Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00021
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00021
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text


Florida College Farrin e-r

Published by Agricultural Students at the University of Florida
APRIL, 1937

State Adviser, IF.\







NO. 3

Y ,'ZT, MQI~3


Competition Keeps Producers

On Their Toes -

The old saying that "competition is the life of trade" is sometimes subject to debate,
largely because there seems to be no standardized definition for the word
Competition based solely on price may be harmful to the producer as well as the
consumer. Because no product can maintain the highest standard of quality when
it has to be built down to a price.
The growers of quality citrus fruit in Florida may have suffered at times in the past
because of the competing low prices at which inferior fruit was sold, but today the
consuming public is demanding more and more, citrus fruit which in appearance,
texture and palatability bears the unmistakable stamp of quality.
Such fruit can be produced only with the help of fertilizers which contain the purest,
finest and most healthful soil and tree-building ingredients.
Lyons Fertilizers from the very beginning have been built on Quality-which is the
reason Lyons customers will vouch for the fact that
Lyons Fertilizers Produce Greater
Quantities of Quality Fruit.


Why Trained Agriculturists
Prefer IDEAL Brands

EN trained in the science of agri-
culture quickly recognize and ap-
prove the scientific accuracy of
blend and balance they find in IDEAL
Fertilizers-and the results IDEAL Fer-
tilizers bring.
IDEAL Brands are so named because
for 44 years we have sought to produce
fertilizers that are ideal for each ferti-
lizing need. And we have spared no
pains, expense or research to maintain
the standards that have made IDEAL
Brands preferred by successful growers
throughout Florida.
Jacksonville, Florida

^ ^ .'.*.*.. s .^ S^ ^



Florida Grower

3 Years for $1

For a limited time only, FLOR-
IDA GROWER, the State's
leading agricultural magazine,
will accept three year subscrip-
tions for $1.00. This extraordi-
nary low subscription price is
open only to farmers and grow-
ers in Florida.
A generation of service to the
agricultural interest of the




Box 2350


April, 1937


Editorially Speaking

Future Farmers, like other boys, may enjoy the
advantages of a college education. After having the
training provided in vocational agriculture in high
school and having enjoyed the association with other
farm boys in both the state and national organiza-
tions, F. F. A. members are better prepared to enter
Although Future Farmers do not always have
ample funds with which to finance their entire col-
lege education, there are numerous ways and means
of overcoming this handicap. While in high school,
the boys not only train themselves in the classroom,
but they also do practical work on their home farms
through project enterprises. These projects are not
just to make the student do a lot of hard labor; they
bring returns, sometimes abundantly.
The greatest benefit derived from project work is
an opportunity for the boy to save his earnings in
order to go to college. This one benefit alone justi-
fies the most strenuous labor on the farm. Future
Farmers throughout the 48 states are using their
high school earned money to aid in their college elu-
cation. However, this is not the only means by which
farm boys may finance their college education.
There are many jobs available in the College of
Agriculture for boys who have the initiative and
ability. Besides the jobs that students may obtain
in the Ag. College, Experiment Station, and Exten-
sion Service, there are scholarships given yearly to
outstanding boys for the purpose of supplementing
their finances so they may receive a college education.
It is startling how many farm boys go to college,
considering the financial handicaps surrounding most
of them. About 75% of the boys in the College of
Agriculture at the University of Florida earn all or
part of their expenses for a college education. Statis-
tics show that this institution has the highest student
earning capacity of any university or college in the
United States. Many of our most successful agri-
cultural graduates have been students who have
earned at least a part of their expenses while in
school.-J. C. D.


Much progress has been made in the field of
vocational agriculture during the past few years.
More and more high schools are offering Agricul-
ture to their students. There is a general scarcity
of vocational agriculture teachers throughout the
country. One reason for this situation was the call
of commercial interests, government agencies and
extension services for the teacher of vocational ag-
riculture. Some of the best teachers in the stale
have been induced by higher salaries in other fields
to leave the profession.
Due to this condition there is a demand for
teachers of Agriculture. Then too, the passage of
the George-Deen bill by the last Congress author-
izing the expenditure of double the amount of
funds granted by the old Smith-Hughes Act for vo-
cational education, will greatly stimulate vocational
education in this country and bring a splendid ser-

vice to the rural youth of our state and country.
With the advancement of this all important field
there is a splendid opportunity for young men in-
terested in Agriculture to obtain jobs when they
have graduated from college.
-W. W. B.


Through wondering fearless eyes they face the years,
Youths of the farm, inspired and bright with hope.
Skillful of science-modern volunteers
To swell the ranks of husbandmen and cope
With all the problems husbandry assigns.
To learn of fruitful years and years of death;
To know defeat that shocks and stuns the mind-
Know flashing swift success that halts the breath;
To take what sentences the slow fates grind
And hold the path that Christian life confines.

Not one but sees the earth shaped by his hand
Its colors changed to match his changing dreams.
And watching them we fully understand
What purpose lies within their eyes and gleams
From out the temple of the love they brought.
Beauty is theirs and splendor, and the quick
Clean fire of youth to cauterize our hurts.
The world is tired and old and deathly sick,
Yet each ill retributive fate exerts
These sons of earth can banish with a thought.
-E. B. Weissinger.

The Florida College Farmer

Published by representatives of Student Organizations
W ILMER W BASSETT, .I ., '37 ......................................... Editor
CLYDE DRIGGERS, '38 ....................................... associate Editor
ARTIIUR M. MIcNEELY. '37 .......................uin s Manager
HENRY C. LUNSFORD, '38 .....................CCirculation Manager
FRANK II. RICH, '38 .. .................................M managing Editor
EID W EISSINGER, '40 .. ......... ...... ............. Copy Editor
W AYNE DEAN, '38 ...................... .Ag. College
DONALDSON CURTIS, ............... .......................... J4-H Club
W E. BISHOP, '37 r .............. .... ...................... Future Fiarm ers
M Ax B RUNK, '38 .................... ...... ........................l........ A lum ni N ew s

CIIAS. CLYMORE, '38 ............
ORRIS EVE S, '38 ......................
R. T. NEUMANN, '3..........
CHARLES JAMISON, '40 .......

.. ......................A... gronom y
........ Economics
....... .......H orticulture
.........A. Engineering
..Animal Husbandry
.Poultry Husbandry

H. IH. HuME. Chairman
Subscription Fifty Cents

April, 1937



In 4lemoriam

~HOMAS A. TREADWELL died at 11 o'clock Sunday night, January 31, in the Alachua County
Hospital as a result of injuries suffered in an automobile accident Friday afternoon, January 29. His
unselfish devotion to his work and the inspiration given to the boys he trained during his 12 years
as a teacher of Vocational Agriculture will bear fruit for many years to come. His personality,
vision, foresight, and clear thinking in the solution of problems for the betterment of mankind will
be treasured memories of those who knew him.

Mr. Treadwell was recognized as one of the outstanding F. F. A. chapter advisers in Florida.
His chapters have repeatedly won honors in the State and National organizations. The Aucilla and
Monticello F. F. A. Chapters were among the first chartered in the State of Florida and have been
active every year since receiving their charters in the Future Farmer organization. Mr. Treadwell
has had representatives from one of his chapters as officers in the State Association, F. F. A., every
year with the exception of one since the State organization was chartered. He has had more boys
elected to the Florida Planter Degree from his chapters than any other local adviser in the State.
Two boys from the Aucilla Chapter have been awarded the American Farmer Degree. He is the only
adviser who has ever had a National Congressman as the principal speaker at a father-and-son
banquet. Two boys who came up through his vocational agriculture classes and Future Farmer
chapters are now teaching Vocational Agriculture in the State of Florida. Three other boys are at
present enrolled in agricultural education courses at the University of Florida. One of these will
graduate this year; one the year after; and the other the following year. He is the only local ad-
viser who has had the honor of having the winning livestock judging team in the State Association
twice. In 1929 and again in 1936 he carried the winning team from Florida, which represented the
State in the National F. F. A. livestock judging c ntest at the National Convention, in Kansas City.

Mr. Treadwell was Master Teacher of Vocational Agriculture in 1930 and has always had the
record of having excellent supervised practice programs with the members of his Future Farmer

With all of these honors, Mr. Treadwell's outstanding accomplishment was the inspiration and
training for leadership and good citizenship which he has given to approximately 1,000 boys who
have been enrolled in his classes during the 12 years that he served as teacher of vocational agri-
culture and local adviser of the F. F. A. chapters in Jefferson County.

The shock of his death is great to his co-wor'ers and their sorrow cannot be expressed.


