Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00036
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00036
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text


By Clint Brandon

By Gene Boyles


By John Bethea

raT jo.b



By Terry Drake



Published by Agricultural Students
at the University of Florida
Vol. January, 1941 No. 2


Florida's Leading Seed
Vegetable, flower and field crop
seed, bred and developed especially
for Florida growing conditions.
Kilgore's large "1941 Catalog"
and Kilgore's new "Flower Guide
for Florida" now available. Both of
these books sent free upon request.
General Offices & Mail Order Dept.
Twelve Kilgore Stores Serving
Plant City, Belle Glade. Pahokee,
Miami, Gainesville, Homestead,
Palmetto, Pompano, Sanford, Vero
Beach, Wauchula, West Palm

It seems that the draft board is
not entirely satifsactory; just look at
all the folks who have caught colds
since it was set up.

McCORMICK: Know how to keep a
horse from drooling.?
ATWATER: No, I don't-
McCORMICK: Teach him to spit.

Flowers are more beautiful than
kind deeds, but flowers die.


Fire prevention in Florida pays
dividends. Forest Service statistics
indicate that over 20,000 acres of
Florida land need protection against
forest fires. 1,300,000 acres of this
total, comprising the Florida National
Forests, were intensively protected in
1939 by the federal government, while
4,500,000 acres received as great a_
degree of protection by State and
private agencies cooperating with the
federal government under the Clarke
McNary Law as available funds per-
In 1939 only seven-tenths of one
per cent of the federally protected
forest land burned, with a loss of $9,-
980. Of the lands under less intense
cooperative protection by State and
private agencies, 2.77 per cent burn-
ed with an estimated loss of $190,000
The unprotected forests suffered sev-
erely; over 40 per cent (more than
6,500,000 acres) burned with an esti-
mated loss of nearly $10,000.000.
These preventable fire losses must
be stopped if Florida's forests are to
fulfill their destiny of providing for-
est products, controlling water, con-
serving wild-life, and affording re-
creation for our present and future





Nothing added just the pure juices with their natural

flavors and food values.

Packed by a NEW process that gives you canned citrus

juices that taste like the fresh fruit juices themselves!


Dunedin, Florida

In Florida, because of the absence
of extended cold periods and the
lack of snowfall, there are no distinct.
forest fire seasons during the year;
however, since burning-off is a com-
mon practice throughout most of the
state, fires usually occur in early
spring and late summer.
In 1939, 97 per cent of Florida's
forest fires were man-caused. Incen-
diary woods-burners were responsible
for the great majority of them; minor
causes included smokers, brush-burn-
ers, railroad trains, campers, and
Forest fire prevention can be ac-
complished by teaching more effici-
ent, more economical utilization of
our present, and our future, natural
forest resources; and by the allocation
of sufficient funds to adequately pro-
tect our forest lands.
The pros and cons of burning-off
have been discussed and argued over
for years and years. As far as can be
determined from the very few ex-
periments which have been carried
on to decide the question, the practice
of burning-off has no deleterious ef-
fect on the fertility of the soil which
is burned over; however, young trees
which may be in the process of grow-
th are killed and their future use is
eliminated. It seems that the final
decision resolves itself into the ques-
tion, "am I primarily interested in
grass or trees?" If improved grazing
is the main object in view, then burn-
ing-off may be justified; but it seems
that burning-off is wasteful in the
long run because by practicing it a
land-owner foregoes the opportunity
of obtaining the maximum returns
from a given piece of land. Can a way
be figured out so that we can have
our cake and eat it too? Perhaps
President Roosevelt will be able to
help us out in this matter; he seems
to be unusually adept at finding a
way around obstacles.
Public cooperation in the campaign
for mor liberal appropriations for
protecting the forests of our State is
another way to cut down losses due to
forest fires. Certainly, it is another
one of those insurance schemes, but
it works. Although fire protection
costs money, it is money well-spent.
The loss from one acre burned over
would have sufficed to protect that
acre for a good many years. Up to a
point the adequacy of fire prevention
and suppression is directly proport-
ional to the amount of money per acre
available for equipment and man-
A wide-awake prevention program
nays dividends in the long run.






Picking4 Jom ihe patch


Our unusual front cover was made
possible through the kindness of Mr.
V. W. Lewis, general livestock ag-
ent for the Atlantic Coast Line Rail-
road. These first-race photograph,
appeared as illustrations in the little
folder that publicized tne livestock
development special which was opera-
ted by the Atlantic Coast Line Rail-
road. We appreciate the helping-hand
which has been extended to us so
readily by the Atlantic Coast Line
Railroad, and sincerely thank Mr
Lewis for the part he played in pro-
ducing so effective a cover page.

SON: Dad, what is a thorough-
DAD: A thoroughbred, son, is an
ordinary cow after she has been hi.:
by a train.

LINDSEY: That fellow yelling his
lungs out is just like my old sow.
ROBINSON: How's that?
LINDSEY: Well, they both root
for their team. (Editor's note-for
those who don't get the p'int: a team
can also mean a brood of pigs.)

2J/e / lorida


The Florida College Farmer is of-
fering three keys this year as awards
for the three best contributions to this
magazine. The first award key is
really something to work for, al-
though the other two keys are none
the less desirable.
Any type of article, and even poetry
with an agricultural theme is eligible
for consideration in the competition.
The judges who will select the award
winners are: Dean H. H. Hume, Dr.
H. S. Wolfe, Mr. J. F. Cooper, Prof.
C. H. Willoughby, Dr. E. A. Zieg
ler, and Dr. E. L. Fouts.

Does it have a magnetic personali-
ty? the livestock development special
train, which completed a twenty-eight
day educational tour of the State ear-
ly last December, must have had
something because it certainly drew
them in. The average number of
visitors per stop was 1,288; the big-
gest turn-out for any one stop was
3,027-in St. Petersburg. An amaz-
ing total of 68,268 persons visited the
train. Education on a large scale!



