Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00027
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00027
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text






Published by Agriculture Students at the University of Florida

NO.% I

_--- --- .r- I -

' a

FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY-by Doctor Wilmon Newell
NATIONAL 4-H CLUB CAMP-by Leroy Fortner

^ < TU ^


Words and Promises

Do Not Make Trees Grow

No matter how eloquently a fertilizer may be
described by a salesman or in an advertisement
it will not necessarily make healthy trees and
high grade fruit.

There are two sure ways of judging the
character of any fertilizer-one by looking
over the groves where it is used-the other by
consulting packing house records of the fruit
produced from such groves.

We Welcome These Tests
On Groves Where Lyons
Fertilizers Are Used

Tampa, Florida

Better Quality Fertilizers

Have been for over thirty years made
honestly, blended perfectly, and giving
best results. Thousands of growers know
of their goodness.

We have Special Formulas for all crops
and conditions.

If there is no agent in your section

write us.


Consumers Lumber
and Veneer Company
Established 1896 Incorporated 1903

Manufacturers of Citrus and
Vegetable Crates.

Apopka, Florida

HENRY W. LAND, BSA '33 Pres. & Gen'l. Mgr.

November, 1938

Page 2

Jacksonville, Florida


Editorially Speaking

The Florida College Farmer
Published by representatives of Student Organizations
College of Agriculture University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida
J. Lester Poucher ........................... Editor
Thomas F. Hammett ............. Managing Editor
Douglas Burce ..................... Associate Editor
Betty Reed ................... Home-Making Editor
A Lee French .................... Business Manager
W. Keith Ulmer .............. Advertising Manager
Harold Garrstt ................ Circulation Manager
Walter Badger, Eugene A. Boyles, Kenneth A. Clark,
Arthur P. Ellis, W. Earl Faircloth, Leroy Fortner,
J. G. Hickman, Charles Jamison, Sturgeon Rothe,
Horace McKinney, Russell C. Peoples, Ottis Pippin.
C. H. W illoughby ......................... Chairman
Charles E. Abbott J. Francis Cooper


FAREWELL-to a friend and adviser, Major
W. L. Floyd, who recently retired from active
service on the University of Florida staff. Major
Floyd began his work with the University in
1892 as a member of the staff of the East Flor-
ida Seminary in Lake City.
In 1915 as a result of continued service and
ach'e-ement, he became Assistant Dean of the
College of Agriculture anl Head of the Depart-
ment of Horticulture. In this capacity, he carri-
ed out his assignments until his voluntary re-
tirement in September of this year. As he goes,
he leaves with us the fondest of memories and
highest regards for one who so faithfully serv-
ed his University, his college and his "boys."
In saying farewell we who are present are not
alone, for the first of his students of '92 to the
last of '38 all join together in wishing for him
many more years of continued health and
HAIL--to our old friend and new adviser,
Dr. Harold II. Hume, who succeeds Major
Floyd as Dean of the Teaching Division of the
College of Agriculture. Dean Hume, a graduate
of Iowa State College with a D. Sc. degree from
Clemson College, is widely known in Florida
and Southern horticultural circles, having come
to the State in 1899 as horticulturist and botan-
ist at the old Florida Agricultural College and
Experiment Station in Lake City. He was presi-
dent of the Florida State Horticultural Society
from 1909 to 1922, and a number of books and
bulletins on horticultural subjects bear his
authorship. We congratulate Dean Hume on his
appointment and wish for him a new future
with us that will surpass even his brilliant re-
cord of the past.-THE STAFF.

HERE'S TO ....

Robert Elwell, freshman at the University of
Maine, recently elected President of the Nation-
al Organization, Future Farmers of America,
at the Eleventh National Convention held in
Kansas City, Missouri. Congratulations to you
and to your fellow officers: Elmer Johnson,
New Hampshire, Bradley Twitty, Alabama,
Albert Coates, Kansas, Harvey Schweitzer,
Illinios, and Stevenson Ching, Hawaii. The ex-
tended honor which comes to you is the result
of your earnest efforts in the past and carries
with it a commensurate responsibility for the
future. For the next 12 months you will be en-
gaged in serving the organization of 175,000
farm boys of which you are the leaders. You
will be a tremendous inspiration to those boys
with whom you come in contact; likewise, they
in turn will inspire you to render a greater
service at every opportunity. Under your
capable leadership, the F. F. A. will continue
to grow and manifest itself in the lives of its
rural boy members. Your duties will require you
to travel far and wide in order to attend State
Conventions of F. F. A. These experiences will
prove invaluable to you and will afford friend-
qhips and associations which you will ever
cherish. Should your travels bring to the South,
you are cordially invited to visit our campus at
the University of Florida and College of Agri-
culture, and to spend all the time you can spare
in sunny Florida.-J. L.'P.

Aims Of Florida Citrus Commission
By JOHN MAXCY, Chairman

The state
citrus laws of
1935, creating
the Florida
Citrus Com-
mission and
providing for
the assess-
ment and col-
lection of an
advertis i n g
tax on ship-
ments, a r e
unique in the
annals of the JOHN MAXCY
fruit and
vegetable industry.
The aims of this legislation are best express-
ed by an extract from the preamble to the act
creating the Commission-"to stabilize and pro-
tect the citrus industry of the State of Florida
and to promote the general welfare of such in-
dustry and of the State of Florida," and from
the advertising laws-"to conserve and promote
the prosperity and welfare of the Florida citrus
industry by promoting the sale of grape-
fruit, oranges and (Continued on page 12)


November, 1938

Page 3



In October and November the Uni-
versity of Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Station is celebrating the
50th anniversary of its establishment
at Lake City in 1888 in connection with
the old Florida Agricultural College.
It is interesting to note, in looking
back over the records, the work of the
station with citrus fruits--one of this
state's leading agricultural products.
Because citrus has been an im-
portant Florida agricultural industry
through the years, it is natural that
the Experiment Station should have
given considerable attention to this
crop since the very beginning, a halt
century ago. In the first bulletin, is-
sued in 1888, it is stated that "forty
orange trees, of divers sorts, are in
cultivation in this station The
diseases of the citrus family will be
carefully studied and results re-
ported. No opportunity has yet been had
to do much for the great industry of
orange growing; but this must receive
special attention; particularly must
care be afforded in the study of the
noxious insects that injure the citrus
Fortunately, entomologists and plant
pathologists have been able to devise
ways of controlling most of the noxious
insects and troublesome diseases which
beset citrus in Florida. Sprays and
dusts, effective but withal expensive.
have been tested from time to time and
recommended as results warranted.
Investigators have been aleart to
discover and introduce beneficial fungi
and insects which help to keep pests
under control and reduce the saying
and dusting necessary. Fungi which
control whitefly and other insects have
been found, and methods for artificial-
ly culturing some of them developed.
Friendly insects, such as ladybeetles,
have been introduced from other

countries and have proven efficient
and tireless aids for the grower.
Culture tests have shown methods of
overcoming deficiency troubles, such
as bronzing. Storage studies have
shown how to keep pranges and grape-
fruit in good condition for three or
more months. Other research has
shown the part played by glucosides,
notably naringin--which is found in
the "rag"-in causing orange juice to
develop bitterness on storage, and thus
has helped to open the way for juice
Excellent fe-ds have been developed
from cannery wastes and cull fruits,
benefitting both citrus grower and
dairyman. Packinghouse and other
studies have pointed the way to re-
duced costs, vitally necessary with
drastic declines in income from the
crop. The vitamin potency of Florida
oranges has been proven.
The Citrus Experiment Station was
established at Lake Alfred in 1920 to
aid the industry. Its fertilizer, stock,
culture and other researches have
helper' in no small way. But the Ex-
periment Station is not yet content
with its citrus research, and is pursu-
ing it with increased vigor along
broader lines. Marketing problems are
now uppermost, and the Station will
do whatever it can--which admittedly
is limited--to aid in this connection.
Citrus Aurateum-citrus gold-the
species has been called. With a 1938-3S
crop estimated at 50,500,000 boxes--by
far the largest in the state's history--
every effort must be bent to the task
of seeing it doesn't become "fool's
gold" and wither in our hands.
-Wilmon Newell,
Director, Florida Agricultural
Experiment Station.