April, 1937

The Florida College Farmer

Published by Agricultural Students at the University of Florida

VOL. V APRIL, 1937 NO. 3

What it Means to be a Master Teacher


Jeorge N. Wakefield of Homestead
.vas declared Master Teacher of vo-
cational agricultural work in the
State of Florida for the year 1935-
36. What has been his background
of training and what distinctive serv-
ices has he performed to be thus
chosen master teacher of the 50 vo-
cational agricultural teachers sta-
tioned in all parts of the State? It
might be well to give a very brief
biography of this outstanding teach-
er before mentioning the record
which won him the Master Teacher
Mr. Wakefield is a real Florida
"cracker". He was born in Apalach-
icola where his father was a cashier
of a bank for 20 years and was later
county judge. There Mr. Wakefield
grew up and graduated from high
school. During the World War, al-
though too young to enlist, he left
the University of Florida where he
had enrolled as a Freshman and
went to Edgewood, Md., where he
was a civilian checker for the Edge-
wood Arsenal. After his service there
had ended he enrolled again at the
University of Florida on an agricul-
tural scholarship from Franklin
County. He graduated from the Uni-
versity in 1925 with a degree of B.
S. in Agriculture and returned to
receive his M. A. E. in August, 1932,
at which time he wrote his thesis
on "Future Farmer Work", a subject
which has always held great interest
for him. He taught school two years
in the Mason and Fort White schools
and two years in the Plant City
school. In 1930 he was sent to Home-
stead and has been teaching there
ever since.
The accomplishment report upon
which his selection as Master Teach-
er is based reveals the many inter-
esting and valuable objectives Mr.
Wakefield has attained in his work
among the high school agricultural
students and adult farmers of his
community. A study of his winning
record of 1935-36 shows that he con-
ducted two all-day classes, one day-
unit class, one part-time class for
young men out of school who had ad-
vanced beyond the tenth grade, one
part-time class for boys out of school
who had not finished the tenth grade.
and an evening class for adult men
and women, on the subject of "Home
Beautification." His total enrollment
for these classes was 76 students.
Mr. Wakefield's advanced part-
time class organized the Future Farm-
er Cooperative Poultry Producer's

Association and their booth at the
Redland Fair won first prize. The
beginning part-time boys were eligible
for N. Y. A. aid and they were given
the opportunity of signing up for this
work. The class helped greatly in
building the Future Farmer Fair
booth, built poultry houses, planted
mahogany trees, built battery brood-
ers, and brooded 3,000 chicks. In ad-
dition to these projects they received
about $800 from the N. Y. A. for the
work they did.


All except the evening adult stu-
dents were offered farm shop work
and a course was organized and taught
with the content determined by the
needs of the students. All old equip-
ment was kept in working condition
and a potato planter, potato digger
and several battery brooders were
added to the new equipment in the
shop. Ten new books and 150 new
bulletins were added to the reference
material and each student made 15
charts and graphs during the year.
Two educational moving pictures
were also shown to the classes. A
forestry course was taught to both
classes of all-day students and an
improvement has been noted in the
community attitude toward the de-
structive burning of woods.
Under the supervised practice pro-
gram Mr. Wakefield required each
all-day and day-unit student to carry

a practice program of such size, di-
versification and balance that he
might reasonably expect a labor in-
come of $150.00. Students enrolled in
these classes and those enrolled in
part-time class averaged three pro-
jects each and earned an average la-
bor income of $200.00 each. In every
case the pupil planned an increase in
his major enterprise and added minor
and contributory enterprises in work-
ing out a long-time program. Each
pupil performed an average of 10
supplementary farm jobs in addition
to his project program and each all-
day and day-unit pupil has selected
10 of the most important jobs in con-
nection with his project program for
study and has learned an average of
10 new farm skills and applied 10
improved practices. Mr. Wakefield
checked each student to see that he
could perform every important job.
Each all-day and day-unit student's
project was visited an average of 12
times during the year and Mr. Wake-
field gave definite assistance on each
visit. Each part-time student was
visited at least six times during the
year with assistance and advice by
the teacher, and the evening class
students were each visited and helped
at least three times. Each all-day
and day-unit pupil kept a classroom
notebook systematically arranged il
the manner recommended by the
State Department.
Mr. Wakefield has always encour-
aged and assisted the F. F. A. chap-
ters with which he has been connect-
ed: the development of the individual
members has been his primary objec-
tive and he has set up as his ultimate
goal the winning of first place in the
State and National Chapter Contest.
Through the efforts of the Homestead
chapter under the guidance of Mr.
Wakefield the chapter rated second
in Florida for 1935, lacking one
point of equalling the record of the
best chapter for that year. In 1936
the Homestead chapter was the best
in Florida and ranked as the second
best chapter in the United States.
The chapter entered every impor-
tant State contest and in addition
conducted local contests for which
suitable prizes were offered. A lead-
ership contest was one of the features
of the summer program. During the
year the chapter and individual mem-
bers received more than 500 inches
of newspaper stories. In addition to
this the chapter gave two radio pro-
grams totalling more than an hour.
had a 30-minute program dedicated
(Continued on Page 14)


Should a Future Farmer Go to College?

Professor of Agricultural Education

The chief objective of tie Smith-
Iughes Act is to train present and
lrcspective farmers for proficiency in
farming. All of the instruction giv-
en under tile Act must be of less than
college grade. As an organization,
one of the main
objectives of the
Fut ture Fa rulers
of America is to
tra in boys for
-. leadership.

T i e question
i i ll naturally
arise is it pos-
sible to reach
these two oljec-
tires with only a
high school edlu-
cation? At t he
outset, II a y I
EW. GA state that I real-
ize that there are many factors
which enter into tie making of
a successful farmler or a successful
leader; however. over a period of
years, oys who lhae had training ill
vocational agriculture and Future
Farmer ac itivies have comstaitly
demonstrated their ability to farm
and their ability to lenl inl Itir cbnm-
inunities. Living exslllples are to be
found in every section of the State
where teachers of agriculture are lo-
cated. The reader is also requested
to read in this issue of the College
Farmer the short sketch of each Fu-
ture Farmer from Florida who has
been awarded the American Farmer

Any person may be further con-
vinced that the organization known
as Future Farmers of America is
developing leaders if he will attend
one of their parent-and-son banquets
or local chapter meetings, attend
the State Convention held each year
in June at Gainesville, or attend the
National Convention held each year
in October in Kansas City, Missouri.
The question just asked would also
be answered in the affirmative if we
accept the results of research studies
that have been made on the subject.
Each of the studies that have been
made seems to indicate that boys who
have had vocational agriculture in the
high school get established in farm-
ing at an early age as compared to
boys who have had no such training.
The same studies also indicate that
high school preparation in agriculture
aids a boy to earn a better living than
he could have done without it.
On the other hand, few people
would disagree with the statement
that a boy who has good mental abil-
ity will profit by a degree in agricul-
ture taken as a part of his prepara-
tion for farming. Such a boy who
plans to be a fariner comes to college
to secure additional training in sci-
ence subjects, including chemistry,
bacteriology, plant physiology, plant
pathology, botany, genetics, and en-
tomology. This additional training will
certainly give him a better under-
standing of the principles upon which

the practices of agriculture are based.
In addition, he will also learn many
applications of these scientific prin-
ciples by taking technical courses in
There are a number of positions in
the field of agriculture, other than
actually producing crops and animals.
which usually require graduation from
college to enter. These positions vary
in character, but may be grouped un-
der the following heads:
a. Teaching agriculture in college.
b. Teaching vocational agriculture
in the high school.
c. Acting as county agricultural
d. Working at an agricultural ex-
periment station.
e. Working for the United States
Department of Agriculture.
f. Working for the State Depart-
ment of Agriculture and the State
Marketing Bureau.
g. Working for railroads as agricul-
tural development agents.
h. Acting as representatives for
commercial companies which sell
farm machinery, feeds, seeds, fertili-
zers, sprays, etc.
A person who has successful com-
pleted a course in agriculture at a
standard college has many o(f the
above opportunities open to him. In
each of these positions he will need
to use his leadership ability along
with his knowledge of technical ag-
May we go back to the original
question used for the title of this
article, Should a Future Farmer go
to College? My answer could le giv-
en both in the negative and inl the
affirmative. For a boy of average or
less in ability, who has a poor high
school record, it is very doubtful if
the improvement which he will be
able to get in college will be worth
the effort. Few students who fall in
the lower twenty-five percentile on
the tests used as a part of the en-
trance requirements at the University
of Florida ever graduate. Such stu-
dents who do come have to admit de-
feat as they leave. For a boy of this
type it would probably be better for
him to go directly into farming from
the high school. He has further avail-
able agricultural training by attend-
ing either part-time or evening
On the other hand. for a boy of bet-
ter than the average in ability, who
had made a good high school record,
and who is always anxious to know
the "why" of every scientific problem
connected with farming, a college ed-
ucation in agriculture should be a
good investment from quite a number
of different standpoints. In the first
place, a college education has a cul-
tural value which can not be measur-
ed-the whole outlook on life is
changed and the individual, as it were,
is living in another world. In the
second place, a college training should

aid a bright student in giving him
basic training which he may use from
year to year in satisfying his intellec-
tual curiosity. In the third place, the
four years spent at college broadens
the social contacts of any individual.
He has the opportunity to meet stu-
dents from every section of the State,
and from many other states and coun-
tries. In the fourth place, a college
education opens up many opportuni-
ties of service to any individual-op-
portunities which come only to college
trained people.

