THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE
Series 1 No. 2
February 1, 1958
Published monthly by the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
Entered in the post office in Gainesville, Florida, as second-class matter,
under Act of Congress, August 24, 1912
Office of Publication, Gainesville, Florida
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE
George T. Harrell, M.D....... .Dean of the College of Medicine and Professor
* * * S** ** * fs** *** **** * *
John D. Ainslie, M.D . . . . . ... .Assistant Professor of Psychiatry
Aaron H. Anton, Ph.D ...... ..Instructor in Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Victor M. Arean, M.D . . . . . ..... ..Associate Professor of Pathology
Allan R. Heaudoin, Ph.D . . . . . ... .Assistant Professor of Anatomy
Lucy Birzis, Ph.D . . . ... .Instructor in Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Sidney Cassin, Ph.D .................... .Instructor in Physiology
Charles F. Crampton, Ph.D . . . ... .Assistant Professor of Pathology
Lamar E. Crevasse, Jr., M.D . ... .Instructor in Medicine and Chief Resident
Joshua L. Edwards, M.D . . .Professor and Head of. Department of Pathology
Paul D. Ellner, Ph.D. . . . . . . . . ... ..Instructor in Microbiology
Vergil H. Ferm, M.D., Ph.D. . . . . ... .Associate Professor of Anatomy
Melvin J. Fregly, Ph.D . . . . . ... ..Assistant Professor of Physiology
Melvin Fried, Ph.D. . . . . . . ...Assistant Professor of Biochemistry
Justus Gelzer, M.D . . . .Research Postdoctoral Fellow in Microbiology
Joseph F. Gennaro, Ph.D. . . . . . .. .Assistant Professor of Anatomy
George Gifford, Ph.D . . . . .... ..Assistant Professor of Microbiology
Harriet Gillette, M.D . . ... .Assistant Professor of Surgery and Chief of
Division of Physical Medicine
Robert S. Glen, M.D . . . . . . . .Assistant Professor of Psychiatry
Donald C. Goodman, Ph.D . . . . ..... ..Assistant Professor of Anatomy
Joachim S. Gravenstein, M.D .... .Assistant Professor of Surgery and Chief
the Division of Anesthesia
John L. Graves, Ph.D. . . . . . . . . .. .Instructor in Biochemistry
William H. Harrison, M.D .... .Instructor in Surgery and Chief Resident in
Claude I. Hood, Ch.. . . . . . ... .Assistant Professor of Pathology
Lotte Hullinger, M.D . . . .Research Postdoctoral Fellow in Microbiology
George W. Hunter, III, Ph.D. . . . . . . ... ..Lecturer in Microbiology
Robert E. Klein, M.D. . . . . . . . ... . Instructor in Pathology
Arthur L. Koch, Ph.D . . . ... .. Assistant Professor of Biochemistry
Kenneth C. Leibman, Ph.D . . .Assistant Professor of Pharmacology and
Thomas H. Maren, M.D . . . . ... ..Professor and Head of Department of
of Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Samuel P. Martin, M.D . . .Professor and Head of Department of Medicine
George H. Miller, M.D .... .Associate Professor of Surgery and Chief of the
Division of Urology
Bohdan Nechay, D.V.M .... .Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Pharmacology
D. Louise Odor, Ph.D. . . . . . . .. .Assistant Professor of Anatomy
James A. Olson, Ph.D. . . . ... ..... Assistant Professor of Biochemistry
Eileen Otis, Ph.D. . . . . . . . .. .Research Associate in Medicine
Arthur B. Otis, Ph.D .... .Professor and Head of Department of Physiology
Robert A. Phelps . . . . . ... ..Research Associate in Biochemistry
Harry Prystowsky, M.D . . .Professor and Head of Department of Obstetrics
Frank W. Putnam, Ph.D. .. .Professor and Head of Department of Biochemistry
Peter F. Regan, M.D . . .Professor and Head of Department of Psychiatry
Alfred E. Ritchie . . . . .... ..Research Associate in Biochemistry
Lamar Roberts, M.D., Ph.D .... .Associate Professor of Surgery and Chief
of the Division of Neurosurgery
Herbert Schapiro, M.S . . . . . ... .Research Associate in Surgery
Morris Smithberg, Ph.D . . . ... .Interim Assistant Professor of Anatomy
Wendell Stainsby, Sc.D. . . . . . . . . ... ..Instructor in Physiology
William W. Stead, M.D. . . . . . . .. .Associate Professor of Medicine
Else Suter, M.D. . . . . . . ... ..Research Associate in Medicine
Emanuel Suter, M.D. ....... Professor and Head of Department of Microbiology
William Jape Taylor, M.D . . .Assistant Professor of Medicine and Chief
William C. Thomas, Jr., M.D . .Assistant Professor of Medicine and Director
Margaret Waid, M.D. . . . . . . . ... ..Interim Instructor in Pathology
Myron W. Wheat, Jr., M.D. . . . . . ... ..Assistant Professor of Surgery
Clarency J. Weinmann . . . . . . . ..... Instructor in Microbiology
James G. Wilson, Ph.D .... .Professor and Head of Department of Anatomy
Per Wistrand, M.D .... .Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Pharmacology and
Edward R. Woodward . . . . .Professor and Head Department of Surgery
Ernest B. Wright, Ph.D . . . . ... .Associate Professor of Physiology
The College of Medicine
EDUCATION IN THE scientific aspects of medicine is the aim of the College
of Medicine. The establishment of the College offers an unusual oppor-
tunity for many of the varied resources of the University to be applied
not only to the training of physicians, but to basic scientists and other personnel.
