that he is directed.
It might raise a curious question, perhaps a lit-
tle difficult to answer but one that would afford,
matter for study to both W. A. M. and Urta
Major, were they to investigate the causes which
make Vulcan so clearly visible in this part of the i
world, while letters from Europe received by a late
mail state, that though most powerful glasses have
been used, and the heavens nighly swept by them
under the most favorable auspices, he has quite es-
caped the vigilance of our friends at home-cani
this be owing to any peculiarity of the Bermudian
atmosphere P
It must however be acknowledged that out here
also it has of late been extremely difficult to catch
even a glimpse of him, especially in the usual field*
for such observations
I trust this interesting but erratic planet and his
attendant satellite have not been completely shrivel-
led up by coming into contact with some fiery I
comet. I have my misgivings on the subject, for I
was told that on one of the last occasions when he,
was visible instead of shedding the soft light gen-
erally emitted by the said satellite, the latter ap-'
peared remarkably dull, and had even one or twoi
dark marks on its surface, something like the well
known spots on the sun. It may be that our'
planet has become involved in one of the many
nibular mists that we read of as constantly floating
about in the heavens; or perhaps his brilliancy may
be darkened by the enormous quantities of meteoric
dust which the large masses he has cast off must
have shed around him.
The latter supposition seems to me to be the
more likely ever since I read the interesting notice
which appeared in an English journal towards tihe
end of January concerning a paper on meteoric -
dust which has been lately read to the Astronomical
Society by Mr. Cowper Ranyard. Let us hope
'therefore that Vulcan is only-what in ordinary ]
parlance is called-under a cloud, and will not long
remain in obscurity, but that we may soon see him:
shine forth again in his pristine brilliancy, giving
up all those erratic and unplanetary motions that;
have lately distinguished him, and that once more,
revolving quietly on his axis he will in future
steadily persevere in that circular orbit, which if I
am not misinformed is what is to be expected of a
well regulated planet.
I am, Sir,
Your obedient Servant,

The Subscriber
Has just received per "Canima" an assortment
Ti Boots & Shoes,
Ladies. Gents, Youths, and Children's sizes
which he offers for s:le at low CASH
At the same time he wishes to inform all who
are indebted to him that their Aecounts MUST !e
Settled by the 31st day of March, otherwise they
will be placed in legal hands for collection with-
out respect of persons.
Nos. 46 & 47 Front St.,
Hamilton, Bermuda.
March 3, 1879.

Valuable Real Estate
IM! in the Tow n of Hamilton, situated on
the corner of the Sixth Longitudinal
Street and Union Street of the said
Town. The Lot measures 150ft. x 50ft. The
House contains eight room, with modern im-
provements. in the best order. Terms accom-
Particulars furnished on application to
57 Front St., Hamilton.
Merch 3, 1879.-3
MARRIAGE.-What greater thing is there for two
human souls than to feel that they are joined for life,
to strengthen each other in all labour, to rest on each
other in all sorrow, to minister to each other in all
pain, to be one with each other in silent, unspeak.
able memories at the moment of the last parting.
R. A. YOUIG & CO.,

Commission Merchants,
Sales Room and Art Gallery,
85 NASSAU STRIEET, near Corner Fulton
Street, New York.
Advances made on Consignments.
Quick Sales and Prompt Returns.
Purchases made at Manufacturers' Prices and
wholesale rates, and shipped to any part.
Our facilities for making purchases are un-
surpassed, buying direct from Manufacturers and
first hands. Quotations and Estimates given on
Personal attention given to the Sale of BER1
MUDA PRODUCE. Discounts allowed when
obtained on all Purchases and Shipments.
February 3, 1879.





Flatts Vilaf ,Boarding
t lHouse.

WHITE ANI) REI). i tHIS is a very beautiful place. Is situated
-- at the junction of the roads at the Flatts,
' 1 tiE genuine Article can be obtained in A u- and is known as Palmetto Grove." l.s within,
m gust or early iu September next by apply- twenty minutes drive of Hamilton, and quite
ing to the Undersigned before ti.e 10th day of near the Walsingham Caves. It borders on the
\pril, 1879. IPerwons can also engage the same beautiful sheet of water, Iliarrington Sund, a
by applying to JOIIN B. ZUILL, Esqr., Somer- famous place for sea bathing.
set, and \UBR EY J. 110DS )ON, Esqr Ilam- The Proprietor has a Boat at hand for pleasure
ilton .exarsions on the 'sound and other waters. He
As the Subscriber sold every pound of lhid will be pleased to accommodate Lady and Gentle-
last importation, persons purchasing of him this rmen Boarders on very reasonable terms.
year can rest assured that the Seed will be JO H N T. PRNISTON,
genuine. p
A T I \ rT"n P R N1IQ T F "-Proprietor.
Ar Th'7~~DI7N1~' Nl

Flatts,/'March 3rd, 1879.-tf

R. W HAW J & C,
General Shipping and
Commission Merchants,
(P. O. Box 3709,)
52 zO2SANGE PL"41. ,3
I. W. HAYWARD, NI V W Yi, i, K.
F. D. S. NASH.
Mesprs. A. W. PEROT & CO., lDemerara,.
Hot>. S. S. INGHAM, Hamilton, Blermuda.
Jos. .M. HAYWARD, Agent I. .11. M l'kt Co.
St. George's, Bermuda.
1D. I". SEON, Hamilton, Be mnida.
September 17, 1878.-12m

I will receive andi forward


signments of

Messrs. R. W. Hayward & Co.
Mr. Nash will be with us later in the Season.
May be found at E. I. J)N.S'S.
Cor. of Reid and Queen Sts.
Ilamilton, 22nd Janu.ry, 1879.
To Farmers and Shippers of

Eirmnuba rot0 bu e.
SAVING had several years experience in this
line of business, I desire to continue in
the same during the coming Crop Season, and
respectfully solicit any consignments you may
forward to this market. I will endeavour to
realize the highest Market prices, render Sales
and Remittances promptly.
Of Hamilton, Bermuda,
will attend to receiving and in voicing all con-
signments for me, and will give all information
necessary for benefit of Shippers.
I remain, yours, &c ,
With Messrs. O','onnor & Judge,
42 & 4:3 Vesey Street,
New York.

FASTING.-Fasting is at times the best medicine,
the means of removing the incipient disease, and
restoring to the body its usual healthful sensations.
Howard and Franklin often fasted one day in the
week, and Bonaparte, when his system was unstrung,
omitted his wonted meal, and took exercise on
horseback as his only remedies.


United States Mail Steamers.


NEVADA sails March II, at 7 a.m.
WVISCONSIN sails March I, at 2 p.m.
WYOMING sails March 25, at 7 a.m.
MONTANA sails April I, at Noon.
NEVADI)A sails April 15, at 1 p.m.
WISCON.IlN sails April 22, at 6 a.m.
\VYOMING sails April 29, at II a.m.
The above Steamers are built expressly ft.r
the Trade, have five watertight bulkheads, and
carry experienced Officers, Surgeons and Stetw -
ardesses. The Saloon Accommodations are n-
surpassed by any Atlantic Steamers, and the
State Rooms are on main deck opening into the
Saloon, thus securing that great comfort in
ocean travel, perfect ventilation and light.
Smoking Room, ~Iath Room and Piano on
each Steamer.
The U.S. .Mail Steamer Canima"from Ber.
muds, Thursdays, generally arrives at New York
on .Mondays, and Passengers' baggage can he
transferred direct to the Liverpool Steamer sail-
ing next day.
29 Broadway, New York.
New York February 27, 1879.

September 3, 1878.

-Money to Loan
A ply to
('orner of Reid &. 'arliai.ent .sts.
.'eby. 17, 1879. lIanilt. n,

R. P. Atkins &
Purveyors to II. M. Army anid
Indian PAL!^ A
Specially Brewed for the Clim
Bass & Co's. A E,
Barclay & Co's. 8 TOU I'


a te,

A l01O,
Bass & Guinness in Bottle
Front St., Hamilton, Jany. 28, 1879.

For Sale,
C It l I. G E,
To Seait Four P'ersons,
Strongly built, suit:ltic for al. et Stable. New-
ly painted and believed taobe in good order,
Apply at the Royal Gazette" Office.
Hamilton, Felby. 4, 1879

Potatoes! Potatoes!
Potatoes Potatoes! Potatoes !

On Hand and to arrive,

a Prime

lot of

WablC potatnc0
Potatoes for Seed.
The above for sale Cheap to Cash customers

St. George's, Bermuda,
Oct. 26th, 1878.



J. & E. Atkinsons'

celebrated for nearly a century past, is of the very
best English manufacture. For its purity and great
excellence it has obtained the following
LONDON, 1862. PARIS, 1867. COBDOVA, 1872
LIMA, 1872. VIEKA, 1873.
Only Gold Medal for English Perfumery, Paris 1878.

ltkinson's Choice Perfumes for
\\ white Rose, Frangipanne, Ylang Ylang, otephona-
tis, Opopanax, Jockey Club, Ess. Bouquet,
Trevol, Magnolia, Jasmin, Wood Vio-
And all other odours, of the finest quality only.
Celebrated Eau de Cologne
i4 strongly recommended, being more lasting and
fragrant than the Germin kinds.
celebrated for so many years,, conunues to be nmale
as heretofore. It is strongly Perfumed, and will be
fomiid very durable in use.
and ottier specialties and general articles of I'erfu-
inery may be obtained of all dealers' throughout
World, and of the Manufacturert,
;. & E. AT zII3NS ON,
CAUTIO.N.-Messrs. J. & E. ATKINSON mann-
facture their articles of one and the best quality
only. Purchasers are cautioned to avoid counter-
feits by observing that each article is labelled watt
the Firm's Trade Mark, "a White Rose on a
Golden Lyre ;" printed in seven colours.
April 11, 1876-12nm 11

w~- ~

5 Reward!
'THIIE ubove Heward will be paid for such in-
formation as will lead to the conviction of
the Person or Persons who

A Portion of the G(uird Wall, recently built, on
the road leading from Ilamilton toward Pem-
broke Pa rish Church, neir the residence of '\Ir.
John P. James.
Colonial Surveyor.
!Iamiltor, Feby. 24th, 1879.-3
The Subscriber begs to publish
That he has just received by steamer C ania"
a fresh supply of those delicious
brands ,of
lie always has for sale.
Now is the time to enjoy a <,ood i'moke.
Call at the sign of the B H(BI CIG \It."
H. j. G R .NITH3AI,
No's 46 & 47 Front St.,
Sanilton, Bermuda.
Feby. 22, 1879.-3ins.

For Sale.



A SilT' OF
Royal Bermuda Yacht Club
early new, lately owned by MNjor liuP
1-19th 1 regiment.
arwick, March 3, 1879. -3pd.

To Let.