Published by representatives of Student Organizations
College of Agriculture University of Florida


Joe Heitzman
Robert C. Morris
Terry, Drake
Arthur Ellis

Managing Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor

Clint Brandon Business Manager
Floyd Eubanks Assistant Business Manager
Eric Mills, Jr. Circulation Manager
Wilson Suggs Advertising Manager
John Campbell, Clint Brandon, Floyd Eubanks, Seth Plank

E. A. Zie

H. S. Wolfe, Chairman
gler E. L. Fouts C. H. W:


Entered -as second class mailing matter at the Post Office
at University Station, Gainesville. Florida, December 8,
1938. under Act of Congress of 1879. Advertising rates
furnished upon request. Published four times during the
school year in November, January, March and May.
Subscription Price Fifty Cents.


The first issue of the N. E. S.
News has been distributed; it has been
dedicated to the graduate members
of the Newell Entomological Society.
The N. E. S. News IS news; never
has such a student publication been
undertaken and published on this
campus. We hope that this first issue
will be looked back upon with pride
in the years to come, and that an un-
broken strings of gems like this issue
will continue to appear.
The first issue of the N. E. S.
News compares favorably with other
similar publications throughout the
country. If it continues to be issued
during the school years to come,
there's not a doubt in the world about
its future position among the other
college entomological publications; it
will be as good as the best of them.
In this issue humorous and serious
material is put together in such a
way that a varied, yet balanced mag-
azine results. On tne humorous side
is Bill Fletcher, who says that bees
are the biggest tools in the world,
and Frank Lee, who thinks hush
puppies "tit for the gods." Seriousness
is provided by such articles as Nor-
man Hayslips; he begins his article
with a bang by saying, "Progress is
the theme of the American people."
Also on the sane and serious side is
Lowell Slagle's finely-executed minia-
ture on termite control.
Urchids to you, Jack Rogers.


All of us believe in the necessity of
cooperation between agricultural in-
terests m order to gain a fair share
of our national wealth and happiness.
We have heard about it, read about
it, and talked about it; but we have
not practiced what we preached.
,,very good thing has a small be-
ginning; agricultural cooperation is
no exception to this rule. In order to
be cooperating agriculturists in the
future, we must be cooperating stud-
ents now. Let's pull together

I had rather be a "Could-Be"
If I couldn't be an "Are"
For a "Could Be" is a "May-Be"
With a chance of reaching par.
I had rather be a "Has-Been"
Than a "Might-Have Been," by far-
For a "Might-Have-Been has never
And the "Has-Been" was once an







AJL4-J/orda 4eel

Several centuries ago, when Florida
was settled, the Spaniards brought a
few cattle into Florida. Gradually
these cattle increased in number, and
spread to various parts of the then
unsettled State. These cattle became
adjusted to the adverse range condi-
tions such as inferior pastures, the
cattle tick, and mineral deficiencies;
in short, they became rustlers in order
to live.
Today, we still have these Spanish,
or native, cattle on the great ranges
of the State of Florida. Because of
their rustling ability and adaptation
to our climatic conditions, they are
of inestimable value.
If these native cattle are such good
rustlers, they why aren't we satisfied
with them? The answer is that the
quality of the beef which they pro-
duce isn't high enough for us to sit
back and accept them without some
Then the question arises: why not
get purebred cattle and get rid of the
native stock altogether? There! We're
getting to that: purebred cattle will
not thrive so well on the Florida
open range, unless they are given
special care and the range is improv-
ed. The truth is that they will not
prove as profitable under these ad-
verse conditions as will the native
cattle. That, then, is the reason why
we do not just up and get all pure-
bred cattle without further hesitancy.
Then you may ask, "What is so
drastically wrong with the Florida
range?" There are several things
wrong. First, the general quality and
palatability of the native grasses on
unimproved range are not suitable
throughout the year for the purebred
stock, nor for native cattle for that
matter. Unless they happen to be of
a rustling type, they do not thrive on

By W. Clint Brandon

this usually unpalatable grass; this
is especially true during the winter
months. Second, the mineral defici-
encies of the soil likewise create a
deficiency of the same elements in
the grass growing upon the soil. The
cattle eating this grass fall to get the
required minerals, and develop dise-
ases and other malsymptoms as a re-
sult. This, fortunately, can be easily
corrected by licks distributed over the
These factors, among others un-
mentioned, have been the drawback0
to the Florida cattle industry. They
have prevented the quahty of Flor-
ida's beef from comparing favorably
with the beef of other states. They
have hindered the increased produc-
tion in Florida; they have kept down
profits in Florida's cattle industry.
Thanks be, the Florida cattlemen
have not become resigned to the idea
of raising native stock only! They are
doing things to definitely put this
state on the cattle map as the number
two state in the nation in the pro-
duction of beef cattle. There are two
very important factors that have
contributed more than any other
things to the upbuilding of the in-
dustry in Florida. First, the know-
ledge of grading-up; second the part
the Agricultural Adjustment Admin-
istration has played in the improve-
ment of pastures in Florida.
Through grading-up, you get near-
er the purebred type in quality of
beef, desired confirmation, size of
animal, and price for the meat, while
at the same time, you are getting the
thriftiness, which is necessary, from
the native stock. Still with all this
great improvement and adaptability
of the adverse conditions, you need
better ranges.