Barnette Death Is Loss
To Experiment Station
With the passing of Dr. R. M.
Barnette on the night of October 31,
when his automobile overturned near
iGainesville, the Florida Experiment
Station suffered a distinct loss in its
Dr. Barnette was a native of South
Carolina and spent his undergraduate
days at Clemson. He later graduated
from Rutgers University with an ad-
vanced degree. He came to Florida in
August of 1925 when he joined the
research staff of the Experiment
Station. Since that time he has been
actively engaged in research work in
chemistry and soils. He was well ac-.
quainted with the soils of Florida and
was a contributing factor in the ad.-
vancement of this phase of agriculture.

Fiftieth Anniversary

Judge Adams to Give
Banquet For 4-H'ers

Judge Hal W. Adams, presiding
Jurist of the Third Judicial District,
will entertain 14 outstanding farm boys
and girls of the 4-H clubs in his dist-
rict, at a banquet in the Florida Union
at the Univers'ty of Florida on Nov-
Ember 18, R. W. Blacklock, state boy's
club agent announced.
The outstanding 4-H club boy and
girl from each of seven counties -
Madison, Dix'e, Suwannee, Hamilton,
Taylor, Columbia, and Lafayette-will
be honored by Judge Adams. Miss
Mary E. Keown, state home demonstr-
ation agent, and Mr. Blacklock will al-
so be guests of Judge Adams.
Talks by Judge Adams, Miss Keown.
Mr. Blacklock, and two club members
wil! be features of the banquet. These
talks will be broadcast on the Florida
Farm Hour over station WRUF, State
and University of Florida radio station
from 12:15 PM to 12:50 PM on that

Sears Scholarship Club

Last year Sears, Roebuck and Co.,
offered 25 agricultural scholarships to
freshmen entering the University of
Florida. These were divided among
FFA and 4-H members who had shown
outstanding farming ability during
their high school career and who
planned to enter the College of Agri-
culture after two years of General
Shortly after school opened the boys
organized the Sears, Roebuck Club to
enable them to become better ac-
quainted with each other, to create a
feeling of friendliness, develop leader-
ship, and to promote scholarship. The
club is continuing this year, with both
new and ola members. Officers elected
recently for the year include Kenneth
Clark, president; Earl Faircloth, vice-
president; Russell Peples, secretary-
treasurer; and Eli Read, Jr., treasurer.
This year the company continued
the scholarships, giving some to those
who held them last year and 13 to in-
coming freshmen. The new men are
A. P. Ellis, Jr., Earl Faircloth, F. H.
Frierson, M. C. Leslie, James N. Let-
ton, Wade McCall, Eric R. Mills, Jr.,
Eli Read, Jr., Thos. D. Ryan, Jr.,
Perry A. Sistrunk, H. L. Terzenbach,
Robert G. Vrona, and Warren C.
Holdover members include James
Beardsley, J. Fedler Bell, Eugene
Boyles, Harold Brewer, Kenneth Clark,
Harold Clark, Lake Coleman, Cecil
Crutchfield, Lee French, John R.
Jones, Jr., Russell C. Peeples, Frank-
lin Perry, and Curtis Ulmer.
_John R. Jones, Jr.

November, 1938

Page 4




Editor's Note: Honorable M.
L. Wilson, Under Secretary of
the United States Department of
Agriculture, addressed members
of the faculty and student body
of the University of Florida last
October 28 at the Convocation
services celebrating the Fiftieth
Anniversary of the Florida Ag-
ricultural Experiment Station
and the installation of a chapter
of the Honorary Scientific Fra-
ternity, Sigma Xi. The following,
in part, is Mr. Wilson's address:

The contributions of the Florida
Station to the prosperity of Florida
agriculture have been numerous and
valuable. Scientific discoveries and
technical procedures developed here
have contributed in an important way
to the solution of problems elsewhere,
and have added to the general ac-
cumulation of knowledge that science
makes available for all humanity.
Director Newell and Staff ol the
Florida Agricultural Experiment Sta-
tion, I salute and congratulate you for
your accomplishment for the State of
Fla., for the Nation and all man kind.
There is another accomplishment
that you may be proud of--in a dif-
ferent field, the field of education. 1
refer to your General College and to
your system of making work in the
humanities and in the fundamental
sciences prerequisite to agriculture
and other specialized or technical edu-
cation. It is a response to a great so-
cial need.
A survey that is being made of th
scientific, administrative and techni-
cal personnel of the United States
Department of Agriculture seems to
offer good proof of this.
As late as a quarter a century ago
the American farmer paid out nothing
for power. In fact collectively he put
down a small profit item in the power
column; for he used only horses and
mules, and he sold more of these than
he bought. It is estimated that in the
last few years he has paid out about
one billion dollars annually for power
of all kinds. Farming in the past was
somewhat unique among economic en-
tarprises. The farm was a home, a
family establishment producing for its
own needs, and largely independent of
the world.
The capital costs of farming havy
advanced greatly, and the indebted-
ness of farmers has risen dan erously.
Tenancy has increased steadily, and
governmental efforts to assist operator-
ownership have not been sufficient to
stem the swelling tide. It is significant
that these and related ills are almost
invariably pronounced in those areas
where farming is most highly special-
ized, scientific, and commercial.
The city and the country have

been brought closer together. Our
rural culture is being rapidly urbaniz-
ed. A degree of mutuality of tastes
habits and concerns between country
and city is something very new.
The last fifty years have also wit-
nessed the rise and growth of many
organizations and institutions devoted
to the service of American agriculture.
Agriculture has been given a special
field in economics and farm life and
culture have become the subject
matter of a special branch of sociology.
A multitude of institutions have been
d-veloped to serve the interests of
agriculture in an ever-widening sphere.
The changes that have taken place
in agriculture during the fifty years
since the Florida Station was founded
are merely agriculture's share of the
changes that have been occurring
throughout the modern world. Every-
where, science and technology have
been making a social revolution.
Specialization and corresponding in-
terdependence have been rapidly de-
veloping. Commercial emphasis has
grown. Distances have shrunk; and
cultural disparities based on geography
have been greatly reduced.
Science and technology have, in ef
fect, changed man's physical world.
And in changing his physical world,
they have altered his social institut-
ions. Individual man is a resilient,
adaptable creature, and so-called
human nature, as anthropologists have
demonstrated, is almost infinetly vari-
able. Yet social man, and social in-
stitutions, although they change con-
stantly, change very slowly. This rapid-
ity of scientific advance, coupled with
natural slowness of social evolution,
has created institutional conflicts and

maladjustments that are more severe
and far reaching than any that man's
previous history records.
Some people, while welcoming every
scientific and mechanical innovation,
react with bitter hostility toward every
new social idsa, and seek to return to
the social and economic traditions of
the age of handlooms and stage
coaches, while enjoying the material
luxuries of mass production industry,
and pullman cars. Still others chase
after every nostrum that quacks can
manufacture, and embrace every new
social doctrine that appears.
In the face of this situation, it is
the considered opinion of many far-
sighted scientists today that the most
important task confronting this mod-
ern age is to bring humanity and ap-
plied science into adjustment.
We must extend science more and
more into the field of social relation-
We must, in the words of Professor
Sarton of Harvard, turn this machine
age into a truly scientific age. This
involves three major points. There
must be ethical development compar-
able to our technological progress.
There must be progress in the social
sciences sufficient to bring them
abrest of the physical sciences. And
there must be an educational program
that will give to all the people the best
possible understanding both of our
natural and our social processes.
Finally, there must be a program of
popular education that will provide all
our people with the means of under-
standing the world in which we live.
There is neither vitality nor value in
science that remains cloistered and
out of contact with humanity.

