Title: Florida agriculture
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075932/00004
 Material Information
Title: Florida agriculture
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Place of Publication: Gainesville etc
Frequency: monthly (except june, july and aug.)[19]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 9- 1950-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075932
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01375465
lccn - sn 78001276
issn - 0015-3869
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Preceded by: Bulleltin

Full Text

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When livelier fuels are a must

STANDARD FARM FUELS have been first Thanks to this, there is an added liveliness
in popularity on Southern farms for three in today's clean-burning, long-running
generations. And now, Standard has a new Chevron* Gasolines and Standard Diesel
Gulf Coast refinery one of the world's fuel. When it comes to dependable fuels
largest and America's most modern and service-your Standard man delivers.

roXI gt 1 -- _

*r.d.mH., CHEVRON, CHEVRON O.r Rn'

Festival of Florida Foods
Scheduled for April 19 to 22

Last month's issue of this magazine described in detail the Festival
which proved to be so popular last year; and which comes up for a repeat
performance this month.
The event takes place in Orlando's Exposition Park in conjunction with
the Florida Industries Exposition.
The article appeared on page 9 last issue. For late information con-
tact Jack McAllister, Information Chief, Department of Agriculture, Talla-
hassee or phone him at 224-8177 area code 904.

"That trap nest you made is a dilly!"

Calendar of
April 12. Quarter-annual meeting FFBF board of
directors. FB building, Gainesville.
April 13-14. Regular meeting, SE Shippers Ad-
visory Board, Atlanta.
April 14-15. Fla. World Trade Conference. Pier
66, Ft. Lauderdale.
April 19-22. Festival of Florida Foods. Orlando.
April 23. Fla. Angus Jubilee Sale. Ocala.
April 23. Santa Rosa Quarter Horse Show. Milton.
April 23. Volusia County Cracker Day. Deland.
April 23-29. Nat. Ass'n Tobacco Distribtuors, An-
nual Convention. Miami.
April 24-29. National 4-H Conference, Washing-
ton, D.C.
April 26-27. Operation DARE. University of Flor-
ida. See page 8.
April 27. Annual Indian River County FB barbe-
cue for political candidates. See page 15.
April 28-29. Fifth annual Fla. Turf-Grass Trade
Show, Ft. Lauderdale.
May 3. First Primary.
May 24. Second Primary.
July 29. Summer meeting, SE Conference, Ameri-
can National Cattlemen's Ass'n. Atlanta.
September 19-23. Annual Convention, Fla. Fruit &
Veg. Ass'n. Miami Beach.
November. FFBF State Convention. Jacksonville.
November 17-18. Nat. Pork Industry Conference.
Waterloo, Iowa.
December. AFBF National Convention. Las
Vegas, Nev.

(For readers who plan vacation trips).

My 8-15. Int. Agricultural Show. Frankfurt,
June 2-12. Elmia Agricultural & Forestry Show,
Jonkoping, Sweden.
June 10-15. Tefado Int. Exhibition. Dongen,
June 23-July 7. Int. Food Distribution Exhibi-
tion. Copenhagen.
July 4-8. Int. Dairy Fed. 17th Int. Congress.
Munich, Germany.
July 5-8. Royal Show. Kennilworth, England.
July 7-15. Int. Grassland Congress. Helsinki.
August 11-18. Int. Congress Animal Production,
August 15-21. World's Poultry Science Ass'n Con-
gress. Kiev.
August 22-27. Int. Congress of Food Science and
Technology. Warsaw.
(Above compiled through courtesy of Scandiana-
vian Airlines, 138-02 Queens Blvd., Jamaica, N. Y.
especially for this issue. Other events will appear
in next issue. Write the editor for dates of events
not listed).

Florido Agriculture, April, 1966


By T. K. McClane, executive vice president, FFBF

BY THE TIME you receive this issue
of FLORIbA AGRICULTURE it will only be
a few weeks before the first primary.
For that reason I hope that you will read
our president's fine message on page 22
of this issue. It's extremely important
that the maximum number of individual
Farm Bureau members determine what
each candidate for public office stands
for, choose the one he wishes to support,
and then do everything he can to help
him get elected.
Under our new reapportionment it's
vital that we have as many people in the
legislature as possible who have an un-
derstanding of agriculture and the pe-
culiar problems which are confronting it
in today environment. Candidates for
office are always more responsive to the
thoughts and wishes of voters than they
are after they have been elected.
Without question, we will have an ur-
ban-oriented legislature in 1967. I have
high hopes that this will not be as dis-
astrous as most of us would have thought
ten years ago or even five years ago. We
will just have to make sure that they un-
derstand our problems and that our po-
sition is fair and right. If these two
conditions are met, I feel sure that we
will be able to muster a majority for our
As indicated earlier the 1966 Session
of Congress is concerning itself with
much legislation concerning labor, all of
which directly or indirectly affects agri-
culture. The repeal of 14b was, of
course,, a primary objective of both or-
ganized labor leaders and the Adminis-
tration. This has now been disposed of,
we think, unless it is resurrected as an
amendment to some other legislation. We
are extremely proud of the fine leader-
ship work of Senator Holland which led
to the defeat of this repeal measure. We
are also happy, as well as grateful, that
Senator Smathers' health has improved
considerably and that he was able to get
to Washington in time to vote against
this measure. I hope that many of you
have been able to drop both our Senators
a note in appreciation of their work.
I reported to you last month on H.B.
8282 which would put the federal govern-
ment into the unemployment compensa-
tion field. Due to Congressman Her-
long's leadership and other members of
his committee we also believe that this
measure is pigeon-holed for this session.
However, we will keep you posted.
Another labor measure which we
stopped last year is again being pushed
by the labor leaders and the Administra-
tion has progressed to the point where
it has been given a rule by the H6use
Rules Committee. For some reason they
are delaying bringing it up before the

House which gives us a chance to be
sure that our Congressmen know how we
feel about it. I refer to the Minimum
Wage Bill which will cause farm costs,
already at a record high, to zoom into
outer space if it passes. It would in-
crease the minimum wage from a $1.40
in 1967 and a $1.60 in 1968. Aside from
extending minimum wage coverage to cer-
tain farm operators, the main impact on
agriculture would be to increase costs for
the things farmers buy for production.
This minimum wage increase would cause
substantial increases in:
1. The cost of the $30 billion of pro-
duction goods and services that
farmers buy.
2. The cost of the $11 to $12 billion of
consumer goods and services that
farmers buy.
3, The cost of processing and market-
ing farm products-a cost shared by
farmers and consumers.
A fact often overlooked is that in-
creases in minimum wages not only boost
the wages of the lowest paid workers, but
push up the whole wage structure.
*If a semi-skilled worker's pay is shoved
up from $1.25 to $1.60 per hour, a skilled
worker who is now getting $1.75 an hour
is going to demand more money and he is
likely to get it in a market already short
of qualified manpower.
The increases in minimum wage rates
being proposed violate the so-called wage
guidelines of 3.2 percent advocated by
President Johnson, and would certainly
speed up inflationary trends.
February was the 126th consecutive
month in which the Consumer Price In-
dex was higher than in the same month
of the preceding year and the trend is
turning sharply upward.
For many of the less qualified and
skilled workers the increase in the mini-
mum wage will spell unemployment rath-
er than higher wages.
This can only lead to an "escalation"
in the war on poverty and require more
billions from the federal treasury. If
people don't want to hire high school
dropouts at $1.25, how many are going
to hire them at $1.60 per hour?
Under the bill voted out by the House
labor subcommittee, farmers who hire the
equivalent of 500-man days in any quar-
ter will be required to pay $1 per hour
in 1967, and $1.15 in 1968 and $1.30 in
1969. Roughly, this means coverage for
an operator hiring 7 men for 70 days in
a quarter. Florida farmers who would
be most affected are those producing
fruits and vegetables.
Another piece of labor legislation has
cleared the Rules Committee and is
awaiting the final push by the House
leadership. This is HR10027 called the

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966

"Common Situs Picketing Bill." This
permits employees working for one con-
tractor on a specific job to legally refuse
to work or lawfully strike in support of
another union working for another con-
tractor on the same job. Farm Bureau
has long been opposed to this kind of
legislation and we have written each of
our Congressmen in opposition to this.
As of this date, I have heard from Con-
gressmen Herlong, Cramer, Haley, Sikes,
and Gurney assuring me they would op-
pose this legislation when it is brought
up on the floor. Congressman Bennett
indicated in his letter that he would give
our petition full consideration if and
when this measure is brought before the
House. I feel sure that three or four of
the other six Congressmen will also sup-
port our position.
Continued on next page


a Droducilo tool
Make every acre a bigger
profitmaker by creating
your own "rain" where you
want it--when you want it.
End drouth worries. Obtain
higher yields and improved
For helpful information,
see your County Agent
or contact us.

Helping Build Florida

Florida Agriculture

Vol. 25, No. 4, April. 1966
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June, July and August. Owned by Florida
Farm Bureau Federation. 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville. Florida 32601. Printed by Cody
Publications. 410 W. Verona St.. Kissinunmmee,
Florida. Second class postage paid at Kis-
s;mmmee, Florida 32741. Notice of change
of address should be sent to 4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville, Florida, zip code 32601.
Hugh Waters, editor. Martha Zehner, editor-
ial assistant. Phone Gainesville area code
305, FRanklin 2-0401. Subscription $2.50;
outside U.S. $5.
Officers of the Florida Farm Bureau Fed-
eration are: Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero
Beach, President; Wayne Mixson, Camp-
bellton, Vice President; Walter J. Kautz,
Canal Point, Treasurer; Richard E. (Dick
Finlay, Jay, Secretary; and T. K. McClane,
Jr.. Gainesville, Executive Vice President.
Advertising Representatives: Cody Pub-
lications, 410 W. Verona St., Kissimmee,
Florida. Phone Area Code 305-847-2802.
Harry Hammond, Advertising Manager.

