Title: Florida agriculture
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075932/00002
 Material Information
Title: Florida agriculture
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Place of Publication: Gainesville etc
Frequency: monthly (except june, july and aug.)[19]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 9- 1950-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075932
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01375465
lccn - sn 78001276
issn - 0015-3869
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulleltin

Full Text

Flrd giutr


.. .. .. ..

~ ~:~: ~I:~A~,~.......... u

..... .

P BANG! the quiet revolution hits
J fertilizer practices coast to coast!

Potato growers

now demand -'



Nitrate of Potash (potassium nitrate)

...for improved quality,

better yields and more profits!

Fertilizers containing nitrate of potash
are changing potato growing practices
... but fast!
For one reason, nitrate of potash con-
tains 44% potash, which has no chlo-
rine or sulphur to lower potato quality.
Research shows that potato fertilizers
containing substantial amounts of ni-
trate of potash significantly increase
dry matter and starch content of potato
tubers. Chip color is good. There is
also lesi after-cooking darkening of
either steamed or boiled potatoes. Crop
quality goes up!
For another reason, nitrate of potash
contains 13% nitrogen, all in the ni-
trate form. The normal development
of the potato plant is favored by the
use of fertilizers containing part of its
nitrogen in the nitrate form.

Finally, nitrate of potash offers these
other benefits.
* Essentially neutral effect on the soil.
* Completely used by plants-does not
add to the buildup of fertilizer residues
in the soil.
* Completely water soluble-immedi-
ately and readily available for use by
the crop.
* Low salt index-permits bigger rates
of application without as much danger
of "burn".

Ask your supplier for Southwest Potash
bulletins on the benefits of nitrate of
potash and for fertilizers containing
nitrate of potash.

Look for this seal at your supplier's or on his
containers when buying potato fertilizers!


Be sure and See
Page 10


February 1-12. Florida State Fair. Tampa.
February 15-20. Dade County Fair. Homestead.
February 16-20. Kissimmee Valley 20th annual
Livestock Show. Agricultural Center, Rt. 441,
between Kissimmee and St. Cloud.
February 12-19. Annual Florida Citrus Showcase.
Winter Haven.
February 18. Annual Governor's Citrus Luncheon,
Winter Haven. U. S. Secretary of Agriculture,
Orville Freeman, guest of honor.
February 18-19-20. Mid-Winter Silver Spurs Ro-
deo. 2:30 p.m. daily. (Held as part of Kissim-
mee Valley Livestock Show-see above).
February 21-March 5. Central Fla. Fair. Orlando.
March 1-2. Annual Farm Bureau Presidents' Con-
terence. FB Building, Gainesville.
March 9. Annual Distillers Feed Conference.
Netherland Hilton Hotel. Cincinnati.
March 18-19. National Cont. on Rural Health.
Broadmoor Hotel, Colorado Springs, Colo.
March 21-23. American Dairy Ass'n 26th annual
meeting. Pick-Congress Hotel. Chicago.
March 22-23. American Feed Manufacturers Ass'n
Feed production meeting. Palmer House, Chicago.
April 19-22. Festival of Florida Foods. Orlando.
April 12. Quarter-annual meeting FFBF board of
directors. FB building, Gainesville.
November. FFBF State Convention. Jacksonville.
December. AFBF National Convention. Las
Vegas, Nev.

FEB. 16-20



FEB. 18-20
2:30 p.m. each day
Miss Silver Spurs Pageant
Parade of Cattle Champions
Purebred Poodle Show

6 44% POTASH I


By T. K. McClane, executive vice president, FFBF

More than twenty years ago, Farm
Bureau fought the sales tax battle
and finally won a victory that saves
several hundred dollars each year for
most farmers. The battle was carried
on through the courts and in the
Farm Bureau insisted that farm-
ers deserved the same consideration
that industry was receiving, namely
-exemption from the sales tax of all
purchases used to produce a product.
In the case of agriculture, this meant
exemption from the sales tax on
feeds, seeds, fertilizers, insecticides,
containers, machinery, equipment,
repairs, gas and oil, and other items
actually used in farm production.
Throughout the intervening twen-
ty years or so, Farm Bureau has
fought to maintain this hard-won
gain. Many times there have been
proposals in the Legislature to re-
move a part or all of the exemption.
Such proposals usually come when
the state is "hard up" and is looking
for sources of revenue.
In spite of all our work, we have
lost part of our exemption on ma-
chinery and equipment.
Now, another battlefront looms
ahead. This time it takes the form
of a threat of federal domination.
Just before Congress adjourned,
H.R. 11798 was introduced. It is a
complex piece of legislation involv-
ing state taxation of interstate com-
merce through state income and
sales taxes.
The part that should worry farm-
ers is the proposal in the bill setting
up a "model sales tax law" to be
used by the states. Under such a
law, farmers would be issued a "reg-
istration number" which would per-
mit the purchase of only "feeds,
seeds, and fertilizers" without sales
Some versions of this bill elimin-
ate all exemptions now in the pres-
ent Florida sales except groceries

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966

and medicine. This means that in
Florida many agricultural produc-
tion items would become taxable or
fully taxable as in the case of ma-
chinery and equipment. The esti-
mated increase with which Florida
farmers would be saddled runs into
millions of dollars more in sales
The bill would permit a state leg-
islature, if it saw fit, to permit other
exemptions, but only through a com-
plicated refund system. In this case,
a farmer would have to submit a re-
fund claim, with adequate proof, and
then wait for approval of the claim
and also the refund.
Fortunately F. O. ((Bud) Dickin-
son, State Comptroller and Ed
Straughn, State Director of Reve-
nue, are alert to this situation and
Mr. Dickinson has testified for the
Governor and the cabinet in opposi-
tion to this legislation. The Florida
Farm Bureau and the AFBF have
also opposed the bill and will main-
tain a continuous watch over it in
case more help is needed.
The real overriding threat of H.R.
11798 is the eventual loss of state
taxing rights.
The Administration and Labor
Unions' Bill to repeal section 14b
of the Taft-Hartley Act was brought
up for debate on January 24 and
may be continuing when you read
this. We are proud of the active
part Senator Holland is taking in
this fight and we are also proud that
Senator Smathers is supporting us
in this scrap. I urge each of you that
have the time, to drop them a note
of appreciation because the pressure
is terrific on both of them to support
the Administration's view.
The fight on 14b will undoubted-
ly delay action on a great amount of
legislation including such things as
reapportionment and the amend-
ment to the Wage and Hour Law
which would so adversely affect

farmers. The fight over 14b may set
a tone which well be felt throughout
this entire session of Congress. We
still believe that we have enough
votes to prevent a "cloture" ruling
or the application of the "gag" rule.
However, if it should come to a vote
on repeal, the outcome would be ex-
tremely doubtful as the opposition
claims to have 51 votes out of the
100 senators.
President Karst and I each made
a statement for Farm Bureau at the

January 28 hearing of the Florida
Commission for Tax Reform in Or-
lando and the State Farm Bureau
(Continued on page 4)

Electric equipment does
every job better, easier,
faster. Saves time, boosts
production, increases
profits. Low-cost electric-
ity is the biggest bargain
in your budget. Reddy
Kilowatt can help in
many ways to make your
farm more profitable.

Helping Build Florida

makes your good

earth even sweeter. M
Depend on Dolime for all your dolomite and
high-calcium lime to bring your soil into
balance and to make it more responsive to
fertilizer. Dolime is exclusively produced by
Florida Southern Dolomite Ltd. of Palmetto
and Florida Lime Works Inc. of Citronelle.
For prompt courteous service phone 533-8144, Bartow, Fla.
E. C. STUART BLDG. P.O. BOX 1441 BARTOW, FLORIDA 33830 PH. B131533-8144

SINCE 1933 ---- A

CT6u Sa t CRDIT '
at the office nearest you:
CL;4JL LozS Aodmc6O7Lit Cli &SOcuI^f

Continued from page 3
Tax Committeee will present a de- it is just as obvious that we have the
tailed statement at a later hearing organization to deal with these prob-
probably this month. lems if we will all put our shoulders
to the wheel and pull in the same
Obviously we've got problems, but direction.


To Mr. Bobby R. Bennett, director
FFBF Farm Records Service
4350 SW 13th Street
Gainesville, Florida
Dear Mr. Bennett: Please send to me, free of charge, information about the
new FFBF Farm Records Service. This request does not obligate me in any way.
o Cheek here if Name
you wish Mr. Ben-
nett to phone you.
Give plne num- Mailing Address

By Bobby R. Bennett, director
FFBF Farm Records Service
"RECORDS take a lot of time to
keep." "No one pays me a cent
for the time I spend on records." "I
know pretty well what is making me
money and what isn't."
I heard recently of a farmer in
another state that felt this way but
he agreed to try for one year a rec-
ords program similar to the one of-
fered by Florida
Farm Bureau. At
the end of the first
year he netted
about $12,000 in-
come, but his en-
terprise records
showed that one
of his enterprises
was losing a lot of
money. The next
year he did less work and had less
expenses because he dropped that
enterprise, but he netted about
$17,000 income from his farm.
Certainly this high return for rec-
ords is the exception rather than the
rule, but most businesses know their
production cost. Do you know how
much it cost you to produce a pound
of beef, a gallon of milk or a box of
These are questions which the
Florida Farm Bureau Farm Records
Service can help you answer. If your
business year begins January 1st
(Continued on page 19)

Florida Agriculture

Vol. 25, No. 2, Feb. 1966
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June, July and August. Owned by Florida
Farm Bureau Federation, 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville. Florida 32601. Printed by Cody
Publications, 410 W. Verona St., Kissimmee,
Florida. Second class postage paid at Kis-
simmmee, Florida 32741. Notice of change
of address should be sent to 4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville, Florida, zip code 32601.
Hugh Waters, editor, Martha Zehner, editor-
ial assistant. Phone Gainesville area code
305. FRanklin 2-0401. Subscription $2.50;
outside U.S. $5.
Officers of the Florida Farm Bureau Fed-
eration are: Arthur E. (Art) Karst. Vero
Beach, President; Wayne Mixson. Camp-
bellton. Vice President; Walter J. Kautz,
Canal Point. Treasurer; Richard E. (Dick
Finlay, Jay, Secretary; and T. K. McClane,
Jr.. Gainesville. Executive Vice President.
Advertising Representatives: Cody Pub-
lications, 410 W. Verona St., Kissimmee.
Florida. Phone Area Code 305-847-2802.
Harry Hammond, Advertising Manager.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966


Peoplewho understand agriculture. People who serve
the farmer, grower, and rancher as their first obligation.
People who are dedicated, conscientious, pleasant, and
well-trained. People who serve the growing agricultural
needs of the Southeast. The personal side of credit -
the people who make Farm Credit Service the best.

