Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00018
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00018
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text


Florida College Farmer
Published by Agricultural Students at the University of Florida

VOL. IV JUNE 1, 1936 NO. 4

* .f




ST E C I A L 4-H



- Ell


For Most Value Per Dollar

When you use Ideal Fertilizers for your grove
or truck farm you can be sure you will get
"most value per dollar" for your fertilizer in-
vestment. And you will know, too, that further
experimenting will be unnecessary. Like
hundreds of Florida's most successful growers,
you will admit that you have found the best
fertilizer that money can buy. For more than
forty years Ideal Fertilizers have been manu-
factured to meet Florida's crop and soil needs.


Manufactured Exclusively by

Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Co.
Jacksonville, Florida

Compliments of . .


Jacksonville Tampa Miami Orlando






A generation of service
to the agricultural in-
terests of a great State.

$1.00 A YEAR

Published Monthly




Page 2

June, 1936


Boys' and Girls' 4-H Club Work
District Home Demonstration Agent

Boys' and girls' 4-H club work
is a great educational movement. It
develops farm boys and girls intel-
lectually, teaches them how to put
into practical use modern scientific
methods of farming and home mak-
ing, stimulates in them a desire to
complete their education, and helps
them acquire refinement in taste,
manner and language. Their ca-
pacity for constructive thinking and
intelligent planning is improved,
they learn how to cope with life's
problems, and they are better quali-
fied to select their life's vocation.
The 4-H clubs are under the direc-
tion of the Florida Agricultural Ex-
tension Service. They are organized
and developed by farm and home
demonstration agents employed by
the State College of Agriculture, and
local county boards. The name
"4-H Club" is taken from the em-
blem of the clubs, a four-leaf
clover, with an H inscribed on each
leaf. It signifies the equal develop-
ment of the head, the heart, the
hand and the health of each club
emlnber. The mind or head of the
boy or girl must be
trained to think, plan, and
reason; the heart to be co-
operative, so that all may T
work together; the health
must be improved, if
necessary, and kept good COLL
for efficiency and enjoy-
ment; and the hands must
be trained to be skillful.
The main objectives of LLO
4-H club work are as fol- WI
1. The fullest and finest
development of rural boys CLY
and girls. Do-T
2. To do something
worthwhile and to stimu- JA
late interest in commu- GRO
nity progress.
3. To improve farm and
home practices. BEN
4. To teach pride in oc- JEF
cupation. H. (
5. To give training in A. J
agriculture and home W.
6. To develop apprecia-
tion of nature. C. H
7. To teach cooperation.
8. To develop rural
9. To give vision.

Of the 67 counties in Florida 5!)
have either a home demonstration
agent or a farm agent, or both. At
present there are about 12,000 boys
and girls who are 4-H club members
in these counties. Each club mem-
ber carries on some activity under
the direction of the agent, this ac-
tivity being a demonstration of how
to do some useful piece of work on
the farm or in the farm house, such
as raising poultry, dairy calves,
pigs, and farm crops, or learning to
can fruits and vegetables, food se-
lection and preparation for better
nutrition and health, gardening,
clothing with relation to selection
of materials, construction and reno-
vation, home improvement and
community enrichment. These clubs
hold regular meetings at which they
receive instruction, exchange ex-
periences and learn to sing and
play together.
One of the most outstanding
things about club boys and girls is
their enthusiasm, whether they are
in their community club meetings,

ie Florida College Farm

published by representatives of Student Organizations

Yv RHODEN, '37 .......... .. .... Ed
MER W. BASSETT, JR., '37 .... Associate Ed
NK H. RICH, '38 .... ........ Managing Ed
IDE DRIaGERS, '38. .......... Future Farn
HUl M. MCNEELY, '37 ...... 4-H Club B
McCULLOUGH ............ 4-H College G



MCLAUCHLIN, '37. .... Business Mann
SDAvis, '37 .. .. A. Asso. Business Mana
SALLEN, '36 .. .. .... Circulation Mana
. LUNSFORD, '38 ...Asso. Circulation Manl
. MACGILL, '38. ..... .... Advertising Mana
E. BISHOP, '38.....AAsso. Advertising Mana
H. H. HUME, Chairman
Subscription Fifty Cents

at their county camps, achievement
or rally clays, or annual state short
courses. They are enthusiastic
about their club work, about their
homes and the fine things which are
available to farm boys and girls
through 4-H club work, as is indi-
cated in statements made by 4-H
club members themselves:
"I feel that 4-H club work has
filled a place in my life that nothing
else could have. I appreciate the
fact that I am better acquainted
with the people of my community,
state and nation and that through
club work I have learned to live a
better and fuller life."
"My club work under the leader-
ship of my home demonstration
agent, the State Extension Staff, and
my parents has meant more to me
than any other thing that I have ever
undertaken. It has enabled me to
see and do things that would have
been impossible otherwise. Club
work has always been a pleasure to
me because I love it, the associations
which it brings me, and beyond all,
the ideals and principles for which
it stands."
It is not difficult to
figure why these young
folks are interested and
er enthusiastic about 4-H
club work. It is because
RIDA it deals with the things
with which they are fa-
miliar, the livestock and
the crops on the farm, and
itor the practical duties of the
itor farm home.
They can see con-
crete results in their club
iers activities in a flock of
iris purebred chickens, a litter
of pigs, a good crop or
'37 garden, rows of canned
'37 products on the pantry
shelf, a girl's room which
she has papered and furn-
rger ished with attractive box
tge' furniture she has built

tger herself. Many farm boys

rger and girls not only have
iger received the inspiration to
go to college from their
club work, but income
PER from club projects has
gone a long way toward
paying college expenses.
Each club member is en-
(Continued on page 19)

June, 1936


Page 3


4-H Camps Train for Good Citizenship

Last summer, while rummaging
through some old papers on the
front porch of our home, I picked
up an old telegram dated 1922, from
Jacksonville. The telegram read:
"Dearest Mama, my pig won second
prize at the fair." I have often
thought of that pig. His name was
"Jack Dempsey," and I thought
then, and still think, that he was the
greatest pig in the country.
My experience with the 4-H club
movement dates from that time
until now. For several seasons I
have acted as assistant to Mr. R. W.
Blacklock, State Boys' Club Agent.
I have spent my time in the work
directing summer camps, and for
the past six years, I suppose I have
been with some 5,000 rural boys
an girls camping on different spots
ranging from the Manatee River in
the southern part of the State to
Choctawhatchee Bay in the extreme
northwestern part.
There are two large 4-H club
camps in the state, one in the na-
tional Forest near Ocala, Camp Mc-
Quarrie, and the other, Camp Tim-
pooche, on Choctawatchee Bay, the
camp where I have served as direc-
tor for the past three summers. At
this latter camp we had 639 boys
and girls this past season. The
campers came from Washington,
Holmes, Gulf, Walton, Santa Rosa,
Okaloosa, Jackson, Liberty, Jeffer-
son, and Escambia counties. Our
two camp cooks prepared over
8,700 meals for this healthy crowd
of young Americans. Of course,
this whole number was not present
at the camp at one time. Each
camp consisted of one week and
had an average attendance of 100
boys and girls. The camp has a
large dining-room, five cabins for
the boys, five cabins for the girls,
two control cabins for the chaper-
ones, electric lights, showers and
other modern conveniences.
The theory behind 4-H camps is
that good citizenship-which of
course, includes rural citizenship-
can be achieved by healthy and
properly guided play as well as by
the ordinary methods of classroom
teaching. In camp, then, we stress
the art of playing, and better pre-
paring our boys and girls for proper
use of leisure time. Although cer-
tain courses such as forestry, life-
saving, public speaking, first aid,

and self-improvement are taught,
most of the camping day is spent in
swimming, hiking, playing ball, and
in playing certain musical games,
which tend to give physical grace
and charm and offer real esthetic
A typical daily camp program in-
cludes two swimming periods, a flag
raising and lowering ceremony, an
organized play period of two hours,
a devotional hour, a story telling
hour, a study period of about two
hours, a work period and a free
period. The night program is al-
always eagerly anticipated. At this
time stunts, plays and similar forms
of entertainment are provided. Then
comes the playing of folk games,
such as the Virginia Reel, Tantoli,
and others. The 4-H club is doing
its part in attempting thus to estab-
lish traditional folk lore. The even-
ing's activities are always ended
with prayer. A busy child is no dis-
cipline problem and the camp pro-
gram is planned to keep the campers

To direct the destinies of
The Florida College Farmer
in 1936-37 have been chosen
the following officers:
Business Manager.
Circulation Manager.

In a 4-H camp we train for lead-
ership. The campers are always di-
vided into squads and each squad
has a leader. Upon these leaders
falls the responsibility of their re-
spective groups. Without these
leaders it would be difficult to have
a successful camp. Your writer has
been the only adult with the excep-
tion of the cooks, in several camps
which had over 75 boys. Yet with
this help, the camps were very suc-
cessful and no difficulties were en-
The discipline at our camp is
handled by a Kangaroo Court,
where your writer serves as prose-
cuting attorney, defense attorney,
and judge. This method of discipline
combines fun with punishment in
such a way that it is well received
by the campers.

This past year at Camp Timpoo-
che we had four boys to stay over
from each camp to assist with the
next one. They served as counselors
for the new group and inspired the
new campers in many ways.
A very outstanding thing about
4-H camps is the good food. Be-
lieve it or not, but GOOD FOOD is
the most essential thing to insure a
good camp. At Camp Timpooche
we always have two of the best
cooks that can be found anywhere.
The delicacies they serve can be
compared favorably with the meals
served in any restaurant. I have
frequently observed boys and girls
who gained several pounds during
their one week in camp.
Beautiful Choctawhatchee Bay is
the most outstanding asset of the
camp. It offers surf pleasures with-
out surf dangers; waves that are
high, but not too high; fish that are
big, but not too big; depth that is
sufficient, but not too deep. Child-
ren can swim and play safely in the
bay. You can walk for several
hundred yards before the water is
six feet deep and there are no
treacherous holes, and dangerous
undertows. There are always three
or four lifesavers on duty to protect
the group in swimming. Only at
stated intervals, and then under the
closest supervision, are the campers
permitted to go in swimming.

