Group Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Title: [Inventory of industrial advantages
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 Material Information
Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 39 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Advertising Commission
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1948-1949?]
General Note: Issued separately for Florida cities in cooperation with local chambers of commerce and varied agencies.
General Note: In loose-leaf binders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075576
Volume ID: VID00213
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001689269
notis - AJA1305

Full Text



Lake County

Table of Contents


Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography
2. Climate
3. Local Raw Materials

Part B--General Economy

1. Population
2. Labor
3. Retail Market
4. Manufacturing Industries
5. General Remarks on Economy

Part C---Government

1. Administration
2. Finances

Part D---Community Facilities

Available Data
Transportation Facilities
Sewage and Waste Disposal
Water Supply
Communications Facilities
Educational Facilities
Health Facilities
Recreational Facilities
Police Protection
Fire Protection
Banking Facilities
Construction and Service Facilities
Retail Facilities
Wholesale Facilities
Housing Conditions
Hotels and Restaurants
Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Civic Organizations
Fraternal Organizations
Prepared By:

Tavares, Florida


Tallahassee, Florida

Aug ./49




Part A--Natural Resources

1. Geography

Location: Tavares is in Central Florida, 31 miles northwest of Orlando and
60 miles southwest of Daytona Beach.

Chief topographical features: Flat. Elevation, 77.493 feet.

2. Climate

(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Eustis, Florida.)

Annual January April July October

Normal temperature 71.8 59.7 71.1 82.4 73.5
Normal rainfall 47.57 2.54 2.49 7.24 3.54

Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 7; usual
date of first killing frost in fall, December 18; average length of growing
season, 314 days.

3. Local Raw Materials

Timber: Very little timber is available in commercial quantities, but some
gum and cypress are found in this section. No local mills are cutting timber.

Sand: Tavares Sand Company operates a sand pit about one mile from town.
Diatomite and kaolin are possibly available in commercial quantities. Sand and
clay are produced one mile from town and peat one-half mile from town.

Agricultural products: Citrus fruits, watermelons and truck crops are the
principal local agricultural products.

Other: Ferns and other nursery items are grown commercially in this section.

Part B--General Economy

1. PoDulation

Est. 1949* 1940 1935 1930

County total 30,000 27,946 27,255 28,062 23,161
City total 1,800 1,128 1,119 1,123 1,090
Negroes in county 7,483 7,602 7,958 6,442
Negroes in city 223 -- 186

"Estimate by Tavares Chamber of Commerce.

Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.

2. Labor

Unions: No unions have been established in local industries.

Female employment: Approximately 40% of total employment is female. No women
are employed in manufacturing industries.

Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 75Q; unskilled female, 650; skilled
male, $1 to $1.75; skilled female, 750. There is no differential in the wages
of white and Negro workers of equal skill.

3. Retail Market

General: Tavares is the retail trade center for Howey, Lake Jem, Ferndale and



3. Retail Market (Cont.)

1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $3,476.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $19,994,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $5,601,000.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $1,277,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $718,000.*

*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduction
not licensed.

4. Manufacturing Industries

Principal manufacturing industries: Orange Blossom Trail Candies, Inc., candy;
Tavares Block Company, cement blocks; Lake Region Fertilizer Company, fertilizer,

5. General Remarks on Economy

Local economy and wealth is governed by prevailing prices of citrus fruit and
other agricultural products. tMnufacturing industries are needed to balance

Part C---Government

1. Administration

Type: Mayor-Council.

Officials: Mayor, E. I. Burleigh; City Attorney, Roy Hamlin.

Special departments: City has an active electrical inspector, plumbing inspec-
tor, city engineer, park and recreation board, zoning board and street depart-

Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect.

2. Finances

Current city tax rate: Operations, 12 mills; debt service, 10 mills.

Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 10 mills; debt service,
9 mills.

City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value.

Total assessed value of real property in city: $1,286,206.

City utility tax: 10%

Other major city taxes: None.

1947 county tax rate: Operations, 14.65 mills; debt service, .6 mills.

Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 13.5 mills; debt
service, .5 mills.

Special district: All property within city is subject to special district
taxes that average 23 mills.

Bonded debt: City, $210,000; county, 0.

Other long-term obligations: City,$39,000 (water department); county, court
house bonds, $200,000.



Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data

Maps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sower and tax district maps are
available at city offices.

2. Transportation Facilities

Railroad: Seaboard Air Line branch line connects with north-south main line at
Wildwood. Atlantic Coast Line branch line connects with north-south main lines
at Sanford and at Croom. Tavares and Gulf Railroad main line provides service
to Ellsworth Junction, Waite's Junction, Clermont and Ocoee. The Atlantic
Coast Line and Seaboard Air Line have both freight and passenger service. The
Tavares and Gulf has only freight service. Pick-up and delivery for less than
carload freight is not available.

Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Direct
Air express service is not available. Pick-up and delivery of express is not

Highway: U. S. Highway 441 and Florida Highway 19 pass through Tavares.