Uln o

all in the family *

FEDERAL LAND BANK ASSOCIATIONS provide long-term credit for all types of farms. For example, many part-time farms
are financed by FLBAs. Inquire about a tailor-made Land Bank loan for your farm, grove or ranch. You'll be glad you

The COLUMBIA BANK FOR COOPERATIVES makes loans to meet the diversified needs of marketing, purchasing, and
farm business service cooperatives helping improve farm income in the Southeast. Contact the Columbia Bank for
Cooperatives, P. 0. Box 1493, Columbia, South Carolina 29202.

PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCIATIONS provide short and intermediate-term credit (up to seven years) at simple interest
rates. You may want a loan to finance a new agricultural enterprise or expand an existing one. Profit by seeing your
PCA man first.

Federal Land Bank Association Offices and Production Credit Association Offices in FLORIDA

Belle Glade, FLBA and PCA
Bradenton, FLBA and PCA
Clewiston, PCA
Dade City, PCA
Eustis, PCA
Fort Pierce, PCA
Gainesville, FLBA and PCA

Immokolee, PCA
Jacksonville, PCA
Lakeland, FLBA and PCA
Lake Wales, PCA
Live Oak, PCA
Madison, PCA

Marianna, FLBA and PCA
Miami, FLBA and PCA
Monticello, PCA
Orlando, FLBA and PCA
Palatka, PCA
Pensacola, PCA

Quincy, PCA
Sebring, PCA
Tampa, FLBA
Vero Beach, FLBA and PCA
Wauchula, PCA
Winter Haven, PCA




George Washington Born February 22

Patriot Leader Inventor

Accountant Diplomat Designer

and Outstanding Farmer

FEBRUARY is the birth month of the
nation's first President, George Wash-
ington, who was also an outstanding
farmer. The cover picture is a reproduc-
tion of a famous painting called "Wash-
ington at Trenton," and was made avail-
able for this issue by the H. Armstrong
Roberts studios, Philadelphia, Pa.
What was George Washington Really
Although any schoolboy can tell you
with authority the impressive exploits
and achievements of the "Father of Our
Country"-as General, Statesman and
President-many facts about Washington,
the man, are little known.
Did you know, for example, that in ad-
dition to his more obvious military and
diplomatic skills, Washington was also an
excellent businessman and accountant, an
inventor, a scientific planter, a connois-
seur of fine terrazzo floorings, a designer,
a magnanimous host, and-according to
Thomas Jefferson-"the best horseman
of his age"? It's a fact!
Although he left school at the age of
13, and never had any systematic school-
ing after that, Washington was, in a
sense, a perpetual student of life, always
striving to learn additional skills and
cultivate new interests.
His unique abilities as a farmer, trader
and land investor were legend in his own
time. He constantly exchanged letters
with agricultural experimenters at home
and in England and imported plants,
shrubs and trees from all over the world.
Today at Mount Vernon there are at
least 57 trees still standing which were
set out by him.
He experimented with clover, rye, timo-
thy and alfalfa to enrich the soil, as early
as 1760. He was the first in the country
to plant pecan trees. He was one of the
few who tried crop rotation at a time
when plenty of new land was available.
And still he found time to tinker with
several inventions to make planting, har-
vesting and processing easier on the plan-
tation. The results? The flour, for one,
produced at Mount Vernon was so un-
usual for its purity and excellence that

Mount Vernon, beautiful home estate of
George Washington, near Washington D.C.
Today there's at least 57 trees still standing
which were set out by the nation's first
President. The estate also produced flour
so unusual for its excellence that it was
known all over Europe.

it was known all over the Americas and
As businessman and accountant, Wash-
ington was also tireless; in an age when
it was necessary to do all correspondence
in longhand, he wrote more than 18,000
Washington also excelled in the field
of architecture. This came in quite
handy after his return from the Revolu-
tionary War, as he developed a strong
desire to enlarge and beautify his estate,
Mount Vernon-due, in part, from seeing
beautiful homes elsewhere and to con-
tact with cultured people on both sides of
the Atlantic. Indeed, many architects
after the war consulted Washington-
whose eminence in design and building
craft is said to have given him much
prominence in his day. He drew up plans
and specifications with his own hand, or-
dered stucco, terrazzo and other mater-
ials, and almost single-handedly convert-
ed his small house of eight rooms into the
highly celebrated and beautiful mansion
we know today-with two floors, an attic,
an immense cellar and the magnificent
portice overlooking the Potomac.
By being one of the very first Ameri-
cans to use terrazzo flooring, Washington
was extending a building tradition that
began thousands of years ago with the
ancient Egyptians and Romans; a tra-
dition that was to continue with many of
the fine public buildings constructed for
our nation's capital, Washington, D. C.

Although he has often been depicted
by historians as a cold, formal man,
Washington was actually congenial and
fun-loving with friends and family-
shown time and time again by his great
hospitality and magnanimous reputation.
He loved dancing, parties, the theater and
guests-particularly if they were of un-
usual interest. He is said to have pos-
sessed a hot temper, held tighly in check
-which he seldom lost, and then only for
good cause.
He helped family and friends with gifts
and loans, asking only that they not re-
veal the donor. Admired by all for his
great achievements, he could be extreme-
ly modest, diffident and almost bashful
at times. When he entered the Virginia
House of Burgesses, for example, after
winning major battles in the French and
Indian War, he is said to have blushed
crimson at the warm welcome he received.
George Washington was in every re-
spect an American. Most of his early
years were spent in the backwoods. He
was a farmer, a man who worked with
his hands. He gave his young manhood
to the Indian Wars, his maturity to the
Revolution, his ripe and mellow years to
the Presidency.
He was the first person to fire a shot
in the French and Indian War, the first
American General, the first President of
the U.S., and also "first in peace,
first in war, first in the hearts of his

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966

Farmers find new uses for old high-
ways. Obsolete highways in Iowa are
being used as livestock feedlots and for
grain and hay storage areas.
A retired Kentucky farmer has realized
a boyhood ambition and may be tapping
a tourist-trade gold mine. He's turning
out ox-yokes in his blacksmith shop as a
Average price per acre for U.S. farm
real estate is up about six percent over
a year ago, according to the recently re-
leased index. On a regional basis in-
creases ranged from 3 percent in the
Southern Plains to 11 percent in the
Delta States. Mississippi showed the big-
gest increase (up 13 percent). Kentucky
and West Virginia showed no increases
while values were up only 1 percent in
Texas and 2 percent in Florida. (From
USDA's Agricultural Situation report).
A breakdown of the 9.8 million cattle
and calves on feed (for slaughter market)
in the 32 major feeding states on Jan 1
shows: that 1.7 million were animals
weighing less than 500 lbs.; 2.59 million
weighed from 500 to 699 pounds; 3.16
million weighed 700-899 lbs.
There were 9.8 million cattle and calves
on feed (for slaughter market) in the 32
major feeding states on January 1. That's
up 5 percent from a year earlier, accord-
ing to the Crop Reporting Board.
Honey production last year was low-
est since 1962. The nation's bees pro-
duced 278 million pounds. Reason for the
cut-back is drought which sharply cur-
tailed output in the East and South re-
gions. California took over first place
from Minnesota with its 37.5 million
pound production.
Prices of milk used for fluid purposes
averaged $5.57 per cwt during early Jan-
uary. That's up 10 cents above a year
ago. Across the nation prices were above
a year ago in 8 regions. Prices in the
South Atlantic Region were up 3 cents
from a year ago according to Fluid Milk
and Cream Report.
The Holstein-Friesian World, a maga-
zine, usually prints dairy cow pictures
on its cover. Last month it made a switch
and used a photo of the man behind the
lens, Harry Strohmeyer, Jr., who has
completed 50 years in the business of live-
stock photography.

Decline in number of U.S. Farms is
slowing down. A recent USDA estimate
said that the number of farms declined
between 3.1 percent and 3.6 percent an-
nually from 1959 to 1963, but less than
3 percent since 1963. Last year the de-
cline dropped to 2.8 percent. Two states,
Alabama and Rhode Island reported no
drop at all.
Average farm totals 350 acres corn-

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966

pared to 288 in 1959. While there are 20
percent fewer farms in the U.S. today
than in 1959 the average size is 20 per-
cent bigger.
The South Atlantic and South Central
states accounted for 85 percent of the na-
tion's total production of broilertype
chicks during 1965. A record 2.5 billion
were produced in the nation last year.
U. S. exports of registered Holstein
cattle totaled 3,626 head during 1965.
That's up 73 percent from the previous
record high set in 1964. Purchases went
up 620 percent in Italy and new markets
were established in Korea, Nigeria and
A forced air precooler to cool fruits and
vegetables as part of the packing line
operation is described in a current USDA
bulletin. The precooler makes efficient
and economical use of forced-air and is
reportedly competitive with hydrocoolers.
At Tifton, Ga. a scientist has come up
with a potentially valuable new weapon
in insect control. His experiments show
that night-flying moths use a form of
passive radar to "home-in" on feeble elec-
tromagnetic radiation given off by pros-
pective mates and certain plants. This
radiation, if it can be simulated, might
be used as electronic bait to lure insects
to traps, insecticides or materials that
will sterilize them.

