Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00025
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00025
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text


Florida College
Published by Agricultural Students at the Uni








Jacksonville Miami

Exclusive distributors for CHERRY BURRELL CORPORATION,
manufacturers of all kinds of machinery for dairies, milk plants and ice

cream plants.



In One or More Colors


The Tampa Times Engraving Plant



Engravers for the "Seminole" and "Florida Alligator"

Page 2


April, 1938


Editorially Speaking

The Florida College Farmer presents another spe-
cial F. F. A. edition, and it is with the greatest sin-
cerity that we offer our thanks for the cooperation
received from this organization in the past. The State
Association, F. F. A., will now publish its own maga-
zine, The Florida Future Farmer. Our desire is that
the magazine will be most successful in every respect.
-The Staff.
In my work and study in vocational agriculture
during the past four years I have found that farm-
ing is lo a certain extent a game of chance. A farmer
never knows what his harvest will be when he plants
a crop.
I began my work in 1933 with two projects. I
had 32 chickens and one-fourth acre of Irish pota-
toes. I lost 75 cents on my potato crop due to the
weather, but my poultry project made the loss good.
This goes to show that a farmer needs to carry more
than one enterprise on his farm so that if he loses
on one he will probably make the loss and more on
another enterprise.
My second year was better than the first. I car-
ried 50 baby chicks, one acre of cane, and one-half
acre of pepper. I made $40 on my acre of cane,
$30 on my poultry proj-
ect, and $40 on the half
acre of pepper. TI Florida
The third year I carried The lorida
the cane project over as a
project to begin in my work Published by represent
for the year. I carried COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE
four acres of citrus, 50 GAINESV
baby chicks, half acre of
cane. With good weather EDITO]
and hard work I cleared a J. CLYDE DRIGGERS, '38
good profit. I made $60 EDWIN B. WEISSINGER,
dollars on the citrus grove, LESTER POUE, '40
$145 on my pepper crop, BUSIN
$60 on the half acre of HENRY C. LUNSFORD, '38
cane, and $35 on my poul- Ross E. MovRY, '38 ...
try. CHARLES O. ALLAN, '38
I am now in my fourth EDITORIAL S
year, carrying one acre of OSCAR K. MOORE '38.......
cabbage. seven acres of cit- EUGENE H. BOYLES, '41
runs and one acre of cane MYRON CRENNELL, '41 ..
for my projects. WILLIAM H. STONE, '38
I think that a person CHARLES CLYMORE, '38
who puts everything he E. WILTON STEPHENS,'
has in farming will always R. T. NEUMANN, '38
make good. AYNE P. DEAN, '38
make good. FRANK H. RICH, '38
-Philip Barwick. SIDNEY P. MARSHALL, '.

Since man first kept a
farm his beasts have
As much a part of it as
crops lie grew.
The patient ox, four thou-
sand years ago,

R. F. Tucker, '38: J. I
'38; A. L. French, Jr.,
Sturgen Rothe, '39.
H. H. H

Was plowing Egypt's fields to make them green;
The ass was bearing burdens; that mild queen
Of all our animals, the cow, would do
Her milk down in the pail and gently moo;
And swine, dogs, horses, goats, were also seen.

Some of these beasts have felt the change of years,
Oxen no longer plow; farmers endorse
Trucks' and not asses' hauling; it appears
The rest keep their old duties save the horse.
And he, poor beast, licked by the modern factor
Has been supplanted by a noisy tractor.
-E. W. B.

I believe in the future of farming, with a faith
born not of words but of deeds-achievements won
by the present and past generations of farmers; in
the promise of better days through better ways, even
as the better things we now enjoy have come up to
us from the struggles of former years.
I believe that to live and work on a good farm is
pleasant as well as challenging; for I know the joys
and discomforts of farm life and hold an inborn
fondness for those associations which, even in hours

of discouragement, I can
I believe in leadership

College Farmer

ives of Student Organizations

'40 .......................M managing Editor
Associate Editor
S..............................Business M manager
.....Assistant Business Manager
........................Circulation M manager
...................College of Agriculture
4-H Club
..Future Farmers of America
GTON, '38 ................. Alumni Notes
Ag. Engineering
................. ..............A g. E conom ics
38 Horticulture
............................F orestry
..................... ......................... E n tom ology
A gronomy
38 ........................Animal Husbandry
........................... Poultry H usbandry
I. Jones, '38; G. L. Boydston.
'41; Walter Badger, '40; and

UME, Chairman

tion Fifty Cents

not deny.
from ourselves and respect
from others. I believe in
my own ability to work ef-
ficiently and think clearly,
with such knowledge and
skill as I can secure, and
in the ability of organized
farmers to serve our own
and the public interest in
marketing the product of
our toil. I believe we can
safeguard those rights
against practices and poli-
cies that are unfair.
I believe in less depend-
ence on begging and more
power in bargaining; in
the life abundant and
enough honest wealth to
help make it so-for oth-
ers as well as myself; in
less need for charity and
more of it when needed; in
being happy myself and
playing square with those
whose happiness depends
upon me.
I believe that rural Am-
erica can and will hold true
to the best traditions in
our national life and that
I can exert an influence
in my home and commu-
nity which will stand solid
for my part in that inspir-
ing task.


Page 3


April, 1938


You Scientific Farmers-

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fertilizers, backed by scientific knowledge and com-
pounded from fine materials. IDEAL Brands are
such fertilizers-the helpful tools that, in your skill-
ed hands, will make Florida lands produce larger,
better crops. We urg- you to test for yourselves
the superior merits of IDEAL Fertilizers.

Jacksonville, Florida.



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Produce Greater Quantities of
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of the





Agricultural Chemistry
Agricultural Education
Agricultural Engineering
Animal Husbandry



Dean Wilmon Newell
College of Agriculture
University of Florida

Tampa, Florida


April, 1938

Page 4

The Florida College Farmer

Published by Agricultural Students at the University of Florida


APRIL, 1938

How I Won Master Future Farmer Award
By JOHN R. JONES, JR., '41

No. 3

Four years ago as a freshman in
the Seminole High School at Sanford.
I enrolled il a class of vocational
agriculture, became a member of the
Seminole Chapter F. F. A., and re-
ceived the Green Hand Degree in that
Since my father was unable to help
me finance an elaborate project pro-
gram I started my first year's work
on a small scale, with plans for in-
creasing my project program the fol-
lowing year. My projects this first
year were: Bees. 21 colonies: mixed
truck 3/4 acre; and 68 hours of work
on the farm for wages. My total labor
income for this first year was $119.41.
The second year. 1934-35. I, with the
use of my earnings from the previous
year, was able to increase mny progranll
to four projects, namely : Bees 25
colonies; mixed truck 3 acres: feed
corn 5 acres; hogs for meat 4 head;
and 131 hours of work on the farm
for wages.
The third year in high school I in-
creased my projects only slightly. I
kept the truck crops at 3 acres, in-
creased the bees to 40 colonies, in-
creased to 23 head of hogs for meat.
added 1/4 acre of Australian Pine
nursery, and worked 370 hours on the
farm for wages.
The fourth year, 1936-37. I increased
practically all my projects and added
some new ones. My project program
this year included: Bees 55 colonies:
mixed truck 81/2 acres: feed corn 6
acres: hogs for meat 11 head: brood
sows 5; dairy cows 2 head: Australian
pine nursery 1/% acre; and 100 hours-
work on the farm for wages. My labor
income for this year was $1,776.50.
During my entire project program
I lost money on only one project
$225.14 on 31/ acres of escarole as
part of my mixed truck project in
1936-37. My project labor income on
all projects for the four years was
$1,539.17. The average labor income
per year was $1,134.79. I worked a
total of 3.286 hours during the four
years, at anl average labor income of
$1.38 per hour. My average scholastic
average in all high school subjects for
the four years was 89.
I have invested in farming at the
present time a total of $6,700.00. This
includes all farm equipment, livestock,
40000 Australian Pine Seedlings, 40
acres of land that I own, and cash
on hand. The amount invested being
greater than the total income is due
to the increase in value of my Aus-
tralian pine nursery, and my bees.
Also I bought the 40 acres of land
on a taxdeed for a small sum.

Offices and Degrees Held in F. F. A.
Elected to Future Farmer Degree
F. F. A.
Elected to Executive Committee,
Seminole Chapter.
1935 36
Elected Secretary of Seminole Chap-
ter F. F. A.
Elected to State Planter degree lby
the Florida Association F. F. A.
Won first place in the State Master
Future Farmer award.
Won the American Farnmer degree
at lhe National F. F. A. convention
at KIansas City.
Won second place in Seminole Chap-
ter public speaking contest.
Served as vice-president of Seminole
Chapter F. F. A.
Reporter of District F. F. A. Asso-
Reporter of Florida Association,
F. F. A.