A camp, like every other institu-
tion, is but the lengthened shadow
of personalities. If these personal-
ities are concentrated to the task of
developing finer manhood and wo-
manhood, there is a real and per-
manent value to be found in the
camp. Agricultural Extension Ser-
vice workers, by their unselfish in-
terest in camp life, have contributed
in a great way to the success of our
undertaking. The camp staff, com-
posed last year of your writer, Miss
Bessie Edwards, Mr. Herman Young-
blood, four 4-H boys who served as
counselors, and two cooks, had this
one objective in mind-to teach
properly the development of the
head, the heart, the hand, and the
health of each boy and girl who has
been intrusted to us. We shall watch
with interest the future development
of these fine young people, and we
feel that we shall not be disappoint-
ed in their accomplishments.


State's Leading 4-H Members

Win Trip to National Camp

Four of Florida's outstanding 4-H
club members, two girls and two
boys, have been selected to repre-
sent this state at the 10th National
4-H Club Camp to be held in Wash-
ington June 18-24. They have earned
the honor by excellent work in their
clubs over a period of years.
The girls are Margaret Taylor of
Escambia and Beatrice Arnold of
Dade County. They were selected
from among a number of competi-
tors by Miss Flavia Gleason, state
home demonstration agent at Talla-
hassee, and other members of her
Donaldson Curtis of St. Johns and
Eugene Boyles of Suwannee County
are the winning boys, having been
chosen by State Boys' Club Agent
R. W. Blacklock and district agents
with the Agricultural Extension
Florida has had a similar delega-
tion at each of the preceding camps,
held annually by the United States
Department of Agriculture on its
grounds in the Nation's Capitol.
Winners are the top ranking four
among the state's 11,000 4-H girls
and boys enrolled in club work di-
rected by county and home demon-
stration agents.
Each of the two girls is 18 years
old and has been a 4-H member for
eight years. Each will have attended
five annual short courses for club
girls held by the State Home Demon-
stration Department at the State Col-
lege for Women the first week in
June each year.
Under the leadership of her home
demonstration agent, Miss Pansy
Norton, Miss Arnold has done su-
perior work in sewing, home im-
provement, gardening, canning,
bread making, poultry raising, nu-
trition, and leadership. "The work
has taught me to make my hands
generally useful," she said. She has
been president. of her club and a
member of numerous demonstration
That Miss Arnold is a real blue
ribbon girl is attested by the fact
that during the eight years she has
won 44 honors, including 19 blue
ribbons, six red ones and three
white ones.
Miss Taylor is a real leader, hav-
ing been president of her club for
three years, secretary one year, and

secretary of the county council two
years. Her projects have consisted
of sewing, cooking, gardening, can-
ning, foods and nutrition, home im-
provement and leadership, and she
has carried three or more of them
each year. Her work has been di-
rected by Miss Ethel Atkinson, home
demonstration agent in Escambia.
Young Curtis is 19 and has been
a 4-H member for six years, having
specialized largely in poultry and
rabbits and done his work under
severe handicaps. Last year he con-
ducted projects with poultry, citrus,
dairy cow and calves, pigs, and a
market garden. He often assists
County Agent Loonis Blitch in or-
ganizing and conducting 4-H club
work in the county.
Eugene Boyles is only 16, but in
five years of club work has regis-
tered remarkable achievements. He
has been a consistent winner at
county and state pig club shows for
all five years, and led the field in
1!)94 with poultry and in 1935 with
both dairy and beef cattle.

Club Short Courses
Will Attract Many
4-H Boys and Girls
Some 700 of Florida's finest 4-H
club girls and boys will assemble
early in June for their annual short
courses, it is announced by the
State Agricultural Extension Service
and State Home Demonstration De-
partment. The girls, about 450
strong, will gather at the State Col-
lege for Women in Tallahassee June
1, while about 250 boys will con-
vene at the University of Florida in
Gainesville a week later.
Full programs of activity, includ-
ing classes in various agricultural
and home making topics, sports,
amusement, and recreation are now
being planned by Miss Flavia
Gleason, state home demonstration
agent, and R. W. Blacklock, state
boys' club leader.
A group of former 4-H club girls
now in college will assist with the
girls' short course, as will members
of the Agricultural Extension Ser-
vice. Inspection of the Experiment
Station, the college farm and live-
stock, research laboratories, classes
under faculty members of the Col-
lege of Agriculture, baseball, swim-

ming and other sports, and assem-
blies in the University auditorium
will be features of the boys' course
this year.
Boys and girls who attend the
short courses are leaders in 4-H
club work in their communities,
and are selected by their agents on
the basis of records and accomplish-
ments. The week at the short
course is their prize for efficiency
and leadership.

Numerous People Help
to Provide 4-H Camps
When summer comes a boy's
fancy turns to thoughts of camping.
To fulfill this longing, camps have
been built from Maine to California
and from Florida to Michigan. The
camps vary from a cleared space
under the trees by the bank of a
good swimming hole to the palatial
pay camps of the mountain resorts.
Country boys and girls enjoy a
camping trip as well as do their
city cousins. They cannot be spared
from work on the farm long enough
and money is not plentiful enough
for them to attend one of the more
exclusive camps. To solve the prob-
lem for Florida 4-H club boys and
girls the Agricultural Extension Ser-
vice has developed two district
camps-one in the Choctawhatchee
National Forest, and one in the
Ocala National Forest. At these
camps the club members from each
county spend about five days at
camp, a different county occupying
the camp each week.
The camps have been built by do-
nations from civic -organizations,
luncheon clubs, and public spirited
men and women. Three large lum-
ber companies in West Florida do-
nated 6,000 square feet of lumber
each to help build a camp in that
section of the state. The Ocala Ro-
tary Club gave $500 towards build-
ing an auditorium for Camp Mc-
Quarrie. Many other firms have
contributed materials, labor and
cash until today there is an invest-
ment of about $20,000 in the two
Florida 4-H club camps.
The finest donation for camp
building in Florida was made by the
club boys and girls themselves.
When the West Florida camp was
started each 4-H club boy and girl
in the counties served by the camp
donated a fat hen. When the hens
were all gathered together there
were enough to fill a car. The pro-
ceeds from the car of fat hens
started the camp.-ARTHUR Mc-
NEELY, '37.

June, 1936

Page 5


The continuation of 4-H club
work through college years is the
aim of the college 4-H club organ-
ized on the campus of the Florida
State College for Women nine years
The aims of the club are to carry
over into college life something of
the 4-H standards and to establish
something of the fine democratic
spirit in college for which this na-
tional club stands; to sponsor the
club work throughout the State and
to encourage leadership and col-
lege education. While in college
through activities in club work girls
learn to be more noble and loyal,
and be helpful, useful and skillful.
The activities of the college group
of 70 members for the past year
began with the Freshman tea held
in the Dietitian's Cottage. At this
affair freshmen and new college
students who were 4-H club girls
were entertained by the upperclass-
men. In the receiving line for the
occasion were Senator and Mrs. W.
C. Hodges, Miss Flavia Gleason,
State Home Demonstration Agent,
Miss Anna Sikes, State Nutrition
Agent, and Mrs. Eva Culley, acting
agent. Tea was served during the
afternoon to over 100 guests.
Another interesting affair was the
Christmas party held in the Home
Demonstration club rooms. All
Christmas motifs were carried out,
including a Christmas tree and
Santa Claus who distributed va-
rious gifts to the members. A clever
program was presented.
Goat court held during February
was a most informal and humorous
occasion. With Miss Doris Mc-
Collough presiding, the freshmen
members were called upon to enter-
tain, and responded in varied and
interesting ways. Each goat sang
an original "goat song," adding
much gayety to the affair.
Following goat court a most im-
pressive formal initiation ceremony
was held. Each old member pre-
sented a new one to be accepted in
the club as she lighted her candle
on the 4-H light, the group then
formed a four-leaf clover and took
the pledge of the organization. Mrs.
Ola Powell Malcolm, of the Cooper-
ative Extension Service, Washing-
ton, D. C., gave a most interesting
and impressive address, after which
the group adjourned to the dining
room for breakfast. The tables

were appropriately decorated with
green and white four-leaf clovers,
the emblem of the 4-H club.
Another annual event anticipated
with a great deal of enthusiasm is
when the members of the group en-
tertain the members of the Agricul-
tural Club from the University of
Florida at the college camp, "Camp
Flastacowa." During this get-to-
gether the two groups discuss the
club activities of the two organiza-
tions for the coming year and be-
come better acquainted with each


Members of the college club help
each year with the state-wide short
course for 4-H club girls held at the
Although the college girls are no
longer bona fide 4-H club members,
they are still trying to live up to the
club motto-"To make the Best
Better," in college life.

Fun and Fellowship Mark
Second Annual College Night

Marked by a spirit of hilarity, the
second annual Agricultural College
Night was held in the new gym-
nasium at the University of Florida
April 24. On that occasion students
in the College, their sweethearts and
faculty members from the Teaching
Division and Experiment Station

College 4-H Club is Active

and their wives mingled together' in
the festivities and became better ac-
Ag College Night is sponsored by
all students in the Agricultural Col-
lege at the University of Florida.
Representatives of all clubs in the
College-Ag Club, Toreador, For-
estry Club, the Newell Entomolog-
ical Society, Thyrsus, Alpha Zeta,
and the Florida College Farmer-
serve on the Agricultural Students'
Council, which plans this event.
At the 1936 Ag College Night,
round dancing was soon begun and
kept up until interrupted by Jack
Weaver's welcoming all those pres-
ent with a few well chosen words.
He then announced the Choral
Club, which sang four numbers.
Miss Cleva Carson conducted the
club as usual. After the songs,
waltzing and two-stepping was the
order of the day until the grand
march was announced. The march
was led by Wilmer Bassett and his
partner. Many intricate figures
were cut.
'Cake Walk' was one of the fea-
tures of the evening. A large cake
was placed in the middle of the
floor while the couples marched
around it. Two umbrellas and five
flags were given out to be passed
from hand to hand and when the
music stopped, those holding either
flag or umbrella were eliminated.
Eventually, the one holding the
lucky umbrella 'took the cake.'
While all these events were going
on, those who did not care for
dancing were engaged in pleasant
conversation or in the various con-
tests which were held on the side-
lines. Prizes were given out later
for the best guesses as to the num-
ber of rings in a cross-section of a
giant Sequoia tree, the number of
kernels on an ear of corn, and the
number of beans in a jar.
Alpha Zeta held part of its initi-
ation as another feature of the ev-
ening. The pledges entered the
hall leading various small animals,
such as a pig, a rabbit, a turkey, a
puppy, and a duckling. The floor
had just been plastered with corn
meal and was almost too much for
the pig. He made most of his prog-
ress on his stomach. However,
when the blue ribbon was bestowed
upon his leader by Miss Grace
Noble, he was prevailed to appear
briefly at the microphone, with a
loud grunt. The rabbit was given
the red ribbon.
Punch and cookies were served.
-Juliet H. Carrington.


