Florida College Farmer
Published by Agricultural Students at the University of F
SE C I A L FOREST Y ISSUE
Page 2 THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER February, 1937
A Dependable Method 01
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-Ever bearing in mind the fact that the wel-
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THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
February, 1937THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER Page 3
SPECIAL FORESTRY NUMBER
The 1936-37 staff of the FLORIDA COLLEGE
FARMER appreciates very much the opportunity
of devoting this present edition of the magazine to
the subject of Forestry. This issue has been edited
by the Forestry Club of the College of Agriculture,
University of Florida. To its Editor, Frank Rich,
and to his staff members, we extend congratulations
for their initiative in preparing the enclosed ma-
terial and commendation for their interest in the
whole field of forestry.
The efforts of this special staff are intended to
help carry out the work which the Florida For-
estry Association seeks to accomplish. They aim
first at public education regarding the value of Flor-
ida forests to every person in the state. Out of this
education and the understanding which will follow,
it is hoped that other, more specific, purposes will
be achieved. Among these definite ends toward
which the work of the University of Florida Forestry
Club is directed is a system of adequate forest fire
protection; reforestation of areas denuded by fire
and the improvidence of man; sound remedial for-
est legislation and forest land taxation measures that
will allow owners to grow timber; and the wide
establishment of state forests and parks as game
refuges and public recreational centers.
When we consider the many earnest and enthus-
iastic workers who have prepared material for the
publication you hold in your hand, and the inherent
worth of the program they are trying to realize, it
is easy for us to be convinced of their ultimate
The FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER has a feel-
ing of pride because it has been of service in the
furthering of their work.
-W. W. B.
"I AM THE FARMER"
I am the provider for all mankind-upon me every
human being constantly depends. A world itself
is builded upon my toil, my products, my honesty.
Because of my industry, America, my country,
leads the world. Her prosperity is maintained by
me; her great commerce is the work of my good
hand; her balance of trade springs from the furrows
of my farm.
My reaper brings food for today; my plow holds
promise for tomorrow.
In war I am absolute; in peace I am indispensable
-my country's surest defense and constant reliance.
I am the very soul of America, the hope of a race,
the balance-wheel of civilization.
When I prosper, men are happy; when I fail,
all the world suffers.
I live with Nature, walk in the green fields under
the golden sunlight, out in the great alone where
brain and brawn and toil supply mankind's pri-
mary need. And I try to do my humble part to
carry out the great plan of God.
Even the birds are my companions; they greet
me with a symphony at the new day's dawn and
chum with me 'til evening prayer is said.
If it were not for me the treasures of the earth
would remain securely locked, the granaries would
be useless frames; man himself would be doomed
speedily to extinction or decay.
Through me is produced the energy that main-
tains the spark of life.
I rise with the early dawn and retire when the
"chores" of the world are done.
I am your friend.
I am the farmer.
-James P. McDonald.
The picture on the cover page of this issue is
of Dr. Austin Cary, who was one of the foremost
foresters in America. This picture was taken of Dr.
Cary in a native setting of Florida's many beauti-
ful pines. The picture is very typical of this out-
standing forester, who preferred the great outdoors
and the fellowship of other men in his profession
to all the riches one might acquire otherwise.
As though some unseen phantom had snatched him
from the world of living men, Dr. Cary dropped
dead on the campus of the University of Florida,
April 28, 1936. He was on a visit to the Forestry
Club of the University at the time.
-W. W. B.
The Florida College Farmer
Published by representatives of Student Organizations
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
WILMER W. BASSETT, JR., '37 Editor
CLYDE DRIGGERS, '38 ..................................... .Associate Editor
ARTHUR M. McNEELY, '37 ........................Business Manager
HENRY C. LUNSFORD, '38 .......................Circulation Manager
FRANK H. RICH, '38 Managing Editor
ED WEISSINGER, '40 ................ Copy Editor
WAYNE DEAN, '38 Ag. College
DONALDSON CURTIS, '40 ................. ............................. -H Club
W. E. BISHOP, '37 .............Future Farmers
MAx BRUNK, '38 Alumni News
WAYNE VALENTINE, '38 Agronomy
CHAS. CLYMORE, '38 ...............................................Ag. Economics
ORRIS EVERs, '38 ..........................Horticulture
JULIET CARRINGTON, '38 Entomology
R. T. NEUMANN, '38 Forestry
MOSELEY HENRY, '38 Ag. Engineering
SIDNEY MARSHALL, '37 .. ..... ...............Animal Husbandry
CHARLES JAMISON, '40 ............ ...............Poultry Husbandry
FACULTY ADVISORY COMMITTEE
H. H. HUME, Chairman
C. H. WILLOUHBY J. FRANCIS COOPER
PUBLISHED FOUR TIMES DURING THE SCHOOL YEAR
Subscription Fifty Cents
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Page 4 THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER February, 1937
FOR 60 YEARS ..
The Barnett National Bank of Jackson-
ville, established May 7, 1877, has,
throughout its sixty years' existence,
maintained a friendly interest in the
agricultural development of Florida.
We contribute this space not because
we anticipate immediate returns, but be-
cause of our interest in the agricultural
students. Their efforts now and their
thoughts which will be contributed to
this important work in the future mean
much to the State of Florida.
THE BARNETT NATIONAL BANK
of Jacksonville, Florida
Oldest national bank in Florida
Member of F.D.I.C.
MILLER MACHINERY AND SUPPLY COMPANY
Exclusive distributors for CHERRY BURRELL CORPORATION,
manufacturers of all kinds of machinery for dairies, milk plants and ice
STEAM BOILERS FOR EVERY PURPOSE
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
The Florida College Farmer
Published by Agricultural Students at the University of Florida
VOL. V FEBRUARY, 1937 NO. 2
The Austin Cary Memorial
By H. S. NEWINS
Professor of Forestry
Dr. Austin Cary, who was one of
che foremost foresters in America,
dropped dead on the campus April
28, 1936, while on a mission 'of
comradeship to the Forestry Club of
the University. On the previous day
he had presented to the club copies
of all of his printed publications and
he had just arrived on the next day
when he was suddenly stricken.
Members of the Forestry Club have
been deeply affected by the loss of
Dr. Cary because they had learned to
love and revere him for his personal
interest and his modesty in the suc-
cess of his professional achievements.
Only three days prior to his death,
Dr. Cary lectured to a class of for-
estry students who had met him by
appointment at the "Powcll Tract"
near Starke, Florida. where he re-
vealed his skill not only as an expert
woodsman, but as a teacher of wood-
He made many object lessons of
comparable height growth and diam-
eter growth of the longleaf and slash
pines, of factors, of site, of resistance
and susceptibility of the different
species of pine to fire, and of all the
professional details such as technical
foresters like to harangue over.
After lunch Dr. Cary gathered the
boys about him like tile proverbial
teacher who taught from one end of
a log with the student on the other
end, and there he reminisced and inci-
dentally reviewed his life time. He
told of the beginning of his forestry
career 50 years ago:-how he was
assigned to the northwoods of New
England, and of the Lake States,
where he surveyed and estimated large
areas of spruce and white pine tim-
ber and how he scaled the logs in
sub-zero weather, but he smacked
"darn't, I liked it!" Succeeding these
activities he was called in to lecture
before the great Universities of Har-
vard and of Yale to give the students
of forestry the benefit of his ex-
periences and later became the Super-
intendent of Forests for the empire
state of New York.
He told them then of the great need
in forestry for a better understanding
of engineering and surveying which
are so basic in forestry field work
and how he wrote his book "Wood-
man's Manual" to help fill this need.
