Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00037
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00037
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text

5A e 51o.- i al


fA MtR

Published by Agricultural Students at the University of Florida


VOL. IX MARCH, 1941 NO. 3




I r ~ol 3






For many years agricultural in-
terests have been searching for the
"Golden Fleece"-searching and grop-
ing about for new crops to raise in
an effort to improve the financial
status of the average farmer and, by
means of a diversified scheme of
management, make the farm a better
place on which to live. Most of these
efforts have been clumsy and awk-
ward at first and many mistakes
have been made; however, a few
bright lights on the horizon give pro-
mise that a better day is coming.
Napier grass is highly recommend-
ed as a very valuable plant from a
grazing standpoint. Results prove
that it is a very palatable and ef-
ficient livestock food; 430 pounds ot
beef per acre have been produced on
Napier grass pasturage; an acre will
feed one to one-and-a-half cows
Experiments have shown, however,
that it must be grazed rotationally in
order to produce results, and that the
best grazing height is 4 or 5 feet.
Because of a lack of understanding of
these facts, it is difficult to convince
people of its value.
The African squash has turned out
to be a prolific producer and a plant
which is easy to grow. So far it has

carved a niche for itself as a table
dish and as a winter food for cows
in place of silage because its storing
qualities are good if it is not bruised.
Many new pasture grasses are be-
ing developed for Florida conditions
so that the drawbacks of our climate
and soil may not prevent us from
improving our livestock on improved
pastures or from utilizing land, which
would not economically produce crops
otherwise, for pasture. Carpet grass,
Bahia grass, and centipede grass have
been fairly successful under our
semi-tropical climate; the acreage of
land in permanent pastures in Flor-
ida is increasing by leaps and bounds
The value of velvet beans in the
agricultural scheme in Florida has
been grossly underestimated. Not
only are velvet beans useful as a
soil-improving crop, but they are also
invaluable as a winter food for live-
stock. After the vines have died
the ground, the dry pods are grazed
off and eaten with relish by livestock.
Velvet beans are only one example of
the part legumes will play in the
future extension of the diversified
farming idea; clovers, crotolaria, cow
peas, and winter legumes are impor-
tant in this respect.




Nothing added just the pure juices with their natural

flavors and food values.

Packed by a NEW process that gives you canned citrus

juices that taste like the fresh fruit juices themselves!


Dunedin, Florida

Tung oil trees are a cash crop with
very good possibilities for certain
farms which have suitable soils. The
growing of small, five to ten acre
groves of tung trees as a sideline to
general farming may prove profi-
table, especially since the Chinese
tung oil is unreliable as to quality
and steadiness of supply. The growing
of tung oil trees has been called a
"lazy man's job" because, after the
trees have been started, only a mini-
mum cf care is needed to maintain
production. When the nuts are ripe,
they fall to the ground where they
lie for a month or two without dam-
age; the nuts are picked up off the
ground and may be stored for six or
eight months if it is not desirable to
sell or ship them.
Although several new cash crop
plants (such as ramie for fiber, long
staple cotton, and peanuts for mar-
ket) are being developed, by far the
steadiest cash crops are livestock in
a diversified plan of farming. Chick-
ens, dairy cattle, beef cattle and pigs
utilize land, labor, and capital to
better advantage, they produce a
steadier income for the farmer, and
help to conserve soil fertility. Home-
grown feeds will earn more money
for the farmer if they are marketed
through livestock in the forms of
meat, eggs, or milk. Surplus skim-
milk can be fed to pigs and chickens;
animal manures can be utilized to
produce a vegetable garden which
will add variety and vitamins to the
farmer's meals; the farmer's income
will be steady the year-around instead
of coming in a wad once during the
year; the periods of labor will not
be bursts of over-work as in the case
cf tobacco production; and the land
will be used to its fullest and most
economical extent. A farmer who
carries on diversified farming will
have passing through his hands less
cash but more of the good things of

Lovers of beautiful trees met at
the University of Florida on Febru-
ary 20-22 for the fourth annual Sou-
thern Shade Tree Conference. Speci-
alists in arboriculture from the states
of Florida, Georgia, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Alabama, Virginia,
Maryland, Missouri, Massaschusetts.
Ohio, and Michigan took part in the
program which included, among other
topics: roadside development, city
park management, and disease and
insect pests of trees.

An old dog leans back and sits on
his haunches;
An old reporter sits back and leans
on his hunches.




Folks claim that the younger gen-
eration does a lot of petting. If this
is true, then baseball ought to have
a good crop of hitters coming up:
that is, boys who have no respect for


54he Joridla Col/lee Jarmvner

Published by representatives of Student Organizations
College of Agriculture University of Florida

Joe Heitzman Editor
Terry Drake Associate Editor
Arthur Ellis Associate Editor-
Bob Morris Alumni Editor
Bob Jones F. F. A. Editor
John Campbell 4-H Club Editor
Hilton Leifeste Forestry Editor

Clint Brandon Business Manager
Eric Mills, Jr. Circulation Manager

Floyd Eubanks, Seth Plank, Charles Leonard, Jack
Herndon, M. C. Leslie, Lowell Slagle.
Wilson Suggs, E. H. Greenland, Gordon Frauenheim, Ray
Goddard, Jim McCauley, Tommy Howell.
H. S. Wolfe, Chairman
E. A. Ziegler E. L. Fouts C. H. Willoughby

Entered as second class mailing matter at the Post Office
at University Station, Gainesville, Florida, December 8,
1938, under Act of Congress of 1879. Advertising rates
furnished upon request. Published four times during the
school year in November, January, March and May.