June, 1936

Page 6


This summer about 2,000 4-H
club boys and girls will spend a
week at one of Florida's 4-H camps.
The camp for West Florida is lo-
cated in the Choctawhatchee Na-
tional Forest on Choctawhatchee
Bay. This camp is equipped to
handle 120 boys and girls at a time.
Electric lights, sanitary sewerage
and complete kitchen equipment
have been added during the nine
years this camp has been operated.
Camp McQuarrie, Central Florida
4-H Club camp, is located on
Crooked Lake in the Ocala National
Forest. This camp is equipped as
well as the West Florida camp and
will handle 100 boys or girls at a
time. The two well-equipped plants
make it possible for Florida 4-H
club members to get the most pos-
sible from their summer camps.
A trip to camp gives a country
boy opportunity to get away from
the tiresome routine of farm life in
the summertime. It gives him the
opportunity to rub shoulders with
his fellows and to learn how to
make the face to face contacts
which will govern the outcome of
his life in the years to come.
Life at a 4-H club camp is full.
From the morning swim at 6 A. M.
until lights are out at 10 P. M.,
something is going on except during
the two rest periods-and the boys
usually find something to do even
then. The program for the average
day at camp is about this--6 A. M.
to 6.30, morning swim; flag raising
at 6.45; breakfast 7 o'clock; camp
inspection 8.10; work hour 8.30 to
9.30; morning assembly or chapel
9.30 to 10; discussion groups 10.00
to 11.00; 11.15 to 11.40 swimming;
12.00 dinner; rest period 1.00 to
2.00; athletic competition 2.00 to
4.00; swimming 4.15 to 5.30; flag
lowering 5.45; supper 6 o'clock;
evening program 8 o'clock, and
lights out at 10.00.
Boys are divided into squads of
10. These squads eat together,
sleep together, work together and
play together. Learning the basic
principles of cooperation by the 4-H
method-which is LEARNING BY
The athletic competition is so ar-
ranged that every boy in camp
takes part in at least four contests.
Every boy in every squad takes part
in each sport. Perhaps the diamond
ball games are marred by too many

errors, but every boy gets his op-
portunity. No boy has to sit on the
sidelines because he is not good
enough for the team. The squads
are made as nearly even in strength
as possible. The aim is to let every
boy take part in everything.
In the classes which are held
each morning, no subject matter
related to farming is given. Discus-
sion groups are formed, in which
an attempt is made to get the boys
themselves to discuss subjects of
everyday life. The following are
some of the subjects discussed at
one boys' camp: Select some person
whom you respect, and tell the
things about him which makes you
respect him. What makes good
sportsmanship? Does farming offer
any inducement to a Florida boy at
this time? In this way, a boy learns
how to think, and, then, how to tell
what he thinks.
In the fun which goes with camp-
ing, the aim is to hold to the stand-
ard that 4-H fun is always "good
clean fun." Here again the boys are
given the opportunity to develop
their own program of entertain-
ment. Each squad has to work up
and present a skit as part of an
evening's entertainment. Everyone
who can play, sing or dance is given
a chance. Singing is a part of all
4-H camps. You would be surprised
to hear how well 80 boys can sing
songs like "Old Folks at Home,"
"The Keeper," "Frog Went A-Court-
ing," after four days of singing to-
A camp always brings to our
minds thoughts of water, and of
swimming. A Red Cross life-saver
is in charge of all water sports.
Every boy who comes to camp is
expected to learn to swim, if he did
not know how before. Lessons are
given in life-saving at the camps.
The 4-H boys camps usually run
from Monday supper through Satur-
day breakfast. In that time the boys
have the opportunity to acquire
a better understanding of coopera-
tion; participation in athletic con-
tests, with attendant lessons in good
sportsmanship; enlarged knowledge
of how to get along with their fel-
lows; the ability to think, and to
express themselves, and finally, a
clearer understanding of what goes
into a worthwhile man, to make of
him a citizen honored and respected
in his community.

Benefits Derived at 4-H Camps

4-H Club Boys Keep
Accurate Records

Sometime during the past two
years, almost every farmer has
come in contact with the Agri-
cultural Adjustment Act. The most
striking thing which the farmer has
learned from this contact is the ne-
essity of having a record of the
farm business. Although the old
adjustment program has been
thrown out, the need for the value
of farm records has been impressed
upon the minds of the American
Members of 4-H clubs have been
working on the problem of farm
record keeping for over 20 years.
Club members have been required
to keep cost records of their pro-
jects. In the last few years club
members have gone further and
have developed projects for keep-
ing records on the entire farm. In
many cases a farmer was able to
complete a corn-hog contract in a
minimum of time and with a max-
imum of accuracy because his son
had kept a record of the farm busi-
ness for two or more years.
Without an accurate record a club
project is incomplete. It lacks the
final business statement showing the
financial success or failure of the
venture. If boys and girls are to
succeed and prosper as farmers and
farmers' wives, they must know how
to keep an understandable record of
the farm business. Under the present
set-up there is no other place than
in the 4-H program where this train-
ing can be secured by a farm boy
or girl. Four-H Club work is try-
ing to fit its members to meet the
requirements of their vocation
through actually doing the different
jobs. In a small way, 'tis true, but
under conditions practically identi-
cal with the larger problems of
farm and home life.

WILLISTONI The Williston Chapter
Future Farmers of America spon-
sored an old-time fiddling contest
recently. They made $61.00. They
also made $30.00 by repairing
school furniture as a shop project.

ALTHAI The Altha Chapter spon-
sored the Calhoun County Agricul-
tural Fair and earned a profit of
$175. The money will be used for
equipping the agricultural farm


June, 1936


Page 7



Interesting Campus News Notes

Political Campaigns
On Campus Attract
Many Ag Students

It was back in the years 1927 and
1928 that there were formed on the
Campus of the University of Flor-
ida two political parties, "Beef-
steaks" and "Hamburgers." Hum-
orous as these titles for political
parties may seem, their purpose
was in direct contrast. Leaders on
the campus at that time felt that in
electing officers for the student body
and various other departments of
student organizations, education in
politics could be more nearly se-
cured if we followed the pattern of
our elders out in the field. And so
today, at the University of Florida,
there are still in existence two po-
litical parties, descendants of the
"Hamburgers" and the "Beef-
In the political campaign on the
campus this year there were two
parties in existence: The Student
Party, and the Progressive-Liberal
Party. If a visitor had happened
on the campus during the early part
of April he would have been amaz-
ed at finding the campus practically
covered with political literature
advertising both political parties or
their candidates on the tickets of the
two parties. On these tickets would
have been found the urgent request
to vote for McLauchlin, for Vice
President of the Student Body;
Slaughter for Vice President of the
Student Body; Chas. Root for Presi-
dent of the Athletic Council; Ken
Willis for member Athletic Coun-
cil; Lloyd Rhoden for Member Stu-
dent Board of Publications; Tom
Leonard for Managing Editor of Al-
ligator; Bill Harrell for Business
Manager of 'F' Book; L. K. Edwards
for member of Executive Council
for Ag College; Marable Love for
Member of Executive Council for
Ag College; W. W. Matthews and
Herbert Henley against Arthur Mc-
Neely and H. C. Lunsford for mem-
ber on Honor Court for Ag College.
All of the students whose names
are listed above ran for political
office in Student Government at the
University of Florida in the past

campaign, some on one ticket and
some on the other. In several cases
the boys were running against each
other. The winners in the elec-
tions were: Ben McLauchlin, Vice
President of Student Body; Bill
Harrell, Business Manager of "F"
Book; Chas. Root, President of the
Athletic Council; Marable Love,
member of the Executive Council;
Herbert Henley and W. W. Matth-
ews, members of the Honor Court
representing the Ag College.
Ag College is outstanding in
campus politics. The student body
takes active part in politics, having
the highest percentage of students
turning out at the polls to vote in the
past two campaigns. In the past year
elections Grover Howell was chosen
Secretary-Treasurer of the Senior
Class; Victor Nettles, Honor Court;
Ben McLauchlin, Secretary-Treas-
urer of Junior Class; Bill Harrell,
Vice President of Sophomore Class;


L. K. Edwards, Jr., Secretary-
Treasurer of Sophomore Class; Ben
Gittings and M. F. Allen, members
of Executive Council for Ag College.
All boys mentioned above are
leaders in the College of Agricut-
ture and on the campus in general,
and by taking part in this extra-
curricular activity they will devel-
op even greater leadership qualities
in fulfilling the duties of their re-
spective offices.-Dan Allen.

Prominent Ag College
Student Is Graduating

Victor F. ("Vic") Nettles, from
Palmetto, Florida, a true "son of the
soil," is finishing his fourth year
in the College of Agriculture. Hav-
ing majored in Horticulture and
specialized in vegetables and cit-
rus, he is ready to take charge of
his land interests in Manatee
Although he has been partially
working his way through College,
Vic has been very active in all col-
lege activities. During his sopho-
more year, he served as vice-pres-
ident of the Ag Club, and as presi-
dent of this organization the first
semester of his junior year. Alpha
Zeta, national honorary agricultural
fraternity, elected him its vice-pres-
ident during his junior year and this
year found him as president of that
organization. Victor was a chapter
delegate to the Alpha Zeta National
Conclave in Chicago in 1935. He is
also a member of Thyrsus, honorary
horticultural fraternity, and has
been chairman of the Agricultural
Students Council for the past two
Victor has been very active in
campus politics. He served on the
nominating committee on the Pro-
gressive Liberal Party in the
Spring and Fall of 1935. In the
Spring of that year, he was elected
as a member of the Honor Court
from the College of Agriculture.
During the past year he served as
chairman of the Honor Court Essay
Contest Committee and as a member
of the Publicity Committee.
Vic is a member of Alpha Tau
Omega social fraternity, Cavaliers
Dance Society, Sabres, and is a
captain in the R. O. T. C. He has
been recently pledged to Phi Kappa
Phi, honorary scholastic fraternity,
and Blue Key, honorary leadership
Because of his congenial person-
ality and leadership ability, he will
be missed on the campus. He leaves
an outstanding record.