As he walked over to one of the trees
in his experimental plot, where the
boys were assembled, he related how
he had obtained the idea from France
during his travels abroad, of using
this particular method of "standards"
among the crop of turpentine trees
in an American forest. Dr. Cary gave
then to the students words of much
wisdom relative to the European
forest methods as contrasted to the
He was fired and animated with
the opportunities of forestry in the
South. "Boys," he remarked, "back
in 1915 many of the timber and naval
stores operators of the South were
through and could not see anything
ahead but bankruptcy and so they
'pulled stakes' for elsewhere but saw
later that the inevitable 'cut throat'
competition of the overproductive in-
dustry of the Northwest at that time
was disastrous to them. Now, look
about in the South and see the re-
splendent reproduction which has fol-
lowed the original cuttings in this
region and which is a real heritage
to those operators who remained at
Dr. Cary was a Fellow in the So-
ciety of American Foresters to which
honor he was elected in 1924. This
Society how has more than 3.000 mem-
bers and has never, as yet, had more
than 12 Fellows, and so one can
easily see the esteem in which he was
His estate very kindly donated to
the University the "Austin Cary set
of Notes" which incorporate all of
his writings and notes dealing with
forestry in the South since he settled
his home here in 1918 when he was
the Logging Engineer of the United
States Forest Service. He was retired
from active duty in the Government
Service in 1934 and then continued
his work in a consulting capacity and
among those foresters and woodsmen
whom he had learned to love so much
and to whom he was endeared.
President J. J. Tigert advised the
Forestry Club recently that at the
November 1936 meeting of the Board
of Control, they had approved the rec-
ommendation that the tract of land
recently acquired for the use of the
Forestry Department be named the
Austin Cary Memorial Forest in rec-
ognition of the interest that Dr. Austin
('Cary displayed in the establishment
of the Forestry Department of the
University of Florida.
At the December 1936 meeting of
the Society of American Foresters at
Portland. Oregon, that national group
voted to erect on behalf of the entire
Society and the friends of Dr. Cary.
a memorial at the Austin 'ary Forest
of the University of Florida. This
will consist of stone entrance portals
to the forest and perhaps a memorial
The demonstration forest consists
of 1519 acres located to the South-
east of and along State Highway No.
13, between Fairbanks and Waldo, and
about 9 miles from the University
campus. The acquisition of this for-
est by the University was made pos-
sible through the courtesy of the Flor-
ida Forest Service and the develop-
ment of the tract was followed through
the good efforts of the Works Pro-
gress Administration in the Jackson-
ville. Florida, office. Forest fire lines
have been completed entirely encircl-
ing the tract and will be developed
from time to time within the tract
until there will be established suf-
ficient fire protection to assure the
University of the safety of the forest
in this regard. The University has
also enjoyed the cooperation of many
operators and manufacturers within
the South who have loaned their ser-
vices and equipment for purposes of
demonstration within the forest. In
this manner, the Department of For-
estry has been enabled to make much
progress in the development of the
tract in spite of the lack of funds
to lie used for this purpose.
Utilization of the Forest
One of the interesting experiments
to be conducted in connection with
tihe requirements of the tract is that
of then post exhibit. Thie entire
tract will be fenced and that portion
along the highway will exhibit the use
of various preservatives for prolong-
ing the life of the wood. These will
include creosotes and various salts
which have been used for this pur-
pose and in between the test posts
of the fence there will be located
checlk samples of stubs representing
untreated woods, which, as they de-
teriorate. will require no replacements
because they will not he attached to
the fence. Also within the forest
there will be an exhibit of the elec-
tric fence where single and double
wires are charged with electricity.
The grazing to be carried on with-
in the forest will be under the super-
vision of the Agricultural Experiment
Station and will include tests of
various grasses, such as carpet grass,
which are so desirable to be consid-
ered within the forest.
Demonstrations are now being car-
ried on within the forest as to the
best methods and application of the
naval stores industry, but there are
no new faces to be streaked this year.
There are a number of second, third
and fourth year faces which are now.
under experimentation for the produc-
tion of gum.
Some areas Within the forest have
been set aside for the production 'of
poles and products of timber size.
Also the forest is 'to be used for
(Continued on Page 14)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Florida Forests and Recreation
By GEORGE W. SMOAK, '38
We are more and more realizing
the need for recreation. The motor
car is possibly the most important
factor in the recent rapid growth of
outdoor recreation. With modern
methods of production it is inevit-
able that the average American work-
er is going to have increased leisure
on his hands. More and more this
leisure will tend to find its outlet
in the use of those areas and activi-
ties which call for a fairly low ex-
penditure of money and many will
turn naturally to the forests and
The trend toward the recognition
of the value of outdoor recreation
for all people has resulted in the
creation of municipal, county, state
and national parks and the use of
state and national forests for rec-
Florida, with her $200,000,000 tour-
ist trade, should be a leader in the
development of her recreational re-
sources. It is not to be supposed that
all the tourists come to our State to
visit the beaches. The protection of
forests for their scenic importance
will be of great economical value. It
pays to conserve the natural beauty
of the countryside. Each community
has its spots of natural beauty which
should be preserved. People
are attracted to beautiful
sections of the state for
visits, or to establish homes.
They avoid regions that have Sweet
been defaced by the destruc- Strong
tion of their spots of natur- Of wa
Much work has been done Stride
by various public and private It seen
agencies in Florida to pre- On ear
serve and make available to
everyone areas having bo- In roll
tanical historical, scenic and To giv
State Parks A fore
Under the supervision of Have m
the Board of Forestry, the
Florida Park Service was That d
organized in 1934. Despite Delaye
its infancy, this service had
done much in preserving Yet eac
areas of natural beauty; at
present there are seven state Which
parks and several more sites
are under consideration. And as
Camping and picnicking fa- Resume
cilities are, provided at all
these parks. E
Located between Sarasota
and Arcadia is the Myakka Judged
River State Park. It is one
of the finest scenic spots in Bright
Florida and under protection Each w
has been noted for the large
number and variety of water- Of love
fowl and birdlife which now
frequent it. The jo3
On the beautiful Hills- Of cho]
borough River is found the
Hillsborough River State A forces
Park with its abundance of
unusual subtropical growth.
The outstanding feature of the Gold
Head State Park near Keystone
Heights is a deep ravine in which are
growing hardwoods not found in sur-
Near River Junction is the Torreya
State Park. This site was selected
due to its unusual botanical interest,
topography, and historical value. It
is restricted to an area only 20 miles
long and four miles wide on the
east side of the Apalachicola River.
Interesting and historical old Fort
Clinch near Fernandina was about
to be dismantled and salvaged before
the citizens intervened and the Fort
Clinch State Park was established.
To lovers of undefiled nature the
Highlands hammock State Park near
Sebring offers a great variety of at-
tractions. A vast number of semi-
tropical palms and other forms of
plant life are found here. Deer,
alligators and other wild life will be
found throughout the park. Over
winding paths, beneath the stately
palms and gnarled oaks the visitor
is transported while only a few min-
utes from civilization, to the heart
of the deepest jungles.
"Way down upon the Suwanee
River"-the atmosphere of this fam-
TO A FOREST
is a singing forest; sweet the clean
-shafted tree-forms, like a marching ba
rriors, who with banners in their hand
gladly forward to a new demesne.
ns to me that there cannot be seen
th a sight more fair. Tall trees that
ing height above the passive land
e the world a sheltering roof of green.
st loves cool shadows. Often I
talked for hours under growth so dense
ryads in entrancing diffidence
d their silver songs as I passed by.
h one watched me warmly with an eye
showed that I had given no offense
I quickly turned and hurried thence
d their singing, wild and swift and hig
ree is nobly beautiful and free
in itself alone. Each flinging one
living column at the glowing sun.
ith its brothers finds a new degree
lines A tree has never known
Sa forest knows; it is a run
rds upon an organ-quickly done:
t is a Wagner symphony.
ous song is found while visiting the
Suwannee River State 1'ark. This
area will be preserved in all its na-
tural beauty. One leaves this park
with a feeling of wonder after hav-
ing viewed the majestic splendor and
beauty of undefiled nature.
Various government agencies have
been very active in Florida in de-
veloping recreational facilities. The
two outstanding federal projects in
Florida are the proposed Everglades
National Park and the Ocala Nation-
In the Everglades National Park
area are found conditions that are to
be found no other place in the world.
In developing this area the govern-
ment will preserve and make avail-
able for public use the beauties of
this unrivaled part of Florida.