Fhir View Lodge,'
Possession given Ist June next.
A commodious and pleasantly situated two
story Pwelling House in Pembroke Parish, at i
Pitt's Bay, about ten minutes walk from the
Town of Hamilton, at present occupied by A. R .
For Terms, &c., apply to
Mangrove Bay, Somerset.
January 13, 1879.-ait. tf.
FRIGHTENED FOR His FATE.-W while in Algeria,
a mighty hunter went ffon a long excursion, ac-
companied by a native guide, whose face and man-
ner were not too inspiring of confidence. They had
scant luck, provisions ran short, and the guide pro-
posed to his employer a dish of boiled monkey.
"I don't know," said the European, though he was
hungry. "What does it taste like?" "It's ten-
derer than man, but not sojuicy," replied the guide.
in the most matter-of-fact manner. The European
at once broke up camp and returned homeward,
insisting on carrying his own gun, and having the
guide in front.

Hard Stone Lime.

3500 Bushels Hard Stone Wood
Burnt LIME.
For Sale by 1I. C. OUTERBRIDG K, Cause-
way Road, or 61 Front St., Hlamilton.
November 19, 1878.

F.A.A., D.S.,


T H E above W ATC H ES for both
.' Ladies and Gentlemen are kept constantly
on lund by the Undersigned: Any grade Move-
rnent not in Stock will be furnished at the
Manufactor's list price. Also, make to order
anq style of with Crest, Monogram, &c.,
Remember the American Watch Co. received
the Gold Medal at the late Paris Exhibition.
Front Street, Hamilton, 4
Dec. 16, 1878. u.o.o.

Colonial Se rvetary's Office,
24TH FEBRUARY, 1879.
TmHE following ACT3 have been passed by
the Legislature of Bermuda during the
present Session, viz. :-
No. 37-An Act to amend the Liquor License
38-An Act to provide for the custody of the
Quarantine Buildings on Nonsuch Island.
39.-An Act for the Regulation of the Post
40-An Act to provide for the Post Office Es-
By His Excellency's Command,
3 Colonial Secretary.


give notice that a supply of TOBACCO
SEED of the finest kinds procurable in Cuba
has just been received from Havanah, and will
be distributed to all persons desirous of culti-
vating Tobacco in this Colony.
The Board trusts that as many persons as
possible may try the experiment of Tobacco
cultivation, as fine Tobacco such as is likely to
be produced from the seed now procured, sells
at a very high price, and its cultivation if it
succeeded would prove highly remunerative.
The experiment need not be tried on a large scale
in any one spot. Every one who can spare a
few roods of Land might make a sufficient
Packets of Seed may be had on application at
GES, at R. TYNES, DEVONSHIRE, and at the OF-
It is hoped that early application will be made
for this seed, as the sowings must be made du-
ring the present or next month if it is desired to
secure a crop during the present year.
Feby. 9th, 1879.


tern terminus of the Causeway now un-
dergoing certain REPAIRS and ALTERATI-
The Public is hereby notified that from and
after the 6th instant, and until further notice,
a portion of the Bridge will be taken up and
the Carriage way reduced in width to about
nihe feet, or thereabouts.
Persons travelling on the Causeway Road
are again requested to drive slowly over this
Colonial Surveyor.
Hamilton, 3rd August, 1878.


A3SO7T 2,5CC 3MZT7
The Property of the WAR DEPARTMENT.
The above will be disposed of in lots of 100
each. Tenders for which, and all information
can be obtained, on application at the COMMIs-
SARIAT OFFICE, between the hours of 10 a. m.
and 2 p.m., daily.
District Corny. Genl.
Feby. 10th, 1879.




&0., &c.,

East Broadway, Hamilton

The subscriber would call the attention of
the public to the fact that he has continually
advanced in the improvement of his manufac-
ture, as the gradual increase of his trade will
testify. He has now perfected arrangements
whereby he can manufacture equal if not su-
perior to any of the kind in the larger cities of
the United States or Europe, and respectfully
solicits a continuance of the patronage hereto-
fore so liberally bestowed.
WJ*'All orders promptly attended to and delivered
in any part of the Island free of charge.



ixiial Vol


VATIONS taken under the direction of the Principal
Medical Officer, Prospect, Bermuda. Above the sea
151 feet.

Wind Temperature previous
9a.m. 24 hours.


Mar. 3


.--~ 0

0 0
64-6 58-2
64-9 54-4
66-7 54-6
64-9 56-4
66-5 50-8
58-3 53-2
62-5 51-8


Flataillovu, MVarch I,1,1






Total 0-57


March 5-Barkentine Bessie, Date, London ; goods foi
merchants.-Agents, N. T. Butterfield and Son.
March 6-Mail Steamer Canima, Liddicoat, New York;
109 boxes beets, 165 boxes tomatoes, 309 bIs. pota-
toes, 3 boxes small onions, 145 bags of cotton, 3801
bales cotton, 118 bundles goat skins, 1342 hides, 3
bls. rubber, 2 casks and bls. old metal.
7-S. S. Castlewood, Miller, Revel. Russia; 5020 bales
cotton, her inward cargo.
Mar. 4-Brit. Brigt. Sea-breeze, Lent, St. Thomas ;
ballast; crew sick, intermittent fever.-Agent, Jno.
S. Darrell.
Royal Mail Steamer Beta, Shaw, St. Thomas: Mails.
-Agent, J. M. Hayward.
5-Brit. Brigt. Harry Davis, Yates, Demerara ; sugar,
rum, cocoanuts.-Agent, Jno. S. Darrell.
Brit. Ship Britannia, hamilton, New York ; in dis-
tress ; corn, flour, &c.-Agents, W. C. Hyland & Co.
Am. Barque Wetterhorn, Skilling, Galveston ; in dis-
tress ; cotton and bone dust.-Agents, W. C. Hy-
land & Co.
Am. Tern Schooner, Marcias S. Lewis, Rash. San Li-
mo, Africa; in distress; 60 tons salt, 11,712 hides,
987 culls, 12 diver skins, 7 tons horns, horses tails,
lead, ivory, hippotamus teeth and one live antelope.-
Agent, Jno. S. Darrell.
10-German Barque, Lucia, Graese, Cardiff; coal.-
Agents, N. T. Butterfield & Son.
Mar. 4-Brigt. Sea-breeze, Lent, Nova- Scotia.
5-Brigt. Fortuna, Hawes, Halifax.
Royal Mail Steamer Beta, Shaw, Halifax; Mails.
In the Royal Mail Steamer Beta, on 5th inst., from
St. Thomas, Miss Anna Berger.
In the Mail Steamer Canima on Thursday last for
New York :-Rev. E. H. Goodwin, B.A., Military
Chaplain, Mrs. Goodwin son and servant, Mr. and Mrs.
G. Done and 2 children, Messrs. W. J. Francis, John
Kelly, 0. Larsen, M. A. Swazze, H. Cash.
Ship Brittania, 1342 tons, Cap. Hamilton, from
New York bound to London, out 15 days, arrived at
Five fathom Hole, on the 6th inst., in distress, having
encountered a hurricane on the 21st ulto. in which she
was struck by a sea which shifted the cargo and threw
the ship on her beam ends, swept the deck of every-
tuing, carrying away the bulwarks, staunchions and
chainplates on the starboard side; filling the cabin
with water; blew away most of the sails out of the
gaskets, and caused the ship to make considerable
water both in the between decks and lower hold. After
laying four days on her beam ends, in an unmanage-
able state the weather moderated, so that the hatches
could be opened and about 100 tons of cargo was thrown
overboard ; the ship then righted, and the mainmast
was secured by chains taken round and under the bot-
tom of the vessel.
The B. is a first class iron ship and called off these
Islands for provisions about six weeks ago on a voyage
from Calcutta to New York.-Agents, W. C. Hyland
& Co.
The Am. Bark Wetterhorn, 700 tons, Capt. Skill-
ings. from Galveston bound to London, arrived at St.
Georges on the 7th inst., in distress ; having encoun-
tered the hurricane of the 21st ulto., which caused the
vessel to spring a leak and threw her on her beam ends,
from which she only partially righted. The W. had
six feet of water in the hold at one time. Will have
to discharge cargo to make repairs.-Agents, W. C.
Hyland & Co.

H. M. S. Atalanta, training ship for Ordinary Sea-
men, Capt. Sterling, left on Wednesday last for Eng-

BERMUDA PRODUCE.-In a copy of the Boston
Sunday Herald of the 23rd February, kindly handed
us, under the heading Curiosities of the Market'
we find the following :-
BERMUDA PRODUCE. Potatoes and tomatoes
have already been received from Bermuda. It is
said crops are very bountiful there, and the farm-
ers are a little concerned in regard to the profits of
the trade. About two hundred barrels were re-
ceived at New York last week, by steamer, and, for
the future, the receipts are expected to be very
large by every opportunity. The Bermuda Is-
'inds, it would seem, have come to be a regular
market garden for the United States, and that is a
very good use to make of them. The wrecking
business and the supply of ships in stress of wea-
ther is generally a pretty large source of profit to
the islanders, and is understood to have been so the
past year."

L; W. Butler........................ New York.
Thomas Proctor................Gloucester, Mass.
C. J. Hubbett and wife...............New York.
A J. Tait................... .... ..... M ontreal.
Mrs. Eames.....................Concord, N. IH,
Mrs. Gove .................... "
Miss Gove .. .... ............... "
Mrs. Archer, child and maid.......... Barbados.
J. F. Russell and wife ............... New York.
Dr. and Mrs. Du Bois................
C. J. Du Bois ..... ............... "
Miss Du Bois ..................... "
-J. P. Robertson and wife ............ "
H Derby.............. ................Boston.
Mrs. Buckley........................ NewYork.
Miss Young........................ "
J. Young.......... .... *..o...... .. .
J.J. Jay and wife.................... "
M iss C.' Jay......... ................ "..
Miss Alice Jay..................... "
Miss Sarah Jay....................... "
Mrs. M. M. Edwards ................ "

M rs. Delafield.......................
M iss Delafield....................... "
Mrs. M. H. Bartlett............ Cambridge, Mass.
E. L. Lewis. ...:..................... New York.
Mrs. Charleg Phelps................... "
Master Louis Phelps.................. "
Miss Godwin and maid............... "
J. S. Simonds........................ "
J. W Nelson.......................... Virginia.
H. K. Dean......................... New York.
L. H W ellard....................... "
J. M. Harris, Jr. .................. Philadelphia.
Mrs G. W. Harris................. "
Miss S. M. Harris................. ."
P. J. O'Neill.......................New York,
E. H. Fenn....... .......... .. Hartford, Conn.
F, W. Russell. ................. "9

F2rom thent Wcsi Idiu .ad emsera au.

The Royal Mail Steamer Beta, Captain Shaw, ar-
rived on Tuesday last from St. Thomas. She left
on the following day for Halifax.
By the Beta we received exchange files from Dem-
erara, Trinidad, Barbados, St. Christophers, St.
Vincent and Jamaica, but none from St. Thomas.
The riots at St.Vincent have been quelled, unhap-
pily not without bloodshed. It seems that, like the
bamboula dance, for which the blacks in some of the
other islands used to entertain such a passion, the
blacks of St. Vincent rejoice in an equally repulsive
indecency in masquerade garb during the week of
St. Valentine. Strict orders were this year given
to repress the custom, and the police, in endeavor-
ing to do so were resisted, stoned and driven back
to their barracks, the mob threatening to burn down
th town.