June, 1936


Ingenious and Prosaic
Part-Time Jobs Help
Aggies Get Education


In the prosperous twenties the
"earn your way through College"
tradition was firmly embedded in
the strata of American life. Stories
of the Horatio Alger type, with the
hero earning a college education'by
selling automobiles or by working
as a waiter in a lunch room were
widely read and believed. This fact
gained strength from the American
tradition that hard work and
thrift were not only the highest vir-
tues but were the inevitable fore-
runners of success.
In the last five or six years these
traditions have been seriously shak-
en. With the coming of the depres-
sion we have seen a drying up of
funds available for students who
have to work their way through.
There have been more students de-
siring to work than there was work
to do. However here at the Uni-
versity of Florida, and especially in
the Ag College, we are fortunate in
having opportunities presented
whereby an ambitious and deserv-
ing student may earn part, if not all,
of his way through school.
Many and varied are the ways in
which the students of the Ag Col-
lege go about earning their expense
money. Possibly the most widely
known of the various jobs is that
of the students who work at the
dairy barn. Long before most of
of us have even begun to think of
arising in the morning, the stu-
dents employed there are busily en-
gaged in their several jobs of get-
ting the fresh daily supply of milk
ready for the school cafeteria, oper-
rating the milking machines, weigh-
ing the milk, getting ready for the
morning delivery, cleaning the
equipment. These are jobs that
must be done every morning, rain
or shine. To hold one of these jobs
for one, two, or three years re-
quires the type of courage that it
takes to make a success in work-
ing your way through.
Other students find part-time em-
ployment as assistants in various
departments of the College, some as
part-time teachers, laboratory in-
structors, the making of charts,
maps and outlines. Others turn to
the work of the operation of the
University's farms and the keeping
of records and data. Still others

find employment in the various
school libraries.
With the advent of the National
Youth Administration, which has
provided necessary funds, more
students are finding employment in
the work of beautifying the campus,
working on the various construc-
tion projects going on about the
campus and of making general re-
search surveys.
There are still others who hold
jobs outside of the College, deliv-
ering newspapers, working at the
various boarding houses and com-
mercial firms in the city of Gaines-
In the final analysis we would
say that though the opportunities
are not as numerous as we might
hope, as long as we have the good
American Spirit and the will to win
there will always be a place. for
the student who works his way
through to success.

Outstanding Ag Student
Well Known on Campus


Going to college and working your
way through is more than most boys
find time to do, but besides doing
this, Dan Allen has been outstanding
in athletics and many Ag College
Although Dan is from Tampa, he
does vouch for many days of farm
work in the north during the sum-
mer. "I have learned that it is
easier to follow a plow than a wo-
man," said Dan, but he is quite
adept at both.
While a freshman Dan made his
numerals in track, boxing and foot-

ball. He has been on the Varsity
Boxing Team for the past three
years and was acting captain in
Dan has been a member of the
Ag Club for the past four years, and
is one of the best debaters on the
Ag College Debate Squad. He is a
member of the Ag College Choral
Club, is secretary and treasurer of
the Toreador Club and is president
of Thyrsus, Honorary Horticultural
Fraternity. He is also on the staff
of The Florida College Farmer, ser-
ving as circulation manager.
In order that he might go to col-
lege, Dan has worked on many dif-
ferent jobs. He has waited on tables,
in boarding houses, solicited clean-
ing and pressing, done repairs for
the Maintenance Department of the
University, and he is now working
in the University of Florida Cafe-
teria. For the past three years he
has been student assistant in the
Poultry Department.
Dan is a member of Pi Kappa Phi
social fraternity and his name is
often seen on the list of those mem-
bers of his fraternity who are tak-
ing part in some intra-mural sport.
When it comes to leadership abil-
ity, sincerity in his work and a
smile and hand-shake for every-
body, Dan is the man. He graduates
in June with a major in agricultural
education and minors in poultry and
horticulture. His many friends
wish him a world of success.

John Causey Is Named
President of Thyrsus

At a recent meeting of Thyrsus,
honorary horticultural fraternity,
the following officers were elected:
Pres., John Causey, Wauchula; Vice
Pres., Wilmer Bassett, Monticello;
Secy.-Treas., Frank Bennett, Ocala;
Reporter, W. S. Valentine, Lees-
At a preceding meeting the fol-
lowing pledges were initiated: L.
B. Anderson, C. D. Kime, W. W. Bas-
sett, J. B. Weaver, W. E. Stephens,
Walter Stirling, L. J. Mills and W.
S. Valentine.
The fraternity has made marked
progress this year. The members
have enjoyed a party honoring in-
itiates, recently. Another enjoyable
feature of the fraternity was a talk
given by R. J. Wilmot, Experiment
station specialist in Fumigation Re-
search, who is a past president of
the organization.

June, 1936

Page 9




FFA Training Aids Apopka Boy

Clyde Marden, a student enrolled
in the all-day class in vocational ag-
riculture in the Apopka high school
at the present time, is a good ex-
ample of what Future Farmer and
vocational agriculture training can
do for a boy who plans to follow
farming as a vocation.
Clyde first enrolled in a day-unit
vocational agriculture class last
year, more because it was required
than because he wanted to. Almost
immediately he grasped the idea
and object of this type of training
and because it was what he wanted,
he put forth his utmost efforts to be
one of the best students in the class.
Clyde's project program consisted
of 70 laying hens, 350 baby chicks,
and 5 acres of citrus. He soon
learned that his laying hens were
not the best that could be had,
therefore he sold them in the early
spring and bought 350 baby chicks
of the breed that he decided from
study would bring him the best re-
Clyde's citrus grove consists of
one acre of bearing trees and four
acres of young non-bearing trees.
The freeze came along in December
of 1934 and froze most of his fruit
on the bearing trees, but he managed
to sell 60 boxes of good fruit. Due to
his cultivation and fertilizer pro-
gram of last year, he was able to
bring his grove out of the slump
caused by cold weather. This spring
of 1936 sees Clyde's grove in much
better condition than it was before
the freeze struck it.
Due to the fact that Clyde was re-
quired to keep an accurate record
of his projects, he could readily see
where his mistakes were and cor-
rect them. Also he could tell what
his money was being spent for and
how much each project yielded and
the value of it. The total net profit
for Clyde's projects for 1934-35 was

$153.10 and a total labor income of
When the year was complete,
Clyde immediately saw the value of
vocational agriculture to him.
When school started in September
of 1935, he was one of the first to
register in the all-day class. His pro-
ject program for this year included
130 pullets from his 350 baby chicks
of the previous spring, 500 baby
chicks, 5 acres of citrus, 27 hives of
bees and one-quarter acre of home
garden. This, one can easily see, is
a large improvement over his past
year's program, and is shaping up
into a farm program that will make
him independent by the time he is
out of high school.
Clyde Marden found that voca-
tional agriculture was not all work.
He was the only boy chosen out
of a class of 15 his first year to join
the Apopka Chapter of Future Farm-
ers of America. He was active in
the chapter throughout the year, be-
ing one of the members to represent
the chapter at the annual conven-
tion of the Florida State Association
of Future Farmers of America at
Gainesville. At the election of
officers this year, Clyde won the
honor of being elected treasurer of
the chapter.
According to his agriculture
teacher, Clyde is a good example
of what vocational agriculture will
do for a boy if he will only put
forth effort and wants to train for
the vocation of farming.

BRISTOL! The Bristol Chapter grew
1,000 pineapple pear trees on their
field laboratory plot and distributed
them to 100 farmers in the commu-
GREENVILLE! Members of the Green-
ville Chapter built a number of fat-
tening crates for broilers and had
400 head on the Easter market.

Nitrate of Soda Crops
Contest is Successful

There were 27 chapters entered in
the 1934-35 Crops Contest, and a
total of 100 record books were
The record books submitted by
the Homestead Chapter were out-
standing. This chapter made 15
entries in the truck crops contest,
which were mostly Irish potato
projects. This accomplishment was
due in great measure to the coop-
erative Irish potato farm operated
by the chapter.
The most outstanding individual
record was submitted by John Jones
of Sanford. He carried five enter-
prises in a diversified program, and
they were well balanced. He made
a labor income of approximately
$1,100. This lad was 16 years old,
in the 10th grade and 2nd year of
vocational agriculture at the time
of accomplishment. He owned his
projects 100%'. A detailed report of
his project was given in the last
issue of The Florida College Farmer.

Webster Wins Crop Contest
Jack Webster of Liberty High
School won first place in the State
Chilean Nitrate of Soda Cotton Crop
Contest with a project of eight acres.
He is 17 years old and is a sopho-
more in high school.
The total yield of the project was
4,016 pounds and gave a gross in-
come of $421.68. Labor income
amounted to $327.09.
Jack worked a total of 316 hours,
making a labor income of $0.61 per
BETHLEHEM! The Bethlehem Chap-
ter F.F.A. recently gave two broad-
casts over the Dothan, Alabama,
radio station.
PONCE DE LEON! The Ponce de
Leon Chapter recently assisted in a
political day rally and at the con-
clusion of the day, staged an old-
time fiddler's contest.