Farm Vacation Guide
May Increase Incomes
Across the nation farm vacations are
becoming more popular every year. City
families are flocking to rural areas dur-
ing their time off. This means added in-
come to farm families who can cater to
The range of situations for making side
money is wide. You may offer room
with or without meals; a cottage; camp-
ing space; horseback riding; swimming;
fishing; access to vegetables; helping with
chores and many other variations of farm
life which will appeal to city folks.
There will be no charge for the vacation
guide in this magazine. Readers who
are interested are urged to write the
editor for more details. A mail coupon
is printed below.



Editor, Florida Agriculture
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.

I am interested in making extra money by catering to vacationers on my farm.
Please send me information and details about a free listing in a column you
plan to publish.

Note: Please enclose Name
a self-addressed
envelope if possible
for our reply. Address



makes your good

earth even sweeter.
Depend on Dolime for all your dolomite and
high-calcium lime to bring your soil into
balance and to make it more responsive to
fertilizer. Dolime is exclusively produced by
Florida Southern Dolomite Ltd. of Palmetto
and Florida Lime Works Inc. of Citronelle.
For prompt courteous service phone 533-8144, Bartow, Fla.

E. C. STUART BLDG. P.O. BOX 1441 BARTOW, FLORIDA S3830 PH. 813/533-8144

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966

Continued from page 3
Although we predicted a rash of labor
legislation during this Session of the Con-
gress, we certainly didn't expect this
much this early in the Session. I think
it indicates that the union lobbyists are
planning to use the legislative approach
to reach their goals instead of using the
bargaining table. There is much evidence
that the unions will become increasingly
active in non-labor fields in a move to
hasten the full realization of a labor gov-
ernment. This is further evidenced by
the activity of the various unionlobby-
ists in farm legislation, welfare aqd pov-
erty programs, and other non-union or
non-labor legislation. This tactical change,
I think, should give us all food for
thought and perhaps concern. Thise'ay
be the appropriate time to be sure that
the public understands what some of the
long-range goals of certain labor leaders
really are.
Compulsory unionism, without a doubt,
is one of their prime objectives, together
with federalization of state jobless pay
programs, increase and extension of mini-
mum wage, etc. Many observers insist
the long-range goal is total control of the
government. Please ponder the fact that
agriculture is the only really strong seg-
ment of the American economy that is
not already intimidated by the union
leaders. Agriculture is still resisting but
the unions have worn down other strong
opponents by continual pressure. The
question is, "Do we have the will to con-
tinue?". We must.


Calendar of Events ......... :....... 2
Report to Members ................ 3
Farm Vacation Guide .............. 4
Tree Propagation ................. 5
Story of Spices ................... 6
DARE Meets in Gainesville .......... 8
Turf-Grass Meeting ................ 10
County FB Activities ............... 14
Field Services Report ........ ...... 15
Insurance Awards .................16
FA Book Department ............... 17
Report to Women ............... ..18
Rural Youth ...................... 19
Farmer's Mart .................... 20
FFBF Officers ..................... 21
President's Message ............... 22

With the aid of a telescopic site on his rifle,
this hunter is drawing a bead on a small limb
high in a towering pine tree, the kind of pine
known as a superior tree. He will shoot down/
a twig that will be grafted into a young
ordinary pine in the tree nursery of a southern
pulp and paper mill. The graft retains all
the characteristics of the parent tree. And,
as it matures, it will produce conelets from
which come seed to produce more superior
trees. This is a scene from the new educa- L
tional motion picture, described below.

WILD GAME HUNTER? No, He's After a Twig
WILD GAME HUNTER? No, He's After a Twig

The essential role that individual Southern landowners
play in supplying pulpwood raw material to the region's pulp
and paper mills is highlighted in a new educational motion pic-
ture produced by the Southern Pulpwood Conservation As-
sociation and its member pulp and paper companies, according
to an announcement by H. J. Malsberger of Atlanta, general
manager of SPCA.
Entitled "The Paper Forest," the film is in color and
sound and is 281/2 minutes long. The primary purpose of the
production, Mr. Malsberger explained, is to carry the industry's
story-its relation to the forest resource and the economic
contributions it makes-to high school students in science,
social studies, and vocational education and guidance classes.
He added that a special Teacher's Guide has been prepared as
an aid in showings of the film to student audiences.
In addition, Mr. Malsberger stressed, the movie is an en-
tertaining and informative production that adults of all ages
can enjoy. Copies will be made available on request to various
forestry, agricultural, fraternal, civic, business and other groups
in the South.
"The Paper Forest" begins with this thought:
"Paper is a commodity that is taken pretty much for grant-
ed. It's such a simple item. It's mostly used once and thrown
away. Few people can really say just how much paper they use
in a year or, indeed, tell you what paper is made from. It's
made from wood, and in a year each American consumes almost
a quarter ton of it. .."

From there, Mr. Malsberger pointed out, the movie takes
its viewers into the woodlands of the South-the hardwood
forests of the mountain slopes and the piney woods of the
flatlands-which produce more than half of the nation's pulp-
wood. The scenes then switch to the mill, showing how the
pulpwood logs are cut into chips, how the chips are reduced
to fibers, and how the fibers are transformed into the miracle
of paper. With a swing back into the forest, he continued, the
film shows how tree seedlings are grown like crops in a nursery,
and transplanted on cutover or unused land to help keep the
South's nurtured forest growing faster than it is being used.
In this sequence viewers are also shown various ways, old and
new, that pulpwood is harvested and transported to the mill.
The movie closes on the theme, Mr. Malsberger said, that
the vast complex of the South's pulp and paper mills, the thou-
sands of jobs provided by pulpwood harvesting and by the
mills, and the myriad products made from paper, altogether
constitute the total harvest of "The Paper Forest."
The film may be borrowed free (with priority given to
audiences in the 12 Southern states) by writing Modern
Talking Picture Service, 1212 Avenue of the Americas, New
York, N.Y. 10036. Return postage to their nearest library is the
only cost.
"The Paper Forest" may be purchased from Frank Willard
Productions, 1842 Briarwood Road, N. E., Atlanta, Georgia
30306, at $95.00 per print.


Hogs are hogs to most of us and the fact that they
provide pork chops, bacon and ham is always a good
story. But this is not a story about hog hogs. This is
a story about a new strain of little hogs and what they
do for people.
These people hogs are bred at the USDA research
center at Beltsville, Maryland, in a cooperative USDA-
FDA (Food and Drug Administration) project. These
hogs were first bred at the University of Minnesota
by mixing wild and semi-domestic breeds. Out of
this program came hogs genetically limited to about
a third the size of the normal farm hog. Beltsville has

been breeding the miniature hogs for a couple of
years, trying especially to breed them white skinned.
The FDA uses these little hogs in its human drug
testing research. Hogs are physiologically more like
people than any other non-primate; and they are
subject to the same ailments. They have similar food
requirements and digest much like people. They also
have peptic ulcers. A hog's heart and blood vessels
approximate those of people; and they get atheroscler-
osis (a form of arteriosclerosis, hardening of the ar-

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966

f. hart o jthe ransom ofMRome
ixA.aric. s 'Vgoth- was
then1. E s f -bulo aen- .


The Fabulous

Story of


Today, we take spices and herbs for
granted. Yet the fact is that in nearly
all recorded history, man has been closely
allied with his hunger for marvelous
The first known reference to spices
occurs in the scriptures of the ancient
Assyrians. According to their version of
the creation, the gods who made the
earth were so impressed by the difficulty
of the task that they held a celestial com-
mittee meeting before they began their
work. And while they discussed the prob-
lems of the creation, they drank sesame
seed wine.
But long before the Assyrians, men
were acquainted with spices. Very likely
the first experience with seasoning came
when primitive man wrapped meat in
leaves before cooking it on hot coals.
Their purpose was to protect the meat
from dirt and ashes; however, they soon
learned that certain leaves imparted a
pleasant new flavor to the meat.
Later the primitive tribes inhabiting
the great forests of Europe found dill,
marjoram, parsley, thyme and several
other herbs growing in their area. Gen-
erally speaking, however, the most im-
portant spices came from the East, spe-
cifically from India, Ceylon, Sumatra,
Java and other Spice Islands.
As the Greek and Roman colonizers
spread their civilizations throughout Eu-
rope, they took their knowledge of spices
with them. For example, the first mus-
tard seeds were brought to England by
Roman soldiers in 50 BC. Very quickly
the fierce tribes of Gaul and the Celtic
outlanders learned the value of these
"new" spices; and when Alaric the Visi-
goth subjugated Rome in 410 AD, he de-
manded 2,000 pounds of peppercorns as
part of his price for sparing the lives of
the inhabitants.
After the great civilization of the an-
cient Western world declined, the Mos-
lems enjoyed a complete monopoly of
the spice trade for several hundred years.
They brought spices to the great Euro-
pean ports of Venice and Seville, where

