Group Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Title: [Inventory of industrial advantages
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 Material Information
Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 39 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Advertising Commission
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1948-1949?]
General Note: Issued separately for Florida cities in cooperation with local chambers of commerce and varied agencies.
General Note: In loose-leaf binders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075576
Volume ID: VID00126
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001689269
notis - AJA1305

Full Text



Suwannee County

Table of Contents


Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2

Part B---General Economy

1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 3
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3

Part C---Government

1. Administration 3
2. Finance 3

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 4
6. Water Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 5
10. Recreational Facilities 5
11. Police Protection 6
12. Fire Protection 6
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Retail Facilities 6
16. Wholesale Facilities 6
17. Housing Conditions 6
18. Hotels and Restaurants 6
19. Newspapers 6
20. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 7
21. Civic Organizations 7
22. Churches 7

Prepared By:

Live Oak, Florida


September/49 Tallahassee, Florida



Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography

Location: Live Oak is in North Florida, 84 miles west of Jacksonville
and 85 miles east of Tallahassee.

Chief topographical features: Flat. Elevation, 200 feet.

2. Climate

(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations in Lake City over a 57-year
Annual January April July October

Normal temperature 69.0 55.6 68.7 81.0 70.1
Normal rainfall 49.88 2.86 2.58 7.41 2.73

Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, March 4;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, November 25; average length
of growing season, 266 days.

3. Local Raw Materials

Timber: Long leaf and slash pine are available in quantities. Stands
are about five to eight miles from loading point. Goff Lumber Company,
Live Oak Creosoting Company, Southern Forest Products Company and Suwannee
Vlood Preservers Company are the principal timber operators.

Minerals: Thompson Phosphate Company operates phosphate pits at Branford,
about 20 miles from Live Oak. Sand is available along the banks of the
Suwannee River.

Agricultural products: Tobacco, watermelons, pecans, corn and peanuts
are the principal agricultural products in Suwannee County.

Other: Hogs and beef cattle are raised in quantity.

Part B---General Economy

1. Population
Est. 1949* 1945 1940 1935 1930

County total 18,000 17,602 17,073 16,973 15,731
City total 5,600 3,895 3,427 2,995 2,734
Negroes in county 6,000 5,828 5,487 5,729 5,336
Negroes in city 1,500 1,303 1,216 -

Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.

*Estimate by Suwannee County Chamber of Commerce.

2. Labor

Unions: No national unions have been established in local industries.

Female employment: Approximately 5% of total employment and 2% of manu-
facturing employment is female.

Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white male, 550; unskilled Negro male,
550; unskilled white female, 500; unskilled Negro female, 400; skilled
white male, $1.25; skilled Negro male, 750; skilled white female, 750;
skilled Negro female, 600.

General: Unskilled labor is plentiful.


3. Retail Market

General: Live Oak is the retail trade center for all of Suwannee County
and for parts of Hamilton, Lafayette, Dixie, Taylor, Gilchrist and Madison

1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $2,503.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $7,309,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $1,747,000.*
1948 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $517,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $239,000.*

*Copyright 1949 SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further repro-
duction not licensed.

4. Manufacturing Indpstries

General: Number of manufacturing establishments, 20; total manufacturing
employment, 1,700.

Principal manufacturing industries: Radford Construction Company,
prefabricated houses; Rogers Feed Company, feed; J. P. Holland Company,
feed; City Ice and Fuel Company, ice; Goff Lumber Company, lumber; Bevan,
Cannon and Wolfe Lumber Company, lumber; Live Oak Creosoting Company, poles;
Southern Forest Products, utility poles and cross arms; Suwannee Wood
Preservers, creosoting wood products; E. B. Allen, manufacturer of auto-
mobile seat covers.

5. General Remarks on Economy

Live Oak is the trade center of one of the principal tobacco producing
counties in Florida. Rich farm land and timber resources make Live Oak
an ideal location for many types of industries.

Part C---Government

1. Administration

Type: Mayor-Council.

Officials; Mayor, Marvin Phillips, Jr.; City Attorney, G. W. Sanchez.

Special departments: City has an active engineer and street department.

Zoning; City has a zoning ordinance.

2. Finances

Current city tax rate; Operations, 11 mills; debt service, 5 mills.

Average city tax for last five years: Operations, 15 mills; debt service,
8 mills.

City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value.

Total assessed value of real property in city: $4,190,107.

City license tax on manufacturing plant: $50.

City utility tax: 10% ($5.00 maximum).

Other major city taxes: None.

Current county tax rate: Operations, 12.75 mills; debt service, 0.

Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 15 mills; debt
service, 8 mills.

Special district taxes: The special district tax rate on property withinn
the city is 40 mills.


2. Finances (cont'd)

Bonded debt: City, $350,000; county, 0.

Other long-term obligations: City, 0; county, 0.

Part D---C9mmunity Facilities

1. Available Data

Reports: Chamber of Commerce report of resources and development is
available for reference at the Chamber of Commerce office.

2. Transportation Facilities

Railroad: Live Oak is served by the Seaboard Air Line main line, with
four passenger and eight freight trains daily; the Atlantic Coast Line
main line with 10 freight trains daily, and the Live Oak, Perry and Gulf
main line with two passenger and two freight trains daily. Pick-up and
delivery for less than carload freight is available.

Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service.
Direct air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery
of express is available.

Highway: U. S. Highways 90 and 129 and Florida Highways 51 and 136 pass
through Live Oak.

Local bus service: None.

Intercity bus service: Greyhound Lines has 24 buses daily through Live Oak.

Intercity trucking facilities: Central Truck Lines serves all of Florida.
Atlanta, Jacksonville, Miami, Birmingham, Alabama, and Charleston, South
Carolina, are the principal cities that can be reached by an overnight
truck haul.

Air transportation: Live Oak Airport, privately owned, is five miles
east southeast of town, on U. S. Highway 90. It has one runway, which
is 1,600 feet long and which is to be lengthened to 2,200 feet. Neither
charter cross-country flights nor scheduled commercial air transportation
is available.

3. Power

Florida Power and Light Company owns and operates the generating and dis-
tributing systems in Live Oak and some rural sections. Also, R.E.A. serves
the rural areas. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's
office on request.

4. Fuel

Coal: Delivered cost per ton is $14 for domestic lump and $9 for industrial

Gas: Neither natural nor artificial gas is available. If the Federal
Power Commission approves a pending application of United Gas Corporation,
natural gas will be available about two years after the date of approval.

Bottled gas: Live Oak Gas Company distributes butane. Delivered cost is
210 per gallon.

5. Sewage and Waste Disposal

Sewage: Storm and sanitary sewers are installed. Sewage is treated
chemically. Present capacity of disposal plant is 300,000 gallons.
Ultimate capacity will be 500,000 gallons.




5. Sewage and Waste Disposal


Industrial waste disposal: Industrial waste is emptied into city sewerag

Garbage: Garbage is collected twice weekly.

6. Water Supply

Operator: City.

Source: Deep well. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.

Treatment: Filtered and chlorinated.

Consumption: 350,000 gallons per day.

Pumping capacity: 500,000 gallons per day.

Chemical analysis: Not available.

Rate: Copies of rate schedules are available at City Clerk's office.

7. Communications Facilities

Telephone service: Florida Telephone Corporation operates a manual
exchange serving 800 company-owned stations in the city area, 25 rural
stations and 11 toll circuits.

Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. on
week-days and 9 to 11 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m. on Sundays and holidays.

8. Educational Facilities

Elementary Jupior High High


Number of schools
Present enrollment
Present capacity





Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 200 100 100
Present capacity 200 100 100

Vocational training for white students: Agricultural and mechanical.

Vocational training for Negro students: Agricultural and mechanical.

Libraries: Live Oak Library, 25,000 volumes.

9. Health Facilities

City health department: Staff of one doctor and one nurse. Does not
operate clinics.

County health department: Staff of one doctor, two nurses, three assistants,
and two sanitary inspectors. Does not operate clinics.

Hospital: County hospital, 38 beds.

10. Recreational Facilities

Public parks: None.



10. Recreational Facilities (cont'd)

Athletic fields: Suwannee High School has a football field and two base-
ball diamonds.

Other: Basketball court at local armory.

11. Police Protection

City: Force consists of four policemen. City has one patrol car, without
radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained
at night. City jail is not approved for quartering Federal prisoners.

County: Sheriff's office furnishes police protection outside city limits.

12. Fire Protection

City: Force consists of three full-time and seven volunteer firemen.
City has three engines and one station.

Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.

13. City Streetq

Mileage: Total, 50 miles; paved 20 miles, gravelled, 0.

General: Concrete is the principal type of pavement used. About 40% of
the streets are curbed and about 15% have sidewalks. About 60% of the
streets should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.

14. Banking Facilities

Name Total Resources

First National Bank $3,598,747
Commercial Bank $2,713,329
National Farm Loan Association --

15. Retail Facilities

Type and number: Dry goods stores, 4; department stores, 3; grocery stores,
23; drug stores, 4.

Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.

Vacant stores: There are no vacant stores in the business district.

16. Wholesale Facilities

General: Live Oak is the wholesale distribution center for this area.
Nine tobacco warehouses and a livestock market are operated here.
Commercial cold storage, commercial freezing and public warehousing
facilities are available and adequate.

17. Housing Conditions

General: The housing situation in Live Oak is bad at present. However,
several projects are underway to relieve this situation. Many new homes
are now being constructed.

18. Hotels and Restaurants

Hotels: Number, 2; rooms, 100.

Restaurants: Number, 6; seating capacity, 300.

19. Newspapers

Weekly: Suwannee Echo, circulation 1,700, Suwannee Democrat, circulation


20. Layndries and Dry Cleaners

Commercial laundries: Number, 1.

Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 5.

21. Civic Organizations

Organization and name of president: Kiwanis, Wyman Harvard; Rotary,
T. J. Fletcher, Jr.; Woman's Club, Mrs. Irby Black; Chamber of Commerce
H. S. Wright (secretary); Junior Chamber of Commerce, Reece Brown;
Business and Professional Women's Club, Mrs. Velma Pittman.

22. Churches

Advent Christian, Baptist, Catholic, Church of Christ, Church of God,
Episcopal, Holiness, Methodist, Presbyterian.


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