Future Farmer Flashes
Tampa: 200 Future Farmers gath-
ered at Tampa on January 30 for Fu-
ture Farmer Day at the Florida State
Fair. Boys judged livestock, meats,
hays and grains, and fruit: they were
guests of the Fair Association for the
grandstand acts; and also had the
privilege of listening to addresses by
Hon. Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of
Agriculture, and Hon. Colin English,
State Superintendent of Public In-
Orlando: Future Farmer chapters
in the Orlando section cooperated and
prepared a Future Farmer exhibit in
the Central Florida Fair at Orlando.
Tallahassee: The State Adviser an-
nounces that parent-and-son banquets
have been held at Trenton and Gaines-
ville. A number of distinguished
guests were present at the banquet
of the P. K. Yonge Chapter in Gaines-
ville. Among those present were Mr.
D. M. Clements. Federal Agent for
Agricultural Education, Washington,
D. C., Mr. M. W. Carrothers, State
Director of Public Instruction, Mr. J.
F. Williams. Jr., State Supervisor of
Agricultural Education, and officials
from the University of Florida and
Alachua county.
Williston: The Williston Chapter
F. F. A. sponsored an old-time fid-
dling and dancing contest February
20 at the high school auditorium.
Lake City: Adviser J. B. Johnson
announces that the Lake City chap-
ter's father-son banquet was success-
ful with 150 attending.
Pahokee: Pahokee Chapter held a
father-son banquet March 14 with 100
boys and parents attending.
W~auchula: A. R. Howard announc-
es that the Wauchula Chapter held
a father-son banquet March 17 with
175 boys and parents attending.
Apopka: J. J. Shirley, Adviser of
the Apopka Chapter, F. F. A., an-
nounces a father-son banquet was
held by his chapter March 11 with 75
in attendance.
Baker: F. F. A. father-son banquet
was held on March 26 with 100 at-
Mason City: Future Farmers were
hosts to their dads at a father-son
banquet with 60 attending.
Plant City: J. G. Smith. Adviser,
announces that the Plant City Chap-
ter. F. F. A., held a highly successful
father-son banquet recently.

April, 1937


Boys Who Have Received

American Farmer Degrees

It is the desire of every Future
Farmer to become an American Farm-
er, because this is the highest rank
that any member can obtain inl the
United States.
Each year Florida selects one cno-
didate who is eligible for this degree
and sends him to Kansas City to the
National F. F. A. Convention where
the degree is conferred. The Florida
boys who have obtained this degree
Gainesville, Florida
Gray was the first Florida boy to
receive the American Farmer degree.
receiving the degree in 1929. After
completing high school Gray entered
the University of Florida, graduating
from the College of Agriculture with
a major in Agricultural Economics in
June 1935.
After graduation Gray secured a
position with the Federal Land Bank
of Columbia, South Carolina. le re-
signed that position to accept work
with the University of Florida in
January of this year. He is now As-
sistant Economist in Farm Manage-
Gray owns thirty acres of land at
Plant City, a part of which is in cit-
rus. He is married, and lie and his
wife take an active part in all coim-
munity activities of the University
Aucilla, Florida
Woodrow received the American
Farmer degree in 1930. After coal-
pleting high school lie farmed for
several years il order to get enough
money to come to the University of
Florida. He is a member of the
Sophomore class at the University
and plans to major in poultry.
Woodrow is continuing to farm in
order to help him pay his college ex-
penses. He is renting a farm and
having 16 acres of tobacco. 15 acres
of corn and peanuts, and a number of
acres of feed crops produced by a
tenant. Woodrow owns two nmules.
twenty hogs, and other livestock val-
ued at $800.00.
Auburndale, Florida
Norton received the American
Farmer degree ill 1031. After coin-
pleting high school he has been farnm-
ing and working as a citrus inspect-
or for the State Department of Ag-
riculture. Norton is married and has
moved from Apolka to Auburndale.
Norton owns 70 acres of land. 5
acres of which is in citrus and 10
acres recently set to citrus. The
value of his property is $7250.00.
During 1936 Norton made a net prof-
it of $1235.63 on his farm. This
amount, of course, was in addition to
his salary as citrus inspector.
Norton is a member of the Ply-
mouth Citrus Growers Association.
He is still a big booster for the work
of the Future Farmer organization.
Apopka. Florida
James received the American Farm-
er degree in 1932. Hle married in

1936. After graduating fromI highly
school lie has been engaged in the
production of fern.
James owns one fernery valued at
$500.00 and then leases several other
ferneries. IHe made a labor income
in 193( of $1S25.00. and states that
this amount should be increased for
1'37. In addition to the fernery,
Jlnmes owns his lomne.
James has maintained his member-
ship in the Apopka chapterr of F. F.
A. and is a leader among the young
men of the A1)popka community.

Aucilla, Florida
Waldho received the Americaan Farm-
er degree in 1933. After completing
high school lie calie to tie University


of Florida where lihe is majoring in
Agricultural Eduncaion. Waldo hopes
to graduate iln .uly.
\Waldo still owns live stock and poul-
try valued at $S(00.00. These animals
are helping to pay his college ex-
penses. He believes in work and
earns part of his college expenses by
working at the University of Florida
WValdo has made a gowld college rec-
ord. is a member of Alpha Zeta. F.
F. A. editor for lihe College Farmer,
and has been president of the Agri-
cultural Club of tle Agricultural Col-
Plant City, Florida
Jacques received tile American
Frimner degree in 1934. After lie
graduated from high school he has
been producing strawberries and
truck crops. Ile is married and has
three partners in farming-his wife,
one son and one daughter.
Jacques is renting a farm but has
plans under wiay to purchase a sixty
acre farm this year. lie owns live

stock and farmi equipment valued at
$575.00. His labor income for 1936
was $1000.00.
Jacques has had several college
courses at Southern College and sev-
eral courses by extension from the
University of Florida. He is a mem-
ber of the Plant City Production
Credit Association.
Laurel Hill, Florida
Greely received the American
Farmer degree in 1935. He is mar-
ried and has two children. Since
graduation from high school he has
been devoting all of his time to farm-
Greely owns a farm of 204 acres,
two work animals, eight Jersey cows,
eighteen Poland China hogs, two
sheep, and twenty-five hens. His
farm, live stock and farm machinery
have a total value of $4.977.00. For
the year 1936 hle made a labor income
of $1.031.45.
Greely is now an honorary member
of the Laurel Hill Chapter of F. F.
A. and has attended three evening
classes in vocational agriculture since
his high school graduation.
Largo, Florida
Lester received the American
Farmer degree in 1930. He graduated
from high school in June 1936 and
is now a Freshman at the University
of Florida with plans to major in
Agricultural Education.
Lester made a labor income during
his four years of vocational agricul-
ture of $814.11. IHe has sold the most
of his live stock in order to finance
his first year at the University of
Lester was president of the Largo
Chapter last year and president of
the Florida Association of Future
Farmers of America.

From Washington

President Roosevelt made the fol-
lowing statement to a group of Fu-
ture Farmers:
"I want you to know that I appre-
ciate the great work you are doing.
I wish to remind you that you young
men are representing the younger
generation in agriculture and that in
your hands lies the future of Ameri-
can rural life.
"I do not hesitate to say that while
you are entering upon this great work
that the odds are 1,000 to 1 you will
not become millionaires as farmers.
But the odds are the other way, too,
because there is more than mere
money involved. There is something
more important, and that is you are
holding up for future generations the
soundest kind of American life.
"You will never starve and you will
always have a roof over your heads
and will have educational facilities
for your families. These things mean
more than the advantages in indus-
trial life.
"I want you young men to bring
home to this country the basic ad-
vantages of rural life. You are per-
forming a real service for the future
of this country, and I want you to
go back to your respective states and
keep up the good work."