Antigua opened an Emigration agency in Bar-
bados in September 1878, offering a bounty of $8
a head, free passage, house and land ; but finding
the people lured southward by the great wage-va-
lues of Demerara, was obliged to close the agency
after a short trial.

We have authority for saying that W. A. MOUNT
Esqr., of H. M. Naval Yard, has once more kindly
undertaken to Lecture on behalf of the Young Men's
Christian Association at St. George's. His subject
this time being the SOLAR SYSTEM. Various models
and drawings, with which the Lecturer intends to
illustrate his subject, have already reached the rooms
of the Association.
We hope the kindness and public spirit display-
ed by Mr. Mount will be duly reciprocated.

At the annual meeting of the members of the St.
George's Young Men's Christian Association, held
on Monday evening tho 3rrd instant, the following
members were elected to office for the ensuing

W. C. Hyland, President.
Albert Inglis, Vice-President.
W. James Boyle, Secretary.
E. W. Wolff, Treasurer,
J. M. Hayward, }
W. D. Fox, I
G. D. Boyle,
C. S. Bourne, Co
Jos. J. Smith, I
C. Wm. McCallan, )


On Sunday last, a little after 1 o'clock, p.m., a man
named Patrick Daniels. a native of Ireland, was discov-
ered hanging by a worsted comforter, placed over the top
of a door in the house he had occupied quite dead.
The decessed was a discharged Artillery-man. He
was employed in the Ordnance Civil Dept., in Ireland
Island as an Ordnance laborer, for the last 17 vears.-
He had 1 tely i .I'. 1I from severe attacks of sickness,
invariably followed by deep mental depression. His
habits were unsocial and he led a solitary lonely life,
which induced mental derangement. An Inquisition
was held at Lodge Point, on view of the body before
Charles C. Kean-, Esqr., Coroner, when a verdict that
the deceased had hange himself in afit of insanity, was

Benjamin and his forces Hiding in the Woods--Cana
Triumphs-Another Outbreak Feared.
CAPE HAYTI, Feby. 13.-For the past week the
citizens of this place have been in a fearful state
of excitement and alarm caused by the news of a
fresh outbreak. The troops here are kept under
arms day and night, ready for active service at a
moment's notice, while all the volunteers are forced
to take up arms and do patrol duty at night. Sal-
trou, San Michel and La Roche have surrendered
to the Government forces. Boisrond Canal re-
ceived personally the submission of San Michel.
Morency and all his accomplices are hiding in the
General Mentor Nicholas tendered his resigna-
tion to the President, but it was not accepted,
President Canal saying that he could not allow
him to resign at such a critical moment, as his ser-
vices were much needed--though he would have
no objection to his retiring from service a little
later. The President has taken Nicholas to the
capital with him, and his (Nicholas') family has
taken refuge in the British Consulate for reasons
very serious-the principal being that he is sus-
pected of being foremast in stirring up a revolt for
his own account-and no one yet knows what is in
Etore for him.
To-day Hayti is divided into a number of small
parties and although they do sometimes unite, yet
the chiefs do not lose sight of their own personal
views-these being generally the attainment of a
government position in which they can by all man-
ner of use and abuse of the power in their hands
acquire a fortune in a short time.
In a proclamation issued by the government two
days since all citizens are requested to be in their
houses before seven o'clock in the evening, as the
authorities cannot be responsible for the lives of
persons traversing the streets after that hour.

From the New York Coal Trade Journal, Feby. 26.

The increased demand for iron and the manu-
factures thereof will make an increased enquiry for
coal. In this connection we present to the consid-
eration of our readers, the following report on the
condition of the iron trade in Pennsylvania:-
The demand has increased so much that produ-
cers say they could sell fivetons for every one which
they are turning out. All the rail mills in the
State are full of orders, while structural iron is in
such demand that many of the larger mills are en-
gaging other mills to fill their orders. The demand
for steel rails has induced the makers to take a
more independent stand than they have occupied
for some time, and this of itself has a tendency to
maintain and push present prices. Most of the
mills in the State already have their production
sold for many months ahead. One of the mills in
the State has had to decline nearly 20,000 tons dur-
ing the last few days,, although prices would have
been satisfactory hbd they been able to execute bthe
order. Orders are in the market for s veral thous-
ands of iron rails. The Thomas Iron Company
have sold one-third of their yearly product, while
the Crane Iron Company are so well sold up that
they decline further business, except on the basis
of $18 for No. 1. In structural iron a contract for
250 tons of beams has been received by a firm in
this city, and the same house has been awarded a
contract for 1,000 tons of plates and shapes for
Baltimore. Inquires are numerous for all descrip-
tions, and it is anticipated that the demand will be
fully equal to the capacity of the mills during the
summer months. Large sales of sbhaet iron for im-
mediate delivery are being made. The demand for
bar iron is very strong, and dealers anticipate that
higher prices will shortly prevail. An order for
3,000 cars for the Central Railhoad of New Jersey
has been given out during the past week to differ-
ent firms, and this, in connection with orders pre-
viously on hand, has brought a large demand for
bars, axles, etc. One of the largest machine tool
establishments in the city is authority for t he state-
ment that the demand for heavy machinery is
greater than for several years past."

Siberia is to have a University. It will be found-
ed in the town of Tomsk. The donations received
toward this object amount to 430,000 roubles (about
8 to the sterling). It is suggested that 1882, be-
ing the third centennary ol the Russian possession
of the country, would be a fit date for the open-

[The following Letter, written by a Gentleman
of much experience both as a grower and a shipper
of produce, is deserving of the serious consideration
of every one interested in the welfare of the Colony.
Let the shipper, as is strongly urged, be mindful
of what he purchases and ship nothing that he
has not examined or has not the growers or some
other responsible person's name or mark thereon.]
-Ed. R. G.

To the Editor of the Royal Gazette.
DEAR MR. LEE,-As the time is drawing very
near when all of our Farmers will be hard at work
packing potatoes, onions and tomatoes, for the
New York Market, I think it will be no harm, and
may be a great benefit, if I call the attention of
every one, no matter how small his crop may be,
to one or two things that, if well heeded, may be
the means of bringing several thousand dollars into
the Colony. The first, and most essential by far, is
for every one to make up his mind, before he begins
the work of reaping o7 solitary box of produce, to
put up nothing for sale, or shipment, except in the
best possible condition, no matter what price he
may be receiving; do not let any one take a package
to market, that he would be ashamed to have opened
before every shipper in Hamilton.
There is no doubt but that the quality of our pro-
duce, of late years, has been very inferior to
what it should be, and as every one knows an
attempt was made by the Assembly to remedy it
by passing an Inspection Bill during the last Ses-
sion, and although they appeared to try their best,
to put the Bill in such shape that it would have the
desired effect of checking Fraud without damage
or inconvenience to the honest packer, the Council
so far from agreeing with them, did not think it
even worthy, of being amended at their hands.
Now, let the people of Bermuda come forward to
a man, and let every one see that an Inspector is not
wanted by making a rule at the start, to put up
nothing whatever, for the New York Market, except
it is in such condition, that no one can find fault
with and such as they themselves would be willing to
buy. I would'like to know if there is one person
in the Island, who, on finding, a particular brand of
flour, or any other article, he may purchase, in poor
condition, and generally unreliable, if he would not
drop it, and try another; that is exactly the way
with our produce, particularly tomatoes, which are
only a luxury, and can only realise fair prices,
when in prime order.
The next great point is, to avoid distributing, our
shipments, to too many dealers in the Market. I con-
sider myself, that five or six receivers, in New York
would be ample, and I would like to confine it to
four of the largest and most responsible dealers;
men who have ample means, and large outlets, for
their consignments. I have been informed, that
last season there was about 20 receivers of our pro-
duce, in New York, and some of them, had, at times
to sell their consignments, at a sacrifice, to realize
means to pay the freight and duty. If that, only
injured, the parties concerned, it would be all right
but as soon as they reduce the price of Potatoes 50
cents, and Onions 25 cents, and Tomatoes 5 or 10
cents, every one of the other holders, has to come
down, and those figures will make a great differ-
ence on one cargo, and what must it make during
a whole season ; now this is the difference it would
have made last season-on the whole crop $70,917.
The Tomatoe crop last season averaged. one shilling
per box, and there can be no doubt, that although it
was an unusual bad season, for our produce, that
this was owing a great deal, to the poor quality, of
the tomatoes sent on from here. We shipped last
season, 10,000 b1s. Potatoes, 20,000 boxes Onions,
and 30,000 boxes Tomatoes-more than in 1874, and
in 1875, the entire crop realized 25,000 more than
in 1878, but it is only too evident, last season that
our produce, instead of being better every, season,
had gone back most lamentably, in quality since
I wish very much, that every one, who has even
one quarter of an acre under cultivation, would, or
could, read this, and ponder on it; and then unite
for one season, and confine the shipments, to a very
small radius of receivers in New York, and watch
the result. I have no doubt whatever, but it would
make a difference, of between 10 and 20 per cent
on the season's work, over and above what we will
receive, if we go on in the same old groove.
One word more of advice to my fellow labourers
before I close; it is this--do not let the result of
the last season, frighten you into giving away your
crops before the season opens; but stick out for a
fair paying price, to thelast, as you can always come
down, when there is no chance of going up, and
after such a season as the last, if there is any change
at all, it must be for the better; and also remem-
ber, that a great many, have to put themselves
straight with their last year's work, and also pay
their expenses for this season.
Very truly yours,

The following is an extract from the report of
Sir Joseph Hooker, Royal Kew Gardens, for the
past year:-" The history of the development of the
tobacco industry in Jamaica appears to me to be so
instructive as to what may be done by enterprise
and energy in developing new sources of wealth in
our colonies that I may, I trust, be excused for once
more reverting to a subject treated of in former re-
ports and placing on record some information most
kindly supplied to me by his Excellency Sir An-
thony Musgrave, Governor of the island. He
writes:-' You will see from the statements of ex-

ports that from nothing before 1871 the values of
tobacco and cigars sent out amounted to nearly
5,000 in 1876-1877. But this represents but a
small portion of the production, because our own
consumption is now supplied from domestic sources.
I am a smoker myself in moderation, and I do not
wish for better cigars than I get here. The manu-
facture I think particularly good.' I quote the
!following passages from a memorandum furnished
to the Governor'by Mr. Weitzman, who is inter-
ested in the cultivation :-' The results obtained by
the different planters are, as is well known and ad-
mitted, even by Cubans not interested in this un-
dertaking, of the greatest importance, and have
proved beyond a doubt that our produce is one
worth attention, and one which will stand compe-
tition with that of other countries, the reputation of
which has been established long before. As the
result of my journey to England and Germany last
year, I may mention that in the Hamburg market,
the most considerable in the world for tobacco, I
found that our produce stood next in rank to the
Havannah tobacco, to which it was pronounced in-
ferior, but superior to all other kinds, even not ex-
cepting those from other parts of Cuba, such as St.
Jago, Manzanilla, Yara, &c., which furnish such a
very considerable quantity to the consumption at
home. As for the outlet and sale of our
produce, every one interested has found that the
German market., especially that of Hamburg, has
given it the best reception and greatest encourage-
ment. Our tobacco is readily sold there, and,
though the first hands may buy it as Jamaica, the
consumer, in most cases, will not know better than
that it is Cuban or even Havainah. Ja-
imaica has shown that it can produce a tobacco
which has proved itself worthy of being introduced
as a new article of industry, and, considering the
short time which has elapsed since it was first es-
tablished as such, we have gained a by no means
small success. Whatever faults there may exist
about the different branches, there are none which
time cannot overcome.' "-From Times" of 31st
January, 1879.

