Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00015
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00015
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text


Published by Agricultural Students at the University of Florida


Vol. IV

December, 1935

No. 1

! si



No. 1

December, 1935



Give Your Crops a. Better Chance
QUALITY... that's the big market requirement this year.
It is the force that operates from the consumer to you.
And, of course, it takes quality fertilizer to produce quali-
ty crops. Ideal Fertilizers are made with that idea in
view. They have stood the test of time and use; and to-
day they are being used with satisfying confidence in
every part of Florida.

Manufactured Exclusively by
Jacksonville, Florida.

Compliments of




Jacksonville Tampa



A generation of service to
the agricultural interests of a
great State. Subscription
price $1.00 a year

Published monthly by



Page 2

The Florida College Farmer


The Florida College Farmer

Published by
Representatives of Student Organizations
College of Agriculture, University of Florida

Lloyd Rhoden ........ Editor
Wilmer W. Bassett, Jr. Associate Editor
Frank H. Rich ........ Managing Editor
Departmental Editors
Clyde Driggers, Future Farmers; Arthur M. McNeely, 4-H
Club Boys; Dot McCullough, 4-H College Girls
Jack Weaver, Ben L. Gittings, 0. Z. Revell, Phil S. Arey,
Grover Howell, Wayne Dean

Ben McLauchlin ....... Business .Manafer
Jeff Davis ........... Jsso. Business JlManaer
Dan Allen ............ Circulation Manager
W. W. Matthews ..... Asso. Circulation JMfanaer
A. J. MacGill ........ advertisingg fManager
W. E. Bishop ........ Asso. Advertising .Manager

H. H. Hume, Chairman
C. H. Willoughby J. Francis Cooper
Subscription Fifty Cents

Again, We Bow
With cooperation of all agricultural
interests-College of Agriculture,
State Home Demonstration Depart-
ment, 4-H club workers, and Fu-
ture Farmers-students of the Uni-
versity of Florida College of Agri-
culture again are able to publish
The Florida College Farmer.
This paper was founded in 1930
with the idea of serving all branches
of Florida agriculture and bringing
a closer relationship between these
various branches. For three years
the paper flourished, then due to
financial conditions publication was
suspended. After a dormant period
of two years The Florida College
Farmer now comes back to life. We
hope to serve agriculture in such
way that we will merit long con-
tinued publication. We appreciate
the generous cooperation received
on all sides.-L. R.


University Makes Rich Contributions
to Florida's Agricultural Indus-
tries-Lloyd Rhoden 5
4-H Club Trains Head, Heart, Hands
and Health-Miss Flavia Gleason --__6
The 4-H Club Boy and College-R. W.
Blacklock 7
College 4-H Club Girls Carry on Dur-
ing Summer-Margaret Delaney -__- 7
Florida Boy Wins National Honors in
Judging Swine-Douglas McCleod ----8
Largo Chapter Awarded Trophy for
Excellence-Clyde Driggers -----------8_8
Florida Well Represented at Kansas
City Convention 9
Annual Convention of Florida Future
Farmers 9
Campus Comment 10
Forestry Department Inaugurated-
Frank H. Rich 11
A. A. A. Program Stabilizes Agricul-
ture-Larry Seckinger 12
35 Danforth Fellowship Winners Gain
Knowledge and Inspiration--en
Gittings 13

With my most sincere wishes
to the

to the Students of America's
greatest asset,
Agricultural Education

President, Florida Senate

For Big Crops & Timely
Maturity at Low Cost

Most Plant-food per bag
Most crop per unit of plant-
Least labor in handling and
Lowest cost per unit of plant-
Send for booklet
State Distributors



M and N CAFE

Famous For

Western Steaks, Chops,

Sea Foods

119 E. Jefferson St.

Page 3

December, 1935

Pae4TeFoiaCleg amrDcme,13

Agricultural Skies In



S.i. Brightening

Decision to again publish the Florida College Farmer is most time-
ly. There is every indication that the "depression" in agriculture-and
in the Agricultural College as well-is over. Following substantial in-
crease in farmer purchasing power as a result of the agricultural adjust-
ment programs, farmers are much encouraged, a feeling clearly reflected
in the numbers and character of the young men now registered in our
The last Legislature, realizing the value of agriculture and of ag-
riculturally trained men as among the State's most important assets, was
liberal in its provision for the agricultural activities of the University.
Provision has been made for expanding and strengthening particularly the
work in animal industry, dairy products manufacture, poultry husbandry
and citrus culture and a Department of Forestry has been established.
It is also true that the great majority of our Agricultural College
graduates are employed and indications point to an even greater demand
for their servi: es in the future. However, thoroughness of training and
high scholarship must be emphasized-no one employs a partly trained
The student organizations in the College of Agriculture are more
active and enthusiastic than ever before. Such publications as the Col-
lege Farmer will go far to maintain such enthusiasm both on the campus
and off. The publication merits the support of all alumni and staff
members and of all those interested in a forward-looking program for ag-
riculture in Florida.
Dean and Director

December, 1935

Page 4

The Florida College Farmer

The Florida College Farmer

VOL. IV No. 1


December, 1935

University Makes Rich Contributions

To Florida's Agricultural Industries

While training in leadership has
been the greatest contribution of the
University of Florida to the state's
agriculture, forestry and livestock
industries, yet this institution has
touched and influenced the great
majority of farms and farm homes
in the state for many years. Coun-
ty and home demonstration agents
and other employees of the State
Agricultural Extension Service are
in daily contact with hundreds upon
hundreds of men and women, boys
and girls of the farms and are aid-
ing them in attaining a more stable
agriculture and a more satisfying
life. Research by the Experiment
Station has been the means of sav-
ing entire farming industries from
being wiped out in Florida.
Resident Teaching
The College of Agriculture, estab-
lished at Lake City in 1884, of
course precedes the University of
Florida as at present constituted.
It was moved to Gainesville in 1906.
Since 1909, the first year it had a
graduate under the new set-up, the
college has graduated 413 boys.
On the farms, in the fields, amid
the forests and about the ranches
of Florida these 413 and other
hundreds who took courses in agri-
culture but did not graduate are en-
gaged in employment and activities
for which they are better fitted be-
cause they learned how to lead while
they were taking courses at the col-
lege. The institution can point with
pride to them as practical proof of
the values inherent in its activities.
Federal-state Extension work in
agriculture was inaugurated in 1914
when the boll weevil threatened the
Southern cotton industry. Since
that time the force of county and
home demonstration agents have
filled a niche of usefulness touch-
ing every phase of farm and rural
home life in nearly every corner of
When emergencies have existed,
the Extension Service forces have
been called into the breach and
have delivered vigorously and effi-
ciently. Its corps of 45 county
.gents and 35 home agents. which
is being rapidly augmented because
of a greater appreciation of Pind
more widespread demand for the
se-vices, has worked assiduously on
whatever task given it, and has seen
many of'its plans come to fruition.