April, 1937


Future Farmer Day Held


Approximately 1,500 Future Farm-
ers, representing 58 chapters in 41
counties, gathered in Tampa on Sat-
urday, January 30, 1937, as guests of
the Fair Association for Future
Farmer Day, held as a feature of the
Florida State Fair.
Addresses were made by Mr. W. G.
Brorein, President of the State Fair
Association; Mr. Colin English, State
Superintendent of Public Instruction;
and Mr. Nathan Mayo, State Commis-
sioner of Agriculture.
The Future Farmers were divided
into groups and spent the morning in
judging. The boys judged citrus;
vegetables; hay, grain, and forage;
and home-cured pork and pork pro-
ducts. More than a thousand boys
also judged the various classes of
beef cattle on exhibit at the fair in
connection with the beef cattle show
sponsored by the Florida Cattlemen's
Association. The boys, in judging
these beef cattle, gained an inspira-
tion as to the type of cattle that they
will want to produce on their own
farms. At the same time they had
excellent practice in beef cattle judg-
ing, which will stand them in good
stead at the State livestock judging
contest to be held in connection with
the Annual F. F. A. State Convention
in Gainesville in June, at which time
the winning team in livestock judging
will be selected to represent Florida
in the national livestock judging con-
test in Kansas City in October.
The boys judging exhibits in the
Exhibit Building received as prizes a
sterling silver loving cup and $200 in
cash prizes. The teams representing
the following chapters won prizes as

Florida State Fair

Outstanding chapter in entire con-
test Seminole (Sanford) Sterling
Silver Loving Cup.
Winners in Various Groups



Chapter Prize
Seminole (Sanford) ............$15.00
L argo .................... ........... ........ 10.00
P lant C ity ................................ 7.50
Springhead ................................ 5.00
F t. M eade ................... ....... .... 5.00
DeSoto (Arcadia) .................. 5.00
P alm etto .. .......... ....... ........ 2.50
Chapter Prize
Plant City ............ .................... $15.00
L argo ..................... ... .. 10.00
Seminole (Sanford) ........ 7.50
Sarasota ........................... ... .. 5.00
Wauchula ...................... ........... 5.00
DeSoto (Arcadia) .............. 5.00
Hernando (Brooksville) 2.50

Place Chapter Prize
1st Baker .$15.00
2nd P. K. Yonge (Gainesville) 10.00
3rd H aw thorne ................................... 7.50
4th Tate (Gonzalez) .................. 5.00
5th Greenville 5.00
6th Waldo .. 5.00
7th C hiefland ....................................... 2.50
Place Chapter Prize
1st Williston .. $15.00
2nd R eddick ..................................... 10.00
3rd P. K. Yonge (Gainesville) 7.50
4th Jay ............................ ..... ...... .... 5.00
5th Greenville .............. ........... 5.00
6th Tate (Gonzalez) ............. 5.00
7th M ason ....... ........ ......... .. .... 2.50


Walton County farmers plow excel-
lent terraces without the use of heavy
machinery and equipment simply by
attaching an old saw blade to a one-
horse or two-horse plow, says County
Agent Mitchell Wilkins. They have
discarded drags and other similar
equipment, and are plowing terraces
15 feet wide and 20 inches high, as
required in the soil conservation pro-
Take an old discarded crosscut saw
that is stiff and not less than five
inches wide in the middle. Cut a
piece off the blade 22 inches long, and
punch holes two inches from each end.
Remove bolt in moldboard of plow
that holds brace or handle, and in-
sert wide end of saw blade just back
of moldboard and replace the bolt
through the hole in the blade. Place
a wire in the hole at the other end
of the blade and fasten to front end
of beam, pulling blade six to eight
inches forward to conform to curve
of moldboard. The other end of the
blade can be raised or lowered as
necessary to do most efficient work.
Another piece of saw blade about
the same length can be forced in be-
tween the moldboard and the first
piece, extending upward to keep dirt
from running over the top of the
pllow when plowing deep.
Make two ordinary furrows with
the plow on the first round. Then
set the plow deep and cut only half
the widtl. This throws the dirt high,
and the saw blade catches it and rolls
it up to the desired place. If the at-
tachment is properly adjusted, it will
aid greatly in building excellent ter-
races which will not break and cause
bad washouts.

This shows a portion of the group of 1,500 Future Farmers in attendance at Future Farmer Day at the Florida
State Fair in Tampa on Saturday, January 30. Just behind the F. F. A. banner, reading left to right are: Mr.
Colin English. State Superintendent of Public Instruction; Mr. W. G. Brorein, President of the Florida State Fair
Association; Mr. Nathan Mayo, State commissioner of Agriculture; and Mr. J. F. Williams, Jr., State Adviser,
Florida Association, F. F. A.

April, 1937



The University of Florida Cafeteria and Book Store Soda

Fountain welcome all Future Farmers attending the State Con-

vention in June.

Quality and Quantity

at the lowest cost

The University Cafeteria

Eat what you want-
-when you want it
at the
University Book Store Soda Fountain

The Barnett National Bank of Jackson-
ville, established May 7, 1877, has,
throughout its sixty years' existence,
maintained a friendly interest in the
agricultural development of Florida.

We contribute this space not because
we anticipate immediate returns, but be-
cause of our interest in the agricultural
students. Their efforts now and their
thoughts which will be contributed to
this important work in the future mean
much to the State of Florida.


of Jacksonville, Florida

Oldest national bank in Florida
Member of F.D.I.C.

April, 1937


Interesting Campus News Notes

Toreador Club to Sponsor

Livestock Show and Rodeo

The "Little International Livestock
Show" and rodeo will be staged at the
University of Florida College of Agri-
culture May 1. The Toreador C('lub,
under the leadership of Wilson Mat-
thews, president, is now actively en-
gaged in preparing for the largest
livestock show and rodeo in its
hist ory.
This Club was organized in 1932 by
the students in animal husbandry in
the College of Agriculture at the Uni-
versity of Florida. The word "Tore-
ador" means bull-fighter, which is a

President of Toreador (lub

very descriptive term for its members
as they are seen staging the rodeo.
Among the more active organizers
were J. A. McClellan, now County
Agent of Pasco County, and W. W.
Henley, now with the U. S Bureau
of Animal Industry working in Flor-
ida. First officers of the club includ-
ed W'. W. Henley president. A. Ild-
son vice-president, and J. A. McClllan
secretary-treasurer. The club was or-
ganized for the purpose of putting
on a Little International Livestock
Show, the objective of which is to
afford the students an opportunity to
gain experience in showmanship, fit-
ting livestock for show or sale, and
to familiarize themselves with the
habits of livestock.
The club consisting of 22 members
staged its first livestock show in the
afternoon of May 14, 1932. There
were only 22 students who partici-
pated in the show and only 20 entries
were shown. The animals shown
were beef cattle, dairy cattle, sheep,

and swine. Although the show was
small as depicted by the number of
entries and the small crowd of ap-
proximately 300 spectators, the club
had been organized, the show had
been a success and the boys were
In 1935 the club added to its show
a rodeo consisting of steer riding,
horse racing, and whip cracking. In
1936 the show again increased its
size by adding to its program a poul-
Iry show and egg exhibit. Today the
Little International Livestock Show
is a marked improvement over the
one of 1932 as shown by an increase
in number of entries and a great in-
crease in number of attendants. A
number of improved animals have
been imported into the college herds
which affords the members of the
club more and better animals with
which to work, and tihe show and
rodeo is now presented at night under
flood lights.
The attendance of last year's edi-
tion of the livestock show was ap-
proximately 2.000 and even larger
crowds are expected this year, in-
cluding citizens from all over the
state and from adjoining states.
Many classes of beef cattle, dairy
cattle, sheep, swine, poultry, and eggs
will be exhibited this year. The main
features of the rodeo which is held
in conjunction will the livestock
show will be steer riding, horse rac-
ing. greased-pig catching, wild cow
milking, and a whip cracking exhibi-

Chalir'man of Rodeo

The proceedings of the exhibition
will be broadcast over WRUF. This
will be the first program of this na-
ture to be broadcast in the state. Ev-
eryone is urged to attend the show
and rodeo.

Our Miss Shaw

Miss Eleanor Shaw, who for the
last 12 years has been Major Floyd's
secretary, first came to Florida from
Boston on September 12, 1912. Before
coming to the University she was en-
gaged at Harvard University as a
public stenographer. Miss Shaw was
secretary to Dr. P. H. Rolfs, then
dean of the college, from 1912 to 1919
when she resigned to enter private
business. Three years later Miss
Shaw came back to the Experiment
Station and worked under Dr. Wilmon
Newell. l)enn of tie collegee In June
1925 she was appointed as Dean
Floyd's secretary.
The Florida Horticultural Society
honored Miss Shaw with a life mem-
bership in its organization for the
valuable service she rendered in
making a complete index of its pro-
ceedings. This year is the Society's
50th anniversary. At the close of its
annual meeting, in Ocala, Miss Shaw
will complete the index for the first
half century.
Miss Shaw owns a home and grove
in Mount Dora. She is a Past Pres-
ident of the Philharmonic Society.
Our hats are off to you Miss Shaw,
we of the college, both past and pres-
ent, wish to express our sincere ap-
preciation for all that you have done
for the college and for us.-F'. H. Rich.