Subscription Price Fifty Cents.

Husband: "Bad news, darling. The
doctor said he's going to have to
remove my appendix, my tonsils,
my adenoids-"
Wife: "Hold on. That's enough out of


In this world of ever-increasing
competition in every line of endeavor
a well-balanced development is the
primary requisite for one who expects
to keep in pace; it is necessary to a
much greater degree for one who ex-
pects to lead.
Physically, then, one must have a
strong body in order to cope more
adequately with life's adversities. One
must be strong enough to stand up
under the many duties which are the
responsibilities of a leader.
Mentally, one must be quick and
eager to learn, and ever ready to
forge ahead by realizing and taking
advantage of every opportunity that
presents itself.
Socially, one must be more in
harmony with his fellow-men by
striving to help them at all times. A
good personality is essential to this
phase of development, because a
personable individual can have a
great influence on his fellow-men in
the community in which he is located.
A leader should be sincerely de-
sirous of retaining a never-dying
faith in God so that, in leading, his
ideals will withstand the temptations
of the life about him.
Hindered by ill health with subse-
quent lack of strength, one must
fall back to the rear of the ever-
moving line; a sluggish mentality is
a limiting factor which continually
pushes down a climber of the ladder
of leadership or forces him to move
along with those of the great major-
ity who are followers, not leaders;
social fialadjustment retards the ef-
ficiency of a leader and loses for him
many worth-while contacts; a scorn-
er of religion will lead the race
blindly, if he leads at all.
No one of these factors in itself
will make a leader; all must be pos-
sessed-as is shown in the examples
of the great leaders of history-along
with a conscientious desire to help
himself and his fellow-men. If one
rung of the ladder of leadership is
missing, continual difficulty will be
experienced when the ladder is put
to use.
-F. L. E.

"These eggs are very small," com-
plained the newly-wed housewife to
her grocer.
"Straight from the farm this morn-
ing, ma'm," declared the grocer.
"That's the trouble with these
farmers," the young housewife per-
sisted. "They're so anxious to get
their eggs sold that they take them
off the nest too soon." -Grit.



Jiiord/a macde-for .jiopiclad cropi


Florida produces a great vari-
ety of crops. Soils vary greatly
in character, too. It's pretty ob-
vious that fertilizer require-
ments must be "keyed to the
soil" if crops are to get the
right plant foods in the right
amounts at the right time.
That's the GULF plan of main-
taining the PRODUCTIVE
HEALTH of groves and farms.

For everything that
grows in Florida.

The Gulf Fertilizer Company
36th Street, South of East Broadway, Tampa, Fla.
East Coast Factory-PORT EVERGLADES, FLA.

Expert Repairing

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"Citizens, Wherever We Serve!"


In Gainesville it's the "Florida and "Lyric"






Basic Slag

Prices and Field Service
are yours for the asking

Tampa, Florida








Florida College Farmer

Published by Agricultural Students at the University of Florida


VOL. IX MARCH, 1941 NO. 3

he Jrlpte-C in Jo retrq

By Steve Manuel

The C .C. C. was introduced in
1933 and since then has accomplished
very worth-while results in every one
of the forty-eight states. Through the
agency of this organization, millions
have been spent to improve and pro-
tect our national forests.
It would be unfair to proceed fur-
ther without mentioning a few fig-
ures to produce some conception of
the vastness of the program that the
C. C. C. carries out. It has built or
maintained 28,882 miles of telephone
lines, and 540 lookout towers and
houses; a total of 4,950 miles of truck
trails and minor roads, and 47,285
miles of first class roads for protect-
ive and recreational purposes have
been built; some 1,070 bridges of
various types have also been construc-
ted; a total of about 7,000 miles of
firsebreaks have been created.
Most people believe, and correctly
so, that the primary purpose of the
CCC is to fight forest fires. In ad-
dition to these activities, the enrollees
carry out control work against forest
insects and diseases such as white
grubs, bark beetles, white pine
blister rust, and Dutch elm disease.
Another branch of the work carried
on by the CCC is reforestation and
afforestation of the national forests.
Since 1933 the CCC has constructed
twenty-two nurseries and enlarged
the previously-existing ones. These
nurseries are either under the con-
trol of the state forestry departments
or the U. S. Forest Service.

In all of our national and state
forest reservations the CCC has de-
veloped recreational centers. The ex-
penditures of the Federal Government
toward these developments, if for no
other purpose, have been more than
worth-while. These recreational cen-
ters offer to the public places of di-
version from everyday tasks. As a
rule, these areas serve a two-fold
purpose: as well as providing for re-
creation, they conserve our forest
In most of our national forests
there enters the problem of range
and wildlife management. The nati-
onal forests are the summer range
for hundreds of thousands of cattle,
sheep, and other browsing animals.
The maintenance of adequate forage
crops and an abundant water supply
are very important in range manage-
ment, especially in seasons when food
and water is scarce.
Wildlife development, improvement
and protection have been receiving
greatly increased attention during
the past few years. The CCC has done
more to protect our wildlife in the
national forests than any other ag-
The conservation of our soil is es-
sential to our existence. In this field
the CCC has been active in building
brush dams, and planting forest tree
seedlings on thousands of acres of
lands. It has developed conservation
areas to help to protect our soils