Dr. P. H. Senn of the University of Florida College of Agriculture addresses the
Sigma Xi, Honorary Scientific Fraternity, at its installation banquet at the Univ-
ersity of Florida last October 28.

November, 1938


Page 5


The Twelfth National 4-H Club
Camp was held in Washington, D. C.,
June 16 to 22 of this year. The Camp
was located immediately south of the
Washington Monument on the shore
of Tidal Basin. There were six head-
quarters tents and about 36 sleeping
tents. Each tent was occupied by four
youths and two adult leaders. There
were 169 boys and girls representing
43 states and 68 leaders and chaperon-
es besides the Extension workers who
were already in Washington.
Taps were blown every night between
10 and 11 o'clock and reveille at 6
o'clock every morning-rain or shine.
Each morning a delegates' conference
was held in the auditorium of the U. S.
Department of Agriculture. A delegate
from some state would be in charge
,and call on certain boys and girls to
talk. A different topic was discussed
every morning. These topics concern-
ed the problems facing the farm peo-
ple today. Generally they tried to get
as many states represented in the
floor talks as possible. The main point
in these discussions was the exchange
of ideas.
From 10 to 11 o'clock the group was
addressed by a speaker. On one of
these occasions Mrs. Franklin Delano
Roosevelt was the speaker. Some of the
other noted speakers were Dr. Alfred
Bilmanis, Minister from Latvia to the
United States; Dr. C. B. Smith, Chief,
Cooperative Extension Work; Dr. C.
W. Warburton, Director of Extension
Work; Mr. F. A. Silcox, Chief, Forest
Service; Mr. Willis R. Gregg, Chief,
Weather Bureau, all from the United
States Department of Agriculture.
Tours were made to the National
Agricultural Research Center, Belts-
ville, Maryland. This farm is located
about 15 miles north of Washington
and consists of approximately 14,000
acres of land.
We were also taken to the laboratory
where experiments are made with
guinea pigs and mice. Mice have been
found to respond more rapidly to the
various experiments. It has also been
discovered that inbred guinpa pigs
have a greater resistance to tuber-
culosis than do outbred strains.
We then went through the wool lab-
oratory and instructions were given on
wool scouring and types of fleeces.
Then a short trip was made to the
beef barns and the sheep sheds.

Mutton type sheep are bred at the
Research Center.
Our last stop was at the swine barns.
There we were shown the types of hogs
produced for meat purposes.
Some of the other very interesting
places visited during our week's stay
in Washington included Mt. Vernon,
Lincoln Memorial, Arlington, th(:
Capitol, Smithsonian Institution.
Washington Monument, Cathedral of
Saints Peter and Paul, Library of
Congress, Corcoran Gallery of Arts,
Arlington Experiment Farm, the White
House, Folger Shakespear Library,
Pan-American Union, Bureau of En-
graving and Printing, and many
The banquet held on Saturday ev-
en.ng, was one of the outstanding
events of the week. One of the dele-
gates acted as toastmaster and several
of the delegates made speeches. The
main speaker of the evening was Dr.
C. B. Smith.
Another enjoyable evening was spent
at the annual party which was held
in the ballroom of the United States
Chamber of Commerce building the
night before camp was over.

Champion 4-H Girls
To Club Congress

Climaxing a year of outstanding
work in various phases of rural home
activities, five 4-H club girls have
just been chosen winners of free trips
to the National 4-H Club Congress in
Chicago in late November and early
December. Chosen for the honor after
careful scrutiny of their records by
Miss Mary E. Keown and her State
Home Demonstration staff are Dorcus
Stone of Jackson, Marguerite Peterson
and Frances Bever of Pinellas, Betty
Rawle of Palm Beach, and Anna Jen-
sen of Manatee.
The National Club Congress is held
in connection with the International
Live Stock Show, and draws 1,500 4-H
youngsters from 48 states and a few
provinces in Canada. In addition to
the girls named, Florida will be rep-
resented by five boys. Most of the
girls will enter national contests in
Two other girls, Mary Lucy Hughes
of Dade and Rachel Parker of Holmes,
were named by Miss Keown to conm-
(Continued on page 10)


The National 4-H Club Camp



Champions To Go To Chicago

The State Champion Poultry Judg-
ing Team, composed of Jack Prator,
Seth Plank and Norman Rasmussen of
Pasco County, will go to National 4-IH
Club Poultry Judging Contest in Chi-
cago late this month. These boys won
the trip at the Central Florida Ex-
position last February under the able
coaching of County Agent James A.
The team is now studying at Florida
Experiment Station Poultry Farm
under D. F. Sowell, Extention Poultry-
man, and Professor O. W. Anderson,
in preparation for the contest. Each
n-ember of the winning team in th?
National Contest will receive a $400.00
scholarship to any college of their
choice in the United States.
Accompaning these three boys will
be five girls and two other boys. The
girls are to be selected for the'r ex-
cellance in canning, home improve-
ment, bread baking, etc. The other two
boys will win their trips for excellence
in swine production.
While in the "Windy City," these
clubst-crs representing Florida will at-
tend the National 4-H Club Congress
with about 1,500 other representatives
from approximately 40 states. This
Congress is held in connection with the
International Livestock Exposition.
and the International Hay and Grain
Exposition. Many points of interest,
such.as the Field Museum, Adlers'
Planetarium, one of the largest meat
packing plants in the world, various
commercial concerns, will be seen by
the Congress.
Accompanying these Florida re-
prensentatives will be R. W. Blacklock,
State Boys Club Agent, and a member
of the Home Demonstration Depart-

Home Improvement Is
Keynote Of Projects
By Women and Girls

Many industrial art projects have
been completed by West Hillsborough
County 4-H club g:rls according .o
Miss Allie Lee Rush, home agent. Six
chairs were re-caned, 200 mango sed
were made into shade pulls, 10 pairs
of kitchen curtains were made, 137
raffia hang-rs for holding pots were
made, and other work was dole by the

Page 6


November, 1938

Uses of Florida Citrus Products

Florida's citrus crop is one of our
most important agricultural resources,
and all Floridians, in town or country,
are interested in citrus. In the central
section of our state roadside stands
offer citrus products to the passer-by.
Some of the most attractive souvenirs
a tourist can buy are gift jars of
colorful, transparent marmalades and
jellies or packages of candied peel.
These and other citrus goodies have
solved the Christmas gift problem of
numbers of people. Many 4-H club
girls sell their home products in this
way to add to their "go to college"
fund or to get cash to spend for other
needs. 4-H club girls believe in using
the resources of farm and home to
good advantage.
Several of them have paid part
of their expenses at the Florida
State College for Women by supplying
the college with grapefruit. Mrs. Ruby
Richardson, secretary in the Home
Demonstration Office at Tallahassee,
has developed as a home industry a
nice business in preparing citrus pro-
ducts for market, finding the work
enjoyable as well as profitable. Miss
Pearl Laffitte, home demonstration
agent of Duval county, has helped her
home demonstration women to earn
money by securing a market for the
citrus fruits which they can or pre-
serve every year. In October Miss
Laffitte who is President of the Flor-
ida Dietetic Association, attended the
National Convention of the American
Dietetic Association and presented to
the members of the National Associa-
tion favors consisting of candied
grapefruit peel made by home demon-
stration women. Miss Anna May Tracy,
Dietitian of the Florida State College
for Women and National President of
the American Dietetic Association, is
serving to her friends at this same
meeting some of the satsumas sent her
from my home county, Jefferson. This
is valuable advertising of Florida's
good products.
According to Miss Isabelle S. Thurs-
by, Extension Economist in Food
Conservation, there is nothing prettier
than the big, glass exhibit case filled
with all kinds of crystalized citrus
fruits, and cakes, cookies and fanc'e
breads in which luxurious citrus pro-
ducts are used. These products are
shown at the Florida Orange Festival
in Winter Haven, rural women
and girls vie with one another in pre-
serving and baking with Florida citrus
From 15 to 17 counties participate in

