Citation
Zucchini and acorn squash variety trial

Material Information

Title:
Zucchini and acorn squash variety trial
Series Title:
Research Report - University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences , Central Florida Research and Education Center ; 96-04
Creator:
Hancik, Ivalou D.
White, J. Marion
Place of Publication:
Sanford, FL
Publisher:
University of Florida, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences, Central Florida Research and Education Center
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
City of Sanford ( local )
Squashes ( jstor )
Fruits ( jstor )
Planting ( jstor )

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
122268900 ( OCLC )

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HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do not reflect current scientific knowledge or recommendations. These texts represent the historic publishing record of the Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences and should be used only to trace the historic work of the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS research may be found on the Electronic Data Information Source (EDIS)
site maintained by the Florida Cooperative Extension Service.





Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University of Florida







o UNIVERSITY: OF FLORIDA

Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciencqs
CENTRAL FLORIDA RESEARCH AND EDUCAT , N CENTER
Sanford, FL. 32771-9608 Marston Science Library
Research Report SAN 96-04 Augus,,.25 AUG T"
ZUCCHINI AND ACORN SQUASH VARIETY TRIAL

Ivalou D. Hancik and J. Marion White Universt of Florida


This report summarizes the evaluations of 10 cultivars/breeding lines of zucchini and three lines of acorn squash. Entries were evaluated for adaptability to Florida's spring production conditions. The field was prepared (fertilized and pesticide applied) on March 17 20, 1995, as per guidelines suggested in the Extension Service Control Guide; raised beds were formed and covered with black plastic mulch. Squash seeds were planted by hand in hills (2-3 seeds/hill) 24" apart in 25' long plots on March 21, 1995. City of Sanford reclaimed water was used to overhead irrigate this trial on an as-needed basis; currently, this application is only permitted when vegetables are to be thermally processed.

Zucchini harvesting began on April 27, 1995, and concluded with the eighth harvest on May 26, 1995. Acorn squash was harvested at maturity on June 12, 1995. Yield data and other characteristics rated in this trial are found in Table 1; weather data are recorded in Table
2.

SUMMARY

Zucchini Squash Trial

A portion of the zucchini field was improperly treated with herbicide, resulting in the loss of approximately two-thirds of this trial. As a result, no data were collected for entries FMX 576 and ZS7. Average yield data are presented here for the remaining entries, however, the data were not sufficient to generate meaningful statistical analyses.

Total marketable yield, expressed as 42-lb bushels/acre, ranged from 239-580. Early (first three harvests) marketable yield ranged from 137-346 bushels/acre.

Total cull weight ranged from 58-255 bushels acre; early cull weight (first three harvests) ranged from 14-175 bushels/acre.

Both Tigress and Embassy were noted to be very long. Agriset 780 had a somewhat mottled appearance with whitish spots/stripes. ZS12 consistently produced very dark green fruit with pointy shape.








Acorn Squash Trial


Three lines of acorn squash were evaluated in this trial. These lines produced large quantities of fruit; average individual fruit weight was above 1.5 lb in all three lines. Acorn squash was harvested 83 days after planting; at harvest, some sun scalding of the fruit was noted. This problem may be overcome by altering the planting date and/or by maintaining a healthy plant canopy until the fruit is harvested. All three lines seem to have potential for development in the central Florida area.

This report is not intended to recommend one variety over another, but rather is meant as a general guideline for variety selection. Different field locations, planting dates, and cultural practices may alter the performance of these squash lines; growers should be mindful of this variability when selecting a new variety and planting small test areas of new varieties may be advisable.

Seeds were obtained from the following cooperators:

AG 0 Agrisales, Inc., P. 0. Box 2060, Plant City, FL 33564-2060 AS 9 Asgrow Seed Co., 7000 Portage Road, Kalamzoo, MI 49001
FM 9 Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Box 392, Sun Prairie, WI 53590
HM 0 Harris Moran Seed Co., P. 0. Box 3091, Modesto, CA 95352
PS 0 Petoseed Co., P. 0. Box 4206, Saticoy, CA 93007-4206
RO 0 Rogers Seed Co., P. 0. Box 4188, Boise, ID 83711-4188








Table 1. Zucchini and


Entry


Sunnier


acorn squash variety trial - Sanford, FL - 1995.


Tot. mkt_


Yield Earlyz mkt.


(bu/A
Total cull


Early cull


Shaney Colorx


Notes


FMX 718 ZS4
Tigress Spineless Beauty Sensation

Senator Agriset 780 ZS12 Embassy Agriset 840


FM RO HM

RO AS


580
530 527


346 355 270


508, 189
447 232


284 243 192 135 37


153 230 163

76 128

208 146 58 255 167


white spots/stripes dark green, pointy very long


zTirst three harvests - April 27, May 3, May 8 YRated 1, poor to 5, good 'Rated 1, light gray/green to 5, dark green


Acorn squash variety trial - Sanford, FL - 1995


Avg. fruit Total
Entry Supplier bu/A wt. (lb) cull

XPH1755 AS 1243 1.53 0 Tay Belle AS 1181 1.59 0 XPH 1756 AS 1028 1.66 0


Table 2. Temperature and rainfall at CFREC-Sanford during the 1995 growing season (March 21 June 12).