from erosion.
In the State of Florida the CCC
has been of inestimable assistance to
our forest protection. Operating in
camps under the jurisdiction of the
Florida Forest and Park Service, the
CCC has been engaged in forest pro-
tection and fire prevention on pri-
vate and State-owned lands. Funds
for this work are furnished by the
Federal Government.
At the end of July, 1936, there were
ten CCC camps in the State, operat-
ing to protect our forests from fire
and to develop better stands of tim-
ber on the areas to which they were
assigned. The number of camps has
gradually decreased until at present
we have five camps working on six
state forest areas.
One of the best examples of the
type of work and the contributions
made to the public by the CCC is the
Ocala National Forest. This forest
has many recreational areas in it,
and its abundance of wild game has
been conserved by the U. S. Forest
The existence of the CCC within
the State has made tremendous con-
tributions to the development of good
forest management practices. With-
out these contributions to the various
branches of the Florida Forest and
Park Service the conservation of our
forests soil, game, and beauty spots
would be proceeding at an infinitely
slower pace than it is now.


The annual Forester's Shindig
sponsored by the Forestry Club of the
University of Florida was held on
February 7, in the Austin Cary
Memorial Forest in one of the five
buildings that grace the immediate
vicinity of Lake Mize. The cabin in
which the dance took place was de-
corated with gallberry, pine saplings,
palmettos and Spanish moss.

Music was furnished by "Uncle
Mac" Criswell and the Strickland
brothers. Although the shindig was
primarily a square dance, there was
considerable round dancing in order
to lend variety and give some of the
dancers a chance to catch their
breaths before the next square dance
came around.
Miss Annette Wilkinson and El-
more Godfrey, as a result of a prize

drawing which was officiated over
by Mrs. H. S. Newins, were pre-
sented with copies of the 1940 SLASH
PINE CACHE, the yearbook of the
School of Forestry; the lucky couple
is also to receive copies of the 1941
yearbook upon its release from press.
Funds from the dance went toward
the financing of the SLASH PINE
CACHE, which is to be bigger and
better for 1941.

By Wade McCall

The agricultural wealth of a co-
untry depends on its soil resources.
but only recently have we as a
nation come to regard soil fertility
as an asset that could be io-t or
worn out. Under the system of low
prices that prevails, and has prevail-
ed in the past, farmers have had to
"mine" their soil in order to make a
Soil exploitation has contributed
heavily to damage that has been done
to over 100 million acres of land that
have been ruined or impoverished to
such an extent that it can no longer
be farmed profitably. During and
just after the World War foreign de-
mand for agricultural products was
so heavy that farmers turned more
and more to the use of tractors and
power machinery on large acreages
in an effort to meet the demand.
Besides all of the new land that was
being opened up by cultivation of the
prairies, there was about 39 million
acres of land which had formerly
grown hay and pastures that could
be used for cash crops. Much of this
new land became subjected to wind
and water erosion resulting in the
dust bowls of a few years ago. Many
of the rivers, and harbors near the
mouths of rivers, in this area have
become difficult of navigation be-
cause of the fact that silt and top-
soil has been washed in from eroded
lands. For example, places in the
Mississippi River that 25 years ago
were so deep that no bottom could
be found today have to be dredged
in order to keep a nine-foot channel
open for the traffic of river boats;

all of this has been caused by the
erosion of soil that has been washed
into the river.
The A. A. A. has set up a pro-
gram of nation-wide scope to help,
with the cooperation of the states,
farmers combat this loss of soil. The
aid of the Triple-A is focused, both
directly and indirectly, on the en-
couragement of soil conserving prac-
tices as opposed to exploitative meth-
Jds of cropping. The shift from in-
tensive cropping gives rest to mil-
lions of acres of land that for years
have been hard-driven by surplus pro-
duction, and cover crops that pro-
duce feed for livestock are serving
the additional purpose of maintaining
the fertility of the soil instead of let-
ting it wash away to the sea. It is
teaching them to rely less on soil-
depleting crops and more on grasses
and legumes. The farmers have re-
duced the soil-depleting acreage by
12 million acres per year, but this
still gives ample supplies of grass,
and surplus production in some cases.
That farmers have shifted to a type
of farming that is easier on the soil
and still maintains adequate produc-
tion is apparent.
A permanent income is the ultimate
end of the A. A. A. program; this
objective lies in the future as well as
in the present. The A. A. A. Farm
Program has sought to increase the
number of farms which are operated
in such manner as to prevent surplus
production and soil waste.
A shift away from surplus harvest-
ed crops to use of land for the pro-
duction of hay and pastures is en-
couraged by the A. A. A. program
Such a shift lessens the heavy tolls

that farmers pay annually in the form
of soil fertility lost by erosion. Some
of the crop land is transferred to
seeded pasture, some is planted to
legumes, some fallowed to conserve
moisture, and some is used in crop
rotation. None is retired from pro-
duction, and none is idle. Because of
the A. A. A. program the land pro-
duces and improves while it is being
shifted from intensive cultivation.
In general the A. A. A. program
has cut down the amount of soil-de-
pleting acreage and built up the
number of acres devoted to soil-
building crops and practices. Erosion
due to wind and water has been
greatly reduced by the use of cover
crops, crop rotation systems, strip
cropping, terracing, and other soil-
conserving practices. Some of the
land that has been unproductive be-
cause of excessive gullying has been
reclaimed by the use of such crops as
kudzu, which besides conserving the
soil and preventing further erosion
can be used as a pasture or forage
crop, clovers, mixtures of perennial
grasses, and annual lespedeza.
This program has done more than
any other one agency to influence
and encourage the farmers' swing
from soil-depleting crops to soil-
conserving crops; even though many
of the farmers give it "down the co-
untry," more and more of them are
coming into the A. A. A. program
each year.