Page 10



June, 1936


How I Won First Prize With Corn
By JOHN ALLEN, Chiefland

Like most rural boys, I have al-
ways had the desire to have some
patch of my own and really work
hard on it. My first year in high
school was more or less uphill,
since I was the oldest boy in a large
family. At the beginning of this
year I did not choose the subject of
vocational agriculture because I
thought that to take it meant I
would certainly be a farmer, and I
already knew too many of their
During this year I became better
acquainted with Mr. M. B. Jordan,
our agriculture teacher, and hearing
his boys talk of their work con-
vinced me that, after all, the agricul-
ture course is a practical course for
all farm boys.
At the beginning of the second
year my schedule was upset and it
was impossible for me to take the
regular course. After the first few
(lays Mr. Jordan explained that he
was organizing a class to meet two
days a week and he could not give
high school credit. I told him to
expect me to be present.
I was 18 years old soon after
school began. Our farm of 320
acres is located about 31/2 miles
northeast of the Chiefland school.
Last year we cultivated 125 acres
in the following crops: corn and
peanuts, 90 acres; corn-peas-pea-
nuts, 25 acres; solid peanuts, 5
acres; and then came my project.
After learning the requirements
of the home project that is required
of each boy taking vocational agri-
culture, together with the details of
the Chilean Nitrate Crops Contest,
I felt that my desire was about to
be fulfilled.
I talked the matter over with
Dad and we decided that corn
would be suitable, since we had
made good yields the past few years
on our farm. I then discussed this
with my agricultural teacher and
asked him to recommend a variety
and a fertilizer program. He sug-
gested Whatley's Prolific seed and
to use the fertilizer recommenda-
tions of the Experiment Station in
Gainesville, which was nitrate of
soda as a side-dressing when knee-
high. There were six acres in the
plot that I decided to plant.
I first cut the weeds with a weed
cutter and then broke the land dur-
ing the first week of February with
a 14-inch turning plow. The second

week in March I laid off my rows
40 inches apart with a 16-inch
sweep. I planted the same day with
a cale planter 30 inches in the drill.
About a week later I came back
with 24-inch sweep and put two
furrows to each middle which made
the first real corn cultivation much
easier and more effective. The corn
was sided with a sweep the first
time about April 19, and at the next
plowing on April 29 I applied 50
pounds of Chilean nitrate of soda
per acre as a side-dressing and then
used a 24-inch sweep to cultivate
with this time.
On May 3 I plowed every other
row with a 32-inch sweep and on
May 13 I plowed the row that was

not cultivated the last time; this
concluded the cultivation.
I asked Mr. Jordan about the first
of August to help me get a market
for the corn, as our local market
was only offering $8 per ton. After
returning from the annual teachers
conference at Daytona Beach Mr.
Jordan said he had an offer of
$0.477 here at the house if I would
sell the entire lot. This I did and
the following are the actual figures
for my project:

Total yield ........... 294 bushels
Total income ........... $139.25
Total expense ............. 40.42
Net profit ................. 98.83
Paid self for labor .. ...... 18.92
Labor income ............. 117.75
Total hours man labor ...... 196
Total hours horse labor 166
Cost of production per bu.. .138
Selling price per bu. ........ 477

Chufas Were Suitable for My Project
By Avis HORNE, Chiefland

I am 17 years old, in the ninth
grade, and this is my first year in
vocational agriculture. Until a few
years ago I was an invalid and na-
turally being confined closely, I
studied those activities of other
boys and girls. My older brother
was going to Chiefland school and
taking vocational agriculture. I
learned to like his project work and
F.F.A. activities, and when I
finished the lower grades in a one-
teacher school, I was ready to take
up high school and vocational ag-
riculture at Chiefland.
My father's farm contains 106
acres and last year we cultivated
67 acres as follows: 60 acres corn
and peanuts, 4 acres peavine hay, 1
acre cane, 1 acre potatoes and
garden, and 1 acre of chufas for my
After studying the possibilities of
many crops in the classroom, and
hearing Professor M. B. Jordan
explain how another one of our
F.F.A. boys won first place in the
Crops Contest last year with chufas,
I decided then on my project. I
went home in the afternoon and
talked the matter over with Dad and
he agreed to let me have an acre
strip of new land. For my finance
other than labor I arranged with
Dad to handle and I would repay
him in the fall when the crop was
harvested and sold.
I cleared my land on February 1

and broke it up with a 12-inch turn-
ing plow February 3, and the next
day I cut the land both ways with
a disc harrow.
On March 15 I went back and laid
off the rows 18 inches apart with a
14-inch sweep and planted the
chufas with a planter 12 inches in
the drill.
The chufas were not cultivated
until 42 days after planting, at
which time I applied 50 pounds of
nitrate of potash as a side-dressing
and cultivated behind the applica-
tion with a harrow. Two weeks
later I sided the chufas with i 16-
inch sweep and on April 15 I hoed
the patch and plowed the middles
with a sweep, waited two weeks and
again plowed the middles, and the
chufas were laid by.
I contracted the harvesting by
hiring a Negro man with a large
family. I paid him $15.00 to har-
vest the entire acre. The following
is my record:

Total yield ................. 73 bu.
Total income ............. $219.00
Total expense ............. 39.32
Net profit ................. 179.68
Paid self for labor .......... 12.10
Labor income............ .. 191.78
Total hours man labor ...... 271
Total hours horse labor .... 44
Cost of produce per bu.. .378
Selling price per bu........ $3.00
Yield with nitrate potash .73 bu.
Yield without nitrate potash. .45 bu.

June, 1936

Page 11



With Florida Agricultural Alumni


We are proud of the fact that Mr.
A. W. Tenney, '27, Master Teacher
of Vocational Agricultural in Flor-
ida for the fiscal year 1934-35, was
awarded fourth place in the South-
ern Regional Master Teacher Con-
test and was presented with a check
for $25.00 as the prize for the fourth
place winner in the Southern Re-
gion. Mr. D. M. Clements, Chair-
man of the Regional Contest Com-
mittee, made the regional award to
Mr. Tenney along with the certifi-
cate of Master Teacher.

County Agent work was recently
initiated in Gilchrist County with
the appointment of A. S. Laird, '26,
as County Agent, with headquarters
at Trenton. Mr. Laird received his
M. A. degree from Florida in '27.
Since leaving the college, he has
worked in the Agronomy depart-
ment of the Florida Experiment Sta-
tion, with the U. S. Forage Crops
Office, Federal Land Bank and Re-
settlement Administration, in addi-
tion to teaching vocational agricul-
ture in Okaloosa County from 1931
to 1933.

M. U. "Red" Mounts, '25, County
Agent for Palm Beach County, was
recently awarded a medal of honor
by the Palm Beach County Garden
Association for the outstanding
work he has done in stressing the
beautification of his county.

C. A. McClelland is teaching vo-
cational agriculture at the Eastover
High School in North Carolina. His
address is Route No. 1, Fayetteville,
North Carolina.

T. E. Miles, M. S. A., '31, is now
with the Soil Erosion Service at
Meridian, Mississippi. He formerly
taught agriculture in Puerto Rico.

C. N. Watson, '29, is now teach-
ing vocational agriculture in Hilo,
Hawaii. Mr. Watson has been in
Hawaii since leaving the University
and reports that he is very interest-
ed in his work.

C. B. Van Cleef, '24, is now head
of the propagating department of
the Monticello Nursery Company at
Monticello, Florida. He received his
M. S. in '26, and was at one time,
greenhouse foreman for the Florida
Experiment Station. Recently he
married Miss Caroline Orman of

Howard E. Van Arsdale, '34, is the
foreman of the CCC camp at Grace-
ville, Florida. This camp is en-
gaged in soil erosion work.

August Van Epoel, '22, prominent
in the dairy industry of Tampa,
was recently appointed chairman
of the Agricultural Committee of the
Tampa Chamber of Commerce.

Dr. Austin Cary, one of the
foremost foresters of America
and a fellow in the Society of
American Foresters, died sud-
denly Tuesday, April 28, on the
University Campus. Dr. C'ary
was alert to the opportunities of
forestry education in Florida and
had recently lectured to the stu-
dents of forestry at the Uni-
versity. The students will always
be reminded of his quaint New
England precepts and of his rug-
ged individual personality.

Alfred Guy, '34, is teaching vo-
cational agriculture at Columbia,
North Carolina. After his gradua-
tion, he was instructor in poultry
husbandry at the University dur-
ing the 1935-36 session. Since then,
until his recent appointment, he
had been working on his M. A. de-
gree at Ames, Iowa.

S. C. Brewster, '33, is the voca-
tional agriculture teacher at Poplar
Branch, North Carolina.

J. C. Brown, '23, M. A. E., '31, is
teaching vocational agriculture at
Waynesville, North Carolina.

M. R. Bedsole, B.S.A.E., '29, M.S.
A., '31, is teaching vocational agri-
culture at Burgan, North Carolina.

J. W. Richards, '31, is teaching
vocational agriculture at Bostic,
North Carolina.

2,000 to 4-H Summer Camps
The camping season for 4-H club
girls and boys will open June 15.
Two thousand 4-H boys and girls,
representing 43 counties in the
State, will attend either Camp Tim-
poochee or Camp McQuarrie.
Camp McQuarrie, the Central
Florida 4-H club camp located near
Astor, has undergone a winter of
many improvements. The summer
program for this camp follows:
June 15-20-Marion, Levy and
Citrus County girls.
June 22-27-Lake, Union, Orange
and Seminole County boys.
June 29-July 4-St. Johns, Duval,
Putnam, Flagler, Volusia boys.
July 6-11-Brevard, St. Lucie and
Seminole County girls.
July 13-18-Volusia, Orange and
Clay County girls.
July 20-25-Alachua and Marion
County boys.
July 27-31-Pasco, Charlotte, Lee,
DeSoto, and Hernando County boys.
August 3-7-Dade, Palm Beach,
Okeechobee, Highlands, Brevard,
and Hardee County boys.
August 10-15-Madison, Liberty,
Suwannee, Columbia, and Taylor
County boys.
August 17-21-Okeechobee, High-
lands, and Hardee County girls.
Camp Timpoochee will open her
ninth camping season this summer
with the following program:
June 15-20-Walton County boys
and girls.
June 22-27-Santa Rosa and
Okaloosa County boys and girls.
June 29-July 4-Jackson County
boys and girls.
July 6-10-Jefferson County boys
and girls.
July 20-25-Escambia County
boys and girls.
July 27 31 Holmes and Gulf
County boys and girls.
August 3-7-Washington, Bay and
Liberty County boys and girls.
Camp Timpoochee's staff will be
composed of Mr. R. W. Blacklock,
Mr. J. Lee Smith, Aubrey Duns-
combe and Wilmer Bassett. The
staff at Camp McQuarrie will be
composed of Mr. R. W. Blacklock,
Mr. W. T. Nettles and G. T. Huggins.
With this full program, 4-H camps
will have a very interesting summer.

Page 12

June, 1936


Livestock Show is Great Success

The fifth annual Little Interna-
tional Live Stock Show, poultry dis-
play and rodeo, held at the Univer-
sity of Florida near the Radio Sta-
tion attracted more than 1,000 visit-
ors from Central Florida and cul-
minated a year's work by students
in the Animal Husbandry Depart-
ment. It was held Saturday night,
April 25.
Dan Allen of Tampa and W. W.
Matthews of Ponce de Leon walked
away with grand championship
honors in the beef and dairy classes.
Allen was awarded a gold trophy
by Jones-Chambliss of Jacksonville,
and he also won a trip to the Inter-
national Live Stock Show to be held
in Chicago next December, which is
offered by Swift and Company.
Matthews received a silver trophy
from the Florida Theatre in Gaines-
ville, and also won a trip to the Na-
tional Dairy Show to be held in
Dallas, Texas.