Ag Club Members Speak
Before Home-Town Groups
During the last few weeks Ag Club
members have made several speeches
before their home-town high schools
and F. F. A. chapters. The object of
this plan is to give the potential col-
lhge students a bird's-eye view of the
University of Florida as a whole, and
the advantages of enrolling in the
College of Agriculture. During a
recent meeting, several members who
had made speeches at home gave very
favorable reports concerning their
Dr. A. P. Black and R. W. Black-
lock have been the recent speakers
for the club, and have presented very
educational talks. Dr. Black told of
the activities of agriculture and its
relation to chemistry, while Mr.
Blacklock gave an account of boys'
4-H club work in the state.
Soon, plans will be made for the
annual Ag. College Night, with the
hope of a bigger and better event
than ever. Plans will also be made
for the club's week-end visit to Tal-
lahassee. as guests of the college
girls' 4-H club.


April, 1937

Ag. College Graduates

Obtains Positions
It is remarkable how many of the what we would class as farmers be-
graduates in the College of Agricul- cause they were either operating their
ture at the University of Florida ol)- own farm or farming on some other
tain good positions almost ilnmedi- basis. The remainder were occupied
ately after leaving school. Of course as company employees, salesmen, iln-
it is up to the individual whether he spectors, economists, chemists. ento-
wants to remain in that position for mologists. agronomists, poultrymen.
life, strive for advancement as an and there was even one lawyer.
employee of the government, state, Nearly 37%/ of the entire group re-
or some commercial company, or after ceived annual salaries ranging from
a number of years purchase a farm $1,000 to $2.000: 27%. $2.000 to
and live thereafter on it. Regardless, $3,.0(0: and 10%. $3,000 to $4 000.
however, it is a very small number of Eleven percent of the total received
graduates who obtain positions and less than $1,000 annually and only one
then lost them, unless it is for the percent received more than $5.000.
betterment of their careers .
At a recent conference with the ad-
Another item of interest is concern- At r t inference with the
ing the salary the graduates receive, inisttive manager of th Stte Ex-
and the type of work ill which they tension Service, it was learned that
are occupied. Approximately 85% of as far as known at present, there are
all graduates employed receive a sal- only two Ag collegee graduntes who
ary varying from $1.000 to $4,000 an- ire in need of a position, who at least
nually depending upon the type of do not have one in view.
work entered. While the work that Tle s'luervisors cf agriculturalr
each enters is mostly of a service na- work in this state are to be comnrend-
ture, such as vocational agriculture ed upon the work tb;t they o e dI-
teachers, county agents. and research ing ill assisting the graduates to find
and extension service workers. positions. With continued increase in
During 1934 a survey was taken of dlelmand for a', riculturn' products we
approximately 235 men who had grad- fol sure thtt Oerv *'011ier of the
uated from the College of Agriculture college f Agriculture wil find en-
at Florida, and at that time less than ':loyaclut ilInedliately after gradun-
4 percent were unemployed, and a tion. ,iid still there will be room for
great many of these were only out of mere
work for a short while. Of the total
number, more than 2(10 were employed
here in the state, while the majority Prominent Entomologists
of the others had positions in North Attnd ate Conrerence
(arolina, South Carolina, New York Attend tt Conerence
and Washington, D. C. One person The second annual Florida Ento-
was employed in England. mological Conference was held in
Approximately 17% of the total Gainesville on March 19 and 20.
were teachers: S%. rehabilitation su- Many of the most prominent entomol-
pervisors; 7%, county agents: 5%, ogists in the United States attended.
citrus grove caretakers: 5%. educa- Among them were such well known
tional advisers of CCC clamps: 4%. authorities as Dr. Herbert Osborn.
horticulturists; and nearly were Dr. H. T. Fernald, Dr. Z. P. Metcalf.
Dr. Lee A. Strong, Dr. W. S. Blatch-
Zeta Ses C r ley, and Dr. H. A. Surface. Dr.
Alpha Zeta Seeks Closer Strong, Chief of the U. S. Bureau of
Contact With All Alumni Entomology and Plant Quarantine,
was one of the featured speakers.
In keeping with its established ob- Members of the Newell Entomolog-
jectives, the Fraternity of Alpha Zeta ical Society had on display an exhibi-
is determined to increase more than tion of the major insect pests of the
ever the prestige of the College of United States, together with material
Agriculture, both on the campus and showing the nature of the depredn-
in the state. There are several effec- tions for which they are responsible.
tive plans, not the least of which is Many other varied and interesting dis-
an attempt to contact the alumni of plays on similar subjects had been
the organization. Such alumni should arranged.
be foremost in agriculture, having On Friday evening. March 19. a
been former members of the leader- birthday banquet was given in honor
ship fraternity of the college. An of Dr. Herbert Osborn. Professor
account of their success will thus show Emeritus of Ohio State University. Dr.
up well for the agricultural unit here. Osborn is now residing in Winter
Consequently, the mid-year publication Park.
of the organization, the "Alpha Zeta During the past few months the
Sunshine", is called to the especial society has been very fortunate in
attention of Alpha Zeta alumni, securing for its meetings the services
A further means of bringing the of several excellent speakers. Dean
college into more prominence is to Wilmon Newell gave a very interest-
be the State Radio Station. Previous ing talk on the contributions of the
to this time, members of Alpha Zeta southern entomologists to the field of
have been making bi-monthly talks entomology. Dr. Herbert Spencer. Di-
over the radio; but, under a new ar- vision of Fruit Insect Investigations.
rangement, the fraternity will have spoke on the major insect pests of
complete charge of the program of the the United States, with special refer-
Florida Farm Hour once a month. ence to the fruit insects.



the best






Write for Catalogue



Seed Co.

Established in 1875

Jacksonville, Florida

April, 1937



April, 1937


Activities of

Florida 4-H Club Boys and Girls

Wildlife Conservation

Program for Club Boys

A Boys' 4-H Club wildlife conserva-
tion program has been planned to in-
terest Florida farm boys in the pro-
tection, propogation and management
of desirable forms of native wildlife
and the control of harmful ones.
An appreciation of Nature as ex-
emplified in trees, flowers and birds
naturally will be a part of the study
of wild life.
The importance of conserving and
increasing the wildlife in Florida is
not appreciated as it should be. The
money spent in hunting and fishing in
Florida each year makes these sports
one of the biggest businesses in
the state. There was $100,241.00
spent for hunting and fishing licenses
in Florida in 1935. As all who hunt
and fish know, the license is the
smallest item in the cost of these
sports. The United States Bureau of
Biological Survey has estimated that
this country's wild life resources are
responsible for business revenues to-
talling about one billion dollars a
year. For Florida the figure prob-
ably would be $20,000,000 annually.
Many changes have taken place in
the wildlife population in Florida
since Ponce de Leon came hunting
the Fountain of Youth. Early set-
tlers found game in great abundance.
Men now living tell of deer and wild
turkey coming through their door-
yards. Squirrels and quail were so
abundant that the supply seemed in-
Cutting the timber and putting the
land into cultivation has changed
this. From a super-abundance, game
in Florida has decreased until today
its preservation is of vital importance
to all people. Laws limiting the
hunting season and bag limit have
been passed in an attempt to con-
serve the game supply. They have
helped but have failed to stop the
decrease of game, birds and animals.
We must do something more than we
have in the past or a 20 million dol-
lar industry will be lost to Florida.
Florida is particularly interested in
quail and deer for the hunters and
bass for the fishermen. If our state
is to continue to attract large num-
bers of winter visitors who hunt and
fish we must find a way to increase
the wild life in the state. This can
be done and 4-H club boys can help
do it.
The work of the United States For-
est Service in the game refuge in the
Ocala National Forest is proof that
it is possible to increase the number
of deer in a locality. A breeding
ground for deer was established in

the Ocala Forest area in which all
hunting has been prohibited for some
years. In a game count last year it
was found that there are over 2,500
deer in the reserve. Many deer are
killed each year around the boundar-
ies of the reserve. There will be good
deer hunting in that area just as
long as the game refuge and breeding
ground is protected.
The work done by Pennsylvania,
New York, North Dakota, Minnesota
and other states in the introduction
and propagation of pheasants proves
that it is possible to improve bird
shooting. These states secured the co-
operation of farmers and sportsmen in
raising pheasants with such success
that the hunting season has been
lengthened and the bag limit raised.
The State of Florida is attempting to
do something similar with quail.
Four-H1 club work is an agricultural
organization and is interested in all
phases of farm life. The game depends
upon the land and the farmers own the
land, so wildlife and its conservation
is a real farm problem. Club boys are
interested in all natural resources of
their home farms and will become
more interested as they learn more
about the birds, game, flowers and
"This conservation study project is
a start and we hope to add projects in
game management and propagation as
necessary information is obtained. We
want to see boys of the 4-H club taking
a leading part in making Florida the
land of good hunting and fishing," says
R. W. Blacklock, State Boys' Club

Best Club Work
By County Agent

Mr. James A. McClellan, Jr., an old
4-11 Club boy, gets the credit for do-
ing the best boys' 4-H club work in
Florida for 1936.
In Pasco County, where there are
412 boys available for 4-H club work,
Mr. McClellan enrolled 263 boys having
a total of 319 projects. This was his
first year in the county. He also or-
ganized 11 local clubs and a County
Council which functions in many
ways to make the club program more
Pasco County has done everything
suggested for a good club program.
Ten boys attended the short course
at Gainesville, and 36 boys went to
Club Camp. A judging team competed
in the State Beef Cattle Judging Con-

test and won fourth place. Even
though the State Pig Club show was
held 275 miles away, Pasco County
had the largest number of pigs of any
county exhibiting. Two demonstration
teams were trained, and put on sev-
eral public demonstrations. A club
rally was held and the club contest
was a county-wide affair.
The first loan from the Production
Credit Association for 4-H club pur-
poses in Florida was promoted by
Mr. McClellan. Club boys bought 26
Jersey heifers. which came from Ten-
nessee, and 25 purebred pigs were
brought into the county by club boys.
Through the efforts of County
Agent James A. McClellan, Jr.. club
work in the lives of Pasco County
4-H club boys has become a strong
and vital force.