John R. Jones, Jr.

Miscellaneous Leadership Activities
1933 1937
Teacher of Boy's Class, Congrega-
tional Church. Sanford.
Manual training instructor, Vocation
Bible School. Sanford.
Member of Odd Fellow Lodge No.
27. Sanford.
Vice-president. Seminole County Live-
stock Association.
Menlber of Seminole County Agri-
cultural Association.

Member of Sanford Celery Control
Survey, Sanford.
I am now a freshman at the Uni-
versity of Florida and plan to major
in IIorticulture.
I consider the biggest factor that
has contributed to my success was the
wholehearted cooperation that I re-
ceived from my parents Mr. and Mrs.
.Tohn R. Jones. Sr.. in the many enter-
prises which I undertook during my
high school career. Although my
father was not able to help me fi-
nancially to any great extent, he did
all lie could to help me. He seldon
refused to grant a request, no matter
what it happened to be. and I feel
that he deserves the greater part of
the credit for what I have done.

Future Farmers Win Prizes
At the Florida State Fair

By E. W. STEPHENS. '33
At the third annual F. F. A. Day
at the State Fair. Jan. 29. 1938. there
were nearly 100 chapters represented
by approximately 3.000 boys. Judging
beef cattle, hay, grain. meat, and fruit
exhibits was in the participation that
Each chapter entered a team for
judging livestock. The teams judged
Iereford, Aberdeen Angus. and Brah-
ma Cattle. The tenm winning first
prize was from -Hawthorne. The next
highest were: Mariannn, Ancilla. Kis-
simmiee. and rM'nticello. in order.
The North Florida Chapters entered
leancs for jlud2ing exhibits of hay,
grain, and meats. The teams from the
following chapters were rated the five
highest: Green Core Springs. Jasper,
Jay. Taurel THill and LTke City.
Chapters in South Florida entered
teams for judging exhibits of citrus
fruits and vegetables. The following
teams rated the highest: Apopka.
Stuart. Bunnell, Bushnell. and Turkey
The pronranl in the afternoon was
held in the grandstand. Mr. J. F.
Williams. State Supervisor of Agricul-
ture Education and State Adviser of
the F. F. A.. was supervisor of the
program. Earl Faircloth, State Presi-
dent of F. F. A., acted as chairman
and introduced the following distin-
guished persons who gave short ad-
dresses: Hon. Colin English, State
Superintendent of Public Instruction;
Dr. J. H. Linke. Office of Education,
Washington. D. C.. National Advisor
F. F. A.: Hon. Nathan Mayo. State
Commissioner of Agriculture; and
IIon. Fred C. Elford, Poultry Commis-
sioner for the Dominion of Canada.
(Continued on page 7)



F. F. A. Chapter Activities

The Crescent City F. F. A. Chapter
has had two outstanding accomplish-
ments this year. The first one was a
play that was put on in November
The name of the play was "Aaron
Slick from Punkin Crick." All the
characters, both male and female, were
played by members of the F. F. A.
Much interest and enthusiasm was
shown by the boys in putting on this
play. The chapter cleared $67.45 after
all expenses were paid. This money
was used in putting on a Father and
Son Banquet, and also to defray other
expenses that will be confronting the
chapter from time to time.
The other outstanding activity was
our Father and Son Banquet. This
was undoubtedly the best and most
satisfactory banquet ever held in
Crescent City. The boys spent much
time in preparing for the occasion.
Lester Poucher. national F. F. A. presi-
dent was speaker of the evening.
Lester made a hit with all the boys.
They were proud of their president.
Also attending the banquet and tak-
ing part on the program was Mr. H. E.
Wood and John Jones. Mr. Wood in-
terviewed John in regard to his pro-
ject work while attending Seminole
High School of Sanford. Fla. This
inter-iew was very enlightening to all
of the fathers and guests at the
-Morris Reed.

The Ponce de Leon Future Farmer
Chapter is making progress toward
accomplishing one of its objectives set
up in their annual program of work.
This objective was to improve the
grade of hogs in this community. In
working toward the accomplishment
of this objective the members have
bronrht into the community 20 reg-
istered gilts to carry as a part of their
project program. As a cooperative
project, they have purchased a pure-
bred male for the purpose of breeding
these gilts. This male is also avail-
able to all farmers in the community
who care to use him.
We feel that this is a very worth-
while objective for a chapter in any
comlllnity and especially in this com-
munity. Up until the time that this
idea was fostered by this organization.
there was not one registered hog, or
one eligible for registration in this
community. In fact. there were no
hogs in the community which could
even he considered as improved stock.
We can already see the results of our
efforts. The idea for improving the
stock seems to be spred''nr a'"ong the
farmers of this community like a con-
tagious disease. The farmers are not
only talking purebred stock. but they
are actually going out of the com-
munity and bringing in improved
stock themselves.
-Ausley Norris.

The Williston Chapter F. F. A. is
working in conner -tion with the TT. S.
D. A. in maintaining a weather temp-
erature station.

Springhead is a Strawberry and
truck farming community five miles
southeast of Plant City in Hillsborough
County. It has a junior high school,
in which Future Farmer work started
years ago. Since then it has made rapid
progress in its activities.
Six dollars, derived from a box sup-
per in 1933, started a growing bank
account. Since then the chapter has
put in a Future Farmer booth at the
Plant City Strawberry Festival each
year, and for the past three years
they have also put in the Springhead
Community Exhibit. Through these
exhibits they have swelled their bank
account to approximately $200. Their
judging teams have also won cash
prizes at the Florida State Fair in
Tampa. The Future Farmers there car-
ry out a three point program-study,
work and recreation.
At present the chapter consists of
only a part-time class of which about
50% are high school graduates. They
meet each Thursday night and study
the various problems that confront the
farm boy.
They learn to do by doing what they
have studied in class. They have set
more than a hundred shrubs on the
school campus, and as a result have
one of the most beautiful school
grounds in this section of the country.
Recreation completes their program.
They have one of the strongest diam-
ondball teams in the state, also a
strong horseshoe club. Their camps are
always looked forward to by every
member, each of whom participates in
fishing, boating. swimming and other
things, while the meals are being pre-
pared by the official chowder cook and
adviser of the chapter, J. G. Smith.
-Eugene Turner and F. A. Shuman.

The Largo Chapter Future Farmers
of America, under the supervision of
Mr. G. C. Howell, has purchased an
incubator with a capacity of 600 eggs.
The purpose of this purchase is to
hatch chicks from blood-tested flocks
and high producing stock with the
idea of improving the farm poultry
of Pinellas County. As soon as the
chapter members have enough blood-
tested hens to furnish the chapter with
its eggs, the chapter will buy its
hatching eggs from the boys in the
A committee of three boys is ap-
pointed to care for the incubator each
time there is a setting. In this man-
ner the work will be done without
any cost. and the boys will also gain
experience on the running of a hot
water system incubator.

The members of the Bell Chapter
F. F. A. are constructing a building
22 by 24 feet to be used as a combina-
tion classroom and farm shop. This
building was a rural school donated
to the chapter by the County School
Board. The boys wrecked the building.
transported it 13 miles. and are now
reconstructing the building on the
northeast corner of the Bell school

The Sarasota Chapter, Fntnre Farm-
ers of America, has several cooperative
projects in operation. One of these is
the growing and fattening of 19 hogs.
We have a three-acre pasture. fenced
in with three feet of hog-wire fencing.
In this pasture we keep our brood
sows and pigs. until the pigs are about
six weeks old. At this time, the pigs
are given to members of the chapter,
to grow out and fatten, on a 50-50
share basis. When the member receives
the pir, he signs a contract that reads
as follows:
"It is understood and agreed that
the member is to take complete charge
of said pig. When the pig reaches the
weight of 125 pounds. he is to be
sold, and one-half of the net proceeds
of sale are to go to the Sarasota Chap-
ter, Future Farmers of America."
The contract is then signed by the
President of the Chapter. Adviser of
the Chapter, member receiving the pig,
and one parent of the member.
The Sarasota Chapter has at this
time 11 pigs out under this contract,
and interest has built up to such an
extent that the Chapter is planning
to buy several more pigs to place
among the members of the Chapter.
-Orbidur Gill and Hanson Gay.

