GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA L,
Part A---General Information
Gainesville is in Central Florida, 72 miles southwest of Jackson-
ville, 37 miles northwest of Ocala and 42 miles west of Palatka.
It is near Newnan's Lake. The elevation is approximately 168 feet
Local bus service: Local bus service is available in Gainesville.
Highway: U. S. Highway 441 and Florida Highways 20,24 and 26
Rail: Passenger service is provided by the Atlantic Coast Line.
Seaboard Air Line Railroad has passenger service from Waldo, 12
Intercity bus service: Florida Greyhound Lines and National Trail-
ways provide bus service
Air: Air service is provided by Florida Airways.
Charter flight operators: Stengel Flying Service, Stengel Field,
and James Lipscomb, Alison Field (municipal), operate charter
Boat lines: Gainesville is not a port.
1948 Estimate 1945 Census 1940 Census
Total county 42,000 38,245 38,607
Total city 18,000* 15,081 13,757
*City limits not enlarged since 1907. Present population of built-
up area is 24,000
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau records for a 44 year period.)
Normal Normal Normal Normal
Temperature Rainfall Temperature Rainfall
January 57.1 3.16 July 81.2 7.34
February 58.5 2.92 August 81.1 6.50
March 64.4 3.35 September 79.0 5.37
April 69.1 2 40 October 72.0 2.84
May 75.6 3.15 November 63.2 1.82
June 79.8 6.84 December 57.3 3.21
Annual 69.9 48.90
The land upon which the city of Gainesville lies is part of a grant
of 289,645 acres from the King of Spain to Don Fernando de la Maza
Arredondo and Son, merchants of Havana, Cuba. The Arredondo Grant,
dated December 22, 1817, takes as the center point a place called
"Alachua", inhabited by Seminole Indians. Only two conditions were
placed upon the grantees: (1) that the land be abandoned by the
Indians; and (2) that the same be settled within three years by
200 families. On February 22, 1819, this became a part of the
United States by treaty with Spain.
5. History (Cont)
On September 6, 1854, County Commissioners of Alachua County pro-
vided for the platting and founding of a county seat to be named
Gainesville. No reason was given for the selection of the name,
but it is understood that the town was named in honor of General
Gaines, a Revolutionary War hero.
In 1866 the East Florida Seminary, one of the two state schools
was moved to Gainesville from Ocala. This Seminary was merged
with the University of Florida when that institution opened its
doors in September, 1906. The University was founded in accordance
with the Buckman Act of the 1905 Legislature which abolished
several small state-supported schools and established the institu-
tions of higher learning in Gainesville and Tallahassee.
Gainesville was incorporated in 1869. In 1907 the city limits
were extended to the present boundaries.
The present city charter which adopted the Commission-Manager form
of government was granted in 1927.
6. Major Sources of Income
Gainesville is an excellent general farming and stock raising area.
It is the oldest and largest live stock auction market and has
sales every Monday and Friday. Manufacturing plants are based on
lumber products. This /city benefits from payrolls of more than
25 state and federal government agencies located here. The
University of Florida is the largest employer in Gainesville and
its student body is an important supplement to the local retail
Daily: Gainesville Daily Sun, circulation 7,088. No Saturday
8. Radio Stations
Call Letters Frequency Watts Network
WRUF 850 5000 Mutual
WGGG 1230 250 ----
9. Private Schools and Colleges
Central Florida Business College, (co-educational), day and night
Tebeau Nursery School day, ages 2- to 5 years.
Nurses Training School, women boarding, run in collection with
Alachua County Hospital.
University of Florida, U. S. Land Grant and State support. Co-
educational. All branches except medicine and dentistry.
Graduate school for masters and doctorate degrees.
Part B---Recreation and Entertainment
1. Special Events
Annual Horse Show, October each year.
University of Florida Homecoming celebration and football game,
October each year.
2. Athletic Events
Annual Open Golf Tournament in March.
Baseball spring training for Atlanta Crackers in April.
All college athletic events in season.
Baseball, Florida State League games (Class D League).
3. Commercial Attractions
SGlen Springs, pool and park, open all summer, and Magnesia Springs
4 Tourist Clubs
5 Recreational Clubs
Gainesville Golf and Country Club, Alachua County Riding Horse
Association, Gainesville Trapshooting Club, Gainesville Boating
Club, and Gainesville Sportsmen's Club.
6. Civic Organizations
Junior Chamber of
Twentieth Century Club
30 Garden Club Circles
Day & Time of Meeting
Friday Noon (2nd & 4th)
Place of Meeting
129 N. Pleasant
White House Hotel
7. Fraternal Organizations
Day & Time of Meeting
Elks Friday 8 p.m.
Knights of Pythias
Woodmen of the World
United Commercial Travelers
Place of Meeting
1001 W. University
315 W. Main N.
8 Organized Entertainment
Civic Music Association concerts, University of Florida Lyceum
concerts, Little Theatre, Florida Players, guest lecturers, all
college sports in season. Organized recreation at Civic Recrea-
tion Center daily
9. Recreational Facilities
Public parks with benches; recreation center building with shuffle-
board courts and other facilities; privately-owned 18-hole golf
course, open all year. Gainesville has two commercial swimming
pools open in summer.
Dove, quail, turkey are found in this area. Hunting lodges and
guides are not available.
A variety of fresh water fish are caught in Orange Lake Lochloosa,
Ocklawaha River (40 miles) and Wacasassa River (30 miles) Accom-
modations are available at Cross Creek Fishing Camp RFD, Hawthorne
Florida, and North End Fishing Camp!, Orange Lake, Florida. There
are no fishing guides or c arter fishing boats available.
Gainesville has 24 churches (18 denominations) and six student
Name Rooms Double Single Plan
Hotel Thomas 100 5-110 13-$6 European
Hotel White House 75 5- 7 2.50 up European
Hotel Plaza 30 $5- 7 2.50 up European
(Dining rooms operated by Hotels Thomas and White House.)
2. Tourist Courts
Hil Top Motor Court, U. S. 441, two miles north of Gainesville.
Florida Motor Court, U. S. 441, two miles south of Gainesville.
3. Trailer Courts
Gainesville Court, west Masonic Street, Gainesville (eight blocks
from Court House).
Ideal Tourist Camp, two miles north of Gainesville on Florida 24.
4. Other Accommodations
Further information on guest homes, apartments and houses can be
obtained from the Chamber of Commerce.
5. Specialized Eating Places
Name Address Speciality
Humpty Dumpty North Ninth Chicken
Louis' North Ninth Seafood, chicken
Mac's Drive-In East University Chicken
Spanish Restaurant West University Spanish meals
Sorrento's North Alabama Italian spaghetti
Further information on Gainesville can be obtained from:
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
P. O. Box 12