Now we have it boiled down to this:
The improved pasture, so fostered and
paid for by the government under the
Agricultural Adjustment Administra-
tion, is a Godsend to the Florida cat-
tlEmen. It pays cattlemen to plant
grasses such as Bermuda, carpet, and
Bahia, for pasturage. Before this was
undertaken by the AAA, there were
scarcely any improved pastures in
Florida, and there were few cattle,
other than native, over the Florida
ranges. Today, through the untiring
efforts of the AAA, there are thous-
ands upon thousands of acres of im-
proved grasses in the State, to take
the places of the old cut-throat, pal-
metto, and scrub which would support
practically nothing. Purebred cattle
can thrive on these improved pastur-
es. You see purebred bulls of various
breeds running with the native cows
and you are seeing more well-bred
native cows running on the ranges.
In the future, the very near future,
you will see even more purebred cows
as the ranges improve. All these im-
provements have come through the
co-operation of the Florida people
with the AAA.
What does this mean?Simply this:
the AAA has played a major role in
bringing a better grade of beef to
Florida. It has helped in a big way
to elevate Florida toward its coveted
goal of number two ranking among
the nation's cattle producing states.
It has brought progress and profit to
the industry in this State. No longer
do we produce only native beef. No
longer do the choicy consumers have
to call for Western steak to get
quality! They can get top quality beef
right here at home in FLORIDA
BEEF, the name that should an I will
be used to designate this improved


p -



Bicayo- eeat ow

By Gene Boyles

EDITOR'S NOTE: genial Gene Boy-
les really went to town (Chicago);
not only was he our official repres-
entative at the Swift and Company
short course and the annual national
convention of the Block and Bridle
Club, but he also unofficially re-
presented our College of Agriculture
at the International Livestock Show,
the 4-H Club Congress, and other big
agricultural doin's. It seems to us
that it was to his credit that he
hitch-hiked there and back, although
he did not mention it in his account
of the trip. Loads of congratulations
Lu you, Gene!

Chicago, the Windy City! A mos'
appropriate name because on one
Sunday morning, along about Dec. -,
chilly blasts from Lake Michigan and
oodles of snow greeted this stray
from the Sunshine State. As winner
of the Swift and Company College
Essay Contest, I was scheduled to at -
tend a short course on 'The MarKec-
ing of Lvestock" which was to be
held at the Chicago center of Swift
and Company on December 8-11. i
was overjoyed when the Florida Chap-
ter of the National Block and Bridle
Club named me as delegate to the
luncheon and annual convention of
the national organization.
Monday morning found me at the
huge International Amphitheatre
where I viewed a portion of the 13,-
000 animals exhibited there by breed-
ers and feeders from 32 states and
three Canadian provinces. First,
watched the four rings of cattle be-
ing judged in the Amphitheatre-it
was an impressive sight with Angus,
Hereford, and Shorthorn breeding
classes all being judged in th e sams
ring. Usually there are more than 30
entries in a class, so you can easily.
see that it requires an expert to judge
the merits of each individual entry
and pull the winners out of the bag.
The Grand Champion Steer Award
is the highest, and most lucrative,
honor that can be obtained at th.?
Exposition. Each year more than 1,-
000 steers are shown in competition
for this award. This year an eight-
een-year-old 4-H Club girl, Evelyn
Asay of Mt. Carroll, Illinois, won
this award with a Hereford which
later sold at $3.30 per pound to the
Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
It was really an education to see the
quality of the steers exhibited th.-
showmanship of the exhibitors, and
the methods used by the judges in
their selection of the champions.

Other features of the exhibition
were the many educational exhibits
such as: "Meat on the March," show-
ing the different cuts of meat and
their place in the daily menu; the
use of lard; representative grasses
of the United States and their value;
proven protein supplements for swine
buying and selling feeder steers; con-
trolling erosion; and the value of
land use planning.
The National Block and Bridle
Club convention was educational, en-
tertaining, and inspirational. Dr
George Hart of California, past presi
dent of the American Soceety ot
Animal Production, gave a stirring ,
address. Tlhe National Block a n
Bridle Club is serving a very definite
need in the coordination of the ac-
tivities of the local chapters wh.ch Ir,
turn are producing better-equippeiu
men in the field of animal husbandry.
The success with which the organiza-
lion is operating is evidenced by tne
faci that its membership in Lhe Un-
ited States numbers 25 clubs.
During this week there were more
than forty-odd meetings of national
pedigree associations and agricultural
societies. Besides attending the an-
nual luncheon of the Block and
Bridle Club, I took part in the an-
nual meeting of the United Duroc
Record Association, of which organic.
zation I am a junior member. At thi-,
meeting the subject of "Advancea
Registry of Swine" was brought up;
this system is rapidly gaining in
popularity as a measure of the per-
formance of hogs.
The convention which attracted th"
largest attendance was the National
4-H Club Congress-to it went over
1,700 outstanding boys and girls who
had come from more than forty
states. While they were in Chicago
the 4-H Club members were enter-
tained by many people and organiza-
tions. A sight never to be forgotten
is the parade of the clubsters, who
represent one and a half million rural
boys and girls, in the arena during
one of the evening shows at the
Thirty-five colleges were represen-
ted at the Swift and Company short
course on "The Marketing of Live-
stock." The opening meeting, which
was conducted by Mr. T. G. Chase
of Swift and Company's public re
lations department, brought out the
fact that the meat-packing industry
must do a large volume of business
and utilize all possible by-products
so as to operate efficiently and

economically; it is possible for a na-
tional packing concern to exist be-
cause of the fact that two-thirds of
he meat produced in the United
States comes from west of the Miss-
issippi River, while two-thirds of the
meat is consumed east of the Miss-
At the afternoon meeting and the
discussion meeting on Monday morn-
ing buying methods and principles
were discussed with special reference
to consumer preference, the anticipa-
tion of market demand, and the ef-
fect of holidays on demand. Few
people realize the magnitude of the
meat-packers' operations and their
relation to poultry and dairy pro-
ducts. Butter is handled by the meat-
packer because of the problem of dis-
tribution from areas of over-produc-
tion to areas of underproduction.
Poultry products came to be handled
by the meat-packer because he could
use his same systems of collection,
sales, and distribution to much bet-
ter advantage.
Tuesday morning found us at the
loading desk when loads of products
were made up for shipment to vari-
ous branch houses. Among the pro-
blems studied were: distance of ship-
ping, filling cars, seasonal variations.
and handling of sales. Then I hau
the grand opportunity to go with the
hog buyer and see one of the season's
heaviest run of hogs-30,000 head;
Swift and Company bought about a
fourth of that run.
Probably the most interesting part
of the course was the tour of the
plant which we made that afternoon.
We were taken through the beef,
pork, and lamb operations from the
killing of the animal to ihe wrapping
of the finished product, and as we
went through we observed the many
processes which were used in handl-
ing. We were then taken to the
wool-pulling rooms, the hide cellars,
and various other places where we
saw by-products of the packing in_
I returned to Florida, tired but
happy, a much better informed stu-