they were sold for an enormous profit,
midst frightening tales of the dangers
surrounding their origin. That a handful
of cardamon was worth as much as a
poor man's yearly wages only added to
the mystery and romance already asso-
ciated with the spice trade.
But beginning with Marco Polo more
and more travelers ventured eastward
and found where the centers of spice-
growing and spice-trading were located.
European traders organized new overland
routes to the East, bringing new names
back to the West-Kabul, Samarkand,
Trebizond, Baghdad.
By the 17th century, the Dutch had
gained complete mastery of the profit-
able spice trade, and they ruled the mar-
ket with an iron hand. If the price of
cinnamon or cloves fell too low, they
burned them. They soaked their nut-
meg in the milk of lime thus killing the
germ and preventing it from being plant-
ed elsewhere.
In the late 17th century, America ben-
efited indirectly from the spice trade as
Elihu Yale, originally a clerk for the
British East India Company (which held
a monopoly on all spice trade with India),
eventually became governor of Madras,
India and later endowed his fortune to
Yale University. In the late 18th cen-
tury and early 19th century Americans
were directly involved in the spice trade
as the clipper ships of New England be-
gan to dominate world trade. But in
1873 pirates brought the American spice
trade to a complete halt.
Meanwhile in the spice business, like
the rest of the country was moving West.
In 1835 American settlers in Texas de-
veloped chile powder by combining vari-
ous ground peppers from Mexico, thus
uncovering an entire new dimension of
American taste. In fact Mexico had been
known for its spices long before the dis-
covery of America. Cortez found" the
vanilla bean there and took it back to
Spain as one of his prize discoveries.
In recent times the increase of inter-
national trade has recreated the vogue for

foods seasoned with spices. World War
II provided an especially keen incite-
ment; hundreds of thousands of Ameri-
can soldiers brought home from the war
a taste for Oriental and Mediterranean
foods. For example, between 1948 and
1956 the sale of oregano in the United
States increased 6000 per cent. This was
primarily the effect of an extraordinary
new demand for pizza and other Italian
(Editor's Note: A section of the new
"McCormick Spices of the World Cook-
book" contains the origin and use of over
96 spices. If not available write Al Rose-
lin, Editor's Digest, 60 E. 42nd St., New
York 10017).

Lightning bolts contain many millions of
volts and tens of thousands of amperes of
electric current, cause more casualties and
much more property loss in America than
any other natural force. Lightning is the
worst destroyer of farm property, causes
fires to over 2,000 barns in an average
year, and is responsible for from 80 to 90
per cent of cattle deaths. Proper protec-
tion is strongly urged by U. S. Department
of Agriculture and other agencies. For
information on how to protect your prop-
erty from lightning write George Cappe,
director, FFBF Safety Dept., 4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville, Florida.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966



Governor Haydon Burns says:
"Statistics on agricultural production prove that Florida has one of the
strongest and most versatile farm economies in the entire nation."
(Paid political ad, paid for by committee to keep Haydon Burns Governor, J. W Shands, Treas.)

Leaders from all segments of Florida's huge agri-
business will meet at the University of Florida April
26-27 to up-date "action programs" developed two
years ago by Operation DARE.
DARE, which stands for Developing Agricultural
Resources Effectively, is a plan designed to help Flor-
ida's agriculture meet its full potential. It was first
proposed in 1964 to the Board of Control (and to lead-
ers of Florida agriculture) by Dr. E. T. York, Jr., Uni-
versity provost for agriculture.
According to Dr. York, the two-day DARE con-
ference will revamp where necessary each of the state's
commodity programs to keep abreast of new develop-
ments and trends in the respective areas of the state's
agricultural complex.
"Reports by all DARE committees will highlight
the meeting since they are pinpointing the progress
made in each area," said the provost.
Top state and national agricultural leaders will
discuss an array of other topics vital to Florida.

Included is agricultural labor, its problems and
potentials along with an outlook on meeting agricul-
ture's needs for labor. Alternative solutions to correct
seasonal labor problems will also be viewed.
The UF educator said leaders will hear about the
world's food problem and its implications to Florida
in terms of "the opportunities for expanded exports."
Pricing, taxation and zoning of agricultural lands
are other areas to be considered over the two days.
Dr. York added that the conference will look at the
changing pattern of consumer demand, including the
role synthetics play in the demand for agricultural pro-
ducts. The impact of product advertising and promo-
tion on consumption will also be discussed.
Operation DARE, because of its success in Florida,
has brought similar efforts from agricultural leaders in
other states.
The conference, open to the public, will start at
1 p.m. April 26 at the J. Hillis Miller Health Cen-
ter Auditorium.

The World's No. 1 Problem

At the rate the population is growing, how can
the world feed all its people? Startling facts that
dramatize this problem were brought to light at
a recent international conference sponsored by
Stanford Research Institute and the National
Industrial Conference Board:
In the next 35 years, the world's population
will almost double.
Biggest increases-more than 100 percent-will
come in the less developed nations of Asia, Africa
and most of Latin America, where diets already
are inadequate, and where the ratio of food pro-
duction to people already is declining.
* Just to maintain the world's present inade-

quate level of diet will require a doubling of the
world's output 'of food by the year 2000, though
nearly all of the virgin lands of the world-have
already been brought into production.

* Only a generation ago, Asia, Africa and Latin
America were regions with food surpluses which
exported grain to the more advanced countries,
especially to Europe. Now Latin America as a
whole and most of Africa are compelled to im-
port food to feed their own peoples. Red China
is forced to buy grain in large quantities. The
millions of India are heavily dependent on food
supplies from the United States-Quoted from
Reader's Digest.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966

Space Program May Aid in

Solving Pollution Problem

IF WE can send men to the moon we
ought to be able to rid our waterways
of pollution, a water pollution control ex-
pert told the American Medical Associa-
tion's Nineteenth National Conference
on Rural Health, last month.
Indeed, our space program might pro-
vide information highly beneficial to the
pollution problems encountered in our
earthly sources of water W. Van Heuve-
len, chief of Environmental Health and
Engineering Services of the North Da-
kota State Department of Health, told
medical and farm leaders meeting in
Colorado Springs.
"Some of the staggering water man-
agement problems which are involved in
manned space programs may at some
future date appear as the best solution
on our own continent," he said.
"The spacemen will live with a closed
system where all the water used will be
recovered and reused. This is the ulti-
mate in pollution control and may some-
day need to be adopted in some water
scarce areas."
According to Van Heuvelen, "Water

pollution control has become the most
discussed, the most politically potent, and
yet one of the most misunderstood of
our environmental health problems .
"Contrary to what we are sometimes
led to believe, there has been much prog-
ress made in water pollution control," he
said. Furthermore, we have the technol-
ogy and the tools for adequate waste
water treatment, together with public
support to put an end to the pollution
of waterways, he continued.
Despite all these favorable factors, how-
ever, Van Heuvelen made it clear that
there still is no single adequate solution
because "pollution problems are individ-
ual and each needs its own engineering
Not the least of these individual prob-
lems, he said, is the matter of determin-
ing what is adequate for a given locality.
And such standards in turn depend upon
the larger question of "what will be the
ultimate use of a particular waterway."
For a copy of Mr. Van Heuvelen's en-
tire talk, write American Medical Ass'n,
535 N. Dearborn St., Chicago 60610.

Photo below is another in FA's series of
farm products NOT produced in Florida.
The item is Brussel sprouts. From 75 to
100 sprouts are borne on each plant.
Bottom ones mature first so harvest is
from bottom up. The plant is a member
of the cabbage family. Two major pro-
ducing areas in the U. S. are California
and Long Island, N. Y. Jack McAllister,
chief, agricultural information, Fla. Dept.
of Agriculture says: "Apparently our cli-
mate is not suitable for production of Brus-
sell Sprouts in Florida".

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966




If you live in any one of these
24 North Florida Counties...

Alachua Dixie Jefferson Nassau
Baker Franklin Lafayette Putnam
Bradford Gadsden Leon Suwannee
Calhoun Gilchrist Levy Taylor
Clay Hamilton Liberty Union
Columbia Jackson Madison Wakulla

I Have Enjoyed Working For You In Farm Bureau!

Let Me Work For You In the State Senate!
Paid Political Advertisement

Notice Notice

Get our competitive bid before you
build, expand, or remodel your feed
mill or bulk ingredient and grain
All Jobs Welcome!

Financing & Leasing Available
P. O. Box 100A-4 Phone 485-2591

O Hammermill O Store & Dry System O Mixer
O Farmstead Buildings O Elevator E Commer-
cial System O Bulk Scales [ Store & Feed
System [ RMC Custom Designed MU1.





RECORD NUMBER of Florida turf pro-
fessionals are expected to attend the
Fifth Annual Florida Turf-Grass Trade
Show, April 28-29, in Ft. Lauderdale.
For the second consecutive year, exhibits
and business sessions of the Show will
be housed at the Sheraton Hotel with
turf research tours and equipment and
product demonstrations conducted at
Plantation Field Research Laboratory.
Participating as Exhibitors in the Show
will be nearly 60 firms supplying the
turf industry, filling 64 exhibit booths.
On display will be the very latest devel-
opments in equipment and products for
turf management, including herbicides,
insecticides and fertilizers and ranging
from the smallest of mowers through irri-
gation equipment, tractors, and spraying
Additional exhibits housed elsewhere
in the Sheraton will highlight the Uni-
versity of Florida's turf research pro-
gram, the State Department of Agricul-
ture's Turf-Grass Certification Program
and others.
The program for Thursday, April 28,
will be held at the Field Laboratory
where turf research is conducted by Dr.
Evert D. Burt, Associate Turf Technolo-

gist. Registrants at the Show will be
taken on guided discussion tours through-
out the morning to review turf research
progress during 1965-66 in the areas of
weed control, nematodes, insects and dis-
eases and aquatic weed control.
Afternoon demonstration will be con-
ducted by Show exhibitors over several
acres of turf simulating all growing con-
ditions. Proper mowing procedures, irri-
gation systems, aerating and verticutting
equipment and sod loading techniques
will be demonstrated along with turf
plots showing product use of such turf
supplies as fertilizers, nematocides and
The Florida Turf-Grass Trade Show is
sponsored by the 600-member Florida
Turf-Grass Association which also serves
as co-sponsor of the University of Florida
Turf-Grass Management Conference, held
in October in Gainesville, Florida. Act-
ing as Co-Chairmen of the Show are Dr.
Evert O. Burt and Walter D. Anderson,
Executive Secretary of the FT-GA.
Additional information and pre-regis-
tration forms for the Show may be ob-
tained from the FT-GA offices, 4065 Uni-
versity Blvd., N., Jacksonville, Florida

Southeastern Livestock Leaders to Meet in Atlanta

Coming Events Calendar

Each month this magazine pub-
lishes on page 2 a coming events
column. Anyone having information
of interest to farmers may send it
in for publication in this column
free of charge. Send to Editor,
Florida Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville, Florida.