Many Entries Judged
Three classes of dairy animals
and six of beef cattle drew 31 en-
tries. In the Poultry Show, held in
connection, 34 chickens and 40
dozen eggs were displayed by stu-
dents in Poultry Husbandry. Each
student groomed, fitted, trained and
showed his animal selected from
herds of the College of Agriculture
and the Experiment Station.
Visitors were welcomed to the
Show by Dean Wilmon Newell.
Grover Howell, of Gainesville, Pres-
ident of the Toreador Club, which
sponsored the event, presided dur-
ing the show proper.
Winners in the beef classes,
judged by Dr. A. L. Shealy, Dr. W.
G. Kirk and W. J. Sheely, were:
Beef bulls, Dan Allen of Tampa, and
George Smoak of Gainesville; Here-
ford calves, G. A. Tucker, Bunnell;
Hereford heifers, Hugo Leslie of
Lake City and A. L. Henley of
DeFuniak Springs; Hereford cows,
Dan Allen and Wayne Dean of St.
Petersburg; Angus yearling heifers,
O. W. Struthers of Winter Haven
and R. F. Tucker of Bunnell; Angus
cows, C. L. Townsend of Bell and
G. L. Tucker.
In the dairy classes, all animals
shown were Jerseys. They were
judged by Dr. R. B. Becker, Dr. W.
M. Neal and Hamlin L. Brown. Win-
ners included the following: Calves,
Miss Kay Wheeler of Penney Farms,
and W. W. Matthews of Ponce de

Leon; Heifers, E. R. Tyner of Laurel
Hill and Herbert Henley of De
Funiak Springs; Cows, W. W. Mat-
thews and M. C. Roche of Vernon.

Eggs and Poultry
O. P. Wells, Gainesville poultry-
man, judged the chickens and F. W.
Risher of the State Marketing Bu-
reau in Jacksonville selected win-
ners in the egg exhibit. Classes and
winners in the display of birds
Leghorn cocks, J. W. Williams of
Tampa and T. T. McKnight of
Gainesville; Leghorn hens, W. S.
Valentine of Leesburg; R. I. Red
cocks, S. Holding of Dania and Dan
Allen; Plymouth Rock cocks, L.
Germain of Jacksonville, and M. C.
Williams of Eustis. The bird shown
by Valentine was grand champion.
Eggs were displayed by classes
as white or brown and as large,
medium or small. Winners included
the following students, by classes:
Large white, T. H. McRorie of Jack-
sonville, and E. E. Bone of Gaines-
ville; Medium white, J. C. Driggers
of Wauchula; Large brown, J. T.
McKnight of Gainesville, and W. H.
Kendrick of Noma; Medium brown,
M. C. Roche of Vernon, and 0. K.
Moore of Marianna.
In the rodeo the Tucker brothers
of Bunnell captured honors in rid-
ing the wild steers. G. A. winning
first and R. F., second. The steers
were furnished by L. K. Edwards,
prominent Marion County cattle-
man. Hugo Leslie of Lake City and
Edwin Turlington of Gainesville
proved most adept at milking wild
cows. Jeff Davis of Mount Pleasant
and W. E. Bishop of Aucilla won the
barrel race.
L. K. Edwards, Jr., of Irvine, and
R. H. Cato of Alachua, were in
charge of the rodeo.

JaclsonvUill CJ

a -

Alpha Zeta

Alpha Zeta, honorary agricultural
fraternity, which selects its mem-
bers on the basis of scholarship and
leadership, recently initiated its
latest pledges. Ten outstanding
men, all from the sophomore class,
were tendered Alpha Zeta bids. This
is an exceptionally large number to
be pledged from one class, and
speaks well for the class of '38. The
following men were pledged: W. E.
Bishop, J. H. Jones, C. D. Kime, S.
P. Marshall, W. W. Matthews, J. T.
McKnight, R. F. Tucker, W. S. Val-
entine, J. C. Driggers, and J. B.
Weaver. These men were formally
initiated on April 28.
Annual election of officers was
held on Tuesday night, April 7. W.
H. Krome was elected Chancellor,
succeeding Victor Nettles. Frank
Bennett, Censor; J. L. Barton,
Scribe; John Causey, Treasurer;
and Geo. F. Westbrook, Chronicler,
were the others elected. Chancellor
Krome is well known in the Ag Col-
lege, and Alpha Zeta should flourish
under his leadership.
There has been some discussion
of reviving the former custom of
awarding honorary tokens to soph-
omores with high scholastic aver-
ages. This custom was dropped
some years ago because of a limited
treasury. However, Alpha Zeta is
anxious to make some effort to
honor scholastic achievements and
to promote a greater interest in
class work, so this or a similar plan
may be adopted in the near future.
Alpha Zeta is a leadership frater-
nity, and such a plan will do much
to encourage leadership.

LIBERTY! The Liberty Future Farm-
ers have formed a cooperative fer-
tilizer buying organization and pur-
chased 300 tons of fertilizer at a
saving of $4 per ton.


I -

Page 13

June, 1936



Why We Have 4-H Club Work
By W. T. NETTLES, District Agent

Every great movement that has
grown and developed has back of it
some fundamental purpose and hu-
man need.
The 4-H club was born during a
great agricultural crisis in the South.
The boll weevil had invaded the
South and no method at that time
had been developed to control this
pest. The agricultural leaders of the
South were putting every effort into
trying to get the farmers to develop
a more diversified agriculture. In
other words, to grow more livestock,
feed and other cash crops, besides
cotton. However, our agricultural
leaders made very little headway-
these cotton farmers had been farm-
ing on an all-cotton program for
generations and it was not an easy
matter to change them even in the
face of disaster.
About this time someone had the
happy thought that if we could get
the boys on the farm interested in
this new program, maybe we could
get somewhere.
So the idea of a diversified agri-
culture was taken to these farm boys
first, by growing an acre of good
corn, following the most approved
cultural methods. Then followed
purebred pigs, dairy calves, beef
calves, better poultry, etc., until the
4-H club work covered every activ-
ity of agriculture.
The way these farm boys respond-
ed to the problem presented to them
is one of the romances in the devel-
opment of agriculture in America.
These boys demonstrated to their
daddies how to raise more corn and
produce it more economically. They
demonstrated the value of better
livestock. In other words, these
boys brought to the farm the story
of a new agriculture and we can
safely say that what progress the
South has made in the development
of better livestock and a more pro-
gressive method of farming is due
largely to the enthusiastic response
of these farm boys between the ages
of 10 and 20 who have been organ-
ized into what we term 4-H clubs.
The story of 4-H club girls is
similar to that of the boys. Start-
ing with the canning of tomatoes
around 25 years ago, the activities
of these rural girls has grown to
cover every activity of the farm
home, including health, clothing,
beautification of the home, the de-
velopment of their social life, as

well as a full pantry of fruits, vege-
tables, meats and many other good
things that go to make life worth-
Now, just a word about these 4-H's
and we will see some of the other
and perhaps larger reasons why we
have 4-H clubs. These 4-H's stand
for the development of the head,
hand, heart and health. Through
their organizations and club acti-
vities, in addition to developing a
better agricultural and rural home
'ife, these 4-H boys and girls are de-
veloping a finer citizenship-making
themselves more capable, learning
the lessons of cooperation and group
thinking. As these boys and girls
grow to manhood and womanhood
and take their places in the life of
their respective communities, they
will be better prepared to be of
more efficient service, and in the
meantime, have had the opportunity
to live a larger life and feel that they
have been doing something worth-
These are some of the reasons
why we have 4-H club work.

Aggies Participate
In Many Activities
Outside of Classes

The Agricultural College encour-
ages the extra-curricular activities
among its students. It is realized
that amusement, entertainment, and
qualities of leadership, things of a
nature not ordinarily given in the
classroom, play an important part
in the education and development
of the college student. For this rea-
son, the Ag College is peculiarly
rich in a variety of organizations
of different types and purposes.
The Choral Club, heard bi-weekly
on the Florida Farm Hour radio
program, is one of the newer clubs
in the college. In the fall of 1935 a
number of faculty members and
students began singing after Ag
Club meetings. Soon, enough were
interested that tryouts were held
and the Choral Club was organized.
The Club is much indebted to Miss
Cleva Carson, instructor of music in
the P. K. Yonge Laboratory School,
who kindly consented to help out
by training and directing it.
Another of the newer clubs in the
College is the Newell Entomological
Society. It is named for Dean Wil-

mon Newell of the Agricultural Col-
lege in recognition of his achieve-
ments in the field of entomology.
Members of this club are interested
in entomology. Regular meetings
are held and well known speakers
are heard when available.
Thyrsus is the honorary fratern-
ity for students majoring in horti-
Alpha Zeta is the honorary lead-
ership fraternity in the College.
Students from all departments are
included in the membership of this
The Forestry Club was organized
with the inauguration of the new
Forestry Department in the Ag Col-
lege. Many speakers have been
heard, and several interesting trips
made by the members of this club.
The Florida College Farmer
hardly needs to be explained. It is
our Ag College publication, with stu-
dents from all departments on its
Toreador is an organization of
students who are very much inte-
rested in livestock work. As a part
of the Ag College week-end, April
24-25, Toreador staged the Little In-
ternational Livestock Show and
Rodeo on the University grounds
on Saturday evening. The show was
free and no donations were asked.
All the work on the details of the
show were done by members.
The Agricultural Club is the all-
College Club, including all students
in the college regardless of their ma-
jor subjects. One purpose of the
Club is to mold the students into a
unit for discussion and entertain-
ment. Another is to give all stu-
dents a chance to develop their
qualities of leadership, poise and
As part of the Ag Club functions,
the students enjoy an annual bar-
becue, an annual fish fry and an
annual outing as guests of the 4-H
girls at the Florida State College
for Women, at Tallahassee. Meet-
ings are held weekly with some-
thing of interest on every program.
Extra-curricular activities con-
tribute a great deal to the rounding
out of our education and develop-
ment.--Juliet H. Carrington.

WALNUT HILL The Walnut Hill
F.F.A. members have set out 1,340
pine trees on the school campus.

GONZALEZ! The Gonzalez Chapter
F.F.A. is sponsoring a number of
demonstrations with soil-improving
crops on their 40-acre farm.