Chickens are being taught to think
that day changes into night every 18
hours. If this can be done chickens
would have 486.6 short days per year in
which to lay eggs instead of the conven-
tional 365. Experiments at Beltsville,
Md. say that so far the 18-hour day
flocks are holding their own against those
on a 24 hour schedule.

By spreading opaque-white plastic
sheets between rows of corn has increased
yield by intensifying the light available
for photosyntheses. The test is taking
place by a University of Illinois agron-
omist who says the practice, in effect, re-
claims sunlight that would normally be
absorbed in the soil. Light is the energy
source plants uce in photosynthesis to
convert carbon dioxide and water to sug-
ar, starch, water and oxygen.

A new sensing instrument, placed in
soil in various locations will determine
salinity buildup in a plant's root zone
without disturbing either the soil or plant
roots. For more information write: L. A.
Richards, U. S. Salinity Laboratory, Riv-
erside, California.

About 80 new varieties or breeding
lines of plants are released jointly each
year by ARS and State agricultural ex-
periment stations. Many others are re-
leased separately by states and by com-
mercial companies.

P. O. Box 100A-2

Phone 485-2591


0 Hammermill C Store & Dry System [ Mixer
[ Farmstead Buildings O Elevator O Commer-
cial System 0 Bulk Scales 0 Store & Feed


A wide range of things to buy and
sell; services and other items of in-
terest to farmers. Read it carefully.
You might save a lot of money. Use
the "Mart" to make money.






Everything you need from one special-
ized source. Planning help, fast erection,
single-source responsibility, financing.

Financing & Leasing Available



Phone: 533-4111 Night, 533-7642

MEMBER I Florida Citrus Nurserymen's Assn.
I Florida Nurserymen & Growers Assn.
oF American Association of Nurserymen

More than 1.6 billion tree seedlings have been
planted in Florida since 1928, according to figures re-
leased recently by the Florida Forest Service.
The information comes from the annual "Summary
of Seedlings Planted, by Counties, 1964-65." The re-
port has a breakdown of the number of tree seedlings
planted in each Florida county by forest industries, pri-
vate landowners, and upon the national and state for-
ests. The grand total is 1,628,691,692. More than 90%
of the seedlings were Florida's versatile slash pine.
Tree planting in Florida is normally carried on in
the months of December to February. This report does
not include trees being planted this winter which will
add an estimated 75 million.
Counties leading in number of trees planted dur-
ing last year's 1964-65 season were Taylor County with

Florida's forests sustain a billion dollar industry.
Despite the productivity of the sunshine state's wood-.
lands, Florida's nine giant pulpmills transport 40% of
their raw materials (wood) from outside the state.


Florida Agriculture, February, 1966

* -* q* 4.

Tree nurseries of the Florida Forest Service
will produce 65 million seedlings for sale to
alert landowners this year. Most of them
will be the versatile slash pine.

Forestry Seedlings Planted
Now Exceed 1.6 Billion

By Richard Fogarty, Tallahassee,
For Florida Forest Service

more than 6.3 million, Dixie with 6.1 million, and Santa
Rosa with 5.8 million. The 1963-64 leader, Bay Coun-
ty, was a close fourth with 5.7 million planted.
In the grand totals, recorded since 1928 when Flor-
ida began its intensive reforestation program, Taylor
county leads with more than 87 million trees planted to
date. Santa Rosa and Walton Counties are close be-
hind with 86 and 85 million planted, respectively.
More than 86 million trees were planted in Flor-
ida last season. The all-time record was established
during the 1958-59 season when 197 million trees were
set out.
Most of the trees planted are produced and sold at
cost from Florida Forest Service nurseries, but sev-
eral of the state's large paper companies also have

With the population of Florida increasing at a faster
rate than any other, the use of forests for recreational
activities is receiving attention from governments and
industry. Woodlands will give outdoor relief to city
dwellers in ever-expanding numbers.







See Your Local Farm Bureau Agent

Home Office Branch Office
P. 0. Box 78, Jackson, Mississippi 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.


By Lewis Haveard, director FFBF Dept. of Organization

MEDICARE is upon us whether we
wanted it or not and since 40%
of our Blue Cross and Blue Shield
subscribers are age 65 and over, we
asked Mr. Jack Herbert of the Blue
Cross and Blue Shield staff in Jack-
sonville to develop the following in-
formation for our members.
It is highly probable that 40% of
our entire membership of over 33,000
members are also age 65 and over,
therefore, this information will be of
interest to you whether you are pres-
ently enrolled in our Farm Bureau
Blue Cross and Blue Shield group
or not.
Our Farm Bureau group stands on
its own merit; therefore, our sub-
scribers who are under age 65 will
also be affected by the over age 65
leaving the group. It is hoped that
this will make the rate and/or cover-
age for the remaining members more
We also want to emphasize that
Farm Bureau is not abandoning its
responsibility to the over 65 group;
however, as the following article
points out, you will be provided with
supplemental coverage that will not
duplicate Medicare, and at the same
time, provide the best overall cover-
age for you, if you choose to continue
in the Blue Cross and Blue Shield
Please read the following article
carefully-Lewis Haveard.
IF YOU are age 65 or over, or have rela-
tives over 65, you owe it to yourself and
them, to take time to study Medicare
benefits so that you will have some basic
understanding of this program. A basic
understanding of Medicare is important
because people over 65 are having to
make some decisions they are go;ng to
have to live with about the future of their
health protection.
First of all, they have to decide wheth-
er they want Part B of the Medicare Pro-
gram. Part B is coverage for doctor ex-
penses. Part A is hospital coverage to
which eligible senior citizens are auto-
matically entitled. There is no need to
apply for Part A if you are already re-
ceiving Social Security or Railroad Re-
tirement benefits. People over 65 who

are not receiving Social Security or Rail-
road Retirement are urged to contact
their local Social Security Office and
make application for Medicare.
Everyone coming under Medicare, on
the other hand, must apply for Part B,
if they want doctor coverage. Part B
costs $3 a month and the government will
put up another $3 for edch person who
applies for Part B. Applications must be
in before March 31, 1966. Blue Cross
and Blue Shield urge people over 65 to
take Part B for it is an excellent buy on
the health insurance market. The govern-
ment is sending enrollment cards for Part
B to the millions of persons over 65 it is
able to reach. Early returns indicate
about 88 percent are enrolling in Part B.
If you don't have one of these application
cards for Part B, they are available at
your Social Security Office.
Another decision senior citizens will
have to make in 1966 is whether they
will want to buy supplemental coverages
that will be on the market before this
year is out. These supplemental cover-
ages will be offered by Blue Cross-Blue
Shield and commercial insurance com-
panies and will be designed to fill the
gaps in those areas of care which are not
covered by Medicare. Roughly speak-
ing, it is estimated that Medicare will
cover a little less than half of the total
health costs of the aged. To decide how
much of these additional coverages is
necessary and practical, it will be neces-
sary that senior citizens have some fa-
miliarity with the scope of protection
under Medicare itself.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. Will it be necessary to drop my Blue
Cross and Blue Shield coverage when
Medicare goes into effect?
A. Probably you will not be able to retain
your present coverage. Some changes
will be necessary to avoid duplication
of coverage and unnecessary expense
to you.

Q. Will Blue Cross-Blue Shield offer some
type of coverage to augment the Medi-
care program?
A.Yes. You will be given the oppor-
tunity to supplement your Medicare
with a special Blue Cross-Blue Shield
contract. Details concerning this special
coverage will be made available to
you in the near future.

Q. If supplementary coverage is offered,
will it be cheaper than my present
direct payment contracts and how will
the coverage differ?
A. The new supplemental program being

developed will be offered at a sub-
stantially reduced rate. It's coverage
will be designed to fill the gaps in the
Medicare coverage and to provide
benefits not included in Medicare.
Obviously, the supplemental benefits
will not be as comprehensive as your
present Blue Cross and Blue Snield
contracts provide, but when it is com-
bined with Medicare you will have
much more protection than you now
have, and at less cost.

Q. If I have private insurance in addition
to Medicare, and am willing to pay for
it, why should I not be permitted this
extra protection?
A. As previously explained, there is no
objection as long as the additional
coverage supplements and does not
duplicate the benefits provided by
You should keep in mind that dupli-
cate coverage which enables a person
to receive more in benefits than the
total expenses of an illness or accident
is one of the major reasons for the high
cost of health insurance.

Q. If my spouse is under 65 years of age,
will she be covered by my Medicare
A. No. Medicare is for individual coverage
and applies only to persons age 65 and
over. She will be covered by Medicare
when she also reaches age 65.
Blue Cross-Blue Shield will make
arrangements for your spouse to con-
vert to one person coverage when you
become eligible for Medicare on July
1, 1966.
If there are dependent children under
age 19, your spouse will need to con-
tinue family contracts if the children
are to be covered.