Ring around the bathtub,
Fourteen inches high.
Four and twenty boarders,
All as sore as I.
When the door is opened,
The bird that leaves the ring
Is going to be as sad a sight
As the guy who used to sing.
-Yale Record.




or eir

With the ring of hard steel against
the slash pine log as the ax bit deep-
er into the heart of the wood the
Forestry Club opened iLs fourth an-
nual Field Day. The scene of thc
Field Day was the Austin Cary
Memorial Forest winch contains wenl
over 2,000 acres of second growth
pine. The Forest has been unaer firc
protection for four years, and it has
a good covering of wire grass through
which thousands of little slasii ant1
long leaf pine seedling are oegnmnng
to raise their proud heads.
On the shores of Lake Mize, a
small lake located two miles inside
the Forest, is the campsite; tne pic-
nic shelter is located on Lhe south
side of he lake, and around this was
centered the Field Day activities.
Activities got under way at 3:00
o'clock with the first event of the
afternoon, the chain-throwing con-
test, a race against time. The con-
testant who could take up the taps
and lay it out again in the shortest
time would be declared winner.
Several times the chain became un.
ruly and wrapper itself around a pro-
spective winner to the delight of the
The log-bucking contest had hardly

By John Bethea
gotten up steam when the micro-
phones of Station WRUF were turn-
ed in the direction of the Field Day
activities which were then broadcast
by remote control. The announcer'
colorfully described the activities in
progress after which Forestry Club
president John Bethea, Dr. Newins,
and Dean Hume gave short talks on
the Field Day and Forest Fire Pro-
tection Week.
During the broadcast, Lhe announ-
cer gave an interesting hair-oy-hail
description of Garrnet HIckman be-
ing shaved with a double-bit ax. Th:
man wielding the ax was the burley
man-of-the-woods "Paul Bunyan"
Criss, the representative of the Kelly
Ax and Tool Company.
The contests followed the broadcast
in rapid fire succession with contes-
tants competing in log-chopping, dia-
meter-judging, height-judging, pac-
ing for distance, the tally contest
and other events. When the smoke
of battle had cleared away, and the
participants were sitting back breath
ing the cool evening breeze which
comes floating through the trees
with the setting sun, the judges came
out of the huddle with the score shee.:
and the high point man of the day

Dr. Austin Cary-For Whom The Forest Was Named

was none other than the man witn
the smooth-shaven face, Garrne
The Field Day was climaxed by 2
barbecue supper, as has bean done
in former years, during the course
of which were served about a hund
red foresters and guests. To a genui-
ne forester there is no setting Lu
perfect, no scene so beautiful, as a
camp-fire burning slowly in the
night while in the shadows beyond
the ring of fire-light the tall trees risc
like dark statues into the heavens
And so it was after the big feast was
over. Everyone s tting around in a
large circle singing in a forest wa~
a picture that can be seen only by
living and feeling the thoughts of
After the singing Dr. Newins aw-
arded the prizes to the contest win-
ners. These prizes which were dona-
ed by the Kelly Ax and Tool Comp-
any, the Council Tool Company, and
the Container Corporation of Ameri_
ca, included various types of axes
fire rakes, and brush hooks, and a
leather brief case.
Elmore Godfrey then read a poem
describing the lives and though of
the western lumberjacks. The Field
Day program came to a reluctant
close with "Paul Bunyan" Criss, who
told two of his favorite tall stories.


Jack Dyer, 16 year old Lake Butler
high school senior, is 1940 champion
mrea animal producer among the
Florida 4-H club boys, it is announc-
ed by R. W. Blacklock, state boys
club agent with the agricultural Ex-
tension service. He has just been aw-
arded a $50 gold watch donated by
Thomas E. Wilson.
Jack has eight beef calves, one
barrow, two sows and 23 pigs this
year, in his herds. During the seven
years in which he has been enrolled
in the 4-H club he has raised corn
and chickens in addition to beef cattle
and hogs, and has improved his lands
by planting crotalaria. His projects
during the seven years have had a
total value of $4,478.21.
Jack is now vice-president of the
Lake Butler club and has served
as president two years and secretary
and reporter one year each. He has
been a leader in all club activities.

Some cotton yarn is so fine that
one pound of it contains fifty miles
of yarn.





*Wilmer Bassett wh3
majored in agricul-
tural economics and
graduated from the
University of Flor-
ida College of Agri-
culture in 1937 has
taken over the duties of assistant
Boy's 4-H Club Agent for the Stata
of Florida.
As a 4-H Club boy in his young-
er days, he was recognized to be one
of the most outstanding members of
the organization in this state; hi3
4-H Club work was followed by
training in the College of Agriculture.
While he was in college, he amassed
an outstanding record of achieve-
ments and honors. His work in coi.
lege politics, agriculture, religious ac
tivities, as well as his scholarship leit

Here's A Novel Idea

On the Davis Farm located in
ILawamoa County, Mississippi, ex-
periments in controlling the soil and
water on the land by means of vee-
snaped ditches have been carried on.
AtLer several years ol experiiiien-
ing with terraces, it was iound na.
level vee-shaped alLcnes tne wiutn o0
a corn row, spaced like terraces,
gave very good results.
All Lhe fields were balanced wicih
these ditches whicn were given a
vertical drop between tnem of no.
more than four feet on aiauy land or
aoucu three feet on rolling land.
ile upper banK ol eaci atLnl wao
utaoed io prevent soil and water
i1um tilling the ditcn during neavy
lim iaea, uvhicl was Lanen trim
niiiagazine Au-Kit.ULix URAL A N-
.rnthxii1nlll, ought to nave possiou-
liLles ,n west Florida wnere the pio-
emrn ot soil erosion is naving Lo bw
iaced in certain or the neavy-soi,