Page 14

June, 1936


Parents Aid in 4-H Club Work

The boys and girls of the 4-H
clubs have become a mighty army-
a million strong. The story of their
efforts and achievements has been
told in the press and over the radio
until there are but few indeed who
do not know the story of the HEAD-
do not wish to detract from the
glory and the honor due the boys
and girls for their labor, their
courage and their perseverance, but
back of every boy and girl is a
father and a mother. Without the
active inspiration of their parents,
the boys and girls could not have
done the job so well. In handing
out the awards in 4-H club work, the
prizes and the glory go to the boys
and girls, while the fathers and
mothers and their unselfish assist-
ance are forgotten. They are happy
and content in the success of their
There never has been a time since
its beginning when club work had
as much to offer the farm boy and
girl as it has today. The present
seems to be a time for trying new
plans. Agriculture is groping for
ways to improve the condition of
the farmer. New methods may be
worked out by anyone but must be
tried and tested on the farms and in
the farm homes. No one can say
that any new method will work. All
must be tested. Club work is a
wonderful laboratory for testing
new methods in agriculture and for
developing future farmers who can
use the new methods in an efficient
With so much at stake for agricul-
ture, parents have a vital interest in
promoting 4-H club work. Over 20
years' experience has taught us that
before real progress was made and
worthwhile results achieved by a
4-H boy or girl, both parents were
doing their best to encourage and
assist. Parents must realize that
club work is education applied in a
practical way. As the schools re-
quire sympathetic cooperation of
the parents, so in a greater degree
club work needs their help.
There is nothing compulsory in
the 4-H program. The members
join because they want to do so. In
many cases the club project is the
first opportunity of the boy or girl
to demonstrate the ability to do a
piece of work on his or her respon-

sibility. If the first attempt is a suc-
cess, bigger and more difficult jobs
will not frighten them, while if a
failure is made the boy or girl is
liable to lose youth's most priceless
possession-faith in themselves.
The parents' place in 4-H club
work is to encourage and aid their
children make a success of their
club work, not by doing the work
for them, but by supplying what is
needed for the project begun and
after that encouraging the club
member to stay with the job until
it is finished.


JAY! The Jay Chapter has organ-
ized a first aid club for treating sick
farm animals; 350 sick animals have
been treated, with a very low mor-

The Florida College Farmer will
be even better in 1936-37. Sub-
scribe now.

The 4-H club motto: To Make the
Best Better.

Ruth Durrenberger, fo r e r
Orange County 4-H club girl who
graduated at Florida State College
for Women a year ago, has been
chosen for a year of study and re-
search work in the U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture in Washington.
She was awarded the Payne fellow-
ship of $1,000 for this purpose, and
will make the study during 1936-37.

A new 4-H club magazine is be-
ing launched in Florida by an
Orlando concern.

Club work gives boys and girls a
chance to develop themselves and
train themselves for future useful-
ness and a fuller life.

Four issues packed full of inter-
esting reading are promised by The
Florida College Farmer for next
year. Subscribe now, and be sure
to get all issues.

Patronize Florida College Farmer
advertisers. They are interested in

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what you put into the land
and what comes out of the land
in marketable crops that repre-
sents your success as grower and
farmer. NACO Brand Fertiliz-
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Send for booklet

Jackson Grain Co.
State Distributors


Page 15

June, 1936


Landscaping the Rural Home

It is quite obvious that the day of
the clean-swept yard has passed.
The broom-sedge brush is no longer
so essential to the upkeep of the
spaces between numerous flower
beds enclosed by worn automobile
tires. The upturned, half-buried
bottles that used to be so splendid
for bordering walks and flower
beds are no longer to be seen.
Farmers today are rearranging the
appearance of their homes. There
is new interest in planting things
besides marketable crops. Through
this renewal and increased interest,
the entire family has found a great-
er and deeper appreciation of their
Yes, we want to make our homes
as beautiful as possible, but we need
a few ideas about landscaping to
make the most of what we have. Let
us consider a few facts essential to
good landscaping before we begin
to rearrange our yards. As in any
other undertaking, a definite aim is
to be sought, problems are to be
solved, and plans must be well un-
derstood. This does not mean that
a person has to spend a great deal
of time on such a project. Careful
planning before planting does, how-
ever, reduce the number of mistakes.

Front Yard First
In considering the landscaping of
the rural home, let us begin with the
most important area around the
house-the front yard. This area
should present a pleasing effect, and
should be in harmony with the
house as well as surrounding terri-
tory. First, let us clear up the matter
about flower beds. It is a common
error to plant numerous flower beds
about the yard The effect is pleas-
ing while the flowers are in bloom,
but, unfortunately, most plants are
annuals and soon flower and die.
This leaves a very barren effect
about the place, the beds remaining
naked for several months. Let us
remember this point and pass on to
the shrubby plants in the yard.
Specimen plants set out at random
in the yard present a jagged effect.
Plants should be arranged harmo-
niously, so as to appear natural and
at home in their new surroundings.
Having considered these two main
points, let us now see what we can
do about them. Let's take stock and
see what we have to work with.
You will be surprised to find that
there are so many plants about the


place. The best thing to do is to
jot down, on a piece of paper, the
kind and number of shrubs around
the house as a check list. There
will be several that will not lit into
the plan with any amount of suc-
cess. Don't use them!
Now we are ready to begin our
plans. It is quite a simple thing if
one will keep in mind the size,
shape and color of the shrubs. On
a large piece of paper, we will first
sketch in the outline of the house
in about the position that it oc-
cupies on the property to be con-
sidered. Now is the time to decide
whether we want the planting to be
formal or informal. That is a mat-
ter for each family to consider. It
depends a great deal on the style of
the house and the type of plants to
be used. In either case, let's ar-
range the plants around the found-
ation of the house and along the
edges of the yard. We shall reserve
the main part of the yard for a lawn
with the shrubs around it to secure

Foundation Planting
In considering the foundation
plants, we shall use a mixture of
tall and dwarf, light and heavy fo-
liaged plants. It is always best to
put the largest and heavier foliaged
plants to the back, to serve as a
background for the smaller plants.
Never plant an erect, fast growing
shrub under a window because it
will soon hide it and exclude light
and air. Foundation plantings
should serve as anchors to hold the
house down; not as a screen to hide
it. Arrange the taller plants to the
sides of such openings and the cor-
ners of the house. Don't, however,
use plants that are out of harmony
with the scheme. In front of these
taller plants, we will place the
smaller herbaceous perennials or
dwarf shrubs. If a mass planting
of one type is to be used, the same
principle applies.
The lines should never be straight
and monotonous, but made of gentle
curves, which create little bays.
These bays are often made very at-
tractive by planting bulbous plants
at the borders. They are small and
do not take up much room, but
present a colorful effect when in
Now is a good time to mention
trees and their value. If trees are
already growing and are in good

condition, by all means let them
stay. If, however, you wish to add
some trees, let's consider some de-
ciduous trees, as well as the ever-
greens. In considering the value of
a deciduous tree, that is, one that
sheds its leaves in fall, let's not be
influenced too much by its naked
appearance during the winter
months. It is very obliging, for if
planted near the house it allows
warm sunlight to bathe the part of
the house that would be otherwise
shaded and cold if the trees were
an evergreen. Another thing, there
is no more faithful evidence of
Spring than the budding of deci-
duous trees and shrubs. Many of
the trees are very attractive in
Spring for their mass of color while
in bloom. Flowering dogwood,
Cynoxylon florida, is a good ex-
ample. The Red Bud or Judas Tree,
Cercis canadensis, is another. There
are numerous such deciduous trees
that will grow well and be quite at
home if transplanted from the ham-
mock or woods during the winter
months, their dormant season.
In considering the fence row or
side boundaries of the yard, one
may choose from several types and
plantings. If the yard is to be en-
closed for privacy, taller shrubs and
small trees should be used for the
background with irregular plant-
ings of smaller shrubs in front.
Borders of annual flowers may be
worked in effectively. If the
entire setting is to present an open
effect, smaller plants should be
used. The number of plants may
be reduced, too. The walks may
be bordered by very small, slow-
growing plants or left sheer with
the lawn.
Now let us visualize what we have
done. We have cleaned the front
yard of everything but a green
lawn, and have planted the shrubs
and herbaceous perennials to the
sides as a frame. Like magic, the
entire setting has changed. In place
of a small, over-crowded yard, we
now have a spacious one enclosed
by borders of shrubs.
Side Yards Next
The hardest task is finished, for we
have rearranged the most important
area about the rural home-the
front yard. We will now consider
the side areas. They present their
own problems, but not nearly so
great as the front yard. They also
(Continued on page 17)

Page 16


June, 1F336


Landscaping the Rural Home
(Continued from page 16)

offer several advantages. If there
is enough space, here is the ideal
spot for the flower beds and rock
gardens. In considering the shrubs
about the foundations, the same
principles apply on the sides as did
on the front area.

Now let us consider flower beds.
We should select a good location,
for annual flowers require more at-
tention than shrubs and herbaceous
perennials. A sunny location is to
be desired, with fairly good soil.
Now we will have all annuals in one
location and they will be much
easier to work. To enjoy the loveli-
ness of the flowers in bloom, they
should be seen from a distance in-
stead of being the first thing one
notices about a home, when viewing
it for the first time. It makes one
wish to go back to the garden and
have a better look-it is inviting.

Arrangement of the beds depends
upon the individual home, and the
space allotted. The main things to
consider are harmony of color and
height of plants. Place dwarf
plants to the elges with a graduation
to the tallest in the center or in rear
of the beds.