Our outstanding accomplishments
this past year are:
30 minute radio program, over
Rited first in District four in the
state chapter contest, winning $15.00.
Chapter members have landscaped
and beautified seven individuals homes.
Members served as gatemen at all
school football games.
Sponsored and held joint initiations
of three chapters. (DeLand. Sanford
and Crescent City) in this district.
Won honorable mention and fourth
place with Agriculture float in the
school Homecoming parade.
Planned and built booths for annual
Garden Market of Garden Club of
DeLand. Had one booth for chanter,
selling $18.00 worth of boys' products
from projects.
Pruned 27 acres of citrus arove as
cooperative activity, made $100.00.
Bought cooperatively 200 Australian
pine trees and sold them at 150%
Secured farm shop through NYA.
Twenty-six members attended Tampa
fair. Won $10.00 in cash prizes in
Two members won second and third
places in District in the State Master
Future F'armer contest.
Won $25 in prizes in Future Farmer
Booth at Volusia County Fair.
Bought two tons of fertilizer, three
bushels of seed, and $15.00 worth of
baby chicks cooperatively.
Sold $87.00 worth of farm products

The Citrus Chapter F. F. A. reports
that they have just completed a re-
forestation project. Ten acres of land
was set in longleaf pine seedlings.
Plants for the project were grown by
the chapter.

Page 6

April, 1938


A. R. Howard Selected As State Master Teacher

The Master Teacher for the State
of Florida in 1936-37 was Mr. Alvan
R. Howard of Wauchula. To accom-
plish this goal in life. he had to over-
come the great difficulties which face
many thousands of farm boys. To give
you an idea of the many difficulties
which confronted him, it might he well
to give a short review of his life.
Alvan Roscoe Howard was horn
October 30, 1909, at a naval stores
camp operated by his father in the
southern part of Levy County.
The early part of his life was spent
in several of the small communities of
the central part of the state where his
father had naval stores interests. He
attended. for the most part, small
rural schools during the first seven
years of his school life.
In March of 1920 he suffered the
irreplaceable loss of his father. After
his father's death he spent most of
his time on his grandfather's farm
at Chiefland, during which time he
finished the eighth and ninth grades.
It was during these two years that
he and the good fortune of being a
student in the vocational agriculture
classes taught by Mr. J. F. Williams.
Jr., who is now State Supervisor of
Vocational Agriculture for Ilhe State
of Florida. Under the c:i ildle le der-
shin of Mr. Williamnis anid due to his
ability to inspire rural youth, the pat-
tern of A. R. Howard's later life was
After completing tie ninth grade
he was forced to drop out of school
and go to work to hein his widowed
mother send his three sisters to school.
For four years during tile now re-
nowned Florida lb)on. lie worked ill
a combination grocery store and meat
market in Lakeland as a meat cutter.
During this tinle lie received valuable
training in meeting and dealing with
the public.
In the fall of 1927 lie returned to
high school at Cedar Keys, where lie
worked his way through the remain-
ing three grades of school in two
years by driving a school bus.
After graduating from high school.
he worked one year on his grand-
father's farm; and then entered the
University of Florida in the fall of
1930 on a self-supporting basis, work-
ing in the Cafeteria for his meals and
for the University's Athletic Associa-
tion for other necessities.
Upon entering college he selected
the Smith-Hughes course, having been
influenced by the love of farm life
and the training received from Mr.
Williams. The course was completed
in three years and three summers.
During the Summer School of 1932
he was married to Miss Lillis Buie of
Bonifay, Florida. who has proven to
be not only a wife but a helpmate
as well.
On August 8. 1933. four days after
college graduation, there was born to
this family, Anne Howard, a blessing
as well as an inspiration.
On September 1 1933, Mr. Howard
accepted the position as teacher of
vocational agriculture in the Hardee
County High School in which capacity

he has continued for four years The
fourth year of his work resulted in
achieving the honor of being Master
Teacher of Florida.
A study of his winning record of
1936-37 shows that he conducted three
all-day classes, one part-time class
composed of 12 "out-of-school boys"
between the ages of 16 and 25, and
an evening class of 17 adult citrus
farmers that was organized and taught
at the Lemon Grove school house. The
total enrollment in these classes was
79 pupils.
In setting up the course jobs to be
taught, development of the following
three abilities was always considered:
(1) to make a living and develop a
home; (2) to secure and preserve an
economic income; (3) individual and
group participation in social activities
as a means toward a more complete
living. Both first-year and advanced
students have had as part of their
course, jobs relating to Future Farmer
activities and forestry; in addition,
each student has spent approximately
an average of one day a week working
in the farm shop.

A. R. Howard

All classes participated in farm shop
work, except the adult and part-time
evening classes. In the farm shop
work, each all-day boy has spent an
average of one double period per week
working in the agriculture school shop.
Each boy made a survey of the shop
needs of his home farm. From this
survey he selected a list of shop jobs
that he could do in the school shop.
Each boy then worked individually to
accomplish his calendar.
The land laboratory plot was con-
ducted as the Future Farmer Chapter
project. This project was one acre of
strawberries and one-half acre of cab-
blge. It also contained an ornamental
and a citrus nursery. A net profit of
approximately $50.00 was realized from
this project.
The teacher has developed a long-
time teaching program for the high

school vocational agriculture course
which is based on farm surveys made
by each pupil. This program contain-
ed a teaching plan for each job taught.
Each plan was divided into the fol-
lowinl parts: (1) state -ent of job;
(2) situation as it now exists: (3)
objectives to be reached: (4) prepara-
tion: (5) presentation; (6) applica-
tion: and (7) testing.
Under" the supervised practice pro-
gram. Mr. Howard h-d each all-day
p'iil to set up -n ideal long-ti"'e pro-
ject program with the idea of develop-
ing into the ty-e of fnar"'in" for which
he is training. Ninety-five per cent of
the all-dny boys carried project pro-
g-a'"s of s"ffici"nt size as to refq" n-
bhly expect a labor income of $150 00.
Ninety per cent of the pupils enrolled
in all-day cl-s es have had a project
p'ograml of th''ee or move enterlrises.
Thb supervised preatice of the evening
class was set up as the use of chnni"ed
or i"-proved methods of fertilizing
citrus groves.
Mr. lo"-ard has always encurmneed
and assisted the F. F. A Chapter in
any w-y that he could. The develop-
Ient of the individulll ie"-bers has
heen his n"i,'"rv olhective The teach-
er has performed the fo'low'n? duties
in conne-t'on with the Future Farmer
1. Acted as adviser of the local
cl',-ter attending a11 the remulr meet-
ings fnd all meetings of the executive
2. Supervised the chapter in setting
up a program of work which was
entered in the National Chapter Con-
3. Assisted the chapter in putting
on a Father-and-Son Banquet with ap-
proximately 125 fathers and sons
4. Assisted the chapter in making
an accomplishment report for the pre-
ceding year.
5. Had each officer secure a Manual
and learn his part of the regular
6. Hrd the proper insignia placed
at each officer's station.
7. Had delegates elected to the
State Convention and saw that they
8. Had representatives entered in
all major contests.
9. Has used the chapter as a place
to develop leadership in the boys.
10. Aided the chanter in sponsoring
a booth at the Strawberry Festival.
11. Aided the chapter in earning
money for re-equipping the farm shop
by: (a) putting on a negro minstrel;
(b) working at festival carnival; and
(c) cooperative chapter project.
12. Has carried the members to the
State Fair in Tampa.
13. Has coached the chapter quartette.
14. Has coached the chapter diamond
ball team.
15. Has coached the boys in making
public speeches.
16. Has helped 25 boys write essays
for F. F. A. Essay Contest.
In addition to the foregoing Future
Farmer activities, Mr. Howard made
121 individual service calls to farm-
(Continued on page 7)

April, 1938

Page 7


Chapter Activities

The Greensboro Chapter of Future
Farmers has accomplished many jobs
this year but they have a large num-
ber more to accomplish. The accom-
plishnents are as following:
Remodeled Farm Shop and class-
room by making new cabinets for
tools, made four work benches with
wooden vices on them, and made six
tables for classroom and magazine
The Greensboro Chapter won first
place in the district, and second place
in the West Florida Fair.
Six boys from the Greensboro Chap-
ter judged in Tampa and won $10.00.
First place winners in the district
for Master Future Farmer Contest.
The Chapter built a fish pond and
a rock garden for the school.
The Chapter organized a boxing
Borrowed $500 from the Production
Credit Association.
The Greensboro High School boys
have 90 productive projects, making
an average of 3% projects per boy.
and they also have 52 improvement
projects and 142 supplementary farm
The Greensboro eighth grade boys
have 20 productive projects an average
of 21/ projects per boy. They also have
10 improvement projects and 53 sup-
plementary practices. The total for
all boys is 110 productive projects. and
this makes an average of 3 7/16 pro-
jects per boy.
The Greensboro Chapter entered 10
essays in the Chilean Nitrate of Soda
The Greensboro Chapter has pur-
chased all F. F. A. banner, steel vice,
and $25 stock in the Monticello Credit
The Chapter has earned $8.00 at the
district fair, fixing booths for the
school carnival $4.00, district contest
$15.00, boxing bouts $22.45. and $10.00
for judging in the Tampa fair. The
total amount the Chapter had earned
in $59.46.
The county furnished about $60
worth of tools and lumber for thel
Greensboro Chapter.
-Marvin Tola r.