An old cracker wa s.&ming in the
waiting room of the bus station;
irom his mouth projected a corn-cob
the agent courteously poinLed out
the "no smoking" sign over the door.
'ihe old rube said, "I be not a-
"But you have a p.pe in you"
mouth," the agent parried.
"Sure," said the old fellow, "and I
got boots on my fee., but I be not

behind a list of achievements in many
fields that even Julius Caesar would
envy. In 1936-37 he was editor o'
the Florida College Farmer. His
school work was climaxed by his
election to membership in the Blue
Key, honorary service fraternity.
After graduation from college,
Wilmer Bassett became very promi-
nent as assistant county agent and
4-H Club leader in Lake County.
More recently, he received a $1,000
fellowship to the U. S. D. A. in
Washington, D. C.; this fellowship
was awarded by the national commit-
tee on boys' and girls' 4-H club work.
Certainly a man of this record,
who has already accomplished so
much, is very capable of handling
the duties of this important position.
Truly, he is an alumnus of whom we
may well be proud.

Bronco Bill. The Buster

I'm Bronco Bill from over the hill
Said Bronco Bill the buster
When skunks I spill, I shoot to kill
Said Bronco Bill the buster.

I build corrals, and smash cabals
I kiss the gals and swat their pals
Said Bronco Bill the buster.

I'm Bronco Bill; I have a still
Said Bronco Bill the buster
I drink my fill of gin and swill
Said Bronco Blil the buster

I tell no lies, I pull no slys
The snotty guys, I black their eyes
I'm Bronco Bill the buster

I'm Bronco Bill without a frill
Said Bronco Bill the buster
I try my skill, I take my pill
Said Bronco Bill the buster

I have no ties, I ask no whys
But he who prys-there he lies
I'm Bronco Bill the buster

Ever since he kissed her in the
rain, she has called him her rain-

During the year 1939, Florida con-
sumed 32,000,000 pounds of butter;
about 31,500,000 pounds of this am-
ount was imported from other states.

No wonder a hen gets discouraged
at times; she never can find things
where she laid them.
-Hoard's Dairyman.


Wilmer Bassett Appointed Agent

Only 1% Bang's Disease

A recent report indicates that only
1.04 per cent of Florida cattle were
affected with Bang's disease during
the year ending June 1, 1940.
The eradication of Bank's disease,
which began on a systematic basis in
July, 1934, under combined federal
and state supervision, was patterned
after the bovine-tuberculosis-eradica-
tion campaign which was then mak-
ing rapid strides toward practical
eradication of that disease.
With the elimination of bovine
tuberculosis from many states, Bangs
disease gradually came in to take
over the number one position on the
national cattle disease front.
Before systematic eradication be-
gan estimated losses from Bang's
disease amounted to fully $50,000,000
annually. The principal causes of loss
were lowered production of cows and
high death rate of calves.
The disease was prevalent in prac-
tically every part of the United
States. Throughout the country as a
whole about 10 percent of all cattle
were affected, according to an of-
ficial estimate.
During the first year of the eradi-
cation campaign, which began in
August, 1934, about 22.9 per cent of
all the cattle in this State were af-
fected with Bang's disease; according
to the latest information, only about
one per cent of Florida cattle are

A. C. L. Awards Trip

R. W. Blacklock, State boys' club
agent with the Extension service, has
been notified by the Atlantic Coast
Line Railroad that it will again give
a free trip to the National Club Camp
in Washington next June to one boy
and one girl if the winners live in
counties served by the A. C. L.
The Camp is staged by the United
States Department of Agriculture.
Attendance is limited to the two out-
standing girls and two boys from
each state. In announcing the 1941
award, E. B. O'Kelley, ACL general
agricultural agent, expressed a desire
to encourage club work among rural
boys and girls in the state.
Evelyn Haynes of Pinellas and
David Littleton of Lake were award-
ed ACL trip last year.

Freshly drawn milk is .14-.18 per-
cent acid calculated as lactic acid.

The average butter-fat test of a
cow's milk will be a little higher if
she freshens in the fall because hot
weather is likely to lower the per-
centage of butter-fat in the milk.

The F. F. A. is the largest farm
boy organization in the world.






All of this war talk which is going
around seems to have lowered our
pacific gravity.

It is possible that Italy's boot, f
the German Army furnishes t h
muscular power inside it, may muster
sufficient strength to give the British
one last desperate kick.

It appears that a certain third-term-
er is making things hot for a certain

The pros and cons of the defense
program are universally under dis-
cussion; in the end it resolves itself
into that old question: on which
side of de fence are you.

The radio is a great dispeller of
prejudices: it allows us to hear the
propaganda from both sides.

A moonshine still is bad spirits in
the woods; a sunshine smile is good
spirits in the heart.


City folks have lots of fun-
They spend much time in play;
Country folks get lots of sun-
They're in the fields all day.

Burghers rest through day's delight,
And dance the night away;
Country folks need rest at night
From care-worn thoughts of day.

City folks have jobs and rent,
They live from day to day;
Country folks are confident
That strength lies in their way.

City sights are wonderful-
They take your breath away;
Country views are beautiful-
They make you want to pray.

Cities fine and high are where
I wouldn't like to stay;
Let me breathe the country air,
And live my life away.


Alpha Tau Alpha, national honor-
ary fraternity for vocational agricul-
ture students and teachers, initiated
nine new members on January 7. The
following men were chosen because
of their scholastic records: Henry
Folsom, Cecil Crutchfield, Charles
Wincey, Earl Rumpf, Herbert Brown,
Clint Brandon, Wade McCall, Billy
Wilbanks, and Robert Gunson.