Q. Due to the possibility of hospitals being
overcrowded after Medicare goes into
effect, may those of us under age 65
expect the same quality of hospital
care we have received in the past?
A. Yes. Doctors and hospitals may be
expected to continue to provide the
best care possible to those who need
Medicare has provisions for care in
nursing homes and other health care
facilities when hospital care is no
longer needed, but some attention and
supervision is still necessary. This will
tend to make hospital beds available
that might otherwise be occupied for
longer periods.
Please keep in mind that nursing home
(extended care) benefits do not begin
until January 1, 1967.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966

MEDICARE-The March 31st Deadline

We also asked the Social Security
Administraiton to develop informa-
tion on Medicare from their stand-
point so that you would get the in-

0. As a long-time subscriber to Blue Cross-
Blue Shield may I expect special con-
sideration from Blue Cross-Blue Shield
and from the hospitals when Medicare
A. You may expect hospitals and Blue
Cross-Blue Shield to provide the same
fine service they have in the past.
It is our intent to cooperate with the
government to make sure that our
subscribers over 65 years of age are
transferred to Medicare portection
without any lapse in coverage and
without undue complexities.
Since Blue Cross has been designated
by the Social Security Administration
to be the intermediary between the
hospitals and the government, your
hospital claims will continue to be
processed by Blue Cross. Blue Cross
will pay the hospital for covered ser-
vices and be reimbursed by the govern-
Q. Under Medicare, will I be able to
choose my own doctor and hospital?
A. Yes. It is the intent of the Medicare
program to provide for the payment
of necessary care, not to determine
where and by whom the care is pro-
Understandably, however, certain
standards have to be set and the pro-
viders of the services must meet these
The Medicare Law States:
Any individual entitled to insurance
benefits under this title (of the Social
Security law) may obtain health
services from any institution, agency,
or person qualified to participate
under this title if such institution,
agency, or person undertakes to
provide him such services.
We anticipate that most general hospi-
tals in Florida will qualify. Licensed
physicians eligible to provide services
under the Medicare program include
doctors of medicine doctors of osteo-
pathy and, for specirc types of covered
services, dentists.
Q. What is meant by a "spell of illness"?
A. A spell of illness (on which eligibility
for benefits is based) begins on the
first day you received covered services
as a patient in a hospital or extended
care facility, such as a nursing home.
It ends after 60 consecutive days dur-
ing which you are not an inpatient in
either a hospital or extended care facil-
ity. You may be discharged and read-
mitted several times during a spell of
illness, but a new spell of illness cannot
begin until you have been out of the
hospital or extended care facility for at
lease 60 consecutive days.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966

formation straight from the people
who are handling the program. If
you do not know where your Social
Security office is located or when a
Social Security representative will
visit your area, please contact your
county Farm Bureaus who have been
provided this information.
The following article was contrib-
uted by John W. Spann, Jr., District
Manager. Please read the article
carefully.-Lewis Haveard.
EVERY PERSON now a member of
Florida Farm Bureal age 65 and over
should study the provisions of "medicare"
carefully and act quickly to assure him-
self or herself of protection under this
program. This is specially true since it
appears that most, if not all, insurance
companies in the nation are planning
changes in their policies covering those
65 years of age or over. It's important
to remember that those who were age 65
or over on January 1, 1966, have only
until March 31, 1966 to enroll in the Vol-

untary Medical Insurance Program un-
der "Medicare". Time is short!
In a joint effort to get this much need-
ed information to all its affected mem-
bers and to assist them in enrolling in
"medicare", county Farm Bureau presi-
dents and local Social Security District
Office managers are planning get-to-geth-
ers. Both organizations want those over
65 to know about the provisions of "medi-
care", how the program will affect them,
and how to enroll. The Social Security
Administration has trained people avail-
able to attend group meetings, make
talks, answer questions, and to enroll all
who are interested.
We urge everyone age 65 or over who
hasn't already filed for the Hospital In-
surance plan or hasn't enrolled in the
Voluntary Medical Insurance plan to
contact their nearest Social Security Dis-
trict Office or the representative who
visits their community. They will be
glad to assist in any way. Directories of
Social Security District Offices and sche-
dules of traveling social security repre-
sentatives visits are now available at all
County Farm Bureau Offices.

Presented below in simplified graphic form are the major items of services covered by
"medicare" and their cost, including deductibles and co-payments:



1. Inpatient Hospital Services
(90 days per spell of illness)

2. Post Hospital Extended Care (up to 100 days
nursing home care after hospital stay.

3. Post Hospital Home Health Services (Up to 100
home visits by nurse, therapists and other health
workers-after hospital stay).

4. Outpatient Hospital Diagnostic Services

1. Physicians Services (anywhere)
2. Home Health Visits (up to 100 days whether or
not previously hospitalized).
3. Other Medical and Health Services (X-rays, lab
services, dressing, splints, casts, ambulance
services, braces, rental of medical equipment,

Cost to you

Premiums paid by those working under Social
Security as a part of regular social security tax.

$40.00 deductible for each spell of illness. $10.00
co-payment for each day over 60.

$5.00 per day for each day after first 20 days.

$20.00 deductible, plus 20% of balance of reason-
able costs.

$3.00 per month premium. In addition when using
covered services $50.00 deductible per year, plus
20% of balance of reasonable costs and charges.

Here in condensed form is the most detailed explanation of Medicare to be
found anywhere. If your friends are not members of the Farm Bureau they
will appreciate your showing this to them. Tell them that this is just one of
many services offered free of charge to members by the FFBF.-Editor


A round-up of people and events on the local scene throughout the
state.., a cross section of ideas which may be copied and expanded upon

Northwest Florida County FBs have
shown much progress during the past
year on county office facilities, according
to FFBF Fieldman Charles Blair, who
works out of Marianna. He cites the
following examples:

Escambia County FB has also recently
completed an addition to its building to
provide extra space for the county ASC
office. At the present time all agricul-
tural agencies are located in the
Escambia County Farm Bureau building.

Santa Rosa County FB's recently
completed building is shown below. The
structure also provides space for the
assistant county extention agent as well
as the Federal Land Bank on a part-time

Okaloosa County FB has recently
appointed a committee to study the pos-
sibility of constructing a county office

Walton County FB has also renovated
its building, purchased by the FB several
years ago.

Holmes County FB has moved during
the last year to a larger and more acces-
sible office in order to provide better
service to members.

"Most of the County FB's in this
district have appointed County Tax Com-
mittees in view of the re-assessment pro-
gram underway throughout the state.

Re-assessment of property is already
underway in several counties in this area
and will be started in several more in
the near future. I think having the
agricultural interests represented by an
active county FB tax committee will be
the most important program a County
FB can undertake this year."-Charles

Hillsborough County FB's B. J. Sweat
of Balm is chairman of the recently
appointed labor committee, which also
includes Glen Williamson, Dover and
E. H. Council, Ruskin. Mr. Sweat is one
of Florida's biggest potato growers and
a former member of the FFBF's state
board of directors. Hillsborough's Presi-
dent, James S. Smith, Odessa, who made
the recent appointments, says that the
committee will be keeping a close watch
on the farm-labor supply and will be
keeping in close touch with their counter-
parts in other county FB's of Florida.
Mr. Smith is a member of the FFBF's
present board of directors.

Putnam-St. Johns County FB mem-
bers recently heard a lecture by Col.
James Alexander of St. Augustine on his
recent trip to Germany. The talk was
illustrated with color film of east and
West Germany. The meeting was pre-
ceeded by a covered dish supper at the
Elkton Community Clubhouse.

Dade County FB received considerable
publicity in the Miami Herald last month
on its introduction of SMV Emblems
(Slow moving vehicles). The big city
newspaper article written by Cele Ferner
said: "For $3.45 plus tax, farmers can
save a life. That's the price of a floures-
cent orange and red slow moving vehicle
emblem, a flashy triangle that alerts
other vehicles to danger ahead". Dade
FB had to order additional quantities of
the emblems to supply demands. (Note:
For more information on how Dade put
across this program write Rudy Gossman,
Dade FB, 906 N. Federal Highway,

Duval County FB President Herman
O. Jones, Jr. (Left) is seen in the picture
below presenting a plaque to Mr. and
Mrs. Walter Welkener in behalf of that
organization. The plaque is for out-
standing service and loyalty to the Duval
FB. Mr. Welkern was the first president
of that group and served for six consecu-
tive years. He is at present the vice-
president and a member of the FFBF

state board of directors. Mrs. Welkener
has been the ladies chairman of her
county for several years and is also on
the executive committee of the FFBF's
Women's committee.

Orange County Agricultural Agent
Henry F. Swanson recently prepared a
short but most complete report on the
water shortage situation in his area. He
writes: "water, like crops, is the product
of the land. Therefore, good land use
automatically becomes the key to what

type of water harvest we will reap". Also
pointed out in the report is an item
about rainfall averages. It says that
"over a long period of time, for every
year of above average rainfall, we have
two years of below average. This 1:2
ratio makes it imperative that we store
up excess rainfall to offset the lean
years". The report may serve as a guide
for other areas because it suggests solu-
tions to the problem. For a copy write
Mr. Swanson, at 2350 E. Michigan Ave.,

CORRECTION; Last month this magazine printed a short ago. The fruit originated as a seedling from a cross of
item that said Dorwin S. Pearson of Charlotte County had Minneola tangelo X Clemintine (Algerian tangerine). It
developed a variety of citrus called "The Page". Mr. resembles a medium size orange and is classed as an or-
Pearson, who operates the Punta Gorda Nursery at 1307 ange instead of a tangerine. The flavor is excellent, rich
Lemon St., in that city, advised FA about the error almost and sweet. It ripens in October and reaches its prime in
immediately after publication. The article should have November. For more information write for USDA bulletin
said that Mr. Pearson intends to bud his own stock from issued November 1, 1963 from William C. Cooper,
"The Page". This variety of citrus was originated at the USDA Crops Research Division, 2120 Camden Road, Or-
U. S. Horticultural Field Station in Orlando several years lando.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966