Organized in 1927, Plant City Chapter
is one of the first chapters in the state.
Mr. A. J. Peacock was the first ad-
viser with a membership approximat-
ly 40 members. Wllen the National
Organization was formed, the Plant
City Chapter submitted the ritual and
by-laws of the Plant City Chapter
for acceptance il the National Organi-
zation. This was written by Mr. G. N.
Wakefield and Mr. J. G. Smith. Many
of the points in the National Cere-
mony were covered by the ritual writ-
ten by this chapter.
The first National officer in Florida
was Gray Miley who was serving as
President of Plant City Chapter. He
was third vice-president of the Nation-
ll Organization. Plant City was again
honored in 1935 by having one of its
members, Jacques Waller, elected
National Student Secretary. Lester
Poucher, the present National Presi-
dent of the Organization. was a mIem-
ber of Plant City Chapter the first

year he became interested in Voca-
tional Agriculture. Later, however, he
moved to Largo, Florida. He became
a member of the Largo Chapter, and
now he is continuing his work ill
Vocational Agriculture in College.
The Plant City Chapter has won
recognition in many contests, district.
state and national. These contests in-
cludes public speaking, essays, and
athletics. Last year our team won state
championship in the diamondball con-
test. This year Clois Raulerson won
second place in Master Future Farmer
contest. The Plant City Chapter
sponsored the District Future Farmer
of America Organization this year and
held the first organization meeting of
the district here. The Chapter also
sponsored a radio school for the dis-
trict and provided for a speaker and
a meeting place in Tampa for this
class. There were about 60 officers
attending this meeting. This year the
Chapter has on roll 47 members of
which two members hold the State
Planter Degree.
-Clois Raulerson.

Twenty-eight husky Future Farmers
are enjoying a rapid development as
students in Vocational Agriculture at
Mt. Pleasant. This chapter was charter-
ed October 11, 1937, and has a list of
several accomplishments of which we
are proud. Six classroom tables, five
work benches with vices on each, one
tool cabinet, one book case, one maga-
zine rack, one notebook rack, one
trailer, one electric brooder, four self-
feeders, three flower boxes, and two
basketball goal backstops have been
constructed by students in farm shop
work. Besides this 10 handsaws, six
axes, and many other tools have been
sharpened. The Chapter had the class-
room and shop wired and lighted for
night work, also purchased a felt ban-
ner, five F. F. A. Manuals, official
Secretary and Treasury books, and a
large steel vice.
The County School Board donated
a two-room building for the Chapter
classroom and shop, and supplied ap-
proximately $75 worth of tools and
lumber for classroom and shop equip-
Three of the best breeding Duroc-
Jersey Gilts that could be found in
the Southeast were purchased by three
of the chapter members who were on
an educational trip, participated in by
15 chapter members. Registration
papers have been secured on these
A boxing team has been developed
and a contest held between Greens-
boro, a neighboring Chapter. A return
bout will be conducted soon.
Four forest fires in the community
have been put out by the chapter, and
a one acre demonstration plot has been
cleared and broken up for Spring
-Byron Clark.

Mr. G. W. Dansby, teacher of voca-
tional agriculture in Alachua and
High Springs, is supervising the con-
struction of an up-to-date log cabin
in High Springs. This cabin is being
built by the vocational agriculture
students in the High Springs com-
munity for their use.

The Greenville Chapter has just pur-
chased 25 hybrid broiler chicks to
raise in the classroom battery brood-
er. They are planting two acres of
corn and peanuts oil the laboratory
plot. They have painted and put up
a 65 foot flagpole on the school ground,
planted over 200 shrubs on the school
ground, and built 12 lockers for the
basketball team.

There is money in growing capons.
according to Eddie Blaha. Future
Farmer and Senior in Hernando High
School, Brooksville.
Last September Eddie caponized 50
five-weeks-old cockerels. These birds
were marketed in St. Petersburg the
first of March for 30 cents per pound.
The capons averaged 13 pounds.
After all expenses of feed, labor,
marketing, and housing were paid, a
net profit of $104.90 was made on the
Capon meat is very fine in texture.
The greatest advantage in raising
capons is the better price per pound.
says Eddie.

The Hernnndo Chapter of Brooks-
ville is working in cooperation with
Dr. Charles Northen of Orlando,
famous soil chemist, in determining
the value derived from "mineralizing
tie soil."
The Chapter land laboratory plot
is being used and the crops grown will
)e used as a Chapter project.
Two acres of Bountiful Wax beans
and corn have been planted, under
the direction of Dr. Northen. Colloidal
minerals have been added to the soil
ill test plots at the rate of 2,000. 1.000,
and 500 pounds to the acre. A regular
commercial fertilizer also is being
Similar demonstrations will be car-
ried out with a five-acre sweet potato

A. R. Howard
(Continued from page 6)
ers during the first 11 months of the
fiscal year. He made reference ma-
terial available to farmers without
cost, and he prepared a five-year com-
munity program and has worked to-
wards its acconmlishmlent. He took
an active part in the religious life
of the community. in the local high
school P. T. A.. in the civic clubs, and
in establishing the diamond ball lenaue
for the youths of the community. These
are only a few of the important
activities in which Mr. Howard par-
ticipated during 193037.

Future Farmers Win Prizes
(Continupd from page 4)
Tom Ryan. Bill Hentley, and Bill
Carlson were members of the team
from the Green Cove Chapter that won
the first place in the hay. grain and
meat exhibit judging contest.
Members on tile Apopka team that
won the fruit and vegetable exhibits
judging are: Griffin Hill, Pat Atwell
and Robert French.
Newton Metz-er, Howard Norris,
and Herman Wheeler composed the
judging team from Hawthorne that
won the livestock judging contest.

Page 8

April, 1938



9' Activities of

Florida 4-H Clubs Boys and Girls

National 4-H Committee

Sponsors New Contest

Who is eligible to compete in these
contests? Any bonafide 4-H Club
member working during the Club year
of 1938 under the supervision of the
Extension Service who has not passed
his or her twenty-first birthday on
December 1, 1938. A state winner
must have passed his or her fifteenth
birthday before December 1, 1938.
Education: Club members who pre-
vious to the fall term of 1938, have
enrolled in a college or school giving
courses in advance of high school
grades, are ineligible to compete in
these contests.
Here's your fun opportunity of the
year! And while you're having your
fun create something useful .
something long lasting and worth
while. Build something to make you
and your club leader proud. The
National 4-H Handicraft contest is
open for you to show what you can
do along this line. You do not need
any special tools or material, use what
you have if you can't do better and
make the best article you possibly
can produce.
What to Build?
Game boards such as ring toss
boards, ping pong tables, and shuffle-
board sets. For a boy's or girl's room
you can build tie racks, hat and shoe
boxes, table lamps, and waste paper
baskets. For the home you may make
wood boxes, door stops, flower trel-
lises and stands, and door mats. For
the farm there are gates to be built,
lawn seats, push carts, weather vanes.
individual pig houses and a thousand
and one other articles which will be
useful around a club member's home.
Donor of awards for this contest
is by the Dutch Kraft Corporation Di-
vision of the Grand Rapids Varnish
Corporation, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
The prizes are as follows:
County, a Gold Medal of Honor:
state, a standard American make 17-
jeweled gold watch; sectional, four
educational trips to the Seventeenth
National 4-H Club Congress to be held
in Chicago, November 25-December 3,
1938, will be awarded-one to each
sectional winner from the four ex-
tension sections of the United States:
national, three college scholarships of
$300. $200. and $100, will be awarded
respectively to the first, second, and
third national winners.
Home Ground Beautification
Start now and help brighten up the
home surroundings. Remove ugly fea-
tures-thicket, dead trees, and junked

machinery. Trim up the shrubbery
and trees. Use lattices and trellises
to train vines and hide eyesores.
Make your home more than a place
to eat and sleep.
Donor of the prizes for this contest
is Mrs. John R. Walgreen of I h. i-...
Illinois. The prizes are as follows:
County, state and sectional, same as
the preceding contest; national, $300.00
The scholarship umy be applied
toward a regular four-year course at
a state agricultural college or other
approved institution selected by the
For complete information and the
standard report blanks required for
tile contest see your county agent or
WORK, 56 E. Congress St.. Chicago.