4-H Poultry Judging

Contest In Orlando

A poultry judging contest, spon-
sored by the Central Florida Exposi-
tion, was held in Orlando February
20. Nine counties were represented,
with a total of 12 teams entered.
Eight of these teams were boys and
four were composed of girls.
The Alachua County team, made up
of Dan Roberts, Stanley Rosenberger
and Robert Douglass, won first place,
Second place went to the Orange Coun-
ty girls with the boys' team from the
same county third. Boys teams from
Lake and Suwannee counties placed
fourth and fifth respectively.
Each entrant in the contest exhib-
ited five chickens and a dozen selected
eggs, together with record books of
work done, and all contestants took
part in the judging. Points were based
on their exhibits, questions, record
books, and skill in judging. Both in-
dividual and team ratings were taken.
This, poultry judging contest demon-
strated the truth that 4-H work fur-
nishes the inspiration, and often helps
to supply the necessary money, which
leads many boys to go to college. Mil-
ton Mingonet of Lake County made
highest score at the contest and was
awarded a hundred dollar scholarship
to the College of Agriculture at the
University of Florida. The scholar-
ship was made possible by the Central
Florida Exposition.

It is estimated that 1,523,000 big-
game animals now have refuge in the
national forests, a gain of 250,000
aniinmals since January 1, 1935.

There are now more than one mil-
lion rural boys and girls enrolled in
4-H clubs in the United States. The
number passed the million mark in
1936 for the first time.


More Standard 4-H Clubs
Is Goal of State Council

The State Boys' 4-H Club Council
has set as its goal the organizing of
as many standard clubs and county
councils in the state as possible.
The Council realizes that more stan-
dard clubs mean better club work. The
following requirements will goven the
rating of all local clubs in Florida: A
membership of five or more, an adult
local leader, a club organization with a
constitution, and a carefully worked
out program for the year. The charters
received by the clubs will be signed
by the Secretary of the United States
Department of Agriculture, the State
Director of Extension, and the State
Boys' Club agent.
It is anticipated that the County
Councils will organize the clubs of the
county into a unit working together
for the good of all. If the county
council works with its county agent,
a vigorous and beneficial program can
be carried out.
The State Council will work with
the county councils to form a better
organization that will bring all coun-
ties closer together, so that a well bal-
anced 4-H club program can be effec-
tively worked out.

Lake County Holds 4-H
Show and Judging Contest

The Lake County 4-H Club Show
is an annual feature of club work in
that county. Realizing the value of
4-H Club work in the county, the
Lake County Fair Association offers
each year many valuable awards in
all types of 4-H competition.
The show included exhibits of poul-
try, livestock and garden products. In
connection with the show a poultry
and livestock judging contest was
Each year a cup is awarded by the
Fair Association to the club that has
been the most satisfactory during
the year. The cup was awarded to the
Umatilla Club this year on the basis
of attendance at club rally day, at-
tendance at summer camp and per-
centage of projects completed by club

Up to 20 Tons of Steel
Used on 150-Acre Farm

To equip a 150-acre grain and
dairy farm with a full complement
of agricultural implements and equip-
ment made of steel would require
nearly twenty tons of steel, accord-
ing to the American Iron and Steel
Almost 15,000 pounds of steel
would be used in fencing the farm, if
all-steel fence were used, while more
than 21,000 pounds would consist of
the steel in the agricultural imple-
ments, .both machinery and hand
tools, suggested by farm authorities
as ideal equipment for a 150-acre
farm raising principally grains and
potatoes. Steel would also be used

in dairy equipment and for various
miscellaneous uses about the farm.
An average of 1400 rods of fence
is found on a farm of 150 acres, ac-
cording to agricultural experts. If
about three-quarters of the fence
were woven wire fencing and the re-
mainder of the three-strand, barbed
wire type, about 12,000 pounds of
steel would be required, not includ-
ing about 500 pounds for poultry net-
ting. Steel posts, placed 15 feet
apart, would weigh 2000 pounds;
steel gates about 200 pounds.
A farm of 150 acres equipped with
all the agricultural implements sug-
gested by farm authorities as ideal
for a grain and potato raising farm
of this size would have one all-pur-
pose tractor, containing about 3500
pounds of steel and four plows and
harrows of various types, totaling
nearly 3000 pounds of steel. In ad-
dition there would be a potato dig-
ger, hayloader, grain binder, corn
binder, ensilage cutter, manure
spreader and several other implements
containing from 75 to 2250 pounds of
steel each. The total weight of steel
in the farm implements would be
close to 21,000 pounds.
Miscellaneous hand tools, such as
scythes, axes, pitchforks, shovels,
hoes and other tools, would contain
about 250 pounds of steel.
The steel in dairy equipment neces-
sary for a herd of ten cows is esti-
mated at over 1000 pounds. Milk
cans would be available to hold twice
as much milk as one day's produc-
tion because of the shipment of milk
and cans between the farm and the
creamery. On the basis of three gal-
lons of milk per day from each cow.
six ten-gallon cans would be neces-
sary, weighing a total of 170 pounds.
Milk pails, strainers and such their
miscellaneous equipment would con-
tain almost 100 pounds more steel,
while steel stanchions for holding
ten cows in the barn would weigh 750
The total of more than 37,000
pounds of steel used in these farm
implements and equipment does not
include the nails, pipe or other
products widely used in the construc-
tion of farm buildings, and is exclu-
sive of the steel in personal and
household possessions.
Miami, Fla.-Girls of the Dade
County 4-H Club Junior Council re-
cently celebrated the twenty-fifth an-
niversary of home demonstration
work in Florida and the thirteenth
anniversary of the work in Dade
Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.-The use of
Italian clay and seedpods of coco-
nuts in making decorative plaques
was studied at recent meetings of the
Hollywood and Ft. Lauderdale home
demonstration clubs, according to a
report from Miss Olga M. Kent, Bro-
ward County home agent.
Marianna, Fla.-Six hundred Jack-
son County girls are enrolled in 4-H
club work, according to a report from
Mrs. Bonnie J. Carter, home agent.
There are 20 clubs in the county.

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April, 1937







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(Continued from Page 5)

to it by the State Association. and
had special mention during the Fu-
ture Farmers of America radio pro-
gram given during the Farm and
Home hour over a national "hook-up"
on three different occasions.
During the year 1935-36, Mr. Wake-
field made more than 150 service calls
to individuals in the community re-
questing assistance. Three farmers'
meetings were held for the purpose
of improving standards n(: certain
types of farms. A meeting of fathers
of students was held also for the pur-
pose of getting assistance in formu-
lating a program of work for the ag-
ricultural department.
Mr. Wakefield visited about 60
farmers who were not connected with
the department. Ten farm surveys
were made using tile new Farm Sur-
vey blank, 10 farmers' meetings were
attended and five demonstrations
were staged for the benefit of farm-
ers. The agricultural library was
made available to local farmers and
the Homestead community was or-
ganized in every manner possible for
educational and recreational purposes.
A poultry industry was developed and
a live-at lhone program was encour-
aged. Mr. Wakefield and his stu-
dents assisted in staging the Redland
District Fruit Festival, built a booth,
displayed products and won the
sweepstakes prize at the fair.
Mr. Wakefield cooperated in every
possible way with all governmental
agencies in the relief of unemployed
and assisted many needy persons in
the community to obtain relief. He
was responsible for aiding some 20
women in south Dade County to ob-
tain jobs in a sewing project which
was housed in the Future Farmer
club house. The department organiz-
ed an N. Y. A. project which gave work
to 14 young men and furnished some
needed beautification work on the
school grounds. Mr. Wakefield work-
ed in every way possible with the A.
A. A., placing particular emphasis on
assistance to farmers with their po-
tato acreage reduction program.
In addition to all these activities
Mr. Wakefield participated in civic
organizations, attended church regu-
larly. gave publicity to the vocational
program, continued his efforts toward
beautification of the community and
the conservation of natural resources.
On his land laboratory plot he con-
tinued the devoleipn:ent of fruit grove