National Forest recreation includes
the activities of the whole mass of
people who use the National Forests
for recreational purposes, ranging
from mere amusement or diversion,
to the acquiring of educations, in-
spirational and spiritual values. The
Ocala National Forest is
ideally suited for all kinds
of recreation. This forest is
on a high rolling sand hill
plateau containing several
nd hundred clear lakes teeming
with black bass: the cover
is very dense, sand pine
and oak, ideal for game pro-
tection. There are numerous
stand clear springs throughout the
forest. Juniper, Springs has
been developed for public use.
The federal game and bird
refuges serve the recreation-
al desires of many people.
There are hundreds of peo-
ple who get the greatest of
enjoyment by merely observ-
ing wild animals and birds.
Private initiative has done
much toward developing na-
tural recreational spots. Out-
standing among these are the
,h cypress gardens near Winter
S Haven and the McKee Jungle
Gardens near Vero Beach.
These and similar develop-
ments can't be praised too
much. It is hoped that many
more will be developed in the
We see that Florida has
outstanding natural recrea-
tional facilities. These should
be preserved and made avail-
able to the public. With the
development of this resource
our state will profit in many
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Shade Tree Conference
Creates Much Interest
Municipal park officials, garden
club members, and foresters from all
sections of the state attended the first
Florida Shade Tree Conference that
was held at the University of Florida
College of Agriculture on February
18 and 19.
Municipal parks and trees, and
privately-owned and National forests
of Florida were stressed at the con-
ference, which was held under the
auspices of the Department of For-
estry in the College of Agriculture.
The program included illustrated lec-
tures, addresses by some of the lead-
ing state and national authorities on
forests and parks, round table discus-
sions, and a tour of forest lands in
this section, including the Austin Cary
"The purpose of the conference was
to impress upon everyone the beauty
and value of our trees so they may
work for their conservation, improve-
ment, and proper utilization," said
Harold Newins, head of the depart-
ment of forestry and chairman of
arrangements for the event.
Cooperating with the department of
forestry in holding the conference
were the United States Forest Ser-
vice, the Florida Forest Service, the
National Shade Tree Conference, the
Florida Federation of Garden Clubs.
the Gainesville Garden Club, the Flor-
ida State Board of Forestry, the Flor-
ida Forestry Association, and the
Gainesville Junior Chamber of Com-
Prominent among the speakers at
the conference were W. H. Reinsmith,
of the Atlanta regional office of the
United States Forest Service, who
laid out plans for the beautiful
Juniper Springs development in Ocala
National Forest and who is well known
as a leader in his profession.
J. J. Levison, one-time New York
City forester and now a nationally-
known consulting landscape forester
with offices in Sea Cliff, N. Y., dis-
cussed landscape forestry.
Frank Albert, supervisor of Nation-
al forests in Florida, described the
National forests of this state.
"Lightning and Trees' was the
subject of an address by Robert
Thompson, forester in the National
Parks Service of the Department of
Interior. Mr. Thompson, whose head-
quarters are in Washington, was one
of the principal speakers at the last
National Shade Tree Conference.
H. Harold Hume, assistant direc-
tor of research in the State Experi-
ment Station, discussed the topic of
"Roadside Trees in Florida."
Dr. Wilmon Newell, dean of the
College of Agriculture, delivered an
address of welcome to the visitors.
Others who either spoke or presided
at sessions of the conference were S.
Bryan Jennings, of the Florida State
Board of Forestry, Harry Lee Baker,
Florida State Forester, H. N. Wheeler,
United States Forest Service lecturer,
Mrs. M. M. Parrish, president of the
Florida Federation of Gardens Clubs,
Major W. L. Floyd, assistant dean of
the College of Agriculture, C. H.
Schaefer, director of Florida State
parks, Dr. John T. Creighton, head
of the department of entomology in
the College of Agriculture, Charles E.
Nelson, superintendent of grounds at
the University, and Professor Newins.
Dr. Richard P. White, of New
Brunswick, N. J., secretary-treasurer
of the National Shade Tree Confer-
ence, has expressed warm approval of
the conference and pledged the active
cooperation of the national confer-
ence to the one held here.
TIMBER OWNERS NEED
WHEN MAKING SALES
When you sell timber or stumpage,
put the terms of the sale in writing,
whether the sale be large or small.
This is the caution being issued by
the State Forest Service, which is
frequently asked to render assistance
and advice to both owners and forest
products industries involved in legal
disputes over cutting contracts which
do not clearly state conditions.
Much trouble and financial loss have
resulted from failures to put terms of
sale in writing. They point out that
essential conditions to be inserted in
a timber sale contract are: Descrip-
tion and location of the timber; price
and manner of payment; conditions of
cutting and removal; title and means
of settling disputes.
Under conditions of cutting and re-
moval, provisions regarding duration
of the contract, working the timber,
diameter limits, method of scaling,
merchantability, degree of utilization.
and protection against injury are put
The Florida Forest Service will be
glad to furnish sample timber sale
contracts showing important provi-
sions that should be incorporated.
They point out that no single form
of contract will fit all cases, but that
the sample form can be adapted to
different conditions. To obtain the
sample, simply address Florida For-
est Service, Tallahassee, Fla.
Shade Trees In Florida
By GARNETT HICKMAN, '39
We of America should know a per-
petual feeling of pride in our beauti-
ful shade trees. Very few people truly
understand the significance of trees,
or how much they mean to us. The
stately elms of New England, the buck-
eyes and maples of New York and
the Middle West, and the stately oaks
of the Old South have a great part
to play in lessening the glare of the
hot sun, in cleaning the air of dust,
and causing a lowering of tempera-
ture by the rapid evaporation of mois-
ture. It is a known fact that our
winter visitors here in the South
visit us with their imaginations well
filled by ideas of the patrician oaks
and magnolias they will find; trees
festooned with streaming Spanish
The importance of our shade trees
may be brought closer to home when
we think of licensed and unlicensed
individuals or organizations that are
offering competent service as com-
mercial tree workers. We might point
with a great deal of pride to the funds
that were made available through the
W.P.A. for the eradication of the
Dutch elm disease that was playing
such havoc with the beautiful elms
of the North.
All over the United States there
has recently been a widespread activi.
ty in organizing garden clubs. These
clubs have been instrumental in caus-
ing the people to sense the importance
of the use of native trees as orna-
mental subjects and shade trees. The
clubs have sponsored Arbor Day pro-
grams, have fostered legislation for
parks, forests, and roadside beautifi-
cation. They have been a means for
focusing the attention of education
authorities on the importance of teach-
ing forest and tree conservation.
It was 300 years ago that the town
of Boston passed an ordinance which,
in its quaint wording, provided against
the trees planted in that settlement
from being "spoiled". Those who
have had the good fortune of visit-
ing Athens, Georgia, perhaps still
have memories of the beautiful "oak
that owns itself". Let us hope that
in the future there will be more legis-
lation passed corresponding with that
of our wise and worthy "Boston Fore-
fathers" and that many other trees
shall receive the care and attention
that is given their brother in Athens.
SINGLE & DOUBLE BIT
FOR THE LAST
ALL KINDS OF
CHAIN HOOKS, SWIVELS
COLD SHUTS & EVERY TOOL
KNOWN FOR LOGGING. ALSO
PULASKI MULTI-USE TOOLS
WARREN AXE AND TOOL CO., Warren, Pa.
Page 8 THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER February, 1937
Interesting Campus News Notes
O. \W. Struthers, student inl tile
College of Agriculture at the Uni-
versity of Florida, was recently chosen
as winner of a trip offered by Swift
& Company to the International Live-
stock Exposition in ('hicago, for (out-
standing work done in Animal llus-
Following is a brief account of his
trip, given by himself:
Leaving the University November
27th, 1 met the Florida 4-11 c(lu detle-
gation at Jacksonville. Together, the
11 of us rode the Pullmanl to Chi'ago.
We arrived in Chicago early Sunday?
morning and lanly of us saw snow
for the first time. We spent six days
in Chicago visiting the Livestock Show-.
mleat packing plants, Field Muselum
of Natural History, International
Harvester plant, and many other
places of interest.
At the Livestock Show this year
there were 14,623 animals shown in
the individual classes. In carrots there
were also 6,255 fat calttle. 1.900 sheep
and 1,250( hogs. There were also 550
animals it tile junior feeding contest.