The educational program is planned for the training of students in the most
modern practice in patient care, but with stress on research and teaching in all
fields related to realth.
The various units of the J. Hillis Miller Health Center have been designed
to function as an integrated whole. The site is in close proximity to the rest of
the campus for students' convenience, but on a highway for the ready transporta-
tion of patients. In this fashion the problems of traffic, parking, growth, and
addition of other units-such as pharmacy, dentistry, and research-could be
anticipated in preliminary planning.
The Medical Sciences Building, housing the classrooms, teaching and research
laboratories, and special supporting facilities, was completed and the first classes
enrolled in September, 1956. Planned to apply the most modern methods to
medical education, the flexible design will permit the curriculum to evolve grad-
ually with experience and the development of new knowledge. Classrooms and
laboratories will accommodate teaching in small groups of 16 or a multiple of this
unit. The major teaching laboratories may be used for simultaneous instruction
of the whole class or may be adapted to different uses by single groups.
The entire physical plant has been designed with the needs of the medical
student in mind. The practice of medicine requires a never ending process of
self-education. In order to facilitate this pattern of reasoning and study each
student, from the day he enters the College of Medicine, is provided with a unique
study cubicle or "thinking office." Here he can collect observations and other data,
critically evaluate them and intelligently use his conclusions in planning individually
a program of care for each patient he sees.
The Teaching Hospital, opening in the Fall of 1958, connects with each of
the seven floors of the Medical Sciences Building; the functions in the hospital
have been related floor by floor with the present building. Facilities for patient
care, also designed wih the needs of the student in mind, reproduce the conditions
under which patients are cared for in the local community. The elements of the
hospital, home, and office found in these units will enable the student to learn to
care for patients in all of these situations. The role of the family in the continuing
care of illness, and the responsibility of the physician for teaching its members, as
well as the patient, techniques of special care and understanding of the medical
problem can be repeatedly reinforced for the student.
The ambulant care facility, a new concept in patient treatment, provides a
separate wing of the hospital, closely related to the outpatient clinic. Particular
emphasis has been placed on areas for the rehabilitation of acute and chronically
The faculty has been chosen on the basis of teaching ability and research
potential. The individual members have been selected to bring together a young
and enthusiastic faculty with widely varied backgrounds and interests. Particular
attention has been given to the breadth of academic training with emphasis on
the type of liberal arts education.
In order to encourage close student-faculty contacts, laboratory experiments
have been planned for the student to work individually or in small groups of two
or four. Within each course a high ratio of full time faculty to students has been
maintained. To encourage informal contacts and discussions each student is assigned
to a faculty member as a tutor or advisor. The physical plant in such areas as the
general and departmental libraries, conference and seminar rooms, and student areas
has been planned to encourage these contacts.
Florida State Scholarships.
Ten scholarships are available annually to Florida citizens who have been
admitted to a college of medicine. Each scholarship is for $1,000 a year and may
be renewed. Awards are made on the basis of academic performance and financial
need. Application forms may be secured from the State Board of Health, Post
Office Box 210, Jacksonville, Florida.
The curriculum is designed to develop keen powers of observation, support
critical evaluation of data, promote independent logical thinking and encourage
warm attitudes toward people. The student will use these attributes for the rest
of his professional life and will continue to build upon his basic knowledge
regardless of the field of medicine which he ultimately chooses for his career.
Teaching is directed toward an understanding of concepts, principles and methods
rather than toward an accumulation of facts. Courses have been related to each
other and the content of individual courses has been arranged insofar as possible
from an interdisciplinary approach. Correlation has been planned from the begin-
ning so that students will tend to think of both basic medical and clinical dis-
ciplines as different facets of medicine as a whole.
The curriculum is arranged so that students interested in a career in medical
teaching and research may elect to work toward a Doctor of Philosophy degree
in Medical Sciences. Education in the basic medical sciences is planned from an
interdisciplinary point of view but with a major in the fields of anatomy, bio-
chemistry, microbiology or physiology. The minor may be elected in any scientific
discipline approved for graduate study in the University outside of the College
of Medicine or in another of the basic medical sciences including pharmacology
The practice of medicine is an art which applies scientific tools and methods
to the study of an individual patient. This close interpersonal relationship is highly
confidential and requires one individual to place great trust in another. The
student must have personal qualities of a high order-character, integrity, intel-
lectual honesty, responsibility, maturity, initiative and aptitude. In addition to
these personal characteristics, he must have demonstrated superior intellectual
achievement. The quality of the academic background and the proved willingness
to approach his maximum potential performance will be weighed along with extra
curricular activities and other interests. A genuine interest in human welfare is
The College of Medicine will be responsible academically for the post-
graduate training program of the Teaching Hospital. The internship and residency
programs will be supervised by the faculty.