'To the Aditor of the Royal Gazette.
OLYMPus, 9th March, 1879-
DEAR MR. EDITOR,-Will you oblige me by pub-
lishing the enclosed letter to Minerva, as she has
gone away from Oly,:.p on a long tour of school-
inspection and has left no address; but she always
reads your paper.
Your's benignly,
My Dear Minerva,-The letter from you which
appeared in the Bermuda Gazette was like your-
self very proper and dignified, and I trust the
young ladies of Bermuda may profit by it. I have
seldom read a feebler attempt at retort than that
made by Tally Heo in last week's Gazette; and as
the ignorant creature does not seem to know who
you are, I think it is time for me to interpose. You
will remember, my dear, that you said he seemed
to have found his way into society considerably
above his proper sphere, to which he replies that he
regrets you are so far removed from his circle, but
he hopes you may before long "come up" to join a
his delightful "party."
This may be considered smart repartee among
his "party," but any dullard can take in that it
is hardly conclusive to reply you're another" when
he is taxed with being a parvenu.
Perhaps, however, we ought not to expect a per-
son of his class to show more aptitude for repartee
than for writing English.
Gushing as any young lady fresh from school,
and vain as any peacock, the nice" thing said to
him have clearly been t-) much for his weak head,
and he now fondly fancies that all the ladies of Ber-
muda worship his top-boots.
He has evidently never heard of you before, my
dear, for remarks innocently, what a nice name
Minerva is" !--This must have been riling, my
dear, for one would have thought that in these days
of classics-made-easy, even the illiterate classes
might know that you preside over education.
Poor Mrs. Tally Ho is certainly to be pitied.
Jupiter has, as you know, sometimes given me
cause for anxiety, but he never had the bad taste
to brag of his little adventures. What can you ex-
pect, however, my dear, when foolish mortals get
married without first consulting me That wretch-
ed business of Paris and Helen might have been
prevented, if the silly boy had listened to me in-
stead of to that artful minx Venus.
It is sad to think of the fate of poor Arabella if
she succeeds in dreaming of Tally Ho, and his
heavy jokes. Ordinary nightmare would be no-
thing to it.
But, my dear, you must not be too hard on the
girls of Bermuda. Girls will be girls, and you were
young once my dear, though it is certainly so long
ago that you may have forgotten about it, especi-
ally as you were "quite grown up" when you were
For my part I should be very sorry if Bermuda
contained nothing but prudes.
"Maids who sit with upturned eyes
Singing psalms and heaving sighs"
are not much to my taste.
I do not of course approve of well educated
young ladies, like Alice and Georgiana, writing to
the papers about such a low person as Tally Ho;
but a little flirtation among well-bred people, even
when it includes "making eyes," does no great
harm, provided that it is not carried too far with-
out serious intentions, and that I am consulted be-
fore anything definite is arranged.
They ca'nt all be as strong-minded as you, my
dear, and as to wrangling, I think I can remember
the time when you could speak your mind.
No doubt you are quite right in regretting that
this poor thing, who calls himself Tally Ho, (but
whose soft nature would be better described by the
soubriquet "Tallow-wax") should be pushed into
a position where he can air his childish vanity.-
All sensible girls will however soon tire of his
empty talk, and he will sink to his proper level.
If he has any glimmering of intelligence, he will
do well to refrain from weak attempts at wit, and
confine himself to describing his hunts for bits of
paper in the longest words which he can spell cor-
rectly, omitting vulgar puns on names.
Those who like to see the latest thing in mock
sport can then gratify their curiosity, and we shall
be relieved from the duty of reproving twaddle.
Your's Sympathizingly,
THE PAPAW.-The Demerara Royal Gazette
of 23rd January has the following letter, addressed
to the Editor by Mr. A. S Monro, and headed,
' More about the Papaw.'an ea ,
DEAR SIR,-In your issue of Tuesday last, 21st
inst., there is an article on the Papaw taken from
the Pharmaceutical Journal, which says that "the
most interesting l important property attributed
to it, however, is the power of its juice to render
bad (query ? hard, tough) flesh tender." As there
is much more known among the natives of British
Guiana about the Papaw tree than is likely to be
ascertained in a hurry by experimentalists, I shall
just state a few facts shewing its enormous power.
(1). Take the healthiest horse and tie him to a
papaw tree, no matter what the length of the rope,
and be rapidly loses his health; his power soon
fails; if a stud horse he is rendered useless.
The evil shews itself outwardly by inelastic in-
dentations remaining on any spot where pressure
is applied on the body of the animal. One of the
trees adjoining a large stable will render all the
horses unhealthy. Its action on other animals, as
far as I am informed, is precisely similar.
(2). It softens steel. The old mechanics (before

tempering by the forge was so well understood in
this colony) used to drive their brittle chisels and
plane-irons into the Papaw tree; and after a day
or two extracted them and found them to answer
all the purposes of their calling.
(3). With regard to tough meat, it is only neces-
sary to wrap up your meat, of whatever kind, in a
leaf of this tree for a few minutes. Or if the tree
is near and the leaves high up, as is sometimes the
case, drive a nail into the tree and hang up your
meat for a few minutes. As an article of commerce
under this particular head, the juice would be the
only exportable part.
(4). Children shew a great partiality towards the
seeds of the ripe fruit. It is an excellent vermifuge.
All the seeds contained in an ordinary sized fruit,
if perfectly ripe and soft, will not harm a child four
or five years old. Its anthelmintic properties are

more rapid in their effects if the fruit, instead of
being plucked to ripen in the house, is left to ripen
on the tree.

Prof. Flower, in a late lecture on the native races
of the Pacific Ocean, puts out the opinion that the
Australians, the Melanesians, the Maories, and most
of the Polynesians will soon have followed the Tas-
manians. Hence, there is no time to lose in gath-
ering every fragment of knowledge that can still be
saved of their language, customs, social policy, and
arts. The Prof. has been too hasty in his con-
clusion. The Maories promise to hold out for a
century at least, the larger Melanesian islands are
found to be extremely populous, and the nations in
northern Australia, though not numerous, are a
stalwart, healthy people not shewing any sign of
decline as yet, tis thought. We mean those of the
Northern Territory of S. Australia and the tribes
of the N. W. coast. It is yet to be seen if the in-
cursion of new races endowed with the habits and
arts of civilisation, will have its usual mysterious
consequence on the latter tribes.
A man should never be ashamed to own he has
been in the wrong, which is but saying in other
words, that he is wiser to-day than he was yester-

To the Editor of the Royal Gazette.
DEAR SIR,-In the year 1853 I was in the very
midst of the Epidemic Fever that prevailed here;
day after day and week after week I was in con-
stant and close attendance to my duty from the
month of August until it abated, within a few
yards of some of the worst and fatal cases; never
having time to leave my office except to breakfast
and to lunch, the cries and groans of the sick and
dying was heart-sickening. It is not my intention
to give a description of these horrors, but simply to
mention a few facts to show how very necessary it
is that every precaution should be taken to prevent
its introduction.
On one of the Forts where a sentry had to be
posted, it was observed that one after another, al-
though they were to all appearance in good health
when they went on the post, they were attacked in
a short time with fever. No pains were spared
and no precaution left undone to keep every place,
likely to produce infection, clean; it was by the
merest chance, I, one morning, discovered the
cause; it was want of attention to one of the sew-
ers in part. This is on record, for I recorded it;
this was in 1853. I know of a case, saw it,
where a volunteer nurse, in robust health, was sent
only once for bread; the place he went to was said to
be infected; in two or three days he was buried.
I was sent out to Grassy Bay in the Steamer Night
Hawk, one of the Blockade Runners, during the
war between the Northern and Southern States, I
was to look after the interest of the Revenue.
The Steamer went along-side of a Bark to coal. I
saw and conversed with the Capt. and I remember
his telling me he was writing to his wife; had
written that Fever was raging here, but that he
was out of the way of it. I stopped on board his
ship all night, the next morning he was complain-
ing; in a few days he was a corpse. This man
had been on shore only a short time at St. George's.
I am no alarmest, but there can be no harm in tak-
ing every precaution to prevent the introduction
of this or any other disease.
We hear of Fever at St. Thomas, some papers
call it influenza : "what has generally preceded
yellow fever here ?" I was glad to see that His Ex-
cellency had issued a Proclamation, making St.
Thomas an infected Port.
Those who read must have heard of the ravages
fever has lately been making in the Southern
States of America. Now there are two Steamers
from which cotton has been landed from the South-
ern States, 'not from infected Ports,' so says report i
but who can say where the cotton was grown and
packed in bales ? Is it likely it was all grown in
one place ? May not the place where some of it was
grown have been infected ? Will its being immersed
in salt-water destroy the infection ? Certain clothes
that I know of, when taken out on the North Side
and sank in deep water; they subsequently broke
adrift, and came ashore at St. David's Island.
Soon after some boys, report says, who handled
them whilst bathing, were taken with fever.
I believe that it is in the power of the Vestries
of each Parish to constitute themselves a Board of
Health. The summer is fast approaching: it will
be too late or dangerous to remove sources of in-
fection in the hot weather. Every fever that has
occurred for 30 some years, it has been my lot to
be in the midst of this side St. George's Ferry, and
I believe that nothing should be left undone to pre-
serve the health of the Islands.