Through knowledge gained in
their home demonstration and 4-H
Clubs, Florida farm women and girls
have become more thrifty. They
have learned how to obtain best use
of products on hand, how to con-
struct clothing and household furn-
ishings from inexpensive materials
which often are discarded.
Truly, the Agricultural Extension
Service has served Florida farmers
and homemakers well during its 21
years of existence, and has made
contributions of which the Univer-
sity of Florida may well be proud.
It must and will continue to serve
on a broader scale as the state's
possibilities are developed into actu-
alities. With the number of farms
in the state increasing from 58,966
in 1930 to 72,857 in 1935 or 23.5
percent in five years, there is evi-
dence that farming development will
be continued.
The Experiment Station
Beginning in 1888 and continuing
in a very limited way for many
years, the Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Station has gained strength,
1nmwlerl'e and momentum until now
it is indeed a real and potent factor
in the state's agriculture.
In the 47 years of its existence,
the Experiment Station has pub-
lished and distributed 285 bulletins
ard 475 press bulletins, touching
almost every phase of the state's

The week of November 10-
16 wns observed as "Univer-
Ssity of Florida Week" through-
out the state. Particular I
stress was laid on the univer-
sity's contribution to Florida
anrriculture. livestock and for-
estry. Fifty civic clubs, from
Pensacola to Key West. held
programs in which this was
the central theme.
Speaker- included Pr-sident
John J. Tigert, Dean Wilmon I
Newell. members of the facul- I
ty in the College of Agricul-
ture, Experiment Station and I
Agricultural Extension Ser-
vice, and count" agents Thy
recounted contributions of the I
SUniversity to aericultu-e qsn I
Ithe establishment of the Col-
Ilee of Agriculture at Lake I
City in 1884, with the Experi-
ment Station being founded
there in 1888.

agricultural interests. Information
contained in these bulletins and
similar ones printed by the Exten-
sion Service has been widely used
and found helpful. In fact, much
of this knowledge has become so
completely a part of the daily work
of growers and planters that the
original source from which the in-
formation came has been entirely
lost to sight.
A few most noteworthy accom-
plishments by various departments
of the Experiment Station follow.
First alphabetically is animal hus-
bandry. Cattle have been important
in Florida's agriculture ever since
cows were first brought to this state
by the Spaniards in 1565. Yet the
industry has never made the advance-
'ncnt which would seem justified.
At last the barriers to progress in
cattle development in Florida are
being broken down. Research has
helped to turn the trick. "Salt
sick" has been conquered. Feeding
progress and quality improvements
are noted.
Next, let's look for a moment at
the field of chemistry and scils.
When the drainage work in the
Florida Everglades was completed
to the e-:tent that much land in the
area was available for cultivation,
the hopes of those sponsoring the
p-oject received a rude jo!t. It was
anticipated that the millions of acres
of muck soils would be a veritable
gardener's paradise. Alas, however,
it was -"on found that only small
areas of the muck adjacent to Lake
Okeechobee would produce crops.
The Everglades branch Experi-
ment Station came into existence,
and its chemists and plant special-
ists set th"-relves assidrouslv to the
task of findingE the trouble, remedy-
ing it and making the fertile muc1'
p-eas productive. They discovered
that the soils were in need of cop-
per Arl manganese. and whe, these
so-called rare elements are added as
fertilizer, bounteous crops can be
hr1- --tpr1l
Entomology or "bugology" is an-
o'*" ir-ortant subject in Florida.
"Fight fire with fire" long has been
an axiom. ;igh;t insect with insect
or furrs. likewise. has become a
mr-rin of workers in entornlo~ica(
research at the Experiment Station.
Consequently, natural control of
(continued on page 14)



Florida 4-H Club Boys and Girls

4--H Club Work Trains

Head, Heart, Hands, Health

In Florida, county home demon-
stration agents give at least one-third
of their time to work with girls in
the 4-H clubs. There are over
9,000 girls in Florida enrolled in
4-H club work. Parents, teachers,
and 455 local leaders are giving in-
valuable assistance to the agents
and deserve credit for much of the
interest obtained.
Membership is voluntary and is
intended for rural boys and girls
from 10 to 20 years of age.
Children on the farms and in the
farm homes are living in the midst
of farm and home operations. From
an early age they are more or less
familiar with farm and home prac-
tices and have some part in them.
Without the influence of any out-
side agency the farm children are
naturally and inevitably learning a
business for themselves. The Ex-
tension Service does not come to
force such training upon them. It
simply takes them as they are un-
dergoing farm and home work and
helps to lift the processes of the
farm and home vocations above the
plane of drudgery, to teach both
adults and children better ways of
doing things they are already doing,
and to give them a broader inter-
est and intelligence in dealing with
their farm and home problems. It
shows them that country life may
be of a worth-while type, with high
standards of personal character and
broad community service.
It is not enough to arouse inter-
est in improved practices. There
must be opportunity for self ex-
pression. Each 4-H club member
is a demonstrator. For instance the
club girl must grow vegetables, raise
poultry, can tomatoes, prepare whole-
some food, make clothing, and help
to beautify her home inside and out.
The individual club member keeps
an account of the cost of each pro-
ject and the value of the product
and is required to write a report of
the work.
To learn the value of money or
other property earned by productive
work, the function of banks and in-
surance companies, and the import-
ance of wise expenditures to make
possible a good income from work,

State Home Demonstration Agent
is worth while as a part of a child's
education. The 4-H club work starts
a girl in a business for herself by
requiring ownership of products and
proceeds of projects undertaken, and
the buying and marketing of things
used and produced.
Cooperation in effort to do wor-
thy things is also a good element in
education. It is better to have chil-
dren in classes in school rather than
to teach them singly. For the same
purpose 4-H clubs are formed. When
the clubs have meetings, the children
express themselves in the manage-
ment of the meetings. Hence they
obtain instruction in the simple
forms of organization and parlia-
mentary usage.
In any cooperative organization
with its proper competitive element,
leaders naturally and fittingly
emerge. If they do not the organi-
zation dies. We are told that one
of the greatest needs of American
agriculture and country life today is
the emergence and retention on the
farm of intelligent and capable men
and women, skilled in cooperative
leadership. The 4-H club work is
aiding in the training of more ca-
pable club members to take their
places as leaders.
One large factor in training for
leadership in agriculture and country
life is the amount of school and col-
lege education the young people on
farms can obtain. The extension
forces are encouraging club mem-
bers to go as far as they can in

such education. County and state
councils, short courses and camps
held by county agents and state
workers, together with the practice
in demonstrations which club mem-
bers get, are features contributing
to the training of farm children for
leadership. They serve principally
to stimulate ambition of natural
leaders in the club groups and to
show them some of the things they
must do to acquire and hold leader-
It is encouraging to see the in-
creased attendance at College of' 4-H
club members each year.
Through 4-H club work boys and
girls are made to have an increased
interest in patriotism, good morals,
and health from both personal and
social considerations. Their parti-
cipation in local, county and state
fairs through exhibits is one way
they express community interest.
Team demonstrations of better prac-
tices and sharing in general com-
munity activities are other important
ways of expressing such interest,
which in turn develop a genuine feel-
ing of community responsibility.
Problems of recreation for farm
children are receiving increased at-
tention in educational and other so-
cial circles. The 4-H clubs are pro-
moting recreational activities through
their songs, games and camps. They
have their slogans, badges. pennants
and other insignia. Their general
title and their four-leaf clover em-
blem are intended to show that the
4-H clubs are working in th fields
of vocation (hands). education
(head). rood fellowship (heart),
and health.
Here are some of the things boys
and girls are learning through 4-H
club work that contribute to a hap-
.pier home life: How to use care-
fully the money earned through such
activities as crop and livestock; for
the wise purchase of those furnish-
ings that make for the comfort and
happiness of the whole family; how
to repair and rearrange home fur-
nishinq to meet the convenience of
all. They learn how to prepare and
serve appetizing food attractively
and in keeping. with the dietary
(continued on page 15)

December, 1935

The Florida College Farmer

Page 6

December, 1935

The 4-H Club
By R. W.
State Boys'
To the average boy on a Florida
farm, going to college is something
to dream about when he is alone.
He is afraid even to think about
it when others are near, so im-
possible does it seem. To the 4-H
club boy a college education can
become a reality as it has to thous-
ands of other farm boys who
dreamed dreams and saw them come
The 4-H club program has been
developed to aid worth while boys
in fitting themselves to take their
places in a more intelligent and
more satisfying agricultural life. Its
aim is to give boys and girls op-
portunity to develop themselves
through their own efforts. It fur-
nishes inspiration to achieve and
gives unlimited opportunity for
achievement. We have seen Florida
4-H boys go from backwoods farms
to high positions by the 4-H way.
Club work is not a miracle work-
er. It cannot give a boy the will
to do or the ability to learn. It
can only help a boy develop him-
self. It will give inspiration and op-
portunity but cannot supply grit and
When a farm boy starts a club
project he exposes himself to op-
portunity to learn, to earn and to
achieve. Whether or not the inocu-
lation takes depends upon the boy.
In the past 20 years 4-H club
work has grown until today nearly
a million American farm boys and
girls are members. This 4-H club
work must be worth while-that
many boys and girls cannot be
wrong. The value of its program
and the assistance it offers to farm
youth have been attested so many
times that the world acknowledges
its worth. The 4-H club will stand
today as the largest and the strong-
est organization of youth in Amer-
We could tell you how 4-H pro-
ject work has enabled many boys
to earn and save money toward
a college education. Five boys en-
tered the University of Florida
in 1934 who had made and saved
enough money from club work to
pay their entrance fees. Through
club work they had won .100
scholarships given by the State
Bankers' Association which paid
their board and room for a semes-
ter. They had learned to work
and were qualified to obtain and
hold jobs which naid enough to en-
able them to finish the Freshman
year. A 4-H boy came to my of-
lice this fall to see about entering
college. He put all his profits
ihto livestock, so had no money; but
he:does have 16 dairy heifer calves
and some 20 hogs. He plans to
enter next fall and will have four
cows to sell each year which with
the sale of some 10 or 12 fat hogs

The Florida College Farmer

Boy And College
Club Agent
each year should see him
college in fine shape.
Before the determination
college can come to a boy
have the inspiration. Each y
250 of the best farm
Florida come to the Boys' 4
Course. They live in th
stories, eat in the Univers
teria, attend lectures in t
rooms and live for a week
lege atmosphere. Those v
the will to do and the a
learn get the inspiration ai
as regular college student
fall many boys drop by to
and to say how they hav
been able to make their
come true.

Students Make Trip to
Osceola Nationa
Members of the Forestry
the University of Florida
of Agriculture obtained ma
tical pointers on forest ma
and naval stores when the
the Naval Stores Experim<
tion and Osceola Nations
near Lake City recently.
Accompanied by Harold
ins, head of the forestry de
in the college, the 26 club
inspected the laboratory,
and machinery at the e:
station, toured the forest
ied trees of various ages
thinning, and fire control,
dinner with the youths at
camp in the forest.

Any time is the correct
make improvements on the

The auto driver who t
seconds is worth more than
may be a good judge of

College 4-H Club Girls
Carry on During Summer
through The F. S. C. W. 4-H Club spirit
does not expire with the closing of
to go to the regular college session in Tal-
he must lahassee. Instead, we attempt to
ear some spread our spirit and enthusiasm
boys in everywhere we go during our vaca-
i-H Short tion months.
e dormi- A number of active college 4-H
ity cafe- club girls spent parts of their vaca-
he class- tions last summer working and play-
in a col- ing with local 4-H club boys and
iho have girls.
ability to Miss Hazel Clayton attended the
id return Jefferson County 4-H Club Camp
s. Every for both boys and girls held at the
see me West Florida Camp, at Choctaw-
e finally hatchee Bay. Fifty-nine boys and
dreams the same number of girls attended
this camp. Miss Clayton conducted
a class in nutrition in this camp and
also assisted Miss Ruby Brown,
Home Demonstration Agent, in other
camp activities. Her greatest com-
pensation was the sheer fun and
joy of doing it. She reported a
good tirne while in camp.
,Miss Margaret DeLaney of Dade
County, Secretary of the College 4-H
Club, did practically the same type
of work with her Home Demonstra-
tion Agent, Miss Pansy Norton.
Their camp was held on beautiful
Miami Beach. In addition to her
-...--i-,1irn in nut-ition, she aided
Miss Norton in giving individual at-
tention to the underweight children
in camp. The results were pleasing
to all concerned.
Miss Ruth Durrenherger, a June
1935 graduate of F. S. C. W., made
one long step from college to a po-
sition with Rural Rehabilitation in
Seminole County. She served in
this capacity for 2 / months. She
is now emnloyed as Assistant Home
Demonstration Agent of Orange
Miss Dimples Turner of Dade
1 Forest County worked for two weeks in a
Club in 4-H alumnae camp, a club girls'
College camp and women's and leaders'
my prac- camp. The following three weeks
nagement she gave a series of food demon-
y visited stations to groups of women and
ent Sta- girls. Miss Turner organized 15 sum-
l Forest mer clubs in Dade County and met
with three a day the remainder of
S. New- the summer.-Margaret Delaney.
members Gentleman rider at country store:
exhibits, "I want some shorts for my hogs."
experiment Country girl: "Oh, you do, do
and stud-
and stud- you? Next thing I s'pose you'll want
and sizes a brassiere for your cow."-Ex-
and had change.
the CCC

Did you know that snow never
time to falls on 70% of the earth's surface?
When raising chicks, one should
hinks 10 always protect them from rats.
his neck These rodents have been known to
value at carry off dozens or even hundreds
of chicks in a single night.

_ ~____~_I^________I__~___

Page 7




- o- j) U

Florida Boy Wins National
Honors in Judging Swine

Oscar Watson of the Jay High
School in Santa Rosa County, Flor-
ida, knows his pigs. He is national
champion FFA swine judge, having
won the honor at the national FFA
stock judging contest in Kansas City
in October.
The livestock judging team from
the Vocational Agricultural Depart-
ment of the Jay High School, Jay,
Florida, was selected as the out-
standing team in Florida during the
State Convention held in Gainesville
lart June.
In winning first place in Florida,
the team also won the right to rep-
resent the State in competing for
national honors in the Livestock
Judging Contest sponsored by the
National Association, Future Farm..
ers of America. This was held dur-
ing the National Convention of the
Future Farmers of America, in con-
junction with the American Roval
Livestock Show at Kansas City, Mis-
The Florida team was composed
of Osnar Watson, Bob Mixon and
Lerov McCurdy and was 'oachbd
by Prof. H. T. Woodruff. The fol-
lowinp- classes of animals were in-
cluded in the contest: draft horses
n~nd rmuies, breeding hogs and fat
hoes, beef cattle, sheep, noultry
and dairy cattle. One would ex-
pect competition to be very strong

with such a wide selection of State
winners. There were approximately
125 boys from 37 States entered
in the Live;tock Judging Contest,
which represents the winners se-
lected from the 100,000 boys en-
rolled in vocational agriculture in
the United States.
Mr. Robert D. Maltby, Southern
Regional Agent for Agricultural Edu-
cation, was in charge of the Live-
stock Judging Contest in Kansas
City. In announcing the winners
during the annual banquet, Mr.
Maltby said, "Competition has been
most keen and the honors well
scattered." The boys from the Cen-
tral and Western States had the
edge on the boys from the other
sections because they were more
accustomed to fine pure-bred live-
stock. There was one boy who was
unwilling to let the Westerners steal
the whole show; that boy was Oscar
Watson, member of the Florida
Livestock Judging Team of Jay,
Florida. He was high individual in
the United States in judging all
classes of swine, being awarded
first place for this event. He was
second h';h in the United States in
judgin-' horses and mules, and in
an additional contest of mules alone,
ranked fourth.
All of Oscar's schoolmates, teach-
ers and friends are proud of the
honor which he has brought to his
state, his county, and his school.
-Douglas McLeod.

Largo Chapter Awarded
Trophy for Excellence

Although the Largo Chapter, Fu-
ture Farmers of America, is one
of the youngest chapters in Flor-
ida, it is one of the most outstand-
ing. At the close of the first year
of its organization it was awarded
a silver loving cup for being the
most outstanding chapter in the
State. It will keep the cup for one
The Largo Chapter was organized
under the supervision of Mr. W. T.
Loften, a graduate of the Univers-
ity of Florida who took the teacher-
training work under Dr. E. W.
Garris. It is Pinellas County's only
Future Farmer chapter at this time.
Since its organization the County
Commissioners have provided a sep-
arate building for the agricultural
department of the Largo High
School. The building contains class-
room, library, office for supervisor,
and a kitchen. A workshop is an-
nexed to the building.
Last year the chapter had the
largest paid membership of any
chapter in Florida. Its paid mem-
bership of 72 represented an in-
crease of 16 students over the first
year of its organization.


December, 1935

The Florida College Farmer

Page 8

December, 1935

Florida Well Represented
At Kansas City Convention

Florida was well represented at
the National Convention FFA which
was held in Kansas City, October
22 to 25, 1935. Our livestock judg-
ing team was composed of three
boys from Jay; Oscar Watson, Bob
Nixon, and Leroy McCurdy. Our
delegates were Greeley Steele of
Laurel Hill, and Lester Poucher, of
Largo. Jacques Waller, of Plant
City, was, of course, present, since
he is Student Secretary of the
National Organization of Future
Farmers of America. These boys
went to Kansas City accompanied
by H. T. Woodruff of Jay and
W. T. Loften of Largo, teachers
of Vocational Agriculture. The
party drove through in two auto-
Upon their return all of the boys
report an enjoyable trip and a
most successful one, from the stand-
point of honors earned by Future
Farmers at the national convention.
Lester Poucher, President of the
Florida Association, FFA., gave our
state report at the national con-
vention, which was well received.
Greeley Steele, our candidate for the
American Farmer Degree, was elect-
ed to this degree and given the key
of an American Farmer. This is
the highest degree in the national
organization and we are proud of
Greeley's achievement.
Jacques Waller made an enviable
record as Student Secretary of the
National Organization, FFA, and is
to be congratulated on the excellent
manner in which he handled the af-
fairs of his office.
-Douglas McLeod.

The Florida College Farmer

Page 9

Annual Convention of Florida Future
Farmers Held at Gainesville in June

State Reporter, FFA
The seventh annual State Con-
vention of the Florida Association,
Future Farmers of America, was
held in Gainesville, June 18-20,
1935. Approximately 500 boys and
teachers, representing 52 local FFA
Chapters, attended the affair.
A very extended program of busi-
ness, athletics, livestock judging,
etc., was offered for the boys' en-
Two official delegates from each
chapter together with the officers
and adviser, attended to the busi-
ness of the association.
Changes made by the delegates
called for diamond ball as the an-
nual sport instead of basket ball, al-
so the addition of a string band con-
test to the yearly program.
The main feature of the Conven-
tion was a banquet which was given
Thursday night, June 20. The toast-
master was President E. D. Tyler,
Jr., of Sanford. Hon. R. A. Gray,
Secretary of State, was the prin-
cipal speaker. During the course
of the banquet the awards were
given to the winners of the various
Teams rating highest in the judg-
ing contests were as follows:
First place, Jay; second, Greens-
boro, and third, Monticello.
Thomas Wyly of Brandon was
rated the best individual livestock
judge with Oscar Watson and Bob
Nixon, both of Jay, ranking second
and third, respectively.
The Wauchula swimming team
won first in the swimming meet
with a first and second place in
different events. Hastings had the
next highest score with two sec-
ond places.
In the harmonica contest Henry
Jowers of Largo was first, Randall

Priest of Sanford, second, and Alvin
Simmons, Homestead, third.
Wauchula also had the best quar-
tet in the contest. The Hawthorne
boys were second, with Sanford
Palmetto received the FFA State
Award Plaque for winning the dia-
mond ball contest.
Henry Conner of Gonzalez won
the public speaking contest and
competed in the Southern Regional
Public Speaking Contest which was
held in Memphis, Tennessee, Sep-
tember 5. Leslie Miley of Plant
City and Alton Sexton, Altha, were
second and third best speakers in
the State.
Five dollars in cash was donated
to John Borgard, Redland, for win-
ning the educational treasure hunt.
Bonner Carter of Sanford re-
ceived a diploma and $60 for win-
ning first place as dairy cattle judge
in the National FFA Livestock
Judging Contest, held in Kansas
City last year. This is a very re-
markable record for a Florida boy.
The Largo chapter received a
$100 silver loving cup for winning
the State FFA chapter contest. This
chapter, under the leadership of Mr.
W. T. Loften, had an excellent re-

100 Boys Attend Forestry Camp

Approximately 100 boys from the
52 Future Farmer chapters in Flor-
ida enjoyed the two weeks' camp
at O'Lena on the Santa Fe river,
August 19-31.
This camping trip was an award
given by the Florida Forest Ser-
vice to the outstanding boys in vo-
cational forestry work last year.



The Florida College Farmer


Many New Features in Ag. College
By W. DEAN members. The staff are now near
Students of the College of Ag- the site of their laboratories on the
riculture, on returning to school Experiment Station grounds.
for the 1935-36 session, were con- Another improvement is the open-
fronted by many improvements ing of the Agriculture Library in
made during the summer to keep the Horticulture Building during the
the Agriculture College abreast of evening. This has been desired for
modern educational trends in this some time, as it gives the students
state. Outstanding among improve- access to the stacks at a more sat-
ments was the reorganization of the isfactory time. A new reading room
Animal Husbandry Department. This adjacent to the stacks and main
strengthening and enlarging of the office has been opened too.
department was brought about by
a moderate increase of funds and The College At A Glance
a more liberal attitude regarding By J. B. WEAVER
Experiment Station men doing some One of the outstanding schools
teaching. Dr. A. L. Shealy, fore- on the campus, not in numbers
most authority on animal husbandry, alone but in opportunities presented
has been placed at the head of to its graduates, is the College of
the new department. Under the re- Agriculture of the University of
Agriculture of the University of
organization Dairying, Poultry Hus- Florida.
bandry, and Veterinary Science have Most of the 1934 graduates are
been brought into the department. now employed in some form of
The teaching staff now consists technical agriculture in the State of
of the following: Prof. C. H. Wil- Florida, and with the field ever
loughby, Dr. R. B. Becker, Mr. W. broadening the opportunities for
W. Henley, Dr. A. L. Shealy, Prof. service in the future should be even
P. T. Dix Arnold, Dr. W. M. Neal, greater.
Prof. O. W. Anderson, Prof. N. R. There are 168 students enrolled
Meh- hof, Dr. D. A. Sanders and Dr. in the college. These are from 88
M. W. Emmel. O. W. Anderson, communities of 42 counties in the
M. S. in Poultry Husbandry from State, and one foreign country.
Rutgers, is a new instructor. The men on the faculty are well
Another important addition to the trained teachers giving themselves
College was a Department of For- wholeheartedly and enthusiastically
estry. This department offers a to the training of the future agri-
two-year curriculum in forest ran- cultural leaders of this great State.
ger work for those who desire scien- Courses are driven in every phase
tific training in this line. It also of agriculture. No matter what may
offers a four-year curriculum lead- be your interests in this great field
ing to a degree. This is an addition you will find here, men trained in
that has long been needed in the in that particular line who have the
College of Agriculture. It now opens interest of the student, the school,
a field of study for the men who and the State at heart.
like to take this line of work but What does the Agricultural Col-
heretofore had to go out of the lege moan to the State? It means
state to get it. just this: Every year trained men
In addition to these changes in will be released to carry on the
the departments there have been great work that is now being done
some changes in the building Ag- all over the State in technical ag-
riculture Hall. On the north end ricultnro; men who will be leaders
of the first floor a large roorm has in putting the basic industry of
been made by tearing out a narti- this State and the Nation on a
tion, elevating the seats, and re- firm-er foundation and hbln bring,
modeling the room completely. The back the rural culture that is so
room now seats 190 students and is necessary to any economically sound
one of the most desirable lecture country.
rooms on the campus from the
standpoint of ventilation, location. Th A. Clu
and lighting. On the north end of e Ag. C
the second floor two new rooms The Ag. Club is the oldest or-
have been partitioned off to pro- ganization of its kind on the campus
vide for the new Forestry Depart- of tle University of Florida. It was
ment. originated with the idea of develop-
The Department of Horticulture ing character and leadership among
of the Experiment Station has recent- the students of the College of Agri-
ly taken over Mowry Hall. This culture.
building was recently occupied by the Ag. Club meetings are held reg-
Assistant Director of the Experi- ularly each Monday night. Matters
ment Station and is now being used concerning the welfare of the stu-
as offices for the horticulture staff dent body of the College of Agri-

culture are discussed as the regular
business of the club. At each meet-
ing the club has a guest speaker,
a man thoroughly familiar with
some line of work that is of inter-
est to agricultural students. The
club also sponsors a varied program
of entertainment throughout the

Alpha Zeta
Alpha Zeta is an honorary agri-
cultural fraternity. Its members are
selected from the undergraduate
and graduate agricultural students
of high scholarship, leadership and
personality. Its objects are to pro-
mote the profession of agriculture;
to establish, foster and develop high
standards of scholarship, character,
leadership and a spirit of fellow-
ship among all of its members.
Some of the objects of the Flor-
ida chapter this year are: 1. Spon-
sor radio programs every two weeks
to acquaint the public with the ac-
tivities of the student in the Col-
lege of Agriculture. 2. Lend sup-
port to various extra-curricula ac-
activities in the college. 3. Sponsor
weekly announcements of timely pro-
grams and events in the Colleae of
Agriculture. 4. Edit A. Z. Sunshine,
a news-letter sent to alumni mem-
bers. 5. Publish a year book set-
ting forth the activities of the Col-
lege of Agriculture for the academic
year 1935-36.

Students of the University of
Florida have often noticed the
wooden plaque of Thyrsus hanging
in the main hall of Agricultural
College. Many wondered as to the
meaning and significance of the
Greek symbols under the words
"Thvrsus meets tonight at 7:30."
The significance and meaning of
these symbols and letters may take
on a new light to the average stu-
dent when it is explained that Thyr-
sus is a fraternity having for its
obiect the furthering of scholarship,
fellowship and interest in the field
of horticulture in college and after
life. -and to recognize ability in
that field.
"Thyrsus" is a local honorary fra-
t-rnitv that was founded at the
University in April 1926. Since
then Thyrsus has flourished on the
campus and has undertaken many
successful projects for furthering
horticulture in Florida.
Onr of the important functions
of Thyrsus is carried out in its
meetings when papers dealing with
horticulture are presented by .the
(Continued on page 11)

Page 10

December, 1935

December, 1935
(Continued from page 10)
members. Annual functions of the
club include: an outing of frat.
members, honorary members and
faculty members and the carrying
out of some beautification project
on the campus for furthering hor-
Plans are laid to make this year
one of its most successful. Stimu-
lated interest is shown by Thyrsus
members through action taken to
enlarge the scope of the fraternity.
-Dan Allen.

The Toreador Club and
"Little International"
The Toreador Club of the Col-
lege of Agriculture is an organiza-
tion for agriculture students inter-
ested in promoting a greater knowl-
edge of livestock and greater in-
terest and comradeship between stu-
The main object of the club is
to put on "Florida's Little Inter-
national Livestock Show," an an-
nual college event. The club also
has for its purpose the broadening
of student knowledge in Animal
Husbandry, learning to demonstrate
the benefits derived from better
management, breeding and feeding
of livestock, and to encourage and
promote the livestock industry in
The Toreador Club was organized
in 1930 and that Spring staged its
first livestock show. This show has
continued to flourish and improve
so creditably that the Toreador Club
has become known to all cattlemen
in the state.
In the Spring of 1935 the Torea-
dor Club added a rodeo to the pro-
gram of the livestock show. The
show was a huge success and will
be hard to improve on this year.
However, the Toreador Club has
put on a bigger and better show
each year. These shows have been
attended by people from all over
the state. Consequently, through the
adoption of a resolution to meet
twice a month, the Toreador Club
of 1.935-36 has initiated a compre-
hensive program which will bear
fruit in a bigger and better "Little
International Livestock Show."
The exhibition of this year which
is scheduled for the spring of 1936
promises to be the best educational
livestock show ever put on at the
University of Florida. Friends from
all parts of the state are cordially
invited to attend this enjoyable at-
traction of the Toreador Club.
-Dan Allen.

Saddest disappointment of boy-
hood: Crawling under a tent ex-.
pecting to-see, a circus and finding-
a revival meeting in progress.