By Martin E. Hearn, director
FFBF Department of Commodities

YOUR FLORIDA Farm Bureau was rec-
ognized and honored by the Georgia
Farm Bureau in inviting me as a guest
speaker at their recent annual conven-
tion in Jekyll Island, Ga., to give a talk
on the progress made with the U. S. De-
partment of Agriculture in getting Type
14 flue-cured tobacco placed in a sep-
arate category of its own. There were
many flattering compliments paid to
Farm Bureau members in supporting this
suit which might set a precedent for
greater recognition the role Florida farm-
ers have and may play in future years.
County tax laws are very much in the
news nowadays, and we have been con-
ducting considerable research at the Uni-
versity of Florida's extensive libraries to
secure the fullest information for sub-
mission to the Board of Directors. Taxa-
tion is a highly complex matter, with
each county tax collector interpreting the
statutes according to his own judgment.
It does seem clear though, that a uni-
form, fair and equitable tax structure is
In Indian River County, taxes on agri-
cultural lands are reasonable: in Pinellas
County, they are so discriminatory to the
farmer that many growers, ranchers and
dairymen are literally being driven off
the soil their families have owned for
several generations.
It may sound trite, but tax assessors,
lawyers, congressmen and industry must
recognize that unless a country has a
sound agricultural foundation, that coun-
try will perish. For centuries, mainland
China was self-sustaining, but under
Communist rule the stress and efforts
have been towards industrialization-and
now China has to import wheat to feed
her people. The same applies to Russia
and India.
An adequate labor supply to harvest
Florida's crops is also a must. The Uni-
versity of Florida's agricultural econom-
ist, Dr. C. C. Moxley predicts that un-
less a radical about-face in U. S. Secre-
tary of Labor, Willard L. Wirtz policies
takes place, many of Florida's fresh vege-

tables and strawberries may be priced out
of the average consumer's pocket. Many
Florida growers are already moving to
the Bahamas to raise tomatoes, straw-
berries, okra, eggplant, squash and cab-
bage which would further aggravate our
balance-of-payments deficit.
A NEW milestone was set on January 12
when the $20 million phosphate pro-
cessing plant of the Consumers Cooper-
ative Association was dedicated at Green
Bay, east of Pierce in Polk County. The
giant plant will produce phosphoric acid,
diammonium phosphate, triple super-
phosphate and sulphuric acid to supply
CCA's 450,00 members. This is the first
time CCA has ventured out of the Mid-
west, according to Homer Young, presi-
dent and general manager. Last year the
cooperative distributed over a million
tons of fertilizer, and the demand is ex-
pected to increase substantially within
the next few years.
A HOPEFUL note for pecan growers oc-
curred when Fred Voight of Waycross,
Georgia, held a conference with the Uni-
versity of Florida Extension Service per-
sonnel. Mr. Voight has had regular
heavy yields of pecans for the last eight
years because of sound, practical, spray
and fertilizer methods, and his average
return has been 25o a pound for out-
standing quality. Agronomists from the
University are planning a visit to Way-
cross to look over his groves and see
where his methods might be profitably
applied in Florida.
IN A personal talk with Congressman D.
R. "Billy" Matthews early in Decem-
ber, he promised to support Florida and
Georgia in their suit on the Type 14 flue-
cured tobacco case against the U.S. De-
partment of Agriculture. Billy kept his

promise and requested that Secretary of
Agriculture Orville L. Freeman "consider
without bias, prejudice, or discrimination
the evidence presented in federal hearings
this past Fall at Waycross, Ga., Raleigh,
N. C., and Washington, D. C. to placing
Type 14 flue-cured tobacco grown in
Florida and Georgia in a separate class
of its own, as permitted by existing laws
... to secure increased marketing quotas
distinct from the national flue-cured to-
bacco marketing quota," in a formal let-
ter to the Secretary.
L. A. "BILLY" ALMAND, president of
the Florida Swine Producers Associa-
tion, at Lee, Florida, is soliciting support
to revive the swine industry in this state.
Membership is a trifling $3.- per year
and we urge that all pig raisers join this
constructive move for the betterment of
the swine industry.
GROWERS WHOSE tobacco acreages
have been drastically cut over the past
few years might look into the possibilities
of raising pyrethrum flowers. These
flowers are the basic ingredient for many
insecticides, and world demand is larger
than the supply: prices are profitable.
IN PRESIDENT Johnson's message on
the state of the Union, delivered Jan-
uary 12, while Farm Bureau strongly op-
poses repeal of Section 14(b) of the Taft-
Hartley act, we wholeheartedly endorse
his recommendation to end pollution of
our streams, rivers and lakes.
TO THOSE who ship fruit or vegetables
to the United Kingdom comes a warn-
ing-fruit or vegetables treated with any
substance to accelerate ripening or with
any insecticide shall be accompanied by
a notice to that effect.

The Australian News and Information Bureau, in its Jan- 220 gallons; 1 gallon of milk-15 tons or 3300 gallons; 1 pound
uary bulletin said: "The enormous quantities of rain which scoured wool-250 tons or 56,000 gallons; one man's woolen
are required for the production of agricultural products are suit-1000 tons of rainfall or 224,000 gallons; one orange--/2
generally not appreciated. But it is vitally important that ton or 110 gallons; one 3-lb. chicken-15 tons or 3300 gal-
these be recognized so that people may have a better appre- Ions; etc.
ciation of the significance of water. The average quantities of It is interesting to estimate the quantity of water required
rain required for some Australian products are: a day to provide food for one adult and give him a normal Aus-
1 loaf of bread-2'/2 tons or 560 gallons; 1 egg-1 ton or tralian diet of about 2700 calories is 35 tons of rain a day.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966


By Mrs. Geo. W. Munroe, Chairman, FFBF Women's Committee

The FFBF directors meeting on Jan-
uary 18-19 was a long hard one but this
is as it should be. Because, to me, this
is the most important meeting of the
Our President, Mr. Art Karst, has ap-
pointed all committees needed up to this
time and they are beginning to function.
A good many things about the expanded
program was brought out-all being done
for a more efficient and effective Farm
One of our needs in Farm Bureau is
member participation individual in-
volvement meaning FB men, WOMEN
and young people. For we are a family
organization. For this reason my com-
mittee at the convention instructed me to
ask that the workshop be expanded to
one additional INTERESTED lady in
addition to the chairman. Our President
asked why it couldn't be held at the
same time as the President's Conference.
This was carried and they will be held
March 1-2.
We are planning a good program and
I hope it will far surpass the one we had
last year.
I hear so many good speeches at the
conventions and elsewhere that I feel
that I have to pass some of them on to
you. The following was given by Mrs.
Leslie Lamb, Darien Center, N.Y.,
AFBW committee member at the AFBF's
recent convention:
"Good government." We use these two
words often, we glibly chant them in the
classroom, utter them casually in the
market place, proclaim them in demand-
ing vociferous tones in our meeting halls,
and use them in a patronizing and com-
placent way when we talk with our
foreign friends. But just what do they
mean to you and me?
The derivation of these two words is
not only interesting, it offers us a chal-
lenge. In old English text books the word
"good" was spelled "god" and the word
"govern" is derived from a Greek word
meaning "to steer." Combine these two
and you have "god steering." These
words produce a comforting image, I am
sure. Is it the image our government
presents today? In adding the second
"o" have we taken God out entirely? Do
we still accord Him due respect and do

we still turn to Him for guidance? Does
"good government" still signify, "God
God is the cornerstone upon which we
must build good government. Mrs. Bella
Dodd has expressed it very well. Mrs.
Dodd practices law in New York City.
Between 1944 and 1949, she was in the
top echelon of the Communist Party in
the United States. Finally she realized
that the Communist Party existed only
to serve the Party. She left the Party
and turned toward God. She says,
"When we stop trusting in God, when we
reject the principles that we are His
creatures, subject to His laws, when we
switch from morality under God to mor-
ality by government committees and eth-
ics, we will witness more than the end of
law and order in our country. We will
witness the end of our country itself."
The second foundation stone to good
government is "ourselves." Someone has
said, "No people ever had a better gov-
ernment than it deserved." Is it possible
that we are being rewarded according to
our contribution to good government in
the past?
Each of us has an important job-one
that we and we alone can do. We pride
ourselves that our government is a grass-
roots government. Let us do our part to
make sure this is so. When we fail to
vote, when we fail to participate in any
political action, we pass up one of the
greatest opportunities that our country
has to offer.

We are fortunate for ancestors who
wrote the Declaration of Independence
and the Bill of Rights. They recognize
the worth of the individual. They were
free men, responsible for their destiny.
They were the master, their government
was the servant. God grant that the situ-
ation will never become reversed. Let us
not allow the "Great Society" to become
so great that we, the individuals, lose our
rights and freedom. Our importance as
an individual can only be measured by
our willingness to participate actively in
a fight for what is right!
The third cornerstone is "our youth";
they are the citizens of tomorrow. Upon
their shoulders will rest the government
in years ahead, the kind of job they do

will depend upon the training we give
them, the values we instill in them, and
the goals we help them set for themselves.
The moral fiber of our nation tomorrow
will depend upon the moral fiber of our
homes today.
May I quote from our friend, Paul
Harvey? "We have made two mistakes
in dealing with the younger generation;
we have told our youth that this country
was 'carved' out of the wilderness. The
truth is, it was hammered, hoed, chopped
and clawed out of the wilderness by men
who fought and gave themselves with no
thought of 'What's in it for you and me?'
Then we have told them it is a wonder-
ful thing to be an American. But we have
forgotten to tell them what a difficult, de-
manding and dangerous thing it is to be
an American.
"Youngsters today yearn to ally them-
selves with a cause. They need some-
thing to be for: they need to have a
reason for being."
Now I say to you, let us give them a
cause with which to ally themselves, a
reason for being. On the capabilities and
energies and dreams of our youth we will
build the good government of tomorrow.
And the last cornerstone in our build-
ing for good government is our nation
and its leaders. We live in a democracy;
the word "democracy" comes from two
Greek words meaning people and rule.
Though we are a government of the peo-
ple and by the people we need men in
authority to administer and carry out the
laws. It is up to us to choose those men
who are strong, men of integrity, men
who will put aside selfish interests and
work for the good of the nation and its
people. It is well to remember the words
of the well-known German author Goethe,
"The best government is that which rend-
ers itself unnecessary."

The fault of most governments is that
in their effort to be great they attempt
to do too many things the people should
do for themselves.
As Farm Bureau women, let us resolve
that we can and will build on these cor-
nerstones in 1966 to erect the structure
of good government which will reflect
"God Steering."