the Festival by entering exhibits of
citrus products. The development and
extent of the citrus industry is shown
by the exhibits and all kinds of canned
and fresh citrus fruits are on display.
The exhibit under Miss Thursby's dir-
ection featuring the use of citrus
fruits in baking is something to make
you head for your kitchen with the
desire to duplicate some of the things
you have just seen.
Oranges, grapefruit, lemons, tanger-
ines, satsumas, kumquats, limequats,
tangelos, pomelos, sour oranges, cala-
mondins, citrons and shaddocks are all
citrus fruits which may be used in one
or more ways. They may be used in
salads, as a fresh fruit, as juice, or
made into vinegar, mixed in punch,
candied, preserved, spiced, crystallized,
in conserves, marmalades, jams, jellies,
butters, as flavoring, in fillings for
cakes and puddings, in candies, des-
serts combined with other fruit, or
whipped cream and meringues, or as
vegetable and meat accompaniments,
sauces and garnishes.
Since so many people are interested
in citrus fruit cake made from our
own fruits, we are including the recipe
of a 4-H club girl so that you can make
one and set it away for Christmas
time, provided you can leave it alone
until then.
Florida Citrus Fruit Cake
1 cup shortening
11/ cup brown sugar
3 eggs
3 cups flour
3 teaspoons baking powder
2 teaspoons salt
1 teaspoon allspice
1 teaspoon cloves
1 teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1/ teaspoon ground ginger
1 cup chopped citron (crystalized)
1 cup chopped grapefruit peel
1/ cup chopped sour orange
% cup chopped sweet peel "
% cup chopped kumquats
cup chopped calamondins
1 cup chopped papaya
1 cup chopped pineapple
1 cup chopped figs
1 cup chopped seeded raisins
3 cups chopped pecans
1 cup orange or grapefruit wine.
Cream shortening, sugar and egg
yolks together well; sift together spices,
salt, baking powder, and two cups of
the flour. Add the dry ingredients al-
ternately with the wine, mixing well
after each addition of the dry in-
Mix fruits and nuts with the re-
maining flour and add. Finally fold in

egg whites beaten stiff.
Bake slowly (2250 F.) from three to
four hours depending on the depth of
the cake.
If one is hunting for sweet things
there is nothing more tempting than a
plate of crystallized slices of choice
pink shaddock, candied grapefruit peel
and shells of kumquat combined with
pecans. Or, if you please, try combin-
ing citrus fruits with whipped cream
and meringues; use them as a flavor-
ing and coloring agent for cakes and
pastries. You'll get something differ-
The most unique thing we've heard
of so far is the serving of citrus punch
from a gourd bowl, using orange shells
for punch cups. 4-H club girls again
us-d their ingenuity in this way at one
of their recent meetings.
Citrus fruits are also included in the
school child's lunch and in the diet of
the dyspeptic at 60. Recommended for
adults and growing children alike,
citrus fruits give protection against
scurvy, a disease formerly dreaded by
people who did not have access to
fresh fruit and vegetables.
All this may sound as if the citrus
industry is fully developed, but the use
of by-products from citrus fruits is
still in the experimental stage and
there is a large field open to anyone
wishing to investigate.
(I wish to acknowledge the valuable
suggestions given to me by Miss Mary
E. Keown, State Home Demonstration
Agent and Miss Margaret Alford, Col-
lege 4-H Club president. "Preserving
Florida Citrus Fruits," Extension
Bulletin No. 100 by Miss Isabelle S.
Thursby, provided much of the
material for this article.)

Miller Sells Angus
Calves To 4-H Club
Boys At Low Prices

Albertus Miller, Alachua County
cattleman, is very much in favor of
providing Florida 4-H club boys with
better stock to raise for the annual
Florida Fat Stock Show.
Mr. Miller has not only expressed
his opinion to this effect, but he re-
cently sold nine Angus calves to a
group of Madison County club boys
at prices below what he could have
obtained on the market. Accompanied
by their county agent, S. L. Brothers,
the boys came to Gainesville in a
truck, bought the calves, and returned
with them to their farms. They will
feed them for the Fat Stock Show.

Page 7

November, 1938



November, 1938

State President, Future Farmers of
I have been a member of the Future
Farmers of America for the past five
years. During that time, membership.
in this great farm youth organization
has come to mean much to me because
it has given me training and advant-
ages that I would not otherwise have
had-training which cannot be obtain-
ed through the regular high school
course. I should like to cite a few of
the advantages that have come to me
as a direct result of my activities as
an F. F. A. member:
First, it has taught me the value of
cooperation--cooperation in the pur-
chasing of farm supplies, in the mark-
eting of farm products, and in social
and recreational activities. The ability
to work with one's classmates and
neighbors is oe of the primary aims of
the F. F. A., and this ability may be
developed by every member if he en-
ters wholeheartedly into the activities
of his Chapter.
Second, my experience as an F. F. A.
member has taught me the value of
organization. Cooperation and organi--
zation go hand in hand as essentials
in modern farming. For the past five
years I have had a part in setting up
the program of work of my own local
chapter and in helping to carry out
the activities included in the program
-the election of officers, the conduct
of meetings, Father-Son banquets,
contests with other chapters, all re-
quiring organization in order to carry
them out.
Third, I have developed the ability
to appear before an audience with a
fair degree of ease. The ability I have
developed through participation in
public speaking, parliamentary proce-
dure and various musical contests
sponsored by the F. F. A. in local,
district, and state contests. Participa-
tion in the regular meetings of my
chapter has also given me valuable
experience. The knowledge of how to
conduct a meeting properly is learndl
through parliamentary procedure
contests and drills.
Fourth, the Future Farmers of
America has developed many valuable


.i 4

State President, F. F. A.

friendships for me. When I meet a
fellow Future Farmer, no matter where
he may live or where we may meet, we
are on common ground, have common
interests which enable us to begin a
pleasant and intelligent conversation
immediately. Few people realize what
this means to a farm boy. In my trips
to the State Conventions and to the
National Convention, which I attend-
ed recently, I have formed friend-
ships which will never be broken oi
forgotten. It gives on- a certain feel-
ing of security to know that he is a
member of an organization of farm
boys with chapters in forty-seven states
of the U. S., numbering some 171,000
members. Through my association with
other members from all over the U. S.,
I have learned something of the
problems they are facing and of the
various farming activities in which
they are engaged. It seems to me tha,
the Future Farmers of America should
mean much toward the promotion of
good will and cooperation among the
farming groups of our country.
Fifth, th- F. F. A. has given me
educational advantages which I would
not otherwise have had. My trips to


our State Convention have taken me
over most of our own State. On my
recent trip to the National Convention
in Kansas City, I had an opportunity
to study the different types of farm-
ing practiced in the states through
which I passed. Also, I attended the
American Royal Live Stock Show
where I saw the finest animals in the
world. Trips of this kind, as well aa
organized tours taken by thousands of
F. F. A. members each year, give farm
boys opportunity to visit many places
of intErest which they could not other-
wise have done except at considerable
One of the chief purposes of the F.
F. A. is to develop competent, aggres-
sive, rural and agricultural leadership.
To this end, each Chapter includes in
it's program of work many activities
that tend to develop leadership. The
organization, local, state and national,
sponsors many contests and every
member is given opportunity to parti-
cipate. Del-gates are present at stat
and national conventions; exhibits of
supervised farming work are prepared
and placed in local fairs; Father-Sen
banquets are held; radio programs aie
given, and n.ws articles written and
published in local newspapers and
farm magazines-all these and many
other activities are planned and carri-
ed out by the members themselves.
I believe that my training and -ex-
periknce in the F. F. A. will make me
a better leader in my community, a
better farmer, and a better citizen.