State Club Council
To Award Silver Cup

To the county which has done the
best club work during the first half
of 1938, a silver loving cup will be
awarded. The report for this contest
must be turned in to the Secretary of
the Florida Boys 4-HI Club Council
in June at the annual Short Course
held on the campus of the University
of Florida. The state council will
give this cup to one of the twenty-one
counties represented in the state coun-
cil when the organization convenes in
Gainesville next June. There will be
two representatives from each county
council in the state to this convention.
The rules for awarding the cup to
the county doing the best club work
and the points that each item counts
1. Highest percentage of available
club members enrolled in stand-
ard clubs. 30 points.
2. Best and most complete report
of club work done in the county
submitted to the State Council.
30 points.
3. Most money raised per club
member by group action. (The
council's report must show this.)
25 points.
4. The largest nliniber of projects
in progress or completed per
club member enrolled and av-
erage number meetings held per
club in county. 15 points.
The report should cover the activi-
ties of the (lub work in the county

for the 6 months from December 1,
1937 to May 31. 1938. The report to
the Stnte Council should be approved
and signed by the County Agent. The
cup is to be won three times by the
sane county before it becomes the
permanent property of the county
council. The cup will he awarded on
the activities of the 4-H clubbers for
the 6 months only. from December 1,
1937 to May 31. 1938.
These rules are to be changed at the
Short Course to apply to the year,

4-H Club Members Compete
At Show In Jacksonville

Twenty-five boys and one girl ex-
hibited 30 fat steers at the Fourth
Florida Fat Stock Show and Sale held
in Jacksonville March 8 andl 9. Joe
Vara of Bonifay carried off the 4-H
club grand championship for the sec-
ond year ill succession. as well as
winning reserve championship in the
Florida Bred, Fed, and Shown class.
Evan Pattishall of Duval County ex-
hibited the reserve champion 4-H club
steer. Young Vara's Aberdeen Angus
steer sold for 36c per pound, bringing
A scholarship of $100 to the Uni-
versity of Florida was awarded to
Evan Pattishall for his outstanding
record on his beef project, and the
quality of his animal exhibited at the
Fat Stock Show. Honorable mention
went to Leroy Fortner of Alachua
County. who received a roll of live-
stock wire, donated by a Jacksonville
hardware merchant.
In the competitive judging contest,
Alachua County's team won first. On
this team were Dan Roberts. Robert
Douglass, and Stanley Rosenberger,
each of whom will receive a trip to the
4-H Club Short Course held in June
on the campus of the University of
Florida. This snme team won a trip
last year to the International Live-
stock Exposition as the state cham-
pion poultry judging team. Dan
Roberts won the medal given by the
Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce to
the highest scoring individual. Sec-
ond in the judging contest was Su-
wvannee County's team comprised of
Sidney Allen. Aubrey Ward and Ran-
dolph Iatch. Bradford, Sumter, and
Lake counties were third, fourth and
fifth respectively.
The contest was under the super-
vision of R. W. Blacklock, State Boys'
('lul Agent, and A. S. Lawton. Chair-
lian of the Fat Stock Show Committee.

The following chapters have held
very successful banquets recently: St.
Cloud, Kissimmee, Inverness, Greens-
boro, and Aucilla.

April, 1938

Page 9


Bunnell Future Farmers
Use Hot Water Brooders
The pupils in Vocational Agricul-
ture at Bunnell are successfully using
hot water brooders. These brooders
were made in the falrm shop.

Trade in That

Old Separator

Trade in your old cream wasting separator now.
Pay for your new Melotte on our easy terms offer
out of the extra cream checks you get. Ask for
our big Trade Allowancel Come in or phone today.
Equipment & Supply Dept.
Howard Grain Co.
Jacksonville Tampa

The brooders are of the box type and
approximately three feet long and two
feet wide with the front cut out to
allow the chickens to feed. The bottom
for the brooder is made from one-inch
by two-inch boards and covered with
hardware cloth. The bottom is then
nailed to the box brooder so that it
fits securely. Half of the box is par-
titioned off with a cloth curtain.
Here water pipes are used oil the
inside and are set so that there is a
gradual drop all the way from the
top of the brooder where the water
leaves the container to the bottom
where the colt water returns. The
container for the water is an oil can.
The water is heated with a kerosene
lamp placed directly under the water
container. The cost of this brooder is
very small.
The following bill of material will
be needed to construct this brooder:
2 pieces 1" x 8" x 3'
2 pieces 1" x 8" x 2'
2 pieces 1" x 2" x 3'
2 Pieces 1" x 2" x 2'
1 piece hardware cloth 1/2" mesh
2' x 3'
1 five-quart can for water
8' of 1/" pipe
4 elbows
4 pipe nuts to fasten can to pipe,
and 1 kerosene lamp.
-Gilbert Higginbotham.

THE RIGHT plant foods in the
right amounts at the right time,
plus dependable all-the-year Field
Service, is the GULF formula for
crop success. Growers of all com-
mercial crops in Florida have found
it a formula that pays.

The Gulf Fertilizer Co.
Tampa, Florida

4-H Poultry Show
Held in Orlando

At the Central Florida Exposition
in Orlando, the Florida 4-H club poul-
try show was held. This show was
much better than it has been in
previous years. More birds and eggs
were exhibited, and more club menl-
bers participated as exhibitors. The
State 4-H Club Judaing Contest was
held in connection with these exhibits.
The Pasco County boys' team carried
off top honors. Twelve teams com-
peted. Seth Plank, Jack I'rator, and
Norman Rasnmussman conmosed the
winning team. This team will have the
privilege of attending the International
Livestock Exposition in Chicago next
November. This trip was given by the
Florida Chain Stores. Inc. Runners
up in the contest were the Orange
County girls' team and the Lake Couln-
ty boys' team. Other teams represented
were the Lake County girls. Pasco
County girls, Orange County boys.
Alachua County boys all(l girls, Bre-
vard County girls, Columbia County
boys, Hardee County boys. and Suwan-
nee County boys.
Seth Plank of Pasco County had
tlie highest individual score. He was
awarded a $10000 scholarship to the
University of Florida for his efforts.
The contest was under the super-
vision of Dan F. Sowell. Assistant
Extension Poultryman. R. W. Black-
lock, State Boys' Club Agent, and Miss
Mary E. Keown, State Home Demon-
stration Agent.

Dairy Demonstration Contest
To Be Held at Short Course

The Florida 4-H dairy production
contest will be held at the regular
short course from .Tune 6 to 11. This
contest will determine tihe state win-
ners. who will represent Florida in
the national 4-H dairy production
demonstration contest at the nation
dairy show. The national contest is
sponsored by the Kraft-Phenix Cheese
Corporation. The winners in this con-
test at Gainesville will receive their
trips with all expenses paid to the
National Dairy Show.
Medals, gold and silver, are award-
ed to the two top ranking teams from
each county. While at the national
dairy show. the state teains will com-
pete with the other teams from their
section. The sectional winners will
each receive a $250 scholarship to any
agricultural college. These sectional
winners will compete for national
championship, and tliat team which
wins will receive an additional $150
Each team shall he co',posed of
two bona fide club members above
15 years of age. The subject matter
for each demonstration shall be con-
fined to the breeding, growing, feed-
ing. fitting, and judging of dairy cat-
tle, or the production and handling
of milk and cream on the farlm. Each
boy must be enrolled this year as car-
rying some dairy project.
Every county should take advantage
of this opportunity. because it will be
very educational to each that takes
part, as well as providing some very
worthwhile prizes for the winning

Page 10

April, 1938


,napter Activities

The Oviedo Chapter F. F. A. has
been very active in community service
during the past year. One outstanding
accomplishment of the chapter is the
completion of the beautification pro-
ject carried on in one of the rural
schools of the county.
The chapter took this as one of its
projects about a year ago, and pro-
duced $50.00 worth of plants for the
original foundation plantings. We later
took down the old fence, terraced the
grounds, and set Bermuda grass. In
place of the old fence and gate, we
put up a new fence and built a cattle

The interest of the Blountstow't
Chapter has turned to poultry. Thi
efforts of the chapter along this lini
have created much interest in the locrt
community for poultry. Six of thai
chapter members have poultry projects

Members of the Altha Chapter F. F
A. have been highly gratified so fa
this year with the proceeds raiserl
from the land laboratory. The boyi
resolved at the first of the year tj
grow three crops on the acre land lab-
oriatory and to make these crops gros4
$250.00 income. So far two of thlj
crops, Spanish peanuts and cabbage
have been grown. harvested, and sol,'
for a gross return of $294.50. Thi
third crop early snap beans, is already'
planted and will be harvested before
the 12 months' goal has elapsed. Thesi
crops are chanter cooperative project
and all proceeds go into the chapter
treasury for chapter expenses.