The Southeastern Conference of the
American National Cattlemen's Ass'n will
hold its 1966 summer meeting in Atlanta,
Georgia, July 29th, according to R. M.
Braswell, Jr.. Athens, president of the
Georgia Livestock Ass'n.
Harris Swayze of Benton, Miss., imme-
diate past president of the Mississippi
Cattlemen's Ass'n is conference chair-
man. Southeastern CowBelle Ass'n rep-
resentatives are invited to hold a regional

meeting of the auxiliary at the same
Florida, Arkansas, Louisiana, Missis-
sippi, Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee,
South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Ken-
tucky and Ohio are the states affiliated
with the conference.
John Gutherie, Porterville, Calif., na-
tional president of the American Nation-
al Cattlemen's Ass'n will represent that
organization at the conference.

Florida Agriculture has at least one reader in England. Furthermore, that
reader is willing to send "real" English money in payment. This reproduction
(below) shows a check received recently in payment for one year's subscription
to this magazine. The foreign rate is $5.00. The check calls for "One pound
fifteen shillings and tenpence". At this writing the editorial staff of FA isn't
sure whether this is correct or not.



11 Onepomndffteenahillingsand Florida Agrioulture. 1-15Q'M10.

ForandonbehalfoP W.H.EVERETT & SON LTD.

01..cIo 71 <

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966

Fifth Annual Turf-Grass Trade

Show is Scheduled This Month

Phone: 533-4111 Night, 533-7642

MEMBER I Florida Citrus Nurserymen's Assn.
OF Florida Nurserymen & Growers Assn.
American Association of Nurserymen


1l011& S58 11 ,71? 501: L6 22888711' 1L


Rabbits are causing the gradual dis-
appearance of three islands off the coast
of Australia. An official report from that
country recently said: "the animals
(rabbits) have so ravenously attacked the
vegetation on Citadel, Rabbit and Mac-
quarei Islands that the soil has eroded
and is rapidly being washed away". The
rabbits were placed on the islands origi-
nally so that ship-wrecked mariners
wouldn't starve.
Television commentator Chet Huntley
owns a 175 acre beef-stock farm near
Stockton, New Jersey.

Normally India imports about 500,000
tons of grain from the U.S. monthly.
This year the imports will be increased
considerably because the worst drought
in this century destroyed much of India's A new
wheat crop. planning
The retail florist industry is a billion Europe.
dollar industry, according to an article "ameanaj
in Farm Finance, Boston, Mass. The goals are
article says that the industry is comprised needs of t
mainly of small, but hardy, businesses in page brc
contrast to the trend toward consolida- and Cou
tion and bigness in other retail lines, illustrate
maps. A
The National Farm-City Committee writing t
sponsors an annual American Agriculture Fifth Av
Farm-City broadcast contest. Top award
to a television station went to WCTV, Incomi
which covers the Thomasville, Ga. and get depr
Tallahassee, Florida area. The station's Bureau
farm director, Ed Komarek, took top a- farmers
ward in that category too. Honorable fencing".
mentions went to: WFGA-TV, Jackson- course.
ville; WFLA-TV, Tampa as well as radio offers a
station WFLA, Tampa. (The committee's director,
national headquarters are at 101 E. Erie who sigi
St., Chicago.) income t
"Nowhere has the failure of communism 13th St.,
been more apparent than in the realm of
agriculture. Red-held nations with vast "Farm
areas used for food production have failed munist t
to produce crops sufficiently large to the desi
ward off starvation. The result is that cultivate
they have had to buy wheat and other technique
food on world markets." Quoted from in freed
Life Line radio broadcast number 57. Vietnam
For the full text send 25 to Life Line, force fo
Washington 1, D.C. talk by
This magazine's oldest advertiser,
Florida Power & Light Company, saluted Farm
its millionth customer recently in Miami. hearing
FP&L bought an ad when Florida agri- agriculti
culture was started and has never Paper I
missed an issue since. tural ed
says: "A
Arizona's average net income per farm motion
is highest in the nation. It is $17,842, a tural T
gain of 5% over the previous year. West poratior
Virginia had the lowest average in 1965. Fla. De
the pro
Castor oil, one time standby in Amer- Spanish
ican medicine chests, is now used in the tial Lat
manufacture of polyurethane foam, used Florida
for refrigeration insulation, this nex


Concept of urban and rural
has appeared in postwar
In France this concept is called
gement du territoire," and its
based on a projection of the
;he French people in 1985. The 56
chure, entitled "France, Town
ntry Environment planning" is
d with numerous photos and
Free copy may be obtained by
he French Embassy Press, 972
enue, New York 10021.

e tax note to farmers. Don't for-
eciation. The Tennessee Farm
says "It's surprising how many
overlook the depreciation on
There are many more, of
The Florida Farm Bureau now
records service to members. The
Bobby R. Bennett, assists those
n up for the service with their
ax returns. Write him for infor-
care FFBF building, 4350 SW

ers have borne the brunt of com-
error and destruction. Fulfilling
re of the farmers to own and
their land and to use modern
es to produce more abundantly
lom and peace will make the
ese farmers a positive and potent
r the nation's security". From
Secretary of Agriculture in Saigon

editors across the nation are
about Florida's drive to promote
ural exports. The USDA's Farm
setter, which goes to all agricul-
itors tells about the project. It
Ln important vehicle for this pro-
is the Fla. International Agricul-
rade Council, a non-profit cor-
Swhich works closely with the
pt. of Agriculture. Included in
motion are brochures printed in
and Porteguese to inform Poten-
in American buyer of types of
livestock available." (More on
:t month).

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966

"Spun Yellow" is a new dwarf mari-
gold which grows only a foot high but is
extremely floriferous with large flowers.
Stems are long enough for cuttings and
the plant is very compact. If seeds can-
not be obtained locally write: Isabel
Zucker, director, National Garden Bu-
reau, 708 West Long Lake Road, Bloom-
field Hills, Michigan 48013 for informa-

News Item: The long inviolate monastic
communities on Mt. Athos-all male and
some a 1000 years old-have been told
the Greek government intends to ex-
propriate their uncultivated lands and
turn them over to farmers for tillings.

First region in the U. S. to be free of
brucellosis is New England. Massachu-
setts was certified brucellosis free last
month. The other NE states had already
been so declared. Other states free of
the disease are Wisconsin, Utah and the
Virgin Islands.

"Look Ahead for Food and Agricul-
ture" is the title of a new booklet pub-
lished by Agricultural Economics Re-
search. It says among other things that
present trends indicate that U. S. farm-
ers will not only be able to feed an
estimated 245 million but export 75%
more of our crops. For a copy write
USDA, Washington, D. C. 20250 and
ask for Vol. XVII, No. 1

Inflation. In Germany food costs have
gone up considerably over the past year.
Eggs are up 30% or about 19 cents each;
coffee is $2.40 per pound. In Sweden
living costs are already up 7% over last
year and still rising.

There were 38 million hogs and pigs
on U. S. farms as of March 1. That's up
1 percent over a year ago.

Blackbirds cause an estimated $15
million to agricultural crops in Ohio an-
nually. The Ohio Farm Bureau says
action needs to be taken both on the state
and national levels to control this pro-

"Good crops of game and fish cannot
live with land drainage and river-
straightening. Yet, both abuses are per-
mitted under public law 566-the Water-
shed Protection and Flood Control Act.
Streams are deepended and straightened
to speed runoff. It works, but at a price.
Game fish vanish and soil erosion is
accelerated. The new channel lowers the
water table and dries adjacent lands,
wells, marshes and ponds." These are
excerpts from a brochure entitled
"Hidden Thorn" and published by the
Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp, 460 Park
Ave., New York 10022. If copies are
desired ask for bulletin number 71.


A round-up of people and events on the local scene throughout the
state... a cross section of ideas which may be copied and expanded upon

Charles Blair, FFBF Fieldman for
District 1 reports that: County Farm
Bureau presidents and Women's Chair-
man of District 1 were guests of the re-
cent Washington County Farm Bureau
membership meeting, S. T. Holly is the
new service agent for Washington Coun-
The Bay County Farm Bureau is con-
ducting a drive to enroll new members
in their Blood Bank. The Bank has
been in operation since October, 1958
and is open to any Farm Bureau member.
The Jackson County Farm Bureau Tax
Committee met with the Tax Assessor
to hear plans for the property re-
evaluation soon to get underway in the
The Holmes County membership voted
last month to purchase a building in
Bonifay for an office. Plans are being
made to move the office to the new
location within the next few month.-
Charles Blair, Rt. 3, Box 33K, Marianna.