The physical plant provides space both in the Medical Sciences Building and
Teaching Hospital for continuing education of alumni of the University as well
as practicing physicians. A senior faculty member has postgraduate education as
his primary educational responsibility. Physicians may attend teaching exercises
on an informal basis at any time and are welcome to use the Library, special post-
graduate rooms or other facilities. Organized postgraduate courses are planned for
the special lecture and conference rooms and auditorium at Gainesville and may
be continued in other parts of the state. This postgraduate program has been in
operation as a function of the University for many years in conjunction with the
Florida Medical Association and the Florida State Board of Health.
A well-rounded liberal education is an essential background for the study
of medicine. The impact of disease on the family and the planning-for optimum
adjustment of the patient in the community requires the physician to have a
broad cultural background. Knowledge of social and behavorial factors as well as
technical training in professional skills are necessary. Concentration on the physical
and biological sciences in the preprofessional curriculum is not necessary, though
a minimum number of science courses is required for admission. It is preferable
that the student blend courses in many of the arts and humanities with the minimal
core of the sciences.
Efficient methods of study and effective powers of reasoning are essential.
It is more important for the student to have knowledge of and working familiarity
with basic concepts and theories than to have developed manual proficiency in
scientific techniques. The rapid rate of scientific medical progress requires that the
student show steady growth intellectually and personally throughout his period of
preprofessional training since continued growth will be expected in his professional
years. To achieve these ends the student should select courses and activities to
develop his own intellectual maturity and judgment. The selection should be
planned in cooperation with the student's preprofessional advisor at his own par-
ticular college. Advice to the prospective student or his counsellor will be gladly
given by the College of Medicine.
Students intending to apply for admission should complete the requirements
for a bachelor's degree. A limited number of exceptional students upon whom
the degree may not have been conferred by the time of entrance into medical school
may be considered for admission at the end of their third year in' college.
Applicants over the age of 30 rarely will be considered. No applications from
persons over 35 will be accepted. The College admits both men and women. A
limited number of out-of-state students of proved superior ability will be admitted.
The number may vary from year to year but will follow the proportion of non-
resident students in the University.
Students who have failed academically or are ineligible to continue in a
medical or other professional school will not be admitted. No transfer students
will be accepted for advanced standing in work leading to the M.D. degree.
Graduate students in the basic medical sciences apply through the Graduate
School. All requirements of the University, including scores on the Graduate
Record Examination, must be met.
The requirements for basic scientific knowledge are intended to give the
student working familiarity with basic concepts and theories rather than manual
proficiency in techniques. The quality of the courses taken to satisfy the minimum
requirements for admission and the performance of the student in them will be
weighed more heavily than the total number of science courses taken. Unless
specified to complete the requirement for a degree in his own college, courses
which will be repeated in the medical curriculum in more exhaustive fashion should
not be selected. The number of hours and the content of courses in the preprofes-
sional curriculum will vary from one college to another but in general the minimum
required material will be covered in courses which total the following number of
hours. Laboratory work must be included in each of these disciplines.
Biology, 8 semester hours. Medicine is essentially a study of human biology
and is concerned with abnormalities and disease in a single species. Concepts such
as the inherent variability of all living things, including man, and their adaptability
to physical and biological factors in the environment form a basic background for
the study of medicine. Certain natural laws govern biologic phenomena and these
can be derived by scientific criteria. Therefore, the study of groups of individuals
is essential so that variation between individuals is taken into account. The
"normal" state then is not a fixed point but covers a range. Variability finds ex-
pression in genetic laws of transmission of inheritable characteristics and in de-
velopmental abnormalities of embryonic life. The principle of probability in dis-
tribution of individuals within a variable group is taught in mathematics through
statistical techniques. These biologic concepts are also taught in the social sciences.
The minimal requirement of general biology and laboratory may be sufficient
if adequate skill in techniques of dissection and use of the microscope are attained
and if the work is properly supplemented by study in related fields. Courses in
comparative anatomy, embryology and genetics illustrate additional important
principles and help to round out the student's background.
Chemistry, 16 semester hours. The study of inorganic chemistry should cover
the properties of elements in relation to their atomic structure and molecular
arrangement and the effect of physical properties of chemical compounds on dy-
namic quilibrium. A year of organic chemistry is required and should cover the
organization of elements into chemical groups or compounds which are frequently
involved in biologic reactions.
Qualitative analysis demonstrates a technique for the solution of a problem
by systematic, logical, step-by-step determination of the component parts of an
unknown compound. Similar methods of reasoning are taught in mathematical
subjects, such as algebra. Quantitative techniques are used in medicine but the
basic principle concerned is the recognition of inherent error which must be
estimated and evaluated in every human endeavor. This concept is taught in other
physical sciences as well as in the biological and behavioral sciences.
Courses which cover the elements of physical chemistry and include material
on solutions, colloids, gases, thermodynamics, equilibrium, kinetics and pH help
to round out the student's basic information.
Physics, 8 semester hours. The concept of mechanics as the action of forces
through levers and the performance of work in the exchange of forms of energy
should be understood. The range of electromagnetic radiations from infra-red
through visible light to x-rays and waves of other length should be correlated
with heat, sound and optics. The basic principles of the generation, conduction
and measurement of electrical forces should be understood.
Other courses apply the same habits of quantitative scientific thought to the
understanding of physical phenomena in the environment. Familiarity with the
use of the slide rule and calculator simplifies mathematical tasks and helps in the
application of statisical principles.