City Slicker: "Doesn't that mule
ever kick you?"
Farmer Boy: "No suh, he ain't yit,
but he frequently kicks th' place
where I recently wuz." -Grit.

Cowpeas are a practical soil conservation crop that furnishes supplemental grazing during the late
summer and early fall.






By Terry Drake


TAMPA-A new record was set by
the F. F. A. Egg Show at the recent
Florida State Fair in Tampa. Over
700 dozens of eggs were exhibited in
contrast to the previous year's dis-
play of 200 dozen. Cash prizes total-
ing T260 were distributed among the
winning chapters.
KANSAS CITY-Each member of
the Collegiate Chapter of the Univ-
ersity of Florida will be presented
with a complimentary owl pin by the
Florida Association according to a
decision made by the executive mem-
bers of the Florida Association at the
National Convention in Kansas City.
Collegiate members of the F. F. A.
pay state and national dues, but are
not permitted to compete in state
boys and other youths between the
ages of 17 and 25 are taking advan-
tage of new fields of training which
are being opened by the Defense Pro-
gram. This training, which is given
by skilled mechanics under the sup-
ervision of the agricultural teachers,
offers instruction in the following
fields: woodwork, motors, metalwork,
and electricity. Approximately 200
classes are now in operation.
GAINESVILLE-Results ot the
1941 F. F. A. Day Judging Contests
show that the Kissimmee Chapter
walked away with judging honors for
the day, taking first place in the
Beef Cattle Judging Contest and
second place in the Fruits and Vege-
tables Judging Contest. Plant City
took first place in the judging of
fruits and vegetables, while Tate
Chapter nosed out Vernon for first
place in the judging of hay, grains,
and meats.
CLEWISTON The Clewiston
Chapter raffled off a radio before the
Christmas holidays and sold $48.60
worth of chances at fifteen cents
each; profits from the undertaking
were deposited in the chapter treas-
BUNNELL-Tne Flagler Chapter
collected pine seeds and sold them to
the Forest and Park Service; the
$45.00 earned in this way was placed
in the chapter treasury.

I really don't know whether or not
I am right in writing this type of
column now or not; however, of my
convictions I am certain. My only
wish is that I might reach the ears
of the ones who need to hear this,
instead of only those about to gradu-
ate from our own Agricultural Col-
lege, a college so broad that it takes
considerable time just to think about
its scope. It certainly involves all of
the known fundamentals of man's
present civilization-complete from
how to "Make Friends and Influence
People" to the most profound of
chemical mysteries.
Now, you will grant me that most
boys do not begin to think of these
things until it comes time to take
leave of this worthy institution. I
said most because there are still many
who do not think of these things even
I repeat, the Agricultural College
is the best on the campus, in itself;
but let us now look more closely into
the situation of those boys who are
entering the College after having
been here two years. I admit the
status of the boys improves from
year to year but I am unwilling to
concede the point that the boys even
after having been here two years are
ready to enter the Ag College.
All boys enter without having had
as basic and fundamentally sound a
course as botany. I cite botany first
because it can the most easily be held
up as absurd. Of course we have ex-
perienced a substitute, or rather been
exposed to it. A substitute is almost
the only one correct term by which
one can designate it. I can make this
stick because that is exactly what
other institutions of unquestioned re-
putation consider it. A boy going in-
to a field as broad as horticulture
without having any sound basic bo-
tany, and now I blame the Ag College
because it does not require him to
retrace his steps for his own good
and take botany! One outstanding
horticulture senior had to refuse a
scholarship to another university for
graduate work because of this lack
of basic training.
All of the above about botany goes
equally for any department in the Ag
School. Consider Animal Husbandry.
A boy in this field needs a knowledge
of botany as well as a knowledge of
biology. That boy's cows someday
are going to eat some poisonous plant;

even if he has studied botany he
may be unable to do anything about
it, but he will have the satisfaction
of knowing that he realizes what
caused the poisoning and that he can
better follow directions from a speci-
alist as to the method of eliminating
the trouble. An animal husbandman
needs to know for his own personal
satisfaction and knowledge the work-
ing principals of his animals, includ-
ing a study of animal morphology
and physiology. He should know or-
ganic chemistry to better understand
the nutrition of his animals. He
should further study mathematics and
physics, and pass them. I grant you
that were these ideas put into prac-
tice there would probably immediate-
ly result a drastic reduction in the
enrollment in the College, however,
this would only be eliminating what
shouldn't have been there in the first
place. Let's look further into what
we would have.
The Ag College would be capable
of giving to such boys a REAL edu-
cation. These boys would be real
solid, smart, and practical agricultu-
rists-boys who would go back to
their own farms because they would
know they could make a success of
their operations. I ask you to visual-
ize an Ag College here that would
be able to give its students an addi-
tional two years of college and what
that would do for the individual
Furthermore, our Ag Freshmen
really are handicapped because they
have been the victims of a false
doctrine-the doctrine that says in
effect, if we give boys freedom it will
develop them. This isn't so. It's only
through educating students to free-
dom that they can produce their own
Perhaps if I hadn't had a bad case
of flu and in the process of recover-
ing from it had a little time to think,
I would never have written this. Be
that as it may, there are still many
things along this same line that
should be told aloud to young men
who will make agricultural juniors
when they should be, instead of ag-
ricultural freshmen as they are now.