Kent Doke, FFBF Fieldman for district
2 reports that: J. J. Brialmont and
Bobby Bennett were speakers at the
Columbia County Farm Bureau's mem-
bership meeting last month. Mr. Brial-
mont explained Farm Bureau's ac-
complishments and discussed the up-
coming tax problem in Florida. Mr.
Bennett gave a report of the Farm Re-
cords Program. This was a dinner meet-
ing (food donated by Swift Fertilizer
T. K. McClane and Bobby Bennett
attended the Suwannee County Farm
Bureau membership meeting on March
17th. Mr. McClane reported on the tax
problems and past achievements of Farm
Bureau. Mr. Bennett reported on the
Farm Records Program. A question and
answer period was held after the reports
were given.
Duval County Farm Bureau had a
representative from the Social Security
office explain the benefits of Medicare at
the March meeting. H. E. Parmenter,
membership chairman, was presented an
award for his work in connection with the
increase in membership. The new ad-
juster, Irvin C. Molcyk, was introduced
to the members. He will be covering
Nassau, Duval, Clay, St. Johns, Flagler,


Robert Henry Nichols

President Sumter County Farm Bureau
and life-long resident of Oxford.

Suwannee County FB's Leon Gill of Live
Oak is seen presenting the Star Green
Hand Award to Lyndon Fortner at the
annual FFA banquet held in the Suwannee
High School last month. Mr. Gill is FB
service agent. (Photo by Suwannee Demo-
crat Staff).

and Putnam Counties.
The Flagler County Farm Bureau, at
its membership meeting last month had
Senator Pierce as the principal speaker.
He explained the effectiveness of Farm
Bureau in relation to our present tax
problems. Past president L. E. Wads-
worth received a trophy presented in
appreciation of his services to Flagler
County Farm Bureau.-Kent Doke, Rt. 1,

Jim Turnbull, FFBF Fieldman for
District 4 reports that: We had a good
meeting at our Presidents Conference in
Gainesville, recently. I'm sure that
many fine recommendations were made
to increase and enlarge our program. As
you know our FB ladies met at the same
time with our presidents. This seems to
have led the way in South Florida to
include our ladies more-as they can
surely support and implement our efforts.
Our good members in Collier County
took their cue from this joint meeting
and led by President Frank Nark, the
board organized a ladies committee made
up of the wives of the directors. They
met with us for what I call a real steak
Mrs. A. B. Curry was made chairman
and I know this will add strength to our
FB program in Collier-with the addition-
al support of these ladies. Collier direc-
tors also heard a report on property taxes
from Sam Golding, county tax assessor
and new president of the Florida Ass'n
of Tax Assessors. I was real pleased to
see the fine spirit of cooperation between
our board and Mr. Golding. This is

where each of our boards can be of real
assistance to our farm members.
Lewis Haveard, FFBF director of field
services, met with our Everglades FB. We
had a good meeting on our tire program
which is making real progress where we
have good dealers. The ladies also met
at the same time as our Everglades'
board. This seems to be a real benefit
to the local organization. You know we
can learn from each of our local FB's.
Let me suggest that if you have a
ladies' committee you invite them to
meet with the local board or at the same
time. And if you don't have one-form
one and see how much support and help
you have missed.
See you around the district Jim
Turnbull., Box 1298, Avon Park.

Manatee Farm Bureau's Doris Walters,
office secretary, reports that: Our county
held a meeting to explain the farm rec-
ords program recently. It was well at-
tended. Bobby Bennett and Clifford Al-
ston were here from Gainesville to ex-
plain the program. Harper Kendrick,
county agriculture agent presided. Mana-
tee County's Henry Prine of Palmetto,
attended our March meeting. (Mr. Prine
(Continued on opposite page)

The picture below was taken at a meeting
with the manager and drivers of the
Central Florida Poultry Co-Op in Orlando
last month. The dinner was sponsored by
the Farm Bureau Insurance Companies for
the purpose of presenting a certificate of
merit to the co-op for instituting a safety
program and for maintaining excellent
experience with the drivers. Since setting
up the program the company has had a
remarkable reduction in accidents, accord-
ing to George Cappe, Director of Safety
and Engineering, Farm Bureau Insurance
Companies. In the picture Co-op manager,
Mr. Hedges is seen receiving the certificate
from Robert D. Fuhrman, (Center) FB
special services representative who set up
the safety program. Orange County FB
Service Agent manager, Thurman Wright,
Orlando, looks on. (See page 16 for Mr.
Wright' recent honor).


Florida Agriculture, April, 1966


By Lewis Haveard, director FFBF Dept. of Field Services

at an all time high. We have already passed last
year's total of 33,174 and the members are still coming
in regularly.
Congratulations are due the volunteer leaders,
Service Agents, and other employees for their efforts
in making this report possible.
There are forty-one (41) counties that already
show a gain over last year. Why not let's make this
100%? Every county Farm Bureau in the state can
show a gain over last year with a little more effort.

T. B. A. DIVISION: Sales are running somewhat
ahead of the first three months of last year. We have
a good inventory of all the tire and battery needs of
our membership on hand in Gainesville. Check with
your county Farm Bureau or your T. B. A. dealer.
You can't beat the quality or the price of this Farm
Bureau service.
You may be interested to know that we sold 30,000
tires, 6,000 tubes and 1,200 batteries during 1965 to
our members and this was in spite of the fact that a
lot of counties did not participate in the Program until
late in 1965. We are looking for a better year in 1966.

members who are 65 years old or older will be par-
ticipating in the Medicare Program after July 1st. We
hope that the remaining group will eventually have a
better loss ratio. This would, of course, allow us to
offer a better rate or improve coverage to the re-
maining participants.

be holding meetings throughout the state in April to
bring to you the recommendations of Farm Bureau's
Growth Committee for expanding the Farm Bureau
services and for building a more effective Farm Bureau
organization. The Florida Farm Bureau Board of
Directors, the county presidents, and the county
Farm Bureau women chairmen are all behind Farm
Bureau's Growth Committee in their proposals to build
a better Farm Bureau. The voting delegates who rep-
resent you asked for these changes and improvements.
Be sure to contact your local county Farm Bureau to
see when the meeting nearest you will be held. You
will certainly want to be a part of this overall growth

continued from opposite page
is a member of the Florida Farm Bu-
reau's state board of directors).

Jefferson County FB was a co-sponsor
of a party in honor of the Monticello
American Post's 47th anniversary.
Speaker was Major Robert Lockridge,
Jr., deputy district engineer for the U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers. The major,
who has twice been decorated for heroism
in action in Viet Nam. All ministers of
the town, members of the churches and
members of civic clubs were invited. A
covered dish supper was also served.

Gadsden County Farm Forester Jim
Snowden has invited landowners to con-
tact him for information and assistance
with forest management problems. His
office is in the Gadsden County Farm
Bureau building, Quincy.

Palm Beach County's Farm Family of
the year was honored at the recent annual
South Florida Fair held in West Palm
Beach. The honorees were the A. R.

Harrington Family of Canal Point. Mr.
Harrington is a member of the Everglades
Farm Bureau (Western part of Palm
Beach County) and has served on the
group's board of directors three terms.

The Indian River FB's annual bar-
becue will be held April 27 at the
Jaycee Park in Vero Beach. All local
candidates are being invited to come and
present their platform to the member-
ship. Usual starting time is 4:00 p.m.
and there will be games for children.
(Indian River's Arthur E. (Art) Karst of
Vero Beach, is President of the Florida
Farm Bureau Federation. See his month-
ly message on page 22).

Jackson County Farm Bureau's office
secretary, LaVerne Long, reports that:
The County FB directors met recently
with the tax assessor and the county tax
committee to discuss the tax evaluation
problem. The FB was host for a roast
beef dinner. After the meal a question
and answer period was most informative.
(Jackson County's Wayne Mixson of

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966

Campbellton is Vice President of the
Florida Farm Bureau Federation and
also represents Florida on the American
Farm Bureau's resolutions Committee.)

Volusia County's annual "Cracker
Day" takes place April 23 in Deland.
(Volusia FB's County President Earl W.
Ziebarth, of Pierson, is also a member of
the FFBF's board of directors, represent-
ing the state at large).

Pasco County FB's Francis H. Corri-
gan, of San Antonio, has been named
honorary director of that organization.
Mr. Corrigan is a former state president
of the Florida Farm Bureau. Mrs. Cor-
rigan is presently serving on the FFBF's
board of directors.

Marion County Kiwanians, last month,
heard an address by Ray Moseley, vice
president, Florida Farm Bureau Insur-
ance Companies. The occasion took place
in the Lake Weir American Legion



Insurance Companies Hold

Annual Awards Banquet

By Sandy Johnson
Vice President Sales & Marketing
Farm Bureau Insurance Companies

Sidney Banack, Farm Bureau Agent in
Indian River County, was the top hon-
oree at the Annual Awards Dinner of the
Florida Farm Bureau Insurance Com-
panies, held recently in connection with
the Annual Sales Conference, at Gaines-
Mr. Banack is the first Florida agent
to write in excess of $1,000,000 worth of
life insurance in one year. In a picture
elsewhere on this page he is shown being
awarded a plaque for this honor. Other
pictures also record the awards which
were presented at the program.
The agenda for the sales conference
which was attended by all of the com-
panies' field personnel in the state con-
sisted of the following:
Sales and Communication Techniques

Top left picture: Dade County Special
Agent, Jerry Underwood, receiving a
plaque for writing the most new fire pre-
mium and new automobile applications.
Making the award is District Supervisor,
John Zwirz, looking on is Rudy Gossman,
Agency Manager.

Second picture: Gadsden County Agent
George Johnson receives a hail premium
award from W. H. Logan, Crop Hail

Third Picture: Pinellas County Agent
Bill Morris receiving two plaques from
District Supervisor Sam Love for the most
life insurance applications and most new
life premium.