It is Found to be a Mfighty World System.
Observers of the heavenly bodies in directing
their glasses toward Orion-the grandest constella-
tion in our winter skies-cannot fail to be impressed
with the vast nebula which exists seemingly about
one part of the Sword. This known by astrono-
mers as the Great Nebula in Orion, is one of the
largest among the strange objects known as the ne-
bula, and certainly one of the most magnificent.
Its form, as well as its general appearance, varies
much with the power of the telescope used.
Seen through instruments of any but the highest
power it assumes a vague and indefinite outline, like
a world of luminous mist, with one part opening as
if into a huge hollow square of blackness, out of and
around which blaze certain peculiarly brilliant and
splendid suns. These are in reality infinitely nearer,
and parts, probably, of our own universe. Instru-
ments of a higher power change this appearance by
enlarging the whole mass, showing the suns to be
not inside of the black gulf, and giving to the entire
object a more definite outline-a shape not easily
comprehensible to one who has not seen it without
the aid of a diagram.
Upon this stupendous object-itself a universe,
vaster than any of which we can gain any adequate
conception, that bold interrogator of the skies, the
elder Herschel, directed the entire range of his
telescopic power, and failed to resolve it; it still ap-
peared like a world of illuminated fog, showing no
stars of its own-for the brilliant suns that at first
glance seem to belong to that body are undoubtedly
between the eye and the nebula itself, and not con-
nected with it The nebula indeed is removed from
this part of the visible universe by a distance so stu-
pendous that no effort of the mind can grasp what is
called a realizing sense" of it. And its magni-
tude, like its distance, is well calculated- to over-
whelm the mind.
What Herschel, with the best telescope then in
existence, failed to do, the superior instruments of
later times have accomplished; the Great Nebula
has been resolved. It is no longer what Herschel
thought it to be, composed of nebulous fluid, or cha-.
otic matter, but is found to be a mighty world-sys-
tem, not a constellation even, but a universe itself-
a boundless aggregation of solar systems, each with
its governing central sun; and it is some of these
central suns, not their attendant schemes of planetary
worlds, or even their grouping into constellations,
that the space-penetratingpowers of the best modern
telescopes have rendered visible to dwellers here on
our own unseen little globe.
Observed through one of the best of Alvan Clark's
refractors, or viewed in the mammoth reflector of
Lord Rosse, of Ireland, the Great Nebula assumed
an outline something like that of a vast but imperfect
pear, with streamers curving off at the stem, like the
antenna of some microscropic entomological Bspeci-
men, but luminous, and reaching off to distances in-
expressible by figures. Here, about the upper parts
of this unimaginable object, blazhemay o the bright-
est of the suns of other systems which must be im-
measurably this side of the Nebula itself.
One of these sparkling telescopic suns has been
resolved into no fewer than six suns, instead of one,
as the telescope at first revealed it. These six suns
are by astronomers believed to be revolving in a sys.
tern of their own-a sextuple system, composed of
six great solar systems-about some common centre.
Vast as this starry union must be, whether in or out
of the nebula itself, it constitutes but a minute point
in the measureless universe contained in the Great
Nebula. Its six suns, with their invisible trains of
planetary worlds, may be revolving more immediately
about the common centre around which wheels the
entire stupendous aggregation. There are signifi-
cant analogies in support of such a supposition.-Hart.
ford Times.

A motion looking toward measures to prevent
the possible introduction of the Eastern plague,
through Russian immigration, was discussed in the
Dominion Parliament Friday, Feby. 21. Sir John
A. McDonald said the Government was armed with
the necessary powers, and would exert them as far
as may be necessary.


The late Duke of Wcllinaton once said with refer-
ence to a Kaffir war, that "England could not afford to
make a little-war. A good many events have occurred
since then to prove the truth of the Duke's observa-
tion. What we always will forget is that a little war
is the seed from which a great war is sure to spring
some ay. Our contests in Africa have always grown
to larger dimensions, and even in New Zealand, where
we have had several little wars, the last was found to
be very troublesome. It is evident that we educate
our antagonists by little wars, and just now we have the
prospect of a very ugly war indeed in Zululand. It is
the old story-a block of land, and, of course, the best
block to be found. Cetywayo, the King of the Zulus,
who desired to be very friendly with us, asked that
the subject in dispute should be investigated by a
commission of inquiry, and this was done. The
Commissioners find that the greater part of the belt
of land lying on the Blood River should be returned
to the King as his territory, and we proposed to Live
it back, but with a condition. When we took over the
Transvaal Republic, the Boers, who knew what they
were about, desired to substitute the protectorate of
the British crown for that of the feeble Republic.
They had taken p session of this land and cultivated
it, and when we proposed to give it back we did so
upon the understanding that the settlers were not to
be molested, but were to be under our protection-. Cety-
wayo, savage as he is, saw through the pretext, and
declined our offer. He was very anxious to have a
British Resident at his capital, but he declined to set
apart a portion ot, his country for the residence of an
agent in which the latter was to bear rule and sway.
We have sent him an ultimatum requiring reforms in
his government, and calling upon him to disband his
army of 40,000 men. We have given him until the
11th of January to accept, and he is said to have re-
jected and to be determined to fight. In the mean-
while our General, Lord Thesiger, is not at the head
of a very powerful force, and in Natal we are out-
numbered by seven to one of the natives against Eu-
ropeans. The situation is critical and reinforcements
are on their way. It is not at all pleasant for the
British taxpayer to contemplate, for here there is
no Government to which we can charge the expenses,
as we propose to do in India. The only hope is that
Cetywayo may give in; but he may, like the Ameer,
give us the trouble to conquer his country, and then to
-govern it at our cost. What shall we gain by the
operation ?
A case of considerable interest is soon to be
argued by counsel before the authorities of the Uni-
versity of Dublin. Mr. Swift Johnson, a young
American, has gained a scholarship in Trinity Col-
lege, (the one college of the University,) but the
question has arisen whether he, being an alien, can
hold it. The Chancellor of the University is himself
a most distinguished lawyer, being Lord Cairns,
formerly himself a scholar of Trinity, now Lord
Chancellor of England, and it seems remarkable
that his decision does not settle the difficulty. The
scholarships and fellowships of Trinity College rank
very high in the scale of academic distinction, the
fellowships especially being regarded as proof of very
distinguished attainments. The senior fellowships
are of very considerable pecuniary value; far more
so than those of Oxford and Cambridge. The Pro-
vostship is, with the exception, perhaps, of that of
Trinity College, Cambridge, the greatest academic
prize in the three Kingdoms, being endowed with an I
estate of between $15,000 and $20,000 a year.
The Provost has a splendid mansion near to the col-
lege. The revenues of Trinity College are derived
from immense grants of estates confiscated in the
reign of Elizabeth. The increase of these in value
,has rendered it one of the wealthiest of societies,
but had the property been wisely administered in
limes past, the revenue derived from it would have
been thrice what it is.
An English writer commenting on the explosion
of the great gun on board the Thunderer, is inclined
to attribute the disaster to a deficiency in the
longitudinal strength of guns of that description, the
steel tube being the only tube continuous from end
to end. When a ring crack occurs in the steel tube
besides the friction of the outer coiled iron tubes and
the dovetailing which holds them together, there is
little to prevent rupture. In order to diminish the
stress on large built-up guns, he proposes that
instead of having an increasing twist toward the
muzzle the rifling should be uniform from end to end,
and, to secure additional strength, he considers it
desirable that an outer tube of wrought-iron or
gun-metal should be made to reinforce the inner
steel tube.
From the New-Orleans Picayune, February 20. 1
Mr. W. H. Jackson, a gentleman who has recently '
returned to this city from Brazil informs us that the
accounts of the ravages of famine and pestilence in
that .country are greatly exaggerated He states that
in the Province of Ceara it has not rained during the
last three and a half years, and that the consequence
is that all vegetation and everything else dried up in
the interior, and the natives had to resort to the capi-
tal for food during the months of May and June last.
When they arrived at Ceara to the number of 100,-
000, they lived in the streets for many days, and died
of starvation at the rate of 2,000 persons per month.
A month elapsed before the Brazilian Government
came to their rescue and supplied them with food,
which consisted of jerked beef and farina. This stop-
ped to a great extent the number of deaths. In re-
gard to those afflicted by the small-pox, the disease
first came to the notice of the public on the 1st of
November, when they were dying at the rate of 50

persons a day. The deaths gradually increased until
the 1st of December, when they numbered 1,000 per
day. During the month of November 8,844 died.
They were buried at Lagoa Funda, 12 corpses being
placed in a grave without using any coffins. From
the 1st of November to the 6th of December 13,865
people died. It is believed that from the famine and
drought 150,000 persons died in the year 1878. It is
reported that many of the people coming from the in-
terior ate their own children. Ceara had 250,000 in-
habitants, and almost every person there contracted
the small-pox.
The Dominion'Government have intimated to
Mr. Hic Kon, general manager of the Grand Trunk
Railway, tb1t if the Western States will take the
necessary stps to gpard against cattle disease they
will use all their influence with the British Govern-
ment to gain con ent to: shipment of cattle from
Western States through Canadian ports.
HALIFAX, Feby. 21.-A fire to-day at Summer-
side P. E. I., totally destroyed the stores of Wright
Brothers, J. G. McKenzie and J. A., Sharp, and
the dwellings of C. B. Saunders and Mrs. Tuplin.
Fears were entertained at one time that nothing
could save the town from destruction, as the wind
was very high. The storm has now considerably
HALIFAX, Feb. 21.-Severe Storm in Nova Scotia
and New Brunswick-Travel and Business Suspended.
-The heaviest,snow st6rm seen here for five years
began late last night and continued all day. A
large quantity of snow has fallen and drifts in some
places are fifteen feet high. Business is completely
suspended in the city. There have been no arriv-
als of vessels It is feared that shipping off the
coast will suffer. The post roads in all directions
are blockaded-and no mail communication is possi-
ble With any of the country towns. On the Inter.
colonial Railway the Quebec train that left Mone-
ton early this morning for Halifax is snowed in at
Aulae, near Amherst., The train that left here for
St. John is snowed in Deboil Station, Londonder-
ry. There has been no movement of trains on the

['or Benefit of Owners, Underwrit

For Benefit of Owners, Underwrit
ers, and all others concerned.

By Auction,

On Thursday next,
13th inst., At 12 o'clock, :M.,
AT- MAN1 7 S~ A.,
3 BoATS, 3 Steam WINCHES
And all other MATERIALS that have been
saved from the

,.j s. S. A7,FATO",
DIXON, Master,
Which Vessel stranded on the Reefs North
West of these Islands on 14th December
last, while on a voyage from Savan-
nah (Ga.) to Revel, Russia.
Hamilton, Bermuda, March 10, 1879.


About 1500,

To defray the expenses on the Ita-
lian Bark "CAROLIN A Z," at this Port,
hence to Queenstown for orders, the same to be
secured by a Bottomry and tiespondentia Bond.
Parties desirous of furnisl'ng the a amount
are requested to apply by letter, addressed to
the care of Messrs. WV C. IY1,LANY D & CO.,
(from whom all particulars relating to the said
Vessel and Cargo may be obtained) stating the
rate of Premium required for advancing the
St. George's, 6th Match, 1879.

A Few Barrels of Early Hose
P 0 'T A 0 E So
Hli-hest Cash Prices paid for s.rme put up in
approved shipping order-and delivered at our
Stores by SATURDAY NEXT, 15th inst.
llamilton, Bermuda, March II1, 1879.-1


all persons, who have left GOODS with
them to be sold at Auction, under limited
prices, which could not be obtained, to remove
the same within THIRTY I)AYS from date.
Any such Goods remaining in store after that
time, will he sold at Auction to the highest bid-
der, without any reserve whatever.
Hamilton, March 10, 1879.-5

For Sale,
By Recent Importations from Lon-
don and New York,
English and French CHINA
And a great variety of other articles usually
kept in such an Establishment.
26 Front Street.
Htamilton, 10th March, 1879.