Thirty states and three provinces
were represented in tile Livestock
Sihow\ and 37 states and 5 provinces
and Australia were represented ini the
(rain and Hlog show, which is a part
of tihe International. Fourty-four
states and Canada were represented int
the 4-H Club Congress, held in (hica-
go in conjunction with the Livestock
A visit to Swift & Company's ineat
lacking plant proved very interest-
ing and educational. Here we saw
pigs, beef. and sheep slaughtered.
dressed, cut and prepared for market.
We saw sausage made, meats smoked
and meats canned. The most astonish-
ing feature noticed on this visit was
1he rapidity, skill, and cleanliness with
which all of the work is done.
After seeing all of these good
animals at the Livestock Show it is
very apparent to tme that good lootl
is the fundamental of livestock breed-
ing. It is necessary to have good
blood in the herd if quality mleat is
to be produced. It takes good blood
to produce good roasts and steaks.
and the public demand today is for
high quality cuts of beef. Florida
must improve and is improving, its
beef to meet the demands. A visit
to the International makes one hope
tlhe day is not distant when Florid:
livestock will be able to compete with
that livestock exhibited there.
Leaving Chicago oni Friday, Deciem-
her 4, we arrived in Jacksonville ill
tile morning of December 6. This
ended the eventful nine-day trip. but
tlhe memories and benefits derived
front this trip will be everlasting.
For this wonderful trip and oppor-
tunity. I sincerely thank Swift and
0. W. STRUTHERS, '3S
Missionary Tells of
Silentific agriculture is an effective
means of not only illlproving the so-
cial and economllic life of the people
iof lIurmlIa but it is also effective in
teaching them thle Christian religion.
T'llis fact was brought out Iy Bray-
ton Case. farmerr missionary" to
iturmlna, in an address to students in
the University of Florida College Iof
Agriculture at a recent date. Mr..
Case, a native of lBulllra, is tile soil
of Anerican parents and is anll Anmer-
lean citizen. He is now on leave in
this countryy from his Imission duties.
"The first thought of most of the
Ipeolle of Buria, when one asks them
if lie can help tlhell il any way, is
food. '(Give me something to till my
stonma(ch. is the reply of the native
when he is asked this question. I'ov-
rty. not enough food, is responsible
for many of the cases of thievery
and murder that are committed there,"
Mr. Case said.
iBurmllese, lie explained, keep their
livestock, grains, and other food and
possessions in their tiny shacks and
are prepared to defend then at all
times, day or night, front thieves. The
fight for onle's Ipossessions and life in
certain sections of lBur1llal is so intense
that the people often carry swords
and large clubs around with tlheml all
He contrasted the scientific method;t
of American agriculture with the
back-breaking labor ill the rice fields
in Burnn. Thle missionary also con-
trasted the small yields obtained by
the Burmlese fariler with the rear
0. W. Struthers Visits
yields resulting from scientific farm-
ing ill Anlerica and other countries.
Mr. Case also painted a striking pic-
ture of the manner in which the
ignorant fariners of Burlna are vic-
timized by hlie loan sharks in that
country, pointing out that often they
have to pay 100 per-cent interest on
loans they obtain.
Poverty caused by acquisition of
lands because of non-paynlent of
enornimos interest on loans, profiteer-
ing by traders, and backward methods
of farming were important facttors in
the rebellion of lrmniese frmiers, he
In providing tile Burinese with in-
forlmation oni improved methods of
agriculture, thereby enabling them
to become self-supportinig, tie agri-
cultural missionary improves the so-
cial and economllic life of those people
and also finds it easier to teach them
the precepts of the Christian religion.
.Mr. Case explained. He intimated that
ai hungry Burmese thinks of his
stomach first and after this has been
satisfied he is more open to religious
The missionary gave some interest-
ing information on the land labor
ill tle rice fields of Burnim. the 1pagian
beliefs of many Burinmans, and the
economlliic condition of these people.
Examples were tile hits of tlle natives
which were valued alt approximately
five dollars and the one-cent family
iMr. Case, born lalf-wiay between
Rangoon and Mandalay. camle to
America at te ae g of 12 and studied
at Columbia university. lie has spent
niny yea I's along ite people of
B31rnla, and for coispicu'ous agricul-
t lral servi e ill1 Brl li e iwas dec-
orated with the Knisar-i-IIind nied:l
by the King-Enmeror of Bu11nma, the
late King George V.
Saplings Used In
Buying a wagonload of green
saplings from a neighboring farrier
is almost as routine to purchasing
agents of some steel colmlpllnies as
buying half a million tolls of iron ore.
During 1936 about 20,1000 green
saplings were consumed by tihe steel
industry, it is estimated by the Ameri-
can Iron and Steel Institute. They
were used to ''pole" or stir molten
open-hearth and Bessemler steel in
order to redutcei the amount of car-
boin present in the steel.
The saplings used are from 16 to
20 feet long. and from three to four
inches in dianlmeter at thle ,butt end.
Ehl. ash. oak and hickory saplings
are lost generally used.
Stirring the molten steel with green
saplings produces a violent boiling
or agitation in the steel as tle carbon
in the sapling and the oxygen ill the
metal react chemically. This agita-
tioln iixes the steel thoroughly with
the layer of molten limestone or slag
floating on top of the steel, and the
excess carbon is absorbed in the slag.
February, 1937 THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER Page 9
Chinese Student Works
On Doctor's Thesis at
University of Florida
The latest foreign representative in
the student body of the University
of Florida College of Agriculture is
He is Cheong Yin Wong and his
home is in Canton. Receiving his
bachelor's degree at Sun Yat Sen Uni-
versity, which is named after the
great Chinese hero, he did some grad-
uate work at Lingan University,
which is also located in Canton. and
then came to America to study. He
was awarded the master of science
degree at Oregon State College and
then studied for a while at the Uni-
versity of California at Los Angeles.
Now working for his doctor of
philosophy degree front Michigan
state College, he matriculated in the
University of Florida College of Agrl-
culture to obtain material for his
doctors thesis. He selected Florida
for his work because he felt that this
state and institution would afford him
the best material and opportunity for
study for his thesis, which will deal
with problems pertaining to tropical
lHe will do his work here under their
direction of Professor (harles Abbott.
head of the department of horticul-
ture in the College.
TALK PULP, NAVAL STORES
A visit to the pulp and paper lab-
oratory of Dr. Chas. iH. Herty was
one of the highlights of tIle annual
meeting of the Southeastern Section,
American Society of Foresters, in Sa-
vannah. Georgia. January 16. Pro-
fessor Harold S. Newins, head of thi'
department of forestry in the Uni-
versity of Florida College of Agricul-
ture, is chairman of the section and
Sone 200 foresters from all parts
of the Southeast attended and anmonu
those were representatives of naval
stores, lumber, and paper and pulp1
In addition to chairman Newins.
officers of the Southeastern Section
are W. M. Oetmneier of Fargo. Geor-
gia. vice-chairman: and ('. outerte.
of the Florida Ftorest Stervice. se,-
Frazier and Miller In
The Forestry departmentt of the
college e of Agriculture offers two
teaching fellowships for the first time
this year. These fellowships are being
filled by J. W. Miller and P. VW.
Mr. Miller graduated from till
North Carolina State (College. receiv-
ing his B. S. degree in forestry inl
1935. During his school year Mr.
Miller had charge of the FERA work
on the campus, acted as the canmpu
arborculturist. and also prepared
microscopic wood slides for the For-
estry Departnent Mr. Miller came
to Florida from North ('arolina in
1935 to take a position with the ECW
as a technical forester. Later he
worked at the Florida State Nursery
at Olustee, Florida, until April 1936.
He then was transferred to tile west-
ern part of Florida to do timber type
and topographic work-making tin-
her surveys of Western Florida from
Alabama to DeFuniak Springs. Ini
August 19)3( he accepted one of the
fellowships in the University of Flor-
ida Forestry Department.