Butter is approximately four-fifths
butterfat and one-seventh water.



By Clint Brandon

"Are you taking that citrus culture
under Professor Abbott ?-Then you'll
have to go on that four day field
trip down through the citrus section.
I had to go on that thing; I lived
through it, though-the whole pack
of us lived through it. Now if yod
just don't get too tired out and if you
can hold your eyes open, you'll have
a great trip. You'll learn about the
citrus industry all right. But let m'-
tell you, don't lag by the wayside."
So-o-o-, that's the build-up we got
in response to querys about the big
field trip in citrus culture. It is al-
ways the talk of the students takin,
citrus culture from one year to th,:
next. Some of the boys are enthusi-
astic about it, while others tell ol
having nightmares about the way
they rushed around.
We began our trip this year at the
regular period, which is four days
prior to the Christmas vacation. At
last the day came: Wednesday-and
what day it was! Before the cock
crew twice, we were headed down,
the Ocala highway, nine cars strong
with a total of fifty happy souls
occupying these said vehicles. Befor-
the same cock had crowed three times
we were standing behind the home
of a Mr. Billings, a grower of Lo-
well, Florida, waiting for him and the
sun to rise. To tell the truth, iu was
a sight to behold the gaping amaze-
ment on the faces of many of these
college boys who were for the first
time in their young and tender lives
observing a very unusual phenomen.
on: the rising of the big, red sun.
Just as soon as Mr. Billings came out
and finished dressing, we started
oopping the questions to him. When
we had gleaned Mr. Billings, of all
his knowledge, we shoved on to
greener fields.
Professor Abbott lead us on and
on. Curves, bumps, and red lights-
we took them all in a stride. At Ock
lawaha we saw the old Carney Grove
where the first Parson Brown orang-
es originated. Somewhere in the
middle of the country we stopped for
lunch at an outlying jerkwater; so
our fast hoofing wasn't all in vain
One of the Cone boys (I couldn't tell
which one) mumbled something ab
out a lunch fixed for a midget. In
the afternoon we visited probably th-,
best seedling grove in the state; it is
owned by Mr. Barnette of Tangerine.
The climax of the first day's visits
was the Dr. Phillips grove, packing
house, and canning plant in Orlando.
Up and away to Merritt's Island early
(as usual) Thursday morning. Every
one, including Professor Abbott
brought away specimens of Mr.
Whatley's superior Temple oranges

After leaving Merritt's Island, w1
travelled down the coast through the
Indian River citrus section which
produces fruit of excellent quality,
probably the best in the state. Dusl
found us in the grove of Mr. Arthut
Hill- "joking Arthur," we called
Friday morning's visit to the Flor-
ida Citrus Growers' Cooperative plant
in Lake Wales was perhaps the most
interesting stop on the entire trip.
We were divided into four groups
each of which was provided with a
guide to show it around the plant
which is supposed to be the large.
canning plant in the Un-ted Stats.
Never had we seen such true southern
hospitality as was shown us at the
Waverly Cooperative Packing House
at Waverly. We visited this plant,
saw everything in it, drank orange
juice on the house, and ate the bes;
meal of the trip with them.
Friday night was spent in th;
Haven Hotel in Winter Haven. By
this time most of the fellows Were
talking freely in their sleep, asking
the pH, yields, costs, and what not
about every grove from Maine to
Saturday morning Professor Ab-
bott was formally presented with a
shiny new G-man whistle, after that,
he never had to yell or clap hio
hands for attention-a blasL on the
whistle: magic. By three o'clock Sat-
urday afternoon we had visited all o0
the places on the schedule: groves.
packing houses, canning plants, a
nursery, a citrus pulp plant, Lhe Lak,
Alfred Experiment Stat.on, and a
mail order house. We had seen th:
northern citrus belt, the Indian River
area, and the ridge section. 'There-
upon we disbanded; the west and the
central Florida boys went north; the
south Florida boys went south. Sat.
urday, December 16, 1940! Christma:
holidays here we come!
"Say, fellow; been on that citrus
trip yet?" "Yep."

Two per cent of the gross Income
of industry goes back into research

PENNOCK: What happneed to the
butcher who backed into the meat-
FLETCHER: That's easy, he got -
little behind in his business.


138 W. Main Street South




OFFICERS, 1940-41

President, Harold Pritchard, Boon-
ville, Mississippi; First vice-presi-
dent, Roy H. Hunt, Vine Grove, Ky.;
Second vice-president, o rank Hill,
Montgomery, Vermont; Third vice-
president, Henrie LaMont Miller, East
Manti, Utah; Fourth vice-presidenL,
James Harley Gunter, Jr., Conway,
Texas; Student secretary, Earl El-
mer Walter, Starkweather, North


In the dairy cattle judging contest
at the national convention Lawrence
Owens of DeLand ranked second hig:I
in the United States in judging Hols-
The Florida Association of tne '.
F. A. won a bronze emblem n the
aLate Association Contest.
The Flagler Chapter, Floriua'.i
entry in the National Chapter Con-
test, received lionoraDle mention and
a .lu.00 cash award.
John Folks, Williston; Pnarl -iayns-
worth, Alacnua; and Boyd Willams,
ocala, received the American Farm
or uegree.