"Why did you kick your little bro-
ther in the stomach?"
"Well, it was his own fault. He
turned around."
-Agricultural Leader's Digest.






A SaLate 1to &tloriclda'6 ,,1dC

By Clint Brandon

"Citrus Center," "Sunshine Resort,"
'.Land of Oranges," "Land of Lakes,"
"We believe in Lilly Stoat," "A place
of peace and rest," "The Scenic High-
lands"--on and on they go giving
more and more names for it.
The Ridge is just a high, sandy,
wedge-shaped area of land in lower
central Florida that begins around
Haines City in Polk County and ex-
tends in a long, narrow strip or ridge
for about 85 miles to a point just
below Lake Placid in Highlands Co--
unty. Beginning at Haines City, it
passes through Lake Wales, Frost-
proof, Avon Park, Sebring, DeSoto
City, and ends at Lake Placid.
. t is an important tourist center
because of its beauty, climate, lakes,
fish, wild game (and good Chambers
of Commerce); it is a major citrus
section; it is a great cattle area; it
hias many minor agricultural pro-
ducts such as avocados, papayas,
riiahgoes, guavas, and vegetables;
finally, enterprising people are not
certain yet as to the limitations of
the agricultural possibilities of the
:ridge and, as a result, are investing
ratli. extensively in agriculture on
the Ridge. Certainly any one of these
factors might build a great area of
.growth and promise.
I~et's take a closer look into the
ciltus in..iustry of the ridge. First,
Inte Ri.ige leads the State in yields
per tree and per acre; it is the envy
*6f every other citrus section in the
.state, in this respect. Second, these
good yields are becoming of better
:quality with the continued advice and
experimentation of the Citrus Ex-
.periment Station at Lake Alfred.
,.Third, the cost of production is ex-
. ceptionally low. Just mention this to
an Indian River grower and watch
him bite his lip-or move you on.
Fourth, the living conditions are
better on the Ridge than in most
other citrus sections of Florida. If
these aren't important points enough
to make any agriculturally minded
person perk up his ears and listen at-
tentively-if you aren't already in-
terested, you need read no farther
You just ain't no farmer nohow.
Says you, "Tell me a little more
about this orange business you're
harping about-some more of that
Ridge bunk. I love to hear you rave
and rant!" And so I tell you.
Just you take a swing down into
the Ridge one of these nice winter
days if you want to see a booming
.industry. Everywhere, on the sides
of the roads you'll see orange trees,
grapefruit trees, limes, limquats, and

any thing else you can think of in the
way of citrus. Every good sand hill
is covered with citrus. It requires
considerable fertilizer, but the yields
and other results are all right. You
will see these beautiful groves on
down through Lake Wales, Frost-
proof, Avon Park, Sebring, and Lake
Placid. Abruptly, they end with the
Ridge on the south.
In Frostproof there is one of the
largest canning plants in the state;
one of the most famous juices in the
world, "Silver Nip" citrus juices, is
canned h:re by Florida Fruit Canners,
Inc., which is headed by Lat Maxcy.
Mr. Maxcy, one of Florida's best
known citrus men, has two brothers
who are very well known in the cit-
rus business, too; Gregg Maxcy, of
Sebring, who puts up the well known
"Sun Sip" juices and runs a large
packing house and canning plant, and
John Maxcy, who is a member of the
Citrus Commission. In Lake Wales,
The Florida Canners Cooperative is
the largest citrus canning plant in
the United States. Should you ever
have the opportunity to visit these
plants, plan to stay a few hours
watching the very interesting pro-
cesses in progress. Visitors are wel-
comed and shown about very graci-
ously. All in all, the canning plants
are a big business within themselves.
They employ thousands of workers;
they take care of the excess fruit and
offer a better market for the fruit
that is left uncanned as a result;
they provide a very healthful and ap-
petizing product that can be used
the year-round all over the world.
Then, as you wind in and out
among the beautiful lakes that spot
the country, stop at some of the
groves and talk with the growers or
caretakers. Almost all of them like
the life; they tell you it isn't all
money or pleasure, but they like it
-on the Ridge.
In Dundee, just north of Lake
Wales, is located the Glen St. Mary
Citrus Nurseries. If you want to talk
to one of the most interesting and
most truly typical Florida crackers
stop over for a chat with Mr. Daniels,
who is in charge of field operations
for the nursery. D. C. Barrow, in
DeSoto City, just south of Sebring,
operates one of the most interesting
nurseries that we have ever visited.
He has specimens of almost every
variety and cross of citrus that is in
existence. Incidentally, he originated
the Queen orange, and still has the
original tree in his back yard.
Sebring boasts a national champion

jelly maker. Mrs. J. D. Blanding has
won an almost endless number of na-
tional and state prizes for her un-
usual jellies and marmalades made
from citrus fruits. Her most unusual
feat is that of putting orange blos-
soms in jelly without changing the
appearance of the blossoms which can
be distinctly seen through the clear
jelly; no one has ever been able to
learn how she does it.
A very energetic worker in the im-
provement of the citrus industry is
Paul Haymon, County Agent of Polk
County. Mr. Hayman specializes in
citrus, and has so much faith in it
that he owns a grove himself.