Dfscomb & Frith,
C -.Wg ON -I a -ICHANTS)

'rTo above address I beg to offer my services in
facilitating shipments, &c.

March 11, 1879.-6

S Store to Let,
Neatly Fitted-Reid, near Queen
Street-at a moderate Rent.
Apply to DR. LOUGH,
March 10th, 1879.-4 3p
Borrowed a ,lt ",ri'cks
Will kindly return them, he shall be handsomely
llamilton, Ii th March, 1879.-23p

The Property of the Officers 46th

Color Brown ; eight 15'3. Age rising 7.
Quiet to ride or drive, to be Sold, the Officers
h ving no fnr other use for him.
Price 940.
Apply to MESS PRESIDEN F, 46th iegt.,
St. George's.

For Benefit of Owners, Underwriters and all

111H be Sold,
15th instant, at 12 o'clock,

Spars, Sails Rigging, Chains,
anchors, oats, c c., c.,
Of the American Schooner Addie Todd,"
Corson, Iast.'-r,
which vessel put into this port in distress on a
voyage from Annato Bay, Jamaica, bound to
New York-abandoned on Survey and Esti-
mate, and sold in accordance with instructions.
St. Georges, Bermuda, March 10, 1879.

For Benefit of Owners, Underwri-
ters and all Concerned.

Special Meeting.

ly requested to attend at the Hall, on the
i'vening of
Momnda, 11 the 71th snstalat,
for the purpose of considering some important
changes about to be made in the Constitution,
and amendment of the Laws regulating Sick
Benefits, and other important matter which may
be brought forward at the Meeting.
Rec. Secy.
Hamilton, 8th March, 1879.


Lumber, Box materiall
Or other GOODS,
Stored Under the S H E D S
on the WVharves of the Town of Hamilton, are
hereby notified that all such LUMBERI or other
GOOI)S must be REMOVED, as the room
under the Sheds will be REQUIRED FOR
PRODUCE intended for Shipment.
1memilrnn mneh R 1Qs7

o, ATT-lT.nM .

W 7 1m?,3 ff F,
March 17th, at 11 o'clock, sharp, TI N na


Of the British Barque
RITCHIE, Master,
Which Vessel put into this Port in distress on
a voyage from Philadelphia bound to Antwerp
abandoned on Survey and Estimate and sold
in accordance with instructions.
St. George's, Bermuda,
March 10, 1879.


To the Consignment of Messrs.
OE' N NT & 0 0 .,
During the Coming Crop Season.
All Shipments intrusted to our care will have
our usual good attention.
Hamilton, Bermuda, ?
March 11, 1879. 2m 3p

To Farmers and Others interest-
ed in Bermuda

The Undersigned solicits consignments to
eM essr's. &. Beigtti Co.,
During the coming Crop Season, and will for-
ward same free of charge for his services.
Prompt Sales, and Returns guaranteed.
Hamilton, March 3, 1879.-3 3p

Notice to Farmers.

TjH E Undersigned is prepared to
PURCHASE PRODUCE during the pre-
sent Season at the highest Market Rates.
Persons desirous of shipping to New York
can do so through me free of charge to



Prompt Sales returned.
Prompt Sales returned.

Cash payable in New York or Bermuda at
Shipper's option.
F. D. S. NASH,
V3 Front Street.
Hamilton, 10th March, 1879.-tf
Colonist" copy.

.E. *.:.5

SAD A wel 1i ng
vith 4 Acres of LAND, near Hamilton. Apply
S _-..1, 1 n I 7Qn 9. n m

Ton o0

-LI .':rnli oa

COMPRISING all those certain LOTS OF
LAND in the Town of Hamilton, by com-
putation equal to the number of Twenty-seven
Lots, of Fifty feet in width and One Hundred
and Fifty feet in length; bounded, Southerly,
on Lots formerly in the possession of William
White, deceased, and other Lands of the said
Town, and there measuring Three Hundred
and Fifty feet, more or less; Easterly, partly
on other Lands of the said Town, and there
measuring Three Hundred and Twenty-five
feet, more or less, and partly on a Street or
Alley of the said Town in a curvilinear course
on a base of Two Hundred and Twenty-five
feet, more or less; Northerly, on Lands for-
merly of John Stowe Wood, deceased, and
there measuring Three Hundred and Eighty
feet, more or less, and on Lands formerly of
Richard Wood, deceased, and there measuring
One Hundred feet, more or less; and Westerly,
on Lands formerly of the said Richard Wood,
and there measuring Four Hundred and Sixty
feet, more or less.
The said Premises will be sold together, or
in parcels to suit purchasers. Terms accom-
modating. Particulars furnished on applica-
tion to
51 Front Street, Hamilton.
10th March, 1879.-3 3p

r111E Public is hereby cautioned against har-
bouring or employing my son, WILLIAM
HENRY NELMES (a minor), and Masters
of Vessels against talking him off these Islands.
Hamilton Parish, 8th March, 1879.-3 pd
Colonist" copy and forward bill.



Received at the Royal Gazette" Stationery

FOLIO post PAPERI, cream-laid, plain and
blue ruled
FOOLSCAP, white .and blue, plain, ruled blue,
and for accounts
LETTER PAPER-white and blue, ruled and
NOTE PAPER-assorted colors, sizes and
qualities-ruled and plain
ENVELOPES-official, letter and note
PARCHMENT-with and without headings for
Deeds, &c.
PENS-Steel-Gillot's, Mitchell's, Waverly R.
& J.
PENS-quill and nibs
India Rubber, Ink and Pencil ERASERS
Sealing W \X
Racquet, Cricket and India Rubber BALLS
Batting GLOVES and GAUNTLETS for
Judson's DYES
INK-red, carmnae, mauve, magenta, violet,
blue and black
Programme C )RDS, PENCILS and CORD
Visiting CARD)S, Ladies and Gentlemen's,
plain and black border
Playing CARDS, a good assortment
Record BOOKS Toy BOOKS, various
Metallic BOOKS, assorted, and other Memo-
randum Books
Account BOOKS of every description
Slate PENCI LS, common and in wood
Lead PENCILS-drawing, every letter-and
blue, red, green and black
RESIN for Violins
Violin and Banjo ST RINGS
Drawing PAPER and Bristol BOARD
Drawing PINS.
&c., &., &c.
A '

A few tins o/ Richmond's
Condition P 0 WDERS.
Hamilfnn. March 11.1879.

Ho rse

Colonial Secretary's Office,
HAMILTON, 10th March, 1879.
Inland D-aily MIails.

TfENDERS are invited for the Conveyance,
- for a period of 12 Months, of the INLAND
DAILY MAILS from Hamilton to St. Geor-
ge's and from St. George's to Hamilton-i.e.,
two journeys from Hamilton to St. George's
and two journeys from St. George's to Hanim-
ilton, on all week days.
The Tenders must state the daily sum for
which the whole four journeys will be per-

Packet 1YMails.
TENDERS are invited for the Conveyance,
for a period of 12 Months, by Special Carriages
to and from St. George's and Hamilton, of all
MAILS received or despatched by Post Office
Packets or Her Majesty's Ships.
The Tender must state
(1) The amount required for each journey
performed by a Carriage drawn by two horses.
(2) The amount for each j ourney performed
by a Carriage drawn by one horse.
Tenders must be delivered at the COLONIAL
The 31st May next.
The new Contract to begin on the 1st July,
For further particulars apply at the POST
OFFICE at Hamilton or St. George.
By His Excellency's Command,
Colonial Secretary.
Commissariat Office,
HAMILTON, 7th March, 1879.
L receive TENDERS, in duplicate, up to
12 o'clock noon,
On MONDAY, the 17th
day of March, 1879,

Forms of Tender can be obtained at the
above Office daily, between the hours of 10
a.m. and 2 p.m.
1 District Commy. General.


Rv DUJF 1 ,1 OF 1.,
From the 1st March the premium on TREAS-
URY BILLS will be reduced to
A per cent premium on gold,

1 per cent

February 28, 187

Treasury Chest Officer.
79.-2 t
Colonist twice.

Picked Up,
SN this Town, on Monday Evening the 3rd
A Pair of Gold SPECTACLES,
The Owner will hear of the same on application
at this Office-who will be expected to pay for
this Advertisement and to remunerate the Find-
Hamilton, March 6, 1879,

Small 4 Cottage

For 6 Months, from November next until .Hay
Furnished, or partly so, preferred.
Address Royal Gazette" Office.
Hamilton, March llth, 1879.-1 pd

'jTHE Undersigned would be glad of a Situa-
tion as

Can do any kind of Fay Work
Can do any kind of Fancy Work

in that line,

Terms reasonable. Good references.
Letters through Post Office, Hamilton, will meet
with prompt reply,
Hamilton, March II, 1879.-tf

tW:r?'i ed fLetters.
B E Bell (Hamilton Parish), Frances Butterfield,
Lidia Ann Bean, Thomas Butterfi Id, Joao da Costa,
Samuel Philip Davis, Alice Dill, Lidia Darrell, Mrs
Dilks, W A Douglas, D Ebster, Jose Ferreira, Benj
Fobler, Manuel Machado Fastina, Matilda E Gar.
land, Mrs Hurd, Abigail Hill, Sarah Ingham, Jany
King, W C King, Richd D Lee, Rose Murray, Robt
McCarthy, Elizabeth Miles, Wm Money, John M
Morris, Mrs P Ming, Jose Iquacio Machado, Manuel
Jose Machado, Nellie Newlond, Joseph M Place',
John Pearson, Henry Purdy, Jose Silveira da Rosa,
Thos Richardson, Albert J Richardson, Mrs Richard
Robinson (Devonshire Bay), .Mrs Eliza Smith, Pene-
lope Stovel, Mrs Wm Patrick Swan, William Swan,
Peter B Smith, George Simons, Miss E swan (in
care Mr Child), Abraham Simons, Richard Steed,
George Spencer, Mr Tatem (Contractor), Mrs Cor-
nelius Talbot, Sarah Talbot, Joao do Azevedo Ter-
cheira, John B Voisey, George C White, Wild
Rose," Richard Samuel Wilkinson, Mrs J Wilson.
Post Office, Hamilton, March 10, 1879.
FICE ST. GEORGE'S, 10th March, 1879.
Adelaide Albuoy, Elizabeth Bell, Benj Butcher, O
R Burgess, John Carty, Henry Cooper, J G Donell,
David Deal (2) S S Francisco, John Hopkins, F
Hellos, Mrs A J Hodson, S A fHarro, Wm Hammond,
Geo Jennings, Mrs Johnson, Benj Lamb, A W
Minors, T S Martin, J Millett, Adriana Peniston,
Maness Smith, Capt E Redhead, Mrs Thos Rich-
ardson, Benj Richardson, Mrs S J Richardson, F S
Rhodes, J H Smith, Ann Smith, Sarah Simmonds,
Thos Simmonds, Samuel Thomas, Jas )Tyne, Wm
Tucker, Mrs E Williams, Jas Waldron, J H Wood,
C H Wihkson, Henry Watt.