PALATKA-The Palatka F. F. A
Chapter has made arrangements to
buy, cooperatively, 4,000 baby chicks
and the necessary feed to produce
fryers. A group of 26 boys will parti-
cipate in the enterprise. Careful re-
cords will be kept by each boy. As a
reward for his efforts the individual
with the best record will receive 100
baby chicks. In addition to this, two
sacks of broiler mash will be given as
a second prize. As a result of this
contest there is a great deal of in-
terest and enthusiasm aroused in the

The annual parent-and-son banquet
of the Bushnell and Wildwood Chap-
ters was held on November 29 at the
State Farmer's Market in Bushnell
Mr. Dan McCarty, Speaker-Elect of
the State House of Representatives,
made the feature speech of the even-

GRACEVILLE Hill Bottoms, a
ienemocr of the Marianna Chapter,
.'. '. F. won a blue riboon and $6.00
in cash for his beef calf shown in the
West Florida Fair in Marianna. Oth-
er members won a total of $6.20 on
nens and eggs.
mond, State Senator-Elect, was the
main speaker at the regular meeting
of the Ponce de Leon Chapter, F. F
A., recently. He spoke on "National
Defense" and explained how eacn
farm boy can help to promote nation-
al defense.
MACCLENNY The members of
the Macclenny Chapter, F. F. A.,
recently were hosts to their mothers
at their regular meeting. A special
Mother's program was arranged for
this meeting.
SANFORD -The Seminole Chap-
ter, F. F. A., has opened the meat
curing plant owned by the chapter.
The plant, opening its 12th year, ha;
recently been completely remodeled
through the assistance of the N. Y.
A. The new concrete smoke house
has four times the capacity of the
former building. The school farm is
equipped to do any custom butcher-
ing for the farmers who desire it.
Profits accruing from the operation
of the plant go into the treasury foe
use by the chapter in its various ac-
LARGO The Largo Chapter, F.
F. A., recently held an ice cream
supper in honor of Dr. W. S. Walk-
er, honorary member of the chapter
who celebrated his 82nd birthday in
SARASOTA The members of
the Sarasota Chapter, F. F. A..
have joined the American Legion's
Junior Rifle Club.
KISSIMMEE-Of the $355 in prem.
iums awarded owners of 204 cattle
entered at the First Annual Kissim-
mee Valley Range Cattle Show in
Kissimmee, $25 was awarded to
Stanley Overstreet, a member of the
Kissimmee Future Farmer Chapter,
for four winning entries in the Junior
CLEWISTON The Clewiston
Chapter, F. F. A., visited the Flor-
ida Livestock, Forage and Forestry
special train at Moore Haven. While
at the train the members posed for
the Paramount News camerman.

BUNNrELL Gilbert Higginbo-
tham, a member or the rlagier
chapter, b'. Fb. A., and a graduate
of 1940, nas opened a feed store on
State Hignway lio. 4. Gilbert plans
to carry a complete line or reeus,
lerLilizers, seeds, fencing, rooting,
nails, etc.
'iALLAI-A.SSEIt A great many
tFuture 'armer chapters in the State
nave had chapter exhibits in local
stairs. Among the chapters exhibiting
recently are: Leon, Woodville, Quin-
cy; Havana; Greensburo, Mt. Pleas-
ant, Sopchoppy, Crawfordville, Grren-
ville, Monticello, Aucilla, Jay, Allen-
town, Wilhston, Bronson, Baker, Es-
cambia Farms and Laure Hill.
HOMESTEAD 'I'ne Homestead
Chapter, F. F. A., has built an 18-
hole miniature golf course on the
grounds of their clubhouse. The
course is open to the public six hours
each day and a small charge is made
so thac the chapter may obtain more
CHUMUCKLA The Chumuckla
Chapter, F. F. A., held its first
meeting on November 1. At this
meeting officers for 1940-41 were el-
ected and the chapter set up its pro-
gram of work for the coming year.
Members of the Ocala Chapter
took a trip to the North Florida Ex.
periment Station last Summer.


1. Think straight and you will act
2. Analyze things; get all of the
facts before concluding.
3. Develop the habit of cleanliness
and orderliness.
4. Set up a reasonable goal and then
determine to reach it.
5. Take advice, but do your own
thinking and concluding.
6. Cheer up the other fellow. Keep
your troubles to yourself; no one
likes a complainer.
7. Never admit to anyone-even to
yourself-that you are licked.
8 Spend a little less than you have
9. Make friends; but remember: the
best of friends wear our if you use
them roughly.
10. Don't be afraid to dream. A little
imagination is necessary for success.
-Nebraska Future Farmer.





please tell me, does a man in run-
ning around a tree go before or be
hind himself?
pends. If he is trying to catch him-
self, necessarily he follows himself,
and consequently goes behind. If, on
the contrary, he is running away
from himself, the deduction leads t,'
the very obvious conclusion that he
precedes himself, and consequently
goes before. If he succeeds in catch-
ing himself and passes himself, at the
moment of passing he neither pre-
cedes nor follows himself, but botn
he and himself are running even.
This is the only case where he does
not go before or behind himself.

Cooperate with the Florida College

One gallon of milk -weighs 8. i
pounds. .

A new drug, phenothiazine, hat
outstanding possibilities as an agent
for the removal of certain internal
parasites from the bodies of livestock.

Where in hell have I seen you be-
I don't know. What part of hell
are you from?






Basic Slag

Prices and Field Service
are yours for the asking

Tampa, Florida


By Terry Drake

"Too few more days until exams,"
or why do I put everything off until
the last minute. You know, if you've
ever tried in that you can do mira-
culous things even with a 66 1. Q.,
during the days after Christmas and
before exams.
Advice to Freshmen-and it's a
pretty good idea for Seniors too.-
Proceed without delay to the neares.
person in your major department
who can give you a job-and get one.
Now this is sound advice and i'll tell
you why. First and fundamenLally,
you will swing on to some casn that
feels mighty good in a flat wallet.
Secondly, the -work isnt very hard,
and it is very interesting because of
the various kinds of jobs that you
will be asked to do. Thirdly, the
work is done entirely at your con-
vemence. Fourthly is this: 'vnen you
work you will, by reason of your
constant association wih your de-
partment, assume a unique position
as regards your fellow students. You
will naturally become Detter ac-
quainted with your professors anri
they with.you. They will soon leati
your capacities, and capaiiilcies and
what shortcomings you may. have.
If your short comings are too great ,
disregard this advice since it will be
of great harm to you. But if you do
have something on the ball that is
equal in value to an equal amount of
talent in another student that is not
working, the question should rise n
your mind to the effect that "Even
though I worked hard and earned all
the money I got, don't I have an ad-
vantage in experience and prestige
in the eyes of my department that
perhaps my fellow students do nol
have and have no way of getting."
Think about this and then read it all
over again. Ask the Entomology De-
partment as to the role that lice play