The remainder of the college work should be distributed throughout the hu-
manities and social, biological and behavioral sciences. The student should select
subjects which intellectually stimulate him, challenge him to a maximum perform-
ance and contribute to his development as a well-rounded balanced individual.
The courses may aim toward a thorough study of a single area with a general
background in many areas or may group in several related areas in the sciences or
humanities. The discriminate selection by the student of elective courses which
not only increase his store of knowledge but form attitudes basic to a professional
career will help him to adjust to society for the practice of his art.
Knowledge of basic concepts and development of useful skills in the follow-
ing arts will place the student at ease in a professional school.
Intellectual Habits. Discipline in study is essential. Efficient skill in accurate,
rapid, interpretative reading should be mastered. Methods of observations and
collection of data, evaluation, deduction and interpretation of findings are taught
in psychology, physics and other sciences. The analysis and organization of a set
of observations into its simple components and the synthesis of many fragments
of data into a working hypothesis on which a plan of action can be based is taught
in many courses. The student should keep these objectives in mind throughout his
Communication. A high degree of skill in the use of spoken and written
language should be developed accurately to extract a story, systematically to record
the facts for the use of others, and precisely to transmit instructions. These tech-
niques are taught in courses in English literature and composition. The study of
foreign languages also illustrates the exact meaning of the words and the use of
subtle differences in shading. Communication through symbols is taught in chem-
istry, physics and mathematics. Proficiency in typing increases the speed and ac-
curacy of communication and will aid the student in his professional work.
Understanding of People. Medicine deals with individuals who react to their
physical, social and cultural environment. Each person is endowed with both
physical and mental and emotional components. The inherent complement of these
factors in the individual can be measured by appropriate techniques. Functional
derangements induced by the interplay of physical and emotional factors in the
individual or by external influence from the environment can be detected by
subtle methods. Individuals are rarely isolated in society but react in the frame-
work of a family or other social group. The study of social forces which may affect
a person is taught in history, literature, economics, sociology and law. The study
of emotional factors is taught in philosophy, religion, psychology and the fine arts.
1. An acceptable score on the Medical College Admissions Test. The appli-
cant should have taken the test by the spring preceding the submission of his
2. A personal interview after preliminary screening and before final accept-
ance. The time and place of the interview will be arranged by the College with
3. Each application must be accompanied with a fee of $10.00 which is
Application forms may be obtained from the office of the Registrar, Uni-
versity of Florida. The applicant must furnish all information requested by him
and arrange to submit academic credentials. Detailed instruction will be sent
with the forms. Residency status is determined by the Registrar.
After a review of these and other data, including letters of recommendation
from preprofessional counsellors or teachers, certain applicants will be selected
by the College for interview. An opportunity to meet and talk with the wife
of a married student at the time of interview or later is welcomed by the College.
It is anticipated that some applicants will be tentatively accepted by the Medical
Selection Committee while still pursuing college work which will complete their
requirements for admission. Each tentative selection will be final if the student
satisfactorily completes his program. The Registrar will notify the student of
his final acceptance and the date for payment of a deposit.
Dates of Application. Students may apply for admission to the class entering
in the fall of 1959 after July 1, 1958. Applications should be complete by
October, 1958; later applications may be considered until the class has been filled.
Acceptance Procedure. The following standard acceptance procedures have
been approved by the member institutions of the Association of American Medical
1. No place in the freshman class shall be offered to an applicant more than
one year before the actual start of instruction for that class.
2. Following the receipt of an offer of a place in the freshman class, a
student shall be allowed at least two weeks in which to make a written
reply to the medical school.
3. Prior to January 15, this written reply may be either a declaration of
intent or a formal acceptance of the place offered. When the applicant
has declared his continued interest within the two-week period, the
Medical school agrees to hold a place for him until January 15, unless
he indicates that he has been accepted elsewhere and withdraws his ap-
plication. He may, of course, and often will, enter into formal arrange-
ments with the one medical school of his choice before January 15.
Because of the wide variation in the acceptance dates of different medical
schools, some students will wish to change their minds after filing a
declaration of intent and it is understood that nothing unethical is implied
when a student does so change his mind. In such an event, the student
is obligated to send prompt written notification to every school holding
a place for him.
4. The payment of a nonrefundable deposit shall not be required of any
applicant prior to January 15.
5. When a student files a declaration of intent, a refundable deposit-not
to exceed $100-may be required at the discretion of the school granting
the acceptance. Such deposits will be refunded without question upon
request made prior to January 15.
6. The deposit, when required to hold a place in the freshman class after
January 15, shall not exceed $100.
7. By January 15 each applicant for whom a place in the entering class is
being held must either accept the offer formally and pay any required
nonrefundable deposit or withdraw his application.
8. Following January 15, an applicant offered a place in a freshman class
must either formally accept or refuse the place, but he shall have at least
two weeks in which to decide. Deposits made after January 15 shall be
9. To assist the medical schools, the AAMC office will compile a list of the
students who have formally accepted a place in the freshman class. This
last will be distributed about February 1 and will be kept current by
CURRICULUM FOR THE DEGREE, DOCTOR OF MEDICINE
The curriculum which follows is tentative and represents the present stage
in its evolution.
First Semester Credits
MED 511-Biochemistry .............................. 8 MED
MED 501-Gross Anatomy .............................. 5 MED
MED 503-Microscopic Anatomy .......... 4 MED
MED 531-Introduction to Medicine........ 2 MED
522-Human Physiology ......