From the woman's point of view-here are more details about
the picture which appears on page 18. Mrs. Karst's dress was
black and Mrs. Clyatt's was chartreuse. Both ladies wore beau-
tilful white orchids. Mrs. Anne Keen was chairman of the re-
ception. Mrs. Joe Michael and Mrs. George Lier presided at
the punch bowl; and Mrs. Robertson and Mrs. C. Reed Knight,
Sr. at the silver servers. Mrs. Alice Sawyer, Mrs. Fielder Gunter

and Mrs. Anne Keen were in charge of decorations; Mrs. Cola B.
Streetman and Mrs. Fred Prestin, the guest book; and Mrs. D. B.
Warrenburg and Mrs. L. S. Gollnick, the kitchen. The
centerpiece on the table was a lovely floral arrangement of
pink and white carnations, and pink and yellow, red and
white roses. (Information courtesy: Mrs. Mary Aldendorf, office
secretary, Indian River FB).

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966

Here are cotton's top trio-winner of the
1966 Maid of Cotton title is lovely Nancy
Bernard (center) of Lubbock Texas. Runners-
up were Vivian Davis (left) Augusta, Ga.
and Martha Tate Stokely, Drew, Miss. The
new Maid is a 20-year old junior majoring
in elementary education at the University
of Texas. Nancy has already begun her
six months' international tour on behalf of
the American cotton industry. She is a
blue-eyed blond, who stands 5' 9" and
weights 132 pounds and makes all "A's"
in school. Her hobbies range from neele-
work to swimming. She loves animals
and has three cats and a dog. (Florida
girls interested in next year's Maid of
Cotton contest, write National Cotton
Council, Box 12285, Memphis, Tenn.

A Page For Florida's Rural Youth

A 7 year old farmer won the national big pumpkin contest.
Myron Dudkiewicz of Hadley. Mass. grew a 166 pound pump-
kin from a seed given to him by a friend. The contest is
sponsored annually by the Men's Garden Clubs of America.

The current Florida State Fair in Tampa listed 139 youth
who entered steers in the FFA and 4-H Shows. Boys and girls
from 16 counties competed for ribbons and prizes. Last year
Brenda Joyner of Plant City won top prices for her show grand
champion and Michael Balaban of Bonifay for his reserve show
grand champion. Brenda received $2.221.32 for her 1.038 pound
Angus steer and Michael's Angus Steer earned him $946.56.
This year's winner will be announced in the next issue of this

Pinellas County's Barbara Bane, Seminole High Student.
was crowned queen of the New York State Society at St.
Petersburg's Municipal Pier Ballroom last month. Barbara's
19 year old cousin is the current Miss Farm Bureau Queen of
South Carolina.

For your Valentine party you can make a sparkling candle
holder, a heart-shaped mobile or festive ornaments. Items
found around the house or which can be bought for a few
pennies at nearby stores is all you need. For free directions

write Martha Zehner. Florida Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th St.,

Florida's first American Dairy Princess has finished her
six month's tour as goodwill ambassadress for the dairy industry
and has returned to Florida Slate University. Under a new
arrangement being tried for the first time this year, the Princess
travels for six months then returns to college for one semester.
From now until June (when her reign ends) Susanne's activities
as Dairy Princess will be fitted into her college schedule. Miss
Bradford is majoring in social studies and education.

A new high school agricultural student's workbook entitled
"Agricultural Chemical Safety" has just been published by
California State Polytechnic College, The 50-page manual ex-
plains safe ways of handling and using farm chemicals. (One
example, is a spray chemical in common use that is perfectly
safe, when diluted, for killing insects on crops. But three drops
of the concentrated chemical on a farmer's skin, however, will
kill him.) Copies are 50 cents each. Write the college book-
store at San Luis Obispo, Calif.

Last year 15,087 high school students enrolled in voca-
tional agriculture programs in Florida, according to the State
Vo-Ag bulletin.

Karol Kelly of Zephyrhills who appeared in New York City late
last month in behalf of Florida Agriculture as "Miss Sunflavor".
She appeared in the sixth annual Florida Spring Harvest Festival,
a four day event, which stressed mid-winter availability of fresh
produce from Florida. Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner
and other Florida agricultural leaders participated in the festival,
held in New York which consumes one-fifth of all produce grown
here. Miss Kelly is also current citrus queen and relinquishes her
reign February 14 when a successor will be chosen at the Florida
Citrus Showcase.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966

Rate: 10c per word. Mn. $2.00. Display, $10 per col. inch.
P.O. Box 67, Gratigny Branch, Miami, Fla. 33168
REGISTERED Catahoula Leopard pups, trained Cowhogdogs,
unrelated pairs, Engl.sh Shepherd Border Collie pups, Trained
Border Colles. Stodghill Ranch, Quinlan, Texas.
AUSTRALIAN Shepherd, Australian Cattledog, Border Collies,
English Shepherd, Catahoula Leopard Cowhogdogs. Stodghill's
Research Magazine all about Stockdogs $3.00 yr. Record
Book for Certified Breeders $5.00. Stodghill's Research
Foundation, Quinlan, Texas 75474.
EXCLUSIVE MANUAL, You Need to Train Your Dog 10 Easy
Tricks. Revealing circus method. Age, breed, size makes no
difference. Send $2.00. Stewart-Coffey, Box 10366, Tampa,
TRAINED REGISTERED Catahoula Leopard Cowhogdogs. Un-
conditionally guaranteed. Unrelated beautiful pups. "Better
Than Horses." Charles Whitener, Roxton, Tex. Ph. Fl 6-3241.
FULLY TRAINED guaranteed cattle, sheep and hog dogs on
trial. C. Zeron. Morrisburg, Ontario.
PUREBRED AIRDALE puppies, farm raised, from healthy, in-
tellgent parents. Reasonable, guaranteed, America's foremost
allround dog. Sunnydare Farm, Frederick, 6, Md. 21701.
TOP NOTCH coonhounds. Live coons for sale. Write or visit:
Nelson Wesley, Inverness, Fla.
WILL BUY SELL TRADE new or used bulk milk tanks.
Richard Cernosek, P.O. Box 222, LaGrange, Texas. Phone 713-
WESTGO ROCK PICKER 4 ft. side pull 2000 lbs. capacity
2 or 3 bottom tractor will handle only $625 at factory.
Write WESTGO, West Fargo, N. D.
FARROWING CRATES. Complete $22.95. Free Literature
Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main, Colchester, III.
POST HOLE DIGGER 12V-DC, Augers 2"-7" one-man operat-
ed, 5,000 in use. Fully warranted. Price range $148 to $158,
complete. Bidler Energies, McKeesport, Pa.
PIPE IRRIGATION steel used No. 1 shape 2,3,4,6,8 inch.
Call 739-9040, Maryland Pipe, Box 394, Hagerstown, Md.

Minton's Blue Ribbon Equipment
1-340 Diesel w/Hester Tree Hoe ... $2500.00
1-340 Diesel w/Hester Tree Hoe . $2250.00
Lo-Boy Cub w/Woods Rotary Mower . $1300.00
2 Inch Portable Pump ......... $ 150.00
Minton Equipment Co.
HO 1-0800 Box 3270 Ft. Pierce
Collapsible FARM-POND-FISH-TRAPS; Animal Traps POST-
PAID. FREE information, pictures. SHAWNEE, 3934 C Buena
Vista, Dallas 4, Texas.
HYBRID RED WORMS, hand picked, 1,000-$3.00; 5,000-
$8.00; 10,000-14.00 bedrun, 20,000-$2.00. Postpaid with
raising instructions. Brazos Bait Farms, Rt. 9, Waco Texas.


INSECT Pests Biting, crop-destroying, mosquitoes, moths,
boll worms, etc. lOc month. Free information. Sing Sing
Bug Chair, Box M204, Metamora, Mich. 48455.


KENYON BROTHERS Farm Specializing in Holsteins since
1906. Large Selection of Choice Springing First Calf Heifers
and Cows. T. B. and Bangs tested, Calfhood vaccinated. Over
200 head on hand at all times. We deliver anywhere. Kenyon
Brothers, P.O. Box 134, Elgin, Illinois. Phone 312-741-1818.
SEND $1.00 for COLOR-ILLUSTRATED booklet. Charolais
Registry International, Box 286, Rockford, IlI.
LARGE SELECTION of Quality Wisconsin Holstein cows and
first calf heifers. I or trailer load. We deliver anywhere. C.
E. Davis & Son, Ringgold, Ga., Phone 935-2684.
HOLSTEINS: Carrying large selection first and second calf
fresh and close-up springers. J. E. Cable, Pontotoc, Miss.
Ph. 489-4688, 489-2348.
HOLSTEIN and ANGUS calves. Bull or Heifers from I to 8
weeks of age. David Weaver Jr., Rt. 1, Topeka, Ind.
Select Holstein & Jersey Springers
Large selection on hand at all times. Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Tested for Bangs 6 T.B. Financing Ava'lahle Phone Collect:
Bob Curley 965-1426; Murphy White, 585-040 ; Colonel Cy
Cooper, 683-0997 Palm Beach Cattle Co., 8282 Southern
Blvd., West Palm Beach, Fla. 33406.
Do you need milk immediately? 75 head of fresh and
real close HOLSTEIN heifers. Financing available.
2 years to pay.
Route 2, Box 380 Phone 317-839-6575
Indianapolis, Indiana
Registered and Grade Holsteins
Available from top DHIA accredited herds, many using art-
ificial breeding. Heifers at all ages, good young cows. Come
and make your own selections, or will buy on order a
your direction. Financing available. Free fleldman services.
Write-wire-phone for prices: WILL BETSCHLER, Fieldman,
Helenville, Wis. Office in Black Hawk Hotel, Fort Atkinson,
Wit. Phone JOrdan 3-2329.
Rei. Phone LYnwood 3-2351 at Sullivan, Wis.