Now that we have seen the extent
of the citrus business of the Ridge,
let's look at the cattle industry that
is so important to the life of this
section. Thousands of acres are not
under cultivation, and are surprising-
ly good for cattle grazing. You may
see thousands of beef cattle picking
around on the range; now that the
AAA has taken a hand in pasture
improvement, they are picking over
much better improved pasture. Many
of the cattle raisers live on the Ridge
and have their cattle on range ad-
jacent to the Ridge.
Highlands county nas more im-
proved pasturage than any other co-
unty in the State. The reason: Louis
Alsmeyer, Highlands County Agent,
is most active in pasture development.
He's also a fanatic on the subject
and can give more information on this
pasture business than any text book
or any other man connected with the
cattle industry; he is noted far and
wide for this very out-standing ac-
complishment. Somehow or other he
has succeeded in getting the cattle-
men to plant thousands of acres of
pasture for beef cattle.
Rex Beach, the world ramous nov-
elist, seemingly has great faith in
the Ridge as a cattle raising section.
He is putting in a modern ranch,
with all its improved acreage, fatten-
ing grasses, pit silos, good living
quarters for workers, and a Univer-
sity of Florida graduate as super-
visor. His home is in Sebring, but his
ranch is just outside Avon Park,.
G. C. Townes, former Mayor of
Cleveland, Ohio, N. B. Jackson,
Carey Carlton, and T. J. Durrance
are among the many other cattlemen
of note. We know them to be establi-
shed leaders. We know them to have
faith in the cattle industry on the
Ridge. They have realized the pos-
sibilities of the Norfolk sand, which




many people think too poor for pas-
ture, and are capitalizing on it.
Every day there are more acres of
better pasture put in; every year
there is an increase in the number
of beef cattle over the ranges of the
Ridge. That, then, is a brief picture
of one of Florida's and the Ridge's
greatest agricultural industries-beef

Now, let's see the minor agricultur-
al products that we mentioned a few
moments ago. Probably these pro-
ducts have created more speculation,
experimenLation, and investing than
any other industry on the entire Rid-
ge. Papayas, for example, are grown
quite a bit in this area, and they
very probably will be grown very
much within the next few years. Av-
ocadcs, one of the healthiest of foods,
are grown on a rather large scale on
the Ridge. Ward's Nursery at Avon
Park has one of the largest and fin-
est groves in the state. Papayas and
avocados are very expensive foods,
and are always marketable. Then
there are the guavas, used quite ex-
tensively for jelly and paste, in spite
of their odor. In the lower areas along
the Ridge-that is, near lakes and
along the mucky areas-there are
some very excellent vegetables pro-
Mr. Louis Alsmeyer, Highlands
County Agent, has chemically pre-
served many of these miscellaneous
fruits. It is the desire of everyone
interested in chemical preservation of
fruits to know how Mr. Alsmeyer
does this, but he will not reveal the
secret. He has won first prizes year
after year with them at the Tampa
Fair. You may see many of them on
display in his office in the court
house in Sebring. It is a special hob-
by with him, and a mighty valuable
one, too.

We could go on telling you of the
Ridge, with its spots of beauty, such
as Highlands Hammock State Park,
the Bok Tower which is located on
the highest hill in the State, and the
Mall down main street in Avon
Park. They are a part of agriculture.
They make the Ridge.
But may we summarize what we
have said in a few statements. The
Ridge is the up and coming agricul-
tural area of the State of Florida. It
is worth millions of dollars in citrus,
cattle, miscellaneous fruits, and
vegetables. More and more people
are investing here, and more people
are settling here, due to the agricul-
tuial resources and possibilities.
Truly, there exists no more outstand-
ing section of the State of Florida
than the Ridge.
A salute to the Ridge-its people-
its products.

Two old maids were discussing
Asked one, "Which would you de-
sire most in a husband: brains, wealth
or appearance?"
"Appearance," the other replied.
"and the sooner the better."
-Agricultural Leader's Digest.

Shonnung, a Chinese emperor who
lived about 2800 B. C., said, "The
well-being of a people is like a tree:
agriculture is its roots, manufacture
and commerce are its branches and
life; if the root is injured, the leaves
fall, the branches break away, and
the tree dies.'
-Canadian Forest and Outdoors.

A farmer once called his cow
She seemed such an amiable hephyr:
But when he drew near,
She bit off his ear
And now he is very much dephyr.

Maybe the wording should be
changed from "what is this world
coming to" to "when is this world
coming to."