One of the Laurel Hill Chapter'-
major objectives for the present yea.'
is the installation of electric lights ili
the agriculture building. This objec-
tive has been accomplished. The ma-
terial for this project was paid fo.
out of the chapter treasury.

W. H. Kendrick, Adviser of tie Pa-
hokee Chapter, F. F. A.. reports that
from the cooperative bean project on
the land laboratory plot over $400.00
has been placed in the Pahokee Chap-
ter treasury. In addition, the chapter
members are raising cooperatively six
hundred baby chicks with the idea of
developing a laying flock and plan to
purchase a purebred dairy bull for
community service.

The Aucilla and Monticello Chapters.
F. F. A.. T. C. Waldron. Jr.. Adviser.
has put on a series of radio broadcasts
over WPAX, Thomasville, Georgia, dur-
ing the last few months.

Members of the Ocalai Chapter. F.
F. A.. with their Adviser, Mr. M. C.
Roche, went to Buslinell to initiate
the members of the Bushnell Chapter.
After the initiation ceremonies the
Bushnell Chapter treated the visitors
to a marshmallow roast.

The Marianna Future Farmer Chap-
ter is carrying a cooperative poultry
project. The broilers are grown out
from baby chicks by the battery brood-
er method. The cooperative chapter
project is being carried in the farm
shop as a demonstration of growing
out broilers, demonstrating that it is
possible for any boy on a small plot of
ground to have a sufficient supervised
practice program to net $125.00 labor
income. Twenty-five broilers are mark-
eted each week from the cooperative
chapter project.

Baker Chapter Has
Successful Program

During tile year of 1037, the Baker
Chapter of the Future Farmers of
America accomplished a great deal.
There were 40 active members in the
Chapter, some of whom made outstand-
ing records on their cooperative chap-
ter projects.
James Courtney made a good record
with two acres of cotton. He fertilized
his cotton with three hundred pounds
of 4-10-7 per acre at planting time and
side-dressed it with one hundred and
fifty pounds of Chilean Nitrate of Soda
and lifty pounds of potash per acre.
The yield was 1161 pounds of lint on
the two acres. His gross receipts were
$138.00 with a net profit of $82.00.
Rufus Murphy, who also carried a
cooperative cotton and corn project
with the chapter. made 1580 pounds
of lint and 87 bushels of corn by plant-
ing four acres of cotton and three
acres of corn. The variety of cotton
used was Cook 147, and the variety
of corn was Whatley's. There was a
fertilizer demonstration run on tlhe
corn to show that commercial ferti-
lizers give a better yield when sup-
plemented with nitrate of soda as a
At the beginning of 1937. our class-
room and shop were very much ill
need of some rehabilitation work. To
remedy this. the Chapter went to work.
and to-day we have one of tile best
shops in West Florida. We are still
making improvements and additions.
There has been a complete revision
of the reference umterial for class-
room work. We feel that the collection
is one of the best in the state. Last.
but not least, we have built an office
desk lhat would be a credit to anyi
office. It was made in our own shop.
We have also done the general re-
pair work for the school as a whole.
The most important piece of work
was the repair of twenty-five desks
completely unfit for use. We also feel
very proud of the beautification work
done around both the school and tlhe
agricultural building.
This year the Chapter has continued
the various works started last year
and also has taken on many new
activities such as securing loans from
the Production Credit Association for
the purpose of launching out into a
broader project program.
We have not forgotten the recrea-
liin side in the least, as evidenced
by the fact that the C.lhpter has. at
present, $100.00 set aside to aid in
financing a tour this summer. The
Chapter is making plans for touring
the Northern States during the month
of July. -A. F. Townsend.

The Homestead Chapter Future
Farmers of America won a Silver Lov-
ing Cup, presented by Mr. William D.
Joyce, State Representative. and $10
from other chapters in Dade County
for the best exhibit in the Redland
District Fair. We also won a Silver
Plaque given by Mr. C. T. Fuchs. Jr.,
for having the best exhibit in the
Homestead High School. The Silver
Loving Cup is given to be kept by the
Chapter but the Plaque has to be won
three years before we are allowed to
keep it.
Our exhibit included fruits, vege-
tables and plants for home lieautifi-
cation. All of the vegetables and plants
were grown by the boys in the Voca-
tional Agricultural Department.
The boys have been studying Taxi-
dermy. They placed a stuffed alligator
in the bIooth also.

Brandon Chapter placed first and
won a $50 cash prize for having the
best Future Farmer Chapter exhibit
in the Florida Strawberry Festival at
Plant City. This makes the fifth con-
secutive year that Brandon Chapter
has won the blue ribbon and first

Enrl Faircloth, State President of
the Florida Association. F. F. A., of
Chiefland. is setting a pace for other
Future Farmer members in the State
of Florida in project work by carrying
twelve projects this year in comparison
to his project program Inst year which
comprised seven projects. We hone
that many other Future Farmers will
follow in his footsteps.

The )eSolo Chapter, F. F. A.. Robert
Cleveland. Treasurer, and J. A. Brown.
Ad-iser. report that they have cleared
$83.00 for the chapter treasury this
year through two activities: sponsor-
ing a Queen Carnival Contest and a
concession at the "All Florida Rodeo."
They have paid State and National
Future Farmer dues at fifty cents
each for all members of the chapter
and have sufficient money in the
treasury to pay for the F. F. A. ban-
quet which will be held next month.
They state that the DeSoto Chanter,
F. F. A., has led the DeSoto High
School in extra-curricular activities
this year.

The Grnceville and Campbellton
Chapters. F: F. A., Arnold Beck. Ad-
viser, jointly put on a half-hour radio
program over WAGF. Dothnn, Ala-
bamla, honoring Washington's birthday.
February 22.

Mr. II. E. Wood. Itinerant Teacher-
Trainer. reports that all boys at Web-
ster and Bushnell have good project
proaranms in operation and that the
chapter at Bushnell is planting four
acres of tobacco as a cooperative pro-
ject and the chapter at Webster has
a two ancre general truck cooperative
project. Mr. B. L. McLuchblin is the
Adviser of these two chapters.

April, 1938

Page 11


Tate Future Farmer Has
Outstanding Farm Program

Harry Nowak, a senior in the Tate
Agricultural High School, Gonzales,
has been a member of the F. F. A.
organization since he started studying
vocational agriculture in the eighth
grade. Since his father is a poultry-
man, it is natural that Harry should
choose poultry as his major project
enterprise. From a small beginning of
75 White Leghorn chicks, his super-
vised farming program has grown into
the following, which is his program
for 1937-38:
Hens 230
Chicks (fryers) ....................200
Chicks (Pullets) -.............200
Corn 3 acres
Oats acres
Improvement projects: Beautifying
the home grounds. planting 6 acres
soil improvement crop, planting 100
pine seedlings, and building 200 yards
of fence.
Supplementary Farm Jobs: Planting
a 4 x 4 pine seedbed. repairing 1/%
mile of fence, Repairing 2 poultry
houses, building a 35' x 15' concrete
floor, sharpening 5 tools, and pruning
50 fruit and nut trees.
To date. Harry's supervised farming
program has made for him a total
pupil labor income of $882.18. He has
built a 35 x 15 laying house and a
12 x 14 brooder house. The brooder
house is fully equipped with starting
and fattening batteries. He plans to
enter college next fall and hopes by
that time to have a flock of sufficient
size to pay his expenses.

