Group Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Title: [Inventory of industrial advantages
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 Material Information
Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 39 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Advertising Commission
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1948-1949?]
General Note: Issued separately for Florida cities in cooperation with local chambers of commerce and varied agencies.
General Note: In loose-leaf binders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075576
Volume ID: VID00170
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001689269
notis - AJA1305

Full Text



Bay County

Table of Contents

Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Material 2

Part B---General Economy

1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 3
4. Manufacturing Industires 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3

Part C---Government

1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3

Part D---Cornunity Facilities

S1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 5
6. Water Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 6
10. Recreational Facilities 6
11. Police Protection 6
12. Fire Protection 6
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities .6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 6
16. Retail Facilities 7
17. Wholesale Facilities 7
18. Housing Conditions 7
19. Hotels and Restaurants 7
20. Newspapers 7
21. Radio Stations 7
22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 7
23. Civic Organizations 7
24. Churches 7

Prepared by:

Panama City, Florida

Gulf Power Company
Pensacola, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida



Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography

Location: Panama City is in West Florida, 103 miles southeast of Pensacola,
98 miles southwest of Tallahassee and 98 miles south of Dothan, Alabama.

Chief topographical features: Flat; on Saint Andrews Bay and near the Gulf
of Mexico. Elevation, 14 feet.

2. Climate

(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Panama City for a 44-year

Annual January April July October

Normal temperature 68.4 53.6 67.2 81.8 70.4
Normal rainfall 58.42 4.07 3.36 6.99 4.04

Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, March 3; usual
date of first killing frost in fall, November 30; average length of growing
season, 267 days.

3. Local Raw Materials

Timber: Slash pine is available at the city limits and throughout the
county. Gum, magnolia, bay, longleaf pine and pine stumps are available 3 to
45 miles from town. Panama City Lumber Company is the principal sawmill

Minerals: Sand aggregate is available two miles from town. Callaway Sand
Company is the principal producer. Large quantities of peat are available
around the outskirts of town but deposits are not being worked. Lime rock
was formerly produced about 40 to 60 miles from town.

Agricultural products: Peanuts, corn, cotton, vegetables and cattle.

Other: The Gulf Coast section from Pensacola to Saint Marks is a major com-
mercial fishing section. In 1948, 3,909,065 pounds of food fish and 154,380
pounds of non-food fish were landed commercially in Bay County.

Part B---General Economy

1. Population

1948* 1945 1940 1935 1930

County total 47,000 43,188 20,686 16,828 12,091
City total 28,016 23,914 11,610 8,701 5,402
Negroes in county -- 6,701 4,220 3,261 3,087
Negroes in city --- 4,591 --- 1,730

*Estimate by Panama City Chamber of Commerce.

Predominate nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.

2. Labor

Unions: Employees of International Paper Company and Gulf Power Company are
members of A. F. of L. unions. Employees of Southern Bell Telephone and
Telegraph Company are members of an independent union. Most construction
workers are union members.

Female employment: Approximately 6% of the total employment is female. About
200 women are employed in manufacturing industries.


2. Labor (cont.)

Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 750; unskilled female, 450; skilled
male, $1.45; skilled female, 750; There is no differential in the wages of
white and Negro workers of equal skills.

General: During the war, the J. A. Jones Construction Company shipyard in
Panama City employed over 16,000 workers. There was no labor trouble and the
cost per ship was well below the national average. Nearly all of the shipyard
workers came from within a radius of 80 miles of Panama City and were native-born.

3. Retail Market

General: Panama City is the retail trade center for Bay, Gulf, Calhoun,
Franklin, Washington, and parts of Walton and Jackson counties.

1947 Effective Buying Income per family in city, $4,292; in county, $3,077.*
1947 Estimated total retail sales in city, $30,293,000; in county, $35,732,000.*
1947 Estimated retail food stores sales in city, $6,139,000; in county,
1947 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in city, withheld to avoid
disclosure of individual business; in county, $4,356,000.*

1947 Estimated retail drug store sales in city, $1,647,000; in county,

*Copyright 1948, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduction
not licensed.