Editor's Note: This is a reproduction
of an address given by Billy Johnson,
President of the Florida Association,
Future Farmers of America, over the
WRUF series of programs sponsored
by the Florida Association. Billy is a
high school senior, lives at Gonsalez,
and plans to attend the University of
Florida next fall. Having been elected
to the F. F. A. presidency last June at
the State Convention, Billy has travel-
ed quite extensively over the state at-
tending meetings of local chapters, has
attended the National Convention
which recently closed in Kansas City,
Missouri, and will climax his work
this coming summer when he will pre-
side over the State Convention, F. F. A.
which will be held on our campus
here at the University of Florida.

November, 1938

Page 8


Seminole Sets Pace

In Chapter Building

In this picture is shown the new
headquarters for the Seminole Chapt-
er of Future Farmers of America, said
to be one of the best in the entire
South, which was designed by E. J.
Moughton and completed by WPA
workers at a cost of $10,000. It
measures 48 by 70 feet.
Long a dream of the Seminole
Chapter, F. F. A., for a building that
would be devoted entirely to Future
Farmer activities, class-room instruc-
tion, and chapter recreational funct-
ions, the large frame building newly
painted in white, became a reality in
time for the opening of the present
school term. The chapter membership
is composed of 40 boys who are study-
ing vocational agriculture in the re-
gular h:gh-school curriculum. The
chapter advisor, Mr. A. R. Johnson,
worked constantly with the boys in
in accomplishing their worth-While
goal. The main idea in planning the
building was to centralize activities on
the school farm. The building provid-
es shop and carpenter facilities which
were lacking in the past; also, re-
creational features for the boys. The
main class-room, 24 by 54 feet, will
seat 250 persons who may attend agri-
cultural meetings. It is planned soon
to install a large fireplace at the far
end of the main room. From his of-
fice in front of the class-room, which
occupies most of the west side of the
building, Mr. Johnson can keep an eye
on all class activities, and by means
of partitional windows can also check
on what is going on in the large shop
on the right, thus curtailing any poten-
tial mischief making. And since boys
will be boys, as Mr. Johnson knows
from long teaching experience, this
has proved to be wise planning. The
main class-room is well lighted by
nine windows, and at the rear is th'
kitchen, which is awaiting installation
of stove and sink. In front of the shop
is the shower and locker room. At the
rear of the shop, and permitting ready
access by an inclined drive, is a lar.e
vertical type opening garage door.
The school farm comprises some 22
acres of which 21/2 acres have over-
head irrigat on, 2 acres of tiled muck
land, 5 acres improved pasture, 4 acres
in woods and the balance in buildings
which aside from the class building
include a tenant building occupied by
the farm foreman, L. G'. Hill, a 20 by
46 feet poultry house, a meat curing
plant, nursery propagating house, mule
barn, w.evil type corn crib and im-
plement shed.
The agriculture course included.
home mechanics and is planned to
give each pupil a well rounded course
of instruction in practical farming


and ordinary home mechanics. The
farming work is centered around the
growing of market truck crops, poul-
try, live-stock, citrus and general
field crops. Ornamental nursery work
and home beautification is also in-
cluded. The practice work in home
mechanics includes such as building
concrete steps and s'dswalks, construc-
tion of small buildings and repairs to
houses, shop woodwork, simple home
plumbing and electrical work, and
hot and cold metal work.
This course also provides practice
work in public speaking and essay
writing and a regular program of
minor sports for recreation.
Every pupil of this class is eligible
to membership in the Future Farmers
of America which provides definite
training in leadership and many op-
portunities for individual competition.
Each pupil registered in the course is
required by regulations to carry out
a home project. This consists of a
program of work at home by the pupil
working in the production of crop of
which he is manager and owner. This
project work is for the purpose of
developing managerial ability and
provide a source of profit to the pupil.
The completion of this project by the
Ssminole Future Farmers should serve
to stimulate other F. F. A.'s in the
state to do likewise. Many Florida
chapters already have chapter houses.
Outstanding among these is the Home-
stead Chapter house.

Homestead Future Farmers

Entertain Georgia Chapter

The Homestead Chapter was host
for two days, the latter part of July
to the Douglas Chapter of Douglas-
ville, Georgia.
The members of the Homestead
Chapter planned to serve a fish sup-
per. They spent a week-end on Long
Key Bridge and caught approximately
150 pounds of fish. These fish were
carefully iced and kept until Monday
night. The first supper was prepared
and served at the Homestead Club
House in the outdoor living room. A
view of an outdoor living room with
furniture hewn out of native coral rock
may be seen in the picture on this
After dinner, the Homestead Chap-
ter sponsored a dance at the Club
House for the Douglasville boys. The
dance was followed by a swimming
party held in the Municipal Swimming
Pool. A number of high school girls
weri invited to the dance and swim-
ming party as guests of the Chapter
to assist in entertaining the visitors.
Tuesday was spent in visiting many
interesting agricultural and scientific
places in south Dade County. Upon
returning to the ClubHouse, both
chapters joined in a tree planting
ceremcny. The tree used was a ma-
hogany. There is one variety of ma-
hogany trees found growing on the
Florida Keys and is now being used
extensively as a shade tree in Dade
The members of the Homestead
Chapter found the Georgia Future
Farmers to be an excellent group of
boys and many friendships were start-
ed which should "lead us out of the
darkness of selfishness and into the
glorious sunlight of brotherhood and


November, 1938

Page 9


Otto F. Stock Gainesville, Florida

Champion 4-H Girls
To Club Congress

(Continued from page 6)
pete in regional contests for the selec-
tion of two additional Congress trips.
Miss Stone is 18 years old and ha3
completed seven years of 4-H club
work, her present home demonstration I
agent being Mrs. Bonnie J. Carter of
Marianna. She has done seven years
of gardening, canning, food prepara-
tion and health improvement, four
years of clothing, three of home im-
provement and baking, two of sew-
ing and pig raising, and one each of
dairy and poultry. She served last
year as president of the county coun-
cil of 4-H club work, and has a top
record in school. She graduated as
class valedictorian from the Sneads
High School in 1938. Her trip was
won on her all-around club record.
In the style dress revue Miss Mar-
gusrite Peterson of Pinellas emerged
victorious. This 17 year-old girl, with
8 years as a 4-H member, is a senior
in the Clearwater High School. She
has done eight years of home garden-
ing, five of clothing, four of home
improvement, two of nutrition and
health, and one each of food prepara-
tion, canning and baking. Miss Peter-
son is president of the State Council
of Junior Home Demonstration Work.
Her home agent is Miss Tillie Roesel.
Miss Frances Bever is another 17
year-old Pinellas senior in high school.
She is state champion in food prepara-
tion, a project which she has carried
for four years. She also has good
records in clothing, baking, canning,
gardening, home improvement, healtn
improvement, posture and leadership.
By becoming state champion in can-
ning achievement, Betty Rawle of
Palm Beach County follows in the
footsteps of her mother, who was
state champion among home demon-
stration women a few years ago. She
is 16 years old and a senior in high
school, and has been president of her
club for three years. Gardening, sew-
ing, canning, food and nutrition, and
poultry have been her projects, con-
ducted under the leadership of Mrs.
Edith Y. Barrus.
Miss Anna Jensen of Manatee wen
her spurs in baking and judging bread,
at which she is most proficient. She
has an excellent record in other
phases of 4-H club work as well, her
activities having been directed by
Miss Margaret Cobb, home demon-
stration agent.
In home grounds beautification Miss
Mary Lucy Hughes of Dade is high
for Florida, but she will compete with

state winners of the Southeast for one
trip to Chicago. Her agent is Miss
Eunice Grady. Miss Rachel Parker
of Holmes, Mrs. Bettie Caudle agent,
is a regional contestant in the handi-
craft project.

4-H Boys Sell Pigs
Sumter County 4-H club boys have
found ready buyers for their pure bred
Duroc and Poland-China pigs during
recent weeks. The demand for Poland-
China pigs was so strong that they
were unable to meet all offers, while
Duroc-Jerseys are readily sold when
offered for sale.