Mr. Frazier graduated from the
Virginia Military Institute in 1929,
receiving his B. S. degree. lie then
accepted a job with the American
Steel and Wire Co., in Nashville,
Tennessee, working in the advertis-
ing department. After two years he
went to the Hawaiian Islands to (do
his first forestry work. While here he
worked for the Territorial Forestry
Department. In 1l934 he returned to
the United States to work on his
Masters degree at Yale which lie re-
ceived in 1935). After passing the
Junior Forestry (ivil Service Exami-
intion, lie accepted a job with the
ITnited States Forest Service ill
southern Ohio and Michigan. In Sep-
tember 1936 he cane to the University
Mr. Miller and Mr. Frazier lik.'
their nork at the University aind they
hope to continue work with the For-
Allison Will Head
Soils Research and
Appointment of Dr. It. V. Allison
to head all activities in the fields of
soils and soil conservation of the
College of Agriculture, University of
Florida, by the Board of controll at
its meeting in Tallahassee Januaryy
11 has been announced by Dr. Wil-
Inil Newell, dean of the college.
"There has been evident for some
time," said Dr. Newell, "the need for
ii more perfectly integrated soils pro-
grain for our College of Agriculture
as a whole, as well as for additional
talent in this important lield. It is
important that the teaching. research
iand extension work in soils should lie
fully coordinated in the interest of
efficiency and economy and this result
we confidently expect to attain by
reorganization of this work."
Soil problems are fundamental in
Florida agriculture, and the state hias
a large number of different soil types.
Fuller knowledge of their best adapta-
tion and use is needed. Dr. Newell
I)r. Allison, who holds the degrees
of Bachelor of Science front Purdue
lUniversity and Master of Science and
Doctor of Philosophy from Rutgers
University, was formerly in charge
of the Everglades Experiment Station
at Belle Glade and is well known to
Florida's agricultural leaders. He is
tihe author of many lpaprs dealing
with soil chemistry and soil biology
At present he is in charge for the
IT. S. Soil Conservation Service of its
research work in the Southeastern
States. His appointment by the Board
of controll becomes effective March 1.
Ir. R. W. Ruprecht will continue
as (hemist in the Experiment Sta-
tion and Dr. O. C. Bryan as Professor
of Soils in the Teaching Division. Dr.
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THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
The Largo chapter conducted its
Florida Represented at Na l Matnphase of the fair in cooperation with,
oda Reprented at Natnal Meeting and on the same basis as, the regular
By J. LESTER POUCHER, '40 officials of the fair.
A successful year-a highly com-
mendable milestone in the F. F. A.-
was marked by the recent convention
of Future Farmers of America as-
sembled in Kansas City, Missouri,
held in conjunction with the Ameri-
can Royal Live Stock Show. With a
membership of 117,000, this mass of
American rural youth was represented
by delegates from 47 states and
Greeted cordially by the Kansas City
Chamber of Commerce, the 10.0(00
delegates, contestants, degree-a pl)i-
cants, and visitors present partici-
pated enthusiastically in the four-
day program of the convention. Fea-
tures of the convention were as
follows: a parade through the Areln
of the American Royal led by the
F. F. A. band with F. F. A. banners
waving; a buffet supper with the
Kansas City Chamber of Commerce as
host; the F. F. A.'s as dinner-guests
of Sears, Roebuck Company; a tour
of the city visiting the stockyards,
slaughter houses and packing plants:
the official delegates assembled in
business meetings daily: and lastly.
probably the most important event
was the annual banquet which fea-
tured Dr. J. W. Studebaker, Inited
States Commissioner of Education, as
Plans were made by the official
delegates for the Tenth Anniversary
of the F. F. A. to take place during
the Tenth National Convention to be
held in October of 1937. for which
expenses will be paid from the na-
tional treasury of F. F. A. amounting
to $15,000. Among the prominent
guests and speakers for this occasion
will be President Franklin I). Roose-
STATE POULTRY AND EGG
SHOW IS OUTSTANDING
The second annual State Egg Show
and dressed poultry exhibit held at
the Florida State Fair in Tampa
January 26 to February 6 attracted
a large number of entries, and even
excelled the splendid show of last
year. It was sponsored by the Florida
Poultry Producers Association, with
the cooperation of the State Fair As-
sociation, State Department of Agri-
culture, Extension Service. State
Marketing Bureau. and teachers of
F. W. Risher. poultry and egg
marketing specialist with the State
Marketing Bureau, was in charge of
the show. Prizes were awarded in a
number of classes for poultrymen,
4-H club members and Future
velt and Secretary of Agriculture,
Henry A. Wallace.
During the delegates' official meet-
ing a cablegram bearing felicitations
was received from the Future Farmers
of Greece. Adviser Linke pointed out
that representatives from the follow-
ing countries and territories had been
seeking information in order to organ-
ize their farm boys into "F. F. A."
units: Australia, Alaska, Union of
South Africa, South America, France
Among the Florida delegation at-
tending the convention were Myron
Grennel, delegate, Alvin Simmons,
alternate J. Lester Poucher, delegate
and candidate for American Farmer
Degree, Marion Bishop, Griffin Bis-
hop, Jim McClung, and Coach T. A.
Treadwell comprising the judging
team, Mr. H. E. Wood, Mrs. Alvin
Simmons, and Mr. and Mrs. G. N.
LARGO CHAPTER HOLDS
FUTURE FARMER FAIR
The Largo Chapter, Future Farm-
ers of America, held a Future Farmer
Fair, January 12-16, in connection
with the regular Pinellas County
Fair. A fair president, manager, and
board of directors composed of Future
Farmer members, were in charge.
Chapter officials in conference with
the regular fair officials were able to
secure a building, prize money, and
ribbons necessary for the exhibitors.
The boys remodeled an old building
that was 100 feet long and 24 feet
wide, and built individual booths
along each side. The mechanical
drawing class of the school made a
drawing plan of the building which
was used by the manager in assign-
ing space for the various F. F. A.
exhibits. The designated booths for
individual exhibits were six feet long
and five feet wide.
Types of exhibit booths were truck.
strawberry, eggs, ornamental, bee and
bee products. In one end of the
building space was provided for a
general exhibit, while in the other end
there was a display of academic work
The F. F. A. members of the Largo
Chapter also had a section in the
main poultry building where exhibits
from poultry projects were displayed.
A total of 52 boys either secured
and filled a booth, or made an indi-
vidual entry in the general exhibit
from their projects. Prizes amount-
ing to $137 were awarded these boys
for their exhibits.
Located near the front entrance to
the building was a sales stand where
the Chapter earned $22.25.
FFA CHAPTER SPONSORS
HERNANDO COUNTY FAIR
The Hernando County Fair, spon-
sored by the Hernando Chapter of
Future Farmers of America, Decem-
ber 11 and 12, was the first event
of its kind ever staged in the county.
Over 4,000 people attended the fair.
which was a great success.
The purpose of the fair was to aid
in the advancement of farming in
Hernando County by encouraging
those individuals, under whose leader-
ship the whole county may profit, to
exhibit their prize produce, stock or
handicraft. Along with the adults,
members of the chapter were given
an opportunity to make a showing
of the products from their own pro-
Exhibit departments included farm
crops, horticulture, livestock, poultry,
apiary, canning, culinary, livestock
products, textiles, arts and crafts,
antiques, curios and school work.
Over 250 prizes were offered by mer-
chants and companies to be awarded
to winners. These prizes included fer-
tilizer, seed, feed, subscriptions to
farm magazines, groceries and other
valuable merchandise. Attractive first,
second and third prize ribbons were
Outstanding educational exhibits
and demonstrations were furnished
by the State Forestry Service, the
Screw Worm Control Educational
Division, the Withlacoochee Resettle-
ment Project, and the Department of
Animal Husbandry of the University
Besides the exhibits and demon-
strations, there were various forms
of amusements furnished by two
carnival companies. Among the con-
tests held were hog calling, corn
husking, husband calling, horseshoe
pitching, greased pig catching, and
greased pole climbing, with prizes
offered in each.
In addition to giving the 72 mem-
hers of the Hernando Chapter exper-
ience in developing leadership, the
fair gave good publicity to the school,
county and the F. F. A. organization.