4. Manufacturing Industries

General: Total number of manufacturing establishments, 29; total number employed
at all manufacturing plants, 1,600.

Principal manufacturing plants: International Paper Company, kraft box board;
Alatex Manufacturing Company, men's shirts; Arizona Chemical Company, basic
chemicals; J. R. Asbell Company, Inc., concrete blocks; Brewton Engineering
Company, cement drainage pipe and cement blocks.

5. General Remarks on Economy

Panama City is the county seat of Bay County. Its beaches draw a number of
summer vacationists to the area. An Army Air F6rces tactical school, and a
Navy mine counter-measure school are at Panama City.

Part C---Government

1. Administration

Type: Commission-Manager.

Officials: Mayor, Carl R. Gray; City Manager, John Daniels; City Attorney,
Charles Isler.

Special departments: The city has an active building, electrical and plumbing
inspector, city engineer, park and recreation board, zoning board and street

Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance.

2. Finances

Current city tax rate: Operations, 0; debt service, 7 mills.

Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 0; debt service, 7

City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value.

Total assessed value of real property in city: $18,000,000.



2. Finances (cont.)

City license tax on manufacturing plant: $15.

City utility tax: 10% of electric, gas and telephone bills (maximum, $5 per

Other major city taxes: Theater and cigarette taxes.

Current county tax rate: Operations, 30 mills; debt service, 3 mills.

Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 30 mills, debt
service, 3 mills.

Bonded debt: City, $1,800,000.

Other long-term obligations: City, 0; county, 0.

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data

Maps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sewer, power distribution system
and zoning maps are available.

2. Transportation Facilities

Railroad: Panama City is the southern terminus of the Atlanta and Saint
Andrews Bay Railway, a short-line road, with two passenger and two freight
trains daily. Pick-up and delivery service is available for less than carload

Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Direct
air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery of express is

Highway: U. S. Highways 98 and 231 and Florida Highways 22 and 27 pass through
Panama City.

Local bus service: Local bus service is provided by 30 buses.

Intercity bus service:

Company Number of buses daily

Modern Coach Corporation-Trailways 20 in, 20 out
Southeastern Greyhound 6 in, 6 out
Coastal Stages 2 in, 2 out

Intercity trucking facilities: M & L Trucking Company, Tallahassee to Pensacola;
Maxwell Truck Lines, Panama City to Birmingham; Bay Line Trucking Company,
Columbus, Georgia, to Panama City. Atlanta, Birmingham, Nashville, New Orleans,
Jacksonville, and Tampaare among the principal cities that can be reached by
an overnight truck haul.

Air: Panama City has a class 3 airport and is served by National Airlines on
its route between Jacksonville and New Orleans, with connections to all points.

3. Power

General: Gulf Power Company owns and operates the distribution system. Copies
of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's office.

4. Fuel

Gas: West Florida Gas Company distributes artificial gas.

Bottled gas: Southern Liquid Gas Company distributes propane.



4. Fuel (cont.)

Other: All major oil companies distribute fuel oils in Panama City. Fuel
oil barges from the Louisiana and Texas refineries are unloaded at Panama

5. Sewage and Waste Disposal

Sewage: Storm sewers are installed. Sanitary sewers ard installed in the
business and industrial area and in some residential sections. Primary
sedimentation is the only sewage treatment used at present. Present daily
capacity is 500,000 gallons. A $2,500,000 program to extend the system and
construct a treatment plant is proposed. Treatment capacity of the new
system will be 2,000,000 gallons per day.

Industrial wastes: Waste from the International Paper Company mill is emptied
into the bay. Other waste is burned and buried by a city disposal unit.

Garbage: Garbage is collected daily.

6. Water Supply

Source: Wells. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.

Treatment: Chlorinated and filtered.

Consumption: 2,000,000 gallons per day.

Pumping capacity: 5,000,000 gallons per day.

Rate: The rate for consumers using over 200,000 gallons per month is 150 per
1,000 gallons, with a minimum charge of $30 per month.