" silver.




Narrow Escape of British Officers at the Battle of
Peiwar Kotal.
A special correspondent with General Robert's
column in a letter dated from Zubburdust Kila a few
days after tho battle of the Peiwar Kotal, says :-In
all the stockades which the en:.iiy had erected on the
way up the Peiwar Pass there were groups of stiffened
bodies lying on the ground, and not a few were hang-
ing half over the breastwork, as if the men had, died
from their wounds, or been bayoneted to death at the
moment when they were attempting to escape. The
white road at the top of the Spin Gawai was strewn
with dead. Every body had been stripped naked by
the Turis, who had occasionally varied their horrible
work by mutilating the slain with their terrible
charah, or knives. Hanging round the necks of some
of the bodies I observed simple charms-perhaps a
coin. perhaps a bit of silk twisted with gold. Up the
hill leading to the Peiwar ridge numerous bodies
were lying at the foot of the cedars and pines. The
forest on the ridge is one of peculiar solemnity.
There is an absence of animal life which accords
well with the melancholyof the scene. The twitter-
ing of a bird, or the scrambling of a jackal over the
crackling dead wood, would be a relief in such a
place. Here it was where the naked slain were ly-
ing scattered. In one of the stockades there were
upwards of 50 bodies lying heaped together, and on
the bare road of the Spin Gawai and among the
woods on the Peiwar range I counted at least another
hundred. There to the lef6 and in front was the
second stockade, where some exceptionally severe
fighting took place, and where many of our officers
and men had wonderful escapes with their lives.
Captain Woodthorpe, R E., whose surveying opera.
tions have been indefatigable, had an escape which
he will long remember. After the first stockade
was carried he had gone on towards where the Gen-
eral was. He was sent back again to make some ex-
amination of the road. He saw a number of men in
the stockade, but, thinking they were our own men,
he jumped confidently in among them. They
proved, however, to be a portion of the enemy who
had re-entered the stockade after we had taken it
and passed onwards to the other stockades. When
he discovered his serious mistake he jumped back
again and ran under a volley of musketry. One of
the bullets struck the butt end of his pistol, knocking
the weapon to pieces, and then ran round his back,
tore up his pocketbook, and*passed out through his
coat in front. His back was seared as if a hot iron
had been passed over it; but this was all the injury
he received, notwithstanding that he was followed
byshots until he was well back at the second stockade.
Here Captain Cook, of the 5th Goorkas, was fight-
ing at the head of his men like a demon, and his men
were not a whit behind him in determination. Major
Galbraith, the Deputy Adjutant-General, had missed
a man with his pistol, and the Cabulee was taking a
deliberate aim with his rifle at Galbraith when Cook
rushed out from among his men, gave a whoof which
attracted the man's attention, and then made a cut at
him with his sword, The cut missed, whereupon Cook
seized the man by the throat and the two rolled on the
ground, where the Cabulee made powerful efforts to
use his pistol. The struggle was ended by Galbraith,
who pistolled the Cabulee, and in a second more
Cook was once more in the breech at the head of his
man. A bullet passed right through his helmet just
a little above the forehead. An inch lower and it
would have killed him. Young Munro, of the 72nd
Highlanders, came very near to receiving his conge
about this time. The Higlanders, had come well up
with the Goorkhas at the stockade, and the Cabu-
lees, under the enthusiastic pressure put upon them
by our gallant fellows, were slowly preferring retreat
to a vigorous course of bayoneting. While Munro
was leading his company a bullet entered his coat at
the' shoulder and ran along his shoulder-blade,
making its exit without doing any further injury
than scoring him deeply. Immediately afterwards
a ball smashed the opera glasses at his side and pass-
ed out of his coat near the right-hand pocket. The
Rev. Mr. Adams, chaplain with the force, galloped
up to a group of men and asked them where the
General was. They did not answer, but continued
loading their rifles. He repeated his question impa-
tiently, when they replied by raising their weapons to
their shoulders. He then saw he had mistaken foes
for friends, and put spurs to his horse. A dozen
bullets whistled about his ears, but he escaped with-
out the slightest injury. This was, indeed, a narrow
escape. Lieutenant Lucas, of the Goorkhas, had an
1 escape very similar to Captain Woodthorpe's.
Lieutenant Chesney, of the 23rd Pioneers, had a
somewhat singular experience. Near the spot
where one of the enemy's guns had been working he
saw a man standing on the edge of a slight ravine,
and went up and asked the fellow who he was. The
man replied that he was a friendly Turi, and Chesney
turned to go back. Immediately, a dozen men who
had been concealed ran up the ravine, and they and
the "friendly Turi" fired their rifles at the retreat-
ing officer. He was just scratched. He ran and
called for some of his men to come up, but when
they got to the spot the friendly Turi and his com-
panions had disappeared over the hill. Afterwards,
when the guns of the enemy were being collected
together it could not be imagined what had become
of the gun which had dealt a good deal of mischief
from the place where Lieutenant Chesney had had
his little encounter. When be heard of this he at
once returned to the place, went down into the
ravine up which the men who fired at him had
scrambled, and turned over some earth which ap-
eared to have been freshly strewn. Here he found
the missing gun comfortably planted, and it was
promptly dug up and placed amongst the rest of our
captured armaments. It would appear that when
Chesney first met the friendly Turi the Cabulee gun-
ners had been down the ravine hiding the gun and the

Turi was above keeping watch; and they must have
come up and fired at him when they had completed
their little operation.

DEALERS.-A conference of delegates from London
vestries and district boards was hell at Westminster
yesterday upon the subject of interference with retail
traders by co-operative stores. The chairman, Mr.
Berry, spoke of the great injustice which was caused
by the organisation of civil servants for the purpose of
carrying on gigantic trading concerns. Civil service
stores, co-operative societies, and so on were, he main-
tained, sapping the very foundation of sound and le-
gitimate trading, to the ultimate detriment of the State
and its revenue. After considerable discussion, reso-
lutions were carried deprecating the management of
civil service stores in connection with the army, navy,
and civil service by persons in the employment of the
Government, as subversive of the order and welfare of
the State, and urging that an investigation was neces-
sary as to the unfair immunity from the full payment
of assessed and other taxes enjoyed by such servants.
A committee was appointed to consider the wholeques-
tion in furtherance of the views and objects of the con-

The Pall Mall Gazette's correspondent at Rome
telegraphs as follows: Cardinal Guibert Archbishop
o' Paris, is expected here shortly. The Cardinal
reports his interview with President Grevy as
cordial; but says the Radicals will insist upon
separation of Church and State.
LIVERPOOL, Feby. 11.-The order of the Privy Coun-
cil adopted yesterday revoking after March 3, 1879,
article 13 of the Foreign Animals Order so far as it
relates to the United States was a great surprise to the
trade here. All cattle from the United states after
March 3 will have to be slaughtered in abattiors now
being prepared on the dock estates of Bitkenhead and
Liverpool within ten days after landing.

The following terse and graphic description of the
character of the tribes occupying the Khyber Pass is
from a report, by Mr. Temple, secretary to the Chief
Commissioner of the Punjab in 1855:-" These tribes
are savages-noble savages, perhaps, and not without
some tincturegof virtue and generosity, but still
absolutely barbarans nevertheless. They have
nothing approaching to government or civil institu-
tions. They have for the most part no education.
They have nominally a religion; but Mabomedanism
as understood by them is no better, or is, perhaps,
actually worse, than the creeds of the wildest race
on earth. In their eyes, the one great command-
ment is blood for blood and fire and sword for all in-
fidels-that is, for all people not Mahomedan. They
are superstitious and priest-ridden. But the priests
(Mollahs) are as ignorant as they are bigoted, and
use their influence simply for preaching crusades
against unbelievers, and inculcate a doctrine of ra-
pine and bloodshed against the defenceless-people of
the plain. The hill men are sensitive in regard to
their women, but their customs in regard to marriage
and betrothal are very prejudicial in regard to social
advancement; at the same time they are a sensual
race. They are very avaricious ; for gold they will
do almost anything except betray a guest. They are
thievish and predatory to the last degree. The Pa-
than mother often prays that her son may be a
successful robber. They are utterly faithless to pub-
lic engagements; it would never even occur to their
minds that an oath on the Koran was binding if
against their interests. It must be added that they
are fierce and blood-thirsty. They are never without
weapons. When grazing their cattle, when driving
beasts of burden, or when tilling the soil they are
still armed. They are perpetually at war with each
other. Every tribe and section of a tribe has its
internecine wars, every family its hereditary blood
feuds, and every individual his personal foes. There
is hardly a man whose hands are unstained. Every
person counts up his murders; each tribe has a
debtor and a creditor account with its neighbours, life
for life. Reckless of the lives of others, they are not-
sparing of their own. They consider retaliation and
revenge to be the strongest of all obligations. They
possess gallantry and courage in themselves and ad-
mire such qualities in others. Men of the same
party will stand by one another in danger. To their
minds hospitality is the first of virtues. Any person
who can make his way into their dwellings will not
only be safe, but will be kindly received; but as
soon as he has left the roof of his entertainer he
may be robbed or killed. They are charitable to
the indigent of their own tribe. They possess the
pride of birth and respect ancestral associations.
They are not averse from civilization whenever they
have felt its benefits. They are fond of trading
and also of cultivating, but they are too fickle
and excitable to be industrious in agriculture or
anything else. They will take military service, and,
though impatient of discipline, will prove faithful un-
less excited by fanaticism. Such, briefly, is their
character, replete with the unaccountable inconsis-
tencies, with that mixture of opposite vices and vir-
tues belonging to savages." The character of these
tribes, depicted in the abj ;e words 20 years ago, re-
mains unaltered to the present day, and with such
men inhabiting the passes it was only to be expected
that occasional plundering raids on our communica-
tions should now and then be made, Convoys have
been fired upon with the object of plunder, lurking
marauders have been able here and there to plunder
a poor unarmed camp follower. With the establish -
ment of fortified posts the communications will soon
be rendered perfectly secure.
An opinion has recently arisen in England, even
among his admirers, that Byron mischose his vocation;
that, notwithstanding his poetical genius and his fine
poetical productions, his great strength lay in prose.
Many critical Britons say that it is only within a few
years that people have begun to discover that the
gloomy and cynical bard was, as he proclaimed him-
self, really the most unromantic of human beings.
While the sentimental young women of a past gene-
ration imagined the handsome poet scowling at fobr-
tune, and curling his lip in scorn at the hollowness
and sordidness of the world, he was laughing in Italy
like Momus, and thoroughly enjoying himself, though
in a rather coarse fashion. He never discovered until
after he had written Beppo that he was a humo-
rist, which he proved beyond question in his exceed-
ingly sarcastic, wise, and witty Don Juan." Re-
moved from his Oriental wrappings and pictorial me-
lancholy in ink, he was a very honest, common-sensi-
ble fellow, who particularly hated cant and humbug,
including much ot the purely literary kind in which
he professionally indulged. The eloquence, pathos,
wild passion, aesthetic bitterness, and picturesque de-
spair which run through Harold," "Manfred,"
" The Corsair," and "The Giaour," were but phases
of his composing mind. Toward the close of his stri-
king career, he was developing the best that was in
him-humor, wit, and representation of humanity.
Had he lived 15 or 20 years longer, he would, it is
thought, have wholly relinquished poetry and high-
colored fiction for sober fact, and have become, pro-
bably, a novelist of the Henry Fielding school.
The following, which is reported from Canada, may
be taken as a specimen of Yankee competition :-" A
manufacturer of agricultural implements in Ontario
some time since started a factory on such intelligent
principles, and managed it so well, that he was well
able, even with the low rate of import duty which the
Yankees had to pay on their machinery coming into
the province, to undersell all his competitors and yet
make a profit. For a time this went on-the man
was doing an excellent trade-when one day he re-