The large number of letters and the
fine cooperation shown by dealers else-
where in the manner of furnishing
awards and prizes for exhibits has
proven of great publicity to Hern-
The fair was a financial success,
yielding net profit of $400.00 for the
chapter treasury. Plans are being
made to make the fair an annual
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LARGEST CITRUS NURSERIES IN THE WORLD
Potato Growers Will
Give Scholarship to
Winning Club Member
A scholarship of $250 to the Uni-
versity of Florida College of Agricul-
ture will be awarded by the Hastings
Potato Growers Association next
spring to the outstanding 4-H club
junior or senior high school boy in
St. Johns, Flagler, and Putnam coun-
ties, R. W. Blacklock, boys club agent
with the State Agricultural Exten-
sion Service, announced today.
The scholarship was established to
stimulate club boys to greater achieve-
ment in their work and will be
awarded in cooperation with the Ex-
Any junior or senior high school
4-H club boy in St. Johns, Flagler,
and Putnam counties who has com-
pleted four years of club work is
eligible in the contest for the award.
The winning boy must continue in
4-11 club work through his senior year
in high school.
One 4-H boy will be selected from
each of the three counties and the
winner of these will be chosen by a
representative of the association, the
East Coast district agent with the
Extension Service, and the boys' club
agent. The scholarship will be award-
ed publicly by a representative of
the association between May 20 and
The scholarship will amount to
$250. of which $150 will be available
for the first year and $100 for the
second year of college. In case of
failure at college, the recipient of the
scholarship will forfeit any unused
portion of it back to the association.
Mr. Blacklock expressed pleasure at
the cooperation of the association in
giving the scholarship and thereby
stimulating the club boys of the three
counties to greater efforts in their
It is estimated that there are 400
million hens in the United States.
They produce 36 billion eggs per year,
an average of 90 eggs for each hen.
FUTURE FARMER FLASHES
Trenton: The Trenton Chapter of
Future Farmers of America reports
that they held a Future Farmer Fair
and Rodeo at Trenton on December
4 and 5. They made a net profit of
$158 from this activity, and it is
estimated that one-fourth of the
county's population visited the fair.
Gonzalez: The Tate Chapter of
F. F. A. reports an exhibit in the
Interstate Fair held in Pensacola No-
vember 3 to 8, which won for the
chapter much favorable comment and
$15 in cash prizes.
Tallahassee: Cash awards of $25.
$15, $10, and $5 respectively are be-
ing made to the four outstanding
chapters as shown by the Chapter
Contest last year. The chapters that
will receive this money are Home-
stead, Seminole, Wauchula and Largo.
Chiefland: The Chiefland Chapter,
F. F. A., reports a very successful
Father-and-Son banquet held on the
night of December 15. A wild game
supper was served.
Jay: The Jay Future Farmers re-
cently held a successful rat extermi-
nation campaign in the community.
They have also participated in com-
munity service by building 12 lawns.
Tampa: Nearly 2,000 Future Farm-
ers attended Future Farmer Day at
the Florida State Fair on January
30. They participated in crop and
livestock judging, and heard addresses
by Colin English, State Superin-
tendent of Public Instruction, and
Hon. Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of
The Sopchoppy Chapter Future Farmers of America are taking a
great interest in the beautification of their school campus around
their new high school completed by WPA. The above picture shows
a carpet grass lawn that the boys have set in front of the building.
They have trimmed several hedges around in the community and
obtained cuttings and are rooting them in the slat house to be used
in planting around the building. Other plans have been made for
further beautification and among them is to secure palms from the
woods near the Gulf and transplant them on the campus.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
TO MAKE THE BEST BETTER
Florida 4-H Club Boys and Girls
On Wednesday morning, November
25, 1936, County Agent S. C. Kierce
and I left Live Oak for Chicago. We
made the entire journey by bus and
arrived at our destination on Noven-
ber 26. In contrast to Florida's sun-
shine, most of the area through which
we passed appeared to be having mid-
winter weather. In many places there
was snow on the ground. The sight
of snow was particularly interesting
to me because I had seen none since
becoming a Florida resident 10 years
After our first night in Chicago, on
Friday morning, we went immediate-
ly to the International Livestock Ex-
position in which 1 had a pig entered.
At the time of our arrival a Collegiate
Livestock Judging Contest was being
carried on in the arena.
Back to the exposition again Sat-
urday morning to find that all the
animals entered had arrived. It was
the largest stock show I had ever
seen, having 14,563 entries. On Sat-
urday morning the Junior Feeding
Contest for barrows was judged. My
barrow, Buster's King, was not placed
in the all-breeds class, but he wasl
second-best Duroc-Jersey shown. An
Iowa Hampshire barrow was champ-
ion in the Junior Feeding. Later on
in the morning Mr. Walter Bigger, of
Scotland, placed the steers for the
exposition, and Saturday he judged
the steers in the Junior Feeding Con-
test. Following the awarding of prize.,
in this contest, all exhibitors who had
competed were tendered a banquet
by the Chicago Livestock Exchange.
This was especially interesting to me
because of my primary interest in
livestock. Later on in the week the
remainder of the livestock entered in
the exposition was judged. The grand
champion steer was decided to be
"G. Page", shown by Oklahoma A.
& M. College.
On Sunday morning the rest of the
Florida delegation arrived in Chicago,
accompanied by R. W. Blacklock.
State Boys' Club Agent. I had won
my trip to Chicago as a delegate to
the National 4-H Club Congress by
exhibiting the grand champion bar-
row of Florida. Over 1,400 club I'oys
and girls, winners of equivalent prizes
in their respective districts and rep-
resenting 44 states, registered that
Sunday afternoon we made a 50
mile tour of the city, by bus, to see
the features of greatest interest.
Especially outstanding on this tour
was the University of Chicago. Lake
Michigan. China Town. and Michigan
Boulevard. In the evening we attended
regular services of the Sunday Eve-
ning Club, an organization which
holds weekly meetings in the heart
of the business center of Chicago.
Music was furnished by the Hamilton
County, Iowa, 4-H Club Band and
Jasper County, Iowa. 4-H Club Quar-
tet. Dr. Parker of the Cleveland
First Baptist Church delivered a par-
ticularly splendid address.
The next morning, Monday, we
went again to the livestock show at
the Union Stock Yards. The 4-H Club
exhibit of grains was the most note-
worthy display we saw. Mr. B. H.
Heide, Secretary of tile International
Livestock Exposition, gave us a fino.
talk officially welcoming us to the
fair. He furnished passes to all mem-
bers of the 4-H (Club Congress and
commented on the fact that the group
was larger than ever before. Follow-
ing our Monday morning visit to the
fair we were entertained at a lunch-
eon given us by Sears, Roebuck and
company in the dining-room of the
That afternoon Thomas E. Wilson
gave us four hours of vaudeville en-
tertainment, followed by a dinner at
which he gave away $1,500 in scholar-
ships. To most of us this dinner was
the high point of the trip.
Armour and Company gave us break-
fast Tuesday morning at their plant,
in the Stock Yards. Later we, boys
only, went on a tour of the plant.
It is the largest packing plant in the
world, covering 110 acres and em-
ploying 10,000 people. It has a modern
leef killing plant costing over a mil-
Tuesday night at the Stevens Hotel
the annual 4-H (1lub National Ban-
quet was held. This was the most
important event of the week. because
it was here that winners of prizes
from the several different national
contests were announced. Also, a
musical "Rhythm Round the World"
was given which showed folk dance
and songs of many nations.
December 1, Wednesday, we toured
the International Harvester and Me-
(ormick works. Among the things we
saw were the making of individual
parts of harvester machinery, the as-
sembling of tractors :and other ma-
chines. and a demonstration of how
twine is made. We had lunch at the
Mc'ormnick works. several talks. and
more entertainment from o(ne of the
night clubs. That afternoon we spent
at the Horse Show in the Interna-
tional. Both race and draft horses
were on display. Some of them were
the best in the United States. and
we found especially interesting tha
Wilson world famous six-horse team
of Clydesdales. Wednesday night we
went to the Style Revue and the Flor-
ida delegation saw Miss Frances Webb
of Miami. declared national champion.