100 Attend 4-H Rally

More than 100 members attended
the recent county-wide rally of 4-H
club girls conducted by Miss Tillie
Rossel and Miss Margaret Alford, hom.F
demonstration agents. The event was
staged at the Fairgrounds near Largo,
and included a meeting of the County
Council of Junior Home Demonstration
Work and demonstrations in. various
phases of 4-H club work.

Sholarships Awarded
Eight boys were awarded scholar-
ships at the annual 4-H Short Course
last June. These scholarships are to
provide part of the expenses while the
various recipients are attending the
College of Agriculture at the Universi-
ty of Florida.
Six $100.00 scholarships were award-
ed by the Florida Banker's Associa-
tion to boys who made the highest
scores on an intelligence examination.
The winners and their various dis-
tricts were: Western, Wade McCall of
Lafayette County, and Elmer Fillingim
of Escambia ; Central, Leroy Fortner

Phone 257
Dry Cleaning
614 W. University Ave.
Gainesville, Florida

Chesnut Office Equipment
Gainesville, Florida

300 W. University Avenue

and Dan Roberts of Alachua County;
Southern, Ralph Townsend of Orange
and B. F. Dixon of Sumter County.
This is the 13th year that the Florida
Banker's Association has given these
scholarships to assist boys through
Each year the Hastings Potato Grow-
ers' Association gives a $250.00 scholar-
ship to the outstanding 4-H club boy
residing in Flagler, Putnam, and St.
Johns counties. Jack Flake of St
Johns received the award this year.
The Model Land Company of St
Argustine gives a $100.00 scholarship
to the boy who makes the highest
grade on an intelligence test given to
4-H club boys in St. Johns County.
This year's winner was Charles Jones.

Orlando, Fla.-Members of the Con-
way 4-H club for girls have shown a
great deal of interest in making furni-
ture, according to Mrs. Nellie W
Taylor, Orange County home agent.

Motion Pictures are your best


attend the

Sparks Theatres of


Page 10


November, 1938




Editor's Note: HenryL.
Pringle is a Past President and
Secretary of the Lake County
Horticultural Society and has
been a grower of citrus in Flor-
ida for the past several years.
It is obvious that any attempt to
thoroughly handle the above subject
assigned to me involves prognostica-
tion and prophecy. And we all know
the fate of him who sets himself up
as a prophet. An Historian is reason-
ably safe if he is honest in reporting
the facts as he finds them recorded.
The Scientist is safe so long as he
sticks to his precipitates. But the role
of the prophet is a dubious one. If he
is wrong he should have known better
and his motives are impugned. If he
is right, well--he's right and anybody
could have done as well.
There was perhaps never a season
faced by the grower with more mis-
giving than the present season. Pro-
duction has mounted steadily and
markedly for many years. New areas,
notably Texas, Palestine and Brazil,
are increasing production. California is
marketing its "biggest yet" orange
crop. Business indices show purchas-
ing power about 10 percent less than
last year.
Production is up, purchasing power
down. This ordinarily spells disaster.
Maybe it will this year, maybe not. Ti.
does seem beyond hope that all the
grapefruit can be marketed profitably.
Some of the hopeful factors are,
first: that Florida fruit is definitely of
better quality than last year. Second:
sun spot authorities tell us there is
less chance of freezing weather this
year. The period of maximum activiti-
es is supposed to have passed and more
normal temperatures and rainfall are
to be expected. That means better
fruit quality. The action in raising
grapefruit juice requirements is a step
in the right direction. Third: advertis-
ing of Florida citrus is being aggres-
sively continued. The effect of ad-
vertising is cumulative and our agen-
cies have more experience with our
particular problem. Kudner and
Company have shown a remarkable
desire to know their subject. There
will be more of that intimate and
necessary, almost rumbleseat coopera-
tion so necessary to take full advan-
tage of the market developed by the
Fourth: costs of merchandising are
being cut. Last year the use of the 2
bushel wire bound box cut costs.

Witness its wide spread use. The 2
bushel box has been legally banned
this year but surely the 1 3-5 bushel
wire bound box will be used. Paper with
expense incident to its use is pretty
definitely out. Freight rates are up
some but the Railroads have reason to
fear loss of large volume to Diesel
powered trucks. (Used far more ex-
tensively in the far west than here)
They may meet competition. Selling
costs are coming down too as volume
Fifth: the effect of grower organ:-
zation is bound to be felt. Florida
Citrus Growers, Inc. is the first state-
wide movement the State has ever seen
run by growers with their own money
for their own benefit. Every other
"grower movement" has always had a
"shipper" or '.shipping" angle to it
with resultant diversity of interest. As
a Eustis doctor recently said of an
aspirant to WPA honors: "He was born
with constitutional lethary and has
suffered severe and frequent relapses."
So the lethargic citrus grower has
finally quit looking for Moses and has
decided to buy his own compass and
paddle his own canoe across the Red
(ink) Sea. This grower organization is
working hard on a citrus marketing
agreement and order and there should
be an announcement in the daily press
most any day of the result of their
labor. A marketing agreement includ-
ing volume control and grade and size
regulations should do much toward
dealer confidence ard that should
mean wider distribution and better neo
Sixth: there may be organized help
in marketing from the chain and in-
dependent grocers. These campaigns
have been and can be of very real
value in moving a big crop.
Seventh: selling oranges by weight
is gaining more friends. Florida ad-
vertising will feature "More than 2
quarts of juice in 10 pounds of Florida
oranges." This will help reduce dis-
counts on "off" sizes (be they large
sizes or small sizes) and will give
Florida a definite advantage over
competing areas. Maybe something
similar can some day be done for
Eighth: the possibility of a govern-
ment purchase program is not too re-
mote and if properly run will tend to
raise and stabilize prices.
There are other factors that could
be mentioned, some rosy, some indigo.
This fact is certain, barring a major
disaster of some sort there won't be
any more $4.00-a-box-on-the-tree
oranges. The industry is down to a

basis where pennies count, where the
man with the truest fundamental
knowledge of soil conditions, who can
produce the best fruit cheapest is the
man, and the only man who will make
any money out of the growing of
citrus. That situation is one that
creates a multitude of opportunities to
students and research men. Better,
cheaper fertilizer must come, better.
cheaper sprays, better, more luxuriant
cover crops, better, cheaper farm tools
of all kinds, better, cheaper harvest-
ing, transportation, marketing and
selling. The lazy and ignorant man
can no longer keep a family of six on
10 acres of citrus and hire all his work
done too.
If "Every difficulty is somebody's
opportunity" the present Citrus situa-
tion offers an opportunity to us all.

Gonsalez: Members of the Tate
Chapter, F. F. A., have borrowed
$300.00 already this fall for financing
heir supervised farming activities.
The money was obtained from the
FTcduction Credit Assn. at Marianna.

an enc



Enough to worry
about without worry.
Sing about their fertile.
izer. NACO Fertilizers
give such uniformly
good results that farm.
ers cross this worry off their list when
they apply NACO to their crops.
and ease of mind...they bring results.




Page 11

November, 1938


Airms Of Florida
Citrus Commission

(Continued from page 3)
tangerines produced in Florida,
through the conduction of a publicity,
advertising and sales promotion camp-
aign to increase the consumption of
such grapefruit." et cetera.
Thus was Florida's biggest industry
provided with the machinery necessary
for presenting a united front against
the completion of other citrus produc-
ing areas in the markets of the nation.
The duties of the Commission are
manifold and its eleven members, all
of them practical growers or grower-
shippers, appointed by the Governol
for two year terms, serve without pay.
In the conference room at headquart-
ers in Lakeland will be heard discus-
sion and determination of regulations
governing such matters as grading
standards, maturity tests, fruit con-
tainers, licensing of handlers and the
many other problems entering into the
marketing of a forty million box crop.
Advertising and publicity campaigns
are carefully considered and discussed
so that the funds collected for ad-
vertising purposes can be made to
bring the greatest return to the in-
dustry. Sales promotion activities in
northern markets are reviewed and
revised at frequent intervals so that
this important work can be accurately
timed to the needs of the industry.