502-Gross Anatomy ...
532-Introduction to Medicine
MED 551-Microbiology ........
MED 561-General Pathology..
MED 533-Introduction to Med
................... 8 M ED
....... 7 M ED
icine..... 4 MED
Second Semester (
534-Introduction to Clinical
M ethods . ........
First Semester Credits
MED 581-Basic Clinical Clerkship ....... 10
MED 593-Introduction to Ambulant
M medicine ... ............... ....... 10
MED 567- Therapeutics ................................ 2
Second Semester Credits
MED 584-General Outpatient
Clerkship ......................................... 18
One Approved Elective ............ 4
Courses taken in rotation to balance ward loads.
First Semester Credits Second Semester Credits
MED 585-Special Ward Clerkship ...... 18 MED 586-Special Ward Clerkship 10
Medical MED 587-Preceptorship 6
Obstetrical Two approved electives ... 6
Two Approved Electives ........ 4
Grades. Students in the College of Medicine are graduate students in a pro-
gram of professional education. They are considered to be mature adults preparing
for a career requiring excellence in scholastic endeavors as well as high moral
integrity, sound judgment, intellectual curiosity and other qualities a physician
needs to practice competently.
Being a highly select group, standards and evaluations are different than
grading on the undergraduate level. First, a student it taught each subject by
more than one member of the faculty. The collective judgment of all these
teachers comprises the student's grade in each subject. In this way, no one person
may arbitrarily accept or reject a student; no one factor determines the student's
All grades for each student are sent to -ie Committee on Academic Status,
which through its collective judgment based upon the student's over-all record,
recommends continuation or exclusion of each student.
Grades are represented by the following letters:
S-indicates superior or outstanding performance by the student who has shown
excellence and is deserving of recognition for work of honors calibre.
P-indicates passing or satisfactory performance by the student.
U-indicates unsatisfactory performance by the student who has failed to pass
minimum requirements and has shown lack of understanding of the materials
Any student receiving a grade of U must repeat the course or satisfactorily
complete requirements specified by the Committee on Academic Status. Three
grades of U in one semester will automatically exclude a student from continuation
in the College of Medicine. One or two U's in one semester may be allowed only
at the discretion of the Committee on Academic Status.
One grade of U in a preceding semester disqualifies a student for a University
scholarship, election to student government office, membership in an honorary
society, student employment and other privileges. Appeals concerning grades or
decision of the Committee on Academic Status may be made through the Dean
to the Executive Committee of the Faculty of the College of Medicine. Their
decision is final.
Promotion. The Committee on Academic Status will recommend to the
Dean at the end of each semester the continuation or exclusion of each student
on the basis of over-all performance. Graduation and awards for honors work are
made upon recommendation of the Committee on Academic Status.
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE COURSE FEES
College of Medicine Students pay, in addition to the registration fees, special
course fees per semester at the time of registration as follows:
Florida Students medical courses) fee .................................$225.00
Non-Florida Students medical courses) fee.............................. 350.00
College of Medicine Acceptance Deposit. Upon receipt of a regular acceptance
of admission, a deposit of $50.00 must be made within two weeks. This deposit
will be credited toward the payment of course fees for the first semester to which
the applicant is admitted. It cannot be credited toward a subsequent admission.
It is refundable only until January 15 of the school year in which that semester
Housing Reservation. Students wishing to apply for space in University
housing facilities must forward to the Director of Housing a reservation deposit
of $10.00 at the time such application is made.
Room Rent. Rent for rooms in the residence halls varies from $49.50 to
$110.00 per student per semester. Rent for linen is $8.00 per semester. Remit-
tances for room and linen rent should be made in accordance with the directions
issued by the Director of Housing. If the student does not reside in one of the
units of the residence hall system the arrangements concerning rates and method
of payment are the responsibility of the individuals concerned.
Meals. The cost of meals throughout the University food service system varies
with the taste of the individual. Attractive, well-planned meals at reasonable prices
are served on the cafeteria plan at several locations on the campus.
Books and Supplies. Cost of these items varies with the program of the stu-
dent. It is estimated that from $50.00 to $120.00 per year will cover these items
for most students. In the first year at the College of Medicine, however, expenses
are approximately $500.00 $800.00, depending upon the type of microscope and
other instruments and equipment selected. A student may arrange to buy his
microscope and other expensive training supplies on a seven-semester payment
plan through the Dudley Beaumont loan fund. Application should be made through
the Office of the Dean of Student Personnel, 128 Administration Building.
The spacious student lounge features hi-fi and comfortable surroundings.
GRADUATE PROGRAM IN THE MEDICAL SCIENCES
Through the Graduate School of the University, a program leading to the
Ph.D. Degree in Medical Sciences is offered by the College of Medicine in the
Departments of Anatomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology and Physiology. The pro-
gram is intended to give talented individuals an opportunity to gain experience
and competence in research and teaching in the basic scientific medical disciplines.