On Thursday morning we visited the
Chicago Field Museum, the Aquarium,
My Trip to Chicago
By EUGENE H. BOYLES
and the Addler Planetarium. The Field
Museum is the fourth largest in the
world. We all would have liked to
spend two weeks instead of two hours
in it. The Planetarium has a vast
nuimbr of astronomical instruments
which allow precise study of the con-
stellallons and planets.
The barrow 1 had entered at the
International Livestock Exposition
was sold at public auction Friday,
and brought $12.75 a hundred pounds,
at least $2.60 per hundred higher than
Chicago market top. Therefore it
proved to be a very profitable as well
as interesting and educational trip for
me, and I should like to take this
opportunity of expressing my ap-
preciation to the Florida Extension
Service, and particularly to Mr. Black-
lock, for making it possible.
4-H BOYS TO EXHIBIT
CALVES AT STOCK SHOW
The 4-H club fat calves will be a
special feature of the Florida Fat
Stock Show and Sale in Jacksonville,
March 9 and 10, 1937. A committee
of this show has just completed an
inspection of the 4-H club calves that
will be exhibited this season and re-
port that the calves are of much bet-
ter quality and that the feeding and
finishing out of the calves shows a
decided improvement over the last
two years. This committee reports
that some of the 4-H club boys will
take their calves into fast company
and show with the best feeders.
Madison County 4-H club boys have
already secured a special pen at the
National Stockyards in which to ex-
hibit their 24 calves that are being
fed out by boys in that county.
As the program is now arranged.
the club show and judging contest
will be held on March 9, and that
night all members will attend a cat-
tleman's banquet, at which time rib-
bons and prizes will be awarded. The
club calves will be sold at auction
in the open ring on the 10th.
Prizes for the exhibit of Class A.
fat steers, and Class B. breeding
animals are as follows:
Class A Class B
First prize .......$13.00 $13.00
Second prize ............ 12.00 12.00
Third prize ... 11.00 11.00
Fourth prize 10.00 10.00
Fifth prize .......... 9.00 9.00
Sixth prize .... S.00 8.00
Seventh prize ... 7.00
Eighth prize .... 6.00
Ninth prize ..... 5.00
Tenth prize ...... 4.00
Each team that is represented in
the judging contest shall be composed
of three members, the first prize be-
ing a scholarship to the 4-H Short
Course, which is valued at $4.50 for
each member of the team: the second
prize shall be a scholarship valued at
$2.00 for each member of the team:
and the high-scoring individual shall
receive a medal which has a value of
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
4-H SHOWS FEATURES OF
CENTRAL FLORIDA FAIR
Closing day of the Central Florida
Exposition. February 20, was named
4-H Club Day by the fair namnage-
mnent. and all 4-H club boys and girls
in Central Florida were invited to be
guests of the management on that
day. Special 4-H club displays were
features throughout the exposition
which opened February 15.
The 4-H poultry show was one of
the outstanding events at the exposi-
tion. Dan F. Sowell, assistant ex-
tension poultrymnan with the State
Agricultural Extension Service in
Gainesville. was superintendent. Prizes
were offered for best single birds:
entered by a 4-H boy or girl. and
for best displays from counties.
Similar individual prizes were offered
for the egg show.
A poultry judging contest, with
tennis of three members front t ( coun-
ty, attracted ai great deal of interest
among 4-HI club boys and girls. The
Grand Prize was a $10() scholarship
to the State College for Women or'
the University of Florida.
In addition to the poultry show and
judging contest, there was a 4-H corn
CLUB BOYS PLAY BIG
PART IN ADVANCE OF
Florida 4-H club boys have played
a prominent part in the improvement
of livestock in the state during the
past few years, according to R. W.
Blacklock. boys club agent with tlhe
State Agricultural Extension Service.
By using purebred stock in their
projects, the club boys have produced
cattle and hogs and sold them to other
farmers for use in their herds. "In
fact." Mr. Blacklock says. "the first
carload of breeding pigs brought inrT
Florida was for 4-H club 1oys."
Thi boys have also brought pure-
bred beef and dairy calves into th.
state and much of the fine cattle seen
on Florida firms today sprang from
stock that was raised by them.
Not only have the boys brought
good stock into Florida, but they have
employed the latest methods of ainmal
husbandry in raising them, receiving
instruction on these methods from
their county agents and other Exten-
sion workers. Their work has influ-
enced many adult farmers in obtain-
ing better stock and using approved
methods in raising it.
As the boys grow older and begin
farmingi for themselves they rmeme-
ber the things they have learned in
4-II club work pertaining to success-
ful livestock production and they con-
tinue the practice of the methods that
they used in their projects, the club
leader points out.
"The livestock men of the state
realize the important part that these
boys have played in the advancement
of their industry and today many of
the most enthusiastic supporters of
the c(lulb proglramln come froll their
ranks." Mr. Blacklock avers.
Fertilizer distributors that plae,(
fertilizer, during the idanting opera-
tion. at the proper distance to the
side of and below the seed to be of
greatest benefit to the crop are being
made by American manufacturers.
To the visitor and to the average
resident of this State. Florida seems
to be one vast pine forest. Hardwoods
are thought of largely as shade trees
in cities and around farms, and their
importance as a source of raw mla-
terial for saw-mills is easily over-
All up the coastal rivers that drain
into the Gulf and Atlantic there ex-
ist splendid stands of gumn. bay.
poplar, maple, magnolia, oak, hickory.
ash and other associated species.
These species support a virile manu-
facturing industry, engaged in the pro-
duction of articles ranging from furni-
ture to cigar boxes.
The value of Florida hardwoods
was early recognized. In 1812 tihe
United States Government set aside
a tract of live oak in Florida as a
reserve for ship timbers to be used
when the timbers from other regions
were exhausted. This use never ma-
terialized and although the pine in-
dustry surpasses the hardwoods in
volume of cut, hardwoods remain to-
day a very important phase in the
lumber manufacturing industry of
Starke. Fla.(-Connencemenlt of 4-H
club work in Starke. Lawtey, Brooker.
and Hampton this month hls been an-
nounced by T. K. Mc'lane, Jr.. Brad-
ford county agent.
Miami. Fla.-Dade County home
demonstration club work is moving
steadily forward, according to Miss
Pansy I. Norton, home agent. Thb'
iceta club's meeting plaee is how
built and the club at West Little River
is having its building constructed. The
l'eta building was constructed with
lumber turned over to the home dem-
onstration a 'ent by the transient divi-
sion of the WPA and the community
raised $129 to pay for labor and nails
and other materials.
West Palm Beach. Fla.-Plans for
Pl'mn Beach County's 4-TI Alumnae
('Cai p next June were wade at a re-
cent meeting of the Alulnae Club.
Mrs. Edith Y. Barrus. home agent.
Live Oak. Fla.-The girls' 4-H club
at Baxter, the first standard club in
Su\wannee County. will receive ;ts
certificate of standardization this
month, according to Miss Eunice
Grady. home agent.
Bonifay, Fla.-Great improvement
in Holmes County poultry has been
noted by Mrs. Bettie A. Caudle, home
agent. More chickens are on farms
than there have been in four years.
with practically every farm showing
a larger flock. The use of improved
methods and poultry records were
strong factors in the improvement,
Mrs. ('adle says.
Panama City, Fla.-Bay County 4-H
club boys have formed a forestry club
and have already planted 20 acres of
slash pine seedlings on idle land. Ten
acres of seedlings were donated to
the boys by a commercial corpora-
tion, while others have signified their
willingness to do likewise. When
completed, the plantings of the 1.
members of the 4-H forestry club will
total 50) acres. County Agent J. G.
Hentz. .r.. reports.
The Trend is
Nitrate Nitrogen and
Two Plant- Foods
for the price of one
JACKSON GRAIN CO.
For Good Food Try
HIGH GRADE CHICKS
-write for prices-
r fhRfte4p4 cwrabiu Qompatji. Anc.