The Back Yard
Now that we have considered the
problems of the front yard and the
side areas, let us take up the prob-
lems of the service area. This is
one section to which little attention
is given. Let us enclose this area
so that it will not mar the beauty
of other parts, but yet will be at-
tractive as well as useful. Here pro-
vision must be made for the gar-
bage pail, the wood box, and the
clothesline. Provision fcr a rear en-
trance must be made. This is usually
(lone by having a driveway to the
rear, connected with a walk to the
back porch. The space should be
carpeted with lawn, with no inter-
ruption by plants. It should serve
its purpose as intended-a service
area. The garbage pail may be
mounted on a stand, the wood box
constructed with a roof to protect
its contents, and the clotheslines
stretched over an area free of walks,
branches or trees.
It is remarkable to see what
wonders can be unfolded in the ap-
pearance of the rural home by a
little planning and a little stimu-

late interest. The work is well
worth one's effort and the results
are astounding. Let's all see vhat
we can do to improve our own

Four Volumes on Concrete
Presented to Library

The Experiment Station Library
has just received a set of the latest
references on Portland Cement and
Concrete from the Portland Cement
Association. This trade organiza-
tion has as its objective the im-
provement and extension of the
uses of portland cement and con-
crete through research and educa-
tion. In presenting this gift, Hugh
R. Roberts, Field Engineer for the
Association, stated that the volumes
will be kept up-to-date with the
most recent publications released.
This set of four bound volumes will
always be available in the Station
library; another set has been pre-
sented to the College of Engineering

Students will find these refer-
ences a wonderful source of infor-
mation for the preparation of term
papers and theses. Teachers will
find many useful modern texts to
fit courses in architecture and
structural design. Everyone plan-
ning to build a home should find a
solution to his demand for beauty,
permanence and fire-safety in more
than 100 designs, plans and sugges-
tions for houses of all architectural
types and price classes--$1,500,
$2,500, $4,000, $6,000 and up, in
beautifully illustrated booklets
which can be had for the asking.

The history and development of
cements is traced from the dawn of
civilization to the oldest known ex-
isting concrete structures-a 70-mile
aqueduct built by the Carthaginians
and Romans, and a concrete dome
142 feet in diameter built 1800 years
ago in the Pantheon at Rome. Then,
the beginning of improvement with
John Smeaton's first attempt at arti-
ficially controlled portland cement
in 1756, to the day in 1928 when
Thomas A. Edison walked slowly
across a freshly placed block of
modern concrete in Henry Ford's
museum at Greenfield, near De-
troit, Michigan. Thus was pre-
served for posterity remembrances
of a man to whom the world owes
eternal homage-he gave us light;
he also manufactured portland ce-

Graduation Photos ....

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Page 17

June, 1936


Cho-Cho Conquers His Baby Chick Problems

An old model-T Ford came chug-
ging down the lane and "Chick"
Johnson immediately recognized
the rattler as one belonging to "Cho-
Cho" Gillon, a stubborn old poultry
raiser who lived about five miles
down the road. Cho-Cho possessed
Victorian ideas about the arts of
poultry raising and he was an ex-
cellent example of the old adage
"You can't teach an old dog new
"Hello, Cho-Cho, what can I do
for you?" asked Chick, after the car
had safely come to a halt and its
quaint occupant had stepped forth.
"Well, Chick," replied Cho-Cho,
"them dad-blamed chicks of mine
ain't paying a lick and they are
dying off just like they had grudges
agin me, so I finally took the bull
by the horns and here I be to learn
all about this new-fangled poultry
"Well," answered Johnson, "if
you will remember what I tell you
and practice it, you can soon put
your poultry business back on a
paying basis as I have mine. One of
the first essentials in growing good
profitable poultry is to hatch early
-the three months of February,
March, and April are the best. The
early hatched pullet gets a good
start before hot weather begins. She
develops rapidly through the sum-
mer months and comes into produc-
tion in the early fall, thus produc-
ing lots of eggs during the period
when high egg prices are received.
Another reason for early hatching is
the better prices received for cock-
erels. Another feature that runs
right along with early hatching is
clean eggs and chicks. Hatching
eggs and chicks should be obtained
only from reputable establishments
that have good strains. Do not think
the cheapest chickens are the best,
for usually they are more expen-
sive in the long run. You under-
stand what I am talking about, don't
"Wal, yes. But I always thought
a chick was a chick, and they all
had feathers," retorted Cho-Cho.
"But maybe I was wrong, because
otherwise I wouldn't be where I
Johnson, continuing with his
story, said, "Now the next thing is
the brooder house. By the way, Cho-
Cho, how do you care for your

brooder house, or maybe you don't
have one?"
"Oh, yes," replied Gillon, "I got
one, and I figger what is good
enough for me is good enough for
my chickens, so I don't take no care
of it."
"That is where you are making a
big mistake," exclaimed Chick.
"One of the most important essen-
tials is that of a clean brooder
house. The interior should be
cleaned and disinfected thoroughly
before each new crop of chicks is
put in, and it should also be cleaned
once a week during the entire
brooding season. When the chicks
are turned out on land the brooder
house should be cleaned and freed
from disease. If the land is left for
at least one year without having
chickens run on it and has been
kept free of chicken manure it is
then considered clean. Well drained
soil such as Florida abundantly pos-
sesses is best for a chick range.
"Next comes another feature that
is of prime importance, and that is
a balanced ration. Before I started
using mash, grains, green feed, oys-
ter shell, charcoal, grit, and water,
as regular feeds. I used to be bother-
edwith hawks. I expectyou are now,
Well, the other day I saw a hawk
chasing one of my baby chicks and
I stopped and watched to see the re-
sult of my new feeding system. The
chick didn't appear to be frightened
in the least, but waited until the
hawk had him practically in his
claws, then that little chick turned
around and let loose with the pret-
tiest left hook that you ever did see.
The blow was so powerful that the
big bad hawk fell on the ground
dead to the world. Mr. Chick then
proceeded to jump upon him and
finish up a good job. I guess the
hawks have learned to keep away
from my place as I have seen only
this one around here where there
used to be dozens. Now this little
tale will show you the advantage
of good feed in building up good
"Last but not least in the effort to
obtain good results in raising good
chicks is the separation of the pul-
lets from the cockerels. This allows
the normal development of the pul-
"Now, Cho-Cho, what I have been
telling you I learned from the Flor-

program and from this knowledge I,
with many other Florida poultry-
men, have been able to improve my
flock and cut down its mortality
rate to less than 10 per cent. Now
remember that a chain is only as
strong as its weakest link, so don't
try to economize on any of the fact-
ors that I have been telling you
about and I am sure you will have
no more baby chick troubles. If you
are interested in enrolling in this
program see your county or home
demonstration agent, or write to the
Extension Service at Gainesville."
Cho-Cho seemed to see his salva-
tion in what he had learned, so he
exuberantly replied, "Hot diggety,
just as soon as I can twist Onoma-
topia's tail, she and I are hitting the
trail to become members of the
paign. Chickies, here comes your

National Adviser Will
Attend State Convention

J. A. Linke, Chief of Agricultural
Education and National Adviser,
Future Farmers of America, is to at-
tend the eighth Annual State. Con-
vention of the Florida Association,
F.F.A., which will be held in Gaines--
ville, June 16, 17, and 18, 1936.
A complete program of business
and entertainment will be given to
the F.F.A. boys who attend this
convention, including such contests
as public speaking, diamond ball,
livestock judging, quartette singing,
and swimming.
A banquet to be held Thursday
night, June 18, will conclude the
activities of the convention. Dr.
John J. Tigert, President of the Uni-
versity of Florida, will be the main
speaker on this occasion.
Much interest has been shown
regarding the convention and if the
trend continues, this will be the
largest and best convention of its
kind ever to be held in Florida.

FT. MEADE! The Ft. Meade Chapter
has recently established a roadside
market where they are selling the
produce from their projects coop-

GREENSBORO! The Greensboro chap-
ter recently sponsored a coopera-
tive hog sale. The value of the hogs
marketed was $17,000.

Page 18

June, 1936


4-H Club Work
(Continued from page 3)

courage to start a "Go-to-College
Fund" as soon as she enrolls in club
work, and from year to year add to
this fund. When she is ready for
college, many a girl has a bank ac-
count to draw on to help finance
herself through her years in college.
The same thing holds for boys.
It is evident that club work is
coming to mean more than improve-
ment of agriculture or home making.
In making these subjects attractive
to the youth, we have observed one
of the greatest laws of psychology,
namely, to make the work we give
them a worthwhile work, to do
something that needs to be done, to
give them a challenging job- a
man's job-something in the ac-
complishment of which they will
render service and which will bring
them praise. The work has been
strengthened through play, games,
songs, and yells, social contacts,
meetings, exhibits, pageantry, and
contests. Accuracy, sportsmanship,
service and the will to do have
been taught through these.
In bringing farm boys and girls
together in clubs, they are taught

cooperation and group action. So it
has come about that the secondary
effects of 4-H club work equal or ex-
ceed in importance the primary
purpose of improving agriculture
and home making. These secondary
effects could not have been secured,
however, without doing the actual
worthwhile demonstration work in
agriculture and home economics.
Where club members undertake
demonstrations, they grow mentally
and in craftsmanship. When they
tell of their work and experiences,
their difficulties and accomplish-
ments, at their club meetings or
rally days, they grow in their abil-
ity to use language and express
themselves. When they write their
reports and study the costs and in-
come, they grow in knowledge of
economics. When they enter into
contests with other groups they
grow in a knowledge of the value
of cooperation and in the art of
getting along with other people.
These are all educational matters
relating to the child in which the
public is interested, and it is the
duty of the home demonstration
workers, as leaders, to develop this
work. They try to place it within
the reach of every rural boy and girl
and provide adequate leadership

for them. Theirs is the responsi-
bility for a forward looking, ex-
panding program that they hope in
the near future shall reach every
rural boy and girl in Florida.

HOMESTEAD! The Homestead Chap-
ter has just harvested a 20-acre co-
operative Irish potato project.

TALLAHASSEE! The State Future
Farmer Adviser reports that Father
and Son banquets have been held
recently at Apopka, Allentown,
Altha, Wauchula, Hawthorne, Lib-
erty, Baker, Sopchoppy, Ponce de
Leon, Alachua, Lake City, Aucilla,
Chiefland, Oviedo, Trenton, Bristol,
Greensboro, Mason, Sanford, Laurel
Hill, Jay, Ft. Meade, LaCrosse, P. K.
Yonge, Bethlehem, Largo, Malone,
and Hastings.

REDDICK! The Reddick Chapter
F.F.A. has introduced green corn
as a new cash crop; 500 acres have
been planted by 40 different farm-

ALLENTOWNI The Allentown Chap-
ter F.F.A. has beautified the school
grounds by building a concrete walk
and setting out trees on the campus.

The College of Agriculture of the University of Florida

Two Years General College Followed by Two Years in Applied Agriculture
Leading to B. S. A. Degree, with Specialization in the Following Fields:

Animal Husbandry
Agricultural Engineering
Agricultural Chemistry


Only college in Southeast offering full courses in citrus and sub-tropical fruit
Department of Forestry established this session.

Ample opportunity to develop talents through extra-curricula activities.


For catalog and full information write:


June, 1936


Page 19


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June, 1936

Page 20

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