Because the training involved is individualized to suit the needs and talents
of each student, only a relatively small number will be admitted. The prime
requisites are evidence of scholarship and of motivation rather than any certain
list of courses. The following are some of the undergraduate areas of concentra-
tion that are appropriate foundations for study in the basic medical sciences:
Biology, Chemistry, Engineering, Mathematics, and Physics. The program of
study may vary widely with the individual student. In order to remedy deficiencies
in their backgrounds, some may find it necessary to take occasional undergraduate
courses. The major field of study may be in the Department of Anatomy, Bio-
chemistry, Microbiology or Physiology. The minor field of study may be carried
out in a different department of the College of Medicine or in another, elsewhere
in the University. All students are required to pass examinations in two foreign
The completion of a satisfactory dissertation based on original research is
the most important single requirement of the Ph.D. program. Most of the work
involved in the dissertation will ordinarily be done in the last year of residency,
but candidates will be encouraged to begin their research in a preliminary or
exploratory fashion toward the end of their first year.
Graduate students have the opportunity of assisting in the teaching of medical
course work and most students are advised to do this as a valuable part of their
............. .IIII I I--II I
A unique innovation of the University of Florida's College of Medicine is
this "thinking office." Such an office is assigned to each student as he enters
the College of Medicine and serves as a storage space for microscope, books,
and other laboratory equipment. The student will collect his data in the labora-
tories and classrooms and return to this facility for study and meditation.
Wilson, James G., Head; Beaudoin, Allan R.; Ferm, Vergil H.; Gennaro,
Joseph F.; Goodman, Donald C.; Odor, D. Louise.
Putnam, Frank W., Head; Crampton, Charles F.; Fried, Melvin; Koch,
Arthur L.; Olson, James A; Phelps, Robert A.
Martin, Samuel P., Head; Harrell, George T.; Stead, William W.; Thomas,
Suter, Emanuel, Head; Ellner, Paul D.; Gifford, George; Hunter, George
Wm., III; Weinmann, Clarence J.
Edwards, Joshua L., Head; Arean, Victor M.; Crampton, Charles F.; Hood,
Pharmacology and Therapeutics-
Maren, Thomas H., Head; Anton, Aaron H.; Birzis, Lucy; Leibman, Kenneth C.
Otis, Arthur B., Head; Cassin, Sidney; Fregly, Melvin J.; Stainsby, Wendell N.,
Wright, Ernest B.
Woodward, Edward R., Head.
Courses in Medicine are organized in the following groupings:
ANATOMY BIOCHEMISTRY MEDICINE MICROBIOLOGY
MED. 501 MED. 511 MED. 581 MED. 551
MED. 502 MED. 612 MED. 583 MED. 630
MED. 503 MED. 614 MED. 584 MED. 652
MED. 504 MED. 615 MED. 585 MED. 653
MED. 605 MED. 616 MED. 586 MED. 654
MED. 606 MED. 630 MED. 587 MED. 699
MED. 630 MED. 699 MED. 799
MED. 699 MED. 799
PATHOLOGY THERAPEUTICS PHYSIOLOGY
MED. 561 MED. 560 MED. 522
MED. 562 MEO. 567 MED. 623
MED. 630 MED. 630 MED. 624
MED. 660 MED. 625
MED. 501.-Gross Anatomy.
2 hours and 8 hours laboratory. 5 credits. Offered 1. The macroscopic structure
and mechanics of the human body are taught primarily in the dissecting lab-
oratory but supplemented with demonstrations, conferences and lectures as
needed. Applied and correlative aspects are emphasized.
MED. 502.-Gross Anatomy.
2 hours and 8 hours laboratory. 5 credits. Offered 2. A continuation of MED.
MED. 503.-Microscopic Anatomy.
2 hours and 6 hours laboratory. 4 credits. Offered 1. The microscopic structure
of the cells, tissues and organs of the human body, exclusive of the central ner-
vous system and organs of special sense are taught. The correlation of structure
and function is strongly emphasized. Fresh tissues are used when profitable and
each student is issued a loan collection of prepared slides. The more recent ad-
vances in knowledge of cellular structure, acquired by the use of the electron
microscope and of other instruments, will be included.
2 hours and 6 hours laboratory. 4 credits. Prerequisite: MED. 503. Offered 2.
The gross and microscopic structure of the human central nervous system and
organs of special sense are taught. Functional and applied aspects are empha-
sized. Electron microscopy of nerve tissue will be included.
6 hours lecture and discussion, and 10 hours laboratory. 8 credits. Prerequisites:
Chemistry (including qualitative analysis); one year of organic chemistry with
laboratory. A course in analytical chemistry is also advised. Open to graduate
students. Offered 1. The chemistry, metabolism and regulation of body consti-
tuents are taught. The student is introduced to: (1) proteins, carbohydrates,
and lipids and to the physical chemistry of body processes; (2) enzymes, prob-
lems of energy transfer, intermediary metabolism of dietary and cell constituents,
and endocrine action; (3) concepts of acid-base balance and physiological chem-
istry as reflected in health and disease.
MED. 522.-Human Physiology.
4 hours and 12 hours laboratory. 8 credits. Offered 2. Principles of physiology
as applied to the human are taught. Mechanisms, regulations, and integration
involved in the functioning of the various tissues and organ systems of the body
MED. 531.-Introduction to Medicine.
3 hours lecture and conference. 2 credits. Offered 1. The principles for variabil-
ity and adaptability as applied to man are presented. This includes introductory
application of statistics. Genetic and embryological basis for variability are pre-
sented. Taught by staff of Medicine, Zoology and Statistical Laboratory.