36 SOUTH MAIN ST.
Jacsonv Cill Clorida
ART SERVICE PLATE SERVICE
BOOKLET COVERS HALFTONES
PHOTO LAYOUTS ZINC ETCHINGS
TRADE MARKS / COLOR PLATES
SPECIAL MAPS BEN DAY PLATES
PHOTO-RETOUCHING NEWSPAPER HALFTONES
4 1)1a. a
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
F BEYOND THE CAMPUS
With Florida Agricultural Alumni
Marshall Watkins, '35, is assistant
county agent in Hillsborough County.
Most of his work is in the Plant
City or strawberry section and his
office is located in Plant City. He
recently spent a week on the campus
doing some research work.
Francis Allen, '36, has a position
with the International Harvester Com-
pany and is stationed in Jacksonville.
Hugh Dukes, '34, is now stationed
in Atlanta, Georgia. He is with the
Soil Conservation Service.
Howard Wallace visited the college
lately. He is working in the Ocala
district with the Wilson and Toomer
Clark Dolive is now located in Bron-
son, Florida, with the Rural Rehabili-
Troy Jones is now teaching school
in Conway, Arkansas.
George Kramer and Jack Guthrie
are with the Citrus Inspection Bureau.
Glen Lucas is now with the Ferry-
Morse Seed Company.
Chet Senner, Bill and Winston Law-
less and Tom McRorie paid their re-
spects to the campus a few weeks
J. Milton Brownlee, '35, to Miss
Mamie Brinson of Bainbridge, Geor-
gia. Milton is working with the U. S.
Bureau of Entomology and is sta-
tioned in Gainesville.
Edwin Turlington. '38, to Miss Eli-
zabeth Arless of Gainesville. Florida.
Dwight E. Lucas, '38, to Miss Jane
Cameron of Bradenton, Florida.
HERNANDO CHAPTER BUYS
MOTION PICTURE MACHINE
The Hernando Chapter, Future
Farmers of America, have purchased
a portable 16 mm. sound motion pic-
ture machine. It is equipped with a
turntable and microphone and can
easily be converted into a public ad-
The projector and accessories which
cost $500 were purchased with money
made at the county fair sponsored
by the chapter.
The machine will be used for class-
room work, entertainments, and show-
ing agricultural films to evening class
A program of pictures has been
worked out so that an educational
film will be shown each week to the
high school. Once a month a feature
picture will be shown to the general
public. The chapter expects to earn
money for its treasury by charging
for these pictures.
There is little profit in keeping pul-
lets that do not lay at least 140 eggs
per year, says the Florida Agricul-
tural Extension Service. It takes that
many eggs to pay for feed and other
Maximum egg production is not
possible unless the hens get enough
water. Plenty of clean water should
be available for the flock at all times.
One hundred hens will drink about
four gallons of water daily.
FOR SUCCESSFUL SPRING CROPS
PLANT KILGORE'S BRED-RITE SEEDS
The standard of quality in Florida for over 25 years. Vegetable,
Flower and Field Crop seeds especially adapted to Florida
Kilgore's new spring 1937 seed catalog now available. If interested
in flowers ask for Kilgore's Flower Planting Guide. Both
sent free upon request.
THE KILGORE SEED COMPANY
The South's Leading Seedsmen
General Offices and Mail Order Department, Plant City, Florida
Twelve Kilgore stores serving Florida located at:
Plant City, Belle Glade, Pahokee, Miami, Gainesville, Homestead,
Palmetto, Pompano, Sanford, Vero Beach, Wauchula,
West Palm Beach
U. S. D. A. Washington, D. C.
Game management on the farm
The farm garden (F.B. 1673F. rev).
Handling, precooling, and transpor-
tation of Florida strawberries (T.B.
Federal seed-loan financing and its
relation to agricultural rehabilitation
and land use (T.B. 539T).
Forestry and permanent prosperity
Florida State Dept. of Agriculture, Bu-
reau of Immigration; Tallahassee,
Soil improving crops
The soils of Florida
Co-operative marketing laws
Plant pests and plant diseases
College of Agriculture, Experiment
Station, Gainesville, Florida.
Bulletin 303, Cold storage studies
with Florida citrus fruits, I.
Bulletin 304, Cold storage studies
with Florida citrus fruits, II.
Bulletin 305, The etiology of fowl
paralysis, leukemia and allied condi-
tions in animals, V & VI.
Extension Service Bulletins.
Bulletin 85, Miscellaneous tropical
and sub-tropical fruits.
Bulletin 86, Screwworms in Florida.
AUSTIN CARY MEMORIAL
(Continued from Page 5)
observations in the study of game
management and for recreation.
Eventually the tract will be made
more accessible with the development
of the woods-roads, and the necessary
fire lines to prevent fire from the
acts of careless persons. There is a
small lake within the tract and upon
a nearby site the students of forestry
of the University will erect their own
The Department of Forestry is con-
ducting and carrying on many other
demonstrations and experiments of
considerable interest within the for-
est. As an illustration, there will be
a portable saw-mill conference upon
the forest during the week of March
8, 1937, when all persons interested
in the demonstration of small saw-
mills are invited to attend. Also the
exhibit of various types of forest
fire-lines and the different methods
of wood preservation in the treatment
of fence posts and timbers will be
Thus the Department of Forestry,
in cooperation with the Forestry
Club, is endeavoring to use to the best
advantage of the Austin Cary Mem-
orial as dedicated by the Board of
Control of the University and by the
Society of American Foresters in
honor of the late Dr. Austin Cary.
February, 1937 THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER Page 15
one of the largest and most
complete plants in the Southeast
ROSE PRINTING CO.
ROSE BUILDING TALLAHASSEE
Printers Publishers Bookbinders Rulers
Originators and exclusive pro-
ducers of Foto-Craft Plates, the
Engraving Department of the
Tampa Daily Times is your most
dependable source of supply for
all types of photo-engravings.
Tampa Daily Times
DEWEY JANET, Manager
The College of Agriculture of the University of Florida
OFFERS TRAINING IN VARIOUS LINES OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND LEADERSHIP
Two Years General College Followed by Two Years in Applied Agriculture
Leading to B. S. A. Degree, with Specialization in the Following Fields:
Animal Husbandry Agricultural Education
Agricultural Engineering Horticulture
Only college in Southeast offering full courses in citrus and sub-tropical fruit culture.
Department of Forestry established last session.
Ample opportunity to develop talents through extra-curricula activities.
DEBATING, DRAMATICS, ORATORY, BUSINESS, POLITICS.
For catalog and full information write:
DEAN, COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Page 16 THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER February, 1937
and Veneer Company
Established 1896 Iluncoorruted 10")3
Manufacturers of Citrus and
HENRY W. LAND, BSA '33 Pres. & Gen'l Mgr.
Better Quality Fertilizers
Have been making better crops for the Flor-
ida Growers for over a quarter of a century.
They are known for their value-not because
they are cheaper.
We make Better Quality Brands as good as
scientific research, good materials, and care-
ful manufacturing methods direct.
You will be pleased with them. Ask any
user. If there is no agent in your communi-
ty, write us.
Trueman Fertilizer Company
Howard Seed Co.
126 Broad Street
WRITE OR CALL FOR OUR NEW CATALOGUE
Howard Grain Co.
2 Riverside Avenue
100 S. Jefferson St.
CAN SUPPLY YOUR FEED REQUIREMENTS
"NATURE'S STOREHOUSE OF
It is decayed vegetative mold. rich in HUMUS.
It is dredged ficm under water and contains no
grass or weed seeds.
It is cleon and odorless.
It is free from sand, clay or foreign matter.
It is NOT MUCK, which has been contaminated with
other substances-it is ALL HUMUS.
It is rich in organic ammonia-over 2V'.
It is highly absorbent.
It is light in weight and brown in color.
It is a natural home for bacteria.
It is a CONCENTRATED HUMUS.
It is excellent for citrus, garden and cover crops,
lawns, flowers, shrubs and plants.
It is a most economical product on a HUMUS CON-
It is superior to stable and dairy manures when com-
It can be secured in truck and car load bulk, and in
less carloads in bales.
Our plant is located just west of the Dixie Highway,
and we are sure a visit will be interesting.
Florida Humus Company
Telephone: Apopka 5320
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER