Biennial report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075940/00006
 Material Information
Title: Biennial report
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 23-29 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission
Publisher: Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee
Creation Date: 1953
Frequency: biennial
Subjects / Keywords: Game protection -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Fish culture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Fishery management -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Wildlife management -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Summary: First biennial report covers the period from the time of the organization (of the Commission) July 1, 1935 to December 31, 1936.
Statement of Responsibility: Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000327977
oclc - 01332271
notis - ABV7514
System ID: UF00075940:00006
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida. Dept. of Game and Fresh Water Fish.|Biennial report of the Department of Game and Fresh Water Fish
Succeeded by: Florida. Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission.|Annual report

Full Text





For the years 1953-1954


Biennal KRepoirt

FOR THE YEARS 1953-1954



Game and Fresh Water Fish



January 31, 1955
Governor of Florida
State Capitol
Tallahassee, Florida


Herewith is submitted the Biennial Report of the Florida Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission for the period ending December 31, 1954.

Through this report we wish to make known to you, the Members of
the State Legislature and the People of Florida, the activities and achieve-
ments of the Commission. We realize that the contribution we have made
is but a small part of the work which must be done before Florida attains
the full realization of its fish and game potentialities. We feel confident
that the progress made in the past biennium will be multiplied many-fold
in the years to come.

Finally we wish to express our appreciation to the many State officials
and private citizens whose vision and cooperation have assisted so greatly
in our conservation endeavor.

Respectfully submitted,


LAW: mns

Subject Page

Report of Progress ................................................. 6

Future Prospects ........................................... ..... 8

Fish Management ......................... ...... ............ 10

Game Management .............................. ................ 14

Northwest Florida Division .................. ....................... 20

Northeast Florida Division ........................................ 23

Central Florida Division ............................. ........... 24

Everglades Division .............................................. 26

South Florida Division ................ ............................ 28

Youth Conservation Education .................................... 30

Florida Wildlife ................................................... 32

Law Enforcement ................................................. 34

Communications .................................................. 35

Information and Education .......................................... 36

Administration ..................................................... 38

The Financial Report .............................................. 43

The Dream Comes True ................. .......................... 52

~_~__ __


Report of P otgre

DURING THE BIENNIUM from 1952 through 1954, the
Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commis-
sion made definite progress in all phases of conser-
vation work. In general, the Commission devoted its
efforts toward a continued expansion of activities in
wildlife conservation, and a further streamlining of
operational procedures.
A great emphasis was placed on attaining sound fish
and wildlife management practices as determined by
technical research programs. There was a continuation
of a well-balanced program to diagnose the basic causes
of game and fish shortages and remedies.
There was also an emphasis placed on opening up
additional public hunting and fishing areas. There
was a general move to bring the Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission closer to the fisherman, hunt-
ers and sportsmen who have an interest in Florida
We believe that the activities of the past two years
will serve as a concrete indication of the determination
of the Game Commission to have a progressive and
aggressive program of fish and wildlife conservation.
A summary of the major programs of the Florida
Game and Fresh Water Fish Commissior follows:
During the past biennium, it was determined that

FLORIDA WILDLIFE Magazine must be used solely
as an educational medium through which the Game
Commission is able to inform and educate the general
public to accepted conservation practices and pro-
It was determined that the magazine should not,
and can not be a money-making item nor a profit-and-
loss operation. It must be used, instead, to obtain
strong public backing for the successful conduct of a
progressive fish and game conservation program.
An editorial policy was established as follows: To
present to the people of Florida, especially the sports-
men who support the Commission through the pur-
chase of hunting and fishing licenses, selected material
of a technical and factual nature regarding conserva-
tion activities plus general hunting and fishing prac-
Since the establishment of the above editorial policy,
there has been an increase of well over 5,000 sub-
scriptions received during the final months of the
As an educational medium published by the Com-
mission, FLORIDA WILDLIFE is now, and will be
in the future, devoted to the following editorial con-
tents: Fifty percent or more of the magazine will al-
ways be devoted to Commission policies, programs
and activities through the use of staff-written material.

The remainder of the magazine will
be devoted to general conservation
and wildlife material designed to
further good sportsmanship and bet-
ter fishermen and hunters.
The magazine is, and will be, an
education tool of the Florida Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission.
As such, it must be regarded as a
capital investment in the future of
wildlife conservation in Florida.
Outstanding progress was made
in Youth Conservation Education
work during the past biennium. The
establishment of the long-sought
Junior Conservation Camp on Com-
mission-leased property bordering
Lake Eaton in the Ocala National
Forest, and the reinvigoration of the
Junior Sportsmen Clubs to a total of
51 active organizations throughout
the State, are concrete achievements
of the period. Recent approval of the
construction of 10 cabins and a mess
hall, and the creation of a well-
rounded summer camp program, will
bring the Junior Conservation Edu-
cation program into full realization.
The Commission has felt that there
can be no more important educa-
tional program than its Junior Con-
servation Education work. If the fu-
ture of our state and country lies
within our youth who will soon grow
into adult men and women, then,
most certainly, the future of wildlife
conservation in Florida lies within
our youngsters of today. Good con-
servation practices and fine sports-
manship are being instilled into the
minds of thousands of youngsters
through the Game Commission's
Junior Conservation Clubs, Camp
and League.
The Divisional Administration set-
up of the Commission has apparently
resulted in a much closer contact
between the sportsmen and the
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission during the past biennium.
As will be noted in the respective
reports from the five Divisions, each
Division office is able to put into
effect a complete wildlife program

adapted to the particular needs of
each Divisional area. This is impor-
tant because where one Division area
might have a primary problem in
water hyacinth control, another Di-
vision might find that its principal
problem is law enforcement, public
hunting grounds, illegal seining or
restoration of game populations.
Thus, local problems are given local
consideration by the Commission
through its Division offices and at-
tached personnel.
Formerly, it was necessary for
all persons who desired Commission
assistance to appeal directly to the
central office in Tallahassee. Now,
under the Divisional operation, these
same persons may obtain immediate
action in local problems through
their respective Division offices.
It has been said that the Division
operational system has brought the
Game Commission down to the peo-
ple and the sportsmen who support
The Division system, whereby one
Education Officer is located in each
Division office, has brought concrete
achievements to the Information and
Education program during the past
biennium. The Education Officer in
each area is able to carry on a full-
fledged informational program at the
local level.
Outstanding programs include the
Junior Conservation Clubs and
League, the proposed Public School
Resource-Use Education program,
Educational Traveling Exhibits, Lec-
ture Services, Wildlife Officers
Training School, and the Employee
Training and Morale Programs.
During the past biennium, an al-
most complete coverage of Florida
has been attained by the Radio Com-
munications Section. With 249 mobile
units installed in Commission ve-
hicles, and 20 base stations through-
out the State of Florida, the Com-
mission has a highly effective Law
Enforcement and General Communi-
cations tool.
Proper enforcement of game and

fish laws is one of the most impor-
tant programs of the Commission.
During the recent months at the
close of the past biennium, a con-
certed effort has been made to im-
prove the general caliber of our
Wildlife Officers.
The Commission has one main goal
in the training of Wildlife Officers:
To reach the time when the general
sportsmen will no longer say "That
so-and-so game warden," but, in-
stead, "That's MY Wildlife Officer."
Attaining this goal is a matter of
officer training and improvement.
Much of this work is being done
through the conduct of the annual
Wildlife Officers Training School.
Other work is being done through
the careful screening and grading
of all applicants for the position of
Wildlife Officer.
It may be noted, with a sense of
accomplishment, that Wildlife Of-
ficers accomplished the following
work in the field during the past
biennium: Hours spent in Land Pa-
trol, 787,440. Miles Traveled in Law
Enforcement, 3,914,677. Hours spent
in Water Patrol, 97,786. Licenses
checked, 341,216. Total of Arrests,
4,607. Fish traps seized, 18,421.
Seines Seized, 157. Hours spent in
Air Patrol, 6,131.
From the above figures, it can be
seen that Law Enforcement is now,
and will continue to be, one of the
Game Commission's major programs.
Probably one of the most impor-
tant innovations in the Commission's
Fish Management program during
the past biennium was the experi-
mental three-phase Federal-Aid proj-
ect to control roughfish (undesir-
able fish) in our fresh waters. These
phases consist of Commission-oper-
ated haul seines, selective killing of
fish by electricity, and partial poi-
soning of fish.
The Florida Lake and Stream
Survey initiated by the Commission
during 1954 is probably one of the
most important of current programs.
The survey will inventory the State's
(Continued on Page 49)

"We beieve theat te ae icctes oaf the atad two yeae4 we'et serwe a4

a conwetee indiecatione o tec dtertmeiataon o te Giame w owmmission

t ave a faow4e acive aed eag9greCiewe pAgcru of ish and Cwiddi e

coa.ewevtion -E. B. JONES





Assistant Director


TIME AND TIME again, sportsmen
and interested citizens have
asked the Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission: "What are
your plans for the future? What
does the future hold for sportsmen?
What will happen to our fish and
game in the coming years? What
will be done to conserve our natural
resources for my children and their

We sincerely believe that much
has been accomplished during past
years, as the result of cooperation
from interested sportsmen and the
general public. And we fully realize
that much more must be done, and
will be done, to properly conserve
and utilize our natural wildlife re-
We, the Commission, believe that
we can promise a much brighter fu-
ture for Florida sportsmen during
the coming years. We believe that
sportsmen are fully within their
moral and legal rights in demand-
ing a more brilliant future for Flor-
ida wildlife and the conservation
thereof. We believe that it is the
responsibility and the duty of this
Commission to do everything within
its power to attain such a future.
BUT this cannot be done without
the firm and active backing of all
interested sportsmen and general
citizens. This cannot be done with-

out adequate finances. And it most
certainly cannot be done without an
aggressive and progressive wildlife
For future years, here is the gen-
eral program that will be under-
taken by the Game Commission, pro-
vided, of course, that the necessary
financial funds are available.
First and foremost will always be


an improved Law Enforcement pro-
gram. Plans are now being formu-
lated to employ and train a pro-
gressively higher caliber of Wild-
life Officers. We must obtain more
and better Law Enforcement offi-
cers. We must also obtain more
simplified and improved Fish and
Game Laws, based on sound man-
agement principles. As usual, one-
third or more of all Commission
funds will be used in the Law En-
forcement program.
Number two on the list of future
projects is the acquisition of addi-
tional public hunting and fishing
areas. This is of utmost concern
to the average fisherman and hunter
who has no access to private lands
or fishing waters.
Approximately three and a half
million acres are already under man-
agement for public hunting, through
purchases and through cooperative
agreements with private concerns
and State and Federal agencies. The
usual expenditure for the one and
a half million acres of private lands
under this program is ten cents per
acre per year, which includes all
costs for law enforcement, food
planting, fencing and other manage-
ment activities.
Sportsmen have been quick to
acknowledge the importance of the
Commission program in making
good shooting available to the
hunter at small cost.
We can easily acquire 5,000,000
more acres of such land for public
hunting purposes. But, at ten cents
an acre, we must find $500,000 addi-

tional revenue per y
such land available. Sil
mission's revenue com
sale of licenses this mea
must be an increase in
nue funds, or the funds
trained from other sour
In the public fishing
the Commission intend
plate the construction o
and landings and ace
many of the rivers,
streams of the State.
The Commission plan
to work toward improve
all waters within the
tends to carry on a
program to eliminate
roughfish. And Comm
personnel, and equipm
tinuously be used to cc
structive water hyacin
thousands of acres of
throughout the State.
The Game Commissi
ture, intends to develop
techniques and procec
velop greater potential
and fish populations.
The Game Commissi
study and develop a co
System whereby all
will be based on aptitu
fications. A basic part c
will be a continuous
signed to better fit all
employees for their par
With the tremendous
human populations and
fishing pressures in Fl
the past years, many in
sons have expressed th
a more satisfactory li


fresh water

on, in the fu-
p many new
lures to de-
ities in game

on intends to
mplete Merit
de and quali-
f this system
program de-
'ticular work.
increases in
hunting and
orida during
Lterested per-
le belief that
censing pro-




gram should be developed. Sports-
r .* _'N men throughout the State seem to
be particularly interested in obtain-
S- ing short-term hunting and fishing
licenses to better accommodate Flor-
ida visitors. Many sportsmen feel
S that a universal fishing license
shouldd be put into effect, as was re-
cently done in our neighboring State
of Georgia-so that all fishermen
will contribute to the overall fish-
ing-improvement programs now un-
der way and to be undertaken in the
Because of the great amount of
/ -I public interest in the above im-
proved licensing program, the Com-
mission, on behalf of the sportsmen,
intends to support legislation de-
signed to improve Florida's fishing
and hunting license structure. Other
legislation that meets with the ap-
proval of the majority of Florida's
sportsmen, and which will undoubt-
edly be supported by the Commis-
sion, includes: More satisfactory
control of air boats, stiffer penalties
ear to make for game and fish law violations,
nce the Com- special legislative appropriations for
ies from the hyacinth control and acquisition of
ins that there public hunting lands, and more
license reve- workable laws relating to types of
must be ob- gear used in waters containing both
ces. fresh and salt water fish.
area project, The Commission also hopes to im-
Is to contem- prove its programs dealing with
f public piers farm pond management, food and
ess areas in cover planting for wildlife, informa-
lakes and tion and education, youth conserva-
tion education, and many other
is to continue phases of conservation activities.
ing fishing in There is a bright future for Flor-
state. It in- ida sportsmen. To attain that future,
concentrated we must all work together on a
undesirable state-wide cooperative basis. We are
mission funds, confident that we will ultimately
ent will con- reach the goal of realizing all of
introl the de- Florida's vast fish and wildlife po-
ths on many tential.


T HE FISH Management Division of the Florida Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission during the past
two years has pursued conservation objectives in the
management of fresh water fisheries through activities
such as restocking, hyacinth control, lake and stream
survey, stripped bass studies, rough fish netting, rough
fish electrical control, chemical renovation of undesir-
able waters, selective poisoning, creel census, popula-
tion studies, age and growth studies, pollution investi-
gations, experimental fish removal, supplying public
information and education, and numerous other mis-
cellaneous services constantly being requested by the
public. The following is a general summary of activi-
ties related to the major projects.
During the biennium this program was carried- on
as a State operated project rather than on a Federal
Aid basis as originally set up.

An increase in the amount of funds resulted in a
stepped up program but yet one that is still far from
ample to meet the demands. At the present time one
PA 18 Piper spray plane and two airboats are waging
a constant battle against the purple menace.
During the last two years some 140 bodies of water
have been treated. A total of 20,400 acres of hyacinth
were killed in these lakes and streams.
Experimental work has been conducted with chem-
icals other than 2,4-D. Some of these have proven ef-
fective in reducing hyacinth as well as other obnoxious
vegetation. However, 2,4-D still appears to be the most
economical method of controlling hyacinth.
The airboats have solved many of the problems
which were encountered at the beginning of the pro-
gram such as the inability to get to scattered hyacinth
in shallow water, reduction of time lost in traveling
from landing sites to the area of infestation, and a
greater load capacity.


Local interest continues to pro-
vide the funds to purchase the neces-
sary chemicals while the Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission fur-
nishes the equipment, personnel, and
operational cost.
The exceptional success of this
program has been such that nu-
merous requests for guidance have
been received from both national
and foreign agencies desiring a sim-
ilar combination of techniques and
specialized equipment to combat
their water hyacinth and other
noxious aquatic vegetation prob-
The Florida Lake and Stream
Survey was initiated by the Florida
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission, Fish Management Division,
on July 1, 1954. This project is a co-
operative federal-state study and is
financed through the provisions of
the Dingell-Johnson Act.
The purpose of the Survey is to'
inventory the lakes and streams of
importance that are open to public
use; to obtain basic physical and
biological information concerning
them; to evaluate the fisheries they
contain as to type of fish, their
abundance, and the quanity and
quality of the fishing provided; to
determine the importance of the in-
dividual body of water on the state
and local level; and to formulate
management plans. Most important,
when the Survey is completed the
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission will, for the first time, have
basic state-wide information of the
very important inland fisheries of
Florida. With this data, the formula-
tion of policies and procedures for
the proper utilization and conserva-
tion of the fresh water fisheries may
have a more substantial basis from
the standpoint of long range and
statewide fishery management.
The Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission, charged
with the responsibility of managing
one of the state's most important
resources-her fresh water fisheries
-has never had a complete inven-
tory of the lakes and streams that
supply the fishing. No one knows
the number of lakes in the state
open to public fishing much less the
amount and kinds,of fish present, or

the production, or fishing pressure.
It is hoped that the information
gained from this Survey will asisst
the administrators and technicians
so that Florida may continue to pro-
vide top-notch fishing for her resi-
dents and the nation for many years
to come.
This Survey has several limita-
tions as all such projects must. Only
those lakes open to the public and
over 150 acres in size will normally
be surveyed. It would obviously be
impossible to include all of Florida's
lakes in the three years allocated to
the study. The 150 acre limitation
was used because generally, but not
always, lakes over this size are pub-
lic waters while those of lesser size
frequently are not. For much the
same reasons, only the more im-
portant and larger rivers will be
Secondly, the Survey is by no
means a comprehensive study of any
individual lake or stream. Bodies of
water are complex and individual
units which require years of study
to acquire all the facts and answers
rather than the short periods that
they are investigated by this pro-
ject. Information may be overlooked
and some of the findings possibly in
error. Enough basic information will
be collected, however, to provide
the blueprint for future manage-
A three year investigation of the
status of the striped bass in Florida
was instigated by the Commission
late in 1953 aimed at determining
the feasibility of management of this
game species.
The striped bass is distributed
along the Atlantic Seaboard from
Canada to Florida and westward in
the Gulf Coastal streams to Ala-
bama. In Florida fresh waters it oc-
curs in the St. Marys and St. Johns
Rivers on the east coast and in the
major rivers of 'west Florida from
the Ochlockonee to the Perdido.
There exists a hiatus in its range
from the St. Johns around the pen-
insula of Florida to the Ochlockonee
The general population level of

this species in Florida is very low
and is not known to have ever at-
tained considerable size. This is as-

sumed to be the normal condition
because the Florida stripers com-
prise one or possibly two distinct
Floridian races which seem barely
to exist on the extreme southern
limits of the range of the species.
The following facts indicate the
general population level for the St.
Johns River for the time period in-
volved: these data were obtained
from supervised haul seines during
the period July, 1952, through Feb-
ruary, 1953. In Lake Crescent 361
hauls with nets 1,000 to 2,000 yards
in length produced 19 stripers weigh-
ing 128 pounds. The total poundage
of fishes taken was 516,249. During
the same time period in Big Lake
George 1697 hauls with nets averag-
ing 1,700 yards long produced 31
stripers weighing 234 pounds. The
total poundage of all fishes taken
was 4,101,707.
There are some restricted locali-
ties where stripers are known to
congregate in appreciable numbers
during some seasons of the year and
in these areas a very small and
unpredictable sport fishery exists.
Among these is Black Creek in Clay
County, a tributary of the St. Johns
River. Net sampling in Black Creek
during 1954 yielded two adults in
April. During the latter part of July
the stripers apparently moved into
Black Creek and were found con-
centrated in one locality. In August,
September, and October, 279 stripers
were netted for tagging and study.
An average weight of eight pounds
was determined from 259 specimens.
With cooling temperatures in the lat-
ter part of October the stripers either
dispersed or moved out of Black
Creek and none were netted the re-
mainder of the month nor during
November. Of the 279 stripers
caught, 175 were tagged. Of the
Black Creek specimens examined
none contained any trace of food, all
were heavily parasitized, and the
general condition of all individuals
extremely poor. It is questionable
whether fishes in this condition
would be able to spawn successfully
during the coming spawning season.
Sport fishing in the Black Creek
area yielded only two known catch
records indicating the poor fishing
success for 1954.
Based on morphological characters

studies have been made on the
striped bass which show that the St.
Johns population constitutes a dis-
tinct race which means that the
fluctuations in level of abundance
from year to year are dependent on
the success or failure of spawning
individuals from this stock.

In June of 1953 the experimental
controlled seining program, which
was begun in 1952, was terminated
by action of the Commission. At this
time a federal aid project, consisting
of three phases and designed to con-
trol rough fish, was put into effect.
The first phase was the use of large
haul seines owned by the Commis-
sion and operated by the Commis-
sion personnel; the second was de-
signed to determine ways and means
of controlling rough fish in the
streams of West Florida; and the
third method is a relatively new

tool in the fisheries field-that of
The seines have operated in Lakes
Reedy, Panasoffkee, Newnan, Traf-
ford, and Maggoire. In Table 1 the
pounds removed in the various lakes
are presented. In addition to the re-
moval of rough fish, project per-
sonnel contacted sport fishermen to
determine the effect of this removal
on his creel, made studies of age and
growth, food habits, and collected
other biological data.
An altogether different type of
problem is found in the streams of
West Florida. Rough fish is the prob-
lem but it is one that can not be
solved by the use of seines. The
streams in this section contain large
numbers of gar and in some in-
stances carp. Several methods were
used in an effort to reduce their
numbers. These included gill nets,
trammel nets, wire traps, hoop nets
and trot lines, but none of these
were successful and as a result this

part of the project was abandoned
in July, 1953.
In the Everglades there are nu-
merous canals that could furnish ex-
cellent fishing for the people of
south Florida if the gar populations
were reduced. At the present time
the Commission is trying to develop
an electrical method of selectivity
killing these rough fish without
damaging the existing game fish pop-
ulations. This has not progressed to
a workable stage but it does look
very promising. A 5 kw AC genera-
tor is used as the power source and
rectifiers have been added so that
DC may be obtained. With the use
of variable transformers many com-
binations of either DC or AC volt-
ages may be obtained. In Table 2
the fish removed under the experi-
mental controlled seining program
are presented. The bass and pickerel
were the only fish returned to the
water. The remainder were either
sold or destroyed.

Table 1 Composition of Adult Fish Population and Other Data as Determined by
Florida Lakes.

Haul Seines in Four

Lake Panasoffkee Newnan's Lake Lake Trafford Lake Reedy
Oct. 19, '53-Oct. 22, '54 Oct. 19, '53-Nov. 26, '54 June 14, '54-Dec. 31, '54 Aug., '53-Feb., '54
Name of Waters Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
Taken Percentage Taken Percentage Taken Percentage Taken Percentage

Largemouth Bass .... 11,506.9 3.85 29,670.2 3.65 260.8 .16 8,752 25.54
Black Crappie ...... 4,585.0 1.53 47,692.1 5.86 22,582.8 13.83 1,689 4.93
Bluegill ............ 20,755.3 6.95 19,665.5 2.42 8,006.0 4.90 7,100 20.72
Shellcracker ........ 49,083.7 16.43 2,013.8 .25 329.8 .20 2,895 8.45
Redbreast .......... 53.2 .02 1.0
Warmouth ......... 7.1 .1 1
Stumpknocker ...... .3 .1
Chain Pickerel ...... 170.9 .06 388.5 .05 12 .03
White Catfish ...... 213.4 .07 1,750.1 .22 119 .35
Channel Catfish .... 323.4 .11 529 1.54
Speckled Bullhead .. 3,944.7 1.32 1,040.4 .13 597.8 .37 637 1.86
Yellow Bullhead .... 4.8 11.9 .01 3 .01
Longnose Gar ....... 49,267.1 16.49
Other Gar .......... 337.6 .11 21,858.2 2.69 6,081.0 3.72 156 .46
Mudfish ............ 10.0 6,317.8 .78 4,068.1 2.49 16 .05
Gizzard Shad ....... 156,062.3 52.23 682,040.5 83.82 121,138.6 74.20 12,285 35.86
Chub Sucker ....... 2,000.0 .67 1,041.2 .13 2.0 5 .01
Golden Shiner ...... 467.3 .16 55.5 .01 21.0 .01 66 .19
Tarpon ............. 174.0 .11

Total Pounds of Fish

Captured ........... 298,780.8 813.546.8 163,274.0 34,265
Total Pounds Rough
Fish Removed .... 212,625.8 713,608.5 132,094.4 13,816
Pounds Rough Fish
Removed per Acre 45.384 115.462 85.663 4.93
Number of Hauls ... 151 210 90 82

Table 2 Pounds of Fish Removed from Six

Florida Lakes

During the Experimental Controlled Seining

Name of Waters

Lake George

Lake Crescent

Lake Harris

Lake Eustis Lake Okeechobee
(Jan.-June) (Jan.-Feb.)

Largemouth Bass .... 130,828
Black Crappie ....... 128,555
Bluegill ............ 142,213
Shellcracker ........ 57,551
Redbreast .......... 1,206
Warmouth .......... 94
Stumpknocker ...... 2
Chain Pickerel ...... 320
Channel Catfish ..... 34,114
White Catfish ........ 42,941
Speckled Bullhead .. 12,149
Yellow Bullhead .... 25
Mullet .............. 1,678
Longnose Gar ....... 493
Other Gar .......... 140
Mudfish ............ 153
Gizzard Shad ........ 340,529
Chub Sucker ........ 146
Golden Shiner ...... 1,195
E el ................. 3
Channel Bass ....... 329
White Shad ......... 14,672
Hickory Shad ....... 6,107
Sting Ray .......... 2,855
Misc. Salt Water ..... 214
Total Pounds of Fish
Taken .......... 918,512
Total Pounds of Fish
Removed ....... 787,365

*Pickerel and Bass taken were returned to the lakes.

The Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission continued
its stocking program in the many
lakes and streams of the State. Many
of the fish went to newly constructed
ponds or natural lakes that had been
cleaned of their rough fish through
the use of chemicals.
Operation of the Wewahitchka
hatchery was curtailed because of
a lack of water, but some fish have
been produced in this hatchery each
year for use in the surrounding area.
In the Blackwater and Eagle Lake
Hatcheries production was excellent.
A new hatchery was set up at Okee-
chobee to take care of the stocking
needs in the extreme southern part
of the state and the first fish were
stocked from this hatchery in the
fall of 1954. In Table 3 the numbers
and kinds of fish are listed by di-

The Commission continued its
practice of gathering data on the
commercial fisheries of the state.

Each wholesale fish dealer is re-
quired to report the poundages of
fish he sold monthly. In 1953 there
were 5,443,252 pounds of catfish sold.
In 1954 the sale of catfish amounted
to 4,385,332 pounds. Part of this drop
can be accounted for by the termi-
nation of the seining program that
was being carried on in 1953. Also,
there were some dealers that had

not filed their reports for the last
two months when the tabulation was
made. In addition to the catfish,
there were 1,026,484 pounds of
bream and crappie sold from Lakes
Harris, Eustis, Reedy, George, Cres-
cent and Okeechobee which were
caught while the experimental fish
removal program was being carried

Table 3-Numbers and'Species of Fish Stocked by Divisions

1953 1954
Division Number of Fish Number of Fish
Distributed Distributed

Bass Bream Bass Bream
South Florida .......... 93,885 29,966 57,456 51,120
Northwest ............. 56,820 740,650 42,537 305,570
Northeast ............. 91,770 64,150 28,510 90,375
Everglades ............ 16,296 200 24,414 4,930
Central ............... 29,848 90,083 133,047 71,950

Lake Reedy





























Federal Aid Wildlife Coordinator

THE GAME Management Division
of the Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission is responsible for
performing all functions connected
with game research and restoration,
land acquisition, land management
and development, and the formula-
tion of recommendations for hunt-
ing regulations. To carry out these
duties, there is a regular staff of 17
technicians, 10 non-technical men,
one accountant, one secretary, and
one stenographer. Temporary labor
and checking station personnel are
employed as required.
As in past years, the major por-
tion of Florida's wildlife manage-
ment work is financed through Fed-
eral Aid monies. The Pittman-Rob-
ertson Act, as the Federal Aid in
Wildlife Restoration Act (50 Stat.
917) is generally called, was passed
in 1937. It provided that the monies
taken in by an already existing ex-
cise tax on sporting arms and am-
munition be allocated to the states
for wildlife' restoration purposes.
This allocation is made one-half on
the basis of the total area of the

state and one-half on the basis of
the number of hunting licenses sold
each year. The state must match
each $3.00 in Federal money with
$1.00 of state money. A number of re-
strictions designed to insure a sound,
constructive and long continuing
program are imposed on the spend-
ing of this money. First, the money
may be spent only for wildlife re-
search, wildlife development, land
acquisition, and administration of
the program. Second, each project
must be described in detail and ap-
proved by the U. S. Fish and Wild-
life Service to guarantee its value,
soundness of operation, and person-
nel qualifications before it is begun.
Further, all work is constantly in-
spected by the Fish and Wildlife
Service while it is underway. Fed-
eral money is only received by the
state after such work is satisfactorily
Florida's P-R program got under-
way in 1939, but through the war
years was rather inactive. A project
for the purchase of certain lands in
Charlotte County in 1941 might be

called the beginning of the present
program, which has been expanding
continually since 1946. The states
are indeed fortunate in having a
source of money for carrying out
wildlife work of which they might
otherwise be incapable-work which
is inspected and supervised by the
experienced and capable technicians
and administrators of the Fish and
Wildlife Service while it is carried
out by well qualified state personnel.
The Act and appropriate regulations
insure the state being able to con-
tinue good, progressive programs
over long periods of time. The
amounts of Federal and state funds
received during the past biennium
and their budgeted allocations are
shown in Table 1.

Land acquisition was strongly em-
phasized and was one of the princi-
pal activities carried out by the
Game Management Division during
the biennium. This work has been
generally accomplished through a
system of long term leases which,

in rDef, provide that the landowner
grant all wildlife and fishery man-
agement rights on his property to
the Commission, receiving in return
the benefits of such activities as
fence construction, fire lane plow-
ing, and protection against cattle
and timber theft and burning. As
soon as game populations warrant,
such lands are opened to public man-
aged hunting. Therefore, there is
generally a much better public feel-
ing toward the owner who puts his
land into a management area, re-
sulting in markedly less wilful and
malicious damage to his property
than to those who -prevent public
access and usage. So far, all those
who have leased land to the Com-
mission under this general arrange-
ment have been well satisfied. This
is attested by the fact that at present
more lands are being made available
to the Commission than can be sat-
isfactorily managed with the funds
currently available.
In Table 2 are listed the wildlife
management areas which were in
operation during the biennium. Of
those shown, the St. Marks, Lee and
Aucilla Management Areas were
not in operation previous to 1953.
In addition, negotiations were com-
pleted for the addition of some 20,-
000 acres to the Steinhatchee Area.
This land will be put under manage-
ment during the coming year. Con-
struction of the necessary exterior
boundary fence began in August
It is felt that the operation of the
various management areas has been
extremely successful during the bi-
ennium. The controlled public hunts
and other activities have been well
received both by the general public
and the press. On almost every area
there have been demonstrable im-
provements in habitat conditions and
increases in wildlife populations. Re-
sults of the various managed hunts
are shown in Table 3.
The more important areas on
which acquisition negotiations were
carried out but not completed dur-
ing the biennium include tracts in
Escambia, Osceola, and Okeechobee
Counties, the Withlacoochee Land
Use Project in Citrus, Hernando,
Pasco, and Sumter Counties, the
Woodruff Reservoir in Jackson
County, Little Talbot Island in Nas-
sau County, and the Lake Jessup-
St. Johns area in Seminole and Vo-
lusia Counties.
In the allocation of men and funds,
a constant effort has been made to
maintain a well balanced, productive
program. During the past year, in-
creased attention has been given to
the development and maintenance of

lands already acquired. As more and
more information is gathered on the
best management, 'it is proper that
increased attention be devoted to
this phase of the overall work. How-
ever, to properly balance the land
acquisition and development work,
it is essential to continue a sound
and realistic research program. Con-
stant attempts have been made to
maintain productive projects, with-
out which it is impossible to know
the direction that development and
maintenance should take.
At the end of the biennium, there
were 17 active projects. Plans for a
new development project were sub-
mitted just before the end of the
biennum, and it is expected that ap-
proval will be received shortly. Of
the 17 active projects, one provides
for administration of the overall pro-
gram, 10 were concerned with re-
search, three with development, and
three with maintenance. It should
be pointed out, however, that one of
the development projects covers
work on seven independent areas,
and another covers work on three
independent areas. Of the mainte-
nance projects, one covers work on
five separate areas. All of Florida's
more important game species have
been studied through one or more
projects. As a result, more informa-
tion is now available on quail, dove,
waterfowl, turkey, squirrel, deer and
other game than ever before. Knowl-
edge of food habits, habitat require-
ments, population changes, mortali-

ty, migrations, and similar factors
will permit sound regulations and
management. Often, it is a slow and
painstaking process to gather the
necessary information but as such
data are accumulated, they should
be utilized to the fullest.
Indicative of the advanced status
and quality of Florida's research
program is the state's position on the
program of the 1954 meeting of the
Southeastern Association of Game
and Fish Commissioners. Project
Leaders Strode, Gainey and Over-
ton presented papers, while Proj-
ect Leader Winston and Coordinator
Chamberlain served on discussion
The most intensive quail manage-
ment investigations have been car-
ried out on the Commission-owned
lands in Charlotte County. These
studies have been primarily con-
cerned with quail population fluctu-
ations, the relationship between
quail populations and rainfall, food
habits, and the problem of integrat-
ing quail management with cattle
production on south Florida range
lands. By the use of feeders on a
5,000 acre experimental area, quail
population densities were induced
and maintained that were approxi-
mately twice those found on similar
territory ,without feeders. Con-
trolled burning, manipulation of
grazing, and pasture improvement
designed to maintain properly dis-
tributed areas of refuge cover are
recommended as the most practical

A scientific study of Florida wildlife leads to more and better hunting.
(Turkeys had just finished feeding at these food plots when this photo-
graph was taken. Droppings collected here contained more than 90%
Pensacola Bahia, the grass which was planted in these plots.)

quail management techniques for
widespread application on south
Florida cattle lands.
A graduate student at the Univer-
sity of Florida began a special study
in April, 1954, to gather necessary
additional information on q u a i 1
moults and population changes as
well as feeder usage and move-
ments of individual birds. This study
though still incomplete indicates
wide movement of quail in Charlotte
County and points to perhaps a
higher quail population than was
previously believed to be present.
During the biennium, the project
leader completed and prepared for
publication material resulting from
the seven preceding ydars' work on
this project. This material was ac-
cepted by the University of Florida
as the project leader's doctoral
Quail investigations in north Flor-
ida were carried out primarily on a
5,500 acre experimental area in
Jackson County. This area was orig-
inally developed by putting the
lespedeza plantings in accordance
with the general recommendations
made for farm lands throughout the
southeast. Previous work indicated
a 34% increase in population over
a three year period following de-
velopment of the whole area. Last
year plantings were removed from
one half of the area and maintained
on the other. The object is to deter-
mine whether or not the population
now decreases on that half of the
area on which the plantings have
been destroyed. In the first winter,
the population on the planted side

of the area was 187 birds. That on
the half on which the plantings were
destroyed was 165 birds.
As an aid to landowners and other
persons who are interested in im-
proving their property for quail,
planting materials have been dis-
tributed each year. These largely
consist of species which will produce
good quail foods. During the bi-

ennium, the following amounts of
material were distributed through
north and central Florida:
Bush lespedezas .... 1,755,000 plants
Partridge pea ........ 10,604 lbs. of seed
Common lespedeza 4,700 lbs. of seed
Multiflora rose ...... 73,000 plants
Of quail population in general, it
can safely be said that the 1953-54
season was one of the best in many
years and that the 1954-55 season
was only slightly below this.


Waterfowl investigational activi-
ties during the year have consisted
of studies of the ecology of the Flor-
ida duck, banding and dyeing of
waterfowl, annual Florida duck
census, and regular bi-weekly in-
ventories of waterfowl during the
wintering season. Carrying capacity
studies, food habits studies, land use
studies, and management studies
involving the preparation of recom-
mendations for waterfowl habitat
investigations of a potential water-
fowl management area on Little
Talbot Island were completed, and
initial plantings totalling approxi-
mately 30 acres of waterfowl food
plants were put in during the spring
of 1954. Although there was little
water on the area during the past
fall due to the extreme drought
through north Florida, utilization of
the area was extremely good. Al-
together, ponds and marshes in
eight areas suitable for development
of public shooting grounds were
studied and management plans were
drawn up. Approximately 30 ponds
and marshes were investigated at
the request of landowners and
management recommendations sub-
mitted to them.
The carrying capacity studies are
particularly promising but will re-
quire another year before results
can be presented. A study of the
Florida duck has produced a good
picture of its food habits and cor-
related population movements dur-
ing fall, winter and spring. Nest
losses appear to be extensive, but a
fairly high nesting success is main-

Table 2 -Wildlife Management Areas Operated in 1953-54

Name Open to Hunting Closed to Hunting Ownership
1. Eglin Air Force Res. 390,000 50,000 U. S. Air Force ........................ ........
2. Blackwater 85,000 Florida Forest Service ..................................
3. Roy F. Gaskin 110,000 Private ........... .........................
4. Apalachicola 100,000 98,500 U. S. Forest Service ....................................
5. Steinhatchee 225,000 Private ..... .. ....... ... ..............
6. Osceola 65,000 42,000 U. S. Forest Service ....................................
7. Gulf Hammock 100,000 20,000 Private ..........................................
8. Ocala 185,000 90,000 U. S. Forest Service ............................
9. Tom oka 50,000 Private ................. ....................................
10. Farmton 50,000 Private .............. ...........................
11. Sum ter 30,000 Private ............................................................
12. Richloam 48,000 U. S. Soil Conservation Service ...............
13. Avon Park 38,000 70,000 U. S. Air Force .. .......................
14. C. M. Webb 57,000 5,000 Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission
15. Fisheating Creek 100,000 175,000 Private ............... ....................................
16. J. W. Corbett 45,000 52,000 Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission
Private .......... ....... .. .... .........
17. Hendry 50,000 Private ......................
18. Collier 300,000 50,000 Private ....... .......... .................
19. Everglades 719,800 Central & Southern Florida Flood ..........
Control District
20. Lake Butler 96,000 Private .........................................................
21. St. Marks 3,000 65,000 U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service ..............
22. Lee 85,000 Private ................. .......................
23. Aucilla 100,000 Private ..................................................


trained apparently due to repeated
renesting attempts.
Large scale color dyeing of wa-
terfowl was pioneered by Florida
technicians during the past two
years. In the spring of 1953, 583
ducks, mainly blue-winged teal with
a smaller number of lesser scaup,
pintail, shoveller, and black ducks,
were trapped on the west side of
Lake Okeechobee. These ducks were
banded and also dyed with red color.
Birds on the water and more easily
in flight could be identified without
difficulty by the naked eye. The red
ducks were readily observed from
a plane when flushed from the
water. Reports were received from
12 different observations of these
red dyed birds during spring migra-
tion from the states of Alabama,
Minnesota, North D a k ot a, Ohio,
South Carolina, Virginia and Wis-
consin. Such information greatly in-
creases our knowledge of waterfowl
movements and migration routes,
and is, of course, necessary in plan-
ning practical management opera-
tions and in making reasonable hunt-
ing regulations. The techniq u e
proved so successful in its first year
that in the fall of 1954, three banding
stations were set up. Birds caught at
Lake Okeechobee again were dyed
red, those on Merritts Island were
dyed yellow, and those near Gaines-
ville were dyed green. It is expected
that about 2,000 birds will be so
marked during the 1954-55 season.
One of the most promising aspects
of the land use study is in connection
with mosquito control work in Bre-
vard County. Through the interest
of the Board of County Commis-
sioners and the cooperation of the

Florida State Board of Health, a
series of valuable waterfowl im-
poundments have been established.
Serving as mosquito control meas-
ures during the summer time, these
areas will doubtless be able to sup-
port large numbers of waterfowl
during the winter. This method of
mosquito control is, of course, much
preferable to drainage and ditching
operations, which almost always
seriously decrease the value of wet-
lands and marshes as waterfowl
habitat. It has been apparent since
the beginning of the waterfowl in-
vestigations in Florida that the cur-
rent trend in land use involving
drainage of marsh lands for agricul-

tural purposes is detrimental to the
welfare of the wintering waterfowl
population. For this reason, a major
portion of the study has been di-
rected to ways of increasing the pro-
duction of waterfowl foods in an at-
tempt to better carry the wintering
population. The total waterfowl pop-
ulation of the state in 1953 was ap-
proximately 983,000 birds. In 1954,
this figure was 1,377,000. It was im-
possible to perform the annual Flor-
ida duck census in the fall of 1953
because of hurricane weather and
excessively high water. However,
the census was carried out in the
fall of 1954, and showed an approxi-
mate state population of 35,000 birds.

Table 1 -Status of Federal and State Funds for 1953 and 1954
1952-53 1953-54 1954-55
Amount* Per Cent Amount* Per Cent Amount* Per Cent
Coordination ...... $ 14,364.90 6.4 $ 16,930.10 6.0 $ 18,517.40 7.1
Research ............ 49,119.23 22.0 85,857.21 30.0 89,379.E6 34.5
Development ...... 158,051.14 70.6 121,236.59 45.0 103,585.16 40.0
Maintenance .... 53,228.81 19.0 47,802.15 18.4
Lands ................. 2,400.00 1.0
Total ............ $223,935.27 $277,252.87 $259,284.67
PR Apportion-
ment .............. $133,265.13 $157,901.50 $131,738.07
*Federal monies with matching State Funds. These amounts are planned expendi-

1952-53** 1953-54"* 1954-55***
State Hunts ............................. $35,350.66 $49,521.26 $51,475.00
National Forest Hunts ............. 22,855.22 33,323.93 29,855.00
General Game Management .............. 627.23 6,444.00
Public Hunt Permits ................ $64,875.00 $73,195.00 $31,210.00****
Archery Permits ...................... 590.00 975.00 1,030.00
St. Marks Permits ..................... ........... 1,770.00 2,577.00
Charlotte Hunt Permits ......... 2,189.00 2,095.00 70.00
**Actual expenditures or receipts for F. Y. indicated.
***Budgeted expenditures or receipts for F. Y. indicated.
* *Receipts through 31 December, 1954.

Permit Required
Location by County In Addition to License Principal Game

Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton $2.00 Air Force Permit Deer
Santa Rosa, Okaloosa
Calhoun, Gulf, Bay
Liberty $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Bear
Dixie, Lafayette $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Turkey, Squirrel
Columbia, Baker $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Bear
Levy $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Turkey, Squirrel, Waterfowl
Marion, Putnam $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer. Squirrel, Turkey
Volusia $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Turkey
Volusia $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Turkey
Sumter, Citrus $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Turkey, Squirrel
Hernando, Sumter, Pasco $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Turkey, Quail
Polk, Highlands $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Turkey, Quail, Squirrel
Charlotte $5.00 Daily Permit Quail
Glades $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Turkey, Quail, Squirrel
Palm Beach $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Quail
Hendry $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Turkey, Deer
Collier $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Turkey
Dade, Broward, Palm Beach None Deer, Waterfowl
Union, Baker, Columbia
Wakulla $3.00 Daily Permit Waterfowl
Lee $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Turkey, Quail, Deer
Taylor, Jefferson, Wakulla $5.00 Public Hunt Permit Deer, Bear Squirrel, Turkey, Waterfowl


Table 3 Results of Management Area Hunts 1953-54
Turkeys Game Killed

Area Man Days Man Hunt 0 1 m
Utilization Days U2
Ocala ...............36,200 32,100 5241 8 13 21 394 1,782 80 4 39 0 0
Osceola ............ 870 870 16 0 0 0 2 374 9 0 0 0 0
Apalachicola .......... 260 260 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
St. Marks ................ 4882 52 416
Gulf Hammock .... 6,600 5,700 43 32 0 32 250 2,087 44 7 177 0 0
Avon Park ........... 1,080 1,080 6 1 6 7 3,412 89 0 6 12 0 80
C. M. Webb ............ 4172 2,655 0 0 13 0 0 2
Steinhatchee ......... 4,400 4,200 65 13 0 13 40 2,663 9 10 82 0 0
Farmton ................. 2900 2,800 35 10 22 32. 177 116 23 0 9 0 16
Tomoka .................. 1,200 1,200 22 9 10 0 41 46 12 0 0 0 0
Corbett ................. 1,700 1,600 39 0 0 0 380 10 0 2 4 0 0
Collier ................. 7,300 6,300 36 190 312 502 1,704 121 80 127 22 0 27
Hendry ............. 2,150 1,800 14 101 151 252 360 89 119 0 7 9 0
Sumter .......... 1,840 1,690 1 29 29 58 100 4,988 23 86 385 0 0
Fisheating Creek .. 4,400 3.800 0 98 142 240 3,046 565 23 199 127 0 0
AuLilla .................... 2,360 2,170 9 0 0 0 70 2,064 0 10 50 13 0
Lee ........................ 810 819 4 16 32 48 1,499 68 37 70 6 0 10
1Ocala deer kill total from hunt director's record of deer checked. Check station sheets totaled 342.
2Hunter days calculated as any part of a day.
Table 3-Management Area Total Kill Report-1954-55
Game Killed
Turkey Cat Fox
Area Deer Tom Hen Total Quail Squirrel Squirrel Dove Duck Goose Snipe
Ocala ............593 2 10 12 144 2,776 101 40 141 0 2
Osceola ................. 32 0 0 0 0 105 2 0 0 0 0
Apalachicola .......... 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gulf Hammock .... 120 52 0 52 23 5,187 4 4 741 5 3
Avon Park ............ 1 2 7 9 1.448 92 0 59 4 0 12
Steinhatchee .......... 99 6 0 6 26 2,452 2 0 355 0 2
Farmton .......... 60 27 35 62 212 713 37 0 20 0 2
Tomoka ............ 14 13 18 31 54 140 10 13 1 0 0
Corbett ................... 38 0 0 0 306 9 0 37' 34 0 0
Collier ............. 47 77 102 179 695 179 101 146 33 0 0
Hendry ............. 41 131 186 317 17 137 135 4 60 0 34
Sumter ............... 3 32 42 74 33 5,898 3 13 507 0 3
Fisheating Creek... 0 93 136 229 3,481 .914 28 100 157 0 65
Aucilla .................. 35 8 0 8 21 5,096 9 0 311 30 0
Lee ....................... 2 12 14 26 2,560 58 26 1 31 1 2
Richloam ............... 17 19 19 38 373 2,525 83 2 55 0 0
C. M. Webb ............ 4,018
St. Marks .....-..... 333
Eglin ................. 1,800 app.

In the spring of 1954, a very com-
prehensive bulletin was published
giving results of the mourning dove
investigation which has been carried
out so far. This publication, which
has been extremely well received
and was judged the most outstand-
ing of the year by the Southeastern
Section of the Wildlife Society, gives
complete and up-to-date information
on the status, movement and man-
agement of doves in Florida. Since
preparation of this bulletin, the dove
study has been reduced to such min-
imum part-time activity as is neces-
sary for the accumulation of data
by which more reliable indices of
population status may be developed.
This information is essential to the
formulation of practical and satis-
factory hunting regulations. These
activities consist of random road

counts taken through the year, dove
call counts made from the spring,
and trapping and banding at West
Palm Beach, Lakeland and Frank-
lin County. During the past two
years, the hunt regulations have pro-
vided a statewide split season, the
only practical method by which
equitable hunting can be provided
on a statewide basis under the rela-
tively short hunting season which is
Studies on squirrel during the bi-
ennium have been essentially part-
time in nature and directed pri-
marily toward development of a
satisfactory and practical census
technique. Information on squirrel
harvest has been systematically ob-
tained from the management areas
and on a statewide basis through the
Harvest and Inventory Project.
Investigational work on deer has

consisted of general herd manage-
ment studies on Eglin Field and the
Ocala National Forest, as well as
browse studies on several manage-
ment areas, gathering detailed kill
information on management areas,
and extensive kill information on a
statewide basis. An excellent series
of food habits studies has been com-
pleted and means have been de-
vised for estimating deer popula-
tions through the use of track counts.
Trapping and tagging studies con-
ducted at Eglin Field showed that
over a period of several years most
deer moved over an area of less than
one section. Habitat and food pro-
duction studies on the Ocala Forest
have shown methods of manipu-
lating the cutting of sand pines for
pulpwood so that deer foodproduc-
tion can be increased two or three
times. The U. S. Forest Service has
taken advantage of this information

Table 4 -Game Killed During the 1952-53 Hunting Season by Resident Licensees, Estimated from the Post
Season Mail Survey.


vso > 0 0
Divsn | .?J Ic I 00
0 co

Northwest ...... 1,430 2,720 160,000 371,000 104,000 79,000 183,000 '42,000 17,000 2,380 230
Northeast ........ 1,240 1,620 230,000 189,000 71,000 79,000 150,000 26,000 9,000 750 33,300
Central ........ 1,830 2,200 220,000 189,000 74,000 131,000 205,000 63,000 56,000 140 6,900
South .............. 1,130 2,950 370,000 138,000 74,000 106,000 180,000 38,000 20,000 120 1,100
Everglades ..... 1,360 3,280 180,000 9,000 82,000 42,000 124,000 39,000 19,000 740 1,100
Total ............ 7,000 13,000 1,200,000 900,000 405,000 437,000 842,000 210,000 120,000 4,100 43,000

Table 5 Expenditures by Resident Licensees for Hunting Activities for the 1952-53 Hunting Season, Estimated
SThrough the Post Season Mail Survey.



. u

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Northwest .................. $ 449,000
Northeast '.................. 349,000
Central .............. 550,000
South .................... 649,000
Everglades ................ 778,000
State Total ........... 2,800,000
State Average ...... $26.30





$ 3,000,000 $104.00
1,600,000 78.00
2,300,000 98.50
2,400,000 116.50
2,000,000 162.00

Table 6- Number of Resident Licensed Hunters of Each Species During the 1952-53 Hunting Season, Estimated
Through the Post Season Mail Survey.

Division h, J 0g ) | 1

Northwest ........ 7,100 4,700 8,600 21,000 5,400 5,900 4,900 1,000 100 1,200 28,900
Northeast ........ 6,700 3,200 8,500 12,000 3,900 4,500 3,700 800 1,500 600 20,200
Central ........... 8,200 3,600 8,800 12,000 4,800 5,800 5,900 2,800 400 300 23,100
South .............. 5,400 4,900 11,400 10,000 4,700 6,500 4,300 1,800 200 100 20,900
Everglades ...... 4,400 4,300 6,200 2,000 4,100 3,000 3,600 1,400 400 200 12,500
Total ................ 32,000 21,000 43,000 57,000 23,000 26,000 22,000 8,000 2,700 2,400 105,500

and revised its cutting program for
the forest, thus assuring a consider-
able increase in the amount of deer
food to become available in future
years. This move, without doubt,
constitutes the greatest single ad-
vance in deer management on the
Ocala Forest in recent years. A pop-
ular publication was prepared dur-
ing the fall and winter of 1954 on
the Ocala deer. This gives up-to-
date and authentic information on
the herd and its management. It has
been extremely well received.
Research work on turkeys has
been directed primarily to getting
information on sex and age ratios,
nesting success, food habits studies,
and the effects of artificial feeders.
A paper on turkey populations was

presented by Project Leader Louis
Gainey at the 1954 fall meeting
of the Southeastern Association' of
Game and Fish Commissioners.
Probably the most important piece
of information to come from this
study is the indication that approxi-
mately 73% of the hens are lost
between their first and second year.
This is probably most logically ex-
plained as a nesting mortality. It
does, however, raise a serious ques-
tion as to the validity of the turkey
hen law.
Deer and turkey restoration has
been extremely successful. During
the period that the Federal Aid
restoration program was in effect
(1949-1954), 567 whitetail deer and
682 wild turkey were restocked
throughout Florida. Five hundred
twenty-three deer were purchased

from out of state and 43 were.
trapped at Eglin Field and Black-
water Forest. Four hundred ninety-
four. turkey were trapped at Fish-
eating.Creek and 188 on the Polk-
Osceola ,area. Following the close
of this Federal Aid program, ap-
proximately 150 turkeys and 30 deer
have been trapped and restocked
through state funds. Restoration
apparently has been more success-
ful with wild turkey than with deer
but this can be partially accounted
for by the greater breeding potential
of the turkey. Areas most responsive
to restocking of turkey are found
in Hardee, Manatee, Sarasota and
DeSoto Counties. The best measure-
ment of success in the wild turkey
restoration program has been done
in Hardee and DeSoto Counties
(Continued on Page 48)


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A>. I

The Northwest Florida




ReoAt M--


T HE NORTHWEST Florida Division
is comprised of the counties
making up the Third Congressional
District of Florida, with an area of
approximately seven-and-a-half mil-
lion acres.
Division headquarters are located
at Panama City. Staff there includes
a Division Director, Education Of-
ficer, Pilot, Fish Management Pond
Specialist, Radio Engineer, and a
secretary. There are four Area Su-
pervisors and 31 Wildlife Officers.
Law enforcement records of the
wildlife officers for the period from
July, 1953, until December, 1954, are
most impressive and serve as a
good indication of the extent of
law enforcement activities in this
Our wildlife officers traveled a
total of 87,116 miles, seized 743 traps
and 54 nets, made 1,021 arrests,
checked 118,252 licenses, patrolled a
total of 128,038 hours on land patrol
and a total of 25,733 hours on water
patrol, and 1,246 hours in air patrol.
The division pilot has played a
most important role in the activities
of the division. He assisted in the
making of numerous arrests and took
part in many air searches, as a pub-
lic service. He assisted in waterfowl
counts throughout the division and
on the St. Marks Refuge project.
The mobility provided by this
method of transportation is very
valuable in the performance of the
division responsibility.

Acting Division Director

This division has been very active
in the information and education
areas, recognizing the importance of
this field to the successful meeting
of our responsibilities.
The Information and Education
Officer, in the nine-month period
from April to December, 1954, con-
ducted 37 conservation programs,
which included five programs at
schools within the division, 11 pro-
grams at civic clubs, three at sports-
man's clubs, and 18 at junior clubs
such as the Future Farmers, Junior
Conservation Clubs, and other youth
He assisted as counselor at the
Junior Conservation Club summer
camp and with the Wildlife Exhibit
trailer. Incidentally, the exhibit has
been shown in every county in the
Northwest Division during the past
two years. It has been exhibited at
four area fairs and at every school
in Wakulla and Jefferson counties.
The division personnel assisted in
the Annual Apalachicola Rivercade
during both years it was held and
with the Annual Florida State Fox-
hunters Association meeting which
is held each year at St. James Island
in Wakulla and Franklin counties.
In this division there are a total
of 532 ponds under a fish manage-
ment program. Of these, 146 came
into the program in 1953 and 160
joined in 1954.
Our Fish Management Pond Spe-
cialist assists in the management and
operation of the Holt and Wewa

hatcheries and in supervision of
rough fish control work, creel census
reports, and the investigation of fish
kills. This last item, the investiga-
tion of fish kills, is a new problem
in this area and was especially im-
portant during the drought which
hit this section of the state so hard.
A sound and active fish stocking
program is underway in this division.
In 1953, bass stocking amounted to
57,475, and in 1954, 41,000. Stock-
ing of bream totalled 808,255 in 1953
and 514,750 in 1954.
Three principal game management
areas are open to public hunting in
this division. They include the Eglin
Air Force Proving Grounds area,
the Apalachicola National Forest
area, and the St. Marks Wildlife
Refuge, in addition to a part of the
Aucilla Management Area.
Wildlife officers of this division
helped conduct the hunts which
were held on these game manage-
ment areas this year. They super-
vised the hunt which was held in
the Apalachicola National Forest-
the bear hunt of 1953-during which
time six bears were killed. In 1954,
the hunt was not as successful due
to the effect of the drought.
A radio engineer, with radio and
communications responsibilities for
the 21 counties in the Northwest
Florida Division, is on the division
staff. There are five fixed radio sta-
tions. Radios are found in 37 of the
division vehicles.

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a. I




The Northeast Division


Division Director

T he Northeast Division is the old
Second Congressional District,
and is composed of the following
counties: Alachua, Baker, Bradford,
Clay, Columbia, Dixie, Duval, Gil-
christ, Hamilton, Lafayette, Madi-
son, Nassau, St. Johns, Suwannee,
Taylor, and Union. They range in
size from little Union with 240
square miles, to sprawling Taylor
with 1,032 square miles. Altogether
the division covers 9,925 square
miles with much of the territory be-
ing good game habitat.
Every species of game animal and
fish found anywhere else in Flor-
ida, with a few minor exceptions, oc-
curs in this division. This is fine for
the sportsman, but it creates a multi-
plicity of problems in connection
with law enforcement, which is, af-
ter all, one of the principal responsi-
bilities of the Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission.
It takes 51 people to man the
Northeast Division. The largest cate-
gory is in law enforcement. There
are 39 wildlife officers under the
direction of six Area Supervisors.
Others are a division director, ed-
ucation officer, two radio operators,
one maintenance mechanic, a secre-
tary, a pilot, one fish biologist, and
four game biologists. The amount of
work produced by this group in the
past two years gives an impressive
statistical total.
The officers spent 160,410 hours
in land patrol, during the course of
which 1,074,380 miles were traveled.
They also put in 23,710 hours of
water patrol, and in the course of
this patrol they checked 33,053 li-
censes and made 697 arrests. In ad-
dition, the pilot flew 1,506 hours of
air patrol in conjunction with the
land force. A considerable amount of
illegal equipment as well as game

and fish were seized by officers. All
game and fish were donated to
charitable institutions after use in
During the course of the past
biennium the Northeast Division
donated seven deer and 4,638 pounds
of fish to various charitable institu-
tions in the division. Also seized and
destroyed or otherwise made use of
were 39 sienes whose yardage total-
ed 2,705, and 640 fish traps, six boats
and one outboard motor being il-
legally used.
While law enforcement is of pri-
mary and continuing importance,
there are many other important pro-
jects being carried on at various
times and places in the division.
There are three managed hunt areas
in the division. The Aucilla, Osceola,
and Steinhatchee areas keep their
biologists and assistants busy the
year round. These areas total 410,-
000 acreas and offer some excellent
deer, bear, turkey, and small game
hunting. Nearly all field personnel
are radio equipped and stations
located at Jacksonville, Lake But-
ler, Live Oak, and Perry permit
close cooperation between the office
and field.
The division operates its own
quail trapping and release program
and has relocated 2,012 quail the
past two years. These are trapped in
urban or other areas where they
are unavailable to hunters and plac-
ed in open territory that has suit-
able habitat. Through cooperation
between state-wide projects and the
division, the-re has been released 540
wild turkeys and several deer, and
a large number of lespedeza and
partridge peas quail feeding plots
have been established.
The past two years has seen 268,-
600 fingerling bass and bream plant-

ed in our lakes and streams, and
one cargo of 5,000 baby bass was
flown to Cuba thru the cooperation
of the U. S. Navy and planted in
small river near the Naval base
there for use of U. S. Navy person-
nel. A check on the effectiveness of
this operation is planned for next
Our resident fish biologist, whom
we acquired only in the past year,
has plenty to do with his restocking,
pond management, and hyacinth con-
trol. He has had excellent coopera-
tion from the State wide hyacinth
control group and between the two
they have brought this noxious pest
under control in various lakes and
A rough fish control experiment
in Newnan's Lake in Alachua Coun-
ty has resulted in the destruction of
over 750,000 pounds of rough fish.
This program is still continuing with
the results yet to be analyzed. A
striped bass investigation was car-
ried out mostly in the Northeast di-
vision. This project too is unfinished.
One of the activities in the North-
east Division of which we are most
proud is our monthly divisional
meeting. Except during hunting sea-
son, the men get together at some
place in the division to "put on a
feed" and have a general get-to-
gether for all hands. At one of the
early meetings it was suggested
that a formal organization be started
and this was done. The men organ-
ized the Northeast Division Wild-
life Officer's Club, elected officers,
opened a bank account, and now
conduct all business that affects all
the men. We feel that these meetings
have increased the effectiveness of
our personnel and of our efforts on
behalf of the improvement and con-
servation of Florida's fish and game.


Division Director

The Central Florida Division


AT THE END of the three-year
existence of the Central Flor-
ida Division, it is worthwhile to
review the progress which has been
made by the division since its acti-
vation in November, 1951.
While- the staff has remained al-
most identical in size throughout
the period, much has been accom-
plished. At the beginning of this
period much of the equipment was
old and in poor condition. The ex-
pense of upkeep of this equipment
was very high and many items were
The radio system was then in its
infancy, and Tallahassee and Willis-
ton were the only stations in opera-
tion. Only twelve mobile units were
in use in the field-a coverage of
32% of the field personnel. Most of
the value of these units was neutral-
ized by the lack of stations, which
often kept the officers who had ra-
dios from reaching one another be-
cause of the distance involved. Dur-
ing this time an effort was made to
alleviate this situation by the use of
an airplane which operated as a sta-
tion in the relaying of messages;
while the airplane helped the situa-
tion greatly, it still failed to give

adequate coverage when it was
Due to the distance and resultant
poor liaison between the field per-
sonnel and the Tallahassee office,
many administrative details were
quite slowly handled and often an
answer to a problem arrived too late
to be of any value to the inquiring
field man.
Only four management areas were
in existence in the Central Division
in 1951, with a total acreage of 385,-
000 acres. However, at this time
there were only thirteen manage-
ment areas in the entire state, total-
ling 1,667,000 acres. Many of these
areas were quite new and had not
been under management long enough
for the game populations to have in-
Prior to the division organization,
all publicity and public relations
were handled by one man in the
Tallahassee office. With the activa-
tion of the division, an Information
and Education Officer was assigned
to this work for each division. Early
in 1952 the junior conservation pro-
gram was organized and the forma-
tion of clubs under this program
was assigned to the division educa-

tion officers.
An inspection of the Central Di-
vision records at the present time
reveals a great deal of advancement
since the days of early 1951. Al-
though the number of people on the
division staff has changed only
slightly, the pay scale has been im-
proved, equipment is much better,
our officers are better trained, and
our organization is now more effi-
cient than ever before.
There are now six management
areas in the division, encompassing
nearly one half million acres. The
newest of these, Richloam, just con-
cluded its first hunt with a kill
which promises a very good future
as a public hunt area. A comparison
of the kill figures in the accompany-
ing table shows that the Central
Division management areas have
produced a significant increase in
harvestable game in recent years.
It is felt that these areas will play
an increasing part in providing good
hunting for years to come. These
areas are so situated that a hunter
can reach a management area by
travelling less than one hundred
miles from any point in the Central

At the present time, the Central
Division is almost 100 % r a d i o -
equipped, and the recent addition of
new mobile units will equip all field
personnel with vehicular r a d i o s.
With radio stations at Williston,
Leesburg, San Mateo, Tomoka and
St. Cloud, it is possible to relay mes-
sages from any point in the division
to the division office. This makes the
prompt handling of emergency calls
and administrative matters in a mat-
ter of minutes, where it often took
several days under the old system.
During the past two years alone,
the enforcement officers of the di-
vision have made over 600 arrests,
seized 35 illegal seines and over 900
traps, along with 15 boats and 10
outboard motors, all of which were
used in illegal operations. A total of
55,677 licenses were checked, 195,-
485 hours were spent in land patrol
and 35,143 hours spent in water pa-
trol. During this time, two of our
officers were injured by game viola-
tors while making arrests. In one in-
stance, the violators received an
eighteen months jail sentence, while
the other case is still pending. These
officers also participate in junior
conservation work, game and fish
management, and public relations
activities such as fishathons of chil-

dren, fairs and boatacades. One of
the oldest and most popular boata-
cades begins at Kissimmee each fall
and travels a route of many miles
of the Central Division waters. Cen-
tral Division personnel escort this
party each year.
During this year division person-
nel travelled nearly 900,000 miles in
the performance of their duties.
Fish and game management tech-
nicians are available to the public
for advice and assistance in the de-
velopment of better hunting and
fishing areas. The Division Fish
Management Technician annually
checks hundreds of small lakes and
ponds. This aid may be in the form
of weed control, rough fish removed
or restocking when it is found neces-
sary. In one year alone, several hun-
dred thousand bass and bluegill
bream are distributed in waters of
the Central Division to supplement
or restore deficient fish populations.
The restoration of game popula-
tions is annually conducted through
the trapping of deer, turkey and
quail. Much of the work of this
trapping is done by wildlife officers
under the supervision and direction
of game biologists. The Monarch
Refuge in Sumter County was re-
cently acquired as a ready source of

turkeys, and will be trapped this
Spring; game taken in this program
will be released on areas open to
public hunting.
In order to more economically
maintain the numerous boats and
equipment, a carpenter shop is lo-
cated at Williston where repairs for
several divisions are made. All of
the many traps needed on the trap-
ping program are produced here.
At the close of 1953, the Central
Florida Division had eight Junior
Conservation Clubs, six of which
were active and recognized by the
Junior Conservation League as paid
up and active members. Two clubs
were inactive.
In 1954, the Information and Edu-
cation Officers organized new clubs,
dissolved some inactive clubs, to end
the year with sixteen clubs-thir-
teen active, three inactive.

Kill Comparison for the Central Florida Division Management Areas
Deer Turkey Squirrel Duck
Area 1952 1954 1952 1954 1952 1954 1952 1954
Ocala .............. 501 593 .. 12 2408 2877 53 141
Gulf Hammock ...... 64 120 115 55 3511 5191 439 741
Sumter ............. 2 3 12 74 1674 5866 .. 501
Farmton ............ 37 61 85 58 645 736 .. 29
Tomoka ............ 29 19 16 32 109 150 .. 2
Richloam .......... .. 17 .. 38 .. 2660 .. 55
Total ............. 633 813 228 269 8347 17480 492 1469

is in the lower end of Florida,
seems to be in the upper esteem of
tourists, hunters and fishermen.
Within this vast expanse of land and
water there is a great variety of
romance and mystery-and plenty
of game and fish.
Recently the Corkscrew Cypress
Swamp was saved for posterity, both
human and animal, by donations of
various organizations throughout
the state.
The Everglades Division contains
approximately 12,000 square miles
of land area and more than 2,000
square miles of water area. Lake
Okeechobee alone measures 730
square miles. The counties which
come under the attention of this
division are Indian River, St. Lucie,
Martin, Okeechobee, Hendry, Col-
lier, Palm Beach, Broward, Dade
and Monroe.
There are three managed hunt
areas: Collier County Hunt. Hen-
dry County Hunt and the J. W.
Corbett Area. The hunters were
able to bag by areas the following
game (a current figure on total
kills for 1953 and up to December
26, 1954):


~0 ~

Collier Hendry J. W. Corbett Total
Turkey ............ 425 602 0 1027
Deer .............. 103 55 81 239
Quail .............. 2093 414 742 3249
Squirrel ........... 487 495 9 991
Dove (1954) ....... 146 4 37 187
Duck .............. 33 71 40 144
Bear .............. 3 0 0 3
Snipe .............. 0 34 4 38
Hogs .............. 0 0 131 131
Bobcats ............ 0 0 5 5

These figures show what a hunt-
ing paradise is open to sportsmen
interested enough to track and bag
game animals.
The practice of restocking these
areas every year to replenish the
land for future hunts will be started
To help answer many questions
regarding seasons, bag limits, total
kill, hunter success and how to in-
crease the supply of game on the
management areas the technicians
of game management division and
the wildlife officers have been col-
lecting information on the sex and
age of turkeys, age of deer killed
and also the stomach contents to
determine their food habits. From
these facts it is determined which is

radic fish kills which occur for vari-
ous known reasons-the stress is
being placed now on the renovation
of ponds and lakes.
The various methods of handling
rough fish control have been used on
the canals and lakes of this division
(the use of nets, seines and rotenone
extermination), but the most fasci-
nating experiment being tried out
in this division is the use of an
electrical fish shocker. It is to be
stressed that this experiment is now
in a stage requiring more time
and funds to continue. A selective
process of killing rough fish and
keeping game fish alive is the goal.
The electrical fish shocker has
been installed on a boat which
cruises canals and is also used in a

T74 ESventades

Di sioa Rep s:

Division Director

the best way to increase the supply
of game.
Development activities on the
management areas include posting
boundaries, maintaining checking
stations, erecting 4' x 4' signs along
public roads. Eleven miles of old
logging road was reconditioned, 33
bridges and a railroad crossing were
constructed. Fifteen acres of food
plots were plowed and planted in
seed producing grasses. A 20' x 40'
equipment shed was constructed on
the J. W. Corbett Management Area.
Ten turkey feeders have been main-
tained to help supplement the sup-
ply of native food.
In our Fish Management Program
-in addition to the important func-
tion of stocking fish in lakes and
ponds plus advice to owners on weed
control and the explanation of spo-

stationary concrete tank especially
built for experimental purposes at
the Lake Okeechobee fish hatchery.
Recently, major electrical modifi-
cations of the fish shocker were com-
pleted. A control console was con-
structed which contains two trans-
formers-one of which is variable-
four selenium rectifiers and various
switches and meters. A 5 KW gen-
erator is installed on the boat. A
portable 3 KW generator on a loan
basis was used in the permanent
concrete tank.
There is a growing increase of
calls coming into this division office
for technical advice on fish survival
and stock requests commensurate
with the increase in population and
added interest by people in main-
taining managed lakes and ponds.
One of the finest examples of pub-

lic cooperation in this division was
the coordination of efforts by the
members of the Angler's Club of
Broward County in aiding, finan-
cially, with personal labor and use
of boats, our fish management tech-
nicians and biologists to do a tre-
mendous job of eliminating rough
fish from the Andytown Canal. This
project received nationwide atten-
The cooperation of the Hyacinth
Control Division in our area is high-
ly appreciated. This problem is
growing daily, but with the proper
backing of sportsmen's clubs who
help finance part of this project we
feel that some headway is being
The Everglades Division operates
with a personnel of the director, sec-
retary, fish management technician,
education officer, airplane pilot,
three area supervisors, and twenty-
one law enforcement officers. Op-
erating with the division are four
wildlife biologists and one trapper.
Each wildlife officer has 619 square
miles of area to patrol.
To summarize the activities of
these competent men. In the years
1953-1954 they traveled 799,923 miles
in vehicles; made 1,098 arrests;
checked 59,702 licenses; spent' 158,-
786 hours on land patrol, 8,739 hours
on water patrol and 1,650 hours in
air patrol plus some 1,000 hours
added on land and water patrol for
the pilot; hours in court, 1,453; num-
ber of public speeches made, 23;
1,554 hours in meetings; 14,703 hours
on game management; 1,033 hours
in fish management; talked to 29,991
people regarding conservation; con-
tacted 846 informers; spent 584 hours
rendering community service; in-
vestigated 887 complaints and al-
leged violations; sold 982 commer-
cial licenses; spent 572 hours on pro-
fessional improvement; sold 231
Florida Wildlife subscriptions; spent
865 hours on maintenance of equip-
ment; 989 hours on fairs and demon-
strations; rendered assistance to
3,336 people; seized 6 nets, 16,026
illegal traps and spent 8,152 hours
on miscellaneous activities.
Closely coordinating the activities
of the 29 radio equipped vehicles
the radio communication system has
been worked to advantage. We now
have radio transmitters in Miami,
Okeechobee and Immokalee with
headquarters at the Okeechobee
County court house.
The Information and Education
Officer has the responsibility Df ob-
taining and relating to the public
pertinent facts regarding conserva-
tion through newspaper releases,
scheduled speeches before civic and
sportsmen's clubs, appearances on
(Continued on Page 50)

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7e S2ota ltCrida Dicziio,

THE SOUTH Florida Division ex-
tends from Hernando County
on the north to Hendry County on
the south, and from the west coast,
east to the Kissimmee River. The
Wildlife Officers, Game and Fish
Technicians, and other personnel in
the counties thus included are
charged with the responsibility of
bringing closer to the sportsmen the
rules, regulations, activities, and
problems of the Commission.
Notable progress has been made
during the past biennium.
From two small offices in the base-
ment of Lakeland's Mayhall Audi-
torium, our headquarters have been
moved to the building formerly
housing the Highway Patrol at the

municipal airport. The new head-
quarters include the Hyacinth Con-
trol group and the Communications
center for the southern half of the
state. With a Division Director,
Area Supervisors, Wildlife Officers,
Game, Fish, and Radio Technicians,
a Pilot, and an Information and Ed-
ucation Officer, the division offers a
well rounded conservation program
for the entire area.
Law enforcement has been co-
ordinated more efficiently through
the use of newer and more powerful
two-way radio units. We now have
increased the number of mobile units
to about thirty-five and the number
of base stations to three. All officers
are able to receive messages and in-

structions in a fraction of the time
formerly required. This coordina-
tion is aided greatly by the use of a
radio equipped airplane recently
supplied with floats for landing on
water. Within two weeks after the
floats had been installed, George
Langford, the pilot, located four
illegal gill nets and assisted in their
Communications and law enforce-
ment are not the only duties of this
flying wildlife officer. He also has
assisted in locating illegal liquor
stills for the State Beverage Depart-
ment and sheriffs' offices, looking for
lost and drowned persons, escaped
convicts, forest fires, and sources of
stream pollution. He has located a

total of seven nets from the air, and
participated in about fifty arrests
while doing land patrol. He piloted
a plane used for waterfowl inven-
tories, flew a total of 1,729 hours and
drove about 20,000 miles on land
Other Wildlife Officers made a
total of 1,191 arrests during 1953 and
1954, traveling a total of 1,053,258
miles. During this period, they
checked 74,532 hunting and fishing
licenses, spent 144,721 hours on land
patrol, 4,461 hours on water patrol,
and 6,239 hours assisting technicians
with game and fish management
problems. The officers estimated
that they had talked to 45,518 per-
sons regarding conservation matters,
and had given 72 public speeches.
They picked up 23 nets and 212
traps which were being used illegal-
ly, and sold 631 commercial licenses.
Besides spending 4,575 hours assist-
ing at fair exhibits, the men spent
considerable time in court, at meet-
ings, doing office work, and main-
taining their equipment. Never has
the sportsman received so large a
dividend for so small an investment
as a hunting or fishing license.

Within the boundaries of the di-
vision there are four Public Hunt-
ing Wildlife Management Areas,
located at Fisheating Creek, Avon
Park, Lee County, and Charlotte
County. These are a part of the
Game Management activities that
include quail trapping and experi-
mental restocking, turkey restock-
ing, dove and waterfowl bandings
and studies, and further work re-
garding the possibility of increasing
quail food by introducing newer
plants or feeders.
The Information and Education
officer has been responsible for con-
tacting the various newspapers and
radio stations, schools and civic or-
ganizations and groups within the
division, giving them news releases,
accurate and informative speeches,
films, etc. Approximately 20,000
pamphlets were distributed to in-
terested people along with the show-
ing of 200 movies or speeches. In an
effort to reach the youth of the state
in conservation matters, 11 Junior
Conservation Clubs were organized.
Some of these youths assisted with
the 28 fair exhibits put on by the

Fishing and hunting are at its best
in the South Florida Division area.

Division Director

Besides the above activities of
regular wildlife officers, law enforce-
ment has been strengthened by the
issuance of Honorary and Deputy
Wildlife Officer Commissions. Tech-
nicians within the division have also
assisted the officers by participating
in arrests and investigations.
Fish technicians for the division
checked 231 lakes and ponds that
totaled 8,058 acres of water. Of
these, 46 ponds were completely
renovated by total poisoning and re-
stocking, and 86 were stocked using
a total of 65,464 bluegills and shell-
crackers, and 62,468 largemouth
bass. There were also 13 fish kills

Since the start of the state-wide
Hyacinth Control Project, 49 lakes
have been sprayed within the divi-
sion. Lower operational costs since
the moving of the Central Office to
Lakeland have allowed a larger pro-
portion of the Hyacinth Control
budget to be spent on actual weed
It is hoped that progress of the
past two years will continue. The
South Florida Division recognizes
and promotes the cycle of better
hunting and fishing, thus increasing
the number of license sales, making
more funds available to promote still
better hunting and fishing.




Executive Secretary

THE YOUTH Conservation Educa-
tion Program of the Information
and Education Division has pro-
gressed in the past three years to a
degree where it now ranks with
other states leading the nation in
youth conservation education.
In presenting such a program to
the youth of Florida, fivefold con-
cepts have been considered. They
1. To train our youth toward a bet-
ter understanding of conservation
of natural resources.
2. To instill in the minds of our
youth a greater appreciation of
the out-of-doors and to recognize
the need of protecting and im-
proving the State's outdoor areas.
3. To teach them the wise use and
planned maintenance of our soils
and waters.
4. To guide them in the sound use
and intelligent management of
our fish and wildlife.
5. To help them foster the proper
utilization and systematic perpet-
uation of our forests.
These fivefold concepts are the
basis of the promotion of the Junior
Conservation Club Program. In di-
recting this program, it has been nec-
essary to employ various methods to
capture and to sustain the interest
and cooperation of our youth. Two
most important factors contributing
to the success of the Youth Education
Program have been the creation of

the Youth Conservation Club League
Program and the development of the
State Junior Conservation Camp.
The formation of the Junior Con-
servation Club League was to bring
together the youthful conservation-
ists found within the individual clubs
so that their efforts could be chan-
neled and directed to attain a more
coordinated program. The League
now contains 45 active clubs with ap-
proximately 1,500 members located
in the various communities within
the State of Florida. This program
includes boys and girls between their
eighth and eighteenth birthdays.
The League is governed by their
own elected delegates, who are cho-
sen by the clubs and sent to the an-
nual Summer Conference held each
year at the annual Junior Conserva-
tion Camp. The delegates during
their conference elect their officers
for one year. These officers consti-
tute a Board of Directors who work
in conjunction with the Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission's
Executive Secretary.
The Board convenes for three
quarterly meetings plus the annual
conference meeting. At the quarter-
ly meetings, the Board passes on the
planning and programming of proj-
ects and activities presented by the
Executive Secretary. These approved
projects are distributed to the clubs
within the League. All of this mate-
rial is created, prepared, edited and

disseminated from the Executive
Secretary's office in Williston, Fla.
The projects are designed for self-
improvement and individual and
group activities relative to the con-
servation of our natural resources.
A few of the suggested activities that
these clubs participate in are these:
1. Wildlife, Fish, Forest, Soil and
Water Conservation.
2. Actual camping experiences.
3. Studying the causes and cures
of stream, river and lake pollu-
4. Taking an active interest in for-
est fire prevention.
5. Identifying birds quickly and
6. Being able to identify all wild
animals, reptiles, and amphibi-
ans on sight.
7. Gaining first-hand knowledge
of shooting firearms straight,
safely and successfully.
8. Recognizing the importance of
taking proper care of your shot-
gun, pistol, revolver, rifle, or
even your BB gun.
9. Learning the best accepted
methods of keeping your rod
and reel in tip-top shape at all
10. Learning above all what causes
have made the immediate con-
servation of our wildlife, our
waters, our forests and lands so
11. Studying the modern methods

now being employed in control-
ling hyacinths in our lakes and
12. Taking an active interest in the
state's present quail feeding,
trapping and restocking pro-
grams, and similar plans.
A merit point system is being in-
troduced this year for the purpose of
defining a more constructive conser-
vation program. Points awarded for
self-improvement, individual and
group activities are variable and de-
pend upon the complexity of the
project involved. Accumulation of
points will determine the eligibility
of the club members for camp en-
trance. The use of this system will
also determine the awarding of
badges and achievement awards.
Tabulation of these merit points will
also assist the Executive Secretary
in selecting the outstanding Junior
Conservationist of the year.
The second factor contributing to
the advancement of the Youth Edu-
cation program has been the develop-
ment of the State Junior Conserva-
tion Camp. The creation and devel-
opment of the camp has been one of
the main objectives of the Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission. The
purpose of the Camp is to assemble
the representatives from the various
youth clubs for the mutual exchange
of ideas which will help to foster
and advance the State's program of
The annual encampment brings to-
gether the youth of Florida interest-
ed in conservation and helps create
in them the spirit of good comrade-
ship for recreating and enjoying the
pleasures of nature. By being in
direct contact with nature, they are
in a position to enjoy a greater ap-
preciation of Florida's great outdoors
with its fish and wildlife.
The first encampment was held
for one week in 1952 with 37 young-
sters representing 25 clubs as guests
of the Game Commission at Camp
Rotary, Auburndale, Florida. The
second annual camp was held in the
same place and was conducted for
three weeks with 196 boys partici-
pating. The fee for this camp was
$5.00 per person. Both of these
camps were leased.
In 1954, final plans for a campsite
in the heart of the Ocala National
Forest were drafted. Arrangements
were made with the U. S. Forestry
Service for a long-term lease on 57
acres at Lake Eaton. The third an-
nual camp was held at the new site
on 5 acres that had been cleared for
temporary installation. A new road,
1.2 miles long, was completed from
Salt Springs Highway No. 314 into
the new camp site. A power line was

Tomorrow's hunters and fishermen will they be con-


Will they help protect our game?


they observe conservation laws and conservation practices?

In this report, an outline of how we are meeting our

obligations to our youth .

installed and a well dug. A sanita-
tion building, 18' x 24', was con-
structed, as well as a sewage septic
disposal system. A dock, 100' x 6',
was erected for the youthful swim-
mers and divers. An area was
cleared for use as an athletic field.
Temporary installations were used
for the young campers. Mess and
sleeping quarters were under canvas.
The camp was conducted for four
weeks during the month of July and
registered, during that time, 240 jun-
ior conservationists. The fee for this
encampment was $7.50 per person.
The program for each week's camp
includes a combination of fun and
learning. Individual and group com-
petitive contests in sports are a part
of the recreation program which also
includes swimming, boating, fishing,
hiking, and camping. The young
camper also has an opportunity of
hearing specialists from Federal and
State Agencies speak on various sub-
jects in the field of conservation.
These subjects include Game and
Fish Management, Hyacinth Control,
Law Enforcement, Information and
Education, Administration, Safety
and Use of Firearms, Outboard
Motors, Boating, Soil Conservation,
Fish and Wildlife, Forestry, Skish-
ing, Fly Rod Casting, Archery, In-
dian Lore, Reptiles, Bird Study,
Water Pollution, Life Saving, Radio
Communications, Seminole Indians,
The camp is supervised by the
Information and Education Division
with an Information and Education
Officer (Executive Secretary) serv-
ing as Director, while the Division
Information and Education Officers
serve as counselors. A paid cook
plans and prepares scientifically bal-
anced meals. Students majoring in
Physical Education at various uni-
versities are employed as assistant
counselors, whenever needed.

Plans are now being processed for
the construction of a Mess Hall, 100'
x 48'. Construction of cabins, 16' x
16', is also included for future en-
campments. Improvement of the
shore line is planned for 1955. Crea-
tion of a gentle-sloped sand beach
will improve conditions for swim-
ming and boating. Other future plans
include the development of an ath-
(Continued on Page 49)

Lynn Ward and companions fishing in the
famed Oklawaha River. The flyrod Lynn
is using was awarded to him in recognition
of his accomplishments which resulted in
his winning the title of "Best Camper"at
the State Junior Conservation Camp.

A good catch at the State Junior Con-
servation Camp at Ocala National Forest.




THE FLORIDA Game and Fresh Wa-
ter Fish Commission, along
with a majority of the wildlife man-
agement organizations of the other
states, recognized, several years ago,
the importance of strong public
backing in the successful conduct of
a progressive fish and game conser-
vation program. In order to obtain
this all important public support, it

is apparent that the people must be
kept informed regarding current
programs, the reasons for their in-
ception, the details of the operation,
their aims and objectives, and the
results attained. To this end, the
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission, in 1947, began the publica-
tion of a monthly magazine, FLOR-

During the past six months,
one of the most popular magazines
of its kind in the country. The ever
increasing number of paid subscrip-
tions being received from all 48
states and from several foreign coun-
tries bears out this contention.
This is the result of a reorganiza-
tion plan that started in September

- orida

The Florida Magazine

for all Sportsmen...

1953. At that time, the editorial and
managing offices were returned to
Tallahassee from Leesburg.
This was done as an efficiency
move and for the next several
months, the magazine staff concen-
trated on the assembling of files,
working out a proper mailing sys-
tem, revamping the photographic
department, and other such details
as required for the operation of a
standard monthly publication.
Early in 1954, the assignment of a
new editorial staff was considered
and the general policies and objec-
tives of an official organ such as
ed. By July, the reorganization of
the magazine staff was completed
with a total of five employees hand-
ling all editorial work, mailing, cir-
culation, advertising, photography,
and promotional activities necessary
for a scheduled publication.
Soon after this reorganization, the
duties of Information and Education,
Fairs and Exhibits, and the Wildlife
Trailer were turned over to the mag-
azine section.
The preparation of such a publi-
considered a standard and important
function of any official organization
striving to be of service to the public.
To this end, the Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission designated
FLORIDA WILDLIFE as its official

and primary medium of dissemi-
nating information regarding con-
servation in general and Florida's
activities in this field in particular.
The editorial policy was set forth
as follows: To present to the people
of Florida, especially the sportsmen,
selected material of a technical and
factual nature regarding conserva-
tion activities plus general hunting
and fishing articles with the ob-
jective of promoting better hunting
and fishing practices.
In return for this service, the state
receives the support and cooperation
of the sporting public. This coopera-
tion means the successful enforce-
ment of regulations and promotion
of good conservation practices so
vital to Florida and to the Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission.
By September 1954, the physical
results of this reorganization became
apparent. The editorial contents im-
proved to the extent that FLORIDA
WILDLIFE was beginning to re-
ceive national acclaim and no less
than a dozen requests for permis-
sion to reprint articles appearing in
received to date.
By the end of October, the amount
of monthly monies received from
subscriptions all but tripled. Prior
to this, the average monthly income
from subscriptions was around $1200
to $1400. During November 1954, a

total of $3410.88 was received. De-
cember marked an all time high of
$3951.88 and the first month of 1955
indicated a continued expansion
when $3886.54 was received.
During 1954, FLORIDA WILD-
LIFE experienced a general increase
of paid circulation of approximately
5,000. The major part of this gain
occurred during the latter months of
1954 and is above and beyond those
subscriptions considered renewals
and replacements of expirations.
In 1953, while the magazine was
being published from offices in Lees-
burg, a drastic decline in circulation
was experienced. The number of
paid subscriptions dropped to a low
of slightly more than 12,000 during
early 1954. Soon after this an im-
proved editorial policy was estab-
lished, with a magazine that more
nearly approached the original plan
for the publication resulting.
The number of subscriptions re-
ceived began to rise each month,
with October 1954 showing a notable
increase which has continued since
that time. This situation bears out
the contention that the general sport-
ing public finds highly acceptable
an educational and informative pub-
lication such as the new FLORIDA
WILDLIFE and will gladly pay for
During 1954, the soliciting of ad-
vertising as a means of defraying
the expense of publishing FLORIDA
WILDLIFE was not emphasized. One
reason for lack of activity in this
phase of the work was the amount of
time consumed by preparation of
contents, photography, circulation,
publishing schedules, and the added
responsibilities imposed by the hand-
ling of certain I & E functions.
Another important reason for this
was due to the embarrassing adver-
tising situation suffered by FLOR-
IDA WILDLIFE while the magazine
was being commercially published
in Leesburg. It was during this time
that more than $7,000 worth of ad-
vertising was branded unauthorized
or sold through misrepresentation.
Recent auditor's reports and news-
paper comments would make it ap-
pear that this situation exists at the
present time, which is not the case.
Actually, the latest auditor's report
concerning advertising accounts that
have been stricken from the records
concerns accounts contracted prior to
August 1953. Advertising is, and will
continue to be, included in the pub-
lishing program of FLORIDA WILD-
LIFE, but only that obtained through
recognized and reputable agents and
not at any direct expense to the
Commission, except for standard
commissions paid advertising agents.




A wildlife officer checks hunting license.

VIGOROUS LAW Enforcement has
always proven to be essential
to the proper operation of a good
wildlife conservation program. So
long as it is necessary to have game
and fish laws, so long will it be nec-
essary to see that such laws are
properly enforced.
Florida's Wildlife Officers have
the gigantic task of enforcing game
and fish laws applying to approxi-
mately 39,000,000 acres of land and
water within the confines of the
State of Florida. With the second
largest woodland area in the United
States, over 30,000 named fresh-
water lakes, countless rivers and
streams, and 58,560 square miles of
territory to patrol, the Wildlife Of-
ficers are faced with a task that is
all-important and never-ending.
While in the field, the Law En-
forcement Officer represents the au-
thority, the responsibility and the
potentialities of the entire Florida
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission. To the average fisherman
and hunter, who has no other con-
tact with the Commission, the Wild-
life Officer IS the Florida Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission.
It is vitally important, therefore,
that our Wildlife Officers be men of

good character and excellent quali-
fications. Wildlife Officers must be
thoroughly trained in all techniques
of good law enforcement. It is im-
portant that they have both good
character and educational back-
ground. They must have the physi-
cal stamina necessary to a lifetime
of rugged work in the outdoors
under difficult conditions. Wildlife
Officers must have a thorough
knowledge of all current official
game and fish management prac-
tices. They must have the mental
attributes necessary to keep con-
stantly abreast of the rapid advance
in modern wildlife conservation
principles. They must, above all, be
ever courteous in all matters relat-
ing to the sportsmen and the general
public of Florida.
It takes many qualifications to
make a good Wildlife Officer. There-
fore, it is necessary that all Wild-
life Officers pass a strict mental,
physical and character examination
before being employed by the Com-
During the past biennium an aver-
age staff of 185 Wildlife Officers has
been employed by the Commission.
This average number may, at times,
fluctuate slightly according to the

current needs of an aggressive and
efficient Law Enforcement program.
One of the important aspects of
the Law Enforcement branch is that
it is subdivided geographically, cor-
responding to the present five ad-
ministrative Divisions of the Com-
mission. A force of Wildlife Officers
is therefore headed by several Area
Supervisors in each Division.
With few exceptions, the job of
a Wildlife Officer is similar in all
Divisions of the Commission. With
good automotive equipment, boats,
motors, and radio communications,
Wildlife Officers effectively cover
the entire state insofar as is
humanly practicable under the pres-
ent budgetary requirements.
When it is realized that the aver-
age Wildlife Officer must patrol al-
most a quarter of a million acres in
order to effect a state-wide cover-
age by the Law Enforcement per-
sonnel, it is evident that the task
is not an easy one.
But Law Enforcement is not the
Wildlife Officer's only duty. The
Wildlife Officer is also expected to
serve or assist in game and fish man-
agement work, community service,
special investigations, and public ap-
(Continued on Page 50)

Chief of


was set up late in the year of
1948 to serve primarily as an aid to
the Law Enforcement program. Be-
yond its primary purpose of serv-
ing as a tool for officers in the field,
the radio system has since proved
itself to be a valuable adjunct to the
Commission's continuous efforts in
achieving greater efficiency, with a
consequent saving in both time and
Set up along experimental lines
in 1948, the Communications Sys-
tem displayed such a great potential-
ity that it was given its own budget
of $18,560 to be used in developing
an efficiently designed operating
Now, the Communications Section
not only serves as a law-enforce-
ment tool, but also as an aid to
greater flexibility in the over-all
state-wide administrative functions.
The Radio Communications Sys-
tem of the Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission now has a total of
249 mobile units installed in Com-
mission vehicles, and 20 base sta-
tions located in strategic areas
throughout the State of Florida.

Base stations are now located at
Crestview, Bonifay, Panama City,
Blountstown, Tallahassee, Perry,
Live Oak, Lake Butler, Jacksonville,
San Mateo, Williston, Leesburg,
Tomoka, Lakeland, Highland Ham-
mock, Myakka, St. Cloud, Okeecho-
bee, Immokalee and Miami.
In addition, one complete base sta-
tion is on hand for proposed instal-
lation in the West Palm Beach area.
Thus, the Commission has a total of
260 radio units representing, during
the past bennium, an increase of 49
mobile units and eight fixed base
Five radio engineers are employed
by the Commission to install and
maintain this equipment. This repre-
sents an addition of one engineer
since 1952.
The headquarters of the Com-
munication Section are located cen-
trally in New Smyrna, and here are
found the necessary operating tools
of the far-flung radio system. Com-
munications Headquarters keeps ac-
curate cost records of each radio
unit, operating manuals and signal
cards which are prepared and fur-
nished to Commission personnel,

and a stock of emergency parts and
supplies maintained for the division
of radio engineers.
Significantly, the Commission's
Communications System has been
selected by the Federal Civilian
Defense Administration as a part of
the Florida Air Raid Alert Warning
System, as well as its administra-
tive circuit, and is thus tied in with
the national defense system.
Schools have been held over the
state to instruct all Commission per-
sonnel in the exact duties they are
to execute in the event of any nat-
ural or man-made disaster, and the
entire system has participated suc-
cessfully in simulated national alert
With almost 100% of the Commis-
sion field personnel equipped with
mobile radio units, the Communica-
tions System needs only two or
three more base system installations
to complete an almost perfect cov-
erage picture.
The Communications Sy stem
looks forward with anticipation to
the coming biennium and the suc-
cessful completion of the radio



State Coordinator

BY ITS NATURE, the Information
and Education program car-
ried on by the Florida Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission is
both intricate and widely diversified.
In all, the Information and Edu-
cation section is responsible for car-
rying on a total of 15 major inter-
related programs that fall roughly
into the five general classifications
of Information, Education, Publicity,
Public Relations and Internal Em-
ployee Training.
The 15 major programs that are
carried on simultaneously are: Pub-
lications, Films and Film Libraries,
News Releases, Fair Exhibits, Radio,
Television, Newspapers, Photogra-
phy, Public School Resource-Use
Education, Lectures, Information
Requests, Special Promotions, Or-
ganizations and Conventions, Junior
Conservation Clubs and League,
Employee Training Schools and

Each of these 15 major programs
contains, of course, many minor and
varied programs and projects.
In general, the Information and
Education work is carried on two
main levels: Out-of-State Informa-
tion and Education, and Intra-State
Information and Education. Of the
two, the Intra-State work has al-
ways been considered the most im-
portant phase of the Commission's
I & E work.
The Out-of-State I & E program
is carried on solely through the
state Coordinating office in Talla-
hassee. In its essence, the theme of
any programs designed for out-of-
state dissemination is to publicize
the great potentialities of fishing and
hunting in Florida. Much of this
work is involuntary in that it is
done at specific request from per-
sons, concerns and states outside of
Florida. An instance of this is shown
in the fact that approximately 60

percent of all film requests received
in the Master Film Library in the
State Coordinating Office are from
out-of-state. Informational requests
received through the mails in the
Tallahassee office are also mainly
from interested sportsmen located
outside of Florida.
The Out-of-State work continues
to be necessary and desirable just so
long as the national interest in Flor-
ida's fishing and hunting continues
to grow so rapidly as the result of
invaluable publicity received in
countless national magazines, news-
papers, books, television programs
and motion pictures. The out-of-
state work undoubtedly results in
the arrival of many hundreds of out-
of-state visitors and many prospec-
tive permanent residents.
The Intra-State work of the In-
formation and Education section is
considered to be of most vital inter-
est to the Florida Game and Fresh

Water Fish Commission. This is be-
cause the primary duty and respon-
sibility of the Game Commission is
to the Florida citizens who purchase
licenses to fish and hunt within the
It is the duty of the Information
and Education section to inform and
educate the sportsmen and citizens
of Florida to the desirability of
proper wildlife conservation in all
its facets. The I & E section is pri-
marily charged with the responsi-
bility of informing and educating the
general public as to the policies, the
work programs, the game and fish
laws and the management practices
which are being set into motion by
the Commission.
The I & E section is not, and has
never been considered to be, a
propaganda machine. Nor is it the
"brain" of the Commission. It serves,
instead, as the "tongue" of the Com-
mission, giving voice, in all possible
ways, to the official policies and
practices of the Commission. In or-
der to do its job, the I & E section
is concerned only with the true
facts concerning Florida wildlife and
its proper conservation.
The quickest way to destroy the
efficiency and power of the I & E
section would be through any at-
tempt at distortion or partial con-
cealment of the truth. The section
must always deal in whole and exact
truths, or its efficacy will be totally
lost. Nor is it the duty or the intent
of the Information and Education
section to in any way infringe upon
or compete with established private
staff or free-lance writers, editors
and programmists for newspapers,
magazines, books and radio and tele-
vision stations. Instead, it is the duty
of the I & E section to cooperate
with and assist in every possible way
all such writers and editors.
In order to effect an efficient 15-
point program on a state-wide basis,
the Staff Officer known as the State
Coordinator of Information and Edu-
cation has the assistance, coopera-
tion and advice of five Division In-
formation and Education Officers.
These Officers, located in each Di-
vision headquarters office of the
Commission, are completely respon-
sible for the proper conduct of
complete information and education
programs in the areas encompassed
by the respective Divisions.
Under the Division administra-
tive set-up, all state-wide informa-
tional or educational programs are
organized and set into motion by
the State Coordinating office. The
programs are then carried out on
a divisional, or local, basis by the

Division Officers.
Thus, when an official policy or
operation is adopted by the Commis-
sion or its Director, the informa-
tional and educational aspects are
organized and coordinated by the
Tallahassee office through the Divi-
sion offices.
The State Coordinating officer
also has complete responsibility for
all actions and programs carried on
by the Executive Secretary of the
Youth Conservation League, and the
Fair Exhibit Trailer Manager.
A concise amplification of the 15
major programs of the Information
and Education section is as follows:
It is the duty of the State Coordi-
nator of Information and Education
to prepare, process, edit and publish
numerous pamphlets, booklets and
brochures, and distribute the com-
pleted works in the most effective
manner. All such publications are
officially published by the Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission. All
out-of-state distribution of such pub-
lications is handled by the State Co-
ordinating office. Intra-state distri-
bution is handled by the respective
Division Officers. During the past
biennium, many widely-demanded
standard Commission publications
have been allowed to go out of print
as the result of insufficient printing
funds and exhausted stocks. It is
hoped that through the use of mime-
ograph and printing, many of these
standard publications, plus many
new ones, will be available for dis-
Under the Division administrative
program, film libraries are available
in each Division office for use within
the respective divisions. A Master
Film Library is also available in the
State Coordinating Office. Under
this system, all intra-state requests
for wildlife film showings are han-
dled from the Division offices, while
out-of-state requests are handled
from the Master Film Library. The
State Coordinating Office also has
the responsibility of preparing, edit-
ing and processing new motion pic-
ture films published by the Com-
mission on official activities and pro-
grams, as well as films on Florida
native wildlife.
State-wide news releases are proc-
essed and distributed by the State
Coordinating Office. Division-wide
news releases are processed and dis-
tributed by the Division I & E Offi-

News releases are one of the most
important programs carried on by
the I & E section, for it is only
through this medium that most
newspapers, radio and television sta-
tions obtain authoritative informa-
tion on Commission policies, pro-
grams and activities.
The State Coordinating Office has
responsibility for the scheduling and
handling of exhibitions for the trav-
eling educational wildlife trailer,
which contains 22 cages and tanks
of native wildlife. Originally con-
structed for display beginning Octo-
ber 1, 1952, the trailer has been
viewed by many millions of people
during the past biennium. It is ex-
hibited at numerous county fairs,
schools and communities throughout
the State of Florida.
Many local fair exhibits are sched-
uled, constructed and exhibited
through the initiative and resources
of the respective Division I & E
The radio program known as
"Florida Wildlife on the Air" was
temporarily discontinued during the
past biennium. It is hoped that this
Commission-published tape-record-
ed program will be revived, in some
form, during the next biennium, as
an educational feature.
Almost all I & E work in the me-
dium of television was performed
by the Division Officers during the
past biennium, through consultation
between the Officers and local tele-
vision programmists. It is hoped that
a more concrete television program
can be initiated by the State Coordi-
nating Office during the next bien-
Maintaining good relations with
newspaper writers and editors
throughout the state is always a
continuing program of the I & E sec-
tion. It is not the function of this
section to compete, in any way, with
newspaper writers and editors, but,
rather, to assist them in.obtaining
immediate and accurate information
on the Commission's policies and
All I & E Officers, as well as other
employees of the Commission, are
constantly available to address nu-
merous organizations throughout
the state regarding Commission pro-
grams and policies. Plans are now
being made to set up a Master Lec-
(Continued on Page 50)


Assistant Director

T HE FLORIDA Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission was
created by a Constitutional Amend-
ment passed at the general election
of 1942, and becoming effective Jan-
uary 1, 1943. Under this amendment,
there is vested in the Commission all
regulatory and management author-
ity for birds, game, fresh water fish,
fur-bearing animals, reptiles and
The Commission consists of five
Commissioners-one of whom is ap-
pointed by the Governor from each
of the five Congressional Districts of
Florida that existed as of January 1,
The overall administration of the
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission is delegated by the Commis-
sion to a Director who is appointed
by and serves at the pleasure of the
five-man Commission.
Assisting the Director, and imme-
diately under his supervision, are an
Assistant Director, a Secretary to
the Commission, personnel working
on special assignments such as spe-
cial investigators, and all Staff Of-
Staff Officers of the Commission
consist of the Business Manager,
State Coordinators of Game, Fish
and Information and Education,
Chief of Communications, Magazine
Editor and the five Division Direc-
The lines of Administrative au-
thority are as depicted in the at-
tached diagram. This diagram shows
that the Director is immediately re-
sponsible to the Commission. All
Heads of Departments, or Staff Of-
ficers, are, on the other hand, re-
sponsible to the Director. Depart-
mental personnel are, of course, re-
sponsible to their Staff Officers.
Thus, when a policy is set by the
Commission, it is administered by
the Director through his Staff Offi-
cers and their personnel.
Under this arrangement, it is the
Staff Officers' duty not only to at-
tend to their particular administra-
tive duties, but also to keep the
Director, and through him the Com-
mission itself, fully informed as to
all important activities in all admin-
istrative branches.

Prior to 1951, all Game Commis-
sion programs were organized and
put into effect from one state-wide
office in Tallahassee. This resulted
in a cumbersome procedure that re-
sulted in a loss of vital contact with
personnel working in the field, and
the local problems with which they
were constantly confronted. Staff Of-
ficers in the Tallahassee main office
were often isolated, not only from
their own personnel, but also from
the sportsmen and general public of
the State of Florida.
In an effort to overcome this oper-
ational handicap, the Administrative
set-up was decentralized to attain
closer contact with field problems
and personnel.
To accomplish this, Game Com-
mission Division offices were estab-
lished in strategically located spots
throughout the state. Five Divisions,
and offices, were located in North-
west Florida, Northeast Florida,
Central Florida, South Florida and
Everglades Florida, with headquar-
ters in Panama City, Jacksonville,
Williston, Lakeland and Okeecho-
Each Division was placed under a
Division Director, responsible to the
Commission's Director and Assist-
ant Director. The Division Directors
are directly responsible for all ac-
tivities within the geographical area
composing their Division. These in-
clude all work and personnel in law
enforcement, communications, game
and fish management, information
and education, and budgetary mat-
In order to make this operation
workable, all activities of a techni-
cal nature must be supervised
jointly by the Division Director and
the State coordinator or Staff Officer
of the appropriate function.
Thus, the Division Director, and
his personnel, are assisted, at the
upper level, by various Staff Offi-
cers. All state-wide programs set
into effect by the Commission are or-
ganized and coordinated, with the
cooperation of the Division Direc-
tors and their personnel, by the
State Coordinators. It is therefore
possible to put any overall program
into immediate effect in all points of

the state, with no discrepancies in
policy or administration. A state-
wide program is thereby operated
exactly the same in every point of
the state.
The close cooperation between the
Director, the Assistant Director, the
State Coordinators and the Division
Officers is the most important item
in the entire Administrative set-up.
Answerable to the various Staff
Officers are additional sub-supervis-
ory personnel. To the Business Man-
ager is delegated responsibility for
the State Property Officer, and
Book-keeping and Auditing person-
nel. The Game and Fish Coordi-
nators are responsible for the lead-
ers of Federal and State-wide Proj-
ects, such as the hyacinth control
program, controlled seining, deer
and turkey restoration, and water
fowl and mourning dove research
and management projects. The In-
formation and Education Coordina-
tor is responsible for the Executive
Secretary of the Junior Conserva-
tion Clubs and the Fair Exhibit
Trailer Manager. Division Directors
are responsible for division fish and
game managers, division informa-
tion and education officers, and area
Each of these is, in turn, respon-
sible for other personnel. For exam-
ple, the Area Supervisor is respon-
sible for law enforcement activi-
ties in from two to four counties in
a Division, and is directly in charge
of the activities of law enforcement
personnel in such areas.
All of the lower level supervisory
personnel actually participate in
carrying out the work concerned.
For example, Area Supervisors
spend a great deal of their time in
actual law enforcement as well as
in supervision of law enforcement
in their respective areas.
The degree to which any indi-
vidual can participate in actual work
depends, of course, upon the extent
of his administrative duties. The far-
ther up the administrative ladder he
goes, the more he is occupied with
administrative matters, and the less
he is able to participate in the work
he is supervising.
One of the most important duties
(Continued on Page 40)












o .


0) C



of the Director is the collection and
assimilation of information from the
various staff members for presenta-
tion to the Commissioners for use in
evaluating and establishing overall
policies of the Commission. It is the
Director's very definite responsibil-
ity to keep the Commissioners fully
informed as to activities in the vari-
ous phases of Conservation endeav-
ors, and as to public opinion regard-
ing any specific issue. This can be
accomplished by frequent personal
contacts with individual Commis-
sioners, and by means of periodic re-
ports covering Commission activi-
By the use of such direct de-
scending lines of authority and ad-
ministration, and by the returning
lines of responsibility, personnel
welfare and public contact, it is pos-
sible to administer a complete and
well-integrated program of wildlife
conservation for the State of Flor-


The chairman of the Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission is
Leonard A. (for Allison) Wesson of
Tallahassee, former mayor of his
home city, member and chairman of
the Leon county school board, and
a leading citizen of Florida for many
"It is my hope that while serving
as a member of this Commission, it
will be possible to eliminate the in-
fluence of pressure politics in its
operation," said he as he was ap-
pointed to the Commission of which
he became chairman January 19,
1955. He added: "It is my opinion
that in the promotion of our conser-
vation resources, education of the
people toward the need for conser-

vation is our primary responsibil-
The chairman, born in Alabama,
was brought to Ocala in 1909, at-
tended grade and high school there
and graduated from the University
of Florida in 1924 with a degree in
civil engineering. He later worked
for the state road department, then
joined the Coco-Cola Bottling Com-
pany, of which he is president.
He has served as a member of the
Tallahassee city commission and as
the mayor; has been a member and
chairman of the county school board;
and has taken a leading part in con-
servation over many years. He is a
member of the Tallahassee Ex-
change Club and of Jackson Lodge
No. 1, F. and A. M. He and Mrs.
Wesson live in Tallahassee, with a
son in the air force, a daughter mar-
ried and living in Madison. END.


Mr. Granger was born October 24,
1898, in Loris, Horry County, South
Carolina, son of Edmund Riley and
Frances (Wilkins) Granger. His
father was engaged in the turpentine
industry and in farming operations.
Perhaps his outstanding achieve-
ment has been organization of what
is now the State Forest Ranger
School of the University of Florida.
It was in January, 1947, that he as-
sisted in organizing the Columbia
Forestry School at Lake City. That

school was a non-profit corporation,
and Mr. Granger was made presi-
dent of the corporation. So success-
ful was the new school that those
responsible for its existence and con-
tinuance arranged for its transfer
to the University of Florida as a
part of the university system on
July 1, 1949. Since that time it has
operated as the State Forest Ranger
School of the University of Florida.
Mr. Granger is also president of
Granger Lumber Company, Inc. of
Lake City; president of the G.B.S.
Corporation of Lake City, a develop-
ment enterprise; director of the
Southern Pine Association of New
Orleans, Louisiana; director of the
Associated Industries of Florida, and
also a director of the local Chamber
of Commerce of Lake City and
Columbia County. Mr. Granger was
also formerly a director of the Perry
Banking Company of Perry, Flor-
ida, from 1935 to 1940. From 1926
to 1934 he was a member of the
Branford Town Council, and from
1932 to 1935 he was chairman of the
board of trustees of Branford High
He is a member of the American
Legion and the Veterans of Foreign
Wars. He was cited in General
Order No. 64 for "distinguished and
exceptional gallantry in action" at
Somme-Py, France, on October 8,
1918, and was awarded the Silver
Star Medal. He is also entitled to
wear the decorations of the French
fourragere in the colors of the
French Croix de Guerre.
Today Mr. Granger is active in
fraternal circles as a member of the
Free and Accepted Masons. He has
held the different offices of his lodge,
and has been district deputy grand
master under two grand masters of
the Grand Lodge of Florida. He is
a member, too, of the Order of the
Eastern Star, in which he has served
as associate patron and worthy pa-
tron. He is also active in the Ancient
Arabic Order of Nobles of the
Mystic Shrine. In the Benevolent
and Protective Order of Elks he is
a leading worker. He belongs to the
Lake City Shrine Club and other
groups, and attends the Methodist
Church, of which most members of
his family are members.
Riley Gordon Granger married,
August 14, 1922, in Perry, Florida,
Merle Vansickel, daughter of Harry
Ellsworth and Eva (Passmore)
Vansickel. Mr. and Mrs. Granger are
the parents of five children: Doris
Lillian, 31; Dura Glenn, 30; Marjorie
Ann, 25; Patsy Ruth, 23, and Riley
Gordon, Jr., 19.



All of his mature life, B. Brack
Cantrell of Okeechobee has been in-
terested in the outdoors and in the
sports of field and stream.
This began in Mississippi and fol-
lowed through a long and successful
business career. He was appointed
commissioner for the fourth district
January 17, 1955, and will be much
in evidence at state conferences on
conservation of wild life in the next
few years.
Commissioner Cantrell was the
owner and operator of a cattle ranch
in Okeechobee county until 1952,
when he began a semi-retirement
which ended with his new interest
in state game and fish protection.
He is a native Smithville, Miss.,
served in World War I, was in the
automobile and construction busi-
ness in Birmingham until 1923,
when he moved to Miami. In 1924
he was sales manager for the Ford
agency in Hollywood, took another
agency in Fort Lauderdale. He also
began a sod and cattle business in
1937, selling his automobile interests
in 1939 to devote full time to the
others. His ranch venture started in
The commissioner has been a long-
time member of the American
Legion, helping to build a Legion
home in Fort Lauderdale in 1936,
when he was post commander, serv-
ing later on the district board and
as district commander. He also took
an active interest in the Shrine, the
Elks and in soil conservation.
He is vice president of the Okee-
chobee County Cattle Association,
but expects to devote most of his
time to the work of the game and
fresh water fish commission and its
program of conservation.


More public land for hunting and
continued support of conservation
groups are objectives of Talmadge
C. Hart, Wauchula cattleman and
grower who was appointed to the
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission January 17, 1955, for a three-
year term.
As Commissioner of District 1,
Mr. Hart will assist junior conserva-
tion programs such as now exist in
the Ocala National Forest and other
forest and park areas, training and
educating young people in sound
management practices and in the
conservation of wildlife and other
natural resources. Also, as a means
toward the end of better hunting
and fishing, Mr. Hart will push the
acquisition of land for hunting pre-
serves for the public, and will ex-
pedite hyacinth control in the fresh
water lakes and rivers of the state.
The District 1 commissioner
finished his high school education
in Avon Park in 1922 and then en-
tered business with a large crate
manufacturing company in his home
town. He is a native of Paris, Tenn.
In 1936, he started the T. C. Hart
Lumber Company in Wauchula, and
has operated it successfully ever
Also, in 1938, he began to operate
cattle and citrus interests, with em-
phasis on the cattle side in purebred
Brahman and Charollaise. With
these and his lumber business, the
commissioner also found time for
many civic duties and the pursuit of
his life-long hobby of conservation.
He is now vice president and direc-
tor of the Bradenton Production


Another advocate of public hunt-
ing areas is Malcolm George Rowlett
of Wildwood, appointed to the Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission
for a five-year term on January 18,
1954. Commissioner Rowlett is of
the opinion that unless the state
moves now to acquire large areas for
public hunting, the time will soon
come when cattle, citrus and similar
industries will take over Florida
lands not otherwise closed to the
The commissioner has one hobby
which takes rank over hunting or
fishing. That is the completion of the
Lake Eaton Camp for the Junior
Conservation Club members. By
putting such facilities to use among
the growing boys of the area, he
feels that they will be taught proper
conservation and will be aids in the
fight against game law violations.
Commissioner Rowlett was picked
for this post because he had made a
name for himself among sportsmen
of Central Florida. For three recent

Credit Association, a director of the
Hardee County Cattlemen's Associa-
tion, a member of the Farmers Home
Administration Committee in
Hardee county, and a deacon in the
Baptist Church.
In 1932, Commissioner Hart mar-
ried Mabel E. Johns of Wauchula.
They have two daughters, Judith
and Shirlene. The latter is expected
to enter Florida State University
next year as a freshman.

years he was president of the Sum-
ter County Sportsmen's Association,
was treasurer for one year and di-
rector for another. He also is an
honorary member of the nearby
Lake County Sportsmen's Associ-
He is a native of Lakeland, where
he graduated from high school in
1935. From then until 1940 he
worked for the Atlantic Coast Line
railroad, then transferred to the
Seaboard and moved to Wildwood.
He is a conductor and trainman.
In Sumter county he met and mar-
ried Evelyn Smith of Center Hill.
They have one son, Roddy.
Commissioner Rowlett has been
a member of the Brotherhood of
Railroad Trainmen since 1942, and
president of Lodge No. 969 for two



E. B. ("Shorty") Jones was ap-
pointed Director of the Florida
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission September 10, 1954.
Jones, who has taken a deep per-
sonal interest in the success of the
Commission's Youth Conservation
Education Program, especially the
Junior Conservation Club League
and Camp operation, was born in
Aucilla, Florida, May 17, 1919.

As Director, Jones freely pledged
his support to any program or proj-
ect that would improve the internal
or external welfare of his Commis-
Serving his second term as Madi-
son County Representative to the
State Legislature in 1955, Jones is
also a member of the Masons, Lions
Club and the Baptist Church.
Residing in Greenville, Florida,
Jones' family is composed of his
wife, Eugenia Marie, two sons, Don-
nie, 11, and Jimmy, 7, and a girl, Re-
becca, two and a half years old.
His former business affiliations
included service station, cafe, thea-
tre, insurance agency and others.
An indication of Mr. Jones deep
interest in youth education is evi-
denced in the fact that he once vol-
untarily appeared before 35 organi-
zations in all parts of the state dur-
ing a two-week period-speaking on
the importance of the Youth Conser-
vation Camp to the future of wild-
life conservation in Florida. His one-
man speaking campaign resulted in
innumerable donations of material
and money to the camp.
Jones voluntarily resigned as Di-
rector of the Commission on March
31, 1955, in order to assume his
duties in the State Legislature as
Madison County representative.


Assistant Director

Credit for a good hunting season
in Florida can be claimed by no
special person or organization, since
a lot of various items enter into
such success, but a large part of the
credit for organizing and putting
into effect a progressive game man-
agement program-which definitely
does have a bearing on future good
hunting-can be placed on one man.
He is O. Earle Frye, Jr., Assistant
Director of the Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission.

It was during the years of 1947
and 1951, while Frye was serving
as Chief Wildlife Biologist that a
management program including the
acquisition of public hunting rights
on a tremendous acreage of private
lands was inaugurated. The suc-
cess of sportsmen in the fields and
forests this past shooting season has
ascertained that a good management
program was instrumental in pro-
viding game for this top-notch out-
door sport this year.
Frye, who was born in Tennessee
in 1917 and moved to Florida in
1925, first became interested in wild-
life as a boy hunting and fishing
near Winter Haven. He decided to
make a career of conservation when
a sophomore at the University of
Florida, where he received a Bach-
elor's Degree in Biology in 1939,
followed by a Master's Degree in
1941. He then spent one year of
training in the Department of Wild-
life Management in Agriculture and
Mechanical College of Texas.
The Assistant Director enlisted in
the U. S. Navy in June 1942 and
became a naval aviator. His two
years of sea duty were spent in anti-
submarine warfare as a torpedo
plane pilot aboard aircraft carriers
in the North Atlantic. He held the
rank of Lieutenant, Senior Grade
and received the Air Medal with
one Gold Star, and the Presidential
Unit Citation before being released
from active duty in January 1946.
After his Military service, Frye
was employed by the Florida Game
Commission to do research work on
the bobwhite quail. In 1947 he be-
came Chief Wildlife Biologist and
spent the following four years in
game management work. He was
then appointed Assistant Director
in 1951. He has written numerous
technical and non-technical articles
about wildlife and game manage-
ment programs for many different
He was appointed Acting Direc-
tor of the Commission on March
31, 1955.




Administrative Assistant

T HE FISCAL Department of the
Florida Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission has the responsi-
bility of keeping records of all re-
ceipts and disbursements for the en-
tire Commission. With the steady in-
crease and expansion in the various
Commission programs, the work of
this Accounting Department has in-
creased considerably.
During the fiscal year of 1946-47,
the Commission took in total re-
ceipts of $833,297.62. In 1947-48, this
increased to $1,024,616.59. The fol-
lowing year, 1948-49, the Commis-
sion co 11 e c t e d $1,124,927.79. In
1949-50, the steady increase of re-
ceipts continued to a final total of
$1,226,204.06. In 1950-51, receipts
totaled $1,207,657.87. In 1951-52, re-
ceipts were $1,495,315.80.
During the biennial period cov-
ered by this report, receipts totaled
$1,958,025.20 in 1952-53, and $1,878,-

498.39, for an average of $1,918,-
266.79, per fiscal year.
Thus, in eight years, the yearly
receipts of the Commission has in-
creased well over one million dol-
lars-from $833,297.62 in 1946-47 to
an average of $1,918,266.79 for the
biennial 1953-54 period.
Because of the Commission's
financial operation, whereby all
monies received are disbursed in im-
proved conservation and law en-
forcement programs, the disburse-
ments for the past eight-year period
have increased proportionately to
the increase of receipts.
SWhere, for instance, the Commis-
sion received a total of $2,702,455.28
during the biennium 1951-52, it dis-
bursed $2,892,894.34 during the same
period. During the biennium cov-
ered by this report, the Commission
collected $3,741,895.31, and disbursed

It is interesting to note that the re-
ceipts from Licenses Sold by County
Judges has shown a steady increase
for the past four years. A total of
$999,292.00 was collected from this
source in 1950-51. In 1951-52, a total
of $1,078,908.00 was received. Dur-
ing the current biennium covered by
this report, total receipts from Li-
censes Sold by County Judges was
$1,223,366.50 in 1952-53, and $1,308,-
868.00 in 1953-54.
The following pages contain a
complete statement of Commission
receipts and expenditures for the
fiscal years 1952-53 and 1953-54. We
have also prepared a financial state-
ment for the first six months of this
fiscal year of 1954-55, in order to
bring this report up to date since
these -reports are, prepared on a
fiscal-year basis rather-than: that of
a calendar year.




Financial Statement-July 1, 1952 to December 31, 1954
Statement of Cash Receipts, Disbursements and Balances

July 1, 1953 June 30, 1954 July 1, 1954 Dec. 31, 1954 Dec. 31, 1954
Item Source Item Source Item Source
Total Total Total Total Total Total

Beginning Cash Balance July 1, 1952.... $ 57,112.95 $ 94,583.86 $ 128,925.09
License Sold by County Judges ............$1,223,366.50 $1,308,868.00 $ 898,083.50
License Sold by State Office ................ 102,585.20 110,211.30 33,326.40
Revenue from Other Governmental
Agencies .............................................. 202,500.48 225,710.44 120,681.31
Revenue from Use of Property ............ 24,529.24 68,604.35 9,675.54
Revenue from Publication Magazine.. 71,499.84 31,543.96 15,699.16
Sale of Fixed Assets ............................ 87,659.24 19,867.07 3,384.65
Revenue from Other Sources ............ 245,884.60 19,064.99 3,135.14
Total Cash Receipts Schedule "A" ........ 1,958,025.20 1,783,870.11 1,083,995.70
Cancelled and Restored Warrants......... 44.42 20.00
County Judges Account ......................... 48.75
Total Cash Available ................................ 2,015,138.15 1,878,498.39 1,212,989.54

Salaries ................................ ........... 1,011,893.19 991,822.86 528,251.10
Repairs and Maintenance .................. 48,053.80 58,082.11 32,704.20
General Printing and Reproduction 137,488.73 88,96.38 70,008.17
Tel., Telegraph, Postage, Freight ........ 32,353.58 27,916.55 16,435.85
Travel ............ ...................... ...... 83,466.96 74,842.56 41,101.30
Other Contractual Services ................ 40,451.38 42,695.23 19,557.05
Motor, Fuel and Lubricants ................ 125,651.24 130,678.43 67,355.75
Materials and Supplies .................. 85,125.31 93,067.26 51,906.04
Insurance and Surety Bonds ............... 61,230.87 42,936.25 201.06
Motor Vehicles ............... .................. 180,983.46 98,611.02 24,183.00
Motor, Boats and Trailers .................... 12,227.32 4,701.50 11,728.28
Other Capital Outlay .......................... 37,999.82 50,825.35 29,660.14
Transfer to Federal Government ........ 15.846.45 17,051.10 17,218.72
Other Expenses ...................................... 36,275.34 27,087.71 7,542.41
Total Disbursements Schedule "B" ....... 1,909,047.45 1,749,279.31 917,853.07
Adjustment Account .................................. 11,280.75 26.75 101.00
County Judges Account .......................... 226.09 267.24
Total Disbursements ......... ...... ............... 1,920,554.29 1,749,573.30 917,954.07
Ending Cash Balance June 30, 1953 ..................................$ 94,583.86 $ 128,925.09 $ 295,035.47

Receipts by Source

July 1, 1952-June 30, 1953 July 1, 1953-June 30, 1954
1952-1953 1953-1954 July, 1954 to Dec. 31, 1954
Item Total Source Total Item Total Source Total Item Total Source Total

Fishing ..................... ....................... 759,625.75 777,748.00 445,194.00
Hunting ............... ..... ................. 463,065.75 504,942.50 412,822.00
Trapping ................... .............. .... 675.00 648.00 248.00
Alien Hunting .......... ............. ............ 50.00 50.00 ..
U. S. Permits ..................................... 400.00 400.00 400.00
Charlotte County Permits ................... 2,189.00 2,095.00 70.00
Goose Permits .......... .......... ........ .. ............ 1,770.00 2,577.00
State Hunting Permits ........................ 64,875.00 73,195.00 31,210.00
State Archery Permits ........................ 590.00 975.00 1,030.00
Total Sporting Licenses ................ $1,291,470.50 $1,361.823.50 $ 893,551.00

Retail Fish Dealer ................................ 14,705.00 11,960.00 9,405.00
Non-Resident Retail Fish Dealer ........ 50.00 .........-. 100.00
Wholesale Fish Dealer ....................... 3,950.00 2,250.00 2,200.00
Non-Res. Wholesale Fish Dealer ........ 1,000.00 1,500.00 2,000.00
Commercial Boat ................................. 1,988.70 1,751.30 1,323.40
Non-Res. Commercial Boat ................ 10.00
Boat for Hire .......................................... 11,680.00 12,700.00 12,401.00
Guide .......................... ..... .......... 330.00 420.00 400.00
Game Farm ......................................... 500.00 765.00 585.00
Wholesale Fur Dealer and Agents ...... 250.00 255.00 630.00
Local Fur Dealer ............................... 70.00 80.00 100.00
License to Exhibit Poisonous or
Venomous Reptiles ........................... .........45.00 75.00
Total Commercial Licenses .......... $ 34,533.70 $ 31,726.30 $ 29,219.40


Court Costs Collected ......................... 20,146.75
Miscellaneous Receipts .......................... 3,711.21
Prev. Year's License Collected ............ 31,317.00
Sale of Magazine Advertising .............. 35,730.51
Sale of Magazine Subscription ........... 34,132.25
Sale of Magazine Single Copies .......... 1,637.08
Sale of Miscellaneous Literature ........ 22,00
Sale of Old Equipment ......................... 87,659.24
Sale of Confiscated Equipment .......... 993.66
Sale of Rough Fish ................................ 854.30
Sale of Timber ........................ .. 1,557.69
Sale of Land ......................... ..........
Sale of Turkey and Quail .................... 82.00
Sale of Radio Program .................... 21.30
Fish Inspection Service ........................ 207,325.44
Dingell-Johnson ..................................... 41,993.39
Pittman-Robertson ................................ 140,360.44
Palm Beach Oil Lease ........................ 16,706.74
Charlotte County Grazing Lease ........ 7,822.50
Charlotte County Oil Lease ................. ........
Prev. Year's Hunting Permits
Collected ......................... ...... ...........
Prev. Year's Hunting Permits
Collected ............... ......................... ............
Total Other Sources ....................
TOTAL RECEIPTS ...............................
Less Credit for Prior Year's Licenses..
Total Net Receipts ........................................




$ 632,073.50

$ 390,320.31






$ 161,225.30


July 1, 1952-June 30, 1953 July 1, 1953-June 30, 1954 July 1, 1954 to Dec. 31, 1954
1952-1953 1953-1954 7-1-54 to 12-31-54
Total Total Total
Item Item Item

Salaries ................................................. 1,011,893.19 991,822.86 528,251.10
Prof. Fees and Consulting Service ...... 187.00 1,589.30 296.00
Advertising Florida's Commodities .. ............ 573.92 ....
Tel., Telegraph, Postage and Freight 32,353.58 27,916.55 16,435.85
General Printing .................................. 137,488.73 88,961.38 70,008.17
Repairs and Maintenance .................. 48,053.80 58,082.11 32,704.20
Travel ............................... ................ 83,466.96 74,842.56 41,101.30
Utilities ................................ ...... ... ....... 3,898.50 3,617.32 1,422.57
Other Conractural Services ................ 40,451.38 42,695.23 19,557.05
Bedding, Clothing, Linen and Other
Textile Products ................................ 505.75 1,153.24 1,561.93
Bldg. Const. Mat. and Supplies ............ 6627.19 7,255.80 4,080.57
Coal, Fuel and Oil ............................... 591,68 244.77 69.79
Ed., Med., Scient. and Agri. Mat. ........ 28,847.16 27,769.25 14,075.37
Food Products ....................................... 3,150.84 1,817.05 1,967.14
Maintenance Materials and
Supplies ... ................................. ...... 32,519.76 38,253.10 19,014.51
Motor Fuel and Lubricant .................. 125,651.24 130,678.43 67,355.75
Office Material and Supplies ................ 6,095.09 7,472.01 3,417.75
Other Material and Supplies .............. 14,006.71 19,572.90 7,788.77
Insurance and Surety Bonds ............... 61,240.87 42,936.25 201.06
Pensions and Benefits .......................... 50.00 600.00 300.00
Rental of Bldg. and Equip. ............. 6,368.73 8,657.73 2,727.65
Other Current Charges and Oblig. ._.. 3,048.85 1,478.58 226.40
Books ................................. ...... ........ 50.21 35.25 6.00
Building and Fixed Equip. ................. 7,480.40 5,123.67 1,507.45
Ed., Med., Scient. and Agri. Equip .... 1,617.60 1,873.73 6,719.57
Motor Vehicles ....................................... 180,983.46 98,611.02 24,183.00
Motors, Boats and Trailers ................. 12,227.32 4,701.50 11,978.28
Office Furniture and Equipment ...... 3,960.33 4,412,84 2,737.86
Land .................. ................................... 2,394.85 ...........
Other Structures and Improvements. ............ 620.00 460.40
Other Capital Outlay .......................... 37,999.82 38,759.86 17,978.86
Revolving Fund ................................ --....................... 2,500.00
Dist. and Transfer to Other Funds .... 15,846.45 17,051.10 17,218.72
TOTAL .................................. $1.909,047.45 $1,749,279.31 $ 917,853.07


1952-1953 1953-1954 July to December; 1954

SCHEDULE "B"-Disbursements Budget Department Budget Department Budget Department
by Departments Total Total Total Total Total Total

Salaries ...................... ..$ 49,354.03 $ 30,249.27 $ 17,054.74
General Expense .......... .... ........... 55,356.06 56,487.82 38,892.81
Capital Outlay ............................. 8,413.31 $113,123.40 2,822.99 $89,566.08 603.77 $56,551.32

Salaries .......................--.....- 17,245.20 26,777.51 13,454.76
General Expense ............................ 1,192.11 2,408.62 418.62
Capital Outlay .............................. 297.93 18,735.24 660.72 29,846.85 648.35 14,521.73

Salaries ............. .............. 16,936.96 17,754.00 9,033.00
General Expense ........................ 13,803.31 14,666.23 7,353.49
Capital Outlay .....................-----.- 28,440.06 59,180.33 27,946.43 60,366.66 18,183.40 34,569.89

Salaries .......... ................... 14,171.95 9,491.73 3,717.50
General Expense ......................- 31,767.63 14,623.41 6,827.64
Capital Outlay ...................--..---...- 10,260.41 56,199.99 207.50 24,322.64 684.17 11,229.31

Salaries ...... ........................ .......... 3,005.60 1,000.00
General Expense ......-............-- ... .. .......2,538.57 3,378.03
Capital Outlay ......... ...... .....--.------- ... ...... 5,544.17 ............ 4,378.03

Salaries ..... ..................... ........ ...........5,244.00 2,146.00
General Expense .. ..............------ ---. .... ..... 3,039.06 3,075.10
Capital Outlay ........... .....- ....... ....... ........... 2,756.37 11,039.43 705.87 5,926.97

Salaries .....................- 37,599.18 19,865.04 9,293.36
General Expense .........-..---....... 128,378.73 76,369.05 49,317.10
Capital Outlay ............- ...---- .....- 4,009.61 169,987.52 237.57 96,471.66 155.19 58,765.65

Salaries .... .....................................--... ..... 1,663.20 2,087.30
General Expense ........... ...-...... ------.-- ......... 604.84 482.98
Capital Outlay ....-..-.. .... .. --............ 417.64 2,685.68 ...... 2,570.28

Salaries ........... .... ............-- 4,270.00 7,708.61 4,030.50
General Expense ....................- ...... 2,664.97 3,214.77 1,027.95
Capital Outlay .............. .......... 1,763.25 8,698.22 328.50 11,251.88 ............ 5,058.45

Salaries ............ ....... 37,964.77 63,853.46 40,936.35
General Expense ............--......--- 19,559.94 17,908.66 15,713.01
Capital Outlay ........-..-.........-------- 4,000.05 61,524.76 7,812.44 89,574.56 5,443.88 62,093.24

General Expense ............. .......... 2,960.47 2,960.47 .........

Salaries ................... ..---. .-- ...-. 17,076.49 ...................
General Expense ........... ......------ 3,341.82..............
Capital Outlay ................ .....----- --.-- 1,072.20 21,490.51 ............ ..........

Salaries .. ...... ........................ ...........24,988.29 13,887.51
General Expense ...................-- ------ .. .22,524.90 12,755.49
Capital Outlay -........-.... -- ....... --- ........... --- 5,065.00 52,578.19 140.85 26,783.85

Salaries ....... ........-- ... ............. 29,682.39 ............
General Expense ....... ..... .......... 7,292.28 ..................
Capital Outlay .................................--- 10,471.16 47,445.83 ........... .......

1952-1953 1953-1954 July to December, 1954
SCHEDULE "B"-Disbursements Budget Department Budget Department Budget Department
by Departments Total Total Total Total Total Total

Salaries ..............................................
General Expense .................................
Capital Outlay .......... ..............

Salaries ....... ..... .. ... ..................
General Expense ..................................
Capital Outlay ............................

Salaries ....... ...... ..... .............
General Expense ...................................
Capital Outlay ...................................

Salaries ........................ ...........
General Expense ..................................
Capital Outlay .................... .........

Salaries ....... ........... ...............
General Expense ................................
Capital Outlay .......................................

Salaries .................... ..............................
General Expense ....................................
Capital Outlay ........................................

Salaries .......................... .....................
General Expense ............................
Capital Outlay .......................................

Salaries ......... ............... ...............
General Expense ...................................
Capital Outlay ........... ....................

Salaries ...................................................
General Expense ...........................
Capital Outlay ........................................

Salaries ................. ..... .....................
General Expense ..................................
Capital Outlay ...............................

Salaries ............................... ..........
General Expense ..........................
Capital Outlay .................................

Salaries .................. ..... .........
General Expense ......................- ......
Capital Outlay .................................

Salaries ......................... ...... ... ...
General Expense ...................-........
Capital Outlay ........... ............

Salaries ....... ............. .... ....................
General Expense .............................
Capital Outlay ....................................














196,121.85 29,566.15








201,310.76 13,258.53


206,387.84 18,083.80

204,734.16 10,032.96


170,503.00 14,757.52





















15,254.09 189,419.09













14.505.02 107,224.26
$ 917,853.07

(Continued from Page 19)

where a census was made in the
summer of 1953. This showed an es-
timated 2,000 turkeys present in the
two counties. This number has built
up from 162 birds which were re-
leased over a two year period. Prior
to this restoration program, no wild
turkeys were known to exist in the
area. Restocking success on the deer
release areas has been difficult to
evaluate since there has been insuf-
ficient time for reproduction to
make a measurable difference. Deer
damage has been on the increase
since the initiation of this project,
but the increase in lands being
cleared and used for watermelons,
citrus and other agricultural crops
is as great a factor in the increased
damage as is the increase in the
white-tailed deer population. It is felt
that at the present time most of this
damage can be adequately controlled
through proper use of chemical and
audio repellents.
One of the most important inves-
tigations projects deals with the Cen-
tral and Southern Florida Flood
Control District and plans for water
control in the St. Johns and Kissim-
mee Valleys. The task here is to eval-
uate the effects of water control
works, recommend mitigation meas-
ures and advise on' operating plans.
The size and location of the area,
involving 17 counties in central and
south Florida, make this of critical
importance. It is quite rare for a
state game and fish agency to have
a chance to take part in the planning
of such a tremendous land manage-
ment operation, and it is imperative
that the Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission make the most of this
opportunity. Activity during the past
two years can be broken down into
two general phases, administrative
and biological. Administrative de-
tails included office work, corre-
spondence, attendance at meetings,
review of engineering plans, co-
operation and liaison with various
agencies, particularly the Central
and Southern Florida Flood Control
District, the Corps of Engineers, the
U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and
the Everglades National Park. Bio-
logical work has included a study
of water levels, general effect of the
various levels on vegetation and
wildlife, census of waterfowl popu-
lations, waterfowl food habits study,
and an investigation of the Ever-
glades frogging industry. This inves-

tigation indicates the south Florida
frog resource supports a million dol-
lar industry today. It is calculated
that the annual take of frogs in south
Florida is approximately 900,000
pounds. The prices on these legs
range from 80c to $1.25 per pound.
Although the fact that the frog in-
dustry is a million dollar business
will come as a surprise to many, of
even more importance is the fact
that as late as 1948 the same indus-
try annually grossed more than $5,-
000,000. This drastic slump must con-
cern the Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission greatly. The rea-
sons for it and what to do about
them are pressing questions. It is
essential that such information as
is gathered by the present studies
be at hand before definite practical
management recommendations can
be made.
In game management as in any
other business, it is essential to know
the status of current stocks, the
harvest and replacements. To ac-
complish this, a broad survey of
wildlife harvest and economics of
hunting in Florida has been con-
ducted. This has given valuable and
much needed information on hunter
activity and game kill, facts never
before available. Because of this in-
formation, partially shown in Tables
4, 5 and 6, hunting regulations can
now be much more realistic than in
the past.
The developmental and mainte-
nance phases of the game manage-
ment program are directed toward
improving wildlife conditions on its
own lands, its leased wildlife man-
agement areas, and throughout the
state. Such work takes many forms.
There are construction and main-
tenance of fences, gates, roads, fire
lanes, and buildings. Food plots
must be established and cultivated.
Boundary lines must be posted and
controlled burning carried out. Much
work of this nature has been ac-
complished on the various wildlife
management areas during the bi-
ennium. Sixty two bridges have
been built to assist in operation and
administration of the areas and to
facilitate access by hunters. Eighty-
seven and a half miles of road have
been improved by filling, grading,
brushing and clearing. Sixty blinds
were built on the St. Marks goose
hunt area for the convenience of
hunters during the 1954 season. Con-
trolled burning has been carried out
on approximately 200,000 acres each
Eleven checking stations h a v e
been built during the biennium to
permit successful administration of

the various managed hunts. On those
areas requiring the $5.00 public
hunt area permit or other special
permit, all hunters are required to
check into and out of the area. This
cannot be satisfactorily accomplished
without the use of established check-
ing stations. Two equipment storage
sheds approximately 20'x40' were
built, one on the Blackwater and
one on the J. W. Corbett Manage-
ment Area. Thirty-three and one-
quarter miles of four point barbed
wire fence were built on the exterior
boundaries of the various areas. The
two principal jobs were one of 17
miles on the Lake Butler Manage-
ment Area and one of eight miles on
the Aucilla Management Area. These
two jobs were accomplished through
contract. Approximately 600 miles of
fire lane were plowed each year.
This was done primarily by the land-
owners with the assistance of the
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
Approximately 500 miles of ex-
terior boundary fencing were main-
tained on the various management
areas. In addition to keeping the
actual fence in good repair, this re-
quired maintenance and replacement
of gates and cattle gaps as necessary.
During the past year, a scheme of
identification painting of exterior
boundaries was adopted. This pro-
vided for the painting of the upper
portion of every fifteenth post with
bright yellow paint. In addition,
large 4'x4' management area signs
were erected at the corners and
principal entries of all management
areas. Besides this, the usual post-
ing with small metal signs was main-
tained about the outside boundaries
of all areas.
Approximately 115 nest boxes for
wood ducks were established on
the Steinhatchee and Lake Butler
Areas. A total of approximately 40
turkey feeders was maintained on
the various areas. Several experi-
mental plantings of aquatics were
made and a total of 350 acres of food
plantings was established and main-
tained during the period. These food
plantings, generally in small blocks
of one-eighth to four or five acres,
offer considerable improvement to
most natural game habitat, and have
resulted in an increase in game pop-
ulations on all management areas.
A proposal for an additional de-
velopment project has recently been
made and it is expected that ap-
proval will be received in the very
near future. This project provides
for the cutting of boat trails in the
impoundment areas of the Central
and Southern Florida Flood Control

District. Such boat trails will open
up and make accessible for public
use the vast areas of excellent fish-
ing and outdoor recreation in this
extremely fine and important area.
In addition to carrying out the
above-mentioned land management
practices, the Commission has made
satisfactory grazing, wood salvage,
and oil leases on its own lands.

(Continued from Page 7)

lakes and streams-geographically,
physically, and biologically. It will
furnish, for the first time, extremely
valuable basic information on the
inland fisheries of Florida.
Control of the destructive water
hyacinth throughout the State was
continued at an accelerated pace
during the recent months. This high-
ly popular and valuable project to
clear the fresh-waters of the State
will undoubtedly continue far into
the future.
Fish Hatchery operations and
stocking programs in private and
public waters of the State were also
continued during the past biennium.
Land acquisition was strongly em-
phasized by the Game Management
section during the past biennium,
and will continue to be strongly em-
phasized in the future. Over 2,717,499
acres of lands have been opened to
public hunting. Another 20,000 acres
in the Steinhatchee area will be put
under management during 1955.
Other acreage will be added when-
ever feasible. The opening of lands
to public hunting is considered to be
highly important to the average
hunter who does not have access to
private lands.
At the end of the biennium, there
were 17 active projects underway
in Game Management. These include
research, development and mainte-
nance programs for all of Florida's
important game species-dove, wa-
terfowl, turkey, squirrel, deer, quail
and others. Also important are the
investigation projects concerning wa-
ter and flood control and land use.
Deer and turkey restorations were
highly successful during the bien-
nium, with 567 whitetail deer and
682 wild turkeys being restocked
throughout the State. The Commis-
sion feels that its programs of game
management, research, restoration,
habitat improvement, feeder main-

tenance, land management and the
other allied game projects have been
most valuable to both the Commis-
sion and the sportsmen of Florida.
We feel that the Florida Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission has
accomplished much with its many
activities to protect and restore the
game and fish resources with its
limited funds, but we also feel that
much more remains to be done.
We're sure that with the help and
cooperation of the sportsmen and
general public we can continue to
do our job, that of conserving, pro-
tecting and restoring the fish and
wildlife for future Florida genera-
tions. END.

(Continued from Page 31)

letic field, construction of an Ad-
ministration Building, and installa-
tion of other sanitation buildings.
The Administration Building will
serve as a recreation hall and will
include lecture rooms, hospital, staff
headquarters, library, exhibit room
and platform stage. Until erection
of this building is completed, pro-
posed construction of the Mess Hall
will serve these multiple functions.
Present plans for 1955 Summer
Camp Session call for a six week en-
campment with approximately 500
campers expected to register.
On February 27, 1954, the position
of Executive Secretary was created.
He is responsible for the establish-
ment, development and operation of
any camps or grounds operated by
the Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission. He is responsible for
the equipment and material assigned
to such camps and grounds and
other such properties as may be con-
tributed, donated, or acquired. He
serves as an impartial adult advisor
to the officers, Board of Directors
and representatives of the organiza-
tion as well as those of its individual
participating clubs. He is also re-
sponsible for encouraging and estab-
lishing additional individual clubs
throughout the state of Florida. He
also draws and submits plans and
recommendations to the Board of
The trend in Youth Education is
becoming a most important program
in the field of conservation. Every
year more states are becoming cog-
nizant of this trend and are gearing
themselves for an all-out program

for young people. The Florida Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission
has recognized the importance of
this program and is making every
effort to promote and encourage the
concepts necessary for the success
of this worthwhile project. The
Commission has intelligently ap-
proached this conservation educa-
tion program by organizing the
Junior Conservation Club League
with its affiliated individual clubs.
The promotion and development of
a permanent Youth Conservation
Camp also serves notice to the peo-
ples of Florida that here the seeds
of good conservation will be impreg-
nated in the minds of our youth.
Further testimony of this resolute
idea is the creation of the position
of Executive Secretary of the Junior
Conservation Club League. It is the
hope that the Conservation Educa-
tion Program can be conducted as a
cooperative program with the State
Board of Education in the very near
Finally, it is a realization of the
Game Commission that people are
the most important resource of any
country. This being the case, it be-
comes a fundamental obligation to
help make it possible for our youth
to develop their physical and mental,
moral and spiritual possibilities to
the fullest extent to the end that
they may live rich and fruitful lives.

(Continued from Page 34)

pearances. The Wildlife Officer is
expected to make suitable speeches
before organized groups, maintain
his equipment in good working or-
der, assist in fair exhibits and spe-
cial promotions, and make many ap-
pearances in court. He is also con-
cerned with maintaining good rela-
tions between the sportsmen of the
state and the Game Commission.
And, when necessary, he assists in
search and rescue missions involv-
ing distressed persons.
In all, the Wildlife Officer has a
well-rounded schedule of duties to
perform, not the least of which is
to attend the annual Wildlife Offi-
cers Training School.
The Training School is designed
to offer all Law Enforcement per-
sonnel a complete and concise re-
fresher course in the latest available
information concerning all Commis-
sion activities. The accent is on Fish
and Game Laws, Law Enforcement
Techniques, Wildlife Code, Com-
mitment and Imprisonment, Sub-
poenas, Searches, Seizures, Forfei-
tures, the Constitution of Florida,
and allied topics. First Aid, Game
Management, Fish Management,
Wildlife Studies, Federal Court Pro-
cedures, and Field Demonstration
Work also receive specific considera-
The Commission feels that the
past results from the professional
improvement program in the Wild-
life Officers Training School have
been highly satisfactory. The an-
nual Training School has become in-
dispensable to the operation of an
aggressive and efficient wildlife con-
servation department.
The Florida Game Commission
fully realizes that only through the
cooperation of an informed and in-
terested public can game law vio-
lators be controlled, and good con-
servation practices be employed.
This is the reason why Wildlife Of-
ficers are expected to serve in so
many 'diverse duties. One of the
major duties of the Wildlife Officer
is that of assisting in the develop-
ment of an educational and infor-
mational program designed to halt
game-law violations.
The Wildlife Officer is the prin-
cipal medium through which the
general public has the greatest con-
tact with the Florida Game Com-
mission. and its programs and ac-

Total figures for Law Enforcement
Work carried on by Wildlife Officers
in the five Divisions during the past
biennium are as follows: Total No.
of Hours Spent on Land Patrol-
787,440. Total No. Miles Traveled in
Law Enforcement-3,914,677. Total
Hours Spent in Water Patrol-97,-
786. Total Licenses Checked-341,-
216. Total No. of Arrests-4,607.
Total No. of Fish Traps Seized-
17,678. Total No. Seines Seized-103.
Total No. of Hours Spent in Air
From the above figures it can be
seen that Law Enforcement is one
of the major programs in which the
Game Commission is involved.
Law Enforcement is, without
question, one of the most important
branches of the many varied pro-
grams and activities carried on by
the Florida Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission.

(Continued from Page 27)

and arranging materials for radio
and television stations. He organized
and helped keep contact with the
Junior Conservation League Clubs
which are steadily growing in num-
bers and size and have become an im-
portant part in the activities of the
division. He made periodic visits to
schools, superintendents of public in-
struction, county judges, prosecuting
officers, Chambers of Commerce, and
arranged fair exhibits, showed con-
servation films, and answered a con-
siderable amount of mail and per-
sonal requests for information and
literature. Our ten expositions have
been seen by over 350,000 persons.
Over 32,000 literature hand outs and
close to 6,200 mail outs have been
made to interested parties. At Mir-
acle Day, put on at Fort Pierce by
Future Farmers of America, over
10,000 people visited there. Seven
fishathons were successfully organ-
ized. We feel that our educational
program is being heard and read
by the public with increasing inter-
est and that violations are gradually
decreasing because of this work, in
combination with the excellent co-
operation given this department by
the wildlife officers.
The recent acquisition of land in
Hendry County will lend more aid
to our game management process.
The recent construction of a bream
fish hatchery at Okeechobee will
help solve some of our restocking

This division is proud of its part
in the Civil Defense alert practice
held on June 14, 1954.
Other duties of our organization
include furnishing information on
cattle rustlers, recovering bodies of
persons drowned while fishing, lo-
cating lost persons, fishing and hunt-
ing parties in the wilderness of the
Everglades or the vastness of Lake

(Continued from Page 37)

ture Bureau, wherein lectures on
any topic may be scheduled. The
Bureau would have on hand a large
selection of officially-approved basic
lecture material available for use by
all Commission employees.
Literally thousands of information
requests are received annually in
the State Coordinating and Division
Offices. These are handled as a rou-
tine item of business of all I & E
Special Promotions include such
items as Children's Fishathons, fish-
ing contests and other special pro-
grams usually carried on at the re-
quest of groups of individuals not
connected with the Commission.
These are especially valuable in
maintaining good relations with
communities and citizens at large.
It is the duty and responsibility
of all I & E personnel to cooperate
with all organizations requesting
assistance. Such organizations in-
clude sportsmen's clubs, rifle asso-
ciations, women's clubs, civic or-
ganizations and other comparable
groups. The I & E Officer also at-
tends many conventions in his ca-
pacity as an official representative
of the Commission.
All I & E personnel are expected
to be fully conversant in field pho-
tography. Division Officers are con-
tinually compiling photographs of
divisional activities. A Master Pho-
tographic File is now being set up in
the combined office of the State Co-
ordinator and the Magazine Editor.
This file will carry complete refer-
ence data on all Commission photo-
graphs located in all sections of the

state. Division photographic files are
also being established. All such pho-
tographs are available for use in the
Commission published FLORIDA
WILDLIFE Magazine, and also for
use in newspapers, magazines and
on television programs.
No well-rounded program of re-
source-use education has ever been
established by the Commission. The
reason for this is the lack of suffi-
cient finances to publish sufficient
material for use in public schools.
A plan to initiate a public school
conservation education program is
now being initiated. This will be
done in cooperation with the Flor-
ida State Department of Education.
A special Conservation Education
Kit folder has been prepared, and as
many complete kits will be fur-
nished to public school teachers this
year as is financially feasible wtihin
the limitations of the Information
and Education budget.
This program is more fully cov-
ered in this Biennial Report under
the section entitled "Youth Conser-
vation Education Program." Re-
sponsibility for, and supervision of,
the Executive Secretary of the
League falls under the jurisdiction
of the State Coordinating I & E Of-
It is also within the province of
the State Coordinating Office to pre-
pare, supervise and maintain all
employee training programs of a
general nature. The most important
of these employee schools is the
annual Wildlife Officers' Training
School held each summer for all
commissioned employees. This an-
nual school, soon to enter-its fourth
session, consists of a series of re-
fresher courses taught by Commis-
sion personnel to all employees. The
accent during 1955 will be on law-
enforcement, with suitable courses
in game and fish management, audit-
ing and records, information and
education, courtesy, safety and
allied topics.
In general, the Information and
Education section is charged with
the responsibility of informing and
educating the public to proper con-
servation methods and practices. It
is vitally concerned with publicizing
the activities and policies of the
Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission. It is always interested

in maintaining good relations be-
tween the sportsmen and the Com-
mission. It is, of course, interested
in employee training and morale. It
must, at all times, work in coopera-
tion with all branches of the Com-
mission in all fields, and it must
attain continuous and complete con-

tact with all Commission employees
and programs. Essentially, the In-
formation and Education section is
a service department-offering its
service to all persons connected with
the Commission, and to all sports-
men and citizens of Florida and the
United States.

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They said it couldn't be done. They said it would
never be done. But they were wrong. Just as
wrong as they could be.
For now the dream is coming true. Or, more ac-
curately, a thousand and more dreams are all coming
true, at one time and in one place. The hopes, the
visions, the ambitions and the desires of thousands of
boys and girls throughout Florida are all coming to
life on Lake Eaton in 'the Ocala National Forest.
At that place, and on June 19, 1955, the Junior
Conservation Camp will open for a series of six one-
week outings. Hundreds of youngsters will take ad-
vantage of the complete facilities located on 57 acres
held under long-term lease by the Florida Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission.
Now it is true that the camp has opened before, in
this and other locations. But it is also true that it has
never before opened as it will during 1955. For now
the complete construction plans for the camp have
been officially approved by the sponsoring Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission. Now, many persons
and organizations have pledged their assistance and

Hundreds of youngsters, as typified by the two in the photo below,
will be heading for one of the six one-week sessions at the new
camp, starting on June 19th.

And many more will soon pledge their assistance
and cooperation-in money, time and materials.
For this Junior Conservation Camp will undoubted-
ly be the most important single influence that will
affect Florida's conservation future. It is no exagger-
ation to say that this camp may be the one factor upon
which hinges the salvation of all wildlife in this State.
From this camp will graduate the fishermen, the
hunters and the conservationists of future years. In
this camp, our youth of today will be trained to be
the outdoor sportsmen and sportswomen of tomorrow.
If it is true that the future of our state and country
lies within the youth who will soon grow into adult
men and women, then, most certainly, the future of
wildlife conservation in Florida lies within our young-
sters of today.
The Game Commission realizes these facts. It has
long felt that there could be no more important pro-
gram put into effect than its Junior Conservation Edu-
cation work that is contained in the Junior Conserva-
tion Clubs, League and Camp.
The summer camp, which will undergo its fourth
year of operation in 1955, is open to all youngsters

The youthful Conservationists will receive instructions in a great
variety of activities connected with the outdoors. Competent in-
structors, specialists in their respective fields, will be on hand to
supervise and instruct the campers.

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from eight to 18 years of age who are members of
the Junior Conservation Club League of Florida.
The construction of ten modern cabins and a mess
hall this year as part of the permanent youth camp
facilities will make it possible to accommodate about
750 youngsters in groups of 125.
The Commission has already allocated a total of
$3,750 toward this construction work. The Florida
Outdoor Writers Association has contributed an ad-
ditional $200. Dr. H. R. Wilbur, president of the Flor-
ida Wildlife Federation, has pledged his assistance
and the cooperation of the organization he represents.
Cooperation in planning and construction of the
camp has also been obtained from the U. S. Forest
Service, the Marion County Board of Commissioners,
and the Florida State Road Department.
But still more assistance is needed. It will take a
total of $18,500, not counting labor, to construct the
ten cabins and messhall this year. Future construction
of an administration building and other camp facili-
ties will take additional revenue.
That sounds like a big plan and a huge amount of
money. But it is dirt cheap when you consider the

Bull sessions are on important and enjoyable part of the camp

great importance that this camp is destined to assume
in the lives of countless Florida youngsters.
Denver Ste. Claire, Executive Secretary of the
League, has said that each cabin will measure 16x16
feet and be constructed of concrete blocks at a cost
of $850 each. The mess hall, 100x48 feet, will cost
$10,000, not including kitchen equipment.
These are the bare essentials for the camp. Much
more will be added in the future, with the cooperation
of today's sportsmen.
The establishment of the long-sought permanent
Junior Conservation Camp, and the recent reinvigora-
tion of the Junior Sportsmen Clubs to a total of 51
active organizations, are concrete achievements of the
hard work done by many persons in the last few years.
More hard work is needed. And now is the time
for it.
The Game Commission has issued the word that
"Those who wish to underwrite the construction cost
of a cabin, or make donations to the Junior Conserva-
tion Camp construction program, may do so by con-
tacting the Executive Secretary, Junior Conservation
Camp, Williston, Florida."

"Outfished by a mere girl?" Horseplay is an inevitable outlet for
the abundant energy of the youthful campers.


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This architect's drawing shows the 100' by 48' mess hall, the first permanent building to be added to the camp this year. Complete
cooking, eating, and recreational facilities are included in the finished plans.

As a State agency, the Commis-
sion will not allow any solicitations
to be made in its behalf. It can only
simply state that the Camp is now
being constructed, and those who
wish to assist in the program may
do so. But all donations must be
made directly to the Camp, and not
to the Game Commission.
Those who wish to help, by con-
tributing money, time or materials,
will be welcomed by the Junior Con-
servation Club League and its Camp
supervisors. The donated materials
may be anything from concrete'
blocks to frying pans. The money
may be anything from old pennies
to new thousand-dollar checks. The

time may be the minute you spend
in talking to a friend about the
Camp, or the day or week you con-
tribute to the cause.
The purpose of the Camp? The
purpose of the League? The purpose
of the many clubs throughout the
All the answers are simple. All
the answers are the same: To instill
good conservation practices and fine
sportsmanship in the minds of
thousands of youngsters.
And, perhaps most important to
the kids themselves, to furnish a
place and a method for the kids to
have a downright good time in a true
outdoor style. For the Junior Camp

sessions may be educational, but
they are also fun, as hundreds of
youngsters who have already at-
tended will gladly attest.
So now, at long last, after many
difficulties, the permanent camp is
being built.
Now is the time when you can
easily contribute to a most worth-
while cause.
Now is the time when you can
lend a hand to the fine future of
many a youngster.
Now is the time when your help
is needed most.
Now is the time.
For the dream is coming true.

Lectures by professional men in the outdoor field are an important part of the plan of the day. The small fry outdoorsmen leave the
camp better informed on all the various subjects pertaining to better conservation practices necessary to their future hunting and fishing.
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Right, Partridge pea plantings on the Gaskin
Wildlife Management Area in West Florida.
Such plantings as these on wildlife manage-
ment areas contribute to the increase in
game and make better hunting available to
the general public.

As part of Florida's game management pro-
gram, soil is prepared for the planting of
Pensacola Bahia in the fenced plot shown in
this photograph. This plant is an excellent
quail and turkey food.


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Above, a cannon throw net, used to trap
waterfowl for banding and investigation.
Banding of birds provides much valuable
information on migration, life history, and

Below, a wildlife officer and a day's "catch"
ready to be dyed for identification.

State technicians banding trapped birds.
Many birds pass through this area in their
migration route down the Mississippi Valley.
Some have been recovered near Miami three
to five days after having been banded in
Franklin County.


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Above, birds have just been trapped and
banded and are being examined to deter-
mine their age.

Above, wild turkeys being released in DeSoto
County as part of the program of the Peace
River turkey restoration. This project has
been on outstanding success. From an
original stocking of 162 birds, these counties
now have a good population of turkeys where
formerly none of these birds were to be


Left, young turkey hen, a native wild bird
which has been caught and will be used for

Turkey feeders have proved to be extremely
worthwhile in establishing birds on new areas
in restocking operations. It is also believed
they are of benefit in increasing the carrying
capacity on natural range and thus improve
turkey populations. Left, a typical turkey
feeder set up in Collier Wildlife Manage-
ment Area. Above, another type of feeder,
placed on a platform out of reach of hogs,
thus requiring no fencing.

Lespedeza plantings provide food sources for
quail in the fall, winter, and early spring.
These are widely used and are quite valuable
in north Florida quail habitat improvement
work. In the picture below, Lespedeza seed-
lings have just been planted.

Above, an automatic quail feeder set up for
operation. These feeders, which are filled
with cracked corn or other grain, have prov-
en very successful in increasing quail popu-
lations. They have been particularly effec-
tive in South Florida, since their use is com-
patible with livestock operations. Food plots
in such an area would, of course, require
fencing, and are thus prohibitively expensive.




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