Heavy spr.ngers, bred or open. Also Jersey & iuer..sey cows,
fresh or springers. 250 to 300 head on hand at all times to
choose from. Mostly calfhood vaccinated. All animals shipped
by Federal regulation of your state. I deliver. ELLIS W.
TAYLOR Route 1, Stratford, Missouri. Phone RE 6-2755.
MAKE MONEY raising Guina Pigs, Rabbits, Mink or Chin-
chillas for us. Write for free information. KEENEY BROTHERS,
New Freedom, Pennsylvania.
ALL BRAND NAME Latex products. Write for free confiden-
tial wholesale price lists. Distributor Sales, Dept. 3365, 3000
Truman, Kansas City, Mo. 64127.
TWO "WILL" FORMS (finest quality) and Lawyer's 64-
page booklet about wills, $1.00 complete. National, Box
48313-FL, Los Angeles 48, Calif.
GOOD PROFITS, make, sell door mats of used baler twine.
Illustrated, guaranteed instructions $1. .R. Brooks, R2F,
Arkansaw, Wis.
COINS: 100 Lincolns 1909 up $4.95. No two alike. Earl
Sprague, Kingston Dr., Muskego, Wis. 53150.
SEVEN BOOKS for $1.00! Send for list. Bookshop, 2771/FM
Montford, Asheville, N.C.
RARE POULTRY. Pigeons and tropical birds. Stamp for illus-
trated catalog. Scott's Bird Farm, Land O'Lakes, Fla.
MARRIAGE, DIVORCE and Remarriage. The truth as taught
by Christ, $1.00 postpaid. Callaway's, Dept. B, Elkin, N. C.
SIX FOOT Rawhide Bullwhips $4.00; Ten Foot, $8.00; 12
Foot $10.00. Fox Hunters Blowing Bullhorns, small, $5.00;
large, $7.00. SEEDS guaranteed highest germination, Callard,
Gourd (Martin Mustard, Okra1 Squash, Tobacco, and Tomato
-35c oz., $4.00 lb. Stuckey's, Blackshear, Ga.
LOCUST POST Round and Sawed. Reginald Trigger,
Rollins Fork, Va. Ph 775-4039.
Whitehouse, Florida Phone EL 6-6453 or EV 7-4383
teed 750x20-8 ply-$12.50; 750x20-10
ply, 825x20, 900x20, 1000x20 $15.50
Freight paid 3 or more. Free lists. Bridges
Tire Sales, Decatur, Alabama.
POEMS WANTED for musical setting and recording. Send
poems. Free examination. Crown Music Co., 49-SP W. 32 St.,
New York I.
POEMS & SONGS WANTED. All types. Royalty offer, Free
examination. Mail to Tin Pan Alley, Inc., 1650 Broadway,
New York, N.Y. 10019
POEMS WANTED for new songs. Send poems, Five Star Music,
6-B Beacon, Boston 8, Mass.


Write for information and prices to Grand Island Nurseries,
Inc., Box 906, Eustis, Florida 32726.
WONDER TREE, world's fastest shade, freezeproof, guaranteed,
salt-tolerant, write. Also multiplying onions, $1.00 qt., 50c
postage. Caryx Nursery, Inverness, Florida.
SET CABBAGE now. Early Jersey Wakefield, Early Round
Dutch. Send order, pay later. Carolina Plant Farms, Bethel, N.C.
STRAWBERRY PLANTS: Virus-free varieties of highest quality
-Florida 90 and New Earlibelle. Write for FREE catalog
today. James W. Brittingham, 2538-F Ocean City Rd., Salis-
bury, Md. 21801.
CAMELLIAS ready to bloom $2.50. Azalea rooted cuttings,
large $1.00 doz.; Dwarf $1.50; Sasanquas $1.50. Camellias
2.00 Postpaid. Robinson Nursery, 56 N. Georgia, Mobile, Ala.
2-YEAR CERTIFIED Rabbiteye blueberry plants $1.25 ea. post-
paid, Klonmore strawberry plants $2.00-100 postpaid. Wlson's
Plant Farm, Pollard, Ala.
DAYLILIES, named and labelled, my choice, 3 different $1.00
Pinecone ginger lily 2, $1.00 List free. Mrs. R. C. Welsh,
1118 Idlewild Dr., Tallahassee, Florida 32301.
SUPERIOR QUALITY from Willhite Melon Seed Farms. Water-
melon Seed. We grow certified seed in Texas, Colorado and
Oklahoma. Jubilee, Crimson Sweet, Rio Gray, Sh.pper, Gar-
risonian, Charleston Gray, Charleston Gray 133, Black Diamond
and other varieties. Grown strictly for seed of highest
quality, shipped nationwide. Beautiful catalog actual photo-
graphs 90 watermelon and cantaloupe varieties with valuable
information free on request. Willhite Melon Seed Farms,
Poolville, Texas and Weatherford, Texas.
ASSORTMENT 600 Sweet Onion Plants with
free planting guide $3.00 postpaid, fresh
from Texas Onion Plant Co., "home of the
sweet onion," Farmersville, Texas 75031.

H. S. Massey Jr.
Offers For Immediate Delivery
Phone 567-5370
(After 5 PM 567-6248 or 567-3967)

P.O. Box 1021 Dade City, Florida

FLORDAWON, FLORDAQUEEN, Flordahome, Tejon, Bonita,
Florida Jewel, Red Ceylon Peach trees. BRAND NEW FLORDA-
resistant rootstocks. Now taking orders 10% pre-budding
discount. Write now for information on these commercial and
home varieties especially adaptable to warm climates. Grand
Island Nurseries, Inc. Box 906, Eustis, Florida 32726.

3/4 to 1" good quality. Registered & Certified.
Make Me An Offer.
Phone 533-2891

P.O. Box 243

Bartow, Florida

FREE "INFORMATION about the Ozarks." Farm list with
actual photos. Owensby, Realtors, Buffalo, Mo.
400,000,000 ACRES government public land in 25 states.
Some low as $1.00 acre. 1966 Report. Send $1.00 National
Land 422Z2 Washington Bldg., Washington, D.C.
FROM 40 to 6000 ACRE RANCH, Manatee Co. Ex pasture
grove on farm land. Lease, sell or trade. Box 823, Ph.
746-9941, Bradenton, Florida.
FLORIDA Er VIRGINIA houses, also business & trailer parking
lots for rent. Adrian H. Whitcomb, Box 233, Newport News,
OWNER must sacrifice 2,000 choice acres in center of citrus
area near Indiantown. Will divide. Priced less than farmland
and less than paid for it. About '/x price of nearby acres.
Comfortable house. Terms. Write P.O. Box 8215, Northwood
Station, West Palm Beach.
FARM 857 ACRES in NW Florida, near Baker and Crestview.
Good land 2 and 3 crops a year. This is a money maker. Also
4 fish ponds. Good for wheat (36 acre allotment) soy beans,
snap beans, cattle, horses, fine machinery and equipment,
barns, storage, 3 bedroom house air conditioned. 2 tenant
houses, high and fertile land. No state income tax. R.
Cabaniss, P. 0. Box 1747, Pensacola, Fla.
LEARN AUCTIONEERING. Term Soon. Free Catalog. The
Reisch American School of Auctioneering, Inc., Mason City
71, Iowa.
AUCTION SCHOOL, Ft. Smith, Ark. Free Catalog.
Term soon. Home Study Courses Available.
HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA at home by licensed teachers using
approved materials. Send age, highest grade completed for
free details. Southern States Academy, Professional Bldg.,
Dept. 70, Decatur, Ga.
FOR SALE: Nameplates, badges, truck signs, decals, pressure-
sensitive labels. Free catalog, samples and quotations. Seton
Nameplate Corp. Dept. FM, New Haven, Conn. 06505
TRUCK DECALS & Self-Stick Signs. Made to order. Easy to
apply. Art Craft, 661 S. Main St., Webster, Mass.
"EXASPERATED with dull kitchen knives? Try finest American
handmade non-stainless. Free catalog. Webster House, 205
Dickinson Rd., Dept. F, Webster, N.Y. 14581."
MULTIPRINT RUGSTRIPS 3 Ibs. $1.00. "Woolbulky" yams
$1.00 Ib. Facecloths doz. $1.00. Sewnotions 50 $1.00
Buttons 800 $1.00. Laces 36 yds. $1.00 Quiltpatches 2 Ibs.
$1.00. Schaefer, Champlain, N.Y.
FREE Needlecraft Catalog! Embroidery, knitting, new ideas!
Merribee, Dept. 730, 1001 Foch, Ft. Worth, Tex. 76107
SENSATIONAL discovery, no sew fabric mender mends holes,
tears, rips in all fabrics in 60 seconds. Withstands washing,
boiling, ironing, $1.00 plastic bottle guaranteed. Penny-Wise
Distributors, 2419 Hamilton, Columbus, Ga. 31904.
MAKE UP to $3.50 an hour or more. Easy
pleasant way. Take orders for quality cos-
metics with our $10 demonstration kit sent
on trial. Write for FREE offer. Lucky Heart,
Dept. 146XB, Memphis, Tenn. 38102.

Over 2,000,000
Were sold in 1965 by members of many or-
ganizations. They enable you to earn money
for your treasury and make friends for your
organization. Sample FREE to official.
Established 1915 Cohoes, N.Y.
ZIP CODE 12407


If you want to buy or sell Citrus
trees dairy heifers onion
plants fence posts fishing
worms old coins trained dogs
blueberry plants books -
and hundreds of other items for
farmers read this page each month.
To participate see upper left hand
corner for information.