Lower left: Thurman Wright, Orange
County Agency Manager, receiving a
plaque from Sam Love, District Sales
Supervisor, for writing the most new life
premium of any county. Looking on from
left to right are Special Agents Bob Pryor,
Harold Harvey, Frank Wilson, Jim Hudson
and Clella Wright.

by Dr. Frank Goodwin, Marketing Con-
The Umbrella Liability Policy by W.
H. Logan.
The Special Multiple Peril Package
Policy by Don Goodhard and Ray Mose-
House Trailer and Crime Coverages by
Charles Cook.
Sickness and Accident Insurance by
Sam Love.
Underwriting and Processing Proced-
ures by Jack Morgan and Marvin Evans.
Agents who participated in the pro-
gram were Sid Banack, Wayne Davis,
John Griffin, George Johnson and Leon
Bailey. Mr. D. C. Mieher, Executive
Vice President of Southern Farm Bureau
Life Insurance Company was the conclud-
ing speaker at the Saturday morning
program, with an address entitled "Mak-
ing Progress in 1966."
The 1965 Farm Bureau Insurance
Companies Sales and Production Report
is as follows:
Policies Premiums

New Fire Premium
Fire Premium in
New Vehicles
Auto Vehicles in

4,575 S 472,288

19,977 1,887,964
7,934 93,226*

48,835 3,411,926

New Life Insurance 1,855
*Coverage fees on new policies.


Premiums in each category were up over 1964.
New Fire Prem. was up 21%; Total Fire Prem.
up 6%; New vehicle prem. up 26%; Auto vehicles
in force prem. up 6% and new life prem. up 14%.

Top picture opposite page: Palm Beach
County Agent, Lloyd Benson, receiving a
Crop Hail award from John Zwirz, District
Sales Supervisor.

Second from top Opposite page: Her-
man Shaw, Lafayette, Taylor County Agent,
receiving a Crop Hail award from Frank
Boutwell, District Sales Supervisor.

Third picture: Escambia County Agent,
Leon Bailey, receiving fire applications
award from W. H. Logan.

Lower right: Indian River County Agent
Sidney Banack receiving a plaque from
John Zwirz, District Supervisor for be-
ing the first Florida agent to write in
excess of $1,000,000 of life insurance in
one year. Looking on is D. C. Mieher,
Jackson, Mississippi, Executive Vice Presi-
dent of the Southern Farm Bureau Life
Insurance Company.

16 Florida Agriculture, April, 1966

A 7



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Florida Agriculture, April, 1966




By Mrs. Geo. W. Munroe, Chairman, FFBF Women's Committee

Our workshop was quite a success this year. There jects for more participation from the members. Mem-
seems to be an increased interest in the women's pro- ber participation is very important.
gram as we have more committees participating than In order to get member participation, each county
ever before. It is good to grow and as we grow we are chairwoman should try to get as many ladies on com-
more and more being accepted as full partners in the mittees of the County Farm Bureaus as possible. Being
Farm Bureau family.
on various committees we can keep ourselves informed
We met the first afternoon and night with the pres- and help inform others about political and organiza-
idents. (County FB Presidents' conference and wom- tional issues. By political, I mean bills coming up both
en's workshop held last month in Gainesville.) All the in the State and in Washington, etc.
problems and programs of Farm Bureau were discussed.
Report of the Growth Committee; Membership; Tire We went over the program of work very hurriedly.
Program; Record; Insurance; National Legislation; I must say, as there is never as much time as needed
Taxes and Labor were discussed after a very nice at these meetings. I think our program is very good. It
smorgasbord dinner, has a lot of information in it and more can be had by
I was pleased with the interest manifested on Tues- writing me or the office in Gainesville. I certainly hope
day morning. Mr. Cordrey of the Program Develop- it will be studied and used. (Write Mrs. Munroe in
ing Division, AFBF, discussed implementing the pro- care of her home, Corry Street, Quincy, Florida or
gram of work with emphasis on county and local pro- FFBF building, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville.)

Spirit-Lifting Hat for Winter Weary Women!

Here's a hat to gladden the feminine heart. Cleverly designed by Prims for women who sew, it's made of beautiful
eyelet embroidery ruffling and trimmed with a broad band of satin. A slim buckle makes a perfect bow. Halo
buttons with satin rosebud centers, add an elegant touch to this perfect spring-into summer bonnet. The frame is
handmade, too-of soft, pliable packable fabric. All in all a hat to capture admiring second glances for women of
every age. You cannot buy this hat in any store because it's especially designed for readers of this magazine. Prims
wonderfully simple pattern and sewing instructions for this hat are available to you without charge. Just request it
from Martha Zehner, assistant to editor, Florida Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville. (If convenient please
inclose a self-addressed long style stamped envelope to help speed the pattern to you.)

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966


Florida's Rural Youth is setting a pace for production of
prime beef. Here's proof.
The four pictures were taken during the recent 4-H and FFA
annual Florida Fat Stock Show held in Tampa. The winners
photographed are:

Top: Small size Zack Edwards of Starke and his Grand
Champion of the Show and Grand Champion 4-H Division (900

Second from top: Brenda Joyner, of Plant City and her
Reserve Grand Champion 4-H (913 Ibs).

Third from top: Tom Edwards, Starke, and his Reserve
Grand Champion FFA (920 Ibs).

Lower right picture: Bill Elliott of Ft. Myers and his Reserve
Grand Champion of the Show and Grand Champion FFA (100 Ibs).

The excellent pictures were made available for this issue of
Florida Agriculture by Arthur E. Elgan, Jr., Public Relations
Director, Florida State Fair.

Lake County Farm Bureau members recently
heard high school' students voice their opinions on
the problems of water pollution. The occasion was the
annual speech contest held in Tavares. Winners
were: Wanda Webster, Lady Lake; Ricky Baysinger,
Groveland and Martha Cochran, Clermont.
Animal Science Pavilion at the University of Flor-
ida will be named in honor of Cecil W. Webb during
ceremonies set for May 5, the first day of the annual
Beef Cattle Short Course. A $10,000 scholarship fund
has been established at the U. of F. in honor of Mr.
Webb, founder and president of the Dixie Lily Mill-
ing Company.
The University of Florida Poultry Judging team
will participate in the Southern Collegiate Poultry
Judging contest, April 21-22 at Knoxville, Tenn. Team
members are Joe Persons, Jim Lawerence, Robert
Greenberg and Carlton Dindial. The coach is Dr. Jack
L. Fry, Poultry Science Dept.
See page 14 for photograph of Lyndon Fortner, of
Live Oak, as he received the annual Star Green Hand
Award presented by the FFA.

High School girls can make
this evening shell for spring
parties or for going away to
college next Fall. It's lovely
and guaranteed to do its part
to make a splendid evening.
*. It's crocheted in black metallic
"Knit-Cro-Sheen" and trimmed
in gold "Boiltex" rickrack. Free
instructions are available by
sending a self addressed
samped envelope to Martha
Zehner, assistant to editor,
Florida Agriculture, 4350 SW
13th St., Gainesville.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966


Rate: 10c per word. Mm. $2.00. Display, $10 per col. inch.
P.O. Box 67, Gratigny Branch, Miami, Fla. 33168
REGISTERED Catahoula Leopard pups, trained Cowhogdogs,
unrelated pairs, English Shepherd Border Collie pups, Trained
Border Collies. Stodghill Ranch, Quinlan, Texas.
PUREBRED AIRDALE puppies, farm raised, from healthy, in-
telligent parents. Reasonable, guaranteed, America's foremost
allround dog. Sunnydale Farm, Frederick, 6, Md. 21701.
REGISTERED ENGLISH shepherd pups. Excellent bloodlines!
Stud service. Training instructions. Sandra Ransom, 414 Martha
Lane, Martinez, Ga.
BORDER COLLIES, English Shepherd pups, unrelated pairs
$100. Started Catahoula Leopard Cowhogdogs $100. Trained
dogs $300. Magazine $3.00, sample copy 50c. Tom Stodghill,
Genealogist, Quinlan, Tex. 75474.
COMPLETE MILK processing equipment with York short time
system. W. C. McDonald, Rt. 1, Box 206, Brunswick, Ga.,
Ph AM 5-5760
WESTGO ROCK PICKER 4 ft. side pull 2000 lbs. capacity
2 or 3 bottom tractor will handle only $625 at factory,
Write WESTGO, West Fargo, N. D.
FARROWING STALLS Complete $22.95. Free Literature
Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main, Colchester, Ill.
POST HOLE DIGGER 12V-DC, Augers 2"-7" one-man operat-
ed, 5,000 in use. Fully warranted. Price range $148 to $158,
complete. Bidler Energies, McKeesport, Pa.
PIPE IRRIGATION steel used No. I shape 2,3,4,6,8 inch.
Call 739-9040, Maryland Pipe, Box 394, Hagerstown, Md.
600t' 6 & 8" Pipe /2" pipe 10c ft; I", 17-I/2c. Big dis-
cous at Perkins Pipe & Steel 4301 E. Broadway, Tampa,
WESTGO GRAIN CLEANER, all steel construction Cleans and
grades your seed and grain, grasses, milo, etc. on your farm.
Thousands in use. Satisfaction guaranteed. Write for litera-
ture and price to: WESTGO, West Fargo, N. D.
FOR SALE: All parts cheap, Cletracs, AD, AG, BD, BG, CG,
HD7, HD14, TD9, TD14, TD18, Cat. 75, D08, AC, Model L;
gas, diesel engines, parts; hydraulic dozer units. Ben Lom-
bardo, Sinking Spring, Pa. Ph (2151 944-7171, 678-1941.
Collapsible FARM-POND-FISH-TRAPS; Animal Traps. POST-
PAID. FREE information, pictures. SHAWNEE, 3934 C Buena
Vista, Dallas 4, Texas.
INSECT Pests Biting, crop-destroying, mosquitoes, moths,
boll worms, etc. 10c month. Free information. Sing Sing
Bug Chair, Box M204, Metamora, Mich. 48455.
CALIFORNIA MASTITIS Test kit. Developed at the University
of California. Paddle, applicator, record sheets and reagent
concentrate makes one gallon, $9.60 complete. Nitrofurazone
solution 0.2% gallon, $15.00, pint $3.00 postpaid. Service
Distributors, Box 296, Weatherford, Tex.
HOLSTEINS: Carrying large selection first and second calf
fresh and close-up springers. J. E. Coble, Pontotoc, Miss.
Ph. 489-4688, 489-2348.
REGISTERED POLLED Hereford cattle. All bred to or by R.W
Jones bull. 2 bulls 26 months, 1550 Ibs each; 10 younger
bulls. Ralph Downing, Rt. 4, Box 355-C, Gainesville, Fla.
Phone 376-3494.
Select Holstein & Jersey Springers
Large selection on hand at all times. Satisfaction Guaranteed
Tested for Bangs & T.B, Financing Available Phone Collect:
Bob Curley. 965-1426 or Colonel Cy Cooper, 683-0997, PALM
BEACH CATTLE CO., S232 Southern Blvd. West Palm Beach,
Florida 33406.