ceived a demand from a syndicate of American manu-
facturers in his line of business to raise his prices to a
certain fixed table and cease the manufacture of sev-
eral articles. He refused. What was the result?
The Americans met, agreed that one of their number
should undersell the Canadian manufacturer at all cost,
every maker belonging to the union sharing the loss
which must necessarily accrue. And in the end the
Ontario factory was shut, competition was ended, and
to-day the Americans, by enhanced prices, are recoup-
ing themselves for the sacrifice they made."
The Halifax correspondent of the London Daily
News tells some stories of the Earl of Dufferin in
Canada which should go far to explain
to Englishmen the secret of his unequalled success
as a ruler in the New Dominion. One of the best
of these is worth transferring to our columns:
I once asked a devoted mother what she thought
otf Lord D)ufferin. She straightway told me she
had only seen him twice. The first time she had
with her one of her beloved children, the delights of
whose society she shared with Lord Dufferin for a
brief ten minutes. Two years later the Governor-
General, passing through Quebec, met her again
and his greeting was, Well Mrs. how's
Lilian ?" Can anything be more eloquent than
this little story? A man who could remember over
two years the weakness of a mother and the name
of a child is just the man to succeed in the delicate
task of governing for the Queen in Canada. Mul-
tiply the effect of this adroit graciousness by the
tens of thousands of persons with whom Lord Duf-
ferin has conversed, and it is not difficult to account
for the unbounded and unprecedented popularity
of the Governor General whom itis the lot of Lord
Lorne to succeed.
DECEIT.-Some people continue under such gross
and habitual self-deception that the most blunder-
ing observer of human nature can understand them
better than they can themselves. There are persons
who have so accustomed themselves to all arts and
tricks of falsehood, that to gain a plain end in a
plain way would be as tasteless and insipid as warm

ST. THOMAs, Feb. 7.-The reports by the steamer
to-day are very cuoiflicting. From the government
side there is the following:-"A severe fight had
taken place at Guarenas, and Generals Pulido and
Azala were defeated. Another battle near La Vic-
toria resulted in the defeat of General Cedenos,
with a Ins- of 500 men. General Colina has left
Coro with 3,000 mon to aid the government against
those proclaiming. in favor of General Guzman
Blanco. Luciano, with 4,000 men, has marched on
Aragua to join Valeria against Cedenos.
Caracas is quiet, and the adherents of Guzman
are fleeing and hiding.
it is reported that the revolution is in full blast.
The steamer Bermuda was chartered by the gov-
ernment to take two commissioners to Coro. She
arrived on January 29, but found Colina had left
on the 23rd and that nothing was known of his
whereabouts. The blockading fleet from Mara-
caibo, which consists of five schooners and a steam-
er, warned the Bermuda off, and she had to leave,
having, however, landed the commissioners. Coro
is surrounded by the adherents of Guzman.
oral Valera was shut up in Victoria by General Ce-
denos and all communication with Caracas had been
cut of. The wires were cut and Crespo's and Cede-
nos' troops were between the places. It is reported
that Modaneta, the provisional head of the govern-
ment, has informed General Valera that he would
only act as President until the arrival of Guzman
A LOVER OF HI COUNTRY.--Ex-President Guz-
man declares that he only comes to quiet the coun-
try, and will not accept the Presidency. The
steamer Maracaibo is expected here to takeGuzman
to Venezuela.
La Guaira is totally undefended. The general
tone of the country is said to be in favor of Giz-


A light Stainding-lop

Has been painted and trimmed, and is in
evtry respect comfortable.

\ ith a complete set Brass Mounted

FOI 2 4.
Saddlery & Iaurness lstiblishment. under
Town liafl, Front St., IHamilton.
Fehy. 17, 1879.

Mna u o.

Moomently expected a large Supply
or 1a5S 7 r0,
Which will he disposed of at a reasonable price.
The Article speaks for itself.-Farmers who
have, during the last four seasons, tried this
Manure pronounced it A I.
Call at once and engage the quantity you re-

St. George, Bermuda, Oct. 28, 1878.

Horse, Carriage 4*


t. Nichol as' Hotel

fIll IS favourably and well-known Hotel hav-
ing increased conveniences for the comfort
of its patrons, offers superior attractions for
transient and permanent guests.
Late firm and successor to S. Hawk & Co.,
November II, 1878.-3m

''heodore Outerbridge,

(Reid Street, \Vest of Royal Gazette" Office.

Office Hours-10 to 12 and 1 to 4.
Will Visit St. Georges, Tuesdays and Fri-
Orders Promptly Attended to.
IHamilton,! ectober 26th, 1876.

NN %J0 V k

Cedar Avenue,


October 28, 1878.


The Bermuda Pocket & Sheet

FOI 1 q S79,
Are now ready for delivery.
Till':E S. Er'T contains all the .neccess'iry in-
for station for an Almanack.
T Il E HP ()K contains in addition to all other
useful information usually found in such a ub-,
icat ion:
V Business Directory for the Towns of i lamilton
and St. George.
Descriptive, Hiistorical, and Scientific account
of Bermuda.
A Catalorue of most of the Plants, both wil,.
and cultivated, growing in Bermuda, obliging
ly prepared and classified for the publisher by
Henry J. Hinson, Mqr., M.1)., for this Al-
manack-The most complete yet furnished.
A Catalogue of the Fishes of Bermuda by Pro-
fessor G. Brown Goode, Esqr., of the Smith-
sonian Institute, Washington.
A Catalogue of the Birds of Bermnuda. revised.
And a Catalogue of the Sea and Land Shells of
Bermuda, by Mr. John 'Pavenier liartram, of
Stock's Point, St. George.
On the Cover is a ne; t and very perfect Map of
Bermuda; its Latitude, Longitude, and the
position of the Breakers, &c., given.
PRTCEs-Sheet 1/. Book, plain, 1/6; ditto.
interleaved, 1/9.
Can be had at the Stores of Messis. GEORGE
BOYLE & SON, West End, Water Street, St.
George; at the CHIEF WAiD).i,' Office, Royal
Naval Yard, Ireland Island ; of the several Car-
riers of the "Gazette," and at the Royal
Gazette" -tationery Store.
Royal Gazette Office, Dec. 17, 1878.


' IIE Undersigned having resumed Business
at his uld Stand, Corner of Church and
Junction Streets, near liamilton Ilotel, takes
this method of thanking his friends and the pub-
lic generally for past favors, and humbly soli-
cits a continuance of same.
January 6, 1879.

Per Royal Mail Steatnmer Alpha,

1 Single P ME TON,
The above will be. sold at very reasonable
prices for CASI1.
St. George's, Novr. 12, 1878.--tf


'I'HE UNDEIRSIGNEI) having returned from
New York most respectfully informs the
Public in general of Hermuda, that he has re-
opened his
Photograph Gallery,
Corner Church and Burnaby sits., Hamilton,
And is prepared to execute in all its branche-
and in first class style ; Porcelain Work, Photos
graph and Ferrotype Views. Old Pictures copied
and enlarged and finished if required in Indian

Ctamilton, Feby. 4, 18'79.


S. H. Cappe,

Licensed ltuclioneer
D. W.I.
Septr. 31, 1878..-12m



'~a -i



tI -'of#'citioll ~aiill-vtC, I It fE

Can be obtained from the


of London,
One of the longest Established and Wealthiest
Offices in Great Britain.
Through the BRANCH OFFICE in these
Islands, a Saving is effected to the Insured
of the Stamp Duty, a very considerable item.
RISKS taken both on HEAL and PERSONAL
PROPIERTY for 3, 6 or 12 months.
No FEES and no C.IARG fK or Policies.
Hamilton, September 9th, 1 SR.

14 Queen Street, Hamilton,
S Between the Stores of Messrs. F. A.



&c., &c.
July 15, 1878.,-12 m.



j is confidently recommended to the Public as an un-
failing remedy for wounds of every description; a
certain remedy for ulcerated legs, burns, scalds,
bruises, chilblain., scorbutic eruptions, and pimples
in the face, sore and inflamed eyes, sore heads, sore
breasts, piles. It also entirely removes the foul
smell arising from Cancer.
Sold in pots, 13Md., 2/9, 4/6, 11/ and 22/ each ; and
Proved by more than sixty years' experience to be
one of the best medicines for purifying ths blood and
assisting Nature in her opera ions. They lorm a
mild and superior family aperient, which may be
;taken at all times without c nfinement or change of
Sold in Boxes at 1/t, 2/9, 4/6, I1/ and 22/ each.
Prepared only by BE \CH & B RNICOTI', Brid-
port, Dorset, England, and sold by all Medicine
S Dc. 10, 1878.-26.
It is stated the first train from Quebec over the
North Shore Railway will reach Ottawa on Satur-
day, 1st February, instant. Regular communica*
tion between the ancient and modern capitals over
this road will commence immediately.

>- -


Al .

z cc
LU W^' |

0M..3. 4

i -00 II

It is understood the office of General Superin.
tendent of Railways in the Dominion of Canada
will be abolished during the session, and a Depart-
ment of Railways, of which Dr. Tapper will be
Minister, created.
g s"* .4 .

,, o
z 1 0

on the Albanian frontier of Servia whichds likely
to lead to re rimination between Servia and the

K-M A 879.
1.0 g -;3




VI o



6 17
6 15
6 14
6 13
6 10
6 10
6 9


6 3
6 3
6 4
6 5
6 6
6 6
6 7


10 42
11 SO
12 18
1 6
1 54
2 42
3 30


Lt. Qr. llh 21m Px

3rd in Lent
St. Patrick

every Tuesday by DONALD M'PHEE LEE,
Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent
North-west Corner of Reid and Burnaby Street,
where Blanks, Hand-bills, &c., will be
printed at the shortest notice.-Agents,
at St. Georges for the Royal Gazette,
Messrs, GEORGE BOYLE & SON, W1tst End
Water Street.