Chemical analysis:


Hydrixide 0.
Carbonate 0.
Bicarbonate 197.
Sulphate 32.
Silica 11.
Iron 2.
Calcium 38.
Magnesium 2.
Sodium 59.
Carbon dioxide 4.

7. Communications Facilities

Telephone service: Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company operates a
manual exchange serving 5,756 company-owned stations.

Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 7 a.m. to midnight on
weekdays and on Sundays and holidays.

8. Educational Facilities

Elementary High


Number of schools 5. 1
Present enrollment 2,558 1,026
Present capacity 3,300 900

Number of schools 3 1
Present enrollment 695 365
Present capacity 700 375

I -



8. Educational Facilities (cont.)

Vocational training for white students: General vocational training, princi-
pally woodwork, metal work and commercial subjects.

Vocational training for Negro students: None.

S Libraries: Bay County Public Library, 5,700 volumes.

9. Health Facilities

City health department: Staff of one doctor and three nurses. Operates pre-
natal, venereal disease and communicable disease clinics.

County health department: Combined with city health department.

Hospitals: Panama City Hospital, 34 beds, general; Lisenby Hospital 35 beds,
general; Fraser Clinic, nine beds, general; Roberts Clinic, three beds, A new
$450,000, 60-bed hospital will open June 1, 1949.

10. Recreational Facilities

Public parks: Several plots of ground are owned by the city and are designated
as parks, but have not been developed.

Athletic fields: Baseball, softball and football fields are available.

Other: Gymnasium, tennis courts, golf course and Gulf beaches.

11. Police Protection

City: Force consists of 14 policemen. City has four patrol cars and two
motorcycles, equipped with radio. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats
are maintained at night.

County: Police protection outside city is provided by the Sheriff's office
and State Highway Patrol. County jail is approved for quartering Federal

12. Fire Protection

City: Force consists of 12 full-time and 16 volunteer firemen. City has three
engines and two stations.

Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.

County: There is no fire protection outside the city, other than the State
Forest Service forest fire control program.

13. City Streets

Mileage: Total, 96.8 miles; paved, 31.8 miles; gravelled, 65 miles.

General: Cement and blacktop are the principal types of surfacing used. 12.8
miles of streets are curbed and 12.8 miles have sidewalks, About 50% of the
streets should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.

14. Banking Facilities

General: Panama City's two banks had total deposits of $13,086,172.52 on
December 31, 1948.

15. Construction and Service Facilities

Type and number: General contractors, 12; architects, 1; land surveyors, 3;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0; auto-
motive repair facilities, 30; consulting engineers, 0.



16. Retail Facilities

Type and number: Dry good stores, 12; department stores, 4; grocery stores,
112; drug stores, 12.

Parking: City has 270 parking meters and two parking lots.

Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.

17. Wholesale Facilities

General: Panama City is a wholesale distribution center. Commercial cold
storage and commercial freezing facilities are available and adequate.

18. Housing Conditions

General: The housing shortage is critical, but new construction is being
started as rapidly as possible.

19. Hotels and Restaurants.

Hotels: Number, 11; rooms, 400.

Restaurants: Number, 41; seating capacity, 1,200.

20. Newspapers

Daily: Panama City News-Herald, circulation, 11,325.

21. Radio Stations

General: Station WDLP operates on 1,000 watts. Another station is being
started which will operate on 250 watts.

22. Laundries and Dry Cleaners

Commercial laundries: Number, 3.

Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 10.

23. Civic Organizations

Organization and name of president: Garden Club, Mrs. W. H. Marshall; Junior
Chamber of Commerce, Doyle Koon; Chamber of Commerce, Don Fay; Kiwanis Club,
Dr. Reeves Wells; Lions Club, S. W. Gunnoe; Pilot Club, Mrs. Bill Guy; Rotary
Club, R. W. Montjoy; Saint Andrew Business Men's Club, J. D. Parker; Woman's
Club, Mrs. Wallace C. Brown: Junior Woman's Club, Mrs. Fred L. Lewis.

24. Churches

General: Panama City has 30 churches.


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