The statement "Offered 1" means offered first semester; 2, second semester; 3, summer session.
MED. 532.-Introduction to Medicine.
3 hours lecture and conference. 2 credits. Offered 2. Cellular tissue, somatic,
psychic and social growth and development are presented and correlated. Factors
leading to variability are stressed. Taught by staff of Medicine, Education and
the Florida Center of Clinical Services.
MED. 533.-Introduction to Clinical Medicine.
6 hours lecture and laboratory. 4 credits. Offered 1. The student is introduced
to the case method in medicine, including exercises in interviewing techniques,
the dynamics of interpersonal relationships of the physician, and adjustive tech-
niques of the patient.
MED. 534.-Introduction to Clinical Methods.
6 hours and 12 hours laboratory. 6 credits. Prerequisite: satisfactory completion
of first three semesters of medical school. Offered 2. Physical diagnosis, path-
ogenesis of symptoms, correlation of basic sciences, laboratory medicine, in-
cluding clinical microscopy and diagnostic bacteriology, are studied. Taught by
staff of Medicine, Microbiology, Pathology and Surgery.
4 hours and 12 hours laboratory. 8 credits. Prerequisite: MED. 503 and MED.
511. Offered 1. Bacterial physiology, parasitology, virology and basic aspects of
host-parasite relations are introduced. Pathogenesis of infectious diseases and
of mechanisms involved will be discussed with emphasis on infections in man.
4 hours and 4 hours laboratory. 6 credits. Prerequisite: satisfactory completion
of the first three semesters of medical school, except by special permission. Of-
fered 1. The effects of drugs (chemicals) on living systems are studied. Chief
emphasis is laid on those drugs used in the treatment of disease; biochemical
and physiological principles underlying their use are stressed as a background
for their later application in clinical medicine.
MED. 561.-General Pathology.
3 hours and 12 hours laboratory. 7 credits. Prerequisites: MED. 503, MED.
511, MED. 522 or equivalent. Offered 1. The fundamental mechanisms of
pathogenesis, through the full range of human diseases are studied. Laboratory
exercises, demonstrations and seminars are correlated with each other and a
concurrent series of lectures. Active participation in a number of complete hu-
man autopsy studies is required.
MED. 562.-Systemic Pathology.
3 hours and 12 hours laboratory. 4 credits. Prerequisites: MED. 501-502-503,
MED. 511, MED. 522, MED. 551, MED. 561. Offered 2. The pathological
changes involved in human disease processes and their relationship to the clini-
cal course of disease are surveyed by systems.
2 hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: MED. 560. Offered 1. This is a continuation
of MED. 560 in which particular emphasis is placed on the basis of drug action
in pathological situations.
MED. 570.-Experimental Medicine.
3 hours and 6 hours laboratory. 5 credits. Prerequisite: MED. 551, 560 and
561. Offered 2. The experimental method in basic problems of medical science
is introduced. Original projects submitted by students or participating depart-
ments will be carried out. Taught by staff of Anatomy, Biochemistry, Medicine,
Microbiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Physiology and Surgery.
MED. 581.-Basic Clinical Clerkship.
8 hours and 25 hours clinic. 10 credits. Prerequisite: MED. 534. Common
modalities of patient care in all fields of medicine are introduced. All wards of
the Teaching Hospital will be used.
MED. 583.-Introduction to Ambulant Medicine.
8 hours and 25 hours clinic. 10 credits. Prerequisite: MED. 534. Offered 1.
Patient care in the general clinic and ambulant ward is begun under intense
supervision of the clinical staff. The role of environmental and preventable
factors in disease will be stressed. The student will be taught the importance
of community facilities in the care of patients. All clinical departments will
MED. 584.-General Outpatient Clerkship.
8 hours and 25 hours clinic. 18 credits. Prerequisite: MED. 581. Offered 1, 2,
3. Patient care in the general clinic under the tutorage of the clinical staff is
continued. The student will follow his patients with the staff in the Health
Center for the period of time necessary to handle the patients' problems. All
resources of the University will be used.
MED. 585.-Special Ward Clerkship.
8 hours and 25 hours clinic. 18 credits. Prerequisite: MED. 584. Offered 1, 2,
3. Patient care on medical, surgical, pediatric, obstetric and psychiatric services
is studied. The student works with patients, attends teaching rounds, confer-
ences, and clinics.
MED. 586.-Special Ward Clerkship.
8 hours and 25 hours clinic. 10 credits. The second half of MED. 585.
Fulltime for 6 weeks. 6 credits. Prerequisite: MED. 584. Offered 1, 2, 3. The
student will work with a carefully selected practicing physician in a local com-
munity in the state observing problems of medical care and the application of
principles to the practice of medicine.
Though no graduate major may be completed without adequate course work on the
600 or higher level, certain 500-level courses in the College of Medicine are avail-
able for graduate credit as a part of a candidate's major. These are: MED. 501-
Gross Anatomy; MED. 502-Gross Anatomy; MED. 503-Microscopic Anatomy;
MED. 504-Neuroanatomy; MED. 511-Biochemistry; MED. 522-Human Phys-
iology; MED. 551-Microbiology; and MED. 560-Pharmacology.
The statement "Offered 1" means offered first semester; 2, second semester; 3, summer session.