GHte ^a#pe% 3,njrabij9 Qtompatij lnc.
Jack~donvill c-lorida


ar L


b -

and forestry plots and he also con-
tinued the beautification of school
Mr. Wakefield discharged the re-
sponsibilities of his general school
work and prepared and sent in re-
ports to the State office and the coun-
ty superintendent of schools when
they were due. He attended district
and state conferences for agricultural
teachers, and joined teachers' associa-
tions. He read professional maga-
zines and books and visited six other
departments during the year.
Because of this splendid record Mr.
Wakefield scored 960 points out of a
possible 1.0(0 on the regulation score
card which is used by the state. He
is a pioneer in F. F. A. work and has
contributed more than any other
teacher to it. His F. F. A. chapter
house is the first and only one in the
He has consistently ranked in the
first five men on the state score card
rating for a number of years. His
Future Farmer chapter at Homestead
has twice been a winner in national
competition. In this particular field
he is looked upon as a leader by his
fellow teachers as well as the offi-
cials under whom lie works. The
State of Florida owes Mr. Wakefield
a debt of gratitude for the influence
he has had on Future Farmer work
in the state as a whole.
Mr. George N. Wakefield is an out-
standing teacher in the field of vo-
cational agriculture.


The election of Joseph H. Black last
fall at Kansas City as the National
President of the F. F. A. caine as a
well-deserved honor for his remark-
able record in vocational agriculture.
Who knows but that some Florida F.
F. A. boy may sonie day even surpass
this outstanding achievement? Joe is
only 19 years of age and graduated
last year from the High School at
Sheridan, Wyoming, after completing
three years of Vocational Agriculture
and F. F. A. membership. IIe re-
ceived his State Farmer Degree in
Joe cash-rents 45 acres of land for
potatoes and corn and he and his
brother rent 35 acres of corn lanl.
lie holds half interest in 23 sows and
135 pigs. Joe is using his project earn-
ing toward a college education. Since
le has three younger brothers, he will
be unable to nianaie the lionie farm.
but upon graduation he has secured
a farm near his hole and is engaged
in raising certified seed potatoes and
purebred l hogs. From his supervised
farming program he realized a labor
income of $2,532 and $52 from other
agricultural work. His record shows
that he has $2.101 invested in farm-
ing and l$11.S in other assets. Joe has
been president and secretary of his F.
F. A. chapter. president of the Wyo-
niing F. F. A. Association. president
of the Student Council, and president
of the Young People's Society of Deck-
er, Montana. He was captain of the
high school baseball team in 1936. He
was selected as the most outstanding
student of the entire high school of
1)70 and ranked in the upper third of
his class of 167 in scholarship.


April, 1937



Up-to-date Implements Placed

in Farm Machinery Laboratory

By WALI)() BISHOP, '37
The introduction of agricultural
machinery has been the most signifi-
cant feature of the developiilenit of
American agriculture. Production by
machinery methods not only account
for the far-reaching changes which
have taken place in general conditions
surrounding the industry, but have had
a profound influence upon the work
and well-being of the farmer him-
self. It has enabled him to increase
the size of his farming operations
thereby better distribute his time and
efforts to the end that he may have
a more abundant life. Increased Ipro-
duction per man, a reduction in hours
of labor per day, and increased in-
conles are some of the results of
mechanized agriculture.
The College of Agriculture of tihe
University of Florida has long rec-
ognized the desirability of its stu-
dents familiarizing themselves with
the most up-to-date machinery used
in agricultural production by insist-
ing that each student take some
course along that line. Tlhe course
work, as desirable as it may be, would
not le complete without tlie latest
types of machines for laboratory
study. The student needs to not only
see these machines. lint should actual-
ly operate them. The college alone
could not provide the facilities neces-
sary for the student to have this op-
portunity. Machinery is being contin-
uously improved. New machines are
being put on the market at frequent
intervals. To keep the farin machin-
ery laboratory equipped with the Iat-
est types of the various nlachines
would require a nlrge sumn of money
each year for it would lie necessary
to replace this machinery often if
our supply is not to Ibecoie obsolete.
Some of the manufacturers of farll'
machinery have collie to tlh assist-
ance of the College of Agriculture by
consigning to the farm machinery
laboratory a large quantity of equip-
ment. This machinery remains in the
laboratory from olne to tiwo years
when it is replaced by machines of
a later model. Ill this wayi the most
up-to-date machinery is available for
the student to study. It is not neces-
sary for him to imagine what im-
provements have been made in any
particular machine. for they have the
latest models before them. HIe can
actually try these out and see just
what they will do;i can observe tlhe
quality of material and worknmanshilp
in them and thereby lie t better judge
of his future equipment.
This service does not colne without
cost. These concerns who consign
large quantities of machinery here
each year must take considerable de-
preciation on this equipment when
they offer it for sale. for they are
anxious for the students to put these
machines on demonstration and not
just look at them.
The tremendous cost to the ninui-
facturers of keeping the latest types
of machines in the farm machinery

lahiloratory is not only appreciated by
tlhe teaching staff liut by those who
are to cnllduct our farming opera-
lions of Florida in the near future,
for all of them are familiar with the
arrangements which places this na-
chinery at their disposal for study
i:id demonstration.

Feeding Baby Chicks

The first few weeks are the most
importlant t of a chicken's life. A little
difference in the quality of the chick's
feed nmay mean a great difference in
tile quality and value of the finished
layer. )Only the best of feed and care
ican produce the best layers.
The niash to le used should boe
cholsen intelligently. Either an all-
Illnsh or a combination of nash andl
grain may lie fed. Both systems aire
Small flock owners who prefer to
hbuy a ready-mnixed commercial feed
because it is convenient slioul he-
ware of clihap feeds. Many have no
scientific background and are inade
of inferior ingredients. Somi poultry-
men find it economical to do their
own mixing. Only trained ilmeln have
tlie ability to figure out a properly

balanced ration. The U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture recommends the
following chick mash for the first
three weeks:
Yellow corn m eal ................. ........ ...........40
B ran ... ... ....... ....... .... 15
Middlings (or ground wheat) ............ 10
Meat of fish meal
(53.9% protein) ........................... ....... 10
Rolled oats (or oat groats) .................10
Dried milk (34.6% protein) ................10
A lfalfa leaf m eal ..................................... 2
Ground lim estone ................. ....... ........ 2
S a lt ............. .... ..... ... .... ........ .. 1

Total (protein 18.6% ) .....................100
In addition to this, an extra source
of Vitamines "A" and "D" are needed.
One or two pints of cod-liver oil will
do nicely. It should be evenly distri-
buted through the mash.
A scratch feed composed of equal
parts of finely cracked corn and
wheat may lie fed when the chicks
are three weeks old. Plenty of scratch
feed and granite grit produce hens
with large gizzards which will per-
mit high egg production.
Plenty of fresh, clean water must
be always available in containers so
designed that the chicks or the litter
cannot get wet. The more advanced
poultrymen do not contaminate the
water with drugs. Most of them are
worthless and many are harmful. In
most cases, if the water medicine is
strong enough to lie effective in kill-
ing germs, it is too strong for the
delicate inner linings of a baby chick.
Let us feed the chicks well now and
they will feed us well later.

April, 1937





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April, 1937


Pres. & General Mgr.


Brooksville Has Largest

F. F. A. Chapter In State

The Hernando Chapter, F. F. A. is
now the largest chapter in the state
with a paid membership of 72 boys.
The chapter, organized in September,
1935, has increased over 60% above
last year.
Over 200 projects are being carried
by the members of the chapter, and
if these projects were all on one farm
it would be the largest in Hernando
County. The labor income from the
projects last year was $5,430. This
year a much stronger project program
has been undertaken, the minimum
per boy being two, and some boys
have as many as five projects.
One of the chief objectives of the
chapter this year is to improve the
quality of the livestock in the com-
munity. Each boy that has a live-
stock project is improving it by using
pure-bred males. More than 1,500
triple "A" baby chicks have been pur-
chased by the chapter cooperatively
and more will be purchased this
month. Seven registered gilts and
boars have been .bought by members.
These will be used as foundation
stock to improve the quality of live-
stock in the county.
Through the cooperation of the
Withlacoochee Resettlement Project.
the chapter has acquired 10 acres of
land to be used as a forestry project.
Good and poor methods of forestry
are to be demonstrated on this plot.
Already the chapter has set 3,300
slash and long leaf pine seedlings on
this plot.
The school does not own land for
the agriculture department to use as
a land laboratory plot, so the chap-
ter has rented 8 acres of land at the
edge of town for experimental pur-
poses. All experiments are paid for
out of the chapter treasury. The land
is to be planted in 5 acres of Sea