Our striking front cover page was
made possible through the kindness of
the United States Sugar Corporation
of Clewiston. The cut was supplied
through Mr W H Lanier who went
out of his way in courtesy and en-
couragement to enable us to print
this magnificent harvesting scene. In
Clewiston the United States Sugar
Corporation operates the largest
sugar mill in the United States. The
1935 estimated value of the commer-
cial sugar cane crop in Florida was
$2,706,704. It has been estimated
that there are over two million acres
in the Florida Everglades suitable to
sugar cane culture. The fact that the
Florida sugar quota is restricted by
government regulations prevents more
rapid expansion in this phase of the
State's present agricultural possibi-

By Bill Fletcher

EDITOR'S NOTE: Reprinted by per-
mission from the first issue of the
N. E. S. News.
For centuries man has kept bees in
captivity, and many hundreds of
books have been written about their
cunning. I say bees are the biggest
fools in the world.
Since earliest times, bees have been
the slaves of man. They live in the
most humble shelters-no windows,
and very little fresh air. Sanitary
conditions are terrible; literally thou-
safids of bees are confined to a very
small space.
Now it wouldn't be so bad if just
a few smart people could fool these
insects, but all peoples-from the
Africans and the Germans even unto
the Americans-keep these devilish
insects under their power.
"As busy as a bee," shout the dic-
tators to their millions of subjects
working day and night. Day in and
day out the bees are frantically bring-
ing and storing up food, having no
thoughts of birth control at all. "Bees,
bees, bees," they shout, "so we can
rob our weaker neighbor bees." "Men,
men, men," shouts Hitler, "so I can
overpower weaker Poland and get
her wheat." What happens? A mere
man picks up a year's work of the
busy bees and takes it for his own
use. A mere man takes the years'
work of many civilized men and sub-
jects it to his will.What did the bees

accomplish? Nothing. Will they
reform next year? No, these fools will
do it again; they were doing it in
1914 and 1917, and they are doing
it again in 1939 and 1941.
You see, a bee can't think. There
is a strain of bees named after the
Germans-they are the meanest bets
in the world, and will go out of their
way looking for some means by which
they can cause other beings pain and
discomfort. Italian bees are only
slightly better: they can do things
only in massed numbers, and at the
slightest provocation they turn up
their heels and flee. Give me the
Caucasian bee; the pure and whole-
some type without the yellow streak
-the kind that caps the honey cells
a pure white instead of a gummy
yellow; they are fighters, yes, but
only when greatly angered.
However, bees are smarter in some
ways than certain other animals.
They fight only for the sweeter things
in life, and never for a hard metal,
called gold, which these certain ani-
mals store in the hills of Kentucky.
Instead, they fight for something that
all in the hive can share equally when
hunger appears.
Yes, bees are such fools.

The two fundamental principles of
soil management are control of soil
moisture and maintenance of fertili-

E_ -






perennial student, has wound up as
S.Citrus Grove Inspector for the Flor-
ida State Plant Board; yes, he has
wound up, but just wait until he un-
winds and starts to move.

JOHN R. BUTLER is teacher of
vocational agriculture at Fort Myers
'High School; he may be reached at
*1917 Poinciana Ave., Ft. Myers.
Statistician for the Federal Land
Bank in Columbia, South Carolina.
Citrus Inspector at Leesburg; he
married Peggy Van Dyke of Tampa
in December, 1940.
ROBERT C. BAILEY is stationed
'at Fort Benning, Georgia; 29th In-
fantry, US Army.

GUILFORD T. SIMS is doing re-
search work for the M. S. degree on
the American Cyanamid Fellowship
here at the University of Florida.
Since his graduation he has been con-
nected at various times with the Suni-
Citrus Products Co., the State Fruit
Inspection Laboratory, and the Lake
Region Packing AssociatiAon.
KENNETH CLARK is teacher of
vocational agriculture at Trenton and
Bell; he was married last June to the
former Miss Virginia Brown of

Florida's Leading Seed
Vegetable, flower and field crop
seed, bred and developed especially
for Florida growing conditions.
Kilgore's large "1941 Catalog"
and Kilgore's new "Flower Guide
for Florida" now available. Both of
these books sent free upon request.
General Offices & Mail Order Dept.
Twelve Kilgore Stores Serving
Plant City, Belle Glade, Pahokee,
Miami, Gainesville, Homestead,
SPalmetto, Pompano, Sanford, Vero
Beach, Wauchula, West Palm

DWIGHT LUCAS is manager of
the Orlando branch of the Wilson-
Toomer Fertilizer Company. He is
married and has two children.
ARTHUR M. McNEELY, who will
be remembered as Business Manager
of the Florida College Farmer in
1936-37, is the proud father of a
daughter born on January 29; Brad-
enton is his present home.
WAYNE DEAN is special Vigoro
representative for the Swift and C .
fertilizer works in Miami. Wayne was
married last summer; he is now set-
tled at 2780 N. W. Sixth Street, Mi-
CHARLES D. KIME, JR., is soil
analyst for the Alcoma Citrus Corp-
oration, Lake Wales. He received the
M. S. A. degree from the University
of Florida in August, 1940.
PAUL BROWN HUFF is working
on the white-fringed beetle project at
New Orleans, Louisiana; he may be
reached at 4425 Bienville Avenue.

ALFRED H. GUY is teacher of
vocational agriculture at Knightdale,
North Carolina.

KENT S. LITTIG is working with
the Bureau of Entomology and Plant
Quarantine, U. S. D. A., on white-
fringed beetle control, technical unit,
at Gulfport, Mississippi. He has been
active in the field of photography in
relation to insect control.

been county agent of Suwannee Co-
unty at Live Oak since 1934.

He only has the right to criticize
who has the strength to help.
-Agricultural Leader's Digest.

Sound thinking is common sense;
Common sense is horse sense;
Horse sense is stable thinking.

A seed is a small plant packed for

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423 W. University Ave.