Florida Agriculture, January, 1966

At last month's FFBF board of directors meeting in
Gainesville a plaque for "distinguished service"
was presented to E. H. Finlayson, Greenville, who
retired from the organization's presidency recently
after serving for 14 years. The new FFBF Presi-
dent, Arthur E. (Art) Karst (Right) of Vero Beach,
is shown presenting the plaque to Mr. Finlayson,
who was a member of the AFBF's board of di-
rectors. The committee which selected the plaque
included: Dudley Putnam, Bartow, chairman; Mrs.
Geo. W. Munroe, Quincy, and Henry Prine, Bra-
denton. Mr. Finlayson continues to serve as a
member of the FFBF's board of directors and is
currently vice-president of the Florida Agricultural
council. (Note background pictures, which hang
on walls of FFBF's board room. Photos of all
Farm Bureau state presidents are included. These
three are: Loring Raoul, Sarasota; Mr. Finlayson
and Mr. Karst.

by Bill Beck, Kissimmee
for Florida Agriculture
A new and interesting special event is
added to the 22nd Annual Kissimmee
Valley Livestock Show this year. (See
page 2 for other information).
Friday evening at 7:00 p.m., February
18th, "The Parade of Cattle Champions"
will take place. Each grand champion
and reserve champion animal will ad-
vance and be recognized, led by their
herdsmen, and preceded by a Miss Silver
Spurs beauty contestant throwing flower
petals in their path.
Each Herdsman with his animal will
enter the Livestock Show Arena thru a
specially designed archway significant
of the event, and come before Miss Silver
Spurs and her court, where the winners'
ribbons will be bestowed individually to
each Herdsman as he is recognized, as
the Master of Ceremonies gives a brief
biography of his animal.
SAngus, Brahmans, Charolais, Here-
fords, Santa Gertrudis and Shorthorns
will all be competing for a place of
honor in the Parade of Cattle Champions.
This exciting first is one of two new
Special Events added to this years Kis-
simmee Valley Livestock Show in a never
ending effort by the Directors to provide
spectators with a more informative and
entertaining show, the other first this
year is the Pure Bred Poodle Show, as
the Miss Silver Spurs beauty pageant
goes into its second year as aKVLS

Robert A. Darr, Columbia, S. C. has
been elected president of the Federal
Land Bank, succeeding D. M. Dowdell,
Jr., who retired recently. Mr. Darr
will continue to serve as president of the
Federal Intermediate Credit Bank of
Columbia, a position he has held since
1954. The Columbia Land Bank serves
farmers in Florida, Georgia, North Caro-
lina and South Carolina with over 36,000
Florida Agriculture, February, 1966 17

long-term loans in the total amount of
more than $320 million through 46 local
Land Bank associations throughout the
four states. (See page 5).

American railroads have succeeded in
reducing average freight charges by 14
percent since 1958. By contrast, the con-
sumer price index has risen almost 10
percent in the same period. The reduc-
tion was made possible through more
efficient use of manpower, technological
gains and improved customer service, ac-

cording to the Association of American

The Catahoula Leopard Stockdogs are
said to be gaining in popularity. It is
a hunting dog that can kill a wolf; a
watchdog or child's pet. For more in-
formation write Tom Stodghill, Genea-
ologist, Quinlan, Texas.

Above photo was made for this issue
by Thornton Hartley, Gainesville, Florida
Times Union photographer.


Your home is probably your most expensive investment. Fire can destroy
it without warning-because no home is fireproof. Your own Farm Bureau
company can sell you the fire insurance you need. See your local Farm Bureau
agent today or write Ray B. Mosley, manager. .


The President's Message

By Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation

Florida Farm Bureau is on the move. Record levels
of activity and achievement are occurring in almost
every field of our endeavor. Farm Bureau membership,
statewide, as of January 18 totaled 29,522 with a few
counties just starting to report their 1966 members,
so it looks like we have a good chance to approach 35
thousand family members for 1966 compared to our
1965 all time high total of 33,170.
Participation by members in our service programs
continues to reach new heights. For instance, during
1965, 7,934 additional vehicles became insured through
Farm Bureau Companies, bringing the total to 48,835.
Fire, life and all other coverages have similarly in-
creased. Our Tire, Battery and Accessories department
(TBA) has been growing like para grass on a rainy, sum-
mer day, as more members become aware of the savings
available through this Farm Bureau Service.
All Florida Farm Bureau Committees are function-
ing. Attendance at committee meetings has been al-
most 100%, and it is most encouraging and gratifying to
see the enthusiasm and determination with which these
groups attack the problems assigned to them. The Flor-
ida Farm Bureau tax committee, with membership rep-
resentation from nearly every county, will present our
resolved position in every field of taxation as set forth
in our resolutions.
Florida Farm Bureau is scheduled to testify before
the Tax Revision Commission in late February. Comp-
troller "Bud" Dickinson has readily agreed to meet
with us in our Gainesville headquarters so that he and
his staff can become more fully advised and informed
on tax matters affecting agriculture-especially the use
of the Tax Assessors Manual, the application of the Ag-

ricultural Assessment Act, the Just Value law, sales and
use taxes, and license taxes.
Florida Farm Bureau leadership is aware of the at-
tempt by some members of Congress (none from Flor-
ida) to impose restrictions upon the states to determine
how and where a state applies taxing measures in order
to finance necessary services to the people of the state.
HR 11798-Interstate Taxation Act would have serious
adverse effect on Florida's system of state finance and
taxation. This proposed Act seems to be just another
attempt to further centralize all government in Wash-
ington, D.C., and to gradually turn over all policy and
administrative functions and power to "career"' peo-
ple. Such is not our concept of Constitutional govern-
ment with power vested in the people, delegating cer-
tain "checks and balances" responsibilities and author-
ity to the three separate divisions of our government.
We will continue to oppose either the Administra-
tive or Judicial Edict form of government. As a leader
of Congress has said, "They are trying to change Amer-
ica, and you won't like it," it is only too true that if
we the people fail to direct the vehicle called govern-
ment toward the destination we desire, there are those
who are more than willing to lead us into moral, eco-
nomic, and national disaster.
As the time for the primary and general elections
of 1966 approach, it behooves us all to investigate deeply
into the qualifications of the candidates who offer them-
selves for public service. Let us, as individuals, effec-
tively help to elect those candidates whose record and
beliefs correspond to our understanding of what is gov-
ernment "of the people, by the people, and for the

Last month the Indian River County Farm Bureau
sponsored a reception in honor of Arthur E. (Art) Karst,
who was elected president of the Florida Farm Bureau
at the recent annual state convention. FFBF officials,
agricultural and political leaders from throughout
Florida attended the reception, held in the Vero Beach
Woman's Club building, the evening of January 21st.
The accompanying picture was made during the re-
ception. It includes the four who were in the re-
ception line: L to R: Mrs. Dudley E. Clyatt, wife of
Indian River Farm Bureau president; Mrs. Arthur E.
Karst; Mr. Karst and Mr. Clyatt. (Women readers
see page 14). Mr. Karst is a former president of the
Indian River County FB. He held a similar post in
the Orange County FB before moving to Vero Beach.
(Photo by Bob Palmer).



Ever since my trip to Pakistan, any
mention in the news or on television
about the country attracts my attention.
I was recently informed that Farmers
and World Affairs were sending another
group of farmers to Pakistan January 23.
The fact that the Pakistani government
is cooperating in making arrangements
for this tour confirms my suspicions that
the hostilities shown the Americans in
Pakistan were greatly exaggerated by the
news media.
I am wondering if we are not becoming
the greatest country of informed mis-
informed people in the world. It is said,
"if you are not confused, you are not
well informed."
It is no wonder, because information
value is based on how many newspapers
it will sell or how many viewers it will
attract. The public, of course, makes the
decision but the public does not always
like to read the truth. They like it touch-
ed up a bit.
We are beginning to live in a fairyland
of make-believe. The basic ingredient
for a democracy is an informed electoral.
I do not know what the solution is, or
do I suggest that because we have a prob-
lem that there is a solution. But the re-
sults are always the same a steady
breakdown of a democracy and the rise
of a dictator type government will take
its place. -Ray Farwell.
(Ed Note: Above appeared In the January sue
of the Hardee Farm Bureau News. Mr. Farewell
Is President of that group and a former member
of the FFBF board of directors).

Continued from page 4
now is the time to call your county
Farm Bureau secretary and ask her
to send me a note requesting addi-
tional information on this additional
service offered by Farm Bureau. You
may call or write me directly at the
state office in Gainesville. Inciden-
tally the minimum charge of $10.50
a month includes the preparation of
a tax return for you at the close of
your year. You have been keeping
records for the Department of In-
ternal Revenue, why not keep a few
additional records for your own ben-
efit?-Bobby R. Bennett.
(Note: Write Mr. Bennett in care FFBF,
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville or Phone
him at FR 2-0401.) Use quick reply box
at lower left of page 4.)

Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
issues contracts geared to the needs of Farm
Families. It also has a sales force trained to give
first class insurance service to all Farm People.
It is important for you to review your insurance
program periodically.
Are you interested in:
] A review of the beneficiary arrangement of your
E] An explanation of the latest Social Security
L An analysis of your insurance needs and a well-
planned program to meet them.
J Additional insurance for yourself. L Wife.
] Your Children.
] What retirement income benefits your present
insurance will provide.
O Educational insurance for your boy or girl.
0 How you can leave your home free and clear
to your family if you should die.
i Insurance for estate tax purposes.
I Other
See your local Farm Bureau Agent today or com-
plete and mail the coupon below.


P. 0. Box 78 Jackson, Mississippi
For more information return coupon.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1966


Coming up
...another bg year
for the South!
RECENT YEARS have been big
growth years for the South. In the past
six years, businessmen have invested
$21/2 billion in new and expanded in-
dustrial projects along Southern Rail-
way's lines alone. These developments,
totaling more than 2,000, have created
thousands of new jobs. And expanding
business has brought in its wake new
opportunities for personal development
in education, the arts and other non-
commercial pursuits.
Just as surely, another bright year
lies ahead. The South's economy will
continue to expand and diversify for
the same good reasons as before...
dependable, productive workers...
abundant natural resources... booming
markets... low-cost rail transportation
...and many others.
Particularly in the agri-business field
will there be exciting new opportunities
for profit and growth, made possible by
Southern's drastically reduced freight
charges for hauling grain into the
Southeast from the Midwest. Agricul-
tural economists confidently predict
that the great new livestock and related
agri-business expansion stemming from
Southern's low grain freight rates will
annually put 2 billion new dollars into
circulation in the South, ringing cash
registers everywhere.
Working together, we can make 1966
the "best year yet" for the South!

Southern PR
Railway System
WAMHINGTON, V. C ,a. .t i



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