Island cotton and 3 acres of corn. A
fertilizer test will be conducted with
the cotton. The 5 acres will be laid
off into plots and tests will be con-
ducted on the amount to use, kind
and method of application. Home
mixed and factory mixed fertilizer
will be used.
The quality of corn grown in Her-
nando county is poor, so the chapter
plans to buy a purebred prolific vari-
ety and furnish high yielding, weevil
resistant seed corn to the farmers. By
selling the products, the chapter
should realize good profits from the
A trip to Washington, D. C. is be-
ing planned for this summer and a
special bank account for this trip has
been opened. Money is being deposit-
ed by the chapter and the boys each


A farm home without trees, shrub-
bery, a lawn, and flowers-like a
picture without a frame-is forlorn
and abandoned to a friendless atmos-
phere. It sticks out of the landscape
like a sore thumb, when it could so
easily be "tied to the ground" and
made to be a part of a perfect ar-
rangement pleasing to tile eye and
more satisfactory from many stand-
The farm home and the farm busi-
ness are closely related, and the suc-
cess of the business side of the opera-
tion is reflected in the home. All too
often, however, more attention is paid
to the barns, where the animals are
housed, than to the house, where the

people live. Through the efforts of
home demonstration agents and oth-
ers, however, this condition is rapidly
changing, and more attractive and
convenient farm homes are being
built in Florida by the score.
These agents recommend definite
plans for roads and walks; the home
vegetable, fruit, and flower gardens;
lawns and ornamental shrubs and
trees. All are necessary parts which
may be united into a pleasing, home-
like atmosphere, with trees not only
used as windbreaks but as a frame or
background for buildings. They may
screen, or hide, unsightly structures
about the home which are not pleas-
ing to the eye.
Shrubs are needed to partially ob-
scure foundation lines and knit build-
ings to their surroundings, define
boundaries, and screen unsightly ob-
jects. Lawns should be spacious and
pleasing, but not so large as to make
their care burdensome.
In carrying out a lawn, shrub, and
tree planting program, only native
plants and those known to thrive in
a locality should he used. There is
a wealth of material available for use
in all parts of Forida, and the find-
ing of adapted shrubs, trees and
grasses is an easy task.
Farm families can obtain valuable
assistance in beautifying their homes
and farmsteads by applying to their
county home demonstration agents or
to the State Home Demonstration De-
partment in Tallahassee. The State
Agricultural Extension Service in
Gainesville has bulletins which con-
tain helpful suggestions and plans for
foundation plantings, lawns, and so
on. These are sent free to Florida
residents on request, and will be
found quite worth while.
Florida is a land of beauty and de-
serves a larger number of attractive
farm homes. Now is a good time to
plant trees and shrubs, particularly
deciduous kinds. Lawns can be start-
ed at almost any time, but preferably
in the spring and summer months.

Hernando Chapter, F. F. A., Brook sville, is the largest in the State.

April, 1937


Game Possibilities in Florida
By JAMES W. MILLER, JR., Grad. Asst. in Forestry

T'ntil a few years ago, it had been
characteristic of tie American people
not to be deeply concerned with the
conservation four natural resources
until some danger fronl extinction or
serious damage had beell done. A
good example of this is our present
floods because of lands being denuded.
Nature had a Ialance among her
children. hoth plants and animals.
until the white ilan came. The In-
dian knew and respected these nat-
ural laws of existence. I have spent
a great deal of time anong the Cher-
okee Indians of western North Caro-
linm, and have never seen one kill
more game than was needed for food
regardless of the opportunities that
were afforded him.
During this last hunting season
here in Florida: I happened to meet
one individual who told mne the hunt-
ing was unusually good this year. He
had just killed 34 quail that after-
noon. According to him. the game
warden was a good friend of his.
One major objection with our pres-
ent system of government is not in
making our laws. but the lack of en-
forcement. We would have much
more game if we had fewer and more
rigid laws. Laws for the protection
of our wild life look swell to the av-
erage individual when he or she reads
them in our magazines and newspa-
pers. But how many of these laws
are thoroughly enforced?
One afternoon a few years ago. I
was strolling along the banks of the
Pee Dee River in Stanly County. N.
C., shortly after the trout season

closed. Over the distance of two
miles. I counted 14 persons catching
these fish illegally. Two men, one a
prominent business manl in the coun-
ty, were preparing to set a fish trap
near the mouth of a creek.
A little farther down the river I
almost stumbled over a sleeping per-
son who was lying slouched against
a log. It was tie "worthy" game
warden with tobacco juice dripping
out of one corner of his mouth.
As soon as he was thoroughly
awake. I asked him why he did not
stop these thieves, especially the two
with the fish trap. No. that would
never do. One of those nmen was his
wife's cousin and that would cause
hard feeling in the family.
When a game thief is brought be-
fore the court his sentence or fine is
usually made too light. I have heard
of a person being fined $5.00 for il-
legally killing fish with dynamite.
Fish that belonged to the public. you
and me. While a poor negro who
stole one chicken, from just one in-
dividual. was given six months on
the state roads.
The first thing necessary in tihe
production of game is thorough en-
forcement of our existing game laws.
This can he brought about through
publicity and the education of our
young people in the public schools.
As soon as the individuals of our
State realize that a glae poacher is
stealing from each and everyone of
them. something will be done immue-

Front row fronm left to right. president, M rron C-rennwell. Homestead: Vice-1'Prsi-
dent, Oscar Watson. Jay: Secretary. ('harles Nowlin. <(onzalez (Tato '1hapi)t1r) ; Treas-
urer, Marion Bisholp, Aicilln. Back row from leftt to right, Executive (')Coiilttee. Wil-
liam Miner. Chairman. Apop)kn1; I). i. Flowers, ILargo: Glenn Steko'l., Miami (Jh.oli 1
Butts Chapter) : Reporter. John R. .lonis, Itr., Saniford (Seninole chapterr) : and Adviser,
.1. F. Williams, Jr., Tallahassee.

There are no reasons why Florida
should not be one of the best game
states in the Union. Many of our
present game states must provide
food for their game during winter
months. Only last year, countless
numbers of deer, rabbit, squirrel and
wild turkey died from starvation. In
Florida, food for these animals would
be plentiful if its lands were not
This brings up another major fac-
tor in game production, that of fire.
Fire probably is the controlling fac-
tor of game production in Florida:
because if fire were kept out of our
forest lands. game would replace it-
self naturally. After one big fire
here in Florida. I came across 11 deer
that had been burned to death. I
also found 19 quail that had been
overcome by the smoke and dropped
into the flames and perished.
There are many acres of the tax-
delinquent lanul in the state that are
now sub-marginal. Why should not
the state take over these lands for
growing of timber and game produc-
tion? (Game reserves could be made
with hunting areas around their boun-
daries. Nominal fees could be
charged to those who desired to hunt
on these state-owned areas. Expenses
for administration could be obtained
from timber sales and leases.
Then, too. there is recreation.
camping g grounds could be made on
these areas so that nature-loving pleo-
ple could see, study and enjoy our
wild life in its natural haunts. These
areas could le used free of charge by
the citizens of Florida.


U. S. D. A.. Washington. D. C.
F. B. 1594F. Preparation of bunch-
ed beets, carrots lnd turnips for
F. B. 1753F. Live stock for small
Florida State Dept. of Agriculture,
Bureau of Immigration, Tallahas-
see. Florida.
Quarterly Bulletins.
Plant :ests and plant diseases.
Agriculture and related subjects.
Large sectional ilap.
Latitude lnap.
Historical ainlp.
Supplementary Bulletins.
Information on the New Agriculture
Adjustment Act.
Fundamentals of Co-operation.
No. 2 Soils and Fertilizers.
No. 15 Waterways in Florida.
No. iS Forage and pasture crops.
College of Agriculture Experiment
Station. Gainesville. Florida.
Experiment Station Bulletins.
Bull. 303 ('old Storage studies of
Florida citrus fruits.
Bull. 280 The tung-oil tree.
Bull. 209 Lawns in Florida.
Press Bulletins.
481 Bark disease of Tahiti lime and
Perrine lemon.
Extension Service Bulletins.
SO Screwwormns in Florida.

April, 1937


Compliments of

Wrigley's Art

Engraving Company

Jacksonville, Florida

Originators and exclusive producers of Foto-Craft
Plates, the Engraving Department of the Tampa Daily
Times is your most dependable source of supply for
all types of photo-engravings.

Tampa Daily Times


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complete plants in the Southeast

Printers Publishers Bookbinders Rulers

April, 1937



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Have been making better crops for the Flor-
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They are known for their value-not because
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We make Better Quality Brands as good as
scientific research, good materials, and care-
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You will be pleased with them. Ask any
user. If there is no agent in your communi-
ty, write us.

Trueman Fertilizer Company
Jacksonville, Florida



2903 College
Jacksonville Florida



April, 1937


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