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MAR 4 9
Part A---General Information
Crawfordville is in West Florida, 31 miles southwest of Tallahassee.
Elevations in Wakulla County range from sea level to approximately 70
feet above sea level.
U. S. Highway 319 passes through Crawfordville, No rail or air service
is available. National Trailways, Inc., provides bus transportation,
The population of aakulla County was 5,059 in 1945. The Crawfordville
election precinct had a population of 685 in 1945.
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau observations at Carrabelle.)
Normal Normal Normal Normal
Temperature Rainfall Temperature Rainfall
January 54.2 3.29 July 81.4 6.84
February 55,5 3.79 August 81.3 7,05
March 61.3 3.80 September 78.8 7.77
April 66.9 3.09 October 70.9 3.37
May 74.3 2.70 November 61.0 2.63
June 79.8 5.05 December 54.9 4.65
Annual 68.4 54.03
This locality was probably visited in 1513 by Ponce de Leon, This area is
the heart of what was known as Apalachee, being inhabited by an Indian tribe
of that name. The story of the fabulous wealth of the Indian village of Aute
(th-e ruins of which are found near Wakulla Beach) lured Narvaez to the area
in 1528. After losing his fleet and being exposed to the determined resist-
ance of the Indians, Narvaez set up the first blacksmith shop in what is now
the United States, at the confluence of the Uakulla and Saint Marks Rivers,
for the purpose of constructing barges in which he could attempt a voyage
Hornando de Sotot s expedition spent the winter of 1539-1540 in the area on
De Soto's memorable adventure in which he discovered the Mississippi River.
In 1639 a Spanish frigate from Saint Augustine entered the Saint Marks River
and loaded a cargo of beans, wild turkey and jerked venison, thus opening
Saint Marks as a port,
The Spanish erected Fort San Marcos at the juncture of the Wakulla and
Saint Marks Rivers about 1679 to protect their holdings from the French and
English buccaneers who frequented the deepwater anchorage at the mouth of
the Saint Marks River, known as "Spanish Hole". In 1682 Fort San Marcos was
stormed and captured by 400 buccaneers, from its defenders, 45 Spaniards and
In 1704 Apalachee was raided by Governor Moore with his Carolina militia and
Indian allies, Through the course of years Apalachee Indians were replaced
by Creeks and Creeks by the Seminoles. In 1783 Charles McLatchey established
the first trading post of Panton, Leslie & Company about one third of a mile
above the lower bridge on the Wakulla River. In 1792 this trading post was
sacked by William Bowles and his Indians. In 1800 the rebuilt trading post
was again sacked by Bowles and Fort San Marcos. captured and occupied by him
and his renegade Indians. For these depredations the Indian chiefs later
deded all of what is now Vakulla County west of the Saint Marks River,
Franklin County, most of Liberty County, part of Leon and Gadsden Counties
to Panton, Leslie & Company and its successor, John Forbes & Company, as
compensation. This transaction approved by the Spanish crown, is reflected
in the land titles of the area.
In 181.8 Florida was invaded and Fort San Marcos captured by Andrew Jacksdn.
In 1843 Wakulla County was created from part of Leon County. The first county
seat ;as at Port Leon, near the mouth of the Saint iarks River, the second
at New Port. Crawfordville has been the county scat since 1866. From 1860
to 1365 Fort Saint Harks and all Wakulla County west of Saint Harks River was
successfully held against attacks of the Union army and navy. This area
furnished the Confederacy large quantities of salt, cattle, salt fish, cotton
and other products.
6. Major Sovrces of Income
The economy of Uakulla County is based almost entirely upon sports fishing
and tourists. Most of the northern and western half of the county is in
the Apalachicola Fational Forest. The Saint Harks National Wildlife Refuge
covers a considerable portion of the southern part of the county. There is
some commercial fishing, naval stores and agriculture in the county.
Part B--Recreation and Entertainment
1. Special Events
Kingfish Tournament, Harch 15 to June 20, Panacea, Florida.
2. Athletic Events
Local high schools only.
3. Tourist Clubs
4. Recreational Clubs
Tallahassee Yacht Association, Panacea, Florida. Dues, $85 per year.
5. Civic Organizations
*akulla County Chamber of Commerce.
6. Fraternal Ornanizations
Ashore Masonic Lodge, Crawfordville.
Monthly dance, Tallahassee Yacht Association clubhouse, Panacea.
Bridge Cafe & Bar, on the Ochlockonee River, Panacea.
8. Recreational Facilities
Uakulla Springs, 11 miles northeast of Crawfordville, just off U. S. Highway
319, is open the year round. There is no admission charge to enter the
grounds. Bo&t rides over the. prints and the jungle cruise each'cost $1 plus
tax. A combination trip costs ;?1.50 plus tax. Grounds are planted with
azaleas, gardenias, red bud, dogwood, crabapple, spider lilies and wild
asters. Hotel, restaurant and bathhouse facilities are available.
The woodlands in this vicinity abound with turkeys, squirrels, quail and
other birds and small game,:as.well as deer and some bear, while the coasts
and marshes are the habitat of gray geese, Canadian geese and all types of
ducks. Unposted hunting grounds are within one-fourth mile of town.
Wakulla County is famous for its fishing. Its fresh water streams, the
largest of which are the Saint Marks, Wakulla and Ochlockonee rivers, are
populated with large mouth bass, bream and other fresh water fish. The
southern part of the county borders on the Gulf of IIexico, where numerous
fishing camps and villages are located, and where all species of fish common
to the Gulf of Mexico are caught. The most popular of the salt water fish
are kingfish, trout, tarpon, grouper, cabio, blackfish, and snapper.
Baptist at Crawfordville
Methodist at Sopchoppy
Name of Rooms Rate
Wakulla Springs Lodge, Wakulla Sprints 25 $5
Myer Lodge, Saint Marks 10 $2.50
Kingfish Lodge, Panacea 8 $2.50
Johnson Lodge, Panacea 10 $2.50
2. Other Accommodations
Information on the numerous fishing camps, lodges, fishing and hunting
guides and charter fishing boats can be obtained from the alkulla County
Chamber of Commerce.
3. Specialized Eating Places
Kingfish Lodge, Panacea Sea food
Johnson Lodge, Panacea Sea food
Wakulla Springs Lodge, Wakulla Springs All types of food
Further information on this area can be obtained from:
WAKULLA COUNTY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
(Prepared March 1949)