Heavy springer, bred or open. Also Jersey & Guernsey cows
fresh or springers. 250 to 300 head on hand at all times to
choose from. Mostly calfhood vaccinated All animals shipped
by Federal regulation of your state I deliver. ELLIS W.
TAYLOR, Route 1, Strafford, Missouri. Phone RE 6-2755.

500 head of Indiana's finest Holsteins to select from. Close
heifers and heifers due to freshen from now till fall. Calf-
hood vaccinated These heifers are sired by bulls with high
production records. W ll drp vrr dre-t to your farm.
Route 2, Box 380 Phone 317- 639-6575
10 Young, Reg. Polled Hereford Bulls. 8 large, heavy
Springer Heifers. Reg. Polled Hereford. Also few cows
fresh in with young calves by side.
Milton Ave. 501 .. Alphoretto, Go.
Phone 475-5011
Registered and Grade Holsteins
Available from top DHIA accedited herds, many using art-
ificial breeding. Heifers at all ages, good young cows. Come
and make your own selections or will buy on order at
your direct on. Financing available. Free leldman Wines.
Write-wire-phone for prices: WILL BETSCHLER, Fieldman,
Helenville, Wis. Office in Black Hawk Hotel, Fort Atkinsow
Wis. Phone JOrdan 3-2329.
Res. Phone LYnwood 3-2351 at Sullivan, Wis.

MAKE MONEY raising Guinea Pigs, Rabbits, Mink or Chin-
chillas for us. Write for free information. KEENEY BROTHERS,
New Freedom, Pennsylvania.
ALL BRAND NAME Latex products. Write for free confiden-
tial wholesale price lists. Distributor Sales, Dept. 3365, 3000
Truman, Kansas City, Mo. 64127.
COINS: 100 Lincolns 1909 up $4.95. No two alike. Earl
Sprague, Kingston Dr., Muskego, Wis. 53150.
RARE POULTRY. Pigeons and tropical birds. Stamp for illus-
trated catalog. Scott's Bird Farm, Land O'Lakes, Fla.
MARRIAGE, DIVORCE and Remarriage. The truth as taught
by Christ, $1.00 postpaid. Callaway's, Dept. B, Elkin, N. C.
OLD TIME FARM BELLS, $17.50. Write Lisk Sales, Siler
City, N. C.
UNCIRCULATED SILVER DOLLARS: 1883-0, $2.00 prepaid.
Arkansas Coin Co., P.O. Box 491, Newport, Ark.
BOXES, HARDWOOD, 14"x14"x30" (3" sides) topless.
Delivered $1.00 each by hundred. 80c delivered unassembled.
Wood Products, Box 167, DeArmanville, Ala. 36257.

Whitehouse, Florida Phone EL 6-6453 or EV 7-4383
POEMS WANTED for musical setting and recording. Send
poems. Free examination. Crown Music Co., 49-SP W. 32 St.,
New York 1.
POEMS WANTED for new songs. Send poems, Five Star Music,
6-B Beacon, Boston 8, Mass.
Write for information and prices to Grand Island Nurseries,
Inc., Box 906, Eustis, Florida 32726.
IRIS: Large Purple, 12-51.00 postpaid. Edna M. Dill, 1908
Toll Gate Road, Huntsville, Ala.
DAYLILIES named and labelled, my choice, 3 different $1.00
Pinecone ginger lily 2, $1.00 List free. Mrs. R. C. Welsh,
1118 Idlewild Dr., Tallahassee, Florida 32301.

/4 to 1" good quality. Registered & Certified.
Make Me An Offer.
Phone 533-2891
P.O. Box 243 Bartow, Florida
FLA. & VA. Business & House Trailer parking lots; also
houses & rooms for rent. Citrus land wanted, Christian tracts
free. Adrian H. Whitcomb, Box 233, Newport News, Va.
156 ACRE RANCH, adjacent large lake, good fishing, hunt-
ing. $100 per acre, two-thirds down, bal. terms. Amos Worth-
ington, Caryville, Florida.
FLORIDA DAIRY Farm, 115 acres, 131 head cattle, 121 milk-
ing. Bae, 408 gallons. On Hwy 301, mile to town, 14 miles
to Gainesville. Manuel Perry, Rt. 2, Box 291, Hawthorne, Fla.
417 ACRE DAIRY Farm, southwest Georgia, near Americus.
Dispersal sale includes 65 Holsteins, 1,300 Ib. milk base. Two
lovely homes, 3 bdrms and baths. All machinery. 30-acre
peanut allotment. 18 acres of pecans, Coastal Bermuda and
Bahia pastures, 3 wells, 3 trench silos, everything is first
class. Father and son dissolving partnership. Don Mosser,
Broker, 1800 N. Slappey Blvd., Albany Ga. Ph 912-432-2316,
436-9497 (night).
LEARN AUCTIONEERING. Term Soon. Free Catalog. The
Reisch American School of Auctioneering, Inc., Mason City
71, Iowa.
LEARN AUCTIONEERING: Write National Auction Institute,
P. 0O. Drawer B, Bryan Texas 77801.
AUCTION SCHOOL, Ft. Smith, Ark. Free Catalog. Term soon.
Home Study Courses Available.
LEARN AUCTIONEERING. Homestudy course, free sample
chant. Better, easier. Nationally recognized school. Nelson
Auction School, 16800 Whitcomb, Detroit, Mich. 48235.
FOR SALE: Nameplates., badges, truck signs, decals, pressure-
sensitive labels. Free catalog, samples and quotations. Seton
Nameplate Corp. Dept. FM, New Haven, Conn. 06505
PLASTIC POSTED LAND SIGNS, extremely durable and in-
expensive. Free Sample, Minuteman, Stanfordville, N.Y.
$2.00 to $25 each paid for COMIC BOOKS, 1933 to 1941.
Send list. Also want newspaper comics. Jones, 6900 Shoup,
Canoga Park, Calif 91304.
SENSATIONAL discovery, no sew fabric mender mends holes,
tears, rips in all fabrics in 60 seconds. Withstands washing.
boiling, ironing. $1.00 plastic bottle guaranteed. Penny-Wise
Distributors, 2419 Hamilton, Columbus, Ca. 31904.
MULTIPRINT RUGSTRIPS 3 Ibs. S1.00. "Woolbulky" earns
$1.00 lb. Faceloths doz. $1.00. Sewnotions 50 $1.00
Buttons 800 $1 00. Laces 36 yds. $1.00 Quiltpatches 2 Ibs
$1.00. Schaefer, Champlain, N.Y.

Over 2,000,000
Were sold in 1965 by members of many or-
ganizations. They enable you to earn money
for your treasury and make friends for your
organization. Samole FREE to official.
Established 1915 Cohoes, N.Y.
ZIP CODE 12407

"EXASPERATED with dull kitchen knives? Try finest American
handmade non-stainless. Free catalog. Webster House, 205
Dickinson Rd., Dept. F, Webster, N.Y. 14581."
structions. Floral Enterprize, 10175 Gravois, St. Louis 23, Mo.
FINEST BLACK FOREST Cuckoo clocks. Shipped postpaid,
surface mail (1I month) from Europe. Priced from $12.00 to
$15.25. Write for free illustrations and descriptions to Vine-
yard Enterprises, Donna, Tex. 78537.