Forestry Department Inaugurated
By FRANK H. RICH under horticulture and municipal
The planting of a slash pine on forestry. Forestry is distinct from
October 1, 1935, marked the open- either in that it has to do primarily
ing of the Department of Forestry with entire stands of trees, or for-
at the University of Florida. The ests, rather than with individual
tree was presented to the students trees.
of forestry by Professor H. S. Two distinct courses are offered
Newins, Head of the Department at the University of Florida in For-
of Forestry, in behalf of the Society estry. The first is the four-year
of American Foresters. It was course leading to the B.S. degree
planted on the University Campus, in Agriculture with major in for-
west of the University Library. The estry. The second course is a two-
pine was accepted by Bill Harrell year curriculum which develops the
on behalf of the students of fores- student as a forest ranger. A cer-
try. tificate is given on the completion
of this two-year course. A curricu-
Dr. Wilmon Newell, dean of the lum in arborculture (municipal for-
College of Agriculture, opened the estry) will be offered in the near
ceremony by introducing J. E. John- future.
son, professor of social and re- The Department of Forestry is
ligious service, who invoked a bless- very fortunate to have as its head,
ing upon the occasion. Dr. Newell Professor H. S. Newins who has
then introduced Dr. John J. Tigert, had more than one quarter of a
president of the University of Flor- century of experience in the fores-
ida. try profession. He holds a Master
Dr. Tigert in an informal ad- of Forestry degree from Yale Uni-
dress to the gathering stated, "The versity. He has been the State For-
neglect and wastefulness in our ester of West Virginia, District
forests are very disgraceful." Dr. Aeroplane Inspector for New York,
Tigert contrasted the old European during the World War, inspecting
forest with the forests of the United aeroplane wood; Professor of Fores-
States, telling how well the Euro- try at Oregon State College; Profes-
pean forests were cared for and the sor of wood utilization, Pennsyl-
pride that the natives of those vania State College, and comes to
countries took in them. Many cities us from Michigan State College
in the Old World have their own where he has been Associate Pro-
forests, Dr. Tigert went on to say. fessor during the past four years.
He then told of the Florida forests Professor Newins is very much
and how thev have been especially enthused over the possibilities of
neglected and misused in the past, forestry in Florida because of the
and of their possibilities in the fu- excellent reproduction of commer-
ture. cial pines when protected from fire.
The establishment of the De-
partment of Forestry at the Uni- Tea Honors Freshmen
versity of Florida was brought
about by an act of the recent Leg- 4-H Members at F. S. C, W.
islature. Only after years of hard The College 4-H Club entertained
work on the nart of the leading with a tea honoring its freshmen
conservation and civic organizations, members Saturday afternoon, Sep-
as well as numerous individuals, tember 28, from 4:30 to 6:00 at
was the need of such laws as For- the home of Miss Anna Tracy, head
est Conservation Jaws brought to dietitian of the College.
the attention of the public. The The living room and sun parlor
followir'r organizations are largely were attractively arranged with the
responsible for hrineinw the nped season's flowers. The punch bowl
of these laws to the attention of the was very beautiful embedded in pink
lorislature- Florida Forestry Asso- vine on the serving table at the end
c;ation, Florida Federation of of the huge living room.
Wormens C1nb. Florida Federation Guests were greeted at the door
of Garden ClUbs. A"dnbon Societr, by the club's Freshman Sponsor,
and students of the College of Agri- Marie Herold. She introduced them
culture. to the receiving line which included
Special acknowledPemnents are Eleanor Murrill, President of the
made to Governor David Sholts. Club, Miss Flavia Gleason, State
who sponsored this leisq.tion, and Home Demonstration Agent, Miss
t, the eentlpmen of thb Senate and Virginia P. Moore, Home Improve-
the Ho,'se who effected the passage ment Specialist, and Miss Ruby Mc-
of the Forgtrv Conservation Lows. David and Miss Anna Mae Sikes,
Manv often wonder iust what is Club Sponsors.
forestry. Forestry is the business. There are 25 new 4-H students
or the art. based upon science, of this year and the older members are
handling forests for timber nrodur- proud of every one of them.
tion or stream flo-- protection. Tt -Eleanor Murrill.
does not, as often mistakenl-
-thought, have anything to do with All plant and animal life and ac-
frilit trees, o r'even with street and tivities are dependent upon a proper
park trees. The care of these comes supply of water.

Page 11

The Florida College Farmer

The Florida College Farmer

AAA Program Stabilizes Agriculture


"It is evident to all of us that we
are living at a time in world his-
tory when mankind is making such
far-reaching revisions in his outlook
on society as to cause major changes
in the civilization of the future.
Probably never before has there been
such world-wide questioning and ex-
perimentation." So said Phillip P.
Nash, in an address to the Univer-
sity of Michigan Chapter of Phi Kap-
pa Phi.
The Agricultural Adjustment Act,
or AAA as it is more familiarly
known, was passed by Congress in
the Spring of 1933 to provide a way
for the farmers to get together and
attack their problems cooperatively.
The plan was to adjust production
to demand, and to arrange better
marketing methods so that farm
prices might rise to such level that
when it came to buying things, the
farmer's income would equal the
relatively satisfactory prices of the
years 1909-1914.
The relationship that existed in
those years between prices of things
farmers buy and prices of things
they sell has been called "parity".
In other words, the aim was to give
farm people once more an income
that would enable them to buy as
much as they had been able to buy
in the pre-war period. Voluntary co-
operative control of production was
one of the methods chosen to raise
farm prices to the necessary level.
Cooperation for control of farm
production was not a new idea.
Farmers had formed cooperative
associations, some of which were suc-
cessful for a while. Most of these
cooperative associations failed be-
cause they could not get everyone
to work with them. Producers out-
side of the association took ad-
vantage of the success of the organ-
izations and increased their produc-
tion and consequently brought to
naught the sacrifices of those who
did cooperate.
The Agricultural Adjustmert Act
made it possible and profitable for
every producer of a given commodity
to join in this cooperative program.
These programs were drawn up so
that the major benefits of cooDera-
tion went to those farmers who did
coon0rate. Farmers were not com-
pelled to participate. but those who
did could be sure that th"v them-
selves a'd not outsiders would en-
joy the benefits.
Different ways of reaching the
goal of parity were worked out for
different commodities. Contracts to
stabilize production were offered
farmers raising cotton, wheat, corn,
hogs, tobacco, and various other
crops named in the act. Money
raised by processing taxes-has been
used to make benefit, payments to

the cooperating farmers, which tax
amounts to only a small fraction of
the price consumers pay. For in-
stance, the tax on a cotton shirt is
about 5 cents, and on a loaf of
bread costing 8 cents is only half
a cent. By paying these taxes the
consuming public helps to increase
the farmer's income and indirectly
to increase business activity.
At present there is a processing
tax on 8 farm products: wheat, cot-
ton, tobacco, field corn, hogs, sugar,
peanuts, and rice. Over 820 million
dollars had been collected irom these
products on May 1, 1935.
There are other taxes people have
been paying all their lives, probably
without realizing it. Because public
attention has been called to this tax
by suits filed against the AAA, peo-
ple are inclined to believe the tax
The processing tax not only adds
directly and quickly to the income
of cooperating farmers, it is also a
means of adjusting production to
market demands. The tax makes it
possible for the government to pay
benefits to the farmers who cooper-
ate in the adjustment programs.
These programs have helped to re-
move surpluses and thus raise the
market price of certain basic crops
the farmer sells.
The adjustment program has helped
more than three million farmers,
and will continue to help until they
get fair prices for the things they
For the last five months of 1934
the average income for American
farmers from the sale of farm prod-
ucts and rental and benefit pay-
ments to farmers amounted to over
572 million dollars.
By 1934 more than 3 million pro-
duction-contracts had been signed
by farmers in all parts of the coun-
try. Never before had farmers par-
ticipated in such a vast cooperative
program for their own welfare. It
meant that a goodly share of our
farm production was under adjust-
ncnt contracts-about 75% of hog
and corn production, almost 80% of
wheat acreage, and over 90% of
cotton and tobacco acreage.
Did the results of this adjustment
program justify the expenditure?
Let's see!
Cotton in March 1933 was selling
at Cc per pound. By fall of 193'
it was over 12c a pound. In March
1933 hogs were selling for $3.25
per hundredweip'ht; in the fall of
1934 annroxir-'tely $5.25 per hun-
dredweight. Corn in March 1313!
sold for as little\ as 20c nT)r bushel,
By October of 1934 it sold for over
75c per bushel. Approximately 82%
of Florida's tobacco production in
1934 was under agricultural adjust-