"I Dare You." These are the words
of William H. Danforth, author,
traveler, and President of the Ameri-
can Youth Foundation, who made pos-
Nation-wide promotions of citrus
fruits through organized grocery and
drug stores are planned and put into
operation in conjunction with other
producing areas so as to relieve the
burden of surplus production.
The season's advertising campaign,
prepared by Arthur Kudner, Inc., one
of the country's outstanding advertis-
ing agencies, will utilize newspapers,
magazines in full color, outdoor, street
car cards, and trade paper advertis-
ing and colorful store display materials
to pound home the superiority of Flor-
ida citrus fruits. All important north-
ern markets will be blanketed by this
campaign which is designed to in-
crease consumer preference for Florida
fruit and to prevent inroads of com-
petitive citrus in our rightful market.
The Citrus Commission is now en-
tering its fourth year and despite the
none too bright economic outlook it is
believed that the state advertising
campaign supported by the individual
activities of the many shipping or-
ganizations will show gratifying re-
sults this season.

sible the Danforth Fellowship trip
which I enjoyed this past summer.
During this month of fellowship, I
found out what it really means co
"wake up and live."
Every summer a junior from each
of 37 state agricultural colleges in the
United States and the Ontario Agri-
cultural College in Canada, has the
privilege of enjoying a month oi
recreation and education with expens-
es paid.
The Danforth Fellowship program is
centered around the four-fold develop-
ment of the individual-mentally,
physically, socially, and religiously.
The group of Danforth Fellows is
composed of very congenial boys and
bonds of friendship are formed in
this group which will endure long.
The first two week we spent in St.
(Continued on page 13)

District Representative
2057 Hernando Street
Plhone 289-W Gainesville, Florida






Business Manager Florida College Farmer

P. O. Box 2031-Gainesville, Fla.

Those who have a better class of
business can secure their insurance
from this Florida, Old Line Company.

American Fire and Casualty
WALTER L. HAYS, President

Four Weeks of Living

Home Office


Page 12


November, 1938


Agricultural Co

BY "Strawberry" SYFRETT
Many were the congratulations of-
fered to the Livestock Judging Team
and its coach, Doctor W. G. Kirk, af-
ter it won second place at the Balti-
more Livestock Show. What! A team
from the University of Florida ranked
next to Cornell University? Yes, and
it was by a very close margin that
Cornell won. To top the whole thing,
"Pug" Whitehurst was high point man
for Florida. Do not forget this team
was sponsored by the Block and Bridle
Club, the same club that staged the
"Little International Livestock Show
and Rodeo." The club has the full co-
operation of the Animal Husbandry
We cannot forget that there are
many more clubs in other departments
of the College of Agriculture as well
as one, the biggest of all, the Agri-
cultural Club.
Every boy in the Agricultural College
points to the Agricultural Club with
pride. It is the biggest and one of the
most active clubs on the campus. Make
a check-up-note all the big annual
events it sponsors, such as the annual
fish fry, Ag. College dance, the Rural
Youth Conference, and other things.
Every boy in the "Ag." College is
well pleased with the new dean, Doctor
H. H. Hume. Yes, sir, boys! You can
watch for many improvements in the
College of Agriculture. Dr. Hume has
a Master's degree from Iowa State
College, and a Dr. of Sc. from Clemson.
He is capable and energetic, and a
finer man for the position could not
have been found.
Long and well did Assistant Dean W.
L. Floyd work for the improvement of
the College of Agriculture. He was a
friend to every boy in the College and
the boys knew and appreciated this
fact. The man who excels Major Floyd
as dean of the College of Agriculture
will certainly make a noble record for
himself. We appreciate the fact that
Major Floyd, although he has resigned
his position, will still be on the staff
as adviser and part time worker.
Who said the Ag. College was not
progressing? Somebody was informed
that the Animal Husbandry Depart-
ment was now offering a Doctor of
Philosophy in Animal Nutrition. The
writer has checked on that matter and
it is no mistake. The Animal Hus-
bandry Department is capable of giv-
ing this Doctor's degree and it is as-
surance of the strength of this depart-
Life with some people is a process
of sitting down and watching the world
go by. Whether one sits down or works
with the crowd he will see fine mani-
festations of work, capability, and fine
spirit exhibited by the "ole" Ag. College
boys every day. Yes, sir, the ambitious
farm boys are fine fellows to know.
They do not fail to make a good

foxes is conducted.
The remainder of the first two weeks
of the fellowship was spent at the
factories proper in St. Louis. Classes
were attended in advertising, milling,
personnel, and salesmanship. The fact
was stressed that everyone must have
the ability of salesmanship in order to
attain success. Thte technique of
operation and management of a big
business was new to the entire group,
and we were all filled with an en-
thusiasm and ambition that will re-
main with us far into the future.
Two days and a night were spent in
.seeing the sights of Chicago, "the
windy city." A large part of our time
was spent at the Field Museum of
Natural History, the Planetarium, and
the Aquarium. The week-end spent in
Chicago is an experience which we
shall long remember.
After two strenuous and exciting
weeks in St. Louis and Chicago, we
were pleased to find ourselves among
the sand dunes of Camp Miniwanca,
.at the American Youth Foundation on
the shores of Lake Michigan. Under
the guidance of capable leaders and
teachers, and in the midst of out-
standing American youth, we spent
two of the most inspiring weeks of our
lives. The 350 boys at Camp Miniwanca
composed a select group of Future
Farmers of America, Boy Scouts, 4-H
club boys, and college leaders includ-
ing the 39 Danforth Fellows.
Each day in Camp a program was

Fire Prevention Day

The School of Forestry of the College
of Agriculture will have the regular
Forest Fire Prevention activities upon
the Austin Cary Memorial Forest dur-
ing November 21 and 22, immediately
following the Slash Pine Forest and
Farm Festival at Lake City.
During the second day, Tuesday, the
boys of the University Forestry Club
will stage their annual Field Day with
chopping, sawing, and timber estimat-
ing contests.

devoted to four-fold development. We
heard lectures by the country's most
successful business men. Classes were
held in the "Techniques of Leader-
ship," "Christian Ethics and At-
titudes," "Philosophy of Life," "Bal-
anced Four-Fold Development," and
"Life's Essentials." Each class was
conducted by a very able leader.
Each evening before sunset the ground
assembled on a great sand dune over-
looking Lake Michigan. For vesper
service, the setting alone brought a
great inspiration to every youth pre-
sent. Mr. Danforth's purpose of the
four weeks' fellowship is: "To help
students make decisions, to enlarge
their horizons, and to broaden their
contacts." Each boy, with definite aims
established, should seek to accomplish
this purpose. Mr. Danforth's dare:
"Be your own self, at your very best,
all of the time."