By John Faustini
In the spring a young man's fancy
-you guessed it-turns to thoughts
of the Rodeo. Just around the corner
is that time of each year when the
Block and Bridle Club and its many
far-spread supporters again feel the
urge of "The Agricultural Exposition
Day," as Dr. Senn suggested it be
called. Most of us know about the
Rodeo, Livestock Show, and Agricul-
tural Fair, but for those who have
not as yet been informed let us see
how it all began.
Let's go back to the time when a
group of young enthusiasts in the
Animal Husbandry Department of
the Agricultural College gathered
together to form a club known as
the Toreador Club. Under an after-
noon sun 'way back in '31' the Club
held a Livestock and Mutt (dog)
Show down near the radio station.
A few years later the Show had clim-
bed in social status and it was made
a night affair so that more people
could find the time to attend the
Livestock Show and Rodeo.
Thru the cooperation of business-
men, the Agricultural College, and
especially the Animal Husbandry
Department, the annual event grew
to such proportions that in 1938 it
was staged in the University Stadium
before an estimated audience of 5,000
people. It was in this same year that
the old Toreador Club took another
long step forward in becoming affili-
ated with the National Block and
Bridle Club.
Last year approximately 12,000
people attended the Rodeo, Livestock
Show, and Agricultural Fair; con-
trast this with the meager number
of 150 who attended the Show nine
years before.
Not only does the Block and Bridle
Club sponsor the Livestock Show and
Rodeo each year, but it also numbers
among the varied activities which
make up the year's program events
such as the livestock judging contest,
steak frys, and many interesting
guest speakers.
Last year Alpha Zeta, honorary
agricultural fraternity, added another
big attraction to the Show in the
form of an Agricultural Fair, which
promises to be better than ever this
April 19 has been set as the date
for this year's "Agricultural Exposi-
tion Day." Everyone is invited to at-
tend the educational and entertaining
events of this big Livestock Show,
Rodeo, and Agricultural Fair.

In proportion to the area occupied
there is no part of a farm more val-
uable than a home garden.


By John Rawls

Students representing the 4-H Club
of the Florida State College for Wo-
men and members of the Agricultural
Club of the University of Florida
met in a joint Rural Youth Confer-
ence February 28-March 1 to discuss
the central theme: "What Should Be
a Program for Youth in Light of the
Present World Situation?" The con-
ference received state-wide recogni-
tion for the mE:-e:: in which it was
handled and for the clear thinking
which was ably demonstrated by both
The Conference was preceded by
the arrival of the girls from Talla-
hassee Friday night at the C. L. 0.
-House where they were the guests of
thc me:nbers of that organization for
the week-end. Immediately after the
girls had arrived, they were the guests
of honor at a get-together dance
which took place at the A. G. R.
House under the sponsorship of the
Agricultural Club. Both faculty
members and students participated in
the gaiety of the occasion; the dance
turned out to be a superb ice-breaker.
H. Harold Hume, Dean of the
College of Agriculture, welcomed the
guests to the University of Florida
campus at nine o'clock Saturday
morning at the opening of the Con-
ference. Miss Mary E. Keown, State
Home Demonstration Agent, respond-

ed for the group from Tallahassee.
Following the formal opening of the
Conference, Dr. C. A. Cobb, out-
standing agricultural leader from
Atlanta, Georgia, gave the keynote
address using "World Conditions" as
his subject. A round-table discussion
of the Conference theme occupied the
remainder of the day. Dr. James O.
Howard of the U. S. Department of
Agriculture played an important part
in the success of the Conference by
acting as leader of the discussion in
which members of both clubs took
an active part.
The Agricultural Club entertained
at an open-air steak fry Saturday
night. After the steak fry, everyone
was transported to Lake Wauberg
where entertainment in the form of
a dance was provided by Alpha Zeta
honorary agricultural fraternity.
The Rural Youth Conference was a
definite success in that it gave young
men and women of rural inclinations
the opportunity to discuss rural pro-
blems as they confront youth and
enabled them to determine ways
which might be used to shape their
education and activities toward prac-
tical solution of these problems. A
definite program was accepted by the
Conference: to encourage wider use
of discussion groups, and to enlighten
public opinion as to the advantages
of the basic principles of democracy.


Since corn constitutes about half
of the total farm acreage in Florida,
,the release of a new, high yielding
'yellow corn variety by the Experiment
Station will be of interest to corn
growers. Seed of Florident Yellow
(companion variety of Florident
White which was released some time
ago) recently developed at the North
Florida Experiment Station at Quin-
cy, is now on sale for the first time;
this new variety is best suited to the
central and northern parts of the
Yields of Florident Yellow are as

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high as those of the best prolific vari-
eties; for the last five years it has
averaged better taan 24 bushels per
acre at Gainesville and 35 bushels per
acre at Quincy. Field selections along
certain lines has resulted in a yellow
variety that has outstanding stalk
strength as evidenced by the fact that
a high percentage of the stalks are
still upright at harvest-time. The
prolific, medium-dent corn has medi-
um-sized ears covered with long,
tight husks which help to protect the
ear against weevils and corn ear

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an end

/ Fertilizer


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About without worry.
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Sizer. NACO Fertilizers
give such uniformly
good results that farm'
ers cross this worry off their list when
they apply NACO to their crops.
and ease of mind...they bring results.

1 mi tOt 116 /1



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You may be told that other Fertilizers are a little
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