ment contracts. This year contract-
ing growers have 73% of the pro-
duction. Bright leaf tobacco pro-
duced in Florida in 1934 brought a
gross average price of 21.7c per
pound. In 1935 the price averaged
almost as high. The AAA announced
on July 29 that growers of flue
cured tobacco will be offered an ad-
justment program covering the crop
years 1936-1939 inclusive; in other
words, a continuation of the pro-
gram in force for the crop years of
1934-1935. Although the prices of
things farmers buy have gone up,
the relationship of farm prices to
other prices has improved. In ad-
dition to all this, the benefit pay-
ments alone for 1933, 1934 and 1935
will have amounted to approximately
700 million dollars.
The Agricultural Adjustment Ad-
ministration by keeping a certain
percentage of farm land out of ma-
jor crop production has created an
opportunity to build up the fertility
of these acres. Continuation of the
program will mean a larger propor-
tion of farm acreage in pasture-land.
forage and soil building crops, and
woodlots, all of which in turn means
better live-toc'- feeding. a"d ron-
servation of the natural resources
of farm lard.
Besides tl, i'rl(a of a stable, bal-
anced agriculture, there has come a
realization of the need for a new
nation-wide policy for the use of
land. The desirability of conserving
the scenic areas for recreation,
wooded areas, forest reserves, wild-
life refuges, grazing districts, etc.
is self-evident. Not to mention the
necessity of preventing soil erosion,
which has made approximately 50
million acres of one time fertile land
unfit fcr crop use. The government
is purchasing sub-marginal land
with the intention of retiring it from
crop production for which it has
never been suited. Through the ac-
tivities of the government, areas
of better land are being offered to
distressed families, so that they may
h-ve an opportunity of producing
their own food and, eventually, an
adequate income.
Ani-thirg which increases business
activity actually increases the pro-
duction of wealth. That the Agri-
cu'tu-al Adjustment program has
m:adn an important contribution
towa-d increasing business activity,
P--d thus the production of wealth.
is amply demonstrated by the facts.

Bargain!! four bits buvs a y'ar's
.-nbscription for the Florida College
Farm er.

Did. you know that about 5,500.-
000,000,000' dried -bacteria weigh
only about one- gram?

Page 12

December, 1935

The Florida College Farmer

35 Danforth Fellowship Winners
Gain Knowledge and Inspiration

.oeeeeeeeeaenae....oe. ..


Most of us are young enough to
remember the added zest and en-
thusiasm aroused within when some
member of "our gang" flung out
the phrase, "I dare you," as a chal-
lenge to do something we had per-
haps never done before. Such were
experiences afforded by the Dan-
forth Foundation Summer Fellow-
ship. Each year, during the month
of August, from each of 35 agricul-
tural colleges in the United States
and Canada comes a "hand-picked"
junior, the leader of his class, to
participate in a month's challenging
activities sponsored by William H.
Danforth, Chairman of Ralston Pur-
ina Mills.
I was fortunate in being selected
for this trip in 1935.
The first two weeks were spent
at the mill in St. Louis and at the
Experimental Farm, near Grey Sum-
mit, Mo. This 330-acre farm,
stocked with ample livestock, is the
"test tube" in which various animal
nutritional problems are being con-
tinually studied. There is a need
for more information than is re-
vealed through laboratory analyses
of the rations. This biological re-
search, using the actual rations on
animals and studying the results, has
led to many improvements in feed,
feeding, and management.
For three aays we observed and
actually participate in tne most
minute decall oi the work carried on
with the experiments oi management
and feeding of beef cattle, dairy
cattle, nogs, poultry, horses and
mules, dogs, foxes, and rabbits.
The ensure second week, with the
exception of Tuesday when we made
an inspection tour through the Nat-
ional Stock Yards and Armour and
Company in St. Louis, was spent at
the Purina Mill where we observed
and studied many phases of this
large agricultural concern. Rep-
resentatives from the various depart-
ments such as sales, purchasing, per-
sonnel, advertising, research, mer-
chandising, sanitation, and others
gave us a complete "bird's-eye view"
of their particular phases.
The evenings, together with Satur-
day afternoons and Sundays, were
spent cuite largely in seeing the
places of interest in and around St.
Louis, which included: Forest Park
and Zoo; Jefferson Memorial, in
which the Lindbergh trophies are
kept; Shaw's Botanical Garden; the
ball park-the home of the Cardi-
nals; the Outdoor Municipal Thea-
ter-the largest of its kind in the

world; the Merchants' Grain Ex-
change; and Pevely Dairy.
SSunday morning, the beginning of
the third week, we left St. Louis
and journeyed through Illinois, visit-
ing Lincoln's Tomb in Springfield,
en route to Chicago. A short stop-
over in Chicago afforded an oppor-
tunity to see points of interest be-
fore continuing our trip to Camp
Miniwanca, on Lake Michigan,
near Shelby, Michigan.
Situated among the beautiful
birch-covered sand dunes between
Stoney Lake and Lake Michigan,
Camp Miniwanca, one of the two
camps of the American Youth Foun-
dation-a nationally known non-
profit enterprise-is dedicated to the
building of better equipped and in-
spired youth leaders. It is equipped
with 15 buildings which include a
large assembly hall, a social-ad-
ministration building, an eating lodge
which will care for 250 persons at
one meal; 50 tents as living quar-
ters; sail boats; canoes; tennis,
shuffle-board, and volley ball courts.
One would expect to find recreation
and much inspiration.
An actual day at camp, the pro-
gram shows, is crowded with chang-
ing, purposeful activities. Up in the
morning at 6:30, salute the flag,
stiff setting-up exercises, a plunge
in Lake Michigan, a satisfying
breakfast, clean-up for inspection,
then four 50-minute training periods
in the form of lectures and discus-
sions. After lunch a final instruc-
tional period followed by organized
sports in which all participate, in-
cluding a swim to round out the ac-
tivities of the afternoon. Dinner in
the evening is succeeded by a ves-
per hour at sunset on top of Vesper
Dune. when an inspirational touch is
supplied by the talks of camp lead-
ers. A social hour closes the day.
Then to bed, with lights out at 10

State FFA Officers This Year

The following officers were elec-
ted to head the Florida Association
of the FFA for this year:
Lester Poucher, Largo, President;
W. E. Moore, Jr., Baker, Vice-
President; Thomas Perunovitch,
Gonzalez, Secretary; and Frank
Beach, Jr., Trenton, Treasurer;
Douglas McLeod, Aucilla, Reporter;
Mr. J. F. Williams, Jr., Tallahassee,
On the executive committee are:
Jeff Minor, Wauchula, chairman;
Bonner Carter, Sanford; and Kieth
Ulmer, Largo.


Is Backing

The Florida College



138 N. Ninth St.




Compliments of

1952 W. University Ave.

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1866 W. University Ave.