liege Comments Agricultural Scholarship

showing in campus activities in com- The Lions Clubs of the State of
prison to boys in other colleges on Florida are taking as one of their
the campus. major projects the establishment of a
A boy with his father went to a big fund to be used by Students in the
state fair. They went through the fair College of Agriculture at the Univer-
and saw many exhibits when they sity of Florida. Every Lions Club in the
came to an electric incubator and were state has established a quota which it
regarding it. They noticed that you had hoped to have met by November
could see the baby chicks hatching. of this year.
The father said, "Son, isn't it wonder- The Sparkes theatres are cooperat-
ful to see the chicks coming from tne ing with the local organizations by
egg?" Just stand here and watch the permitting them to sell tickets on a
chicks hatch inside of the incubator." two-day run show and to use the re-
"Yes," replied the boy, "But what turns from this sale for the scholar-
puzzles me most is how the little ship fund.
rascals got in the egg." So, life is- The Lions Club of Gainesville in-
hat is a puzzle to one person s never stigated this project. Harry Schadd of
thought of by another and what is a Gainesville is chairman of the state
wonderful thing to one person may committee for the Loan Fund. Other
never even be considered by someone e e f the comm.
else. Maybe after all, such makes life members ofthe committee are: D. R.
worth e after all, such makes life Matthews, Gainesville, Sr. Schyrock,
O cala, Ernest Mass, Tampa, and Fred
Noble, Jacksonville, Joe Taratino of
Four Weeks Of Living Tampa, district governor of the Lions
for Florida, is ,an honorary member.
(Continued from page 12) ; This fund has been created for the
Louis, the first four days on the ex- purpose of permitting men who have
perimental farm of a leading feed mill shown that they have capabilities in
about 40 miles out of the city. Each the study of agriculture to continue
boy fed the experimental animals and5 their studies. This fund is only
gained experience that will be of much available to those who are enrolled as
value to him in the future. Experi- upperclassmen in the College of
mental work in developing and im- Agriculture.
proving feeds for all classes of live-
stock, poultry, rabbits, dogs, and

November, 1938


Page 13


A decade ago our forefathers found
that conditions on the East Coast of
Florida were excellent for the pro-
duction of citrus except for one factor,
the prevailing winds. These winds
scarred the fruit and in some cases
caused the fruit to drop, broke small
branches, bruised the leaves, and in
general caused a condition favorable
for the infestation of the trees by in-
sects and disease. The solution of this
problem caused considerable interest
and resulted in an accumulation of
data on the most adaptable species of
trees and shrubs to be used for the
protection of citrus from devastation
by high winds.
The species to be used would have
to be inexpensive, of fast growth, high
in elasticity, thus causing a minimum
amount of damage to the species by
breakage due to high winds, and above
all have the property of breaking the
force of the wind, thus protecting the
citrus trees.
Florida found the answer to this
problem in the Beefwood or Australian
pine (CASAURINA sp.). Several dif-
ferent kinds of this tree are adaptable
for windbreaks. In the central part of
the state, the species CUNNING-
HAMIANA is found best suited, but on
the coast where there is more need for
protection from high winds, the species
LEPIDOPHLOIA, which has a much
thicker foliage, is more desirable.
LEPIDOPHLOIA has not been
known to swed in Florida, but it can be
propagated by root suckers whicn
sprout freely. These roots unless some
means of sub-soil pruning is used will
sap the citrus trees. Some find it more
advantageous to cut a ditch between
windbreak and citrus trees every three
or four years to the depth of four feet
or more.
Windbreaks affect the temperature
of the protected site during winds,
causing a rise in temperature during
the day and a smaller decrease in
temperature by night. Since frosts
occur when there is practically no
wind, the presence of the windbreaks
should be no factor in creating any
frost hazard in this respect. In fact,
the complete stagnation of the air
should be beneficial where smudg-
pots are used.
Another important factor to be con-
sidered is the effectiveness of the wind-
break in conserving the moisture of
the ground by preveting a proportion-
ate amount of evaporation among the
citrus trees. A decrease of 65 percent
in evaporation is found to be the re-
sult of an effective windbreak. This of
course applies only to the immediate
lee of the windbreak.
Those who have used windbreaks to
best advantage find that it is advisible

to depend on windbreaks to affect 10
rows of citrus trees. From available
data the effectiveness of the windbreak
to be used should rate 50 percent ir
wind reduction. For winds of average
velocity cited from 5 to 30 miles per
hour, and for windbreaks from 25 to
30 feet in height there should be an
effective zone of influence to six times
the height of the shelter, or to illust-
rate perhaps more clearly a windbreak
30 feet high should be effective 180

Citrus Meal Has Only
Fair Value For Poultry

Florida poultrymen have always
more or less suffered from the necessi-
ty of having to import most of their
feed from the corn belt. Citrus pulp.
a carbohydrate product produced by
macerating and drying the peel, and
seed, residues of the citrus canneries,
would partly solve this problem, if
citrus pulp meal could be successfully
employed in poultry rations.
The Florida Agricultural Experiment
Station has taken upon itself the in-
vestigation of this possibility under the
direction of Professor N. R. Mehrhof,
Head of Research and Teaching in the
Poultry Division of the College ot

Windbreaks Serve Citrus Growers

The importance of sound condition and fine appearance
is emphasized at every auction sale. Buyers who pay top
prices take no chances-they pay a premium for appear-
ance and keepability.
For more than a decade Brogdex treated fruit has been
sold in all terminal markets. Its uniformly fine finish and
its better keeping qualities are well known to the trade.
Not only do buyers prefer Brogdex fruit but many of them
will buy no other kind.
Brogdex has earned this market preference through the
development of a method of wax application that provides
a very high control of decay and wilt and an exceptional-
ly fine finish. It has become the recognized standard and
is without a worthy rival among any of the "just as good"
substitutes being offered.
These are advantages that may be measured in terms of
net profit-control your shrinkage losses and it means in-
creased business and better prices every time.


Dunedin Florida

Agriculture, University of Florida. Ex-
tensive experiments on the utilization
of citrus meal in poultry rat ons have
been conducted to determine its value
in promoting chick growth, market
poultry production, laying stock, and
egg production.
All experiments, thus far have been
carried out under battery conditions
Four lots of baby chicks were original-
ly started, each receiving a different
level of citrus meal. Levels of citrus
meal used were 5, 10, 15, and 20 per-
cent as a substitution for corn meal in.
all mash rations. One group was fece
a standard ration.
Part of the pullets from each of the
groups were placed in individual lay-
ing cages in September, 1937, to de-
termine egg productivity under each
level of citrus meal. All eggs laid were
examined to measure the effect of the
rations on egg quality.
This year experiments will be con-
ducted to determine the effect ol
feeding citrus meal rations under
range conditions to pullets reared on
standard rations. Different levels of
citrus meal will also be used in this
While the results of these experi-
ments have not been given to the
public as yet, Professor Mehrhof ex-
presses himself as believing that citrus
meal may be used in poultry rations ii
a limited amount.

Page 14


November, 1938


o sons
3eurelers --'- &rersmiths + Opticians
'Gainesville. Florida.


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Lowest Cost in
handling or apply-
Most Crop for each
unit of plant-food
Lowest Fertilizer
Cost for each unit
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Sendfor our booklet


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Quality Fertilizers and




November, 1938

Page 15

Haines City



Only Digestible Food Makes Milk

It 'akes about 80 lbs. of digestible
other words, one pound of digestible
of milk.

feed to produce 100 lbs. of milk; in
feed should produce about 114 lbs.

Each 100-lb. bag of Dried Citrus Pulp contains 75.8 lbs. of digestible
feed, which is more than any other Pulp;-a bag of CITRUS PULP
should produce 94.75 lbs. of milk or about 5 lbs. more than any other

It is not how cheaply you
You are looking at:

owned by DINSMORE DAIRY CO., Dins
has completed a State REcord of thl Chai
Br:eds for milk production. Her record
pounds milk and 666.2 pounds butterfat. Sh
record while being fed SUNI-CITRUS PU

MolassEs cooked into C
gladly furnished.

can buy fe ed, but how cheaply you can produce

You may not be interested in breaking milk
R production records, but you are interested in
producing milk with the least possible cost.
The Citrus crop is much larger-we are expect-
ing to operate our plant continuously, meaning
lower costs and we have, therefore, reduced our
prices to the lowest on record.
We are very careful of our quality; 3 powerful
electro-magnets remove all metal; ours is the
only Citrus Pulp which has added to it the rare
*minerals so necessary in the Southeast.

There are also many other reasons why:
more, .la..
nnel Island
vas 14,225.7 *
e made .ler

S FEED is a concentrated feed of Florida Cane
:rapefruit. Samples of our products will be

Phone 3411
Our family has been growing Citrus in Florida continuously since 1908.

Sales Agents:



4650 Polaris St.

Fage 16

November, 1938

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