Daily temperature (�F) Rainfall Date Maximum Minimum (inches)


March 21 - 31
April 1 - 30 May 1 - 31 oune 1 - 12


0.00 2.91 3.29 3.09


A


very long


Entrv mkt mkt
Supplier




Full Text

PAGE 1

HISTORIC NOTE The publications in this collection do not reflect current scientific knowledge or recommendations. These texts represent the historic publishing record of the Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences and should be used only to trace the historic work of the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS research may be found on the Electronic Data Information Source (EDIS) site maintained by the Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University of Florida

PAGE 2

• • • UNIVERSiTY: OF FLORIDA Institute of Food & Agricultural Scien5:~ CENTRAL FLORIDA RESEARCH AND EDU CA Tf PN CENTER Sanford, FL. 32771-9608 Marston Science Library Augusj,.J.9.9 5 AUG 2 9 l'#J ZUCCHINI AND ACORN SQUASH VARIETY TRIAL Research Report SAN 96-04 Ivalou D. Hancik and J. Marion White UniVersily of Florida L This report summarizes the evaluations of 10 cul ti vars/breeding lines of zucchini and three lines of acorn squash. Entries were evaluated for adaptability to Florida's spring production conditions. The field was prepared (fertilized and pesticide applied) on March 17 20, 1995, as per guidelines suggested in the Extension Service Control Guide; raised beds were formed and covered with black plastic mulch. Squash seeds were planted by hand in hills (2-3 seeds/hill) 24" apart in 25' long plots on March 21, 1995. City of Sanford reclaimed water was used to overhead irrigate this trial on an as-needed basis; currently, this application is only permitted when vegetables are to be thermally processed. Zucchini harvesting began on April 27, 1995, and concluded with the eighth harvest on May 26, 1995. Acom squash was harvested at maturity on June 12, 1995. Yield data and other characteristics rated in this trial are found in Table 1; weather data are recorded in Table 2. SUMMARY Zucchini Squash Trial A portion of the zucchini field was improperly treated with herbicide, resulting in the loss of approximately two-thirds of this trial. As a result, no data were collected for entries FMX 576 and ZS7. Average yield data are presented here for the remaining entries, however, the data were not sufficient to generate meaningful statistical analyses. Total marketable yield, expressed as 42-lb bushels/acre, ranged from 239-580. Early (first three harvests) marketable yield ranged from 137-346 bushels/acre. Total cull weight ranged from 58-255 bushels acre; early cull weight (first three harvests) ranged from 14-17 5 bushels/acre. Both Tigress and Embassy were noted to be very long. Agriset 780 had a somewhat mottled appearance with whitish spots/stripes. ZS12 consistently produced very dark green fruit with pointy shape .

PAGE 3

• • • Acorn Sq4ash Trial I Three lines of acorn squash were evaluated in this trial. These lines produced large quantities of fruit; average individual fruit weight was above 1.5 lb in all three lines. Acorn squash was harvested 83 days after planting; at harvest, some sun scalding of the fruit was noted. This problem may be overcome by altering the planting date and/or by maintaining a healthy plant canopy until the fruit is harvested. All three lines seem to have potential for development in the central Florida area. This report is not intended to recommend one variety over another, but rather is meant as a general guideline for variety selection. Different field locations, planting dates, and cultural practices may alter the performance of these squash lines; growers should be mindful of this variability when selecting a new variety and planting small test areas of new varieties may be advisable. Seeds were obtained from the following cooperators: AG• AS• FM• HM• PS • RO • Agrisales, Inc., P. 0. Box 2060, Plant City, FL 33564-2060 Asgrow Seed Co., 7000 Portage Road, Kalamzoo, MI 49001 Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Box 392, Sun Prairie, WI 53590 Harris Moran Seed Co., P. 0. Box 3091, Modesto, CA 95352 Petoseed Co., P. 0. Box 4206, Saticoy, CA 93007-4206 Rogers Seed Co., P. 0. Box 4188, Boise, ID 83711-4188

PAGE 4

.. Table 1 . Zucchini and acorn squash variety trial Sanford, FL 1995. • Yield (bu/A Tot. Earlyz Total Early Entry Supplier mkt. mkt. cull cull FMX 718 FM 580 346 153 65 ZS4 RO 530 355 230 175 Tigress HM 527 270 163 84 Spineless Beauty RO 508, 189 76 43 Sensation AS 447 232 128 14 Senator AS 396 284 208 166 Agriset 780 AG 377 243 146 66 ZS12 RO 357 192 58 25 Embassy PS 355 135 255 123 Agriset 840 AG 239 37 167 52 zFirst three harvests April 27 , May 3, May 8 YRated 1, poor to 5, good xRated 1 , light gray/green to 5 , dark green • Acorn squash v ariety trial Sanford, FL 1995 Avg. fruit Total Entry Supplier bu/A wt. (lb) cull XPH1755 AS 1243 1.53 0 Tay Belle AS 1181 1.59 0 XPH 1756 AS 1028 1.66 0 Table 2 . Temperature and rainfall at CFREC-Sanford during the 1995 growing season (March 21 June 12). Date March 21 31 April 1 30 May 1 31 .une 1 12 Daily temperature (F) Maximum Minimum 86 92 96 97 51 46 60 70 Rainfall (inches) 0 . 00 2.91 3.29 3 .09 ShapeY 3.7 2 . 5 3.1 3.8 3.8 4.1 4.3 4.3 3.5 3.7 Colorx Notes 2.0 4 . 0 4 . 5 very long 3.3 3.8 3.9 2.4 white spots/stripes 5.0 dark green, pointy 3.0 very long 4.7