Keep Up With Agriculture




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Page 13

December, 1935


Page 14
(continued from page 5)
harmful insects now saves Florida
citrus growers thousands upon thous-
ands of dollars every year. Pests
which the grower largely can keep
under control through the use of
beneficial fungi and insects are the
citrus whitefly, cottony cushion scale,
mealybugs, and citrus aphids. Not
infrequently, the beneficial insects
were brought in from the other side
of the world to aid Florida growers.
In the realm of field crops, again
the Station and the United States
Department of Agriculture have gone
to the ends of the earth seeking and
finding new crops adapted to Flori-
da. Through the gates of the Plant
Introduction Garden on the Experi-
ment Station grounds have come
many plants that now occupy places
of importance in the economic plant
life of this state. Among these are
crotalaria, centipede grass, Bahia
grass, dallis grass and others. In
addition, velvet beans, a crop grow-
ing naturally and formerly thought
to be poisonous, have been developed
into a staple cow feed and are
grown throughout the South as a
result of the Florida Station's in-
By breeding and selection, new
strains and varieties of old familiar
crops are being developed which,
because of their better adaptation
to Florida conditions, return greatly

The Florida College Farmer
increased yields or possess other
outstanding qualities which makes
them useful. Notable progress along
this line has been made with corn,
peanuts, cowpeas, oats, and sugar-
Established in 1926 as a result of
federal appropriations, the depart-
ments of agricultural economics and
home economics immediately under-
took studies of important problems.
Data on car-lot movements of
truck crops were compiled and
studied to ascertain and make known
the principal states and foreign
countries which compete with Flori-
da in truck crops production. Studies
of packinghouse costs have enabled
citrus producers to reduce expenses
and save money for the industry.
Farm management surveys have re-
vealed the outstanding principles de-
termining the financial success of
farmers as being size of business,
production per unit, and price per
unit. Contributions have been made
enabling Florida growers to claim
and procure more equitable freight
rates, another saving.
In the field of horticulture, the
Experiment Station has given to
Florida and the South the tung oil
industry; it has determined that cit-
ruF frenching and tung oil bronzing
can be overcome by the use of zinc
compounds; it has conducted re-
search which makes it possible to
store oranges and keep them in good
condition; it has isolated the cause

December, 1935
of bitterness developing in orange
juice when it stands for several
hours, and thus the department has
laid the foundation for the develop-
ment of a fresh orange juice indus-
Plant disease investigations of the
Experiment Station are saving mil-
lions of dollars annually to Florida
growers, and some crops could not
now be produced at a profit had not
these studies been made and control
measures developed. When diseases
have menaced entire crops, strains
of these crops which would grow in
spite of the diseases have been de-
veloped and saved the industry. This
is true with tomatoes and tobacco,
in particular.
Obviously, we have touched on
only a few of the major contribu-
tions, but we hope you have ob-
tained some conception of the con-
tribution of the University to Flor-
ida's agriculture, forestry and live-
In closing, let us remind you sim-
ply that the financial and economic
structure of Florida today rests in
large measure upon agriculture in
its numerous forms. From the very
beginning this has been true, and it
will always be so, for the state's fu-
ture is inseparably tied up with the
wise and proper use of land. The
contributions, particularly research,
of the University of Florida have
been a tremendous factor in the de-
velopment of the commonwealth.
Without them the vast potential re-
sources of the state would not have
been developed to their present
value. Doubtless even greater de-
velopment awaits them in the fu-

FSCW 4-H Council Organizes

The new council of the College
4-H Club had its first meeting Fri-
day, September 20, 1935, in the
State Extension offices at the Flor-
ida State College for Women. Miss
Anna Mae Sikes, Acting District
Agent, met with the group as Ad-
viser. At the meeting, plans for
the first big social event of the
year were formulated. This social
event, the annual reception, honors
4-H Freshmen.
This Council group was elected
in May of last year to serve during
the school year 1935-36. Council
members are: President, Eleanor
Murrill; Vice-pres., Dimples Turner;
Secretary, Martha Briese; Assistant
Secretary, Geraldine Myers; Treas-
urer, Margaret Delaney; Club Re-
porter, Doris McCullough; Freshman
Sponsor, Marie Herold.
This council will serve as the
executive unit of the College 4-H
Club and will discuss and make
plans for the year's program of ac-
tivities to be presented at the regu-
lar monthly meetings of the club.
-Dimples Turner.

J Whatever you're growing citrus,
truck crops, flowers, grass or ornamentals
you'll find a Gulf Brand to suit your exact
needs. Made from only the finest materials
-always perfectly blended, Gulf Brands as.
sure your crops the maximum in plant food
value. Try Gulf Brands on your crops this
year. You'll find them cheaper in the long run.

* Let the Gulf Field Man help you with your soil problem

COd- 36th Street, South of East Broadway, Tampa, Florida

December, 1935
(continued from page 6)
needs of each member of the fami-
ly; how to keep physically fit and
well groomed to be efficient for
work in the home and enjoyable to
others; they learn to care for young-
er brothers and sisters in their play
and work hours; they learn to be
real partners to mothers and fathers
in making happy play times for all;
they are learning to assume a share
of responsibility in the daily routine
work of the home; learning so to do
the necessary work in the homes
that each mother may have a real
vacation sometime; learning to co-
operate in the home in such way
that the money available for cloth-
ing and other needs can be spent in
the best interests of all; learning
to make good use of helpful ideas
gained from observations of other
homes on club tours and trips to
distant places as have the worth-
while men and women throughout
history; and they are learning to
plant to best advantage flowers, na-
tive shrubs and trees around the
homes to the end that they may give
to those who pass by some of the
spirit of friendship and happiness
that abounds within. For after all,
the really lovely home is the one
in which the eyes of all are cen-
tered upon making others happy and
more comfortable and where all
share with mother and father in the
daily program of home life together.
Boys and girls, I congratulate you
and your parents upon your mem-
bership in the 4-H club organiza-
tion. May you take advantage of
the opportunities afforded you. I
have faith in the splendid contribu-
tions which you will make to your
many homes, your club, your com-
munity and our country.

Florida Planter Degree
Conferred on Nine Boys
At the State Convention of the
FFA nine boys were elected to the
degree of Florida Planter. This is
the highest degree attainable in the
State by FFA members. The fol-
lowing are the boys who were elect-
ed to this degree:
Jeff Minor, Wauchula; Bonner
Carter, Sanford; Lester Poncher,
Largo; Kieth Ulmer, Largo; Douglas
McLeod, Aucilla; Thomas Peruno-
vich, Gonzalez; Joseph McLaughlin,
Gonzalez; Frank Beach, Jr., Tren-
ton; and W. E. Moore, Jr., Baker.
Each year honorary Florida Planter
keys are awarded to certain out-
standing men who are connected
with FFA work. This year Hon.
R. A. Gray, Secretary of State, and
M. B. Jordan, Master Teacher of
the South for 1935, were awarded
these keys. ;Mr. Jordan is the vo-
cational agriculture teacher at

The Florida College Farmer

Page 15




See Your Dealer or Write


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Eleven Long Years Ago
The Lyons Fertilizer Company was urging
growers of this state to develop Greater
Quantities of Quality Fruit through the use
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There is a universal demand for Quality
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generally, for the reason that consumers
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I Mr. Grower
You know now that your only chance of
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As always in the past Lyons fertilizer pro-
ducts and our Lyonize Your Grove Service
will help you to grow Greater Quantities of
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Four year curricula leading to B. S. degree, with specialization in all agricultural fields.

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Only college in Southeast offering full courses in citrus and subtropical fruit culture.
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Page 16

December, 1935



We have had the pleasure of serving

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