Lunch Room Helps Finance
Jay Chapter Activities

The Jay Chapter of Future Farmers
of America has been organized for
almost nine years. Like any other
chapter occasions arise when there is
need for money to carry on its activi-
ties such as: trips to the State Con-
vention, trips to the South Florida
Fair for F. F. A. day, and vacation
tours. Members of this chapter have
learned that it is much easier to get
financial assistance from the local
school board for improvements and
equipment when they present a propo-
sition to the board for the chapter to
pay half and the board pay half.
For several years the chapter has
appointed a finance committee to find
ways and means for raising money.
In September 1936 the chapter de-
cided to build a lunch-room and school
supply store. There were about $40.00
in the treasury received from cotton
grown on their land laboratory plot.
The National Youth Administration
donated the chapter $25.00 for the
project. There were enough shingles
left over from another building
project to put the roof on the build-
ing. The school hoard matched the
amount that the chapter was able to
raise. The chapter borrowed the re-
mainder which was necessary to buy
tile material for the structure.
It was decided to build a structure
thirty feet long and twenty feet wide,
concrete floor, a serving room in cen-
ter six feet by twelve feet and leave
the remainder of the building open all
the way around. Wooden windows

were made which act as counters
when opened. Construction of the
building was done entirely by mem-
bers of the chapter during farmshop
periods; thus giving the boys an op-
portunity to learn carpentry, mixing
and pouring concrete, roofing, paint-
ing and pipe fitting.
Most of the 1936-37 school year had
passed before the structure was com-
pleted, due to lack of finances in get-
ting all materials needed. The lunch-
room opened for business when school
began this year. Two systems of
management have been used. The
system being used at present, and
which seems better, is letting the
home economics department prepare
the food and hiring two chapter mem-
bers to do the clerking during recess
and lunch time also before and after
school. In addition to lunches the
chapter has milk drinks, candy and
school supplies for sale. Milk is sold
at cost to the student customers. With
an average stock of $50.00 the chapter
realizes a net profit on the average
of $15.00 per month which is being
used in buying equipment for the
shop. financing trips banquets. etc.
There hasn't been any kick from
local business men. It is performing
a service to the school and is more
convenient to students in getting school
supplies, and affords them a place to
get a lunch which they did not have
before. Furthermore it gives the
chapter a chance to earn some money.
and the clerks whlo are members an
opportunity to get some business ex-
perience in handling the business for
their chapter.
-Wiley Nowling.


University Bookstore


Soda Fountain

Wish to welcome the Future Farmers and 4-H

Club members, and take this method of extend-

ing an invitation to them to visit us as often

as possible during the State Convention in


Page 12

April, 1938


Interesting Campus News Notes

Florida's Rural Youth Leaders

Joined In First Conference
By O. K. MOORE, '38

As a combined effort of students of
the University of Florida, College of
Agriculture, Agricultural Club and
4-H Club Girls attending Florida State
College for Women, the first Rural
Youth Conference ever to be held in
not only Florida but in all other states
ns well, was conducted last February
26 in Florida Union-student activity
)bi'"1n1,1 TT of F. Cnmpus.
Primary basis for the inauguration
of the conference was that Florida's
rural youth leaders, together with
noted educators, could enlighten other
students as to the social, family liv-
ing. economic, health, recreational, and
educational needs of Florida's rural
people and how young people can hell)
to fulfill their existent needs. Giving
young men and women of rural lo-
calities this opportunity to confer on
rural problems enables them to shape
their education and activities towards
practical solutions.
"This conference," enthusiastically
stated Dr. Wilmon Newell, Dean of
the College of Agriculture and Director
of the Florida Experiment Station, ini
his address of welcome, "is a sig-
nificant step forward in Florida. You
young men and women have gathered
here to study and discuss the problems
of rural Florida that you may become
familiar with these problems and cope
with them better when you assume
your places in the citizenship of our
state. You are the people who must
work out these and other problems
when you leave college. With the edu-
cational advantages you have had. you
will be better qualified to solve them
than these who came before you not
having these advantages. Your con-
ference is a significant step forward
and I wish you success in your dis-
cussions and undertakings."
Dr. Carl Taeusch of the Agricultural
Adjustment Administration character-
ized the conference as "a definite step
forward. There are many rural adult
discussion groups in many states of
the nation, but this is the first rural
youth conference held by college stu-
dents that has ever been held. insofar
as I know. The earnestness and serious-
ness of these students in seeking solu-
tions to their problems of rural life,"
continued Doctor Taeusch, "is a
healthy sign of progress."
Dr. W. A. Myres, presiding elder of
the Gainesville district of the Method-
ist Church gave an inspirational lec-
ture regarding farm youth religious
Presiding at the conference were
Kenneth Clark of Greenshoro, Presi-
dent of the Agricultural Club and Miss
Doris McCullough. attractive Presi-
dent of FSCW 4-H'ers of Oak Hill.
Volusia County, Florida.
Among the students speakers were
Lester Poncher, National President

FFA; Kenneth Clark; Dot McCul-
lough; Sidney Marshall, Margaret Al-
ford; Ruth Sanderson; Betty Read;
Geraldine Myers; Lillian Bradley;
Margaret Wheeler; Jack Kinzer; Tom
Hammett; Donald Brooke; and Lee
Assisting students in planning the
program and in holding the sessions
were Miss Mary E. Keown. State Honme
Demonstration Agent and faculty ad-
viser of the College 4-H Club as FSCW
and Dr. P. H. Senn, faculty adviser
to the Agricultural Club.
Following the conference, a picnic
supper was enjoyed in Magnolia
Grove, favorite outdoor eating spot on
the Experiment Station Farm at the
University Campus. To get actual ex-
perience in rural youth recreation, the
conference was topped-off with ia
dance in the Florida Union which con-
stituted the evening feature of the day.

Little International
To Be Held April 30

The seventh annual Little Inter-
national Livestock, Poultry Show and
Rodeo is to be held April 30 by the
Florida Chapter of the National Block
and Bridle (lub. formerly known as
the Toreador Club.
Seven years ago the first Little In-
ternational was staged and attracted
a crowd of only a few hundred peo-
ple, but with greatly expanded activi-
ties and scope. the show last year was
attended by 1500 people showing that
not only is a better exhibit being of-
fered but that Florida is rapidly be-
coming livestock conscience, too.
Having become a chapter of the
National Block and Bridle Club this
year, the local club through ideas
drawn from the national organization
and from experience received from
staging previous shows predicts that
the Little International for 1938 will
exceed all previous shows in color,
breadth of action, and will be an im-
memorial event to all attending.
Included in this annual event, which
is truly one of the most spectacular on
the University of Florida Campus dur-
ing the year. will be the livestock show
in which students of the animal hus-
bandry department exhibit some of the
finest stock in the Southern States
which has been fitted and trained by
patient work over a period of 6 weeks
prior to the show; a poultry, egg and
poultry husbandry educational exhibit
of top rank in which plans have been
made for the visitors to actually watch
chicks hatch in an illuminated, glass-
topped incubator; and then, of course
there'll be the rodeo where bronco-
riders get a taste of the good earth-
where bulls, steers, cows and cour-
ageous cowhands lose all love for one

another in steer bulldogging, bull rid-
ing, and wild cow milking contest.
Sidney Marshall, President of the
Florida Chapter, National Block and
Bridle Club. who has just been award-
ed a trophy by the national organiza-
tion for being the most outstanding
'38 local B and B Club member, ex-
tends a cordial state-wide invitation
for everyone's attendance at this year's

Alumni News

The following graduates of the Col-
lege of Agriculture were here for the
Week-end of Military Ball: Leslie B.
Anderson. Jr., '37; Marion Roche, '37;
Ian McCarty, '34; and Bill Sinmmons.
John Haynie, '35, visited the En-
tomology Dept., recently. He is an
apiary inspector with the State Plant
H. W. (Dick) Lundy, '36, associated
with Package Research Laboratories.
Inc., lectured to the class in Citrus
Culture on the Bruce Box in December.
Gus McGriff, '35, is taking Plant
Breeding, as graduate work. in con-
nection with work on cotton breeding
for the U. S. Bureau of Plant Industry.
Clifford R. Hiatt, was elected presi-
dent of the Lake County Horticultural
Association in January. He resigned
as County Agent of Lake County in
October. due to ill health, and is now
at the head of the Hiatt Grove Service.
R. E. Norris, '34 and Wilmer Bas-
sett, '37, County Agent and Assistant
County Agent of Lake County were
on the campus recently.
Orvis B. Griggs, '37 and R. J. Bis-
hop, '35, are both at Flornia, Ala.,
with the U. S. Bureau of Entomology
and Plant Quarantine. They are work-
ing with the White Fringe Beetle.
Milledge Murphy, '35, was married
in the fall and is living in Atlanta,
Ga., where he is Assistant State En-
tomologist. He was on the campus
for the annual Florida Entomological
Conference, and showed some films he
had made on the Japanese Beetle and
White Fringe Beetle. Kent Littig, '35,
was here at the same time. showing
the films he made on the White Fringe
Ben L. Gittings, '36, is the new
Assistant County Agent of Alachua
County, with headquarters in Gaines-
Raymond O. Crabtree, '34, was mar-
ried recently. He is with the Federal
Resettlement Administration at Mont-
gomery, Ala.
C. N. Clymore, '38. is on the campus,
doing graduate work in Agricultural
John L. Stead, '38, is working in
Fort Pierce. Fla.
Tom McCrory, '36, is teaching Vo-
cational Agriculture at Hastings, Fla.
Max Brown, '38, s doing horticultur-
al work at the Lake Alfred Citrus
Experiment Station. John Granger.
'36, is Assistant Horticulturist at the
same branch.