MED. 605.-Research Methods in Anatomy.
1 to 3 credits per semester. Prerequisite: MED. 501, MED. 503. Offered 1, 2,
3. The student acquires proficiency in one or more of the research techniques
used in histochemistry, radiation biology, experimental embryology, teratology,
experimental neurology or electron microscopy under direct supervision of an
experienced staff member.
MED. 606.-Anatomy Seminar.
1 hour. 1 credit per semester. Required of graduate students in anatomy; open
to others by special arrangement. Offered 1, 2. Research reports and discussions
of current research literature are given by the departmental staff and graduate
MED. 612.-Physical Biochemistry.
3 hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: MED. 511 or equivalent credits in biochemis-
try; physical chemistry (may be taken concurrently with permission). Offered
2 (1957 and alternate years). The physical chemistry and molecular structure
of proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and low molecular weight metabolites are
studied. Biochemical methods, isotopic tracer techniques, biological kinetics and
thermodynamics, ion interactions, absorption and active transport are covered.
MED. 614.-Advanced Intermediary Metabolism.
3 hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: MED. 511 or equivalent in biochemistry. Of-
fered 2 (1958 and alternate years). The current and comparative aspects of
intermediary metabolism of nitrogen, carbohydrate and fat are covered. Bio-
organic mechanisms of enzyme action, the endocrines, metabolic balance and
disease are included.
MED. 615.-Research Methods in Biochemistry.
12 laboratory hours. 2 to 4 credits per semester. Prerequisite: MED. 511 or by
special arrangement. Offered 1, 2, 3. An introduction to biochemical research
in which the student acquires proficiency in one or more of the research tech-
niques used in physical biochemistry, intermediary metabolism, radio-isotopes,
etc., under the direct supervision of one or more experienced staff members.
MED. 616.-Biochemistry Seminar.
1 hour. 1 credit per semester. Required of graduate students in Biochemistry;
open to others by special arrangement. Offered 1, 2. Research reports and dis-
cussions of current research literature are given by the departmental staff, in-
vited speakers and graduate students.
MED. 623.-Nerve-Muscle Physiology.
2 hours (plus some laboratory time). 2 credits. Offered 1 (1957 and alternate
years). Bioelectrical phenomena in nerve and muscle, including experimental
and theoretical analysis of nerve and muscle impulses are studied. Comparative
physiology of nerve and muscle, study of muscle mechanics and the chemistry
of muscle contraction are included.
The statement "Offered 1" means offered first semester; 2, second semester; 3, summer session.
MED. 624.-Respiration and Circulation.
2 hours. 2 credits. Offered 2 (1958 and alternate years). Special and current
topics in respiratory and circulatory physiology are covered in seminars.
MED. 625.-Body Temperature Regulation.
2 hours. 2 credits. Offered 1 (1958 and alternate years). The comparative phys-
iology of temperature regulation, hibernation, heat exchange in mammals,
neural and endocrine aspects of temperature regulation, hypo- and hyperthermia,
adaptation to heat and cold, and limits of tolerance to heat and cold will be
covered in seminars. Some laboratory work will be involved.
MED. 626.-Recent Advances in Physiology.
2 hours. 2 credits. Offered 2. The detailed content of this seminar course will
vary from year to year, but will cover recent advances in selected areas of phys-
MED. 627.-Research Methods in Physiology.
0 to 4 credits. Offered 1, 2, 3. The special needs of each individual student will
be met by conferences and laboratory work.
MED. 628.-Seminar in Physiology.
1 hour. 1 credit. Offered 1, 2.
MED. 630.-Research in Medical Sciences: Anatomy, Biochemistry,
Microbiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Physiology
0 to 6 credits. Offered 1, 2, 3. Graduate students can obtain credit toward a
degree for project research in any department listed. This work will supple-
ment thesis research in the major department.
MED. 652.-Advanced Virology.
2 hours and 6 hours laboratory. 4 credits. Offered 2. Selected topics on modern
concepts of the nature of viruses and the mechanism of viral infections, chosen
from the field of animal, bacterial and plant viruses, will be discussed.
MED. 653.-Mechanisms of Infection and Resistance.
2 hours and 6 hours laboratory. 4 credits. Offered 2. Selected topics on ad-
vanced bacteriology, immunochemistry and experimental pathology will be cov-
ered through readings, laboratory work and conferences.
MED. 654.-Microbiology Seminar.
1 hour. 1 credit. Offered 1. Reading assignments on selected topics in micro-
biology, including bacterial physiology, immunology, virology and mycology,
will be discussed. Original research work will be presented.
MED. 670.-Topics in Pharmacology.
0 to 3 credits. Seminars and informal conferences will be held, with a particular
view toward the use of drugs in biochemical, physiological investigations.
The statement "Offered 1" means offered first semester; 2, second semester; 3, summer session.
MED. 699.-Research and Master's Thesis.
Anatomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Physiology.
0 to 6 credits. Offered 1, 2, 3.
MED. 799.-Research and Doctoral Dissertation.
Anatomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Physiology.
1 to 12 credits. Offered 1, 2, 3.
An aerial of the J. Hillis Miller Health Center. The small buildings in the
foreground are the rapidly rising apartments for married students.
The statement "Offered 1" means offered first semester; 2, second semester; 3, summer session.