in the receding hair line.
Ag Fair time is coming up again
along with the Rodeo. this recalls
vivid memories of the last years
shows, they wer swell and we all
felt good even at having to put in
and take out the corrals and fences
in the stadium. Which reminds me
that the greenest plot of grass in the
stadium is in the vicinity of the
place where Dave Baillie swung _n to
Brother Crown's "Lightnin" in the
steer riding.
So often though the criticism is
leveled at fairs that they are year
after year merely a repetition of the
previous show. Since the field of
Agriculture is so broad, it ought not
to be such a difficult job to prevent
the appearance ever of such a criti-
cism about our shows. Many elabor-
ate plans are up for consideration
by the various clubs and departments
involved, and, if everyone does; his
part, even eighty percent as ,well as
he said he would, we -will have a show
that cannot be beaten anyplace, any-
We will all .probably miss the
beautiful azalea garden in front of
the Ag Experiment Station Building
since the "plague" has hit them and
the few that do bloom will probably
do so half heartedly. Think what this
will do for the Ravine Gardens as this
condition is general in the South.
If you have never done this, try it
sometime when you have a few extra
hours off. Just walk about the Sta-
tion grounds and go thru the green
houses. You will find many things
that will amaze you, an orchid col-
lection in one, a collection of flower-
ing tropical plants in another. Try it
Well when I reached down into the
depths for another paragraph there
just wasn't anything to be had, not
even mushrooms.

Yep, it sounded crazy to us, too,
the first time we ever heard it. But
seeing is believing; we saw; we be-
lieve. And it's all really very simple
If you need to see to believe, go out
to the Forage Nursery work plats
(formerly the Introductory Gardens)
and get Mr. George E. Ritchey, who is
in charge, to show and explain this
cow cafeteria business to you. In the
meantime, we'll tell you briefly what
it is.
If you can take our word, it's

simply a testing area, composed of
several strip plats fifteen feet wide
and one hundred feet long, on each
of which is grown a different forage
plant, all under one fence. The cows
go freely over the plats during the
day time as the notion strikes them.
A count of the number of cows on
each plat is made and recorded every
five minutes. A conclusion is drawn
from this as to how well the cows
like a particular forage plant, and
how well the plant stands up under
Exactly! It's a cafeteria.

Yessiree! The Cows Have a Cafeteria Too








Nine Members Make Trip To National 4-H Congress

-V/0.o Swir//-- MARE LETCeR ------ jOAN DIR --

a K

f//?ZEl. W/ookE/

EuzRfET"H /Wu/DSo'v

For their excellence in 4-H club
work, eight girls and one boy were
awarded and have made the trip to
the national 4-H club congress whii.n
was held November 30 to December 7
in connection with the international
Livestock show in Chicago.
One of the group, Miss Marie
Fletcher, also won a $200 scholarship
in the national canning contest.
The 4-H club boy representing
Florida was J. P. Fields of Leon Co-
unty, who showed the grand champ-
ion fat barrow at the state 4-H club
pig show in Tallahassee. His trip was
awarded by the Commissioner of Ag-
riculture, Nathan Mayo.
The other Florida 4-H club girls
that made the trip were: Elizabeth
Hudson of Broward county, best gen-
eral records; Lucille Barnes of Palm


Beach county, most efficient in food
preparation; Joan Dirr of Manatee,
best dress-maker; Viola Smith of
Brevard, best in rural electrification:
and Lucille Dobson, Martha Casey,
and Barbara Baumgartner of Dade
the winning poultry judging team
whose trip was financed by the Flor-
ida Chain Store Association.
The girls were accompanied by
their district home demonstration
agent, Miss Ethyl Halloway.
J. P. Fields was accompanied by his
county agent, K. S. McMullen.

You have never seen ugliness in a
happy face.

A man is no fool for not believing
somebody, but he is a fool if he does
not believe in himself.

I II-- -


Much has been said during recent
years, during recent months, in fact,
about physical conditions of Ameri-
cans, particularly American youth.
Some writers have intimated that
Americans are becoming "soft" as a
result of easier living and less work,
and they have emphasized the fact
that a vigorous, Virile people develops
from work and effort.
Perhaps some young people of
America have become "soft" through
lack of necessity for hard work,
through not having to work, but
young folks on the farms are not by
any means included in their group.
Because of the many tasks to be
performed and the necessity for all
the members of the family to do their
part in producing a livelihood from
the soil, rural boys and girls begin
working early in life and, as they
grow older, become more and more
proficient in their task until, on
reaching adulthood, they are capable
of managing the farm and the home.
The 4-H Club emphasises work. Its
basic purpose is to stimulate and
train rural young people to use thier
hands and their minds with greatest
efficiency so that their success in life
will be greater than their forerunners.
The club movement is planned so as
to train and guide young people on
the farm in their everyday work and
in new lines of endeavor.
When these youngsters cultivate
their gardens, work in the fields, raise
livestock, plant trees and do the work
necessary for completion of these and
many other projects, they develop
strong and healthy minds and bodies.
The spirit of competition, personal
satisfaction, and the inspiration in-
culated into them to be of service to
themselves, their clubs, their com-
munities, and their country spur them
on to achievement. Their's is a work
with a purpose.
Individually and collectively they
become strong in mind and body.
They develop a very strong sense of
loyalty to their group and to their
Hard work, interspersed with bal-
anced recreation, makes them strong
in mind and body. Other groups in
urban communities may perhaps have
become "soft," but not the 4-H Club





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