April, 1938

Page 13



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Bethlehem F. F. A. Chapter
Uses Native Shrubbery

Beautification is a much talked sub-
ject and there are few people who do
not admire the beauty brought out by
the proper arrangement of appropriate
plants about homes and farmsteads.
Too many country dwellers, as well as
city folk, think of ornamental nurser-
ies as the only source of plants and
shrubbery. Nature can furnish us with
many of just the plants we need at
practically no cost at all.
Since most of our time is spent in
and around our homes, we should
make it a beautiful and pleasant place
in which to live.
Members of the Bethlehem Chapter
F. F. A., Bonifay. Florida, have ac-
cepted the invitation of the surround-
ing woods to come out and select such
plants as she has to offer to make
man's immediate home a better place
to live. In doing so, we have found
great pleasure in studying and select-
ing the different species of plants that
we needed.
For a base plant, the dwarf bay
serves the purpose best. This dwarf
evergreen is found mostly on hilly and
sloping land and often grows to be
thirty or forty feet tall in hanmmocks
that are fertile and protected from
fire. This, however, is unusual in most
cases. It responds well to pruning, and
is easy to develop to the desired shape
and size. It has a good root system
and is easy to transplant.
The shrub has small insignificant
flowers, but when properly fertilizer,
it makes an excellent base plantings.
Two species of gall-berry were used
for border plants. The common small-
leaf variety with its green color and
numerous black berries of a rather
dwarf nature was used as connecting
border plants. The other species of
gall-berry is tall and has a larger leaf.
For larger ornamental shrubs we
used the well known cherry laurel
with its beautiful green foliage and
sweet smelling white flowers. This
plant is an evergreen, and is usually
found in high and low hammocks. Its
green and later black berries also add
to its beauty.
The flowering shrubs, used were
mountain laurel, redluds, varied col-
ors of bush and wine honeysuckles,
Dogwoods, and yellow jessamine.
These plants are found in our woods,
and truly "brighten the corners where
they are." The mountain laurel and
red buds are valued for their blos-
soms and their beautiful foilage. The
dogwood berries are bright red and
give a beauty comparable to the well
known lholley.
The colorful effect of the Red Maple
with its dark red blossoms and seed-
pods waving overhead was not for-
gotten. Other trees of large types such
as Sycamore, oaks, and pines were
We used about our farm-homes and
other bare spots of our yards grasses
such as carpet, centipede, and St.
The F. F. A. chapter, this season
has planted more than five hundred
of these points around their school,
churches,a nd homes. They recommend
that the following simple principles
be observed in order to transplant

them successfully: Get plenty of roots
with each plant, prune broken roots
and tops smoothly, remove as much
of the top as roots were removed, pre-
vent roots fronm drying out, transplant
when dormant if possible, set plant out
about same depth as it was originally,
and keep plants watered.

Ft. Meade Chapter Studies
Truck in the Everglades

A group of Fort Meade Future
Farmers and their adviser recently
made a three day (week-end) field
trip through the truck growing areas
around Lake Okeechohee. The trip
was made in an open truck and the
boys carried their own camping and
cooking equipment.
Some of the important features of
the trip were: an inspection of the
hean and tomato production on the
east side of the lake, including ferti-
lizing, dusting by airplanes. A study
and inspection of flood and irrigation
control of that area; the use of sun-
flowers and corn as windbreaks; the
operation of the U. S. Sugar planta-
tions and an inspection of their sugar
mill (the largest in continental I. S.)
an inspection of the Arcadia and Pa-
hokee Agriculture Department and a
trip to Palin Beach revealing some
of the world's most elaborate benutifi-
cation projects on the private estates
of that area.
The trip was made at a per person
cost of $2.50. and all agreed that they
received their money's worth.
-Leon Tew.


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Page 14

April, 1938


The Newell Entomological Society,
commonly called N.E.S., was founded
February 29, 1935 by a group of
entomological enthusiasts under the
leadership of Dr. John T. Creighton,
Head of the Department of Entomology.
University of Florida.
The Society is named in honor of
one of the greatest of all southern
entomologists, Dr. Wilmon Newell, who
is recognized and honored in this state
as being the director of the forces
that exterminated the Mediterranean
fruit fly in this state, also for his di-
rection of citrus canker control in
Florida. During the advent of the cot-
ton boll weevil, Dr. Newell encouraged
the manufacture of powdered lead
arsenate as a dust for the pest. This
was considered one of the chief factors
in the subsequent control of one of
the South's greatest enemies. Other
great services could be enumerated
here, but it is enough, to say that
his name lends great distinction to
the society.
The Newell Entomological Society
was founded for the purpose of pro-
moting general interest in, and dis-
siminating knowledge of technical and
applied entomology and to encourage
student research, and to sponsor talks
by students in some of the high schools
in order to simulate interest there in
one of man's greatest natural problems.
A further purpose is for attracting
the interest of various entomological
agencies and to bring about a better
cooperative attitude between them and
students interested in entomology, or
related subjects.
The latter purpose has already play-
ed an important role in aiding gradu-
ates to get employment immediately
upon graduating from college. Leading
entomologists from Florida and from
out of the state come to the Uni-
versity of Florida every year to at-
tend the annual Florida Entomological
Conference which is sponsored by the
Newell Entomological Society. Thus.
students are given an opportunity to
get acquainted with their future em-
The first conference was held
February 28, 1936. The opening Ad-
dress of Welcome was given by Dr.
John J. Tigert. President of the Uni-
versity of Florida. Following his ad-
dress there were numerous, interest-
ing lectures on some of our major
entomological topics. Lecturers at the
conference were such men as: Dr. E.
K. Leake, Entomologist, Bureau of
Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
Valdosta, Georgia; Professor H. Har-
old Hume, Director of Research for
the Florida Experiment Station; Dr.
H. T. Fernald, Professor Emeritus,
Massachusetts Agricultural and Me-
chanical College and Dr. Herbert
Osborn, Professor Emeritus. Ohio
State University.
Dr. Herbert Osborn was the honor
guest at the second conference which
convened March nineteenth and twen-
tieth, 1937. His life history was pre-
sented by Doctors Newell and Berger
at the banquet, which was held Fri-
day evening in the Florida Union
Annex. Both of these speakers related
interesting facts about Dr. Osborn,

incidental to their acquaintances with
him as a former friend and teacher.
Among other prominent entomolog-
ists present were Dr. Z. P. Metcalf,
Director of Instructions, Head of the
Department of Entomology, North
Carolina State College; Dr. Lee A.
Strong, Chief of the Bureau of En-
tomology and Plant Quarantine
United States Department of Agricul-
ture and Dr. W. S. Blatchley, En-
tomologist, Dunedin, Florida.
This second conference. which had
one hundred and two people present
at the annual banquet was the largest
state conference of a strictly entomo-
logical nature ever held in the South.
It was a distinct credit to the Newell
Entomological Society.
A third conference was held March
seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth
of this year. There were more student
speakers who took part in this program
than before. An informal smoker was
held the first evening which gave all
visitors a chance to get acquainted.
The following morning many talks
were made on entomology or related
subjects. Several illustrated lectures
were given among which was a colored
film on the life of the Japanese Beetle,
shown by Mr. Milledge Murphey, Jr.,
Associate Entomologist, Georgia De-
partment of Agriculture, Atlanta, Ga.
The chemical control of bean leaf-
hopper and biological and ecological
discussion, an illustrated lecture, was
given by Dr. Dwight M. DeLong, Pro-
fessor of Entomology, Ohio State Uni-
versity, Columbus, Ohio.
One of the most interesting films
shown was a sound film of the cicada,
which not only showed the cicada in
its natural habitat but reproduced the
life-like sounds perfectly.
The third conference terminated at
a banquet held in honor of Dr. Henry
T. Fernald, Professor Emeritus of the
Massachusetts State College. Amherst,
The regular meetings of the Society
are held twice a month at which times
speakers are secured from over the
state and from the campus. Often,
visiting entomologists from other sec
tions of the country are the featured
speakers. The club working together
under the influence of such able men.
and with such an interesting topic
should be able to go far in the field
of entomology and related subjects.



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If the great lumber industry, the navel stores
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are to continue to flourish and be leading
sources of income for the inhabitants of this
state, we must act now to PREVENT FOREST
Forest fires can be largely eliminated by pre-
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April, 1938

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