1965-66 OFFICERS

Florida Farm Bureau
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville
Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
Wayne Mixson, Campbellton
Walter J. Kautz, Canal Point
Richard E. (Dick) Finlay, Jay
T. K. McClane, Jr., Gainesville

Richard E. (Dick) Finlay, Jay
Wayne Mixson, Campbellton
Forrest Davis, Jr., Quincy
E. H. Finlayson, Greenville
Walter Welkener, Jacksonville
Billy W. Hill, Jasper
J. J. Brialmont, Bell
E. C. Rowell, Wildwood
Charles E. Freeman, Okeechobee
Art Karst. Vero Beach
John H. Kauffman, Jr., Eustis
Bryan W. Judge, Sr., Orlando
Dudley Putnam, Bartow
A. F. Copeland, Arcadia
Henry Prine, Palmeiio
James L. Smith, Sr., Odessa
Walter J. Kautz, Canal Point
Robert L. (Bob) Clark, Jr., Ft. Lauderdale
Earl Ziebarth, Pierson
(state at large)
Mrs. Francis H. Corrigan, Bradenton
Mrs. George W. Munroe, Quincy

Farm Bureau Districts
District One: Escambia, Santa Rosa, Oka-
loosa, Walton,, Holmes, Jackson, Washington
and Bay Counties.
District Two: Calhoun. Gulf, Liberty,
Franklin, Gadsden, Leon, Wakulla, Jefferson,
Madison and Taylor Counties.
District Three: Hamilton, Suwannee, La-
fayette, Columbia, Baker, Duval, Nassau,
Bradford, Union and Clay Counties.
District Four: Dixie, Gilchrist, Alachua,
Levy, Citrus, Sumter and Hernando Counties.
District Five: St. Johns, Putnam, Flagler,
Volusia, Brevard, Indian River, Okeechobee,
St. Lucie and Martin Counties.
District Six: Marion, Lake, Seminole, Or-
ange and Osceola Counties.
District Seven: Polk, Hardee, DeSoto,
Highlands and Glades Counties.
District Eight: Pasco, Hillsborough, Pin-
ellas, Manatee, Sarasota, Charlotte and Lee
District Nine: Hendry, Palm Beach, Col-
lier, Broward, Dade and Monroe Counties
(and the Everglades Farm Bureau which is
the western section of Palm Beach County).

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966

Florida Agriculture's


This column does not offer anything for sale. It is written for information
only. Some of the products may be sold in local stores. If not a source for
information is listed.

This picture, taken at
SSoldatna, Alaska last
Winter shows radishes
6 g r flourishing in a one-
u-d fr acre fiberglass green-
Shouse. The plot is
equipped with spe-
cial high energy
fluorescent I a m p s,
which are internally
reflectorized, doing
away with the neces-
sity of conventional
fixtures. This installa-
tion is said to be the
first large scale com-
mercial venture de-
signed to grow vege-
tables indoors with-
out regard to sunlight or climate. For information about the fluorescent lamps
write and ask about "Gro-Lux", Public Relations Dept., Sylvania Electric Pro-
ducts, 730 Third Ave., New York 10017.

A new quick, easy way to transfer liquids or to empty any container
attach a "Liquid Lifter", high speed impeller unit to a drill. It will pump
6 gallons per minute and is self priming. On the farm the liquid lifter is
used for transferring spray mixes and fertilizers. For information write:
Meredith Separator Co., 349 Manufacturers Exchange, Kansas City 64105.

A new method for
controlled feeding is
called "The Feed-all".
It is a 24x30x20 inch
shell made of fiber-
glass, with non-rust
aluminum frame and
rounded safety edges.
It holds one quarter
bale of hay or any
other live-stock feed,
and scientifically de-
signed for animal
feeding in a sanitary
way. The unit is
light weight and
easily cleaned. For .
information w r i t e:
Loose & Company,
Box 1127, Canoga Park, Calif. 91304.

A new organic drain cleaner called "Drain Safe" is said to be made espe-
cially for homes with children. The manufacturer says it can be used with-
out danger to skin, hands or clothing and is odor-free. For information write
Frank Fader, Circle Research Lab., Glen Ridge, N. J. 07028.


The President's Message

By Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation

The change in the make-up of the Florida legisla-
ture is now pretty well set. The Federal District Court
in Miami has approved the reapportionment plan as
promulgated by the legislature during the March, 1966
special session, and most knowledgeable observers be-
lieve th, U. S. Supreme Court will also approve the plan.
For the first time, since adoption of the Florida
Constitution of 1885, each county in the state will not
have at least one representative in the House. Each of
the 48 Senators will represent about one hundred and
three thousand people, and each House member will
represent about forty-two thousand people, based upon
the population distribution as tabulated by the 1960
Because of the wide variation in the rate of popu-
lation growth of the individual counties since 1960,
any formula based on the 1960 census could not reflect
the populations as estimated in 1966. There are bound
to be more changes by 1970, the year of the next federal
decennial census, so reapportionment in 1971 will un-
doubtedly again cause some rather drastic changes in
the residence source requirements of legislators, both
state and congressional. For instance, Charlotte Coun-
ty has more registered voters today than total popula-
tion in 1960, and many other counties are in an almost
similar situation, while some few counties in the state
are estimated to have lost a little in population during
the past six years.
So what difference uoes all this mean to Florida
agriculture, or for that matter, to any of the many eco-
nomic or social segments of our state?
With so many new members comprising the 1967
session roster, an estimated 75% in the House, the role
of leadership will be just that much more important
and difficult. A prospective, inexperienced member of
the legislature can easily get himself pledged to a defi-
nite position on various subjects during a campaign for
election, and then find when a bill comes to the floor
that he is caught in a position from which he cannot
justify his vote either for or against such a bill simply
because he did not recognize the fact that most pro-
gressive legislation is the result of compromising several


different viewpoints into mutually acceptable legis-
The people of Florida are fortunate in that the
prime leadership of the 1967 session of the legislature
will be men of long experience, sound judgement and
unquestionable integrity. Speaker designate George
Stone, of Escambia, has the respect and support of the
entire House as now constituted, and will of a certainty
gain the same level of cooperation from newly elected
members. Mr. Stone has long demonstrated his inter-
est in, and understanding of, the problems peculiar to
agriculture, as well as the needs of labor, industry, and
tourism. Senator Verle Pope, of St. Johns, will prob-
ably be the President of the Senate. His record will
show a remarkable knowledge of the state, and of the
problems which beset the varied geographical and eco-
nomic interests of our people.
A key job for agriculture will be the continuation,
and intensification, of efforts to be sure that all mem-
bers of the legislature understand the role of the state's
number one industry: its value as an employer; as a
taxpayer; as the producer of items of food and fiber for
the sustenance of the population; as the single greatest
supplier of natural areas for recreation; as a key factor
in the maintenance of clean water and air; and as a
willing contributor to the solutions of the pressing issues
in our state; and as a strong supporter of the competi-
tive, free enterprise system.
Now is the time for all of us to be sure we know the
candidates-for Governor, the Cabinet, the Legislature,
the various judicial posts, the County Commission, the
School Board, and each and every other candidate whose
name shall appear on the ballot on May 3rd. Get to
know them, their views on vital issues, their record of
achievement, their knowledge of the special and general
problems of the local area and of the state as a whole.
As individuals, let's help elect those candidates whose
ideals and beliefs are most kindred to ours.
Informed and interested electors are the key to the
progress of our state. By all means, let's vote on May 3,
and again on May 24th if run-off, or second primary,
elections are necessary.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966


The following was suggested for this
issue by Orange County Farm Bureau
Service Agent Thurman Wright. It is
quoted from a column appearing in the
Orlando Sentinel-Star by Paul Harvey,
nationally known writer:
The red-neck farmer with calloused
hands, gamey overalls and a vocabulary
liberally interspersed with "aint's" ain't
hardly seen around much anymore. This
does not surprise those of us who ride
the range regularly. We've watched the
number of farms cut in half in the past
30 years and the net income of farmers
multiplied 61/2 times.
Often the farmer, with whom I visit in
Iowa, the rancher in Texas, the orchard-
ist in Arizona and the gardener in Flor-
ida, dresses better than I do, travels Eu-
rope more frequently than I do and flies
his family to New York to take in the
shows, which I never do.
Yet, by George, many urbanites still
retain the impression that country folks
are hicks, hayseeds and bumpkins.
When the Farm Bureau Federation
convened in Chicago last winter-4,000
delegates from 49 states-one dude news-
writer publicly marveled at the fact that
these men "wore neat business suits, their
wives were smartly dressed with the new-
est hats and most fashionable hairdos."
I am aware that not all our nation's 31.3
million farmers fly their own airplanes,
take cruises, shop Manhattan; but the
keep-it income of all farmers is presently
higher than it's been in 13 years. Today's
average farmer is concerned with scien-
tific, automated agriculture and world
markets. Today's factory farmer is a
businessman who turns raw products-
soil, water, seed and stock-into food.
The milking man's handshake is still
firm, but it doesn't bruise your hands and
knuckles as it did before the machine.
He's statistically more likely to send his
son and daughter to college than is the
city man of comparable income. Yet the
fierce independence of the farmer and
the rancher has survived pretty much in-
tact. So intact that the votes of his
minority rarely count for much any more
on Capitol Hill. Even Senators and Con-
gressmen from traditionally "agricultur-
al" areas show little concern for the rights
of his minority.
As the Supreme Court's one-man-one-
vote concept tends to deliver to the city
political control of our country, the farm-
er would be left most voiceless on pub-
lic issues-EXCEPT for the FARM BU-
REAU. As the number of farmers de-
creases, the importance of the Farm Bu-
reau increases. For this minority is
tardily recognizing that it, too, must get
organized or be ignored.
With this evolution inevitable, it is
fortunate for the now responsible mem-
bers of the agricultural community that
they have responsible spokesmen.



Without a mortgage, the average
family would never own a home of
its own. But when a mortgage be-
comes the sole responsibility of a
widow, the result can be tragic. It
can drain her income and cause her
ceaseless worry.

Contact your local Farm Bureau
Agent and let him tell you how little
it costs to provide insurance that
will pay off the remainder due on
your mortgage if the unexpected
happens to you.


P. O. Box 78 Jackson, Mississippi
For more information return coupon.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1966


Don't Make It Easy ...
for Someone to Steal your Car!
Always remove your keys and lock your car when you leave it unattended.

In case it is stolen it pays to have insurance protection.
See your Farm Bureau Insurance Agent today!

Home Office Branch Office
P. 0. Box 78, Jackson, Mississippi 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.

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