Local bus service: None. Taxi service is available.

Intercity bus service: Greyhound Lines operates eight buses daily through

Intercity trucking facilities: Central Truck Lines serves Florida, with con-
nections to other states. Jacksonville, Tampa, Miami, Atlanta, Mobile and
Birmingham are among the principal cities that can be reached by an overnight
truck haul.

Air: Tavaros does not have an airport. However, Leesburg Municipal Airport,
three miles away, has two 5,000-foot paved runways. Florida Airways provides
scheduled commercial air transportation from Loesburg. Charter cross-country
flights are available at Howey, eight miles away.

3. Power

General: Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating and dis-
tribution systems. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's

4. Fuel

Coal: Coal is not used in this section.

Gas: Neither artificial nor natural gas is available in Tavares.

Bottled gas: Green's Fuel distributes butane rated at 2,500 B.t.u. per cubic
foot. Delivered cost is 300 per gallon.

Other: Number 1 and Number 2 fuel oils are available from two local distribu-

5. Sowage and Waste Disposal

Sewage: Only storm sewers are installed.

Industrial waste disposal: No local industries have a major waste disposal
problem. The city has no ordinance on industrial waste disposal.

Garbage: Garbage is collected twice weekly.



6. Water Supply

Operator: City.

Source: Deep wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.

Treatment: None.

SChemical analysis: Chemical analysis is not available. Monthly samples are
tested and approved.

7. Communications Facilities

Telephone service: Florida Telephone Corporation operates a manual exchange
in Tavares. The company's toll center here serves six communities in this
area. Work is nearly completed on a large plant expansion.

Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on
week-days and Sundays.

8. Educational Facilities

Elementary Junior High High


Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 250 125 76


Number of schools 1 -
Present enrollment 65* -

I Through eighth grade. Negro high school students are provided transportation
to the high school in Eustis.

Vocational training for white students: Vocational training is available.

Vocational training for Negro students: Available in Eustis.

Libraries: High School Library.

9. Health Facilities

City health department: Staff of one health inspector.

County health department: Staff of two doctors and four nurses. Operates a
general clinic at Tavares.

Hospitals: None.

10. Recreational Facilities

Public parks: City park has tennis courts, shuffleboard courts, croquet, swings,
and rides. A now public park is under construction on the lake front and should
be completed during 1949. The park is a gift to the city by Tavares residents.

SAthletic fields: High school athletic field has rides, swings and completely
equipped gymnasium. Baseball field was being equipped with lights for night
baseball at the time of this survey.

Other: A new $35,000 theater opened in 1948.



11. Police Protection

City: Force consists of two policemen. City has one patrol car and one motor-
cycle, without radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are
maintained at night.

County: Sheriff's office is located in Tavares. Three deputies, with three
radio-equipped patrol cars, provide protection outside the city. The Florida
Highway Patrol has a patrolman stationed in Tavares. County jail is approved
for quartering Federal prisoners. The jail is also equipped with radio.

12. Fire Protection

City: Force consists of 17 volunteer firemen. City has two engines and one

Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 8.

County: City fire department answers calls outside city limits.

13. Banking Facilities

Bank of Tavares, total resources, $2,113,223, as of July 1949.

14. Construction and Service Facilities

Type and number: General contractors, 5; architects, 1; land surveyors, 2;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0; automotive
repair facilities, 5; consulting engineers, 0.

15. Retail Facilities

Type and number: Dry gcods stores, 2; department stores, 1; grocery stores, 6;
drug stores, 1; hardware stores, 1; gift shops, 1; shoe repair shops, 1;
electrical shops, 2; variety stores, 1; plumbing shop, 1; taxidermist, 1; farm
stores, 1; beauty shops, 1; dress shops, 1; citrus packing house, 1; other, 8.

Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.

Vacant stores: There are no vacant stores in the business section.

16. Wholesale Facilities

General: Tavares is not a wholesale distribution center. No special markets
are operated for the wholesale distribution of local crops. Commercial cold
storage and commercial freezing facilities are available 10 miles from Tavares.
Public warehousing facilities are not available.

17. Housing Conditions

General: Very few houses are available for rent at present. A few tourist
cottages are available and some apartments are for rent.

18. Hotels and Restaurants

Hotels: Number 1; rooms, 20.

Restaurants: Tavares has five white restaurants, including drive-in's, with
seating capacity of 100, and three Negro restaurants, with seating capacity of

19. Newspapers

Weekly: Lake County Citizen, circulation, 2,000.



20. Laundries and Dry Cleaners

Commercial laundries: Number, 2.

Self-service laundry: Number, 1.

Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 2.

21. Civic Organizations

Organization and name of president: Kiwanis, Jennings Rou; Chamber of Commerce,
Mrs. C. B. Treadway; Woman's Club, Mrs. L. M. Hines.

22. Churches

Denominations: Baptist, Church of God, Congregational, Methodist.

23. Fraternal Organizations

Masons and Eastern Star.

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